RENESAS HD64336011

REJ09B0025-0400
The revision list can be viewed directly by
clicking the title page.
The revision list summarizes the locations of
revisions and additions. Details should always
be checked by referring to the relevant text.
16
H8/36024Group, H8/36014Group
Hardware Manual
Renesas 16-Bit Single-Chip Microcomputer
H8 Family/H8/300H Tiny Series
H8/36024F
H8/36022F
H8/36014F
H8/36012F
H8/36024
H8/36023
H8/36022
H8/36014
H8/36013
H8/36012
H8/36011
H8/36010
HD64F36024,
HD64F36022,
HD64F36014,
HD64F36012,
HD64336024,
HD64336023,
HD64336022,
HD64336014,
HD64336013,
HD64336012,
HD64336011,
HD64336010,
Rev.4.00
Revision Date: Sep. 23, 2005
HD64F36024G,
HD64F36022G,
HD64F36014G,
HD64F36012G,
HD64336024G,
HD64336023G,
HD64336022G,
HD64336014G,
HD64336013G,
HD64336012G,
HD64336011G,
HD64336010G
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page ii of xxvi
Keep safety first in your circuit designs!
1. Renesas Technology Corp. puts the maximum effort into making semiconductor products better and
more reliable, but there is always the possibility that trouble may occur with them. Trouble with
semiconductors may lead to personal injury, fire or property damage.
Remember to give due consideration to safety when making your circuit designs, with appropriate
measures such as (i) placement of substitutive, auxiliary circuits, (ii) use of nonflammable material or
(iii) prevention against any malfunction or mishap.
Notes regarding these materials
1. These materials are intended as a reference to assist our customers in the selection of the Renesas
Technology Corp. product best suited to the customer's application; they do not convey any license
under any intellectual property rights, or any other rights, belonging to Renesas Technology Corp. or
a third party.
2. Renesas Technology Corp. assumes no responsibility for any damage, or infringement of any thirdparty's rights, originating in the use of any product data, diagrams, charts, programs, algorithms, or
circuit application examples contained in these materials.
3. All information contained in these materials, including product data, diagrams, charts, programs and
algorithms represents information on products at the time of publication of these materials, and are
subject to change by Renesas Technology Corp. without notice due to product improvements or
other reasons. It is therefore recommended that customers contact Renesas Technology Corp. or
an authorized Renesas Technology Corp. product distributor for the latest product information
before purchasing a product listed herein.
The information described here may contain technical inaccuracies or typographical errors.
Renesas Technology Corp. assumes no responsibility for any damage, liability, or other loss rising
from these inaccuracies or errors.
Please also pay attention to information published by Renesas Technology Corp. by various means,
including the Renesas Technology Corp. Semiconductor home page (http://www.renesas.com).
4. When using any or all of the information contained in these materials, including product data,
diagrams, charts, programs, and algorithms, please be sure to evaluate all information as a total
system before making a final decision on the applicability of the information and products. Renesas
Technology Corp. assumes no responsibility for any damage, liability or other loss resulting from the
information contained herein.
5. Renesas Technology Corp. semiconductors are not designed or manufactured for use in a device or
system that is used under circumstances in which human life is potentially at stake. Please contact
Renesas Technology Corp. or an authorized Renesas Technology Corp. product distributor when
considering the use of a product contained herein for any specific purposes, such as apparatus or
systems for transportation, vehicular, medical, aerospace, nuclear, or undersea repeater use.
6. The prior written approval of Renesas Technology Corp. is necessary to reprint or reproduce in
whole or in part these materials.
7. If these products or technologies are subject to the Japanese export control restrictions, they must
be exported under a license from the Japanese government and cannot be imported into a country
other than the approved destination.
Any diversion or reexport contrary to the export control laws and regulations of Japan and/or the
country of destination is prohibited.
8. Please contact Renesas Technology Corp. for further details on these materials or the products
contained therein.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page iii of xxvi
General Precautions on Handling of Product
1. Treatment of NC Pins
Note: Do not connect anything to the NC pins.
The NC (not connected) pins are either not connected to any of the internal circuitry or are
used as test pins or to reduce noise. If something is connected to the NC pins, the
operation of the LSI is not guaranteed.
2. Treatment of Unused Input Pins
Note: Fix all unused input pins to high or low level.
Generally, the input pins of CMOS products are high-impedance input pins. If unused pins
are in their open states, intermediate levels are induced by noise in the vicinity, a passthrough current flows internally, and a malfunction may occur.
3. Processing before Initialization
Note: When power is first supplied, the product’s state is undefined.
The states of internal circuits are undefined until full power is supplied throughout the
chip and a low level is input on the reset pin. During the period where the states are
undefined, the register settings and the output state of each pin are also undefined. Design
your system so that it does not malfunction because of processing while it is in this
undefined state. For those products which have a reset function, reset the LSI immediately
after the power supply has been turned on.
4. Prohibition of Access to Undefined or Reserved Addresses
Note: Access to undefined or reserved addresses is prohibited.
The undefined or reserved addresses may be used to expand functions, or test registers
may have been be allocated to these addresses. Do not access these registers; the system’s
operation is not guaranteed if they are accessed.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page iv of xxvi
Configuration of This Manual
This manual comprises the following items:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
General Precautions on Handling of Product
Configuration of This Manual
Preface
Contents
Overview
Description of Functional Modules
• CPU and System-Control Modules
• On-Chip Peripheral Modules
The configuration of the functional description of each module differs according to the
module. However, the generic style includes the following items:
i) Feature
ii) Input/Output Pin
iii) Register Description
iv) Operation
v) Usage Note
When designing an application system that includes this LSI, take notes into account. Each section
includes notes in relation to the descriptions given, and usage notes are given, as required, as the
final part of each section.
7. List of Registers
8. Electrical Characteristics
9. Appendix
10. Main Revisions and Additions in this Edition (only for revised versions)
The list of revisions is a summary of points that have been revised or added to earlier versions.
This does not include all of the revised contents. For details, see the actual locations in this
manual.
11. Index
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page v of xxvi
Preface
The H8/36024 Group and H8/36014 Group are single-chip microcomputers made up of the highspeed H8/300H CPU employing Renesas Technology original architecture as their cores, and the
peripheral functions required to configure a system. The H8/300H CPU has an instruction set that
is compatible with the H8/300 CPU.
Target Users: This manual was written for users who will be using the H8/36024 Group and
H8/36014 Group in the design of application systems. Target users are expected to
understand the fundamentals of electrical circuits, logical circuits, and
microcomputers.
Objective:
This manual was written to explain the hardware functions and electrical
characteristics of the H8/36024 Group and H8/36014 Group to the target users.
Refer to the H8/300H Series Software Manual for a detailed description of the
instruction set.
Notes on reading this manual:
• In order to understand the overall functions of the chip
Read the manual according to the contents. This manual can be roughly categorized into parts
on the CPU, system control functions, peripheral functions and electrical characteristics.
• In order to understand the details of the CPU's functions
Read the H8/300H Series Software Manual.
• In order to understand the details of a register when its name is known
Read the index that is the final part of the manual to find the page number of the entry on the
register. The addresses, bits, and initial values of the registers are summarized in section 17,
List of Registers.
Example:
Bit order:
The MSB is on the left and the LSB is on the right.
Notes:
When using the on-chip emulator (E7, E8) for H8/36014 program development and debugging,
the following restrictions must be noted.
1. The NMI pin is reserved for the E7 or E8, and cannot be used.
2. Area H’7000 to H’7FFF is used by the E7 or E8, and is not available to the user.
3. Area H’F780 to H’FB7F must on no account be accessed.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page vi of xxvi
4. When the E7 or E8 is used, address breaks can be set as either available to the user or for use
by the E7 or E8. If address breaks are set as being used by the E7 or E8, the address break
control registers must not be accessed.
5. When the E7 or E8 is used, NMI is an input/output pin (open-drain in output mode).
6. Use channel 1 of the SCI3 (P21/RXD, P22/TXD) in on-board programming mode by boot
mode.
Related Manuals:
The latest versions of all related manuals are available from our web site.
Please ensure you have the latest versions of all documents you require.
http://www.renesas.com/
H8/36024 Group and H8/36014 Group manuals:
Document Title
Document No.
H8/36024 Group, H8/36014 Group Hardware Manual
This manual
H8/300H Series Software Manual
REJ09B0213
User's manuals for development tools:
Document Title
Document No.
H8S, H8/300 Series C/C++ Compiler, Assembler, Optimizing Linkage Editor
User's Manual
REJ10B0058
Microcomputer Development Environment System H8S, H8/300 Series
Simulator/Debugger User's Manual
ADE-702-282
H8S, H8/300 Series High-Performance Embedded Workshop 3, Tutorial
REJ10B0024
H8S, H8/300 Series High-Performance Embedded Workshop 3, User's
Manual
REJ10B0026
Application notes:
Document Title
Document No.
H8S, H8/300 Series C/C++ Compiler Package Application Note
TM
Single Power Supply F-ZTAT On-Board Programming
REJ05B0464
ADE-502-055
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page vii of xxvi
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page viii of xxvi
Contents
Section 1 Overview................................................................................................1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
Features.................................................................................................................................. 1
Internal Block Diagram.......................................................................................................... 3
Pin Arrangement .................................................................................................................... 4
Pin Functions ......................................................................................................................... 6
Section 2 CPU........................................................................................................9
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
Address Space and Memory Map ........................................................................................ 10
Register Configuration......................................................................................................... 12
2.2.1 General Registers.................................................................................................... 13
2.2.2 Program Counter (PC) ............................................................................................ 14
2.2.3 Condition-Code Register (CCR)............................................................................. 14
Data Formats........................................................................................................................ 16
2.3.1 General Register Data Formats ............................................................................... 16
2.3.2 Memory Data Formats ............................................................................................ 18
Instruction Set ...................................................................................................................... 19
2.4.1 Table of Instructions Classified by Function .......................................................... 19
2.4.2 Basic Instruction Formats ....................................................................................... 28
Addressing Modes and Effective Address Calculation........................................................ 30
2.5.1 Addressing Modes .................................................................................................. 30
2.5.2 Effective Address Calculation ................................................................................ 33
Basic Bus Cycle ................................................................................................................... 35
2.6.1 Access to On-Chip Memory (RAM, ROM)............................................................ 35
2.6.2 On-Chip Peripheral Modules .................................................................................. 36
CPU States ........................................................................................................................... 37
Usage Notes ......................................................................................................................... 38
2.8.1 Notes on Data Access to Empty Areas ................................................................... 38
2.8.2 EEPMOV Instruction.............................................................................................. 38
2.8.3 Bit Manipulation Instruction................................................................................... 38
Section 3 Exception Handling .............................................................................45
3.1
3.2
Exception Sources and Vector Address ............................................................................... 45
Register Descriptions ........................................................................................................... 47
3.2.1 Interrupt Edge Select Register 1 (IEGR1) .............................................................. 47
3.2.2 Interrupt Edge Select Register 2 (IEGR2) .............................................................. 48
3.2.3 Interrupt Enable Register 1 (IENR1) ...................................................................... 49
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page ix of xxvi
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.2.4 Interrupt Flag Register 1 (IRR1)............................................................................. 50
3.2.5 Wakeup Interrupt Flag Register (IWPR) ................................................................ 51
Reset Exception Handling.................................................................................................... 52
Interrupt Exception Handling .............................................................................................. 53
3.4.1 External Interrupts .................................................................................................. 53
3.4.2 Internal Interrupts ................................................................................................... 54
3.4.3 Interrupt Handling Sequence .................................................................................. 55
3.4.4 Interrupt Response Time......................................................................................... 56
Usage Notes ......................................................................................................................... 58
3.5.1 Interrupts after Reset............................................................................................... 58
3.5.2 Notes on Stack Area Use ........................................................................................ 58
3.5.3 Notes on Rewriting Port Mode Registers ............................................................... 58
Section 4 Address Break ..................................................................................... 59
4.1
4.2
Register Descriptions........................................................................................................... 59
4.1.1 Address Break Control Register (ABRKCR) ......................................................... 60
4.1.2 Address Break Status Register (ABRKSR) ............................................................ 61
4.1.3 Break Address Registers (BARH, BARL).............................................................. 62
4.1.4 Break Data Registers (BDRH, BDRL) ................................................................... 62
Operation ............................................................................................................................. 62
Section 5 Clock Pulse Generators ....................................................................... 65
5.1
5.2
5.3
System Clock Generator ...................................................................................................... 65
5.1.1 Connecting Crystal Resonator ................................................................................ 66
5.1.2 Connecting Ceramic Resonator .............................................................................. 66
5.1.3 External Clock Input Method ................................................................................. 67
Prescalers ............................................................................................................................. 67
5.2.1 Prescaler S .............................................................................................................. 67
Usage Notes ......................................................................................................................... 67
5.3.1 Note on Resonators................................................................................................. 67
5.3.2 Notes on Board Design ........................................................................................... 68
Section 6 Power-Down Modes............................................................................ 69
6.1
6.2
Register Descriptions........................................................................................................... 69
6.1.1 System Control Register 1 (SYSCR1) .................................................................... 70
6.1.2 System Control Register 2 (SYSCR2) .................................................................... 71
6.1.3 Module Standby Control Register 1 (MSTCR1) .................................................... 72
6.1.4 Module Standby Control Register 2 (MSTCR2) .................................................... 72
Mode Transitions and States of LSI..................................................................................... 73
6.2.1 Sleep Mode ............................................................................................................. 75
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page x of xxvi
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.2.2 Standby Mode ......................................................................................................... 75
6.2.3 Subsleep Mode........................................................................................................ 75
Operating Frequency in Active Mode.................................................................................. 76
Direct Transition .................................................................................................................. 76
Module Standby Function.................................................................................................... 76
Section 7 ROM ....................................................................................................77
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
Block Configuration............................................................................................................. 78
Register Descriptions ........................................................................................................... 79
7.2.1 Flash Memory Control Register 1 (FLMCR1)........................................................ 79
7.2.2 Flash Memory Control Register 2 (FLMCR2)........................................................ 80
7.2.3 Erase Block Register 1 (EBR1) .............................................................................. 81
7.2.4 Flash Memory Enable Register (FENR) ................................................................. 81
On-Board Programming Modes........................................................................................... 82
7.3.1 Boot Mode .............................................................................................................. 82
7.3.2 Programming/Erasing in User Program Mode........................................................ 85
Flash Memory Programming/Erasing .................................................................................. 86
7.4.1 Program/Program-Verify ........................................................................................ 86
7.4.2 Erase/Erase-Verify.................................................................................................. 88
7.4.3 Interrupt Handling when Programming/Erasing Flash Memory............................. 89
Program/Erase Protection .................................................................................................... 91
7.5.1 Hardware Protection ............................................................................................... 91
7.5.2 Software Protection................................................................................................. 91
7.5.3 Error Protection....................................................................................................... 91
Section 8 RAM ....................................................................................................93
Section 9 I/O Ports ...............................................................................................95
9.1
9.2
9.3
Port 1.................................................................................................................................... 95
9.1.1 Port Mode Register 1 (PMR1) ................................................................................ 96
9.1.2 Port Control Register 1 (PCR1) .............................................................................. 97
9.1.3 Port Data Register 1 (PDR1)................................................................................... 97
9.1.4 Port Pull-Up Control Register 1 (PUCR1).............................................................. 98
9.1.5 Pin Functions .......................................................................................................... 98
Port 2.................................................................................................................................. 100
9.2.1 Port Control Register 2 (PCR2) ............................................................................ 100
9.2.2 Port Data Register 2 (PDR2)................................................................................. 101
9.2.3 Pin Functions ........................................................................................................ 101
Port 5.................................................................................................................................. 102
9.3.1 Port Mode Register 5 (PMR5) .............................................................................. 103
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page xi of xxvi
9.4
9.5
9.6
9.3.2 Port Control Register 5 (PCR5) ............................................................................ 104
9.3.3 Port Data Register 5 (PDR5) ................................................................................ 105
9.3.4 Port Pull-Up Control Register 5 (PUCR5)............................................................ 105
9.3.5 Pin Functions ........................................................................................................ 106
Port 7.................................................................................................................................. 108
9.4.1 Port Control Register 7 (PCR7) ............................................................................ 109
9.4.2 Port Data Register 7 (PDR7) ................................................................................ 109
9.4.3 Pin Functions ........................................................................................................ 110
Port 8.................................................................................................................................. 112
9.5.1 Port Control Register 8 (PCR8) ............................................................................ 112
9.5.2 Port Data Register 8 (PDR8) ................................................................................ 113
9.5.3 Pin Functions ........................................................................................................ 113
Port B ................................................................................................................................. 115
9.6.1 Port Data Register B (PDRB) ............................................................................... 116
Section 10 Timer V ........................................................................................... 117
10.1 Features.............................................................................................................................. 117
10.2 Input/Output Pins............................................................................................................... 119
10.3 Register Descriptions......................................................................................................... 119
10.3.1 Timer Counter V (TCNTV).................................................................................. 119
10.3.2 Time Constant Registers A and B (TCORA, TCORB) ........................................ 120
10.3.3 Timer Control Register V0 (TCRV0) ................................................................... 121
10.3.4 Timer Control/Status Register V (TCSRV) .......................................................... 123
10.3.5 Timer Control Register V1 (TCRV1) ................................................................... 125
10.4 Operation ........................................................................................................................... 126
10.4.1 Timer V Operation................................................................................................ 126
10.5 Timer V Application Examples ......................................................................................... 130
10.5.1 Pulse Output with Arbitrary Duty Cycle............................................................... 130
10.5.2 Pulse Output with Arbitrary Pulse Width and Delay from TRGV Input .............. 131
10.6 Usage Notes ....................................................................................................................... 132
Section 11 Timer W........................................................................................... 135
11.1 Features.............................................................................................................................. 135
11.2 Input/Output Pins............................................................................................................... 138
11.3 Register Descriptions......................................................................................................... 138
11.3.1 Timer Mode Register W (TMRW) ....................................................................... 139
11.3.2 Timer Control Register W (TCRW) ..................................................................... 140
11.3.3 Timer Interrupt Enable Register W (TIERW) ...................................................... 141
11.3.4 Timer Status Register W (TSRW) ........................................................................ 142
11.3.5 Timer I/O Control Register 0 (TIOR0) ................................................................. 144
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page xii of xxvi
11.3.6 Timer I/O Control Register 1 (TIOR1) ................................................................. 145
11.3.7 Timer Counter (TCNT)......................................................................................... 147
11.3.8 General Registers A to D (GRA to GRD)............................................................. 147
11.4 Operation ........................................................................................................................... 148
11.4.1 Normal Operation ................................................................................................. 148
11.4.2 PWM Operation.................................................................................................... 153
11.5 Operation Timing............................................................................................................... 158
11.5.1 TCNT Count Timing ............................................................................................ 158
11.5.2 Output Compare Output Timing ........................................................................... 159
11.5.3 Input Capture Timing............................................................................................ 160
11.5.4 Timing of Counter Clearing by Compare Match .................................................. 160
11.5.5 Buffer Operation Timing ...................................................................................... 161
11.5.6 Timing of IMFA to IMFD Flag Setting at Compare Match.................................. 161
11.5.7 Timing of IMFA to IMFD Setting at Input Capture ............................................. 162
11.5.8 Timing of Status Flag Clearing............................................................................. 163
11.6 Usage Notes ....................................................................................................................... 163
Section 12 Watchdog Timer ..............................................................................167
12.1 Features.............................................................................................................................. 167
12.2 Register Descriptions ......................................................................................................... 168
12.2.1 Timer Control/Status Register WD (TCSRWD)................................................... 168
12.2.2 Timer Counter WD (TCWD)................................................................................ 169
12.2.3 Timer Mode Register WD (TMWD) .................................................................... 170
12.3 Operation ........................................................................................................................... 171
Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3) .......................................173
13.1 Features.............................................................................................................................. 173
13.2 Input/Output Pins ............................................................................................................... 177
13.3 Register Descriptions ......................................................................................................... 177
13.3.1 Receive Shift Register (RSR) ............................................................................... 178
13.3.2 Receive Data Register (RDR) ............................................................................... 178
13.3.3 Transmit Shift Register (TSR) .............................................................................. 178
13.3.4 Transmit Data Register (TDR).............................................................................. 178
13.3.5 Serial Mode Register (SMR) ................................................................................ 179
13.3.6 Serial Control Register 3 (SCR3).......................................................................... 180
13.3.7 Serial Status Register (SSR) ................................................................................. 182
13.3.8 Bit Rate Register (BRR) ....................................................................................... 184
13.3.9 SCI3_3 Module Control Register (SMCR)........................................................... 191
13.4 Operation in Asynchronous Mode ..................................................................................... 192
13.4.1 Clock..................................................................................................................... 192
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page xiii of xxvi
13.5
13.6
13.7
13.8
13.4.2 SCI3 Initialization................................................................................................. 193
13.4.3 Data Transmission ................................................................................................ 194
13.4.4 Serial Data Reception ........................................................................................... 196
Operation in Clocked Synchronous Mode ......................................................................... 200
13.5.1 Clock..................................................................................................................... 200
13.5.2 SCI3 Initialization................................................................................................. 201
13.5.3 Serial Data Transmission ...................................................................................... 201
13.5.4 Serial Data Reception (Clocked Synchronous Mode) .......................................... 203
13.5.5 Simultaneous Serial Data Transmission and Reception........................................ 205
Multiprocessor Communication Function.......................................................................... 207
13.6.1 Multiprocessor Serial Data Transmission ............................................................. 208
13.6.2 Multiprocessor Serial Data Reception .................................................................. 210
Interrupts............................................................................................................................ 214
Usage Notes ....................................................................................................................... 215
13.8.1 Break Detection and Processing ........................................................................... 215
13.8.2 Mark State and Break Sending ............................................................................. 215
13.8.3 Receive Error Flags and Transmit Operations
(Clocked Synchronous Mode Only) ..................................................................... 215
13.8.4 Receive Data Sampling Timing and Reception Margin in Asynchronous
Mode..................................................................................................................... 216
Section 14 A/D Converter ................................................................................. 217
14.1 Features.............................................................................................................................. 217
14.2 Input/Output Pins............................................................................................................... 219
14.3 Register Description .......................................................................................................... 220
14.3.1 A/D Data Registers A to D (ADDRA to ADDRD) .............................................. 220
14.3.2 A/D Control/Status Register (ADCSR) ................................................................ 221
14.3.3 A/D Control Register (ADCR) ............................................................................. 222
14.4 Operation ........................................................................................................................... 223
14.4.1 Single Mode.......................................................................................................... 223
14.4.2 Scan Mode ............................................................................................................ 223
14.4.3 Input Sampling and A/D Conversion Time .......................................................... 224
14.4.4 External Trigger Input Timing.............................................................................. 225
14.5 A/D Conversion Accuracy Definitions .............................................................................. 226
14.6 Usage Notes ....................................................................................................................... 228
14.6.1 Permissible Signal Source Impedance .................................................................. 228
14.6.2 Influences on Absolute Accuracy ......................................................................... 228
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page xiv of xxvi
Section 15 Power-On Reset and Low-Voltage Detection Circuits
(Optional).........................................................................................229
15.1 Features.............................................................................................................................. 229
15.2 Register Descriptions ......................................................................................................... 230
15.2.1 Low-Voltage-Detection Control Register (LVDCR)............................................ 231
15.2.2 Low-Voltage-Detection Status Register (LVDSR)............................................... 232
15.3 Operation ........................................................................................................................... 233
15.3.1 Power-On Reset Circuit ........................................................................................ 233
15.3.2 Low-Voltage Detection Circuit............................................................................. 234
Section 16 Power Supply Circuit.......................................................................237
16.1 When Using Internal Power Supply Step-Down Circuit.................................................... 237
16.2 When Not Using Internal Power Supply Step-Down Circuit............................................. 238
Section 17 List of Registers ...............................................................................225
17.1 Register Addresses (Address Order).................................................................................. 226
17.2 Register Bits....................................................................................................................... 230
17.3 Register States in Each Operating Mode ........................................................................... 233
Section 18 Electrical Characteristics .................................................................251
18.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings .............................................................................................. 251
18.2 Electrical Characteristics (F-ZTATTM Version).................................................................. 251
18.2.1 Power Supply Voltage and Operating Ranges ...................................................... 251
18.2.2 DC Characteristics ................................................................................................ 254
18.2.3 AC Characteristics ................................................................................................ 259
18.2.4 A/D Converter Characteristics .............................................................................. 262
18.2.5 Watchdog Timer Characteristics........................................................................... 263
18.2.6 Flash Memory Characteristics .............................................................................. 264
18.2.7 Power-Supply-Voltage Detection Circuit Characteristics (Optional) ................... 266
18.2.8 Power-On Reset Circuit Characteristics (Optional) .............................................. 267
18.3 Electrical Characteristics (Masked ROM Version)............................................................ 267
18.3.1 Power Supply Voltage and Operating Ranges ...................................................... 267
18.3.2 DC Characteristics ................................................................................................ 270
18.3.3 AC Characteristics ................................................................................................ 275
18.3.4 A/D Converter Characteristics .............................................................................. 278
18.3.5 Watchdog Timer Characteristics........................................................................... 279
18.3.6 Power-Supply-Voltage Detection Circuit Characteristics (Optional) ................... 280
18.3.7 Power-On Reset Circuit Characteristics (Optional) .............................................. 281
18.4 Operation Timing............................................................................................................... 281
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page xv of xxvi
18.5 Output Load Condition ...................................................................................................... 283
Appendix A Instruction Set ............................................................................... 285
A.1
A.2
A.3
A.4
Instruction List................................................................................................................... 285
Operation Code Map.......................................................................................................... 300
Number of Execution States .............................................................................................. 303
Combinations of Instructions and Addressing Modes ....................................................... 314
Appendix B I/O Port Block Diagrams............................................................... 315
B.1
B.2
I/O Port Block Diagrams ................................................................................................... 315
Port States in Each Operating State ................................................................................... 337
Appendix C Product Code Lineup .................................................................... 338
Appendix D Package Dimensions ..................................................................... 342
Main Revisions and Additions in this Edition..................................................... 347
Index
......................................................................................................... 351
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page xvi of xxvi
Figures
Section 1
Figure 1.1
Figure 1.2
Figure 1.3
Overview
Internal Block Diagram ................................................................................................. 3
Pin Arrangement (FP-64E)............................................................................................ 4
Pin Arrangement (FP-48F, FP-48B, TNP-48)............................................................... 5
Section 2 CPU
Figure 2.1 Memory Map (1) ......................................................................................................... 10
Figure 2.1 Memory Map (2) ......................................................................................................... 11
Figure 2.2 CPU Registers ............................................................................................................. 12
Figure 2.3 Usage of General Registers ......................................................................................... 13
Figure 2.4 Relationship between Stack Pointer and Stack Area ................................................... 14
Figure 2.5 General Register Data Formats (1).............................................................................. 16
Figure 2.5 General Register Data Formats (2).............................................................................. 17
Figure 2.6 Memory Data Formats................................................................................................. 18
Figure 2.7 Instruction Formats...................................................................................................... 29
Figure 2.8 Branch Address Specification in Memory Indirect Mode ........................................... 33
Figure 2.9 On-Chip Memory Access Cycle.................................................................................. 35
Figure 2.10 On-Chip Peripheral Module Access Cycle (3-State Access)..................................... 36
Figure 2.11 CPU Operation States................................................................................................ 37
Figure 2.12 State Transitions ........................................................................................................ 38
Figure 2.13 Example of Timer Configuration with Two Registers Allocated to Same
Address...................................................................................................................... 39
Section 3
Figure 3.1
Figure 3.2
Figure 3.3
Figure 3.4
Exception Handling
Reset Sequence............................................................................................................ 54
Stack Status after Exception Handling ........................................................................ 56
Interrupt Sequence....................................................................................................... 57
Port Mode Register Setting and Interrupt Request Flag Clearing Procedure .............. 58
Section 4
Figure 4.1
Figure 4.2
Figure 4.2
Address Break
Block Diagram of Address Break................................................................................ 59
Address Break Interrupt Operation Example (1)......................................................... 63
Address Break Interrupt Operation Example (2)......................................................... 63
Section 5
Figure 5.1
Figure 5.2
Figure 5.3
Figure 5.4
Clock Pulse Generators
Block Diagram of Clock Pulse Generators.................................................................. 65
Block Diagram of System Clock Generator ................................................................ 65
Typical Connection to Crystal Resonator.................................................................... 66
Equivalent Circuit of Crystal Resonator...................................................................... 66
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page xvii of xxvi
Figure 5.5 Typical Connection to Ceramic Resonator.................................................................. 66
Figure 5.6 Example of External Clock Input ................................................................................ 67
Figure 5.7 Example of Incorrect Board Design ............................................................................ 68
Section 6 Power-Down Modes
Figure 6.1 Mode Transition Diagram ........................................................................................... 73
Section 7
Figure 7.1
Figure 7.2
Figure 7.3
Figure 7.4
ROM
Flash Memory Block Configuration............................................................................. 78
Programming/Erasing Flowchart Example in User Program Mode............................ 85
Program/Program-Verify Flowchart ............................................................................ 87
Erase/Erase-Verify Flowchart ..................................................................................... 90
Section 9
Figure 9.1
Figure 9.2
Figure 9.3
Figure 9.4
Figure 9.5
Figure 9.6
I/O Ports
Port 1 Pin Configuration.............................................................................................. 95
Port 2 Pin Configuration............................................................................................ 100
Port 5 Pin Configuration............................................................................................ 102
Port 7 Pin Configuration............................................................................................ 108
Port 8 Pin Configuration............................................................................................ 112
Port B Pin Configuration........................................................................................... 115
Section 10 Timer V
Figure 10.1 Block Diagram of Timer V ..................................................................................... 118
Figure 10.2 Increment Timing with Internal Clock .................................................................... 127
Figure 10.3 Increment Timing with External Clock................................................................... 127
Figure 10.4 OVF Set Timing ...................................................................................................... 127
Figure 10.5 CMFA and CMFB Set Timing................................................................................ 128
Figure 10.6 TMOV Output Timing ............................................................................................ 128
Figure 10.7 Clear Timing by Compare Match............................................................................ 128
Figure 10.8 Clear Timing by TMRIV Input ............................................................................... 129
Figure 10.9 Pulse Output Example ............................................................................................. 130
Figure 10.10 Example of Pulse Output Synchronized to TRGV Input....................................... 131
Figure 10.11 Contention between TCNTV Write and Clear ...................................................... 132
Figure 10.12 Contention between TCORA Write and Compare Match ..................................... 133
Figure 10.13 Internal Clock Switching and TCNTV Operation ................................................. 133
Section 11
Figure 11.1
Figure 11.2
Figure 11.3
Figure 11.4
Figure 11.5
Figure 11.6
Timer W
Timer W Block Diagram......................................................................................... 137
Free-Running Counter Operation ............................................................................ 148
Periodic Counter Operation..................................................................................... 149
0 and 1 Output Example (TOA = 0, TOB = 1)........................................................ 149
Toggle Output Example (TOA = 0, TOB = 1) ........................................................ 150
Toggle Output Example (TOA = 0, TOB = 1) ........................................................ 150
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page xviii of xxvi
Figure 11.7 Input Capture Operating Example........................................................................... 151
Figure 11.8 Buffer Operation Example (Input Capture)............................................................. 152
Figure 11.9 PWM Mode Example (1) ........................................................................................ 153
Figure 11.10 PWM Mode Example (2) ...................................................................................... 154
Figure 11.11 Buffer Operation Example (Output Compare) ...................................................... 155
Figure 11.12 PWM Mode Example
(TOB, TOC, and TOD = 0: initial output values are set to 0) ............................... 156
Figure 11.13 PWM Mode Example
(TOB, TOC, and TOD = 1: initial output values are set to 1) ............................... 157
Figure 11.14 Count Timing for Internal Clock Source ............................................................... 158
Figure 11.15 Count Timing for External Clock Source.............................................................. 158
Figure 11.16 Output Compare Output Timing ........................................................................... 159
Figure 11.17 Input Capture Input Signal Timing........................................................................ 160
Figure 11.18 Timing of Counter Clearing by Compare Match................................................... 160
Figure 11.19 Buffer Operation Timing (Compare Match).......................................................... 161
Figure 11.20 Buffer Operation Timing (Input Capture) ............................................................. 161
Figure 11.21 Timing of IMFA to IMFD Flag Setting at Compare Match .................................. 162
Figure 11.22 Timing of IMFA to IMFD Flag Setting at Input Capture...................................... 162
Figure 11.23 Timing of Status Flag Clearing by CPU................................................................ 163
Figure 11.24 Contention between TCNT Write and Clear ......................................................... 164
Figure 11.25 Internal Clock Switching and TCNT Operation.................................................... 164
Figure 11.26 When Compare Match and Bit Manipulation Instruction to TCRW Occur at the
Same Timing ......................................................................................................... 165
Section 12 Watchdog Timer
Figure 12.1 Block Diagram of Watchdog Timer ........................................................................ 167
Figure 12.2 Watchdog Timer Operation Example...................................................................... 171
Section 13
Figure 13.1
Figure 13.2
Figure 13.3
Figure 13.4
Figure 13.5
Figure 13.6
Figure 13.7
Figure 13.8
Figure 13.8
Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
Block Diagram of SCI3 ........................................................................................... 176
Data Format in Asynchronous Communication ...................................................... 192
Relationship between Output Clock and Transfer Data Phase
(Asynchronous Mode)(Example with 8-Bit Data, Parity, Two Stop Bits) .............. 192
Sample SCI3 Initialization Flowchart ..................................................................... 193
Example of SCI3 Transmission in Asynchronous Mode
(8-Bit Data, Parity, One Stop Bit) ........................................................................... 194
Sample Serial Transmission Data Flowchart (Asynchronous Mode)...................... 195
Example of SCI3 Reception in Asynchronous Mode
(8-Bit Data, Parity, One Stop Bit) ........................................................................... 196
Sample Serial Reception Data Flowchart (Asynchronous Mode)(1)....................... 198
Sample Serial Reception Data Flowchart (Asynchronous Mode)(2)....................... 199
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page xix of xxvi
Figure 13.9 Data Format in Clocked Synchronous Communication .......................................... 200
Figure 13.10 Example of SCI3 Transmission in Clocked Synchronous Mode .......................... 202
Figure 13.11 Sample Serial Transmission Flowchart (Clocked Synchronous Mode) ................ 202
Figure 13.12 Example of SCI3 Reception in Clocked Synchronous Mode................................ 203
Figure 13.13 Sample Serial Reception Flowchart (Clocked Synchronous Mode)...................... 204
Figure 13.14 Sample Flowchart of Simultaneous Serial Transmit and Receive Operations
(Clocked Synchronous Mode)............................................................................... 206
Figure 13.15 Example of Inter-Processor Communication Using Multiprocessor Format
(Transmission of Data H'AA to Receiving Station A) .......................................... 208
Figure 13.16 Sample Multiprocessor Serial Transmission Flowchart ........................................ 209
Figure 13.17 Sample Multiprocessor Serial Reception Flowchart (1)........................................ 211
Figure 13.17 Sample Multiprocessor Serial Reception Flowchart (2)........................................ 212
Figure 13.18 Example of SCI3 Reception Using Multiprocessor Format
(Example with 8-Bit Data, Multiprocessor Bit, One Stop Bit).............................. 213
Figure 13.19 Receive Data Sampling Timing in Asynchronous Mode ...................................... 216
Section 14
Figure 14.1
Figure 14.2
Figure 14.3
Figure 14.4
Figure 14.5
Figure 14.6
A/D Converter
Block Diagram of A/D Converter ........................................................................... 218
A/D Conversion Timing.......................................................................................... 224
External Trigger Input Timing ................................................................................ 225
A/D Conversion Accuracy Definitions (1).............................................................. 227
A/D Conversion Accuracy Definitions (2).............................................................. 227
Analog Input Circuit Example ................................................................................ 228
Section 15
Figure 15.1
Figure 15.2
Figure 15.3
Figure 15.4
Figure 15.5
Power-On Reset and Low-Voltage Detection Circuits (Optional)
Block Diagram of Power-On Reset Circuit and Low-Voltage Detection Circuit.... 230
Operational Timing of Power-On Reset Circuit...................................................... 233
Operational Timing of LVDR Circuit ..................................................................... 234
Operational Timing of LVDI Circuit ...................................................................... 235
Timing for Operation/Release of Low-Voltage Detection Circuit .......................... 236
Section 16 Power Supply Circuit
Figure 16.1 Power Supply Connection when Internal Step-Down Circuit is Used .................... 237
Figure 16.2 Power Supply Connection when Internal Step-Down Circuit is Not Used ............. 238
Section 18
Figure 18.1
Figure 18.2
Figure 18.3
Figure 18.4
Figure 18.5
Figure 18.6
Electrical Characteristics
System Clock Input Timing .................................................................................... 281
RES Low Width Timing.......................................................................................... 282
Input Timing............................................................................................................ 282
SCK3 Input Clock Timing ...................................................................................... 282
SCI3 Input/Output Timing in Clocked Synchronous Mode .................................... 283
Output Load Circuit ................................................................................................ 283
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page xx of xxvi
Appendix
Figure B.1 Port 1 Block Diagram (P17) ..................................................................................... 315
Figure B.2 Port 1 Block Diagram (P14) ..................................................................................... 316
Figure B.3 Port 1 Block Diagram (P16, P15, P12, P10)............................................................. 317
Figure B.4 Port 1 Block Diagram (P12) (H8/36024).................................................................. 318
Figure B.5 Port 1 Block Diagram (P11) ...................................................................................... 319
Figure B.6 Port 2 Block Diagram (P22) ..................................................................................... 320
Figure B.7 Port 2 Block Diagram (P21) ..................................................................................... 321
Figure B.8 Port 2 Block Diagram (P20) ..................................................................................... 322
Figure B.9 Port 5 Block Diagram (P57, P56) (H8/36014).......................................................... 323
Figure B.10 Port 5 Block Diagram (P57) (H8/36024)................................................................ 324
Figure B.11 Port 5 Block Diagram (P56) (H8/36024)................................................................ 325
Figure B.12 Port 5 Block Diagram (P55) ................................................................................... 326
Figure B.13 Port 5 Block Diagram (P54 to P50) ........................................................................ 327
Figure B.14 Port 7 Block Diagram (P76) ................................................................................... 328
Figure B.15 Port 7 Block Diagram (P75) ................................................................................... 329
Figure B.16 Port 7 Block Diagram (P74) ................................................................................... 330
Figure B.17 Port 7 Block Diagram (P73) ................................................................................... 331
Figure B.18 Port 7 Block Diagram (P72) ................................................................................... 332
Figure B.19 Port 7 Block Diagram (P71) ................................................................................... 333
Figure B.20 Port 7 Block Diagram (P70) ................................................................................... 334
Figure B.21 Port 8 Block Diagram (P84 to P81) ........................................................................ 335
Figure B.22 Port 8 Block Diagram (P80) ................................................................................... 336
Figure B.23 Port B Block Diagram (PB3 to PB0) ...................................................................... 337
Figure D.1 FP-64E Package Dimensions.................................................................................... 343
Figure D.2 FP-48F Package Dimensions.................................................................................... 344
Figure D.3 FP-48B Package Dimensions ................................................................................... 345
Figure D.4 TNP-48 Package Dimensions................................................................................... 346
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page xxi of xxvi
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page xxii of xxvi
Tables
Section 1 Overview
Table 1.1
Pin Functions ............................................................................................................ 6
Section 2 CPU
Table 2.1
Operation Notation ................................................................................................. 19
Table 2.2
Data Transfer Instructions....................................................................................... 20
Table 2.3
Arithmetic Operations Instructions (1) ................................................................... 21
Table 2.3
Arithmetic Operations Instructions (2) ................................................................... 22
Table 2.4
Logic Operations Instructions................................................................................. 22
Table 2.5
Shift Instructions..................................................................................................... 23
Table 2.6
Bit Manipulation Instructions (1)............................................................................ 24
Table 2.6
Bit Manipulation Instructions (2)............................................................................ 25
Table 2.7
Branch Instructions ................................................................................................. 26
Table 2.8
System Control Instructions.................................................................................... 27
Table 2.9
Block Data Transfer Instructions ............................................................................ 28
Table 2.10
Addressing Modes .................................................................................................. 30
Table 2.11
Absolute Address Access Ranges ........................................................................... 32
Table 2.12
Effective Address Calculation (1)........................................................................... 33
Table 2.12
Effective Address Calculation (2)........................................................................... 34
Section 3 Exception Handling
Table 3.1
Exception Sources and Vector Address .................................................................. 45
Table 3.2
Interrupt Wait States ............................................................................................... 56
Section 4 Address Break
Table 4.1
Access and Data Bus Used ..................................................................................... 61
Section 5 Clock Pulse Generators
Table 5.1
Crystal Resonator Parameters ................................................................................. 66
Section 6 Power-Down Modes
Table 6.1
Operating Frequency and Waiting Time................................................................. 70
Table 6.2
Transition Mode after SLEEP Instruction Execution and Interrupt Handling ........ 74
Table 6.3
Internal State in Each Operating Mode................................................................... 74
Section 7 ROM
Table 7.1
Setting Programming Modes .................................................................................. 82
Table 7.2
Boot Mode Operation ............................................................................................. 84
Table 7.3
System Clock Frequencies for which Automatic Adjustment of LSI Bit Rate is
Possible ................................................................................................................... 85
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page xxiii of xxvi
Table 7.4
Table 7.5
Table 7.6
Reprogram Data Computation Table ...................................................................... 88
Additional-Program Data Computation Table ........................................................ 88
Programming Time ................................................................................................. 88
Section 10 Timer V
Table 10.1
Pin Configuration.................................................................................................. 119
Table 10.2
Clock Signals to Input to TCNTV and Counting Conditions ............................... 122
Section 11 Timer W
Table 11.1
Timer W Functions ............................................................................................... 136
Table 11.2
Pin Configuration.................................................................................................. 138
Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
Table 13.1
Channel Configuration.......................................................................................... 175
Table 13.2
Pin Configuration.................................................................................................. 177
Table 13.3
Examples of BRR Settings for Various Bit Rates (Asynchronous Mode) (1) ...... 185
Table 13.3
Examples of BRR Settings for Various Bit Rates (Asynchronous Mode) (2) ...... 186
Table 13.3
Examples of BRR Settings for Various Bit Rates (Asynchronous Mode) (3) ...... 187
Table 13.4
Maximum Bit Rate for Each Frequency (Asynchronous Mode) .......................... 188
Table 13.5
Examples of BRR Settings for Various Bit Rates (Clocked Synchronous Mode)
(1) ......................................................................................................................... 189
Table 13.5
Examples of BRR Settings for Various Bit Rates (Clocked Synchronous Mode)
(2) ......................................................................................................................... 190
Table 13.6
SSR Status Flags and Receive Data Handling ...................................................... 197
Table 13.7
SCI3 Interrupt Requests........................................................................................ 214
Section 14 A/D Converter
Table 14.1
Pin Configuration.................................................................................................. 219
Table 14.2
Analog Input Channels and Corresponding ADDR Registers .............................. 220
Table 14.3
A/D Conversion Time (Single Mode)................................................................... 225
Section 15 Power-On Reset and Low-Voltage Detection Circuits (Optional)
Table 15.1
LVDCR Settings and Select Functions................................................................. 232
Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
Table 18.1
Absolute Maximum Ratings ................................................................................. 251
Table 18.2
DC Characteristics (1) .......................................................................................... 254
Table 18.2
DC Characteristics (2) .......................................................................................... 258
Table 18.3
AC Characteristics ................................................................................................ 259
Table 18.4
Serial Interface (SCI3) Timing ............................................................................. 261
Table 18.5
A/D Converter Characteristics.............................................................................. 262
Table 18.6
Watchdog Timer Characteristics........................................................................... 263
Table 18.7
Flash Memory Characteristics .............................................................................. 264
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page xxiv of xxvi
Table 18.8
Table 18.9
Table 18.10
Table 18.10
Table 18.11
Table 18.12
Table 18.13
Table 18.14
Table 18.15
Table 18.16
Power-Supply-Voltage Detection Circuit Characteristics..................................... 266
Power-On Reset Circuit Characteristics................................................................ 267
DC Characteristics (1)....................................................................................... 270
DC Characteristics (2)....................................................................................... 274
AC Characteristics ............................................................................................ 275
Serial Interface (SCI3) Timing ......................................................................... 277
A/D Converter Characteristics .......................................................................... 278
Watchdog Timer Characteristics....................................................................... 279
Power-Supply-Voltage Detection Circuit Characteristics................................. 280
Power-On Reset Circuit Characteristics............................................................ 281
Appendix
Table A.1
Table A.2
Table A.2
Table A.2
Table A.3
Table A.4
Table A.5
Instruction Set ....................................................................................................... 287
Operation Code Map (1) ....................................................................................... 300
Operation Code Map (2) ....................................................................................... 301
Operation Code Map (3) ....................................................................................... 302
Number of Cycles in Each Instruction.................................................................. 304
Number of Cycles in Each Instruction.................................................................. 305
Combinations of Instructions and Addressing Modes .......................................... 314
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page xxv of xxvi
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page xxvi of xxvi
Section 1 Overview
Section 1 Overview
1.1
Features
• High-speed H8/300H central processing unit with an internal 16-bit architecture
 Upward-compatible with H8/300 CPU on an object level
 Sixteen 16-bit general registers
 62 basic instructions
• Various peripheral functions
 Timer V (8-bit timer)
 Timer W (16-bit timer)
 Watchdog timer
 SCI3 (Asynchronous or clocked synchronous serial communication interface)
 10-bit A/D converter
• On-chip memory
Model
Standard
Version
On-Chip PowerOn Reset and
Low-Voltage
Detecting
Circuit Version ROM
RAM
H8/36024F
HD64F36024
HD64F36024G
32 kbytes
2,048 bytes
H8/36022F
HD64F36022
HD64F36022G
16 kbytes
2,048 bytes
Product Classification
Flash memory
version
TM
(F-ZTAT
version)
Masked ROM
version
H8/36014F
HD64F36014
HD64F36014G
32 kbytes
2,048 bytes
H8/36012F
HD64F36012
HD64F36012G
16 kbytes
2,048 bytes
H8/36024
HD64336024
HD64336024G
32 kbytes
1,024 bytes
H8/36023
HD64336023
HD64336023G
24 kbytes
1,024 bytes
H8/36022
HD64336022
HD64336022G
16 kbytes
512 bytes
H8/36014
HD64336014
HD64336014G
32 kbytes
1,024 bytes
H8/36013
HD64336013
HD64336013G
24 kbytes
1,024 bytes
H8/36012
HD64336012
HD64336012G
16 kbytes
512 bytes
H8/36011
HD64336011
HD64336011G
12 kbytes
512 bytes
H8/36010
HD64336010
HD64336010G
8 kbytes
512 bytes
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 1 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 1 Overview
• General I/O ports
 I/O pins: 30 I/O pins, including 5 large current ports (IOL = 20 mA, @VOL = 1.5 V)
 Input-only pins: 4 input pins (also used for analog input)
• Supports various power-down modes
Note: F-ZTATTM is a trademark of Renesas Technology Corp.
• Compact package
Package
Code
Body Size
Pin Pitch
LQFP-64
FP-64E
10.0 × 10.0 mm
0.5 mm
LQFP-48
FP-48F
LQFP-48
FP-48B
QFN-48
TNP-48
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 2 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
10.0 × 10.0 mm
7.0 × 7.0 mm
7.0 × 7.0 mm
0.65 mm
0.5 mm
0.5 mm
Section 1 Overview
OSC1
OSC2
Port 1
P22/TXD
P21/RXD
P20/SCK3
CPU
H8/300H
Data bus (lower)
RAM
ROM
Timer V
SCI3_3*1
A/D
converter
Watchdog
timer
P76/TMOV
P75/TMCIV
P74/TMRIV
P73
P72/TXD_2
P71/RXD_2
P70/SCK3_2
P84/FTIOD
P83/FTIOC
P82/FTIOB
P81/FTIOA
P80/FTCI
CMOS large current port
IOL = 20 mA @ VOL = 1.5 V
SCI3_2
Port 8
Timer W
Port 7
SCI3
Port 5
P57/TXD_3*2
P56/RXD_3*2
P55/WKP5/ADTRG
P54/WKP4
P53/WKP3
P52/WKP2
P51/WKP1
P50/WKP0
E10T_0*3
E10T_1*3
E10T_2*3
Address bus
P17/IRQ3/TRGV
P16
P15
P14/IRQ0
P12/SCK3_3*2
P11
P10
Port 2
System
clock
generator
Data bus (upper)
NMI
TEST
PB3/AN3
PB2/AN2
PB1/AN1
PB0/AN0
Port B
AVCC
RES
VCC
Internal Block Diagram
VSS
VCL
1.2
Notes: 1. The SCI3_3 function is incorporated in the H8/36024.
2. Since the SCI3_3 function is not incorporated in the H8/36014, the SCK3_3, RXD_3, and TXD_3 pins are not multiplexed.
3. Can also be used for the E7 or E8 emulator.
Figure 1.1 Internal Block Diagram
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 3 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 1 Overview
NC
NC
NMI
P80/FTCI
P81/FTIOA
P82/FTIOB
P83/FTIOC
P84/FTIOD
E10T_0*2
E10T_1*2
E10T_2*2
P20/SCK3
P21/RXD
P22/TXD
NC
Pin Arrangement
NC
1.3
48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33
NC
49
32
NC
NC
50
31
NC
P14/IRQ0
51
30
P76/TMOV
P15
52
29
P75/TMCIV
P16
53
28
P74/TMRIV
P17/IRQ3/TRGV
54
27
P57/TXD_3*1
P73
55
26
P56/RXD_3*1
P72/TXD_2
56
25
P12/SCK3_3*1
P71/RXD_2
57
24
P11
P70/SCK3_2
58
23
P10
PB3/AN3
59
22
P55/WKP5/ADTRG
PB2/AN2
60
21
P54/WKP4
PB1/AN1
61
20
P53/WKP3
PB0/AN0
62
19
P52/WKP2
NC
63
18
NC
NC
64
17
NC
NC
NC
P51/WKP1
P50/WKP0
VCC
OSC1
OSC2
8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
VSS
RES
7
TEST
VCL
5 6
NC
3 4
NC
2
AVCC
NC
1
NC
H8/36024 Group
H8/36014 Group
Top view
Notes: Do not connect NC pins (these pins are not connected to the internal circuitry).
*1 The SCK3_3, RXD_3, and TXD_3 pins are not multiplexed in the H8/36014.
*2 Can also be used for the E7 or E8 emulator.
Figure 1.2 Pin Arrangement (FP-64E)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 4 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
NMI
P80/FTCI
P81/FTIOA
P82/FTIOB
P83/FTIOC
P84/FTIOD
E10T_0*2
E10T_1*2
E10T_2*2
P20/SCK3
P21/RXD
P22/TXD
Section 1 Overview
36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25
P14/IRQ0
37
24
P76/TMOV
P15
38
23
P75/TMCIV
P16
39
22
P74/TMRIV
P17/IRQ3/TRGV
40
21
P57/TXD_3*1
P73
41
20
P56/RXD_3*1
P72/TXD_2
42
19
P12/SCK3_3*1
P71/RXD_2
43
18
P11
P70/SCK3_2
44
17
P10
PB3/AN3
45
16
P55/WKP5/ADTRG
PB2/AN2
46
15
P54/WKP4
PB1/AN1
47
14
P53/WKP3
PB0/AN0
48
13
P52/WKP2
H8/36014
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12
NC
NC
VCL
RES
TEST
Vss
OSC2
OSC1
P51/WKP1
3
P50/WKP0
2
Vcc
1
AVcc
Top view
Notes: Do not connect NC pins (these pins are not connected to the internal circuitry).
*1 The SCK3_3, RXD_3, and TXD_3 pins are not multiplexed in the H8/36014.
*2 Can also be used for the E7 or E8 emulator.
Figure 1.3 Pin Arrangement (FP-48F, FP-48B, TNP-48)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 5 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 1 Overview
1.4
Pin Functions
Table 1.1
Pin Functions
Pin No.
Type
Symbol
FP-64E
FP-48F,
FP-48B,
TNP-48
Power
source pins
VCC
12
10
Input
Power supply pin. Connect this pin
to the system power supply.
VSS
9
7
Input
Ground pin. Connect this pin to the
system power supply (0V).
AVCC
3
1
Input
Analog power supply pin for the A/D
converter. When the A/D converter
is not used, connect this pin to the
system power supply.
VCL
6
4
Input
Internal step-down power supply
pin. Connect a capacitor of around
0.1 µF between this pin and the Vss
pin for stabilization.
OSC1
11
9
Input
OSC2
10
8
Output
These pins connect to a crystal or
ceramic resonator for system
clocks, or can be used to input an
external clock.
Clock pins
I/O
Functions
See section 5, Clock Pulse
Generators, for a typical
connection.
System
control
Interrupt
pins
RES
7
5
Input
TEST
8
6
Input
Test pin. Connect this pin to Vss.
NMI
35
25
Input
Non-maskable interrupt request
input pin. Be sure to pull-up by a
pull-up resistor.
IRQ0,
IRQ3
51, 54
37, 40
Input
External interrupt request input
pins. Can select the rising or falling
edge.
WKP0 to
WKP5
13, 14,
19 to 22
11 to 16
Input
External interrupt request input
pins. Can select the rising or falling
edge.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 6 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Reset pin. The pull-up resistor (typ.
150 kΩ) is incorporated. When
driven low, the chip is reset.
Section 1 Overview
Pin No.
Type
Symbol
FP-64E
FP-48F,
FP-48B,
TNP-48
Timer V
TMOV
30
24
Output
This is an output pin for waveforms
generated by the output compare
function.
TMCIV
29
23
Input
External event input pin.
TMRIV
28
22
Input
Counter reset input pin.
TRGV
54
40
Input
Counter start trigger input pin.
FTCI
36
26
Input
External event input pin.
FTIOA to
FTIOD
37 to 40
27 to 30
I/O
Output compare output/ input
capture input/ PWM output pin
TXD,
TXD_2,
TXD_3*
46, 56, 27
36, 42, 21
Output
Transmit data output pin
RXD,
RXD_2,
RXD_3*
45, 57, 26
35, 43, 20
Input
Receive data input pin
SCK3,
SCK3_2,
SCK3_3*
44, 58, 25
34, 44, 19
I/O
Clock I/O pin
AN3 to AN0 59 to 62
45 to 48
Input
Analog input pin
ADTRG
16
Input
A/D converter trigger input pin.
PB3 to PB0 59 to 62
45 to 48
Input
4-bit input port.
P17 to P14, 54 to 51,
P12 to P10 25 to 23
40 to 37,
19 to 17
I/O
7-bit I/O port.
P22 to P20
46 to 44
36 to 34
I/O
3-bit I/O port.
P57 to P50
27, 26,
22 to 19,
14, 13
21, 20,
16 to 11
I/O
8-bit I/O port
P76 to P70
30 to 28,
55 to 58
24 to 22,
41 to 44
I/O
7-bit I/O port
I/O
Timer W
Serial communication
interface
(SCI)
A/D
converter
I/O ports
E10T
Note:
*
22
P84 to P80
40 to 36
30 to 26
E10T _0,
E10T _1,
E10T _2
41, 42, 43
31, 32, 33
I/O
Functions
5-bit I/O port.
Interface pin for the E10T, E8, or
E7 emulator
The SCK3_3, RXD_3, and TXD_3 pins are not multiplexed in the H8/36014.
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Section 1 Overview
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 8 of 354
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Section 2 CPU
Section 2 CPU
This LSI has an H8/300H CPU with an internal 32-bit architecture that is upward-compatible with
the H8/300CPU, and supports only normal mode, which has a 64-kbyte address space.
• Upward-compatible with H8/300 CPUs
 Can execute H8/300 CPUs object programs
 Additional eight 16-bit extended registers
 32-bit transfer and arithmetic and logic instructions are added
 Signed multiply and divide instructions are added.
• General-register architecture
 Sixteen 16-bit general registers also usable as sixteen 8-bit registers or eight 32-bit registers
• Sixty-two basic instructions
 8/16/32-bit data transfer and arithmetic and logic instructions
 Multiply and divide instructions
 Powerful bit-manipulation instructions
• Eight addressing modes
 Register direct [Rn]
 Register indirect [@ERn]
 Register indirect with displacement [@(d:16,ERn) or @(d:24,ERn)]
 Register indirect with post-increment or pre-decrement [@ERn+ or @–ERn]
 Absolute address [@aa:8, @aa:16, @aa:24]
 Immediate [#xx:8, #xx:16, or #xx:32]
 Program-counter relative [@(d:8,PC) or @(d:16,PC)]
 Memory indirect [@@aa:8]
• 64-kbyte address space
• High-speed operation
 All frequently-used instructions execute in one or two states
 8/16/32-bit register-register add/subtract
: 2 state
 8 × 8-bit register-register multiply : 14 states
 16 ÷ 8-bit register-register divide
: 14 states
 16 × 16-bit register-register multiply : 22 states
 32 ÷ 16-bit register-register divide : 22 states
• Power-down state
 Transition to power-down state by SLEEP instruction
CPU30H2E_000120030300
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Section 2 CPU
2.1
Address Space and Memory Map
The address space of this LSI is 64 kbytes, which includes the program area and the data area.
Figures 2.1 show the memory maps.
H8/36024F
H8/36014F
(Flash memory version)
H'0000
H'0045
H'0046
Interrupt vector
H8/36022F
H8/36012F
(Flash memory version)
H'0000
H'0045
H'0046
Interrupt vector
H8/36023
H8/36013
(Masked ROM version)
H8/36024
H8/36014
(Masked ROM version)
H'0000
H'0045
H'0046
Interrupt vector
H'0000
H'0045
H'0046
Interrupt vector
On-chip ROM
(16 kbytes)
On-chip ROM
(24 kbytes)
On-chip ROM
(32 kbytes)
H'3FFF
On-chip ROM
(32 kbytes)
H'5FFF
Not used
H'7FFF
H'7FFF
Not used
H'F600
H'F74F
Internal I/O register
H'F780
Not used
H'F600
H'F74F
Internal I/O register
H'F600
H'F74F
Internal I/O register
H'F600
H'F74F
Internal I/O register
H'F780
(1-kbyte work area for
flash memory
programming)
(1-kbyte work area for
flash memory
programming)
H'FB7F
H'FB80
Not used
On-chip RAM
(2 kbytes)
H'FB7F
H'FB80
H'FF7F
H'FF80
Internal I/O register
H'FFFF
H'FB80
H'FB80
On-chip RAM
(1 kbyte)
(1-kbyte user area)
(1-kbyte user area)
H'FF7F
H'FF80
On-chip RAM
(2 kbytes)
H'FF7F
H'FF80
Internal I/O register
H'FFFF
Internal I/O register
Internal I/O register
Figure 2.1 Memory Map (1)
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On-chip RAM
(1 kbyte)
H'FF7F
H'FF80
H'FFFF
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 10 of 354
Not used
Not used
H'FFFF
Section 2 CPU
H8/36022
H8/36012
(Masked ROM version)
H'0000
H'0045
H'0046
Interrupt vector
On-chip ROM
(16 kbytes)
H8/36011
(Masked ROM version)
H'0000
H'0045
H'0046
H8/36010
(Masked ROM version)
H'0000
H'0045
H'0046
Interrupt vector
Interrupt vector
On-chip ROM
(8 kbytes)
On-chip ROM
(12 kbytes)
H'1FFF
H'2FFF
H'3FFF
Not used
Not used
Not used
H'F600
H'F74F
Internal I/O register
H'F600
H'F74F
Not used
H'FD80
H'FF7F
H'FF80
Not used
H'FF7F
H'FF80
Internal I/O register
Not used
H'FD80
On-chip RAM
(512 bytes)
Internal I/O register
H'FFFF
H'F600
H'F74F
Internal I/O register
H'FD80
On-chip RAM
(512 bytes)
H'FF7F
H'FF80
Internal I/O register
On-chip RAM
(512 bytes)
Internal I/O register
H'FFFF
H'FFFF
Figure 2.1 Memory Map (2)
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Section 2 CPU
2.2
Register Configuration
The H8/300H CPU has the internal registers shown in figure 2.2. There are two types of registers;
general registers and control registers. The control registers are a 24-bit program counter (PC), and
an 8-bit condition code register (CCR).
General Registers (ERn)
15
0 7
0 7
0
ER0
E0
R0H
R0L
ER1
E1
R1H
R1L
ER2
E2
R2H
R2L
ER3
E3
R3H
R3L
ER4
E4
R4H
R4L
ER5
E5
R5H
R5L
ER6
E6
R6H
R6L
ER7 (SP)
E7
R7H
R7L
Control Registers (CR)
23
0
PC
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
CCR I UI H U N Z V C
Legend
SP
PC
CCR
I
UI
:Stack pointer
:Program counter
:Condition-code register
:Interrupt mask bit
:User bit
H
U
N
Z
V
C
Figure 2.2 CPU Registers
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REJ09B0025-0400
:Half-carry flag
:User bit
:Negative flag
:Zero flag
:Overflow flag
:Carry flag
Section 2 CPU
2.2.1
General Registers
The H8/300H CPU has eight 32-bit general registers. These general registers are all functionally
identical and can be used as both address registers and data registers. When a general register is
used as a data register, it can be accessed as a 32-bit, 16-bit, or 8-bit register. Figure 2.3 illustrates
the usage of the general registers. When the general registers are used as 32-bit registers or address
registers, they are designated by the letters ER (ER0 to ER7).
The ER registers divide into 16-bit general registers designated by the letters E (E0 to E7) and R
(R0 to R7). These registers are functionally equivalent, providing a maximum of sixteen 16-bit
registers. The E registers (E0 to E7) are also referred to as extended registers.
The R registers divide into 8-bit registers designated by the letters RH (R0H to R7H) and RL (R0L
to R7L). These registers are functionally equivalent, providing a maximum of sixteen 8-bit
registers.
The usage of each register can be selected independently.
• Address registers
• 32-bit registers
• 16-bit registers
• 8-bit registers
E registers (extended registers)
(E0 to E7)
ER registers
(ER0 to ER7)
RH registers
(R0H to R7H)
R registers
(R0 to R7)
RL registers
(R0L to R7L)
Figure 2.3 Usage of General Registers
General register ER7 has the function of stack pointer (SP) in addition to its general-register
function, and is used implicitly in exception handling and subroutine calls. Figure 2.4 shows the
stack.
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Section 2 CPU
Free area
SP (ER7)
Stack area
Figure 2.4 Relationship between Stack Pointer and Stack Area
2.2.2
Program Counter (PC)
This 24-bit counter indicates the address of the next instruction the CPU will execute. The length
of all CPU instructions is 2 bytes (one word), so the least significant PC bit is ignored. (When an
instruction is fetched, the least significant PC bit is regarded as 0). The PC is initialized when the
start address is loaded by the vector address generated during reset exception-handling sequence.
2.2.3
Condition-Code Register (CCR)
This 8-bit register contains internal CPU status information, including an interrupt mask bit (I) and
half-carry (H), negative (N), zero (Z), overflow (V), and carry (C) flags. The I bit is initialized to 1
by reset exception-handling sequence, but other bits are not initialized.
Some instructions leave flag bits unchanged. Operations can be performed on the CCR bits by the
LDC, STC, ANDC, ORC, and XORC instructions. The N, Z, V, and C flags are used as branching
conditions for conditional branch (Bcc) instructions.
For the action of each instruction on the flag bits, see Appendix A.1, Instruction List.
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Section 2 CPU
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
I
1
R/W
Interrupt Mask Bit
Masks interrupts other than NMI when set to 1. NMI is
accepted regardless of the I bit setting. The I bit is set
to 1 at the start of an exception-handling sequence.
6
UI
Undefined R/W
User Bit
Can be written and read by software using the LDC,
STC, ANDC, ORC, and XORC instructions.
5
H
Undefined R/W
Half-Carry Flag
When the ADD.B, ADDX.B, SUB.B, SUBX.B, CMP.B,
or NEG.B instruction is executed, this flag is set to 1 if
there is a carry or borrow at bit 3, and cleared to 0
otherwise. When the ADD.W, SUB.W, CMP.W, or
NEG.W instruction is executed, the H flag is set to 1 if
there is a carry or borrow at bit 11, and cleared to 0
otherwise. When the ADD.L, SUB.L, CMP.L, or NEG.L
instruction is executed, the H flag is set to 1 if there is a
carry or borrow at bit 27, and cleared to 0 otherwise.
4
U
Undefined R/W
User Bit
Can be written and read by software using the LDC,
STC, ANDC, ORC, and XORC instructions.
3
N
Undefined R/W
Negative Flag
Stores the value of the most significant bit of data as a
sign bit.
2
Z
Undefined R/W
Zero Flag
Set to 1 to indicate zero data, and cleared to 0 to
indicate non-zero data.
1
V
Undefined R/W
Overflow Flag
Set to 1 when an arithmetic overflow occurs, and
cleared to 0 at other times.
0
C
Undefined R/W
Carry Flag
Set to 1 when a carry occurs, and cleared to 0
otherwise. Used by:
•
Add instructions, to indicate a carry
•
Subtract instructions, to indicate a borrow
•
Shift and rotate instructions, to indicate a carry
The carry flag is also used as a bit accumulator by bit
manipulation instructions.
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Section 2 CPU
2.3
Data Formats
The H8/300H CPU can process 1-bit, 4-bit (BCD), 8-bit (byte), 16-bit (word), and 32-bit
(longword) data. Bit-manipulation instructions operate on 1-bit data by accessing bit n (n = 0, 1, 2,
…, 7) of byte operand data. The DAA and DAS decimal-adjust instructions treat byte data as two
digits of 4-bit BCD data.
2.3.1
General Register Data Formats
Figure 2.5 shows the data formats in general registers.
Data Type
General Register
Data Format
7
RnH
1-bit data
0
Don't care
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
7
1-bit data
RnL
4-bit BCD data
RnH
4-bit BCD data
RnL
Byte data
RnH
Don't care
7
4 3
Upper
0
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
0
Lower
Don't care
7
Don't care
7
4 3
Upper
0
Don't care
MSB
LSB
7
Byte data
RnL
Figure 2.5 General Register Data Formats (1)
REJ09B0025-0400
0
Don't care
MSB
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 16 of 354
0
Lower
LSB
Section 2 CPU
Data Type
General
Register
Word data
Rn
Data Format
15
Word data
MSB
En
15
MSB
Longword
data
0
LSB
0
LSB
ERn
31
16 15
MSB
0
LSB
Legend
ERn
: General register ER
En
: General register E
Rn
: General register R
RnH
: General register RH
RnL
: General register RL
MSB : Most significant bit
LSB
: Least significant bit
Figure 2.5 General Register Data Formats (2)
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Section 2 CPU
2.3.2
Memory Data Formats
Figure 2.6 shows the data formats in memory. The H8/300H CPU can access word data and
longword data in memory, however word or longword data must begin at an even address. If an
attempt is made to access word or longword data at an odd address, an address error does not
occur, however the least significant bit of the address is regarded as 0, so access begins the
preceding address. This also applies to instruction fetches.
When ER7 (SP) is used as an address register to access the stack, the operand size should be word
or longword.
Data Type
Address
Data Format
7
1-bit data
Address L
7
Byte data
Address L
MSB
Word data
Address 2M
MSB
0
6
5
4
3
2
Address 2N
0
LSB
LSB
Address 2M+1
Longword data
1
MSB
Address 2N+1
Address 2N+2
Address 2N+3
Figure 2.6 Memory Data Formats
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LSB
Section 2 CPU
2.4
Instruction Set
2.4.1
Table of Instructions Classified by Function
The H8/300H CPU has 62 instructions. Tables 2.2 to 2.9 summarize the instructions in each
functional category. The notation used in tables 2.2 to 2.9 is defined below.
Table 2.1
Symbol
Operation Notation
Description
Rd
General register (destination)*
Rs
General register (source)*
Rn
General register*
ERn
General register (32-bit register or address register)
(EAd)
Destination operand
(EAs)
Source operand
CCR
Condition-code register
N
N (negative) flag in CCR
Z
Z (zero) flag in CCR
V
V (overflow) flag in CCR
C
C (carry) flag in CCR
PC
Program counter
SP
Stack pointer
#IMM
Immediate data
disp
Displacement
+
Addition
–
Subtraction
×
Multiplication
÷
Division
∧
Logical AND
∨
Logical OR
⊕
Logical XOR
→
Move
¬
NOT (logical complement)
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Section 2 CPU
Symbol
Description
:3/:8/:16/:24
3-, 8-, 16-, or 24-bit length
Note:
*
General registers include 8-bit registers (R0H to R7H, R0L to R7L), 16-bit registers (R0
to R7, E0 to E7), and 32-bit registers/address registers (ER0 to ER7).
Table 2.2
Data Transfer Instructions
Instruction
Size*
Function
MOV
B/W/L
(EAs) → Rd, Rs → (EAd)
Moves data between two general registers or between a general register
and memory, or moves immediate data to a general register.
MOVFPE
B
(EAs) → Rd, Cannot be used in this LSI.
MOVTPE
B
Rs → (EAs) Cannot be used in this LSI.
POP
W/L
@SP+ → Rn
Pops a general register from the stack. POP.W Rn is identical to
MOV.W @SP+, Rn. POP.L ERn is identical to MOV.L @SP+, ERn.
PUSH
W/L
Rn → @–SP
Pushes a general register onto the stack. PUSH.W Rn is identical to
MOV.W Rn, @–SP. PUSH.L ERn is identical to MOV.L ERn, @–SP.
Note:
* Refers to the operand size.
B: Byte
W: Word
L: Longword
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Section 2 CPU
Table 2.3
Arithmetic Operations Instructions (1)
Instruction
Size*
Function
ADD
SUB
B/W/L
Rd ± Rs → Rd, Rd ± #IMM → Rd
Performs addition or subtraction on data in two general registers, or on
immediate data and data in a general register (immediate byte data
cannot be subtracted from byte data in a general register. Use the
SUBX or ADD instruction.)
ADDX
SUBX
B
Rd ± Rs ± C → Rd, Rd ± #IMM ± C → Rd
Performs addition or subtraction with carry on byte data in two general
registers, or on immediate data and data in a general register.
INC
DEC
B/W/L
Rd ± 1 → Rd, Rd ± 2 → Rd
Increments or decrements a general register by 1 or 2. (Byte operands
can be incremented or decremented by 1 only.)
ADDS
SUBS
L
Rd ± 1 → Rd, Rd ± 2 → Rd, Rd ± 4 → Rd
Adds or subtracts the value 1, 2, or 4 to or from data in a 32-bit register.
DAA
DAS
B
Rd decimal adjust → Rd
Decimal-adjusts an addition or subtraction result in a general register by
referring to the CCR to produce 4-bit BCD data.
MULXU
B/W
Rd × Rs → Rd
Performs unsigned multiplication on data in two general registers: either
8 bits × 8 bits → 16 bits or 16 bits × 16 bits → 32 bits.
MULXS
B/W
Rd × Rs → Rd
Performs signed multiplication on data in two general registers: either 8
bits × 8 bits → 16 bits or 16 bits × 16 bits → 32 bits.
DIVXU
B/W
Rd ÷ Rs → Rd
Performs unsigned division on data in two general registers: either 16
bits ÷ 8 bits → 8-bit quotient and 8-bit remainder or 32 bits ÷ 16 bits →
16-bit quotient and 16-bit remainder.
Note:
* Refers to the operand size.
B: Byte
W: Word
L: Longword
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Section 2 CPU
Table 2.3
Arithmetic Operations Instructions (2)
Instruction
Size*
Function
DIVXS
B/W
Rd ÷ Rs → Rd
Performs signed division on data in two general registers: either 16 bits
÷ 8 bits → 8-bit quotient and 8-bit remainder or 32 bits ÷ 16 bits → 16-bit
quotient and 16-bit remainder.
CMP
B/W/L
Rd – Rs, Rd – #IMM
Compares data in a general register with data in another general
register or with immediate data, and sets CCR bits according to the
result.
NEG
B/W/L
0 – Rd → Rd
Takes the two's complement (arithmetic complement) of data in a
general register.
EXTU
W/L
Rd (zero extension) → Rd
Extends the lower 8 bits of a 16-bit register to word size, or the lower 16
bits of a 32-bit register to longword size, by padding with zeros on the
left.
EXTS
W/L
Rd (sign extension) → Rd
Extends the lower 8 bits of a 16-bit register to word size, or the lower 16
bits of a 32-bit register to longword size, by extending the sign bit.
Note:
* Refers to the operand size.
B: Byte
W: Word
L: Longword
Table 2.4
Logic Operations Instructions
Instruction
Size*
Function
AND
B/W/L
Rd ∧ Rs → Rd, Rd ∧ #IMM → Rd
Performs a logical AND operation on a general register and another
general register or immediate data.
OR
B/W/L
Rd ∨ Rs → Rd, Rd ∨ #IMM → Rd
Performs a logical OR operation on a general register and another
general register or immediate data.
XOR
B/W/L
Rd ⊕ Rs → Rd, Rd ⊕ #IMM → Rd
Performs a logical exclusive OR operation on a general register and
another general register or immediate data.
NOT
B/W/L
¬ (Rd) → (Rd)
Takes the one's complement of general register contents.
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Section 2 CPU
Note:
* Refers to the operand size.
B: Byte
W: Word
L: Longword
Table 2.5
Shift Instructions
Instruction
Size*
Function
SHAL
SHAR
B/W/L
Rd (shift) → Rd
Performs an arithmetic shift on general register contents.
SHLL
SHLR
B/W/L
Rd (shift) → Rd
Performs a logical shift on general register contents.
ROTL
ROTR
B/W/L
Rd (rotate) → Rd
Rotates general register contents.
ROTXL
ROTXR
B/W/L
Rd (rotate) → Rd
Rotates general register contents through the carry flag.
Note:
* Refers to the operand size.
B: Byte
W: Word
L: Longword
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Section 2 CPU
Table 2.6
Bit Manipulation Instructions (1)
Instruction
Size*
Function
BSET
B
1 → (<bit-No.> of <EAd>)
Sets a specified bit in a general register or memory operand to 1. The bit
number is specified by 3-bit immediate data or the lower three bits of a
general register.
BCLR
B
0 → (<bit-No.> of <EAd>)
Clears a specified bit in a general register or memory operand to 0. The
bit number is specified by 3-bit immediate data or the lower three bits of
a general register.
BNOT
B
¬ (<bit-No.> of <EAd>) → (<bit-No.> of <EAd>)
Inverts a specified bit in a general register or memory operand. The bit
number is specified by 3-bit immediate data or the lower three bits of a
general register.
BTST
B
¬ (<bit-No.> of <EAd>) → Z
Tests a specified bit in a general register or memory operand and sets
or clears the Z flag accordingly. The bit number is specified by 3-bit
immediate data or the lower three bits of a general register.
BAND
B
C ∧ (<bit-No.> of <EAd>) → C
ANDs the carry flag with a specified bit in a general register or memory
operand and stores the result in the carry flag.
BIAND
B
C ∧ ¬ (<bit-No.> of <EAd>) → C
ANDs the carry flag with the inverse of a specified bit in a general
register or memory operand and stores the result in the carry flag.
The bit number is specified by 3-bit immediate data.
BOR
B
C ∨ (<bit-No.> of <EAd>) → C
ORs the carry flag with a specified bit in a general register or memory
operand and stores the result in the carry flag.
BIOR
B
C ∨ ¬ (<bit-No.> of <EAd>) → C
ORs the carry flag with the inverse of a specified bit in a general register
or memory operand and stores the result in the carry flag.
The bit number is specified by 3-bit immediate data.
Note:
* Refers to the operand size.
B: Byte
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Table 2.6
Bit Manipulation Instructions (2)
Instruction
Size*
Function
BXOR
B
C ⊕ (<bit-No.> of <EAd>) → C
XORs the carry flag with a specified bit in a general register or memory
operand and stores the result in the carry flag.
BIXOR
B
C ⊕ ¬ (<bit-No.> of <EAd>) → C
XORs the carry flag with the inverse of a specified bit in a general
register or memory operand and stores the result in the carry flag.
The bit number is specified by 3-bit immediate data.
BLD
B
(<bit-No.> of <EAd>) → C
Transfers a specified bit in a general register or memory operand to the
carry flag.
BILD
B
¬ (<bit-No.> of <EAd>) → C
Transfers the inverse of a specified bit in a general register or memory
operand to the carry flag.
The bit number is specified by 3-bit immediate data.
BST
B
C → (<bit-No.> of <EAd>)
Transfers the carry flag value to a specified bit in a general register or
memory operand.
BIST
B
¬ C → (<bit-No.> of <EAd>)
Transfers the inverse of the carry flag value to a specified bit in a
general register or memory operand.
The bit number is specified by 3-bit immediate data.
Note:
* Refers to the operand size.
B: Byte
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Table 2.7
Branch Instructions
Instruction
Size
Function
Bcc*
—
Branches to a specified address if a specified condition is true. The
branching conditions are listed below.
Mnemonic
Description
Condition
BRA(BT)
Always (true)
Always
BRN(BF)
Never (false)
Never
BHI
High
C∨Z=0
BLS
Low or same
C∨Z=1
BCC(BHS)
Carry clear
(high or same)
C=0
BCS(BLO)
Carry set (low)
C=1
BNE
Not equal
Z=0
BEQ
Equal
Z=1
BVC
Overflow clear
V=0
BVS
Overflow set
V=1
BPL
Plus
N=0
BMI
Minus
N=1
BGE
Greater or equal
N⊕V=0
BLT
Less than
N⊕V=1
BGT
Greater than
Z∨(N ⊕ V) = 0
BLE
Less or equal
Z∨(N ⊕ V) = 1
JMP
—
Branches unconditionally to a specified address.
BSR
—
Branches to a subroutine at a specified address.
JSR
—
Branches to a subroutine at a specified address.
RTS
—
Returns from a subroutine
Note:
*
Bcc is the general name for conditional branch instructions.
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Table 2.8
Instruction
System Control Instructions
Size*
Function
TRAPA
—
Starts trap-instruction exception handling.
RTE
—
Returns from an exception-handling routine.
SLEEP
—
Causes a transition to a power-down state.
LDC
B/W
(EAs) → CCR
Moves the source operand contents to the CCR. The CCR size is one
byte, but in transfer from memory, data is read by word access.
STC
B/W
CCR → (EAd), EXR → (EAd)
Transfers the CCR contents to a destination location. The condition
code register size is one byte, but in transfer to memory, data is written
by word access.
ANDC
B
CCR ∧ #IMM → CCR, EXR ∧ #IMM → EXR
Logically ANDs the CCR with immediate data.
ORC
B
CCR ∨ #IMM → CCR, EXR ∨ #IMM → EXR
Logically ORs the CCR with immediate data.
XORC
B
CCR ⊕ #IMM → CCR, EXR ⊕ #IMM → EXR
Logically XORs the CCR with immediate data.
NOP
—
PC + 2 → PC
Only increments the program counter.
Note:
* Refers to the operand size.
B: Byte
W: Word
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Table 2.9
Block Data Transfer Instructions
Instruction
Size
Function
EEPMOV.B
—
if R4L ≠ 0 then
Repeat @ER5+ → @ER6+,
R4L–1 → R4L
Until R4L = 0
else next;
EEPMOV.W
—
if R4 ≠ 0 then
Repeat @ER5+ → @ER6+,
R4–1 → R4
Until R4 = 0
else next;
Transfers a data block. Starting from the address set in ER5, transfers
data for the number of bytes set in R4L or R4 to the address location set
in ER6.
Execution of the next instruction begins as soon as the transfer is
completed.
2.4.2
Basic Instruction Formats
H8/300H CPU instructions consist of 2-byte (1-word) units. An instruction consists of an
operation field (op field), a register field (r field), an effective address extension (EA field), and a
condition field (cc).
Figure 2.7 shows examples of instruction formats.
• Operation Field
Indicates the function of the instruction, the addressing mode, and the operation to be carried
out on the operand. The operation field always includes the first four bits of the instruction.
Some instructions have two operation fields.
• Register Field
Specifies a general register. Address registers are specified by 3 bits, and data registers by 3
bits or 4 bits. Some instructions have two register fields. Some have no register field.
• Effective Address Extension
8, 16, or 32 bits specifying immediate data, an absolute address, or a displacement. A24-bit
address or displacement is treated as a 32-bit data in which the first 8 bits are 0 (H'00).
• Condition Field
Specifies the branching condition of Bcc instructions.
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Section 2 CPU
(1) Operation field only
op
NOP, RTS, etc.
(2) Operation field and register fields
op
rm
rn
ADD.B Rn, Rm, etc.
(3) Operation field, register fields, and effective address extension
op
rn
rm
MOV.B @(d:16, Rn), Rm
EA(disp)
(4) Operation field, effective address extension, and condition field
op
cc
EA(disp)
BRA d:8
Figure 2.7 Instruction Formats
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2.5
Addressing Modes and Effective Address Calculation
The following describes the H8/300H CPU. In this LSI, the upper eight bits are ignored in the
generated 24-bit address, so the effective address is 16 bits.
2.5.1
Addressing Modes
The H8/300H CPU supports the eight addressing modes listed in table 2.10. Each instruction uses
a subset of these addressing modes. Addressing modes that can be used differ depending on the
instruction. For details, refer to Appendix A.4, Combinations of Instructions and Addressing
Modes.
Arithmetic and logic instructions can use the register direct and immediate modes. Data transfer
instructions can use all addressing modes except program-counter relative and memory indirect.
Bit manipulation instructions use register direct, register indirect, or the absolute addressing mode
to specify an operand, and register direct (BSET, BCLR, BNOT, and BTST instructions) or
immediate (3-bit) addressing mode to specify a bit number in the operand.
Table 2.10 Addressing Modes
No.
Addressing Mode
Symbol
1
Register direct
Rn
2
Register indirect
@ERn
3
Register indirect with displacement
@(d:16,ERn)/@(d:24,ERn)
4
Register indirect with post-increment
Register indirect with pre-decrement
@ERn+
@–ERn
5
Absolute address
@aa:8/@aa:16/@aa:24
6
Immediate
#xx:8/#xx:16/#xx:32
7
Program-counter relative
@(d:8,PC)/@(d:16,PC)
8
Memory indirect
@@aa:8
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(1)
Register Direct—Rn
The register field of the instruction specifies an 8-, 16-, or 32-bit general register containing the
operand. R0H to R7H and R0L to R7L can be specified as 8-bit registers. R0 to R7 and E0 to E7
can be specified as 16-bit registers. ER0 to ER7 can be specified as 32-bit registers.
(2)
Register Indirect—@ERn
The register field of the instruction code specifies an address register (ERn), the lower 24 bits of
which contain the address of the operand on memory.
(3)
Register Indirect with Displacement—@(d:16, ERn) or @(d:24, ERn)
A 16-bit or 24-bit displacement contained in the instruction is added to an address register (ERn)
specified by the register field of the instruction, and the lower 24 bits of the sum the address of a
memory operand. A 16-bit displacement is sign-extended when added.
(4)
Register Indirect with Post-Increment or Pre-Decrement—@ERn+ or @-ERn
• Register indirect with post-increment—@ERn+
The register field of the instruction code specifies an address register (ERn) the lower 24 bits
of which contains the address of a memory operand. After the operand is accessed, 1, 2, or 4 is
added to the address register contents (32 bits) and the sum is stored in the address register.
The value added is 1 for byte access, 2 for word access, or 4 for longword access. For the word
or longword access, the register value should be even.
• Register indirect with pre-decrement—@-ERn
The value 1, 2, or 4 is subtracted from an address register (ERn) specified by the register field
in the instruction code, and the lower 24 bits of the result is the address of a memory operand.
The result is also stored in the address register. The value subtracted is 1 for byte access, 2 for
word access, or 4 for longword access. For the word or longword access, the register value
should be even.
(5)
Absolute Address—@aa:8, @aa:16, @aa:24
The instruction code contains the absolute address of a memory operand. The absolute address
may be 8 bits long (@aa:8), 16 bits long (@aa:16), 24 bits long (@aa:24)
For an 8-bit absolute address, the upper 16 bits are all assumed to be 1 (H'FFFF). For a 16-bit
absolute address the upper 8 bits are a sign extension. A 24-bit absolute address can access the
entire address space.
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The access ranges of absolute addresses for the group of this LSI are those shown in table 2.11,
because the upper 8 bits are ignored.
Table 2.11 Absolute Address Access Ranges
Absolute Address
Access Range
8 bits (@aa:8)
H'FF00 to H'FFFF
16 bits (@aa:16)
H'0000 to H'FFFF
24 bits (@aa:24)
H'0000 to H'FFFF
(6)
Immediate—#xx:8, #xx:16, or #xx:32
The instruction contains 8-bit (#xx:8), 16-bit (#xx:16), or 32-bit (#xx:32) immediate data as an
operand.
The ADDS, SUBS, INC, and DEC instructions contain immediate data implicitly. Some bit
manipulation instructions contain 3-bit immediate data in the instruction code, specifying a bit
number. The TRAPA instruction contains 2-bit immediate data in its instruction code, specifying a
vector address.
(7)
Program-Counter Relative—@(d:8, PC) or @(d:16, PC)
This mode is used in the BSR instruction. An 8-bit or 16-bit displacement contained in the
instruction is sign-extended and added to the 24-bit PC contents to generate a branch address. The
PC value to which the displacement is added is the address of the first byte of the next instruction,
so the possible branching range is –126 to +128 bytes (–63 to +64 words) or –32766 to +32768
bytes (–16383 to +16384 words) from the branch instruction. The resulting value should be an
even number.
(8)
Memory Indirect—@@aa:8
This mode can be used by the JMP and JSR instructions. The instruction code contains an 8-bit
absolute address specifying a memory operand. This memory operand contains a branch address.
The memory operand is accessed by longword access. The first byte of the memory operand is
ignored, generating a 24-bit branch address. Figure 2.8 shows how to specify branch address for in
memory indirect mode. The upper bits of the absolute address are all assumed to be 0, so the
address range is 0 to 255 (H'0000 to H'00FF).
Note that the first part of the address range is also the exception vector area.
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Section 2 CPU
Specified
by @aa:8
Dummy
Branch address
Figure 2.8 Branch Address Specification in Memory Indirect Mode
2.5.2
Effective Address Calculation
Table 2.12 indicates how effective addresses are calculated in each addressing mode. In this LSI
the upper 8 bits of the effective address are ignored in order to generate a 16-bit effective address.
Table 2.12 Effective Address Calculation (1)
No
1
Addressing Mode and Instruction Format
op
2
Effective Address Calculation
Effective Address (EA)
Register direct(Rn)
rm
Operand is general register contents.
rn
Register indirect(@ERn)
0
31
23
0
23
0
23
0
23
0
General register contents
op
3
r
Register indirect with displacement
@(d:16,ERn) or @(d:24,ERn)
0
31
General register contents
op
r
disp
0
31
Sign extension
4
Register indirect with post-increment or
pre-decrement
•Register indirect with post-increment @ERn+
op
31
0
General register contents
r
•Register indirect with pre-decrement @-ERn
disp
1, 2, or 4
31
0
General register contents
op
r
1, 2, or 4
The value to be added or subtracted is 1 when the
operand is byte size, 2 for word size, and 4 for
longword size.
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Table 2.12 Effective Address Calculation (2)
No
5
Addressing Mode and Instruction Format
Effective Address Calculation
Effective Address (EA)
Absolute address
@aa:8
8 7
23
op
abs
0
H'FFFF
@aa:16
23
op
abs
16 15
0
Sign extension
@aa:24
op
0
23
abs
6
Immediate
#xx:8/#xx:16/#xx:32
op
7
Operand is immediate data.
IMM
0
23
Program-counter relative
PC contents
@(d:8,PC) @(d:16,PC)
op
disp
23
0
Sign
extension
8
disp
23
0
Memory indirect @@aa:8
8 7
23
op
abs
0
abs
H'0000
15
0
Memory contents
Legend
r, rm,rn :
op :
disp :
IMM :
abs :
Register field
Operation field
Displacement
Immediate data
Absolute address
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23
16 15
H'00
0
Section 2 CPU
2.6
Basic Bus Cycle
CPU operation is synchronized by a system clock (φ) or a subclock (φSUB). The period from a rising
edge of φ or φSUB to the next rising edge is called one state. A bus cycle consists of two states or
three states. The cycle differs depending on whether access is to on-chip memory or to on-chip
peripheral modules.
2.6.1
Access to On-Chip Memory (RAM, ROM)
Access to on-chip memory takes place in two states. The data bus width is 16 bits, allowing access
in byte or word size. Figure 2.9 shows the on-chip memory access cycle.
Bus cycle
T1 state
T2 state
ø or ø SUB
Internal address bus
Address
Internal read signal
Internal data bus
(read access)
Read data
Internal write signal
Internal data bus
(write access)
Write data
Figure 2.9 On-Chip Memory Access Cycle
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2.6.2
On-Chip Peripheral Modules
On-chip peripheral modules are accessed in two states or three states. The data bus width is 8 bits
or 16 bits depending on the register. For description on the data bus width and number of
accessing states of each register, refer to section 17.1, Register Addresses (Address Order).
Registers with 16-bit data bus width can be accessed by word size only. Registers with 8-bit data
bus width can be accessed by byte or word size. When a register with 8-bit data bus width is
accessed by word size, a bus cycle occurs twice. In two-state access, the operation timing is the
same as that for on-chip memory.
Figure 2.10 shows the operation timing in the case of three-state access to an on-chip peripheral
module.
Bus cycle
T1 state
T2 state
T3 state
ø or ø SUB
Internal
address bus
Address
Internal
read signal
Internal
data bus
(read access)
Read data
Internal
write signal
Internal
data bus
(write access)
Write data
Figure 2.10 On-Chip Peripheral Module Access Cycle (3-State Access)
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Section 2 CPU
2.7
CPU States
There are four CPU states: the reset state, program execution state, program halt state, and
exception-handling state. The program execution state includes active mode. In the program halt
state there are a sleep mode, and standby mode. These states are shown in figure 2.11. Figure 2.12
shows the state transitions. For details on program execution state and program halt state, refer to
section 6, Power-Down Modes. For details on exception processing, refer to section 3, Exception
Handling.
CPU state
Reset state
The CPU is initialized
Program
execution state
Active
(high speed) mode
The CPU executes successive program
instructions at high speed,
synchronized by the system clock
The CPU executes
successive program
instructions at reduced
speed, synchronized
by the subclock
Program halt state
A state in which some
or all of the chip
functions are stopped
to conserve power
Sleep mode
Power-down
modes
Standby mode
Exceptionhandling state
A transient state in which the CPU changes
the processing flow due to a reset or an interrupt
Figure 2.11 CPU Operation States
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Reset cleared
Reset state
Exception-handling state
Reset occurs
Reset
occurs
Reset
occurs
Interrupt
source
Program halt state
Interrupt
source
Exceptionhandling
complete
Program execution state
SLEEP instruction executed
Figure 2.12 State Transitions
2.8
Usage Notes
2.8.1
Notes on Data Access to Empty Areas
The address space of this LSI includes empty areas in addition to the ROM, RAM, and on-chip
I/O registers areas available to the user. When data is transferred from CPU to empty areas, the
transferred data will be lost. This action may also cause the CPU to malfunction. When data is
transferred from an empty area to CPU, the contents of the data cannot be guaranteed.
2.8.2
EEPMOV Instruction
EEPMOV is a block-transfer instruction and transfers the byte size of data indicated by R4L,
which starts from the address indicated by R5, to the address indicated by R6. Set R4L and R6 so
that the end address of the destination address (value of R6 + R4L) does not exceed H'FFFF (the
value of R6 must not change from H'FFFF to H'0000 during execution).
2.8.3
Bit Manipulation Instruction
The BSET, BCLR, BNOT, BST, and BIST instructions read data from the specified address in
byte units, manipulate the data of the target bit, and write data to the same address again in byte
units. Special care is required when using these instructions in cases where two registers are
assigned to the same address or when a bit is directly manipulated for a port, because this may
rewrite data of a bit other than the bit to be manipulated.
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Section 2 CPU
(1)
Bit manipulation for two registers assigned to the same address
Example: Bit manipulation for the timer load register and timer counter
(Applicable for timer B and timer C, not for the group of this LSI.)
Figure 2.13 shows an example of a timer in which two timer registers are assigned to the same
address. When a bit manipulation instruction accesses the timer load register and timer counter of
a reloadable timer, since these two registers share the same address, the following operations takes
place.
1. Data is read in byte units.
2. The CPU sets or resets the bit to be manipulated with the bit manipulation instruction.
3. The written data is written again in byte units to the timer load register.
The timer is counting, so the value read is not necessarily the same as the value in the timer load
register. As a result, bits other than the intended bit in the timer counter may be modified and the
modified value may be written to the timer load register.
Read
Count clock
Timer counter
Reload
Write
Timer load register
Internal bus
Figure 2.13 Example of Timer Configuration with Two Registers Allocated to
Same Address
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Section 2 CPU
Example 2: The BSET instruction is executed for port 5.
P57 and P56 are input pins, with a low-level signal input at P57 and a high-level signal input at
P56. P55 to P50 are output pins and output low-level signals. An example to output a high-level
signal at P50 with a BSET instruction is shown below.
• Prior to executing BSET
P57
P56
P55
P54
P53
P52
P51
P50
Input/output
Input
Input
Output
Output
Output
Output
Output
Output
Pin state
Low
level
High
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
PCR5
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
PDR5
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
• BSET instruction executed
BSET
#0,
@PDR5
The BSET instruction is executed for port 5.
• After executing BSET
P57
P56
P55
P54
P53
P52
P51
P50
Input/output
Input
Input
Output
Output
Output
Output
Output
Output
Pin state
Low
level
High
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
High
level
PCR5
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
PDR5
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
• Description on operation
1. When the BSET instruction is executed, first the CPU reads port 5.
Since P57 and P56 are input pins, the CPU reads the pin states (low-level and high-level
input).
P55 to P50 are output pins, so the CPU reads the value in PDR5. In this example PDR5 has a
value of H'80, but the value read by the CPU is H'40.
2. Next, the CPU sets bit 0 of the read data to 1, changing the PDR5 data to H'41.
3. Finally, the CPU writes H'41 to PDR5, completing execution of BSET.
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Section 2 CPU
As a result of the BSET instruction, bit 0 in PDR5 becomes 1, and P50 outputs a high-level
signal. However, bits 7 and 6 of PDR5 end up with different values. To prevent this problem,
store a copy of the PDR5 data in a work area in memory. Perform the bit manipulation on the
data in the work area, then write this data to PDR5.
• Prior to executing BSET
MOV.B
MOV.B
MOV.B
#80,
R0L,
R0L,
R0L
@RAM0
@PDR5
The PDR5 value (H'80) is written to a work area in
memory (RAM0) as well as to PDR5.
P57
P56
P55
P54
P53
P52
P51
P50
Input/output
Input
Input
Output
Output
Output
Output
Output
Output
Pin state
Low
level
High
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
PCR5
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
PDR5
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
RAM0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
• BSET instruction executed
BSET
#0,
@RAM0
The BSET instruction is executed designating the PDR5
work area (RAM0).
• After executing BSET
MOV.B
MOV.B
@RAM0, R0L
R0L, @PDR5
The work area (RAM0) value is written to PDR5.
P57
P56
P55
P54
P53
P52
P51
P50
Input/output
Input
Input
Output
Output
Output
Output
Output
Output
Pin state
Low
level
High
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
High
level
PCR5
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
PDR5
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
RAM0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
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Section 2 CPU
(2)
Bit Manipulation in a Register Containing a Write-Only Bit
Example 3: BCLR instruction executed designating port 5 control register PCR5
P57 and P56 are input pins, with a low-level signal input at P57 and a high-level signal input at
P56. P55 to P50 are output pins that output low-level signals. An example of setting the P50 pin as
an input pin by the BCLR instruction is shown below. It is assumed that a high-level signal will be
input to this input pin.
• Prior to executing BCLR
P57
P56
P55
P54
P53
P52
P51
P50
Input/output
Input
Input
Output
Output
Output
Output
Output
Output
Pin state
Low
level
High
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
PCR5
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
PDR5
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
• BCLR instruction executed
BCLR
#0,
@PCR5
The BCLR instruction is executed for PCR5.
• After executing BCLR
P57
P56
P55
P54
P53
P52
P51
P50
Input/output
Output
Output
Output
Output
Output
Output
Output
Input
Pin state
Low
level
High
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
High
level
PCR5
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
PDR5
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
• Description on operation
1. When the BCLR instruction is executed, first the CPU reads PCR5. Since PCR5 is a write-only
register, the CPU reads a value of H'FF, even though the PCR5 value is actually H'3F.
2. Next, the CPU clears bit 0 in the read data to 0, changing the data to H'FE.
3. Finally, H'FE is written to PCR5 and BCLR instruction execution ends.
As a result of this operation, bit 0 in PCR5 becomes 0, making P50 an input port. However,
bits 7 and 6 in PCR5 change to 1, so that P57 and P56 change from input pins to output pins.
To prevent this problem, store a copy of the PCR5 data in a work area in memory and
manipulate data of the bit in the work area, then write this data to PCR5.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 42 of 354
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Section 2 CPU
• Prior to executing BCLR
MOV.B
MOV.B
MOV.B
#3F,
R0L,
R0L,
R0L
@RAM0
@PCR5
The PCR5 value (H'3F) is written to a work area in
memory (RAM0) as well as to PCR5.
P57
P56
P55
P54
P53
P52
P51
P50
Input/output
Input
Input
Output
Output
Output
Output
Output
Output
Pin state
Low
level
High
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
PCR5
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
PDR5
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
RAM0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
• BCLR instruction executed
BCLR
#0,
@RAM0
The BCLR instructions executed for the PCR5 work area
(RAM0).
• After executing BCLR
MOV.B
MOV.B
@RAM0, R0L
R0L, @PCR5
The work area (RAM0) value is written to PCR5.
P57
P56
P55
P54
P53
P52
P51
P50
Input/output
Input
Input
Output
Output
Output
Output
Output
Output
Pin state
Low
level
High
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
Low
level
High
level
PCR5
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
PDR5
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
RAM0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
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Section 2 CPU
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Section 3 Exception Handling
Section 3 Exception Handling
Exception handling may be caused by a reset, a trap instruction (TRAPA), or interrupts.
• Reset
A reset has the highest exception priority. Exception handling starts as soon as the reset is cleared
by the RES pin. The chip is also reset when the watchdog timer overflows, and exception handling
starts. Exception handling is the same as exception handling by the RES pin.
• Trap Instruction
Exception handling starts when a trap instruction (TRAPA) is executed. The TRAPA instruction
generates a vector address corresponding to a vector number from 0 to 3, as specified in the
instruction code. Exception handling can be executed at all times in the program execution state.
• Interrupts
External interrupts other than NMI and internal interrupts other than address break are masked by
the I bit in CCR, and kept masked while the I bit is set to 1. Exception handling starts when the
current instruction or exception handling ends, if an interrupt request has been issued.
3.1
Exception Sources and Vector Address
Table 3.1 shows the vector addresses and priority of each exception handling. When more than
one interrupt is requested, handling is performed from the interrupt with the highest priority.
Table 3.1
Exception Sources and Vector Address
Relative Module
Exception Sources
Vector Number Vector Address
Priority
RES pin
Watchdog timer
Reset
0
H'0000 to H'0001
High

Reserved for system use
1 to 6
H'0002 to H'000D
External interrupt
pin
NMI
7
H'000E to H'000F
CPU
Trap instruction (#0)
8
H'0010 to H'0011
(#1)
9
H'0012 to H'0013
(#2)
10
H'0014 to H'0015
(#3)
11
H'0016 to H'0017
12
H'0018 to H'0019
Address break
Break conditions satisfied
Low
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 45 of 354
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Section 3 Exception Handling
Relative Module
Exception Sources
Vector Number Vector Address
Priority
CPU
Direct transition by executing
the SLEEP instruction
13
H'001A to H'001B High
External interrupt
pin
IRQ0
Low-voltage detection
interrupt*1
14
H'001C to H'001D
IRQ3
17
H'0022 to H'0023
WKP
18
H'0024 to H'0025

Reserved for system use
20
H’0028 to H’0029
Timer W
Timer W input capture A
/compare match A
Timer W input capture B
/compare match B
Timer W input capture C
/compare match C
Timer W input capture D
/compare match D
Timer W overflow
21
H’002A to H’002B
Timer V
Timer V compare match A
Timer V compare match B
Timer V overflow
22
H'002C to H'002D
SCI3
SCI3 receive data full
SCI3 transmit data empty
SCI3 transmit end
SCI3 receive error
23
H'002E to H'002F
A/D converter
A/D conversion end
25
H'0032 to H'0033
SCI3_2
SCI3_2 receive data full
SCI3_2 transmit data empty
SCI3_2 transmit end
SCI3_2 receive error
32
H'0040 to H'0041
SCI3_3*2
SCI3_3 receive data full
SCI3_3 transmit data empty
SCI3_3 transmit end
SCI3_3 receive error
34
H'0044 to H'0045
Low
Notes: 1. A low-voltage detection interrupt is enabled only in the product with an on-chip poweron reset and low-voltage detection circuit.
2. The SCI3_3 function is incorporated in the H8/36024.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 46 of 354
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Section 3 Exception Handling
3.2
Register Descriptions
Interrupts are controlled by the following registers.
•
•
•
•
•
Interrupt edge select register 1 (IEGR1)
Interrupt edge select register 2 (IEGR2)
Interrupt enable register 1 (IENR1)
Interrupt flag register 1 (IRR1)
Wakeup interrupt flag register (IWPR)
3.2.1
Interrupt Edge Select Register 1 (IEGR1)
IEGR1 selects the direction of an edge that generates interrupt requests of pins and IRQ3 and
IRQ0.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7

0
−
Reserved
This bit is always read as 0.
6 to 4

All 1

Reserved
These bits are always read as 1.
3
IEG3
0
R/W
IRQ3 Edge Select
0: Falling edge of IRQ3 pin input is detected
1: Rising edge of IRQ3 pin input is detected
2, 1

All 0

Reserved
These bits are always read as 0.
0
IEG0
0
R/W
IRQ0 Edge Select
0: Falling edge of IRQ0 pin input is detected
1: Rising edge of IRQ0 pin input is detected
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Section 3 Exception Handling
3.2.2
Interrupt Edge Select Register 2 (IEGR2)
IEGR2 selects the direction of an edge that generates interrupt requests of the pins ADTRG and
WKP5 to WKP0.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7, 6

All 1

Reserved
5
WPEG5
0
R/W
WKP5 Edge Select
These bits are always read as 1.
0: Falling edge of WKP5 (ADTRG) pin input is detected
1: Rising edge of WKP5 (ADTRG) pin input is detected
4
WPEG4
0
R/W
WKP4 Edge Select
0: Falling edge of WKP4 pin input is detected
1: Rising edge of WKP4 pin input is detected
3
WPEG3
0
R/W
WKP3 Edge Select
0: Falling edge of WKP3 pin input is detected
1: Rising edge of WKP3 pin input is detected
2
WPEG2
0
R/W
WKP2 Edge Select
0: Falling edge of WKP2 pin input is detected
1: Rising edge of WKP2 pin input is detected
1
WPEG1
0
R/W
WKP1Edge Select
0: Falling edge of WKP1 pin input is detected
1: Rising edge of WKP1 pin input is detected
0
WPEG0
0
R/W
WKP0 Edge Select
0: Falling edge of WKP0 pin input is detected
1: Rising edge of WKP0 pin input is detected
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Section 3 Exception Handling
3.2.3
Interrupt Enable Register 1 (IENR1)
IENR1 enables direct transition interrupts, and external pin interrupts.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
IENDT
0
R/W
Direct Transfer Interrupt Enable
When this bit is set to 1, direct transition interrupt
requests are enabled.
6

0

Reserved
This bit is always read as 0.
5
IENWP
0
R/W
Wakeup Interrupt Enable
This bit is an enable bit, which is common to the pins
WKP5 to WKP0. When the bit is set to 1, interrupt
requests are enabled.
4

1

Reserved
This bit is always read as 1.
3
IEN3
0
R/W
IRQ3 Interrupt Enable
When this bit is set to 1, interrupt requests of the IRQ3 pin
are enabled.
2, 1

All 0

Reserved
These bits are always read as 0.
0
IEN0
0
R/W
IRQ0 Interrupt Enable
When this bit is set to 1, interrupt requests of the IRQ0 pin
are enabled.
When disabling interrupts by clearing bits in an interrupt enable register, or when clearing bits in
an interrupt flag register, always do so while interrupts are masked (I = 1). If the above clear
operations are performed while I = 0, and as a result a conflict arises between the clear instruction
and an interrupt request, exception handling for the interrupt will be executed after the clear
instruction has been executed.
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Section 3 Exception Handling
3.2.4
Interrupt Flag Register 1 (IRR1)
IRR1 is a status flag register for direct transition interrupts, and IRQ3 and IRQ0 interrupt requests.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
IRRDT
0
R/W
Direct Transfer Interrupt Request Flag
[Setting condition]
When a direct transfer is made by executing a SLEEP
instruction while DTON in SYSCR2 is set to 1.
[Clearing condition]
When IRRDT is cleared by writing 0
6

0

Reserved
This bit is always read as 0.
5, 4

All 1

3
IRRI3
0
R/W
Reserved
These bits are always read as 1.
IRQ3 Interrupt Request Flag
[Setting condition]
When IRQ3 pin is designated for interrupt input and the
designated signal edge is detected.
[Clearing condition]
When IRRI3 is cleared by writing 0
2, 1

All 0

Reserved
These bits are always read as 0.
0
IRRl0
0
R/W
IRQ0 Interrupt Request Flag
[Setting condition]
When IRQ0 pin is designated for interrupt input and the
designated signal edge is detected.
[Clearing condition]
When IRRI0 is cleared by writing 0
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Section 3 Exception Handling
3.2.5
Wakeup Interrupt Flag Register (IWPR)
IWPR is a status flag register for WKP5 to WKP0 interrupt requests.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7, 6

All 1

Reserved
These bits are always read as 1.
5
IWPF5
0
R/W
WKP5 Interrupt Request Flag
[Setting condition]
When WKP5 pin is designated for interrupt input and the
designated signal edge is detected.
[Clearing condition]
When IWPF5 is cleared by writing 0.
4
IWPF4
0
R/W
WKP4 Interrupt Request Flag
[Setting condition]
When WKP4 pin is designated for interrupt input and the
designated signal edge is detected.
[Clearing condition]
When IWPF4 is cleared by writing 0.
3
IWPF3
0
R/W
WKP3 Interrupt Request Flag
[Setting condition]
When WKP3 pin is designated for interrupt input and the
designated signal edge is detected.
[Clearing condition]
When IWPF3 is cleared by writing 0.
2
IWPF2
0
R/W
WKP2 Interrupt Request Flag
[Setting condition]
When WKP2 pin is designated for interrupt input and the
designated signal edge is detected.
[Clearing condition]
When IWPF2 is cleared by writing 0.
1
IWPF1
0
R/W
WKP1 Interrupt Request Flag
[Setting condition]
When WKP1 pin is designated for interrupt input and the
designated signal edge is detected.
[Clearing condition]
When IWPF1 is cleared by writing 0.
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Section 3 Exception Handling
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
0
IWPF0
0
R/W
WKP0 Interrupt Request Flag
[Setting condition]
When WKP0 pin is designated for interrupt input and the
designated signal edge is detected.
[Clearing condition]
When IWPF0 is cleared by writing 0.
3.3
Reset Exception Handling
When the RES pin goes low, all processing halts and this LSI enters the reset. The internal state of
the CPU and the registers of the on-chip peripheral modules are initialized by the reset. To ensure
that this LSI is reset at power-up, hold the RES pin low until the clock pulse generator output
stabilizes. To reset the chip during operation, hold the RES pin low for at least 10 system clock
cycles. When the RES pin goes high after being held low for the necessary time, this LSI starts
reset exception handling. The reset exception handling sequence is shown in figure 3.1.
The reset exception handling sequence is as follows. However, for the reset exception handling
sequence of the product with on-chip power-on reset circuit, refer to section 15, Power-On Reset
and Low-Voltage Detection Circuits (Optional).
1. Set the I bit in the condition code register (CCR) to 1.
2. The CPU generates a reset exception handling vector address (from H'0000 to H'0001), the
data in that address is sent to the program counter (PC) as the start address, and program
execution starts from that address.
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Section 3 Exception Handling
3.4
Interrupt Exception Handling
3.4.1
External Interrupts
There are external interrupts, NMI, IRQ3, IRQ0, and WKP.
(1)
NMI
NMI interrupt is requested by input falling edge to pin NMI.
NMI is the highest interrupt, and can always be accepted without depending on the I bit value in
CCR.
(2)
IRQ3 to IRQ0 Interrupts
IRQ3 to IRQ0 interrupts are requested by input signals to pins IRQ3 to IRQ0. These four
interrupts are given different vector addresses, and are detected individually by either rising edge
sensing or falling edge sensing, depending on the settings of bits IEG3 to IEG0 in IEGR1.
When pins IRQ3 to IRQ0 are designated for interrupt input in PMR1 and the designated signal
edge is input, the corresponding bit in IRR1 is set to 1, requesting the CPU of an interrupt. When
IRQ3 to IRQ0 interrupt is accepted, the I bit is set to 1 in CCR. These interrupts can be masked by
setting bits IEN3 to IEN0 in IENR1.
(3)
WKP5 to WKP0 Interrupts
WKP5 to WKP0 interrupts are requested by input signals to pins WKP5 to WKP0. These six
interrupts have the same vector addresses, and are detected individually by either rising edge
sensing or falling edge sensing, depending on the settings of bits WPEG5 to WPEG0 in IEGR2.
When pins WKP5 to WKP0 are designated for interrupt input in PMR5 and the designated signal
edge is input, the corresponding bit in IWPR is set to 1, requesting the CPU of an interrupt. These
interrupts can be masked by setting bit IENWP in IENR1.
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Section 3 Exception Handling
Reset cleared
Initial program
instruction prefetch
Vector fetch Internal
processing
RES
ø
Internal
address bus
(1)
(2)
Internal read
signal
Internal write
signal
Internal data
bus (16 bits)
(2)
(3)
(1) Reset exception handling vector address (H'0000)
(2) Program start address
(3) Initial program instruction
Figure 3.1 Reset Sequence
3.4.2
Internal Interrupts
Each on-chip peripheral module has a flag to show the interrupt request status and the enable bit to
enable or disable the interrupt. For direct transfer interrupt requests generated by execution of a
SLEEP instruction, this function is included in IRR1 and IENR1.
When an on-chip peripheral module requests an interrupt, the corresponding interrupt request
status flag is set to 1, requesting the CPU of an interrupt. When this interrupt is accepted, the I bit
is set to 1 in CCR. These interrupts can be masked by writing 0 to clear the corresponding enable
bit.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 54 of 354
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Section 3 Exception Handling
3.4.3
Interrupt Handling Sequence
Interrupts are controlled by an interrupt controller.
Interrupt operation is described as follows.
1. If an interrupt occurs while the NMI or interrupt enable bit is set to 1, an interrupt request
signal is sent to the interrupt controller.
2. When multiple interrupt requests are generated, the interrupt controller requests to the CPU for
the interrupt handling with the highest priority at that time according to table 3.1. Other
interrupt requests are held pending.
3. The CPU accepts the NMI or address break without depending on the I bit value. Other
interrupt requests are accepted, if the I bit is cleared to 0 in CCR; if the I bit is set to 1, the
interrupt request is held pending.
4. If the CPU accepts the interrupt after processing of the current instruction is completed,
interrupt exception handling will begin. First, both PC and CCR are pushed onto the stack. The
state of the stack at this time is shown in figure 3.2. The PC value pushed onto the stack is the
address of the first instruction to be executed upon return from interrupt handling.
5. Then, the I bit of CCR is set to 1, masking further interrupts excluding the NMI and address
break. Upon return from interrupt handling, the values of I bit and other bits in CCR will be
restored and returned to the values prior to the start of interrupt exception handling.
6. Next, the CPU generates the vector address corresponding to the accepted interrupt, and
transfers the address to PC as a start address of the interrupt handling-routine. Then a program
starts executing from the address indicated in PC.
Figure 3.3 shows a typical interrupt sequence where the program area is in the on-chip ROM and
the stack area is in the on-chip RAM.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 55 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 3 Exception Handling
SP – 4
SP (R7)
CCR
SP – 3
SP + 1
CCR*3
SP – 2
SP + 2
PCH
SP – 1
SP + 3
PCL
SP (R7)
SP + 4
Even address
Stack area
Prior to start of interrupt
exception handling
PC and CCR
saved to stack
After completion of interrupt
exception handling
Legend:
PCH : Upper 8 bits of program counter (PC)
PCL : Lower 8 bits of program counter (PC)
CCR: Condition code register
SP: Stack pointer
Notes: 1. PC shows the address of the first instruction to be executed upon return from the interrupt
handling routine.
2. Register contents must always be saved and restored by word length, starting from
an even-numbered address.
3. Ignored when returning from the interrupt handling routine.
Figure 3.2 Stack Status after Exception Handling
3.4.4
Interrupt Response Time
Table 3.2 shows the number of wait states after an interrupt request flag is set until the first
instruction of the interrupt handling-routine is executed.
Table 3.2
Interrupt Wait States
Item
States
Total
Waiting time for completion of executing instruction*
1 to 23
15 to 37
Saving of PC and CCR to stack
4
Vector fetch
2
Instruction fetch
4
Internal processing
4
Note:
*
Not including EEPMOV instruction.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 56 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
(2)
(1)
(4)
Instruction
prefetch
(3)
Internal
processing
(5)
(1)
Stack access
(6)
(7)
(9)
Vector fetch
(8)
(1) Instruction prefetch address (Instruction is not executed. Address is saved as PC contents, becoming return address.)
(2)(4) Instruction code (not executed)
(3) Instruction prefetch address (Instruction is not executed.)
(5) SP – 2
(6) SP – 4
(7) CCR
(8) Vector address
(9) Starting address of interrupt-handling routine (contents of vector)
(10) First instruction of interrupt-handling routine
Internal data bus
(16 bits)
Internal write
signal
Internal read
signal
Internal
address bus
ø
Interrupt
request signal
Interrupt level
decision and wait for
end of instruction
Interrupt is
accepted
(10)
(9)
Prefetch instruction of
Internal
interrupt-handling routine
processing
Section 3 Exception Handling
Figure 3.3 Interrupt Sequence
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 57 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 3 Exception Handling
3.5
Usage Notes
3.5.1
Interrupts after Reset
If an interrupt is accepted after a reset and before the stack pointer (SP) is initialized, the PC and
CCR will not be saved correctly, leading to a program crash. To prevent this, all interrupt requests,
including NMI, are disabled immediately after a reset. Since the first instruction of a program is
always executed immediately after the reset state ends, make sure that this instruction initializes
the stack pointer (example: MOV.W #xx: 16, SP).
3.5.2
Notes on Stack Area Use
When word data is accessed, the least significant bit of the address is regarded as 0. Access to the
stack always takes place in word size, so the stack pointer (SP: R7) should never indicate an odd
address. Use PUSH Rn (MOV.W Rn, @–SP) or POP Rn (MOV.W @SP+, Rn) to save or restore
register values.
3.5.3
Notes on Rewriting Port Mode Registers
When a port mode register is rewritten to switch the functions of external interrupt pins, IRQ3,
IRQ0, and WKP5 to WKP0, the interrupt request flag may be set to 1.
Figure 3.4 shows a port mode register setting and interrupt request flag clearing procedure.
When switching a pin function, mask the interrupt before setting the bit in the port mode register.
After accessing the port mode register, execute at least one instruction (e.g., NOP), then clear the
interrupt request flag from 1 to 0.
CCR I bit ← 1
Interrupts masked. (Another possibility
is to disable the relevant interrupt in
interrupt enable register 1.)
Set port mode register bit
Execute NOP instruction
After setting the port mode register bit,
first execute at least one instruction
(e.g., NOP), then clear the interrupt
request flag to 0
Clear interrupt request flag to 0
CCR I bit ← 0
Interrupt mask cleared
Figure 3.4 Port Mode Register Setting and Interrupt Request Flag Clearing Procedure
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Section 4 Address Break
Section 4 Address Break
The address break simplifies on-board program debugging. It requests an address break interrupt
when the set break condition is satisfied. The interrupt request is not affected by the I bit of CCR.
Break conditions that can be set include instruction execution at a specific address and a
combination of access and data at a specific address. With the address break function, the
execution start point of a program containing a bug is detected and execution is branched to the
correcting program. Figure 4.1 shows a block diagram of the address break.
Internal address bus
Comparator
BARL
ABRKCR
Interrupt
generation
control circuit
ABRKSR
BDRH
Internal data bus
BARH
BDRL
Comparator
Interrupt
Legend:
BARH, BARL:
BDRH, BDRL:
ABRKCR:
ABRKSR:
Break address register
Break data register
Address break control register
Address break status register
Figure 4.1 Block Diagram of Address Break
4.1
Register Descriptions
Address break has the following registers.
• Address break control register (ABRKCR)
• Address break status register (ABRKSR)
• Break address register (BARH, BARL)
ABK0001A_000020020200
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Section 4 Address Break
• Break data register (BDRH, BDRL)
4.1.1
Address Break Control Register (ABRKCR)
ABRKCR sets address break conditions.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
RTINTE
1
R/W
RTE Interrupt Enable
When this bit is 0, the interrupt immediately after
executing RTE is masked and then one instruction must
be executed. When this bit is 1, the interrupt is not
masked.
6
CSEL1
0
R/W
Condition Select 1 and 0
5
CSEL0
0
R/W
These bits set address break conditions.
00: Instruction execution cycle
01: CPU data read cycle
10: CPU data write cycle
11: CPU data read/write cycle
4
ACMP2
0
R/W
Address Compare Condition Select 2 to 0
3
ACMP1
0
R/W
2
ACMP0
0
R/W
These bits comparison condition between the address set
in BAR and the internal address bus.
000: Compares 16-bit addresses
001: Compares upper 12-bit addresses
010: Compares upper 8-bit addresses
011: Compares upper 4-bit addresses
1XX: Reserved (setting prohibited)
1
DCMP1
0
R/W
Data Compare Condition Select 1 and 0
0
DCMP0
0
R/W
These bits set the comparison condition between the data
set in BDR and the internal data bus.
00: No data comparison
01: Compares lower 8-bit data between BDRL and data
bus
10: Compares upper 8-bit data between BDRH and data
bus
11: Compares 16-bit data between BDR and data bus
Legend: X: Don't care.
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Section 4 Address Break
When an address break is set in the data read cycle or data write cycle, the data bus used will
depend on the combination of the byte/word access and address. Table 4.1 shows the access and
data bus used. When an I/O register space with an 8-bit data bus width is accessed in word size, a
byte access is generated twice. For details on data widths of each register, see section 17.1,
Register Addresses (Address Order).
Table 4.1
Access and Data Bus Used
Word Access
Byte Access
Even Address Odd Address
Even Address Odd Address
ROM space
Upper 8 bits
Lower 8 bits
Upper 8 bits
Upper 8 bits
RAM space
Upper 8 bits
Lower 8 bits
Upper 8 bits
Upper 8 bits
I/O register with 8-bit data bus Upper 8 bits
width
Upper 8 bits
Upper 8 bits
Upper 8 bits
I/O register with 16-bit data
bus width
Lower 8 bits
—
—
4.1.2
Upper 8 bits
Address Break Status Register (ABRKSR)
ABRKSR consists of the address break interrupt flag and the address break interrupt enable bit.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
ABIF
0
R/W
Address Break Interrupt Flag
[Setting condition]
When the condition set in ABRKCR is satisfied
[Clearing condition]
When 0 is written after ABIF=1 is read
6
ABIE
0
R/W
Address Break Interrupt Enable
When this bit is 1, an address break interrupt request is
enabled.
5 to 0
—
All 1
—
Reserved
These bits are always read as 1.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 61 of 354
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Section 4 Address Break
4.1.3
Break Address Registers (BARH, BARL)
BARH and BARL are 16-bit read/write registers that set the address for generating an address
break interrupt. When setting the address break condition to the instruction execution cycle, set
the first byte address of the instruction. The initial value of this register is H'FFFF.
4.1.4
Break Data Registers (BDRH, BDRL)
BDRH and BDRL are 16-bit read/write registers that set the data for generating an address break
interrupt. BDRH is compared with the upper 8-bit data bus. BDRL is compared with the lower 8bit data bus. When memory or registers are accessed by byte, the upper 8-bit data bus is used for
even and odd addresses in the data transmission. Therefore, comparison data must be set in
BDRH for byte access. For word access, the data bus used depends on the address. See section
4.1.1, Address Break Control Register (ABRKCR), for details. The initial value of this register is
undefined.
4.2
Operation
When the ABIF and ABIE bits in ABRKSR are set to 1, the address break function generates an
interrupt request to the CPU. The ABIF bit in ABRKSR is set to 1 by the combination of the
address set in BAR, the data set in BDR, and the conditions set in ABRKCR. When the interrupt
request is accepted, interrupt exception handling starts after the instruction being executed ends.
The address break interrupt is not masked because of the I bit in CCR of the CPU.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 62 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 4 Address Break
Figures 4.2 show the operation examples of the address break interrupt setting.
When the address break is specified in instruction execution cycle
Register setting
• ABRKCR = H'80
• BAR = H'025A
Program
0258
* 025A
025C
0260
0262
:
NOP
NOP
MOV.W @H'025A,R0
NOP
NOP
:
Underline indicates the address
to be stacked.
NOP
MOV
MOV
NOP
instruc- instruc- instruc- instruction
tion 1
tion 2
Internal
tion
prefetch prefetch prefetch prefetch processing
Stack save
φ
Address
bus
0258
025A
025C
025E
SP-2
SP-4
Interrupt
request
Interrupt acceptance
Figure 4.2 Address Break Interrupt Operation Example (1)
When the address break is specified in the data read cycle
Register setting
• ABRKCR = H'A0
• BAR = H'025A
Program
0258
025A
* 025C
0260
0262
:
NOP
NOP
MOV.W @H'025A,R0
NOP
Underline indicates the address
NOP
to be stacked.
:
MOV
NOP
MOV
NOP
Next
MOV
instruc- instruc- instruc- instruc- instruc- instrution 2
tion
tion
tion
ction
Internal Stack
tion 1
prefetch prefetch prefetch execution prefetch prefetch processing save
φ
Address
bus
025C
025E
0260
025A
0262
0264
SP-2
Interrupt
request
Interrupt acceptance
Figure 4.2 Address Break Interrupt Operation Example (2)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 63 of 354
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Section 4 Address Break
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 64 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 5 Clock Pulse Generators
Section 5 Clock Pulse Generators
Clock oscillator circuitry (CPG: clock pulse generator) is provided on-chip, including a system
clock pulse generator. The system clock pulse generator consists of a system clock oscillator, a
duty correction circuit, and system clock dividers.
Figure 5.1 shows a block diagram of the clock pulse generators.
System
clock
oscillator
OSC1
OSC2
φOSC
(fOSC)
Duty
correction
circuit
φOSC
(fOSC)
System
clock
divider
φOSC
φOSC/8
φOSC/16
φOSC/32
φOSC/64
System clock pulse generator
φ
Prescaler S
(13 bits)
φ/2
to
φ/8192
Figure 5.1 Block Diagram of Clock Pulse Generators
The basic clock signals that drive the CPU and on-chip peripheral modules are system clocks (φ).
The system clock is divided into φ/8192 to φ/2 by prescaler S and they are supplied to respective
peripheral modules.
5.1
System Clock Generator
Clock pulses can be supplied to the system clock divider either by connecting a crystal or ceramic
resonator, or by providing external clock input. Figure 5.2 shows a block diagram of the system
clock generator.
OSC 2
LPM
OSC 1
LPM: Low-power mode (standby mode, subsleep mode)
Figure 5.2 Block Diagram of System Clock Generator
CPG0200A_000020020200
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 65 of 354
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Section 5 Clock Pulse Generators
5.1.1
Connecting Crystal Resonator
Figure 5.3 shows a typical method of connecting a crystal resonator. An AT-cut parallel-resonance
crystal resonator should be used. Figure 5.4 shows the equivalent circuit of a crystal resonator. A
resonator having the characteristics given in table 5.1 should be used.
C1
OSC 1
OSC 2
C2
C1 = C 2 = 12 pF ±20%
Figure 5.3 Typical Connection to Crystal Resonator
LS
RS
CS
OSC 1
OSC 2
C0
Figure 5.4 Equivalent Circuit of Crystal Resonator
Table 5.1
Crystal Resonator Parameters
Frequency (MHz)
2
RS (max)
500 Ω
120 Ω
80 Ω
60 Ω
50 Ω
40 Ω
C0 (max)
7 pF
7 pF
7 pF
7 pF
7 pF
7 pF
5.1.2
4
8
10
16
Connecting Ceramic Resonator
Figure 5.5 shows a typical method of connecting a ceramic resonator.
C1
OSC1
C2
OSC2
C1 = 30 pF ±10%
C2 = 30 pF ±10%
Figure 5.5 Typical Connection to Ceramic Resonator
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 66 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
20
Section 5 Clock Pulse Generators
5.1.3
External Clock Input Method
Connect an external clock signal to pin OSC1, and leave pin OSC2 open. Figure 5.6 shows a typical
connection. The duty cycle of the external clock signal must be 45 to 55%.
OSC1
OSC 2
External clock input
Open
Figure 5.6 Example of External Clock Input
5.2
Prescalers
5.2.1
Prescaler S
Prescaler S is a 13-bit counter using the system clock (φ) as its input clock. It is incremented once
per clock period. Prescaler S is initialized to H'0000 by a reset, and starts counting on exit from
the reset state. In standby mode and subsleep mode, the system clock pulse generator stops.
Prescaler S also stops and is initialized to H'0000. The CPU cannot read or write prescaler S.
The output from prescaler S is shared by the on-chip peripheral modules. The divider ratio can be
set separately for each on-chip peripheral function. In active mode and sleep mode, the clock input
to prescaler S is determined by the division factor designated by MA2 to MA0 in SYSCR2.
5.3
Usage Notes
5.3.1
Note on Resonators
Resonator characteristics are closely related to board design and should be carefully evaluated by
the user, referring to the examples shown in this section. Resonator circuit constants will differ
depending on the resonator element, stray capacitance in its interconnecting circuit, and other
factors. Suitable constants should be determined in consultation with the resonator element
manufacturer. Design the circuit so that the resonator element never receives voltages exceeding
its maximum rating.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 67 of 354
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Section 5 Clock Pulse Generators
5.3.2
Notes on Board Design
When using a crystal resonator (ceramic resonator), place the resonator and its load capacitors as
close as possible to the OSC1 and OSC2 pins. Other signal lines should be routed away from the
oscillator circuit to prevent induction from interfering with correct oscillation (see figure 5.7).
Signal A
Avoid
Signal B
C1
OSC1
C2
OSC2
Figure 5.7 Example of Incorrect Board Design
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 68 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 6 Power-Down Modes
Section 6 Power-Down Modes
This LSI has five modes of operation after a reset. These include a normal active mode and three
power-down modes, in which power consumption is significantly reduced. Module standby mode
reduces power consumption by selectively halting on-chip module functions.
• Active mode
The CPU and all on-chip peripheral modules are operable on the system clock. The system
clock frequency can be selected from φosc, φosc/8, φosc/16, φosc/32, and φosc/64.
• Sleep mode
The CPU halts. On-chip peripheral modules are operable on the system clock.
• Standby mode
The CPU and all on-chip peripheral modules halt.
• Subsleep mode
The CPU and all on-chip peripheral modules halt. I/O ports keep the same states as before the
transition.
• Module standby mode
Independent of the above modes, power consumption can be reduced by halting on-chip
peripheral modules that are not used in module units.
6.1
Register Descriptions
The registers related to power-down modes are listed below.
•
•
•
•
System control register 1 (SYSCR1)
System control register 2 (SYSCR2)
Module standby control register 1 (MSTCR1)
Module standby control register 2 (MSTCR2)
LPW3003A_000020020200
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 69 of 354
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Section 6 Power-Down Modes
6.1.1
System Control Register 1 (SYSCR1)
SYSCR1 controls the power-down modes, as well as SYSCR2.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
SSBY
0
R/W
Software Standby
This bit selects the mode to transit after the execution of
the SLEEP instruction.
0: a transition is made to sleep mode
1: a transition is made to standby mode.
For details, see table 6.2.
6
STS2
0
R/W
Standby Timer Select 2 to 0
5
STS1
0
R/W
4
STS0
0
R/W
These bits designate the time the CPU and peripheral
modules wait for stable clock operation after exiting from
standby mode, to active mode or sleep mode due to an
interrupt. The designation should be made according to
the clock frequency so that the waiting time is at least 6.5
ms. The relationship between the specified value and the
number of wait states is shown in table 6.1. When an
external clock is to be used, the minimum value (STS2 =
STS1 = STS0 =1) is recommended.
3 to 0

All 0

Reserved
These bits are always read as 0.
Table 6.1
Operating Frequency and Waiting Time
Bit Name
Operating Frequency
STS2 STS1 STS0 Waiting Time
0
0
1
1
0
1
20 MHz 16 MHz
10 MHz 8 MHz 4 MHz 2 MHz 1 MHz 0.5 MHz
0
8,192 states
0.4
0.5
0.8
1.0
2.0
4.1
8.1
16.4
1
16,384 states
0.8
1.0
1.6
2.0
4.1
8.2
16.4
32.8
0
32,768 states
1.6
2.0
3.3
4.1
8.2
16.4
32.8
65.5
1
65,536 states
3.3
4.1
6.6
8.2
16.4
32.8
65.5
131.1
0
131,072 states
6.6
8.2
13.1
16.4
32.8
65.5
131.1 262.1
1
1,024 states
0.05
0.06
0.10
0.13
0.26
0.51
1.02
2.05
0
128 states
0.00
0.00
0.01
0.02
0.03
0.06
0.13
0.26
1
16 states
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.01
0.02
0.03
Note: Time unit is ms.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 70 of 354
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Section 6 Power-Down Modes
6.1.2
System Control Register 2 (SYSCR2)
SYSCR2 controls the power-down modes, as well as SYSCR1.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
SMSEL
0
R/W
Sleep Mode Selection
This bit selects the mode to transit after the execution of
a SLEEP instruction, as well as bit SSBY of SYSCR1.
For details, see table 6.2.
6

0

Reserved
This bit is always read as 0.
5
DTON
0
R/W
Direct Transfer on Flag
This bit selects the mode to transit after the execution of
a SLEEP instruction, as well as bit SSBY of SYSCR1.
For details, see table 6.2.
4
MA2
0
R/W
Active Mode Clock Select 2 to 0
3
MA1
0
R/W
2
MA0
0
R/W
These bits select the operating clock frequency in active
and sleep modes. The operating clock frequency
changes to the set frequency after the SLEEP instruction
is executed.
0XX: φOSC
100: φOSC/8
101: φOSC/16
110: φOSC/32
111: φOSC/64
1, 0

All 0

Reserved
These bits are always read as 0.
Legend: X : Don't care.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 71 of 354
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Section 6 Power-Down Modes
6.1.3
Module Standby Control Register 1 (MSTCR1)
MSTCR1 allows the on-chip peripheral modules to enter a standby state in module units.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7, 6

All 0

Reserved
These bits are always read as 0.
5
MSTS3
0
R/W
SCI3 Module Standby
SCI3 enters standby mode when this bit is set to 1.
4
MSTAD
0
R/W
A/D Converter Module Standby
A/D converter enters standby mode when this bit is set to
1.
3
MSTWD
0
R/W
Watchdog Timer Module Standby
Watchdog timer enters standby mode when this bit is set
to 1.When the internal oscillator is selected for the
watchdog timer clock, the watchdog timer operates
regardless of the setting of this bit.
2
MSTTW
0
R/W
Timer W Module Standby
Timer W enters standby mode when this bit is set to 1.
1
MSTTV
0
R/W
Timer V Module Standby
Timer V enters standby mode when this bit is set to 1.
0

0

Reserved
This bit is always read as 0.
6.1.4
Module Standby Control Register 2 (MSTCR2)
MSTCR2 allows the on-chip peripheral modules to enter a standby state in module units.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
MSTS3_2
0
R/W
SCI3_2 Module Standby
SCI3_2 enters standby mode when this bit is set to1.
6 to 0

All 0

Reserved
These bits are always read as 0.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 72 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 6 Power-Down Modes
6.2
Mode Transitions and States of LSI
Figure 6.1 shows the possible transitions among these operating modes. A transition is made from
the program execution state to the program halt state of the program by executing a SLEEP
instruction. Interrupts allow for returning from the program halt state to the program execution
state of the program. A direct transition from active mode to active mode changes the operating
frequency. RES input enables transitions from a mode to the reset state. Table 6.2 shows the
transition conditions of each mode after the SLEEP instruction is executed and a mode to return
by an interrupt. Table 6.3 shows the internal states of the LSI in each mode.
Reset state
Program halt state
Program execution state
SLEEP
instruction
Direct transition
interrupt
SLEEP
instruction
Sleep mode
Active mode
Standby mode
Interrupt
Program halt state
Interrupt
SLEEP
instruction
Interrupt
Subsleep mode
Notes: 1. To make a transition to another mode by an interrupt, make sure interrupt handling is after the interrupt
is accepted.
2. Details on the mode transition conditions are given in table 6.2.
Figure 6.1 Mode Transition Diagram
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 73 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 6 Power-Down Modes
Table 6.2
Transition Mode after SLEEP Instruction Execution and Interrupt Handling
DTON
SSBY
SMSEL
Transition Mode after SLEEP Transition Mode due to
Instruction Execution
Interrupt
0
0
0
Sleep mode
Active mode
0
1
Subsleep mode
Active mode
1
X
Standby mode
Active mode
X
0*
Active mode (direct transition)
—
1
Legend:
*
Table 6.3
X: Don’t care.
When a state transition is performed while SMSEL is 1, timer V, SCI3, SCI3_2, SCI3_3
(only for the H8/36024) and the A/D converter are reset, and all registers are set to their
initial values. To use these functions after entering active mode, reset the registers.
Internal State in Each Operating Mode
Function
Active Mode
Sleep Mode
Subsleep Mode
Standby Mode
System clock oscillator
Functioning
Functioning
Halted
Halted
CPU
operations
Instructions
Functioning
Halted
Halted
Halted
Registers
Functioning
Retained
Retained
Retained
RAM
Functioning
Retained
Retained
Retained
IO ports
Functioning
Retained
Retained
Register contents are
retained, but output is the
high-impedance state.
IRQ3, IRQ0
Functioning
Functioning
Functioning
Functioning
WKP5 to
WKP0
Functioning
Functioning
Functioning
Functioning
Timer V
Functioning
Functioning
Reset
Reset
Timer W
Functioning
Functioning
Retained
Retained (if internal clock
φ is selected as a count
clock, the counter is
incremented by a
subclock)
Watchdog
timer
Functioning
Functioning
Retained
Retained (functioning if the
internal oscillator is
selected as a count clock)
SCI3
Functioning
Functioning
Reset
Reset
A/D converter
Functioning
Functioning
Reset
Reset
External
interrupts
Peripheral
functions
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 74 of 354
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Section 6 Power-Down Modes
6.2.1
Sleep Mode
In sleep mode, CPU operation is halted but the on-chip peripheral modules function at the clock
frequency set by the MA2 to MA0 bits in SYSCR2. CPU register contents are retained. When an
interrupt is requested, sleep mode is cleared and interrupt exception handling starts. Sleep mode is
not cleared if the I bit of the condition code register (CCR) is set to 1 or the requested interrupt is
disabled in the interrupt enable register. a transition is made to subactive mode when the bit is 1.
When the RES pin goes low, the CPU goes into the reset state and sleep mode is cleared.
6.2.2
Standby Mode
In standby mode, the clock pulse generator stops, so the CPU and on-chip peripheral modules stop
functioning. However, as long as the rated voltage is supplied, the contents of CPU registers, onchip RAM, and some on-chip peripheral module registers are retained. On-chip RAM contents
will be retained as long as the voltage set by the RAM data retention voltage is provided. The I/O
ports go to the high-impedance state.
Standby mode is cleared by an interrupt. When an interrupt is requested, the system clock pulse
generator starts. After the time set in bits STS2–STS0 in SYSCR1 has elapsed, and interrupt
exception handling starts. Standby mode is not cleared if the I bit of CCR is set to 1 or the
requested interrupt is disabled in the interrupt enable register.
When the RES pin goes low, the system clock pulse generator starts. Since system clock signals
are supplied to the entire chip as soon as the system clock pulse generator starts functioning, the
RES pin must be kept low until the pulse generator output stabilizes. After the pulse generator
output has stabilized, the CPU starts reset exception handling if the RES pin is driven high.
6.2.3
Subsleep Mode
In subsleep mode, the system clock oscillator is halted, and operation of the CPU and on-chip
peripheral modules is halted. As long as a required voltage is applied, the contents of CPU
registers, the on-chip RAM, and some registers of the on-chip peripheral modules are retained. I/O
ports keep the same states as before the transition.
Subsleep mode is cleared by an interrupt. When an interrupt is requested, the system clock
oscillator starts to oscillate. Subsleep mode is cleared and an interrupt exception handling starts
when the time set in bits STS2 to STS0 in SYSCR1 elapses. Subsleep mode is not cleared if the I
bit of CCR is 1 or the interrupt is disabled in the interrupt enable bit.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 75 of 354
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Section 6 Power-Down Modes
6.3
Operating Frequency in Active Mode
Operation in active mode is clocked at the frequency designated by the MA2 to MA0 bits in
SYSCR2. The operating frequency changes to the set frequency after SLEEP instruction
execution.
6.4
Direct Transition
The CPU can execute programs in active mode. The operating frequency can be changed by
making a transition directly from active mode to active mode. A direct transition can be made by
executing a SLEEP instruction while the DTON bit in SYSCR2 is set to 1. The direct transition
also enables operating frequency modification in active mode. After the mode transition, direct
transition interrupt exception handling starts.
If the direct transition interrupt is disabled in interrupt enable register 1, a transition is made
instead to sleep mode. Note that if a direct transition is attempted while the I bit in CCR is set to 1,
sleep mode will be entered, and the resulting mode cannot be cleared by means of an interrupt.
6.5
Module Standby Function
The module-standby function can be set to any peripheral module. In module standby mode, the
clock supply to modules stops to enter the power-down mode. Module standby mode enables each
on-chip peripheral module to enter the standby state by setting a bit that corresponds to each
module in MSTCR1 and MSTCR2 to 1 and cancels the mode by clearing the bit to 0.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 76 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 7 ROM
Section 7 ROM
The features of the 32-kbyte (4 kbytes of them are the control program area for E7 or E8) flash
memory built into the HD64F36024 and HD64F36014 are summarized below.
• Programming/erase methods
 The flash memory is programmed 128 bytes at a time. Erase is performed in single-block
units. The flash memory is configured as follows: 1 kbyte × 4 blocks and 28 kbytes × 1
block. To erase the entire flash memory, each block must be erased in turn.
• Reprogramming capability
 The flash memory can be reprogrammed up to 1,000 times.
• On-board programming
 On-board programming/erasing can be done in boot mode, in which the boot program built
into the chip is started to erase or program of the entire flash memory. In normal user
program mode, individual blocks can be erased or programmed.
• Automatic bit rate adjustment
 For data transfer in boot mode, this LSI's bit rate can be automatically adjusted to match
the transfer bit rate of the host.
• Programming/erasing protection
 Sets software protection against flash memory programming/erasing.
ROM3321A_000120030300
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 77 of 354
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Section 7 ROM
7.1
Block Configuration
Figure 7.1 shows the block configuration of 32-kbyte flash memory. The thick lines indicate
erasing units, the narrow lines indicate programming units, and the values are addresses. The flash
memory is divided into 1 kbyte × 4 blocks and 28 kbytes × 1 block. Erasing is performed in these
units. Programming is performed in 128-byte units starting from an address with lower eight bits
H'00 or H'80.
Erase unit
H'0000
H'0001
H'0002
H'0080
H'0081
H'0082
H'00FF
H'0380
H'0381
H'0382
H'03FF
H'0400
H'0401
H'0402
H'0480
H'0481
H'0481
H'0780
H'0781
H'0782
H'0800
H'0801
H'0802
H'0880
H'0881
H'0882
H'0B80
H'0B81
H'0B82
H'0C00
H'0C01
H'0C02
H'0C80
H'0C81
H'0C82
H'0F80
H'0F81
H'0F82
H'1000
H'1001
H'1002
H'1080
H'1081
H'1082
H'10FF
H'7F80
H'7F81
H'7F82
H'7FFF
Programming unit: 128 bytes
H'007F
1kbyte
Erase unit
Programming unit: 128 bytes
H'047F
H'04FF
1kbyte
Erase unit
H'07FF
Programming unit: 128 bytes
H'087F
H'08FF
1kbyte
Erase unit
H'0BFF
Programming unit: 128 bytes
H'0C7F
H'0CFF
1kbyte
Erase unit
H'0FFF
Programming unit: 128 bytes
H'107F
28 kbytes
Figure 7.1 Flash Memory Block Configuration
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 78 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 7 ROM
7.2
Register Descriptions
The flash memory has the following registers.
•
•
•
•
Flash memory control register 1 (FLMCR1)
Flash memory control register 2 (FLMCR2)
Erase block register 1 (EBR1)
Flash memory enable register (FENR)
7.2.1
Flash Memory Control Register 1 (FLMCR1)
FLMCR1 is a register that makes the flash memory change to program mode, program-verify
mode, erase mode, or erase-verify mode. For details on register setting, refer to section 7.4, Flash
Memory Programming/Erasing.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
7
—
0
—
Description
Reserved
This bit is always read as 0.
6
SWE
0
R/W
Software Write Enable
When this bit is set to 1, flash memory
programming/erasing is enabled. When this bit is cleared
to 0, other FLMCR1 register bits and all EBR1 bits cannot
be set.
5
ESU
0
R/W
Erase Setup
When this bit is set to 1, the flash memory changes to the
erase setup state. When it is cleared to 0, the erase setup
state is cancelled. Set this bit to 1 before setting the E bit
to 1 in FLMCR1.
4
PSU
0
R/W
Program Setup
When this bit is set to 1, the flash memory changes to the
program setup state. When it is cleared to 0, the program
setup state is cancelled. Set this bit to 1 before setting the
P bit in FLMCR1.
3
EV
0
R/W
Erase-Verify
When this bit is set to 1, the flash memory changes to
erase-verify mode. When it is cleared to 0, erase-verify
mode is cancelled.
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Section 7 ROM
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
2
PV
0
R/W
Program-Verify
When this bit is set to 1, the flash memory changes to
program-verify mode. When it is cleared to 0, programverify mode is cancelled.
1
E
0
R/W
Erase
When this bit is set to 1, and while the SWE = 1 and ESU
= 1 bits are 1, the flash memory changes to erase mode.
When it is cleared to 0, erase mode is cancelled.
0
P
0
R/W
Program
When this bit is set to 1, and while the SWE = 1 and PSU
= 1 bits are 1, the flash memory changes to program
mode. When it is cleared to 0, program mode is
cancelled.
7.2.2
Flash Memory Control Register 2 (FLMCR2)
FLMCR2 is a register that displays the state of flash memory programming/erasing. FLMCR2 is a
read-only register, and should not be written to.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
7
FLER
0
R
Description
Flash Memory Error
Indicates that an error has occurred during an operation
on flash memory (programming or erasing). When FLER
is set to 1, flash memory goes to the error-protection
state.
See 7.5.3, Error Protection, for details.
6 to 0
—
All 0
—
Reserved
These bits are always read as 0.
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Section 7 ROM
7.2.3
Erase Block Register 1 (EBR1)
EBR1 specifies the flash memory erase area block. EBR1 is initialized to H'00 when the SWE bit
in FLMCR1 is 0. Do not set more than one bit at a time, as this will cause all the bits in EBR1 to
be automatically cleared to 0.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7 to 5
—
All 0
—
Reserved
These bits are always read as 0.
4
EB4
0
R/W
When this bit is set to 1, 28 kbytes of H'1000 to H'7FFF
will be erased.
3
EB3
0
R/W
When this bit is set to 1, 1 kbyte of H'0C00 to H'0FFF will
be erased.
2
EB2
0
R/W
When this bit is set to 1, 1 kbyte of H'0800 to H'0BFF will
be erased.
1
EB1
0
R/W
When this bit is set to 1, 1 kbyte of H'0400 to H'07FF will
be erased.
0
EB0
0
R/W
When this bit is set to 1, 1 kbyte of H'0000 to H'03FF will
be erased.
7.2.4
Flash Memory Enable Register (FENR)
Bit 7 (FLSHE) in FENR enables or disables the CPU access to the flash memory control registers,
FLMCR1, FLMCR2, and EBR1.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
FLSHE
0
R/W
Flash Memory Control Register Enable
Flash memory control registers can be accessed when
this bit is set to 1. Flash memory control registers cannot
be accessed when this bit is set to 0.
6 to 0
—
All 0
—
Reserved
These bits are always read as 0.
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Section 7 ROM
7.3
On-Board Programming Modes
There is a mode for programming/erasing of the flash memory; boot mode, which enables onboard programming/erasing. On-board programming/erasing can also be performed in user
program mode. At reset-start in reset mode, this LSI changes to a mode depending on the TEST
pin settings, NMI pin settings, and input level of each port, as shown in table 7.1. The input level
of each pin must be defined four states before the reset ends.
When changing to boot mode, the boot program built into this LSI is initiated. The boot program
transfers the programming control program from the externally-connected host to on-chip RAM
via SCI3. After erasing the entire flash memory, the programming control program is executed.
This can be used for programming initial values in the on-board state or for a forcible return when
programming/erasing can no longer be done in user program mode. In user program mode,
individual blocks can be erased and programmed by branching to the user program/erase control
program prepared by the user.
Table 7.1
Setting Programming Modes
TEST
NMI
E10T_0
PB0
PB1
PB2
LSI State after Reset End
0
1
X
X
X
X
User Mode
0
0
1
X
X
X
Boot Mode
Legend: X: Don’t care.
7.3.1
Boot Mode
Table 7.2 shows the boot mode operations between reset end and branching to the programming
control program.
1. When boot mode is used, the flash memory programming control program must be prepared in
the host beforehand. Prepare a programming control program in accordance with the
description in section 7.4, Flash Memory Programming/Erasing.
2. SCI3 should be set to asynchronous mode, and the transfer format as follows: 8-bit data, 1 stop
bit, and no parity.
3. When the boot program is initiated, the chip measures the low-level period of asynchronous
SCI communication data (H'00) transmitted continuously from the host. The chip then
calculates the bit rate of transmission from the host, and adjusts the SCI3 bit rate to match that
of the host. The reset should end with the RxD pin high. The RxD and TxD pins should be
pulled up on the board if necessary. After the reset is complete, it takes approximately 100
states before the chip is ready to measure the low-level period.
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Section 7 ROM
4. After matching the bit rates, the chip transmits one H'00 byte to the host to indicate the
completion of bit rate adjustment. The host should confirm that this adjustment end indication
(H'00) has been received normally, and transmit one H'55 byte to the chip. If reception could
not be performed normally, initiate boot mode again by a reset. Depending on the host's
transfer bit rate and system clock frequency of this LSI, there will be a discrepancy between
the bit rates of the host and the chip. To operate the SCI properly, set the host's transfer bit rate
and system clock frequency of this LSI within the ranges listed in table 7.3.
5. In boot mode, a part of the on-chip RAM area is used by the boot program. The area H'F780 to
H'FEEF is the area to which the programming control program is transferred from the host.
The boot program area cannot be used until the execution state in boot mode switches to the
programming control program.
6. Before branching to the programming control program, the chip terminates transfer operations
by SCI3 (by clearing the RE and TE bits in SCR3 to 0), however the adjusted bit rate value
remains set in BRR. Therefore, the programming control program can still use it for transfer of
write data or verify data with the host. The TxD pin is high (PCR22 = 1, P22 = 1). The
contents of the CPU general registers are undefined immediately after branching to the
programming control program. These registers must be initialized at the beginning of the
programming control program, as the stack pointer (SP), in particular, is used implicitly in
subroutine calls, etc.
7. Boot mode can be cleared by a reset. End the reset after driving the reset pin low, waiting at
least 20 states, and then setting the NMI pin. Boot mode is also cleared when a WDT overflow
occurs.
8. Do not change the TEST pin and NMI pin input levels in boot mode.
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Section 7 ROM
Boot Mode Operation
Host Operation
Communication Contents
Processing Contents
Transfer of number of bytes of
programming control program
Flash memory erase
Bit rate adjustment
Boot mode initiation
Item
Table 7.2
LSI Operation
Processing Contents
Branches to boot program at reset-start.
Boot program initiation
Continuously transmits data H'00
at specified bit rate.
Transmits data H'55 when data H'00
is received error-free.
H'00, H'00 . . . H'00
H'00
H'55
Boot program
erase error
H'AA reception
Transmits number of bytes (N) of
programming control program to be
transferred as 2-byte data
(low-order byte following high-order
byte)
Transmits 1-byte of programming
control program (repeated for N times)
H'AA reception
H'FF
H'AA
Upper bytes, lower bytes
Echoback
H'XX
Echoback
H'AA
• Measures low-level period of receive data
H'00.
• Calculates bit rate and sets BRR in SCI3.
• Transmits data H'00 to host as adjustment
end indication.
H'55 reception.
Checks flash memory data, erases all flash
memory blocks in case of written data
existing, and transmits data H'AA to host.
(If erase could not be done, transmits data
H'FF to host and aborts operation.)
Echobacks the 2-byte data
received to host.
Echobacks received data to host and also
transfers it to RAM.
(repeated for N times)
Transmits data H'AA to host.
Branches to programming control program
transferred to on-chip RAM and starts
execution.
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Section 7 ROM
Table 7.3
System Clock Frequencies for which Automatic Adjustment of LSI Bit Rate is
Possible
Host Bit Rate
System Clock Frequency Range of LSI
19,200 bps
16 to 20 MHz
9,600 bps
8 to 16 MHz
4,800 bps
4 to 16 MHz
2,400 bps
2 to 16 MHz
7.3.2
Programming/Erasing in User Program Mode
On-board programming/erasing of an individual flash memory block can also be performed in user
program mode by branching to a user program/erase control program. The user must set branching
conditions and provide on-board means of supplying programming data. The flash memory must
contain the user program/erase control program or a program that provides the user program/erase
control program from external memory. As the flash memory itself cannot be read during
programming/erasing, transfer the user program/erase control program to on-chip RAM, as in boot
mode. Figure 7.2 shows a sample procedure for programming/erasing in user program mode.
Prepare a user program/erase control program in accordance with the description in section 7.4,
Flash Memory Programming/Erasing.
Reset-start
No
Program/erase?
Yes
Transfer user program/erase control
program to RAM
Branch to flash memory application
program
Branch to user program/erase control
program in RAM
Execute user program/erase control
program (flash memory rewrite)
Branch to flash memory application
program
Figure 7.2 Programming/Erasing Flowchart Example in User Program Mode
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Section 7 ROM
7.4
Flash Memory Programming/Erasing
A software method using the CPU is employed to program and erase flash memory in the onboard programming modes. Depending on the FLMCR1 setting, the flash memory operates in one
of the following four modes: Program mode, program-verify mode, erase mode, and erase-verify
mode. The programming control program in boot mode and the user program/erase control
program in user program mode use these operating modes in combination to perform
programming/erasing. Flash memory programming and erasing should be performed in
accordance with the descriptions in section 7.4.1, Program/Program-Verify and section 7.4.2,
Erase/Erase-Verify, respectively.
7.4.1
Program/Program-Verify
When writing data or programs to the flash memory, the program/program-verify flowchart shown
in figure 7.3 should be followed. Performing programming operations according to this flowchart
will enable data or programs to be written to the flash memory without subjecting the chip to
voltage stress or sacrificing program data reliability.
1. Programming must be done to an empty address. Do not reprogram an address to which
programming has already been performed.
2. Programming should be carried out 128 bytes at a time. A 128-byte data transfer must be
performed even if writing fewer than 128 bytes. In this case, H'FF data must be written to the
extra addresses.
3. Prepare the following data storage areas in RAM: A 128-byte programming data area, a 128byte reprogramming data area, and a 128-byte additional-programming data area. Perform
reprogramming data computation according to table 7.4, and additional programming data
computation according to table 7.5.
4. Consecutively transfer 128 bytes of data in byte units from the reprogramming data area or
additional-programming data area to the flash memory. The program address and 128-byte
data are latched in the flash memory. The lower 8 bits of the start address in the flash memory
destination area must be H'00 or H'80.
5. The time during which the P bit is set to 1 is the programming time. Table 7.6 shows the
allowable programming times.
6. The watchdog timer (WDT) is set to prevent overprogramming due to program runaway, etc.
An overflow cycle of approximately 6.6 ms is allowed.
7. For a dummy write to a verify address, write 1-byte data H'FF to an address whose lower 2
bits are B'00. Verify data can be read in words or in longwords from the address to which a
dummy write was performed.
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Section 7 ROM
8.
The maximum number of repetitions of the program/program-verify sequence of the same bit
is 1,000.
Write pulse application subroutine
START
Apply Write Pulse
Set SWE bit in FLMCR1
WDT enable
Wait 1 µs
Set PSU bit in FLMCR1
Store 128-byte program data in program
data area and reprogram data area
*
Wait 50 µs
n= 1
Set P bit in FLMCR1
m= 0
Wait (Wait time=programming time)
Write 128-byte data in RAM reprogram
data area consecutively to flash memory
Clear P bit in FLMCR1
Wait 5 µs
Apply Write pulse
Clear PSU bit in FLMCR1
Set PV bit in FLMCR1
Wait 4 µs
Wait 5 µs
Disable WDT
Set block start address as
verify address
End Sub
H'FF dummy write to verify address
n←n+1
Wait 2 µs
*
Read verify data
Increment address
No
Verify data =
write data?
m=1
Yes
n≤6?
No
Yes
Additional-programming data computation
Reprogram data computation
No
128-byte
data verification completed?
Yes
Clear PV bit in FLMCR1
Wait 2 µs
n ≤ 6?
No
Yes
Successively write 128-byte data from additionalprogramming data area in RAM to flash memory
Sub-Routine-Call
Apply Write Pulse
m= 0 ?
Yes
Clear SWE bit in FLMCR1
No
n ≤ 1000 ?
Yes
No
Clear SWE bit in FLMCR1
Wait 100 µs
Wait 100 µs
End of programming
Programming failure
Note: *The RTS instruction must not be used during the following 1. and 2. periods.
1. A period between 128-byte data programming to flash memory and the P bit clearing
2. A period between dummy writing of H'FF to a verify address and verify data reading
Figure 7.3 Program/Program-Verify Flowchart
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Section 7 ROM
Table 7.4
Reprogram Data Computation Table
Program Data
Verify Data
Reprogram Data
Comments
0
0
1
Programming completed
0
1
0
Reprogram bit
1
0
1
—
1
1
1
Remains in erased state
Table 7.5
Additional-Program Data Computation Table
Reprogram Data
Verify Data
Additional-Program
Data
Comments
0
0
0
Additional-program bit
0
1
1
No additional programming
1
0
1
No additional programming
1
1
1
No additional programming
Comments
Table 7.6
Programming Time
n
(Number of Writes)
Programming
Time
In Additional
Programming
1 to 6
30
10
7 to 1,000
200
—
Note: Time shown in µs.
7.4.2
Erase/Erase-Verify
When erasing flash memory, the erase/erase-verify flowchart shown in figure 7.4 should be
followed.
1. Prewriting (setting erase block data to all 0s) is not necessary.
2. Erasing is performed in block units. Make only a single-bit specification in the erase block
register (EBR1). To erase multiple blocks, each block must be erased in turn.
3. The time during which the E bit is set to 1 is the flash memory erase time.
4. The watchdog timer (WDT) is set to prevent overerasing due to program runaway, etc. An
overflow cycle of approximately 19.8 ms is allowed.
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Section 7 ROM
5. For a dummy write to a verify address, write 1-byte data H'FF to an address whose lower two
bits are B'00. Verify data can be read in longwords from the address to which a dummy write
was performed.
6. If the read data is not erased successfully, set erase mode again, and repeat the erase/eraseverify sequence as before. The maximum number of repetitions of the erase/erase-verify
sequence is 100.
7.4.3
Interrupt Handling when Programming/Erasing Flash Memory
All interrupts, including the NMI interrupt, are disabled while flash memory is being programmed
or erased, or while the boot program is executing, for the following three reasons:
1. Interrupt during programming/erasing may cause a violation of the programming or erasing
algorithm, with the result that normal operation cannot be assured.
2. If interrupt exception handling starts before the vector address is written or during
programming/erasing, a correct vector cannot be fetched and the CPU malfunctions.
3. If an interrupt occurs during boot program execution, normal boot mode sequence cannot be
carried out.
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Section 7 ROM
Erase start
SWE bit ← 1
Wait 1 µs
n←1
Set EBR1
Enable WDT
ESU bit ← 1
Wait 100 µs
E bit ← 1
Wait 10 ms
E bit ← 0
Wait 10 µs
ESU bit ← 10
10 µs
Disable WDT
EV bit ← 1
Wait 20 µs
Set block start address as verify address
H'FF dummy write to verify address
Wait 2 µs
*
n←n+1
Read verify data
No
Verify data + all 1s ?
Increment address
Yes
No
Last address of block ?
Yes
No
EV bit ← 0
EV bit ← 0
Wait 4 µs
Wait 4µs
All erase block erased ?
n ≤100 ?
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
SWE bit ← 0
SWE bit ← 0
Wait 100 µs
Wait 100 µs
End of erasing
Erase failure
Note: * The RTS instruction must not be used during a period between dummy writing of H'FF to a verify address and verify data reading.
Figure 7.4 Erase/Erase-Verify Flowchart
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Section 7 ROM
7.5
Program/Erase Protection
There are three kinds of flash memory program/erase protection; hardware protection, software
protection, and error protection.
7.5.1
Hardware Protection
Hardware protection refers to a state in which programming/erasing of flash memory is forcibly
disabled or aborted because of a transition to reset, subsleep mode or standby mode. Flash
memory control register 1 (FLMCR1), flash memory control register 2 (FLMCR2), and erase
block register 1 (EBR1) are initialized. In a reset via the RES pin, the reset state is not entered
unless the RES pin is held low until oscillation stabilizes after powering on. In the case of a reset
during operation, hold the RES pin low for the RES pulse width specified in the AC
Characteristics section.
7.5.2
Software Protection
Software protection can be implemented against programming/erasing of all flash memory blocks
by clearing the SWE bit in FLMCR1. When software protection is in effect, setting the P or E bit
in FLMCR1 does not cause a transition to program mode or erase mode. By setting the erase block
register 1 (EBR1), erase protection can be set for individual blocks. When EBR1 is set to H'00,
erase protection is set for all blocks.
7.5.3
Error Protection
In error protection, an error is detected when CPU runaway occurs during flash memory
programming/erasing, or operation is not performed in accordance with the program/erase
algorithm, and the program/erase operation is aborted. Aborting the program/erase operation
prevents damage to the flash memory due to overprogramming or overerasing.
When the following errors are detected during programming/erasing of flash memory, the FLER
bit in FLMCR2 is set to 1, and the error protection state is entered.
• When the flash memory of the relevant address area is read during programming/erasing
(including vector read and instruction fetch)
• Immediately after exception handling excluding a reset during programming/erasing
• When a SLEEP instruction is executed during programming/erasing
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The FLMCR1, FLMCR2, and EBR1 settings are retained, however program mode or erase mode
is aborted at the point at which the error occurred. Program mode or erase mode cannot be reentered by re-setting the P or E bit. However, PV and EV bit setting is enabled, and a transition
can be made to verify mode. Error protection can be cleared only by a reset.
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Section 8 RAM
Section 8 RAM
This LSI has 2 kbytes of on-chip high-speed static RAM. The RAM is connected to the CPU by a
16-bit data bus, enabling two-state access by the CPU to both byte data and word data.
Product Classification
Flash memory version
Masked ROM version
Note:
*
RAM Size
RAM Address
H8/36024F, H8/36014F
2 kbytes
H'F780 to H'FF7F*
H8/36022F, H8/36012F
2 kbytes
H'F780 to H'FF7F*
H8/36024, H8/36014
1 kbyte
H'FB80 to H'FF7F
H8/36023, H8/36013
1 kbyte
H'FB80 to H'FF7F
H8/36022, H8/36012
512 bytes
H'FD80 to H'FF7F
H8/36011
512 bytes
H'FD80 to H'FF7F
H8/36010
512 bytes
H'FD80 to H'FF7F
When the E7 or E8 is used, area H'F780 to H'FB7F must not be accessed.
RAM0400A_000020020200
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Section 8 RAM
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Section 9 I/O Ports
Section 9 I/O Ports
The group of this LSI has thirty general I/O ports and four general input-only ports. Port 8 is a
large current port, which can drive 20 mA (@VOL = 1.5 V) when a low level signal is output. Any
of these ports can become an input port immediately after a reset. They can also be used as I/O
pins of the on-chip peripheral modules or external interrupt input pins, and these functions can be
switched depending on the register settings. The registers for selecting these functions can be
divided into two types: those included in I/O ports and those included in each on-chip peripheral
module. General I/O ports are comprised of the port control register for controlling inputs/outputs
and the port data register for storing output data and can select inputs/outputs in bit units. For
functions in each port, see Appendix B.1, I/O Port Block Diagrams. For the execution of bit
manipulation instructions to the port control register and port data register, see section 2.8.3, Bit
Manipulation Instruction.
9.1
Port 1
Port 1 is a general I/O port also functioning as IRQ interrupt input pins, timer V input pin, and
SCI3 I/O pin. Figure 9.1 shows its pin configuration.
P17/IRQ3/TRGV
P16
P15
Port 1
P14/IRQ0
P12/SCK3_3*
P11
P10
Note: * The SCK3_3 pin is not available in the H8/36014.
Figure 9.1 Port 1 Pin Configuration
Port 1 has the following registers.
•
•
•
•
Port mode register 1 (PMR1)
Port control register 1 (PCR1)
Port data register 1 (PDR1)
Port pull-up control register 1 (PUCR1)
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Section 9 I/O Ports
9.1.1
Port Mode Register 1 (PMR1)
PMR1 switches the functions of pins in port 1, port 2, and port 7.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
IRQ3
0
R/W
P17/IRQ3/TRGV Pin Function Switch
This bit selects whether pin P17/IRQ3/TRGV is used as
P17 or as IRQ3/TRGV.
0: General I/O port
1: IRQ3/TRGV input pin
6, 5

All 0

Reserved
These bits are always read as 0.
4
IRQ0
0
R/W
P14/IRQ0 Pin Function Switch
This bit selects whether pin P14/IRQ0 is used as P14 or
as IRQ0.
0: General I/O port
1: IRQ0 input pin
3
TXD2
0
R/W
P72/TXD_2 Pin Function Switch
This bit selects whether pin P72/TXD_2 is used as P72 or
as TXD_2.
0: General I/O port
1: TXD_2 output pin
2

0
R/W
Reserved
This bit must always be cleared to 0 (setting to 1 is
disabled).
1
TXD
0
R/W
P22/TXD Pin Function Switch
This bit selects whether pin P22/TXD is used as P22 or
as TXD.
0: General I/O port
1: TXD output pin
0

0

Reserved
This bit is always read as 0.
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Section 9 I/O Ports
9.1.2
Port Control Register 1 (PCR1)
PCR1 selects inputs/outputs in bit units for pins to be used as general I/O ports of port 1.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
PCR17
0
W
6
PCR16
0
W
5
PCR15
0
W
When the corresponding pin is designated in PMR1 as a
general I/O pin, setting a PCR1 bit to 1 makes the
corresponding pin an output port, while clearing the bit to
0 makes the pin an input port.
4
PCR14
0
W
Bit 3 is a reserved bit.
3



2
PCR12
0
W
1
PCR11
0
W
0
PCR10
0
W
9.1.3
Port Data Register 1 (PDR1)
PDR1 is a general I/O port data register of port 1.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
P17
0
R/W
PDR1 stores output data for port 1 pins.
6
P16
0
R/W
5
P15
0
R/W
4
P14
0
R/W
If PDR1 is read while PCR1 bits are set to 1, the value
stored in PDR1 are read. If PDR1 is read while PCR1 bits
are cleared to 0, the pin states are read regardless of the
value stored in PDR1.
3

1

Bit 3 is a reserved bit. This bit is always read as 1.
2
P12
0
R/W
1
P11
0
R/W
0
P10
0
R/W
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Section 9 I/O Ports
9.1.4
Port Pull-Up Control Register 1 (PUCR1)
PUCR1 controls the pull-up MOS in bit units of the pins set as the input ports.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
PUCR17
0
R/W
6
PUCR16
0
R/W
5
PUCR15
0
R/W
Only bits for which PCR1 is cleared are valid. The pull-up
MOS of P17 to P14 and P12 to P10 pins enter the onstate when these bits are set to 1, while they enter the
off-state when these bits are cleared to 0.
4
PUCR14
0
R/W
Bit 3 is a reserved bit. This bit is always read as 1.
3

1

2
PUCR12
0
R/W
1
PUCR11
0
R/W
0
PUCR10
0
R/W
9.1.5
Pin Functions
The correspondence between the register specification and the port functions is shown below.
• P17/IRQ3/TRGV pin
Register
PMR1
PCR1
Bit Name
IRQ3
PCR17
Pin Function
0
P17 input pin
1
P17 output pin
X
IRQ3 input/TRGV input pin
Setting value 0
1
Legend X: Don't care.
• P16 pin
Register
PCR1
Bit Name
PCR16
Pin Function
Setting value
0
P16 input pin
1
P16 output pin
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Section 9 I/O Ports
• P15 pin
Register
PCR1
Bit Name
PCR15
Pin Function
Setting value
0
P15 input pin
1
P15 output pin
• P14/IRQ0 pin
Register
PMR1
PCR1
Bit Name
IRQ0
PCR14
Pin Function
0
P14 input pin
1
P14 output pin
X
IRQ0 input pin
Setting value 0
1
Legend X: Don't care.
• P12/SCK3_3* pin
Register
SCR3_3*
SMR_3* PCR1
Bit Name
CKE1
CKE0
COM
PCR12
Pin Function
Setting value
0
0
0
0
P12 input pin
1
P12 output pin
X
SCK3_3 output pin*
1
0
1
X
X
SCK3_3 output pin*
1
X
X
X
SCK3_3 input pin*
Legend X: Don't care.
Note: * Not available in the H8/36014.
• P11 pin
Register
PCR1
Bit Name
PCR11
Pin Function
Setting value
0
P11 input pin
1
P11 output pin
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 99 of 354
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Section 9 I/O Ports
• P10 pin
Register
PCR1
Bit Name
PCR10
Pin Function
Setting value
0
P10 input pin
1
P10 output pin
9.2
Port 2
Port 2 is a general I/O port also functioning as a SCI3 I/O pin. Each pin of the port 2 is shown in
figure 9.2. The register settings of PMR1 and SCI3 have priority for functions of the pins for both
uses.
P22/TXD
Port 2
P21/RXD
P20/SCK3
Figure 9.2 Port 2 Pin Configuration
Port 2 has the following registers.
• Port control register 2 (PCR2)
• Port data register 2 (PDR2)
9.2.1
Port Control Register 2 (PCR2)
PCR2 selects inputs/outputs in bit units for pins to be used as general I/O ports of port 2.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7 to 3



Reserved
2
PCR22
0
W
1
PCR21
0
W
0
PCR20
0
W
When each of the port 2 pins P22 to P20 functions as an
general I/O port, setting a PCR2 bit to 1 makes the
corresponding pin an output port, while clearing the bit to
0 makes the pin an input port.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 100 of 354
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Section 9 I/O Ports
9.2.2
Port Data Register 2 (PDR2)
PDR2 is a general I/O port data register of port 2.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7 to 3

All 1

Reserved
These bits are always read as 1.
2
P22
0
R/W
PDR2 stores output data for port 2 pins.
1
P21
0
R/W
0
P20
0
R/W
If PDR2 is read while PCR2 bits are set to 1, the value
stored in PDR2 is read. If PDR2 is read while PCR2 bits
are cleared to 0, the pin states are read regardless of the
value stored in PDR2.
9.2.3
Pin Functions
The correspondence between the register specification and the port functions is shown below.
• P22/TXD pin
Register
PMR1
PCR2
Bit Name
TXD
PCR22
Pin Function
0
P22 input pin
1
P22 output pin
X
TXD output pin
Setting Value 0
1
Legend X: Don't care.
• P21/RXD pin
Register
SCR3
PCR2
Bit Name
RE
PCR21
Pin Function
0
P21 input pin
Setting Value 0
1
1
P21 output pin
X
RXD input pin
Legend X: Don't care.
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Section 9 I/O Ports
• P20/SCK3 pin
Register
SCR3
Bit Name
CKE1
Setting Value
0
SMR
PCR2
CKE0
COM
PCR20
Pin Function
0
0
0
P20 input pin
1
P20 output pin
0
0
1
X
SCK3 output pin
0
1
X
X
SCK3 output pin
1
X
X
X
SCK3 input pin
Legend X: Don't care.
9.3
Port 5
Port 5 is a general I/O port also functioning as an SCI3 I/O pins, A/D trigger input pin, and
wakeup interrupt input pins. Each pin of the port 5 is shown in figure 9.3.
P57/TXD_3*
P56/RXD_3*
P55/WKP5/ADTRG
Port 5
P54/WKP4
P53/WKP3
P52/WKP2
P51/WKP1
P50/WKP0
Note: * The TXD_3 and RXD_3 pins are not available in the H8/36014.
Figure 9.3 Port 5 Pin Configuration
Port 5 has the following registers.
•
•
•
•
Port mode register 5 (PMR5)
Port control register 5 (PCR5)
Port data register 5 (PDR5)
Port pull-up control register 5 (PUCR5)
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Section 9 I/O Ports
9.3.1
Port Mode Register 5 (PMR5)
PMR5 switches the functions of pins in port 5.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
POF57
0
R/W
P57 Pin Function Switch
0: General I/O port
1: NMOS open-drain output
6
POF56
0
R/W
P56 Pin Function Switch
0: General I/O port
1: NMOS open-drain output
5
WKP5
0
R/W
P55/WKP5/ADTRG Pin Function Switch
Selects whether pin P55/WKP5/ADTRG is used as P55 or as
WKP5/ADTRG input.
0: General I/O port
1: WKP5/ADTRG input pin
4
WKP4
0
R/W
P54/WKP4 Pin Function Switch
Selects whether pin P54/WKP4 is used as P54 or as WKP4.
0: General I/O port
1: WKP4 input pin
3
WKP3
0
R/W
P53/WKP3 Pin Function Switch
Selects whether pin P53/WKP3 is used as P53 or as WKP3.
0: General I/O port
1: WKP3 input pin
2
WKP2
0
R/W
P52/WKP2 Pin Function Switch
Selects whether pin P52/WKP2 is used as P52 or as WKP2.
0: General I/O port
1: WKP2 input pin
1
WKP1
0
R/W
P51/WKP1 Pin Function Switch
Selects whether pin P51/WKP1 is used as P51 or as WKP1.
0: General I/O port
1: WKP1 input pin
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Section 9 I/O Ports
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
0
WKP0
0
R/W
P50/WKP0 Pin Function Switch
Selects whether pin P50/WKP0 is used as P50 or as WKP0.
0: General I/O port
1: WKP0 input pin
9.3.2
Port Control Register 5 (PCR5)
PCR5 selects inputs/outputs in bit units for pins to be used as general I/O ports of port 5.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
PCR57
0
W
6
PCR56
0
W
5
PCR55
0
W
When each of the port 5 pins P57 to P50 functions as an
general I/O port, setting a PCR5 bit to 1 makes the
corresponding pin an output port, while clearing the bit to 0
makes the pin an input port.
4
PCR54
0
W
3
PCR53
0
W
2
PCR52
0
W
1
PCR51
0
W
0
PCR50
0
W
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Section 9 I/O Ports
9.3.3
Port Data Register 5 (PDR5)
PDR5 is a general I/O port data register of port 5.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
P57
0
R/W
Stores output data for port 5 pins.
6
P56
0
R/W
5
P55
0
R/W
4
P54
0
R/W
If PDR5 is read while PCR5 bits are set to 1, the value
stored in PDR5 are read. If PDR5 is read while PCR5 bits
are cleared to 0, the pin states are read regardless of the
value stored in PDR5.
3
P53
0
R/W
2
P52
0
R/W
1
P51
0
R/W
0
P50
0
R/W
9.3.4
Port Pull-Up Control Register 5 (PUCR5)
PUCR5 controls the pull-up MOS in bit units of the pins set as the input ports.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7, 6

All 0

Reserved
5
PUCR55
0
R/W
4
PUCR54
0
R/W
3
PUCR53
0
R/W
2
PUCR52
0
R/W
1
PUCR51
0
R/W
0
PUCR50
0
R/W
These bits are always read as 0.
Only bits for which PCR5 is cleared are valid. The pull-up
MOS of the corresponding pins enter the on-state when
these bits are set to 1, while they enter the off-state when
these bits are cleared to 0.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 105 of 354
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Section 9 I/O Ports
9.3.5
Pin Functions
The correspondence between the register specification and the port functions is shown below.
• P57/TXD_3* pin
Register
SMCR*
PCR5
Bit Name
TXD_3
PCR57
Pin Function
0
P57 input pin
1
P57 output pin
X
TXD_3 output pin*
Setting Value 0
1
Legend X: Don't care.
Note: * Not available in the H8/36014.
• P56/RXD_3* pin
Register
SCR3_3*
PCR5
Bit Name
RE
PCR56
Pin Function
0
P56 input pin
1
P56 output pin
X
RXD_3 input pin*
Setting Value 0
1
Legend X: Don't care.
Note: * Not available in the H8/36014.
• P55/WKP5/ADTRG pin
Register
PMR5
PCR5
Bit Name
WKP5
PCR55
Pin Function
0
P55 input pin
1
P55 output pin
X
WKP5/ADTRG input pin
Setting Value 0
1
Legend X: Don't care.
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Section 9 I/O Ports
• P54/WKP4 pin
Register
PMR5
PCR5
Bit Name
WKP4
PCR54
Pin Function
0
P54 input pin
1
P54 output pin
X
WKP4 input pin
Setting Value 0
1
Legend X: Don't care.
• P53/WKP3 pin
Register
PMR5
PCR5
Bit Name
WKP3
PCR53
Pin Function
0
P53 input pin
1
P53 output pin
X
WKP3 input pin
Setting Value 0
1
Legend X: Don't care.
• P52/WKP2 pin
Register
PMR5
PCR5
Bit Name
WKP2
PCR52
Pin Function
0
P52 input pin
1
P52 output pin
X
WKP2 input pin
Setting Value 0
1
Legend X: Don't care.
• P51/WKP1 pin
Register
PMR5
PCR5
Bit Name
WKP1
PCR51
Pin Function
0
P51 input pin
1
P51 output pin
X
WKP1 input pin
Setting Value 0
1
Legend X: Don't care.
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Section 9 I/O Ports
• P50/WKP0 pin
Register
PMR5
PCR5
Bit Name
WKP0
PCR50
Pin Function
0
P50 input pin
1
P50 output pin
X
WKP0 input pin
Setting Value 0
1
Legend X: Don't care.
9.4
Port 7
Port 7 is a general I/O port also functioning as a timer V I/O pin. Each pin of the port 7 is shown
in figure 9.4. The register setting of TCSRV in timer V has priority for functions of pin
P76/TMOV. The pins, P75/TMCIV and P74/TMRIV, are also functioning as timer V input ports
that are connected to the timer V regardless of the register setting of port 7.
P76/TMOV
P75/TMCIV
P74/TMRIV
Port 7
P73
P72/TXD_2
P71/SCK3_2
P70/SCK3_2
Figure 9.4 Port 7 Pin Configuration
Port 7 has the following registers.
• Port control register 7 (PCR7)
• Port data register 7 (PDR7)
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Section 9 I/O Ports
9.4.1
Port Control Register 7 (PCR7)
PCR7 selects inputs/outputs in bit units for pins to be used as general I/O ports of port 7.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7



Reserved
6
PCR76
0
W
5
PCR75
0
W
4
PCR74
0
W
3
PCR73
0
W
Setting a PCR7 bit to 1 makes the corresponding pin an
output port, while clearing the bit to 0 makes the pin an
input port. Note that the TCSRV setting of the timer V has
priority for deciding input/output direction of the
P76/TMOV pin.
2
PCR72
0
W
1
PCR71
0
W
0
PCR70
0
W
9.4.2
Port Data Register 7 (PDR7)
PDR7 is a general I/O port data register of port 7.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7

1

Reserved
This bit is always read as 1.
6
P76
0
R/W
PDR7 stores output data for port 7 pins.
5
P75
0
R/W
4
P74
0
R/W
3
P73
0
R/W
If PDR7 is read while PCR7 bits are set to 1, the value
stored in PDR7 is read. If PDR7 is read while PCR7 bits
are cleared to 0, the pin states are read regardless of the
value stored in PDR7.
2
P72
0
R/W
1
P71
0
R/W
0
P70
0
R/W
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Section 9 I/O Ports
9.4.3
Pin Functions
The correspondence between the register specification and the port functions is shown below.
• P76/TMOV pin
Register
TCSRV
Bit Name
OS3 to OS0 PCR76
Setting Value 0000
Other than
the above
values
PCR7
Pin Function
0
P76 input pin
1
P76 output pin
X
TMOV output pin
Legend X: Don't care.
• P75/TMCIV pin
Register
PCR7
Bit Name
PCR75
Setting Value 0
1
Pin Function
P75 input/TMCIV input pin
P75 output/TMCIV input pin
• P74/TMRIV pin
Register
PCR7
Bit Name
PCR74
Setting Value 0
1
Pin Function
P74 input/TMRIV input pin
P74 output/TMRIV input pin
• P73 pin
Register
PCR7
Bit Name
PCR73
Setting Value 0
1
Pin Function
P73 input pin
P73 output pin
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Section 9 I/O Ports
• P72/TXD_2 pin
Register
PMR1
PCR7
Bit Name
TXD2
PCR72
Pin Function
0
P72 input pin
1
P72 output pin
X
TXD_2 output pin
Setting Value 0
1
Legend X: Don't care.
• P71/RXD_2 pin
Register
SCR3_2
PCR7
Bit Name
RE
PCR71
Pin Function
0
P71 input pin
1
P71 output pin
X
RXD_2 input pin
Setting Value 0
1
Legend X: Don't care.
• P70/SCK3_2 pin
Register
SCR3_2
Bit Name
CKE1
Setting Value 0
SMR_2
PCR7
CKE0
COM
PCR70
Pin Function
0
0
0
P70 input pin
1
P70 output pin
1
X
SCK3_2 output pin
0
1
X
X
SCK3_2 output pin
1
X
X
X
SCK3_2 input pin
Legend X: Don't care.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 111 of 354
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Section 9 I/O Ports
9.5
Port 8
Port 8 is a general I/O port also functioning as a timer W I/O pin. Each pin of the port 8 is shown
in figure 9.5. The register setting of the timer W has priority for functions of the pins P84/FTIOD,
P83/FTIOC, P82/FTIOB, and P81/FTIOA. The P80/FTCI pin also functions as a timer W input
port that is connected to the timer W regardless of the register setting of port 8.
P84/FTIOD
P83/FTIOC
Port 8
P82/FTIOB
P81/FTIOA
P80/FTCI
Figure 9.5 Port 8 Pin Configuration
Port 8 has the following registers.
• Port control register 8 (PCR8)
• Port data register 8 (PDR8)
9.5.1
Port Control Register 8 (PCR8)
PCR8 selects inputs/outputs in bit units for pins to be used as general I/O ports of port 8.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7 to 5



Reserved
4
PCR84
0
W
3
PCR83
0
W
2
PCR82
0
W
When each of the port 8 pins P84 to P80 functions as an
general I/O port, setting a PCR8 bit to 1 makes the
corresponding pin an output port, while clearing the bit to
0 makes the pin an input port.
1
PCR81
0
W
0
PCR80
0
W
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Section 9 I/O Ports
9.5.2
Port Data Register 8 (PDR8)
PDR8 is a general I/O port data register of port 8.
Initial
Value
R/W
Description

All 0

Reserved
P84
0
R/W
PDR8 stores output data for port 8 pins.
3
P83
0
R/W
2
P82
0
R/W
1
P81
0
R/W
If PDR8 is read while PCR8 bits are set to 1, the value
stored in PDR8 is read. If PDR8 is read while PCR8 bits
are cleared to 0, the pin states are read regardless of the
value stored in PDR8.
0
P80
0
R/W
9.5.3
Pin Functions
Bit
Bit Name
7 to 5
4
The correspondence between the register specification and the port functions is shown below.
• P84/FTIOD pin
Register
TIOR1
Bit Name
IOD2
Setting Value 0
PCR8
IOD1
IOD0
PCR84
Pin Function
0
0
0
P84 input/FTIOD input pin
1
P84 output/FTIOD input pin
0
0
1
X
FTIOD output pin
0
1
X
X
FTIOD output pin
1
X
X
0
P84 input/FTIOD input pin
1
P84 output/FTIOD input pin
Legend X: Don't care.
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Section 9 I/O Ports
• P83/FTIOC pin
Register
TIOR1
Bit Name
IOC2
Setting Value 0
PCR8
IOC1
IOC0
PCR83
Pin Function
0
0
0
P83 input/FTIOC input pin
1
P83 output/FTIOC input pin
0
0
1
X
FTIOC output pin
0
1
X
X
FTIOC output pin
1
X
X
0
P83 input/FTIOC input pin
1
P83 output/FTIOC input pin
Legend X: Don't care.
• P82/FTIOB pin
Register
TIOR0
Bit Name
IOB2
Setting Value 0
PCR8
IOB1
IOB0
PCR82
Pin Function
0
0
0
P82 input/FTIOB input pin
1
P82 output/FTIOB input pin
0
0
1
X
FTIOB output pin
0
1
X
X
FTIOB output pin
1
X
X
0
P82 input/FTIOB input pin
1
P82 output/FTIOB input pin
Legend X: Don't care.
• P81/FTIOA pin
Register
TIOR0
Bit Name
IOA2
Setting Value 0
PCR8
IOA1
IOA0
PCR81
Pin Function
0
0
0
P81 input/FTIOA input pin
1
P81 output/FTIOA input pin
0
0
1
X
FTIOA output pin
0
1
X
X
FTIOA output pin
1
X
X
0
P81 input/FTIOA input pin
1
P81 output/FTIOA input pin
Legend X: Don't care.
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Section 9 I/O Ports
• P80/FTCI pin
Register
PCR8
Bit Name
PCR80
Setting Value 0
1
9.6
Pin Function
P80 input/FTCI input pin
P80 output/FTCI input pin
Port B
Port B is an input port also functioning as an A/D converter analog input pin. Each pin of the port
B is shown in figure 9.6.
PB3/AN3
Port B
PB2/AN2
PB1/AN1
PB0/AN0
Figure 9.6 Port B Pin Configuration
Port B has the following register.
• Port data register B (PDRB)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 115 of 354
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Section 9 I/O Ports
9.6.1
Port Data Register B (PDRB)
PDRB is a general input-only port data register of port B.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7 to 4



Reserved
3
PB3

R
2
PB2

R
The input value of each pin is read by reading this
register.
1
PB1

R
0
PB0

R
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 116 of 354
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However, if a port B pin is designated as an analog input
channel by ADCSR in A/D converter, 0 is read.
Section 10 Timer V
Section 10 Timer V
Timer V is an 8-bit timer based on an 8-bit counter. Timer V counts external events. Comparematch signals with two registers can also be used to reset the counter, request an interrupt, or
output a pulse signal with an arbitrary duty cycle. Counting can be initiated by a trigger input at
the TRGV pin, enabling pulse output control to be synchronized to the trigger, with an arbitrary
delay from the trigger input. Figure 10.1 shows a block diagram of timer V.
10.1
Features
• Choice of seven clock signals is available.
Choice of six internal clock sources (φ/128, φ/64, φ/32, φ/16, φ/8, φ/4) or an external clock.
• Counter can be cleared by compare match A or B, or by an external reset signal. If the count
stop function is selected, the counter can be halted when cleared.
• Timer output is controlled by two independent compare match signals, enabling pulse output
with an arbitrary duty cycle, PWM output, and other applications.
• Three interrupt sources: compare match A, compare match B, timer overflow
• Counting can be initiated by trigger input at the TRGV pin. The rising edge, falling edge, or
both edges of the TRGV input can be selected.
TIM08V0A_000120030300
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Section 10 Timer V
TCRV1
TCORB
Trigger
control
TRGV
Comparator
TCNTV
Internal data bus
Clock select
TMCIV
Comparator
ø
PSS
TCORA
TMRIV
Clear
control
TCRV0
Interrupt
request
control
TMOV
Legend:
TCORA:
TCORB:
TCNTV:
TCSRV:
TCRV0:
TCRV1:
PSS:
CMIA:
CMIB:
OVI:
Output
control
TCSRV
Time constant register A
Time constant register B
Timer counter V
Timer control/status register V
Timer control register V0
Timer control register V1
Prescaler S
Compare-match interrupt A
Compare-match interrupt B
Overflow interupt
Figure 10.1 Block Diagram of Timer V
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CMIA
CMIB
OVI
Section 10 Timer V
10.2
Input/Output Pins
Table 10.1 shows the timer V pin configuration.
Table 10.1 Pin Configuration
Name
Abbreviation I/O
Function
Timer V output
TMOV
Output
Timer V waveform output
Timer V clock input
TMCIV
Input
Clock input to TCNTV
Timer V reset input
TMRIV
Input
External input to reset TCNTV
Trigger input
TRGV
Input
Trigger input to initiate counting
10.3
Register Descriptions
Time V has the following registers.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Timer counter V (TCNTV)
Timer constant register A (TCORA)
Timer constant register B (TCORB)
Timer control register V0 (TCRV0)
Timer control/status register V (TCSRV)
Timer control register V1 (TCRV1)
10.3.1
Timer Counter V (TCNTV)
TCNTV is an 8-bit up-counter. The clock source is selected by bits CKS2 to CKS0 in timer
control register V0 (TCRV0). The TCNTV value can be read and written by the CPU at any time.
TCNTV can be cleared by an external reset input signal, or by compare match A or B. The
clearing signal is selected by bits CCLR1 and CCLR0 in TCRV0.
When TCNTV overflows, OVF is set to 1 in timer control/status register V (TCSRV).
TCNTV is initialized to H'00.
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Section 10 Timer V
10.3.2
Time Constant Registers A and B (TCORA, TCORB)
TCORA and TCORB have the same function.
TCORA and TCORB are 8-bit read/write registers.
TCORA and TCNTV are compared at all times. When the TCORA and TCNTV contents match,
CMFA is set to 1 in TCSRV. If CMIEA is also set to 1 in TCRV0, a CPU interrupt is requested.
Note that they must not be compared during the T3 state of a TCORA write cycle.
Timer output from the TMOV pin can be controlled by the identifying signal (compare match A)
and the settings of bits OS3 to OS0 in TCSRV.
TCORA and TCORB are initialized to H'FF.
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Section 10 Timer V
10.3.3
Timer Control Register V0 (TCRV0)
TCRV0 selects the input clock signals of TCNTV, specifies the clearing conditions of TCNTV,
and controls each interrupt request.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
CMIEB
0
R/W
Compare Match Interrupt Enable B
When this bit is set to 1, interrupt request from the CMFB
bit in TCSRV is enabled.
6
CMIEA
0
R/W
Compare Match Interrupt Enable A
When this bit is set to 1, interrupt request from the CMFA
bit in TCSRV is enabled.
5
OVIE
0
R/W
Timer Overflow Interrupt Enable
When this bit is set to 1, interrupt request from the OVF
bit in TCSRV is enabled.
4
CCLR1
0
R/W
Counter Clear 1 and 0
3
CCLR0
0
R/W
These bits specify the clearing conditions of TCNTV.
00: Clearing is disabled
01: Cleared by compare match A
10: Cleared by compare match B
11: Cleared on the rising edge of the TMRIV pin. The
operation of TCNTV after clearing depends on TRGE
in TCRV1.
2
CKS2
0
R/W
Clock Select 2 to 0
1
CKS1
0
R/W
0
CKS0
0
R/W
These bits select clock signals to input to TCNTV and the
counting condition in combination with ICKS0 in TCRV1.
Refer to table 10.2.
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Section 10 Timer V
Table 10.2 Clock Signals to Input to TCNTV and Counting Conditions
TCRV0
TCRV1
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Bit 0
CKS2
CKS1
CKS0
ICKS0
Description
0
0
0

Clock input prohibited
1
0
Internal clock: counts on φ/4, falling edge
1
Internal clock: counts on φ/8, falling edge
0
Internal clock: counts on φ/16, falling edge
1
Internal clock: counts on φ/32, falling edge
0
Internal clock: counts on φ/64, falling edge
1
Internal clock: counts on φ/128, falling edge
0

Clock input prohibited
1

External clock: counts on rising edge
0

External clock: counts on falling edge
1

External clock: counts on rising and falling
edge
1
0
1
1
0
1
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Section 10 Timer V
10.3.4
Timer Control/Status Register V (TCSRV)
TCSRV indicates the status flag and controls outputs by using a compare match.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
CMFB
0
R/W
Compare Match Flag B
Setting condition:
When the TCNTV value matches the TCORB value
Clearing condition:
After reading CMFB = 1, cleared by writing 0 to CMFB
6
CMFA
0
R/W
Compare Match Flag A
Setting condition:
When the TCNTV value matches the TCORA value
Clearing condition:
After reading CMFA = 1, cleared by writing 0 to CMFA
5
OVF
0
R/W
Timer Overflow Flag
Setting condition:
When TCNTV overflows from H'FF to H'00
Clearing condition:
After reading OVF = 1, cleared by writing 0 to OVF
4

1

Reserved
This bit is always read as 1.
3
OS3
0
R/W
Output Select 3 and 2
2
OS2
0
R/W
These bits select an output method for the TMOV pin by
the compare match of TCORB and TCNTV.
00: No change
01: 0 output
10: 1 output
11: Output toggles
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Section 10 Timer V
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
1
OS1
0
R/W
Output Select 1 and 0
0
OS0
0
R/W
These bits select an output method for the TMOV pin by
the compare match of TCORA and TCNTV.
00: No change
01: 0 output
10: 1 output
11: Output toggles
OS3 and OS2 select the output level for compare match B. OS1 and OS0 select the output level
for compare match A. The two output levels can be controlled independently. After a reset, the
timer output is 0 until the first compare match.
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Section 10 Timer V
10.3.5
Timer Control Register V1 (TCRV1)
TCRV1 selects the edge at the TRGV pin, enables TRGV input, and selects the clock input to
TCNTV.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7 to 5

All 1

Reserved
4
TVEG1
0
R/W
TRGV Input Edge Select
3
TVEG0
0
R/W
These bits select the TRGV input edge.
These bits are always read as 1.
00: TRGV trigger input is prohibited
01: Rising edge is selected
10: Falling edge is selected
11: Rising and falling edges are both selected
2
TRGE
0
R/W
TCNT starts counting up by the input of the edge which is
selected by TVEG1 and TVEG0.
0: Disables starting counting-up TCNTV by the input of
the TRGV pin and halting counting-up TCNTV when
TCNTV is cleared by a compare match.
1: Enables starting counting-up TCNTV by the input of
the TRGV pin and halting counting-up TCNTV when
TCNTV is cleared by a compare match.
1

1

Reserved
This bit is always read as 1.
0
ICKS0
0
R/W
Internal Clock Select 0
This bit selects clock signals to input to TCNTV in
combination with CKS2 to CKS0 in TCRV0.
Refer to table 10.2.
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Section 10 Timer V
10.4
Operation
10.4.1
Timer V Operation
1. According to table 10.2, six internal/external clock signals output by prescaler S can be
selected as the timer V operating clock signals. When the operating clock signal is selected,
TCNTV starts counting-up. Figure 10.2 shows the count timing with an internal clock signal
selected, and figure 10.3 shows the count timing with both edges of an external clock signal
selected.
2. When TCNTV overflows (changes from H'FF to H'00), the overflow flag (OVF) in TCRV0
will be set. The timing at this time is shown in figure 10.4. An interrupt request is sent to the
CPU when OVIE in TCRV0 is 1.
3. TCNTV is constantly compared with TCORA and TCORB. Compare match flag A or B
(CMFA or CMFB) is set to 1 when TCNTV matches TCORA or TCORB, respectively. The
compare-match signal is generated in the last state in which the values match. Figure 10.5
shows the timing. An interrupt request is generated for the CPU when CMIEA or CMIEB in
TCRV0 is 1.
4. When a compare match A or B is generated, the TMOV responds with the output value
selected by bits OS3 to OS0 in TCSRV. Figure 10.6 shows the timing when the output is
toggled by compare match A.
5. When CCLR1 or CCLR0 in TCRV0 is 01 or 10, TCNTV can be cleared by the corresponding
compare match. Figure 10.7 shows the timing.
6. When CCLR1 or CCLR0 in TCRV0 is 11, TCNTV can be cleared by the rising edge of the
input of TMRIV pin. A TMRIV input pulse-width of at least 1.5 system clocks is necessary.
Figure 10.8 shows the timing.
7. When a counter-clearing source is generated with TRGE in TCRV1 set to 1, the counting-up is
halted as soon as TCNTV is cleared. TCNTV resumes counting-up when the edge selected by
TVEG1 or TVEG0 in TCRV1 is input from the TGRV pin.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 126 of 354
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Section 10 Timer V
ø
Internal clock
TCNTV input
clock
TCNTV
N–1
N
N+1
Figure 10.2 Increment Timing with Internal Clock
ø
TMCIV
(External clock
input pin)
TCNTV input
clock
TCNTV
N–1
N
N+1
Figure 10.3 Increment Timing with External Clock
ø
TCNTV
H'FF
H'00
Overflow signal
OVF
Figure 10.4 OVF Set Timing
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Section 10 Timer V
ø
TCNTV
N
TCORA or
TCORB
N
N+1
Compare match
signal
CMFA or
CMFB
Figure 10.5 CMFA and CMFB Set Timing
ø
Compare match
A signal
Timer V output
pin
Figure 10.6 TMOV Output Timing
ø
Compare match
A signal
TCNTV
N
H'00
Figure 10.7 Clear Timing by Compare Match
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Section 10 Timer V
ø
TMRIV(External
counter reset
input pin )
TCNTV reset
signal
TCNTV
N–1
N
H'00
Figure 10.8 Clear Timing by TMRIV Input
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Section 10 Timer V
10.5
Timer V Application Examples
10.5.1
Pulse Output with Arbitrary Duty Cycle
Figure 10.9 shows an example of output of pulses with an arbitrary duty cycle.
1. Set bits CCLR1 and CCLR0 in TCRV0 so that TCNTV will be cleared by compare match with
TCORA.
2. Set bits OS3 to OS0 in TCSRV so that the output will go to 1 at compare match with TCORA
and to 0 at compare match with TCORB.
3. Set bits CKS2 to CKS0 in TCRV0 and bit ICKS0 in TCRV1 to select the desired clock source.
4. With these settings, a waveform is output without further software intervention, with a period
determined by TCORA and a pulse width determined by TCORB.
TCNTV value
H'FF
Counter cleared
TCORA
TCORB
H'00
Time
TMOV
Figure 10.9 Pulse Output Example
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Section 10 Timer V
10.5.2
Pulse Output with Arbitrary Pulse Width and Delay from TRGV Input
The trigger function can be used to output a pulse with an arbitrary pulse width at an arbitrary
delay from the TRGV input, as shown in figure 10.10. To set up this output:
1. Set bits CCLR1 and CCLR0 in TCRV0 so that TCNTV will be cleared by compare match with
TCORB.
2. Set bits OS3 to OS0 in TCSRV so that the output will go to 1 at compare match with TCORA
and to 0 at compare match with TCORB.
3. Set bits TVEG1 and TVEG0 in TCRV1 and set TRGE to select the falling edge of the TRGV
input.
4. Set bits CKS2 to CKS0 in TCRV0 and bit ICKS0 in TCRV1 to select the desired clock source.
5. After these settings, a pulse waveform will be output without further software intervention,
with a delay determined by TCORA from the TRGV input, and a pulse width determined by
(TCORB – TCORA).
TCNTV value
H'FF
Counter cleared
TCORB
TCORA
H'00
Time
TRGV
TMOV
Compare match A
Compare match B
clears TCNTV and
halts count-up
Compare match A
Compare match B
clears TCNTV and
halts count-up
Figure 10.10 Example of Pulse Output Synchronized to TRGV Input
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Section 10 Timer V
10.6
Usage Notes
The following types of contention or operation can occur in timer V operation.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Writing to registers is performed in the T3 state of a TCNTV write cycle. If a TCNTV clear
signal is generated in the T3 state of a TCNTV write cycle, as shown in figure 10.11, clearing
takes precedence and the write to the counter is not carried out. If counting-up is generated in
the T3 state of a TCNTV write cycle, writing takes precedence.
If a compare match is generated in the T3 state of a TCORA or TCORB write cycle, the write
to TCORA or TCORB takes precedence and the compare match signal is inhibited. Figure
10.12 shows the timing.
If compare matches A and B occur simultaneously, any conflict between the output selections
for compare match A and compare match B is resolved by the following priority: toggle
output > output 1 > output 0.
Depending on the timing, TCNTV may be incremented by a switch between different internal
clock sources. When TCNTV is internally clocked, an increment pulse is generated from the
falling edge of an internal clock signal, that is divided system clock (φ). Therefore, as shown
in figure 10.3 the switch is from a high clock signal to a low clock signal, the switchover is
seen as a falling edge, causing TCNTV to increment. TCNTV can also be incremented by a
switch between internal and external clocks.
TCNTV write cycle by CPU
T2
T1
T3
ø
Address
TCNTV address
Internal write signal
Counter clear signal
TCNTV
N
H'00
Figure 10.11 Contention between TCNTV Write and Clear
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Section 10 Timer V
TCORA write cycle by CPU
T2
T1
T3
ø
Address
TCORA address
Internal write signal
TCNTV
N
N+1
TCORA
N
M
TCORA write data
Compare match signal
Inhibited
Figure 10.12 Contention between TCORA Write and Compare Match
Clock before
switching
Clock after
switching
Count clock
TCNTV
N
N+1
N+2
Write to CKS1 and CKS0
Figure 10.13 Internal Clock Switching and TCNTV Operation
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Section 10 Timer V
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Section 11 Timer W
Section 11 Timer W
The timer W has a 16-bit timer having output compare and input capture functions. The timer W
can count external events and output pulses with an arbitrary duty cycle by compare match
between the timer counter and four general registers. Thus, it can be applied to various systems.
11.1
Features
• Selection of five counter clock sources: four internal clocks (φ, φ/2, φ/4, and φ/8) and an
external clock (external events can be counted)
• Capability to process up to four pulse outputs or four pulse inputs
• Four general registers:
 Independently assignable output compare or input capture functions
 Usable as two pairs of registers; one register of each pair operates as a buffer for the output
compare or input capture register
• Four selectable operating modes :
 Waveform output by compare match
Selection of 0 output, 1 output, or toggle output
 Input capture function
Rising edge, falling edge, or both edges
 Counter clearing function
Counters can be cleared by compare match
 PWM mode
Up to three-phase PWM output can be provided with desired duty ratio.
• Any initial timer output value can be set
• Five interrupt sources
Four compare match/input capture interrupts and an overflow interrupt.
Table 11.1 summarizes the timer W functions, and figure 11.1 shows a block diagram of the timer
W.
TIM08W0A_000020020200
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Section 11 Timer W
Table 11.1 Timer W Functions
Input/Output Pins
Item
Counter
FTIOC
FTIOD
Count clock
Internal clocks: φ, φ/2, φ/4, φ/8
External clock: FTCI
General registers
(output compare/input
capture registers)
Period
GRA
specified in
GRA
GRB
GRC (buffer
register for
GRA in
buffer mode)
GRD (buffer
register for
GRB in
buffer mode)
Counter clearing function
GRA
compare
match
GRA
compare
match
—
—
—
Initial output value
setting function
—
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Buffer function
—
Yes
Yes
—
—
0
—
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
1
—
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Toggle
—
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Input capture function
—
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
PWM mode
—
—
Yes
Yes
Yes
Interrupt sources
Overflow
Compare
match/input
capture
Compare
match/input
capture
Compare
match/input
capture
Compare
match/input
capture
Compare
match output
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 136 of 354
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FTIOA
FTIOB
Section 11 Timer W
Internal clock: ø
ø/2
ø/4
ø/8
External clock: FTCI
FTIOA
Clock
selector
FTIOB
FTIOC
Control logic
FTIOD
Comparator
TIOR
TSRW
TIERW
TCRW
TMRW
GRD
GRC
GRB
Bus interface
Legend:
TMRW:
TCRW:
TIERW:
TSRW:
TIOR:
TCNT:
GRA:
GRB:
GRC:
GRD:
IRRTW:
GRA
TCNT
IRRTW
Internal
data bus
Timer mode register W (8 bits)
Timer control register W (8 bits)
Timer interrupt enable register W (8 bits)
Timer status register W (8 bits)
Timer I/O control register (8 bits)
Timer counter (16 bits)
General register A (input capture/output compare register: 16 bits)
General register B (input capture/output compare register: 16 bits)
General register C (input capture/output compare register: 16 bits)
General register D (input capture/output compare register: 16 bits)
Timer W interrupt request
Figure 11.1 Timer W Block Diagram
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Section 11 Timer W
11.2
Input/Output Pins
Table 11.2 summarizes the timer W pins.
Table 11.2 Pin Configuration
Name
Abbreviation
Input/Output
Function
External clock input
FTCI
Input
External clock input pin
Input capture/output
compare A
FTIOA
Input/output
Output pin for GRA output compare
or input pin for GRA input capture
Input capture/output
compare B
FTIOB
Input/output
Output pin for GRB output compare,
input pin for GRB input capture, or
PWM output pin in PWM mode
Input capture/output
compare C
FTIOC
Input/output
Output pin for GRC output compare,
input pin for GRC input capture, or
PWM output pin in PWM mode
Input capture/output
compare D
FTIOD
Input/output
Output pin for GRD output compare,
input pin for GRD input capture, or
PWM output pin in PWM mode
11.3
Register Descriptions
The timer W has the following registers.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Timer mode register W (TMRW)
Timer control register W (TCRW)
Timer interrupt enable register W (TIERW)
Timer status register W (TSRW)
Timer I/O control register 0 (TIOR0)
Timer I/O control register 1 (TIOR1)
Timer counter (TCNT)
General register A (GRA)
General register B (GRB)
General register C (GRC)
General register D (GRD)
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Section 11 Timer W
11.3.1
Timer Mode Register W (TMRW)
TMRW selects the general register functions and the timer output mode.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
CTS
0
R/W
Counter Start
The counter operation is halted when this bit is 0, while it
can be performed when this bit is 1.
6

1

Reserved
This bit is always read as 1.
5
BUFEB
0
R/W
Buffer Operation B
Selects the GRD function.
0: GRD operates as an input capture/output compare
register
1: GRD operates as the buffer register for GRB
4
BUFEA
0
R/W
Buffer Operation A
Selects the GRC function.
0: GRC operates as an input capture/output compare
register
1: GRC operates as the buffer register for GRA
3

1

Reserved
This bit is always read as 1.
2
PWMD
0
R/W
PWM Mode D
Selects the output mode of the FTIOD pin.
0: FTIOD operates normally (output compare output)
1: PWM output
1
PWMC
0
R/W
PWM Mode C
Selects the output mode of the FTIOC pin.
0: FTIOC operates normally (output compare output)
1: PWM output
0
PWMB
0
R/W
PWM Mode B
Selects the output mode of the FTIOB pin.
0: FTIOB operates normally (output compare output)
1: PWM output
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Section 11 Timer W
11.3.2
Timer Control Register W (TCRW)
TCRW selects the timer counter clock source, selects a clearing condition, and specifies the timer
output levels.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
CCLR
0
R/W
Counter Clear
The TCNT value is cleared by compare match A when
this bit is 1. When it is 0, TCNT operates as a freerunning counter.
6
CKS2
0
R/W
Clock Select 2 to 0
5
CKS1
0
R/W
Select the TCNT clock source.
4
CKS0
0
R/W
000: Internal clock: counts on φ
001: Internal clock: counts on φ/2
010: Internal clock: counts on φ/4
011: Internal clock: counts on φ/8
1XX: Counts on rising edges of the external event (FTCI)
When the internal clock source (φ) is selected, subclock
sources are counted in subactive and subsleep modes.
3
TOD
0
R/W
Timer Output Level Setting D
Sets the output value of the FTIOD pin until the first
compare match D is generated.
0: Output value is 0*
1: Output value is 1*
2
TOC
0
R/W
Timer Output Level Setting C
Sets the output value of the FTIOC pin until the first
compare match C is generated.
0: Output value is 0*
1: Output value is 1*
1
TOB
0
R/W
Timer Output Level Setting B
Sets the output value of the FTIOB pin until the first
compare match B is generated.
0: Output value is 0*
1: Output value is 1*
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Section 11 Timer W
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
0
TOA
0
R/W
Timer Output Level Setting A
Sets the output value of the FTIOA pin until the first
compare match A is generated.
0: Output value is 0*
1: Output value is 1*
Legend X: Don't care.
Note: * The change of the setting is immediately reflected in the output value.
11.3.3
Timer Interrupt Enable Register W (TIERW)
TIERW controls the timer W interrupt request.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
OVIE
0
R/W
Timer Overflow Interrupt Enable
When this bit is set to 1, FOVI interrupt requested by OVF
flag in TSRW is enabled.
6 to 4

All 1

Reserved
These bits are always read as 1.
3
IMIED
0
R/W
Input Capture/Compare Match Interrupt Enable D
When this bit is set to 1, IMID interrupt requested by
IMFD flag in TSRW is enabled.
2
IMIEC
0
R/W
Input Capture/Compare Match Interrupt Enable C
When this bit is set to 1, IMIC interrupt requested by
IMFC flag in TSRW is enabled.
1
IMIEB
0
R/W
Input Capture/Compare Match Interrupt Enable B
When this bit is set to 1, IMIB interrupt requested by
IMFB flag in TSRW is enabled.
0
IMIEA
0
R/W
Input Capture/Compare Match Interrupt Enable A
When this bit is set to 1, IMIA interrupt requested by
IMFA flag in TSRW is enabled.
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Section 11 Timer W
11.3.4
Timer Status Register W (TSRW)
TSRW shows the status of interrupt requests.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
OVF
0
R/W
Timer Overflow Flag
[Setting condition]
When TCNT overflows from H'FFFF to H'0000
[Clearing condition]
Read OVF when OVF = 1, then write 0 in OVF
6 to 4

All 1

Reserved
These bits are always read as 1.
3
IMFD
0
R/W
Input Capture/Compare Match Flag D
[Setting conditions]
•
TCNT = GRD when GRD functions as an output
compare register
•
The TCNT value is transferred to GRD by an input
capture signal when GRD functions as an input
capture register
[Clearing condition]
Read IMFD when IMFD = 1, then write 0 in IMFD
2
IMFC
0
R/W
Input Capture/Compare Match Flag C
[Setting conditions]
•
TCNT = GRC when GRC functions as an output
compare register
•
The TCNT value is transferred to GRC by an input
capture signal when GRC functions as an input
capture register
[Clearing condition]
Read IMFC when IMFC = 1, then write 0 in IMFC
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Section 11 Timer W
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
1
IMFB
0
R/W
Input Capture/Compare Match Flag B
[Setting conditions]
•
TCNT = GRB when GRB functions as an output
compare register
•
The TCNT value is transferred to GRB by an input
capture signal when GRB functions as an input
capture register
[Clearing condition]
Read IMFB when IMFB = 1, then write 0 in IMFB
0
IMFA
0
R/W
Input Capture/Compare Match Flag A
[Setting conditions]
•
TCNT = GRA when GRA functions as an output
compare register
•
The TCNT value is transferred to GRA by an input
capture signal when GRA functions as an input
capture register
[Clearing condition]
Read IMFA when IMFA = 1, then write 0 in IMFA
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Section 11 Timer W
11.3.5
Timer I/O Control Register 0 (TIOR0)
TIOR0 selects the functions of GRA and GRB, and specifies the functions of the FTIOA and
FTIOB pins.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7

1

Reserved
This bit is always read as 1.
6
IOB2
0
R/W
I/O Control B2
Selects the GRB function.
0: GRB functions as an output compare register
1: GRB functions as an input capture register
5
IOB1
0
R/W
I/O Control B1 and B0
4
IOB0
0
R/W
When IOB2 = 0,
00: No output at compare match
01: 0 output to the FTIOB pin at GRB compare match
10: 1 output to the FTIOB pin at GRB compare match
11: Output toggles to the FTIOB pin at GRB compare
match
When IOB2 = 1,
00: Input capture at rising edge at the FTIOB pin
01: Input capture at falling edge at the FTIOB pin
1X: Input capture at rising and falling edges of the FTIOB
pin
3

1

Reserved
This bit is always read as 1.
2
IOA2
0
R/W
I/O Control A2
Selects the GRA function.
0: GRA functions as an output compare register
1: GRA functions as an input capture register
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Section 11 Timer W
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
1
IOA1
0
R/W
I/O Control A1 and A0
0
IOA0
0
R/W
When IOA2 = 0,
00: No output at compare match
01: 0 output to the FTIOA pin at GRA compare match
10: 1 output to the FTIOA pin at GRA compare match
11: Output toggles to the FTIOA pin at GRA compare
match
When IOA2 = 1,
00: Input capture at rising edge of the FTIOA pin
01: Input capture at falling edge of the FTIOA pin
1X: Input capture at rising and falling edges of the FTIOA
pin
Legend X: Don't care.
11.3.6
Timer I/O Control Register 1 (TIOR1)
TIOR1 selects the functions of GRC and GRD, and specifies the functions of the FTIOC and
FTIOD pins.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7

1

Reserved
6
IOD2
0
R/W
This bit is always read as 1.
I/O Control D2
Selects the GRD function.
0: GRD functions as an output compare register
1: GRD functions as an input capture register
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Section 11 Timer W
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
5
IOD1
0
R/W
I/O Control D1 and D0
4
IOD0
0
R/W
When IOD2 = 0,
00: No output at compare match
01: 0 output to the FTIOD pin at GRD compare match
10: 1 output to the FTIOD pin at GRD compare match
11: Output toggles to the FTIOD pin at GRD compare
match
When IOD2 = 1,
00: Input capture at rising edge at the FTIOD pin
01: Input capture at falling edge at the FTIOD pin
1X: Input capture at rising and falling edges at the FTIOD
pin
3

1

Reserved
This bit is always read as 1.
2
IOC2
0
R/W
I/O Control C2
Selects the GRC function.
0: GRC functions as an output compare register
1: GRC functions as an input capture register
1
IOC1
0
R/W
I/O Control C1 and C0
0
IOC0
0
R/W
When IOC2 = 0,
00: No output at compare match
01: 0 output to the FTIOC pin at GRC compare match
10: 1 output to the FTIOC pin at GRC compare match
11: Output toggles to the FTIOC pin at GRC compare
match
When IOC2 = 1,
00: Input capture to GRC at rising edge of the FTIOC pin
01: Input capture to GRC at falling edge of the FTIOC pin
1X: Input capture to GRC at rising and falling edges of
the FTIOC pin
Legend X: Don't care.
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Section 11 Timer W
11.3.7
Timer Counter (TCNT)
TCNT is a 16-bit readable/writable up-counter. The clock source is selected by bits CKS2 to
CKS0 in TCRW. TCNT can be cleared to H'0000 through a compare match with GRA by setting
the CCLR in TCRW to 1. When TCNT overflows (changes from H'FFFF to H'0000), the OVF
flag in TSRW is set to 1. If OVIE in TIERW is set to 1 at this time, an interrupt request is
generated. TCNT must always be read or written in 16-bit units; 8-bit access is not allowed.
TCNT is initialized to H'0000 by a reset.
11.3.8
General Registers A to D (GRA to GRD)
Each general register is a 16-bit readable/writable register that can function as either an outputcompare register or an input-capture register. The function is selected by settings in TIOR0 and
TIOR1.
When a general register is used as an input-compare register, its value is constantly compared with
the TCNT value. When the two values match (a compare match), the corresponding flag (IMFA,
IMFB, IMFC, or IMFD) in TSRW is set to 1. An interrupt request is generated at this time, when
IMIEA, IMIEB, IMIEC, or IMIED is set to 1. Compare match output can be selected in TIOR.
When a general register is used as an input-capture register, an external input-capture signal is
detected and the current TCNT value is stored in the general register. The corresponding flag
(IMFA, IMFB, IMFC, or IMFD) in TSRW is set to 1. If the corresponding interrupt-enable bit
(IMIEA, IMIEB, IMIEC, or IMIED) in TSRW is set to 1 at this time, an interrupt request is
generated. The edge of the input-capture signal is selected in TIOR.
GRC and GRD can be used as buffer registers of GRA and GRB, respectively, by setting BUFEA
and BUFEB in TMRW.
For example, when GRA is set as an output-compare register and GRC is set as the buffer register
for GRA, the value in the buffer register GRC is sent to GRA whenever compare match A is
generated.
When GRA is set as an input-capture register and GRC is set as the buffer register for GRA, the
value in TCNT is transferred to GRA and the value in the buffer register GRC is transferred to
GRA whenever an input capture is generated.
GRA to GRD must be written or read in 16-bit units; 8-bit access is not allowed. GRA to GRD are
initialized to H'FFFF by a reset.
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Section 11 Timer W
11.4
Operation
The timer W has the following operating modes.
• Normal Operation
• PWM Operation
11.4.1
Normal Operation
TCNT performs free-running or periodic counting operations. After a reset, TCNT is set as a freerunning counter. When the CTS bit in TMRW is set to 1, TCNT starts incrementing the count.
When the count overflows from H'FFFF to H'0000, the OVF flag in TSRW is set to 1. If the OVIE
in TIERW is set to 1, an interrupt request is generated. Figure 11.2 shows free-running counting.
TCNT value
H'FFFF
H'0000
Time
CTS bit
Flag cleared
by software
OVF
Figure 11.2 Free-Running Counter Operation
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Section 11 Timer W
Periodic counting operation can be performed when GRA is set as an output compare register and
bit CCLR in TCRW is set to 1. When the count matches GRA, TCNT is cleared to H'0000, the
IMFA flag in TSRW is set to 1. If the corresponding IMIEA bit in TIERW is set to 1, an interrupt
request is generated. TCNT continues counting from H'0000. Figure 11.3 shows periodic
counting.
TCNT value
GRA
H'0000
Time
CTS bit
Flag cleared
by software
IMFA
Figure 11.3 Periodic Counter Operation
By setting a general register as an output compare register, compare match A, B, C, or D can cause
the output at the FTIOA, FTIOB, FTIOC, or FTIOD pin to output 0, output 1, or toggle. Figure
11.4 shows an example of 0 and 1 output when TCNT operates as a free-running counter, 1 output
is selected for compare match A, and 0 output is selected for compare match B. When signal is
already at the selected output level, the signal level does not change at compare match.
TCNT value
H'FFFF
GRA
GRB
Time
H'0000
FTIOA
FTIOB
No change
No change
No change
No change
Figure 11.4 0 and 1 Output Example (TOA = 0, TOB = 1)
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Section 11 Timer W
Figure 11.5 shows an example of toggle output when TCNT operates as a free-running counter,
and toggle output is selected for both compare match A and B.
TCNT value
H'FFFF
GRA
GRB
Time
H'0000
FTIOA
Toggle output
FTIOB
Toggle output
Figure 11.5 Toggle Output Example (TOA = 0, TOB = 1)
Figure 11.6 shows another example of toggle output when TCNT operates as a periodic counter,
cleared by compare match A. Toggle output is selected for both compare match A and B.
TCNT value
Counter cleared by compare match with GRA
H'FFFF
GRA
GRB
H'0000
Time
FTIOA
Toggle
output
FTIOB
Toggle
output
Figure 11.6 Toggle Output Example (TOA = 0, TOB = 1)
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Section 11 Timer W
The TCNT value can be captured into a general register (GRA, GRB, GRC, or GRD) when a
signal level changes at an input-capture pin (FTIOA, FTIOB, FTIOC, or FTIOD). Capture can
take place on the rising edge, falling edge, or both edges. By using the input-capture function, the
pulse width and periods can be measured. Figure 11.7 shows an example of input capture when
both edges of FTIOA and the falling edge of FTIOB are selected as capture edges. TCNT operates
as a free-running counter.
TCNT value
H'FFFF
H'F000
H'AA55
H'55AA
H'1000
H'0000
Time
FTIOA
GRA
H'1000
H'F000
H'55AA
FTIOB
GRB
H'AA55
Figure 11.7 Input Capture Operating Example
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Section 11 Timer W
Figure 11.8 shows an example of buffer operation when the GRA is set as an input-capture
register and GRC is set as the buffer register for GRA. TCNT operates as a free-running counter,
and FTIOA captures both rising and falling edge of the input signal. Due to the buffer operation,
the GRA value is transferred to GRC by input-capture A and the TCNT value is stored in GRA.
TCNT value
H'FFFF
H'DA91
H'5480
H'0245
H'0000
Time
FTIOA
GRA
H'0245
GRC
H'5480
H'DA91
H'0245
H'5480
Figure 11.8 Buffer Operation Example (Input Capture)
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Section 11 Timer W
11.4.2
PWM Operation
In PWM mode, PWM waveforms are generated by using GRA as the period register and GRB,
GRC, and GRD as duty registers. PWM waveforms are output from the FTIOB, FTIOC, and
FTIOD pins. Up to three-phase PWM waveforms can be output. In PWM mode, a general register
functions as an output compare register automatically. The output level of each pin depends on the
corresponding timer output level set bit (TOB, TOC, and TOD) in TCRW. When TOB is 1, the
FTIOB output goes to 1 at compare match A and to 0 at compare match B. When TOB is 0, the
FTIOB output goes to 0 at compare match A and to 1 at compare match B. Thus the compare
match output level settings in TIOR0 and TIOR1 are ignored for the output pin set to PWM mode.
If the same value is set in the cycle register and the duty register, the output does not change when
a compare match occurs.
Figure 11.9 shows an example of operation in PWM mode. The output signals go to 1 and TCNT
is cleared at compare match A, and the output signals go to 0 at compare match B, C, and D (TOB,
TOC, and TOD = 1: initial output values are set to 1).
TCNT value
Counter cleared by compare match A
GRA
GRB
GRC
GRD
H'0000
Time
FTIOB
FTIOC
FTIOD
Figure 11.9 PWM Mode Example (1)
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Section 11 Timer W
Figure 11.10 shows another example of operation in PWM mode. The output signals go to 0 and
TCNT is cleared at compare match A, and the output signals go to 1 at compare match B, C, and
D (TOB, TOC, and TOD = 0: initial output values are set to 1).
TCNT value
Counter cleared by compare match A
GRA
GRB
GRC
GRD
H'0000
Time
FTIOB
FTIOC
FTIOD
Figure 11.10 PWM Mode Example (2)
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Section 11 Timer W
Figure 11.11 shows an example of buffer operation when the FTIOB pin is set to PWM mode and
GRD is set as the buffer register for GRB. TCNT is cleared by compare match A, and FTIOB
outputs 1 at compare match B and 0 at compare match A.
Due to the buffer operation, the FTIOB output level changes and the value of buffer register GRD
is transferred to GRB whenever compare match B occurs. This procedure is repeated every time
compare match B occurs.
TCNT value
GRA
GRB
H'0520
H'0450
H'0200
Time
H'0000
GRD
GRB
H'0200
H'0450
H'0200
H'0520
H'0450
H'0520
FTIOB
Figure 11.11 Buffer Operation Example (Output Compare)
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Section 11 Timer W
Figures 11.12 and 11.13 show examples of the output of PWM waveforms with duty cycles of 0%
and 100%.
TCNT value
Write to GRB
GRA
GRB
Write to GRB
H'0000
Time
Duty 0%
FTIOB
TCNT value
Output does not change when cycle register
and duty register compare matches occur
simultaneously.
Write to GRB
GRA
Write to GRB
Write to GRB
GRB
H'0000
Time
Duty 100%
FTIOB
TCNT value
Output does not change when cycle register
and duty register compare matches occur
simultaneously.
Write to GRB
GRA
Write to GRB
Write to GRB
GRB
H'0000
Time
Duty 100%
FTIOB
Duty 0%
Figure 11.12 PWM Mode Example
(TOB, TOC, and TOD = 0: initial output values are set to 0)
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Section 11 Timer W
TCNT value
Write to GRB
GRA
GRB
Write to GRB
H'0000
Time
Duty 100%
FTIOB
TCNT value
Output does not change when cycle register
and duty register compare matches occur
simultaneously.
Write to GRB
GRA
Write to GRB
Write to GRB
GRB
H'0000
Time
Duty 0%
FTIOB
TCNT value
Output does not change when cycle register
and duty register compare matches occur
simultaneously.
Write to GRB
GRA
Write to GRB
Write to GRB
GRB
H'0000
FTIOB
Time
Duty 0%
Duty 100%
Figure 11.13 PWM Mode Example
(TOB, TOC, and TOD = 1: initial output values are set to 1)
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Section 11 Timer W
11.5
Operation Timing
11.5.1
TCNT Count Timing
Figure 11.14 shows the TCNT count timing when the internal clock source is selected. Figure
11.15 shows the timing when the external clock source is selected. The pulse width of the external
clock signal must be at least two system clock (φ) cycles; shorter pulses will not be counted
correctly.
φ
Internal
clock
Rising edge
TCNT input
clock
TCNT
N
N+1
N+2
Figure 11.14 Count Timing for Internal Clock Source
φ
External
clock
Rising edge
Rising edge
TCNT input
clock
TCNT
N
N+1
Figure 11.15 Count Timing for External Clock Source
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N+2
Section 11 Timer W
11.5.2
Output Compare Output Timing
The compare match signal is generated in the last state in which TCNT and GR match (when
TCNT changes from the matching value to the next value). When the compare match signal is
generated, the output value selected in TIOR is output at the compare match output pin (FTIOA,
FTIOB, FTIOC, or FTIOD).
When TCNT matches GR, the compare match signal is generated only after the next counter clock
pulse is input.
Figure 11.16 shows the output compare timing.
φ
TCNT input
clock
TCNT
N
GRA to GRD
N
N+1
Compare
match signal
FTIOA to FTIOD
Figure 11.16 Output Compare Output Timing
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Section 11 Timer W
11.5.3
Input Capture Timing
Input capture on the rising edge, falling edge, or both edges can be selected through settings in
TIOR0 and TIOR1. Figure 11.17 shows the timing when the falling edge is selected. The pulse
width of the input capture signal must be at least two system clock (φ) cycles; shorter pulses will
not be detected correctly.
ø
Input capture
input
Input capture
signal
N–1
TCNT
N
N+1
N+2
N
GRA to GRD
Figure 11.17 Input Capture Input Signal Timing
11.5.4
Timing of Counter Clearing by Compare Match
Figure 11.18 shows the timing when the counter is cleared by compare match A. When the GRA
value is N, the counter counts from 0 to N, and its cycle is N + 1.
φ
Compare
match signal
TCNT
N
GRA
N
H'0000
Figure 11.18 Timing of Counter Clearing by Compare Match
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Section 11 Timer W
11.5.5
Buffer Operation Timing
Figures 11.19 and 11.20 show the buffer operation timing.
φ
Compare
match signal
TCNT
N
GRC, GRD
M
N+1
M
GRA, GRB
Figure 11.19 Buffer Operation Timing (Compare Match)
φ
Input capture
signal
TCNT
N
GRA, GRB
M
GRC, GRD
N+1
N
N+1
M
N
Figure 11.20 Buffer Operation Timing (Input Capture)
11.5.6
Timing of IMFA to IMFD Flag Setting at Compare Match
If a general register (GRA, GRB, GRC, or GRD) is used as an output compare register, the
corresponding IMFA, IMFB, IMFC, or IMFD flag is set to 1 when TCNT matches the general
register.
The compare match signal is generated in the last state in which the values match (when TCNT is
updated from the matching count to the next count). Therefore, when TCNT matches a general
register, the compare match signal is generated only after the next TCNT clock pulse is input.
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Section 11 Timer W
Figure 11.21 shows the timing of the IMFA to IMFD flag setting at compare match.
φ
TCNT input
clock
TCNT
N
GRA to GRD
N
N+1
Compare
match signal
IMFA to IMFD
IRRTW
Figure 11.21 Timing of IMFA to IMFD Flag Setting at Compare Match
11.5.7
Timing of IMFA to IMFD Setting at Input Capture
If a general register (GRA, GRB, GRC, or GRD) is used as an input capture register, the
corresponding IMFA, IMFB, IMFC, or IMFD flag is set to 1 when an input capture occurs. Figure
11.22 shows the timing of the IMFA to IMFD flag setting at input capture.
φ
Input capture
signal
TCNT
N
GRA to GRD
N
IMFA to IMFD
IRRTW
Figure 11.22 Timing of IMFA to IMFD Flag Setting at Input Capture
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Section 11 Timer W
11.5.8
Timing of Status Flag Clearing
When the CPU reads a status flag while it is set to 1, then writes 0 in the status flag, the status flag
is cleared. Figure 11.23 shows the status flag clearing timing.
TSRW write cycle
T1
T2
φ
TSRW address
Address
Write signal
IMFA to IMFD
IRRTW
Figure 11.23 Timing of Status Flag Clearing by CPU
11.6
Usage Notes
The following types of contention or operation can occur in timer W operation.
1. The pulse width of the input clock signal and the input capture signal must be at least two
system clock (φ) cycles; shorter pulses will not be detected correctly.
2. Writing to registers is performed in the T2 state of a TCNT write cycle.
If counter clear signal occurs in the T2 state of a TCNT write cycle, clearing of the counter
takes priority and the write is not performed, as shown in figure 11.24. If counting-up is
generated in the TCNT write cycle to contend with the TCNT counting-up, writing takes
precedence.
3. Depending on the timing, TCNT may be incremented by a switch between different internal
clock sources. When TCNT is internally clocked, an increment pulse is generated from the
rising edge of an internal clock signal, that is divided system clock (φ). Therefore, as shown in
figure 11.25 the switch is from a low clock signal to a high clock signal, the switchover is seen
as a rising edge, causing TCNT to increment.
4. If timer W enters module standby mode while an interrupt request is generated, the interrupt
request cannot be cleared. Before entering module standby mode, disable interrupt requests.
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Section 11 Timer W
TCNT write cycle
T2
T1
φ
TCNT address
Address
Write signal
Counter clear
signal
N
TCNT
H'0000
Figure 11.24 Contention between TCNT Write and Clear
Previous clock
New clock
Count clock
TCNT
N+1
N
N+2
N+3
The change in signal level at clock switching is
assumed to be a rising edge, and TCNT
increments the count.
Figure 11.25 Internal Clock Switching and TCNT Operation
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Section 11 Timer W
5. The TOA to TOD bits in TCRW decide the value of the FTIO pin, which is output until the
first compare match occurs. Once a compare match occurs and this compare match changes the
values of FTIOA to FTIOD output, the values of the FTIOA to FTIOD pin output and the
values read from the TOA to TOD bits may differ. Moreover, when the writing to TCRW and
the generation of the compare match A to D occur at the same timing, the writing to TCRW
has the priority. Thus, output change due to the compare match is not reflected to the FTIOA
to FTIOD pins. Therefore, when bit manipulation instruction is used to write to TCRW, the
values of the FTIOA to FTIOD pin output may result in an unexpected result. When TCRW is
to be written to while compare match is operating, stop the counter once before accessing to
TCRW, read the port 8 state to reflect the values of FTIOA to FTIOD output, to TOA to TOD,
and then restart the counter. Figure 11.26 shows an example when the compare match and the
bit manipulation instruction to TCRW occur at the same timing.
TCRW has been set to H'06. Compare match B and compare match C are used. The FTIOB pin is in the 1 output state,
and is set to the toggle output or the 0 output by compare match B.
When BCLR#2, @TCRW is executed to clear the TOC bit (the FTIOC signal is low) and compare match B occurs
at the same timing as shown below, the H'02 writing to TCRW has priority and compare match B does not drive the FTIOB signal low;
the FTIOB signal remains high.
Bit
TCRW
Set value
7
6
5
4
CCLR
0
CKS2
0
CKS1
0
CKS0
0
3
TOD
0
2
1
0
TOC
1
TOB
1
TOA
0
BCLR#2, @TCRW
(1) TCRW read operation: Read H'06
(2) Modify operation: Modify H'06 to H'02
(3) Write operation to TCRW: Write H'02
φ
TCRW
write signal
Compare match
signal B
FTIOB pin
Expected output
Remains high because the 1 writing to TOB has priority
Figure 11.26 When Compare Match and Bit Manipulation Instruction to TCRW
Occur at the Same Timing
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Section 11 Timer W
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Section 12 Watchdog Timer
Section 12 Watchdog Timer
The watchdog timer is an 8-bit timer that can generate an internal reset signal for this LSI if a
system crash prevents the CPU from writing to the timer counter, thus allowing it to overflow.
The block diagram of the watchdog timer is shown in figure 12.1.
ø
CLK
TCSRWD
PSS
TCWD
Internal data bus
Internal
oscillator
TMWD
Legend:
TCSRWD:
TCWD:
PSS:
TMWD:
Timer control/status register WD
Timer counter WD
Prescaler S
Timer mode register WD
Internal reset
signal
Figure 12.1 Block Diagram of Watchdog Timer
12.1
Features
• Selectable from nine counter input clocks.
Eight clock sources (φ/64, φ/128, φ/256, φ/512, φ/1024, φ/2048, φ/4096, and φ/8192) or the
internal oscillator can be selected as the timer-counter clock. When the internal oscillator is
selected, it can operate as the watchdog timer in any operating mode.
• Reset signal generated on counter overflow
An overflow period of 1 to 256 times the selected clock can be set.
WDT0110A_000020020200
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 167 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 12 Watchdog Timer
12.2
Register Descriptions
The watchdog timer has the following registers.
• Timer control/status register WD (TCSRWD)
• Timer counter WD (TCWD)
• Timer mode register WD (TMWD)
12.2.1
Timer Control/Status Register WD (TCSRWD)
TCSRWD performs the TCSRWD and TCWD write control. TCSRWD also controls the
watchdog timer operation and indicates the operating state. TCSRWD must be rewritten by using
the MOV instruction. The bit manipulation instruction cannot be used to change the setting value.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
B6WI
1
R/W
Bit 6 Write Inhibit
The TCWE bit can be written only when the write value of
the B6WI bit is 0.
This bit is always read as 1.
6
TCWE
0
R/W
Timer Counter WD Write Enable
TCWD can be written when the TCWE bit is set to 1.
When writing data to this bit, the value for bit 7 must be 0.
5
B4WI
1
R/W
Bit 4 Write Inhibit
The TCSRWE bit can be written only when the write
value of the B4WI bit is 0. This bit is always read as 1.
4
TCSRWE
0
R/W
Timer Control/Status Register WD Write Enable
The WDON and WRST bits can be written when the
TCSRWE bit is set to 1.
When writing data to this bit, the value for bit 5 must be 0.
3
B2WI
1
R/W
Bit 2 Write Inhibit
This bit can be written to the WDON bit only when the
write value of the B2WI bit is 0.
This bit is always read as 1.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 168 of 354
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Section 12 Watchdog Timer
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
2
WDON
0
R/W
Watchdog Timer On
TCWD starts counting up when WDON is set to 1 and
halts when WDON is cleared to 0.
[Setting condition]
When 1 is written to the WDON bit while writing 0 to the
B2WI bit when the TCSRWE bit=1
[Clearing condition]
1
B0WI
1
R/W
•
Reset by RES pin
•
When 0 is written to the WDON bit while writing 0 to
the B2WI when the TCSRWE bit=1
Bit 0 Write Inhibit
This bit can be written to the WRST bit only when the
write value of the B0WI bit is 0. This bit is always read as
1.
0
WRST
0
R/W
Watchdog Timer Reset
[Setting condition]
When TCWD overflows and an internal reset signal is
generated
[Clearing condition]
12.2.2
•
Reset by RES pin
•
When 0 is written to the WRST bit while writing 0 to
the B0WI bit when the TCSRWE bit=1
Timer Counter WD (TCWD)
TCWD is an 8-bit readable/writable up-counter. When TCWD overflows from H'FF to H'00, the
internal reset signal is generated and the WRST bit in TCSRWD is set to 1. TCWD is initialized to
H'00.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 169 of 354
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Section 12 Watchdog Timer
12.2.3
Timer Mode Register WD (TMWD)
TMWD selects the input clock.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7 to 4

All 1

Reserved
These bits are always read as 1.
3
CKS3
1
R/W
Clock Select 3 to 0
2
CKS2
1
R/W
Select the clock to be input to TCWD.
1
CKS1
1
R/W
1000: Internal clock: counts on φ/64
0
CKS0
1
R/W
1001: Internal clock: counts on φ/128
1010: Internal clock: counts on φ/256
1011: Internal clock: counts on φ/512
1100: Internal clock: counts on φ/1024
1101: Internal clock: counts on φ/2048
1110: Internal clock: counts on φ/4096
1111: Internal clock: counts on φ8192
0XXX: Internal oscillator
For the internal oscillator overflow periods, see section
18, Electrical Characteristics.
Legend X: Don't care.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 170 of 354
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Section 12 Watchdog Timer
12.3
Operation
The watchdog timer is provided with an 8-bit counter. If 1 is written to WDON while writing 0 to
B2WI when the TCSRWE bit in TCSRWD is set to 1, TCWD begins counting up. (To operate
the watchdog timer, two write accesses to TCSRWD are required.) When a clock pulse is input
after the TCWD count value has reached H'FF, the watchdog timer overflows and an internal reset
signal is generated. The internal reset signal is output for a period of 256 φosc clock cycles. TCWD
is a writable counter, and when a value is set in TCWD, the count-up starts from that value. An
overflow period in the range of 1 to 256 input clock cycles can therefore be set, according to the
TCWD set value.
Figure 12.2 shows an example of watchdog timer operation.
Example:
With 30ms overflow period when φ = 4 MHz
4 × 106
8192
× 30 × 10–3 = 14.6
Therefore, 256 – 15 = 241 (H'F1) is set in TCW.
TCWD overflow
H'FF
H'F1
TCWD
count value
H'00
Start
H'F1 written
to TCWD
H'F1 written to TCWD
Reset generated
Internal reset
signal
256 φosc clock cycles
Figure 12.2 Watchdog Timer Operation Example
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 171 of 354
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Section 12 Watchdog Timer
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 172 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
This LSI includes a serial communication interface 3 (SCI3). The SCI3 can handle both
asynchronous and clocked synchronous serial communication. In asynchronous mode, serial data
communication can be carried out using standard asynchronous communication chips such as a
Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter (UART) or an Asynchronous Communication
Interface Adapter (ACIA). A function is also provided for serial communication between
processors (multiprocessor communication function).
Table 13.1 shows the SCI3 channel configuration and figure 13.1 shows a block diagram of the
SCI3. Since pin functions are identical for each of the two channels (SCI3 and SCI3_2), separate
explanations are not given in this section.
13.1
Features
• Choice of asynchronous or clocked synchronous serial communication mode
• Full-duplex communication capability
The transmitter and receiver are mutually independent, enabling transmission and reception to
be executed simultaneously.
Double-buffering is used in both the transmitter and the receiver, enabling continuous
transmission and continuous reception of serial data.
• On-chip baud rate generator allows any bit rate to be selected
• External clock or on-chip baud rate generator can be selected as a transfer clock source.
• Six interrupt sources
Transmit-end, transmit-data-empty, receive-data-full, overrun error, framing error, and parity
error.
Asynchronous mode
•
•
•
•
•
Data length: 7 or 8 bits
Stop bit length: 1 or 2 bits
Parity: Even, odd, or none
Receive error detection: Parity, overrun, and framing errors
Break detection: Break can be detected by reading the RXD pin level directly in the case of a
framing error
SCI0010A_000120030300
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 173 of 354
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
Clocked synchronous mode
• Data length: 8 bits
• Receive error detection: Overrun errors
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 174 of 354
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
Table 13.1 Channel Configuration
Channel
Channel 1*
1
Channel 2
Channel 3*
Abbreviation
Pin
Register
Register Address
SCI3
SCK3
RXD
TXD
SMR
H'FFA8
BRR
H'FFA9
SCR3
H'FFAA
TDR
H'FFAB
SSR
H'FFAC
RDR
H'FFAD
RSR

TSR

SMR_2
H'F740
BRR_2
H'F741
SCR3_2
H'F742
TDR_2
H'F743
SSR_2
H'F744
RDR_2
H'F745
RSR_2

TSR_2

SMR_3
H'F600
BRR_3
H'F601
SCR3_3
H'F602
TDR_3
H'F603
SSR_3
H'F604
RDR_3
H'F605
RSR_3

TSR_3

SMCR
H'F608
SCI3_2
2
SCI3_3
SCK3_2
RXD_2
TXD_2
SCK3_3*
RXD_3
TXD_3
3
Notes: 1. The channel 1 of the SCI3 is used in on-board programming mode by boot mode.
2. The SCI3_3 function is incorporated in the H8/36024.
3. When this pin is used as the SCI3_3 function with the emulator used, the corresponding
PCR value must be cleared to 0.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 175 of 354
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
SCK3
External
clock
Internal clock (ø/64, ø/16, ø/4, ø)
Baud rate generator
BRC
BRR
SMR
Transmit/receive
control circuit
SCR3
SSR
TXD
TSR
TDR
RXD
RSR
RDR
Legend:
Receive shift register
RSR:
Receive data register
RDR:
Transmit shift register
TSR:
Transmit data register
TDR:
Serial mode register
SMR:
SCR3: Serial control register 3
Serial status register
SSR:
Bit rate register
BRR:
Bit rate counter
BRC:
Figure 13.1 Block Diagram of SCI3
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 176 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Internal data bus
Clock
Interrupt request
(TEI, TXI, RXI, ERI)
Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
13.2
Input/Output Pins
Table 13.2 shows the SCI3 pin configuration.
Table 13.2 Pin Configuration
Pin Name
Abbreviation
I/O
Function
SCI3 clock
SCK3
I/O
SCI3 clock input/output
SCI3 receive data input
RXD
Input
SCI3 receive data input
SCI3 transmit data output
TXD
Output
SCI3 transmit data output
13.3
Register Descriptions
The SCI3 has the following registers for each channel.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Receive Shift Register (RSR)
Receive Data Register (RDR)
Transmit Shift Register (TSR)
Transmit Data Register (TDR)
Serial Mode Register (SMR)
Serial Control Register 3 (SCR3)
Serial Status Register (SSR)
Bit Rate Register (BRR)
SCI3_3 Module Control Register (SMCR)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 177 of 354
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
13.3.1
Receive Shift Register (RSR)
RSR is a shift register that is used to receive serial data input from the RXD pin and convert it into
parallel data. When one frame of data has been received, it is transferred to RDR automatically.
RSR cannot be directly accessed by the CPU.
13.3.2
Receive Data Register (RDR)
RDR is an 8-bit register that stores received data. When the SCI3 has received one frame of serial
data, it transfers the received serial data from RSR to RDR, where it is stored. After this, RSR is
receive-enabled. As RSR and RDR function as a double buffer in this way, continuous receive
operations are possible. After confirming that the RDRF bit in SSR is set to 1, read RDR only
once. RDR cannot be written to by the CPU. RDR is initialized to H'00.
13.3.3
Transmit Shift Register (TSR)
TSR is a shift register that transmits serial data. To perform serial data transmission, the SCI3 first
transfers transmit data from TDR to TSR automatically, then sends the data that starts from the
LSB to the TXD pin. TSR cannot be directly accessed by the CPU.
13.3.4
Transmit Data Register (TDR)
TDR is an 8-bit register that stores data for transmission. When the SCI3 detects that TSR is
empty, it transfers the transmit data written in TDR to TSR and starts transmission. The doublebuffered structure of TDR and TSR enables continuous serial transmission. If the next transmit
data has already been written to TDR during transmission of one-frame data, the SCI3 transfers
the written data to TSR to continue transmission. To achieve reliable serial transmission, write
transmit data to TDR only once after confirming that the TDRE bit in SSR is set to 1. TDR is
initialized to H'FF.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 178 of 354
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
13.3.5
Serial Mode Register (SMR)
SMR is used to set the SCI3’s serial transfer format and select the baud rate generator clock
source.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
COM
0
R/W
Communication Mode
0: Asynchronous mode
1: Clocked synchronous mode
6
CHR
0
R/W
Character Length (enabled only in asynchronous mode)
0: Selects 8 bits as the data length.
1: Selects 7 bits as the data length.
5
PE
0
R/W
Parity Enable (enabled only in asynchronous mode)
When this bit is set to 1, the parity bit is added to transmit
data before transmission, and the parity bit is checked in
reception.
4
PM
0
R/W
Parity Mode (enabled only when the PE bit is 1 in
asynchronous mode)
0: Selects even parity.
1: Selects odd parity.
3
STOP
0
R/W
Stop Bit Length (enabled only in asynchronous mode)
Selects the stop bit length in transmission.
0: 1 stop bit
1: 2 stop bits
For reception, only the first stop bit is checked, regardless
of the value in the bit. If the second stop bit is 0, it is
treated as the start bit of the next transmit character.
2
MP
0
R/W
Multiprocessor Mode
When this bit is set to 1, the multiprocessor
communication function is enabled. The PE bit and PM
bit settings are invalid in multiprocessor mode. In clocked
synchronous mode, clear this bit to 0.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 179 of 354
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
1
CKS1
0
R/W
Clock Select 0 and 1
0
CKS0
0
R/W
These bits select the clock source for the baud rate
generator.
00: φ clock (n = 0)
01: φ/4 clock (n = 1)
10: φ/16 clock (n = 2)
11: φ/64 clock (n = 3)
For the relationship between the bit rate register setting
and the baud rate, see section 13.3.8, Bit Rate Register
(BRR). n is the decimal representation of the value of n in
BRR (see section 13.3.8, Bit Rate Register (BRR)).
13.3.6
Serial Control Register 3 (SCR3)
SCR3 is a register that enables or disables SCI3 transfer operations and interrupt requests, and is
also used to select the transfer clock source. For details on interrupt requests, refer to section 13.7,
Interrupts.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
TIE
0
R/W
Transmit Interrupt Enable
When this bit is set to 1, the TXI interrupt request is
enabled.
6
RIE
0
R/W
Receive Interrupt Enable
When this bit is set to 1, RXI and ERI interrupt requests
are enabled.
5
TE
0
R/W
Transmit Enable
4
RE
0
R/W
Receive Enable
When this bit s set to 1, transmission is enabled.
When this bit is set to 1, reception is enabled.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 180 of 354
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
3
MPIE
0
R/W
Multiprocessor Interrupt Enable (enabled only when the
MP bit in SMR is 1 in asynchronous mode)
When this bit is set to 1, receive data in which the
multiprocessor bit is 0 is skipped, and setting of the
RDRF, FER, and OER status flags in SSR is disabled.
On receiving data in which the multiprocessor bit is 1, this
bit is automatically cleared and normal reception is
resumed. For details, refer to section 13.6, Multiprocessor
Communication Function.
2
TEIE
0
R/W
Transmit End Interrupt Enable
When this bit is set to 1, TEI interrupt request is enabled.
1
CKE1
0
R/W
Clock Enable 0 and 1
0
CKE0
0
R/W
Selects the clock source.
•
Asynchronous mode
00: On-chip baud rate generator
01: On-chip baud rate generator
Outputs a clock of the same frequency as the bit rate
from the SCK3 pin.
10: External clock
Inputs a clock with a frequency 16 times the bit rate
from the SCK3 pin.
11:Reserved
•
Clocked synchronous mode
00: On-chip clock (SCK3 pin functions as clock output)
01:Reserved
10: External clock (SCK3 pin functions as clock input)
11:Reserved
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 181 of 354
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
13.3.7
Serial Status Register (SSR)
SSR is a register containing status flags of the SCI3 and multiprocessor bits for transfer. 1 cannot
be written to flags TDRE, RDRF, OER, PER, and FER; they can only be cleared.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
TDRE
1
R/W
Transmit Data Register Empty
Indicates whether TDR contains transmit data.
[Setting conditions]
•
When the TE bit in SCR3 is 0
•
When data is transferred from TDR to TSR
[Clearing conditions]
6
RDRF
0
R/W
•
When 0 is written to TDRE after reading TDRE = 1
•
When the transmit data is written to TDR
Receive Data Register Full
Indicates that the received data is stored in RDR.
[Setting condition]
•
When serial reception ends normally and receive data
is transferred from RSR to RDR
[Clearing conditions]
5
OER
0
R/W
•
When 0 is written to RDRF after reading RDRF = 1
•
When data is read from RDR
Overrun Error
[Setting condition]
•
When an overrun error occurs in reception
[Clearing condition]
•
4
FER
0
R/W
When 0 is written to OER after reading OER = 1
Framing Error
[Setting condition]
•
When a framing error occurs in reception
[Clearing condition]
•
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 182 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
When 0 is written to FER after reading FER = 1
Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
3
PER
0
R/W
Parity Error
[Setting condition]
•
When a parity error is detected during reception
[Clearing condition]
•
2
TEND
1
R
When 0 is written to PER after reading PER = 1
Transmit End
[Setting conditions]
•
When the TE bit in SCR3 is 0
•
When TDRE = 1 at transmission of the last bit of a 1frame serial transmit character
[Clearing conditions]
1
MPBR
0
R
•
When 0 is written to TDRE after reading TDRE = 1
•
When the transmit data is written to TDR
Multiprocessor Bit Receive
MPBR stores the multiprocessor bit in the receive
character data. When the RE bit in SCR3 is cleared to 0,
its state is retained.
0
MPBT
0
R/W
Multiprocessor Bit Transfer
MPBT stores the multiprocessor bit to be added to the
transmit character data.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 183 of 354
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
13.3.8
Bit Rate Register (BRR)
BRR is an 8-bit register that adjusts the bit rate. The initial value of BRR is H'FF. Table 13.3
shows the relationship between the N setting in BRR and the n setting in bits CKS1 and CKS0 of
SMR in asynchronous mode. Table 13.4 shows the maximum bit rate for each frequency in
asynchronous mode. The values shown in both tables 13.3 and 13.4 are values in active (highspeed) mode. Table 13.5 shows the relationship between the N setting in BRR and the n setting in
bits CKS1 and CKS0 of SMR in clocked synchronous mode. The values shown in table 13.5 are
values in active (high-speed) mode. The N setting in BRR and error for other operating
frequencies and bit rates can be obtained by the following formulas:
[Asynchronous Mode]
N=
φ
× 106 – 1
64 × 22n–1 × B
φ × 106

2n–1 – 1 × 100
(N
+
1)
×
B
×
64
×
2



Error (%) = 
[Clocked Synchronous Mode]
N=
φ
× 106 – 1
8 × 22n–1 × B
[Legend]
B: Bit rate (bit/s)
N: BRR setting for baud rate generator (0 ≤ N ≤ 255)
φ: Operating frequency (MHz)
n: CSK1 and CSK0 settings in SMR (0 ≤ n ≤ 3)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 184 of 354
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
Table 13.3 Examples of BRR Settings for Various Bit Rates (Asynchronous Mode) (1)
Operating Frequency φ (MHz)
2
2.097152
2.4576
3
Bit Rate
(bits/s)
n
N
Error
(%)
n
N
Error
(%)
n
N
Error
(%)
n
N
Error
(%)
110
1
141
0.03
1
148
–0.04
1
174
–0.26
1
212
0.03
150
1
103
0.16
1
108
0.21
1
127
0.00
1
155
0.16
300
0
207
0.16
0
217
0.21
0
255
0.00
1
77
0.16
600
0
103
0.16
0
108
0.21
0
127
0.00
0
155
0.16
1200
0
51
0.16
0
54
–0.70
0
63
0.00
0
77
0.16
2400
0
25
0.16
0
26
1.14
0
31
0.00
0
38
0.16
4800
0
12
0.16
0
13
–2.48
0
15
0.00
0
19
–2.34
9600
0
6
–6.99
0
6
–2.48
0
7
0.00
0
9
–2.34
19200
0
2
8.51
0
2
13.78
0
3
0.00
0
4
–2.34
31250
0
1
0.00
0
1
4.86
0
1
22.88
0
2
0.00
38400
0
1
–18.62
0
1
–14.67
0
1
0.00
—
—
—
Operating Frequency φ (MHz)
3.6864
4
4.9152
5
Bit Rate
(bits/s)
n
N
Error
(%)
n
N
Error
(%)
n
N
Error
(%)
n
N
Error
(%)
110
2
64
0.70
2
70
0.03
2
86
0.31
2
88
–0.25
150
1
191
0.00
1
207
0.16
1
255
0.00
2
64
0.16
300
1
95
0.00
1
103
0.16
1
127
0.00
1
129
0.16
600
0
191
0.00
0
207
0.16
0
255
0.00
1
64
0.16
1200
0
95
0.00
0
103
0.16
0
127
0.00
0
129
0.16
2400
0
47
0.00
0
51
0.16
0
63
0.00
0
64
0.16
4800
0
23
0.00
0
25
0.16
0
31
0.00
0
32
–1.36
9600
0
11
0.00
0
12
0.16
0
15
0.00
0
15
1.73
19200
0
5
0.00
0
6
–6.99
0
7
0.00
0
7
1.73
31250
—
—
—
0
3
0.00
0
4
–1.70
0
4
0.00
38400
0
2
0.00
0
2
8.51
0
3
0.00
0
3
1.73
Legend
: A setting is available but error occurs
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 185 of 354
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
Table 13.3 Examples of BRR Settings for Various Bit Rates (Asynchronous Mode) (2)
Operating Frequency φ (MHz)
6
6.144
7.3728
Bit Rate
(bit/s)
n
N
Error
(%)
n
N
Error
(%)
n
N
Error
(%)
110
2
106
–0.44
2
108
0.08
2
130
–0.07
150
2
77
0.16
2
79
0.00
2
95
0.00
300
1
155
0.16
1
159
0.00
1
191
0.00
600
1
77
0.16
1
79
0.00
1
95
0.00
1200
0
155
0.16
0
159
0.00
0
191
0.00
2400
0
77
0.16
0
79
0.00
0
95
0.00
4800
0
38
0.16
0
39
0.00
0
47
0.00
9600
0
19
–2.34
0
19
0.00
0
23
0.00
19200
0
9
–2.34
0
9
0.00
0
11
0.00
31250
0
5
0.00
0
5
2.40
0
6
5.33
38400
0
4
–2.34
0
4
0.00
0
5
0.00
Operating Frequency φ (MHz)
8
9.8304
10
12
Bit Rate
(bit/s)
n
N
Error
(%)
n
N
Error
(%)
110
2
141
0.03
2
174
–0.26
2
177
–0.25
2
212
0.03
150
2
103
0.16
2
127
0.00
2
129
0.16
2
155
0.16
300
1
207
0.16
1
255
0.00
2
64
0.16
2
77
0.16
600
1
103
0.16
1
127
0.00
1
129
0.16
1
155
0.16
1200
0
207
0.16
0
255
0.00
1
64
0.16
1
77
0.16
2400
0
103
0.16
0
127
0.00
0
129
0.16
0
155
0.16
4800
0
51
0.16
0
63
0.00
0
64
0.16
0
77
0.16
9600
0
25
0.16
0
31
0.00
0
32
–1.36
0
38
0.16
19200
0
12
0.16
0
15
0.00
0
15
1.73
0
19
–2.34
31250
0
7
0.00
0
9
–1.70
0
9
0.00
0
11
0.00
38400
0
6
-6.99
0
7
0.00
0
7
1.73
0
9
–2.34
Legend
: A setting is available but error occurs.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 186 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
n
N
Error
(%)
n
N
Error
(%)
Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
Table 13.3 Examples of BRR Settings for Various Bit Rates (Asynchronous Mode) (3)
Operating Frequency φ (MHz)
12.888
14
14.7456
16
Bit Rate
(bit/s)
n
N
Error
(%)
n
N
Error
(%)
n
N
Error
(%)
n
N
Error
(%)
110
2
217
0.08
2
248
–0.17
3
64
0.70
3
70
0.03
150
2
159
0.00
2
181
0.16
2
191
0.00
2
207
0.16
300
2
79
0.00
2
90
0.16
2
95
0.00
2
103
0.16
600
1
159
0.00
1
181
0.16
1
191
0.00
1
207
0.16
1200
1
79
0.00
1
90
0.16
1
95
0.00
1
103
0.16
2400
0
159
0.00
0
181
0.16
0
191
0.00
0
207
0.16
4800
0
79
0.00
0
90
0.16
0
95
0.00
0
103
0.16
9600
0
39
0.00
0
45
–0.93
0
47
0.00
0
51
0.16
19200
0
19
0.00
0
22
–0.93
0
23
0.00
0
25
0.16
31250
0
11
2.40
0
13
0.00
0
14
–1.70
0
15
0.00
38400
0
9
0.00
—
—
—
0
11
0.00
0
12
0.16
Operating Frequency φ (MHz)
18
20
Bit Rate
(bit/s)
n
N
Error
(%)
n
N
Error
(%)
110
3
79
–0.12
3
88
–0.25
150
2
233
0.16
3
64
0.16
300
2
116
0.16
2
129
0.16
600
1
233
0.16
2
64
0.16
1200
1
116
0.16
1
129
0.16
2400
0
233
0.16
1
64
0.16
4800
0
116
0.16
0
129
0.16
9600
0
58
–0.96
0
64
0.16
19200
0
28
1.02
0
32
–1.36
31250
0
17
0.00
0
19
0.00
38400
0
14
–2.34
0
15
1.73
Legend
—: A setting is available but error occurs.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 187 of 354
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
Table 13.4 Maximum Bit Rate for Each Frequency (Asynchronous Mode)
φ (MHz)
Maximum Bit
Rate (bit/s)
n
N
φ (MHz)
Maximum Bit
Rate (bit/s)
n
N
2
62500
0
0
8
250000
0
0
2.097152 65536
0
0
9.8304
307200
0
0
2.4576
76800
0
0
10
312500
0
0
3
93750
0
0
12
375000
0
0
3.6864
115200
0
0
12.288
384000
0
0
4
125000
0
0
14
437500
0
0
4.9152
153600
0
0
14.7456
460800
0
0
5
156250
0
0
16
500000
0
0
6
187500
0
0
17.2032
537600
0
0
6.144
192000
0
0
18
562500
0
0
7.3728
230400
0
0
20
625000
0
0
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 188 of 354
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
Table 13.5 Examples of BRR Settings for Various Bit Rates (Clocked Synchronous Mode)
(1)
Operating Frequency φ (MHz)
2
4
8
10
Bit Rate
(bit/s)
n
N
n
N
n
N
n
N
110
3
70
—
—
—
—
—
—
250
2
124
2
249
3
124
—
16
n
N
—
3
249
500
1
249
2
124
2
249
—
—
3
124
1k
1
124
1
249
2
124
—
—
2
249
2.5k
0
199
1
99
1
199
1
249
2
99
5k
0
99
0
199
1
99
1
124
1
199
10k
0
49
0
99
0
199
0
249
1
99
25k
0
19
0
39
0
79
0
99
0
159
50k
0
9
0
19
0
39
0
49
0
79
100k
0
4
0
9
0
19
0
24
0
39
250k
0
1
0
3
0
7
0
9
0
15
500k
0
0*
0
1
0
3
0
4
0
7
0
0*
0
1
—
—
0
3
0
0*
—
—
0
1
0
0*
—
—
0
0*
1M
2M
2.5M
4M
Legend
Blank : No setting is available.
—
: A setting is available but error occurs.
*
: Continuous transfer is not possible.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 189 of 354
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
Table 13.5 Examples of BRR Settings for Various Bit Rates (Clocked Synchronous Mode)
(2)
Operating Frequency φ (MHz)
18
20
Bit Rate
(bit/s)
n
N
n
N
110
—
—
—
—
250
—
—
—
—
500
3
140
3
155
1k
3
69
3
77
2.5k
2
112
2
124
5k
1
224
1
249
10k
1
112
1
124
25k
0
179
0
199
50k
0
89
0
99
100k
0
44
0
49
250k
0
17
0
19
500k
0
8
0
9
1M
0
4
0
4
2M
—
—
—
—
2.5M
—
—
0
1
4M
—
—
—
—
Legend
Blank : No setting is available.
—
: A setting is available but error occurs.
*
: Continuous transfer is not possible.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 190 of 354
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
13.3.9
SCI3_3 Module Control Register (SMCR)
SMCR controls the SCI3_3 and module standby function.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7 to 4

All 1

Reserved
These bits are always read as 1.
3, 2

All 1

Reserved
These bits are always read as 1. When the emulator is
used, these bits must be cleared to 0.
1
TXD_3
0
R/W
TXD_3 Output Select
Selects the function of the P57/TXD_3 pin.
0: General I/O port
1: TXD_3 output pin
0
MSTS3_3
0
R/W
SCI3_3 Module Standby
When this bit is set to 1, the SCI3_3 enters the standby
state.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 191 of 354
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
13.4
Operation in Asynchronous Mode
Figure 13.2 shows the general format for asynchronous serial communication. One character (or
frame) consists of a start bit (low level), followed by data (in LSB-first order), a parity bit (high or
low level), and finally stop bits (high level). Inside the SCI3, the transmitter and receiver are
independent units, enabling full-duplex. Both the transmitter and the receiver also have a doublebuffered structure, so data can be read or written during transmission or reception, enabling
continuous data transfer.
LSB
MSB
Serial Start
data
bit
Transmit/receive data
7 or 8 bits
1 bit
1
Parity
bit
Stop bit
Mark state
1 or
2 bits
1 bit,
or none
One unit of transfer data (character or frame)
Figure 13.2 Data Format in Asynchronous Communication
13.4.1
Clock
Either an internal clock generated by the on-chip baud rate generator or an external clock input at
the SCK3 pin can be selected as the SCI3’s serial clock, according to the setting of the COM bit in
SMR and the CKE0 and CKE1 bits in SCR3. When an external clock is input at the SCK3 pin, the
clock frequency should be 16 times the bit rate used.
When the SCI3 is operated on an internal clock, the clock can be output from the SCK3 pin. The
frequency of the clock output in this case is equal to the bit rate, and the phase is such that the
rising edge of the clock is in the middle of the transmit data, as shown in figure 13.3.
Clock
Serial data
0
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
0/1
1
1
1 character (frame)
Figure 13.3 Relationship between Output Clock and Transfer Data Phase
(Asynchronous Mode)(Example with 8-Bit Data, Parity, Two Stop Bits)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 192 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
13.4.2
SCI3 Initialization
Before transmitting and receiving data, you should first clear the TE and RE bits in SCR3 to 0,
then initialize the SCI3 as described below. When the operating mode, or transfer format, is
changed for example, the TE and RE bits must be cleared to 0 before making the change using the
following procedure. When the TE bit is cleared to 0, the TDRE flag is set to 1. Note that clearing
the RE bit to 0 does not initialize the contents of the RDRF, PER, FER, and OER flags, or the
contents of RDR. When the external clock is used in asynchronous mode, the clock must be
supplied even during initialization.
[1]
Start initialization
When the clock output is selected in
asynchronous mode, clock is output
immediately after CKE1 and CKE0
settings are made. When the clock
output is selected at reception in clocked
synchronous mode, clock is output
immediately after CKE1, CKE0, and RE
are set to 1.
Clear TE and RE bits in SCR3 to 0
[1]
Set CKE1 and CKE0 bits in SCR3
Set data transfer format in SMR
[2]
Set value in BRR
[3]
Wait
[2]
Set the data transfer format in SMR.
[3]
Write a value corresponding to the bit
rate to BRR. Not necessary if an
external clock is used.
[4]
Wait at least one bit interval, then set the
TE bit or RE bit in SCR3 to 1. RE
settings enable the RXD pin to be used.
For transmission, set the TXD bit in
PMR1 to 1 to enable the TXD output pin
to be used. Also set the RIE, TIE, TEIE,
and MPIE bits, depending on whether
interrupts are required. In asynchronous
mode, the bits are marked at
transmission and idled at reception to
wait for the start bit.
No
1-bit interval elapsed?
Yes
Set TE and RE bits in
SCR3 to 1, and set RIE, TIE, TEIE,
and MPIE bits. For transmit (TE=1),
also set the TxD bit in PMR1.
<Initialization completion>
[4]
Set the clock selection in SCR3.
Be sure to clear bits RIE, TIE, TEIE, and
MPIE, and bits TE and RE, to 0.
Figure 13.4 Sample SCI3 Initialization Flowchart
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 193 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
13.4.3
Data Transmission
Figure 13.5 shows an example of operation for transmission in asynchronous mode. In
transmission, the SCI3 operates as described below.
1. The SCI3 monitors the TDRE flag in SSR. If the flag is cleared to 0, the SCI3 recognizes that
data has been written to TDR, and transfers the data from TDR to TSR.
2. After transferring data from TDR to TSR, the SCI3 sets the TDRE flag to 1 and starts
transmission. If the TIE bit is set to 1 at this time, a TXI interrupt request is generated.
Continuous transmission is possible because the TXI interrupt routine writes next transmit data
to TDR before transmission of the current transmit data has been completed.
3. The SCI3 checks the TDRE flag at the timing for sending the stop bit.
4. If the TDRE flag is 0, the data is transferred from TDR to TSR, the stop bit is sent, and then
serial transmission of the next frame is started.
5. If the TDRE flag is 1, the TEND flag in SSR is set to 1, the stop bit is sent, and then the “mark
state” is entered, in which 1 is output. If the TEIE bit in SCR3 is set to 1 at this time, a TEI
interrupt request is generated.
6. Figure 13.6 shows a sample flowchart for transmission in asynchronous mode.
Start
bit
Serial
data
1
0
Transmit
data
D0
D1
D7
1 frame
Parity Stop Start
bit
bit bit
0/1
1
0
Transmit
data
D0
D1
D7
Parity Stop
bit
bit
0/1
Mark
state
1
1
1 frame
TDRE
TEND
LSI
TXI interrupt
operation request
generated
User
processing
TDRE flag
cleared to 0
TXI interrupt request generated
TEI interrupt request
generated
Data written
to TDR
Figure 13.5 Example of SCI3 Transmission in Asynchronous Mode
(8-Bit Data, Parity, One Stop Bit)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 194 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
Start transmission
[1]
Read TDRE flag in SSR
No
TDRE = 1
Yes
Write transmit data to TDR
[2]
Yes
All data transmitted?
[1] Read SSR and check that the
TDRE flag is set to 1, then write
transmit data to TDR. When data is
written to TDR, the TDRE flag is
automaticaly cleared to 0.
[2] To continue serial transmission,
read 1 from the TDRE flag to
confirm that writing is possible,
then write data to TDR. When data
is written to TDR, the TDRE flag is
automaticaly cleared to 0.
[3] To output a break in serial
transmission, after setting PCR to 1
and PDR to 0, clear TxD in PMR1
to 0, then clear the TE bit in SCR3
to 0.
No
Read TEND flag in SSR
No
TEND = 1
Yes
[3]
No
Break output?
Yes
Clear PDR to 0 and
set PCR to 1
Clear TE bit in SCR3 to 0
<End>
Figure 13.6 Sample Serial Transmission Data Flowchart (Asynchronous Mode)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 195 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
13.4.4
Serial Data Reception
Figure 13.7 shows an example of operation for reception in asynchronous mode. In serial
reception, the SCI3 operates as described below.
1. The SCI3 monitors the communication line. If a start bit is detected, the SCI3 performs
internal synchronization, receives receive data in RSR, and checks the parity bit and stop bit.
2. If an overrun error occurs (when reception of the next data is completed while the RDRF flag
is still set to 1), the OER bit in SSR is set to 1. If the RIE bit in SCR3 is set to 1 at this time, an
ERI interrupt request is generated. Receive data is not transferred to RDR.
3. If a parity error is detected, the PER bit in SSR is set to 1 and receive data is transferred to
RDR. If the RIE bit in SCR3 is set to 1 at this time, an ERI interrupt request is generated.
4. If a framing error is detected (when the stop bit is 0), the FER bit in SSR is set to 1 and receive
data is transferred to RDR. If the RIE bit in SCR3 is set to 1 at this time, an ERI interrupt
request is generated.
5. If reception is completed successfully, the RDRF bit in SSR is set to 1, and receive data is
transferred to RDR. If the RIE bit in SCR3 is set to 1 at this time, an RXI interrupt request is
generated. Continuous reception is possible because the RXI interrupt routine reads the receive
data transferred to RDR before reception of the next receive data has been completed.
Start
bit
Serial
data
1
0
Receive
data
D0
D1
D7
Parity Stop Start
bit
bit bit
0/1
1
0
1 frame
Receive
data
D0
D1
Parity Stop
bit
bit
D7
0/1
0
Mark state
(idle state)
1
1 frame
RDRF
FER
LSI
operation
RXI request
RDRF
cleared to 0
0 stop bit
detected
RDR data read
User
processing
Figure 13.7 Example of SCI3 Reception in Asynchronous Mode
(8-Bit Data, Parity, One Stop Bit)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 196 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
ERI request in
response to
framing error
Framing error
processing
Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
Table 13.6 shows the states of the SSR status flags and receive data handling when a receive error
is detected. If a receive error is detected, the RDRF flag retains its state before receiving data.
Reception cannot be resumed while a receive error flag is set to 1. Accordingly, clear the OER,
FER, PER, and RDRF bits to 0 before resuming reception. Figure 13.8 shows a sample flow chart
for serial data reception.
Table 13.6 SSR Status Flags and Receive Data Handling
SSR Status Flag
RDRF*
OER
FER
PER
Receive Data
Receive Error Type
1
1
0
0
Lost
Overrun error
0
0
1
0
Transferred to RDR
Framing error
0
0
0
1
Transferred to RDR
Parity error
1
1
1
0
Lost
Overrun error + framing error
1
1
0
1
Lost
Overrun error + parity error
0
0
1
1
Transferred to RDR
Framing error + parity error
1
1
1
1
Lost
Overrun error + framing error +
parity error
Note: * The RDRF flag retains the state it had before data reception.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 197 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
Start reception
Read OER, PER, and
FER flags in SSR
[1]
Yes
OER+PER+FER = 1
[4]
No
Error processing
(Continued on next page)
Read RDRF flag in SSR
[2]
No
RDRF = 1
Yes
Read receive data in RDR
[1] Read the OER, PER, and FER flags in
SSR to identify the error. If a receive
error occurs, performs the appropriate
error processing.
[2] Read SSR and check that RDRF = 1,
then read the receive data in RDR.
The RDRF flag is cleared automatically.
[3] To continue serial reception, before the
stop bit for the current frame is
received, read the RDRF flag and read
RDR.
The RDRF flag is cleared automatically.
[4] If a receive error occurs, read the OER,
PER, and FER flags in SSR to identify
the error. After performing the
appropriate error processing, ensure
that the OER, PER, and FER flags are
all cleared to 0. Reception cannot be
resumed if any of these flags are set to
1. In the case of a framing error, a
break can be detected by reading the
value of the input port corresponding to
the RxD pin.
Yes
All data received?
[3]
No
(A)
Clear RE bit in SCR3 to 0
<End>
Figure 13.8 Sample Serial Reception Data Flowchart (Asynchronous Mode)(1)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 198 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
[4]
Error processing
No
OER = 1
Yes
Overrun error processing
No
FER = 1
Yes
Yes
Break?
No
Framing error processing
No
PER = 1
Yes
Parity error processing
(A)
Clear OER, PER, and
FER flags in SSR to 0
<End>
Figure 13.8 Sample Serial Reception Data Flowchart (Asynchronous Mode)(2)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 199 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
13.5
Operation in Clocked Synchronous Mode
Figure 13.9 shows the general format for clocked synchronous communication. In clocked
synchronous mode, data is transmitted or received synchronous with clock pulses. A single
character in the transmit data consists of the 8-bit data starting from the LSB. In clocked
synchronous serial communication, data on the transmission line is output from one falling edge of
the synchronization clock to the next. In clocked synchronous mode, the SCI3 receives data in
synchronous with the rising edge of the synchronization clock. After 8-bit data is output, the
transmission line holds the MSB state. In clocked synchronous mode, no parity or multiprocessor
bit is added. Inside the SCI3, the transmitter and receiver are independent units, enabling fullduplex communication through the use of a common clock. Both the transmitter and the receiver
also have a double-buffered structure, so data can be read or written during transmission or
reception, enabling continuous data transfer.
8-bit
One unit of transfer data (character or frame)
*
*
Synchronization
clock
LSB
Bit 0
Serial data
MSB
Bit 1
Don’t care
Bit 2
Bit 3
Bit 4
Bit 5
Bit 6
Bit 7
Don’t care
Note: * High except in continuous transfer
Figure 13.9 Data Format in Clocked Synchronous Communication
13.5.1
Clock
Either an internal clock generated by the on-chip baud rate generator or an external
synchronization clock input at the SCK3 pin can be selected, according to the setting of the COM
bit in SMR and CKE0 and CKE1 bits in SCR3. When the SCI3 is operated on an internal clock,
the synchronization clock is output from the SCK3 pin. Eight synchronization clock pulses are
output in the transfer of one character, and when no transfer is performed the clock is fixed high.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 200 of 354
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
13.5.2
SCI3 Initialization
Before transmitting and receiving data, the SCI3 should be initialized as described in a sample
flowchart in figure 13.4.
13.5.3
Serial Data Transmission
Figure 13.10 shows an example of SCI3 operation for transmission in clocked synchronous mode.
In serial transmission, the SCI3 operates as described below.
1. The SCI3 monitors the TDRE flag in SSR, and if the flag is 0, the SCI3 recognizes that data
has been written to TDR, and transfers the data from TDR to TSR.
2. The SCI3 sets the TDRE flag to 1 and starts transmission. If the TIE bit in SCR3 is set to 1 at
this time, a transmit data empty interrupt (TXI) is generated.
3. 8-bit data is sent from the TXD pin synchronized with the output clock when output clock
mode has been specified, and synchronized with the input clock when use of an external clock
has been specified. Serial data is transmitted sequentially from the LSB (bit 0), from the TXD
pin.
4. The SCI3 checks the TDRE flag at the timing for sending the MSB (bit 7).
5. If the TDRE flag is cleared to 0, data is transferred from TDR to TSR, and serial transmission
of the next frame is started.
6. If the TDRE flag is set to 1, the TEND flag in SSR is set to 1, and the TDRE flag maintains
the output state of the last bit. If the TEIE bit in SCR3 is set to 1 at this time, a TEI interrupt
request is generated.
7. The SCK3 pin is fixed high at the end of transmission.
Figure 13.11 shows a sample flow chart for serial data transmission. Even if the TDRE flag is
cleared to 0, transmission will not start while a receive error flag (OER, FER, or PER) is set to 1.
Make sure that the receive error flags are cleared to 0 before starting transmission.
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
Serial
clock
Serial
data
Bit 0
Bit 1
Bit 7
Bit 0
1 frame
Bit 1
Bit 6
Bit 7
1 frame
TDRE
TEND
LSI
TXI interrupt
operation request
generated
TDRE flag
cleared
to 0
User
processing
Data written
to TDR
TXI interrupt request generated
TEI interrupt request
generated
Figure 13.10 Example of SCI3 Transmission in Clocked Synchronous Mode
Start transmission
[1]
[1]
Read TDRE flag in SSR
No
TDRE = 1
Yes
[2]
Read SSR and check that the TDRE flag is
set to 1, then write transmit data to TDR.
When data is written to TDR, the TDRE flag
is automatically cleared to 0 and clocks are
output to start the data transmission.
To continue serial transmission, be sure to
read 1 from the TDRE flag to confirm that
writing is possible, then write data to TDR.
When data is written to TDR, the TDRE flag
is automatically cleared to 0.
Write transmit data to TDR
[2]
All data transmitted?
Yes
No
Read TEND flag in SSR
No
TEND = 1
Yes
Clear TE bit in SCR3 to 0
<End>
Figure 13.11 Sample Serial Transmission Flowchart (Clocked Synchronous Mode)
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
13.5.4
Serial Data Reception (Clocked Synchronous Mode)
Figure 13.12 shows an example of SCI3 operation for reception in clocked synchronous mode. In
serial reception, the SCI3 operates as described below.
1.
2.
3.
4.
The SCI3 performs internal initialization synchronous with a synchronization clock input or
output, starts receiving data.
The SCI3 stores the receive data in RSR.
If an overrun error occurs (when reception of the next data is completed while the RDRF flag
in SSR is still set to 1), the OER bit in SSR is set to 1. If the RIE bit in SCR3 is set to 1 at this
time, an ERI interrupt request is generated, receive data is not transferred to RDR, and the
RDRF flag remains to be set to 1.
If reception is completed successfully, the RDRF bit in SSR is set to 1, and receive data is
transferred to RDR. If the RIE bit in SCR3 is set to 1 at this time, an RXI interrupt request is
generated.
Serial
clock
Serial
data
Bit 7
Bit 0
Bit 7
1 frame
Bit 0
Bit 1
Bit 6
Bit 7
1 frame
RDRF
OER
LSI
operation
User
processing
RXI interrupt
request
generated
RDRF flag
cleared
to 0
RDR data read
RXI interrupt request generated
RDR data has
not been read
(RDRF = 1)
ERI interrupt request
generated by
overrun error
Overrun error
processing
Figure 13.12 Example of SCI3 Reception in Clocked Synchronous Mode
Reception cannot be resumed while a receive error flag is set to 1. Accordingly, clear the OER,
FER, PER, and RDRF bits to 0 before resuming reception. Figure 13.13 shows a sample flow
chart for serial data reception.
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
Start reception
[1]
[1]
Read OER flag in SSR
[2]
Yes
OER = 1
[4]
No
Error processing
[3]
(Continued below)
Read RDRF flag in SSR
[2]
[4]
No
RDRF = 1
Yes
Read the OER flag in SSR to determine if
there is an error. If an overrun error has
occurred, execute overrun error processing.
Read SSR and check that the RDRF flag is
set to 1, then read the receive data in RDR.
When data is read from RDR, the RDRF
flag is automatically cleared to 0.
To continue serial reception, before the
MSB (bit 7) of the current frame is received,
reading the RDRF flag and reading RDR
should be finished. When data is read from
RDR, the RDRF flag is automatically
cleared to 0.
If an overrun error occurs, read the OER
flag in SSR, and after performing the
appropriate error processing, clear the OER
flag to 0. Reception cannot be resumed if
the OER flag is set to 1.
Read receive data in RDR
Yes
All data received?
[3]
No
Clear RE bit in SCR3 to 0
<End>
[4]
Error processing
Overrun error processing
Clear OER flag in SSR to 0
<End>
Figure 13.13 Sample Serial Reception Flowchart (Clocked Synchronous Mode)
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
13.5.5
Simultaneous Serial Data Transmission and Reception
Figure 13.14 shows a sample flowchart for simultaneous serial transmit and receive operations.
The following procedure should be used for simultaneous serial data transmit and receive
operations. To switch from transmit mode to simultaneous transmit and receive mode, after
checking that the SCI3 has finished transmission and the TDRE and TEND flags are set to 1, clear
TE to 0. Then simultaneously set TE and RE to 1 with a single instruction. To switch from receive
mode to simultaneous transmit and receive mode, after checking that the SCI3 has finished
reception, clear RE to 0. Then after checking that the RDRF and receive error flags (OER, FER,
and PER) are cleared to 0, simultaneously set TE and RE to 1 with a single instruction.
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
Start transmission/reception
Read TDRE flag in SSR
[1]
[1]
No
TDRE = 1
Yes
Write transmit data to TDR
Read OER flag in SSR
OER = 1
No
Read RDRF flag in SSR
Yes
[4]
Error processing
[2]
No
RDRF = 1
Yes
Read receive data in RDR
Read SSR and check that the TDRE
flag is set to 1, then write transmit
data to TDR.
When data is written to TDR, the
TDRE flag is automatically cleared to
0.
[2] Read SSR and check that the RDRF
flag is set to 1, then read the receive
data in RDR.
When data is read from RDR, the
RDRF flag is automatically cleared to
0.
[3] To continue serial transmission/
reception, before the MSB (bit 7) of
the current frame is received, finish
reading the RDRF flag, reading RDR.
Also, before the MSB (bit 7) of the
current frame is transmitted, read 1
from the TDRE flag to confirm that
writing is possible. Then write data to
TDR.
When data is written to TDR, the
TDRE flag is automatically cleared to
0. When data is read from RDR, the
RDRF flag is automatically cleared to
0.
[4] If an overrun error occurs, read the
OER flag in SSR, and after
performing the appropriate error
processing, clear the OER flag to 0.
Transmission/reception cannot be
resumed if the OER flag is set to 1.
For overrun error processing, see
figure 13.13.
Yes
All data received?
[3]
No
Clear TE and RE bits in SCR to 0
<End>
Figure 13.14 Sample Flowchart of Simultaneous Serial Transmit and Receive Operations
(Clocked Synchronous Mode)
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
13.6
Multiprocessor Communication Function
Use of the multiprocessor communication function enables data transfer between a number of
processors sharing communication lines by asynchronous serial communication using the
multiprocessor format, in which a multiprocessor bit is added to the transfer data. When
multiprocessor communication is performed, each receiving station is addressed by a unique ID
code. The serial communication cycle consists of two component cycles; an ID transmission cycle
that specifies the receiving station, and a data transmission cycle. The multiprocessor bit is used to
differentiate between the ID transmission cycle and the data transmission cycle. If the
multiprocessor bit is 1, the cycle is an ID transmission cycle; if the multiprocessor bit is 0, the
cycle is a data transmission cycle. Figure 13.15 shows an example of inter-processor
communication using the multiprocessor format. The transmitting station first sends the ID code
of the receiving station with which it wants to perform serial communication as data with a 1
multiprocessor bit added. It then sends transmit data as data with a 0 multiprocessor bit added.
When data with a 1 multiprocessor bit is received, the receiving station compares that data with its
own ID. The station whose ID matches then receives the data sent next. Stations whose IDs do not
match continue to skip data until data with a 1 multiprocessor bit is again received.
The SCI3 uses the MPIE bit in SCR3 to implement this function. When the MPIE bit is set to 1,
transfer of receive data from RSR to RDR, error flag detection, and setting the SSR status flags,
RDRF, FER, and OER, to 1, are inhibited until data with a 1 multiprocessor bit is received. On
reception of a receive character with a 1 multiprocessor bit, the MPBR bit in SSR is set to 1 and
the MPIE bit is automatically cleared, thus normal reception is resumed. If the RIE bit in SCR3 is
set to 1 at this time, an RXI interrupt is generated.
When the multiprocessor format is selected, the parity bit setting is rendered invalid. All other bit
settings are the same as those in normal asynchronous mode. The clock used for multiprocessor
communication is the same as that in normal asynchronous mode.
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
Transmitting
station
Serial transmission line
Receiving
station A
Receiving
station B
Receiving
station C
Receiving
station D
(ID = 01)
(ID = 02)
(ID = 03)
(ID = 04)
Serial
data
H'01
H'AA
(MPB = 1)
(MPB = 0)
ID transmission cycle = Data transmission cycle =
receiving station
Data transmission to
specification
receiving station specified by ID
Legend
MPB: Multiprocessor bit
Figure 13.15 Example of Inter-Processor Communication Using Multiprocessor Format
(Transmission of Data H'AA to Receiving Station A)
13.6.1
Multiprocessor Serial Data Transmission
Figure 13.16 shows a sample flowchart for multiprocessor serial data transmission. For an ID
transmission cycle, set the MPBT bit in SSR to 1 before transmission. For a data transmission
cycle, clear the MPBT bit in SSR to 0 before transmission. All other SCI3 operations are the same
as those in asynchronous mode.
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
Start transmission
[1]
[1]
Read TDRE flag in SSR
No
TDRE = 1
[2]
Yes
Set MPBT bit in SSR
[3]
Write transmit data to TDR
Yes
[2]
Read SSR and check that the TDRE
flag is set to 1, set the MPBT bit in
SSR to 0 or 1, then write transmit
data to TDR. When data is written to
TDR, the TDRE flag is automatically
cleared to 0.
To continue serial transmission, be
sure to read 1 from the TDRE flag to
confirm that writing is possible, then
write data to TDR. When data is
written to TDR, the TDRE flag is
automatically cleared to 0.
To output a break in serial
transmission, set the port PCR to 1,
clear PDR to 0, then clear the TE bit
in SCR3 to 0.
All data transmitted?
No
Read TEND flag in SSR
No
TEND = 1
Yes
No
[3]
Break output?
Yes
Clear PDR to 0 and set PCR to 1
Clear TE bit in SCR3 to 0
<End>
Figure 13.16 Sample Multiprocessor Serial Transmission Flowchart
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
13.6.2
Multiprocessor Serial Data Reception
Figure 13.17 shows a sample flowchart for multiprocessor serial data reception. If the MPIE bit in
SCR3 is set to 1, data is skipped until data with a 1 multiprocessor bit is sent. On receiving data
with a 1 multiprocessor bit, the receive data is transferred to RDR. An RXI interrupt request is
generated at this time. All other SCI3 operations are the same as those in asynchronous mode.
Figure 13.18 shows an example of SCI3 operation for multiprocessor format reception.
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
[1]
[2]
Start reception
Set MPIE bit in SCR3 to 1
[1]
Read OER and FER flags in SSR
[2]
[3]
Yes
FER+OER = 1
No
Read RDRF flag in SSR
[3]
No
[4]
[5]
RDRF = 1
Yes
Read receive data in RDR
No
This station’s ID?
Set the MPIE bit in SCR3 to 1.
Read OER and FER in SSR to check for
errors. Receive error processing is performed
in cases where a receive error occurs.
Read SSR and check that the RDRF flag is
set to 1, then read the receive data in RDR
and compare it with this station’s ID.
If the data is not this station’s ID, set the MPIE
bit to 1 again.
When data is read from RDR, the RDRF flag
is automatically cleared to 0.
Read SSR and check that the RDRF flag is
set to 1, then read the data in RDR.
If a receive error occurs, read the OER and
FER flags in SSR to identify the error. After
performing the appropriate error processing,
ensure that the OER and FER flags are all
cleared to 0.
Reception cannot be resumed if either of
these flags is set to 1.
In the case of a framing error, a break can be
detected by reading the RxD pin value.
Yes
Read OER and FER flags in SSR
Yes
FER+OER = 1
No
Read RDRF flag in SSR
[4]
No
RDRF = 1
[5]
Error processing
Yes
Read receive data in RDR
(Continued on
next page)
Yes
All data received?
No
[A]
Clear RE bit in SCR3 to 0
<End>
Figure 13.17 Sample Multiprocessor Serial Reception Flowchart (1)
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
[5]
Error processing
No
OER = 1
Yes
Overrun error processing
No
FER = 1
Yes
Yes
Break?
No
[A]
Framing error processing
Clear OER, and
FER flags in SSR to 0
<End>
Figure 13.17 Sample Multiprocessor Serial Reception Flowchart (2)
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
Start
bit
Serial
data
1
0
Receive
data (ID1)
D0
D1
D7
MPB
1
Stop Start
bit bit
1
0
Receive data
(Data1)
D0
1 frame
D1
D7
MPB
Stop
bit
Mark state
(idle state)
0
1
1
1 frame
MPIE
RDRF
RDR
value
ID1
LSI
operation
RDRF flag
cleared
to 0
RXI interrupt
request
MPIE cleared
to 0
User
processing
RXI interrupt request
is not generated, and
RDR retains its state
RDR data read
When data is not
this station's ID,
MPIE is set to 1
again
(a) When data does not match this receiver's ID
Start
bit
Serial
data
1
0
Receive
data (ID2)
D0
D1
D7
MPB
1
Stop Start
bit bit
1
0
Receive data
(Data2)
D0
1 frame
D1
D7
MPB
Stop
bit
Mark state
(idle state)
0
1
1
1 frame
MPIE
RDRF
RDR
value
ID1
LSI
operation
User
processing
ID2
RXI interrupt
request
MPIE cleared
to 0
RDRF flag
cleared
to 0
RDR data read
Data2
RXI interrupt
request
When data is
this station's
ID, reception
is continued
RDRF flag
cleared
to 0
RDR data read
MPIE set to 1
again
(b) When data matches this receiver's ID
Figure 13.18 Example of SCI3 Reception Using Multiprocessor Format
(Example with 8-Bit Data, Multiprocessor Bit, One Stop Bit)
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
13.7
Interrupts
SCI3 creates the following six interrupt requests: transmission end, transmit data empty, receive
data full, and receive errors (overrun error, framing error, and parity error). Table 13.7 shows the
interrupt sources.
Table 13.7 SCI3 Interrupt Requests
Interrupt Requests
Abbreviation
Interrupt Sources
Receive Data Full
RXI
Setting RDRF in SSR
Transmit Data Empty
TXI
Setting TDRE in SSR
Transmission End
TEI
Setting TEND in SSR
Receive Error
ERI
Setting OER, FER, and PER in SSR
The initial value of the TDRE flag in SSR is 1. Thus, when the TIE bit in SCR3 is set to 1 before
transferring the transmit data to TDR, a TXI interrupt request is generated even if the transmit data
is not ready. The initial value of the TEND flag in SSR is 1. Thus, when the TEIE bit in SCR3 is
set to 1 before transferring the transmit data to TDR, a TEI interrupt request is generated even if
the transmit data has not been sent. It is possible to make use of the most of these interrupt
requests efficiently by transferring the transmit data to TDR in the interrupt routine. To prevent the
generation of these interrupt requests (TXI and TEI), set the enable bits (TIE and TEIE) that
correspond to these interrupt requests to 1, after transferring the transmit data to TDR.
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
13.8
Usage Notes
13.8.1
Break Detection and Processing
When framing error detection is performed, a break can be detected by reading the RXD pin value
directly. In a break, the input from the RXD pin becomes all 0s, setting the FER flag, and possibly
the PER flag. Note that as the SCI3 continues the receive operation after receiving a break, even if
the FER flag is cleared to 0, it will be set to 1 again.
13.8.2
Mark State and Break Sending
When TE is 0, the TXD pin is used as an I/O port whose direction (input or output) and level are
determined by PCR and PDR. This can be used to set the TXD pin to mark state (high level) or
send a break during serial data transmission. To maintain the communication line at mark state
until TE is set to 1, set both PCR and PDR to 1. As TE is cleared to 0 at this point, the TXD pin
becomes an I/O port, and 1 is output from the TXD pin. To send a break during serial
transmission, first set PCR to 1 and clear PDR to 0, and then clear TE to 0. When TE is cleared to
0, the transmitter is initialized regardless of the current transmission state, the TXD pin becomes
an I/O port, and 0 is output from the TXD pin.
13.8.3
Receive Error Flags and Transmit Operations (Clocked Synchronous Mode Only)
Transmission cannot be started when a receive error flag (OER, PER, or FER) is set to 1, even if
the TDRE flag is cleared to 0. Be sure to clear the receive error flags to 0 before starting
transmission. Note also that receive error flags cannot be cleared to 0 even if the RE bit is cleared
to 0.
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Section 13 Serial Communication Interface 3 (SCI3)
13.8.4
Receive Data Sampling Timing and Reception Margin in Asynchronous Mode
In asynchronous mode, the SCI3 operates on a basic clock with a frequency of 16 times the
transfer rate. In reception, the SCI3 samples the falling edge of the start bit using the basic clock,
and performs internal synchronization. Receive data is latched internally at the rising edge of the
8th pulse of the basic clock as shown in figure 13.19. Thus, the reception margin in asynchronous
mode is given by formula (1) below.


1
D – 0.5
M = (0.5 –
)–
– (L – 0.5) F × 100(%)
2N
N


... Formula (1)
[Legend\
N: Ratio of bit rate to clock (N = 16)
D: Clock duty (D = 0.5 to 1.0)
L: Frame length (L = 9 to 12)
F: Absolute value of clock rate deviation
Assuming values of F (absolute value of clock rate deviation) = 0 and D (clock duty) = 0.5 in
formula (1), the reception margin can be given by the formula.
M = {0.5 – 1/(2 × 16)} × 100 [%] = 46.875%
However, this is only the computed value, and a margin of 20% to 30% should be allowed for in
system design.
16 clocks
8 clocks
0
7
15 0
7
15 0
Internal basic
clock
Receive data
(RxD)
Start bit
D0
D1
Synchronization
sampling timing
Data sampling
timing
Figure 13.19 Receive Data Sampling Timing in Asynchronous Mode
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Section 14 A/D Converter
Section 14 A/D Converter
This LSI includes a successive approximation type 10-bit A/D converter that allows up to four
analog input channels to be selected. The block diagram of the A/D converter is shown in figure
14.1.
14.1
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Features
10-bit resolution
Four input channels
Conversion time: at least 3.5 µs per channel (at 20 MHz operation)
Two operating modes
 Single mode: Single-channel A/D conversion
 Scan mode: Continuous A/D conversion on 1 to 4 channels
Four data registers
 Conversion results are held in a 16-bit data register for each channel
Sample and hold function
Two conversion start methods
 Software
 External trigger signal
Interrupt request
 An A/D conversion end interrupt request (ADI) can be generated
ADCMS32A_000020020200
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 217 of 354
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Section 14 A/D Converter
Module data bus
Analog multiplexer
10-bit D/A
AN0
AN1
AN2
AN3
Bus interface
Successive approximations
register
AVCC
Internal data bus
A
D
D
R
A
A
D
D
R
B
A
D
D
R
C
A
D
D
R
D
A
D
C
S
R
A
D
C
R
+
ø/4
Control circuit
Comparator
Sample-andhold circuit
ADTRG
Legend
ADCR
ADCSR
ADDRA
ADDRB
ADDRC
ADDRD
:
:
:
:
:
:
A/D control register
A/D control/status register
A/D data register A
A/D data register B
A/D data register C
A/D data register D
Figure 14.1 Block Diagram of A/D Converter
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ø/8
ADI
interrupt request
Section 14 A/D Converter
14.2
Input/Output Pins
Table 14.1 summarizes the input pins used by the A/D converter.
Table 14.1 Pin Configuration
Pin Name
Symbol
I/O
Function
Analog power supply pin
AVCC
Input
Analog block power supply pin
Analog input pin 0
AN0
Input
Analog input pins
Analog input pin 1
AN1
Input
Analog input pin 2
AN2
Input
Analog input pin 3
AN3
Input
A/D external trigger input pin
ADTRG
Input
External trigger input pin for starting A/D
conversion
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Section 14 A/D Converter
14.3
Register Description
The A/D converter has the following registers.
•
•
•
•
•
•
A/D data register A (ADDRA)
A/D data register B (ADDRB)
A/D data register C (ADDRC)
A/D data register D (ADDRD)
A/D control/status register (ADCSR)
A/D control register (ADCR)
14.3.1
A/D Data Registers A to D (ADDRA to ADDRD)
There are four 16-bit read-only ADDR registers; ADDRA to ADDRD, used to store the results of
A/D conversion. The ADDR registers, which store a conversion result for each channel, are
shown in table 14.2.
The converted 10-bit data is stored in bits 6 to 15. The lower 6 bits are always read as 0.
The data bus between the CPU and the A/D converter is 8 bits wide. The upper byte can be read
directly from the CPU, however the lower byte should be read via a temporary register. The
temporary register contents are transferred from the ADDR when the upper byte data is read.
Therefore byte access to ADDR should be done by reading the upper byte first then the lower one.
Word access is also possible. ADDR is initialized to H'0000.
Table 14.2 Analog Input Channels and Corresponding ADDR Registers
Analog Input Channel
A/D Data Register to Be Stored Results of A/D Conversion
AN0
ADDRA
AN1
ADDRB
AN2
ADDRC
AN3
ADDRD
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Section 14 A/D Converter
14.3.2
A/D Control/Status Register (ADCSR)
ADCSR consists of the control bits and conversion end status bits of the A/D converter.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
ADF
0
R/W
A/D End Flag
[Setting conditions]
•
When A/D conversion ends in single mode
•
When A/D conversion ends on all the channels
selected in scan mode
[Clearing conditions]
•
6
ADIE
0
R/W
When 0 is written after reading ADF = 1
A/D Interrupt Enable
A/D conversion end interrupt (ADI) request enabled by
ADF when 1 is set
5
ADST
0
R/W
A/D Start
Setting this bit to 1 starts A/D conversion. In single mode,
this bit is cleared to 0 automatically when conversion on
the specified channel is complete. In scan mode,
conversion continues sequentially on the specified
channels until this bit is cleared to 0 by software, a reset,
or a transition to standby mode.
4
SCAN
0
R/W
Scan Mode
Selects single mode or scan mode as the A/D conversion
operating mode.
0: Single mode
1: Scan mode
3
CKS
0
R/W
Clock Select
Selects the A/D conversions time
0: Conversion time = 134 states (max.)
1: Conversion time = 70 states (max.)
Clear the ADST bit to 0 before switching the conversion
time.
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Section 14 A/D Converter
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
2
CH2
0
R/W
Channel Select 0 to 2
1
CH1
0
R/W
Select analog input channels.
0
CH0
0
R/W
When SCAN = 0
When SCAN = 1
X00: AN0
X00: AN0
X01: AN1
X01: AN0 to AN1
X10: AN2
X10: AN0 to AN2
X11: AN3
X11: AN0 to AN3
Legend X: Don't care.
14.3.3
A/D Control Register (ADCR)
ADCR enables A/D conversion started by an external trigger signal.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
TRGE
0
R/W
Trigger Enable
A/D conversion is started at the falling edge and the rising
edge of the external trigger signal (ADTRG) when this bit
is set to 1.
The selection between the falling edge and rising edge of
the external trigger pin (ADTRG) conforms to the WPEG5
bit in the interrupt edge select register 2 (IEGR2)
6 to 1
—
All 1
—
Reserved
These bits are always read as 1.
0
—
0
R/W
Reserved
Do not set this bit to 1, though the bit is readable/writable.
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Section 14 A/D Converter
14.4
Operation
The A/D converter operates by successive approximation with 10-bit resolution. It has two
operating modes; single mode and scan mode. When changing the operating mode or analog input
channel, in order to prevent incorrect operation, first clear the bit ADST to 0 in ADCSR. The
ADST bit can be set at the same time as the operating mode or analog input channel is changed.
14.4.1
Single Mode
In single mode, A/D conversion is performed once for the analog input on the specified single
channel as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
A/D conversion is started from the first channel when the ADST bit in ADCSR is set to 1,
according to software or external trigger input.
When A/D conversion is completed, the result is transferred to the corresponding A/D data
register to the channel.
On completion of conversion, the ADF bit in ADCSR is set to 1. If the ADIE bit is set to 1 at
this time, an ADI interrupt request is generated.
The ADST bit remains set to 1 during A/D conversion. When A/D conversion ends, the
ADST bit is automatically cleared to 0 and the A/D converter enters the wait state.
14.4.2
Scan Mode
In scan mode, A/D conversion is performed sequentially for the analog input on the specified
channels (four channels maximum) as follows:
1. When the ADST bit is set to 1 by software, or external trigger input, A/D conversion starts on
the first channel in the group.
2. When A/D conversion for each channel is completed, the result is sequentially transferred to
the A/D data register corresponding to each channel.
3. When conversion of all the selected channels is completed, the ADF flag in ADCSR is set to 1.
If the ADIE bit is set to 1 at this time, an ADI interrupt is requested. Conversion of the first
channel in the group starts again.
4. The ADST bit is not automatically cleared to 0. Steps [2] to [3] are repeated as long as the
ADST bit remains set to 1. When the ADST bit is cleared to 0, A/D conversion stops.
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Section 14 A/D Converter
14.4.3
Input Sampling and A/D Conversion Time
The A/D converter has a built-in sample-and-hold circuit. The A/D converter samples the analog
input when the A/D conversion start delay time (tD) has passed after the ADST bit is set to 1, then
starts conversion. Figure 14.2 shows the A/D conversion timing. Table 14.3 shows the A/D
conversion time.
As indicated in figure 14.2, the A/D conversion time includes tD and the input sampling time. The
length of tD varies depending on the timing of the write access to ADCSR. The total conversion
time therefore varies within the ranges indicated in table 14.3.
In scan mode, the values given in table 14.3 apply to the first conversion time. In the second and
subsequent conversions, the conversion time is 128 states (fixed) when CKS = 0 and 66 states
(fixed) when CKS = 1.
(1)
ø
Address
(2)
Write signal
Input sampling
timing
ADF
tD
tSPL
tCONV
Legend
(1)
: ADCSR write cycle
(2)
: ADCSR address
: A/D conversion start delay
tD
tSPL : Input sampling time
tCONV : A/D conversion time
Figure 14.2 A/D Conversion Timing
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Section 14 A/D Converter
Table 14.3 A/D Conversion Time (Single Mode)
CKS = 0
Item
Symbol
CKS = 1
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
A/D conversion start delay tD
6
—
9
4
—
5
Input sampling time
tSPL
—
31
—
—
15
—
A/D conversion time
tCONV
131
—
134
69
—
70
Note: All values represent the number of states.
14.4.4
External Trigger Input Timing
A/D conversion can also be started by an external trigger input. When the TRGE bit is set to 1 in
ADCR, external trigger input is enabled at the ADTRG pin. A falling edge at the ADTRG input
pin sets the ADST bit to 1 in ADCSR, starting A/D conversion. Other operations, in both single
and scan modes, are the same as when the bit ADST has been set to 1 by software. Figure 14.3
shows the timing.
ø
ADTRG
Internal trigger signal
ADST
A/D conversion
Figure 14.3 External Trigger Input Timing
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Section 14 A/D Converter
14.5
A/D Conversion Accuracy Definitions
This LSI's A/D conversion accuracy definitions are given below.
• Resolution
The number of A/D converter digital output codes
• Quantization error
The deviation inherent in the A/D converter, given by 1/2 LSB (see figure 14.4).
• Offset error
The deviation of the analog input voltage value from the ideal A/D conversion characteristic
when the digital output changes from the minimum voltage value 0000000000 to 0000000001
(see figure 14.5).
• Full-scale error
The deviation of the analog input voltage value from the ideal A/D conversion characteristic
when the digital output changes from 1111111110 to 1111111111 (see figure 14.5).
• Nonlinearity error
The error with respect to the ideal A/D conversion characteristics between zero voltage and
full-scale voltage. Does not include offset error, full-scale error, or quantization error.
• Absolute accuracy
The deviation between the digital value and the analog input value. Includes offset error, fullscale error, quantization error, and nonlinearity error.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 226 of 354
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Section 14 A/D Converter
Digital output
Ideal A/D conversion
characteristic
111
110
101
100
011
010
Quantization error
001
000
1
8
2
8
3
8
4
8
5
8
6
8
7 FS
8
Analog
input voltage
Figure 14.4 A/D Conversion Accuracy Definitions (1)
Full-scale error
Digital output
Ideal A/D conversion
characteristic
Nonlinearity
error
Actual A/D conversion
characteristic
Offset error
FS
Analog
input voltage
Figure 14.5 A/D Conversion Accuracy Definitions (2)
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Section 14 A/D Converter
14.6
Usage Notes
14.6.1
Permissible Signal Source Impedance
This LSI's analog input is designed such that conversion accuracy is guaranteed for an input signal
for which the signal source impedance is 5 kΩ or less. This specification is provided to enable the
A/D converter's sample-and-hold circuit input capacitance to be charged within the sampling time;
if the sensor output impedance exceeds 5 kΩ, charging may be insufficient and it may not be
possible to guarantee A/D conversion accuracy. However, for A/D conversion in single mode with
a large capacitance provided externally, the input load will essentially comprise only the internal
input resistance of 10 kΩ, and the signal source impedance is ignored. However, as a low-pass
filter effect is obtained in this case, it may not be possible to follow an analog signal with a large
differential coefficient (e.g., 5 mV/µs or greater) (see figure 14.6). When converting a high-speed
analog signal or converting in scan mode, a low-impedance buffer should be inserted.
14.6.2
Influences on Absolute Accuracy
Adding capacitance results in coupling with GND, and therefore noise in GND may adversely
affect absolute accuracy. Be sure to make the connection to an electrically stable GND.
Care is also required to ensure that filter circuits do not interfere with digital signals or act as
antennas on the mounting board.
This LSI
Sensor output
impedance
to 5 kΩ
A/D converter
equivalent circuit
10 kΩ
Sensor input
Low-pass
filter
C to 0.1 µF
Cin =
15 pF
Figure 14.6 Analog Input Circuit Example
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 228 of 354
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20 pF
Section 15 Power-On Reset and Low-Voltage Detection Circuits (Optional)
Section 15 Power-On Reset and Low-Voltage Detection
Circuits (Optional)
This LSI can include a power-on reset circuit and low-voltage detection circuit as optional circuits.
The low-voltage detection circuit consists of two circuits: LVDI (interrupt by low voltage detect)
and LVDR (reset by low voltage detect) circuits.
This circuit is used to prevent abnormal operation (runaway execution) from occurring due to the
power supply voltage fall and to recreate the state before the power supply voltage fall when the
power supply voltage rises again.
Even if the power supply voltage falls, the unstable state when the power supply voltage falls
below the guaranteed operating voltage can be removed by entering standby mode when
exceeding the guaranteed operating voltage and during normal operation. Thus, system stability
can be improved. If the power supply voltage falls more, the reset state is automatically entered. If
the power supply voltage rises again, the reset state is held for a specified period, then active mode
is automatically entered.
Figure 15.1 is a block diagram of the power-on reset circuit and the low-voltage detection circuit.
15.1
Features
• Power-on reset circuit
Uses an external capacitor to generate an internal reset signal when power is first supplied.
• Low-voltage detection circuit
LVDR: Monitors the power-supply voltage, and generates an internal reset signal when the
voltage falls below a specified value.
LVDI: Monitors the power-supply voltage, and generates an interrupt when the voltage falls
below or rises above respective specified values.
Two pairs of detection levels for reset generation voltage are available: when only the LVDR
circuit is used, or when the LVDI and LVDR circuits are both used.
LVI0000A_000020030300
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Section 15 Power-On Reset and Low-Voltage Detection Circuits (Optional)
φ
CK
R
OVF
PSS
R
RES
Internal reset
signal
Q
Noise canceler
S
Power-on reset circuit
Noise canceler
Vcc
Ladder
resistor
Internal data bus
LVDCR
Vreset
+
−
Vint
LVDRES
+
−
LVDINT
Interrupt
control
circuit
LVDSR
Reference
voltage
generator
Interrupt
request
Low-voltage detection circuit
Legend
PSS:
LVDCR:
LVDSR:
LVDRES:
LVDINT:
Vreset:
Vint:
Prescaler S
Low-voltage-detection control register
Low-voltage-detection status register
Low-voltage-detection reset signal
Low-voltage-detection interrupt signal
Reset detection voltage
Power-supply fall/rise detection voltage
Figure 15.1 Block Diagram of Power-On Reset Circuit and Low-Voltage Detection Circuit
15.2
Register Descriptions
The low-voltage detection circuit has the following registers.
• Low-voltage-detection control register (LVDCR)
• Low-voltage-detection status register (LVDSR)
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Section 15 Power-On Reset and Low-Voltage Detection Circuits (Optional)
15.2.1
Low-Voltage-Detection Control Register (LVDCR)
LVDCR is used to enable or disable the low-voltage detection circuit, set the detection levels for
the LVDR function, enable or disable the LVDR function, and enable or disable generation of an
interrupt when the power-supply voltage rises above or falls below the respective levels.
Table 15.1 shows the relationship between the LVDCR settings and select functions. LVDCR
should be set according to table 15.1.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7
LVDE
0*
R/W
LVD Enable
0: The low-voltage detection circuit is not used (In
standby mode)
1: The low-voltage detection circuit is used

6 to 4
All 1

Reserved
These bits are always read as 1, and cannot be modified.
3
LVDSEL
0*
R/W
LVDR Detection Level Select
0: Reset detection voltage is 2.3 V (typ.)
1: Reset detection voltage is 3.6 V (typ.)
When the falling or rising voltage detection interrupt is
used, reset detection voltage of 2.3 V (typ.) should be
used. When only a reset detection interrupt is used, reset
detection voltage of 3.6 V (typ.) should be used.
2
LVDRE
0*
R/W
LVDR Enable
0: Disables the LVDR function
1: Enables the LVDR function
1
LVDDE
0
R/W
Voltage-Fall-Interrupt Enable
0: Interrupt on the power-supply voltage falling below the
selected detection level disabled
1: Interrupt on the power-supply voltage falling below the
selected detection level enabled
0
LVDUE
0
R/W
Voltage-Rise-Interrupt Enable
0: Interrupt on the power-supply voltage rising above the
selected detection level disabled
1: Interrupt on the power-supply voltage rising above the
selected detection level enabled
Note:
*
Not initialized by LVDR but initialized by a power-on reset or WDT reset.
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Section 15 Power-On Reset and Low-Voltage Detection Circuits (Optional)
Table 15.1 LVDCR Settings and Select Functions
LVDCR Settings
Select Functions
LVDE
LVDSEL
LVDRE
LVDDE
LVDUE
Power-On
Reset
LVDR
Low-VoltageDetection
Falling
Interrupt
0
*
*
*
*
O



1
1
1
0
0
O
O


1
0
0
1
0
O

O

1
0
0
1
1
O

O
O
1
0
1
1
1
O
O
O
O
Legend
* means invalid.
15.2.2
Low-Voltage-Detection Status Register (LVDSR)
Low-VoltageDetection
Rising
Interrupt
LVDSR indicates whether the power-supply voltage falls below or rises above the respective
specified values.
Bit
Bit Name
Initial
Value
R/W
Description
7 to 2

All 1

Reserved
1
LVDDF
0*
R/W
LVD Power-Supply Voltage Fall Flag
These bits are always read as 1, and cannot be modified.
[Setting condition]
When the power-supply voltage falls below Vint (D) (typ. =
3.7 V)
[Clearing condition]
Writing 0 to this bit after reading it as 1
0
LVDUF
0*
R/W
LVD Power-Supply Voltage Rise Flag
[Setting condition]
When the power supply voltage falls below Vint (D) while
the LVDUE bit in LVDCR is set to 1, then rises above Vint
(U) (typ. = 4.0 V) before falling below Vreset1 (typ. = 2.3 V)
[Clearing condition]
Writing 0 to this bit after reading it as 1
Note:
*
Initialized by LVDR.
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Section 15 Power-On Reset and Low-Voltage Detection Circuits (Optional)
15.3
Operation
15.3.1
Power-On Reset Circuit
Figure 15.2 shows the timing of the operation of the power-on reset circuit. As the power-supply
voltage rises, the capacitor which is externally connected to the RES pin is gradually charged via
the on-chip pull-up resistor (typ. 150 kΩ). Since the state of the RES pin is transmitted within the
chip, the prescaler S and the entire chip are in their reset states. When the level on the RES pin
reaches the specified value, the prescaler S is released from its reset state and it starts counting.
The OVF signal is generated to release the internal reset signal after the prescaler S has counted
131,072 clock (φ) cycles. The noise cancellation circuit of approximately 100 ns is incorporated to
prevent the incorrect operation of the chip by noise on the RES pin.
To achieve stable operation of this LSI, the power supply needs to rise to its full level and settles
within the specified time. The maximum time required for the power supply to rise and settle after
power has been supplied (tPWON) is determined by the oscillation frequency (fOSC) and capacitance
which is connected to RES pin (CRES). If tPWON means the time required to reach 90 % of power
supply voltage, the power supply circuit should be designed to satisfy the following formula.
tPWON (ms) ≤ 90 × CRES (µF) + 162/fOSC (MHz)
(tPWON ≤ 3000 ms, CRES ≥ 0.22 µF, and fOSC = 10 in 2-MHz to 10-MHz operation)
Note that the power supply voltage (Vcc) must fall below Vpor = 100 mV and rise after charge on
the RES pin is removed. To remove charge on the RES pin, it is recommended that the diode
should be placed near Vcc. If the power supply voltage (Vcc) rises from the point above Vpor, a
power-on reset may not occur.
tPWON
Vcc
Vpor
Vss
RES
Vss
PSS-reset
signal
OVF
Internal reset
signal
131,072 cycles
PSS counter starts
Reset released
Figure 15.2 Operational Timing of Power-On Reset Circuit
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Section 15 Power-On Reset and Low-Voltage Detection Circuits (Optional)
15.3.2
(1)
Low-Voltage Detection Circuit
LVDR (Reset by Low Voltage Detect) Circuit
Figure 15.3 shows the timing of the LVDR function. The LVDR enters the module-standby state
after a power-on reset is canceled. To operate the LVDR, set the LVDE bit in LVDCR to 1, wait
for 50 µs (tLVDON) until the reference voltage and the low-voltage-detection power supply have
stabilized by a software timer, etc., then set the LVDRE bit in LVDCR to 1. After that, the output
settings of ports must be made. To cancel the low-voltage detection circuit, first the LVDRE bit
should be cleared to 0 and then the LVDE bit should be cleared to 0. The LVDE and LVDRE bits
must not be cleared to 0 simultaneously because incorrect operation may occur.
When the power-supply voltage falls below the Vreset voltage (typ. = 2.3 V or 3.6 V), the LVDR
clears the LVDRES signal to 0, and resets the prescaler S. The low-voltage detection reset state
remains in place until a power-on reset is generated. When the power-supply voltage rises above
the Vreset voltage again, the prescaler S starts counting. It counts 131,072 clock (φ) cycles, and
then releases the internal reset signal. In this case, the LVDE, LVDSEL, and LVDRE bits in
LVDCR are not initialized.
Note that if the power supply voltage (Vcc) falls below VLVDRmin = 1.0 V and then rises from that
point, the low-voltage detection reset may not occur.
If the power supply voltage (Vcc) falls below Vpor = 100 mV, a power-on reset occurs.
VCC
Vreset
VLVDRmin
VSS
LVDRES
PSS-reset
signal
OVF
Internal reset
signal
131,072 cycles
PSS counter starts
Reset released
Figure 15.3 Operational Timing of LVDR Circuit
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Section 15 Power-On Reset and Low-Voltage Detection Circuits (Optional)
(2)
LVDI (Interrupt by Low Voltage Detect) Circuit
Figure 15.4 shows the timing of LVDI functions. The LVDI enters the module-standby state after
a power-on reset is canceled. To operate the LVDI, set the LVDE bit in LVDCR to 1, wait for 50
µs (tLVDON) until the reference voltage and the low-voltage-detection power supply have stabilized
by a software timer, etc., then set the LVDDE and LVDUE bits in LVDCR to 1. After that, the
output settings of ports must be made. To cancel the low-voltage detection circuit, first the
LVDDE and LVDUE bits should all be cleared to 0 and then the LVDE bit should be cleared to 0.
The LVDE bit must not be cleared to 0 at the same timing as the LVDDE and LVDUE bits
because incorrect operation may occur.
When the power-supply voltage falls below Vint (D) (typ. = 3.7 V) voltage, the LVDI clears the
LVDINT signal to 0 and the LVDDF bit in LVDSR is set to 1. If the LVDDE bit is 1 at this time,
an IRQ0 interrupt request is simultaneously generated. In this case, the necessary data must be
saved in the external EEPROM, etc, and a transition must be made to standby mode or subsleep
mode. Until this processing is completed, the power supply voltage must be higher than the lower
limit of the guaranteed operating voltage.
When the power-supply voltage does not fall below Vreset1 (typ. = 2.3 V) voltage but rises above
Vint (U) (typ. = 4.0 V) voltage, the LVDI sets the LVDINT signal to 1. If the LVDUE bit is 1 at
this time, the LVDUF bit in LVDSR is set to 1 and an IRQ0 interrupt request is simultaneously
generated.
If the power supply voltage (Vcc) falls below Vreset1 (typ. = 2.3 V) voltage, the LVDR function
is performed.
Vint (U)
Vint (D)
Vcc
Vreset1
VSS
LVDINT
LVDDE
LVDDF
LVDUE
LVDUF
IRQ0 interrupt generated IRQ0 interrupt generated
Figure 15.4 Operational Timing of LVDI Circuit
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Section 15 Power-On Reset and Low-Voltage Detection Circuits (Optional)
(3)
Procedures for Clearing Settings when Using LVDR and LVDI
To operate or release the low-voltage detection circuit normally, follow the procedure described
below. Figure 15.5 shows the timing for the operation and release of the low-voltage detection
circuit.
1. To operate the low-voltage detection circuit, set the LVDE bit in LVDCR to 1.
2. Wait for 50 µs (tLVDON) until the reference voltage and the low-voltage-detection power supply
have stabilized by a software timer, etc. Then, clear the LVDDF and LVDUF bits in LVDSR
to 0 and set the LVDRE, LVDDE, and LVDUE bits in LVDCR to 1, as required.
3. To release the low-voltage detection circuit, start by clearing all of the LVDRE, LVDDE, and
LVDUE bits to 0. Then clear the LVDE bit to 0. The LVDE bit must not be cleared to 0 at the
same timing as the LVDRE, LVDDE, and LVDUE bits because incorrect operation may occur.
LVDE
LVDRE
LVDDE
LVDUE
tLVDON
Figure 15.5 Timing for Operation/Release of Low-Voltage Detection Circuit
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Section 16 Power Supply Circuit
Section 16 Power Supply Circuit
This LSI incorporates an internal power supply step-down circuit. Use of this circuit enables the
internal power supply to be fixed at a constant level of approximately 3.0 V, independently of the
voltage of the power supply connected to the external VCC pin. As a result, the current consumed
when an external power supply is used at 3.0 V or above can be held down to virtually the same
low level as when used at approximately 3.0 V. If the external power supply is 3.0 V or below, the
internal voltage will be practically the same as the external voltage. It is, of course, also possible to
use the same level of external power supply voltage and internal power supply voltage without
using the internal power supply step-down circuit.
16.1
When Using Internal Power Supply Step-Down Circuit
Connect the external power supply to the VCC pin, and connect a capacitance of approximately 0.1
µF between VCL and VSS, as shown in figure 16.1. The internal step-down circuit is made effective
simply by adding this external circuit. In the external circuit interface, the external power supply
voltage connected to VCC and the GND potential connected to VSS are the reference levels. For
example, for port input/output levels, the VCC level is the reference for the high level, and the VSS
level is that for the low level. The A/D converter analog power supply is not affected by the
internal step-down circuit.
VCC
Step-down circuit
Internal
logic
VCC = 3.0 to 5.5 V
VCL
Stabilization
capacitance
(approx. 0.1 µF)
Internal
power
supply
VSS
Figure 16.1 Power Supply Connection when Internal Step-Down Circuit is Used
PSCKT00A_000020020200
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Section 16 Power Supply Circuit
16.2
When Not Using Internal Power Supply Step-Down Circuit
When the internal power supply step-down circuit is not used, connect the external power supply
to the VCL pin and VCC pin, as shown in figure 16.2. The external power supply is then input directly
to the internal power supply. The permissible range for the power supply voltage is 3.0 V to 3.6 V.
Operation cannot be guaranteed if a voltage outside this range (less than 3.0 V or more than 3.6 V)
is input.
VCC
Step-down circuit
Internal
logic
VCC = 3.0 to 3.6 V
VCL
Internal
power
supply
VSS
Figure 16.2 Power Supply Connection when Internal Step-Down Circuit is Not Used
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Section 17 List of Registers
Section 17 List of Registers
The register list gives information on the on-chip I/O register addresses, how the register bits are
configured, and the register states in each operating mode. The information is given as shown
below.
1.
•
•
•
•
Register addresses (address order)
Registers are listed from the lower allocation addresses.
Registers are classified by functional modules.
The data bus width is indicated.
The number of access states is indicated.
2.
•
•
•
Register bits
Bit configurations of the registers are described in the same order as the register addresses.
Reserved bits are indicated by  in the bit name column.
When registers consist of 16 bits, bits are described from the MSB side.
3. Register states in each operating mode
• Register states are described in the same order as the register addresses.
• The register states described here are for the basic operating modes. If there is a specific reset
for an on-chip peripheral module, refer to the section on that on-chip peripheral module.
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Section 17 List of Registers
17.1
Register Addresses (Address Order)
The data bus width indicates the numbers of bits by which the register is accessed.
The number of access states indicates the number of states based on the specified reference clock.
Register Name
Abbreviation
Bit No Address
Module
Name
Data Bus Access
Width
State
Serial mode register_3
SMR_3
8
H'F600
SCI3_3
8
3
Bit rate register_3
BRR_3
8
H'F601
SCI3_3
8
3
Serial control register 3_3
SCR3_3
8
H'F602
SCI3_3
8
3
Transmit data register_3
TDR_3
8
H'F603
SCI3_3
8
3
Serial status register_3
SSR_3
8
H'F604
SCI3_3
8
3
Receive data register_3
RDR_3
8
H'F605
SCI3_3
8
3



H'F606,
H'F607
SCI3_3


SCI3_3 module control register
SMCR
8
H'F608
SCI3_3
8
3
1
8
2
Low-voltage-detection control
register
LVDCR
8
H'F730
LVDC*
Low-voltage-detection status
register
LVDSR
8
H'F731
LVDC*1
8
2
Serial mode register_2
SMR_2
8
H'F740
SCI3_2
8
3
Bit rate register_2
BRR_2
8
H'F741
SCI3_2
8
3
Serial control register 3_2
SCR3_2
8
H'F742
SCI3_2
8
3
Transmit data register_2
TDR_2
8
H'F743
SCI3_2
8
3
Serial status register_2
SSR_2
8
H'F744
SCI3_2
8
3
Receive data register_2
RDR_2
8
H'F745
SCI3_2
8
3
Timer mode register W
TMRW
8
H'FF80
Timer W
8
2
Timer control register W
TCRW
8
H'FF81
Timer W
8
2
Timer interrupt enable register W TIERW
8
H'FF82
Timer W
8
2
Timer status register W
TSRW
8
H'FF83
Timer W
8
2
Timer I/O control register 0
TIOR0
8
H'FF84
Timer W
8
2
Timer I/O control register 1
TIOR1
8
H'FF85
Timer W
8
Timer counter
General register A
TCNT
GRA
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 240 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
16
16
H'FF86
H'FF88
Timer W
Timer W
2
2
2
2
2
16*
16*
Section 17 List of Registers
Register Name
Abbreviation
Bit No Address
Module
Name
Data Bus Access
Width
State
General register B
GRB
16
Timer W
16*2
2
Timer W
2
2
2
General register C
GRC
16
H'FF8A
H'FF8C
16*
General register D
GRD
16
H'FF8E
Timer W
16*
2
Flash memory control register 1
FLMCR1
8
H'FF90
ROM
8
2
Flash memory control register 2
FLMCR2
8
H'FF91
ROM
8
2
Erase block register 1
EBR1
8
H'FF93
ROM
8
2
Flash memory enable register
FENR
8
H'FF9B
ROM
8
2
Timer control register V0
TCRV0
8
H'FFA0
Timer V
8
3
Timer control/status register V
TCSRV
8
H'FFA1
Timer V
8
3
Timer constant register A
TCORA
8
H'FFA2
Timer V
8
3
Timer constant register B
TCORB
8
H'FFA3
Timer V
8
3
Timer counter V
TCNTV
8
H'FFA4
Timer V
8
3
Timer control register V1
TCRV1
8
H'FFA5
Timer V
8
3
Serial mode register
SMR
8
H'FFA8
SCI3
8
3
Bit rate register
BRR
8
H'FFA9
SCI3
8
3
Serial control register 3
SCR3
8
H'FFAA
SCI3
8
3
Transmit data register
TDR
8
H'FFAB
SCI3
8
3
Serial status register
SSR
8
H'FFAC
SCI3
8
3
Receive data register
RDR
8
H'FFAD
SCI3
8
3
A/D data register A
ADDRA
16
H'FFB0
A/D
8
converter
3
A/D data register B
ADDRB
16
H'FFB2
A/D
8
converter
3
A/D data register C
ADDRC
16
H'FFB4
A/D
8
converter
3
A/D data register D
ADDRD
16
H'FFB6
A/D
8
converter
3
A/D control/status register
ADCSR
8
H'FFB8
A/D
8
converter
3
A/D control register
ADCR
8
H'FFB9
A/D
8
converter
3
Timer control/status register WD
TCSRWD
8
H'FFC0
WDT*
3
8
2
WDT*
3
8
2
Timer counter WD
TCWD
8
H'FFC1
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 241 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 17 List of Registers
Register Name
Abbreviation
Bit No Address
Module
Name
Data Bus Access
Width
State
Timer mode register WD
TMWD
8
H'FFC2
WDT*3
8
2
Address break control register
ABRKCR
8
H'FFC8
Address
break
8
2
Address break status register
ABRKSR
8
H'FFC9
Address
break
8
2
Break address register H
BARH
8
H'FFCA
Address
break
8
2
Break address register L
BARL
8
H'FFCB
Address
break
8
2
Break data register H
BDRH
8
H'FFCC
Address
break
8
2
Break data register L
BDRL
8
H'FFCD
Address
break
8
2
Port pull-up control register 1
PUCR1
8
H'FFD0
I/O port
8
2
Port pull-up control register 5
PUCR5
8
H'FFD1
I/O port
8
2
Port data register 1
PDR1
8
H'FFD4
I/O port
8
2
Port data register 2
PDR2
8
H'FFD5
I/O port
8
2
Port data register 5
PDR5
8
H'FFD8
I/O port
8
2
Port data register 7
PDR7
8
H'FFDA
I/O port
8
2
Port data register 8
PDR8
8
H'FFDB
I/O port
8
2
Port data register B
PDRB
8
H'FFDD
I/O port
8
2
Port mode register 1
PMR1
8
H'FFE0
I/O port
8
2
Port mode register 5
PMR5
8
H'FFE1
I/O port
8
2
Port control register 1
PCR1
8
H'FFE4
I/O port
8
2
Port control register 2
PCR2
8
H'FFE5
I/O port
8
2
Port control register 5
PCR5
8
H'FFE8
I/O port
8
2
Port control register 7
PCR7
8
H'FFEA
I/O port
8
2
Port control register 8
PCR8
8
H'FFEB
I/O port
8
2
System control register 1
SYSCR1
8
H'FFF0
Powerdown
8
2
System control register 2
SYSCR2
8
H'FFF1
Powerdown
8
2
Interrupt edge select register 1
IEGR1
8
H'FFF2
Interrupts 8
2
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 242 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 17 List of Registers
Register Name
Abbreviation
Bit No Address
Module
Name
Data Bus Access
Width
State
Interrupt edge select register 2
IEGR2
8
H'FFF3
Interrupts 8
2
Interrupt enable register 1
IENR1
8
H'FFF4
Interrupts 8
2
Interrupt flag register 1
IRR1
8
H'FFF6
Interrupts 8
2
Wake-up interrupt flag register
IWPR
8
H'FFF8
Interrupts 8
2
Module standby control register 1 MSTCR1
8
H'FFF9
Powerdown
8
2
Module standby control register 2 MSTCR2
8
H'FFFA
Powerdown
8
2
Notes: 1. LVDC: Low-voltage detection circuits (optional)
2. Only word access can be used.
3. WDT: Watchdog timer
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 243 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 17 List of Registers
17.2
Register Bits
Register bit names of the on-chip peripheral modules are described below.
Each line covers eight bits, and 16-bit registers are shown as 2 lines.
Register
Name
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Module
Name
SMR_3
COM
CHR
PE
PM
STOP
MP
CKS1
CKS0
SCI3_3
BRR_3
BRR7
BRR6
BRR5
BRR4
BRR3
BRR2
BRR1
BRR0
SCR3_3
TIE
RIE
TE
RE
MPIE
TEIE
CKE1
CKE0
TDR_3
TDR7
TDR6
TDR5
TDR4
TDR3
TDR2
TDR1
TDR0
SSR_3
TDRE
RDRF
OER
FER
PER
TEND
MPBR
MPBT
RDR_3
RDR7
RDR6
RDR5
RDR4
RDR3
RDR2
RDR1
RDR0
SMCR
−
−
−
−
−
−
TXD_3
MSTS3_3
LVDCR
LVDE
−
−
−
LVDSEL LVDRE
LVDDE
LVDUE
LVDSR
−
−
−
−
−
−
LVDDF
LVDUF
SMR_2
COM
CHR
PE
PM
STOP
MP
CKS1
CKS0
BRR_2
BRR7
BRR6
BRR5
BRR4
BRR3
BRR2
BRR1
BRR0
SCR3_2
TIE
RIE
TE
RE
MPIE
TEIE
CKE1
CKE0
TDR_2
TDR7
TDR6
TDR5
TDR4
TDR3
TDR2
TDR1
TDR0
SSR_2
TDRE
RDRF
OER
FER
PER
TEND
MPBR
MPBT
RDR_2
RDR7
RDR6
RDR5
RDR4
RDR3
RDR2
RDR1
RDR0
TMRW
CTS
—
BUFEB
BUFEA
—
PWMD
PWMC
PWMB
TCRW
CCLR
CKS2
CKS1
CKS0
TOD
TOC
TOB
TOA
TIERW
OVIE
—
—
—
IMIED
IMIEC
IMIEB
IMIEA
TSRW
OVF
—
—
—
IMFD
IMFC
IMFB
IMFA
TIOR0
—
IOB2
IOB1
IOB0
—
IOA2
IOA1
IOA0
TIOR1
—
IOD2
IOD1
IOD0
—
IOC2
IOC1
IOC0
TCNT
TCNT15 TCNT14 TCNT13 TCNT12 TCNT11 TCNT10 TCNT9
TCNT8
TCNT7
TCNT0
GRA
GRB
TCNT6
TCNT5
TCNT4
TCNT3
TCNT2
TCNT1
GRA15
GRA14
GRA13
GRA12
GRA11
GRA10
GRA9
GRA8
GRA7
GRA6
GRA5
GRA4
GRA3
GRA2
GRA1
GRA0
GRB15
GRB14
GRB13
GRB12
GRB11
GRB10
GRB9
GRB8
GRB7
GRB6
GRB5
GRB4
GRB3
GRB2
GRB1
GRB0
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 244 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
LVDC
(optional)
SCI3_2
Timer W
Section 17 List of Registers
Register
Name
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Module
Name
GRC
GRC15
GRC14
GRC13
GRC12
GRC11
GRC10
GRC9
GRC8
Timer W
GRC7
GRC6
GRC5
GRC4
GRC3
GRC2
GRC1
GRC0
GRD
GRD15
GRD14
GRD13
GRD12
GRD11
GRD10
GRD9
GRD8
GRD7
GRD6
GRD5
GRD4
GRD3
GRD2
GRD1
GRD0
FLMCR1
—
SWE
ESU
PSU
EV
PV
E
P
FLMCR2
FLER
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
EBR1
—
—
—
EB4
EB3
EB2
EB1
EB0
FENR
FLSHE
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
TCRV0
CMIEB
CMIEA
OVIE
CCLR1
CCLR0
CKS2
CKS1
CKS0
TCSRV
CMFB
CMFA
OVF
—
OS3
OS2
OS1
OS0
TCORA
TCORA7 TCORA6 TCORA5 TCORA4 TCORA3 TCORA2 TCORA1 TCORA0
TCORB
TCORB7 TCORB6 TCORB5 TCORB4 TCORB3 TCORB2 TCORB1 TCORB0
TCNTV
TCNTV7 TCNTV6 TCNTV5 TCNTV4
TCNTV3 TCNTV2 TCNTV1 TCNTV0
TCRV1
—
—
—
TVEG1
TVEG0
TRGE
—
ICKS0
SMR
COM
CHR
PE
PM
STOP
MP
CKS1
CKS0
BRR
BRR7
BRR6
BRR5
BRR4
BRR3
BRR2
BRR1
BRR0
SCR3
TIE
RIE
TE
RE
MPIE
TEIE
CKE1
CKE0
TDR
TDR7
TDR6
TDR5
TDR4
TDR3
TDR2
TDR1
TDR0
SSR
TDRE
RDRF
OER
FER
PER
TEND
MPBR
MPBT
RDR
RDR7
RDR6
RDR5
RDR4
RDR3
RDR2
RDR1
RDR0
ADDRA
AD9
AD8
AD7
AD6
AD5
AD4
AD3
AD2
AD1
AD0
—
—
—
—
—
—
AD9
AD8
AD7
AD6
AD5
AD4
AD3
AD2
AD1
AD0
—
—
—
—
—
—
AD9
AD8
AD7
AD6
AD5
AD4
AD3
AD2
AD1
AD0
—
—
—
—
—
—
ADDRB
ADDRC
ADDRD
ROM
SCI3
A/D converter
AD9
AD8
AD7
AD6
AD5
AD4
AD3
AD2
AD1
AD0
—
—
—
—
—
—
ADCSR
ADF
ADIE
ADST
SCAN
CKS
CH2
CH1
CH0
ADCR
TRGE
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
TCWE
B4WI
TCSRWE B2WI
WDON
B0WI
WRST
TCSRWD B6WI
Timer V
TCWD
TCWD7
TCWD6
TCWD5
TCWD4
TCWD3
TCWD2
TCWD1
TCWD0
TMWD
—
—
—
—
CKS3
CKS2
CKS1
CKS0
WDT*
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 245 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 17 List of Registers
Register
Name
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
ABRKCR
RTINTE
CSEL1
CSEL0
ACMP2
ACMP1
ACMP0
DCMP1
DCMP0
ABRKSR
ABIF
ABIE
—
—
—
—
—
—
BARH
BARH7
BARH6
BARH5
BARH4
BARH3
BARH2
BARH1
BARH0
BARL
BARL7
BARL6
BARL5
BARL4
BARL3
BARL2
BARL1
BARL0
BDRH
BDRH7
BDRH6
BDRH5
BDRH4
BDRH3
BDRH2
BDRH1
BDRH0
BDRL
BDRL7
BDRL6
BDRL5
BDRL4
BDRL3
BDRL2
BDRL1
BDRL0
PUCR1
PUCR17
PUCR16 PUCR15 PUCR14 —
PUCR5
—
—
PUCR55 PUCR54 PUCR53 PUCR52 PUCR51 PUCR50
PDR1
P17
P16
P15
P14
—
P12
P11
P10
PDR2
—
—
—
—
—
P22
P21
P20
PDR5
P57
P56
P55
P54
P53
P52
P51
P50
PDR7
—
P76
P75
P74
P73
P72
P71
P70
—
—
—
P84
P83
P82
P81
P80
PDRB
—
—
—
—
PB3
PB2
PB1
PB0
PMR1
IRQ3
—
—
IRQ0
TXD2
—
TXD
—
PMR5
POF57
POF56
WKP5
WKP4
WKP3
WKP2
WKP1
WKP0
PCR1
PCR17
PCR16
PCR15
PCR14
—
PCR12
PCR11
PCR10
PCR2
—
—
—
—
—
PCR22
PCR21
PCR20
PCR5
PCR57
PCR56
PCR55
PCR54
PCR53
PCR52
PCR51
PCR50
PCR7
—
PCR76
PCR75
PCR74
PCR73
PCR72
PCR71
PCR70
PCR8
—
—
—
PCR84
PCR83
PCR82
PCR81
PCR80
SYSCR1
SSBY
STS2
STS1
STS0
—
—
—
—
SYSCR2
SMSEL
—
DTON
MA2
MA1
MA0
—
—
IEGR1
—
—
—
—
IEG3
—
—
IEG0
IEGR2
—
—
WPEG5
WPEG4
WPEG3
WPEG2
WPEG1
WPEG0
IENR1
IENDT
—
IENWP
—
IEN3
—
—
IEN0
IRR1
IRRDT
—
—
—
IRRI3
—
—
IRRI0
IWPR
—
—
IWPF5
IWPF4
IWPF3
IWPF2
IWPF1
IWPF0
MSTCR1
—
—
MSTS3
MSTAD
MSTWD MSTTW
MSTTV
—
MSTCR2
MSTS3_2 —
—
—
—
—
—
Note:
WDT: Watchdog timer
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 246 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Address
break
PUCR12 PUCR11 PUCR10 I/O port
PDR8
*
Module
Name
—
Power-down
Interrupts
Power-down
Section 17 List of Registers
17.3
Register States in Each Operating Mode
Register
Name
Reset
Active
Sleep
Subsleep
Standby
Module
SMR_3
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
SCI3_3
BRR_3
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
SCR3_3
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
TDR_3
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
SSR_3
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
RDR_3
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
SMCR
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
LVDCR
Initialized
—
—
—
—
LVDSR
Initialized
—
—
—
—
SMR_2
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
LVDC (optional)
BRR_2
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
SCR3_2
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
TDR_2
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
SSR_2
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
RDR_2
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
TMRW
Initialized
—
—
—
—
TCRW
Initialized
—
—
—
—
TIERW
Initialized
—
—
—
—
TSRW
Initialized
—
—
—
—
TIOR0
Initialized
—
—
—
—
TIOR1
Initialized
—
—
—
—
TCNT
Initialized
—
—
—
—
GRA
Initialized
—
—
—
—
GRB
Initialized
—
—
—
—
GRC
Initialized
—
—
—
—
GRD
Initialized
—
—
—
—
SCI3_2
Timer W
FLMCR1
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
FLMCR2
Initialized
—
—
—
—
EBR1
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
FENR
Initialized
—
—
—
—
ROM
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 247 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 17 List of Registers
Register
Name
Reset
Active
Sleep
Subsleep
Standby
Module
TCRV0
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
Timer V
TCSRV
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
TCORA
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
TCORB
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
TCNTV
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
TCRV1
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
SMR
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
BRR
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
SCR3
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
TDR
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
SSR
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
RDR
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
ADDRA
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
ADDRB
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
ADDRC
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
ADDRD
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
ADCSR
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
ADCR
Initialized
—
—
Initialized
Initialized
TCSRWD Initialized
—
—
—
—
TCWD
—
—
—
—
Initialized
TMWD
Initialized
—
—
—
—
ABRKCR
Initialized
—
—
—
—
ABRKSR
Initialized
—
—
—
—
BARH
Initialized
—
—
—
—
BARL
Initialized
—
—
—
—
BDRH
Initialized
—
—
—
—
BDRL
Initialized
—
—
—
—
PUCR1
Initialized
—
—
—
—
PUCR5
Initialized
—
—
—
—
PDR1
Initialized
—
—
—
—
PDR2
Initialized
—
—
—
—
PDR5
Initialized
—
—
—
—
PDR7
Initialized
—
—
—
—
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 248 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
SCI3
A/D converter
WDT*
Address Break
I/O port
Section 17 List of Registers
Register
Name
Reset
Active
Sleep
Subsleep
Standby
Module
PDR8
Initialized
—
—
—
—
I/O port
PDRB
Initialized
—
—
—
—
PMR1
Initialized
—
—
—
—
PMR5
Initialized
—
—
—
—
PCR1
Initialized
—
—
—
—
PCR2
Initialized
—
—
—
—
PCR5
Initialized
—
—
—
—
PCR7
Initialized
—
—
—
—
PCR8
Initialized
—
—
—
—
SYSCR1
Initialized
—
—
—
—
SYSCR2
Initialized
—
—
—
—
IEGR1
Initialized
—
—
—
—
IEGR2
Initialized
—
—
—
—
IENR1
Initialized
—
—
—
—
IRR1
Initialized
—
—
—
—
IWPR
Initialized
—
—
—
—
MSTCR1
Initialized
—
—
—
—
MSTCR2
Initialized
—
—
—
—
Note:
Power-down
Interrupts
Power-down
 is not initialized
* WDT: Watchdog timer
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 249 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 17 List of Registers
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 250 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
18.1
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Table 18.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
Item
Symbol
Value
Unit
Note
Power supply voltage
VCC
–0.3 to +7.0
V
*
Analog power supply voltage
AVCC
–0.3 to +7.0
V
Input voltage
VIN
Ports other than Port B
Port B
–0.3 to VCC +0.3
V
–0.3 to AVCC +0.3
V
Operating temperature
Topr
–20 to +75
°C
Storage temperature
Tstg
–55 to +125
°C
Note:
*
Permanent damage may result if maximum ratings are exceeded. Normal operation
should be under the conditions specified in Electrical Characteristics. Exceeding these
values can result in incorrect operation and reduced reliability.
18.2
Electrical Characteristics (F-ZTATTM Version)
18.2.1
Power Supply Voltage and Operating Ranges
(1)
Power Supply Voltage and Oscillation Frequency Range
øOSC (MHz)
20.0
10.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.5
VCC (V)
• AVCC = 3.3 V to 5.5 V
• Active mode
• Sleep mode
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 251 of 354
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Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
(2)
Power Supply Voltage and Operating Frequency Range
ø (MHz)
20.0
10.0
1.0
3.0
4.0
5.5
VCC (V)
• AVCC = 3.3 V to 5.5 V
• Active mode
• Sleep mode
(When MA2 = 0 in SYSCR2)
ø (kHz)
3125
1250
78.125
3.0
4.0
5.5
VCC (V)
• AVCC = 3.3 V to 5.5 V
• Active mode
• Sleep mode
(When MA2 = 1 in SYSCR2)
(3)
Analog Power Supply Voltage and A/D Converter Accuracy Guarantee Range
ø (MHz)
20.0
10.0
2.0
3.3
4.0
• VCC = 3.0 V to 5.5 V
• Active mode
• Sleep mode
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 252 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
5.5
AVCC (V)
Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
(4)
Range of Power Supply Voltage and Oscillation Frequency when Low-Voltage
Detection Circuit is Used
φosc (MHz)
20.0
16.0
2.0
Vcc(V)
3.0
4.5
5.5
Operation guarantee range
Operation guarantee range except
A/D conversion accuracy
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 253 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
18.2.2
DC Characteristics
Table 18.2 DC Characteristics (1)
VCC = 3.0 V to 5.5 V, VSS = 0.0 V, Ta = –20°C to +75°C unless otherwise indicated.
Values
Item
Symbol Applicable Pins
Input high VIH
voltage
RES, NMI
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
WKP0 to WKP5,
IRQ0, IRQ3,
ADTRG,TMRIV,
TMCIV, FTCI,
FTIOA to FTIOD,
SCK3, SCK3_2,
1
SCK3_3* , TRGV
RXD, RXD_2,
1
RXD_3* ,
P12 to P10,
P17 to P14,
P22 to P20,
P57 to P50,
P76 to P70,
P84 to P80
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
PB3 to PB0
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
OSC1
Input low
voltage
VIL
Test Condition
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
Typ Max
Unit
VCC × 0.8
—
VCC + 0.3
V
VCC × 0.9
—
VCC + 0.3
VCC × 0.7
—
VCC + 0.3
VCC × 0.8
—
VCC + 0.3
V
VCC × 0.7
—
AVCC + 0.3 V
VCC × 0.8
—
AVCC + 0.3
VCC – 0.5
—
VCC + 0.3
VCC – 0.3
—
VCC + 0.3
RES, NMI
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
WKP0 to WKP5,
IRQ0, IRQ3,
ADTRG,TMRIV,
TMCIV, FTCI,
FTIOA to FTIOD,
SCK3, SCK3_2,
1
SCK3_3* , TRGV
–0.3
—
VCC × 0.2
–0.3
—
VCC × 0.1
RXD, RXD_2,
1
RXD_3* ,
P12 to P10,
P17 to P14,
P22 to P20,
P57 to P50,
P76 to P70,
P84 to P80
PB3 to PB0
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
–0.3
—
VCC × 0.3
–0.3
—
VCC × 0.2
OSC1
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 254 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Min
–0.3
—
0.5
–0.3
—
0.3
V
V
V
V
Notes
Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
Values
Item
Symbol
Applicable Pins
Output
high
voltage
VOH
P12 to P10,
P17 to P14,
P22 to P20,
P57 to P50,
P76 to P70,
P84 to P80
Output
low
voltage
VOL
P12 to P10,
P17 to P14,
P22 to P20,
P57 to P50,
P76 to P70
P84 to P80
Test Condition
Min
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
Typ
Max
Unit
VCC – 1.0 —
—
V
–IOH = 0.1 mA
VCC – 0.5 —
—
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
—
—
0.6
IOL = 0.4 mA
—
—
0.4
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
—
—
1.5
—
—
1.0
—
—
0.4
Notes
–IOH = 1.5 mA
V
IOL = 1.6 mA
V
IOL = 20.0 mA
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
IOL = 10.0 mA
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
IOL = 1.6 mA
IOL = 0.4 mA
Input/
output
leakage
current
Pull-up
MOS
current
| IIL |
–Ip
—
—
0.4
OSC1, RES, NMI VIN = 0.5 V to
WKP0, WKP5,
(VCC – 0.5 V)
IRQ0, IRQ3,
ADTRG, TRGV,
TMRIV, TMCIV,
FTCI, FTIOA to
FTIOD, RXD,
1
RXD_2, RXD_3* ,
SCK3, SCK3_2,
1
SCK3_3*
—
—
1.0
µA
P12 to P10,
P17 to P14,
P22 to P20,
P57 to P50,
P76 to P70,
P84 to P80
VIN = 0.5 V to
(VCC – 0.5 V)
—
—
1.0
µA
PB3 to PB0
VIN = 0.5 V to
(AVCC – 0.5 V)
—
—
1.0
µA
P12 to P10,
P17 to P14,
P55 to P50
VCC = 5.0 V,
VIN = 0.0 V
50.0
—
300.0
µA
VCC = 3.0 V,
VIN = 0.0 V
—
60.0
—
Reference
value
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 255 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
Values
Item
Symbol
Applicable Pins
Test Condition
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Input
capacitance
Cin
All input pins
except power
supply pins
f = 1 MHz,
VIN = 0.0 V,
Ta = 25°C
—
—
15.0
pF
Active
IOPE1
mode
current
consumption
VCC
Active mode 1
VCC = 5.0 V,
fOSC = 20 MHz
—
15.0
30.0
mA
Active mode 1
VCC = 3.0 V,
fOSC = 10 MHz
—
8.0
—
IOPE2
VCC
Active mode 2
VCC = 5.0 V,
fOSC = 20 MHz
—
1.8
3.0
Active mode 2
VCC = 3.0 V,
fOSC = 10 MHz
—
1.2
—
Sleep mode 1
VCC = 5.0 V,
fOSC = 20 MHz
—
11.5
22.5
Sleep mode 1
VCC = 3.0 V,
fOSC = 10 MHz
—
6.5
—
Sleep mode 2
VCC = 5.0 V,
fOSC = 20 MHz
—
1.7
2.7
Sleep mode 2
VCC = 3.0 V,
fOSC = 10 MHz
—
1.1
—
—
—
5.0
Sleep
ISLEEP1
mode
current
consumption
VCC
ISLEEP2
VCC
ISTBY
Standby
mode
current
consumption
VCC
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 256 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Notes
2
*
2
*
Reference
value
mA
2
*
2
*
Reference
value
mA
2
*
2
*
Reference
value
mA
2
*
2
*
Reference
value
µA
2
*
Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
Values
Item
Symbol
RAM data VRAM
retaining
voltage
Applicable Pins
Test Condition
VCC
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
2.0
—
—
V
Notes
Notes: 1. The SCK3_3 and RXD_3 pins are not available in the H8/36014.
2. Pin states during current consumption measurement are given below (excluding current
in the pull-up MOS transistors and output buffers).
Mode
RES Pin
Internal State
Other Pins
Oscillator Pins
Active mode 1
VCC
Operates
VCC
Main clock:
ceramic or crystal
resonator
Active mode 2
Sleep mode 1
Operates
(φOSC/64)
VCC
Sleep mode 2
Standby mode
Only timers operate
VCC
Only timers operate
(φOSC/64)
VCC
CPU and timers
both stop
VCC
Main clock:
ceramic or crystal
resonator
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 257 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
Table 18.2 DC Characteristics (2)
VCC = 3.0 V to 5.5 V, VSS = 0.0 V, Ta = –20°C to +75°C, unless otherwise indicated.
Values
Applicable
Item
Symbol
Pins
Test Condition Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Allowable output low
current (per pin)
IOL
Output pins
except port 8
VCC = 4.0 V to
5.5 V
—
—
2.0
mA
—
—
20.0
mA
Port 8
Allowable output low
current (total)
∑IOL
Allowable output high I –IOH I
current (per pin)
Allowable output high I –∑IOH I
current (total)
Port 8
—
—
10.0
mA
Output pins
except port 8
—
—
0.5
mA
—
—
40.0
mA
Output pins
except port 8
Port 8
—
—
80.0
mA
Output pins
except port 8
—
—
20.0
mA
Port 8
—
—
40.0
mA
—
—
2.0
mA
—
—
0.2
mA
—
—
30.0
mA
—
—
8.0
mA
All output pins
All output pins
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 258 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
VCC = 4.0 V to
5.5 V
VCC = 4.0 V to
5.5 V
VCC = 4.0 V to
5.5 V
Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
18.2.3
AC Characteristics
Table 18.3 AC Characteristics
VCC = 3.0 V to 5.5 V, VSS = 0.0 V, Ta = –20°C to +75°C, unless otherwise specified.
Item
Symbol
System clock
oscillation
frequency
fOSC
System clock (φ)
cycle time
tcyc
Applicable
Pins
OSC1,
OSC2
Instruction cycle
time
Values
Typ
Max
Unit
Reference
Figure
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V 2.0
—
20.0
MHz
*
2.0
—
10.0
MHz
1
—
64
tOSC
—
—
12.8
µs
2
—
—
tcyc
Test Condition
Min
trc
OSC1,
OSC2
—
—
10.0
ms
trc
Oscillation
stabilization time
(ceramic resonator)
OSC1,
OSC2
—
—
5.0
ms
External clock
high width
tCPH
OSC1
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V 20.0
—
—
ns
40.0
—
—
ns
External clock
low width
tCPL
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V 20.0
—
—
ns
40.0
—
—
ns
External clock
rise time
tCPr
OSC1
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V —
—
10.0
ns
—
—
15.0
ns
External clock
fall time
tCPf
OSC1
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V —
—
10.0
ns
—
—
15.0
ns
Oscillation
stabilization time
(crystal resonator)
OSC1
1
2
*
Figure 18.1
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 259 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
Item
Symbol
Applicable
Pins
RES pin low
width
tREL
RES
Values
Typ
Max
Unit
Reference
Figure
At power-on and in trc
modes other than
those below
—
—
ms
Figure 18.2
In active mode and 200
sleep mode
operation
—
—
ns
Test Condition
Min
Input pin high
width
tIH
NMI,
IRQ0, IRQ3,
WKP0 to
WKP5,
TMCIV,
TMRIV,
TRGV,
ADTRG,
FTCI,
FTIOA to
FTIOD
2
—
—
tcyc
Input pin low
width
tIL
NMI,
IRQ0, IRQ3,
WKP0 to
WKP5,
TMCIV,
TMRIV,
TRGV,
ADTRG,
FTCI,
FTIOA to
FTIOD
2
—
—
tcyc
Figure 18.3
Notes: 1. When an external clock is input, the minimum system clock oscillator frequency is
1.0 MHz.
2. Determined by MA2 to MA0 in system control register 2 (SYSCR2).
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 260 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
Table 18.4 Serial Interface (SCI3) Timing
VCC = 3.0 V to 5.5 V, VSS = 0.0 V, Ta = –20°C to +75°C, unless otherwise specified.
Item
Symbol
Input
clock
cycle
Asynchronous
tScyc
Clocked
synchronous
Applicable
Pins
Values
Min
Typ Max Unit
Reference
Figure
SCK3,
SCK3_2,
4
—
—
tcyc
Figure 18.4
SCK3_3*
6
—
—
tcyc
0.4
—
0.6
tScyc
—
—
1
tcyc
—
—
1
tcyc
50.0
—
—
ns
100.0
—
—
ns
50.0
—
—
ns
100.0
—
—
ns
Test Condition
Input clock pulse
width
tSCKW
SCK3,
SCK3_2,
SCK3_3*
Transmit data delay
time (clocked
synchronous)
tTXD
TXD,
TXD_2,
TXD_3*
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
Receive data setup
time (clocked
synchronous)
tRXS
RXD,
RXD_2,
RXD_3*
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
Receive data hold
time (clocked
synchronous)
tRXH
RXD,
RXD_2,
RXD_3*
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
Note:
*
Figure 18.5
The SCK3_3, RXD_3, and TXD_3 pins are not available in the H8/36014.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 261 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
18.2.4
A/D Converter Characteristics
Table 18.5 A/D Converter Characteristics
VCC = 3.0 V to 5.5 V, VSS = 0.0 V, Ta = –20°C to +75°C, unless otherwise specified.
Item
Symbol
Applicable
Pins
Test
Condition
Values
Min
Typ Max
Unit
Notes
V
*
Analog power supply AVCC
voltage
AVCC
3.3
VCC
5.5
Analog input voltage AVIN
AN3 to
AN0
VSS – 0.3
—
AVCC + 0.3 V
Analog power supply AIOPE
current
AVCC
—
2.0
mA
AVCC = 5.0 V —
1
fOSC =
20 MHz
2
AISTOP1
AVCC
—
50
—
µA
*
Reference
value
AISTOP2
AVCC
—
—
5.0
µA
*
Analog input
capacitance
CAIN
AN3 to
AN0
—
—
30.0
pF
Allowable signal
source impedance
RAIN
AN3 to
AN0
—
—
5.0
kΩ
10
10
10
bit
—
—
tcyc
Resolution (data
length)
Conversion time
(single mode)
AVCC = 3.3 V 134
to 5.5 V
Nonlinearity error
—
—
±7.5
LSB
Offset error
—
—
±7.5
LSB
Full-scale error
—
—
±7.5
LSB
Quantization error
—
—
±0.5
LSB
Absolute accuracy
—
—
±8.0
LSB
AVCC = 4.0 V 70
to 5.5 V
—
—
tcyc
Nonlinearity error
—
—
±7.5
LSB
Offset error
—
—
±7.5
LSB
Full-scale error
—
—
±7.5
LSB
Quantization error
—
—
±0.5
LSB
Absolute accuracy
—
—
±8.0
LSB
Conversion time
(single mode)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 262 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
3
Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
Item
Symbol
Applicable
Pins
Conversion time
(single mode)
Test
Condition
Values
Min
AVCC = 4.0 V 134
to 5.5 V
Typ Max
Unit
—
—
tcyc
Nonlinearity error
—
—
±3.5
LSB
Offset error
—
—
±3.5
LSB
Full-scale error
—
—
±3.5
LSB
Quantization error
—
—
±0.5
LSB
Absolute accuracy
—
—
±4.0
LSB
Notes
Notes: 1. Set AVCC = VCC when the A/D converter is not used.
2. AISTOP1 is the current in active and sleep modes while the A/D converter is idle.
3. AISTOP2 is the current at reset and in standby and subsleep modes while the A/D
converter is idle.
18.2.5
Watchdog Timer Characteristics
Table 18.6 Watchdog Timer Characteristics
VCC = 3.0 V to 5.5 V, VSS = 0.0 V, Ta = –20°C to +75°C, unless otherwise specified.
Item
Symbol
On-chip
oscillator
overflow
time
tOVF
Note:
*
Applicable
Pins
Test
Condition
Values
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Notes
0.2
0.4
—
s
*
Shows the time to count from 0 to 255, at which point an internal reset is generated,
when the internal oscillator is selected.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 263 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
18.2.6
Flash Memory Characteristics
Table 18.7 Flash Memory Characteristics
VCC = 3.0 V to 5.5 V, VSS = 0.0 V, Ta = –20°C to +75°C, unless otherwise specified.
Item
Symbol
1 2 4
Programming time (per 128 bytes)* * *
Test
Condition
Values
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
tP
—
7
200
ms
Erase time (per block) * * *
tE
—
100
1200
ms
Reprogramming count
NWEC
1000
10000
—
Times
Programming
Wait time after SWE
1
bit setting*
x
1
—
—
µs
Wait time after PSU
1
bit setting*
y
50
—
—
µs
Wait time after P bit setting
z1
1≤n≤6
28
30
32
µs
z2
7 ≤ n ≤ 1000
198
200
202
µs
z3
Additionalprogramming
8
10
12
µs
1 3 6
1 4
**
Wait time after P bit clear*
α
5
—
—
µs
Wait time after PSU
1
bit clear*
β
5
—
—
µs
Wait time after PV
1
bit setting*
γ
4
—
—
µs
Wait time after
1
dummy write*
ε
2
—
—
µs
Wait time after PV bit clear*
η
2
—
—
µs
Wait time after SWE
1
bit clear*
θ
100
—
—
µs
Maximum
1 4 5
programming count* * *
N
—
—
1000
Times
1
1
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 264 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
Item
Erase
Symbol
Test
Condition
Values
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Wait time after SWE
1
bit setting*
x
1
—
—
µs
Wait time after ESU
1
bit setting*
y
100
—
—
µs
Wait time after E bit
1 6
setting* *
z
10
—
100
ms
Wait time after E bit clear*
α
10
—
—
µs
Wait time after ESU
1
bit clear*
β
10
—
—
µs
Wait time after EV
1
bit setting*
γ
20
—
—
µs
Wait time after
1
dummy write*
ε
2
—
—
µs
Wait time after EV bit clear*
η
4
—
—
µs
Wait time after SWE
1
bit clear*
θ
100
—
—
µs
N
—
—
120
Times
1
1
1 6 7
Maximum erase count* * *
Notes: 1. Make the time settings in accordance with the program/erase algorithms.
2. The programming time for 128 bytes. (Indicates the total time for which the P bit in flash
memory control register 1 (FLMCR1) is set. The program-verify time is not included.)
3. The time required to erase one block. (Indicates the time for which the E bit in flash
memory control register 1 (FLMCR1) is set. The erase-verify time is not included.)
4. Programming time maximum value (tP (max.)) = wait time after P bit setting (z) ×
maximum programming count (N)
5. Set the maximum programming count (N) according to the actual set values of z1, z2,
and z3, so that it does not exceed the programming time maximum value (tP (max.)).
The wait time after P bit setting (z1, z2) should be changed as follows according to the
value of the programming count (n).
Programming count (n)
1≤n≤6
z1 = 30 µs
7 ≤ n ≤ 1000 z2 = 200 µs
6. Erase time maximum value (tE (max.)) = wait time after E bit setting (z) × maximum
erase count (N)
7. Set the maximum erase count (N) according to the actual set value of (z), so that it
does not exceed the erase time maximum value (tE (max.)).
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 265 of 354
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Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
18.2.7
Power-Supply-Voltage Detection Circuit Characteristics (Optional)
Table 18.8 Power-Supply-Voltage Detection Circuit Characteristics
VSS = 0.0 V, Ta = –20 to +75°C, unless otherwise indicated.
Values
Item
Symbol
Test
Condition
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Power-supply falling detection
voltage
Vint (D)
LVDSEL = 0
3.3
3.7
—
V
Power-supply rising detection
voltage
Vint (U)
LVDSEL = 0
—
4.0
4.5
V
Reset detection voltage 1*1
Vreset1
LVDSEL = 0
—
2.3
2.7
V
Reset detection voltage 2*2
Vreset2
LVDSEL = 1
3.0
3.6
4.2
V
Lower-limit voltage of LVDR
3
operation*
VLVDRmin
1.0
—
—
V
LVD stabilization time
tLVDON
50
—
—
µs
Current consumption in standby
mode
ISTBY

—
350
µA
LVDE = 1,
Vcc = 5.0 V,
When a 32kHz crystal
resonator is
not used
Notes: 1. This voltage should be used when the falling and rising voltage detection function is
used.
2. Select the low-voltage reset 2 when only the low-voltage detection reset is used.
3. When the power-supply voltage (Vcc) falls below VLVDRmin = 1.0 V and then rises, a reset
may not occur. Therefore sufficient evaluation is required.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 266 of 354
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Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
18.2.8
Power-On Reset Circuit Characteristics (Optional)
Table 18.9 Power-On Reset Circuit Characteristics
VSS = 0.0 V, Ta = –20 to +75°C, unless otherwise indicated.
Values
Test
Condition
Item
Symbol
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Pull-up resistance of RES pin
RRES
100
150
—
kΩ
Power-on reset start voltage*
Vpor
—
—
100
mV
Note:
*
The power-supply voltage (Vcc) must fall below Vpor = 100 mV and then rise after
charge of the RES pin is removed completely. In order to remove charge of the RES
pin, it is recommended that the diode be placed in the Vcc side. If the power-supply
voltage (Vcc) rises from the point over 100 mV, a power-on reset may not occur.
18.3
Electrical Characteristics (Masked ROM Version)
18.3.1
Power Supply Voltage and Operating Ranges
(1)
Power Supply Voltage and Oscillation Frequency Range
øOSC (MHz)
20.0
10.0
2.0
2.7
4.0
5.5
VCC (V)
• AVCC = 3.0 V to 5.5 V
• Active mode
• Sleep mode
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 267 of 354
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Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
(2)
Power Supply Voltage and Operating Frequency Range
ø (MHz)
20.0
10.0
1.0
2.7
4.0
5.5
VCC (V)
• AVCC = 3.0 V to 5.5 V
• Active mode
• Sleep mode
(When MA2 = 0 in SYSCR2)
ø (kHz)
3125
1250
78.125
2.7
4.0
5.5
VCC (V)
• AVCC = 3.0 V to 5.5 V
• Active mode
• Sleep mode
(When MA2 = 1 in SYSCR2)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 268 of 354
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Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
(3)
Analog Power Supply Voltage and A/D Converter Accuracy Guarantee Range
ø (MHz)
20.0
10.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
AVCC (V)
5.5
• VCC = 2.7 V to 5.5 V
• Active mode
• Sleep mode
(4)
Range of Power Supply Voltage and Oscillation Frequency when Low-Voltage
Detection Circuit is Used
φosc (MHz)
20.0
16.0
2.0
Vcc(V)
3.0
4.5
5.5
Operation guarantee range
Operation guarantee range except
A/D conversion accuracy
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 269 of 354
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Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
18.3.2
DC Characteristics
Table 18.10 DC Characteristics (1)
VCC = 2.7 V to 5.5 V, VSS = 0.0 V, Ta = –20°C to +75°C, unless otherwise specified.
Values
Item
Symbol Applicable Pins
Input high VIH
voltage
Input low VIL
voltage
Test Condition
RES, NMI
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
WKP0 to WKP5,
IRQ0, IRQ3,
ADTRG,TMRIV,
TMCIV, FTCI,
FTIOA to FTIOD,
SCK3, SCK3_2,
1
SCK3_3* , TRGV
RXD, RXD_2,
1
RXD_3* ,
P12 to P10,
P17 to P14,
P22 to P20,
P57 to P50,
P76 to P70,
P84 to P80
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
PB3 to PB0
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
OSC1
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
Typ Max
Unit
VCC × 0.8
—
VCC + 0.3
V
VCC × 0.9
—
VCC + 0.3
VCC × 0.7
—
VCC + 0.3
VCC × 0.8
—
VCC + 0.3
VCC × 0.7
—
AVCC + 0.3 V
VCC × 0.8
—
AVCC + 0.3
VCC – 0.5
—
VCC + 0.3
VCC – 0.3
—
VCC + 0.3
RES, NMI
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
WKP0 to WKP5,
IRQ0, IRQ3,
ADTRG,TMRIV,
TMCIV, FTCI,
FTIOA to FTIOD,
SCK3, SCK3_2,
1
SCK3_3* , TRGV
–0.3
—
VCC × 0.2
–0.3
—
VCC × 0.1
RXD, RXD_2,
1
RXD_3* ,
P12 to P10,
P17 to P14,
P22 to P20,
P57 to P50,
P76 to P70,
P84 to P80
PB3 to PB0
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
–0.3
—
VCC × 0.3
–0.3
—
VCC × 0.2
OSC1
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
–0.3
—
0.5
–0.3
—
0.3
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 270 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Min
V
V
V
V
V
Notes
Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
Values
Item
Symbol
Applicable Pins
Output
high
voltage
VOH
P12 to P10,
P17 to P14,
P22 to P20,
P57 to P50,
P76 to P70,
P84 to P80
Output
low
voltage
VOL
P12 to P10,
P17 to P14,
P22 to P20,
P57 to P50,
P76 to P70
P84 to P80
Test Condition
Min
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
Typ
Max
Unit
VCC – 1.0 —
—
V
–IOH = 0.1 mA
VCC – 0.5 —
—
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
—
—
0.6
IOL = 0.4 mA
—
—
0.4
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
—
—
1.5
—
—
1.0
—
—
0.4
Notes
–IOH = 1.5 mA
V
IOL = 1.6 mA
V
IOL = 20.0 mA
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
IOL = 10.0 mA
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
IOL = 1.6 mA
IOL = 0.4 mA
Input/
output
leakage
current
| IIL |
—
—
0.4
OSC1, RES,
VIN = 0.5 V to
NMI, WKP0 to
(VCC – 0.5 V)
WKP5,
IRQ0, IRQ3,
ADTRG, TRGV,
TMRIV, TMCIV,
FTCI, FTIOA to
FTIOD, RXD,
1
RXD_2, RXD_3* ,
SCK3, SCK3_2,
1
SCK3_3*
—
—
1.0
µA
P12 to P10,
P17 to P14,
P22 to P20,
P57 to P50,
P76 to P70,
P84 to P80
VIN = 0.5 V to
(VCC – 0.5 V)
—
—
1.0
µA
PB3 to PB0
VIN = 0.5 V to
(AVCC – 0.5 V)
—
—
1.0
µA
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 271 of 354
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Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
Values
Item
Symbol
Applicable Pins
Test Condition
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Pull-up
MOS
current
–Ip
P12 to P10,
P17 to P14,
P55 to P50
VCC = 5.0 V,
VIN = 0.0 V
50.0
—
300.0
µA
VCC = 3.0 V,
VIN = 0.0 V
—
60.0
—
Input
capacitance
Cin
All input pins
except power
supply pins
f = 1 MHz,
VIN = 0.0 V,
Ta = 25°C
—
—
15.0
pF
IOPE1
Active
mode
current
consumption
VCC
Active mode 1
VCC = 5.0 V,
fOSC = 20 MHz
—
15.0
30.0
mA
Active mode 1
VCC = 3.0 V,
fOSC = 10 MHz
—
8.0
—
IOPE2
VCC
Active mode 2
VCC = 5.0 V,
fOSC = 20 MHz
—
1.8
3.0
Active mode 2
VCC = 3.0 V,
fOSC = 10 MHz
—
1.2
—
Sleep mode 1
VCC = 5.0 V,
fOSC = 20 MHz
—
11.5
22.5
Sleep mode 1
VCC = 3.0 V,
fOSC = 10 MHz
—
6.5
—
Sleep mode 2
VCC = 5.0 V,
fOSC = 20 MHz
—
1.7
2.7
Sleep mode 2
VCC = 3.0 V,
fOSC = 10 MHz
—
1.1
—
—
—
5.0
ISLEEP1
Sleep
mode
current
consumption
VCC
ISLEEP2
VCC
ISTBY
Standby
mode
current
consumption
VCC
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 272 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Notes
Reference
value
2
*
2
*
Reference
value
mA
2
*
2
*
Reference
value
mA
2
*
2
*
Reference
value
mA
2
*
2
*
Reference
value
µA
2
*
Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
Values
Item
Symbol
RAM data VRAM
retaining
voltage
Applicable Pins
Test Condition
VCC
Min
2.0
Typ
—
Max
Unit
—
V
Notes
Notes: 1. The SCK3_3 and RXD_3 pins are not available in the H8/36014.
2. Pin states during current consumption measurement are given below (excluding current
in the pull-up MOS transistors and output buffers).
Mode
RES Pin
Internal State
Other Pins
Oscillator Pins
Active mode 1
VCC
Operates
VCC
Main clock:
ceramic or crystal
resonator
Active mode 2
Sleep mode 1
Operates
(φOSC/64)
VCC
Sleep mode 2
Standby mode
Only timers operate
VCC
Only timers operate
(φOSC/64)
VCC
CPU and timers
both stop
VCC
Main clock:
ceramic or crystal
resonator
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 273 of 354
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Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
Table 18.10 DC Characteristics (2)
VCC = 2.7 V to 5.5 V, VSS = 0.0 V, Ta = –20°C to +75°C, unless otherwise specified.
Values
Applicable
Item
Symbol
Pins
Test Condition Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Allowable output low
current (per pin)
IOL
Output pins
except port 8
VCC = 4.0 V to
5.5 V
—
—
2.0
mA
Port 8
—
—
20.0
mA
Output pins
except port 8
—
—
0.5
mA
Port 8
—
—
10.0
mA
—
—
40.0
mA
Allowable output low
current (total)
∑IOL
Allowable output high I –IOH I
current (per pin)
Allowable output high I –∑IOH I
current (total)
Output pins
except port 8
Port 8
—
—
80.0
mA
Output pins
except port 8
—
—
20.0
mA
Port 8
—
—
40.0
mA
—
—
2.0
mA
—
—
0.2
mA
—
—
30.0
mA
—
—
8.0
mA
All output pins
All output pins
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 274 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
VCC = 4.0 V to
5.5 V
VCC = 4.0 V to
5.5 V
VCC = 4.0 V to
5.5 V
Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
18.3.3
AC Characteristics
Table 18.11 AC Characteristics
VCC = 2.7 V to 5.5 V, VSS = 0.0 V, Ta = –20°C to +75°C, unless otherwise specified.
Item
Symbol
System clock
oscillation
frequency
fOSC
System clock (φ)
cycle time
tcyc
Applicable
Pins
OSC1,
OSC2
Instruction cycle
time
Values
Typ
Max
Unit
Reference
Figure
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V 2.0
—
20.0
MHz
*
2.0
—
10.0
MHz
1
—
64
tOSC
—
—
12.8
µs
2
—
—
tcyc
Test Condition
Min
trc
OSC1,
OSC2
—
—
10.0
ms
trc
Oscillation
stabilization time
(ceramic resonator)
OSC1,
OSC2
—
—
5.0
ms
External clock
high width
tCPH
OSC1
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V 20.0
—
—
ns
40.0
—
—
ns
External clock
low width
tCPL
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V 20.0
—
—
ns
40.0
—
—
ns
External clock
rise time
tCPr
OSC1
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V —
—
10.0
ns
—
—
15.0
ns
External clock
fall time
tCPf
OSC1
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V —
—
10.0
ns
—
—
15.0
ns
RES pin low
width
tREL
RES
At power-on and in trc
modes other than
those below
—
—
ms
In active mode and 200
sleep mode
operation
—
—
ns
Oscillation
stabilization time
(crystal resonator)
OSC1
1
2
*
Figure 18.1
Figure 18.2
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 275 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
Item
Symbol
Input pin high
width
tIH
Input pin low
width
tIL
Applicable
Pins
Values
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Reference
Figure
NMI,
IRQ0, IRQ3,
WKP0 to
WKP5,
TMCIV,
TMRIV,
TRGV,
ADTRG,
FTCI,
FTIOA to
FTIOD
2
—
—
tcyc
Figure 18.3
NMI,
IRQ0, IRQ3,
WKP0 to
WKP5,
TMCIV,
TMRIV,
TRGV,
ADTRG,
FTCI,
FTIOA to
FTIOD
2
—
—
tcyc
Test Condition
Notes: 1. When an external clock is input, the minimum system clock oscillator frequency is
1.0 MHz.
2. Determined by the MA2 to MA0 bits in the system control register 2 (SYSCR2).
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 276 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
Table 18.12 Serial Interface (SCI3) Timing
VCC = 2.7 V to 5.5 V, VSS = 0.0 V, Ta = –20°C to +75°C, unless otherwise specified.
Item
Symbol
Input
clock
cycle
Asynchronous
tScyc
Clocked
synchronous
Applicable
Pins
Values
Min
Typ Max Unit
Reference
Figure
SCK3,
SCK3_2,
4
—
—
tcyc
Figure 18.4
SCK3_3*
6
—
—
tcyc
0.4
—
0.6
tScyc
—
—
1
tcyc
—
—
1
tcyc
50.0
—
—
ns
100.0
—
—
ns
50.0
—
—
ns
100.0
—
—
ns
Test Condition
Input clock pulse
width
tSCKW
SCK3,
SCK3_2,
SCK3_3*
Transmit data delay
time (clocked
synchronous)
tTXD
TXD,
TXD_2,
TXD_3*
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
Receive data setup
time (clocked
synchronous)
tRXS
RXD,
RXD_2,
RXD_3*
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
Receive data hold
time (clocked
synchronous)
tRXH
RXD,
RXD_2,
RXD_3*
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
Note:
*
Figure 18.5
The SCK3_3, RXD_3, and TXD_3 pins are not available in the H8/36014.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 277 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
18.3.4
A/D Converter Characteristics
Table 18.13 A/D Converter Characteristics
VCC = 2.7 V to 5.5 V, VSS = 0.0 V, Ta = –20°C to +75°C, unless otherwise specified.
Item
Symbol
Applicable
Pins
Test
Condition
Values
Min
Typ Max
Unit
Notes
V
*
Analog power supply AVCC
voltage
AVCC
3.0
VCC
5.5
Analog input voltage AVIN
AN3 to
AN0
VSS – 0.3
—
AVCC + 0.3 V
Analog power supply AIOPE
current
AVCC
—
2.0
mA
AVCC = 5.0 V —
1
fOSC =
20 MHz
2
AISTOP1
AVCC
—
50
—
µA
*
Reference
value
AISTOP2
AVCC
—
—
5.0
µA
*
Analog input
capacitance
CAIN
AN3 to
AN0
—
—
30.0
pF
Allowable signal
source impedance
RAIN
AN3 to
AN0
—
—
5.0
kΩ
10
10
10
bit
—
—
tcyc
Resolution (data
length)
Conversion time
(single mode)
AVCC = 3.0 V 134
to 5.5 V
Nonlinearity error
—
—
±7.5
LSB
Offset error
—
—
±7.5
LSB
Full-scale error
—
—
±7.5
LSB
Quantization error
—
—
±0.5
LSB
Absolute accuracy
—
—
±8.0
LSB
AVCC = 4.0 V 70
to 5.5 V
—
—
tcyc
Nonlinearity error
—
—
±7.5
LSB
Offset error
—
—
±7.5
LSB
Full-scale error
—
—
±7.5
LSB
Quantization error
—
—
±0.5
LSB
Absolute accuracy
—
—
±8.0
LSB
Conversion time
(single mode)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 278 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
3
Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
Item
Symbol
Applicable
Pins
Conversion time
(single mode)
Test
Condition
Values
Min
AVCC = 4.0 V 134
to 5.5 V
Typ Max
Unit
—
—
tcyc
Nonlinearity error
—
—
±3.5
LSB
Offset error
—
—
±3.5
LSB
Full-scale error
—
—
±3.5
LSB
Quantization error
—
—
±0.5
LSB
Absolute accuracy
—
—
±4.0
LSB
Reference
Figure
Notes: 1. Set AVCC = VCC when the A/D converter is not used.
2. AISTOP1 is the current in active and sleep modes while the A/D converter is idle.
3. AISTOP2 is the current at reset and in standby and subsleep modes while the A/D
converter is idle.
18.3.5
Watchdog Timer Characteristics
Table 18.14 Watchdog Timer Characteristics
VCC = 2.7 V to 5.5 V, VSS = 0.0 V, Ta = –20°C to +75°C, unless otherwise specified.
Item
Symbol
On-chip
oscillator
overflow
time
tOVF
Applicable
Pins
Test
Condition
Values
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Notes
0.2
0.4
—
s
*
Note: * Shows the time to count from 0 to 255, at which point an internal reset is generated, when
the internal oscillator is selected.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 279 of 354
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Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
18.3.6
Power-Supply-Voltage Detection Circuit Characteristics (Optional)
Table 18.15 Power-Supply-Voltage Detection Circuit Characteristics
VSS = 0.0 V, Ta = –20 to +75°C, unless otherwise indicated.
Values
Item
Symbol
Test
Condition
Typ
Max
Unit
Power-supply falling detection
voltage
Vint (D)
LVDSEL = 0 3.3
3.7
—
V
Power-supply rising detection
voltage
Vint (U)
LVDSEL = 0 —
4.0
4.5
V
Reset detection voltage 1*1
Vreset1
LVDSEL = 0 —
2.3
2.7
V
Reset detection voltage 2*2
Vreset2
LVDSEL = 1 3.0
3.6
4.2
V
Lower-limit voltage of LVDR
3
operation*
VLVDRmin
1.0
—
—
V
LVD stabilization time
tLVDON
50
—
—
µs
Current consumption in standby
mode
ISTBY

—
350
µA
LVDE = 1,
Vcc = 5.0 V,
When a 32kHz crystal
resonator is
not used
Min
Notes: 1. This voltage should be used when the falling and rising voltage detection function is
used.
2. Select the low-voltage reset 2 when only the low-voltage detection reset is used.
3. When the power-supply voltage (Vcc) falls below VLVDRmin = 1.0 V and then rises, a reset
may not occur. Therefore sufficient evaluation is required.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 280 of 354
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Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
18.3.7
Power-On Reset Circuit Characteristics (Optional)
Table 18.16 Power-On Reset Circuit Characteristics
VSS = 0.0 V, Ta = –20 to +75°C, unless otherwise indicated.
Test
Condition
Values
Item
Symbol
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Pull-up resistance of RES pin
RRES
100
150
—
kΩ
Power-on reset start voltage*
Vpor
—
—
100
mV
Note:
18.4
*
The power-supply voltage (Vcc) must fall below Vpor = 100 mV and then rise after
charge of the RES pin is removed completely. In order to remove charge of the RES
pin, it is recommended that the diode be placed in the Vcc side. If the power-supply
voltage (Vcc) rises from the point over 100 mV, a power-on reset may not occur.
Operation Timing
t OSC
VIH
OSC1
VIL
t CPH
t CPr
t CPL
t CPf
Figure 18.1 System Clock Input Timing
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REJ09B0025-0400
Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
VCC
VCC × 0.7
OSC1
tREL
RES
VIL
VIL
tREL
Figure 18.2 RES Low Width Timing
NMI,
IRQ0, IRQ3
WKP0 to WKP5
ADTRG
FTCI
FTIOA to FTIOD
TMCIV, TMRIV
TRGV
VIH
VIL
t IL
t IH
Figure 18.3 Input Timing
t SCKW
SCK3, SCK_2
t Scyc
Figure 18.4 SCK3 Input Clock Timing
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Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
t Scyc
VIH or VOH *2
SCK3, SCK3_2, VIL or VOL *2
SCK3_3*1
t TXD
VOH*2
TXD, TXD_2,
TXD_3*1
(transmit data)
VOL *2
t RXS
t RXH
RXD, RXD_2,
RXD_3*1
(receive data)
Notes: 1. The SCK3_3, RXD_3, and TXD_3 pins are not available in the H8/36014.
2. Output timing reference levels
Output high:
V OH= 2.0 V
Output low:
V OL= 0.8 V
Load conditions are shown in figure 18.6.
Figure 18.5 SCI3 Input/Output Timing in Clocked Synchronous Mode
18.5
Output Load Condition
VCC
2.4 kΩ
LSI output pin
30 pF
12 k Ω
Figure 18.6 Output Load Circuit
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Section 18 Electrical Characteristics
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 284 of 354
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Appendix
Appendix A Instruction Set
A.1
Instruction List
Operand Notation
Symbol
Description
Rd
General (destination*) register
Rs
General (source*) register
Rn
General register*
ERd
General destination register (address register or 32-bit register)
ERs
General source register (address register or 32-bit register)
ERn
General register (32-bit register)
(EAd)
Destination operand
(EAs)
Source operand
PC
Program counter
SP
Stack pointer
CCR
Condition-code register
N
N (negative) flag in CCR
Z
Z (zero) flag in CCR
V
V (overflow) flag in CCR
C
C (carry) flag in CCR
disp
Displacement
→
Transfer from the operand on the left to the operand on the right, or transition from
the state on the left to the state on the right
+
Addition of the operands on both sides
–
Subtraction of the operand on the right from the operand on the left
×
Multiplication of the operands on both sides
÷
Division of the operand on the left by the operand on the right
∧
Logical AND of the operands on both sides
∨
Logical OR of the operands on both sides
⊕
Logical exclusive OR of the operands on both sides
¬
NOT (logical complement)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 285 of 354
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Appendix
Symbol
Description
( ), < >
Contents of operand
Note: General registers include 8-bit registers (R0H to R7H and R0L to R7L) and 16-bit registers
(R0 to R7 and E0 to E7).
Symbol
Description
↔
Condition Code Notation
Changed according to execution result
*
Undetermined (no guaranteed value)
0
Cleared to 0
1
Set to 1
—
Not affected by execution of the instruction
∆
Varies depending on conditions, described in notes
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 286 of 354
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Appendix
Table A.1
Instruction Set
1. Data transfer instructions
Condition Code
MOV.B @(d:16, ERs), Rd
B
4
@(d:16, ERs) → Rd8
— —
MOV.B @(d:24, ERs), Rd
B
8
@(d:24, ERs) → Rd8
— —
MOV.B @ERs+, Rd
B
@ERs → Rd8
ERs32+1 → ERs32
— —
MOV.B @aa:8, Rd
B
2
@aa:8 → Rd8
— —
MOV.B @aa:16, Rd
B
4
@aa:16 → Rd8
— —
MOV.B @aa:24, Rd
B
6
@aa:24 → Rd8
— —
MOV.B Rs, @ERd
B
Rs8 → @ERd
— —
MOV.B Rs, @(d:16, ERd)
B
4
Rs8 → @(d:16, ERd)
— —
MOV.B Rs, @(d:24, ERd)
B
8
Rs8 → @(d:24, ERd)
— —
MOV.B Rs, @–ERd
B
ERd32–1 → ERd32
Rs8 → @ERd
— —
MOV.B Rs, @aa:8
B
2
Rs8 → @aa:8
— —
MOV.B Rs, @aa:16
B
4
Rs8 → @aa:16
— —
MOV.B Rs, @aa:24
B
6
Rs8 → @aa:24
— —
MOV.W #xx:16, Rd
W 4
#xx:16 → Rd16
— —
MOV.W Rs, Rd
W
Rs16 → Rd16
— —
MOV.W @ERs, Rd
W
@ERs → Rd16
— —
2
2
2
2
2
2
MOV.W @(d:16, ERs), Rd W
4
@(d:16, ERs) → Rd16
— —
MOV.W @(d:24, ERs), Rd W
8
@(d:24, ERs) → Rd16
— —
@ERs → Rd16
ERs32+2 → @ERd32
— —
MOV.W @ERs+, Rd
W
MOV.W @aa:16, Rd
W
4
@aa:16 → Rd16
— —
MOV.W @aa:24, Rd
W
6
@aa:24 → Rd16
— —
MOV.W Rs, @ERd
W
Rs16 → @ERd
— —
2
2
MOV.W Rs, @(d:16, ERd) W
4
Rs16 → @(d:16, ERd)
— —
MOV.W Rs, @(d:24, ERd) W
8
Rs16 → @(d:24, ERd)
— —
0 —
0 —
0 —
Advanced
— —
B
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
@ERs → Rd8
MOV.B @ERs, Rd
2
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
— —
B
C
0 —
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
Rs8 → Rd8
MOV.B Rs, Rd
V
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
Z
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
I
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
N
— —
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
H
#xx:8 → Rd8
Normal
—
@@aa
@(d, PC)
Operation
@aa
@–ERn/@ERn+
@(d, ERn)
@ERn
2
Rn
B
No. of
States*1
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
MOV MOV.B #xx:8, Rd
#xx
Mnemonic
Operand Size
Addressing Mode and
Instruction Length (bytes)
2
0 —
2
0 —
4
0 —
6
0 —
10
0 —
6
4
0 —
6
0 —
8
0 —
4
0 —
6
0 —
10
0 —
6
4
0 —
6
0 —
8
0 —
4
0 —
2
0 —
4
0 —
6
0 —
10
0 —
6
6
0 —
8
0 —
4
0 —
6
0 —
10
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 287 of 354
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Appendix
No. of
States*1
Condition Code
— —
@(d:24, ERs) → ERd32
— —
@ERs → ERd32
ERs32+4 → ERs32
— —
6
@aa:16 → ERd32
— —
8
@aa:24 → ERd32
— —
ERs32 → @ERd
— —
ERs32 → @(d:16, ERd)
— —
ERs32 → @(d:24, ERd)
— —
ERd32–4 → ERd32
ERs32 → @ERd
— —
6
ERs32 → @aa:16
— —
8
ERs32 → @aa:24
— —
0 —
0 —
POP POP.W Rn
W
2 @SP → Rn16
SP+2 → SP
— —
POP.L ERn
L
4 @SP → ERn32
SP+4 → SP
— —
0 —
PUSH PUSH.W Rn
W
2 SP–2 → SP
Rn16 → @SP
— —
0 —
PUSH.L ERn
L
4 SP–4 → SP
ERn32 → @SP
— —
0 —
MOVFPE @aa:16, Rd
B
W
MOV.W Rs, @aa:16
W
MOV.W Rs, @aa:24
W
MOV.L #xx:32, Rd
L
MOV.L ERs, ERd
L
MOV.L @ERs, ERd
L
MOV.L @(d:16, ERs), ERd
L
6
MOV.L @(d:24, ERs), ERd
L
10
MOV.L @ERs+, ERd
L
MOV.L @aa:16, ERd
L
MOV.L @aa:24, ERd
L
MOV.L ERs, @ERd
L
MOV.L ERs, @(d:16, ERd)
L
6
MOV.L ERs, @(d:24, ERd)
L
10
MOV.L ERs, @–ERd
L
MOV.L ERs, @aa:16
L
MOV.L ERs, @aa:24
L
MOVFPE
MOVTPE
MOVTPE Rs, @aa:16
2
6
2
4
4
4
6
6
0 —
8
0 —
6
0 —
2
0 —
8
0 —
10
0 —
14
0 —
10
10
0 —
12
0 —
8
0 —
10
0 —
14
0 —
10
10
0 —
12
0 —
6
10
6
10
4
Cannot be used in
this LSI
Cannot be used in
this LSI
4
Cannot be used in
this LSI
Cannot be used in
this LSI
B
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 288 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
4
Advanced
@(d:16, ERs) → ERd32
↔
— —
↔
@ERs → ERd32
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
— —
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
ERs32 → ERd32
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
— —
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
#xx:32 → Rd32
0 —
↔ ↔ ↔
— —
↔ ↔ ↔
— —
Rs16 → @aa:24
↔
Rs16 → @aa:16
6
C
↔
4
V
↔
Z
↔
I
↔
N
— —
↔
H
ERd32–2 → ERd32
Rs16 → @ERd
0 —
MOV MOV.W Rs, @–ERd
Normal
—
@@aa
@(d, PC)
Operation
@aa
@–ERn/@ERn+
@(d, ERn)
@ERn
Rn
#xx
Mnemonic
Operand Size
Addressing Mode and
Instruction Length (bytes)
Appendix
2. Arithmetic instructions
No. of
States*1
Condition Code
Z
V
C
↔ ↔
— (2)
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
ERd32+ERs32 →
ERd32
— (2)
↔
↔
(3)
↔ ↔
Rd16+Rs16 → Rd16
— (1)
ERd32+#xx:32 →
ERd32
Rd8+#xx:8 +C → Rd8
—
2
B
2
Rd8+Rs8 +C → Rd8
—
ADDS ADDS.L #1, ERd
L
2
ERd32+1 → ERd32
— — — — — —
2
ADDS.L #2, ERd
L
2
ERd32+2 → ERd32
— — — — — —
2
ADDS.L #4, ERd
L
2
ERd32+4 → ERd32
— — — — — —
2
INC.B Rd
B
2
Rd8+1 → Rd8
— —
INC.W #1, Rd
W
2
Rd16+1 → Rd16
— —
INC.W #2, Rd
W
2
Rd16+2 → Rd16
— —
INC.L #1, ERd
L
2
ERd32+1 → ERd32
— —
INC.L #2, ERd
L
2
ERd32+2 → ERd32
— —
DAA
DAA Rd
B
2
Rd8 decimal adjust
→ Rd8
— *
SUB
SUB.B Rs, Rd
B
2
Rd8–Rs8 → Rd8
—
SUB.W #xx:16, Rd
W 4
Rd16–#xx:16 → Rd16
— (1)
SUB.W Rs, Rd
W
Rd16–Rs16 → Rd16
— (1)
SUB.L #xx:32, ERd
L
SUB.L ERs, ERd
L
W
ADD.L #xx:32, ERd
L
ADD.L ERs, ERd
L
ADDX ADDX.B #xx:8, Rd
ADDX.B Rs, Rd
6
2
2
(3)
2
4
2
6
2
—
2
—
2
—
2
—
2
—
2
* —
2
Rd8–Rs8–C → Rd8
—
SUBS SUBS.L #1, ERd
L
2
ERd32–1 → ERd32
— — — — — —
2
SUBS.L #2, ERd
L
2
ERd32–2 → ERd32
— — — — — —
2
SUBS.L #4, ERd
L
2
ERd32–4 → ERd32
— — — — — —
2
B
2
Rd8–1 → Rd8
— —
DEC.W #1, Rd
W
2
Rd16–1 → Rd16
— —
DEC.W #2, Rd
W
2
Rd16–2 → Rd16
— —
2
ERd32–ERs32 → ERd32 — (2)
Rd8–#xx:8–C → Rd8
—
(3)
(3)
↔ ↔ ↔
DEC DEC.B Rd
2
↔ ↔
SUBX.B Rs, Rd
B
ERd32–#xx:32 → ERd32 — (2)
6
↔ ↔ ↔
2
SUBX SUBX.B #xx:8, Rd
2
↔ ↔ ↔
2
B
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
INC
B
2
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
ADD.W Rs, Rd
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
W 4
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
ADD.W #xx:16, Rd
2
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
B
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
ADD.B Rs, Rd
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
2
ADD ADD.B #xx:8, Rd
↔
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
— (1)
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
Rd16+#xx:16 → Rd16
2
↔
—
↔ ↔
Rd8+Rs8 → Rd8
↔
—
Advanced
N
↔ ↔
I
Rd8+#xx:8 → Rd8
Normal
H
↔ ↔
—
@@aa
@(d, PC)
Operation
@aa
@–ERn/@ERn+
@(d, ERn)
2
@ERn
B
Rn
#xx
Mnemonic
Operand Size
Addressing Mode and
Instruction Length (bytes)
4
2
6
2
2
2
—
2
—
2
—
2
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 289 of 354
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Appendix
No. of
States*1
Condition Code
Advanced
V
C
ERd32–1 → ERd32
— —
L
2
ERd32–2 → ERd32
— —
↔ ↔
—
2
DAS.Rd
B
2
Rd8 decimal adjust
→ Rd8
— *
↔ ↔ ↔
2
DEC.L #2, ERd
↔ ↔ ↔
—
* —
2
B
2
Rd8 × Rs8 → Rd16
(unsigned multiplication)
— — — — — —
14
W
2
Rd16 × Rs16 → ERd32
(unsigned multiplication)
— — — — — —
22
B
4
Rd8 × Rs8 → Rd16
(signed multiplication)
— —
↔
W
4
Rd16 × Rs16 → ERd32
(signed multiplication)
— —
B
2
W
DIVXU DIVXU. B Rs, Rd
DIVXU. W Rs, ERd
DIVXS DIVXS. B Rs, Rd
DIVXS. W Rs, ERd
CMP CMP.B #xx:8, Rd
16
— —
24
Rd16 ÷ Rs8 → Rd16
(RdH: remainder,
RdL: quotient)
(unsigned division)
— — (6) (7) — —
14
2
ERd32 ÷ Rs16 → ERd32
(Ed: remainder,
Rd: quotient)
(unsigned division)
— — (6) (7) — —
22
B
4
Rd16 ÷ Rs8 → Rd16
(RdH: remainder,
RdL: quotient)
(signed division)
— — (8) (7) — —
16
W
4
ERd32 ÷ Rs16 → ERd32
(Ed: remainder,
Rd: quotient)
(signed division)
— — (8) (7) — —
24
Rd8–#xx:8
—
Rd8–Rs8
—
Rd16–#xx:16
— (1)
Rd16–Rs16
— (1)
ERd32–#xx:32
— (2)
ERd32–ERs32
— (2)
B
2
CMP.B Rs, Rd
B
CMP.W #xx:16, Rd
W 4
CMP.W Rs, Rd
W
CMP.L #xx:32, ERd
L
CMP.L ERs, ERd
L
2
2
6
2
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 290 of 354
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↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
MULXS. W Rs, ERd
— —
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
MULXS MULXS. B Rs, Rd
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
MULXU. W Rs, ERd
↔ ↔
MULXU MULXU. B Rs, Rd
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
DAS
I
Normal
Z
2
↔
N
L
↔
H
DEC DEC.L #1, ERd
↔
—
@@aa
@(d, PC)
Operation
@aa
@–ERn/@ERn+
@(d, ERn)
@ERn
Rn
#xx
Mnemonic
Operand Size
Addressing Mode and
Instruction Length (bytes)
2
2
4
2
4
2
Appendix
No. of
States*1
L 0–ERd32 → ERd32
2
—
EXTU EXTU.W Rd
W 0 → (<bits 15 to 8>
of Rd16)
2
— — 0
L 0 → (<bits 31 to 16>
of ERd32)
2
— — 0
W (<bit 7> of Rd16) →
(<bits 15 to 8> of Rd16)
2
— —
L (<bit 15> of ERd32) →
(<bits 31 to 16> of
ERd32)
2
— —
Advanced
NEG.L ERd
Normal
↔ ↔ ↔
—
↔ ↔ ↔
↔ ↔ ↔
2
↔ ↔ ↔
C
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
W 0–Rd16 → Rd16
EXTS.L ERd
V
2
0 —
2
↔
NEG.W Rd
EXTS EXTS.W Rd
Z
0 —
2
↔
—
0 —
2
↔
H
2
EXTU.L ERd
N
↔
I
B 0–Rd8 → Rd8
NEG NEG.B Rd
↔
—
@@aa
@(d, PC)
Condition Code
@aa
@–ERn/@ERn+
@(d, ERn)
@ERn
Rn
Operation
#xx
Mnemonic
Operand Size
Addressing Mode and
Instruction Length (bytes)
0 —
2
2
2
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 291 of 354
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Appendix
3. Logic instructions
AND.B Rs, Rd
B
AND.W #xx:16, Rd
W 4
AND.W Rs, Rd
W
AND.L #xx:32, ERd
L
AND.L ERs, ERd
L
OR.B #xx:8, Rd
B
OR.B Rs, Rd
B
OR.W #xx:16, Rd
W 4
OR.W Rs, Rd
W
OR.L #xx:32, ERd
L
OR.L ERs, ERd
L
XOR.B #xx:8, Rd
B
XOR.B Rs, Rd
B
XOR.W #xx:16, Rd
W 4
XOR.W Rs, Rd
W
XOR.L #xx:32, ERd
L
XOR.L ERs, ERd
L
4
ERd32⊕ERs32 → ERd32 — —
NOT.B Rd
B
2
¬ Rd8 → Rd8
— —
NOT.W Rd
W
2
¬ Rd16 → Rd16
— —
NOT.L ERd
L
2
¬ Rd32 → Rd32
— —
Z
Rd8∧Rs8 → Rd8
— —
Rd16∧#xx:16 → Rd16
— —
Rd16∧Rs16 → Rd16
— —
4
2
2
2
6
4
2
2
2
ERd32∧ERs32 → ERd32 — —
Rd8⁄#xx:8 → Rd8
— —
Rd8⁄Rs8 → Rd8
— —
Rd16⁄#xx:16 → Rd16
— —
Rd16⁄Rs16 → Rd16
— —
ERd32⁄#xx:32 → ERd32
— —
ERd32⁄ERs32 → ERd32
— —
Rd8⊕#xx:8 → Rd8
— —
Rd8⊕Rs8 → Rd8
— —
Rd16⊕#xx:16 → Rd16
— —
Rd16⊕Rs16 → Rd16
— —
ERd32⊕#xx:32 → ERd32 — —
6
V
C
Advanced
I
Normal
—
@@aa
@(d, PC)
@aa
N
— —
ERd32∧#xx:32 → ERd32 — —
6
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 292 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
H
Rd8∧#xx:8 → Rd8
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
2
Operation
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
NOT
2
@(d, ERn)
2
@ERn
B
Rn
#xx
XOR
Condition Code
Operand Size
OR
No. of
States*1
AND.B #xx:8, Rd
Mnemonic
AND
@–ERn/@ERn+
Addressing Mode and
Instruction Length (bytes)
0 —
2
0 —
2
0 —
4
0 —
2
0 —
6
0 —
4
0 —
2
0 —
2
0 —
4
0 —
2
0 —
6
0 —
4
0 —
2
0 —
2
0 —
4
0 —
2
0 —
6
0 —
4
0 —
2
0 —
2
0 —
2
Appendix
4. Shift instructions
W
2
SHAL.L ERd
L
2
SHAR SHAR.B Rd
B
2
SHAR.W Rd
W
2
SHAR.L ERd
L
2
SHLL SHLL.B Rd
B
2
SHLL.W Rd
W
2
SHLL.L ERd
L
2
SHLR SHLR.B Rd
B
2
SHLR.W Rd
W
2
SHLR.L ERd
L
2
ROTXL ROTXL.B Rd
B
2
ROTXL.W Rd
W
2
ROTXL.L ERd
L
2
B
2
ROTXR.W Rd
W
2
ROTXR.L ERd
L
2
ROTL ROTL.B Rd
B
2
ROTL.W Rd
W
2
ROTL.L ERd
L
2
ROTR ROTR.B Rd
B
2
ROTR.W Rd
W
2
ROTR.L ERd
L
2
ROTXR ROTXR.B Rd
0
MSB
LSB
V
C
— —
— —
— —
C
MSB
— —
LSB
— —
— —
C
0
LSB
MSB
— —
— —
— —
0
C
MSB
LSB
— —
— —
— —
C
— —
MSB
LSB
— —
— —
C
LSB
MSB
— —
— —
— —
C
— —
MSB
LSB
— —
— —
C
MSB
LSB
— —
— —
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Advanced
Z
Normal
—
@@aa
@(d, PC)
@aa
@–ERn/@ERn+
@(d, ERn)
I
C
N
↔ ↔ ↔
SHAL.W Rd
H
— —
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
2
Condition Code
Operation
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
B
No. of
States*1
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
SHAL SHAL.B Rd
@ERn
Rn
#xx
Mnemonic
Operand Size
Addressing Mode and
Instruction Length (bytes)
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 293 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Appendix
5. Bit manipulation instructions
B
BSET #xx:3, @aa:8
B
BSET Rn, Rd
B
BSET Rn, @ERd
B
BSET Rn, @aa:8
B
B
BCLR #xx:3, @ERd
B
BCLR #xx:3, @aa:8
B
BCLR Rn, Rd
B
BCLR Rn, @ERd
B
BCLR Rn, @aa:8
B
BNOT BNOT #xx:3, Rd
B
BNOT #xx:3, @ERd
B
BNOT #xx:3, @aa:8
B
BNOT Rn, Rd
B
BNOT Rn, @ERd
B
BNOT Rn, @aa:8
B
BTST BTST #xx:3, Rd
B
BTST #xx:3, @ERd
B
BTST #xx:3, @aa:8
B
BTST Rn, Rd
B
BTST Rn, @ERd
B
BTST Rn, @aa:8
B
BLD #xx:3, Rd
B
4
4
2
4
4
2
4
4
2
4
4
2
4
4
2
4
4
2
4
4
2
4
4
2
H
N
Z
V
C
Advanced
I
Normal
—
@@aa
@(d, PC)
@aa
@–ERn/@ERn+
@(d, ERn)
@ERn
Rn
2
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 294 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Condition Code
Operation
(#xx:3 of Rd8) ← 1
— — — — — —
2
(#xx:3 of @ERd) ← 1
— — — — — —
8
(#xx:3 of @aa:8) ← 1
— — — — — —
8
(Rn8 of Rd8) ← 1
— — — — — —
2
(Rn8 of @ERd) ← 1
— — — — — —
8
(Rn8 of @aa:8) ← 1
— — — — — —
8
(#xx:3 of Rd8) ← 0
— — — — — —
2
(#xx:3 of @ERd) ← 0
— — — — — —
8
(#xx:3 of @aa:8) ← 0
— — — — — —
8
(Rn8 of Rd8) ← 0
— — — — — —
2
(Rn8 of @ERd) ← 0
— — — — — —
8
(Rn8 of @aa:8) ← 0
— — — — — —
8
(#xx:3 of Rd8) ←
¬ (#xx:3 of Rd8)
— — — — — —
2
(#xx:3 of @ERd) ←
¬ (#xx:3 of @ERd)
— — — — — —
8
(#xx:3 of @aa:8) ←
¬ (#xx:3 of @aa:8)
— — — — — —
8
(Rn8 of Rd8) ←
¬ (Rn8 of Rd8)
— — — — — —
2
(Rn8 of @ERd) ←
¬ (Rn8 of @ERd)
— — — — — —
8
(Rn8 of @aa:8) ←
¬ (Rn8 of @aa:8)
— — — — — —
8
¬ (#xx:3 of Rd8) → Z
— — —
¬ (#xx:3 of @ERd) → Z
— — —
¬ (#xx:3 of @aa:8) → Z
— — —
¬ (Rn8 of @Rd8) → Z
— — —
¬ (Rn8 of @ERd) → Z
— — —
¬ (Rn8 of @aa:8) → Z
— — —
(#xx:3 of Rd8) → C
— — — — —
— —
2
— —
6
— —
6
— —
2
— —
6
— —
6
↔
BSET #xx:3, @ERd
BCLR BCLR #xx:3, Rd
BLD
B
No. of
States*1
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
BSET BSET #xx:3, Rd
#xx
Mnemonic
Operand Size
Addressing Mode and
Instruction Length (bytes)
2
Appendix
B
BLD #xx:3, @aa:8
B
BILD BILD #xx:3, Rd
B
BILD #xx:3, @ERd
B
BILD #xx:3, @aa:8
B
BST #xx:3, Rd
B
BST #xx:3, @ERd
B
BIST BST #xx:3, @aa:8
B
BST
BIST #xx:3, Rd
B
BIST #xx:3, @ERd
B
BIST #xx:3, @aa:8
B
BAND BAND #xx:3, Rd
B
BAND #xx:3, @ERd
B
BIAND BAND #xx:3, @aa:8
B
BOR
BIAND #xx:3, Rd
B
BIAND #xx:3, @ERd
B
BIAND #xx:3, @aa:8
B
BOR #xx:3, Rd
B
BOR #xx:3, @ERd
B
BOR #xx:3, @aa:8
B
BIOR BIOR #xx:3, Rd
B
BIOR #xx:3, @ERd
B
BIOR #xx:3, @aa:8
B
BXOR BXOR #xx:3, Rd
B
BXOR #xx:3, @ERd
B
BXOR #xx:3, @aa:8
B
BIXOR BIXOR #xx:3, Rd
B
BIXOR #xx:3, @ERd
B
BIXOR #xx:3, @aa:8
B
4
4
2
4
4
2
4
4
2
4
4
2
4
4
2
4
4
2
4
4
2
4
4
2
4
4
2
H
N
Z
V
C
(#xx:3 of @ERd) → C
— — — — —
6
(#xx:3 of @aa:8) → C
— — — — —
¬ (#xx:3 of Rd8) → C
— — — — —
¬ (#xx:3 of @ERd) → C
— — — — —
¬ (#xx:3 of @aa:8) → C
— — — — —
C → (#xx:3 of Rd8)
— — — — — —
2
C → (#xx:3 of @ERd24)
— — — — — —
8
C → (#xx:3 of @aa:8)
— — — — — —
8
¬ C → (#xx:3 of Rd8)
— — — — — —
2
¬ C → (#xx:3 of @ERd24)
— — — — — —
8
¬ C → (#xx:3 of @aa:8)
— — — — — —
8
C∧(#xx:3 of Rd8) → C
— — — — —
2
C∧(#xx:3 of @ERd24) → C
— — — — —
C∧(#xx:3 of @aa:8) → C
— — — — —
C∧ ¬ (#xx:3 of Rd8) → C
— — — — —
C∧ ¬ (#xx:3 of @ERd24) → C
— — — — —
C∧ ¬ (#xx:3 of @aa:8) → C
— — — — —
C⁄(#xx:3 of Rd8) → C
— — — — —
C⁄(#xx:3 of @ERd24) → C
— — — — —
C⁄(#xx:3 of @aa:8) → C
— — — — —
C⁄ ¬ (#xx:3 of Rd8) → C
— — — — —
C⁄ ¬ (#xx:3 of @ERd24) → C
— — — — —
C⁄ ¬ (#xx:3 of @aa:8) → C
— — — — —
C⊕(#xx:3 of Rd8) → C
— — — — —
C⊕(#xx:3 of @ERd24) → C
— — — — —
C⊕(#xx:3 of @aa:8) → C
— — — — —
C⊕ ¬ (#xx:3 of Rd8) → C
— — — — —
C⊕ ¬ (#xx:3 of @ERd24) → C — — — — —
4
4
Advanced
I
Normal
—
@@aa
@(d, PC)
@aa
@–ERn/@ERn+
@(d, ERn)
@ERn
Rn
Condition Code
Operation
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
BLD #xx:3, @ERd
No. of
States*1
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
BLD
#xx
Mnemonic
Operand Size
Addressing Mode and
Instruction Length (bytes)
C⊕ ¬ (#xx:3 of @aa:8) → C
— — — — —
6
2
6
6
6
6
2
6
6
2
6
6
2
6
6
2
6
6
2
6
6
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 295 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Appendix
6. Branching instructions
Bcc
Condition Code
—
2
BRA d:16 (BT d:16)
—
4
BRN d:8 (BF d:8)
—
2
BRN d:16 (BF d:16)
—
4
BHI d:8
—
2
BHI d:16
—
4
BLS d:8
—
2
BLS d:16
—
4
BCC d:8 (BHS d:8)
—
2
BCC d:16 (BHS d:16)
—
4
BCS d:8 (BLO d:8)
—
2
BCS d:16 (BLO d:16)
—
4
BNE d:8
—
2
BNE d:16
—
4
BEQ d:8
—
2
BEQ d:16
—
4
BVC d:8
—
2
BVC d:16
—
4
BVS d:8
—
2
BVS d:16
—
4
BPL d:8
—
2
BPL d:16
—
4
BMI d:8
—
2
BMI d:16
—
4
BGE d:8
—
2
BGE d:16
—
4
BLT d:8
—
2
BLT d:16
—
4
BGT d:8
—
2
BGT d:16
—
4
BLE d:8
—
2
BLE d:16
—
4
REJ09B0025-0400
If condition Always
is true then
PC ← PC+d
Never
else next;
C⁄Z=0
C⁄Z=1
C=0
C=1
Z=0
Z=1
V=0
V=1
N=0
N=1
N⊕V = 0
N⊕V = 1
Z ⁄ (N⊕V) = 0
Z ⁄ (N⊕V) = 1
I
H
N
Z
V
C
Advanced
Branch
Condition
Normal
—
@@aa
@(d, PC)
BRA d:8 (BT d:8)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 296 of 354
No. of
States*1
Operation
@aa
@–ERn/@ERn+
@(d, ERn)
@ERn
Rn
#xx
Mnemonic
Operand Size
Addressing Mode and
Instruction Length (bytes)
— — — — — —
4
— — — — — —
6
— — — — — —
4
— — — — — —
6
— — — — — —
4
— — — — — —
6
— — — — — —
4
— — — — — —
6
— — — — — —
4
— — — — — —
6
— — — — — —
4
— — — — — —
6
— — — — — —
4
— — — — — —
6
— — — — — —
4
— — — — — —
6
— — — — — —
4
— — — — — —
6
— — — — — —
4
— — — — — —
6
— — — — — —
4
— — — — — —
6
— — — — — —
4
— — — — — —
6
— — — — — —
4
— — — — — —
6
— — — — — —
4
— — — — — —
6
— — — — — —
4
— — — — — —
6
— — — — — —
4
— — — — — —
6
Appendix
JMP
BSR
JSR
RTS
JMP @ERn
—
JMP @aa:24
—
JMP @@aa:8
—
BSR d:8
—
BSR d:16
—
JSR @ERn
—
JSR @aa:24
—
JSR @@aa:8
—
RTS
—
No. of
States*1
Condition Code
H
N
Z
V
C
Advanced
I
Normal
—
@@aa
@(d, PC)
Operation
@aa
@–ERn/@ERn+
@(d, ERn)
@ERn
Rn
#xx
Mnemonic
Operand Size
Addressing Mode and
Instruction Length (bytes)
PC ← ERn
— — — — — —
PC ← aa:24
— — — — — —
PC ← @aa:8
— — — — — —
8
10
2
PC → @–SP
PC ← PC+d:8
— — — — — —
6
8
4
PC → @–SP
PC ← PC+d:16
— — — — — —
8
10
PC → @–SP
PC ← ERn
— — — — — —
6
8
PC → @–SP
PC ← aa:24
— — — — — —
8
10
PC → @–SP
PC ← @aa:8
— — — — — —
8
12
2 PC ← @SP+
— — — — — —
8
10
2
4
2
2
4
2
4
6
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 297 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Appendix
7. System control instructions
No. of
States*1
Condition Code
Normal
Advanced
—
CCR ← @SP+
PC ← @SP+
↔
↔
10
—
Transition to powerdown state
— — — — — —
2
#xx:8 → CCR
2
↔
C
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
↔
V
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
↔
Z
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
↔
N
LDC #xx:8, CCR
B
LDC Rs, CCR
B
LDC @ERs, CCR
W
LDC @(d:16, ERs), CCR
W
6
@(d:16, ERs) → CCR
LDC @(d:24, ERs), CCR
W
10
@(d:24, ERs) → CCR
LDC @ERs+, CCR
W
LDC @aa:16, CCR
W
6
@aa:16 → CCR
LDC @aa:24, CCR
W
8
@aa:24 → CCR
CCR → Rd8
CCR → @ERd
— — — — — —
6
6
8
12
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔ ↔
↔ ↔
↔ ↔
↔ ↔
8
↔
@ERs → CCR
ERs32+2 → ERs32
10
— — — — — —
2
8
W
6
CCR → @(d:16, ERd)
— — — — — —
8
STC CCR, @(d:24, ERd)
W
10
CCR → @(d:24, ERd)
— — — — — —
12
STC CCR, @–ERd
W
ERd32–2 → ERd32
CCR → @ERd
— — — — — —
8
STC CCR, @aa:16
W
6
CCR → @aa:16
— — — — — —
8
STC CCR, @aa:24
W
8
CCR → @aa:24
— — — — — —
10
ANDC ANDC #xx:8, CCR
B
2
CCR∧#xx:8 → CCR
2
B
2
CCR⁄#xx:8 → CCR
B
2
CCR⊕#xx:8 → CCR
— — — — — —
2
ORC
ORC #xx:8, CCR
XORC XORC #xx:8, CCR
NOP
NOP
4
4
—
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 298 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
2 PC ← PC+2
↔ ↔ ↔
STC CCR, @(d:16, ERd)
2
↔ ↔ ↔
W
↔ ↔ ↔
B
STC CCR, @ERd
STC
↔ ↔ ↔
STC CCR, Rd
↔ ↔ ↔
4
2
↔
@ERs → CCR
4
↔ ↔
Rs8 → CCR
2
↔ ↔
2
↔ ↔ ↔
LDC
H
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
SLEEP SLEEP
@@aa
RTE
RTE
@(d, PC)
16
@aa
1 — — — — — 14
@ERn
2 PC → @–SP
CCR → @–SP
<vector> → PC
Rn
—
#xx
I
TRAPA TRAPA #x:2
↔ ↔ ↔ ↔ ↔
Operation
—
@–ERn/@ERn+
@(d, ERn)
Mnemonic
Operand Size
Addressing Mode and
Instruction Length (bytes)
2
2
Appendix
8. Block transfer instructions
EEPMOV
No. of
States*1
H
N
Z
V
C
Normal
—
@@aa
@(d, PC)
I
EEPMOV. B
—
4 if R4L ≠ 0 then
repeat @R5 → @R6
R5+1 → R5
R6+1 → R6
R4L–1 → R4L
until
R4L=0
else next
— — — — — — 8+
4n*2
EEPMOV. W
—
4 if R4 ≠ 0 then
repeat @R5 → @R6
R5+1 → R5
R6+1 → R6
R4–1 → R4
until
R4=0
else next
— — — — — — 8+
4n*2
Advanced
Condition Code
Operation
@aa
@–ERn/@ERn+
@(d, ERn)
@ERn
Rn
#xx
Mnemonic
Operand Size
Addressing Mode and
Instruction Length (bytes)
Notes: 1. The number of states in cases where the instruction code and its operands are located
in on-chip memory is shown here. For other cases see Appendix A.3, Number of
Execution States.
2. n is the value set in register R4L or R4.
(1) Set to 1 when a carry or borrow occurs at bit 11; otherwise cleared to 0.
(2) Set to 1 when a carry or borrow occurs at bit 27; otherwise cleared to 0.
(3) Retains its previous value when the result is zero; otherwise cleared to 0.
(4) Set to 1 when the adjustment produces a carry; otherwise retains its previous value.
(5) The number of states required for execution of an instruction that transfers data in
synchronization with the E clock is variable.
(6) Set to 1 when the divisor is negative; otherwise cleared to 0.
(7) Set to 1 when the divisor is zero; otherwise cleared to 0.
(8) Set to 1 when the quotient is negative; otherwise cleared to 0.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 299 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
REJ09B0025-0400
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 300 of 354
STC
SUBX
OR
XOR
AND
MOV
B
C
D
E
F
BILD
CMP
BIAND
BIST
BLD
BST
TRAPA
BEQ
A
BIXOR
BAND
AND
RTE
BNE
MOV.B
Table A-2
(2)
LDC
7
ADDX
BIOR
BXOR
XOR
OR
BOR
BSR
BCS
RTS
BCC
AND.B
ANDC
6
9
BTST
DIVXU
BLS
XOR.B
XORC
5
ADD
BCLR
MULXU
BHI
OR.B
ORC
4
8
7
BNOT
DIVXU
MULXU
5
BSET
BRN
BRA
6
LDC
3
Table A-2 Table A-2 Table A-2 Table A-2
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
NOP
2
1
Table A-2
(2)
4
3
2
1
0
0
MOV
BVS
9
A
B
JMP
BPL
BMI
MOV
Table A-2 Table A-2
(2)
(2)
Table A-2 Table A-2
(2)
(2)
Table A-2 Table A-2
EEPMOV
(2)
(2)
SUB
ADD
Table A-2
(2)
BVC
8
BSR
BGE
C
CMP
MOV
Instruction when most significant bit of BH is 1.
Instruction when most significant bit of BH is 0.
JSR
BGT
SUBX
ADDX
E
Table A-2
(3)
BLT
D
F
BLE
Table A-2
(2)
Table A-2
(2)
Table A.2
AL
1st byte 2nd byte
AH AL BH BL
A.2
AH
Instruction code:
Appendix
Operation Code Map
Operation Code Map (1)
MOV
7A
BRA
58
MOV
DAS
1F
79
SUBS
1B
1
CMP
CMP
ADD
BHI
2
ADD
BRN
NOT
17
DEC
ROTXR
13
1A
ROTXL
12
DAA
0F
SHLR
ADDS
0B
11
INC
0A
SHLL
MOV
01
10
0
SUB
SUB
BLS
OR
OR
XOR
XOR
BCS
AND
AND
BEQ
BVC
SUB
9
BVS
NEG
NOT
DEC
ROTR
ROTXR
DEC
ROTL
ADDS
SLEEP
8
ROTXL
EXTU
INC
7
SHAR
BNE
6
SHLR
EXTU
INC
5
SHAL
BCC
LDC/STC
4
SHLL
3
1st byte 2nd byte
AH AL BH BL
BPL
A
MOV
BMI
NEG
CMP
SUB
ROTR
ROTL
SHAR
C
D
BGE
BLT
DEC
EXTS
INC
Table A-2 Table A-2
(3)
(3)
ADD
SHAL
B
BGT
E
BLE
DEC
EXTS
INC
Table A-2
(3)
F
Table A.2
BH
AH AL
Instruction code:
Appendix
Operation Code Map (2)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 301 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
REJ09B0025-0400
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 302 of 354
DIVXS
3
BSET
7Faa7 * 2
BNOT
BNOT
BCLR
BCLR
Notes: 1. r is the register designation field.
2. aa is the absolute address field.
BSET
7Faa6 * 2
BTST
BCLR
7Eaa7 * 2
BNOT
BTST
BSET
7Dr07 * 1
7Eaa6 * 2
BSET
7Dr06 * 1
BTST
BCLR
MULXS
2
7Cr07 * 1
BNOT
DIVXS
1
BTST
MULXS
0
7Cr06 * 1
01F06
01D05
01C05
01406
CL
BIOR
BOR
BIOR
BOR
OR
4
BIXOR
BXOR
BIXOR
BXOR
XOR
5
BIAND
BAND
BIAND
BAND
AND
6
7
BIST
BILD
BST
BLD
BIST
BILD
BST
BLD
1st byte 2nd byte 3rd byte 4th byte
AH AL BH BL CH CL DH DL
8
LDC
STC
9
A
LDC
STC
B
C
LDC
STC
D
E
LDC
STC
F
Instruction when most significant bit of DH is 1.
Instruction when most significant bit of DH is 0.
Table A.2
AH
ALBH
BLCH
Instruction code:
Appendix
Operation Code Map (3)
Appendix
A.3
Number of Execution States
The status of execution for each instruction of the H8/300H CPU and the method of calculating
the number of states required for instruction execution are shown below. Table A.4 shows the
number of cycles of each type occurring in each instruction, such as instruction fetch and data
read/write. Table A.3 shows the number of states required for each cycle. The total number of
states required for execution of an instruction can be calculated by the following expression:
Execution states = I × SI + J × SJ + K × SK + L × SL + M × SM + N × SN
Examples: When instruction is fetched from on-chip ROM, and an on-chip RAM is accessed.
BSET #0, @FF00
From table A.4:
I = L = 2, J = K = M = N= 0
From table A.3:
SI = 2, SL = 2
Number of states required for execution = 2 × 2 + 2 × 2 = 8
When instruction is fetched from on-chip ROM, branch address is read from on-chip ROM, and
on-chip RAM is used for stack area.
JSR @@ 30
From table A.4:
I = 2, J = K = 1,
L=M=N=0
From table A.3:
SI = SJ = SK = 2
Number of states required for execution = 2 × 2 + 1 × 2+ 1 × 2 = 8
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 303 of 354
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Appendix
Table A.3
Number of Cycles in Each Instruction
Access Location
Execution Status
(Instruction Cycle)
On-Chip Memory
On-Chip Peripheral Module
2
—
Instruction fetch
SI
Branch address read
SJ
Stack operation
SK
Byte data access
SL
2 or 3*
Word data access
SM
2 or 3*
Internal operation
SN
Note:
*
1
Depends on which on-chip peripheral module is accessed. See section 17.1, Register
Addresses (Address Order).
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 304 of 354
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Appendix
Table A.4
Number of Cycles in Each Instruction
Instruction Mnemonic
Instruction
Fetch
I
ADD
ADD.B #xx:8, Rd
1
ADD.B Rs, Rd
1
ADD.W #xx:16, Rd
2
ADD.W Rs, Rd
1
ADD.L #xx:32, ERd
3
ADD.L ERs, ERd
1
ADDS
ADDS #1/2/4, ERd
1
ADDX
ADDX #xx:8, Rd
1
ADDX Rs, Rd
1
AND
AND.B #xx:8, Rd
1
AND.B Rs, Rd
1
AND.W #xx:16, Rd
2
AND.W Rs, Rd
1
AND.L #xx:32, ERd
3
AND.L ERs, ERd
2
ANDC #xx:8, CCR
1
ANDC
BAND
Bcc
Branch
Stack
Addr. Read Operation
J
K
Byte Data
Access
L
BAND #xx:3, Rd
1
BAND #xx:3, @ERd
2
1
BAND #xx:3, @aa:8
2
1
BRA d:8 (BT d:8)
2
BRN d:8 (BF d:8)
2
BHI d:8
2
BLS d:8
2
BCC d:8 (BHS d:8)
2
BCS d:8 (BLO d:8)
2
BNE d:8
2
BEQ d:8
2
BVC d:8
2
BVS d:8
2
BPL d:8
2
BMI d:8
2
BGE d:8
2
Word Data
Access
M
Internal
Operation
N
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Appendix
Instruction
Branch
Instruction Mnemonic
Fetch
I
Addr. Read Operation
J
K
Bcc
BLT d:8
2
BGT d:8
2
BLE d:8
2
BRA d:16(BT d:16)
2
2
BRN d:16(BF d:16)
2
2
BHI d:16
2
2
BLS d:16
2
2
BCC d:16(BHS d:16)
2
2
BCS d:16(BLO d:16)
2
2
BNE d:16
2
2
BEQ d:16
2
2
BVC d:16
2
2
BVS d:16
2
2
BPL d:16
2
2
BMI d:16
2
2
BGE d:16
2
2
BLT d:16
2
2
BGT d:16
2
2
BLE d:16
2
2
BCLR #xx:3, Rd
1
BCLR #xx:3, @ERd
2
2
BCLR #xx:3, @aa:8
2
2
BCLR Rn, Rd
1
BCLR Rn, @ERd
2
2
BCLR Rn, @aa:8
2
2
BIAND #xx:3, Rd
1
BIAND #xx:3, @ERd
2
1
BIAND #xx:3, @aa:8
2
1
BILD #xx:3, Rd
1
BILD #xx:3, @ERd
2
1
BILD #xx:3, @aa:8
2
1
BCLR
BIAND
BILD
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Stack
Byte Data
Word Data
Internal
Access
L
Access
M
Operation
N
Appendix
Instruction
Branch
Byte Data
Word Data
Internal
Fetch
Addr. Read Operation
Access
Access
Operation
Instruction Mnemonic
I
J
L
M
N
BIOR
BIOR #xx:8, Rd
1
BIOR #xx:8, @ERd
2
1
BIOR #xx:8, @aa:8
2
1
BIST #xx:3, Rd
1
BIST #xx:3, @ERd
2
2
BIST #xx:3, @aa:8
2
2
BIXOR #xx:3, Rd
1
BIXOR #xx:3, @ERd
2
1
BIXOR #xx:3, @aa:8
2
1
BLD #xx:3, Rd
1
BLD #xx:3, @ERd
2
1
BLD #xx:3, @aa:8
2
1
BNOT #xx:3, Rd
1
BNOT #xx:3, @ERd
2
2
BNOT #xx:3, @aa:8
2
2
BNOT Rn, Rd
1
BNOT Rn, @ERd
2
2
BNOT Rn, @aa:8
2
2
BOR #xx:3, Rd
1
BOR #xx:3, @ERd
2
1
BOR #xx:3, @aa:8
2
1
BSET #xx:3, Rd
1
BSET #xx:3, @ERd
2
2
BSET #xx:3, @aa:8
2
2
BSET Rn, Rd
1
BSET Rn, @ERd
2
2
BSET Rn, @aa:8
2
2
BSR d:8
2
1
BSR d:16
2
1
BIST
BIXOR
BLD
BNOT
BOR
BSET
BSR
BST
Stack
K
2
BST #xx:3, Rd
1
BST #xx:3, @ERd
2
2
BST #xx:3, @aa:8
2
2
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Appendix
Instruction
Branch
Instruction Mnemonic
Fetch
I
Addr. Read Operation
J
K
BTST
BTST #xx:3, Rd
1
BTST #xx:3, @ERd
2
1
BTST #xx:3, @aa:8
2
1
BTST Rn, Rd
1
BTST Rn, @ERd
2
1
BTST Rn, @aa:8
2
1
BXOR #xx:3, Rd
1
BXOR #xx:3, @ERd
2
1
BXOR #xx:3, @aa:8
2
1
CMP.B #xx:8, Rd
1
CMP.B Rs, Rd
1
CMP.W #xx:16, Rd
2
CMP.W Rs, Rd
1
CMP.L #xx:32, ERd
3
CMP.L ERs, ERd
1
DAA
DAA Rd
1
DAS
DAS Rd
1
BXOR
CMP
DEC
Stack
Byte Data
Word Data
Internal
Access
L
Access
M
Operation
N
DEC.B Rd
1
DEC.W #1/2, Rd
1
DEC.L #1/2, ERd
1
DIVXS.B Rs, Rd
2
12
DIVXS.W Rs, ERd
2
20
DIVXU
DIVXU.B Rs, Rd
1
12
DIVXU.W Rs, ERd
1
EEPMOV
EEPMOV.B
2
2n+2*1
EEPMOV.W
2
2n+2*1
EXTS.W Rd
1
EXTS.L ERd
1
EXTU.W Rd
1
EXTU.L ERd
1
DUVXS
EXTS
EXTU
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20
Appendix
Instruction
Branch
Instruction Mnemonic
Fetch
I
Addr. Read Operation
J
K
INC
INC.B Rd
1
INC.W #1/2, Rd
1
INC.L #1/2, ERd
1
JMP @ERn
2
JMP @aa:24
2
JMP
JSR
LDC
MOV
Stack
Byte Data
Word Data
Internal
Access
L
Access
M
Operation
N
2
JMP @@aa:8
2
JSR @ERn
2
1
JSR @aa:24
2
1
1
1
2
2
JSR @@aa:8
2
LDC #xx:8, CCR
1
1
LDC Rs, CCR
1
[email protected], CCR
2
1
[email protected](d:16, ERs), CCR
3
1
[email protected](d:24,ERs), CCR
5
1
[email protected]+, CCR
2
1
[email protected]:16, CCR
3
1
1
[email protected]:24, CCR
4
MOV.B #xx:8, Rd
1
MOV.B Rs, Rd
1
MOV.B @ERs, Rd
1
1
MOV.B @(d:16, ERs), Rd
2
1
MOV.B @(d:24, ERs), Rd
4
1
MOV.B @ERs+, Rd
1
1
MOV.B @aa:8, Rd
1
1
MOV.B @aa:16, Rd
2
1
MOV.B @aa:24, Rd
3
1
MOV.B Rs, @Erd
1
1
MOV.B Rs, @(d:16, ERd)
2
1
MOV.B Rs, @(d:24, ERd)
4
1
MOV.B Rs, @-ERd
1
1
MOV.B Rs, @aa:8
1
1
2
2
2
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Appendix
Instruction
Branch
Instruction Mnemonic
Fetch
I
Addr. Read Operation
J
K
MOV
MOV.B Rs, @aa:16
2
1
MOV.B Rs, @aa:24
3
1
MOV.W #xx:16, Rd
2
MOV.W Rs, Rd
1
MOV.W @ERs, Rd
1
1
MOV.W @(d:16,ERs), Rd
2
1
MOV.W @(d:24,ERs), Rd
4
1
MOV.W @ERs+, Rd
1
1
MOV.W @aa:16, Rd
2
1
MOV.W @aa:24, Rd
3
1
MOV.W Rs, @ERd
1
1
MOV.W Rs, @(d:16,ERd)
2
1
MOV.W Rs, @(d:24,ERd)
4
1
MOV.W Rs, @-ERd
1
1
MOV.W Rs, @aa:16
2
1
MOV.W Rs, @aa:24
3
1
MOV.L #xx:32, ERd
3
MOV.L ERs, ERd
1
MOV.L @ERs, ERd
2
2
MOV.L @(d:16,ERs), ERd
3
2
MOV.L @(d:24,ERs), ERd
5
2
MOV.L @ERs+, ERd
2
2
MOV.L @aa:16, ERd
3
2
MOV.L @aa:24, ERd
4
2
MOV.L ERs,@ERd
2
2
MOV.L ERs, @(d:16,ERd)
3
2
MOV.L ERs, @(d:24,ERd)
5
2
MOV.L ERs, @-ERd
2
2
MOV.L ERs, @aa:16
3
2
MOV
Stack
Byte Data
Word Data
Internal
Access
L
Access
M
Operation
N
MOV.L ERs, @aa:24
4
MOVFPE
MOVFPE @aa:16, Rd*2
2
1
MOVTPE
MOVTPE Rs,@aa:16*2
2
1
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 310 of 354
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2
2
2
2
2
Appendix
Instruction
Branch
Instruction Mnemonic
Fetch
I
Addr. Read Operation
J
K
MULXS
MULXS.B Rs, Rd
2
12
MULXS.W Rs, ERd
2
20
MULXU.B Rs, Rd
1
12
MULXU.W Rs, ERd
1
20
NEG.B Rd
1
NEG.W Rd
1
NEG.L ERd
1
NOP
1
MULXU
NEG
NOP
NOT
OR
NOT.B Rd
1
NOT.W Rd
1
NOT.L ERd
1
OR.B #xx:8, Rd
1
OR.B Rs, Rd
1
OR.W #xx:16, Rd
2
OR.W Rs, Rd
1
OR.L #xx:32, ERd
3
OR.L ERs, ERd
2
Stack
Byte Data
Word Data
Internal
Access
L
Access
M
Operation
N
ORC
ORC #xx:8, CCR
1
POP
POP.W Rn
1
1
2
POP.L ERn
2
2
2
PUSH
ROTL
ROTR
ROTXL
PUSH.W Rn
1
1
2
PUSH.L ERn
2
2
2
ROTL.B Rd
1
ROTL.W Rd
1
ROTL.L ERd
1
ROTR.B Rd
1
ROTR.W Rd
1
ROTR.L ERd
1
ROTXL.B Rd
1
ROTXL.W Rd
1
ROTXL.L ERd
1
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 311 of 354
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Appendix
Instruction
Branch
Instruction Mnemonic
Fetch
I
Addr. Read Operation
J
K
Stack
ROTXR
ROTXR.B Rd
1
ROTXR.W Rd
1
Byte Data
Word Data
Internal
Access
L
Access
M
Operation
N
ROTXR.L ERd
1
RTE
RTE
2
2
2
RTS
RTS
2
1
2
SHAL
SHAR
SHLL
SHLR
SHAL.B Rd
1
SHAL.W Rd
1
SHAL.L ERd
1
SHAR.B Rd
1
SHAR.W Rd
1
SHAR.L ERd
1
SHLL.B Rd
1
SHLL.W Rd
1
SHLL.L ERd
1
SHLR.B Rd
1
SHLR.W Rd
1
SHLR.L ERd
1
SLEEP
SLEEP
1
STC
STC CCR, Rd
1
STC CCR, @ERd
2
1
STC CCR, @(d:16,ERd)
3
1
STC CCR, @(d:24,ERd)
5
1
STC CCR,@-ERd
2
1
STC CCR, @aa:16
3
1
STC CCR, @aa:24
4
1
SUB.B Rs, Rd
1
SUB.W #xx:16, Rd
2
SUB.W Rs, Rd
1
SUB.L #xx:32, ERd
3
SUB.L ERs, ERd
1
SUBS #1/2/4, ERd
1
SUB
SUBS
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 312 of 354
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2
Appendix
Instruction
Branch
Instruction Mnemonic
Fetch
I
Addr. Read Operation
J
K
SUBX
SUBX #xx:8, Rd
1
SUBX. Rs, Rd
1
TRAPA
TRAPA #xx:2
2
XOR
XOR.B #xx:8, Rd
1
XOR.B Rs, Rd
1
XOR.W #xx:16, Rd
2
XOR.W Rs, Rd
1
XOR.L #xx:32, ERd
3
XOR.L ERs, ERd
2
XORC #xx:8, CCR
1
XORC
1
Stack
2
Byte Data
Word Data
Internal
Access
L
Access
M
Operation
N
4
Notes: 1. n: Specified value in R4L and R4. The source and destination operands are accessed
n+1 times respectively.
2. Cannot be used in this LSI.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 313 of 354
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Appendix
A.4
Combinations of Instructions and Addressing Modes
Table A.5
Combinations of Instructions and Addressing Modes
@@aa:8
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
WL
—
BWL BWL
—
@(d:16.PC)
—
—
—
@aa:24
—
—
—
B
@aa:16
—
—
—
@aa:8
@ERn+/@ERn
@(d:24.ERn)
@ERn
BWL BWL BWL BWL BWL BWL
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
@(d:8.PC)
Data
MOV
transfer
POP, PUSH
instructions
MOVFPE,
Rn
Instructions
#xx
Functions
@(d:16.ERn)
Addressing Mode
MOVTPE
Arithmetic
operations
ADD, CMP
SUB
ADDX, SUBX
BWL BWL
WL BWL
B
B
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
ADDS, SUBS
INC, DEC
—
—
L
BWL
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
DAA, DAS
—
B
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
MULXU,
—
BW
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
BWL
WL
BWL
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
NOT
Shift operations
Bit manipulations
—
—
—
BWL
BWL
B
—
—
B
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
B
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Branching
BCC, BSR
instructions JMP, JSR
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
B
—
B
—
—
—
—
B
B
—
—
—
—
—
W
W
—
—
—
—
—
W
W
—
—
—
—
—
W
W
—
—
—
—
—
W
W
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
W
W
—
—
—
—
W
W
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
BW
—
—
—
MULXS,
DIVXU,
DIVXS
Logical
operations
NEG
EXTU, EXTS
AND, OR, XOR
RTS
System
TRAPA
control
RTE
instructions
SLEEP
LDC
STC
ANDC, ORC,
XORC
NOP
Block data transfer instructions
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 314 of 354
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—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Appendix
Appendix B I/O Port Block Diagrams
B.1
I/O Port Block Diagrams
RES goes low in a reset, and SBY goes low in a reset and in standby mode.
Internal data bus
RES
SBY
PUCR
Pull-up MOS
PMR
PDR
PCR
IRQ
TRGV
Legend
PUCR: Port pull-up control register
PMR: Port mode register
PDR: Port data register
PCR: Port control register
Figure B.1 Port 1 Block Diagram (P17)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 315 of 354
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Appendix
Internal data bus
RES
SBY
PUCR
Pull-up MOS
PMR
PDR
PCR
IRQ
Legend
PUCR: Port pull-up control register
PMR: Port mode register
PDR: Port data register
PCR: Port control register
Figure B.2 Port 1 Block Diagram (P14)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 316 of 354
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Appendix
Internal data bus
RES
SBY
PUCR
Pull-up MOS
PDR
PCR
Legend
PUCR: Port pull-up control register
PDR: Port data register
PCR: Port control register
Figure B.3 Port 1 Block Diagram (P16, P15, P12*, P10)
Note: * This pin is available only in the H8/36014.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 317 of 354
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Appendix
SCI3_3
Internal data bus
RES
SBY
PUCR
SCKIE
Pull-up MOS
SCKOE
PDR
PCR
SCKO
SCKI
Legend
PUCR: Port pull-up control register
PDR: Port data register
PCR: Port control register
Figure B.4 Port 1 Block Diagram (P12) (H8/36024)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 318 of 354
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Appendix
Internal data bus
RES
SBY
PUCR
Pull-up MOS
PDR
PCR
Legend
PUCR: Port pull-up control register
PDR: Port data register
PCR: Port control register
Figure B.5 Port 1 Block Diagram (P11)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 319 of 354
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Appendix
Internal data bus
SBY
PMR
PDR
PCR
SCI3
TXD
Legend
PMR: Port mode register
PDR: Port data register
PCR: Port control register
Figure B.6 Port 2 Block Diagram (P22)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 320 of 354
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Appendix
SBY
Internal data bus
PDR
PCR
SCI3
RE
RXD
Legend
PDR: Port data register
PCR: Port control register
Figure B.7 Port 2 Block Diagram (P21)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 321 of 354
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Appendix
SBY
SCI3
SCKIE
SCKOE
Internal data bus
PDR
PCR
SCKO
SCKI
Legend
PDR: Port data register
PCR: Port control register
Figure B.8 Port 2 Block Diagram (P20)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 322 of 354
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Appendix
Internal data bus
SBY
PMOS
PMR
PDR
PCR
Legend
PMR: Port mode register
PDR: Port data register
PCR: Port control register
Figure B.9 Port 5 Block Diagram (P57, P56) (H8/36014)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 323 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Appendix
Internal data bus
SBY
PMOS
PMR
PDR
PCR
SCI3_3
TXD_3
Legend
PMR: Port mode register
PDR: Port data register
PCR: Port control register
Figure B.10 Port 5 Block Diagram (P57) (H8/36024)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 324 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Appendix
Internal data bus
SBY
PMOS
PMR
PDR
PCR
SCI3_3
RE
RXD_2
Legend
PMR: Port mode register
PDR: Port data register
PCR: Port control register
Figure B.11 Port 5 Block Diagram (P56) (H8/36024)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 325 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Appendix
Internal data bus
RES
SBY
PUCR
Pull-up MOS
PMR
PDR
PCR
WKP
ADTRG
Legend
PUCR: Port pull-up control register
PMR: Port mode register
PDR: Port data register
PCR: Port control register
Figure B.12 Port 5 Block Diagram (P55)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 326 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Appendix
Internal data bus
RES
SBY
PUCR
Pull-up MOS
PMR
PDR
PCR
WKP
Legend
PUCR: Port pull-up control register
PMR: Port mode register
PDR: Port data register
PCR: Port control register
Figure B.13 Port 5 Block Diagram (P54 to P50)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 327 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Appendix
Internal data bus
SBY
Timer V
OS3
OS2
OS1
OS0
PDR
PCR
TMOV
Legend
PDR: Port data register
PCR: Port control register
Figure B.14 Port 7 Block Diagram (P76)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 328 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Appendix
Internal data bus
SBY
PDR
PCR
Timer V
TMCIV
Legend
PDR: Port data register
PCR: Port control register
Figure B.15 Port 7 Block Diagram (P75)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 329 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Appendix
Internal data bus
SBY
PDR
PCR
Timer V
TMRIV
Legend
PDR: Port data register
PCR: Port control register
Figure B.16 Port 7 Block Diagram (P74)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 330 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Appendix
Internal data bus
SBY
PDR
PCR
Legend
PDR: Port data register
PCR: Port control register
Figure B.17 Port 7 Block Diagram (P73)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 331 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Appendix
Internal data bus
SBY
PMR
PDR
PCR
SCI3_2
TXD_2
Legend
PMR: Port mode register
PDR: Port data register
PCR: Port control register
Figure B.18 Port 7 Block Diagram (P72)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 332 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Appendix
SBY
Internal data bus
PDR
PCR
SCI3_2
RE
RXD_2
Legend
PDR: Port data register
PCR: Port control register
Figure B.19 Port 7 Block Diagram (P71)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 333 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Appendix
SBY
SCI3_2
SCKIE
SCKOE
Internal data bus
PDR
PCR
SCKO
SCKI
Legend
PDR: Port data register
PCR: Port control register
Figure B.20 Port 7 Block Diagram (P70)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 334 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Appendix
Internal data bus
SBY
Timer W
Output
control
signals
A to D
PDR
PCR
FTIOA
FTIOB
FTIOC
FTIOD
Legend
PDR: Port data register
PCR: Port control register
Figure B.21 Port 8 Block Diagram (P84 to P81)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 335 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Appendix
Internal data bus
SBY
PDR
PCR
Timer W
FTCI
Legend
PDR: Port data register
PCR: Port control register
Figure B.22 Port 8 Block Diagram (P80)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 336 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Appendix
Internal data bus
A/D converter
CH3 to CH0
DEC
VIN
Figure B.23 Port B Block Diagram (PB3 to PB0)
B.2
Port States in Each Operating State
Port
Reset
Active
Sleep
Subsleep
Standby
P17 to P14,
P12 to P10
High impedance
Functioning
Retained
Retained
High impedance*
P22 to P20
High impedance
Functioning
Retained
Retained
High impedance
P57 to P50
High impedance
Functioning
Retained
Retained
High impedance*
P76 to P70
High impedance
Functioning
Retained
Retained
High impedance
P84 to P80
High impedance
Functioning
Retained
Retained
High impedance
PB3 to PB0
High impedance
High
impedance
High
impedance
Retained
High impedance
Note: * High level output when the pull-up MOS is in on state.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 337 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Appendix
Appendix C Product Code Lineup
Product Type
H8/36024
Product Code
Flash memory Standard HD64F36024FP
version
product
HD64F36024FX
Package Code
HD64F36024FP
LQFP-64 (FP-64E)
HD64F36024FX
LQFP-48 (FP-48F)
HD64F36024FY
HD64F36024FY
LQFP-48 (FP-48B)
HD64F36024FT
HD64F36024FT
QFN-48(TNP-48)
HD64F36024GFP
LQFP-64 (FP-64E)
HD64F36024GFX
LQFP-48 (FP-48F)
HD64F36024GFY
HD64F36024GFY
LQFP-48 (FP-48B)
HD64F36024GFT
HD64F36024GFT
QFN-48(TNP-48)
Masked ROM Standard HD64336024FP
version
product
HD64336024FX
HD64336024(***)FP
LQFP-64 (FP-64E)
HD64336024(***)FX
LQFP-48 (FP-48F)
HD64336024FY
HD64336024(***)FY
LQFP-48 (FP-48B)
HD64336024FT
HD64336024(***)FT
QFN-48(TNP-48)
Product
HD64F36024GFP
with POR
HD64F36024GFX
& LVDC
H8/36023
Model Marking
Product
HD64336024GFP
with POR
HD64336024GFX
& LVDC
HD64336024G(***)FP LQFP-64 (FP-64E)
HD64336024GFY
HD64336024G(***)FY LQFP-48 (FP-48B)
HD64336024GFT
HD64336024G(***)FT QFN-48(TNP-48)
HD64336024G(***)FX LQFP-48 (FP-48F)
Masked ROM Standard HD64336023FP
version
product
HD64336023(***)FP
LQFP-64 (FP-64E)
HD64336023FX
HD64336023(***)FX
LQFP-48 (FP-48F)
HD64336023FY
HD64336023(***)FY
LQFP-48 (FP-48B)
HD64336023FT
HD64336023(***)FT
QFN-48(TNP-48)
HD64336023GFP
Product
with POR HD64336023GFX
& LVDC
HD64336023G(***)FP LQFP-64 (FP-64E)
HD64336023GFY
HD64336023G(***)FY LQFP-48 (FP-48B)
HD64336023GFT
HD64336023G(***)FT QFN-48(TNP-48)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 338 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
HD64336023G(***)FX LQFP-48 (FP-48F)
Appendix
Product Type
H8/36022
Product Code
Package Code
Flash memory Standard HD64F36022FP
version
product
HD64F36022FX
HD64F36022FP
LQFP-64 (FP-64E)
HD64F36022FX
LQFP-48 (FP-48F)
HD64F36022FY
HD64F36022FY
LQFP-48 (FP-48B)
HD64F36022FT
HD64F36022FT
QFN-48(TNP-48)
HD64F36022GFP
LQFP-64 (FP-64E)
HD64F36022GFX
LQFP-48 (FP-48F)
Product
HD64F36022GFP
with POR HD64F36022GFX
& LVDC
HD64F36022GFY
HD64F36022GFY
LQFP-48 (FP-48B)
HD64F36022GFT
HD64F36022GFT
QFN-48(TNP-48)
Masked ROM Standard HD64336022FP
product
version
HD64336022FX
HD64336022(***)FP
LQFP-64 (FP-64E)
HD64336022(***)FX
LQFP-48 (FP-48F)
HD64336022FY
HD64336022(***)FY
LQFP-48 (FP-48B)
HD64336022FT
HD64336022(***)FT
QFN-48(TNP-48)
Product
HD64336022GFP
with POR
HD64336022GFX
& LVDC
H8/36014
Model Marking
HD64336022G(***)FP LQFP-64 (FP-64E)
HD64336022G(***)FX LQFP-48 (FP-48F)
HD64336022GFY
HD64336022G(***)FY LQFP-48 (FP-48B)
HD64336022GFT
HD64336022G(***)FT QFN-48(TNP-48)
Flash memory Standard HD64F36014FP
version
product
HD64F36014FX
HD64F36014FP
LQFP-64 (FP-64E)
HD64F36014FX
LQFP-48 (FP-48F)
HD64F36014FY
HD64F36014FY
LQFP-48 (FP-48B)
HD64F36014FT
HD64F36014FT
QFN-48(TNP-48)
HD64F36014GFP
LQFP-64 (FP-64E)
HD64F36014GFX
LQFP-48 (FP-48F)
Product
HD64F36014GFP
with POR
HD64F36014GFX
& LVDC
HD64F36014GFY
HD64F36014GFY
LQFP-48 (FP-48B)
HD64F36014GFT
HD64F36014GFT
QFN-48(TNP-48)
Masked ROM Standard HD64336014FP
product
version
HD64336014(***)FP
LQFP-64 (FP-64E)
HD64336014FX
HD64336014(***)FX
LQFP-48 (FP-48F)
HD64336014FY
HD64336014(***)FY
LQFP-48 (FP-48B)
HD64336014FT
HD64336014(***)FT
QFN-48(TNP-48)
Product
HD64336014GFP
with POR HD64336014GFX
& LVDC
HD64336014G(***)FP LQFP-64 (FP-64E)
HD64336014G(***)FX LQFP-48 (FP-48F)
HD64336014GFY
HD64336014G(***)FY LQFP-48 (FP-48B)
HD64336014GFT
HD64336014G(***)FT QFN-48(TNP-48)
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 339 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Appendix
Product Type
H8/36013
Product Code
Model Marking
Package Code
Masked ROM Standard HD64336013FP
version
product
HD64336013FX
HD64336013(***)FP
LQFP-64 (FP-64E)
HD64336013(***)FX
LQFP-48 (FP-48F)
HD64336013FY
HD64336013(***)FY
LQFP-48 (FP-48B)
HD64336013FT
HD64336013(***)FT
QFN-48(TNP-48)
Product
HD64336013GFP
with POR HD64336013GFX
& LVDC
H8/36012
HD64336013G(***)FX LQFP-48 (FP-48F)
HD64336013GFY
HD64336013G(***)FY LQFP-48 (FP-48B)
HD64336013GFT
HD64336013G(***)FT QFN-48(TNP-48)
Flash memory Standard HD64F36012FP
product
version
HD64F36012FX
HD64F36012FP
LQFP-64 (FP-64E)
HD64F36012FX
LQFP-48 (FP-48F)
HD64F36012FY
HD64F36012FY
LQFP-48 (FP-48B)
HD64F36012FT
HD64F36012FT
QFN-48(TNP-48)
HD64F36012GFP
LQFP-64 (FP-64E)
HD64F36012GFX
LQFP-48 (FP-48F)
Product
HD64F36012GFP
with POR
HD64F36012GFX
& LVDC
HD64F36012GFY
HD64F36012GFY
LQFP-48 (FP-48B)
HD64F36012GFT
HD64F36012GFT
QFN-48(TNP-48)
Masked ROM Standard HD64336012FP
version
product
HD64336012FX
HD64336012(***)FP
LQFP-64 (FP-64E)
HD64336012(***)FX
LQFP-48 (FP-48F)
HD64336012FY
HD64336012(***)FY
LQFP-48 (FP-48B)
HD64336012FT
HD64336012(***)FT
QFN-48(TNP-48)
Product
HD64336012GFP
with POR
HD64336012GFX
& LVDC
H8/36011
HD64336013G(***)FP LQFP-64 (FP-64E)
HD64336012G(***)FP LQFP-64 (FP-64E)
HD64336012G(***)FX LQFP-48 (FP-48F)
HD64336012GFY
HD64336012G(***)FY LQFP-48 (FP-48B)
HD64336012GFT
HD64336012G(***)FT QFN-48(TNP-48)
Masked ROM Standard HD64336011FP
version
product
HD64336011(***)FP
LQFP-64 (FP-64E)
HD64336011FX
HD64336011(***)FX
LQFP-48 (FP-48F)
HD64336011FY
HD64336011(***)FY
LQFP-48 (FP-48B)
HD64336011FT
HD64336011(***)FT
QFN-48(TNP-48)
Product
HD64336011GFP
with POR HD64336011GFX
& LVDC
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 340 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
HD64336011G(***)FP LQFP-64 (FP-64E)
HD64336011G(***)FX LQFP-48 (FP-48F)
HD64336011GFY
HD64336011G(***)FY LQFP-48 (FP-48B)
HD64336011GFT
HD64336011G(***)FT QFN-48(TNP-48)
Appendix
Product Type
H8/36010
Product Code
Model Marking
Package Code
Masked ROM Standard HD64336010FP
product
version
HD64336010FX
HD64336010(***)FP
LQFP-64 (FP-64E)
HD64336010(***)FX
LQFP-48 (FP-48F)
HD64336010FY
HD64336010(***)FY
LQFP-48 (FP-48B)
HD64336010FT
HD64336010(***)FT
QFN-48(TNP-48)
Product
HD64336010GFP
with POR HD64336010GFX
& LVDC
HD64336010G(***)FP LQFP-64 (FP-64E)
HD64336010G(***)FX LQFP-48 (FP-48F)
HD64336010GFY
HD64336010G(***)FY LQFP-48 (FP-48B)
HD64336010GFT
HD64336010G(***)FT QFN-48(TNP-48)
Legend
POR & LVDC: Power-on reset and low-voltage detection circuits
(***): ROM code
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 341 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Appendix
Appendix D Package Dimensions
The package dimensions that are shows in the Renesas Semiconductor Packages Data Book have
priority.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 342 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
64
e
ZD
1
y
*3
bp
Index mark
D
16
33
x
F
M
17
32
E
*2
49
48
*1
MASS[Typ.]
0.4g
bp
Detail F
L1
L
Terminal cross section
b1
θ
L1
L
ZE
ZD
1.0
0.5
1.25
1.25
0.7
0.08
8°
0.10
0.5
0.22
y
0.3
0°
0.15
0.17
0.20
0.27
0.20
1.70
12.2
12.2
Max
x
e
θ
c1
c
0.12
0.22
0.17
bp
b1
0.10
0.00
A1
A
12.0
11.8
11.8
HD
HE
12.0
10
1.45
A2
10
Nom
Dimension in Millimeters
Min
E
D
Reference
Symbol
NOTE)
1. DIMENSIONS"*1"AND"*2"
DO NOT INCLUDE MOLD FLASH
2. DIMENSION"*3"DOES NOT
INCLUDE TRIM OFFSET.
c1
HD
Previous Code
FP-64E/FP-64EV
A2
A1
c
HE
ZE
RENESAS Code
PLQP0064KC-A
c
JEITA Package Code
P-LQFP64-10x10-0.50
Appendix
Figure D.1 FP-64E Package Dimensions
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 343 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
A
Figure D.2 FP-48F Package Dimensions
48
e
ZD
1
*3
bp
y
Index mark
D
HD
12
25
x
M
F
13
24
E
*2
37
36
*1
Previous Code
FP-48F/FP-48FV
MASS[Typ.]
0.4g
bp
Detail F
L1
L
Terminal cross section
b1
θ
HD
HE
0.5
L
1.0
1.425
ZE
L1
1.425
ZD
0.6
0.13
8°
0.22
0.10
0.65
0.15
0.17
0.37
y
0.4
0°
0.12
0.30
x
e
θ
c1
c
b1
0.1
0.32
0.15
0.27
A1
bp
1.70
12.2
12.2
Max
A
0.05
12.0
11.8
11.8
A2
12.0
10
1.45
E
10
Nom
Dimension in Millimeters
Min
D
Reference
Symbol
NOTE)
1. DIMENSIONS"*1"AND"*2"
DO NOT INCLUDE MOLD FLASH
2. DIMENSION"*3"DOES NOT
INCLUDE TRIM OFFSET.
c1
A
HE
ZE
RENESAS Code
PLQP0048JA-A
c
REJ09B0025-0400
A2
A1
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 344 of 354
c
JEITA Package Code
P-LQFP48-10x10-0.65
Appendix
48
e
ZD
1
D
HD
*3
bp
y
12
25
x
M
F
13
24
E
*2
37
36
*1
MASS[Typ.]
0.2g
bp
Detail F
L1
L
Terminal cross section
b1
θ
9.0
8.8
Figure D.3 FP-48B Package Dimensions
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 345 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
L1
1.0
0.5
0.75
ZE
L
0.75
ZD
0.6
0.08
8°
0.22
0.08
0.5
0.15
0.17
y
0.4
0°
0.12
0.27
0.17
1.70
9.2
9.2
Max
x
e
θ
c1
c
0.20
0.22
0.17
bp
b1
0.10
0.03
A1
A
9.0
8.8
A2
HD
7
1.40
E
HE
7
Nom
Dimension in Millimeters
Min
D
Reference
Symbol
NOTE)
1. DIMENSIONS"*1"AND"*2"
DO NOT INCLUDE MOLD FLASH
2. DIMENSION"*3"DOES NOT
INCLUDE TRIM OFFSET.
c1
Previous Code
FP-48B/FP-48BV
A2
A1
c
HE
ZE
RENESAS Code
PLQP0048KC-A
c
JEITA Package Code
P-LQFP48-7x7-0.50
Appendix
A
E
HE
48
37
1
36
x4
D
y
y1
t
HD
ZD
12
25
13
24
ZE
A2
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 346 of 354
c
c1
Figure D.4 TNP-48 Package Dimensions
A1
RENESAS Code
PVQN0048KA-A
Previous Code
TNP-48/TNP-48V
A
REJ09B0025-0400
MASS[Typ.]
0.1g
b
b1
×M
e
Lp
JEITA Package Code
P-VQFN48-7x7-0.50
7.0
0.5
0.05
0.47
c
1
E
Z
0.15
0.17
0.75
D
c
7.2
0.75
HE
Z
7.2
HD
t
0.22
0.20
0.20
0.35
0.27
0.05
0.12
0.23
0.20
y
1
p
1
y
x
L
e
b
0.04
0.17
b
0.22
1.00
0.02
0.005
A1
Max
A
0.90
E
A2
7.0
Nom
Dimension in Millimeters
Min
D
Reference
Symbol
Appendix
Main Revisions and Additions in this Edition
Item
Page Revision (See Manual for Details)
Preface
vi, vii
When using the on-chip emulator (E7, E8) for H8/36014
program development and debugging, the following
restrictions must be noted.
1. The NMI pin is reserved for the E7 or E8, and cannot be
used.
2. Area H'7000 to H'7FFF is used by the E7 or E8, and is not
available to the user.
4. When the E7 or E8 is used, address breaks can be set as
either available to the user or for use by the E7 or E8. If
address breaks are set as being used by the E7 or E8, the
address break control registers must not be accessed.
5. When the E7 or E8 is used, NMI is an input/output pin
(open-drain in output mode).
6. Use channel 1 of the SCI3 (P21/RXD, P22/TXD) in onboard programming mode by boot mode.
Note has been deleted.
Section 1 Overview
3
3
Can also be used for the E7 or E8 emulator.
4
2
Can also be used for the E7 or E8 emulator.
Figure 1.3 Pin
5
Arrangement (FP-48F, FP48B, TNP-48)
2
Can also be used for the E7 or E8 emulator.
1.2 Internal Block Diagram
Figure 1.1 Internal Block
Diagram
Figure 1.2 Pin
Arrangement (FP-64E)
Table 1.1 Pin Functions
7
Type
Functions
E10T
Interface pin for the E10T, E8, or E7 emulator
Section 7 ROM
77
The features of the 32-kbyte (4 kbytes of them are the control
program area for E7 or E8) flash memory built into the
HD64F36024 and HD64F36014 are summarized below.
Section 8 RAM
93
Note: When the E7 or E8 is used, area H'F780 to H'FB7F
must not be accessed.
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 347 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Item
Page Revision (See Manual for Details)
Section 12 Watchdog
Timer
168
12.2.1 Timer Control/Status
Register WD (TCSRWD)
Section 14 A/D Converter
220
14.3.1 A/D Data Registers
A to D (ADDRA to ADDRD)
Section 18 Electrical
Characteristics
Bit
Bit Name
Description
4
TCSRWE
Timer Control/Status Register WD
Write Enable
Therefore byte access to ADDR should be done by reading
the upper byte first then the lower one. Word access is also
possible. ADDR is initialized to H'0000.
254
Values
Table 18.2 DC
Characteristics (1)
Item
Symbol
Applicable Pins
Test Condition
Min
Input high VIH
voltage
PB3 to PB0
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
VCC × 0.7
Input low
voltage
RXD, RXD_2,
RXD_3*1,
P12 to P10,
P17 to P14,
VIL
VCC × 0.8
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
–0.3
:
PB3 to PB0
Table 18.2 DC
Characteristics (1)
257
Mode
RES Pin
Internal State
Active mode 1
VCC
Operates
Active mode 2
Sleep mode 1
Sleep mode 2
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 348 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Operates
(φOSC/64)
VCC
Only timers operate
Only timers operate
(φOSC/64)
Item
Page Revision (See Manual for Details)
Table 18.10 DC
Characteristics (1)
270
Values
Item
Symbol
Applicable Pins
Test Condition
Min
Input high VIH
voltage
PB3 to PB0
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
VCC × 0.7
Input low
voltage
RXD, RXD_2,
RXD_3*1,
P12 to P10,
P17 to P14,
VCC = 4.0 V to 5.5 V
–0.3
VIL
VCC × 0.8
:
PB3 to PB0
Table 18.10 DC
Characteristics (1)
273
Mode
RES Pin
Internal State
Active mode 1
VCC
Operates
Active mode 2
Sleep mode 1
Operates
(φOSC/64)
VCC
Sleep mode 2
Appendix D Package
Dimensions
343
Swapped with new one.
Figure D.2 FP-48F
Package Dimensions
344
Swapped with new one.
Figure D.3 FP-48B
Package Dimensions
345
Swapped with new one.
Figure D.4 TNP-48
Package Dimensions
346
Swapped with new one.
Only timers operate
Only timers operate
(φOSC/64)
Figure D.1 FP-64E
Package Dimensions
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 349 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 350 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Index
A
A/D converter ......................................... 217
A/D conversion time........................... 224
External trigger input.......................... 225
Sample-and-hold circuit...................... 224
Scan mode........................................... 223
Single mode ........................................ 223
Absolute maximum ratings..................... 251
Address break ........................................... 59
Addressing modes..................................... 30
Absolute address................................... 31
Immediate ............................................. 32
Memory indirect ................................... 32
Program-counter relative ...................... 32
Register direct....................................... 31
Register indirect.................................... 31
Register indirect with displacement...... 31
Register indirect with post-increment... 31
Register indirect with pre-decrement.... 31
Trap instruction..................................... 45
F
Flash memory ........................................... 77
Boot mode............................................. 82
Boot program ........................................ 82
Erase/erase-verify ................................. 88
Erasing units ......................................... 78
Error protection..................................... 91
Hardware protection.............................. 91
Program/program-verify ....................... 86
Programming units................................ 78
Programming/erasing in user program
mode...................................................... 85
Software protection............................... 91
G
General registers ....................................... 13
C
Clock pulse generators.............................. 65
Condition field.......................................... 28
Condition-code register (CCR)................. 14
CPU ............................................................ 9
E
Effective address....................................... 33
Effective address extension ...................... 28
Electrical characteristics
AC Characteristics .............................. 259
DC Characteristics .............................. 254
Exception handling ................................... 45
Reset exception handling...................... 52
Stack status ........................................... 56
I
I/O ports .................................................... 95
I/O port block diagrams ...................... 315
Instruction set............................................ 19
Arithmetic operations instructions ........ 21
Bit Manipulation instructions................ 24
Block data transfer instructions............. 28
Branch instructions ............................... 26
Data Transfer instructions..................... 20
Logic Operations instructions ............... 22
Shift Instructions................................... 23
System control instructions................... 27
Internal power supply step-down
circuit ...................................................... 237
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 351 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Interrupt
Internal interrupts ................................. 54
Interrupt response time ......................... 56
IRQ3 to IRQ0 interrupts ....................... 53
NMI interrupt........................................ 53
WKP5 to WKP0 interrupts ................... 53
L
Large current ports...................................... 2
Low-voltage detection circuit ................. 229
LVDI ...................................................... 235
LVDI (interrupt by low voltage detect)
circuit...................................................... 235
LVDR ..................................................... 234
LVDR (reset by low voltage detect)
circuit...................................................... 234
M
Memory map ............................................ 10
Module standby function .......................... 76
O
On-board programming modes................. 82
Operation field.......................................... 28
P
Package....................................................... 2
Package dimensions................................ 342
Pin arrangement.......................................... 4
Power-down modes .................................. 69
Sleep mode ........................................... 75
Standby mode ....................................... 75
Subsleep mode...................................... 75
Power-on reset ........................................ 229
Power-on reset circuit............................. 233
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 352 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Prescaler S ................................................ 67
Product code lineup ................................ 338
Program counter (PC) ............................... 14
PWM operation....................................... 153
R
Register field............................................. 28
Registers
ABRKCR...................... 60, 228, 232, 234
ABRKSR ...................... 61, 228, 232, 234
ADCR ......................... 222, 227, 231, 234
ADCSR ....................... 221, 227, 231, 234
ADDRA ...................... 220, 227, 231, 234
ADDRB ...................... 220, 227, 231, 234
ADDRC ...................... 220, 227, 231, 234
ADDRD ...................... 220, 227, 231, 234
BARH ........................... 62, 228, 232, 234
BARL............................ 62, 228, 232, 234
BDRH ........................... 62, 228, 232, 234
BDRL............................ 62, 228, 232, 234
BRR ............................ 184, 227, 231, 234
EBR1............................. 81, 227, 231, 233
FENR ............................ 81, 227, 231, 233
FLMCR1....................... 79, 227, 231, 233
FLMCR2....................... 80, 227, 231, 233
GRA............................ 147, 226, 230, 233
GRB ............................ 147, 227, 230, 233
GRC ............................ 147, 227, 231, 233
GRD............................ 147, 227, 231, 233
IEGR1 ........................... 47, 228, 232, 235
IEGR2 ........................... 48, 229, 232, 235
IENR1 ........................... 49, 229, 232, 235
IRR1.............................. 50, 229, 232, 235
IWPR ............................ 51, 229, 232, 235
LVDCR....................... 231, 226, 230, 233
LVDSR ....................... 232, 226, 230, 233
MSTCR1....................... 72, 229, 232, 235
MSTCR2....................... 72, 229, 232, 235
PCR1............................. 97, 228, 232, 235
PCR2........................... 100, 228, 232, 235
PCR5........................... 104, 228, 232, 235
PCR7........................... 109, 228, 232, 235
PCR8........................... 112, 228, 232, 235
PDR1 ............................ 97, 228, 232, 234
PDR2 .......................... 101, 228, 232, 234
PDR5 .......................... 105, 228, 232, 234
PDR7 .......................... 109, 228, 232, 234
PDR8 .......................... 113, 228, 232, 235
PDRB.......................... 116, 228, 232, 235
PMR1............................ 96, 228, 232, 235
PMR5.......................... 103, 228, 232, 235
PUCR1.......................... 98, 228, 232, 234
PUCR5........................ 105, 228, 232, 234
RDR............................ 178, 227, 231, 234
RSR..................................................... 178
SCR3........................... 180, 227, 231, 234
SMCR ......................... 191, 226, 230, 233
SMR............................ 179, 227, 231, 234
SSR ............................. 182, 227, 231, 234
SYSCR1 ....................... 70, 228, 232, 235
SYSCR2 ....................... 71, 228, 232, 235
TCNT.......................... 147, 226, 230, 233
TCNTV....................... 119, 227, 231, 234
TCORA....................... 120, 227, 231, 234
TCORB....................... 120, 227, 231, 234
TCRV0 ....................... 121, 227, 231, 234
TCRV1 ....................... 125, 227, 231, 234
TCRW......................... 140, 226, 230, 233
TCSRV ....................... 123, 227, 231, 234
TCSRWD.................... 168, 227, 231, 234
TCWD ........................ 169, 227, 231, 234
TDR ............................ 178, 227, 231, 234
TIERW ....................... 141, 226, 230, 233
TIOR0......................... 144, 226, 230, 233
TIOR1......................... 145, 226, 230, 233
TMRW ........................ 139, 226, 230, 233
TMWD........................ 170, 228, 231, 234
TSR ..................................................... 178
TSRW ......................... 142, 226, 230, 233
S
Serial communication interface 3 (SCI3) 173
Asynchronous mode............................ 192
Bit rate................................................. 184
Break................................................... 215
Clocked synchronous mode ................ 200
Framing error ...................................... 196
Mark state ........................................... 215
Multiprocessor communication
function ............................................... 207
Overrun error ...................................... 196
Parity error .......................................... 196
Stack pointer (SP) ..................................... 13
System clocks ........................................... 65
T
Timer V................................................... 117
Timer W.................................................. 135
V
Vector address........................................... 45
W
Watchdog timer....................................... 167
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 353 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Rev. 4.00 Sep. 23, 2005 Page 354 of 354
REJ09B0025-0400
Renesas 16-Bit Single-Chip Microcomputer
Hardware Manual
H8/36024 Group, H8/36014 Group
Publication Date: 1st Edition, Mar., 2001
Rev.4.00, Sep. 23, 2005
Published by:
Sales Strategic Planning Div.
Renesas Technology Corp.
Edited by:
Customer Support Department
Global Strategic Communication Div.
Renesas Solutions Corp.
 2005. Renesas Technology Corp., All rights reserved. Printed in Japan.
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Hardware Manual