80A

Technical
Specification
BQ4H136HTx80
230-400V
13.6V
80A
1048W
4250V
Half-brick
Input
Output
Current
Power
Isolation
DC-DC Converter
The BQ4H136HTx80 bus converter is a next-generation,
board-mountable, isolated, fixed switching frequency
DC-DC converter that uses synchronous rectification
to achieve extremely high conversion efficiency. The
BusQor® provides an isolated step down voltage from
385V to 13.6V intermediate bus with no regulation in
a standard half-brick module. The BQ4H136HTx80
converter is ideal for creating the mid-bus voltage
required to drive standard DC-DC non-isolated
converters.
NR
6HTC80
BQ4H13NVERTER
S-G
80A
BUS CO V 13.6V OUT @
0
230-40 IN
BQ4H136HTC80NRS-G Model
Operational Features
•
•
•
•
•
Mechanical Features
High efficiency, 96% at full rated load current
Delivers 80A full power with minimal derating
Operating input voltage range: 230-400V
Fixed frequency switching provides predictable EMI
No minimum load requirement
• Industry standard half-brick pin-out configuration
• Size: 2.39” x 2.49” (60.6 x 63.14 mm), height: 0.512” (13.0 mm)
• Total Encased weight: 4.8 oz (136 grams)
Protection Features
• Input under-voltage and over voltage lockout protects
• Output current limit and short circuit protection (auto recovery)
• Thermal shutdown
Control Features
• On/Off control referenced to input side
• Inherent current share (by droop method) for high current and
parallel applications.
• Clock synchronization (primary referenced)
Contents
Page No.
Safety Features
• UL 60950-1:R2011-12
• EN60950-1/A2:2013
• CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 60950-1/A1:2011
Product # BQ4H136HTx80
Phone 1-888-567-9596
Encased Mechanical Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Flanged Encased Mechanical Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Electrical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Compliance & Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Technical Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Applications Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Ordering Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006546 Rev. A
08/04/15
Page 1
Input: 230-400V
Output: 13.6V
Current: 80A
Package: Half-brick
Encased Mechanical Diagram
SEATING PLANE
HEIGHT
0.512±0.005
[13.00±0.12]
2.486 [63.14]
2.000 [50.80]
PIN
EXTENSION
0.163
[4.14]
1.400 [35.56]
5
TOP VIEW
6
0.004 [0.10]
1.900 2.386
[48.26][60.60]
0.01
[0.3]
1.900
[48.26]
4
1
0.30
[7.6]
3
2
1
0.400
0.600 [10.16]
THRU HOLE STANDOFFS
SEE NOTE 1
(4 PLCS)
1.400 [35.56]
NOTES
PIN DESIGNATIONS
1) Applied torque per screw should not exceed 6in lb (.7Nm)
2) Baseplate flatness tolerance is 0.004" (.10mm) TIR for surface
3) Pins 1-4 are 0.040" (1.02mm) dia. with 0.080"
(2.03mm) dia. standoff shoulders
4) Pins 5 and 6 are 0.080" (2.03mm) dia with .125" (3.18) dia.
standoff shoulders
5) All pins: Material: Copper Alloy
Finish: Matte Tin over Nickel Plate
6) Undimensioned components are shown for visual reference only
7) All dimensions in inches[mm]"
Tolerances X.XXIN +/-0.02 (X.Xmm +/-0.5mm)
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
Name
Function
Vin(+) Positive input voltage
TTL input to turn converter on and off,
ON/OFF
referenced to Vin(–), with internal pull up.
Clock
Clock synchronization
Sync
Vin(–) Negative input voltage
Vout(–) Negative output voltage
Vout(+) Positive output voltage
X.XXXIN +/-0.010 (X.XXmm +/-0.25mm
8) Weight: 4.8 oz (136 grams)
9) Threaded or non-threaded options available
10)Workmanship: Meets or exeeds IPC-A-610 Class II
Product # BQ4H136HTx80
Phone 1-888-567-9596
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Doc.# 005-0006546 Rev. A
08/04/15
Page 2
Input: 230-400V
Output: 13.6V
Current: 80A
Package: Half-brick
Flanged Encased Mechanical Diagram
3.150 [80.01]
2.950 [74.93]
PIN
EXTENSION
0.180
[4.57]
SEATING
PLANE HEIGHT
0.495 0.025
[12.57 0.63]
2.486 [63.14]
1.400 [35.56]
6
5
TOP VIEW
0.010 [0.25]
1.300
[33.02]
1.866
[47.40]
1.900
[48.26]
2.386
[60.60]
4
1
0.31
[7.9]
0.775 0.020
[19.69 0.50]
2
1
FLANGE
THICKNESS
0.125
[3.18]
.130 [3.30]
SEE NOTE 1
(6 PLCS)
0.400 [10.16]
0.600 [15.24]
1.400 [35.56]
NOTES
PIN DESIGNATIONS
1)Applied torque per screw should not exceed 5in lb (.7Nm)
2)Baseplate flatness tolerance is 0.01" (.25mm) TIR for surface
3)Pins 1-4 are 0.040" (1.02mm) dia. with 0.080"
(2.03mm) dia. standoff shoulders
4)Pins 5 and 6 are 0.080" (2.03mm) dia with .125" (3.18) dia.
standoff shoulders
5)All pins: Material: Copper Alloy
Finish: Matte Tin over Nickel Plate
6)Undimensioned components are shown for visual reference only
7)All dimensions in inches[mm]"
Tolerances X.XXIN +/-0.02 (X.Xmm +/-0.5mm)
X.XXXIN +/-0.010 (X.XXmm +/-0.25mm)
8)Weight: 5.0 oz (141 grams)
9)Workmanship: Meets or exeeds IPC-A-610 Class II
Product # BQ4H136HTx80
3
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Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
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Name
Function
Vin(+) Positive input voltage
TTL input to turn converter on and off,
ON/OFF
referenced to Vin(–), with internal pull up.
Clock
Clock synchronization
Sync
Vin(–) Negative input voltage
Vout(–) Negative output voltage
Vout(+) Positive output voltage
Doc.# 005-0006546 Rev. A
08/04/15
Page 3
Input: 230-400V
Output: 13.6V
Current: 80A
Package: Half-brick
Technical Specification
BQ4H136HTx80 Electrical Characteristics
Ta = 25 °C, airflow rate = 300 LFM, Vin = 385V dc unless otherwise noted; full operating temperature range is -40 °C to +100 °C base plate
temperature with appropriate power derating. Specifications subject to change without notice.
Parameter
Min.
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Input Voltage
Non-Operating
Operating
Isolation Voltage
Input to Output
Input to Base-plate
Output to Base-Plate
Operating Temperature
Storage Temperature
Voltage at ON/OFF input pin
INPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Operating Input Voltage Range
Product # BQ4H136HTx80
-0.5
Max.
Units Notes & Conditions
500
475
V
V
-40
4250
2300
2300
100
Vdc
Vdc
Vdc
°C
-45
-2
125
18
°C
V
400
450
V
V
3.8
V
V
V
V
V
V
A
mA
mA
mA
mA
A
µF
230
155
Input Under-Voltage Lockout
Turn-On Voltage Threshold
Turn-Off Voltage Threshold
Lockout Voltage Hysteresis
Input Over-Voltage Shutdown
Turn-On Voltage Threshold
Turn-Off Voltage Threshold
Maximum Input Current
No-Load Input Current
Disabled Input Current
Input Reflected-Ripple Current
Input Terminal-Ripple Current
Recommended Input Fuse (see Note 1)
Recommended External Input Capacitance
Input Filter Component Values (L\C)
OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Output Voltage Set Point
Output Voltage Regulation
Over Line
Over Load
Over Temperature
Total Output Voltage Range
Output Voltage Ripple and Noise
Peak-to-Peak
RMS
Operating Output Current Range
Output DC Current-Limit Inception
Output DC Current-Limit Shutdown Voltage
Back-Drive Current Limit while Disabled
Maximum Output Capacitance
EFFICIENCY
100% Load
50% Load
Typ.
385
385
153
148
5.0
410
420
50
3.0
15
250
30
10
10
4.7\0.47
µH\µF
13.38
V
45\6.1
5.9\800
2.2\300
%\V
%\mV
%\mV
V
7.050
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14.300
250
90
0
400
80
mV
mV
A
8,000
A
V
mA
µF
91
10
0.7
96
95
www.synqor.com
Continuous
See Note 1
Continuous
Transient, 100 ms, dv/dt < 0.5 V/µs
Vin = 230 V
RMS through 10µH inductor
RMS, full load
Fast blow external fuse recommended
Typical ESR 0.1-0.2 Ω
Internal values
Vin = 385 V, Io = 0 A
Over sample, line, load, temperature & life
20 MHz bandwidth; see Note 3
Full load
Full load
Subject to thermal derating; Vin = 385 V
Vin = 385 V
Vin = 385 V
Negative current drawn from output
13.6 Vout at 40 A Resistive Load
%
%
Doc.# 005-0006546 Rev. A
08/04/15
Page 4
Input: 230-400V
Output: 13.6V
Current: 80A
Package: Half-brick
Technical Specification
BQ4H136HTx80 Electrical Characteristics (continued)
Ta = 25 °C, airflow rate = 300 LFM, Vin = 385V dc unless otherwise noted; full operating temperature range is -40 °C to +100 °C base plate
temperature with appropriate power derating. Specifications subject to change without notice.
Parameter
Min.
DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS
Output Voltage during Load Current Transient
Step Change in Output Current (0.1 A/µs)
Settling Time
Turn-On Transient
Turn-On Time (with 8mF output capacitance)
Start-Up Inhibit Time
Output Voltage Overshoot
ISOLATION CHARACTERISTICS
Isolation Voltage (dielectric strength)
Isolation Resistance
Isolation Capacitance (input to output)
Semiconductor Junction Temperature
Board Temperature
Transformer Core Temperature
Maximum Base-Plate Temperature, Tb
FEATURE CHARACTERISTICS
Switching Frequency
Clock Synchronization
ON/OFF Control
On-State Voltage
Off-State Voltage
ON/OFF Control
Pull-Up Voltage
Pull-Up Resistance
Over-Temperature Shutdown OTP Trip Point
Over-Temperature Shutdown Restart Hysteresis
RELIABILITY CHARACTERISTICS
Calculated MTBF (Telcordia) TR-NWT-000332
Calculated MTBF (MIL-217) MIL-HDBK-217F
Field Demonstrated MTBF
Typ.
Max.
350
100
20
250
0
mV
µs
50% to 75% to 50% Iout max
To within 1% Vout nom
30
ms
ms
%
Half load (resistive), Vout=90% nom; Note 4
-40 °C to +100 °C; Figure F
8 mF load capacitance
4250
See Absolute Maximum Ratings
125
125
125
100
V
MΩ
pF
°C
°C
°C
°C
295
600
kHz
kHz
fundamental ripple frequency is 2 x fs
0.4
18
V
V
100
N/A
255
500
275
-1
2
Units Notes & Conditions
Note 5
Package rated to 150 °C
UL rated max operating temp 130 °C
Application notes Figure B
5
82.5
140
150
10
1.4
1.2
V
kΩ
°C
°C
Average PCB Temperature
106 Hrs. Tb = 70 °C
106 Hrs. Tb = 70 °C
106 Hrs. See our website for details
Note 1: Converter will undergo input over-voltage shutdown.
Note 2: Product certification tests were carried out using 10A fast blow fuse. Fuse interruption characteristics have to be taken into account
while designing input traces. User should ensure that Input trace is capable of withstanding fault currents
Note 3: For applications requiring reduced output voltage ripple and noise, consult SynQor applications support (e-mail: [email protected])
Note 4: Starting up under full load can result in hic-up
Note 5: Isolation capacitance can be added external to the module (recommended).
Product # BQ4H136HTx80
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Doc.# 005-0006546 Rev. A
08/04/15
Page 5
Input: 230-400V
Output: 13.6V
Current: 80A
Package: Half-brick
Technical Specification
Compliance & Testing
Parameter
Notes & Conditions
STANDARDS COMPLIANCE
UL 60950-1:R2011-12
Reinforced
EN60950-1/A2:2013
CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 60950-1/A1:2011
Note: An external input fuse must always be used to meet these safety requirements. Contact SynQor for official safety certificates on new
releases or download from the SynQor website.
Parameter
QUALIFICATION TESTING
Life Test
Vibration
Mechanical Shock
Temperature Cycling
Power/Thermal Cycling
Design Marginality
Humidity
Solderability
Product # BQ4H136HTx80
# Units
32
5
5
10
5
5
5
15 pins
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Test Conditions
95% rated Vin and load, units at derating point, 1000 hours
10-55 Hz sweep, 0.060" total excursion, 1 min./sweep, 120 sweeps for 3 axis
100g minimum, 2 drops in x, y and z axis
-40 °C to 100 °C, unit temp. ramp 15 °C/min., 500 cycles
T operating = min to max, Vin = min to max, full load, 100 cycles
Tmin-10 °C to Tmax+10 °C, 5 °C steps, Vin = min to max, 0-105% load
85 °C, 95% RH, 1000 hours, continuous Vin applied except 5 min/day
MIL-STD-883, method 2003
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Doc.# 005-0006546 Rev. A
08/04/15
Page 6
Input: 230-400V
Output: 13.6V
Current: 80A
Package: Half-brick
Technical Figures
100
97.0
95
96.5
96.0
85
Efficiency (%)
Efficiency (%)
90
80
75
70
95.5
95.0
230 Vin
25º C
385 Vin
65
94.5
400 Vin
60
0
20
40
60
80
40º C
55º C
94.0
100
Load Current (A)
Figure 1: Efficiency at nominal output voltage vs. load current for minimum,
nominal, and maximum input voltage at 25°C.
100
200
Air Flow (LFM)
300
Figure 2: Efficiency at nominal output voltage and 60% rated power vs. airflow
rate for ambient air temperatures of 25°C, 40°C, and 55°C (nominal input
voltage).
35
Power Dissipation (W)
Power Dissipation (W)
60
40
20
230 Vin
30
25
20
25º C
40º C
385 Vin
55º C
400 Vin
0
0
20
40
60
80
15
100
100
Load Current (A)
Figure 3: Power dissipation vs. load current for minimum, nominal, and
maximum input voltage at TCASE=25°C.
Air Flow (LFM)
300
400
100
1000
80
800
Pout (W)
1200
600
60
400
40
Vin = 230V
20
0
200
Figure 4: Power dissipation at nominal output voltage and 60% rated power
vs. airflow rate for ambient air temperatures of 25°C, 40°C, and 55°C (nominal
input voltage).
120
Iout (A)
400
Vin = 400V
70
80
90
100
0
110
Base Plate Temperature (°C)
Figure 5: Maximum output current vs. base plate temperature.
Product # BQ4H136HTx80
Vin = 230V
200
Vin = 385V
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Vin = 385V
Vin = 400V
70
80 Semiconductor90junction temperature
100 is
within 1°C of surface temperature
110
Base Plate Temperature (°C)
Figure 6: Maximum output power vs. base plate temperature.
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Doc.# 005-0006546 Rev. A
08/04/15
Page 7
Input: 230-400V
Output: 13.6V
Current: 80A
Package: Half-brick
Technical Figures
15
20
12
Output Voltage (V)
Output Voltage (V)
15
10
5
230 Vin
9
6
Vin = 230V
Vin = 385V
3
385 Vin
Vin = 400V
400 Vin
0
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
0
140
Load Current (A)
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Load Current (A)
Figure 7: Output voltage vs. load current for different input voltages showing
typical current limit curves.
Figure 8: Output voltage vs. load current, regulation curves for minimum,
nominal, and maximum input voltage at TCASE=25°C.
Figure 9: Turn-on transient at half load (resistive load) (10 ms/div). Load cap:
15µF tantalum capacitor and 1mF ceramic capacitor bank. Input voltage preapplied. Ch 1: Vout (5V/div). Ch 2: ON/OFF input (2 V/div).
Figure 10: Turn-on transient at half load (resistive load) (10 ms/div). Load cap:
15µF tantalum capacitor and 8mF ceramic capacitor bank. Input voltage preapplied. Ch 1: Vout (5V/div). Ch 2: ON/OFF input (2 V/div).
Figure 11: Output voltage response to step-change in load current (50%-75%50% of Iout(max); dI/dt = 0.1A/µs). Load cap: 15µF tantalum cap and 1µF
ceramic cap. Ch 1: Vout (1V/div), Ch 2: Iout (50A/div).
Figure 12: Output voltage response to step-change in load current (50%-75%50% of Iout(max): dI/dt = 1A/µs). Load cap: 15µF, 30 mΩ ESR tantalum cap
and 1µF ceramic cap. Ch 1: Vout (1V/div), Ch 2: Iout (50A/div).
Product # BQ4H136HTx80
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Doc.# 005-0006546 Rev. A
08/04/15
Page 8
Input: 230-400V
Output: 13.6V
Current: 80A
Package: Half-brick
Technical Figures
Input
Reflected
Ripple
Current
source
impedance
iS
VSOURCE
Input
Terminal
Ripple
Current
iC
electrolytic
capacitor
Output
Voltage
Ripple
DC-DC
Converter
VOUT
ceramic
capacitor
tantalum
capacitor
Figure 13: Test set-up diagram showing measurement points for Input Terminal
Ripple Current (Figure 14), Input Reflected Current (Figure 15) and Output
Voltage Ripple (Figure 16).
Figure 14: Input Terminal Ripple Current, ic, at full rated output current and
nominal input voltage with 10µH source impedance and 47µF electrolytic
capacitor (200 mA/div). See Figure 13.
Figure 15: Input reflected ripple current, is, through a 10 µH source inductor,
using a 47µF electrolytic input capacitor (10mA/div). See Figure 13.
Figure 16: Output voltage ripple at nominal input voltage and rated load current
(200 mV/div). Load capacitance: 1µF ceramic capacitor and 15µF tantalum
capacitor. Bandwidth: 20 MHz. See Figure 13.
Figure 17: Rise of output voltage after the removal of a short circuit across
the output terminals. Rshort = 5mΩ. Ch1: (5V/div). Ch2: Iout (50A/div).
Bandwidth: 20MHz.
Product # BQ4H136HTx80
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Doc.# 005-0006546 Rev. A
08/04/15
Page 9
Input: 230-400V
Output: 13.6V
Current: 80A
Package: Half-brick
Applications Section
BASIC OPERATION AND FEATURES
CONTROL FEATURES
With voltages dropping and currents rising, the economics
of an Intermediate Bus Architecture (IBA) are becoming
more attractive, especially in systems requiring multiple
low voltages. IBA systems separate the role of isolation and
voltage scaling from regulation and sensing. The BusQor
series bus converter provides isolation and an unregulated
voltage step down in one compact module, leaving regulation
to simpler, less expensive non-isolated converters.
REMOTE ON/OFF (Pin 2): The ON/OFF input, Pin 2,
permits the user to control when the converter is on or off.
This input is referenced to the return terminal of the input
bus, Vin(-).
In the negative logic version, the ON/OFF signal is active
low (meaning that a low turns the converter on). Figure B
is a detailed look of the internal ON/OFF circuitry.
5V
In Figure A below, the BusQor module provides the isolation
stage of the IBA system. The isolated bus then distributes
power to the non-isolated buck regulators to generate the
required voltage levels at the points of load. In this case, the
bucks are represented with SynQor’s NiQor series of nonisolated DC-DC converters. In many applications requiring
multiple low voltage outputs, significant savings can be
achieved in board space and overall system costs.
When designing an IBA system with bus converters, the
designer can select from a variety of bus voltages. While
there is no universally ideal bus voltage, most designs
employ one of the following: 31 V, 28 V, 24 V, 12 V, 9.6 V, or
6 V. Higher bus voltages can lead to lower efficiency for the
buck regulators but are more efficient for the bus converter
and provide lower board level distribution current. Lower
bus voltages offer the opposite trade offs.
SynQor’s BusQor modules act as a true dc transformer. The
output voltage is proportional to the input voltage, with a
specified “turns ratio” or voltage ratio, plus minor drop from
the internal resistive losses in the module. When used in
IBA systems, the output variation of the BusQor must be in
accordance with the input voltage range of the non-isolated
converters being employed.
The BusQor architecture is very scalable, meaning multiple
bus converters can be connected directly in parallel to allow
current sharing for higher power applications.
82.5K
PIN2
PIN3
ON/OFF
10K
TO ENABLE
CIRCUITRY
IN RTN
Figure B: Internal ON/OFF pin circuitry
SYNCHRONIZATION: The BQ4H converter’s switching
frequency can be synchronized to an external frequency
source that is in the 500 kHz to 600 kHz range. A pulse train
at the desired frequency should be applied to the CLK SYNC
pin (pin 3) with respect to the INPUT RETURN (pin 4). This
pulse train should have a duty cycle in the 20% to 80%
range. Its low value should be below 0.8 V to be guaranteed
to be interpreted as a logic low, and its high value should be
above 2.0 V to be guaranteed to be interpreted as a logic
high. The transition time between the two states should be
less than 300 ns.
If the converter is not to be synchronized, the CLK SYNC pin
should be left open circuit. The converter will then operate
in its free-running mode at a frequency of approximately
550 kHz (twice the switching frequency).
If, due to a fault, the CLK SYNC pin is held in either a
logic low or logic high state continuously, or the CLK SYNC
frequency is outside the 500-600 kHz range, the converter
will revert to its free-running frequency.
12.0 V
385 Vdc
230-400 Vdc
BusQor
Converter
Front End
9.5 V
13.6 Vdc
5.0 V
3.3 V
2.5 V
Typical User Board
Converters
Loads
Figure A: Example of Intermediate Bus Architecture using isolated or nonisolated converters.
Product # BQ4H136HTx80
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Figure C: Equivalent circuit looking into the CLK SYNC pin with respect to
the IN RTN (input return) pin.
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Doc.# 005-0006546 Rev. A
08/04/15
Page 10
Input: 230-400V
Output: 13.6V
Current: 80A
Package: Half-brick
Applications Section
PROTECTION FEATURES
Input Under-Voltage Lockout: The converter is designed
to turn off when the input voltage is too low, helping avoid
an input system instability problem, described in more detail
in the application note titled “Input System Instability”. The
lockout circuitry is a comparator with DC hysteresis. When
the input voltage is rising, it must exceed the typical TurnOn Voltage Threshold value (listed on the specification
page) before the converter will turn on. Once the converter
is on, the input voltage must fall below the typical Turn-Off
Voltage Threshold value before the converter will turn off.
Also see Figure F.
Input Over-Voltage Shutdown: The converter also has
a two stage over-voltage feature that limits the converter's
duty cycle for 100 ms before shutdown and a higher second
level with no delay before shutdown if the input voltage
is too high (See the Input Over-Voltage Shutdown section
in the Electrical Characteristics Table for specific voltage
levels). It also has a hysteresis and time delay to ensure
proper operation.
Output Current Limit: The output of the BusQor module
is electronically protected against output overloads. When
an overload current greater than the “DC Current-Limit
Inception” specification is drawn from the output, the output
shuts down to zero volt in a period of 1ms typical (see Figure
D). The shutdown period lasts for a typical period of 250 ms
(Figure E) after which the BusQor tries to power up again
(10 ms). If the overload persists, the output voltage will
go through repeated cycles of shutdown and restart with a
duty cycle of 4% (On) and 96% (Off) respectively.
Output
Current
90 A
80 A
Output
Voltage
13.6 V
0V
1 ms
Time
Figure D: Output Overload protection diagram (not to scale)
Product # BQ4H136HTx80
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Output
Current
130 A
peak
Output
Voltage
<13 V
0V
250 ms
10 ms
Time
Figure E: Output Short Circuit and Auto-Resetting protection diagram (not to
scale)
The BusQor module returns (auto resetting) to normal
operation once the overload is removed. The BusQor is
designed to survive in this mode indefinitely without damage
and without human intervention.
Output Short Circuit Protection: When the output of
the BusQor module is shorted, a peak current of typically
130 A will flow into the short circuit for a period not greater
than 1 ms (typically 200 uS). The output of the BusQor will
shutdown to zero for ~ 250 mS (Figure E). At the end of
the shutdown period the BusQor module tries to power up
again. If the short circuit persists, the output voltage will
go through repeated cycles of shutdown and restart with
a duty cycle of 4% (On) and 96% (Off) respectively. The
BusQor module returns (auto resetting) to normal operation
once the short circuit is removed. The BusQor is designed
to survive in this mode indefinitely without damage and
without human intervention.
In the Auto resetting mode, also referred to as “Hiccup”
mode, the power drawn from the 385 V input is about ~10
Watts, most of which is dissipated into the external fault. It
is important that copper traces and pads from the output
circuit be designed to withstand the short term peaks,
although the average current into the fault may be as low
as 0.04 A typical. See Figure 17 for appropriate waveform.
Over-Temperature Shutdown: A temperature sensor
on the converter senses the average temperature of the
module. The thermal shutdown circuit is designed to turn the
converter off when the temperature at the sensed location
reaches the Over-Temperature Shutdown value. It will allow
the converter to turn on again when the temperature of the
sensed location falls by the amount of the Over-Temperature
Shutdown Restart Hysteresis value.
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006546 Rev. A
08/04/15
Page 11
Input: 230-400V
Output: 13.6V
Current: 80A
Package: Half-brick
Applications Section
APPLICATION CONSIDERATIONS
Start-Up Inhibit Period: Figure F details the Start-Up
Inhibit Period for the BusQor module. At time t0, when Vin
is applied with On/Off pin asserted (enabled), the BusQor
output begins to build up. Before time t1, when the input
voltage is below the UVL threshold, the unit is disabled by
the Input Under-Voltage Lockout feature. When the input
voltage rises above the UVL threshold, the Input UnderVoltage Lockout is released, and a typical Initial Startup
Inhibit Period of 70 ms is initiated. The output builds up to
90% of the nominal value of 13.6 V in a period of 20 ms
typical (50% load).
At time t2, when the On/Off pin is de-asserted (disabled),
the BusQor output instantly drops to 0 V. Fall time from
13.6 V to 0 V is dependent on output capacitance and any
parasitic trace inductance in the output load circuit.
At time t3, when the On/Off pin is re-asserted (enabled),
the BusQor module output begins to build up after the
inhibit period of 250 ms typical has elapsed.
Refer to the Control Features section of the data sheet
for details on enabling and disabling methods for Bus Qor
modules.
Thermal Derating Test Setup
The curves showing the derating of output current
and power as a function of the base plate temperature
temperature, are taken with the oven setup shown in Fig.
G. The converter module is soldered to a carrier PCB that
is mounted horizontally within an oven. The carrier PCB is
a four layer 4 oz PCB. A large aluminum heatsink (thermal
grease is applied between the base plate and the heatsink
interface to minimize the thermal impedance) is attached to
the baseplate to keep the baseplate temperature constant
during thermal testing. A small hole is drilled through the
heatsink in order to attach a thermocouple to the baseplate
of the DTU. Additional thermocouples are attached to
the hottest components before base plating to monitor
the internal temperature of all of the critical components
during testing. The oven temperature is controlled so as
to keep the base plate temperature to the desired value.
The base plate temperature is kept at 100 oC or below for
all conditions. If the temperature of an internal component
exceeds 125 oC, the output current (power level) is reduced
so as to keep the temperature of all internal components
below 125 oC.
Vin
Heat Sink
UVLO
Thermocouple
DUT
On/Off
Test PCB
(N logic)
OFF
ON
t0
t1
t2
t
t3
Vout
Thermal Chamber
Figure G: Thermal chamber setup for derating curves.
Initial
Start-up
Inhibit
Start-up
Inhibit
Time
Start-Up
Figure F: Power Up/Down Diagram (not to scale) showing Start-Up Inhibit Period
Product # BQ4H136HTx80
Phone 1-888-567-9596
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006546 Rev. A
08/04/15
Page 12
Input: 230-400V
Output: 13.6V
Current: 80A
Package: Half-brick
Applications Section
385 Vin
20.0%
Deviation from 50/50 Sharing (%)
Current Sharing: BusQor modules are designed to operate
in parallel without the use of any external current share
circuitry. A typical (recommended) circuit for paralleling two
BusQor modules is shown in Figure I. An output capacitor
is recommended across each module and located close
to the converter for optimum filtering and noise control
performance. Dedicated input inductors are recommended
but are considered optional. Input capacitors must be
located close to the converter module. PCB layout in the
input circuit should be such that high frequency ripple
currents of each module is restricted to a loop formed by
the input capacitors and the input terminals of the BusQor
module. See Figure I for details on PCB layout. Contact
SynQor application engineering for further assistance on
PCB trace design.
The current share performance of two paralleled modules
is illustrated in the graph in Figure H. In this graph the
percent deviation from ideal sharing (50%) is plotted for
each module versus the total output load current at 385
Vin. Two BQ4H Bus Qor’s will share within 10% at higher
loads. The current share accuracy is affected by changes in
the gate drive timing as a function of load. The gate drive
timing is adjusted as a function of load to better optimize
the product efficiency over line and load (performance).
15.0%
10.0%
5.0%
0.0%
-5.0%
-10.0%
Module 1
-15.0%
Module 2
-20.0%
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100 110 120 130 140 150
Total Load Current (A)
Figure H: Typical current share performance of 2 paralleled modules
BusQor module
CM EMI
filter
(Not shown
in Figure H)
Bulk
Cap
BusQor module
Input LC filters
Figure I: Recommended physical implementation of two Bus Qor's in parallel.
Product # BQ4H136HTx80
Phone 1-888-567-9596
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006546 Rev. A
08/04/15
Page 13
Input: 230-400V
Output: 13.6V
Current: 80A
Package: Half-brick
Ordering Information
Part Numbering System
Ordering Information
The part numbering system for SynQor’s dc-dc converters follows the format
shown in the example below.
The tables below show the valid model numbers and ordering options for
converters in this product family. When ordering SynQor converters, please
ensure that you use the complete 15 character part number consisting of
the 12 character base part number and the additional characters for options.
Add “-G” to the model number for 6/6 RoHS compliance.
BQ 4 H 1 3 6 H T C 8 0 N R S - G
6/6 RoHS
Options
(see
Ordering Information)
Model Number
Input Voltage
BQ4H136HTx80xyz-G
230-400V
Output
Voltage
13.6V
Max Output
Current
80A
Output Current
Thermal Design
Performance Level
Package Size
The following options must be included in place of the w x y z spaces in the
model numbers listed above.
Output Voltage
Input Voltage
Product Family
Thermal Design
The first 12 characters comprise the base part number and the last 3
characters indicate available options. The “-G” suffix indicates 6/6 RoHS
compliance.
Application Notes
Options Description: w x y z
Enable Logic
Pin Style
C - Encased with
Threaded
Baseplate
D - Encased with
N - Negative
Non-Threaded
Baseplate
V - Encased with
Flanged Baseplate
R - 0.180"
Feature Set
S -Standard
A variety of application notes and technical white papers can be downloaded
in pdf format from our website.
RoHS Compliance: The EU led RoHS (Restriction of Hazardous
Substances) Directive bans the use of Lead, Cadmium, Hexavalent
Chromium, Mercury, Polybrominated Biphenyls (PBB), and Polybrominated
Diphenyl Ether (PBDE) in Electrical and Electronic Equipment. This SynQor
product is 6/6 RoHS compliant. For more information please refer to
SynQor’s RoHS addendum available at our RoHS Compliance / Lead Free
Initiative web page or e-mail us at [email protected]
Not all combinations make valid part numbers, please contact SynQor for
availability.
Contact SynQor for further information and to order:
PATENTS
Phone:
Toll Free:
Fax:
E-mail:
Web:
Address:
Product # BQ4H136HTx80
978-849-0600
888-567-9596
978-849-0602
[email protected]
www.synqor.com
155 Swanson Road
Boxborough, MA 01719
USA
Phone 1-888-567-9596
SynQor holds numerous U.S. patents, one or more of which apply to most of its power converter
products. Any that apply to the product(s) listed in this document are identified by markings on
the product(s) or on internal components of the product(s) in accordance with U.S. patent laws.
SynQor’s patents include the following:
5,999,417
6,222,742
6,545,890
6,594,159
6,731,520
6,894,468
6,896,526
6,927,987
7,050,309
7,072,190
7,085,146
7,119,524
7,269,034
7,272,021
7,272,023
7,558,083
7,564,702
7,765,687
7,787,261
8,023,290
8,149,597
8,493,751
8,644,027
WARRANTY
SynQor offers a three (3) year limited warranty. Complete warranty
information is listed on our website or is available upon request from SynQor.
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006546 Rev. A
08/04/15
Page 14