GENERAL DESCRIPTION FEATURES

CM6800T
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
FEATURES
CM6800T is a turbo-speed PFC and a Green PWM controller.
It is designed to further increase power supply efficiency while
using the relatively lower 380V Bulk Capacitor value.
Switching to CM6800T from your existing CM6800 family
boards can gain the following advanced performances:
‹ Patents Pending
1.)
Hold Up time can be increased ~ 30% from the
existing 6800 power supply
2.) Turbo Speed PFC may reduce 420 Bulk Capacitor
size
3.) 420V bulk capacitor value may be reduced and PFC
Boost Capacitor ripple current can be reduced
4.) No Load Consumption can be reduced 290mW at
270VAC
5.) Better Power Factor and Better THD
6.) Clean Digital PFC Brown Out
7.) PWM transformer size can be smaller
8.) Superior Surge Noise Immunity
9.) To design 12V, 5V, and 3.3V output filters can be easy
10.) The stress over the entire external power device is
reduced and EMI noise maybe reduced; PFC inductor
core might be reduced
11.) Monotonic Output design is easy
12.) And more… Of course, the cost can be reduced
CM6800T is pin to pin compatible with CM6800 family.
Beside all the goodies in the CM6800, it is designed to meet
the EPA/85+ regulation. With the proper design, its efficiency
of power supply can easily approach 85%.
To start evaluating CM6800T from the exiting CM6800,
CM6800A, or ML4800 board, 6 things need to be taken care
before doing the fine tune:
‹ Pin to pin compatible with CM6802 family, CM6800
family, and ML4800 family
‹ 23V Bi-CMOS process
‹ Designed for EPA/85+ efficiency
‹ Digitized Exactly 50% Maximum PWM Duty Cycle
‹ All high voltage resistors can be greater than 4.7 Mega
ohm (4.7 Mega to 8 Mega ohm) to improve the no load
consumption
‹ Rail to rail CMOS Drivers with on, 60 ohm and off, 30
ohm for both PFC and PWM with two 17V zeners
‹ Fast Start-UP Circuit without extra bleed resistor to aid
VCC reaches 13V sooner
‹ Low start-up current (55uA typ.)
‹ Low operating current (2.5mA typ.)
‹ 16.5V VCC shunt regulator
‹ Leading Edge Blanking for both PFC and PWM
‹ fRTCT = 4*fpfc =4*fpwm for CM6800T
‹ Dynamic Soft PFC to ease the stress of the Power
Device and Ease the EMI filter design
‹ Clean Digital PFC Brown Out and PWM Brown Out
‹ Adjustable Long Delay Time for Line Sagging
(Up to 2 Second)
‹ Turbo Speed PFC may reduce 420 Bulk Capacitor size
1.) Change RAC resistor (on pin 2, IAC) from the old
value to a higher resistor value between 4.7 Mega
ohm to 8 Mega ohm. Start with 6 Mega ohm for RAC
first.
2.) Change RTCT pin (pin 7) from the existing value to
RT=5.88K ohm and CT=1000pF to have fpfc=68Khz,
fpwm=68Khz, frtct=272Khz for CM6800T
3.) Adjust all high voltage resistor around 5 mega ohm or
higher.
4.) VRMS pin(pin 4) needs to be 1.14V at VIN=80VAC for
universal input application from line input from 80VAC
to 270VAC.
5.) At full load, the average Veao needs to around 4.5V
and the ripple on the Veao needs to be less than
250mV when the load triggers the light load
comparator.
6.) Soft Start pin (pin 5), the soft start current has been
reduced from CM6800’s 20uA to CM6800T’s
10uA.Soft Start capacitor can be reduced to 1/2 from
your original CM6800 capacitor.
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
‹ Internally synchronized leading edge PFC and trailing
edge PWM in one IC to Reduces ripple current in the
420V storage capacitor between the PFC and PWM
sections
‹ Better Power Factor and Better THD
‹ Average current, continuous or discontinuous boost
leading edge PFC
‹ PWM configurable for current mode or feed-forward
voltage mode operation
‹ Current fed Gain Modulator for improved noise
immunity
‹ Gain Modulator is a constant maximum power limiter
‹ Precision Current Limit, over-voltage protection, UVLO,
soft start, and Reference OK
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
1
CM6800T
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
APPLICATIONS
PIN CONFIGURATION
‹
EPA/85+ related Power Supply
‹
Desktop PC Power Supply
‹
Internet Server Power Supply
‹
LCD Power Supply
‹
PDP Power Supply
‹
SOP-16 (S16) / PDIP-16 (P16)
VEAO
16
VFB
15
ISENSE
VREF
14
4
VRMS
VCC
13
5
SS
PFC OUT
12
6
VDC
PWM OUT
11
7
RAMP1
GND
10
8
RAMP2
DC ILIMIT
9
1
IEAO
2
IAC
IPC Power Supply
3
‹
UPS
‹
Battery Charger
‹
DC Motor Power Supply
‹
Monitor Power Supply
‹
Telecom System Power Supply
‹
Distributed Power
PIN DESCRIPTION
Pin No.
Symbol
1
IEAO
Description
PFC transconductance current error amplifier output
(Gmi).
Operating Voltage
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
0
VREF
V
0
100
uA
-1.3
0.7
V
0
8
V
0
VCC
V
IAC has 2 functions:
2
IAC
1. PFC gain modulator reference input.
2. Typical RAC resistor is about 6 Mega ohm to sense
the line.
3
ISENSE
4
VRMS
PFC Current Sense: for both Gain Modulator and PFC
ILIMIT comparator.
Line Input Sense pin and also, it is the brown out sense
pin.
Soft start capacitor pin; it is pulled down by 70K ohm
5
SS
internal resistor when DCILIMIT reach 1V; the power is
limited during the PWM Brown out.
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
2
CM6800T
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
6
VDC
0
10
V
0.8
4
V
In current mode, this pin functions as the current
sense input; when in voltage mode, it is the
feed-forward sense input from PFC output 380V (feed
forward ramp).
0
VDCmax-1.8
V
PWM current limit comparator input
0
1
V
DC to DC PWM voltage feedback input.
RAMP1
7
Oscillator timing node; timing set by RT and CT
(RTCT)
RAMP 2
8
(PWM
RAMP)
9
DC ILIMIT
10
GND
11
PWM OUT
PWM driver output
0
VCC
V
12
PFC OUT
PFC driver output
0
VCC
V
13
VCC
18
V
14
VREF
15
VFB
16
VEAO
Ground
10
Positive supply for CM6800T
Maximum 3.5mA buffered output for the internal 7.5V
15
7.5
reference when VCC=14V
PFC transconductance voltage error amplifier input
0
PFC transconductance voltage error amplifier output
(GmV)
0
2.5
V
3
V
6
V
ORDERING INFORMATION
Part Number
Temperature Range
Package
CM6800TXIP*
-40℃ to 125℃
16-Pin PDIP (P16)
CM6800TXIS*
-40℃ to 125℃
16-Pin Narrow SOP (S16)
CM6800TXISTR*
-40℃ to 125℃
16-Pin Narrow SOP (S16)
*Note: X : Suffix for Halogen Free and PB Free Product
TR : Package is Typing Reel
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
3
CM6800T
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
Simplified Block Diagram (CM6800T)
16
+
1
VEAO
VFB
GMv
2.75V
Rmul
-
+
GMi
-
MODULATOR
3
7
0.5V
VFB
VCC
VREF
14
7.5V
REFERENCE
+
-
PFC ILIMIT
-1.0V
ISENSE
PFC RAMP
VRMS
16.5V
Zener
-
PFC Tri-Fault
-
Rmul
2
4
+
GAIN
IAC
PFC OVP
PFC CMP
.
VFB
15
+
.
.
2.5V
13
IEAO
S
Q
R
Q
S
Q
R
Q
+
VCC
MPPFC
PFC OUT
12
-
Green PFC
ISENSE
0.3V
VEAO
PFC
RAMP1
+
MNPFC
-
17V
ZENER
PFCCLK
.
.
2K
PWMCLK
SW SPST
PPWM
1.8V
VDC
-
VFB
-
2.36V
+
NPFC
.
380-OK
70K
REF-OK
SS
Q
380V-OK
1.0V
DC ILIMIT
17V
ZENER
UVLO
VCC
+
10
PWM OUT
11
Q
R
10uA
9
S
S
VCC
5
VCC
+
6
Green PWM
-
8
RAMP2
DC ILIMIT
GND
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Absolute Maximum ratings are those values beyond which the device could be permanently damaged.
Parameter
Min.
Max.
VCC
18
IEAO
0
VREF+0.3
ISENSE Voltage
-5
0.7
PFC OUT
GND – 0.3
VCC + 0.3
GND – 0.3
VCC + 0.3
PWMOUT
GND – 0.3
VCC + 0.3
Voltage on Any Other Pin
3.5
IREF
1
IAC Input Current
Peak PFC OUT Current, Source or Sink
0.5
Peak PWM OUT Current, Source or Sink
0.5
PFC OUT, PWM OUT Energy Per Cycle
1.5
Junction Temperature
Storage Temperature Range
Operating Temperature Range
Lead Temperature (Soldering, 10 sec)
Thermal Resistance (θJA)
Plastic DIP
Plastic SOIC
Units
V
V
V
V
V
V
mA
mA
A
A
μJ
150
150
125
260
℃
℃
℃
℃
80
105
℃/W
℃/W
Power Dissipation (PD) TA<50℃
800
mW
ESD Capability, HBM Model
ESD Capability, CDM Model
5.5
1250
KV
V
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
-65
-40
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
4
CM6800T
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS:
Unless otherwise stated, these specifications apply Vcc=+14V, RT = 5.88 kΩ, CT = 1000pF, TA=Operating Temperature
Range (Note 1)
Symbol
Parameter
Test Conditions
CM6800T
Unit
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Clean Digital PFC Brown Out
VRMS Threshold High
Room Temperature=25℃
1.70
1.78
1.86
V
VRMS Threshold Low
Room Temperature=25℃
0.98
1.03
1.08
V
710
760
mV
0
3
V
Hysteresis
Voltage Error Amplifier (gmv)
Input Voltage Range
Transconductance
VNONINV = VINV, VEAO = 3.35V @ T=25℃
Feedback Reference Voltage
Input Bias Current
Note 2
Output High Voltage
25
40
60
μ mho
2.45
2.52
2.58
V
-1.0
-0.05
μA
5.8
6.0
V
Output Low Voltage
0.1
0.4
V
Sink Current
Overdrive Voltage = 100mV @ T=25℃
-60
-40
-28
μA
Source Current
Overdrive Voltage = 100mV @ T=25℃
0.9
3
7
μA
Open Loop Gain
Guaranteed by design
30
40
dB
Power Supply Rejection Ratio
11V < VCC < 16.5V
60
75
dB
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
5
CM6800T
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS:
(Conti.) Unless otherwise stated, these specifications apply Vcc=+14V, RT = 5.88 kΩ, CT = 1000pF,
TA=Operating Temperature Range (Note 1)
Symbol
Parameter
CM6800T
Test Conditions
Min.
Typ.
Unit
Max.
Current Error Amplifier (gmi)
Input Voltage Range (Isense pin)
-1.2
Transconductance
VNONINV = VINV, IEAO = 1.5V @ T=25℃
50
Input Offset Voltage
VEAO=0V, IAC is open
-10
Output High Voltage
6.8
Output Low Voltage
0.7
V
85
μ mho
50
mV
7.4
7.7
V
0.1
0.4
V
67
Sink Current
ISENSE = -0.5V, IEAO = 1.5V @ T=25℃
-40
-34
-28
μA
Source Current
ISENSE = +0.5V, IEAO = 4.0V @ T=25℃
27
32
37
μA
Open Loop Gain
DC Gain
30
40
dB
Power Supply Rejection Ratio
11V < VCC < 16.5V
60
75
dB
Threshold Voltage
2.60
2.75
Hysteresis
130
PFC OVP Comparator
2.85
V
220
mV
PFC Green Power Detect Comparator
Veao Threshold Voltage
0.14
0.26
0.4
V
2.70
2.85
3.0
V
2
4
ms
0.1
0.28
0.4
V
-1.35
-1.25
-1.15
V
300
450
mV
700
ns
Tri-Fault Detect
Fault Detect HIGH
Time to Fault Detect HIGH
VFB=VFAULT DETECT LOW to
VFB=OPEN, 470pF from VFB to GND
Fault Detect Low
PFC ILIMIT Comparator
Threshold Voltage
(PFCILIMIT– Gain Modulator
Output)
Delay to Output (Note 4)
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
Overdrive Voltage = -100mV
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
6
CM6800T
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS:
(Conti.) Unless otherwise stated, these specifications apply Vcc=+14V, RT = 5.88 kΩ, CT = 1000pF,
TA=Operating Temperature Range (Note 1)
Symbol
Parameter
Test Conditions
CM6800T
Min.
Typ.
Max.
0.92
1.0
1.08
Unit
DC ILIMIT Comparator
Threshold Voltage
Delay to Output (Note 4)
Overdrive Voltage = 100mV
V
700
ns
DC to DC PWM Brown Out Comparator
OK Threshold Voltage
2.1
2.3
2.5
V
Hysteresis
880
950
1000
mV
4.4
5.5
6.6
4
5
6
1.2
1.5
1.8
0.9
1.05
1.3
GAIN Modulator
Gain1 (Note 3)
Gain2 (Note )3
Gain3 (Note 3)
Gain4 (Note 3)
IAC = 20 μ A, VRMS =1.125, VFB = 2.375V @
T=25℃ SS<VREF
IAC = 20 μ A, VRMS = 1.45588V, VFB =
2.375V @ T=25℃ SS<VREF
IAC = 20 μ A, VRMS =2.91V, VFB = 2.375V @
T=25℃ SS<VREF
IAC = 20 μ A, VRMS = 3.44V, VFB = 2.375V
@ T=25℃
IAC = 40 μ A
Bandwidth (Note 4)
Output Voltage = Rmul *
(ISENSE-IOFFSET)
SS<VREF
1
MHz
IAC = 50 μ A, VRMS = 1.125V, VFB = 2V
SS<VREF
0.74
0.8
0.86
V
64
68
72
kHz
Oscillator (Measuring fpfc)
Initial fpfc Accuracy 1
Voltage Stability
RT = 5.88 kΩ, CT = 1000pF, TA = 25℃
IAC=0uA
11V < VCC < 16.5V
Temperature Stability
Total Variation
Line, Temp
Ramp Valley to Peak Voltage
VEAO=6V and IAC=20uA
PFC Dead Time (Note 4)
CT Discharge Current
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
2
%
2
%
60
75
2.5
550
VRAMP2 = 0V, VRAMP1 = 2.5V
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
kHz
10
11
V
950
ns
12
mA
7
CM6800T
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(Conti.) Unless otherwise stated, these specifications apply
Vcc=+14V, RT = 5.88 kΩ, CT = 1000pF, TA=Operating Temperature Range (Note 1)
Symbol
Min.
CM6800T
Typ.
Max.
7.3
7.5
7.7
V
11V < VCC < [email protected] T=25℃
3
5
mV
VCC=10.5V,0mA < I(VREF) < 2mA;
@ T=25℃
25
50
mV
VCC=14V,0mA < I(VREF) < 3.5mA;
TA = -40℃~85℃
25
50
mV
7.7
25
%
V
mV
Parameter
Test Conditions
Output Voltage
TA = -45℃~85℃, I(VREF) = 0~3.5mA
Line Regulation
Unit
Reference
Load Regulation
Temperature Stability
Total Variation
Long Term Stability
0.4
Line, Load, Temp
TJ = 125℃, 1000HRs
7.3
5
IEAO > 4.5V
VIEAO < 1.2V
IOUT = -20mA @ T=25℃
93
PFC
Minimum Duty Cycle
Maximum Duty Cycle
0
95
13
IOUT = -100mA @ T=25℃
Output Low Rdson
Output High Rdson
18
ohm
IOUT = 10mA, VCC = 9V @ T=25℃
0.5
1
V
IOUT = 20mA @ T=25℃
24
30
ohm
40
ohm
IOUT = 100mA @ T=25℃
CL = 100pF @ T=25℃
Rise/Fall Time (Note 4)
18
%
%
ohm
50
ns
PWM
Duty Cycle Range
0-49.5
IOUT = -20mA @ T=25℃
Output Low Rdson
13
IOUT = -100mA @ T=25℃
IOUT = 10mA, VCC = 9V
IOUT = 20mA @ T=25℃
Output High Rdson
0.5
26.5
IOUT = 100mA @ T=25℃
Rise/Fall Time (Note 4)
PWM Comparator Level Shift
CL = 100pF
@ T=25℃
Soft Start Current
Room Temperature=25℃
Soft Start Discharge Current
Vrms=0.926V, Soft Start=8V
Start-Up Current
VCC = 12V, CL = 0 @ T=25℃
0-50
18
%
ohm
18
ohm
1
40
V
ohm
40
ohm
1.6
50
1.8
2
ns
V
7
10
12
0.5
3
6
μA
μA
50
65
μA
2.5
12.85
2.95
3.5
13.65
10.25
3.1
mA
V
V
V
17
17.85
V
Soft Start
Supply
Operating Current
Turn-on Undervoltage Lockout Threshold
Turn-off Undervoltage Lockout Threshold
Turn-off Undervoltage Lockout Hysteresis
Shunt Regulator (VCC zener)
Zener Threshold Voltage
14V, CL = 0
CM6800T
CM6800T
CM6800T
12.35
9.75
2.8
Apply VCC with Iop=20mA
16.15
Note 1: Limits are guaranteed by 100% testing, sampling, or correlation with worst-case test conditions.
Note 2: Includes all bias currents to other circuits connected to the VFB pin.
Note 3: Gain ~ K x 5.3V; K = (ISENSE – IOFFSET) x [IAC (VEAO – 0.7)]-1; VEAOMAX = 6V
Note 4: Guaranteed by design, not 100% production test.
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
8
CM6800T
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTIC:
PFC Soft Diagram :
Dynamic Soft PFC Performance @ Vin=110 Vac
Ch1 is 380V bulk cap voltage which is 100V/div.
Ch3 is Input Line Current which is 1A/div.
Input Line Voltage (110 Vac) was turned off for 40mS before reaching PWM Brownout which is 209Vdc. When the bulk cap voltage goes below
209V, the system will reset the PWM soft start. The result of the CM6800T Input Line Current has a clean Off and softly On even the system
does not reset PWM soft-start.
Dynamic Soft PFC Performance @ Vin=220 Vac
Ch1 is 380V bulk cap voltage which is 100V/div.
Ch3 is Input Line Current which is 1A/div.
Input Line Voltage (220 Vac) was turned off for 40mS before reaching PWM Brownout which is 209Vdc when Bulk cap voltage drops below
209V. When the bulk cap voltage goes below 209V, the system will reset the PWM soft start. The result of the CM6800T Input Line Current has
a clean Off and softly On even the system does not reset itself. The first peak current at the beginning of the On time is the inrush current.
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
9
CM6800T
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
Turn on Timing :
Output 50% and 100% load turn on waveform at 110Vac
Ch1 is 380V bulk cap voltage which is 100V/div.
Ch2 is VCC,Ch3 is SS(soft start pin),CH4 is Vo(12V).
Output 10% and 20% load turn on waveform at 230Vac
Ch1 is 380V bulk cap voltage which is 100V/div.
Ch2 is VCC,Ch3 is SS(soft start pin),CH4 is Vo(12V)
Output 50% and 100% load turn on waveform at 230Vac
Ch1 is 380V bulk cap voltage which is 100V/div.
Ch2 is VCC,Ch3 is SS(soft start pin),CH4 is Vo(12V)
Dynamic load:
Ch1 is 380V bulk cap voltage which is 100V/div.
Ch2 is VCC,Ch3 is SS(soft start pin),CH4 is Vo(12V)
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
Ch1 is 380V bulk cap voltage which is 100V/div.
Ch2 is VCC,Ch3 is SS(soft start pin),CH4 is Vo(12V)
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
10
CM6800T
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
AC power cycling :
90VAC turn on 500ms turn off 100ms at 10%LOAD
Ch2 is AC input voltage which is 100V/div.
Ch3 is PFC stage Mosfet drain current, CH4 is Vo(12V)
Ch3 is PFC stage Mosfet Drain current(zoom In)
90VAC turn on 500ms turn off 100ms at 100%LOAD
Ch2 is AC input voltage which is 100V/div.
Ch3 is PFC stage Mosfet drain current, CH4 is Vo(12V)
Ch3 is PFC stage Mosfet Drain current(zoom In)
90VAC turn on 500ms turn off 10ms at 10%LOAD
Ch2 is AC input voltage which is 100V/div.
Ch3 is PFC stage Mosfet drain current, CH4 is Vo (12V)
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
Ch3 is PFC stage Mosfet Drain current (zoom In)
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
11
CM6800T
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
90VAC turn on 500ms turn off 10ms at 100%LOAD
Ch2 is AC input voltage which is 100V/div.
Ch3 is PFC stage Mosfet drain current, CH4 is Vo (12V)
Ch3 is PFC stage Mosfet Drain current (zoom In)
230VAC turn on 500ms turn off 100ms at 10%LOAD
Ch2 is AC input voltage which is 100V/div.
Ch3 is PFC stage Mosfet drain current, CH4 is Vo (12V)
Ch3 is PFC stage Mosfet Drain current (zoom In)
230VAC turn on 500ms turn off 100ms at 100%LOAD
Ch2 is AC input voltage which is 100V/div.
Ch3 is PFC stage Mosfet drain current, CH4 is Vo (12V)
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
Ch3 is PFC stage Mosfet Drain current (zoom In)
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
12
CM6800T
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
230VAC turn on 500ms turn off 10ms at 10%LOAD
Ch2 is AC input voltage which is 100V/div.
Ch3 is PFC stage Mosfet drain current, CH4 is Vo (12V)
Ch3 is PFC stage Mosfet Drain current (zoom In)
230VAC turn on 500ms turn off 10ms at 100%LOAD
Ch2 is AC input voltage which is 100V/div.
Ch3 is PFC stage Mosfet drain current, CH4 is Vo (12V)
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
Ch3 is PFC stage Mosfet Drain current (zoom In)
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
13
CM6800T
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
Power Factor Correction
Getting Start:
To start evaluating CM6800T from the exiting CM6800 or
ML4800 board, 6 things need to be taken care before doing
the fine tune:
1.) Change RAC resistor (on pin 2, IAC) from the old value to
a higher resistor value between 4.7 Mega ohms to 8 Mega
ohms.
2.) Change RTCT pin (pin 7) from the existing value to
RT=5.88K ohm and CT=1000pF to have fpfc=68 Khz,
fpwm=68Khz, fRTCT=272Khz for CM6800T.
3.) Adjust all high voltage resistor around 5 mega ohm or
higher.
4.) VRMS pin (pin 4) needs to be 1.14V at VIN=80Vac and to
be 1.21V at VIN=80VAC for universal input application
from line input from 80VAC to 270VAC.
5.) At full load, the average Veao needs to around 4.5V and
the ripple on the Veao needs to be less than 250mV when
the light load comparator are triggerred.
6.) Soft Start pin (pin 5), the soft start current has been
reduced from CM6800’s 20uA to CM6800T’s 10uA.Soft
Start capacitor can be reduced to 1/2 from your original
CM6800 capacitor.
Functional Description
CM6800T is designed for high efficient power supply for both
full load and light load. It is a popular EPA/85+ PFC-PWM
power supply controller.
The CM6800T consists of an average current controlled
continuous/discontinuous boost Power Factor Correction
(PFC) front end and a synchronized Pulse Width Modulator
(PWM) back end. The PWM can be used in either current or
voltage mode. In voltage mode, feed-forward from the PFC
output bus can be used to improve the PWM’s line regulation.
In either mode, the PWM stage uses conventional trailing edge
duty cycle modulation, while the PFC uses leading edge
modulation. This patented leading/trailing edge modulation
technique results in a higher usable PFC error amplifier
bandwidth, and can significantly reduce the size of the PFC
DC buss capacitor.
The synchronized of the PWM with the PFC simplifies the
PWM compensation due to the controlled ripple on the PFC
output capacitor (the PWM input capacitor). In addition to
power factor correction, a number of protection features have
been built into the CM6800T. These include soft-start, PFC
over-voltage protection, peak current limiting, brownout
protection, duty cycle limiting, and under-voltage lockout.
Power factor correction makes a nonlinear load look like a
resistive load to the AC line. For a resistor, the current drawn
from the line is in phase with and proportional to the line
voltage, so the power factor is unity (one). A common class of
nonlinear load is the input of most power supplies, which use a
bridge rectifier and capacitive input filter fed from the line. The
peak-charging effect, which occurs on the input filter capacitor
in these supplies, causes brief high-amplitude pulses of current
to flow from the power line, rather than a sinusoidal current in
phase with the line voltage. Such supplies present a power
factor to the line of less than one (i.e. they cause significant
current harmonics of the power line frequency to appear at
their input). If the input current drawn by such a supply (or any
other nonlinear load) can be made to follow the input voltage in
instantaneous amplitude, it will appear resistive to the AC line
and a unity power factor will be achieved.
To hold the input current draw of a device drawing power
from the AC line in phase with and proportional to the input
voltage, a way must be found to prevent that device from
loading the line except in proportion to the instantaneous line
voltage. The PFC section of the CM6800T uses a boost-mode
DC-DC converter to accomplish this. The input to the converter
is the full wave rectified AC line voltage. No bulk filtering is
applied following the bridge rectifier, so the input voltage to the
boost converter ranges (at twice line frequency) from zero volts
to the peak value of the AC input and back to zero. By forcing
the boost converter to meet two simultaneous
conditions, it
is possible to ensure that the current drawn from the power line
is proportional to the input line voltage. One of these conditions
is that the output voltage of the boost converter must be set
higher than the peak value of the line voltage. A commonly
used value is 385VDC, to allow for a high line of 270VACrms.
The other condition is that the current drawn from the line at
any given instant must be proportional to the line voltage.
Establishing a suitable voltage control loop for the converter,
which in turn drives a current error amplifier and switching
output driver satisfies the first of these requirements. The
second requirement is met by using the rectified AC line
voltage to modulate the output of the voltage control loop. Such
modulation causes the current error amplifier to command a
power stage current that varies directly with the input voltage.
In order to prevent ripple, which will necessarily appear at the
output of boost circuit (typically about 10VAC on a 385V DC
level); from introducing distortion back through the voltage
error amplifier, the bandwidth of the voltage loop is deliberately
kept low. A final refinement is to adjust the overall gain of the
PFC such to be proportional to 1/(Vin x Vin), which linearizes
the transfer function of the system as the AC input to voltage
varies.
Since the boost converter topology in the CM6800T PFC is
of the current-averaging type, no slope compensation is
required.
More exactly, the output current of the gain modulator is given
by:
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
14
CM6800T
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
Dynamic Soft PFC (patent pending)
Besides all the goodies from CM6800A, Dynamic Soft PFC
is the main feature of CM6800T. Dynamic Soft PFC is to
improve the efficiency, to reduce power device stress, to ease
EMI, and to ease the monotonic output design while it has the
more protection such as the short circuit with power-foldback
protection. Its unique sequential control maximizes the
performance and the protections among steady state, transient
and the power on/off conditions.
PFC Section:
Gain Modulator
Figure 1 shows a block diagram of the PFC section of the
CM6800T. The gain modulator is the heart of the PFC, as it is
this circuit block which controls the response of the current
loop to line voltage waveform and frequency, rms line voltage,
and PFC output voltages. There are three inputs to the gain
modulator. These are:
1. A current representing the instantaneous input voltage
(amplitude and wave-shape) to the PFC. The rectified AC
input sine wave is converted to a proportional current via a
resistor and is then fed into the gain modulator at IAC.
Sampling current in this way minimizes ground noise, as is
required in high power switching power conversion
environments. The gain modulator responds linearly to this
current.
Gain=Imul/Iac
K=Gain/(VEAO-0.7V)
Imul = K x (VEAO – 0.7V) x IAC
Where K is in units of [V-1]
Note that the output current of the gain modulator is limited
around 100 μ A and the maximum output voltage of the gain
modulator is limited to 100uA x 7.75K≒0.8V. This 0.8V also
will determine the maximum input power.
However, IGAINMOD cannot be measured directly from ISENSE.
ISENSE = IGAINMOD-IOFFSET and IOFFSET can only be measured
when VEAO is less than 0.5V and IGAINMOD is 0A. Typical
IOFFSET is around 25uA.
IAC=20uA, Veao=6V
2. A voltage proportional to the long-term RMS AC line voltage,
derived from the rectified line voltage after scaling and
filtering. This signal is presented to the gain modulator at
VRMS. The gain modulator’s output is inversely proportional
2
to VRMS . The relationship between VRMS and gain is
illustrated in the Typical Performance Characteristics of this
page.
3. The output of the voltage error amplifier, VEAO. The gain
modulator responds linearly to variations in this voltage.
The output of the gain modulator is a current signal, in the
form of a full wave rectified sinusoid at twice the line
frequency. This current is applied to the virtual-ground
(negative) input of the current error amplifier. In this way the
gain modulator forms the reference for the current error loop,
and ultimately controls the instantaneous current draw of the
PFC from the power line. The general formula of the output of
the gain modulator is:
Imul =
IAC × ( VEAO - 0.7V)
x constant
VRMS2
(1)
Gain vs. VRMS (pin4)
When VRMS below 1V, the PFC is shut off. Designer needs
to design 80VAC with VRMS average voltage= 1.14V.
Gain =
I SENSE − I OFFSET I MUL
=
I AC
I AC
Selecting RAC for IAC pin
IAC pin is the input of the gain modulator. IAC also is a
current mirror input and it requires current input. By selecting a
proper resistor RAC, it will provide a good sine wave current
derived from the line voltage and it also helps program the
maximum input power and minimum input line voltage.
RAC=Vin min peak x 53.03K. For example, if the minimum line
voltage is 80VAC, the RAC=80 x 1.414 x 53.03K = 6 Mega ohm.
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
15
CM6800T
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
Vrms Description:
Cycle-By-Cycle Current Limiter and
VRMS is the one of the input for PFC Gain Modulator. Besides
it is the input of the Gain Modulator, it also serves for Clean
Digital PFC Brown Out function:
Selecting RSENSE
VRMS is used to detect the AC Brown Out (Also, we can call it
Clean Digital PFC brown out.). When VRMS is less than 1.0 V
+/-3%, PFCOUT will be turned off and VEAO will be softly
discharged. When VRMS is greater than 1.75V +/-3%,
PFCOUT is enabled and VEAO is released.
Clean Digital PFC Brown Out
Clean Digital PFC Brown Out provides a clean cut off when
AC input is much lower than regular AC input voltage such as
70Vac.
Inside of Clean Digital PFC Brown Out, there is a
comparator monitors the Vrms (pin 4) voltage. Clean Digital
PFC Brown Out inhibits the PFC, and Veao (PFC error
amplifier output) is pulled down when the Vrms is lower than
off threshold, 1.0V (The off Vin voltage usually corresponds to
70Vac). When the Vrms voltage reaches 1.75V (The On Vin
voltage usually corresponds to 86.6V and when Vin = 80Vac,
Vrms = 1.14V), PFC is on.
Before PFC is turned on, Vrms (pin 4) represents the peak
voltage of the AC input. Before PFC is turned off, Vrms (pin 4)
represents the Vrms voltage of the AC input.
The ISENSE pin, as well as being a part of the current
feedback loop, is a direct input to the cycle-by-cycle current
limiter for the PFC section. Should the input voltage at this pin
ever be more negative than –1V, the output of the PFC will be
disabled until the protection flip-flop is reset by the clock pulse
at the start of the next PFC power cycle.
RS is the sensing resistor of the PFC boost converter. During
the steady state, line input current x RSENSE = Imul x 7.75K.
Since the maximum output voltage of the gain modulator is Imul
max x 7.75K≒ 0.8V during the steady state, RSENSE x line
input current will be limited below 0.8V as well. When VEAO
reaches maximum VEAO which is 6V, Isense can reach 0.8V.
At 100% load, VEAO should be around 4.5V and ISENSE
average peak is 0.6V. It will provide the optimal dynamic
response + tolerance of the components.
Therefore, to choose RSENSE, we use the following equation:
RSENSE + RParasitic =0.6V x Vinpeak / (2 x Line Input power)
For example, if the minimum input voltage is 80VAC, and the
maximum input rms power is 200Watt, RSENSE + RParasitic =
(0.6V x 80V x 1.414) / (2 x 200) = 0.169 ohm. The designer
needs to consider the parasitic resistance and the margin of
the power supply and dynamic response. Assume RParasitic =
0.03Ohm, RSENSE = 0.139Ohm.
Current Error Amplifier, IEAO
PFC OVP
The current error amplifier’s output controls the PFC duty
cycle to keep the average current through the boost inductor a
linear function of the line voltage. At the inverting input to the
current error amplifier, the output current of the gain modulator
is summed with a current which results from a negative voltage
being impressed upon the ISENSE pin. The negative voltage on
ISENSE represents the sum of all currents flowing in the PFC
circuit, and is typically derived from a current sense resistor in
series with the negative terminal of the input bridge rectifier.
In the CM6800T, PFC OVP comparator serves to protect the
power circuit from being subjected to excessive voltages if the
load should suddenly change. A resistor divider from the high
voltage DC output of the PFC is fed to VFB. When the voltage
on VFB exceeds ~ 2.75V, the PFC output driver is shut down.
The PWM section will continue to operate. The OVP
comparator has 250mV of hysteresis, and the PFC will not
restart until the voltage at VFB drops below ~ 2.55V. The VFB
power components and the CM6800T are within their safe
operating voltages, but not so low as to interfere with the boost
voltage regulation loop.
In higher power applications, two current transformers are
sometimes used, one to monitor the IF of the boost diode. As
stated above, the inverting input of the current error amplifier is
a virtual ground. Given this fact, and the arrangement of the
duty cycle modulator polarities internal to the PFC, an increase
in positive current from the gain modulator will cause the
output stage to increase its duty cycle until the voltage on
ISENSE is adequately negative to cancel this increased current.
Similarly, if the gain modulator’s output decreases, the output
duty cycle will decrease, to achieve a less negative voltage on
the ISENSE pin.
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
The Current Loop Gain (S)
ΔVISENSE ΔD OFF ΔIEAO
*
*
ΔDOFF
ΔIEAO ΔISENSE
VOUTDC * R S
≈
* GMI * ZCI
S * L * 2.5V
=
ZCI: Compensation Net Work for the Current Loop
GMI: Transconductance of IEAO
VOUTDC: PFC Boost Output Voltage; typical designed value is
380V and we use the worst condition to calculate the ZCI
RSENSE: The Sensing Resistor of the Boost Converter
2.5V: The Amplitude of the PFC Leading Edge Modulation
Ramp(typical)
L: The Boost Inductor
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
16
CM6800T
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
Error Amplifier Compensation
The PWM loading of the PFC can be modeled as a negative
resistor; an increase in input voltage to the PWM causes a
decrease in the input current. This response dictates the
proper compensation of the two transconductance error
amplifiers. Figure 2 shows the types of compensation networks
most commonly used for the voltage and current error
amplifiers, along with their respective return points. The current
loop compensation is returned to VREF to produce a soft-start
characteristic on the PFC: as the reference voltage comes up
from zero volts, it creates a differentiated voltage on IEAO which
prevents the PFC from immediately demanding a full duty
cycle on its boost converter.
PFC Voltage Loop
There are two major concerns when compensating the
voltage loop error amplifier, VEAO; stability and transient
response. Optimizing interaction between transient response
and stability requires that the error amplifier’s open-loop
crossover frequency should be 1/2 that of the line frequency,
or 23Hz for a 47Hz line (lowest anticipated international power
frequency).
deviate from its 2.5V (nominal) value. If this happens, the
transconductance of the voltage error amplifier, GMv will
increase significantly, as shown in the Typical Performance
Characteristics. This raises the gain-bandwidth product of the
voltage loop, resulting in a much more rapid voltage loop
response to such perturbations than would occur with a
conventional linear gain characteristics.
The gain vs. input voltage of the CM6800T’s voltage error
amplifier, VEAO has a specially shaped non-linearity such that
under steady-state operating conditions the transconductance
of the error amplifier, GMv is at a local minimum. Rapid
perturbation in line or load conditions will cause the input to the
voltage error amplifier (VFB) to
ISENSE Filter, the RC filter between RSENSE and ISENSE :
There are 2 purposes to add a filter at ISENSE pin:
1.) Protection: During start up or inrush current conditions, it
will have a large voltage cross Rs which is the sensing
resistor of the PFC boost converter. It requires the ISENSE
Filter to attenuate the energy.
2.) To reduce L, the Boost Inductor: The ISENSE Filter To
reduce L, the Boost Inductor: The ISENSE Filter also can
reduce the Boost Inductor value since the ISENSE Filter
behaves like an integrator before going ISENSE which is the
input of the current error amplifier, IEAO.
The ISENSE Filter is a RC filter. The resistor value of the ISENSE
Filter is between 100 ohm and 50 ohm because IOFFSET x the
resistor can generate an offset voltage of IEAO. By selecting
RFILTER equal to 50 ohm will keep the offset of the IEAO less
than 5mV. Usually, we design the pole of ISENSE Filter at
fpfc/6=8.33Khz, one sixth of the PFC switching frequency.
Therefore, the boost inductor can be reduced 6 times without
disturbing the stability. Therefore, the capacitor of the ISENSE
Filter, CFILTER, will be around 381nF.
The Voltage Loop Gain (S)
ΔVOUT ΔVFB ΔVEAO
*
*
ΔVEAO ΔVOUT ΔVFB
PIN * 2.5V
* GMV * ZCV
≈
2
VOUTDC * ΔVEAO* S * CDC
=
ZCV: Compensation Net Work for the Voltage Loop
GMv: Transconductance of VEAO
PIN: Average PFC Input Power
VOUTDC: PFC Boost Output Voltage; typical designed value is
380V.
CDC: PFC Boost Output Capacitor
PFC Current Loop
The current transcondutance amplifier, GMi, IEAO
compensation is similar to that of the voltage error amplifier,
VEAO with exception of the choice of crossover frequency.
The crossover frequency of thecurrent amplifier should be at
least 10 times that of the voltage amplifier, to prevent
interaction with the voltage loop. It should also be limited to
less than 1/6th that of the switching frequency, e.g. 8.33kHz for
a 50kHz switching frequency.
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
17
CM6800T
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
16
+
1
VEAO
VFB
GMv
2.75V
Rmul
-
+
GMi
IAC
2
4
3
PFC OVP
+
-
0.5V
VFB
Rmul
VCC
-1.0V
ISENSE
-
S
Q
R
Q
S
Q
R
Q
+
VCC
MPPFC
-
PFC OUT
12
Green PFC
0.3V
VEAO
ISENSE
7 RAMP1
PFC
VREF
14
7.5V
REFERENCE
+
PFC ILIMIT
PFC RAMP
VRMS
16.5V
Zener
PFC Tri-Fault
-
GAIN
MODULATOR
-
PFC CMP
.
VFB
15
+
.
.
2.5V
13
IEAO
+
-
MNPFC
17V
ZENER
PFCCLK
.
Figure 1. PFC Section Block Diagram
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
18
CM6800T
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
Oscillator (RAMP1, or called RTCT)
In CM6800T, fRTCT=4xfpwm=4xfpfc fRTCT=272Khz,
fpwm=68Khz and fpfc=68Khz, it provides the best
performance in the PC application.
The oscillator frequency, fRTCT is the similar formula in
CM6800:
fRTCT =
1
tRAMP + tDEADTIME
The dead time of the oscillator is derived from the
following equation:
tRAMP = CT x RT x In VREF − 1.25
VREF − 3.75
at VREF = 7.5V:
tRAMP = CT x RT x 0.51
The dead time of the oscillator may be determined using:
tDEADTIME =
2.5V
x CT = 686.8 x CT
3.64mA
The dead time is so small (tRAMP >> tDEADTIME ) that the
operating frequency can typically be approximately by:
fRTCT =
1
tRAMP
Ct should be greater than 470pF.
Let us use 1000PF Solving for RT yields 5.88K. Selecting
standard components values, CT = 1000pF, and RT =
5.88kΩ
The dead time of the oscillator determined two things:
In current-mode applications, the PWM ramp (RAMP2) is usually
derived directly from a current sensing resistor or current
transformer in the primary of the output stage, and is thereby
representative of the current flowing in the converter’s output
stage. DCILIMIT, which provides cycle-by-cycle current limiting, is
typically connected to RAMP2 in such applications. For
voltage-mode, operation or certain specialized applications,
RAMP2 can be connected to a separate RC timing network to
generate a voltage ramp against which VDC will be compared.
Under these conditions, the use of voltage feed-forward from the
PFC buss can assist in line regulation accuracy and response. As
in current mode operation, the DC ILIMIT input is used for output
stage over-current protection.
No voltage error amplifier is included in the PWM stage of the
CM6800T, as this function is generally performed on the output
side of the PWM’s isolation boundary. To facilitate the design of
opto-coupler feedback circuitry, an offset has been built into the
PWM’s RAMP2 input which allows VDC to command a zero
percent duty cycle for input voltages below around 1.8V.
PWM Current Limit (DCILIMIT)
The DC ILIMIT pin is a direct input to the cycle-by-cycle current
limiter for the PWM section. Should the input voltage at this pin
ever exceed 1V, the output flip-flop is reset by the clock pulse at
the start of the next PWM power cycle. Beside, the cycle-by-cycle
current, when the DC ILIMIT triggered the cycle-by-cycle current.
It will limit PWM duty cycle mode. Therefore, the power
dissipation will be reduced during the dead short condition.
When DCILIMIT pin is connected with RAMP2 pin, the
CM6800T’s PWM section becomes a current mode PWM
controller. Sometimes, network between DCILIMIT and RAMP2 is
a resistor divider so the DCILIMIT’s 1V threshold can be amplified
to 1.8V or higher for easy layout purpose.
1.) PFC minimum off time which is the dead time
2.) PWM skipping reference duty cycle: when the PWM
duty cycle is less than the dead time, the next cycle
will be skipped and it reduces no load consumption
in some applications.
PWM Section
Pulse Width Modulator
PWM Brown Out (380V-OK Comparator)
The 380V-OK comparator monitors the DC output of the PFC
and inhibits the PWM if this voltage on VFB is less than its nominal
2.36V. Once this voltage reaches 2.36V, which corresponds to
the PFC output capacitor being charged to its rated boost voltage,
the soft-start begins. It is a hysteresis comparator and its lower
threshold is 1.35V.
The PWM section of the CM6800T is straightforward, but
there are several points which should be noted. Foremost
among these is its inherent synchronization to the PFC
section of the device, from which it also derives its basic
timing. The PWM is capable of current-mode or
voltage-mode operation.
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
19
CM6800T
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
PWM Control (RAMP2)
When the PWM section is used in current mode, RAMP2 is
generally used as the sampling point for a voltage
representing the current on the primary of the PWM’s output
transformer, derived either by a current sensing resistor or a
current transformer. In voltage mode, it is the input for a ramp
voltage generated by a second set of timing components
(RRAMP2, CRAMP2),that will have a minimum value of zero volts
and should have a peak value of approximately 5V. In voltage
mode operation, feed-forward from the PFC output buss is an
excellent way to derive the timing ramp for the PWM stage.
Soft Start (SS)
A filter network is recommended between VCC (pin 13) and
bootstrap winding. The resistor of the filter can be set as
following.
RFILTER x IVCC ~ 2V, IVCC = IOP + (QPFCFET + QPWMFET ) x fsw
IOP = 3mA (typ.)
EXAMPLE:
With a wanting voltage called, VBIAS ,of 18V, a VCC of 15V
and the CM6800T driving a total gate charge of 90nC at
100kHz (e.g. 1 IRF840 MOSFET and 2 IRF820 MOSFET), the
gate driver current required is:
Start-up of the PWM is controlled by the selection of the
external capacitor at SS. A current source of 10 μ A supplies
IGATEDRIVE = 100kHz x 90nC = 9mA
the charging current for the capacitor, and start-up of the
PWM begins at SS~1.8V. Start-up delay can be programmed
by the following equation:
RBIAS =
CSS = tDELAY x
10 μA
1.8V
RBIAS =
VBIAS − VCC
ICC + IG
18V − 15V
5mA + 9mA
where CSS is the required soft start capacitance, and the tDEALY
is the desired start-up delay.
Choose RBIAS = 214Ω
It is important that the time constant of the PWM soft-start
allow the PFC time to generate sufficient output power for the
PWM section. The PWM start-up delay should be at least
5ms.
Solving for the minimum value of CSS:
ceramic capacitor. In most applications, an electrolytic
capacitor of between 47 μ F and 220 μ F is also required
CSS = 5ms x
The CM6800T should be locally bypassed with a 1.0 μ F
across the part, both for filtering and as part of the start-up
bootstrap circuitry.
Leading/Trailing Modulation
10 μA ≒ 27nF
1.8V
Caution should be exercised when using this minimum soft
start capacitance value because premature charging of the
SS capacitor and activation of the PWM section can result if
VFB is in the hysteresis band of the 380V-OK comparator at
start-up. The magnitude of VFB at start-up is related both to
line voltage and nominal PFC output voltage. Typically, a
0.05 μ F soft start capacitor will allow time for VFB and PFC
Conventional Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) techniques
employ trailing edge modulation in which the switch will turn on
right after the trailing edge of the system clock. The error
amplifier output is then compared with the modulating ramp up.
The effective duty cycle of the trailing edge modulation is
determined during the ON time of the switch. Figure 4 shows a
typical trailing edge control scheme.
out to reach their nominal values prior to activation of the
PWM section at line voltages between 90Vrms and 265Vrms.
Generating VCC
After turning on CM6800T at 13V, the operating voltage can
vary from 10V to 17.9V. That’s the two ways to generate VCC.
One way is to use auxiliary power supply around 15V, and the
other way is to use bootstrap winding to self-bias CM6800T
system. The bootstrap winding can be either taped from PFC
boost choke or from the transformer of the DC to DC stage.
The ratio of winding transformer for the bootstrap should be
set between 18V and 15V.
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
20
CM6800T
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
In case of leading edge modulation, the switch is turned
OFF right at the leading edge of the system clock. When the
modulating ramp reaches the level of the error amplifier output
voltage, the switch will be turned ON. The effective duty-cycle
of the leading edge modulation is determined during OFF time
of the switch.
Figure 5 shows a leading edge control scheme.
One of the advantages of this control technique is that it
required only one system clock. Switch 1(SW1) turns off and
switch 2 (SW2) turns on at the same instant to minimize the
momentary “no-load” period, thus lowering ripple voltage
generated by the switching action. With such synchronized
switching, the ripple voltage of the first stage is reduced.
Calculation and evaluation have shown that the 120Hz
component of the PFC’s output ripple voltage can be reduced
by as much as 30% using this method.
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
21
CM6800T
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
3
APPLICATION CIRCUIT (Voltage Mode)
GBL408
L
+
-
4
1
EMI Circuit
FG
N
IN5406
AC INLET
2
0.22 2W(s)
0.2 2W(s)
1uF/400V
IN5406
GND
47
3M1%
VCC
L1
1M
0.1uf/25v
13
VCC
200K 1%
0.47uF/16V
16
IAC
15
3M 1%
ISENSE
243K
1000pF
Vrms
VDC
PFC OUT
1N4148
0.47uF
2
+
30.1K
4700pF
22K
1
14
470pF
470pF
2K 1%
7
14K 1%
VREF
RAMP1
GND
VREF
10
RAMP2
DCIlim
SS
150uF/450V
10K
E
R16
B
MPS751
10
VCC
IEAO
PWM OUT
13K 1%
20
12
11
C
6
20N60
1
36.5K
0.47uF
4
VFB
B+
1
8A/600V
APS27950
VEAO
0.047uF
1M 1%
2
0.47UF
3
3
+
1M 1%
2
22uF/25V
1N5406
1M
380VDC
2N2222
PWM OUT
8
470
9
470pF/250V
2N2907
PWM IS
5
1000pF
2.49K 1%
820pF
2200PF
0.1uF
470pF
ISO1A
817C
0.047uF
+5V
10.2K 1%
1000PF
L1A
L3
1K
(SPARE)
PWM OUT
10
20N60
+12V
10
ERL-35
10K
+
+
55Ts
BYV-26EGP
30L30
20
BYV-26EGP
10
GND
39.2K 1%
2200PF
+5V
R5*25
1000PF
+
TL431
1
+
2200uF/6.3V
4.75K 1% 1/8W
2200uF/10V
20N60
EI10 PC40
0.1uF
2200uF/16V
L4
L1B
12TS
ERL-35
4.7K
2200uF/16V
1000PF
1uF
R5*25
28TS
3
380VDC
ISO1A
817C
2
10
+12V
10
GND
10K
PWM IS
0.2/2W(S)
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
22
CM6800T
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
3
For Line Sagging Delay Application Circuit (Voltage Mode)
GBL408
L
+
-
4
1
EMI Circuit
FG
N
IN5406
AC INLET
2
0.22 2W(s)
0.2 2W(s)
1uF/400V
IN5406
GND
47
3M1%
VCC
L1
1M
0.1uf/25v
1M 1%
13
0.47uF/16V
3
VCC
200K 1%
16
IAC
15
243K
1000pF
Vrms
VDC
PFC OUT
1N4148
0.47uF
2
+
30.1K
4700pF
22K
1
14
13K 1%
470pF
2K 1%
7
14K 1%
VREF
RAMP1
GND
VREF
10
RAMP2
DCIlim
SS
1000pF
2.49K 1%
150uF/450V
E
10K
B
MPS751
10
11
2N2222
PWM OUT
8
470
9
470pF/250V
2N2907
PWM IS
5
820pF
10K
0.1uF
R16
VCC
IEAO
PWM OUT
470pF
20
12
C
6
20N60
1
36.5K
0.47uF
4
VFB
B+
1
8A/600V
APS27950
3M 1%
ISENSE
VEAO
0.047uF
1M 1%
2
0.47UF
3
+
2
22uF/25V
1N5406
1M
380VDC
2200PF
470pF
IN4148
ISO1A
817C
1uF
+5V
10.2K 1%
1000PF
L1A
L3
1K
(SPARE)
PWM OUT
10
20N60
+12V
10
ERL-35
10K
28TS
+
+
55Ts
BYV-26EGP
30L30
20
BYV-26EGP
10
0.1uF
39.2K 1%
2200PF
+5V
R5*25
1000PF
+
TL431
1
+
2200uF/6.3V
4.75K 1% 1/8W
2200uF/10V
20N60
EI10 PC40
GND
L4
L1B
12TS
ERL-35
4.7K
2200uF/16V
2200uF/16V
1000PF
1uF
R5*25
3
380VDC
ISO1A
817C
2
10
+12V
10
GND
10K
PWM IS
0.2/2W(S)
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
23
CM6800T
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
3
APPLICATION CIRCUIT (Current Mode)
GBL408
L
+
-
4
1
EMI Circuit
FG
N
IN5406
AC INLET
2
0.22 2W(s)
0.2 2W(s)
1uF/400V
IN5406
GND
47
3M1%
VCC
1M
0.1uf/25v
VCC
200K 1%
0.47uF/16V
16
ISENSE
IAC
15
243K
3M 1%
VFB
Vrms
VDC
PFC OUT
1N4148
0.47uF
2
4
1000pF
+
20
4700pF
22K
1
14
470pF
470pF
7
2K 1%
14K 1%
VREF
RAMP1
GND
1000pF
2.49K 1%
VREF
10
0.1uF
RAMP2
DCIlim
SS
B
MPS751
10
11
2N2222
PWM OUT
8
9
PWM IS
470
470pF/250V
2N2907
5
2200PF
470pF
ISO1A
817C
0.047uF
+5V
10.2K 1%
1000PF
L1A
L3
1K
(SPARE)
10
20N60
+12V
10
ERL-35
10K
R5*25
28TS
+
+
55Ts
BYV-26EGP
30L30
20
BYV-26EGP
10
0.1uF
39.2K 1%
2200PF
+5V
R5*25
1000PF
+
TL431
1
+
2200uF/6.3V
4.75K 1% 1/8W
2200uF/10V
20N60
EI10 PC40
GND
L4
L1B
12TS
ERL-35
4.7K
2200uF/16V
2200uF/16V
1000PF
1uF
ISO1A
817C
3
380VDC
+12V
2
10
PWM OUT
150uF/450V
10K
E
R16
VCC
IEAO
PWM OUT
13K 1%
12
C
6
20N60
1
36.5K
0.47uF
B+
1
8A/600V
APS27950
VEAO
0.047uF
1M 1%
2
0.47UF
3
3
13
1M 1%
2
22uF/25V
380VDC
1N5406
1M
L1
+
10
GND
10K
PWM IS
0.2/2W(S)
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
24
CM6800T
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
3
For Line Sagging Delay Application Circuit (Current Mode)
GBL408
L
+
-
4
1
EMI Circuit
FG
N
IN5406
AC INLET
2
0.22 2W(s)
0.2 2W(s)
1uF/400V
IN5406
GND
47
3M1%
VCC
L1
1M
0.1uf/25v
13
VCC
200K 1%
0.47uF/16V
16
ISENSE
IAC
15
VFB
Vrms
APS27950
1N4148
0.47uF
2
4
1000pF
+
20
4700pF
22K
1
PFC OUT
PWM OUT
14
470pF
13K 1%
470pF
7
2K 1%
14K 1%
VREF
RAMP1
GND
VREF
R16
VCC
IEAO
10
RAMP2
DCIlim
SS
150uF/450V
10K
E
VDC
12
B
MPS751
10
11
C
6
20N60
1
36.5K
0.47uF
B+
1
8A/600V
243K
3M 1%
VEAO
0.047uF
1M 1%
2
0.47UF
3
3
+
1M 1%
2
22uF/25V
380VDC
1N5406
1M
2N2222
PWM OUT
8
9
PWM IS
470
470pF/250V
2N2907
5
1000pF
2.49K 1%
10K
0.1uF
2200PF
470pF
IN4148
ISO1A
817C
1uF
+5V
10.2K 1%
1000PF
L1A
L3
1K
(SPARE)
10
20N60
+12V
10
ERL-35
10K
+
+
55Ts
BYV-26EGP
30L30
20
BYV-26EGP
10
0.1uF
39.2K 1%
2200PF
+5V
R5*25
1000PF
+
TL431
1
+
2200uF/6.3V
4.75K 1% 1/8W
2200uF/10V
20N60
EI10 PC40
GND
L4
L1B
12TS
ERL-35
4.7K
2200uF/16V
2200uF/16V
1000PF
1uF
R5*25
28TS
3
380VDC
PWM OUT
ISO1A
817C
2
10
+12V
10
GND
10K
PWM IS
0.2/2W(S)
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
25
CM6800T
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
PACKAGE DIMENSION
16-PIN SOP (S16)
θ
θ
16-PIN PDIP (P16)
PIN 1 ID
θ
θ
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
26
CM6800T
http://www.championmicro.com.tw
(Turbo-Speed PFC+Green PWM)
EPA/85+ PFC+PWM COMBO CONTROLLER
Design for High Efficient Power Supply
IMPORTANT NOTICE
Champion Microelectronic Corporation (CMC) reserves the right to make changes to its products or to
discontinue any integrated circuit product or service without notice, and advises its customers to obtain
the latest version of relevant information to verify, before placing orders, that the information being relied
on is current.
A few applications using integrated circuit products may involve potential risks of death, personal injury,
or severe property or environmental damage. CMC integrated circuit products are not designed,
intended, authorized, or warranted to be suitable for use in life-support applications, devices or systems
or other critical applications. Use of CMC products in such applications is understood to be fully at the
risk of the customer. In order to minimize risks associated with the customer’s applications, the
customer should provide adequate design and operating safeguards.
HsinChu Headquarter
Sales & Marketing
5F, No. 11, Park Avenue II,
Science-Based Industrial Park,
HsinChu City, Taiwan
21F., No. 96, Sec. 1, Sintai 5th Rd., Sijhih City,
Taipei County 22102,
Taiwan, R.O.C.
T E L : +886-3-567 9979
F A X : +886-3-567 9909
http://www.champion-micro.com
T E L : +886-2-2696 3558
F A X : +886-2-2696 3559
2010/08/03 Rev. 1.2
Champion Microelectronic Corporation
27