CYPRESS AN2131QC

The EZ-USBTM
Integrated Circuit
Technical Reference
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The EZ-USB Technical Reference Manual
Copyright 2000, Cypress Semiconductor
Corporation.
All rights reserved.
Development Kit — Getting Started
Documentation for the EZ-USB™ Xcelerator™ Development it. Includes an
overview of the kit, descriptions of kit components with installation instructions, and details about the development board.
Technical Reference
Documentation of the EZ-USB controller. Includes details about the CPU,
memory, input/output, ReNumeration™, bulk transfers, endpoint zero, isochronous transfers, interrupts, resets, power management, registers, AC/
DC parameters, and packages.
Appendices
Documentation for the 8051 enhanced core. Includes an introduction, an
architectural overview, and a hardware description.
Registers
EZ-USB register maps.
Technical Support:
Phone: (858) 613-7929
E-mail: [email protected]
Website:
www.cypress.com
EZ-USB
Technical Reference Manual
Version 1.9
May 2000
EZ-USB
Technical Reference Manual
Table of Contents
Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i
Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
1
Introducing EZ-USB ......................................................................1-1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
1.10
1.11
1.12
1.13
1.14
1.15
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Introduction ............................................................................................. 1-1
EZ-USB Block Diagrams ....................................................................... 1-2
The USB Specification ........................................................................... 1-3
Tokens and PIDs ..................................................................................... 1-4
Host is Master ......................................................................................... 1-5
1.5.1
Receiving Data from the Host .................................................. 1-6
1.5.2
Sending Data to the Host ......................................................... 1-6
USB Direction ......................................................................................... 1-6
Frame ...................................................................................................... 1-6
1.7.1
Bulk Transfers .......................................................................... 1-7
1.7.2
Interrupt Transfers ................................................................... 1-7
EZ-USB Transfer Types ......................................................................... 1-7
1.8.1
Isochronous Transfers ............................................................. 1-8
1.8.2
Control Transfers ..................................................................... 1-8
Enumeration ............................................................................................ 1-9
The USB Core ....................................................................................... 1-10
EZ-USB Microprocessor ...................................................................... 1-11
ReNumeration‘ ...................................................................................... 1-12
EZ-USB Endpoints ............................................................................... 1-12
1.13.1 EZ-USB Bulk Endpoints ......................................................... 1-13
1.13.2 EZ-USB Control Endpoint Zero ............................................ 1-13
1.13.3 EZ-USB Interrupt Endpoints ................................................. 1-14
1.13.4 EZ-USB Isochronous Endpoints ............................................ 1-14
Fast Transfer Modes ............................................................................. 1-14
Interrupts ............................................................................................... 1-15
Table of Contents
i
1.16
1.17
1.18
1.19
1.20
2
EZ-USB CPU .................................................................................. 2-1
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
2.11
3
Introduction ............................................................................................. 3-1
8051 Memory .......................................................................................... 3-2
Expanding EZ-USB Memory ................................................................. 3-4
CS# and OE# Signals .............................................................................. 3-5
EZ-USB ROM Versions ......................................................................... 3-7
EZ-USB Input/Output ................................................................... 4-1
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
ii
Introduction ............................................................................................. 2-1
8051 Enhancements ................................................................................ 2-1
EZ-USB Enhancements .......................................................................... 2-2
EZ-USB Register Interface ..................................................................... 2-2
EZ-USB Internal RAM ........................................................................... 2-3
I/O Ports .................................................................................................. 2-3
Interrupts ................................................................................................. 2-4
Power Control ......................................................................................... 2-5
SFRs ........................................................................................................ 2-6
Internal Bus ............................................................................................. 2-7
Reset ........................................................................................................ 2-7
EZ-USB Memory ............................................................................ 3-1
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
4
Reset and Power Management .............................................................. 1-15
EZ-USB Product Family ....................................................................... 1-16
Summary of AN2122, AN2126 Features ............................................. 1-16
Revision ID ........................................................................................... 1-17
Pin Descriptions .................................................................................... 1-18
Introduction ............................................................................................. 4-1
IO Ports ................................................................................................... 4-2
IO Port Registers ..................................................................................... 4-5
I2C Controller ......................................................................................... 4-6
8051 I2C Controller ................................................................................ 4-6
4.5.1
START ...................................................................................... 4-8
4.5.2
STOP ........................................................................................ 4-8
Control Bits ............................................................................................. 4-8
4.6.1
LASTRD ................................................................................... 4-9
4.6.2
DONE ....................................................................................... 4-9
4.6.3
ACK .......................................................................................... 4-9
Status Bits ............................................................................................... 4-9
4.7.1
BERR ...................................................................................... 4-10
Table of Contents
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
4.8
4.9
4.10
5
EZ-USB Enumeration and ReNumeration ..................................5-1
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
5.10
5.11
6
Introduction ............................................................................................. 5-1
The Default USB Device ........................................................................ 5-2
EZ-USB Core Response to EP0 Device Requests .................................. 5-4
Firmware Load ........................................................................................ 5-5
Enumeration Modes ................................................................................ 5-7
No Serial EEPROM ................................................................................ 5-8
Serial EEPROM Present, First Byte is 0xB0 .......................................... 5-9
Serial EEPROM Present, First Byte is 0xB2 ........................................ 5-10
ReNumeration‘ ...................................................................................... 5-11
Multiple ReNumerations‘ ..................................................................... 5-13
Default Descriptor ................................................................................. 5-13
EZ-USB Bulk Transfers .................................................................6-1
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.9
6.10
6.11
6.12
6.13
6.14
6.15
6.16
7
4.7.2
ID1, ID0 ................................................................................. 4-10
Sending I2C Data .................................................................................. 4-10
Receiving I2C Data ............................................................................... 4-11
I2C Boot Loader ................................................................................... 4-12
Introduction ............................................................................................. 6-1
Bulk IN Transfers ................................................................................... 6-4
Interrupt Transfers .................................................................................. 6-5
EZ-USB Bulk IN Example ..................................................................... 6-5
Bulk OUT Transfers ............................................................................... 6-6
Endpoint Pairing ..................................................................................... 6-8
Paired IN Endpoint Status ....................................................................... 6-9
Paired OUT Endpoint Status ................................................................. 6-10
Using Bulk Buffer Memory .................................................................. 6-10
Data Toggle Control ............................................................................. 6-11
Polled Bulk Transfer Example .............................................................. 6-13
Enumeration Note ................................................................................. 6-14
Bulk Endpoint Interrupts ...................................................................... 6-15
Interrupt Bulk Transfer Example .......................................................... 6-16
Enumeration Note ................................................................................. 6-21
The Autopointer .................................................................................... 6-22
EZ-USB Endpoint Zero ..................................................................7-1
7.1
7.2
7.3
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Introduction ............................................................................................. 7-1
Control Endpoint EP0 ............................................................................. 7-2
USB Requests ......................................................................................... 7-5
Table of Contents
iii
7.3.1
7.3.2
7.3.3
7.3.4
Get Status ................................................................................. 7-7
Set Feature ............................................................................. 7-10
Clear Feature ......................................................................... 7-12
Get Descriptor ....................................................................... 7-12
7.3.4.1
7.3.4.2
7.3.4.3
7.3.5
7.3.6
7.3.7
7.3.8
7.3.9
7.3.10
7.3.11
7.3.12
8
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
8.8
8.9
8.10
8.11
Introduction ............................................................................................. 8-1
8.1.1
Initialization ............................................................................. 8-2
Isochronous IN Transfers ........................................................................ 8-2
8.2.1
IN Data Transfers .................................................................... 8-3
Isochronous OUT Transfers .................................................................... 8-3
8.3.1
Initialization ............................................................................. 8-4
8.3.2
OUT Data Transfer .................................................................. 8-4
Setting Isochronous FIFO Sizes ............................................................. 8-5
Isochronous Transfer Speed .................................................................... 8-8
Fast Transfers .......................................................................................... 8-9
8.6.1
Fast Writes ............................................................................. 8-10
8.6.2
Fast Reads .............................................................................. 8-11
Fast Transfer Timing ............................................................................ 8-11
8.7.1
Fast Write Waveforms ........................................................... 8-12
8.7.2
Fast Read Waveforms ............................................................ 8-13
Fast Transfer Speed .............................................................................. 8-14
8.8.1
Disable ISO ............................................................................ 8-15
Other Isochronous Registers ................................................................. 8-15
8.9.1
Zero Byte Count Bits .............................................................. 8-16
ISO IN Response with No Data ............................................................ 8-17
Using the Isochronous FIFOs ............................................................... 8-17
EZ-USB Interrupts ......................................................................... 9-1
9.1
iv
Set Descriptor ........................................................................ 7-16
Set Configuration ................................................................... 7-19
Get Configuration .................................................................. 7-19
Set Interface ........................................................................... 7-20
Get Interface .......................................................................... 7-21
Set Address ............................................................................. 7-21
Sync Frame ............................................................................ 7-22
Firmware Load ...................................................................... 7-23
EZ-USB Isochronous Transfers .................................................... 8-1
8.1
9
Get Descriptor-Device............................................................... 7-14
Get Descriptor-Configuration.................................................... 7-15
Get Descriptor-String ................................................................ 7-16
Introduction ............................................................................................. 9-1
Table of Contents
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
9.6
9.7
9.8
9.9
9.10
9.11
9.12
9.13
9.14
10
EZ-USB Resets ..............................................................................10-1
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
10.6
10.7
11
Introduction ........................................................................................... 10-1
EZ-USB Power-On Reset (POR) .......................................................... 10-1
Releasing the 8051 Reset ...................................................................... 10-3
10.3.1 RAM Download ...................................................................... 10-4
10.3.2 EEPROM Load ...................................................................... 10-4
10.3.3 External ROM ........................................................................ 10-4
8051 Reset Effects ................................................................................ 10-4
USB Bus Reset ...................................................................................... 10-5
EZ-USB Disconnect ............................................................................. 10-7
Reset Summary ..................................................................................... 10-8
EZ-USB Power Management ......................................................11-1
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4
12
USB Core Interrupts ............................................................................... 9-1
Wakeup Interrupt .................................................................................... 9-2
USB Signaling Interrupts ........................................................................ 9-4
SUTOK, SUDAV Interrupts ................................................................... 9-8
SOF Interrupt .......................................................................................... 9-9
Suspend Interrupt .................................................................................... 9-9
USB RESET Interrupt ............................................................................ 9-9
Bulk Endpoint Interrupts ........................................................................ 9-9
USB Autovectors .................................................................................. 9-10
Autovector Coding ................................................................................ 9-11
I2C Interrupt .......................................................................................... 9-13
In Bulk NAK Interrupt - (AN2122/AN2126 only) ............................... 9-13
I2C STOP Complete Interrupt - (AN2122/AN2126 only) .................... 9-15
Introduction ........................................................................................... 11-1
Suspend ................................................................................................. 11-2
Resume .................................................................................................. 11-3
Remote Wakeup .................................................................................... 11-4
EZ-USB Registers .........................................................................12-1
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
12.5
12.6
12.7
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Introduction ........................................................................................... 12-1
Bulk Data Buffers ................................................................................. 12-3
Isochronous Data FIFOs ....................................................................... 12-4
Isochronous Byte Counts ...................................................................... 12-6
CPU Registers ....................................................................................... 12-8
Port Configuration ................................................................................ 12-9
Input-Output Port Registers ................................................................ 12-11
Table of Contents
v
12.8
12.9
12.10
12.11
12.12
12.13
12.14
12.15
12.16
12.17
13
EZ-USB AC/DC Parameters ....................................................... 13-1
13.1
14
13.0.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings ................................................... 13-1
13.0.2 Operating Conditions ............................................................ 13-1
13.0.3 DC Characteristics ................................................................ 13-1
Electrical Characteristics ...................................................................... 13-1
13.1.1 AC Electrical Characteristics ................................................ 13-2
13.1.2 General Memory Timing ........................................................ 13-2
13.1.3 Program Memory Read ......................................................... 13-2
13.1.4 Data Memory Read ................................................................ 13-2
13.1.5 Data Memory Write ............................................................... 13-3
13.1.6 Fast Data Write ..................................................................... 13-3
13.1.7 Fast Data Read ...................................................................... 13-3
EZ-USB Packaging ....................................................................... 14-1
14.1
14.2
14.3
vi
230-Kbaud UART Operation - AN2122, AN2126 ............................. 12-14
Isochronous Control/Status Registers ................................................. 12-14
I2C Registers ....................................................................................... 12-16
Interrupts ............................................................................................. 12-19
Endpoint 0 Control and Status Registers ............................................ 12-29
Endpoint 1-7 Control and Status Registers ......................................... 12-31
Global USB Registers ......................................................................... 12-37
Fast Transfers ...................................................................................... 12-46
SETUP Data ........................................................................................ 12-49
Isochronous FIFO Sizes ...................................................................... 12-50
44-Pin PQFP Package ........................................................................... 14-1
80-Pin PQFP Package ........................................................................... 14-3
48-Pin TQFP Package ........................................................................... 14-5
Table of Contents
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Figures
Figure 1-1.
Figure 1-2.
Figure 1-3.
Figure 1-4.
Figure 1-5.
Figure 1-6.
Figure 1-7.
Figure 1-8.
Figure 1-9.
Figure 1-10.
Figure 1-11.
Figure 1-12.
Figure 1-13.
Figure 2-1.
Figure 3-1.
Figure 3-2.
Figure 3-3.
Figure 3-4.
Figure 3-5.
Figure 3-6.
Figure 3-7.
Figure 4-1.
Figure 4-2.
Figure 4-3.
Figure 4-4.
Figure 4-5.
Figure 4-6.
Figure 4-7.
Figure 5-1.
Figure 5-2.
Figure 5-3.
Figure 6-1.
Figure 6-2.
Figure 6-3.
Figure 6-4.
Figure 6-5.
Figure 6-6.
Figure 6-7.
Figure 6-8.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
AN2131S (44 pin) Simplified Block Diagram .................................................. 1-2
AN2131Q (80 pin) Simplified Block Diagram .................................................. 1-3
USB Packets ...................................................................................................... 1-4
Two Bulk Transfers, IN and OUT ..................................................................... 1-7
An Interrupt Transfer ......................................................................................... 1-7
An Isochronous Transfer ................................................................................... 1-8
A Control Transfer ............................................................................................. 1-8
What the SIE Does ........................................................................................... 1-10
80-pin PQFP Package (AN2131Q) .................................................................. 1-18
44-pin PQFP Package with Port B (AN2121S, AN2122S, and AN2131S) .... 1-19
44-pin Package with Data Bus (AN2125S, AN2126S, AN2135S, and
AN2136) .......................................................................................................... 1-20
48-pin TQFP Package (AN2122T) .................................................................. 1-21
48-pin TQFP Package (AN2126T) .................................................................. 1-22
8051 Registers .................................................................................................... 2-3
EZ-USB 8-KB Memory Map - Addresses are in Hexadecimal ......................... 3-1
EZ-USB 4-KB Memory Map - Addresses are in Hexadecimal ......................... 3-1
Unused Bulk Endpoint Buffers (Shaded) Used as Data Memory ..................... 3-3
EZ-USB Memory Map with EA=0 .................................................................... 3-4
EZ-USB Memory Map with EA=1 .................................................................... 3-6
8-KB ROM, 2-KB RAM Version ...................................................................... 3-7
32-KB ROM, 4-KB RAM Version .................................................................... 3-8
EZ-USB Input/Output Pin ................................................................................. 4-2
Alternate Function is an OUTPUT .................................................................... 4-4
Alternate Function is an INPUT ........................................................................ 4-4
Registers Associated with PORTS A, B, and C ................................................ 4-5
General I2C Transfer ......................................................................................... 4-6
General FC Transfer .......................................................................................... 4-7
FC Registers ....................................................................................................... 4-8
USB Control and Status Register ..................................................................... 5-11
Disconnect Pin Logic ....................................................................................... 5-12
Typical Disconnect Circuit (DISCOE=1) ........................................................ 5-12
Two BULK Transfers, IN and OUT .................................................................. 6-1
Registers Associated with Bulk Endpoints ........................................................ 6-3
Anatomy of a Bulk IN Transfer ......................................................................... 6-4
Anatomy of a Bulk OUT Transfer ..................................................................... 6-7
Bulk Endpoint Toggle Control ........................................................................ 6-11
Example Code for a Simple (Polled) BULK Transfer ..................................... 6-14
Interrupt Jump Table ........................................................................................ 6-18
INT2 Interrupt Vector ...................................................................................... 6-19
List of Figures
vii
Figure 6-9.
Figure 6-10.
Figure 6-11.
Figure 6-12.
Figure 6-13.
Figure 6-14.
Figure 7-1.
Figure 7-2.
Figure 7-3.
Figure 7-4.
Figure 7-5.
Figure 8-1.
Figure 8-2.
Figure 8-3.
Figure 8-4.
Figure 8-5.
Figure 8-6.
Figure 8-7.
Figure 8-8.
Figure 8-9.
Figure 8-10.
Figure 8-11.
Figure 8-12.
Figure 8-13.
Figure 8-14.
Figure 8-15.
Figure 9-1.
Figure 9-2.
Figure 9-3.
Figure 9-4.
Figure 9-5.
Figure 9-6.
Figure 9-7.
Figure 9-8.
Figure 9-9.
Figure 9-10.
Figure 9-11.
Figure 9-12.
Figure 9-13.
Figure 10-1.
Figure 11-1.
Figure 11-2.
Figure 11-3.
Figure 11-4.
viii
Interrupt Service Routine (ISR) for Endpoint 6-OUT ..................................... 6-19
Background Program Transfers Endpoint 6-OUT Data to Endpoint 6-IN ...... 6-20
Initialization Routine ........................................................................................ 6-21
Autopointer Registers ...................................................................................... 6-23
Use of the Autopointer ..................................................................................... 6-24
8051 Code to Transfer External Data to a Bulk IN Buffer .............................. 6-25
A USB Control Transfer (This One Has a Data Stage) ..................................... 7-2
The Two Interrupts Associated with EP0 CONTROL Transfers ...................... 7-3
Registers Associated with EP0 Control Transfers ............................................. 7-4
Data Flow for a Get_Status Request .................................................................. 7-7
Using the Setup Data Pointer (SUDPTR) for Get_Descriptor Requests ......... 7-13
EZ-USB Isochronous Endpoints 8-15 ................................................................ 8-1
Isochronous IN Endpoint Registers ................................................................... 8-2
Isochronous OUT Registers ............................................................................... 8-4
FIFO Start Address Format ................................................................................ 8-5
Assembler Translates FIFO Sizes to Addresses ................................................ 8-7
8051 Code to Transfer Data to an Isochronous FIFO (IN8DATA) ................... 8-8
8051 MOVX Instructions ................................................................................... 8-9
Fast Transfer, EZ-USB to Outside Memory .................................................... 8-10
Fast Transfer, Outside Memory to EZ-USB .................................................... 8-11
The FASTXFR Register Controls FRD# and FWR# Strobes .......................... 8-11
Fast Write Timing ............................................................................................ 8-12
Fast Read Timing ............................................................................................. 8-13
8051 Code to Transfer 640 Bytes of External Data to an Isochronous
IN FIFO ............................................................................................................ 8-14
ISOCTL Register ............................................................................................. 8-15
ZBCOUT Register ........................................................................................... 8-16
EZ-USB Wakeup Interrupt ................................................................................ 9-2
USB Interrupts ................................................................................................... 9-4
The Order of Clearing Interrupt Requests is Important ..................................... 9-6
EZ-USB Interrupt Registers ............................................................................... 9-7
SUTOK and SUDAV Interrupts ........................................................................ 9-8
A Start Of Frame (SOF) Packet ......................................................................... 9-9
The Autovector Mechanism in Action ............................................................. 9-12
I2C Interrupt Enable Bits and Registers ........................................................... 9-13
IN Bulk NAK Interrupt Request Register ........................................................ 9-14
IN Bulk NAK Interrupt Enable Register .......................................................... 9-14
I2C Mode Register ............................................................................................ 9-15
I2C Control and Status Register ....................................................................... 9-15
I2C Data ............................................................................................................ 9-15
EZ-USB Resets ................................................................................................ 10-1
Suspend-Resume Control ................................................................................. 11-1
EZ-USB Suspend Sequence ............................................................................. 11-2
EZ-USB Resume Sequence ............................................................................. 11-3
USB Control and Status Register ..................................................................... 11-4
List of Figures
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Figure 12-1.
Figure 12-2.
Figure 12-3.
Figure 12-4.
Figure 12-5.
Figure 12-6.
Figure 12-7.
Figure 12-8.
Figure 12-9.
Figure 12-10.
Figure 12-11.
Figure 12-12.
Figure 12-13.
Figure 12-14.
Figure 12-15.
Figure 12-16.
Figure 12-17.
Figure 12-18.
Figure 12-19.
Figure 12-20.
Figure 12-21.
Figure 12-22.
Figure 12-23.
Figure 12-24.
Figure 12-25.
Figure 12-26.
Figure 12-27.
Figure 12-28.
Figure 12-29.
Figure 12-30.
Figure 12-31.
Figure 12-32.
Figure 12-33.
Figure 12-34.
Figure 12-35.
Figure 12-36.
Figure 12-37.
Figure 12-38.
Figure 12-39.
Figure 12-40.
Figure 12-41.
Figure 13-1.
Figure 13-2.
Figure 13-3.
Figure 13-4.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Register Description Format ............................................................................ 12-2
Bulk Data Buffers ............................................................................................ 12-3
Isochronous Data FIFOs .................................................................................. 12-4
Isochronous Byte Counts ................................................................................. 12-6
CPU Control and Status Register ..................................................................... 12-8
IO Port Configuration Registers ...................................................................... 12-9
Output Port Configuration Registers ............................................................. 12-11
PINSn Registers ............................................................................................. 12-12
Output Enable Registers ................................................................................ 12-13
230-Kbaud UART Operation Register .......................................................... 12-14
Isochronous OUT Endpoint Error Register ................................................... 12-14
Isochronous Control Register ........................................................................ 12-15
Zero Byte Count Register .............................................................................. 12-15
I2C Transfer Registers .................................................................................... 12-16
I2C Mode Register ......................................................................................... 12-18
Interrupt Vector Register ............................................................................... 12-19
IN/OUT Interrupt Request (IRQ) Registers ................................................... 12-20
USB Interrupt Request (IRQ) Registers ........................................................ 12-21
IN/OUT Interrupt Enable Registers ............................................................... 12-23
USB Interrupt Enable Register ...................................................................... 12-24
Breakpoint and Autovector Register .............................................................. 12-26
IN Bulk NAK Interrupt Request Register ...................................................... 12-27
IN Bulk NAK Interrupt Enable Register ....................................................... 12-27
IN/OUT Interrupt Enable Registers ............................................................... 12-28
Port Configuration Registers ......................................................................... 12-29
IN Control and Status Registers ..................................................................... 12-32
IN Byte Count Registers ................................................................................ 12-34
OUT Control and Status Registers ................................................................. 12-35
OUT Byte Count Registers ............................................................................ 12-36
Setup Data Pointer High/Low Registers ........................................................ 12-37
USB Control and Status Registers ................................................................. 12-38
Data Toggle Control Register ........................................................................ 12-40
USB Frame Count High/Low Registers ........................................................ 12-41
Function Address Register ............................................................................. 12-42
USB Endpoint Pairing Register ..................................................................... 12-43
IN/OUT Valid Bits Register .......................................................................... 12-44
Isochronous IN/OUT Endpoint Valid Bits Register ...................................... 12-45
Fast Transfer Control Register ....................................................................... 12-46
Auto Pointer Registers ................................................................................... 12-48
SETUP Data Buffer ....................................................................................... 12-49
SETUP Data Buffer ....................................................................................... 12-50
External Memory Timing ................................................................................ 13-4
Program Memory Read Timing ....................................................................... 13-4
Data Memory Read Timing ............................................................................. 13-5
Data Memory Write Timing ............................................................................ 13-5
List of Figures
ix
Figure 13-5.
Figure 13-6.
Figure 13-7.
Figure 13-8.
Figure 13-9.
Figure 13-10.
Figure 13-11.
Figure 13-12.
Figure 13-13.
Figure 14-1.
Figure 14-2.
Figure 14-3.
Figure 14-4.
Figure 14-5.
Figure 14-6.
Figure 14-7.
Figure 14-8.
Figure 14-9.
x
Fast Transfer Mode Block Diagram ................................................................. 13-6
Fast Transfer Read Timing [Mode 00] ............................................................ 13-7
Fast Transfer Write Timing [Mode 00] ............................................................ 13-7
Fast Transfer Read Timing [Mode 01] ............................................................ 13-8
Fast Transfer Write Timing [MODE 01] ......................................................... 13-8
Fast Transfer Read Timing [Mode 10] ............................................................ 13-9
Fast Transfer Write Timing [Mode 10] ............................................................ 13-9
Fast Transfer Read Timing [Mode 11] .......................................................... 13-10
Fast Transfer Write Timing [Mode 11] .......................................................... 13-10
44-Pin PQFP Package (Top View) .................................................................. 14-1
44-Pin PQFP Package (Side View) .................................................................. 14-1
44-Pin PQFP Package (Detail View) ............................................................... 14-2
80-Pin PQFP Package (Top View) .................................................................. 14-3
80-Pin PQFP Package (Side View) .................................................................. 14-3
80-Pin PQFP Package (Detail View) ............................................................... 14-4
48-Pin TQFP Package (Side View) ................................................................. 14-5
48-Pin TQFP Package (Top View) .................................................................. 14-5
48-Pin TQFP Package (Detail View) ............................................................... 14-6
List of Figures
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Tables
Table 1-1.
Table 1-2.
Table 1-3.
Table 2-1.
Table 2-2.
Table 4-1.
Table 4-2.
Table 4-3.
Table 5-1.
Table 5-2.
Table 5-3.
Table 5-4.
Table 5-5.
Table 5-6.
Table 5-7.
Table 5-8.
Table 5-9.
Table 5-10.
Table 5-11.
Table 5-12.
Table 5-13.
Table 5-14.
Table 5-14.
Table 5-15.
Table 5-16.
Table 5-17.
Table 5-18.
Table 5-19.
Table 6-1.
Table 6-2.
Table 6-3.
Table 6-4.
Table 6-5.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
USB PIDs............................................................................................................ 1-4
EZ-USB Series 2100 Family ............................................................................ 1-16
EZ-USB Series 2100 Pinouts by Pin Function ................................................. 1-23
EZ-USB Interrupts.............................................................................................. 2-4
Added Registers and Bits.................................................................................... 2-6
IO Pin Functions for PORTxCFG=0 and PORTxCFG=1 .................................. 4-3
Strap Boot EEPROM Address Lines to These Values ..................................... 4-13
Results of Power-On I2C Test .......................................................................... 4-14
EZ-USB Default Endpoints ................................................................................ 5-2
How the EZ-USB Core Handles EP0 Requests When ReNum=0 ..................... 5-4
Firmware Download ........................................................................................... 5-5
Firmware Upload ................................................................................................ 5-6
EZ-USB Core Action at Power-Up .................................................................... 5-7
EZ-USB Device Characteristics, No Serial EEPROM ....................................... 5-8
EEPROM Data Format for “B0” Load ............................................................... 5-9
EEPROM Data Format for “B2” Load ............................................................. 5-10
USB Default Device Descriptor ....................................................................... 5-13
USB Default Configuration Descriptor ............................................................ 5-14
USB Default Interface 0, Alternate Setting 0 Descriptor ................................. 5-14
USB Default Interface 0, Alternate Setting 1 Descriptor ................................. 5-15
USB Default Interface 0, Alternate Setting 1, Interrupt Endpoint Descriptor.. 5-15
USB Default Interface 0, Alternate Setting 1, Bulk Endpoint Descriptors ...... 5-16
USB Default Interface 0, Alternate Setting 1, Bulk Endpoint Descriptors ...... 5-17
USB Default Interface 0, Alternate Setting 1, Isochronous Endpoint
Descriptors ........................................................................................................ 5-18
USB Default Interface 0, Alternate Setting 2 Descriptor ................................. 5-19
USB Default Interface 0, Alternate Setting 1, Interrupt Endpoint Descriptor.. 5-19
USB Default Interface 0, Alternate Setting 2, Bulk Endpoint Descriptors ...... 5-20
USB Default Interface 0, Alternate Setting 2, Isochronous Endpoint
Descriptors ........................................................................................................ 5-21
EZ-USB Bulk, Control, and Interrupt Endpoints ............................................... 6-1
Endpoint Pairing Bits (in the USB PAIR Register)............................................ 6-8
EZ-USB Endpoint 0-7 Buffer Addresses.......................................................... 6-10
8051 INT2 Interrupt Vector .............................................................................. 6-16
Byte Inserted by EZ-USB Core at Location 0x45 if AVEN=1 ........................ 6-16
List of Tables
xi
Table 7-1.
Table 7-2.
Table 7-3.
Table 7-4.
Table 7-5.
Table 7-6.
Table 7-7.
Table 7-8.
Table 7-9.
Table 7-10.
Table 7-11.
Table 7-12.
Table 7-13.
Table 7-14.
Table 7-15.
Table 7-16.
Table 7-17.
Table 7-18.
Table 7-19.
Table 7-20.
Table 7-21.
Table 7-22.
Table 8-1.
Table 8-2.
Table 9-1.
Table 9-2.
Table 9-3.
Table 10-1.
Table 10-2.
Table 10-3.
Table 10-4.
Table 12-1.
Table 12-2.
Table 12-3.
Table 12-4.
Table 12-5.
Table 12-6.
Table 13-1.
Table 13-2.
xii
The Eight Bytes in a USB SETUP Packet .......................................................... 7-5
How the 8051 Handles USB Device Requests (ReNum=1) ............................... 7-6
Get Status-Device (Remote Wakeup and Self-Powered Bits) ............................ 7-8
Get Status-Endpoint (Stall Bits).......................................................................... 7-8
Get Status-Interface........................................................................................... 7-10
Set Feature-Device (Set Remote Wakeup Bit) ................................................. 7-10
Set Feature-Endpoint (Stall).............................................................................. 7-11
Clear Feature-Device (Clear Remote Wakeup Bit) .......................................... 7-12
Clear Feature-Endpoint (Clear Stall) ................................................................ 7-12
Get Descriptor-Device ...................................................................................... 7-14
Get Descriptor-Configuration ........................................................................... 7-15
Get Descriptor-String........................................................................................ 7-16
Set Descriptor-Device ....................................................................................... 7-16
Set Descriptor-Configuration............................................................................ 7-17
Set Descriptor-String......................................................................................... 7-17
Set Configuration .............................................................................................. 7-19
Get Configuration ............................................................................................. 7-19
Set Interface (Actually, Set Alternate Setting AS for Interface IF) .................. 7-20
Get Interface (Actually, Get Alternate Setting AS for interface IF) ................. 7-21
Sync Frame ....................................................................................................... 7-22
Firmware Download ......................................................................................... 7-23
Firmware Upload .............................................................................................. 7-23
Isochronous Endpoint FIFO Starting Address Registers .................................... 8-6
Addresses for RD# and WR# vs. ISODISAB bit.............................................. 8-15
EZ-USB Interrupts .............................................................................................. 9-1
8051 JUMP Instruction ..................................................................................... 9-10
A Typical USB Jump Table .............................................................................. 9-11
EZ-USB States After Power-On Reset (POR) .................................................. 10-2
EZ-USB States After a USB Bus Reset ............................................................ 10-6
Effects of an EZ-USB Disconnect and Re-connect .......................................... 10-7
Effects of Various EZ-USB Resets (“U” Means “Unaffected”)....................... 10-8
Bulk Endpoint Buffer Memory Addresses........................................................ 12-3
Isochronous Endpoint FIFO Register Addresses .............................................. 12-4
Isochronous Endpoint Byte Count Register Addresses .................................... 12-6
IO Pin Alternate Functions ............................................................................. 12-10
Control and Status Register Addresses for Endpoints 0-7 .............................. 12-31
Isochronous FIFO Start Address Registers ..................................................... 12-51
DC Characteristics ............................................................................................ 13-1
General Memory Timing .................................................................................. 13-2
List of Tables
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Table 13-3.
Table 13-4.
Table 13-5.
Table 13-6.
Table 13-7.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Program Memory Read..................................................................................... 13-2
Data Memory Read........................................................................................... 13-2
Data Memory Write .......................................................................................... 13-3
Fast Data Write ................................................................................................. 13-3
Fast Data Read .................................................................................................. 13-3
List of Tables
xiii
xiv
List of Tables
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
1 Introducing EZ-USB
1.1
Introduction
Like a well designed automobile or appliance, a USB peripheral’s outward simplicity
hides internal complexity. There’s a lot going on “under the hood” of a USB device,
which gives the user a new level of convenience. For example:
•
A USB device can be plugged in anytime, even when the PC is turned on.
•
When the PC detects that a USB device has been plugged in, it automatically interrogates the device to learn its capabilities and requirements. From this information, the PC automatically loads the device’s driver into the operating system.
When the device is unplugged, the operating system automatically logs it off and
unloads its driver.
•
USB devices do not use DIP switches, jumpers, or configuration programs. There
is never an IRQ, DMA, MEMORY, or IO conflict with a USB device.
•
USB expansion hubs make the bus available to dozens of devices.
•
USB is fast enough for printers, CD-quality audio, and scanners.
USB is defined in the Universal Serial Bus Specification Version 1.1 (http://usb.org), a
268-page document that describes all aspects of a USB device in elaborate detail. This
EZ-USB Technical Reference Manual describes the EZ-USB chip along with USB topics
that should provide help in understanding the Specification.
The Cypress Semiconductor EZ-USB is a compact integrated circuit that provides a
highly integrated solution for a USB peripheral device. Three key EZ-USB features are:
•
The EZ-USB family provides a soft (RAM-based) solution that allows unlimited
configuration and upgrades.
•
The EZ-USB family delivers full USB throughput. Designs that use EZ-USB are
not limited by number of endpoints, buffer sizes, or transfer speeds.
•
The EZ-USB family does much of the USB housekeeping in the EZ-USB core,
simplifying code and accelerating the USB learning curve.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
Page 1-1
This chapter introduces some key USB concepts and terminology that should make reading the rest of this Technical Reference Manual easier.
1.2
EZ-USB Block Diagrams
+5V
D+
D-
Serial
Interface
Engine
(SIE)
bytes
bytes
USB
Interface
GND
USB
Connector
Program &
Data
RAM
IO Ports
General
Purpose
Microprocessor
USB
Transceiver
EZ-USB
Figure 1-1. AN2131S (44 pin) Simplified Block Diagram
The Cypress Semiconductor EZ-USB chip packs the intelligence required by a USB
peripheral interface into a compact integrated circuit. As Figure 1-1 illustrates, an integrated USB transceiver connects to the USB bus pins D+ and D-. A Serial Interface
Engine (SIE) decodes and encodes the serial data and performs error correction, bit stuffing, and other signaling-level details required by USB, and ultimately transfers data bytes
to and from the USB interface.
The internal microprocessor is enhanced 8051 with fast execution time and added features. It uses internal RAM for program and data storage, making the EZ-USB family a
soft solution. The USB host downloads 8051 program code and device personality into
RAM over the USB bus, and then the EZ-USB chip re-connects as the custom device as
defined by the loaded code.
The EZ-USB family uses an enhanced SIE/USB interface (called the “USB Core”) which
has the intelligence to function as a full USB device even before the 8051. The enhanced
core simplifies 8051 code by implementing much of the USB protocol itself.
EZ-USB chips operate at 3.3V. This simplifies the design of bus-powered USB devices,
since the 5V power available in the USB connector (which the USB specification allows
to be as low as 4.4V) can drive a 3.3V regulator to deliver clean isolated power to the EZUSB chip.
Page 1-2
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
+5V
D+
D-
Serial
Interface
Engine
(SIE)
bytes
bytes
GND
USB
Connector
USB
Interface
Program &
Data
RAM
General
Purpose
Microprocessor
USB
Transceiver
IO Ports
Address Bus
Data Bus
External
Memory,
FIFOS,
etc.
EZ-USB
Figure 1-2. AN2131Q (80 pin) Simplified Block Diagram
Figure 1-2 illustrates the An2131Q, an 80-pin version of the EZ-USB family. In addition
to the 24 IO pins, it contains a 16-bit address bus and an 8-bit data bus for external memory expansion.
A special fast transfer mode moves data directly between external logic and internal USB
FIFOs. The fast transfer mode, along with abundant endpoint resources, allows the EZUSB family to support transfer bandwidths beyond the maximum required by the Universal Serial Bus Specification Version 1.1.
1.3
The USB Specification
The Universal Serial Bus Specification Version 1.1 is available on the Internet at http://
usb.org. Published in January 1998, the specification is the work of a founding committee of seven industry heavyweights: Compaq, DEC, IBM, Intel, Microsoft, NEC, and
Northern Telecom. This impressive list of implementers secures USB as the low to
medium speed PC connection method of the future.
A glance at the USB Specification makes it immediately apparent that USB is not nearly
as simple as the customary serial or parallel port. The specification uses new terms like
“endpoint,” isochronous,” and “enumeration,” and finds new uses for old terms like “configuration,” “interface,” and “interrupt.” Woven into the USB fabric is a software abstraction model that deals with things such as “pipes.” The specification also contains detail
about the connector types and wire colors.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
Page 1-3
1.4
Tokens and PIDs
In this manual, you will read statements like, “When the host sends an IN token...” or “The
device responds with an ACK.” What do these terms mean? A USB transaction consists
of data packets identified by special codes called Packet IDs or PIDs. A PID signifies
what kind of packet is being transmitted. There are four PID types, as shown in Table 1-1.
Table 1-1. USB PIDs
PID Type
A E
O
D N
U
D D
T
R P
C
R
C
5
D
A
T
A
1
PID Name
Token Data
IN, OUT, SOF, SETUP, DATA0, DATA1
Handshake
ACK, NAK, STALL
Special
PRE
Payload
Data
Token Packet
Data Packet
1
2
C
R
C
1
6
A
C
K
H/S Pkt
3
A E
O
D N
U
D D
T
R P
C
R
C
5
D
A
T
A
0
Payload
Data
C
R
C
1
6
A
C
K
Token Packet
Data Packet
H/S Pkt
4
5
6
Figure 1-3. USB Packets
Figure 1-3 illustrates a USB transfer. Packet j is an OUT token, indicated by the OUT
PID. The OUT token signifies that data from the host is about to be transmitted over the
bus. Packet !k contains data, as indicated by the DATA1 PID. Packet l is a handshake
packet, sent by the device using the ACK (acknowledge) PID to signify to the host that the
device received the data error-free.
Continuing with Figure 1-3, a second transaction begins with another OUT token m, followed by more data n, this time using the DATA0 PID. Finally, the device again indicates
success by transmitting the ACK PID in a handshake packet o.
Why two DATA PIDs, DATA0 and DATA1? It’s because the USB architects took error
correction very seriously. As mentioned previously, the ACK handshake is a signal to the
host that the peripheral received data without error (the CRC portion of the packet is used
to detect errors). But what if a handshake packet itself is garbled in transmission? To
detect this, each side, host and device maintains a data toggle bit, which is toggled
between data packet transfers. The state of this internal toggle bit is compared with the
Page 1-4
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
PID that arrives with the data, either DATA0 or DATA1. When sending data, the host or
device sends alternating DATA0-DATA1 PIDs. By comparing the Data PID with the state
of the internal toggle bit, the host or device can detect a corrupted handshake packet.
SETUP tokens are unique to CONTROL transfers. They preface eight bytes of data from
which the peripheral decodes host Device Requests.
SOF tokens occur once per millisecond, denoting a USB frame.
There are three handshake PIDs: ACK, NAK, and STALL.
•
ACK means “success;” the data was received error-free.
•
NAK means “busy, try again.” It’s tempting to assume that NAK means “error,”
but it doesn’t. A USB device indicates an error by not responding.
•
STALL means that something unforeseen went wrong (probably as a result of miscommunication or lack of cooperation between the software and firmware writers).
A device sends the STALL handshake to indicate that it doesn’t understand a
device request, that something went wrong on the peripheral end, or that the host
tried to access a resource that isn’t there. It’s like “halt,” but better, because USB
provides a way to recover from a stall.
A PRE (Preamble) PID precedes a low-speed (1.5 Mbps) USB transmission. The EZUSB family supports high-speed (12 Mbps) USB transfers only, so it ignores PRE packets
and the subsequent low-speed transfer.
1.5
Host is Master
This is a fundamental USB concept. There is exactly one master in a USB system: the
host computer. USB devices respond to host requests. USB devices cannot send information between themselves, as they could if USB were a peer-to-peer topology.
Actually, there is one case where a USB device can initiate signaling without prompting
from the host. After being put into a low-power suspend mode by the host, a device can
signal a remote wakeup. But that’s the only way to “yank the host’s chain.” Everything
else happens because the host makes device requests and the device responds to them.
There’s an excellent reason for this host-centric model. The USB architects were keenly
mindful of cost, and the best way to make low-cost peripherals is to put most of the smarts
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
Page 1-5
into the host side, the PC. If USB had been defined as peer-to-peer, every USB device
would have required more intelligence, raising cost.
Here are two important consequences of the “host is master” concept:
1.5.1
Receiving Data from the Host
To send data to a USB peripheral, the host issues an OUT token followed by the data. If
the peripheral has space for the data, and accepts it without error, it returns an ACK to the
host. If it is busy, it instead sends a NAK. If it finds an error, it sends nothing back. For
the latter two cases, the host re-sends the data at a later time.
1.5.2
Sending Data to the Host
A USB device never spontaneously sends data to the host. Nevertheless, in the EZ-USB
chip, there’s nothing to stop the 8051 from loading data for the host into an endpoint
buffer (Section 1.13, "EZ-USB Endpoints") and arming it for transfer. But the data will sit
in the buffer until the host sends an IN token to that particular endpoint. If the host never
sends the IN token, the data sits there indefinitely.
1.6
USB Direction
Once you accept that the host is the bus master, it’s easy to remember USB direction: OUT
means from the host to the device, and IN means from the device to the host. EZ-USB
nomenclature uses this naming convention. For example, an endpoint that sends data to
the host is an IN endpoint. This can be confusing at first, because the 8051 sends data by
loading an IN endpoint buffer, but keeping in mind that an 8051 out is IN to the host, it
makes sense.
1.7
Frame
The USB host provides a time base to all USB devices by transmitting a SOF (Start Of
Frame) packet every millisecond. The SOF packet includes an incrementing, 11-bit frame
count. The 8051 can read this frame count from two EZ-USB registers. SOF-time has
significance for isochronous endpoints; it’s the time that the ping-ponging buffers switch
places. The EZ-USB core provides the 8051 with an SOF interrupt request for servicing
isochronous endpoint data.
Page 1-6
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
1.8
EZ-USB Transfer Types
USB defines four transfer types. These match the requirements of different data types
delivered over the bus. (Section 1.13, "EZ-USB Endpoints" explains how the EZ-USB
family supports the four transfer types.)
1.8.1
Bulk Transfers
A E
I D N
N D D
R P
C
R
C
5
Token Packet
D
A
T
A
1
C
R
C
1
6
Payload
Data
Data Packet
A E
O
D N
U
D D
T
R P
A
C
K
D
A
T
A
0
C
R
C
5
Token Packet
H/S Pkt
Payload
Data
Data Packet
C
R
C
1
6
A
C
K
H/S Pkt
Figure 1-4. Two Bulk Transfers, IN and OUT
Bulk data is bursty, traveling in packets of 8, 16, 32, or 64 bytes. Bulk data has guaranteed
accuracy, due to an automatic re-try mechanism for erroneous data. The host schedules
bulk packets when there is available bus time. Bulk transfers are typically used for printer,
scanner, or modem data. Bulk data has built-in flow control provided by handshake packets.
1.8.2
Interrupt Transfers
A E
I D N
N D D
R P
C
R
C
5
Token Packet
D
A
T
A
1
Payload
Data
Data Packet
C
R
C
1
6
A
C
K
H/S Pkt
Figure 1-5. An Interrupt Transfer
Interrupt data is like bulk data, but exists only for IN endpoints in the “Universal Serial
Bus Specification Version 1.1.” Interrupt data can have packet sizes of 1-64 bytes. Interrupt endpoints have an associated polling interval that ensures that they will be pinged
(will receive an IN token) by the host on a regular basis.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
Page 1-7
1.8.3
Isochronous Transfers
A E
I D N
N D D
R P
D
A
T
A
0
C
R
C
5
C
R
C
1
6
Payload
Data
Token Packet
Data Packet
Figure 1-6. An Isochronous Transfer
Isochronous data is time-critical and used for streaming data like audio and video. Time
of delivery is the most important requirement for isochronous data. In every USB frame, a
certain amount of USB bandwidth is allocated to isochronous transfers. To lighten the
overhead, isochronous transfers have no handshake (ACK/NAK/STALL), and no retries.
Error detection is limited to a 16-bit CRC. Isochronous transfers do not use the data toggle mechanism; isochronous data uses only the DATA0 PID.
1.8.4
Control Transfers
S
A
E
D
T
D
U
R
P
Token
E
N
D
P
D
A
T
A
0
C
R
C
5
Packet
A E
I D N
N D D
R P
C
R
C
5
C
R
C
5
Token Packet
C
R
C
1
6
Data Packet
D
A
T
A
1
Payload
Data
Data Packet
Token Packet
A E
O
D N
U
D D
T
R P
8 bytes
Setup
Data
D
A
T
A
1
Data
A
C
K
SETUP
Stage
H/S Pkt
C
R
C
1
6
A
C
K
DATA
Stage
(optional)
H/S Pkt
C
R
A
C
C
1
K
6
Pkt H/S Pkt
STATUS
Stage
Figure 1-7. A Control Transfer
Control transfers are used to configure and send commands to a device. Being mission
critical, they employ the most extensive error checking USB offers. Control transfers are
delivered on a best effort basis by the host (best effort is defined by a six-step process in
the Universal Serial Bus Specification Version 1.1, “Section 5.5.4”). The host reserves a
part of each USB frame time for Control transfers.
Page 1-8
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Control transfers consist of two or three stages. The SETUP stage contains eight bytes of
USB CONTROL data. An optional DATA stage contains more data, if required. The
STATUS (or handshake) stage allows the device to indicate successful completion of a
control operation.
1.9
Enumeration
Your computer is ON. You plug in a USB device, and the Windows cursor switches to
an hourglass, and then back to a cursor. And magically, your device is connected and its
Windows driver is loaded! Anyone who has installed a sound card into a PC and had to
configure countless jumpers, drivers, and IO/Interrupt/DMA settings knows that a USB
connection can be like a miracle. We’ve all heard about Plug and Play, but USB delivers
the real thing.
How does all this happen automatically? Inside every USB device is a table of ‘descriptors’ that are the sum total of the device’s requirements and capabilities. When you plug
into USB, the host goes through a ‘sign-on’ sequence:
1. The host sends a “Get_Descriptor/Device” request to address zero (devices must
respond to address zero when first attached).
2. The device dutifully responds to this request by sending ID data back to the host
telling what it is.
3. The host sends the device a “Set_Address” request, which gives it a unique address
to distinguish it from the other devices connected to the bus.
4. The host sends more “Get_Descriptor” requests, asking more device information.
from this, it learns everything else about the device, like how many endpoints the
device has, its power requirements, what bus bandwidth it requires, and what
driver to load.
This sign-on process is called Enumeration.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
Page 1-9
1.10
The USB Core
A E
O
D N
U
D D
T
R P
C
R
C
5
Token Packet
D
A
T
A
1
C
R
C
1
6
Payload
Data
Data Packet
A
C
K
H/S Pkt
A E
O
D N
U
D D
T
R P
C
R
C
5
D
A
T
A
0
Token Packet
Payload
Data
Data Packet
C
R
C
1
6
A
C
K
H/S Pkt
Payload
Data
Serial
Interface
Engine
(SIE)
D+
D-
USB
Tranceiver
Payload
Data
A
C
K
Figure 1-8. What the SIE Does
Every USB device has a Serial Interface Engine (SIE). The SIE connects to the USB data
lines D+ and D-, and delivers bytes to and from the USB device. Figure 1-8 illustrates a
USB bulk transfer, with time moving from left to right. The SIE decodes the packet PIDs,
performs error checking on the data using the transmitted CRC bits, and delivers payload
data to the USB device. If the SIE encounters an error in the data, it automatically indicates no response instead of supplying a handshake PID. This instructs the host to retransmit the data at a later time.
Bulk transfers such as the one illustrated in Figure 1-8 are asynchronous, meaning that
they include a flow control mechanism using ACK and NAK handshake PIDs. The SIE
indicates busy to the host by sending a NAK handshake packet. When the peripheral
device has successfully transferred the data, it commands the SIE to send an ACK handshake packet, indicating success.
To send data to the host, the SIE accepts bytes and control signals from the USB device,
formats it for USB transfer, and sends it over the two-wire USB. Because the USB uses a
self-clocking data format (NRZI), the SIE also inserts bits at appropriate places in the bit
stream to guarantee a certain number of transitions in the serial data. This is called “bit
stuffing,” and is transparently handled by the SIE.
Page 1-10
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
One of the most important features of the EZ-USB family is that it is soft. Instead of
requiring ROM or other fixed memory, it contains internal program/data RAM that is
downloaded over the USB itself to give the device its unique personality. This make modifications, specification revisions, and updates a snap.
The EZ-USB family can connect as a USB device and download code into internal RAM,
all while its internal 8051 is held in RESET. This is done by an enhanced SIE, which does
all of the work shown in Figure 1-8, and more. It contains additional logic to perform a
full enumeration, using an internal table of descriptors. It also responds to a vendor specific “Firmware Download” device request to load its internal RAM. An added bonus is
that the added SIE functionality is also made available to the 8051. This saves 8051 code
and processing time.
Throughout this manual, the SIE and its enhancements are referred to as the “USB Core.”
1.11
EZ-USB Microprocessor
The EZ-USB microprocessor is an enhanced 8051 core. Use of an 8051 compatible processor makes extensive software support tools immediately available to the EZ-USB
designer. This enhanced 8051 core, described in Chapter 2, "EZ-USB CPU" and Appendices A-C, has the following features:
•
4-clock cycle, as compared to the 12-clock cycle of a standard 8051, giving a 3X
speed improvement.
•
Dual data pointers for faster memory-to-memory transfers.
•
Two UARTs.
•
Three counter-timers.
•
An expanded interrupt system.
•
24-MHz clock.
•
256 bytes of internal register RAM.
•
Standard 8051 instruction set—if you know the 8051, you know EZ-USB
The enhanced 8051 core uses on-chip RAM as program and data memory, giving EZ-USB
its soft feature. Chapter 3, "EZ-USB Memory" describes the various memory options.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
Page 1-11
The 8051 communicates with the SIE using a set of registers, which occupy the top of the
on-chip RAM address space. These registers are grouped and described by function in
individual chapters of this reference manual, and summarized in register order in Chapter
12, "EZ-USB Registers."
The EZ-USB 8051 has two duties. First, it participates in the protocol defined in the Universal Serial Bus Specification Version 1.1, “Chapter 9, USB Device Framework.”
Thanks to EZ-USB enhancements to the SIE and USB interface, the 8051 firmware associated with USB overhead is simplified, leaving code space and bandwidth available for
the 8051’s primary duty, to help implement your device. On the device side, abundant
input/output resources are available, including IO ports, UARTs, and an I2C bus master
controller. These resources are described in Chapter 4, "EZ-USB Input/Output."
1.12
ReNumeration
Because it is soft, the EZ-USB chip can take on the identities of multiple distinct USB
devices. The first device downloads your 8051 firmware and USB descriptor tables over
the USB cable when the peripheral device is plugged in. Once downloaded, another
device comes on as a totally different USB peripheral as defined by the downloaded information. This two-step process, called ReNumeration, happens instantly when the
device is plugged in, with no hint that the initial load step has occurred.
Chapter 5, "EZ-USB Enumeration and ReNumeration‘" describes this feature in detail,
along with other EZ-USB boot (startup) modes.
1.13
EZ-USB Endpoints
The Universal Serial Bus Specification Version 1.1 defines an endpoint as a source or sink
of data. Since USB is a serial bus, a device endpoint is actually a FIFO which sequentially
empties/fills with USB bytes. The host selects a device endpoint by sending a 4-bit
address and one direction bit. Therefore, USB can uniquely address 32 endpoints, IN0
through IN15 and OUT0 through OUT15.
From the EZ-USB point of view, an endpoint is a buffer full of bytes received or to be
transmitted over the bus. The 8051 reads endpoint data from an OUT buffer, and writes
endpoint data for transmission over USB to an IN buffer.
Four USB endpoint types are defined as: Bulk, Control, Interrupt, and Isochronous.
Page 1-12
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
1.13.1 EZ-USB Bulk Endpoints
Bulk endpoints are unidirectional—one endpoint address per direction. Therefore endpoint 2-IN is addressed differently than endpoint 2-OUT. Bulk endpoints use maximum
packet sizes (and therefore buffer sizes) of 8, 16, 32, or 64 bytes. EZ-USB provides fourteen bulk endpoints, divided into seven IN endpoints (endpoint 1-IN through 7-IN), and
seven OUT endpoints (endpoint 1-OUT through 7-OUT). Each of the fourteen endpoints
has a 64-byte buffer.
Bulk data is available to the 8051 in RAM form, or as FIFO data using a special EZ-USB
Autopointer (Chapter 6, "EZ-USB Bulk Transfers").
1.13.2 EZ-USB Control Endpoint Zero
Control endpoints transfer mission-critical control information to and from the USB
device. The Universal Serial Bus Specification Version 1.1 requires every USB device to
have a default CONTROL endpoint, endpoint zero. Device enumeration, the process that
the host initiates when the device is first plugged in, is conducted over endpoint zero. The
host sends all USB requests over endpoint zero.
Control endpoints are bi-directional; if you have an endpoint 0 IN CONTROL endpoint,
you automatically have an endpoint 0 OUT endpoint. Control endpoints alone accept
SETUP PIDs.
A CONTROL transfer consists of a two or three stage sequence:
•
SETUP
•
DATA (If needed)
•
HANDSHAKE
Eight bytes of data in the SETUP portion of the CONTROL transfer have special USB
significance, as defined in the Universal Serial Bus Specification Version 1.1, “Chapter
9.” A USB device must respond properly to the requests described in this chapter to pass
USB compliance testing (usually referred to as the USB “Chapter Nine Test”).
Endpoint zero is the only CONTROL endpoint in the EZ-USB chip. The 8051 responds to
device requests issued by the host over endpoint zero. The EZ-USB core is significantly
enhanced to simplify the 8051 code required to service these requests. Chapter 7, "EZUSB Endpoint Zero" provides a detailed roadmap for writing USB Chapter 9 compliant
8051 code.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
Page 1-13
1.13.3 EZ-USB Interrupt Endpoints
Interrupt endpoints are almost identical to bulk endpoints. Fourteen EZ-USB endpoints
(EP1-EP7, IN, and OUT) may be used as interrupt endpoints. Interrupt endpoints have
maximum packet sizes up to 64, and contain a “polling interval” byte in their descriptor to
tell the host how often to service them. The 8051 transfers data over interrupt endpoints in
exactly the same way as for bulk endpoints. Interrupt endpoints are described in Chapter
6, "EZ-USB Bulk Transfers."
1.13.4 EZ-USB Isochronous Endpoints
Isochronous endpoints deliver high bandwidth, time critical data over USB. Isochronous
endpoints are used to stream data to devices such as audio DACs, and from devices such
as cameras and scanners. Time of delivery is the most critical requirement, and isochronous endpoints are tailored to this requirement. Once a device has been granted an isochronous bandwidth slot by the host, it is guaranteed to be able to send or receive its data
every frame.
EZ-USB contains 16 isochronous endpoints, numbered 8-15 (8IN-15IN, and 8OUT15OUT). 1,024 bytes of FIFO memory are available to the 16 endpoints, and may be
FIFO memory to provide double-buffering. Using double buffering, the 8051 reads OUT
data from isochronous endpoint FIFOs containing data from the previous frame while the
host writes current frame data into the other buffer. Similarly, the 8051 loads IN data into
isochronous endpoint FIFOs that will be transmitted over USB during the next frame
while the host reads current frame data from the other buffer. At every SOF the USB
FIFOs and 8051 FIFOs switch, or ping-pong.
Isochronous transfers are described in Chapter 8, "EZ-USB Isochronous Transfers."
1.14
Fast Transfer Modes
The following versions of the EZ-USB have a fast transfer mode: AN2125SC,
AN2126SC, AN2135SC, AN2136SC, and AN2131QC, that is, those versions that have a
data bus (see Table 1-2). The fast transfer mode minimizes the transfer time from EZ-USB
core also supplies external FIFO read and write strobes to synchronize the transfers.
Using the fast transfer mode, the 8051 transfers a byte of data between an internal FIFO
and the external bus using a single 8051 MOVX instruction, which takes two cycles or
333 ns. Both Isochronous and Bulk endpoints can use this fast transfer mode.
Page 1-14
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
1.15
Interrupts
The EZ-USB enhanced 8051 adds seven interrupt sources to the standard 8051 interrupt
system. Three of the added interrupts are used internally, and the others are available on
device pins. INT2 is used for all USB interrupts. INT3 is used by the I2C interface. A
third interrupt is used for remote wakeup indication.
The EZ-USB core automatically supplies jump vectors (Autovectors) for its USB interrupts to save the 8051 from having to test bits to determine the source of the interrupt.
Each BULK/CONTROL/INTERRUPT endpoint has its own vector, so when an endpoint
requires service, the proper interrupt service routine is automatically invoked. The 8051
services all isochronous endpoints in response to a SOF (Start Of Frame) interrupt request.
Chapter 9, "EZ-USB Interrupts" describes the EZ-USB interrupt system.
1.16
Reset and Power Management
The EZ-USB chip contains four resets:
•
Power-On-Reset (POR)
•
USB bus reset
•
8051 reset
•
USB Disconnect/Re-connect
The functions of the various EZ-USB resets are described in Chapter 10, "EZ-USB
Resets."
A USB peripheral may be put into a low power state when the host signals a suspend operation. The Universal Serial Bus Specification Version 1.1 states that a bus powered device
cannot draw more than 500 uA of current from the Vcc wire while in suspend. The EZUSB chip contains logic to turn off its internal oscillator and enter a sleep state. A special
interrupt, triggered by a wakeup pin or wakeup signaling on the USB bus, starts the oscillator and interrupts the 8051 to resume operation.
Low power operation is described in Chapter 11, "EZ-USB Power Management."
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
Page 1-15
1.17
EZ-USB Product Family
The EZ-USB family is available in various pinouts to serve different system requirements
and costs. Table 1-2 shows the feature set for each member of the EZ-USB Series 2100
Family.
Table 1-2. EZ-USB Series 2100 Family
Part
Number
RAM
Size
AN2121S
AN2122S
Key Features
Data Bus
I/O Rate
Prog
or Port B Bytes/s Max I/Os
Package
Max UART
(Async) Speed
(Kbaud)
Power
Saving
Option
IBN/
STOP
ISO
Support
Endpoints
4KB
Y
32
Port B
600K
16
S = 44 PQFP
115.2
N
N
4KB
N
13
Port B
600K
16
S = 44 PQFP
230.4
N
Y
AN2122T
4KB
N
13
Port B
600K
19
T = 48 TQFP
230.4
Y
Y
AN2125S
4KB
Y
32
Data Bus
2M
8
S = 44 PQFP
115.2
N
N
AN2126S
4KB
N
13
Data Bus
2M
8
S = 44 PQFP
230.4
N
Y
AN2126T
4KB
N
13
Data Bus
2M
11
T = 48 TQFP
230.4
Y
Y
AN2131Q
8KB
Y
32
Both
2M
24
Q = 80 PQFP
115.2
N
N
AN2131S
8KB
Y
32
Port B
600K
16
S = 44 PQFP
115.2
N
N
AN2135S
8KB
Y
32
Data Bus
2M
8
S = 44 PQFP
115.2
N
N
AN2136S
8KB
N
16
Data Bus
2M
8
S = 44 PQFP
115.2
N
N
1.18
Summary of AN2122, AN2126 Features
This section summarizes the features of the AN2122 and AN2126 packages. These features are not available in the other packages of the EZ-USB family.
Power Saving Option
To reduce power, the 8051 processor can be run at half speed. When the CPU12MHZ pin
is tied high, the 8051 processor core runs at 12 MHz. When tied low, the 8051 runs at the
normal 24 MHz. The logic state of this pin should never be changed while the 8051 is
running.
230 Kbaud UART Operation
Two control bits in a register, UART230, allow 230-Kbaud operation by UART0 and
UART1 (see Section 12.8, "230-Kbaud UART Operation - AN2122, AN2126").
Page 1-16
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
48-pin Variants
There are two 48-pin devices:
AN2122T
AN2126T
The four extra pins are used as follows:
•
•
PA7, PA6, and PA0 are GPIO pins. This makes five of the eight PORTA pins
available (all except PA1-PA3).
CPU12MHZ - This input controls the speed of the 8051:
- tied high 12 MHz
- tied low 24 MHz
Bulk Endpoints
The AN2122 and AN2126 have a reduced set of thirteen bulk endpoints (see Section 6.1,
"Introduction").
Interrupts
The AN2122 and AN2126 contain two interrupts not present in the other AN21xx family
members.
•
An IBN (In-Bulk NAK) interrupt request activates when an IN packet is NAKd by
the SIE because the 8051 has not loaded the buffer (and byte count register) for an
IN endpoint. This is useful for applications that need to know when the host is
pinging an IN endpoint (see Section 9.13, "In Bulk NAK Interrupt - (AN2122/
AN2126 only)").
•
An I2C interrupt source is added to the I2C interrupt (INT3), indicating that transmission of a STOP bit is complete (see Section 9.14, "I2C STOP Complete Interrupt - (AN2122/AN2126 only)").
1.19
Revision ID
The Revision ID for each part is shown in Table 1.2. The revision value is reported in the
internal DID (Device ID), which is the value read by the host during enumeration if no
EEPROM is connected to the I2C bus. This value also appears in the CPUCS register bits.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
Page 1-17
1.20
Pin Descriptions
PC7/RD#
VCC
GND
PB1/T2EX
PB0/T2
PB2/RxD1
PB3/TxD1
D0
D1
D2
D3
PB4/INT4
PB5/INT5#
PB6/INT6
PB7/T2out
GND
D4
D5
D6
BKPT
D7
VCC
SDA
GND
Figures 1-9 through 1-13 are pin descriptions by package type. Table 1-3 describes the
pins by pin function.
64 63 62 61 60 59 58 57 56 55 54 53 52 51 50 49 48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41
SCL
65
40
PC6/WR#
WAKEUP#
66
39
PC5/T1
NC
67
38
PC4/T0
PA0/T0out
68
37
A15
PA1/T1out
69
36
A14
PA2/OE#
70
35
A13
PA3/CS#
71
34
A12
GND
72
33
PC3/INT1#
PA4/FWR#
73
32
PC2/INT0#
PA5/FRD#
74
31
PC1/TxD0
PA6/RXD0out
75
30
PC0/RxD0
PA7/RXD1out
76
29
A11
USBD-
77
28
A10
GND
78
27
A9
USBD+
79
26
A8
PSEN#
80
25
RESET
EA
VCC
GND
AVCC
XOUT
XIN
AGND
GND
A7
A6
GND
A2
GND
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
A5
8
A4
7
A3
6
A1
GND
5
A0
VCC
4
GND
3
GND
2
CLK24
1
DISCON#
80 PQFP
14 x 20 mm
Figure 1-9. 80-pin PQFP Package (AN2131Q)
Page 1-18
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
VCC
DISCON#
USBD+
USBD-
PA5/FRD#
PA4/FWR#
GND
WAKEUP#
SCL
SDA
GND
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
GND
1
33
VCC
CLK24
2
32
BKPT
GND
3
31
PB7/T2OUT
GND
4
30
PB6/INT6
GND
5
29
PB5/INT5#
GND
6
28
PB4/INT4
AGND
7
27
PB3/TxD2
XIN
8
26
PB2/RxD2
XOUT
9
25
PB1/T2EX
AVCC
10
24
PB0/T2
VCC
11
23
GND
19
20
PC6/WR#
21
22
VCC
18
PC7/RD#
17
PC5/T1
PC0/RxD0
16
PC4/T0
RESET
15
PC3/INT1#
14
PC2/INT0#
13
PC1/TxD0
12
GND
44 PQFP
10 x 10 mm
Figure 1-10. 44-pin PQFP Package with Port B (AN2121S, AN2122S, and AN2131S)
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
Page 1-19
VCC
DISCON#
USBD+
USBD-
PA5/FRD#
PA4/FWR#
GND
WAKEUP#
SCL
SDA
GND
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
GND
1
33
VCC
CLK24
2
32
BKPT
GND
3
31
D7
GND
4
30
D6
GND
5
29
D5
GND
6
28
D4
AGND
7
27
D3
XIN
8
26
D2
XOUT
9
25
D1
AVCC
10
24
D0
VCC
11
23
GND
17
18
19
20
21
22
PC5/T1
PC6/WR#
PC7/RD#
VCC
PC0/RxD0
16
PC4/T0
RESET
15
PC3/INT1#
14
PC2/INT0#
13
PC1/TxD0
12
GND
44 PQFP
10 x 10 mm
Figure 1-11. 44-pin Package with Data Bus (AN2125S, AN2126S, AN2135S, and AN2136)
Page 1-20
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
PA5/FRD#
PA4/FWR#
43
42
41
40
39
GND
PA6/RxD0OUT
44
SDA
USBD45
SCL
USBD+
46
WAKEUP#
DISCON#
47
GND
VCC
48
38
37
GND
1
36
VCC
CLK24
2
35
BKPT
GND
3
34
PA0/T0OUT
GND
4
33
PB7/T2OUT
GND
5
32
PB6/INT6
GND
6
31
PB5/INT5#
AGND
7
30
PB4/INT4
PA7/RxD1OUT
8
29
PB3/TxD1
XIN
9
28
PB2/RxD1
XOUT
10
27
PB1/T2EX
AVCC
11
26
PB0/T2
VCC
12
25
GND
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
PC2/INT0#
PC3/INT1#
PC4/T0
PC5/T1
PC6/WR#
PC7/RD#
24
VCC
16
PC1/TxD0
15
CPU12MHZ
14
RESET
GND
13
PC0/RxD0
48 TQFP
7 x 7 mm
Analog VCC and GND
Extra pins in 48-pin package
Digital GND
Digital VCC
Figure 1-12. 48-pin TQFP Package (AN2122T)
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
Page 1-21
VCC
DISCON#
USBD+
USBD-
PA6/RxD0OUT
PA5/FRD#
PA4/FWR#
GND
WAKEUP#
SCL
SDA
GND
48
47
46
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
GND
1
36
VCC
CLK24
2
35
BKPT
GND
3
34
PA0/T0OUT
GND
4
33
D7
GND
5
32
D6
GND
6
31
D5
AGND
7
30
D4
PA7/RxD1OUT
8
29
D3
XIN
9
28
D2
XOUT
10
27
D1
AVCC
11
26
D0
VCC
12
25
GND
48 TQFP
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
PC2/INT0#
PC3/INT1#
PC4/T0
PC5/T1
PC6/WR#
PC7/RD#
24
VCC
16
PC1/TxD0
15
PC0/RxD0
14
CPU12MHZ
GND
13
RESET
7 x 7 mm
Analog VCC and GND
Extra pins in 48-pin package
Digital GND
Digital VCC
Figure 1-13. 48-pin TQFP Package (AN2126T)
Page 1-22
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Table 1-3. EZ-USB Series 2100 Pinouts by Pin Function
2125S
2121S
2126S
2131Q 2122S
2122T 2126T
2135S
2131S
2136S
Name
Type
Default
Description
21
10
10
11
11
AVCC
Power
N/A
Analog Vcc. This signal provides power to the analog section of the chip.
18
7
7
7
7
AGND
Power
N/A
Analog Ground. Connect to ground with as short a
path as possible.
1
43
43
47
47
DISCON#
Output
HI
Disconnect. This pin is controlled by two bits,
DISCOE and DISCON. When DISCOE=0, the pin
floats. When DISCOE=1, it drives. When
DISCOE=1, the driven logic level is the inverse of
the DISCON bit.
77
41
41
45
45
USBD
I/O/Z
Z
USB D- signal. Connect to the USB D- signal
through a 24-ohm resistor.
79
42
42
46
46
USBD
I/O/Z
Z
USB D+ signal. Connect to the USB D+ pin through
a 24-ohm resistor.
7-12,
15, 16,
26-29,
34-37
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
A0-A5, A6,
A7, A8-A11,
A12-A15
48-51,
57-60
N/A
24-27,
28-31
N/A
26-29,
30-33
D0-D3, D4D7
I/O/Z
Z
8051 Data bus. This bi-directional bus is highimpedance when inactive, input for bus reads, and
output for bus writes. The data bus is also used to
transfer data directly to and from internal EZ-USB
FIFOs under control of the FRD# and FWR#
strobes. D0-D7 are active only for external bus
accesses, and are driven low in suspend.
80
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
PSEN#
Output
H
Program Store Enable. This active-low signal indicates a code fetch from external memory. It is active
for program memory fetches above 0x1B40 when
the EA pin is LO, or above 0x0000 when the EA
pin is HI.
61
32
32
35
35
BKPT
Output
0
Breakpoint. This pin goes active (high) when the
8051 address bus matches the BPADDRH/L registers and breakpoints are enabled in the USBBAV
register (BPEN=1). If the BPPULSE bit in the
USBBAV register is HI, this signal pulses high for
eight 24-MHz clocks. If the BPPULSE bit is LO, the
signal remains high until the 8051 clears the BREAK
bit (by writing 1 to it) in the USBBAV register.
25
13
13
14
14
RESET
Input
N/A
Active High Reset. Resets the 8051 and the USB
SIE. This pin is normally tied to ground through a
10K-ohm resistor and to Vcc through a 1 µF capacitor.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Output 0x0000 8051 Address bus. This bus is driven at all times.
When the 8051 is addressing internal RAM it reflects
the internal address.
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
Page 1-23
Table 1-3. EZ-USB Series 2100 Pinouts by Pin Function
2125S
2121S
2126S
2131Q 2122S
2122T 2126T
2135S
2131S
2136S
Name
Type
Default
Description
24
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
EA
Input
N/A
External Access. If this signal is active (high), the
8051 fetches code from external memory instead of
the internal program RAM. If EA=0, the 8051
fetches code from external memory starting at
0x1B40 (AN2131).
19
8
8
9
9
XIN
Input
N/A
Crystal Input. Connect this signal to a 12-MHz
series resonant, fundamental mode crystal and 2233-pF capacitor to GND. This pin may also be
driven by a 12-MHz clock.
20
9
9
10
10
XOUT
Output
N/A
Crystal Output. Connect this signal to a 12-MHz
series resonant, fundamental mode crystal and 2233-pF capacitor to GND. If XIN is driven by a 12MHz clock, this pin should not be connected.
68
N/A
N/A
34
34
PA0 or
T0OUT
I/O
I
(PA0)
Multiplexed pin whose function is selected by the
T0OUT bit of the PORTACFG register. If T0OUT=0,
the pin is the bi-directional I/O port bit PA0. If
T0OUT=1, the pin is the active-high T0OUT signal
from 8051 Timer/Counter0.
T0OUT outputs a high level for one CLK24 clock
cycle when Timer0 overflows. If Timer0 is operated
in mode 3 (two separate timer/counters), T0OUT is
active when the low byte timer/counter overflows.
69
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
PA1 or
T1OUT
I/O
I
(PA1)
Multiplexed pin whose function is selected by the
T1OUT bit of the PORTACFG register. If T1OUT=0,
the pin is the bi-directional I/O port bit PA1. If
T1OUT=1, the pin is the active-high T1OUT signal
from 8051 Timer-counter1
T1OUT outputs a high level for one CLK24 clock
cycle when Timer1 overflows. If Timer1 is operated
in mode 3 (two separate timer/counters), T1OUT is
active when the low byte timer/counter overflows.
70
N/A
Page 1-24
N/A
N/A
N/A
PA2 or OE#
I/O
I
(PA2)
Multiplexed pin whose function is selected by the OE
bit of the PORTACFG register. If OE=0, the pin is
the bi-directional I/O port pin PA2. If OE=1, the pin
is an active-low output enable for external memory.
If the OE# pin is used, it should be externally pulled
up to Vcc to ensure that the write strobe is inactive
(high) at power-on.
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Table 1-3. EZ-USB Series 2100 Pinouts by Pin Function
2125S
2121S
2126S
2131Q 2122S
2122T 2126T
2135S
2131S
2136S
Name
Type
Default
Description
71
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
PA3 or CS#
I/O
I
(PA3)
Multiplexed pin whose function is selected by the CS
bit of the PORTACFG register. If CS=0, the pin is
the bi-directional I/O port pin PA3. If CS=1, the pin is
an active-low chip select for external memory. If the
CS# pin is used, it should be externally pulled up to
Vcc to ensure that the write strobe is inactive (high)
at power-on.
73
39
39
N/A
N/A
PA4 or FWR#
I/O
I
(PA4)
Multiplexed pin whose function is selected by the
FWR (Fast Write) bit of the PORTAFCG register. If
FWR=0, the pin is the bi-directional I/O port pin PA4.
If FWR=1, the pin is the write strobe for an external
FIFO. If the FWR# pin is used, it should be externally pulled up to Vcc to ensure that the write strobe
is inactive (high) at power-on.
74
40
40
N/A
N/A
PA5 or FRD#
I/O
I
(PA5)
Multiplexed pin whose function is selected by the
FRD (Fast Read) bit of the PORTAFCG register. If
FRD=0, the pin is the bi-directional I/O port pin PA5.
If FRD=1, the pin is the read strobe for an external
FIFO. If the FRD# pin is used, it should be externally pulled up to Vcc to ensure that the write strobe
is inactive (high) at power-on.
75
N/A
N/A
44
44
PA6 or
RXD0OUT
I/O
I
(PA6)
Multiplexed pin whose function is selected by the
RXD0OUT bit of the PORTAFCG register. If
RXD0OUT=0 (default), the pin is the bi-directional
I/O port bit PA6. If RXD0OUT=1, the pin is the
active-high RXD0OUT signal from 8051 UART0.
If RXD0OUT is selected and UART0 is in mode 0,
this pin provides the output data for UART0 only
when it is in sync mode. Otherwise, it is a 1.
76
N/A
N/A
8
8
PA7 OR
RXD1OUT
I/O
I
(PA7)
Multiplexed pin whose function is selected by the
RXD1OUT bit of the PORTAFCG register. If
RXD1OUT=0 (default), the pin is the bi-directional
I/O port bit PA7. If RXD1OUT=1, the pin is the
active-high RXD1OUT signal from 8051 UART1.
When RXD1OUT is selected and UART1 is in mode
0, this pin provides the output data for UaRT1 only
when it is in sync mode. In modes 1, 2, and 3, this
pin is a 1.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
Page 1-25
Table 1-3. EZ-USB Series 2100 Pinouts by Pin Function
2125S
2121S
2126S
2131Q 2122S
2122T 2126T
2135S
2131S
2136S
Name
Type
Default
Description
44
24
N/A
26
N/A
PB0 or T2
I/O
I
(PB0)
Multiplexed pin whose function is selected by the T2
bit of the PORTBFCG register. If T2=0, the pin is the
bi-directional I/O port bit PB0. If T2=1, the pin is the
active-high T2 signal from 8051 Timer2, which provides the input to Timer2 when C/T2=1. When
C/T2=0, Timer2 does not use this pin.
45
25
N/A
27
N/A
PB1 or T2EX
I/O
I
(PB1)
Multiplexed pin whose function is selected by the
T2EX bit of the PORTBCFG register. If T2EX=0, the
pin is the bi-directional I/O port bit PB1. If T2EX=1,
the pin is the active-high T2EX signal from 8051
Timer2.
46
26
N/A
28
N/A
PB2 or RXD1
I/O
I
(P{B2)
Multiplexed pin whose function is selected by the
RXD1 bit of the PORTBCFG register. If RXD1=0,
the pin is the bi-directional I/O port bit PB2. If
RXD1=1, the pin is the active-high RXD1 input signal for 8051 UART1, which provides data to the
UART in all modes.
47
27
N/A
29
N/A
PB3 or TXD1
I/O
I
(PB3)
Multiplexed pin whose function is selected by the
TXD1 bit of the PORTBCFG register. If TXD1=0, the
pin is the bi-directional I/O port bit PB3. If TXD1=1,
the pin is the active-high TXD1 output pin for 8051
UART1 which provides the output clock in sync
mode and the output data in async mode.
52
28
N/A
30
N/A
PB4 or INT4
I/O
I
(PB4)
Multiplexed pin whose function is selected by the
INT4 bit of the PORTBCFG register. If INT4=0, the
pin is the bi-directional I/O port bit PB4. If INT4=1,
the pin is the 8051 INT4 interrupt request signal.
The INT4 pin is edge-sensitive, active high.
53
29
N/A
31
N/A
PB5 or INT5#
I/O
I
(PB5)
Multiplexed pin whose function is selected by the
INT5 bit of the PORTBCFG register. If INT5=0, the
pin is the bi-directional I/O port bit PB5. If INT5=1,
the pin is the INT5# interrupt register signal. The
INT5# pin is edge-sensitive, active low.
54
30
N/A
32
N/A
PB6 or INT6
I/O
I
(PB6)
Multiplexed pin whose function is selected by the
INT6 bit of the PORTBCFG register. If INT6=0, the
pin is the bi-directional I/O port bit PB6. If INT6=1,
the pin is the INT6 interrupt request signal. The
INT6 pin is edge-sensitive, active high.
Page 1-26
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Table 1-3. EZ-USB Series 2100 Pinouts by Pin Function
2125S
2121S
2126S
2131Q 2122S
2122T 2126T
2135S
2131S
2136S
55
31
N/A
33
N/A
Name
Type
Default
Description
PB7 or
T2OUT
I/O
I
(PB7)
Multiplexed pin whose function is selected by the
T2OUT bit of the PORTBCFG register. If T2OUT=0,
the pin is the bi-directional I/O port bit PB7. If
T2OUT=1, the pin is the active-high T2OUT signal
from 8051 Timer2.
T2OUT is active (high) for one clock cycle when
Timer/Counter 2 overflows.
30
14
14
16
16
PC0 or RXD0
I/O
I
(PC0)
Multiplexed pin whose function is selected by the
RXD0 bit of the PORTCCFG register. If RXD0=0,
the pin is the bi-directional I/O port bit PC0. If
RXD0=1, the pin is the active-high RXD0 from 8051
UART0, which provides data to the UART in all
modes.
31
15
15
17
17
PC1 or TXD0
I/O
I
(PC1)
Multiplexed pin whose function is selected by the
TXD0 bit of the PORTCCFG register. If TXD0=0,
the pin is the bi-directional I/O port bit PC1. If
TXD0=1, the pin is the active-high TXD0 signal for
8051 UART0, which provides the output clock in
sync mode, and the output data in async mode.
32
16
16
18
18
PC2 or INT0#
I/O
I
(PC2)
Multiplexed pin whose function is selected by the
INT0 bit of the PORTCCFG register. If INT0=0, the
pin is the bi-directional I/O port bit PC2. If INT0=1,
the pin is the active-low 8051 INT0 interrupt input
signal, which is either edge triggered (IT0=1) or level
triggered (IT0=0).
33
17
17
19
19
PC3 or INT1#
I/O
I
(PC3)
Multiplexed pin whose function is selected by the
INT1 bit of the PORTCCFG register. If INT1=0, the
pin is the bi-directional I/O port bit PC3. If INT1=1,
the pin is the active-low 8051 INT1 interrupt input
signal, which is either edge triggered (IT1=1) or level
triggered (IT1=0).
38
18
18
20
20
PC4 or T0
I/O
I
(PC4)
Multiplexed pin whose function is selected by the T0
bit of the PORTCCFG register. If T0=0, the pin is
the bi-directional I/O port bit PC4. If T0=1, the pin is
the active-high T0 signal for 8051 Timer0, which provides the input to Timer0 when C/T0 is 1. When C/
T0 is 0, Timer0 does not use this bit.
39
19
19
21
21
PC5 or T1
I/O
I
(PC5)
Multiplexed pin whose function is selected by the T1
bit of the PORTCCFG register. If T1=0, the pin is
the bi-directional I/O port bit PC5. If T1=1, the pin is
the active-high T1 signal from 8051 Timer1, which
provides the input to Timer1 when C/T1 is 1. When
C/T0 is 0, Timer1 does not use this bit.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
Page 1-27
Table 1-3. EZ-USB Series 2100 Pinouts by Pin Function
2125S
2121S
2126S
2131Q 2122S
2122T 2126T
2135S
2131S
2136S
Name
Type
Default
Description
40
20
20
22
22
PC6 or WR#
I/O
I
(PC6)
Multiplexed pin whose function is selected by the
WR bit of the PORTCCFG register. If WR=0, the pin
is the bi-directional I/O port bit PC6. If WR=1, the
pin is the active-low write signal for external memory. If the WR# signal is used, it should be externally
pulled up to Vcc to ensure that the write strobe is
inactive at power-on.
41
21
21
23
23
PC7 or RD#
I/O
I
(PC7)
Multiplexed pin whose function is selected by the RD
bit of the PORTCCFG register. If RD#=0, the pin is
the bi-directional I/O port bit PC7. If RD#=1, the pin
is the active-low read signal for external memory. If
the RD# signal is used, it should be externally pulled
up to Vcc to ensure that the read strobe is inactive at
power-on.
4
2
2
2
2
CLK24
Output
66
37
37
40
40
WAKEUP#
Input
N/A
USB Wakeup. If the 8051 is in suspend, a high to
low edge on this pin starts up the oscillator and interrupts the 8051 to allow it to exit the suspend mode.
Holding WAKEUP# LOW inhibits the EZ-USB chip
from entering the suspend state.
65
36
36
39
39
SCL
OD
Z
I2C Clock. Pull up to Vcc with a 2.2K-ohm resistor,
even if no I2C device is connected.
64
35
35
38
38
SDA
OD
Z
I2C Data. Connect to Vcc with a 2.2K-ohm resistor
even if no I2C device is connected.
24-MHz clock, phase locked to the 12-MHz input
clock. It operates at 12 MHz in 12-MHz mode (48-pin
package). Output is disabled by setting the
OUTCLKEN bit = 0 in the CPUCS register.
2, 22, 11, 22, 11, 22, 12,24, 12, 24,
42, 62 33, 44 33, 44 36, 48 36, 48
Vcc
N/A
Vcc. 3.3V power source.
3, 5, 6, 1, 3, 4, 1, 3, 4, 1, 3, 4, 1, 3, 4,
13, 14, 5, 6,
5, 6,
5, 6,
5, 6,
17, 23, 12,23, 12, 23, 13,25, 13, 25,
43, 56, 34, 38 34, 38 37, 41 37, 41
63, 72,
78
GND
N/A
Ground. Note: On the 80-pin package, pins 5, 6, 13,
14, and 72 are test pins that must be grounded for
normal operation. Driving pin 72 high floats all functional pins for automated board test.
The corresponding pins on the 44-pin package are
pins 3, 4, 5, 6, and 38. Driving pin 38 high floats all
functional pins for automated board test.
The corresponding pins on the 48-pin package are
pins 3, 4, 5, 6, and 41. Driving pin 41 high floats all
functional pins for automated board testing.
N/A
N/A
N/A
15
15
CPU12MHZ
N/A
This input controls the speed of the 8051:
- Tied High - 12 MHz
- Tied Low - 24 MHz
67
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
NC
N/A
This pin must be left unconnected.
Page 1-28
Chapter 1. Introducing EZ-USB
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
2 EZ-USB CPU
2.1
Introduction
The EZ-USB built-in microprocessor, an enhanced 8051 core, is fully described in Appendices A-C. This chapter introduces the processor, its interface to the EZ-USB core, and
describes architectural differences from a standard 8051.
2.2
8051 Enhancements
The enhanced 8051 core uses the standard 8051 instruction set. Instructions execute faster
than with the standard 8051 due to two features:
•
Wasted bus cycles are eliminated. A bus cycle uses four clocks, as compared to 12
clocks with the standard 8051.
•
The 8051 runs at 24 MHz.
In addition to the speed improvement, the enhanced 8051 core also includes architectural
enhancements:
1. A second data pointer.
2. A second UART.
3. A third, 16-bit timer (TIMER2).
4. A high-speed memory interface with a non-multiplexed 16-bit address bus.
5. Eight additional interrupts (INT2-INT5, PFI, T2, and UART1).
6. Variable MOVX timing to accommodate fast/slow RAM peripherals.
7. 3.3V operation.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 2. EZ-USB CPU
Page 2-1
2.3
EZ-USB Enhancements
The EZ-USB chip provides additional enhancements outside the 8051. These include:
•
Fast external transfers (Autopointer, Fast Transfer Mode)
•
Vectored USB interrupts (Autovector)
•
Separate buffers for SETUP and DATA portions of a CONTROL transfer.
•
Breakpoint Facility.
2.4
EZ-USB Register Interface
The 8051 communicates with the EZ-USB core through a set of memory mapped registers. These registers are grouped as follows:
•
Endpoint buffers and FIFOs
•
8051 control
•
IO ports
•
Fast Transfer
•
I2C Controller
•
Interrupts
•
USB Functions
These registers and their functions are described throughout this manual. A full description of every register and bit appears in Chapter 12, “EZ-USB Registers.”
Page 2-2
Chapter 2. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
2.5
EZ-USB Internal RAM
FF
80
7F
00
Upper 128
bytes
Indirect Addr
SFR Space
Direct Addr
Lower 128
bytes
Direct Addr
Figure 2-1. 8051 Registers
Like the standard 8051, the EZ-USB 8051 core contains 128 bytes of register RAM at 007F, and a partially populated SFR register space at 80-FF. An additional 128 indirectly
addressed registers (sometimes called “IDATA”) are also available at 80-FF.
All internal EZ-USB RAM, which includes program/data memory, bulk endpoint buffer
memory, and the EZ-USB register set, is addressed as add-on 8051 memory. The 8051
reads or writes these bytes as data using the MOVX (move external) instruction. Even
though the MOVX instruction implies external memory, the EZ-USB RAM and register
set is actually inside the EZ-USB chip. External memory attached to the AN2131Q
address and data busses can also be accessed by the MOVX instruction. The EZ-USB
core encodes its memory strobe and select signals (RD#, WR#, CS#, and OE#) to eliminate the need for external logic to separate the internal and external memory spaces.
2.6
I/O Ports
A standard 8051 communicates with its IO ports 0-3 through four Special Function Registers (SFRs). Standard 8051 IO pins are quasi-bidirectional with weak pullups that briefly
drive high only when the pin makes a zero-to-one transition.
The EZ-USB core implements IO ports differently than a standard 8051, as described
in Chapter 4, "EZ-USB Input/Output." Instead of using the 8051 IO ports and SFRs, the
EZ-USB core implements a flexible IO system that is controlled via EZ-USB register set.
Each EZ-USB IO pin functions identically, having the following resources:
•
An output latch. Used when the pin is an output port.
•
A bit that indicates the state of the IO pin, regardless of its configuration (input or
output).
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 2. EZ-USB CPU
Page 2-3
•
An output enable bit that causes the IO pin to be driven from the output latch.
•
An alternate function bit that determines whether the pin is general IO or a special
8051 or EZ-USB function.
The SFRs associated with 8051 ports 0-3 are not implemented in EZ-USB. These SFR
addresses include P0 (0x80), P1 (0x90), P2 (0xA0), and P3 (0xB0). Because P2 is not
implemented, the [email protected]/R1 instruction takes the upper address byte from an added
Special Function Register (SFR) at location 0x92. This register is called “MPAGE” in the
Appendices.
2.7
Interrupts
All standard 8051 interrupts are supported in the enhanced 8051 core. Table 2-1 shows
the existing and added 8051 interrupts, and indicates how the added ones are used.
Table 2-1. EZ-USB Interrupts
Standard 8051
Interrupts
Enhanced 8051
Interrupts
Used As
INT0
Device Pin INT0#
INT1
Device Pin INT1#
Timer 0
Internal, Timer 0
Timer 1
Internal, Timer 1
Tx0 & Rx0
Internal, UART0
INT2
Internal, USB
INT3
Internal, I2C Controller
INT4
Device Pin, PB4/INT4
INT5
Device Pin, PB5/INT5#
INT6
Device Pin, PB6/INT6
PF1
Device Pin, USB WAKEUP#
Tx1 & Rx1
Internal, UART1
Timer 2
Internal, Timer 2
The EZ-USB chip uses 8051 INT2 for 21 different USB interrupts: 16 bulk endpoints plus
SOF, Suspend, SETUP Data, SETUP Token, and USB Bus Reset. To help the 8051 determine which interrupt is active, the EZ-USB core provides a feature called Autovectoring.
The core inserts an address byte into the low byte of the 3-byte jump instruction found at
the 8051 INT2 vector address. This second level of vectoring automatically transfers control to the appropriate USB ISR. The Autovector mechanism, as well as the EZ-USB
interrupt system is the subject of Chapter 9, "EZ-USB Interrupts."
Page 2-4
Chapter 2. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
2.8
Power Control
The EZ-USB core implements a power-down mode that allows it to be used in USB bus
powered devices that must draw no more than 500 µA when suspended. Power control is
accomplished using a combination of 8051 and EZ-USB core resources. The mechanism
by which EZ-USB powers down for suspend, and then re-powers to resume operation, is
described in detail in Chapter 11, “EZ-USB Power Management.”
A suspend operation uses three 8051 resources, the idle mode and two interrupts. Many
enhanced 8051 architectures provide power control similar (or identical) to the EZ-USB
enhanced 8051 core.
A USB suspend operation is indicated by a lack of bus activity for 3 ms. The EZ-USB
core detects this, and asserts an interrupt request via the USB interrupt (8051 INT2). The
ISR (Interrupt Service Routine) turns off external sub-systems that draw power. When
ready to suspend operation, the 8051 sets an SFR bit, PCON.0. This bit causes the 8051 to
suspend, waiting for an interrupt.
When the 8051 sets PCON.0, a control signal from the 8051 to the EZ-USB core causes
the core to shut down the 12-MHz oscillator and internal PLL. This stops all internal
clocks to allow the EZ-USB core and 8051 to enter a very low power mode.
The suspended EZ-USB chip can be awakened two ways: USB bus activity may resume,
or an EZ-USB pin (WAKEUP#) can be asserted to activate a USB Remote Wakeup. Either
event triggers the following chain of events:
•
The EZ-USB core re-starts the 12-MHz oscillator and PLL, and waits for the
clocks to stabilize
•
The EZ-USB core asserts a special, high-priority 8051 interrupt to signal a
‘resume’ interrupt.
•
The 8051 vectors to the resume ISR, and upon completion resumes executing code
at the instruction following the instruction that set the PCON.0 bit to 1.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 2. EZ-USB CPU
Page 2-5
2.9
SFRs
The EZ-USB family was designed to keep 8051 coding as standard as possible, to allow
easy integration of existing 8051 software development tools. The added 8051 SFR registers and bits are summarized in Table 2-2.
Table 2-2. Added Registers and Bits
8051 Enhancements
Dual Data Pointers
Timer 2
UART1
SFR
Addr
Function
DPL0
0x82
Data Pointer 0 Low Addr
DPH0
0x83
Data Pointer 0 High Addr
DPL1
0x84
Data Pointer 1 Low Addr
DPH1
0x85
Data Pointer 1 High Addr
DPS
0x86
Data Pointer Select (LSB)
MPAGE
0x92
Replaces standard 8051 Port 2 for indirect
external data memory addressing
T2CON.6-7 0xC8
Timer 2 Control
RCAP2L
0xCA
T2 Capture/Reload Value L
RCAP2H
0xCB
T2 Capture/Reload Value H
T2L
0xCC
T2 Count L
T2H
0xCD
T2 Count H
IE.5
0xA8
ET2-Enable T2 Interrupt Bit
IP.5
0xB8
PT2-T2 Interrupt Priority Control
SCON1.0-1 0xC0
Serial Port 1 Control
SBUF1
0xC1
Serial Port 1 Data
IE.6
0xA8
ES1-SIO1 Interrupt Enable Bit
IP.6
0xB8
PS1-SIO1 Interrupt Priority Control
EICON.7
0xD8
SMOD1-SIO1 Baud Rate Doubler
EXIF
0x91
INT2-INT5 Interrupt Flags
EIE
0xE8
INT2-INT5 Interrupt Enables
EIP.0-3
0xF8
INT2-INT5 Interrupt Priority Control
EICON.3
0xD8
INT6 Interrupt Flag
EIE.4
0xE8
INT6 Interrupt Enable
EIP.4
0xF8
INT6 Interrupt Priority Control
EICON.4
0xD8
WAKEUP# Interrupt Flag
EICON.5
0xD8
WAKEUP# Interrupt Enable
PCON.0
0x87
EZ-USB Power Down (Suspend)
Interrupts
INT2-INT5
INT6
WAKEUP#
Idle Mode
Page 2-6
Chapter 2. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
2.10
Internal Bus
Members of the EZ-USB family that provide pins to expand 8051 memory provide separate non-multiplexed 16-bit address and 8-bit data busses. This differs from the standard
8051, which multiplexes eight device pins between three sources: IO port 0, the external
data bus, and the low byte of the address bus. A standard 8051 system with external memory requires a de-multiplexing address latch, strobed by the 8051 ALE (Address Latch
Enable) pin. The external latch is not required by the non-multiplexed EZ-USB chip, and
no ALE signal is needed. In addition to eliminating the customary external latch, the nonmultiplexed bus saves one cycle per memory fetch cycle, further improving 8051 performance.
A standard 8051 user must choose between using Port 0 as a memory expansion port or an
IO port. The AN2131Q provides a separate IO system with its own control registers (in
external memory space), and provides the IO port signals on dedicated (not shared) pins.
This allows the external data bus to be used to expand memory without sacrificing IO
pins.
The 8051 is the sole master of the memory expansion bus. It provides read and write signals to external memory. The address bus is output-only.
A special fast transfer mode gives the EZ-USB family the capability to transfer data to
and from external memory over the expansion bus using a single MOVX instruction,
which takes only two cycles (eight clocks) per byte.
2.11
Reset
The internal 8051 RESET signal is not directly controlled by the EZ-USB RESET pin.
Instead, it is controlled by an EZ-USB register bit accessible to the USB host. When the
EZ-USB chip is powered, the 8051 is held in reset. Using the default USB device (enumerated by the USB core), the host downloads code into RAM. Finally, the host clears an
EZ-USB register bit that takes the 8051 out of reset.
The EZ-USB family also operates with external non-volatile memory, in which case the
8051 exits the reset state automatically at power-on. The various EZ-USB resets and their
effects are described in Chapter 10, "EZ-USB Resets."
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 2. EZ-USB CPU
Page 2-7
Page 2-8
Chapter 2. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
3 EZ-USB Memory
3.1
Introduction
EZ-USB devices divide RAM into two regions, one for code and data, and the other for
USB buffers and control registers.
7FFF
Registers/Bulk Buffers
7B40
USB Control Registers
(192 bytes)
27FF
1F40/7F40
1F3F/7F3F
16 x 64-byte
Bulk Endpoint Buffers
(1,024 bytes)
Data (RD/WR) RAM
If ISODISAB=1
2000
1FFF
1FFF/7FFF
Registers/Bulk Buffers
1B40/7B40
1B40
1B3F
Data (RD/WR) RAM
Code(PSEN) RAM if
EA=0
(6,976 bytes)
0000
Figure 3-1. EZ-USB 8-KB Memory Map - Addresses are in Hexadecimal
7FFF
Registers/Bulk Buffers
7B40
USB Control Registers
(192 bytes)
7FFF
7F40
7F3F
13 x 64-byte
Bulk Endpoint Buffers
(832 bytes)
7C00
0FFF
0000
Code(PSEN) and
Data (RD/WR) RAM
(4096 bytes)
Figure 3-2. EZ-USB 4-KB Memory Map - Addresses are in Hexadecimal
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 3. EZ-USB Memory
Page 3-1
3.2
8051 Memory
Figure 3-1 illustrates the two internal EZ-USB RAM regions. 6,976 bytes of general-purpose RAM occupy addresses 0x0000-0x1B3F. This RAM is loadable by the EZ-USB
core or I2C bus EEPROM, and contains 8051 code and data.
The EZ-USB EA (External Access) pin controls where the bottom segment of code
(PSEN) memory is located—inside (EA=0) or outside (EA=1) the EZ-USB chip. If the
EZ pin is tied low, the EZ-USB core internally ORs the two 8051 read signals PSEN and
RD for this region, so that code and data share the 0x0000-0x1B3F memory space. IF
EA=1, all code (PSEN) memory is external.
About 8051 Memory Spaces
The 8051 partitions its memory spaces into code memory and data memory. The 8051
reads code memory using the signal PSEN# (Program Store Enable), reads data memory
using the signal RD# (Data Read) and writes data memory using the signal WR# (Data
Write). The 8051 MOVX (move external) instruction generates RD# or WR# strobes.
PSEN# is a dedicated pin, while the RD# and WR# signals share pins with two IO port
signals: PC7/RD and PC6/WR. Therefore, if expanded memory is used, the port pins
PC7 and PC6 are not available to the system.
1,024 bytes of RAM at 0x7B40-0x7F3F implement the sixteen bulk endpoint buffers. 192
additional bytes at 0x7F40-0x7FFF contain the USB control registers. The 8051 reads and
writes this memory using the MOVX instruction. In the 8-KB RAM EZ-USB version, the
1,024 bulk endpoint buffer bytes at 0x7B40-0x7F3F also appear at 0x1B40-0x1F3F. This
aliasing allows unused bulk endpoint buffer memory to be added contiguously to the data
memory, as illustrated Figure 3-3. The memory space at 0x1F40-0x1FFF should not be
used.
Even though the 8051 can access EZ-USB endpoint buffers at either 0x1B40 or 0x7B40,
the firmware should be written to access this memory only at 0x7B40-0x7FFF to maintain
compatibility with future versions of EZ-USB that contain more than 8 KB of RAM.
Future versions will have the bulk buffer space at 0x7B40-0x7F3F only.
Page 3-2
Chapter 3. EZ-USB Memory
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
1F40
1F00
1EC0
1E80
1E40
1E00
1DC0
1D80
1D40
1D00
1CC0
1C80
1C40
1C00
1BC0
1B80
1B40
1B3F
EP0IN
EP0OUT
EP1IN
EP1OUT
EP2IN
EP2OUT
EP3IN
EP3OUT
EP4IN
EP4OUT
EP5IN
EP5OUT
EP6IN
EP06UT
EP7IN
EP07OUT
Code/Data
RAM
0000
Figure 3-3. Unused Bulk Endpoint Buffers (Shaded) Used as Data Memory
In the example shown in Figure 3-3, only endpoints 0-IN through 3-IN are used for the
USB function, so the data RAM (shaded) can be extended to 0x1D7F.
If an application uses none of the 16 EZ-USB isochronous endpoints, the 8051 can set the
ISODISAB bit in the ISOCTL register to disable all 16 isochronous endpoints, and make
the 2-KB of isochronous FIFO RAM available as 8051 data RAM at 0x2000-0x27FF.
Setting ISODISAB=1 is an all or nothing choice, as all 16 isochronous endpoints are disabled. An application that sets this bit must never attempt to transfer data over an isochronous endpoint.
The memory map figures in the remainder of this chapter assume that ISODISAB=0, the
default (and normal) case.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 3. EZ-USB Memory
Page 3-3
3.3
Expanding EZ-USB Memory
The 80-pin EZ-USB package provides a 16-bit address bus, an 8-bit bus, and memory
control signals PSEN#, RD#, and WR#. These signals are used to expand EZ-USB
memory.
FFFF
Inside EZ-USB
Outside EZ-USB
External
Data
Memory
(RD,WR)
8000
7B40
Registers(RD,WR)
(Note 1)
External
Code
Memory
(PSEN)
External
Data
Memory
(RD, WR)
2000
1FFF
1F3F
1B40
0000
Unused Bulk Buffers
(RD,WR)
Code & Data
(PSEN,RD,WR)
(Note 1)
(Note 2)
Note 1: OK to populate data memory here--RD#, WR#, CS# and OE# pins are inactive.
Note 2: OK to populate code memory here--no PSEN# strobe is generated.
Figure 3-4. EZ-USB Memory Map with EA=0
Figure 3-4 shows that when EA=0, the code/data memory is internal at 0x0000-0x1B40.
External code memory can be added from 0x0000-0xFFFF, but it appears in the memory
map only at 0x1B40-0xFFFF. Addressing external code memory at 0x0000-0x1B3F
when EA=0 causes the EZ-USB core to inhibit the #PSEN strobe. This allows program
memory to be added from 0x0000-0xFFFF without requiring decoding to disable it
between 0x0000 and 0x1B3F.
Page 3-4
Chapter 3. EZ-USB Memory
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
The internal block at 0x7B40-0x7FFF (labeled “Registers”) contains the bulk buffer memory and EZ-USB control registers. As previously mentioned, they are aliased at 0x1B400x1FFF to allow adding unused bulk buffer RAM to general-purpose memory. 8051 code
should access this memory only at the 0x7B40-0x7BFF addresses. External RAM may be
added from 0x0000 to 0xFFFF, but the regions shown by Note 1 in Figure 3-4 are ignored;
no external strobes or select signals are generated when the 8051 executes a MOVX
instruction that addresses these regions.
3.4
CS# and OE# Signals
The EZ-USB core automatically gates the standard 8051 RD# and WR# signals to exclude
selection of external memory that exists internal to the EZ-USB part. The PSEN# signal is
also available on a pin for connection to external code memory.
Some 8051 systems implement external memory that is used as both data and program
memory. These systems must logically OR the PSEN# and RD# signals to qualify the
chip enable and output enable signals of the external memory. To save this logic, the EZUSB core provides two additional control signals, CS# and OE#. The equations for these
signals are as follows:
•
CS# = RD# or WR# or PSEN#
•
OE# = RD# or PSEN#
Because the RD#, WR#, and PSEN# signals are already qualified by the addresses allocated to external memory, these strobes are active only when external memory is accessed.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 3. EZ-USB Memory
Page 3-5
FFFF
Inside EZ-USB
Outside EZ-USB
External
Data
Memory
(RD,WR)
8000
7B40
Registers(RD,WR)
(Note 1)
External
Code
Memory
(PSEN)
External
Data
Memory
(RD, WR)
2000
1FFF
1F3F
1B40
Unused Bulk Buffers
(RD,WR)
(Note 1)
Data (RD,WR)
0000
Note 1: OK to populate data memory here--RD#, WR#, CS# and OE# are inactive.
Figure 3-5. EZ-USB Memory Map with EA=1
When EA=1 (Figure 3-5), all code (PSEN) memory is external. All internal EZ-USB
RAM is data memory. This gives the user over 6-KB of general-purpose RAM, accessible
by the MOVX instruction.
Note
Figures 3-4 and 3-5 assume that the EZ-USB chip uses isochronous endpoints, and therefore that the ISODISAB bit (ISOCTL.0) is LO. If ISODISAB=1, additional data RAM
appears internally at 0x2000-0x27FF, and the RD#, WR#, CS#, and OE# signals are
modified to exclude this memory space from external data memory.
Page 3-6
Chapter 3. EZ-USB Memory
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
3.5
EZ-USB ROM Versions
The EZ-USB 8-KB Masked ROM and 32-KB Masked ROM memory maps are shown in
Figures 3-6 and 3-7.
Outside EZ-USB
Inside EZ-USB
FFFF
External
Data
Memory
(RD,WR)
8000
7B40
External
Code
Memory
(PSEN)
Registers(RD,WR)
(Note 1)
External
Data
Memory
(RD, WR)
2000
0800
07FF
0000
Internal Code
Memory(PSEN)
Data (RD,WR)
(Note 2)
(Note 1)
Note 1: OK to populate data memory here, but no RD# or WR# strobes are generated.
Note 2: OK to populate code memory here, but no PSEN# strobe is generated.
Figure 3-6. 8-KB ROM, 2-KB RAM Version
EZ-USB ROM versions contain program memory starting at 0x0000. In these versions,
the internal RAM is implemented as data-only memory.
Code for this ROM version can be developed and tested using the AN2131Q with an
external code memory (EA=1, Figure 3-5). As long as the 8051 limits internal RAM
access to 0x0000-0x07FF and accesses the EZ-USB registers and bulk data at 0x7B400x7FFF, the code in the external memory will be the identical image of the code that will
ultimately be internal at 0x0000-0x1FFF in the ROM version.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 3. EZ-USB Memory
Page 3-7
Outside EZ-USB
Inside EZ-USB
FFFF
External
Data
Memory
(RD,WR)
8000
7FFF
7B40
Registers(RD,WR)
(Note 1)
Internal Code
Memory(PSEN)
1000
0FFF
External
Code
Memory
(PSEN)
Data (RD,WR)
External
Data
Memory
(RD, WR)
(Note 2)
(Note 1)
0000
Note 1: OK to populate data memory here, but no RD# or WR# strobes are generated.
Note 2: OK to populate code memory here, but no PSEN# strobe is generated.
Figure 3-7. 32-KB ROM, 4-KB RAM Version
The EZ-USB 32-KB ROM version contains program memory from 0x0000 through
0x7FFF, and data memory from 0x0000 through 0x0FFF.
Code for this ROM version can be developed and tested using the AN2131Q with an
external code memory (EA=1, Figure 3-5). As long as the 8051 limits internal RAM
access to 0x0000-0x0FFF and accesses the EZ-USB registers and bulk data at 0x7B400x7FFF, the code in the external memory will be the identical image of the code that will
ultimately be internal at 0x0000-0x7FFF in the ROM version.
Page 3-8
Chapter 3. EZ-USB Memory
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
4 EZ-USB Input/Output
4.1
Introduction
The EZ-USB chip provides two input-output systems:
•
A set of programmable IO pins
•
A programmable I2C Controller
This chapter begins with a description of the programmable IO pins, and shows how they
are shared by a variety of 8051 and EZ-USB alternate functions such as UART, timer and
interrupt signals.
The I2C controller uses the SCL and SDA pins, and performs two functions:
•
General-purpose 8051 use
•
Boot loading from an EEPROM
Note
2.2-KB to 4.7-KB pullups are required on the SDA and SCL lines.
This chapter describes both the programming information for the 8051 I2C interface, and
the operating details of the I2C boot loader. The role of the boot loader is described in
Chapter 5, "EZ-USB Enumeration and ReNumeration."
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 4. EZ-USB CPU
Page 4-1
4.2
IO Ports
OE
OUT
reg
Pin
PINS
Figure 4-1. EZ-USB Input/Output Pin
The EZ-USB family implements its IO ports using memory-mapped registers. This is in
contrast to a standard, which uses SFR bits for input/output.
Figure 4-1 shows the basic structure of an EZ-USB IO pin. Twenty-four IO pins are
grouped into three 8-bit ports named PORTA, PORTB, and PORTC. The AN2131Q has
all three ports, while the AN2131S has PORTB, PORTC, and two PORTA bits. The 8051
accesses IO pins using the three control bits shown in Figure 4-1: OE, OUT, and PINS.
The OUT bit writes output data to a register, the OE bit turns on the output buffer, and the
PINS bit indicates the state of the pin.
To configure a pin as an input, the 8051 sets OE=0 to turn off the output buffer. To configure a pin as an output, the 8051 sets OE=1 to turn on the output buffer, and writes data to
the OUT register. The PINS bit reflects the actual pin value regardless of the value of OE.
A fourth control bit (in PORTACFG, PORTBCFG, PORTCCFG registers) determines
whether a port pin is general-purpose Input/Output (GPIO) as shown in Figure 4-1, or
connected to an alternate 8051 or EZ-USB function. Table 4-1 lists the alternate functions
available on the IO pins. Figure 4-1 shows the registers and bits associated with the IO
ports.
Page 4-2
Chapter 4. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Table 4-1. IO Pin Functions for PORTxCFG=0 and PORTxCFG=1
PORTxCFG
bit = 0
PORTxCFG bit = 1
Signal
Signal
Direction
PA0
T0OUT
OUT
Timer 0 Overflow Pulse
Description
Figure
4-2
PA1
T1OUT
OUT
Timer 1 Overflow Pulse
4-2
PA2
OE#
OUT
EZ-USB Output Enable
4-2
PA3
CS#
OUT
EZ-USB Chip Select
4-2
PA4
FWR#
OUT
EZ-USB Fast Write Strobe
4-2
PA5
FRD#
OUT
EZ-USB Fast Read Strobe
4-2
PA6
RxD0OUT
OUT
UART0 Mode 0 Data Out
4-2
PA7
RxD1OUT
OUT
UART1 Mode 0 Data Out
4-2
PB0
T2
IN
Timer 2 Clock Input
4-3
PB1
T2EX
IN
Timer 2 Capture/Reload
4-3
PB2
RxD1
IN
UART1 Receive Data
4-3
PB3
TxD1
OUT
UART1 Transmit Data
4-2
PB4
INT4
IN
Interrupt 4
4-3
PB5
INT5
IN
Interrupt 5
4-3
PB6
INT6
IN
Interrupt 6
4-3
PB7
T2OUT
OUT
Timer 2 Overflow Pulse
4-2
PC0
RxD0
IN
UART0 Receive Data
4-3
PC1
TxD0
OUT
UART0 Transmit Data
4-2
PC2
INT0#
IN
Interrupt 0
4-3
PC3
INT1#
IN
Interrupt 1
4-3
PC4
T0
IN
Timer 0 Clock Input
4-3
PC5
T1
IN
Timer 1 Clock Input
4-3
PC6
WR#
OUT
Write Strobe
4-2
PC7
RD#
OUT
Read Strobe
4-2
Depending on whether the alternate function is an input or output, the IO logic is slightly
different, as shown in Figure 4-2 (output) and Figure 4-3 (input). The last column of
Table 4-1 indicates which figure applies to each pin.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 4. EZ-USB CPU
Page 4-3
Alternate Function Output
Alternate Function Output
OE
OE
Pin
OUT
reg
Pin
PINS
OUT
reg
PINS
PORTCFG=0 (port)
PORTCFG=1 (alternate function)
Figure 4-2. Alternate Function is an OUTPUT
Referring to Figure 4-2, when PORTCFG=0, the IO port is selected. In this case the alternate function (shaded) is disconnected and the pin functions exactly as shown in
Figure 4-1. When PORTCFG=1, the alternate function is connected to the IO pin and the
output register and buffer are disconnected. Note that the 8051 can still read the state of
the pin, and thus the alternate function value.
Alternate Function Input
Alternate Function Input
OE
OE
Pin
OUT
reg
Pin
PINS
OUT
reg
PINS
PORTCFG=0 (port)
PORTCFG=1 (alternate function)
Figure 4-3. Alternate Function is an INPUT
Referring to Figure 4-3, when PORTCFG=0, the IO port is selected. This is the general
IO port shown in Figure 4-1 with one important difference—the alternate function is
always listening. Whether the port pin is set for output or input, the pin signal also drives
the alternate function. 8051 firmware should ensure that if the alternate function is not
used (if the pin is GPIO only), the alternate input function is disabled.
For example, suppose the PB4/INT4 pin is configured for PB4. The pin signal is also
routed to INT4. If INT4 is not used by the application, it should not be enabled. Alternatively, enabling INT4 could be useful, allowing IO bit PB4 to trigger an interrupt.
When PORTxCFG=1, the alternate function is selected. The output register and buffer are
disconnected. The PINS bit can still read the pin, and thus the input to the alternate function.
Page 4-4
Chapter 4. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
4.3
IO Port Registers
PORTACFG
RxD1out
RxD0out
FRD
FWR
CS
OE
T1out
T0out
OUTA
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
PINSA
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
OEA
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
T2OUT
INT6
INT5
INT4
TxD1
RxD1
T2EX
T2
OUTB
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
PINSB
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
OEB
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
PORTCCFG
RD
WR
T1
T0
INT1
INT0
TxD0
RxD0
OUTC
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
PINSC
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
OEC
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
PORTBCFG
Figure 4-4. Registers Associated with PORTS A, B, and C
Figure 4-4 shows the registers associated with the EZ-USB IO ports. The power-on
default for the PORTCFG bits is 0, selecting the IO port function. The power-on default
for the OE bits is 0, selecting the input direction.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 4. EZ-USB CPU
Page 4-5
I2C Controller
4.4
The USB core contains an I 2C controller for boot loading and general-purpose I 2C bus
interface. This controller uses the SCL (Serial Clock) and SDA (Serial Data) pins. I2C
Controller describes how the boot load operates at power-on to read the contents of an
external serial EEPROM to determine the initial EZ-USB FX configuration. The boot
loader operates automatically, while the 8051 is held in reset. The last section of this chapter describes the operating details of the boot loader.
After the boot sequence completes and the 8051 is brought out of reset, the general-purpose I 2C controller is available to the 8051 for interface to external I 2C devices, such as
other EEPROMS, I/O chips, audio/video control chips, etc.
8051 I2C Controller
4.5
start
stop
SDA
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
ACK
SCL
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Figure 4-5. General I2C Transfer
Figure 4-5 illustrates the waveforms for an I 2C transfer. SCL and SDA are open-drain EZUSB pins, which must be pulled up to Vcc with external resistors. The EZ-USB chip is an
I 2C bus master only, meaning that it synchronizes data transfers by generating clock
pulses on SCL by driving low. Once the master drives SCL low, external slave devices can
also drive SCL low to extend clock cycle times.
To synchronize I 2C data, serial data (SDA) is permitted to change state only while SCL is
low, and must be valid while SCL is high. Two exceptions to this rule are used to generate
START and STOP conditions. A START condition is defined as SDA going low, while
SCL is high, and a STOP condition is defined as SDA going high, while SCL is high. Data
is sent MSB first. During the last bit time (clock #9 in Figure 4-5), the master (EZ-USB)
floats the SDA line to allow the slave to acknowledge the transfer by pulling SDA low.
Page 4-6
Chapter 4. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Multiple I 2C Bus Masters — The EZ-USB chip acts only as an I 2C bus master,
never a slave. However, the 8051 can detect a second master by checking for
BERR=1 (Section 4.7, "Status Bits").
start
SDA
SA3
SA2
SA1
SA0
DA2
DA1
DA0
R/W
ACK
D7
D6
SCL
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Figure 4-6. Addressing an I2C Peripheral
The first byte of an I 2C bus transaction contains the address of the desired peripheral.
Figure 4-7 shows the format for this first byte, which is sometimes called a control byte.
A master sends the bit sequence shown in Figure 4-6 after sending a START condition.
The master uses this 9-bit sequence to select an I 2C peripheral at a particular address, to
establish the transfer direction (using R/W#), and to determine if the peripheral is present
by testing for ACK#.
The four most significant bits SA3-SA0 are the peripheral chip’s slave address. I2C
devices are pre-assigned slave addresses by device type, for example slave address 1010 is
assigned to EEPROMS. The three bits DA2-DA0 usually reflect the states of I2C device
address pins. Devices with three address pins can be strapped to allow eight distinct
addresses for the same device type. The eighth bit (R/W#) sets the direction for the ensuing data transfer, 1 for master read, and 0 for master write. Most address transfers are followed by one or more data transfers, with the STOP condition generated after the last data
byte is transferred.
In Figure 4-6, a READ transfer follows the address byte (at clock 8, the master sets the R/
W# bit high, indicating READ). At clock 9, the peripheral device responds to its address
by asserting ACK. At clock 10, the master floats SDA and issues SCL pulses to clock in
SDA data supplied by this slave.
Assuming the 12-MHz crystal used by the EZ-USB family, the SCL frequency is 90.9
KHz, giving an I2C transfer rate of 11 ms per bit.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 4. EZ-USB CPU
Page 4-7
I2CS
7FA5
I2C Control and Status
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
START
STOP
LASTRD
ID1
ID0
BERR
ACK
DONE
I2DAT
7FA6
I2C Data
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
Figure 4-7. FC Registers
The 8051 uses the two registers shown in Figure 4-7 to conduct I2C transfers. The 8051
transfers data to and from the I2C bus by writing and reading the I2DAT register. The
12CS register controls I2C transfers and reports various status conditions. The three control bits are START, STOP, and LASTRD. The remaining bits are status bits. Writing to a
status bit has no effect.
4.6
Control Bits
4.6.1
START
The 8051 sets the START bit to 1 to prepare an I2C bus transfer. If START=1, the next
8051 load to I2DAT will generate the start condition followed by the serialized byte of
data in I2DAT. The 8051 loads data in the format shown in Figure 4-5 after setting the
START bit. The I2C controller clears the START bit during the ACK interval (clock 9 in
Figure 4-5).
4.6.2
STOP
The 8051 sets STOP=1 to terminate an I2C bus transfer. The I2C controller clears the
STOP bit after completing the STOP condition. If the 8051 sets the STOP bit during a
byte transfer, the STOP condition will be generated immediately following the ACK phase
of the byte transfer. If no byte transfer is occurring when the STOP bit is set, the STOP
condition will be carried out immediately on the bus. Data should not be written to I2CS
Page 4-8
Chapter 4. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
or I2DAT until the STOP bit returns low. In the 2122/2126 only, an interrupt request is
available to signal that STOP bit transmission is complete.
4.6.3
LASTRD
To read data over the I2C bus, an I2C master floats the SDA line and issues clock pulses on
the SCL line. After every eight bits, the master drives SDA low for one clock to indicate
ACK. To signal the last byte of the read transfer, the master floats SDA at ACK time to
instruct the slave to stop sending. This is controlled by the 8051 by setting LASTRD=1
before reading the last byte of a read transfer. The I2C controller clears the LASTRD bit at
the end of the transfer (at ACK time).
Note
Setting LASTRD does not automatically generate a STOP condition. The 8051 should
also set the STOP bit at the end of a read transfer.
4.7
Status Bits
After a byte transfer the EZ-USB controller updates the three status bits BERR, ACK, and
DONE. If no STOP condition was transmitted, they are updated at ACK time. If a STOP
condition was transmitted they are updated after the STOP condition is transmitted.
4.7.1
DONE
The I2C controller sets this bit whenever it completes a byte transfer, right after the ACK
stage. The controller also generates an I2C interrupt request (8051 INT3) when it sets the
DONE bit. The I2C controller clears the DONE bit when the 8051 reads or writes the
I2DAT register, and the I2C interrupt request bit whenever the 8051 reads or writes the
I2CS or I2DAT register.
4.7.2
ACK
Every ninth SCL of a write transfer, the slave indicates reception of the byte by asserting
ACK. The EZ-USB controller floats SDA during this time, samples the SDA line, and
updates the ACK bit with the complement of the detected value. ACK=1 indicates
acknowledge, and ACK=0 indicates not-acknowledge. The EZ-USB core updates the
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 4. EZ-USB CPU
Page 4-9
ACK bit at the same time it sets DONE=1. The ACK bit should be ignored for read transfers on the bus.
4.7.3
BERR
This bit indicates an I2C bus error. BERR=1 indicates that there was bus contention,
which results when an outside device drives the bus LO when it shouldn’t, or when
another bus master wins arbitration, taking control of the bus. BERR is cleared when the
8051 reads or writes the I2DAT register.
4.7.4
ID1, ID0
These bits are set by the boot loader (Section 4.10, "I2C Boot Loader") to indicate whether
an 8-bit address or 16-bit address EEPROM at slave address 000 or 001 was detected at
power-on. They are normally used only for debug purposes. Table 4-3 shows the encoding for these bits.
4.8
Sending I2C Data
To send a multiple byte data record over the I2C bus, follow these steps:
1. Set the START bit.
2. Write the peripheral address and direction=0 (for write) to I2DAT.
3. Wait for DONE=1*. If BERR=1 or ACK=0, go to step 7.
4. Load I2DAT with a data byte.
5. Wait for DONE=1*. If BERR=1 or ACK=0 go to step 7.
6. Repeat steps 4 and 5 for each byte until all bytes have been transferred.
7. Set STOP=1.
* If the I2C interrupt (8051 INT3) is enabled, each “Wait for DONE=1” step can be interrupt driven, and handled by an interrupt service routine. See Section 9.12, "I2C Interrupt” for more details regarding the I2C interrupt.
Page 4-10
Chapter 4. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
4.9
Receiving I2C Data
To read a multiple-byte data record, follow these steps:
1. Set the START bit.
2. Write the peripheral address and direction=1 (for read) to I2DAT.
3. Wait for DONE=1*. If BERR=1 or ACK=0, terminate by setting STOP=1.
4. Read I2DAT and discard the data. This initiates the first burst of nine SCL pulses
to clock in the first byte from the slave.
5. Wait for DONE=1*. If BERR=1, terminate by setting STOP=1.
6. Read the data from I2DAT. This initiates another read transfer.
7. Repeat steps 5 and 6 for each byte until ready to read the second-to-last byte.
8. Before reading the second-to-last I2DAT byte, set LASTRD=1.
9. Read the data from I2DAT. With LASTRD=1, this initiates the final byte read on
the I2C bus.
10. Wait for DONE=1*. If BERR=1, terminate by setting STOP=1.
11. Set STOP=1.
12. Read the last byte from I2DAT immediately (the next instruction) after setting the
STOP bit. This retrieves the last data byte without initiating an extra read transaction (nine more SCL pulses) on the I2C bus.
* If the I2C interrupt (8051 INT3) is enabled, each “Wait for DONE=1” step can be interrupt-driven, and handled by an interrupt service routing. See Section 9.12, "I2C Interrupt” for more details regarding the I2C interrupt.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 4. EZ-USB CPU
Page 4-11
I2C Boot Loader
4.10
When the EZ-USB chip comes out of reset, the EZ-USB boot loader checks for the presence of an EEPROM on its I2C bus. If an EEPROM is detected, the loader reads the first
EEPROM byte to determine how to enumerate (specifically, whether to supply ID information from the EZ-USB core or from the EEPROM). The various enumeration modes
are described in Chapter 5, "EZ-USB Enumeration and ReNumeration."
Prior to reading the first EEPROM byte, the boot loader must set an address counter inside
the EEPROM to zero. It does this by sending a control byte (write) to select the
EEPROM, followed by a zero address to set the internal EEPROM address pointer to zero.
Then it issues a control byte (read), and reads the first EEPROM byte.
The EZ-USB boot loader supports two I2C EEPROM types:
•
EEPROMs with address A[7..4]=1010 that use an 8-bit address (example:
24LC00, LC01/A, LC02/A).
•
EEPROMs with address A[7..4]=1010 that use a 16-bit address (example:
24LC00, LC01/A, LC02/A).
EEPROMs with densities up to 256 bytes require loading a single address byte. Larger
EEPROMs require loading two address bytes.
The EZ-USB I2C controller needs to determine which EEPROM type is connected—one
or two address bytes—so that it can properly reset the EEPROM address pointer to zero
before reading the EEPROM. For the single-byte address part, it must send a single zero
byte of address, and for the two-byte address part it must send two zero bytes of address.
Because there is no direct way to detect which EEPROM type—single or double
address—is connected, the I2C controller uses the EEPROM address pins A2, A1, and A0
to determine whether to send out one or two bytes of address. This algorithm requires that
the EEPROM address lines are strapped as shown in Table 4-2. Single-byte-address
EEPROMs are strapped to address 000 and double-byte-address EEPROMs are strapped
to address 001.
Page 4-12
Chapter 4. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Table 4-2. Strap Boot EEPROM Address Lines to These Values
Bytes
Example
EEPROM
A2
A1
A0
16
24LC00*
N/A
N/A
N/A
128
24LC01
0
0
0
256
24LC02
0
0
0
4K
24LC32
0
0
1
8K
24LC64
0
0
1
* This EEPROM does not have address pins
The I2C controller performs a three-step test at power-on to determine whether a one-byteaddress or a two-byte-address EEPROM is attached. This test proceeds as follows:
1. The I2C controller sends out a “read current address” command to I2C sub-address
000 (10100001). If no ACK is returned, the controller proceeds to step 2. If ACK
is returned, the one-byte-address device is indicated. The controller discards the
data and proceeds to step 3.
2. The I2C controller sends out a “read current address” command to I2C sub-address
001 (10100011). If ACK is returned, the two-byte-address device is indicated.
The controller discards the data and proceeds to step 3. If no ACK is returned, the
controller assumes that a valid EEPROM is not connected, assumes the “No Serial
EEPROM” mode, and terminates the boot load.
3. The I2C controller resets the EEPROM address pointer to zero (using the appropriate number of address bytes), then reads the first EEPROM byte. If it does not
read 0xB0 or 0xB2, the controller assumes the “No Serial EEPROM” mode. If it
reads either 0xB0 or 0xB2, the controller copies the next six bytes into internal
storage, and if it reads 0xB2, it proceeds to load the EEPROM contents into internal RAM.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 4. EZ-USB CPU
Page 4-13
The results of this power-on test are reported in the ID1 and ID0 bits, as shown in
Table 4-3.
Table 4-3. Results of Power-On I2C Test
ID1
ID0
Meaning
0
0
No EEPROM detected
0
1
One-byte-address load EEPROM detected
1
0
Two-byte-address load EEPROM detected
1
1
Not used
Other EEPROM devices (with device address of 1010) can be attached to the I2C bus for
general purpose 8051 use, as long as they are strapped for address other than 000 or 001.
If a 24LC00 EEPROM is used, no other EEPROMS with device address 1010 may be
used, because the 24LC00 responds to all eight sub-addresses.
Page 4-14
Chapter 4. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
5 EZ-USB Enumeration and ReNumeration
5.1
Introduction
The EZ-USB chip is soft. 8051 code and data is stored in internal RAM, which is loaded
from the host using the USB interface. Peripheral devices that use the EZ-USB chip can
operate without ROM, EPROM, or FLASH memory, shortening production lead times
and making firmware updates a breeze.
To support the soft feature, the EZ-USB chip automatically enumerates as a USB device
without firmware, so the USB interface itself may be used to download 8051 code and
descriptor tables. The EZ-USB core performs this initial (power-on) enumeration and
code download while the 8051 is held in reset. This initial USB device, which supports
code download, is called the “Default USB Device.”
After the code descriptor tables have been downloaded from the host to EZ-USB RAM,
the 8051 is brought out of reset and begins executing the device code. The EZ-USB
device enumerates again, this time as the loaded device. This second enumeration is
called “ReNumeration,” which the EZ-USB chip accomplishes by electrically simulating a physical disconnection and re-connection to the USB.
An EZ-USB control bit called “ReNum” (ReNumerated) determines which entity, the core
or the 8051, handles device requests over endpoint zero. At power-on, the RENUM bit
(USBCS.1) is zero, indicating that the EZ-USB core automatically handles device
requests. Once the 8051 is running, it can set ReNum=1 to indicate that user 8051 code
handles subsequent device requests using its downloaded firmware. Chapter 7, "EZ-USB
Endpoint Zero" describes how the 8051 handles device requests while ReNum=1.
It is also possible for the 8051 to run with ReNum=0 and have the EZ-USB core handle
certain endpoint zero requests (see the text box, “Another Use for the Default USB
Device” on page 5-2).
This chapter deals with the various EZ-USB startup modes, and describes the default USB
device that is created at initial enumeration.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 5. EZ-USB CPU
Page 5-1
Another Use for the Default USB Device
The Default USB Device is established at power-on to set up a USB device capable of
downloading firmware into EZ-USB RAM. Another useful feature of the EZ-USB
default device is that 8051 code can be written to support the already-configured Generic
USB device. Before bringing the 8051 out of reset, the EZ-USB core enables certain
endpoints and reports them to the host via descriptors. By utilizing the USB default
machine (by keeping ReNum=0), the 8051 can, with very little code, perform meaningful
USB transfers that use these default endpoints. This accelerates the USB learning curve.
To see an example of how little code is actually necessary, take a look at Section 6.11,
"Polled Bulk Transfer Example."
5.2
The Default USB Device
The Default USB Device consists of a single USB configuration containing one interface
(interface 0) with three alternate settings 0, 1, and 2. The endpoints reported for this
device are shown in Table 5-1. Note that alternate setting zero uses no interrupt or isochronous bandwidth, as recommended by the USB Specification.
Table 5-1. EZ-USB Default Endpoints
Endpoint
Type
Alternate Setting
0
1
2
Maximum Packet Size (Bytes)
Page 5-2
0
CTL
64
64
64
1-IN
INT
0
16
64
2-IN
BULK
0
64
64
2-OUT
BULK
0
64
64
4-IN
BULK
0
64
64
4-OUT
BULK
0
64
64
6-IN
BULK
0
64
64
6-OUT
BULK
0
64
64
8-IN
ISO
0
16
256
8-OUT
ISO
0
16
256
9-IN
ISO
0
16
16
9-OUT
ISO
0
16
16
10-IN
ISO
0
16
16
10 OUT
ISO
0
16
16
Chapter 5. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
For purposes of downloading 8051 code, the Default USB Device requires only CONTROL endpoint zero. Nevertheless, the USB default machine is enhanced to support
other endpoints as shown in Figure 5-1 (note the alternate settings 1 and 2). This enhancement is provided to allow the developer to get a head start generating USB traffic and
learning the USB system. All the descriptors are automatically handled by the EZ-USB
core, so the developer can immediately start writing code to transfer data over USB using
these pre-configured endpoints.
When the EZ-USB core establishes the Default USB Device, it also sets the proper endpoint configuration bits to match the descriptor data supplied by the EZ-USB core. For
example, bulk endpoints 2, 4, and 6 are implemented in the Default USB Device, so the
EZ-USB core sets the corresponding EPVAL bits. Chapter 6, “EZ-Bulk Transfers” contains a detailed explanation of the EPVAL bits.
Tables 5-9 through 5-13 show the various descriptors returned to the host by the EZ-USB
core when ReNum=0. These tables describe the USB endpoints defined in Table 5-1,
along with other USB details, and should be useful to help understand the structure of
USB descriptors.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 5. EZ-USB CPU
Page 5-3
5.3
EZ-USB Core Response to EP0 Device Requests
Table 5-2 shows how the EZ-USB core responds to endpoint zero requests when
ReNum=0.
Table 5-2. How the EZ-USB Core Handles EP0 Requests When ReNum=0
bRequest
0x00
Name
Get Status/Device
Action: ReNum=0
Returns two zero bytes
0x00
Get Status/Endpoint
Supplies EP Stall bit for indicated EP
0x00
Get Status/Interface
Returns two zero bytes
0x01
Clear Feature/Device
None
0x01
Clear Feature/Endpoint Clears Stall bit for indicated EP
0x02
(reserved)
None
0x03
Set Feature/Device
None
0x03
Set Feature Endpoint
Sets Stall bit for indicated EP
0x04
(reserved)
None
0x05
Set Address
Updates FNADD register
0x06
Get Descriptor
Supplies internal table
0x07
Set Descriptor
None
0x08
Get Configuration
Returns internal value
0x09
Set Configuration
Sets internal value
0x0A
Get Interface
Returns internal value (0-3)
0x0B
Set Interface
Sets internal value (0-3)
0x0C
Sync Frame
None
Vendor Requests
0x0A
0xA1-0xAF
Firmware Load
Upload/Download RAM
Reserved
Reserved by Cypress Semiconductor
all other
None
The USB host enumerates by issuing:
•
Set_Address
•
Get_Descriptor
•
Set_Configuration (to 1)
Page 5-4
Chapter 5. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
As shown in Table 5-2, after enumeration, the EZ-USB core responds to the following
host requests.
•
Set or clear an endpoint stall (Set/Clear Feature-Endpoint).
•
Read the stall status for an endpoint (Get_Status_Endpoint).
•
Set/Read an 8-bit configuration number (Set/Get_Configuration).
•
Set/Read a 2-bit interface alternate setting (Set/Get_Interface).
•
Download or upload 8051 RAM.
To ensure proper operation of the default Keil Monitor, which uses SIO-1 (RXD1 and
TXD1), never change the following Port Config bits from “1”:
•
PORTBCFG bits 2 (RXD1) and 3 (TXD1).
To ensure the 8051 processor can access the external SRAM (including the Keil Monitor),
do not change the following bits from “1”:
•
PORTCCFG bits 6 (WR#) and 7 (RD#).
To ensure that no bits are unintentionally changed, all writes to the PORTxCFG registers
should use a read-modify-write series of instructions.
5.4
Firmware Load
The USB Specification provides for vendor-specific requests to be sent over CONTROL
endpoint zero. The EZ-USB chip uses this feature to transfer data between the host and
EZ-USB RAM. The EZ-USB core responds to two “Firmware Load” requests, as shown
in Tables 5-3 and 5-4.
Table 5-3. Firmware Download
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Byte
Field
Value
Meaning
8051 Response
0
bmRequest
0x40
Vendor Request, OUT
None required
1
bRequest
0xA0
“Firmware Load”
2
wValueL
AddrL
Starting Address
3
wValueH
AddrH
4
wIndexL
0x00
5
wIndexH
0x00
6
wLenghtL
LenL
7
wLengthH
LenH
Number of Bytes
Chapter 5. EZ-USB CPU
Page 5-5
Table 5-4. Firmware Upload
Byte
Field
Value
Meaning
0
bmRequest
0xC0
Vendor Request, IN
1
bRequest
0xA0
“Firmware Load”
2
wValueL
AddrL
Starting Address
3
wValueH
AddrH
4
wIndexL
0x00
5
wIndexH
0x00
6
wLengthL
LenL
7
wLengthH
LenH
8051 Response
None required
Number of Bytes
These requests are always handled by the EZ-USB core (ReNum=0 or 1). This means that
0xA0 is reserved by the EZ-USB chip, and therefore should never be used for a vendor
request. Cypress Semiconductor also reserves bRequest values 0xA1 through 0xAF, so
your system should not use these bRequest values.
A host loader program typically writes 0x01 to the CPUCS register to put the 8051 into
RESET, loads all or part of the EZ-USB RAM with 8051 code, and finally reloads the
CPUCS register with 0 to take the 8051 out of RESET. The CPUCS register is the only
USB register that can be written using the Firmware Download command.
Firmware loads are restricted to internal EZ-USB memory.
When ReNum=1 at Power-On
At power-on, the ReNum bit is normally set to zero so that the EZ-USB handles device
requests over CONTROL endpoint zero. This allows the core to download 8051 firmware and then reconnect as the target device.
At power-on, the EZ-USB core checks the I2C bus for the presence of an EEPROM. If it
finds one, and the first byte of the EEPROM is 0xB2, the core copies the contents of the
EEPROM into internal RAM, sets the ReNum bit to 1, and un-RESETS the 8051. The
8051 wakes up ready-to-run firmware in RAM. The required data form at for this load
module is described in the next section.
Page 5-6
Chapter 5. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
5.5
Enumeration Modes
When the EZ-USB chip comes out of reset, the EZ-USB core makes a decision about how
to enumerate based on the contents of an external EEPROM on its I2C bus. Table 5-5
shows the choices. In Table 5-5, PID means Product ID, VID means Version ID, and DID
means Device ID.
Table 5-5. EZ-USB Core Action at Power-Up
First EEPROM byte
EZ-USB Core Action
Not 0xB0 or 0xB2
Supplies descriptors, PID/VID/DID from EZ-USB
Core. Sets ReNum=0.
0xB0
Supplies descriptors from EZ-USB core, PID/VID/DID
from EEPROM. Sets ReNum=0.
0xB2
Loads EEPROM into EZ-USB RAM. Sets ReNum=1;
therefore 8051 supplies descriptors, PID/VID/DID.
If no EEPROM is present, or if one is present but the first byte is neither 0xB0 nor 0xB2,
the EZ-USB core enumerates using internally stored descriptor data, which contains the
Cypress Semiconductor VID, PID, and DID. These ID bytes cause the host operating system to load a Cypress Semiconductor device driver. The EZ-USB core also establishes the
Default USB device. This mode is only used for code development and debug.
If a serial EEPROM is attached to the I2C bus and its first byte is 0xB0, the EZ-USB core
enumerates with the same internally stored descriptor data as for the no-EEPROM case,
but with one difference. It supplies the PID/VID/DID data from six bytes in the external
EEPROM rather than from the EZ-USB core. The custom VID/PID/DID in the EEPROM
causes the host operating system to load a device driver that is matched to the EEPROM
VID/PID/DID. This EZ-USB operating mode provides a soft USB device using ReNumeration.
If a serial EEPROM is attached to the I2C bus and its first byte is 0xB2, the EZ-USB core
transfers the contents of the EEPROM into internal RAM. The EZ-USB core also sets the
ReNum bit to 1 to indicate that the 8051 (and not the EZ-USB core) responds to device
requests over CONTROL endpoint zero (see the text box, “When ReNum=1 at PowerOn” on page 5-6). Therefore, all descriptor data, including VID/DID/PID values, are supplied by the 8051 firmware. The last byte loaded from the EEPROM (to the CPUCS register) releases the 8051 reset signal, allowing the EZ-USB chip to come up as a fully
custom device with firmware in RAM.
The following sections discuss these enumeration methods in detail.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 5. EZ-USB CPU
Page 5-7
The Other Half of the I2C Story
The EZ-USB I2C controller serves two purposes. First, as described in this chapter, it
manages the serial EEPROM interface that operates automatically at power-on to determine the enumeration method. Second, once the 8051 is up and running, the 8051 can
access the I2C controller for general-purpose use. This makes a wide range of standard
I2C peripherals available to an EZ-USB system.
Other I2C devices can be attached to the SCL and SDA lines of the I2C bus as long as
there is no address conflict with the serial EEPROM described in this chapter. Chapter 4,
"EZ-USB Input/Output" describes the general-purpose nature of the I2C interface.
5.6
No Serial EEPROM
In the simplest case, no serial EEPROM is present on the I2C bus, or an EEPROM is
present but its first byte is not 0xB0 or 0xB2. In this case, descriptor data is supplied by a
table internal to the EZ-USB core. The EZ-USB chip comes on as the USB Default
Device, with the ID bytes shown in Table 5-6.
Table 5-6. EZ-USB Device Characteristics, No Serial EEPROM
Vendor ID
0x0547 (Cypress Semiconductor)
Product ID
0x2131 (EZ-USB)
Device Release
0xXXYY (depends on revision)
The USB host queries the device during enumeration, reads the device descriptor, and uses
the Table 5-6 bytes to determine which software driver to load into the operating system.
This is a major USB feature—drivers are dynamically matched with devices and automatically loaded when a device is plugged in.
The no_EEPROM case is the simplest configuration, but also the most limiting. This
mode is used only for code development, utilizing Cypress software tools matched to the
ID values in Table 5-6.
Page 5-8
Chapter 5. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Reminder
The EZ-USB core uses the Table 5-6 data for enumeration only if the ReNum bit is zero.
If ReNum=1, enumeration data is supplied by 8051 code.
5.7
Serial EEPROM Present, First Byte is 0xB0
Table 5-7. EEPROM Data Format for “B0” Load
EEPROM
Address
Contents
0
0xB0
1
Vendor ID (VID) L
2
Vendor ID (VID) H
3
Product ID (PID) L
4
Product ID (PID) H
5
Device ID (DID) L
6
Device ID (DID) H
7
Not used
If, at power-on, the EZ-USB core detects an EEPROM connected to its I2C port with the
value 0xB0 at address 0, the EZ-USB core copies the Vendor ID (VID), Product ID (PID),
and Device ID (DID) from the EEPROM (Table 5-7) into internal storage. The EZ-USB
core then supplies these bytes to the host as part of the Get_Descriptor-Device request.
(These six bytes replace only the VID/PID/DID bytes in the default USB device descriptor.) This causes a driver matched to the VID/PID/DID values in the EEPROM, instead of
those in the EZ-USB core, to be loaded into the OS.
After initial enumeration, the driver downloads 8051 code and USB descriptor data into
EZ-USB RAM and starts the 8051. The code then ReNumerates to come on as the fully
custom device.
A recommended EEPROM for this application is the Microchip 24LC00, a small (5-pin
SOT package) inexpensive 16-byte serial EEPROM. A 24LC01 (128 bytes) or 24LC02
(256 bytes) may be substituted for the 24LC00, but as with the 24LC00, only the first
seven bytes are used.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 5. EZ-USB CPU
Page 5-9
5.8
Serial EEPROM Present, First Byte is 0xB2
If, at power-on, the EZ-USB core detects an EEPROM connected to its I2C port with the
value 0xB2 at address 0; the EZ-USB core loads the EEPROM data into EZ-USB RAM.
It also sets the ReNum bit to 1, causing device requests to be fielded by the 8051 instead of
the EZ-USB core. The EEPROM data format is shown in Table 5-8.
Table 5-8. EEPROM Data Format for “B2” Load
EEPROM
Address
Contents
0
0xB2
1
Vendor ID (VID) L
2
Vendor ID (VID) H
3
Product ID (PID) L
4
Product ID (PID) H
5
Device ID (DID) L
6
Device ID (DID) H
7
Length H
8
Length L
9
StartAddr H
10
StartAddr L
---
Data block
-----
Length H
---
Length L
---
StartAddr H
---
StartAddr L
---
Data block
-----
0x80
---
0x01
---
0x7F
---
0x92
--Last
00000000
The first byte tells the EZ-USB core to copy EEPROM data into RAM. The next six bytes
(1-6) are ignored (see the text box, “VID/PID/DID in a “B2” EEPROM” on page 5-11).
Page 5-10
Chapter 5. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
One or more data records follow, starting at EEPROM address 7. The maximum value of
Length H is 0x03, allowing a maximum of 1,023 bytes per record. Each data record consists of a length, a starting address, and a block of data bytes. The last data record must
have the MSB of its Length H byte set to 1. The last data record consists of a single-byte
load to the CPUCS register at 0x7F92. Only the LSB of this byte is significant—
8051RES (CPUCS.0) is set to zero to bring the 8051 out of reset.
Serial EEPROM data can be loaded into two EZ-USB RAM spaces only.
•
8051 program/data RAM at 0x0000-0x1B40.
•
The CPUCS register at 0x7F92 (only bit 0, 8051 RESET, is host-loadable).
VID/PID/DID in a “B2” EEPROM
Bytes 1-6 of a B2 EEPROM can be loaded with VID/PID/DID bytes if it is desired at
some point to run the 8051 program with ReNum=0 (EZ-USB core handles device
requests), using the EEPROM VID/PID/DID rather than the Cypress Semiconductor values built into the EZ-USB core.
5.9
ReNumeration
Three EZ-USB control bits in the USBCS (USB Control and Status) register control the
ReNumeration process: DISCON, DISCOE, and RENUM.
USBCS
USB Control and Status
7FD6
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
WAKESRC
-
-
-
DISCON
DISCOE
RENUM
SIGRSUME
R/W
R
R
R
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
Figure 5-1. USB Control and Status Register
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 5. EZ-USB CPU
Page 5-11
Internal Logic
DISCON
DISCON#
pin
DISCOE
Figure 5-2. Disconnect Pin Logic
The logic for the DISCON and DISCOE bits is shown in Figure 5-2. To simulate a USB
disconnect, the 8051 writes the value 00001010 to USBCS. This floats the DISCON# pin,
and provides an internal DISCON signal to the USB core that causes it to perform disconnect housekeeping.
To re-connect to USB, the 8051 writes the value 00000110 to USBCS. This presents a
logic HI to the DISCON# pin, enables the output buffer, and sets the RENUM bit HI to
indicate that the 8051 (and not the USB core) is now in control for USB transfers. This
arrangement allows connecting the 1,500-ohm resistor directly between the DISCON# pin
and the USB D+ line (Figure 5-3).
DISCON#
EZ-USB
To 3.3V regulator
1500
J1
VCC
DD+
GND
1
2
3
4
DD+
USB-B
Figure 5-3. Typical Disconnect Circuit (DISCOE=1)
Page 5-12
Chapter 5. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
5.10
Multiple ReNumerations
The 8051 can ReNumerate anytime. Once use for this capability might be to fine tune
an isochronous endpoint’s bandwidth requests by trying various descriptor values and
ReNumerating.
5.11
Default Descriptor
Tables 5-9 through 5-19 show the descriptor data built into the EZ-USB core. The tables
are presented in the order that the bytes are stored.
Table 5-9. USB Default Device Descriptor
Offset
Field
Description
Value
0
bLength
Length of this Descriptor = 18 bytes
12H
1
bDescriptorType
Descriptor Type = Device
01H
2
bcdUSB (L)
USB Specification Version 1.00 (L)
00H
3
bcdUSB (H)
USB Specification Version 1.00 (H)
01H
4
bDeviceClass
Device Class (FF is Vendor-Specific)
FFH
5
bDeviceSubClass
Device Sub-Class (FF is Vendor-Specific)
FFH
6
bDeviceProtocol
Device Protocol (FF is Vendor-Specific)
FFH
7
bMaxPacketSize0
Maximum Packet Size for EP0 = 64 bytes
40H
8
idVendor (L)
Vendor ID (L)
47H
9
idVendor (H)
Vendor ID (H)
10
idProduct (L)
Product ID (L)
Cypress Semiconductor = 0547H
05H
EZ-USB = 2131H
31H
11
idProduct (H)
Product ID (H)
21H
12
bcdDevice (L)
Device Release Number (BCD,L) (see individual data sheet)
21H
13
bcdDevice (H)
Device Release Number (BCD,H) (see individual data sheet)
YYH
14
iManufacturer
Manufacturer Index String = None
00H
15
iProduct
Product Index String = None
00H
16
iSerialNumber
Serial Number Index String = None
00H
17
bNumConfigurations
Number of Configurations in this Interface = 1
01H
The Device Descriptor specifies a MaxPacketSize of 64 bytes for endpoint 0, contains
Cypress Semiconductor Vendor, Product and Release Number IDs, and uses no string
indices. Release Number IDs (XX and YY) are found in individual Cypress Semiconductor
data sheets. The EZ-USB core returns this information response to a “Get_Descriptor/
Device” host request.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 5. EZ-USB CPU
Page 5-13
Table 5-10. USB Default Configuration Descriptor
Offset
Field
Description
Value
0
bLength
Length of this Descriptor = 9 bytes
09H
1
bDescriptorType
Descriptor Type = Configuration
02H
2
wTotalLength (L)
Total Length (L) Including Interface and Endpoint Descriptors
DAH
3
wTotalLength (H)
Total Length (H)
00H
4
bNumInterfaces
Number of Interfaces in this Configuration
01H
5
bConfigurationValue
Configuration Value Used by Set_Configuration Request to
Select this Configuration
01H
6
iConfiguration
Index of String Describing this Configuration = None
00H
7
bmAttributes
Attributes - Bus-Powered, No Wakeup
80H
8
MaxPower
Maximum Power - 100 mA
32H
The configuration descriptor includes a total length field (offset 2-3) that encompasses all
interface and endpoint descriptors that follow the configuration descriptor. This configuration describes a single interface (offset 4). The host selects this configuration by issuing
a Set_Configuration requests specifying configuration #1 (offset 5).
Table 5-11. USB Default Interface 0, Alternate Setting 0 Descriptor
Offset
Field
Description
Value
0
bLength
Length of the Interface Descriptor
09H
1
bDescriptorType
Descriptor Type = Interface
04H
2
bInterfaceNumber
Zero-based Index of this Interface = 0
00H
3
bAlternateSetting
Alternate Setting Value = 0
00H
4
bNumEndpoints
Number of Endpoints in this Interface (Not Counting EPO) = 0
00H
5
bInterfaceClass
Interface Class = Vendor Specific
FFH
6
bInterfaceSubClass
Interface Sub-class = Vendor Specific
FFH
7
bInterfaceProtocol
Interface Protocol = Vendor Specific
FFH
8
iInterface
Index to String Descriptor for this Interface = None
00H
Interface 0, alternate setting 0 describes endpoint 0 only. This is a zero bandwidth setting.
The interface has no string index.
Page 5-14
Chapter 5. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Table 5-12. USB Default Interface 0, Alternate Setting 1 Descriptor
Offset
Field
Description
Value
0
bLength
Length of the Interface Descriptor
09H
1
bDescriptorType
Descriptor Type = Interface
04H
2
bInterfaceNumber
Zero-based Index of this Interface = 0
00H
3
bAlternateSetting
Alternate Setting Value = 1
01H
4
bNumEndpoints
Number of Endpoints in this Interface (Not Counting EPO) = 13
0DH
5
bInterfaceClass
Interface Class = Vendor Specific
FFH
6
bInterfaceSubClass
Interface Sub-class = Vendor Specific
FFH
7
bInterfaceProtocol
Interface Protocol = Vendor Specific
FFH
8
iInterface
Index to String Descriptor for this Interface = None
00H
Interface 0, alternate setting 1 has thirteen endpoints, whose individual descriptors follow
the interface descriptor. The alternate settings have no string indices.
Table 5-13. USB Default Interface 0, Alternate Setting 1, Interrupt Endpoint Descriptor
Offset
Field
Description
Value
0
bLength
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
1
bDescriptorType
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
05H
2
bEndpointAddress
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = IN1
81H
3
bmAttributes
XFR Type = INT
03H
4
wMaxPacketSize (L)
Maximum Packet Size = 16 Bytes
10H
5
wMaxPacketSize (H) Maximum Packet Size - High
00H
6
bInterval
0AH
Polling Interval in Milliseconds = 10 ms
07H
Interface 0, alternate setting 1 has one interrupt endpoint, IN1, which has a maximum
packet size of 16 and a polling interval of 10 ms.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 5. EZ-USB CPU
Page 5-15
Table 5-14. USB Default Interface 0, Alternate Setting 1, Bulk Endpoint Descriptors
Offset
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Page 5-16
Field
bLength
bDescriptorType
bEndpointAddress
bmAttributes
wMaxPacketSize (L)
wMaxPacketSize (H)
bInterval
bLength
bDescriptorType
bEndpointAddress
bmAttributes
wMaxPacketSize (L)
wMaxPacketSize (H)
bInterval
bLength
bDescriptorType
bEndpointAddress
bmAttributes
wMaxPacketSize (L)
wMaxPacketSize (H)
bInterval
bLength
bDescriptorType
bEndpointAddress
bmAttributes
wMaxPacketSize (L)
wMaxPacketSize (H)
bInterval
bLength
bDescriptorType
bEndpointAddress
bmAttributes
wMaxPacketSize (L)
wMaxPacketSize (H)
bInterval
Description
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = IN2
XFR Type = BULK
Maximum Packet Size = 64 Bytes
Maximum Packet Size - High
Polling Interval in Milliseconds (1 for iso)
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = OUT2
XFR Type = BULK
Maximum Packet Size = 64 Bytes
Maximum Packet Size - High
Polling Interval in Milliseconds (1 for iso)
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = IN4
XFR Type = BULK
Maximum Packet Size = 64 Bytes
Maximum Packet Size - High
Polling Interval in Milliseconds (1 for iso)
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = OUT4
XFR Type = BULK
Maximum Packet Size = 64 Bytes
Maximum Packet Size - High
Polling Interval in Milliseconds (1 for iso)
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = IN6
XFR Type = BULK
Maximum Packet Size = 64 Bytes
Maximum Packet Size - High
Polling Interval in Milliseconds (1 for iso)
Chapter 5. EZ-USB CPU
Value
07H
05H
82H
02H
40H
00H
00H
07H
05H
02H
02H
40H
00H
00H
07H
05H
84H
02H
40H
00H
00H
07H
05H
04H
02H
40H
00H
00H
07H
05H
86H
02H
40H
00H
00H
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Table 5-14. USB Default Interface 0, Alternate Setting 1, Bulk Endpoint Descriptors
Offset
Field
Description
Value
0
bLength
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
07H
1
bDescriptorType
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
05H
2
bEndpointAddress
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = OUT6
06H
3
bmAttributes
XFR Type = BULK
02H
4
wMaxPacketSize (L)
Maximum Packet Size = 64 Bytes
5
wMaxPacketSize (H) Maximum Packet Size - High
00H
6
bInterval
00H
Polling Interval in Milliseconds (1 for iso)
40H
Interface 0, alternate setting 1 has six bulk endpoints with max packet sizes of 64 bytes.
Even numbered endpoints were chosen to allow endpoint pairing. For more on endpoint
pairing, see Chapter 6, "EZ-USB Bulk Transfers."
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 5. EZ-USB CPU
Page 5-17
Table 5-15. USB Default Interface 0, Alternate Setting 1, Isochronous Endpoint Descriptors
Offset
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Page 5-18
Field
bLength
bDescriptorType
bEndpointAddress
bmAttributes
wMaxPacketSize (L)
wMaxPacketSize (H)
bInterval
bLength
bDescriptorType
bEndpointAddress
bmAttributes
wMaxPacketSize (L)
wMaxPacketSize (H)
bInterval
bLength
bDescriptorType
bEndpointAddress
bmAttributes
wMaxPacketSize (L)
wMaxPacketSize (H)
bInterval
bLength
bDescriptorType
bEndpointAddress
bmAttributes
wMaxPacketSize (L)
wMaxPacketSize (H)
bInterval
bLength
bDescriptorType
bEndpointAddress
bmAttributes
wMaxPacketSize (L)
wMaxPacketSize (H)
bInterval
bLength
bDescriptorType
bEndpointAddress
bmAttributes
wMaxPacketSize (L)
wMaxPacketSize (H)
bInterval
Description
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = IN8
XFR Type = ISO
Maximum Packet Size = 16 Bytes
Maximum Packet Size - High
Polling Interval in Milliseconds (1 for iso)
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = OUT8
XFR Type = ISO
Maximum Packet Size = 16 Bytes
Maximum Packet Size - High
Polling Interval in Milliseconds (1 for iso)
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = IN9
XFR Type = ISO
Maximum Packet Size = 16 Bytes
Maximum Packet Size - High
Polling Interval in Milliseconds (1 for iso)
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = OUT9
XFR Type = ISO
Maximum Packet Size = 16 Bytes
Maximum Packet Size - High
Polling Interval in Milliseconds (1 for iso)
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = IN10
XFR Type = ISO
Maximum Packet Size = 16 Bytes
Maximum Packet Size - High
Polling Interval in Milliseconds (1 for iso)
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = OUT10
XFR Type = ISO
Maximum Packet Size = 16 Bytes
Maximum Packet Size - High
Polling Interval in Milliseconds (1 for iso)
Chapter 5. EZ-USB CPU
Value
07H
05H
88H
01H
10H
00H
01H
07H
05H
08H
01H
10H
00H
01H
07H
05H
89H
01H
10H
00H
01H
07H
05H
09H
01H
10H
00H
01H
07H
05H
8AH
01H
10H
00H
01H
07H
05H
0AH
01H
10H
00H
01H
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Interface 0, alternate setting 1 has six isochronous endpoints with maximum packet sizes
of 16 bytes. This is a low bandwidth setting.
Table 5-16. USB Default Interface 0, Alternate Setting 2 Descriptor
Offset
Field
Description
Value
0
bLength
Length of the Interface Descriptor
09H
1
bDescriptor Type
Descriptor Type = Interface
04H
2
bInterfaceNumber
Zero-based Index of this Interface = 0
00H
3
bAlternateSetting
Alternate Setting Value = 2
02H
4
bNumEndpoints
Number of Endpoints in this Interface (Not Counting EPO) = 13
0DH
5
bInterfaceClass
Interface Class = Vendor Specific
FFH
6
bInterfaceSubClass
Interface Sub-class = Vendor Specific
FFH
7
bInterfaceProtocol
Interface Protocol = Vendor Specific
FFH
8
iInterface
Index to String Descriptor for this Interface = None
00H
Interface 0, alternate setting 2 has thirteen endpoints, whose individual descriptors follow
the interface descriptor. Alternate setting 2 differs from alternate setting 1 in the maximum packet sizes of its interrupt endpoint and two of its isochronous endpoints (EP8IN
and EP8OUT).
Table 5-17. USB Default Interface 0, Alternate Setting 1, Interrupt Endpoint Descriptor
Offset
Field
Description
Value
0
bLength
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
07H
1
bDescriptorType
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
05H
2
bEndpointAddress
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = IN1
81H
3
bmAttributes
XFR Type = INT
03H
4
wMaxPacketSize (L)
Maximum Packet Size = 64 Bytes
5
wMaxPacketSize (H) Maximum Packet Size - High
00H
6
bInterval
0AH
Polling Interval in Milliseconds = 10 ms
40H
Alternate setting 2 for the interrupt 1-IN increases the maximum packet size for the interrupt endpoint to 64.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 5. EZ-USB CPU
Page 5-19
Table 5-18. USB Default Interface 0, Alternate Setting 2, Bulk Endpoint Descriptors
Offset
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Field
bLength
bDescriptor Type
bEndpointAddress
bmAttributes
wMaxPacketSize (L)
wMaxPacketSize (H)
bInterval
bLength
bDescriptorType
bEndpointAddress
bmAttributes
wMaxPacketSize (L)
wMaxPacketSize (H)
bInterval
bLength
bDescriptorType
bEndpointAddress
bmAttributes
wMaxPacketSize (L)
wMaxPacketSize (H)
bInterval
bLength
bDescriptorType
bEndpointAddress
bmAttributes
wMaxPacketSize (L)
wMaxPacketSize (H)
bInterval
bLength
bDescriptorType
bEndpointAddress
bmAttributes
wMaxPacketSize (L)
wMaxPacketSize (H)
bInterval
bLength
bDescriptorType
bEndpointAddress
bmAttributes
wMaxPacketSize (L)
wMaxPacketSize (H)
bInterval
Description
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = IN2
XFR Type = BULK
Maximum Packet Size = 64 Bytes
Maximum Packet Size - High
Polling Interval in Milliseconds (1 for iso)
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = OUT2
XFR Type = BULK
Maximum Packet Size = 64 Bytes
Maximum Packet Size - High
Polling Interval in Milliseconds (1 for iso)
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = IN4
XFR Type = BULK
Maximum Packet Size = 64 Bytes
Maximum Packet Size - High
Polling Interval in Milliseconds (1 for iso)
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = OUT4
XFR Type = ISO
Maximum Packet Size = 64 Bytes
Maximum Packet Size - High
Polling Interval in Milliseconds (1 for iso)
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = IN6
XFR Type = BULK
Maximum Packet Size = 64 Bytes
Maximum Packet Size - High
Polling Interval in Milliseconds (1 for iso)
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = OUT6
XFR Type = BULK
Maximum Packet Size = 64 Bytes
Maximum Packet Size - High
Polling Interval in Milliseconds (1 for iso)
Value
07H
05H
82H
02H
40H
00H
00H
07H
05H
02H
02H
40H
00H
00H
07H
05H
84H
02H
40H
00H
00H
07H
05H
04H
02H
40H
00H
00H
07H
05H
86H
02H
40H
00H
00H
07H
05H
06H
02H
40H
00H
00H
The bulk endpoints for alternate setting 2 are identical to alternate setting 1.
Page 5-20
Chapter 5. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Table 5-19. USB Default Interface 0, Alternate Setting 2, Isochronous Endpoint Descriptors
Offset
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Field
bLength
bDescriptorType
bEndpointAddress
bmAttributes
wMaxPacketSize (L)
wMaxPacketSize (H)
bInterval
bLength
bDescriptorType
bEndpointAddress
bmAttributes
wMaxPacketSize (L)
wMaxPacketSize (H)
bInterval
bLength
bDescriptorType
bEndpointAddress
bmAttributes
wMaxPacketSize (L)
wMaxPacketSize (H)
bInterval
bLength
bDescriptorType
bEndpointAddress
bmAttributes
wMaxPacketSize (L)
wMaxPacketSize (H)
bInterval
bLength
bDescriptorType
bEndpointAddress
bmAttributes
wMaxPacketSize (L)
wMaxPacketSize (H)
bInterval
bLength
bDescriptorType
bEndpointAddress
bmAttributes
wMaxPacketSize (L)
wMaxPacketSize (H)
bInterval
Description
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = IN8
XFR Type = ISO
Maximum Packet Size = 256 Bytes
Maximum Packet Size - High
Polling Interval in Milliseconds (1 for iso)
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = OUT8
XFR Type = ISO
Maximum Packet Size = 256 Bytes
Maximum Packet Size - High
Polling Interval in Milliseconds (1 for iso)
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = IN9
XFR Type = ISO
Maximum Packet Size = 16 Bytes
Maximum Packet Size - High
Polling Interval in Milliseconds (1 for iso)
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = OUT9
XFR Type = ISO
Maximum Packet Size = 16 Bytes
Maximum Packet Size - High
Polling Interval in Milliseconds (1 for iso)
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = IN10
XFR Type = ISO
Maximum Packet Size = 16 Bytes
Maximum Packet Size - High
Polling Interval in Milliseconds (1 for iso)
Length of this Endpoint Descriptor
Descriptor Type = Endpoint
Endpoint Direction (1 is in) and Address = OUT10
XFR Type = ISO
Maximum Packet Size = 16 Bytes
Maximum Packet Size - High
Polling Interval in Milliseconds (1 for iso)
Value
07H
05H
88H
01H
10H
01H
01H
07H
05H
08H
01H
00H
10H
01H
07H
05H
89H
01H
10H
00H
01H
07H
05H
09H
01H
10H
00H
01H
07H
05H
8AH
01H
10H
00H
01H
07H
05H
0AH
01H
10H
00H
01H
The only differences between alternate settings 1 and 2 are the maximum packet sizes for
EP8IN and EP8OUT. This is a high-bandwidth setting using 256 bytes each.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 5. EZ-USB CPU
Page 5-21
Page 5-22
Chapter 5. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
6 EZ-USB Bulk Transfers
6.1
Introduction
A E
I D N
N D D
R P
C
R
C
5
Token Packet
D
A
T
A
0
Payload
Data
C
R
C
1
6
Data Packet
A E
I D N
N D D
R P
A
C
K
C
R
C
5
Token Packet
H/S Pkt
D
A
T
A
1
Payload
Data
Data Packet
C
R
C
1
6
A
C
K
H/S Pkt
Figure 6-1. Two BULK Transfers, IN and OUT
EZ-USB provides sixteen endpoints for BULK, CONTROL, and INTERRUPT transfers,
numbered 0-7 as shown in Table 6-1. This chapter describes BULK and INTERRUPT
transfers. INTERRUPT transfers are a special case of BULK transfers. EZ-USB CONTROL endpoint zero is described in Chapter 7, "EZ-USB Endpoint Zero."
Table 6-1. EZ-USB Bulk, Control, and Interrupt Endpoints
Endpoint Direction
Type
Size
0
Bidir
Control
64/64
1
IN
Bulk/Int
64
1
OUT
Bulk/Int
64
2
IN
Bulk/Int
64
2
OUT
Bulk/Int
64
3
IN
Bulk/Int
64
3
OUT
Bulk/Int
64
4
IN
Bulk/Int
64
4
OUT
Bulk/Int
64
5
IN
Bulk/Int
64
5
OUT
Bulk/Int
64
6
IN
Bulk/Int
64
*6
OUT
Bulk/Int
64
7
IN
Bulk/Int
64
7
OUT
Bulk/Int
64
* The highlighted endpoints do not exist in the AN2122 or AN2126. See also Table 1-2.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 6. EZ-USB CPU
Page 6-1
The USB specification allows maximum packet sizes of 8, 16, 32, or 64 bytes for bulk
data, and 1 - 64 bytes for interrupt data. EZ-USB provides the maximum 64 bytes of
buffer space for each of its sixteen endpoints 0-7 IN and 0-7 OUT. Six of the bulk endpoints, 2-IN, 4-IN, 6-IN, 2-OUT, 4-OUT, and 6-OUT may be paired with the next consecutively numbered endpoint to provide double-buffering, which allows one data packet to
be serviced by the 8051 while another is in transit over USB. Six endpoint pairing bits
(USBPAIR register) control double-buffering.
The 8051 sets fourteen endpoint valid bits (IN07VAL, OUT07VAL registers) at initialization time to tell the EZ-USB core which endpoints are active. The default CONTROL
endpoint zero is always valid.
Bulk data appears in RAM. Each bulk endpoint has a reserved 64-byte RAM space, a 7bit count register, and a 2-bit control and status (CS) register. The 8051 can read one bit of
the CS register to determine endpoint busy, and write the other to force an endpoint
STALL condition.
The 8051 should never read or write an endpoint buffer or byte count register while the
endpoint’s busy bit is set.
When an endpoint becomes ready for 8051 service, the EZ-USB core sets an interrupt
request bit. The EZ-USB vectored interrupt system separates the interrupt requests by
endpoint to automatically transfer control to the ISR (Interrupt Service Routine) for the
endpoint requiring service. Chapter 9, "EZ-USB Interrupts" fully describes this mechanism.
Figure 6-2 illustrates the registers and bits associated with bulk transfers.
Page 6-2
Chapter 6. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Registers Associated with a Bulk IN endpoint
(EP2IN shown as example)
Initialization
IN07VAL
7
6
5
4
3
Data transfer
2
1
0
IN2BUF
Endpoint Valid (1=valid)
USBPAIR
o67
o45
o23
i67
i45
64 Byte
Endpoint
Buffer
i23
Endpoint Pairing (1=paired)
IN07IEN
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
IN2BC
Byte Count
Interrupt Enable (1=enabled)
Busy and Stall
Interrupt Control
IN2CS
B
S
IN07IRQ
Control & Status
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Interrupt Request (write 1 to clear)
Registers Associated with a Bulk OUT endpoint
(EP4OUT shown as example)
Initialization
OUT07VAL
7
6
5
4
3
Data transfer
2
1
0
OUT4BUF
Endpoint Valid (1=valid)
USBPAIR
o67
o45
o23
i67
i45
64 Byte
Endpoint
Buffer
i23
Endpoint Pairing (1=paired)
OUT07IEN
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
OUT4BC
Interrupt Enable (1=enabled)
Byte Count
Busy and Stall
OUT4CS
Interrupt Control
B
S
OUT07IRQ
Control & Status
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Interrupt Request (write 1 to clear)
Figure 6-2. Registers Associated with Bulk Endpoints
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 6. EZ-USB CPU
Page 6-3
Bulk IN Transfers
...
1
2
3
4
5
H
D
H
H
D
A
I D
N D
R
E
N
D
P
D
A
T
A
1
C
R
C
5
C
R
C
1
6
Payload
Data
Data Packet
Token Packet
...
5
H
A
I D
N D
R
E
N
D
P
C
R
C
5
Token Packet
C
R
C
5
Token Packet
H/S Pkt
(INnBC loaded)
4
A E
I D N
N D D
R P
A
C
K
..
.
N
A
K
H/S Pkt
EPnIN Interrupt, INnBSY=0
6
7
8
D
H
D
N
A
K
A E
I D N
N D D
R P
...
D
A
T
A
0
C
R
C
5
Token Packet
H/S Pkt
Load INnBC
H
Payload
Data
Data Packet
C
R
C
1
6
A
C
K
Note: H=Host, D=Device (EZ-USB)
6.2
H/S Pkt
EPnIN Interrupt, INnBSY=0
Figure 6-3. Anatomy of a Bulk IN Transfer
USB bulk IN data travels from device to host. The host requests an IN transfer by issuing
an IN token to the EZ-USB core, which responds with data when it is ready. The 8051
indicates ready by loading the endpoint’s byte count register. If the EZ-USB core receives
an IN token for an endpoint that is not ready, it responds to the IN token with a NAK handshake.
In the bulk IN transfer illustrated in Figure 6-3, the 8051 has previously loaded an endpoint buffer with a data packet, and then loaded the endpoint’s byte count register with the
number of bytes in the packet to arm the next IN transfer. This sets the endpoint’s BUSY
Bit. The host issues an IN token (1), to which the USB core responds by transmitting the
data in the IN endpoint buffer (2). When the host issues an ACK (3), indicating that the
data has been received error-free, the USB core clears the endpoint’s BUSY Bit and sets
its interrupt request bit. This notifies the 8051 that the endpoint buffer is empty. If this is a
multi-packet transfer, the host then issues another IN token to get the next packet.
If the second IN token (4) arrives before the 8051 has had time to fill the endpoint buffer,
the EZ USB core issues a NAK handshake, indicating busy (5). The host continues to send
Page 6-4
Chapter 6. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
IN tokens (4) and (7) until the data is ready. Eventually, the 8051 fills the endpoint buffer
with data, and then loads the endpoint’s byte count register (INnBC) with the number of
bytes in the packet (6). Loading the byte count re-arms the given endpoint. When the next
IN token arrives (7) the USB core transfers the next data packet (8).
6.3
Interrupt Transfers
Interrupt transfers are handled just like bulk transfers.
The only difference between a bulk endpoint and an interrupt endpoint exists in the endpoint descriptor, where the endpoint is identified as type interrupt, and a polling interval is
specified. The polling interval determines how often the USB host issues IN tokens to the
interrupt endpoint.
6.4
EZ-USB Bulk IN Example
Suppose 220 bytes are to be transferred to the host using endpoint 2-IN. Further assume
that MaxPacketSize of 64 bytes for endpoint 2-IN has been reported to the host during
enumeration. Because the total transfer size exceeds the maximum packet size, the 8051
divides the 220-byte transfer into four transfers of 64, 64, 64, and 28 bytes.
After loading the first 64 bytes into IN2BUF (at 0x7C00), the 8051 loads the byte count
register IN6BC with the value 64. Writing the byte count register instructs the EZ-USB
core to respond to the next host IN token by transmitting the 64 bytes in the buffer. Until
the byte count register is loaded to arm the IN transfer, any IN tokens issued by the host
are answered by EZ-USB with NAK (Not-Acknowledge) tokens, telling the USB host that
the endpoint is not yet ready with data. The host continues to issue IN tokens to endpoint
2-IN until data is ready for transfer—whereupon the EZ-USB core replaces NAKs with
valid data.
When the 8051 initiates an IN transfer by loading the endpoint’s byte count register, the
EZ-USB core sets a busy bit to instruct the 8051 to hold off loading IN2BUF until the
USB transfer is finished. When the IN transfer is complete and successfully acknowledged, the EZ-USB core resets the endpoint 2-IN busy bit and generates an endpoint 2-IN
interrupt request. If the endpoint 2-IN interrupt is enabled, program control automatically
vectors to the data transfer routine for further action (Autovectoring is enabled by setting
AVEN=1; refer to Chapter 9, "EZ-USB Interrupts").
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 6. EZ-USB CPU
Page 6-5
The 8051 now loads the next 64 bytes into IN2BUF and then loads the EPINBC register
with 64 for the next two transfers. For the last portion of the transfer, the 8051 loads the
final 28 bytes into IN2BUF, and loads IN2BC with 28. This completes the transfer.
Initialization Note
When the EZ-USB chip comes out of RESET, or when the USB host issues a bus reset,
the EZ-USB core unarms IN endpoint 1-7 by setting their busy bits to 0. Any IN transfer requests are NAKd until the 8051 loads the appropriate INxBC register(s). The endpoint valid bits are not affected by an 8051 reset or a USB reset. Chapter 10, "EZ-USB
Resets" describes the various reset conditions in detail.
The EZ-USB core takes care of USB housekeeping chores such as handshake verification.
When an endpoint 2-IN interrupt occurs, the user is assured that the data loaded by the
8051 into the endpoint buffer was received error-free by the host. The EZ-USB core automatically checks the handshake information from the host and re-transmits the data if the
host indicates an error by not ACKing.
6.5
Bulk OUT Transfers
USB bulk OUT data travels from host to device. The host requests an OUT transfer by
issuing an OUT token to EZ-USB, followed by a packet of data. The EZ-USB core then
responds with an ACK, if it correctly received the data. If the endpoint buffer is not ready
to accept data, the EZ-USB core discards the host’s OUT data and returns a NAK token,
indicating “not ready.” In response, the host continues to send OUT tokens and data to
the endpoint until the EZ-USB core responds with an ACK.
Page 6-6
Chapter 6. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
2
H
H
A E
O
D N
U
D D
T
R P
...
D
A
T
A
1
C
R
C
5
Payload
Data
(OUTnBC loaded,
OUTnBSY=1)
4
5
D
H
H
A E
O
D N
U
D D
T
R P
A
C
K
Data Packet
Token Packet
..
.
C
R
C
1
6
3
6
H
H
D
Token Packet
D
A
T
A
0
Payload
Data
C
R
C
1
6
Data Packet
N
A
K
H/S Pkt
EPnOUT Interrupt,
OUTnBSY=0
5
C
R
C
5
D
D
A
T
A
0
Token Packet
H/S Pkt
4
A E
O
D N
U
D D
T
R P
C
R
C
5
6
C
R
C
1
6
Payload
Data
Data Packet
N
A
K
H/S Pkt
7
8
9
H
H
A E
O
D N
U
D D
T
R P
C
R
C
5
Token Packet
Load OUTnBC (any value),
causes OUTnBSY=1
D
D
A
T
A
0
Payload
Data
Data Packet
C
R
C
1
6
A
C
K
..
.
Note: H=Host, D=Device (EZ-USB)
1
H/S Pkt
EPnOUT Interrupt,
OUTnBSY=0
Figure 6-4. Anatomy of a Bulk OUT Transfer
Each EZ-USB bulk OUT endpoint has a byte count register, which serves two purposes.
The 8051 reads the byte count register to determine how many bytes were received during
the last OUT transfer from the host. The 8051 writes the byte count register (with any
value) to tell the EZ-USB core that is has finished reading bytes from the buffer, making
the buffer available to accept the next OUT transfer. The OUT endpoints come up (after
reset) armed, so the byte count register writes are required only for OUT transfers after the
first one.
In the bulk OUT transfer illustrated in Figure 6-4, the 8051 has previously loaded the endpoint’s byte count register with any value to arm receipt of the next OUT transfer. Loading
the byte count register causes the EZ-USB core to set the OUT endpoint’s busy bit to 1,
indicating that the 8051 should not use the endpoint’s buffer.
The host issues an OUT token (1), followed by a packet of data (2), which the USB core
acknowledges, clears the endpoint’s busy bit and generates an interrupt request (3). This
notifies the 8051 that the endpoint buffer contains valid USB data. The 8051 reads the
endpoint’s byte count register to find out how many bytes were sent in the packet, and
transfers that many bytes out of the endpoint buffer.
In a multi-packet transfer, the host then issues another OUT token (4) along with the next
data packet (5). If the 8051 has not finished emptying the endpoint buffer, the EZ-USB FX
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 6. EZ-USB CPU
Page 6-7
host issues a NAK, indicating busy (6). The data at (5) is shaded to indicate that the USB
core discards it, and does not over-write the data in the endpoint’s OUT buffer.
The host continues to send OUT tokens (4, 5, and 6) that are greeted by NAKs until the
buffer is ready. Eventually, the 8051 empties the endpoint buffer data, and then loads the
endpoint’s byte count register (7) with any value to re-arm the USB core. Once armed and
when the next OUT token arrives (8) the USB core accepts the next data packet (9).
Initializing OUT Endpoints
When the EZ-USB chip comes out of reset, or when the USB host issues a bus reset, the
EZ-USB core arms OUT endpoints 1-7 by setting their busy bits to 1. Therefore, they
are initially ready to accept one OUT transfer from the host. Subsequent OUT transfers
are NAKd until the appropriate OUTnBC register is loaded to re-arm the endpoint.
The EZ-USB core takes care of USB housekeeping chores such as CRC checks and data
toggle PIDs. When an endpoint 6-OUT interrupt occurs and the busy bit is cleared, the
user is assured that the data in the endpoint buffer was received error-free from the host.
The EZ-USB core automatically checks for errors and requests the host to re-transmit data
if it detects any errors using the built-in USB error checking mechanisms (CRC checks
and data toggles).
6.6
Endpoint Pairing
Table 6-2. Endpoint Pairing Bits (in the USB PAIR Register)
5
4
3
2
1
0
Name
PR6OUT
PR4OUT
PR2OUT
PR6IN
PR4IN
PR2IN
Paired
6 OUT
4 OUT
2 OUT
6 IN
4 IN
2 IN
Endpoints
7 OUT
5 OUT
3 OUT
7 IN
5 IN
3 IN
Bit
The 8051 sets endpoint pairing bits to 1 to enable double-buffering of the bulk endpoint
buffers. With double buffering enabled, the 8051 can operate on one data packet while
another is being transferred over USB. The endpoint busy and interrupt request bits function identically, so the 8051 code requires little code modification to support double-buffering.
When an endpoint is paired, the 8051 uses only the even-numbered endpoint of the pair.
The 8051 should not use the paired odd endpoint. For example, suppose it is desired to
Page 6-8
Chapter 6. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
use endpoint 2-IN as a double-buffered endpoint. This pairs the IN2BUF and IN3BUF
buffers, although the 8051 accesses the IN2BUF buffer only. The 8051 sets PR2IN=1 (in
the USBPAIR register) to enable pairing, sets IN2VAL=1 (in the IN07VAL register) to
make the endpoint valid, and then uses the IN2BUF buffer for all data transfers. The 8051
should not write the IN3VAL bit, enable IN3 interrupts, access the EP3IN buffer, or load
the IN3BC byte count register.
Note
Bits 2 and 5 must be set to “0” in the AN2122 and AN2126 devices.
6.7
Paired IN Endpoint Status
INnBSY=1 indicates that both endpoint buffers are in use, and the 8051 should not load
new IN data into the endpoint buffer. When INnBSY=0, either one or both of the buffers
is available for loading by the 8051. The 8051 can keep an internal count that increments
on EPnIN interrupts and decrements on byte count loads to determine whether one or two
buffers are free. Or, the 8051 can simply check for INnBSY=0 after loading a buffer (and
loading its byte count register to re-arm the endpoint) to determine if the other buffer is
free.
Important Note
If an IN endpoint is paired and it is desired to clear the busy bit for that endpoint, do the
following: (a) write any value to the even endpoint’s byte count register twice, and (b)
clear the busy bit for both endpoints in the pair. This is the only code difference between
paired and unpaired use of an IN endpoint.
A bulk IN endpoint interrupt request is generated whenever a packet is successfully transmitted over USB. The interrupt request is independent of the busy bit. If both buffers are
filled and one is sent, the busy bit transitions from 1-0; if one buffer is filled and then sent,
the busy bit starts and remains at 0. In either case an interrupt request is generated to tell
the 8051 that a buffer is free.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 6. EZ-USB CPU
Page 6-9
6.8
Paired OUT Endpoint Status
OUTnBSY=1 indicates that both endpoint buffers are empty, and no data is available to
the 8051. When OUTnBSY=0, either one or both of the buffers holds USB OUT data.
The 8051 can keep an internal count that increments on EPnOUT interrupts and decrements on byte count loads to determine whether one or two buffers contain data. Or, the
8051 can simply check for OUTnBSY=0 after unloading a buffer (and loading its byte
count register to re-arm the endpoint) to determine if the other buffer contains data.
6.9
Using Bulk Buffer Memory
Table 6-3. EZ-USB Endpoint 0-7 Buffer Addresses
Endpoint Buffer
Address
Mirrored
IN0BUF
7F00-7F3F
1F00-1F3F
OUT0BUF
7EC0-7EFF
1EC0-1EFF
IN1BUF
7E80-7EBF
1E80-1EBF
OUT1BUF
7E40-7E7F
1E40-1E7F
IN2BUF
7E00-7E3F
1E00-1E3F
OUT2BUF
7DC0-7DFF
1DC0-1DFF
IN3BUF
7D80-7DBF
1D80-1DBF
OUT3BUF
7D40-7D7F
1D40-1D7F
IN4BUF
7D00-7D3F
1D00-1D3F
OUT4BUF
7CC0-7CFF
1CC0-1CFF
IN5BUF
7C80-7CBF
1C80-1CBF
OUT5BUF
7C40-7C7F
1C40-1C7F
IN6BUF
7C00-7C3F
1C00-1C3F
OUT6BUF
7BC0-7BFF
1BC0-1BFF
IN7BUF
7B80-7BBF
1B80-1BBF
OUT7BUF
7B40-7B7F
1B40-1B7F
Table 6-3 shows the RAM locations for the sixteen 64-byte buffers for endpoints 0-7 IN
and OUT. These buffers are positioned at the bottom of the EZ-USB register space so that
any buffers not used for endpoints can be reclaimed as general purpose data RAM. The
top of memory for the 8-KB EZ-USB part is at 0x1B3F. However, if the endpoints are
allocated in ascending order starting with the lowest numbered endpoints, the higher numbered unused endpoints can effectively move the top of memory to utilize the unused endpoint buffer RAM as data memory. For example, an application that uses endpoint 1-IN,
Page 6-10
Chapter 6. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
2-IN/OUT (paired), 4-IN and 4-OUT can use 0x1B40-0x1CBF as data memory. Chapter
3 gives full details of the EZ-USB memory map.
Note
AN2122 endpoint memory starts at 0x1C00 and AN2126 endpoint memory starts at
address 0x7C00.
Note
Uploads or Downloads to unused bulk memory can be done only at the Mirrored (low)
addresses shown in Table 6-3.
6.10
Data Toggle Control
The EZ-USB core automatically maintains the data toggle bits during bulk, control and
interrupt transfers. As explained in Chapter 1, "Introducing EZ-USB," the toggle bits are
used to detect certain transmission errors so that erroneous data can be re-sent.
In certain circumstances, the host resets its data toggle to “DATA0”:
•
After sending a Clear_Feature: Endpoint Stall request to an endpoint.
•
After setting a new interface.
•
After selecting a new alternate setting.
In these cases, the 8051 can directly clear the data toggle for each of the bulk/interrupt/
control endpoints, using the TOGCTL register (Figure 6-5).
TOGCTL
Data Toggle Control
7FD7
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
Q
S
R
IO
0
EP2
EP1
EP0
R
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Figure 6-5. Bulk Endpoint Toggle Control
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 6. EZ-USB CPU
Page 6-11
The IO bit selects the endpoint direction (1=IN, 0=OUT), and the EP2-EP1-EP0 bits select
the endpoint number. The Q bit, which is read-only, indicates the state of the data toggle
for the selected endpoint. Writing R=1 sets the data toggle to DATA0, and writing S=1
sets the data toggle to DATA1.
Note
At the present writing, there appears to be no reason to set a data toggle to DATA1. The
S bit is provided for generality.
To clear an endpoint’s data toggle, the 8051 performs the following sequence:
•
Select the endpoint by writing the value 000D0EEE to the TOGCTL register,
where D is the direction and EEE is the endpoint number.
•
Clear the toggle bit by writing the value 001D0EEE to the TOGCTL register.
After step 1, the 8051 may read the state of the data toggle by reading the TOGCTL register checking bit 7.
Page 6-12
Chapter 6. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
6.11
Polled Bulk Transfer Example
The following code illustrates the EZ-USB registers used for a simple bulk transfer. In
this example, 8051 register R1 keeps track of the number of endpoint 2-IN transfers and
register R2 keeps track of the number of endpoint 2-OUT transfers (mod-256). Every
endpoint 2-IN transfer consists of 64 bytes of a decrementing count, with the first byte
replaced by the number of IN transfers and the second byte replaced by the number of
OUT transfers.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
start:
fill:
mov
mov
mov
mov
movx
inc
djnz
SP,#STACK-1
dptr,#IN2BUF
r7,#64
a,r7
@dptr,a
dptr
r7,rill
; set stack
; fill EP2IN buffer with
; decrementing counter
mov
mov
mov
mov
movx
r1,#0
r2,#0
dptr,#IN2BC
a,#40h
@dptr,a
;
;
;
;
;
mov
a,@dptr
jnb
mov
movx
jb
dptr,#IN2CS
; poll the EP2-IN Status
acc.1,serviceIN2
dptr,#OUT2CS
a,@dptr
acc.1,loop
; not busy--keep looping
inc
mov
movx
sjmp
r2
dptr,#OUT2BC
@dptr,a
loop
; OUT packet counter
; load byte count register to re-arm
; (any value)
inc
mov
mov
movx
inc
mov
movx
mov
mov
movx
sjmp
r1
dptr,3IN2BUF
a,r1
@dptr,a
dptr
a,r2
@dptr,a
dptr,#IN2BC
a,#40h
@dptr,a
loop
; IN packet counter
; update the first data byte
; in EP2IN buffer
;
;
loop:
movx
r1 is IN token counter
r2 is OUT token counter
Point to EP2 Byte Count register
64-byte transfer
arm the IN2 transfer
; EP2OUT is busy--keep looping
;
serviceOUT2:
;
serviceIN2:
; second byte in buffer
; get number of OUT packets
; point to EP2IN Byte Count Register
; load bc=64 to re-arm IN2
;
END
Figure 6-6. Example Code for a Simple (Polled) BULK Transfer
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 6. EZ-USB CPU
Page 6-13
The code at lines 2-7 fills the endpoint 2-IN buffer with 64 bytes of a decrementing count.
Two 8-bit counts are initialized to zero at lines 9 and 10. An endpoint 2-IN transfer is
armed at lines 11-13, which load the endpoint 2-IN byte count register IN2BC with 64.
Then the program enters a polling loop at lines 15-20, where it checks two flags for endpoint 2 servicing. Lines 15-17 check the endpoint 2-IN busy bit in IN2CS bit 1. Lines 1820 check the endpoint 2-OUT busy bit in OUT2CS bit 1. When busy=1, the EZ-USB core
is currently using the endpoint buffers and the 8051 should not access them. When
busy=0, new data is ready for service by the 8051.
For both IN and OUT endpoints, the busy bit is set when the EZ-USB core is using the
buffers, and cleared by loading the endpoint’s byte count register. The byte count value is
meaningful for IN transfers because it tells the EZ-USB core how many bytes to transfer
in response to the next IN token. The 8051 can load any byte count OUT transfers,
because only the act of loading the register is significant—loading OUTnBC arms the
OUT transfer and sets the endpoint’s busy bit.
When an OUT packet arrives in OUT2BUF, the service routine at lines 22-26 increments
R2, loads the byte count (any value) into OUT2BC to re-arm the endpoint (lines 24-25),
and jumps back to the polling routine. This program does not use OUT2BUF data; it simply counts the number of endpoint 2-OUT transfers.
When endpoint 2-IN is ready for the 8051 to load another packet into IN2BUF, the polling
loop jumps to the endpoint 2-IN service routine at lines 28-39. First, R1 is incremented
(line 29). The data pointer is set to IN2BUF at line 30, and register R1 is loaded into the
first byte of the buffer (lines 31-32). The data pointer is advanced to the second byte of
IN2BUF at line 33, and register R2 is loaded into the buffer (lines 34-35). Finally, the
byte count 40H (64 decimal bytes) is loaded into the byte count register IN2BC to arm the
next IN transfer at lines 36-38, and the routine returns the polling loop.
6.12
Enumeration Note
The code in this example is complete, and runs on the EZ-USB chip. You may be wondering about the missing step, which reports the endpoint characteristics to the host during the
enumeration process. The reason this code runs without any enumeration code is that the
EZ-USB chip comes on as a fully-functional USB device with certain endpoints already
configured and reported to the host. Endpoint 2 is included in this default configuration.
The full default configuration is described in Chapter 5, "EZ-USB Enumeration and
ReNumeration"
Page 6-14
Chapter 6. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
6.13
Bulk Endpoint Interrupts
All USB interrupts activate the 8051 INT 2 interrupt. If enabled, INT2 interrupts cause the
8051 to push the current program counter onto the stack, and then execute a jump to location 0x43, where the programmer has inserted a jump instruction to the interrupt service
routine (ISR). If the AVEN (Autovector Enable) bit is set, the EZ-USB core inserts a special byte at location 0x45, which directs the jump instruction to a table of jump instructions which transfer control the endpoint-specific ISR.
Table 6-4. 8051 INT2 Interrupt Vector
Location
Op-Code
Instruction
0x43
02
LJMP
0x44
AddrH
0x45
AddrL*
* Replaced by EZ-USB Core if AVEN=1.
The byte inserted by the EZ-USB core at address 0x45 depends on which bulk endpoint
requires service. Table 6-5 shows all INT2 vectors, with the bulk endpoint vectors unshaded. The shaded interrupts apply to all the bulk endpoints.
Table 6-5. Byte Inserted by EZ-USB Core at Location 0x45 if AVEN=1
Interrupt
SUDAV
SOF
SUTOK
SUSPEND
USBRES
Reserved
EP0-IN
EP0-OUT
EP1-IN
EP1OUT
EP2IN
EP2OUT
EP3-IN
EP3-OUT
EP4-IN
EP4-OUT
EP5-IN
EP5-OUT
EP6-IN
EP6-OUT
EP7-IN
EP7-OUT
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Inserted Byte at 0x45
0x00
0x04
0x08
0x0C
0x10
0x14
0x18
0X1C
0x20
0x24
0x28
0x2C
0x30
0x34
0x38
0x3C
0x40
0x44
0x48
0x4C
0x50
0x54
Chapter 6. EZ-USB CPU
Page 6-15
The vector values are four bytes apart. This allows the programmer to build a jump table
to each of the interrupt service routines. Note that the jump table must begin on a page
(256 byte) boundary because the first vector starts at 00. If Autovectoring is not used
(AVEN=0), the IVEC register may be directly inspected to determine the USB interrupt
source (see Section 9.11, "Autovector Coding").
Each bulk endpoint interrupt has an associated interrupt enable bit (in IN07IEN and
OUT07IEN), and an interrupt request bit (in IN07IRQ and OUT07IRQ). The interrupt
service routine. IRQ bits are cleared by writing a “1.” Because all USB registers are
accessed using [email protected] instructions, USB interrupt service routines must save and
restore both data pointers, the DPS register, and the accumulator before clearing interrupt
request bits.
Note
Any USB ISR should clear the 8051 INT2 interrupt request bit before clearing any of the
EZ-USB endpoint IRQ bits, to avoid losing interrupts. Interrupts are discussed in more
detail in Chapter 9, "EZ-USB Interrupts."
Individual interrupt request bits are cleared by writing “1” to them to simplify code. For
example, to clear the endpoint 2-IN IRQ, simply write “0000100” to IN07IRQ. This will
not disturb the other interrupt request bits. Do not read the contents of IN07IRQ, logical-OR the contents with 01, and write it back. This clears all other pending interrupts
because you are writing “1”s to them.
6.14
Interrupt Bulk Transfer Example
This simple (but fully-functional) example illustrates the bulk transfer mechanism using
interrupts. In the example program, BULK endpoint 6 is used to loop data back to the
host. Data sent by the host over endpoint 2-OUT is sent back over endpoint 2-IN.
Page 6-16
Chapter 6. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
1.
Set up the jump table.
CSEG
AT 300H
; any page boundary
ljmp
db
ljmp
db
ljmp
db
ljmp
db
ljmp
db
ljmp
db
ljmp
db
ljmp
db
ljmp
db
ljmp
db
ljmp
db
ljmp
db
ljmp
db
ljmp
db
ljmp
db
ljmp
db
ljmp
db
ljmp
db
ljmp
db
ljmp
db
ljmp
db
ljmp
db
SUDAV_ISR
0
SOF_ISR
0
SUTOK_ISR
0
SUSP_ISR
0
URES_ISR
0
SPARE_ISR
0
EP0IN_ISR
0
EP0OUT_ISR
0
EP1IN_ISR
0
EP1OUT_ISR
0
EP2IN_ISR
0
EP2OUT_ISR
0
EP3IN_ISR
0
EP3OUT_ISR
0
EP4IN_ISR
0
EP4OUT_ISR
0
EP5IN_ISR
0
EP5OUT_ISR
0
EP6IN_ISR
0
EP6OUT_ISR
0
EP7IN_ISR
0
EP7OUT_ISR
0
; SETUP Data Available
; make a 4-byte entry
; SOF
USB_Jump_Table:
; SETUP Data Loading
; Global Suspend
; USB Reset
; Used by this example
; Used by this example
Figure 6-7. Interrupt Jump Table
This table contains all of the USB interrupts, even though only the jumps for endpoint 2
are used for the example. It is convenient to include this table in any USB application that
uses interrupts. Be sure to locate this table on a page boundary (xx00).
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 6. EZ-USB CPU
Page 6-17
2.
Write the INT2 interrupt vector.
; ----------------; Interrupt Vectors
; ----------------org
ljmp
43h
USB_Jump_Table
; int2 is the USB vector
; Autovector will replace byte 45
Figure 6-8. INT2 Interrupt Vector
3.
Write the interrupt service routine.
Put it anywhere in memory and the jump table in step 1 will automatically jump to it.
; ----------------------------; USB Interrupt Service Routine
; ----------------------------EP2OUT_ISR
push
dps
push
dpl
push
dph
push
dpl1
push
dph1
push
acc
mov
clr
mov
a,EXIF
acc.4
EXIF,a
mov
mov
movx
setb
dptr,#OUT07IRQ
a,#01000000b
@dptr,a
got_EP2_data
pop
pop
pop
pop
pop
pop
reti
acc
dph1
dpl1
dph
dpl
dps
; save both dptrs, dps, and acc
; clear USB IRQ (INT2)
; a “1” clears the IRQ bit
; clear OUT2 int request
; set my flag
; restore vital registers
Figure 6-9. Interrupt Service Routine (ISR) for Endpoint 2-OUT
In this example, the ISR simply sets the 8051 flag “got_EP2_data” to indicate to the background program that the endpoint requires service. Note that both data pointers and the
DPS (Data Pointer Select) registers must be saved and restored in addition to the accumulator.
Page 6-18
Chapter 6. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
4.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
Write the endpoint 2 transfer program.
loop:
jnb
clr
got_EP2_data,loop
got_EP2_data
; clear my flag
;
; The user sent bytes to OUT2 endpoint using the USB Control Panel.
; Find out how many bytes were sent.
;
mov
dptr,#OUT2BC
; point to OUT2 byte count register
movx
a,@dptr
; get the value
mov
r7,a
; stash the byte count
mov
r6,a
; save here also
;
; Transfer the bytes received on the OUT2 endpoint to the IN2 endpoint
; buffer. Number of bytes in r6 and r7.
;
mov
dptr,#OUT2BUF
; first data pointer points to EP2OUT buffer
inc
dps
; select the second data pointer
mov
dptr,#IN2BUF
; second data pointer points to EP2IN buffer
inc
dps
; back to first data pointer
transfer: movx
movx
get OUT byte
inc
dptr
; bump the pointer
inc
dps
; second data pointer
movx
@dptr,a
; put into IN buffer
inc
dptr
; bump the pointer
inc
dps
; first data pointer
djnz
r7,transfer
;
; Load the byte count into IN2BC. This arms in IN transfer
;
mov
dptr,#IN2BC
mov
a,r6
; get other saved copy of byte count
movx
@dptr,a
; this arms the IN transfer
;
; Load any byte count into OUT2BC. This arms the next OUT transfer.
;
mov
dptr,#OUT2BC
movx
@dptr,a
; use whatever is in acc
sjmp
loop
; start checking for another OUT2 packet
Figure 6-10. Background Program Transfers Endpoint 2-OUT Data to Endpoint 2-IN
The main program loop tests the “got_EP2_data” flag, waiting until it is set by the endpoint 2 OUT interrupt service routine in Figure 6-10. This indicates that a new data
packet has arrived in OUT2BUF. Then the service routine is entered, where the flag is
cleared in line 2. The number of bytes received in OUT2BUF is retrieved from the
OUT2BC register (Endpoint 2 Byte Count) and saved in registers R6 and R7 in lines 7-10.
The dual data pointers are initialized to the source (OUT2BUF) and destination (IN2BUF)
buffers for the data transfer in lines 15-18. These labels represent the start of the 64-byte
buffers for endpoint 2-OUT and endpoint 2-IN, respectively. Each byte is read from the
OUT2BUF buffer and written to the IN2BUF buffer in lines 19-25. The saved value of
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 6. EZ-USB CPU
Page 6-19
OUT2BC is used as a loop counter in R7 to transfer the exact number of bytes that were
received over endpoint 2-OUT.
When the transfer is complete, the program loads the endpoint 2-IN byte count register
IN2BC with the number of loaded bytes (from R6) to arm the next endpoint 2-IN transfer
in lines 29-31. Finally, the 8051 loads any value into the endpoint 2 OUT byte count register OUT2BC to arm the next OUT transfer in lines 35-36. Then the program loops back
to check for more endpoint 2-OUT data.
5.
Initialize the endpoints and enable the interrupts.
start:
mov
SP,#STACK-1
; set stack
;
; Enable USB interrupts and Autovector
;
mov
dptr,#USBBAV
; enable Autovector
movx
a,@dptr,a
setb
acc.0
; AVEN bit is bit 0
movx
@dptr,a
;
mov
dptr,#OUT07IEN
; ‘EP0-7 OUT int enables’ register
;
mov
a,#01000000b
; set bit 6 for EP2OUT interrupt enable
movx
@dptr,a
; enable EP2OUT interrupt
;
; Enable INT2 and 8051 global interrupts
;
setb
ex2
; enable int2 (USB interrupt)
setb
EA
; enable 8051 interrupts
clr
got_EP2_data
; clear my flag
Figure 6-11. Initialization Routine
The initialization routine sets the stack pointer, and enables the EZ-USB Autovector by
setting USBBAV.0 to 1. Then it enables the endpoint 2-OUT interrupt, all USB interrupts
(INT2), and the 8051 global interrupt (EA) and finally clears the flag indicating that endpoint 2-OUT requires service.
Once this structure is put into place, it is quite easy to service any or all of the bulk endpoints. To add service for endpoint 2-IN, for example, simply write an endpoint 2-IN
interrupt service routine with starting address EP2IN_ISR (to match the address in the
jump table in step 1), and add its valid and interrupt enable bits to the “init” routine.
Page 6-20
Chapter 6. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
6.15
Enumeration Note
The code in this example is complete, and runs on the EZ-USB chip. You may be wondering about the missing step, which reports the endpoint characteristics to the host during the
enumeration process. The reason this code runs without any enumeration code is that the
EZ-USB chip comes on as a fully-functional USB device with certain endpoints already
configured and reported to the host. Endpoint 2 is included in this default configuration.
The full default configuration is described in Chapter 5, "EZ-USB Enumeration and
ReNumeration"
Portions of the above code are not necessary for the default configuration (such as setting
the endpoint valid bits) but the code is included to illustrate all of the EZ-USB registers
used for bulk transfers.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 6. EZ-USB CPU
Page 6-21
6.16
The Autopointer
Bulk endpoint data is available in 64-byte buffers in EZ-USB RAM. In some cases it is
preferable to access bulk data as a FIFO register rather than as a RAM. The EZ-USB core
provides a special data pointer which automatically increments when data is transferred.
Using this Autopointer, the 8051 can access any contiguous block of internal EZ-USB
RAM as a FIFO.
AUTOPTRH
Autopointer Address High
7FE3
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
A15
A14
A13
A12
A11
A10
A9
A8
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
AUTOPTRL
Autopointer Address Low
7FE4
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
AUTODATA
Autopointer Data
7FE5
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Figure 6-12. Autopointer Registers
The 8051 first loads AUTOPTRH and AUTOPTRL with a RAM address (for example the
address of a bulk endpoint buffer). Then, as the 8051 reads or writes data to the data register AUTODATA, the address is supplied by AUTOPTRH/L, which automatically increments after every read or write to the AUTODATA register. The AUTOPTRH/L registers
may be written or read at anytime. These registers maintain the current pointer address, so
the 8051 can read them to determine where the next byte will be read or written.
Page 6-22
Chapter 6. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
The 8051 code example in Figure 6-13 uses the Autopointer to transfer a block of eight
data bytes from the endpoint 4 OUT buffer to internal 8051 memory.
Init:
;
loop:
mov
mov
movx
mov
mov
movx
mov
mov
mov
dptr,#AUTOPTRH
a,#HIGH(OUT4BUF)
@dptr,a
dptr,#AUTOPTRL
a,#LOW(OUT4BUF)
@dptr,a
dptr,#AUTODATA
r0,#80H
r2,#8
movx
mov
inc
a,@dptr
@r0,a
r0
djnz
r2,loop
; High portion of OUT4BUF buffer
; Load OUTOPTRH
;
;
;
;
;
Low portion of OUT4BUF buffer address
Load AUTOPTRL
point to the ‘fifo’ register
store data in upper 128 bytes of 8051 RAM
loop counter
;
;
;
;
;
get a ‘fifo’ byte
store it
bump destination pointer
(NOTE: no ‘inc dptr’ required here)
do it eight times
Figure 6-13. Use of the Autopointer
As the comment in the penultimate line indicates, the Autopointer saves an “inc dptr”
instruction that would be necessary if one of the 8051 data pointers were used to access
the OUT4BUF RAM data. This improves the transfer time.
Note
Fastest bulk transfer speed in and out of EZ-USB bulk buffers is achieved when the
Autopointer is used in conjunction with the EZ-USB Fast Transfer mode.
As described in Chapter 8, "EZ-USB Isochronous Transfers," the EZ-USB core provides a
method for transferring data directly between an internal FIFO and external memory in
two 8051 cycles (333 ns). The fast transfer mode is active for bulk data when:
•
The 8051 sets FBLK=1 in the FASTXFR register, enabling fast bulk transfers,
•
The 8051 DPTR points to the AUTODATA register, and
•
The 8051 executes a “movx a,@dptr” or a “movx @dptr,a” instruction.
The 8051 code example in Figure 6-14 shows a transfer loop for moving 64 bytes of external FIFO data into the endpoint 4-IN buffer. The FASTXFR register bits are explained in
Chapter 8, "EZ-USB Isochronous Transfers."
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 6. EZ-USB CPU
Page 6-23
Note
The Autopointer works only with internal program/data RAM. It does not work with
memory outside the chip, or with internal RAM that is made available when ISODISAB=1. See Section 8.9.1, "Disable ISO" for a description of the ISODISAB bit.
Init:
;
loop:
mov
mov
movx
mov
mov
movx
mov
mov
movx
mov
mov
dptr,#FASTXFR
a,#01000000b
@dptr,a
dptr,#AUTOPTRH
a,HIGH(IN4BUF)
@dptr,a
dptr,#AUTOPTRL
a,LOW(IN4BUF)
@dptr,a
dptr,#AUTODATA
r7,#8
; set up the fast BULK transfer mode
; FBLK=1, RPOL=0, RM1-0 = 00
; load the FASTXFR register
;
;
;
;
Low portion of IN4BUF buffer address
Load AUTOPTRH
point to the ‘fifo’ register
r7 is loop counter, 8 bytes per loop
movx
movx
movx
movx
movx
movx
movx
movx
djnz
@dptr,a
@dptr,a
@dptr,a
@dptr,a
@dptr,a
@dptr,a
@dptr,a
@dptr,a
r7,loop
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(3)
; High portion of IN4BUF
; Load AUTOPTRH
write IN ‘fifo’ using byte from external bus
again
again
again
again
again
again
again
do eight more, ‘r7’ times
Figure 6-14. 8051 Code to Transfer External Data to a Bulk IN Buffer
This transfer loop takes 19 cycles per loop times 8 passes, or 22 ms (152 cycles). A USB
bulk transfer of 64 bytes takes more that 42 ms (64*8*83 ns) of bus time to transfer the
data bytes to or from the host. This calculation neglects USB overhead time.
From this simple example, it is clear that by using the Autopointer and the EZ-USB Fast
Transfer mode, the 8051 can transfer data in and out of EZ-USB endpoint buffers significantly faster than the USB can transfer it to and from the host. This means that the EZUSB chip should never be a speed bottleneck in a USB system. It also gives the 8051
ample time for other processing duties between endpoint buffer loads.
The Autopointer can be used to quickly move data anywhere in RAM, not just the bulk
endpoint buffers. For example, it can be used to good effect in an application that calls for
transferring a block of data into RAM, processing the data, and then transferring the data
to a bulk endpoint buffer.
Page 6-24
Chapter 6. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
7 EZ-USB Endpoint Zero
7.1
Introduction
Endpoint Zero has special significance in a USB system. It is a CONTROL endpoint, and
is required by every USB device. Only CONTROL endpoints accept special SETUP
tokens that the host uses to signal transfers that deal with device control. The USB host
sends a repertoire of standard device requests over endpoint zero. These standard requests
are fully defined in Chapter 9 of the USB Specification. This chapter describes how the
EZ-USB chip handles endpoint zero requests.
Because the EZ-USB chip can enumerate without firmware (see Chapter 5, "EZ-USB
Enumeration and ReNumeration"), the EZ-USB core contains logic to perform enumeration on its own. This hardware assist of endpoint zero operations is make available to the
8051, simplifying the code required to service device requests. This chapter deals with
8051 control of endpoint zero (ReNum=1, Chapter 5), and describes EZ-USB resources
such as the Setup Data Pointer that simplify 8051 code that handles endpoint zero
requests.
Endpoint zero is the only CONTROL endpoint in the EZ-USB chip. Although CONTROL endpoints are bi-directional, the EZ-USB chip provides two 64-byte buffers,
IN0BUF and OUT0BUF, which the 8051 handles exactly like bulk endpoint buffers for
the data stages of a CONTROL transfer. A second 8-byte buffer, SETUPDAT, which is
unique to endpoint zero, holds data that arrives in the SETUP stage of a CONTROL transfer. This relieves the 8051 programmer of having to keep track of the three CONTROL
transfer phases—SETUP, DATA, and STATUS. The EZ-USB core also generates separate
interrupt requests for the various transfer phases, further simplifying code.
The IN0BUF and OUT0BUF buffers have two special properties that result from being
used by CONTROL endpoint zero:
•
Endpoints 0-IN and 0-OUT are always valid, so the valid bits (LSB of IN07VAL
and OUT07VAL registers) are permanently set to 1. Writing any value to these
two bits has no effect, and reading these bits always returns a 1.
•
Endpoint 0 cannot be paired with endpoint 1, so there is no pairing bit in the USBPAIR register for endpoint 0 or 1.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 7. EZ-USB CPU
Page 7-1
7.2
Control Endpoint EP0
SETUP Stage
S
A E C
E
D N R
T
D D C
U
R P 5
P
Token Packet
D
A
T
A
0
C
R
C
1
6
8 bytes
Setup
Data
Data Packet
A
C
K
H/S Pkt
SUTOK Interrupt
Core sets HSNAK=1
SUDAV Interrupt
DATA Stage
A E
I D N
N D D
R P
C
R
C
5
D
A
T
A
1
C
R
C
1
6
Payload
Data
Data Packet
Token Packet
A E
I D N
N D D
R P
A
C
K
C
R
C
5
D
A
T
A
0
Data Packet
Token Packet
H/S Pkt
Payload
Data
EP0-IN Interrupt
C
R
C
1
6
A
C
K
H/S Pkt
EP0-IN Interrupt
STATUS Stage
A E
O
D N
U
D D
T
R P
C
R
C
5
Token Packet
D
A
T
A
1
Data
C
R
C
1
6
Pkt
S
N
Y
A
N
K
C
H/S Pkt
....
A E
O
D N
U
D D
T
R P
C
R
C
5
Token Packet
D
A
T
A
1
Data
C
R
A
C
C
1
K
6
Pkt H/S Pkt
8051 clears HSNAK bit (writes 1 to it)
or sets the STALL bit.
Figure 7-1. A USB Control Transfer (This One Has a Data Stage)
Endpoint zero accepts a special SETUP packet, which contains an 8-byte data structure
that provides host information about the CONTROL transaction. CONTROL transfers
include a final STATUS phase, constructed from standard PIDs (IN/OUT, DATA1, and
ACK/NAK).
Some CONTROL transactions include all required data in their 8-byte SETUP Data
packet. Other CONTROL transactions require more OUT data than will fit into the eight
bytes, or require IN data from the device. These transactions use standard bulk-like transfers to move the data. Note in Figure 7-1 that the “DATA Stage” looks exactly like a bulk
transfer. As with BULK endpoints, the endpoint zero byte count registers must be loaded
to ACK the data transfer stage of a CONTROL transfer.
Page 7-2
Chapter 7. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
The STATUS stage consists of an empty data packet with the opposite direction of the data
stage, or an IN if there was no data stage. This empty data packet gives the device a
chance to ACK or NAK the entire CONTROL transfer. The 8051 writes a “1” to a bit call
HSNAK (Handshake NAK) to clear it and instruct the EZ-USB core to ACK the STATUS
stage.
The HSNAK bit is used to hold off completing the CONTROL transfer until the device
has had time to respond to a request. For example, if the host issues a Set_Interface
request, the 8051 performs various housekeeping chores such as adjusting internal modes
and re-initializing endpoints. During this time the host issues handshake (STATUS stage)
packets to which the EZ-USB core responds with NAKs, indicating “busy.” When the
8051 completes the desired operation, it sets HSNAK=1 (by writing a “1” to the bit) to terminate the CONTROL transfer. This handshake prevents the host from attempting to use
a partially configured interface.
To perform an endpoint stall for the DATA or STATUS stage of an endpoint zero transfer
(the SETUP stage can never stall), the 8051 must set both the STALL and HSNAK bits for
endpoint zero.
Some CONTROL transfers do not have a DATA stage. Therefore the 8051 code that processes the SETUP data should check the length field in the SETUP data (in the 8-byte
buffer at SETUPDAT) and arm endpoint zero for the DATA phase (by loading IN0BC or
OUT0BC) only if the length is non-zero.
Two 8051 interrupts provide notification that a SETUP packet has arrived, as shown in
Figure 7-2.
SETUP Stage
S
A
E
D
T
D
U
R
P
Token
E
N
D
P
C
R
C
5
Packet
SUTOK
Interrupt
D
A
T
A
0
C
R
C
1
6
8 bytes
Setup
Data
Data Packet
A
C
K
SETUPDAT
8 RAM
bytes
H/S Pkt
SUDAV
Interrupt
Figure 7-2. The Two Interrupts Associated with EP0 CONTROL Transfers
The EZ-USB core sets the SUTOKIR bit (SETUP Token Interrupt Request) when the EZUSB core detects the SETUP token at the beginning of a CONTROL transfer. This interrupt is normally used only for debug.
The EZ-USB core sets the SUDAVIR bit (Setup Data Available Interrupt Request) when
the eight bytes of SETUP data have been received error-free and transferred to eight EZ-
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 7. EZ-USB CPU
Page 7-3
USB registers starting at SETUPDAT. The EZ-USB core takes care of any re-tries if it
finds any errors in the SETUP data. These two interrupt request bits are set by the EZUSB core, and must be cleared by firmware.
An 8051 program responds to the SUDAV interrupt request by either directly inspecting
the eight bytes at SETUPDAT or by transferring them to a local buffer for further processing. Servicing the SETUP data should be a high 8051 priority, since the USB Specification stipulates that CONTROL transfers must always be accepted and never NAKd. It is
therefore possible that a CONTROL transfer could arrive while the 8051 is still servicing
a previous one. In this case the previous CONTROL transfer service should be aborted
and the new one serviced. The SUTOK interrupt gives advance warning that a new CONTROL transfer is about to over-write the eight SETUPDAT bytes.
If the 8051 stalls endpoint zero (by setting the EP0STALL and HSNAK bits to 1), the EZUSB core automatically clears this stall bit when the next SETUP token arrives.
Like all EZ-USB interrupt requests, the SUTOKIR and SUDAVIR bits can be directly
tested and reset by the CPU (they are reset by writing a “1”). Thus, if the corresponding
interrupt enable bits are zero, the interrupt request conditions can still be directly polled.
Figure 7-3 shows the EZ-USB registers that deal with CONTROL transactions over EP0.
Registers Associated with Endpoint Zero
For handling SETUP transactions
Initialization
Data transfer
SETUPDAT
USBIEN
T
8 Bytes of
SETUP Data
D
Global Enable:
T=Setup Token SUTOKIE
D=Setup Data SUDAVIE
Interrupt Control
USBIRQ
T
SUDPTRH
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
SUDPTRL
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
D
Interrupt Request:
T=Setup Token SUTOKIR
D=Setup Data SUDAVIR
Figure 7-3. Registers Associated with EP0 Control Transfers
These registers augment those associated with normal bulk transfers over endpoint zero,
which are described in Chapter 6, "EZ-USB Bulk Transfers."
Page 7-4
Chapter 7. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Two bits in the USBIEN (USB Interrupt Enable) register enable the SETUP Token
(SUTOKIE) and SETUP Data interrupts. The actual interrupt request bits are in the
USBIRQ (USB Interrupt Requests) register. They are called STOKIR (SETUP Token
Interrupt Request) and SUDAVIR (SETUP Data Interrupt Request).
The EZ-USB core transfers the eight SETUP bytes into eight bytes of RAM at SETUPDAT. A 16-bit pointer, SUDPTRH/L gives hardware assistance for handling CONTROL
IN transfers, in particular, the USB Get_Descriptor requests described later in this chapter.
7.3
USB Requests
The Universal Serial Bus Specification Version 1.1, Chapter 9, "USB Device Framework"
defines a set of Standard Device Requests. When the 8051 is in control (ReNum=1), the
EZ-USB core handles one of these requests (Set Address) directly, and relies on the 8051
to support the others. The 8051 acts on device requests by decoding the eight bytes contained in the SETUP packet. Table 7-1 shows the meaning of these eight bytes.
Table 7-1. The Eight Bytes in a USB SETUP Packet
Byte
Field
Meaning
0
bmRequestType
Request Type, Direction, and Recipient
1
bRequest
The actual request (see Table 7-2)
2
wValueL
Word-size value, varies according to bRequest
3
wValueH
4
wIndexL
5
wIndexH
6
wLengthL
7
wLengthH
Word-size field, varies according to bRequest
Number of bytes to transfer if there is a data phase
The Byte column in the previous table shows the byte offset from SETUPDAT. The Field
column shows the different bytes in the request, where the “bm” prefix means bit-map,
“b” means byte, and “w” means word (16 bits). Table 7-2 shows the different values
defined for bRequest, and how the 8051 responds to each request. The remainder of this
chapter describes each of the Table 7-2 requests in detail.
Note
Table 7-2 applies when ReNum=1, which signifies that the 8051, and not the EZ-USB
core, handles device requests. Table 5-2 shows how the core handles each of these
device requests when ReNum=0, for example when the chip is first powered and the
8051 is not running.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 7. EZ-USB CPU
Page 7-5
Table 7-2. How the 8051 Handles USB Device Requests (ReNum=1)
bRequest
Name
0x00
Get Status
0x01
Clear Feature
0x02
(reserved)
0x03
Set Feature
0x04
(reserved)
0x05
Set Address
0x06
Get Descriptor
0x07
Set Descriptor
0x08
Get Configuration
0x09
Set Configuration
0x0A
Get Interface
0x0B
Set Interface
0x0C
Sync Frame
Vendor Requests
0xA0 (Firmware Load)
0xA1 - 0xAF
All except 0xA0
Action
SUDAV Interrupt
SUDAV Interrupt
none
SUDAV Interrupt
none
Update FNADDR register
SUDAV Interrupt
SUDAV Interrupt
SUDAV Interrupt
SUDAV Interrupt
SUDAV Interrupt
SUDAV Interrupt
SUDAV Interrupt
8051 Response
Supply RemWU, SelfPwr or Stall bits
Clear RemWU, SelfPwr or Stall bits
Stall EP0
Set RemWU, SelfPwr or Stall bits
Stall EP0
none
Supply table data over EP0-IN
Application dependent
Send current configuration number
Change current configuration
Supply alternate setting No. from RAM
Change alternate setting No.
Supply a frame number over EP0-IN
Up/Download RAM
SUDAV Interrupt
SUDAV Interrupt
--Reserved by Cypress Semiconductor
Depends on application
In the ReNumerated condition (ReNum=1), the EZ-USB core passes all USB requests
except Set Address onto the 8051 via the SUDAV interrupt. This, in conjunction with the
USB disconnect/connect feature, allows a completely new and different USB device
(yours) to be characterized by the downloaded firmware.
The EZ-USB core implements one vendor-specific request, namely “Firmware Load,”
0xA0. (The bRequest value of 0xA0 is valid only if byte 0 of the request, bmRequestType, is also “x10xxxxx,” indicating a vendor-specific request.) The load request is valid
at all times, so even after ReNumeration the load feature maybe used. If your application
implements vendor-specific USB requests, and you do not wish to use the Firmware Load
feature, be sure to refrain from using the bRequest value 0xA0 for your custom requests.
The Firmware Load feature is fully described in Chapter 5, "EZ-USB Enumeration and
ReNumeration."
Note
To avoid future incompatibilities, vendor requests A0-AF (hex) are reserved by Cypress
Semiconductor.
Page 7-6
Chapter 7. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
7.3.1
Get Status
The USB Specification version 1.0 defines three USB status requests. A fourth request, to
an interface, is indicated in the spec as “reserved.” The four status requests are:
•
Remote Wakeup (Device request)
•
Self-Powered (Device request)
•
Stall (Endpoint request)
•
Interface request (“reserved”)
The EZ-USB core activates the SUDAV interrupt request to tell the 8051 to decode the
SETUP packet and supply the appropriate status information.
SETUP Stage
S
A E C
E
D N R
T
D D C
U
R P 5
P
Token Packet
D
A
T
A
0
C
R
C
1
6
8 bytes
Setup
Data
Data Packet
A
C
K
SETUPDAT
8 RAM
bytes
H/S Pkt
SUTOK
Interrupt
SUDAV
Interrupt
DATA Stage
A
I D
N D
R
E
N
D
P
C
R
C
5
Token Packet
D
C
A
R
2
T
C
Bytes
A
1
1
6
Data Packet
A
C
K
H/S Pkt
IN0BUF
64-byte
Buffer
STATUS Stage
A E
O
D N
U
D D
T
R P
C
R
C
5
Token Packet
D C
A R
T C
A 1
1 6
Data Pkt
A
C
K
2
IN0BC
H/S Pkt
Figure 7-4. Data Flow for a Get_Status Request
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 7. EZ-USB CPU
Page 7-7
As Figure 7-4 illustrates, the 8051 responds to the SUDAV interrupt by decoding the eight
bytes the EZ-USB core has copied into RAM at SETUPDAT. The 8051 answers a
Get_Status request (bRequest=0) by loading two bytes into the IN0BUF buffer and loading the byte count register IN0BC with the value “2.” The EZ-USB core transmits these
two bytes in response to an IN token. Finally, the 8051 clears the HSNAK bit (by writing
“1” to it) to instruct the EZ-USB core to ACK the status stage of the transfer.
The following tables show the eight SETUP bytes for Get_Status requests.
Table 7-3. Get Status-Device (Remote Wakeup and Self-Powered Bits)
Byte
Field
Value
Meaning
0
bmRequestType
0x80
IN, Device
1
bRequest
0x00
“Get Status”
2
wValueL
0x00
3
wValueH
0x00
4
wIndexL
0x00
5
wIndexH
0x00
6
wLengthL
0x02
7
wLengthH
0x00
8051 Response
Load two bytes into IN0BUF
Byte 0 : bit 0 = Self Powered bit
: bit 1 = Remote Wakeup
Byte 1 : zero
Two bytes requested
Get_Status-Device queries the state of two bits, Remote Wakeup and Self-Powered. The
Remote Wakeup bit indicates whether or not the device is currently enabled to request
remote wakeup. Remote wakeup is explained in Chapter 11, "EZ-USB Power Management." The Self-Powered bit indicates whether or not the device is self-powered (as
opposed to USB bus-powered).
The 8051 returns these two bits by loading two bytes into IN0BUF, and then loading a
byte count of two into IN0BC.
Table 7-4. Get Status-Endpoint (Stall Bits)
Byte
Page 7-8
Field
Value
Meaning
8051 Response
0
bmRequestType
0x82
IN, Endpoint
Load two bytes into IN0BUF
1
bRequest
0x00
“Get Status”
Byte 0 : bit 0 = Stall bit for EP(n)
2
wValueL
0x00
3
wValueH
0x00
4
wIndexL
EP
5
wIndexH
0x00
6
wLengthL
0x02
7
wLengthH
0x00
Byte 1 : zero
Endpoint Number
EP(n):
0x00-0x07: OUT0-OUT7
Two bytes requested 0x80-0x87: IN0-IN7
Chapter 7. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Each bulk endpoint (IN or OUT) has a STALL bit in its Control and Status register (bit 0).
If the CPU sets this bit, any requests to the endpoint return a STALL handshake rather
than ACK or NAK. The Get Status-Endpoint request returns the STALL state for the endpoint indicated in byte 4 of the request. Note that bit 7 of the endpoint number EP (byte 4)
specifies direction.
Endpoint zero is a CONTROL endpoint, which by USB definition is bi-directional.
Therefore, it has only one stall bit.
About STALL
The USB STALL handshake indicates that something unexpected has happened. For
instance, if the host requests an invalid alternate setting or attempts to send data to a nonexistent endpoint, the device responds with a STALL handshake over endpoint zero
instead of ACK or NAK.
Stalls are defined for all endpoint types except ISOCHRONOUS, which do not employ
handshakes. Every EZ-USB bulk endpoint has its own stall bit. The 8051 sets the stall
condition for an endpoint by setting the stall bit in the endpoint’s CS register. The host
tells the 8051 to set or clear the stall condition for an endpoint using the Set_Feature/Stall
and Clear_Feature/Stall requests.
An example of the 8051 setting a stall bit would be in a routine that handles endpoint
zero device requests. If an undefined or non-supported request is decoded, the 8051
should stall EP0. (EP0 has a single stall bit because it is a bi-directional endpoint.)
Once the 8051 stalls an endpoint, it should not remove the stall until the host issues a
Clear_Feature/Stall request. An exception to this rule is endpoint 0, which reports a stall
condition only for the current transaction, and then automatically clears the stall condition. This prevents endpoint 0, the default CONTROL endpoint, from locking out device
requests.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 7. EZ-USB CPU
Page 7-9
Table 7-5. Get Status-Interface
Byte
0
Field
Value
Meaning
8051 Response
bmRequestType
0x81
IN, Endpoint
Load two bytes into IN0BUF
“Get Status”
Byte 0 : zero
1
bRequest
0x00
2
wValueL
0x00
3
wValueH
0x00
4
wIndexL
0x00
5
wIndexH
0x00
6
wLengthL
0x02
7
wLengthH
0x00
Byte 1 : zero
Two bytes requested
Get_Status/Interface is easy: the 8051 returns two zero bytes through IN0BUF and clears
the HSNAK bit. The requested bytes are shown as “Reserved (Reset to zero)” in the USB
Specification
7.3.2
Set Feature
Set Feature is used to enable remote wakeup or stall an endpoint. No data stage is
required.
Table 7-6. Set Feature-Device (Set Remote Wakeup Bit)
Byte
Field
Value
Meaning
0
bmRequestType
0x00
OUT, Device
1
bRequest
0x03
“Set Feature”
2
wValueL
0x01
Feature Selector:
Remote Wakeup
3
wValueH
0x00
4
wIndexL
0x00
5
wIndexH
0x00
6
wLengthL
0x00
7
wLengthH
0x00
8051 Response
Set the Remote Wakeup bit
The only Set_Feature/Device request presently defined in the USB specification is to set
the remote wakeup bit. This is the same bit reported back to the host as a result of a Get
Status-Device request (Table 7-3). The host uses this bit to enable or disable remote
wakeup by the device.
Page 7-10
Chapter 7. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Table 7-7. Set Feature-Endpoint (Stall)
Byte
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Field
bmRequestType
bRequest
wValueL
wValueH
wIndexL
wIndexH
wLengthL
wLengthH
Value
Meaning
0x02 OUT, Endpoint
0x03 “Set Feature”
0x00 Feature Selector:
STALL
0x00
EP
0x00
0x00
0x00
8051 Response
Set the STALL bit for the
indicated endpoint:
EP(n):
0x00-0x07: OUT0-OUT7
0x80-0x87: IN0-IN7
The only Set_Feature/Endpoint request presently defined in the USB Specification is to
stall an endpoint. The 8051 should respond to this request by setting the stall bit in the
Control and Status register for the indicated endpoint EP (byte 4 of the request). The 8051
can either stall an endpoint on its own, or in response to the device request. Endpoint
stalls are cleared by the host Clear_Feature/Stall request.
The 8051 should respond to the Set_Feature/Stall request by performing the following
steps:
1. Set the stall bit in the indicated endpoint’s CS register.
2. Reset the data toggle for the indicated endpoint.
3. For an IN endpoint, clear the busy bit in the indicated endpoint’s CS register.
4. For an OUT endpoint, load any value into the endpoint’s byte count register.
5. Clear the HSNAK bit in the EP0CS register (by writing 1 to it) to terminate the
Set_Feature/Stall CONTROL transfer.
Steps 3 and 4 restore the stalled endpoint to its default condition, ready to send or accept
data after the stall condition is removed by the host (using a Clear_Feature/Stall request).
These steps are also required when the host sends a Set_Interface request.
Data Toggles
The EZ-USB core automatically maintains the endpoint toggle bits to ensure data integrity for USB transfers. The 8051 should directly manipulate these bits only for a very
limited set of circumstances:
•
Set_Feature/Stall
•
Set_Configuration
•
Set_Interface
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 7. EZ-USB CPU
Page 7-11
7.3.3
Clear Feature
Clear Feature is used to disable remote wakeup or to clear a stalled endpoint.
Table 7-8. Clear Feature-Device (Clear Remote Wakeup Bit)
Byte
0
Field
Value
Meaning
bmRequestType
0x00
OUT, Device
1
bRequest
0x01
“Clear Feature”
2
wValueL
0x01
Feature Selector:
Remote Wakeup
3
wValueH
0x00
4
wIndexL
0x00
5
wIndexH
0x00
6
wLengthL
0x00
7
wLengthH
0x00
8051 Response
Clear the remote wakeup bit
Table 7-9. Clear Feature-Endpoint (Clear Stall)
Byte
0
Field
bmRequestType
Value
Meaning
0x02
OUT, Endpoint
Clear the STALL bit for the
indicated endpoint:
1
bRequest
0x01
“Clear Feature”
2
wValueL
0x00
Feature Selector:
STALL
3
wValueH
0x00
4
wIndexL
EP
8051 Response
EP(n):
5
wIndexH
0x00
0x00-0x07: OUT0-OUT7
6
wLengthL
0x00
0x80-0x87: IN0-IN7
7
wLengthH
0x00
If the USB device supports remote wakeup (as reported in its descriptor table when the
device is enumerated), the Clear_Feature/Remote Wakeup request disables the wakeup
capability.
The Clear_Feature/Stall removes the stall condition from an endpoint. The 8051 should
respond by clearing the stall bit in the indicated endpoint’s CS register.
7.3.4
Get Descriptor
During enumeration, the host queries a USB device to learn its capabilities and requirements using Get_Descriptor requests. Using tables of descriptors, the device sends back
Page 7-12
Chapter 7. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
(over EP0-IN) such information as what device driver to load, how many endpoints it has,
its different configurations, alternate settings it may use, and informative text strings about
the device.
The EZ-USB core provides a special Setup Data Pointer to simplify 8051 service for
Get_Descriptor requests. The 8051 loads this 16-bit pointer with the beginning address of
the requested descriptor, clears the HSNAK bit (by writing “1” to it), and the EZ-USB
core does the rest.
SETUP Stage
S
A E C
E
D N R
T
D D C
U
R P 5
P
Token Packet
D
A
T
A
0
8 bytes
Setup
Data
C
R
C
1
6
Data Packet
A
C
K
SETUPDAT
8 RAM
bytes
H/S Pkt
SUDAV Interrupt
DATA Stage
A E
I D N
N D D
R P
C
R
C
5
Token Packet
D
A
T
A
1
Payload
Data
Data Packet
C
R
C
1
6
A
C
K
H/S Pkt
A E
I D N
N D D
R P
C
R
C
5
Token Packet
EP0IN
Interrupt
STATUS Stage
A E
O
D N
U
D D
T
R P
C
R
C
5
Token Packet
D C
A R
T C
A 1
1 6
Data Pkt
D
A
T
A
0
Payload
Data
C
R
C
1
6
Data Packet
A
C
K
H/S Pkt
EP0IN
Interrupt
SUDPTRH/L
A
C
K
64 bytes
27 bytes
H/S Pkt
Figure 7-5. Using the Setup Data Pointer (SUDPTR) for Get_Descriptor Requests
Figure 7-5 illustrates use of the Setup Data Pointer. This pointer is implemented as two
registers, SUDPTRH and SUDPTRL. Most Get_Descriptor requests involve transferring
more data than will fit into one packet. In the Figure 7-5 example, the descriptor data consists of 91 bytes.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 7. EZ-USB CPU
Page 7-13
The CONTROL transaction starts in the usual way, with the EZ-USB core transferring the
eight bytes in the SETUP packet into RAM at SETUPDAT and activating the SUDAV
interrupt request. The 8051 decodes the Get_Descriptor request, and responds by clearing
the HSNAK bit (by writing “1” to it), and then loading the SUDPTR registers with the
address of the requested descriptor. Loading the SUDPTRL register causes the EZ-USB
core to automatically respond to two IN transfers with 64 bytes and 27 bytes of data using
SUDPTR as a base address, and then to respond to (ACK) the STATUS stage.
The usual endpoint zero interrupts, SUDAV and EP0IN, remain active during this automated transfer. The 8051 normally disables these interrupts because the transfer requires
no 8051 intervention.
Three types of descriptors are defined: Device, Configuration, and String.
7.3.4.1
Get Descriptor-Device
Table 7-10. Get Descriptor-Device
Byte
Field
Value
Meaning
8051 Response
0
bmRequestType
0x80
IN, Device
Set SUDPTR H-L to start of
1
bRequest
0x06
“Get_Descriptor”
Device Descriptor table in RAM
2
wValueL
0x00
3
wValueH
0x01
4
wIndexL
0x00
5
wIndexH
0x00
6
wLengthL
LenL
7
wLengthH
LenH
Descriptor Type:
Device
As illustrated in Figure 7-5, the 8051 loads the 2-byte SUDPTR with the starting address
of the Device Descriptor table. When SUDPTRL is loaded, the EZ-USB core performs
the following operations:
1. Reads the requested number of bytes for the transfer from bytes 6 and 7 of the
SETUP packet (LenL and LenH in Table 7-11).
2. Reads the requested string’s descriptor to determine the actual string length.
3. Sends the smaller of (a) the requested number of bytes or (b) the actual number of
bytes in the string, over IN0BUF using the Setup Data Pointer as a data table
Page 7-14
Chapter 7. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
index. This constitutes the second phase of the three-phase CONTROL transfer.
The core Packetizes the data into multiple data transfers as necessary.
4. Automatically checks for errors and re-transmits data packets if necessary.
5. Responds to the third (handshake) phase of the CONTROL transfer to terminate
the operation.
The Setup Data Pointer can be used for any Get_Descriptor request; for example,
Get_Descriptor-String. It can also be used for vendor-specific requests (that you define),
as long as bytes 6-7 contain the number of bytes in the transfer (for step 1).
It is possible for the 8051 to do manual CONTROL transfers, directly loading the
IN0BUF buffer with the various packets and keeping track of which SETUP phase is in
effect. This would be a good USB training exercise, but not necessary due to the hardware
support built into the EZ-USB core for CONTROL transfers.
For DATA stage transfers of fewer than 64 bytes, moving the data into the IN0BUF buffer
and then loading the EP0INBC register with the byte count would be equivalent to loading
the Setup Data Pointer. However, this would waste 8051 overhead because the Setup Data
Pointer requires no byte transfers into the IN0BUF buffer.
7.3.4.2
Get Descriptor-Configuration
Table 7-11. Get Descriptor-Configuration
Byte
0
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Field
Value
bmRequestType
0x80
Meaning
8051 Response
IN, Device
Set SUDPTR H-L to start of
1
bRequest
0x06
“Get_Descriptor”
Configuration Descriptor table in
2
wValueL
CFG
Config Number
RAM
3
wValueH
0x02
Descriptor Type:
Configuration
4
wIndexL
0x00
5
wIndexH
0x00
6
wLengthL
LenL
7
wLengthH
LenH
Chapter 7. EZ-USB CPU
Page 7-15
7.3.4.3
Get Descriptor-String
Table 7-12. Get Descriptor-String
Byte
0
Field
Value
bmRequestType
0x80
Meaning
8051 Response
IN, Device
Set SUDPTR H-L to start of
1
bRequest
0x06
“Get_Descriptor”
Configuration Descriptor table in
2
wValueL
CFG
String Number
RAM
3
wValueH
0x02
Descriptor Type:
String
4
wIndexL
0x00
(Language ID L)
5
wIndexH
0x00
(Language ID H)
6
wLengthL
LenL
7
wLengthH
LenH
Configuration and string descriptors are handled similarly to device descriptors. The 8051
firmware reads byte 2 of the SETUP data to determine which configuration or string is
being requested, loads the corresponding table pointer into SUDPTRH-L, and the EZUSB core does the rest.
7.3.5
Set Descriptor
Table 7-13. Set Descriptor-Device
Byte
Page 7-16
Field
Value
Meaning
8051 Response
0
bmRequestType
0x00
OUT, Device
Read device descriptor data over
1
bRequest
0x07
“Set_Descriptor”
OUT0BUF
2
wValueL
0x00
3
wValueH
0x01
4
wIndexL
0x00
5
wIndexH
0x00
6
wLengthL
LenL
7
wLengthH
LenH
Descriptor Type:
Device
Chapter 7. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Table 7-14. Set Descriptor-Configuration
Byte
Field
Value
Meaning
8051 Response
0
bmRequestType
0x00
OUT, Device
Read configuration descriptor
1
bRequest
0x07
“Set_Descriptor”
data over OUT0BUF
2
wValueL
0x00
3
wValueH
0x02
4
wIndexL
0x00
5
wIndexH
0x00
6
wLengthL
LenL
7
wLengthH
LenH
Descriptor Type:
Configuration
Table 7-15. Set Descriptor-String
Byte
Field
Value
Meaning
8051 Response
0
bmRequestType
0x00
IN, Device
Read string descriptor data over
1
bRequest
0x07
“Get_Descriptor”
OUT0BUF
2
wValueL
0x00
Config Number
3
wValueH
0x03
Descriptor Type:
String
4
wIndexL
0x00
(Language ID L)
5
wIndexH
0x00
(Language ID H)
6
wLengthL
LenL
7
wLengthH
LenH
The 8051 handles Set_Descriptor requests by clearing the HSNAK bit (by writing “1” to
it), then reading descriptor data directly from the OUT0BUF buffer. The EZ-USB core
keeps track of the number of byes transferred from the host into OUT0BUF, and compares
this number with the length field in bytes 6 and 7. When the proper number of bytes has
been transferred, the EZ-USB core automatically responds to the status phase, which is the
third and final stage of the CONTROL transfer.
Note
The 8051 controls the flow of data in the Data Stage of a Control Transfer. After the
8051 processes each OUT packet, it loads any value into the OUT endpoint’s byte count
register to re-arm the endpoint.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 7. EZ-USB CPU
Page 7-17
Configurations, Interfaces, and Alternate Settings
Configurations, Interfaces, and Alternate
Settings
Device
A USB device has one or more configuration. Only one configuration is active
at any time.
A configuration has one or more interface, all of which are concurrently active.
Multiple interfaces allow different hostside device drivers to be associated with
different portions of a USB device.
Each interface has one or more alternate
setting. Each alternate setting has a collection of one or more endpoints.
Config 1
High Power
Interface 0
CDROM
control
Interface 1
audio
Alt Setting
0
Config 2
Low Power
Interface 3
data
storage
Interface 2
video
Alt Setting
1
Alt Setting
3
ep
One at a time
ep
Concurrent
One at a time
ep
This structure is a software model; the EZ-USB core takes no action when these settings
change. However, the 8051 must re-initialize endpoints when the host changes configurations or interfaces alternate settings.
As far as 8051 firmware is concerned, a configuration is simply a byte variable that indicates the current setting.
The host issues a Set_Coniguration request to select a configuration, and a
Get_Configuration request to determine the current configuration.
Page 7-18
Chapter 7. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
7.3.6
Set Configuration
Table 7-16. Set Configuration
Byte
Field
Value
Meaning
8051 Response
0
bmRequestType
0x00
OUT, Device
Read and stash byte 2, change
1
bRequest
0x09
“Set_Configuration”
configurations in firmware
2
wValueL
CFG
Config Number
3
wValueH
0x00
4
wIndexL
0x00
5
wIndexH
0x00
6
wLengthL
0x00
7
wLengthH
0x00
When the host issues the Set_Configuration request, the 8051 saves the configuration
number (byte 2 in Table Table 7-16), performs any internal operations necessary to support the configuration, and finally clears the HSNAK bit (by writing “1” to it) to terminate
the Set_Configuration CONTROL transfer.
Note
After setting a configuration, the host issues Set_Interface commands to set up the various interfaces contained in the configuration.
7.3.7
Get Configuration
Table 7-17. Get Configuration
Byte
0
Field
Value
Meaning
8051 Response
bmRequestType
0x80
IN, Device
Send CFG over IN0BUF after
“Get_Configuration”
re-configuring
1
bRequest
0x08
2
wValueL
0x00
3
wValueH
0x00
4
wIndexL
0x00
5
wIndexH
0x00
6
wLengthL
1
LenL
7
wLengthH
0
LenH
The 8051 returns the current configuration number. It loads the configuration number into
EP0IN, loads a byte count of one into EP0INBC, and finally clears the HSHAK bit (by
writing “1” to it) to terminate the Set_Configuration CONTROL transfer.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 7. EZ-USB CPU
Page 7-19
7.3.8
Set Interface
This confusingly named USB command actually sets and reads back alternate settings for
a specified interface.
USB devices can have multiple concurrent interfaces. For example a device may have an
audio system that supports different sample rates, and a graphic control panel that supports
different languages. Each interface has a collection of endpoints. Except for endpoint 0,
which each interface uses for device control, endpoints may not be shared between interfaces.
Interfaces may report alternate settings in their descriptors. For example, the audio interface may have setting 0, 1, and 2 for 8-KHz, 22-KHz, and 44-KHz sample rates, and the
panel interface may have settings 0 and 1 for English and Spanish. The Set/Get_Interface
requests select between the various alternate settings in an interface.
Table 7-18. Set Interface (Actually, Set Alternate Setting AS for Interface IF)
Byte
0
Field
Value
bmRequestType
0x00
1
bRequest
0x0B
2
wValueL
AS
3
wValueH
0x00
4
wIndexL
IF
5
wIndexH
0x00
6
wLengthL
0x00
7
wLengthH
0x00
Meaning
8051 Response
OUT, Device
Read and stash byte 2 (AS) for
“Set_Interface”
Interface IF, change setting for
Alt Setting Number
Interface IF in firmware
For this interface
The 8051 should respond to a Set_Interface request by performing the following steps:
•
Perform the internal operation requested (such as adjusting a sampling rate).
•
Reset the data toggles for every endpoint in the interface.
•
For an IN endpoint, clear the busy bit for every endpoint in the interface.
•
For an OUT endpoint, load any value into the byte count register for every endpoint in the interface.
•
Clear the HSNAK bit (by writing “1” to it) to terminate the Set_Feature/Stall
CONTROL transfer.
Page 7-20
Chapter 7. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
7.3.9
Get Interface
Table 7-19. Get Interface (Actually, Get Alternate Setting AS for interface IF)
Byte
0
Field
Value
Meaning
8051 Response
bmRequestType
0x81
IN, Device
Send AS for Interface IF over
“Get_Interface”
OUT0BUF (1 byte)
1
bRequest
0x0A
2
wValueL
0x00
3
wValueH
0x00
4
wIndexL
IF
5
wIndexH
0x00
6
wLengthL
1
LenL
7
wLengthH
0
LenH
For this interface
The 8051 simply returns the alternate setting for the requested interface IF, and clears the
HSNAK bit by writing “1” to it.
7.3.10 Set Address
When a USB device is first plugged in, it responds to device address 0 until the host
assigns it a unique address using the Set_Address request. The EZ-USB core copies this
device address into the FNADDR (Function Address) register, and subsequently responds
only to requests to this address. This address is in effect until the USB device is
unplugged, the host issues a USB Reset, or the host powers down.
The FNADDR register can be read, but not written by the 8051. Whenever the EZ-USB
core ReNumerates, it automatically resets the FNADDR to zero allowing the device to
come back as new.
An 8051 program does not need to know the device address, because the EZ-USB core
automatically responds only to the host-assigned FNADDR value. The EZ-USB core
makes it readable by the 8051 for debug/diagnostic purposes.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 7. EZ-USB CPU
Page 7-21
7.3.11 Sync Frame
Table 7-20. Sync Frame
Byte
0
Field
Value
Meaning
8051 Response
bmRequestType
0x82
IN, Endpoint
Send a frame number over
“Sync_Frame”
IN0BUF to synchronize endpoint
1
bRequest
0x0C
2
wValueL
0x00
3
wValueH
0x00
4
wIndexL
EP
EP
Endpoint number
5
wIndexH
0x00
6
wLengthL
2
LenL
EP(n):
0x08-0x0F: OUT8-OUT15
7
wLengthH
0
LenH
0x88-0x8F: IN8-IN15
The Sync_Frame request is used to establish a marker in time so the host and USB device
can synchronize multi-frame transfers over isochronous endpoints.
Suppose an isochronous transmission consists of a repeating sequence of five 300 byte
packets transmitted from host to device over EP8-OUT. Both host and device maintain
sequence counters that count repeatedly from 1 to 5 to keep track of the packets inside a
transmission. To start up in sync, both host and device need to reset their counts to 1 at the
same time (in the same frame).
To get in sync, the host issues the Sync_Frame request with EP=EP-OUT (byte 4). The
8051 firmware responds by loading IN0BUF with a two-byte frame count for some future
time; for example, the current frame plus 20. This marks frame “current+20” as the sync
frame, during which both sides will initialize their sequence counters to 1. The 8051 reads
the current frame count in the USBFRAMEL and USBFRAMEH registers.
Multiple isochronous endpoints can be synchronized in this manner. The 8051 keeps separate internal sequence counts for each endpoint.
About USB Frames
The USB host issues a SOF (Start Of Frame) packet once every millisecond. Every SOF
packet contains an 11-bit (mod-2048) frame number. The 8051 services all isochronous
transfers at SOF time, using a single SOF interrupt request and vector. If the EZ-USB
core detects a missing SOF packet, it uses an internal counter to generate the SOF interrupt.
Page 7-22
Chapter 7. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
7.3.12 Firmware Load
The USB endpoint zero protocol provides a mechanism for mixing vendor-specific
requests with the previously described standard device requests. Bits 6:5 of the bmRequest field are set to 00 for a standard device request, and to 10 for a vendor request.
Table 7-21. Firmware Download
Byte
0
Field
bmRequestType
Value
Meaning
0x40
Vendor Request, OUT
“Firmware Load”
1
bRequest
0xA0
2
wValueL
AddrL Starting address
3
wValueH
AddrH
4
wIndexL
0x00
5
wIndexH
0x00
6
wLengthL
LenL
7
wLengthH
LenH
8051 Response
None required
Number of bytes
Table 7-22. Firmware Upload
Byte
Field
Value
Meaning
0
bmRequestType
0xC0
Vendor Request, IN
1
bRequest
0xA0
“Firmware Load”
2
wValueL
AddrL Starting address
3
wValueH
AddrH
4
wIndexL
0x00
5
wIndexH
0x00
6
wLengthL
LenL
7
wLengthH
LenH
8051 Response
None Required
Number of Bytes
The EZ-USB core responds to two endpoint zero vendor requests, RAM Download and
RAM Upload. These requests are active in all modes (ReNum=0 or 1).
Because bit 7 of the first byte of the SETUP packet specifies direction, only one bRequest
value (0xA0) is required for the upload and download requests. These RAM load commands are available to any USB device that uses the EZ-USB chip.
A host loader program typically writes 0x01 to the CPUCS register to put the 8051 into
RESET, loads all or part of the EZ-USB internal RAM with 8051 code, and finally reloads
the CPUCS register with 0 to take the 8051 out of RESET. The CPUCS register is the
only USB register that can be written using the Firmware Download command.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 7. EZ-USB CPU
Page 7-23
Page 7-24
Chapter 7. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
8 EZ-USB Isochronous Transfers
8.1
Introduction
Isochronous endpoints typically handle time-critical, streamed data that is delivered or
consumed in byte-sequential order. Examples might be audio data sent to a DAC over
USB, or teleconferencing video data sent from a camera to the host. Due to the bytesequential nature of this data, the EZ-USB chip makes isochronous data available as a single byte that represents the head or tail of an endpoint FIFO.
The EZ-USB chips that support isochronous transfers implement sixteen isochronous endpoints, IN8-IN15 and OUT8-OUT15. 1,024 bytes of FIFO memory may be distributed
over the 16 endpoint addresses. FIFO sizes for the isochronous endpoints are programmable.
OUTnDATA Register
(n=8-15)
8051 FIFO
SOF
USB FIFO
INnDATA Register
(n=8-15)
USB
OUT
Data
8051 FIFO
SOF
USB FIFO
USB
IN
Data
Figure 8-1. EZ-USB Isochronous Endpoints 8-15
The 8051 reads or writes isochronous data using sixteen FIFO data registers, one per endpoint. These FIFO registers are shown in Figure 8-1 as INnDATA (Endpoint n IN Data)
and OUTnDATA (Endpoint n OUT Data).
The EZ-USB core provides a total of 2,048 bytes of FIFO memory (1,024 bytes, doublebuffered) for ISO endpoints. This memory is in addition to the 8051 program/data memory, and normally exists outside of the 8051 memory space. The 1,024 FIFO bytes may be
divided among the sixteen isochronous endpoints. The 8051 writes sixteen EZ-USB registers to allocate the FIFO buffer space to the isochronous endpoints. The 8051 also sets
endpoint valid bits to enable isochronous endpoints.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 8. EZ-USB CPU
Page 8-1
8.2
Isochronous IN Transfers
IN transfers travel from device to host. Figure 8-2 shows the EZ-USB registers and bits
associated with isochronous IN transfers.
Registers Associated with an ISO IN endpoint
(EP8IN shown as example)
Initialization
INISOVAL
15
14
13
12
11
Data transfer
10
9
8
IN8DATA
7
6
Endpoint Valid (1=valid)
IN8ADDR
A9 A8
A7
A6
A5 A4
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
4
3
2
1
0
1
0
Data to USB
0
FIFO Start Address (see text)
USBPAIR
5
USBIRQ
7
6
5
4
3
2
SOFIR (1=clear request)
0
ISOSEND0 (see text)
USBIEN
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
SOFIE (1=enabled)
Figure 8-2. Isochronous IN Endpoint Registers
8.2.1
Initialization
To initialize an isochronous IN endpoint, the 8051 performs the following:
•
Sets the endpoint valid bit for the endpoint.
•
Sets the endpoint’s FIFO size by loading a starting address (Section 8.4, "Setting
Isochronous FIFO Sizes").
•
Sets the ISOSEND0 bit in the USBPAIR register for the desired response.
•
Enables the SOF interrupt. All isochronous endpoints are serviced in response to
the SOF interrupt.
Page 8-2
Chapter 8. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
The EZ-USB core uses the ISOSEND0 bit to determine what to do if:
•
The 8051 does not load any bytes to an INnDATA register during the previous
frame, and
•
An IN token for that endpoint arrives from the host.
If ISOSEND0=0 (the default value), the EZ-USB core does not respond to the IN token.
If ISOSEND0=1, the EZ-USB core sends a zero-length data packet in response to the IN
token. Which action to take depends on the overall system design. The ISOSEND0 bit
applies to all of the isochronous IN endpoints, EP8IN through EP15IN.
8.2.2
IN Data Transfers
When an SOF interrupt occurs, the 8051 is presented with empty IN FIFOs that it fills
with data to be transferred to the host during the next frame. The 8051 has 1 ms to transfer
data into these FIFOs before the next SOF interrupt arrives.
To respond to the SOF interrupt, the 8051 clears the USB interrupt (8051 INT2), and
clears the SOFIR (Start Of Frame Interrupt Request) bit writing a “1” to it. Then, the 8051
loads data into the appropriate isochronous endpoint. The EZ-USB core keeps track of the
number of bytes the 8051 loads to each INnDATA register, and subsequently transfers the
correct number of bytes in response to the USB IN token during the next frame.
The EZ-USB FIFO swap occurs every SOF, even if during the previous frame the host did
not issue an IN token to read the isochronous FIFO data, or if the host encountered an
error in the data. USB isochronous data has no re-try mechanism like bulk data.
8.3
Isochronous OUT Transfers
OUT transfers travel from host to device. Figure 8-3 shows the EZ-USB registers and bits
associated with isochronous OUT transfers.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 8. EZ-USB CPU
Page 8-3
Registers Associated with an ISO OUT endpoint
(EP15OUT shown as example)
Data transfer
Initialization
OUTISOVAL
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
OUT15DATA
7
6
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
USBIRQ
FIFO Start Address (see text)
USBIEN
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
SOFIE (1=enabled)
4
3
2
1
0
1
0
Data from USB
Endpoint Valid (1=valid)
OUT15ADDR
5
7
6
5
4
3
2
SOFIR (1=clear request)
0
OUT15BCH
7
6
5
4
3
2
9
8
Received Byte Count (H)
OUT15BCL
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Received Byte Count (L)
ISOERR
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
OUT15 CRC Error (1=error)
Figure 8-3. Isochronous OUT Registers
8.3.1
Initialization
To initialize an isochronous OUT endpoint, the 8051:
•
Sets the endpoint valid bit for the endpoint.
•
Sets the endpoint’s FIFO size by loading a starting address (Section 8.4, "Setting
Isochronous FIFO Sizes").
•
Enables the SOF interrupt. All isochronous endpoints are serviced in response to
the SOF interrupt.
8.3.2
OUT Data Transfer
When an SOF interrupt occurs, the 8051 is presented with FIFOs containing OUT data
sent from the host in the previous frame, along with 10-bit byte counts, indicating how
many bytes are in the FIFOs. The 8051 has 1 ms to transfer data out of these FIFOs before
the next SOF interrupt arrives.
Page 8-4
Chapter 8. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
To respond to the SOF interrupt, the 8051 clears the USB interrupt (8051 INT2), and
clears the SOFIR bit by writing one to it. Then, the 8051 reads data from the appropriate
OUTnDATA FIFO register(s). The 8051 can check an error bit in the ISOERR register to
determine if a CRC error occurred for the endpoint data. Isochronous data is never
present, so the firmware must decide what to do with bad-CRC data.
8.4
Setting Isochronous FIFO Sizes
Up to sixteen EZ-USB isochronous endpoints share an EZ-USB 1,024-byte RAM which
can be configured as one to sixteen FIFOs. The 8051 initializes the endpoint FIFO sizes
by specifying the starting address for each FIFO within the 1,024 bytes, starting at address
zero. The isochronous FIFOs can exist anywhere in the 1,024 bytes, but the user must
take care to ensure that there is sufficient space between start addresses to accommodate
the endpoint FIFO size.
Sixteen start address registers set the isochronous FIFO sizes (Table 8-1). The EZ-USB
core constructs the address writing the 1,024 byte range from the register value as shown
in Figure 8-4.
Address
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
0
0
Register
Figure 8-4. FIFO Start Address Format
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 8. EZ-USB CPU
Page 8-5
Table 8-1. Isochronous Endpoint FIFO Starting Address Registers
Register
Function
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
OUT8ADDR
Endpoint 8 OUT Start Address
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
OUT9ADDR
Endpoint 9 OUT Start Address
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
OUT10ADDR Endpoint 10 OUT Start Address
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
OUT11ADDR
Endpoint 11 OUT Start Address
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
OUT12ADDR Endpoint 12 OUT Start Address
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
OUT13ADDR Endpoint 13 OUT Start Address
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
OUT14ADDR Endpoint 14 OUT Start Address
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
OUT15ADDR Endpoint 15 OUT Start Address
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
IN8ADDR
Endpoint 8 IN Start Address
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
IN9ADDR
Endpoint 9 IN Start Address
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
IN10ADDR
Endpoint 10 IN Start Address
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
IN11ADDR
Endpoint 11 IN Start Address
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
IN12ADDR
Endpoint 12 IN Start Address
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
IN13ADDR
Endpoint 13 IN Start Address
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
IN14ADDR
Endpoint 14 IN Start Address
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
IN15ADDR
Endpoint 15 IN Start Address
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
The size of an isochronous endpoint FIFO is determined by subtracting consecutive
addresses in Table 8-1, and multiplying by four. Values written to these registers should
have the two LSBs set to zero. The last endpoint, EP15IN, has a size of 1,024 minus
IN15ADDR times four. Because the 10-bit effective address has the four LSBs set to zero
(Figure 8-4), the FIFO sizes are allocated in increments of 16 bytes. For example, if
OUT8ADDR=0x00 and OUT9ADDR=0x04, EP8OUT has a FIFO size of the difference
multiplied by four or 16 bytes.
An 8051 assembler or C compiler may be used to translate FIFO sizes into starting
addresses. The assembler example in Figure 8-5 shows a block of equates for the 16 isochronous FIFO sizes, followed by assembler equations to compute the corresponding
FIFO relative address values. To initialize all sixteen FIFO sizes, the 8051 merely copies
the table starting at 8OUTAD to the sixteen EZ-USB registers starting at OUT8ADDR.
Page 8-6
Chapter 8. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
0100
0100
0010
0010
0010
0010
0000
0000
0000
0000
0000
0000
0000
0000
0000
0000
;
0000
0040
0044
0048
0048
0048
0048
0048
0048
0088
008C
0090
0090
0090
0090
0090
EP8INSZ
EP8OUTSZ
EP9INSZ
EP9OUTSZ
EP10INSZ
EP10OUTSZ
EP11INSZ
EP11OUTSZ
EP12INSZ
EP12OUTSZ
EP13INSZ
EP13OUTSZ
EP14INSZ
EP14OUTSZ
EP15INSZ
EP15OUTSZ
equ
equ
equ
equ
equ
equ
equ
equ
equ
equ
equ
equ
equ
equ
equ
equ
256
256
16
16
16
16
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
; Iso FIFO sizes in bytes
8OUTAD
9OUTAD
10OUTAD
11OUTAD
12OUTAD
13OUTAD
14OUTAD
15OUTAD
8INAD
9INAD
10INAD
11INAD
12INAD
13INAD
14INAD
15INAD
equ
equ
equ
equ
equ
equ
equ
equ
equ
equ
equ
equ
equ
equ
equ
equ
0
8OUTAD
9OUTAD
10OUTAD
11OUTAD
12OUTAD
13OUTAD
14OUTAD
15OUTAD
8INAD
9INAD
10INAD
11INAD
12INAD
13INAD
14INAD
; Load these 16 bytes into ADDR regs starting OUT8ADDR
+ Low(EP8OUTSZ/4)
+ Low(EP9OUTSZ/4)
+ Low(EP10OUTSZ/4)
+ Low(EP11OUTSZ/4)
+ Low(EP12OUTSZ/4)
+ Low(EP13OUTSZ/4)
+ Low(EP14OUTSZ/4)
+ Low(EP15OUTSZ/4)
+ Low(EP8INSZ/4)
+ Low(EP9INSZ/4)
+ Low(EP10INSZ/4)
+ Low(EP11INSZ/4)
+ Low(EP12INSZ/4)
+ Low(EP13INSZ/4)
+ Low(EP14INSZ/4)
Figure 8-5. Assembler Translates FIFO Sizes to Addresses
The assembler computes starting addresses in Figure 8-5 by adding the previous endpoint’s address to the desired size shifted right twice. This aligns A9 with bit 7 as shown
in Table 8-1. The LOW operator takes the low byte of the resulting 16 bit expression
The user of this code must ensure that the sizes given in the first equate block are all multiples of 16. This is easy to tell by inspection—the least significant digit of the hex values
in the first column should be zero.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 8. EZ-USB CPU
Page 8-7
8.5
Isochronous Transfer Speed
The amount of data USB can transfer during a 1-ms frame is slightly more than 1,000
bytes per frame (1,500 bytes theoretical, without accounting for USB overhead and bus
utilization). A device’s actual isochronous transfer bandwidth is usually determined by
how fast the CPU can move data in and out of its isochronous endpoint FIFOs.
The 8051 code example in Figure 8-6 shows a typical transfer loop for moving external
FIFO data into an IN endpoint FIFO. This code assumes that the 8051 is moving data
from an external FIFO attached to the EZ-USB data bus and strobed by the RD signal, into
an internal isochronous IN FIFO.
;
loop:
mov
inc
mov
inc
mov
dptr,#8000H
dps
dptr,#IN8DATA
dps
r7,#nBytes
;
;
;
;
;
pointer to any outside address
switch to second data pointer
pointer to an IN endpoint FIFO (IN8 as example)
back to first data pointer
r7 is loop counter—transfer this many bytes
movx
inc
movx
inc
djnz
a,@dptr
dps
@dptr,a
dps
r7,loop
;
;
;
;
;
(2)
(1)
(2)
(1)
(3)
read byte from external bus to acc
switch to second data pointer
write to ISO FIFO
switch back to first data pointer
loop ‘nBytes’ times
Figure 8-6. 8051 Code to Transfer Data to an Isochronous FIFO (IN8DATA)
The numbers in parentheses indicate 8051 cycles. One cycle is four clocks, and the EZUSB 8051 is clocked at 24 MHz (42 ns). Thus, an 8051 cycle takes 4*42=168 ns, and the
loop takes 9 cycles or 1.5 µs. This loop can transfer about 660 bytes into an IN FIFO
every millisecond (1 ms/1.5 µs).
If more speed is required, the loop can be unrolled by in-line coding the first four instructions in the loop. Then, a byte is transferred in 6 cycles (24 clocks) which equates to 1 µs
per byte. Using this method, the 8051 could transfer 1,000 bytes into an IN FIFO every
millisecond. In practice, a better solution is to in-line code only a portion of the loop code,
which decreases full in-line performance only slightly and uses far fewer bytes of program
code.
Page 8-8
Chapter 8. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
8.6
Fast Transfers
EZ-USB has a special fast transfer mode for applications that use external FIFOs connected to the EZ-USB data bus. These applications typically require very high transfer
speeds in and out of EZ-USB endpoint buffers.
EZ-USB
Registers
(Addressed
as external
RAM)
DPTR
movx a,@dptr
movx @dptr,a
Accumulator
Figure 8-7. 8051 MOVX Instructions
The 8051 transfers data to and from EZ-USB registers and RAM using the MOVX (move
external) instruction (Figure 8-7). The 8051 loads one of its two 16-bit data pointers
(DPTR) with an address in RAM, and then executes a MOVX instruction to transfer data
between the accumulator and the byte addressed by DPTR. The [email protected] symbol indicates
that the address is supplied indirectly, by the DPTR.
The EZ-USB core monitors MOVX transfers between the accumulator and any of the sixteen isochronous FIFO registers. If an enable bit is set (FISO=1 in the FASTXFR register), any read or write to an isochronous FIFO register causes the EZ-USB core to connect
the data to the EZ-USB data bus D[7..0], and generate external read/write strobes. One
MOVX instruction thus transfers a byte of data in or out of an endpoint FIFO and generates timing strobes for an outside FIFO or memory. The 2-cycle MOVX instruction takes
2 cycles or 333 ns. Figures 8-8 and 8-9 show the data flow for fast writes and reads over
the EZ-USB data bus.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 8. EZ-USB CPU
Page 8-9
Fast Bulk Transfers
The EZ-USB core provides a special auto-incrementing data pointer that makes the fast
transfer mechanism available for bulk transfers. The 8051 loads a 16-bit RAM address
into the AUTOPTRH/L registers, and then accesses RAM data as a FIFO using the
AUTODATA register. Section 6.16, "The Autopointer" describes this special pointer and
register.
8.6.1
Fast Writes
ISO OUT FIFO
movx a,@dptr
DPTR
FWR#
D[7..0]
External FIFO
or ASIC
Accumulator
Figure 8-8. Fast Transfer, EZ-USB to Outside Memory
Fast writes are illustrated in Figure 8-8. When the fast mode is enabled, the DPTR points
to an isochronous OUT FIFO register, and the 8051 executes the “movx a,@dptr” instruction, the EZ-USB core broadcasts the data from the isochronous FIFO to the outside world
via the data bus D[7..0], and generates a Write Strobe FWR# (Fast Write). A choice of
eight waveforms is available for the write strobe, as shown in the next section.
Page 8-10
Chapter 8. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
8.6.2
Fast Reads
ISO IN FIFO
movx @dptr,a
DPTR
FRD#
D[7..0]
External FIFO
or ASIC
Accumulator
Figure 8-9. Fast Transfer, Outside Memory to EZ-USB
Fast reads are illustrated in Figure 8-9. When the fast mode is enabled, the DPTR points
to an isochronous OUT FIFO register, and the 8051 executes the “movx @dptr,a” instruction, the EZ-USB core breaks the data path from the accumulator to the IN FIFO register,
and instead writes the IN FIFO using outside data from D[7..0]. The EZ-USB core synchronizes this transfer by generating a FIFO Read Strobe FRD# (Fast Read). A choice of
eight waveform is available for the read strobe, as shown in the next section.
8.7
Fast Transfer Timing
The 8051 sets bits in the FASTXFR register to select the fast ISO and/or fast BULK mode
and to adjust the timing and polarity of the read and write strobes FRD# and FWR#.
FASTXFR
Fast Transfer Control
7FE2
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
FISO
FBLK
RPOL
RMOD1
RMOD0
WPOL
WMOD1
WMOD0
Figure 8-10. The FASTXFR Register Controls FRD# and FWR# Strobes
The 8051 sets FISO=1 to select the fast ISO mode and FBLK=1 to select the fast Bulk
mode. The 8051 selects read and write strobe pulse polarities with the RPOL and WPOL
bits, where 0=active low, and 1=active high. Read and write strobe timings are set by
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 8. EZ-USB CPU
Page 8-11
RMOD1-RMOD0 for read strobes and WMOD1-WMOD0 for write strobes, as shown in
Figure 8-11 (write) and Figure 8-12 (read).
Note
When using the fast transfer feature, be sure to enable the FRD# and FWR# strobe signals in the PORTACFG register.
8.7.1
Fast Write Waveforms
tC L
4 1 .6 6 n s
C LK 24
D [7 ..0 ]
O utput
s tre tc h = 0 0 0
s tre tc h = 0 0 0
F W R # [0 0 ]
s tre tc h = 0 0 0
F W R # [0 1 ]
s tre tc h = 0 0 0
F W R # [1 0 ]
s tre tc h = 0 0 0
F W R # [1 1 ]
D [7 ..0 ]
O u tp ut
s tre tc h = 0 0 1
F W R # [0 0 ]
s tre tc h = 0 0 1
F W R # [0 1 ]
s tre tc h = 0 0 1
F W R # [1 0 ]
s tre tc h = 0 0 1
F W R # [1 1 ]
s tre tc h = 0 0 1
[n n ] = W M 1 :W M 0 , W P O L = 0
N o te : If W P O L = 1 th e w a v e fo rm s a re in v e rte d
Figure 8-11. Fast Write Timing
Page 8-12
Chapter 8. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
The timing choices for fast write pulses (FWR#) are shown in Figure 8-11. The 8051 can
extend the output data and widths of these pulses by setting cycle stretch values greater
than zero in the 8051 Clock Control Register CKCON (at SFR location 0x8E). The top
five waveforms show the fastest write timings, with a stretch value of 000, which performs the write in eight 8051 clocks. The bottom five waveforms show the same waveforms with a stretch value of 001.
8.7.2
Fast Read Waveforms
tCL
41.66 ns
OSC24
D[7..0]
In
stretch=000, 001
FRD#[00]
D[7..0]
In
stretch=000, 001
FRD#[01]
D[7..0]
In
FRD#[10]
stretch=000
FRD#[10]
stretch=001
D[7..0]
In
FRD#[11]
stretch=000
FRD#[11]
stretch=001
[nn] = RMOD1:RMOD0, RPOL=0
Note: If WPOL=1 the waveforms are inverted
Figure 8-12. Fast Read Timing
The timing choices for fast read pulses (FRD#) are shown in Figure 8-12. Read Strobe
waveforms for stretch values of 000 and 001 are indicated. Although two of the read
strobe widths can be extended using stretch values greater than 000, the times that the
input data is sampled by the EZ-USB core remains the same as shown.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 8. EZ-USB CPU
Page 8-13
FRD# strobes[00] and [01], along with the OSC24 clock signal are typically used to connect to an external synchronous FIFO. The on-clock-wide read strobe ensures that the
FIFO address advances only once per clock. The second strobe [01] is for FIFOs that put
data on the bus one clock after the read strobe. Stretch values above 000 serve only to
extend the 8051 cycle times, without affecting the width of the FRD# strobe.
FRD# strobes [10] and [11] are typically connected to an external asynchronous FIFO,
where no clock is required. Strobe [10] samples the data at the same time as strobe [11],
but provides a wider pulse width (for stretch=000), which is required by some audio
CODECS. Timing values for these strobe signals are given in Chapter 13, “EZ-USB AC/
DC Parameters.”
8.8
Fast Transfer Speed
The 8051 code example in Figure 8-13 shows a transfer loop for moving external FIFO
data into the endpoint 8-IN FIFO. This code moves data from an external FIFO attached
to the EZ-USB data bus and strobed by the FRD# signal, into the FIFO register IN8DATA
(init)
;
loop:
mov
mov
movx
mov
mov
dptr,#FASTXFR
a,#10000000b
@dptr,a
dptr,#IN8DATA
r7,#80
;
;
;
;
;
set up the fast ISO transfer mode
FISO=1, RPOL=0, RM1-0 = 00
load the FASTXFR register
pointer to IN endpoint FIFO
r7 is loop counter, 8 bytes per loop
movx
movx
movx
movx
movx
movx
movx
movx
djnz
@dptr,a
@dptr,a
@dptr,a
@dptr,a
@dptr,a
@dptr,a
@dptr,a
@dptr,a
r7,loop
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(3)
write IN FIFO using byte from external bus
again
again
again
again
again
again
again
do eight more, ‘r7’ times
Figure 8-13. 8051 Code to Transfer 640 Bytes of External Data to an Isochronous IN FIFO
This routine uses a combination of in-line and looped code to transfer 640 bytes into the
EP8IN FIFO from an external FIFO. The loop transfers eight bytes in 19 cycles, and it
takes 80 times through the loop to transfer 640 bytes. Therefore, the total transfer time is
80 times 19 cycles, or 1,520 cycles. The 640 byte transfer thus takes 1,520*166 ns or 252
µs, or approximately one-fourth of the 1-ms USB frame time.
Using this routine, the time to completely fill one isochronous FIFO with 1,024 bytes
(assuming all 1,024 isochronous FIFO bytes are assigned to one endpoint) would be 128
Page 8-14
Chapter 8. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
times 19 cycles, or 2,432 cycles. The 1,024 byte transfer would take 403 µs, less than
half of the 1-ms USB frame time.
If still faster time is required, the routine can be modified to put more of the MOVX
instructions in-line. For example, with 16 in-line MOVX instructions, the transfer time
for 1,024 bytes would be 35 cycles times 64 loops or 2,240 cycles, or 371 µs, an 8% speed
improvement over the eight instruction loop.
8.9
Other Isochronous Registers
Two additional registers, ISOCTL and ZBCOUT, provide additional isochronous endpoint
features.
8.9.1 Disable ISO
ISOCTL
Isochronous Control
7FA1
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
-
-
-
-
PPSTAT
MBZ
MBZ
ISODISAB
Figure 8-14. ISOCTL Register
Bit zero of the ISOCTL register is called ISODISAB. When the 8051 sets ISODISAB=1,
all sixteen of EZ-USB endpoints are disabled. If ISODISAB=1, EP8IN=EP15IN and
EP8OUT-EP15OUT should not be used. ISODISAB is cleared at power-on.
When ISODISAB=1, the 2,048 bytes of RAM normally used for isochronous buffers is
available to the 8051 as XDATA RAM (not program memory), from 0x2000 to 0x27FF in
internal memory. When ISODISAB=1, the behavior of the RD# and WR# strobe signals
changes to reflect the additional 2 KB of memory inside the EZ-USB chip. This is shown
in Table 8-2.
Table 8-2. Addresses for RD# and WR# vs. ISODISAB bit
ISODISAB
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
RD#, WR#
0
(default)
2000-7B40,
8000-FFFF
1
2800-7B40,
8000-FFFF
Chapter 8. EZ-USB CPU
Page 8-15
ISOCTL register bits shown as MBZ (must be zero) must be written with zeros. The
PPSTAT bit toggles every SOF, and may be written with any value (no effect). Therefore,
to disable the isochronous endpoints, the 8051 should write the value 0x01 to the ISOCTL
register.
Caution!
If you use this option, be absolutely certain that the host never sends isochronous data to
your device. Isochronous data directed to a disabled isochronous endpoint system will
cause unpredictable operation.
Note
The Autopointer is not usable from 0x2000-0x27FF (the reclaimed ISO buffer RAM)
when ISODISAB=1.
8.9.2
Zero Byte Count Bits
When the SOF interrupt is asserted, the 8051 normally checks the isochronous OUT endpoint FIFOs for data. Before reading the byte count registers and unloading an isochronous FIFO, the firmware may wish to check for a zero byte count. In this case, the 8051
can check bits in the ZBCOUT register. Any endpoint bit set to “1” indicates that no OUT
bytes were received for that endpoint during the previous frame. Figure 8-15 shows this
register.
ZBCOUT
Zero Byte Count Bits
7FA2
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
EP15
EP14
EP13
EP12
EP11
EP10
EP9
EP8
Figure 8-15. ZBCOUT Register
The EZ-USB core updates these bits every SOF.
Page 8-16
Chapter 8. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
8.10
ISO IN Response with No Data
The ISOSEND0 bit (bit 7 in the USBPAIR register) is used when the EZ-USB chip
receives an isochronous IN token while the IN FIFO is empty. If ISOSEND0=0 (the
default value) the EZ-USB core does not respond to the IN token. If ISOSEND0=1, the
EZ-USB core sends a zero-length data packet in response to the IN token. Which action to
take depends on the overall system design. The ISOSEND0 bit applies to all of the isochronous IN endpoints, IN-8 through IN-15.
8.11
Using the Isochronous FIFOs
There is a window of time before and after each SOF (Start of Frame) when accessing the
Isochronous FIFOs will cause data corruption or loss of data.
This is because each isochronous endpoint is actually a pair of FIFOs, and the FIFOs are
swapped at SOF time. The swap occurs about 10 µs before the SOF interrupt signals the
8051 code. (Between SOFs, one FIFO of the pair is accessible to the 8051, while the other
FIFO of the pair transfers data to or from the USB.)
Workaround#1: If you can pre-assemble the data into a buffer, blast the data (in a tight
loop) into the new FIFO just after the SOF interrupt, typically inside the SOF ISR (Interrupt Service Routine).
Workaround#2: If you can’t pre-assemble the data into a buffer, prevent access during
SOFs by setting a time (in the SOF ISR) to time out and halt access just before the next
SOF. Set the timer for about 950 µs (ms minus 50 µs).
Be careful of interrupt latency delaying the timeout ISR. That is, the timeout ISR may be
prevented from halting access by getting preempted by a higher priority interrupt(s), made
worse by the necessary practice of disabling interrupts to manage shared resources,
resources that are shared between the ISRs and background process.
To prevent drift of the timer relative to SOFs, restart the timer after each SOF (typically in
the SOF ISR).
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 8. EZ-USB CPU
Page 8-17
Page 8-18
Chapter 8. EZ-USB CPU
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
9 EZ-USB Interrupts
9.1
Introduction
The EZ-USB enhanced 8051 responds to the interrupts shown in Table 9-1. Interrupt
sources that are not present in the standard 8051 are shown as checked in the “New” column. The three interrupts used by the EZ-USB core are shown in bold type.
Table 9-1. EZ-USB Interrupts
New 8051 Interrupt (IRQ name)
P
Source
Vector (hex) Natural Priority
IE0
INT0# Pin
03
1
TF0
Timer 0 Overflow
0B
2
IE1
INT1# Pin
13
3
TF1
Timer 1 Overflow
1B
4
RI_0 & TI_0
UART0 Rx & Tx
23
5
TF2
Timer 2 Overflow
2B
6
P
Resume (PFI)
WAKEUP# Pin or USB Core
33
0
P
RI_1 & TI_1
UART1 Rx & Tx
3B
7
P
USB (INT2)
USB Core
43
8
4B
9
P
I C (INT3)
USB Core
P
IE4
IN4 Pin
53
10
P
IE5
INT5# Pin
5B
11
P
IE6
INT6 Pin
63
12
2
The Natural Priority column in Table 9-1 shows the 8051 interrupt priorities. As
explained in Appendix C, the 8051 can assign each interrupt to a high or low priority
group. The 8051 resolves priorities within the groups using the natural priorities.
9.2
USB Core Interrupts
The EZ-USB core provides three interrupt request types, which are described in the following sections:
Wakeup - After the EZ-USB chip detects USB suspend and the 8051 has entered
its idle state, the EZ-USB core responds to an external signal on its
WAKEUP# pin or resumption of USB bus activity by re-starting the EZUSB oscillator and resuming 8051 operation.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 9. EZ-USB Interrupts
Page 9-1
USB Signaling - These include 16 bulk endpoint interrupts, three interrupts not
specific to a particular endpoint (SOF), Suspend, USB Reset), and two
interrupts for CONTROL transfers (SUTOK, SUDAV). These interrupts
share the USB interrupt (INT2). The AN2122/26 versions have an interrupt indicating that a bulk packet was NAKd.
I2C Transfers - (INT3).
9.3
Wakeup Interrupt
Chapter 10, "EZ-USB Resets" describes suspend-resume signaling in detail, along with a
code example that uses the Wakeup interrupt.
Briefly, the USB host puts a device into SUSPEND by stopping bus activity to the device.
When the EZ-USB core detects 3 ms of no bus activity, it activates the USB suspend interrupt request. If enabled, the 8051 takes the suspend interrupt, does power management
housekeeping (shutting down power to external logic), and finishes by setting SFR bit
PCON.0. This signals the EZ-USB core to enter a very low power mode by turning off the
12-MHz oscillator.
When the 8051 sets PCON.0, it enters an idle state. 8051 execution is resumed by activation of any enabled interrupt. The EZ-USB chip uses a dedicated interrupt for USB
Resume. When external logic pulls WAKEUP# low (for example, when a keyboard key is
pressed or a modem receives a ring signal) or USB bus activity resumes, the EZ-USB core
re-starts the 12-MHz oscillator, allowing the 8051 to recognize the interrupt and continue
executing instructions.
EICON.5
Resume signal
from EZ-USB core
S
R
8051
"RESUME"
Interrupt
EICON.4(rd)
EICON.4(0)
Figure 9-1. EZ-USB Wakeup Interrupt
Figure 9-1 shows the 8051 SFR bits associated with the RESUME interrupt. The EZ-USB
core asserts the resume signal when the EZ-USB core senses a USB Global Resume, or
when the EZ-USB WAKEUP# pin is pulled low. The 8051 enables the RESUME interrupt by setting EICON.5.
Page 9-2
Chapter 9. EZ-USB Interrupts
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
tb
EICON.5
; enable Resume interrupt
The 8051 reads the RESUME interrupt request bit in EICON.4, and clears the interrupt
request by writing a zero to EICON.4.
Resume_isr:
clr
EICON.4
; clear the 8051 W/U
; interrupt request
reti
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 9. EZ-USB Interrupts
Page 9-3
9.4
USB Signaling Interrupts
Figure 9-2 shows the 21 USB requests that share the 8051 USB (INT2) interrupt. The bottom IRQ, EP7-OUT, is expanded in the diagram to show the logic associated with each
USB interrupt request. Vector 05, not shown in the diagram, exists only in the AN2122/
AN2126, and is described later in this chapter.
EZ-USB
00
SUDAV
01
SOF
02
SUTOK
03
SUSP
04
URES
05
IBN Int
06
EP0-IN
07
EP0-OUT
08
EP1-IN
09
EP1-OUT
0A
EP2-IN
0B
EP2-OUT
0C
EP3-IN
0D
EP3-OUT
0E
EP4-IN
0F
EP4-OUT
10
EP5-IN
11
EP5-OUT
12
EP6-IN
13
EP6-OUT
14
EP7-IN
8051
EIE.0
8051 "USB"
Interrupt
S
R
EXIF.4(rd)
EXIF.4(0)
OUT07IEN.7
15
EP7-OUT
S
IN07IRQ.7(1)
R
IN07IRQ.7 (rd)
Interrupt Request Latch
AVEC
0
IV4
IV3
IV2
IV1
IV0
0
0
Figure 9-2. USB Interrupts
Page 9-4
Chapter 9. EZ-USB Interrupts
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Referring to the logic inside the dotted lines, each USB interrupt source has an interrupt
request latch. The EZ-USB core sets an IRQ bit, and the 8051 clears an IRQ bit by writing
a “1” to it. The output of each latch is ANDed with an IEN (Interrupt Enable) bit and then
ORd with all the other USB interrupt request sources.
The EZ-USB core prioritizes the USB interrupts, and constructs an Autovector, which
appears in the AVEC register. The interrupt vector values IV[4..0] are shown to the left of
the interrupt sources (shaded boxes). 00 is the highest priority, 15 is the lowest. If two
USB interrupts occur simultaneously, the prioritization affects which one is first indicated
in the AVEC register. If the 8051 has enabled Autovectoring, the AVEC byte replaces
byte 0x45 in 8051 program memory. This causes the USB interrupt automatically to vector to different addresses for each USB interrupt source. This mechanism is explained in
detail in Section 9.10, "USB Autovectors."
Due to the OR gate in Figure 9-2, any of the USB interrupt sources sets the 8051 USB
interrupt request latch, whose state appears as an interrupt request in the 8051 SFR bit
EXIF.4. The 8051 enables the USB interrupt by setting SFR bit EIE.0. To clear the USB
interrupt request the 8051 writes a zero to the EXIF.4 bit. Note that this is the opposite of
clearing any of the individual USB interrupt sources, which the 8051 does by writing a “1”
to the IRQ bit.
When a USB resource requires service (for example, a SOF token arrives or an OUT token
arrives on a BULK endpoint), two things happen. First, the corresponding Interrupt
Request Latch is set. Second, a pulse is generated, ORd with the other USB interrupt
logic, and routed to the 8051 INT2 input. The pulse is required because INT2 is edge triggered.
When the 8051 finishes servicing a USB interrupt, it clears the particular IRQ bit by writing a “1” to it. If any other USB interrupts are pending, the act of clearing the IRQ causes
the EZ-USB core logic to generate another pulse for the highest-priority pending interrupt.
If more that one is pending, they are serviced in the priority order shown in Figure 9-2,
starting with SUDAV (priority 00) as the highest priority, and ending with EP7-OUT (priority 15) as the lowest.
Important
It is important in any USB Interrupt Service Routine (ISR) to clear the 8051 INT2 interrupt before clearing the particular USB interrupt request latch. This is because as soon
as the USB interrupt is cleared, any pending USB interrupt will pulse the 8051 INT2
input, and if the INT2 interrupt request latch has not been previously cleared the pending
interrupt will be lost.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 9. EZ-USB Interrupts
Page 9-5
Figure 9-3 illustrates a typical USB ISR for endpoint 2-IN.
USB_ISR:
push
push
push
push
push
push
dps
dpl
dph
dpl1
dph1
acc
mov
clr
mov
a,EXIF
acc.4
EXIF,a
; FIRST clear the USB (INT2) interrupt request
mov
mov
movx
dptr,#IN07IRQ
a,#00000100b
@dptr,a
; now clear the USB interrupt request
; use IN2 as example
;
; Note:
EXIF reg is not 8051 bit-addressable
;
;
; (perform interrupt routine stuff)
;
pop
acc
pop
dph1
pop
dpl1
pop
dph
pop
dpl
pop
dps
;
reti
Figure 9-3. The Order of Clearing Interrupt Requests is Important
Page 9-6
Chapter 9. EZ-USB Interrupts
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
IN07IRQ
Endpoints 0-7 IN Interrupt Requests
7FA9
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
IN7IR
IN6IR
IN5IR
IN4IR
IN3IR
IN2IR
IN1IR
IN0IR
OUT07IRQ
Endpoints 0-7 OUT Interrupt Requests
7FAA
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
OUT7IR
OUT6IR
OUT5IR
OUT4IR
OUT3IR
OUT2IR
OUT1IR
OUT0IR
USBIRQ
USB Interrupt Request
7FAB
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
-
-
-
USESIR
SUSPIR
SUTOKIR
SOFIR
SUDAVIR
IN07IEN
Endpoints 0-7 IN Interrupt Enables
7FAC
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
IN7IEN
IN6IEN
IN5IEN
IN4IEN
IN3IEN
IN2IEN
IN1IEN
IN0IEN
OUT07IEN
Endpoints 0-7 OUT Interrupt Enables
7FAD
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
OUT7IEN
OUT6IEN
OUT5IEN
OUT4IEN
OUT3IEN
OUT2IEN
OUT1IEN
OUT0IEN
USBIEN
USB Interrupt Enables
7FAE
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
-
-
-
URESIE
SUSPIE
SUTOKIE
SOFIE
SUDAVIE
Figure 9-4. EZ-USB Interrupt Registers
Figure 9-4 shows the registers associated with the USB interrupts. Each interrupt source
has an enable (IEN) and a request (IRQ) bit. The 8051 sets the IEN bit to enable the interrupt. The USB core sets an IRQ bit high to request an interrupt, and the 8051 clears an
IRQ bit by writing a “1” to it.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 9. EZ-USB Interrupts
Page 9-7
The USBIEN and USBIRQ registers control the first five interrupts shown in Figure 9-2.
The IN07IEN and OUT07 registers control the remaining 16 USB interrupts, which correspond to the 16 bulk endpoints IN0-IN7 and OUT0-OUT7.
The 21 USB interrupts are now described in detail.
9.5
SUTOK, SUDAV Interrupts
SETUP Stage
S
A E C
E
D N R
T
D D C
U
R P 5
P
Token Packet
SUTOK
Interrupt
D
A
T
A
0
8 bytes
Setup
Data
C
R
C
1
6
Data Packet
A
C
K
H/S Pkt
SUDAV
Interrupt
Figure 9-5. SUTOK and SUDAV Interrupts
SUTOK and SUDAV are supplied to the 8051 by EZ-USB CONTROL endpoint zero.
The first portion of a USB CONTROL transfer is the SETUP stage shown in Figure 9-5.
(A full CONTROL transfer is the SETUP stage shown in Figure 7-1.) When the EZ-USB
core decodes a SETUP packet, it asserts the SUTOK (SETUP Token) interrupt request.
After the EZ-USB core has received the eight bytes error-free and copied them into eight
internal registers at SETUPDAT, it asserts the SUDAV interrupt request.
The 8051 program responds to the SUDAV interrupt by reading the eight SETUP data
bytes in order to decode the USB request (Chapter 7, "EZ-USB Endpoint Zero").
The SUTOK interrupt is provided to give advance warning that the eight register bytes at
SETUPDAT are about to be over-written. It is useful for debug and diagnostic purposes.
Page 9-8
Chapter 9. EZ-USB Interrupts
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
9.6
SOF Interrupt
F C
S
R R
O
N C
F
O 5
Token Pkt
Figure 9-6. A Start Of Frame (SOF) Packet
USB Start of Frame interrupt requests occur every millisecond. When the EZ-USB core
receives an SOF packet, it copies the eleven-bit frame number (FRNO in Figure 9-6) into
the USBFRAMEH and USBFRAMEL registers, and activates the SOF interrupt request.
The 8051 services all isochronous endpoint data as a result of the SOF interrupt.
9.7
Suspend Interrupt
If the EZ-USB detects 3 ms of no bus activity, it activates the SUSP (Suspend) interrupt
request. A full description of Suspend-Resume signaling appears in Chapter 11, "EZ-USB
Power Management."
9.8
USB RESET Interrupt
The USB signals a bus reset by driving both D+ and D- low for at least 10 ms. When the
EZ-USB core detects the onset of USB bus reset, it activates the URES interrupt request.
9.9
Bulk Endpoint Interrupts
The remaining 16 USB interrupt requests are indexed to the 16 EZ-USB bulk endpoints.
The EZ-USB core activates a bulk interrupt request when the endpoint buffer requires service. For an OUT endpoint, the interrupt request signifies that OUT data has been sent
from the host, validated by the EZ-USB core, and is sitting in the endpoint buffer memory.
For an IN endpoint, the interrupt request signifies that the data previously loaded by the
8051 into the IN endpoint buffer has been read and validated by the host, making the IN
endpoint buffer ready to accept new data.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 9. EZ-USB Interrupts
Page 9-9
The EZ-USB core sets an endpoint’s interrupt request bit when the endpoint’s busy bit (in
the endpoint CS register) goes low, indicating that the endpoint buffer is available to the
8051. For example, when endpoint 4-OUT receives a data packet, the busy bit in the
OUT4CS register goes low, and OUT07IRQ.4 goes high, requesting the endpoint 4-OUT
interrupt.
9.10
USB Autovectors
The USB interrupt is shared by 21 interrupt sources. To save the code and processing time
required to sort out which USB interrupt occurred, the EZ-USB core provides a second
level of interrupt vectoring, called “Autovectoring.” When the 8051 takes a USB interrupt, it pushes the program counter onto its stack, and then executes a jump to address 43,
where it expects to find a jump instruction to an interrupt service routine. The 8051 jump
instruction is encoded as follows:
Table 9-2. 8051 JUMP Instruction
Address
Op-Code
Hex Value
0043
Jump
0x02
0044
AddrH
0xHH
0045
AddrL
0xLL
If Autovectoring is enabled (AVEN=1 in the USBBAV register), the EZ-USB core substitutes its AVEC byte for the byte at address 0x0045. Therefore, if the programmer preloads the high byte (“page”) of a jump table address at location 0x0044, the core-inserted
byte at 0x45 will automatically direct the JUMP to one of 21 addresses within the page. In
the jump table, the programmer then puts a series of jump instructions to each particular
ISR.
Page 9-10
Chapter 9. EZ-USB Interrupts
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Table 9-3. A Typical USB Jump Table
Table
Offset
9.11
Instruction
00
JMP SUDAV_ISR
04
JMP SOF_ISR
08
JMP SUTOK_ISR
0C
JMP SUSPEND_ISR
10
JMP USBRESET_ISR
14
JMP IBN_ISR (2122/2126
only, otherwise NOP)
18
JMP EP0IN _ISR
1C
JMP EP0OUT_ISR
20
JMP IN1BUF_ISR
24
JMP EP1OUT_ISR
28
JMP EP2IN_ISR
2C
JMP EP2OUT_ISR
30
JMP EP3IN_ISR
34
JMP EP3OUT_ISR
38
JMP EP4IN_ISR
3C
JMP EP4OUT_ISR
40
JMP EP5IN_ISR
44
JMP EP5OUT_ISR
48
JMP EP6IN_ISR
4C
JMP EP6OUT_ISR
50
JMP EP7IN_ISR
54
JMP EP7OUT_ISR
Autovector Coding
A detailed example of a program that uses Autovectoring is presented in Section 6.14,
"Interrupt Bulk Transfer Example." The coding steps are summarized here. To employ
EZ-USB Autovectoring:
1. Insert a jump instruction at 0x43 to a table of jump instructions to the various USB
interrupt service routines.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 9. EZ-USB Interrupts
Page 9-11
2. Code the jump table with jump instructions to each individual USB interrupt service routine. This table has two important requirements, arising from the format of
the AVEC byte (zero-based, with 2 LSBs set to 0):
•
It must begin on a page boundary (address 0xNN00).
•
The jump instructions must be four bytes apart.
•
The interrupt service routines can be placed anywhere in memory.
•
Write initialization code to enable the USB interrupt (INT2), and Autovectoring.
8051 USB
Interrupt
Vector
0043
0044
LJMP
0045
(00)2C
0400
04
USB core
AVEC
USB_Jmp_Table:
2C
042C
042D
LJMP EP2OUT_ISR
042E
19
01
EP2OUT_ISR:
0119
Figure 9-7. The Autovector Mechanism in Action
Figure 9-7 illustrates an ISR that services endpoint 2-OUT. When endpoint 2-OUT
requires service, the EZ-USB core activates the USB interrupt request, vectoring the 8051
to location 0x43. The jump instruction at this location, which was originally coded as
“LJMP 04-00” becomes “LJMP 04-2C” due to the EZ-USB core substituting 2C as the
Autovector byte for Endpoint 2-OUT (Table 9-3). The 8051 jumps to 042C, where it executes the jump instruction to the endpoint 2-OUT ISR shown in this example at address
0119. Once the 8051 takes the vector at 0043, initiation of the endpoint-specific ISR takes
only eight 8051 cycles.
Page 9-12
Chapter 9. EZ-USB Interrupts
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
9.12
I2C Interrupt
EZ-USB
8051
EIE.1
DONE
RD or WR
I2DAT register
S
S
R
R
I2C Interrupt
Request
I2CS
I2DAT
8051 I2C
Interrupt
(INT3)
EXIF.5(rd)
EXIF.5(0)
START
STOP
LASTRD
ID1
ID0
BERR
ACK
DONE
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
Figure 9-8. I2C Interrupt Enable Bits and Registers
Chapter 4, "EZ-USB Input/Output" describes the 8051 interface to the EZ-USB I2C controller. The 8051 uses two registers, I2CS (I2C Control and Status) and I2DAT (I2C Data)
to transfer data over the I2C bus. The EZ-USB core signals completion of a byte transfer
by setting the DONE bit (I2CS.0) high, which also sets an I2C interrupt request latch
(Figure 9-8). This interrupt request is routed to the 8051 INT3 interrupt.
The 8051 enables the I2C interrupt by setting EIE.1=1. The 8051 determines the state of
the interrupt request flag by reading EXIF.5, and resets the INT3 interrupt request by writing a zero to EXIF.5. Any 8051 read or write to the I2DAT or I2CS register automatically
clears the I2C interrupt request.
9.13
In Bulk NAK Interrupt - (AN2122/AN2126 only)
The EZ-USB family responds to an IN token from the host by loading an IN endpoint
buffer and then arming the endpoint by loading a byte count for the endpoint. After the
host successfully receives the IN data, the 8051 receives an EP-IN interrupt, signifying
that the IN endpoint buffer is once again ready to accept data.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 9. EZ-USB Interrupts
Page 9-13
In some situations, the host may send IN tokens before the 8051 has loaded and armed an
IN endpoint. To alert the 8051 that an IN endpoint is being pinged, the AN2122/26 add a
set of interrupts, one per IN endpoint, that indicate that an IN endpoint just sent a NAK to
the host. This happens when the host sends an IN token and the IN endpoint does not have
data (yet) for the host.
The new interrupt is called “IBN,” for IN Bulk NAK. Its INT2 Autovector is 05, which
was previously reserved in the EZ-USB family.
The IBN interrupt requests and enables are controlled by two new registers. Note that
because the IBN interrupt exists only in the AN2122/AN2126, which has 6 bulk IN endpoints, there are IRQ and IEN bits endpoints IN0 through IN6.
IBNIRQ
IN Bulk NAK Interrupt Requests
7FB0
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
-
EP6IN
EP5IN
EP4IN
EP3IN
EP2IN
EP1IN
EP0IN
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Figure 9-9. IN Bulk NAK Interrupt Request Register
IBNEN
IN Bulk NAK Interrupt Enables
7FB1
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
-
EP6IN
EP5IN
EP4IN
EP3IN
EP2IN
EP1IN
EP0IN
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Figure 9-10. IN Bulk NAK Interrupt Enable Register
Each of the individual IN endpoints may be enabled for an IBN interrupt using the IBNEN
register. The 8051 sets an interrupt enable bit to “1” to enable the corresponding interrupt.
The ISR tests the IBNIRQ bits to determine which endpoint or endpoints generated the
interrupt request. As with all other EZ-USB interrupt requests, the 8051 clears an
IBNIRQ bit by writing a “1” to it.
Page 9-14
Chapter 9. EZ-USB Interrupts
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
I2C STOP Complete Interrupt - (AN2122/AN2126 only)
9.14
I2CMODE
7FA7
I2C Mode
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
0
0
0
0
0
0
STOPIE
0
R
R
R
R
R
R
R/W
R
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Figure 9-11. I2C Mode Register
The I2C interrupt includes one additional interrupt source in the AN2122/AN2126, a 1-0
transition of the STOP bit. To enable this interrupt, set the STOPIE bit in the I2CMODE
register. The 8051 determines the interrupt source by checking the DONE and STOP bits
in the I2CS register.
I2CS
7FA5
I2C Control and Status
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
START
STOP
LASTRD
ID1
ID0
BERR
ACK
DONE
R/W
R/W
R/W
R
R
R
R
R
0
0
0
X
X
0
0
0
Figure 9-12. I2C Control and Status Register
I2DAT
7FA6
I2C Data
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Figure 9-13. I2C Data
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 9. EZ-USB Interrupts
Page 9-15
The two registers that the 8051 uses to control I2C transfers are shown above. In the EZUSB family, an I2C interrupt request occurs on INT3 whenever the DONE bit (I2CS.0)
makes a 0-to-1 transition. This interrupt signals the 8051 that the I2C controller is ready
for another command.
The 8051 concludes I2C transfers by setting the STOP bit (I2CS.6). When the STOP condition has been sent over the I2C bus, the I2C controller resets I2CS.6 to zero. During the
time the I2C controller is generating the stop condition, it ignores accesses to the I2CS and
I2DAT registers. The 8051 code should therefore check the STOP bit for zero before writing new data to I2CS or I2DAT. In the EZ-USB family, it does this by polling the I2CS.6
bit.
Page 9-16
Chapter 9. EZ-USB Interrupts
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
10 EZ-USB Resets
10.1
Introduction
The EZ-USB chip has three resets:
•
A Power-On Reset (POR), which turns on the EZ-USB chip in a known state.
•
An 8051 reset, controlled by the EZ-USB core.
•
A USB bus reset, sent by the host to reset a device.
This chapter describes the effects of these three resets.
10.2
EZ-USB Power-On Reset (POR)
RES
8051
Vcc
CPUCS.0
(1 at PWR ON)
RESET
RES
EZ-USB Core
24 MHz
USB Bus
Reset
48 MHz
XIN
12
MHz
Oscillator
PLL
XOUT
÷2
CLK24
Figure 10-1. EZ-USB Resets
When power is first applied to the EZ-USB chip, the external R-C circuit holds the EZUSB core in reset until the on-chip PLL stabilizes. The CLK24 pin is active as soon as
power is applied. The 8051 may clear an EZ-USB control bit, CLK24OE, to inhibit the
CLK24 output pin for EMI-sensitive applications that do not need this signal. External
logic can force a chip reset by pulling the RESET pin HI. The RESET pin is normally
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 10. EZ-USB Resets
Page 10-1
connected to Vcc through a 1 µF capacitor and to GND through a 10-K resistor
(Figure 10-1). The oscillator and PLL are unaffected by the state of the RESET pin.
The CLK24 signal is active while RESET = HI. When RESET returns LO, the activity on
the CLK24 pin depends on whether or not the EZ-USB chip is in suspend state. If in suspend, CLK24 stops. Resumption of USB bus activity or asserting the WAKEUP# pin LO
re-starts the CLK24 signal.
Power-on default values for all EZ-USB register bits are shown in Chapter 12, "EZ-USB
Registers." Table 10-1 summarizes reset states that affect USB device operation. Note
that the term “Power-On Reset” refers to a reset initiated by application of power, or by
assertion of the RESET pin.
Table 10-1. EZ-USB States After Power-On Reset (POR)
Item
Register
Default Value
Comment
1
Endpoint Data
xxxxxxxx
2
Byte Counts
xxxxxxxx
3
CPUCS
rrrr0011
rrrr=rev number, b1 =CLK24OE, b0=8051RES
4
PORT Configs
00000000
IO, not alternate functions
5
PORT Registers
xxxxxxxx
6
PORT OEs
00000000
Inputs
7
Interrupt Enables
00000000
Disabled
8
Interrupt Reqs
00000000
Cleared
9
Bulk IN C/S
00000000
Bulk IN endpoints not busy (unarmed)
10
Bulk OUT C/S*
00000000
Bulk OUT endpoints not busy (unarmed)
11
Toggle Bits
00000000
Data toggles = 0
12
USBCS
00000100
RENUM=0, DISCOE=1 (Discon pin drives)
13
FNADDR
00000000
USB Function Address
14
IN07VAL
01010111
EP0,1,2,4,6 IN valid
15
OUT07VAL
01010101
EP0,2,4,6 OUT valid
16
INISOVAL
00000111
EP8,9,10 IN valid
17
OUTISOVAL
00000111
EP8,910OUT valid
18
USBPAIR
0x000000
ISOsend0 (b7) = 0, no pairing
19
USBBAV
00000000
Break condition cleared, no Autovector
20
Configuration
0
Internal EZ-USB core value
21
Alternate Setting
0
Internal EZ-USB core value
* When the 8051 is released from reset, the EZ-USB automatically arms the Bulk OUT
endpoints by setting their CS registers to 000000010b.
Page 10-2
Chapter 10. EZ-USB Resets
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
From Table 10-1, at power-on:
•
Endpoint data buffers and byte counts are un-initialized (1,2).
•
The 8051 is held in reset, and the CLK24 pin is enabled (3).
•
All port pins are configured as input ports (4-6).
•
USB interrupts are disabled, and USB interrupt requests are cleared (7-8).
•
Bulk IN and OUT endpoints are unarmed, and their stall bits are cleared (9). The
EZ-USB core will NAK IN or OUT tokens while the 8051 is reset. OUT endpoints are enabled when the 8051 is released from reset.
•
Endpoint toggle bits are cleared (11).
•
The ReNum bit is cleared. This means that the EZ-USB core, and not the 8051,
initially responds to USB device requests (12).
•
The USB function address register is set to zero (13).
•
The endpoint valid bits are set to match the endpoints used by the default USB
device (14-17).
•
Endpoint pairing is disabled. Also, ISOSend0=0, meaning that if an Isochronous
endpoint receives an IN token without being loaded by the 8051 in the previous
frame, the EZ-USB core does not generate any response (18).
•
The breakpoint condition is cleared, and autovectoring is turned off (19).
•
Configuration Zero, Alternate Setting Zero is in effect (20-21).
10.3
Releasing the 8051 Reset
The EZ-USB register bit CPUCS.0 resets the 8051. This bit is HI at power-on, initially
holding the 8051 in reset. There are three ways to release the 8051 from reset:
•
By the host, as the final step of a RAM download.
•
Automatically, as part of an EEPROM load.
•
Automatically, when external ROM is used (EA=1).
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 10. EZ-USB Resets
Page 10-3
10.3.1 RAM Download
Once enumerated, the host can download code into the EZ-USB RAM using the “Firmware Load” vendor request (Chapter 7, "EZ-USB Endpoint Zero"). The last packet loaded
writes 0 to the CPUCS register, which clears the 8051 RESET bit.
Note
The other bit in the CPUCS register, CLK24OE, is writable only by the 8051, so the host
writing a zero byte to this register does not turn off the CLK24 signal.
10.3.2 EEPROM Load
Chapter 5 describes the EEPROM boot loads in detail. Briefly, at power-on, the EZ-USB
core checks for the presence of an EEPROM on its I2C bus. If found, it reads the first
EEPROM byte. If it reads 0xB2 as the first byte, the EZ-USB core downloads 8051 code
from the EEPROM into internal RAM. The last byte of a “B2” load writes 0x00 to the
CPUCS register (at 0x7F92), which releases the 8051 from reset.
10.3.3 External ROM
EZ-USB systems can use external program memory containing 8051 code and USB
device descriptors, which include the VID/DID/PID bytes. Because these systems do no
require and I2C EEPROM to supply the VID/DID/PID, the EZ-USB core automatically
releases 8051 reset when:
1. EA=1 (External code memory), and
2. No “B0/B2” EEPROM is detected on the I2C bus.
The EZ-USB core also sets the ReNum bit to “1,” giving USB control to the 8051.
10.4
8051 Reset Effects
Once the 8051 is running, the USB host may reset the 8051 by downloading the value
0x01 to the CPUCS register. The host might do this in preparation for loading code overlays, effectively magnifying the size of the internal EZ-USB RAM. For such applications
it is important to know the state of the EZ-USB chip during and after an 8051 reset. In this
Page 10-4
Chapter 10. EZ-USB Resets
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
section, this particular reset is called an “8051 Reset,” and should not be confused with the
POR described in Section 10.2, "EZ-USB Power-On Reset (POR)." This discussion
applies only to the condition where the EZ-USB chip is powered, and the 8051 is reset by
the host setting the CPUCS register to 0.
The basic USB device configuration remains intact through an 8051 reset. Valid endpoints remain valid, the USB function address remains the same, and the IO ports retain
their configurations and values. Stalled endpoints remain stalled, and data toggles don’t
change. The only effects of an 8051 reset are as follows:
•
USB interrupts are disabled, but pending interrupt requests remain pending.
•
During the 8051 Reset, all bulk endpoints are unarmed, causing the EZ-USB core
to NAK and IN or OUT tokens.
•
After the 8051 Reset is removed, the OUT bulk endpoints are automatically
armed. OUT endpoints are thus ready to accept one OUT packet before 8051
intervention is required.
•
The breakpoint condition is cleared.
The ReNum bit is not affected by an 8051 reset.
When the 8051 comes out of reset, the pending interrupts are kept pending, but disabled
(1). This gives the firmware writer the choice of acting on pre-8051-reset USB events, or
ignoring them by clearing the pending interrupt(s).
During the 8051 reset time, the EZ-USB core holds off any USB traffic by NAKing IN
and OUT tokens (2). The EZ-USB core automatically arms the OUT endpoints when the
8051 exits the reset state (3).
USBBAV.3, the breakpoint BREAK bit, is cleared (4). The other bits in the USBBAV register are unaffected.
10.5
USB Bus Reset
The host signals a USB Bus Reset by driving an SE0 state (both D+ and D- data lines low)
for a minimum of 10 ms. The EZ-USB core senses this condition, requests the 8051 USB
Interrupt (INT2), and supplies the interrupt vector for a USB Reset. A USB reset affects
the EZ-USB resources as shown in Table 10-2.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 10. EZ-USB Resets
Page 10-5
Table 10-2. EZ-USB States After a USB Bus Reset
Item
Register
Default
Value
Comment
1
Endpt Data
uuuuuuuu u = unchanged
2
Byte Counts
uuuuuuuu
3
CPUCS
uuuuuuuu
4
PORT Configs
uuuuuuuu
5
PORT Registers
uuuuuuuu
6
PORT OEs
uuuuuuuu
7
Interrupt Enables
uuuuuuuu
8
Interrupt Reqs
uuuuuuuu
9
Bulk IN C/S
00000000 unarm
10
Bulk OUT C/S
uuuuuuuu retain armed/unarmed state
11
Toggle Bits
00000000
12
USBCS
uuuuuuuu ReNum bit unchanged
13
FNADDR
00000000 USB Function Address
14
IN07VAL
uuuuuuuu
15
OUT07VAL
uuuuuuuu
16
INISOVAL
uuuuuuuu
17
OUTISOVAL
uuuuuuuu
18
USBPAIR
uuuuuuuu
19
Configuration
0
20
Alternate Setting
0
A USB bus reset leaves most EZ-USB resources unchanged. From Table 10-2, after USB
bus reset:
•
The EZ-USB core unarms all Bulk IN endpoints (9). Data loaded by the 8051 into
an IN endpoint buffer remains there, and the 8051 firmware can either re-send it by
loading the endpoint byte count register to re-arm the transfer, or send new data by
re-loading the IN buffer before re-arming the endpoint.
•
Bulk OUT endpoints retain their busy states (10). Data sent by the host to an OUT
endpoint buffer remains in the buffer, and the 8051 firmware can either read the
data or reject it as stale simply by not reading it. In either case, the 8051 loads a
dummy value to the endpoint byte count register to re-arm OUT transfers.
•
Toggle bits are cleared (11).
•
The device address is reset to zero (13).
Page 10-6
Chapter 10. EZ-USB Resets
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Note from item 12 that the ReNum bit is unchanged after a USB bus reset. Therefore, if a
device has ReNumerated and loaded a new personality, it retains the new personality
through a USB bus reset.
10.6
EZ-USB Disconnect
Table 10-3. Effects of an EZ-USB Disconnect and Re-connect
Item
Register
Default
Value
Comment
1
Endpt Data
uuuuuuuu u = unchanged
2
Byte Counts
uuuuuuuu
3
CPUCS
uuuuuuuu
4
PORT Configs
uuuuuuuu
5
PORT Registers
uuuuuuuu
6
PORT OEs
uuuuuuuu
7
Interrupt Enables
uuuuuuuu
8
Interrupt Reqs
uuuuuuuu
9
Bulk IN C/S
00000000 unarm, clear stall bit
10
Bulk OUT C/S
00000000 Arm, clear stall bit
11
Toggle Bits
00000000 reset
12
USBCS
uuuuuuuu ReNum bit unchanged
13
FNADDR
00000000 USB Function Address
14
IN07VAL
uuuuuuuu
15
OUT07VAL
uuuuuuuu
16
INISOVAL
uuuuuuuu
17
OUTISOVAL
uuuuuuuu
18
USBPAIR
uuuuuuuu
19
Configuration
0
20
Alternate Setting
0
Although not strictly a “reset,” when the EZ-USB simulates a disconnect-reconnect in
order to ReNumerate, there are effects on the EZ-USB core:
•
Bulk IN endpoints are unarmed, and bulk OUT endpoints are armed (9-10).
•
Endpoint STALL bits are cleared (9-10).
•
Data toggles are reset (11).
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 10. EZ-USB Resets
Page 10-7
•
The function address is reset to zero (13).
•
The configuration is reset to zero (19).
•
Alternate settings are reset to zero (20).
10.7
Reset Summary
Table 10-4. Effects of Various EZ-USB Resets (“U” Means “Unaffected”)
RESET pin
USB Bus Reset
Disconnect
8051 Reset
8051 Reset
Resource
reset
U
U
N/A
EP0-7 IN EPs
unarm
unarm
unarm
unarm
EP0-7 OUT EPs
unarm
U
arm
unarm/arm
Breakpoint
reset
U
U
reset
Stall Bits
reset
U
reset
U
Interrupt Enables
reset
U
U
reset
Interrupt Reqs
reset
U
U
U
CLK24
run
U
U
U
Data Toggles
reset
reset
reset
U
Function Address
reset
reset
reset
U
Configuration
0
0
0
U
ReNum
0
U
U
U
Table 10-4 summarizes the effects of the four EZ-USB resets.
Note
The I2C controller is not reset for any of the conditions laid out in Table 10-4. Only the
EZ-USB RESET pin resets it.
Page 10-8
Chapter 10. EZ-USB Resets
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
11 EZ-USB Power Management
11.1
Introduction
The USB host can suspend a device to put it into a power-down mode. When the USB
signals a SUSPEND operation, the EZ-USB chip goes through a sequence of steps to
allow the 8051 to first turn off external power-consuming subsystems, and then enter an
ultra-low-power mode by turning off its oscillator. Once suspended, the EZ-USB chip is
awakened either by resumption of USB bus activity, or by assertion of its WAKEUP# pin.
This chapter describes the suspend-resume mechanism.
12 MHz
WAKEUP pin
USB Resume
START
STOP
Oscillator
PLL
48 MHz
Restart
Delay
div by
2
CLK24
PCON.0
Resume INT
No USB activity
for 3 msec.
8051
Signal
Resume
(USBCS.0)
USB
"SUSPEND"
Interrupt
Figure 11-1. Suspend-Resume Control
Figure 11-1 illustrates the EZ-USB logic that implements USB suspend and resume.
These operations are explained in the next sections.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 11. EZ-USB Power Management
Page 11-1
11.2
Suspend
12 MHz
STOP
Oscillator
PLL
48 MHz
div by
2
CLK24
PCON.0
8051
INT2
No USB activity
for 3 msec.
USB
"SUSPEND"
Interrupt
Figure 11-2. EZ-USB Suspend Sequence
A USB device recognizes SUSPEND as 3 ms of a bus idle (“J”) state. The EZ-USB core
alerts the 8051 by asserting the USB (INT2) interrupt and the SUSPEND interrupt vector.
This gives the 8051 code a chance to perform power SUSPEND interrupt vector. This
gives the 8051 code a chance to perform power conservation housekeeping before shutting down the oscillator.
Page 11-2
Chapter 11. EZ-USB Power Management
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
The 8051 code responds to the SUSPEND interrupt by taking the following steps:
1. Performs any necessary housekeeping such as shutting off external power-consuming devices.
2. Sets bit 0 of the PCON SFR (Special Function Register). This has two effects:
•
The 8051 enters its idle mode, which is exited by any interrupt.
•
The 8051 sends an internal signal to the EZ-USB core which causes it to turn
off the oscillator and PLL.
These actions put the EZ-USB chip into a low-power mode, as required by the USB Specification.
11.3
Resume
12 MHz
WAKEUP# pin
USB Resume
START
Oscillator
PLL
48 MHz
Restart
Delay
div by
2
CLK24
Resume INT
8051
Signal
Resume
(USBCS.0)
Figure 11-3. EZ-USB Resume Sequence
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 11. EZ-USB Power Management
Page 11-3
The EZ-USB oscillator re-starts when:
•
USB bus activity resumes (shown as “USB Resume” in Figure 11-3), or
•
External logic asserts the EZ-USB WAKEUP# pin low.
After an oscillator stabilization time, the EZ-USB core asserts the 8051 Resume interrupt
(Figure 9-1). This causes the 8051 to exit its idle mode. The Resume interrupt is the highest priority 8051 interrupt. It is always enabled, unaffected by the EA bit.
The resume ISR clears the interrupt request flag, and executes an “reti” (return from interrupt) instruction. This causes the 8051 to continue program execution at the instruction
following the one that set PCON.0 to initiate the suspend operation.
About the ‘Resume’ Interrupt
The 8051 enters the idle mode when PCON.0 is set to “1.” Although the 8051 exits its
idle state when any interrupt occurs, the EZ-USB logic supports only the RESUME interrupt for the USB resume operation. This is because the EZ-USB core asserts this particular interrupt after restarting the 8051 clock.
11.4
Remote Wakeup
USBCS
USB Control and Status
7FD6
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
WAKESRC
-
-
-
DISCON
DISCOE
RENUM
SIGRSUME
Figure 11-4. USB Control and Status Register
Two bits in the USBCS register are used for remote wakeup, WAKESRC and SIGRSUME.
After exiting the idle state, the 8051 reads the WAKESRC bit in the USBCS register to
discover how the wakeup was initiated. WAKESRC=1 indicates assertion of the
WAKEUP# pin, and WAKESRC=0 indicates a resumption of USB bus activity. The 8051
clears the WAKESRC bit by writing a “1” to it.
Page 11-4
Chapter 11. EZ-USB Power Management
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Note
If your design does not use remote wakeup, tie the WAKEUP# pin high. Holding the
WAKEUP# pin low inhibits the EZ-USB chip from suspending.
When a USB device is suspended, the hub driver is tri-stated, and the bus pullup and pulldown resistors cause the bus to assume the “J,” or idle state. A suspended device signals a
remote wakeup by asserting the “K” state for 10-15 ms. The 8051 controls this using the
SIGRSUME bit in the USBCS register.
If the 8051 finds WAKESRC=1 after exiting the idle mode, it drives the “K” state for 1015 ms to signal the USB remote wakeup. It does this by setting SIGRSUME=1, waiting
10-15 ms, and then setting SIGRSUME=0. When SIGRSUME=0, the EZ-USB bus buffer
reverts to normal operation. The resume routine should also write a “1” to the WAKESRC
bit to clear it.
J and K States
The USB Specification uses differential data signals D+ and D-. Instead of defining a
logical “1” and “0,” it defines the “J” and “K” states. For a high speed device, the “J”
state means (D+ > D-).
The USB Default device does not support remote wakeup. This fact is reported at enumeration time in byte 7 of the built-in Configuration Descriptor (Table 5-10).
Remote Wakeup: The Big Picture
Additional factors besides the EZ-USB suspend-resume mechanism described in this
section determine whether remote wakeup is possible. These are:
1.
The device must report that it is capable of signaling a remote wakeup in the “bAttributes” field of its Configuration Descriptor. See Table 5-10 for an example of this
descriptor.
2.
The host must issue a “Set_Feature/Device” request with the feature selector field
set to 0x01 to enable remote wakeup. See Table 7-6 for the detailed request.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 11. EZ-USB Power Management
Page 11-5
Page 11-6
Chapter 11. EZ-USB Power Management
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
12 EZ-USB Registers
12.1
Introduction
This section describes the EZ-USB registers in the order they appear in the EZ-USB memory map. The registers are named according to the following conventions.
Most registers deal with endpoints. The general register format is DDDnFFF, where:
DDD is endpoint direction, IN or OUT with respect to the USB host.
n
is the endpoint number, where:
FFF
•
“07” refers to endpoints 0-7 as a group.
•
0-7 refers to each individual BULK/INTERRUPT/CONTROL endpoint.
•
“ISO” indicates isochronous endpoints as a group.
is the function, where:
•
CS is a control and status register
•
IRQ is an Interrupt Request bit
•
IE is an Interrupt Enable bit
•
BC, BCL, and BCH are byte count registers. BC is used for single byte counts,
and BCL/H are used as the low and high bytes of 16-bit byte counts.
•
DATA is a single-register access to a FIFO.
•
BUF is the start address of a buffer.
Examples:
•
IN7BC is the Endpoint 7 IN byte count.
•
OUT07IRQ is the register containing interrupt request bits for OUT endpoints 0-7.
•
INISOVAL contains valid bits for the isochronous IN endpoints (EP8IN-EP15IN).
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-1
Other Conventions
USB
ADDR
VAL
FRAME
PTR
Indicates a global (not endpoint-specific) USB function.
Is an address.
Means “valid.”
Is a frame count.
Is an address pointer.
Register Name
Register Function
Address
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
bitname
bitname
bitname
bitname
bitname
bitname
bitname
bitname
R, W access
R, W access
R, W access
R, W access
R, W access
R, W access
R, W access
R, W access
Default val
Default val
Default val
Default val
Default val
Default val
Default val
Default val
Figure 12-1. Register Description Format
Figure 12-1 illustrates the register description format used in this chapter.
•
The top line shows the register name, functional description, and address in the
EZ-USB memory.
•
The second line shows the bit position in the register.
•
The third line shows the name of each bit in the register.
•
The fourth line shows 8051 accessibility: R(ead), W(rite), or R/W.
•
The fifth line shows the default value. These values apply after a Power-On-Reset
(POR).
Page 12-2
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
12.2
Bulk Data Buffers
INnBUF,OUTnBUF
Endpoint 0-7 IN/OUT Data Buffers
1B40-1F3F*
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
* See Table 12-1 for individual endpoint buffer addresses.
Figure 12-2. Bulk Data Buffers
Table 12-1. Bulk Endpoint Buffer Memory Addresses
Address
Address
Name
Size
1F00-1F3F
7F00-7F3F
IN0BUF
64
1EC0-1EFF
7EC0-7EFF
OUT0BUF
64
1E80-1EBF
7E80-7EBF
IN1BUF
64
1E40-1E7F
7E40-7E7F
OUT1BUF
64
1E00-1E3F
7E00-7E3F
IN2BUF
64
1DC0-1DFF
7DC0-7DFF
OUT2BUF
64
1D80-1DBF
7D80-7DBF
IN3BUF
64
1D40-1D7F
7D40-7D7F
OUT3BUF
64
1D00-1D3F
7D00-7D3F
IN4BUF
64
1CC0-1CFF
7CC0-7CFF
OUT4BUF
64
1C80-1CBF
7C80-7CBF
IN5BUF
64
1C40-1C7F
7C40-7C7F
OUT5BUF
64
1C00-1C3F
7C00-7C3F
IN6BUF
64
1BC0-1BFF
7BC0-7BFF
OUT6BUF
64
1B80-1BBF
7B80-7BBF
IN7BUF
64
1B40-1B7F
7B40-7B7F
OUT7BUF
64
Sixteen 64-byte bulk data buffers appear at 0x1B40 and 0x7B40 in the 8K version of EZUSB, and only at 0x7B40 in the 32K version of EZ-USB. The endpoints are ordered to
permit the reuse of the buffer space as contiguous RAM when the higher numbered endpoints are not used. These registers default to unknown states.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-3
12.3
Isochronous Data FIFOs
OUTnDATA
EP8OUT-EP15OUT FIFO Registers
7F60-7F67*
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
INnDATA
EP8IN-EP15IN FIFO Registers
7F68-7F6F*
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
* See Table 12-2 for individual endpoint buffer addresses.
Figure 12-3. Isochronous Data FIFOs
Table 12-2. Isochronous Endpoint FIFO Register Addresses
Page 12-4
Address
Isochronous Data
Name
7F60
Endpoint 8 OUT Data
OUT8DATA
7F61
Endpoint 9 OUT Data
OUT9DATA
7F62
Endpoint 10 OUT Data
OUT10DATA
7F63
Endpoint 11 OUT Data
OUT11DATA
7F64
Endpoint 12 OUT Data
OUT12DATA
7F65
Endpoint 13 OUT Data
OUT13DATA
7F66
Endpoint 14 OUT Data
OUT14DATA
7F67
Endpoint 15 OUT Data
OUT15DATA
7F68
Endpoint 8 IN Data
IN8DATA
7F69
Endpoint 9 IN Data
IN9DATA
7F6A
Endpoint 10 IN Data
IN10DATA
7F6B
Endpoint 11 IN Data
IN11DATA
7F6C
Endpoint 12 IN Data
IN12DATA
7F6D
Endpoint 13 IN Data
IN13DATA
7F6E
Endpoint 14 IN Data
IN14DATA
7F6F
Endpoint 15 IN Data
IN15DATA
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Sixteen addressable data registers hold data from the eight isochronous IN endpoints and
the eight isochronous OUT endpoints. Reading a Data Register reads a Receive FIFO
byte (USB OUT data); writing a Data Register loads a Transmit FIFO byte (USB IN data).
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-5
12.4
Isochronous Byte Counts
OUTnBCH
OUT(8-15) Byte Count High
7F70-7F7F*
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
0
0
0
0
0
0
BC9
BC8
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
INnBCL
OUT(8-15) Byte Count Low
7F70-7F7F*
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
BC7
BC6
BC5
BC4
BC3
BC2
BC1
BC0
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
* See Table 12-3 for individual endpoint buffer addresses.
Figure 12-4. Isochronous Byte Counts
Table 12-3. Isochronous Endpoint Byte Count Register Addresses
Page 12-6
Address
Isochronous Data
Name
7F70
Endpoint 8 Byte Count High
OUT8BCH
7F71
Endpoint 8 Byte Count Low
OUT8BCL
7F72
Endpoint 9 Byte Count High
OUT9BCH
7F73
Endpoint 9 Byte Count Low
OUT9BCL
7F74
Endpoint 10 Byte Count High
OUT10BCH
7F75
Endpoint 10 Byte Count Low
OUT10BCL
7F76
Endpoint 11 Byte Count High
OUT11BCH
7F77
Endpoint 11 Byte Count Low
OUT11BCL
7F78
Endpoint 12 Byte Count High
OUT12BCH
7F79
Endpoint 12 Byte Count Low
OUT12BCL
7F7A
Endpoint 13 Byte Count High
OUT13BCH
7F7B
Endpoint 13 Byte Count Low
OUT13BCL
7F7C
Endpoint 14 Byte Count High
OUT14BCH
7F7D
Endpoint 14 Byte Count Low
OUT14BCL
7F7E
Endpoint 15 Byte Count High
OUT15BCH
7F7F
Endpoint 15 Byte Count Low
OUT15BCL
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
The EZ-USB core uses the byte count registers to report isochronous data payload sizes
for OUT data transferred from the host to the USB core. Ten bits of byte count data allow
payload sizes up to 1,023 bytes. A byte count of zero is valid, meaning that the host sent
no isochronous data during the previous frame. The default values of these registers are
unknown.
Byte counts are valid only for OUT endpoints. The byte counts indicate the number of
bytes remaining in the endpoint’s Receive FIFO. Every time the 8051 reads a byte from
the ISODATA register, the byte count decrements by one.
To read USB OUT data, the 8051 first reads byte count registers OUTnBCL and OUTnBCH to determine how many bytes to transfer out of the OUT FIFO. (The 8051 can also
quickly test ISO output endpoints for zero byte counts using the ZBCOUT register.)
Then, the CPU reads that number of bytes from the ISODATA register. Separate byte
counts are maintained for each endpoint, so the CPU can read the FIFOs in a discontinuous manner. For example, if EP8 indicates a byte count of 100, and EP9 indicates a byte
count of 50, the CPU could read 50 bytes from EP8, then read 10 bytes from EP9, and
resume reading EP8. At this moment the byte count for EP8 would read 50.
There are no byte count registers for the IN endpoints. The USB core automatically tracks
the number of bytes loaded by the 8051.
If the 8051 does not load an IN isochronous endpoint FIFO during a 1-ms frame, and the
host requests data from that endpoint during the next frame (IN token), the USB Core
responds according to the setting of the ISOSEND0 bit (USBPAIR.7). If ISOSEND0=1,
the core returns a zero-length data packet in response to the host IN token. If ISOSEND=0, the core does not respond to the IN token.
It is the responsibility of the 8051 programmer to ensure that the number of bytes written
to the IN FIFO does not exceed the maximum packet size as reported during enumeration.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-7
12.5
CPU Registers
CPUCS
CPU Control and Status
7F92
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
RV3
RV2
RV1
RV0
0
0
CLK24OE
8051RES
R
R
R
R
R
R
R/W
R
RV3
RV2
RV1
RV0
0
0
1
1
Figure 12-5. CPU Control and Status Register
This register enables the CLK24 output and permits the host to reset the 8051 using a
Firmware Download.
Bit 7-4:
RV[3..0]
Silicon Revision
These register bits define the silicon revision. Consult individual Cypress Semiconductor
data sheets for values.
Bit 1:
CLK24OE
Output enable - CLK24 pin
When this bit is set to 1, the internal 24-MHz clock is connected to the EZ-USB CLK24
pin. When this bit is 0, the CLK24 pin drives HI. This bit can be written by the 8051 only.
Bit 0:
8051RES
8051 reset
The USB host writes “1” to this bit to reset the 8051, and “0” to run the 8051. Only the
USB host can write this bit.
Page 12-8
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
12.6
Port Configuration
PORTACFG
IO Port A Configuration
7F93
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
RxD1OUT
RxD0OUT
FRD
FWR
CS
OE
T1OUT
T0OUT
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
PORTBCFG
IO Port B Configuration
7F94
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
T2OUT
INT6
INT5
INT4
TXD1
RXD1
T2EX
T2
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
PORTCCFG
IO Port C Configuration
7F95
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
RD
WR
T1
T0
INT1
INT0
TXD0
RXD0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Figure 12-6. IO Port Configuration Registers
These three registers control the three IO ports on the EZ-USB chip. They select between
IO ports and various alternate functions. They are read/write by the 8051.
When PORTnCFG=0, the port pin functions as IO, using the OUT, PINS, and OE control
bits. Data written to an OUTn registers appears on an IO Port pin if the corresponding
output enable bit (OEn) is HI.
When PORTnCFG=1, the pin assumes the alternate function shown in Table 12-4 on the
following page.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-9
Table 12-4. IO Pin Alternate Functions
Page 12-10
I/O
Name
Alternate Functions
PA0
T0OUT
Timer 0 Output
PA1
T1OUT
Timer 1 Output
PA2
OE#
External Memory Output Enable
PA3
CS#
External Memory Chip Select
PA4
FWR#
Fast Access Write Strobe
PA5
FRD#
Fast Access Read Strobe
PA6
RXD0OUT
Mode 0: UART0 Synchronous Data Output
PA7
RXD1OUT
Mode 0: UART1 Synchronous Data Output
PB0
T2
PB1
T2EX
Timer/Counter 2 Capture/Reload Input
Timer/Counter 2 Clock Input
PB2
RxD1
Serial Port 1 Input
PB3
TxD1
Mode 0: Clock Output
Modes 1-3: Serial Port 1 Data Output
PB4
INT4
INT4 Interrupt Request
PB5
INT5#
INT5 Interrupt Request
PB6
INT6
INT6 Interrupt Request
PB7
T2OUT
PC0
RxD0
Serial Port 0 Input
PC1
TxD0
Mode 0: Clock Output
Modes 1-3: Serial Port 0 Data Output
PC2
INT0#
INT0 Interrupt Request
PC3
INT1#
INT1 Interrupt Request
PC4
T0
Timer/Counter 0 External Input
PC5
T1
Timer/Counter 1 External Input
PC6
WR#
External Memory Write Strobe
PC7
RD#
External Memory Read Strobe
Timer/Counter 2 Overflow Indication
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
12.7
Input-Output Port Registers
OUTA
Port A Outputs
7F96
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
OUTA7
OUTA6
OUTA5
OUTA4
OUTA3
OUTA2
OUTA1
OUTA0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
OUTB
Port B Outputs
7F97
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
OUTB7
OUTB6
OUTB5
OUTB4
OUTB3
OUTB2
OUTB1
OUTB0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
OUTC
Port C Outputs
7F98
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
OUTC7
OUTC6
OUTC5
OUTC4
OUTC3
OUTC2
OUTC1
OUTC0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Figure 12-7. Output Port Configuration Registers
The OUTn registers provide the data that drives the port pin when OE=1 and the PORTnCFG pin is 0. If the port pin is selected a an input (OE=0), the value stored in the corresponding OUTn bit is stored in an output latch but not used.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-11
PINSA
Port A Pins
7F99
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
PINA7
PINA6
PINA5
PINA4
PINA3
PINA2
PINA1
PINA0
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
PINSB
Port B Pins
7F9A
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
PINB7
PINB6
PINB5
PINB4
PINB3
PINB2
PINB1
PINB0
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
OUTC
Port C Pins
7F98
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
PINC7
PINC6
PINC5
PINC4
PINC3
PINC2
PINC1
PINC0
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Figure 12-8. PINSn Registers
The PINSn registers contain the current value of the port pins, whether they are selected as
IO ports or alternate functions.
Page 12-12
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
OEA
Port A Output Enable
7F9C
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
OEA7
OEA6
OEA5
OEA4
OEA3
OEA2
OEA1
OEA0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
OEB
Port B Output Enable
7F9D
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
OEB7
OEB6
OEB5
OEB4
OEB3
OEB2
OEB1
OEB0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
OEC
Port C Output Enable
7F9E
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
OEC7
OEC6
OEC5
OEC4
OEC3
OEC2
OEC1
OEC0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Figure 12-9. Output Enable Registers
The OE registers control the output enables on the tri-state drivers connected to the port
pins. When these bits are “1,” the port is an output, unless the corresponding PORTnCFG
bit is set to a “1.”
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-13
12.8
230-Kbaud UART Operation - AN2122, AN2126
UART230
230-Kbaud UART Control
7F9F
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
-
-
-
-
-
-
UART1
UART0
R
R
R
R
R
R
R/W
R/W
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Figure 12-10. 230-Kbaud UART Operation Register
Bit 1:
UART1
Universal 115/230 Kbaud operation for UART1
Bit 0:
UART0
Universal 115/230 Kbaud operation for UART0
These bits, when set to “1,” connect an internal 3.69-MHz clock to UART0 and/or
UART1. The UARTs divide this frequency by 16, giving a 230-KHz baud clock if the corresponding SMOD bit is set, or 115 baud clock if the corresponding SMOD bit is clear.
(NOTE: SMOD0 is bit 7 or SFR 0x87, SMOD1 is bit 7 or SFR 0xD8). When the UART0
or UART1 bit is clear, the normal UART clock sources are used.
12.9
Isochronous Control/Status Registers
ISOERR
Isochronous OUT EP Error
7FA0
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
ISO15ERR
ISO14ERR
ISO13ERR
ISO12ERR
ISO11ERR
ISO10ERR
ISO9ERR
ISO8ERR
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Figure 12-11. Isochronous OUT Endpoint Error Register
The ISOERR bits are updated at every SOF. They indicate that a CRC error was received
on a data packet for the current frame. The ISOERR bit status refers to the USB data
received in the previous frame, and which is currently in the endpoint’s OUT FIFO. If the
ISOERR bit = 1, indicating a bad CRC check, the data is still available in the OUTnDATA
register.
Page 12-14
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
ISOCTL
Isochronous Control
7FA1
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
-
-
-
-
PPSTAT
MBZ
MBZ
ISODISAB
R
R
R
R
R
R/W
R/W
R/W
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Figure 12-12. Isochronous Control Register
Bit 3:
PPSTAT
Ping-Pong Status
This bit indicates the isochronous buffer currently in use by the EZ-USB core. It is used
only for diagnostic purposes.
Bits 2,1:
MBZ
Must be zero
These bits must always be written with zeros.
Bit 0:
ISODISAB
ISO Endpoints Disable
ISODISAB=0 enables all 16 isochronous endpoints
ISODISAB=1 disables all 16 isochronous endpoints, making the 2,048 bytes of isochronous FIFO memory available as 8051 data memory at 0x2000-0x27FF.
ZBCOUT
Zero Byte Count Bits
7FA2
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
EP15
EP14
EP13
EP12
EP11
EP10
EP9
EP8
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Figure 12-13. Zero Byte Count Register
Bits 0-7:
EP(n)
Zero Byte Count for ISO OUT Endpoints
The 8051 can check these bits as a fast way to check all of the OUT isochronous endpoints
at once for no data received during the previous frame. A “1” in any bit position means
that a zero byte Isochronous OUT packet was received for the indicated endpoint.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-15
12.10 I2C Registers
I2CS
7FA5
I2C Control and Status
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
START
STOP
LASTRD
ID1
ID0
BERR
ACK
DONE
R/W
R/W
R/W
R
R
R
R
R
0
0
0
x
x
0
0
0
I2DAT
7FA6
I2C Data
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Figure 12-14. I2C Transfer Registers
The 8051 uses these registers to transfer data over the EZ-USB I2C bus.
Bit 7:
START
Signal START condition
The 8051 sets the START bit to “1” to prepare an I2C bus transfer. If START=1, the next
8051 load to I2DAT will generate the start condition followed by the serialized byte of
data in I2DAT. The 8051 loads byte data into I2DAT after setting the START bit. The I2C
controller clears the START bit during the ACK interval.
Bit 6:
STOP
Signal STOP condition
The 8051 sets STOP=1 to terminate an I2C bus transfer. The I2C controller clears the
STOP bit after completing the STOP condition. If the 8051 sets the STOP bit during a
byte transfer, the STOP condition will be generated immediately following the ACK phase
of the byte transfer. If no byte transfer is occurring when the STOP bit is set, the STOP
condition will be carried out immediately on the bus. Data should not be written to I2CS
or I2DAT until the STOP bit returns low.
Page 12-16
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Bit 5:
LASTRD
Last Data Read
To read data over the I2C bus, an I2C master floats the SDA line and issues clock pulses on
the SCL line. After every eight bits, the master drives SDA low for one clock to indicate
ACK. To signal the last byte of the read transfer, the master floats SDA at ACK time to
instruct the slave to stop sending. This is controlled by the 8051 by setting LastRD=1
before reading the last byte of a read transfer. The I2C controller clears the LastRD bit at
the end of the transfer (at ACK time).
Note
Setting LastRD does not automatically generate a STOP condition. The 8051 should
also set the STOP bit at the end of a read transfer.
Bit 4-3:
ID1,ID0
Boot EEPROM ID
These bits are set by the boot loader to indicate whether an 8-bit address or 16-bit address
EEPROM at slave address 000 or 001 was detected at power-on. Normally, they are used
for debug purposes only.
Bit 2:
BERR
Bus Error
This bit indicates an I2C bus error. BERR=1 indicates that there was bus contention,
which results when an outside device drives the bus LO when it shouldn’t, or when
another bus master wins arbitration, taking control of the bus. BERR is cleared when
8051 reads or writes the IDATA register.
Bit 1:
ACK
Acknowledge bit
Every ninth SCL or a write transfer the slave indicates reception of the byte by asserting
ACK. The EZ-USB controller floats SDA during this time, samples the SDA line, and
updates the ACK bit with the complement of the detected value. ACK=1 indicates
acknowledge, and ACK=0 indicates not-acknowledge. The EZ-USB core updates the
ACK bit at the same time it sets DONE=1. The ACK bit should be ignored for read transfers on the bus.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-17
Bit 0:
I2C Transfer DONE
DONE
The I2C controller sets this bit whenever it completes a byte transfer, right after the ACK
stage. The controller also generates an I2C interrupt request (8051 INT3) when it sets the
DONE bit. The I2C controller automatically clears the DONE bit and the I2C interrupt
request bit whenever the 8051 reads or writes the I2DAT register.
I2CMODE
7FA7
I2C Mode
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
0
0
0
0
0
0
STOPIE
0
R
R
R
R
R
R
R/W
R
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Figure 12-15. I2C Mode Register
The I2C interrupt includes one additional interrupt source in the AN2122/AN2126, a 1-0
transition of the STOP bit. To enable this interrupt, set the STOPIE bit in the I2CMODE
register. The 8051 determines the interrupt source by checking the DONE and STOP bits
in the I2CS register.
Page 12-18
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
12.11 Interrupts
IVEC
Interrupt Vector
7FA8
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
0
IV4
IV3
IV2
IV1
IV0
0
0
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Figure 12-16. Interrupt Vector Register
IVEC indicates the source of an interrupt from the USB Core. When the USB core generates an INT2 (USB) interrupt request, it updates IVEC to indicate the source of the interrupt. The interrupt sources are encoded on IV[4..0] as shown in Figure 9-2.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-19
IN07IRQ
Endpoint 0-7 IN Interrupt Request
7FA9
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
IN7IR
IN6IR
IN5IR
IN4IR
IN3IR
IN2IR
IN1IR
IN0IR
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
OUT07IRQ
Endpoint 0-7 OUT Interrupt Requests
7FAA
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
OUT7IR
OUT6IR
OUT5IR
OUT4IR
OUT3IR
OUT2IR
OUT1IR
OUT0IR
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Figure 12-17. IN/OUT Interrupt Request (IRQ) Registers
These interrupt request (IRQ) registers indicate the pending interrupts for each bulk endpoint. An interrupt request (IR) bit becomes active when the BSY bit for an endpoint
makes a transition from one to zero (the endpoint becomes un-busy, giving access to the
8051). The IR bits function independently of the Interrupt Enable (IE) bits, so interrupt
requests are held whether or not the interrupts are enabled.
The 8051 clears an interrupt request bit by writing a “1” to it (see the following Note).
Note
Do not clear an IRQ bit by reading an IRQ register, ORing its contents with a bit mask,
and writing back the IRQ register. This will clear ALL pending interrupts. Instead, simply write the bit mask value (with the IRQ you want to clear) directly to the IRQ register.
Page 12-20
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
USBIRQ
USB Interrupt Request
7FAB
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
-
-
IBNIR*
URESIR
SUSPIR
SUTOKIR
SOFIR
SUDAVIR
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
* AN2122/AN2126 only.
Figure 12-18. USB Interrupt Request (IRQ) Registers
USBIRQ indicates the interrupt request status of the USB reset, suspend, setup token, start
of frame, and setup data available interrupts.
Bit 5:
IBNIR
IN Bulk NAK Interrupt Request
This bit is in the AN2122 and AN2126 versions only. The EZ-USB core sets this bit when
any of the IN bulk endpoints responds to an IN token with a NAK. This interrupt occurs
when the host sends an IN token to a bulk IN endpoint which has not been armed by the
8051 writing its byte count register. Individual enables and requests (per endpoint) are
controlled by the IBNIRQ and IBNIEN registers (7FB0, 7FB1).
Bit 4:
URESIR
USB Reset Interrupt Request
The EZ-USB core sets this bit to “1” when it detects a USB bus reset.
Because this bit can change state while the 8051 is in reset, it may be active when the 8051
comes out of reset, although it is reset to “0” by a power-on reset. Write a “1” to this bit to
clear the interrupt request. See Chapter 10, "EZ-USB Resets" for more information about
this bit.
Bit 3:
SUSPIR
USB Suspend Interrupt Request
The EZ-USB core sets this bit to “1” when it detects USB SUSPEND signaling (no bus
activity for 3 ms). Write a “1” to this bit to clear the interrupt request.
Because this bit can change state while the 8051 is in reset, it may be active when the 8051
comes out of reset, although it is reset to “0” by a power-on reset. See Chapter 11, "EZUSB Power Management" for more information about this bit.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-21
Bit 2:
SUTOKIR
SETUP Token Interrupt Request
The EZ-USB core sets this bit to “1” when it receives a SETUP token. Write a “1” to this
bit to clear the interrupt request. See Chapter 7, "EZ-USB Endpoint Zero" for more information on the handling of SETUP tokens.
Because this bit can change state while the 8051 is in reset, it may be active when the 8051
comes out of reset, although it is reset to “0” by a power-on reset.
Bit 1:
SOFIR
Start of frame Interrupt Request
The EZ-USB core sets this bit to “1” when it receives a SOF packet. Write a “1” to this bit
to clear the interrupt condition.
Because this bit can change state while the 8051 is in reset, it may be active when the 8051
comes out of reset, although it is reset to “0” by a power-on reset.
Bit 0:
SUDAVIR
SETUP data available Interrupt Request
The EZ-USB core sets this bit to “1” when it has transferred the eight data bytes from an
endpoint zero SETUP packet into internal registers (at SETUPDAT). Write a “1” to this
bit to clear the interrupt condition.
Because this bit can change state while the 8051 is in reset, it may be active when the 8051
comes out of reset, although it is reset to “0” by a power-on reset.
Page 12-22
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
IN07EN
Endpoint 0-7 IN Interrupt Enables
7FAC
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
IN7IEN
IN6IEN
IN5IEN
IN4IEN
IN3IEN
IN2IEN
IN1IEN
IN0IEN
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
OUT07IEN
Endpoint 0-7 OUT Interrupt Enables
7FAD
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
OUT7IEN
OUT6IEN
OUT5IEN
OUT4IEN
OUT3IEN
OUT2IEN
OUT1IEN
OUT0IEN
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Figure 12-19. IN/OUT Interrupt Enable Registers
The Endpoint Interrupt Enable registers define which endpoints have active interrupts.
They do not affect the endpoint action, only the generation of an interrupt in response to
endpoint events.
When the IEN bit for an endpoint is “0,” the interrupt request bit for that endpoint is
ignored, but saved. When the IEN bit for an endpoint is “1,” any IRQ bit equal to “1” generates an 8051 INT2 request.
Note
The INT2 interrupt (EIE.0) and the 8051 global interrupt enable (EA) must be enabled
for the endpoint interrupts to propagate to the 8051. Once the INT2 interrupt is active, it
must be cleared by software.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-23
USBIEN
USB Interrupt Enable
7FAE
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
-
-
IBNIE*
URESIE
SUSPIE
SUTOKIE
SOFIE
SUDAVIE
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
* AN2122/AN2126 only.
Figure 12-20. USB Interrupt Enable Register
USBIEN bits gate the interrupt request to the 8051 for USB reset, suspend, SETUP token,
start of frame, and SETUP data available.
Bit 5:
IBNIE
IN bulk NAK Interrupt Enable
This bit is in the AN2122 and AN2126 versions only. The 8051 sets this bit to enable the
IN-bulk-NAK interrupt. This interrupt occurs when the host sends an IN token to a bulk
IN endpoint which has not been armed by the 8051 writing its byte count register. Individual enables and requests (per endpoint) are controlled by the IBNIRQ and IBNIEN registers (7FB0, 7FB1).
Bit 4:
URESIE
USB Reset Interrupt Enable
This bit is the interrupt mask for the URESIR bit. When this bit is “1,” the interrupt is
enabled, when it is “0,” the interrupt is disabled.
Bit 3:
SUSPIE
USB Suspend Interrupt Enable
This bit is the interrupt mask for the SUSPIR bit. When this bit is “1,” the interrupt is
enabled, when it is “0,” the interrupt is disabled.
Bit 2:
SUTOKIE
SETUP Token Interrupt Enable
This bit is the interrupt mask for the SUTOKIR bit. When this bit is “1,” the interrupt is
enabled, when it is “0,” the interrupt is disabled.
Page 12-24
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Bit 1:
SOFIE
Start of frame Interrupt Enable
This bit is the interrupt mask for the SOFIE bit. When this bit is “1,” the interrupt is
enabled, when it is “0,” the interrupt is disabled.
Bit 0:
SUDAVIE
SETUP data available Interrupt Enable
This bit is the interrupt mask for the SUDAVIE bit. When this bit is “1,” the interrupt is
enabled, when it is “0,” the interrupt is disabled.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-25
USBBAV
Breakpoint and Autovector
7FAF
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
-
-
-
-
BREAK
BPPULSE
BPEN
AVEN
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Figure 12-21. Breakpoint and Autovector Register
Bit 3:
BREAK
Breakpoint enable
The BREAK bit is set when the 8051 address bus matches the address held in the bit
breakpoint address registers (next page). The BKPT pin reflects the state of this bit. The
8051 writes a “1” to the BREAK bit to clear it. It is not necessary to clear the BREAK bit
if the pulse mode bit (BPPULSE) is set.
Bit 2:
BPPULSE
Breakpoint pulse mode
The 8051 sets this bit to “1” to pulse the BREAK bit (and BKPT pin) high for 8 CLK24
cycles when the 8051 address bus matches the address held in the breakpoint address registers. when this bit is set to “0,” the BREAK bit (and BKPT pin) remains high until it is
cleared by the 8051.
Bit 1:
BPEN
Breakpoint enable
If this bit is “1,” a BREAK signal is generated whenever the 16-bit address lines match the
value in the Breakpoint Address Registers (BPADDRH/L). The behavior of the BREAK
bit and associated BKPT pin signal is either latched or pulsed, depending on the state of
the BPPULSE bit.
Bit 0:
AVEN
Auto-vector enable
If this bit is “1,” the EZ-USB Auto-vector feature is enabled. If it is 0, the auto-vector feature is disabled. See Chapter 9, "EZ-USB Interrupts" for more information on the autovector feature.
Page 12-26
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
IBNIRQ
IN Bulk NAK Interrupt Requests
7FB0
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
-
EP6IN
EP5IN
EP4IN
EP3IN
EP2IN
EP1IN
EP0IN
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
* AN2122/AN2126 only.
Figure 12-22. IN Bulk NAK Interrupt Request Register
These bits are set when a bulk IN endpoint (0-6) received an IN token while the endpoint
was not armed for data transfer. In this case the SIE automatically sends a NAK response,
and sets the corresponding IBNIRQ bit. If the IBN interrupt is enabled (USBIEN.5=1),
and the endpoint interrupt is enabled in the IBNIEN register, an interrupt is request generated. The 8051 can test the IBNIRQ register to determine which of the endpoints caused
the interrupt. The 8051 clears an IBNIRQ bit by writing a “1” to it.
IBNIEN
IN Bulk NAK Interrupt Enables
7FB1
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
-
EP6IN
EP5IN
EP4IN
EP3IN
EP2IN
EP1IN
EP0IN
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
0
0
0
0
0
0
Figure 12-23. IN Bulk NAK Interrupt Enable Register
Each of the individual IN endpoints may be enabled for an IBN interrupt using the IBNEN
register. The 8051 sets an interrupt enable bit to 1 to enable the corresponding interrupt.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-27
BPADDRH
Breakpoint Address High
7FB2
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
A15
A14
A13
A12
A11
A10
A9
A8
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
BPADDRL
Breakpoint Address Low
7FB3
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Figure 12-24. IN/OUT Interrupt Enable Registers
When the current 16-bit address (code or xdata) matches the BPADDRH/BPADDRL
address, a breakpoint event occurs. The BPPULSE and BPEN bits in the USBBAV register control the action taken on a breakpoint event.
If the BPEN bit is “0,” address breakpoints are ignored. If BPEN is “1” and BPPULSE is
“1,” an 8 CLK24 wide pulse appears on the BKPT pin. If BPEN is “1” and BPPULSE is
“0,” the BKPT pin remains active until the 8051 clears the BREAK bit by writing “1” to it.
Page 12-28
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
12.12 Endpoint 0 Control and Status Registers
EP0CS
Endpoint Zero Control and Status
7FB4
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
-
-
-
-
OUTBSY
INBSY
HSNAK
EP0STALL
R
R
R
R
R
R
R/W
R/W
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
IN0BC
Endpoint Zero IN Byte Count
7FB5
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
-
BC6
BC5
BC4
BC3
BC2
BC1
BC0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
OUT0BC
Endpoint Zero OUT Byte Count
7FC5
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
-
BC6
BC5
BC4
BC3
BC2
BC1
BC0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Figure 12-25. Port Configuration Registers
These registers control EZ-USB CONTROL endpoint zero. Because endpoint zero is a bidirectional endpoint, the IN and OUT functionality is controlled by a single control and
status (CS) register, unlike endpoints 1-7, which have separate INCS and OUTCS registers.
Bit 3:
OUTBSY
OUT Endpoint Busy
OUTBSY is a read-only bit that is automatically cleared when a SETUP token arrives.
The 8051 sets the OUTBSY bit by writing a byte count to EPOUTBC.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-29
If the CONTROL transfer uses an OUT data phase, the 8051 must load a dummy byte
count into OUT0BC to arm the OUT endpoint buffer. Until it does, the EZ-USB core will
NAK the OUT tokens.
Bit 2:
INBSY
IN Endpoint Busy
INBSY is a read-only bit that is automatically cleared when a SETUP token arrives. The
8051 sets the INBSY bit by writing a byte count to IN0BC.
If the CONTROL transfer uses an IN data phase, the 8051 loads the requested data into the
IN0BUF buffer, and then loads the byte count into IN0BC to arm the data phase of the
CONTROL transfer. Alternatively, the 8051 can arm the data transfer by loading an
address into the Setup Data Pointer registers SUDPTRH/L. Until armed, the EZ-USB
core will NAK the IN tokens.
Bit 1:
HSNAK
Handshake NAK
HSNAK (Handshake NAK) is a read/write bit that is automatically set when a SETUP
token arrives. The 8051 clears HSNAK by writing a “1” to the register bit.
While HSNAK=1, the EZ-USB core NAKs the handshake (status) phase of the CONTROL transfer. When HSNAK=0, it ACKs the handshake phase. The 8051 can clear
HSNAK at any time during a CONTROL transfer.
Bit 0:
EP0STALL
Endpoint Zero Stall
EP0STALL is a read/write bit that is automatically cleared when a SETUP token arrives.
The 8051 sets EP0STALL by writing a “1” to the register bit.
While EP0STALL=1, the EZ-USB core sends the STALL PID for any IN or OUT token.
This can occur in either the data or handshake phase of the CONTROL transfer.
Note
To indicate an endpoint stall on endpoint zero, set both EP0STALL and HSNAK bits.
Setting the EP0STALL bit alone causes endpoint zero to NAK forever because the host
keeps the control transfer pending.
Page 12-30
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
12.13 Endpoint 1-7 Control and Status Registers
Endpoints 1-7 IN and OUT are used for bulk or interrupt data. Table 12-5 shows the
addresses for the control/status and byte count registers associated with these endpoints.
The bi-directional CONTROL endpoint zero registers are described in Section 12.12,
"Endpoint 0 Control and Status Registers."
Table 12-5. Control and Status Register Addresses for Endpoints 0-7
Address
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Function
Name
7FB4
Control and Status - Endpoint IN0
7FB5
Byte Count - Endpoint IN0
EP0CS
IN0BC
7FB6
Control and Status - Endpoint IN1
IN1CS
7FB7
Byte Count - Endpoint IN1
IN1BC
7FB8
Control and Status - Endpoint IN2
IN2CS
7FB9
Byte Count - Endpoint IN2
IN2BC
7FBA
Control and Status - Endpoint IN3
IN3CS
7FBB
Byte Count - Endpoint IN3
IN3BC
7FBC
Control and Status - Endpoint IN4
IN4CS
7FBD
Byte Count - Endpoint IN4
IN4BC
7FBE
Control and Status - Endpoint IN5
IN5CS
7FBF
Byte Count - Endpoint IN5
IN5BC
7FC0
Control and Status - Endpoint IN6
IN6CS
7FC1
Byte Count - Endpoint IN6
IN6BC
7FC2
Control and Status - Endpoint IN7
IN7CS
7FC3
Byte Count - Endpoint IN7
IN7BC
7FC4
Reserved
7FC5
Byte Count - Endpoint OUT0
OUT0BC
7FC6
Control and Status - Endpoint OUT1
OUT1CS
7FC7
Byte Count - Endpoint OUT1
OUT1BC
7FC8
Control and Status - Endpoint OUT2
OUT2CS
OUT2BC
7FC9
Byte Count - Endpoint OUT2
7FCA
Control and Status - Endpoint OUT3
OU37CS
7FCB
Byte Count - Endpoint OUT3
OUT3BC
7FCC
Control and Status - Endpoint OUT4
OUT4CS
7FCD
Byte Count - Endpoint OUT4
OUT4BC
7FCE
Control and Status - Endpoint OUT5
OUT5CS
7FCF
Byte Count - Endpoint OUT5
OUT5BC
7FD0
Control and Status - Endpoint OUT6
OUT6CS
7FD1
Byte Count - Endpoint OUT6
OUT6BC
7FD2
Control and Status - Endpoint OUT7
OUT7CS
7FD3
Byte Count - Endpoint OUT7
OUT7BC
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-31
INnCS
Endpoint (1-7) IN Control and Status
7FB6-7FC2*
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
-
-
-
-
-
-
INnBSY
INnSTL
R
R
R
R
R
R
R/W
R/W
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
* See Table 12-5 for individual control/status register addresses.
Figure 12-26. IN Control and Status Registers
Bit 1:
INnBSY
IN Endpoint (1-7) Busy
The BSY bit indicates the status of the endpoint’s IN Buffer INnBUF. The EZ-USB core
sets BSY=0 when the endpoint’s IN buffer is empty and ready for loading by the 8051.
The 8051 sets BSY=1 by loading the endpoint’s byte count register.
When BSY=1, the 8051 should not write data to an IN endpoint buffer, because the endpoint FIFO could be in the act of transferring data to the host over the USB. BSY=0 when
the USB IN transfer is complete and endpoint RAM data is available for 8051 access.
USB IN tokens for the endpoint are NAKd while BSY=0 (the 8051 is still loading data
into the endpoint buffer).
A 1-to-0 transition of BSY (indicating that the 8051 can access the buffer) generates an
interrupt request for the IN endpoint. After the 8051 writes the data to be transferred to
the IN endpoint buffer, it loads the endpoint’s byte count register with the number of bytes
to transfer, which automatically sets BSY=1. This enables the IN transfer of data to the
host in response to the next IN token. Again, the CPU should never load endpoint data
while BSY=1.
The 8051 writes a “1” to an IN endpoint busy bit to disarm a previously armed endpoint.
(This sets BSY=0.) The 8051 program should do this only after a USB bus reset, or when
the host selects a new interface or alternate setting that uses the endpoint. This prevents
stale data from a previous setting from being accepted by the host’s first IN transfer that
uses the new setting.
Note:
Even though the register description shows bit 1 as “R/W,” the 8051 can only clear this
bit by writing a “1” to it. The 8051 can not directly set this bit.
To disarm a paired IN endpoint, write a “1” to the busy bit for both endpoints in the pair.
Page 12-32
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Bit 0:
INnSTL
IN Endpoint (1-7) Stall
The 8051 sets this bit to “1” to stall an endpoint, and to “0” to clear a stall.
When the stall bit is “1,” the EZ-USB core returns a STALL Handshake for all requests to
the endpoint. This notifies the host that something unexpected has happened.
The 8051 sets an endpoint’s stall bit under two circumstances:
1. The host sends a “Set_Feature—Endpoint Stall” request to the specific endpoint.
2. The 8051 encounters any show stopper error on the endpoint, and sets the stall bit
to tell the host to halt traffic to the endpoint.
The 8051 clears an endpoint’s stall bit under two circumstances:
1. The host sends a “Clear_Feature--Endpoint Stall” request to the specific endpoint.
2. The 8051 receives some other indication from the host that the stall should be
cleared (this is referred to as “host intervention” in the USB Specification). This
indication could be a USB bus reset.
All stall bits are automatically cleared when the EZ-USB chip ReNumerates by pulsing
the DISCON bit HI.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-33
INnBC
Endpoint (1-7) IN Byte Count
7FB7-7FC3*
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
-
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
* See Table 12-5 for individual byte count register addresses.
Figure 12-27. IN Byte Count Registers
The 8051 writes this register with the number of bytes it loaded into the IN endpoint
buffer INnBUF. Writing this register also arms the endpoint by setting the endpoint BSY
bit to 1.
Legal values for these registers are 0-64. A zero transfer size is used to terminate a transfer that is an integral multiple of MaxPacketSize. For example, a 256-byte transfer with
maxPacketSize = 64, would require four packets of 64 bytes each plus one packet of 0
bytes.
The IN byte count should never be written while the endpoint’s BUSY bit is set.
When the register pairing feature is used (Section 6, "EZ-USB Bulk Transfers") IN2BC is
used for the EP2/EP3 pair, IN4BC is used for the EP4/EP5 pair, and IN6BC is used for the
EP6/EP7 pair. In the paired (double-buffered) mode, after the first write to the even-numbered byte count register, the endpoint BSY bit remains at 0, indicating that only one of
the buffers is full, and the other is still empty. The odd numbered byte count register is not
used when endpoints are paired.
Page 12-34
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
OUTnCS
Endpoint (1-7) OUT Control and Status
7FC6-7FD2*
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
-
-
-
-
-
-
OUTnBSY
OUTnSTL
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R/W
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
* See Table 12-5 for individual control/status register addresses.
Figure 12-28. OUT Control and Status Registers
Bit 1:
OUTnBSY
OUT Endpoint (1-7) Busy
The BSY bit indicates the status of the endpoint’s OUT Buffer OUTnBUF. The EZ-USB
core sets BSY=0 when the host data is available in the OUT buffer. The 8051 sets BSY=1
by loading the endpoint’s byte count register.
When BSY=1, endpoint RAM data is invalid--the endpoint buffer has been emptied by the
8051 and is waiting for new OUT data from the host, or it is the process of being loaded
over the USB. BSY=0 when the USB OUT transfer is complete and endpoint RAM data
in OUTnBUF is available for the 8051 to read. USB OUT tokens for the endpoint are
NAKd while BSY=1 (the 8051 is still reading data from the OUT endpoint).
A 1-to-0 transition of BSY (indicating that the 8051 can access the buffer) generates an
interrupt request for the OUT endpoint. After the 8051 reads the data from the OUT endpoint buffer, it loads the endpoint’s byte count register with any value to re-arm the endpoint, which automatically sets BSY=1. This enables the OUT transfer of data from the
host in response to the next OUT token. The CPU should never read endpoint data while
BSY=1.
Bit 0:
OUTnSTL
OUT Endpoint (1-7) Stall
The 8051 sets this bit to “1” to stall an endpoint, and to “0” to clear a stall.
When the stall bit is “1,” the EZ-USB core returns a STALL Handshake for all requests to
the endpoint. This notifies the host that something unexpected has happened.
The 8051 sets an endpoint’s stall bit under two circumstances:
1. The host sends a “Set_Feature—Endpoint Stall” request to the specific endpoint.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-35
2. The 8051 encounters any show stopper error on the endpoint, and sets the stall bit
to tell the host to halt traffic to the endpoint.
The 8051 clears an endpoint’s stall bit under two circumstances:
1. The host sends a “Clear_Feature—Endpoint Stall” request to the specific endpoint.
2. The 8051 receives some other indication from the host that the stall should be
cleared (this is referred to as “host intervention” in the USB Specification).
All stall bits are automatically cleared when the EZ-USB chip ReNumerates.
OUTnBC
Endpoint (1-7) OUT Byte Count
7FC7-7FD3*
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
-
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R/W
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
* See Table 12-5 for individual control/status register addresses.
Figure 12-29. OUT Byte Count Registers
The 8051 reads this register to determine the number of bytes sent to an OUT endpoint.
Legal sizes are 0 - 64 bytes.
Each EZ-USB bulk OUT endpoint has a byte count register, which serves two purposes.
The 8051 reads the byte count register to determine how many bytes were received during
the last OUT transfer from the host. The 8051 writes the byte count register (with any
value) to tell the EZ-USB core that it has finished reading bytes from the buffer, making
the buffer available to accept the next OUT transfer. Writing the byte count register sets
the endpoint’s BSY bit to “1.”
When the register-pairing feature is used, OUT2BC is used for the EP2/EP3 pair,
OUT4BC is used for the EP4/EP5 pair, and OUT6BC is used for the EP6/EP7 pair. The
odd-numbered byte count registers should not be used. When the 8051 writes a byte to the
even numbered byte count register, the EZ-USB core switches buffers. If the other buffer
already contains data to be read by the 8051, the OUTnBSY bit remains at “0.”
All OUT tokens are NAKd until the 8051 is released from RESET, whereupon the ACK/
NAK behavior is based on pairing.
Page 12-36
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
12.14 Global USB Registers
SUDPTRH
Setup Data Pointer High
7FD4
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
A15
A14
A13
A12
A11
A10
A9
A8
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
SUDPTRL
Setup Data Pointer Low
7FD5
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Figure 12-30. Setup Data Pointer High/Low Registers
When the EZ-USB chip receives a “Get_Descriptor” request on endpoint zero, it can
instruct the EZ-USB core to handle the multi-packet IN transfer by loading these registers
with the address of an internal table containing the descriptor data. The descriptor data
tables may be placed in internal program/data RAM or in unused Endpoint 0-7 RAM. The
SUDPTR does not operate with external memory. The SUDPTR registers should be
loaded in HIGH/LOW order.
In addition to loading SUDPTRL, the 8051 must also clear the HSNAK bit in the EP0CS
register (by writing a “1” to it) to complete the CONTROL transfer.
Note
Any host request that uses the EZ-USB Setup Data Pointer to transfer IN data must indicate the number of bytes to transfer in bytes 6 (wLenghthL) and 7 (wLengthH) of the
SETUP packet. These bytes are pre-assigned in the USB Specification to be length bytes
in all standard device requests such as “Get_Descriptor.” If vendor-specific requests are
used to transfer large blocks of data using the Setup Data Pointer, they must include this
pre-defined length field in bytes 6-7 to tell the EZ-USB core how many bytes to transfer
using the Setup Data Pointer.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-37
USBCS
USB Control and Status
7FD6
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
WAKESRC
-
-
-
DISCON
DISCOE
RENUM
SIGRSUME
R/W
R
R
R
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
Figure 12-31. USB Control and Status Registers
Bit 7:
WAKESRC Wakeup source
This bit indicates that a high to low transaction was detected on the WAKEUP# pin. Writing a “1” to this bit resets it to “0.”
Bit 3:
DISCON
Signal a Disconnect on the DISCON# pin
The EZ-USB DISCON# pin reflects the complement of this bit. This bit is normally set to
0 so that the action of the DISCOE bit (below) either floats the DISCON# pin or drives it
HI.
Bit 2:
DISCOE
Disconnect Output Enable
DISCOE controls the output buffer on the DISCON# pin. When DISCOE=0, the pin
floats, and when DISCOE=1, it drives to the complement of the DISCON bit (above).
DISCOE is used in conjunction with the RENUM bit to perform ReNumeration (Chapter 5, "EZ-USB Enumeration and ReNumeration").
Page 12-38
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Bit 1:
RENUM
ReNumerate
This bit controls which entity, the USB core or the 8051, handles USB device requests.
When RENUM=0, the EZ-USB core handles all device requests. When RENUM=1, the
8051 handles all device requests except Set_Address.
The 8051 sets RENUM=1 during a bus disconnect to transfer USB control to the 8051.
The EZ-USB core automatically sets RENUM=1 under two conditions:
1. Completion of a “B2” boot load (Chapter 5, "EZ-USB Enumeration and ReNumeration").
2. When external memory is used (EA=1) and no boot I2C EEPROM is used (see
Section 10.3.3, "External ROM").
Bit 0:
SIGRSUME Signal remote device resume
The 8051 sets SIGRSUME=1 to drive the “K” state onto the USB bus. This should be
done only by a device that is capable of remote wakeup, and then only during the SUSPEND state. To signal RESUME, the 8051 sets SIGRSUME=1, waits 10-15 ms, then sets
SIGRSUME=0.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-39
TOGCTL
Data Toggle Control
7FD7
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
Q
S
R
IO
0
EP2
EP1
EP0
R
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Figure 12-32. Data Toggle Control Register
Bit 7:
Q
Data Toggle Value
Q=0 indicates DATA0 and Q=1 indicates DATA1, for the endpoint selected by the IO and
EP[2..0] bits. The 8051 writes the endpoint select bits (IO and EP[2..0]), before reading
this value.
Bit 6:
S
Set Data Toggle to DATA1
After selecting the desired endpoint by writing the endpoint select bits (IO and EP[2..0])
the 8051 sets S=1 to set the data toggle to DATA1. The endpoint selection bits should not
be changed while this bit is written.
Note
At this writing there is no known reason to set an endpoint data toggle to 1. This bit is
provided for generality and testing only.
Bit 5:
R
Set Data Toggle to DATA0
After selecting the desired endpoint by writing the endpoint select bits (IO and EP[2..0])
the 8051 sets R=1 to set the data toggle to DATA0. The endpoint selection bits should not
be changed while this bit is written. For advice on when to reset the data toggle, see Chapter 7, "EZ-USB Endpoint Zero."
Bit 4:
IO
Select IN or OUT endpoint
The 8051 sets this bit to select an endpoint direction prior to setting its R or S bit. IO=0
selects an OUT endpoint, IO=1 selects an IN endpoint.
Page 12-40
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Bit 2-0:
EP
Select endpoint
The 8051 sets these bits to select an endpoint prior to setting its R or S bit. Valid values
are 0-7 to correspond to bulk endpoints IN0-IN7 and OUT0-OUT7.
USBFRAMEL
USB Frame Count Low
7FD8
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
FC7
FC6
FC5
FC4
FC3
FC2
FC1
FC0
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
USBFRAMEH
USB Frame Count High
7FD9
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
0
0
0
0
0
FC10
FC9
FC8
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Figure 12-33. USB Frame Count High/Low Registers
Every millisecond the host sends a SOF token indicating “Start Of Frame,” along with an
11-bit incrementing frame count. The EZ-USB copies the frame count into these registers
at every SOF. One use of the frame count is to respond to the USB SYNC_FRAME
request (Chapter 7, "EZ-USB Endpoint Zero").
If the USB core detects a missing or garbled SOF, it generates an internal SOF and increments USBFRAMEL-USBRAMEH.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-41
FNADDR
Function Address
7FDB
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
0
FA6
FA5
FA4
FA3
FA2
FA1
FA0
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Figure 12-34. Function Address Register
During the USB enumeration process, the host sends a device a unique 7-bit address,
which the EZ-USB core copies into this register. There is normally no reason for the CPU
to know its USB device address because the USB Core automatically responds only to its
assigned address.
Note
During ReNumeration the USB Core sets register to 0 to allow the EZ-USB chip to
respond to the default address 0.
Page 12-42
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
USBPAIR
USB Endpoint Pairing
7FDD
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
ISOSEND0
-
PR6OUT
PR4OUT
PR2OUT
PR6IN
PR4IN
PR2IN
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
0
x
0
0
0
0
0
0
Figure 12-35. USB Endpoint Pairing Register
Bit 7:
ISOSEND0
Isochronous Send Zero Length Data Packet
The ISOSEND0 bit is used when the EZ-USB chip receives an isochronous IN token
while the IN FIFO is empty. If ISOSEND0=0 (the default value), the EZ-USB core does
not respond to the IN token. If ISOSEND0=1, the EZ-USB core sends a zero-length data
packet in response to the IN token. Which action to take depends on the overall system
design. The ISOSEND0 bit applies to all of the isochronous IN endpoints, IN8BUF
through IN15BUF.
Bit 5-3:
PRnOUT
Pair Bulk OUT Endpoints
Set the endpoint pairing bits (PRxOUT) to “1” to enable double-buffering of the bulk
OUT endpoint buffers. With double buffering enabled, the 8051 can operate on one buffer
while another is being transferred over USB. The endpoint busy and interrupt request bits
function identically, so the 8051 code requires no code modification to support double
buffering.
When an endpoint is paired, the 8051 uses only the even-numbered endpoint of the pair.
The 8051 should not use the paired odd endpoint’s IRQ, IEN, VALID bits or the buffer
associated with the odd numbered endpoint.
Bit 2-0:
PRnIN
Pair Bulk IN Endpoints
Set the endpoint pairing bits (PRxIN) to “1” to enable double-buffering of the bulk IN
endpoint buffers. With double buffering enabled, the 8051 can operate on one buffer
while another is being transferred over USB.
When an endpoint is paired, the 8051 should access only the even-numbered endpoint of
the pair. The 8051 should not use the IRQ, IEN, VALID bits or the buffer associated with
the odd numbered endpoint.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-43
IN07VAL
Endpoints 0-7 IN Valid Bits
7FDE
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
IN7VAL
IN6VAL
IN5VAL
IN4VAL
IN3VAL
IN2VAL
IN1VAL
IN0VAL
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
1
OUT07VAL
Endpoints 0-7 OUT Valid Bits
7FDF
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
OUT7VAL
OUT6VAL
OUT5VAL
OUT4VAL
OUT3VAL
OUT2VAL
OUT1VAL
OUT0VAL
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
Figure 12-36. IN/OUT Valid Bits Register
The 8051 sets VAL=1 for any active endpoints, and VAL=0 for inactive endpoints. These
bits instruct the EZ-USB core to return a “no response” if an invalid endpoint is addressed,
instead of a NAK.
The default values of these registers are set to support all endpoints that exist in the default
USB device (see Table 5-1).
Page 12-44
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
INISOVAL
Isochronous IN Endpoint Valid Bits
7FE0
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
IN15VAL
IN14VAL
IN13VAL
IN12VAL
IN11VAL
IN10VAL
IN9VAL
IN8VAL
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
OUTISOVAL
b7
Isochronous OUT Endpoint Valid Bits
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
OUT15VAL OUT14VAL OUT13VAL OUT12VAL OUT11VAL OUT10VAL
7FE1
b1
b0
OUT9VAL
OUT8VAL
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
Figure 12-37. Isochronous IN/OUT Endpoint Valid Bits Register
The 8051 sets VAL=1 for active endpoints, and VAL=0 for inactive endpoints. These bits
instruct the EZ-USB core to return a “no response” if an invalid endpoint is addressed.
The default values of these registers are set to support all endpoints that exist in the default
USB device (see Table 5-1).
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-45
12.15 Fast Transfers
FASTXFR
Fast Transfer Control
7FE2
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
FISO
FBLK
RPOL
RMOD1
RMOD0
WPOL
WMOD1
WMOD0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Figure 12-38. Fast Transfer Control Register
The EZ-USB core provides a fast transfer mode that improves the8051 transfer speed
between external logic and the isochronous and bulk endpoint buffers. The FASTXFR
register enables the modes for bulk and/or isochronous transfers, and selects the timing
waveforms for the FRD# and FWR# signals.
Bit 7:
FISO
Enable Fast ISO Transfers
The 8051 sets FISO=1 to enable fast isochronous transfers for all16 isochronous endpoint
FIFOs. When FISO=0, fast transfers are disabled for all 16 isochronous endpoints.
Bit 6:
FBLK
Enable Fast BULK Transfers
The 8051 sets FBLK=1 to enable fast bulk transfers using the Autopointer (see Section
12.16, "SETUP Data") with BULK endpoints. When FBLK=0 fast transfers are disabled
for BULK endpoints.
Bit 5:
RPOL
FRD# Pulse Polarity
The 8051 sets RPOL=0 for active-low FRD# pulses, and RPOL=1 for active high FRD#
pulses.
Bit 4-3:
RMOD
FRD# Pulse Mode
These bits select the phasing and width of the FRD# pulse. See Figure 8-12.
Page 12-46
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Bit 2:
WPOL
FWR# Pulse Polarity
The 8051 sets WPOL=0 for active-low FWR# pulses, and WPOL=1 for active high
FWR# pulses.
Bit 1-0:
WMOD
FWR# Pulse Mode
These bits select the phasing and width of the FWR# pulse. See Figure 8-11.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-47
AUTOPTRH
Auto Pointer Address High
7FE3
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
A15
A14
A13
A12
A11
A10
A9
A8
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
AUTOPTRL
Auto Pointer Address Low
7FE4
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
AUTODATA
Auto Pointer Data
7FE5
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Figure 12-39. Auto Pointer Registers
These registers implement the EZ-USB Autopointer.
AUTOPTRH/L
The 8051 loads a 16-bit address into the AUTOPTRH/L registers. Subsequent reads or
writes to the AUTODATA register increment the 16-bit value in these registers. The
loaded address must be in internal EZ-USB RAM. The 8051 can read these registers to
determine the address must be in internal EZ-USB RAM. The 8051 can read these registers to determine the address of the next byte to be accessed via the AUTODATA register.
AUTODATA
8051 data read or written to the AUTODATA register accesses the memory addressed by
the AUTOPTRH/L registers, and increments the address after the read or write.
These registers allow FIFO access to the bulk endpoint buffers, as well as being useful for
internal data movement. Chapter 6, "EZ-USB Bulk Transfers" and Chapter 8, "EZ-USB
Isochronous Transfers" explain how to use the Autopointer for fast transfers to and from
the EZ-USB endpoint buffers.
Page 12-48
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
12.16 SETUP Data
SETUPBUF
SETUP Data Buffer (8 Bytes)
7FE8-7FEF
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Figure 12-40. SETUP Data Buffer
This buffer contains the 8 bytes of SETUP packet data from the most recently received
CONTROL transfer.
The data in SETUPBUF is valid when the SUDAVIR (Setup Data Available Interrupt
Request) bit is set. The 8051 responds to the SUDAV interrupt by reading the SETUP
bytes from this buffer.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-49
12.17 Isochronous FIFO Sizes
OUTnADDR
ISO OUT Endpoint Start Address
7FF0-7FF7*
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
INnADDR
ISO IN Endpoint Start Address
7FF8-7FFF*
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
* See Table 12-6 for individual start address register addresses.
Figure 12-41. SETUP Data Buffer
Page 12-50
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Table 12-6. Isochronous FIFO Start Address Registers
Address
Endpoint Start Address
7FF0
Endpoint 8 OUT Start Address
7FF1
Endpoint 9 OUT Start Address
7FF2
Endpoint 10 OUT Start Address
7FF3
Endpoint 11 OUT Start Address
7FF4
Endpoint 12 OUT Start Address
7FF5
Endpoint 13 OUT Start Address
7FF6
Endpoint 14 OUT Start Address
7FF7
Endpoint 15 OUT Start Address
7FF8
Endpoint 8 IN Start Address
7FF9
Endpoint 9 IN Start Address
7FFA
Endpoint 10 IN Start Address
7FFB
Endpoint 11 IN Start Address
7FFC
Endpoint 12 IN Start Address
7FFD
Endpoint 13 IN Start Address
7FFE
Endpoint 14 IN Start Address
7FFF
Endpoint 15 IN Start Address
EZ-USB Isochronous endpoints use a pool of 1,024 double-buffered FIFO bytes. The
1,024 FIFO bytes can be divided between any or all of the isochronous endpoints. The
8051 sets isochronous endpoint FIFO sizes by writing starting addresses to these registers,
starting with address 0. Address bits A3-A0 are internally set to zero, so the minimum
FIFO size is 16 bytes.
See Section 8.8, "Fast Transfer Speed" for details about how to set these registers.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
Page 12-51
Page 12-52
Chapter 12. EZ-USB Registers
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
13 EZ-USB AC/DC Parameters
13.1
Electrical Characteristics
13.1.1
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Storage Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-65oC to +150oC
Ambient Temperature Under Bias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-40oC to +85oC
Supply Voltage to Ground Potential . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.5V to +4.0V
DC Input Voltage to Any Pin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.5V to +5.8V
13.1.2
Operating Conditions
Ta (Ambient Temperature Under Bias). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0oC to +70oC
Supply Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +3.0V to +3.6V
Ground Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0V
Fosc (Oscillator or Crystal Frequency) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 MHz +/- 0.25%
13.1.3
DC Characteristics
Table 13-1. DC Characteristics
Symbol
Parameter
VCC
Supply Voltage
VIH
Max
Unit
3.0
3.6
V
Input High Voltage
2
5.25
V
VIL
Input Low Voltage
-.5
.8
V
II
Input Leakage Current
0 < VIN < VCC
+ 10
µA
VOH
Output Voltage High
IOUT = 1.6 mA
VOL
Output Low Voltage
IOUT = -1.6 mA
CIN
Input Pin Capacitance
ISUSP
Suspend Current
ICC
Supply Current
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Condition
Min
Typ
2.4
V
.8
V
10
pF
µA
110
8051 running,
connected to USB
Notes
50
Chapter 13. EZ-USB AC/DC Parameters
mA
Page 13-1
13.1.4
AC Electrical Characteristics
Specified Conditions: Capacitive load on all pins = 30 pF
13.1.5
General Memory Timing
Table 13-2. General Memory Timing
Symbol
Parameter
Min
Typ
Max
41.66
Unit
tCL
1/CLK24 Frequency
tAV
Delay from Clock to Valid Address
0
10
ns
tCD
Delay from CLK24 to CS#
2
15
ns
tOED
Delay from CLK24 to OE#
2
15
ns
tWD
Delay from CLK24 to WR#
2
15
ns
tRD
Delay from CLK24 to RD#
2
15
ns
tPD
Delay from CLK24 to PSEN#
2
15
ns
13.1.6
Notes
ns
Program Memory Read
Table 13-3. Program Memory Read
Symbol
Parameter
tAA1
Address Access Time
tAH1
Address Hold from CLK24
Formula
Min
Max
Unit
3tCL-tAV-TDSU1
103
ns
tCL+1
42
ns
tDSU1
Data setup to CLK24
12
ns
tDH1
Data Hold from CLK24
0
ns
13.1.7
Notes
Data Memory Read
Table 13-4. Data Memory Read
Symbol
Parameter
Formula
Min
Max
Unit
3tCL-tAV-TDSU1
103
ns
tCL+1
42
ns
tAA2
Address Access Time
tAH2
Address Hold from CLK24
tDSU2
Data setup to CLK24
12
ns
tDH2
Data Hold from CLK24
0
ns
Page 13-2
Chapter 13. EZ-USB AC/DC Parameters
Notes
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
13.1.8
Data Memory Write
Table 13-5. Data Memory Write
Symbol
Parameter
tAH3
Address Hold from CLK24
tDV
CLK24 to Data Valid
tDVZ
CLK24 to High Impedance
13.1.9
Formula
Min
tCL+2
43
tCL+16
57
Max
Unit
Notes
ns
15
ns
ns
Fast Data Write
Table 13-6. Fast Data Write
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
tCDO
Clock to Data Output Delay
3
15
ns
tCWO
Clock to FIFO Write Output
Delay
2
10
ns
tPFWD
Propagation Delay Difference
from FIFO Write to DATA Out
1
Notes
ns
13.1.10 Fast Data Read
Table 13-7. Fast Data Read
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
10
ns
tCRO
Clock to FIFO Read Output
Delay
2
tDSU4
Data Setup to Rising CLK24
12
ns
tDH4
Data Hold to Rising CLK24
2
ns
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 13. EZ-USB AC/DC Parameters
Notes
Page 13-3
tCL
CLK24
tAV
A [15.0]
tCD
tCD
tOED
tOED
tWD
tWD
tRD
tRD
tPD
tPD
CS#
OE#
WR#
RD#
PSEN#
Figure 13-1. External Memory Timing
tCL
CLK24
OE#
tAA1
tAH1
tDSU1
tDH1
Figure 13-2. Program Memory Read Timing
Page 13-4
Chapter 13. EZ-USB AC/DC Parameters
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
tCL
CLK24
RD#
CS#
OE#
A [15.0]
tAA2
tAH2
tDSU2
tDH2
D [7.0]
Figure 13-3. Data Memory Read Timing
tCL
CLK24
CS#
WR#
tAH3
A [15.0]
tDV
tDVZ
D [7.0]
Figure 13-4. Data Memory Write Timing
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 13. EZ-USB AC/DC Parameters
Page 13-5
EZ-USB
Fast Transfer Block Diagram
EZ-USB
AN2131Q
80
PQFP
ASIC
CLK24
FIFO Clock
D [7:0]
D [7:0]
FWR#
FIFO Write Stobe
FRD#
FIFO Read Stobe
Figure 13-5. Fast Transfer Mode Block Diagram
Page 13-6
Chapter 13. EZ-USB AC/DC Parameters
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
tCL
CLK24
tDSU4
tDH4
Input
D[7..0]
tCRO
FRD#[00]
Figure 13-6. Fast Transfer Read Timing [Mode 00]
tCL
CLK24
tCDO
tCDO
D[7..0]
Output
tCWO
tCWO
FWR#[00]
Figure 13-7. Fast Transfer Write Timing [Mode 00]
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 13. EZ-USB AC/DC Parameters
Page 13-7
tCL
CLK24
tDSU4
tDH4
Input
D[7..0]
tCRO
FRD#[01]
Figure 13-8. Fast Transfer Read Timing [Mode 01]
tCL
CLK24
tCDO
D[7..0]
tCDO
Output
tCWO
tCWO
FWR#[01]
tPFWD
Figure 13-9. Fast Transfer Write Timing [MODE 01]
Page 13-8
Chapter 13. EZ-USB AC/DC Parameters
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
tCL
CLK24
tDSU4
tDH4
Input
D[7..0]
tCRO
FRD#[10]
Figure 13-10. Fast Transfer Read Timing [Mode 10]
tCL
CLK24
tCDO
D[7..0]
tCDO
Output
tCWO
tCWO
FWR#[10]
Figure 13-11. Fast Transfer Write Timing [Mode 10]
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 13. EZ-USB AC/DC Parameters
Page 13-9
tCL
CLK24
tDSU4
tDH4
Input
D[7..0]
tCRO
FRD#[11]
Figure 13-12. Fast Transfer Read Timing [Mode 11]
tCL
CLK24
tCDO
tCDO
Output
D[7..0]
tCWO
tCWO
FWR#[11]
tPFWD
Figure 13-13. Fast Transfer Write Timing [Mode 11]
Page 13-10
Chapter 13. EZ-USB AC/DC Parameters
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
14 EZ-USB Packaging
14.1
44-Pin PQFP Package
13.45
12.95
10.10
9.90
8.00 REF
44
34
33
1
0.80 BSC.
23
11
12
22
Figure 14-1. 44-Pin PQFP Package (Top View)
See Lead Detail
2.35 MAX
0.45
0.30
Figure 14-2. 44-Pin PQFP Package (Side View)
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 14. EZ-USB Packaging
Page 14-1
1.95
2.10
0o~7o
0.25
0.10
0.23
0.13
0.95
0.65
1.60 TYP
Lead Detail: A(S=N/S)
Figure 14-3. 44-Pin PQFP Package (Detail View)
Page 14-2
Chapter 14. EZ-USB Packaging
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
14.2
80-Pin PQFP Package
24.10
23.70
20.05
19.95
0.80
64
3.0
65
41
40
0.80 BSC.
18.10
17.70
14.05
13.95
3.0
80 PQFP
80
25
24
1.00 Ref
1
Figure 14-4. 80-Pin PQFP Package (Top View)
See Lead
Detail
3.04 MAX
0.42
0.32
Figure 14-5. 80-Pin PQFP Package (Side View)
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 14. EZ-USB Packaging
Page 14-3
2.66
2.76
0o~10o
0o~7o
0.25 G age Plane
8 Places
12o REF.
Base Plane
Seating Plane
0.28
0.18
1.00
0.80
1.95 + 0.15
Detail "A"
Figure 14-6. 80-Pin PQFP Package (Detail View)
Page 14-4
Chapter 14. EZ-USB Packaging
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
14.3
48-Pin TQFP Package
S ee L ea d
D e ta il
1 .60 M A X
0 .2 7
0 .1 7
AL L D IM EN S IO N S IN M IL L IM ET ER S .
Figure 14-7. 48-Pin TQFP Package (Side View)
9 .0 0 B S C .
7 .0 0
BSC.
48
37
36
1
0 .5 0 B S C .
48 T Q F P
25
12
13
24
AL L D IM EN S IO N S IN M IL L IM ET ER S .
Figure 14-8. 48-Pin TQFP Package (Top View)
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Chapter 14. EZ-USB Packaging
Page 14-5
1.35
1.45
0.08
0.20 R.
0.25 Gauge Plane
0 o M IN .
Base Plane
Seating Plane
0.05
0.15
0.08 R .
M IN .
0 - 7o
0.20 M IN .
0.45
0.75
AL L D IM E N S IO N S IN M ILLIM E T ER S.
1.00 REF.
48-Pin Lead Detail
Figure 14-9. 48-Pin TQFP Package (Detail View)
Page 14-6
Chapter 14. EZ-USB Packaging
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
EZ-USB v 1.9 Appendices
Table of Contents
Appendix A: 8051 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-1
A.1
A.2
A.3
A.4
A.5
A.6
Introduction ............................................................................................ A-1
8051 Features ......................................................................................... A-1
Performance Overview .......................................................................... A-2
Software Compatibility .......................................................................... A-3
803x/805x Feature Comparison ............................................................. A-4
8051 Core/DS80C320 Differences ........................................................ A-5
A.6.1 Serial Ports ....................................................................................... A-5
A.6.2 Timer 2 ............................................................................................. A-5
A.6.3 Timed Access Protection ................................................................. A-5
A.6.4 Watchdog Timer .............................................................................. A-5
Appendix B: 8051 Architectural Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-1
B.1
Introduction .............................................................................................B-1
B.1.1 Memory Organization .......................................................................B-2
B.1.1.1 Program Memory .....................................................................B-2
B.1.1.2 External RAM ..........................................................................B-2
B.1.1.3 Internal RAM ...........................................................................B-2
B.1.2 Instruction Set ...................................................................................B-3
B.1.3 Instruction Timing ............................................................................B-9
B.1.4 CPU Timing ....................................................................................B-10
B.1.5 Stretch Memory Cycles (Wait States) ............................................B-10
B.1.6 Dual Data Pointers ..........................................................................B-11
B.1.7 Special Function Registers ..............................................................B-12
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-1
C.1
C.2
Introduction .............................................................................................C-1
Timers/Counters ......................................................................................C-1
C.2.1 803x/805x Compatibility ..................................................................C-2
C.2.2 Timers 0 and 1 ..................................................................................C-2
C.2.3 Mode 0 ..............................................................................................C-2
C.2.4 Mode 1 ..............................................................................................C-3
C.2.5 Mode 2 ..............................................................................................C-6
C.2.6 Mode 3 ..............................................................................................C-7
C.2.7 Timer Rate Control ...........................................................................C-8
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Table of Contents
i
EZ-USB Registers
Addr
Name
Description
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
Endpoint 0-7 Data Buffers
Notes
CPU Access Codes:
7B40
OUT7BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
RW = Read or Write,
7B80
IN7BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
R, r = read-only,
7BC0
OUT6BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
W, w = write-only
7C00
IN6BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
b = both (Read & Write)
7C40
OUT5BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7C80
IN5BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7CC0
OUT4BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7D00
IN4BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7D40
OUT3BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7D80
IN3BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7DC0
OUT2BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7E00
IN2BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7E40
OUT1BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7E80
IN1BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7EC0
OUT0BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F00
IN0BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F40-7F5F (reserved)
Isochronous Data
7F60
OUT8DATA
Endpoint 8 OUT Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F61
OUT9DATA
Endpoint 9 OUT Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F62
OUT10DATA
Endpoint 10 OUT Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F63
OUT11DATA
Endpoint 11 OUT Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F64
OUT12DATA
Endpoint 12 OUT Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F65
OUT13DATA
Endpoint 13 OUT Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F66
OUT14DATA
Endpoint 14 OUT Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F67
OUT15DATA
Endpoint 15 OUT Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F68
IN8DATA
Endpoint 8 IN Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F69
IN9DATA
Endpoint 9 IN Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F6A
IN10DATA
Endpoint 10 IN Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F6B
IN11DATA
Endpoint 11 IN Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F6C
IN12DATA
Endpoint 12 IN Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F6D
IN13DATA
Endpoint 13 IN Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F6E
IN14DATA
Endpoint 14 IN Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F6F
IN15DATA
Endpoint 15 IN Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
EZ-USB TRM v 1.9
EZ-USB Registers
Page 1
EZ-USB Registers
Addr
Name
Description
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
Endpoint 0-7 Data Buffers
Notes
CPU Access Codes:
7B40
OUT7BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
RW = Read or Write,
7B80
IN7BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
R, r = read-only,
7BC0
OUT6BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
W, w = write-only
7C00
IN6BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
b = both (Read & Write)
7C40
OUT5BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7C80
IN5BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7CC0
OUT4BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7D00
IN4BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7D40
OUT3BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7D80
IN3BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7DC0
OUT2BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7E00
IN2BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7E40
OUT1BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7E80
IN1BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7EC0
OUT0BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F00
IN0BUF
(64 bytes)
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F40-7F5F (reserved)
Isochronous Data
7F60
OUT8DATA
Endpoint 8 OUT Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F61
OUT9DATA
Endpoint 9 OUT Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F62
OUT10DATA
Endpoint 10 OUT Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F63
OUT11DATA
Endpoint 11 OUT Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F64
OUT12DATA
Endpoint 12 OUT Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F65
OUT13DATA
Endpoint 13 OUT Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F66
OUT14DATA
Endpoint 14 OUT Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F67
OUT15DATA
Endpoint 15 OUT Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F68
IN8DATA
Endpoint 8 IN Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F69
IN9DATA
Endpoint 9 IN Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F6A
IN10DATA
Endpoint 10 IN Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F6B
IN11DATA
Endpoint 11 IN Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F6C
IN12DATA
Endpoint 12 IN Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F6D
IN13DATA
Endpoint 13 IN Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F6E
IN14DATA
Endpoint 14 IN Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F6F
IN15DATA
Endpoint 15 IN Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
EZ-USB TRM v 1.9
EZ-USB Registers
Page 1
EZ-USB Registers
Addr
Name
Description
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
Notes
Isochronous Byte Counts
7F70
OUT8BCH
EP8 Out Byte Count H
0
0
0
0
0
0
d9
d8
7F71
OUT8BCL
EP8 Out Byte Count L
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F72
OUT9BCH
EP9 Out Byte Count H
0
0
0
0
0
0
d9
d8
7F73
OUT9BCL
EP9 Out Byte Count L
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F74
OUT10BCH
EP10 Out Byte Count H
0
0
0
0
0
0
d9
d8
7F75
OUT10BCL
EP10 Out Byte Count L
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F76
OUT11BCH
EP11 Out Byte Count H
0
0
0
0
0
0
d9
d8
7F77
OUT11BCL
EP11 Out Byte Count L
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F78
OUT12BCH
EP12 Out Byte Count H
0
0
0
0
0
0
d9
d8
7F79
OUT12BCL
EP12 Out Byte Count L
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F7A
OUT13BCH
EP13 Out Byte Count H
0
0
0
0
0
0
d9
d8
7F7B
OUT13BCL
EP13 Out Byte Count L
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F7C
OUT14BCH
EP14 Out Byte Count H
0
0
0
0
0
0
d9
d8
7F7D
OUT14BCL
EP14 Out Byte Count L
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F7E
OUT15BCH
EP15 Out Byte Count H
0
0
0
0
0
0
d9
d8
7F7F
OUT15BCL
EP15 Out Byte Count L
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F80-7F91 (reserved)
CPU Registers
7F92
CPUCS
Control & Status
rv3
rv2
rv1
rv0
0
0
CLK24OE
8051RES
7F93
PORTACFG
Port A Configuration
RxD1out
RxD0out
FRD
FWR
CS
OE
T1out
T0out
0=port, 1=alt function
rv[3..0] = chip rev
7F94
PORTBCFG
Port B Configuration
T2OUT
INT6
INT5
INT4
TxD1
RxD1
T2EX
T2
0=port, 1=alt function
7F95
PORTCCFG
Port C Configuration
RD
WR
T1
T0
INT1
INT0
TxD0
RxD0
0=port, 1=alt function
OUTA0
Input-Output Port Registers
7F96
OUTA
Output Register A
OUTA7
OUTA6
OUTA5
OUTA4
OUTA3
OUTA2
OUTA1
7F97
OUTB
Output Register B
OUTB7
OUTB6
OUTB5
OUTB4
OUTB3
OUTB2
OUTB1
OUTB0
7F98
OUTC
Output Register C
OUTC7
OUTC6
OUTC5
OUTC4
OUTC3
OUTC2
OUTC1
OUTC0
PINA0
7F99
PINSA
Port Pins A
PINA7
PINA6
PINA5
PINA4
PINA3
PINA2
PINA1
7F9A
PINSB
Port Pins B
PINB7
PINB6
PINB5
PINB4
PINB3
PINB2
PINB1
PINB0
7F9B
PINSC
Port Pins C
PINC7
PINC6
PINC5
PINC4
PINC3
PINC2
PINC1
PINC0
7F9C
OEA
Output Enable A
OEA7
OEA6
OEA5
OEA4
OEA3
OEA2
OEA1
OEA0
0=off, 1=drive
7F9D
OEB
Output Enable B
OEB7
OEB6
OEB5
OEB4
OEB3
OEB2
OEB1
OEB0
0=off, 1=drive
7F9E
OEC
Output Enable C
OEC7
OEC6
OEC5
OEC4
OEC3
OEC2
OEC1
OEC0
0=off, 1=drive
7F9F
UART230
230Kbaud support
0
0
0
0
0
0
UART1
UART0
1 = 230Kbaud rate
Isochronous Control/Status Registers
7FA0
ISOERR
ISO OUT Endpoint Error
ISO15ERR
ISO14ERR
ISO13ERR
ISO12ERR
ISO11ERR
ISO10ERR
ISO9ERR
ISO8ERR
7FA1
ISOCTL
Isochronous Control
*
*
*
*
PPSTAT
MBZ
MBZ
ISODISAB
7FA2
ZBCOUT
Zero Byte Count bits
EP15
EP14
EP13
EP12
EP11
EP10
EP9
EP8
7FA3
"MBZ" = Must Be Zero
(reserved)
7FA4
(reserved)
I2C Registers
7FA5
I2CS
Control & Status
START
STOP
LASTRD
ID1
ID0
BERR
ACK
DONE
7FA6
I2DAT
Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FA7
I2CMODE
I2C STOP interrupt enable
0
0
0
0
0
0
STOPIE
0
EZ-USB TRM v 1.9
EZ-USB Registers
1=Enable INT3 on STOP
Page 2
EZ-USB Registers
Addr
Name
Description
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
Notes
Interrupts
7FA8
IVEC
Interrupt Vector
7FA9
IN07IRQ
EPIN Interrupt Request
0
IV4
IV3
IV2
IV1
IV0
0
0
IN7IR
IN6IR
IN5IR
IN4IR
IN3IR
IN2IR
IN1IR
IN0IR
7FAA
OUT07IRQ
EPOUT Interrupt Request
1=request
OUT7IR
OUT6IR
OUT5IR
OUT4IR
OUT3IR
OUT2IR
OUT1IR
OUT0IR
7FAB
USBIRQ
USB Interrupt Request
1=request
*
*
IBNIR
URESIR
SUSPIR
SUTOKIR
SOFIR
SUDAVIR
7FAC
IN07IEN
EP0-7IN Int Enables
1=request
IN7IEN
IN6IEN
IN5IEN
IN4IEN
IN3IEN
IN2IEN
IN1IEN
IN0IEN
7FAD
OUT07IEN
EP0-7OUT Int Enables
1=enabled
OUT7IEN
OUT6IEN
OUT5IEN
OUT4IEN
OUT3IEN
OUT2IEN
OUT1IEN
OUT0IEN
7FAE
USBIEN
1=enabled
USB Int Enables
*
*
IBNIE
URESIE
SUSPIE
SUTOKIE
SOFIE
SUDAVIE
7FAF
1=enabled
USBBAV
Breakpoint & Autovector
*
*
*
*
BREAK
BPPULSE
BPEN
AVEN
1=enabled
7FB0
IBNIRQ
IBN Interrupt request
EP6IN
EP5IN
EP4IN
EP3IN
EP2IN
EP1IN
EP0IN
1=request
7FB1
IBNIE
IBN Interrupt Enable
EP6IN
EP5IN
EP4IN
EP3IN
EP2IN
EP1IN
EP0IN
1=enabled
7FB2
BPADDRH
Breakpoint Address H
A15
A14
A13
A12
A11
A10
A9
A8
7FB3
BPADDRL
Breakpoint Address L
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
Bulk Endpoints 0-7
7FB4
EP0CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
OUTBSY
INBSY
HSNAK
EP0STALL
7FB5
IN0BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FB6
IN1CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
in1bsy
in1stl
7FB7
IN1BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FB8
IN2CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
in2bsy
in2stl
7FB9
IN2BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FBA
IN3CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
in3bsy
in3stl
7FBB
IN3BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FBC
IN4CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
in4bsy
in4stl
7FBD
IN4BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FBE
IN5CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
in5bsy
in5stl
7FBF
IN5BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FC0
IN6CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
in6bsy
in6stl
7FC1
IN6BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FC2
IN7CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
in7bsy
in7stl
7FC3
IN7BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FC4
For EP0IN and EP0OUT
* this bits are random
at power-on. Once
operational, these bits
read as zeros.
(reserved)
7FC5
OUT0BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FC6
OUT1CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
out1bsy
out1stl
7FC7
OUT1BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FC8
OUT2CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
out2bsy
out2stl
7FC9
OUT2BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FCA
OUT3CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
out3bsy
out3stl
7FCB
OUT3BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FCC
OUT4CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
out4bsy
out4stl
7FCD
OU4TBC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FCE
OUT5CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
out5bsy
out5stl
7FCF
OUT5BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FD0
OUT6CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
out6bsy
out6stl
7FD1
OUT6BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FD2
OUT7CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
out7bsy
out7stl
7FD3
OUT7BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
EZ-USB TRM v 1.9
EZ-USB Registers
Page 3
EZ-USB Registers
Addr
Name
Description
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
A8
Notes
Global USB Registers
7FD4
SUDPTRH
Setup Data Ptr H
A15
A14
A13
A12
A11
A10
A9
7FD5
SUDPTRL
Setup Data Ptr L
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
7FD6
USBCS
USB Control & Status
WakeSRC
*
*
*
DisCon
DiscOE
ReNum
SIGRSUME
7FD7
TOGCTL
Toggle Control
Q
S
R
IO
0
EP2
EP1
EP0
7FD8
USBFRAMEL
Frame Number L
FC7
FC6
FC5
FC4
FC3
FC2
FC1
FC0
7FD9
USBFRAMEH
Frame Number H
0
0
0
0
0
FC10
FC9
FC8
0
FA6
FA5
FA4
FA3
FA2
FA1
FA0
ISOsend0
*
PR6OUT
PR4OUT
PR2OUT
PR6IN
PR4IN
PR2IN
IN7VAL
IN6VAL
IN5VAL
IN4VAL
IN3VAL
IN2VAL
IN1VAL
1
VAL =1 means valid
7FDA
7FDB
Clear b7 by writing "1"
(reserved)
FNADDR
7FDC
Function Address
(reserved)
7FDD
USBPAIR
Endpoint Control
7FDE
IN07VAL
Input Endpoint 0-7 valid
7FDF
OUT07VAL
Output Endpoint 0-7 valid
OUT7VAL
OUT6VAL
OUT5VAL
OUT4VAL
OUT3VAL
OUT2VAL
OUT1VAL
1
VAL =1 means valid
7FE0
INISOVAL
Input EP 8-15 valid
IN15VAL
IN14VAL
IN13VAL
IN12VAL
IN11VAL
IN10VAL
IN9VAL
IN8VAL
VAL =1 means valid
7FE1
OUTISOVAL
Output EP 8-15 valid
OUT15VAL
OUT14VAL
OUT13VAL
OUT12VAL
OUT11VAL
OUT10VAL
OUT9VAL
OUT8VAL
VAL =1 means valid
7FE2
FASTXFR
Fast Transfer Mode
FISO
FBLK
RPOL
RMOD1
RMOD0
WPOL
WMOD1
WMOD0
7FE3
AUTOPTRH
Auto-Pointer H
A15
A14
A13
A12
A11
A10
A9
A8
7FE4
AUTOPTRL
Auto-Pointer L
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
7FE5
AUTODATA
Auto Pointer Data
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
8 bytes of SETUP data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FE6
PRx = 1 to pair EP
(reserved)
7FE7
(reserved)
Setup Data
7FE8
SETUPDAT
Isochronous FIFO Sizes
7FF0
OUT8ADDR
Endpt 8 OUT Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FF1
OUT9ADDR
Endpt 9 OUT Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FF2
OUT10ADDR
Endpt 10 OUT Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FF3
OUT11ADDR
Endpt 11 OUT Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FF4
OUT12ADDR
Endpt 12 OUT Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FF5
OUT13ADDR
Endpt 13 OUT Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FF6
OUT14ADDR
Endpt 14 OUT Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FF7
OUT15ADDR
Endpt 15 OUT Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FF8
IN8ADDR
Endpt 8 IN Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FF9
IN9ADDR
Endpt 9 IN Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FFA
IN19ADDR
Endpt 10 IN Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FFB
IN11ADDR
Endpt 11 IN Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FFC
IN12ADDR
Endpt 12 IN Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FFD
IN13ADDR
Endpt 13 IN Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FFE
IN14ADDR
Endpt 14 IN Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FFF
IN15ADDR
Endpt 15 IN Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
EZ-USB TRM v 1.9
EZ-USB Registers
Page 4
EZ-USB Registers
Addr
Name
Description
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
Notes
Isochronous Byte Counts
7F70
OUT8BCH
EP8 Out Byte Count H
0
0
0
0
0
0
d9
d8
7F71
OUT8BCL
EP8 Out Byte Count L
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F72
OUT9BCH
EP9 Out Byte Count H
0
0
0
0
0
0
d9
d8
7F73
OUT9BCL
EP9 Out Byte Count L
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F74
OUT10BCH
EP10 Out Byte Count H
0
0
0
0
0
0
d9
d8
7F75
OUT10BCL
EP10 Out Byte Count L
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F76
OUT11BCH
EP11 Out Byte Count H
0
0
0
0
0
0
d9
d8
7F77
OUT11BCL
EP11 Out Byte Count L
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F78
OUT12BCH
EP12 Out Byte Count H
0
0
0
0
0
0
d9
d8
7F79
OUT12BCL
EP12 Out Byte Count L
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F7A
OUT13BCH
EP13 Out Byte Count H
0
0
0
0
0
0
d9
d8
7F7B
OUT13BCL
EP13 Out Byte Count L
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F7C
OUT14BCH
EP14 Out Byte Count H
0
0
0
0
0
0
d9
d8
7F7D
OUT14BCL
EP14 Out Byte Count L
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F7E
OUT15BCH
EP15 Out Byte Count H
0
0
0
0
0
0
d9
d8
7F7F
OUT15BCL
EP15 Out Byte Count L
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7F80-7F91 (reserved)
CPU Registers
7F92
CPUCS
Control & Status
rv3
rv2
rv1
rv0
0
0
CLK24OE
8051RES
7F93
PORTACFG
Port A Configuration
RxD1out
RxD0out
FRD
FWR
CS
OE
T1out
T0out
0=port, 1=alt function
rv[3..0] = chip rev
7F94
PORTBCFG
Port B Configuration
T2OUT
INT6
INT5
INT4
TxD1
RxD1
T2EX
T2
0=port, 1=alt function
7F95
PORTCCFG
Port C Configuration
RD
WR
T1
T0
INT1
INT0
TxD0
RxD0
0=port, 1=alt function
OUTA0
Input-Output Port Registers
7F96
OUTA
Output Register A
OUTA7
OUTA6
OUTA5
OUTA4
OUTA3
OUTA2
OUTA1
7F97
OUTB
Output Register B
OUTB7
OUTB6
OUTB5
OUTB4
OUTB3
OUTB2
OUTB1
OUTB0
7F98
OUTC
Output Register C
OUTC7
OUTC6
OUTC5
OUTC4
OUTC3
OUTC2
OUTC1
OUTC0
PINA0
7F99
PINSA
Port Pins A
PINA7
PINA6
PINA5
PINA4
PINA3
PINA2
PINA1
7F9A
PINSB
Port Pins B
PINB7
PINB6
PINB5
PINB4
PINB3
PINB2
PINB1
PINB0
7F9B
PINSC
Port Pins C
PINC7
PINC6
PINC5
PINC4
PINC3
PINC2
PINC1
PINC0
7F9C
OEA
Output Enable A
OEA7
OEA6
OEA5
OEA4
OEA3
OEA2
OEA1
OEA0
0=off, 1=drive
7F9D
OEB
Output Enable B
OEB7
OEB6
OEB5
OEB4
OEB3
OEB2
OEB1
OEB0
0=off, 1=drive
7F9E
OEC
Output Enable C
OEC7
OEC6
OEC5
OEC4
OEC3
OEC2
OEC1
OEC0
0=off, 1=drive
7F9F
UART230
230Kbaud support
0
0
0
0
0
0
UART1
UART0
1 = 230Kbaud rate
Isochronous Control/Status Registers
7FA0
ISOERR
ISO OUT Endpoint Error
ISO15ERR
ISO14ERR
ISO13ERR
ISO12ERR
ISO11ERR
ISO10ERR
ISO9ERR
ISO8ERR
7FA1
ISOCTL
Isochronous Control
*
*
*
*
PPSTAT
MBZ
MBZ
ISODISAB
7FA2
ZBCOUT
Zero Byte Count bits
EP15
EP14
EP13
EP12
EP11
EP10
EP9
EP8
7FA3
"MBZ" = Must Be Zero
(reserved)
7FA4
(reserved)
I2C Registers
7FA5
I2CS
Control & Status
START
STOP
LASTRD
ID1
ID0
BERR
ACK
DONE
7FA6
I2DAT
Data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FA7
I2CMODE
I2C STOP interrupt enable
0
0
0
0
0
0
STOPIE
0
EZ-USB TRM v 1.9
EZ-USB Registers
1=Enable INT3 on STOP
Page 2
EZ-USB Registers
Addr
Name
Description
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
Notes
Interrupts
7FA8
IVEC
Interrupt Vector
7FA9
IN07IRQ
EPIN Interrupt Request
0
IV4
IV3
IV2
IV1
IV0
0
0
IN7IR
IN6IR
IN5IR
IN4IR
IN3IR
IN2IR
IN1IR
IN0IR
7FAA
OUT07IRQ
EPOUT Interrupt Request
1=request
OUT7IR
OUT6IR
OUT5IR
OUT4IR
OUT3IR
OUT2IR
OUT1IR
OUT0IR
7FAB
USBIRQ
USB Interrupt Request
1=request
*
*
IBNIR
URESIR
SUSPIR
SUTOKIR
SOFIR
SUDAVIR
7FAC
IN07IEN
EP0-7IN Int Enables
1=request
IN7IEN
IN6IEN
IN5IEN
IN4IEN
IN3IEN
IN2IEN
IN1IEN
IN0IEN
7FAD
OUT07IEN
EP0-7OUT Int Enables
1=enabled
OUT7IEN
OUT6IEN
OUT5IEN
OUT4IEN
OUT3IEN
OUT2IEN
OUT1IEN
OUT0IEN
7FAE
USBIEN
1=enabled
USB Int Enables
*
*
IBNIE
URESIE
SUSPIE
SUTOKIE
SOFIE
SUDAVIE
7FAF
1=enabled
USBBAV
Breakpoint & Autovector
*
*
*
*
BREAK
BPPULSE
BPEN
AVEN
1=enabled
7FB0
IBNIRQ
IBN Interrupt request
EP6IN
EP5IN
EP4IN
EP3IN
EP2IN
EP1IN
EP0IN
1=request
7FB1
IBNIE
IBN Interrupt Enable
EP6IN
EP5IN
EP4IN
EP3IN
EP2IN
EP1IN
EP0IN
1=enabled
7FB2
BPADDRH
Breakpoint Address H
A15
A14
A13
A12
A11
A10
A9
A8
7FB3
BPADDRL
Breakpoint Address L
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
Bulk Endpoints 0-7
7FB4
EP0CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
OUTBSY
INBSY
HSNAK
EP0STALL
7FB5
IN0BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FB6
IN1CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
in1bsy
in1stl
7FB7
IN1BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FB8
IN2CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
in2bsy
in2stl
7FB9
IN2BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FBA
IN3CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
in3bsy
in3stl
7FBB
IN3BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FBC
IN4CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
in4bsy
in4stl
7FBD
IN4BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FBE
IN5CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
in5bsy
in5stl
7FBF
IN5BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FC0
IN6CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
in6bsy
in6stl
7FC1
IN6BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FC2
IN7CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
in7bsy
in7stl
7FC3
IN7BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FC4
For EP0IN and EP0OUT
* this bits are random
at power-on. Once
operational, these bits
read as zeros.
(reserved)
7FC5
OUT0BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FC6
OUT1CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
out1bsy
out1stl
7FC7
OUT1BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FC8
OUT2CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
out2bsy
out2stl
7FC9
OUT2BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FCA
OUT3CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
out3bsy
out3stl
7FCB
OUT3BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FCC
OUT4CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
out4bsy
out4stl
7FCD
OU4TBC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FCE
OUT5CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
out5bsy
out5stl
7FCF
OUT5BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FD0
OUT6CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
out6bsy
out6stl
7FD1
OUT6BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FD2
OUT7CS
Control & Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
out7bsy
out7stl
7FD3
OUT7BC
Byte Count
*
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
EZ-USB TRM v 1.9
EZ-USB Registers
Page 3
EZ-USB Registers
Addr
Name
Description
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
A8
Notes
Global USB Registers
7FD4
SUDPTRH
Setup Data Ptr H
A15
A14
A13
A12
A11
A10
A9
7FD5
SUDPTRL
Setup Data Ptr L
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
7FD6
USBCS
USB Control & Status
WakeSRC
*
*
*
DisCon
DiscOE
ReNum
SIGRSUME
7FD7
TOGCTL
Toggle Control
Q
S
R
IO
0
EP2
EP1
EP0
7FD8
USBFRAMEL
Frame Number L
FC7
FC6
FC5
FC4
FC3
FC2
FC1
FC0
7FD9
USBFRAMEH
Frame Number H
0
0
0
0
0
FC10
FC9
FC8
0
FA6
FA5
FA4
FA3
FA2
FA1
FA0
ISOsend0
*
PR6OUT
PR4OUT
PR2OUT
PR6IN
PR4IN
PR2IN
IN7VAL
IN6VAL
IN5VAL
IN4VAL
IN3VAL
IN2VAL
IN1VAL
1
VAL =1 means valid
7FDA
7FDB
Clear b7 by writing "1"
(reserved)
FNADDR
7FDC
Function Address
(reserved)
7FDD
USBPAIR
Endpoint Control
7FDE
IN07VAL
Input Endpoint 0-7 valid
7FDF
OUT07VAL
Output Endpoint 0-7 valid
OUT7VAL
OUT6VAL
OUT5VAL
OUT4VAL
OUT3VAL
OUT2VAL
OUT1VAL
1
VAL =1 means valid
7FE0
INISOVAL
Input EP 8-15 valid
IN15VAL
IN14VAL
IN13VAL
IN12VAL
IN11VAL
IN10VAL
IN9VAL
IN8VAL
VAL =1 means valid
7FE1
OUTISOVAL
Output EP 8-15 valid
OUT15VAL
OUT14VAL
OUT13VAL
OUT12VAL
OUT11VAL
OUT10VAL
OUT9VAL
OUT8VAL
VAL =1 means valid
7FE2
FASTXFR
Fast Transfer Mode
FISO
FBLK
RPOL
RMOD1
RMOD0
WPOL
WMOD1
WMOD0
7FE3
AUTOPTRH
Auto-Pointer H
A15
A14
A13
A12
A11
A10
A9
A8
7FE4
AUTOPTRL
Auto-Pointer L
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
7FE5
AUTODATA
Auto Pointer Data
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
8 bytes of SETUP data
d7
d6
d5
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
7FE6
PRx = 1 to pair EP
(reserved)
7FE7
(reserved)
Setup Data
7FE8
SETUPDAT
Isochronous FIFO Sizes
7FF0
OUT8ADDR
Endpt 8 OUT Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FF1
OUT9ADDR
Endpt 9 OUT Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FF2
OUT10ADDR
Endpt 10 OUT Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FF3
OUT11ADDR
Endpt 11 OUT Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FF4
OUT12ADDR
Endpt 12 OUT Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FF5
OUT13ADDR
Endpt 13 OUT Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FF6
OUT14ADDR
Endpt 14 OUT Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FF7
OUT15ADDR
Endpt 15 OUT Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FF8
IN8ADDR
Endpt 8 IN Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FF9
IN9ADDR
Endpt 9 IN Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FFA
IN19ADDR
Endpt 10 IN Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FFB
IN11ADDR
Endpt 11 IN Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FFC
IN12ADDR
Endpt 12 IN Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FFD
IN13ADDR
Endpt 13 IN Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FFE
IN14ADDR
Endpt 14 IN Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
7FFF
IN15ADDR
Endpt 15 IN Start Addr
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
0
0
EZ-USB TRM v 1.9
EZ-USB Registers
Page 4
C.2.8 Timer 2 ..............................................................................................C-9
C.2.8.1 Timer 2 Mode Control .............................................................C-9
C.2.8.2 16-Bit Timer/Counter Mode ...................................................C-10
C.2.8.3 6-Bit Timer/Counter Mode with Capture ...............................C-11
C.2.8.4 16-Bit Timer/Counter Mode with Auto-Reload .....................C-12
C.2.8.5 Baud Rate Generator Mode ...................................................C-12
C.3
Serial Interface ......................................................................................C-13
C.3.1 803x/805x Compatibility ................................................................C-14
C.3.2 Mode 0 ............................................................................................C-14
C.3.3 Mode 1 ............................................................................................C-19
C.3.3.1 Mode 1 Baud Rate ..................................................................C-19
C.3.3.2 Mode 1 Transmit ....................................................................C-22
C.3.3.3 Mode 1 Receive ......................................................................C-22
C.3.4 Mode 2 ............................................................................................C-24
C.3.4.1 Mode 2 Transmit ....................................................................C-24
C.3.4.2 Mode 2 Receive ......................................................................C-24
C.3.5 Mode 3 ............................................................................................C-26
C.3.6 Multiprocessor Communications ....................................................C-27
C.3.7 Interrupt SFRs .................................................................................C-27
C.4
Interrupt Processing ..............................................................................C-33
C.4.1 Interrupt Masking ...........................................................................C-33
C.4.2 Interrupt Priorities ...........................................................................C-34
C.4.3 Interrupt Sampling ..........................................................................C-35
C.4.4 Interrupt Latency .............................................................................C-36
C.4.5 Single-Step Operation .....................................................................C-36
C.5
Reset ......................................................................................................C-36
C.6
Power Saving Modes ............................................................................C-36
C.6.1 Idle Mode ........................................................................................C-36
ii
Table of Contents
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
List of Figures
Figure A-1.
Figure B-1.
Figure B-2
Figure B-3
Figure C-1.
Figure C-2.
Figure C-3.
Figure C-4.
Figure C-5.
Figure C-6.
Figure C-7.
Figure C-8.
Figure C-9.
Figure C-10.
Figure C-11.
Figure C-12.
Figure C-13.
Figure C-14.
Figure C-15.
Figure C-16.
Comparative Timing of 8051 and Industry Standard 8051 . . . . . . . . . . A-3
8051 Block Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-1
Internal RAM Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-3
CPU Timing for Single-Cycle Instruction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-10
Timer 0/1 - Modes 0 and 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-3
Timer 0/1 - Mode 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-6
Timer 0 - Mode 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-7
Timer 2 - Timer/Counter with Capture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-11
Timer 2 - Timer/Counter with Auto Reload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-12
Timer 2 - Baud Rate Generator Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-13
Serial Port Mode 0 Receive Timing - Low Speed Operation . . . . . . . C-17
Serial Port Mode 0 Receive Timing - High Speed Operation . . . . . . . C-17
Serial Port Mode 0 Transmit Timing - Low Speed Operation . . . . . . C-18
Serial Port Mode 0 Transmit Timing - High Speed Operation . . . . . . C-18
Serial Port 0 Mode 1 Transmit Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-23
Serial Port 0 Mode 1 Receive Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-23
Serial Port 0 Mode 2 Transmit Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-25
Serial Port 0 Mode 2 Receive Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-25
Serial Port 0 Mode 3 Transmit Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-26
Serial Port 0 Mode 3 Receive Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-26
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
List of Figures
iii
iv
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
List of Tables
Table A-1.
Table B-1.
Table B-2.
Table B-3.
Table B-4.
Table B-5.
Table B-6.
Table C-1.
Table C-2.
Table C-3.
Table C-4.
Table C-5.
Table C-6.
Table C-7.
Table C-8.
Table C-9.
Table C-10.
Table C-11.
Table C-12.
Table C-13.
Table C-14.
Table C-15.
Table C-16.
Table C-17.
Table C-18.
Table C-19.
Table C-20.
v
Feature Summary of 8051 Core and Common 803x/805x Configurations A-4
Legend for Instruction Set Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-4
8051 Instruction Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-5
Data Memory Stretch Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-11
Special Function Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-13
Special Function Register Reset Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-14
PSW Register - SFR D0h . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-16
Timer/Counter Implementation Comparison . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-2
TMOD Register - SFR 89h . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-4
TCON Register - SRF 88h . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-5
CKCON Register - SRF 8Eh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-8
Timer 2 Mode Control Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-9
T2CON Register - SFR C8h . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-10
Serial Port Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-14
SCON0 Register - SFR 98h . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-15
SCON1 Register - SFR C0h . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-16
Timer 1 Reload Values for Common Serial Port Mode 1 Baud Rates . C-20
Timer 2 Reload Values for Common Serial port Mode 1 Baud Rates . . C-21
IE Register - SFR A8h . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-28
IP Register - SFR B8h . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-29
EXIF Register - SFR 91h . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-30
EICON Register - SFR D8h . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-31
EIE Register - SFR E8h . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-32
EIP Register - SFR F8h . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-33
Interrupt Natural Vectors and Priorities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-34
Interrupt Flags, Enables, and Priority Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-35
PCON Register - SFR 87h . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-37
List of Tables
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Appendix A: 8051 Introduction
A.1
Introduction
The EZ-USB contains an 8051 core that is binary compatible with the industry standard 8051
instruction set. This appendix provides an overview of the 8051 core features. the topics are:
•
New 8051 Features
•
Performance Overview
•
Software Compatibility
•
803x/805x Feature Comparison
•
8051/DS80C320 Differences
A.2
8051 Features
The 8051 core provides the following design features and enhancements to the standard 8051
micro-controller:
•
•
Compatible with industry standard 803x/805x:
-
Standard 8051 instruction set
-
Two full-duplex serial ports
-
Three timers
High speed architecture:
-
4 clocks/instruction cycle
-
2.5X average improvement in instruction execution time over the standard 8051
-
Runs DC to 25-MHz clock
-
Wasted bus cycles eliminated
-
Dual data pointers
•
256 Bytes internal data RAM
•
High-speed external memory interface with 16-bit address bus
•
Variable length MOVX to access fast/slow RAM peripherals
•
Fully static synchronous design
•
Supports industry standard compilers, assemblers, emulators, and ROM monitors
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Appendix A: 8051 Introduction
A-1
A.3
Performance Overview
The 8051 core has been designed to offer increased performance by executing instructions in a
4-clock bus cycle, as opposed to the 12-clock bus cycle in the standard 8051 (see Figure A-1.).
The shortened bus timing improves the instruction execution rate for most instructions by a
factor of three over the standard 8051 architectures.
Some instructions require a different number of instruction cycles on the 8051 core than they
do on the standard 8051. In the standard 8051, all instructions except for MUL and DIV take
one or two instruction cycles to complete. In the 8051 core, instructions can take between one
and five instruction cycles to complete. The average speed improvement for the entire
instruction set is approximately 2.5X, calculated as follows:
Number of Opcodes
Speed Improvement
150
3.0X
51
1.5X
43
2.0X
2
2.4X
Total: 255
Average: 2.5X
Note: Comparison is for 8051 and standard 8051
running at the same clock frequency.
A-2
Appendix A: 8051 Introduction
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
8051 Timing
single byte single cycle instruction
ALE
PSEN#
AD0-AD7
PORT2
4
XTAL1
12
ALE
PSEN#
AD0-AD7
PORT2
single byte single cycle instruction
Standard 8051 Timing
Figure A-1. Comparative Timing of 8051 and Industry Standard 8051
A.4
Software Compatibility
The 8051 core is object code compatible with the industry standard 8051 micro-controller.
That is, object code compiled with an industry standard 8051 compiler or assembler will
execute on the 8051 core and will be functionally equivalent. However, because the 8051 core
uses a different instruction timing than the standard 8051, existing code with timing loops
may require modification.
The “Instruction Set” in Table B-2 on page B-5 lists the number of instruction cycles required
to perform each instruction on the 8051 core. The 8051 instruction cycle timing and number
of instruction cycles required for each instruction are compatible with the Dallas
Semiconductor DS80C320.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Appendix A: 8051 Introduction
A-3
A.5
803x/805x Feature Comparison
Table A-1. provides a feature-by-feature comparison of the 8051 core and several common
803x/805x configurations.
Table A-1. Feature Summary of 8051 Core and Common 803x/805x Configurations
Intel
Feature
Dallas
DS80C320
Anchor
8051
8031
8051
80C32
80C52
12
12
12
12
4
4
-
4 KB
ROM
-
8 KB
ROM
-
8 K RAM
Internal RAM
128 bytes
128 bytes
256 bytes
256 bytes
256 bytes
256 bytes
Data Pointers
1
1
1
1
2
2
Serial Ports
1
1
1
1
2
2
16-bit Timers
2
2
3
3
3
3
Interrupt sources (total of int.
and ext.)
5
5
6
6
13
13
Stretch memory cycles
no
no
no
no
yes
yes
Clocks per instruction cycle
Program / Data Memory
A-4
Appendix A: 8051 Introduction
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
A.6
8051 Core/DS80C320 Differences
The 8051 core is similar to the DS80C320 in terms of hardware features and instruction cycle
timing. However, there are some important differences between the 8051 core and the
DS80C320.
A.6.1 Serial Ports
The 8051 core does not implement serial port framing error detection and does not implement
slave address comparison for multiprocessor communications. Therefore, the 8051 core also
does not implement the following SFRs: SADDR0, SADDR1, SADEN0, and SADEN1.
A.6.2 Timer 2
The 8051 core does not implement Timer 2 downcounting mode or the downcount enable bit
(TMOD2, bit 0). Also, the 8051 core does not implement Timer 2 output enable (T2OE) bit
(TMOD2, bit 1). Therefore, the TMOD2 SFR is also not implemented in the 8051 core.
Also, the 8051 core Timer 2 overflow output is active for one clock cycle. In the DS80C320,
the Timer 2 overflow output is a square wave with a 50% duty cycle.
A.6.3 Timed Access Protection
The 8051 core does not implement timed access protection and therefore, does not implement
the TA SFR.
A.6.4 Watchdog Timer
The EZ-USB/8051 does not implement a watchdog timer.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Appendix A: 8051 Introduction
A-5
A-6
Appendix A: 8051 Introduction
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Appendix B: 8051 Architectural Overview
B.1
Introduction
This appendix provides a technical overview and description of the 8051 core architecture.
PC4/TO, PC5/T1
8051
PA0/t0_out,
PA1/t0_out
8051_cpu
8051_timer2
8051_timer
8051_ram_128
Timer 2
Timers 0 and 1
PB0/T2
PB1/t2ex
PB7/t2out
(80..FFh indirect)
8051_ram_128
(lower 128 Byte RAM)
(0..7Fh direct/indirect)
8051_serial
8051_intr_0
or
8051_alu
Serial Port 0
8051_intr_1
PC1/TxD0
PC0/rxd0in
PA6/rxd0out
Interrupt Unit
8051_serial
8051_
8051_control
main_regs
Serial Port 1
PB3/txd1
PB2/rxd1in
PA7/rxd1out
interrupts
8051_biu
port_control
A15-A0
D7 - D0
CLK24
RESET#
8051_op_decoder
Figure B-1. 8051 Block Diagram
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Appendix B: 8051 Architectural Overview
B-1
B.1.1 Memory Organization
Memory organization in the 8051 core is similar to that of the industry standard 8051. There
are three distinct memory areas: program memory (ROM), data memory (external RAM), and
registers (internal RAM).
B.1.1.1 Program Memory
The EZ-USB provides 8K of data that is mapped as both program and data memory at
addresses 0x0000-0x1B3F. In addition, the bulk endpoint buffers may be used as external data
memory if they are not used as endpoint buffers. See Chapter 3, "EZ-USB Memory" for more
details.
B.1.1.2 External RAM
The EZ-USB chip has dedicated address and data pins, so port 2 and port 0 are not used to
access the memory bus. As shown in Chapter 3, "EZ-USB Memory", the EZ-USB is
expandable to over 100K of external program and data memory.
B.1.1.3 Internal RAM
The internal RAM (Figure B-2) consists of:
•
128 bytes of registers and scratch pad memory accessible through direct or indirect
addressing (addresses 00h–7Fh).
•
A 128 register space for special function registers (SFRs) accessible through direct
addressing (addresses 80h–FFh).
•
Upper 128 bytes of scratch pad memory accessible through indirect addressing
(addresses 80h–FFh).
Although the SFR space and the upper 128 bytes of RAM share the same address range, the
actual address space is separate and is differentiated by the type of addressing. Direct
addressing accesses the SFRs, and indirect addressing accesses the upper 128 bytes of RAM.
The lower 128 bytes are organized as shown in Figure B-2. The lower 32 bytes (0x00-0xIF)
form four banks of eight registers (R0–R7). Two bits on the program status word (PSW) select
which bank is in use. The next 16 bytes (0x20 - 0x2F) form a block of bit-addressable memory
space at bit addresses 0h-7Fh. All of the bytes in the lower 128 bytes are accessible through
direct or indirect addressing.
The SFRs occupy addresses 80h–FFh and are only accessible through direct addressing. Most
SFRs are reserved for specific functions as described in the “Special Function Registers” on
page B-12.
SFR addresses ending in 0h or 8h are bit-addressable.
B-2
Appendix B: 8051 Architectural Overview
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
B.1.2 Instruction Set
All 8051 instructions are binary code compatible and perform the same functions as they do
with the industry standard 8051. The effects of these instructions on bits, flags, and other
status functions is identical to the industry standard 8051. However, the timing of the
instructions is different, both in terms of number of clock cycles per instruction cycle and
timing within the instruction cycle.
Figure B-2 lists the 8051 instruction set and the number of instruction cycles required to
complete each instruction. Table B-1. defines the symbols and mnemonics used in Table B-2.
Lower 128 bytes
Indirect addressing only
7Fh
FFh
Direct RAM
30h
2Fh 7F
...
78
Bank
.
Select
Bit-Addressable
.
(PSW bits
Registers
.
4,3)
11
10
01
00
20h 07
1Fh
18h
17h
10h
0Fh
08h
07h
00h
...
FFh
Upper 128
bytes
(optional)
SFR space
80h
7Fh
80h
Lower 128
bytes
00
Direct addressing only
Bank 3
Bank 2
Bank 1
00h
Direct or indirect addressing
Bank 0
Figure B-2 Internal RAM Organization
EZ-USB v1.9
Appendix B: 8051 Architectural Overview
B-3
Table B-1. Legend for Instruction Set Table
Symbol
B-4
Function
A
Accumulator
Rn
Register R7–R0
direct
Internal register address
@Ri
Internal register pointed to by R0 or R1 (except MOVX)
rel
Two’s complement offset byte
bit
Direct bit address
#data
8-bit constant
#data 16
16-bit constant
addr 16
16-bit destination address
addr 11
11-bit destination address
Appendix B: 8051 Architectural Overview
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Table B-2. 8051 Instruction Set
Mnemonic
Description
Byte
Instr.
Cycles
Hex
Code
Arithmetic
ADD A, Rn
Add register to A
1
1
28-2F
ADD A, direct
Add direct byte to A
2
2
25
ADD A, @Ri
Add data memory to A
1
1
26-27
ADDC A, #data
Add immediate to A
2
2
24
ADDC A, Rn
Add register to A with carry
1
1
38-3F
ADDC A, direct
Add direct byte to A with carry
2
2
35
ADDC A, @Ri
Add data memory to A with carry
1
1
36-37
ADDC A, #data
Add immediate to A with carry
2
2
34
SUBB A, Rn
Subtract register from A with borrow
1
1
98-9F
SUBB A, direct
Subtract direct byte from A with borrow
2
2
95
SUBB A, @Ri
Subtract data memory from A with borrow
1
1
96-97
SUBB A, #data
Subtract immediate from A with borrow
2
2
94
INC A
increment A
1
1
04
INC Rn
Increment register
1
1
08-0F
INC direct
Increment direct byte
2
2
05
INC @ Ri
Increment data memory
1
1
06-07
DEC A
Decrement A
1
1
14
DEC Rn
Decrement Register
1
1
18-1F
DEC direct
Decrement direct byte
2
2
15
DEC @Ri
Decrement data memory
1
1
16-17
INC DPTR
Increment data pointer
1
3
A3
MUL AB
Multiply A by B
1
5
A4
DIV AB
Divide A by B
1
5
84
DA A
Decimal adjust A
1
1
D4
EZ-USB v1.9
Appendix B: 8051 Architectural Overview
B-5
Table B-2. 8051 Instruction Set
Mnemonic
Description
Byte
Instr.
Cycles
Hex
Code
Logical
B-6
ANL, Rn
AND register to A
1
1
58-5F
ANL A, direct
AND direct byte to A
2
2
55
ANL A, @Ri
AND data memory to A
1
1
56-57
ANL A, #data
AND immediate to A
2
2
54
ANL direct, A
AND A to direct byte
2
2
52
ANL direct, #data
AND immediate data to direct byte
3
3
53
ORL A, Rn
OR register to A
1
1
48-4F
ORL A, direct
OR direct byte to A
2
2
45
ORL A, @Ri
OR data memory to A
1
1
46-47
ORL A, #data
OR immediate to A
2
2
44
ORL direct, A
OR A to direct byte
2
2
42
ORL direct, #data
OR immediate data to direct byte
3
3
43
XORL A, Rn
Exclusive-OR register to A
1
1
68-6F
XORL A, direct
Exclusive-OR direct byte to A
2
2
65
XORL A, @Ri
Exclusive-OR data memory to A
1
1
66-67
XORL A, #data
Exclusive-OR immediate to A
2
2
64
XORL direct, A
Exclusive-OR A to direct byte
2
2
62
XORL direct, #data
Exclusive-OR immediate data to direct byte
3
3
63
CLR A
Clear A
1
1
E4
CPL A
Complement A
1
1
F4
SWAP A
Swap nibbles of a
1
1
C4
RL A
Rotate A left
1
1
23
RLC A
Rotate A left through carry
1
1
33
RRA
Rotate A right
1
1
03
RRC A
Rotate A right through carry
1
1
13
Appendix B: 8051 Architectural Overview
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Table B-2. 8051 Instruction Set
Mnemonic
Description
Byte
Instr.
Cycles
Hex
Code
Data Transfer
MOV A, Rn
Move register to A
1
1
E8-EF
MOV A, direct
Move direct byte to A
2
2
E5
MOV A, @Ri
Move data memory to A
1
1
E6-E7
MOV A, #data
Move immediate to A
2
2
74
MOV Rn, A
Move A to register
1
1
F8-FF
MOV Rn, direct
Move direct byte to register
2
2
A8-AF
MOV Rn, #data
Move immediate to register
2
2
78-7F
MOV direct, A
Move A to direct byte
2
2
F5
MOV direct, Rn
Move register to direct byte
2
2
88-8F
MOV direct, direct
Move direct byte to direct byte
3
3
85
MOV direct, @Ri
Move data memory to direct byte
2
2
86-87
MOV direct, #data
Move immediate to direct byte
3
3
75
MOV @Ri, A
MOV A to data memory
1
1
F6-F7
MOV @Ri, direct
Move direct byte to data memory
2
2
A6-A7
MOV @Ri, #data
Move immediate to data memory
2
2
76-77
MOV DPTR, #data
Move immediate to data pointer
3
3
90
MOVC A, @A+DPTR Move code byte relative DPTR to A
1
3
93
MOVC A, @A+PC
Move code byte relative PC to A
1
3
83
MOVX A, @Ri
Move external data (A8) to A
1
2-9*
E2-E3
MOVX A, @DPTR
Move external data (A16) to A
1
2-9*
E0
MOVX @Ri, A
Move A to external data (A8)
1
2-9*
F2-F3
MOVX @DPTR, A
Move A to external data (A16)
1
2-9*
F0
PUSH direct
Push direct byte onto stack
2
2
C0
POP direct
Pop direct byte from stack
2
2
D0
XCH A, Rn
Exchange A and register
1
1
C8-CF
XCH A, direct
Exchange A and direct byte
2
2
C5
EZ-USB v1.9
Appendix B: 8051 Architectural Overview
B-7
Table B-2. 8051 Instruction Set
Mnemonic
Description
Byte
Instr.
Cycles
Hex
Code
XCH A, @Ri
Exchange A and data memory
1
1
C6-C7
XCHD A, @Ri
Exchange A and data memory nibble
1
1
D6-D7
* Number of cycles is user-selectable. See “Stretch Memory Cycles (Wait States)” on page B-10.
Boolean
CLR C
Clear carry
1
1
C3
CLR bit
Clear direct bit
2
2
C2
SETB C
Set carry
1
1
D3
SETB bit
Set direct bit
2
2
D2
CPL C
Complement carry
1
1
B3
CPL bit
Complement direct bit
2
2
B2
ANL C, bit
AND direct bit to carry
2
2
82
ANL C, /bit
AND direct bit inverse to carry
2
2
B0
ORL C, bit
OR direct bit to carry
2
2
72
ORL C, /bit
OR direct bit inverse to carry
2
2
A0
MOV C, bit
Move direct bit to carry
2
2
A2
MOV bit, C
Move carry to direct bit
2
2
92
Branching
B-8
ACALL addr 11
Absolute call to subroutine
2
3
11-F1
LCALL addr 16
Long call to subroutine
3
4
12
RET
Return from subroutine
1
4
22
RETI
Return from interrupt
1
4
32
AJMP addr 11
Absolute jump unconditional
2
3
01-E1
LJMP addr 16
Long jump unconditional
3
4
02
SJMP rel
Short jump (relative address)
2
3
80
JC rel
Jump on carry = 1
2
3
40
JNC rel
Jump on carry = 0
2
3
50
JB bit, rel
Jump on direct bit = 1
3
4
20
Appendix B: 8051 Architectural Overview
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Table B-2. 8051 Instruction Set
Mnemonic
Description
Byte
Instr.
Cycles
Hex
Code
JNB bit, rel
Jump on direct bit = 0
3
4
30
JBC bit, rel
Jump on direct bit = 1 and clear
3
4
10
JMP @ A+DPTR
Jump indirect relative DPTR
1
3
73
JZ rel
Jump on accumulator = 0
2
3
60
JNZ rel
Jump on accumulator /= 0
2
3
70
CJNE A, direct, rel
Compare A, direct JNE relative
3
4
B5
CJNE A, #d, rel
Compare A, immediate JNE relative
3
4
B4
CJNE Rn, #d, rel
Compare reg, immediate JNE relative
3
4
B8-BF
CJNE @ Ri, #d, rel
Compare Ind, immediate JNE relative
3
4
B6-B7
DJNZ Rn, rel
Decrement register, JNZ relative
2
3
D8-DF
DJNZ direct, rel
Decrement direct byte, JNZ relative
3
4
D5
1
1
00
Miscellaneous
NOP
No operation
There is an additional reserved opcode (A5) that performs the same function as NOP. All mnemonics
are copyrighted. Intel Corporation 1980.
B.1.3 Instruction Timing
Instruction cycles in the 8051 core are 4 clock cycles in length, as opposed to the 12 clock
cycles per instruction cycle in the standard 8051. This translates to a 3X improvement in
execution time for most instructions.
Some instructions require a different number of instruction cycles on the 8051 core than they
do on the standard 8051. In the standard 8051, all instructions except for MUL and DIV take
one or two instruction cycles to complete. In the 8051 core, instructions can take between one
and five instruction cycles to complete.
For example, in the standard 8051, the instructions MOVX A, @DPTR and MOV direct,
direct each take 2 instruction cycles (24 clock cycles) to execute. In the 8051 core, MOVX
A, @DPTR takes two instruction cycles (8 clock cycles) and MOV direct, direct takes
three instruction cycles (12 clock cycles). Both instructions execute faster on the 8051 core
than they do on the standard 8051, but require different numbers of clock cycles.
For timing of real-time events, use the numbers of instruction cycles from Table B-1. to
calculate the timing of software loops. The bytes column indicates the number of memory
EZ-USB v1.9
Appendix B: 8051 Architectural Overview
B-9
accesses (bytes) needed to execute the instruction. In most cases, the number of bytes is equal to
the number of instruction cycles required to complete the instruction. However, as indicated,
there are some instructions (for example, DIV and MUL) that require a greater number of
instruction cycles than memory accesses.
By default, the 8051 core timer/counters run at 12 clock cycles per increment so that timerbased events have the same timing as with the standard 8051. The timers can also be configured
to run at 4 clock cycles per increment to take advantage of the higher speed of the 8051 core.
B.1.4 CPU Timing
As previously stated, an 8051 core instruction cycle consists of 4 CLK24 cycles. Each CLK24
cycle forms a CPU cycle. Therefore, an instruction cycle consists of 4 CPU cycles: C1, C2, C3,
and C4, as illustrated in Figure B-3. Various events occur in each CPU cycle, depending on the
type of instruction being executed. The labels C1, C2, C3, and C4 in timing descriptions refer to
the 4 CPU cycles within a particular instruction cycle.
The execution for instruction n is performed during the fetch of instruction n+1. Data writes
occur during fetch of instruction n+2. The level sensitive interrupts are sampled with the rising
edge of CLK24 at the end of C3.
CLK24
Instruction cycle
CPU cycle
n+1
C1
C2
C3
n+2
C4
C1
C2
C3
C4
C1
Figure B-3 CPU Timing for Single-Cycle Instruction
B.1.5 Stretch Memory Cycles (Wait States)
The stretch memory cycle feature enables application software to adjust the speed of data
memory access. The 8051 core can execute the MOVX instruction in as few as 2 instruction
cycles. However, it is sometimes desirable to stretch this value; for example to access slow
memory or slow memory-mapped peripherals such as UARTs or LCDs.
The three LSBs of the Clock Control Register (at SFR location 8Eh) control the stretch value.
You can use stretch values between zero and seven. A stretch value of zero adds zero instruction
cycles, resulting in MOVX instructions executing in two instruction cycles. A stretch value of
seven adds seven instruction cycles, resulting in MOVX instructions executing in nine instruction
cycles. The stretch value can be changed dynamically under program control.
B - 10
Appendix B: 8051 Architectural Overview
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
By default, the stretch value resets to one (three cycle MOVX). For full-speed data memory
access, the software must set the stretch value to zero. The stretch value affects only data
memory access (not program memory).
The stretch value affects the width of the read/write strobe and all related timing. Using a
higher stretch value results in a wider read/write strobe, which allows the memory or
peripheral more time to respond.
Table B-3. lists the data memory access speeds for stretch values zero through seven. MD2–0
are the three LSBs of the Clock Control Register (CKCON.2–0).
Table B-3. Data Memory Stretch Values
MD2
MD1
MD0
Memory
Cycles
Read/Write
Strobe Width
(Clocks)
Strobe Width
@ 24MHz
0
0
0
2
2
83.3 ns
0
0
1
3 (default)
4
166.7 ns
0
1
0
4
8
333.3 ns
0
1
1
5
12
500 ns
1
0
0
6
16
666.7 ns
1
0
1
7
20
833.3 ns
1
1
0
8
24
1000 ns
1
1
1
9
28
1166.7 ns
B.1.6 Dual Data Pointers
The 8051core employs dual data pointers to accelerate data memory block moves. The
standard 8051 data pointer (DPTR) is a 16-bit value used to address external data RAM or
peripherals. The 8051 maintains the standard data pointer as DPTR0 at SFR locations 82h
(DPL0) and 83h (DPH0). It is not necessary to modify existing code to use DPTR0.
The 8051 core adds a second data pointer (DPTR1) at SFR locations 84h (DPL1) and 85h
(DPH1). The SEL bit in the DPTR Select register, DPS (SFR 86h), selects the active pointer.
When SEL = 0, instructions that use the DPTR will use DPL0 and DPH0. When SEL = 1,
instructions that use the DPTR will use DPL1 and DPH1. SEL is the bit 0 of SFR location
86h. No other bits of SFR location 86h are used.
EZ-USB v1.9
Appendix B: 8051 Architectural Overview
B - 11
All DPTR-related instructions use the currently selected data pointer. To switch the active
pointer, toggle the SEL bit. The fastest way to do so is to use the increment instruction (INC
DPS). This requires only one instruction to switch from a source address to a destination
address, saving application code from having to save source and destination addresses when
doing a block move.
Using dual data pointers provides significantly increased efficiency when moving large blocks
of data.
The SFR locations related to the dual data pointers are:
82h
83h
84h
85h
86h
DPL0
DPH0
DPL1
DPH1
DPS
DPTR0 low byte
DPTR0 high byte
DPTR1 low byte
DPTR1 high byte
DPTR Select (Bit 0)
B.1.7 Special Function Registers
The Special Function Registers (SFRs) control several of the features of the 8051. Most of the
8051 core SFRs are identical to the standard 8051 SFRs. However, there are additional SFRs
that control features that are not available in the standard 8051.
Table B-4. lists the 8051 core SFRs and indicates which SFRs are not included in the standard
8051 SFR space.
In Table B-5., SFR bit positions that contain a 0 or a 1 cannot be written to and, when read,
always return the value shown (0 or 1). SFR bit positions that contain “-” are available but not
used. Table B-5. lists the reset values for the SFRs.
The following SFRs are related to CPU operation and program execution:
81h
D0h
E0h
F0h
SP
PSW
ACC
B
Stack Pointer
Program Status Word ()
Accumulator Register
B Register
Table B-6. lists the functions of the bits in the PSW SFR. Detailed descriptions of the
remaining SFRs appear with the associated hardware descriptions in Appendix C of this
databook.
B - 12
Appendix B: 8051 Architectural Overview
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Table B-4. Special Function Registers
Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Addr
SP
81h
DPL0
82h
DPH0
83h
DPL1(1)
84h
DPH1(1)
85h
DPS(1)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
SEL
86h
PCON
SMOD0
-
1
1
GF1
GF0
STOP
IDLE
87h
TCON
TF1
TR1
TF0
TR0
IE1
IT1
IE0
IT0
88h
TMOD
GATE
C/T
M1
M0
GATE
C/T
M1
M0
89h
TL0
8Ah
TL1
8Bh
TH0
8Ch
TH1
8Dh
CKCON(1)
-
-
T2M
T1M
T0M
MD2
MD1
MD0
8Eh
SPC_FNC(1)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
WRS
8Fh
IE5
IE4
I2CINT
USBINT
1
0
0
0
91h
EXIF(1)
92h
MPAGE(1)
SCON0
SM0_0
SM1_0
SM2_0
REN_0
TB8_0
RB8_0
TI_0
RI_0
SBUF0
98h
99h
IE
EA
ES1
ET2
ES0
ET1
EX1
ET0
EX0
A8h
IP
1
PS1
PT2
PS0
PT1
PX1
PT0
PX0
B8h
SM0_1
SM1_1
SM2_1
REN_1
TB8_1
RB8_1
TI_1
RI_1
C0h
SCON1(1)
C1h
SBUF1(1)
T2CON
TF2
EXF2
RCLK
TCLK
EXEN2
TR2
C/T2
CP/RL2
C8h
RCAP2L
CAh
RCAP2H
CBh
TL2
CCh
EZ-USB v1.9
Appendix B: 8051 Architectural Overview
B - 13
Table B-4. Special Function Registers
Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
TH2
Addr
CDh
PSW
EICON(1)
CY
AC
F0
RS1
RS0
OV
F1
P
D0h
SMOD1
1
ERESI
RESI
INT6
0
0
0
D8h
ACC
E0H
1
EIE(1)
1
1
EWDI
EX5
EX4
EI2C
EUSB
B
E8h
F0h
1
EIP(1)
(1)
1
1
PX6
PX5
PX4
PI2C
PUSB
F8h
Not part of standard 8051 architecture.
Table B-5. Special Function Register Reset Values
Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Addr
SP
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
81h
DPL0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
82h
DPH0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
83h
DPL1(1)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
84h
DPH1(1)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
85h
DPS(1)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
86h
PCON
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
87h
TCON
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
88h
TMOD
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
89h
TL0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
8Ah
TL1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
8Bh
TH0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
8Ch
TH1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
8Dh
CKCON(1)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
8Eh
SPC_FNC(1)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
8Fh
EXIF(1)
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
91h
B - 14
Appendix B: 8051 Architectural Overview
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Table B-5. Special Function Register Reset Values
Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Addr
MPAGE(1)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
92h
SCON0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
98h
SBUF0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
99h
IE
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
A8h
IP
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
B8h
SCON1(1)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
C0h
SBUF1(1)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
C1h
T2CON
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
C8h
RCAP2L
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
CAh
RCAP2H
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
CBh
TL2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
CCh
TH2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
CDh
PSW
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
D0h
EICON(1)
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
D8h
ACC
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
E0H
EIE(1)
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
E8h
B
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
F0h
EIP(1)
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
F8h
(1)
Not part of standard 8051 architecture.
EZ-USB v1.9
Appendix B: 8051 Architectural Overview
B - 15
Table B-6. PSW Register - SFR D0h
B - 16
Bit
Function
PSW.7
CY - Carry flag. This is the unsigned carry bit. The CY flag is
set when an arithmetic operation results in a carry from bit 7 to
bit 8, and cleared otherwise. In other words, it acts as a virtual
bit 8. The CY flag is cleared on multiplication and division.
PSW.6
AC - Auxiliary carry flag. Set to 1 when the last arithmetic
operation resulted in a carry into (during addition) or borrow
from (during subtraction) the high order nibble, otherwise
cleared to 0 by all arithmetic operations.
PSW.5
F0 - User flag 0. Bit-addressable, general purpose flag for
software control.
PSW.4
RS1 - Register bank select bit 1. used with RS0 to select a
register bank in internal RAM.
PSW.3
RS0 - Register bank select bit 0, decoded as:
RS1 RS0 Banks Selected
0
0
Register bank 0, addresses 00h-07h
0
1
Register bank 1, addresses 08h-0Fh
1
0
Register bank 2, addresses 10h-17h
1
1
Register bank 3, addresses 18h-1Fh
PSW.2
OV - Overflow flag. This is the signed carry bit. The OV flag
is set when a positive sum exceeds 7fh, or a negative sum (in
two’s compliment notation) exceeds 80h. On a multiply, if OV
= 1, the result of the multiply is greater than FFh. On a divide,
OV = 1 on a divide by 0.
PSW.1
F1 - User flag 1. Bit-addressable, general purpose flag for
software control.
PSW.0
P - Parity flag. Set to 1 when the modulo-2 sum of the 8 bits in
the accumulator is 1 (odd parity), cleared to 0 on even parity.
Appendix B: 8051 Architectural Overview
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
C.1
Introduction
This chapter provides technical data about the 8051 core hardware operation and timing. The
topics are:
•
Timers/Counters
•
Serial Interface
•
Interrupts
•
Reset
•
Power Saving Modes
C.2
Timers/Counters
The 8051 core includes three timer/counters (Timer 0, Timer 1, and Timer 2). Each timer/
counter can operate as either a timer with a clock rate based on the CLK24 pin, or as an event
counter clocked by the T0 pin (Timer 0), T1 pin (Timer 1), or the T2 pin (Timer 2).
Each timer/counter consists of a 16-bit register that is accessible to software as two SFRs:
•
Timer 0 - TL0 and TH0
•
Timer 1 - TL1 and TH1
•
Timer 2 - TL2 and TH2
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
C-1
C.2.1 803x/805x Compatibility
The implementation of the timers/counters is similar to that of the Dallas Semiconductor
DS80C320. Table C-1. summarizes the differences in timer/counter implementation between
the Intel 8051, the Dallas Semiconductor DS80C320, and the 8051 core.
Table C-1. Timer/Counter Implementation Comparison
Intel 8051
Dallas
DS80C320
8051
2
3
3
not
implemented
not
implemented
T0OUT, T1OUT
(one CLK24 pulse)
Timer 2 output enable
n/a
implemented
not implemented
Timer 2 downcount enable
n/a
implemented
not implemented
Timer 2 overflow available
as output signal
n/a
implemented
T2OUT
(one CLK24 pulse)
Feature
Number of timers
Timer 0/1 overflow
available as output signals
C.2.2 Timers 0 and 1
Timers 0 and 1 each operate in four modes, as controlled through the TMOD SFR (Table C-2.)
and the TCON SFR (Table C-3.). The four modes are:
•
13-bit timer/counter (mode 0)
•
16-bit timer/counter (mode 1)
•
8-bit counter with auto-reload (mode 2)
•
Two 8-bit counters (mode 3, Timer 0 only)
C.2.3 Mode 0
Mode 0 operation, illustrated in Figure C-1., is the same for Timer 0 and Timer 1. In mode 0,
the timer is configured as a 13-bit counter that uses bits 0-4 of TL0 (or TL1) and all 8 bits of
TH0 (or TH1). The timer enable bit (TR0/TR1) in the TCON SFR starts the timer. The C/T bit
selects the timer/counter clock source, CLK24 or the T0/T1 pins.
The timer counts transitions from the selected source as long as the GATE bit is 0, or the
GATE bit is 1 and the corresponding interrupt pin (INT0# or INT1#) is 1.
When the 13-bit count increments from 1FFFh (all ones), the counter rolls over to all zeros,
the TF0 (or TF1) bit is set in the TCON SFR, and the T0OUT (or T1OUT) pin goes high for
one clock cycle.
C-2
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
The upper 3 bits of TL0 (or TL1) are indeterminate in mode 0 and must be masked when the
software evaluates the register.
Divide by 12
CLK24
T0M (or T1M)
0
1
0
CLK
C/ T
Divide by 4
0
TL0 (or TL1)
7
4
1
Mode 0
T0 (or T1) pin
Mode 1
TR0 (or TR1)
0
TH0 (or TH1) 7
GATE
INT0# pin
(or INT1#)
TF0 (or TF1)
INT
To Serial Port
(Timer 1 only)
Figure C-1. Timer 0/1 - Modes 0 and 1
C.2.4 Mode 1
Mode 1 operation is the same for Timer 0 and Timer 1. In mode 1, the timer is configured as a
16-bit counter. As illustrated in Figure C-1., all 8 bits of the LSB register (TL0 or TL1) are
used. The counter rolls over to all zeros when the count increments from FFFFh. Otherwise,
mode 1 operation is the same as mode 0.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
C-3
Table C-2. TMOD Register - SFR 89h
C-4
Bit
Function
TMOD.7
GATE - Timer 1 gate control. When GATE = 1, Timer 1 will
clock only when INT1# = 1 and TR1 (TCON.6) = 1. When
GATE = 0, Timer 1 will clock only when TR1 = 1, regardless
of the state of INT1#.
TMOD.6
C/ T - Counter/Timer select. When C/ T = 0, Timer 1 is
clocked by CLK24/4 or CLK24/12, depending on the state of
T1M (CKCON.4). When C/ T = 1, Timer 1 is clocked by
the T1 pin.
TMOD.5
M1 - Timer 1 mode select bit 1.
TMOD.4
M0 - Timer 1 mode select bit 0, decoded as:
M1 M0 Mode
0
0
Mode 0 : 13-bit counter
0
1
Mode 1 : 16-bit counter
1
0
Mode 2 : 8-bit counter with auto-reload
1
1
Mode 3 : Timer 1 stopped
TMOD.3
GATE - Timer 0 gate control, When GATE = 1, Timer 0 will
clock only when INT0 = 1 and TR0 (TCON.4) = 1. When
GATE = 0, Timer 0 will clock only when TR0 = 1, regardless
of the state of INT0.
TMOD.2
C/ T - Counter/Timer select. When C/ T = 0, Timer 0 is
clocked by CLK24/4 or CLK24/12, depending on the state of
T0M (CKCON.3). When C/ T = 1, Timer 0 is clocked by
the T0 pin.
TMOD.1
M1 - Timer 0 mode select bit 1.
TMOD.0
M0 - Timer 0 mode select bit 0, decoded as:
M1 M0 Mode
0
0
Mode 0 : 13-bit counter
0
1
Mode 1 : 16-bit counter
1
0
Mode 2 : 8-bit counter with auto-reload
1
1
Mode 3 : Two 8-bit counters
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Table C-3. TCON Register - SRF 88h
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Bit
Function
TCON.7
TF1 - Timer 1 overflow flag. Set to 1 when the Timer 1 count
overflows and cleared when the processor vectors to the
interrupt service routine.
TCON.6
TR1 - Timer 1 run control. Set to 1 to enable counting on
Timer 1.
TCON.5
TF0 - Timer 0 overflow flag. Set to 1 when the Timer 0 count
overflows and cleared when the processor vectors to the
interrupt service routine.
TCON.4
TR0 - Timer 0 run control. Set to 1 to enable counting on
Timer 0.
TCON.3
IE1 - Interrupt 1 edge detect. If external interrupt 1 is
configured to be edge-sensitive (IT1 = 1), IE1 is set by
hardware when a negative edge is detected on the INT1 pin
and is automatically cleared when the CPU vectors to the
corresponding interrupt service routine. In this case, IE1 can
also be cleared by software. If external interrupt 1 is
configured to be level-sensitive (IT1 = 0), IE1 is set when the
INT1# pin is 0 and cleared when the INT1# pin is 1. In levelsensitive mode, software cannot write to IE1.
TCON.2
IT1 - Interrupt 1 type select. INT1 is detected on falling edge
when IT1 = 1; INT1 is detected as a low level when IT1 = 0.
TCON.1
IE0 - Interrupt 0 edge detect. If external interrupt 0 is
configured to be edge-sensitive (IT0 = 1), IE0 is set by
hardware when a negative edge is detected on the INT0 pin
and is automatically cleared when the CPU vectors to the
corresponding interrupt service routine. In this case, IE0 can
also be cleared by software. If external interrupt 0 is
configured to be level-sensitive (IT0 = 0), IE0 is set when the
INT0# pin is 0 and cleared when the INT0# pin is 1. In levelsensitive mode, software cannot write to IE0.
TCON.0
IT0 - Interrupt 0 type select. INT0 is detected on falling edge
when IT0 = 1; INT0 is detected as a low level when IT0 = 0.
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
C-5
Divide by 12
T0M (or T1M)
0
CLK24
1
Divide by 4
C/ T
0
TL0 (or TL1)
0
7
RELOAD
1
CLK
T0 (or T1) pin
TR0 (or TR1)
0 TH0 (or TH1) 7
GATE
TF0 (or TF1)
INT0# pin
(or INT1# pin)
INT
To Serial Port
(Timer 1 only)
Figure C-2. Timer 0/1 - Mode 2
C.2.5 Mode 2
Mode 2 operation is the same for Timer 0 and Timer 1. In mode 2, the timer is configured as
an 8-bit counter, with automatic reload of the start value. The LSB register (TL0 or TL1) is the
counter and the MSB register (TH0 or TH1) stores the reload value.
As illustrated in Figure C-2., mode 2 counter control is the same as for mode 0 and mode 1.
However, in mode 2, when TLn increments from FFh, the value stored in THn is reloaded into
TLn.
C-6
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Divide by 12
CLK24
T0M
0
1
Divide by 4
0
C/ T
CLK
7
TL0
0
1
T0 pin
TR0
TF0
INT
TF1
INT
GATE
INT0# pin
0
TH0
7
TR1
Figure C-3. Timer 0 - Mode 3
C.2.6 Mode 3
In mode 3, Timer 0 operates as two 8-bit counters and Timer 1 stops counting and holds its
value.
As shown in Figure C-3., TL0 is configured as an 8-bit counter controlled by the normal
Timer 0 control bits. TL0 can either count CLK24 cycles (divided by 4 or by 12) or high-tolow transitions on T0, as determined by the C/T bit. The GATE function can be used to give
counter enable control to the INT0# pin.
TH0 functions as an independent 8-bit counter. However, TH0 can only count CLK24 cycles
(divided by 4 or by 12). The Timer 1 control and flag bits (TR1 and TF1) are used as the
control and flag bits for TH0.
When Timer 0 is in mode 3, Timer 1 has limited usage because Timer 0 uses the Timer 1
control bit (TR1) and interrupt flag (TF1). Timer 1 can still be used for baud rate generation
and the Timer 1 count values are still available in the TL1 and TH1 registers.
Control of Timer 1 when Timer 0 is in mode 3 is through the Timer 1 mode bits. To turn Timer
1 on, set Timer 1 to mode 0, 1, or 2. To turn Timer 1 off, set it to mode 3. The Timer 1 C/T bit
and T1M bit are still available to Timer 1. Therefore, Timer 1 can count CLK24/4,
CLK24/12, or high-to-low transitions on the T1 pin. The Timer 1 GATE function is also
available when Timer 0 is in mode 3.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
C-7
C.2.7 Timer Rate Control
The default timer clock scheme for the 8051 timers is 12 CLK24 cycles per increment, the
same as in the standard 8051. However, in the 8051, the instruction cycle is 4 CLK24 cycles.
Using the default rate (12 clocks per timer increment) allows existing application code with
real-time dependencies, such as baud rate, to operate properly. However, applications that
require fast timing can set the timers to increment every 4 CLK24 cycles by setting bits in the
Clock Control register (CKCON) at SFR location 8Eh (see Table C-4.).
The CKCON bits that control the timer clock rates are:
CKCON BitCounter/Timer
5
4
3
Timer 2
Timer 1
Timer 0
When a CKCON register bit is set to 1, the associated counter increments at 4-CLK24
intervals. When a CKCON bit is cleared, the associated counter increments at 12-CLK24
intervals. The timer controls are independent of each other. The default setting for all three
timers is 0 (12-CLK24 intervals). These bits have no effect in counter mode.
Table C-4. CKCON Register - SRF 8Eh
Bit
CKCON.7,6
C-8
Function
Reserved
CKCON.5
T2M - Timer 2 clock select. When T2M = 0, Timer 2 uses
CLK24/12 (for compatibility with 80C32); when T2M = 1,
Timer 2 uses CLK24/4. This bit has no effect when Timer 2
is configured for baud rate generation.
CKCON.4
T1M - Timer 1 clock select. When T1M = 0, Timer 1 uses
CLK24/12 (for compatibility with 80C32); when T1M = 1,
Timer 1 uses CLK24/4.
CKCON.3
T0M - Timer 0 clock select. When T0M = 0, Timer 0 uses
CLK24/12 (for compatibility with 80C32); when T0M = 1,
Timer 0 uses CLK24/4.
CKCON.2-0
MD2, MD1, MD0 - Control the number of cycles to be used
for external MOVX instructions.
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
C.2.8 Timer 2
Timer 2 runs only in 16-bit mode and offers several capabilities not available with Timers 0
and 1. The modes available with Timer 2 are:
•
16-bit timer/counter
•
16-bit timer with capture
•
16-bit auto-reload timer/counter
•
Baud rate generator
The SFRs associated with Timer 2 are:
•
T2CON - SFR C8h (Table C-6.)
•
RCAP2L - SFR CAh - Used to capture the TL2 value when Timer 2 is configured for
capture mode, or as the LSB of the 16-bit reload value when Timer 2 is configured for
auto-reload mode.
•
RCAP2H - SFR CBh - Used to capture the TH2 value when Timer 2 is configured for
capture mode, or as the MSB of the 16-bit reload value when Timer 2 is configured for
auto-reload mode.
•
TL2 - SFR CCh - Lower 8 bits of the 16-bit count.
•
TH2 - SFR CDh - Upper 8 bits of the 16-bit count.
C.2.8.1
Timer 2 Mode Control
Table C-5. summarizes how the SFR bits determine the Timer 2 mode.
Table C-5. Timer 2 Mode Control Summary
RCLK
TCLK
CP/RL2
TR2
Mode
0
0
1
1
16-bit timer/counter with capture
0
0
0
1
16-bit timer/counter with auto-reload
1
X
X
1
Baud rate generator
X
1
X
1
Baud rate generator
X
X
X
0
Off
X = Don’t care.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
C-9
C.2.8.2
16-Bit Timer/Counter Mode
Figure C-4. illustrates how Timer 2 operates in timer/counter mode with the optional capture
feature. The C/T2 bit determines whether the 16-bit counter counts CLK24 cycles (divided by
4 or 12), or high-to-low transitions on the T2 pin. The TR2 bit enables the counter. When the
count increments from FFFFh, the TF2 flag is set, and the T2OUT pin goes high for one
CLK24 cycle.
Table C-6. T2CON Register - SFR C8h
C - 10
Bit
Function
T2CON.7
TF2 - Timer 2 overflow flag. Hardware will set TF2 when
the Timer 2 overflows from FFFFh. TF2 must be cleared to 0
by the software. TF2 will only be set to a 1 if RCLK and
TCLK are both cleared to 0. Writing a 1 to TF2 forces a
Timer 2 interrupt if enabled.
T2CON.6
EXF2 - Timer 2 external flag. Hardware will set EXF2 when
a reload or capture is caused by a high-to-low transition on
the T2EX pin, and EXEN2 is set. EXF2 must be cleared to 0
by the software. Writing a 1 to EXF2 forces a Timer 2
interrupt if enabled.
T2CON.5
RCLK - Receive clock flag. Determines whether Timer 1 or
Timer 2 is used for Serial Port 0 timing of received data in
serial mode 1 or 3. RCLK =1 selects Timer 2 overflow as the
receive clock. RCLK =0 selects Timer 1 overflow as the
receive clock.
T2CON.4
TCLK - Transmit clock flag. Determines whether Timer 1 or
Timer 2 is used for Serial Port 0 timing of transmit data in
serial mode 1 or 3. RCLK =1 selects Timer 2 overflow as the
transmit clock. RCLK =0 selects Timer 1 overflow as the
transmit clock.
T2CON.3
EXEN2 - Timer 2 external enable. EXEN2 = 1 enables
capture or reload to occur as a result of a high-to-low
transition on the T2EX pin, if Timer 2 is not generating baud
rates for the serial port. EXEN2 = 0 causes Timer 2 to ignore
all external events on the T2EX pin.
T2CON.2
TR2 - Timer 2 run control flag. TR2 = 1 starts Timer 2. TR2
= 0 stops Timer 2.
T2CON.1
C/T2 - Counter/timer select. C/T2 = 0 selects a timer
function for Timer 2. C/T2 = 1 selects a counter of falling
transitions on the T2 pin. When used as a timer, Timer 2 runs
at 4 clocks per tick or 12 clocks per tick as programmed by
CKCON.5, in all modes except baud rate generator mode.
When used in baud rate generator mode, Timer 2 runs at 2
clocks per tick, independent of the state of CKCON.5.
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Table C-6. T2CON Register - SFR C8h
C.2.8.3
Bit
Function
T2CON.0
CP/RL2 - Capture/reload flag. When CP/RL2 = 1, Timer 2
captures occur on high-to-low transitions of the T2EX pin, if
EXEN2 = 1. When CP/RL2 = 0, auto-reloads occur when
Timer 2 overflows or when high-to-low transitions occur on
the T2EX pin, if EXEN2 = 1. If either RCLK or TCLK is set
to 1, CP/RL2 will not function and Timer 2 will operate in
auto-reload mode following each overflow.
6-Bit Timer/Counter Mode with Capture
The Timer 2 capture mode (Figure C-4.) is the same as the 16-bit timer/counter mode, with the
addition of the capture registers and control signals.
The CP/RL2 bit in the T2CON SFR enables the capture feature. When CP/RL2 = 1, a high-tolow transition on the T2EX pin when EXEN2 = 1 causes the Timer 2 value to be loaded into
the capture registers RCAP2L and RCAP2H.
Divide by 12
CLK24
T2M
0
1
Divide by 4
0
C/ T2
CLK 0
1
7 8
TL2
15
TH2
T2 pin
RCAP2L
TR2
EXEN2
T2EX pin
RCAP2H
78
0
15
TF2
CAPTURE
EXF2
INT
Figure C-4. Timer 2 - Timer/Counter with Capture
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
C - 11
C.2.8.4
16-Bit Timer/Counter Mode with Auto-Reload
When CP/RL2 = 0, Timer 2 is configured for the auto-reload mode illustrated in Figure C-5..
Control of counter input is the same as for the other 16-bit counter modes. When the count
increments from FFFFh, Timer 2 sets the TF2 flag and the starting value is reloaded into TL2
and TH2. The software must preload the starting value into the RCAP2L and RCAP2H
registers.
When Timer 2 is in auto-reload mode, a reload can be forced by a high-to-low transition on
the T2EX pin, if enabled by EXEN2 = 1.
Divide by 12
CLK24
T2M
0
1
Divide by 4
0
C/ T2
CLK
7 8
0
TL2
1
15
TH2
T2 pin
RCAP2L
TR2
RCAP2H
78
0
15
TF2
EXEN2
EXF2
T2EX pin
INT
Figure C-5. Timer 2 - Timer/Counter with Auto Reload
C.2.8.5
Baud Rate Generator Mode
Setting either RCLK or TCLK to 1 configures Timer 2 to generate baud rates for Serial Port 0
in serial mode 1 or 3. In baud rate generator mode, Timer 2 functions in auto-reload mode.
However, instead of setting the TF2 flag, the counter overflow is used to generate a shift clock
for the serial port function. As in normal auto-reload mode, the overflow also causes the
preloaded start value in the RCAP2L and RCAP2H registers to be reloaded into the TL2 and
TH2 registers.
When either TCLK = 1 or RCLK = 1, Timer 2 is forced into auto-reload operation, regardless
of the state of the CP/RL2 bit.
When operating as a baud rate generator, Timer 2 does not set the TF2 bit. In this mode, a
Timer 2 interrupt can only be generated by a high-to-low transition on the T2EX pin setting
the EXF2 bit, and only if enabled by EXEN2 = 1.
C - 12
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
The counter time base in baud rate generator mode is CLK24/2. To use an external clock
source, set C/T2 to 1 and apply the desired clock source to the T2 pin.
TIMER 1 OVERFLOW
CLK24
Divide
by 2
0
C/ T2
Divide
by 2
CLK
1
SMOD1
0
T2 pin
TR2
7 8
0
TL2
15
RCLK
TH2
0
1
1
RX
CLOCK
Divide
by 16
TCLK
RCAP2L
EXEN2
T2EX pin
0
EXF2
RCAP2H
7 8
15
1
TIMER 2 INTERRUPT
0
Divide
by 16
TX
CLOCK
Figure C-6. Timer 2 - Baud Rate Generator Mode
C.3
Serial Interface
The 8051 core provides two serial ports. Serial Port 0 is identical in operation to the standard
8051 serial port. Serial Port 1 is identical to Serial Port 0, except that Timer 2 cannot be used
as the baud rate generator for Serial Port 1.
Each serial port can operate in synchronous or asynchronous mode. In synchronous mode,
8051 generates the serial clock and the serial port operates in half-duplex mode. In
asynchronous mode, the serial port operates in full-duplex mode. In all modes, 8051 buffers
received data in a holding register, enabling the UART to receive an incoming byte before the
software has read the previous value.
Each serial port can operate in one of four modes, as outlined in Table C-7..
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
C - 13
Table C-7. Serial Port Modes
Mode
Sync/
Async
0
Sync
CLK24/4 or
CLK24/12
8
None
None
1
Async
Timer 1 or Timer 21
8
1 start, 1 stop
None
2
Async
CLK24/32 or
CLK24/64
9
1 start, 1 stop
0, 1, parity
3
Async
Timer 1 or Timer 21
9
1 start, 1 stop
0, 1, parity
(1)
Baud Clock
Data
Bits
Start/Stop
9th Bit
Function
Timer 2 available for Serial Port 0 only.
The SFRs associated with the serial ports are:
•
SCON0 - SFR 98h - Serial Port 0 control (Table C-8.).
•
SBUF0 - SFR 99h - Serial Port 0 buffer.
•
SCON1 - SFR C0h - Serial Port 1 control (Table C-9.).
•
SBUF1 - SFR C1h - Serial Port 1 buffer.
C.3.1 803x/805x Compatibility
The implementation of the serial interface is similar to that of the Intel 8052.
C.3.2 Mode 0
Serial mode 0 provides synchronous, half-duplex serial communication. For Serial Port 0,
serial data output occurs on the RXD0OUT pin, serial data is received on the RXD0 pin, and
the TXD0 pin provides the shift clock for both transmit and receive. For Serial Port 1, the
corresponding pins are RXD1OUT, RXD1, and TXD1.
The serial mode 0 baud rate is either CLK24/12 or CLK24/4, depending on the state of the
SM2_0 bit (or SM2_1 for Serial Port 1). When SM2_0 = 0, the baud rate is CLK24/12, when
SM2_0 = 1, the baud rate is CLK24/4.
Mode 0 operation is identical to the standard 8051. Data transmission begins when an
instruction writes to the SBUF0 (or SBUF1) SFR. The UART shifts the data, LSB first, at the
selected baud rate, until the 8-bit value has been shifted out.
Mode 0 data reception begins when the REN_0 (or REN_1) bit is set and the RI_0 (or RI_1)
bit is cleared in the corresponding SCON SFR. The shift clock is activated and the UART
shifts data in on each rising edge of the shift clock until 8 bits have been received. One
C - 14
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
machine cycle after the 8th bit is shifted in, the RI_0 (or RI_1) bit is set and reception stops
until the software clears the RI bit.
Figure C-7.through Figure C-10.illustrate Serial Port Mode 0 transmit and receive timing for
both low-speed (CLK24/12) and high-speed (CLK24/4) operation.
Table C-8. SCON0 Register - SFR 98h
Bit
Function
SCON0.7
SM0_0 - Serial Port 0 mode bit 0.
SCON0.6
SM1_0 - Serial Port 0 mode bit 1, decoded as:
SM0_0
0
0
1
1
SCON0.5
SM1_0
0
1
0
1
Mode
0
1
2
3
SM2_0 - Multiprocessor communication enable. In modes 2
and 3, this bit enables the multiprocessor communication
feature. If SM2_0 = 1 in mode 2 or 3, then RI_0 will not be
activated if the received 9th bit is 0.
If SM2_0=1 in mode 1, then RI_0 will only be activated if a
valid stop is received. In mode 0, SM2_0 establishes the
baud rate: when SM2_0=0, the baud rate is CLK24/12; when
SM2_0=1, the baud rate is CLK24/4.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
SCON0.4
REN_0 - Receive enable. When REN_0=1, reception is
enabled.
SCON0.3
TB8_0 - Defines the state of the 9th data bit transmitted in
modes 2 and 3.
SCON0.2
RB8_0 - In modes 2 and 3, RB8_0 indicates the state of the
9th bit received. In mode 1, RB8_0 indicates the state of the
received stop bit. In mode 0, RB8_0 is not used.
SCON0.1
TI_0 - Transmit interrupt flag. indicates that the transmit data
word has been shifted out. In mode 0, TI_0 is set at the end
of the 8th data bit. In all other modes, TI_0 is set when the
stop bit is placed on the TXD0 pin. TI_0 must be cleared by
firmware.
SCON0.0
RI_0 - Receive interrupt flag. Indicates that serial data word
has been received. In mode 0, RI_0 is set at the end of the 8th
data bit. In mode 1, RI_0 is set after the last sample of the
incoming stop bit, subject to the state of SM2_0. In modes 2
and 3, RI_0 is set at the end of the last sample of RB8_0.
RI_0 must be cleared by firmware.
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
C - 15
Table C-9. SCON1 Register - SFR C0h
Bit
Function
SCON1.7
SM0_1 - Serial Port 1 mode bit 0.
SCON1.6
SM1_1 - Serial Port 1 mode bit 1, decoded as:
SM0_1
0
0
1
1
SCON1.5
SM1_1
0
1
0
1
Mode
0
1
2
3
SM2_1 - Multiprocessor communication enable. In modes 2
and 3, this bit enables the multiprocessor communication
feature. If SM2_1 = 1 in mode 2 or 3, then RI_1 will not be
activated if the received 9th bit is 0.
If SM2_1=1 in mode 1, then RI_1 will only be activated if a
valid stop is received. In mode 0, SM2_1 establishes the
baud rate: when SM2_1=0, the baud rate is CLK24/12; when
SM2_1=1, the baud rate is CLK24/4.
C - 16
SCON1.4
REN_1 - Receive enable. When REN_1=1, reception is
enabled.
SCON1.3
TB8_1 - Defines the state of the 9th data bit transmitted in
modes 2 and 3.
SCON1.2
RB8_1 - In modes 2 and 3, RB8_0 indicates the state of the
9th bit received. In mode 1, RB8_1 indicates the state of the
received stop bit. In mode 0, RB8_1 is not used.
SCON1.1
TI_1 - Transmit interrupt flag. indicates that the transmit data
word has been shifted out. In mode 0, TI_1 is set at the end
of the 8th data bit. In all other modes, TI_1 is set when the
stop bit is placed on the TXD0 pin. TI_1 must be cleared by
the software.
SCON1.0
RI_1 - Receive interrupt flag. Indicates that serial data word
has been received. In mode 0, RI_1 is set at the end of the 8th
data bit. In mode 1, RI_1 is set after the last sample of the
incoming stop bit, subject to the state of SM2_1. In modes 2
and 3, RI_1 is set at the end of the last sample of RB8_1.
RI_1 must be cleared by the software.
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
CLK24
PSEN
D0
RXD0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
RXD0OUT
TXD0
TI
RI
Figure C-7. Serial Port Mode 0 Receive Timing - Low Speed Operation
CLK24
PSEN
D0
RXD0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
RXD0OUT
TXD0
TI
RI
Figure C-8. Serial Port Mode 0 Receive Timing - High Speed Operation
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
C - 17
CLK24
PSEN
RXD0
RXD0OUT
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
TXD0
TI
RI
Figure C-9. Serial Port Mode 0 Transmit Timing - Low Speed Operation
CLK24
PSEN
RXD0
RXD0OUT
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
TXD0
TI
RI
Figure C-10. Serial Port Mode 0 Transmit Timing - High Speed Operation
C - 18
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
C.3.3 Mode 1
Mode 1 provides standard asynchronous, full-duplex communication, using a total of 10 bits:
1 start bit, 8 data bits, and 1 stop bit. For receive operations, the stop bit is stored in RB8_0 (or
RB8_1). Data bits are received and transmitted LSB first.
C.3.3.1
Mode 1 Baud Rate
The mode 1 baud rate is a function of timer overflow. Serial Port 0 can use either Timer 1 or
Timer 2 to generate baud rates. Serial Port 1 can only use Timer 1. The two serial ports can
run at the same baud rate if they both use Timer 1, or different baud rates if Serial Port 0 uses
Timer 2 and Serial Port 1 uses Timer 1.
Each time the timer increments from its maximum count (FFh for Timer 1 or FFFFh for Timer
2), a clock is sent to the baud rate circuit. The clock is then divided by 16 to generate the baud
rate.
When using Timer 1, the SMOD0 (or SMOD1) bit selects whether or not to divide the Timer
1 rollover rate by 2. Therefore, when using Timer 1, the baud rate is determined by the
equation:
SMODx
2
Baud Rate =
x Timer 1 Overflow
32
SMOD0 is SFR bit PCON.7; SMOD1 is SFR bit EICON.7.
When using Timer 2, the baud rate is determined by the equation:
Timer 2 Overflow
Baud Rate =
16
To use Timer 1 as the baud rate generator, it is best to use Timer 1 mode 2 (8-bit counter with
auto-reload), although any counter mode can be used. The Timer 1 reload is stored in the TH1
register, which makes the complete formula for Timer 1:
Baud Rate =
2
SMODx
x
32
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
CLK24
12 x (256 - TH1)
C - 19
The 12 in the denominator in the above equation can be changed to 4 by setting the T1M bit in
the CKCON SFR. To derive the required TH1 value from a known baud rate (when TM1 = 0),
use the equation:
TH1 =
256 -
SMODx
2
x CLK24
384 x Baud Rate
You can also achieve very low serial port baud rates from Timer 1 by enabling the Timer 1
interrupt, configuring Timer 1 to mode 1, and using the Timer 1 interrupt to initiate a 16-bit
software reload. Table C-10. lists sample reload values for a variety of common serial port
baud rates.
Note that more accurate baud rates are achieved by using Timer 2 as the baud rate generator
(next section).
Table C-10. Timer 1 Reload Values for Common Serial Port Mode 1 Baud Rates
Nominal
Rate
24 MHz
Divisor
Reload
Value
Actual
Rate
Error
57600
6
FA
62500
8.5%
38400
10
F6
37500
-2.3%
28800
13
F3
28846
+0.16%
19200
20
EC
18750
-2.3%
9600
39
D9
9615
+0.16%
4800
78
B2
4807
+0.15%
2400
156
64
2403
+.13%
Settings: SMOD =1, C/T=0, Timer1 mode=2, TIM=1
Note: Using rates that are off by 2.3% or more will not work in all
systems.
To use Timer 2 as the baud rate generator, configure Timer 2 in auto-reload mode and set the
TCLK and/or RCLK bits in the T2CON SFR. TCLK selects Timer 2 as the baud rate
generator for the transmitter; RCLK selects Timer 2 as the baud rate generator for the receiver.
The 16-bit reload value for Timer 2 is stored in the RCAP2L and RCA2H SFRs, which makes
the equation for the Timer 2 baud rate:
C - 20
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
CLK24
Baud Rate =
32 x (65536 - RCAP2H,RCAP2L)
where RCAP2H,RCAP2L is the content of RCAP2H and RCAP2L taken as a 16-bit unsigned
number.
The 32 in the denominator is the result of CLK24 being divided by 2 and the Timer 2 overflow
being divided by 16. Setting TCLK or RCLK to 1 automatically causes CLK24 to be divided
by 2, as shown in Figure C-6., instead of the 4 or 12 determined by the T2M bit in the
CKCON SFR.
To derive the required RCAP2H and RCAP2L values from a known baud rate, use the
equation:
RCAP2H,RCAP2L =
CLK24
65536 -
32 x Baud Rate
When either RCLK or TCLK is set, the TF2 flag will not be set on a Timer 2 roll over, and the
T2EX reload trigger is disabled.
Table C-11. Timer 2 Reload Values for Common Serial port Mode 1 Baud Rates
Nominal
Rate
C/T2
Diviso
r
Reload Val
Actual
Rate
Error
57600
0
13
F3
57692.31
0.16%
38400
0
20
EC
37500
-2.34%
28800
0
26
E6
28846.15
0.16%
19200
0
39
D9
19230.77
0.16%
9600
0
78
B2
9615.385
0.16%
4800
0
156
64
4807.692
0.16%
2400
0
312
FEC8
2403.846
0.16%
Note: using rates that are off by 2.3% or more will not work in all systems.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
C - 21
C.3.3.2
Mode 1 Transmit
Figure C-11. illustrates the mode 1 transmit timing. In mode 1, the UART begins transmitting
after the first roll over of the divide-by-16 counter after the software writes to the SBUF0 (or
SBUF1) register. The UART transmits data on the TXD0 (or TXD1) pin in the following
order: start bit, 8 data bits (LSB first), stop bit. The TI_0 (or TI_1) bit is set 2 CLK24 cycles
after the stop bit is transmitted.
C.3.3.3
Mode 1 Receive
Figure C-12. illustrates the mode 1 receive timing. Reception begins at the falling edge of a
start bit received on the RXD0 (or RXD1) pin, when enabled by the REN_0 (or REN_1) bit.
For this purpose, the RXD0 (or RXD1) pin is sampled 16 times per bit for any baud rate.
When a falling edge of a start bit is detected, the divide-by-16 counter used to generate the
receive clock is reset to align the counter roll over to the bit boundaries.
For noise rejection, the serial port establishes the content of each received bit by a majority
decision of 3 consecutive samples in the middle of each bit time. This is especially true for the
start bit. If the falling edge on the RXD0 (or RXD1) pin is not verified by a majority decision
of 3 consecutive samples (low), then the serial port stops reception and waits for another
falling edge on the RXD0 (or RXD1) pin.
At the middle of the stop bit time, the serial port checks for the following conditions:
•
RI_0 (or RI_1) = 0, and
•
If SM2_0 (or SM2_1) = 1, the state of the stop bit is 1.
(If SM2_0 (or SM2_1) = 0, the state of the stop bit doesn’t matter.)
If the above conditions are met, the serial port then writes the received byte to the SBUF0 (or
SBUF1) register, loads the stop bit into RB8_0 (or RB8_1), and sets the RI_0 (or RI_1) bit. If
the above conditions are not met, the received data is lost, the SBUF register and RB8 bit are
not loaded, and the RI bit is not set.
After the middle of the stop bit time, the serial port waits for another high-to-low transition on
the (RXD0 or RXD1) pin.
Mode 1 operation is identical to that of the standard 8051 when Timers 1 and 2 use CLK24/12
(the default).
C - 22
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Write to
SBUF0
TX CLK
SHIFT
TXD0
START
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
STOP
RXD0
RXD0OUT
TI_0
RI_0
Figure C-11. Serial Port 0 Mode 1 Transmit Timing
RX CLK
RXD0
START D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
STOP
Bit detector
sampling
SHIFT
RXD0OUT
TXD0
TI_0
RI_0
Figure C-12. Serial Port 0 Mode 1 Receive Timing
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
C - 23
C.3.4 Mode 2
Mode 2 provides asynchronous, full-duplex communication, using a total of 11 bits: 1 start
bit, 8 data bits, a programmable 9th bit, and 1 stop bit. The data bits are transmitted and
received LSB first. For transmission, the 9th bit is determined by the value in TB8_0 (or
TB8_1). To use the 9th bit as a parity bit, move the value of the P bit (SFR PSW.0) to TB8_0
(or TB8_1).
The mode 2 baud rate is either CLK24/32 or CLK24/64, as determined by the SMOD0 (or
SMOD1) bit. The formula for the mode 2 baud rate is:
Baud Rate =
2
SMODx
x CLK24
64
Mode 2 operation is identical to the standard 8051.
C.3.4.1
Mode 2 Transmit
Figure C-13. illustrates the mode 2 transmit timing. Transmission begins after the first roll
over of the divide-by-16 counter following a software write to SBUF0 (or SBUF1). The
UART shifts data out on the TXD0 (or TXD1) pin in the following order: start bit, data bits
(LSB first), 9th bit, stop bit. The TI_0 (or TI_1) bit is set when the stop bit is placed on the
TXD0 (or TXD1) pin.
C.3.4.2
Mode 2 Receive
Figure C-14. illustrates the mode 2 receive timing. Reception begins at the falling edge of a
start bit received on the RXD0 (or RXD1) pin, when enabled by the REN_0 (or REN_1) bit.
For this purpose, the RXD0 (or RXD1) pin is sampled 16 times per bit for any baud rate.
When a falling edge of a start bit is detected, the divide-by-16 counter used to generate the
receive clock is reset to align the counter roll over to the bit boundaries.
For noise rejection, the serial port establishes the content of each received bit by a majority
decision of 3 consecutive samples in the middle of each bit time. This is especially true for the
start bit. If the falling edge on the RXD0 (or RXD1) pin is not verified by a majority decision
of 3 consecutive samples (low), then the serial port stops reception and waits for another
falling edge on the RXD0 (or RXD1) pin.
At the middle of the stop bit time, the serial port checks for the following conditions:
•
RI_0 (or RI_1) = 0, and
•
If SM2_0 (or SM2_1) = 1, the state of the stop bit is 1.
(If SM2_0 (or SM2_1) = 0, the state of the stop bit doesn’t matter.)
C - 24
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
If the above conditions are met, the serial port then writes the received byte to the SBUF0 (or
SBUF1) register, loads the stop bit into RB8_0 (or RB8_1), and sets the RI_0 (or RI_1) bit. If
the above conditions are not met, the received data is lost, the SBUF register and RB8 bit are
not loaded, and the RI bit is not set. After the middle of the stop bit time, the serial port waits
for another high-to-low transition on the RXD0 (or RXD1) pin.
Write to
SBUF0
TX CLK
SHIFT
TXD0
START D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
TB8
STOP
D7
RB8
STOP
RXD0
RXD0OUT
TI_0
RI_0
Figure C-13. Serial Port 0 Mode 2 Transmit Timing
RX CLK
RXD0
START D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
Bit detector
sampling
SHIFT
RXD0OUT
TXD0
TI_0
RI_0
Figure C-14. Serial Port 0 Mode 2 Receive Timing
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
C - 25
C.3.5 Mode 3
Mode 3 provides asynchronous, full-duplex communication, using a total of 11 bits: 1 start
bit, 8 data bits, a programmable 9th bit, and 1 stop bit. The data bits are transmitted and
received LSB first.
The mode 3 transmit and operations are identical to mode 2. The mode 3 baud rate generation
is identical to mode 1. That is, mode 3 is a combination of mode 2 protocol and mode 1 baud
rate. Figure C-15.illustrates the mode 3 transmit timing. Figure C-16.illustrates the mode 3
receive timing.
Mode 3 operation is identical to that of the standard 8051 when Timers 1 and 2 use CLK24/12
(the default).
Write to
SBUF0
TX CLK
SHIFT
TXD0
START D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
TB8
STOP
RXD0
RXD0OUT
TI_0
RI_0
Figure C-15. Serial Port 0 Mode 3 Transmit Timing
RX CLK
RXD0
START
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
RB8 STOP
Bit detector
sampling
SHIFT
RXD0OUT
TXD0
TI_0
RI_0
Figure C-16. Serial Port 0 Mode 3 Receive Timing
C - 26
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
C.3.6 Multiprocessor Communications
The multiprocessor communication feature is enabled in modes 2 and 3 when the SM2 bit is
set in the SCON SFR for a serial port (SM2_0 for Serial Port 0, SM2_1 for Serial Port 1). In
multiprocessor communication mode, the 9th bit received is stored in RB8_0 (or RB8_1) and,
after the stop bit is received, the serial port interrupt is activated only if RB8_0 (or RB8_1) =
1.
A typical use for the multiprocessor communication feature is when a master wants to send a
block of data to one of several slaves. The master first transmits an address byte that identifies
the target slave. When transmitting an address byte, the master sets the 9th bit to 1; for data
bytes, the 9th bit is 0.
With SM2_0 (or SM2_1) = 1, no slave will be interrupted by a data byte. However, an address
byte interrupts all slaves so that each slave can examine the received address byte to
determine whether that slave is being addressed. Address decoding must be done by software
during the interrupt service routine. The addressed slave clears its SM2_0 (or SM2_1) bit and
prepares to receive the data bytes. The slaves that are not being addressed leave the SM2_0 (or
SM2_1) bit set and ignore the incoming data bytes.
C.3.7 Interrupt SFRs
The following SFRs are associated with interrupt control:
•
IE - SFR A8h (Table C-12.)
•
IP - SFR B8h (Table C-13.)
•
EXIF - SFR 91h (Table C-14.)
•
EICON - SFR D8h (Table C-15.)
•
EIE - SFR E8h (Table C-16.)
•
EIP - SFR F8h (Table C-17.)
The IE and IP SFRs provide interrupt enable and priority control for the standard interrupt
unit, as with the standard 8051. Additionally, these SFRs provide control bits for the Serial
Port 1 interrupt. These bits (ES1 and PS1) are available only when the extended interrupt unit
is implemented (ext_intr=1). Otherwise, they are read as 0.
Bits ES0, ES1, ET2, PS0, PS1, and PT2 are present, but not used, when the corresponding
module is not implemented.
The EXIF, EICON, EIE and EIP registers provide flags, enable control, and priority control
for the optional extended interrupt unit.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
C - 27
Table C-12. IE Register - SFR A8h
C - 28
Bit
Function
IE.7
EA - Global interrupt enable. Controls masking of all
interrupts except USB wakeup (resume). EA = 0 disables all
interrupts except USB wakeup. When EA = 1, interrupts are
enabled or masked by their individual enable bits.
IE.6
ES1 - Enable Serial Port 1 interrupt. ES1 = 0 disables Serial
port 1 interrupts (TI_1 and RI_1). ES1 = 1 enables interrupts
generated by the TI_1 or TI_1 flag.
IE.5
ET2 - Enable Timer 2 interrupt. ET2 = 0 disables Timer 2
interrupt (TF2). ET2=1 enables interrupts generated by the
TF2 or EXF2 flag.
IE.4
ES0 - Enable Serial Port 0 interrupt. ES0 = 0 disables Serial
Port 0 interrupts (TI_0 and RI_0). ES0=1 enables interrupts
generated by the TI_0 or RI_0 flag.
IE.3
ET1 - Enable Timer 1 interrupt. ET1 = 0 disables Timer 1
interrupt (TF1). ET1=1 enables interrupts generated by the
TF1 flag.
IE.2
EX1 - Enable external interrupt 1. EX1 = 0 disables external
interrupt 1 (INT1). EX1=1 enables interrupts generated by
the INT1# pin.
IE.1
ET0 - Enable Timer 0 interrupt. ET0 = 0 disables Timer 0
interrupt (TF0). ET0=1 enables interrupts generated by the
TF0 flag.
IE.0
EX0 - Enable external interrupt 0. EX0 = 0 disables external
interrupt 0 (INT0). EX0=1 enables interrupts generated by
the INT0# pin.
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Table C-13. IP Register - SFR B8h
Bit
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Function
IP.7
Reserved. Read as 1.
IP.6
PS1 - Serial Port 1 interrupt priority control. PS1=0 sets
Serial Port 1 interrupt (TI_1 or RI_1) to low priority. PS1=1
sets Serial port 1 interrupt to high priority.
IP.5
PT2 - Timer 2 interrupt priority control. PT2=0 sets Timer 2
interrupt (TF2) to low priority. PT2=1 sets Timer 2 interrupt
to high priority.
IP.4
PS0 - Serial Port 0 interrupt priority control. PS0=0 sets
Serial Port 0 interrupt (TI_0 or RI_0) to low priority. PS0=1
sets Serial Port 0 interrupt to high priority.
IP.3
PT2 - Timer 1 interrupt priority control. PT1 = 0 sets Timer 1
interrupt (TF1) to low priority. PT1=1 sets Timer 1 interrupt
to high priority.
IP.2
PX1 - External interrupt 1 priority control. PX 1= 0 sets
external interrupt 1 (INT1) to low priority. PT1 = 1 sets
external interrupt 1 to high priority.
IP.1
PT0 - Timer 0 interrupt priority control. PT0 = 0 sets Timer 0
interrupt (TF0) to low priority. PT0=1 sets Timer 0 interrupt
to high priority.
IP.0
PX0 - External interrupt 0 priority control. PX0 = 0 sets
external interrupt 0 (INT0) to low priority. PX0=1 sets
external interrupt 0 to high priority.
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
C - 29
Table C-14. EXIF Register - SFR 91h
C - 30
Bit
Function
EXIF.7
IE5 - External interrupt 5 flag. IE 5= 1 indicates a falling
edge was detected at the INT5# pin. IE5 must be cleared by
software. Setting IE5 in software generates an interrupt, if
enabled.
EXIF.6
IE4 - External interrupt 4 flag. IE4 indicates a rising edge
was detected at the INT4 pin. IE4 must be cleared by
software. Setting IE4 in software generates an interrupt, if
enabled.
EXIF.5
I2CINT - External interrupt 3 flag. The “INT3” interrupt is
internally connected to the EZ-USB I2C controller and
renamed “I2CINT”. I2CINT = 1 indicates an I2C interrupt.
I2CINT must be cleared by software. Setting I2CINT in
software generates an interrupt, if enabled.
EXIF.4
USBINT - External interrupt 2 flag. The “INT2” interrupt is
internally connected to the EZ-USB interrupt and renamed
“USBINT”. USBINT = 1 indicates an USB interrupt.
USBINT must be cleared by software. Setting USBINT in
software generates an interrupt, if enabled.
EXIF.3
Reserved. Read as 1.
EXIF.2-0
Reserved. Read as 0.
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Table C-15. EICON Register - SFR D8h
Bit
EICON.7
SMOD1 - Serial Port 1 baud rate doubler enable. When
SMOD1 = 1 the baud rate for Serial Port is doubled.
EICON.6
Reserved. Read as 1.
EICON.5
ERESI - Enable resume interrupt. ERESI = 0 disables
resume interrupt (RESI). ERESI = 1 enables interrupts
generated by the resume event.
EICON.4
RESI - Wakeup interrupt flag. EICON.4 = 1 indicates a
negative transition was detected at the WAKEUP# pin, or
that USB has activity resumed from the suspended state.
EICON.4 = 1 must be cleared by software before exiting the
interrupt service routine, otherwise the interrupt occurs
again. Setting EICON.4=1 in software generates a wakeup
interrupt, if enabled.
EICON.3
INT6 - External interrupt 6. When INT6 = 1, the INT6 pin
has detected a low to high transition. INT6 will remain active
until cleared by writing a 0 to this bit. Setting this bit in
software generates an INT6 interrupt in enabled.
EICON.2-0
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Function
Reserved. Read as 0.
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
C - 31
Table C-16. EIE Register - SFR E8h
Bit
EIE.7-5
C - 32
Function
Reserved. Read as 1.
EIE.4
EX6 - Enable external interrupt 6. EX6 = 0 disables external
interrupt 6 (INT6). EX6 = 1 enables interrupts generated by
the INT6 pin.
EIE.3
EX5 - Enable external interrupt 5. EX5 = 0 disables external
interrupt 5 (INT5). EX5 = 1 enables interrupts generated by
the INT5# pin.
EIE.2
EX4 - Enable external interrupt 4. EX4 = 0 disables external
interrupt 4 (INT4). EX4 = 1 enables interrupts generated by
the INT4 pin.
EIE.1
EI2C - Enable external interrupt 3. EI2C = 0 disables
external interrupt 3 (INT3). EI2C = 1 enables interrupts
generated by the I2C interface.
EIE.0
EUSB - Enable USB interrupt. EUSB = 0 disables USB
interrupts. EUSB = 1 enables interrupts generated by the
USB Interface.
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Table C-17. EIP Register - SFR F8h
Bit
Function
EIP.7-5
C.4
Reserved. Read as 1.
EIP.4
PX6 - External interrupt 6 priority control. PX6 = 0 sets
external interrupt 6 (INT6) to low priority. PX6 = 1 sets
external interrupt 6 to high priority.
EIP.3
PX5 - External interrupt 5 priority control. PX5 = 0 sets
external interrupt 5 (INT5#) to low priority. PX5=1 sets
external interrupt 5 to high priority.
EIP.2
PX4 - External interrupt 4 priority control. PX4 = 0 sets
external interrupt 4 (INT4) to low priority. PX4=1 sets
external interrupt 4 to high priority.
EIP.1
PI2C - External interrupt 3 priority control. PI2C = 0 sets I2C
interrupt to low priority. PI2C=1 sets I2C interrupt to high
priority.
EIP.0
PUSB - External interrupt 2 priority control. PUSB = 0 sets
USB interrupt to low priority. PUSB=1 sets USB interrupt to
high priority.
Interrupt Processing
When an enabled interrupt occurs, the 8051 core vectors to the address of the interrupt service
routine (ISR) associated with that interrupt, as listed in Table C-18.. The 8051 core executes
the ISR to completion unless another interrupt of higher priority occurs. Each ISR ends with a
RETI (return from interrupt) instruction. After executing the RETI, the CPU returns to the
next instruction that would have been executed if the interrupt had not occurred.
An ISR can only be interrupted by a higher priority interrupt. That is, an ISR for a low-level
interrupt can only be interrupted by high-level interrupt. An ISR for a high-level interrupt can
only be interrupted by the resume interrupt.
The 8051 core always completes the instruction in progress before servicing an interrupt. If
the instruction in progress is RETI, or a write access to any of the IP, IE, EIP, or EIE SFRs,
the 8051 core completes one additional instruction before servicing the interrupt.
C.4.1 Interrupt Masking
The EA bit in the IE SFR (IE.7) is a global enable for all interrupts except the USB wakeup
(resume) interrupt. When EA = 1, each interrupt is enabled or masked by its individual enable
bit. When EA = 0, all interrupts are masked, except the USB wakeup interrupt.
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
C - 33
Table C-19. provides a summary of interrupt sources, flags, enables, and priorities.
Table C-18. Interrupt Natural Vectors and Priorities
Description
Natural
Priority
Interrupt
Vector
RESUME
USB Wakeup (resume) interrupt
0
33h
INT0
External interrupt 0
1
03h
TF0
Timer 0 interrupt
2
0Bh
INT1
External interrupt 1
3
13h
TF1
Timer 1 interrupt
4
1Bh
TI_0 or RI_0
Serial port 0 interrupt
5
23h
TF2 or EXF2
Timer 2 interrupt
6
2Bh
TI_1 or RI_1
Serial port 1 interrupt
7
3Bh
INT2
USB interrupt
8
43h
INT3
I2C interrupt
9
4Bh
INT4
External interrupt 4
4
53h
INT5
External interrupt 5
11
5Bh
INT6
External interrupt 6
12
63H
Interrupt
C.4.2 Interrupt Priorities
There are two stages of interrupt priority assignment, interrupt level and natural priority. The
interrupt level (highest, high, or low) takes precedence over natural priority. The USB wakeup
interrupt, if enabled, always has highest priority and is the only interrupt that can have highest
priority. All other interrupts can be assigned either high or low priority.
In addition to an assigned priority level (high or low), each interrupt also has a natural priority,
as listed in Table C-18.. Simultaneous interrupts with the same priority level (for example,
both high) are resolved according to their natural priority. For example, if INT0 and INT2 are
both programmed as high priority, INT0 takes precedence due to its higher natural priority.
Once an interrupt is being serviced, only an interrupt of higher priority level can interrupt the
service routine of the interrupt currently being serviced.
C - 34
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Table C-19. Interrupt Flags, Enables, and Priority Control
Interrupt
Description
Enable
Priority
Control
EICON.5
N/A
Flag
RESUME
Resume interrupt
EICON.4
INT0
External interrupt 0 TCON.1
IE.0
IP.0
TF0
Timer 0 interrupt
TCON.5
IE.1
IP.1
INT1
External interrupt 1 TCON.3
IE.2
IP.2
TF1
Timer 1 interrupt
TCON.7
IE.3
IP.3
TI_0 or RI_0
Serial port 0
transmit or receive
SCON0.0 (RI.0),
SCON0.1 (Ti_0)
IE.4
IP.4
TF2 or EXF2
Timer 2 interrupt
T2CON.7 (TF2),
T2CON.6 (EXF2)
IE.5
IP.5
TI_1 or RI_1
Serial port 1
transmit or receive
SCON1.0 (RI_1),
SCON1.1 (TI_1)
IE.6
IP.6
USB
USB interrupt
EXIF.4
EIE.0
EIP.0
I2C
I2C interrupt
EXIT.5
EIE.1
EIP.1
INT4
External interrupt 4 EXIF.6
EIE.2
EIP.2
INT5
External interrupt 5 EXIF.7
EIE.3
EIP.3
INT6
External INT 6
EIE.4
EIP.4
EICON.3
C.4.3 Interrupt Sampling
The internal timers and serial ports generate interrupts by setting their respective SFR
interrupt flag bits. External interrupts are sampled once per instruction cycle.
INT0 and INT1 are both active low and can be programmed to be either edge-sensitive or
level-sensitive, through the IT0 and IT1 bits in the TCON SFR. For example, when IT0 = 0,
INT0 is level-sensitive and the 8051 core sets the IE0 flag when the INT0# pin is sampled
low. When IT0 = 1, INT0 is edge-sensitive and the 8051 sets the IE0 flag when the INT0#
pin is sampled high then low on consecutive samples.
The remaining five interrupts (INT 4-6, USB & I2C Interrupts) are edge-sensitive only. INT6
and INT4 are active high and INT5 is active low.
To ensure that edge-sensitive interrupts are detected, the corresponding ports should be held
high for 4 CLK24 cycles and then low for 4 CLK24 cycles. Level-sensitive interrupts are not
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
C - 35
latched and must remain active until serviced.
C.4.4 Interrupt Latency
Interrupt response time depends on the current state of the 8051. The fastest response time is 5
instruction cycles: 1 to detect the interrupt, and 4 to perform the LCALL to the ISR.
The maximum latency (13 instruction cycles) occurs when the 8051 is currently executing a
RETI instruction followed by a MUL or DIV instruction. The 13 instruction cycles in this case
are: 1 to detect the interrupt, 3 to complete the RETI, 5 to execute the DIV or MUL, and 4 to
execute the LCALL to the ISR. For the maximum latency case, the response time is 13 x 4 =
52 CLK24 cycles.
C.4.5 Single-Step Operation
The 8051 interrupt structure provides a way to perform single-step program execution. When
exiting an ISR with an RETI instruction, the 8051 will always execute at least one instruction
of the task program. Therefore, once an ISR is entered, it cannot be re-entered until at least
one program instruction is executed.
To perform single-step execution, program one of the external interrupts (for example,INT0)
to be level-sensitive and write an ISR for that interrupt the terminates as follows:
JNB TCON.1,$
JB
TCON.1,$
RETI
; wait for high on INT0# pin
; wait for low on INT0# pin
; return for ISR
The CPU enters the ISR when the INT0# pin goes low, then waits for a pulse on INT0#. Each
time INT0# is pulsed, the CPU exits the ISR, executes one program instruction, then re-enters
the ISR.
C.5
Reset
The 8051 RESET pin is internally connected to an EZ-USB register bit that is controllable
through the USB host. See Chapter 10, "EZ-USB Resets" for details.
C.6
Power Saving Modes
C.6.1 Idle Mode
An instruction that sets the IDLE bit (PCON.0) causes the 8051 to enter idle mode when that
instruction completes. In idle mode, CPU processing is suspended, and internal registers
maintain their current data. When the 8051 core is in idle, the EZ-USB core enters suspend
C - 36
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
mode and shuts down the 24 MHz oscillator. See Chapter 11, "EZ-USB Power Management"
for a full description of the Suspend/Resume process.
Table C-20. PCON Register - SFR 87h
Bit
PCON.7
PCON.6-4
EZ-USB TRM v1.9
Function
SMOD0 - Serial Port 0 baud rate double enable. When
SMOD0 = 1, the baud rate for Serial Port 0 is doubled.
Reserved.
PCON.3
GF1 - General purpose flag 1. Bit-addressable, general
purpose flag for software control.
PCON.2
GF0 - General purpose flag 0. Bit-addressable, general
purpose flag for software control.
PCON.1
This bit should always be set to 0.
PCON.0
IDLE - Idle mode select. Setting the IDLE bit places the
8051 in idle mode.
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
C - 37
C - 38
Appendix C: 8051 Hardware Description
EZ-USB TRM v1.9