19-4705; Rev 1; 4/94 Improved, Quad, SPST Analog Switches ______________________New Features ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Plug-In Upgrades for Industry-Standard DG444/DG445 Improved rON Match Between Channels (4Ω max) Guaranteed rFLAT(ON) Over Signal Range (9Ω max) Improved Charge Injection (10pC max) Improved Off Leakage Current Over Temperature (<5nA at +85°C) ♦ Withstand Electrostatic Discharge (2000V min) per Method 3015.7 __________________Existing Features ♦ Low rDS(ON) (85Ω max) ♦ Single-Supply Operation +10V to +30V Bipolar-Supply Operation ±4.5V to ±20V ♦ Low Power Consumption (35µW max) ♦ Rail-to-Rail Signal Handling ♦ TTL/CMOS-Logic Compatible ______________Ordering Information ________________________Applications PART TEMP. RANGE Sample-and-Hold Circuits Communication Systems DG444CJ 0°C to +70°C 16 Plastic DIP Test Equipment Battery-Operated Systems Heads-Up Displays PBX, PABX DG444DY DG444C/D DG444DJ 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C -40°C to +85°C 16 Narrow SO Dice* 16 Plastic DIP DG444DY -40°C to +85°C 16 Narrow SO Guidance and Control Systems Audio Signal Routing Military Radios Modems/Faxes PIN-PACKAGE Ordering Information continued at end of data sheet. * Contact factory for dice specifications. _____________________Pin Configurations/Functional Diagrams/Truth Tables TOP VIEW IN1 1 16 IN2 IN1 1 16 IN2 D1 2 15 D2 D1 2 15 D2 S1 3 14 S2 S1 3 14 S2 V- 4 13 V+ V- 4 GND 5 12 V L GND 5 S4 6 11 S3 S4 6 11 S3 D4 7 10 D3 D4 7 10 D3 IN4 8 IN4 8 DG444 9 IN3 13 V+ DG445 12 V L 9 DIP/SO IN3 DIP/SO DG444 LOGIC SWITCH LOGIC DG445 SWITCH 0 ON 0 OFF 1 OFF 1 ON SWITCHES SHOWN FOR LOGIC "0" INPUT ________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products Call toll free 1-800-998-8800 for free samples or literature. 1 DG444/DG445 _______________General Description Maxim’s redesigned DG444/DG445 analog switches now feature on-resistance matching (4Ω max) between switches and guaranteed on-resistance flatness over the signal range (9Ω max). These low on-resistance switches conduct equally well in either direction. They guarantee low charge injection (10pC max), low power consumption (35µW max), and an ESD tolerance of 2000V minimum per Method 3015.7. The new design offers lower off leakage current over temperature (less than 5nA at +85°C). The DG444/DG445 are quad, single-pole/single-throw (SPST) analog switches. The DG444 has 4 normally closed switches and the DG445 has 4 normally open switches. Switching times are less than 250ns for tON and less than 70ns for tOFF. Operation is from a single +10V to +30V supply, or bipolar ±4.5V to ±20V supplies. Maxim’s improved DG444/DG445 continue to be fabricated with a 44V silicon-gate process. ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS Voltage Referenced to VV+........................................................................................44V GND ....................................................................................25V VL ....................................................(GND -0.3V) to (V+ +0.3V) Digital Inputs VS, VD (Note 1).........(V- -2V) to (V+ +2V) or 30mA (whichever occurs first) Continuous Current (any terminal) ......................................30mA Peak Current, S or D (pulsed at 1ms, 10% duty cycle max) .100mA Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C) 16-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 10.53mW/°C above +70°C) 842mW 16-Pin Narrow SO (derate 8.70mW/°C above +70°C) ..696mW Operating Temperature Ranges DG444C/DG445C ................................................0°C to +70°C DG444D/DG445D .............................................-40°C to +85°C Storage Temperature Range .............................-65°C to +150°C Lead Temperature (soldering, 10sec) .............................+300°C Note 1: Signals on S, D, or IN exceeding V+ or V- are clamped by internal diodes. Limit forward current to maximum current rating. Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS—Dual Supplies (V+ = 15V, V- = -15V, VL = 5V, GND = 0V, VINH = 2.4V, VINL = 0.8V, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted.) PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP (Note 2) MAX UNITS SWITCH Analog Signal Range Drain-Source On-Resistance On-Resistance Match Between Channels (Note 4) VANALOG rDS(ON) ∆rDS(ON) On-Resistance Flatness (Note 4) rFLAT(ON) (Note 3) -15 15 V+ = 13.5V, V- = -13.5V, VD = ±8.5V, IS = -10mA TA = +25°C VD = ±10V, IS = -10mA TA = +25°C 4 TA = TMIN to TMAX 5 VD = ±5V, IS = -10mA TA = +25°C 9 TA = TMIN to TMAX 15 50 TA = TMIN to TMAX Source Leakage Current (Note 5) V+ = 16.5V, V- = -16.5V, VD = ±15.5V, VS = 15.5V TA = +25°C IS(OFF) Drain-Off Leakage Current (Note 5) V+ = 16.5V, V- = -16.5V, VD = ±15.5V, VS = 15.5V TA = +25°C ID(OFF) Drain-On Leakage Current (Note 5) ID(ON) or IS(ON) V+ = 16.5V, V- = -16.5V, VD = ±15.5V, VS = ±15.5V TA = +25°C ± ± DG444/DG445 Improved, Quad, SPST Analog Switches 85 V Ω 100 -0.50 0.01 Ω Ω 0.50 nA TA = TMIN to TMAX -5 -0.50 5 0.01 0.50 nA TA = TMIN to TMAX -5 -0.50 5 0.08 0.50 nA TA = TMIN to TMAX -10 10 INPUT Input Current with Input Voltage High Input Current with Input Voltage Low 2 IINH VIN = 2.4V, all others = 0.8V -0.5 -0.00001 0.5 µA IINL VIN = 0.8V, all others = 2.4V -0.5 -0.00001 0.5 µA _______________________________________________________________________________________ Improved, Quad, SPST Analog Switches (V+ = 15V, V- = -15V, VL = 5V, GND = 0V, VINH = 2.4V, VINL = 0.8V, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted.) PARAMETER SYMBOL MIN CONDITIONS TYP (Note 2) MAX UNITS SUPPLY Power-Supply Range Positive Supply Current Negative Supply Current Logic Supply Current Ground Current V+, V- ±4.5 ±20.0 V All channels on or off, V+ = 16.5V, V- = -16.5V, VIN = 0V or 5V TA = +25°C -1 TA = TMIN to TMAX -5 All channels on or off, V+ = 16.5V, V- = -16.5V, VIN = 0V or 5V TA = +25°C -1 TA = TMIN to TMAX -5 All channels on or off, V+ = 16.5V, V- = -16.5V, VIN = 0V or 5V TA = +25°C -1 TA = TMIN to TMAX -5 All channels on or off, V+ = 16.5V, V- = -16.5V, VIN = 0V or 5V TA = +25°C -1 TA = TMIN to TMAX -5 VS = ±10V, Figure 2 TA = +25°C 150 250 ns DG444, VS = ±10V, Figure 2 TA = +25°C 90 120 ns DG445, VS = ±10V, Figure 2 TA = +25°C 110 170 ns Q CL = 1nF, VGEN = 0V, RGEN = 0Ω, Figure 3 TA = +25°C 5 10 pC OIRR RL = 50Ω, CL = 5pF, f = 1MHz, Figure 4 TA = +25°C 60 dB RL - 50Ω, CL = 5pF, f = 1MHz, Figure 5 TA = +25°C 100 dB I+ I- IL IGND 0.001 1 µA 5 -0.0001 1 µA 5 0.001 1 µA 5 -0.0001 1 µA 5 DYNAMIC Turn-On Time tON Turn-Off Time tOFF Charge Injection (Note 3) Off-Isolation Rejection Ratio (Note 6) Crosstalk (Note 7) Source-Off Capacitance CS(OFF) f = 1MHz, Figure 6 TA = +25°C 4 pF Drain-Off Capacitance CD(OFF) f = 1MHz, Figure 6 TA = +25°C 4 pF Source-On Capacitance CS(ON) f = 1MHz, Figure 7 TA = +25°C 16 pF Drain-On Capacitance CD(ON) f = 1MHz, Figure 7 TA = +25°C 16 pF _______________________________________________________________________________________ 3 DG444/DG445 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS—Dual Supplies (continued) ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS—Single Supply (V+ = 12V, V- = 0V, VL = 5V, GND = 0V, VINH = 2.4V, VINL = 0.8V, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted.) PARAMETER SYMBOL MIN CONDITIONS TYP (Note 2) MAX 100 160 UNITS SWITCH Analog Signal Range VANALOG Drain-Source On-Resistance rDS(ON) (Note 3) 0 V+ = 10.8V, VL = 5.25V, VD = 3V, 8V, IS = -10mA 12 TA = +25°C V Ω TA = TMIN to TMAX 200 SUPPLY Power-Supply Range V+, V- 10.8 TA = +25°C TA = TMIN to TMAX TA = +25°C TA = TMIN to TMAX -1 -5 -1 -5 All channels on or off, VIN = 0V or 5V TA = +25°C TA = TMIN to TMAX TA = +25°C TA = TMIN to TMAX -1 -5 -1 -5 Power-Supply Current I+ All channels on or off, VIN = 0V or 5V Negative Supply Current I- All channels on or off, VIN = 0V or 5V Logic Supply Current IL All channels on or off, VIN = 0V or 5V Ground Current IGND 24.0 0.001 1 5 1 5 -0.0001 0.001 1 5 1 5 -0.0001 V µA µA µA µA DYNAMIC Turn-On Time tON VS = 8V, Figure 2 TA = +25°C 300 400 ns Turn-Off Time tOFF VS = 8V, Figure 2 TA = +25°C 60 200 ns CL = 1nF, VGEN = 0V, RGEN = 0Ω, Figure 3 TA = +25°C 5 10 pC Charge Injection (Note 3) Q Note 2: Typical values are for design aid only, are not guaranteed and are not subject to production testing. The algebraic convention, where the most negative value is a minimum and the most positive value a maximum, is used in this data sheet. Note 3: Guaranteed by design. Note 4: On-resistance match between channels and flatness are guaranteed only with bipolar-supply operation. Flatness is defined as the difference between the maximum and the minimum value of on-resistance as measured at the extremes of the specified analog signal range. Note 5: Leakage parameters IS(OFF), ID(OFF), ID(ON), and IS(ON), are100% tested at the maximum rated hot temperature and guaranteed at +25°C. Note 6: Off-Isolation Rejection Ratio = 20log (VD/VS), VD = output, VS = input to off switch. Note 7: Between any two switches. __________________________________________Typical Operating Characteristics (TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.) ON LEAKAGE CURRENTS TA = +85°C -1 0 TA = +85°C V+ = 15V V- = -15V -5 0 VS, VD (V) 4 5 10 15 DG444/5-3 IN LOW MAX 0.5 V+ = 15V V- = -15V -1 -10 2.0 1.5 -0.5 -2 IN HI MIN 2.5 VIN (V) OFF LEAKAGE (nA) 0 3.0 TA = +125°C 0.5 TA = +125°C 3.5 DG444/5-2 1 1 -15 SWITCHING THRESHOLD vs. BIPOLAR SUPPLY VOLTAGE OFF LEAKAGE CURRENTS DG444/5-1 2 ON LEAKAGE (nA) DG444/DG445 Improved, Quad, SPST Analog Switches 0 -15 -10 -5 5 0 VS, VD (V) 10 15 ±5 ±10 ±15 BIPOLAR SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) _______________________________________________________________________________________ ±20 Improved, Quad, SPST Analog Switches ON-RESISTANCE vs. VD AND BIPOLAR-SUPPLY VOLTAGE ±5V 125 V+ = 10V 100 V+ = 15V, V- = -15V 80 90 V+ = 15V 75 V+ = 20V 50 rDS(ON)(Ω) rDS(ON)(Ω) rDS(ON)(Ω) 100 ±10V 60 ±15V 30 20 0 0 5 10 15 20 -20 -10 TA = +25°C 40 TA = -55°C ±20V 25 0 TA = +125°C 60 0 10 0 -15 20 -10 10 VD (V) 0 VD (V) ON-RESISTANCE vs. VD, UNIPOLARSUPPLY VOLTAGE AND TEMPERATURE SWITCHING TIME vs. BIPOLAR-SUPPLY VOLTAGE SWITCHING TIME vs. UNIPOLAR-SUPPLY VOLTAGE TA = +125°C 200 DG444/5-8 160 DG444/5-7 150 -5 5 VD (V) V- = 0V 15 DG444/5-9 V+ = 5V DG444/5-5 120 DG444/5-4 150 ON-RESISTANCE vs. VD, BIPOLAR SUPPLY VOLTAGE AND TEMPERATURE DG444/5-6 ON-RESISTANCE vs. VD AND UNIPOLAR-SUPPLY VOLTAGE 125 120 TA = -40°C tON TIME (ns) TIME (ns) 75 80 100 tON 50 tOFF 50 40 tOFF V+ = 12V V- = 0V 0 0 0 4 8 0 ±5 12 ±10 ±15 ±20 10 BIPOLAR-SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) VD (V) 10 DG444/5-10 V+ = 12V V- = 0V CL = 1nF Q (pC) V+ = 15V V- = -15V CL = 1nF 25 CHARGE INJECTION vs. VD VOLTAGE CHARGE INJECTION vs. VD VOLTAGE 20 15 20 UNIPOLAR-SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) 0 DG444/5-11 25 Q (pC) rDS(ON)(Ω) 150 TA = +25°C 100 0 -10 -20 -15 -10 0 VD (V) 10 15 0 5 10 15 VD (V) _______________________________________________________________________________________ 5 DG444/DG445 ____________________________Typical Operating Characteristics (continued) (TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.) DG444/DG445 Improved, Quad, SPST Analog Switches _____________________Pin Description PIN NAME 1, 16, 9, 8 IN1-IN4 Logic Control Inputs FUNCTION 2, 15, 10, 7 D1-D4 Drain Outputs 3, 14, 11, 6 S1-S4 Source Outputs 4 V- 5 GND 12 VL Logic Supply-Voltage Input 13 V+ Positive Supply-Voltage Input— connected to substrate Negative Supply-Voltage Input Ground __________Applications Information General Operation 1. Switches are open when power is off. 2. IN, D, and S should not exceed V+ or V-, even with the power off. 3. Switch leakage is from each analog switch terminal to V+ or V-, not to other switch terminals. Characteristics graphs show typical on-resistance with ±20V, ±15V, ±10V, and ±5V supplies. (Switching times increase by a factor of two or more for operation at ±5V.) Overvoltage Protection Proper power-supply sequencing is recommended for all CMOS devices. Do not exceed the absolute maximum ratings because stresses beyond the listed ratings may cause permanent damage to the devices. Always sequence V+ on first, followed by VL , V-, and logic inputs. If power-supply sequencing is not possible, add two small, external signal diodes in series with supply pins for overvoltage protection (Figure 1). Adding diodes reduces the analog signal range to 1V below V+ and 1V above V-, but low switch resistance and low leakage characteristics are unaffected. Device operation is unchanged, and the difference between V+ and Vshould not exceed +44V. V+ Operation with Supply Voltages Other Than ±15V Using supply voltages other than ±15V will reduce the analog signal range. The DG444/DG445 switches operate with ±4.5V to ±20V bipolar supplies or with a +10V to +30V single supply; connect V- to 0V when operating with a single supply. Also, all device types can operate with unbalanced supplies such as +24V and -5V. VL must be connected to +5V to be TTL compatible, or to V+ for CMOS-logic level inputs. The Typical Operating S D Vg V- Figure 1. Overvoltage Protection Using External Blocking Diodes ______________________________________________Timing Diagrams/Test Circuits LOGIC INPUT +5V +15V VL V+ DG444 DG445 +3V t f < 20ns t r < 20ns 50% SWITCH INPUT S D VOUT 0V IN tOFF VOUT 0.8 x VOUT SWITCH OUTPUT 0.8 x VOUT LOGIC INPUT +3V RL GND V- -15V 0V tON LOGIC INPUT WAVEFORM IS INVERTED FOR SWITCHES THAT HAVE THE OPPOSITE LOGIC SENSE. REPEAT TEST FOR CHANNELS 2, 3, AND 4. CL INCLUDES FIXTURE AND STRAY CAPACITANCE. RL VOUT = VD RL + rDS(ON) ( ) Figure 2. Switching Time 6 _______________________________________________________________________________________ CL Improved, Quad, SPST Analog Switches ∆VOUT VOUT RGEN +5V +15V VL V+ DG444 DG445 D S VOUT IN DG444 OFF ON OFF VGEN CL GND OFF ON V- IN -15V OFF IN VIN = +3V Q = ∆VOUT × CL DG445 Figure 3. Charge Injection 10nF SIGNAL GENERATOR 10dBm D +15V +5V 10nF DG444 DG445 V+ SIGNAL GENERATOR VL RGEN = 50Ω 10dBm D +15V +5V V+ VL DG444 DG445 50Ω S RGEN = 50Ω IN 0V or +2.4V IN IN 0V or +2.4V 0V or +2.4V NETWORK ANALYZER S GND V- 10nF RL S NETWORK ANALYZER D GND -15V D Figure 5. Crosstalk +15V +5V V+ VL f = 1MHz 10nF DG444 DG445 D CAPACITANCE METER IN CAPACITANCE METER 0V or +2.4V S V- -15V Figure 6. Source/Drain-Off Capacitance 10nF +15V +5V V+ VL DG444 DG445 IN f = 1MHz VD GND NC 10nF -15V Figure 4. Off-Isolation Rejection Ratio 10nF V- RL 0V or +2.4V S GND V- 10nF -15V Figure 7. Source/Drain-On Capacitance _______________________________________________________________________________________ 7 DG444/DG445 _________________________________Timing Diagrams/Test Circuits (continued) DG444/DG445 Improved, Quad, SPST Analog Switches _Ordering Information (continued) PART TEMP. RANGE DG445CJ 0°C to +70°C 16 Plastic DIP DG445CY DG445C/D DG445DJ 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C -40°C to +85°C 16 Narrow SO Dice* 16 Plastic DIP DG445DY -40°C to +85°C 16 Narrow SO ___________________Chip Topography D1 PIN-PACKAGE IN1 IN2 D2 S2 S1 V- * Contact factory for dice specifications. V+ 0.091" VL (2.31mm) GND S4 S3 D4 IN4 IN3 D3 0.071" (1.80mm) TRANSISTOR COUNT: 126 SUBSTRATE CONNECTED TO V+ ________________________________________________________Package Information DIM D1 A A1 A2 A3 B B1 C D D1 E E1 e eA eB L α E E1 D A3 A A2 L A1 INCHES MAX MIN 0.200 – – 0.015 0.150 0.125 0.080 0.055 0.022 0.016 0.065 0.050 0.012 0.008 0.765 0.745 0.030 0.005 0.325 0.300 0.280 0.240 0.100 BSC 0.300 BSC 0.400 – 0.150 0.115 15˚ 0˚ MILLIMETERS MIN MAX – 5.08 0.38 – 3.18 3.81 1.40 2.03 0.41 0.56 1.27 1.65 0.20 0.30 18.92 19.43 0.13 0.76 7.62 8.26 6.10 7.11 2.54 BSC 7.62 BSC – 10.16 2.92 3.81 0˚ 15˚ 21-587A α C e B1 B eA 16-PIN PLASTIC DUAL-IN-LINE PACKAGE eB Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. 8 ___________________Maxim Integrated Products, 120 San Gabriel Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 (408) 737-7600 © 1994 Maxim Integrated Products Printed USA is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products.