DM9161A - Davicom Semiconductor Inc.

DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
DAVICOM Semiconductor, Inc.
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet
Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
DATA SHEET
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
1
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
Table of Contents
1. General Description...................................................................3
2. Features ....................................................................................3
3. Block Diagram ...........................................................................4
4. Pin Configuration: ......................................................................5
5. Pin Description ..........................................................................6
5.1 Normal MII Interface, 21 pins ..................................................6
5.2 Media Interface, 4 pins ............................................................8
5.3 LED Interface, 3 pins ...............................................................8
5.4 Mode, 2 pins ............................................................................8
5.5 Bias and Clock, 4 pins .............................................................9
5.6 Power, 13 pins.........................................................................9
5.7 Table A (Media Type Selection) ..............................................9
5.8 Pin Maps of Normal MII, Reduced MII, and 10Base-T GPSI
(7-Wired) Mode .................................................................. 10
6. LED Configuration ...................................................................11
6.1 LED Functional Description…………….………….....………..12
7. Functional Description .............................................................13
7.1 MII interface...........................................................................13
7.2 100Base-TX Operation..........................................................15
7.2.1 100Base-TX Transmit.........................................................15
7.2.1.1 4B5B Encoder .................................................................16
7.2.1.2 Scrambler ...................................................................... .16
7.2.1.3 Parallel to Serial Converter..............................................16
7.2.1.4 NRZ to NRZI Encoder .....................................................16
7.2.1.5 MLT-3 Converter .............................................................16
7.2.1.6 MLT-3 Driver....................................................................16
7.2.1.7 4B5B Code Group ...........................................................17
7.2.2 100Base-TX Receiver ........................................................18
7.2.2.1 Signal Detect ...................................................................18
7.2.2.2 Adaptive Equalizer...........................................................18
7.2.2.3 MLT-3 to NRZI Decoder ..................................................18
7.2.2.4 Clock Recovery Module...................................................18
7.2.2.5 NRZI to NRZ....................................................................18
7.2.2.6 Serial to Parallel ..............................................................18
7.2.2.7 Descrambler ....................................................................18
7.2.2.8 Code Group Alignment ....................................................18
7.2.2.9 4B5B Decoder .................................................................18
7.2.3 10Base-T Operation ...........................................................18
7.2.4 Collision Detection..............................................................19
7.2.5 Carrier Sense .....................................................................19
7.2.6 Auto-Negotiation.................................................................19
7.2.7 MII Serial Management ......................................................20
7.2.8 Serial Management Interface .............................................20
7.2.9 Management Interface – Read Frame
Structure ..............................................................................20
7.2.10 Management Interface – Write Frame Structure ..............20
7.2.11 Power Reduced Mode ......................................................21
7.2.12 Power Down Mode ...........................................................21
7.2.13 Reduced Transmit Power Mode .......................................21
7.2.14 Feedback Vout and Vin for 5V……………………...…..….21
7.3 HP Auto-MDIX Functional Description.........................................22
8.1 Basic Mode Control Register (BMCR) - 00............................24
8.2 Basic Mode Status Register (BMSR) - 01 .............................25
8.3 PHY ID Identifier Register #1 (PHYIDR1) - 02 ......................26
8.4 PHY ID Identifier Register #2 (PHYIDR2) - 03 ......................26
8.5 Auto-negotiation Advertisement Register (ANAR)
- 04 ......................................................................................27
8.6 Auto-negotiation Link Partner Ability Register (ANLPAR) - 0528
8.7 Auto-negotiation Expansion Register (ANER)
- 06 ......................................................................................29
8.8 DAVICOM Specified Configuration Register (DSCR) –16.....29
8.9 DAVICOM Specified Configuration and Status Register
(DSCSR) - 17 ......................................................................31
8.10 10Base-T Configuration / Status (10BTCSR) - 18...............32
8.11 DAVICOM Specified Interrupt Register - 21 ........................32
8.12 DAVICOM Specified Receive Error Counter Register (RECR) 22.........................................................................................33
8.13 DAVICOM Specified Disconnect Counter Register (DISCR) 23.........................................................................................33
8.14 DAVICOM Hardware Reset Latch State
Register (RLSR) - 24 ............................................................34
9. DC and AC Electrical Characteristics
9.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings( 25°C ) ........................................35
9.2 Operating Conditions .............................................................35
9.3 DC Electrical Characteristics .................................................36
9.4 AC Electrical Characteristics & Timing
Waveform .............................................................................. 36
9.4.1 TP Interface ........................................................................36
9.4.2 Oscillator/Crystal Timing.....................................................36
9.4.3 MDC/MDIO Timing .............................................................37
9.4.4 MDIO Timing when OUTPUT by STA ................................37
9.4.5 MDIO Timing when OUTPUT by DM9161A .......................37
9.4.6 100Base-TX Transmit Timing Parameters .........................38
9.4.7 100Base-TX Transmit Timing Diagram ..............................38
9.4.8 100Base-TX Receive Timing Parameters ..........................38
9.4.9 MII 100Base-TX Receive Timing Diagram .........................39
9.4.10 MII 10Base-T Nibble Transmit Timing Parameters ..........39
9.4.11 MII 10Base-T Nibble Transmit Timing
Diagram..........................................................................39
9.4.12 MII 10Base-T Receive Nibble Timing Parameters .......... 40
9.4.13 MII 10Base-T Receive Nibble Timing
Diagram..........................................................................40
9.4.14 Auto-negotiation and Fast Link Pulse Timing Parameters40
9.4.15 Auto-negotiation and Fast Link Pulse Timing Diagram ....41
9.4.16 RMII Receive Timing Diagram..........................................41
9.4.17 RMII Transmit Timing Diagram.........................................41
9.4.18 RMII Timing Diagram........................................................42
9.4.19 RMII Timing Parameter ....................................................42
9.4.20 Magnetics Selection Guide…………………………………43
10. Package Information..............................................................44
11.Order Information....................................................................45
8. MII Register Description ..........................................................23
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
2
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
1. General Description
The DM9161A is a physical layer, single-chip, and low power transceiver for 100BASE-TX and 10BASE-T
operations. On the media side, it provides a direct interface either to Unshielded Twisted Pair Category 5 Cable
(UTP5) for 100BASE-TX Fast Ethernet, or UTP5/UTP3 Cable for 10BASE-T Ethernet. Through the Media
Independent Interface (MII), the DM9161A connects to the Medium Access Control (MAC) layer, ensuring a high
inter operability from different vendors.
TheDM9161A uses a low power and high performance advanced CMOS process. It contains the entire physical
layer functions of 100BASE-TX as defined by IEEE802.3u, including the Physical Coding Sublayer (PCS),
Physical Medium Attachment (PMA), Twisted Pair Physical Medium Dependent Sublayer (TP-PMD), 10BASE-TX
Encoder/Decoder (ENC/DEC), and Twisted Pair Media Access Unit (TPMAU). The DM9161A provides a strong
support for the auto-negotiation function, utilizing automatic media speed and protocol selection. Furthermore, due
to the built-in wave shaping filter, the DM9161A needs no external filter to transport signals to the media in
100BASE-TX or 10BASE-T Ethernet operation.
2. Features
„
„
„
„
„
„
„
„
3
Fully comply with IEEE 802.3 / IEEE 802.3u 10Base-T/
100Base-TX, ANSI X3T12 TP-PMD 1995 standard
Support MDI/MDI-X auto crossover function
(Auto-MDI)
Support Auto-Negotiation function, compliant with IEEE
802.3u
Fully integrated Physical layer transceiver On-chip
filtering with direct interface to magnetic transformer
Selectable repeater or node mode
Selectable MII or RMII (Reduced MII) mode for
100Base-TX and 10Base-TX. Selectable MII or GPSI
(7-Wired) mode for 10Base-T
Selectable full-duplex or half-duplex operation
MII management interface with maskable interrupt
output capability
„
„
„
„
„
„
Provide Loopback mode for easy system
diagnostics
LED status outputs indicate Link/ Activity, Speed10/100
and Full-duplex/Collision. Support Dual-LED optional
control
Single low power Supply of 3.3V with an advanced
CMOS technology
Very Low Power consumption modes:
● Power Reduced mode (cable detection)
● Power Down mode
● Selectable TX drivers for 1:1 or 1.25:1 transformers
for additional power reduction. 1: 1 transformers only
when HP Auto-MDIX Enable .
Compatible with 3.3V and 5.0V tolerant I/Os
48-pin LQFP
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
3. Block Diagram
4B/5B
Encoder
Scrambler
25M OSCI
LED1-4#
TX CGM
LED
Driver
NRZ
to
NRZI
Parallel
to Serial
NRZI to
MLT-3
MLT-3
Driver
Rise/Fall
Time
CTL
100TXD+/-
AutoMDIX
25M CLK
125M CLK
MII
Signals
MII
Interface/
Control
4B/5B
Decoder
Codegroup
Alignment
Descrambler
Serial to
Parallel
NRZI
to
NRZ
MLT-3 to
NRZI
Adaptive
EQ
RXI+/-
RX
RXI+/-
TX
10TXD+/-
RX
CRM
Digital
Logic
10BASE-T
Module
Register
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
Collision
Detection
Carrier
Sense
AutoNegotiation
4
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
COL/RMII
CRS/PHYAD[4]
RXCLK/10BTSER
DGND
MDINTR#
LEDMODE
DVDD
RXD[0]/PHYAD[0]
RXD[1]/PHYAD[1]
RXD[2]/PHYAD[2]
RXD[3]/PHYAD[3]
MDIO
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
4. Pin Configuration:
RXDV/TESTMODE
37
24
MDC
RXER/RXD[4]/RPTR
38
23
DVDD
DISMDIX
39
22
TXCLK/ISOLATE
RESET#
40
21
TXEN
DVDD
41
20
TXD[0]
XT2
42
19
TXD[1]
XT1
43
18
TXD[2]
DGND
44
17
TXD[3]
NC
45
16
TXER/TXD[4]
AGND
46
15
DGND
BGRESG
47
14
CABLESTS/LINKSTS
BGRES
48
13
LED2/OP2
5
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
RX+
RX-
AGND
AGND
TX+
TX-
AVDDT
PWRDWN
LED0/OP0
12
2
AVDDR
LED1/OP1
1
AVDDR
DM9161A
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
5. Pin Description
I: Input, O: Output, LI: Latch input when power-up/reset, Z: Tri-State output, U: Pulled high D: Pulled low
5.1 Normal MII Interface, 21 pins
Pin No.
Pin Name
I/O
Description
16
TXER/TXD [4]
I Transmit Error/The Fifth TXD Data Bit
In 100Mbps mode, when the signal indicates active high and TXEN is
active, the HALT symbol substitutes the actual data nibble.
In 10Mbps, the input is ignored
In bypass mode (bypass BP4B5B), TXER becomes the TXD [4] pin, the
fifth TXD data bit of the 5B symbol
20,19,18,17
TXD [0:3]
I Transmit Data
4-bit nibble data inputs (synchronous to the TXCLK) when in 10/100Mbps
nibble mode.
In 10Mbps GPSI (7-Wired) mode, the TXD [0] pin is used as the serial
data input pin, and TXD [1:3] are ignored.
21
TXEN
I
22
TXCLK/
ISOLATE
O,
Z,
LI
(D)
24
MDC
I
25
MDIO
I/O
29,28,27,26
RXD[0:3]
/PHYAD[0:3]
O,
Z,
LI
(D)
32
MDINTR
IO,
LI
(D)
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
Transmit Enable
Active high indicates the presence of valid nibble data on the TXD [0:3] for
both 100Mbps and 10Mbps nibble modes.
In 10Mbps GPSI (7-Wired) mode, active high indicates the presence of
valid 10Mbps data on TXD [0].
Transmit Clock
The transmitting clock provides the timing reference for the transfer of the
TXEN, TXD, and TXER. TXCLK is provided by the PHY
25MHz in 100Mbps nibble mode, 2.5MHz in 10Mbps nibble mode, 10MHz
in 10Mbps GPSI (7-Wired) mode
ISOLATE Setting: (When power up reset, latch input)
0: Reg 0.10 will be initialized to “0”. (Ref.to 8.1 Basic Control Register)
1: Reg 0.10 will be initialized to “1”.
Management Data Clock
Synchronous clock for the MDIO management data. This clock is
provided by management entity, and it is up to 12.5MHz
Management Data I/O
Bi-directional management data which may be provided by the station
management entity or the PHY
Receive Data Output
4-bit nibble data outputs (synchronous to RXCLK) when in 10/100Mbps
MII mode
In 10Mbps GPSI (7-Wired) mode, the RXD [0] pin is used as the serial
data output pin, and the RXD [1:3] are ignored
PHY address [0:3] (power up reset latch input)
PHY address sensing input pins
Status Interrupt Output:
Whenever there is a status change (link, speed, duplex depend on
interrupt register [21] )
The interrupt output assert low when pull up.
Asserted high when pull down.
6
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
7
34
RXCLK
/10BTSER
O,
Z,
LI
(U)
35
CRS
/PHYAD[4]
O,
Z,
LI
(D)
36
COL
/RMII
O,
Z,
LI
(D)
37
RXDV
/TESTMODE
O,
Z,
LI
(D)
38
RXER/RXD[4]
/RPTR
O,
Z,
LI
(D)
31
LEDMODE
I
40
RESET#
I
Receive Clock
The received clock provides the timing reference for the transfer of the
RXDV, RXD, and RXER. RXCLK is provided by PHY. The PHY may
recover the RXCLK reference from the received data or it may derive the
RXCLK reference from a nominal clock
25MHz in 100Mbps MII mode, 2.5MHz in 10Mbps MII mode, 10MHz in
10Mbps GPSI (7-Wired) mode
10BTSER only support for 10M mode; (power up reset latch input)
0 = GPSI (7-Wired) mode in 10M mode
1 = MII mode in 10M mode
Carrier Sense Detect/ PHYAD[4]
Asserted high to indicate the presence of carrier due to receive or transmit
activities in half-duplex mode of 10BASE-T or 100BASE-TX. In repeater
mode or full-duplex mode, this signal is asserted high to indicate the
presence of carrier due to receive activity only
This pin is also used as PHYAD [4] (power up reset latch input)
PHY address sensing input pin
Collision Detection
Asserted high to indicate the detection of the collision conditions in
half-duplex mode of 10Mbps and 100Mbps. In full-duplex mode, this signal
is always logical 0
Reduced MII enable:
This pin is also used to select Normal MII or Reduced MII. (power up reset
latch input)
0= Normal MII (default)
1= Reduced MII
This pin is always pulled low except used as reduced MII
Receive Data Valid
Asserted high to indicate that the valid data is presented on the RXD [0:3]
Test mode control pin (power up reset latch input)
0 = normal operation (default)
1 = enable test mode
Receive Data Error/The Fifth RXD Data Bit of the 5B Symbol
Asserted high to indicate that an invalid symbol has been detected
In decoder bypass mode (bypass BP4B5B), RXER becomes RXD [4], the
fifth RXD data bit of the 5B symbol
This pin is also used to select Repeater or Node mode. (power up reset
latch input)
0 = Node Mode (default)
1 = Repeater Mode
LED MODE Select
Reference LED function description
0: support Dual-LED
1: Normal LED
Reset
Active low input that initializes the DM9161A.
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
5.2 Media Interface, 4 pins
Pin No.
3,4
7,8
Pin Name
RX+
RXTX+
TX-
I/O
Description
I Differential Receive Pair
Differential data is received from the media
O Differential Transmit Pair/PECL Transmit Pair
Differential data is transmitted to the media in TP mode
5.3 LED Interface, 3 pins
Pin No.
11
Pin Name
LED0
/OP0
12
LED1
/OP1
13
LED2
/OP2
I/O
Description
O, LED Driver output 0
LI OP0: (power up reset latch input)
(U) This pin is used to control the forced or advertised operating mode of the
DM9161A according to the Table A. The value is latched into the
DM9161A registers at power-up/reset
O,
LI LED Driver output 1
(U) OP1: (power up reset latch input)
This pin is used to control the forced or advertised operating mode of the
DM9161A according to the Table A. The value is latched into the
DM9161A registers at power-up/reset
O, LED Driver output 2
LI OP2: (power up reset latch input)
(U) This pin is used to control the forced or advertised operating mode of the
DM9161A according to the Table A. The value is latched into the
DM9161A registers at power-up/reset
5.4 Mode, 3 pins
Pin No.
10
Pin Name
PWRDWN
14
CABLESTS
/LINKSTS
39
DISMDIX
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
I/O
Description
I Power Down Control
Asserted high to force the DM9161A into power down mode. When in
power down mode, most of the DM9161A circuit block’s power is turned
off, only the MII management interface (MDC, MDIO) logic is available
(the PHY should respond to management transactions and should not
generate spurious signals on the MII)). To leave power down mode, the
DM9161A needs the hardware or software reset with the PWRDWN pin
low
O, Cable Status or Link Status
LI This pin is used to indicate the status of the cable connection when
(D) power up reset latch low (Default)
0 = Without cable connection
1 = With cable connection
This pin is used to indicate the status of the Link connection when power
up reset latch high
0 = With link
1 = Without link
I HP Auto-MDIX Control
(D) 1: Disable auto mode
0: Enable HP Auto-MDIX mode
8
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
5.5 Bias and Clock, 4 pins
Pin No.
47
48
42
43
Pin Name
BGRESG
BGRES
XT2
XT1
I/O
P
O
I/O
I
Description
Bandgap Ground
Bandgap Voltage Reference Resistor 6.8K ohm +/- 1%
Crystal Output; REF_CLK input for RMII mode
Crystal Input
I/O
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
Description
Analog Receive Power output
Analog Transmit Power output
Analog Receive Ground
Analog Transmit Ground
Analog Substrate Ground
Digital Power
Digital Ground
5.6 Power, 12 pins
Pin No.
1,2
9
5
6
46
23,30,41
15,33,44
Pin Name
AVDDR
AVDDT
AGND
AGND
AGND
DVDD
DGND
5.7 Table A (Media Type Selection)
9
OP2
OP1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
OP0
Function
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
Dual Speed 100/10 HDX
Reserved
Reserved
Manually Select 10TX HDX
Manually Select 10TX FDX
Manually Select 100TX HDX
Manually Select 100TX FDX
Auto-negotiation Enables All Capabilities
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
5.8 Pin Maps of Normal MII, Reduced MII, and 10Base-T GPSI (7-Wired) Mode
Normal MII Mode
Reduced MII Mode
10Base-T GPSI (7-Wired) Mode
TXD [0:1]
TXD [0:1]
TXD [0] ; TXD [1] = NC
TXD [2:3]
NC
NC
TXEN
TXEN
TXEN
TXER/TXD [4]
NC
NC
TXCLK
NC
TXCLK
RXD [0:1]
RXD [0:1]
RXD [0] ; RXD [1] = NC
RXD[2:3]
NC
NC
RXER/RXD[4]/RPTR/NODE
RPTR/NODE
RPTR/NODE
RXDV
CRS DV
NC
RXCLK
NC
RXCLK
COL
NC
COL
CRS
(PHYADR [2:4])
(BP4B5B)
NC
CRS
MDC
MDC
MDC
MDIO
MDIO
MDIO
RESET#
RESET#
RESET#
XT1 (25 MHz)
XT2 (REF_CLK 50MHz)
XT1 (25 MHz)
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
10
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
6.LED Configuration
LEDs flash once per 500ms after power-on reset or
software reset by writing PHY register. All LED pins
are dual function pins, which can be configured as
either active high or low by pulling them low or high
accordingly. If the pin is pulled high, the LED is active
low after reset. Likewise, if the pin is pulled low, the
LED is active high.
DM9161A
DVDD
510Ohm
Pull High for
Reset
Pull Low for
510 Ohm
Reset
10K Ohm
11
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
6.1 LED Function Description
Normal LED mode
Name
LED0
LED1
Pin
11
12
CABLESTS / LINKSTS
Name
Pin
LED2
13
CABLESTS
14
/ LINKSTS
* Pin 31 = LEDMODE
Lo
FDX
SPEED: 100M
LED_MODE = 1
Hi
HDX
SPEED: 10M
Lo
FDX
SPEED: 100M
Pull Down
Hi
HDX
SPEED: 10M
Pull Up
Lo
Hi
Link
Link Fail
Flashing (HiLo) Active
Without Cable
With Cable connection
connection
Lo
Hi
N/A
Flashing (HiLo) Active
With Link
Without Link
For Dual-LED.
Name
Pin
LED0
11
LED1
12
CABLESTS / LINKSTS
Name
Pin
LED2
13
Link Fail
Lo
Lo
Lo
FDX
CABLESTS
Without Cable
14
/ LINKSTS
connection
* Pin 31 = LEDMODE
6.1.1 Dual-LED application circuit.
LED_MODE = 0
LINK Mode
SPEED: 100M
Link OK
Active
Lo
Flashing (LoHi)
Hi
Pull Down
Hi
HDX
With Cable connection
SPEED: 10M
Link OK
Active
HI
Flashing (HiLo)
Lo
Pull Up
Lo
Hi
HDX
FDX
Flashing (LoHi)
Collision
With Link
Without Link
PAD
PAD
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
12
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
7. Functional Description
The DM9161A Fast Ethernet single chip transceiver,
providing the functionality as specified in IEEE 802.3u,
integrates a complete 100Base-TX module and a complete
10Base-T module. The DM9161A provides a Media
Independent Interface (MII) as defined in the IEEE 802.3u
standard (Clause 22).
The DM9161A performs all PCS (Physical Coding Sublayer),
PMA (Physical Media Access), TP-PMD (Twisted Pair
Physical Medium Dependent) sublayer, 10Base-T
Encoder/Decoder, and Twisted Pair Media Access Unit
(TPMAU) functions. Figure 7-1 shows the major functional
blocks implemented in the DM9161A.
100Base-TX
100Base-TX
Transmitter
Transmitter
100Base-TX
100Base-TX
Receiver
Receiver
10Base-T
10Base-T
Tranceiver
Tranceiver
MII Interface
MII Interface
Carrier
Carrier
Sense
Sense
Collision
Collision
Detection
Detection
MII Serial
MII Serial
Management
Management
Interface
Interface
Auto
Auto
Negotiation
Negotiation
Auto MDIX
Auto MDIX
Figure 7-1
7.1 MII Interface
The DM 9161A provides a Media Independent Interface (MII)
as defined in the IEEE 802.3u standard (Clause 22).
The purpose of the MII interface is to provide a simple, easy
to implement connection between the MAC Reconciliation
layer and the PHY. The MII is designed to make the
differences between various media transparent to the MAC
sublayer.
The MII consists of a nibble wide receive data bus, a nibble
wide transmit data bus, and control signals to facilitate data
transfers between the PHY and the Reconciliation layer.
•
13
TXD (transmit data) is a nibble (4 bits) of data that are
driven by the reconciliation sublayer synchronously with
respect to TXCLK. For each TXCLK period, which
TXEN is asserted, TXD (3:0) are accepted for
transmission by the PHY.
•
TXCLK (transmit clock) output to the MAC reconciliation
sublayer is a continuous clock that provides the timing
reference for the transfer of the TXEN, TXD, and TXER
signals.
•
TXEN (transmit enable) input from the MAC
reconciliation sublayer indicates that nibbles are being
presented on the MII for transmission on the physical
medium.
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
MII Interface (continued)
•
TXER (transmit coding error) transitions are
synchronously with respect to TXCLK. If TXER is
asserted for one or more clock periods, and TXEN is
asserted, the PHY will emit one or more symbols that
are not part of the valid data delimiter set somewhere in
the frame being transmitted.
•
RXD (receive data) is a nibble (4 bits) of data that are
sampled by the reconciliation sublayer synchronously
with respect to RXCLK. For each RXCLK period which
RXDV is asserted, RXD (3:0) are transferred from the
PHY to the MAC reconciliation sublayer.
•
RXCLK (receive clock) output to the MAC reconciliation
sublayer is a continuous clock that provides the timing
reference for the transfer of the RXDV, RXD, and
RXER signals.
TXD
IDLE
SSD
J/K
Preamble
CRS
RXDV (receive data valid) input from the PHY indicates
that the PHY is presenting recovered and decoded
nibbles to the MAC reconciliation sublayer. To interpret
a receive frame correctly by the reconciliation sublayer,
RXDV must encompass the frame, starting no later
than the Start-of-Frame delimiter and excluding any
End-Stream delimiter.
•
RXER (receive error) transitions are synchronously with
respect to RXCLK. RXER will be asserted for 1 or more
clock periods to indicate to the reconciliation sublayer
that an error was detected somewhere in the frame
being transmitted from the PHY to the reconciliation
sublayer.
•
CRS (carrier sense) is asserted by the PHY when either
the transmit or receive medium is non-idle, and
de-asserted by the PHY when the transmit and receive
medium are idle. Figure 7-2 depicts the behavior of
CRS during 10Base-T and 100Base-TX transmission.
Data
SFD
ESD
T/R
IDLE
100Base-TX
CRS
TXD
•
Preamble
Data
SFD
EFD
10Base-T
Figure 7-2
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
14
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
These two busses include various controls and signal
indications that facilitate data transfers between the
DM9161A and the Reconciliation layer.
7.2 100Base-TX Operation
The 100Base-TX transmitter receives 4-bit nibble data
clocked in at 25MHz at the MII, and outputs a scrambled
5-bit encoded MLT-3 signal to the media at 100Mbps. The
on-chip clock circuit converts the 25MHz clock into a
125MHz clock for internal use.
7.2.1 100Base-TX Transmit
The 100Base-TX transmitter consists of the functional
blocks shown in figure 7-3. The 100Base-TX transmit
section converts 4-bit synchronous data provided by the
MII to a scrambled MLT-3 125, a million symbols per
second serial data stream.
The IEEE 802.3u specification defines the Media
Independent Interface. The interface specification defines
a dedicated receive data bus and a dedicated transmit
data bus.
25M OSCI
LED1-4#
LED
Driver
TX CGM
4B/5B
Encoder
Scrambler
Parallel
to Serial
NRZ
to
NRZI
NRZI to
MLT-3
MLT-3
Driver
100TXD+/-
Rise/Fall
Time
CTL
AutoMDIX
25M CLK
125M CLK
MII
Signals
MII
Interface/
Control
4B/5B
Decoder
Codegroup
Alignment
Descrambler
Serial to
Parallel
NRZI
to
NRZ
MLT-3 to
NRZI
Adaptive
EQ
RXI+/-
RX
RXI+/-
TX
10TXD+/-
RX
CRM
Digital
Logic
10BASE-T
Module
Register
Collision
Detection
Carrier
Sense
AutoNegotiation
Figure 7-3
15
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
The block diagram in figure 7-3 provides an overview of the
functional blocks contained in the transmit section.
The transmitter section contains the following functional
blocks:
- 4B5B Encoder
- Scrambler
- Parallel to Serial Converter
- NRZ to NRZI Encoder
- NRZI to MLT-3
- MLT-3 Driver
7.2.1.1 4B5B Encoder
The 4B5B encoder converts 4-bit (4B) nibble data generated
by the MAC Reconciliation Layer into a 5-bit (5B) code group
for transmission, see reference Table 7-1. This conversion is
required for control and packet data to be combined in code
groups. The 4B5B encoder substitutes the first 8 bits of the
MAC preamble with a J/K code group pair (11000 10001)
upon transmit. The 4B5B encoder continues to replace
subsequent 4B preamble and data nibbles with
corresponding 5B code-groups. At the end of the transmit
packet, upon the deassertion of the Transmit Enable signal
from the MAC Reconciliation layer, the 4B5B encoder injects
the T/R code group pair (01101 00111) indicating end of
frame. After the T/R code group pair, the 4B5B encoder
continuously injects IDLEs into the transmit data stream until
Transmit Enable is asserted and the next transmit packet is
detected.
The DM9161A includes a Bypass 4B5B conversion option
within the 100Base-TX Transmitter for support of
applications like 100 Mbps repeaters, which do not require
4B5B conversion.
7.2.1.2 Scrambler
The scrambler is required to control the radiated emissions
(EMI) by spreading the transmit energy across the frequency
spectrum at the media connector and on the twisted pair
cable in 100Base-TX operation.
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
By scrambling the data, the total energy presented to the
cable is randomly distributed over a wide frequency range.
Without the scrambler, energy levels on the cable could
peak beyond FCC limitations at frequencies related to
repeated 5B sequences like continuous transmission of
IDLE symbols. The scrambler output is combined with the
NRZ 5B data from the code group encoder via an XOR logic
function. The result is a scrambled data stream with sufficient
randomization to decrease radiated emissions at critical
frequencies.
7.2.1.3 Parallel to Serial Converter
The Parallel to Serial Converter receives parallel 5B
scrambled data from the scrambler and serializes it
(converts it from a parallel to a serial data stream). The
serialized data stream is then presented to the NRZ to
NRZI encoder block
7.2.1.4 NRZ to NRZI Encoder
Since the transmit data stream has been scrambled and
serialized, the data must be NRZI encoded for compatibility
with the TP-PMD standard for 100Base-TX transmission
over Category-5 unshielded twisted pair cable.
7.2.1.5 MLT-3 Converter
The MLT-3 conversion is accomplished by converting the
data stream output from the NRZI encoder into two binary
data streams with alternately phased logic one events.
7.2.1.6 MLT-3 Driver
The two binary data streams, created at the MLT-3 converter,
are fed to the twisted pair output driver, which converts these
streams to current sources and alternately drives either side
of the transmit transformer’s primary winding, resulting in a
minimal current MLT-3 signal. Refer to figure 7-4 for the
block diagram of the MLT-3 converter.
16
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
7.2.1.7 4B5B Code Group
Symbol
Meaning
Data 0
Data 1
Data 2
Data 3
Data 4
Data 5
Data 6
Data 7
Data 8
Data 9
Data A
Data B
Data C
Data D
Data E
Data F
4B code
3210
0000
0001
0010
0011
0100
0101
0110
0111
1000
1001
1010
1011
1100
1101
1110
1111
5B Code
43210
11110
01001
10100
10101
01010
01011
01110
01111
10010
10011
10110
10111
11010
11011
11100
11101
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
I
J
K
T
R
H
Idle
SFD (1)
SFD (2)
ESD (1)
ESD (2)
Error
undefined
0101
0101
undefined
undefined
undefined
11111
11000
10001
01101
00111
00100
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
Invalid
Invalid
Invalid
Invalid
Invalid
Invalid
Invalid
Invalid
Invalid
Invalid
undefined
undefined
undefined
undefined
undefined
undefined
undefined
undefined
undefined
undefined
00000
00001
00010
00011
00101
00110
01000
01100
10000
11001
Table 7-1
17
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
D
Q
CK
Binary
In
Q
.
.
Binary plus
Common
driver
MLT-3
Binary minus
Binary
In
MLT-3
Figure 7-4
7.2.2 100Base-TX Receiver
7.2.2.2 Adaptive Equalizer
The 100Base-TX receiver contains several function blocks
that convert the scrambled 125Mb/s serial data to
synchronous 4-bit nibble data, which is then provided to the
MII.
The receive section contains the following functional blocks:
When transmitting data at high speeds over copper twisted
pair cable, attenuation based on frequency becomes a
concern. In high speed twisted pair signaling, the frequency
content of the transmitted signal can vary greatly during
normal operation based on the randomness of the
scrambled data stream. This variation in signal attenuation
caused by frequency variations must be compensated for to
ensure the integrity of the received data. In order to ensure
quality transmission when employing MLT-3 encoding, the
compensation must be able to adapt to various cable lengths
and cable types depending on the installed environment.
The selection of long cable lengths for a given
implementation requires significant compensation, which will
be over-kill in a situation that includes shorter, less
attenuating cable lengths. Conversely, the selection of short
or intermediate cable lengths requiring less compensation
will cause serious under-compensation for longer length
cables. Therefore, the compensation or equalization must be
adaptive to ensure proper conditioning of the received signal
independent of the cable length.
- Signal Detect
- Adaptive Equalizer
- MLT-3 to NRZI Decoder
- Clock Recovery Module
- NRZI to NRZ Decoder
- Serial to Parallel
- Descrambler
- Code Group Alignment
- 4B5B Decoder
7.2.2.1 Signal Detect
The signal detect function meets the specifications
mandated by the ANSI XT12 TP-PMD 100Base-TX
Standards for both voltage thresholds and timing
parameters.
7.2.2.3 MLT-3 to NRZI Decoder
The DM9161A decodes the MLT-3 information from the
Digital Adaptive Equalizer into NRZI data. The relation
between NRZI and MLT-3 data is shown in figure 7-4.
7.2.2.4 Clock Recovery Module
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
The Clock Recovery Module accepts NRZI data from the
18
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
MLT-3 to NRZI decoder. The Clock Recovery Module locks
onto the data stream and extracts the 125MHz reference
clock. The extracted and synchronized clock and data are
presented to the NRZI to NRZ Decoder.
7.2.2.5 NRZI to NRZ
The transmit data stream is required to be NRZI encoded in
for compatibility with the TP-PMD standard for 100Base-TX
transmission over Category-5 unshielded twisted pair cable.
This conversion process must be reversed on the receive
end. The NRZI to NRZ decoder, receives the NRZI data
stream from the Clock Recovery Module and converts
it to a NRZ data stream to be presented to the Serial to
Parallel conversion block.
7.2.2.6 Serial to Parallel
The Serial to Parallel Converter receives a serial data
stream from the NRZI to NRZ converter, and converts
the data stream to parallel data to be presented to the
descrambler.
7.2.2.7 Descrambler
Because the scrambling process requires to control the
radiated emissions of transmit data streams, the receiver
must descramble the receive data streams. The
descrambler receives scrambled parallel data streams from
the Serial to Parallel converter, descrambles the data
streams, and presents the data streams to the Code Group
alignment block.
7.2.2.8 Code Group Alignment
The Code Group Alignment block receives un-aligned
5B data from the descrambler and converts it into 5B
code group data. Code Group Alignment occurs after
the J/K is detected, and subsequent data is aligned on
a fixed boundary.
7.2.2.9 4B5B Decoder
7.2.3 10Base-T Operation
The 10Base-T transceiver is IEEE 802.3u compliant. When
the DM9161A is operating in 10Base-T mode, the coding
scheme is Manchester. Data processed for transmit is
presented to the MII interface in nibble format, converted to a
serial bit stream, then Manchester encoded. When receiving,
the Manchester encoded bit stream is decoded and
converted into nibble format for presentation to the MII
interface.
7.2.4 Collision Detection
For half-duplex operation, a collision is detected when the
transmit and receive channels are active simultaneously.
When a collision has been detected, it will be reported by the
COL signal on the MII interface. Collision detection is
disabled in Full Duplex operation.
7.2.5 Carrier Sense
Carrier Sense (CRS) is asserted in half-duplex operation
during transmission or reception of data. During full-duplex
mode, CRS is asserted only during receive operations.
7.2.6 Auto-Negotiation
The objective of Auto-negotiation is to provide a means to
exchange information between segment linked devices and
to automatically configure both devices to take maximum
advantage of their abilities. It is important to note that
Auto-negotiation does not test the link segment
characteristics. The Auto-Negotiation function provides a
means for a device to advertise supported modes of
operation to a remote link partner, acknowledge the receipt
and understanding of common modes of operation, and to
reject un-shared modes of operation. This allows devices on
both ends of a segment to establish a link at the best
common mode of operation. If more than one common
mode exists between the two devices, a mechanism is
provided to allow the devices to resolve to a single mode of
operation using a predetermined priority resolution function.
The 4B5B Decoder functions as a look-up table that
translates incoming 5B code groups into 4B (Nibble) data.
When receiving a frame, the first 2 5-bit code groups
received are the start-of-frame delimiter (J/K symbols). The
J/K symbol pair is stripped and two nibbles of preamble
pattern are substituted. The last two code groups are the
end-of-frame delimiter (T/R symbols).
The T/R symbol pair is also stripped from the nibble
presented to the Reconciliation layer.
19
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
Auto-Negotiation (continued)
Auto-negotiation also provides a parallel detection function for devices that do not support the Auto-negotiation
feature. During Parallel detection there is no exchange of configuration information, instead, the receive signal is
examined. If it is discovered that the signal matches a technology, supported by the receiving device, a connection
will be automatically established using that technology. This allows devices, which do not support Auto-negotiation
but support a common mode of operation, to establish a link.
7.2.7 MII Serial Management
The MII serial management interface consists of a data interface, basic register set, and a serial management
interface to the register set. Through this interface it is possible to control and configure multiple PHY devices, get
status and error information, and determine the type and capabilities of the attached PHY device(s).
The DM9161A management functions correspond to MII specification for IEEE 802.3u-1995 (Clause 22) for
registers 0 through 6 with vendor-specific registers 16,17, 18, 21, 22, 23 and 24.
In read/write operation, the management data frame is 64-bits long and starts with 32 contiguous logic one bits
(preamble) synchronization clock cycles on MDC. The Start of Frame Delimiter (SFD) is indicated by a <01>
pattern followed by the operation code (OP):<10> indicates Read operation and <01> indicates Write operation.
For read operation, a 2-bit turnaround (TA) filing between Register Address field and Data field is provided for
MDIO to avoid contention. Following the turnaround time, 16-bit data is read from or written onto management
registers.
7.2.8 Serial Management Interface
The serial control interface uses a simple two-wired serial interface to obtain and control the status of the physical
layer through the MII interface. The serial control interface consists of MDC (Management Data Clock), and MDI/O
(Management Data Input/Output) signals.
The MDIO pin is bi-directional and may be shared by up to 32 devices.
7.2.9 Management Interface - Read Frame Structure
MDC
MDIO Read
32 "1"s
Idle
0
Preamble
1
SFD
1
0
A4
Op Code
A3
A0
PHY Address
R4
R3
R0
Register Address
0
Z
D15
//
D14
Turn Around
//
D1
D0
Data
Read
Write
Idle
7.2.10 Management Interface - Write Frame Structure
MDC
MDIO Write
32 "1"s
Idle
Preamble
0
1
SFD
0
1
Op Code
A4
A3
PHY Address
A0
R4
R3
R0
Register Address
Write
1
0
Turn Around
D15
D14
Data
D1
D0
Idle
Figure 7-5
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
20
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
7.2.11 Power Reduced Mode
The Signal detect circuit is always turned on to monitor whether there is any signal on the media. In case of cable
disconnection,, DM9161A will automatically turn off the power and enter the Power Reduced mode, regardless of its operation
mode being N-way auto-negotiation or forced mode. While in the Power Reduced mode, the transmit circuit will continue
sending out fast link pulse with minimum power consumption. If a valid signal is detected from the media, which might be N-way
fast link pulse, 10Base-T normal link pules, or 100Base-TX MLT3 signals, the device wakes up and resumes normal operation
mode.
Automatic reduced power down mode can be disabled by writing Zero to Reg.16.4.
7.2.12 Power Down Mode
Power Down mode is entered by setting Reg.0.11 to ONE or pulling PWRDWN pin high, which disables all transmit and
receive functions, and MII interface functions except the MDC/MDIO management interface.
7.2.13 Reduced Transmit Power Mode
Additional transmit power reduction can be gained by designing with 1.25:1 turns ration magnetic on its TX side and using a
8.5KΩ resistor on BGRES and BGRESG pins, and the TX+/TX- pulled high resistors being changed from 50Ω to 78Ω. This
configuration could reduce about 20% of transmit power.
7.3 HP Auto-MDIX Functional Description
The DM9161A supports the automatic detect cable connection type, MDI/MDIX (straight through/cross over). A
manual configuration by register bit for MDI or MDIX is still accepted.
When set to automatic, the polarity of MDI/MDIX controlled timing is generated by a 16-bits LFSR. The switching cycle time is
located from 200ms to 420ms. The polarity control is always switch until detect received signal. After selected MDI or MDIX, the
polarity status can be read by register bit (20.7).(See page33,8.12 specified config register-20 bit 7)7.3.1 Function Setting.
Pin 39 is used to enable HP Auto-MDIX function.
Pull pin 39 low will enable it, and pull pin 39 high will disable it.
Specified config Register 20 bit 4 (20, 4) is used by programmer to disable HP Auto-MDIX function. Write register
20 bit 4 to “ 1 “ will disable HP Auto-MDIX function. Its default value is “ 0 “. When the register 20 bit 4 (20, 4) is set to “ 1 “, the
register 20 bit 5(20, 5) is used to select straight through or cross over mode, “ 0 “ is for straight through, and “ 1 “ is for cross
over.
RX + /- from DM9161A
TX + /- from DM9161A
RX+/- to RJ45
TX+/- to RJ45
* MDI : __________
* MDIX : - - - - - - - - This feature is able to detect the required cable connection type.( straight through or crossed over ) and make correction
automatically
21
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
8. MII Register Description
AD
Name
15
D
00 CONTROL Reset
01
STATUS
02
03
PHYID1
PHYID2
04 Auto-Neg.
Advertise
05 Link Part.
Ability
0
T4
Cap.
0
0
1
Next
Page
LP
Next
Page
06 Auto-Neg.
Expansion
16 Specified
BP
Config.
4B5B
17 Specified 100
Conf/Stat FDX
18
10T
Rsvd
Conf/Stat
14
13
12
11
Loop
back
0
TX FDX
Cap.
1
0
0
Speed Auto-N Power
select
Enable Down
1
1
0
TX HDX 10 FDX 10 HDX
Cap.
Cap.
Cap.
1
1
1
0
0
0
1
1
1
FLP Rcv
Ack
LP
Ack
Remote
Fault
LP
RF
Reserved
Reserved
BP
SCR
100
HDX
LP
Enable
Reserved
20
Specified
config
TSTSE1 TSTSE2 FORCE_ FORCE_
TXSD
FEF
21
MDINTR
22
RCVER
0
Restart
Full
Auto-N Duplex
0
1
Reserved
7
0
FC
Adv
LP
FC
T4
Adv
LP
T4
5
4
Coll.
Test
0
1
3
2
1
0
Reserved
Pream.
Supr.
1
0
0000
0
0
6
Auto-N
Compl.
0
0
1
Model No.
01010
TX FDX TX HDX 10 FDX 10 HDX
Adv
Adv
Adv
Adv
LP
LP
LP
LP
TX FDX TX HDX 10 FDX 10 HDX
Remote
Fault
0
0
000_0000
Auto-N
Link
Jabber
Cap.
Status
Detect
1
0
0
0
0
0
Version No.
0000
Advertised Protocol Selector Field
Extd
Cap.
1
1
Link Partner Protocol Selector Field
PD10DR PD100l
V
Reserved
PDchip
PDcrm
PDaeq
PDdrv
PDecli
PDeclo
PD10
MDIX_C AutoNeg Mdix_fix Mdix_do MonSel1 MonSel0 Rmii_acc PD_valu
NTL
_dlpbk
Value
wn
u
e
Reserve Reserve Reverse Fdx_msk Spd_msk Lnk_msk Int_msk Reserve Reserve Reverse Fdx_chg Spd_chg Lnk_chg Reserve
d
d
d
d
d
d
d
Int_sts
Receiver Error Counter
23 DIS_connec
t
RSTLH
Isolate
8
Pardet LP Next Next Pg New Pg LP AutoN
Fault
Pg Able
Able
Rcv
Cap.
BP
BP_ADP Repeater
TX
FEF_EN RMII_E Force TST_SE LEDCO RPDCTR Reset
Pream.
Sleep
Remote
ALIGN
OK
N
100LNK
L0
L_SEL
-EN
St. Mch
Supr.
mode
LoopOut
10
10 HDX Reserve Reverse Reverse
PHY ADDR [4:0]
Auto-N. Monitor Bit [3:0]
FDX
d
d
d
HBE
SQUE
JAB
10T
Reserved
Polarity
Enable Enable Enable
Serial
Reverse
PWDOR
24
9
Reserved
19
Int_sts
10
Reversed
Disconnect_counter
Lh_led_ Lh_mdint Lh_cabst Lh_isolat Lh_rmii Lh_seril1 Lh_repea Lh_testm Lh_op2
mode
r
s
e
0
ter
ode
Lh_op1
Lh_op0 Lh_phya Lh_phya Lh_phya Lh_phya Lh_phya
d4
d3
d2
d1
d0
Key to Default
In the register description that follows, the default
column takes the form:
<Reset Value>, <Access Type> / <Attribute(s)>
<Access Type>:
RO = Read only
RW = Read/Write
Where:
<Reset Value>:
1
Bit set to logic one
0
Bit set to logic zero
X
No default value
(PIN#) Value latched in from pin # at reset
<Attribute (s)>:
SC = Self clearing
P = Value permanently set
LL = Latching low
LH = Latching high
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
22
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
8.1 Basic Mode Control Register (BMCR) - 00
23
Bit
0.15
Bit Name
Reset
0.14
Loopback
0.13
Speed selection
0.12
Auto-negotiation
enable
0.11
Power down
0.10
Isolate
0.9
Restart
Auto-negotiation
Default
Description
0, RW/SC Reset
1=Software reset
0=Normal operation
This bit sets the status and controls the PHY registers to their default
states. This bit, which is self-clearing, will keep returning a value of
one until the reset process is completed
0, RW
Loopback
Loop-back control register
1 = Loop-back enabled
0 = Normal operation
When in 100Mbps operation mode, setting this bit may cause the
descrambler to lose synchronization and produce a 720ms "dead
time" before any valid data appears at the MII receive outputs
1, RW
Speed Select
1 = 100Mbps
0 = 10Mbps
Link speed may be selected either by this bit or by auto-negotiation.
When auto-negotiation is enabled and bit 12 is set, this bit will return
auto-negotiation selected medium type
1, RW
Auto-negotiation Enable
1 = Auto-negotiation is enabled, bit 8 and 13 will be in
auto-negotiation status
0, RW
Power Down
While in the power-down state, the PHY should respond to
management transactions. During the transition to power-down state
and while in the power-down state, the PHY should not generate
spurious signals on the MII
1=Power down
0=Normal operation
0,RW
Isolate
1 = Isolates the DM9161A from the MII with the exception of the serial
management. (When this bit is asserted, the DM9161A does not
respond to the TXD [0:3], TX_EN, and TX_ER inputs, and it shall
present a high impedance on its TX_CLK, RX_CLK, RX_DV,
RX_ER, RXD[0:3], COL and CRS outputs. When PHY is isolated
from the MII it shall respond to the management transactions)
0 = Normal operation
0,RW/SC Restart Auto-negotiation
1 = Restart auto-negotiation. Re-initiates the auto-negotiation
process. When auto-negotiation is disabled (bit 12 of this register
cleared), this bit has no function and it should be cleared. This bit is
self-clearing and it will keep returning to a value of 1 until
auto-negotiation is initiated by the DM9161A. The operation of the
auto-negotiation process will not be affected by the management
entity that clears this bit
0 = Normal operation
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
0.8
Duplex mode
1,RW
0.7
Collision test
0,RW
0.6-0.0
Reserved
0,RO
Duplex Mode
1 = Full duplex operation. Duplex selection is allowed when
Auto-negotiation is disabled (bit 12 of this register is cleared). With
auto-negotiation enabled, this bit reflects the duplex capability
selected by auto-negotiation
0 = Normal operation
Collision Test
1 = Collision test enabled. When set, this bit will cause the COL
signal to be asserted in response to the assertion of TX_EN
0 = Normal operation
Reserved
Read as 0, ignore on write
8.2 Basic Mode Status Register (BMSR) - 01
Bit
1.15
Bit Name
100BASE-T4
Default
0,RO/P
1.14
100BASE-TX
full-duplex
1,RO/P
1.13
100BASE-TX
half-duplex
1,RO/P
1.12
10BASE-T
full-duplex
1,RO/P
1.11
10BASE-T
half-duplex
1,RO/P
1.10-1.7
Reserved
0,RO
1.6
MF preamble
suppression
1,RO
1.5
Auto-negotiation
Complete
0,RO
1.4
Remote fault
0, RO/LH
1.3
Auto-negotiation
ability
1,RO/P
1.2
Link status
0,RO/LL
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
Description
100BASE-T4 Capable
1 = DM9161A is able to perform in 100BASE-T4 mode
0 = DM9161A is not able to perform in 100BASE-T4 mode
100BASE-TX Full Duplex Capable
1 = DM9161A is able to perform 100BASE-TX in full duplex mode
0 = DM9161A is not able to perform 100BASE-TX in full duplex mode
100BASE-TX Half Duplex Capable
1 = DM9161A is able to perform 100BASE-TX in half duplex mode
0 = DM9161A is not able to perform 100BASE-TX in half duplex
mode
10BASE-T Full Duplex Capable
1 = DM9161A is able to perform 10BASE-T in full duplex mode
0 = DM9161A is not able to perform 10BASE-TX in full duplex mode
10BASE-T Half Duplex Capable
1 = DM9161A is able to perform 10BASE-T in half duplex mode
0 = DM9161A is not able to perform 10BASE-T in half duplex mode
Reserved
Read as 0, ignore on write
MII Frame Preamble Suppression
1 = PHY will accept management frames with preamble suppressed
0 = PHY will not accept management frames with preamble
suppressed
Auto-negotiation Complete
1 = Auto-negotiation process completed
0 = Auto-negotiation process not completed
Remote Fault
1 = Remote fault condition detected (cleared on read or by a chip
reset). Fault criteria and detection method is DM9161A
implementation specific. This bit will set after the RF bit in the
ANLPAR (bit 13, register address 05) is set
0 = No remote fault condition detected
Auto Configuration Ability
1 = DM9161A is able to perform auto-negotiation
0 = DM9161A is not able to perform auto-negotiation
Link Status
1 = Valid link is established (for either 10Mbps or 100Mbps operation)
24
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
1.1
Jabber detect
0, RO/LH
1.0
Extended
capability
1,RO/P
0 = Link is not established
The link status bit is implemented with a latching function, so that the
occurrence of a link failure condition causes the link status bit to be
cleared and remain cleared until it is read via the management
interface
Jabber Detect
1 = Jabber condition detected
0 = No jabber
This bit is implemented with a latching function. Jabber conditions will
set this bit unless it is cleared by a read to this register through a
management interface or a DM9161A reset. This bit works only in
10Mbps mode
Extended Capability
1 = Extended register capable
0 = Basic register capable only
8.3 PHY ID Identifier Register #1 (PHYID1) - 02
The PHY Identifier Registers #1 and #2 work together in a single identifier of the DM9161A. The Identifier consists
of a concatenation of the Organizationally Unique Identifier (OUI), a vendor's model number, and a model revision
number. DAVICOM Semiconductor's IEEE assigned OUI is 00606E.
Bit
2.15-2.0
Bit Name
OUI_MSB
Default
<0181h>
Description
OUI Most Significant Bits
This register stores bit 3 to 18 of the OUI (00606E) to bit 15 to 0 of
this register respectively. The most significant two bits of the OUI
are ignored (the IEEE standard refers to these as bit 1 and 2)
8.4 PHY ID Identifier Register #2 (PHYID2) - 03
Bit
3.15-3.10
Bit Name
OUI_LSB
Default
<101110>,
RO/P
3.9-3.4
VNDR_MDL
<001010>,
RO/P
3.3-3.0
MDL_REV
<0000>,
RO/P
25
Description
OUI Least Significant Bits
Bit 19 to 24 of the OUI (00606E) are mapped to bit 15 to 10 of this
register respectively
Vendor Model Number
Five bits of vendor model number mapped to bit 9 to 4 (most
significant bit to bit 9)
Model Revision Number
Five bits of vendor model revision number mapped to bit 3 to 0
(most significant bit to bit 4)
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
8.5 Auto-negotiation Advertisement Register (ANAR) - 04
This register contains the advertised abilities of this DM9161A device as they will be transmitted to its link partner
during Auto-negotiation.
Bit
4.15
Bit Name
NP
4.14
ACK
4.13
RF
4.12-4.11
Reserved
4.10
FCS
4.9
T4
4.8
TX_FDX
4.7
TX_HDX
4.6
10_FDX
4.5
10_HDX
4.4-4.0
Selector
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
Default
0,RO/P
Description
Next page Indication
0 = No next page available
1 = Next page available
The DM9161A has no next page, so this bit is permanently set to 0
0,RO
Acknowledge
1 = Link partner ability data reception acknowledged
0 = Not acknowledged
The DM9161A's auto-negotiation state machine will automatically
control this bit in the outgoing FLP bursts and set it at the
appropriate time during the auto-negotiation process. Software
should not attempt to write to this bit.
0, RW
Remote Fault
1 = Local device senses a fault condition
0 = No fault detected
X, RW
Reserved
Write as 0, ignore on read
0, RW
Flow Control Support
1 = Controller chip supports flow control ability
0 = Controller chip doesn’t support flow control ability
0, RO/P
100BASE-T4 Support
1 = 100BASE-T4 is supported by the local device
0 = 100BASE-T4 is not supported
The DM9161A does not support 100BASE-T4 so this bit is
permanently set to 0
1, RW
100BASE-TX Full Duplex Support
1 = 100BASE-TX full duplex is supported by the local device
0 = 100BASE-TX full duplex is not supported
1, RW
100BASE-TX Support
1 = 100BASE-TX half duplex is supported by the local device
0 = 100BASE-TX half duplex is not supported
1, RW
10BASE-T Full Duplex Support
1 = 10BASE-T full duplex is supported by the local device
0 = 10BASE-T full duplex is not supported
1, RW
10BASE-T Support
1 = 10BASE-T half duplex is supported by the local device
0 = 10BASE-T half duplex is not supported
<00001>, RW Protocol Selection Bits
These bits contain the binary encoded protocol selector supported
by this node
<00001> indicates that this device supports IEEE 802.3 CSMA/CD
26
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
8.6 Auto-negotiation Link Partner Ability Register (ANLPAR) – 05
This register contains the advertised abilities of the link partner when received during Auto-negotiation.
Bit
5.15
Bit Name
NP
5.14
ACK
5.13
RF
5.12-5.11
Reserved
5.10
FCS
5.9
T4
5.8
TX_FDX
5.7
TX_HDX
5.6
10_FDX
5.5
10_HDX
5.4-5.0
Selector
27
Default
0, RO
Description
Next Page Indication
0 = Link partner, no next page available
1 = Link partner, next page available
0, RO
Acknowledge
1 = Link partner ability data reception acknowledged
0 = Not acknowledged
The DM9161A's auto-negotiation state machine will automatically
control this bit from the incoming FLP bursts. Software should not
attempt to write to this bit
0, RO
Remote Fault
1 = Remote fault indicated by link partner
0 = No remote fault indicated by link partner
0, RO
Reserved
Read as 0, ignore on write
0, RO
Flow Control Support
1 = Controller chip supports flow control ability by link partner
0 = Controller chip doesn’t support flow control ability by link partner
0, RO
100BASE-T4 Support
1 = 100BASE-T4 is supported by the link partner
0 = 100BASE-T4 is not supported by the link partner
0, RO
100BASE-TX Full Duplex Support
1 = 100BASE-TX full duplex is supported by the link partner
0 = 100BASE-TX full duplex is not supported by the link partner
0, RO
100BASE-TX Support
1 = 100BASE-TX half duplex is supported by the link partner
0 = 100BASE-TX half duplex is not supported by the link partner
0, RO
10BASE-T Full Duplex Support
1 = 10BASE-T full duplex is supported by the link partner
0 = 10BASE-T full duplex is not supported by the link partner
0, RO
10BASE-T Support
1 = 10BASE-T half duplex is supported by the link partner
0 = 10BASE-T half duplex is not supported by the link partner
<00000>, RO Protocol Selection Bits
Link partner’s binary encoded protocol selector
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
8.7 Auto-negotiation Expansion Register (ANER)- 06
Bit
6.15-6.5
Bit Name
Reserved
Default
0, RO
6.4
PDF
0, RO/LH
6.3
LP_NP_ABLE
0, RO
6.2
NP_ABLE
0,RO/P
6.1
PAGE_RX
0, RO/LH
6.0
LP_AN_ABLE
0, RO
Description
Reserved
Read as 0, ignore on write
Local Device Parallel Detection Fault
PDF = 1: A fault detected via parallel detection function.
PDF = 0: No fault detected via parallel detection function
Link Partner Next Page Able
LP_NP_ABLE = 1: Link partner, next page available
LP_NP_ABLE = 0: Link partner, no next page
Local Device Next Page Able
NP_ABLE = 1: DM9161A, next page available
NP_ABLE = 0: DM9161A, no next page
DM9161A does not support this function, so this bit is always 0
New Page Received
A new link code word page received. This bit will be automatically
cleared when the register (register 6) is read by management
Link Partner Auto-negotiation Able
A “1” in this bit indicates that the link partner supports
Auto-negotiation
8.8 DAVICOM Specified Configuration Register (DSCR) - 16
Bit
16.15
Bit Name
BP_4B5B
16.14
BP_SCR
16.13
BP_ALIGN
16.12
BP_ADPOK
16.11
REPEATER
16.10
TX
16.9
16.8
Reserved
RMII_Enable
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
Default
0,RW
Description
Bypass 4B5B Encoding and 5B4B Decoding
1 = 4B5B encoder and 5B4B decoder function bypassed
0 = Normal 4B5B and 5B4B operation
0, RW
Bypass Scrambler/Descrambler Function
1 = Scrambler and descrambler function bypassed
0 = Normal scrambler and descrambler operation
0, RW
Bypass Symbol Alignment Function
1 = Receive functions (descrambler, symbol alignment and symbol
decoding functions) bypassed. Transmit functions (symbol encoder
and scrambler) bypassed
0 = Normal operation
1, RW
BYPASS ADPOK
Force signal detector (SD) active. This register is for debug only, not
release to customer
1=Forced SD is OK,
0=Normal operation
(Pin#38),RW Repeater/Node Mode
The value of the Repeater/Node pin (38) is latched into this bit at
power-up/reset
1 = Repeater mode
0 = Node mode
1, RW
100BASE-TX Mode Control
1 = 100BASE-TX operation
1, RO
Reserved
(Pin#36), RW Reduced MII Enable
Select normal MII or reduced MII. The value of the RMII pin(36) is
28
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
29
16.7
F_LINK_100
0, RW
16.6
SPLED_CTL
0, RW
16.5
COLLED_CTL
0, RW
16.4
RPDCTR-EN
1, RW
16.3
SMRST
0, RW
16.2
MFPSC
1, RW
16.1
SLEEP
0, RW
16.0
RLOUT
0, RW
latched into this bit at power-up/reset
0 = Normal MII
1 = Enable Reduced MII
Force Good Link in 100Mbps
0 = Normal 100Mbps operation
1 = Force 100Mbps good link status
This bit is useful for diagnostic purposes
Speed LED Disable
0 = Normal SPEEDLED output to indicate speed status
1 = Disable SPEEDLED output and enable SD signal monitor (for
internal debug). When this bit is set, it controls the SPEEDLED as
100BASE-X SD signal output .For debug only
Collision LED Enable
0 = FDX/COLLED output is configured to indicate Full/half duplex
status
1 = FDX/COLLED output is configured to indicate
Full-duplex/Collision status
Reduced Power Down Control Enable
This bit is used to enable automatic reduced power down
0 = Disable automatic reduced power down
1 = Enable automatic reduced power down
Reset State Machine
When writes 1 to this bit, all state machines of PHY will be reset.
This bit is self-clear after reset is completed
MF Preamble Suppression Control
MII frame preamble suppression control bit
1 = MF preamble suppression bit on
0 = MF preamble suppression bit off
Sleep Mode
Writing a 1 to this bit will cause PHY entering the Sleep mode and
power down all circuit except oscillator and clock generator circuit.
When waking up from Sleep mode (write this bit to 0), the
configuration will go back to the state before sleep; but the state
machine will be reset
Remote Loopout Control
When this bit is set to 1, the received data will loop out to the
transmit channel. This is useful for bit error rate testing
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
8.9 DAVICOM Specified Configuration and Status Register (DSCSR) - 17
Bit
17.15
Bit Name
100FDX
17.14
100HDX
17.13
10FDX
17.12
10HDX
17.11-17. Reserved
9
17.8-17.4 PHYADR[4
:0]
17.3-17.0 ANMB[3:0]
17.3-17.0 ANMB[3:0]
Default
1, RO
Description
100M Full Duplex Operation Mode
After auto-negotiation is completed, results will be written to this bit. If this
bit is 1, it means the operation 1 mode is a 100M full duplex mode. The
software can read bit [15:12] to see which mode is selected after
auto-negotiation. This bit is invalid when it is not in the auto-negotiation
mode
1, RO
100M Half Duplex Operation Mode
After auto-negotiation is completed, results will be written to this bit. If this
bit is 1, it means the operation 1 mode is a 100M half duplex mode. The
software can read bit [15:12] to see which mode is selected after
auto-negotiation. This bit is invalid when it is not in the auto-negotiation
mode
1, RO
10M Full Duplex Operation Mode
After auto-negotiation is completed, results will be written to this bit. If this
bit is 1, it means the operation 1 mode is a 10M Full Duplex mode. The
software can read bit [15:12] to see which mode is selected after
auto-negotiation. This bit is invalid when it is not in the auto-negotiation
mode
1, RO
10M Half Duplex Operation Mode
After auto-negotiation is completed, results will be written to this bit. If this
bit is 1, it means the operation 1 mode is a 10M half duplex mode. The
software can read bit [15:12] to see which mode is selected after
auto-negotiation. This bit is invalid when it is not in the auto-negotiation
mode
0, RO
Reserved
Read as 0, ignore on write
(PHYADR), PHY Address Bit 4:0
RW
The first PHY address bit transmitted or received is the MSB of the address
(bit 4). A station management entity connected to multiple PHY entities
must know the appropriate address of each PHY
0, RO
Auto-negotiation Monitor Bits
These bits are for debug only. The auto-negotiation status will be written to
these bits
0, RO
Auto-negotiation Monitor Bits
These bits are for debug only.The auto-negotiation status will be written to
these bits.
B3 b2 b1 B0
0 0 0 0
0 0 0 1
0 0 1 0
0 0 1 1
0 1 0 0
0 1 0 1
0 1 1 0
0 1 1 1
1 0 0 0
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
In IDLE state
Ability match
Acknowledge match
Acknowledge match fail
Consistency match
Consistency match fail
Parallel detects signal_link_ready
Parallel detects signal_link_ready fail
Auto-negotiation completed successfully
30
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
8.10 10BASE-T Configuration/Status (10BTCSR) - 18
Bit
18.15
Bit Name
Reserved
Default
0, RO
18.14
LP_EN
1, RW
18.13
HBE
1,RW
18.12
SQUELCH
1, RW
18.11
JABEN
1, RW
18.10
10BT_SER
(#PIN
34),RW
18.9-18.1
Reserved
0, RO
18.0
POLR
0, RO
Description
Reserved
Read as 0, ignore on write
Link Pulse Enable
1 = Transmission of link pulses enabled
0 = Link pulses disabled, good link condition forced
This bit is valid only in 10Mbps operation
Heartbeat Enable
1 = Heartbeat function enabled
0 = Heartbeat function disabled
When the DM9161A is configured for full duplex operation, this bit will
be ignored (the collision/heartbeat function is invalid in full duplex mode)
Squelch Enable
1 = Normal squelch
0 = Low squelch
Jabber Enable
Enables or disables the Jabber function when the DM9161A is in
10BASE-T full duplex or 10BASE-T transceiver loopback mode
1 = Jabber function enabled
0 = Jabber function disabled
10BASE-T GPSI Mode ( Default value depend on #pin34 strap
condition)
1 = 10BASE-T GPSI mode selected (#pin34 pull down)
0 = 10BASE-T MII mode selected (#pin34 pull up, default)
GPSI mode is not supported for 100Mbps operation
Reserved
Read as 0, ignore on write
Polarity Reversed
When this bit is set to 1, it indicates that the 10Mbps cable polarity is
reversed. This bit is automatically set and cleared by 10BASE-T module
8.11 Power Down Control Register (PWDOR) - 19
Bit
19.15-19.9
Bit Name
Reserved
Default
0, RO
Description
Reserved
Read as 0, ignore on write
19.8
PD10DRV
0, RW
Vendor powerdown control test
19.7
PD100DL
0, RW
Vendor powerdown control test
19.6
PDchip
0, RW
Vendor powerdown control test
19.5
PDcom
0, RW
Vendor powerdown control test
19.4
PDaeq
0, RW
Vendor powerdown control test
19.3
PDdrv
0, RW
Vendor powerdown control test
19.2
PDedi
0, RW
Vendor powerdown control test
19.1
PDedo
0, RW
Vendor powerdown control test
19.0
PD10
0, RW
Vendor powerdown control test
* when selected , the powerdown value is control by Register 20.0
31
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
8.12 (Specified config) Register – 20
Bit
20.15
20.14
20.13
Bit Name
TSTSE1
TSTSE2
FORCE_TXSD
Default
0,RW
0,RW
0,RW
Description
Vendor test select control
Vendor test select control
Force Signal Detect
1: force SD signal OK in 100M
0: normal SD singal.
20.12
TSTSEL3
0,RW
Vendor test select control
20.11-20.
Reserved
0, RO
Reserved
8
Read as 0, ignore on write
20.7
MDIX_CNTL MDI/MDIX,RO The polarity of MDI/MDIX value
1: MDIX mode
0: MDI mode
20.6
AutoNeg_dpbk
0,RW
Auto-negotiation loopback
1: test internal digital auto-negotiation loopback
0: normal.
20.5
Mdix_fix Value
0, RW
MDIX_CNTL force value:
When MDIX_DOWN = 1, MDIX_CNTL value depend on the register
value.
20.4
Mdix_do wn
0,RW
MDIX Down
Manual force MDI/MDIX.
0: Enable HP Auto-MDIX
1: Disable HP Auto-MDIX , MDIX_CNTL value depend on 20.5
20.3
MonSel1
0,RW
Vendor monitor select
20.2
MonSel0
0,RW
Vendor monitor select
20.1
RMII_Ver
0,RW
RMII version
0: support RMII 1.2
1: support RMII 1.0
20.0
PD_value
0,RW
Powerdown control value
Decision the value of each field Register 19.
1: powerdown
0: normal
8.13 DAVICOM Specified Interrupt Register – 21
Bit
21.15
Bit Name
INTR PEND
Default
0, RO
21.14-21.
12
21.11
Reserved
0, RO
FDX mask
1, RW
21.10
SPD mask
1, RW
21.12
LINK mask
1, RW
21.8
INTR mask
1, RW
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
Description
Interrupt Pending
Indicates that the interrupt is pending and is cleared by the current
read. This bit shows the same result as bit 0. (INTR Status)
Reserved
Full-duplex Interrupt Mask
When this bit is set, the Duplex status change will not generate the
interrupt
Speed Interrupt Mask
When this bit is set, the Speed status change will not generate the
interrupt
Link Interrupt Mask
When this bit is set, the link status change will not generate the
interrupt
Master Interrupt Mask
32
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
21.7-21.5
21.4
Reserved
FDX change
0, RO
0,RO/LH
21.3
SPD change
0, RO/LH
21.2
LINK change
0, RO/LH
21.1
21.0
Reserved
INTR status
0, RO
0, RO/LH
When this bit is set, no interrupts will be generated under any
condition
Reserved
Duplex Status Change Interrupt
“1” indicates a change of duplex since last register read. A read of
this register will clear this bit
Speed Status Change Interrupt
“1” indicates a change of speed since last register read. A read of
this register will clear this bit
Link Status Change Interrupt
“1” indicates a change of link since last register read. A read of this
register will clear this bit
Reserved
Interrupt Status
The status of MDINTR#. “1” indicates that the interrupt mask is off
that one or more of the change bits are set. A read of this register
will clear this bit
8.14 DAVICOM Specified Receive Error Counter Register (RECR) – 22
Bit
22.15-0
Bit Name
Rcv_ Err_ Cnt
Default
0, RO
Description
Receive Error Counter
Receive error counter that increments upon detection of RXER.
Clean by read this register.
8.15 DAVICOM Specified Disconnect Counter Register (DISCR) – 23
Bit
23.15-23.
8
23.7-23.0
33
Bit Name
Reserved
Default
0, RO
Disconnect
Counter
0, RO
Description
Reserved
Disconnect Counter that increments upon detection of
disconnection. Clean by read this register.
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
8.16 DAVICOM Hardware Reset Latch State Register (RLSR) – 24
Bit
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Bit Name
LH_LEDMODE
LH_MDINTR
LH_CSTS
LH_ISO
LH_RMII
LH_TP10SER
LH_REPTR
LH_TSTMOD
LH_OP2
LH_OP1
LH_OP0
LH_PH4
LH_PH3
LH_PH2
LH_PH1
LH_PH0
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
Default
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
Description
LEDMODE pin reset latch value
MDINTR pin reset latch value
CABLESTS pin reset latch value
TXCLK pin reset latch value
COL pin reset latch value
RXCLK pin reset latch value
RXER pin reset latch value
RXDV pin reset latch value
LED2 pin reset latch value
LED1 pin reset latch value
LED0 pin reset latch value
CRS pin reset latch value
RXD3 pin reset latch value
RXD2 pin reset latch value
RXD1 pin reset latch value
RXD0 pin reset latch value
34
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
9. DC and AC Electrical Characteristics
9.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings ( 25°C )
Symbol
DVDD,
VIN
VOUT
Tstg
Tc
LT
LT
Parameter
Supply Voltage
DC Input Voltage (VIN)
DC Output Voltage(VOUT)
Storage Temperature Rang (Tstg)
Case Temperature
Lead Temp. (TL, Soldering, 10 sec.)
Lead Temp. (TL, Soldering, 10 sec.)
Min.
-0.3
-0.5
-0.3
-65
0
-
Max.
3.6
5.5
3.6
+150
85
235
260
Unit
V
V
V
°C
°C
°C
°C
Conditions
@Ta=0 ~ 70℃
DM9161AE
DM9161AEP
9.2 Operating Conditions
Symbol
DVDD
TA
Tc
PD
(Power Dissipation)
Parameter
Supply Voltage
Ambient Temperature
Case Temperature
100BASE-TX
10BASE-T TX, normal activity traffic
50% utility.
10BASE-T idle
Auto-negotiation
Power Reduced Mode (without cable )
Power Down Mode
Min.
3.135
0
-
Max.
3.465
70
85
92
72
Unit
V
°C
°C
mA
mA
Conditions
As TA = 70°C
3.3V
3.3V
-
25
52
25
3.8
mA
mA
mA
mA
3.3V
3.3V
3.3V
3.3V
Comments
Stresses above those listed under
Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent
the device. These are stress ratings only.
operation of this device at these or
35
“Absolute
damage to
Functional
any other
conditions above those indicated that in the
operational sections of this specification is not implied.
Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for
extended periods may affect device reliability.
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
9.3 DC Electrical Characteristics (DVDD = 3.3V)
Symbol
Parameter
Min.
Typ. Max.
Unit
Conditions
TTL Inputs
(TXD0~TXD3, TXCLK, MDC, MDIO, TXEN, TXER, RXEN, TESTMODE, RMII, PHYAD0~4, OPMODE0-2, RPTR,
RESET# )
VIL
Input Low Voltage
0.8
V
VIH
Input High Voltage
2.0
V
IIL
Input Low Leakage Current
5
uA
VIN = 0.4V
IIH
Input High Leakage Current
-5
uA
VIN = 2.7V
VOL
Output Low Voltage
0.4
V
IOL = 4mA
VOH
Output High Voltage
2.4
V
IOH = -4mA
Receiver
VICM
RX+/RX- Common mode Input Voltage
2.5
V
100 Ω Termination Across
Transmitter
VTD100 100TX+/- Differential Output Voltage
1.9
2.0
2.1
V
Peak to Peak
VTD10
10TX+/- Differential Output Voltage
4.4
5
5.6
V
Peak to Peak
ITD100 100TX+/- Differential Output Current
│19│
│20│
│21│
mA
ITD10
10TX+/- Differential Output Current
│44│
│50│
│56│
mA
9.4 AC Electrical Characteristics & Timing Waveforms
9.4.1 TP Interface
Symbol
Parameter
tTR/F
100TX+/- Differential Rise/Fall Time
tTM
100TX+/- Differential Rise/Fall Time Mismatch
tTDC
100TX+/- Differential Output Duty Cycle
Distortion
tT/T
100TX+/- Differential Output Peak-to-Peak Jitter
XOST
100TX+/- Differential Voltage Overshoot
Min.
3.0
0
0
Typ.
-
Max.
5.0
0.5
0.5
Unit
ns
ns
ns
0
0
-
1.4
5
ns
%
Min.
24.998
39.998
16
16
Typ.
25
40
20
20
Max.
25.001
40.002
24
24
Unit
mhz
ns
ns
ns
Conditions
9.4.2 Oscillator/Crystal Timing
Symbol
tCKC
tPWH
tPWL
Parameter
OSC Frag
OSC Cycle Time
OSC Pulse Width High
OSC Pulse Width Low
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
Conditions
50ppm
50ppm
36
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
9.4.3 MDC/MDIO Timing
Symbol
t0
t1
t2
t3
Parameter
MDC Cycle Time
MDIO Setup Before MDC
MDIO Hold After MDC
MDC To MDIO Output Delay
Min.
80
10
10
0
Typ.
-
Max.
300
Unit
ns
ns
ns
ns
Conditions
When OUTPUT By STA
When OUTPUT By STA
When OUTPUT By DM9161A
9.4.4 MDIO Timing When OUTPUT by STA
MDC
t0
10ns
(Min)
t1
10ns
(Min)
t2
MDIO
9.4.5 MDIO Timing When OUTPUT by DM9161A
t0
MDC
0 - 300 ns
t3
MDIO
37
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
9.4.6 100BASE-TX Transmit Timing Parameters
Symbol
tTXc
tTXh, tTXl
tTXs
tTXh
tTXOD
t1
t2
tTXpd
tTXr/f
Parameter
TXCLK Cycle Time
TXCLK High/Low Time
TXD [0:3], TXEN, TXER Setup To TXCLK High
TXD [0:3], TXEN, TXER Hold From TXCLK High
TXCLK to Output Delay
TXEN Sampled To CRS Asserted
TXEN Sampled To CRS De-asserted
TXEN Sampled To TX+/- Out (Tx Latency)
100TX Driver Rise/Fall Time
Min.
39.998
16
12
0
Typ.
40
20
-
3
4
4
8
4
Max.
40.002
24
25
5
Unit
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
BT
BT
BT
ns
Conditions
50ppm
90% To 10%, Into
100ohm Differential
Note 1. Typical values are at 25℃and are for design aid only; not guaranteed and not subject to production testing.
9.4.7 100BASE-TX Transmit Timing Diagram
TXCLK
tTXc
tTXS
TXD [0:3],
TXEN, TXER
tTXOD
tTXh
t2
t1
CRS
100TX+/-
tTXh
tTXpd
tTXr/f
9.4.8 100BASE-TX Receive Timing Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Conditions
tRXc
RXCLK Cycle Time
39.998
40
40.002
50ppm
TRXh, tRXl RXCLK High/Low Time
16
20
24
RXD [0:3], RXDV, RXER Setup To RXCLK High
10
ns
tRXs
RXD [0:3], RXDV, RXER Hold From RXCLK High
10
ns
tRXh
tRXpd
RX+/- In To RXD [0:3] Out (Rx Latency)
15
BT
t1
CRS Asserted To RXD [0:3], RXDV, RXER
4
BT
t2
CRS De-asserted To RXD [0:3], RXDV, RXER
0
BT
t3
RX+/- In To CRS Asserted
10
14
BT
t4
RX+/- Quiet To CRS De-asserted
14
18
BT
t5
RX+/- In To COL De-Asserted
14
18
BT
1. Typical values are at 25℃and are for design aid only; not guaranteed and not subject to production testing.
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
38
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
9.4.9 MII 100BASE-TX Receive Timing Diagram
RXCLK
tTXpd
tRXS tRXh
tRXh
tRXc
RXD [0:3],
RXDV, RXER
t1
t2
CRS
t4
t3
RX+/t5
t5
COL
9.4.10 MII 10BASE-T Nibble Transmit Timing Parameters
Symbol
tTXs
tTXh
t1
t2
tTXpd
Parameter
TXD[0:3), TXEN, TXER Setup To TXCLK High
TXD[0:3], TXEN, TXER Hold From TXCLK High
TXEN Sampled To CRS Asserted
TXEN Sampled To CRS De-asserted
TXEN Sampled To 10TXO Out (Tx Latency)
Min.
5
5
-
Typ.
2
15
2
Max.
4
20
4
Unit
ns
ns
BT
BT
BT
Conditions
9.4.11 MII 10BASE-T Nibble Transmit Timing Diagram
TXCLK
tTXh
tTXS
TXD [0:3],
TXEN, TXER
t2
t1
CRS
10TX+/-
39
tTXpd
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
9.4.12 MII 10BASE-T Receive Nibble Timing Parameters
Symbol
tRXs
tRXh
tRXpd
t1
t2
t3
t4
Parameter
RXD [0:3], RXDV, RXER Setup To RXCLK High
RXD [0:3], RXDV, RXER Hold From RXCLK High
RX+/- To RXD [0:3] Out (Rx Latency)
CRS Asserted To RXD [0:3], RXDV, RXER,Asserted
CRS De-asserted To RXD [0:3], RXDV,
RXER,De-asserted
RXI In To CRS Asserted
RXI Quiet To CRS De-asserted
Min.
5
5
1
-
Typ.
7
14
-
Max.
20
3
Unit
ns
ns
BT
BT
BT
1
1
2
10
4
15
BT
BT
Conditions
9.4.13 MII 10BASE-T Receive Nibble Timing Diagram
RXCLK
tTXpd
tRXS tRXh
RXD [0:3],
RXDV, RXER
t1
t2
t4
CRS
t3
RX+/-
9.4.14 Auto-negotiation and Fast Link Pulse Timing Parameters
Symbol
t1
t2
t3
t4
t5
-
Parameter
Clock/Data Pulse Width
Clock Pulse To Data Pulse Period
Clock Pulse To Clock Pulse Period
FLP Burst Width
FLP Burst To FLP Burst Period
Clock/Data Pulses in a Burst
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
Min.
55.5
111
8
17
Typ.
100
62.5
125
2
-
Max.
69.5
139
24
33
Unit
ns
us
us
ms
ms
pulse
Conditions
DATA = 1
40
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
9.4.15 Auto-negotiation and Fast Link Pulse Timing Diagram
Clock Pulse
FAST LINK
PULSES
Data Pulse
Clock Pulse
t1
t1
t2
t3
FLP Burst
FLP Bursts
FLP Burst
t4
t5
9.4.16 RMII Receive Timing Diagram
100 Mb/s Reception with no errors
9.4.17 RMII Transmit Timing Diagram
100 Mb/s Transmission
41
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
9.4.18 RMII Timing Diagram
REF_CLK
TREF
Tsu Thold
TXD[1:0], TX_EN,
RXD[1:0], CRS_DV,
RX_ER
9.4.19 RMII Timing Parameter
Symbol
Fref
Tref%
Tref
Tsu
Thold
Parameter
REF_CLK Frequency
REF_CLK Duty Cycle
REF_CLK Clock Cycle
TXD[1:0], TX_EN, RXD[1:0], CRS_DV, RX_ER
Data Setup to REF_CLK rising edge
TXD[1:0], TX_EN, RXD[1:0], CRS_DV, RX_ER
Data hold from REF_CLK rising edge
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
Min.
49.9985
Typ.
50
Max.
50.0015
Unit
MHz
35
4
20
-
65
-
%
ns
ns
2
-
-
ns
Conditions
30ppm
(1.5KHZ)
30ppm
42
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
9.4.20 Magnetics Selection Guide
Refer to Table 2 for transformer requirements.
Transformers, meeting these requirements, are
available from a variety of magnetic manufacturers.
Designers should test and qualify all magnetics before
Manufacturer
Pulse Engineering
Delta
YCL
Halo
Nano Pulse Inc.
Fil-Mag
Bel Fuse
Valor
Macronics
Bothhand
43
using them in an application. The transformers listed in
Table 2 are electrical equivalents, but may not be
pin-to-pin equivalents.
Part Number
PE-68515, H1078, H1012, H1102
LF8200, LF8221x
20PMT04, 20PMT05, PH163112 , YCL 0303
PH163539 *(HP Auto-MDIX)
TG22-3506ND, TD22-3506G1, TG22-S010ND, TG22-S012ND
TG110-S050N2
NPI 6181-37, NPI 6120-30, NPI 6120-37
NPI 6170-30
PT41715
S558-5999-01, S558-5999-W2
ST6114, ST6118
HS2123, HS2213
TS6121C,16ST8515,16ST1086
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
10. Package Information
unit: inches/mm
LQFP 48L (F.P. 2mm) Outline Dimensions
y
Symbol
Dimensions in inches
Min.
Nom.
Max.
Dimensions in mm
Min.
Nom.
Max.
A
-
-
0.063
-
-
1.60
A1
0.002
-
0.006
0.05
-
0.15
A2
0.053
0.055
0.057
1.35
1.40
1.45
b
0.007
0.009
0.011
0.17
0.22
0.27
b1
0.007
0.008
0.009
0.17
0.20
0.23
C
0.004
-
0.008
0.09
-
0.20
C1
0.004
-
0.006
0.09
-
0.16
D
0.354BSC
9.00BSC
D1
0.276BSC
7.00BSC
E
0.354BSC
9.00BSC
E1
0.276BSC
7.00BSC
e
0.020BSC
0.50BSC
L
0.018
0.024
0.030
0.45
0.60
L1
0.039REF
1.00REF
y
0.003MAX
0.08MAX
Θ
0-12°
0-12°
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008
0.75
Notes:
1. To be determined at seating plane.
2. Dimensions D1 and E 1do not include mold protrusion. D1
and E1 are maximum plastic body size dimensions
including mold mismatch.
3. Dimensions b does not include dambar protrusion. Total in
excess of the b dimension at maximum material condition.
Dambar cannot be located on the lower radius of the foot.
4. Exact shape of each corner is optional.
5. These dimensions apply to the flat section of the lead
between 0.10mm and 0.25mm from the lead tip.
6. A1 is defined as the distance from the seating plane to the
lowest point of the package body.
7. Controlling dimension: millimeter.
8. Reference documents: JEDEC MS-026, BBC.
44
DM9161A
10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet Physical Layer Single Chip Transceiver
11. Order Information
Part Number
DM9161AE
DM9161AEP
Pin Count
48
48
Package
LQFP
LQFP(Pb-Free)
DAVICOM‘s terms and conditions printed on the order
acknowledgment govern all sales by DAVICOM. DAVICOM
will not be bound by any terms inconsistent with these unless
DAVICOM agrees otherwise in writing. Acceptance of the
buyer’s orders shall be based on these terms.
Disclaimer
Company Overview
The information appearing in this publication is believed to be
accurate. Integrated circuits sold by DAVICOM
Semiconductor are covered by the warranty and patent
indemnification, and the provisions stipulated in the terms of
sale only. DAVICOM makes no warranty, express, statutory,
implied or by description, regarding the information in this
publication or regarding the freedom of the described chip(s)
from patent infringement. FURTHER, DAVICOM MAKES
NO WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS
FOR ANY PURPOSE. DAVICOM reserves the right to halt
production or alter the specifications and prices at any time
without notice. Accordingly, the reader is cautioned to verify
that the data sheets and other information in this publication
are current before placing orders. Products described herein
are intended for use in normal commercial applications.
Applications involving unusual environmental or reliability
requirements, e.g. military equipment or medical life support
equipment, are specifically not recommended without
additional processing by DAVICOM for such applications.
Please note that application circuits illustrated in this
document are for reference purposes only.
DAVICOM Semiconductor, Inc. develops and manufactures
integrated circuits for integration into data communication
products. Our mission is to design and produce IC products
that are the industry’s best value for Data, Audio, Video, and
Internet/Intranet applications. To achieve this goal, we have
built an organization that is able to develop chipsets in
response to the evolving technology requirements of our
customers while still delivering products that meet their cost
requirements.
Products
We offer only products that satisfy high performance
requirements and which are compatible with major hardware
and software standards. Our currently available and soon to
be released products are based on our proprietary designs
and deliver high quality, high performance chipsets that
comply with modem communication standards and Ethernet
networking standards.
Contact Windows
For additional information about DAVICOM products, contact the Sales department at:
Headquarters
Hsin-chu Office:
No.6 Li-Hsin Rd. VI, Science-Based
Industrial Park, Hsin-Chu, Taiwan, R.O.C.
TEL: + 886-3-5798797
FAX: + 886-3-5646929
MAIL: sales@davicom.com.tw
HTTP: http://www.davicom.com.tw
WARNING
Conditions beyond those listed for the absolute maximum may destroy or damage the products. In
addition, conditions for sustained periods at near the limits of the operating ranges will stress and may
temporarily (and permanently) affect and damage structure, performance and/or function.
45
Final
Version: DM9161A-DS-F01
February 14, 2008