AN11296 BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband

AN11296
BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband amplifier
application
Rev. 3 — 3 February 2014
Application note
Document information
Info
Content
Keywords
BGA3018, Evaluation board, CATV, Drop amplifier
Abstract
This application note describes the schematic and layout requirements
for using the BGA3018 as a wideband amplifier between 40 MHz and
2600 MHz.
AN11296
NXP Semiconductors
BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband amplifier application
Revision history
Rev
Date
Description
3
20140203
Corrected unit from dBc to dBm at IP2 and IP3 graphs
2
20130614
CSO and CTB data added
1
20130529
First publication
Contact information
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: salesaddresses@nxp.com
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Application note
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Rev. 3 — 3 February 2014
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BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband amplifier application
1. Introduction
The BGA3018 customer evaluation board enables the user to evaluate the performance
of the wideband CATV MMIC amplifier BGA3018.
The BGA3018 performance information is available in the BGA3018 datasheet.
This application note describes the evaluation board schematic and layout requirements
for using the BGA3018 as a wideband amplifier between 40 MHz and 2600 MHz. The
BGA3018 is fabricated in the BiCMOS process and packaged in a lead-free 3-pin SOT89
package. The BGA3018 is surface-mounted on an evaluation board with element
matching and DC decoupling circuitry. The amplifier MMIC comprises a two stage
amplifier with internal bias network designed for a frequency range of 40 MHz to 1006
MHz. By changing the feedback circuit and accepting a lower overall gain the BGA3018
can be used at frequencies up to 2600 MHz. The operating supply voltage is between
5 V and 8 V.
2. System features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
16 dB gain
Internally biased
Flat gain between 40 MHz and 2600 MHz
Noise figure of 2.8 dB at 1000MHz
High linearity with an IP3O of 40 dBm and IP2O of 60 dBm
75 Ω input and output impedance
Unconditionally stable
Excellent input and output return loss
3. Customer evaluation kit contents
The evaluation kit contains the following items:
• BGA3018 wideband evaluation board
• BGA3018 SOT89 samples
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BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband amplifier application
4. Application Information
For evaluation purposes an evaluation board is available. The evaluation circuit can be
seen in figure 1 and the corresponding PCB is shown in figure 2. Table 1 shows the bill
of materials.
4.1 Evaluation board circuit
Fig 1.
BGA3018 evaluation circuit
The power supply is applied on the center pin of connector J3 and is applied to the MMIC
via choke L4 and L2 which provides RF blocking to the supply line. Capacitors C4 and
C5 are supply decoupling capacitors.
At the F-connector J1 the RF input signal is applied where capacitor C1 provides DCblocking, followed by L1 for input matching (Z = 75 Ω). Resistor R2 improves the stability
(K>1) at frequencies higher than 1600MHz. Resistor R1 and inductor L5 are used as
feedback circuit to set the gain and slope. Capacitor C2 provides DC-blocking between
the input and output of the MMIC. Inductor L3 provides the output matching (Z = 75 Ω) at
the MMICs output followed by C3 for DC-blocking before the RF signal is available at Fconnector J2.
AN11296
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NXP Semiconductors
BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband amplifier application
4.2 Evaluation board layout
PCB material
PCB thickness
PCB size
εr
Copper thickness
Fig 2.
= FR4
= 1.5 mm
= 40 mm x 40 mm
= 4.6
= 35 µm
40 MHz – 2600 MHz evaluation board layout
For optimum distortion performance it is important to have enough ground vias
underneath and around the MMICs ground pins. This lowers the inductance to the
ground plane. The evaluation board is made with two layer FR4 material.
AN11296
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NXP Semiconductors
BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband amplifier application
4.3 Bill of materials
AN11296
Application note
Table 1.
Evaluation board BOM
Circuit
Description Qty Mfr
Reference
Manufacturer number
Supplier Supplier part
number
U1
BGA3018
1
NXP
BGA3018
NXP
BGA3018
C1, C3, C4
10 nF
3
Murata
GRM155R71E103KA01D
Digikey
490-1312-1-ND
C2
1nF
1
Murata
GRM1555C1H102JA01D
Digikey
490-3244-1-ND
C5
100 pF
1
Murata
GRM1555C1H101JZ01D
Digikey
490-3458-1-ND
C6, C7
NA
-
-
-
-
-
L1
1.8 nH
1
Murata
LQG15HS1N8S02D
Digikey
490-2613-1-ND
L2
Choke
1
Murata
BLM15HD182SN1D
Digikey
490-5196-1-ND
L3
1.5 nH
1
Murata
LQG15HS1N5S02D
Digikey
490-2612-1-ND
L4
880nH
1
Murata
LQH31HNR88K03L
Digikey
LQH31HNR88K03LND
L5
3.3 nH
1
Murata
LQG15HS3N3S02D
Digikey
490-2616-1-ND
R1
560 Ω
1
Yageo
RC0402FR-07560RL
Digikey
311-560LRCT-ND
R2
5.6 Ohm
1
Yageo
RC0402JR-075R6L
Digikey
311-5.6JRDKR-ND
J1, J2
75 Ω Fconnector
2
Bomar
861V509ER6
Mouser
678-861V509ER6
J3
Header 3
1
Molex
90121-0763
Digikey
WM8109-ND
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AN11296
NXP Semiconductors
BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband amplifier application
5. Measurement results at Vcc = 8 V
5.1 S-Parameters
5
0
(1)
S11[dB]
-5
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
40
300
560
820
1080 1340 1600 1860 2120 2380 2640
Frequency[MHz]
(1) Tamb = +25 °C
Fig 3.
Input matching (S11); Vcc = 8 V
0
(1)
-5
S22[dB]
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
40
300
560
820 1080 1340 1600 1860 2120 2380 2640
Frequency[MHz]
(1) Tamb = +25 °C
Fig 4.
AN11296
Application note
Output matching (S22); Vcc = 8 V
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AN11296
NXP Semiconductors
BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband amplifier application
18
18
S21[dB]
17
17
16
16
(1)
15
15
14
40
300
560
820
1080 1340 1600 1860 2120 2380 2640
Frequency[MHz]
(1) Tamb = +25 °C
Fig 5.
Gain (S21); Vcc = 8 V
K-Factor
1.5
1.0
(1)
0.5
40
300
560
820
1080 1340 1600 1860 2120 2380 2640
Frequency[MHz]
(1) Tamb = +25 °C
Fig 6.
AN11296
Application note
K-factor; Vcc = 8 V
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BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband amplifier application
5.2 Noise figure
8
Noise Figure [dB]
7
6
(1)
5
4
3
2
1
40
300
560
820
1080 1340 1600 1860 2120 2380 2640
Frequency [MHz]
(1) Tamb = +25 °C
Fig 7.
AN11296
Application note
Noise figure; Vcc = 8 V
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BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband amplifier application
5.3 Output P1dB
26
Output P1dB [dBm]
24
(1)
22
20
18
16
14
12
10
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
Frequency [MHz]
(1) Tamb = +25 °C
Fig 8.
AN11296
Application note
Output P1dB; Vcc = 8 V
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BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband amplifier application
5.4 Output IP2
80
75
Output IP2 [dBm]
70
65
(1)
60
55
50
45
40
35
30
50
550
1050
1550
2050
2550
3050
Frequency [MHz]
(1) Tamb = +25 °C
f2 = f1 ± 6MHz
Fig 9.
Output IP2; Vcc = 8 V
5.5 Output IP3
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BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband amplifier application
50
Output IP3 [dBm]
45
(1)
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
Frequency [MHz]
(1) Tamb = +25 °C
f2 = f1 ± 6MHz
Fig 10. Output IP3; Vcc = 8 V
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BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband amplifier application
5.6 Distortion
-65
CTB [dBc]
-70
(1)
-75
-80
-85
-90
0
200
400
600
800
1000
800
1000
Frequency [MHz]
(1) Tamb = +25 °C
132 channels NTSC , Vo = 30 dBmV
Fig 11. Composite triple beat (CTB); Vcc = 8 V
-55
-56
-57
CSO [dBc]
-58
(1)
-59
-60
-61
-62
-63
-64
-65
0
200
400
600
Frequency [MHz]
(1) Tamb = +25 °C
132 channels NTSC , Vo = 30 dBmV
Fig 12. Composite second order (CSO); Vcc = 8 V
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NXP Semiconductors
BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband amplifier application
6. Measurement results at Vcc = 5 V
6.1 S-Parameters
5
0
(1)
S11[dB]
-5
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
40
300
560
820
1080 1340 1600 1860 2120 2380 2640
Frequency[MHz]
(1) Tamb = +25 °C
Fig 13. Input matching (S11); Vcc = 5 V
0
(1)
-5
S22[dB]
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
40
300
560
820 1080 1340 1600 1860 2120 2380 2640
Frequency[MHz]
(1) Tamb = +25 °C
Fig 14. Output matching (S22); Vcc = 5 V
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AN11296
NXP Semiconductors
BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband amplifier application
18
18
S21[dB]
17
17
16
16
(1)
15
15
14
40
300
560
820
1080 1340 1600 1860 2120 2380 2640
Frequency[MHz]
(1) Tamb = +25 °C
Fig 15. Gain (S21); Vcc = 5 V
K-Factor
1.5
1.0
(1)
0.5
40
300
560
820
1080 1340 1600 1860 2120 2380 2640
Frequency[MHz]
(1) Tamb = +25 °C
Fig 16. K-factor; Vcc = 5 V
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BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband amplifier application
6.2 Noise figure
8
Noise Figure [dB]
7
6
(1)
5
4
3
2
1
40
300
560
820
1080 1340 1600 1860 2120 2380 2640
Frequency [MHz]
(1) Tamb = +25 °C
Fig 17. Noise figure; Vcc = 5 V
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BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband amplifier application
6.3 Output P1dB
22.0
Output P1dB [dBm]
20.0
(1)
18.0
16.0
14.0
12.0
10.0
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
Frequency [MHz]
(1) Tamb = +25 °C
Fig 18. Output P1dB; Vcc = 5 V
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BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband amplifier application
6.4 Output IP2
80
75
Output IP2 [dBm]
70
65
(1)
60
55
50
45
40
35
30
50
550
1050
1550
2050
2550
3050
Frequency [MHz]
(1) Tamb = +25 °C
f2 = f1 ± 6MHz
Fig 19. Output IP2; Vcc = 5 V
6.5 Output IP3
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BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband amplifier application
50
Output IP3 [dBm]
45
40
(1)
35
30
25
20
15
10
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
Frequency [MHz]
(1) Tamb = +25 °C
f2 = f1 ± 6MHz
Fig 20. Output IP3; Vcc = 5 V
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BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband amplifier application
6.6 Distortion
-64
-66
(1)
CTB [dBc]
-68
-70
-72
-74
-76
-78
-80
0
200
400
600
800
1000
Frequency [MHz]
(1) Tamb = +25 °C
132 channels NTSC , Vo = 30 dBmV
Fig 21. Composite triple beat (CTB); Vcc = 5 V
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BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband amplifier application
-50
-51
-52
CSO [dBc]
-53
(1)
-54
-55
-56
-57
-58
-59
-60
0
200
400
600
800
1000
Frequency [MHz]
(1) Tamb = +25 °C
132 channels NTSC , Vo = 30 dBmV
Fig 22. Composite second order (CSO); Vcc = 5 V
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BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband amplifier application
7. Abbreviations
Table 2. Abbreviations
AN11296
Application note
Acronym
Description
AC
Alternating Current
CATV
Community Antenna TeleVision
DC
Direct Current
ESD
Electro Static Discharge
MMIC
Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuit
NTSC
National Television Standards Committee
PCB
Printed Circuit Board
RF
Radio Frequency
SMD
Surface Mounted Device
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8. Legal information
8.1 Definitions
Draft — The document is a draft version only. The content is still under
internal review and subject to formal approval, which may result in
modifications or additions. NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of
information included herein and shall have no liability for the consequences
of use of such information.
8.2 Disclaimers
Limited warranty and liability — Information in this document is believed to
be accurate and reliable. However, NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or
completeness of such information and shall have no liability for the
consequences of use of such information.
In no event shall NXP Semiconductors be liable for any indirect, incidental,
punitive, special or consequential damages (including - without limitation lost profits, lost savings, business interruption, costs related to the removal
or replacement of any products or rework charges) whether or not such
damages are based on tort (including negligence), warranty, breach of
contract or any other legal theory.
Notwithstanding any damages that customer might incur for any reason
whatsoever, NXP Semiconductors’ aggregate and cumulative liability
towards customer for the products described herein shall be limited in
accordance with the Terms and conditions of commercial sale of NXP
Semiconductors.
Right to make changes — NXP Semiconductors reserves the right to make
changes to information published in this document, including without
limitation specifications and product descriptions, at any time and without
notice. This document supersedes and replaces all information supplied prior
to the publication hereof.
Suitability for use — NXP Semiconductors products are not designed,
authorized or warranted to be suitable for use in life support, life-critical or
safety-critical systems or equipment, nor in applications where failure or
malfunction of an NXP Semiconductors product can reasonably be expected
to result in personal injury, death or severe property or environmental
damage. NXP Semiconductors accepts no liability for inclusion and/or use of
NXP Semiconductors products in such equipment or applications and
therefore such inclusion and/or use is at the customer’s own risk.
Applications — Applications that are described herein for any of these
products are for illustrative purposes only. NXP Semiconductors makes no
representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for the
specified use without further testing or modification.
Customers are responsible for the design and operation of their applications
and products using NXP Semiconductors products, and NXP
Semiconductors accepts no liability for any assistance with applications or
AN11296
Application note
customer product design. It is customer’s sole responsibility to determine
whether the NXP Semiconductors product is suitable and fit for the
customer’s applications and products planned, as well as for the planned
application and use of customer’s third party customer(s). Customers should
provide appropriate design and operating safeguards to minimize the risks
associated with their applications and products.
NXP Semiconductors does not accept any liability related to any default,
damage, costs or problem which is based on any weakness or default in the
customer’s applications or products, or the application or use by customer’s
third party customer(s). Customer is responsible for doing all necessary
testing for the customer’s applications and products using NXP
Semiconductors products in order to avoid a default of the applications and
the products or of the application or use by customer’s third party
customer(s). NXP does not accept any liability in this respect.
Export control — This document as well as the item(s) described herein
may be subject to export control regulations. Export might require a prior
authorization from national authorities.
Evaluation products — This product is provided on an “as is” and “with all
faults” basis for evaluation purposes only. NXP Semiconductors, its affiliates
and their suppliers expressly disclaim all warranties, whether express,
implied or statutory, including but not limited to the implied warranties of noninfringement, merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. The entire
risk as to the quality, or arising out of the use or performance, of this product
remains with customer.
In no event shall NXP Semiconductors, its affiliates or their suppliers be
liable to customer for any special, indirect, consequential, punitive or
incidental damages (including without limitation damages for loss of
business, business interruption, loss of use, loss of data or information, and
the like) arising out the use of or inability to use the product, whether or not
based on tort (including negligence), strict liability, breach of contract, breach
of warranty or any other theory, even if advised of the possibility of such
damages.
Notwithstanding any damages that customer might incur for any reason
whatsoever (including without limitation, all damages referenced above and
all direct or general damages), the entire liability of NXP Semiconductors, its
affiliates and their suppliers and customer’s exclusive remedy for all of the
foregoing shall be limited to actual damages incurred by customer based on
reasonable reliance up to the greater of the amount actually paid by
customer for the product or five dollars (US$5.00). The foregoing limitations,
exclusions and disclaimers shall apply to the maximum extent permitted by
applicable law, even if any remedy fails of its essential purpose.
8.3 Trademarks
Notice: All referenced brands, product names, service names and
trademarks are property of their respective owners.
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 3 February 2014
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BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband amplifier application
9. List of figures
Fig 1.
Fig 2.
Fig 3.
Fig 4.
Fig 5.
Fig 6.
Fig 7.
Fig 8.
Fig 9.
Fig 10.
Fig 11.
Fig 12.
Fig 13.
Fig 14.
Fig 15.
Fig 16.
Fig 17.
Fig 18.
Fig 19.
Fig 20.
Fig 21.
Fig 22.
BGA3018 evaluation circuit ............................... 4
40 MHz – 2600 MHz evaluation board layout ... 5
Input matching (S11); Vcc = 8 V ....................... 7
Output matching (S22); Vcc = 8 V .................... 7
Gain (S21); Vcc = 8 V ....................................... 8
K-factor; Vcc = 8 V ............................................ 8
Noise figure; Vcc = 8 V ..................................... 9
Output P1dB; Vcc = 8 V .................................. 10
Output IP2; Vcc = 8 V ..................................... 11
Output IP3; Vcc = 8 V ..................................... 12
Composite triple beat (CTB); Vcc = 8 V .......... 13
Composite second order (CSO); Vcc = 8 V .... 13
Input matching (S11); Vcc = 5 V ..................... 14
Output matching (S22); Vcc = 5 V .................. 14
Gain (S21); Vcc = 5 V ..................................... 15
K-factor; Vcc = 5 V .......................................... 15
Noise figure; Vcc = 5 V ................................... 16
Output P1dB; Vcc = 5 V .................................. 17
Output IP2; Vcc = 5 V ..................................... 18
Output IP3; Vcc = 5 V ..................................... 19
Composite triple beat (CTB); Vcc = 5 V .......... 20
Composite second order (CSO); Vcc = 5 V .... 21
AN11296
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BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband amplifier application
10. List of tables
Table 1.
Evaluation board BOM ...................................... 6
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BGA3018 - 40 MHz to 2600 MHz wideband amplifier application
11. Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
4.1
4.2
4.3
5.
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
6.
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
7.
8.
8.1
8.2
8.3
9.
10.
11.
Introduction ......................................................... 3
System features................................................... 3
Customer evaluation kit contents ...................... 3
Application Information ...................................... 4
Evaluation board circuit ...................................... 4
Evaluation board layout...................................... 5
Bill of materials ................................................... 6
Measurement results at Vcc = 8 V...................... 7
S-Parameters ..................................................... 7
Noise figure ........................................................ 9
Output P1dB..................................................... 10
Output IP2 ........................................................ 11
Output IP3 ........................................................ 11
Distortion .......................................................... 13
Measurement results at Vcc = 5 V.................... 14
S-Parameters ................................................... 14
Noise figure ...................................................... 16
Output P1dB..................................................... 17
Output IP2 ........................................................ 18
Output IP3 ........................................................ 18
Distortion .......................................................... 20
Abbreviations .................................................... 22
Legal information .............................................. 23
Definitions ........................................................ 23
Disclaimers....................................................... 23
Trademarks ...................................................... 23
List of figures..................................................... 24
List of tables ...................................................... 25
Contents ............................................................. 26
Please be aware that important notices concerning this document and the product(s)
described herein, have been included in the section 'Legal information'.
© NXP B.V. 2014.
All rights reserved.
For more information, visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: salesaddresses@nxp.com
Date of release: 3 February 2014
Document identifier: AN11296