AD AD6633

Multichannel Digital Upconverter with
VersaCREST™ Crest Reduction Engine
AD6633
FEATURES
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
4 or 6 wideband digital upconverter channels
VersaCREST crest reduction engine reduces demands on
external power amplifiers
One 20-bit complex input port (I, Q interleaved), shared
among 4 or 6 processing channels
Two 18-bit output ports for parallel I and Q or a single 18-bit
output port for interleaved I and Q
All-pass phase equalizer filters (meets IS-95 requirements)
Programmable RAM coefficient FIR filters (RCF) with
resampling
FIR interpolating filters, 2 per channel
Fifth-order interpolating CIC filter, 1 per channel
Full complex NCO, 32-bit tuning resolution (fine), worst spur
better than −105 dBc, 1 per channel
Complex FIR filter for frequency equalization or additional
filtering
Output automatic gain control
Full complex composite NCO, 6-bit tuning resolution
16-bit/8-bit MicroPort (Intel® or Motorola® mode)
Serial control port (SPI®- or SPORT-compatible)
3.3 V I/O and 1.8 V core supplies
JTAG boundary scan
User-configurable, built-in, self-test (BIST) capability
The AD6633 is a multichannel, wide bandwidth digital
upconverter (DUC) with crest factor reduction (CFR) technology,
which is available in 4-channel or 6-channel versions. It processes
20-bit baseband input data and generates 18-bit, wideband, real,
or complex output data at up to 125 MSPS. This rate is suitable
for driving digital-to-analog converters (DACs) at the first
intermediate frequency (IF) directly.
APPLICATIONS
Cellular/PCS basestations
Micro/pico cell basestations
Multicarrier cdma2000®, WCDMA, TD-SCDMA basestations
Broadband wireless access head ends (LMDS, MMDS)
Software defined radios
High speed signal processing applications
The AD6633 synthesizes multicarrier and multistandard digital
signals to drive the DAC(s) with up to six wideband modulated
carriers from a single output port. Each channel includes an
internal peak-to-average power reduction block that reduces
power amplifier (PA) power dissipation. The user-configurable
interpolating filter (RCF) provides multirate processing
(including resampling) and malleable FIR filter characteristics.
An all-pass phase equalizer designed to comply with the
cdma2000 standard follows the RCF. Each channel has its own
32-bit numerically-controlled oscillator (NCO) to up-convert
the filtered/interpolated data to the first IF. Interpolation, antiimage filtering, all-pass equalization, and NCO tuning functions
are combined in a single, cost-effective device.
Digital IF signal processing provides repeatable manufacturing,
higher accuracy, and more flexibility than comparable high
dynamic range analog designs. The AD6633 uses a 3.3 V I/O
power supply and a 1.8 V core power supply. Typical power
consumption is 75 mW per channel or 1.4 W for the complete
device. All I/O pins are 5 V tolerant. All control registers and
coefficient values are programmed through a generic 16-bit
microprocessor interface or a SPI/SPORT-compatible serial
port. Intel and Motorola microprocessor bus modes are
supported. All inputs and outputs are LVCMOS-compatible.
For more information about the AD6633, contact Analog Devices
via email at [email protected]
GAIN[2:0]
I[17:0]
Q[17:0]
04939-001
AGC
QUADRATURE
CORRECTION
COARSE NCO
INPUT ACK
INPUT REQ
COMPLEX FIR
VersaCREST
WIDEBAND CHANNEL
SUM MONITOR
CH[2:0]
MUX
AND
FIFO
VersaCREST
I/Q
SUMMATION
MULTIPLEXED
I AND Q DATA[19:0]
HALF-BAND FILTER
INPUT
CLOCK
Figure 1. Functional Block Diagram
Rev. Sp0
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However, no responsibility is assumed by Analog Devices for its use, nor for any
infringements of patents or other rights of third parties that may result from its use.
Specifications subject to change without notice. No license is granted by implication
or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Analog Devices. Trademarks and
registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
One Technology Way, P.O. Box 9106, Norwood, MA 02062-9106, U.S.A.
Tel: 781.329.4700
www.analog.com
Fax: 781.326.8703
© 2004 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved.
AD6633
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
The AD6633 is a multichannel, wide bandwidth DUC
with a VersaCREST crest reduction engine. It processes digital
baseband input data and generates wideband, real, or complex
IF output data. It drives DACs up to any IF sampled at up to
125 MSPS. Up to six wideband modulated carriers per package
can be achieved from a single output port. Devices may be
connected together for additional channels by using multiple
packages. Interpolation, anti-image filtering, all-pass
equalization, and NCO tuning functions are combined in
a single, cost-effective device that includes the VersaCREST
crest factor reduction engine.
An all-pass phase equalizer, designed to comply with IS-95,
including cdma2000 standards, is the first available block. A
user-configurable, interpolating RAM coefficient filter (RCF) is
the first general-purpose filter stage in the channel. It provides
multirate processing, including resampling and malleable finite
impulse response (FIR) filter characteristics. Further filtering
can be accomplished with two additional, fixed-coefficient, FIR,
half-band stages. A fifth-order, cascade integrator comb (CIC5)
is the final filter stage available.
Each channel has its own 32-bit NCO to upconvert the
filtered/interpolated data to a first IF.
GAIN[3:0]
AGC
QUADRATURE
CORRECTION
COARSE NCO
The input data is time-multiplexed among the active channels
for processing through a 20-bit input port. Each channel has a
number of elements available to interpolate, resample, and filter
the data while tuning to an IF for further upconversion within a
radio frequency (RF) system.
COMPLEX FIR
Each VersaCREST wideband channel contains a peak-toaverage compensation block that reduces PA requirements.
By minimizing infrequent peaks in code-division, multipleaccess (CDMA) signals, a PA with one-half to one-quarter the
previously necessary power capacity can be used. This is done
within standard signal quality requirements and significantly
lowers system cost.
SUM MONITOR
VersaCREST
Figure 2. Wideband Channel
SUMMATION
VersaCREST REDUCTION ENGINE
FINE
NCO
I[17:0]
Q[17:0]
04939-003
CIC5
04939-002
FIR2
HALF-BAND FILTER
PHASE RESAMPLING FIR1
EQ
RCF
Figure 3. Summation and Post-Sum Blocks
Post-processing after channel summation includes power
monitoring, filtering, composite NCO, digital automatic gain
control (AGC) output, and quadrature correction stages. The
output may be real or complex, and complex output may be
parallel on two 18-bit ports or interleaved on one 18-bit port.
Control registers and coefficient values are programmed
through a generic 16-bit microprocessor interface or a
SPI-/SPORT-compatible serial port. Intel and Motorola
microprocessor bus modes are supported.
The AD6633 uses a 3.3 V I/O power supply and a 1.8 V core
power supply. Typical power consumption is 75 mW per
channel or 1.4 W for the complete device. All inputs and
outputs are LVCMOS-compatible and are 5 V tolerant.
© 2004 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved. Trademarks and
registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
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