AS3649 Datasheet

AS3649
2500mA High Current LED Flash Driver
1 General Description
2 Key Features
The AS3649 is an inductive high efficient DCDC step up converter
with two current sources. The DCDC step up converter operates at a
fixed frequency of 4MHz and includes soft startup to allow easy
integration into noise sensitive RF systems. The two current sources
can operate in flash / torch or video light modes.
High efficiency 4MHz fixed frequency DCDC Boost converter
The AS3649 includes flash timeout, overvoltage, overtemperature,
undervoltage and LED short/open circuit protection functions. A
TXMASK/TORCH function reduces the flash current in case of
parallel operation to the RF power amplifier and avoids a system
shutdown. Alternatively this pin can be used to directly operate the
torch light directly. If the TXMask function is not used, it can be used
as a hardware torch input (programmable).
Automatic current adjustment for low battery voltage
A hardware NTC pin can be used to measure the LED temperature
with the ADC and to automatically reduce the LED current if a
temperature threshold is exceeded.
2
The AS3649 is controlled by an I C interface and has a hardware
reset pin ON. Setting ON=0 resets the AS3649. Interface input
voltage levels are 1.8V compliant.
The AS3649 is available in a space-saving WL-CSP package
measuring only 2.06x2.02x0.6mm and operates over the -30ºC to
+85ºC temperature range.
with soft start allows small coils
- Stable even in coil current limit
LED current adjustable up to 2x1000mA(2x1250mA with current
boost) or 2000mA and automatic load balancing for two LEDs
PWM operation for lower output current for reliable light output
of the LED; can run at 31.5kHz to avoid audible noise
Protection functions:
Automatic Flash Timeout timer to protect the LED(s)
Overvoltage and undervoltage Protection
Overtemperature Protection
LED short/open circuit protection
ADC to measure LED temperature
NTC to automatically reduce the flash current if the LED
temperature is too high (programmable level)
2
I
C Interface with hardware reset pin
Available in tiny WL-CSP Package, 16 balls 0.5mm pitch,
2.06x2.02x0.6mm package size
3 Applications
Flash/Torch for mobile phones
Figure 1. Typical Operating Circuit
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1 - 39
AS3649
Datasheet - P i n A s s i g n m e n t s
4 Pin Assignments
Figure 2. Pin Assignments (Top View)
AS3649
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4.1 Pin Description
Table 1. Pin Description for AS3649
1
Pin Number
Pin Name
A1
PGND2
Power ground; make a short connection between all GND balls
A2
PGND1
Power ground; make a short connection between all GND balls
A3
VIN
A4
ON
B1
SW2
DCDC converter switching node - make a short connection to SW1 / coil LDCDC
B2
SW1
DCDC converter switching node - make a short connection to SW2 / coil LDCDC
B3
NTC
LED temperature sensor input (NTC) for LED overtemperature protection
B4
TXMASK/TORCH
Description
Positive supply voltage input - connect to supply and make a short connection to input capacitor
CVIN and to coil LDCDC
Hardware reset input; an active low signal resets the registers of AS3649 and enters shutdown
2
(and I C lines SDA and SCL are in high-Z), active high allows to operate the device
Function 1: Connect to RF power amplifier enable signal - reduces currents during flash to avoid
a system shutdown due to parallel operation of the RF PA and the flash driver
2
Function 2: Operate torch current level without using the I C interface to operate the torch
2
without need to start a camera processor (if the I C is connected to the camera processor
C1
VOUT2
DCDC converter output capacitor - make a short connection to CVOUT / VOUT1
C2
VOUT1
DCDC converter output capacitor - make a short connection to CVOUT / VOUT2
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AS3649
Datasheet - P i n A s s i g n m e n t s
Table 1. Pin Description for AS3649
1
Pin Number
Pin Name
Description
C3
SCL
serial clock input for I C interface
C4
SDA
serial data input/output for I C interface (needs external pullup resistor)
D1
LED_OUT2
Flash LED current source
D2
LED_OUT1
Flash LED current source
D3
AGND
Analog ground; make a short connection between all GND balls
D4
STROBE
Digital input with pulldown to control strobe time for flash function
2
2
1. Final pinout subject to change - now only used to count number of pins
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AS3649
Datasheet - A b s o l u t e M a x i m u m R a t i n g s
5 Absolute Maximum Ratings
Stresses beyond those listed in Table 2 may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional operation of
the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in Electrical Characteristics on page 5 is not implied. Exposure to absolute
maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
Table 2. Absolute Maximum Ratings
Parameter
Min
Max
Units
VIN to GND
-0.3
+7.0
V
STROBE, TXMASK/TORCH, SCL, SDA, ON, NTC to
GND
-0.3
VIN + 0.3
V
SW1/2, VOUT1/2, LED_OUT1/2 to GND
-0.3
+7.0
V
VOUT1/2 to SW1/2
-0.3
voltage between AGND, PGND1/2 pins
0.0
Input Pin Current without causing latchup
-100
Comments
max. +7V
V
Note: Diode between VOUT1/2 and SW1/2
0.0
V
short connection required
+100
+IIN
mA
Norm: EIA/JESD78
Continuous power dissipation
1470
mW
PT at 70ºC
Continuous power dissipation derating factor
20
mW/ºC
PDERATE
ESD HBM
±2000
V
Norm: JEDEC JESD22-A114F
ESD CDM
±500
V
Norm: JEDEC JESD 22-C101E
Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70ºC)
1
2
Electrostatic Discharge
Temperature Ranges and Storage Conditions
Junction to ambient thermal resistance
50
ºC/W
For more information about thermal metrics, see
application note AN01 Thermal Characteristics
Junction Temperature
+150
ºC
Internally limited (overtemperature protection),
max. 20000s
3
Storage Temperature Range
-55
+125
ºC
Humidity
5
85
%
Non condensing
+260
ºC
according to IPC/JEDEC J-STD-020
Body Temperature during Soldering
Moisture Sensitivity Level (MSL)
MSL 1
Represents a max. floor life time of unlimited
1. Depending on actual PCB layout and PCB used measured on demoboard; for peak power dissipation during flashing see document
'AS3649 Thermal Measurements'
2. PDERATE derating factor changes the total continuous power dissipation (PT) if the ambient temperature is not 70ºC. Therefore for e.g.
TAMB=85ºC calculate PT at 85ºC = PT - PDERATE * (85ºC - 70ºC)
3. Measured on AS3649 demoboard.
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AS3649
Datasheet - E l e c t r i c a l C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s
6 Electrical Characteristics
VVIN = +2.7V to +4.4V, TAMB = -30ºC to +85ºC, unless otherwise specified. Typical values are at VVIN = +3.7V, TAMB = +25ºC, unless otherwise
specified.
Table 3. Electrical Characteristics
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
3.7
4.4
V
General Operating Conditions
VVIN
Supply Voltage
Pin VIN
2.7
VVINREDUCED_
Supply Voltage
AS3649 functionally working, but not all parameters
fulfilled
2.5
2.7
4.4
5.5
ISHUTDOWN
Shutdown Current
TXMASK/TORCH=L, STROBE=L, ON=L, VVIN<3.7V
1.0
2.0
µA
ISTANBY
Standby Current
Interface active, TXMASK/TORCH=L, STROBE=L
VVIN<3.7V
1.0
10
µA
TAMB
Operating Temperature
25
85
ºC
FUNC
1

-30
Application Efficiency
LCOIL=0.6µ[email protected], LESR=60m, LED_OUT1,2=2000mA,
(DCDC and current source)
tFLASH<300ms, VFLED=3.7V
tFLASH
Flash Duration
V
83
VVIN>3.3V, TAMB<85ºC, ILED_OUT<2000mA
If TAMB or ILED_OUT is reduced or VVIN is increased,
longer flash times are allowed.
For longer flash durations, see section Current Reduction
by VIN Measurements in Flash Mode and Diagnostic
Pulse on page 15
%
300
ms
5.5
V
DCDC Step Up Converter
VVOUT
DCDC Boost output
Voltage
(pin VOUT1/2)
RPMOS
On-resistance
DCDC internal PMOS switch
45
m
RNMOS
On-resistance
DCDC internal NMOS switch
47
m
fCLK
Operating Frequency
All internal timings are derived from this oscillator
VVOUT5V
DCDC Boost output
Voltage
(pin VOUT1/2)
Constant voltage mode operation const_v_mode (see
page 30)=1
2.8
-7.5%
4.0
+7.5%
5.0
MHz
V
Current Sources
VLED
LED forward voltage
ILED_OUT
LED_OUT1/2 current
combined
Two flash LEDs, ILED_OUT<2x1000mA
2.8
3.32
4.0
V
Single flash LED, ILED_OUT<1800mA
2.8
3.32
4.4
V
0
2000
mA
0
2000
mA
2
mA
VVIN>3.3V, coil_peak=11b,
LCOIL=0.6µ[email protected], LESR=60m
coil SPM3012T-1R0M,
tFLASH<300ms
dual flash LED,
current_boost=0
single flash LED
ILED_OUT_BO
LED_OUT1/2 current
combined
Dual flash LED, current_boost=1
0
2500
ILED_OUT
LED_OUT1/2 current
source accuracy
Otherwise
-7
+7
%
ILED_OUT=500mA...800mA, 0ºC<TJ<100ºC
-5
+5
%
OST
2
ILED_OUT
RAMP
ILED_OUT
RIPPLE
LED_OUT1/2 ramp time
LED_OUT current ripple
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Rampup initiated by I C command
730
µs
Rampup started by STROBE
530
µs
Full range Ramp-down
500
µs
ILED_OUT = 1000mA
40
mAPP
1.0-2
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AS3649
Datasheet - E l e c t r i c a l C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s
Table 3. Electrical Characteristics (Continued)
Symbol
VILED_COMP
VILED_COMP
_BOOST
Parameter
Condition
Min
Minimum voltage between pin VOUT1/2 and LED_OUT1/
LED_OUT current source 2 for operation of the current source with current_boost=0
voltage compliance
VILED_COMP with current_boost=1
Typ
Max
Unit
230
mV
290
mV
LLED_CONNECT LED connection inductance Represents a maximum connection length of 10cm (LED
ION
connection and ground return path)
100
nH
V
Protection and Fault Detection Functions (see page 12)
VVOUTMAX
ILIMIT
VVOUT overvoltage
protection
Current Limit for coil
LDCDC (Pin SW)
measured at 25% PWM
3
duty cycle
DCDC Converter Overvoltage Protection
Default value
maximum 40000s lifetime
operation in overcurrent
limit
VLEDSHORT
Flash LED short circuit
detection voltage
TOVTEMP
Overtemperature
Protection
TOVTEMPHYS
T
tFLASHTIMEO
UT
VUVLO
Undervoltage Lockout
VIN_LOW_VOLTA
Battery Low Voltage
Protection
GE
5.3
5.6
coil_peak=00b
2.25
2.5
2.75
coil_peak=01b
2.61
2.9
3.19
coil_peak (see page
23)=10b
3.0
3.3
3.63
coil_peak=11b
3.3
3.7
4.1
Voltage measured between pins LED_OUT1,2 and GND
A
1.2
V
144
ºC
5
ºC
Junction temperature
Overtemperature
Hysteresis
Flash Timeout Timer
5.0
Can be adjusted with register flash_timeout (page 26)
4
1124
ms
Accuracy
-7.5
+7.5
%
Falling VVIN
2.25
2.5
V
Rising VVIN
Defined by vin_low_v - see Current Reduction by VIN
Measurements in Flash Mode and Diagnostic Pulse on
page 15
2.4
VUVLO VUVLO VUVLO
+0.05
+0.1
+0.15
V
3.03.47
+2.5%
V
-2.5%
Protection and Fault Detection Functions - NTC
INTC
VNTC_TH
NTC Current Source
Threshold for
overtemperature
Adjustable by ntc_current (page
25) in 40µA steps
Range
40
600
µA
I - accuracy
V(NTC) <= 1.7V
-7
+7
%
-5
+5
µA
If ntc_on (page 25)=1 and the voltage on NTC drops
below VNTC_TH, any flash/torch or pwm operation of
LED_OUT is stopped
4
1.0
V
10
bits
ADC
Resolution
0
full
scale
NTC
0.0
2.2
V
VIN
0.0
5.5
V
% full
scale
ADC Code
Range
ADC input range; channel
selected by
adc_channel (page 27)
TJUNC (AS3649 junction temperature)
Accuracy
ADC measurement
accuracy
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see Table 6
ºC
NTC
-1.5
+1.5
TJUNC (-30ºC...150ºC)
-8
+8
TJUNC (0ºC...85ºC)
-5
+5
1.0-2
ºC
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AS3649
Datasheet - E l e c t r i c a l C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s
Table 3. Electrical Characteristics (Continued)
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Min
VIH
High Level Input Voltage
VIL
Low Level Input Voltage
Pins ON, SCL, SDA.
and TXMASK/TORCH
VIHFLASH
High Level Input Voltage
VILFLASH
Low Level Input Voltage
Typ
Max
Unit
1.26
VVIN
V
0.0
0.54
V
0.84
VVIN
V
0.0
0.54
V
Digital Interface
Pin STROBE.
VOL
Low Level Output Voltage
Pin SDA, IOL=3mA
ILEAK
Leakage current
Pins ON, SCL, SDA
IPD
Pulldown current to GND
tDEBTORCH
TORCH debounce time
tDEBTXMASK
TXMASK debounce timer
5
-1.0
Pins STROBE and TXMASK/TORCH
0.0
0.3
V
+1.0
µA
36
6.3
9
µA
11.7
1.5
ms
µs
2
I C mode timings - see Figure 3 on page 8
fSCLK
SCL Clock Frequency
0
tBUF
Bus Free Time Between a
STOP and START
Condition
1.3
µs
tHD:STA
Hold Time (Repeated)
6
START Condition
0.6
µs
400
kHz
tLOW
LOW Period of SCL Clock
1.3
µs
tHIGH
HIGH Period of SCL Clock
0.6
µs
tSU:STA
Setup Time for a Repeated
START Condition
0.6
µs
tHD:DAT
Data Hold Time
tSU:DAT
7
0
Data Setup Time
8
100
tR
Rise Time of Both SDA and
SCL Signals
20 +
0.1CB
300
ns
tF
Fall Time of Both SDA and
SCL Signals
20 +
0.1CB
300
ns
tSU:STO
Setup Time for STOP
Condition
0.6
CB
Capacitive Load for Each
Bus Line
CI/O
I/O Capacitance (SDA,
SCL)
CB — total capacitance of one bus line in pF
0.9
µs
ns
µs
400
pF
10
pF
1. To improve efficiency at low output currents, the active part of the internal switching transistor PMOS is reduced in size to 1/5 its original
size. This reduces the current required to drive the PMOS transistor and therefore improves overall efficiency at low output currents.
2. The maximum current driving capability depends on supply voltage VVIN, LED forward voltage and coil peak current limit.
3. Due to slope compensation of the current limit, ILIMIT changes with duty cycle - see Figure 16 on page 11.
4. Accuracy defined in % of current setting and in absolute value (µA), accuracy values have to be added together
5. A pulldown current of 36µA is equal to a pulldown resistor of 42k at 1.5V
6. After this period, the first clock pulse is generated
7. A device must internally provide a hold time of at least 300ns for the SDA signal (referred to the VIHMIN of the SCL signal) to bridge the
undefined region of the falling edge of SCL.
8. A fast-mode device can be used in a standard-mode system, but the requirement tSU:DAT = to 250ns must then be met. This is
automatically the case if the device does not stretch the LOW period of the SCL signal. If such a device does stretch the LOW period of
the SCL signal, it must output the next data bit to the SDA line tR max + tSU:DAT = 1000 + 250 = 1250ns before the SCL line is released.
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AS3649
Datasheet - E l e c t r i c a l C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s
6.1 Timing Diagrams
2
Figure 3. I C mode Timing Diagram
SDA
tBUF
tLOW
tR
tHD:STA
tF
SCL
tHD:STA
tSU:STA
tHD:DAT
STOP
tHIGH
tSU:DAT
REPEATED
START
START
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tSU:STO
1.0-2
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AS3649
Datasheet - Ty p i c a l O p e r a t i n g C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s
7 Typical Operating Characteristics
VVIN = 3.7V, TA = +25ºC (unless otherwise specified)
Figure 4. DCDC Efficiency vs. VVIN
Figure 5. Application Efficiency (PLED/PVIN) vs. VVIN
90
100
95
85
85
Efficiency %
Efficiency %
90
80
75
80
75
70
ILED = 2500mA, VFLED=3.55V (2 LEDs)
70
ILED = 2500mA, VFLED=3.55V (2 LEDs)
ILED = 2000mA, VFLED=3.45V (2 LEDs)
ILED = 2000mA, VFLED=3.45V (2 LEDs)
65
ILED = 1600mA, VFLED=3.7V (1 LED)
65
ILED = 1600mA, VFLED=3.7V (1 LED)
ILED = 1600mA / dcdc_skip_enable=0
ILED = 1600mA / dcdc_skip_enable=0
ILED = 1000mA, VFLED=3.45V (1 LED)
ILED = 1000mA, VFLED=3.45V (1 LED)
60
60
2.8
3.0
3.2
3.4
3.6
3.8
4.0
4.2
2.8
4.4
3.0
3.2
Input Voltage (V)
Figure 6. Battery Current vs. VVIN
3.6
3.8
4.0
4.2
4.4
Figure 7. Efficiency at low currents (298mA/100mA)
4.0
90
limited by 3.7A
peak current setting
3.5
85
3.0
80
2.5
75
Efficiency %
Battery Current [A]
3.4
Input Voltage (V)
2.0
1.5
1.0
65
60
ILED = 2500mA, VFLED=3.55V (2 LEDs)
ILED = 2000mA, VFLED=3.45V (2 LEDs)
ILED = 1600mA, VFLED=3.7V (1 LED)
ILED = 1600mA / dcdc_skip_enable=0
ILED = 1000mA, VFLED=3.45V (1 LED)
0.5
70
ILED = 298mA/1LED DCDC Efficiency
ILED = 298mA/1LED Application Efficiency
55
ILED = 100mA x 2 LEDs DCDC Efficiency
ILED = 100mA x 2 LEDs Application Efficiency
0.0
50
2.8
3.0
3.2
3.4
3.6
3.8
4.0
4.2
4.4
2.8
Input Voltage (V)
Figure 8. ILED Startup (ILED_OUT=1.0A)
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3.0
3.2
3.4
3.6
3.8
4.0
4.2
4.4
Input Voltage (V)
Figure 9. IVIN, ILED Startup (ILED_OUT=800mA)
1.0-2
9 - 39
AS3649
Datasheet - Ty p i c a l O p e r a t i n g C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s
Figure 10. ILED vs. VVIN
3.0
LED Current [A]
2.5
Figure 11. VOUT / ILED_OUT ripple, ILED_OUT = 2x1.0A
limited by 3.7A
peak current setting
2.0
1.5
1.0
ILED = 2500mA, VFLED=3.55V (2 LEDs)
0.5
ILED = 2000mA, VFLED=3.45V (2 LEDs)
ILED = 1600mA, VFLED=3.7V (1 LED)
ILED = 1000mA, VFLED=3.45V (1 LED)
0.0
2.8
3.0
3.2
3.4
3.6
3.8
4.0
4.2
4.4
Input Voltage (V)
Figure 12. Diagnostic Pulse Operation
Figure 13. TxMask operation waveform (ILED, IVIN)
VVIN=3.62V
vin_low_v=3.47V
Figure 14. Timeout Timer
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Figure 15. NTC operation (overtemperature triggered)
1.0-2
10 - 39
AS3649
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
8 Detailed Description
The AS3649 is a high performance DCDC step up converter with internal PMOS and NMOS switches. Its output is connected to one or two flash
1
LEDs with two internal current sources and hardware LED temperature protection using an external NTC. The device is controlled by the pins
2
SDA and SCL in I C mode and includes a hardware reset input ON.
The actual operating mode like standby, torch light, indicator or flash mode, can then be chosen by the interface. If not in standby mode, the
device automatically enters shutdown and resets all registers by setting pin ON=0.
The AS3649 includes a fixed frequency DCDC step-up with accurate startup control. Together with the current source (on LED_OUT1/2) it
includes several protection and safety functions.
8.1 Internal Circuit Diagram
Figure 16. Internal Circuit Diagram
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8.2 Softstart / Soft ramp down
During startup and ramp down the LED current is smoothly ramped up and ramped down. If the DCDC converter goes out of regulation
(measured by monitoring the voltage across the current sources), the ramp up is temporarily stopped in order for the DCDC to return to
2
regulation .
1. If two LEDs are connected, it is possible to operate each of the two LEDs individually as the LED current can be
selected individually.
2. The actual value of the LED current setting can be readout by the register led_current_actual (see page 31) to allow
the camera processor to adopt to the actual operating conditions.
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AS3649
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
8.3 4/1MHz Operating Mode Switching and Pulse Skipping
3
If freq_switch_on (see page 29)=1 and if led_current1>=40h or led_current2>=40h and current_boost=0, the DCDC converter always operates
in PWM mode (exception: PFM mode is allowed during startup) to reduce EMI in EMI sensitive systems. For high duty cycles close to 100% ontime (maximum duty cycle) of the PMOS, the DCDC converter can switch into a 1MHz operating mode and maximum duty cycle to improve
4
efficiency for this load condition . The DCDC converter returns back to its normal 4MHz operating frequency when load or supply conditions
change. Due to this switching between two fixed frequencies the noise spectrum of the system is exactly defined and predictable. If improved
efficiency is required, the fixed switching between 4MHz / 1MHz can be disabled by freq_switch_on (see page 29)=0. In this case pulseskip will
be used.
The modes are selected according to Table 4:
Table 4. 4/1MHz switching and pulseskip operating modes
freq_switch_on
dcdc_skip_enable
led_current1>=40h or led_current2>=40h
0
0
4MHz forced PWM operation (no 1MHz operation, no pulseskip)
0
1
4MHz, pulse skipping allowed, no 1MHz operation
1
0
1
1
4MHz/1Mhz forced PWM operation,
1
pulseskip not allowed
led_current1<40h and led_current2<40h
4MHz forced PWM operation (no 1MHz
operation, no pulseskip)
4MHz, pulse skipping allowed, no 1MHz
operation
1. If current_boost=1, freq_switch_on is set to ‘0’.
The internal circuit for switching between these two frequencies is shown in Figure 17 (for simplicity only a single current source is shown):
Figure 17. Internal circuit of 4MHz/1MHz selection
AS3649
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121! Note: If the voltage on VOUT1/2 exceeds VVOUTMAX, the DCDC will always skip pulses to limit the output voltage.
8.4 Protection and Fault Detection Functions
The protection functions protect the AS3649 and the LED(s) against physical damage. In most cases a Fault register bit is set, which can be
2
2
readout by the I C interface. The fault bits are automatically cleared by a I C readout of the fault register. Additionally the DCDC is stopped and
5
6
the current sources are disabled by resetting mode_setting=00 and txmask_torch_mode=00.
3. Set register dcdc_skip_enable (see page 28)=1 if 4MHz forced operation shall be used below this LED current.
4. Efficiency compared to a 4MHz only DCDC converter forced to operate with minimum duty cycle.
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AS3649
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
8.4.1
Overvoltage Protection
In case of no or a broken LED(s) at the pin LED_OUT1/2 and an enabled DCDC converter, the voltage on VOUT1/2 rises until it reaches
7
VVOUTMAX (overvoltage condition) and the voltage across the current source is below low_vds ., the DCDC converter is stopped, the current
8
9
sources are disabled and the bit fault_ovp (see page 29) is set . In a dual LED configuration for the AS3649, if a single open LED is detected,
this LED is disabled, fault_ovp is set and the device continuous operation with the other LED.
Note: In PWM operating mode (mode_setting=01b), open LED detection is disabled (and fault_ovp is not set). The output voltage will nevertheless be kept below VVOUTMAX.
8.4.2
Short Circuit Protection
After the startup of the DCDC converter, the voltage on LED_OUT1/2 is continuously monitored and compared against VLEDSHORT if the LED
10 11
current is above 27.5mA (current_boost=0), 34.3mA (current_boost=1) , (see Figure 18). If the voltage on the LED (VFLED = LED_OUT1/2)
stays below VLEDSHORT, the DCDC is stopped (as a shorted LED is assumed), the current sources are disabled and the bit fault_led_short
(see page 29) is set. In a dual LED configuration for the AS3649, if a single shorted LED is detected, this LED is disabled, fault_led_short is set
and the device continuous operation with the other LED.
Note: In PWM operating mode (mode_setting=01b), short circuit protection is disabled.
Figure 18. Short LED Detection
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8.4.3
Overtemperature Protection
The junction temperature of the AS3649 is continuously monitored. If the temperature exceeds TOVTEMP, the DCDC is stopped, the current
sources are disabled (instantaneous) and the bit fault_overtemp (see page 29) is set (but the operating mode mode_setting is not changed). The
12
driver is automatically re-enabled once the junction temperature drops below TOVTEMP-TOVTEMPHYST.
8.4.4
TXMASK event occurred
If during flash, TXMASK current reduction is enabled (see TXMASK on page 15, configured by txmask_torch_mode=01) and a TXMASK event
happened (pin TXMASK/TORCH=1), the fault register bit fault_txmask (see page 28) is set.
5. Applies for all faults except TXMASK event occurred
6. Except for TXMASK event occurred and Overtemperature Protection
7. If overvoltage is reached, but none of the low_vds comparator(s) triggers, VOUT1/2 is still regulated below VVOUTMAX.
8. In indicator or low current PWM mode (mode_setting (see page 26)=01) the register fault_ovp is not set under an
overvoltage conditions. The output voltage is nevertheless kept below VVOUTMAX.
9. In constant voltage mode (5V generation, register bit const_v_mode=1) this fault is disabled.
10.To avoid errors in short LED detection for LEDs with a high leakage current
11. The LED short circuit protection is disabled in indicator mode (or low current mode using PWM) (mode_setting on
page 26=01b)
12.In constant voltage mode (const_v_mode=1) the DCDC will not be automatically re-enabled.
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AS3649
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
8.4.5
Flash Timeout
If the flash is started a timeout timer is started in parallel. If the flash duration defined by the STROBE input (strobe_on=1 and strobe_type=1,
see Figure 25 on page 18) exceeds tFLASHTIMEOUT (adjustable by register flash_timeout (see page 26)), the DCDC is stopped and the flash
current sources (on pin LED_OUT1/2) are disabled (ramping down) and fault_timeout is set.
If the flash duration is defined by the timeout timer itself (strobe_on = 0, see Figure 23 on page 17), the register fault_timeout is set after the flash
has been finished.
8.4.6
Supply Undervoltage Protection
If the voltage on the pin VIN (=battery voltage) is or falls below VUVLO, the AS3649 is kept in shutdown state and all registers are set to their
default state.
8.4.7
NTC - Flash LED Overtemperature Protection
The ntc_on (see page 25)=1, the flash LED is protected by the AS3649 using an internal comparator connected to NTC and an current source
controlled by ntc_current (see page 25) (VNTC_TH, INTC as shown in Figure 16, “Internal Circuit Diagram,” on page 11); once it is triggered, the
DCDC is stopped, the current sources are disabled (instantaneous) and the bit fault_ntc (see page 28) is set.
As the external NTC cannot measure the LED temperature in real time during a high current flash pulse (the duration from heating up of the LED
until the NTC recognizes a too hot LED is usually too long), it is advisable to measure the LED temperature before the flash pulse (with the ADC
(see page 19) and ntc_current (see page 25)) and judge how much current can be driven through the LED (to be estimated depending on LED
heat sink and is usually specified by the LED manufacturer).
8.5 Operating Mode and Currents
The output currents and operating mode currents are selected according to the following table:
Table 5. Operating Mode and Current Settings
ON, SCL, SDA
TXMASK/TORCH
STROBE
X
X
X
X
X
0
X
1
X
2
ON=1; I C commands are accepted on pins SCL and SDA
mode_s
etting
(see
page 26)
ON=0
AS3649 Configuration
Operating Mode and Currents
Condition
Mode
LED_OUT1/2
Output current
X
Shutdown
All registers are reset to their
default values
0
standby
0
external torch mode
LED current is defined by the 6LSB
bits of led_current1 and led_current2
txmask_torch_mode (see page
23) not 10
00
txmask_torch_mode =10
txmask_torch_mode =10
1
X
X
01
indicator mode or
2
low current pwm mode
LED current is defined by the 6LSB
bits (bits 5...0) of led_current1 and
led_current2 pwm modulated defined
by register inct_pwm
(31.5kHz: 1/16...4/16) or 7.9kHz: 1/
64...3/64)
X
X
10
torch light mode
LED current is defined by the 6LSB
bits (5...0) of led_current1 and
led_current2
X
X
strobe_on (see page 28) = 0
X
0->1
strobe_on = 1 and strobe_type
(see page 28) = 0
11
X
1
www.ams.com/AS3649
strobe_on = 1 and
strobe_type = 1
2
flash mode;
flash duration defined by
flash_timeout (see page 26) LED current is defined by led_current1
and led_current2 - the current can be
flash mode;
reduced during flash, see Flash Current
Reductions below
flash duration defined by
STROBE input; timeout
defined by flash_timeout
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AS3649
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
1. The MSB bit of this register not used to protect the LED; therefore the maximum torch light current = 1/4 * the maximum flash current
2. The low current mode is a general purpose PWM mode to drive less current through the LED in average, but keep the actual pulsed
current in a range where the light output from the LED is still specified. As only the 6 LSBs of led_current1 and led_current2 is used the
maximum current is limited to 1/4 of the maximum flash current.
Always keep led_current1 >= led_current2.
8.5.1
Flash Current Reductions
TXMASK.
Usually the flash current is defined by the register led_current1 and led_current2. If the TXMASK/TORCH input is used and (configured by
txmask_torch_mode=01), the flash current is reduced to flash_txmask_current if TXMASK/TORCH=1.
Current Reduction by VIN Measurements in Flash Mode and Diagnostic Pulse.
Due to the high load of the flash driver and the ESR of the battery (especially critical at low temperatures), the voltage on the battery drops. If the
voltage drops below the reset threshold, the system would reset. To prevent this condition the AS3649 monitors the battery voltage and keeps it
above vin_low_v as follows:
If the voltage on VIN before the flash is below vin_low_v, the DCDC is not started at all. Otherwise during flash, if the voltage on VIN drops below
the threshold defined by vin_low_v, the flash current is reduced (or ramping of the current is stopped during flash current startup) and
status_uvlo is set. The timing for the reduction of the current is 2µs/LSB current change.
During the flash pulse the actual used current can be readout by the register led_current_actual.
After the flash pulse the minimum current can be readout by the register led_current_min - this allows to adjust the camera sensitivity (gain or
iso-settings) for the subsequent flash pulse (e.g. when using a pre-flash and a main flash pulse).
The internal circuit for low voltage current reductions are shown in Figure 19:
Figure 19. Low Voltage Current Reduction Internal Circuit
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AS3649
1.0-2
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15 - 39
AS3649
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
A mobile phone camera flash system can trigger a diagnostic flash and a main-flash:
The diagnostic flash is initiated by the processor. After this diagnostic flash, the determined maximum flash current can be read back through the
2
I C interface from register led_current_min (see page 30) and used for the setting for the main flash. Therefore the current in the main-flash is
constant and additionally the camera system can use this current for picture quality adjustments - the waveforms for this concept are shown in
Figure 20:
Figure 20. Low Voltage Current Reduction Waveform with Diagnostic-Flash and Main-Flash Phase
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Short Diagnostic Pulse.
If the diagnostic flash should be short (e.g. 4ms) it is recommended to operate this diagnostic flash at a different vcompl_adj (see page 27) and
higher vin_low_v (see page 24) settings compared to the main flash as shown in Figure 21:
Figure 21. Low Voltage Current Reduction Waveform with Short Diagnostic-Flash and Main-Flash Phase
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AS3649
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
The AS3649 efficiency reduction during main flash can be compensated during a short diagnostic flash by adjusting vcompl_adj as shown in
Figure 21. Reducing vin_low_v during main flash additionally takes into account a longer time constant of the battery for high loads and allows a
very short diagnostic pulse (only 4ms).
Using the ams AG linux software driver it is possible to calculate the maximum flash duration for a given operating condition (additionally using
TJUNCTION measured through the AS3649 ADC).
8.5.2
Load Balancing
To improve the efficiency of the AS3649 for LEDs with unmatched forward voltage and reduce the internal power dissipation of the AS3649, set
the bit load_balance_on=1. This bit can change the currents through the LEDs by up to +/-15% to match the forward voltage of the LED better as
shown in Figure 22:
Figure 22. Load Balancing
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8.6 Flash Strobe Timings
The flash timing are defined as follows:
2
1. Flash duration defined by register flash_timeout and flash is started immediately when this mode is selected by the I C command (see
Figure 23):
set strobe_on = 0, start the flash by setting mode_setting = 11b
2. Flash duration defined by register flash_timeout and flash started with a rising edge on pin STROBE (see Figure 24):
set strobe_on = 1 and strobe_type = 0
3. Flash start and timing defined by the pin STROBE; the flash duration is limited by the timeout timer defined by flash_timeout (see
Figure 25 and Figure 26):
set strobe_on = 1 and strobe_type = 1
Figure 23. AS3649 Flash Duration Defined by flash_timeout Without Using STROBE Input
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AS3649
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
Figure 24. AS3649 Flash Duration Defined by flash_timeout, Starting Flash with STROBE Rising Edge
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Figure 25. AS3649 Flash Duration and Start Defined by STROBE, Limited by flash_timeout; Timer Not Expired
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Figure 26. AS3649 Flash Duration and Start Defined by STROBE, Limited by flash_timeout; Timer Expired
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AS3649
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
8.7 ADC
The internal ADC is used to monitor LED temperature and DIE temperature. To operate the ADC, set the adc_channel (see page 27) and start
the conversion by adc_convert. When adc_convert returns to ‘0’ the result is available in register adc_result (see page 30) (Bits 9...7)and
adc_result_lsbs (Bits 1...0).
The DIE junction temperature measurement returns the value according to Table 6:
Table 6. Junction Temperature Measurement ADC result
Junction Temperature - ºC
ADC Return Value (10bit)
-30
352
-20
343
-10
334
0
325
10
316
20
306
30
297
40
287
50
278
60
268
70
259
80
249
90
239
100
229
110
219
120
209
130
199
140
189
150
179
8.8 I2C Serial Data Bus
2
The AS3649 supports the I C bus protocol. A device that sends data onto the bus is defined as a transmitter and a device receiving data as a
receiver. The device that controls the message is called a master. The devices that are controlled by the master are referred to as slaves. A
master device that generates the serial clock (SCL), controls the bus access, and generates the START and STOP conditions must control the
2
bus. The AS3649 operates as a slave on the I C bus. Within the bus specifications a standard mode (100kHz maximum clock rate) and a fast
mode (400kHz maximum clock rate) are defined. The AS3649 works in both modes. Connections to the bus are made through the open-drain I/
O lines SDA and SCL.
The following bus protocol has been defined (Figure 27):
Data transfer may be initiated only when the bus is not busy.
During data transfer, the data line must remain stable whenever the clock line is HIGH. Changes in the data line while the clock line is HIGH
are interpreted as control signals.
Accordingly, the following bus conditions have been defined:
Bus Not Busy. Both data and clock lines remain HIGH.
Start Data Transfer. A change in the state of the data line, from HIGH to LOW, while the clock is HIGH, defines a START condition.
Stop Data Transfer. A change in the state of the data line, from LOW to HIGH, while the clock line is HIGH, defines the STOP condition.
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AS3649
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
Data Valid. The state of the data line represents valid data when, after a START condition, the data line is stable for the duration of the HIGH
period of the clock signal. The data on the line must be changed during the LOW period of the clock signal. There is one clock pulse per bit of
data.
Each data transfer is initiated with a START condition and terminated with a STOP condition. The number of data bytes transferred between
START and STOP conditions are not limited, and are determined by the master device. The information is transferred byte-wise and each
receiver acknowledges with a ninth bit.
Acknowledge. Each receiving device, when addressed, is obliged to generate an acknowledge after the reception of each byte. The master
device must generate an extra clock pulse that is associated with this acknowledge bit.
A device that acknowledges must pull down the SDA line during the acknowledge clock pulse in such a way that the SDA line is stable LOW
during the HIGH period of the acknowledge-related clock pulse. Of course, setup and hold times must be taken into account. A master must
signal an end of data to the slave by not generating an acknowledge bit on the last byte that has been clocked out of the slave. In this case, the
slave must leave the data line HIGH to enable the master to generate the STOP condition.
2
Figure 27. Data Transfer on I C Serial Bus
SDA
MSB
SLAVE
ADDRESS
R/W
DIRECTION
BIT
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT SIGNAL FROM RECEIVER
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT SIGNAL FROM RECEIVER
SCL
1
2
6
7
8
9
1
2
3-7
8
9
ACK
START
CONDITION
REPEATED IF MORE
BYTES ARE TRANSFERRED
STOP CONDITION
OR REPEATED
START CONDITION
Depending upon the state of the R/W bit, two types of data transfer are possible:
1. Data transfer from a master transmitter to a slave receiver. The first byte transmitted by the master is the slave address. Next
follows a number of data bytes. The slave returns an acknowledge bit after each received byte. Data is transferred with the most
significant bit (MSB) first.
2. Data transfer from a slave transmitter to a master receiver. The master transmits the first byte (the slave address). The slave then
returns an acknowledge bit, followed by the slave transmitting a number of data bytes. The master returns an acknowledge bit after all
received bytes other than the last byte. At the end of the last received byte, a “not acknowledge” is returned. The master device
generates all of the serial clock pulses and the START and STOP conditions. A transfer is ended with a STOP condition or with a
repeated START condition. Since a repeated START condition is also the beginning of the next serial transfer, the bus is not released.
Data is transferred with the most significant bit (MSB) first.
The AS3649 can operate in the following two modes:
1. Slave Receiver Mode (Write Mode): Serial data and clock are received through SDA and SCL. After each byte is received an
acknowledge bit is transmitted. START and STOP conditions are recognized as the beginning and end of a serial transfer. Address
recognition is performed by hardware after reception of the slave address and direction bit (see Figure 28). The slave address byte is
the first byte received after the master generates the START condition. The slave address byte contains the 7-bit AS3649 address,
13
which is 0110000, followed by the direction bit (R/W), which, for a write, is 0. After receiving and decoding the slave address byte the
device outputs an acknowledge on the SDA line. After the AS3649 acknowledges the slave address + write bit, the master transmits a
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AS3649
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
register address to the AS3649. This sets the register pointer on the AS3649. The master may then transmit zero or more bytes of
data, with the AS3649 acknowledging each byte received. The address pointer will increment after each data byte is transferred. The
master generates a STOP condition to terminate the data write.
2. Slave Transmitter Mode (Read Mode): The first byte is received and handled as in the slave receiver mode. However, in this mode,
the direction bit indicates that the transfer direction is reversed. Serial data is transmitted on SDA by the AS3649 while the serial clock
is input on SCL. START and STOP conditions are recognized as the beginning and end of a serial transfer (Figure 29 and Figure 30).
The slave address byte is the first byte received after the master generates a START condition. The slave address byte contains the 714
bit AS3649 address, which is 0110000, followed by the direction bit (R/W), which, for a read, is 1. After receiving and decoding the
slave address byte the device outputs an acknowledge on the SDA line. The AS3649 then begins to transmit data starting with the register address pointed to by the register pointer. If the register pointer is not written to before the initiation of a read mode the first
address that is read is the last one stored in the register pointer. The AS3649 must receive a “not acknowledge” to end a read.
<Slave Address>
S
0110000
<RW>
Figure 28. Data Write - Slave Receiver Mode
0
<Word Address (n)>
A
XXXXXXXX
A
XXXXXXXX
S - Start
A - Acknowledge (ACK)
P - Stop
<Data(n+X)>
<Data(n+1)>
<Data(n)>
A
XXXXXXXX
A
XXXXXXXX
A
P
NA
P
Data Transferred
(X + 1 Bytes + Acknowledge)
<Slave Address>
S
0110000
<RW>
Figure 29. Data Read (from Current Pointer Location) - Slave Transmitter Mode
1
<Data(n+1)>
<Data(n)>
A
S - Start
A - Acknowledge (ACK)
P - Stop
NA - Not Acknowledge (NACK)
XXXXXXXX
A
XXXXXXXX
<Data(n+X)>
<Data(n+2)>
A
XXXXXXXX
A
XXXXXXXX
Data Transferred
(X + 1 Bytes + Acknowledge)
Note: Last data byte is followed by a NACK
13.The address for writing to the AS3649 is 60h = 01100000b
14.The address for read mode from the AS3649 is 61h = 01100001b
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AS3649
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
S
0110000
0
A
XXXXXXXX
A
XXXXXXXX
<Slave Address>
Sr
A
0110000
A
XXXXXXXX
S - Start
Sr - Repeated Start
A - Acknowledge (ACK)
P - Stop
NA - Not Acknowledge (NACK)
1
A
<Data(n+X)>
<Data(n+2)>
<Data(n+1)>
<Data(n)>
XXXXXXXX
<Word Address (n)>
<RW>
<RW>
Figure 30. Data Read (Write Pointer, Then Read) - Slave Receive and Transmit
A
NA
XXXXXXXX
P
Data Transferred
(X + 1 Bytes + Acknowledge)
Note: Last data byte is followed by a NACK
8.9 Register Description
Table 7. ChipID Register
ChipID Register
Addr: 0
This register has a fixed ID
Bit
Bit Name
Default
Access
Description
2:0
version
Xh
R
AS3649 chip version number
7:3
fixed_id
11000b
R
This is a fixed identification (e.g. to verify the I C communication)
2
Table 8. Current Set LED1 Register
Current Set LED1 Register
Addr: 1
Bit
Bit Name
This register defines design versions
Default
Access
Description
Define the current on pin LED_OUT1;
torch mode uses bits 5:0 of this current setting (max. 1/4 of full current
setting)
indicator or low current pwm mode uses only 5:0 of this current setting
(max. 1/4 of full current setting)
Note: Always keep led_current1 >= led_current2
7:0
led_current1
9Ch
R/W
0h
0mA
1h
7.8mA
2h
11.7mA
...
...
3Fh
250mA (maximum current for torch light mode, indicator or low
current pwm mode,
mode_setting=01 or 10)
...
...
7Fh
500mA
...
...
9Ch
613.3mA - default setting
...
...
FEh
996mA (1245mA if current_boost=1)
FFh
1000mA (1250mA if current_boost=1)
1
1
1. Only use current_boost=1 for currents > 1000mA(code >= CCh)
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AS3649
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
Table 9. Current Set LED2 Register
Current Set LED2 Register
Addr: 2
Bit
Bit Name
This register defines design versions
Default
Access
Description
Define the current on pin LED_OUT2;
torch mode uses bits 5:0 of this current setting (max. 1/4 of full current
setting)
indicator or low current pwm mode uses only 5:0 of this current setting
(max. 1/4 of full current setting)
Note: Always keep led_current1 >= led_current2
led_current2
7:0
9Ch
R/W
0h
0mA
1h
7.8mA
2h
11.7mA
...
...
3Fh
250mA (maximum current for torch light mode, indicator or low
current pwm mode,
mode_setting=01 or 10)
...
...
7Fh
500mA
...
...
9Ch
613.3mA - default setting
...
...
FEh
996mA (1245mA if current_boost=1)
FFh
1000mA (1250mA if current_boost=1)
1
1
1. Only use current_boost=1 for currents > 1000mA(code >= CCh)
Table 10. TXMask Register
TXMask Register
Addr: 3
Bit
Bit Name
This register defines the TXMask settings and coil peak current
Default
Access
Description
Defines operating mode for input pin TXMASK/TORCH
1:0
txmask_torch_mode
00
00
pin has no effect
01
txmask-mode; during flash if TXMASK/TORCH=1, the LED
current is set to flash_txmask_current - (see TXMASK on page
15)
10
external torch mode: if TXMASK/TORCH=1 and
mode_setting=00, the AS3649is set into external torch mode
1
(LED current is defined by the 6LSB bits of led_current1 and
led_current2)
11
don’t use
R/W
Defines the maximum coil current (parameter ILIMIT)
3:2
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coil_peak
10
R/W
00
ILIMIT = 2.5A
01
ILIMIT = 2.9A
10
ILIMIT = 3.3A
11
ILIMIT = 3.7A
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AS3649
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
Table 10. TXMask Register (Continued)
TXMask Register
Addr: 3
Bit
This register defines the TXMask settings and coil peak current
Bit Name
Default
Access
Description
Define the current on pin LED_OUT1 and LED_OUT2 (each current
source) in flash mode if txmask_torch_mode=01 and TXMASK/
TORCH=1
7:4
flash_txmask_current
2
6h
R/W
0h
0mA
1h
31mA (39mA if current_boost=1)
2h
63mA (78mA if current_boost=1)
3h
94mA (118mA if current_boost=1)
4h
125mA (157mA if current_boost=1)
5h
157mA (196mA if current_boost=1)
6h
188mA (235mA if current_boost=1) - default
7h
220mA (275mA if current_boost=1)
8h
251mA (314mA if current_boost=1)
9h
282mA (353mA if current_boost=1)
Ah
314mA (392mA if current_boost=1)
Bh
345mA (431mA if current_boost=1)
Ch
376mA (471mA if current_boost=1)
Dh
408mA (510mA if current_boost=1)
Eh
439mA (549mA if current_boost=1)
Fh
471mA (588mA if current_boost=1)
1. The MSB bit of this register not used to protect the LED; therefore the maximum current = 1/4 the maximum flash current
2. If current_boost=1, the LED current is increased by 25%.
Table 11. Low Voltage / NTC Register
Low Voltage / NTC Register
Addr: 4
Bit
Bit Name
This register defines the operating mode with low battery voltages
Default
Access
Description
Voltage level on VIN where current reduction triggers during operation
(see Current Reduction by VIN Measurements in Flash Mode and
Diagnostic Pulse on page 15) - only in flash mode; if VIN drops below
this voltage during current ramp up, the current ramp up is stopped;
during operation the current is decreased until the voltage on VIN rises
above this threshold - status_uvlo is set
2:0
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vin_low_v
4h
R/W
0h
function is disabled
1h
3.0V
2h
3.07V
3h
3.14V
4h
3.22V - default
5h
3.3V
6h
3.38V
7h
3.47V
1.0-2
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AS3649
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
Table 11. Low Voltage / NTC Register (Continued)
Low Voltage / NTC Register
Addr: 4
Bit
Bit Name
This register defines the operating mode with low battery voltages
Default
Access
Description
Enable overtemperature protection on pin NTC (internal comparator
comparing NTC to VNTC_TH)
3
ntc_on
0
R/W
0
disabled
1
enabled
Current through the NTC (INTC); it is enabled once the LED current
source (LED_OUT1/2) is operating and ntc_on=1 or the ADC measures
the LED temperature (see NTC - Flash LED Overtemperature Protection
on page 14)
7:4
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ntc_current
8h
R/W
0h
off;
can be used to use an external
current to bias the NTC
1h
40µA
2h
80µA
3h
120µA
4h
160µA
5h
200µA
6h
240µA
7h
280µA
8h
320µA - default
9h
360µA
Ah
400µA
Bh
440µA
Ch
480µA
Dh
520µA
Eh
560µA
Fh
600µA
1.0-2
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AS3649
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
Table 12. Flash Timer Register
Flash Timer Register
Addr: 5
Bit
This register identifies the flash timer and timeout settings
Bit Name
Default
Access
Description
Define the duration of the flash timer and timeout timer
5:0
flash_timeout
1
26h
R/W
00h … 4ms
01h … 8ms
02h … 12ms
03h … 16ms
04h … 20ms
05h … 24ms
06h … 28ms
07h … 32ms
08h … 36ms
09h … 40ms
0Ah … 44ms
0Bh … 48ms
0Ch … 52ms
0Dh … 56ms
0Eh … 60ms
0Fh … 64ms
10h … 68ms
11h … 72ms
12h … 76ms
13h … 80ms
14h … 84ms
15h … 88ms
2Bh … 484ms
2Ch … 516ms
2Dh … 548ms
2Eh … 580ms
2Fh … 612ms
30h … 644ms
31h … 676ms
32h … 708ms
33h … 740ms
34h … 772ms
35h … 804ms
36h … 836ms
37h … 868ms
38h … 900ms
39h … 932ms
3Ah … 964ms
3Bh … 996ms
3Ch … 1028ms
3Dh … 1060ms
3Eh … 1092ms
3Fh … 1124ms
16h … 92ms
17h … 96ms
18h … 100ms
19h … 104ms
1Ah … 108ms
1Bh … 112ms
1Ch … 116ms
1Dh … 120ms
1Eh … 124ms
1Fh … 128ms
20h … 132ms
21h … 164ms
22h … 196ms
23h … 228ms
24h … 260ms
25h … 292ms
26h … 324ms
27h … 356ms
28h … 388ms
29h … 420ms
2Ah … 452ms
1. Internal calculation for codes above 20h: flash timeout [ms] = (flash_timeout-32) * 32 + 132 [ms]
Table 13. Control Register
Control Register
Addr: 6
Bit
Bit Name
This register identifies the operating mode and includes an all on/off bit
Default
Access
Description
Define the AS3649 operating mode - see Table 5, “Operating Mode and
Current Settings,” on page 14
standby/shutdown or external torch mode if
txmask_torch_mode (page 23)=10
00
indicator mode (or low current mode using PWM)
01
1:0
mode_setting
00
R/W
1
LED current is defined by the 6LSB bits of led_current1 and
led_current2 pwm modulated defined by register inct_pwm
(31.5kHz: 1/16...4/16, 7.9kHz: 1/64...3/64)
torch light mode:
10
2
LED current is defined by the 6LSB bits of led_current1 and
led_current2
flash mode:
LED current is defined by led_current1 and led_current2
(mode_setting is automatically cleared after a flash pulse)
11
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AS3649
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
Table 13. Control Register (Continued)
Control Register
Addr: 6
Bit
Bit Name
This register identifies the operating mode and includes an all on/off bit
Default
Access
Description
Increase min. on time of DCDC converter - use for diagnostic pulse, if
freq_switch_on=1.
If this register is not 00 and freq_switch_on=1, the DCDC converter will
use 4MHz operation forced PWM mode or pass-through mode but will
not switch to 1MHz operation
3:2
min_on_increase
00
R/W
00
100% - default min. on time
01
108%
10
131%
11
157%
Force DCDC operation even in pass-through mode - use for diagnostic
pulse, if freq_switch_on=1
4
force_dcdc_on
0
R/W
0
DCDC is only enabled when needed; default
1
DCDC is always enabled even when pass-though mode could be
used
Increase voltage compliance of current source for diagnostic pulses see Short Diagnostic Pulse on page 16
vcompl_adj
7:5
000b
R/W
000
default - 0mV
001
14mV (26mV if current_boost=1)
010
29mV (51mV if current_boost=1)
011
43mV (77mV if current_boost=1)
100
57mV (103mV if current_boost=1)
101
71mV (129mV if current_boost=1)
110
85mV (154mV if current_boost=1)
111
100mV (180mV if current_boost=1)
1. The two MSB bits of this register are not used to protect the LED; therefore the maximum indicator (or low current mode using PWM)
light current = 1/4 the maximum flash current multiplied by the duty cycle defined by inct_pwm
2. The two MSB bits of this register not used to protect the LED; therefore the maximum torch light current = 1/4 the maximum flash current
Table 14. Strobe Signalling / ADC Register
Strobe Signalling / ADC Register
Addr: 7
Bit
Bit Name
This register defines the flash current reducing and mode for STROBE
Default
Access
Description
Select ADC channel for conversion
3:0
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adc_channel
000b
R/W
000
NTC
001
TJUNC
010
VIN
1.0-2
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AS3649
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
Table 14. Strobe Signalling / ADC Register (Continued)
Strobe Signalling / ADC Register
Addr: 7
Bit
Bit Name
This register defines the flash current reducing and mode for STROBE
Default
Access
Description
Start ADC conversion
adc_convert
4
0
R/W
0
ADC conversion finished
1
Start ADC conversion - once finished the register bit is
automatically reset and the result is stored in adc_result
Allow pulseskip operation of DCDC - see Table 4 on page 12
5
dcdc_skip_enable
1
R/W
0
Disabled - force 4MHz (1MHz) operation
1
Enabled - can use pulseskip
1
Defines if the STROBE input is edge or level sensitive; see also bit
strobe_on (page 28)
strobe_type
6
1
R/W
0
STROBE input is edge sensitive
1
STROBE input is level sensitive
Enables the STROBE input
strobe_on
7
1
R/W
0
STROBE input disabled
1
STROBE input enabled
in flash mode
1. Exception depending on freq_switch_on (see page 29) - see Table 4 on page 12
Table 15. Fault Register
Fault Register
Addr: 8
Bit
0
1
2
3
Bit Name
status_uvlo
reserved
fault_ntc
fault_txmask
This register identifies all the different fault conditions and provide information about the
LED detection
Default
0
0
0
0
Access
R/sC
1
Description
an undervoltage event has happened - see Current Reduction by VIN
Measurements in Flash Mode and Diagnostic Pulse on page 15
0
No
1
Yes
R
R/sC
R/sC
reserved - don’t use
1
1
LED overtemperature detection hit - see NTC - Flash LED
Overtemperature Protection on page 14
0
No
1
Yes
TXMASK/TORCH event triggered during flash - see TXMASK event
occurred on page 13
0
No
1
Yes
see Flash Timeout on page 14
4
www.ams.com/AS3649
fault_timeout
0
R/sC
1
0
No fault
1
Flash timeout exceeded
1.0-2
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AS3649
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
Table 15. Fault Register (Continued)
Fault Register
Addr: 8
Bit
This register identifies all the different fault conditions and provide information about the
LED detection
Bit Name
Default
Access
Description
see Overtemperature Protection on page 13
5
fault_overtemp
0
R/sC
1
0
No fault
1
Junction temperature limit has been exceeded
see Short Circuit Protection on page 13
6
fault_led_short
0
R/sC
1
0
No fault
1
A shorted LED is detected (pin LED_OUT1/2)
see Overvoltage Protection on page 13
fault_ovp
7
0
R/sC
1
0
No fault
1
An overvoltage condition is detected (pin VOUT)
1. R/sC = Read, self clear; after readout the register is automatically cleared
Table 16. PWM and Indicator Register
PWM and Indicator Register
Addr: 9
Bit
This register defines the PWM mode (e.g. for indicator) and 4/1MHz mode switching
Bit Name
Default
Access
Description
Define the AS3649 PWM with 31.5kHz or 7.9kHz operation for indicator
or low current mode (mode_setting=01)
1
2:0
inct_pwm
00
R/W
000
1/16 duty cycle / 31.5kHz
001
2/16 duty cycle / 31.5kHz
010
3/16 duty cycle / 31.5kHz
011
4/16 duty cycle / 31.5kHz
100
1/64 duty cycle / 7.9kHz; needs const_v_mode=1 (additional
quiescent current)
101
2/64 duty cycle / 7.9kHz; needs const_v_mode=1
(additional quiescent current)
110
3/64 duty cycle / 7.9kHz; needs const_v_mode=1
(additional quiescent current)
111
(4/64 duty cycle / 7.9kHz) don’t use; use 000 setting instead
Exact frequency switching between 4MHz/1MHz for operation close to
maximum
pulsewidth - see Table 4 on page 12
3
freq_switch_on
www.ams.com/AS3649
0
R/W
0
Pulseskip operation is allowed depending on dcdc_skip_enable
(see page 28)
1
if led_current1>=40h or led_current2>=40h and current_boost=0,
the DCDC is running at 4MHz or 1MHz and pulseskip is disabled results in improved noise performance
1.0-2
29 - 39
AS3649
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
Table 16. PWM and Indicator Register (Continued)
PWM and Indicator Register
Addr: 9
Bit
4
This register defines the PWM mode (e.g. for indicator) and 4/1MHz mode switching
Bit Name
Default
load_balance_on
0
Access
R/W
Description
Balance the current sources (up to +/-15% of set current) to improve
application efficiency for unmatched LED forward voltages - see Load
Balancing on page 17
0
disabled
1
enabled
Enables Constant output voltage mode
5
const_v_mode
0
0
Normal operation defined by mode_setting
1
5V constant voltage mode on VOUT1/2;
LED current can be controlled by registers mode_setting,
led_current1 and led_current2 as in normal operating mode, but
the ramping up/down of the current sources is disabled
(instantaneous on/off of the LED current)
R/W
1. Using 31.5kHz modulation avoids audible noise on the output capacitor CVOUT
Table 17. ADC Result Register
ADC Result Register
Addr: Ah
This register reports the actual set LED current
Bit
Bit Name
Default
Access
Description
7:0
adc_result
NA
R
Result of ADC conversion for channel adc_channel
Table 18. ADC Result LSBs Register
ADC Result LSBs Register
Addr: Bh
This register reports the actual set LED current
Bit
Bit Name
Default
Access
Description
1:0
adc_result_lsbs
NA
R
Result of ADC conversion for channel adc_channel
Table 19. Minimum LED Current Register
Minimum LED Current Register
Addr: Eh
Bit
7:0
This register reports the minimum LED current from the last operation cycle
Bit Name
led_current_min
Default
123
00h
Access
Description
R
see Current Reduction by VIN Measurements in Flash Mode and
Diagnostic Pulse (see page 15) and Figure 20 on page 16
1. Only the current through LED_OUT1 is reported.
2. As the internal change of this register is asynchronous to the readout, it is recommended to readout the register after the flash pulse.
The register will store the minimum current through the LED after e.g. a previous flash. This current can be used for a subsequent flash
pulse for a safe operating range.
3. This register is only set if an actual current reduction happens (status_uvlo (see page 28)=1) otherwise led_current_min=0.
www.ams.com/AS3649
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AS3649
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
Table 20. Actual LED Current Register
Actual LED Current Register
Addr: Fh
Bit
7:0
This register reports the actual set LED current
Bit Name
led_current_actual
12
Default
Access
Description
00h
R
Actual set current through the current source (including all current
reductions as described in Flash Current Reductions (see page 15)
including LED current ramp up/down)
1. Only the current through LED_OUT1 is reported.
2. As the internal change of this register is asynchronous to the readout, it is recommended to readout the register twice and compare the
results.
Table 21. Unlock Register Register
Unlock Register Register
Addr: 80h
Protection for register Current Boost
Bit
Bit Name
Default
Access
Description
7:0
unlock
NA
W
Write 55h into this register to enable access to register 81h
Table 22. Current Boost Register
Current Boost Register
Addr: 81h
Bit
Increase output current by 25%
Bit Name
Default
Access
Description
Boost all LED currents by 25%
0
current_boost
1
0
R/W
0
all LED current are as described in the tables
1
all LED current are increased by 25%
2
1. Write 55h into register unlock (0x80) to enable access to this register (unlocking is only valid for the next I C access) - required on any
write access to this register
www.ams.com/AS3649
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AS3649
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
8.10 Register Map
Table 23. Register Map
Register Definition
1
Addr
Default
Name
Content
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
ChipID
0
Cxh
Current Set LED1
1
9Ch
led_current1
Current Set LED2
2
9Ch
led_current2
TXMask
3
68h
flash_txmask_current
Low Voltage / NTC
4
84h
ntc_current
Flash Timer
5
26h
Control
6
00h
Strobe Signalling /
ADC
7
E0h
dcdc_skip adc_conv
strobe_on strobe_ty
pe
_enable
ert
Fault
8
00h
fault_over fault_time fault_txm
fault_ovp fault_led_
short
temp
out
ask
PWM and Indicator
9
00h
const_v_ load_bala freq_switc
mode
nce_on
h_on
ADC Result
Ah
NA
ADC Result LSBs
Bh
NA
Minimum LED Current
Eh
00h
led_current_min
Actual LED Current
Fh
00h
led_current_actual
Unlock Register
80h
00h
unlock
Current Boost
81h
00h
b2
fixed_id
b1
b0
version
coil_peak
txmask_torch_mode
ntc_on
vin_low_v
flash_timeout
force_dcd
c_on
vcompl_adj
min_on_increase
mode_setting
adc_channel
fault_ntc
reserved status_uvl
o
inct_pwm
adc_result
adc_result_lsbs
current_b
oost
1. Always write’0’ to undefined register bits
www.ams.com/AS3649
1.0-2
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AS3649
Datasheet - A p p l i c a t i o n I n f o r m a t i o n
9 Application Information
9.1 External Components
9.1.1
Input Capacitor CVIN
Low ESR input capacitors reduce input switching noise and reduce the peak current drawn from the battery. Ceramic capacitors are required for
input decoupling and should be located as close to the device as is practical.
Table 24. Recommended Input Capacitor
Part Number
C
TC Code
Rated
Voltage
Size
Manufacturer
GRM188R60J106ME47
10µ
>3µ[email protected]
>2µ[email protected]
X5R
6V3
0603
Murata
www.murata.com
LMK107BBJ106MA
10µ
>3µ[email protected]
X5R
6V3
0603
Taiyo Yuden
www.t-yuden.com
If a different input capacitor is chosen, ensure similar ESR value and at least 3µF capacitance at the maximum input supply voltage. Larger
capacitor values (C) may be used without limitations.
Add a smaller capacitor in parallel to the input pin VIN (e.g. Murata GRM155R61C104, >50nF @ 3V, 0402 size).
9.1.2
Output Capacitor CVOUT
Low ESR capacitors should be used to minimize VOUT ripple. Multi-layer ceramic capacitors are recommended since they have extremely low
ESR and are available in small footprints. The capacitor should be located as close to the device as is practical.
X5R dielectric material is recommended due to their ability to maintain capacitance over wide voltage and temperature range.
Table 25. Recommended Output Capacitor
Part Number
C
TC Code
Rated
Voltage
Size
GRM219R61A106ME47
10µF +/-10%
>4.2µ[email protected]
X5R
10V
0805 (2.0x1.25x0.85mm
max 1mm height)
22µF
>4.2µ[email protected]
X5R
6.3V
0805
(2.0x1.25x1.25mm
max. 1.4mm height)
10µF +/-20%
>4.2µ[email protected]
X5R
6.3V
0603
(1.6x0.8x0.85mm
max. 0.95mm height)
GRM21BR60J226M
1
GRM188R60J106ME84
2
Manufacturer
Murata
www.murata.com
1. Use only for VLED < 4.1V
2. Use only for VLED < 3.75V
If a different output capacitor is chosen, ensure similar ESR values and at least 4.2µF capacitance at 5V output voltage.
www.ams.com/AS3649
1.0-2
33 - 39
AS3649
Datasheet - A p p l i c a t i o n I n f o r m a t i o n
9.1.3
Inductor LDCDC
The fast switching frequency (4MHz) of the AS3649 allows for the use of small SMDs for the external inductor. The saturation current
15
ISATURATION should be chosen to be above the maximum value of ILIMIT . The inductor should have very low DC resistance (DCR) to reduce
2
the I R power losses - high DCR values will reduce efficiency.
Table 26. Recommended Inductor
Part Number
L
DCR
ISATURATION
Size
Manufacturer
LQM32PN1R0MG0
1.0µH
>0.6µH @ 3.0A
60m
3.0A
3.2x2.5x0.9mm
max 1.0mm
height
Murata
www.murata.com
SPM4012T-1R0M
1.0µH +/-20%
38m
4.57A
4.4x4.1x1.2
mm
height is max
2
3.2x3x1.2
mm
height is max
4
3.2x2.5mm
max 1.0mm
height
4
3.2x2.5x0.9mm
max 1.0mm
height
3
2.4x2.4x1.2mm
(height is max.)
4
2.5x2.0x1.2mm
height is max
1
SPM3012T-1R0M
1.0µH +/-20%
57m
+/-10%
3.4A
CIG32W1R0MNE
1.0µH
>0.7µH @ 2.7A
>0.6µH @ 3.0A
60m
+/-25%
3.0A
CKP3225N1R0M
1.0µH
>0.6µH @ 3.0A
<60m
3.0A
NRH2412T1R0N
1.0µH
>0.6µH @ 2.5A
77m
2.5A
MAMK2520T1R0M
1.0µH
>0.6µH @ 2.75A
45m
3.1A
TDK
www.tdk.com
Samsung Electro-Mechancs
www.sem.samsung.co.kr
Taiyo Yuden
www.t-yuden.com
1. Flash pattern: 200ms/3A, 200ms pause, 200ms/3A, 2s then repeat again (no limit on the number of total cycles)
Alternative pattern with 1000ms/1.6A, 200ms pause, 200ms/3A, 200ms pause, 200ms/3A, 2s then repeat again. (no limit on the number
of total cycles). Use only up to coil_peak=2.9A setting
2. Inductance changes by -30%, use only up to coil_peak=3.3A setting
3. Use only for coil_peak=2.5A setting.
4. Use only up to coil_peak=2.9A setting.
If a different inductor is chosen, ensure similar DCR values and at least0.6µH inductance at ILIMIT.
9.1.4
Thermistor (NTC)
The NTC is used to protect the LED against overheating (hardware protection inside the AS3649, which works without any software - see NTC Flash LED Overtemperature Protection on page 14).
The thermistor has to be thermally coupled to the LED (and therefore as close as possible to the LED) and it shall not share the same ground
connection as the LED return ground (if they share the same ground connection the high current through the LED will offset the measurement of
the NTC).
Table 27. Recommended Thermistors
Part Number
Resistance @ 25ºC
B-constant 25/50ºC
NCP03WL224E05RL
220k +/-3%
4485K +/-1%
NCP03WL104E05RL
100k +/-3%
4485K +/-1%
NCP15WF104F03RC
100k
NCP15WL683J03RC
68k
Size
Manufacturer
0201
Murata
www.murata.com
0402
It is recommended to use 220k resistance for a detection threshold of 125ºC, 100k for 110ºC and 68k for 80ºC LED temperature detection
threshold.
15.Can be adjusted in I2C mode with register coil_peak (see page 23)
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1.0-2
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AS3649
Datasheet - A p p l i c a t i o n I n f o r m a t i o n
9.2 PCB Layout Guideline
The high speed operation requires proper layout for optimum performance. Route the power traces first and try to minimize the area and wire
length of the two high frequency/high current loops:
Loop1: CVIN/CVIN2 - LDCDC - pin SW1/2 - pin GND - CVIN/CVIN2
Loop2: CVIN/CVIN2 - LDCDC - pin SW1/2 - pin VOUT1/2 - CVOUT - pin GND - CVIN/CVIN2
At the pin GND a single via (or more vias, which are closely combined) connects to the common ground plane. This via(s) will isolate the DCDC
high frequency currents from the common ground (as most high frequency current will flow between Loop1 and Loop2 and will not pass the
ground plane) - see the ‘island’ in Figure 31.
Figure 31. Layout Recommendation
"-.
**
+,-./,-01
*
'$)
)$)
"-..
)
!"#
*4
,-",
*/2+1
$
5*
234
234,
!"#$%
&$$$
)
Note: If component placement rules allow, move all components close to the AS3649 to reduce the area and length of Loop1 and Loop2.
It is recommended to use the main ground plane for the LED ground connections (improved thermal performance of the LEDs) - it is
recommend to use a separate ground line as shown Figure 31 for the ground connection of the NTC (this avoids errors for the temperature measurement of the LEDs due to the high LED current in the main ground plane).
Keep the LED path (from pin LED_OUT1/2 to the LED and the ground return path) below 10cm (represents an inductance of less than
100nH).
An additional 100nF (e.g. Murata GRM155R61C104, >50nF @ 3V, 0402 size) capacitor CVIN2 in parallel to CVIN is recommended to filter high
frequency noise for the power supply of AS3649. This capacitor should be as close as possible to the AGND/VIN pins of AS3649.
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AS3649
Datasheet - A p p l i c a t i o n I n f o r m a t i o n
9.3 5V Operating Mode
The AS3649 can be used to power a 5V system (e.g. audio amplifier). The operating mode is selected by setting register bit
const_v_mode (page 30)=1.
Note: There is always a diode between VIN and VOUT1/2 due to the internal circuit. Therefore VOUT1/2 cannot be completely switched off
Figure 32. 5V Operating Mode
AS3649
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AS3649
Datasheet - P a c k a g e D r a w i n g s a n d M a r k i n g s
10 Package Drawings and Markings
Figure 33. WL-CSP16 Marking
Note:
Line 1:
Line 2:
Line 3:
ams AG logo
AS3649
<Code>
Encoded Datecode (4 characters)
Figure 34. WL-CSP16 Package Dimensions
!
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$
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The coplanarity of the balls is 40µm.
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AS3649
Datasheet - O r d e r i n g I n f o r m a t i o n
11 Ordering Information
The devices are available as the standard products shown in Table 28.
Table 28. Ordering Information
Ordering Code
AS3649-ZWLT
Description
Delivery Form
Package
Tape & Reel
16-pin WL-CSP
(2.06x2.02x0.6mm)
0.5mm pitch
RoHS compliant / Pb-Free / Green
2500mA High Current LED Flash Driver
Z Temperature Range: -30ºC - 85ºC
WL Package: Wafer Level Chip Scale Package (WL-CSP) 2.06x2.02x0.6mm
T Delivery Form: Tape & Reel
Note: All products are RoHS compliant and ams green.
Buy our products or get free samples online at www.ams.com/ICdirect
Technical Support is available at www.ams.com/Technical-Support
For further information and requests, email us at [email protected]
(or) find your local distributor at www.ams.com/distributor
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AS3649
Datasheet - O r d e r i n g I n f o r m a t i o n
Copyrights
Copyright © 1997-2013, ams AG, Tobelbaderstrasse 30, 8141 Unterpremstaetten, Austria-Europe. Trademarks Registered ®. All rights
reserved. The material herein may not be reproduced, adapted, merged, translated, stored, or used without the prior written consent of the
copyright owner.
All products and companies mentioned are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.
Disclaimer
Devices sold by ams AG are covered by the warranty and patent indemnification provisions appearing in its Term of Sale. ams AG makes no
warranty, express, statutory, implied, or by description regarding the information set forth herein or regarding the freedom of the described
devices from patent infringement. ams AG reserves the right to change specifications and prices at any time and without notice. Therefore, prior
to designing this product into a system, it is necessary to check with ams AG for current information. This product is intended for use in normal
commercial applications. Applications requiring extended temperature range, unusual environmental requirements, or high reliability
applications, such as military, medical life-support or life-sustaining equipment are specifically not recommended without additional processing
by ams AG for each application. For shipments of less than 100 parts the manufacturing flow might show deviations from the standard
production flow, such as test flow or test location.
The information furnished here by ams AG is believed to be correct and accurate. However, ams AG shall not be liable to recipient or any third
party for any damages, including but not limited to personal injury, property damage, loss of profits, loss of use, interruption of business or
indirect, special, incidental or consequential damages, of any kind, in connection with or arising out of the furnishing, performance or use of the
technical data herein. No obligation or liability to recipient or any third party shall arise or flow out of ams AG rendering of technical or other
services.
Contact Information
Headquarters
ams AG
Tobelbaderstrasse 30
A-8141 Unterpremstaetten, Austria
Tel
Fax
: +43 (0) 3136 500 0
: +43 (0) 3136 525 01
For Sales Offices, Distributors and Representatives, please visit:
http://www.ams.com/contact
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