Medium Voltage Thyristor

An
IXYS Company
Provisional Data
Data Sheet Issue:- 1
WESTCODE
Date:- 26 May, 2005
Medium Voltage Thyristor
Types K1351V#600 to K1351V#650
(Development part No.: KX120V#600-650)
Absolute Maximum Ratings
VOLTAGE RATINGS
MAXIMUM
LIMITS
UNITS
Repetitive peak off-state voltage, (note 1)
6000-6500
V
VDSM
Non-repetitive peak off-state voltage, (note 1)
6000-6500
V
VRRM
Repetitive peak reverse voltage, (note 1)
6000-6500
V
VRSM
Non-repetitive peak reverse voltage, (note 1)
6100-6600
V
MAXIMUM
LIMITS
UNITS
VDRM
OTHER RATINGS
IT(AV)M
Maximum average on-state current, Tsink=55°C, (note 2)
1351
A
IT(AV)M
Maximum average on-state current. Tsink=85°C, (note 2)
859
A
IT(AV)M
Maximum average on-state current. Tsink=85°C, (note 3)
526
A
IT(RMS)
Nominal RMS on-state current, Tsink=25°C, (note 2)
2728
A
IT(d.c.)
D.C. on-state current, Tsink=25°C, (note 4)
2419
A
ITSM
Peak non-repetitive surge tp=10ms, Vrm=60%VRRM, (note 5)
14.3
kA
ITSM2
Peak non-repetitive surge tp=10ms, Vrm≤10V, (note 5)
15.8
2
I t capacity for fusing tp=10ms, Vrm=60%VRRM, (note 5)
It
2
2
It
(di/dt)cr
2
I t capacity for fusing tp=10ms, Vrm≤10V, (note 5)
Critical rate of rise of on-state current (Note 6)
kA
1.02×10
6
As
1.25×10
6
As
continuous, 50Hz
75
repetitive, 50Hz, 60s
150
non-repetitive
300
2
2
A/µs
VRGM
Peak reverse gate voltage
5
V
PG(AV)
Mean forward gate power
3
W
PGM
Peak forward gate power
40
W
Tj op
Operating temperature range
-40 to +115
°C
Tstg
Storage temperature range
-40 to +150
°C
Notes:1) De-rating factor of 0.13% per °C is applicable for Tj below 25°C.
2) Double side cooled, single phase; 50Hz, 180° half-sinewave.
3) Single side cooled, single phase; 50Hz, 180° half-sinewave.
4) Double side cooled.
5) Half-sinewave, 115°C Tj initial.
6) VD=67% VDRM, IFG=2A, tr≤0.5µs, Tcase=115°C.
Provisional Data Sheet. Type K1351V#600 to K1351V#650 Issue 1
Page 1 of 11
May, 2005
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
Medium Voltage Thyristor Type K1351V#600-650
Characteristics
MIN.
TYP.
MAX. TEST CONDITIONS (Note 1)
PARAMETER
UNITS
VTM
Maximum peak on-state voltage
-
-
3.20
ITM=3000A
V
VTM
Maximum peak on-state voltage
-
-
3.85
ITM=4050A
V
VT0
Threshold voltage
-
-
1.41
rT
Slope resistance
-
-
0.60
1000
-
-
-
V/µs
100
Rated VDRM
mA
-
100
Rated VRRM
mA
10
-
-
3.0
-
300
-
0.25
Rated VDRM
-
1000
Tj=25°C
mA
0.8
1.5
µs
2.5
4.5
VD=67% VDRM, IT=2000A, di/dt=10A/µs,
IFG=2A, tr=0.5µs, Tj=25°C
-
7200
-
IDRM
Peak off-state current
-
IRRM
Peak reverse current
-
Vtr
On-state recovery voltage
-
VGT
Gate trigger voltage
-
IGT
Gate trigger current
-
VGD
Gate non-trigger voltage
-
IH
Holding current
-
tgd
Gate-controlled turn-on delay time
tgt
Turn-on time
Qrr
Recovered charge
Qra
Recovered charge, 50% Chord
-
4500
4800
Irm
Reverse recovery current
-
210
-
trr
Reverse recovery time, 50% Chord
-
45
-
Turn-off time
-
Tj=25°C
V
V
VD=10V, IT=3A
mA
V
Thermal resistance, junction to heatsink
F
Mounting force
Weight
µC
µC
ITM=2000A, tp=2000µs, di/dt=10A/µs,
Vr=100V
A
µs
ITM=2000A, tp=2000µs, di/dt=10A/µs,
Vr=100V, Vdr=80%VDRM, dVdr/dt=20V/µs
ITM=2000A, tp=2000µs, di/dt=10A/µs,
Vr=100V, Vdr=80%VDRM, dVdr/dt=200V/µs
800
-
-
1000
-
-
-
0.013
Double side cooled
K/W
-
-
0.026
Single side cooled
K/W
27
-
34
-
1000
-
Outline option VC
-
800
-
Outline option VF
(Note 2)
Page 2 of 11
µs
kN
g
Notes:1) Unless otherwise indicated Tj=115°C.
2) For other mounting forces, please consult factory.
Provisional Data Sheet. Type K1351V#600 to K1351V#650 Issue 1
µs
-
RthJK
Wt
IT=3×IT(AV)M, tp=10ms, Tcase=25°C
tq
mΩ
VD=80% VDRM, linear ramp, gate o/c
(dv/dt)cr Critical rate of rise of off-state voltage
V
May, 2005
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
Medium Voltage Thyristor Type K1351V#600-650
Notes on Ratings and Characteristics
1.0 Voltage Grade Table
VDRM VDSM VRRM
V
6000
6200
6400
6500
60
62
64
65
VRSM
V
6100
6300
6500
6600
VD VR
DC V
3000
3100
3200
3250
Voltage Grade
2.0 Extension of Voltage Grades
This report is applicable to other voltage grades when supply has been agreed by Sales/Production.
3.0 De-rating Factor
A blocking voltage de-rating factor of 0.13%/°C is applicable to this device for Tj below 25°C.
4.0 Repetitive dv/dt
5.0 Gate Drive
Standard dv/dt is 1000V/µs.
The nominal requirement for a typical gate drive is illustrated below. An open circuit voltage of at least 30V
is assumed. This gate drive must be applied when using the full di/dt capability of the device.
IGM
4A/µs
IG
tp1
The magnitude of IGM should be between five and ten times IGT, which is shown on page 2. Its duration
(tp1) should be 20µs or sufficient to allow the anode current to reach ten times IL, whichever is greater.
Otherwise, an increase in pulse current could be needed to supply the necessary charge to trigger. The
‘back-porch’ current IG should remain flowing for the same duration as the anode current and have a
magnitude in the order of 1.5 times IGT.
6.0 Frequency Ratings
The curves illustrated in figures 17 & 18 are for guidance only and are superseded by the maximum
ratings shown on page 1. For operation above line frequency, please consult the factory for assistance.
7.0 Rate of rise of on-state current
The maximum un-primed rate of rise of on-state current must not exceed 300A/µs at any time during turnon on a non-repetitive basis. For repetitive performance, the on-state rate of rise of current must not
exceed 150A/µs at any time during turn-on. Note that these values of rate of rise of current apply to the
total device current including that from any local snubber network.
8.0 Square wave frequency ratings
These ratings are given for load component rate of rise of on-state current of 50A/µs.
Provisional Data Sheet. Type K1351V#600 to K1351V#650 Issue 1
Page 3 of 11
May, 2005
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
Medium Voltage Thyristor Type K1351V#600-650
9.0 Computer Modelling Parameters
9.1 Device Dissipation Calculations
I AV
and:
∆T
Rth
WAV =
2
− VT 0 + VT 0 + 4 ⋅ ff 2 ⋅ rT ⋅ WAV
=
2 ⋅ ff 2 ⋅ rT
∆T = T j max − TK
Where VT0=1.41V, rT=0.6mΩ,
Rth = Supplementary thermal impedance, see table below and
ff = Form factor, see table below.
Supplementary Thermal Impedance
Conduction Angle
30°
Square wave Double Side Cooled
0.0167
Square wave Single Side Cooled
0.0296
Sine wave Double Side Cooled
0.0161
Sine wave Single Side Cooled
0.0291
60°
90°
120°
180°
270°
d.c.
0.0160
0.0152
0.0145
0.0141
0.0134
0.0130
0.0290
0.0282
0.0276
0.0271
0.0264
0.0260
0.0153
0.0147
0.0143
0.0130
0.0283
0.0278
0.0273
0.0260
Form Factors
Conduction Angle
30°
60°
90°
120°
180°
270°
d.c.
Square wave
3.464
2.449
2
1.732
1.414
1.149
1
3.98
2.778
2.22
1.879
1.57
Sine wave
9.2 D.C. Thermal Impedance Calculation
−t

τ
rt = ∑ rp ⋅ 1 − e p

p =1

p=n
Where p = 1 to n, n is the number of terms in the series and:
t = Duration of heating pulse in seconds.
rt = Thermal resistance at time t.
rp = Amplitude of pth term.
τp = Time Constant of rth term.




The coefficients for this device are shown in the tables below:
D.C. Double Side Cooled
1
Term
-3
2
3
-3
-3
rp
7.871203×10
3.460127×10
1.478746×10
τp
0.3818344
0.1099644
5.286858×10
-3
D.C. Single Side Cooled
Term
1
2
3
rp
0.01382285
4.920898×10
τp
2.409342
1.211641
Provisional Data Sheet. Type K1351V#600 to K1351V#650 Issue 1
-3
Page 4 of 11
4
-3
-3
5.321873×10
1.746422×10
0.1443263
6.258445×10
-3
May, 2005
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
Medium Voltage Thyristor Type K1351V#600-650
9.3 Calculating VT using ABCD Coefficients
The on-state characteristic IT vs. VT, on page 6 is represented in two ways;
(i)
the well established VT0 and rT tangent used for rating purposes and
(ii)
a set of constants A, B, C, D, forming the coefficients of the representative equation for VT in
terms of IT given below:
VT = A + B ⋅ ln (I T ) + C ⋅ I T + D ⋅ I T
25°C Coefficients
The constants, derived by curve fitting software, are given below for both hot and cold characteristics. The
resulting values for VT agree with the true device characteristic over a current range, which is limited to
that plotted.
115°C Coefficients
A
2.974069977
A
-0.149843723
B
-0.3289658
B
0.3620034
C
8.160760×10
D
-0.03645489
-4
C
2.412020×10
D
0.03081106
10.0 Snubber Components
-4
When selecting snubber components, care must be taken not to use excessively large values of snubber
capacitor or excessively small values of snubber resistor. Such excessive component values may lead to
device damage due to the large resultant values of snubber discharge current. If required, please consult
the factory for assistance.
11.0 Reverse recovery ratings
(i)
Qra is based on 50% Irm chord as shown in Fig. 1
(ii)
Qrr is based on a 150µs integration time i.e.
150 µs
∫i
.dt
Qrr =
rr
0
(iii)
K Factor =
t1
t2
Fig. 1
12.0 Duty cycle lines
The 100% duty cycle is represented on the frequency ratings by a straight line. Other duties can be
included as parallel to the first.
Provisional Data Sheet. Type K1351V#600 to K1351V#650 Issue 1
Page 5 of 11
May, 2005
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
Medium Voltage Thyristor Type K1351V#600-650
Curves
Figure 2 - Transient thermal impedance
0.1
10000
K1351V#600-650
AD Issue 1
Tj = 25°C
K1351V#600-650
AD Issue 1
SSC 0.026K/W
Tj = 115°C
DSC 0.013K/W
Transient thermal impedance (K/W)
0.01
Instantaneous On-state current - I TM (A)
Figure 1 - On-state characteristics of Limit device
1000
0.001
0.0001
100
0
1
0.00001
2
3
4
5
6
0.000001
1E-05 0.0001
7
Instantaneous On-state voltage - VTM (V)
Figure 3 - Gate characteristics - Trigger limits
6
K1351V#600-650
AD Issue 1
Tj=25°C
0.001
0.01
0.1
1
10
100
Time (s)
Figure 4 - Gate characteristics - Power curves
14
K1351V#600-650
AD Issue 1
Tj=25°C
12
5
Max VG dc
10
Max VG dc
Gate Voltage - VG (V)
Gate Voltage - VG (V)
4
IGT, VGT
3
8
PG Max 40W dc
6
4
-40°C
-10°C
25°C
125°C
2
1
2
Min VG dc
IGD, VGD
0
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
0
0
1
Gate Current - IG (A)
Provisional Data Sheet. Type K1351V#600 to K1351V#650 Issue 1
Min VG dc
PG 3W dc
2
4
6
8
10
Gate Current - IG (A)
Page 6 of 11
May, 2005
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
Medium Voltage Thyristor Type K1351V#600-650
100000
Figure 6 - Recovered charge, Qra (50% chord)
Figure 5 - Total recovered charge, Qrr
10000
K1351V#600-650
AD Issue 1
Tj=115°C
K1351V#600-650
AD Issue 1
Tj=115°C
4000A
2000A
1000A
1000
10000
Recovered charge, 50% chord - Q ra (µC)
4000A
2000A
1000A
500A
Total recovered charge - Qrr (µC)
500A
1000
1
10
100
1000
1
10
di/dt (A/µs)
Figure 7 - Peak reverse recovery current, Irm
10000
1000
Reverse recovery time, 50% chord - t rr (µs)
Reverse recovery current - I rm (A)
4000A
2000A
1000A
500A
100
10
100
100
4000A
2000A
1000A
500A
10
1
1000
10
100
1000
di/dt (A/µs)
di/dt (A/µs)
Provisional Data Sheet. Type K1351V#600 to K1351V#650 Issue 1
K1351V#600-650
AD Issue 1
Tj=115°C
1
10
1
1000
Figure 8 - Maximum recovery time, trr (50% chord)
K1351V#600-650
AD Issue 1
Tj=115°C
1000
100
di/dt (A/µs)
Page 7 of 11
May, 2005
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
Medium Voltage Thyristor Type K1351V#600-650
8000
Figure 10 – On-state current vs. Heatsink
temperature - Double Side Cooled (Sine wave)
125
K1351V#600-650
AD Issue 1
K1351V#600-650
AD Issue 1
180°
7000
120°
100
90°
Maximum permissable heatsink temperature (°C)
60°
6000
30°
Maximum forward dissipation (W)
Figure 9 – On-state current vs. Power dissipation –
Double Side Cooled (Sine wave)
5000
4000
3000
2000
75
50
25
0
30°
1000
90° 120°
180°
0
0
500
1000
1500
0
2000
Mean forward current (A) (Whole cycle averaged)
8000
K1351V#600-650
AD Issue 1
125
Maximum permissible heatsink temperature (°C)
5000
d.c.
270°
180°
120°
90°
60°
30°
3000
1500
2000
K1351V#600-650
AD Issue 1
100
6000
4000
1000
Figure 12 – On-state current vs. Heatsink
temperature – Double Side Cooled (Square wave)
7000
500
Mean forward current (A) (Whole cycle averaged)
Figure 11 – On-state current vs. Power dissipation
– Double Side Cooled (Square wave)
Maximum forward dissipation (W)
60°
2000
75
30°
60°
90°
120°
180°
270°
d.c.
50
25
1000
0
0
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
0
3000
Provisional Data Sheet. Type K1351V#600 to K1351V#650 Issue 1
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
Mean Forward Current (Amps) (Whole Cycle Averaged)
Mean Forward Current (Amps) (Whole Cycle Averaged)
Page 8 of 11
May, 2005
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
Medium Voltage Thyristor Type K1351V#600-650
4000
Figure 14 – On-state current vs. Heatsink
temperature – Single Side Cooled (Sine wave)
125
K1351V#600-650
AD Issue 1
K1351V#600-650
AD Issue 1
180°
3500
60°
90°
120°
100
Maximum permissable heatsink temperature (°C)
30°
3000
Maximum forward dissipation (W)
Figure 13 – On-state current vs. Power dissipation
– Single Side Cooled (Sine wave)
2500
2000
1500
1000
75
50
25
0
30°
500
90° 120°
180°
0
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
0
Mean forward current (A) (Whole cycle averaged)
4000
K1351V#600-650
AD Issue 1
125
Maximum permissible heatsink temperature (°C)
2500
d.c.
270°
180°
120°
90°
60°
30°
1500
600
800
1000
1200
K1351V#600-650
AD Issue 1
100
3000
2000
400
Figure 16 – On-state current vs. Heatsink
temperature – Single Side Cooled (Square wave)
3500
200
Mean forward current (A) (Whole cycle averaged)
Figure 15 – On-state current vs. Power dissipation
– Single Side Cooled (Square wave)
Maximum forward dissipation (W)
60°
1000
75
30°
60°
90°
120°
180°
270°
d.c.
50
25
500
0
0
0
500
1000
1500
0
2000
Provisional Data Sheet. Type K1351V#600 to K1351V#650 Issue 1
500
1000
1500
2000
Mean Forward Current (Amps) (Whole Cycle Averaged)
Mean Forward Current (Amps) (Whole Cycle Averaged)
Page 9 of 11
May, 2005
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
Medium Voltage Thyristor Type K1351V#600-650
1.00E+05
Figure 18 – Sine Wave Frequency Ratings
1.00E+05
K1351V#600-650
AD Issue 1
TK=55°C
500A
K1351V#600-650
AD Issue 1
TK=55°C
di/dt=50A/µs
1.00E+04
Figure 17 – Square Wave Frequency Ratings
500A
100% Duty Cycle
1.00E+04
1kA
100% Duty Cycle
1kA
1.5kA
Frequency (Hz)
Frequency (Hz)
1.5kA
2kA
1.00E+03
3kA
4kA
5kA
2kA
1.00E+03
3kA
4kA
5kA
1.00E+02
1.00E+01
1.00E-05
1.00E+02
1.00E-04
1.00E-03
1.00E+01
1.00E-05
1.00E-02
1.00E-04
di/dt (A/µs)
1.00E-03
1.00E-02
di/dt (A/µs)
2
Figure 19 - Maximum surge and I t Ratings
1.00E+07
2
I t: VRRM ≤10V
2
I t: 60% VRRM
1.00E+06
10000
1000
1
3
5
10
1
Duration of surge (ms)
Provisional Data Sheet. Type K1351V#600 to K1351V#650 Issue 1
ITSM: VRRM ≤10V
Maximum I2t (A2s)
Total peak half sine surge current (A)
100000
ITSM: 60% VRRM
Tj (initial) = 115°C
K1351V#600-650
AD Issue 1
5
10
50
100
1.00E+05
Duration of surge (cycles @ 50Hz)
Page 10 of 11
May, 2005
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
Medium Voltage Thyristor Type K1351V#600-650
Outline Drawing & Ordering Information
101A314
Outline option VC
ORDERING INFORMATION
K1351
Outline option VF
(Please quote 10 digit code as below)
♦♦
VC or VF
Outline code
Voltage code
VC=34mm height
VRRM/100
60-65
VF=27mm height
Typical order code: K1351VC640 – 6400V VDRM, VRRM, 34mm clamp height capsule.
Fixed
Type Code
IXYS Semiconductor GmbH
Edisonstraße 15
D-68623 Lampertheim
Tel: +49 6206 503-0
Fax: +49 6206 503-627
E-mail: [email protected]
IXYS Corporation
3540 Bassett Street
Santa Clara CA 95054 USA
Tel: +1 (408) 982 0700
Fax: +1 (408) 496 0670
E-mail: [email protected]
WESTCODE
An
IXYS Company
www.westcode.com
www.ixys.net
The information contained herein is confidential and is protected by Copyright. The information may not be used or disclosed except with
the written permission of and in the manner permitted by the proprietors Westcode Semiconductors Ltd.
0
Fixed turn-off
time code
Westcode Semiconductors Ltd
Langley Park Way, Langley Park,
Chippenham, Wiltshire, SN15 1GE.
Tel: +44 (0)1249 444524
Fax: +44 (0)1249 659448
E-mail: [email protected],com
Westcode Semiconductors Inc
3270 Cherry Avenue
Long Beach CA 90807 USA
Tel: +1 (562) 595 6971
Fax: +1 (562) 595 8182
E-mail: [email protected]
© Westcode Semiconductors Ltd.
In the interest of product improvement, Westcode reserves the right to change specifications at any time without prior notice.
Devices with a suffix code (2-letter, 3-letter or letter/digit/letter combination) added to their generic code are not necessarily subject to
the conditions and limits contained in this report.
Provisional Data Sheet. Type K1351V#600 to K1351V#650 Issue 1
Page 11 of 11
May, 2005