ADS-942A

ADS-942A
14-Bit, 2MHzLow-Power Sampling A/D Converters
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
DATEL's ADS-942A is a functionally complete,
14-bit, 2MHz, sampling A/D converter. Packaged
in a 32-pin TDIP, the unit contains a fast-settling
sample/hold amplifier, a 14-bit subranging
(two-pass) A/D converter, a precision reference,
three-state output register, and all the timing/con-
FEATURES
„ 14-bit resolution
„ 2MHz minimum throughput
„ Low-power, 2.2 Watts
„ Functionally complete
„ Internal reference and S/H amplifier
„ 78dB signal-to-noise ratio
„ Full Nyquist-rate sampling
„ Small 32-pin TDIP
trol logic necessary to operate from a single start
convert pulse.
The ADS-942AA is optimized for wideband
frequency-domain applications and is fully FFT
tested. The ADS-942AA requires ±15V and ±5V
supplies and typically consumes 2.2 Watts.
INPUT/OUTPUT CONNECTIONS
PIN FUNCTION
PIN
FUNCTION
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
+10V REF. OUT
BIPOLAR
ANALOG INPUT
SIGNAL GROUND
OFFSET ADJUST
ANALOG GROUND
OVERFLOW
CODING SELECT
ENABLE
+5V SUPPLY
DIGITAL GROUND
+15V SUPPLY
–15V SUPPLY
–5V SUPPLY
ANALOG GROUND
EOC
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
START CONVERT
BIT 1 OUT (MSB)
BIT 1 OUT (MSB)
BIT 2 OUT
BIT 3 OUT
BIT 4 OUT
BIT 5 OUT
BIT 6 OUT
BIT 7 OUT
BIT 8 OUT
BIT 9 OUT
BIT 10 OUT
BIT 11 OUT
BIT 12 OUT
BIT 13 OUT
BIT 14 OUT (LSB)
BLOCK DIAGRAM
DAC
31 BIT 1 OUT (MSB)
30 BIT 1 OUT (MSB)
29 BIT 2 OUT
REGISTER
S2
FLASH
ADC
BIPOLAR 2
BUFFER
S/H
REGISTER
ANALOG INPUT 3
S1
3-STATE OUTPUT REGISTER
OFFSET
CIRCUIT
OFFSET ADJUST 5
DIGITAL CORRECTION LOGIC
REF
+10V REF. OUT 1
28 BIT 3 OUT
27 BIT 4 OUT
26 BIT 5 OUT
25 BIT 6 OUT
24 BIT 7 OUT
23 BIT 8 OUT
22 BIT 9 OUT
21 BIT 10 OUT
20 BIT 11 OUT
19 BIT 12 OUT
18 BIT 13 OUT
17 BIT 14 OUT (LSB)
START CONVERT 32
TIMING AND
CONTROL LOGIC
9 ENABLE
EOC 16
7 OVERFLOW
4
10
11
12
13
14
6, 15
8
SIGNAL
GROUND
+5V
SUPPLY
DIGITAL
GROUND
+15V
SUPPLY
–15V
SUPPLY
–5V
SUPPLY
ANALOG
GROUND
CODING
SELECT
Figure 1. ADS-942A Functional Block Diagram
DATEL, Inc. 11 Cabot Boulevard, Mansfield, MA 02048-1151 USA
• Tel: (508) 339-3000
•
www.datel.com
•
e-mail: help@datel.com
23 Jul 2015
MDA_ADS-942A.B02 Page 1 of 6
ADS-942A
14-Bit, 2MHzLow-Power Sampling A/D Converters
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
PARAMETERS
+15V Supply (Pin 12)
–15V Supply (Pin 13)
+5V Supply (Pin 10)
Digital Inputs (Pin 8, 9, 32)
Analog Input (Pin 3)
Lead Temp. (10 seconds)
OUTPUTS
LIMITS
0 to +16
0 to –16
0 to +6.0
–0.3 to +VDD +0.3
±25
300
UNITS
Volts
Volts
Volts
Volts
Volts
°C
FUNCTIONAL SPECIFICATIONS
(TA = +25°C, ±VCC = ±15V ±VDD = +5V, 2MHz sampling rate, and a minimum 7 minute
warmup unless otherwise specified.)
ANALOG INPUTS
Input Voltage Range
Unipolar
Bipolar
Input Impedence
Input Capacitance
DIGITAL INPUTS
Logic Levels
Logic "1"
Logic "0"
Logic Loading "1"
Logic Loading "0"
PERFORMANCE
Integral Non-Linearity (fin = 1MHz)
+25°C
0 to +70°C
–40 to +100°C
Differential Non-Linearity (fin = 1MHz)
+25°C
0 to +70°C
–40 to +100°C
Full Scale Absolute Accuracy
+25°C
0 to +70°C
–40 to +100°C
Unipolar Zero Error
+25°C (see Figure 3)
0 to +70°C
–40 to +100°C
Bipolar Zero Error
+25°C (see Figure 3)
0 to +70°C
–40 to +100°C
Bipolar Offset Error
+25°C (see Figure 3)
0 to +70°C
–40 to +100°C
Gain Error
+25°C (see Figure 3)
0 to +70°C
–40 to +100°C
No Missing Codes (fin = 500kHz)
14 Bits
13 Bits
Resolution
MIN.
TYP.
MAX.
UNITS
—
—
2.2
—
0 to +10
±5
5
7
—
—
—
15
Volts
Volts
kΩ
pF
+2.0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
+0.5
+5
–600
Volts
Volts
μA
μA
—
—
—
±1
±1
±2
±2
±2
±3
LSB
LSB
LSB
—
–0.95
–1
±0.5
±0.75
±1
±0.75
±0.95
+2.5
LSB
LSB
LSB
—
—
—
±0.1
±0.12
±0.45
±0.122
±0.36
±0.85
%FSR
%FSR
%FSR
—
—
—
±0.05
±0.1
±0.2
±0.122
±0.2
±0.3
%FSR
%FSR
%FSR
—
—
—
±0.05
±0.1
±0.2
±0.122
±0.2
±0.3
%FSR
%FSR
%FSR
—
—
—
±0.1
±0.12
±0.5
±0.2
±0.3
±0.8
%FSR
%FSR
%FSR
—
—
—
±0.018
±0.12
±0.6
±0.122
±0.3
±0.8
%FSR
%FSR
%FSR
0 to +70°C
–40 to +100°C
14 Bits
DATEL, Inc. 11 Cabot Boulevard, Mansfield, MA 02048-1151 USA
MIN.
TYP.
MAX.
UNITS
Staight Bin./Offset Bin./Two's Comp.
Comp. Bin./Comp. Offset Bin./C2C
Output Coding
Logic Level
Logic "1"
Logic "0"
Logic Loading "1"
Logic Loading "0"
Internal Reference
Voltage, +25°C
Drift
External Current
+2.4
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
+0.4
–160
+6.4
Volts
Volts
μA
mA
+9.98
—
—
+10.0
±13
—
+10.02
±30
5
Volts
ppm/°C
mA
–85
–80
–77
—
–75
–70
dB
dB
dB
78
75
73
—
—
—
dB
dB
dB
78
75
72
—
—
—
dB
dB
dB
–86
–81
–78
85
–77
–75
—
—
dB
dB
dB
dB
6
1.75
250
—
—
—
—
—
10
±10
MHz
MHz
V/μs
ns
ps
—
250
150
450
ns
ns
—
—
85
1000
250
—
—
—
2000
—
MHz
MHz
dB
ns
μVrms
+14.25
–14.25
+4.75
–4.75
+15.0
–15.0
+5.0
–5.0
+15.75
–15.75
+5.25
–5.25
Volts
Volts
Volts
Volts
—
—
—
—
—
—
+65
–80
+150
–55
2.9
—
+87
–105
+185
–65
3.5
±0.05
mA
mA
mA
mA
Watts
%FSR%V
DYNAMIC PERFORMANCE
Total Harm. Distort. (–0.5dB)
dc to 100kHz
—
100kHz to 500kHz
—
500kHz to 1MHz
—
Signal-to-Noise Ratio (w/o distortion, –0.5dB )
dc to 100kHz
74
100kHz to 500kHz
73
500kHz to 1MHz
—
Signal-to-Noise Ratio (and distortion, –0.5dB) c
dc to 100kHz
73
100kHz to 500kHz
72
500kHz to 1MHz
—
Spurious Free Dyn. Range ➁
dc to 100kHz
—
100 to 500kHz
—
500kHz to 1MHz
—
Two-tone IMD ➂
—
Input Bandwidth (–3dB)
Small Signal (–20dB input)
—
Large Signal (–0.5dB input)
—
Slew Rate
—
Aperature Delay Time
—
Aperature Uncertainty
—
S/H Aquisition Time (to ±0.003%FSR)
Sinusoidal (fin = 1MHz)
—
Step input (10V)
—
Conversion Rate
Sinusoidal (fin = 1MHz)
2
Step input
1.3
Feedthrough Rejection (fin = 1MHz)
—
Overvoltage Recovery, ±12V
—
Noise
—
POWER REQUIREMENTS
Power Supply Ranges
+15V Supply
–15V Supply
+5V Supply
–5V Supply
Power Supply Currents
+15V Supply
–15V Supply
+5V Supply
–5V Supply
Power Dissipation
Power Supply Rejection
• Tel: (508) 339-3000
•
www.datel.com
•
e-mail: help@datel.com
23 Jul 2015
MDA_ADS-942A.B02 Page 2 of 6
ADS-942A
14-Bit, 2MHzLow-Power Sampling A/D Converters
PHYSICAL/ENVIRONMENTAL
Operating Temp. Range, Case
ADS-942AMC, AMC-C
ADS-942AME, AM-C
Storage Temperature Range
Package Type
Weight
Two's complement coding requires using pin 31 (MSB). With pin 8 tied low,
adjust the trimpot until the code flickers between 00 0000 0000 0000 and
00 0000 0000 0001.
0
—
+70
°C
–40
—
+100
°C
–65
—
+150
°C
32-pin, metal-sealed, ceramic TDIP
0.46 ounces (13 grams)
3. Set the output of the voltage reference used in step 2 to the value shown in
Table 2.
Adjust the gain trimpot until the output code flickers equally between 11
1111 1111 1110 and 11 1111 1111 1111 with pin 8 tied low (straight
binary/offset binary) or between 00 0000 0000 0000 and 00 0000 0000
0001 with pin 8 tied high (complementary binary/complementary offset
binary).
Footnotes:
➀ Effective bits is equal to:
(SNR + Distortion) – 1.76 +
20 log
Full Scale Amplitude
Actual Input Amplitude
Two's complement coding requires using pin 31 (MSB). With pin 8 tied low,
adjust the gain trimpot until the output code flickers equally between 01
1111 1111 1110 and 01 1111 1111 1111.
6.02
➁ Same specification as In-Band Harmonics and Peak Harmonics.
➂ Two-tone Intermodulation Distortion (IMD) conditions:
fin = 100kHz, 240kHz, fs = 2MHz, –0.5dB.
4. To confirm proper operation of the device, vary the precision reference voltage source to obtain the output coding listed in Table 3.
TECHNICAL NOTES
1. Rated performance requires using good high-frequency circuit board layout
techniques. Connect the digital and analog grounds to one point, the analog
ground plane beneath the converter. Due to the inductance and resistance
of the power supply return paths, return the analog and digital ground
separately to the power supplies. SIGNAL GROUND (pin 4) is not internally
connected to ANALOG GROUND (pins 6, 15).
INPUT RANGE
INPUT PIN
0 +10V
Pin 3
TIE TOGETHER
Pins 2 and 4
±5V
Pin 3
Pins 1 and 2
Table 1. Input Connections
2. Bypass the analog and digital supplies and the +10V REF. OUT (pin 1) to
ground with a 4.7μF, 25V tantalum electrolytic capacitor in parallel with a
0.1μF ceramic capacitor.
3. CODING SELECT (pin 8) is compatible with CMOS/TTL logic levels for those
users desiring logic control of this function. There is an internal pull-up
resistor on this pin; connect to +5V or leave open for logic 1. See the Calibration Procedure for selecting an output coding.
INPUT ZERO
ADJUST RANGE
GAIN ADJUST
+½ LSB
FS –1½ LSB
0 to +10V
+305μV
+9.999085V
±5V
+305μV
+4.999085V
Table 2. Zero and Gain Adjustments
4. To enable the three-state outputs, connect ENABLE (pin 9) to a logic "0"
(low). To disable, connect pin 9 to a logic "1" (high).
5. OVERFLOW (pin 7) changes from low (logic "0") to high (logic "1") when
the input voltage exceeds the input voltage range limits by 1LSB (610μV).
START
CONVERT
N
35ns min., 50ns typ., 60 ns max
CALIBRATION PROCEDURE
N+1
35ns max..
1. Connect the converter per Figure 3 and Table 1 for the ppropriate input voltage range. Apply a pulse of 35 nanoseconds minimum to START CONVERT
(pin 32) at a rate of 200kHz. This rate is chosen to reduce flicker if LEDs are
used on the outputs for calibration purposes.
Conversion Time
300ns typ., 325ns max.
EOC
10ns typ.
15ns max.
INTERNAL S/H
35ns typ.
Hold
2. Zero Adjustments
150ns max.
Aquisition Time
350ns min.
Apply a precision voltage reference source between ANALOG INPUT (pin 3)
and SIGNAL GROUND (pin 4), then adjust the reference source output per
Table 2.
30ns max.
OUTPUT
DATA
For unipolar, adjust the zero trimpot so that the output code flickers equally
between 00 0000 0000 0000 and 00 0000 0000 0001 with CODING SELECT (pin 8) tied low (straight binary) or between 11 1111 1111 1111 and
11 1111 1111 1110 with pin 8 tied high (complementary binary).
DATA N VALID
DATA N-1 VALID
300ns min.
INVALID DATA
200ns max.
Note: Scale is approximately 25ns per division.
Figure 2. ADS-942A Timing Diagram
For bipolar operation, adjust the trimpot until the code flickers equally
between 10 0000 0000 0000 and 10 0000 0000 0001 with pin 8 tied low
(offset binary) or between 01 1111 1111 1111 and 01 1111 1111 1110
with pin 8 tied high (complementary offset binary).
DATEL, Inc. 11 Cabot Boulevard, Mansfield, MA 02048-1151 USA
• Tel: (508) 339-3000
•
www.datel.com
•
e-mail: help@datel.com
23 Jul 2015
MDA_ADS-942A.B02 Page 3 of 6
ADS-942A
14-Bit, 2MHzLow-Power Sampling A/D Converters
ZERO/OFFSET
ADJUST
20k:
+15V
0.1μF
+
4.7μF
–5V
4.7μF
0.1μF
0.1μF
+
4.7μF
–15V
4.7μF
31 BIT 1 OUT(MSB)
30 BIT 1 OUT(MSB)
29 BIT 2 OUT
28 BIT 3 OUT
27 BIT 4 OUT
26 BIT 5 OUT
25 BIT 6 OUT
24 BIT 7 OUT
23 BIT 8 OUT
DIGITAL
11 GROUND
14
12
+
+15V
5
OFFSET
ADJUST
10
+
+5V
–15V
0.1μF
22 BIT 9 OUT
21 BIT 10 OUT
20 BIT 11 OUT
19 BIT 12 OUT
6, 15 ANALOG
GROUND
13
ADS-942A
18 BIT 13 OUT
17 BIT 14 OUT (LSB)
7 OVERFLOW
GAIN ADJUST
16 EOC
0 to +10V
3 ANALOG INPUT
100:
CODING SELECT
+5V
8
4 SIGNAL GROUND
START CONVERT 32
1 +10V REF. OUT
0.1μF
4.7μF
ENABLE
9
BIPOLAR
2
Figure 3. Typical ADS-942A Connection Diagram
Removing System Errors
Use external trimpots to remove system errors or to reduce small initial
errors to zero. Use a 100Ω trimpot in series with the analog input for gain
adjustment; use a fixed 50Ω resistor in its place for operation without
adjustment.
STRAIGHT BINARY
UNIPOLAR
SCALE
+FS – 1 LSB
+7/8 FS
+3/4 FS
+1/2 FS
+1/4 FS
+1/8 FS
+1 LSB
0
INPUT RANGE
0 to +10V
+9.999390
+8.750000
+7.500000
+5.000000
+2.500000
+1.250000
+0.000610
0.000000
MSB
LSB
11 1111 1111 1111
11 1000 0000 0000
11 0000 0000 0000
10 0000 0000 0000
01 0000 0000 0000
00 1000 0000 0000
00 0000 0000 0001
00 0000 0000 0000
OFFSET BINARY
Use a 20kΩ trimpot with the wiper tied to OFFSET ADJUST (pin 5) for zero/
offset adjustment. Connect pin 5 to ANALOG GROUND (pin 6) for operation
without zero/offset adjustment.
COMP. BINARY
OUTPUT CODING
MSB
LSB
00 0000 0000 0000
00 0111 1111 1111
00 1111 1111 1111
01 1111 1111 1111
10 1111 1111 1111
11 0111 1111 1111
11 1111 1111 1110
11 1111 1111 1111
COMP. OFF. BIN.
MSB
LSB
01 1111 1111 1111
01 1000 0000 0000
01 0000 0000 0000
00 0000 0000 0000
11 0000 0000 0000
10 1000 0000 0000
10 0000 0000 0001
10 0000 0000 0000
TWO'S COMP.
INPUT RANGE
±5V
+4.999390
+3.750000
+2.500000
0.000000
–2.500000
–3.750000
–4.999390
–5.000000
BIPOLAR
SCALE
+FS – 1LSB
+3/4FS
+1/2FS
0
–1/2FS
–3/4FS
–FS+1LSB
–FS
Table 3. Output Coding
DATEL, Inc. 11 Cabot Boulevard, Mansfield, MA 02048-1151 USA
• Tel: (508) 339-3000
•
www.datel.com
•
e-mail: help@datel.com
23 Jul 2015
MDA_ADS-942A.B02 Page 4 of 6
ADS-942A
14-Bit, 2MHzLow-Power Sampling A/D Converters
THERMAL REQUIREMENTS
Electrically insulating, thermally conductive "pads" may be installed
underneath the package. Devices should be soldered to boards rather than
"socketed," and of course, minimal air flow over the surface can greatly
help reduce the package temperature.
All DATEL sampling A/D converters are fully characterized and specified over operating temperature (case) ranges of 0 to +70°C and -55
to +125°C. All room-temperature (TA = +25°C) production testing is
performed without the use of heat sinks or forced-air cooling. Thermal
impedance figures for each device are listed in their respective specification tables.
In more severe ambient conditions, the package/junction temperature of a
given device can be reduced dramatically (typically 35%) by using one of
DATEL's HS Series heat sinks. See Ordering Information for the assigned
part number. See page 1-183 of the DATEL Data Acquisition Components
Catalog for more information on the HS Series. Request DATEL Application
Note AN-8, "Heat Sinks for DIP Data Converters," or contact DATEL directly,
for additional information.
These devices do not normally require heat sinks, however, standard precautionary design and layout procedures should be used to ensure devices
do not overheat. The ground and power planes beneath the package, as
well as all pcb signal runs to and from the device, should be as heavy as
possible to help conduct heat away from the package.
0
Amplitude Relative to Full Scale (dB)
–10
–20
–30
–40
–50
–60
–70
–80
–90
–100
–110
–120
–130
–140
–150
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
Frequency (MHz)
(fs = 2MHz, fin = 490kHz, Vin = –0.5dB, 16,384-point FFT)
Figure 4. ADS-942A FFT Analysis
DATEL, Inc. 11 Cabot Boulevard, Mansfield, MA 02048-1151 USA
• Tel: (508) 339-3000
•
www.datel.com
•
e-mail: help@datel.com
23 Jul 2015
MDA_ADS-942A.B02 Page 5 of 6
ADS-942A
14-Bit, 2MHzLow-Power Sampling A/D Converters
MECHANICAL DIMENSIONS INCHES (mm)
1.72 MAX.
(43.69)
32
Dimension Tolerances (unless otherwise indicated):
2 place decimal (.XX) ±0.010 (±0.254)
3 place decimal (.XXX) ±0.005 (±0.127)
17
Lead Material: Kovar alloy
1.11 MAX.
(28.19)
1
Lead Finish: 50 microinches (minimum) gold plating
over 100 microinches (nominal) nickel plating
16
0.100 TYP.
(2.540)
0.235 MAX.
(5.969)
1.500
(38.100)
0.200 MAX.
(5.080)
+0.002
0.010 –0.001
(0.254)
0.190 MAX.
(4.826)
0.018 ±0.002
(0.457)
SEATING
PLANE
0.025
(0.635)
0.100
(2.540)
0.040
(1.016)
0.900 ±0.010
(22.860)
0.100
(2.540)
ORDERING INFORMATION
MODEL
NUMBER
OPERATING
TEMP. RANGE
PACKAGE
ROHS
ADS-942AMC
0 to +70°C
TDIP
No
ADS-942AMC-C
0 to +70°C
TDIP
Yes
ADS-942AME
–40 to +100°C
TDIP
No
ADS-942AME-C
–40 to +100°C
TDIP
Yes
ACCESSORIES
ADS-EVAL4
HS-32
Evaluation Board (without ADS942A)
Heat Sink for all ADS-942A models
Receptacles for PC mounting can be ordered through AMP Inc., Part # 3-331272-8 (Component Lead Socket), 32 required.
DATEL is a registered trademark of DATEL, Inc.
11 Cabot Boulevard, Mansfield, MA 02048-1151 USA
DATEL, Inc. makes no representation that the use of its products in the circuits described herein, or the use of other technical information
contained herein, will not infringe upon existing or future patent rights. The descriptions contained herein do not imply the granting of
licenses to make, use, or sell equipment constructed in accordance therewith. Specifications are subject to change without notice.
ITAR and ISO 9001/14001 REGISTERED
© 2015 DATEL, Inc.
www.datel.com • e-mail: help@datel.com
23 Jul 2015
MDA_ADS-942A.B02 Page 6 of 6