WESTCODE An Date:- 22 March, 2011 Data Sheet Issue:- A1 IXYS Company Advance Data High Power Sonic FRD Type E4000TC25C Absolute Maximum Ratings VOLTAGE RATINGS MAXIMUM LIMITS UNITS VRRM Repetitive peak reverse voltage, (note 1) 2500 V VRSM Non-repetitive peak reverse voltage, (note 1) 2600 V VR(d.c.) Maximum reverse d.c. voltage (note 1) 1500 V MAXIMUM LIMITS UNITS OTHER RATINGS (note 6) IF(AV)M Mean forward current, Tsink=55°C, (note 2) 4080 A IF(AV)M Mean forward current. Tsink=100°C, (note 2) 2630 A IF(AV)M Mean forward current. Tsink=100°C, (note 3) 1572 A IF(RMS) Nominal RMS forward current, Tsink=25°C, (note 2) 7662 A IF(d.c.) D.C. forward current, Tsink=25°C, (note 4) 6557 A IFSM Peak non-repetitive surge tp=10ms, VRM=60%VRRM, (note 5) 50 kA IFSM2 Peak non-repetitive surge tp=10ms, VRM≤10V, (note 5) 55 2 2 kA It I t capacity for fusing tp=10ms, VRM=60%VRRM, (note 5) 12.5×10 A2s I2 t I2t capacity for fusing tp=10ms, VRM≤10V, (note 5) 15.1×10-6 A2s Prr Maximum non-repetitive peak reverse recovery power, (note 7) 15 MW Tj op Operating temperature range -40 to +150 °C Tstg Storage temperature range -40 to +150 °C -6 Notes:1) De-rating factor of 0.13% per °C is applicable for Tj below 25°C. 2) Double side cooled, single phase; 50Hz, 180° half-sinewave. 3) Single side cooled, single phase; 50Hz, 180° half-sinewave. 4) Double side cooled. 5) Half-sinewave, 150°C Tj initial. 6) Current (IF) ratings have been calculated using VT0 and rT (see page 2) 7) Tj=Tjop, IF=2250A, di/dt=2500A/µs Vr=1250V and Ls=200nH. Test circuit and sample waveform are shown in diagram 1. IGBT type T2250AB25E used as switch. Provisional Data Sheet. Type E4000TC25C Issue A1 Page 1 of 11 March, 2011 WESTCODE An IXYS Company High Power Sonic FRD Type E4000TC25C Characteristics PARAMETER MIN. TYP. MAX. TEST CONDITIONS (Note 1) - 1.87 2.0 IFM=4000A - - 2.66 IFM=8000A UNITS VFM Maximum peak forward voltage VT0 Threshold voltage - - 1.406 rT Slope resistance - - 0.149 VT01 Threshold voltage - - 1.4 rT1 Slope resistance - - 0.15 VFRM Maximum forward recovery voltage - - 50 di/dt = 3000A/µs - - 25 di/dt = 3000A/µs, Tj=25°C IRRM Peak reverse current - - 100 Rated VRRM - - 10 Rated VRRM, Tj=25°C Qrr Recovered charge - 6700 7400 Qra Recovered charge, 50% Chord - 3100 - Irm Reverse recovery current - 2480 2700 trr Reverse recovery time, 50% Chord - 2.5 - RthJK - - 0.008 Double side cooled K/W Thermal resistance, junction to heatsink - - 0.016 Single side cooled K/W F Mounting force 60 - 75 Wt Weight - 1.23 - V Current range 4080 A - 12240A (Note 2) mΩ V Current range 4000A - 12000A mΩ V mA µC IFM=4000A, tp=1ms, di/dt=3500A/µs, Vr=1250V, 50% and Ls=200nH. IGBT type T2250AB25E used as switch. (note 3) Page 2 of 11 µC A µs (Note 4) kN kg Notes:1) Unless otherwise indicated Tj=150°C. 2) VT0 and rT were used to calculate the current ratings illustrated on page one. 3) Figures 3-7 were compiled using these conditions. Test circuit and sample waveform are shown in diagram 1. 4) For clamp forces outside these limits, please consult factory. Provisional Data Sheet. Type E4000TC25C Issue A1 V March, 2011 WESTCODE An IXYS Company High Power Sonic FRD Type E4000TC25C Additional information on Ratings and Characteristics 1.0 De-rating Factor A blocking voltage de-rating factor of 0.13% per °C is applicable to this device for Tj below 25°C. 2.0 ABCD Constants These constants (applicable only over current range of VF characteristic in Figure 1) are the coefficients of the expression for the forward characteristic given below: VF = A + B ⋅ ln( I F ) + C ⋅ I F + D ⋅ I F where IF = instantaneous forward current. 3.0 Reverse recovery ratings Diagram 1 – Reverse Recovery test circuit and sample waveform LS IG D.U.T (i) Qra is based on 50% Irm chord as shown in Figure below. (ii) Qrr is based on a 150µs integration time. 150 µs I.e. Qrr = ∫i rr .dt 0 (iii) Provisional Data Sheet. Type E4000TC25C Issue A1 K Factor = t1 t2 Page 3 of 11 March, 2011 WESTCODE An IXYS Company High Power Sonic FRD Type E4000TC25C 4.0 Reverse Recovery Loss The following procedure is recommended for use where it is necessary to include reverse recovery loss. From waveforms of recovery current obtained from a high frequency shunt (see Note 1) and reverse voltage present during recovery, an instantaneous reverse recovery loss waveform must be constructed. Let the area under this waveform be E joules per pulse. A new sink temperature can then be evaluated from: [ TSINK = TJ ( MAX ) − E ⋅ k + f ⋅ Rth ( J − Hs ) ] Where k = 0.2314 (°C/W)/s E = Area under reverse loss waveform per pulse in joules (W.s.) f = Rated frequency in Hz at the original sink temperature. Rth(J-Hs) = d.c. thermal resistance (°C/W) The total dissipation is now given by: W( tot ) = W( original ) + E ⋅ f NOTE 1 - Reverse Recovery Loss by Measurement This device has a low reverse recovered charge and peak reverse recovery current. When measuring the charge, care must be taken to ensure that: (a) AC coupled devices such as current transformers are not affected by prior passage of high amplitude forward current. (b) A suitable, polarised, clipping circuit must be connected to the input of the measuring oscilloscope to avoid overloading the internal amplifiers by the relatively high amplitude forward current signal. (c) Measurement of reverse recovery waveform should be carried out with an appropriate critically damped snubber, connected across diode anode to cathode. The formula used for the calculation of this snubber is shown below: R2 = 4 ⋅ Where: Vr Cs ⋅ di dt Vr = Commutating source voltage CS = Snubber capacitance R = Snubber resistance 5.0 Computer Modelling Parameters 5.1 Device Dissipation Calculations − VT 0 + VT 0 + 4 ⋅ ff 2 ⋅ rT ⋅ WAV = 2 ⋅ ff 2 ⋅ rT 2 I AV Where VT0 =1.406V, rT =0.149mΩ Provisional Data Sheet. Type E4000TC25C Issue A1 Page 4 of 11 March, 2011 WESTCODE An IXYS Company High Power Sonic FRD Type E4000TC25C ff = form factor (normally unity for fast diode applications) WAV = ∆T Rth ∆T = T j ( MAX ) − TK 5.2 Calculation of VF using ABCD Coefficients The forward characteristic IF Vs VF, on page 6 is represented in two ways; (i) the well established VT0 and rT tangent used for rating purposes and (ii) a set of constants A, B, C, and D forming the coefficients of the representative equation for VF in terms of IF given below: VF = A + B ⋅ ln(I F ) + C ⋅ I F + D ⋅ I F The constants, derived by curve fitting software, are given in this report for both hot and cold characteristics. The resulting values for VF agree with the true device characteristic over a current range, which is limited to that plotted. A 25°C Coefficients 150°C Coefficients 0.6303658 0.2906166 B 3.745470×10 -2 5.054005×10-2 C 4.279123×10-5 3.953989×10-5 D 1.319665×10-2 1.785807×10-2 Provisional Data Sheet. Type E4000TC25C Issue A1 Page 5 of 11 March, 2011 WESTCODE An IXYS Company High Power Sonic FRD Type E4000TC25C Curves Figure 1 – Forward characteristics of limit device Figure 2 – Maximum forward recovery voltage 100000 100 E4000TC25C issue A1 E4000TC25C issue A1 150°C 25°C 150°C Maximum forward recovery voltage - VFRM (V) Instantaneous forward current - I FM (A) 10000 1000 100 10 0 1 2 3 4 25°C 10 1 100 5 Maximum instantaneous forward voltage - V FM (V) Figure 3 - Recovered charge, Qrr 10000 1000 10000 Rate of rise of forward current - di/dt (A/µs) Figure 4 - Recovered charge, Qra (50% chord) 10000 E4000TC25C issue A1 E4000TC25C issue A1 4000A T j = 150°C T j = 150°C 3000A 2000A 1000A 4000A 3000A Total recovered charge - Qra (µC) Total recovered charge - Qrr (µC) 2000A 1000 100 100 1000 10000 Commutation rate - di/dt (A/µs) Provisional Data Sheet. Type E4000TC25C Issue A1 1000A 1000 100 100 1000 10000 Commutation rate - di/dt (A/µs) Page 6 of 11 March, 2011 WESTCODE An IXYS Company High Power Sonic FRD Type E4000TC25C Figure 5 - Maximum reverse current, Irm Figure 6 – Maximum recovery time, trr (50% chord) 10000 10 E4000TC25C issue A1 Tj = 150°C 4000A 3000A 2000A 1000A Recovery time - trr, 50% chord (µs) Reverse recovery current - Irm (A) E4000TC25C issue A1 Tj = 150°C 1000 4000A 3000A 2000A 1000A 100 100 1000 1 100 10000 1000 Commutation rate - di/dt (A/µs) 10000 Commutation rate - di/dt (A/µs) Figure 7 – Reverse recovery energy per pulse Figure 8 – Sine wave energy per pulse 10 1.0E+04 E4000TC25C issue A1 E4000TC25C issue A1 T j = 150°C T j = 150°C 1.0E+03 4000A 3000A 2000A Energy per pulse - Er (J) 1.0E+02 Energy per pulse (J) 1000A 10000A 1.0E+01 8000A 6000A 1.0E+00 4000A 2000A 1.0E-01 1 100 1000 10000 Commutation rate - di/dt (A/µs) Provisional Data Sheet. Type E4000TC25C Issue A1 1000A 1.0E-02 1.0E-05 1.0E-04 1.0E-03 1.0E-02 Pulse w idth (s) Page 7 of 11 March, 2011 WESTCODE An IXYS Company High Power Sonic FRD Type E4000TC25C Figure 9 - Sine wave frequency vs. pulse width Figure 10 – Sine wave frequency vs. pulse width 1.0E+05 1.0E+05 E4000TC25C issue A1 TK = 85°C E4000TC25C issue A1 T K = 55°C 1000A 2000A 100% Duty Cycle 100% Duty Cycle 2000A 1.0E+04 1.0E+04 4000A 4000A Frequency (Hz) Frequency (Hz) 6000A 8000A 10000A 1.0E+03 1.0E+02 6000A 8000A 1.0E+03 10000A 1.0E+02 1.0E+01 1.0E-05 1.0E-04 1.0E-03 1.0E+01 1.0E-05 1.0E-02 1.0E-04 Pulse width (s) Figure 11 - Square wave energy per puls 1.0E+03 1.0E-03 1.0E-02 Pulse width (s) Figure 12 – Square wave energy per pulse 1.0E+03 E4000TC25C issue A1 E4000TC25C issue A1 di/dt =100A/µs di/dt =500A/µs Tj = 150°C T j = 150°C 1.0E+02 1.0E+02 Energy per pulse (J) Energy per pulse (J) 10000A 1.0E+01 8000A 6000A 4000A 1.0E+00 1.0E+01 10000A 8000A 6000A 2000A 4000A 1000A 1.0E+00 2000A 1.0E-01 1000A 1.0E-02 1.0E-05 1.0E-04 1.0E-03 1.0E-02 Pulse width (s) Provisional Data Sheet. Type E4000TC25C Issue A1 1.0E-01 1.0E-05 1.0E-04 1.0E-03 1.0E-02 Pulse width (s) Page 8 of 11 March, 2011 WESTCODE An IXYS Company High Power Sonic FRD Type E4000TC25C Figure 13 - Square wave frequency vs pulse width Figure 14 – Square wave frequency vs pulse width 1.0E+05 1.0E+05 E4000TC25C issue A1 E4000TC25C issue A1 di/dt =100A/µs T K =55°C di/dt =100A/µs T K = 85°C 2000A 100% Duty Cycle 1.0E+04 1.0E+04 100% Duty Cycle 4000A 4000A Frequency (Hz) Frequency (Hz) 6000A 8000A 1.0E+03 10000A 1.0E+02 6000A 8000A 1.0E+03 10000A 1.0E+02 1.0E+01 1.0E-05 1.0E-04 1.0E-03 1.0E+01 1.0E-05 1.0E-02 1.0E-04 1.0E-03 Pulse w idth (s) Pulse width (s) Figure 15 - Square wave frequency vs pulse width 1.0E-02 Figure 16 – Square wave frequency vs pulse width 1.0E+05 1.0E+05 E4000TC25C issue A1 E4000TC25C issue A1 di/dt =500A/µs di/dt =500A/µs T K = 55°C 1000A T K = 85°C 1000A 100% Duty Cycle 100% Duty Cycle 1.0E+03 4000A 6000A 8000A 10000A 1.0E+03 4000A 6000A 8000A 10000A 1.0E+02 1.0E+01 1.0E-05 2000A 1.0E+04 Frequency (Hz) Frequency (Hz) 1.0E+04 2000A 1.0E+02 1.0E-04 1.0E-03 Pulse width (s) Provisional Data Sheet. Type E4000TC25C Issue A1 1.0E-02 Page 9 of 11 1.0E+01 1.0E-05 1.0E-04 1.0E-03 Pulse width (s) 1.0E-02 March, 2011 WESTCODE An IXYS Company High Power Sonic FRD Type E4000TC25C Figure 17 – Safe operating area Figure 18 – Transient thermal impedance 0.1 25000 E4000TC25C issue A1 E4000TC25C issue A1 Tj = 150°C DSC 0.016 20000 0.01 Thermal impedance (K/W) Reverse recovery current - Ir (A) DSC 0.008 15000 10000 0.001 5000 0 0 500 1000 1500 2000 0.0001 0.0001 2500 0.001 0.01 Reverse recovery voltage - Vr (V) 0.1 1 10 100 Time (s) Figure 19 – Maximum surge and I2t ratings 1.00E+09 Tj (initial) = 150°C E4000TC25C issue A1 I2t: VRRM≤10V 1.00E+08 2 100000 Maximum I t (A s) 2 I t: VR=60% VRRM 2 Total peak half sine surge current - IFSM (A) 1000000 IFSM: VRRM≤10V 10000 1000 IFSM: VR=60% VRRM 1 3 5 10 Duration of surge (ms) Provisional Data Sheet. Type E4000TC25C Issue A1 1 5 10 50 100 1.00E+07 1.00E+06 Duration of surge (cycles @ 50Hz) Page 10 of 11 March, 2011 WESTCODE An IXYS Company High Power Sonic FRD Type E4000TC25C Outline Drawing & Ordering Information 100A330 ORDERING INFORMATION E4000 Fixed Type Code (Please quote 10 digit code as below) TC 25 C Fixed outline code Fixed voltage code VRRM/100 25 Fixed code, product series Order code: E4000TC25C – 2500V VRRM, 26mm clamp height capsule. IXYS Semiconductor GmbH Edisonstraße 15, D-68623 Lampertheim Tel: +49 6206 503-0 Fax: +49 6206 503-627 E-mail: [email protected] WESTCODE An IXYS Corporation 1590 Buckeye Drive Milpitas CA 95035-7418 Tel: +1 (408) 457 9000 Fax: +1 (408) 496 0670 E-mail: [email protected] IXYS Company Westcode Semiconductors Ltd Langley Park Way, Langley Park, Chippenham, Wiltshire, SN15 1GE. Tel: +44 (0)1249 444524 Fax: +44 (0)1249 659448 E-mail: [email protected],com www.westcode.com www.ixys.com The information contained herein is confidential and is protected by Copyright. The information may not be used or disclosed except with the written permission of and in the manner permitted by the proprietors Westcode Semiconductors Ltd. IXYS Long Beach IXYS Long Beach, Inc 2500 Mira Mar Ave, Long Beach CA 90815 Tel: +1 (562) 296 6584 Fax: +1 (562) 296 6585 E-mail: [email protected] © Westcode Semiconductors Ltd. In the interest of product improvement, Westcode reserves the right to change specifications at any time without prior notice. Devices with a suffix code (2-letter, 3-letter or letter/digit/letter combination) added to their generic code are not necessarily subject to the conditions and limits contained in this report. Provisional Data Sheet. Type E4000TC25C Issue A1 Page 11 of 11 March, 2011

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