Application Note AN_197 FT232 Emulation with a Vinculum-II

Application Note
AN_197
FT232 Emulation with a
Vinculum-II
Version 1.0
Issue Date: 2011-12-20
The Vinculum-II (VNC2) is a versatile dual channel USB host/device with
many applications. This document describes how to configure a Vinculum-II
USB port to emulate the functions of the FTDI FT232 USB-Serial converter.
Use of FTDI devices in life support and/or safety applications is entirely at the user’s risk, and the
user agrees to defend, indemnify and hold harmless FTDI from any and all damages, claims, suits
or expense resulting from such use.
Future Technology Devices International Limited (FTDI)
Unit 1, 2 Seaward Place, Glasgow G41 1HH, United Kingdom
Tel.: +44 (0) 141 429 2777 Fax: + 44 (0) 141 429 2758
Web Site: http://ftdichip.com
Copyright © 2011 Future Technology Devices International Limited
Application Note
AN_197 FT232 Emulation with a Vinculum-II
Version 1.0
Document Reference No.: FT_000548
Clearance No.: FTDI# 238
Table of Contents
1
2
3
4
5
Introduction .................................................................................................................................... 2
1.1
Vinculum-II .............................................................................................................................. 2
1.2
Vinculum Operating System and Toolchain ............................................................................ 3
1.3
FT232....................................................................................................................................... 3
Example VNC2 application .............................................................................................................. 4
2.1
Execution Start: main() ........................................................................................................... 5
2.2
Threads: uartTx() and uartRx() ............................................................................................... 5
2.3
UART Initialization ................................................................................................................... 5
2.4
USB Initialization ..................................................................................................................... 6
2.5
GPIO Initialization ................................................................................................................... 6
Compiling and Running the Application ......................................................................................... 7
3.1
V2-EVAL configuration ............................................................................................................ 7
3.2
Vinculum-II Toolchain Configuration and Project Build .......................................................... 9
3.3
Run the Application............................................................................................................... 10
Program Notes .............................................................................................................................. 12
4.1
Limitations............................................................................................................................. 12
4.2
Further development ............................................................................................................ 12
4.3
Use your imagination!........................................................................................................... 12
Contact Information...................................................................................................................... 13
Appendix A – References ...................................................................................................................... 14
Document References....................................................................................................................... 14
Acronyms and Abbreviations ............................................................................................................ 14
Appendix B – List of Tables and Figures ................................................................................................ 15
List of Tables ..................................................................................................................................... 15
List of Figures .................................................................................................................................... 15
Appendix C – Revision History .............................................................................................................. 16
1
Copyright © 2011 Future Technology Devices International Limited
Application Note
AN_197 FT232 Emulation with a Vinculum-II
Version 1.0
Document Reference No.: FT_000548
Clearance No.: FTDI# 238
1 Introduction
The Vinculum-II (VNC2) can be used in a variety of applications. Each of the two USB ports can
operate as a Host or Peripheral (aka slave). Layered functions provide specific functions such as
HID (keyboards, mice, etc.), BOMS (USB thumb drives) and FT232 emulation. The VNC2 can also
be configured to utilize a number of functions available within the devices such as UART, SPI, FIFO
and GPIO.
Through the VNC2 Toolchain, it is possible to couple the USB peripheral driver, the FT232 slave
layered driver and the UART driver in order to emulate the functionality of a FT232B or FT232R IC.
At first glance this may seem like extra effort is needed to create something already done directly
in silicon. However, when the power of the VNC2 is coupled with these functions it may be
possible to eliminate a discrete microcontroller from a design and incorporate all the required
functions within VNC2 itself.
The project files and source code for this application can be downloaded from
http://www.ftdichip.com/Support/SoftwareExamples/VinculumIIProjects/AN_197_Source_Code.zip
The following hardware and software tools are used in this application:
Vinculum-II Toolchain – the development environment for the VNC2
V2-EVAL kit with USB A-B cable, USB A-B adapter and external power supply
An additional USB A-B cable
USBView – a utility used to display USB device configuration and location information
Terminal program – any serial terminal program such as CoolTerm or HyperTerminal. The
V2-EVAL Terminal Utility can be used for the one port that goes through the V2-EVAL.
FTDI Device Drivers – These device drivers are used in conjunction with FTDI ICs to
provide a host PC with D2XX and/or Virtual COM Ports. Note that FTDI drivers may be
used only in conjunction with products based on FTDI parts.
Links to the various tools and applications are available in Appendix B.
By following the project outlined within, designers will be able to:
Program the VNC2 with the basic USB slave to UART functionality of the FT232
View the USB configuration data on the host PC
Demonstrate USB to UART functionality
Be prepared to include additional functionality for their own projects
It is assumed that the reader has installed the Vinculum-II Toolchain and understands how to load
and compile projects. Full details on Vinculum-II Toolchain operation are found in AN_151
Vinculum-II User Guide.
1.1 Vinculum-II
The Vinculum-II, or VNC2, is a programmable USB 2.0 host / peripheral controller. It incorporates
two USB 2.0 ports that can each operate as a host or slave at full- or low-speed. It is controlled
by a 16-bit Harvard MCU core with 256Kbytes of flash program memory and 16Kbytes of RAM.
Also connected to the MCU are numerous peripherals: UART, SPI, FIFO, PWM and GPIO. An IO
Multiplexor (IO Mux) detects the VNC2 package size and then configures the pin functions at runtime. Six package sizes are available for the VNC2 (32-, 48- and 64-pin in LQFP and QFN).
Details on the IOMux are described in AN_139 Vinculum-II IO Mux Explained.
2
Copyright © 2011 Future Technology Devices International Limited
Application Note
AN_197 FT232 Emulation with a Vinculum-II
Version 1.0
Document Reference No.: FT_000548
Clearance No.: FTDI# 238
1.2 Vinculum Operating System and Toolchain
Vinculum-II applications revolve around the Vinculum Operating System (VOS). This is a true
multi-threaded real-time operating system (RTOS) that underpins all the applications that run on
the VNC2. Application programs access the VNC2 resources through an abstraction layer similar in
concept to modern desktop operating systems.
The VOS and device drivers for each of the VNC2 functions are provided royalty-free as part of the
Vinculum-II Toolchain, the Integrated Development Environment (IDE). Application development,
in-circuit programming and debugging capabilities complement the compiler and linker which are
designed to enable rapid development. Applications are written in C. Numerous examples and
even source code for emulating the previous Vinculum-I are included.
1.3 FT232
The main function of the FTDI FT232R/B devices is to provide a USB slave to UART bridge. It is
commonly used to convert existing serial devices to USB as with a common cable such as the
US232R-100. Over time developers have removed the RS232 ports on their products and
incorporated the FT232 onto their boards.
Many designs that contain the FT232 also contain a microcontroller. With the introduction of the
VNC2, designers now have the possibility to eliminate this external microcontroller and roll both
the FT232 and microcontroller functionality into a single device. This reduces board size
requirements, component count and overall cost.
3
Copyright © 2011 Future Technology Devices International Limited
Application Note
AN_197 FT232 Emulation with a Vinculum-II
Version 1.0
Document Reference No.: FT_000548
Clearance No.: FTDI# 238
2 Example VNC2 application
This application illustrates how to configure a VNC2 to function similar to the FTDI FT232. The
block diagram in Figure 2.1 shows the basic functionality of the application.
3V3
VREGOUT
VNC2
UART
XTIN
XTOUT
DEBUGGER I/F
1V8 PLL IN
UART DATA
USB1
USB
PC
USB Host
Port
TEST
UART
DEVICE
(FT4232H on
V2-EVAL)
VCCIO
3V3VREGIN
RESET
PROG#
1V8
12MHz
GND
Figure 2.1 Block Diagram of VNC2 Emulating a FT232
The V2-EVAL board is used in this application. On the V2-EVAL board, a FTDI FT4232H provides
several functions, including a connection to the VNC2 UART and the debug interface. Another
VNC2 circuit could be substituted for the V2-EVAL. The UART interface operates at 3.3V logic
levels.
This application began with the “USBSlaveFT232App” example application provided with the
Vinculum-II Toolchain download. Throughout the source code, there are several comments that
look like:
/* FTDI:SDD Driver Declarations */
// UART Driver configuration context
uart_context_t uartContext;
// GPIO Port A configuration context
gpio_context_t gpioContextA;
// USB Slave FT232 configuration context
usbSlaveFt232_init_t usbslaveFT232Context;
/* FTDI:EDD */
Notice the “FTDI:SDD” and “FTDI:EDD”. These are indications that the block of code contained
within the two markers was generated by the Application Wizard. This utility is invoked right
through the IDE and provides a quick method of generating an application shell with most of the
code required for configuration of the VNC2 at run time. Execution of the Application Wizard is
described in AN_151 Vinculum-II User Guide.
The full Vinculum-II Toolchain project is available for free from the FTDI Web Site. A link to the
code is provided at the end of this document. Numerous comments describing the code are
included throughout the project.
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Copyright © 2011 Future Technology Devices International Limited
Application Note
AN_197 FT232 Emulation with a Vinculum-II
Version 1.0
Document Reference No.: FT_000548
Clearance No.: FTDI# 238
Note that this code is provided for demonstration purposes only and not guaranteed or supported
by FTDI.
Each major section of the code is discussed below.
2.1 Execution Start: main()
As with most C programs, this is where program execution starts. The VNC2 is configured for USB
port type, pin functions and thread creation within this function.
In this application the first USB port, the UART and a GPIO output pins are configured through a
call to iomux_setup(). This function is defined in the project file USBSlaveFT232Emu_iomux.c,
also created by the Application Wizard.
Next, a semaphore is initialized to zero. The application has two threads. One of them completes
the device configuration after the scheduler is started. The semaphore prevents the second thread
from processing any data until after the first thread is done configuring everything.
The final task of main() is to start the VOS scheduler. The last two lines of the function are a tight
loop at the lowest priority. At this point, the operation of the VNC2 is completely defined for this
application. No further configuration is possible once the scheduler is started.
2.2 Threads: uartTx() and uartRx()
The uartTx and uartRx threads perform the same function, but in opposite directions. The uartTx
thread also takes care of the various setup tasks.
The uartRx thread reads data from the UART and copies that data to the USB port. Before uartRx
can start processing data, it must wait on the semaphore. By calling vos_wait_semaphore(), the
semaphore count is decremented (i.e. now made less than zero). The thread is then blocked until
the uartTx thread completes its setup tasks.
The uartTx thread starts by obtaining handles to all the base devices (USBSlave, UART and GPIO).
It then attaches the USBSlaveFT232 layered driver to USBSlave and obtains that handle. Next, it
initializes the UART parameters and GPIO direction. It then calls vos_signal_semaphore() which
increments the semaphore count back to zero and unblocks the uartRx thread. Finally, it reads
data from the USB port and copies that data to the UART port.
At this point, both threads are in their respective while(1) loops and processing data through the
VNC2.
2.3 UART Initialization
One of the uartTx initialization tasks is to configure the UART. The function open_drivers() opens
the three peripherals used in this application, USBSlave, UART and GPIO. This is followed with a
call to initalize_uart() where all of the UART parameters are defined:
Baud Rate = 9600bps
Flow Control = RTS/CTS
Number of Data Bits = 8
Number of Stop Bits = 1
Parity = none
In addition, the DMA controller is enabled for the UART port. DMA allows for more efficient data
routing between the UART and memory and frees the VNC2 core for other tasks.
Note that all of the UART parameters must match the device to which the UART is connected. In
the case of this example, the UART is connected to Port A of the FT4232H on the V2-EVAL board.
A common terminal program will be used with matching settings.
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Copyright © 2011 Future Technology Devices International Limited
Application Note
AN_197 FT232 Emulation with a Vinculum-II
Version 1.0
Document Reference No.: FT_000548
Clearance No.: FTDI# 238
2.4 USB Initialization
The USB port is initialized in two steps. As noted for the UART initialization, the function
open_drivers() opens the USB port along with the other peripherals. Following the open, a call to
attach_drivers() results in another call to ft232_slave_attach(). It is within ft232_slave_attach()
that the handle to the FT232Slave is obtained, various USB configuration descriptors are set and
finally the FT232Slave driver is layered (attached) to the USBSlave driver. All data through the
USB port is then accessed through calls to the FT232Slave driver rather than its underlying
USBSlave driver. The table below shows the relationship of driver layer as the FT232 emulation is
built from the bottom up.
FT232 Slave Driver Heirarchy
USBSlaveFT232 Driver
USBSlave Driver
VOS Kernel
VNC2 USB Slave Port (hardware)
Table 2.1 USB Slave Driver Heirarchy
Several USB configuration descriptors are fixed, such as the type of transfer, number of endpoints,
packet size, etc. Other descriptors can be changed. This application demonstrates setting all of
the changeable descriptors:
Vendor ID = 0x0403 (for FTDI)
Product ID = 0x6001 (for a FTDI single-port device)
Manufacturer String = “ACME Ltd”
Product Description String = “VNC2 as FT232”
USB Serial Number String = “VNC20001”
Power Type = Self Powered with remote wakeup disabled
Power Requirement = 2mA
DMA does not specifically need to be enabled for the USBSlave or FT232Slave devices. This is
done by default when these drivers are used.
Full details on the USB configuration descriptors available to the VNC2 are described in AN 168
Vinculum-II USB Slave Customizing an FT232 Device.
2.5 GPIO Initialization
The final configuration task performed by uartTx() is to configure GPIO Port A, bit 7 as output. In
this example this bit is connected to a LED on the V2-EVAL board and used to display when data is
flowing in either direction.
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Copyright © 2011 Future Technology Devices International Limited
Application Note
AN_197 FT232 Emulation with a Vinculum-II
Version 1.0
Document Reference No.: FT_000548
Clearance No.: FTDI# 238
3 Compiling and Running the Application
3.1 V2-EVAL configuration
The V2-EVAL requires the following configuration. These connections and settings are also shown
in Figure 3.2 below.
1. Enable the “USB Terminal” function by setting JP11 to the ON position. The red Terminal
Active LED will be illuminated while the V2-EVAL is powered-up and JP11 is ON.
2. Disable the “VBUS Enable” connection for USB1 by removing JP3. It can be stored on a
single pin to avoid loss.
NOTE: Failure to remove this jumper may result in damage to the attached Host PC or
hub, the V2-EVAL or both.
3. Connect JP12 to the “P.S.” position. Apply 5VDC from the supplied power supply to the
V2-EVAL through the power port, CN13, and turn SW7 to the ON position.
4. Connect a USB A-B cable to CN12 and the host PC or hub running the Vinculum-II
Toolchain.
a.
Install the device drivers. Windows Vista and Windows 7 with default settings will
obtain the drivers directly from Microsoft Windows Update. See the appropriate
installation guide if the operating system is running Windows XP or before, or has
settings to prevent Windows Update driver downloads.
b.
Two COM ports will be assigned. Note the COM port number with the smaller
number. This will be used later with the terminal program. The COM port number
can be found through the Windows Device Manager.
Figure 3.1 V2-EVAL UART (Port A)
5. Connect a second USB A-B cable to the host PC or hub. Double-check to ensure JP3 is
removed. Connect the B end to the A-B adapter and then plug the adapter into USB Port 1
on the V2-EVAL, CN1.
NOTE: The A-B adapter is only for use for development or test purposes. It is not
intended for use in normal end-user applications. Hardware designs that use the VNC2 as
a USB slave device should use one of the standard B-type peripheral connectors (regular,
mini or micro).
6. LED1 is used to indicate data traffic in both directions. A single LED is used due to the
limited number of pins available for the 32-pin VNC2 packages. Any size VNC2 may be
used, and each direction can have its own traffic LED.
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Copyright © 2011 Future Technology Devices International Limited
Application Note
AN_197 FT232 Emulation with a Vinculum-II
Version 1.0
Document Reference No.: FT_000548
Clearance No.: FTDI# 238
Figure 3.2 V2-EVAL Setup
8
Copyright © 2011 Future Technology Devices International Limited
Application Note
AN_197 FT232 Emulation with a Vinculum-II
Version 1.0
Document Reference No.: FT_000548
Clearance No.: FTDI# 238
3.2 Vinculum-II Toolchain Configuration and Project Build
1. Open the Vinculum-II Toolchain IDE (hereafter referred to as the IDE).
2. Open the USBSlaveFT232Emu.vproj project.
Figure 3.3 Vinculum-II Toolchain Showing Source Code
3. Display and review the source code, USBSlaveFT232Emu.c and
USBSlaveFT232Emu_iomux.c.
a.
Note the various functions outlined in Section 2.
4. Click on the Build tab and build the ROM file. (The warnings during the build can be
ingored.)
a.
If a debug build configuration is selected, interactive debugging such as single-step
and breakpoints can be used.
b.
If a release build configuration is selected, debug functions are disabled.
Figure 3.4 Building the Application
5. Click on the Debug tab.
a.
Select “V2EVAL Board C” as the debugger interface. There may be additional
digits following the debug interface name.
b.
Click on the Flash button to download the newly compiled file.
9
Copyright © 2011 Future Technology Devices International Limited
Application Note
AN_197 FT232 Emulation with a Vinculum-II
Version 1.0
Document Reference No.: FT_000548
Clearance No.: FTDI# 238
Figure 3.5 Programming the Application into the VNC2 Flash
Full details on Vinculum-II Toolchain operation are found in AN_151 Vinculum-II User Guide.
3.3 Run the Application
1. If a debug build configuration was selected, click the Start button in the IDE. If a release
build configuration was selected, either click the Start button in the IDE or press the
hardware reset button (SW6) on the V2-EVAL board.
2. As the VNC2 is configured through the application firmware, the USB Slave device and
FT232 layered drivers are initialized and recognized by the host operating system. To view
the new device, open the Device Manager and make note of the newly added COM port
number.
Figure 3.6 New VNC2 COM Port
3. Open two instances of a COM port terminal program. The V2-EVAL Terminal Utility can be
used for the UART that is connected through the FT4232H on the V2-EVAL.
4. If using the V2-EVAL Terminal Utility, select “V2EVAL Board A”. If using another terminal
program, select the COM port number noted in Section 3.1, item 4b. The port will need to
be set for 9600bps, no parity, 8 data bits and one stop bit with RTS/CTS flow control.
Figure 3.7 shows the V2-EVAL Terminal Utility connected to V2EVAL Board:
Figure 3.7 V2-EVAL Terminal on Port A
Note that throughout this example, the “V2-EVAL Board A” has been assigned to COM6.
5. For the second terminal program, select the COM port number noted in step 2 in this
section. Baud rate and port parameters are not passed from the host PC to the VNC2.
10
Copyright © 2011 Future Technology Devices International Limited
Application Note
AN_197 FT232 Emulation with a Vinculum-II
Version 1.0
Document Reference No.: FT_000548
Clearance No.: FTDI# 238
They are configured as noted in Section2.3 Also see section 4.1, below, regarding this
limitation.
Figure 3.8 CoolTerm on COM3 (VNC2 as FT232)
6. Finally, make sure both terminal connections are active.
7. Data entered in one terminal will appear in the other and vice-versa. In Figure 3.9, “Hello
World” was typed into the V2EVAL Board A window and “VNC as FT232” was typed in the
CoolTerm window. If data appears in both windows when typing, the “Local Echo” function
of the terminal is likely enabled.
Figure 3.9 Data Transfer Between Ports
11
Copyright © 2011 Future Technology Devices International Limited
Application Note
AN_197 FT232 Emulation with a Vinculum-II
Version 1.0
Document Reference No.: FT_000548
Clearance No.: FTDI# 238
4 Program Notes
4.1 Limitations
This application note shows how to use the VNC2 as if it were a FT232 device. There are a few
limitations that should be noted:
The USB configuration descriptors are defined within the VNC2 source code and resulting
ROM file. Utilities such as FT_Prog are not designed to be used with the VNC2 to modify
these descriptors.
The UART parameters (baud rate, flow control, etc.) are also defined in the VNC2 code.
COM port settings configured in the host PC terminal program, or other application, are not
passed through and have no effect on the VNC2 UART.
The VNC2 I/O signals operate at 3.3V and are 5V tolerant where the FT232R and FT232B
can operate over a wider voltage range as noted in the respective datasheets.
4.2 Further development
This application demonstrates a simple USB peripheral to UART bridge. While this is readily
available with the FT232-series parts, this function is only tapping a small portion of the data
processing capabilities and other peripherals available inside the VNC2. Other tasks can be
performed, such as:
Data processing – Read data from either from the PC host or UART and then act on or
modify it before sending it to the other port.
Other peripherals – Use the SPI, PWM, USB Host. For example a VNC2 application could
use USB1 to connect to a PC as shown here while also making the USB Host port available
for a thumb drive. In the field the thumb drive is used for data logging. When the device
is brought back to a host PC, the FT232Slave can be used to retrieve the data from the
thumb drive.
USB Slave Connect/Disconnect – There may be applications that need to dynamically
attach and detach the USB Slave drivers based on whether a USB cable is connected. This
is explained in AN_163 Vinculum-II USB Slave Detecting Disconnect and not covered here.
Designs destined for USB-IF certification will need this detection mechanism added to the
VNC2 application.
4.3 Use your imagination!
The VNC2 can be used to replace not only a FT232 but also utilize the MCU functionality to perform
multiple tasks and eliminate the need for a discrete MCU chip. This saves board space, bill-ofmaterials count and money.
12
Copyright © 2011 Future Technology Devices International Limited
Application Note
AN_197 FT232 Emulation with a Vinculum-II
Version 1.0
Document Reference No.: FT_000548
Clearance No.: FTDI# 238
5 Contact Information
Head Office – Glasgow, UK
Branch Office – Hillsboro, Oregon, USA
Future Technology Devices International Limited
Unit 1, 2 Seaward Place, Centurion Business Park
Glasgow G41 1HH
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 (0) 141 429 2777
Fax: +44 (0) 141 429 2758
Future Technology Devices International Limited (USA)
7235 NW Evergreen Parkway, Suite 600
Hillsboro, OR 97123-5803
USA
Tel: +1 (503) 547 0988
Fax: +1 (503) 547 0987
E-mail (Sales)
E-mail (Support)
E-mail (General Enquiries)
E-Mail (Sales)
E-Mail (Support)
E-Mail (General Enquiries)
sales1@ftdichip.com
support1@ftdichip.com
admin1@ftdichip.com
us.sales@ftdichip.com
us.support@ftdichip.com
us.admin@ftdichip.com
Branch Office – Taipei, Taiwan
Branch Office – Shanghai, China
Future Technology Devices International Limited
(Taiwan)
2F, No. 516, Sec. 1, NeiHu Road
Taipei 114
Taiwan , R.O.C.
Tel: +886 (0) 2 8791 3570
Fax: +886 (0) 2 8791 3576
Future Technology Devices International Limited
(China)
Room 408, 317 Xianxia Road,
Shanghai, 200051
China
Tel: +86 21 62351596
Fax: +86 21 62351595
E-mail (Sales)
E-mail (Support)
E-mail (General Enquiries)
E-mail (Sales)
E-mail (Support)
E-mail (General Enquiries)
tw.sales1@ftdichip.com
tw.support1@ftdichip.com
tw.admin1@ftdichip.com
cn.sales@ftdichip.com
cn.support@ftdichip.com
cn.admin@ftdichip.com
Web Site
http://ftdichip.com
System and equipment manufacturers and designers are responsible to ensure that their systems, and any Future Technology
Devices International Ltd (FTDI) devices incorporated in their systems, meet all applicable safety, regulatory and system-level
performance requirements. All application-related information in this document (including application descriptions, suggested
FTDI devices and other materials) is provided for reference only. While FTDI has taken care to assure it is accurate, this
information is subject to customer confirmation, and FTDI disclaims all liability for system designs and for any applications
assistance provided by FTDI. Use of FTDI devices in life support and/or safety applications is entirely at the user’s risk, and the
user agrees to defend, indemnify and hold harmless FTDI from any and all damages, claims, suits or expense resulting from
such use. This document is subject to change without notice. No freedom to use patents or other intellectual property rights is
implied by the publication of this document. Neither the whole nor any part of the information contained in, or the product
described in this document, may be adapted or reproduced in any material or electronic form without the prior written consent
of the copyright holder. Future Technology Devices International Ltd, Unit 1, 2 Seaward Place, Centurion Business Park,
Glasgow G41 1HH, United Kingdom. Scotland Registered Company Number: SC136640
13
Copyright © 2011 Future Technology Devices International Limited
Application Note
AN_197 FT232 Emulation with a Vinculum-II
Version 1.0
Document Reference No.: FT_000548
Clearance No.: FTDI# 238
Appendix A – References
Document References
http://www.ftdichip.com/Support/SoftwareExamples/VinculumIIProjects/AN_197_Source_Code.zip
Vinculum-II Toolchain
AN_139 Vinculum-II IO Mux Explained
AN_151 Vinculum-II User Guide
AN_163 Vinculum-II USB Slave Detecting Disconnect
Vinculum-II Datasheet
V2-EVAL Evaluation and Prototyping Platform for VNC2
FT232B Datasheet
FT232R Datasheet
FTDI Device Drivers
CoolTerm – A freely available third-party terminal program
Acronyms and Abbreviations
Terms
Description
BOMS
Bulk-Only Mass Storage
FIFO
First-In First-Out
GPIO
General Purpose Input/Output
HID
IC
IDE
IOMux
Human Interface Device
Integrated Circuit
Integrated Development Environment
Input/Output Multiplexor
MCU
Microcontroller
PWM
Pulse-width Modulation
RTS/CTS
SPI
UART
USB
USB-IF
Request To Send / Clear To Send Hardware Flow Control
Serial Peripheral Interconnect
Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter
Universal Serial Bus
USB Implementers Forum
14
Copyright © 2011 Future Technology Devices International Limited
Application Note
AN_197 FT232 Emulation with a Vinculum-II
Version 1.0
Document Reference No.: FT_000548
Clearance No.: FTDI# 238
Appendix B – List of Tables and Figures
List of Tables
Table 2.1 USB Slave Driver Heirarchy .................................................................................... 6
List of Figures
Figure 2.1 Block Diagram of VNC2 Emulating a FT232 ............................................................. 4
Figure 3.1 V2-EVAL UART (Port A)......................................................................................... 7
Figure 3.2 V2-EVAL Setup .................................................................................................... 8
Figure 3.3 Vinculum-II Toolchain Showing Source Code ........................................................... 9
Figure 3.4 Building the Application ........................................................................................ 9
Figure 3.5 Programming the Application into the VNC2 Flash .................................................. 10
Figure 3.6 New VNC2 COM Port .......................................................................................... 10
Figure 3.7 V2-EVAL Terminal on Port A ................................................................................ 10
Figure 3.8 CoolTerm on COM3 (VNC2 as FT232) ................................................................... 11
Figure 3.9 Data Transfer Between Ports ............................................................................... 11
15
Copyright © 2011 Future Technology Devices International Limited
Application Note
AN_197 FT232 Emulation with a Vinculum-II
Version 1.0
Document Reference No.: FT_000548
Clearance No.: FTDI# 238
Appendix C – Revision History
Document Title:
AN_197 FT232 Emulation with a Vinculum-II
Document Reference No.:
FT_000548
Clearance No.:
FTDI# 238
Product Page:
http://www.ftdichip.com/Products/ICs/VNC2.htm
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Revision
1.0
Changes
Initial Release
Date
2011-12-20
16
Copyright © 2011 Future Technology Devices International Limited