B10 Candelabra Reference Design

CLD AP79 rev 0D
Application Note
Cree® XLamp® LED B10 Candelabra Reference Design
Table of contents
Introduction
Introduction....................................................................................1
The B10 lamp designation defines a variety of primarily
Design approach/objectives.........................................................2
decorative lamps. They are used in ornamental luminaires
The 6-step methodology................................................................3
such as chandeliers, sconces and pendants, in which the lamp
1. Define lighting requirements................................................3
is typically visible and contributes to the aesthetics of the
2. Define design goals..............................................................6
luminaire. Because the lamp shape is intended to resemble
3. Estimate efficiencies of the optical, thermal & electrical
a candle flame, B10 lamps are commonly called candelabra
systems.................................................................................6
4. Calculate the number of LEDS needed...............................9
5. Consider all design possibilities and choose the best.....12
6. Complete the final steps....................................................13
Conclusions..................................................................................18
www.cree.com/Xlamp
Special thanks..............................................................................18
lamps.
To date, B10 lamps based on a single LED have been unable
to match the light output of incandescents. Multi-LED
configurations complicate the overall system and packaging
design. Several vendors have developed multi-LED B10 lamps,
attempting to focus on features that mimic the appearance of
filament‑style bulbs. The focus on the aesthetics of these bulbs
has been at the expense of efficacy and light output. Testing
Reliance on any of the information provided in this Application Note is at the user’s sole risk. Cree and its affiliates make no warranties or representations about, nor assume
any liability with respect to, the information in this document or any LED-based lamp or luminaire made in accordance with this reference design, including without limitation
that the lamps or luminaires will not infringe the intellectual property rights of Cree or a third party. Luminaire manufacturers who base product designs in whole or part on
any Cree Application Note or Reference Design are solely responsible for the compliance of their products with all applicable laws and industry requirements.
Copyright © 2011-2016 Cree, Inc. All rights reserved. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Cree®, XLamp® and
EasyWhite® are registered trademarks and the Cree logo is a trademark of Cree, Inc. ENERGY STAR® is a registered trademark of the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency. Other trademarks, product, and company names are the property of their respective owners and do not imply specific product and/
or vendor endorsement, sponsorship or association. For product specifications, please see the data sheets available at www.cree.com. For warranty
information, please contact Cree Sales at [email protected]
Cree, Inc.
4600 Silicon Drive
Durham, NC 27703
USA Tel: +1.919.313.5300
1
XLamp ® B10 CANDELABRA Reference Design
of LED-based B10 lamps conducted by the Department of Energy (DOE) Commercially Available LED Product Evaluation and Reporting
(CALiPER) program showed inconsistent lamp performance and quality and instances of inflated performance claims.1
This application note details prototype B10 lamps based on three Cree XLamp® LED parts:
1) XLamp XM-L EasyWhite® (EZW) LED, a conventional LED with unique color consistency features
2) XLamp XM-L High Voltage White (HVW) LED, a high-voltage LED, capable of supporting high‑efficiency, high‑voltage device
drivers
3) XLamp XT-E HVW LED, another, smaller‑form high‑voltage LED.
The several designs we created allow for the evaluation of two distinct styles of lamp development: the first conventional in supporting
standard voltage LEDs, the second creating high-voltage designs that support smaller and more efficient device drivers.
Using the XM-L EZW LED enables a single LED component to deliver the performance and design simplicity needed for a 25 watt
equivalent B10 replacement lamp that conforms to ENERGY STAR® requirements and matches or exceeds the light characteristics of
existing incandescent lamps. Cree’s EasyWhite technology provides excellent LED-to-LED color consistency, reducing LED-to-LED color
variation to within a 2-step Mac Adam ellipse.
The XM-L HVW and XT-E HVW LEDs offer advantages in light output, efficacy and current. These high-‑oltage LEDs present an opportunity
to use drivers that are smaller and more efficient than drivers for lower voltage parts. In addition, high‑voltage LEDs can perform at
lower operating temperatures, thereby extending the lifetime of both the LED and the driver. We consider XLamp high‑voltage LEDs and
correspondingly more efficient drivers to be enabling technology for high efficacy, small form‑factor LED replacement lamps.
This design effort shows it is possible to create an XLamp LED-based B10 lamp delivers system efficacy comparable to the best largerformat LED replacement lamps.
Design approach/objectives
In the “LED Luminaire Design Guide”, Cree advocates a 6-step framework for creating LED luminaires. All Cree reference designs use this
framework, and the design guide’s summary table is reproduced below.
1
DOE Solid-State Lighting CALiPER Program, Summary of Results: Round 8 of Product Testing
DOE Solid-State Lighting CALiPER Program, Summary of Results: Round 9 of Product Testing
DOE Solid-State Lighting CALiPER Program, Summary of Results: Round 11 of Product Testing
Copyright © 2011-2016 Cree, Inc. All rights reserved. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Cree®, XLamp® and EasyWhite® are registered trademarks and the Cree logo is a
trademark of Cree, Inc. ENERGY STAR® is a registered trademark of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Other trademarks, product, and company names are the property of their respective owners and
do not imply specific product and/or vendor endorsement, sponsorship or association. For product specifications, please see the data sheets available at www.cree.com. For warranty information, please
contact Cree Sales at [email protected]
2
XLamp ® B10 CANDELABRA Reference Design
Table 1: Cree 6-step framework
Step
Explanation
1. Define lighting requirements
•
The design goals can be based either on an existing fixture or on the application’s lighting requirements.
2. Define design goals
•
•
Specify design goals, which will be based on the application’s lighting requirements.
Specify any other goals that will influence the design, such as special optical or environmental
requirements.
3. Estimate efficiencies of the optical, thermal &
electrical systems
•
•
•
Design goals will place constraints on the optical, thermal and electrical systems.
Good estimations of efficiencies of each system can be made based on these constraints.
The combination of lighting goals and system effiiciencies will drive the number of LEDs needed in the
luminaire.
4. Calculate the number of LEDs needed
•
Based on the design goals and estimated losses, the designer can calculate the number of LEDs to meet
the design goals.
5. Consider all design possibilities and choose the
best
•
•
With any design, there are many ways to achieve the goals.
LED lighting is a new field; assumptions that work for conventional lighting sources may not apply.
6. Complete final steps
•
•
•
•
•
Complete circuit board layout.
Test design choices by building a prototype luminaire.
Make sure the design achieves all the design goals.
Use the prototype to further refine the luminaire design.
Record observations and ideas for improvement.
The 6-step methodology
The goal of this design is to create XLamp LED-based B10 replacement lamps that deliver performance equivalent to 25- and 40-watt
incandescent B10 lamps and conform to ENERGY STAR requirements.
1. Define lighting requirements
Because B10 lamps are decorative, aesthetics is perhaps the most important design criterion. In addition, the light source and the
associated components must fit in the space-constrained B10 form factor. Although aesthetics is a subjective assessment, there are
specific metrics, listed in Table 2 below, that can quantify lamp performance.
Table 2: Design criteria
Importance
Critical
Important
Characteristics
Metric
Aesthetics
N/A
Form factor
N/A
Luminous flux
lumens (lm)
Luminance/illuminance
foot candles (fc)/lux
Electrical power
watts (W)
Price
$
Lifetime
hours
Correlated color temperature (CCT)
Kelvin
Color rendering index (CRI)
100-point scale
Manufacturability
$
Comply with ENERGY STAR
Has label
As shown in Figure 1, B10 lamps have a torpedo shape and are blunt or flame tipped. They typically have a candelabra (E12) or medium
(E26) base.
Copyright © 2011-2016 Cree, Inc. All rights reserved. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Cree®, XLamp® and EasyWhite® are registered trademarks and the Cree logo is a
trademark of Cree, Inc. ENERGY STAR® is a registered trademark of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Other trademarks, product, and company names are the property of their respective owners and
do not imply specific product and/or vendor endorsement, sponsorship or association. For product specifications, please see the data sheets available at www.cree.com. For warranty information, please
contact Cree Sales at [email protected]
3
Figure 1
XLamp ® B10 CANDELABRA Reference Design
Figure 1: Blunt (left) and flame-tipped (right) B10 lamp shapes
There are many incandescent B10 lamps on the market today. They typically operate at low wattages and produce warm light. Like all
incandescent lamps, they are energy inefficient and have a relatively short lifetime. A number of CFL B10 lamps are also available. They
offer energy savings and longer life than incandescents, but are not able to achieve the higher levels of efficacy found in linear fluorescent
bulbs.
Cree measured the photometric and electrical performance of one incandescent and three comparison CFL B10 lamps.2 Table 3 presents
a summary of the data.
Table 3: Comparison B10 lamp test results
Characteristic
Luminous flux
Efficacy
Unit
Incandescent
CFL 1
CFL 2
CFL 3
lm
198.8
172
145
154
lm/W
8.0
33.1
27.0
29.1
Input power
W
25
5.20
5.25
5.28
CCT
K
2538
2701
2683
2718
99.7
82
83
82
0.56
0.55
0.56
CRI
Power factor
The CFL lamps are more efficient than the incandescent but do not match the incandescent lamp’s CRI. All the lamps produce warm
white light. The goal of this design is to mimic the color performance and light output of an incandescent lamp while providing energy,
and therefore cost, savings.
Cree measured an incandescent B10 lamp and a CFL B10 lamp to obtain polar candela distribution graphs, shown in Figure 2, to serve as
baselines for the XLamp LED B10 lamps.3
2
3
Photometric performance was measured in a 2-meter integrating sphere. Electrical performance was measured using an AC power analyzer. Measurements were taken at
the Cree facility in Durham, NC.
Measurements were taken using a type A goniophotometer at the Cree facility in Durham, NC.
Copyright © 2011-2016 Cree, Inc. All rights reserved. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Cree®, XLamp® and EasyWhite® are registered trademarks and the Cree logo is a
trademark of Cree, Inc. ENERGY STAR® is a registered trademark of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Other trademarks, product, and company names are the property of their respective owners and
do not imply specific product and/or vendor endorsement, sponsorship or association. For product specifications, please see the data sheets available at www.cree.com. For warranty information, please
contact Cree Sales at [email protected]
4
XLamp ® B10 CANDELABRA Reference Design
2
/lamp: 204.0077
°, Vertical: 5°
Filename: IKEA CFL B10
Manufacturer: Cree
Luminaire: IKEA CFL B10
Lamp Output: 1 lamp(s), rated Lumens/lamp: 157.1551
Max Candela: 24.3 at Horizontal: 22.5°, Vertical: 90°
Input Wattage: 5.2
Luminous Opening: Point
Test: 1,841
Test Lab: Cree
Photometry : Type C
CIE Class: Semi-Direct
T
Roadway
Summary
Figure 2: Polar candela distribution for B10 incandescent
(left) and CFL (right) B10 lamps
Flood
Summary
Flood Summary
Cutoff Classification:
NONCUTOFF
Horizontal
Vertical
Horizontal
Vertical
Efficiency Lumens
Efficiency Lumens
The following tables summarize
an LED-based
for the ENERGY
Distribution: requirements
Unclassified,
Spread
Unclassified
Spread B10 replacement lamp must meet to be eligible
Spreadto qualify
Spread
.5
Field
Max(10%):
Cd, 90 Deg
99.6%
Vert: 203.2
STAR program.
.8
Beam
Max Cd,
(50%):
80 to <90
93.6%
Deg: 190.9
FF
24.3 315
Field (10%): 99.2%
155.9
n/a
345.1
4
19.1201.3
Beam (50%): 78.7%
123.6
n/a
97.2
Total: 100%
32.8%
Table 4: General ENERGY STAR requirements
157.2
4
The ENERGY STAR
requirements
all lamps:
Lumens
% Lamp
Total:
100% for
204.0
%
%
n/a
Downward Street Side:
51.5
Downward
48.2
30.6%
Lumens
PerHouse
ZoneSide:
Requirements
Downward
99.6 Lumens 63.4%
Zone Lumens
% Total:
Total Zone
% Total
Lumens Per Zone
%
Characteristic
%
Upward Street Side:chromaticity
31.0
19.7%
Duv tolerances listed below.
0-5
0.4
0.2% 90-95 quadrangles
10.0 and
4.9%
0-5
0.2
0.2%
Upward House Side:
26.5
16.9%
5-10
1.1
0.5% 95-100
9.9 4.8%
5-10
0.7
0.5%
Nominal
CCT
Target CCT (K) and Tolerance
Upward Total:
57.5
36.6%
CCT and Duv
10-15
2.0
1.0% 100-105
9.8 4.8%
10-15
1.3
0.8%
2700
K
2725 ± 145
Total
157.1
100%
15-20
2.9 Lumens:
1.4% 105-110
9.6
15-20 3045 1.8
3000 K4.7%
± 175 1.2%
3500 K
3465 ± 245
20-25
3.7
1.8% 110-115
9.2
4.5%
20-25 3985 2.4
4000 K
± 275 1.6%
%
%
%
Zone Lumens % Total Zone
Lumens % Total
Lamp must have one of the following designated CCTs (per ANSI/NEMA/ANSLG C78.377-2008) consistent with the 7-step
90-95
8.6
5.5%
95-100
8.0
5.1%
7.3
4.7%
100-105
Target Duv and Tolerance
105-110
110-115
Dimming
Warranty
0.006
4.2%
0.006
0.006
3.7%
0.006
25-30 Lumen
4.2 Summary
2.1%The115-120
8.4 4.1%
3.2 hours)
2.0%
115-120
5.0
3.2%
change in chromaticity over the minimum lumen25-30
test period (6000
shall be
within 0.007 on
the CIE
(u’, v’) diagram.
30-35
4.8 %2.3%
120-125
7.7
3.8%
30-35
3.9
2.5%
120-125
4.2
2.7%
Zone Lumens
Luminaire
Minimum CRI (RA) of 80. In addition, the R9 value must be greater than 0.
Zonal
Color maintenance
CRI
0.000 ±
6.6 ±
0.000
0.000 ±
5.8 ±
0.001
35-40
0-30
40-45
0-40
5.4
9.7
6.0
18.4
2.6%Lamps
125-130
6.9 3.4%
4.8clearly
3.0%
3.5is dimmable
2.2% or not
6.2%
may be dimmable or non-dimmable. Product35-40
packaging must
indicate125-130
whether the lamp
dimmable.
2.9%
130-135
5.8 2.9%
40-45
5.6
3.6% 130-135
2.7 1.7%
11.7%
45-50
0-60
50-55
60-90
6.6
45.6
7.3
54.0
warranty
must be5.0
provided
for lamps, covering material
replacement
minimum of three
from the date of
3.2%A29%
135-140
2.5%
45-50repair or6.4
4.1%for a135-140
2.0(3) years
1.3%
Allowable lamp bases
55-60
70-100
60-65
Power factor
90-120
8.1
53.0
8.8
41.4
purchase.
3.6%
140-145
4.2 2.1%
34.4%
Must be a lamp base listed by ANSI.
4.0%
145-150
3.4 1.7%
33.7%
50-55
7.2
4.6% 140-145
1.4
0.9%
55-60
8.0
5.1% 145-150
0.9 0.6%
For lamp power < 5 W and for low-voltage lamps, no minimum power factor is required.
4.3%
1.2%
8.6
5.5% 150-155
0.6 0.4%
For150-155
lamp power > 5 2.5
W, power
factor must be > 0.70. 60-65
26.3%
Note: Power factor must be measured at rated voltage.
65-70
9.4
4.6%
155-160
1.3
0.6%
65-70
9.1
5.8%
155-160
0.4 0.2%
0-90
99.6
63.4%
Minimum operating temperature
Integral lamp shall have a minimum operating temperature of 20 °C or below.
70-75
9.5
4.6%
160-165
0.5
0.2%
70-75
9.3
5.9% 160-165
0.2 0.1%
90-180
57.5
36.6%
≥ 120 Hz
75-80
9.5
4.7%100%
165-170
0.2 0.1%
75-80
9.1
5.8%
165-170
0.1 0.1%
0-180
157.2
LED operating frequency
Note: This performance characteristic addresses problems with visible flicker due to low-frequency operation and applies to steadyas well as dimmed
80-85
9.8
4.8%state
170-175
0.1 operation.
0.1%
80-85
9.1
5.8% 170-175
0.1
0%
Operating voltage
85-90
4
10.1
shall operate 0.0
at rated nominal
240 or 277 VAC
or 24 VAC
or VDC.
4.9%Lamp
175-180
0% voltage of 120, 85-90
9.0or at 12
5.7%
175-180
0.0
0%
ENERGY STAR Program Requirements for Integral LED Lamps Eligibility Criteria - Version 1.4, Table 4
Copyright © 2011-2016 Cree, Inc. All rights reserved. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Cree®, XLamp® and EasyWhite® are registered trademarks and the Cree logo is a
trademark of Cree, Inc. ENERGY STAR® is a registered trademark of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Other trademarks, product, and company names are the property of their respective owners and
do not imply specific product and/or vendor endorsement, sponsorship or association. For product specifications, please see the data sheets available at www.cree.com. For warranty information, please
contact Cree Sales at [email protected]
5
XLamp ® B10 CANDELABRA Reference Design
The ENERGY STAR requirements for B10 lamps:5
Table 5: ENERGY STAR requirements for B10 lamps
Characteristic
Requirement
Minimum luminous efficacy
40 lm/W
Lamp shall have minimum light output (total luminous flux) at least corresponding to the target wattage of the lamp to
be replaced, as shown below.
Minimum light output
Nominal wattage of lamp to be replaced (watts):
Minimum initial light output of LED lamp (lumens):
25
40
60
150
300
500
Maximum lamp diameter
Not to exceed target lamp diameter.
Lumen maintenance
> 70% lumen maintenance (L70) at 15,000 hours of operation.
Rapid-cycle stress test
Cycle times must be 2 minutes on, 2 minutes off. Lamp will be cycled once for every 2 hours of L70 life.
2. Define design goals
The design goals for this project:
Table 6: Design goals
Characteristic
Unit
Minimum Goal
Target Goal
Light output
Lm
150 for 25‑W lamp
300 for 40‑W lamp
220 for 25‑W lamp
330 for 40‑W lamp
Illuminance profile
Lux
Better than incandescent
Better than incandescent
W
< 25
4
Hours
25,000
50,000
K
2600
2700
80
85
30
40
Power
Lifetime
CCT
CRI
Maximum ambient temperature
°C
3. Estimate efficiencies of the optical, thermal & electrical systems
Thermal Requirements
An XLamp LED operating at 4-5 watts of power, at steady state temperature, needs a heat sink to dissipate the thermal load. In this
design, the heat sink must not only dissipate the heat generated by the LED, but also provide a mechanical frame for the LED, optic, driver
and base and fit into the B10 standard enclosure. The small size of the B10 form factor limits the choices for a heat sink and makes it a
challenge to fit the heat sink into the available space. After testing several designs, Cree chose an off-the-shelf heat sink from Cooliance
for this B10 design.6 The heat sink is black anodized aluminum with cooling pins.
5
6
Ibid., Table 7B
Model CML32301-30-3-101
Copyright © 2011-2016 Cree, Inc. All rights reserved. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Cree®, XLamp® and EasyWhite® are registered trademarks and the Cree logo is a
trademark of Cree, Inc. ENERGY STAR® is a registered trademark of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Other trademarks, product, and company names are the property of their respective owners and
do not imply specific product and/or vendor endorsement, sponsorship or association. For product specifications, please see the data sheets available at www.cree.com. For warranty information, please
contact Cree Sales at [email protected]
6
XLamp ® B10 CANDELABRA Reference Design
Figure 4
Figure 3: Anodized aluminum heat sink
As shown in Figure 4, to make space for the driver, we removed pins from the heat sink,
leaving the two outer rings of pins and creating a cavity in which to mount the driver.
A STEP file for the heat sink is available.
Figure 5
Figure 4: Heat sink with pins removed
Figure 6
Cree performed thermal simulations to verify the effectiveness of this design.7 Figure 5 shows the temperature distribution between
the junction and the heat sink. The peak temperature on the scale occurs at the junction of the LED. Figure 6 shows the temperature
distribution between the printed circuit board (PCB) and the heat sink.
Figure 5: Junction-to-heat-sink temperature distribution
7
Figure 6: Board-to-heat-sink temperature distribution
Cree used Cfdesign Spring,-2011 release.
Copyright © 2011-2016 Cree, Inc. All rights reserved. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Cree®, XLamp® and EasyWhite® are registered trademarks and the Cree logo is a
trademark of Cree, Inc. ENERGY STAR® is a registered trademark of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Other trademarks, product, and company names are the property of their respective owners and
do not imply specific product and/or vendor endorsement, sponsorship or association. For product specifications, please see the data sheets available at www.cree.com. For warranty information, please
contact Cree Sales at [email protected]
7
Figure 7
XLamp ® B10 CANDELABRA Reference Design
Figure 7 is a thermal simulation showing a cross section of the lamp at steady state in a 25 °C ambient operating environment. The solder
point temperature (TSP) in the simulation is 79 °C.
Figure 7: Thermal simulation
Table 7 shows the thermal resistance and calculated junction temperature (TJ) for the XLamp LED B10 lamps.
Table 7: Thermal simulation data
Lamp
TSP
Power
Thermal Resistance
TJ
XM-L EZW B10
79 °C
4W
2.5 °C/W
89 °C
XM-L HVW B10
79 °C
4W
3.5 °C/W
93 °C
XT-E HVW B10
79 °C
4W
6.5 °C/W
92 °C
Drive Electronics
Fitting a driver into the constrained space within the B10 form factor is also a design challenge. Moreover, in this design, the driver must
fit into the cavity created in the heat sink. For the XM-L EZW lamp, Cree chose a CE/UL certified constant current driver from Wayjun
Technology that provides efficiency of 80% and a power factor of 0.53.
For the XM-L HVW lamp, Power Integrations developed a non-isolated buck boost LED driver that provides efficiency of 86% and a power
factor of 0.97.
For the XT-E HVW lamp, Cree chose a constant current driver from iWatt that provides efficiency of 86% and a power factor of 0.55.
Copyright © 2011-2016 Cree, Inc. All rights reserved. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Cree®, XLamp® and EasyWhite® are registered trademarks and the Cree logo is a
trademark of Cree, Inc. ENERGY STAR® is a registered trademark of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Other trademarks, product, and company names are the property of their respective owners and
do not imply specific product and/or vendor endorsement, sponsorship or association. For product specifications, please see the data sheets available at www.cree.com. For warranty information, please
contact Cree Sales at [email protected]
8
XLamp ® B10 CANDELABRA Reference Design
Figure 8: Views of B10 lamp drivers
Secondary and Tertiary Optics
The design uses a white Khatod diffuser lens to diffuse the light from the LED and produce the omnidirectional light output desired of a
B10 lamp.8 The white lens obscures the single light source and produces a uniform light pattern.
An existing standard glass lamp case was used to enclose the lamp components.
Figure 9: Khatod diffuser lens and lamp glass enclosure
4. Calculate the number of LEDS needed
Figures 10 and 11 show basic LED electrical data and optical output from Cree’s Product Characterization Tool (PCT). The lumen target
is 200 lumens and the optical and electrical efficiencies are both 80%.
8
Khatod Optoelectronics PLJT20 series
Copyright © 2011-2016 Cree, Inc. All rights reserved. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Cree®, XLamp® and EasyWhite® are registered trademarks and the Cree logo is a
trademark of Cree, Inc. ENERGY STAR® is a registered trademark of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Other trademarks, product, and company names are the property of their respective owners and
do not imply specific product and/or vendor endorsement, sponsorship or association. For product specifications, please see the data sheets available at www.cree.com. For warranty information, please
contact Cree Sales at [email protected]
9
XLamp ® B10 CANDELABRA Reference Design
LED System Comparison Report
1
System:
200
Target Lumens :
Current (A)
LED 1
Model
Flux
T6 [280]
Electrical Efficiency
LED 2
Model
Cree XLamp XM-L 6V {EZW}
$
Price
SYS # LED LED lm/W
80%
Optical Efficiency:
Tsp (ºC)
LED Vf
79
SYS lm tot
Flux
Model
Cree XLamp XM-L 12V {EZW}
T6 [280]
$
Price
SYS # LED LED lm/W
Tsp (ºC)
79
Flux
Price
LED Vf
(none)
$
SYS lm tot
Current (A)
0.100
6
90.6
5.26
230.4
3
84.8
10.71
217.7
#N/A
#N/A
0.150
4
87
5.31
222.7
2
80.2
10.9
210.5
#N/A
#N/A
0.200
3
84.8
5.36
217.7
2
76.8
11.08
272.9
#N/A
#N/A
0.250
3
82.5
5.41
267.2
2
73.9
11.25
332.3
#N/A
#N/A
0.300
2
80.2
5.45
210.5
2
71
11.4
388.7
#N/A
#N/A
0.350
2
78.8
5.5
242
1
68.4
11.55
221.1
#N/A
#N/A
0.400
2
76.8
5.54
272.9
1
65.9
11.68
246.4
#N/A
#N/A
0.450
2
75.4
5.58
302.9
1
63.6
11.81
270.2
#N/A
#N/A
0.500
2
73.9
5.62
332.3
1
61.4
11.92
292.7
#N/A
#N/A
0.550
2
72.3
5.66
360.9
1
59.3
12.03
313.7
#N/A
#N/A
0.600
2
71
5.7
388.7
1
57.3
12.12
333.3
#N/A
#N/A
0.650
1
69.7
5.74
207.9
1
55.4
12.2
351.5
#N/A
#N/A
0.700
1
68.4
5.77
221.1
1
53.6
12.27
368.4
#N/A
#N/A
0.750
1
67.1
5.81
234
1
51.9
12.33
384
#N/A
#N/A
0.800
1
65.9
5.84
246.4
1
50.2
12.39
398.3
#N/A
#N/A
0.850
1
64.7
5.87
258.5
1
48.7
12.43
411.2
#N/A
#N/A
0.900
1
63.6
5.9
270.2
1
47.2
12.46
422.9
#N/A
#N/A
0.950
1
62.4
5.93
281.6
1
45.7
12.48
433.4
#N/A
#N/A
1.000
1
61.4
5.96
292.7
1
44.3
12.49
442.6
#N/A
#N/A
1.100
1
59.3
6.01
313.7
#N/A System
#N/A Comparison
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
LED
Report
1.200
1
57.3
6.06
333.3
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
Figure 10: Cree PCT data For XM-L EZW LED
1 1
1.300
55.4
6.1
351.5
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
System:
Target
Lumens53.6
:
200
Optical
80%
Electrical
1.400
1
6.14
368.4
#N/A Efficiency:
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A Efficiency:
#N/A
1.500
1
51.9
6.17
384
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
LED 1
LED 2
1.600
1 Model Cree
50.2XLamp XM-L6.19
398.3
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
{HVW}
Cree XLamp XT-E {HVW}
(none)
Model
Model
1.700
1
48.7
6.21
411.2
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
S6 [182]
79
P3 [73.9]
79
Flux
Tsp (ºC)
Flux
Tsp (ºC)
Flux
1.800
1
47.2
6.23
422.9
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
$45.7
$#N/A $#N/A
Price
Price
1.900
1 Price
6.24
433.4
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
SYS
LED Vf
SYS
lm tot
SYS
LED Vf
SYS
2.000
1 # LED LED
44.3 lm/W 6.24
442.6
#N/A# LED LED
#N/Alm/W #N/A
#N/Alm tot
#N/A
#N/A
0.020
3
102.9
44.2
217.3
4
74.7
45.67
217.4
#N/A
#N/A
This document2 is provided for 96.2
informational purposes
is not a warranty or a 3
specification. For68.1
product specifications,
the data sheets available
0.030
44.97 only and207.8
47.15 please see
230.4
#N/Aat www.cree.com.
#N/A
Copyright © 2009-2011 Cree, Inc. All rights reserved. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Cree, the Cree logo and XLamp are registered trademarks
0.040
2
91.3
45.69
267.4
3
62.4
48.44
290.5
#N/A
#N/A
0.050
2
87.2
46.35
323.8
2
57.7
49.56
229
#N/A
#N/A
0.060
2
83.5
46.96
376.9
2
53.6
50.5
259.6
#N/A
#N/A
0.070
1
80.1
47.5
213.4
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
0.080
1
77
48
236.7
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
0.090
1
74.1
48.44
258.4
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
0.100
1
71.4
48.82
278.6
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
0.110
1
68.7
49.15
297.2
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
0.120
1
66.3
49.42
314.3
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
0.130
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
Cree PCT data
and XT-E HVW
0.140
#N/A
#N/AFigure 11:
#N/A
#N/AFor XM-L HVW
#N/A
#N/ALEDs
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
0.150
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
Figure 12 shows
basic LED
electrical#N/A
data and optical
from Cree’s PCT#N/A
for one XT-E
HVW LED.#N/A
The lumen#N/A
target is 150 lumens
0.160
#N/A
#N/A output#N/A
#N/A
#N/A and #N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
the optical and0.170
electrical#N/A
efficiencies#N/A
are both 80%.
0.180
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
0.190
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
0.200
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
0.210
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
0.220
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
Copyright © 2011-2016 Cree, Inc. All rights reserved. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Cree®, XLamp® and EasyWhite® are registered trademarks and the Cree logo is a
®
0.230
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
trademark of Cree, Inc. ENERGY STAR is a registered trademark of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Other trademarks, product, and company names are the property of their respective owners and
do not imply specific 0.240
product and/or #N/A
vendor endorsement,
sponsorship #N/A
or association. For
product specifications,#N/A
please see the data
sheets available
at www.cree.com.
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/AFor warranty information,
#N/Aplease #N/A
contact Cree Sales at [email protected]
10
0.250
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
0.260
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
XLamp ® B10 CANDELABRA Reference Design
LED System Comparison Report
1
System:
150
Target Lumens :
80%
Optical Efficiency:
Current (A)
LED 1
Model
Flux
LED 2
Model
Cree XLamp XT-E {HVW} prelim
Q2 [87.4]
Tj (ºC)
(none)
Flux
79
$
Price
SYS # LED LED lm/W
Price
Tj (ºC)
$
25
-
LED Vf
SYS lm tot
0.020
3
90.6
45.21
195.8
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
0.030
2
82.8
46.68
185.5
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
0.040
2
76.4
47.92
234.7
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
0.050
2
70.9
48.93
278.1
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
0.060
1
66.2
49.72
157.9
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
0.070
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
Figure 12: Cree PCT for XT-E HVW LED
0.080
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
0.090
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
The XM-L EZW and XM-L HVW lamps use one LED. We made XT-E HVW lamps using one and two LEDs.
0.100
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
0.110
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
In addition to industry-leading efficacy, the XM-L EZW LED also provides the color consistency of an incandescent lamp without
0.120
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
complicated color mixing. We chose to work
12-V standard
highlighted #N/A
in yellow in #N/A
0.130 with the
#N/A
#N/A CRI, order
#N/Acode XMLEZW-00-0000-0D0T627F,
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
0.140CCT to#N/A
#N/A lamp.#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A than the
#N/A
Figure 13 below, to give the closest possible
an incandescent
The 12-V LED
can operate at
a lower current
6-V LED, #N/A
0.150
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
enabling the use of a smaller, more‑efficient driver.
0.160
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
0.170
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
0.180
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
Base Order Codes
0.190
#N/A
#N/AOrder Code
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A4-Step Order
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
Min. Luminous Flux @
700
2-Step
Code
CCT
mA, 85° C 0.200
Color
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
Range
Chromaticity
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A Chromaticity
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
Group
Flux 0.210
(lm)
Region
Region
0.220
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
U4
340
XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00U440H
0.230
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00U440F
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
0.240
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
4000 K
U3
320
40H
XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00U340H
40F
XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00U340F
0.250
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
U2
300
XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00U240H
XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00U240F
0.260
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
U3
320
XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00U335H
0.270
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00U335F
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
0.280
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
3500 K
U2
300
35H
XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00U235H
35F
XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00U235F
0.300
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
T6
280
XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00T635H
0.350
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00T635F
#N/A
#N/A
#N/A
U3
Standard CRI
EasyWhite
3000 K
2700 K
320
XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00U330H
XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00U330F
U2
This document is provided for informational purposes only and is not a warranty or a specification. For product specifications, please see the data sh
300
Copyright © 2009-2011 Cree, Inc.XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00U230H
All rights reserved. The information in this document is subjectXMLEZW-00-0000-0B00U230F
to change without notice. Cree, the Cree logo and
T6
280
T5
260
XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00T530H
XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00T530F
U2
300
XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00U227H
XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00U227F
T6
280
T5
260
T4
240
30H
27H
XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00T630H
XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00T627H
XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00T527H
XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00T427H
30F
27F
XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00T630F
XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00T627F
XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00T527F
XMLEZW-00-0000-0B00T427F
Figure 13: XM-L EZW LED binning data
For the XM-L HVW lamp, we chose to work with order code XML-HVW-Q0-0000-0000LSSE7, highlighted in yellow in Figure 14, to closely
match an incandescent lamp’s CCT.
Copyright © 2011-2016 Cree, Inc. All rights reserved. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Cree®, XLamp® and EasyWhite® are registered trademarks and the Cree logo is a
trademark of Cree, Inc. ENERGY STAR® is a registered trademark of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Other trademarks, product, and company names are the property of their respective owners and
do not imply specific product and/or vendor endorsement, sponsorship or association. For product specifications, please see the data sheets available at www.cree.com. For warranty information, please
contact Cree Sales at [email protected]
11
XLamp ® B10 CANDELABRA Reference Design
CCT Range
Color
Min.
Max.
Cool White
5,000 K
8,300 K
Neutral White
3,700 K
5,000 K
Warm White
2,600 K
3,700 K
Base Order Codes
Min Luminous Flux @ 44
mA (lm)
Order Code
Group
Flux (lm)
T3
220
XMLHVW-Q0-0000-0000LT351
T4
240
XMLHVW-Q0-0000-0000LT451
S6
182
XMLHVW-Q0-0000-0000LS6E5
T2
200
XMLHVW-Q0-0000-0000LT2E5
S5
172
XMLHVW-Q0-0000-0000LS5E7
S6
182
XMLHVW-Q0-0000-0000LS6E7
Figure 14: XM-L HVW LED binning data
Similarly, for the XT-E HVW lamp, we chose order code XTEHVW-Q0-0000-00000L9E7, highlighted in yellow in Figure 15, to closely match
an incandescent lamp’s CCT.
Base Order Codes
Min Luminous Flux @ 22
mA (lm)
CCT Range
Color
Min.
Max.
Cool White
5,000 K
8,300 K
Neutral White
3,700 K
5,000 K
Warm White
2,600 K
3,700 K
Order Code
Group
Flux (lm)
Q5
107
XTEHVW-Q0-0000-00000LD51
R2
114
XTEHVW-Q0-0000-00000LE51
Q2
87.4
XTEHVW-Q0-0000-00000LAE5
Q3
93.9
XTEHVW-Q0-0000-00000LBE5
P4
80.6
XTEHVW-Q0-0000-00000L9E7
Q2
87.4
XTEHVW-Q0-0000-00000LAE7
Figure 15: XT-E HVW binning data
The purpose of this design is to demonstrate that single high‑power LEDs such as the XLamp XM-L LED can deliver equivalent lighting
and substantially greater efficacy than 25‑W incandescent B10 lamps currently available.
5. Consider all design possibilities and choose the best
Optical Efficiency
Producing omnidirectional light output from a B10 lamp using a directional XLamp LED presents a design challenge. To meet that
challenge and minimize light loss within the lamp we mounted the LED and the secondary optic 1 inch (2.5 cm) above the base of the
heat sink on an aluminum spacer. As shown in Figures 16 and 17, this design allows light that would otherwise be reflected upward to
exit the lamp downward and increases the amount of light in the >90° beam angle. This results in a lamp that can closely approximate the
light pattern of an incandescent B10 lamp.
Copyright © 2011-2016 Cree, Inc. All rights reserved. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Cree®, XLamp® and EasyWhite® are registered trademarks and the Cree logo is a
trademark of Cree, Inc. ENERGY STAR® is a registered trademark of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Other trademarks, product, and company names are the property of their respective owners and
do not imply specific product and/or vendor endorsement, sponsorship or association. For product specifications, please see the data sheets available at www.cree.com. For warranty information, please
contact Cree Sales at [email protected]
12
XLamp ® B10 CANDELABRA Reference Design
Figure 16: LED and optic
mounted on heat sink
Figure 17: LED and optic
|mounted on spacer above heat sink
The solid-aluminum spacer not only improves optical efficiency but also provides a thermal path to the heat sink, which in turn dissipates
heat.
6. Complete the final steps
This section describes the steps Cree followed to create a prototype B10 lamp using the Cree XLamp XM-L EZW, XM-L HVW and XT-E
HVW LEDs and reviews the photometric, electrical and thermal results.
Prototyping Details
The essence of this prototyping design is to assemble the XLamp LED onto a metal-core printed circuit board (MCPCB), mount this PCB
onto a spacer attached to a heat sink and assemble these components with the necessary secondary optics and driver to create an LEDbased lamp. The prototyping steps are detailed below.
1. We verified the component dimensions to insure a correct fit.
2. We soldered the driver input wires to the E12 base power connection.
3. We wrapped the driver in Kapton silicon adhesive tape to isolate the driver from the heat
sink and provide thermal protection.
Copyright © 2011-2016 Cree, Inc. All rights reserved. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Cree®, XLamp® and EasyWhite® are registered trademarks and the Cree logo is a
trademark of Cree, Inc. ENERGY STAR® is a registered trademark of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Other trademarks, product, and company names are the property of their respective owners and
do not imply specific product and/or vendor endorsement, sponsorship or association. For product specifications, please see the data sheets available at www.cree.com. For warranty information, please
contact Cree Sales at [email protected]
13
XLamp ® B10 CANDELABRA Reference Design
4. Following the recommendations for the XLamp XM family LEDs, we reflow soldered the
LEDs onto the MCPCB with an appropriate solder paste and reflow profile.
5. We cleaned the flux residue with isopropyl alcohol.
6. We attached the 1-inch aluminum spacer to the heat sink using Arctic Silver thermal epoxy.
7. We drilled two thru-holes in the base of the heat sink on its diameter to permit the driver
output wires to be connected to the MCPCB.
8. We inserted the driver into the heat sink, fed the DC output wires through the thru-holes and
soldered them to the corresponding terminal pads on the MCPCB.
9. We fastened the optic to the MCPCB by heating the pegs of the optic and wrapping them
under the MCPCB.
10. We applied a thin layer of thermal conductive compound to the back of MCPCB and
secured it to the aluminum spacer.
Copyright © 2011-2016 Cree, Inc. All rights reserved. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Cree®, XLamp® and EasyWhite® are registered trademarks and the Cree logo is a
trademark of Cree, Inc. ENERGY STAR® is a registered trademark of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Other trademarks, product, and company names are the property of their respective owners and
do not imply specific product and/or vendor endorsement, sponsorship or association. For product specifications, please see the data sheets available at www.cree.com. For warranty information, please
contact Cree Sales at [email protected]
14
XLamp ® B10 CANDELABRA Reference Design
11. We fastened the lamp case to the heat sink with Kwik Plastic epoxy.
12. We attached the base to the heat sink with Kwik Plastic epoxy.
13. We performed final testing.
Results
Measured Tsp
Table 8 shows the measured solder point temperatures and calculated junction temperatures for the XLamp LED B10 lamps. These
results closely match the temperature simulation and show that the heat sink is sufficient to dissipate the heat generated.
Table 8: System temperature data
Lamp
TSP
Current
Voltage
TJ
XM-L EZW B10
79 °C
340 mA
11.6 V
87 °C
XM-L HVW B10
87 °C
92.3 mA
48.8 V
110 °C
XT-E HVW B10
92 °C
43.8 mA
95.7 V
117 °C
Photometric Results
Table 9 shows the photometric and electrical results for the XLamp LED B10 lamps at steady state (after 30 minutes, powered). The
lamps demonstrate luminous flux and CCT comparable to an incandescent lamp with much higher efficacy at 80% less power. The XM-L
HVW lamp nearly achieves the ENERGY STAR light output requirement for a 40‑W B10 lamp.
Copyright © 2011-2016 Cree, Inc. All rights reserved. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Cree®, XLamp® and EasyWhite® are registered trademarks and the Cree logo is a
trademark of Cree, Inc. ENERGY STAR® is a registered trademark of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Other trademarks, product, and company names are the property of their respective owners and
do not imply specific product and/or vendor endorsement, sponsorship or association. For product specifications, please see the data sheets available at www.cree.com. For warranty information, please
contact Cree Sales at [email protected]
15
XLamp ® B10 CANDELABRA Reference Design
Table 9: XM-L EZW B10 lamp photometric results
Characteristic
Unit
XM-L EZW
XM-L HVW
XT-E HVW
(1 LED)
XT-E HVW
(2 LEDs)
Luminous flux
lm
204
292
150
235
lm/W
50
57
49
48
Input power
Efficacy
W
4.1
5.2
3.3
4.9
CCT
K
2696
3107
3021
3101
CRI
80.2
81.9
81.8
82.8
Power factor
0.52
0.97
0.56
0.55
The XM-L EZW prototype B10 lamp was measured to obtain a polar candela distribution, shown in Figure 18.9 This omnidirectional
distribution is in close comparison to the distributions of example incandescent and CFL lamps. Because they were constructed in the
same way as the XM-L EZW lamp, Cree expects the XM-L HVW and XT-E HVW lamps’ polar candela distributions to be similar to that of
the XM-L EZW lamp.
ename: B10 LED Prototype
facturer: Cree
minaire: B10 LED Prototype
Output: 1 lamp(s), rated Lumens/lamp: 206.2059
Candela: 36.7 at Horizontal: 45°, Vertical: 62.5°
Wattage: 4.1
Opening: Point
Test: 1,842
est Lab: Cree
ometry : Type C
IE Class: Semi-Direct
Figure 18: Polar candela distribution for XM-L EZW B10 lamp
Summary
Flood Summary
assification:
NONCUTOFF
Distribution:
TYPE IV, SHORT
90 Deg Vert:
16.5
Field (10%): 99.1%
204.4
n/a
244
19.6
Beam (50%): 68.5%
141.3
168
158.7
Total:
206.2
Horizontal
Spread
Vertical
Spread
Efficiency
Lumens to that of incandescent and CFL examples.
Table 10 shows the light distribution of the XM-L EZW B10
lamp compared
to <90 Deg:
Lumens % Lamp
Street Side:
79.4
38.5%
House Side:
74.9
36.3%
nward Total:
154.3
74.8%
Street Side:
28.0
13.6%
House Side:
24.0
11.6%
pward Total:
51.9
25.2%
tal Lumens:
206.2
100%
100%
Lumens Per Zone
Zone Lumens % Total Zone
Lumens % Total
0-5
0.8
0.4% 90-95
7.6
3.7%
5-10
2.3
1.1% 95-100
6.9
3.3%
10-15
3.8
1.8% 100-105
6.0
2.9%
15-20
5.2
2.5% 105-110
5.3
2.6%
2.3%
20-25
6.6
3.2% 110-115
4.7
en Summary
25-30
7.9
3.8% 115-120
4.2
2%
ens % Luminaire
30-35
9.0
4.4% 120-125
3.7
1.8%
45-50
11.5
5.6% 135-140
2.2
1.1%
9
Measurements were taken using a type A goniophotometer at the Cree facility in Durham, NC.
5.7
Copyright © 2011-2016 Cree, Inc. All rights reserved. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Cree®, XLamp® and EasyWhite® are registered trademarks and the Cree logo is a
10.1
4.9%
3.1 product,
1.5% and company names are the property of their respective owners and
trademark
of the U.S. Environmental
Protection125-130
Agency. Other trademarks,
12.9% of Cree, Inc. ENERGY STAR® is a registered trademark35-40
do not imply specific product and/or vendor endorsement, sponsorship or association. For product specifications, please see the data sheets available at www.cree.com. For warranty information, please
40-45
10.9
5.3% 130-135
2.6 1.3%
22.1%Cree Sales at [email protected]
contact
16
1.7
44.5%
6.6
XLamp ® B10 CANDELABRA Reference Design
Table 10: Zonal lumen summary
Incandescent
Zone
CFL
XM-L EZW
Lumens
%
Lumens
%
Lumens
%
0-30
14.3
7%
9.7
6.2%
26.6
12.9%
0-40
24.4
12%
18.4
11.7%
45.7
22.1%
0-60
52.3
25.7%
45.6
29%
91.7
44.5%
60-90
57.1
28%
54.0
34.4%
62.5
30.3%
70-100
58.7
28.8%
53.0
33.7%
53.3
25.8%
90-120
56.9
27.9%
41.4
26.3%
34.8
16.9%
0-90
109.4
53.6%
99.6
63.4%
154.3
74.8%
90-180
94.6
46.4%
57.5
36.6%
51.9
25.2%
Tables 11 and 12 show the illuminance of the XM-L EZW B10 lamp at various distances compared to that of incandescent and CFL
examples.
Table 11: Center beam comparison
Distance
Incandescent
CFL
XM-L EZW
1.7 ft
0.5 m
6.42 fc
69.1 lux
3.68 fc
39.6 lux
12.27 fc
132.1 lux
3.3 ft
1.0 m
1.61 fc
17.3 lux
0.92 fc
9.9 lux
3.07 fc
33.0 lux
5.0 ft
1.5 m
0.71 fc
7.6 lux
0.41 fc
4.4 lux
1.36 fc
14.6 lux
6.7 ft
2.0 m
0.40 fc
4.3 lux
0.23 fc
2.5 lux
0.77 fc
8.3 lux
8.3 ft
2.5 m
0.26 fc
2.8 lux
0.15 fc
1.6 lux
0.49 fc
5.28 lux
10.0 ft
3.0 m
0.18 fc
1.9 lux
0.10 fc
1.1 lux
0.34 fc
3.7 lux
Table 12: Beam width comparison
Incandescent
(a)
Distance
CFL
(b)
XM-L EZW
(c)
XM-L EZW
(d)
1.7 ft
0.5 m
0.1 ft
0.03 m
3.8 ft
1.2 m
17.7 ft
5.4 m
31.8 ft
5.4 m
3.3 ft
1.0 m
0.2 ft
0.06 m
7.6 ft
2.2 m
35.5 ft
10.8 m
63.6 ft
19.4 m
5.0 ft
1.5 m
0.3 ft
0.09 m
11.4 ft
3.5 m
53.2 ft
16.2 m
95.4 ft
29.1 m
6.7 ft
2.0 m
0.5 ft
0.15 m
15.1 ft
4.6 m
71.0 ft
21.6 m
127.1 ft
38.7 m
8.3 ft
2.5 m
0.6 ft
0.18 m
18.9 ft
5.8 m
88.7 ft
27.0 m
158.9 ft
48.4 m
10.0 ft
3.0 m
0.7 ft
0.21 m
22.7 ft
6.9 m
106.4 ft
32.4 m
190.7 ft
58.1 m
a
Horizontal spread: 4.0°
b
Beam spread: 97.2°
c
Vertical spread: 158.7°
d
Horizontal spread: 168.0°
Cree acknowledges that, as implemented, these B10 lamps have a slightly greater length than a typical B10 lamp. We believe that design
adjustments can be made, such as a custom heat sink, to achieve the typical B10 form factor while retaining the electrical and photometric
performance illustrated in this proof of concept.
Copyright © 2011-2016 Cree, Inc. All rights reserved. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Cree®, XLamp® and EasyWhite® are registered trademarks and the Cree logo is a
trademark of Cree, Inc. ENERGY STAR® is a registered trademark of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Other trademarks, product, and company names are the property of their respective owners and
do not imply specific product and/or vendor endorsement, sponsorship or association. For product specifications, please see the data sheets available at www.cree.com. For warranty information, please
contact Cree Sales at [email protected]
17
XLamp ® B10 CANDELABRA Reference Design
Conclusions
This reference design demonstrates possibilities for designing a 25‑W equivalent B10 lamp that uses a single Cree XLamp XM-L EZW,
XM-L HVW, or XT-E HVW LED. Using two XT-E HVW LEDs provides increased performance while taking advantage of the LED’s high
voltage capability. This design also demonstrates the possibility of designing a 40-W equivalent B10 lamp using a single XM-L HVW LED.
Compared to the XM-L EZW LED, the high voltage LEDs enable the use of physically smaller yet more efficient drivers. The use of this
small number of LEDs lowers system costs and the small footprint of these LEDs simplifies fitting the lamp components in the compact
B10 form factor. The innovative lamp design, industry‑best LED‑to‑LED color consistency, and high lumen output combine to make this a
design for successful 25- and 40‑W equivalent, omnidirectional, B10‑replacement lamps.
Special thanks
Cree would like to acknowledge and thank iWatt, Inc. and Power Integrations for their collaboration on this reference design.
Reliance on any of the information provided in this Application Note is at the user’s sole risk. Cree and its affiliates make no warranties or representations about, nor assume any
liability with respect to, the information in this document or any LED-based lamp or luminaire made in accordance with this reference design, including without limitation that
the lamps or luminaires will not infringe the intellectual property rights of Cree or a third party. Luminaire manufacturers who base product designs in whole or part on any Cree
Application Note or Reference Design are solely responsible for the compliance of their products with all applicable laws and industry requirements.
Copyright © 2011-2016 Cree, Inc. All rights reserved. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Cree®, XLamp® and EasyWhite® are registered trademarks and the Cree logo is a
trademark of Cree, Inc. ENERGY STAR® is a registered trademark of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Other trademarks, product, and company names are the property of their respective owners and
do not imply specific product and/or vendor endorsement, sponsorship or association. For product specifications, please see the data sheets available at www.cree.com. For warranty information, please
contact Cree Sales at [email protected]
18