30A - SynQor

Technical
Specification
IQ2HxxxQTXxx
90-210 V
250 V
3.3-48 V
150 W
3000 V
Quarter-brick
Outputs
Max Power
REINFORCED Insulation
DC-DC Converter
Continuous Input Transient Input
The InQor Quarter-brick converter series is composed
of next-generation, board-mountable, REINFORCED
INSULATED, fixed switching frequency dc-dc converters
that use synchronous rectification to achieve extremely
high power conversion efficiency. Each module is supplied
completely encased to provide protection from the harsh
environments seen in many industrial and transportation
applications.
IQ
-G
.35
@5
High efficiency, up to 91%
Delivers full power with minimal derating
Operating input voltage range: 90-210 V
Fixed frequency switching provides predictable EMI
No minimum load requirement
Protection Features
Mechanical Features
•
•
•
•
NRS
T
ON
28V OU
DC C
N
DC10 V I
90-2
Operational Features
•
•
•
•
•
5
TC0
R
80Q
2 H 2 VERTE
Industry standard Quarter-brick pin-out configuration
Size: 2.386" x 1.536" x 0.500" (60.60 x 39.01 x 12.70 mm)
Total weight: 2.9 oz. (84 g)
Flanged baseplate version available
•
•
•
•
•
Input under-voltage lockout
Output current limit and short circuit protection
Output over-voltage protection
Active back drive current limit
Thermal shutdown
Control Features
• On/Off control referenced to input side
• Remote sense for improved output voltage control
• Wide output voltage trim range
Safety Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Reinforced Insulation
Input-to-output isolation 3000V
UL 60950-1/R:2011-12
CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 60950-1/A1:2011
EN60950-1:2006/A2:2013
CE Marked
RoHS compliant (see last page)
Product # IQ2HxxxQTXxx
Phone 1-888-567-9596
CONTENTS
Page No.
Family Electrical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
5Vout Electrical Characteristics & Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
28Vout Electrical Characteristics & Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
48Vout Electrical Characteristics & Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Application Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Standards & Qualification Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Standard Mechanical Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Flanged Mechanical Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Ordering Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006343 Rev. A
05/28/15
Page 1
Technical
Specification
IQ2HxxxQTXxx
IQ2H Family Electrical Characteristics (all output voltages)
Ta = 25 °C, airflow rate = 300 LFM, Vin = 150 Vdc unless otherwise noted; full operating temperature range is -40 °C to +100 °C baseplate temperature
with appropriate power derating. Specifications subject to change without notice.
Parameter
Min.
Typ.
Max.
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Input Voltage
Non-Operating
-0.5
250
Operating
90
210
Operating Transient
250
Isolation Voltage
Input to Output
3000
Input to Baseplate
3000
Output to Baseplate
3000
Operating Temperature
-40
100
Storage Temperature
-45
125
Voltage at ON/OFF input pin
-2
18
INPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Operating Input Voltage Range
90
150
210
Input Under-Voltage Lockout
Turn-On Voltage Threshold
78.0
82.0
87.0
Turn-Off Voltage Threshold
71.0
77
83.0
Lockout Voltage Hysteresis
5.0
Recommended External Input Capacitance
8
Input Filter Component Values (L\C)
4.7\1.2
DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS
Turn-On Transient
Turn-On Time (from enable)
11
Start-Up Inhibit Time
180
200
220
Output Voltage Overshoot
0
ISOLATION CHARACTERISTICS
Isolation Voltage (dielectric strength)
Isolation Resistance
100
Isolation Capacitance (input to output)
1000
TEMPERATURE LIMITS FOR POWER DERATING CURVES
Semiconductor Junction Temperature
125
PCB Temperature
125
Transformer Temperature
125
Maximum Baseplate Temperature, Tb
100
FEATURE CHARACTERISTICS
Switching Frequency
283
310
337
ON/OFF Control
Off-State Voltage
2.4
18
On-State Voltage
-2
0.8
ON/OFF Control
Pull-Up Voltage
5
Pull-Up Resistance
50
Over-Temperature Shutdown OTP Trip Point
125
Over-Temperature Shutdown Restart Hysteresis
10
RELIABILITY CHARACTERISTICS
Calculated MTBF (Telcordia) TR-NWT-000332
1.44
Calculated MTBF (MIL-217) MIL-HDBK-217F
1.20
Field Demonstrated MTBF
Note 1: Higher values of isolation capacitance can be added externally to the module.
Note 2: See “Input System Instability” in the Application Considerations section.
Product # IQ2HxxxQTXxx
Phone 1-888-567-9596
www.synqor.com
Units Notes & Conditions
V
V
V
Continuous
Continuous
Reinforced insulation
Vdc
Vdc
Vdc
°C
°C
V
Baseplate temperature
V
V
V
V
µF
µH\µF
Typical ESR 2 Ω; see Note 2
Internal values; see Figure D
ms
ms
%
Full load, Vout=90 % nom.
Figure E
Maximum Output Capacitance
See Absolute Maximum Ratings
MΩ
pF
See Note 1
°C
°C
°C
°C
Package rated to 150 °C
UL rated max operating temp 130 °C
kHz
Isolation stage switching freq. is half this
V
Application notes Figures A & B
V
kΩ
°C
°C
Average PCB Temperature
106 Hrs. Tb = 70 °C
106 Hrs. Tb = 70 °C
106 Hrs. See our website for details
Doc.# 005-0006343 Rev. A
05/28/15
Page 2
Technical
Specification
IQ2HxxxQTXxx
Family Figures (all output voltages)
120
Typical Current Limit Inception Point
Nominal Vout
Output Voltage (%)
100
80
Current Limit Shutdown Voltage
60
40
Vin min
Vin nom
20
Vin max
0
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100 110 120 130 140 150
Load Current (%)
Common Figure 1: Typical startup waveform. Input voltage pre-applied, ON/
OFF Pin on Ch 2.
Common Figure 2: Output voltage vs. load current showing typical current limit
curves and converter shutdown points.
100,000.0
5V
10,000.0
12 V
15 V
24 V
Trim Resistance (kOhms)
Trim Resistance (kOhms)
100,000.0
1,000.0
100.0
28 V
48 V
10,000.0
1,000.0
10.0
100.0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
0
1
2
3
Increase in Vout (%)
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Increase in Vout (%)
Common Figure 3: Trim graph for trim-up 5.0 to 15 V outputs.
Common Figure 4: Trim graph for trim-up 24 to 48 V outputs.
11
10,000.0
10
9
8
1,000.0
7
Trim up %
Trim Resistance (kOhms)
All voltages
100.0
6
Trim up Vs Vin
5
4
3
2
1
10.0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
0
Decrease in Vout (%)
Common Figure 5: Trim graph for trim down.
Product # IQ2HxxxQTXxx
Phone 1-888-567-9596
90
110
130
150
Vin (V)
170
190
210
Common Figure 6: Trim up vs. Input voltage.
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006343 Rev. A
05/28/15
Page 3
Input:90-210 V
Output:5 V
Current:30 A
Part No.:IQ2H050QTC30
Technical Specification
IQ2H050QTC30 Electrical Characteristics (5 Vout)
Ta = 25 °C, airflow rate = 300 LFM, Vin = 150 Vdc unless otherwise noted; full operating temperature range is -40 °C to +100 °C baseplate temperature
with appropriate power derating. Specifications subject to change without notice.
Parameter
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units Notes & Conditions
2.5
A
200
250
mA
4
6
mA
INPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Maximum Input Current
No-Load Input Current (enabled)
Disabled Input Current
Response to Input Transient
0.1
V
Input Terminal Ripple Current
100
mA
Recommended Input Fuse
3
A
5.000
5.050
V
±0.1
±0.3
%
±0.1
Vin min; trim up; in current limit
See Figure 6
RMS
Fast acting fuse recommended; see Note 3
OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Output Voltage Set Point
4.950
Output Voltage Regulation
Over Line
Over Load
Over Temperature
Total Output Voltage Range
±0.3
%
-75
75
mV
4.875
5.125
V
105
210
mV
Full load
18
40
mV
Full load
30
A
Subject to thermal derating
39.0
A
Output voltage 10 % Low
Output Voltage Ripple and Noise
Over sample, line, load, temperature & life
20 MHz bandwidth; see Note 1
Peak-to-Peak
RMS
Operating Output Current Range
0
Output DC Current Limit Inception
33.0
36.0
Output DC Current Limit Shutdown Voltage
2.5
V
Back-Drive Current Limit while Enabled
0.6
A
Negative current drawn from output pins
Back-Drive Current Limit while Disabled
15
mA
Negative current drawn from output pins
µF
Vout nominal at full load (resistive load)
Maximum Output Capacitance
8,000
Output Voltage during Load Current Transient
Step Change in Output Current (0.1 A/µs)
100
mV
50 % to 75 % to 50 % Iout max; see Fig. 5
Settling Time
400
µs
To within 1 % Vout nom; see Fig. 5
10
%
Across Pins 8 & 4; Common Figures 3-6; see Note 2
10
%
Across Pins 8 & 4
6.4
V
Over full temp range
%
See Figure 1 for efficiency curve
Output Voltage Trim Range
-20
Output Voltage Remote Sense Range
Output Over-Voltage Protection
5.8
6.1
EFFICIENCY
100 % Load
88
50 % Load
86
%
See Figure 1 for efficiency curve
Note 1: Output is terminated with 1 µF ceramic and 15 µF low-ESR tantalum capacitors. For applications requiring reduced output voltage ripple and
noise, consult SynQor applications support (e-mail: [email protected])
Note 2: Trim-up range is limited below 10% at low line and full load.
Note 3: Safety certification requires the use of a fuse rated at or below this value.
Product # IQ2HxxxQTXxx
Phone 1-888-567-9596
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006343 Rev. A
05/28/15
Page 4
Input:90-210 V
Output:5 V
Current:30 A
Part No.:IQ2H050QTC30
Technical Specification
90
24
22
20
Power Dissipation (W)
Efficiency (%)
85
80
75
70
90Vin
65
0.0
5.0
10.0
15.0
20.0
16
14
12
10
8
90Vin
6
150 Vin
150 Vin
4
210 Vin
60
18
25.0
2
30.0
210 Vin
0.0
5.0
10.0
Figure 1: Efficiency at nominal output voltage vs. load current for minimum,
nominal, and maximum input voltage at 25 °C.
20.0
25.0
30.0
Figure 2: Power dissipation at nominal output voltage vs. load current for
minimum, nominal, and maximum input voltage at 25 °C.
35
35
30
30
25
25
20
Iout (A)
Iout (A)
15.0
Load Current (A)
Load Current (A)
15
10
20
15
10
5
400 LFM (2.0 m/s)
300 LFM (1.5 m/s)
5
200 LFM (1.0 m/s)
0
100 LFM (0.5 m/s)
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
0
105
Baseplate Temperature (°C)
25
40
50
60
70
85
Ambient Air Temperature (°C)
Figure 3: Maximum load current vs. baseplate temperature when conductively
cooled. Note: The system design must provide a suitable thermal path that
maintains the baseplate temperature below 100 °C.
Figure 4: Encased converter (with 1/2” heatsink) max. output power derating
vs. ambient air temperature for airflow rates of 100 LFM through 400 LFM. Air
flows across the converter from input to output (nominal input voltage).
Figure 5: Output voltage response to step-change in load current (50 % -75 %
-50 % of Iout(max); dI/dt = 0.1 A/µs. Load cap: 15 µF tantalum cap and 1 µF
ceramic cap. Ch 1: Vout, Ch 2: Iout (10 A /div).
Figure 6: Output voltage response to step-change in input voltage (1000 V/ms),
at Max. load current.Load cap: 15 µF tantalum cap and 1 µF ceramic cap. Ch 1:
Vout, Ch 2: Vin.
Product # IQ2HxxxQTXxx
Phone 1-888-567-9596
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006343 Rev. A
05/28/15
Page 5
Input:90-210 V
Output:28 V
Current:5.35 A
Part No.:IQ2H280QTC05
Technical Specification
IQ2H280QTC05 Electrical Characteristics (28 Vout)
Ta = 25 °C, airflow rate = 300 LFM, Vin = 150 Vdc unless otherwise noted; full operating temperature range is -40 °C to +100 °C baseplate temperature
with appropriate power derating. Specifications subject to change without notice.
Parameter
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units Notes & Conditions
2.5
A
200
250
mA
4
6
mA
INPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Maximum Input Current
No-Load Input Current (enabled)
Disabled Input Current
Response to Input Transient
0.2
V
Input Terminal Ripple Current
190
mA
Recommended Input Fuse
3
A
28.00
28.28
V
±0.1
±0.3
%
±0.1
Vin min; trim up; in current limit
See Figure 6
RMS
Fast acting fuse recommended; see Note 3
OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Output Voltage Set Point
27.72
Output Voltage Regulation
Over Line
Over Load
Over Temperature
Total Output Voltage Range
±0.3
%
-420
420
mV
27.30
28.70
V
350
mV
Full load
Full load
Output Voltage Ripple and Noise
Over sample, line, load, temperature & life
20 MHz bandwidth; see Note 1
Peak-to-Peak
175
RMS
40
Operating Output Current Range
0
Output DC Current Limit Inception
6.10
6.80
80
mV
5.35
A
Subject to thermal derating
7.50
A
Output voltage 10 % Low
Output DC Current Limit Shutdown Voltage
22
V
Back-Drive Current Limit while Enabled
0.3
A
Negative current drawn from output pins
Back-Drive Current Limit while Disabled
15
mA
Negative current drawn from output pins
µF
Vout nominal at full load (resistive load)
Maximum Output Capacitance
500
Output Voltage during Load Current Transient
Step Change in Output Current (0.1 A/µs)
600
mV
50 % to 75 % to 50 % Iout max; see Fig. 5
Settling Time
400
µs
To within 1 % Vout nom; see Fig. 5
10
%
Across Pins 8 & 4; Common Figures 3-6; see Note 2
10
%
Across Pins 8 & 4
35.6
V
Over full temp range
%
See Figure 1 for efficiency curve
Output Voltage Trim Range
-20
Output Voltage Remote Sense Range
Output Over-Voltage Protection
32.8
34.2
EFFICIENCY
100 % Load
91
50 % Load
90
%
See Figure 1 for efficiency curve
Note 1: Output is terminated with 1 µF ceramic capacitor. For applications requiring reduced output voltage ripple and noise, consult SynQor applications
support (e-mail: [email protected])
Note 2: Trim-up range is limited below 10% at low line and full load.
Note 3: Safety certification requires the use of a fuse rated at or below this value.
Product # IQ2HxxxQTXxx
Phone 1-888-567-9596
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006343 Rev. A
05/28/15
Page 6
Input:90-210 V
Output:28 V
Current:5.35 A
Part No.:IQ2H280QTC05
Technical Specification
95
18
16
90
14
Power Dissipation (W)
Efficiency (%)
85
80
75
70
90Vin
150 Vin
65
0.0
0.4
0.8
1.2
1.6
2.0
2.4
2.8
3.2
3.6
4.0
4.4
4.8
10
8
6
4
90Vin
150 Vin
2
210 Vin
60
12
0
5.2
210 Vin
0.0
0.4
0.8
1.2
1.6
Figure 1: Efficiency at nominal output voltage vs. load current for minimum,
nominal, and maximum input voltage at 25 °C.
2.4
2.8
3.2
3.6
4.0
4.4
4.8
5.2
Figure 2: Power dissipation at nominal output voltage vs. load current for
minimum, nominal, and maximum input voltage at 25 °C.
6
6.0
5
5.0
4
4.0
Iout (A)
Iout (A)
2.0
Load Current (A)
Load Current (A)
3
2
3.0
2.0
1
400 LFM (2.0 m/s)
300 LFM (1.5 m/s)
1.0
200 LFM (1.0 m/s)
0
100 LFM (0.5 m/s)
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
0.0
105
Baseplate Temperature (°C)
25
40
55
70
85
Ambient Air Temperature (°C)
Figure 3: Maximum load current vs. baseplate temperature when conductively
cooled. Note: The system design must provide a suitable thermal path that
maintains the baseplate temperature below 100 °C.
Figure 4: Encased converter (with 1/2” heatsink) max. output power derating
vs. ambient air temperature for airflow rates of 100 LFM through 400 LFM. Air
flows across the converter from input to output (nominal input voltage).
Figure 5: Output voltage response to step-change in load current (50 % -75 %
-50 % of Iout(max); dI/dt = 0.1 A/µs. Load cap: 1 µF ceramic cap. Ch 1: Vout,
Ch 2: Iout (2.5 A/div).
Figure 6: Output voltage response to step-change in input voltage (1000 V/ms),
at Max. load current. Load cap: 1 µF ceramic cap. Ch 1: Vout, Ch 2: Vin.
Product # IQ2HxxxQTXxx
Phone 1-888-567-9596
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006343 Rev. A
05/28/15
Page 7
Input:90-210 V
Output:48 V
Current:3.125 A
Part No.:IQ2H480QTC03
Technical Specification
IQ2H480QTC03 Electrical Characteristics (48 Vout)
Ta = 25 °C, airflow rate = 300 LFM, Vin = 150 Vdc unless otherwise noted; full operating temperature range is -40 °C to +100 °C baseplate temperature
with appropriate power derating. Specifications subject to change without notice.
Parameter
Min.
INPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Maximum Input Current
No-Load Input Current (enabled)
Disabled Input Current
Response to Input Transient
Input Terminal Ripple Current
Recommended Input Fuse
OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Output Voltage Set Point
Output Voltage Regulation
Over Line
Over Load
Over Temperature
Total Output Voltage Range
Output Voltage Ripple and Noise
Peak-to-Peak
RMS
Operating Output Current Range
Output DC Current Limit Inception
Output DC Current Limit Shutdown Voltage
Back-Drive Current Limit while Enabled
Back-Drive Current Limit while Disabled
Maximum Output Capacitance
Output Voltage during Load Current Transient
Step Change in Output Current (0.1 A/µs)
Settling Time
Output Voltage Trim Range
Typ.
Max.
Units
2.5
250
6
3
A
mA
mA
V
mA
A
48.00
48.48
V
±0.1
±0.1
±0.3
±0.3
720
49.20
%
%
mV
V
300
40
3.125
4.1
mV
mV
A
A
V
A
mA
µF
200
4
0.5
370
47.52
-720
46.80
150
20
0
3.4
3.9
35
0.25
15
250
850
500
-20
mV
µs
10
%
Output Voltage Remote Sense Range
10
Output Over-Voltage Protection
54.0
60.0
66.0
EFFICIENCY
100 % Load
90
50 % Load
89
Note 1: Output is terminated with 1 µF ceramic capacitor. For applications requiring reduced
applications support (e-mail: [email protected])
Note 2: Trim-up range is limited below 10% at low line and full load.
Note 3: Safety certification requires the use of a fuse rated at or below this value.
Product # IQ2HxxxQTXxx
Phone 1-888-567-9596
www.synqor.com
%
V
Notes & Conditions
Vin min; trim up; in current limit
See Figure 6
RMS
Fast acting fuse recommended; see Note 3
Over sample, line, load, temperature & life
20 MHz bandwidth; see Note 1
Full load
Full load
Subject to thermal derating
Output voltage 10 % Low
Negative current drawn from output pins
Negative current drawn from output pins
Vout nominal at full load (resistive load)
50 % to 75 % to 50 % Iout max; see Fig. 5
To within 1 % Vout nom; see Fig. 5
Across Pins 8 & 4; Common Figures 3-6; see
Note 2
Across Pins 8 & 4
Over full temp range
%
See Figure 1 for efficiency curve
%
See Figure 1 for efficiency curve
output voltage ripple and noise, consult SynQor
Doc.# 005-0006343 Rev. A
05/28/15
Page 8
Input:90-210 V
Output:48 V
Current:3.125 A
Part No.:IQ2H480QTC03
Technical Specification
95
16
90
Power Dissipation (W)
Efficiency (%)
85
80
75
70
90Vin
12
8
4
90Vin
150 Vin
65
150 Vin
210 Vin
60
0.0
0.3
0.6
0.9
1.2
1.5
1.8
2.1
2.4
2.7
210 Vin
0
3.0
0.0
0.3
0.6
0.9
Figure 1: Efficiency at nominal output voltage vs. load current for minimum,
nominal, and maximum input voltage at 25 °C.
1.5
1.8
2.1
2.4
2.7
3.0
Figure 2: Power dissipation at nominal output voltage vs. load current for
minimum, nominal, and maximum input voltage at 25 °C.
3.5
3.5
3
3.0
2.5
2.5
2
Iout (A)
Iout (A)
1.2
Load Current (A)
Load Current (A)
1.5
1
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5
400 LFM (2.0 m/s)
300 LFM (1.5 m/s)
0.5
200 LFM (1.0 m/s)
0
100 LFM (0.5 m/s)
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
0.0
105
Baseplate Temperature (°C)
25
40
55
70
85
Ambient Air Temperature (°C)
Figure 3: Maximum load current vs. baseplate temperature when conductively
cooled. Note: The system design must provide a suitable thermal path that
maintains the baseplate temperature below 100 °C.
Figure 4: Encased converter (with 1/2” heatsink) max. output power derating
vs. ambient air temperature for airflow rates of 100 LFM through 400 LFM. Air
flows across the converter from input to output (nominal input voltage).
Figure 5: Output voltage response to step-change in load current (50 % -75 %
-50 % of Iout(max); dI/dt = 0.1 A/µs. Load cap: 1 µF ceramic cap. Ch 1: Vout,
Ch 2: Iout (1 A/div).
Figure 6: Output voltage response to step-change in input voltage (1000 V/ms),
at Max. load current. Load cap: 1 µF ceramic cap.Ch 1: Vout, Ch 2: Vin.
Product # IQ2HxxxQTXxx
Phone 1-888-567-9596
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006343 Rev. A
05/28/15
Page 9
Technical
Specification
IQ2HxxxQTXxx
Application Section
BASIC OPERATION AND FEATURES
This converter series uses a two-stage power
topology. The first stage is a buck-converter that
output voltage constant over variations in line,
temperature. The second stage uses a transformer
the functions of input/output isolation and voltage
step-down to achieve the output voltage required.
conversion
keeps the
load, and
to provide
step-up or
5V
50k
ON/OFF
Both the first stage and the second stage switch at a fixed
frequency for predictable EMI performance. Rectification of the
transformer’s output is accomplished with synchronous rectifiers.
These devices, which are MOSFETs with a very low on-state
resistance, dissipate far less energy than Schottky diodes. This
is the primary reason that the converter has such high efficiency.
These converters are offered totally encased to withstand harsh
environments and thermally demanding applications. Dissipation
throughout the converter is so low that it does not require a
heatsink for operation in many applications; however, adding
a heatsink provides improved thermal derating performance in
demanding applications.
This series of converters use the industry standard footprint and
pin-out configuration.
TTL
100pF
Vin(-)
Figure B: Internal ON/OFF pin circuitry
REMOTE SENSE(+) (Pins 7 and 5): The SENSE(+) inputs
correct for voltage drops along the conductors that connect the
converter’s output pins to the load.
Pin 7 should be connected to Vout(+) and Pin 5 should be
connected to Vout(-) at the point on the load where regulation is
desired. A remote connection at the load can adjust for a voltage
drop only as large as that specified in this datasheet, that is
[Vout(+) - Vout(-)] – [Vsense(+) - Vsense(-)] <
CONTROL FEATURES
Sense Range % x Vout
REMOTE ON/OFF (Pin 2): The ON/OFF input, Pin 2, permits
the user to control when the converter is on or off. This input
is referenced to the return terminal of the input bus, Vin(-).
The ON/OFF signal is active low (meaning that a low turns the
converter on). Figure A details four possible circuits for driving
the ON/OFF pin. Figure B is a detailed look of the internal ON/
OFF circuitry.
ON/OFF
ON/OFF
Sense Range % = Trim-up Range % (usually 10 %)
Pins 7 and 5 must be connected for proper regulation of
the output voltage. If these connections are not made, the
converter will deliver an output voltage that is slightly higher
than its specified value.
Note: the output over-voltage protection circuit senses the
voltage across the output (pins 8 and 4) to determine when
it should trigger, not the voltage across the converter’s sense
leads (pins 7 and 5). Therefore, the resistive drop on the board
should be small enough so that output OVP does not trigger,
even during load transients.
Vin(_)
Vin(_)
Remote Enable Circuit
50k
Negative Logic
(Permanently Enabled)
5V
ON/OFF
TTL/
CMOS
ON/OFF
Vin(_)
Vin(_ )
Open Collector Enable Circuit
Direct Logic Drive
Figure A: Various circuits for driving the ON/OFF pin.
Product # IQ2HxxxQTXxx
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Doc.# 005-0006343 Rev. A
05/28/15
Page 10
Technical
Specification
IQ2HxxxQTXxx
Application Section
OUTPUT VOLTAGE TRIM (Pin 6): The TRIM input permits the
user to adjust the output voltage across the sense leads up or
down according to the trim range specifications.
To decrease the output voltage, the user should connect a
resistor between Pin 6 and Pin 5 (SENSE(-) input). For a desired
decrease of the nominal output voltage, the value of the resistor
should be
Rtrim-down =
- 10.22
(511
D% )
[kW]
where
D% =
Vnominal – Vdesired
Vnominal
x 100[%]
To increase the output voltage, the user should connect a
resistor between Pin 6 and Pin 7 (SENSE(+) input). For a desired
increase of the nominal output voltage, the value of the resistor
should be
Rtrim-up =
where
(
5.11VOUT x (100+D%)
1.225D%
_ 511 _ 10.22
D%
)
[kW]
Vout = Nominal Output Voltage
Trim graphs show the relationship between the trim resistor
value Rtrim-up and Rtrim-down, showing the total range the
output voltage can be trimmed up or down.
Note: the TRIM feature does not affect the voltage at which the
output over-voltage protection circuit is triggered. Trimming the
output voltage too high may cause the over-voltage protection
circuit to engage, particularly during transients.
Do not add decoupling capacitance at the Trim pin.
The node is internally bypassed to eliminate noise.
Total DC Variation of VOUT: For the converter to meet
its full specifications, the maximum variation of the dc value
of Vout, due to both trimming and remote sensing voltage
drops, should not be greater than that specified for the output
voltage trim range.
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PROTECTION FEATURES
Input Under-Voltage Lockout: The converter is designed
to turn off when the input voltage is too low, helping avoid an
input system instability problem, described in more detail in
the application note titled “Input System Instability” on our
website. The lockout circuitry is a comparator with dc hysteresis.
When the input voltage is rising, it must exceed the typical TurnOn Voltage Threshold value (listed on the specifications page)
before the converter will turn on. Once the converter is on,
the input voltage must fall below the typical Turn-Off Voltage
Threshold value before the converter will turn off.
Output Current Limit: The maximum current limit remains
constant as the output voltage drops. However, once the output
voltage drops below the specified Output DC Current-Limit
Shutdown Voltage, the converter turns off.
The converter then enters a “hiccup mode” where it repeatedly
turns on and off at a 5 Hz (nominal) frequency with a 5 % duty
cycle until the overload is removed. This prevents excessive
heating of the converter or the system board.
Output Over-Voltage Limit: If the voltage across the output
pins exceeds the Output Over-Voltage Protection threshold, the
converter will immediately stop switching. This prevents damage
to the load circuit due to 1) excessive series resistance in output
current path from converter output pins to sense point, 2) a
release of a overload condition, or 3) a release of a current limit
condition. Load capacitance determines exactly how high the
output voltage will rise in response to these conditions. After 200
ms the converter will automatically restart.
Over-Temperature Shutdown: A temperature sensor on
the internal converter PCB senses the average temperature of
the module. The thermal shutdown circuit is designed to turn
the converter off when the temperature at the sensed location
reaches the Over-Temperature Shutdown value. It will allow the
converter to turn on again when the temperature of the sensed
location falls by the amount of the Over-Temperature Shutdown
Restart Hysteresis value.
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Doc.# 005-0006343 Rev. A
05/28/15
Page 11
Technical
Specification
IQ2HxxxQTXxx
Application Section
APPLICATION CONSIDERATIONS
Input System Instability: This condition can occur because
any dc-dc converter appears incrementally as a negative
resistance load. A detailed application note titled “Input System
Instability” is available on the SynQor website which provides
an understanding of why this instability arises, and shows the
preferred solution for correcting it. The Electrical Characteristics
Table indicates a “Recommended External Input Capacitance”.
The value needed for that capacitance and ESR can vary based
on application parameters. Input stability can be evaluated
using our “Stability Calculator” tool in the Technical Support
section of our website www.synqor.com.
Application Circuits: Figure C provides a typical circuit diagram
which details the input filtering and voltage trimming.
Vin(+)
External
Input
Filter
Vin
Electrolytic
Capacitor
Vout(+)
Vsense(+)
ON/OFF
Trim
Vsense(_)
Vin(_)
Rtrim-up
or
Rtrim-down
Cload
Iload
Vout(_)
Figure C: Typical application circuit (negative logic unit, permanently enabled).
Input Filtering and External Capacitance: Figure D provides
a diagram showing the internal input filter components. This filter
dramatically reduces input terminal ripple current, which otherwise
could exceed the rating of an external electrolytic input capacitor.
The recommended external input capacitance is specified in the
Input Characteristics section on the Electrical Characteristics
page. The input capacitance need not exactly match the specified
value. More detailed information is available in the application note
titled “EMI Characteristics” on the SynQor website.
L
Vin(+)
C
Vin(_)
Figure D: Internal Input Filter Diagram (component values listed on the input characteristics page).
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Page 12
Technical
Specification
IQ2HxxxQTXxx
Application Section
Startup Inhibit Period: The Startup Inhibit Period ensures that
the converter will remain off for approximately 200 ms when it is
shut down for any reason. When an output short is present, this
generates a 5 Hz “hiccup mode,” which prevents the converter
from overheating. In all, there are seven ways that the converter
can be shut down, initiating a Startup Inhibit Period:
• InputUnder-VoltageLockout
When the ON/OFF pin goes low after t2, and the Startup Inhibit
Period has elapsed, and the output turns on within the typical
Turn-On Time.
Thermal Considerations: The maximum operating baseplate
temperature, TB, is 100 ºC. As long as the user’s thermal system
keeps TB < 100 ºC, the converter can deliver its full rated power.
A power derating curve can be calculated for any heatsink that is
attached to the baseplate of the converter. It is only necessary to
determine the thermal resistance, RTHBA, of the chosen heatsink
between the baseplate and the ambient air for a given airflow
rate. This information is available from the heatsink vendor. The
following formula can then be used to determine the maximum
power the converter can dissipate for a given thermal condition if
its baseplate is to be no higher than 100 ºC.
• InputOver-VoltageShutdown
• OutputOver-VoltageProtection
• OverTemperatureShutdown
• CurrentLimit(whenVoutisbelowshutdownvoltage)
• ShortCircuitProtection
• TurnedoffbytheON/OFFinput
Figure E shows three turn-on scenarios, where a Startup Inhibit
Period is initiated at t0, t1, and t2:
Before time t0, when the input voltage is below the UVL threshold,
the unit is disabled by the Input Under-Voltage Lockout (UVL)
feature. When the input voltage rises above the UVL threshold,
the Input Under-Voltage Lockout is released, and a Startup Inhibit
Period is initiated. At the end of this delay, the ON/OFF pin is
evaluated, and since it is active, the unit turns on.
At time t1, the unit is disabled by the ON/OFF pin, and it cannot
be enabled again until the Startup Inhibit Period has elapsed.
max
Pdiss =
100 ºC - TA
RTHBA
This value of power dissipation can then be used in conjunction
with the data shown in Figure 2 to determine the maximum load
current (and power) that the converter can deliver in the given
thermal condition.
We recommend that a suitable thermal interface material such as
a thermally conductive pad or grease be used to assure a good
thermal interface between the base plate and the conductive
cooling device.
Vin
Under-Voltage
Lockout TurnOn Threshold
ON/OFF
(neg logic)
ON
OFF ON
OFF
ON
11ms
Vout
(typical turn on time)
200ms
215ms
(initial start-up
inhibit period)
(typical start-up
inhibit period)
t1
t0
200ms
t2
t
Figure E: Startup Inhibit Period (turn-on time not to scale)
Product # IQ2HxxxQTXxx
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05/28/15
Page 13
Technical
Specification
IQ2HxxxQTXxx
Standards & Qualification Testing
Parameter
Notes & Conditions
STANDARDS COMPLIANCE
UL 60950-1/R:2011-12
Reinforced Insulation
CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 60950-1/A1:2011
EN60950-1:2006/A2:2013
CE Marked
IEC 61000-4-2
2006/95/EC Low Voltage Directive
ESD test, 8 kV - NP, 15 kV air - NP (Normal Performance)
Note: An external input fuse must always be used to meet these safety requirements. Contact SynQor for official safety certificates on new
releases or download from the SynQor website.
Parameter
# Units Test Conditions
QUALIFICATION TESTING
Life Test
32
95 % rated Vin and load, units at derating point, 1000 hours
Vibration
5
10-55 Hz sweep, 0.060 " total excursion, 1 min./sweep, 120 sweeps for 3 axis
Mechanical Shock
5
100 g minimum, 2 drops in x, y, and z axis
Temperature Cycling
10
-40 °C to 100 °C, unit temp. ramp 15 °C/min., 500 cycles
Power/Thermal Cycling
5
Toperating = min to max, Vin = min to max, full load, 100 cycles
Design Marginality
5
Tmin-10 °C to Tmax+10 °C, 5 °C steps, Vin = min to max, 0-105 % load
Humidity
5
85 °C, 95 % RH, 1000 hours, continuous Vin applied except 5 min/day
Solderability
15 pins
Altitude
2
MIL-STD-883, method 2003
70,000 feet (21 km), see Note
Note: A conductive cooling design is generally needed for high altitude applications because of naturally poor convective cooling at rare atmospheres.
Product # IQ2HxxxQTXxx
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Doc.# 005-0006343 Rev. A
05/28/15
Page 14
Technical
Specification
IQ2HxxxQTXxx
Standard Mechanical Diagram
1.536 [39.01]
1.030 [26.16]
0.450 [11.43]
SEATING
PLANE HEIGHT
0.500 0.025
[12.7
0.63]
PIN EXTENSION
0.180
[4.57]
0.150 [3.81]
4
5
6
7
8
TOP VIEW
1.860 2.386
[47.24] [60.60]
2.000
[50.80]
0.004 [0.10]
0.08
[2.0]
3
1
0.215
[5.46
0.020
0.50]
0.300 [7.62]
0.600 [15.24]
THREADED INSERT
SEE NOTE 1
(4 PLCS)
NOTES
1)APPLIED TORQUE SHOULD NOT EXCEED 6in-lb (0.7Nm). SCREW
SHOULD NOT EXCEED 0.100" (2.54mm) DEPTH
BELOW THE SURFACE OF THE BASEPLATE.
PIN DESIGNATIONS
Pin
Name
Function
1
+VIN
Positive input voltage
2
ON/OFF
3
–VIN
4
–VOUT
Negative output voltage
5
–SNS
2) BASEPLATE FLATNESS TOLERANCE IS 0.004" (.10mm)
3) PINS 1-3. 5-7 ARE 0.040" (1.02mm) DIA. WITH 0.080"
(2.03mm) DIA. STANDOFFS.
4) PINS 4 AND 8 ARE 0.062" (1.57mm) DIA. WITH 0.100"
(2.54mm) DIA STANDOFFS
5) ALL PINS: MATERIAL: COPPER ALLOY
FINISH: MATTE TIN OVER NICKEL PLATE
6) WEIGHT: 2.9 oz. (84g)
7) ALL DIMENSIONS IN INCHES(mm)
TOLERANCES: X.XXIN +/-0.02 (X.Xmm +/-0.5mm)
X.XXXIN +/-0.010 (X.XXmm +/-0.25mm)
Product # IQ2HxxxQTXxx
1
2
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TTL input to turn converter on and off,
referenced to Vin(–), with internal pull up.
Negative input voltage
6
TRIM
Negative remote sense1
Output voltage trim2
7
+SNS
Positive remote sense3
8
+VOUT
Positive output voltage
Notes:
1)
SENSE(–) should be connected to Vout(–) either remotely
or at the converter.
2)
Leave TRIM pin open for nominal output voltage.
3)
SENSE(+) should be connected to Vout(+) either remotely
or at the converter.
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006343 Rev. A
05/28/15
Page 15
Technical
Specification
IQ2HxxxQTXxx
Flanged Mechanical Diagram
2.200 [55.88]
2.000 [50.80]
1.536 [39.01]
0.450 [11.4]
PIN
EXTENSION
0.180
[4.6]
SEATING
PLANE HEIGHT
.500±.025
[12.7±0.63]
0.150 [3.8]
4 5 6 7 8
0.010 [0.25]
TOP VIEW
2.386
[60.60]
1.300
[33.02]
0.36
[9.1]
2.000
[50.8]
2.066
[52.48]
3
2
1
1
0.70
[17.8]
0.300 [7.6]
FLANGE
THICKNESS
0.125
[3.2]
.130 [3.30]
SEE NOTE 1
(6 PLCS)
0.600 [15.2]
NOTES
PIN DESIGNATIONS
1) APPLIED TORQUE SHOULD NOT EXCEED 6in-lb (0.7Nm)
Pin
Name
Function
1
+VIN
Positive input voltage
2
ON/OFF
3
–VIN
2) BASEPLATE FLATNESS TOLERANCE IS 0.010" (.25mm) TIR FOR
SURFACE.
3) PINS 1-3. 5-7 ARE 0.040" (1.02mm) DIA. WITH 0.080"
(2.03mm) DIA. STANDOFFS.
4) PINS 1-3. 5-7 ARE 0.040" (1.02mm) DIA. WITH 0.080" (2.03mm)
DIA. STANDOFFS.
5) PINS 4 AND 8 ARE 0.062" (1.57mm) DIA. WITH 0.100"
(2.54mm) DIA STANDOFFS
6) ALL PINS: MATERIAL: COPPER ALLOY
FINISH: MATTE TIN OVER NICKEL PLATE
7) WEIGHT: 3.2 oz (90 g)
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Negative input voltage
4
–VOUT
Negative output voltage
5
–SNS
6
TRIM
Negative remote sense1
Output voltage trim2
7
+SNS
Positive remote sense3
8
+VOUT
Positive output voltage
Notes:
1)
SENSE(–) should be connected to Vout(–) either remotely
or at the converter.
8) ALL DIMENSIONS IN INCHES(mm)
TOLERANCES: X.XXIN +/-0.02 (X.Xmm +/-0.5mm)
X.XXXIN +/-0.010 (X.XXmm +/-0.25mm)
Product # IQ2HxxxQTXxx
TTL input to turn converter on and off,
referenced to Vin(–), with internal pull up.
www.synqor.com
2)
Leave TRIM pin open for nominal output voltage.
3)
SENSE(+) should be connected to Vout(+) either remotely
or at the converter.
Doc.# 005-0006343 Rev. A
05/28/15
Page 16
Technical
Specification
IQ2HxxxQTXxx
PART NUMBERING SYSTEM
ORDERING INFORMATION
The part numbering system for SynQor’s dc-dc converters follows the format
shown in the example below.
The tables below show the valid model numbers and ordering options for
converters in this product family. When ordering SynQor converters, please
ensure that you use the complete 15 character part number consisting of
the 12 character base part number and the additional characters for options.
InQor units are only available with 6/6 RoHS compliance indicated by "-G".
IQ 2 H 2 8 0 Q T C 0 5 N R S - G
Options
(see
Ordering Information)
Output Current
Input
Voltage
90-210 V
90-210 V
90-210 V
Model Number
6/6 RoHS
IQ2H050QTw30xyz
IQ2H280QTw05xyz
IQ2H480QTw03xyz
Output
Voltage
5V
28 V
48 V
Max Output
Current
30 A
5.35 A
3.125 A
Thermal Design
Performance Level
Package Size
Output Voltage
Input Voltage
Product Family
The first 12 characters comprise the base part number and the last 3
characters indicate available options. The “-G” suffix indicates 6/6 RoHS
compliance.
Application Notes
A variety of application notes and technical white papers can be downloaded
in pdf format from our website.
The following options must be included in place of the w x y z spaces in the
model numbers listed above.
Thermal Design
w
Options Description
Enable Logic Pin Style
x
y
C - Encased
V - Encased with
Flanged Baseplate
N - Negative
Feature Set
z
R - 0.180"
S - Standard
RoHS Compliance: The EU led RoHS (Restriction of Hazardous
Substances) Directive bans the use of Lead, Cadmium, Hexavalent
Chromium, Mercury, Polybrominated Biphenyls (PBB), and Polybrominated
Diphenyl Ether (PBDE) in Electrical and Electronic Equipment. This SynQor
product is 6/6 RoHS compliant. For more information please refer to
SynQor’s RoHS addendum available at our RoHS Compliance / Lead
Free Initiative web page or e-mail us at [email protected]
Not all combinations make valid part numbers, please contact SynQor for
availability.
Contact SynQor for further information and to order:
PATENTS
Phone:
Toll Free:
Fax:
E-mail:
Web:
Address:
Product # IQ2HxxxQTXxx
978-849-0600
888-567-9596
978-849-0602
[email protected]
www.synqor.com
155 Swanson Road
Boxborough, MA 01719
USA
Phone 1-888-567-9596
SynQor holds numerous U.S. patents, one or more of which apply to most of its power converter
products. Any that apply to the product(s) listed in this document are identified by markings on
the product(s) or on internal components of the product(s) in accordance with U.S. patent laws.
SynQor’s patents include the following:
5,999,417
6,222,742
6,545,890
6,594,159
6,731,520
6,894,468
6,896,526
6,927,987
7,050,309
7,072,190
7,085,146
7,119,524
7,269,034
7,272,021
7,272,023
7,558,083
7,564,702
7,765,687
7,787,261
8,023,290
8,149,597
8,493,751
8,644,027
Warranty
SynQor offers a two (2) year limited warranty. Complete warranty
information is listed on our website or is available upon request from
SynQor.
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006343 Rev. A
05/28/15
Page 17