E4000TC25C

WESTCODE
An
Date:- 22 March, 2011
Data Sheet Issue:- A1
IXYS Company
Advance Data
High Power Sonic FRD
Type E4000TC25C
Absolute Maximum Ratings
VOLTAGE RATINGS
MAXIMUM
LIMITS
UNITS
VRRM
Repetitive peak reverse voltage, (note 1)
2500
V
VRSM
Non-repetitive peak reverse voltage, (note 1)
2600
V
VR(d.c.)
Maximum reverse d.c. voltage (note 1)
1500
V
MAXIMUM
LIMITS
UNITS
OTHER RATINGS (note 6)
IF(AV)M
Mean forward current, Tsink=55°C, (note 2)
4080
A
IF(AV)M
Mean forward current. Tsink=100°C, (note 2)
2630
A
IF(AV)M
Mean forward current. Tsink=100°C, (note 3)
1572
A
IF(RMS)
Nominal RMS forward current, Tsink=25°C, (note 2)
7662
A
IF(d.c.)
D.C. forward current, Tsink=25°C, (note 4)
6557
A
IFSM
Peak non-repetitive surge tp=10ms, VRM=60%VRRM, (note 5)
50
kA
IFSM2
Peak non-repetitive surge tp=10ms, VRM≤10V, (note 5)
55
2
2
kA
It
I t capacity for fusing tp=10ms, VRM=60%VRRM, (note 5)
12.5×10
A2s
I2 t
I2t capacity for fusing tp=10ms, VRM≤10V, (note 5)
15.1×10-6
A2s
Prr
Maximum non-repetitive peak reverse recovery power, (note 7)
15
MW
Tj op
Operating temperature range
-40 to +150
°C
Tstg
Storage temperature range
-40 to +150
°C
-6
Notes:1) De-rating factor of 0.13% per °C is applicable for Tj below 25°C.
2) Double side cooled, single phase; 50Hz, 180° half-sinewave.
3) Single side cooled, single phase; 50Hz, 180° half-sinewave.
4) Double side cooled.
5) Half-sinewave, 150°C Tj initial.
6) Current (IF) ratings have been calculated using VT0 and rT (see page 2)
7) Tj=Tjop, IF=2250A, di/dt=2500A/µs Vr=1250V and Ls=200nH. Test circuit and sample waveform are shown in
diagram 1. IGBT type T2250AB25E used as switch.
Provisional Data Sheet. Type E4000TC25C Issue A1
Page 1 of 11
March, 2011
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
High Power Sonic FRD Type E4000TC25C
Characteristics
PARAMETER
MIN.
TYP.
MAX. TEST CONDITIONS (Note 1)
-
1.87
2.0
IFM=4000A
-
-
2.66
IFM=8000A
UNITS
VFM
Maximum peak forward voltage
VT0
Threshold voltage
-
-
1.406
rT
Slope resistance
-
-
0.149
VT01
Threshold voltage
-
-
1.4
rT1
Slope resistance
-
-
0.15
VFRM
Maximum forward recovery voltage
-
-
50
di/dt = 3000A/µs
-
-
25
di/dt = 3000A/µs, Tj=25°C
IRRM
Peak reverse current
-
-
100
Rated VRRM
-
-
10
Rated VRRM, Tj=25°C
Qrr
Recovered charge
-
6700
7400
Qra
Recovered charge, 50% Chord
-
3100
-
Irm
Reverse recovery current
-
2480
2700
trr
Reverse recovery time, 50% Chord
-
2.5
-
RthJK
-
-
0.008
Double side cooled
K/W
Thermal resistance, junction to heatsink
-
-
0.016
Single side cooled
K/W
F
Mounting force
60
-
75
Wt
Weight
-
1.23
-
V
Current range 4080 A - 12240A (Note 2)
mΩ
V
Current range 4000A - 12000A
mΩ
V
mA
µC
IFM=4000A, tp=1ms, di/dt=3500A/µs,
Vr=1250V, 50% and Ls=200nH. IGBT type
T2250AB25E used as switch. (note 3)
Page 2 of 11
µC
A
µs
(Note 4)
kN
kg
Notes:1) Unless otherwise indicated Tj=150°C.
2) VT0 and rT were used to calculate the current ratings illustrated on page one.
3) Figures 3-7 were compiled using these conditions. Test circuit and sample waveform are shown in
diagram 1.
4) For clamp forces outside these limits, please consult factory.
Provisional Data Sheet. Type E4000TC25C Issue A1
V
March, 2011
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
High Power Sonic FRD Type E4000TC25C
Additional information on Ratings and Characteristics
1.0 De-rating Factor
A blocking voltage de-rating factor of 0.13% per °C is applicable to this device for Tj below 25°C.
2.0 ABCD Constants
These constants (applicable only over current range of VF characteristic in Figure 1) are the coefficients
of the expression for the forward characteristic given below:
VF = A + B ⋅ ln( I F ) + C ⋅ I F + D ⋅ I F
where IF = instantaneous forward current.
3.0 Reverse recovery ratings
Diagram 1 – Reverse Recovery test circuit and sample waveform
LS
IG
D.U.T
(i) Qra is based on 50% Irm chord as shown in Figure below.
(ii) Qrr is based on a 150µs integration time.
150 µs
I.e.
Qrr =
∫i
rr
.dt
0
(iii)
Provisional Data Sheet. Type E4000TC25C Issue A1
K Factor =
t1
t2
Page 3 of 11
March, 2011
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
High Power Sonic FRD Type E4000TC25C
4.0 Reverse Recovery Loss
The following procedure is recommended for use where it is necessary to include reverse recovery loss.
From waveforms of recovery current obtained from a high frequency shunt (see Note 1) and reverse
voltage present during recovery, an instantaneous reverse recovery loss waveform must be constructed.
Let the area under this waveform be E joules per pulse. A new sink temperature can then be evaluated
from:
[
TSINK = TJ ( MAX ) − E ⋅ k + f ⋅ Rth ( J − Hs )
]
Where k = 0.2314 (°C/W)/s
E = Area under reverse loss waveform per pulse in joules (W.s.)
f = Rated frequency in Hz at the original sink temperature.
Rth(J-Hs) = d.c. thermal resistance (°C/W)
The total dissipation is now given by:
W( tot ) = W( original ) + E ⋅ f
NOTE 1 - Reverse Recovery Loss by Measurement
This device has a low reverse recovered charge and peak reverse recovery current. When measuring the
charge, care must be taken to ensure that:
(a) AC coupled devices such as current transformers are not affected by prior passage of high
amplitude forward current.
(b) A suitable, polarised, clipping circuit must be connected to the input of the measuring oscilloscope
to avoid overloading the internal amplifiers by the relatively high amplitude forward current signal.
(c) Measurement of reverse recovery waveform should be carried out with an appropriate critically
damped snubber, connected across diode anode to cathode. The formula used for the calculation of this
snubber is shown below:
R2 = 4 ⋅
Where:
Vr
Cs ⋅ di
dt
Vr = Commutating source voltage
CS = Snubber capacitance
R = Snubber resistance
5.0 Computer Modelling Parameters
5.1 Device Dissipation Calculations
− VT 0 + VT 0 + 4 ⋅ ff 2 ⋅ rT ⋅ WAV
=
2 ⋅ ff 2 ⋅ rT
2
I AV
Where VT0 =1.406V, rT =0.149mΩ
Provisional Data Sheet. Type E4000TC25C Issue A1
Page 4 of 11
March, 2011
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
High Power Sonic FRD Type E4000TC25C
ff = form factor (normally unity for fast diode applications)
WAV =
∆T
Rth
∆T = T j ( MAX ) − TK
5.2 Calculation of VF using ABCD Coefficients
The forward characteristic IF Vs VF, on page 6 is represented in two ways;
(i)
the well established VT0 and rT tangent used for rating purposes and
(ii)
a set of constants A, B, C, and D forming the coefficients of the representative equation for VF in
terms of IF given below:
VF = A + B ⋅ ln(I F ) + C ⋅ I F + D ⋅ I F
The constants, derived by curve fitting software, are given in this report for both hot and cold
characteristics. The resulting values for VF agree with the true device characteristic over a current range,
which is limited to that plotted.
A
25°C Coefficients
150°C Coefficients
0.6303658
0.2906166
B
3.745470×10
-2
5.054005×10-2
C
4.279123×10-5
3.953989×10-5
D
1.319665×10-2
1.785807×10-2
Provisional Data Sheet. Type E4000TC25C Issue A1
Page 5 of 11
March, 2011
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
High Power Sonic FRD Type E4000TC25C
Curves
Figure 1 – Forward characteristics of limit device
Figure 2 – Maximum forward recovery voltage
100000
100
E4000TC25C
issue A1
E4000TC25C
issue A1
150°C
25°C
150°C
Maximum forward recovery voltage - VFRM (V)
Instantaneous forward current - I FM (A)
10000
1000
100
10
0
1
2
3
4
25°C
10
1
100
5
Maximum instantaneous forward voltage - V FM (V)
Figure 3 - Recovered charge, Qrr
10000
1000
10000
Rate of rise of forward current - di/dt (A/µs)
Figure 4 - Recovered charge, Qra (50% chord)
10000
E4000TC25C
issue A1
E4000TC25C
issue A1
4000A
T j = 150°C
T j = 150°C
3000A
2000A
1000A
4000A
3000A
Total recovered charge - Qra (µC)
Total recovered charge - Qrr (µC)
2000A
1000
100
100
1000
10000
Commutation rate - di/dt (A/µs)
Provisional Data Sheet. Type E4000TC25C Issue A1
1000A
1000
100
100
1000
10000
Commutation rate - di/dt (A/µs)
Page 6 of 11
March, 2011
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
High Power Sonic FRD Type E4000TC25C
Figure 5 - Maximum reverse current, Irm
Figure 6 – Maximum recovery time, trr (50% chord)
10000
10
E4000TC25C
issue A1
Tj = 150°C
4000A
3000A
2000A
1000A
Recovery time - trr, 50% chord (µs)
Reverse recovery current - Irm (A)
E4000TC25C
issue A1
Tj = 150°C
1000
4000A
3000A
2000A
1000A
100
100
1000
1
100
10000
1000
Commutation rate - di/dt (A/µs)
10000
Commutation rate - di/dt (A/µs)
Figure 7 – Reverse recovery energy per pulse
Figure 8 – Sine wave energy per pulse
10
1.0E+04
E4000TC25C
issue A1
E4000TC25C
issue A1
T j = 150°C
T j = 150°C
1.0E+03
4000A
3000A
2000A
Energy per pulse - Er (J)
1.0E+02
Energy per pulse (J)
1000A
10000A
1.0E+01
8000A
6000A
1.0E+00
4000A
2000A
1.0E-01
1
100
1000
10000
Commutation rate - di/dt (A/µs)
Provisional Data Sheet. Type E4000TC25C Issue A1
1000A
1.0E-02
1.0E-05
1.0E-04
1.0E-03
1.0E-02
Pulse w idth (s)
Page 7 of 11
March, 2011
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
High Power Sonic FRD Type E4000TC25C
Figure 9 - Sine wave frequency vs. pulse width
Figure 10 – Sine wave frequency vs. pulse width
1.0E+05
1.0E+05
E4000TC25C
issue A1
TK = 85°C
E4000TC25C
issue A1
T K = 55°C
1000A
2000A
100% Duty Cycle
100% Duty Cycle
2000A
1.0E+04
1.0E+04
4000A
4000A
Frequency (Hz)
Frequency (Hz)
6000A
8000A
10000A
1.0E+03
1.0E+02
6000A
8000A
1.0E+03
10000A
1.0E+02
1.0E+01
1.0E-05
1.0E-04
1.0E-03
1.0E+01
1.0E-05
1.0E-02
1.0E-04
Pulse width (s)
Figure 11 - Square wave energy per puls
1.0E+03
1.0E-03
1.0E-02
Pulse width (s)
Figure 12 – Square wave energy per pulse
1.0E+03
E4000TC25C
issue A1
E4000TC25C
issue A1
di/dt =100A/µs
di/dt =500A/µs
Tj = 150°C
T j = 150°C
1.0E+02
1.0E+02
Energy per pulse (J)
Energy per pulse (J)
10000A
1.0E+01
8000A
6000A
4000A
1.0E+00
1.0E+01
10000A
8000A
6000A
2000A
4000A
1000A
1.0E+00
2000A
1.0E-01
1000A
1.0E-02
1.0E-05
1.0E-04
1.0E-03
1.0E-02
Pulse width (s)
Provisional Data Sheet. Type E4000TC25C Issue A1
1.0E-01
1.0E-05
1.0E-04
1.0E-03
1.0E-02
Pulse width (s)
Page 8 of 11
March, 2011
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
High Power Sonic FRD Type E4000TC25C
Figure 13 - Square wave frequency vs pulse width
Figure 14 – Square wave frequency vs pulse width
1.0E+05
1.0E+05
E4000TC25C
issue A1
E4000TC25C
issue A1
di/dt =100A/µs
T K =55°C
di/dt =100A/µs
T K = 85°C
2000A
100% Duty Cycle
1.0E+04
1.0E+04
100% Duty Cycle
4000A
4000A
Frequency (Hz)
Frequency (Hz)
6000A
8000A
1.0E+03
10000A
1.0E+02
6000A
8000A
1.0E+03
10000A
1.0E+02
1.0E+01
1.0E-05
1.0E-04
1.0E-03
1.0E+01
1.0E-05
1.0E-02
1.0E-04
1.0E-03
Pulse w idth (s)
Pulse width (s)
Figure 15 - Square wave frequency vs pulse width
1.0E-02
Figure 16 – Square wave frequency vs pulse width
1.0E+05
1.0E+05
E4000TC25C
issue A1
E4000TC25C
issue A1
di/dt =500A/µs
di/dt =500A/µs
T K = 55°C
1000A
T K = 85°C
1000A
100% Duty Cycle
100% Duty Cycle
1.0E+03
4000A
6000A
8000A
10000A
1.0E+03
4000A
6000A
8000A
10000A
1.0E+02
1.0E+01
1.0E-05
2000A
1.0E+04
Frequency (Hz)
Frequency (Hz)
1.0E+04
2000A
1.0E+02
1.0E-04
1.0E-03
Pulse width (s)
Provisional Data Sheet. Type E4000TC25C Issue A1
1.0E-02
Page 9 of 11
1.0E+01
1.0E-05
1.0E-04
1.0E-03
Pulse width (s)
1.0E-02
March, 2011
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
High Power Sonic FRD Type E4000TC25C
Figure 17 – Safe operating area
Figure 18 – Transient thermal impedance
0.1
25000
E4000TC25C
issue A1
E4000TC25C
issue A1
Tj = 150°C
DSC 0.016
20000
0.01
Thermal impedance (K/W)
Reverse recovery current - Ir (A)
DSC 0.008
15000
10000
0.001
5000
0
0
500
1000
1500
2000
0.0001
0.0001
2500
0.001
0.01
Reverse recovery voltage - Vr (V)
0.1
1
10
100
Time (s)
Figure 19 – Maximum surge and I2t ratings
1.00E+09
Tj (initial) = 150°C
E4000TC25C
issue A1
I2t: VRRM≤10V
1.00E+08
2
100000
Maximum I t (A s)
2
I t: VR=60% VRRM
2
Total peak half sine surge current - IFSM (A)
1000000
IFSM: VRRM≤10V
10000
1000
IFSM: VR=60% VRRM
1
3
5
10
Duration of surge (ms)
Provisional Data Sheet. Type E4000TC25C Issue A1
1
5
10
50 100
1.00E+07
1.00E+06
Duration of surge (cycles @ 50Hz)
Page 10 of 11
March, 2011
WESTCODE An IXYS Company
High Power Sonic FRD Type E4000TC25C
Outline Drawing & Ordering Information
100A330
ORDERING INFORMATION
E4000
Fixed
Type Code
(Please quote 10 digit code as below)
TC
25
C
Fixed
outline code
Fixed voltage code
VRRM/100
25
Fixed code, product series
Order code: E4000TC25C – 2500V VRRM, 26mm clamp height capsule.
IXYS Semiconductor GmbH
Edisonstraße 15,
D-68623 Lampertheim
Tel: +49 6206 503-0
Fax: +49 6206 503-627
E-mail: [email protected]
WESTCODE
An
IXYS Corporation
1590 Buckeye Drive
Milpitas CA 95035-7418
Tel: +1 (408) 457 9000
Fax: +1 (408) 496 0670
E-mail: [email protected]
IXYS Company
Westcode Semiconductors Ltd
Langley Park Way, Langley Park,
Chippenham, Wiltshire, SN15 1GE.
Tel: +44 (0)1249 444524
Fax: +44 (0)1249 659448
E-mail: [email protected],com
www.westcode.com
www.ixys.com
The information contained herein is confidential and is protected by Copyright. The information may not be used or disclosed
except with the written permission of and in the manner permitted by the proprietors Westcode Semiconductors Ltd.
IXYS Long Beach
IXYS Long Beach, Inc
2500 Mira Mar Ave, Long Beach
CA 90815
Tel: +1 (562) 296 6584
Fax: +1 (562) 296 6585
E-mail: [email protected]
© Westcode Semiconductors Ltd.
In the interest of product improvement, Westcode reserves the right to change specifications at any time without prior notice.
Devices with a suffix code (2-letter, 3-letter or letter/digit/letter combination) added to their generic code are not necessarily
subject to the conditions and limits contained in this report.
Provisional Data Sheet. Type E4000TC25C Issue A1
Page 11 of 11
March, 2011