19-2615; Rev 0; 10/02 MAX1945 Evaluation Kit Features ♦ 0.970in x 0.840in Circuit Footprint ♦ 2.6V to 5.5V Input Range ♦ Output Voltage 1.8V/2.5V Preset 0.8V to 0.85x VIN Adjustable ♦ Provides Up to 6A Output Current ♦ ±4% Voltage Margining ♦ Internal Power Switch and Synchronous Rectifier ♦ 500kHz/1MHz PWM Selectable Switching Frequency ♦ SYNC Input: Synchronizes from 400kHz to 1.2MHz TTL/CMOS Clock ♦ SYNC Output: Drives 2nd MAX1945 Switching 180 Degrees Out-of-Phase Component List DESIGNATION QTY C1 C2 1 1 DESCRIPTION 180µF ±20%, 4V polymer capacitor (7.3 x 4.3) Panasonic EEFUE0G181R 0.1µF ±10%, 10V X7R ceramic capacitors (0603) AVX 0603ZC104KAT 1 0.22µF ±10%, 6.3V X7R ceramic capacitor (0603) AVX 06036C224KAT C5 1 100pF ±5%, 50V COG ceramic capacitor (0603) TDK C1608COG1H101JT C8 1 1µF ±10%, 16V X7R ceramic capacitor (1206) TDK C3216X7R1C105KT C4 1 100mA, 30V Schottky diode (SOD-523) Central Semiconductor CMOSH-3 J1 1 Scope probe connector FCI 33JR135-1 JU1, JU2, JU3 3 2-pin headers D1 ♦ Fully Assembled and Tested 100µF ±20%, 8V polymer capacitor (7.3 x 4.3) Panasonic EEFUE0K101R 3 C3, C6, C7 ♦ All Surface-Mount Components Ordering Information PART MAX1945EVKIT TEMP RANGE IC PACKAGE 0°C to +70°C 28 TSSOP-EP* *EP = Exposed pad. Quick Start Required Equipment The following equipment is required before beginning: • One 2.6V to 5.5V power supply capable of providing 5A • One voltmeter The MAX1945 EV kit is fully assembled and tested. Follow these steps to verify board operation. Do not turn on the power supply until all connections are completed: 1.8V Output Voltage (Nominal) 1) Verify that jumpers JU1 (CTL1) and JU2 (CTL2) do not have shunts across their respective pins. 2) Verify that a shunt is across the pins of jumper JU3 (SYNC). 3) Verify that jumper JU4 (FBSEL, 1.8V) has a shunt installed across pins 2 and 3. 4) Connect the voltmeter to the VOUT and PGND pads. ________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim/Dallas Direct! at 1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxim’s website at www.maxim-ic.com. 1 Evaluates: MAX1945 General Description The MAX1945 evaluation kit (EV kit) is a fully assembled and tested surface-mount circuit board that contains a high-efficiency step-down switching-regulator circuit for applications requiring on-board postregulation. The circuit utilizes a MAX1945R regulator featuring ±4% voltage margining and is configured for a 1.8V output voltage. The circuit provides up to 6A of current. A 2.6V to 5.5V DC source can be utilized to power the circuit’s input. The MAX1945R IC features an internal power MOSFET switch and an internal synchronous rectifier. The MAX1945 EV kit provides connections for the SYNC input. It also provides an output to synchronize another MAX1945 EV kit clock 180 degrees out-of-phase. Pulsewidth modulated (PWM) operation at 500kHz allows the use of tiny surface-mount components. Evaluates: MAX1945 MAX1945 Evaluation Kit Component List (continued) DESIGNATION QTY DESCRIPTION JU4 1 3-pin header L1 1 1.2µH, 9A inductor Sumida CDRH8D43 4783-T010 R1 1 0Ω ±5% resistor (0603) R2 0 Not installed, resistor (0603) R3 1 180kΩ ±5% resistor (0603) R4 1 10Ω ±5% resistor (0805) R5, R6, R7 3 100kΩ ±5% resistors (0603) U1 1 MAX1945REUI, 28-pin TSSOP-EP None 4 Shunts (JU1–JU4) None 1 MAX1945 PC board 5) Connect the 2.6VDC to 5.5VDC power supply to the VIN pad. Connect the supply ground to the PGND pad. 6) Turn on the power supply and verify that the output voltage at VOUT is 1.8V. For instructions on selecting the feedback resistors for other output voltages, see the Evaluating Other Output Voltages section. down features are controlled by two multifeature jumpers (JU1, JU2). The output voltage can be configured to operate at 1.8V (nominal), 1.87V (+4%), or 1.73V (-4%). The MAX1945R IC in a TSSOP-EP package features an internal power MOSFET switch and an internal synchronous rectifier. The EV kit’s four-layer PC board has copper pads under the IC and vias connecting to the PGND layer (layer 2) to dissipate heat away from the IC. This enables the EV kit to operate at high current ratings. The MAX1945 EV kit is configured to switch at 500kHz. The EV kit can be reconfigured to switch at 1MHz or use an external TTL/CMOS digital clock source. PC board pads are provided for the MAX1945 IC’s SYNC input and SYNCOUT signals. A second MAX1945 EV kit’s SYNC input can be fed from the SYNCOUT signal. This enables the second MAX1945 to switch 180 degrees out-of-phase relative to the first MAX1945R IC. The EV kit features an oscilloscope jack on the output to provide accurate voltage transient response and output ripple measurement. Jumper Selection The MAX1945 EV kit contains a step-down switchingregulator circuit providing 1.8V and up to 6A at the output. The circuit can be powered from a DC power supply with an input range of 2.6V to 5.5V and supply up to 5A of current. Shutdown Mode/Voltage Margining Control The MAX1945 EV kit has two jumpers providing multifeature configurations. JU1 and JU2 configure the shutdown mode that reduces the MAX1945 quiescent current and voltage-margining modes. The voltagemargining modes allow the output to be shifted to a higher or lower supply tolerance. Table 1 lists the selectable jumper options for the shutdown and voltage-margining modes. The circuit utilizes a MAX1945R regulator IC with ±4% voltage margining and is configured for a 1.8V output. The output voltage is set to 1.8V by JU4 (FBSEL), external divider resistor R1, and the MAX1945R internal resistor-dividers. The output can be reconfigured for other output voltages. The voltage margining and shut- Synchronization and Frequency Selection The MAX1945 EV kit provides a jumper to select the switching frequency of the MAX1945R IC. Additionally, the MAX1945R can be synchronized to an external TTL/CMOS digital clock. JU3 selects the switching frequency or synchronization source for the MAX1945R. Detailed Description Component Suppliers PHONE FAX AVX SUPPLIER 843-946-0238 843-626-3123 www.avxcorp.com WEBSITE Central Semiconductor 631-435-1110 631-435-1824 www.centralsemi.com Panasonic 714-373-7366 714-737-7323 www.panasonic.com Sumida USA 847-545-6700 847-545-6720 www.sumida.com TDK 847-803-6100 847-390-4405 www.component.tdk.com Note: Please indicate that you are using the MAX1945 when contacting these component suppliers. 2 _______________________________________________________________________________________ MAX1945 Evaluation Kit IC CTL1 PIN JUMPER JU1 (SHUNT) IC CTL2 PIN JUMPER JU2 (SHUNT) MAX1945 EV KIT OUTPUT VOLTAGE Connected to VCC (none) Connected to VCC (none) 1.8V (nominal output) MAX1945 is enabled Connected to GND (installed) Connected to VCC (none) 1.87V (+4% voltage margining MAX1945 is enabled Connected to VCC (none) Connected to GND (installed) 1.73V (-4% voltage margining) MAX1945 is enabled Connected to GND (installed) Connected to GND (installed) 0V (output is OFF) Table 2. Jumper JU3 Functions MAX1945 FREQUENCY SHUNT LOCATION SYNC PIN None Connected to VCC 1MHz switching frequency Installed Connected to GND 500kHz switching frequency None; external clock source Connected to SYNC PC board pad External TTL/CMOS digital clock provides synchronization Table 2 lists the jumper options. Clock Selection (SYNC Input) The MAX1945 EV kit’s circuit can be synchronized to an external TTL/CMOS digital clock using the SYNC and GND PC board pads. The external clock provides a square wave with the following signal specifications: • Output voltage: Logic high = 1.6V (min) to 5V (max) Logic low = 0V (min) to 0.4V (max) • Output frequency: 400kHz to 1.2MHz • Duty cycle: 10% to 90% JU3 must be reconfigured for the external clock (see Table 2). MAX1945 STATUS MAX1945 is in shutdown mode Dual Power-Supply Design (SYNCOUT) The MAX1945 EV kit features a PC board pad for the SYNCOUT signal connection to evaluate a dual postregulated power-supply design. Utilizing the SYNCOUT signal as a TTL/CMOS digital clock to drive a second MAX1945 EV kit enables the second MAX1945R to switch 180 degrees out-of-phase relative to the first EV kit. The second MAX1945 EV kit’s SYNC input is driven by the SYNCOUT of the first EV kit. JU3 must be properly configured on both EV kits. The first MAX1945 EV kit should be configured for 500kHz switching frequency. The second EV kit must be configured for an external TTL/CMOS digital clock (see Table 2). Use the GND pad near the SYNC and SYNCOUT pads on both EV kits for the clock GND. Output Voltage Selection The MAX1945 EV kit provides a jumper to select the output voltage that the EV kit can provide. JU4 configures the EV kit for outputs of 1.8V, 2.5V, or an output voltage determined by the R1 and R2 resistor-divider. Table 3 lists the jumper options. Evaluating Other Output Voltages The MAX1945 EV kit step-down switching regulator output is set to 1.8V by an internal feedback resistor pair, resistor R1, and JU4. To generate output voltages other than 1.8V (0.8V to 0.85x VIN), select different external voltage-divider resistors R1 and R2. JU4 must also be reconfigured. See Table 3 for configuring the EV kit for other output voltages. Refer to the Setting the Output Voltages section in the MAX1945 data sheet for instructions on selecting feedback resistors R1, R2, and compensation components R3 and C5. _______________________________________________________________________________________ 3 Evaluates: MAX1945 Table 1. Jumpers JU1, JU2 Functions Evaluates: MAX1945 MAX1945 Evaluation Kit Table 3. Jumper JU4 Functions SHUNT LOCATION FBSEL PIN 1, 2 Connected to VCC Connected to VOUT FB PIN 2.5V, resistor R1 = 0Ω MAX1945 EV KIT OUTPUT 2, 3 Connected to GND Connected to VOUT 1.8V, resistor R1 = 0Ω None* Floating* VOUT regulates when FB pin is 0.8V* Output voltage set by resistors R1, R2* *See the Evaluating Other Output Voltages section. 3 5 7 9 C3 0.1µF LX LX LX LX LX LX LX LX 1 BST FB D1 PGND 2 V DD PGND 4 IN VCC PGND 6 IN PGND 8 IN R4 10Ω VIN FBSEL 10 IN PGND C1 100µF 8V 26 1.2µH PGND R1 0Ω 20 15 25 R2 OPEN 23 21 19 16 VCC 1 2 JU4 VCC R5 100kΩ VCC 27 CTL1 JU1 VCC 11 C6 0.1µF 12 13 R3 180kΩ C4 0.22µF 1 J1 22 3 MAX1945 C2 180µF 4V 2 24 U1 C7 C8 1µF 0.1µF VOUT L1 14 VCC R6 100kΩ VCC 28 CTL2 JU2 GND R7 100kΩ SYNC 17 REF SYNC SYNCOUT 18 SYNCOUT JU3 COMP C5 100pF Figure 1. MAX1945 EV Kit Schematic 4 _______________________________________________________________________________________ GND MAX1945 Evaluation Kit Figure 3. MAX1945 EV Kit Component Placement Guide— Component Side Figure 4. MAX1945 EV Kit PC Board Layout—Component Side Figure 5. MAX1945 EV Kit PC Board Layout—Inner Layer, Ground Plane _______________________________________________________________________________________ Evaluates: MAX1945 Figure 2. MAX1945 EV Kit Component Placement Guide— Solder Side 5 Evaluates: MAX1945 MAX1945 Evaluation Kit Figure 6. MAX1945 EV Kit PC Board Layout—Inner Layer, Power Plane Figure 7. MAX1945 EV Kit PC Board Layout—Solder Side Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. 6 _____________________Maxim Integrated Products, 120 San Gabriel Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 408-737-7600 © 2002 Maxim Integrated Products Printed USA is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products.