HCS201 KEELOQ® Code Hopping Encoder FEATURES DESCRIPTION Security The HCS201 from Microchip Technology Inc. is a code hopping encoder designed for secure Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) systems. The HCS201 utilizes the KEELOQ® code hopping technology, incorporating high security, a small package outline and low cost. The HCS201 is a perfect solution for unidirectional remote keyless entry systems and access control systems. • • • • • • Programmable 28-bit serial number Programmable 64-bit encryption key Each transmission is unique 66-bit transmission code length 32-bit hopping code 34-bit fixed code (28-bit serial number, 4-bit button code, 2-bit status) • Encryption keys are read protected PACKAGE TYPES PDIP, SOIC S0 1 • 3.5V-13V operation (2.0V min. using the Step up feature) • Three button inputs • 7 functions available • Selectable baud rate • Automatic code word completion • Battery low signal transmitted to receiver • Non-volatile synchronization data S1 2 S2 3 VDDB 4 HCS201 Operating © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. STEP DATA 5 VSS Step Up Controller VDD Controller RESET circuit EEPROM STEP Power latching and switching Oscillator DATA • The HCS201 is ideal for Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) applications. These applications include: • Automotive RKE systems • Automotive alarm systems • Automotive immobilizers • Gate and garage door openers • Identity tokens • Burglar alarm systems 7 6 VDDB Simple programming interface On-chip EEPROM On-chip oscillator and timing components Button inputs have internal pull-down resistors Minimum component count Synchronous Transmission mode Built-in step up regulator Typical Applications VDD HCS201 BLOCK DIAGRAM Other • • • • • • • 8 Encoder 32-bit shift register VSS Button input port VDD S2 S1 S0 The HCS201 combines a 32-bit hopping code, generated by a nonlinear encryption algorithm, with a 28-bit serial number and 6 information bits to create a 66-bit code word. The code word length eliminates the threat of code scanning and the code hopping mechanism makes each transmission unique, thus rendering code capture and resend schemes useless. DS41098D-page 1 HCS201 The crypt key, serial number and configuration data are stored in an EEPROM array which is not accessible via any external connection. The EEPROM data is programmable but read-protected. The data can be verified only after an automatic erase and programming operation. This protects against attempts to gain access to keys or manipulate synchronization values. The HCS201 provides an easy-to-use serial interface for programming the necessary keys, system parameters and configuration data. 1.0 SYSTEM OVERVIEW Key Terms The following is a list of key terms used throughout this data sheet. For additional information on KEELOQ and Code Hopping, refer to Technical Brief 3 (TB003). • RKE - Remote Keyless Entry • Button Status - Indicates what button input(s) activated the transmission. Encompasses the 4 button status bits S3, S2, S1 and S0 (Figure 4-2). • Code Hopping - A method by which a code, viewed externally to the system, appears to change unpredictably each time it is transmitted. • Code word - A block of data that is repeatedly transmitted upon button activation (Figure 4-1). • Transmission - A data stream consisting of repeating code words (Figure 9-1). • Crypt key - A unique and secret 64-bit number used to encrypt and decrypt data. In a symmetrical block cipher such as the KEELOQ algorithm, the encryption and decryption keys are equal and will therefore be referred to generally as the crypt key. • Encoder - A device that generates and encodes data. • Encryption Algorithm - A recipe whereby data is scrambled using a crypt key. The data can only be interpreted by the respective decryption algorithm using the same crypt key. • Decoder - A device that decodes data received from an encoder. • Decryption algorithm - A recipe whereby data scrambled by an encryption algorithm can be unscrambled using the same crypt key. • Learn – Learning involves the receiver calculating the transmitter’s appropriate crypt key, decrypting the received hopping code and storing the serial number, synchronization counter value and crypt key in EEPROM. The KEELOQ product family facilitates several learning strategies to be implemented on the decoder. The following are examples of what can be done. - Simple Learning The receiver uses a fixed crypt key, common to all components of all systems by the same manufacturer, to decrypt the received code word’s encrypted portion. - Normal Learning The receiver uses information transmitted during normal operation to derive the crypt key and decrypt the received code word’s encrypted portion. - Secure Learn The transmitter is activated through a special button combination to transmit a stored 60-bit seed value used to generate the transmitter’s crypt key. The receiver uses this seed value to derive the same crypt key and decrypt the received code word’s encrypted portion. • Manufacturer’s code – A unique and secret 64bit number used to generate unique encoder crypt keys. Each encoder is programmed with a crypt key that is a function of the manufacturer’s code. Each decoder is programmed with the manufacturer code itself. The HCS201 code hopping encoder is designed specifically for keyless entry systems; primarily vehicles and home garage door openers. The encoder portion of a keyless entry system is integrated into a transmitter, carried by the user and operated to gain access to a vehicle or restricted area. The HCS201 is meant to be a cost-effective yet secure solution to such systems, requiring very few external components (Figure 2-1). Most low-end keyless entry transmitters are given a fixed identification code that is transmitted every time a button is pushed. The number of unique identification codes in a low-end system is usually a relatively small number. These shortcomings provide an opportunity for a sophisticated thief to create a device that ‘grabs’ a transmission and retransmits it later, or a device that quickly ‘scans’ all possible identification codes until the correct one is found. The HCS201, on the other hand, employs the KEELOQ code hopping technology coupled with a transmission length of 66 bits to virtually eliminate the use of code ‘grabbing’ or code ‘scanning’. The high security level of the HCS201 is based on the patented KEELOQ technology. A block cipher based on a block length of 32 bits and a key length of 64 bits is used. The algorithm obscures the information in such a way that even if the transmission information (before coding) differs by only one bit from that of the previous transmission, the next DS41098D-page 2 © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS201 coded transmission will be completely different. Statistically, if only one bit in the 32-bit string of information changes, greater than 50 percent of the coded transmission bits will change. As indicated in the block diagram on page one, the HCS201 has a small EEPROM array which must be loaded with several parameters before use; most often programmed by the manufacturer at the time of production. The most important of these are: The crypt key generation typically inputs the transmitter serial number and 64-bit manufacturer’s code into the key generation algorithm (Figure 1-2). The manufacturer’s code is chosen by the system manufacturer and must be carefully controlled as it is a pivotal part of the overall system security. • A 28-bit serial number, typically unique for every encoder • A crypt key • An initial 16-bit synchronization value • A 16-bit configuration value FIGURE 1-1: CREATION AND STORAGE OF CRYPT KEY DURING PRODUCTION Production Programmer HCS201 Transmitter Serial Number EEPROM Array Serial Number Crypt Key Sync Counter Manufacturer’s Code Key Generation Algorithm The 16-bit synchronization counter is the basis behind the transmitted code word changing for each transmission; it increments each time a button is pressed. Due to the code hopping algorithm’s complexity, each increment of the synchronization value results in greater than 50% of the bits changing in the transmitted code word. Figure 1-2 shows how the key values in EEPROM are used in the encoder. Once the encoder detects a button press, it reads the button inputs and updates the synchronization counter. The synchronization counter and crypt key are input to the encryption algorithm and the output is 32 bits of encrypted information. This data will change with every button press, its value appearing externally to ‘randomly hop around’, hence it is referred to as the hopping portion of the code word. The 32-bit hopping code is combined with the button information and serial number to form the code word transmitted to the receiver. The code word format is explained in greater detail in Section 4.0. Crypt Key . . . A transmitter must first be ‘learned’ by the receiver before its use is allowed in the system. Learning includes calculating the transmitter’s appropriate crypt key, decrypting the received hopping code and storing the serial number, synchronization counter value and crypt key in EEPROM. In normal operation, each received message of valid format is evaluated. The serial number is used to determine if it is from a learned transmitter. If from a learned transmitter, the message is decrypted and the synchronization counter is verified. Finally, the button status is checked to see what operation is requested. Figure 1-3 shows the relationship between some of the values stored by the receiver and the values received from the transmitter. A receiver may use any type of controller as a decoder, but it is typically a microcontroller with compatible firmware that allows the decoder to operate in conjunction with an HCS201 based transmitter. Section 7.0 provides detail on integrating the HCS201 into a system. © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. DS41098D-page 3 HCS201 FIGURE 1-2: BUILDING THE TRANSMITTED CODE WORD (ENCODER) EEPROM Array KEELOQ® Encryption Algorithm Crypt Key Sync Counter Serial Number Button Press Information Serial Number 32 Bits Encrypted Data Transmitted Information FIGURE 1-3: BASIC OPERATION OF RECEIVER (DECODER) 1 Received Information EEPROM Array Button Press Information Serial Number 2 32 Bits of Encrypted Data Manufacturer Code Check for Match Serial Number Sync Counter Crypt Key 3 KEELOQ® Decryption Algorithm Decrypted Synchronization Counter 4 Check for Match Perform Function 5 Indicated by button press NOTE: Circled numbers indicate the order of execution. DS41098D-page 4 © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS201 2.0 ENCODER OPERATION TABLE 2-1: As shown in the typical application circuits (Figure 2-1), the HCS201 is a simple device to use. It requires only the addition of buttons and RF circuitry for use as the transmitter in your security application. A description of each pin is given in Table 2-1. FIGURE 2-1: TYPICAL CIRCUITS VDD B0 S0 VDD B1 S1 STEP S2 DATA Tx out VSS VDDB Two button remote control VDD B3 B2 B1 B0 S0 VDD S1 STEP S2 DATA VDDB Tx out VSS Four button remote control VDD Pin Pin Name Number PIN DESCRIPTIONS Pin Description S0 1 Switch input 0 S1 2 Switch input 1 S2 3 Switch input 2 / Clock pin for Programming mode VDDB 4 Battery input pin, supplies power to the step up control circuitry VSS 5 Ground reference connection DATA 6 Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) output pin / Data pin for Programming mode STEP 7 Step up regulator switch control VDD 8 Positive supply voltage The HCS201 will wake-up upon detecting a button press and delay approximately 10 ms for button debounce (Figure 2-2). The synchronization counter, discrimination value and button information will be encrypted to form the hopping code. The hopping code portion will change every transmission, even if the same button is pushed again. A code word that has been transmitted will not repeat for more than 64K transmissions. This provides more than 18 years of use before a code is repeated; based on 10 operations per day. Overflow information sent from the encoder can be used to extend the number of unique transmissions to more than 192K. If in the transmit process it is detected that a new button(s) has been pressed, a RESET will immediately occur and the current code word will not be completed. Please note that buttons removed will not have any effect on the code word unless no buttons remain pressed; in which case the code word will be completed and the power-down will occur. L D S0 VDD S1 STEP S2 DATA VDDB R Q C Tx out VSS 2.0-6.0V Three button remote control with Step up regulator External components sample values: R = 5.1 KΩ C = 1.0 uF L = 390 uH Q = 2N3904 D = ZHCS400CT (40V 0.4A Zetex) (see Section 5.6 for a description of the Step Up circuit) Note: Up to 7 functions can be implemented by pressing more than one button simultaneously or by using a suitable diode array. © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. DS41098D-page 5 HCS201 FIGURE 2-2: ENCODER OPERATION 3.0 EEPROM MEMORY ORGANIZATION Power-Up (A button has been pressed) RESET and Debounce Delay (10 ms) Sample Inputs The HCS201 contains 192 bits (12 x 16-bit words) of EEPROM memory (Table 3-1). This EEPROM array is used to store the encryption key information, synchronization value, etc. Further descriptions of the memory array is given in the following sections. TABLE 3-1: Update Sync Info Encrypt With Crypt Key WORD ADDRESS MNEMONIC 0 KEY_0 64-bit encryption key (word 0) 1 KEY_1 64-bit encryption key (word 1) 2 KEY_2 64-bit encryption key (word 2) 3 KEY_3 64-bit encryption key (word 3) 4 SYNC 16-bit synchronization value Load Transmit Register Transmit Yes Buttons Added ? No All Buttons Released ? EEPROM MEMORY MAP No 5 Yes Complete Code Word Transmission Stop 3.1 DESCRIPTION RESERVED Set to 0000H 6 SER_0 Device Serial Number (word 0) 7 SER_1 Device Serial Number (word 1) 8 SEED_0 Seed Value (word 0) 9 SEED_1 Seed Value (word 1) 10 DISC Discrimination Word 11 CONFIG Config Word KEY_0 - KEY_3 (64-Bit Crypt Key) The 64-bit crypt key is used to create the encrypted message transmitted to the receiver. This key is calculated and programmed during production using a key generation algorithm. The key generation algorithm may be different from the KEELOQ algorithm. Inputs to the key generation algorithm are typically the transmitter’s serial number and the 64-bit manufacturer’s code. While the key generation algorithm supplied from Microchip is the typical method used, a user may elect to create their own method of key generation. This may be done providing that the decoder is programmed with the same means of creating the key for decryption purposes. 3.2 SYNC (Synchronization Counter) This is the 16-bit synchronization value that is used to create the hopping code for transmission. This value will increment after every transmission. DS41098D-page 6 © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS201 3.3 Reserved Must be initialized to 0000H. serial number then it may merely be compared to the respective bits of the received serial number; saving EEPROM space. 3.4 3.7 SER_0, SER_1 (Encoder Serial Number) SER_0 and SER_1 are the lower and upper words of the device serial number, respectively. Although there are 32 bits allocated for the serial number, only the lower order 28 bits are transmitted. The serial number is meant to be unique for every transmitter. 3.5 SEED_0, SEED_1 (Seed Word) The 2-word (32-bit) seed code will be transmitted when all three buttons are pressed at the same time (see Figure 4-2). This allows the system designer to implement the secure learn feature or use this fixed code word as part of a different key generation/tracking process. TABLE 3-2: Bit Number 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 3.6 The Configuration Word is a 16-bit word stored in EEPROM array that is used by the device to store information used during the encryption process, as well as the status of option configurations. Further explanations of each of the bits are described in the following sections. TABLE 3-3: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Bit Description DISC (Discrimination Word) The discrimination value aids the post-decryption check on the decoder end. It may be any value, but in a typical system it will be programmed as the 12 Least Significant bits of the serial number. Values other than this must be separately stored by the receiver when a transmitter is learned. The discrimination bits are part of the information that form the encrypted portion of the transmission (Figure 4-2). After the receiver has decrypted a transmission, the discrimination bits are checked against the receiver’s stored value to verify that the decryption process was valid. If the discrimination value was programmed as the 12 LSb’s of the © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. CONFIGURATION WORD Bit Number DISCRIMINATION WORD Discrimination Bit 0 Discrimination Bit 1 Discrimination Bit 2 Discrimination Bit 3 Discrimination Bit 4 Discrimination Bit 5 Discrimination Bit 6 Discrimination Bit 7 Discrimination Bit 8 Discrimination Bit 9 Discrimination Bit 10 Discrimination Bit 11 Not Used Not Used Not Used Not Used CONFIG (Configuration Word) 3.7.1 Bit Name OSC0 OSC1 OSC2 OSC3 VLOWS BRS MTX4 TXEN S3SET XSER Not Used Not Used Not Used Not Used Not Used Not Used OSCILLATOR TUNING BITS (OSC0 AND OSC3) These bits are used to tune the frequency of the HCS201 internal clock oscillator to within ±10% of its nominal value over temperature and voltage. 3.7.2 LOW VOLTAGE TRIP POINT SELECT (VLOWS) The low voltage trip point select bit (VLOWS) and the S3 setting bit (S3SET) are used to determine when to send the VLOW signal to the receiver. TABLE 3-4: TRIP POINT SELECT VLOWS S3SET* Trip Point 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 4.4 4.4 9 6.75 * See also Section 3.7.6 DS41098D-page 7 HCS201 3.7.3 BAUD RATE SELECT BITS (BRS) BRS selects the speed of transmission and the code word blanking. Table 3-5 shows how the bit is used to select the different baud rates and Section 5.5 provides detailed explanation in code word blanking. TABLE 3-5: BAUDRATE SELECT 0 Basic Pulse Element 400 μs Code Words Transmitted All 1 200 μs 1 out of 2 BRS 3.7.4 MINIMUM FOUR TRANSMISSIONS (MTX4) If this bit is cleared, only one code is completed if the HCS201 is activated. If this bit is set, at least four complete code words are transmitted, even if code word blanking is enabled. 3.7.5 TRANSMIT PULSE ENABLE (TXEN) If this bit is cleared, no transmission pulse is transmitted before a transmission. If the bit is set, a START pulse (1 TE long) is transmitted after button de-bouncing, before the preamble of the first code word. 3.7.6 S3 SETTING (S3SET) This bit determines the value of S3 in the function code during a transmission and the high trip point selected by VLOWS in section 3.6.2. If this bit is cleared, S3 mirrors S2 during a transmission. If the S3SET bit is set, S3 in the function code (Button Status) is always set, independent of the value of S2. 3.7.7 EXTENDED SERIAL NUMBER (XSER) If this bit is set, a long 32-bit Serial Number is transmitted. If this bit is cleared, a standard 28-bit Serial Number is transmitted followed by 4 bits of the function code (Button Status). DS41098D-page 8 © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS201 4.0 TRANSMITTED WORD 4.2 4.1 Code Word Format The HCS201 transmits a 66-bit code word when a button is pressed. The 66-bit word is constructed from a Fixed Code portion and an Encrypted Code portion (Figure 4-2). The HCS201 code word is made up of several parts (Figure 4-1). Each code word contains a 50% duty cycle preamble, a header, 32 bits of encrypted data and 34 bits of fixed data followed by a guard period before another code word can begin. Refer to Table 9-4 for code word timing. Code Word Organization The 32 bits of Encrypted Data are generated from 4 button bits, 12 discrimination bits and the 16-bit sync value. The encrypted portion alone provides up to four billion changing code combinations. The 34 bits of Fixed Code Data are made up of 2 status bits, 4 button bits and the 28-bit serial number. The fixed and encrypted sections combined increase the number of code combinations to 7.38 x 1019. FIGURE 4-1: CODE WORD FORMAT TE TE TE LOGIC ‘0’ LOGIC ‘1’ Bit Period 50% Duty Cycle Preamble TP FIGURE 4-2: Header TH VLOW (1 bit) MSb Button Status S2 S1 S0 S3 Serial Number (28 bits) 32 bits of Encrypted Portion Button Status S2 S1 S0 S3 DISC (12 bits) Sync Counter (16 bits) 66 Data bits Transmitted LSb first. 1 MSb Guard Time TG CODE WORD ORGANIZATION 34 bits of Fixed Portion 1 Fixed Portion of Transmission TFIX Encrypted Portion of Transmission THOP VLOW (1 bit) Button Status 1 1 1 1 Serial Number (28 bits) SEED (32 bits) SEED replaces Encrypted Portion when all button inputs are activated at the same time. © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. LSb LSb DS41098D-page 9 HCS201 4.3 Synchronous Transmission Mode Synchronous Transmission mode can be used to clock the code word out using an external clock. To enter Synchronous Transmission mode, the Programming mode start-up sequence must be executed as shown in Figure 4-3. If either S1 or S0 is set on the falling edge of S2 (or S3), the device enters Synchronous Transmission mode. In this mode, it functions as a normal transmitter, with the exception that the timing of the PWM data string is controlled externally and 16 extra bits are transmitted at the end with the code word. FIGURE 4-3: The button code will be the S0, S1 value at the falling edge of S2 or S3. The timing of the PWM data string is controlled by supplying a clock on S2 or S3 and should not exceed 20 kHz. The code word is the same as in PWM mode with 16 reserved bits at the end of the word. The reserved bits can be ignored. When in Synchronous Transmission mode S2 or S3 should not be toggled until all internal processing has been completed as shown in Figure 4-4. SYNCHRONOUS TRANSMISSION MODE (TXEN=0) TPS TPH1 TPH2 t = 50ms Preamble Header Data PWM S2 S[1:0] FIGURE 4-4: “01,10,11” CODE WORD ORGANIZATION (SYNCHRONOUS TRANSMISSION MODE) Fixed Portion Reserved (16 bits) MSb DS41098D-page 10 Padding (2 bits) Button Status S2 S1 S0 S3 Encrypted Portion Serial Number (28 bits) Button Status S2 S1 S0 S3 DISC (12 bits) Sync Counter (16 bits) 82 Data bits Transmitted LSb first. LSb © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS201 5.0 SPECIAL FEATURES 5.1 Code Word Completion TABLE 5-1: The code word completion feature ensures that entire code words are transmitted, even if the button is released before the code word is complete. If the button is held down beyond the time for one code word, multiple code words will result. If another button is activated during a transmission, the active transmission will be aborted and a new transmission will begin using the new button information. 5.2 5.3 Auto-Shutoff The auto-shutoff function automatically stops the device from transmitting if a button inadvertently gets pressed for a long period of time. This will prevent the device from draining the battery if a button gets pressed while the transmitter is in a pocket or purse. Time-out period is TTO. 5.4 Seed Transmission In order to increase the level of security in a system, it is possible for the receiver to implement what is known as a secure learn function. This can be done by utilizing the seed value stored in EEPROM, transmitted only when all three button inputs are pressed at the same time (Table 5-1). Instead of the normal key generation inputs being used to create the crypt key, this seed value is used. FIGURE 5-1: Function S2 S1 S0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 2 0 1 0 - - - - 5 1 0 1 6 1 1 0 7 1 1 1 Standby Hopping Code Seed Code VLOW: Voltage LOW Indicator The VLOW bit is transmitted with every transmission (Figure 9-4) and will be transmitted as a one if the operating voltage has dropped below the low voltage trip point. The trip point is selectable based on the battery voltage being used. See Section 3.7.2 for a description of how the low voltage select option is set. This VLOW signal is transmitted so the receiver can give an audible signal to the user that the transmitter battery is low. PIN ACTIVATION TABLE 5.5 Blank Alternate Code Word Federal Communications Commission (FCC) part 15 rules specify the limits on worst case average fundamental power and harmonics that can be transmitted in a 100 ms window. For FCC approval purposes, it may therefore be advantageous to minimize the transmission duty cycle. This can be achieved by minimizing the duty cycle of the individual bits as well as by blanking out consecutive code words. Blank Alternate Code Word (BACW) may be used to reduce the average power of a transmission by transmitting only every second code word (Figure 5-1). This is a selectable feature that is determined in conjunction with the baud rate selection bit BSL0. Enabling the BACW option may likewise allow the user to transmit a higher amplitude transmission as the time averaged power is reduced. BACW effectively halves the RF on time for a given transmission so the RF output power could theoretically be doubled while maintaining the same time averaged output power. BLANK ALTERNATE CODE WORD (BACW) Amplitude BRS = 0 BRS = 1 A Code Word Code Word Code Word Code Word 2A Time © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. DS41098D-page 11 HCS201 5.6 Step Up Regulator FIGURE 5-2: The integrated Step Up regulator can be used to ensure the power supply voltage to the encoder and the RF circuit (VDD), is constant independent of what the battery voltage is (VDDB). Input on VDD pin is compared to VSTEP, the internal reference voltage. If VDD falls below this voltage the STEP output is pulsed at fSTEP. This output can be connected to an external circuit as illustrated in Figure 5-2, to provide a step up voltage on the device. APPLICATION CIRCUIT VDD L The Step Up regulator is inactive when the device is not transmitting. S0 VDD S1 STEP S2 DATA VDDB D R Q Tx out C VSS 2.0-6.0V Note: FIGURE 5-3: Vdd(V) Three button remote control with Step up regulator Power to the Step up regulator is taken from the VDDB pin. While VDD is limited to a 3.5V minimum, VDDB minimum can be as low as 2.0V for the Step Up circuit to start operating. External components sample values: R = 5.1 KΩ L = 390 uH C = 1.0 uF D = ZHCS400CT (40V 0.4A Zetex) Q = 2N3904 TYPICAL LOADING CURVES (FIGURE 5-2 CIRCUIT) 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Vddb=2V Vddb=2.5V Vddb=3V Vddb=3.5V 0 5 10 15 20 Load(mA) Note: These are typical values not tested in production. TABLE 5-2: Symbol STEP UP CIRCUIT CHARACTERISTICS Min. Typ. Max. Units Output frequency 125 200 250 kHz VSTEP Reference voltage 5.5 6.5 7.5 V Note: These parameters are characterized but not tested. fSTEP Parameters DS41098D-page 12 Conditions VDDB = 3V © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS201 PROGRAMMING THE HCS201 Twc. After every 16-bit word is written to the HCS201, the HCS201 will signal that the write is complete by sending out a train of ACK pulses, TACKH high, TACKL low (if the oscillator was perfectly tuned) on DATA. These will continue until S2 is dropped. The first pulse’s width should NOT be used for calibration. At the end of the programming cycle, the device can be verified (Figure 6-2) by reading back the EEPROM. Reading is done by clocking the S2 line and reading the data bits on DATA. For security reasons, it is not possible to execute a verify function without first programming the EEPROM. A Verify operation can only be done once, immediately following the Program cycle. When using the HCS201 in a system, the user will have to program some parameters into the device including the serial number and the secret key before it can be used. The programming cycle allows the user to input all 192 bits in a serial data stream, which are then stored internally in EEPROM. Programming will be initiated by forcing the DATA line high, after the S2 line has been held high for the appropriate length of time line (Table 6-1 and Figure 6-1). After the Program mode is entered, a delay must be provided to the device for the automatic bulk write cycle to complete. This will write all locations in the EEPROM to an all zeros pattern. The device can then be programmed by clocking in 16 bits at a time, using S2 as the clock line and DATA as the data in line. After each 16-bit word is loaded, a programming delay is required for the internal program cycle to complete. This delay can take up to To ensure that the device does not accidentally enter Programming mode, DATA should never be pulled high by the circuit connected to it. Special care should be taken when driving PNP RF transistors. PROGRAMMING WAVEFORMS Initiate Data Polling Here TCLKH H O LD TPBW TCLKL TDS TP Enter Program Mode DATA (Data) Bit 0 Bit 1 TWC TDH TCLKL Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 14 TA TPS TPH1 CK L S2 (Clock) TPH2 Ack Ack Bit 15 CK H FIGURE 6-1: Note: TA 6.0 Ack Calibration Pulses Write Cycle Complete Here Bit 16 Bit 17 Data for Word 1 Repeat for each word (12 times) Note 1: S0 and S1 button inputs to be held to ground during the entire programming sequence. FIGURE 6-2: VERIFY WAVEFORMS End of Programming Cycle Beginning of Verify Cycle Data from Word 0 DATA (Data) Bit190 Bit191 Ack TWC Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 14 Bit 15 Bit 16 Bit 17 Bit190 Bit191 TDV S2 (Clock) Note: If a Verify operation is to be done, then it must immediately follow the Program cycle. © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. DS41098D-page 13 HCS201 TABLE 6-1: PROGRAMMING/VERIFY TIMING REQUIREMENTS VDD = 5.0V ± 10%, 25° C ± 5 ° C Parameter Program mode setup time Hold time 1 Hold time 2 Bulk Write time Program delay time Program cycle time Clock low time Clock high time Data setup time Data hold time Data out valid time Hold time Acknowledge low time Acknowledge high time DS41098D-page 14 Symbol Min. Max. Units TPS TPH1 TPH2 TPBW TPROG TWC TCLKL TCLKH TDS TDH TDV TPHOLD TACKL TACKH 2 4.0 50 4.0 4.0 50 50 50 0 18 — 100 800 800 5.0 — — — — — — — — — 30 — — — ms ms μs ms ms ms μs μs μs μs μs μs μs μs © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS201 7.0 INTEGRATING THE HCS201 INTO A SYSTEM Use of the HCS201 in a system requires a compatible decoder. This decoder is typically a microcontroller with compatible firmware. Microchip will provide (via a license agreement) firmware routines that accept transmissions from the HCS201 and decrypt the hopping code portion of the data stream. These routines provide system designers the means to develop their own decoding system. 7.1 Learning a Transmitter to a Receiver A transmitter must first be 'learned' by a decoder before its use is allowed in the system. Several learning strategies are possible, Figure 7-1 details a typical learn sequence. Core to each, the decoder must minimally store each learned transmitter's serial number and current synchronization counter value in EEPROM. Additionally, the decoder typically stores each transmitter's unique crypt key. The maximum number of learned transmitters will therefore be relative to the available EEPROM. A transmitter's serial number is transmitted in the clear but the synchronization counter only exists in the code word's encrypted portion. The decoder obtains the counter value by decrypting using the same key used to encrypt the information. The KEELOQ algorithm is a symmetrical block cipher so the encryption and decryption keys are identical and referred to generally as the crypt key. The encoder receives its crypt key during manufacturing. The decoder is programmed with the ability to generate a crypt key as well as all but one required input to the key generation routine; typically the transmitter's serial number. Figure 7-1 summarizes a typical learn sequence. The decoder receives and authenticates a first transmission; first button press. Authentication involves generating the appropriate crypt key, decrypting, validating the correct key usage via the discrimination bits and buffering the counter value. A second transmission is received and authenticated. A final check verifies the counter values were sequential; consecutive button presses. If the learn sequence is successfully complete, the decoder stores the learned transmitter's serial number, current synchronization counter value and appropriate crypt key. From now on the crypt key will be retrieved from EEPROM during normal operation instead of recalculating it for each transmission received. FIGURE 7-1: TYPICAL LEARN SEQUENCE Enter Learn Mode Wait for Reception of a Valid Code Generate Key from Serial Number Use Generated Key to Decrypt Compare Discrimination Value with Fixed Value Equal ? No Yes Wait for Reception of Second Valid Code Use Generated Key to Decrypt Compare Discrimination Value with Fixed Value Equal ? No Yes Counters Sequential ? Yes No Learn successful Store: Learn Unsuccessful Serial number Encryption key Synchronization counter Exit Certain learning strategies have been patented and care must be taken not to infringe. © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. DS41098D-page 15 HCS201 7.2 Decoder Operation 7.3 Figure 7-2 summarizes normal decoder operation. The decoder waits until a transmission is received. The received serial number is compared to the EEPROM table of learned transmitters to first determine if this transmitter's use is allowed in the system. If from a learned transmitter, the transmission is decrypted using the stored crypt key and authenticated via the discrimination bits for appropriate crypt key usage. If the decryption was valid the synchronization value is evaluated. FIGURE 7-2: TYPICAL DECODER OPERATION Start No Transmission Received ? Yes No Is Decryption Valid ? Yes No Is Counter Within 16 ? No No Is Counter Within 32K ? Yes Save Counter in Temp Location DS41098D-page 16 Yes The KEELOQ technology patent scope includes a sophisticated synchronization technique that does not require the calculation and storage of future codes. The technique securely blocks invalid transmissions while providing transparent resynchronization to transmitters inadvertently activated away from the receiver. Figure 7-3 shows a 3-partition, rotating synchronization window. The size of each window is optional but the technique is fundamental. Each time a transmission is authenticated, the intended function is executed and the transmission's synchronization counter value is stored in EEPROM. From the currently stored counter value there is an initial "Single Operation" forward window of 16 codes. If the difference between a received synchronization counter and the last stored counter is within 16, the intended function will be executed on the single button press and the new synchronization counter will be stored. Storing the new synchronization counter value effectively rotates the entire synchronization window. A "Double Operation" (resynchronization) window further exists from the Single Operation window up to 32K codes forward of the currently stored counter value. It is referred to as "Double Operation" because a transmission with synchronization counter value in this window will require an additional, sequential counter transmission prior to executing the intended function. Upon receiving the sequential transmission the decoder executes the intended function and stores the synchronization counter value. This resynchronization occurs transparently to the user as it is human nature to press the button a second time if the first was unsuccessful. Does Serial Number Match ? Yes Decrypt Transmission No Synchronization with Decoder (Evaluating the Counter) Execute Command and Update Counter The third window is a "Blocked Window" ranging from the double operation window to the currently stored synchronization counter value. Any transmission with synchronization counter value within this window will be ignored. This window excludes previously used, perhaps code-grabbed transmissions from accessing the system. Note: The synchronization method described in this section is only a typical implementation and because it is usually implemented in firmware, it can be altered to fit the needs of a particular system. © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS201 FIGURE 7-3: SYNCHRONIZATION WINDOW Entire Window rotates to eliminate use of previously used codes Blocked Window (32K Codes) Double Operation (resynchronization) Window (32K Codes) © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. Stored Synchronization Counter Value Single Operation Window (16 Codes) DS41098D-page 17 HCS201 8.0 DEVELOPMENT SUPPORT The PIC® microcontrollers and dsPIC® digital signal controllers are supported with a full range of software and hardware development tools: • Integrated Development Environment - MPLAB® IDE Software • Compilers/Assemblers/Linkers - MPLAB C Compiler for Various Device Families - HI-TECH C for Various Device Families - MPASMTM Assembler - MPLINKTM Object Linker/ MPLIBTM Object Librarian - MPLAB Assembler/Linker/Librarian for Various Device Families • Simulators - MPLAB SIM Software Simulator • Emulators - MPLAB REAL ICE™ In-Circuit Emulator • In-Circuit Debuggers - MPLAB ICD 3 - PICkit™ 3 Debug Express • Device Programmers - PICkit™ 2 Programmer - MPLAB PM3 Device Programmer • Low-Cost Demonstration/Development Boards, Evaluation Kits, and Starter Kits 8.1 MPLAB Integrated Development Environment Software The MPLAB IDE software brings an ease of software development previously unseen in the 8/16/32-bit microcontroller market. The MPLAB IDE is a Windows® operating system-based application that contains: • A single graphical interface to all debugging tools - Simulator - Programmer (sold separately) - In-Circuit Emulator (sold separately) - In-Circuit Debugger (sold separately) • A full-featured editor with color-coded context • A multiple project manager • Customizable data windows with direct edit of contents • High-level source code debugging • Mouse over variable inspection • Drag and drop variables from source to watch windows • Extensive on-line help • Integration of select third party tools, such as IAR C Compilers The MPLAB IDE allows you to: • Edit your source files (either C or assembly) • One-touch compile or assemble, and download to emulator and simulator tools (automatically updates all project information) • Debug using: - Source files (C or assembly) - Mixed C and assembly - Machine code MPLAB IDE supports multiple debugging tools in a single development paradigm, from the cost-effective simulators, through low-cost in-circuit debuggers, to full-featured emulators. This eliminates the learning curve when upgrading to tools with increased flexibility and power. DS41098D-page 18 © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS201 8.2 MPLAB C Compilers for Various Device Families The MPLAB C Compiler code development systems are complete ANSI C compilers for Microchip’s PIC18, PIC24 and PIC32 families of microcontrollers and the dsPIC30 and dsPIC33 families of digital signal controllers. These compilers provide powerful integration capabilities, superior code optimization and ease of use. For easy source level debugging, the compilers provide symbol information that is optimized to the MPLAB IDE debugger. 8.3 HI-TECH C for Various Device Families The HI-TECH C Compiler code development systems are complete ANSI C compilers for Microchip’s PIC family of microcontrollers and the dsPIC family of digital signal controllers. These compilers provide powerful integration capabilities, omniscient code generation and ease of use. For easy source level debugging, the compilers provide symbol information that is optimized to the MPLAB IDE debugger. The compilers include a macro assembler, linker, preprocessor, and one-step driver, and can run on multiple platforms. 8.4 MPASM Assembler The MPASM Assembler is a full-featured, universal macro assembler for PIC10/12/16/18 MCUs. The MPASM Assembler generates relocatable object files for the MPLINK Object Linker, Intel® standard HEX files, MAP files to detail memory usage and symbol reference, absolute LST files that contain source lines and generated machine code and COFF files for debugging. The MPASM Assembler features include: 8.5 MPLINK Object Linker/ MPLIB Object Librarian The MPLINK Object Linker combines relocatable objects created by the MPASM Assembler and the MPLAB C18 C Compiler. It can link relocatable objects from precompiled libraries, using directives from a linker script. The MPLIB Object Librarian manages the creation and modification of library files of precompiled code. When a routine from a library is called from a source file, only the modules that contain that routine will be linked in with the application. This allows large libraries to be used efficiently in many different applications. The object linker/library features include: • Efficient linking of single libraries instead of many smaller files • Enhanced code maintainability by grouping related modules together • Flexible creation of libraries with easy module listing, replacement, deletion and extraction 8.6 MPLAB Assembler, Linker and Librarian for Various Device Families MPLAB Assembler produces relocatable machine code from symbolic assembly language for PIC24, PIC32 and dsPIC devices. MPLAB C Compiler uses the assembler to produce its object file. The assembler generates relocatable object files that can then be archived or linked with other relocatable object files and archives to create an executable file. Notable features of the assembler include: • • • • • • Support for the entire device instruction set Support for fixed-point and floating-point data Command line interface Rich directive set Flexible macro language MPLAB IDE compatibility • Integration into MPLAB IDE projects • User-defined macros to streamline assembly code • Conditional assembly for multi-purpose source files • Directives that allow complete control over the assembly process © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. DS41098D-page 19 HCS201 8.7 MPLAB SIM Software Simulator The MPLAB SIM Software Simulator allows code development in a PC-hosted environment by simulating the PIC® MCUs and dsPIC® DSCs on an instruction level. On any given instruction, the data areas can be examined or modified and stimuli can be applied from a comprehensive stimulus controller. Registers can be logged to files for further run-time analysis. The trace buffer and logic analyzer display extend the power of the simulator to record and track program execution, actions on I/O, most peripherals and internal registers. The MPLAB SIM Software Simulator fully supports symbolic debugging using the MPLAB C Compilers, and the MPASM and MPLAB Assemblers. The software simulator offers the flexibility to develop and debug code outside of the hardware laboratory environment, making it an excellent, economical software development tool. 8.8 MPLAB REAL ICE In-Circuit Emulator System MPLAB REAL ICE In-Circuit Emulator System is Microchip’s next generation high-speed emulator for Microchip Flash DSC and MCU devices. It debugs and programs PIC® Flash MCUs and dsPIC® Flash DSCs with the easy-to-use, powerful graphical user interface of the MPLAB Integrated Development Environment (IDE), included with each kit. The emulator is connected to the design engineer’s PC using a high-speed USB 2.0 interface and is connected to the target with either a connector compatible with incircuit debugger systems (RJ11) or with the new highspeed, noise tolerant, Low-Voltage Differential Signal (LVDS) interconnection (CAT5). The emulator is field upgradable through future firmware downloads in MPLAB IDE. In upcoming releases of MPLAB IDE, new devices will be supported, and new features will be added. MPLAB REAL ICE offers significant advantages over competitive emulators including low-cost, full-speed emulation, run-time variable watches, trace analysis, complex breakpoints, a ruggedized probe interface and long (up to three meters) interconnection cables. DS41098D-page 20 8.9 MPLAB ICD 3 In-Circuit Debugger System MPLAB ICD 3 In-Circuit Debugger System is Microchip's most cost effective high-speed hardware debugger/programmer for Microchip Flash Digital Signal Controller (DSC) and microcontroller (MCU) devices. It debugs and programs PIC® Flash microcontrollers and dsPIC® DSCs with the powerful, yet easyto-use graphical user interface of MPLAB Integrated Development Environment (IDE). The MPLAB ICD 3 In-Circuit Debugger probe is connected to the design engineer's PC using a high-speed USB 2.0 interface and is connected to the target with a connector compatible with the MPLAB ICD 2 or MPLAB REAL ICE systems (RJ-11). MPLAB ICD 3 supports all MPLAB ICD 2 headers. 8.10 PICkit 3 In-Circuit Debugger/ Programmer and PICkit 3 Debug Express The MPLAB PICkit 3 allows debugging and programming of PIC® and dsPIC® Flash microcontrollers at a most affordable price point using the powerful graphical user interface of the MPLAB Integrated Development Environment (IDE). The MPLAB PICkit 3 is connected to the design engineer's PC using a full speed USB interface and can be connected to the target via an Microchip debug (RJ-11) connector (compatible with MPLAB ICD 3 and MPLAB REAL ICE). The connector uses two device I/O pins and the reset line to implement in-circuit debugging and In-Circuit Serial Programming™. The PICkit 3 Debug Express include the PICkit 3, demo board and microcontroller, hookup cables and CDROM with user’s guide, lessons, tutorial, compiler and MPLAB IDE software. © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS201 8.11 PICkit 2 Development Programmer/Debugger and PICkit 2 Debug Express The PICkit™ 2 Development Programmer/Debugger is a low-cost development tool with an easy to use interface for programming and debugging Microchip’s Flash families of microcontrollers. The full featured Windows® programming interface supports baseline (PIC10F, PIC12F5xx, PIC16F5xx), midrange (PIC12F6xx, PIC16F), PIC18F, PIC24, dsPIC30, dsPIC33, and PIC32 families of 8-bit, 16-bit, and 32-bit microcontrollers, and many Microchip Serial EEPROM products. With Microchip’s powerful MPLAB Integrated Development Environment (IDE) the PICkit™ 2 enables in-circuit debugging on most PIC® microcontrollers. In-Circuit-Debugging runs, halts and single steps the program while the PIC microcontroller is embedded in the application. When halted at a breakpoint, the file registers can be examined and modified. The PICkit 2 Debug Express include the PICkit 2, demo board and microcontroller, hookup cables and CDROM with user’s guide, lessons, tutorial, compiler and MPLAB IDE software. 8.12 MPLAB PM3 Device Programmer The MPLAB PM3 Device Programmer is a universal, CE compliant device programmer with programmable voltage verification at VDDMIN and VDDMAX for maximum reliability. It features a large LCD display (128 x 64) for menus and error messages and a modular, detachable socket assembly to support various package types. The ICSP™ cable assembly is included as a standard item. In Stand-Alone mode, the MPLAB PM3 Device Programmer can read, verify and program PIC devices without a PC connection. It can also set code protection in this mode. The MPLAB PM3 connects to the host PC via an RS-232 or USB cable. The MPLAB PM3 has high-speed communications and optimized algorithms for quick programming of large memory devices and incorporates an MMC card for file storage and data applications. © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. 8.13 Demonstration/Development Boards, Evaluation Kits, and Starter Kits A wide variety of demonstration, development and evaluation boards for various PIC MCUs and dsPIC DSCs allows quick application development on fully functional systems. Most boards include prototyping areas for adding custom circuitry and provide application firmware and source code for examination and modification. The boards support a variety of features, including LEDs, temperature sensors, switches, speakers, RS-232 interfaces, LCD displays, potentiometers and additional EEPROM memory. The demonstration and development boards can be used in teaching environments, for prototyping custom circuits and for learning about various microcontroller applications. In addition to the PICDEM™ and dsPICDEM™ demonstration/development board series of circuits, Microchip has a line of evaluation kits and demonstration software for analog filter design, KEELOQ® security ICs, CAN, IrDA®, PowerSmart battery management, SEEVAL® evaluation system, Sigma-Delta ADC, flow rate sensing, plus many more. Also available are starter kits that contain everything needed to experience the specified device. This usually includes a single application and debug capability, all on one board. Check the Microchip web page (www.microchip.com) for the complete list of demonstration, development and evaluation kits. DS41098D-page 21 HCS201 9.0 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS TABLE 9-1: ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS Symbol Item Rating Units VDD Supply voltage -0.3 to 13.5 V VIN Input voltage -0.3 to VDD + 0.3 V VOUT Output voltage -0.3 to VDD + 0.3 V IOUT Max output current 50 mA TSTG Storage temperature -55 to +125 C (Note 1) TLSOL Lead soldering temp 300 C (Note 1) Note 1: Stresses above those listed under “ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS” may cause permanent damage to the device. TABLE 9-2: DC CHARACTERISTICS Commercial (C): Tamb = 0° C to +70° C Industrial (I): Tamb = -40° C to +85° C 3.5V < VDD < 5.0V 5.0V < VDD < 13.0V Parameter Sym. Min. Typ.1 Max. Min. Typ.1 Max. Unit Operating Current (avg)2 ICC — 0.2 0.5 — — 1.5 — 2 mA mA Standby Current ICCS — 0.1 1.0 — 0.1 1.0 μA Auto-shutoff Current3,4 ICCS — 40 75 — 160 300 μA High Level Input Voltage VIH 0.55VDD — VDD+0.3 2.75 — VDD+0.3 V Low level Input Voltage VIL -0.3 — 0.15VDD -0.3 — 0.75 V High level Output Voltage VOH 0.6VDD — — — 3.3 — — V V IOH = -1.0 mA VDD = 3.5V IOH = -2.0 mA VDD = 12V Low Level Output Voltage VOL — — 0.08VDD — — — 0.4 V V IOL = 1.0 mA VDD = 5V IOL = 2.0 mA VDD = 12V Pull-down Resistance; S0-S2 RSO-2 40 60 80 40 60 80 kΩ VDD = 4.0V Pull-down Resistance; DATA RDATA 80 120 160 80 120 160 kΩ VDD = 4.0V Conditions Note 1: Typical values are at 25° C. 2: No load. 3: Auto-shutoff current specification does not include the current through the input pull-down resistors. 4: These values are characterized but not tested. DS41098D-page 22 © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS201 FIGURE 9-1: POWER-UP AND TRANSMIT TIMING Button Press Detect Multiple Code Word Transmission TBP TTD TDB DATA Output Code Word 1 TS Code Word 2 Code Word 3 Code Word 4 Code Word n TTO Button Input Sn POWER-UP AND TRANSMIT TIMING(2) TABLE 9-3: Standard Operating Conditions (unless otherwise specified): Commercial(C): Tamb = 0°C to +70°C Industrial(I): Tamb = -40°C to +85°C Symbol TBP Parameter Min. Time to second button press 10 + Code Word 12 6 Typ. Max. Unit Conditions 26 + Code Word 26 20 ms (Note 1) Transmit delay from button detect ms TTD TDB Debounce Delay ms Auto-shutoff time-out period 27 s TTO Ts START Pulse Delay 4.5 ms Note 1: TBP is the time in which a second button can be pressed without completion of the first code word (the intention was to press the combination of buttons). 2: Typical values - not tested in production. FIGURE 9-2: CODE WORD FORMAT TE TE TE LOGIC ‘0’ LOGIC ‘1’ Bit Period TBP 50% Duty Cycle Preamble TP © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. Header TH Encrypted Portion of Transmission THOP Fixed Portion of Transmission TFIX Guard Time TG DS41098D-page 23 HCS201 FIGURE 9-3: CODE WORD FORMAT: PREAMBLE/HEADER PORTION P1 P12 Bit 0 Bit 1 23 TE 50% Duty Cycle Preamble FIGURE 9-4: 10 TE Header CODE WORD FORMAT: DATA PORTION (XSER=0) Serial Number MSB LSB LSB Bit 0 Bit 1 Header S3 S0 Status S1 S2 VLOW RPT Bit 30 Bit 31 Bit 32 Bit 33 Bit 58 Bit 59 Bit 60 Bit 61 Bit 62 Bit 63 Bit 64 Bit 65 Guard Time Fixed Portion CODE WORD TRANSMISSION TIMING REQUIREMENTS VDD = +3.5 to 6.0V Commercial (C): Tamb = 0° C to +70° C Industrial (I): Tamb = -40° C to +85° C Symbol Button Code MSB Encrypted Portion TABLE 9-4: Data Bits Characteristic Code Words Transmitted All 1 out of 2 Number of TE Min. Typ. Max. Min. Typ. Max. Units 1 360 400 440 180 200 220 μs TE Basic pulse element TBP PWM bit pulse width 3 1.08 1.2 1.32 0.54 0.6 0.66 ms TP Preamble duration 23 8.64 9.2 10.56 4.32 4.6 5.28 ms TH Header duration 10 3.6 4.0 4.4 1.8 2.0 2.2 ms THOP Hopping code duration 96 34.56 38.4 42.24 17.28 19.2 21.12 ms TFIX Fixed code duration 102 36.72 40.8 44.88 18.36 20.4 22.44 ms TG Guard Time 39 14.04 15.6 17.16 7.02 7.8 8.58 ms ⎯ Total Transmit Time 271 97.56 108.4 119.24 48.78 54.2 59.62 ms ⎯ PWM data rate ⎯ 925 833 757 1851 1667 1515 bps Note 1: The timing parameters are not tested but derived from the oscillator clock. DS41098D-page 24 © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS201 10.0 PACKAGING INFORMATION 10.1 Package Marking Information 8-Lead PDIP XXXXXXXX XXXXXNNN YYWW 8-Lead SOIC XXXXXXX XXXYYWW NNN Legend: XX...X YY WW NNN Note: * Example HCS201 XXXXXNNN 0025 Example HCS201 XXX0025 NNN Customer specific information* Year code (last 2 digits of calendar year) Week code (week of January 1 is week ‘01’) Alphanumeric traceability code In the event the full Microchip part number cannot be marked on one line, it will be carried over to the next line thus limiting the number of available characters for customer specific information. Standard OTP marking consists of Microchip part number, year code, week code, facility code, mask rev#, and assembly code. For OTP marking beyond this, certain price adders apply. Please check with your Microchip Sales Office. For QTP devices, any special marking adders are included in QTP price. © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. DS41098D-page 25 HCS201 10.2 Package Details 3 &' !&"&4#*!(!!& 4%& &#& &&255***' '54 N NOTE 1 E1 1 3 2 D E A2 A L A1 c e eB b1 b 6&! '! 9'&! 7"') %! 7,8. 7 7 7: ; < & & & = = ##44!! - 1!& & = = "#& "#>#& . - - ##4>#& . < : 9& -< -? & & 9 - 9#4!! < ) ? ) < 1 = = 69#>#& 9 *9#>#& : *+ 1, - !"#$%&"' ()"&'"!&) &#*&&&# +%&,&!& - '! !#.# &"#' #%! &"! ! #%! &"! !! &$#/!# '! #& .0 1,21!'! &$& "! **& "&& ! * ,<1 DS41098D-page 26 © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS201 Note: For the most current package drawings, please see the Microchip Packaging Specification located at http://www.microchip.com/packaging © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. DS41098D-page 27 HCS201 Note: For the most current package drawings, please see the Microchip Packaging Specification located at http://www.microchip.com/packaging DS41098D-page 28 © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS201 ! ""#$%& !' 3 &' !&"&4#*!(!!& 4%& &#& &&255***' '54 © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. DS41098D-page 29 HCS201 APPENDIX A: ADDITIONAL INFORMATION Microchip’s Secure Data Products are covered by some or all of the following: Code hopping encoder patents issued in European countries and U.S.A. Secure learning patents issued in European countries, U.S.A. and R.S.A. REVISION HISTORY Revision D (June 2011) • Updated the following sections: Development Support, The Microchip Web Site and Reader Response • Added the HCS201 Product Identification System section • Added new section Appendix A • Minor formatting and text changes were incorporated throughout the document DS41098D-page 30 © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS201 THE MICROCHIP WEB SITE CUSTOMER SUPPORT Microchip provides online support via our WWW site at www.microchip.com. This web site is used as a means to make files and information easily available to customers. Accessible by using your favorite Internet browser, the web site contains the following information: Users of Microchip products can receive assistance through several channels: • Product Support – Data sheets and errata, application notes and sample programs, design resources, user’s guides and hardware support documents, latest software releases and archived software • General Technical Support – Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ), technical support requests, online discussion groups, Microchip consultant program member listing • Business of Microchip – Product selector and ordering guides, latest Microchip press releases, listing of seminars and events, listings of Microchip sales offices, distributors and factory representatives • • • • • Distributor or Representative Local Sales Office Field Application Engineer (FAE) Technical Support Development Systems Information Line Customers should contact their distributor, representative or field application engineer (FAE) for support. Local sales offices are also available to help customers. A listing of sales offices and locations is included in the back of this document. Technical support is available through the web site at: http://microchip.com/support CUSTOMER CHANGE NOTIFICATION SERVICE Microchip’s customer notification service helps keep customers current on Microchip products. Subscribers will receive e-mail notification whenever there are changes, updates, revisions or errata related to a specified product family or development tool of interest. To register, access the Microchip web site at www.microchip.com. Under “Support”, click on “Customer Change Notification” and follow the registration instructions. © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. DS41098D-page 31 HCS201 READER RESPONSE It is our intention to provide you with the best documentation possible to ensure successful use of your Microchip product. If you wish to provide your comments on organization, clarity, subject matter, and ways in which our documentation can better serve you, please FAX your comments to the Technical Publications Manager at (480) 792-4150. Please list the following information, and use this outline to provide us with your comments about this document. TO: Technical Publications Manager RE: Reader Response Total Pages Sent ________ From: Name Company Address City / State / ZIP / Country Telephone: (_______) _________ - _________ FAX: (______) _________ - _________ Application (optional): Would you like a reply? Y N Device: HCS201 Literature Number: DS41098D Questions: 1. What are the best features of this document? 2. How does this document meet your hardware and software development needs? 3. Do you find the organization of this document easy to follow? If not, why? 4. What additions to the document do you think would enhance the structure and subject? 5. What deletions from the document could be made without affecting the overall usefulness? 6. Is there any incorrect or misleading information (what and where)? 7. How would you improve this document? DS41098D-page 32 © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS201 HCS201 PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM To order or obtain information, e.g., on pricing or delivery, refer to the factory or the listed sales office. HCS201 — /P Package: Temperature Range: Device: © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. P = Plastic DIP (300 mil Body), 8-lead SN = Plastic SOIC (150 mil Body), 8-lead ST = TSSOP (4.4 mm Body), 8-lead Blank = 0°C to +70°C I = –40°C to +85°C HCS201 HCS201T Code Hopping Encoder Code Hopping Encoder (Tape and Reel) DS41098D-page 33 HCS201 NOTES: DS41098D-page 34 © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. Note the following details of the code protection feature on Microchip devices: • Microchip products meet the specification contained in their particular Microchip Data Sheet. • Microchip believes that its family of products is one of the most secure families of its kind on the market today, when used in the intended manner and under normal conditions. • There are dishonest and possibly illegal methods used to breach the code protection feature. All of these methods, to our knowledge, require using the Microchip products in a manner outside the operating specifications contained in Microchip’s Data Sheets. Most likely, the person doing so is engaged in theft of intellectual property. • Microchip is willing to work with the customer who is concerned about the integrity of their code. • Neither Microchip nor any other semiconductor manufacturer can guarantee the security of their code. Code protection does not mean that we are guaranteeing the product as “unbreakable.” Code protection is constantly evolving. We at Microchip are committed to continuously improving the code protection features of our products. Attempts to break Microchip’s code protection feature may be a violation of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. If such acts allow unauthorized access to your software or other copyrighted work, you may have a right to sue for relief under that Act. Information contained in this publication regarding device applications and the like is provided only for your convenience and may be superseded by updates. It is your responsibility to ensure that your application meets with your specifications. MICROCHIP MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND WHETHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WRITTEN OR ORAL, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE, RELATED TO THE INFORMATION, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ITS CONDITION, QUALITY, PERFORMANCE, MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR PURPOSE. Microchip disclaims all liability arising from this information and its use. Use of Microchip devices in life support and/or safety applications is entirely at the buyer’s risk, and the buyer agrees to defend, indemnify and hold harmless Microchip from any and all damages, claims, suits, or expenses resulting from such use. No licenses are conveyed, implicitly or otherwise, under any Microchip intellectual property rights. Trademarks The Microchip name and logo, the Microchip logo, dsPIC, KEELOQ, KEELOQ logo, MPLAB, PIC, PICmicro, PICSTART, PIC32 logo, rfPIC and UNI/O are registered trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other countries. FilterLab, Hampshire, HI-TECH C, Linear Active Thermistor, MXDEV, MXLAB, SEEVAL and The Embedded Control Solutions Company are registered trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. Analog-for-the-Digital Age, Application Maestro, CodeGuard, dsPICDEM, dsPICDEM.net, dsPICworks, dsSPEAK, ECAN, ECONOMONITOR, FanSense, HI-TIDE, In-Circuit Serial Programming, ICSP, Mindi, MiWi, MPASM, MPLAB Certified logo, MPLIB, MPLINK, mTouch, Omniscient Code Generation, PICC, PICC-18, PICDEM, PICDEM.net, PICkit, PICtail, REAL ICE, rfLAB, Select Mode, Total Endurance, TSHARC, UniWinDriver, WiperLock and ZENA are trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other countries. SQTP is a service mark of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. All other trademarks mentioned herein are property of their respective companies. © 2011, Microchip Technology Incorporated, Printed in the U.S.A., All Rights Reserved. Printed on recycled paper. ISBN: 978-1-61341-230-5 Microchip received ISO/TS-16949:2002 certification for its worldwide headquarters, design and wafer fabrication facilities in Chandler and Tempe, Arizona; Gresham, Oregon and design centers in California and India. The Company’s quality system processes and procedures are for its PIC® MCUs and dsPIC® DSCs, KEELOQ® code hopping devices, Serial EEPROMs, microperipherals, nonvolatile memory and analog products. In addition, Microchip’s quality system for the design and manufacture of development systems is ISO 9001:2000 certified. © 2011 Microchip Technology Inc. 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