14

Electronic Energy Meter
Table of Contents
Communication Interface, IR data I/O..............................................................................................................................3
Communication Interface, Status Indicator.................................................................................................................... 4
Main Circuit, feedback...................................................................................................................................................... 5
Main Circuit, voltage stabilization....................................................................................................................................6
Measuring Unit, shunt resistor.........................................................................................................................................7
Measuring Unit, voltage detection................................................................................................................................... 8
Power Supply, current rectification................................................................................................................................. 9
Power Supply, EMI/RFI filter and capacitive coupling................................................................................................. 10
Power Supply, energy buffering.................................................................................................................................... 11
Power Supply, overvoltage protection.......................................................................................................................... 12
Power Supply, Surge Current Limiter............................................................................................................................13
page 1
Electronic Energy Meter
VISHAY components used for electronic energy meters include:
• Film Capacitors
• Ceramic Capacitors, Multilayer
• Al Electrolytic Capacitors
• Varistors
• Rectifier Diodes
• Zener Diodes
• Optocouplers
• LEDs
• IR detectors
• IR emitters
• Thick Film Chip Resistors
• Thin Film Chip Resistors
Application Overview
Modern solid-state electronic energy meters (also knows as kilowatt-hour meters, etc.) employ recently developed
electronic components to measure electrical energy. Basic electronic meters are not just more cost-effective than
mechanical meters, but offer further benefits: measurement accuracy of the electronic meter is about an order of
magnitude better than that of a mechanical meter, while power consumption is lower by about two orders of magnitude.
The electronic energy meter is also better protected against tampering than its mechanical predecessor, and units for
prepaid operation (e.g., card readers) and remote meter reading (e.g., wireless, telephone line, or internet) can easily be
included.
page 2
Electronic Energy Meter : Communication Interface, IR data I/O
IR detector
Product Name
Status
BPV10
Description
leaded IR detector;
PIN photodiode
Features
940 nm
Package
Q-Level
TH / Radial
D: 5 mm
(T-1 3/4)
IR emitter
Product Name
Status
Description
Features
Package
TSAL 4400
leaded IR emitter
with high radiant power
940 nm
TH / Radial
D: 3 mm
(T-1)
TSAL 6100
leaded IR emitter
with high radiant power
940 nm
TH / Radial
D: 5 mm
(T-1 3/4)
Q-Level
page 3
Electronic Energy Meter : Communication Interface, Status Indicator
LED
Product Name
Status
Description
Features
Package
TLHx4200
leaded LED, green, orange, red
green, orange, red
tinted clear package
TH / Radial
D: 3 mm
TLHx4400
leaded LED, green, orange, red
green, orange, red
tinted diffused package
TH / Radial
D: 3 mm
TLMx1100
SMD LED, green, orange, red
green, orange, red
small SMD package with
exceptional brightness
SMD
size 0603
CHIP
TLUx240x
leaded LED, green, orange, red
green, orange, red
tinted diffused package
TH / Radial
D: 1.8 mm
Q-Level
page 4
Electronic Energy Meter : Main Circuit, feedback
Optocoupler
Product Name
SFH610x
Status
Description
SMD or leaded optocoupler
phototransistor output;
high reliability
Features
VISO = 5300 VRMS;
Tamb: -55 to +100°C
CTR: 40% to 320%
Package
SMD / TH-DIP
SMD-4 or DIP-4
Q-Level
DIN EN (V
UL/CSA
BSI
page 5
Electronic Energy Meter : Main Circuit, voltage stabilization
Resistor
Product Name
Status
Description
Features
Package
CRCW....e3
thick film chip resistor, SMD
1 Ohm to 10 Mohms
E24-, E96-series;
excellent stability
SMD
0201 to 2512
CHIP
MCx
thin film chip resistor, SMD
1 Ohm to 10 MOhms;
low tol.; low TC;
excellent stability
SMD
0402 to 1206
CHIP
Q-Level
Zener Diode
Product Name
Status
Description
Features
Package
BZG04
SMD diode
Zener and surge current
specification
SMD
DO-214AC (SMA)
BZM55
SMD diode
Vz = 2.4 V to 75V;
max.Tj = 175°C
Very high stability
SMD
MicroMELF
glass case
BZT55
SMD diode
Vz = 2.4V to 75V;
max.Tj = 175°C
Very high stability
SMD
QuadroMELF,
SOD8
glass case
TZM
SMD diode
Vz = 2.4V to 75V;
max.Tj = 175°C
Very high stability
SMD
MiniMELF,
SOD80
glass case
Q-Level
page 6
Electronic Energy Meter : Measuring Unit, shunt resistor
Shunt resistor
Product Name
WSMS5515
Status
NEW
Description
Power Metal Strip, Meter Shunt Resistor
Very Low Ohmic Value;
5-Terminal Connection Design
Features
Package
Q-Level
R0001 - R0005; 5%
Very Low TCR
3-W power rating;
page 7
Electronic Energy Meter : Measuring Unit, voltage detection
precision resistor
Product Name
Status
MMA 0204 Precision
Description
MELF precision resistor
Features
10 Ohm to 511 kOhm
low tol.; low TC
superior stability;
Package
Q-Level
SMD
0204
MELF
Voltage Divider
Product Name
Status
Description
Features
Package
MMA 0204 HV
MMB 0207 HV
NEW
Profession High Voltage Thin Film
MELF Resistor
OP Voltage up to 1KV
Pulsload Stability
up to 3KV (1,2/50 surge)
MELF 0204
MELF 0207
RCV e3
NEW
High Voltage Thickfilm Chip Resistor
OP Voltage up to 500V
Tolerance 1%
Resistance 100k - 10M
0805
1206
TNPV 1206 e3
TNPV 1210 e3
NEW
Precision High Voltage
Thinfilm Chip Resistor
Umax up to 1000V
TCR down to 10ppm/ K
Stability <=0,05%
1206
1210
Q-Level
AECQ200
page 8
Electronic Energy Meter : Power Supply, current rectification
Rectifier Diode
Product Name
Status
Description
Features
Package
1N400x
leaded rectifier diode
IF = 1 A; IFSM = 45 A;
Vf = 1.1V; max.Tj = 150°C
TH / Axial
DO-204AL
(DO-41)
1N400xGP
leaded rectifier diode
IF = 1 A; IFSM = 30 A;
Vf = 1.1V; max.Tj = 175°C
TH / Axial
DO-204AL
(DO-41)
MSE1Px
NEW
SMD rectifier diode
IF = 1.5 A; IFSM = 30 A;
Vf = 1.4V; max.Tj = 150°C
trr = 25 ns; Er = 20 mJ
SMD
(uSMP)
S1Px
NEW
SMD rectifier diode
IF = 1.5 A; IFSM = 30 A;
Vf = 1.15V; max.Tj = 175°
Er = 20 mJ
SMD
DO-220AA (SMP)
Q-Level
page 9
Electronic Energy Meter : Power Supply, EMI/RFI filter and capacitive coupling
Filter and coupling capacitors
Product Name
Status
Description
Features
Package
Q-Level
F 1772-2 310 V-X2
leaded X2 film capacitor
Cap.range: 0.01uF - 2.2uF
310 VAC rated;
self-healing
TH / Radial
EN/IEC
5*11*17.5 to
UL/CSA
15.5*28.5*41.5mm
F1772-4000
leaded X2 film capacitor
Cap.range: 0.001 uF-1uF
440 VAC rated;
self-healing
TH / Radial
EN/IEC
UL/CSA
CQC
MKP 338 6 Y2
leaded Y2 film capacitor
Cap.range: 0.001 uF-0.47
300 VAC rated;
self-healing
TH / Radial
EN/IEC
UL/CSA
leaded film capacitor
in series with mains;
do NOT use across the line!
self-healing;
excellent long term
stability of capacitance
TH / Radial
4.0*10.0*12.5 to
15*25*31.5 mm
MKT 334
NEW
page 10
Electronic Energy Meter : Power Supply, energy buffering
Buffer Capacitor
Product Name
Status
Description
Features
Package
136 RVI
Radial
Very low impedance
10 V to 100 V;
22 µF to 10000 µF
[email protected]°C=4000-10000h
TH / Radial
10x12 to 18x35
150 RMI
Radial
Very low impedance
10 V to 100 V
[email protected]°C=4000-10000h
TH / Radial
8x12 to 18x31
Q-Level
AEC Q200
page 11
Electronic Energy Meter : Power Supply, overvoltage protection
Varistor
Product Name
Status
Description
Features
Package
VDRH - - .E
2381 58. ...
leaded varistor
max. Vrms = 680 V;
max. trans. curr. = 10 kA
TH / Radial
VDRS - - .E
2381 59. ...
leaded varistor
max. Vrms = 680 V;
max. trans. curr. = 6.5 k
TH / Radial
Q-Level
Voltage regulating power diode
Product Name
PTVx
Status
NEW
Description
SMD voltage regulator diode
Features
Clamps at 3.9 V to 36 V;
epoxy meets UL94V-0
flammability rating
Package
Q-Level
SMD
DO-220AA (SMP)
page 12
Electronic Energy Meter : Power Supply, Surge Current Limiter
Power Resistor
Product Name
Status
Description
Features
Package
CMB 0207
carbon film resistor
2.2 Ohms to 1.5 Mohms
superior power rating;
high pulse capability
SMD
0207
MELF
MMx
thin film MELF resistor, SMD
0.22 Ohms to 10 Mohms
low tol.; low TC; high P;
excellent stability;
SMD
0102 to 0207
MELF
SMM0207
thin film MELF resistor, SMD
0.16 Ohms to 10 MOhms;
high power rating;
excellent stability;
SMD
0207
MELF
Z300
Axial Cemented Wirewound Resistor
Non flammable
0.3 Ohms to 8.2k Ohms,
1W to 10W power rating;
high pulse capability
TH / Axial
Q-Level
page 13
page 14