Data sheet PDF File

Model 9002
Dual-Channels -
Programmable
Filter/Amplifier Instrument
• Certified
Description
Frequency Devices Model 9002 Dual Channel
Filter/Amplifier Instrument represents a state-of-theart combination of performance, utility, and economy.
The instrument is fully self-contained, with a user
configurable 110 or 220 VAC system power supply, a
digital controller, display interface electronics, and mix
and match filter cards tunable from 0.1 Hz to 102.4
kHz, (Optional 204.8 kHz). Each 9002 can be
configured with two independent low-pass channels,
high-pass channels or a high-pass/low-pass
combination for band-pass operation. Filter transfer
functions must be specified at time of order.
Designed with ease-of-use in mind, control programs
share non-volatile random-access-memory (RAM) on
the system controller card that allows for key pad or
remote programming via the IEEE-488bus. The
instrument is encased in a compact 3.5"H x 8.5"W x
17.0"D enclosure for bench-top use or can be
mounted in a standard 19" half-rack slot.
Standard operating features include:
1) 0.1 Hz to 102.4 kHz Tuning Range
2) Selectable single-ended or differential input
3) Gain/phase matched channels
4) Memory storage for up to 8 set-ups per channel
5) Programmable AC/DC coupling
6) Fine resolution pre/post filter gain
7) Front/rear BNC connectors for analog I/O
Signal conditioning applications include:
Anti-aliasing
Sound measurements
Noise testing
Audio communications
Medical research
Industrial process control
Seismic Analysis
Vibration Analysis
Filter Transfer
A. Low-Pass
LP00
LP01
LP02
LP03
LP05
LP06
LP07
LP08
LP09
B. High-Pass
HP00
HP01
HP05
HP07
HP09
Functions Available
8-pole Butterworth
8-pole, 6-zero elliptic 1.77
8-pole, Bessel
8-pole, 6-zero constant delay
8-pole, 6-zero elliptic (200 kHz)
4-pole Bessel
4-pole Butterworth
8-pole, Bessel (200 kHz)
8-pole, Butterworth (200 kHz)
8-pole Butterworth
8-pole, 6-zero elliptic 1.77
8-pole, 6-zero elliptic (200 kHz)
4-pole Butterworth
8-pole, Butterworth (200 kHz)
Ordering Information
Channel 1
9002-HP01/LP01
Channel 2
Note: To configure the 9002 for band-pass operation, Channel 1 must always contain the high-pass transfer function.
49
25 Locust St. • Haverhill, Massachusetts 01830 • (800) 252-7074 • (978) 374-0761 • FAX (978) 521-1839
e-mail: sales@freqdev.com • Web Address: http://www.freqdev.com • Fax on Demand: 978/521-5178
Model 9002
Specifications
(@ 25°C and rated Power Input)
General
Programmable Frequency Range (fc)
Interface
Frequency Resolution
Pre- and Post-Filter Gain
Offset Temp. Coeff.
Phase Match
Amplitude Accuracy
Harmonic Distortion @ 1 kHz
Wide Band Noise
0.1 Hz to 102.4 kHz (Optional 204.8 kHz)
IEEE-488
3.5 digits
1.00 to 13.75 in steps of 0.05
50mV/°C
See filter specifications
See filter specifications
-90 dB typ.
200mVRMS typ.
(5 Hz - 2 MHz)
Narrow Band Noise
50mVRMS typ.
(5 Hz - 100 kHz)
Signal I/O
Power Connector
Power
Memory
Operating Temperature
Dimensions
Shipping Weight
BNC Front and Rear
110, 120, 220, 240 VAC @ 50/60 Hz
30 watts
8 set-ups/channel
0° to 50°C
3.5"H x 8.5"W x 17.0"D
8.89 cm H x 21.59 cm W x 43.18 cm D
15 lbs., 6.8 kg
Input Characteristics
Input Impedance:
Differential
Single Ended
2 MW Shunted by 24 pF to Analog Ground
1 MW Shunted by 47 pF to Analog Ground
Coupling
Maximum Input Signal
AC or DC, Programmable from front panel
±10V pk @ 0 dB
Input Voltage:
Linear Differential
Max Safe Differential
Max Safe Common Mode
Common Mode Rejection Ratio with
2kW Source Unbalance and 0 dB Gain
20V pp (gain set @ 0 dB)
Any Continuous Value between ±100V
Any Continuous Value between ±100V
60 dB typ.
Output Characteristics
Full Power Bandwidth
Small Signal Bandwidth (1 V p-p)
Output Impedance
Offset Voltage
200 kHz
400 kHz @ -3 dB
50W
±2mV (Pre- and Post-gain 0 dB) DC coupled
option only. Adjustable to zero via rear-panel adjustment.
±50 mA into 50W
±10V pk
-90 dB max., 0 to 100 kHz
Current
Maximum Voltage (open circuit)
Cross-Talk between Channels
Options
19" Rack Mount Assembly, holds 2 Instruments
Additional Operation Manual
We hope the information given here will be helpful. The information is based on data and our best knowledge, and we consider the information to be true and accurate. Please read all statements,
recommendations or suggestions herein in conjunction with our conditions of sale which apply to all goods supplied by us. We assume no responsibility for the use of these statements,
recommendations or suggestions, nor do we intend them as a recommendation for any use which would infringe any patent or copyright.
PR-9002-00
50
25 Locust St. • Haverhill, Massachusetts 01830 • (800) 252-7074 • (978) 374-0761 • FAX (978) 521-1839
e-mail: sales@freqdev.com • Web Address: http://www.freqdev.com • Fax on Demand: 978/521-5178
Low-Pass
4-Pole
Appendix A
Bessel
Theoretical Transfer Characteristics
1
f/fc
Amp
Phase
Delay
(Hz)
(dB)
(deg)
(sec)
0.00
0.00
0.00
.336
0.10
-0.028
-12.1
.336
0.20
-0.111
-24.2
.336
0.30
-0.251
-36.3
.336
0.40
-0.448
-48.4
.336
0.50
-0.705
-60.6
.336
0.60
-1.02
-72.7
.336
0.70
-1.41
-84.8
.336
0.80
-1.86
-96.8
.335
0.85
-2.11
-103
.334
0.90
-2.40
-109
.333
0.95
-2.69
-115
.332
1.00
-3.01
-121
.330
1.10
-3.71
-133
.325
1.20
-4.51
-144
.318
1.30
-5.39
-156
.308
-166
1.40
-6.37
.295
-177
1.50
-7.42
.280
-187
1.60
-8.54
.263
-195
1.70
-9.71
.246
-204
1.80
-10.9
.228
1.90
-12.2
-212
.211
2.00
-13.4
-219
.194
2.25
-16.5
-235
.158
2.50
-19.5
-248
.129
2.75
-22.4
-259
.107
-267
3.00
-25.1
.089
-275
3.25
-27.6
.076
-281
3.50
-30.0
.065
-291
4.00
-34.4
.049
-305
5.00
-41.9
.031
6.00
-315
.021
-48.1
7.00
-321
.016
-53.4
8.00
-326
.012
-58.0
9.00
-330
.009
-62.0
10.0
-333
.008
-65.7
Frequency Response
Amp (dB)
0
-40
-60
-80
-100
0.1
2
3 4 5 6 78
1.0 2 3 4 5 6 7 10.0
Normalized Frequency(f/fc)
Delay (Normalized)
Delay (sec)
1.0
0.5
0.0
0.1
0.15 2
3
4
5 6 7 89
1.0 1.5
Normalized Time (1/f sec)
Step Response (V/V)
Step Response
1.Normalized Group Delay:
The above delay data is normalized to a corner frequency
of 1.0Hz.The actual delay is the normalized delay divided
by the actual corner frequency (fc).
Actual Delay =
-20
1.2
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
-0.0
-0.2
0
1
2
3
4
Normalized Time (1/f sec)
Normalized Delay
Actual Corner Frequency (fc) in Hz
2
25 Locust St., Haverhill, Massachusetts 01830 ∑Tel :800/252-7074, 978/374-0761 ∑FAX:978/521-1839
e-mail: sales@freqdev.com ∑Web Address: http://www.freqdev.com ∑Fax on Demand: 978/521-5178
5
8-Pole
Bessel
Appendix A
Low-Pass
Theoretical Transfer Characteristics
1
f/fc
Amp
Phase
Delay
(Hz)
(dB)
(deg)
(sec)
0.00
0.00
0.00
.506
0.10
-0.029
-18.2
.506
0.20
-0.117
-36.4
.506
0.30
-0.264
-54.7
.506
0.40
-0.470
-72.9
.506
0.50
-0.737
-91.1
.506
0.60
-1.06
-109
.506
0.70
-1.45
-128
.506
0.80
-1.91
-146
.506
0.85
-2.16
-155
.506
0.90
-2.42
-164
.506
0.95
-2.71
-173
.506
1.00
-3.01
-182
.506
-3.67
1.10
-200
.506
-4.40
1.20
-219
.506
-5.20
1.30
-237
.506
1.40
-6.10
-255
.505
1.50
-7.08
-273
.504
1.60
-8.16
-291
.502
1.70
-9.36
-309
.498
1.80
-10.7
-327
.492
1.90
-12.1
-345
.482
2.00
-13.7
-362
.468
2.25
-18.1
-402
.417
2.50
-23.1
-436
.352
2.75
-28.3
-465
.291
3.00
-33.4
-489
.241
3.25
-38.3
-509
.201
3.50
-43.1
-526
.170
4.00
-51.8
-552
.126
5.00
-66.8
-587
.077
6.00
-79.2
-610
.052
7.00
-89.8
-626
.038
8.00
-99.0
-638
.029
9.00
-107
-647
.023
10.0
-114
-655
.018
Frequency Response
Amp (dB)
0
-40
-60
-80
-100
0.1
2
3 4 5 6 78
1.0 2 3 4 5 6 7 10.0
Normalized Frequency(f/fc)
Delay (Normalized)
Delay (sec)
1.0
0.5
0.0
0.1
0.15 2
3
4
5 6 7 89
1.0
1.5
Normalized Time (1/f sec)
Step Response (V/V)
Step Response
1.Normalized Group Delay:
The above delay data is normalized to a corner frequency
of 1.0Hz.The actual delay is the normalized delay divided
by the actual corner frequency (fc).
Actual Delay =
-20
1.2
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
-0.0
-0.2
0
1
2
3
4
Normalized Time (1/f sec)
Normalized Delay
Actual Corner Frequency (fc) in Hz
4
25 Locust St., Haverhill, Massachusetts 01830 ∑Tel:800/252-7074, 978/374-0761 ∑FAX:978/521-1839
e-mail: sales@freqdev.com ∑Web Address: http://www.freqdev.com ∑Fax on Demand: 978/521-5178
5
Low-Pass
4-Pole
Appendix A
Butterworth
Theoretical Transfer Characteristics
1
f/fc
Amp
Phase
Delay
(Hz)
(dB)
(deg)
(sec)
0.00
0.00
0.00
.416
0.10
0.00
-15.0
.418
0.20
0.00
-30.1
.423
0.30
-0.00
-45.5
.433
0.40
-0.003
-61.4
.449
0.50
-0.017
-78.0
.474
0.60
-0.072
-95.7
.511
0.70
-0.243
-115
.558
0.80
-0.674
-136
.604
0.85
-1.047
-147
.619
0.90
-1.555
-158
.622
0.95
-2.21
-169
.612
1.00
-3.01
-180
.588
1.10
-4.97
-200
.513
1.20
-7.24
-217
.427
1.30
-9.62
-231
.350
1.40
-12.0
-242
.289
1.50
-14.3
-252
.241
1.60
-16.4
-260
.204
1.70
-18.5
-266
.175
1.80
-20.5
-272
.152
1.90
-22.3
-277
.134
2.00
-24.1
-282
.119
2.25
-28.2
-291
.091
2.50
-31.8
-299
.072
2.75
-35.1
-304
.059
3.00
-38.2
-309
.049
3.25
-41.0
-313
.041
3.50
-43.5
-317
.035
4.00
-48.2
-322
.027
5.00
-55.9
-330
.017
6.00
-62.3
-335
.012
7.00
-67.6
-339
.009
8.00
-72.2
-341
.007
9.00
-76.3
-343
.005
-80.0
10.0
-345
.004
Frequency Response
Amp (dB)
0
-40
-60
-80
-100
0.1
2
3 4 5 6 78
1.0 2 3 4 5 6 7 10.0
Normalized Frequency(f/fc)
Delay (Normalized)
Delay (sec)
2.0
1.0
0.0
0.1
0.15 2
3
4
5 6 7 89
1.0 1.5
Normalized Frequency(f/fc)
Step Response (V/V)
Step Response
1.Normalized Group Delay:
The above delay data is normalized to a corner frequency
of 1.0Hz.The actual delay is the normalized delay divided
by the actual corner frequency (fc).
Actual Delay =
-20
1.2
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
-0.0
0
1
2
3
4
Normalized Time (1/f sec)
Normalized Delay
Actual Corner Frequency (fc) in Hz
7
25 Locust St., Haverhill, Massachusetts 01830 ∑Tel :800/252-7074, 978/374-0761 ∑FAX:978/521-1839
e-mail: sales@freqdev.com ∑Web Address: http://www.freqdev.com ∑Fax on Demand: 978/521-5178
5
Low-Pass
8-Pole
Appendix A
Butterworth
Theoretical Transfer Characteristics
1
f/fc
Amp
Phase
Delay
(Hz)
(dB)
(deg)
(sec)
0.00
0.00
0.00
.816
0.10
0.00
-29.4
.819
0.20
0.00
-59.0
.828
0.30
0.00
-89.1
.843
0.40
0.00
-120
.867
0.50
0.00
-152
.903
0.60
-0.001
-185
.956
0.70
-0.014
-221
1.04
0.80
-0.121
-261
1.19
0.85
-0.311
-283
1.29
0.90
-0.738
-307
1.40
0.95
-1.58
-333
1.48
1.00
-3.01
-360
1.46
1.10
-7.48
-408
1.17
1.20
-12.9
-445
.873
1.30
-18.2
-472
.672
1.40
-494
.540
-23.4
1.50
-511
.448
-28.2
1.60
-526
.380
-32.7
1.70
-539
.328
-36.9
1.80
-550
.287
-40.8
1.90
-44.6
-560
.253
2.00
-48.2
-568
.226
2.25
-56.3
-586
.174
2.50
-63.7
-600
.139
2.75
-70.3
-611
.113
3.00
-76.3
-621
.094
3.25
-81.9
-629
.080
3.50
-87.1
-635
.069
4.00
-96.3
-646
.052
5.00
-112
-661
.033
6.00
-125
-671
.023
7.00
-135
-678
.017
8.00
-144
-683
.013
9.00
-153
-687
.010
10.0
-160
-691
.008
Frequency Response
Amp (dB)
0
-40
-60
-80
-100
0.1
2
3 4 5 6 78 1.0
2
3 4 5 67
10.0
Normalized Frequency(f/fc)
Delay (Normalized)
Delay (sec)
2.0
1.0
0.0
0.1
0.15 2
3
4
5 6 7 8 9 1.0 1.5
Normalized Time (1/f sec)
Step Response (V/V)
Step Response
1.Normalized Group Delay:
The above delay data is normalized to a corner frequency
of 1.0Hz.The actual delay is the normalized delay divided
by the actual corner frequency (fc).
Actual Delay =
-20
1.2
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
-0.0
0
1
2
3
4
Normalized Time (1/f sec)
Normalized Delay
Actual Corner Frequency (fc) in Hz
9
25 Locust St., Haverhill, Massachusetts 01830 ∑Tel :800/252-7074, 978/374-0761 ∑FAX:978/521-1839
e-mail: sales@freqdev.com ∑Web Address: http://www.freqdev.com ∑Fax on Demand: 978/521-5178
5
8-Pole, 6-Zero
Constant Delay
Appendix A
Low-Pass (80 dB)
Theoretical Transfer Characteristics
1
f/fc
Amp
Phase
Delay
(Hz)
(dB)
(deg)
(sec)
0.00
0.00
.852
0.00
0.017
-30.7
.852
0.10
0.058
-61.3
.852
0.20
0.099
-92.0
.852
0.30
0.105
-123
.852
0.40
0.034
-153
.852
0.50
-0.157
-184
.852
0.60
-0.510
-215
.852
0.70
-1.07
-245
.851
0.80
-1.44
-261
.850
0.85
-1.89
-276
.849
0.90
-2.41
-291
.846
0.95
-3.01
-306
.841
1.00
-4.50
-336
.821
1.10
-6.39
-365
.783
1.20
-11.3
-417
.656
1.40
-17.1
-459
.512
1.60
-23.2
-492
.396
1.80
-29.1
-517
.312
2.00
-36.3
-542
.239
2.25
2.50
-43.4
-561
.189
2.75
-50.3
-576
.153
3.00
-57.6
-589
.127
3.25
-62.5
-599
.107
3.50
-75.4
-608
.092
3.75
-98.3
-616
.079
4.00
-86.3
-442
.069
4.25
-84.1
-448
.061
4.50
-85.1
-454
.054
4.75
-87.9
-458
.049
5.00
-92.8
-462
.044
5.25
-104
-466
.040
5.50
-101
-289
.036
5.75
-93.3
-293
.033
6.00
-89.9
-295
.030
-86.6
-300
.026
6.50
-85.1
-305
.022
7.00
-84.1
-312
.017
8.00
-84.3
-317
.013
9.00
-84.9
-321
.011
10.0
Frequency Response
Amp (dB)
0
-40
-60
-80
-100
0.1
2
3 4 5 6 78
1.0 2 3 4 5 6 7 10.0
Normalized Frequency(f/fc)
Delay (Normalized)
Delay (sec)
1.0
0.5
0.0
0.1
0.15 2
3
4
5 6 7 89
1.0 1.5
Normalized Time (1/f sec)
Step Response (V/V)
Step Response
1.Normalized Group Delay:
The above delay data is normalized to a corner frequency
of 1.0Hz.The actual delay is the normalized delay divided
by the actual corner frequency (fc).
Actual Delay =
-20
Normalized Delay
1.2
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
-0.0
-0.2
0
1
2
3
4
Normalized Time (1/f sec)
Actual Corner Frequency (fc) in Hz
21
25 Locust St., Haverhill, Massachusetts 01830 ∑Tel :800/252-7074, 978/374-0761 ∑FAX:978/521-1839
e-mail: sales@freqdev.com ∑Web Address: http://www.freqdev.com ∑Fax on Demand: 978/521-5178
5
8-Pole, 6-Zero
Elliptic, 1.77
Appendix A
Low-Pass
Theoretical Transfer Characteristics
1
f/fc
Amp
Phase
Delay
(Hz)
(dB)
(deg)
(sec)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.713
0.10
-0.004
-25.7
0.716
0.20
-0.014
-51.6
0.724
0.30
-0.024
-77.9
0.740
0.40
-0.020
-105
0.767
0.50
0.007
-133
0.811
0.55
0.022
-148
0.840
0.60
0.033
-163
0.872
0.65
0.031
-179
0.908
0.70
0.014
-196
0.946
0.75
-0.015
-213
0.989
0.80
-0.041
-232
1.04
0.85
-0.046
-251
1.12
0.90
-0.016
-272
1.23
0.95
-0.025
-296
1.40
1.00
-0.035
-323
1.65
1.10
-1.76
-392
2.14
1.20
-8.28
-467
1.86
1.30
-18.4
-522
1.19
1.40
-29.3
-558
0.753
1.50
-40.1
-578
0.517
1.60
-51.5
-594
0.381
1.70
-65.2
-606
0.296
1.75
-75.0
-611
0.265
1.80
-113.0
-616
0.239
1.85
-83.6
-440
0.217
1.90
-82.0
-444
0.198
1.95
-83.7
-447
0.182
2.00
-87.8
-450
0.168
2.20
-85.8
-280
0.126
2.40
-82.0
-289
0.099
2.60
-83.5
-295
0.081
2.80
-88.2
-301
0.067
3.00
-99.9
-305
0.057
3.50
-87.2
-134
0.040
4.00
-83.1
-140
0.030
5.00
-82.1
-148
0.018
6.00
-83.1
-154
0.013
7.00
-84.6
-157
0.009
8.00
-86.2
-160
0.007
9.00
-87.8
-163
0.005
10.0
-89.3
-164
0.004
Frequency Response
Amp (dB)
0
-40
-60
-80
-100
0.1
2
3 4 5 6 78
1.0 2 3 4 5 6 7 10.0
Normalized Frequency(f/fc)
Delay (Normalized)
Delay (sec)
4.0
2.0
0.8
0.0
0.1
0.15 2
3
4
5 6 7 89
1.0 1.5
Normalized Time (1/f sec)
Step Response (V/V)
Step Response
1.Normalized Group Delay:
The above delay data is normalized to a corner frequency
of 1.0Hz.The actual delay is the normalized delay divided
by the actual corner frequency (fc).
Actual Delay =
-20
1.2
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
-0.0
0
1
2
3
4
Normalized Time (1/f sec)
Normalized Delay
Actual Corner Frequency (fc) in Hz
24
25 Locust St., Haverhill, Massachusetts 01830 ∑Tel :800/252-7074, 978/374-0761 ∑FAX:978/521-1839
e-mail: sales@freqdev.com ∑Web Address: http://www.freqdev.com ∑Fax on Demand: 978/521-5178
5
High-Pass
4-Pole
Appendix A
Butterworth
Theoretical Transfer Characteristics
1
f/fc
Amp
Phase
Delay
(Hz)
(dB)
(deg)
(sec)
0.10
-80.0
345
.418
-55.9
0.20
330
.423
-41.8
0.30
314
.433
-31.8
0.40
299
.449
-24.1
0.50
282
.474
0.60
-17.8
264
.511
0.70
-12.6
245
.558
0.80
-8.43
224
.604
0.85
-6.69
213
.619
202
0.90
-5.22
.622
0.95
-3.99
191
.612
1.00
-3.01
180
.588
1.20
-0.908
143
.427
.289
1.40
-0.285
118
.204
1.60
-0.100
100
1.80
-0.039
87.6
.152
2.00
-0.017
78.0
.119
61.4
2.50
-0.003
.072
-0.001
50.7
3.00
.049
0.00
37.8
4.00
.027
5.00
0.00
30.1
.017
6.00
0.00
25.1
.012
7.00
0.00
21.4
.009
0.00
8.00
18.8
.007
0.00
9.00
16.7
.005
10.0
0.00
15.0
.004
Frequency Response
Amp (dB)
0
-20
-40
-60
-80
-100
0.1
2
3 4 5 6 78
1.0 2 3 4 5 6 7 10.0
Normalized Frequency(f/fc)
1.Normalized Group Delay:
The above delay data is normalized to a corner frequency
of 1.0Hz.The actual delay is the normalized delay divided
by the actual corner frequency (fc).
Actual Delay =
Normalized Delay
Actual Corner Frequency (fc) in Hz
27
25 Locust St., Haverhill, Massachusetts 01830 ∑Tel :800/252-7074, 978/374-0761 ∑FAX:978/521-1839
e-mail: sales@freqdev.com ∑Web Address: http://www.freqdev.com ∑Fax on Demand: 978/521-5178
High-Pass
8-Pole
Appendix A
Butterworth
Theoretical Transfer Characteristics
1
f/fc
Amp
Phase
Delay
(Hz)
(dB)
(deg)
(sec)
0.10
-160
691
0.819
0.20
-112
661
0.828
0.30
-83.7
631
0.843
0.40
-63.7
600
0.867
0.50
-48.2
568
0.903
0.60
-35.5
535
.956
499
0.70
-24.8
1.04
459
0.80
-15.6
1.19
437
0.85
-11.6
1.29
413
0.90
-8.06
1.40
0.95
-5.15
386
1.48
360
1.00
-3.01
1.46
275
1.20
-0.229
0.873
226
1.40
-0.020
0.540
-0.002
194
1.60
0.380
170
1.80
0.00
0.287
152
0.00
2.00
0.226
120
0.139
0.00
2.50
0.094
0.00
99.2
3.00
0.052
0.00
74.0
4.00
5.00
0.00
59.0
0.033
49.0
0.023
6.00
0.00
0.00
42.1
0.017
7.00
0.00
36.8
0.013
8.00
0.00
32.7
0.010
9.00
10.0
0.00
29.4
0.008
Frequency Response
Amp (dB)
0
-20
-40
-60
-80
-100
0.1
2
3 4 5 6 78
1.0 2 3 4 5 6 7 10.0
Normalized Frequency(f/fc)
1.Normalized Group Delay:
The above delay data is normalized to a corner frequency
of 1.0Hz.The actual delay is the normalized delay divided
by the actual corner frequency (fc).
Actual Delay =
Normalized Delay
Actual Corner Frequency (fc) in Hz
29
25 Locust St., Haverhill, Massachusetts 01830 ∑Tel :800/252-7074, 978/374-0761 ∑FAX:978/521-1839
e-mail: sales@freqdev.com ∑Web Address: http://www.freqdev.com ∑Fax on Demand: 978/521-5178
8-Pole, 6-Zero
Elliptic, 1.77
Appendix A
High-Pass
Theoretical Transfer Characteristics
1
f/fc
Amp
Phase
Delay
(Hz)
(dB)
(deg)
(sec)
0.10
-89.3
164
0.440
0.20
-82.1
148
0.459
0.30
-90.6
131
0.495
292
0.40
-82.4
0.559
-87.8
450
0.50
0.671
0.55
-90.0
0.761
437
-60.2
0.60
0.890
603
-32.4
0.70
1.37
563
-13.1
0.80
2.35
498
-6.28
0.85
2.77
451
0.90
-2.21
401
2.66
358
0.95
-0.51
2.15
324
1.00
-0.03
1.64
277
1.10
-0.01
1.04
225
1.20
-0.05
0.757
1.30
-0.03
221
0.596
1.40
0.01
201
0.486
1.50
0.03
185
0.409
1.60
0.03
172
0.347
1.70
0.03
160
0.299
1.80
0.02
150
0.260
1.90
0.01
141
0.229
2.00
0.01
133
0.203
2.50
-0.02
105
0.123
3.00
-0.02
86.9
0.083
4.00
-0.02
64.7
0.046
5.00
-0.01
51.6
0.029
6.00
-0.01
42.9
0.020
-0.01
0.015
7.00
36.8
-0.01
0.011
8.00
32.1
9.00
-0.01
28.6
0.009
10.0
0.00
25.7
0.007
Frequency Response
Amp (dB)
0
-20
-40
-60
-80
-100
0.1
2
3 4 5 6 78 1.0
2
3 4 5 67
10.0
Normalized Frequency(f/fc)
1.Normalized Group Delay:
The above delay data is normalized to a corner frequency
of 1.0Hz.The actual delay is the normalized delay divided
by the actual corner frequency (fc).
Actual Delay =
Normalized Delay
Actual Corner Frequency (fc) in Hz
37
25 Locust St., Haverhill, Massachusetts 01830 ∑Tel :800/252-7074, 978/374-0761 ∑FAX:978/521-1839
e-mail: sales@freqdev.com ∑Web Address: http://www.freqdev.com ∑Fax on Demand: 978/521-5178