ATMEL ATMEGA64_09

Features
• High-performance, Low-power AVR® 8-bit Microcontroller
• Advanced RISC Architecture
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
– 130 Powerful Instructions – Most Single Clock Cycle Execution
– 32 x 8 General Purpose Working Registers + Peripheral Control Registers
– Fully Static Operation
– Up to 16 MIPS Throughput at 16 MHz
– On-chip 2-cycle Multiplier
High Endurance Non-volatile Memory segments
– 64K Bytes of In-System Reprogrammable Flash program memory
– 2K Bytes EEPROM
– 4K Bytes Internal SRAM
– Write/Erase Cycles: 10,000 Flash/100,000 EEPROM
– Data retention: 20 years at 85°C/100 years at 25°C(1)
– Optional Boot Code Section with Independent Lock Bits
In-System Programming by On-chip Boot Program
True Read-While-Write Operation
– Up to 64K Bytes Optional External Memory Space
– Programming Lock for Software Security
– SPI Interface for In-System Programming
JTAG (IEEE std. 1149.1 Compliant) Interface
– Boundary-scan Capabilities According to the JTAG Standard
– Extensive On-chip Debug Support
– Programming of Flash, EEPROM, Fuses, and Lock Bits through the JTAG Interface
Peripheral Features
– Two 8-bit Timer/Counters with Separate Prescalers and Compare Modes
– Two Expanded 16-bit Timer/Counters with Separate Prescaler, Compare Mode, and
Capture Mode
– Real Time Counter with Separate Oscillator
– Two 8-bit PWM Channels
– 6 PWM Channels with Programmable Resolution from 1 to 16 Bits
– 8-channel, 10-bit ADC
8 Single-ended Channels
7 Differential Channels
2 Differential Channels with Programmable Gain (1x, 10x, 200x)
– Byte-oriented Two-wire Serial Interface
– Dual Programmable Serial USARTs
– Master/Slave SPI Serial Interface
– Programmable Watchdog Timer with On-chip Oscillator
– On-chip Analog Comparator
Special Microcontroller Features
– Power-on Reset and Programmable Brown-out Detection
– Internal Calibrated RC Oscillator
– External and Internal Interrupt Sources
– Six Sleep Modes: Idle, ADC Noise Reduction, Power-save, Power-down, Standby
and Extended Standby
– Software Selectable Clock Frequency
– ATmega103 Compatibility Mode Selected by a Fuse
– Global Pull-up Disable
I/O and Packages
– 53 Programmable I/O Lines
– 64-lead TQFP and 64-pad QFN/MLF
Operating Voltages
– 2.7 - 5.5V for ATmega64L
– 4.5 - 5.5V for ATmega64
Speed Grades
– 0 - 8 MHz for ATmega64L
– 0 - 16 MHz for ATmega64
8-bit
Microcontroller
with 64K Bytes
In-System
Programmable
Flash
ATmega64
ATmega64L
Summary
2490PS–AVR–07/09
Figure 1. Pinout ATmega64
TQFP/MLF
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
48
47
46
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
PA3 (AD3)
PA4 (AD4)
PA5 (AD5)
PA6 (AD6)
PA7 (AD7)
PG2(ALE)
PC7 (A15)
PC6 (A14)
PC5 (A13)
PC4 (A12)
PC3 (A11)
PC2 (A10
PC1 (A9)
PC0 (A8)
PG1(RD)
PG0(WR)
(OC2/OC1C) PB7
TOSC2/PG3
TOSC1/PG4
RESET
VCC
GND
XTAL2
XTAL1
(SCL/INT0) PD0
(SDA/INT1) PD1
(RXD1/INT2) PD2
(TXD1/INT3) PD3
(ICP1) PD4
(XCK1) PD5
(T1) PD6
(T2) PD7
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
PEN
RXD0/(PDI) PE0
(TXD0/PDO) PE1
(XCK0/AIN0) PE2
(OC3A/AIN1) PE3
(OC3B/INT4) PE4
(OC3C/INT5) PE5
(T3/INT6) PE6
(ICP3/INT7) PE7
(SS) PB0
(SCK) PB1
(MOSI) PB2
(MISO) PB3
(OC0) PB4
(OC1A) PB5
(OC1B) PB6
64
63
62
61
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
50
49
AVCC
GND
AREF
PF0 (ADC0)
PF1 (ADC1)
PF2 (ADC2)
PF3 (ADC3)
PF4 (ADC4/TCK)
PF5 (ADC5/TMS)
PF6 (ADC6/TDO)
PF7 (ADC7/TDI)
GND
VCC
PA0 (AD0)
PA1 (AD1)
PA2 (AD2)
Pin
Configuration
Note:
Disclaimer
2
The bottom pad under the QFN/MLF package should be soldered to ground.
Typical values contained in this data sheet are based on simulations and characterization of
other AVR microcontrollers manufactured on the same process technology. Min and Max values
will be available after the device is characterized.
ATmega64(L)
2490PS–AVR–07/09
ATmega64(L)
Overview
The ATmega64 is a low-power CMOS 8-bit microcontroller based on the AVR enhanced RISC architecture. By executing
powerful instructions in a single clock cycle, the ATmega64 achieves throughputs approaching 1 MIPS per MHz, allowing
the system designer to optimize power consumption versus processing speed.
Block Diagram
Figure 2. Block Diagram
PF0 - PF7
PA0 - PA7
PC0 - PC7
VCC
GND
PORTA DRIVERS
PORTF DRIVERS
PORTC DRIVERS
AVCC
DATA DIR.
REG. PORTF
DATA REGISTER
PORTF
DATA REGISTER
PORTA
DATA DIR.
REG. PORTA
DATA DIR.
REG. PORTC
DATA REGISTER
PORTC
8-BIT DATA BUS
XTAL1
AREF
CALIB. OSC
INTERNAL
OSCILLATOR
ADC
XTAL2
OSCILLATOR
PROGRAM
COUNTER
STACK
POINTER
WATCHDOG
TIMER
ON-CHIP DEBUG
PROGRAM
FLASH
SRAM
MCU CONTROL
REGISTER
BOUNDARYSCAN
INSTRUCTION
REGISTER
JTAG TAP
OSCILLATOR
TIMING AND
CONTROL
RESET
PEN
PROGRAMMING
LOGIC
INSTRUCTION
DECODER
CONTROL
LINES
TIMER/
COUNTERS
GENERAL
PURPOSE
REGISTERS
X
Y
Z
INTERRUPT
UNIT
ALU
EEPROM
STATUS
REGISTER
SPI
+
-
ANALOG
COMPARATOR
USART0
DATA REGISTER
PORTE
DATA DIR.
REG. PORTE
PORTE DRIVERS
PE0 - PE7
DATA REGISTER
PORTB
DATA DIR.
REG. PORTB
PORTB DRIVERS
PB0 - PB7
USART1
2-WIRE SERIAL
INTERFACE
DATA REGISTER
PORTD
DATA DIR.
REG. PORTD
DATA REG. DATA DIR.
PORTG REG. PORTG
PORTD DRIVERS
PORTG DRIVERS
PD0 - PD7
PG0 - PG4
The AVR core combines a rich instruction set with 32 general purpose working registers. All the 32 registers are directly
connected to the Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU), allowing two independent registers to be accessed in one single instruction
executed in one clock cycle. The resulting architecture is more code efficient while achieving throughputs up to ten times
faster than conventional CISC microcontrollers.
3
2490PS–AVR–07/09
The ATmega64 provides the following features: 64K bytes of In-System Programmable Flash
with Read-While-Write capabilities, 2K bytes EEPROM, 4K bytes SRAM, 53 general purpose I/O
lines, 32 general purpose working registers, Real Time Counter (RTC), four flexible Timer/Counters with compare modes and PWM, two USARTs, a byte oriented Two-wire Serial Interface, an
8-channel, 10-bit ADC with optional differential input stage with programmable gain, programmable Watchdog Timer with internal Oscillator, an SPI serial port, IEEE std. 1149.1 compliant
JTAG test interface, also used for accessing the On-chip Debug system and programming, and
six software selectable power saving modes. The Idle mode stops the CPU while allowing the
SRAM, Timer/Counters, SPI port, and interrupt system to continue functioning. The Power-down
mode saves the register contents but freezes the Oscillator, disabling all other chip functions
until the next interrupt or Hardware Reset. In Power-save mode, the asynchronous timer continues to run, allowing the user to maintain a timer base while the rest of the device is sleeping.
The ADC Noise Reduction mode stops the CPU and all I/O modules except asynchronous timer
and ADC, to minimize switching noise during ADC conversions. In Standby mode, the crystal/resonator Oscillator is running while the rest of the device is sleeping. This allows very fast
start-up combined with low power consumption. In Extended Standby mode, both the main
Oscillator and the asynchronous timer continue to run.
The device is manufactured using Atmel’s high-density non-volatile memory technology. The
On-chip ISP Flash allows the program memory to be reprogrammed In-System through an SPI
serial interface, by a conventional non-volatile memory programmer, or by an On-chip Boot program running on the AVR core. The Boot Program can use any interface to download the
Application Program in the Application Flash memory. Software in the Boot Flash section will
continue to run while the Application Flash section is updated, providing true Read-While-Write
operation. By combining an 8-bit RISC CPU with In-System Self-Programmable Flash on a
monolithic chip, the Atmel ATmega64 is a powerful microcontroller that provides a highly-flexible
and cost-effective solution to many embedded control applications.
The ATmega64 AVR is supported with a full suite of program and system development tools
including: C compilers, macro assemblers, program debugger/simulators, In-Circuit Emulators,
and evaluation kits.
ATmega103 and
ATmega64
Compatibility
The ATmega64 is a highly complex microcontroller where the number of I/O locations supersedes the 64 I/O location reserved in the AVR instruction set. To ensure backward compatibility
with the ATmega103, all I/O locations present in ATmega103 have the same location in
ATmega64. Most additional I/O locations are added in an Extended I/O space starting from 0x60
to 0xFF (i.e., in the ATmega103 internal RAM space). These location can be reached by using
LD/LDS/LDD and ST/STS/STD instructions only, not by using IN and OUT instructions. The relocation of the internal RAM space may still be a problem for ATmega103 users. Also, the
increased number of Interrupt Vectors might be a problem if the code uses absolute addresses.
To solve these problems, an ATmega103 compatibility mode can be selected by programming
the fuse M103C. In this mode, none of the functions in the Extended I/O space are in use, so the
internal RAM is located as in ATmega103. Also, the extended Interrupt Vectors are removed.
The ATmega64 is 100% pin compatible with ATmega103, and can replace the ATmega103 on
current printed circuit boards. The application notes “Replacing ATmega103 by ATmega128”
and “Migration between ATmega64 and ATmega128” describes what the user should be aware
of replacing the ATmega103 by an ATmega128 or ATmega64.
4
ATmega64(L)
2490PS–AVR–07/09
ATmega64(L)
ATmega103
Compatibility Mode
By programming the M103C Fuse, the ATmega64 will be compatible with the ATmega103
regards to RAM, I/O pins and Interrupt Vectors as described above. However, some new features in ATmega64 are not available in this compatibility mode, these features are listed below:
•
One USART instead of two, asynchronous mode only. Only the eight least significant bits of
the Baud Rate Register is available.
•
One 16 bits Timer/Counter with two compare registers instead of two 16 bits Timer/Counters
with three compare registers.
•
Two-wire serial interface is not supported.
•
Port G serves alternate functions only (not a general I/O port).
•
Port F serves as digital input only in addition to analog input to the ADC.
•
Boot Loader capabilities is not supported.
•
It is not possible to adjust the frequency of the internal calibrated RC Oscillator.
•
The External Memory Interface can not release any Address pins for general I/O, neither
configure different wait states to different External Memory Address sections.
•
Only EXTRF and PORF exist in the MCUCSR Register.
•
No timed sequence is required for Watchdog Timeout change.
•
Only low-level external interrupts can be used on four of the eight External Interrupt sources.
•
Port C is output only.
•
USART has no FIFO buffer, so Data OverRun comes earlier.
•
The user must have set unused I/O bits to 0 in ATmega103 programs.
Pin Descriptions
VCC
Digital supply voltage.
GND
Ground.
Port A (PA7..PA0)
Port A is an 8-bit bi-directional I/O port with internal pull-up resistors (selected for each bit). The
Port A output buffers have symmetrical drive characteristics with both high sink and source
capability. As inputs, Port A pins that are externally pulled low will source current if the pull-up
resistors are activated. The Port A pins are tri-stated when a reset condition becomes active,
even if the clock is not running.
Port A also serves the functions of various special features of the ATmega64 as listed on page
73.
Port B (PB7..PB0)
Port B is an 8-bit bi-directional I/O port with internal pull-up resistors (selected for each bit). The
Port B output buffers have symmetrical drive characteristics with both high sink and source
capability. As inputs, Port B pins that are externally pulled low will source current if the pull-up
resistors are activated. The Port B pins are tri-stated when a reset condition becomes active,
even if the clock is not running.
Port B also serves the functions of various special features of the ATmega64 as listed on page
74.
5
2490PS–AVR–07/09
Port C (PC7..PC0)
Port C is an 8-bit bi-directional I/O port with internal pull-up resistors (selected for each bit). The
Port C output buffers have symmetrical drive characteristics with both high sink and source
capability. As inputs, Port C pins that are externally pulled low will source current if the pull-up
resistors are activated. The Port C pins are tri-stated when a reset condition becomes active,
even if the clock is not running.
Port C also serves the functions of special features of the ATmega64 as listed on page 77. In
ATmega103 compatibility mode, Port C is output only, and the port C pins are not tri-stated
when a reset condition becomes active.
Port D (PD7..PD0)
Port D is an 8-bit bi-directional I/O port with internal pull-up resistors (selected for each bit). The
Port D output buffers have symmetrical drive characteristics with both high sink and source
capability. As inputs, Port D pins that are externally pulled low will source current if the pull-up
resistors are activated. The Port D pins are tri-stated when a reset condition becomes active,
even if the clock is not running.
Port D also serves the functions of various special features of the ATmega64 as listed on page
78.
Port E (PE7..PE0)
Port E is an 8-bit bi-directional I/O port with internal pull-up resistors (selected for each bit). The
Port E output buffers have symmetrical drive characteristics with both high sink and source
capability. As inputs, Port E pins that are externally pulled low will source current if the pull-up
resistors are activated. The Port E pins are tri-stated when a reset condition becomes active,
even if the clock is not running.
Port E also serves the functions of various special features of the ATmega64 as listed on page
81.
Port F (PF7..PF0)
Port F serves as the analog inputs to the A/D Converter.
Port F also serves as an 8-bit bi-directional I/O port, if the A/D Converter is not used. Port pins
can provide internal pull-up resistors (selected for each bit). The Port F output buffers have symmetrical drive characteristics with both high sink and source capability. As inputs, Port F pins
that are externally pulled low will source current if the pull-up resistors are activated. The Port F
pins are tri-stated when a reset condition becomes active, even if the clock is not running. If the
JTAG interface is enabled, the pull-up resistors on pins PF7(TDI), PF5(TMS) and PF4(TCK) will
be activated even if a reset occurs.
The TDO pin is tri-stated unless TAP states that shift out data are entered.
Port F also serves the functions of the JTAG interface.
In ATmega103 compatibility mode, Port F is an input port only.
Port G (PG4..PG0)
Port G is a 5-bit bi-directional I/O port with internal pull-up resistors (selected for each bit). The
Port G output buffers have symmetrical drive characteristics with both high sink and source
capability. As inputs, Port G pins that are externally pulled low will source current if the pull-up
resistors are activated. The Port G pins are tri-stated when a reset condition becomes active,
even if the clock is not running.
Port G also serves the functions of various special features.
In ATmega103 compatibility mode, these pins only serves as strobes signals to the external
memory as well as input to the 32 kHz Oscillator, and the pins are initialized to PG0 = 1,
PG1 = 1, and PG2 = 0 asynchronously when a reset condition becomes active, even if the clock
is not running. PG3 and PG4 are Oscillator pins.
6
ATmega64(L)
2490PS–AVR–07/09
ATmega64(L)
RESET
Reset input. A low level on this pin for longer than the minimum pulse length will generate a
reset, even if the clock is not running. The minimum pulse length is given in Table 19 on page
52. Shorter pulses are not guaranteed to generate a reset.
XTAL1
Input to the inverting Oscillator amplifier and input to the internal clock operating circuit.
XTAL2
Output from the inverting Oscillator amplifier.
AVCC
AVCC is the supply voltage pin for Port F and the A/D Converter. It should be externally connected to VCC, even if the ADC is not used. If the ADC is used, it should be connected to VCC
through a low-pass filter.
AREF
AREF is the analog reference pin for the A/D Converter.
PEN
This is a programming enable pin for the SPI Serial Programming mode. By holding this pin low
during a Power-on Reset, the device will enter the SPI Serial Programming mode. PEN has no
function during normal operation.
7
2490PS–AVR–07/09
Resources
A comprehensive set of development tools, application notes and datasheetsare available for
download on http://www.atmel.com/avr.
Note:
Data Retention
8
1.
Reliability Qualification results show that the projected data retention failure rate is much less
than 1 PPM over 20 years at 85°C or 100 years at 25°C.
ATmega64(L)
2490PS–AVR–07/09
ATmega64(L)
Register Summary
Address
Name
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
(0xFF)
Reserved
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
..
(0x9E)
Reserved
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Reserved
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
(0x9D)
UCSR1C
–
UMSEL1
UPM11
UPM10
USBS1
UCSZ11
UCSZ10
UCPOL1
191
(0x9C)
UDR1
(0x9B)
UCSR1A
RXC1
TXC1
UDRE1
(0x9A)
UCSR1B
RXCIE1
TXCIE1
UDRIE1
(0x99)
UBRR1L
(0x98)
(0x97)
UBRR1H
–
–
–
–
Reserved
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
(0x96)
Reserved
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
(0x95)
(0x94)
UCSR0C
–
UMSEL0
UPM01
UPM00
USBS0
UCSZ01
UCSZ00
UCPOL0
Reserved
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
(0x93)
Reserved
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
(0x92)
Reserved
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
(0x91)
Reserved
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
(0x90)
(0x8F)
UBRR0H
–
–
–
–
Reserved
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
USART1 I/O Data Register
Page
188
FE1
DOR1
UPE1
U2X1
MPCM1
189
RXEN1
TXEN1
UCSZ12
RXB81
TXB81
190
USART1 Baud Rate Register Low
193
USART1 Baud Rate Register High
193
–
USART0 Baud Rate Register High
191
193
(0x8E)
ADCSRB
–
–
–
–
–
ADTS2
ADTS1
ADTS0
(0x8D)
Reserved
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
(0x8C)
TCCR3C
FOC3A
FOC3B
FOC3C
–
–
–
–
–
138
(0x8B)
TCCR3A
COM3A1
COM3A0
COM3B1
COM3B0
COM3C1
COM3C0
WGM31
WGM30
132
ICNC3
ICES3
–
WGM33
WGM32
CS32
CS31
CS30
136
247
(0x8A)
TCCR3B
(0x89)
TCNT3H
Timer/Counter3 – Counter Register High Byte
(0x88)
TCNT3L
Timer/Counter3 – Counter Register Low Byte
138
(0x87)
OCR3AH
Timer/Counter3 – Output Compare Register A High Byte
139
138
(0x86)
OCR3AL
Timer/Counter3 – Output Compare Register A Low Byte
139
(0x85)
OCR3BH
Timer/Counter3 – Output Compare Register B High Byte
139
(0x84)
OCR3BL
Timer/Counter3 – Output Compare Register B Low Byte
139
(0x83)
OCR3CH
Timer/Counter3 – Output Compare Register C High Byte
139
(0x82)
OCR3CL
Timer/Counter3 – Output Compare Register C Low Byte
139
(0x81)
ICR3H
Timer/Counter3 – Input Capture Register High Byte
140
(0x80)
(0x7F)
ICR3L
Timer/Counter3 – Input Capture Register Low Byte
Reserved
–
–
–
–
–
–
140
–
–
(0x7E)
Reserved
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
(0x7D)
ETIMSK
–
–
TICIE3
OCIE3A
OCIE3B
TOIE3
OCIE3C
OCIE1C
141
(0x7C)
(0x7B)
ETIFR
–
–
ICF3
OCF3A
OCF3B
TOV3
OCF3C
OCF1C
142
Reserved
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
(0x7A)
TCCR1C
FOC1A
FOC1B
FOC1C
–
–
–
–
–
(0x79)
OCR1CH
Timer/Counter1 – Output Compare Register C High Byte
139
(0x78)
(0x77)
OCR1CL
Timer/Counter1 – Output Compare Register C Low Byte
139
Reserved
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
(0x76)
Reserved
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
(0x75)
Reserved
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
(0x74)
TWCR
TWINT
TWEA
TWSTA
TWSTO
TWWC
TWEN
–
TWIE
(0x73)
TWDR
(0x72)
TWAR
TWA6
TWA5
TWA4
TWA3
TWA2
TWA1
TWA0
TWGCE
208
(0x71)
TWSR
TWS7
TWS6
TWS5
TWS4
TWS3
–
TWPS1
TWPS0
207
Two-wire Serial Interface Data Register
206
208
(0x70)
TWBR
Two-wire Serial Interface Bit Rate Register
(0x6F)
(0x6E)
OSCCAL
Oscillator Calibration Register
Reserved
137
206
43
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
(0x6D)
XMCRA
–
SRL2
SRL1
SRL0
SRW01
SRW00
SRW11
(0x6C)
XMCRB
XMBK
–
–
–
–
XMM2
XMM1
–
32
XMM0
34
(0x6B)
Reserved
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
(0x6A)
(0x69)
EICRA
ISC31
ISC30
ISC21
ISC20
ISC11
ISC10
ISC01
ISC00
Reserved
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
(0x68)
SPMCSR
SPMIE
RWWSB
–
RWWSRE
BLBSET
PGWRT
PGERS
SPMEN
(0x67)
Reserved
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
(0x66)
Reserved
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
(0x65)
PORTG
–
–
–
PORTG4
PORTG3
PORTG2
PORTG1
PORTG0
89
(0x64)
DDRG
–
–
–
DDG4
DDG3
DDG2
DDG1
DDG0
89
90
281
(0x63)
PING
–
–
–
PING4
PING3
PING2
PING1
PING0
89
(0x62)
PORTF
PORTF7
PORTF6
PORTF5
PORTF4
PORTF3
PORTF2
PORTF1
PORTF0
88
(0x61)
DDRF
DDF7
DDF6
DDF5
DDF4
DDF3
DDF2
DDF1
DDF0
89
9
2490PS–AVR–07/09
Register Summary (Continued)
Address
Name
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
(0x60)
Reserved
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Page
0x3F (0x5F)
SREG
I
T
H
S
V
N
Z
C
12
0x3E (0x5E)
SPH
SP15
SP14
SP13
SP12
SP11
SP10
SP9
SP8
14
0x3D (0x5D)
SPL
SP7
SP6
SP5
SP4
SP3
SP2
SP1
SP0
14
0x3C (0x5C)
XDIV
XDIVEN
XDIV6
XDIV5
XDIV4
XDIV3
XDIV2
XDIV1
XDIV0
39
0x3B (0x5B)
Reserved
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0x3A (0x5A)
EICRB
ISC71
ISC70
ISC61
ISC60
ISC51
ISC50
ISC41
ISC40
91
0x39 (0x59)
EIMSK
INT7
INT6
INT5
INT4
INT3
INT2
INT1
INT0
92
0x38 (0x58)
EIFR
INTF7
INTF6
INTF5
INTF4
INTF3
INTF
INTF1
INTF0
92
0x37 (0x57)
TIMSK
OCIE2
TOIE2
TICIE1
OCIE1A
OCIE1B
TOIE1
OCIE0
TOIE0
109, 140, 160
0x36 (0x56)
TIFR
OCF2
TOV2
ICF1
OCF1A
OCF1B
TOV1
OCF0
TOV0
109, 142, 160
0x35 (0x55)
MCUCR
SRE
SRW10
SE
SM1
SM0
SM2
IVSEL
IVCE
32, 46, 64
0x34 (0x54)
MCUCSR
JTD
–
–
JTRF
WDRF
BORF
EXTRF
PORF
55, 256
0x33 (0x53)
TCCR0
FOC0
WGM00
COM01
COM00
WGM01
CS02
CS01
CS00
0x32 (0x52)
TCNT0
0x31 (0x51)
OCR0
0x30 (0x50)
ASSR
–
–
–
–
AS0
TCN0UB
OCR0UB
TCR0UB
107
Timer/Counter0 (8 Bit)
104
106
Timer/Counter0 Output Compare Register
106
0x2F (0x4F)
TCCR1A
COM1A1
COM1A0
COM1B1
COM1B0
COM1C1
COM1C0
WGM11
WGM10
132
0x2E (0x4E)
TCCR1B
ICNC1
ICES1
–
WGM13
WGM12
CS12
CS11
CS10
136
0x2D (0x4D)
TCNT1H
Timer/Counter1 – Counter Register High Byte
138
0x2C (0x4C)
TCNT1L
Timer/Counter1 – Counter Register Low Byte
138
0x2B (0x4B)
OCR1AH
Timer/Counter1 – Output Compare Register A High Byte
139
0x2A (0x4A)
OCR1AL
Timer/Counter1 – Output Compare Register A Low Byte
139
0x29 (0x49)
OCR1BH
Timer/Counter1 – Output Compare Register B High Byte
139
0x28 (0x48)
OCR1BL
Timer/Counter1 – Output Compare Register B Low Byte
139
0x27 (0x47)
ICR1H
Timer/Counter1 – Input Capture Register High Byte
140
0x26 (0x46)
ICR1L
0x25 (0x45)
TCCR2
Timer/Counter1 – Input Capture Register Low Byte
0x24 (0x44)
TCNT2
Timer/Counter2 (8 Bit)
0x23 (0x43)
OCR2
Timer/Counter2 Output Compare Register
0x22 (0x42)
OCDR
0x21 (0x41)
WDTCR
IDRD/
OCDR7
–
0x20 (0x40)
SFIOR
TSM
0x1F (0x3F)
EEARH
–
0x1E (0x3E)
EEARL
FOC2
WGM20
COM21
COM20
OCDR6
OCDR5
OCDR4
–
–
–
–
–
–
WGM21
CS22
140
CS21
CS20
157
159
160
OCDR3
OCDR2
OCDR1
OCDR0
WDCE
WDE
WDP2
WDP1
WDP0
57
–
ACME
PUD
PSR0
PSR321
72, 111, 145, 227
–
–
EEPROM Address Register High Byte
EEPROM Address Register Low Byte
253
22
22
0x1D (0x3D)
EEDR
0x1C (0x3C)
EECR
–
–
–
EEPROM Data Register
–
EERIE
EEMWE
EEWE
EERE
22
0x1B (0x3B)
PORTA
PORTA7
PORTA6
PORTA5
PORTA4
PORTA3
PORTA2
PORTA1
PORTA0
87
0x1A (0x3A)
DDRA
DDA7
DDA6
DDA5
DDA4
DDA3
DDA2
DDA1
DDA0
87
22
0x19 (0x39)
PINA
PINA7
PINA6
PINA5
PINA4
PINA3
PINA2
PINA1
PINA0
87
0x18 (0x38)
PORTB
PORTB7
PORTB6
PORTB5
PORTB4
PORTB3
PORTB2
PORTB1
PORTB0
87
0x17 (0x37)
DDRB
DDB7
DDB6
DDB5
DDB4
DDB3
DDB2
DDB1
DDB0
87
0x16 (0x36)
PINB
PINB7
PINB6
PINB5
PINB4
PINB3
PINB2
PINB1
PINB0
87
0x15 (0x35)
PORTC
PORTC7
PORTC6
PORTC5
PORTC4
PORTC3
PORTC2
PORTC1
PORTC0
87
0x14 (0x34)
DDRC
DDC7
DDC6
DDC5
DDC4
DDC3
DDC2
DDC1
DDC0
87
0x13 (0x33)
PINC
PINC7
PINC6
PINC5
PINC4
PINC3
PINC2
PINC1
PINC0
88
0x12 (0x32)
PORTD
PORTD7
PORTD6
PORTD5
PORTD4
PORTD3
PORTD2
PORTD1
PORTD0
88
0x11 (0x31)
DDRD
DDD7
DDD6
DDD5
DDD4
DDD3
DDD2
DDD1
DDD0
88
0x10 (0x30)
PIND
PIND7
PIND6
PIND5
PIND4
PIND3
PIND2
PIND1
PIND0
0x0F (0x2F)
SPDR
SPI Data Register
88
169
0x0E (0x2E)
SPSR
SPIF
WCOL
–
–
–
–
–
SPI2X
0x0D (0x2D)
SPCR
SPIE
SPE
DORD
MSTR
CPOL
CPHA
SPR1
SPR0
0x0C (0x2C)
UDR0
0x0B (0x2B)
UCSR0A
RXC0
TXC0
UDRE0
FE0
DOR0
UPE0
U2X0
MPCM0
189
0x0A (0x2A)
UCSR0B
RXCIE0
TXCIE0
UDRIE0
RXEN0
TXEN0
UCSZ02
RXB80
TXB80
190
0x09 (0x29)
UBRR0L
0x08 (0x28)
ACSR
ACD
ACBG
ACIC
ACIS1
ACIS0
228
0x07 (0x27)
ADMUX
REFS1
0x06 (0x26)
ADCSRA
ADEN
0x05 (0x25)
ADCH
ADC Data Register High Byte
246
0x04 (0x24)
ADCL
ADC Data Register Low byte
246
0x03 (0x23)
PORTE
PORTE7
PORTE6
PORTE5
PORTE4
PORTE3
PORTE2
PORTE1
PORTE0
88
0x02 (0x22)
DDRE
DDE7
DDE6
DDE5
DDE4
DDE3
DDE2
DDE1
DDE0
88
0x01 (0x21)
PINE
PINE7
PINE6
PINE5
PINE4
PINE3
PINE2
PINE1
PINE0
88
10
USART0 I/O Data Register
169
167
188
USART0 Baud Rate Register Low
193
ACO
ACI
ACIE
REFS0
ADLAR
MUX4
MUX3
MUX2
MUX1
MUX0
243
ADSC
ADATE
ADIF
ADIE
ADPS2
ADPS1
ADPS0
245
ATmega64(L)
2490PS–AVR–07/09
ATmega64(L)
Register Summary (Continued)
Address
Name
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Page
0x00 (0x20)
PINF
PINF7
PINF6
PINF5
PINF4
PINF3
PINF2
PINF1
PINF0
89
Notes:
1. For compatibility with future devices, reserved bits should be written to zero if accessed. Reserved I/O memory addresses
should never be written.
2. Some of the status flags are cleared by writing a logical one to them. Note that the CBI and SBI instructions will operate on
all bits in the I/O Register, writing a one back into any flag read as set, thus clearing the flag. The CBI and SBI instructions
work with registers 0x00 to 0x1F only.
11
2490PS–AVR–07/09
Instruction Set Summary
Mnemonics
Operands
Description
Operation
Flags
#Clocks
ARITHMETIC AND LOGIC INSTRUCTIONS
ADD
Rd, Rr
Add two Registers
Rd ← Rd + Rr
Z,C,N,V,H
ADC
Rd, Rr
Add with Carry two Registers
Rd ← Rd + Rr + C
Z,C,N,V,H
1
ADIW
Rdl,K
Add Immediate to Word
Rdh:Rdl ← Rdh:Rdl + K
Z,C,N,V,S
2
SUB
Rd, Rr
Subtract two Registers
Rd ← Rd - Rr
Z,C,N,V,H
1
SUBI
Rd, K
Subtract Constant from Register
Rd ← Rd - K
Z,C,N,V,H
1
SBC
Rd, Rr
Subtract with Carry two Registers
Rd ← Rd - Rr - C
Z,C,N,V,H
1
1
SBCI
Rd, K
Subtract with Carry Constant from Reg.
Rd ← Rd - K - C
Z,C,N,V,H
1
SBIW
Rdl,K
Subtract Immediate from Word
Rdh:Rdl ← Rdh:Rdl - K
Z,C,N,V,S
2
1
AND
Rd, Rr
Logical AND Registers
Rd ← Rd • Rr
Z,N,V
ANDI
Rd, K
Logical AND Register and Constant
Rd ← Rd • K
Z,N,V
1
OR
Rd, Rr
Logical OR Registers
Rd ← Rd v Rr
Z,N,V
1
ORI
Rd, K
Logical OR Register and Constant
Rd ← Rd v K
Z,N,V
1
EOR
Rd, Rr
Exclusive OR Registers
Rd ← Rd ⊕ Rr
Z,N,V
1
COM
Rd
One’s Complement
Rd ← 0xFF − Rd
Z,C,N,V
1
NEG
Rd
Two’s Complement
Rd ← 0x00 − Rd
Z,C,N,V,H
1
SBR
Rd,K
Set Bit(s) in Register
Rd ← Rd v K
Z,N,V
1
CBR
Rd,K
Clear Bit(s) in Register
Rd ← Rd • (0xFF - K)
Z,N,V
1
INC
Rd
Increment
Rd ← Rd + 1
Z,N,V
1
DEC
Rd
Decrement
Rd ← Rd − 1
Z,N,V
1
TST
Rd
Test for Zero or Minus
Rd ← Rd • Rd
Z,N,V
1
CLR
Rd
Clear Register
Rd ← Rd ⊕ Rd
Z,N,V
1
SER
Rd
Set Register
Rd ← 0xFF
None
1
MUL
Rd, Rr
Multiply Unsigned
R1:R0 ← Rd x Rr
Z,C
2
MULS
Rd, Rr
Multiply Signed
R1:R0 ← Rd x Rr
Z,C
2
MULSU
Rd, Rr
Multiply Signed with Unsigned
R1:R0 ← Rd x Rr
Z,C
2
FMUL
Rd, Rr
Fractional Multiply Unsigned
R1:R0 ¨ (Rd x Rr) << 1
Z,C
2
FMULS
Rd, Rr
Fractional Multiply Signed
R1:R0 ¨ (Rd x Rr) << 1
Z,C
2
FMULSU
Rd, Rr
Fractional Multiply Signed with Unsigned
R1:R0 ¨ (Rd x Rr) << 1
Z,C
2
Relative Jump
PC ← PC + k + 1
None
2
Indirect Jump to (Z)
PC ← Z
None
2
3
BRANCH INSTRUCTIONS
RJMP
k
IJMP
JMP
k
Direct Jump
PC ← k
None
RCALL
k
Relative Subroutine Call
PC ← PC + k + 1
None
3
Indirect Call to (Z)
PC ← Z
None
3
ICALL
Direct Subroutine Call
PC ← k
None
4
RET
Subroutine Return
PC ← STACK
None
4
RETI
Interrupt Return
PC ← STACK
I
if (Rd = Rr) PC ← PC + 2 or 3
None
CALL
k
4
CPSE
Rd,Rr
Compare, Skip if Equal
1/2/3
CP
Rd,Rr
Compare
Rd − Rr
Z, N,V,C,H
1
CPC
Rd,Rr
Compare with Carry
Rd − Rr − C
Z, N,V,C,H
1
CPI
Rd,K
Compare Register with Immediate
Rd − K
Z, N,V,C,H
SBRC
Rr, b
Skip if Bit in Register Cleared
if (Rr(b)=0) PC ← PC + 2 or 3
None
SBRS
Rr, b
Skip if Bit in Register is Set
if (Rr(b)=1) PC ← PC + 2 or 3
None
1/2/3
SBIC
P, b
Skip if Bit in I/O Register Cleared
if (P(b)=0) PC ← PC + 2 or 3
None
1/2/3
SBIS
P, b
Skip if Bit in I/O Register is Set
if (P(b)=1) PC ← PC + 2 or 3
None
1/2/3
BRBS
s, k
Branch if Status Flag Set
if (SREG(s) = 1) then PC←PC+k + 1
None
1/2
BRBC
s, k
Branch if Status Flag Cleared
if (SREG(s) = 0) then PC←PC+k + 1
None
1/2
BREQ
k
Branch if Equal
if (Z = 1) then PC ← PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRNE
k
Branch if Not Equal
if (Z = 0) then PC ← PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRCS
k
Branch if Carry Set
if (C = 1) then PC ← PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRCC
k
Branch if Carry Cleared
if (C = 0) then PC ← PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRSH
k
Branch if Same or Higher
if (C = 0) then PC ← PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRLO
k
Branch if Lower
if (C = 1) then PC ← PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRMI
k
Branch if Minus
if (N = 1) then PC ← PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRPL
k
Branch if Plus
if (N = 0) then PC ← PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRGE
k
Branch if Greater or Equal, Signed
if (N ⊕ V= 0) then PC ← PC + k + 1
None
1/2
1
1/2/3
BRLT
k
Branch if Less Than Zero, Signed
if (N ⊕ V= 1) then PC ← PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRHS
k
Branch if Half Carry Flag Set
if (H = 1) then PC ← PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRHC
k
Branch if Half Carry Flag Cleared
if (H = 0) then PC ← PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRTS
k
Branch if T Flag Set
if (T = 1) then PC ← PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRTC
k
Branch if T Flag Cleared
if (T = 0) then PC ← PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRVS
k
Branch if Overflow Flag is Set
if (V = 1) then PC ← PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRVC
k
Branch if Overflow Flag is Cleared
if (V = 0) then PC ← PC + k + 1
None
1/2
12
ATmega64(L)
2490PS–AVR–07/09
ATmega64(L)
Instruction Set Summary (Continued)
BRIE
k
Branch if Interrupt Enabled
if ( I = 1) then PC ← PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRID
k
Branch if Interrupt Disabled
if ( I = 0) then PC ← PC + k + 1
None
1/2
None
1
None
1
DATA TRANSFER INSTRUCTIONS
MOV
Rd, Rr
Move Between Registers
MOVW
Rd, Rr
Copy Register Word
Rd ← Rr
Rd+1:Rd ← Rr+1:Rr
LDI
Rd, K
Load Immediate
Rd ← K
None
1
LD
Rd, X
Load Indirect
Rd ← (X)
None
2
LD
Rd, X+
Load Indirect and Post-Inc.
Rd ← (X), X ← X + 1
None
2
LD
Rd, - X
Load Indirect and Pre-Dec.
X ← X - 1, Rd ← (X)
None
2
2
LD
Rd, Y
Load Indirect
Rd ← (Y)
None
LD
Rd, Y+
Load Indirect and Post-Inc.
Rd ← (Y), Y ← Y + 1
None
2
LD
Rd, - Y
Load Indirect and Pre-Dec.
Y ← Y - 1, Rd ← (Y)
None
2
LDD
Rd,Y+q
Load Indirect with Displacement
Rd ← (Y + q)
None
2
LD
Rd, Z
Load Indirect
Rd ← (Z)
None
2
LD
Rd, Z+
Load Indirect and Post-Inc.
Rd ← (Z), Z ← Z+1
None
2
LD
Rd, -Z
Load Indirect and Pre-Dec.
Z ← Z - 1, Rd ← (Z)
None
2
LDD
Rd, Z+q
Load Indirect with Displacement
Rd ← (Z + q)
None
2
2
LDS
Rd, k
Load Direct from SRAM
Rd ← (k)
None
ST
X, Rr
Store Indirect
(X) ← Rr
None
2
ST
X+, Rr
Store Indirect and Post-Inc.
(X) ← Rr, X ← X + 1
None
2
ST
- X, Rr
Store Indirect and Pre-Dec.
X ← X - 1, (X) ← Rr
None
2
ST
Y, Rr
Store Indirect
(Y) ← Rr
None
2
ST
Y+, Rr
Store Indirect and Post-Inc.
(Y) ← Rr, Y ← Y + 1
None
2
ST
- Y, Rr
Store Indirect and Pre-Dec.
Y ← Y - 1, (Y) ← Rr
None
2
STD
Y+q,Rr
Store Indirect with Displacement
(Y + q) ← Rr
None
2
ST
Z, Rr
Store Indirect
(Z) ← Rr
None
2
ST
Z+, Rr
Store Indirect and Post-Inc.
(Z) ← Rr, Z ← Z + 1
None
2
ST
-Z, Rr
Store Indirect and Pre-Dec.
Z ← Z - 1, (Z) ← Rr
None
2
STD
Z+q,Rr
Store Indirect with Displacement
(Z + q) ← Rr
None
2
STS
k, Rr
Store Direct to SRAM
(k) ← Rr
None
2
Load Program Memory
R0 ← (Z)
None
3
LPM
LPM
Rd, Z
Load Program Memory
Rd ← (Z)
None
3
LPM
Rd, Z+
Load Program Memory and Post-Inc
Rd ← (Z), Z ← Z+1
None
3
Store Program Memory
(Z) ← R1:R0
None
-
In Port
Rd ← P
None
1
SPM
IN
Rd, P
OUT
P, Rr
Out Port
P ← Rr
None
1
PUSH
Rr
Push Register on Stack
STACK ← Rr
None
2
POP
Rd
Pop Register from Stack
Rd ← STACK
None
2
BIT AND BIT-TEST INSTRUCTIONS
SBI
P,b
Set Bit in I/O Register
I/O(P,b) ← 1
None
2
CBI
P,b
Clear Bit in I/O Register
I/O(P,b) ← 0
None
2
LSL
Rd
Logical Shift Left
Rd(n+1) ← Rd(n), Rd(0) ← 0
Z,C,N,V
1
LSR
Rd
Logical Shift Right
Rd(n) ← Rd(n+1), Rd(7) ← 0
Z,C,N,V
1
ROL
Rd
Rotate Left Through Carry
Rd(0)←C,Rd(n+1)← Rd(n),C←Rd(7)
Z,C,N,V
1
ROR
Rd
Rotate Right Through Carry
Rd(7)←C,Rd(n)← Rd(n+1),C←Rd(0)
Z,C,N,V
1
ASR
Rd
Arithmetic Shift Right
Rd(n) ← Rd(n+1), n=0..6
Z,C,N,V
1
SWAP
Rd
Swap Nibbles
Rd(3..0)←Rd(7..4),Rd(7..4)←Rd(3..0)
None
1
BSET
s
Flag Set
SREG(s) ← 1
SREG(s)
1
BCLR
s
Flag Clear
SREG(s) ← 0
SREG(s)
1
BST
Rr, b
Bit Store from Register to T
T ← Rr(b)
T
1
BLD
Rd, b
Bit load from T to Register
Rd(b) ← T
None
1
1
SEC
Set Carry
C←1
C
CLC
Clear Carry
C←0
C
1
SEN
Set Negative Flag
N←1
N
1
CLN
Clear Negative Flag
N←0
N
1
SEZ
Set Zero Flag
Z←1
Z
1
CLZ
Clear Zero Flag
Z←0
Z
1
SEI
Global Interrupt Enable
I←1
I
1
CLI
Global Interrupt Disable
I←0
I
1
1
SES
Set Signed Test Flag
S←1
S
CLS
Clear Signed Test Flag
S←0
S
1
SEV
CLV
Set Twos Complement Overflow.
Clear Twos Complement Overflow
V←1
V←0
V
V
1
1
SET
Set T in SREG
T←1
T
1
CLT
Clear T in SREG
T←0
T
1
SEH
Set Half Carry Flag in SREG
H←1
H
1
13
2490PS–AVR–07/09
Instruction Set Summary (Continued)
CLH
Clear Half Carry Flag in SREG
H←0
H
1
MCU CONTROL INSTRUCTIONS
NOP
No Operation
None
1
SLEEP
Sleep
(see specific descr. for Sleep function)
None
1
WDR
BREAK
Watchdog Reset
Break
(see specific descr. for WDR/timer)
For On-chip Debug Only
None
None
1
N/A
14
ATmega64(L)
2490PS–AVR–07/09
ATmega64(L)
Ordering Information
Speed (MHz)
8
16
Note:
Power Supply
Ordering Code(2)
Package(1)
2.7 - 5.5
ATmega64L-8AU
ATmega64L-8MU
64A
64M1
4.5 - 5.5
ATmega64-16AU
ATmega64-16MU
64A
64M1
Operation Range
Industrial
(-40°C to 85°C)
1. This device can also be supplied in wafer form. Please contact your local Atmel sales office for detailed ordering information
and minimum quantities.
2. Pb-free packaging complies to the European Directive for Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS directive). Also
Halide free and fully Green.
Package Type
64A
64-lead, Thin (1.0 mm) Plastic Gull Wing Quad Flat Package (TQFP)
64M1
64-pad, 9 x 9 x 1.0 mm body, lead pitch 0.50 mm, Quad Flat No-Lead/Micro Lead Frame Package (QFN/MLF)
15
2490PS–AVR–07/09
Packaging Information
64A
PIN 1
B
PIN 1 IDENTIFIER
E1
e
E
D1
D
C
0°~7°
A1
A2
A
L
COMMON DIMENSIONS
(Unit of Measure = mm)
Notes:
1.This package conforms to JEDEC reference MS-026, Variation AEB.
2. Dimensions D1 and E1 do not include mold protrusion. Allowable
protrusion is 0.25 mm per side. Dimensions D1 and E1 are maximum
plastic body size dimensions including mold mismatch.
3. Lead coplanarity is 0.10 mm maximum.
SYMBOL
MIN
NOM
MAX
A
–
–
1.20
A1
0.05
–
0.15
A2
0.95
1.00
1.05
D
15.75
16.00
16.25
D1
13.90
14.00
14.10
E
15.75
16.00
16.25
E1
13.90
14.00
14.10
B
0.30
–
0.45
C
0.09
–
0.20
L
0.45
–
0.75
e
NOTE
Note 2
Note 2
0.80 TYP
10/5/2001
R
16
2325 Orchard Parkway
San Jose, CA 95131
TITLE
64A, 64-lead, 14 x 14 mm Body Size, 1.0 mm Body Thickness,
0.8 mm Lead Pitch, Thin Profile Plastic Quad Flat Package (TQFP)
DRAWING NO.
REV.
64A
B
ATmega64(L)
2490PS–AVR–07/09
ATmega64(L)
64M1
D
Marked Pin# 1 ID
E
C
SEATING PLANE
A1
TOP VIEW
A
K
0.08 C
L
Pin #1 Corner
D2
1
2
3
Option A
SIDE VIEW
Pin #1
Triangle
COMMON DIMENSIONS
(Unit of Measure = mm)
E2
Option B
K
Option C
b
e
Pin #1
Chamfer
(C 0.30)
Pin #1
Notch
(0.20 R)
BOTTOM VIEW
Note: 1. JEDEC Standard MO-220, (SAW Singulation) Fig. 1, VMMD.
2. Dimension and tolerance conform to ASMEY14.5M-1994.
SYMBOL
MIN
NOM
MAX
A
0.80
0.90
1.00
0.05
A1
–
0.02
b
0.18
0.25
0.30
D
8.90
9.00
9.10
D2
5.20
5.40
5.60
E
8.90
9.00
9.10
E2
5.20
5.40
5.60
e
NOTE
0.50 BSC
L
0.35
0.40
0.45
K
1.25
1.40
1.55
5/25/06
R
2325 Orchard Parkway
San Jose, CA 95131
TITLE
64M1, 64-pad, 9 x 9 x 1.0 mm Body, Lead Pitch 0.50 mm,
5.40 mm Exposed Pad, Micro Lead Frame Package (MLF)
DRAWING NO.
64M1
REV.
G
17
2490PS–AVR–07/09
Errata
The revision letter in this section refers to the revision of the ATmega64 device.
ATmega64, rev. A
to C, E
•
•
•
•
•
•
First Analog Comparator conversion may be delayed
Interrupts may be lost when writing the timer registers in the asynchronous timer
Stabilizing time needed when changing XDIV Register
Stabilizing time needed when changing OSCCAL Register
IDCODE masks data from TDI input
Reading EEPROM by using ST or STS to set EERE bit triggers unexpected interrupt request
1. First Analog Comparator conversion may be delayed
If the device is powered by a slow rising VCC, the first Analog Comparator conversion will
take longer than expected on some devices.
Problem Fix/Workaround
When the device has been powered or reset, disable then enable the Analog Comparator
before the first conversion.
2. Interrupts may be lost when writing the timer registers in the asynchronous timer
The interrupt will be lost if a timer register that is synchronous timer clock is written when the
asynchronous Timer/Counter register (TCNTx) is 0x00.
Problem Fix/Workaround
Always check that the asynchronous Timer/Counter register neither have the value 0xFF nor
0x00 before writing to the asynchronous Timer Control Register (TCCRx), asynchronous
Timer Counter Register (TCNTx), or asynchronous Output Compare Register (OCRx).
3. Stabilizing time needed when changing XDIV Register
After increasing the source clock frequency more than 2% with settings in the XDIV register,
the device may execute some of the subsequent instructions incorrectly.
Problem Fix / Workaround
The NOP instruction will always be executed correctly also right after a frequency change.
Thus, the next 8 instructions after the change should be NOP instructions. To ensure this,
follow this procedure:
1.Clear the I bit in the SREG Register.
2.Set the new pre-scaling factor in XDIV register.
3.Execute 8 NOP instructions
4.Set the I bit in SREG
This will ensure that all subsequent instructions will execute correctly.
Assembly Code Example:
CLI
OUT
18
; clear global interrupt enable
XDIV, temp
; set new prescale value
NOP
; no operation
NOP
; no operation
NOP
; no operation
NOP
; no operation
NOP
; no operation
NOP
; no operation
NOP
; no operation
NOP
; no operation
SEI
; clear global interrupt enable
ATmega64(L)
2490PS–AVR–07/09
ATmega64(L)
4. Stabilizing time needed when changing OSCCAL Register
After increasing the source clock frequency more than 2% with settings in the OSCCAL register, the device may execute some of the subsequent instructions incorrectly.
Problem Fix / Workaround
The behavior follows errata number 3., and the same Fix / Workaround is applicable on this
errata.
5. IDCODE masks data from TDI input
The JTAG instruction IDCODE is not working correctly. Data to succeeding devices are
replaced by all-ones during Update-DR.
Problem Fix / Workaround
–
If ATmega64 is the only device in the scan chain, the problem is not visible.
–
Select the Device ID Register of the ATmega64 by issuing the IDCODE instruction or
by entering the Test-Logic-Reset state of the TAP controller to read out the contents
of its Device ID Register and possibly data from succeeding devices of the scan
chain. Issue the BYPASS instruction to the ATmega64 while reading the Device ID
Registers of preceding devices of the boundary scan chain.
–
If the Device IDs of all devices in the boundary scan chain must be captured
simultaneously, the ATmega64 must be the first device in the chain.
6. Reading EEPROM by using ST or STS to set EERE bit triggers unexpected interrupt
request.
Reading EEPROM by using the ST or STS command to set the EERE bit in the EECR register triggers an unexpected EEPROM interrupt request.
Problem Fix / Workaround
Always use OUT or SBI to set EERE in EECR.
19
2490PS–AVR–07/09
Datasheet
Revision
History
Please note that the referring page numbers in this section are referred to this document. The
referring revision in this section are referring to the document revision.
Changes from Rev. 1. Updated “Errata” on page 379.
2490O-08/08 to
2. Updated the TOC with the newest template (version 5.10).
Rev. 2490P-07/09
Changes from Rev. 1. Updated “DC Characteristics” on page 325 with ICC typical values.
2490N-05/08 to
Rev. 2490O-08/08
Changes from Rev. 1. Updated “PEN” on page 7.
2490M-08/07 to
2. Updated “Ordering Information” on page 376.
Rev. 2490N-05/08
Changes from Rev. 1. Updated “Features” on page 1.
2490L-10/06 to
2. Added “Data Retention” on page 8.
Rev. 2490M-08/07
3. Updated “Errata” on page 18.
4. Updated “Assembly Code Example(1)” on page 177.
5. Updated “Slave Mode” on page 167.
Changes from Rev. 1. Added note to “Timer/Counter Oscillator” on page 45.
2490K-04/06 to
2. Updated “Fast PWM Mode” on page 125.
Rev. 2490L-10/06
3. Updated Table 52 on page 104, Table 54 on page 105, Table 59 on page 134, Table 61
on page 136, Table 64 on page 158, and Table 66 on page 158.
4. Updated “Errata” on page 18.
Changes from Rev. 1. Updated Figure 2 on page 3.
2490J-03/05 to
2. Added “Resources” on page 8.
Rev. 2490K-04/06
3. Added Addresses in Register Descriptions.
4. Updated “SPI – Serial Peripheral Interface” on page 163.
5. Updated Register- and bit names in “USART” on page 171.
6. Updated note in “Bit Rate Generator Unit” on page 204.
7. Updated Features in “Analog to Digital Converter” on page 230.
20
ATmega64(L)
2490PS–AVR–07/09
ATmega64(L)
Changes from Rev. 1. MLF-package alternative changed to “Quad Flat No-Lead/Micro Lead Frame Package
QFN/MLF”.
2490I-10/04 to Rev.
2490J-03/05
2. Updated “Electrical Characteristics” on page 325
3. Updated “Ordering Information” on page 15
Changes from Rev. 1. Removed “Preliminary” and TBD’s.
2490H-10/04 to
2. Updated Table 8 on page 40, Table 11 on page 42, Table 19 on page 52, Table 132 on
Rev. 2490I-11/04
page 327, Table 134 on page 330.
3. Updated features in “Analog to Digital Converter” on page 230.
4. Updated “Electrical Characteristics” on page 325.
Changes from Rev. 1. Removed references to Analog Ground, IC1/IC3 changed to ICP1/ICP3, Input Capture
Trigger changed to Input Capture Pin.
2490G-03/04 to
Rev. 2490H-10/04
2. Updated “ATmega103 and ATmega64 Compatibility” on page 4.
3. Updated “External Memory Interface” on page 27
4. Updated “XDIV – XTAL Divide Control Register” to “Clock Sources” on page 38.
5. Updated code example in “WDTCR – Watchdog Timer Control Register” on page 57.
6. Added section “Unconnected Pins” on page 70.
7. Updated Table 19 on page 52, Table 20 on page 56, Table 95 on page 236, and
Table 60 on page 135.
8. Updated Figure 116 on page 239.
9. Updated “Version” on page 255.
10. Updated “DC Characteristics” on page 325.
11. Updated “Typical Characteristics” on page 340.
12. Updated features in“Analog to Digital Converter” on page 230 and Table 136 on page
333.
13. Updated “Ordering Information” on page 15.
Changes from Rev. 1. Updated “Errata” on page 18.
2490F-12/03 to
Rev. 2490G-03/04
Changes from Rev. 1. Updated “Calibrated Internal RC Oscillator” on page 43.
2490E-09/03 to
Rev. 2490F-12/03
21
2490PS–AVR–07/09
Changes from Rev.
2490D-02/03 to Rev.
2490E-09/03
1. Updated note in “XDIV – XTAL Divide Control Register” on page 39.
2. Updated “JTAG Interface and On-chip Debug System” on page 50.
3. Updated “TAP – Test Access Port” on page 248 regarding JTAGEN.
4. Updated description for the JTD bit on page 258.
5. Added a note regarding JTAGEN fuse to Table 118 on page 292.
6. Updated RPU values in “DC Characteristics” on page 325.
7. Updated “ADC Characteristics” on page 332.
8. Added a proposal for solving problems regarding the JTAG instruction
IDCODE in “Errata” on page 18.
Changes from Rev.
2490C-09/02 to Rev.
2490D-02/03
1. Added reference to Table 124 on page 296 from both SPI Serial Programming
and Self Programming to inform about the Flash page size.
2. Added Chip Erase as a first step under “Programming the Flash” on page 322
and “Programming the EEPROM” on page 323.
3. Corrected OCn waveforms in Figure 52 on page 126.
4. Various minor Timer1 corrections.
5. Improved the description in “Phase Correct PWM Mode” on page 101 and on
page 153.
6. Various minor TWI corrections.
7. Added note under "Filling the Temporary Buffer (Page Loading)" about writing to the EEPROM during an SPM page load.
8. Removed ADHSM completely.
9. Added note about masking out unused bits when reading the Program Counter in “Stack Pointer” on page 14.
10. Added section “EEPROM Write During Power-down Sleep Mode” on page 25.
11. Changed VHYST value to 120 in Table 19 on page 52.
12. Added information about conversion time for Differential mode with Auto
Triggering on page 234.
13. Added tWD_FUSE in Table 128 on page 308.
14. Updated “Packaging Information” on page 16.
22
ATmega64(L)
2490PS–AVR–07/09
ATmega64(L)
Changes from Rev. 1. Changed the Endurance on the Flash to 10,000 Write/Erase Cycles.
2490B-09/02 to
Rev. 2490C-09/02
Changes from Rev. 1. Added 64-pad QFN/MLF Package and updated “Ordering Information” on page 15.
2490A-10/01 to
2. Added the section “Using all Locations of External Memory Smaller than 64 KB” on
Rev. 2490B-09/02
page 35.
3. Added the section “Default Clock Source” on page 39.
4. Renamed SPMCR to SPMCSR in entire document.
5. Added Some Preliminary Test Limits and Characterization Data
Removed some of the TBD's and corrected data in the following tables and pages:
Table 2 on page 24, Table 7 on page 38, Table 9 on page 41, Table 10 on page 41, Table
12 on page 42, Table 14 on page 43, Table 16 on page 44, Table 19 on page 52, Table 20
on page 56, Table 22 on page 58, “DC Characteristics” on page 325, Table 131 on page
327, Table 134 on page 330, Table 136 on page 333, and Table 137 - Table 144.
6. Removed Alternative Algortihm for Leaving JTAG Programming Mode.
See “Leaving Programming Mode” on page 321.
7. Improved description on how to do a polarity check of the ADC diff results in “ADC
Conversion Result” on page 242.
8. Updated Programming Figures:
Figure 138 on page 294 and Figure 147 on page 306 are updated to also reflect that AVCC
must be connected during Programming mode. Figure 142 on page 301 added to illustrate
how to program the fuses.
9. Added a note regarding usage of the “PROG_PAGELOAD
“PROG_PAGEREAD (0x7)” instructions on page 313.
(0x6)”
and
10. Updated “TWI – Two-wire Serial Interface” on page 198.
More details regarding use of the TWI Power-down operation and using the TWI as master
with low TWBRR values are added into the data sheet. Added the note at the end of the “Bit
Rate Generator Unit” on page 204. Added the description at the end of “Address Match Unit”
on page 205.
11. Updated Description of OSCCAL Calibration Byte.
In the data sheet, it was not explained how to take advantage of the calibration bytes for 2,
4, and 8 MHz Oscillator selections. This is now added in the following sections:
Improved description of “OSCCAL – Oscillator Calibration Register(1)” on page 43 and “Calibration Byte” on page 293.
12. When using external clock there are some limitations regards to change of frequency.
This is descried in “External Clock” on page 44 and Table 131 on page 327.
13. Added a sub section regarding OCD-system and power consumption in the section
“Minimizing Power Consumption” on page 49.
23
2490PS–AVR–07/09
14. Corrected typo (WGM-bit setting) for:
–
“Fast PWM Mode” on page 99 (Timer/Counter0).
–
“Phase Correct PWM Mode” on page 101 (Timer/Counter0).
–
“Fast PWM Mode” on page 152 (Timer/Counter2).
–
“Phase Correct PWM Mode” on page 153 (Timer/Counter2).
15. Corrected Table 81 on page 192 (USART).
16. Corrected Table 102 on page 262 (Boundary-Scan)
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2490PS–AVR–07/09