Rev 0; 11/07 100MHz HCSL Clock Generator The DS4100H is a low-jitter 100MHz clock generator with a high-speed current steering logic (HCSL) output. It combines an AT-cut crystal, an oscillator, and a lownoise phase-locked loop (PLL) in a 5mm by 3.2mm ceramic package. Typical phase jitter is 0.9psRMS from 12kHz to 20MHz. The device operates from a single +3.3V supply. Applications PCI Express® Features ♦ 100MHz Output Frequency ♦ 3.3V ±5% Operating Voltage ♦ HCSL Output ♦ Phase Jitter (RMS): 0.9ps Typical ♦ ±39ppm Frequency Stability Over Voltage, Temperature, 10 Years of Aging ♦ Output-Enable (OE) Control Input ♦ 5mm x 3.2mm x 1.49mm Ceramic Package (LCCC) ♦ Pb Free/RoHS Compliant Ordering Information PART TEMP RANGE PIN-PACKAGE DS4100H+ -40°C to +85°C 10 LCCC TOP MARK 10H +Denotes a lead-free package. The lead finish is JESD97 category e4 (Au over Ni) and is compatible with both lead-based and lead-free soldering processes. Pin Configuration Typical Operating Circuit TOP VIEW OE 1 RREF 2 GND 3 6 VCC 5 OUTN 4 OUTP RS VCC OUTP DS4100H RREF PCI Express LOAD OR CONNECTOR RS OUTN GND 475Ω ±1% N.C. + 3.3V OE N.C. RT DS4100H *EP RT N.C. N.C. (5.00mm × 3.20mm × 1.49mm) *EXPOSED PAD PCI Express is a registered trademark of PCI-SIG Corp. ________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim Direct at 1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxim’s website at www.maxim-ic.com. 1 DS4100H General Description DS4100H 100MHz HCSL Clock Generator ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS Power-Supply Voltage (VCC) .......................................-0.3V, +4V Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C) ...................280mW Operating Temperature Range ...........................-40°C to +85°C Junction Temperature ......................................................+150°C Storage Temperature Range ...............................-40°C to +85°C Soldering Temperature Profile (3 passes max) .......................................................Refer to the IPC/JEDEC J-STD-020 specification. Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VCC = 3.135V to 3.465V, TA = -40°C to +85°C. Typical values are at VCC = +3.3V and TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.) PARAMETER Supply Voltage SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX 3.135 3.300 3.465 UNITS VCC (Note 1) V Supply Current ICC OE = VIH, Figure 2 85 mA Input High Voltage (OE) VIH (Note 1) 2.0 VCC V Input Low Voltage (OE) VIL (Note 1) 0 0.8 V Input Leakage Current (OE) I IN GND OE VCC -55 +10 μA HCSL OUTPUTS (OUTP, OUTN) 475 resistor connected between RREF and GND, VOUTN or VOUTP = 1.2V, VCC = 3.3V ±5% 12.25 13.92 15.59 VOH RS = 0, RT = 50 (Notes 1, 2) 612.5 696.0 779.5 mV VOL RS = 0, RT = 50 (Notes 1, 2) 0 50 mV Output High Current IOH Output High Voltage Output Low Voltage mA Output Leakage High Current I_LEAKH VOE = 0; VOUTN, VOUTP = VCC -10 +10 μA Output Leakage Low Current I_LEAKL VOE = 0; VOUTN, VOUTP = 0 -10 +10 μA Measure current out of OUTN pin at V OUTN = 0.5V and 1.0V; R O = 0.5 / I0.5 - I1.0 Output Resistance RO 3000 Crossover Voltage VCROSS Output Rise Time tR 20% to 80%, CL = 2pF 175 700 ps Output Fall Time tF 80% to 20%, CL = 2pF 175 700 ps Measure crossing voltage at OUTP and OUTN (Notes 1, 2, and 3) (50% x VOH) ±5% mV Overshoot VOVER Measure overshoot voltage at OUTP and OUTN (Notes 1, 2, and 3) VOH + 0.2V V Undershoot VUNDER Measure undershoot voltage at OUTP and OUTN (Notes 1, 2, and 3) -0.2 V Output-Enable Time to Low Level t PZL Figure 3 (Note 4) 200 ns Output-Enable Time to High Level t PZH Figure 3 (Note 5) 200 ns 2 _______________________________________________________________________________________ 100MHz HCSL Clock Generator (VCC = 3.135V to 3.465V, TA = -40°C to +85°C. Typical values are at VCC = +3.3V and TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.) PARAMETER SYMBOL Output Disable Time t PZ CONDITIONS MIN TYP Figure 3 (Note 6) CLOCK OUTPUT AS MEASURED AT OUTP WITH RESPECT TO OUTN Clock Output f OUT Frequency Stability Total f / f O Over temperature range, aging, load, and supply (Note 7) Initial Frequency Tolerance f_TOL VCC = 3.3V, TA = +25°C MAX UNITS 10 ns 100 -39 MHz +39 ±15 ppm ppm Frequency Stability vs. Temperature f / fO | TA VCC = 3.3V -30 +30 ppm Frequency Stability vs. VCC f / f O | V VCC = 3.3V ±5% -3 +3 ppm/V Frequency Stability vs. Load f / f O | LOAD Aging (10 Years) fAGING Phase Jitter (RMS) PJRMS Accumulated Deterministic Jitter Due to Power-Supply Noise (Note 8) DJPN,P-P Rise and Fall Time Mismatching Duty Cycle tDC Oscillation Startup Time Clock Output SSB Phase Noise Note 1: Note 2: Note 3: Note 4: Note 5: Note 6: Note 7: Note 8: Note 9: ±10% variation in termination resistance ±1 -7 +7 12kHz to 20MHz 0.9 10kHz 3.0 100kHz 27 200kHz 15 1MHz 7.0 20% to 80%; CL = 2pF; Figure 2; 2 x (tR - tF) / (tR + tF) ±20 Measure at OUTP and OUTN, Figure 2 (Note 9) ppm 45 ps ps % 55 3 100Hz -90.0 1kHz -112 10kHz -115 100kHz -123 1MHz -142 10MHz -147 ppm % ms ps All voltages are referenced to ground. With 50Ω load to ground on each output pin. Guaranteed by design and not production tested. tPZL is defined as the time at which VOE = 1.0V on the rising edge of OE to the time at which VOUTP or VOUTN = 0.1VOH on the falling edge of OUTP or OUTN. tPZH is defined as the time at which the voltage on the rising edge of OE is equal to 1.0V to the time at which VOUTP or VOUTN = 0.9VOH on the rising edge of VOUTP or VOUTN. tPZ is defined as the time at which VOE = 1.0V on the falling edge of OE to the time at which both VOUTP and VOUTN are less than 0.1VOH. Frequency stability is calculated as: ΔfTOTAL = ΔfTEMP + ΔfVCC x 0.165 + ΔfLOAD + ΔfAGING. Measured with 50mVP-P sinusoidal signal on the supply from 10kHz to 1MHz. Including oscillator startup time and PLL acquisition time measured after VCC reaches 3.0V from power-on. _______________________________________________________________________________________ 3 DS4100H ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued) Typical Operating Characteristics (VCC = +3.3V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.) 0 -5 -10 -20 0 20 40 60 80 0.5 0.3 0.0 -0.3 -0.5 -0.8 3.190 3.245 3.300 3.355 3.410 3.465 DS4100H toc03 DS4100H toc02 0.8 -1.0 3.135 -15 75.0 fOUT DEVIATION FROM VCC = 3.3V (ppm) 5 1.0 fOUT DEVIATION FROM VCC = 3.3V (ppm) DS4100H toc01 10 -40 SUPPLY CURRENT vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE CLOCK OUTPUT vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE FREQUENCY vs. TEMPERATURE 15 fOUT DEVIATION (ppm) DS4100H 100MHz HCSL Clock Generator 70.0 65.0 60.0 55.0 50.0 3.135 3.190 3.245 3.300 3.355 3.410 VCC (V) VCC (V) TEMPERATURE (°C) VCC COUNTER N DS4100H OSCILLATOR AMPLIFIER PFD LOOP FILTER OE VCO OUTPUT BUFFER COUNTER M OUTP OUTN RREF CURRENT ADJUST GND Figure 1. Functional Diagram 4 _______________________________________________________________________________________ 3.465 100MHz HCSL Clock Generator Z0 RS DS4100H OUTP OUTP CL OUTPUT BUFFER Z0 = 50Ω, 35in LENGTH RECEIVER RS OUTN Z0 RT RT OUTN CL CL = 2pF RT = 50Ω RS = 0Ω FOR TEST, 0 TO 33Ω TO MINIMIZE RINGING IN APPLICATION. CL = SIMULATES RECEIVER INPUT CAPACITANCE FOR TEST ONLY. Figure 2. Typical Termination for HCSL Driver and Test Conditions 0.7 x VCC OE 0.3 x VCC tPZH tPZ OUTP GND tPZL OUTN GND Figure 3. HCSL Output Timing Diagram When OE is Enabled and Disabled Pin Description PIN NAME FUNCTION Output Enable. On-chip pullup resistor. If connected to logic-high or left open, the clock output is enabled. If connected to logic-low, the output is three-stated. 1 OE 2 RREF Connect a 475 ±1% resistor from RREF to ground. 3 GND Ground 4 OUTP Positive Clock Output. Requires a series resistor and a pulldown resistor. 5 OUTN 6 VCC 7–10 N.C. — EP Negative Clock Output. Requires a series resistor and a pulldown resister. +3.3V Supply Input. Device power can range from 3.135V to 3.465V. No Connection Exposed Paddle. The exposed pad must be used for thermal relief. This pad can be connected to ground. _______________________________________________________________________________________ 5 DS4100H 100MHz HCSL Clock Generator Detailed Description The DS4100H is a low-jitter HCSL 100MHz clock generator. It combines an AT-cut crystal, an oscillator, and a low-noise PLL in a 5mm by 3.2mm ceramic package. The typical phase jitter is 0.9ps RMS from 12kHz to 20MHz. The device operates from a single +3.3V supply. Chip Information TRANSISTOR COUNT: 2850 SUBSTRATE CONNECTED TO GROUND PROCESS: Bipolar SiGe Thermal Information PLL The PLL generates a 1.6GHz high-speed clock signal based on the 25MHz crystal oscillator output. Clockdivider circuit M generates the output clock by scaling the VCO output frequency. Clock-divider circuit N applies a scaled version of the output clock signal to the phase/frequency detector (PFD) circuit. Output Drivers The DS4100H is available with HCSL output buffers. When not needed, the output buffers can be disabled by driving the OE input to a logic-low. OE has an internal pullup resistor so that, if OE is left open, the outputs are enabled by default. When disabled, the output buffer goes to a high-impedance state. THETA-JA (°C/W) 90 Package Information (For the latest package outline information go to www.maxim-ic.com/DallasPackInfo.) PACKAGE TYPE DOCUMENT NO. 10 LCCC 56-G5032-002 Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. 6 _____________________Maxim Integrated Products, 120 San Gabriel Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 408-737-7600 © 2007 Maxim Integrated Products is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.