Aeroflex Colorado Springs Application Note AN-LVDS-012-01 Calculating Skew Margin for a UT54LVDS217 and UT54LVDS218 Link Table 1: Cross Reference of Applicable Products Manufacturer Part SMD # Number 3.0V SERIALIZER UT54LVDS217 5962-01534 Product Name: 3.0V DESERIALIZER UT54LVDS218 5962-01535 Device Type 01, 02 Internal PIC 01, 02 WD11, WD13 WD12, WD14 1.0 Overview Receiver Input Skew Margin (RSKM) is defined as the total available margin after accounting for transmitter pulse (TPPosN), receiver strobe (RSPosN), jitter, and interconnect media dependent factors. To ensure proper functionality of a LVDS link, the system designer must consider the factors that can cause errors during the high speed data transmission between the UT54LVDS217 Serializer and UT54LVDS218 Deserializer. This application note provides jitter, TPPosN, RSPosN data, and an example calculation for receiver skew margin (RSKM). NOTE: The data in this application note is not guaranteed and intended to be used as a REFRENCE ONLY. Tx CLK IN PLL UT54LVDS218 100 Ω 100 Ω 100 Ω 100 Ω LVDS-TO-PARALLEL TTL TxIN0 TxIN1 TxIN TxIN3 TxIN4 TxIN5 TxIN6 TxIN7 TxIN8 TxIN9 TxIN10 TxIN11 TxIN12 TxIN13 TxIN14 TxIN15 TxIN16 TxIN17 TxIN18 TxIN19 TxIN20 TTL PARALLEL-TO-LVDS UT54LVDS217 PLL PowerDown RxOUT0 RxOUT1 RxOUT2 RxOUT3 RxOUT4 RxOUT5 RxOUT6 RxOUT7 RxOUT8 RxOUT9 RxOUT10 RxOUT11 RxOUT12 RxOUT13 RxOUT14 RxOUT15 RxOUT16 RxOUT17 RxOUT18 RxOUT19 RxOUT20 Rx CLK OUT PowerDown Figure 1. Standard UT54LVDS217 and UT54LVDS218 Configuration Creation Date: June 20, 2011 Page 1 of 5 Modification Date: 2.0 RSKM Factors RSKM(LeftSide) RSKM(RightSide) Ideally the receiver strobe would occur directly in the middle of the strobe position window (RSPosN(MIN) and RSPosN(MAX)) and sample data correctly. Due to several factors that decrease the width of the sampling window, a skew margin is required to ensure valid data is sampled correctly by the UT54LVDS218 receiver. Figure 2 details the main factors that reduce the receiver strobe position window. The values calculated for variables A, B, C, and D must be divided in half and distributed on each side of the ideal strobe position. Figure 2. UT54LVDS218 RSKM diagram A = Transmitter Pulse Variation (from ideal) TPPosN(MAX) - TPPosN(MIN) A TPPosN ( MAX ) TPPosN ( MIN ) B = Cable Skew, (typically 10-40ps per foot), and ISI (Inter symbol interference) both are media dependant. B = SKEW * Cable Length C = Set up and hold times for UT54LVDS218. (RSPosN(MIN)) and (RSPosN(MAX)) C = RSPOSn0(MAX) to RSPosN(MAX) D = Total Source Clock Jitter, from UT54LVDS217 D = (See Figure 3) Creation Date: June 20, 2011 Page 2 of 5 Modification Date: 3.0 EXAMPLE Calculating Bit0 This example estimates the skew budget for bit 0 transferred from the UT54LVDS217 to the UT54LVDS218 operating at 25MHz. Please reference Application note AN-LVDS-011 “UT54LVDS217 Transmitter Pulse Position (TPPosN) and UT54LVDS218 Receiver Strobe Position (RSPosN) Estimate Over Frequency” for TPPosN and RSPosN values at different frequencies. Calculate Bit Width: 25MHz 1 40.00ns 25MHz There are 7 bits in the bit stream: Bit Width 40.0ns 5.7143ns 5714.3 ps 7 Using the “Estimated RSPosN” and “Estimated TPPosN” figures in application note AN-LVDS-011 we obtain the estimated pulse and strobe positions for the UT54LVDS218 and UT54LVDS217 operating at 25MHz. A: TPPon0(MAX)@25MHz = 0.08ns TPPos0(MIN)@25MHz = -0.05ns From AN-LVDS-011 From AN-LVDS-011 TPPon0(MAX)-TPPos0(MIN) = (0.08ns)-(-0.05ns) =0.13ns A 0.13ns 0.65ns 650 ps 2 2 B: Assume the UT54LVDS217 and UT43LVDS218 are connected using a 1 meter cable and the cable characteristics are listed as 13ps SKEW/foot and ISI=0. B = (13ps)*(3.2808 foot) = 42.65ps SKEW from the 1 meter cable B 42.65 21.32 ps 2 2 NOTE: B will change depending on system interconnect media. Calculate the amount of skew per foot, inch, mm, meter, etc for the interconnect layer. Cable Skew changes depending on the cables or PCB traces in the system. Contact the cable manufacturer or figure out your PCB trace parasitics and use that number here. This example assumed a 1 meter cable with 13ps SKEW/foot. C: RSPOSn0(MAX)@25MHz = RSPosN(MAX) for Bit0 = 2.77ns = 2770ps From AN-LVDS-011 RSPOSn0(MIN)@25MHz = RSPosN(MIN) for Bit0 = 1.72ns = 1720ps From AN-LVDS-011 Creation Date: June 20, 2011 Page 3 of 5 Modification Date: D: For this example assume temperature is 25°C, VDD=3.3V, the Serializers jitter is estimated using Figure 4 below. Please note that jitter for the UT54LVDS217 varies little over temperature, so the data at 25°C provides a sufficient estimate. 217 Jitter (25MHz ) Jitter (20MHz ) Jitter (32.4 MHz ) (303.7 ps ) (179.8 ps ) 241.75 ps 1720ps 2 2 D 241.75 ps 120.87 ps 2 2 Estimated UT54LVDS217 Clock Jitter Temp =25C 2500 Jitter (ps) 2000 2.7V 1500 3.0V 1000 3.3V 500 3.6V 0 0 20 40 60 80 Frequency (MHz) Figure 3. Estimated Serializer clock jitter at 25°C Creation Date: June 20, 2011 Page 4 of 5 Modification Date: Plugging variables A, B, C, and D to the RSKM budget, Figure 4: A = 650ps 2 B = 21.32ps 2 C = 1720ps to 2770ns 2 D = 120.87ps 2 RSKM ( LeftSide) 927.81 ps RSKM ( RightSide) 2152.11 ps Figure 4. EXAMPLE Bit0 RSKM calculation diagram 4.0 Summary Estimating for TPPosN and RSPosN for various clock frequencies aids the system designer in calculating the skew budget for the 217/218 system, as well as cable selection. Using data presented in AN-LVDS-011, UT54LVDS217 jitter data, and interconnect media factors, RSKM can be estimated. Estimating the receiver skew margin available in a system helps ensure proper functionality of a LVDS link between the UT54LVDS217 Serializer and UT54LVDS218 Deserializer. Creation Date: June 20, 2011 Page 5 of 5 Modification Date:

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