Data Sheet

ePS6800
RISC II
Series MCU
Product
Specification
DOC. VERSION 1.0
ELAN MICROELECTRONICS CORP.
November 2010
Trademark Acknowledgments:
IBM is a registered trademark and PS/2 is a trademark of IBM.
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ELAN and ELAN logo
are trademarks of ELAN Microelectronics Corporation.
Copyright © 2005~2010 by ELAN Microelectronics Corporation
All Rights Reserved
Printed in Taiwan
The contents of this specification are subject to change without further notice. ELAN Microelectronics assumes no
responsibility concerning the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of this specification. ELAN Microelectronics
makes no commitment to update, or to keep current the information and material contained in this specification.
Such information and material may change to conform to each confirmed order.
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other inaccuracies in the information or material contained in this specification. ELAN Microelectronics shall not
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or material.
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may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of such agreement.
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NO PART OF THIS SPECIFICATION MAY BE REPRODUCED OR TRANSMITTED IN ANY FORM OR BY
ANY MEANS WITHOUT THE EXPRESSED WRITTEN PERMISSION OF ELAN MICROELECTRONICS.
ELAN MICROELECTRONICS CORPORATION
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Tel: +886 3 563-9977
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Elan Microelectronics
Shenzhen, Ltd.
Elan Microelectronics
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Headquarters:
st
Contents
Contents
1
General Description .................................................................................................. 1
1.1
Application.......................................................................................................... 1
2
Features ..................................................................................................................... 1
3
Block Diagram ........................................................................................................... 3
4
Pin Assignment ......................................................................................................... 4
5
Pin Description.......................................................................................................... 6
5.1
MCU System Pins (8 Pins)................................................................................. 6
5.2
Embedded LCD Pins (137 Pins) ........................................................................ 6
5.3
I/O Port (20 Pins)................................................................................................ 6
6
Code Option............................................................................................................... 7
7
Functional Description ............................................................................................. 8
7.1
Reset Function ................................................................................................... 8
7.1.1
7.1.2
7.1.3
7.1.4
7.1.5
7.1.6
7.2
Oscillator System ............................................................................................. 13
7.2.1
7.2.2
7.3
Slow, Fast, Sleep, and Idle Modes Operation .................................................16
Wake-up Operation .........................................................................................18
Interrupt ............................................................................................................ 19
7.4.1
7.4.2
7.4.3
7.5
32.8kHz RC or 32768Hz Crystal Oscillator .....................................................13
200kHz/300kHz/500kHz/1 MHz RC Oscillator ................................................14
MCU Operation Mode: ..................................................................................... 15
7.3.1
7.3.2
7.4
Power-on Reset.................................................................................................8
RSTB Pin...........................................................................................................8
WDT Time Out...................................................................................................8
32768Hz Crystal Stable Time ............................................................................9
Status (R0Fh) ..................................................................................................10
Initialization after Reset ...................................................................................11
7.1.6.1 Special Register .................................................................................12
7.1.6.2 Control Register .................................................................................12
Global Interrupt................................................................................................19
Input Port (PortA.7 ~ PortA.0) Interrupt...........................................................20
Timer 0, Timer 1, and Timer 2 Interrupts .........................................................20
7.4.3.1 Timer 0 Interrupt .................................................................................20
7.4.3.2 Timer 1 Interrupt .................................................................................21
7.4.3.3 Timer 2 Interrupt .................................................................................22
7.4.3.4 Code Example:...................................................................................22
Program ROM Map .......................................................................................... 23
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
• iii
Contents
7.6
RAM Map for Special Function and Control Registers ..................................... 24
7.6.1
7.6.2
7.6.3
7.7
LCD RAM Map ................................................................................................. 27
7.8
Special Register Description ............................................................................ 28
7.8.1
7.8.2
7.8.3
7.8.4
7.8.5
7.8.6
7.8.7
7.8.8
7.8.9
7.8.10
7.8.11
7.8.12
7.8.13
7.8.14
7.8.15
7.8.16
7.8.17
7.8.18
7.8.19
7.8.20
7.8.21
7.8.22
7.8.23
7.8.24
8
ACC (R0Ah): Accumulator Register ...............................................................28
POST_ID: Post Increase / Decrease Control Register ...................................28
BSR, FSR0, INDF0: Indirect Address Pointer 0 Registers..............................28
BSR1, FSR1, INDF1: Indirect Address Pointer 1 Registers............................28
BSR2, FSR2, INDF2: Indirect Address Pointer 2 Registers............................29
STKPTR: Stack Pointer Register.....................................................................32
PCL, PCM, PCH: Program Counter Registers................................................32
TABPTRL, TABPTRM, TABPTH: Table Pointer Registers .............................33
CPUCON (R20h): MCU Control Register........................................................33
STBCON (R30): Strobe Output Control Register ............................................34
Port A (R31h): General I/O Pins Register........................................................34
PACON (R32h): Port A Control Register .........................................................34
DCRA (R33h): Port A Direction Control Register ............................................34
PAWAKE (R34h): Port A Wake-up Control Register .......................................35
PAINTEN (R35h): Port A Interrupt Enable Control Register............................35
PAINTSTA (R36h): Port A Interrupt Status Register ........................................35
Port B (R37h): General I/O Pins Register .......................................................35
PBCON (R38h): Port B Pull-up Resistor Control Register ..............................35
DCRB (R39h): Port B Direction Control Register............................................36
Port C (R3Ah): General I/O Pins Register.......................................................36
PCCON (R3Bh): Port C Pull-up Resistor Control Register .............................36
DCRC (R3Ch): Port C Direction Control Register...........................................36
Port D, Port E (R3Dh, R3Eh): General I/O Pins Registers..............................36
DCRDE (R3Fh): Port D/Port E Direction Control and Pull-up Register ..........37
Peripheral................................................................................................................. 38
8.1
Timer 0 (16-Bit Timer with Event Counter Function) ........................................ 38
8.1.1
8.2
8.3
Timer 1 Registers ............................................................................................42
Timer 2 (8 Bits) ................................................................................................. 43
8.3.1
8.4
Timer 0 Registers ............................................................................................39
Timer 1 (8 Bits) ................................................................................................. 41
8.2.1
Timer 2 Registers ............................................................................................44
Watchdog Timer (WDT).................................................................................... 46
8.4.1
iv •
Special Function and Control Registers ..........................................................24
Other Un-banked General RAM ......................................................................27
Banked General RAM......................................................................................27
Watchdog Timer (WDT) Registers...................................................................46
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
Contents
8.5
Input/Output Key .............................................................................................. 47
8.5.1
8.5.2
8.5.3
8.6
LCD Driver........................................................................................................ 53
8.6.1
8.6.2
8.6.3
8.6.4
8.6.5
9
Key Functions..................................................................................................47
Key Strobe (PA.7 ~ 0 and PB.7 ~ 0 and PC.3 ~ 0)..........................................48
Input/Output Key Registers .............................................................................49
LCD Driver Registers.......................................................................................54
LCD RAM Map ................................................................................................57
LCD Driving Method Circuit.............................................................................57
LCD COM Waveforms.....................................................................................58
8.6.4.1 1/32 Duty and 1/4 Bias .......................................................................58
8.6.4.2 1/32 Duty and 1/5 Bias .......................................................................59
LCD COM and SEG Waveforms .....................................................................59
8.6.5.1 1/32 Duty and 1/4 Bias .......................................................................60
8.6.5.2 1/32 Duty and 1/5 Bias .......................................................................61
Electrical Characteristics ....................................................................................... 62
9.1
VDD = 1.5V Electrical Characteristics .............................................................. 62
10
Pin Type Circuit Diagrams...................................................................................... 64
11
Application Circuits ................................................................................................ 66
12
Instruction Set ......................................................................................................... 67
13
Pad Diagram ............................................................................................................ 71
14
Pad Coordinate........................................................................................................ 72
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
•v
Contents
Specification Revision History
Doc. Version
Revision Description
Date
0.0
Initial preliminary version.
2005/11/10
0.1
Modified the LCD size, special RAM, and code option.
2005/11/18
Modified the register description particularly Bits 0~3 of “LCDCON”,
and Bits 2~3 of “LCDARH”.
0.2
Modified the LCD Driver: LCD Contrast Adjustment. Added the
Frame Frequency Adjustment of LCD (Bit 2~3 of LCDARH).
2006/01/24
Modified the Pin Assignments (V0~V4 → V0 deleted,
V1x~V4x,Vop).
Modified the Pin Assignments: VDD, HOSCI, Reset, OSCO, OSCI.
0.3
Added Input/Output Key with PA and PB.
2006/02/21
Modified the I/O Electrical Characteristics.
Modified the Pin Type Circuit Diagrams.
Added Pad Diagram and Pad Locations.
0.4
Modified the VDD=3.0V Electrical Characteristics entries.
Added 1/5 bias for Code Option, LCD driver and Application
Circuit.
2007/01/25
1. Added the Regulator voltage range to Electrical characteristics.
0.5
2007/06/28
2. Modified the Pin Type Circuit Diagrams.
3. Modified the code example: Pop interrupt register.
1. Modified the Pin Assignment and Pin Description.
0.6
2. Modified the Electrical characteristics.
2007/08/29
3. Modified the Pad Diagram and Pad Locations.
0.7
0.8
1.0
vi •
1. Modified the Electrical Characteristics.
2008/11/06
2. Added a Note on Section 6 Code Option.
1. Modified Section 2 Peripheral
2009/08/18
2. Modified Section 8 Input/Output Key
1. Deleted the VDD=3.0V Electrical Characteristics entries.
2. Modified the Operating voltage to 1.5V only.
2010/11/03
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
1
General Description
The ePS6800 is an 8-bit RISC MCU embedded with a 32×98 LCD driver along with two
8-bit timers, one 16-bit general timer, and a Watchdog Timer. It also has on-chip 8K
bytes RAM and 64K words program ROM. It is highly ideal for advance scientific
calculator application, particularly those requiring high performance and low cost
solution.
The MCU core is one of ELAN’s second generation RISC based IC’s, known as RISC II
(RII) series. The core was specifically designed for low power and portable device
applications. The ePS6800 also supports Fast, Slow and Idle modes, as well as Sleep
mode to enhance its low power consumption features.
IMPORTANT NOTES!
■ Do not use Register BSR (02h) Bit 7 ~ Bit 5.
■ Do not use Register BSR1 (05h) Bit 7 ~ Bit 5.
■ Do not use Register BSR2 (17h) Bit 7 ~ Bit 5.
■ Do not use LCD RAM 62h ~ FFh.
■ Do not use Registers JDNZ at FSR1 (04h) special register.
■ Do not use Registers JDNZ at FSR2 (11h) special register.
■ Don't to use PUSH,POP by "MOV A,r" to avoid effecting S_Z
1.1 Application
„
2
Scientific calculating gadgets
Features
MCU
„
8 bit RISC MCU
„
Operating voltage: 1.2V ~ 1.8V
„
Clock Source: Dual system clock
•
Low-frequency: 32kHz Internal RC oscillator / External RC oscillator / Crystal
oscillator
•
High-frequency: 200kHz / 300kHz / 500kHz / 1MHz Internal RC oscillator /
External RC oscillator
„
One Instruction cycle time = 2 × System clock time
„
Program ROM addressing: 64K words max.
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
•1
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
„
Provides Special registers and Control registers
„
104 bytes un-banked RAM and Working RAM
„
64×128 bytes banked RAM
„
32-level RAM stack
„
Three sets of RAM indirect addressing pointer
„
Look-up Table function is fast and efficient when combined with Repeat instruction
„
Register-to-Register move instruction
„
Compare and Branch in one instruction (two cycles)
„
Single Repeat function (max. of 256 repeat times)
„
Decimal ADD and SUB instruction
„
Full range CALL and JUMP ability (two cycles)
Peripheral
„
36 general I/O pins (Port A, Port B, Port C.0~3, Port D, Port E)
„
32 COM × 98 SEG LCD driver (embedded), 1/16, 1/20, 1/24, 1/28 and 1/32 duty,
1/4 and 1/5 bias
„
One 16-bit timer (Timer 0) with Event counter function
„
One 8-bit timer (Timer 1) with wake-up function
„
One 8-bit timer (Timer 2)
„
One 8-bit Watchdog Timer
„
Key I/O function with 96 keys max.
Internal Specification
2•
„
Watchdog Timer with its own on-chip RC oscillator
„
MCU operating modes: Sleep Mode, Idle Mode, Slow Mode, and Fast Mode
„
Supports RC oscillation and crystal oscillation for system clock
„
MCU Wake-up function consists of input wake up and Timer 1 wake up
„
MCU interrupt function consists of Input port interrupt and Timer interrupt
(Timers 0 ~ 2)
„
MCU reset function includes power-on reset, RSTB pin reset, and Watchdog Timer
reset
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
3
Block Diagram
RSTB
TEST
VDD
OSCI
OSCO
HOSCI
ALU
Shifter
Timing Generator
Addressing
SEG0~97
98
COM0~31 32
V1,V2,V3, 5
V4,V5
C1A,C1B
Control Unit
LCD RAM & LCD
Interface
2
RAM
Timer 0~Timer 2/
WDT Timer
ROM
I/O Control
8
8
4
8
8
Port E.0~7 Port D.0~7 Port C.0~3 Port B.0~7 Port A.0~7
VSS
Figure 3-1 ePS6800 Block Diagram
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
•3
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
4
Pin Assignment
165-pin Chip form
„
No.
4•
Pin Name
No.
Pin Name
No.
Pin Name
No.
Pin Name
1
NC
53
NC
105
NC
157
NC
2
NC
54
NC
106
NC
158
NC
3
NC
55
NC
107
SEG59
159
NC
4
VSS
56
NC
108
SEG60
160
NC
5
C1A
57
NC
109
SEG61
161
NC
6
C1B
58
NC
110
SEG62
162
NC
7
V5
59
NC
111
SEG63
163
NC
8
V4
60
NC
112
SEG64
164
NC
9
V3
61
SEG23
113
SEG65
165
NC
10
V2
62
SEG24
114
SEG66
166
COM25/PortE.1
11
V1
63
SEG25
115
SEG67
167
COM26/PortE.2
12
COM15
64
SEG26
116
SEG68
168
COM27/PortE.3
13
COM14
65
SEG27
117
SEG69
169
COM28/PortE.4
14
COM13
66
SEG28
118
SEG70
170
COM29/PortE.5
15
COM12
67
SEG29
119
SEG71
171
COM30/PortE.6
16
COM11
68
SEG30
120
SEG72
172
COM31/PortE.7
17
COM10
69
SEG31
121
SEG73
173
VSS
18
COM9
70
SEG32
122
SEG74
174
PortA.0
19
COM8
71
SEG33
123
SEG75
175
PortA.1
20
COM7
72
SEG34
124
SEG76
176
PortA.2
21
COM6
73
SEG35
125
SEG77
177
PortA.3
22
COM5
74
SEG36
126
SEG78
178
TEST
23
COM4
75
SEG37
127
SEG79
179
PortA.4
24
COM3
76
SEG38
128
SEG80
180
PortA.5
25
COM2
77
SEG39
129
SEG81
181
PortA.6
26
COM1
78
SEG40
130
SEG82
182
PortA.7
27
COM0
79
SEG41
131
SEG83
183
PortB.0
28
SEG0/Strobe0
80
SEG42
132
SEG84
184
PortB.1
29
SEG1/Strobe1
81
SEG43
133
SEG85
185
PortB.2
30
SEG2/Strobe2
82
SEG44
134
SEG86
186
PortB.3
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
No.
Pin Name
No.
Pin Name
31
SEG3/Strobe3
83
SEG45
135
SEG87
187
PortB.4
32
SEG4/Strobe4
84
SEG46
136
SEG88
188
PortB.5
33
SEG5/Strobe5
85
SEG47
137
SEG89
189
PortB.6
34
SEG6/Strobe6
86
SEG48
138
SEG90
190
PortB.7
35
SEG7/Strobe7
87
SEG49
139
SEG91
191
PortC.0
36
SEG8/Strobe8
88
SEG50
140
SEG92
192
PortC.1
37
SEG9/Strobe9
89
SEG51
141
SEG93
193
PortC.2
38
SEG10/Strobe10
90
SEG52
142
SEG94
194
PortC.3/EVIN
39
SEG11/Strobe11
91
SEG53
143
SEG95
195
VDD
40
SEG12/Strobe12
92
SEG54
144
SEG96
196
HOSCI
41
SEG13/Strobe13
93
SEG55
145
SEG97
197
RESETB
42
SEG14/Strobe14
94
SEG56
146
COM16/PortD.0
198
OSCO
43
SEG15/Strobe15
95
SEG57
147
COM17/PortD.1
199
OSCI
44
SEG16
96
SEG58
148
COM18/PortD.2
200
NC
45
SEG17
97
NC
149
COM19/PortD.3
201
NC
46
SEG18
98
NC
150
COM20/PortD.4
202
NC
47
SEG19
99
NC
151
COM21/PortD.5
203
NC
48
SEG20
100
NC
152
COM22/PortD.6
204
NC
49
SEG21
101
NC
153
COM23/PortD.7
205
NC
50
SEG22
102
NC
154
COM24/PortE.0
206
NC
51
NC
103
NC
155
NC
207
NC
52
NC
104
NC
156
NC
208
NC
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
No.
Pin Name
No.
Pin Name
•5
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
5
Pin Description
5.1 MCU System Pins (8 Pins)
Name
I/O/P
Type
Description
Note
VDD
P
Digital and Analog positive power supply, ranging from
1.2V ~ 1.8V
−
VSS
P
Digital and Analog negative power supply
−
RSTB
I
System reset pin. Low active.
TEST
I
VSS
P
Digital and Analog negative power supply
OSCI
I
External RC/Crystal oscillator connecting pi
OSCO
O
Crystal oscillator connecting pin
HOSCI
I
Hi-Speed RC oscillator connecting pin
Int. pull-up
Test mode select pin (High active)
For IC internal test only, normally connect to VSS
Int. Pull Down
−
Ext. R to VDD
−
Ext. R to VDD
5.2 Embedded LCD Pins (137 Pins)
Name
I/O/P
Type
Description
Note
COM0~COM15
O
LCD common signal output pin
−
COM16~COM23 /
Port D.0~7
O
I/O
LCD common signal output pin
General Input/Output port
−
COM24~COM31 /
Port E.0~7
O
I/O
LCD common signal output pin
General Input/Output port
−
SEG0~SEG15
O
LCD segment signal output pin shared with key
strobe 0~15
−
SEG16~ SEG97
O
LCD segment signal output pin
−
C1A, C1B
−
LCD voltage charge-pump pin. Connect 1μF
between C1A and C1B.
−
V5, V4, V3, V2, V1
O
LCD bias Pin. Connect a 1μF to Vss.
−
5.3 I/O Port (20 Pins)
Name
Port A.0~7
Port B.0~7
Port C.0~3
6•
I/O/P
Type
Description
I
General Input port for special functions, i.e., Wake-up
and Interrupt
O
General Output port
I
Bits 6~0: Key matrix input pins
I/O
General Input/Output port
I/O
General Input/Output port
I
Bit 3: Event counter input pin
Note
−
−
−
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
6
Code Option
Located at Address 0x000C~0x000F of Program ROM
„
Initial mode after reset:
•
Select “Slow” mode or “Fast” mode
NOTE
For Initial mode after reset, it is recommended that user set it to “Slow mode”.
„
Low Frequency Oscillator:
•
„
High Frequency Oscillator:
•
„
Select “LCD common signal output” or “general I/O functions”
Port E low nibble control bit (COM24~COM27):
•
„
Select “LCD common signal output” or “general I/O functions”
Port D high nibble control bit (COM20~COM23):
•
„
Select “1/5 bias and 1.1V” or “1/5 bias and 1.2V” or “1/4 bias and 1.2V” or “1/4
bias and 1.3V” or “1/4 bias and 1.4V”
Port D low nibble control bit (COM16~COM19):
•
„
Select “1/32 duty” or “1/28 duty” or “1/24 duty” or “1/20 duty” or “1/16 duty”
LCD bias and LCD regulator voltage option:
•
„
Select “Level hold” or “One shot” for reset pin
Maximum duty ratio option:
•
„
Only has “1.5V”
RESET pin’s condition:
•
„
Select “200kHz” or “300kHz” or “500kHz” or “1 MHz”
Operating voltage option:
•
„
Select “Internal RC” oscillator or “External RC” oscillator
Frequency of Internal High RC Oscillator:
•
„
Select “Crystal” oscillator or “Internal RC” oscillator or “External RC” oscillator
Select “LCD common signal output” or “general I/O functions”
Port E high nibble control bit (COM28~COM31):
•
Select “LCD common signal output” or “general I/O functions”
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
•7
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
7
Functional Description
7.1 Reset Function
Reset can be generated by one of the following:
„
Power-on voltage detector reset and power-on reset
„
WDT time out
„
RSTB pin pull low
VDD
VDD
Power-on Reset
RSTB
/Chip Reset
WDT Reset
Figure 7-1 On-chip Reset Schematic
7.1.1 Power-on Reset
The power-on reset circuit holds the device under reset condition until VDD is above
Vpor (power-on reset voltage). Whenever the voltage supply lowers to below Vpor, a
reset will occur.
7.1.2 RSTB Pin
In normal condition, the RSTB pin is pulled up to VDD. Whenever the RSTB is at low
condition (level hold or one short), a reset will occur.
7.1.3 WDT Time Out
When the Watchdog Timer is enabled, the WDT time-out will cause the chip to reset.
To prevent reset from occurring, user should clear the WDT value with the “WDTC”
instruction before WDT time-out. WDT time-out can also be used to flag software
malfunction.
8•
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
7.1.4 32768Hz Crystal Stable Time
„
Power-on Reset Timing:
VDD
Reset
Tpwr
OSC
Twup1
CPU work
Tclk
Figure 7-2 Power-on Reset Timing Diagram
„
Sleep Mode Wake-up Timing:
Sleep mode
Wake up to operating mode
VDD
Wake-up pin
Tpwr
OSC
Twup2
Tclk
CPU
Figure 7-3 Sleep Mode Wake-up Timing Diagram
Condition: Vdd = 1.5V, Cosc = 20 pF and Ta = 25°C
Symbol
Characteristics
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Tpwr
Oscillator start up time
−
480
780
ms
Twup1
CPU warm up time (Power-on reset)
−
500
800
ms
Twup2
CPU warm up time (Sleep mode wakeup)
−
485
785
ms
Tclk
Detect slow clock time
−
1.0
1.1
ms
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
•9
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
7.1.5 Status (R0Fh)
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
/TO
/PD
SGE
SLE
OV
Z
DC
C
Bit 0 (C): Carry flag or inverse of Borrow flag (B)
Under SUB operation, borrow flag is indicated by the inverse of the carry bit
(B = /C).
Bit 1 (DC): Auxiliary carry flag.
Bit 2 (Z): Zero flag
Bit 3 (OV): Overflow flag. Used in signed operation when Bit 6 is carried into or
borrows from signed bit (Bit 7).
Bit 4 (SLE): Computation result is less than or equal to zero (negative value) after
signed arithmetic. This bit is affected by HEX arithmetic instruction only.
Bit 5 (SGE): Computation result is greater than or equal to zero (positive value) after
signed arithmetic. This bit is affected by HEX arithmetic instruction only.
NOTE
1. When OV=1 after signed arithmetic, user can check the SGE bit and SLE bit to
verify whether overflow (carry into sign bit) or underflow (borrow from sign bit)
occurred.
If OV=1 and SGE=1 → overflow occurred.
If OV=1 and SLE=1 → underflow occurred.
2. When overflow took place, user should clear the MSB of Accumulator to obtain the
correct value.
When underflow took place, user should set the MSB of accumulator to obtain the
correct value.
Example 1: ADD positive value with a positive value, and the ACC signed bit will be
affected.
MOV
ACC, #60h
; Signed number +60h
ADD
ACC, #70h
; +60h ADD WITH +70h
Unsigned bit results after execution of the instruction:
ACC = 0D0h
SGE=1, means the result is greater than or equal to 0
(positive value)
OV=1,
means overflow occurred and the result is
carried into signed bit (Bit 7)
Signed bit results after execution of the instruction:
ACC = 50h (signed bit is cleared)
The actual result = +80h (OV=1) + 50h = +0D0h
10 •
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
Example 2: SUB positive value from negative value, and ACC signed bit will be
affected.
MOV
ACC, #50h
; Signed number +50h.
SUB
ACC, #90h
; +50h SUB from –70h. (Signed number of 90h)
Unsigned bit results after execution of the instruction:
ACC = 40h
SLE=1,
OV=1,
means the result is less than or equal to 0
(negative value)
Underflow occurred and the result borrowed
from signed bit (Bit 7)
Signed bit results after execution of the instruction:
ACC = 0C0h (the signed bit is set)
The actual result = –80h (OV=1) + 0C0h (signed number of 0C0h) = 40h
Bit 6 (/PD): Reset to 0 when /PD enters Sleep mode. Set to 1 by “WDTC” instruction,
power-on reset, or by a Reset pin low condition.
Bit 7 (/TO): Reset to 0 at WDT time out reset. Set to 1 by “WDTC” instruction;
power-on reset, Reset pin low condition, or when MCU enters into Sleep
Mode.
When reset occurs, the special function register is reset to initial value except for the
/TO and /PD bits of Status register.
Bit 7 (/TO)
Bit 6 (/PD)
Event
0
0
WDT time out reset from Sleep mode
0
1
WDT time out reset (not from Sleep mode)
1
0
Reserved
1
1
Power up or RSTB pin low condition
7.1.6 Initialization after Reset
„
The oscillator is running, or will be started.
„
The Watchdog timer is cleared.
„
During power-on reset or RSTB pin low condition, the /TO bit and /PD bit of RF
(Status) are set to “1.” At WDT time out reset, the /TO bit is cleared.
„
The program counter (PCH: PCM: PCL) is cleared to all “0.”
„
The subsequent table shows the other registers’ initial values.
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 11
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
7.1.6.1
Special Register
Addr.
Name
Initial Value
Addr.
---- ---- 1
10h
INDF2
0000 0000
11h
FSR2
1000 0000
0000 0000
12h
BSR2
0000 0000
---- ---- 1
13h
General RAM
uuuu uuuu
FSR1
1000 0000
14h
General RAM
uuuu uuuu
05h
BSR1
0000 0000
15h
General RAM
uuuu uuuu
06h
STKPTR
0000 0000
16h
General RAM
uuuu uuuu
07h
PCL
0000 0000
17h
General RAM
uuuu uuuu
08h
PCM
0000 0000
18h
General RAM
uuuu uuuu
00h
INDF0
01h
FSR0
02h
BSR
03h
INDF1
04h
Initial Value
---- ---- 1
09h
PCH
0000 0000
19h
General RAM
uuuu uuuu
0Ah
ACC
xxxx xxxx
1Ah
General RAM
uuuu uuuu
0Bh
TABPTRL
0000 0000
1Bh
General RAM
uuuu uuuu
0Ch
TABPTRM
0000 0000
1Ch
General RAM
uuuu uuuu
0Dh
TABPTRH
0000 0000
1Dh
General RAM
uuuu uuuu
0Eh
LCDDATA
---- ---- 1
1Eh
General RAM
uuuu uuuu
1Fh
General RAM
uuuu uuuu
0Fh
7.1.6.2
STATUS
cuxx xxxx
2
Control Register
Addr.
Name
Initial Value
3
Addr.
Name
Initial Value
20h
CPUCON
0--- -00c
21h
POST_ID
-111 -000
22h
LCDARL
0000 0000
23h
LCDARH
0000 --00
24h
INTSTA
---- -000
34h
PAWAKE
0000 0000
25h
TR0CON
--00 0000
35h
PAINTEN
0000 0000
26h
TRL0L
uuuu uuuu
36h
PAINTSTA
0000 0000
27h
TRL0H
uuuu uuuu
37h
PORTB
xxxx xxxx
28h
T0CL
0000 0000
38h
PBCON
0000 0000
29h
T0CH
0000 0000
39h
DCRB
1111 1111
30h
STBCON
0000 0000
31h
PORTA
xxxx xxxx
32h
PACON
0000 0000
33h
DCRA
1111 1111
2Ah
TR1CON
0--0 0-00
3Ah
PORTC
---- xxxx
2Bh
TRL1
uuuu uuuu
3Bh
PCCON
---- 0000
2Ch
TR2WCON
0000 0000
3Ch
DCRC
---- 1111
2Dh
TRL2
uuuu uuuu
3Dh
General RAM
uuuu uuuu
2Eh
LCDCON
0000 0000
3Eh
General RAM
uuuu uuuu
2Fh
-
0000 0000
3Fh
General RAM
uuuu uuuu
Legend:
4
x: unknown
u: unchanged,
–: unimplemented read as “0”
c: value depends on actual condition
1
Not a physical register
2
If it is a power-on reset or RSTB pin is at low condition, the /TO bit and /PD bit of RF (Status)
are set to “1.” If it is a WDT time out reset, the /TO bit is cleared and /PD bit remains unchanged.
3
Bit 0 (MS0) of RE (CPUCON) is reloaded from “INIM” bit of code option when MCU resets.
4
12 •
Name
The register R2F must be fixed to 0x00.
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
7.2
Oscillator System
The oscillator system is used to generate the device clock. The oscillator system is
composed of an Internal RC, or External RC, or crystal oscillator for slow mode and an
Internal RC, or External RC oscillator for Fast mode as shown in the diagram below.
OSCI
OSCO
32kHz Internal RC
OSC/External RC
OSC/Crystal OSC.
Fosc
Fsystem
FHOSC
Code Option
HOSCI
0
1
200k/300k/500k/1MHz
Internal RC OSC /
External RC OSC
MS0
Code Option
Figure 7-4 Oscillator System Function Block Diagram
The MS0 bit (mode select bit) of the CPUCON register (R20h) is used to set to either
Slow or Fast mode (see Section 7.3.1).
0: Slow mode (MCU System Clock is from Fosc)
1: Fast mode (MCU System Clock is from Fhosc)
7.2.1 32.8kHz RC or 32768Hz Crystal Oscillator
„
32.8kHz RC Internal oscillator:
Select “RC oscillator for FOSC” in the code option and allow the OSCI and OSCO
pins to remain floating.
„
32.8kHz RC External oscillator:
Select “RC oscillator for FOSC” in the code option and allow the OSCO pin to
remain floating. A resistor should be connected between the OSCI and VDD pins.
VDD
OSCO
R
OSCI
External RC oscillator
Figure 7-5 Slow Mode RC Oscillators Circuit Diagram
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 13
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
„
32768kHz Crystal oscillator:
Select “Crystal oscillator for FOSC” in the code option and connect a crystal
between the OSCI and OSCO pins. The OSCI and OSCO pins are also connected
to ground through a 20 pF capacitor.
OSCI
OSCO
32768Hz Crystal Oscillator
Figure 7-6 Slow Mode Crystal Circuit Diagram
7.2.2 200kHz/300kHz/500kHz/1 MHz RC Oscillator
„
200kHz/300kHz/500kHz/1 MHz RC Internal oscillator:
Select “RC oscillator for FHOSC” in the code option and allow the HOSCI pin to
remain floating.
„
200kHz/300kHz/500kHz/1MHz RC External oscillator:
Select “RC oscillator for FHOSC” in the code option. A resistor should be
connected between the HOSCI and VDD pin.
VDD
R
HOSCI
External RC oscillator
Figure 7-7 Fast Mode RC Oscillators Circuit Diagram
14 •
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
7.3 MCU Operation Mode:
SLEEP
MODE
(CPU STOP)
SLEP inst.&
MS1=0
Wake up&
MS0=1
Reset
FOSC: Stop
FHOSC: Stop
FOSC: Oscillating
FHOSC: Oscillating
MS0=1
FAST
MODE
Reset
Wakeup & MS0=0
FOSC: Oscillating
FHOSC: Stop
SLEP inst.&
MS1=0
MS0=0
Reset Release
Reset
RESET
SLOW
MODE
Reset Release
Wake up&
MS0=1
Reset
FAST MODE is the initial mode
after Reset
SLOW MODE is the initial mode
after Reset
SLEP inst.&
MS1=1
SLEP inst.&
MS1=1
IDLE
MODE
(CPU STOP)
Wake up&
MS0=0
FOSC: Oscillating
FHOSC: Stop
Select by Code Option
Figure 7-8
MCU Operation Block Diagram
The following table shows the supported device functions for each MCU Mode.
Mode
Sleep
Idle
Slow
Fast
Osc.(32768Hz)
×
9
9
9
Fsystem
×
×
From Osc.
From Hosc.
Timers 0~2
×
×
9
9
INT
×*
×*
9
9
I/O wake up
9
9
×
×
Timer 1 wake up
×
9
×
×
Device
Legend: 9 = Function is available if enabled
×: Function is NOT supported
* Interrupt flag will be recorded but not executed until the MCU wakes up.
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 15
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
7.3.1 Slow, Fast, Sleep, and Idle Modes Operation
„
CPUCON (R20h): MCU Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
WBK
–
–
–
–
GLINT
MS1
MS0
Bit 0 (MS0): Select Slow Mode or Fast Mode
0: Slow Mode
1: Fast Mode
Bit 1 (MS1): Select Sleep Mode or Idle Mode after executing “SLEP” instruction.
0: Sleep Mode
1: Idle Mode
„
Slow Mode
When the MS0 bit of the CPUCON register is set to “0,” the MCU will enter into
Slow Mode and the corresponding system clock is at 32kHz. The Slow mode
feature allows performance of all system operations at reduced power
consumption.
„
Fast Mode
When the MS0 bit of the CPUCON register is set to “1,” the MCU will enter into Fast
Mode. After setting the MS0 bit, it needs to count 32 clocks from HOSC, then the
system clock switches from slow to high frequency. This mode allows performance
of all the system operations at fast speed, but under highest consumption of power.
„
Idle Mode
When the MS1 bit of the CPUCON register is set to “1.” and the “SLEP” instruction
is executed, the MCU will enter into Idle Mode. The Idle Mode suspends all system
operations except for the 32 kHz oscillator. It retains the internal status under low
power consumption without stopping the clock function.
The Idle Mode is awakened by the Timer 1 wake-up or by I/O pins wake-up (if
enabled) and returns to either Slow Mode (MS0=0) or Fast Mode (MS0=1)
NOTE
All registers remain unchanged during Idle Mode.
16 •
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
„
Sleep Mode
When the MS1 bit of CPUCON register is set to “0,” and the “SLEP” instruction is
executed, the MCU will enter into Sleep Mode. The Sleep Mode suspends all
system operation and put on hold the internal status immediately before
suspension of the operation. Sleep Mode operates with very low power
consumption and is awakened by I/O pins wake up.
NOTE
„ The /PD bit of the Status Register (RFh) is cleared when the MCU enters Sleep Mode.
„ This /PD bit is set to “1” by “WDTC” instruction, power-on reset, or by RSTB pin low
condition.
„ All registers remain unchanged during Sleep Mode.
„
Slow Mode to Fast Mode Timing:
MS0
System Clock
Slow
Mode
Fast Mode
Target
32.768K
Time
0ms
Ts
0.1ms
Figure 7-9 Slow Mode to Fast Mode Timing Diagram
NOTE
1. Slow Mode switches to Fast Mode at Time=0 ms.
2. System clock will switch to Fast Mode after a delay of 0.1ms by oscillator and
enters into Fast Mode (i.e., system clock will be at 200, 300, or 500kHz).
3. High frequency RC will be stabilized at Time=Ts (15 µs~30 µs).
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 17
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
„
Code Example
;Enter Idle mode
BS
CPUCON,MS1
SLEP
NOP
;Enter Fast mode
BS CPUCON,MS0
;Entry Slow mode
BC CPUCON,MS0
;Entry Sleep mode
BC CPUCON, MS1
SLEP
NOP
7.3.2 Wake-up Operation
The oscillator is off during Sleep Mode. The MCU is waken-up by an input port (Port A),
then it returns to Fast Mode or Slow Mode (as determined by the MS0 bit of the
CPUCON register as described in the previous section).
When in Idle Mode, the 32kHz oscillator keeps on running. The MCU is waken-up by
the input port (Port A) or Timer 1, and then returns to Fast Mode or Slow Mode (as
determined by the MS0 bit of the CPUCON register as described in the previous
section).
„
PAWAKE (R34h): Port A Wake-up Function Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
WKEN7
WKEN6
WKEN5
WKEN4
WKEN3
WKEN2
WKEN1
WKEN0
Bit 7 (WKEN7) ~ Bit 0 (WKEN0): Wake-up function control bit of PortA.7 ~ PortA.0
0: Disable PortA.7 ~ PortA.0 wake-up function
1: Enable PortA.7 ~ PortA.0 wake-up function
„
T1WKEN Bit of (R2Ah): Timer 1 Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
T1WKEN
–
–
TMR1IE
T1EN
–
T1PSR1
T1PSR0
Bit 7 (T1WKEN): Timer 1 underflow wake-up function control bit in Idle Mode
0: Disable Timer 1 wake-up function
1: Enable Timer 1 wake-up function
18 •
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
7.4 Interrupt
When interrupt occurs, the GLINT bit of the CPUCON register is reset to “0”. It
disables all interrupts, including Levels 1 ~ 5. Setting this bit to “1” will enable all
un-masked interrupts.
7.4.1 Global Interrupt
„
GLINT Bit of CPUCON (R20h) MCU Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
WBK
–
–
–
–
GLINT
MS1
MS0
Bit 2 (GLINT): Global interrupt control bit
0: Disable all interrupts, including Level 1 ~ Level 5
1: Enable all un-masked interrupts
„
Interrupt Vector
Interrupt Level
„
Interrupt Source
Start Address
Remark
RESET
0x00000
−
Level 1
PortA.7 ~ 0
0x00002
PAINT
Level 2
Reserved
0x00004
Reserved
Level 3
Reserved
0x00006
Reserved
Level 4
Timers 0~2
0x00008
TMR0I, TMR1I, TMR2I
Level 5
Reserved
0x0000A
Reserved
Code Example:
; ***** Reset program
ResetSEG CSEG
0X00
LJMP
RESET
LJMP
PAINT
LJMP
RESERVED
LJMP
RESERVED
LJMP
TIMERINT
LJMP
RESERVED
INT
CSEG
0x20
; --- Push interrupt register
PUSH:
MOV
AccBuf,A
MOVPR StatusBuf,Status
RET
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
;
;
;
;
;
;
(0x00)
(0x02)
(0x04)
(0x06)
(0x08)
(0x0A)
Initialize
Port A Interrupt
Reserved
Reserved
Timer-0,1,2 Interrupt
Reserved
; --- Pop interrupt register
POP:
MOV
A,AccBuf
MOVRP Status,StatusBuf
RETI
• 19
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
7.4.2 Input Port (PortA.7 ~ PortA.0) Interrupt
PortA.0 ~ PortA.7 are used as external interrupt/wake-up input. If PA7IE ~ PA0IE bits
of PAINTEN register are set to “1,” PortA.0 ~ PortA.7 are the external interrupt input
port format.
„
PAINTSTA (R36h): PortA.7 ~ PortA.0 Interrupt Status Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
PA7I
PA6I
PA5I
PA4I
PA3I
PA2I
PA1I
PA0I
Bit 7 (PA7I) ~ Bit 0 (PA0I): PortA.7 ~ PortA.0 Interrupt status
Set to “1” when pin falling edge is detected
Clear to “0” by software.
„
PAINTEN (R35h): PortA.7 ~ PortA.0 Interrupt Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
PA7IE
PA6IE
PA5IE
PA4IE
PA3IE
PA2IE
PA1IE
PA0IE
Bit 7 (PA7IE) ~ Bit 0 (PA0IE): PortA.7 ~ PortA.0 Interrupt control bits
0: Disable interrupt function
1: Enable interrupt function
„
Code Example:
; === Input
PAINT:
S0CALL
CLR
:
S0CALL
RETI
Port A Interrupt
PUSH
PAINTSTA
POP
7.4.3 Timer 0, Timer 1, and Timer 2 Interrupts
7.4.3.1
Timer 0 Interrupt
Timer 0 is a 16-bit timer used for general time counting. When the counting value
underflows, Timer 0 interrupt occurs and the TRL0H: TRL0L value is automatically
reloaded into the timer.
20 •
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
„
TMR0IE Bit of TR0CON (R25h) Timer 0 Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
–
–
T0ENMD
TMR0IE
T0EN
T0CS
T0PSR1
T0PSR0
Bit 4 (TMR0IE): Control bit of Timer 0 interrupt
0: Disable Timer 0 interrupt function
1: Enable Timer 0 interrupt function
„
TMR0I Bit of INTSTA (R24h) Timer Interrupt Status Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
–
–
–
–
–
TMR2I
TMR1I
TMR0I
Bit 0 (TMR0I): Status bit of Timer 0 interrupt
Set to “1” when Timer 0 counter underflows
Clear to “0” by software
7.4.3.2
Timer 1 Interrupt
Timer 1 is an 8-bit timer used for time counting and wake-up functions. When the
counting value of Timer 1 underflows, interrupt occurs and the TRL1 value is reloaded
to the timer.
„
TMR1IE Bit of TR1CON (R2Ah) Timer 1 Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
T1WKEN
–
–
TMR1IE
T1EN
–
T1PSR1
T1PSR0
Bit 4 (TMR1IE): Control bit of Timer1 interrupt
0: Disable Timer 1 interrupt function
1: Enable Timer 1 interrupt function
„
TMR1I Bit of INTSTA (R24h) Timer Interrupt Status Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
–
–
–
–
–
TMR2I
TMR1I
TMR0I
Bit 1 (TMR1I): Status bit of Timer 1 interrupt
Set to “1” when Timer 1 counter underflows
Clear to “0” by software.
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 21
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
7.4.3.3
Timer 2 Interrupt
Timer 2 is an 8-bit timer for time counting. When the counting value of Timer 2
underflows, interrupt occurs and the TRL2 value will be reloaded to the timer.
„
TMR2IE Bit of TR2WCON (R2Ch) Timer 2 / Watchdog Timer Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
WDTEN WDTPSR1 WDTPSR0 TMR2IE
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
T2EN
T2CS
T2PSR1
T2PSR0
Bit 4 (TMR2IE): Control bit of Timer 2 interrupt
0: Disable Timer 2 interrupt function
1: Enable Timer 2 interrupt function
„
TMR2I Bit of INTSTA (R24h) Timer Interrupt Status Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
–
–
–
–
–
TMR2I
TMR1I
TMR0I
Bit 2 (TMR2I): Status bit of Time 2 interrupt
Set to “1” when Timer 2 counter underflows
Clear to “0” by software.
7.4.3.4
Code Example:
; === Timer-0,1,2 Interrupt
TIMERINT:
S0CALL PUSH
JBS
INTSTA,TMR0I,toTM0INT
JBS
INTSTA,TMR1I,toTM1INT
JBS
INTSTA,TMR2I,toTM2INT
SJMP
POP
; --- Timer
toTM0INT:
BC
:
SJMP
RETI
; --- Timer
toTM1INT:
BC
:
SJMP
RETI
; --- Timer
toTM2INT:
BC
:
SJMP
RETI
22 •
0 Interrupt
INTSTA,TMR0I
POP
1 Interrupt
INTSTA,TMR1I
POP
2 Interrupt
INTSTA,TMR2I
POP
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
7.5 Program ROM Map
ROM Size = 64K Words
Address
0000h
|
000Bh
000Ch
|
000Fh
0010h
|
001Fh
0020h
Description
Interrupt Vector
(12 words)
Code Option
(4 words)
Test Program
(16 words)
0020h
|
|
3FFFh
3FFFh
4000h
Segment 2
|
|
7FFFh
Segment 3
8000h
Segment 4
|
|
BFFFh
Segment 5
C000h
Segment 6
|
|
FFFFh
Segment 7
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 23
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
7.6 RAM Map for Special Function and Control Registers
(RAM Size: 104 Bytes + 64 Banks × 128 Bytes = 8296 Bytes)
7.6.1 Special Function and Control Registers
Legend: R = Readable bit
Addr. Register Name
0
INDF0
1
FSR0
2
BSR
3
INDF1
4
FSR1
5
BSR1
6
STKPTR
7
PCL
8
PCM
9
PCH
A
ACC
B
TABPTRL
C
TABPTRM
D
TABPTRH
E
LCDDATA
24 •
Bit 7
Bit 6
W = Writable bit
Bit 5
– = Not implemented
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
R/W
R/W
R/W
Indirect Addressing Pointer 0
R/W
File Select Register 0 for INDF0 (R0)
R
R
Fixed 0
Fixed 0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Bank select register (for INDF0 and general)
R/W
Indirect Addressing Pointer 1
R
R/W
R/W
R
R
R/W
Fixed 0
Fixed 0
R/W
Fixed 1
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
File Select Register 1 for INDF1 (R3)
R/W
R/W
R/W
Bank Select Register 1 (for INDF1)
R/W
Stack Pointer
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
PC7
PC6
PC5
PC4
PC3
PC2
PC1
PC0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
PC15
PC14
PC13
PC12
PC11
PC10
PC9
PC8
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R/W
Fixed 0
Fixed 0
Fixed 0
Fixed 0
Fixed 0
Fixed 0
Fixed 0
PC16
R/W
Accumulator
R/W
Low byte of Table Pointer
R/W
Middle byte of Table Pointer
R
R
R
R
R
R
Fixed 0
Fixed 0
Fixed 0
Fixed 0
Fixed 0
Fixed 0
R/W
High byte of table
pointer
R/W
Indirect register to LCD RAM
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
Addr. Register Name
F
STATUS
10
INDF2
11
FSR2
12
BSR2
20
CPUCON
21
POST_ID
22
LCDARL
23
LCDARH
24
INTSTA
25
TR0CON
26
TRL0L
27
TRL0H
28
T0CL
29
T0CH
2A
TR1CON
2B
TRL1
2C
TR2WCON
2D
TRL2
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
R
R
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
/TO
/PD
SGE
SLE
OV
Z
DC
C
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Indirect Addressing Pointer 2
R
R/W
R/W
R/W
Fixed 1
R/W
File select register 1 for INDF2 (R15)
R
R
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Fixed 0
Fixed 0
R/W
-
-
-
-
R/W
R/W
R/W
WBK
-
-
-
-
GLINT
MS1
MS0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
FSR2_ID
LCD_ID
Bank Select Register 2 (for INDF2)
FSR1_ID FSR0_ID FSR2_PE LCD_PE FSR1_PE FSR0_PE
R/W
LCD RAM Column Address
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
-
-
ADJ3
ADJ2
ADJ1
ADJ0
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
R/W
R/W
R/W
-
-
-
-
-
TMR2I
TMR1I
TMR0I
-
-
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
-
-
T0EN
T0CS
T0PSR1
T0PSR0
T0ENMD TMR0IE
R/W
R/W
LCDARH1 LCDARH0
R/W
Timer 0 auto-reload register low byte
R/W
Timer 0 auto-reload register high byte
R/W
Timer 0 counting value register low byte
R/W
Timer 0 counting value register high byte
R/W
-
-
R/W
R/W
-
R/W
R/W
T1WKE
N
-
-
TMR1IE
T1EN
-
T1PSR1
T1PSR0
R/W
Timer 1 auto-reload register
R/W
R/W
R/W
WDTE
WDTPSR1 WDTPSR0
N
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
TMR2IE
T2EN
T2CS
T2PSR1
T2PSR0
R/W
Timer 2 auto-reload register
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 25
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
Addr. Register Name
2E
LCDCON
2F
-
30
STBCON
31
PORTA
32
PACON
33
DCRA
34
PAWAKE
35
PAINTEN
36
PAINTSTA
37
Port B
38
PBCON
39
DCRB
3A
PORTC
3B
PCCON
3C
DCRC
3D
PORTD
3E
PORTE
3F
DCRDE
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R1EN
BLANK
LCDON
SFR2
SFR1
SFR0
LCR1
LCR0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
01
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
KE
SCAN
BitST
ALL
STB3
STB2
STB1
STB0
R/W
R/W
Port A.7 Port A.6
R/W
R/W
R
R
R
R
Port A.5
Port A.4
Port A.3
Port A.2
Port A.1
Port A.0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
PA7PU
PA6PU
PA5PU
PA4PU
PA3PU
PA2PU
PA1PU
PA0PU
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
PA7DC
PA6DC
PA5DC
PA4DC
PA3DC
PA2DC
PA1DC
PA0DC
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
WKEN5
WKEN4
WKEN3
WKEN2
WKEN1
WKEN0
WKEN7 WKEN6
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
PA7IE
PA6IE
PA5IE
PA4IE
PA3IE
PA2IE
PA1IE
PA0IE
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
PA7I
PA6I
PA5I
PA4I
PA3I
PA2I
PA1I
PA0I
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R
R
R
R
Port B.5
Port B.4
Port B.3
Port B.2
Port B.1
Port B.0
Port B.7 Port B.6
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
PB7PU
PB6PU
PB5PU
PB4PU
PB3PU
PB2PU
PB1PU
PB0PU
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
PB7DC
PB6DC
PB5DC
PB4DC
PB3DC
PB2DC
PB1DC
PB0DC
-
-
-
-
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
-
-
-
-
Port C.3
Port C.2
Port C.1
Port C.0
-
-
-
-
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
-
-
-
-
PC3PU
PC2PU
PC1PU
PC0PU
-
-
-
-
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
-
-
-
-
PC3DC
PC2DC
PC1DC
PC0DC
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Port
D.7
Port D.6
Port D.5
Port D.4
Port D.3
Port D.2
Port D.1
Port D.0
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Port E.5
Port E.4
Port E.3
Port E.2
Port E.1
Port E.0
Port E.7 Port E.6
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
EHNPU
ELNPU
EHNDC
ELNDC
DHNPU
DLNPU
DHNDC
DLNDC
01: The register R2Fh must be fixed to 0x00.
26 •
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
7.6.2
Other Un-banked General RAM
Address
Unbanked (WBK = “0”)
00h
Unbanked (WBK = “1”)
Special register
|
19 bytes
12h
13h
General purpose RAM
|
13 bytes
1Fh
20h
Control register
|
5 bytes
24h
25h
|
Control register
General purpose RAM
27 bytes
27 bytes
3Fh
40h
General purpose RAM
|
64 bytes
7Fh
7.6.3 Banked General RAM
Address
Bank 0
Bank 1
Bank 2
Bank 3
80h
General
General
General
General
|
Purpose
Purpose
Purpose
Purpose
FFh
RAM
RAM
RAM
RAM
……
Bank 63
General
……
Purpose
RAM
7.7 LCD RAM Map
LCD RAM
RAM Address
LCDARL
SEG0
00H
:
:
SEG97
61H
11 (Page 3)
COM31-COM24
Bit 7 - Bit 0
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
LCDARH[1:0]
10 (Page 2)
01 (Page 1)
COM23-COM16
COM15-COM8
Bit 7 - Bit 0
Bit 7 - Bit 0
00 (Psge 0)
COM7-COM0
Bit 7 - Bit 0
• 27
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
7.8 Special Register Description
7.8.1 ACC (R0Ah): Accumulator Register
Internal data transfer operation, or instruction operand holding usually involves the
temporary storage function of the Accumulator. The Accumulator is not an
addressable register.
7.8.2 POST_ID (R21h): Post Increase / Decrease Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
FSR2_ID
LCD_ID
FSR1_ID
FSR0_ID
FSR2PE
LCDPE
FSR1PE
FSR0PE
Bit 0 (FSR0PE): Enable FSR0 post increase/decrease function. FSR0 will NOT carry
into or borrow from BSR.
Bit 1 (FSR1PE): Enable FSR1 post increase/decrease function. FSR1 will carry into or
borrow from BSR1.
Bit 3 (FSR2PE): Enable FSR2 post increase/decrease function. FSR2 will carry into or
borrow from BSR2.
Bit 4 (FSR0_ID): 0: auto decrease FSR0
1: auto increase FSR0
Bit 5 (FSR1_ID): 0: auto decrease FSR1
1: auto increase FSR1
Bit 7 (FSR2_ID): 0: auto decrease FSR2
1: auto increase FSR2
7.8.3 BSR, FSR0, INDF0 (R02h, R01h, R00h): Indirect Address
Pointer 0 Registers
BSR (R02h) determines which bank is active (working bank) among the 64 banks
(Bank 0 ~ Bank 63).
FSR0 (R01h) is an address register for INDF0. User can select up to 256 bytes
(Address: 00 ~ 0FFh).
INDF0 (R00h) is not a physically implemented register.
7.8.4 BSR1, FSR1, INDF1 (R05h, R04h, R03h): Indirect Address
Pointer 1 Registers
BSR1 (R05h) is a bank register for INDF1. It cannot determine the working bank for
the general register.
FSR1 (R04h) is an address register for INDF1. User can select up to 128 bytes
(Address: 80 ~ 0FFh). Bit 7 of FSR1 is fixed to “1”.
INDF1 (R03h) is not a physically implemented register.
28 •
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
7.8.5 BSR2, FSR2, INDF2 (R12h, R11h, R10h): Indirect Address
Pointer 2 Registers
BSR2 (R12h) is a bank register for INDF2. It cannot determine the working bank for
the general register.
FSR2 (R11h) is an address register for INDF2. User can select up to 128 bytes
(Address: 80 ~ 0FFh). Bit 7 of FSR2 is fixed to “1”
INDF2 (R10h) is not a physically implemented register.
„
Code Example:
Data transform Bank 0 to Bank 1:
MOV
A,#00110011B
MOV
POST_ID,A
BANK
#0
MOV
A,#1
MOV
BSR1,A
MOV
A,#80H
MOV
FSR0,A
CLR
FSR1
MOV
A,#80H
RPT
ACC
MOVRP INDF1,INDF0
:
Data transform Bank 0 to Bank 2:
MOV
A,#10011001B
MOV
POST_ID,A
BANK
#0
MOV
A,#2
MOV
BSR2,A
MOV
A,#80H
MOV
FSR0,A
CLR
FSR2
MOV
A,#80H
RPT
ACC
MOVRP INDF2,INDF0
:
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
; Enable FSR0 & FSR1 post increase
; BSR = 0 working Bank
; BSR1 = 1 is Bank 1
; FSR0 = 80H
; FSR1 = 80H
; Move 80H ~ 0FFH data to Bank 1
; Enable FSR0 & FSR2 post increase
; BSR = 0 working Bank
; BSR2 = 1 is Bank 2
; FSR0 = 80H
; FSR2 = 80H
; Move 80H ~ 0FFH data to Bank 2
• 29
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
„
INDF1 Linear Address Capabilities
Auto Increase on FSR1
(Set FSR1PE=1,FSR1 ID=1)
Instruction
INDF1
ACC
BSR1
FSR1
03
FF
AA
00
04
80
BB
AA
04
81
CC
BB
04
82
DD
CC
MOV A,INDF1
File Register
MOV A,INDF1
MOV A,INDF1
BANK 4
BANK 3
80h
81h
82h
:
BB
CC
:
(* FSR1 will carry into BSR1)
(*Bit 7 of FSR1is fixed to 1)
DD
:
FDh
FEh
88
99
FFh
AA
Auto Decrease on FSR1
(Set FSR1PE=1,FSR1 ID=0)
:
:
Instruction
INDF1
ACC
BSR1
FSR1
04
80
BB
00
03
FF
AA
BB
03
FE
99
AA
03
FD
88
99
MOV A,INDF1
MOV A,INDF1
MOV A,INDF1
:
(* FSR1 will borrow from BSR1)
(*Bit 7 of FSR1is fixed to 1)
Figure 7-10 INDF1 Linear Address Capabilities Diagram
„
Code Example:
;*************************************
;*
Const => Working bank setting
;* REG => Save or Recall register
;*************************************
; *** RAM stack macro
; *** Initial RAM stack
IniRAMsk MACRO
#Const
MOV
A,#Const
MOV
BSR1,A
CLR
FSR1
BS
POST_ID,FSR1PE
ENDM
; *** Push RAM stack
PushRAM
MACRO REG
BS
POST_ID,FSR1_ID
MOVRP INDF1,REG
ENDM
; *** Pop RAM stack
PopRAM
MACRO REG
BC
POST_ID,FSR1_ID
MOVPR REG,INDF1
ENDM
30 •
; *** Main start program
Mstart:
:
:
IniRAMsk #29
:
:
MnLoop:
:
:
LJMP
MnLoop
; *** Interrupt routine
IntSR:
PushRAM
ACC
PushRAM
Status
:
:
:
PopRAM
Status
PopRAM
ACC
RETI
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
„
INDF2 Linear Address Capabilities
Figure 7-11 INDF2 Linear Address Capabilities Diagram
„
Code Example:
;*************************************
;* Const => Working bank setting
;* REG => Save or Recall register
;*************************************
; ***** RAM stack macro
; *** Initial RAM stack
IniRAMsk MACRO
#Const
MOV
A,#Const
MOV
BSR2,A
CLR
FSR2
BS
POST_ID,FSR2PE
ENDM
; *** Push RAM stack
PushRAM
MACRO REG
BS
POST_ID,FSR2_ID
MOVRP INDF2,REG
ENDM
; *** Pop RAM stack
PopRAM
MACRO REG
BC
POST_ID,FSR2_ID
MOVPR REG,INDF2
ENDM
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
; *** Main start program
Mstart:
:
:
IniRAMsk #29
:
:
MnLoop:
:
:
LJMP
MnLoop
; *** Interrupt routine
IntSR:
PushRAM
ACC
PushRAM
Status
:
:
:
PopRAM
Status
PopRAM
ACC
RETI
• 31
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
7.8.6 STKPTR (R06h): Stack Pointer Register
The initial stack pointer is 00h. Each INT/CALL will stack (the STKPTR will subtract 2)
two bytes of address with a total capacity of 32 levels. When the stack overflows, it will
replace the first stack level.
NOTE
This Bank RAM does not include the stack RAM. The stack RAM is independent. You
cannot see the stack RAM.
7.8.7 PCL, PCM, PCH (R07h, R08h, R09h): Program Counter
Registers
Bit 23 ~ Bit17
Bit16
Bit 15 ~ Bit 8
Bit 7 ~ Bit 0
0
PCH
PCM
PCL
Generates up to 64K×16 on-chip ROM addresses for the relative programming
instruction codes.
“S0CALL” loads the lower 12 bits of the PC (4K×16 ROM)
“SCALL” or ”SJMP” loads the lower 13 bits of the PC (8K×16 ROM)
“LCALL” or ”LJMP” loads the full 14 bits of the PC (16K×16 ROM)
“ADD R7, A” or “ADC R7, A” allows a relative address to be added into the current
PC. The carry bit of R7 will automatically carry into the PCM.
„
Code Example:
START:
MOV
A,entry
MOV
number,A
LCALL Indirect_JUMP
AAA:
:
:
Indirect_JUMP:
MOV
A,number
ADD
A,ACC
ADD
PCL,A
Function_Table:
LJMP Function_Address_1
LJMP Function_Address_2
LJMP Function_Address_3
LJMP Function_Address_4
LJMP Function_Address_5
LJMP Function_Address_6
LJMP Function_Address_7
:
Function_Address_1:
:
:
RET
32 •
; number Å entry
; AÅ 2*A
; PCLÅ PCL+A
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
number=0
number=1
number=2
number=3
number=4
number=5
number=6
; Function 1 operation
; PC will return to AAA label
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
7.8.8 TABPTRL, TABPTRM, TABPTH (R0Bh, R0Ch, R0Dh): Table
Pointer Registers
Bit 23 ~ Bit 17
Bit 16
Bit 15~ Bit 8
Bit 7 ~ Bit 0
0
TABPTRH
TABPTRM
TABPTRL
Program ROM or Internal ROM address register.
Bit 17 ~ Bit 1 are used to point the memory address.
Bit 0 is used to select the low or high byte of the pointed word (see TBRD instruction in
the Instruction Set under Section 12)
„
Code Example:
; *** Program ROM
:
:
TBPTH #(PROMTabB*2)/10000H
TBPTM #(PROMTabB*2)/100H
TBPTL #PROMTabB*2
:
:
TBRD
0,ACC
TBRD
1,ACC
TBRD
2,ACC
:
; not change
; auto-increase
; auto-decrease
; *** Program ROM data
PROMTabB:
DB
0x00,0x01,0x02,0x03,0x04,0x05
DB
0x10,0x11,0x12,0x13,0x14,0x15
DB
0x20,0x21,0x22,0x23,0x24,0x25
7.8.9 CPUCON (R20h): MCU Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
WBK
–
–
–
–
GLINT
MS1
MS0
Bit 7 (WBK): Select Working RAM
0: Set un-banked (24h~3Fh) change to Control registers
1: Set un-banked (24h~3Fh) change to General Purpose RAM
Bit 2 (GLINT): Global interrupt control bit
0: Disable all interrupts
1: Enable all un-mask interrupts
Bit 1 (MS1): Select Sleep Mode or Idle Mode after executing “SLEP” instruction
0: Sleep Mode
1: Idle Mode
Bit 0 (MS0): Select Slow Mode or Fast Mode
0: Slow Mode
1: Fast Mode
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 33
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
7.8.10 STBCON (R30): Strobe Output Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
KE
SCAN
BitST
ALL
STB3
STB2
STB1
STB0
Bit 7 (KE): Port A input enable/disable control bit (control at Port A.6 ~ 0)
0: Disable Port A input function
1: Enable Port A input function
Bit 6 (SCAN): Automatic key scan or specify the scan signal bit by bit
0: Key scan is specified as “Bits STB3 ~ 0 defined”
1: Auto strobe scanning
Bit 5 (BitST): Enable SEG0 ~ SEG15 as key strobe pins
0: SEG0 ~ SEG15 are used as LCD segment signal pins only
1: SEG0 ~ SEG15 are used as key strobe pins and LCD segment pins.
Strobe signal is STB3 ~ 0 defined
Bit 4 (ALL): Set all strobe
0: Bit strobe
1: All strobe
Bits 3 ~ 0 (STB3 ~ 0): 16 to 1 multiplex selector of key strobe pin (control at SEG15~0)
7.8.11 Port A (R31h): General I/O Pins Register
Port A (R31h) Port A.0 ~ 7 are general I/O pin registers
7.8.12 PACON (R32h): Port A Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
PA7PU
PA6PU
PA5PU
PA4PU
PA3PU
PA2PU
PA1PU
PA0PU
Bits 7 ~ 0 (PA7PU ~ PA0PU): Enable PortA.0 ~ PortA.7 pull-up resistor bits
0: Disable PortA.0 ~ PortA.7 pull-up resistor
1: Enable PortA.0 ~ PortA.7 pull-up resistor
7.8.13 DCRA (R33h): Port A Direction Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
PA7DC
PA6DC
PA5DC
PA4DC
PA3DC
PA2DC
PA1DC
PA0DC
Bit 7 ~ Bit 0 (PA7DC ~ PA0DC): PortA.0~PortA.7 direction control bits
0: Set as output pin
1: Set as input pin
34 •
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
7.8.14 PAWAKE (R34h): Port A Wake-up Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
WKEN7
WKEN6
WKEN5
WKEN4
WKEN3
WKEN2
WKEN1
WKEN0
Bits 7 ~ 0 (WKEN7 ~ WKEN0): Wake up enable control bits of PortA.7~PortA.0.
0: Disable PortA.7 ~ PortA.0 wake-up function
1: Enable PortA.7 ~ PortA.0 wake-up function
NOTE
This function is only available with Port A selected as input pin.
7.8.15 PAINTEN (R35h): Port A Interrupt Enable Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
PA7IE
PA6IE
PA5IE
PA4IE
PA3IE
PA2IE
PA1IE
PA0IE
Bit 7 ~ Bit 0 (PA7IE ~ PA0IE): Interrupt Control bits
0: Disable Port A interrupt function
1: Enable Port A interrupt function
NOTE
This function is only available with Port A selected as input pin.
7.8.16 PAINTSTA (R36h): Port A Interrupt Status Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
PA7I
PA6I
PA5I
PA4I
PA3I
PA2I
PA1I
PA0I
Bit 7 ~ Bit 0 (PA7I ~ PA0I): INT status of Port A.7 ~ PortA.0 interrupts bits
Set to “1” when a pin falling edge is detected.
Clear to “0” by software.
7.8.17 Port B (R37h): General I/O Pins Register
Port B (R37h) Port B.0 ~ 7 are general I/O pins register
7.8.18 PBCON (R38h): Port B Pull-up Resistor Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
PB7PU
PB6PU
PB5PU
PB4PU
PB3PU
PB2PU
PB1PU
PB0PU
Bit 7 ~ Bit 0 (PB7PU ~ PB0PU): Port B.0 ~ Port B.7 pull-up resistor control bits
0: Disable pull-up resistor
1: Enable pull-up resistor
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 35
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
NOTE
This function is only available with Port B selected as input pin.
7.8.19 DCRB (R39h): Port B Direction Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
PB7DC
PB6DC
PB5DC
PB4DC
PB3DC
PB2DC
PB1DC
PB0DC
Bit 7 ~ Bit 0 (PB7DC ~ PB0DC): Port B.0 ~Port B.7 direction control bits
0: Set as output pin
1: Set as input pin
7.8.20 Port C (R3Ah): General I/O Pins Register
Port C (R3Ah) PortC.0 ~ 3 are general I/O pins register
7.8.21 PCCON (R3Bh): Port C Pull-up Resistor Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
-
-
-
-
PC3PU
PC2PU
PC1PU
PC0PU
Bit 3 ~ Bit 0 (PC3PU ~ PC0PU): Port C.0 ~ PortC.3 pull-up resistor control bits
0: Disable pull-up resistor
1: Enable pull-up resistor
NOTE
This function is only available with Port C selected as input pin.
7.8.22 DCRC (R3Ch): Port C Direction Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
-
-
-
-
PC3DC
PC2DC
PC1DC
PC0DC
Bit 3 ~ Bit 0 (PC3DC ~ PC0DC): Port C.0 ~PortC.3 direction control bits
0: Set to output pin
1: Set to input pin
7.8.23 Port D, Port E (R3Dh, R3Eh): General I/O Pins Registers
Port D (R3Dh) Port D.0 ~ 7 are general I/O pins register
Port E (R3Eh) Port E.0 ~ 7 are general I/O pins register
36 •
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
7.8.24 DCRDE (R3Fh): Port D/Port E Direction Control and Pull-up
Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
EHNPU
ELNPU
EHNDC
ELNEC
DHNPU
DLNPU
DHNDC
DLNDC
Bit 1, Bit 5 (DHNDC, EHNDC) and Bit 0, Bit 4 (DLNDC, ELNDC): Port D and E high /
low nibbles direction control.
0: Set to output pin
1: Set to input pin
Bit 3, Bit 7 (DHNPU, EHNPU) and Bit 2, Bit 6 (DLNPU, ELNPU): Enable Ports D and
E high/low nibbles pull-high resistor.
0: Disable pull-up resistor
1: Enable pull-up resistor
NOTE
1. The pull-up function is only available with Port D and E selected as input pin.
2. When a Ports D and E bits are set to input pin, a 15 µsec delay in reading the Port D
and E data must be provided. Otherwise, the read data will be inaccurate. See
Example below.
„
Code Example:
; *** Set Port D to input pins
MOV
A,#0X0F
MOV
DCRDE,A
Read_PD:
JBS
PORTD,0,Read_PD
Delay 15usec
JBS
PORTD,0,Read_PD
SJMP
Read_PD
; *** Set Port E to input pins
MOV
A,#0XF0
MOV
DCRDE,A
Read_PE:
JBS
PORTE,0,Read_PE
Delay 15usec
JBS
PORTE,0,Read_PE
SJMP
Read_PE
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 37
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
8
Peripheral
8.1 Timer 0 (16-Bit Timer with Event Counter Function)
TRL0H:TRL0L
T0CS
T0PSR1~0
T0ENMD
T0EN
Fosc
Fcs
Prescaler
FHOSC/2
Function
enable
selector
reload
underflow
Timer 0 INT
Timer 0
counting
value
T0CH:T0CL
EVIN
Figure 8-1 Timer 0 Functional Block Diagram
„
Timer 0 Mode
Timer 0 is a general-purpose 16 bits down counter used on applications that require
time counting with interrupt. The clock source (FCS) is selectable from the oscillator
clock (FOSC) or half of the system clock (FHOSC).
A prescaler for the timer is also provided. The T0PSR1 ~ T0PSR0 bits of TR0CON
register determine the prescaler ratio and generate different clock rates as clock source
for the timer.
Counter value is decremented by one (count down) according to the timer clock source
frequency. When underflow occurs, the timer interrupt is triggered if the global interrupt
and Timer 0 interrupt are both enabled. At the same time, TRL0H:TRL0L will
automatically reload into the 16 bits counter.
T=
„
1
× Pr escaler × (TRL0 H : TRL0 L + 1)
FCS
Event Counter Mode, EVIN (Port C.3) Pin
Event counter is a function that allows the 16-bit counter value to decrease by one
when an event occurs on the EVIN pin at every rising edge. In other words, the clock
source of Timer 0 is from an external event (EVIN pin).
The EVIN pin can be configured into event counter input function by setting the
T0ENMD bit of TR0CON register (see next page) to “1.” The counter value of Timer 0
will be stored in T0CH: T0CL registers.
NOTE
If the program uses the event counter mode, the Port C.3 will be fixed at input pin and
Port C.3 cannot be controlled by the DCRC register.
38 •
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
„
Event Counter Mode Example:
T0ENMD
0
1
EVIN
Timer 0
P0
P1
P2
P3
P4
P5
T0CH : T0CL
P0
P1
P2
P3
P4
P5
8.1.1 Timer 0 Registers
„
TRL0H:TRL0L (R26h, R27h): Timer 0 Reload Registers
Reload registers are used to store the auto-reload value of Timer 0. When Timer 0 is
enabled or underflow occurs, TRL0H:TRL0L registers will automatically reload into 16
bits counter.
„
T0CH:T0CL(R28h, R29h): Timer 0 Counter Value Register
Used to store the value compared with Timer 0 register.
„
TR0CON (R25h): Timer Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
–
–
T0ENMD
TMR0IE
T0EN
T0CS
T0PSR1
T0PSR0
Bit 5 (T0ENMD): Timer 0 / Event counter selection bit
0: Timer 0 mode
1: Event counter mode
Bit 4 (TMR0IE): Timer 0 interrupt control bit
0: Disable interrupt function
1: Enable interrupt function
Bit 3 (T0EN): Timer 0 enable control bit
0: Disable
1: Enable
Bit 2 (T0CS): Timer 0 clock source select bit
0: Clock source is from Fosc
1: Clock source is from Fhosc/2
Bit 1 ~ Bit 0 (T0PSR1 ~ T0PSR0): Timer 0 prescaler select bits
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 39
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
„
T0PSR1 : T0PSR0
Prescaler Value
00
1:1
01
1:4
10
1:16
11
1:64
CPUCON (R20h): MCU Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
WBK
–
–
–
–
GLINT
MS1
MS0
Bit 2 (GLINT): Global interrupt enable/disable bit
0: Disable all interrupts
1: Enable all un-mask interrupts
„
INTSTA (R24h): Timer Interrupt Status Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
-
-
-
-
-
TMR2I
TMR1I
TMR0I
Bit 0 (TMR0I): When Timer 0 interrupt occurs, this bit will be set. Clear to “0” by
software.
„
Code Example:
; === Timer 0 interrupt
TIMERINT:
PUSH
JBC
INTSTA,TMR0I,Q_Time
BC
INTSTA,TMR0I
BTG
PORTA,7
Q_Time:
POP
RETI
; === Timer 0 = [1/(300K/2)] * [1 x(1FFFh + 1)]
Timer0SR:
:
System setting 300kHz
PA.7 setting output pin
:
MOV
A,#0B00000100
AND
TR0CON,A
; FHOSC and Pre-scale 1:1
MOV
A,#0X1F
MOV
TRL0H,A
MOV
A,#0XFF
MOV
TRL0L,A
; 13.65ms=[1x(8191 + 1)/(300K/2)
BC
TR0CON,T0ENMD
; 0=> Timer 0 mode
BS
TR0CON,T0EN
; Timer 0 enable.
BS
TR0CON,TMR0IE
; Timer 0 interrupt enable.
BC
INTSTA,TMR0I
; Clear Timer 0 interrupt status
BS
CPUCON,GLINT
; Enable global interrupt
TimeLoop:
SJMP
TimeLoop
40 •
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
; === Timer 0 interrupt
TIMERINT:
PUSH
JBC
INTSTA,TMR0I,Q_Time
BC
INTSTA,TMR0I
BTG
PORTA,7
Q_Time:
POP
RETI
; === Event counter set
TR0_Event:
:
PA.7 setting output pin
:
MOV
A,#0XFF
MOV
TRL0L,A
CLR
TRL0H
BS
TR0CON,T0ENMD
BS
TR0CON,T0EN
BS
TR0CON,TMR0IE
BS
CPUCON,GLINT
EventWait:
SJMP
EventWait
; Switch 256 times reload
;
;
;
;
;
Count start 00FFh
1 => Event counter mode
Enable Timer 0
Enable Timer 0 interrupt
Enable global interrupt
8.2 Timer 1 (8 Bits)
TR L1
reload
Fosc
Prescaler
T im er 1
Tim er 1 INT or
underflow Tim er 1 wake up
T1PS R1~0
Figure 8-2 Timer 1 Function Block Diagram
Timer 1 is a general-purpose 8-bit down counter used on applications that require time
counting with interrupt and wake-up functions. The clock source is from the oscillator
clock (FOSC).
A prescaler for the timer is also available. The T1PSR1 ~ T1PSR0 bits of TR1CON
register determine the pre-scale ratio and generate different clock rates as clock source
for the timer. Setting T1WKEN bit of TR1CON register to “1” will enable the Timer 1
underflow wake-up function in Idle Mode.
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 41
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
The Counter value will be decremented by one (count down) according to the timer
clock source frequency. When the counter underflows, the timer interrupt is triggered if
the global interrupt and Timer 1 interrupt are both enabled. At the same time, TRL1 will
automatically reload into 8 bits counter.
T=
1
FOSC
× Pr escaler × (TRL1 + 1)
8.2.1 Timer 1 Registers
„
TRL1 (R2Bh): Timer 1 Reload Register
This register is used to store the auto-reload value of Timer 1. When Timer 1 is
enabled or underflow occurs, TRL1 register will automatically reload into 8 bits counter.
„
CPUCON (R20h): MCU Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
WBK
–
–
–
–
GLINT
MS1
MS0
Bit 2 (GLINT): Global interrupt enable/disable bit
0: Disable all interrupt
1: Enable all un-mask interrupt
„
TR1CON (R2Ah): Timer 1 Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
T1WKEN
–
–
TMR1IE
T1EN
–
T1PSR1
T1PSR0
Bit 7 (T1WKEN): Enable bit of Timer 1 underflow wake-up function in Idle Mode
0: Disable Timer 1 wake-up function
1: Enable Timer 1 wake-up function
Bit 4 (TMR1IE): Control bit of Timer 1 interrupt
0: Disable interrupt function
1: Enable interrupt function
Bit 3 (T1EN): Timer 1 enable control bit
0: Disable Timer 1 (stop counting)
1: Enable Timer 1
Bit 1 ~ Bit 0 (T1PSR1 ~ T1PSR0): Timer 1 prescaler select bits
T1PSR1 : T1PSR0
42 •
Prescaler Value
00
1:4
01
1:16
10
1:64
11
1:256
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
„
INTSTA (R24h): Timer Interrupt Status Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
-
-
-
-
-
TMR2I
TMR1I
TMR0I
Bit 1 (TMR1I): When Timer 1 interrupt occurs, this bit will be set. Clear to “0” by
software.
„
Code Example:
; === Timer 1 interrupt
TIMERINT:
PUSH
JBC
INTSTA,TMR1I,Q_Time
BC
INTSTA,TMR1I
BTG
PORTA,7
Q_Time:
POP
RETI
; === Timer1 = 32.768K / [256 x (3Fh + 1)]
Timer1SR:
:
PA.7 setting output pin
:
MOV
A,#10000011B
MOV
TR1CON,A
; Fosc a Pre-scale 1:256 & wakeup
MOV
A,#03FH
MOV
TRL1,A
; 0.5sec=[256x(63+1)]/32.768K
BS
TR1CON,T1EN
; Timer 1 enable.
BS
TR1CON,TMR1IE
; Timer 1 interrupt enable.
BC
INTSTA,TMR1I
; Clear timer1 interrupt status.
BS
CPUCON,GLINT
; Enable global interrupt.
BS
CPUCON,MS1
; Idle mode.
T1Wloop:
SLEP
NOP
:
SJMP
T1Wloop
8.3 Timer 2 (8 Bits)
TRL2
reload
Fosc
Fcs
Prescaler
Timer 2
T2PSR1~0
T2EN
underflow
Timer 2 INT
FHOSC/2
T2CS
Figure 8-3 Timer 2 Function Block Diagram
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 43
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
Timer 2 is a general-purpose 8-bit down counter used on applications that require a
time counter with interrupt. The clock source (FCS) may be selected from the oscillator
clock (FOSC) or half of the system clock (FHOSC/2).
A prescaler for the timer is also available. The T2PSR1 ~ T2PSR0 bits of TR2WCON
register determine the prescaler ratio and generate different clock rates as clock source
for the timer.
Counter value is decreased by one (counting down) according to the timer clock source
frequency. When counter value underflows, the timer interrupt is triggered (if Timer 2
interrupt is enabled).
T=
1
× Pr escaler × (TRL 2 + 1)
FCS
8.3.1 Timer 2 Registers
„
TRL2 (R2Dh): Timer 2 Reload Register
This register is used to store the auto-reload value of Timer 2. When Timer 2 is
enabled or underflow occurs, TRL2 register will automatically reload into 8 bits counter.
„
TR2WCON (R2Ch): Timer 2/Watchdog Timer Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
WDTEN WDTPSR1 WDTPSR0 TMR2IE
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
T2EN
T2CS
T2PSR1
T2PSR0
Bit 4 (TMR2IE): Control bit of Timer 2 interrupt
0: Disable interrupt function
1: Enable interrupt function
Bit 3 (T2EN): Timer 2 enable control bit
0: Disable Timer 2 (stop counting)
1: Enable Timer 2
Bit 2 (T2CS): Timer 2 clock source select bit
0: Clock source is from Fosc
1: Clock source is from Fhosc/2
Bit 1 ~ Bit 0 (T2PSR1 ~ T2PSR0): Timer 2 prescaler select bits
44 •
T2PSR1 : T2PSR0
Prescaler Value
00
1:1
01
1:2
10
1:4
11
1:8
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
„
CPUCON (R20h): MCU Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
WBK
–
–
–
–
GLINT
MS1
MS0
Bit 2 (GLINT): Global interrupt enable/disable bit
0: Disable all interrupt
1: Enable all un-mask interrupts
„
INTSTA (R24h): Timer Interrupt Status Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
–
–
–
–
–
TMR2I
TMR1I
TMR0I
Bit 2 (TMR2I): When Timer 2 interrupt occurs, this bit will be set. Clear to “0” by
software.
„
Code Example:
; === Timer 2 interrupt
TIMERINT:
PUSH
JBC
INTSTA,TMR2I,Q_Time
BC
INTSTA,TMR2I
BTG
PORTA,7
Q_Time:
POP
RETI
; === Timer 2 = (1/32.768K) X [4 x (FFh + 1)]
Timer 2SR:
:
PA.7 setting output pin
:
MOV
A,#00000010B
MOV
TR2WCON,A
; Fosc and Pre-scale=1:4
MOV
A,#0XFF
MOV
TRL2,A
; 31.25ms=[4x(255+1)]/32768
BS
TR2WCON,T2EN
; Timer 2 Enable
BS
TR2WCON,TMR2IE
; Timer 2 interrupt Enable
BC
INTSTA,TMR2I
; Clear Timer 2 interrupt Status
TMR2Loop:
SJMP
TMR2Loop
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 45
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
8.4 Watchdog Timer (WDT)
Instruction "WDTC"
Fosc/2 except @
Sleep mode
reset
FWDT
MUX
Internal RC OSC
@ Sleep mode
(16kHz +/- 20%)
8-bit Counter
(WDT)
Prescaler
overflow
WDT Time out reset
2
Enable
MCU mode
WDTPSR1~0
WDTEN
Figure 8-4 Watchdog Timer Functional Block Diagram
The watchdog timer (WDT) clock source comes from an on-chip RC oscillator (16kHz ±
20%, MCU in Sleep mode) or FOSC/2 (MCU in Fast, Slow, or Idle mode). The WDT will
keep on running even after the oscillator has been turned off.
The WDTEN bit controls the WDT’s enable/disable functions. The initial state of WDT
is disabled. When WDT is enabled, its time-out will cause the MCU to reset. You
should use “WDTC” instruction to clear the WDT value before WDT time-out. A
prescaler is provided to generate different clock rates for the WDT clock source. The
prescaler ratio is defined by WDTPSR1 and WDTPSR0.
The WDT time out range is 64ms (prescaler=1:4) to 2.048 second (prescaler=1:128).
T=
1
FWDT
× Pr escaler × (WDT + 1)
8.4.1 Watchdog Timer (WDT) Registers
„
TR2WCON (R2Ch): Timer 2/Watchdog Timer Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
WDTEN WDTPSR1 WDTPSR0 TMR2IE
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
T2EN
T2CS
T2PSR1
T2PSR0
Bit 7 (WDTEN): Watchdog Timer enable bit
0: Disable Watchdog Timer (stop running)
1: Enable Watchdog Timer
Bit 6 ~ Bit 5 (WDTPSR1 ~ WDTPSR0): Watchdog Timer prescaler select bits
WDTPSR1: WDTPSR0
46 •
Prescaler Value
00
1:4
01
1:16
10
1:64
11
1:128
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
Code Example:
„
; === WDT setting 2.048sec
:
Timer 1 (0.5sec wakeup)
:
BS
TR2WCON,WDTPSR1
BS
TR2WCON,WDTPSR0
BS
TR2WCON,WDTEN
BC
CPUCON,MS1
WDTC
SLEP
WDT_Loop:
SJMP
WDT_Loop
; Pre-scale 1:128
; WDT enable
; Change to sleep mode
8.5 Input/Output Key
Key Matrix:
„
8 pins key input (Port A.7 ~ 0) and 12 pins key strobe (Port B.7 ~ 0 and Port C.3 ~
0) can achieve a maximum of 96 keys matrix.
Keyboard: PA.7~0 and PB.7~0 & PC.3~0
LCD Panel
COM0:31
SEG0:97
12
Keyboard
PB.0~7,
PC.0~3
ePS6800
PA.0~
6
PA.0~7
8
Figure 8-5 Key Function Block Diagram
8.5.1
Key Functions
KE
R1EN
PA6PU~PA0PU
Total Pull-up
Resistor
Port A.6 ~ 0
0
×
×
Off
High-Z
0
0
Off
Floating
0
1
R2
PA.0~.6
1
0
R1
1
1
1
R1 // R2
Note
Prohibited
PA.0~.6
1
PA.0~.6
×: Don’t care
1
R1 // R2 = R1xR2 / (R1+R2)
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 47
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
8.5.2 Key Strobe (PA.7 ~ 0 and PB.7 ~ 0 and PC.3 ~ 0)
The following are ways to output a strobe signal:
„
Waiting Key Scan Mode
When in Waiting Key Scan mode, Bit 7 ~ 0 of PAINT or PAWAKE must be enabled,
and PB.7 ~ 0 and PC.3 ~ 0 must be output Low.
In Key Scan mode, if any falling edge of the PA.0 ~ 7 pins is detected (when
PAINTEN=1), wake-up will occur. Then the CPU runs and interrupt is triggered (if
enabled).
„
Software Key Scan Mode
Software key scan is used to determine “which key is pressed”. Refer to the table
below in determining which Port B bit must be output pins with low voltage.
Key Input
KE R1EN
0
1
×
0
Key Output
Total
Pull-up PA.6 ~ 0
Resistor
PA7PU ~
PA0PU
×
Floating
1
R2
High-Z
PA.0~6
Port B
PA.7
PBCON DCRB
Bit0 Bit1 Bit2 Bit3 Bit4 Bit5 Bit6 Bit7
Floating
PA.7
0×FF
0xFF
0×FF
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0×FE
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0×FD
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
0×FB
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
0×F7
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
0×EF
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
0×DF
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
0×BF
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
0×7F
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
×: Don’t care
Software key scan is used to determine “which key is pressed”. Refer to the table
below in determining which Port C bit must be output pins with low voltage.
Key Intput
KE
0
1
R1EN
Key Output
PA7PU ~
PA0PU
Total
Pull-up
Resistor
PA.6 ~ 0
×
Floating
High-Z
×
0
1
R2
Port C
PA.0~6
PA.7
Floating
PA.7
PCCON DCRC
0×0F
0x0F
Bit0
Bit1
Bit2
Bit3
0×0F
1
1
1
1
0x0E
0
1
1
1
0x0D
1
0
1
1
0x0B
1
1
0
1
0x07
1
1
1
0
×: Don’t care
48 •
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
8.5.3 Input/Output Key Registers
„
DCRA (R33): Port A Direction Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
PA7DC
PA6DC
PA5DC
PA4DC
PA3DC
PA2DC
PA1DC
PA0DC
Bit 7 ~ Bit 0: Direction control of Port A.0~7
0: output pin
1: input pin
„
Port A (R31h): Port A Register
Bit 6 ~ Bit 0: Port A input is selected by PA6DC~PA0DC bits of the DCRA register
(above). The input structure and 2-stage pull-up resistor are controlled
together by PA6PU ~ PA0PU bits of PACON register and R1EN, KE bits
of the STBCON register (see below).
Bit 7: Port A input is selected by PA7DC bit of the DCRA register (above). The pull-up
resistor is controlled by PA7PU bit of the PACON register (see below).
„
PACON (R32h): Port A Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
PA7PU
PA6PU
PA5PU
PA4PU
PA3PU
PA2PU
PA1PU
PA0PU
Bit 7 ~ Bit 0 (PA7PU ~ PA0PU): Pull-up resistor (R2 large resistor) control bits
0: Disable PortA.0 ~ PortA.7 pull-up resistor
1: Enable PortA.0 ~ PortA.7 pull-up resistor
„
PAINTEN (R35h): Port A Interrupt Enable Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
PA7IE
PA6IE
PA5IE
PA4IE
PA3IE
PA2IE
PA1IE
PA0IE
Bit 7 ~ Bit 0 (PA7IE ~ PA0IE): Interrupt control bit
0: Disable Interrupt function
1: Enable Interrupt function
NOTE
This function is only available with Port A selected as input pin.
„
PAINTSTA (R36h): Port A Interrupt Status Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
PA7I
PA6I
PA5I
PA4I
PA3I
PA2I
PA1I
PA0I
Bit 7 ~ Bit 0 (PA7I ~ PA0I): INT status of Port A interrupt
Set to “1” when a pin falling edge is detected.
Clear to “0” by software.
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 49
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
„
LCDCON (R2Eh): LCD Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
R1EN
BLANK
LCDON
SFR2
SFR1
SFR0
LCR1
LCR0
Bit 7 (R1EN): R1 pull-up resistor (small resistor) control bit for Port A.6 ~ Port A.0.
0: Disable R1 pull-up resistor
1: Enable R1 pull-up resistor
„
STBCON (R30h): Strobe Output Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
KE
SCAN
BitST
ALL
STB3
STB2
STB1
STB0
Bit 7 (KE): Port A input enable/disable control bit (control at Port A.6 ~ 0)
0: Disable Port A input function
1: Enable Port A input function
„
Port B (R37h): Port B Register
Bit 7 ~ Bit 0: Port B is output that is selected by PB7DC ~ PB0DC bits of DCRB
register (see DCRB below). The pull-up resistor is controlled by PB7PU
~ PB0PU bits of PBCON register (see below).
„
PBCON (R38h): Port B Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
PB7PU
PB6PU
PB5PU
PB4PU
PB3PU
PB2PU
PB1PU
PB0PU
Bit 7 ~ Bit 0 (PB7PU ~ PB0PU): Port B.0 ~ Port B.7 pull-up resistor control bits
0: Disable pull-up resistor
1: Enable pull-up resistor
„
DCRB (R39h): Port B Direction Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
PB7DC
PB6DC
PB5DC
PB4DC
PB3DC
PB2DC
PB1DC
PB0DC
Bit 7 ~ Bit 0: Direction control of Port B.0~7
0: output pin
1: input pin
„
Port C (R3Ah): Port C Register
Bit 3 ~ Bit 0: Port C output is selected by PC3DC ~ PC0DC bits of DCRC register (see
DCRC below). The pull-up resistor is controlled by PC3PU ~ PC0PU bits
of the PCCON register (see below).
50 •
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
„
PCCON (R3Bh): Port C Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
-
-
-
-
PC3PU
PC2PU
PC1PU
PC0PU
Bit 3 ~ Bit 0 (PC7PU ~ PC0PU): Port C.0 ~ Port C.3 pull-up resistor control bits
0: Disable pull-up resistor
1: Enable pull-up resistor
„
DCRC (R3Ch): Port C Direction Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
-
-
-
-
PC3DC
PC2DC
PC1DC
PC0DC
Bit 3 ~ Bit 0: Direction control of Port C.0~3
0: output pin
1: input pin
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 51
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
„
Code Example:
; Key Matrix (Port A.0~7 and Port B.0~7):
; *** Key Scan function
:
LCD display setting
:
CLR
PORTB
CLR
DCRB
; Set PB output pins
MOV
A,#0XFF
MOV
PBCON,A
; pull-up enable
MOV
PACON,A
; R2EN enable
BS
STBCON,KE
MOV
PAWAKE,A
; Port A setting wake-up function
:
; === Idle mode waiting key scan routine
BS
CPUCON,MS1
; Idle mode
KeyIdle:
SLEP
NOP
MOV
A,PORTA
; Port A input data
JE
A,#0XFF,KeyIdle
; === Key scan routine
Polling_key_scan:
MOV
A,#0XFE
MOV
DCRB,A
KeyPolling:
LCALL DLY10US
MOV
A,PORTA
JLE
A,#0XFE, KeyScan
BS
STATUS,F_C
RLC
DCRB
JBS
STATUS,F_C,KeyPolling
:
KeyScan:
; --- Clear key number
CLR
Key_No
BC
STATUS,F_C
; --- Key Scan is finish
KeyScan_PA:
INC
Key_No
RRC
ACC
JBC
STATUS,F_C, KeyScanOk
SJMP
KeyScan_PA
KeyScanOk:
MOV
A,#0XFF
XOR
A,PORTB
ADD
Key_No,A
; Key_No: XXXX XXXX
:
52 •
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
8.6 LCD Driver
The ePS6800 provides direct drive LCD. It supports multiplexed drive for 98 SEGs ×
32 COMs which allows the use of pads as an LCD driver pin or as key input port. The
available LCD RAM corresponds directly with LCD Pixel.
This embedded LCD driver generates waveforms to drive the display.
I/O Port
Control
Registers
LCD Control
and
Mode Registers
LCD RAM
32 x 98 Bits
Commons
W aveform
Generator
I/O Port
LCD Power
Supply
Segments
W aveform
Generator
LCD or I/O Pad
Figure 8-6 LCD Driver Function Block Diagram
The following is the LCD pin configuration:
S E G 0 / K e y S tro b e 0
|
S E G 1 5 / K e y S tro b e 1 5
SEG 16
|
SEG 97
C O M 3 1 / P o rt E .7
|
C O M 2 4 / P o rt E .0
C O M 2 3 / P o r t D .7
|
C O M 1 6 / P o r t D .0
C O M 15
|
COM0
Figure 8-7 LCD Pin Configuration
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 53
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
8.6.1 LCD Driver Registers
„
LCDCON (R2Eh): LCD Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
R1EN
BLANK
LCDON
SFR2
SFR1
SFR0
LCR1
LCR0
Bit 6 (BLANK): LCD Blanking control bit
0: Disable
1: Enable (All SEG pins output “0” signal)
Bit 5 (LCDON): LCD display control bit
0: LCD display off
1: LCD display on
NOTE
All COM and SEG pins are tied to ground when LCD display is off.
Bit 4 ~ Bit 2 (SFR2 ~ SFR0): Frame Frequency Adjustment
CL Frequency vs. Duty Ratio Table:
CL Frequency
SFR2
SFR1
SFR0
1/16 Duty
1/20 Duty
1/24 Duty
1/28 Duty
1/32 Duty
0
0
0
Fosc / 26
Fosc / 21
Fosc / 17
Fosc / 15
Fosc / 13
0
0
1
Fosc / 28
Fosc / 22
Fosc / 19
Fosc / 16
Fosc / 14
0
1
0
Fosc / 30
Fosc / 24
Fosc / 20
Fosc / 17
Fosc / 15
0
1
1
Fosc / 32
Fosc / 26
Fosc / 21
Fosc / 18
Fosc / 16
1
0
0
Fosc / 34
Fosc / 27
Fosc / 23
Fosc / 19
Fosc / 17
1
0
1
Fosc / 36
Fosc / 29
Fosc / 24
Fosc / 21
Fosc / 18
1
1
0
Fosc / 38
Fosc / 30
Fosc / 25
Fosc / 22
Fosc / 19
1
1
1
Fosc / 40
Fosc / 32
Fosc / 27
Fosc / 23
Fosc / 20
Bit 1, Bit 0 (LCR1, LCR0): LCD Bias Voltage Charge-pump Rate select bits
54 •
LCR1 : LCR0
Charge-Pump Rate (Hz)
00
OFF (LBVON=0, LCD contrast adjustment is off)
01
8K
10
16K
11
32K
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
„
LCDARL (R22h): LCD RAM Column Address Register (see LCD RAM Map)
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
LCDARL7 LCDARL6 LCDARL5 LCDARL4 LCDARL3 LCDARL2 LCDARL1 LCDARL0
„
LCDARH (R23h): LCD Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
ADJ3
ADJ2
ADJ1
ADJ0
-
-
Bit 1
Bit 0
LCDARH1 LCDARH0
Bit 7 ~ Bit 4 (ADJ0 ~ ADJ3): LCD contrast adjustment
ADJ3
ADJ2
ADJ1
ADJ0
α
Contrast
0
0
0
0
0
Low
0
0
0
1
1
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
1
1
1
0
14
1
1
1
1
15
VEV = (1 −
(15 − α )
) × Vref
75
High
(Vref= 1.3V at 25°C)
α= 15 , Vev = 1.3V ; α= 0, Vev = 0.8 × 1.3V = 1.04V
Bit 1, Bit 0 (LCDARH1, LCDARH0): Page address for LCD RAM
NOTE
The Register R2Fh must be fixed to 0x00.
„
LCDDATA (R0Eh): LCDDATA register is an Indirect Address Pointer of LCD RAM.
Any instruction that uses LCDDATA as register, actually
accesses LCD RAM via the address pointed by LCDARL (see
figure below).
LCD RAM
LCDARL
Address
Data
LCD DATA
Figure 8-8 LCD Data Register Access through LCD RAM
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 55
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
„
POST_ID (R21h): Post Increase / Decrease Control Register
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
FSR2_ID
LCD_ID
FSR1_ID
FSR0_ID
FSR2PE
LCDPE
FSR1PE
FSR0PE
After accessing (read or write) the LCD RAM, the LCDARL register can be
automatically increased or decreased by setting the POST_ID register.
Bit 6 (LCD_ID): Set to “1” to auto-increase the LCDARL register
Reset to “0” to auto-decrease the LCDARL register
Bit 2 (LCDPE): Enable LCDARL post increase/decrease function
„
Code Example:
; === LCD Setting
L_Initial:
; --- LCD Off, Normal Display Mode, Charge-Pump rate=16K
MOV
A,#00011110B
MOV
LCDCON,A
MOV
A,#11110000B
MOV
LCDARH,A
CLR
0x2F
SCALL DspRAMdot
; --- LCD turn-on
BS
LCDCON,LCDON
LCALL Delay1sec
:
DspLoop:
; --- LCD Blanking
BS
LCDCON,BLANK
LCALL Delay1sec
; --- Normal display
BC
LCDCON,BLANK
LCALL Delay1sec
:
SJMP
DspLoop
56 •
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
; *** Display LCD RAM is data 55 & AA
DspRAMdot:
; --- LCD increase enable
BS
POST_ID,LCDPE
BS
POST_ID,LCD_ID
CLR
LCDARL
LCALL DspRAMd1
BS
LCDARH,LCDARH0
LCALL DspRAMd1
BS
LCDARH,LCDARH1
LCALL DspRAMd1
BC
LCDARH,LCDARH0
DspRAMd1:
MOV
A,#0x31
MOV
LCD_Times,A
; === Write LCD RAM is dot matrix
WrLRAMd:
MOV
A,#0XAA
MOV
LCDDATA,A
MOV
A,#0X55
MOV
LCDDATA,A
JDNZ
LCD_Times,WrLRAMd
CLR
LCDARL
RET
8.6.2 LCD RAM Map
LCD RAM
RAM Address
LCDARL
SEG0
00H
:
:
SEG97
61H
LCDARH[1:0]
11 (Page 3)
10 (Page 2)
01 (Page 1)
00 (Psge 0)
COM31-COM24
COM23-COM16
COM15-COM8
COM7-COM0
Bit 7 - Bit 0
Bit 7 - Bit 0
Bit 7 - Bit 0
Bit 7 - Bit 0
8.6.3 LCD Driving Method Circuit
1/4 Bias
1/5 Bias
VDD
VDD
C1A
C1B
V5
V4
C1A
C1B
V3
V5
V3
V2
V2
V1
V1
VSS
VSS
Figure 8-9 LCD Driving Method Circuit
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 57
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
8.6.4 LCD COM Waveforms
8.6.4.1
1/32 Duty and 1/4 Bias
a. For 1/4 bias
LCD Frame
COM0
V5
V3
V2
V1
Vss
COM1
V5
V3
V2
V1
Vss
:
:
:
:
:
:
COM30
V5
V3
V2
V1
Vss
COM31
V5
V3
V2
V1
Vss
Figure 8-10 LCD COM Waveform for 1/32 Duty and 1/4 Bias
58 •
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
8.6.4.2
1/32 Duty and 1/5 Bias
b. For 1/5 bias
LCD Frame
V5
COM0
V4
V3
V2
V1
Vss
V5
COM1
V4
V3
V2
V1
Vss
:
:
:
:
:
:
V5
COM30
V4
V3
V2
V1
Vss
V5
COM31
V4
V3
V2
V1
Vss
Figure 8-11 LCD COM Waveform for 1/32 Duty and 1/5 Bias
SEG3
SEG2
SEG1
SEG0
8.6.5 LCD COM and SEG Waveforms
COM0
COM0
COM0
COM0
Figure 8-12 LCD COM and SEG Waveform Matrix
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 59
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
8.6.5.1
1/32 Duty and 1/4 Bias
a. For 1/4 bias
LCD Frame
COM0
V5
V3
V2
V1
Vss
SEG all off
V5
V3
V2
V1
Vss
COM0-SEG
V2
V1
Vss
-V1
-V2
SEG all on
V5
V3
V2
V1
Vss
COM0-SEG
V5
V3
V2
V1
Vss
-V1
-V2
-V3
-V5
Figure 8-13 LCD COM and SEG Waveform for 1/32 Duty and 1/4 Bias
60 •
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
8.6.5.2
1/32 Duty and 1/5 Bias
b. For 1/5 bias
LCD Frame
V5
COM0
V4
V3
V2
V1
Vss
V5
SEG all off
COM0-SEG
V4
V3
V2
V1
Vss
V5
V4
V3
V2
V1
Vss
-V1
-V2
-V3
-V4
-V5
SEG all on
V5
V4
V3
V2
V1
Vss
COM0-SEG
V5
V4
V3
V2
V1
Vss
-V1
-V2
-V3
-V4
-V5
Figure 8-14 LCD COM and SEG Waveform for 1/32 Duty and 1/5 Bias
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 61
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
9
Electrical Characteristics
9.1 VDD = 1.5V Electrical Characteristics
„
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Items
Sym.
Condition
Supply voltage
VDD
-
-0.3 to +2.2
Supply voltage for ICE
VCC
-
-0.3 to +3.6
Input voltage (general input port)
VIN
-
-0.5 to VDD +0.5
Input voltage for ICE
VIN1
-
-0.5 to VCC +0.5
Operating temperature range
Storage temperature range
„
TOPR
TSTR
Idd5
Idd8
Idd9
62 •
C
Supply voltage for ICE
VCC
-
2.2 to 3.6
VIH
-
VDD x 0.9 to VDD
V
VIL
-
0 to VDD x 0.1
V
VIH
-
VDD x 0.9 to VDD
V
VIL
-
0 to VDD x 0.1
TOPR
-
Limits
Unit
V
V
o
-10 to +70
C
DC Electrical Characteristics (Condition: Ta=25°C, VDD = 1.5V)
Condition
Main-clock
frequency
Sub-clock
frequency
Sleep mode
Idle mode
Slow mode
Idd6
Idd7
-55 to +125
1.2 to 1.8
Clock
Idd4
C
o
-
Parameter Sym.
Supply
Current
-10 to +70
VDD
„
Idd3
V
o
Supply voltage
Operating temperature
Idd2
V
Condition
Input voltage for ICE
Idd1
V
Sym.
Input voltage
Fosc
-
Unit
Recommended Operating Conditions
Items
FHOSC
-
Limits
Fast mode
Min.
Typ.
Max. Unit
RC OSC, R=1.5 MΩ
140
200
260
RC OSC, R=1 MΩ
210
300
390
RC OSC, R=560 KΩ
350
500
650
RC OSC, R=270 KΩ
700
1000
1300
RC OSC, R=2.2 MΩ
26.24
32.8
39.36
Internal RC OSC
26.24
32.8
39.36
Crystal OSC
-
32.768
-
VDD=1.5V, no load
-
-
1
VDD=1.5V, RC/Crystal OSC, LCD disabled
-
8
15
VDD=1.5V, RC/Crystal OSC, LCD enabled, no load
-
10
16
VDD=1.5V, RC/Crystal OSC, LCD disabled
-
10
16
VDD=1.5V, RC/Crystal OSC, LCD enabled, no load
-
13
20
VDD=1.5V, FHOSC =200kHz, LCD enabled, no load
-
30
40
VDD=1.5V, FHOSC =300kHz, LCD enabled, no load
-
40
55
VDD=1.5V, FHOSC =500kHz, LCD enabled, no load
-
60
85
VDD=1.5V, FHOSC =1MHz, LCD enabled, no load
-
95
120
kHz
kHz
μA
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
Parameter
Input Voltage
Input Threshold
Voltage (Schmitt)
Sym.
VIH1
VIL1
VT+
VT–
Condition
PA[0:7] , PB[0:7], PC[0:3] (as general input port)
RSTB
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
VDD×0.7
-
VDD
0
-
VDD×0.3
0.5×VDD
-
0.75×VDD
0.2×VDD
-
0.4×VDD
200
450
900
KΩ
V
V
Large Pull-up
Resistance
RPU5
RSTB
Vin=GND
Small Pull-up
Resistance
RPU6
RSTB
Vin=1V
10
30
60
KΩ
Large Pull-down
Resistance
RPD1
TEST
Vin=VDD
250
500
900
KΩ
Small Pull-down
Resistance
RPD2
TEST
Vin=0.5V
3
6
12
KΩ
VDD=1.5V, VOH=1.2V
-0.6
-0.9
-1.5
VDD=1.5V, VOL=0.2V
0.6
0.9
1.5
-
-
±1
Output Current
Input leakage
current
Large Pull-up
Resistance
Small Pull-up
Resistance
IOH1
IOL1
IIL
PA[0:7], PB[0:7], PC[0:3]
(as general output port)
All Input port (without pull up/down resistor)
Vin= VDD or GND
RPU1
PA[0:7]
Key high resistance, pulled-up by
R2, Vin2=0.5V
80
150
300
RPU3
PB[0:7], PC[0:3]
Vin=0.5V
60
180
400
RPU2
PA[0:6]
Key high resistance, pulled-up by
R2//R1, Vin2=0 V
15
30
60
RPU5
PA[7]
Vin=1V
15
30
60
mA
μA
KΩ
KΩ
Data Retention
Voltage
Vret
-
-
1.2
-
V
Power-on reset
voltage
Vpor
-
0.9
1.0
1.1
V
V1-2%
V1
V1+2%
V
-
6
6.5
V
-5
-
+5
mV / °C
V=VDD-0.2V
80
200
1200
V=0.2V
0.7
1.3
2
LCD Driver
Regulator Voltage
V1
V5 Voltage
V5
Temperature
variation for V5
V5
Strobe Output
ON-resistance
ROP
ADJ=8
T=0°C ~40°C
Seg[0:15] (as key strobe)
RON
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
KΩ
• 63
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
10 Pin Type Circuit Diagrams
„
Reset Pin Type
VDD
RSTB
Figure 10-1 Reset Pin Type Circuit Diagram
„
TEST Pin Type
TEST
VDD
Figure 10-2 Test Pin Type Circuit Diagram
„
Oscillator Pin Type
VDD
HOSCI
OSCI
RC /
Crystal
OSC.
RC
OSC.
OSCO
Type OSC-A
Type OSC-B
Figure 10-3 Oscillator Pin Type Circuit Diagram
64 •
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
„
I/O Pin Type (PA.0~6)
VDD
VDD
KE
DCRA
R1EN
KE
DCRA
R2
PA.0~6
IEN
Input Type
Output Type
Figure 10-4 I/O Pin Type Circuit Diagram
„
I/O Pin Type (PA.7)
VDD
VDD
DCRA
PUA
PA.7
Input Type
Output Type
Figure 10-5 I/O Pin Type Circuit Diagram
„
General SEG and COM Pin Type
Vy
V5
V5
K0
Vz
K1
Va
V5
K2
SEG
E0 Vop
Vb
E1
E2
COM
KSS
1/3 bias: Vy=V2, Vz=V1
1/4 bias: Vy=Vz=V2
KSS
1/3 bias: Va=V2, Vb=V1
1/4 bias: Vy=V3, Vb=V1
Figure 10-6 General SEG and COM Share Pin Type Circuit Diagram
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 65
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
11 Application Circuits
Keyboard
112 keys
max.
LCD Panel
VDD=1.5V
1/4 bias
COM0~31
20pF
16
98
32
0.1uF
7
SEG0~97 PortA.0~6
OSCO
VDD
ON/OFF
PortA.7
32768Hz
RESET
RESETB
OSCI
0.1uF
20pF
V1
ePS6800
VDD
1uF
V2
1uF
HOSCI
V3
1uF
C1A
1uF
V5
C1B
1uF
Figure 11-1 Application Circuit Diagram for 1/4 Bias
VDD=1.5V
1/5 Bias
32
20pF
Keyboard
112 keys
max.
LCD panel
COM0~31
OSCO
98
16
SEG0~97
0.1uF
7
PortA.0~6
PortA.7
ON
RESET
32768Hz
RESETB
0.1uF
OSCI
20pF
V1
1uF
VDD
ePS6800
HOSCI
1uF
VDD
V2
1uF
V3
1uF
C1A
V4
1uF
C1B
V5
1uF
Figure 11-2 Application Circuit Diagram for 1/5 Bias
66 •
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
12 Instruction Set
Legend: k: constant
i: Table pointer control
Type
System
Control
Binary Instruction
Mnemonic
r: File Register
p: special file register (0h~1Fh)
Operation
b: bit
addr: address
Affected Status
Cycles
0000 0000 0000 0000
NOP
No operation
None
1
0000 0000 0000 0001
WDTC
WDT Å 0; /TOÅ1; /PDÅ1
None
1
0000 0000 0000 0010
SLEP
None
1
Enter Idle Mode if MS1=1
Enter Sleep Mode if MS1=0
RPT r
0010 0111 rrrr rrrr
Single repeat (r) times on
(“r” is the content
next instruction
of register r)
None
1
0100 0011 kkkk kkkk
BANK #k
None
1
0011 aaaa aaaa aaaa
S0CALL addr
None
1
None
1
None
2
None
1
None
1
Z
1
None
1
PC Å addr
None
2
A Å r-1, jump to addr if not
zero
None
2
None
2
None
2
None
2
None
2
None
2
None
2
None
2
BSR Å k
Top of Stack] Å PC+1
PC[11:0] Å addr
PC[12:16] Å 00000 (*5)
[Top of Stack] Å PC+1;
111a aaaa aaaa aaaa
SCALL addr
PC[13:16] unchanged
Subroutine
0000 0000 0011 000a
Compare
Jump
PC[12:0] Å addr;
[Top of Stack] Å PC+1;
aa aaaa aaaa aaaa
LCALL addr
(2 words)
PC Å addr
0010 1011 1111 1110
RET
PC Å (Top of Stack)
0010 1011 1111 1111
RETI
0010 0101 rrrr rrrr
TEST r
110a aaaa aaaa aaaa
SJMP addr
0000 0000 0010 000a
LJMP addr
aaaa aaaa aaaa aaaa
(2 words)
0101 0000 rrrr rrrr
aaaa aaaa aaaa aaaa
0101 0001 rrrr rrrr aaaa
aaaa aaaa aaaa
0100 0111 kkkk kkkk
aaaa aaaa aaaa aaaa
Compare
0100 1000 kkkk kkkk
and
aaaa aaaa aaaa aaaa
Jump
0100 1001 kkkk kkkk
aaaa aaaa aaaa aaaa
0101 0101 rrrr rrrr
aaaa aaaa aaaa aaaa
JDNZ A,r,addr
PC Å (Top of Stack);
Enable Interrupt
Z Å 0 if r<>0;Z Å 1 if r=0
PC Å addr
PC[13..15] unchange
PC[15:0] Å addr (*3)
JDNZ r,addr
JGE A,#k,addr
JLE A,#k,addr
JE A,#k,addr
JGE A,r,addr
0101 0110 rrrr rrrr aaaa
aaaa aaaa aaaa
JLE A,r,addr
0101 0111 rrrr rrrr aaaa
aaaa aaaa aaaa
JE A,r,addr
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
r Å r-1, jump to addr if not zero
PC[15:0] Å addr (*3)
Jump to addr if A ≥ k
PC[15:0] Å addr (*3)
Jump to addr if A ≤ k
PC[15:0] Å addr (*3)
Jump to addr if A=k
PC[15:0] Å addr (*3)
Jump to addr if A ≥ r
PC[15:0] Å addr (*3)
Jump to addr if A ≤ r
PC[15:0] Å addr (*3)
Jump to addr if A=r
PC[15:0] Å addr (*3)
• 67
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
Type
Binary Instruction
0101 1bbb rrrr rrrr
Bit Compare
and Jump
aaaa aaaa aaaa aaaa
0110 0bbb rrrr rrrr
aaaa aaaa aaaa aaaa
Data Transfer
ROM
Look-Up
Table
Logic
Operation
68 •
Mnemonic
JBC r,b,addr
JBS r,b,addr
Operation
If r(b)=0,jump to addr
PC[15:0] Å addr (*3)
If r(b)=1,jump to addr
PC[15:0] Å addr (*3)
Affected Status
Cycles
None
2
None
2
0010 0000 rrrr rrrr
MOV A,r
AÅr
Z
1
0010 0001 rrrr rrrr
MOV r,A
rÅA
None
1
100p pppp rrrr rrrr
MOVRP p,r
Register p Å Register r
None
1
101p pppp rrrr rrrr
MOVPR r,p
Register r Å Register p
None
1
0100 1110 kkkk kkkk
MOV A,#k
AÅk
None
1
0010 0100 rrrr rrrr
CLR r
rÅ0
Z
1
0100 0000 kkkk kkkk
TBPTL #k
TABPTRL Å k
None
1
0100 0001 kkkk kkkk
TBPTM #k
TABPTRM Å k
None
1
0100 0010 kkkk kkkk
TBPTH #k
TABPTRH Å k
None
1
0010 11ii rrrr rrrr
TBRD i,r
rÅROM[(TABPTR)] (*1)(*2)
None
2
0010 1111 rrrr rrrr
TBRD A,r
rÅROM[(TABPTR+ACC)] (*2)
None
2
0000 0010 rrrr rrrr
OR A,r
A Å A .or. r
Z
1
0000 0011 rrrr rrrr
OR r,A
r Å r .or. A
Z
1
0100 0100 kkkk kkkk
OR A,#k
A Å A .or. k
Z
1
0000 0100 rrrr rrrr
AND A,r
A Å A .and. r
Z
1
0000 0101 rrrr rrrr
AND r,A
r Å r .and. A
Z
1
0100 0101 kkkk kkkk
AND A,#k
A Å A .and. k
Z
1
0000 0110 rrrr rrrr
XOR A,r
A Å A .xor. r
Z
1
0000 0111 rrrr rrrr
XOR r,A
r Å r .xor. A
Z
1
0100 0110 kkkk kkkk
XOR A,#k
A Å A .xor. k
Z
1
0000 1000 rrrr rrrr
COMA r
A Å /r
Z
1
0000 1001 rrrr rrrr
COM r
r Å /r
Z
1
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
Type
Arithmetic
Operation
Binary Instruction
Mnemonic
Operation
Affected Status
Cycles
0001 1100 rrrr rrrr
INCA r
A Å r+1
C,Z
1
0001 1101 rrrr rrrr
INC r
r Å r+1
C,Z
1
0001 0000 rrrr rrrr
ADD A,r
A Å A+r
C,DC,Z,OV,SGE,SLE
1
0001 0001 rrrr rrrr
ADD r,A
r Å r+A (*4)
C,DC,Z,OV,SGE,SLE
1
0100 1010 kkkk kkkk
ADD A,#k
A Å A+k
C,DC,Z,OV,SGE,SLE
1
0001 0010 rrrr rrrr
ADC A,r
A Å A+r+C
C,DC,Z,OV,SGE,SLE
1
0001 0011 rrrr rrrr
ADC r,A
r Å r+A+C
C,DC,Z,OV,SGE,SLE
1
0100 1011 kkkk kkkk
ADC A,#k
A Å A+k+C
C,DC,Z,OV,SGE,SLE
1
0001 1110 rrrr rrrr
DECA r
A Å r-1
C,Z
1
0001 1111 rrrr rrrr
DEC r
rÅ r-1
C,Z
1
0001 0110 rrrr rrrr
SUB A,r
A Å r-A (*6)
C,DC,Z,OV,SGE,SLE
1
0001 0111 rrrr rrrr
SUB r,A
r Å r-A (*6)
C,DC,Z,OV,SGE,SLE
1
0100 1100 kkkk kkkk
SUB A,#k
A Å k-A (*6)
C,DC,Z,OV,SGE,SLE
1
0001 1000 rrrr rrrr
SUBB A,r
A Å r-A-/C (*6)
C,DC,Z,OV,SGE,SLE
1
0001 1001 rrrr rrrr
SUBB r,A
r Å r-A-/C (*6)
C,DC,Z,OV,SGE,SLE
1
0100 1101 kkkk kkkk
SUBB A,#k
A Å k-A-/C (*6)
C,DC,Z,OV,SGE,SLE
1
0001 0100 rrrr rrrr
ADDDC A,r
A Å (Decimal ADD) A+r+C
C,DC,Z
1
0001 0101 rrrr rrrr
ADDDC r,A
r Å (Decimal ADD) r+A+C
C,DC,Z
1
0001 1010 rrrr rrrr
SUBDB A,r
A Å (Decimal SUB) r-A-/C
C,DC,Z
1
0001 1011 rrrr rrrr
SUBDB r,A
r Å (Decimal SUB) r-A-/C
C,DC,Z
1
0000 1010 rrrr rrrr
RRCA r
A(n-1) Å r(n); C Å r(0);
A(7) Å C
C
1
0000 1011 rrrr rrrr
RRC r
r(n-1) Å r(n); C Å r(0);
r(7) Å C
C
1
0000 1100 rrrr rrrr
RLCA r
A(n+1) Å r(n); C Å r(7);
A(0) Å C
C
1
0000 1101 rrrr rrrr
RLC r
r(n+1) Å r(n); C Å r(7);
r(0) Å C
C
1
Rotate
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 69
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
Type
Shift
Exchange
Bit
Manipulation
Nibble
Operation
Binary Instruction
Mnemonic
Operation
Affected Status
Cycles
0010 0010 rrrr rrrr
SHRA r
A(n-1)År(n); A(7)ÅC
None
1
0010 0011 rrrr rrrr
SHLA r
A(n+1)År(n); A(0)ÅC
None
1
0101 0100 rrrr rrrr
EX r
r(7-0) ÅÆ A(7-0)
None
1
0110 1bbb rrrr rrrr
BC r,b
r(b) Å 0
None
1
0111 0bbb rrrr rrrr
BS r,b
r(b) Å 1
None
1
0111 1bbb rrrr rrrr
BTG r,b
r(b) Å /r(b)
None
1
0101 0010 rrrr rrrr
EXL r
r(3-0) ÅÆ A(3-0)
None
1
0101 0011 rrrr rrrr
EXH r
r(7-4) ÅÆ A(3-0)
None
1
0010 0110 rrrr rrrr
MOVL r,A
r(3-0) Å A(3-0)
None
1
0010 1000 rrrr rrrr
MOVH r,A
r(7-4) Å A(3-0)
None
1
0010 1001 rrrr rrrr
MOVL A,r
A(3-0) Å r(3-0); A(7-4) Å 0
None
1
0010 1010 rrrr rrrr
MOVH A,r
A(3-0) Å r(7-4); A(7-4) Å 0
None
1
0000 0001 rrrr rrrr
SFR4 r
r(7-4)ÅA(3-0);r(3-0)År(7-4);
A(3-0)År(3,0)
None
1
0100 1111 rrrr rrrr
SFL4 r
r(3-0)ÅA(3-0);r(7-4)År(3-0);
A(3-0)År(7-4)
None
1
0000 1111 rrrr rrrr
SWAP r
r(0:3)ÅÆr(4:7)
None
1
0000 1110 rrrr rrrr
SWAPA r
r(0:3)ÆA(4:7);r(4:7)ÆA(0:3)
None
1
(*1) TBRD i, r:
rÅ ROM [(TABPTR)]
i=00: TABPTR no change
wi=01: TABPTRÅTABPTR+1
i=10: TABPTRÅTABPTR-1
(*2) TABPTR = (TABPTRH: TABPTRL)
Bit 0 = 0: Low byte of the pointed ROM data
Bit 0 = 1: High byte of the pointed ROM data
NOTE
■ Bit 0 of TABPTRL is used to select either low byte or high byte of the pointed ROM data.
■ The maximum Look-up Table space is internal 128K bytes (64K words).
(*3) The maximum jump range is 64K absolute address
(*4) Carry bit of “ADD PCL, A” or “ADD TABPTRL, A” will automatically carry into PCM or TABPTRM.
The Instruction cycle of write to PC (program counter) takes two cycles.
(*5) S0CALL addressing ability is from 0x000 to 0xFFF (4K space)
(*6) When in SUB operation, borrow flag is indicated by the inverse of carry bit, that is B=/C
70 •
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
NC
-
VSS
4
NC
-
C1A
5
C1B
6
V5
7
V4
8
V3
9
V2
10
COM26
COM25
COM28
COM27
COM29
-
COM30
NC
173
COM31
-
172 171 170 169 168 167 166
154
COM24
153
COM23
152
COM22
151
COM21
150
COM20
149
COM19
148
COM18
147
COM17
146
COM16
11
COM15
12
COM14
13
COM13
14
COM12
15
COM11
16
COM10
17
COM9
18
COM8
COM7
19
COM6
21
COM5
22
COM4
23
20
COM3
24
COM2
25
SEG20
48
SEG21
49
SEG22
50
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
SGE58
47
SEG57
46
SGE56
SEG18
SEG19
SEG55
45
SEG54
SEG17
SEG53
44
SGE52
43
SEG16
SEG51
SEG15
SEG50
42
SEG49
41
SGE48
SEG13
SEG14
SEG47
40
SGE46
39
SEG45
SEG11
SEG12
SEG44
38
SEG43
SEG10
SGE42
37
SEG41
36
SEG9
SEG40
SEG8
SEG39
35
SGE38
34
SEG7
SEG37
SEG6
SGE36
SEG5
33
SEG35
32
SEG34
31
SEG4
SEG33
SEG3
SGE32
30
SEG31
29
SGE30
SEG1
SEG2
SEG29
28
SEG28
SEG0
SEG27
27
SGE26
26
SEG25
COM1
COM0
SGE24
(0,0)
SEG23
V1
VSS
PortA.0
199 198 197 196 195 194 193 192 191 190 189 188 187 186 185 184 183 182 181 180 179 178 177 176 175 174
NC
PortA.1
PortA.2
PortA.3
PortA.4
TEST
PortA.5
PortA.6
PortB.0
PortA.7
PortB.1
PortB.2
PortB.3
PortB.4
PortB.5
PortB.6
PortC.0
PortB.7
PortC.1
PortC.2
PortC.3
VDD
RESETB
HOSCI
OSCO
OSCI
13 Pad Diagram
145
SEG97
144
SEG96
143
SEG95
142
SEG94
141
SEG93
140
SEG92
139
SEG91
138
SEG90
137
SEG89
136
SEG88
135
SEG87
134
SEG86
133
SEG85
132
SEG84
131
SEG83
130
SEG82
129
SEG81
128
SEG80
127
SEG79
126
SEG78
125
SEG77
124
SEG76
123
SEG75
122
SEG74
121
SEG73
120
SEG72
119
SEG71
118
SEG70
117
SEG69
116
SEG68
115
SEG67
114
SEG66
113
SEG65
112
SEG64
111
SEG63
110
SEG62
109
SEG61
108
SEG60
107
SEG59
Figure 13-1 ePS6800 Pad Diagram
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 71
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
14 Pad Coordinate
Chip Size: 3930 × 5180 µm2
Pin No.
Symbol
X
Y
Pin No.
Symbol
X
Y
1
NC
-
-
41
SEG13/Strobe13
-1852.5
-1406.2
2
NC
-
-
42
SEG14/Strobe14
-1852.5
-1501.2
3
NC
-
-
43
SEG15/Strobe15
-1852.5
-1596.2
4
VSS
-1852.5
2306
44
SEG16
-1852.5
-1706.2
-
NC
-
-
45
SEG17
-1852.5
-1816.25
5
C1A
-1852.5
2100.8
46
SEG18
-1852.5
-1926.3
6
C1B
-1852.5
1990.8
47
SEG19
-1852.5
-2036.3
7
V5
-1852.5
1882.8
48
SEG20
-1852.5
-2146.35
8
V4
-1852.5
1774.8
49
SEG21
-1852.5
-2258.4
9
V3
-1852.5
1666.8
50
SEG22
-1852.5
-2366.4
10
V2
-1852.5
1558.8
51
NC
-
-
11
V1
-1852.5
1453.8
52
NC
-
-
12
COM15
-1852.5
1348.8
53
NC
-
-
13
COM14
-1852.5
1253.8
54
NC
-
-
14
COM13
-1852.5
1158.8
55
NC
-
-
15
COM12
-1852.5
1063.8
56
NC
-
-
16
COM11
-1852.5
968.8
57
NC
-
-
17
COM10
-1852.5
873.8
58
NC
-
-
18
COM9
-1852.5
778.8
59
NC
-
-
19
COM8
-1852.5
683.8
60
NC
-
-
20
COM7
-1852.5
588.8
61
SEG23
-1725.5
-2477.5
21
COM6
-1852.5
493.8
62
SEG24
-1622.5
-2477.5
22
COM5
-1852.5
398.8
63
SEG25
-1517.5
-2477.5
23
COM4
-1852.5
303.8
64
SEG26
-1412.5
-2477.5
24
COM3
-1852.5
208.8
65
SEG27
-1309.5
-2477.5
25
COM2
-1852.5
113.8
66
SEG28
-1207.5
-2477.5
26
COM1
-1852.5
18.8
67
SEG29
-1112.5
-2477.5
72 •
27
COM0
-1852.5
-76.2
68
SEG30
-1017.5
-2477.5
28
SEG0/Strobe0
-1852.5
-171.2
69
SEG31
-922.5
-2477.5
29
SEG1/Strobe1
-1852.5
-266.2
70
SEG32
-827.5
-2477.5
30
SEG2/Strobe2
-1852.5
-361.2
71
SEG33
-732.5
-2477.5
31
SEG3/Strobe3
-1852.5
-456.2
72
SEG34
-637.5
-2477.5
32
SEG4/Strobe4
-1852.5
-551.2
73
SEG35
-542.5
-2477.5
33
SEG5/Strobe5
-1852.5
-646.2
74
SEG36
-447.5
-2477.5
34
SEG6/Strobe6
-1852.5
-741.2
75
SEG37
-352.5
-2477.5
35
SEG7/Strobe7
-1852.5
-836.2
76
SEG38
-257.5
-2477.5
36
SEG8/Strobe8
-1852.5
-931.2
77
SEG39
-162.5
-2477.5
37
SEG9/Strobe9
-1852.5
-1026.2
78
SEG40
-67.5
-2477.5
38
SEG10/Strobe10
-1852.5
-1121.2
79
SEG41
27.5
-2477.5
39
SEG11/Strobe11
-1852.5
-1216.2
80
SEG42
122.5
-2477.5
40
SEG12/Strobe12
-1852.5
-1311.2
-
-
-
-
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
Pin No.
Symbol
X
Y
Pin No.
Symbol
X
Y
81
SEG43
217.5
-2477.5
121
SEG73
1852.5
-985.3
82
SEG44
312.5
-2477.5
122
SEG74
1852.5
-890.3
83
SEG45
407.5
-2477.5
123
SEG75
1852.5
-795.3
84
SEG46
502.5
-2477.5
124
SEG76
1852.5
-700.3
85
SEG47
597.5
-2477.5
125
SEG77
1852.5
-605.3
86
SEG48
692.5
-2477.5
126
SEG78
1852.5
-510.3
87
SEG49
787.5
-2477.5
127
SEG79
1852.5
-415.3
88
SEG50
882.5
-2477.5
128
SEG80
1852.5
-320.3
89
SEG51
977.5
-2477.5
129
SEG81
1852.5
-225.3
90
SEG52
1072.5
-2477.5
130
SEG82
1852.5
-130.3
91
SEG53
1167.5
-2477.5
131
SEG83
1852.5
-35.3
92
SEG54
1272.5
-2477.5
132
SEG84
1852.5
59.7
93
SEG55
1377.5
-2477.5
133
SEG85
1852.5
154.7
94
SEG56
1482.5
-2477.5
134
SEG86
1852.5
249.7
95
SEG57
1594.85
-2477.5
135
SEG87
1852.5
344.7
96
SEG58
1704.9
-2477.5
136
SEG88
1852.5
439.7
97
NC
-
-
137
SEG89
1852.5
534.7
98
NC
-
-
138
SEG90
1852.5
629.7
99
NC
-
-
139
SEG91
1852.5
724.7
100
NC
-
-
140
SEG92
1852.5
819.7
101
NC
-
-
141
SEG93
1852.5
914.7
102
NC
-
-
142
SEG94
1852.5
1009.7
103
NC
-
-
143
SEG95
1852.5
1104.7
104
NC
-
-
144
SEG96
1852.5
1199.7
105
NC
-
-
145
SEG97
1852.5
1294.7
106
NC
-
-
146
COM16
1852.5
1389.7
107
SEG59
1852.5
-2380.3
147
COM17
1852.5
1484.7
108
SEG60
1852.5
-2276.3
148
COM18
1852.5
1596.1
109
SEG61
1852.5
-2173.3
149
COM19
1852.5
1706.1
110
SEG62
1852.5
-2070.3
150
COM20
1852.5
1816.1
111
SEG63
1852.5
-1967.3
151
COM21
1852.5
1926.1
112
SEG64
1852.5
-1863.3
152
COM22
1852.5
2036.1
113
SEG65
1852.5
-1761.3
153
COM23
1852.5
2146.1
114
SEG66
1852.5
-1659.3
154
COM24
1852.5
2256.1
115
SEG67
1852.5
-1555.3
155
NC
-
-
116
SEG68
1852.5
-1460.3
156
NC
-
-
117
SEG69
1852.5
-1365.3
157
NC
-
-
118
SEG70
1852.5
-1270.3
158
NC
-
-
119
SEG71
1852.5
-1175.3
159
NC
-
-
120
SEG72
1852.5
-1080.3
160
NC
-
-
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 73
ePS6800
RISC II Series MCU
Pin No.
Symbol
X
Y
Pin No.
Symbol
X
Y
161
NC
-
-
185
PortB.2
-332.75
2477.5
162
NC
-
-
186
PortB.3
-427.75
2477.5
163
NC
-
-
187
PortB.4
-522.75
2477.5
164
NC
-
-
188
PortB.5
-617.75
2477.5
165
NC
-
-
189
PortB.6
-712.75
2477.5
166
COM25
1765.65
2477.5
190
PortB.7
-807.75
2477.5
167
COM26
1635.65
2477.5
191
PortC.0
-902.75
2477.5
168
COM27
1530.65
2477.5
192
PortC.1
-1000.75
2477.5
169
COM28
1425.65
2477.5
193
PortC.2
-1098.75
2477.5
170
COM29
1315.65
2477.5
194
PortC.3
-1196.75
2477.5
171
COM30
1215.65
2477.5
195
VDD
-1296.75
2477.5
172
COM31
1115.65
2477.5
196
HOSCI
-1406.75
2477.5
-
NC
-
-
197
RESETB
-1516.75
2477.5
173
VSS
912.45
2477.5
198
OSCO
-1626.75
2477.5
-
NC
-
-
199
OSCI
-1741.75
2477.5
174
PortA.0
712.25
2477.5
-
NC
-
-
175
PortA.1
617.25
2477.5
200
NC
-
-
176
PortA.2
522.25
2477.5
201
NC
-
-
177
PortA.3
427.25
2477.5
202
NC
-
-
178
TEST
332.25
2477.5
203
NC
-
-
179
PortA.4
237.25
2477.5
204
NC
-
-
180
PortA.5
142.25
2477.5
205
NC
-
-
181
PortA.6
47.25
2477.5
206
NC
-
-
182
PortA.7
-47.75
2477.5
207
NC
-
-
183
PortB.0
-142.75
2477.5
208
NC
-
-
184
PortB.1
-237.75
2477.5
NOTE
For the PCB layout, the die pad must be connected to Vss (the IC substrate must be
connected to Vss or kept floating open).
74 •
Product Specification (V1.0) 11.03.2010
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)