AVR2015: RZRAVEN Quick Start Guide

AVR2015: RZRAVEN Quick Start Guide
Features
• Introduces the AVR Wireless Services PC Suite.
- Wireless Protocol Analyzer.
- ZigBee coordinator mode.
• Introduces the applications on the RZRAVEN kit.
- AirCapture (Back-end for the Wireless Protocol Analyzer).
- Send and receive text messages.
- Distributed sensor reading.
- Over-the-Air firmware upgrade.
8-bit
Microcontrollers
Application Note
1 Introduction
This application note describes how to get started with the RZRAVEN kit. The
RZRAVEN kit is built around three main components; the hardware itself, the
firmware running in the RZUSBSTICK and AVRRAVENs, and the AVR Wireless
Services PC suite. This document describes how to install the AVR Wireless PC
Suite, use its different features and how to operate the AVRRAVENs accordingly.
An introduction to the hardware platform is given in another document, AVR2016.
Figure 1-1. The RZRAVEN Kit.
Rev. 8120B-AVR-03/08
2 Getting Started with the RZRAVEN Kit
This section gives an introduction to what the RZRAVEN kit contains and its system
requirements. Brief instructions are given at end on how to get the kit running in the
shortest amount of time. See Figure 2-1 for a system overview of the RZRAVEN kit
and AVR Wireless Services software.
Figure 2-1 System Overview
Personal Computer
Socket
Socket
TCP/IP
Socket
AVR Wireless
Services Suite
Socket
Local Host or
Remote PC
RF Services Server
USB
DRIVER
RZUSBSTICK
AVRRAVEN
2
USB
DRIVER
RZUSBSTICK
AVRRAVEN
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2.1 Unpacking the System
Kit contents:
•
•
•
•
•
•
(2 pcs) AVRRAVEN boards.
(1 pc) RZUSBSTICK board.
(4 pcs) LR44 batteries (Mounted).
(5 pcs) dual row 10-pin headers (50 mil spacing).
(1 pc) 50-mil to 100-mil JTAG adapter.
Partner Deliverables (Flyers and/or CD).
2.2 System Requirements
Before using the AVR Wireless Services application with the RZRAVEN kit, users
must observe minimum system requirements in Table 2-1.
Table 2-1. Minimum System Requirements
Parameter
Value
Note
Hardware
PC/CPU
Intel Pentium III or
higher, 800 MHz
PC/RAM
128 MBytes
PC/Video
1024x768, SVGA
PC/ Hard disk free space
50 Mbytes
On-Chip Debugger and
programmer
AVR JTAGICE mkII
The AVR JTAGICE mkII is
needed if the user wishes to
debug and do custom
application development.
Operating System
Windows2000/XP/Vista
64-bit versions not supported.
Vista is supported in XP
compatibility mode.
IDE
AVRStudio 4.12 or
newer.
Need to program new firmware
to the AVR microcontroller. Can
also be used to develop user’s
custom applications (IAR Ccompiler or AVR-GCC must be
installed).
Software
2.3 Quick Start Guide
This section goes through how to get the RZRAVEN kit and the AVR Wireless
Services up and running in the shortest amount of time.
1. Unpack the RZRAVEN kit and ensure that it contains all the components listed in
subsection 2.1.
2. Install the latest version of the AVR Wireless Services suite by following the steps
described in subsection 3.1.
3. Connect the RZUSBSTICK to one of your PC’s free USB ports.
4. Follow the steps outlined in subsection 3.2 to install the USB driver for the
RZUSBSTICK.
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5. Associate the attached RZUSBSTICK with a new RF Services Server instance.
How to start a new RF Services Server is described in subsection 4.1.
6. Start an instance of the AVRWIRELESS Services GUI and chose an operating
mode as described in subsection 5.1 and subsection 5.6.
7. Done. See section 6 for a troubleshooting guide.
3 Installation of AVR Wireless Service Suite
This chapter describes how to install the AVR Wireless Services Suite and the USB
driver necessary to communicate with the RZUSBSTICK. The described steps
assume a PC with Windows XP installed. Also ensure that the steps described in
section 3.1 are successfully completed before the RZUSBSTICK is attached to the
PC.
3.1 Installation
The AVR Wireless Services Suite is distributed as a user-friendly self-extracting
installer. Follow the steps listed below to ensure that the AVR Wireless Services and
RF Services Server is installed correctly on your system:
1. Copy the “AVRWirelessSetup.exe” file to a suitable temporary folder on the PC.
2. Start the installation by double-clicking the .exe file.
3. Click the next button when prompted.
4. Read the license agreement. Select the “I Accept the terms of the license
agreement” button if you wish to continue the installation. Press the Next button.
5. Select the folder where you wish to install the AVR Wireless Services and RF
Services Server application. The default location is together with any other
previously installed Atmel software.
6. Press the Install button.
7. The AVR Wireless Services might need runtime libraries not installed on the setup.
If prompted, accept to install these libraries. Press Next. Also press Yes to accept
the license agreement from Microsoft.
8. When prompted, make sure that the “Install Jungo USB Driver” option is selected
before pressing the Next button.
9. Click Next to install AVR USB on your computer.
10. Read the license agreement. Select the “I Accept the terms of the license
agreement” button if you wish to continue the installation. Press the Next button.
11.The default location for the AVR USB driver is preferred. Press the Next button.
12. Press Install.
13. Press the Finish button when prompted.
14. The installation is done. This can be verified by examining the chosen destination
folder of the installation. It should contain at least two .exe files;
rfservicesserver.exe and AvrWirelessServices.exe.
3.2 Attaching the RZUSBSTICK for the first time
Note: Attach one RZUSBSTICK at the time if more than one is available.
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This section assumes that the installation process outlined in section 3.1 was
successful and that the RZUSBSTICK is programmed with the default firmware.
Perform the following actions when attaching the RZUSBSTICK for the first time:
1. Attach the RZUSBSTICK to one of the PC’s unused USB ports.
2. After a few seconds the “Found New Hardware Wizard” will pop up.
3. Check the “No, not this time” option.
4. Click the Next button.
5. Verify that “Install the software automatically” option is checked. Press the Next
button.
6. Press the Finish button when the installation has completed.
7. Done.
4 RF Services Server
This section describes how to start and stop the RF Services Server application. It
was installed as a part of the AVR Wireless Services Suite in section 3. The
application serves as a gateway binding the USB port that the RZUSBSTICK is
attached to and a TCP/IP socket. There is a one-to-one relation between the
RZUSBSTICK and the TCP/IP socket (IP address and port number). The chosen
communication model is very flexible and makes it possible to interface with both
local and remote RZUSBSTICKs. The AVR Wireless Services application, described
in section 5, will open a socket and associate itself to one RF Services Server
instance. Any valid IP address and port can be used, and hence a RZUSBSTICK
anywhere in the world can be accessed.
Note: Make sure that a valid IP address is chosen, and that the chosen port does not
conflict
with
other
applications
such
as
http
or
ftp
(See
http://www.iana.org/assignments/port-numbers for a list of used ports). This quick
start guide uses local host (127.0.0.1) and port 27000.
4.1 Starting the Server
This is how the RF Services Server is started:
1. Open a new command line shell in Windows: Go to the Run option from the Start
menu. Then type “cmd” and press the OK button.
2. Navigate to the folder where AVR Wireless Service was installed (The default
installation path is: “C:\Program Files\Atmel\AVR Wireless Services”).
3. Then type in the following command: “rfservicesserver.exe [IP ADDRESS] [PORT]”
where the two parameters indicate the following (See Figure 4-1 for a reference):
o [IP ADDRESS]: IP address of the machine that the RZUSBSTICK is
connected to. This example uses the address of local host
(127.0.0.1).
o [PORT]: Port that the RF Services Server application and the AVR
Wireless Services application are to communicate over. In this
example port 27000 is used.
4. Press Enter.
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5. Verify that the RF Services Server started successfully. See Figure 4-2 for a
reference.
Figure 4-1 Starting The RF Services Server
Figure 4-2 RF Server Successfully Started
4.2 Terminating the Server
The following steps must be followed to terminate the RF Service Server correctly:
1. Stop the AVR Wireless Services application if it has been running.
2. Type Ctrl-C and press the Enter button in the command line window where the
server instance is running.
3. Close the command line window.
5 AVR Wireless Services
The AVR Wireless Server is the graphical user interface that connects to the RF
Services Server and utilizes the features available in the RZRAVEN firmware:
• ZigBee Coordinator View:
o The RZUSBSTICK is acting as a ZigBee coordinator and the
AVRRAVENs can join it.
o Each node is presented as an entry in a list view.
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The user can select to; send a text message, read temperature or
perform a firmware upgrade on a joined node by right clicking it in the
node list.
• Wireless Protocol Analyzer View:
o The RZUSBSTICK is set in AirCapture mode and all IEEE 802.15.4
frames within radio range and on the chosen channel will be
captured.
o Captured frames will be uploaded to the Wireless Protocol Analyzer
and stored to file.
o The frames are analyzed and presented to the user in a colorhighlighted list.
o The frame list can be filtered and organized after different criteria
chosen at the user’s discretion.
o
5.1 Starting in Coordinator Mode
The ZigBee coordinator mode is started by following the below sequence:
4. Start a RF Services Server as described in section 4.1.
5. Start a new instance of AVR Wireless Services from the start menu (start – All
Programs – Atmel AVR Tools – AVR Wireless Services).
6. Locate the “Start Coordinator” button from the AVR Wireless Services toolbar
(Capital blue C). Click it.
7. The Connect dialog for the RF Services Server will pop up. Type in the TCP/IP
address and port number chosen. Also fill in the channel and PAN identifier for the
ZigBee coordinator to form the network on. See Figure 5-1 for an example
configuration. The channel can be chosen from 11 to 26. The PAN identifier can be
chosen between 0 and 0xFFFF. The PAN format is hexadecimal, so “0x” must be
prepended.
8. Verify that the RF Services Server and the ZigBee coordinator were successfully
started. See Figure 5-2 for a reference.
Figure 5-1 RF Services Server Connect Dialog
Figure 5-2 Successful Server - Client bind
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5.2 Joining the AVRRAVENs
With the AVR Wireless Services application started in ZigBee coordinator mode, the
AVRRAVENs can be joined. This subsection describes how to do this:
1. Power on the AVRRAVEN. Verify that the “RAVEN” splash screen appears.
2. Navigate to the Radio menu item, and verify that the PAN identifier and channel is
set to the same as that of the ZigBee coordinator. See Appendix A for a reference
on how to find the Radio menu item.
3. Navigate to the Join menu item. Again, see Appendix A for an illustration of the
AVRRAVEN’s menu.
4. Press the joystick down. A message will start scrolling on the screen indication that
the node is busy joining the network.
5. Verify that the joining procedure was successful.
6. The assigned network address will be displayed on the screen together with a
message indicating a successful join procedure.
7. Verify that the AVRRAVEN is added to the node list in AVR Wireless Services.
8. Done. The node is now ready to participate in the network.
5.3 Sending Text Message
Text messages can be composed and sent from the AVRRAVENs or from the AVR
Wireless Services Application:
5.3.1 Compose and send a message from the AVRRAVEN
1. Navigate to the Compose menu item. See Appendix A for an illustration of the
AVRRAVEN’s menu.
2. Use the up, down, right and left key to write the text message.
3. When done, press the joystick down. The destination address editor will become
visible.
4. Use the up, down, right and left key to write the destination address.
5. When done, press the joystick down.
6. A message will appear on the LCD indicating if the transmission was successful or
not.
7. Done.
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5.3.2 Compose and send a message from AVR Wireless Services
1. Right click on the node that is to receive the text message from the node list.
2. Select Send Text Message.
3. Write the message in the text box that pops-up.
4. Press the Send button.
5. Verify that the selected AVRRAVEN makes a “kra-kra” sound and the message is
shown on the screen.
6. Done.
5.4 Reading Temperature
The AVRRAVEN has an onboard NTC resistor that is used to measure temperature.
This NTC is connected to one of the ATmega3290P’s ADC channel. However, this
ADC channel is shared with one of the JTAG lines. So the JTAG interface must be
disabled for the temperature to be measured correct.
5.4.1 Disable the JTAG interface
1. Navigate to the System – Config – Debug menu item. See Appendix A for a
reference.
2. Press the joystick down (Enter).
3. Use the up and down key to toggle the Enable – Disable option to Disable.
4. Press the joystick down (Enter).
5. Done.
5.4.2 Reading Temperature
1. Right click on the AVRRAVEN to read the temperature from in the node list.
2. Select the Read Temperature option from the drop down list.
3. The read temperature will be shown to the right of the node in the list view.
4. Done
5.5 Over The Air Firmware Upgrade
Note: Over the air firmware upgrade shall only be performed with fresh batteries
(New) or with the AVRRAVEN running from an external power supply.
A firmware upgrade is performed as follows:
1. Right click the AVRRAVEN that is to be upgraded in the AVR Wireless Service’s
node list.
2. Select the firmware upgrade option.
3. Now select the firmware images to be downloaded. Both an image for the
ATmega3290P and ATmega1284P must be chosen.
4. Verify that the firmware upgrade is started on the AVRRAVEN. This is indicated by
the LCD displaying what AVR is being upgraded and how many Kbytes of memory
that has been written.
5. Verify that the AVRRAVEN rejoins the network after the two firmware images has
been written.
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6. Done.
5.6 Starting in Wireless Protocol Analyzer Mode
The Wireless Protocol Analyzer mode is started by following the below sequence:
1. Start a RF Services Server as described in section 4.1.
2. Start a new instance of AVR Wireless Services from the start menu (start – All
Programs – Atmel AVR Tools – AVR Wireless Services).
3. Locate the start Wireless Protocol Analyzer button from the AVR Wireless Services
toolbar (Black plug). Click it.
4. The Connect dialog for the RF Services Server will pop up. Type in the TCP/IP
address and port number chosen. Also fill in the channel for the protocol analyzer
to capture frames on. See XXX for an example configuration. The channel can be
chosen from 11 to 26.
Verify that the RF Services Server and the Wireless Protocol Analyzer was
successfully started. See Figure 5-3 for a reference.
Figure 5-3 Successful Server - Client bind
5.7 Analyzing Frames
1. Select one of the frames in the frame list.
2. The decode frame will now be showed in the Package view (Lower half of the AVR
Wireless Services frame).
3. The frame’s fields are represented as a tree structure.
5.8 Update Enable or Disable
5.9 Frame Filter
With the Wireless protocol analyzer running it is possible to generate filters, and apply
them to the items in the frame list. A filter is constructed around a logical expression,
one of the defined frame fields and a compare value. The two following subsections
describe how to define and apply a filter and then clear it.
5.9.1 Applying a filter
1. Right click on the frame list.
2. The filter menu will appear
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3. Select the frame field to filter, logical operation and value.
4. One or more filters can be defined.
5. Click the OK button to apply.
5.9.2 Clearing a filter
1. Right click on the frame list.
2. Select the clear filter option.
3. The frame list will be rewritten without the filter applied.
6 Troubleshooting Guide
Errors are indicated to the user through the LEDs on the RZUSBSTICK.
Table 6-1. Error Codes
LED
Error
Action
Blue
All systems are
working correctly.
NA
Amber/Yellow
Buffer overflow in
either the ZigBee
coordinator mode
or AirCapture
mode.
Restart the mode from the AVR
Wireless Services application.
Red
Serious error with
the USB driver.
The RZUSBSTICK must be
physically deattached and
attached again.
7 Appendix A: The AVRRAVEN Menu
RA V EN
NE TW O R K
JO IN
-nwk address-
Join nw k
LEA VE
-nwk address-
Leave nw k
IN BO X
-m ail cou nt-
Sele ct
ListB ox(”M ail text”)
-address-
Finish
C O M P O SE
E dit
Texteditor(”m essage”)
-m sg size -
E dit
Up
Left
m enu
O nC enterClick
R ight
D ow n
M E S SA G E
R EA D
TEM P
-tem p-
S Y ST EM
C O N FIG
S end
NAME
Texteditor(”nam e”)
S ave
U N ITS
TE M P
E dit
ListB ox(”Un it”)
S ave
R A D IO
PA N ID
-pan id-
E dit
Nu m edit(”P and id”)
S ave
C H AN N EL
-channel -
E dit
N um ed it(”C hann el”)
S ave
ListB ox(”EN A BLE ”,
”DISA BLE ”)
S ave
D EB U G
S TO R A G E
FILE S
-file cou nt-
FW
RE V ISIO N
-rev-
FO R M A T
U PG R A DE
R EB O O T
N um ed itor(”Add ress”)
-ad dress-
Select
Form at
data fla sh
Load F W
im age
R eboot
8 Appendix B: How to Restore the Original Firmware
8.1 Necessary Hardware Modifications
Requirement: Soldering Iron, solder, and five 10-pin dual row headers with 50-mil
spacing (Furnished with the kit).
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Footprints to mount JTAG connectors are available on both the RZUSBSTICK (1
connector) and the AVRRAVEN (2 connectors, one for each AVR). The soldering
process is straightforward:
1. Power off the RZUSBSTICK or AVRRAVEN that is to be soldered.
2. Heat the soldering iron to approximately 300 to 350°C.
3. Insert the header and ensure that it mounts flat towards the PCB.
4. Solder one pin in a corner of the header. See that the solder is sucked onto the
header pin and the through-hole pad. The solder should form an even convex
cone.
5. Solder the diagonal pin to the first one to ensure good stability.
6. Solder the remaining pins.
7. Done. Inspect for short circuits. See Figure 8-1 and Figure 8-2 for JTAG header
placement.
Figure 8-1 Placement of RZRAVEN JTAG Connector
Figure 8-2 Placement of AVRRAVEN JTAG Connector
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8.2 Device Programming
Requirement: An AVR JTAGICE mkII and one 50-mil to 100-mil adapter (Latter is
furnished with the kit).
Table 8-1 to Table 8-3 lists the fuses used by the three AVR microcontrollers in the
RZRAVEN kit. The fuses
1. Connect the AVR JTAGICE mkII to the PC.
2. Insert the 50-mil to 100-mil adapter to the JTAG probe. Ensure that the adapter is
connected with the correct orientation.
3. Connect the 50-mil to 100-mil adapter to the RZUSBSTICK or AVRRAVEN boards.
Ensure that pin one on the selected header mates with pin one on the adapter.
4. Apply power to the AVR JTAGICE mkII and the attached board (The RZUSBSTICK
must be connected to a PC).
5. Start AVR Studio and press the “Cancel” button in the Welcome dialog window.
6. From the Tools menu, select “Program AVR” and “Connect…”.
7. Select JTAGICE mkII as platform and then press “Connect…”.
8. Open the “Program” tab. Select the AVR you wish to program (AT90USB1287,
ATmega3290P or ATmega1284P) from the Device pull down menu.
9. Select the “Fuses” tab and ensure that the Fuses are set as listed in Table 8-1,
Table 8-2 or Table 8-3 respectively.
10. Go back to the “Program” tab. Program the flash of the respective AVR with the
correct .hex file found in the “bin” folder. Their naming is rather intuitive.
11. Close the STK500 window.
Note: A fuse is disabled (Not checked) if is not mentioned herein.
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Table 8-1. AT90USB1287 Fuse Settings
Fuse Name
Brown-out detection disabled
Divide clock by 8 internally
Fuse Setting
Comment
Checked
Not Checked
Will divide the clock by 8. This
will prevent the internal PLL from
locking.
Table 8-2. ATmega3290P Fuse Settings
Fuse Name
Divide clock by 8 internally
Fuse Setting
Checked
Comment
Will divide the clock by 8. This
enables safe operation at
1.8Volts.
Table 8-3. ATmega1284P Fuse Settings
Fuse Name
Divide clock by 8 internally
14
Fuse Setting
Checked
Comment
Will divide the clock by 8. This
enables safe operation at
1.8Volts.
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9 References
The following references were used when writing this application note:
• AT86RF230
Data
Sheet,
available
http://www.atmel.com/dyn/resources/prod_documents/doc5131.pdf.
• AVR2016 RZRAVEN Hardware User’s Guide.
from:
10 Table of Contents
Features ............................................................................................... 1
1 Introduction ...................................................................................... 1
2 Getting Started with the RZRAVEN Kit........................................... 2
2.1 Unpacking the System ........................................................................................ 3
2.2 System Requirements ......................................................................................... 3
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2.3 Quick Start Guide ................................................................................................ 3
3 Installation of AVR Wireless Service Suite .................................... 4
3.1 Installation ........................................................................................................... 4
3.2 Attaching the RZUSBSTICK for the first time...................................................... 4
4 RF Services Server .......................................................................... 5
4.1 Starting the Server .............................................................................................. 5
4.2 Terminating the Server........................................................................................ 6
5 AVR Wireless Services .................................................................... 6
5.1 Starting in Coordinator Mode .............................................................................. 7
5.2.............................................................................................................................. 8
5.3 Joining the AVRRAVENs .................................................................................... 8
5.4 Sending Text Message........................................................................................ 8
5.5 Reading Temperature ......................................................................................... 9
5.6 Over The Air Firmware Upgrade ......................................................................... 9
5.7 Starting in Wireless Protocol Analyzer Mode .................................................... 10
5.8 Analyzing Frames.............................................................................................. 10
5.9 Update Enable or Disable ................................................................................. 10
5.10 Applying Frame Filter ...................................................................................... 10
6 Troubleshooting Guide.................................................................. 11
7 Appendix A: The AVRRAVEN Menu ............................................. 11
8 Appendix B: How to Restore the Original Firmware ................... 11
8.1 Necessary Hardware Modifications................................................................... 11
8.2 Device Programming......................................................................................... 13
9 References...................................................................................... 16
10 Table of Contents......................................................................... 16
Disclaimer ............................................................................................. 18
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Disclaimer
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