ALTERA EPM7128STI100-10

MAX 7000
Programmable Logic
Device Family
®
September 2005, ver. 6.7
Data Sheet
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Features...
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High-performance, EEPROM-based programmable logic devices
(PLDs) based on second-generation MAX® architecture
5.0-V in-system programmability (ISP) through the built-in
IEEE Std. 1149.1 Joint Test Action Group (JTAG) interface available in
MAX 7000S devices
– ISP circuitry compatible with IEEE Std. 1532
Includes 5.0-V MAX 7000 devices and 5.0-V ISP-based MAX 7000S
devices
Built-in JTAG boundary-scan test (BST) circuitry in MAX 7000S
devices with 128 or more macrocells
Complete EPLD family with logic densities ranging from 600 to
5,000 usable gates (see Tables 1 and 2)
5-ns pin-to-pin logic delays with up to 175.4-MHz counter
frequencies (including interconnect)
PCI-compliant devices available
For information on in-system programmable 3.3-V MAX 7000A or 2.5-V
MAX 7000B devices, see the MAX 7000A Programmable Logic Device Family
Data Sheet or the MAX 7000B Programmable Logic Device Family Data
Sheet.
Table 1. MAX 7000 Device Features
Feature
EPM7032
EPM7064
EPM7096
EPM7128E
EPM7160E
EPM7192E
EPM7256E
Usable
gates
600
1,250
1,800
2,500
3,200
3,750
5,000
Macrocells
32
64
96
128
160
192
256
Logic array
blocks
2
4
6
8
10
12
16
Maximum
user I/O pins
36
68
76
100
104
124
164
12
tPD (ns)
6
6
7.5
7.5
10
12
tSU (ns)
5
5
6
6
7
7
7
tFSU (ns)
2.5
2.5
3
3
3
3
3
tCO1 (ns)
fCNT (MHz)
4
4
4.5
4.5
5
6
6
151.5
151.5
125.0
125.0
100.0
90.9
90.9
Altera Corporation
DS-MAX7000-6.7
1
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 2. MAX 7000S Device Features
Feature
EPM7032S
EPM7064S
EPM7128S
EPM7160S
EPM7192S
EPM7256S
Usable gates
600
1,250
2,500
3,200
3,750
5,000
Macrocells
32
64
128
160
192
256
Logic array
blocks
2
4
8
10
12
16
Maximum
user I/O pins
36
68
100
104
124
164
tPD (ns)
5
5
6
6
7.5
7.5
tSU (ns)
2.9
2.9
3.4
3.4
4.1
3.9
tFSU (ns)
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
3
3
tCO1 (ns)
3.2
3.2
4
3.9
4.7
4.7
175.4
175.4
147.1
149.3
125.0
128.2
fCNT (MHz)
...and More
Features
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2
Open-drain output option in MAX 7000S devices
Programmable macrocell flipflops with individual clear, preset,
clock, and clock enable controls
Programmable power-saving mode for a reduction of over 50% in
each macrocell
Configurable expander product-term distribution, allowing up to
32 product terms per macrocell
44 to 208 pins available in plastic J-lead chip carrier (PLCC), ceramic
pin-grid array (PGA), plastic quad flat pack (PQFP), power quad flat
pack (RQFP), and 1.0-mm thin quad flat pack (TQFP) packages
Programmable security bit for protection of proprietary designs
3.3-V or 5.0-V operation
–
MultiVoltTM I/O interface operation, allowing devices to
interface with 3.3-V or 5.0-V devices (MultiVolt I/O operation is
not available in 44-pin packages)
– Pin compatible with low-voltage MAX 7000A and MAX 7000B
devices
Enhanced features available in MAX 7000E and MAX 7000S devices
– Six pin- or logic-driven output enable signals
– Two global clock signals with optional inversion
– Enhanced interconnect resources for improved routability
–
Fast input setup times provided by a dedicated path from I/O
pin to macrocell registers
–
Programmable output slew-rate control
Software design support and automatic place-and-route provided by
Altera’s development system for Windows-based PCs and Sun
SPARCstation, and HP 9000 Series 700/800 workstations
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
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General
Description
Additional design entry and simulation support provided by EDIF
2 0 0 and 3 0 0 netlist files, library of parameterized modules (LPM),
Verilog HDL, VHDL, and other interfaces to popular EDA tools from
manufacturers such as Cadence, Exemplar Logic, Mentor Graphics,
OrCAD, Synopsys, and VeriBest
Programming support
–
Altera’s Master Programming Unit (MPU) and programming
hardware from third-party manufacturers program all
MAX 7000 devices
–
The BitBlasterTM serial download cable, ByteBlasterMVTM
parallel port download cable, and MasterBlasterTM
serial/universal serial bus (USB) download cable program MAX
7000S devices
The MAX 7000 family of high-density, high-performance PLDs is based
on Altera’s second-generation MAX architecture. Fabricated with
advanced CMOS technology, the EEPROM-based MAX 7000 family
provides 600 to 5,000 usable gates, ISP, pin-to-pin delays as fast as 5 ns,
and counter speeds of up to 175.4 MHz. MAX 7000S devices in the -5, -6,
-7, and -10 speed grades as well as MAX 7000 and MAX 7000E devices in
-5, -6, -7, -10P, and -12P speed grades comply with the PCI Special Interest
Group (PCI SIG) PCI Local Bus Specification, Revision 2.2. See Table 3
for available speed grades.
Table 3. MAX 7000 Speed Grades
Device
Speed Grade
-5
EPM7032
EPM7032S
v
EPM7064
EPM7064S
v
-6
-7
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
Altera Corporation
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
-20
v
v
EPM7256E
EPM7256S
-15T
v
v
EPM7192E
EPM7192S
-15
v
v
EPM7160E
v
-12
v
v
v
-12P
v
v
EPM7128E
EPM7160S
-10
v
EPM7096
EPM7128S
-10P
v
v
v
v
v
v
3
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
The MAX 7000E devices—including the EPM7128E, EPM7160E,
EPM7192E, and EPM7256E devices—have several enhanced features:
additional global clocking, additional output enable controls, enhanced
interconnect resources, fast input registers, and a programmable slew
rate.
In-system programmable MAX 7000 devices—called MAX 7000S
devices—include the EPM7032S, EPM7064S, EPM7128S, EPM7160S,
EPM7192S, and EPM7256S devices. MAX 7000S devices have the
enhanced features of MAX 7000E devices as well as JTAG BST circuitry in
devices with 128 or more macrocells, ISP, and an open-drain output
option. See Table 4.
Table 4. MAX 7000 Device Features
Feature
EPM7032
EPM7064
EPM7096
All
MAX 7000E
Devices
All
MAX 7000S
Devices
ISP via JTAG interface
v
JTAG BST circuitry
v(1)
v
Open-drain output option
Fast input registers
v
v
Six global output enables
v
v
Two global clocks
v
v
v
v
MultiVolt interface (2)
v
v
v
Programmable register
v
v
v
Parallel expanders
v
v
v
Shared expanders
v
v
v
Power-saving mode
v
v
v
Security bit
v
v
v
PCI-compliant devices available
v
v
v
Slew-rate control
Notes:
(1)
(2)
4
Available only in EPM7128S, EPM7160S, EPM7192S, and EPM7256S devices only.
The MultiVolt I/O interface is not available in 44-pin packages.
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
The MAX 7000 architecture supports 100% TTL emulation and
high-density integration of SSI, MSI, and LSI logic functions. The
MAX 7000 architecture easily integrates multiple devices ranging from
PALs, GALs, and 22V10s to MACH and pLSI devices. MAX 7000 devices
are available in a wide range of packages, including PLCC, PGA, PQFP,
RQFP, and TQFP packages. See Table 5.
Table 5. MAX 7000 Maximum User I/O Pins
Device
Note (1)
4444446884- 100- 100Pin
Pin
Pin
Pin
Pin
Pin
Pin
PLCC PQFP TQFP PLCC PLCC PQFP TQFP
EPM7032
36
EPM7032S
36
EPM7064
36
36
EPM7064S
36
36
EPM7096
36
160Pin
PQFP
192Pin
PGA
208Pin
PQFP
208Pin
RQFP
36
36
52
68
68
68
52
68
64
76
EPM7128E
68
84
EPM7128S
68
84
EPM7160E
64
84
EPM7160S
64
100
84 (2)
100
104
84 (2)
104
EPM7192E
124
EPM7192S
124
EPM7256E
132 (2)
EPM7256S
160Pin
PGA
124
164
164
164 (2)
164
Notes:
(1)
(2)
When the JTAG interface in MAX 7000S devices is used for either boundary-scan testing or for ISP, four I/O pins
become JTAG pins.
Perform a complete thermal analysis before committing a design to this device package. For more information, see
the Operating Requirements for Altera Devices Data Sheet.
MAX 7000 devices use CMOS EEPROM cells to implement logic
functions. The user-configurable MAX 7000 architecture accommodates a
variety of independent combinatorial and sequential logic functions. The
devices can be reprogrammed for quick and efficient iterations during
design development and debug cycles, and can be programmed and
erased up to 100 times.
Altera Corporation
5
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
MAX 7000 devices contain from 32 to 256 macrocells that are combined
into groups of 16 macrocells, called logic array blocks (LABs). Each
macrocell has a programmable-AND/fixed-OR array and a configurable
register with independently programmable clock, clock enable, clear, and
preset functions. To build complex logic functions, each macrocell can be
supplemented with both shareable expander product terms and highspeed parallel expander product terms to provide up to 32 product terms
per macrocell.
The MAX 7000 family provides programmable speed/power
optimization. Speed-critical portions of a design can run at high
speed/full power, while the remaining portions run at reduced
speed/low power. This speed/power optimization feature enables the
designer to configure one or more macrocells to operate at 50% or lower
power while adding only a nominal timing delay. MAX 7000E and
MAX 7000S devices also provide an option that reduces the slew rate of
the output buffers, minimizing noise transients when non-speed-critical
signals are switching. The output drivers of all MAX 7000 devices (except
44-pin devices) can be set for either 3.3-V or 5.0-V operation, allowing
MAX 7000 devices to be used in mixed-voltage systems.
The MAX 7000 family is supported byAltera development systems, which
are integrated packages that offer schematic, text—including VHDL,
Verilog HDL, and the Altera Hardware Description Language (AHDL)—
and waveform design entry, compilation and logic synthesis, simulation
and timing analysis, and device programming. The software provides
EDIF 2 0 0 and 3 0 0, LPM, VHDL, Verilog HDL, and other interfaces for
additional design entry and simulation support from other industrystandard PC- and UNIX-workstation-based EDA tools. The software runs
on Windows-based PCs, as well as Sun SPARCstation, and HP 9000 Series
700/800 workstations.
f
Functional
Description
6
For more information on development tools, see the MAX+PLUS II
Programmable Logic Development System & Software Data Sheet and the
Quartus Programmable Logic Development System & Software Data Sheet.
The MAX 7000 architecture includes the following elements:
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Logic array blocks
Macrocells
Expander product terms (shareable and parallel)
Programmable interconnect array
I/O control blocks
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
The MAX 7000 architecture includes four dedicated inputs that can
be used as general-purpose inputs or as high-speed, global control
signals (clock, clear, and two output enable signals) for each
macrocell and I/O pin. Figure 1 shows the architecture of EPM7032,
EPM7064, and EPM7096 devices.
Figure 1. EPM7032, EPM7064 & EPM7096 Device Block Diagram
INPUT/GLCK1
INPUT/GCLRn
INPUT/OE1
INPUT/OE2
LAB A
8 to 16
8 to 16
I/O pins
I/O
Control
Block
LAB B
36
36
Macrocells
1 to 16
LAB C
8 to 16
36
16
8 to 16
Altera Corporation
8 to 16
I/O pins
I/O
Control
Block
8 to 16
I/O pins
LAB D
PIA
Macrocells
33 to 48
I/O
Control
Block
8 to 16
8 to 16
I/O
Control
Block
8 to 16
16
16
8 to 16
I/O pins
Macrocells
17 to 32
36
Macrocells
49 to 64
8 to 16
16
8 to 16
7
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figure 2 shows the architecture of MAX 7000E and MAX 7000S devices.
Figure 2. MAX 7000E & MAX 7000S Device Block Diagram
INPUT/GCLK1
INPUT/OE2/GCLK2
INPUT/OE1
INPUT/GCLRn
6 Output Enables
6 Output Enables
6 to16
6 to 16 I/O Pins
I/O
Control
Block
LAB B
LAB A
6 to16
36
Macrocells
1 to 16
36
16
6 to16
6 to 16 I/O Pins
I/O
Control
Block
6
6 to16
6 to16
Macrocells
17 to 32
PIA
6 to16
6 to 16 I/O Pins
6
LAB D
LAB C
36
Macrocells
33 to 48
I/O
Control
Block
16
6 to16
6
6 to16
36
16
16
6 to16
6 to16
Macrocells
49 to 64
6 to16
6 to16
I/O
Control
Block
6 to 16 I/O Pins
6
Logic Array Blocks
The MAX 7000 device architecture is based on the linking of highperformance, flexible, logic array modules called logic array blocks
(LABs). LABs consist of 16-macrocell arrays, as shown in Figures 1 and 2.
Multiple LABs are linked together via the programmable interconnect
array (PIA), a global bus that is fed by all dedicated inputs, I/O pins, and
macrocells.
8
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Each LAB is fed by the following signals:
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■
■
36 signals from the PIA that are used for general logic inputs
Global controls that are used for secondary register functions
Direct input paths from I/O pins to the registers that are used
for fast setup times for MAX 7000E and MAX 7000S devices
Macrocells
The MAX 7000 macrocell can be individually configured for either
sequential or combinatorial logic operation. The macrocell consists
of three functional blocks: the logic array, the product-term select
matrix, and the programmable register. The macrocell of EPM7032,
EPM7064, and EPM7096 devices is shown in Figure 3.
Figure 3. EPM7032, EPM7064 & EPM7096 Device Macrocell
Global
Clear
Logic Array
Parallel Logic
Expanders
(from other
macrocells)
Global
Clocks
From
I/O pin
2
Fast Input
Select
Programmable
Register
Register
Bypass
PRN
D/T Q
Clock/
Enable
Select
ProductT m
Ter
Select
Matrix
To I/O
Control
Block
ENA
CLRN
VCC
Clear
Select
Shared Logic
Expanders
36 Signals
from PIA
to PIA
16 Expander
Product Ter
T ms
Altera Corporation
9
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figure 4 shows a MAX 7000E and MAX 7000S device macrocell.
Figure 4. MAX 7000E & MAX 7000S Device Macrocell
Global
Clear
Logic Array
Parallel Logic
Expanders
(from other
macrocells)
Global
Clocks
from
I/O pin
2
Fast Input
Select
Programmable
Register
Register
Bypass
PRN
D/T Q
Clock/
Enable
Select
ProductTerm
Select
Matrix
to I/O
Control
Block
ENA
CLRN
VCC
Clear
Select
Shared Logic
Expanders
36 Signals
from PIA
to PIA
16 Expander
Product Terms
Combinatorial logic is implemented in the logic array, which provides
five product terms per macrocell. The product-term select matrix allocates
these product terms for use as either primary logic inputs (to the OR and
XOR gates) to implement combinatorial functions, or as secondary inputs
to the macrocell’s register clear, preset, clock, and clock enable control
functions. Two kinds of expander product terms (“expanders”) are
available to supplement macrocell logic resources:
■
■
Shareable expanders, which are inverted product terms that are fed
back into the logic array
Parallel expanders, which are product terms borrowed from adjacent
macrocells
The Altera development system automatically optimizes product-term
allocation according to the logic requirements of the design.
For registered functions, each macrocell flipflop can be individually
programmed to implement D, T, JK, or SR operation with programmable
clock control. The flipflop can be bypassed for combinatorial operation.
During design entry, the designer specifies the desired flipflop type; the
Altera development software then selects the most efficient flipflop
operation for each registered function to optimize resource utilization.
10
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Each programmable register can be clocked in three different modes:
■
■
■
By a global clock signal. This mode achieves the fastest clock-tooutput performance.
By a global clock signal and enabled by an active-high clock
enable. This mode provides an enable on each flipflop while still
achieving the fast clock-to-output performance of the global
clock.
By an array clock implemented with a product term. In this
mode, the flipflop can be clocked by signals from buried
macrocells or I/O pins.
In EPM7032, EPM7064, and EPM7096 devices, the global clock signal
is available from a dedicated clock pin, GCLK1, as shown in Figure 1.
In MAX 7000E and MAX 7000S devices, two global clock signals are
available. As shown in Figure 2, these global clock signals can be the
true or the complement of either of the global clock pins, GCLK1 or
GCLK2.
Each register also supports asynchronous preset and clear functions.
As shown in Figures 3 and 4, the product-term select matrix allocates
product terms to control these operations. Although the
product-term-driven preset and clear of the register are active high,
active-low control can be obtained by inverting the signal within the
logic array. In addition, each register clear function can be
individually driven by the active-low dedicated global clear pin
(GCLRn). Upon power-up, each register in the device will be set to a
low state.
All MAX 7000E and MAX 7000S I/O pins have a fast input path to a
macrocell register. This dedicated path allows a signal to bypass the
PIA and combinatorial logic and be driven to an input D flipflop with
an extremely fast (2.5 ns) input setup time.
Expander Product Terms
Although most logic functions can be implemented with the five
product terms available in each macrocell, the more complex logic
functions require additional product terms. Another macrocell can
be used to supply the required logic resources; however, the
MAX 7000 architecture also allows both shareable and parallel
expander product terms (“expanders”) that provide additional
product terms directly to any macrocell in the same LAB. These
expanders help ensure that logic is synthesized with the fewest
possible logic resources to obtain the fastest possible speed.
Altera Corporation
11
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Shareable Expanders
Each LAB has 16 shareable expanders that can be viewed as a pool of
uncommitted single product terms (one from each macrocell) with
inverted outputs that feed back into the logic array. Each shareable
expander can be used and shared by any or all macrocells in the LAB to
build complex logic functions. A small delay (tSEXP) is incurred when
shareable expanders are used. Figure 5 shows how shareable expanders
can feed multiple macrocells.
Figure 5. Shareable Expanders
Shareable expanders can be shared by any or all macrocells in an LAB.
Macrocell
Product-Term
Logic
Product-Term Select Matrix
Macrocell
Product-Term
Logic
36 Signals
from PIA
16 Shared
Expanders
Parallel Expanders
Parallel expanders are unused product terms that can be allocated to a
neighboring macrocell to implement fast, complex logic functions.
Parallel expanders allow up to 20 product terms to directly feed the
macrocell OR logic, with five product terms provided by the macrocell and
15 parallel expanders provided by neighboring macrocells in the LAB.
12
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
The compiler can allocate up to three sets of up to five parallel expanders
automatically to the macrocells that require additional product terms.
Each set of five parallel expanders incurs a small, incremental timing
delay (tPEXP). For example, if a macrocell requires 14 product terms, the
Compiler uses the five dedicated product terms within the macrocell and
allocates two sets of parallel expanders; the first set includes five product
terms and the second set includes four product terms, increasing the total
delay by 2 × tPEXP.
Two groups of 8 macrocells within each LAB (e.g., macrocells
1 through 8 and 9 through 16) form two chains to lend or borrow parallel
expanders. A macrocell borrows parallel expanders from lowernumbered macrocells. For example, macrocell 8 can borrow parallel
expanders from macrocell 7, from macrocells 7 and 6, or from macrocells
7, 6, and 5. Within each group of 8, the lowest-numbered macrocell can
only lend parallel expanders and the highest-numbered macrocell can
only borrow them. Figure 6 shows how parallel expanders can be
borrowed from a neighboring macrocell.
Figure 6. Parallel Expanders
Unused product terms in a macrocell can be allocated to a neighboring macrocell.
From
Previous
Macrocell
Preset
ProductTerm
Select
Matrix
Macrocell
ProductTerm Logic
Clock
Clear
Preset
ProductTerm
Select
Matrix
Macrocell
ProductTerm Logic
Clock
Clear
36 Signals
from PIA
Altera Corporation
16 Shared
Expanders
To Next
Macrocell
13
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Programmable Interconnect Array
Logic is routed between LABs via the programmable interconnect array
(PIA). This global bus is a programmable path that connects any signal
source to any destination on the device. All MAX 7000 dedicated inputs,
I/O pins, and macrocell outputs feed the PIA, which makes the signals
available throughout the entire device. Only the signals required by each
LAB are actually routed from the PIA into the LAB. Figure 7 shows how
the PIA signals are routed into the LAB. An EEPROM cell controls one
input to a 2-input AND gate, which selects a PIA signal to drive into the
LAB.
Figure 7. PIA Routing
To LAB
PIA Signals
While the routing delays of channel-based routing schemes in masked or
FPGAs are cumulative, variable, and path-dependent, the MAX 7000 PIA
has a fixed delay. The PIA thus eliminates skew between signals and
makes timing performance easy to predict.
I/O Control Blocks
The I/O control block allows each I/O pin to be individually configured
for input, output, or bidirectional operation. All I/O pins have a tri-state
buffer that is individually controlled by one of the global output enable
signals or directly connected to ground or VCC. Figure 8 shows the I/O
control block for the MAX 7000 family. The I/O control block of EPM7032,
EPM7064, and EPM7096 devices has two global output enable signals that
are driven by two dedicated active-low output enable pins (OE1 and OE2).
The I/O control block of MAX 7000E and MAX 7000S devices has six
global output enable signals that are driven by the true or complement of
two output enable signals, a subset of the I/O pins, or a subset of the I/O
macrocells.
14
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figure 8. I/O Control Block of MAX 7000 Devices
EPM7032, EPM7064 & EPM7096 Devices
VCC
OE1
OE2
GND
From Macrocell
To PIA
MAX 7000E & MAX 7000S Devices
Six Global Output Enable Signals
PIA
VCC
To Other I/O Pins
From
Macrocell
Fast Input to
Macrocell
Register
GND
Open-Drain Output (1)
Slew-Rate Control
To PIA
Note:
(1)
Altera Corporation
The open-drain output option is available only in MAX 7000S devices.
15
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
When the tri-state buffer control is connected to ground, the output is
tri-stated (high impedance) and the I/O pin can be used as a dedicated
input. When the tri-state buffer control is connected to VCC, the output is
enabled.
The MAX 7000 architecture provides dual I/O feedback, in which
macrocell and pin feedbacks are independent. When an I/O pin is
configured as an input, the associated macrocell can be used for buried
logic.
In-System
Programmability (ISP)
MAX 7000S devices are in-system programmable via an
industry-standard 4-pin Joint Test Action Group (JTAG) interface (IEEE
Std. 1149.1-1990). ISP allows quick, efficient iterations during design
development and debugging cycles. The MAX 7000S architecture
internally generates the high programming voltage required to program
EEPROM cells, allowing in-system programming with only a single 5.0 V
power supply. During in-system programming, the I/O pins are tri-stated
and pulled-up to eliminate board conflicts. The pull-up value is nominally
50 k¾.
ISP simplifies the manufacturing flow by allowing devices to be mounted
on a printed circuit board with standard in-circuit test equipment before
they are programmed. MAX 7000S devices can be programmed by
downloading the information via in-circuit testers (ICT), embedded
processors, or the Altera MasterBlaster, ByteBlasterMV, ByteBlaster,
BitBlaster download cables. (The ByteBlaster cable is obsolete and is
replaced by the ByteBlasterMV cable, which can program and configure
2.5-V, 3.3-V, and 5.0-V devices.) Programming the devices after they are
placed on the board eliminates lead damage on high-pin-count packages
(e.g., QFP packages) due to device handling and allows devices to be
reprogrammed after a system has already shipped to the field. For
example, product upgrades can be performed in the field via software or
modem.
In-system programming can be accomplished with either an adaptive or
constant algorithm. An adaptive algorithm reads information from the
unit and adapts subsequent programming steps to achieve the fastest
possible programming time for that unit. Because some in-circuit testers
cannot support an adaptive algorithm, Altera offers devices tested with a
constant algorithm. Devices tested to the constant algorithm have an “F”
suffix in the ordering code.
The JamTM Standard Test and Programming Language (STAPL) can be
used to program MAX 7000S devices with in-circuit testers, PCs, or
embedded processor.
16
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
f
For more information on using the Jam language, refer to AN 122: Using
Jam STAPL for ISP & ICR via an Embedded Processor.
The ISP circuitry in MAX 7000S devices is compatible with IEEE Std. 1532
specification. The IEEE Std. 1532 is a standard developed to allow
concurrent ISP between multiple PLD vendors.
Programming Sequence
During in-system programming, instructions, addresses, and data are
shifted into the MAX 7000S device through the TDI input pin. Data is
shifted out through the TDO output pin and compared against the
expected data.
Programming a pattern into the device requires the following six ISP
stages. A stand-alone verification of a programmed pattern involves only
stages 1, 2, 5, and 6.
Altera Corporation
1.
Enter ISP. The enter ISP stage ensures that the I/O pins transition
smoothly from user mode to ISP mode. The enter ISP stage requires
1 ms.
2.
Check ID. Before any program or verify process, the silicon ID is
checked. The time required to read this silicon ID is relatively small
compared to the overall programming time.
3.
Bulk Erase. Erasing the device in-system involves shifting in the
instructions to erase the device and applying one erase pulse of
100 ms.
4.
Program. Programming the device in-system involves shifting in the
address and data and then applying the programming pulse to
program the EEPROM cells. This process is repeated for each
EEPROM address.
5.
Verify. Verifying an Altera device in-system involves shifting in
addresses, applying the read pulse to verify the EEPROM cells, and
shifting out the data for comparison. This process is repeated for
each EEPROM address.
6.
Exit ISP. An exit ISP stage ensures that the I/O pins transition
smoothly from ISP mode to user mode. The exit ISP stage requires
1 ms.
17
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Programming Times
The time required to implement each of the six programming stages can
be broken into the following two elements:
■
■
A pulse time to erase, program, or read the EEPROM cells.
A shifting time based on the test clock (TCK) frequency and the
number of TCK cycles to shift instructions, address, and data into the
device.
By combining the pulse and shift times for each of the programming
stages, the program or verify time can be derived as a function of the TCK
frequency, the number of devices, and specific target device(s). Because
different ISP-capable devices have a different number of EEPROM cells,
both the total fixed and total variable times are unique for a single device.
Programming a Single MAX 7000S Device
The time required to program a single MAX 7000S device in-system can
be calculated from the following formula:
Cycle PTCK
t PROG = t PPULSE + -------------------------------f TCK
where: tPROG
tPPULSE
= Programming time
= Sum of the fixed times to erase, program, and
verify the EEPROM cells
CyclePTCK = Number of TCK cycles to program a device
fTCK
= TCK frequency
The ISP times for a stand-alone verification of a single MAX 7000S device
can be calculated from the following formula:
Cycle VTCK
t VER = t VPULSE + -------------------------------f TCK
= Verify time
where: tVER
tVPULSE
= Sum of the fixed times to verify the EEPROM cells
CycleVTCK = Number of TCK cycles to verify a device
18
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
The programming times described in Tables 6 through 8 are associated
with the worst-case method using the enhanced ISP algorithm.
Table 6. MAX 7000S tPULSE & CycleTCK Values
Device
Programming
tPPULSE (s)
Stand-Alone Verification
tVPULSE (s)
CycleVTCK
EPM7032S
4.02
CyclePTCK
342,000
0.03
200,000
EPM7064S
4.50
504,000
0.03
308,000
EPM7128S
5.11
832,000
0.03
528,000
EPM7160S
5.35
1,001,000
0.03
640,000
EPM7192S
5.71
1,192,000
0.03
764,000
EPM7256S
6.43
1,603,000
0.03
1,024,000
Tables 7 and 8 show the in-system programming and stand alone
verification times for several common test clock frequencies.
Table 7. MAX 7000S In-System Programming Times for Different Test Clock Frequencies
Device
Units
fTCK
10 MHz
5 MHz
2 MHz
1 MHz
500 kHz
200 kHz
100 kHz
50 kHz
EPM7032S
4.06
4.09
4.19
4.36
4.71
5.73
7.44
10.86
s
EPM7064S
4.55
4.60
4.76
5.01
5.51
7.02
9.54
14.58
s
EPM7128S
5.19
5.27
5.52
5.94
6.77
9.27
13.43
21.75
s
EPM7160S
5.45
5.55
5.85
6.35
7.35
10.35
15.36
25.37
s
EPM7192S
5.83
5.95
6.30
6.90
8.09
11.67
17.63
29.55
s
EPM7256S
6.59
6.75
7.23
8.03
9.64
14.45
22.46
38.49
s
Table 8. MAX 7000S Stand-Alone Verification Times for Different Test Clock Frequencies
Device
Units
fTCK
10 MHz
5 MHz
2 MHz
1 MHz
500 kHz
200 kHz
100 kHz
50 kHz
EPM7032S
0.05
0.07
0.13
0.23
0.43
1.03
2.03
4.03
EPM7064S
0.06
0.09
0.18
0.34
0.64
1.57
3.11
6.19
s
EPM7128S
0.08
0.14
0.29
0.56
1.09
2.67
5.31
10.59
s
EPM7160S
0.09
0.16
0.35
0.67
1.31
3.23
6.43
12.83
s
EPM7192S
0.11
0.18
0.41
0.79
1.56
3.85
7.67
15.31
s
EPM7256S
0.13
0.24
0.54
1.06
2.08
5.15
10.27
20.51
s
Altera Corporation
s
19
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Programmable
Speed/Power
Control
MAX 7000 devices offer a power-saving mode that supports low-power
operation across user-defined signal paths or the entire device. This
feature allows total power dissipation to be reduced by 50% or more,
because most logic applications require only a small fraction of all gates to
operate at maximum frequency.
The designer can program each individual macrocell in a MAX 7000
device for either high-speed (i.e., with the Turbo BitTM option turned on)
or low-power (i.e., with the Turbo Bit option turned off) operation. As a
result, speed-critical paths in the design can run at high speed, while the
remaining paths can operate at reduced power. Macrocells that run at low
power incur a nominal timing delay adder (tLPA) for the tLAD, tLAC, tIC,
tEN, and tSEXP, tACL, and tCPPW parameters.
Output
Configuration
MAX 7000 device outputs can be programmed to meet a variety of
system-level requirements.
MultiVolt I/O Interface
MAX 7000 devices—except 44-pin devices—support the MultiVolt I/O
interface feature, which allows MAX 7000 devices to interface with
systems that have differing supply voltages. The 5.0-V devices in all
packages can be set for 3.3-V or 5.0-V I/O pin operation. These devices
have one set of VCC pins for internal operation and input buffers
(VCCINT), and another set for I/O output drivers (VCCIO).
The VCCINT pins must always be connected to a 5.0-V power supply.
With a 5.0-V VCCINT level, input voltage thresholds are at TTL levels, and
are therefore compatible with both 3.3-V and 5.0-V inputs.
The VCCIO pins can be connected to either a 3.3-V or a 5.0-V power
supply, depending on the output requirements. When the VCCIO pins are
connected to a 5.0-V supply, the output levels are compatible with 5.0-V
systems. When VCCIO is connected to a 3.3-V supply, the output high is
3.3 V and is therefore compatible with 3.3-V or 5.0-V systems. Devices
operating with VCCIO levels lower than 4.75 V incur a nominally greater
timing delay of tOD2 instead of tOD1.
Open-Drain Output Option (MAX 7000S Devices Only)
MAX 7000S devices provide an optional open-drain (functionally
equivalent to open-collector) output for each I/O pin. This open-drain
output enables the device to provide system-level control signals (e.g.,
interrupt and write enable signals) that can be asserted by any of several
devices. It can also provide an additional wired-OR plane.
20
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
By using an external 5.0-V pull-up resistor, output pins on MAX
7000S devices can be set to meet 5.0-V CMOS input voltages. When
VCCIO is 3.3 V, setting the open drain option will turn off the output
pull-up transistor, allowing the external pull-up resistor to pull the
output high enough to meet 5.0-V CMOS input voltages. When
VCCIO is 5.0 V, setting the output drain option is not necessary
because the pull-up transistor will already turn off when the pin
exceeds approximately 3.8 V, allowing the external pull-up resistor to
pull the output high enough to meet 5.0-V CMOS input voltages.
Slew-Rate Control
The output buffer for each MAX 7000E and MAX 7000S I/O pin has
an adjustable output slew rate that can be configured for low-noise
or high-speed performance. A faster slew rate provides high-speed
transitions for high-performance systems. However, these fast
transitions may introduce noise transients into the system. A slow
slew rate reduces system noise, but adds a nominal delay of 4 to 5 ns.
In MAX 7000E devices, when the Turbo Bit is turned off, the slew
rate is set for low noise performance. For MAX 7000S devices, each
I/O pin has an individual EEPROM bit that controls the slew rate,
allowing designers to specify the slew rate on a pin-by-pin basis.
Programming with
External Hardware
f
MAX 7000 devices can be programmed on Windows-based PCs with
the Altera Logic Programmer card, the Master Programming Unit
(MPU), and the appropriate device adapter. The MPU performs a
continuity check to ensure adequate electrical contact between the
adapter and the device.
For more information, see the Altera Programming Hardware Data
Sheet.
The Altera development system can use text- or waveform-format
test vectors created with the Text Editor or Waveform Editor to test
the programmed device. For added design verification, designers
can perform functional testing to compare the functional behavior of
a MAX 7000 device with the results of simulation. Moreover, Data
I/O, BP Microsystems, and other programming hardware
manufacturers also provide programming support for Altera
devices.
f
Altera Corporation
For more information, see the Programming Hardware Manufacturers.
21
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
IEEE Std.
1149.1 (JTAG)
Boundary-Scan
Support
MAX 7000 devices support JTAG BST circuitry as specified by IEEE Std.
1149.1-1990. Table 9 describes the JTAG instructions supported by the
MAX 7000 family. The pin-out tables (see the Altera web site
(http://www.altera.com) or the Altera Digital Library for pin-out
information) show the location of the JTAG control pins for each device.
If the JTAG interface is not required, the JTAG pins are available as user
I/O pins.
Table 9. MAX 7000 JTAG Instructions
JTAG Instruction
Devices
SAMPLE/PRELOAD
EPM7128S
EPM7160S
EPM7192S
EPM7256S
Allows a snapshot of signals at the device pins to be captured and
examined during normal device operation, and permits an initial data
pattern output at the device pins.
EXTEST
EPM7128S
EPM7160S
EPM7192S
EPM7256S
Allows the external circuitry and board-level interconnections to be
tested by forcing a test pattern at the output pins and capturing test
results at the input pins.
BYPASS
EPM7032S
EPM7064S
EPM7128S
EPM7160S
EPM7192S
EPM7256S
Places the 1-bit bypass register between the TDI and TDO pins, which
allows the BST data to pass synchronously through a selected device
to adjacent devices during normal device operation.
IDCODE
EPM7032S
EPM7064S
EPM7128S
EPM7160S
EPM7192S
EPM7256S
Selects the IDCODE register and places it between TDI and TDO,
allowing the IDCODE to be serially shifted out of TDO.
ISP Instructions
EPM7032S
EPM7064S
EPM7128S
EPM7160S
EPM7192S
EPM7256S
These instructions are used when programming MAX 7000S devices
via the JTAG ports with the MasterBlaster, ByteBlasterMV, BitBlaster
download cable, or using a Jam File (.jam), Jam Byte-Code file (.jbc),
or Serial Vector Format file (.svf) via an embedded processor or test
equipment.
22
Description
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
The instruction register length of MAX 7000S devices is 10 bits. Tables 10
and 11 show the boundary-scan register length and device IDCODE
information for MAX 7000S devices.
Table 10. MAX 7000S Boundary-Scan Register Length
Device
Boundary-Scan Register Length
1 (1)
EPM7032S
1 (1)
EPM7064S
EPM7128S
288
EPM7160S
312
EPM7192S
360
EPM7256S
480
Note:
(1)
This device does not support JTAG boundary-scan testing. Selecting either the
EXTEST or SAMPLE/PRELOAD instruction will select the one-bit bypass register.
Table 11. 32-Bit MAX 7000 Device IDCODE
Device
Note (1)
IDCODE (32 Bits)
Version
(4 Bits)
Part Number (16 Bits)
Manufacturer’s 1 (1 Bit)
Identity (11 Bits)
(2)
EPM7032S
0000
0111 0000 0011 0010
00001101110
1
EPM7064S
0000
0111 0000 0110 0100
00001101110
1
EPM7128S
0000
0111 0001 0010 1000
00001101110
1
EPM7160S
0000
0111 0001 0110 0000
00001101110
1
EPM7192S
0000
0111 0001 1001 0010
00001101110
1
EPM7256S
0000
0111 0010 0101 0110
00001101110
1
Notes:
(1)
(2)
Altera Corporation
The most significant bit (MSB) is on the left.
The least significant bit (LSB) for all JTAG IDCODEs is 1.
23
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figure 9 shows the timing requirements for the JTAG signals.
Figure 9. MAX 7000 JTAG Waveforms
TMS
TDI
t JCP
t JCH
t JCL
t JPSU
t JPH
TCK
tJPZX
t JPXZ
t JPCO
TDO
tJSH
tJSSU
Signal
to Be
Captured
Signal
to Be
Driven
tJSCO
tJSZX
tJSXZ
Table 12 shows the JTAG timing parameters and values for MAX 7000S
devices.
Table 12. JTAG Timing Parameters & Values for MAX 7000S Devices
Symbol
f
24
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
tJCP
TCK clock period
100
ns
tJCH
TCK clock high time
50
ns
tJCL
TCK clock low time
50
ns
tJPSU
JTAG port setup time
20
ns
tJPH
JTAG port hold time
45
tJPCO
JTAG port clock to output
25
ns
tJPZX
JTAG port high impedance to valid output
25
ns
tJPXZ
JTAG port valid output to high impedance
25
ns
tJSSU
Capture register setup time
20
ns
tJSH
Capture register hold time
45
ns
tJSCO
Update register clock to output
25
ns
tJSZX
Update register high impedance to valid output
25
ns
tJSXZ
Update register valid output to high impedance
25
ns
ns
For more information, see Application Note 39 (IEEE 1149.1 (JTAG)
Boundary-Scan Testing in Altera Devices).
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Design Security
All MAX 7000 devices contain a programmable security bit that controls
access to the data programmed into the device. When this bit is
programmed, a proprietary design implemented in the device cannot be
copied or retrieved. This feature provides a high level of design security
because programmed data within EEPROM cells is invisible. The security
bit that controls this function, as well as all other programmed data, is
reset only when the device is reprogrammed.
Generic Testing
Each MAX 7000 device is functionally tested. Complete testing of each
programmable EEPROM bit and all internal logic elements ensures 100%
programming yield. AC test measurements are taken under conditions
equivalent to those shown in Figure 10. Test patterns can be used and then
erased during early stages of the production flow.
Figure 10. MAX 7000 AC Test Conditions
Power supply transients can affect AC
measurements. Simultaneous
transitions of multiple outputs should be
avoided for accurate measurement.
Threshold tests must not be performed
under AC conditions. Large-amplitude,
fast ground-current transients normally
occur as the device outputs discharge
the load capacitances. When these
transients flow through the parasitic
inductance between the device ground
pin and the test system ground,
significant reductions in observable
noise immunity can result. Numbers in
brackets are for 2.5-V devices and
outputs. Numbers without brackets are
for 3.3-V devices and outputs.
QFP Carrier &
Development
Socket
f
464 Ω
[703 Ω]
Device
Output
250 Ω
[8.06 KΩ ]
To Test
System
C1 (includes JIG
capacitance)
Device input
rise and fall
times < 3 ns
MAX 7000 and MAX 7000E devices in QFP packages with 100 or more
pins are shipped in special plastic carriers to protect the QFP leads. The
carrier is used with a prototype development socket and special
programming hardware available from Altera. This carrier technology
makes it possible to program, test, erase, and reprogram a device without
exposing the leads to mechanical stress.
For detailed information and carrier dimensions, refer to the QFP Carrier
& Development Socket Data Sheet.
1
Altera Corporation
VCC
MAX 7000S devices are not shipped in carriers.
25
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Operating
Conditions
Tables 13 through 18 provide information about absolute maximum
ratings, recommended operating conditions, operating conditions, and
capacitance for 5.0-V MAX 7000 devices.
Table 13. MAX 7000 5.0-V Device Absolute Maximum Ratings
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
With respect to ground (2)
Min
Max
Unit
–2.0
7.0
V
VCC
Supply voltage
VI
DC input voltage
–2.0
7.0
V
IOUT
DC output current, per pin
–25
25
mA
TSTG
Storage temperature
No bias
–65
150
°C
TAMB
Ambient temperature
Under bias
–65
135
°C
TJ
Junction temperature
Ceramic packages, under bias
150
°C
PQFP and RQFP packages, under bias
135
°C
Table 14. MAX 7000 5.0-V Device Recommended Operating Conditions
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
VCCINT
Supply voltage for internal logic and (3), (4), (5)
input buffers
4.75
(4.50)
5.25
(5.50)
V
VCCIO
Supply voltage for output drivers,
5.0-V operation
(3), (4)
4.75
(4.50)
5.25
(5.50)
V
Supply voltage for output drivers,
3.3-V operation
(3), (4), (6)
3.00
(3.00)
3.60
(3.60)
V
VCCISP
Supply voltage during ISP
(7)
VI
Input voltage
VO
Output voltage
TA
Ambient temperature
For commercial use
TJ
Junction temperature
For commercial use
For industrial use
For industrial use
4.75
5.25
V
–0.5 (8)
VCCINT + 0.5
V
0
VCCIO
V
0
70
°C
–40
85
°C
0
90
°C
–40
105
°C
tR
Input rise time
40
ns
tF
Input fall time
40
ns
26
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 15. MAX 7000 5.0-V Device DC Operating Conditions
Symbol
Parameter
Note (9)
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
VIH
High-level input voltage
2.0
VCCINT + 0.5
V
VIL
Low-level input voltage
–0.5 (8)
0.8
V
VOH
5.0-V high-level TTL output voltage
IOH = –4 mA DC, VCCIO = 4.75 V (10)
2.4
3.3-V high-level TTL output voltage
IOH = –4 mA DC, VCCIO = 3.00 V (10)
2.4
V
3.3-V high-level CMOS output
voltage
IOH = –0.1 mA DC, VCCIO = 3.0 V (10)
VCCIO – 0.2
V
5.0-V low-level TTL output voltage
IOL = 12 mA DC, VCCIO = 4.75 V (11)
0.45
V
3.3-V low-level TTL output voltage
IOL = 12 mA DC, VCCIO = 3.00 V (11)
0.45
V
3.3-V low-level CMOS output
voltage
IOL = 0.1 mA DC, VCCIO = 3.0 V(11)
0.2
V
II
Leakage current of dedicated input
pins
VI = –0.5 to 5.5 V (11)
–10
10
μA
IOZ
I/O pin tri-state output off-state
current
VI = –0.5 to 5.5 V (11), (12)
–40
40
μA
VOL
Table 16. MAX 7000 5.0-V Device Capacitance: EPM7032, EPM7064 & EPM7096 Devices
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
V
Note (13)
Max
Unit
CIN
Input pin capacitance
VIN = 0 V, f = 1.0 MHz
12
pF
CI/O
I/O pin capacitance
VOUT = 0 V, f = 1.0 MHz
12
pF
Max
Unit
Table 17. MAX 7000 5.0-V Device Capacitance: MAX 7000E Devices
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Note (13)
Min
CIN
Input pin capacitance
VIN = 0 V, f = 1.0 MHz
15
pF
CI/O
I/O pin capacitance
VOUT = 0 V, f = 1.0 MHz
15
pF
Table 18. MAX 7000 5.0-V Device Capacitance: MAX 7000S Devices
Symbol
Parameter
Max
Unit
CIN
Dedicated input pin capacitance
VIN = 0 V, f = 1.0 MHz
10
pF
CI/O
I/O pin capacitance
VOUT = 0 V, f = 1.0 MHz
10
pF
Altera Corporation
Conditions
Note (13)
Min
27
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Notes to tables:
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)
(10)
(11)
(12)
(13)
See the Operating Requirements for Altera Devices Data Sheet.
Minimum DC input voltage on I/O pins is –0.5 V and on 4 dedicated input pins is –0.3 V. During transitions, the
inputs may undershoot to –2.0 V or overshoot to 7.0 V for input currents less than 100 mA and periods shorter than
20 ns.
Numbers in parentheses are for industrial-temperature-range devices.
VCC must rise monotonically.
The POR time for all 7000S devices does not exceed 300 μs. The sufficient VCCINT voltage level for POR is 4.5 V. The
device is fully initialized within the POR time after VCCINT reaches the sufficient POR voltage level.
3.3-V I/O operation is not available for 44-pin packages.
The VCCISP parameter applies only to MAX 7000S devices.
During in-system programming, the minimum DC input voltage is –0.3 V.
These values are specified under the MAX 7000 recommended operating conditions in Table 14 on page 26.
The parameter is measured with 50% of the outputs each sourcing the specified current. The IOH parameter refers
to high-level TTL or CMOS output current.
The parameter is measured with 50% of the outputs each sinking the specified current. The IOL parameter refers to
low-level TTL, PCI, or CMOS output current.
When the JTAG interface is enabled in MAX 7000S devices, the input leakage current on the JTAG pins is typically
–60 μA.
Capacitance is measured at 25° C and is sample-tested only. The OE1 pin has a maximum capacitance of 20 pF.
Figure 11 shows the typical output drive characteristics of MAX 7000
devices.
Figure 11. Output Drive Characteristics of 5.0-V MAX 7000 Devices
150
150
IOL
120
Typical I O
Output
Current (mA)
IOL
120
90
VCCIO = 5.0 V
Room Temperature
60
Typical I O
Output
Current (mA)
90
VCCIO = 3.3 V
Room Temperature
60
IOH
IOH
30
30
1
2
3
4
VO Output Voltage (V)
Timing Model
28
5
1
2
3 3.3
4
5
VO Output Voltage (V)
MAX 7000 device timing can be analyzed with the Altera software, with a
variety of popular industry-standard EDA simulators and timing
analyzers, or with the timing model shown in Figure 12. MAX 7000
devices have fixed internal delays that enable the designer to determine
the worst-case timing of any design. The Altera software provides timing
simulation, point-to-point delay prediction, and detailed timing analysis
for a device-wide performance evaluation.
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figure 12. MAX 7000 Timing Model
Internal Output
Enable Delay
t IOE (1)
Global Control
Delay
t GLOB
Input
Delay
t IN
PIA
Delay
t PIA
Logic Array
Delay
t LAD
Parallel
Expander Delay
t PEXP
Register
Control Delay
t LAC
tIC
t EN
Shared
Expander Delay
t SEXP
Fast
Input Delay
t F I N (1)
Register
Delay
t SU
tH
t PRE
t CLR
t RD
t COMB
t FSU
t FH
Output
Delay
t OD1
t OD2 (2)
t OD3
t XZ
t Z X1
t Z X2 (2)
t Z X3 (1)
I/O
Delay
tIO
Notes:
(1)
(2)
Only available in MAX 7000E and MAX 7000S devices.
Not available in 44-pin devices.
The timing characteristics of any signal path can be derived from the
timing model and parameters of a particular device. External timing
parameters, which represent pin-to-pin timing delays, can be calculated
as the sum of internal parameters. Figure 13 shows the internal timing
relationship of internal and external delay parameters.
f
Altera Corporation
For more infomration, see Application Note 94 (Understanding MAX 7000
Timing).
29
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figure 13. Switching Waveforms
tR & tF < 3 ns.
Inputs are driven at 3 V
for a logic high and 0 V
for a logic low. All timing
characteristics are
measured at 1.5 V.
Combinatorial Mode
tIN
Input Pin
tIO
I/O Pin
tPIA
PIA Delay
tSEXP
Shared Expander
Delay
tLAC , tLAD
Logic Array
Input
tPEXP
Parallel Expander
Delay
tCOMB
Logic Array
Output
tOD
Output Pin
Global Clock Mode
Global
Clock Pin
tR
tCH
tIN
Global Clock
at Register
tSU
tCL
tF
tACL
tF
tGLOB
tH
Data or Enable
(Logic Array Output)
Array Clock Mode
tR
tACH
Input or I/O Pin
tIN
tIO
Clock into PIA
Clock into
Logic Array
Clock at
Register
tPIA
tIC
tSU
tH
Data from
Logic Array
tRD
tPIA
tPIA
tCLR , tPRE
Register to PIA
to Logic Array
tOD
tOD
Register Output
to Pin
30
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Tables 19 through 26 show the MAX 7000 and MAX 7000E AC
operating conditions.
Table 19. MAX 7000 & MAX 7000E External Timing Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Note (1)
-6 Speed Grade
Min
Max
-7 Speed Grade
Min
Unit
Max
tPD1
Input to non-registered output
C1 = 35 pF
6.0
7.5
ns
tPD2
I/O input to non-registered output
C1 = 35 pF
6.0
7.5
ns
tSU
Global clock setup time
5.0
6.0
ns
tH
Global clock hold time
0.0
0.0
ns
ns
tFSU
Global clock setup time of fast input
(2)
2.5
3.0
tFH
Global clock hold time of fast input
(2)
0.5
0.5
tCO1
Global clock to output delay
C1 = 35 pF
tCH
Global clock high time
tCL
Global clock low time
tASU
Array clock setup time
tAH
Array clock hold time
2.0
tACO1
Array clock to output delay
tACH
Array clock high time
3.0
3.0
tACL
Array clock low time
3.0
3.0
ns
tCPPW
Minimum pulse width for clear and
preset
(3)
3.0
3.0
ns
tODH
Output data hold time after clock
C1 = 35 pF (4)
1.0
tCNT
Minimum global clock period
fCNT
Maximum internal global clock
frequency
tACNT
Minimum array clock period
fACNT
fMAX
4.0
2.5
ns
4.5
ns
3.0
ns
2.5
3.0
ns
2.5
3.0
ns
2.0
ns
C1 = 35 pF
6.5
7.5
ns
1.0
6.6
ns
ns
8.0
151.5
Maximum internal array clock
frequency
(5)
151.5
125.0
MHz
Maximum clock frequency
(6)
200
166.7
MHz
Altera Corporation
125.0
ns
(5)
6.6
MHz
8.0
ns
31
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 20. MAX 7000 & MAX 7000E Internal Timing Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Note (1)
Speed Grade -6
Min
Max
Speed Grade -7
Min
Unit
Max
tIN
Input pad and buffer delay
0.4
0.5
tIO
I/O input pad and buffer delay
0.4
0.5
ns
tFIN
Fast input delay
0.8
1.0
ns
tSEXP
Shared expander delay
3.5
4.0
ns
tPEXP
Parallel expander delay
0.8
0.8
ns
tLAD
Logic array delay
2.0
3.0
ns
tLAC
Logic control array delay
2.0
3.0
ns
tIOE
Internal output enable delay
(2)
2.0
ns
tOD1
Output buffer and pad delay
Slow slew rate = off, VCCIO = 5.0 V
C1 = 35 pF
2.0
2.0
ns
tOD2
Output buffer and pad delay
Slow slew rate = off, VCCIO = 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF (7)
2.5
2.5
ns
tOD3
Output buffer and pad delay
Slow slew rate = on,
VCCIO = 5.0 V or 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF (2)
7.0
7.0
ns
tZX1
Output buffer enable delay
Slow slew rate = off, VCCIO = 5.0 V
C1 = 35 pF
4.0
4.0
ns
tZX2
Output buffer enable delay
Slow slew rate = off, VCCIO = 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF (7)
4.5
4.5
ns
tZX3
Output buffer enable delay
Slow slew rate = on
VCCIO = 5.0 V or 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF (2)
9.0
9.0
ns
C1 = 5 pF
(2)
tXZ
Output buffer disable delay
tSU
Register setup time
tH
Register hold time
tFSU
Register setup time of fast input
(2)
tFH
Register hold time of fast input
(2)
0.5
0.5
tRD
Register delay
tCOMB
Combinatorial delay
0.8
1.0
ns
tIC
Array clock delay
2.5
3.0
ns
tEN
Register enable time
2.0
3.0
ns
tGLOB
Global control delay
0.8
1.0
ns
tPRE
Register preset time
2.0
2.0
ns
tCLR
Register clear time
2.0
2.0
ns
tPIA
PIA delay
0.8
1.0
ns
tLPA
Low-power adder
10.0
10.0
ns
32
4.0
ns
3.0
3.0
ns
1.5
2.0
ns
2.5
3.0
ns
0.8
(8)
4.0
ns
ns
1.0
ns
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 21. MAX 7000 & MAX 7000E External Timing Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
Unit
MAX 7000E (-10P) MAX 7000 (-10)
MAX 7000E (-10)
Min
Max
Min
Max
tPD1
Input to non-registered output
C1 = 35 pF
10.0
10.0
tPD2
I/O input to non-registered output
C1 = 35 pF
10.0
10.0
tSU
Global clock setup time
tH
Global clock hold time
0.0
0.0
ns
tFSU
Global clock setup time of fast input (2)
3.0
3.0
ns
tFH
Global clock hold time of fast input (2)
0.5
tCO1
Global clock to output delay
tCH
Global clock high time
4.0
4.0
ns
tCL
Global clock low time
4.0
4.0
ns
tASU
Array clock setup time
2.0
3.0
ns
tAH
Array clock hold time
3.0
3.0
ns
tACO1
Array clock to output delay
tACH
Array clock high time
tACL
Array clock low time
tCPPW
Minimum pulse width for clear and
preset
(3)
tODH
Output data hold time after clock
C1 = 35 pF (4)
1.0
tCNT
Minimum global clock period
fCNT
Maximum internal global clock
frequency
tACNT
Minimum array clock period
fACNT
fMAX
7.0
C1 = 35 pF
8.0
C1 = 35 pF
ns
5
10.0
4.0
ns
ns
0.5
5.0
ns
10.0
ns
ns
4.0
ns
4.0
4.0
ns
4.0
4.0
ns
1.0
10.0
ns
10.0
(5)
100.0
Maximum internal array clock
frequency
(5)
100.0
100.0
MHz
Maximum clock frequency
(6)
125.0
125.0
MHz
Altera Corporation
100.0
ns
10.0
MHz
10.0
ns
33
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 22. MAX 7000 & MAX 7000E Internal Timing Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
MAX 7000E (-10P)
Min
Max
Unit
MAX 7000 (-10)
MAX 7000E (-10)
Min
Max
tIN
Input pad and buffer delay
0.5
1.0
ns
tIO
I/O input pad and buffer delay
0.5
1.0
ns
tFIN
Fast input delay
1.0
1.0
ns
tSEXP
Shared expander delay
5.0
5.0
ns
tPEXP
Parallel expander delay
0.8
0.8
ns
tLAD
Logic array delay
5.0
5.0
ns
tLAC
Logic control array delay
5.0
5.0
ns
tIOE
Internal output enable delay
(2)
2.0
2.0
ns
tOD1
Output buffer and pad delay
Slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 5.0 V
C1 = 35 pF
1.5
2.0
ns
tOD2
Output buffer and pad delay
Slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF (7)
2.0
2.5
ns
tOD3
Output buffer and pad delay
Slow slew rate = on
VCCIO = 5.0 V or 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF (2)
5.5
6.0
ns
tZX1
Output buffer enable delay
Slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 5.0 V
C1 = 35 pF
5.0
5.0
ns
tZX2
Output buffer enable delay
Slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF (7)
5.5
5.5
ns
tZX3
Output buffer enable delay
Slow slew rate = on
VCCIO = 5.0 V or 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF (2)
9.0
9.0
ns
C1 = 5 pF
5.0
ns
(2)
tXZ
Output buffer disable delay
tSU
Register setup time
2.0
3.0
ns
tH
Register hold time
3.0
3.0
ns
tFSU
Register setup time of fast input
(2)
3.0
3.0
ns
tFH
Register hold time of fast input
(2)
0.5
0.5
tRD
Register delay
2.0
1.0
tCOMB
Combinatorial delay
2.0
1.0
ns
tIC
Array clock delay
5.0
5.0
ns
tEN
Register enable time
5.0
5.0
ns
tGLOB
Global control delay
1.0
1.0
ns
tPRE
Register preset time
3.0
3.0
ns
tCLR
Register clear time
3.0
3.0
ns
tPIA
PIA delay
1.0
1.0
ns
tLPA
Low-power adder
11.0
11.0
ns
34
(8)
5.0
ns
ns
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 23. MAX 7000 & MAX 7000E External Timing Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
MAX 7000E (-12P)
Min
Max
Unit
MAX 7000 (-12)
MAX 7000E (-12)
Min
Max
tPD1
Input to non-registered output
C1 = 35 pF
12.0
12.0
tPD2
I/O input to non-registered output
C1 = 35 pF
12.0
12.0
tSU
Global clock setup time
tH
Global clock hold time
0.0
0.0
ns
tFSU
Global clock setup time of fast input (2)
3.0
3.0
ns
tFH
Global clock hold time of fast input (2)
0.0
tCO1
Global clock to output delay
tCH
Global clock high time
4.0
4.0
ns
tCL
Global clock low time
4.0
4.0
ns
tASU
Array clock setup time
3.0
4.0
ns
tAH
Array clock hold time
4.0
4.0
ns
tACO1
Array clock to output delay
tACH
Array clock high time
tACL
Array clock low time
5.0
5.0
ns
tCPPW
Minimum pulse width for clear and
preset
(3)
5.0
5.0
ns
tODH
Output data hold time after clock
C1 = 35 pF (4)
1.0
tCNT
Minimum global clock period
fCNT
Maximum internal global clock
frequency
tACNT
Minimum array clock period
fACNT
fMAX
7.0
C1 = 35 pF
10.0
C1 = 35 pF
ns
6.0
12.0
5.0
12.0
5.0
ns
ns
ns
1.0
11.0
ns
ns
0.0
6.0
ns
ns
11.0
(5)
90.9
Maximum internal array clock
frequency
(5)
90.9
90.9
MHz
Maximum clock frequency
(6)
125.0
125.0
MHz
Altera Corporation
90.9
ns
11.0
MHz
11.0
ns
35
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 24. MAX 7000 & MAX 7000E Internal Timing Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
MAX 7000E (-12P)
Min
Max
Unit
MAX 7000 (-12)
MAX 7000E (-12)
Min
Max
tIN
Input pad and buffer delay
1.0
2.0
tIO
I/O input pad and buffer delay
1.0
2.0
ns
tFIN
Fast input delay
1.0
1.0
ns
tSEXP
Shared expander delay
7.0
7.0
ns
tPEXP
Parallel expander delay
1.0
1.0
ns
tLAD
Logic array delay
7.0
5.0
ns
tLAC
Logic control array delay
5.0
5.0
ns
tIOE
Internal output enable delay
(2)
2.0
2.0
ns
tOD1
Output buffer and pad delay
Slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 5.0 V
C1 = 35 pF
1.0
3.0
ns
tOD2
Output buffer and pad delay
Slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF (7)
2.0
4.0
ns
tOD3
Output buffer and pad delay
Slow slew rate = on
VCCIO = 5.0 V or 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF (2)
5.0
7.0
ns
tZX1
Output buffer enable delay
Slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 5.0 V
C1 = 35 pF
6.0
6.0
ns
tZX2
Output buffer enable delay
Slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF (7)
7.0
7.0
ns
tZX3
Output buffer enable delay
Slow slew rate = on
VCCIO = 5.0 V or 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF (2)
10.0
10.0
ns
C1 = 5 pF
(2)
ns
tXZ
Output buffer disable delay
tSU
Register setup time
tH
Register hold time
tFSU
Register setup time of fast input
(2)
tFH
Register hold time of fast input
(2)
tRD
Register delay
tCOMB
Combinatorial delay
2.0
1.0
ns
tIC
Array clock delay
5.0
5.0
ns
tEN
Register enable time
7.0
5.0
ns
tGLOB
Global control delay
2.0
0.0
ns
tPRE
Register preset time
4.0
3.0
ns
tCLR
Register clear time
4.0
3.0
ns
tPIA
PIA delay
1.0
1.0
ns
tLPA
Low-power adder
12.0
12.0
ns
36
6.0
ns
4.0
ns
6.0
4.0
ns
4.0
2.0
ns
0.0
2.0
2.0
(8)
6.0
1.0
ns
1.0
ns
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 25. MAX 7000 & MAX 7000E External Timing Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
-15
Min
Unit
-15T
Max
Min
-20
Max
Min
Max
tPD1
Input to non-registered output
C1 = 35 pF
15.0
15.0
20.0
ns
tPD2
I/O input to non-registered
output
C1 = 35 pF
15.0
15.0
20.0
ns
tSU
Global clock setup time
11.0
11.0
12.0
tH
Global clock hold time
0.0
0.0
0.0
ns
tFSU
Global clock setup time of fast
input
(2)
3.0
–
5.0
ns
tFH
Global clock hold time of fast
input
(2)
0.0
–
0.0
ns
tCO1
Global clock to output delay
C1 = 35 pF
tCH
Global clock high time
5.0
6.0
6.0
ns
tCL
Global clock low time
5.0
6.0
6.0
ns
tASU
Array clock setup time
4.0
4.0
5.0
ns
tAH
Array clock hold time
4.0
4.0
5.0
ns
tACO1
Array clock to output delay
tACH
Array clock high time
6.0
6.5
8.0
ns
tACL
Array clock low time
6.0
6.5
8.0
ns
tCPPW
Minimum pulse width for clear
and preset
(3)
6.0
6.5
8.0
ns
tODH
Output data hold time after
clock
C1 = 35 pF (4)
1.0
1.0
1.0
ns
(5)
76.9
8.0
C1 = 35 pF
8.0
15.0
12.0
15.0
20.0
13.0
ns
tCNT
Minimum global clock period
Maximum internal global clock
frequency
tACNT
Minimum array clock period
fACNT
Maximum internal array clock
frequency
(5)
76.9
76.9
62.5
MHz
fMAX
Maximum clock frequency
(6)
100
83.3
83.3
MHz
76.9
13.0
16.0
ns
fCNT
Altera Corporation
13.0
ns
62.5
13.0
ns
MHz
16.0
ns
37
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 26. MAX 7000 & MAX 7000E Internal Timing Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
-15
Min
Unit
-15T
Max
Min
-20
Max
Min
Max
tIN
Input pad and buffer delay
2.0
2.0
3.0
tIO
I/O input pad and buffer delay
2.0
2.0
3.0
ns
tFIN
Fast input delay
2.0
–
4.0
ns
tSEXP
Shared expander delay
8.0
10.0
9.0
ns
tPEXP
Parallel expander delay
1.0
1.0
2.0
ns
tLAD
Logic array delay
6.0
6.0
8.0
ns
tLAC
Logic control array delay
6.0
6.0
8.0
ns
tIOE
Internal output enable delay
(2)
3.0
–
4.0
ns
tOD1
Output buffer and pad delay
Slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 5.0 V
C1 = 35 pF
4.0
4.0
5.0
ns
tOD2
Output buffer and pad delay
Slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF (7)
5.0
–
6.0
ns
tOD3
Output buffer and pad delay
Slow slew rate = on
VCCIO = 5.0 V or 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF (2)
8.0
–
9.0
ns
tZX1
Output buffer enable delay
Slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 5.0 V
C1 = 35 pF
6.0
6.0
10.0
ns
tZX2
Output buffer enable delay
Slow slew rate = off
VCCIO = 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF (7)
7.0
–
11.0
ns
tZX3
Output buffer enable delay
Slow slew rate = on
VCCIO = 5.0 V or 3.3 V
C1 = 35 pF (2)
10.0
–
14.0
ns
C1 = 5 pF
10.0
ns
(2)
6.0
6.0
ns
tXZ
Output buffer disable delay
tSU
Register setup time
4.0
4.0
4.0
ns
tH
Register hold time
4.0
4.0
5.0
ns
ns
tFSU
Register setup time of fast input (2)
2.0
–
4.0
tFH
Register hold time of fast input
2.0
–
3.0
tRD
Register delay
1.0
1.0
1.0
ns
tCOMB
Combinatorial delay
1.0
1.0
1.0
ns
tIC
Array clock delay
6.0
6.0
8.0
ns
tEN
Register enable time
6.0
6.0
8.0
ns
tGLOB
Global control delay
1.0
1.0
3.0
ns
tPRE
Register preset time
4.0
4.0
4.0
ns
tCLR
Register clear time
4.0
4.0
4.0
ns
tPIA
PIA delay
2.0
2.0
3.0
ns
tLPA
Low-power adder
13.0
15.0
15.0
ns
38
(2)
(8)
ns
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Notes to tables:
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
These values are specified under the recommended operating conditions shown in Table 14. See Figure 13 for more
information on switching waveforms.
This parameter applies to MAX 7000E devices only.
This minimum pulse width for preset and clear applies for both global clear and array controls. The tLPA parameter
must be added to this minimum width if the clear or reset signal incorporates the tLAD parameter into the signal
path.
This parameter is a guideline that is sample-tested only and is based on extensive device characterization. This
parameter applies for both global and array clocking.
These parameters are measured with a 16-bit loadable, enabled, up/down counter programmed into each LAB.
The fMAX values represent the highest frequency for pipelined data.
Operating conditions: VCCIO = 3.3 V ± 10% for commercial and industrial use.
The tLPA parameter must be added to the tLAD, tLAC, tIC, tEN, tSEXP, tACL, and tCPPW parameters for macrocells
running in the low-power mode.
Tables 27 and 28 show the EPM7032S AC operating conditions.
Table 27. EPM7032S External Timing Parameters (Part 1 of 2)
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
-5
-6
Unit
-7
-10
Min Max Min Max Min Max Min Max
tPD1
Input to non-registered output
C1 = 35 pF
5.0
6.0
7.5
10.0
ns
tPD2
I/O input to non-registered
output
C1 = 35 pF
5.0
6.0
7.5
10.0
ns
tSU
Global clock setup time
2.9
4.0
5.0
7.0
tH
Global clock hold time
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
ns
tFSU
Global clock setup time of fast
input
2.5
2.5
2.5
3.0
ns
tFH
Global clock hold time of fast
input
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
ns
tCO1
Global clock to output delay
tCH
Global clock high time
tCL
Global clock low time
2.0
2.5
3.0
4.0
ns
tASU
Array clock setup time
0.7
0.9
1.1
2.0
ns
tAH
Array clock hold time
tACO1
Array clock to output delay
tACH
Array clock high time
2.5
2.5
3.0
4.0
ns
tACL
Array clock low time
2.5
2.5
3.0
4.0
ns
tCPPW
Minimum pulse width for clear
and preset
(2)
2.5
2.5
3.0
4.0
ns
tODH
Output data hold time after
clock
C1 = 35 pF (3)
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
ns
tCNT
Minimum global clock period
fCNT
Maximum internal global clock
frequency
tACNT
Minimum array clock period
Altera Corporation
C1 = 35 pF
3.2
2.0
1.8
C1 = 35 pF
3.5
2.5
2.1
5.4
175.4
5.7
7.0
ns
10.0
8.6
116.3
10.0
100.0
8.6
ns
ns
3.0
8.2
7.0
142.9
5.0
4.0
2.7
6.6
5.7
(4)
4.3
3.0
ns
ns
ns
MHz
10.0
ns
39
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 27. EPM7032S External Timing Parameters (Part 2 of 2)
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
-5
-6
Unit
-7
-10
Min Max Min Max Min Max Min Max
fACNT
Maximum internal array clock
frequency
(4)
175.4
142.9
116.3
100.0
MHz
fMAX
Maximum clock frequency
(5)
250.0
200.0
166.7
125.0
MHz
Table 28. EPM7032S Internal Timing Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
-5
Min
-6
Max
Min
Unit
-7
Max
Min
-10
Max
Min
Max
tIN
Input pad and buffer delay
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.5
ns
tIO
I/O input pad and buffer delay
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.5
ns
tFIN
Fast input delay
2.2
2.1
2.5
1.0
ns
tSEXP
Shared expander delay
3.1
3.8
4.6
5.0
ns
tPEXP
Parallel expander delay
0.9
1.1
1.4
0.8
ns
tLAD
Logic array delay
2.6
3.3
4.0
5.0
ns
tLAC
Logic control array delay
2.5
3.3
4.0
5.0
ns
tIOE
Internal output enable delay
0.7
0.8
1.0
2.0
ns
tOD1
Output buffer and pad delay
C1 = 35 pF
0.2
0.3
0.4
1.5
ns
tOD2
Output buffer and pad delay
C1 = 35 pF (6)
0.7
0.8
0.9
2.0
ns
tOD3
Output buffer and pad delay
C1 = 35 pF
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
ns
tZX1
Output buffer enable delay
C1 = 35 pF
4.0
4.0
4.0
5.0
ns
tZX2
Output buffer enable delay
C1 = 35 pF (6)
4.5
4.5
4.5
5.5
ns
tZX3
Output buffer enable delay
C1 = 35 pF
9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0
ns
tXZ
Output buffer disable delay
C1 = 5 pF
4.0
4.0
4.0
5.0
ns
tSU
Register setup time
0.8
1.0
1.3
2.0
ns
tH
Register hold time
1.7
2.0
2.5
3.0
ns
tFSU
Register setup time of fast
input
1.9
1.8
1.7
3.0
ns
tFH
Register hold time of fast
input
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.5
ns
tRD
Register delay
1.2
1.6
1.9
2.0
ns
tCOMB
Combinatorial delay
0.9
1.1
1.4
2.0
ns
tIC
Array clock delay
2.7
3.4
4.2
5.0
ns
tEN
Register enable time
2.6
3.3
4.0
5.0
ns
tGLOB
Global control delay
1.6
1.4
1.7
1.0
ns
tPRE
Register preset time
2.0
2.4
3.0
3.0
ns
tCLR
Register clear time
2.0
2.4
3.0
3.0
ns
40
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 28. EPM7032S Internal Timing Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
-5
Min
-6
Max
Min
Unit
-7
Max
Min
-10
Max
Min
Max
tPIA
PIA delay
(7)
1.1
1.1
1.4
1.0
ns
tLPA
Low-power adder
(8)
12.0
10.0
10.0
11.0
ns
Notes to tables:
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
These values are specified under the recommended operating conditions shown in Table 14. See Figure 13 for more
information on switching waveforms.
This minimum pulse width for preset and clear applies for both global clear and array controls. The tLPA parameter
must be added to this minimum width if the clear or reset signal incorporates the tLAD parameter into the signal
path.
This parameter is a guideline that is sample-tested only and is based on extensive device characterization. This
parameter applies for both global and array clocking.
These parameters are measured with a 16-bit loadable, enabled, up/down counter programmed into each LAB.
The fMAX values represent the highest frequency for pipelined data.
Operating conditions: VCCIO = 3.3 V ± 10% for commercial and industrial use.
For EPM7064S-5, EPM7064S-6, EPM7128S-6, EPM7160S-6, EPM7160S-7, EPM7192S-7, and EPM7256S-7 devices,
these values are specified for a PIA fan-out of one LAB (16 macrocells). For each additional LAB fan-out in these
devices, add an additional 0.1 ns to the PIA timing value.
The tLPA parameter must be added to the tLAD, tLAC, tIC, tEN, tSEXP, tACL, and tCPPW parameters for macrocells
running in the low-power mode.
Tables 29 and 30 show the EPM7064S AC operating conditions.
Table 29. EPM7064S External Timing Parameters (Part 1 of 2)
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
-5
-6
Unit
-7
-10
Min Max Min Max Min Max Min Max
tPD1
Input to non-registered output
C1 = 35 pF
5.0
6.0
7.5
10.0
ns
tPD2
I/O input to non-registered
output
C1 = 35 pF
5.0
6.0
7.5
10.0
ns
tSU
Global clock setup time
2.9
3.6
6.0
7.0
tH
Global clock hold time
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
ns
tFSU
Global clock setup time of fast
input
2.5
2.5
3.0
3.0
ns
tFH
Global clock hold time of fast
input
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.5
ns
tCO1
Global clock to output delay
tCH
Global clock high time
tCL
Global clock low time
tASU
Array clock setup time
tAH
Array clock hold time
1.8
Altera Corporation
C1 = 35 pF
3.2
2.0
4.0
4.5
ns
5.0
ns
2.5
3.0
4.0
ns
2.0
2.5
3.0
4.0
ns
0.7
0.9
3.0
2.0
ns
2.1
2.0
3.0
ns
41
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 29. EPM7064S External Timing Parameters (Part 2 of 2)
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
-5
-6
Unit
-7
-10
Min Max Min Max Min Max Min Max
tACO1
Array clock to output delay
C1 = 35 pF
tACH
Array clock high time
2.5
5.4
2.5
3.0
4.0
ns
tACL
Array clock low time
2.5
2.5
3.0
4.0
ns
tCPPW
Minimum pulse width for clear
and preset
(2)
2.5
2.5
3.0
4.0
ns
tODH
Output data hold time after
clock
C1 = 35 pF (3)
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
ns
tCNT
Minimum global clock period
fCNT
Maximum internal global clock
frequency
tACNT
Minimum array clock period
fACNT
fMAX
5.7
7.5
7.1
140.8
10.0
8.0
10.0
Maximum internal array clock
frequency
(4)
175.4
140.8
125.0
100.0
MHz
Maximum clock frequency
(5)
250.0
200.0
166.7
125.0
MHz
5.7
100.0
ns
175.4
Parameter
125.0
ns
(4)
Table 30. EPM7064S Internal Timing Parameters (Part 1 of 2)
Symbol
6.7
7.1
8.0
MHz
10.0
ns
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
-5
-6
Unit
-7
-10
Min Max Min Max Min Max Min Max
tIN
Input pad and buffer delay
0.2
0.2
0.5
0.5
ns
tIO
I/O input pad and buffer delay
0.2
0.2
0.5
0.5
ns
tFIN
Fast input delay
2.2
2.6
1.0
1.0
ns
tSEXP
Shared expander delay
3.1
3.8
4.0
5.0
ns
tPEXP
Parallel expander delay
0.9
1.1
0.8
0.8
ns
tLAD
Logic array delay
2.6
3.2
3.0
5.0
ns
tLAC
Logic control array delay
2.5
3.2
3.0
5.0
ns
tIOE
Internal output enable delay
0.7
0.8
2.0
2.0
ns
tOD1
Output buffer and pad delay
C1 = 35 pF
0.2
0.3
2.0
1.5
ns
ns
tOD2
Output buffer and pad delay
C1 = 35 pF (6)
0.7
0.8
2.5
2.0
tOD3
Output buffer and pad delay
C1 = 35 pF
5.2
5.3
7.0
5.5
ns
tZX1
Output buffer enable delay
C1 = 35 pF
4.0
4.0
4.0
5.0
ns
tZX2
Output buffer enable delay
C1 = 35 pF (6)
4.5
4.5
4.5
5.5
ns
tZX3
Output buffer enable delay
C1 = 35 pF
9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0
ns
tXZ
Output buffer disable delay
C1 = 5 pF
tSU
Register setup time
0.8
1.0
3.0
2.0
ns
tH
Register hold time
1.7
2.0
2.0
3.0
ns
42
4.0
4.0
4.0
5.0
ns
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 30. EPM7064S Internal Timing Parameters (Part 2 of 2)
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
Unit
-5
-6
-7
-10
Min Max
Min Max
Min Max
Min Max
tFSU
Register setup time of fast
input
1.9
1.8
3.0
3.0
ns
tFH
Register hold time of fast
input
0.6
0.7
0.5
0.5
ns
tRD
Register delay
1.2
1.6
1.0
2.0
tCOMB
Combinatorial delay
0.9
1.0
1.0
2.0
ns
ns
tIC
Array clock delay
2.7
3.3
3.0
5.0
ns
tEN
Register enable time
2.6
3.2
3.0
5.0
ns
tGLOB
Global control delay
1.6
1.9
1.0
1.0
ns
tPRE
Register preset time
2.0
2.4
2.0
3.0
ns
tCLR
Register clear time
2.0
2.4
2.0
3.0
ns
tPIA
PIA delay
(7)
1.1
1.3
1.0
1.0
ns
tLPA
Low-power adder
(8)
12.0
11.0
10.0
11.0
ns
Notes to tables:
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
These values are specified under the recommended operating conditions shown in Table 14. See Figure 13 for more
information on switching waveforms.
This minimum pulse width for preset and clear applies for both global clear and array controls. The tLPA parameter
must be added to this minimum width if the clear or reset signal incorporates the tLAD parameter into the signal
path.
This parameter is a guideline that is sample-tested only and is based on extensive device characterization. This
parameter applies for both global and array clocking.
These parameters are measured with a 16-bit loadable, enabled, up/down counter programmed into each LAB.
The fMAX values represent the highest frequency for pipelined data.
Operating conditions: VCCIO = 3.3 V ± 10% for commercial and industrial use.
For EPM7064S-5, EPM7064S-6, EPM7128S-6, EPM7160S-6, EPM7160S-7, EPM7192S-7, and EPM7256S-7 devices,
these values are specified for a PIA fan-out of one LAB (16 macrocells). For each additional LAB fan-out in these
devices, add an additional 0.1 ns to the PIA timing value.
The tLPA parameter must be added to the tLAD, tLAC, tIC, tEN, tSEXP, tACL, and tCPPW parameters for macrocells
running in the low-power mode.
Altera Corporation
43
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Tables 31 and 32 show the EPM7128S AC operating conditions.
Table 31. EPM7128S External Timing Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
-6
-7
Unit
-10
-15
Min Max Min Max Min Max Min Max
tPD1
Input to non-registered output
C1 = 35 pF
6.0
7.5
10.0
15.0
ns
tPD2
I/O input to non-registered
output
C1 = 35 pF
6.0
7.5
10.0
15.0
ns
tSU
Global clock setup time
3.4
6.0
7.0
11.0
tH
Global clock hold time
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
ns
tFSU
Global clock setup time of fast
input
2.5
3.0
3.0
3.0
ns
tFH
Global clock hold time of fast
input
0.0
0.5
0.5
0.0
ns
tCO1
Global clock to output delay
tCH
Global clock high time
tCL
Global clock low time
tASU
Array clock setup time
tAH
Array clock hold time
1.8
tACO1
Array clock to output delay
tACH
Array clock high time
3.0
3.0
4.0
6.0
ns
tACL
Array clock low time
3.0
3.0
4.0
6.0
ns
tCPPW
Minimum pulse width for clear
and preset
(2)
3.0
3.0
4.0
6.0
ns
tODH
Output data hold time after
clock
C1 = 35 pF (3)
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
ns
tCNT
Minimum global clock period
fCNT
Maximum internal global clock
frequency
tACNT
Minimum array clock period
fACNT
fMAX
44
C1 = 35 pF
4.0
3.0
4.5
5.0
ns
8.0
ns
3.0
4.0
5.0
ns
3.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
ns
0.9
3.0
2.0
4.0
ns
2.0
5.0
4.0
C1 = 35 pF
6.5
7.5
6.8
10.0
8.0
125.0
10.0
13.0
ns
147.1
Maximum internal array clock
frequency
(4)
147.1
125.0
100.0
76.9
MHz
Maximum clock frequency
(5)
166.7
166.7
125.0
100.0
MHz
8.0
76.9
ns
(4)
6.8
100.0
ns
15.0
10.0
MHz
13.0
ns
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 32. EPM7128S Internal Timing Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
-6
-7
Unit
-10
-15
Min Max
Min Max
Min Max
tIN
Input pad and buffer delay
0.2
0.5
0.5
2.0
ns
tIO
I/O input pad and buffer delay
0.2
0.5
0.5
2.0
ns
tFIN
Fast input delay
2.6
1.0
1.0
2.0
ns
tSEXP
Shared expander delay
3.7
4.0
5.0
8.0
ns
tPEXP
Parallel expander delay
1.1
0.8
0.8
1.0
ns
tLAD
Logic array delay
3.0
3.0
5.0
6.0
ns
tLAC
Logic control array delay
3.0
3.0
5.0
6.0
ns
tIOE
Internal output enable delay
0.7
2.0
2.0
3.0
ns
tOD1
Output buffer and pad delay
C1 = 35 pF
0.4
2.0
1.5
4.0
ns
tOD2
Output buffer and pad delay
C1 = 35 pF (6)
0.9
2.5
2.0
5.0
ns
tOD3
Output buffer and pad delay
C1 = 35 pF
5.4
7.0
5.5
8.0
ns
tZX1
Output buffer enable delay
C1 = 35 pF
4.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
ns
tZX2
Output buffer enable delay
C1 = 35 pF (6)
4.5
4.5
5.5
7.0
ns
tZX3
Output buffer enable delay
C1 = 35 pF
9.0
9.0
9.0
10.0
ns
tXZ
Output buffer disable delay
C1 = 5 pF
4.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
ns
tSU
Register setup time
1.0
3.0
2.0
4.0
tH
Register hold time
1.7
2.0
5.0
4.0
ns
tFSU
Register setup time of fast
input
1.9
3.0
3.0
2.0
ns
tFH
Register hold time of fast
input
0.6
0.5
0.5
1.0
ns
tRD
Register delay
1.4
1.0
2.0
1.0
tCOMB
Combinatorial delay
1.0
1.0
2.0
1.0
ns
tIC
Array clock delay
3.1
3.0
5.0
6.0
ns
tEN
Register enable time
3.0
3.0
5.0
6.0
ns
tGLOB
Global control delay
2.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
ns
tPRE
Register preset time
2.4
2.0
3.0
4.0
ns
tCLR
Register clear time
2.4
2.0
3.0
4.0
ns
tPIA
PIA delay
(7)
1.4
1.0
1.0
2.0
ns
tLPA
Low-power adder
(8)
11.0
10.0
11.0
13.0
ns
Altera Corporation
Min Max
ns
ns
45
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Notes to tables:
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
These values are specified under the recommended operating conditions shown in Table 14. See Figure 13 for more
information on switching waveforms.
This minimum pulse width for preset and clear applies for both global clear and array controls. The tLPA parameter
must be added to this minimum width if the clear or reset signal incorporates the tLAD parameter into the signal
path.
This parameter is a guideline that is sample-tested only and is based on extensive device characterization. This
parameter applies for both global and array clocking.
These parameters are measured with a 16-bit loadable, enabled, up/down counter programmed into each LAB.
The fMAX values represent the highest frequency for pipelined data.
Operating conditions: VCCIO = 3.3 V ± 10% for commercial and industrial use.
For EPM7064S-5, EPM7064S-6, EPM7128S-6, EPM7160S-6, EPM7160S-7, EPM7192S-7, and EPM7256S-7 devices,
these values are specified for a PIA fan-out of one LAB (16 macrocells). For each additional LAB fan-out in these
devices, add an additional 0.1 ns to the PIA timing value.
The tLPA parameter must be added to the tLAD, tLAC, tIC, tEN, tSEXP, tACL, and tCPPW parameters for macrocells
running in the low-power mode.
Tables 33 and 34 show the EPM7160S AC operating conditions.
Table 33. EPM7160S External Timing Parameters (Part 1 of 2)
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
-6
-7
Unit
-10
-15
Min Max Min Max Min Max Min Max
tPD1
Input to non-registered output
C1 = 35 pF
6.0
7.5
10.0
15.0
ns
tPD2
I/O input to non-registered
output
C1 = 35 pF
6.0
7.5
10.0
15.0
ns
tSU
Global clock setup time
3.4
4.2
7.0
11.0
tH
Global clock hold time
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
ns
tFSU
Global clock setup time of fast
input
2.5
3.0
3.0
3.0
ns
tFH
Global clock hold time of fast
input
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
ns
tCO1
Global clock to output delay
tCH
Global clock high time
tCL
Global clock low time
tASU
Array clock setup time
tAH
Array clock hold time
1.7
tACO1
Array clock to output delay
tACH
Array clock high time
3.0
3.0
4.0
6.0
ns
tACL
Array clock low time
3.0
3.0
4.0
6.0
ns
tCPPW
Minimum pulse width for clear
and preset
(2)
2.5
3.0
4.0
6.0
ns
tODH
Output data hold time after
clock
C1 = 35 pF (3)
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
ns
tCNT
Minimum global clock period
fCNT
Maximum internal global clock
frequency
46
C1 = 35 pF
3.9
3.0
4.8
8
ns
3.0
4.0
5.0
ns
3.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
ns
0.9
1.1
2.0
4.0
ns
2.1
3.0
4.0
C1 = 35 pF
6.4
7.9
6.7
(4)
5
ns
149.3
10.0
8.2
122.0
10.0
100.0
ns
15.0
13.0
76.9
ns
ns
MHz
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 33. EPM7160S External Timing Parameters (Part 2 of 2)
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
-6
-7
Unit
-10
-15
Min Max Min Max Min Max Min Max
tACNT
Minimum array clock period
fACNT
Maximum internal array clock
frequency
(4)
149.3
6.7
122.0
100.0
76.9
MHz
fMAX
Maximum clock frequency
(5)
166.7
166.7
125.0
100.0
MHz
Table 34. EPM7160S Internal Timing Parameters (Part 1 of 2)
Symbol
Parameter
8.2
10.0
13.0
ns
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
-6
-7
Unit
-10
-15
Min Max
Min Max
Min Max
tIN
Input pad and buffer delay
0.2
0.3
0.5
2.0
ns
tIO
I/O input pad and buffer delay
0.2
0.3
0.5
2.0
ns
tFIN
Fast input delay
2.6
3.2
1.0
2.0
ns
tSEXP
Shared expander delay
3.6
4.3
5.0
8.0
ns
tPEXP
Parallel expander delay
1.0
1.3
0.8
1.0
ns
tLAD
Logic array delay
2.8
3.4
5.0
6.0
ns
tLAC
Logic control array delay
2.8
3.4
5.0
6.0
ns
tIOE
Internal output enable delay
0.7
0.9
2.0
3.0
ns
tOD1
Output buffer and pad delay
C1 = 35 pF
0.4
0.5
1.5
4.0
ns
tOD2
Output buffer and pad delay
C1 = 35 pF (6)
0.9
1.0
2.0
5.0
ns
tOD3
Output buffer and pad delay
C1 = 35 pF
5.4
5.5
5.5
8.0
ns
tZX1
Output buffer enable delay
C1 = 35 pF
4.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
ns
tZX2
Output buffer enable delay
C1 = 35 pF (6)
4.5
4.5
5.5
7.0
ns
tZX3
Output buffer enable delay
C1 = 35 pF
9.0
9.0
9.0
10.0
ns
tXZ
Output buffer disable delay
C1 = 5 pF
4.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
ns
tSU
Register setup time
1.0
1.2
2.0
4.0
tH
Register hold time
1.6
2.0
3.0
4.0
ns
tFSU
Register setup time of fast
input
1.9
2.2
3.0
2.0
ns
tFH
Register hold time of fast
input
0.6
0.8
0.5
1.0
ns
tRD
Register delay
1.3
1.6
2.0
1.0
tCOMB
Combinatorial delay
1.0
1.3
2.0
1.0
ns
tIC
Array clock delay
2.9
3.5
5.0
6.0
ns
tEN
Register enable time
2.8
3.4
5.0
6.0
ns
tGLOB
Global control delay
2.0
2.4
1.0
1.0
ns
tPRE
Register preset time
2.4
3.0
3.0
4.0
ns
Altera Corporation
Min Max
ns
ns
47
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 34. EPM7160S Internal Timing Parameters (Part 2 of 2)
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
-6
-7
Unit
-10
-15
Min Max Min Max Min Max Min Max
tCLR
Register clear time
2.4
3.0
3.0
4.0
ns
tPIA
PIA delay
(7)
1.6
2.0
1.0
2.0
ns
tLPA
Low-power adder
(8)
11.0
10.0
11.0
13.0
ns
Notes to tables:
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
These values are specified under the recommended operating conditions shown in Table 14. See Figure 13 for more
information on switching waveforms.
This minimum pulse width for preset and clear applies for both global clear and array controls. The tLPA parameter
must be added to this minimum width if the clear or reset signal incorporates the tLAD parameter into the signal
path.
This parameter is a guideline that is sample-tested only and is based on extensive device characterization. This
parameter applies for both global and array clocking.
These parameters are measured with a 16-bit loadable, enabled, up/down counter programmed into each LAB.
The fMAX values represent the highest frequency for pipelined data.
Operating conditions: VCCIO = 3.3 V ± 10% for commercial and industrial use.
For EPM7064S-5, EPM7064S-6, EPM7128S-6, EPM7160S-6, EPM7160S-7, EPM7192S-7, and EPM7256S-7 devices,
these values are specified for a PIA fan-out of one LAB (16 macrocells). For each additional LAB fan-out in these
devices, add an additional 0.1 ns to the PIA timing value.
The tLPA parameter must be added to the tLAD, tLAC, tIC, tEN, tSEXP, tACL, and tCPPW parameters for macrocells
running in the low-power mode.
Tables 35 and 36 show the EPM7192S AC operating conditions.
Table 35. EPM7192S External Timing Parameters (Part 1 of 2)
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
-7
Min
Unit
-10
Max
Min
-15
Max
Min
Max
tPD1
Input to non-registered output
C1 = 35 pF
7.5
10.0
15.0
ns
tPD2
I/O input to non-registered
output
C1 = 35 pF
7.5
10.0
15.0
ns
tSU
Global clock setup time
4.1
7.0
11.0
tH
Global clock hold time
0.0
0.0
0.0
ns
tFSU
Global clock setup time of fast
input
3.0
3.0
3.0
ns
tFH
Global clock hold time of fast
input
0.0
0.5
0.0
ns
tCO1
Global clock to output delay
tCH
Global clock high time
3.0
4.0
5.0
ns
tCL
Global clock low time
3.0
4.0
5.0
ns
tASU
Array clock setup time
1.0
2.0
4.0
ns
48
C1 = 35 pF
4.7
5.0
ns
8.0
ns
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 35. EPM7192S External Timing Parameters (Part 2 of 2)
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
-7
Min
tAH
Array clock hold time
tACO1
Array clock to output delay
tACH
Array clock high time
tACL
Array clock low time
tCPPW
Minimum pulse width for clear
and preset
(2)
tODH
Output data hold time after
clock
C1 = 35 pF (3)
tCNT
Minimum global clock period
fCNT
Maximum internal global clock
frequency
tACNT
Minimum array clock period
fACNT
fMAX
-10
Max
1.8
C1 = 35 pF
Min
-15
Max
3.0
7.8
Min
Max
4.0
10.0
ns
15.0
ns
3.0
4.0
6.0
ns
3.0
4.0
6.0
ns
3.0
4.0
6.0
ns
1.0
1.0
1.0
ns
8.0
10.0
100.0
13.0
125.0
Maximum internal array clock
frequency
(4)
125.0
100.0
76.9
MHz
Maximum clock frequency
(5)
166.7
125.0
100.0
MHz
8.0
Parameter
76.9
ns
(4)
Table 36. EPM7192S Internal Timing Parameters (Part 1 of 2)
Symbol
Unit
10.0
MHz
13.0
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
-7
Min
ns
Unit
-10
Max
Min
-15
Max
Min
Max
tIN
Input pad and buffer delay
0.3
0.5
2.0
ns
tIO
I/O input pad and buffer delay
0.3
0.5
2.0
ns
tFIN
Fast input delay
3.2
1.0
2.0
ns
tSEXP
Shared expander delay
4.2
5.0
8.0
ns
tPEXP
Parallel expander delay
1.2
0.8
1.0
ns
tLAD
Logic array delay
3.1
5.0
6.0
ns
tLAC
Logic control array delay
3.1
5.0
6.0
ns
tIOE
Internal output enable delay
0.9
2.0
3.0
ns
tOD1
Output buffer and pad delay
C1 = 35 pF
0.5
1.5
4.0
ns
tOD2
Output buffer and pad delay
C1 = 35 pF (6)
1.0
2.0
5.0
ns
tOD3
Output buffer and pad delay
C1 = 35 pF
5.5
5.5
7.0
ns
tZX1
Output buffer enable delay
C1 = 35 pF
4.0
5.0
6.0
ns
tZX2
Output buffer enable delay
C1 = 35 pF (6)
4.5
5.5
7.0
ns
tZX3
Output buffer enable delay
C1 = 35 pF
9.0
9.0
10.0
ns
tXZ
Output buffer disable delay
C1 = 5 pF
tSU
Register setup time
Altera Corporation
4.0
1.1
5.0
2.0
6.0
4.0
ns
ns
49
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 36. EPM7192S Internal Timing Parameters (Part 2 of 2)
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
-7
Min
Unit
-10
Max
Min
-15
Max
Min
Max
tH
Register hold time
1.7
3.0
4.0
ns
tFSU
Register setup time of fast
input
2.3
3.0
2.0
ns
tFH
Register hold time of fast
input
0.7
0.5
1.0
ns
tRD
Register delay
1.4
2.0
1.0
ns
tCOMB
Combinatorial delay
1.2
2.0
1.0
ns
tIC
Array clock delay
3.2
5.0
6.0
ns
tEN
Register enable time
3.1
5.0
6.0
ns
tGLOB
Global control delay
2.5
1.0
1.0
ns
tPRE
Register preset time
2.7
3.0
4.0
ns
tCLR
Register clear time
2.7
3.0
4.0
ns
tPIA
PIA delay
(7)
2.4
1.0
2.0
ns
tLPA
Low-power adder
(8)
10.0
11.0
13.0
ns
Notes to tables:
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
50
These values are specified under the recommended operating conditions shown in Table 14. See Figure 13 for more
information on switching waveforms.
This minimum pulse width for preset and clear applies for both global clear and array controls. The tLPA parameter
must be added to this minimum width if the clear or reset signal incorporates the tLAD parameter into the signal
path.
This parameter is a guideline that is sample-tested only and is based on extensive device characterization. This
parameter applies for both global and array clocking.
These parameters are measured with a 16-bit loadable, enabled, up/down counter programmed into each LAB.
The fMAX values represent the highest frequency for pipelined data.
Operating conditions: VCCIO = 3.3 V ± 10% for commercial and industrial use.
For EPM7064S-5, EPM7064S-6, EPM7128S-6, EPM7160S-6, EPM7160S-7, EPM7192S-7, and EPM7256S-7 devices,
these values are specified for a PIA fan-out of one LAB (16 macrocells). For each additional LAB fan-out in these
devices, add an additional 0.1 ns to the PIA timing value.
The tLPA parameter must be added to the tLAD, tLAC, tIC, tEN, tSEXP, tACL, and tCPPW parameters for macrocells
running in the low-power mode.
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Tables 37 and 38 show the EPM7256S AC operating conditions.
Table 37. EPM7256S External Timing Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
-7
Min
Unit
-10
Max
Min
-15
Max
Min
Max
tPD1
Input to non-registered output
C1 = 35 pF
7.5
10.0
15.0
ns
tPD2
I/O input to non-registered
output
C1 = 35 pF
7.5
10.0
15.0
ns
tSU
Global clock setup time
3.9
7.0
11.0
ns
tH
Global clock hold time
0.0
0.0
0.0
ns
tFSU
Global clock setup time of fast
input
3.0
3.0
3.0
ns
tFH
Global clock hold time of fast
input
0.0
0.5
0.0
ns
tCO1
Global clock to output delay
tCH
Global clock high time
tCL
Global clock low time
3.0
4.0
5.0
ns
tASU
Array clock setup time
0.8
2.0
4.0
ns
tAH
Array clock hold time
tACO1
Array clock to output delay
tACH
Array clock high time
tACL
Array clock low time
tCPPW
Minimum pulse width for clear
and preset
(2)
tODH
Output data hold time after
clock
C1 = 35 pF (3)
tCNT
Minimum global clock period
fCNT
Maximum internal global clock
frequency
tACNT
Minimum array clock period
fACNT
fMAX
C1 = 35 pF
4.7
3.0
1.9
C1 = 35 pF
5.0
4.0
3.0
7.8
8.0
5.0
4.0
10.0
ns
ns
ns
15.0
ns
3.0
4.0
6.0
ns
3.0
4.0
6.0
ns
3.0
4.0
6.0
ns
1.0
1.0
1.0
ns
7.8
10.0
Maximum internal array clock
frequency
(4)
128.2
100.0
76.9
MHz
Maximum clock frequency
(5)
166.7
125.0
100.0
MHz
7.8
76.9
ns
128.2
Altera Corporation
100.0
13.0
(4)
10.0
MHz
13.0
ns
51
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 38. EPM7256S Internal Timing Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
Note (1)
Conditions
Speed Grade
-7
Min
Unit
-10
Max
Min
-15
Max
Min
Max
tIN
Input pad and buffer delay
0.3
0.5
2.0
tIO
I/O input pad and buffer delay
0.3
0.5
2.0
ns
ns
tFIN
Fast input delay
3.4
1.0
2.0
ns
tSEXP
Shared expander delay
3.9
5.0
8.0
ns
tPEXP
Parallel expander delay
1.1
0.8
1.0
ns
tLAD
Logic array delay
2.6
5.0
6.0
ns
tLAC
Logic control array delay
2.6
5.0
6.0
ns
tIOE
Internal output enable delay
0.8
2.0
3.0
ns
tOD1
Output buffer and pad delay
C1 = 35 pF
0.5
1.5
4.0
ns
tOD2
Output buffer and pad delay
C1 = 35 pF (6)
1.0
2.0
5.0
ns
tOD3
Output buffer and pad delay
C1 = 35 pF
5.5
5.5
8.0
ns
tZX1
Output buffer enable delay
C1 = 35 pF
4.0
5.0
6.0
ns
tZX2
Output buffer enable delay
C1 = 35 pF (6)
4.5
5.5
7.0
ns
tZX3
Output buffer enable delay
C1 = 35 pF
9.0
9.0
10.0
ns
tXZ
Output buffer disable delay
C1 = 5 pF
4.0
5.0
6.0
ns
tSU
Register setup time
1.1
2.0
4.0
tH
Register hold time
1.6
3.0
4.0
ns
tFSU
Register setup time of fast
input
2.4
3.0
2.0
ns
tFH
Register hold time of fast
input
0.6
0.5
1.0
ns
ns
tRD
Register delay
1.1
2.0
1.0
ns
tCOMB
Combinatorial delay
1.1
2.0
1.0
ns
tIC
Array clock delay
2.9
5.0
6.0
ns
tEN
Register enable time
2.6
5.0
6.0
ns
tGLOB
Global control delay
2.8
1.0
1.0
ns
tPRE
Register preset time
2.7
3.0
4.0
ns
tCLR
Register clear time
2.7
3.0
4.0
ns
tPIA
PIA delay
(7)
3.0
1.0
2.0
ns
tLPA
Low-power adder
(8)
10.0
11.0
13.0
ns
52
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Notes to tables:
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
These values are specified under the recommended operating conditions shown in Table 14. See Figure 13 for more
information on switching waveforms.
This minimum pulse width for preset and clear applies for both global clear and array controls. The tLPA parameter
must be added to this minimum width if the clear or reset signal incorporates the tLAD parameter into the signal
path.
This parameter is a guideline that is sample-tested only and is based on extensive device characterization. This
parameter applies for both global and array clocking.
These parameters are measured with a 16-bit loadable, enabled, up/down counter programmed into each LAB.
The fMAX values represent the highest frequency for pipelined data.
Operating conditions: VCCIO = 3.3 V ± 10% for commercial and industrial use.
For EPM7064S-5, EPM7064S-6, EPM7128S-6, EPM7160S-6, EPM7160S-7, EPM7192S-7, and EPM7256S-7 devices,
these values are specified for a PIA fan-out of one LAB (16 macrocells). For each additional LAB fan-out in these
devices, add an additional 0.1 ns to the PIA timing value.
The tLPA parameter must be added to the tLAD, tLAC, tIC, tEN, tSEXP, tACL, and tCPPW parameters for macrocells
running in the low-power mode.
Power
Consumption
Supply power (P) versus frequency (fMAX in MHz) for MAX 7000 devices
is calculated with the following equation:
P = PINT + PIO = ICCINT × VCC + PIO
The PIO value, which depends on the device output load characteristics
and switching frequency, can be calculated using the guidelines given in
Application Note 74 (Evaluating Power for Altera Devices).
The ICCINT value, which depends on the switching frequency and the
application logic, is calculated with the following equation:
ICCINT =
A × MCTON + B × (MCDEV – MCTON) + C × MCUSED × fMAX × togLC
The parameters in this equation are shown below:
MCTON
MCDEV
MCUSED
fMAX
togLC
A, B, C
Altera Corporation
= Number of macrocells with the Turbo Bit option turned on,
as reported in the MAX+PLUS II Report File (.rpt)
= Number of macrocells in the device
= Total number of macrocells in the design, as reported
in the MAX+PLUS II Report File (.rpt)
= Highest clock frequency to the device
= Average ratio of logic cells toggling at each clock
(typically 0.125)
= Constants, shown in Table 39
53
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Table 39. MAX 7000 ICC Equation Constants
Device
A
B
C
EPM7032
1.87
0.52
0.144
EPM7064
1.63
0.74
0.144
EPM7096
1.63
0.74
0.144
EPM7128E
1.17
0.54
0.096
EPM7160E
1.17
0.54
0.096
EPM7192E
1.17
0.54
0.096
EPM7256E
1.17
0.54
0.096
EPM7032S
0.93
0.40
0.040
EPM7064S
0.93
0.40
0.040
EPM7128S
0.93
0.40
0.040
EPM7160S
0.93
0.40
0.040
EPM7192S
0.93
0.40
0.040
EPM7256S
0.93
0.40
0.040
This calculation provides an ICC estimate based on typical conditions
using a pattern of a 16-bit, loadable, enabled, up/down counter in each
LAB with no output load. Actual ICC values should be verified during
operation because this measurement is sensitive to the actual pattern in
the device and the environmental operating conditions.
54
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figure 14 shows typical supply current versus frequency for
MAX 7000 devices.
Figure 14. ICC vs. Frequency for MAX 7000 Devices (Part 1 of 2)
EPM7064
EPM7032
180
VCC = 5.0 V
Room Temperature
300
VCC = 5.0 V
Room Temperature
151.5 MHz
151.5 MHz
140
High Speed
200
Typical ICC
Active (mA)
High Speed
100
Typical ICC
Active (mA)
60.2 MHz
100
60
60.2 MHz
Low Power
20
Low Power
50
0
100
150
200
0
50
100
150
200
Frequency (MHz)
Frequency (MHz)
EPM7096
450
VCC = 5.0 V
Room Temperature
125 MHz
350
High Speed
Typical ICC
Active (mA)
250
55.5 MHz
150
Low Power
50
0
50
100
150
Frequency (MHz)
Altera Corporation
55
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figure 14. ICC vs. Frequency for MAX 7000 Devices (Part 2 of 2)
EPM7128E
EPM7160E
500
500
VCC = 5.0 V
Room Temperature
VCC = 5.0 V
Room Temperature
400
400
100 MHz
125 MHz
Typical ICC
Active (mA)
Typical ICC
Active (mA)
300
300
High Speed
High Speed
200
200
47.6 MHz
55.5 MHz
100
0
100
Low Power
50
Low Power
100
150
0
200
50
EPM7192E
200
750
VCC = 5.0 V
Room Temperature
VCC = 5.0 V
Room Temperature
90.9 MHz
400
600
300
High Speed
25
50
90.9 MHz
450
High Speed
300
Low Power
100
0
Typical ICC
Active (mA)
43.5 MHz
200
43.4 MHz
150
75
100
Frequency (MHz)
56
150
EPM7256E
500
Typical ICC
Active (mA)
100
Frequency (MHz)
Frequency (MHz)
125
0
Low Power
25
50
75
100
125
Frequency (MHz)
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figure 15 shows typical supply current versus frequency for MAX 7000S
devices.
Figure 15. ICC vs. Frequency for MAX 7000S Devices (Part 1 of 2)
EPM7032S
EPM7064S
VCC = 5.0 V
Room Temperature
60
142.9 MHz
50
Typical ICC
Active (mA)
40
VCC = 5.0 V
Room Temperature
120
175.4 MHz
100
Typical ICC
Active (mA)
High Speed
30
80
High Speed
60
58.8 MHz
20
Low Power
10
0
50
56.5 MHz
40
100
Low Power
20
150
0
200
50
Frequency (MHz)
100
150
200
Frequency (MHz)
EPM7160S
EPM7128S
VCC = 5.0 V
Room Temperature
280
VCC = 5.0 V
Room Temperature
300
149.3 MHz
240
240
147.1 MHz
200
Typical ICC
Active (mA)
160
Typical ICC
Active (mA)
High Speed
High Speed
180
120
120
56.5 MHz
56.2 MHz
80
Low Power
40
0
50
100
60
150
Frequency (MHz)
Altera Corporation
200
Low Power
0
50
100
150
200
Frequency (MHz)
57
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figure 15. ICC vs. Frequency for MAX 7000S Devices (Part 2 of 2)
EPM7256S
EPM7192S
VCC = 5.0 V
Room Temperature
300
VCC = 5.0 V
Room Temperature
400
128.2 MHz
125.0 MHz
240
Typical ICC
Active (mA)
High Speed
180
High Speed
300
Typical ICC
Active (mA)
200
56.2 MHz
55.6 MHz
120
Low Power
Low Power
100
60
0
25
50
75
100
Frequency (MHz)
Device
Pin-Outs
58
125
0
25
50
75
100
125
Frequency (MHz)
See the Altera web site (http://www.altera.com) or the Altera Digital
Library for pin-out information.
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figures 16 through 22 show the package pin-out diagrams for MAX 7000
devices.
Figure 16. 44-Pin Package Pin-Out Diagram
(2) I/O/(TDI)
I/O
I/O
1 44 43 42 41 40
GND
2
INPUT/GCLK1
INPUT/OE2/(GCLK2) (1)
3
INPUT/OE1
5 4
INPUT/GCLRn
6
VCC
I/O
I/O
Pin 34
I/O
I/O
I/O
GND
INPUT//GCLK1
INPUT/OE1
INPUT/GCLRn
INPUT/OE2/(GCLK2) (1)
VCC
I/O
I/O
Pin 1
I/O
Package outlines not drawn to scale.
(2) I/O /(TDI)
7
39
I/O
I/O/(TDO) (2)
I/O
8
38
I/O/(TDO) (2)
I/O
I/O
I/O
9
37
I/O
GND
I/O
GND
10
36
I/O
I/O
11
35
VCC
I/O
12
34
I/O
(2) I/O/(TMS)
13
33
I/O
I/O
14
32
I/O/(TCK) (2)
31
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
VCC
I/O
I/O
EPM7032
(2) I/O/(TMS)
I/O
I/O/(TCK) (2)
I/O
EPM7032
EPM7032S
EPM7064
EPM7064S
VCC
15
I/O
I/O
16
30
GND
I/O
GND
I/O
17
29
I/O
I/O
I/O
VCC
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
VCC
I/O
GND
I/O
Pin 23
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
VCC
GND
I/O
I/O
I/O
Pin 12
I/O
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
44-Pin PLCC
I/O
I/O
GND
INPUT/GCLK1
INPUT/OE1
INPUT/GCLRn
INPUT/OE2/(GCLK2) (1)
VCC
I/O
I/O
Pin 1
I/O
44-Pin PQFP
(2) I/O /(TDI)
Pin 34
I/O
I/O
I/O/(TDO) (2)
I/O
I/O
GND
I/O
EPM7032
EPM7032S
EPM7064
EPM7064S
I/O
I/O
(2) I/O /(TMS)
I/O
VCC
I/O
I/O
I/O/(TCK) (2)
I/O
VCC
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
VCC
GND
I/O
Pin 12
I/O
I/O
I/O
GND
I/O
I/O
I/O
Pin 23
44-Pin TQFP
Notes:
(1)
(2)
The pin functions shown in parenthesis are only available in MAX 7000E and MAX 7000S devices.
JTAG ports are available in MAX 7000S devices only.
Altera Corporation
59
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figure 17. 68-Pin Package Pin-Out Diagram
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
68
67
66
65
64
63
62
61
I/O
I/O
I/O
GND
I/O
I/O
VCCINT
INPUT/OE2/(GCLK2) (1)
INPUT/GCLRn
INPUT/OE1
INPUT/GCLK1
GND
I/O
I/O
VCCIO
I/O
I/O
Package outlines not drawn to scale.
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
EPM7064
EPM7096
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
50
49
48
47
46
45
44
I/O
I/O
GND
I/O/(TDO) (2)
I/O
I/O
I/O
VCCIO
I/O
I/O
I/O/(TCK) (2)
I/O
GND
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
VCCIO
I/O
I/O
GND
VCCINT
I/O
I/O
GND
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
VCCIO
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
I/O
VCCIO
(2) I/O/(TDI)
I/O
I/O
I/O
GND
I/O
I/O
(2) I/O/(TMS)
I/O
VCCIO
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
GND
68-Pin PLCC
Notes:
(1)
(2)
60
The pin functions shown in parenthesis are only available in MAX 7000E and MAX
7000S devices.
JTAG ports are available in MAX 7000S devices only.
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figure 18. 84-Pin Package Pin-Out Diagram
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
84
83
82
81
80
79
78
77
76
75
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
GND
I/O (1)
I/O
I/O
VCCINT
INPUT/OE2/(GCLK2) (2)
INPUT/GLCRn
INPUT/OE1
INPUT/GCLK1
GND
I/O
I/O
I/O (1)
VCCIO
I/O
I/O
I/O
Package outline not drawn to scale.
I/O
VCCIO
(3) I/O/(TDI)
EPM7064
EPM7064S
EPM7096
EPM7128E
EPM7128S
EPM7160E
EPM7160S
74
73
72
71
70
69
68
67
66
65
64
63
62
61
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
I/O
I/O
GND
I/O/(TDO) (3)
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
VCCIO
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O/(TCK) (3)
I/O
I/O
GND
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
VCCIO
I/O (1)
I/O
I/O
GND
VCCINT
I/O
I/O
I/O (1)
GND
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
VCCIO
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
GND
I/O
I/O
I/O
(3) I/O/(TMS)
I/O
I/O
VCCIO
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
GND
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
84-Pin PLCC
Notes:
(1)
(2)
(3)
Pins 6, 39, 46, and 79 are no-connect (N.C.) pins on EPM7096, EPM7160E, and EPM7160S devices.
The pin functions shown in parenthesis are only available in MAX 7000E and MAX 7000S devices.
JTAG ports are available in MAX 7000S devices only.
Altera Corporation
61
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figure 19. 100-Pin Package Pin-Out Diagram
Package outline not drawn to scale.
Pin 1
Pin 81
Pin 1
Pin 76
EPM7064S
EPM7128S
EPM7160S
EPM7064
EPM7096
EPM7128E
EPM7128S
EPM7160E
Pin 31
Pin 51
Pin 26
100-Pin PQFP
Pin 51
100-Pin TQFP
Figure 20. 160-Pin Package Pin-Out Diagram
Package outline not drawn to scale.
Pin 121
Pin 1
R
P
N
M
L
K
J
EPM7192E
H
Bottom
View
G
EPM7128E
EPM7128S
EPM7160E
EPM7160S
EPM7192E
EPM7192S
EPM7256E
F
E
D
C
B
A
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15
160-Pin PGA
62
Pin 81
Pin 41
160-Pin PQFP
Altera Corporation
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Figure 21. 192-Pin Package Pin-Out Diagram
Package outline not drawn to scale.
U
T
R
P
N
M
L
K
EPM7256E
J
Bottom
View
H
G
F
E
D
C
B
A
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
192-Pin PGA
Figure 22. 208-Pin Package Pin-Out Diagram
Package outline not drawn to scale.
Pin 1
Pin 157
EPM7256E
EPM7256S
Pin 53
Pin 105
208-Pin PQFP/RQFP
Altera Corporation
63
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
Revision
History
The information contained in the MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device
Family Data Sheet version 6.7 supersedes information published in
previous versions. The following changes were made in the MAX 7000
Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet version 6.7:
Version 6.7
The following changes were made in the MAX 7000 Programmable Logic
Device Family Data Sheet version 6.7:
■
Reference to AN 88: Using the Jam Language for ISP & ICR via an
Embedded Processor has been replaced by AN 122: Using Jam STAPL for
ISP & ICR via an Embedded Processor.
Version 6.6
The following changes were made in the MAX 7000 Programmable Logic
Device Family Data Sheet version 6.6:
■
■
Added Tables 6 through 8.
Added “Programming Sequence” section on page 17 and
“Programming Times” section on page 18.
Version 6.5
The following changes were made in the MAX 7000 Programmable Logic
Device Family Data Sheet version 6.5:
■
Updated text on page 16.
Version 6.4
The following changes were made in the MAX 7000 Programmable Logic
Device Family Data Sheet version 6.4:
■
Added Note (5) on page 28.
Version 6.3
The following changes were made in the MAX 7000 Programmable Logic
Device Family Data Sheet version 6.3:
■
64
Updated the “Open-Drain Output Option (MAX 7000S Devices
Only)” section on page 20.
Altera Corporation
Notes:
Altera Corporation
65
MAX 7000 Programmable Logic Device Family Data Sheet
101 Innovation Drive
San Jose, CA 95134
(408) 544-7000
www.altera.com
Applications Hotline:
(800) 800-EPLD
Literature Services:
literature@altera.com
66
Copyright © 2005 Altera Corporation. All rights reserved. Altera, The Programmable Solutions Company,
the stylized Altera logo, specific device designations, and all other words and logos that are identified as
trademarks and/or service marks are, unless noted otherwise, the trademarks and service marks of Altera
Corporation in the U.S. and other countries. All other product or service names are the property of their respective holders. Altera products are protected under numerous U.S. and foreign patents and pending
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to current specifications in accordance with Altera's standard warranty, but reserves the right to make changes to any products and services at any time without notice. Altera assumes no responsibility or liability
arising out of the application or use of any information, product, or service described
herein except as expressly agreed to in writing by Altera Corporation. Altera customers
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Altera Corporation