CLC431/432 Dual Wideband Monolithic Op Amp with Disable General Description Features The CLC431 and CLC432 current-feedback amplifiers provide wide bandwidths and high slew rates for applications where board density and power are key considerations. These amplifiers provide DC-coupled small signal bandwidths exceeding 92MHz while consuming only 7mA per channel. Operating from ± 15V supplies, the CLC431/432’s enhanced slew rate circuitry delivers large-signal bandwidths without out voltage swings up to 28Vpp. A wide range of bandwidth insensitive gains are made possible by virtue of the CLC431 and CLC432’s current-feedback topology. The large common-mode input range and fast settling time (70ns to 0.05%) make these amplifiers well suited for CCD & data telecommunication applications. The disable of the CLC431 can accommodate ECL or TTL logic levels or a wide range of user definable inputs. With its fast enable/disable time (0.2µs/1µs) and high channel isolation of 70dB at 10MHz, the CLC431 can easily be configured as a 2:1 MUX. Many high performance video applications requiring signal gain and/or switching will be satisfied with the CLC431/432 due to their very low differential gain and phase errors (less than 0.1% and 0.1˚; AV = +2V/V at 4.43MHz into 150Ω load). Quick 8ns rise and fall times on 10V pulses allow the CLC431/432 to drive either twisted pair or coaxial transmission lines over long distances. The CLC431/432’s combination of low input voltage noise, wide common-mode input voltage range and large output voltage swings make them especially well suited for wide dynamic range signal processing applications Enhanced Solutions (Military/Aerospace) SMD Number: 5962-94725 n n n n n Wide bandwidth: 92MHz(AV =+1), 62MHz(AV =+2) Fast slew rate: 2000V/µs Fast disable: 1µs to high-Z output High channel isolation: 70dB at 10MHz Single or dual supplies: ± 5V to ± 16.5V Applications n n n n n Video signal multiplexing Twisted-pair differential driver CCD buffer & level shifting Discrete gain-select amplifier Transimpedance amplifier CLC431/CLC432 Channel Matching DS012712-1 *Space level versions also available. *For more information, visit http://www.national.com/mil Connection Diagrams DS012712-5 Pinout CLC432 DIP & SOIC © 2001 National Semiconductor Corporation DS012712 www.national.com CLC431/432 Dual Wideband Monolithic Op Amp with Disable February 2001 CLC431/432 Connection Diagrams (Continued) DS012712-4 Pinout CLC431 DIP & SOIC Typical Application DS012712-3 CLC431 Gain-Select Amplifier DS012712-2 Discrete Gain-Select Amplifier www.national.com 2 Package Temperature Range Industrial Part Number Package Marking NSC Drawing 14-Pin Plastic DIP −40˚C to +85˚C CLC431AJP CLC431AJP N14A 14-Pin Plastic SOIC −40˚C to +85˚C CLC431AJE CLC431AJE M14A,B 8-Pin Plastic DIP −40˚C to +85˚C CLC432AJP CLC432AJP N08E 8-Pin Plastic SOIC −40˚C to +85˚C CLC432AJE CLC432AJE M08A 3 www.national.com CLC431/432 Ordering Information CLC431/432 Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 1) Lead Temperature (Soldering 10 sec) If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required, please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/Distributors for availability and specifications. Operating Ratings Supply Voltage Short Circuit Current Common-Mode Input Voltage Differential Input voltage Maximum Junction Temperature Storage Temperature Range Thermal Resistance Package 14-Pin MDIP 14-Pin SOIC 8-Pin MDIP 8-Pin SOIC ± 16.5V 100mA ± VCC ± 10V 150˚C −65˚C to +150˚C +300˚C (θJC) 55˚C/W 35˚C/W 55˚C/W 40˚C/W (θJA) 100˚C/W 105˚C/W 110˚C/W 115˚C/W Electrical Characteristics VCC = ± 15V; AV = +2; Rf = Rg = 750Ω; RL = 100Ω; unless noted (Note 3) Parameters Ambient Temperature Conditions Typ Max/Min Ratings (Note 2) Units CLC431 & CLC432 +25 +25 0 to +70 −40 to +85 ˚C VOUT < 4.0VPP 62 42 37 36 MHz Frequency Domain Response -3dB Bandwidth < 4.0VPP, VCC (Note 4) Gain Flatness VOUT = ± 5V 62 VOUT < 10VPP 28 21 20 20 MHz dB MHz VOUT < 4.0VPP Peaking DC to 100MHz 0.05 0.5 0.7 0.7 Rolloff DC to 20MHz 0.0 0.8 0.8 0.8 dB Linear Phase Deviation DC to 30MHz 0.3 1.8 2.0 2.1 deg Differential Gain RL = 150Ω,4.43MHz 0.12 0.18 0.2 0.2 % Differential Phase RL = 150Ω, 4.43MHz 0.12 0.18 0.23 0.25 deg Time Domain Response (Note 4) (Note 4) Rise and Fall Time 10V Step 8 12 13 13 ns Overshoot 2V Step 5 10 12 12 % Settling Time 2V Step to 0.05% 70 100 110 110 ns Slew Rate VOUT = ± 10V 2000 1500 1450 1400 V/ms 2nd Harmonic Distortion 2VPP, 1MHz −65 dBc 3rd Harmonic Distortion 2VPP, 1MHz −75 dBc Voltage > 1MHz 3.3 4.2 4.4 4.5 nV/ Current, Inverting > 1MHz 13 16 17 18 pA/ Current, Non-Inverting > 1MHz 2.0 2.5 2.6 2.8 pA/ Distortion And Noise Response (Note 8) (Note 8) Equivalent Input Noise Static, DC Performance (Note 9) Input Offset Voltage 3 6 7 7 mV Average Drift 20 - 50 50 µV/˚C (Note 9) Input Bias Current, Non-Inverting 2 8 10 16 µA Average Drift 25 - 100 150 nA/˚C (Note 9) Input Bias Current, Inverting 2 6 6 8 µA 8 - 25 40 nA/˚C 59 59 59 dB Average Drift (Note 9) Power Supply Rejection Ratio DC 64 Common-Mode Rejection Ratio DC RL = ∞, Per Channel 63 58 57 56 dB 7.1 7.9 8.5 9.6 mA Supply Current www.national.com 4 (Continued) VCC = ± 15V; AV = +2; Rf = Rg = 750Ω; RL = 100Ω; unless noted (Note 3) Parameters Ambient Temperature Typ Max/Min Ratings (Note 2) CLC431 & CLC432 Conditions +25 +25 0 to +70 −40 to +85 Units ˚C RL = ∞, Per Channel 0.8 1.2 1.3 1.45 mA ± 12.2 ± 12.0 ± 11.8 ± 11.6 V MΩ Static, DC Performance (Note 9) CLC431 Disabled Miscellaneous Performance Input Voltage Range Common Mode Input Resistance Non-Inverting 24 16 10 6 Input Capacitance Non-Inverting 0.5 1 1 1 pF ± 60 ± 14.0 ± 6.0 ± 38 ± 13.6 ± 3.7 ± 35 ± 13.4 ± 3.7 ± 30 ± 13.2 ± 2.9 mA Turn On 0.1 0.15 0.155 0.165 µs Turn Off 0.7 1.0 1.2 1.2 µs > 2.0 < 0.8 > 2.0 < 0.8 > 2.0 < 0.8 > 2.0 < 0.8 V 150 180 190 205 µA 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 V Output Current Output Voltage Range RL ≥ 5kΩ RL = 100Ω V V Switching Performance (CLC431) Switching Time (Note 5) DIS Logic Levels Single-Ended Mode High Input Voltage (VIH) Low Input Voltage (VIL) Maximum Current Input (Note 6) DIS-DIS VIH > DIS > VIL V Differential Mode Minimum Differential Voltage Isolation (Note 7) Crosstalk, Input Referred 10MHz 70 64 64 64 dB Off Isolation 10MHz 64 60 60 60 dB Note 1: “Absolute Maximum Ratings” are those values beyond which the safety of the device cannot be guaranteed. They are not meant to imply that the devices should be operated at these limits. The table of “Electrical Characteristics” specifies conditions of device operation. Note 2: Min/max ratings are based on product characterization and simulation. Individual parameters are tested as noted. Outgoing quality levels are determined from tested parameters. Note 3: Tested and guaranteed with Rf = 866Ω. CLC432 tested and guaranteed with Rf = 750Ω Note 4: Spec is guaranteed for RL ≥ 500Ω Note 5: VRTTL = 0, See text for single-ended mode of operation. Note 6: VRTTL = NC, See text for differential mode operation. Note 7: Spec is guaranteed for AJE & AJP yield 7dB lower Note 8: Spec is tested with 2VPP, 10MHz and RL = 100Ω Note 9: J-level: spec is 100% tested at +25˚C Typical Performance Characteristics (TA = +25˚C, AV = +2, VCC = ± 15V, unless specified) Non-Inverting Frequency Response Inverting Frequency Response DS012712-6 DS012712-7 5 www.national.com CLC431/432 Electrical Characteristics CLC431/432 Typical Performance Characteristics (TA = +25˚C, AV = +2, VCC = ± 15V, unless specified) (Continued) Frequency Response vs. Load Resistance Output Current DS012712-8 Gain Flatness & Linear Phase Deviation DS012712-9 Differential Gain and Phase at 3.58MHz DS012712-10 DS012712-11 Pulse Response Short-Term Settling Time DS012712-12 DS012712-13 www.national.com 6 CLC431/432 Typical Performance Characteristics (TA = +25˚C, AV = +2, VCC = ± 15V, unless specified) (Continued) Long-Term Settling Time Settling Time vs. Capacitive Load DS012712-15 DS012712-14 Turn-Off/ On Time (CLC431) Open-Loop Transimpedance DS012712-16 DS012712-17 CMRR, PSRR and Closed-Loop RO Off-Isolation during Disable (CLC431) DS012712-19 DS012712-18 7 www.national.com CLC431/432 Typical Performance Characteristics (TA = +25˚C, AV = +2, VCC = ± 15V, unless specified) (Continued) Typical DC Errors vs. Temperature Equivalent Input Noise DS012712-21 DS012712-20 2nd and 3rd Harmonic distortion 2-Tone, 3rd-Order Intermod. Intercept DS012712-22 Recommended Rfvs. Gain (CLC432) DS012712-23 Recommended Rfvs. Gain (CLC431) DS012712-24 www.national.com DS012712-25 8 CLC431/432 Typical Performance Characteristics (TA = +25˚C, AV = +2, VCC = ± 15V, unless specified) (Continued) Recommended Rfvs. VCC (AV = +2) DS012712-26 Application Division Introduction The CLC431 and the CLC432 are dual wideband current-feedback op amps that operate from single (+10V to +33V) or dual ( ± 5V to ± 16.5) power supplies. The CLC431 is equipped with a disable feature and is offered in 14-dip DIP and SOIC packages. The CLC432 is packaged in a standard 8-pin dual pinout and is offered in an 8-pin DIP and SOIC. Evaluation boards are available for each version of both devices. The evaluation boards can assist in the device and/or application evaluation and were used to generate the typical device performance plots on the preceding pages. Each of the CLC431/CLC432’s dual channels provide closely matched DC & AC electrical performance characteristics making them ideal choices for wideband signal processing. The CLC431, with its disable features, can easily be configured as a 2:1 mux or several can be used to form a 10:1 mux without performance degradation. The two closely-matched channels of the CLC432 can be combined to form composite circuits for such applications as filter blocks, integrators, transimpedance amplifiers and differential line drives and receivers. Feedback Resistor Selection The loop gain and frequency response for a current-feedback operational amplifier is determined largely by the feedback resistor (Rf). Package parasitic also influence ac response. Since the package parasitics of the CLC431 and the CLC4332 are different, the optimum frequency and phase response are obtained with different values of feedback resistor (for AV = +2; CLC431: Rf = 866Ω, CLC432: Rf = 750Ω). The Electrical Characteristics and Typical Performance plot are valid for both devices under the specified conditions. Generally, lowering Rf from its recommended value will peak the frequency response and extended the bandwidth while increasing its value will roll off the response. Reducing the value of Rf too far below its recommended value will cause overshoot, ringing and eventually oscillation. For more information see Application Note OA-20 and OA-13. In order to minimize the devices’ frequency and phase response for gains other than +2V/V it is recommended to adjust the value of the feedback resistor. The two plots found in the Typical Performance section entitled “Recommended Rf vs. Gain” provide the means of selecting the feedback-resistor value that optimizes frequency and phase response over the CLC431/CLC432’s gain range. Both pots show the value of Rf approaching a nonzero minimum at high non-inverting gains, which is characteristic of current-feedback op amps and yields best results. The linear portion of the two Rf vs. Inverting-gain curves results from the limitation placed on Rg (i.e. Rg ≥ 50Ω) in order to maintain an adequate input impedance for the inverting configuration. It should be noted that for stable operation a non-inverting gain of +1 requires an Rf equal to 1kΩ for both the CLC431 and the CLC4332. CLC431 Disable Feature The CLC431 disable feature can be operated either single-endedly or differentially thereby accommodating a wide range of logic families. There are three pins associated with the disable feature of each of the CLC431’s two amplifiers: DIS,DIS and VRTTL (please see pinout on front page). Also note that both amplifiers are guaranteed to be enabled if all three of these pins are unconnected. Figure 1 illustrates the single-ended mode of the CLC431’s disable feature for logic families such as TTL and CMOS. In order to operate properly, VRTTL must be grounded, thereby biasing DIS to approximately +1.4V through the two internal series diodes. For single-ended operation, DIS should be left floating. Applying a TTL or CMOS logic “high” (i.e. > 2.0Volts) to DIS will switch the tail current of the differential pair to Q1 and “shut down” Q2 which results in the disabling of that channel of the CLC431. Alternatively, applying a logic “low” (i.e. < 0.8Volts) to DIS will switch the tail current from Q1 to Q2 effectively enabling that channel. If DIS is left floating under single-ended operation, then the associated amplifier is guaranteed to be disabled. 9 www.national.com CLC431/432 Application Division (Continued) Vnon-inv + Vinv +VCC Vout +VCC +VCC 100kΩ TTL CMOS 100kΩ DIS DIS Q2 Q1 VRTTL ½CLC431 DS012712-27 FIGURE 1. The disable feature of the CLC431 is such that DIS and DIS have common-mode input voltage ranges of (+VCC) to (−VCC+3V) and are so guaranteed over the commercial temperature range. Internal clamps (not shown) protect the DIS input from excessive input voltages that could otherwise cause damage to the device. This condition occurs when enough source current flows into the node so as to allow DIS to rise to VCC. This clamp is activated once DIS exceeds DIS by 1.5Volts and guarantees that VDIS(ground referenced) does not exceed 4.7Volts. Vnon-inv + Vinv +VCC Vout +VCC +VCC 100kΩ TTL CMOS 100kΩ DIS DIS Q1 Q2 VRTTL ½CLC431 DS012712-27 FIGURE 2. Figure 2 illustrates the differential mode of the CLC431’s disable feature for ECL-type logic. In order for this mode to operate properly, VRTTL must be left floating while DIS and DIS are to be connected directly to the ECL gate as illustrated. Applying a differential logic “high” (DIS - DIS ≥ 0.4Volts) switches the tail current of the differential pair from Q2 to Q1 and results in the disabling of that CLC431 channel. Alternatively, applying a differential logic “low” (DIS - DIS ≤ −0.4Volts) switches the tail current of the differential pair from Q1 to Q2 and results in the enabling of that same channel. The internal clamp, mentioned above, also protects against excessive differential voltages up to 30 Volts while limiting input currents to < 3mA. www.national.com DC Performance A current-feedback amplifier’s input stage does not have equal nor correlated bias currents, therefore they cannot be cancelled and each contributes to the total DC offset voltage at the output by the following equation: Voffset = ± Ibn ∗R s R 1 + f + Vio R g R 1 + f + Ibi ∗R f R g (1) The input resistor Rs is that resistance seen when looking from the non-inverting input back towards the source. For inverting DC-offset calculations, the source resistance seen 10 Figure 3 illustrates the connections necessary to configure the CLC431 as a 2:1 multiplexer in a 75Ω. Each of the two CLC431’s amplifiers is configured with a non-inverting gain of +2V/V using 634Ω feedback (Rf) and gain-setting (Rg) resistors . The feedback resistor value is lower than that recommended in order to compensate for the reduction of loop-gain that results from the inclusion of the 50Ω resistor (Rj) in the feedback loop. The 50Ω resistor serves to insolate the output of the active channel from the impedance of inactive channel yet does not affect the low output impedance channel. Notice that for proper operation VRTTL 1(pin 13) is grounded and VRTTL2 (pin 9) is unconnected. The pins associated with the disable feature are to be connected as follows: DIS1 and DIS2 (pins 3 & 10) are connected together as well as DIS2 and DIS1 (pins 5 & 12). Channel 1 is selected with the application of a logic “low” to SELECT while a logic “high” selects Channel 2. (Continued) by the input resistor Rg must be included in the output offset calculation as a part of the non-inverting gain equation. Application note OA-7 gives several circuits for DC offset correction. Layout Considerations It is recommended that the decoupling capacitors (0.1µF ceramic and 6.8µF electrolytic) should be placed as close as possible to the power supply pins to insure a proper high-frequency low impedance bypass. Careful attention to circuit board layout is also necessary for best performance. Of particular importance is the control of parasitic capacitances (to ground) at the output and inverting input pins. See CLC431/CLC432 Evaluation Board literature for more information. Applications Circuit 2:1 Video Mux (CLC431) Rg 634Ω Rf 634Ω 75Ω ½CLC431 Channel 1 3 12 Ri 13 50Ω Rs SELECT NC 10 Channel 2 75Ω 5 ½CLC431 Vout 75Ω Ri RL 75Ω 9 50Ω 634Ω Optional Rf Rg 1kΩ 634Ω -15V DS012712-30 FIGURE 3. The optional 1kΩ pull-down resistor connected from the output of the 2:1 mux to the negative power supply (−VCC) results in improved differential gain and phase performance (0.02% and 0.01˚) at PAL video levels. Switched Gain Amplifier (CLC431) As seen from the front page, the CLC431 can also be configured as a switched-gain amplifier that is similar to the 2:1 mux. Configuring each of the two CLC431’s amplifiers with different non-inverting gains and tying the two inputs together (eliminating one of the input-terminating resistors) allows the CLC431 to switch an input signal between two different gains. Inactive Channel Impedances (CLC431) The impedance that is seen when looking into the output of a disabled CLC431 is typically represented as 1MΩ\16pF. The inverting input impedance becomes very high, essentially open. Therefore, the impedance presented by a disabled channel is (Rf+ Rg)\ (Rj + (1MΩ\16pF)) as illustrated in Figure 4. Its should also be noted that any trace capacitance that is associated with the common output connection will add in parallel to that presented by the CLC431’s inactive channel. 11 www.national.com CLC431/432 Application Division CLC431/432 Application Division (Continued) DS012712-31 FIGURE 4. Twisted-Pair Driver Twisted-pair cables are used in many applications such as telephony, video and data communications. The CLC432’s two matched channels make it well suited for such applications and is illustrated in Figure 5 DS012712-32 FIGURE 5. www.national.com 12 Notice that one of the CLC432’s channels buffers the CCD output while the other channel is configured with both an inverting DC gain and an AC gain in order to achieve the overall transfer function shown in Figure 6 (Continued) CCD Amplifier The CLC432 can easily be configured as 10MSPS CCD amplifier with DC level shifting as illustrated in Figure 6. DS012712-33 FIGURE 6. 13 www.national.com CLC431/432 Application Division CLC431/432 Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted 8-Pin SOIC NS Package Number M08A 8-Pin MDIP NS Package Number N08E www.national.com 14 CLC431/432 Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted (Continued) 14-Pin SOIC NS Package Number M14A 14-Pin SOIC NS Package Number M14B 15 www.national.com CLC431/432 Dual Wideband Monolithic Op Amp with Disable Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted (Continued) 14-Pin MDIP NS Package Number N14A LIFE SUPPORT POLICY NATIONAL’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT AND GENERAL COUNSEL OF NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein: 1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body, or (b) support or sustain life, and whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury to the user. National Semiconductor Corporation Americas Tel: 1-800-272-9959 Fax: 1-800-737-7018 Email: [email protected] www.national.com National Semiconductor Europe Fax: +49 (0) 180-530 85 86 Email: [email protected] Deutsch Tel: +49 (0) 69 9508 6208 English Tel: +44 (0) 870 24 0 2171 Français Tel: +33 (0) 1 41 91 8790 2. A critical component is any component of a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support device or system, or to affect its safety or effectiveness. National Semiconductor Asia Pacific Customer Response Group Tel: 65-2544466 Fax: 65-2504466 Email: [email protected] National Semiconductor Japan Ltd. Tel: 81-3-5639-7560 Fax: 81-3-5639-7507 National does not assume any responsibility for use of any circuitry described, no circuit patent licenses are implied and National reserves the right at any time without notice to change said circuitry and specifications.