Design Guide for Rectifier Use A transformer's required secondary A.C. voltage varies greatly with the type of rectifier chosen and filter arrangement. Use the formulas below as a guide based on the D.C. voltage you require and the rectifier/filter chosen. All A.C. voltage references are R.M.S. Don't forget to take into account losses (not included in this guide), especially diode voltage drop. Leave an adequate safety margin for D.C. regulator voltage requirements and minimum operating line voltage. Transformer Current Ratings: A transformer's A.C. current rating needs to be recalculated from the D.C. load current. The required current varies with type of rectifier chosen and filter type. Use the formulas below as a guide, shown for common D.C. supplies. Included in the formulas higher peak to peak capacitor charging current in the filter. Rectifier Selection Notes: When selecting rectifiers remember, average current in a full wave circuit is .5 x I D.C. per diode. In a half wave circuit, average current is equal to I D.C. per diode. A rating at least twice the output current is recommended to cover turn on surge. In full wave circuits, the reverse voltage rating should be in excess of 1.4 x V A.C. In half wave circuits, the reverse voltage rating should be in excess of 2.8 x V A.C. Capacitor Selection Notes: When choosing capacitor voltage, allowances should be made for D.C. voltage rise due to transformer regulation. Remember, R.M.S. ripple current in a filter capacitor can be 2 to 3 times D.C. load current. Capacitor life is greatly increased by reducing it's temperature via less R.M.S. current or reduced ambient temperature. HALF WAVE Resistive Load FULL WAVE Choke Input Load I D.C. I D.C. Pri V A.C. + Pri V A.C. V D.C. Sec V A.C. + + Sec V A.C. V D.C. - V D.C. = 0.45 X Sec. V A.C. I D.C. = 0.64 X Sec. I A.C. V (Peak) D.C. = 0.45 X Sec. V A.C. V (Avg) D.C. = 0.45 X Sec. V A.C. I D.C. = 1.54 X Sec. I A.C. HALF WAVE Capacitor Input Load I D.C. Pri V A.C. Sec V A.C. FULL WAVE BRIDGE Resistive Load + + Pri V A.C. V D.C. I D.C. Sec V A.C. + - V D.C. - V (Peak) D.C. = 1.41 X Sec. V A.C. V (Avg) D.C. = 0.90 X Sec. V A.C. I D.C. = 0.28 X Sec. I A.C. V D.C. = 0.90 X Sec. V A.C. I D.C. = 0.90 X Sec. I A.C. FULL WAVE BRIDGE Capacitor Input Load FULL WAVE Resistive Load I D.C. Pri V A.C. Sec V A.C. + I D.C. Pri V A.C. V D.C. Sec V A.C. + V (Peak) D.C. = 1.41 X Sec. V A.C. V (Avg) D.C. = 0.90 X Sec. V A.C. I D.C. = 0.62 X Sec. I A.C. FULL WAVE BRIDGE Choke Input Load FULL WAVE Capacitor Input Load I D.C. Sec V A.C. V D.C. - V D.C. = 0.45 X Sec. V A.C. I D.C. = 1.27 X Sec. I A.C. Pri V A.C. + + + Pri V A.C. V D.C. I D.C. Sec V A.C. + V (Peak) D.C. = 0.71 X Sec. V A.C. V (Avg) D.C. = 0.45 X Sec. V A.C. I D.C. = 1.00 X Sec. I A.C. AUSTRALIA Queenstown, Australia 61-8-8240-2244 - V (Peak) D.C. = 0.90 X Sec. V A.C. V (Avg) D.C. = 0.90 X Sec. V A.C. I D.C. = 0.94 X Sec. I A.C. EUROPE Basingstoke, UK 01256 812812 + V D.C. CANADA www.hammondmfg.com Guelph, Ontario (519) 822-2960 St. Laurent, Quebec (514) 343-9010 11 Cheektowaga, NY (716) 630-7030 USA © Power Transformer Voltage:

- Similar pages
- WINGS LM2931-5.0
- ETC LM2576T-12FLOWLB03
- NSC LM2594HVN-3.3
- NSC LM2574HVM-12
- ONSEMI LM2594DADJG
- 117G16
- SOHO Rack Cabinet (RCSC Series)
- Single Ended Audiophile - Tube Output
- HAMMOND 148X
- HAMMOND BE5G
- Tube Driver - Interstage (124 Series)
- HAMMOND 125C
- "Auto" - Hard Wired (170 Series)
- Line Transformer - Selection Guide
- Push-Pull Tube Output - Hammond Manufacturing
- Toroidal Straight Isolation - Plug In (178 & 240 Series)