CY7C9335 SMPTE-259M/DVB-ASI Descrambler/Framer-Controller Features The inputs of the CY7C9335 are designed to be directly mated to a CY7B9334 HOTLink receiver, which converts the SMPTE-259M compatible high-speed serial data stream into 10-bit parallel characters. • Fully compatible with SMPTE-259M — SMPTE-125M compliant for 4:2:2 component video — SMPTE-244M compliant for 4fsc composite video • Fully compatible with DVB-ASI • Operates from a single +5V or −5V supply • 100-pin TQFP package • Decodes 10-bit parallel digital streams for any rate from 16−40 M characters/sec (160−400 Mbits/sec serial) • Operates with CY7B9334 SMPTE HOTLink™ deserializer/receiver • X9 + X4 + 1 descrambler and NRZI-to-NRZ decoder may be bypassed for raw data output This device performs both TRS (sync) detection and framing, data descrambling with the SMPTE-259M X9 + X4 + 1 algorithm, and NRZI-to-NRZ decoding. These functions operate at any character rate from 16 to 40 MHz. For those systems operating with non-SMPTE-259M compliant video streams (or for diagnostic purposes), the descrambler and NRZI decoding functions can be disabled. DVB-ASI Operation The CY7C9335 also contains the necessary multiplexers, control inputs and outputs, to control a DVB-ASI compliant video stream. DVB-ASI operation is enabled through activation of a single input signal. This allows a single serial-to-parallel input port to support both SMPTE and DVB data streams under software or hardware control. Functional Description SMPTE-259M Operation The CY7C9335 is a CMOS integrated circuit designed to decode SMPTE-125M and SMPTE-244M bit-parallel digital characters (or other data formats) using the SMPTE-259M decoding rules. Following decoding, the characters are framed by locating the 30-bit TRS pattern in the parallel character stream. The framed characters are then output. In DVB-ASI mode the CY7C9335 automatically enables both the 8B/10B decoder and multi-byte framer present in the CY7B9334 receiver/deserializer. All error detection, fill, and command codes are detected and output by the CY7C9335. The CY7C9335 operates from a single +5V or −5V supply. It is available in a 100-pin TQFP space saving package. D2 D1 D 0( S C / D ) INPUT REGISTER D3 10 4 P D 9( S V S ) 10 PD8 P D7 10 OUTPUT REGISTER 11 D4 10 A/B MODE MULTIPLEXOR D5 19 RF OFFSET D6 TRS DETECTOR/FRAMER D7 SMPTE DESCRAMBLER D8 NRZI-TO-NRZ DECODER D 9( R V S ) BARREL SHIFTER Logic Block Diagram P D6 P D5 P D4 P D3 P D2 PD1 PD0(SC/D) SYNC_EN BYPASS H_SYNC DVB_EN SYNC_ERR CKR OE HOTLink is a trademark of Cypress Semiconductor Corporation. Cypress Semiconductor Corporation • 3901 North First Street • San Jose • CA 95134 • 408-943-2600 March 19, 1999 CY7C9335 Pin Configuration 100 99 98 97 96 95 94 93 92 91 90 89 88 87 86 85 84 83 82 81 80 79 78 77 76 NC V CC A/B RF NC D 9( R V S ) D8 D7 D6 D5 VCC VSS V SS VCC V SS D4 D3 D2 D1 D 0 (SC/D) NC NC NC VSS NC TQFP Top View 75 74 73 72 71 70 69 68 67 66 65 64 63 62 61 60 59 58 57 56 55 54 53 52 51 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 V SS V CC NC NC NC NC NC NC NC NC CKR V SS NC V CC V SS NC NC SYNC_ERR NC H_SYNC NC NC NC V SS NC NC V SS NC P D 9( R V S ) NC PD8 PD7 NC PD6 PD5 V SS V CC NC V SS V CC PD4 PD3 NC PD2 NC PD1 NC PD0(SC/D) V CC NC 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 V SS V SS NC NC NC NC NC NC NC OE V SS V CC NC V SS V SS BYPASS NC NC SYNC_EN NC NC DVB_EN NC V CC NC Maximum Ratings (Above which the useful life may be impaired. For user guidelines, not tested.) Static Discharge Voltage................................................>2001 V (per MIL-STD-883, Method 3015) Storage Temperature ..................................... −40°C to +125°C Latch-Up Current............................................................>200 mA Supply Voltage to Ground Potential..................−0.5V to +7.0V Operating Range DC Voltage Applied to Outputs in High-Z State.....................................................−0.5V to +7.0V Range Output Current Into Outputs ........................................ 16 mA Commercial DC Input Voltage .................................................−0.5V to +7.0V Industrial 2 Ambient Temperature VCC 0°C to +70°C 5V ± 5% −40°C to +85°C 5V ± 10% CY7C9335 Pin Descriptions CY7C9335 SMPTE-259M Decoder Name I/O Description BYPASS Input Bypass SMPTE decoding. BYPASS is ignored if DVB_EN is active (LOW). If BYPASS is HIGH at the rising edge of CKR (and DVB_EN is HIGH), the data latched into the input register is routed around both the NRZI decoder and the SMPTE descrambler and presented to the output register. If BYPASS is LOW at the rising edge of the CKR clock (and DVB_EN is HIGH), the data present in the input register is routed through the NRZI decoder and SMPTE scrambler. RF Output Reframe. This output is the inverted DVB-EN signal. A/B Output CY7B9334 Port Select. When in DVB-ASI mode, this output will alternately select either the INA± or INB± receiver port based on errors detected in the data stream. This allows CY7C9335 to operate with normal and inverted DVB-ASI data streams (as would be commonly found on DVB-ASI streams routed through SMPTE switches). This requires the CY7B9334 INA± and INB± inputs to be connected to the same signal, but with INB± connected to invert the signal. H_SYNC Output Horizontal Sync. This output toggles once every time that the TRS field is recognized. It changes state one clock cycle prior to the first character of the TRS field (3FF in 10-bit hex) appearing at the PD0−9 outputs. This output also toggles to indicate detection of a TRS sequence, even when the TRS characters are at a different offset from the present offset and SYNC_EN is active (HIGH). This toggling action is disabled when DVB_EN is active (LOW). SYNC_EN Input Sync Filtering Enabled. This input controls the operation of the SMPTE framer. When this signal is active (HIGH) and a TRS sequence is detected, if the 10-bit character boundary is different from the previously received TRS, the H_SYNC output is toggled, but the character offset is not updated. If the immediately following TRS also has a different offset, the H_SYNC output is again toggled and the character offset is updated to match that of the detected TRS sequence. When this signal is inactive (LOW), the framer will update the character offset and toggle H_SYNC on every detected TRS sequence. SYNC_ERR Output Sync Error. This output pulses HIGH for one CKR clock period when a TRS sequence is detected that is offset from its previous 10-bit character offset. This pulse starts at the same time as the H_SYNC signal toggles, but only occurs when SYNC_EN is active (HIGH) and the character offset is not updated. PD9(RVS) Output Parallel Data 9 or Received Violation Symbol. This is the MSB of the framed output data bus. It is latched in the output register at the rising edge of CKR. When DVB_EN is active (LOW), this output indicates that the character present on PD 8−0 identifies the type of error detected in the character stream. When DVB_EN is disabled (HIGH), the character in the output register bits PD9−0 is a descrambled and framed character of the SMPTE data stream. PD8−1 Output Parallel Data 8 through 1. The signals present at the PD8−1 outputs are latched in the output register at the rising edge of CKR. When DVB_EN is disabled (HIGH), these signals are the middle eight bits of the descrambled and framed SMPTE 10-bit data character. When DVB_EN is active (LOW), these signals are full DVB-ASI data bus. PD0(SC/D) Output Parallel Data 0 or Special Code/Data Select. This is the LSB of the output data field. It is latched in the output register at the rising edge of CKR. When DVB_EN is active (LOW), this output identifies that the character present in PD8−1 is either a command (HIGH) or data (LOW) character). When DVB_EN is inactive (HIGH), this output data bit is the LSB of the descrambled and framed SMPTE data character. D9(RVS) Input Input Bit 9. This is the MSB of the input register. It should be connected directly to the CY7B9334 deserializer output signal RVS(Qj). D8−1 Input Input Bits 8 through 1. These signals should be connected directly to the CY7B9334 deserializer output signals Q7−0 respectively. D0(SC/D) Input Input Bit 0. This is the LSB of the input register. It should be connected directly to the CY7B9334 deserializer output signal SC/D(Qa). DVB_EN Input DVB Mode Enable. This signal is sampled by the rising edge of the CKR clock. If DVB_EN is active (LOW), the data present on the D 0−9 inputs are latched and routed to the PD0−9 outputs. CKR Input Recovered Clock Read. This clock controls all synchronous operations of the CY7C9335. It operates at the character rate which is equivalent to one tenth the deserialized bit-rate. This clock is driven directly by the CKR output of the CY7B9334 deserializer. OE Input Output Enable. When this signal is HIGH all outputs are driven to their normal logic levels. When LOW, all outputs are placed in a High-Z state. 3 CY7C9335 Pin Descriptions (continued) CY7C9335 SMPTE-259M Decoder Name I/O Description VCC Power. VSS Ground. DVB-ASI Operation CY7C9335 Description The CY7C9335 is designed to operate in both SMPTE-259M and DVB-ASI environments. When operated in SMPTE-only environments, the DVB_EN inputs must be tied to V CC or driven HIGH. Input Register The input register is clocked by the rising edge of CKR. This register captures the data present at the D 0−9 inputs on every clock cycle. In addition to the data inputs, all control inputs except OE are also captured at each rising edge of CKR. This includes BYPASS, DVB_EN, and SYNC_EN. DVB-ASI operation is enabled by asserting DVB_EN LOW. This signal is latched by the rising edge of the CKR clock. When the CY7C9335 is placed in DVB mode, the SMPTE and NRZI decoders are bypassed, and the data latched into the input register is routed directly to the output register. NRZI-to-NRZ Decoder The data in the input register is routed through NRZI-to-NRZ decoder prior to being fed to the SMPTE scrambler. This removes the extra transitions added to data stream by the NRZI encoder at the transmit end of interface. Error Detected an dethe the Errors detected in the DVB-ASI data stream are indicated by the Q 9 bit being HIGH. The specific type of error is identified by the remaining Q8−0 bits in the output register. Command Code Reception SMPTE Descrambler The DVB-ASI interface does not normally transmit any command characters other than the K28.5 code that is used both for synchronization and as a fill character when data is not being transmitted. These K28.5 characters are normally received as C5.0 characters. If other command characters are also transmitted, these characters are identified by Q0 being HIGH, and by the bits present on Q8−1. Once the data has been converted back to NRZ, it is then routed through a linear feed-forward descrambler. It decodes the data present in the NRZ decode register using the X9 + X4 + 1 polynomial to remove the extra transitions added to the data stream at the transmit end of the interface. TRS Framer DVB Invert Controller The TRS Framer is used to detect all 30-bit TRS sequences (3FF, 000, 000 in 10-bit hex) in the character stream. Anytime this sequence is detected, the H_SYNC output toggles. DVB-ASI data streams are use 8B/10B encoded characters. If these characters are routed through SMPTE switches or repeaters, the signals may be inverted causing them to decode into incorrect or illegal characters. The CY7C9335 contains a state machine that, in conjunction with the CY7B9334 SMPTE HOTLink receiver, allows inverted DVB-ASI data streams to be decoded into their correct characters. This sequence is also used to frame the received characters so that the characters delivered to the output register are on their correct 10-bit boundaries. If SYNC_EN is disabled (LOW) and the TRS sequence is detected in the decoded data stream, the character offset register is set to match the offset of the TRS sequence, and both the TRS sequence and the following characters are output on their proper 10-bit boundaries. This state machine is only enabled when in DVB mode. It monitors the data stream for errors, and inverts the data stream at the CY7B9334 if it exceeds a preset statistical error rate. For this to operate the A/B output of the CY7C9335 needs to be connected to the A/B input of the CY7B9334 SMPTE HOTLink receiver (through the appropriate resistive divider). If SYNC_EN is enabled, and a TRS sequence is detected whose character offset does not match that in the offset register, an internal flag is set but the offset register is not updated. On the next consecutive TRS sequence this flag is cleared and the offset register is updated. If the CY7C9335 is not used for DVB-ASI operation, the A/B output may be left open. 4 CY7C9335 Electrical Characteristics Over the Operating Range Parameter Description Test Conditions VOH Output HIGH Voltage IOH = −3.2 mA, VCC = Min. VOL Output LOW Voltage IOL = 16.0 mA, VCC = Min VIH Input HIGH Voltage Note 1 VIL Input LOW Voltage IIX Input Load Current IOZ Output Leakage Current IOS Output Short Circuit Current [2, 3] Min. Max. Unit 2.4 V 0.5 V 2.0 7.0 V Note 1 −0.5 0.8 V GND ≤ VI ≤ VCC −10 +10 µA GND ≤ VO ≤ VCC, Output Disabled −50 +50 µA VCC = Max., VOUT = 0.5V −30 −160 mA Capacitance Parameter Description CIN Input Capacitance COUT Output Capacitance Test Conditions f = 1 MHz, VCC = 5.0V Max. Unit 10 pF 12 pF AC Test Loads and Waveforms TTL OUTPUTS ALL INPUT PULSES 238Ω 238Ω 3.0V 5V 5V 90% OUTPUT OUTPUT INCLUDING JIG AND SCOPE 5 pF 170Ω 35 pF (a) 170 90% 10% GND 10% < 2 ns INCLUDING JIG AND (b) SCOPE Equivalent to: THÉVENIN 99 Ω OUTPUT < 2 ns 7C9335–9 EQUIVALENT 2.08V Switching Characteristics Over the Operating Range Parameter Description CY7C9335-27 CY7C9335-40 Min. Min. Max. Max. Unit 15 ns tPD Input to Output (DVB_EN to RF only) tSD Input Data Set-Up Time to CKR 10 8 ns tHD Input Data Hold Time to CKR 0 0 ns tCPRH CKR Pulse Width HIGH 6.5 6.5 ns tCPRL CKR Pulse Width LOW 6.5 6.5 ns tCKR Read Clock Cycle 30 tA Output Access Time from CKR tH Output Hold Time from CKR tEA Input to Output Enable 20 62.5 25 10 4 ns 8 ns 3 24  62.5 ns 20 ns Input to Output Disable 24 20 ns tER Notes: 1. These are absolute values with respect to device ground. All overshoots with respect to system or tester noise are included. 2. Not more than one output should be tested at a time. Duration of the short circuit should not exceed 1 second. VOUT = 0.5V has been chosen to avoid test problems caused by tester ground degradation. 3. Tested initially and after any design or process changes that may effect these parameters. 4. All AC parameters are with all outputs switching. 5. The clock period may be extended by up to 90% for a single clock cycle when framing occurs in DVB-ASI mode. 6. Test load (b) used for this parameter. Test load (a) used for all other AC parameters. 5 CY7C9335 Switching Waveform tCKR tSD tHD D0−9, DVB_EN, BYPASS, SYNC_EN, CKR tCPRL tCPRH tA PD0−9, SYNC_ER H_SYNC, RF, A/B tPD tH tEA tER DVB_EN OE RF Ordering Information Ordering Code Package Name Package Type Operating Range CY7C9335-270AC A100 100-pin Thin Quad Flat Pack Commercial CY7C9335-400AC A100 100-pin Thin Quad Flat Pack Commercial Document #: 38-00572-B 6 CY7C9335 Package Diagram 100-Pin Thin Plastic Quad Flat Pack (TQFP) A100 51-85048-A © Cypress Semiconductor Corporation, 1999. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice. Cypress Semiconductor Corporation assumes no responsibility for the use of any circuitry other than circuitry embodied in a Cypress Semiconductor product. Nor does it convey or imply any license under patent or other rights. Cypress Semiconductor does not authorize its products for use as critical components in life-support systems where a malfunction or failure may reasonably be expected to result in significant injury to the user. The inclusion of Cypress Semiconductor products in life-support systems application implies that the manufacturer assumes all risk of such use and in doing so indemnifies Cypress Semiconductor against all charges.