BIOS and Kernel Developer’s Guide (BKDG)

31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Cover page
BIOS and Kernel
Developer’s Guide
(BKDG)
For AMD Family 10h
Processors
Advanced Micro Devices
1
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
© 2005–2010 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. All rights reserved.
The contents of this document are provided in connection with Advanced
Micro Devices, Inc. ("AMD") products. AMD makes no representations
or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents
of this publication and reserves the right to make changes to specifications and product descriptions at any time without notice. No license,
whether express, implied, arising by estoppel or otherwise, to any intellectual property rights is granted by this publication. Except as set forth in
AMD's Standard Terms and Conditions of Sale, AMD assumes no liability whatsoever, and disclaims any express or implied warranty, relating to
its products including, but not limited to, the implied warranty of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or infringement of any intellectual property right. AMD's products are not designed, intended,
authorized or warranted for use as components in systems intended for
surgical implant into the body, or in other applications intended to support
or sustain life, or in any other application in which the failure of AMD's
product could create a situation where personal injury, death, or severe
property or environmental damage may occur. AMD reserves the right to
discontinue or make changes to its products at any time without notice.
Trademarks
AMD, the AMD Arrow logo, 3DNow!, and combinations thereof are trademarks of Advanced Micro Devices,
Inc.
MMX is a trademark of Intel Corporation.
Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
HyperTransport is a licensed trademark of the HyperTransport Technology Consortium.
Other product names used in this publication are for identification purposes only and may be trademarks of
their respective companies.
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table of Contents
1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Intended Audience. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Reference Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
1.3.1 Numbering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
1.3.2 Arithmetic And Logical Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Changes Between Revisions and Product Variations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
1.5.1 Revision Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
1.5.2 Major Changes Relative to Family 0Fh Processors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
1.5.3 Changes For Revision C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
1.5.3.1 Changes for Revision DA-C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
1.5.3.2 Changes for Revision C3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
1.5.4 Changes For Revision D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
1.5.4.1 Changes for Revision D1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
1.5.4.1.1
Multi-node Processors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
1.5.5 Changes for Revision E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
1.5.6 Supported Feature Variations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Functional Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Processor Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
System Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
2.2.1 Mixed Stepping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Processor Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
2.3.1 BSP initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
2.3.2 AP initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
2.3.3 Using L2 Cache as General Storage During Boot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
2.3.4 Multiprocessing Capability Detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
2.3.5 BIOS Requirements For 64-Bit Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
2.3.6 SLIT and SRAT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
2.3.6.1 SLIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
2.3.6.2 SRAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Power Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
2.4.1 Processor Power Planes And Voltage Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
2.4.1.1 VID Pins And Interface Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
2.4.1.2 Internal VID Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
2.4.1.3 MinVid and MaxVid Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
2.4.1.4 PSI_L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
2.4.1.5 Alternative Voltage (Altvid) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
2.4.1.6 VID Encodings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
2.4.1.6.1
Boot VID Encodings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
2.4.1.6.2
Parallel VID Interface (PVI) Encodings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
2.4.1.6.3
Serial VID (SVI) Encodings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
2.4.1.7 BIOS Requirements for Power Plane Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
2.4.1.8 Hardware-Initiated Voltage Transitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
2.4.1.9 Software-Initiated Voltage Transitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
2.4.1.9.1
Software-Initiated NB Voltage Transitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
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2.4.1.9.2
Software-Initiated CPU Voltage Transitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
2.4.1.10 SVI Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
2.4.2 P-states . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
2.4.2.1 Core P-states . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
2.4.2.1.1
Core Performance Boost (CPB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
2.4.2.1.2
Core P-state Naming and Numbering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
2.4.2.1.2.1 Software P-state Numbering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
2.4.2.1.2.2 Hardware P-state Numbering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
2.4.2.1.3
Core P-state Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
2.4.2.2 NB P-states . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
2.4.2.2.1
NB P-state Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
2.4.2.3 P-state Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
2.4.2.4 P-state Bandwidth Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
2.4.2.5 P-state Transition Behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
2.4.2.6 BIOS Requirements for P-State Initialization and Transitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
2.4.2.7 BIOS Configuration for Dual-plane Only Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
2.4.2.8 BIOS Configuration for Asymmetric Boost . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
2.4.2.9 BIOS Northbridge COF and VID Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
2.4.2.9.1
BIOS NB COF and VID Configuration for SVI and Single-Plane PVI Systems .
59
2.4.2.9.2
BIOS NB COF and VID Configuration for Dual-Plane PVI Systems . . . . . . . . 59
2.4.2.10 Processor-Systemboard Power Removal Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
2.4.2.11 Processor-Systemboard Power Delivery Compatibility Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
2.4.2.12 Mixed-Frequency and Power P-State Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
2.4.2.12.1 Mixed Power P-State Configuration Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
2.4.2.12.2 Mixed Frequency and Power P-State Configuration Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
2.4.2.12.3 Mixed Frequency and Power P-State Configuration Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
2.4.2.13 ACPI Processor P-State Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
2.4.2.13.1 _PCT (Performance Control) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
2.4.2.13.2 _PSS (Performance Supported States) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
2.4.2.13.3 _PPC (Performance Present Capabilities) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
2.4.2.13.4 _PSD (P-State Dependency) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
2.4.2.13.5 Fixed ACPI Description Table (FADT) Entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
2.4.2.14 XPSS (Microsoft® Extended PSS) Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
2.4.2.15 BIOS COF and VID Requirements After Warm Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
2.4.2.15.1 Core P-State Voltage Alignment After Warm Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
2.4.2.15.2 Core Maximum P-State Transition Sequence After Warm Reset . . . . . . . . . . . 71
2.4.2.15.3 Core Minimum P-State Transition Sequence After Warm Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
2.4.2.15.4 NB COF and VID Transition Sequence After Warm Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
2.4.3 C-states . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
2.4.3.1 C-state Names and Numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
2.4.3.2 C-state Request Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
2.4.3.3 C1 Enhanced State (C1E) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
2.4.3.3.1
SMI Initiated C1E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
2.4.3.3.2
BIOS Requirements to Initialize SMI Initiated C1E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
2.4.3.3.2.1 SMM Handler Requirements for C1E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
2.4.3.3.3
Hardware Initiated C1E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
2.4.3.3.3.1 BIOS Requirements to Initialize Hardware Initiated C1E . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
2.4.3.3.4
Message Triggered C1E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
2.4.3.3.5
BIOS Requirements to Initialize Message Triggered C1E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
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2.4.3.4 Cache Flush On Halt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
2.4.3.5 C5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
2.4.3.6 ACPI Processor C-state Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
2.4.3.6.1
_CST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
2.4.3.6.2
_CRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
2.4.4 ACPI Suspend to RAM State (S3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
2.4.5 Effective Frequency. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
2.5 Processor State Transition Sequences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
2.5.1 ACPI Power State Transitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
2.6 The Northbridge (NB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
2.6.1 Northbridge (NB) Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
2.6.2 The GART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
2.6.3 DMA Exclusion Vectors (DEV) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
2.6.4 Northbridge Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
2.6.4.1 Address Space Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
2.6.4.1.1
DRAM and MMIO Memory Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
2.6.4.1.2
IO Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
2.6.4.1.3
Configuration Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
2.6.4.2 HyperTransport™ Technology Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
2.6.4.2.1
Routing Table Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
2.6.4.2.2
NodeId Enumeration Requirements for Dual-node Processors . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
2.6.4.2.3
BIOS Requirements for Systems with Mixed Processor Families . . . . . . . . . . . 85
2.6.4.2.4
Link Traffic Distribution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
2.6.4.2.4.1 Coherent Link Traffic Distribution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
2.6.4.2.4.2 Coherent Link Pair Traffic Distribution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
2.6.4.2.5
Display Refresh And IFCM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
2.6.4.2.5.1 Recommended Buffer Count Settings for Single Link Processors . . . . . . 87
2.6.4.2.5.2 Recommended Buffer Count Settings for Multi-link Processors . . . . . . . 89
2.6.5 The Level 3 Cache (L3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
2.6.5.1 Probe Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
2.6.5.1.1
Probe Filter Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
2.6.6 Memory Scrubbers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
2.6.7 Physical Address Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
2.6.8 System Address Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
2.7 Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
2.7.1 Link Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
2.7.1.1 Ganging And Unganging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
2.7.1.2 Ganging Detection And Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
2.7.1.3 Link Type Detect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
2.7.1.3.1
Unused Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
2.7.1.4 Legal Topologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
2.7.1.5 Link Mapping for Dual-Node Processors in the G34 Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
2.7.2 Termination and Compensation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
2.7.3 Equalization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
2.7.4 Link Bandwidth Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
2.7.5 Link Retry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
2.7.6 Link LDTSTOP_L Disconnect-Reconnect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
2.7.7 LDTSTOP Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
2.7.8 Response Ordering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
2.7.9 Link Testing, BIST, and ILM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
2.7.10 Miscellaneous Behaviors and Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
DRAM Controllers (DCTs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
2.8.1 DCT Configuration Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
2.8.2 DDR Pad to Processor Pin Mapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
2.8.3 Support For Multiple Unbuffered Logical DIMMs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
2.8.4 Burst Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
2.8.5 Ganged or Unganged Mode Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
2.8.6 Routing DRAM Requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
2.8.7 DRAM Controller Direct Response Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
2.8.8 DRAM Data Burst Mapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
2.8.9 DCT/DRAM Initialization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
2.8.9.1 DDR3 Supply Voltage Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
2.8.9.2 Phy and Controller Mode Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
2.8.9.3 Phy compensation initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
2.8.9.4 SPD ROM-Based Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
2.8.9.5 Non-SPD ROM-Based Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
2.8.9.5.1
Trdrd (Read to Read Timing) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
2.8.9.5.2
Twrwr (Write to Write Timing) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
2.8.9.5.3
Twrrd (Write to Read DIMM Termination Turn-around) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
2.8.9.5.4
TrwtTO (Read-to-Write Turnaround for Data, DQS Contention) . . . . . . . . . . 114
2.8.9.5.5
TrwtWB (Read-to-Write Turnaround for Opportunistic Write Bursting) . . . . 114
2.8.9.5.6
FourActWindow (Four Bank Activate Window or tFAW) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
2.8.9.5.7
DRAM ODT Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
2.8.9.5.8
DRAM Address Timing and Output Driver Compensation Control . . . . . . . . 120
2.8.9.6 DRAM Device and Controller Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
2.8.9.6.1
Software DDR2 Device Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
2.8.9.6.2
Software DDR3 Device Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
2.8.9.6.2.1 Software Control Word Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
2.8.9.7 Phy Fence programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
2.8.9.8 DRAM Channel Frequency Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
2.8.9.9 DRAM Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
2.8.9.9.1
Write Levelization Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
2.8.9.9.1.1 Write Leveling Seed Value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
2.8.9.9.2
DQS Receiver Enable Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
2.8.9.9.3
DQS Position Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
2.8.9.9.4
ECC Byte Lane Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
2.8.9.9.5
Calculating MaxRdLatency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
2.8.9.9.5.1 MaxRdLatency Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
2.8.9.9.6
Continuous Pattern Generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
2.8.9.10 DRAM Phy Power Savings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
2.8.10 Memory Interleaving Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
2.8.10.1 Chip Select Interleaving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
2.8.10.2 Node Interleaving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
2.8.11 Memory Hoisting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
2.8.11.1 DramHoleOffset Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
2.8.11.2 DctSelBaseOffset Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
2.8.12 On-Line Spare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
2.8.12.1 On-Line Spare and CS Interleaving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
2.8.13 DRAM On DIMM Thermal Management and Power Capping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
2.9 CPU Core. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
2.8
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2.9.1 Virtual Address Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
2.9.2 CPU Cores and Downcoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
2.9.3 Access Type Determination. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
2.9.3.1 Memory Access to the Physical Address Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
2.9.3.1.1
Determining The Cache Attribute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
2.9.3.1.2
Determining The Access Destination for CPU Accesses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
2.9.4 Timers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
2.9.5 APIC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
2.9.5.1 ApicId Enumeration Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
2.10 Thermal Functions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
2.10.1 The Tctl Temperature Scale. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
2.10.2 Thermal Diode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
2.10.3 Temperature-Driven Logic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
2.10.3.1 PROCHOT_L and Hardware Thermal Control (HTC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
2.10.3.2 Software Thermal Control (STC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
2.10.3.3 THERMTRIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
2.11 Configuration Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
2.11.1 MMIO Configuration Coding Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
2.11.2 MMIO Configuration Ordering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
2.11.3 Processor Configuration Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
2.12 RAS and Advanced Server Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
2.12.1 Machine Check Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
2.12.1.1 Machine Check Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
2.12.1.2 Machine Check Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
2.12.1.2.1 Machine Check Error Logging and Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
2.12.1.2.2 Error Overflow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
2.12.1.3 MCA Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
2.12.1.4 Handling Machine Check Exceptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
2.12.1.5 Error Diagnosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
2.12.1.5.1 Common Diagnosis Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
2.12.1.6 Error Thresholding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171
2.12.1.7 Scrub Rate Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172
2.12.1.8 Error Injection and Simulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173
2.12.2 DRAM Considerations for ECC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173
2.12.2.1 Multi-Beat Interleaving for Unganged Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175
2.12.2.2 Software Managed Bad Symbol Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
2.12.2.3 ECC Syndromes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
2.12.2.3.1 x8 ECC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
2.12.2.3.2 x4 ECC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
2.12.3 Sideband Interface (SBI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183
2.12.3.1 SBI Processor Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183
2.13 Interrupts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183
2.13.1 Local APIC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183
2.13.1.1 Physical Destination Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
2.13.1.2 Logical Destination Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
2.13.1.3 Interrupt Delivery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
2.13.1.4 Vectored Interrupt Handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
2.13.1.5 Interrupt Masking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
2.13.1.6 Spurious Interrupts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
2.13.1.6.1 Spurious Interrupts Caused by Timer Tick Interrupt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
2.13.1.7 Lowest-Priority Interrupt Arbitration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
2.13.1.8 Inter-Processor Interrupts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
2.13.1.9 APIC Timer Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
2.13.1.10 Generalized Local Vector Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
2.13.1.11 State at Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
2.13.2 System Management Mode (SMM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
2.13.2.1 SMM Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
2.13.2.2 Operating Mode and Default Register Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
2.13.2.3 SMI Sources And Delivery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
2.13.2.4 SMM Initial State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
2.13.2.5 SMM Save State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
2.13.2.6 Exceptions and Interrupts in SMM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
2.13.2.7 The Protected ASeg and TSeg Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
2.13.2.8 SMM Special Cycles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
2.13.2.9 Locking SMM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
2.13.2.10 Multiple Unsynchronized SMI Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
2.14 Secure Virtual Machine Mode (SVM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196
2.14.1 BIOS support for SVM Disable. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196
2.15 CPUID Instruction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197
2.15.1 Multi-Core Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197
2.15.2 L3 Cache Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197
2.16 Performance Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197
2.16.1 Performance Monitor Counters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197
2.16.2 Instruction Based Sampling (IBS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197
3
Registers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1 Register Descriptions and Mnemonics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1.1 Northbridge MSRs In Multi-Core Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2 IO Space Registers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.3 Function 0 HyperTransport™ Technology Configuration Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4 Function 1 Address Map Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.5 Function 2 DRAM Controller Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.6 Function 3 Miscellaneous Control Registers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.7 Function 4 Link Control Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.8 APIC Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.9 CPUID Instruction Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.10 MSRs - MSR0000_xxxx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.11 MSRs - MSRC000_0xxx. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.12 MSRs - MSRC001_0xxx. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.13 MSRs - MSRC001_1xxx. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.14 Performance Counter Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.14.1 Floating Point Events. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.14.2 Load/Store and TLB Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.14.3 Data Cache Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.14.4 L2 Cache and System Interface Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.14.5 Instruction Cache Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.14.6 Execution Unit Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.14.7 Memory Controller Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.14.8 Crossbar Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.14.9 Link Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
199
199
200
200
201
224
233
285
346
372
382
392
410
413
433
441
441
443
444
447
450
452
456
461
464
8
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
3.14.10 L3 Cache Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 464
4
Register List. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 468
9
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
List of Figures
Figure 1:
Figure 2:
Figure 3:
Figure 4:
Figure 5:
Figure 6:
Figure 7:
Figure 8:
Figure 9:
Figure 10:
Figure 11:
Figure 12:
Figure 13:
Figure 14:
Figure 15:
Figure 16:
Figure 17:
Figure 18:
A single-node processor. ............................................................................................................. 38
A dual-node processor................................................................................................................. 38
System diagram........................................................................................................................... 39
Example 8 node system in twisted ladder topology.................................................................... 43
Two processor G34 topology ...................................................................................................... 83
Four processor G34 maximum performance topology ............................................................... 83
Four processor G34 maximum IO topology ............................................................................... 84
Sample four-node configuration ................................................................................................. 84
Dual-node processor link diagram. ............................................................................................. 97
Link DC termination mode. ........................................................................................................ 98
DDR3 x8 Registered DIMM..................................................................................................... 147
DDR3 Registered x4 DIMM (planar) ....................................................................................... 147
Example cases for programming DramHoleOffset................................................................... 155
Example cases for programming DctSelBaseOffset. ................................................................ 156
Example of line interleaving from x4 DRAM in unganged DRAM mode using x4 ECC ....... 175
Example of line interleaving from x4 DRAM in unganged DRAM mode using x8 ECC ....... 176
Address/Command Timing at the Processor Pins..................................................................... 258
Link phy recovered clock and sample clock............................................................................. 351
10
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
List of Tables
Table 1:
Table 2:
Table 3:
Table 4:
Table 5:
Table 6:
Table 7:
Table 8:
Table 9:
Table 10:
Table 11:
Table 12:
Table 13:
Table 14:
Table 15:
Table 16:
Table 17:
Table 18:
Table 19:
Table 20:
Table 21:
Table 22:
Table 23:
Table 24:
Table 25:
Table 26:
Table 27:
Table 28:
Table 29:
Table 30:
Table 31:
Table 32:
Table 33:
Table 34:
Table 35:
Table 36:
Table 37:
Table 38:
Table 39:
Table 40:
Processor revision conventions................................................................................................... 29
Supported feature variations by revision .................................................................................... 36
SLIT table example without probe filter..................................................................................... 43
SLIT table example with probe filter.......................................................................................... 44
Power management support ........................................................................................................ 44
Boot VID codes........................................................................................................................... 48
PVI VID codes ............................................................................................................................ 48
SVI and internal VID codes ........................................................................................................ 49
Voltage transition behavior ......................................................................................................... 50
P-state name to MSR address...................................................................................................... 53
P-state name to P-state index ...................................................................................................... 54
Representative mixed frequency P-state table example (step 2)................................................. 64
Representative mixed frequency P-state table example (step 3)................................................. 64
Representative mixed frequency P-state table example (step 4)................................................. 65
Representative mixed frequency P-state table example (step 6)................................................. 66
Representative mixed frequency P-state table example (step 7)................................................. 67
Representative mixed frequency P-state table example (final)................................................... 68
Representative mixed frequency _PSS object example.............................................................. 68
F0x[F0, D0, B0, 90] and F0x[F4, D4, B4, 94] Recommended Settings................................................. 87
F3x6C and F3x70 Recommended Settings..................................................................................... 87
..................................................................................................................................................... 88
F2x118, F3x74, and F3x7C Recommended Settings........................................................................ 88
F3x140, F3x144, F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48], and F3x158 Recommended Settings........................................ 89
F0x[F0, D0, B0, 90] and F0x[F4, D4, B4, 94] Recommended Settings................................................. 89
F3x6C, F3x70, F3x74, and F3x7C Recommended Settings .............................................................. 90
F3x140, F3x144, and F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48] Recommended Settings for Socket F(1207) and C32...... 91
F3x140 and F3x144 Recommended Settings for Socket G34......................................................... 92
F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48] Recommended Settings for 1 Processor G34 System .................................... 92
F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48] Recommended Settings for 2 Processor G34 System .................................... 93
F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48] Recommended Settings for 4 Processor G34 System .................................... 93
Link disconnect controls ............................................................................................................. 99
Supported link operational modes............................................................................................. 101
DDR2 Unbuffered and Registered Maximum Frequency Support (per channel)..................... 102
DDR3 SO-DIMM and Unbuffered Maximum Frequency Support (per channel).................... 103
DDR3 Registered Maximum Frequency Support (per channel)............................................... 103
Package pin mapping ................................................................................................................ 104
DDR2 Four Bank Activate Window Values ..............................................................................115
ODT Settings for DDR2 SO-DIMMs ........................................................................................115
ODT Settings for DDR2 UDIMMs and RDIMMs ....................................................................115
ODT Settings for DDR3 SO-DIMMs (1 DIMM per channel) ..................................................116
11
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
Table 41:
Table 42:
Table 43:
Table 44:
Table 45:
Table 46:
Table 47:
Table 48:
Table 49:
Table 50:
Table 51:
Table 52:
Table 53:
Table 54:
Table 55:
Table 56:
Table 57:
Table 58:
Table 59:
Table 60:
Table 61:
Table 62:
Table 63:
Table 64:
Table 65:
Table 66.
Table 67.
Table 68.
Table 69.
Table 70.
Table 71.
Table 72:
Table 73:
Table 74:
Table 75:
Table 76:
Table 77:
Table 78:
Table 79:
Table 80:
Table 81:
Table 82:
Table 83:
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
ODT Setting for DDR3 SO-DIMMs (2 DIMMs per channel) ..................................................116
ODT Settings for DDR3 UDIMMs (2 or 3 DIMMs per channel) .............................................116
ODT Settings for DDR3 RDIMMs (2 DIMMs per channel).....................................................116
ODT Settings for DDR3 RDIMMs (3 DIMMs per channel).....................................................117
DDR3 UDIMM ODT Pattern ....................................................................................................119
DDR3 SO-DIMM and UDIMM Write Leveling ODT Pattern..................................................119
DDR3 RDIMM ODT Pattern (2 DIMMs per channel)..............................................................119
DDR3 RDIMM Write Leveling ODT Pattern (2 DIMMs per channel) ....................................119
DDR3 UDIMM and RDIMM ODT Pattern (3 DIMMs per channel)....................................... 120
DDR3 UDIMM and RDIMM Write Leveling ODT Pattern (3 DIMM per channel) ............... 120
DDR2 SO-DIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 1 DIMM per channel................ 121
DDR2 SO-DIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 2 DIMMs per channel .............. 121
DDR2 UDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 2 DIMMs per channel.................. 122
DDR2 RDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 4 DIMMs per channel.................. 123
DDR2 RDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 2 DIMMs per channel.................. 124
AM3 DDR3 UDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths .................................................. 124
G34 DDR3 UDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths.................................................... 125
C32 DDR3 UDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths .................................................... 127
DDR3 SO-DIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 1 DIMM per channel................ 128
DDR3 SO-DIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 2 DIMMs per channel .............. 128
DDR3 RDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 1 DIMM per channel ................... 129
G34 DDR3 RDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 2 DIMMs per channel .......... 130
C32 DDR3 RDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 2 DIMMs per channel .......... 130
G34 DDR3 RDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 3 DIMMs per channel .......... 132
C32 DDR3 RDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 3 DIMMs per channel .......... 133
DDR3 RDIMM Register Control Word Values ........................................................................ 139
Write Leveling Seed Values ...................................................................................................... 143
DDR2 swapped normalized address lines for interleaving for a 64-bit interface..................... 151
DDR2 swapped normalized address lines for CS interleaving for a 128-bit interface ............. 152
DDR3 swapped normalized address lines for interleaving for a 64-bit interface..................... 152
DDR3 swapped normalized address lines for CS interleaving for a 128-bit interface ............. 153
MCA register cross-reference table .......................................................................................... 165
MC0 and MC4 Overwrite Priorities.......................................................................................... 167
MC1, MC2, MC3, and MC5 Overwrite Priorities .................................................................... 168
MCA Registers Commonly Used for Diagnosis....................................................................... 170
Recommended Scrub Rates per Node....................................................................................... 172
Configuration Specific Recommended ECC Symbol Size ....................................................... 174
x8 ECC correctable syndromes................................................................................................. 177
x4 ECC correctable syndromes................................................................................................. 182
SMM initial state....................................................................................................................... 188
SMM Save State........................................................................................................................ 189
Terminology in register descriptions......................................................................................... 199
DIMM support per package ...................................................................................................... 234
12
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
Table 84:
Table 85:
Table 86:
Table 87:
Table 88:
Table 89:
Table 90:
Table 91:
Table 92:
Table 93:
Table 94:
Table 95:
Table 96:
Table 97:
Table 98:
Table 99:
Table 100:
Table 101:
Table 102:
Table 103:
Table 104:
Table 105:
Table 106:
Table 107:
Table 108:
Table 109:
Table 110:
Table 111:
Table 112:
Table 113:
Table 114:
Table 115:
Table 116:
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Logical DIMM, Chip Select, CKE, ODT, and Register Mapping ............................................ 234
DDR2 DRAM address mapping ............................................................................................... 239
DDR3 DRAM address mapping ............................................................................................... 239
Error codes: transaction type..................................................................................................... 292
Error codes: cache level ............................................................................................................ 292
Error codes: memory transaction type ...................................................................................... 293
Error codes: participation processor ......................................................................................... 293
Error codes: memory or IO ....................................................................................................... 293
NB error descriptions ................................................................................................................ 294
NB error signatures, part 1........................................................................................................ 296
NB error signatures, part 2........................................................................................................ 297
Default MCA NB Address Register default encoding.............................................................. 300
MCA NB Address Low Register encoding Protocol Errors ..................................................... 300
MCA NB Address Low Register encoding for NB Array Errors ............................................. 302
MCA NB Address Register encoding for L3 Array Errors ...................................................... 303
MCA NB Address Low Register encoding for Watchdog Timer Errors .................................. 303
ACPI Power State Control Register SMAF Settings ................................................................ 312
Gen3 deemphasis settings ......................................................................................................... 354
Estimated deemphasis (dB) for microstrip routing ................................................................... 355
Estimated deemphasis (dB) for stripline routing ...................................................................... 356
Recommended XmtRdPtr settings for G34 and C32 processors .............................................. 358
Valid ICR field combinations.................................................................................................... 377
DC error descriptions ................................................................................................................ 401
DC error signatures ................................................................................................................... 402
DC error data; address register.................................................................................................. 402
IC error descriptions.................................................................................................................. 404
IC error signatures..................................................................................................................... 404
IC error data; address register ................................................................................................... 405
BU error descriptions ................................................................................................................ 406
BU error signatures ................................................................................................................... 407
BU error data; address register.................................................................................................. 407
LS error signatures .................................................................................................................... 408
FR error signatures.................................................................................................................... 410
13
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Revision History
Revision 3.46 To Revision 3.48 Changes
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Updated Table 2.
Updated Table 44.
Updated 2.8.9.5.1 [Trdrd (Read to Read Timing)].
Clarified F3xE8[CmpCap].
Clarified MSRC001_0074[CpuWdtTimeBase].
Corrected MSRC001_1037[IbsDcUcMemAcc, IbsDcWcMemAcc].
Clarified EventSelect 068h.
Revision 3.34 To Revision 3.46 Changes
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Updated 1.2 [Reference Documents].
Clarified 2.4.2 [P-states].
Clarified F0x150[HtRetryCrcCmdPackDynEn].
Clarified F3xB0[EccErrCntChan].
Clarified F3x1A0.
Clarified F3x1EC_x[FF:01].
Updated F3x1FC.
Clarified MSRC000_04[0F:0B].
Added EventSelect 068h and EventSelect 069h.
Updated 2.4.2.11 [Processor-Systemboard Power Delivery Compatibility Check].
Updated Table 56.
Updated Table 67.
Clarified Table 76.
Clarified F3x74.
Clarified F3x1[78, 70, 68, 60][Locked].
Updated 2.4.4 [ACPI Suspend to RAM State (S3)].
Clarified Table 82.
Updated F2x[1, 0]90[EnterSelfRef].
Updated 2.4.2.15.3 [Core Minimum P-State Transition Sequence After Warm Reset].
Updated 2.4.4 [ACPI Suspend to RAM State (S3)].
Clarified 2.6.4.2.5 [Display Refresh And IFCM].
Updated Table 35.
Corrected Table 36.
Updated Table 56.
Added Table 60.
Updated 2.8.9.9 [DRAM Training].
Corrected 2.8.9.9.1 [Write Levelization Training].
Corrected 2.8.9.9.1.1 [Write Leveling Seed Value].
Added Table 67.
Clarified F0x164[cHTPrbDistEn,cHTReqDistEn].
Clarified F0x16C[InLnSt].
Updated Table 100.
Clarified CPUID Fn8000_001B[RdWrOpCnt].
Updated MSRC001_0015[TlbCacheDis] and Table 96.
Clarified MSRC001_1032[IbsFetchPhysAd] and MSRC001_1039[IbsDcPhysAd].
Updated Table 59.
14
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Updated 2.8.9.9.5 [Calculating MaxRdLatency].
Clarified Table 77.
Updated F2x[1, 0]8C[Trfc0].
Updated F2x9C_x0A.
Clarified F2x[1, 0]9C_x[2B:10].
Clarified F3x44[ChipKillEccCap].
Updated 2.4.1.4 [PSI_L].
Updated SMMFED8.
Clarified F1x[BC:80][Lock].
Updated F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D4, C4][DCV].
Updated APIC410[ExtApicIdEn].
Updated 2.3.3 [Using L2 Cache as General Storage During Boot].
Updated 2.4.1.4 [PSI_L].
Updated 2.8.9.1 [DDR3 Supply Voltage Configuration].
Updated Table 84.
Updated F2x[1, 0]88[MemClkDis].
Updated F2x[1, 0]9C_x0C[CKETri, ODTTri, ChipSelTri].
Added MSRC001_1021[DIS_SPEC_TLB_RLD, DIS_IND], MSRC001_1022[DIS_SPEC_TLB_RLD].
Added 2.8.2 [DDR Pad to Processor Pin Mapping].
Corrected F2x9C_x0A.
Added F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F812F.
Updated F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F2[F:0]30.
Updated MSRC001_0116 and MSRC001_0117.
Revision 3.28 To Revision 3.34 Changes
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Updated 2.3.3 [Using L2 Cache as General Storage During Boot].
Updated 2.4.2.5 [P-state Transition Behavior].
Updated 2.6.5.1 [Probe Filter].
Updated Table 53.
Clarified 2.8.9.8 [DRAM Channel Frequency Change].
Clarified F2x[1, 0]90[DisDllShutdownSR].
Updated 2.8.9 [DCT/DRAM Initialization].
Updated Table 46.
Updated Table 42, Table 49, Table 50, and Table 56.
Updated Table 62.
Added 2.8.9.10 [DRAM Phy Power Savings].
Clarified F2x[1, 0]90[InitDram].
Updated F2x[1, 0]98[DctAccessDone].
Added F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F[9:8][F:0]0[8,4,0].
Updated F2x[1, 0]A8[Ddr3FourSocketCh].
Clarified F3xD8[VSSlamTime].
Updated 2.4.2.15.2 [Core Maximum P-State Transition Sequence After Warm Reset].
Updated 2.4.2.15.3 [Core Minimum P-State Transition Sequence After Warm Reset].
Clarified 2.6.5.1 [Probe Filter].
Clarified 2.8 [DRAM Controllers (DCTs)].
Updated 2.8.9.5.1 [Trdrd (Read to Read Timing)]. 2.8.9.5.2 [Twrwr (Write to Write Timing)], 2.8.9.5.3
[Twrrd (Write to Read DIMM Termination Turn-around)], 2.8.9.5.4 [TrwtTO (Read-to-Write Turnaround for Data, DQS Contention)].
• Clarified 2.8.10 [Memory Interleaving Modes].
• Updated 2.8.9.9.2 [DQS Receiver Enable Training].
15
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Updated 2.12.2 [DRAM Considerations for ECC].
Updated 2.12.2.2 [Software Managed Bad Symbol Identification].
Updated F2x[1, 0]90[ParEn, PllLockTime].
Clarified F2x[1, 0]94[PowerDownMode, PowerDownEn].
Added F2x[1, 0]A8[ActiveCmdAtRst].
Clarified F3x40.
Clarified F3x44[CorrMcaExcEn].
Clarified F3x[84:80][NbGateEn].
Updated MSRC001_00[68:64][IddValue].
Revision 3.20 To Revision 3.28 Changes
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Updated 2.4.3.3.3 [Hardware Initiated C1E].
Added 1.5.3.1 [Changes for Revision DA-C].
Added 1.5.4 [Changes For Revision D].
Updated 2.6.5.1 [Probe Filter].
Clarified F2x[1, 0]A4[CmdThrottleMode].
Clarified Table 98.
Updated F3x1C4.
Clarified CPUID Fn8000_0006[L3Size, L3Assoc].
Updated 2.8.5 [Ganged or Unganged Mode Considerations].
Updated 2.12.2 [DRAM Considerations for ECC].
Updated F2x[1, 0]9C_x0D[RxMaxDurDllNoLock, TxMaxDurDllNoLock].
Clarified F2x110[MemClrBusy and MemClrInit].
Clarified F3x44[CorrMcaExcEn].
Clarified Table 92.
Clarified 1.5.1 [Revision Conventions].
Updated 2.4.1.4 [PSI_L].
Updated 2.4.2.15.2 [Core Maximum P-State Transition Sequence After Warm Reset].
Updated 2.4.2.15.3 [Core Minimum P-State Transition Sequence After Warm Reset].
Clarified 2.6.4.2.5 [Display Refresh And IFCM].
Clarified Table 94.
Updated F3xDC[CacheFlushOnHaltTmr].
Updated 1.4 [Definitions].
Updated Table 2.
Updated Table 5.
Updated 2.4.2.9 [BIOS Northbridge COF and VID Configuration].
Updated 2.4.2.9.1 [BIOS NB COF and VID Configuration for SVI and Single-Plane PVI Systems].
Clarified 2.4.4 [ACPI Suspend to RAM State (S3)].
Updated 2.9.4 [Timers].
Updated 2.12.1.7 [Scrub Rate Considerations].
Updated F3x44[NbMcaToMstCpuEn].
Clarified F3x58.
Updated F3x64[HtcEn].
Updated Table 100.
Updated F3xA0[NbPstateForce].
Updated F3xD4[NbClkDiv].
Clarified MSR0000_0010[TSC].
Clarified MSR0000_0417.
Corrected 2.8.9.7 [Phy Fence programming].
Clarified 2.16.2 [Instruction Based Sampling (IBS)].
16
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
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Clarified F2x[1, 0]7C[EnDramInit], F2x[1, 0]90[InitDram].
Corrected F2x[1, 0]8C[Twrwr].
Updated F2x[1, 0]A8[OdtSwizzle].
Added 2.6.4.2.5.1 [Recommended Buffer Count Settings for Single Link Processors].
Added 2.6.4.2.5.2 [Recommended Buffer Count Settings for Multi-link Processors].
Updated 2.8.9.4 [SPD ROM-Based Configuration].
Clarified 2.8.9.5.1 [Trdrd (Read to Read Timing)], 2.8.9.5.2 [Twrwr (Write to Write Timing)], 2.8.9.5.3
[Twrrd (Write to Read DIMM Termination Turn-around)], 2.8.9.5.4 [TrwtTO (Read-to-Write Turnaround for Data, DQS Contention)].
• Updated 2.8.9.9.5.1 [MaxRdLatency Training].
• Updated F0x[F0, D0, B0, 90].
• Clarified F3x1E8.
Revision 3.18 To Revision 3.20 Changes
• Updated 2.4.2.13.4 [_PSD (P-State Dependency)].
• Clarified 2.4.2.15.4 [NB COF and VID Transition Sequence After Warm Reset].
• Updated or added the following sections to include support for AM3 dual-plane only processors:
• 2.4.2.6 [BIOS Requirements for P-State Initialization and Transitions].
• 2.4.2.7 [BIOS Configuration for Dual-plane Only Support].
• 2.4.2.9.1 [BIOS NB COF and VID Configuration for SVI and Single-Plane PVI Systems].
• 2.4.2.9.2 [BIOS NB COF and VID Configuration for Dual-Plane PVI Systems]
• Clarified 2.4.2.13.2 [_PSS (Performance Supported States)] and F3xD4[PowerStepUp].
• Updated 2.7.7 [LDTSTOP Requirements].
• Updated Table 32.
• Clarified F0x[F0, D0, B0, 90][LockBc].
• Clarified F0x[14C:130][RetryModeEn] and F0x[18C:170][ScrambleEn].
• Clarified F2x[1, 0]94[ProcOdtDis].
• Clarified F3x58.
• Updated F3x74.
• Updated F3xD8[TdpVid].
• Added F3x1FC[DualPlaneOnly].
• Added EventSelect 1CFh.
• Clarified EventSelect 0F6h.
Revision 3.06 To Revision 3.18 Changes
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Initial public release for revision C.
Clarified F2x[1, 0]88[MemClkDis].
Clarified F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]0[2:1], F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]0[6:5], and F2x[1, 0]9C_x[4A:30].
Updated F3xA0[PllLockTime].
Updated 2.7.10 [Miscellaneous Behaviors and Requirements].
Updated 2.8.9.6.1 [Software DDR2 Device Initialization].
Updated 2.12.1.5.1 [Common Diagnosis Information].
Updated F0x[F0, D0, B0, 90], F3x6C, F3x74, and F3x140.
Clarified F2x[1, 0][5C:40][TestFail].
Clarified MSR0000_017B.
Updated CPUID Fn0000_0001_ECX[31].
Clarified 2.3.1 [BSP initialization] and 2.3.2 [AP initialization].
Updated 2.4.2.13.4 [_PSD (P-State Dependency)].
Updated 2.8.9.5.7 [DRAM ODT Control].
17
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Corrected 2.8.9.6.1 [Software DDR2 Device Initialization].
Updated 2.8.9.9.1 [Write Levelization Training].
Updated 2.8.9.9.2 [DQS Receiver Enable Training].
Corrected 2.8.9.9.4 [ECC Byte Lane Training].
Updated 2.12.1.2.1 [Machine Check Error Logging and Reporting].
Added 2.12.1.3 [MCA Initialization].
Updated F0x16C[ForceFullT0].
Clarified F0x[18C:170][LS2En].
Clarified F1x[BC:80].
Updated F2x[1, 0]78[MaxRdLatency].
Clarified F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode].
Updated F3x5C[ScrubAddrLo] and F3x60[ScrubAddrHi].
Updated F3x1[78, 70, 68, 60][IntType].
Updated EventSelect 165h.
Updated F2x[1, 0]90[PendRefPayback].
Updated F2x[1, 0]9C_x08[WrLvOdt].
Clarified F3x58.
Updated Table 53.
Updated Table 56.
Updated 2.8.9.6.1 [Software DDR2 Device Initialization].
Clarified Table 81.
Clarified F0x150.
Updated F2x[1, 0]98.
Updated F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]0[6:5].
Updated MSRC001_00[68:64][NbDid].
Clarified MSRC001_1037[IbsDcMissLat].
Clarified EventSelect 0CBh.
Updated 2.4.1.4 [PSI_L].
Updated 2.5.1 [ACPI Power State Transitions].
Updated 2.8.9.5.7 [DRAM ODT Control].
Updated 2.12.1.4 [Handling Machine Check Exceptions].
Clarified F3x44[GenCrcErrByte1, GenCrcErrByte0].
Updated F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[DF, CF].
Updated MSR0000_0400.
Updated MSRC000_0081 to MSRC000_0102 reset values.
Clarified MSR0000_0401[CECC, UECC], Table 106, Table 107.
Clarified 2.8.9.6 [DRAM Device and Controller Initialization].
Clarified 2.2.1 [Mixed Stepping].
Updated 2.4.1.4 [PSI_L].
Clarified 2.4.3 [C-states].
Updated 2.5.1 [ACPI Power State Transitions].
Clarified 2.6.4.2.5 [Display Refresh And IFCM].
Updated 2.8.9.6.2.1 [Software Control Word Initialization] and Table 66
Clarified 2.9.3.1.2 [Determining The Access Destination for CPU Accesses].
Clarified 2.12.1.4 [Handling Machine Check Exceptions].
Clarified 2.12.2.1 [Multi-Beat Interleaving for Unganged Mode].
Clarified F0x[F0, D0, B0, 90].
Clarified F0x150.
Updated F1x110.
Corrected F1x114_x2.
Clarified F3x1A0[L3FreeListCBC].
18
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Clarified MSRC001_0015[TlbCacheDis].
Clarified MSRC001_00[49:44].
Updated 2.7.10 [Miscellaneous Behaviors and Requirements].
Updated 2.8.9.9.1.1 [Write Leveling Seed Value].
Corrected 2.8.9.9.3 [DQS Position Training].
Corrected 2.8.9.9.4 [ECC Byte Lane Training].
Clarified F2x[1, 0]84[PchgPDModeSel].
Updated F2x[1, 0]88[Tcl].
Updated F2x[1, 0]8C[Trdrd, TrwtTO].
Clarified F2x[1, 0]90[ForceAutoPchg]
Clarified F2x[1, 0]94[PowerDownMode, FourRankRDimm, DisDramInterface, ZqcsInterval].
Corrected F2x[1, 0]98[DctAccessWrite].
Corrected F2x[1, 0]9C_x04.
Updated F2x[1, 0]9C_x08[DisAutoComp].
Clarified F3xB0[BadDramCs0, SwapEn0].
Clarified F3xF8_x4[MceEn].
Updated 2.3.3 [Using L2 Cache as General Storage During Boot].
Updated 2.4.2.4 [P-state Bandwidth Requirements].
Updated 2.7.7 [LDTSTOP Requirements].
Updated Table 33.
Corrected Table 55.
Corrected 2.8.9 [DCT/DRAM Initialization], 2.8.9.9.1 [Write Levelization Training], and 2.8.9.9.1.1
[Write Leveling Seed Value].
Clarified 2.12.1.7 [Scrub Rate Considerations].
Updated F0x68[BufRelPri].
Updated F0x150 recommended values.
Updated F0x16C[InLnSt].
Updated F0x[18C:170][ILMEn, BistEn, LS2En].
Corrected F2x[1, 0]94[PowerDownMode].
Corrected F2x[1, 0]9C_x00[ClkDrvStren].
Updated F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D4, C4].
Clarified MSRC001_0015[LimitCpuidStdMaxVal].
Clarified MSRC001_1036[NbIbsReqDstProc] and MSRC001_1037[IbsDcMabHit].
Clarified EventSelect 067h.
Updated 2.7.1.2 [Ganging Detection And Control].
Clarified 2.8.8 [DRAM Data Burst Mapping].
Added 2.13.2.10 [Multiple Unsynchronized SMI Sources].
Clarified F2x[1, 0]7C[SendMrsCmd].
Clarified F3xD4[PowerStepUp].
Corrected APIC[530:500] reset value.
Clarified MSRC001_1022[REQ_CTR].
Updated 2.4.1 [Processor Power Planes And Voltage Control].
Clarified 2.7.10 [Miscellaneous Behaviors and Requirements].
Corrected 2.8.6 [Routing DRAM Requests].
Clarified 2.8.9.5 [Non-SPD ROM-Based Configuration].
Clarified 2.8.10.1 [Chip Select Interleaving].
Clarified F2x[1, 0][5C:40][OnDimmMirror].
Clarified F2x[1, 0]8C[DisAutoRefresh].
Clarified F2x[1, 0]94[BankSwizzleMode, ZqcsInterval].
Updated F2x110[DctSelIntLvAddr].
Clarified MSRC001_00[68:64][NbDid].
19
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Added 2.4.2.10 [Processor-Systemboard Power Removal Check].
Updated 2.4.2.15.2 [Core Maximum P-State Transition Sequence After Warm Reset].
Updated 2.4.2.15.3 [Core Minimum P-State Transition Sequence After Warm Reset].
Clarified 2.4.2.15.4 [NB COF and VID Transition Sequence After Warm Reset].
Clarified 2.4.4 [ACPI Suspend to RAM State (S3)].
Clarified 2.14.1 [BIOS support for SVM Disable].
Updated Table 82.
Clarified F3x44[IoRdDatErrEn, CpuRdDatErrEn].
Clarified F3xD8[TdpVid].
Added MSRC001_102A[ThrottleNbInterface].
Updated EventSelect 08Ch.
Clarified 1.4 [Definitions].
Clarified 2.8.9.6.2 [Software DDR3 Device Initialization].
Updated 2.12.1.4 [Handling Machine Check Exceptions].
Added 2.12.1.5 [Error Diagnosis].
Clarified 2.12.1.6 [Error Thresholding]
Updated 2.12.2 [DRAM Considerations for ECC].
Corrected Figure 15.
Corrected F1x[1, 0][7C:40][DramBase, IntlvEn] reset values.
Clarified F2x[1, 0]7C[DeassertMemRstX].
Clarified F2x[1, 0]94[DisDramInterface].
Updated F2x[1, 0]9C_x0C.
Updated F3x44 and F3x180 recommendations.
Corrected Table 92 and Table 94 PCC setting for Link Data Error.
Clarified F3x180[DisPciCfgCpuMstAbtRsp].
Corrected MSRC001_00[07:04][CTR].
Revision 3.00 To Revision 3.06 Changes
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Updated MSRC001_0070[NbDid].
Clarified 2.4.4 [ACPI Suspend to RAM State (S3)].
Clarified 2.8.9.6 [DRAM Device and Controller Initialization].
Clarified 2.8.9.6.1 [Software DDR2 Device Initialization].
Clarified 2.8.9.6.2 [Software DDR3 Device Initialization].
Updated 2.8.9.8 [DRAM Channel Frequency Change].
Corrected 2.9.3.1.2 [Determining The Access Destination for CPU Accesses].
Clarified F2x[1, 0]7C[EnDramInit].
Clarified F2x[1, 0]9C_x04 programming requirements.
Clarified F3x44[DisPciCfgCpuErrRsp].
Clarified F3x180[DisPciCfgCpuMstAbtRsp].
Clarified 2.4.2.12.2 [Mixed Frequency and Power P-State Configuration Rules].
Updated 2.4.2.12.3 [Mixed Frequency and Power P-State Configuration Sequence].
Updated 2.4.2.15.2 [Core Maximum P-State Transition Sequence After Warm Reset].
Updated 2.4.2.15.3 [Core Minimum P-State Transition Sequence After Warm Reset].
Clarified 2.6.6 [Memory Scrubbers].
Added 2.12.1.7 [Scrub Rate Considerations].
Clarified 2.12.2 [DRAM Considerations for ECC].
Clarified F3x40[UECC, CECC].
Clarified F3x4C.
Clarified F3x58.
Clarified MSRC001_0015[McStatusWrEn].
20
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Added BSC to 1.4 [Definitions].
Clarified 2.3 [Processor Initialization].
Clarified 2.4.2.12.2 [Mixed Frequency and Power P-State Configuration Rules].
Updated 2.4.2.15.3 [Core Minimum P-State Transition Sequence After Warm Reset].
Updated 2.4.4 [ACPI Suspend to RAM State (S3)].
Clarified F2x[1, 0]94[PowerDownMode].
Updated F3xD8[VSSlamTime].
Clarified F3xF0.
Updated CPUID Fn8000_0006[ECX].
Updated 2.8.9.2 [Phy and Controller Mode Configuration].
Clarified 2.13.1 [Local APIC].
Clarified 2.13.1.11 [State at Reset].
Updated F3x44[WDTBaseSel].
Added F3x1EC_x[FF:01].
Updated F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D4, C4]
Clarified APICF0[APICSWEn].
Clarified MSR0000_001B[ApicEn].
Updated EventSelect 0E0h.
Added TDP to 1.4 [Definitions].
Updated Table 2.
Updated 2.3.3 [Using L2 Cache as General Storage During Boot].
Updated 2.7.10 [Miscellaneous Behaviors and Requirements].
Updated 2.8.9.3 [Phy compensation initialization].
Clarified RDQS in 2.8.9.6.1 [Software DDR2 Device Initialization].
Clarified TDQS in 2.8.9.6.2 [Software DDR3 Device Initialization].
Updated 2.8.9.9.2 [DQS Receiver Enable Training].
Updated 2.8.9.9.3 [DQS Position Training].
Clarified 2.9.2 [CPU Cores and Downcoring].
Updated 2.12.1.6 [Error Thresholding]
Updated 2.12.2 [DRAM Considerations for ECC].
Updated F0x16C[ForceFullT0] BIOS recommendation.
Clarified F2x[1, 0]88[Trtp].
Clarified F2x[1, 0]94[RDqsEn].
Updated F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]0[2:1] and F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]03.
Updated F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]0[6:5] and F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]07.
Clarified F3xD4.
Added F3xD8[TdpVid].
Updated F3x1[78, 70, 68, 60].
Clarified MSR0000_0410, MSR0000_0411, MSR0000_0412.
Updated MSR0000_0413.
Added MSRC001_001F[DisXdsBypass].
Clarified MSRC001_102A[ClLinesToNbDis].
Added MSRC001_102A[FrcWTMemTypToWPDis].
Updated 1.5.2 [Major Changes Relative to Family 0Fh Processors].
Updated 2.4.1 [Processor Power Planes And Voltage Control].
Clarified 2.4.2 [P-states].
Updated 2.4.2.9.1 [BIOS NB COF and VID Configuration for SVI and Single-Plane PVI Systems].
Updated 2.4.2.15.2 [Core Maximum P-State Transition Sequence After Warm Reset].
Updated F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][LdtStopTriEn].
Updated F3xE8[MpCap].
Clarified APIC340 behavior.
21
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
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Updated F2x11C[MctPrefReqLimit] and F3x78[RspDBC] requirements.
Updated MSRC001_0114 field definitions.
Updated 1.2 [Reference Documents].
Updated 2.3.3 [Using L2 Cache as General Storage During Boot].
Clarified 2.4.2.12.2 [Mixed Frequency and Power P-State Configuration Rules].
Clarified 2.4.2.13 [ACPI Processor P-State Objects].
Updated 2.4.4 [ACPI Suspend to RAM State (S3)].
Clarified F2x11C recommendation to enable prefetcher.
Updated Table 100 C1E setting.
Updated MSRC001_102A[ClLinesToNbDis].
Added IOMMU to 1.4 [Definitions].
Updated 2.4.2.11 [Processor-Systemboard Power Delivery Compatibility Check].
Updated Table 42.
Updated 2.8.9.9.5.1 [MaxRdLatency Training].
Updated 2.8.12 [On-Line Spare].
Updated 2.9.3.1.2 [Determining The Access Destination for CPU Accesses] with programming notes for
cacheable IO.
• Updated 2.12.1.6 [Error Thresholding].
• Updated Table 82. Added Write-only attribute.
• Added F2x[1, 0]78[ChSetupSync].
• Updated F3x40[ProtEn].
• Updated Table 92 Protocol Error.
• Updated Table 93 and Table 94 with combined link and L3 protocol errors.
• Corrected Table 94: L3 Cache LRU Error/Syndrome Valid.
• Updated Table 96 with contents of table MCA NB Address Low Register encoding for L3 Protocol
Errors
• Clarified F3x140 IsocPreqTok requirements for display refresh mode.
• Updated F3x180[SnycOnProtEn].
• Added F3x1FC[SinglePlaneNbIdd].
• Updated F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80][LinkPhyOffset] to be 10 bits
• Added MSR0000_02FF[MtrrDefTypeFixEn] access rule.
• Added NBC, XBAR, and updated WDT in 1.4 [Definitions].
• Added 2.3.6 [SLIT and SRAT].
• Updated 2.6.2 [The GART].
• Updated 2.8.6 [Routing DRAM Requests].
• Added 2.8.7 [DRAM Controller Direct Response Mode].
• Updated 2.8.8 [DRAM Data Burst Mapping].
• Updated 2.8.9.5.1 [Trdrd (Read to Read Timing)].
• Updated 2.8.9.5.2 [Twrwr (Write to Write Timing)].
• Updated 2.8.9.5.3 [Twrrd (Write to Read DIMM Termination Turn-around)].
• Updated 2.8.9.5.4 [TrwtTO (Read-to-Write Turnaround for Data, DQS Contention)].
• Added MC5 to 2.12.1.2.2 [Error Overflow], and to Table 74.
• Added 2.12.1.8 [Error Injection and Simulation].
• Updated 2.13.1.3 [Interrupt Delivery] with sentence from 2.13.1.3 [Interrupt Delivery].
• Clarify effect of F3x44[NbMcaToMstCpuEn] in multi-core processors.
• Updated Table 92 on page 294.
• Updated Table 99 on page 303.
• Updated F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D5, C5] description with how to determine the appropriate deemphasis
setting.
• Updated APIC[1F0:180][TriggerModeBits] description.
Revision 3.00
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
• Initial public release.
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
1
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Overview
The AMD family 10h processor (in this document referred to as the processor) is a processing unit that supports x86-based instruction sets. The processor includes (a) independent central processing unit cores (referred
to as cores), (b) high-speed communication interfaces (referred to as links) that may be configured for HyperTransport™ technology (referred to as IO links) or for AMD-proprietary inter-processor communication
(referred to as coherent links), and (c) double-data rate 2 (DDR2) or 3 (DDR3) system memory DRAM interfaces.
AMD family 10h processors are distinguished by the combined ExtFamily and BaseFamily fields of the
CPUID instruction (see CPUID Fn[8000_0001, 0000_0001]_EAX in section 3.9 [CPUID Instruction Registers]).
1.1
Intended Audience
This document provides the processor behavioral definition and associated design notes. It is intended for platform designers and for programmers involved in the development of low-level BIOS (basic input/output system) functions, drivers, and operating system kernel modules. It assumes prior experience in personal
computer platform design, microprocessor programming, and legacy x86 and AMD64 microprocessor architecture. The reader should also have familiarity with various platform technologies, such as DDR DRAM.
1.2
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Reference Documents
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) Specification. www.acpi.info.
AMD64 Architecture Programmer's Manual Volume 1: Application Programming, #24592.
AMD64 Architecture Programmer's Manual Volume 2: System Programming, #24593.
AMD64 Architecture Programmer's Manual Volume 3: Instruction-Set Reference, #24594.
AMD64 Architecture Programmer's Manual Volume 4: 128-Bit Media Instructions, #26568.
AMD64 Architecture Programmer's Manual Volume 5: 64-Bit Media and x87 Floating-Point Instructions,
#26569.
CPUID Specification, #25481.
Software Optimization Guide for AMD Family 10h Processors, #40546.
Revision Guide for AMD Family 10h Processors, #41322
AMD I/O Virtualization Technology (IOMMU) Specification, #34434.
HyperTransport™ I/O Link Specification. www.hypertransport.org.
JEDEC standards. www.jedec.org
PCI local bus specification. www.pcisig.org.
System Management Bus (SMBus) specification. www.smbus.org.
1.3
1.3.1
Conventions
Numbering
• Binary numbers. Binary numbers are indicated by appending a “b” at the end, e.g., 0110b.
• Decimal numbers. Unless specified otherwise, all numbers are decimal. Note: this rule does not apply to the
register mnemonics described in section 3.1 [Register Descriptions and Mnemonics]; register mnemonics all
utilize hexadecimal numbering.
• Hexadecimal numbers. hexadecimal numbers are indicated by appending an “h” to the end, e.g., 45f8h.
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
• Underscores in numbers. Underscores are used to break up numbers to make them more readable. They do
not imply any operation. E.g., 0110_1100b.
1.3.2
Arithmetic And Logical Operators
In this document, formulas follow some Verilog conventions for logic equations.
{}
|
&
^
~
==
!=
<=
>=
*
Curly brackets are used to indicate a group of bits that are concatenated together. Each set of bits is
separated by a comma. E.g., {Addr[3:2], Xlate[3:0]} represents a 6-bit value; the two MSBs are
Addr[3:2] and the four LSBs are Xlate[3:0].
Logical OR operator.
Logical AND operator.
Logical exclusive-OR operator; sometimes used as “raised to the power of” as well, as indicated by
the context in which it is used.
Logical NOT operator.
Logical “is equal to” operator.
Logical “is not equal to” operator.
Less than or equal operator.
Greater than or equal operator.
Arithmetic multiplied-by operator.
The order in which logical operators are applied is: ~ first, & second, and | last.
For example, the equation:
Output[3:0] = {A[1:0], B[3:2]} & C[3:0] | ~D[3:0] & E[9:6],
is translated as:
Output[3] = (A[1] & C[3]) | (~D[3] & E[9]);
Output[2] = (A[0] & C[2]) | (~D[2] & E[8]);
Output[1] = (B[3] & C[1]) | (~D[1] & E[7]);
Output[0] = (B[2] & C[0]) | (~D[0] & E[6]);
1.4
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Definitions
AP. Application processor. See 2.3 [Processor Initialization].
APML. Advanced Platform Management Link. See 2.12.3 [Sideband Interface (SBI)].
BCS. Base configuration space. See 2.11 [Configuration Space].
BERT. Bit error rate tester. A piece of test equipment that generates arbitrary test patterns and checks that a
device under test returns them without errors.
BIST. Built-in self-test. Hardware within the processor that generates test patterns and verifies that they are
stored correctly (in the case of memories) or received without error (in the case of links).
Boot VID. Boot voltage ID. This is the VDD and VDDNB voltage level that the processor requests from the
external voltage regulator during the initial phase of the cold boot sequence.
BSC. Boot strap core. Core 0 of the BSP. Specified by MSR0000_001B[BSC].
BSP. Boot strap processor. See 2.3 [Processor Initialization].
C0, C1, C2, and C3. These are ACPI-defined core power states. C0 is operational. C1 is when the core is in
halt. C2 and C3 are stop-grant states. See 2.4 [Power Management].
C1E. C1 enhanced state. Power-savings mode that is employed when all cores of a CMP processor are in the
halt state. See [The Interrupt Pending and CMP-Halt Register] MSRC001_0055.
Canonical address. An address in which the state of the most-significant implemented bit is duplicated in all
the remaining higher-order bits, up to bit 63.
Channel. See DRAM channel.
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• Channel interleaved mode. Mode in which DRAM address space is interleaved between DRAM channels.
See 2.8.10 [Memory Interleaving Modes].
• Chipkill ECC. An error correcting code which can recover from DRAM device failures. See 2.12.2 [DRAM
Considerations for ECC].
• CMP. Chip multi-processing. Refers to processors that include multiple cores. See 2.1 [Processor Overview].
• Coherent fabric. The coherent fabric includes the DRAM controllers and caches of the system. Normally,
this refers to the nodes, system memory, and coherent links used for communication between the nodes. See
2.2 [System Overview].
• Coherent link or coh link. A link configured for coherent inter-processor traffic between nodes.
• COF. Current operating frequency of a given clock domain. See 2.4.2 [P-states].
• Cold reset. PWROK is deasserted and RESET_L is asserted. See 2.3 [Processor Initialization].
• CPU or CPU core. The instruction execution unit(s) of the processor. See 2.1 [Processor Overview].
• CpuCoreNum. Specifies the core number. See 2.9.2 [CPU Cores and Downcoring].
• CPUID function X. Refers to the CPUID instruction when EAX is preloaded with X. See 3.9 [CPUID
Instruction Registers].
• CS. Chip select. See F2x[1, 0][5C:40] [DRAM CS Base Address Registers].
• DC coupled. Refers to the method used for link termination. See 2.7.2 [Termination and Compensation].
• DCQ. DRAM controller queue.
• DCT. DRAM controller. See 2.8 [DRAM Controllers (DCTs)].
• DEV. DMA exclusion vector. See 2.6.3 [DMA Exclusion Vectors (DEV)].
• DID. Divisor identifier. Specifies the post-PLL divisor used to reduce the COF. See 2.4.2 [P-states].
• Display refresh. Traffic used for display refresh in UMA systems. See 2.6.4.2.5 [Display Refresh And
IFCM].
• Doubleword. A 32-bit value.
• Downcoring. Removal of cores. See 2.9.2 [CPU Cores and Downcoring].
• DR. Dual rank DIMM.
• DRAM channel. The part of the DRAM interface that connects to a 64-bit DIMM. For example, a processor
with a 128-bit DRAM interface is said to support two DRAM channels. See 2.8 [DRAM Controllers
(DCTs)].
• DS. Downstream. Refers to the direction of data on a link.
• Dual-Plane. Refers to a processor or systemboard where VDD and VDDNB are separate and may operate at
independent voltage levels. Refer to 2.4.1 [Processor Power Planes And Voltage Control].
• DW or DWORD. Doubleword. A 32-bit value.
• ECS. Extended configuration space. See 2.11 [Configuration Space].
• EDS. Electrical data sheet. See 1.2 [Reference Documents].
• FDS. Functional data sheet; there is one FDS for each package type. See 1.2 [Reference Documents].
• FID. Frequency identifier. Specifies the PLL frequency multiplier for a given clock domain. See 2.4.2 [Pstates].
• Ganged. A link, memory channel, or voltage regulator in which all portions are controlled as one.
• Gen1. Refers to older revisions of the link specification and, in particular, link data rates from 0.4 to 2.0
GT/s. See 2.7 [Links].
• Gen3. Refers to revision 3.00 of the link specification and, in particular, link data rates from 2.4 to 5.2 GT/s.
See 2.7 [Links].
• #GP. A general-protection exception.
• #GP(0). Notation indicating a general-protection exception (#GP) with error code of 0.
• GT/s. Giga-transfers per second.
• HTC. Hardware thermal control. See 2.10.3.1 [PROCHOT_L and Hardware Thermal Control (HTC)].
• HTC-active state. Hardware-controlled lower-power, lower-performance state used to reduce temperature.
See 2.10.3.1 [PROCHOT_L and Hardware Thermal Control (HTC)].
• I2C. Protocol on which the SVI interface timing is based. See 2.4.1 [Processor Power Planes And Voltage
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Control], and section 1.2 [Reference Documents].
IBS. Instruction based sampling. See 2.16.2 [Instruction Based Sampling (IBS)].
IFCM. Isochronous flow-control mode, as defined in the HyperTransport™ I/O Link Specification. See
2.6.4.2.5 [Display Refresh And IFCM].
ILM. Internal loopback mode. Mode in which the link receive lanes are connected directly to the transmit
lanes of the same link for testing and characterization. See [The Link Extended Control Registers]
F0x[18C:170].
Inactive lane. The inactive lanes of a link are the unused upper lanes when the operating link width is lower
than the maximum link width. See the HyperTransport™ I/O Link Specification.
IO configuration. Access to configuration space through IO ports CF8h and CFCh. See 2.11 [Configuration
Space].
IO Hub. This is the platform device that contains the bridge to the system BIOS.
IOMMU. AMD I/O Virtualization Technology. See the AMD I/O Virtualization Technology Specification.
IO link. A link configured for non-coherent traffic, per the HyperTransport™ I/O Link Specification.
IORRs. IO range registers. See [The IO Range Registers Base (IORR_BASE[1:0])] MSRC001_00[18, 16].
Isoc. Isochronous. Isochronous is defined by the link specification.
L1 caches. The level 1 caches of the core including the instruction cache and the data cache.
L2 cache. The level 2 cache of each core.
L3 cache. The level 3 cache that is shared by each of the cores.
Link. Generic term that may refer to an IO link or a coherent link.
LINT. Local interrupt.
Logical DIMM. Either one 64-bit DIMM or two identical DIMMs in parallel to create a 128-bit interface.
See 2.8 [DRAM Controllers (DCTs)].
LVT. Local vector table. A collection of APIC registers that define interrupts for local events. E.g., [The
Extended Interrupt [3:0] Local Vector Table Registers] APIC[530:500].
Master abort. This is a PCI-defined term that is applied to transactions on other than PCI busses. It indicates
that the transaction is terminated without affecting the intended target; reads return all 1’s; writes are discarded; the master abort error code is returned in the response, if applicable; master abort error bits are set if
applicable.
MCQ. Memory controller queue. See 2.6.1 [Northbridge (NB) Architecture].
MCT. Memory controller. See 2.6.1 [Northbridge (NB) Architecture].
MEMCLK. Refers to the clock signals, M[B, A][3:0]_CLK, that are driven from the processor to DDR
DIMMs.
MMIO. Memory-mapped input-output range. This is physical address space that is mapped to the IO functions such as the IO links or MMIO configuration. The IO link MMIO ranges are specified by [The Memory
Mapped IO Base/Limit Registers] F1x[BC:80].
MMIO configuration. Access to configuration space through memory space. See 2.11 [Configuration
Space].
MOF. Maximum operating frequency of the core(s). Normally this is the core COF in P-state 0. See 2.4.2 [Pstates].
MSR. Model specific register. The CPU includes several MSRs for general configuration and control. See
3.10 [MSRs - MSR0000_xxxx] for the beginning of the MSR register definitions.
MTRR. Memory-type range register. The MTRRs specify the type of memory associated with various memory ranges. See MSR0000_00FE, MSR0000_02[0F:00], MSR0000_02[6F:68, 59, 58, 50], and
MSR0000_02FF.
NB. Northbridge. The transaction routing block of the node. See 2.1 [Processor Overview].
NBC. Node Base Core. The lowest numbered core in the node.
NCLK. The main Northbridge clock. The NCLK frequency is the NB COF.
NFCM. Normal flow control mode. This is the flow control mode when neither Display Refresh nor IFCM
are in use. See 2.6.4.2.5 [Display Refresh And IFCM].
Node ID. The identifier assigned to each node, [The Node ID Register] F0x60[NodeId].
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Node. See 2.1 [Processor Overview].
Normalized address. Addresses used by DCTs. See 2.6.1 [Northbridge (NB) Architecture].
Octword. A 128-bit value.
ODM. On-DIMM mirroring. See F2x[1, 0][5C:40][OnDimmMirror].
ODT. On-die termination, which is applied DRAM interface signals.
ODTS. DRAM On-die thermal sensor.
Operational frequency. The frequency at which the processor operates. See 2.4 [Power Management].
PDS. Product data sheet. See 1.2 [Reference Documents].
PRBS. Pseudo-random bit sequence.
Probe filter. See 2.6.5.1 [Probe Filter].
Processor. See 2.1 [Processor Overview].
PSI. Power Status Indicator. See 2.4.1.4 [PSI_L].
P-state. Performance state. See 2.4 [Power Management].
PTE. Page table entry.
PVI. Parallel VID interface. See 2.4.1 [Processor Power Planes And Voltage Control].
QR. Quad rank DIMM.
Quadword. A 64-bit value.
RAS. Reliability, availability and serviceability (industry term). See 2.12 [RAS and Advanced Server Features].
RX. Receiver.
SBI. Sideband Interface. Also referred to as APML. See 2.12.3 [Sideband Interface (SBI)].
Scrubber. Background memory checking logic. See 2.6.6 [Memory Scrubbers].
Shutdown. A state in which the affected core waits for either INIT, RESET, or NMI. When shutdown state is
entered, a shutdown special cycle is sent on the IO links.
Single-Plane. Refers to a processor or systemboard where VDD and VDDNB are tied together and operate
at the same voltage level. Refer to 2.4.1 [Processor Power Planes And Voltage Control].
Slam. Refers to change the voltage to a new value in one step (as opposed to stepping). See 2.4.1.8 [Hardware-Initiated Voltage Transitions].
SMAF. System management action field. This is the code passed from the SMC to the processors in STPCLK assertion messages. The action taken by the processors in response to this message is specified by [The
ACPI Power State Control Registers] F3x[84:80].
SMBus. System management bus. Refers to the protocol on which the serial VID interface (SVI) commands
and SBI are based. See 2.4.1 [Processor Power Planes And Voltage Control], 2.12.3 [Sideband Interface
(SBI)], and section 1.2 [Reference Documents].
SMC. System management controller. This is the platform device that communicates system management
state information to the processor through an IO link, typically the system IO hub.
SMI. System management interrupt. See 2.13.2.1 [SMM Overview].
SMM. System management mode. See 2.13.2 [System Management Mode (SMM)].
Southbridge. Same as IO hub.
Speculative event. A performance monitor event counter that counts all occurrences of the event even if the
event occurs during speculative code execution.
SR. Single rank DIMM.
STC. Software thermal control. See 2.10.3.2 [Software Thermal Control (STC)].
STC-active state. Software-controlled lower-power, lower-performance state used to reduce temperature.
See 2.10.3.2 [Software Thermal Control (STC)].
STC thermal zone. Temperature range which may be programmed to generate interrupts and special bus
cycles. See 2.10.3.2 [Software Thermal Control (STC)].
Sublink. An 8-bit-or-less (CAD) block of link signals of a link; each sublink of a link may connect to a different device. See 2.7 [Links].
SVI. Serial VID interface. See 2.4.1 [Processor Power Planes And Voltage Control].
SVM. secure virtual machine. See 2.14 [Secure Virtual Machine Mode (SVM)].
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• Sync flood. The propagation of continuous sync packets to all links. This is used to quickly stop the transmission of potentially bad data when there are no other means to do so. See the link specification for additional information.
• TCB. Trace capture buffer.
• TCC. Temperature calculation circuit. See 2.10 [Thermal Functions].
• Tctl. Processor temperature control value. See 2.10.3 [Temperature-Driven Logic].
• TDP. Thermal design power.
• Thermal diode. A diode connected to the THERMDA and THERMDC pins used for thermal measurements. See 2.10.2 [Thermal Diode].
• Token. A scheduler entry used in various Northbridge queues to track outstanding requests. See [The SRI to
XCS Token Count Register] F3x140 on Page 461.
• TX. Transmitter.
• UI. Unit interval. This is the amount of time equal to one half of a clock cycle.
• UMA. Unified memory architecture. This is a type of display device that uses a frame buffer located in main
memory.
• Unganged. A link, memory channel, or voltage regulator in which portions are controlled separately.
• US. Upstream. Refers to the direction of data on a link.
• VDD. Main power supply to the processor core logic.
• VDDNB. Main power supply to the processor NB logic.
• VID. Voltage level identifier. See 2.4.1 [Processor Power Planes And Voltage Control].
• Virtual CAS. The clock in which CAS is asserted for the burst, N, plus the burst length (in MEMCLKs),
minus 1; so the last clock of virtual CAS = N + BL/2 - 1.
• VRM. voltage regulator module.
• Warm reset. RESET_L is asserted only (while PWROK stays high). See 2.3 [Processor Initialization].
• WDT. Watchdog timer. A timer that detects activity and triggers an error if a specified period of time expires
without the activity. For example, see [The CPU Watchdog Timer Register (CpuWdTmrCfg)]
MSRC001_0074 or the NB watchdog timer in [The MCA NB Control Register] F3x40.
• XBAR. Crossbar; command packet switch. See 2.6.1 [Northbridge (NB) Architecture].
1.5
Changes Between Revisions and Product Variations
1.5.1
Revision Conventions
The processor revision is specified by [The Family, Model, Stepping Identifiers] CPUID Fn[8000_0001,
0000_0001]_EAX. This document uses a revision letter or two letter mnemonic followed by revision letter
instead of specific model numbers. The following table shows the relationship between revision and model.
Where applicable, the processor stepping is indicated after the revision letter. All behavior marked with a revision letter apply to future revisions unless they are superseded by a change in a later revision. See the Revision
Guide for AMD Family 10h Processors for additional information about revision determination.
Table 1: Processor revision conventions
Revision
B
C
RB-C
BL-C
DA-C
D
E
CPUID Fn[8000_0001, 0000_0001]_EAX[Model]
2h
4h, 5h, and 6h
4h
5h
6h
8h and 9h
Ah
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1.5.2
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Major Changes Relative to Family 0Fh Processors
• CPU core additions:
• Support for up to 6 cores per node in product variations.
• High-performance (128-bit internal data path) floating point unit (per core) in product variations.
• SSE4A instructions.
• Advanced bit manipulation (ABM) instructions.
• MWAIT and MONITOR instructions.
• Misaligned SSE mode.
• Power management state invariant time stamp counter (TSC).
• Number of extended LVT interrupts in APIC increased to 4.
• Increase in the number of large TLB page entries.
• 1 Gbyte large paging supported.
• Physical address space increased to 48 bits.
• All local sources of SMIs (including sources from the cores and from the NB) are broadcast to all cores
of all nodes in the system.
• Memory controller (MCT) and DRAM controllers (DCTs) additions:
• Support for DDR2/DDR3 DIMMs in product variations.
• DIMMs controlled through two independent DRAM controllers.
• Write burst and DRAM prefetching performance improvements.
• Read and write burst support, as required for DRAM training.
• Links and IO additions:
• HyperTransport™ 3.00 Technology, including support for DC-coupled mode.
• Link unganging support.
• Link-defined extended address capability to support up to 64-bit IO addresses.
• Link-defined UnitID clumping.
• Link-defined error retry.
• Link-defined isochronous flow control mode.
• Link-defined INTx support.
• Support for independent ordering between requests with different non-zero SeqID values.
• Support for 3.2 GHz link frequency for revision D and later.
• RAS-related additions:
• Core disable capability.
• New error thresholding support for errors associated with links, and the L3 cache; all the thresholding
registers are additionally accessible through configuration space.
• New configurable responses to link errors: data error to target abort; master abort to no error; configuration space master abort to no error; sync flood on data errors; sync flood on target aborts.
• Added another MCA bank for a CPU watchdog timer.
• MCA control mask registers control logging in addition to reporting of errors.
• Link protocol checking.
• Ability to convert machine check exceptions into vectored interrupts or SMIs.
• General Northbridge additions:
• Support for an L3 cache, shared between cores, in product variations.
• Probe filter to improve performance for revision D and later multi-processor systems.
• BIOS-initiated system memory clear command.
• MMIO-based access to configuration space and support for extended configuration space; this includes
support for SMI traps to these accesses as well.
• SMBus-based access to internal processor state called sideband interface (SBI) also referred to as APML
for revision D and later.
• Mode whereby the IO request response order matches the IO request order.
• VGA space decoding to MMIO-space mapping registers.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
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Support for multiple, simultaneous GART/DEV table walks.
Support for evenly distributed traffic in systems that connect multiple links between the same processors.
More DEV protection domains and a larger DEV cache.
Ability to support IOMMU chipsets (using IFCM) for revision D and later.
Ability to force all IO requests to system memory (except display refresh) to probe the cache, in support
of nested paging.
• Combined link status register for all links.
• Multi-node processor support for revision D and later.
• Power management:
• Simple “fire and forget” operating system interface for P-state changes.
• Separate core and Northbridge power and clock planes.
• PVI and SVI regulator interfaces.
• Support for up to 5 independent P-states for each core.
• Support for 2 Northbridge P-states for revision DA-C.
• Support for P-state limits controlled by sideband interface (SBI), thermal limits (HTC), or host software
(STC); used to limit the P-state requested by the operating system in order to reduce power.
• Core performance boost for revision E.
• Support for core alternate voltage (C5) for revision C3.
1.5.3
Changes For Revision C
See the following references for information about changes for this revision.
• Changes that may result in BIOS modifications.
• 2.7.1.3.1 [Unused Links].
• Table 86: support for 8Gb DDR3 devices.
• F2x[1, 0]78[EarlyArbEn].
• F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]0[2:1].
• F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]03.
• F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]0[6:5].
• F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]07.
• F2x[1, 0]9C_x0D.
• F2x[1, 0]9C_x[4A:30]
• F2x[1, 0]A8[DataTxFifoWrDly].
• F2x110[DctSelIntLvAddr].
• Table 100.
• F3x180[SyncFloodOnDramTempErr].
• F2x1B0.
• F3x1E4[LvtOffset].
• F3x1E8[SbiBankSel, SbiByteCnt].
• F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D5, C5][VML, MapPreToMargin, TxLs23ClkGateEn].
• F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[530A, 520A][DllAnalogOkIgnore].
• F4x1C4.
• MSRC001_102A[RdMmExtCfgQwEn].
• Other changes.
• F3x1EC[SbiRegDat3, SbiRegDat2, SbiRegDat1].
• F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D4, C4][VdcDacFine].
• F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[530A, 520A][AnalogWaitTime].
• F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x6[9, 8]84.
• F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D1, C1][LfxMax, LfcMin].
• F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D0, C0][RttIndex, RonIndex].
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CPUID Fn[8000_0000, 0000_0000]_EAX[LFuncExt].
CPUID Fn8000_0001_ECX[SKINIT, WDT].
CPUID Fn8000_000A[NRIPS].
CPUID Fn8000_0019.
CPUID Fn8000_001B.
MSRC001_1033[IbsOpCntCtl, IbsOpCurCnt].
MSRC001_1037[IbsDcL2tlbHit1G].
EventSelect 041h.
EventSelect 045h[3].
1.5.3.1
Changes for Revision DA-C
See the following references for information about changes for this revision.
• Changes that may result in BIOS modifications.
• 2.4.2.2 [NB P-states].
• Table 38.
• Table 51.
• F0x16C[InLnSt].
• F2x[1, 0]90[DisDllShutdownSR].
• Table 100.
• F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F0[F:0]30.
• F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F0[F:0]13.
• F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F2[F:0]30.
• F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0FE006.
• F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0FE007.
• F3xD4[NbClkDiv].
• F3x188[EnStpGntOnFlushMaskWakeup].
• F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D5, C5][TxLs23ClkGateEn].
• MSRC001_0055[C1eOnCmpHalt].
• MSRC001_001F[GfxNbPstateDis].
• Other changes.
• F2x[1, 0][5C:40].
• F2x[1, 0]88[MemClkDis].
• F2x[1, 0]9C_x0C[ODTTri, ChipSelTri].
• F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F0[F,8:0]0[8,4,0].
1.5.3.2
Changes for Revision C3
See the following references for information about changes between revision C models.
• Changes that may result in BIOS modifications.
• 2.4.3.5 [C5].
• F0x16C[FullT0Time, InLnSt].
• F2x10C.
• F3x[84:80].
• F3xA0[SviHighFreqSel].
• F3xDC[AltvidVSSlamTime, SlamTimeMode].
• F3x1F0[NbPstate]
• MSRC001_0055[C1eOnCmpHalt, IntrPndMsg, IntrPndMsgDis].
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Changes For Revision D
See the following references for information about changes for this revision.
• Changes that may result in BIOS modifications.
• 2.4.2.9 [BIOS Northbridge COF and VID Configuration].
• 2.4.2.9.1 [BIOS NB COF and VID Configuration for SVI and Single-Plane PVI Systems].
• 2.7.4 [Link Bandwidth Requirements].
• 2.7.7 [LDTSTOP Requirements].
• F0x6C[Tr0Double].
• F0x[F0, D0, B0, 90].
• F0x[FC, DC, BC, 9C].
• F0x160[CpuCnt].
• F0x168[Cpu5En, Cpu4En].
• F0x1A0[IntLnkRoute].
• F0x1E0.
• F2x[1, 0]88[MemClkDis].
• F2x[1, 0]94[MemClkFreq].
• F2x[1, 0]A4.
• F2x[1, 0]A8[ProgOdtEn].
• F2xAC.
• F2x[1, 0]F0, F2x[1, 0]F4.
• F2x11C[PrefThreeConf, DctWrLimit, MctPrefReqLimit].
• F2x1B0[DcqBwThrotWm, PrefFiveConf, PrefFourConf, SpecPrefThreshold, SpecPrefMis, SpecPrefDis, EnSplitDctLimits].
• F3x44[WDTDis].
• F3x78.
• F3xC4.
• F3xE8[MultiNodeCpu, IntNodeNum, CmpCap].
• F3x138 and F3x13C.
• F3x180[ChgUcToCeEn, EccSymbolSize, McaLogErrAddrWdtErr].
• F3x1A0[L3FreeListCBC, CpuCmdBufCnt].
• F3x1D4.
• F3x1FC.
• F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D4, C4][DfeEn, DfeVoltage].
• F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x144[ErrCntCtl].
• F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x148.
• F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x14C.
• F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x4[9:0][8, 0]6.
• F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x6[9:0][8, 0]0.
• F4x[FC, DC, BC, 9C].
• MSRC001_102A[ProbeFilterSupEn, ThrottleNbInterface].
• Other changes.
• F2x[1, 0]9C_x00[ProcOdt].
• F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F0[F,8:0]0[8,4,0].
• F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F0[F:0]13.
• F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F0[F:0]30.
• F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F2[F:0]30.
• F2xF8 and F2xFC.
• F3x4C[ErrCpuVal, ErrCpu].
• F3x50 and Table 96.
• F3xA4[CurTmp].
33
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
F3x1E8[SbiByteCnt, SbiBankSel].
F3x1EC[SbiRegDat3, SbiRegDat2, SbiRegDat1].
F4x1C8.
CPUID Fn8000_000A_EDX[PauseFilter].
MSRC001_001F[InitApicIdCpuIdLo].
MSRC001_0071[CurCpuVid].
EventSelect 4E0h.
EventSelect 4E1h.
EventSelect 4E2h.
EventSelect 4EDh.
1.5.4.1
Changes for Revision D1
See the following references for information about changes for this revision.
• Changes that may result in BIOS modifications.
• 2.4.3.3.5 [BIOS Requirements to Initialize Message Triggered C1E].
• F0x[18C:170][LS2En].
• F2x[1, 0]90[DisDllShutdownSR].
• F3x[84:80].
• F3xA0[BpPinsTriEn].
• F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D5, C5][TxLs23ClkGateEn].
1.5.4.1.1
Multi-node Processors
See the following references for information specific to multi-node processors.
• 2.6.4.2 [HyperTransport™ Technology Routing].
• 2.6.4.2.2 [NodeId Enumeration Requirements for Dual-node Processors].
• 2.7.1.5 [Link Mapping for Dual-Node Processors in the G34 Package].
• 2.8 [DRAM Controllers (DCTs)].
• 2.8.2 [DDR Pad to Processor Pin Mapping].
• 2.9.2 [CPU Cores and Downcoring].
• F0x[E8, C8, A8, 88][Freq[3:0]].
• F0x1A0[IntLnkRoute].
• F3x64.
• F3x68.
• F3xA4[CurTmp].
• F3xC4.
• F3xE8[IntNodeNum, MultiNodeCpu].
• F3x1E4.
• F3x1E8.
• F3x1EC.
• F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D5, C5].
• MSRC001_001F[InitApicIdCpuIdLo].
• MSRC001_0071[CurCpuVid].
• MSRC001_100C.
1.5.5
Changes for Revision E
See the following references for information about changes for this revision.
• Changes that may result in BIOS modifications.
• 2.4.2.1.1 [Core Performance Boost (CPB)].
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
• F2x[1, 0]90[DisDllShutdownSR].
• F2x10C.
• Table 100.
• F3xA4[PerStepTimeDn, TmpMaxDiffUp, PerStepTimeUp].
• F3xA8[PopDownPstate, CacheFlushPopDownEn].
• F3xDC[CacheFlushOnHaltTmr].
• F3x188[EnStpGntOnFlushMaskWakeup].
• F4x15C.
• F4x16C.
• F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D5, C5][TxLs23ClkGateEn].
• MSRC001_0055.
• MSRC001_0073.
• Other changes:
• 2.4.2.1.2 [Core P-state Naming and Numbering].
• 2.4.2.1.3 [Core P-state Control].
• F3x1F0[MaxSwPstateCpuCof].
• CPUID Fn[8000_0000, 0000_0000]_EAX[LFuncStd].
• CPUID Fn0000_0006.
• CPUID Fn8000_0007[CPB].
• MSR0000_00E7.
• MSR0000_00E8.
• MSRC001_0015[EffFreqCntMwait, CpbDis].
•
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
1.5.6
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Supported Feature Variations
The following table specifies the first revision of the processor that is expected to be productized for each feature (blank entries indicate that the feature is not supported) and the first revision of the processor a feature is
expected to be removed.
Table 2: Supported feature variations by revision
Feature
First Revision First Revision
Supported
Removed
D
B
B
C
C
D
B
D
B
D
D
C3
D1
C
B
D
D
B
C
C
D
B
D
E
DA-C and C3
D
B
D
B
6 cores in a single node
Unbuffered DDR2 DIMM interface up to 800 MT/s
Unbuffered DDR2 DIMM interface up to 1067 MT/s
Unbuffered DDR3 DIMM interface up to 1333 MT/s
Unbuffered DDR2/DDR3 SO-DIMMs
Registered DDR2 DIMM interface up to 800 MT/s
Registered DDR3 DIMM interface up to 1333 MT/s
DRAM x4 ECC symbol size
DRAM x8 ECC symbol size
DRAM thermal management and power capping
Low voltage DDR3 1.35V support up to 1067 MT/s
Low voltage DDR3 1.35V support up to 1333 MT/s
Gen3 link and retry DC-coupled mode (coherent links)
Gen3 link and retry DC-coupled mode (non-coherent links)
Link decision feedback equalization
Link unganging support
Narrow (2-bit and 4-bit) link
CRC insertion on Gen3 coherent links
Cache flush on Halt
Probe filter
SMBus-based sideband thermal sensor interface (SB-TSI)
SMBus-based sideband remote management interface (SB-RMI)
Core performance boost
Northbridge P-states
Single-plane compatible
Dual-plane compatible
Triple-plane compatible
SMI initiated C1E
B
Hardware initiated C1E (dual-core devices only)
DA-C
C3
Hardware initiated C1E (single and multi-core devices)
C3, E
D
C3 (single core devices only)
DA-C
C3
C5/Altvid
C3
D
1. AMD recommends using PROCHOT_L for thermal throttling and not implementing stop clock based
throttling.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table 2: Supported feature variations by revision
Feature
Message triggered C1E
Per-core IO-based C-states
Thermal clock throttling (SMC controlled)
First Revision First Revision
Supported
Removed
D1
E
B1
Isochronous flow control mode
C
Display refresh traffic
B
D
DEV capability
B
D
IOMMU compatible
D
3.4 MHz high speed SVI mode
C3
D
1. AMD recommends using PROCHOT_L for thermal throttling and not implementing stop clock based
throttling.
37
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
2
Functional Description
2.1
Processor Overview
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
The processor is a package that contains one or more nodes. A node, is an integrated circuit device that
includes (1) one to six cores, (2) up to four links for general-purpose communication to other devices, (3) one
or two 64-bit DDR DRAM interfaces for communication to system memory, and (4) one communication
packet routing block referred to as the Northbridge (NB).
-
Link 1
Link 2
Link 3
Link 4
1-to-6 C PU cores
x86 execution unit
L1 and L 2 caches
M SR registers
A PIC and registers
C PU ID registers
16 bit
N orthbridge (N B )
16 bit
- Transaction routing
16 bit - C onfiguration- and IO -space
registers
16 bit - L3 cache
DDR A
DDR B
Figure 1: A single-node processor.
-
Link 1
Link 2
DDR A
DDR B
1-to-6 CPU cores
x86 execution unit
L1 and L2 caches
MSR registers
APIC and registers
CPUID registers
-
1-to-6 CPU cores
x86 execution unit
L1 and L2 caches
MSR registers
APIC and registers
CPUID registers
16 bit
16 bit
Northbridge (NB) 0
16 bit - Transaction routing
- Configuration- and IO-space
registers
- L3 cache
Northbridge (NB) 1
- Transaction routing
- Configuration- and IO-space
registers
- L3 cache
16 bit
Link 3
Link 4
DDR C
DDR D
Figure 2: A dual-node processor.
Each core includes x86 instruction execution logic, a first-level (L1) data cache, a first-level instruction cache,
and a second level (L2) general-purpose cache. There is a set of model-specific registers (MSRs) and APIC
registers associated with each core. Nodes that include multiple cores are said to incorporate chip multi-processing or CMP.
Each link can be configured to operate under the rules of one of the following interface specifications: (1)
AMD proprietary, coherent inter-processor link; or (2) non-coherent HyperTransport™ IO link. When a link is
configured for non-coherent IO traffic, it is referred to as an IO link.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Each DRAM interface supports a 64-bit DDR2 or DDR3 registered or unbuffered DIMM channel.
The NB routes transactions between the cores, the links, and the DRAM interfaces. It includes the configuration register space for the device. It may include an L3 cache as well.
2.2
System Overview
The following diagram illustrates the expected system architecture. Smaller systems may not include multiple
processors or multiple IO links. Larger systems may include many more processors. Each processor in the
coherent fabric communicates with other processors through the coherent link protocol. Processors communicate with the IO subsystem through IO links.
System
BIOS
Southbridge
IO Subsystem
(Noncoherent)
System memory DIMMs
Coherent Fabric
System memory DIMMs
IO Subsystem
(Noncoherent)
IO device
IO device
IO Link
Processor
0
(BSP)
Coh Link
Coherent Link
Processor
2
(AP)
Coh Link
IO Link
IO device
IO device
IO device
IO Link
Processor
1
(AP)
System memory DIMMs
Coherent Link
Processor
3
(AP)
System memory DIMMs
IO Link
IO device
IO device
IO device
Figure 3: System diagram.
2.2.1
Mixed Stepping
See the Revision Guide for AMD Family 10h Processors for supported configurations of mixed steppings of
Family 10h processors in the same system. If an unsupported configuration is detected, BIOS should configure
the BSP as a single processor system and signal an error as described in 2.6.4.2.3 [BIOS Requirements for Systems with Mixed Processor Families].
2.3
Processor Initialization
This section describes the initialization sequence after a cold reset.
The processor that is connected to the IO hub is the BSP. Core 0 of the BSP begins executing code from the
reset vector. Core 0 on all other nodes do not fetch code until their [The Link Initialization Control Register]
F0x6C[ReqDis] bit is cleared. The remaining cores do not fetch code until their enable bits are set ([The Link
Transaction Control Register] F0x68 [Cpu1En] for core 1 and [The Extended Link Transaction Control Register] F0x168[Cpu2En,Cpu3En] for cores 2 and 3).
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2.3.1
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
BSP initialization
The BSP must perform the following tasks as part of POST.
• Store BIST information from the EAX register into an unused processor register.
• If supported, determine the type of this reset. One method is to use [The Link Initialization Control Register]
F0x6C[InitDet] bit. If this boot sequence was caused by an INIT then BIOS vectors away from the
cold/warm reset initialization path.
• Determine type of startup using the [The Link Initialization Control Register] F0x6C [ColdRstDet] bit. If this
is a cold reset then BIOS must clear the [MCi_STATUS] MSRs (see Table 72). If this is a warm reset then
BIOS may check for valid MCA errors and if present save the status for later use (see 2.12.1.4 [Handling
Machine Check Exceptions]).
• Enable the cache, program the MTRRs for Cache-as-RAM and initialize the Cache-as-RAM, as described in
2.3.3 [Using L2 Cache as General Storage During Boot].
• Setup of APIC (2.9.5.1 [ApicId Enumeration Requirements]).
• Perform coherent link enumeration (routing table and Node ID), as described in 2.6.4.2 [HyperTransport™
Technology Routing].
• Configure all IO-link devices.
• Set configuration-base and -limit ([The Configuration Map Registers] F1x[EC:E0] [BusNumBase],
[BusNumLimit]) and assign BUID.
• Device enumeration for all IO-link devices (see link specification).
• If required, reallocate data and flow control buffers of the links (see [The Link Base Channel Buffer Count
Registers] F0x[F0, D0, B0, 90] and [The Link Isochronous Channel Buffer Count Registers] F0x[F4, D4,
B4, 94]) and issue system warm reset.
• Configure links speed and link width (see link specification).
• Configure processor power management (see 2.4 [Power Management]).
• If supported, allow other cores to begin fetching instructions by clearing [The Link Initialization Control
Register] F0x6C[ReqDis] in the PCI configuration space of all other nodes and setting [The Link Transaction Control Register] F0x68[Cpu1En] and [The Extended Link Transaction Control Register]
F0x168[Cpu2En,Cpu3En] in the PCI configuration space of all nodes.
2.3.2
AP initialization
All other processor cores other than core 0 of node 0 begin executing code from the reset vector. They must
perform the following tasks as part of POST.
• Store BIST information from the eax register into an unused processor register.
• If supported, determine the type of startup from either the keyboard controller or the [The Link Initialization
Control Register] F0x6C[InitDet] bit. If this boot sequence was caused by a an INIT then BIOS vectors away
from the cold/warm reset initialization path.
• Determine the history of this reset using the [The Link Initialization Control Register] F0x6C [ColdRstDet]
bit. If this is a cold reset then BIOS must clear the [MCi_STATUS] MSRs (see Table 72). If this is a warm
reset then BIOS may check for valid MCA errors and if present save the status for use later (see 2.12.1.4
[Handling Machine Check Exceptions]).
• Setup of local APIC (2.9.5.1 [ApicId Enumeration Requirements]).
• Configure processor power management (see 2.4 [Power Management]).
2.3.3
Using L2 Cache as General Storage During Boot
Prior to initializing the DRAM controller for system memory, BIOS may use the L2 cache of each core as gen-
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
eral storage. BIOS manages the mapping of the L2 storage such that cacheable accesses do not cause L2 victims.
The L2 cache as storage is described as follows:
• Each core has its own L2 cache.
• BIOS manages the mapping of the L2 storage such that cacheable accesses do not cause L2 victims.
• The L2 size, L2 associativity, and L2 line size is determined by reading CPUID Fn8000_0006_ECX[L2Size,
L2Assoc, L2LineSize]. L2WayNum is defined to be the number of ways indicated by the L2Assoc code.
• The L2 cache is viewed as (L2Size/L2LineSize) cache lines of storage, organized as L2WayNum ways,
each way being (L2Size/L2WayNum) in size.
• E.g. L2Assoc=8 so L2WayNum=16 (there are 16 ways). If L2Size=512KB then there are 16 blocks
of cache, each 512KB/16 in size, or 32KB each.
• For each of the following values of L2Size, the following values are defined:
• L2Size=512KB: L2Tag=PhysAddr[39:15], L2WayIndex=PhysAddr[14:6].
• L2Size=1MB:
L2Tag=PhysAddr[39:16], L2WayIndex=PhysAddr[15:6].
• PhysAddr[5:0] addresses the L2LineSize number of bytes of storage associated with the cache line.
• The L2 cache, when allocating a line at L2WayIndex:
• Picks an invalid way before picking a valid way.
• Prioritizes the picking of invalid ways such that way 0 is the highest priority and L2WayNum-1 is
the lowest priority.
• BIOS can rely on a minimum L2Size of 512 KB. See CPUID Fn8000_0006[L2Size].
The following memory types are supported as follows:
• WP-IO: BIOS ROM may be assigned the write-protect IO memory type and may be accessed read-only
as data and fetched as instructions.
• BIOS initializes a location in the L2 cache, mapped as write-protect IO, with 1 load of any size or an
instruction fetch to any location within the L2LineSize cache line.
• WB-DRAM: General storage may be assigned the write-back DRAM memory type and may be accessed
as read-write data, but not accessed by instruction fetch.
• BIOS initializes an L2LineSize sized and aligned location in the L2 cache, mapped as write-back
DRAM, with 1 read to at least 1 byte of the L2LineSize sized and aligned WB-DRAM address.
BIOS may store to a line only after it has been allocated by a load.
• Fills, sent to the disabled memory controller, return undefined data.
• All of memory space that is not accessed as WP-IO or WB-DRAM space must be marked as UC memory type.
• In order to prevent victimizing L2 data, no more than L2WayNum cache lines accessed as WP-IO or WBDRAM may have the same L2WayIndex.
• Software does not need to know which ways the L2WayNum lines are allocated to for any given value of
L2WayIndex, only that invalid ways will be selected for allocation before valid ways will be selected for
allocation.
• Software can deallocate a line in the L2 by using CLFLUSH, and thus allow for a cache line to be filled
with a different location. The following rules must be followed if CLFLUSH is used:
• Place MFENCE instruction before CLFLUSH.
• Don't jump to a CLFLUSH.
Performance monitor event EventSelect 07Fh[1], titled “L2 Writebacks to system“, can be used to indicate
whether L2 dirty data was victimized and sent to the disabled memory controller.
The following requirements must be satisfied prior to using the cache as general storage:
• Paging must be disabled.
41
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
MSRC001_0015[INVDWBINVD]=0.
MSRC001_1021[DIS_IND]=1.
MSRC001_1021[DIS_SPEC_TLB_RLD]=1. Disable speculative ITLB reloads.
MSRC001_1022[DIS_SPEC_TLB_RLD]=1. Disable speculative DTLB reloads.
MSRC001_1022[DIS_CLR_WBTOL2_SMC_HIT]=1.
MSRC001_1022[DIS_HW_PF]=1.
MSRC001_102A[IcDisSpecTlbWr]=1.
MSRC001_102A[ClLinesToNbDis]=1.
INVD, and WBINVD must not be used during cache as general storage but may be used when tearing
down cache-as-ram for all cores on a node.
• The BIOS must not use 3DNow!™, SSE, or MMX™ instructions, with the exception of the following
list: MOVD, MOVQ, MOVDQA, MOVQ2DQ, MOVDQ2Q.
• The BIOS must not enable exceptions, page-faults, and other interrupts.
• BIOS must not use software prefetches.
When the BIOS is done using the cache as general storage the following steps are followed:
1. An INVD instruction should be executed on each core that used cache as general storage.
2. If DRAM is initialized and there is data in the cache that needs to get moved to main memory, CLFLUSH
or WBINVD may be used instead of INVD, but software must ensure that needed data in main memory is
not overwritten.
3. Restore the following configuration state:
• MSRC001_0015[INVD_WBINVD].
• MSRC001_1021[DIS_IND]=0.
• MSRC001_1021[DIS_SPEC_TLB_RLD]=0.
• MSRC001_1022[DIS_SPEC_TLB_RLD]=0.
• MSRC001_1022[DIS_CLR_WBTOL2_SMC_HIT]=0.
• MSRC001_1022[DIS_HW_PF]=0.
• MSRC001_102A[IcDisSpecTlbWr]=0.
When BIOS is done executing from WP-IO the following steps are followed:
1. MSRC001_102A[ClLinesToNbDis]=0.
2.3.4
Multiprocessing Capability Detection
The multiprocessing capability of the processor is determined by F3xE8[MpCap].
During POST, the BIOS checks the multiprocessing capability of all processors, and configures the system
accordingly.
Multiprocessing capability detection is not required in a single processor system.
All processors must be dual-processor (DP) capable or multiprocessor (MP) capable in a DP system. If any
processor is not at least DP capable, the BIOS must configure the BSP as a uni-processor (UP), and must not
initialize the AP.
All processors must be MP capable in an MP system. If any processor is not MP capable, the BIOS must configure the BSP as a UP processor, and must not initialize APs.
If all processors do not have adequate multiprocessing capability for a DP or an MP system, the BIOS must
display the following message:
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
*********** Warning: non-MP Processor ***********
The processor(s) installed in your system are not multiprocessing
capable. Now your system will halt.
If all processors have adequate multiprocessing capability for a DP or an MP system, but have different model
numbers or operate at different frequencies, see 2.4.2.12 [Mixed-Frequency and Power P-State Configuration].
2.3.5
BIOS Requirements For 64-Bit Operation
Refer to the AMD64 Architecture Programmer's Manual for a description of 64-bit operation.
2.3.6
SLIT and SRAT
The System Locality Distance Information Table (SLIT) and Static Resource Affinity Table (SRAT) are
described in the Advanced Configuration and Power Interface Specification.
2.3.6.1
SLIT
The SLIT table is programmed with the following requirements:
• The local node in the SLIT table is 10.
• For fully connected system topologies, the remaining table entries are 16. A fully connected system topology
is one where the number of hops between any two nodes in the system is one.
• For system topologies that are not fully connected:
• If probe filter is enabled (F3x1D4[PfMode]=10b), remaining table entries are programmed with the formula 10+num_hops*6.
• If probe filter is disabled (F3x1D4[PfMode]=00b), remaining table entries are programmed such that the
maximum hop entries have a value of 13 and all other entries have 10.
Consider the 8 node system topology in Figure 4. The maximum number of hops between any two nodes is 3.
Table 3 and Table 4 show the SLIT table entries without probe filter and with probe filter. Note the values are
normalized latencies and not absolute latencies. The raw latency of a system without the probe filter enabled is
higher than one with the probe filter enabled.
0
1
4
5
2
3
6
7
Figure 4: Example 8 node system in twisted ladder topology
Table 3: SLIT table example without probe filter
Node
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
0
10
10
10
10
10
13
10
13
1
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
2
10
10
10
10
10
13
10
13
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
3
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
4
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
5
13
10
13
10
10
10
10
10
6
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
7
13
10
13
10
10
10
10
10
5
6
7
Table 4: SLIT table example with probe filter
Node
0
1
2
3
4
0
10
16
16
22
22
28
22
28
1
16
10
22
22
16
22
16
22
2
16
22
10
16
22
28
22
28
3
22
22
16
10
16
22
16
22
4
22
16
22
16
10
16
22
22
5
28
22
28
22
16
10
22
16
6
22
16
22
16
22
22
10
16
7
28
22
28
22
22
16
16
10
2.3.6.2
SRAT
A unique proximity domain is assigned for each node in the system. A processor local APIC affinity structure
is created such that all cores in a node are assigned the same proximity domain as the node. The base address
and length of the memory attached to the node is programmed into a memory affinity structure. See the
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface Specification for additional information.
2.4
Power Management
The processor supports operational performance states, called P-states, ACPI power-savings states, and HTC.
Processor power consumption may be altered in any of these states through control over clocking and voltage.
Operational states are defined as states in which the processor is executing instructions, running software. During ACPI power-saving states, the processor does not execute instructions. Table 5 provides a summary of
each power management state and indicates whether it is supported. Refer to F3x[84:80] [ACPI Power State
Control Registers] for processor configuration settings for power management.
Table 5: Power management support
ACPI/Power Management State
G0/S0/C0: Working
G0/S0/C0: NB P-state transitions
G0/S0/C0: Core P-state transitions under OS control
Supported1
Description
Yes
Revision Specific
2.4.2.2 [NB P-states]
Yes
2.4.2.1 [Core P-states]
1. Entries in the ‘Supported’ column indicate the following:
• ‘Yes’ indicates the described ACPI state is supported in all packages.
• ‘No’ indicates the described ACPI state is not supported in any package.
• ‘Revision Specific’ indicates support for the described ACPI state varies by processor revision and is
covered in Section 1.5.6 [Supported Feature Variations].
2. AMD recommends using PROCHOT_L for thermal throttling and not implementing stop clock based
throttling.
3. S1 is not supported for processors that support NB P-states (F3x1F0[NbPstate] != 000b).
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table 5: Power management support
ACPI/Power Management State
Supported1
Description
G0/S0/C0: Hardware thermal control (HTC)
Yes
2.10.3.1 [PROCHOT_L and Hardware
Thermal Control (HTC)]
G0/S0/C0: Thermal clock throttling (SMC controlled)
Yes2
G0/S0/C1: Halt
Yes
G0/S0/C2: Stop-grant Caches snoopable
No
G0/S0/C3: Stop-grant Caches not snoopable (single-core devices only) Revision Specific
G0/S0/C1E: Stop-grant Caches not snoopable using
MSRC001_0055[C1eOnCmpHalt] (dual-core devices only)
Revision Specific
2.4.3.3.3 [Hardware Initiated C1E]
G0/S0/C1E: Stop-grant Caches not snoopable using
MSRC001_0055[C1eOnCmpHalt] (single and multi-core devices)
Revision Specific
2.4.3.3.3 [Hardware Initiated C1E]
G0/S0/C1E: Stop-grant Caches not snoopable using
MSRC001_0055[SmiOnCmpHalt] (single and multi-core devices)
Yes
2.4.3.3.1 [SMI Initiated C1E]
G0/S0/C1E: Stop-grant Caches not snoopable using
F3xD4[MTC1eEn] (single and multi-link devices)
Revision Specific
2.4.3.3.4 [Message Triggered C1E]
G0/S0/C1 Cache flushing during halt
Revision Specific
2.4.3.4 [Cache Flush On Halt]
G0/S0/Per-core IO-based C-states
Revision Specific
2.4.3.2 [C-state Request Interface]
G1/S1: Stand By (Powered On Suspend)
Yes3
G1/S3: Stand By (Suspend to RAM)
Yes
G1/S4, S5: Hibernate (Suspend to Disk), Shut Down (Soft Off)
Yes
G3 Mechanical Off
Yes
2.4.4 [ACPI Suspend to RAM State (S3)]
1. Entries in the ‘Supported’ column indicate the following:
• ‘Yes’ indicates the described ACPI state is supported in all packages.
• ‘No’ indicates the described ACPI state is not supported in any package.
• ‘Revision Specific’ indicates support for the described ACPI state varies by processor revision and is
covered in Section 1.5.6 [Supported Feature Variations].
2. AMD recommends using PROCHOT_L for thermal throttling and not implementing stop clock based
throttling.
3. S1 is not supported for processors that support NB P-states (F3x1F0[NbPstate] != 000b).
2.4.1
Processor Power Planes And Voltage Control
Refer to the AMD Family 10h Processor Electrical Data Sheet for power plane definitions.
The voltage level of VDD and VDDNB may be altered in various states to control power consumption. All the
other supplies are fixed. Refer to the EDS for power plane sequencing requirements.
The processor includes two interfaces, intended to control external voltage regulators, called the parallel VID
(voltage level identifier) interface (PVI) and the serial VID interface (SVI). The PVI is a simple 6-bit VID code
provided on 6 pins. The SVI encodes voltage regulator control commands, including the VID code, using
SMBus protocol over two pins, SVD and SVC, to generate write commands to external voltage regulators. The
processor is the master and the voltage regulator(s) are the slave(s). Both pins are outputs of the master; SVD is
driven by the slave as well. SVC is a clock that strobes the data pin, SVD, on the rising edge. The frequency of
the SVC is controlled by F3xA0[SviHighFreqSel]. Refer to the AMD Design Guide for Voltage Regulator
Controllers Accepting Serial VID Codes for details on SVI protocol. See 1.2 [Reference Documents].
The processor supports:
• Single-plane platforms in product variations. See Table 2. All the VDD and VDDNB power planes are connected together on the systemboard and controlled as a single power plane through the PVI (F3xA0[Pvi-
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Mode]=1) interface.
• Dual-plane platforms in which the VDD and VDDNB planes are isolated on the systemboard and controlled
as separate voltages through the SVI or PVI interface.
2.4.1.1
VID Pins And Interface Selection
The VID interfaces use pins VID[5:0]. While PWROK is deasserted, the processor tristates VID[1] so that it
may be used to select the VID interface; VID[1] is expected to be strapped high or low through a resistor on the
systemboard. When PWROK asserts, the processor samples VID[1] and captures the state in [The Power Control Miscellaneous Register] F3xA0[PviMode]. Processors that do not have VID[5:0] pins do not support PVI
and F3xA0[PviMode] is always 0.
VID[5:0] are controlled as follows:
• If PWROK = 0, VID[1] is an input to the processor.
• VID[5:2, 0] are in push-pull mode (outputs are driving high or low).
• If VID[1] = 1, VID[5:2, 0] = the PVI boot VID value.
• If VID[1] = 0:
• VID[5:4, 0] = output a valid, undefined state.
• VID[3:2] = the SVI boot VID value (see 2.4.1.6.3 [Serial VID (SVI) Encodings]).
• If PWROK = 1:
• If F3xA0[PviMode] = 1: VID[5:0] are all driven and controlled as needed by the boot process.
• If F3xA0[PviMode] = 0:
• VID[5, 4, 1] are driven low.
• VID[3] becomes the SVC pin of the SVI. VID[2] becomes the SVD pin of the SVI. Transition from
push-pull mode to open-drain mode occurs some time between the assertion of PWROK and the first
SVI command.
2.4.1.2
Internal VID Registers
The registers within the processor that contain VID fields all use 7-bit VID encodings (see Table 8), regardless
of whether the processor is in SVI mode or PVI mode. Processor hardware translates to the 6-bit VID encoding
if [The Power Control Miscellaneous Register] F3xA0[PviMode]=1. The translation from the 7-bit VID code,
SviVid, to the 6-bit VID code, PviVid, is as follows:
If
SviVid == 7Fh through 5Eh, PviVid = 3Fh;
//0.375 volts
else if SviVid == 5Dh through 3Fh, PviVid = SviVid - 1Fh;
else if SviVid == 3Eh through 00h, PviVid[5:0] = SviVid[6:1];
• In a single-plane system the P-state VID is dictated by MSRC001_00[68:64][NbVid] of the CPU-core in the
highest-performance P-state.
• In a dual-plane system
• The VID for VDDNB is dictated by MSRC001_00[68:64][NbVid] of the CPU-core in the highest-performance P-state.
• The VID for VDD is dictated by MSRC001_00[68:64][CpuVid] of the CPU-core in the highest-performance P-state.
2.4.1.3
MinVid and MaxVid Check
The allowed limits of MinVid and MaxVid are provided in [The COFVID Status Register] MSRC001_0071.
Prior to generating VID-change commands to either the PVI or SVI, the processor filters the InputVid value to
the OutputVid as follows:
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• If InputVid < MaxVid, OutputVid=MaxVid.
• Else if (InputVid > MinVid) & (MinVid != 00h), OutputVid=MinVid.
• Else OutputVid=InputVid.
This filtering is applied regardless of the source of the VID-change command.
2.4.1.4
PSI_L
The processor supports indication of whether the processor is in a low-voltage state or not, which may be used
by the regulator to place itself into a more power efficient mode. This is supported by the PSI_L bit in the data
field of the SVI command when F3xA0[PviMode]=0. It is enabled through F3xA0[PsiVidEn]. PSI_L is
asserted if the processor selects a VID code that is greater than or equal to (voltage that is less than or equal to)
the VID code specified in F3xA0[PsiVid].
The voltage regulator must be able to supply the current required for the processor to operate at the VID code
specified in F3xA0[PsiVid]. MSRC001_00[68:64][IddValue, IddDiv] specify the maximum core current for
each P-state. The following algorithm describes how to program PSI_L on the core voltage planes.
After cold reset {
If (F3xA0[PviMode]==0 and PSI is supported on the platform) {
PSI_vrm_current = current supported by the VDD voltage regulator when PSI is enabled
PSI_inrush_current = inrush current on the VDD plane during a voltage transition
If (Revision == DA-C2 and CPUID Fn8000_0001_EBX[PkgType] == 0010b) {
Previous_voltage = MSRC001_00[68:64][CpuVid] for the Pstate specified by
MSRC001_0061[PstateMaxVal]-1
Pstate_number_init = MSRC001_0061[PstateMaxVal]
}
Else {
Previous_voltage = 7Fh
Pstate_number_init = 0
}
For (Pstate_number = Pstate_number_init; Pstate_number <= F3xDC[PstateMaxVal];
Pstate_number++) {
Pstate_current = ProcIddMax for the Pstate specified by Pstate_number. See
2.4.2.11 [Processor-Systemboard Power Delivery Compatibility Check].
If ((Pstate_number+1) > F3xDC[PstateMaxVal])
Next_Pstate_current = 0;
Else Next_Pstate_current = PSI_inrush_current + ProcIddMax for the Pstate specified
by Pstate_number+1. See 2.4.2.11 [Processor-Systemboard Power Delivery Compatibility Check].
Pstate_voltage = MSRC001_00[68:64][CpuVid] for the Pstate specified by Pstate_number
If ((Pstate_current <= PSI_vrm_current) && ((Next_Pstate_current <= PSI_vrm_current)
&& (Pstate_voltage != Previous_voltage)) {
Set F3xA0[PsiVid] = Pstate_voltage
Set F3xA0[PsiVidEn] = 1
Break
}
Previous_voltage = Pstate_voltage
}
}
}
2.4.1.5
Alternative Voltage (Altvid)
In order to save power, a lower alternative voltage (altvid) is applied in the C5 state. Altvid is only supported as
part of the C5 state. See 2.4.3.5 [C5]. Altvid is only applied to the cores and is controlled by F3x[84:80][AltVidEn], F3xD8[AltVidStart] and F3xDC[AltvidVSSlamTime, SlamTimeMode, AltVid]. Feature support var-
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
ies by revision. See Table 2.
Altvids are not supported in multi-node, multi-link, or PVI systems.
2.4.1.6
VID Encodings
The following sections provide VID encoding to VDD translations. Section 2.4.1.6.1 [Boot VID Encodings]
defines the VID to VDD translation for both protocols prior to PWROK assertion. Sections 2.4.1.6.2 [Parallel
VID Interface (PVI) Encodings] and 2.4.1.6.3 [Serial VID (SVI) Encodings] define the VID to VDD translation following PWROK assertion and protocol initialization (if required).
2.4.1.6.1
Boot VID Encodings
Prior to PWROK assertion the VID pins drive the Boot VID value in the manner specified by section 2.4.1.1
[VID Pins And Interface Selection]. There are 4 possible VDD values that can be requested by the Boot VID.
The following table shows the Boot VID to VDD translation for both SVI and PVI protocol.
In an SVI system each regulator is specified to drive a voltage corresponding to the Boot VID value after
PWROK is asserted until an SVI command addressed to that regulator changes the requested voltage.
Table 6: Boot VID codes
PVI
VID[5:0]
01_0010b
01_0110b
01_1010b
01_1110b
2.4.1.6.2
SVI
VID[3:2]
00b
01b
10b
11b
VDD
1.100
1.000
0.900
0.800
Parallel VID Interface (PVI) Encodings
The 6-bit VID code programmed into the regulator, PviVid[5:0], is expected to be encoded by the regulator as
follows:
If PviVid >= 20h, voltage = 0.7625V - 0.0125V * (PviVid-20h);
else voltage = 1.550V - 0.025V * PviVid;
I.e, 12.5mV resolution from 0.3875V (3Eh) to 0.775V (1Fh) and 25mV resolution from 0.775V to 1.55V
(00h). The following table provides the same information.
Table 7: PVI VID codes
VID[5:0]
00_0000b
00_0001b
00_0010b
00_0011b
00_0100b
00_0101b
00_0110b
00_0111b
VDD
1.550
1.525
1.500
1.475
1.450
1.425
1.400
1.375
VID[5:0]
01_0000b
01_0001b
01_0010b
01_0011b
01_0100b
01_0101b
01_0110b
01_0111b
VDD
1.150
1.125
1.100
1.075
1.050
1.025
1.000
0.975
VID[5:0]
10_0000b
10_0001b
10_0010b
10_0011b
10_0100b
10_0101b
10_0110b
10_0111b
VDD
0.7625
0.7500
0.7375
0.7250
0.7125
0.7000
0.6875
0.6750
VID[5:0]
11_0000b
11_0001b
11_0010b
11_0011b
11_0100b
11_0101b
11_0110b
11_0111b
VDD
0.5625
0.5500
0.5375
0.5250
0.5125
0.5000
0.4875
0.4750
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Table 7: PVI VID codes
VID[5:0]
00_1000b
00_1001b
00_1010b
00_1011b
00_1100b
00_1101b
00_1110b
00_1111b
2.4.1.6.3
VDD
1.350
1.325
1.300
1.275
1.250
1.225
1.200
1.175
VID[5:0]
01_1000b
01_1001b
01_1010b
01_1011b
01_1100b
01_1101b
01_1110b
01_1111b
VDD
0.950
0.925
0.900
0.875
0.850
0.825
0.800
0.775
VID[5:0]
10_1000b
10_1001b
10_1010b
10_1011b
10_1100b
10_1101b
10_1110b
10_1111b
VDD
0.6625
0.6500
0.6375
0.6250
0.6125
0.6000
0.5875
0.5750
VID[5:0]
11_1000b
11_1001b
11_1010b
11_1011b
11_1100b
11_1101b
11_1110b
11_1111b
VDD
0.4625
0.4500
0.4375
0.4250
0.4125
0.4000
0.3875
0.3750
Serial VID (SVI) Encodings
The 7-bit VID code programmed into the regulator, SviVid[6:0], is expected to be encoded by the regulator as
follows:
If SviVid[6:0] == 7Fh through 7Ch, voltage = 0V;
else voltage = 1.550V - 0.0125V * SviVid[6:0];
The following table provides the same information.
Table 8: SVI and internal VID codes
VID[6:0]
000_0000b
000_0001b
000_0010b
000_0011b
000_0100b
000_0101b
000_0110b
000_0111b
000_1000b
000_1001b
000_1010b
000_1011b
000_1100b
000_1101b
000_1110b
000_1111b
001_0000b
001_0001b
001_0010b
001_0011b
001_0100b
VDD
1.5500
1.5375
1.5250
1.5125
1.5000
1.4875
1.4750
1.4625
1.4500
1.4375
1.4250
1.4125
1.4000
1.3875
1.3750
1.3625
1.3500
1.3375
1.3250
1.3125
1.3000
VID[6:0]
010_0000b
010_0001b
010_0010b
010_0011b
010_0100b
010_0101b
010_0110b
010_0111b
010_1000b
010_1001b
010_1010b
010_1011b
010_1100b
010_1101b
010_1110b
010_1111b
011_0000b
011_0001b
011_0010b
011_0011b
011_0100b
VDD
1.1500
1.1375
1.1250
1.1125
1.1000
1.0875
1.0750
1.0625
1.0500
1.0375
1.0250
1.0125
1.0000
0.9875
0.9750
0.9625
0.9500
0.9375
0.9250
0.9125
0.9000
VID[6:0]
100_0000b
100_0001b
100_0010b
100_0011b
100_0100b
100_0101b
100_0110b
100_0111b
100_1000b
100_1001b
100_1010b
100_1011b
100_1100b
100_1101b
100_1110b
100_1111b
101_0000b
101_0001b
101_0010b
101_0011b
101_0100b
VDD
0.7500
0.7375
0.7250
0.7125
0.7000
0.6875
0.6750
0.6625
0.6500
0.6375
0.6250
0.6125
0.6000
0.5875
0.5750
0.5625
0.5500
0.5375
0.5250
0.5125
0.5000
VID[6:0]
110_0000b
110_0001b
110_0010b
110_0011b
110_0100b
110_0101b
110_0110b
110_0111b
110_1000b
110_1001b
110_1010b
110_1011b
110_1100b
110_1101b
110_1110b
110_1111b
111_0000b
111_0001b
111_0010b
111_0011b
111_0100b
VDD
0.3500
0.3375
0.3250
0.3125
0.3000
0.2875
0.2750
0.2625
0.2500
0.2375
0.2250
0.2125
0.2000
0.1875
0.1750
0.1625
0.1500
0.1375
0.1250
0.1125
0.1000
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Table 8: SVI and internal VID codes
VID[6:0]
001_0101b
001_0110b
001_0111b
001_1000b
001_1001b
001_1010b
001_1011b
001_1100b
001_1101b
001_1110b
001_1111b
VDD
1.2875
1.2750
1.2625
1.2500
1.2375
1.2250
1.2125
1.2000
1.1875
1.1750
1.1625
VID[6:0]
011_0101b
011_0110b
011_0111b
011_1000b
011_1001b
011_1010b
011_1011b
011_1100b
011_1101b
011_1110b
011_1111b
VDD
0.8875
0.8750
0.8625
0.8500
0.8375
0.8250
0.8125
0.8000
0.7875
0.7750
0.7625
VID[6:0]
101_0101b
101_0110b
101_0111b
101_1000b
101_1001b
101_1010b
101_1011b
101_1100b
101_1101b
101_1110b
101_1111b
VDD
0.4875
0.4750
0.4625
0.4500
0.4375
0.4250
0.4125
0.4000
0.3875
0.3750
0.3625
2.4.1.7
BIOS Requirements for Power Plane Initialization
VID[6:0]
111_0101b
111_0110b
111_0111b
111_1000b
111_1001b
111_1010b
111_1011b
111_1100b
111_1101b
111_1110b
111_1111b
VDD
0.0875
0.0750
0.0625
0.0500
0.0375
0.0250
0.0125
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
• In single-plane systems BIOS is required to place the lower VID code (higher voltage) specified in the
MSRC001_00[68:64][NbVid and CpuVid] fields into both of these fields. Repeat this operation for all
enabled P-states.
• Configure F3xA0[SlamVidMode] and F3xD8[VSRampTime or VSSlamTime] based on the platform
requirements.
• Configure F3xD4[PowerStepUp, PowerStepDown].
• Optionally configure F3xA0[PsiVidEn and PsiVid]. Refer to section 2.4.1.4 [PSI_L] for additional details.
2.4.1.8
Hardware-Initiated Voltage Transitions
VDD and VDDNB voltage levels may be transitioned during state changes involving boot, reset, P-state, and
stop-grant. Voltage transitions may be slammed or stepped as specified by [The Power Control Miscellaneous
Register] F3xA0[SlamVidMode]. F3xA0[SlamVidMode]=1 means the processor sends a single VID code to
the voltage regulator. The voltage stabilization time is specified by F3xD8[VSSlamTime] and, if altvid is
enabled, F3xDC[AltvidVSSlamTime, SlamTimeMode]. F3xA0[SlamVidMode]=0 means the processor sends
multiple VID codes one increment at a time until the destination VID is reached. The amount of time between
each VID code is specified by F3xD8[VSRampTime]. Voltages are transitioned according to Table 9.
Table 9: Voltage transition behavior
First state
Second state
Voltage off
PWROK assert
PWROK assert
RESET_L deassert
Any P-state
Any P-state
Any P-state
Alternate VID
Alternate VID
Any P-state
2.4.1.9
Voltage transition
Voltages slammed to the factory-specified boot voltage.
Voltages slammed to the VID specified by
MSRC001_0071[StartupPstate].
Voltage transitioned to the new P-state VID.
Voltage transitioned to value programmed into F3xDC[AltVid].
Voltage transitioned to the P-state prior to application of the alternate
VID.
Software-Initiated Voltage Transitions
The processor supports direct software VID control using [The COFVID Control Register] MSRC001_0070.
The setting for F3xA0[SlamVidMode] determines the sequence used for direct VID control. Hardware P-state
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
transitions using [The P-State Control Register] MSRC001_0062 result in unpredictable behavior if software
modifies the NbVid or CpuVid from the appropriate settings for the current P-state reported in [The P-State
Status Register] MSRC001_0063. If F3xA0[PviMode]=1b only changes to NbVid are driven on the PVI interface as defined in Section 2.4.1 [Processor Power Planes And Voltage Control].
2.4.1.9.1
Software-Initiated NB Voltage Transitions
NewNbVid = the destination NB VID.
F3xA0[SlamVidMode]=1:
1. Write NewNbVid to all copies of MSRC001_0070[NbVid].
2. Wait the specified F3xD8[VSSlamTime].
F3xA0[SlamVidMode]=0:
1. If NewNbVid > MSRC001_0071[CurNbVid] write MSRC001_0071[CurNbVid] + 1 to all copies of
MSRC001_0070[NbVid]; else write MSRC001_0071[CurNbVid] - 1 to all copies of
MSRC001_0070[NbVid].
2. Wait the specified F3xD8[VSRampTime].
3. If MSRC001_0071[CurNbVid]!=NewNbVid goto step 1.
2.4.1.9.2
Software-Initiated CPU Voltage Transitions
NewCpuVid = the destination CPU VID.
F3xA0[SlamVidMode]=1:
1. Write NewCpuVid to MSRC001_0070[CpuVid].
2. Wait the specified F3xD8[VSSlamTime].
F3xA0[SlamVidMode]=0:
Software must use the sequence for F3xA0[SlamVidMode]=0 defined in section 2.4.1.9.1 [Software-Initiated
NB Voltage Transitions] to control the single-plane through NbVid.
2.4.1.10
SVI Protocol
The SVI protocol is specified in the AMD Voltage Regulator Specification, with the following exception:
• For all revisions except C3, only a 400kHz bus clock is supported. For revision C3, a 400 kHz or 3.4 MHz
bus clock is supported. See F3xA0[SviHighFreqSel].
2.4.2
P-states
P-states are operational performance states (states in which the processor is executing instructions, running
software) characterized by a unique frequency and voltage. The processor supports up to 5 P-states called
P-states 0 through 4 or P0 though P4. P0 is the highest power, highest performance P-state; each ascending
P-state number represents a lower-power, lower performance P-state than the prior P-state number. As P-state
numbers increase, the operating frequency and voltage for a given P-state must be less than or equal to the frequency and voltage of the prior P-state. At least one enabled P-state (P0) is specified for all processors.
The processor supports dynamic P-state changes in independently-controllable frequency planes for each core
and the NB; and independently-controllable voltage planes VDD and VDDNB. Refer to section 2.4.1 [Processor Power Planes And Voltage Control] for voltage plane definitions and section 1.5.6 [Supported Feature
Variations] for package/socket-specific information on voltage plane compatibility.
The following terminology applies to P-state definitions:
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• FID: frequency ID. Specifies the PLL frequency multiplier, relative to the reference clock, for a given
domain.
• DID: divisor ID. Specifies the post-PLL power-of-two divisor that may be used to reduce the operating frequency.
• COF: current operating frequency.
• Refer to 2.4.2.1 [Core P-states] for details on the reference clock frequency and allowed DIDs for core Pstates. Refer to MSRC001_00[68:64][CpuFid] for the CPU COF formula and details on allowed FIDs
for core P-states.
• Refer to F3xD4[NbFid] for the NB COF formula.
• MOF: maximum operating frequency. This is the maximum operating frequency that software can request.
This is specified as the COF of P0 found in MSRC001_0064 (MSRC001_00[68:64]) and F3xD4[NbFid] (for
the NB) after a cold reset. This uses software P-state numbering. See 2.4.2.1.2.1 [Software P-state Numbering].
• VID: voltage ID. Specifies the voltage level for a given domain. Refer to 2.4.1.6 [VID Encodings] for encodings.
Out of cold reset, the VID and FID of the NB and cores is specified by [The Power Control Miscellaneous
Register] F3xA0[CofVidProg] and [The COFVID Status Register] MSRC001_0071[StartupPstate].
MSRC001_0071[StartupPstate] always points to the minimum P-state supported by the processor.
The dynamic FID, DID, and VID values associated with P-state transitions for all frequency and voltage
domains are specified by [The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64]. All FID and DID parameters
must be programmed to equivalent values for all cores and NBs in the coherent fabric. Refer to the
MSRC001_00[68:64] and F3xD4[NbFid] register definitions for further details on programming requirements.
Processors with different default P-state definitions can be mixed in a multi-socket system and still satisfy the
FID and DID programming requirements. Refer to section 2.4.2.12 [Mixed-Frequency and Power P-State Configuration] for details on multi-socket, mixed-frequency and/or power initialization requirements.
2.4.2.1
Core P-states
Dynamic core P-state support is indicated by more than one enabled selection in [The P-State [4:0] Registers]
MSRC001_00[68:64][PstateEn]. The FID, DID, and VID for each core P-state is specified in [The P-State
[4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64]. The COF for core P-states is a function of half the CLKIN frequency
(nominally 100 MHz) and the DID may be 1, 2, 4, 8, and 16. Software controls the current core P-state request
for each core independently using the hardware P-state control mechanism (a.k.a. fire and forget). Support for
hardware P-state control is indicated by CPUID Fn8000_0007[HwPstate]=1b. P-state transitions using the
hardware P-state control mechanism are not allowed until the P-state initialization requirements defined in section 2.4.2.6 [BIOS Requirements for P-State Initialization and Transitions] are complete.
2.4.2.1.1
Core Performance Boost (CPB)
Core Performance Boost (CPB) allows the processor to deterministically provide maximum performance while
remaining within the specified power delivery and removal envelope. This allows P-states to be defined with
higher frequencies and voltages than could be used without CPB. These P-states are referred to as boosted Pstates.
• CPB is not supported on single-plane systems.
• Support for CPB is specified by CPUID Fn8000_0007[CPB].
• CPB is enabled if all of the following conditions are true:
• F3xA8[CacheFlushPopDownEn] = 1.
• F3x188[EnStpGntOnFlushMaskWakeup] = 1.
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•
•
•
•
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
• F4x15C[BoostSrc] = 11b.
• F4x15C[NumBoostStates] = 1.
• F4x16C[CstateCnt] != 0h.
• MSRC001_0015[CpbDis] = 0 for all cores.
All P-states, both boosted and non-boosted, are specified in MSRC001_00[68:64].
A maximum of one boosted P-state is supported and specified by F4x15C[NumBoostStates].
• Support for the boosted P-state varies by product.
The boosted P-state is always higher performance than non-boosted P-states.
To ensure proper operation, the boosted P-state should be hidden from the operating system. BIOS should
not provide ACPI _PSS entries for the boosted P-state. See 2.4.2.13.2 [_PSS (Performance Supported
States)] for details.
2.4.2.1.2
Core P-state Naming and Numbering
Since support for core performance boost varies from product to product, the mapping between
MSRC001_00[68:64] and the indices used to request P-state changes or status also varies. In order to clarify
this, two different numbering schemes are used.
2.4.2.1.2.1
Software P-state Numbering
When referring to software P-state numbering, the following naming convention is used:
• Non-boosted P-states are referred to as P0, P1, etc.
• P0 is the highest power, highest performance, non-boosted P-state.
• Each ascending P-state number represents a lower-power, lower performance non-boosted P-state than
the prior P-state number.
• The boosted P-state is referred to as Pb0.
For example, if F4x15C[NumBoostStates] contains the values shown below, then the P-states would be named
as follows:
Table 10: P-state name to MSR address
F4x15C[NumBoostStates]=1
P-state Name Corresponding
MSR Address
Pb0
MSRC001_0064
P0
MSRC001_0065
P1
MSRC001_0066
P2
MSRC001_0067
P3
MSRC001_0068
F4x15C[NumBoostStates]=0 or
F4x15C[NumBoostStates] does
not exist
P-state Name Corresponding
MSR Address
P0
MSRC001_0064
P1
MSRC001_0065
P2
MSRC001_0066
P3
MSRC001_0067
P4
MSRC001_0068
All sections and register definitions use software P-state numbering unless otherwise specified.
2.4.2.1.2.2
Hardware P-state Numbering
When referring to hardware P-state numbering, the following naming convention is used:
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• All P-states are referred to as P0, P1, etc.
• P0 is the highest power, highest-performance P-state, regardless of whether it is a boosted P-state or a
non-boosted P-state.
• Each ascending P-state number represents a lower-power, lower-performance P-state, regardless of
whether it is a boosted P-state or not.
2.4.2.1.3
Core P-state Control
Core P-states are dynamically controlled by software and are exposed through ACPI objects (refer to section
2.4.2.13 [ACPI Processor P-State Objects]). Software requests a core P-state change by writing a 3 bit index
corresponding to the desired core P-state number to MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd] of the appropriate core. For
example, to request P3 for core 0 software would write 011b to core 0’s MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd]. Boosted
P-states may not be directly requested by software. When software requests the P0 state on a processor that
supports core performance boost (i.e. writes 000b to MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd]), hardware dynamically
places the core into the highest-performance P-state possible as determined by core performance boost. See
2.4.2.1.1 [Core Performance Boost (CPB)] for details. Table 11 shows how P-state numbers are mapped to Pstate registers.
Table 11: P-state name to P-state index
F4x15C[NumBoostStates]=1
P-state Name Index Used for
Requests/Status
Pb0
n/a
P0
0
P1
1
P2
2
P3
3
Corresponding
MSR Address
MSRC001_0064
MSRC001_0065
MSRC001_0066
MSRC001_0067
MSRC001_0068
F4x15C[NumBoostStates]=0 or F4x15C[NumBoostStates] does not exist
P-state Name Index Used for Corresponding
Requests/Status MSR Address
P0
0
MSRC001_0064
P1
1
MSRC001_0065
P2
2
MSRC001_0066
P3
3
MSRC001_0067
P4
4
MSRC001_0068
Hardware sequences the frequency and voltage changes necessary to complete a P-state transition as specified
by 2.4.2.5 [P-state Transition Behavior] with no additional software interaction required. Core P-states are
changed without interaction with the external chipset. MSRC001_0063[CurPstate] reflects the current frequency component (COF) of each core as a 3 bit index corresponding to the current P-state number. For revision D1 and earlier processors, if core 1 MSRC001_0063[CurPstate] = 010b, then core 1 is at the P2 COF
specified by MSRC001_0066[CpuFid and CpuDid]. For revision E processors, if core 1
MSRC001_0063[CurPstate] = 010b and F4x15C[NumBoostStates]=1, then core 1 is at the P2 COF specified
by MSRC001_0067[CpuFid and CpuDid]. If a core is in the software P0 state (i.e. if MSRC001_0063[CurPstate]=0), the frequency of the core could be the frequency specified by software P0 or any boosted P-state. To
determine the frequency of a core, see 2.4.5 [Effective Frequency].
Hardware controls the VID for each voltage domain according to the highest requirement of the frequency
domain(s) on each plane. The number of frequency domains in a voltage domain is package/platform specific.
Refer to section 1.5.6 [Supported Feature Variations] for package/platform specific voltage plane support. For
example the VID for a 4-core single-plane system must be maintained at the highest level required for all 5 frequency domains (4 cores and NB). Refer to section 2.4.2.5 [P-state Transition Behavior] for details on hardware P-state voltage control. Section 2.4.1.7 [BIOS Requirements for Power Plane Initialization] specifies the
processor initialization requirements for voltage plane control.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
NB P-states
Up to two NB P-states may be supported, NB P-state 0 and NB P-state 1. At least one enabled NB P-state (NB
P-state 0) is specified for all processors. NB P-state 1 is always half the frequency of NB P-state 0 and is specified by MSRC001_00[68:64][NbDid]=1 for any enabled P-state. The COF for NB P-states is specified by
F3xD4[NbFid]. The NB VIDs associated with NB P-states 0 and 1 are specified by F4x1F4[NbVid0, NbVid1].
NB P-states are supported in single-node, single-link systems only. Feature support varies by revision. See
Table 2. See F3x1F0[NbPstate].
2.4.2.2.1
NB P-state Control
The NB P-state is controlled by hardware and is not exposed through ACPI objects. NB P-states may be
dynamically controlled by system software via MSRC001_001F[GfxNbPstateDis].
The Northbridge is placed in NB P-state 0 if any of the following are true:
• MSRC001_001F[GfxNbPstateDis]=1
• At least one core is in a P-state which specifies MSRC001_00[68:64][NbDid]=0
The Northbridge is placed in NB P-state 1 if all of the following are true:
• MSRC001_001F[GfxNbPstateDis]=0
• All cores are in a P-state which specify MSRC001_00[68:64][NbDid]=1
Changes in either the core P-state or MSRC001_001F[GfxNbPstateDis] will cause the NB P-state to be reevaluated. The current NB P-state is specified by MSRC001_0071[CurNbDid].
2.4.2.3
P-state Limits
P-states may be limited to lower-performance values under certain conditions, including HTC and STC logic.
Registers that control this are [The Hardware Thermal Control (HTC) Register] F3x64[HtcPstateLimit], [The
Software Thermal Control (STC) Register] F3x68[StcPstateLimit], and, for revision D and later revisions,
[The SBI P-state Limit Register] F3xC4. The current limit is provided in [The P-State Current Limit Register]
MSRC001_0061[CurPstateLimit]. Changes to the MSRC001_0061[CurPstateLimit] can be programmed to
trigger interrupts through F3x64[PslApicLoEn and PslApicHiEn]. In addition, the maximum value P-state,
regardless of the source, is limited as specified in MSRC001_0061[PstateMaxVal].
2.4.2.4
P-state Bandwidth Requirements
• The frequency relationship of (core COF / NB COF) <= 2 must be maintained for all supported P-state combinations. E.g., a core P0 COF of 2.4 GHz could not be combined with a NB P0 COF of 1.0 GHz; the NB P0
COF would have to be 1.2 GHz or greater; if the NB P0 COF is 1.2 GHz, then the NB P1 COF of 0.6 GHz
may only be supported if the corresponding core P-state specify a COF of 1.2 GHz or less.
• All core P-states are required to be defined such that (NB COF/core COF) <= 32, for all NB/core P-state
combinations. E.g., if the NB COF is 4.8 GHz then the core COF must be no less than 150 MHz.
• All core P-states must be defined such that:
• CPU COF >= 400Mhz.
• NB COF >= 2 * MEMCLK frequency. E.g., for DDR1333 support, NB COF must be 1.4 GHz or higher.
(MEMCLK would be 667 MHz).Note if NB P-states are enabled, an NB P-state 0 of 2.8 GHz or higher is
required to provide an NB P-state 1 of 1.4 GHz.
• NB COF >= 600MHz.
• See 2.7.4 [Link Bandwidth Requirements] for NB COF and link bandwidth requirements.
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2.4.2.5
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
P-state Transition Behavior
P-state changes normally include a COF change and a VID change. If the P-state number is increasing (to a
lower-performance state), then the COF is changed first, followed by the VID change. If the P-state number is
decreasing, then the VID is changed first followed by the COF. VID changes may be slammed or ramped; see
2.4.1.8 [Hardware-Initiated Voltage Transitions].
P-state changes that include VID changes may take 100’s of microseconds to complete. Once the processor has
initiated a VID change for a domain, it completes it regardless of what commands are received while the Pstate change takes place. If multiple commands are issued that affect the P-state of a domain prior to when the
processor initiates the change of the P-state of that domain, then the processor operates on the last one issued.
There is one set of P-state control registers in each core. Each core may independently request to enter a different P-state. When lower-performance P-states are requested, the logic reduces the COF of the core; however, if
that core shares its power plane with another core, the VID cannot change until the other core’s P-state is
reduced. In addition, the NB P-state follows the P-state specified by the highest-performance core P-state. For
example, assume there are two cores, both initially in P0 (along with the NB), and the NB is on a separate
power plane:
• If a first command is issued to place core 0 into P2, then:
• If the cores are on separate supplies, then core 0’s COF and VID are changed to P2.
• If the cores are on the same supply, then core 0’s COF is placed into P2, but the VID does not change.
• The NB P-state does not change.
• If a second command is issued placing core 1 into P4, then:
• If the cores are on separate supplies, then core 1’s COF and VID are changed to P4.
• If the cores are on the same supply, then core 1’s COF is changed to P4 and then the VID is changed to
P2 (the VID of the highest-performance core P-state on that power plane).
• The NB P-state is changed to the P-state specified by P2 (the highest-performance core P-state).
• If a third command is issued placing core 1 back into P0, then:
• The NB P-state is changed back to the P-state specified by P0.
• If the cores are on separate supplies, then core 1’s COF and VID are changed back to P0.
• If the cores are on the same supply, then the VID is changed to P0 and then CPU1’s COF is changed to
P0.
The following rules specify how P-states interact with other system or processor states:
• Once a P-state change starts, the P-state state machine (PSSM) continues through completion unless interrupted by a PWROK deassertion or RESET_L assertion. If multiple P-state changes are requested concurrently, the PSSM may group the associated VID changes separately from the associated COF changes.
• Behavior during RESET_L assertions:
3. If there is no P-state transition activity, then the cores and NB remain in the current P-state.
• If a RESET_L assertion interrupts a P-state transition, then the COF remains in it’s current state at the
time RESET_L is asserted (either the value of the old or the new P-state) and the VID remains in it’s current state (perhaps at a VID between the old and the new P-states, if the VID was being stepped). BIOS
is required to transition to valid COF and VID settings after a warm reset according to the sequence
defined in section 2.4.2.15 [BIOS COF and VID Requirements After Warm Reset].
• If F3xD4[NbFid] has changed, then the new value is applied to the NB PLL on the assertion of
RESET_L. It is assumed that BIOS adjusts the NB VID to the appropriate value prior to the warm reset.
See 2.4.1.9 [Software-Initiated Voltage Transitions].
• If F3xA0[PviMode]=1, the P-state VID is dictated by MSRC001_00[68:64][NbVid] of the CPU-core in the
highest-performance P-state.
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• The OS controls the P-state through [The P-State Control Register] MSRC001_0062, independent of P-state
limits described in [The Hardware Thermal Control (HTC) Register] F3x64[HtcPstateLimit], [The Software
Thermal Control (STC) Register] F3x68[StcPstateLimit], and, for revision D and later revisions, [The SBI Pstate Limit Register] F3xC4. P-state limits interact with OS-directed P-state transitions as follows:
• Of all the active P-state limits, the one that represents the lowest-performance P-state number, at any
given time, is treated as an upper limit on performance.
• As the limit becomes active or inactive, or if it changes, the P-state for each core is placed in either the
last OS-requested P-state or the new limit P-state, whichever is a lower performance P-state number.
• If the resulting P-state number exceeds [The P-State Current Limit Register]
MSRC001_0061[PstateMaxVal], regardless of whether it is a limit or OS-requested, then the
PstateMaxVal is used instead.
2.4.2.6
BIOS Requirements for P-State Initialization and Transitions
P-state transitions can be used only if they are supported by the processor and by the system. BIOS requirements are:
1. Configure the F3x[84:80] [ACPI Power State Control Registers] according to the settings in Table 100.
2. Configure the Northbridge COF and VID for each processor appropriately based on the sequence
described in 2.4.2.9 [BIOS Northbridge COF and VID Configuration].
3. Perform the algorithm described in 2.4.2.7 [BIOS Configuration for Dual-plane Only Support].
4. Perform the algorithm described in 2.4.2.8 [BIOS Configuration for Asymmetric Boost].
5. Program MSRC001_00[68:64][NbDid, NbVid] as described in F3x1F0[NbPstate].
6. Complete the 2.4.1.7 [BIOS Requirements for Power Plane Initialization].
7. Complete the 2.4.2.15.1 [Core P-State Voltage Alignment After Warm Reset].
8. Transition all parts to the minimum performance P-state using the algorithm detailed in 2.4.2.15.3 [Core
Minimum P-State Transition Sequence After Warm Reset].
9. Complete the 2.4.2.11 [Processor-Systemboard Power Delivery Compatibility Check].
10. Determine the valid set of P-states:
• Based on the sequence described in 2.4.2.12 [Mixed-Frequency and Power P-State Configuration] for
multi-processor systems.
• Based on the enabled P-states indicated in [The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64][PstateEn]
for single-processor systems.
11. BIOS may transition each core in the system to any enabled P-state using MSRC001_0062.
12. If P-states are not supported, as indicated by only one enabled selection in [The P-State [4:0] Registers]
MSRC001_00[68:64][PstateEn], then BIOS must not generate ACPI-defined P-state objects described in
section 2.4.2.13 [ACPI Processor P-State Objects]. Otherwise, the ACPI objects should be generated to
enable P-state support.
The following must also be completed before P-state transitions are allowed:
• If MSRC001_00[68:64][CpuFid] is different between any two enabled P-states, the PLL lock time must be
specified by [The Power Control Miscellaneous Register] F3xA0[PllLockTime].
• Configure F3xD4[NbClkDivApplyAll, NbClkDiv, and ClkRampHystSel].
2.4.2.7
BIOS Configuration for Dual-plane Only Support
Some processors are only supported by the dual-plane infrastructure. BIOS performs the following algorithm
to determine whether the processor has been placed into an acceptable infrastructure and, if necessary, to
enable P-states associated with that infrastructure:
// Determine whether algorithm applies to this processor
if (CPUID Fn8000_0001_EBX[PkgType] == 0001b && (revision C or E) {
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// Determine whether processor is supported in this infrastructure
if ((F3x1FC[DualPlaneOnly] == 1) && (this is a dual-plane platform)) {
// Fixup the P-state MSRs
for (each core in the system) {
if (CPUID Fn8000_0007[CPB]){
Copy MSRC001_0065 as MinPstate;
Copy MSRC001_0068 to MSRC001_0065;
Copy MinPstate to MSRC001_0068;
} else {
Copy MSRC001_0068 to MSRC001_0064;
Program MSRC001_0068 = 0;
} // endif
for (each MSR in MSRC001_00[68:64]) {
if (value in MSRC001_00[68:64][IddValue] != 0) {
Set PstateEn in current MSR to 1;
} // endif
} // endfor
} // endfor
Set F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] = lowest-performance enabled P-state;
Set F3x64[HtcPstateLimit] = lowest-performance enabled P-state;
} // endif
} // endif
2.4.2.8
BIOS Configuration for Asymmetric Boost
Asymmetric boost allows certain cores to boost at a higher frequency. BIOS performs the following algorithm
to assign these frequencies:
// Determine whether the processor support boost
if (CPUID CPUID Fn8000_0007[CPB]==1)&& CPUID Fn8000_0008[NC]==5){
Core0 MSRC001_0064[CpuFid] += F3x10C[AsymmetricBoostCore0]
Core1 MSRC001_0064[CpuFid] += F3x10C[AsymmetricBoostCore1]
Core2 MSRC001_0064[CpuFid] += F3x10C[AsymmetricBoostCore2]
Core3 MSRC001_0064[CpuFid] += F3x10C[AsymmetricBoostCore3]
Core4 MSRC001_0064[CpuFid] += F3x10C[AsymmetricBoostCore4]
Core5 MSRC001_0064[CpuFid] += F3x10C[AsymmetricBoostCore5]
}
2.4.2.9
BIOS Northbridge COF and VID Configuration
BIOS is responsible for initializing the NB COF and VID settings based on the power plane capabilities of the
platform. F3xD4[NbFid] must be matched between all processors in the coherent fabric of a multi-socket system. The lowest setting from all processors in a multi-socket system (determined by using the following equations on each processor and selecting the lowest value) is used as the common NbFid. The NewNbVid values
derived from the following equations are applied uniquely to each processor in the system and are not matched
across processors.
If F3x1FC[NbCofVidUpdate]=0 or F3x1FC[NbCofVidUpdate] is undefined {
• NewNbVid = MSRC001_0071[CurNbVid]
• NewNbFid = F3xD4[NbFid]
} else {
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If the processor is installed in a dual-plane system:
• NewNbVid = DualPlaneNbVid (see F3x1FC[DualPlaneNbVidOff])
• NewNbFid = DualPlaneNbFid (see F3x1FC[DualPlaneNbFidOff]).
If the processor is installed in a single-plane system:
• NewNbVid = F3x1FC[SinglePlaneNbVid]
• NewNbFid = F3x1FC[SinglePlaneNbFid].
}
2.4.2.9.1
BIOS NB COF and VID Configuration for SVI and Single-Plane PVI Systems
For all processors in the system, if F3x1FC[NbCofVidUpdate]=0 or F3x1FC[NbCofVidUpdate] is undefined,
and all processors in the system have equivalent values in F3xD4[NbFid], then no updates are required for the
NB COF and VID configuration, and the following numbered sequence can be skipped. The sequence assumes
that the processor is in the P-state specified by MSRC001_0071[StartupPstate]. NewNbFid and NewNbVid are
defined in section 2.4.2.9 [BIOS Northbridge COF and VID Configuration].
1. Copy the contents of the P-state register MSRC001_00[68:64] pointed to by MSRC001_0071[StartupPstate] to MSRC001_0064 and MSRC001_0065 for all cores on the local processor.
2. If F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] == 0, set F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] to 1.
3. Copy NewNbVid to MSRC001_0064[NbVid] for all cores on the local processor.
4. Request a transition to P1 (Write MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd]=001b) for all cores on the local processor.
5. Request a transition to P0 (Write MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd]=000b) on core 0 of the local processor.
6. Wait for MSRC001_0063[CurPstate]=000b on core 0 of the local processor.
7. If F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] == 0 at the beginning of step 2, clear F3xDC[PstateMaxVal].
8. Copy NewNbFid to F3xD4[NbFid] and set F3xD4[NbFidEn] on the local processor.
9. Repeat steps 1 through 7 for each processor in the system.
10. Issue a warm reset. This is required to cause the new F3xD4[NbFid] setting(s) to be applied and resets the
values in MSRC001_00[68:64].
11. Update MSRC001_00[68:64][NbVid] according to F3x1FC[NbVidUpdateAll] as follows:
• If F3x1FC[NbVidUpdateAll]=0 copy NewNbVid to MSRC001_00[68:64][NbVid] where
MSRC001_00[68:64][NbDid]=0 and MSRC001_00[68:64][IddValue]!=0.
• If F3x1FC[NbVidUpdateAll]=1 copy NewNbVid to MSRC001_00[68:64][NbVid] where
MSRC001_00[68:64][IddValue]!=0.
12. For each processor in the system, transition all cores to MSRC001_0071[StartupPstate] using
MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd].
2.4.2.9.2
BIOS NB COF and VID Configuration for Dual-Plane PVI Systems
If the systemboard is dual-plane and F3xA0[PviMode]=1, then systemboard-specific control logic exists for
the routing of the processor VID pins to the voltage regulators. Note that the devices used to route the processor VID[5:0] lines to the VDD and VDDNB regulators may not be transparent after cold or warm reset, but are
required to be transparent when transitioning from S4 or S5 to S0. The steps in the following sequence that
manipulate VID control logic on the systemboard affect all sockets. The following sequence is used to properly
configure VDD and VDDNB:
1. Expose both the VDD and VDDNB regulator inputs to the VID code driven on the processor VID[5:0]
lines.
2. Wait a sufficient time for the systemboard-specific control logic to pass the processor VID[5:0] value to
the regulator inputs.
3. Latch the VID code driven on the processor VID[5:0] lines and preserve the value to the VDD regulator
input while leaving the VDDNB regulator input exposed to transitions on the processor VID[5:0] lines.
4. Copy the contents of the P-state register MSRC001_00[68:64] pointed to by MSRC001_0071[StartupP-
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5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
state] to MSRC001_0064 and MSRC001_0065 for all cores on the local processor.
Copy NewNbVid to MSRC001_0064[NbVid] for all cores on the local processor.
If F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] == 0, set F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] to 1.
Request a transition to P1 (Write MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd]=001b) for all cores on the local processor.
Request a transition to P0 (Write MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd]=000b) on core 0 of the local processor.
Wait for MSRC001_0063[CurPstate]=000b on core 0 of the local processor.
Copy NewNbFid to F3xD4[NbFid] and set F3xD4[NbFidEn] on the local processor.
Repeat steps 4 through 9 for each processor in the system.
Latch the VID code driven on the processor VID[5:0] lines and preserve the value to the VDDNB regulator.
Request a transition to P1 (Write MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd]=001b) on core 0 of each processor.
Expose the VDD regulator inputs to the VID code driven on the processor VID[5:0] lines while leaving the
VDDNB regulator input latched.
Issue a warm reset. This is required to cause the new F3xD4[NbFid] setting(s) to be applied and resets the
values in MSRC001_00[68:64].
Copy MSRC001_00[68:64][CpuVid] to MSRC001_00[68:64][NbVid] for every core in the system.
For each processor in the system, transition all cores to MSRC001_0071[StartupPstate] using
MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd].
2.4.2.10
Processor-Systemboard Power Removal Check
The processor’s TDP specifies the thermal solution required for proper operation. Software uses the following
equation to calculate the TDP of the processor:
TDP = voltage specified by F3xD8[TdpVid] * ProcIddMax.
ProcIddMax is calculated using the equation defined in 2.4.2.11 [Processor-Systemboard Power Delivery
Compatibility Check]. If F3x1FC[DualPlaneOnly] == 1 and the algorithm in 2.4.2.7 [BIOS Configuration for
Dual-plane Only Support] has not been run, ProcIddMax is calculated using MSRC001_0068. For revision D
and earlier processors, ProcIddMax is calculated using MSRC001_0064. For revision E processors, ProcIddMax is calculated using MSRC001_00[68:64] indexed by F4x15C[NumBoostStates].
2.4.2.11
Processor-Systemboard Power Delivery Compatibility Check
BIOS must disable processor P-states that require higher power delivery than the systemboard can support.
This power delivery compatibility check is designed to prevent system failures caused by exceeding the power
delivery capability of the systemboard for the power plane(s) that contain the core(s). Refer to section 2.4.1
[Processor Power Planes And Voltage Control] for power plane definitions and configuration information.
BIOS should perform this check independently for each processor node in the coherent fabric. BIOS can
optionally notify the user if P-states are detected that exceed the systemboard power delivery capability. Modifications to [The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64] must be applied equally to all cores on the
same node. This check does not guarantee functionality for all package/socket compatible processor/systemboard combinations.
MSRC001_00[68:64][PstateEn] must be set to 0 for any P-state MSR where PstateEn=1 and the processor current requirement (ProcIddMax), defined by the following equation, is greater than the systemboard current
delivery capability.
Revision B or C dual-plane systems:
ProcIddMax = MSRC001_00[68:64][IddValue] * 1/10^MSRC001_00[68:64][IddDiv] *
(F3xE8[CmpCap]+1)- F3x1FC[SinglePlaneNbIdd] * 2;
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Revision B or C single-plane systems:
ProcIddMax = MSRC001_00[68:64][IddValue] * 1/10^MSRC001_00[68:64][IddDiv] *
(F3xE8[CmpCap]+1);
Revision D and later systems:
ProcIddMax = MSRC001_00[68:64][IddValue] * 1/10^MSRC001_00[68:64][IddDiv] *
(F3xE8[CmpCap]+1) * (F3xE8[MultiNodeCpu]+1);
The power delivery check should be applied starting with hardware P0 and continue with increasing P-state
indexes (1, 2, 3, and 4) for all enabled P-states. Once a compatible software P-state is found using the ProcIddMax equation the check is complete. All processor P-states with higher indexes are defined to be lower power
and performance, and are therefore compatible with the systemboard.
Revision B or C single power plane and revision D P1 example:
• MSRC001_0065[IddValue] = 32d
• MSRC001_0065[IddDiv] = 0
• F3xE8[CmpCap] = 1
• F3xE8[MultiNodeCpu] = 0
• ProcIddMax = 32 * 1 * 2 * 1 = 64A per plane
The systemboard must be able to supply >= 64A per plane for the unified core power plane in order to support
P1 for this processor. If the systemboard current delivery capability is < 64A per plane then BIOS must set
MSRC001_0065[PstateEn]=0 for all cores on this processor node, and continue by checking P2 in the same
fashion.
Revision B or C dual power plane P1 example:
• MSRC001_0065[IddValue] = 32d
• MSRC001_0065[IddDiv] = 0
• F3xE8[CmpCap] = 1
• F3x1FC[SinglePlaneNbIdd] = 10d
• ProcIddMax = 32 * 1 * 2 - 20 = 44A per plane
The systemboard must be able to supply >= 44A per plane for the unified core power plane in order to support
P1 for this processor. If the systemboard current delivery capability is < 44A per plane then BIOS must set
MSRC001_0065[PstateEn]=0 (see MSRC001_00[68:64]) for all cores on this processor node, and continue by
checking P2 in the same fashion.
If no P-states are disabled on a processor node while performing the power delivery compatibility check then
BIOS does not need to take any action.
If at least one P-state is disabled on a processor node by performing the power delivery compatibility check
and at least one P-state remains enabled for that processor node, then BIOS must perform the following steps:
1. If the P-state pointed to by MSRC001_0063[CurPstate] is disabled by the power delivery compatibility
check, then BIOS must request a transition to an enabled P-state using MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd] and
wait for MSRC001_0063[CurPstate] to reflect the new value.
2. Copy the contents of the enabled P-state MSRs (MSRC001_00[68:64]) to the highest performance P-state
locations. E.g. if P0 and P1 are disabled by the power delivery compatibility check and P2 - P4 remain
enabled, then the contents of P2 - P4 should be copied to P0 - P2 and P3 and P4 should be disabled (PstateEn=0). This step uses software P-state numbering. See 2.4.2.1.2.1 [Software P-state Numbering].
3. Request a P-state transition to the P-state MSR containing the COF/VID values currently applied. E.g. If
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MSRC001_0063[CurPstate]=100b and P4 P-state MSR information is copied to P2 in step 2, then BIOS
should write 010b to MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd] and wait for MSRC001_0063[CurPstate] to reflect the
new value.
4. For revision E systems with CPUID Fn8000_0007[CPB]=1, if P0 is disabled then program F4x15C[BoostSrc]=0. This step uses hardware P-state numbering. See 2.4.2.1.2.2 [Hardware P-state Numbering].
5. Adjust the following P-state parameters affected by the P-state MSR copy by subtracting the number of
software P-states that are disabled by the power delivery compatibility check. This calculation should not
wrap, but saturate at 0. E.g. if P0 and P1 are disabled, then each of the following register fields should have
2 subtracted from them:
• F3x64[HtcPstateLimit]
• F3x68[StcPstateLimit]
• F3xDC[PstateMaxVal]
If any processor node has all P-states disabled after peforming the power delivery compatibility check, then
BIOS must perform the following steps. Note that this does not guarantee operation, and that BIOS should
notify the user of the incompatibility between the processor and systemboard if possible.
1. If MSRC001_0063[CurPstate]!=MSRC001_0061[PstateMaxVal], then write MSRC001_0061[PstateMaxVal] to MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd] and wait for MSRC001_0063[CurPstate] to reflect the new value.
2. If MSRC001_0061[PstateMaxVal]!=000b copy the contents of the P-state MSR pointed to by
MSRC001_0061[PstateMaxVal] to the P0 MSR and set MSRC001_00[68:64][PstateEn]; Write 000b to
MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd] and wait for MSRC001_0063[CurPstate] to reflect the new value. This step
uses software P-state numbering. See 2.4.2.1.2.1 [Software P-state Numbering].
3. Adjust the following fields to 000b for revision D and earlier processors. For revision E processors adjust
the following fields to F4x15C[NumBoostStates].
• F3x64[HtcPstateLimit]
• F3x68[StcPstateLimit]
• F3xDC[PstateMaxVal]
4. For revision E systems with CPUID Fn8000_0007[CPB]=1, program F4x15C[BoostSrc]=0.
2.4.2.12
Mixed-Frequency and Power P-State Configuration
Processors with different P-state CPU COFs and powers can be mixed in a system. All cores must have the
same number of P-states, and all equivalent P-states must have identical ACPI CoreFreq and Power settings.
The CoreFreq and Power values are derived from MSRC001_00[68:64][PstateEn, CpuFid, CpuDid, IddDiv,
and IddValue] using the formulas described in section 2.4.2.13.2 [_PSS (Performance Supported States)].
• If MSRC001_00[68:64][PstateEn, CpuFid, CpuDid, IddDiv, and IddValue] are identical for all processors,
no BIOS modifications to [The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64] are necessary.
• If MSRC001_00[68:64][PstateEn,CpuFid, or CpuDid] differs between processors, sections 2.4.2.12.2
[Mixed Frequency and Power P-State Configuration Rules] and 2.4.2.12.3 [Mixed Frequency and Power PState Configuration Sequence] are used to determine the common set of P-states and define the required
BIOS modifications to [The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64].
• If MSRC001_00[68:64][IddDiv or IddValue] differs between processors and MSRC001_00[68:64][PstateEn,CpuFid, and CpuDid] do not differ between processors, section 2.4.2.12.1 [Mixed Power P-State Configuration Sequence] defines the required BIOS modifications to [The P-State [4:0] Registers]
MSRC001_00[68:64].
2.4.2.12.1
Mixed Power P-State Configuration Sequence
BIOS must match the MSRC001_00[68:64][IddDiv and IddValue] fields for each P-state across all processors
using the following sequence. For each MSRC001_00[68:64] with PstateEn=1:
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1. Read IddDiv and IddValue for all processors.
2. Calculate the resulting power for each processor using the formula documented in 2.4.2.13.2 [_PSS (Performance Supported States)].
3. Identify the highest power for all processors.
4. Program IddDiv and IddValue for all processors equal to the values for the processor with the highest calculated power.
2.4.2.12.2
Mixed Frequency and Power P-State Configuration Rules
• Processors with only one enabled P-state (F3xDC[PstateMaxVal]=000b) cannot be mixed in a system with
processors with more than one enabled P-state (F3xDC[PstateMaxVal]!=000b).
• Processors with F3xE8[HTC Capable]=1 cannot be mixed in a system with processors with F3xE8[HTC
Capable]=0.
• In a system where one or more cores are forced down to one P-state due to board power limitations (see
2.4.2.11 [Processor-Systemboard Power Delivery Compatibility Check]), all other cores in the system must
be placed into the P-state specified by F3x64[HtcPstateLimit]. The transition to the HTC P-state can be done
at any time during the BIOS POST routine. HTC P-states must be matched according to the guidelines specified in 2.4.2.12.3 [Mixed Frequency and Power P-State Configuration Sequence]. The HTC P-state limit
should be used regardless of the F3xE8[HTC Capable] value. The remaining requirements in this section can
be skipped.
• The maximum performance P-state (P0) CPU COF for the system is equivalent to the lowest P0 CPU COF
for any processor in the system.
• The number of P-states for the system is equivalent to, or lower than, the least number of P-states for any
processor in the system.
• All CPU COF calculations are rounded to the nearest 100 MHz frequency for the purposes of frequency
matching.
• The CPU COF for any enabled P-state can be lowered by modifying the MSRC001_00[68:64][CpuFid] field
from the cold reset value.
• The power for any enabled P-state can be modified by writing to MSRC001_00[68:64][IddDiv, IddValue].
• P-states can be invalidated by setting MSRC001_00[68:64][PstateEn]=0.
• P-states that are disabled at cold reset should not be enabled.
• MSRC001_00[68:64][CpuDid, CpuVid, NbDid, NbVid] cold reset values are not modified by the mixed frequency P-state configuration sequence for any P-state.
• No P-state changes are allowed until all appropriate steps of the sequence are complete.
2.4.2.12.3
Mixed Frequency and Power P-State Configuration Sequence
1. Verify the rules in section 2.4.2.12.2 [Mixed Frequency and Power P-State Configuration Rules] regarding
F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] and F3xE8[HTC Capable] for all processors.
2. Match P0 CPU COF for all cores to the lowest P0 CPU COF value in the coherent fabric, and match P0
power for all cores to the highest P0 power value in the coherent fabric.
• If all processors have only 1 enabled P-state, the following sequence should be performed on all cores:
• Write the appropriate CpuFid value resulting from the matched CPU COF to MSRC001_0064[CpuFid].
• Copy MSRC001_0064 to MSRC001_0065.
• Write 001b to F3xDC[PstatemaxVal].
• Write 001b to MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd].
• Wait for MSRC001_0071[CurCpuFid] = MSRC001_0065[CpuFid].
• Write 000b to MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd].
• Wait for MSRC001_0071[CurCpuFid] = MSRC001_0064[CpuFid].
• Write 0b to MSRC001_0065[PstateEn].
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• Write 000b to F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] and exit the sequence (no further steps are required).
Table 12: Representative mixed frequency P-state table example (step 2)
Cold Reset
Post-Step 2
Processor 0 Processor 1 Processor 2 Processor 3 Processor 0 Processor 1 Processor 2 Processor 3
2.5 GHz
2.7 GHz
3.2 GHz
2.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
P0
90 W
90 W
100 W
70 W
100 W
100 W
100 W
100 W
MSR
P1
2.2 GHz1
80 W
2.4 GHz
80 W
3.0 GHz1
90 W
2.3 GHz1
60 W
2.2 GHz1
80 W
2.4 GHz
80 W
3.0 GHz1
90 W
2.3 GHz1
60 W
P2
1.8 GHz
70 W
2.2 GHz1
70 W
2.4 GHz
80 W
1.8 GHz
50 W
1.8 GHz
70 W
2.2 GHz1
70 W
2.4 GHz
80 W
1.8 GHz
50 W
P3
1.2 GHz
60 W
1.0 GHz
60 W
1.6 GHz
70 W
500 MHz2
40 W
1.2 GHz
60 W
1.0 GHz
60 W
1.6 GHz
70 W
500 MHz2
40 W
P4
500 MHz2 600 MHz2 500 MHz2
50 W
50 W
60 W
N/A3
500 MHz2 600 MHz2 500 MHz2
50 W
50 W
60 W
N/A3
Refer to Table 17 for notes.
3. Match the CPU COF and power for P-states used by HTC:
• Skip to step 4 if any processor reports F3xE8[HTC Capable]=0.
• Set F3x64[HtcPstateLimit]=001b and F3x68[StcPstateLimit]=001b for processors with F3x64[HtcPstateLimit]=000b.
• Identify the lowest CPU COF for all processors in the P-state pointed to by [The Hardware Thermal
Control (HTC) Register] F3x64[HtcPstateLimit].
• Modify the CPU COF pointed to by [The Hardware Thermal Control (HTC) Register] F3x64[HtcPstateLimit] to the previously identified lowest CPU COF value.
• Identify the highest power for all processors in the P-state pointed to by [The Hardware Thermal Control
(HTC) Register] F3x64[HtcPstateLimit].
• Modify the power pointed to by [The Hardware Thermal Control (HTC) Register] F3x64[HtcPstateLimit] to the previously identified highest power value.
Table 13: Representative mixed frequency P-state table example (step 3)
Cold Reset
Post-Step 3
Processor 0 Processor 1 Processor 2 Processor 3 Processor 0 Processor 1 Processor 2 Processor 3
2.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
2.7 GHz
3.2 GHz
2.5 GHz
P0
100 W
100 W
100 W
100 W
90 W
90 W
100 W
70 W
MSR
P1
2.2 GHz1
80 W
2.4 GHz
80 W
3.0 GHz1
90 W
2.3 GHz1
60 W
2.2 GHz1
90 W
2.4 GHz
80 W
2.2 GHz1
90 W
2.2 GHz1
90 W
P2
1.8 GHz
70 W
2.2 GHz1
70 W
2.4 GHz
80 W
1.8 GHz
50 W
1.8 GHz
70 W
2.2 GHz1
90 W
2.4 GHz
80 W
1.8 GHz
50 W
P3
1.2 GHz
60 W
1.0 GHz
60 W
1.6 GHz
70 W
500 MHz2
40 W
1.2 GHz
60 W
1.0 GHz
60 W
1.6 GHz
70 W
500 MHz2
40 W
P4
500 MHz2 600 MHz2 500 MHz2
50 W
50 W
60 W
N/A3
500 MHz2 600 MHz2 500 MH2z
60 W
50 W
50 W
N/A3
Refer to Table 17 for notes.
4. Match the CPU COF and power for the lowest performance P-state:
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• If F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] = F3x64[HtcPstateLimit] for any processor, set PstateEn=0 for all P-states
greater than the P-state pointed to by F3x64[HtcPstateLimit] for all processors.
• Identify the lowest CPU COF for all processors in the P-state pointed to by F3xDC[PstateMaxVal].
• Modify the CPU COF for all processors in the P-state pointed to by F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] to the previously identified lowest CPU COF value.
• Identify the highest power for all processors in the P-state pointed to by F3xDC[PstateMaxVal].
• Modify the power for all processors in the P-state pointed to by F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] to the previously
identified highest power value.
Table 14: Representative mixed frequency P-state table example (step 4)
Cold Reset
Post-Step 4
Processor 0 Processor 1 Processor 2 Processor 3 Processor 0 Processor 1 Processor 2 Processor 3
2.5 GHz
2.7 GHz
3.2 GHz
2.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
P0
90 W
90 W
100 W
70 W
100 W
100 W
100 W
100 W
MSR
P1
2.2 GHz1
80 W
2.4 GHz
80 W
3.0 GHz1
90 W
2.3 GHz1
60 W
2.2 GHz1
90 W
2.4 GHz
80 W
2.2 GHz1
90 W
2.2 GHz1
90 W
P2
1.8 GHz
70 W
2.2 GHz1
70 W
2.4 GHz
80 W
1.8 GHz
50 W
1.8 GHz
70 W
2.2 GHz1
90 W
2.4 GHz
80 W
1.8 GHz
50 W
P3
1.2 GHz
60 W
1.0 GHz
60 W
1.6 GHz
70 W
500 MHz2
40 W
1.2 GHz
60 W
1.0 GHz
60 W
1.6 GHz
70 W
500 MHz2
60 W
P4
500 MHz2 600 MHz2 500 MHz2
50 W
50 W
60 W
N/A3
500 MHz2 500 MHz2 500 MHz2
60 W
60 W
60 W
N/A3
Refer to Table 17 for notes.
5. Modify F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] to indicate the lowest performance P-state with PstateEn set for each processor (step 4 can disable P-states pointed to by F3xDC[PstateMaxVal]).
6. Match the CPU COF and power for upper intermediate P-states:
• Upper intermediate P-states = P-states between (not including) P0 and F3x64[HtcPstateLimit].
• If F3x64[HtcPstateLimit] = 001b for any processor, set PstateEn=0 for enabled upper intermediate Pstates for all processors with F3x64[HtcPstateLimit] > 001b and skip the remaining actions for this numbered step.
• Define each of the available upper intermediate P-states; for each processor concurrently evaluate the
following loop; when any processor falls out of the loop (runs out of available upper intermediate Pstates) all other processors have their remaining upper intermediate P-states invalidated (PstateEn=0);
for (i = F3x64[HtcPstateLimit]-1; i > 0; i--)
• Identify the lowest CPU COF for P(i).
• Identify the highest power for P(i).
• Modify P(i) CPU COF for all processors to the previously identified lowest CPU COF value.
• Modify P(i) power for all processors to the previously identified highest power value.
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Table 15: Representative mixed frequency P-state table example (step 6)
Post-Step 6
Cold Reset
Processor 0 Processor 1 Processor 2 Processor 3 Processor 0 Processor 1 Processor 2 Processor 3
2.5 GHz
2.7 GHz
3.2 GHz
2.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
P0
90 W
90 W
100 W
70 W
100 W
100 W
100 W
100 W
MSR
P1
2.2 GHz1
80 W
2.4 GHz
80 W
3.0 GHz1
90 W
2.3 GHz1
60 W
2.2 GHz1
90 W
N/A3
2.2 GHz1
90 W
2.2 GHz1
90 W
P2
1.8 GHz
70 W
2.2 GHz1
70 W
2.4 GHz
80 W
1.8 GHz
50 W
1.8 GHz
70 W
2.2 GHz1
90 W
2.4 GHz
80 W
1.8 GHz
50 W
P3
1.2 GHz
60 W
1.0 GHz
60 W
1.6 GHz
70 W
500 MHz2
40 W
1.2 GHz
60 W
1.0 GHz
60 W
1.6 GHz
70 W
500 MHz2
60 W
P4
500 MHz2 600 MHz2 500 MHz2
50 W
50 W
60 W
N/A3
500 MHz2 500 MHz2 500 MHz2
60 W
60 W
60 W
N/A3
Refer to Table 17 for notes.
Example description:
F3x64[HtcPstateLimit] = 001b for processors 0, 2, and 3. Therefore, the conditions of the first bullet are satisfied and processor 1 must have P1 invalidated (remaining upper intermediate P-state). Execution skips to the
next numbered step.
7. Match the CPU COF and power for lower intermediate P-states:
• Lower intermediate P-states = P-states between (not including) F3x64[HtcPstateLimit] and
F3xDC[PstateMaxVal]
• If F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] - F3x64[HtcPstateLimit] < 2 for any processor, set PstateEn=0 for enabled
lower intermediate P-states for all processors with F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] - F3x64[HtcPstateLimit] > 1
and skip the remaining actions for this numbered step.
• Define each of the available lower intermediate P-states; for each processor concurrently evaluate the
following loop; when any processor falls out of the loop (runs out of available lower intermediate Pstates) all other processors have their remaining lower intermediate P-states invalidated (PstateEn=0);
for (i = F3xDC[PstateMaxVal]-1; i > F3x64[HtcPstateLimit]; i--)
• Identify the lowest CPU COF for P(i).
• Identify the highest power P(i).
• Modify P(i) CPU COF for all processors to the previously identified lowest CPU COF value.
• Modify P(i) power for all processors to the previously identified highest power value.
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Table 16: Representative mixed frequency P-state table example (step 7)
Post-Step 7
Cold Reset
Processor 0 Processor 1 Processor 2 Processor 3 Processor 0 Processor 1 Processor 2 Processor 3
2.5 GHz
2.7 GHz
3.2 GHz
2.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
P0
90 W
90 W
100 W
70 W
100 W
100 W
100 W
100 W
MSR
P1
2.2 GHz1
80 W
2.4 GHz
80 W
3.0 GHz1
90 W
2.3 GHz1
60 W
2.2 GHz1
90 W
N/A3
2.2 GHz1
90 W
2.2 GHz1
90 W
P2
1.8 GHz
70 W
2.2 GHz1
70 W
2.4 GHz
80 W
1.8 GHz
50 W
N/A3
2.2 GHz1
90 W
N/A3
1.0 GHz
70 W
P3
1.2 GHz
60 W
1.0 GHz
60 W
1.6 GHz
70 W
500 MHz2
40 W
1.0 GHz
70 W
1.0 GHz
70 W
1.0 GHz
70 W
500 MHz2
60 W
P4
500 MHz2 600 MHz2 500 MHz2
50 W
50 W
60 W
N/A3
500 MHz2 500 MHz2 500 MHz2
60 W
60 W
60 W
N/A3
Refer to Table 17 for notes.
Example description:
F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] - F3x64[HtcPstateLimit] > 1 for all processors. Therefore, the conditions of the first
bullet are not met and execution continues to bullet two.
Loop index i initializes to:
P3 for processors 0, 1, and 2
P2 for processor 3
On the first iteration of the loop processor 1 has the lowest CPU COF of 1.0 GHz for P(i), and processor 2 has
the highest power of 70 W for P(i). The P(i) values of each processor are modified to 1.0 GHz and 70 W.
The loop index i is decremented for all processors.
Processor 1 fails the loop index test of i > F3x64[HtcPstateLimit] with i = 2 and F3x64[HtcPstateLimit] = 2.
Processor 3 fails the loop index test of i > F3x64[HtcPstateLimit] with i = 1 and F3x64[HtcPstateLimit] = 1.
P2 is invalidated for processors 0 and 2 (remaining lower intermediate P-state).
Execution skips to the next numbered step.
8. Place all cores into a valid COF and VID configuration corresponding to an enabled P-state:
• Select an enabled P-state not equal to the P-state pointed to by MSRC001_0063[CurPstate] for each
core.
• Transition all cores to the selected P-states by writing the Control value from the _PSS object corresponding to the selected P-state to MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd].
• Wait for all cores to report the Status value from the _PSS object corresponding to the selected P-state in
MSRC001_0063[CurPstate].
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Table 17: Representative mixed frequency P-state table example (final)
Post-Algorithm
Cold Reset
Processor 0 Processor 1 Processor 2 Processor 3 Processor 0 Processor 1 Processor 2 Processor 3
2.5 GHz
2.7 GHz
3.2 GHz
2.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
P0
90 W
90 W
100 W
70 W
100 W
100 W
100 W
100 W
MSR
P1
2.2 GHz1
80 W
2.4 GHz
80 W
3.0 GHz1
90 W
2.3 GHz1
60 W
2.2 GHz1
90 W
N/A3
2.2 GHz1
90 W
2.2 GHz1
90 W
P2
1.8 GHz
70 W
2.2 GHz1
70 W
2.4 GHz
80 W
1.8 GHz
50 W
N/A3
2.2 GHz1
90 W
N/A3
1.0 GHz
70 W
P3
1.2 GHz
60 W
1.0 GHz
60 W
1.6 GHz
70 W
500 MHz2
40 W
1.0 GHz
70 W
1.0 GHz
70 W
1.0 GHz
70 W
500 MHz2
60 W
P4
500 MHz2 600 MHz2 500 MHz2
50 W
50 W
60 W
N/A3
500 MHz2 500 MHz2 500 MHz2
60 W
60 W
60 W
N/A3
Notes:
1) Indicates the P-state pointed to by F3x64[HtcPstateLimit].
2) Indicates the P-state pointed to by F3xDC[PstateMaxVal].
3) N/A indicates a P-state with MSRC001_00[68:64][PstateEn]=0.
Italics indicates values modified by the mixed frequency P-state algorithm from the cold reset value.
Bold Italics indicates values modified by this step of the mixed frequency P-state algorithm from the cold reset
value.
MSRC001_00[68:64][CpuVid, NbVid, NbDid] are not modified by the mixed frequency P-state algorithm and
are not shown.
Table 18: Representative mixed frequency _PSS object example
P-state
0
1
2
3
Processor 0
CoreFreq = 2.5 GHz
Power = 100 W
Control = Status = 0h
CoreFreq = 2.2 GHz*
Power = 90 W
Control = Status = 1h
CoreFreq = 1.0 GHz
Power = 70 W
Control = Status = 3h
CoreFreq = 500 MHz
Power = 60 W
Control = Status = 4h
Post-Algorithm _PSS
Processor 1
Processor 2
CoreFreq = 2.5 GHz
CoreFreq = 2.5 GHz
Power = 100 W
Power = 100 W
Control = Status = 0h Control = Status = 0h
CoreFreq = 2.2 GHz* CoreFreq = 2.2 GHz*
Power = 90 W
Power = 90 W
Control = Status = 2h Control = Status = 1h
CoreFreq = 1.0 GHz
CoreFreq = 1.0 GHz
Power = 70 W
Power = 70 W
Control = Status = 3h Control = Status = 3h
CoreFreq = 500 MHz CoreFreq = 500 MHz
Power = 60 W
Power = 60 W
Control = Status = 4h Control = Status = 4h
Processor 3
CoreFreq = 2.5 GHz
Power = 100 W
Control = Status = 0h
CoreFreq = 2.2 GHz*
Power = 90 W
Control = Status = 1h
CoreFreq = 1.0 GHz
Power = 70 W
Control = Status = 2h
CoreFreq = 500 MHz
Power = 60 W
Control = Status = 3h
Notes:
* Indicates the P-state pointed to by F3x64[HtcPstateLimit] at cold reset.
Refer to section 2.4.2.13.2 [_PSS (Performance Supported States)] for details on _PSS object creation and field
definitions for CoreFreq, Power, Control, and Status.
TransitionLatency and BusMasterLatency are not modified by the by the mixed frequency P-state algorithm
and are not shown.
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Units are not indicative of the conventions required by the ACPI _PSS object. Refer to section 2.4.2.13.2
[_PSS (Performance Supported States)] for details on _PSS object creation.
2.4.2.13
ACPI Processor P-State Objects
ACPI 2.0 and ACPI 3.0 processor performance control for processors reporting CPUID Fn8000_0007[HwPstate]=1 is implemented through two objects whose presence indicates to the OS that the platform and CPU are
capable of supporting multiple performance states. Processor performance states are not supported with ACPI
1.0b. BIOS must provide the _PCT object, _PSS object, and define other ACPI parameters to support operating
systems that provide native support for processor P-state transitions. Other optional ACPI objects are also
described in the following sections.
The following rules apply to BIOS generated ACPI objects. Refer to the appropriate ACPI specification
(http://www.acpi.info) for additional details:
•
•
•
•
In a multiprocessing environment, all processors must support the same number of performance states.
Each processor performance state must have identical performance and power-consumption parameters.
Performance objects must be present under each processor object in the system.
In a system where one or more cores are forced down to one P-state due to board power limitations (see
2.4.2.11 [Processor-Systemboard Power Delivery Compatibility Check]), no ACPI objects should be generated.
2.4.2.13.1
_PCT (Performance Control)
BIOS must declare the performance control object parameters as functional fixed hardware. This definition
indicates the processor driver understands the architectural definition of the P-state interface associated with
CPUID Fn8000_0007[HwPstate]=1.
• Perf_Ctrl_Register = Functional Fixed Hardware
• Perf_Status_Register = Functional Fixed Hardware
2.4.2.13.2
_PSS (Performance Supported States)
A unique _PSS entry is created for each P-state. BIOS must loop through each of [The P-State [4:0] Registers]
MSRC001_00[68:64] applying the formulas for CoreFreq and Power, and assigning Control and Status appropriately for enabled P-states (PstateEn=1). The TransitionLatency and BusMasterLatency values can be calculated once for each processor and applied to all _PSS entries for cores on that processor.
The value contained in the Control field is written to [The P-State Control Register] MSRC001_0062 to
request a P-state change to the CoreFreq of the associated _PSS object. The value in the Control field is a direct
indication of the P-state register (MSRC001_00[68:64]) that contains the COF and VID settings for the associated P-state. The value contained in [The P-State Status Register] MSRC001_0063 can be used to identify the
_PSS object of the current P-state by equating MSRC001_0063[CurPstate] to the value of the Status field.
Refer to section 2.4.2 [P-states] for further details on P-state definition and behavior.
• CoreFreq (MHz) = Calculated using the formula for ‘CPU COF’ documented in MSRC001_00[68:64][CpuFid]. All CoreFreq values must be rounded to the nearest 100 MHz frequency resulting in a maximum of 50
MHz frequency difference between the reported CoreFreq and calculated CPU COF.
• Power (mW)
• Convert MSRC001_00[68:64][CpuVid] to a voltage by referring to section 2.4.1.6 [VID Encodings]
• Power(mW) = voltage * MSRC001_00[68:64][IddValue] * 1/10^MSRC001_00[68:64][IddDiv] * 1000
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• TransitionLatency (us) and BusMasterLatency (us)
• If MSRC001_00[68:64][CpuFid] is the same value for all P-states where
MSRC001_00[68:64][PstateEn]=1: TransitionLatency = BusMasterLatency = (12 *
(F3xD4[PowerStepDown] + F3xD4[PowerStepUp]) / 1000) us
• If MSRC001_00[68:64][CpuFid] is different for any P-states where MSRC001_00[68:64][PstateEn]=1:
TransitionLatency = BusMasterLatency = (12 * (F3xD4[PowerStepDown] + F3xD4[PowerStepUp]) /
1000) us + F3xA0[PllLockTime] us
Example:
MSRC001_00[68:64][CpuFid] = 4h (2000 MHz) for P0, P3, and P4
MSRC001_00[68:64][CpuFid] = 3h (1800 MHz) for P1
MSRC001_00[68:64][CpuFid] = 2h (1600 MHz) for P2
F3xD4[PowerStepDown] = F3xD4[PowerStepUp] = 8h (50 ns/step)
F3xA0[PllLockTime] = 011b (4 us)
TransitionLatency = BusMasterLatency = (12 * (50 + 50) / 1000) us + 4 us = 5.2 us (round up to 6 us)
• Control
• If MSRC001_0064 (P0): Control = 0000_0000h
• If MSRC001_0065 (P1): Control = 0000_0001h
• If MSRC001_0066 (P2): Control = 0000_0002h
• If MSRC001_0067 (P3): Control = 0000_0003h
• If MSRC001_0068 (P4): Control = 0000_0004h
• Status
• If MSRC001_0064 (P0): Status = 0000_0000h
• If MSRC001_0065 (P1): Status = 0000_0001h
• If MSRC001_0066 (P2): Status = 0000_0002h
• If MSRC001_0067 (P3): Status = 0000_0003h
• If MSRC001_0068 (P4): Status = 0000_0004h
2.4.2.13.3
_PPC (Performance Present Capabilities)
The _PPC object is optional. Refer to the ACPI specification for details on use and content.
2.4.2.13.4
_PSD (P-State Dependency)
For revision C and later single-link processors, the ACPI 3.0 _PSD object should be generated for each core as
follows:
•
•
•
•
•
NumberOfEntries = 5.
Revision = 0.
Domain = 0.
CoordType = FCh. (SW_ALL)
NumProcessors = CPUID Fn8000_0008_ECX[NC] + 1.
For all other processors, the ACPI 3.0 _PSD object must be generated for each core as follows:
•
•
•
•
•
NumberOfEntries = 5.
Revision = 0.
Domain = CPUID Fn0000_0001_EBX[LocalApicId].
CoordType = FDh. (SW_ANY)
NumProcessors = 1.
For revision C and later single-link processors, BIOS should provide an option to choose between either _PSD
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definition.
2.4.2.13.5
Fixed ACPI Description Table (FADT) Entries
BIOS must declare the following FADT entries as 0. BIOS-controlled P-state transitions, if any, must be performed near the beginning of the POST routine before control is passed to the operating system. All subsequent
transitions are made by system software not the BIOS. System Management Mode is not used for P-state control.
• PSTATE_CNT = 00h
• CST_CNT = 00h
2.4.2.14
XPSS (Microsoft® Extended PSS) Object
Some Microsoft® operating systems require an XPSS object to make P-state changes function properly. A
BIOS that implements an XPSS object has special requirements for the _PCT object. See the Microsoft
Extended PSS ACPI Method Specification for the detailed requirements to implement these objects.
2.4.2.15
BIOS COF and VID Requirements After Warm Reset
Warm reset is asynchronous and can interrupt P-state transitions leaving the processor in a COF and VID state
not specified in [The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64]. Refer to section 2.4.2.5 [P-state Transition
Behavior] for P-state transition behavior when RESET_L is asserted. BIOS is required to transition the processor to valid COF and VID settings corresponding to an enabled P-state following warm reset. The cores may be
transitioned to either the maximum or minimum P-state COF and VID settings using the sequences defined in
section 2.4.2.15.2 [Core Maximum P-State Transition Sequence After Warm Reset] and 2.4.2.15.3 [Core Minimum P-State Transition Sequence After Warm Reset]. Transitioning to the minimum P-state after warm reset
is recommended to prevent undesired system behavior if a warm reset occurs before the 2.4.2.11 [ProcessorSystemboard Power Delivery Compatibility Check] is complete. BIOS is not required to manipulate NB COF
and VID settings following warm reset if the warm reset was issued by BIOS to update F3xD4[NbFid].
2.4.2.15.1
Core P-State Voltage Alignment After Warm Reset
This sequence should only be performed on systems that support CPB. See 2.4.2.1.1 [Core Performance Boost
(CPB)].
1. Write MSRC001_0063[CurPstate] to MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd] on every core in the processor.
2. Wait for MSRC001_0071[CurCpuVid] >= [CpuVid] from MSRC001_00[68:64] indexed by
F4x15C[NumBoostStates].
2.4.2.15.2
Core Maximum P-State Transition Sequence After Warm Reset
1. Modify F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] to reflect the lowest performance P-state supported, as indicated in
MSRC001_00[68:64][PstateEn].
2. If MSRC001_0071[CurNbDid] = 0, set MSRC001_001F[GfxNbPstateDis].
3. If MSRC001_0071[CurPstate] != MSRC001_0071[CurPstateLimit], go to step 18.
4. If F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] >= MSRC001_0071[CurPstateLimit] + 1, go to step 16.
5. If F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] != 4, go to step 7.
6. Exit the sequence (no further steps can be executed) since MSRC001_0071[CurPstate] =
MSRC001_0071[CurPstateLimit] = F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] = 4.
7. Copy [The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64] pointed to by MSRC001_0071[CurPstateLimit]
to [The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64] pointed to by MSRC001_0071[CurPstateLimit] + 1.
8. Write MSRC001_0071[CurPstateLimit] + 1 to F3xDC[PstateMaxVal].
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9. Write MSRC001_0061[CurPstateLimit] + 1 to MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd].
10. Wait for MSRC001_0071[CurCpuFid] = CpuFid from [The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64]
pointed to by MSRC001_0071[CurPstateLimit] + 1 and MSRC001_0071[CurCpuDid] = CpuDid from
[The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64] pointed to by MSRC001_0071[CurPstateLimit] + 1.
11. Copy MSRC001_0061[CurPstateLimit] to MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd].
12. Wait for MSRC001_0071[CurCpuFid] = CpuFid from [The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64]
pointed to by MSRC001_0071[CurPstateLimit] and MSRC001_0071[CurCpuDid] = CpuDid from [The PState [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64] pointed to by MSRC001_0071[CurPstateLimit].
13. If required, transition the NB COF and VID to the NbDid and NbVid from [The P-State [4:0] Registers]
MSRC001_00[68:64] pointed to by MSRC001_0071[CurPstateLimit] using the sequence defined in section 2.4.2.15.4 [NB COF and VID Transition Sequence After Warm Reset].
14. Write MSRC001_00[68:64][PstateEn]=0 for the P-state pointed to by F3xDC[PstateMaxVal].
15. Write MSRC001_0071[CurPstateLimit] to F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] and exit the sequence (no further steps
are required).
16. Write MSRC001_0061[CurPstateLimit] + 1 to MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd].
17. Wait for MSRC001_0071[CurCpuFid] = CpuFid from [The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64]
pointed to by MSRC001_0071[CurPstateLimit] + 1 and MSRC001_0071[CurCpuDid] = CpuDid from
[The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64] pointed to by MSRC001_0071[CurPstateLimit] + 1.
18. Copy MSRC001_0061[CurPstateLimit] to MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd].
19. Wait for MSRC001_0071[CurCpuFid] = CpuFid from [The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64]
pointed to by MSRC001_0071[CurPstateLimit] and MSRC001_0071[CurCpuDid] = CpuDid from [The PState [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64] pointed to by MSRC001_0071[CurPstateLimit].
20. Set MSRC001_001F[GfxNbPstateDis].
21. Issue an LDTSTOP assertion in the IO hub and exit the sequence (no further steps are required). This is
required to cause the new F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][WidthIn, WidthOut] settings to be applied in cases where
step 19 does not result in an NB P-state change.
22. If required, transition the NB COF and VID to the NbDid and NbVid from [The P-State [4:0] Registers]
MSRC001_00[68:64] pointed to by MSRC001_0071[CurPstateLimit] using the sequence defined in section 2.4.2.15.4 [NB COF and VID Transition Sequence After Warm Reset].
2.4.2.15.3
Core Minimum P-State Transition Sequence After Warm Reset
1. Modify F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] to reflect the lowest performance P-state supported, as indicated in
MSRC001_00[68:64][PstateEn].
2. If MSRC001_0071[CurNbDid] = 0, set MSRC001_001F[GfxNbPstateDis].
3. If MSRC001_0071[CurPstate] != F3xDC[PstateMaxVal], go to step 20.
4. If F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] = 0 or F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] != 4, go to step 7.
5. If MSRC001_0061[CurPstateLimit] <= MSRC001_0061[PstateMaxVal] -1, go to step 17.
6. Exit the sequence (no further steps can be executed) since MSRC001_0071[CurPstate] =
MSRC001_0071[CurPstateLimit] = F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] = 4.
7. Copy [The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64] pointed to by F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] to [The PState [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64] pointed to by F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] + 1.
8. Write F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] + 1 to F3xDC[PstateMaxVal].
9. Write MSRC001_0061[PstateMaxVal] to MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd].
10. Wait for MSRC001_0071[CurCpuFid] = CpuFid from [The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64]
pointed to by F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] and MSRC001_0071[CurCpuDid] = CpuDid from [The P-State [4:0]
Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64] pointed to by F3xDC[PstateMaxVal].
11. Copy MSRC001_0061[PstateMaxVal] -1 to MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd].
12. Wait for MSRC001_0071[CurCpuFid] = CpuFid from [The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64]
pointed to by F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] -1 and MSRC001_0071[CurCpuDid] = CpuDid from [The P-State
[4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64] pointed to by F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] -1.
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13. If MSRC001_0071[CurNbDid] = 1, set MSRC001_001F[GfxNbPstateDis].
14. If required, transition the NB COF and VID to the NbDid and NbVid from [The P-State [4:0] Registers]
MSRC001_00[68:64] pointed to by F3xDC[CurPstateLimit] using the sequence defined in section
2.4.2.15.4 [NB COF and VID Transition Sequence After Warm Reset].
15. Write MSRC001_00[68:64][PstateEn]=0 for the P-state pointed to by F3xDC[PstateMaxVal].
16. Write F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] -1 to F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] and exit the sequence (no further steps are
required).
17. Copy MSRC001_0061[PstateMaxVal] - 1 to MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd].
18. Wait for MSRC001_0071[CurCpuFid] = CpuFid from [The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64]
pointed to by F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] - 1 and MSRC001_0071[CurCpuDid] = CpuDid from [The P-State
[4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64] pointed to by F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] - 1.
19. If MSRC001_0071[CurNbDid] = 0, set MSRC001_001F[GfxNbPstateDis].
20. Copy MSRC001_0061[PstateMaxVal] to MSRC001_0062[PstateCmd].
21. Wait for MSRC001_0071[CurCpuFid] = CpuFid from [The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64]
pointed to by F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] and MSRC001_0071[CurCpuDid] = CpuDid from [The P-State [4:0]
Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64] pointed to by F3xDC[PstateMaxVal].
22. If MSRC001_0071[CurNbDid] = 1, set MSRC001_001F[GfxNbPstateDis] and exit the sequence (no further steps are required).
23. Issue an LDTSTOP assertion in the IO hub and exit the sequence (no further steps are required). This is
required to cause the new F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][WidthIn, WidthOut] settings to be applied.
24. If required, transition the NB COF and VID to NbDid and NbVid from [The P-State [4:0] Registers]
MSRC001_00[68:64] pointed to by F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] using the sequence defined in section
2.4.2.15.4 [NB COF and VID Transition Sequence After Warm Reset].
2.4.2.15.4
NB COF and VID Transition Sequence After Warm Reset
If the destination NbDid=0:
1. Transition MSRC001_0070[NbVid] to the destination NbVid using the sequence defined in section 2.4.1.9
[Software-Initiated Voltage Transitions].
2. Write 0 to MSRC001_0070[NbDid].
3. Wait for MSRC001_0071[CurNbDid]=0.
If the destination NbDid=1:
1. Write 1 to MSRC001_0070[NbDid] on all cores.
2. Wait for MSRC001_0071[CurNbDid]=1 on all cores.
3. Transition MSRC001_0070[NbVid] to the destination NbVid using the sequence defined in section 2.4.1.9
[Software-Initiated Voltage Transitions].
2.4.3
C-states
C-states are processor power states in which the processor is powered but may or may not execute instructions.
C0 is the operational state in which instructions are executed. All other C-states are low-power states in which
instructions are not executed. C0 and C1 are ACPI-defined states, see the ACPI specification for details. C1E is
an AMD specific state. When coming out of warm and cold reset, the processor is transitioned to the C0 state.
2.4.3.1
C-state Names and Numbers
C-states are often referred to by an alphanumeric naming convention, C1, C2, C3, etc. The mapping between
ACPI defined C-states and AMD specified C-state actions is not direct. See 2.4.3.2 [C-state Request Interface].
The actions taken by the processor when entering a low power C-state are specified by [The ACPI Power State
Control Registers] F3x[84:80].
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C-state Request Interface
C-states are dynamically requested by software and are exposed through ACPI objects (see 2.4.3.6 [ACPI Processor C-state Objects]). C-states can be requested on a per-core basis. Software requests a C-state change in
one of two ways, either by executing the HLT instruction or, for revision E, by reading from an IO address
specified by MSRC001_0073[CstateAddr]. The processor always returns 0 for this IO read.
2.4.3.3
C1 Enhanced State (C1E)
The C1 enhanced state (C1E) is a stop-grant state supported by the processor. The C1E state is characterized by
the following properties:
• All cores are in the halt (C1) state.
• The ACPI-defined P_LVL3 register has been accessed.
• The chipset has issued a STPCLK assertion message with the appropriate SMAF for C1E entry. Note that
[The ACPI Power State Control Registers] F3x[84:80] specify the processor clocking and voltage behavior
in response to the C1E SMAF.
• The processor has issued a STOP_GRANT message to the chipset.
General requirements for C1E:
• The ACPI-defined C2 and C3 states must not be declared to the operating system.
• C1E should only be enabled when the platform is in ACPI power management mode.
2.4.3.3.1
SMI Initiated C1E
When C1E is enabled and the processor detects that all cores have entered the halt state, the processor sends an
IO write to the SMI command port in the chipset. This causes the chipset to generate an SMI. It is expected that
the SMI targets all cores and therefore all cores enter SMM. The SMM handler may or may not place the system into the C1E state. See 2.4.3.3.2.1 [SMM Handler Requirements for C1E] for a description. SMI initiated
C1E is only supported on single link systems.
2.4.3.3.2
BIOS Requirements to Initialize SMI Initiated C1E
On all cores:
• MSRC001_0055[SmiOnCmpHalt] = 1.
• MSRC001_0055[C1eOnCmpHalt] = 0.
• MSRC001_0055[IORd] = 0.
• MSRC001_0055[IOMsgAddr] = Address of the chipset’s SMI command port.
• MSRC001_0055[IOMsgData] = Unique number used by the SMI handler to identify this SMI source.
• F3xD4[MTC1eEn]=0.
• BIOS must also setup the SMM handler as described below.
2.4.3.3.2.1
SMM Handler Requirements for C1E
The system may have other SMM handler functions in addition to the C1E handler. If this is the case, they may
be executed before or after the C1E handler.
The SMM handler on each AP should:
Read a value from the SMI command port
if (value == MSRC001_0055[IOMsgData])
{
Wait for indication from the BSC to continue
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}
Resume from SMM
The SMM handler on the BSC should:
Read a value from the SMI command port
if (value == MSRC001_0055[IOMsgData])
{
Read SMMFEC9[HLT] on all cores
if (SMMFEC9[HLT] == 1 on all cores)
{
Set the BM_RLD bit (bit 1) of the ACPI-defined PM1 control register
Read the BM_STS bit (bit 4) of the ACPI-defined PM1 status register
if (BM_STS == 1)
{
Clear the BM_STS bit
Store the value of the ACPI timer
Issue IO read to the ACPI-defined P_LVL2 register
}
else
{
Read ACPI timer and compare to the last stored timer value
if (time since last store value < 20ms)
{
Issue IO read to the ACPI-defined P_LVL2 register
}
else
{
Set the ARB_DIS bit (bit 0) of the ACPI-defined PM2 control register
Issue an IO read to the ACPI-defined P_LVL3 register
}
}
}
}
Resume from SMM
2.4.3.3.3
Hardware Initiated C1E
When C1E is enabled and the processor detects that all cores have entered the halt state, the processor sends an
IO read to the ACPI-defined P_LVL3 register. This places the system into the C1E state. Hardware initiated
C1E is only supported on single link systems. Hardware initiated C1E is recommended over SMI initiated C1E
for revisions where both are supported. See Table 2.
2.4.3.3.3.1
BIOS Requirements to Initialize Hardware Initiated C1E
On all cores:
• MSRC001_0055[SmiOnCmpHalt] = 0.
• MSRC001_0055[C1eOnCmpHalt] = 1.
• MSRC001_0055[IORd] = 1.
• MSRC001_0055[IOMsgAddr] = Address of the ACPI-defined P_LVL3 register.
• F3xD4[MTC1eEn]=0.
2.4.3.3.4
Message Triggered C1E
Message triggered C1E is only supported on G34 and C32 processors. Feature support varies by revision. See
Table 2. The feature is built upon dedicated hardware, a set of specific messages, a board-level sideband signal,
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and timers in the IO hub.
The following board-level link-defined sideband signals are used in this protocol:
• ALLOW_LDTSTOP: Board-level wired-OR signal. ALLOW_LDTSTOP is driven by all chipset Northbridges in the system and is an input to the IO hub. When ALLOW_LDTSTOP is asserted, the IO hub is permitted to assert LDTSTOP_L. When ALLOW_LDTSTOP is deasserted the IO hub must deassert
LDTSTOP_L, and keep it deasserted until ALLOW_LDTSTOP asserts, after which a programmable period
of time must pass before LDTSTOP_L can be asserted. The IO hub must be configured to treat a deassertion
of ALLOW_LDTSTOP as also being an assertion of BMREQ#. BMREQ# is the bus-mastering request input
of the IO hub, and is a distinct input from ALLOW_LDTSTOP.
• IDLE_EXIT_L: Board-level wired-OR signal. IDLE_EXIT_L is driven by all processors in the system and
is an input to the IO hub. IDLE_EXIT_L is asserted by the processor when it receives a Fixed or ExtInt interrupt while the target core is in STOP_GRANT. When IDLE_EXIT_L is asserted, the IO hub initiates the
C1E exit sequence. IDLE_EXIT_L is deasserted by the processor when the target core exits STOP_GRANT.
See F3xA0[IdleExitEn].
2.4.3.3.5
BIOS Requirements to Initialize Message Triggered C1E
Message triggered C1E should be enabled on revision D1 and later G34 and C32 processors. To enable and
configure message triggered C1E, BIOS must program the following registers on all cores and nodes in the
system:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
MSRC001_0055[SmiOnCmpHalt]=0.
MSRC001_0055[C1eOnCmpHalt]=0.
MSRC001_0055[BmStsClrOnHltEn]=1.
MSRC001_0055[IOMsgAddr] equals the port address of the register in the IO Hub containing the ACPI
defined BM_STS bit.
F3xD4[MTC1eEn]=1.
F3xD4[CacheFlushImmOnAllHalt]=1.
F3xD4[StutterScrubEn]=1 if scrubbing is enabled (see 2.6.6 [Memory Scrubbers]).
F3xDC[CacheFlushOnHaltCtl] != 0.
MSRC001_0015[HltXSpCycEn]=1 on all cores in the system.
F3xA0[IdleExitEn]=1.
F3x188[EnStpGntOnFlushMaskWakeup]=1.
2.4.3.4
Cache Flush On Halt
A core can flush its L1 and L2 caches after it enters the Halt (C1) state. Once a core flushes its caches, probes
are no longer sent to that core. This improves probing performance for cores that are not halted. Feature support varies by revision. See Table 2.
When a HLT instruction is executed on a given core, a timer counts down for the amount of time specified by
F3xDC[CacheFlushOnHaltTmr]. When the timer expires, the core flushes its L1 and L2 caches to either the L3
(if the processor supports an L3) or to DRAM (if the processor does not support an L3) and the core clocks are
ramped down to a divisor specified by F3xDC[CacheFlushOnHaltCtl]. If the core exits halt for any reason, the
timer resets and begins counting again upon the next execution of a HLT instruction. When the core resumes
normal execution, the caches refill as normal.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
C5
The C5 state is a stop-grant state supported by the processor. C5 is characterized by the following properties:
• The processor is in the C1E state.
• All L1 and L2 caches are flushed prior to C1E entry. See 2.4.3.4 [Cache Flush On Halt].
• The altvid voltage specified by F3xDC[AltVid] is applied. See 2.4.1.5 [Alternative Voltage (Altvid)].
The following conditions are required to support C5:
• F3xDC[CacheFlushOnHaltCtl] != 0.
• MSRC001_0055[C1eOnCmpHalt] = 1.
• F3xDC[SlamTimeMode] = 00b or 10b.
• F3x188[EnStpGntOnFlushMaskWakeup]=1.
• F3xA0[SviHighFreqSel] = 1.
2.4.3.6
ACPI Processor C-state Objects
Processor power control is implemented through the _CST object in ACPI 2.0 and later revisions. The presence of the _CST object indicates to the OS that the platform and processor are capable of supporting multiple
power states. BIOS must provide the _CST object and define other ACPI parameters to support operating systems that provide native support for processor C-state transitions. See 2.4.3.6.1 [_CST].
The _CST object is not supported with ACPI 1.0b.
2.4.3.6.1
_CST
The _CST object should be generated for each core as follows:
• Count = 1.
• Register = MSRC001_0073[CstateAddr].
• Type = 2.
• Latency = 75.
• Power = 0.
2.4.3.6.2
_CRS
BIOS must declare in the root host bridge _CRS object that the IO address range from
MSRC001_0073[CstateAddr] to MSRC001_0073[CstateAddr]+7 is consumed by the host bridge.
2.4.4
ACPI Suspend to RAM State (S3)
The processor supports the ACPI-defined S3 state. Software is responsible for restoring the state of the processor’s registers when resuming from S3. All registers in the processor that BIOS initialized during the initial
boot must be restored. All registers in the processor that OS initialized must be restored or re-initialized by the
OS. The method used to restore the registers is system specific.
During S3 entry, system memory enters self-refresh mode. Software is responsible for bringing memory out of
self-refresh mode when resuming from S3.
The following sequence must be performed on each node. Steps 1 and 2 should only be performed once per
node. When the DRAM controllers are operating in ganged mode (F2x110[DctGangEn]=1):
• Steps 3, 4, 5, 7, and 8 should only be performed on DCT0.
• Steps 6, 9 and 10 should be performed on both DCT0 and DCT1.
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1. Restore [The DRAM Controller Select Low Register] F2x110.
2. Restore the following registers.
• [The DRAM Base/Limit Registers] F1x[1, 0][7C:40]
• [The DRAM Hole Address Register] F1xF0
• [The DRAM Base System Address Register] F1x120
• [The DRAM Limit System Address Register] F1x124
• [The Swap Interleaved Region Base/Limit Register] F2x10C
• [The DRAM Controller Select High Register] F2x114
• [The Memory Controller Configuration Low Register] F2x118
• [The Memory Controller Configuration High Register] F2x11C
• [The Extended Memory Controller Configuration Low Register] F2x1B0 for revision C and later.
• [The MCA NB Configuration Register] F3x44
• [The Variable-Size MTRRs (MTRRphysBasen and MTRRphysMaskn)] MSR0000_02[0F:00]
• [The Fixed-Size MTRRs (MTRRfixn)] MSR0000_02[6F:68, 59, 58, 50]
• [The MTRR Default Memory Type Register (MTRRdefType)] MSR0000_02FF
• [The System Configuration Register (SYS_CFG)] MSRC001_0010
• [The Top Of Memory Register (TOP_MEM)] MSRC001_001A
• [The Top Of Memory 2 Register (TOM2)] MSRC001_001D
• [The Northbridge Configuration Register (NB_CFG)] MSRC001_001F
3. Restore the following DCT registers.
• [The DRAM CS Base Address Registers] F2x[1, 0][5C:40]
• [The DRAM CS Mask Registers] F2x[1, 0][6C:60]
• [The DRAM Control Register] F2x[1, 0]78
• [The DRAM Initialization Register] F2x[1, 0]7C
• [The DRAM Bank Address Mapping Register] F2x[1, 0]80
• [The DRAM MRS Register] F2x[1, 0]84
• [The DRAM Timing Low Register] F2x[1, 0]88
• [The DRAM Timing High Register] F2x[1, 0]8C
• [The DRAM Configuration Low Register] F2x[1, 0]90
• [The DRAM Controller Temperature Throttle Register] F2x[1, 0]A4 for revision D and later.
• [The DRAM Controller Miscellaneous Register 2] F2x[1, 0]A8
4. Restore [The DRAM Configuration High Register] F2x[1, 0]94. In unganged mode, follow the frequency
initialization procedure specified in 2.8.9.8 [DRAM Channel Frequency Change].
5. Wait for F2x[1, 0]94[FreqChgInPrg]=0.
6. Restore F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F0[F,8:0]0[8,4,0], F2x[1, 0]9C_x00, F2x9C_x0A, and F2x[1, 0]9C_x0C.
7. Restore F2x[1, 0]9C_x04.
8. Set F2x[1, 0]90[ExitSelfRef]. For revision C and earlier processors, see 2.8.9.8 for additional requirements.
9. Wait for F2x[1, 0]90[ExitSelfRef]=0. Restore F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0FE006 and F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0FE007, and
MSRC001_001F[GfxNbPstateDis].
10. Restore the following registers before any accesses to DRAM are made:
• [The DRAM DQS Receiver Enable Timing Control Registers] F2x[1, 0]9C_x[2B:10]
• [The DRAM Write Data Timing [High:Low] Registers] F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]0[2:1]
• [The DRAM Write ECC Timing Register] F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]03
• [The DRAM Read DQS Timing Control [High:Low] Registers] F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]0[6:5]
• [The DRAM Read DQS ECC Timing Control Register] F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]07
• [The DRAM Phy Predriver Calibration Register] F2x9C_x0A
• [The DRAM Phy DLL Control Register] F2x[1, 0]9C_x0D
• [The Data Byte DLL Configuration Register] F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F0[F:0]13
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• [The Data Byte Configuration Register] F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F0[F:0]30
• [The Clock Configuration] F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F2[F:0]30
• [The C/A Pad Configuration] F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F[9:8][F:0]0[8,4,0]
• [The C/A Tristate Control] F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F812F
11. For DDR3, restore the following registers before any accesses to DRAM are made:
• [The DRAM DQS Write Timing Control Registers] F2x[1, 0]9C_x[4A:30]
Note: BIOS must not attempt to restore registers that are not implemented in the processor revision. See the
register definition to determine what revision the register is implemented in.
Many of the systemboard power planes for the processor are powered down during S3. Refer to section 2.4.1
[Processor Power Planes And Voltage Control] for power plane descriptions. Refer to the EDS for S3 processor power plane sequencing requirements and system signal states for both inputs (e.g. PWROK, RESET_L,
and LDTSTOP_L) and outputs (e.g. VID[*], PSI_L, THERMTRIP_L, etc.) during S3. Refer to the HyperTransport™ link specification for signal sequencing requirements for PWROK, RESET_L, and LDTSTOP_L
during S3 entry and exit, and system management message sequencing for S3 entry and exit.
2.4.5
Effective Frequency
The effective frequency interface allows software to discern the average, or effective, frequency of a given core
over a configurable window of time. This provides software a measure of actual performance rather than forcing software to assume the current frequency of the core is the frequency of the last P-state requested. This can
be useful when the P-state is limited by HTC, STC, SBI, or CPB.
The following procedure calculates effective frequency using [The Max Performance Frequency Clock Count
(MPERF)] MSR0000_00E7 and [The Actual Performance Frequency Clock Count (APERF)]
MSR0000_00E8:
1. At some point in time, write 0 to both MSRs.
2. At some later point in time, read both MSRs.
3. Effective frequency = (value read from MSR0000_00E8 / value read from MSR0000_00E7) * P0 frequency using software P-state numbering.
Additional notes:
• The amount of time that elapses between steps 1 and 2 is determined by software.
• It is software’s responsibility to disable interrupts or any other events that may occur in between the write of
MSR0000_00E7 and the write of MSR0000_00E8 in step 1 or between the read of MSR0000_00E7 and the
read of MSR0000_00E8 in step 2.
• The behavior of MSR0000_00E7 and MSR0000_00E8 may be modified by MSRC001_0015[EffFreqCntMwait].
• The effective frequency interface provides +/- 50MHz accuracy if the following constraints are met:
• Effective frequency is read at most one time per millisecond.
• When reading or writing MSR0000_00E7 and MSR0000_00E8 software executes only MOV instructions, and no more than 3 MOV instructions, between the two RDMSR or WRMSR instructions.
• MSRC001_0015[TscFreqSel] must be set to 1 for the effective frequency interface to function correctly.
• MSR0000_00E7 and MSR0000_00E8 are invalid if an overflow occurs.
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2.5
2.5.1
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Processor State Transition Sequences
ACPI Power State Transitions
This section specifies ACPI power state transitions as controlled by the [The ACPI Power State Control Registers] F3x[84:80].
The following describes the state transition behavior associated with ACPI power state transitions:
• All SMAF controllable parameters take effect after an LDTSTOP assertion except CpuDid, which takes
affect before the LDTSTOP assertion.
• CpuDid:
• F3x[84:80][CpuDid] is applied after the processor has transitioned from C0 to a low-power state (halt or
stop-grant) and the hysteresis time (F3xD4[ClkRampHystSel]) has elapsed.
• F3x[84:80][CpuDid] is removed when the processor transitions from a low-power state to C0 or when a
probe occurs and F3x[84:80][CpuPrbEn]=0.
• Probes:
• F3x[84:80][CpuPrbEn] specifies how probes are handled while in the low-power state.
• DRAM:
• DRAM self refresh is enabled if LDTSTOP is asserted.
• DRAM memory clock is tristated if any of the following are true:
• DRAM is in self refresh and the SMAF code indicates DRAM memory clock tristate can be applied
(F3x[84:80][NbGateEn]=1).
• DRAM is in self refresh and DDR3 registered DIMMs are used.
• When LDTSTOP is deasserted the DRAM memory clock is enabled and self refresh is disabled.
• Occurs in parallel to re-connecting the link.
Refer to the HyperTransport™ link specification for system management sequencing requirements when performing ACPI state transitions.
2.6
The Northbridge (NB)
Each node includes a single Northbridge that provides the interface to the local core(s), the interface to system
memory, the interface to other processors, and the interface to system IO devices. The NB includes all power
planes except VDD; see 2.4.1 [Processor Power Planes And Voltage Control] for more information.
The NB of each node is responsible for routing transactions sourced from cores and links to the appropriate
core, cache, DRAM, or link. See 2.9.3 [Access Type Determination] for more information.
2.6.1
Northbridge (NB) Architecture
Major NB blocks are: System Request Interface (SRI), Memory Controller (MCT), DRAM Controllers
(DCTs), L3 cache, and crossbar (XBAR). SRI interfaces with the core(s). MCT maintains cache coherency and
interfaces with the DCTs; MCT maintains a queue of incoming requests called MCQ. XBAR is a switch that
routes packets between SRI, MCT, and the links.
The MCT operates on physical addresses. Before passing transactions to the DCTs, the MCT converts physical
addresses into normalized addresses that correspond to the values programmed into [The DRAM CS Base
Address Registers] F2x[1, 0][5C:40]. Normalized addresses include only address bits within the DCTs’ range.
The normalized address varies based on DCT interleave and hoisting settings in [The DRAM Controller Select
Low Register] F2x110 and [The DRAM Controller Select High Register] F2x114 as well as node interleaving
based on [The DRAM Base/Limit Registers] F1x[1, 0][7C:40].
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2.6.2
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
The GART
The GART is a device that translates a range of physical address space, called the GART aperture, to a logical
address based on page tables in system memory. The GART also includes a cache for the page table translations. The registers that specify GART behavior are:
• [The GART Aperture Control Register] F3x90.
• [The GART Aperture Base Register] F3x94.
• [The GART Table Base Register] F3x98.
• [The GART Cache Control Register] F3x9C.
Note: The GART registers must be programmed to the same value for all nodes in the system.
2.6.3
DMA Exclusion Vectors (DEV)
The DEV is a set of protection tables in system memory that inhibit IO accesses to ranges of system memory.
The tables specify link-defined UnitIDs that are allowed access to physical memory space on a 4 KByte page
basis. Multiple protection domains are supported, each with independent DEV tables and supported UnitIDs.
See [The DEV Capability Header Register] F3xF0 for more details.
2.6.4
Northbridge Routing
There are two types of routing the NB performs to determine where to route a transaction: (1) address space
routing determines which node the transaction is routed to, and (2) HyperTransport™ transaction routing determines the path in the coherent fabric that the transaction follows to reach its destination.
2.6.4.1
Address Space Routing
There are four main types of address space routed by the NB: (1) memory space targeting system DRAM, (2)
memory space targeting IO (MMIO), (3) IO space, and (4) configuration space. The NB includes two sets of
routing registers for each of these:
• Base map registers accessed through function 1, offsets 40 through F4. These are normally adequate for
smaller systems.
• Extended map registers, accessed through [The Extended Address Map Data Port] F1x114. These may be
needed to support larger systems.
There are no restrictions which, or both, of these map registers are enabled. If both are enabled, then the base
map registers take precedence over the extended map registers.
2.6.4.1.1
DRAM and MMIO Memory Space
For memory-space transactions, the physical address, cacheability type, access type, and DRAM/MMIO destination type (as specified in section 2.9.3.1.2 [Determining The Access Destination for CPU Accesses]) are presented to the NB for further processing as follows:
• Regardless of the access DRAM/MMIO destination, if supplied, the physical address is checked against the
NB’s AGP-aperture range-registers F3x90 and F3x94, if enabled; if the address matches, the NB translates
the physical address through the AGP GART. A match in the AGP aperture overrides any match to [The
DRAM Base/Limit Registers] F1x[1, 0][7C:40], and [The Memory Mapped IO Base/Limit Registers]
F1x[BC:80].
• For accesses from IO devices, the cacheability attribute from the GART entry’s “Coherent” bit, as specified in [The GART Table Base Register] F3x98[GartTblBaseAddr], is applied.
• For accesses from a CPU, the attribute already applied by the core is used and the “Coherent” bit is
ignored. (System software should ensure that the cacheability attribute assigned to an AGP aperture
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matches the “Coherent” bit in the matching GART entry.)
• IO-device accesses that do not match the AGP aperture and post-GART translated addresses are compared
against:
• If the access matches [The Memory Mapped IO Base/Limit Registers] F1x[BC:80], then the transaction
is routed to the specified link;
• Else, if the access matches [The Extended MMIO Address Base Registers] F1x114_x2 and [The
Extended MMIO Address Mask Registers] F1x114_x3, then the access is routed to the specified link;
• Else, if the access matches [The DRAM Base/Limit Registers] F1x[1, 0][7C:40], then the access is
routed to the specified link or DCT;
• Else, the access is routed to the node or link that contains compatibility (subtractive) address space, specified by [The Node ID Register] F0x60[SbNode] and [The Unit ID Register] F0x64[SbLink].
• For core accesses that do not match the AGP aperture, the routing is determined based on the DRAM/MMIO
destination:
• If the destination is DRAM:
• If the access matches [The DRAM Base/Limit Registers] F1x[1, 0][7C:40], then the transaction is
routed to the specified link;
• Else, the access is routed to the node or link that contains compatibility (subtractive) address space,
specified by [The Node ID Register] F0x60[SbNode] and [The Unit ID Register] F0x64[SbLink].
• If the destination is MMIO:
• If the access matches [The Memory Mapped IO Base/Limit Registers] F1x[BC:80], then the transaction is routed to the specified link;
• Else, if the access matches [The Extended MMIO Address Base Registers] F1x114_x2 and [The
Extended MMIO Address Mask Registers] F1x114_x3, then the access is routed to the specified
link;
• Else, the access is routed to the node or link that contains compatibility (subtractive) address space,
specified by [The Node ID Register] F0x60[SbNode] and [The Unit ID Register] F0x64[SbLink].
2.6.4.1.2
IO Space
IO-space transactions from IO links or cores are routed as follows:
• If the access matches [The IO-Space Base/Limit Registers] F1x[DC:C0], then the transaction is routed to the
specified link;
• Else, the access is routed to the node or link that contains compatibility (subtractive) address space, specified
by [The Node ID Register] F0x60[SbNode] and [The Unit ID Register] F0x64[SbLink].
2.6.4.1.3
Configuration Space
Configuration-space transactions from IO links are master aborted. Configuration-space transactions from
cores are routed as follows:
• If the access targets the configuration space of an existing node (based on the configuration-space address
and F0x60[NodeCnt]), then it is routed to that node.
• Else, if the access matches [The Configuration Map Registers] F1x[EC:E0], then the transaction is routed to
the specified link;
• Else, the access is routed to the node or link that contains compatibility (subtractive) address space, specified
by [The Node ID Register] F0x60[SbNode] and [The Unit ID Register] F0x64[SbLink].
2.6.4.2
HyperTransport™ Technology Routing
There are three types of HyperTransport™ transactions routed by the NB: (1) broadcast transactions, (2)
request transactions, and (3) response transactions. The NB includes routing registers for each node that specify the link to route each transaction type accessed through [The Routing Table Registers] F0x[5C:40].
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Figure 5 through Figure 7 show the supported topologies for G34 processors. The links between internal nodes
are described in 2.7.1.5 [Link Mapping for Dual-Node Processors in the G34 Package]. The IO Hub must be
connected to internal node 0.
Figure 5 shows the supported two processor topology. For the link connections between the two processors, the
thick lines represent 16-bit links and the thin lines represent 8-bit links. Optionally, the 16-bit links may be
swapped with the 8 bit links.
Node 1
Node 3
Node 1
Node 0
Node 2
Node 0
IO
IO
IO
IO
Fully Populated
Half Populated
Figure 5: Two processor G34 topology
Figure 6 shows the supported four processor topology for G34 processors with two 16-bit IO links. This topology provides maximum performance. Figure 7 shows the supported four processor topology for G34 processors with four 16-bit IO links. This topology provides maximum IO. The links between processors are all 8bits.
Node 5
Node 7
Node 4
Node 6
Node 1
Node 3
Node 1
Node 3
Node 0
Node 2
Node 0
Node 2
IO
IO
Fully Populated
Half Populated
Figure 6: Four processor G34 maximum performance topology
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Node 5
Node 7
Node 4
Node 6
Node 1
Node 3
Node 1
Node 3
Node 0
Node 2
Node 0
Node 2
IO
IO
IO
IO
Half Populated
Fully Populated
Figure 7: Four processor G34 maximum IO topology
2.6.4.2.1
Routing Table Configuration
The routing table registers must be configured correctly in multi-node systems to ensure that probes are only
delivered once to each node and to ensure that the routing table is deadlock free.
A routing table is deadlock free if it contains no open-paths and no two-hop cycles.
An open-path is a routing path between nodes that traverse one or more nodes that contains a subpath that is
not a routing path in the routing table. For example if the routing path between nodes 0 and 2 in Figure 8 was
Node 0->Node 1->Node 3->Node 2 and the routing path between Nodes 3 and 2 was not Node 3->Node 2 then
the routing path between Nodes 0 and 2 would be open because the subpath Node 3->Node 2 is not a path in
the routing table.
Node
3
Node
2
Node
1
Node
0
Figure 8: Sample four-node configuration
A two-hop cycle is a group of two hop routing paths (routing paths between two nodes that pass through a third
node) such that the first and second nodes in the each two hop routing path are also the second and third nodes
in a two hop routing path in the group.
Consider the four node configuration shown in Figure 8. A two-hop cycle would occur in this configuration if
the routing table was configured with the following routing paths:
• The routing path from Node 0 to Node 3 is: Node 0->Node 1->Node 3.
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• The routing path from Node 1 to Node 2 is: Node 1->Node 3->Node 2.
• The routing path from Node 2 to Node 1 is: Node 2->Node 0->Node 1.
• The routing path from Node 3 to Node 0 is: Node 3->Node 2->Node 0.
To break this cycle at least one but no more than three of these routing paths must be modified to use a different
intermediate node. Reconfiguring the routing paths as follows eliminates the 2-hop cycle.
• The routing path from Node 0 to Node 3 is: Node 0->Node 1->Node 3.
• The routing path from Node 1 to Node 2 is: Node 1->Node 3 to Node 2.
• The routing path from Node 2 to Node 1 is: Node 2->Node 0->Node 1.
• The routing path from Node 3 to Node 0 is: Node 3->Node 1->Node 0.
2.6.4.2.2
NodeId Enumeration Requirements for Dual-node Processors
The assignment of F0x60[NodeId] in a dual-node processor system, identified by F3xE8[MultiNodeCpu], is
done starting with the node containing the BSC. The BSC node by definition has NodeId=0. The other internal
node in that dual-node processor is assigned NodeId=1. See F3xE8[IntNodeNum] for how to identify the internal nodes in a dual-node processor. The remaining NodeId's in the system must be assigned using the following
rules:
• Internal nodes must be assigned NodeId's in even/odd pairs. A pair of NodeId's consists of N and N+1 where
N is an even integer.
• NodeId's must be assigned contiguously. For example, node ID assignment {0, 1, 2, 3} is allowed but {0, 1,
4, 5} is not.
For example, consider a 3 processor system consisting of dual-node processors A, B, and C where internal
node 1 of processor B contains the BSC. A valid NodeId assignment would be:
NodeId Processor F3xE8[IntNodeNum]
0
B
0
1
B
1
2
A
0
3
A
1
4
C
1
5
C
0
2.6.4.2.3
BIOS Requirements for Systems with Mixed Processor Families
Processors that are not Family 10h processor are not supported on coherent links by Family 10h processors.
BIOS must ensure that all nodes in the coherent fabric are Family 10h processors by reading [The CPUID
Family/Model Register] F3xFC before initializing the node. If a node that is not a Family 10h processor is discovered, BIOS must configure the BSP routing tables as a single processor system.
The BIOS may continue the boot process in order to display an error message on the screen if the BSP has
DRAM attached and the display adapter is connected to an IO link accessible to the BSP. If these conditions
are not met the BIOS may signal an error in a implementation specific manner. The BIOS must not continue
the boot process after the error has been reported.
2.6.4.2.4
Link Traffic Distribution
Link traffic distribution is a mechanism to reduce coherent link congestion by distributing the traffic over multiple links. For revision D and later revisions, there are two supported modes for link traffic distribution. BIOS
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must ensure that only one mode is enabled in a system.
2.6.4.2.4.1
Coherent Link Traffic Distribution
This mode of link traffic distribution supports 2-node systems in which multiple coherent links are connected
between the nodes. For example, a 2-node system may connect 2 or 3 coherent links between the two nodes in
order to increase bandwidth between them. Note: all links connected between the two nodes should be the
same width (either 16-bit ganged links or 8-bit unganged sublinks). The mode is enabled by [The Coherent
Link Traffic Distribution Register] F0x164. The following requirement must be met:
• For any virtual channels that are enabled for distribution, the corresponding routing table entry in
F0x[5C:40] is required to select one of the links specified for distribution in F0x164[DstLnk].
2.6.4.2.4.2
Coherent Link Pair Traffic Distribution
For revision D and later revisions, this mode of link traffic distribution supports up to four coherent link groupings among two or more nodes in a system. This mode is enabled by [The Coherent Link Pair Traffic Distribution Register] F0x1E0. Each link group consists of a pair of coherent links between two nodes. One of the links
in the link pair is designated as the master link and the other link is designated as the alternate link. The coherent link pair can be either symmetric (same width) or asymmetric (different width). The following requirements must be met:
• For an asymmetric link pair, the master link must be the larger link.
• The master link is specified and the alternate link is not specified in F0x[5C:40].
2.6.4.2.5
Display Refresh And IFCM
Display refresh traffic is traffic generated by UMA graphics chipsets. It targets system memory for the purpose
of refreshing the display. Feature support varies by revision. See Table 2. Link display refresh packets are
defined as follows:
1. IO-initiated, non-posted read requests with the isochronous bit, PassPW bit, and RespPassPW bit set, and
the coherent bit cleared. The SeqID must be zero and the request must be addressed outside the GART
aperture.
2. The corresponding response to these requests.
The NB prioritizes these packets such that display refresh latency and bandwidth goals may be met. To support
display refresh traffic, [The Link Transaction Control Register] F0x68[DispRefModeEn] is set.
Alternatively, if supported by the chipset, link-defined isochronous flow control mode (IFCM) may be
employed. IFCM is enabled through [The Link Control Registers] F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][IsocEn]. If this bit is
set for any link, then F0x68[DispRefModeEn] must be clear.
• The processor does not support peer-to-peer accesses in isochronous virtual channels. Upstream isochronous
requests that target IO space are passed to the IO device in the base channel (the Isoc bit in the request packet
is low); however, the Isoc bit in the downstream response to the requester is still set in such a case.
• In non-IFCM, the link-defined Isoc bit in the request packet is cleared as it is reflected downstream in a peerto-peer access as well.
See [The Link Base Channel Buffer Count Registers] F0x[F0, D0, B0, 90], [The Data Buffer Count Register]
F3x6C, [The SRI to XBAR Command Buffer Count Register] F3x70, and [The XBAR to SRI Command Buffer Count Register] F3x74 for IFCM buffer requirements and [The SRI to XCS Token Count Register] F3x140
for IFCM and display refresh token requirements.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
IOMMU uses the isochronous flow control channel. If an IOMMU is present, IFCM must be enabled for all
links.
2.6.4.2.5.1
Recommended Buffer Count Settings for Single Link Processors
The tables below show recommended buffer settings for single link processors. The following abbreviations
are defined for these tables.
• NFCM is F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][IsocEn]=0 and F0x68[DispRefModeEn]=0.
• UMA DR is F0x68[DispRefModeEn]=1.
• UMA IFCM is F0x68[DispRefModeEn]=0, F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][IsocEn]=1, and F3x158[LnkToXcsDRToken]!=0.
• Non-UMA IFCM is F0x68[DispRefModeEn]=0, F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][IsocEn]=1, and F3x158[LnkToXcsDRToken]=0.
All values are in decimal. Some chipsets may further optimize these settings for their platform. If values other
than the recommended settings are used, see the register requirements in the definition of each register.
Table 19: F0x[F0, D0, B0, 90] and F0x[F4, D4, B4, 94] Recommended Settings
F0x94
F0x90
Register/Field
FreeData
FreeCmd
RspData
NpReqData
ProbeCmd
RspCmd
Preq
NpReqCmd
IsocRspData
IsocNpReqData
IsocRspCmd
IsocPReq
IsocNpReqCmd
NFCM
UMA DR
UMA IFCM
2
8
1
1
0
2
4
18
0
0
0
0
0
2
8
1
1
0
2
4
18
0
0
0
0
0
2
8
1
1
0
2
3
11
0
0
0
1
7
Non-UMA
IFCM
0
8
1
1
0
2
6
15
0
0
0
0
1
F3x6C
Table 20: F3x6C and F3x70 Recommended Settings
Register/Field
NFCM
UMA DR
UMA IFCM
IsocRspDBC
UpRspDBC
DatBuf24
DnRspDBC
DnReqDBC
UpReqDBC
0
1
1
1
1
2
6
1
1
1
1
1
6
1
1
1
1
1
Non-UMA
IFCM
1
1
1
1
1
2
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Table 20: F3x6C and F3x70 Recommended Settings
F3x70
Register/Field
NFCM
UMA DR
UMA IFCM
0
0
0
4
1
1
1
1
3
6
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
6
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
IsocRspCBC
IsocPreqCBC
IsocReqCBC
UpRspCBC
DnPreqCBC
UpPreqCBC
DnRspCBC
DnReqCBC
UpReqCBC
Non-UMA
IFCM
1
1
1
4
1
1
1
1
3
Table 22: F2x118, F3x74, and F3x7C Recommended Settings
F3x7C
F3x74
Register/Field
F2x118[MctPriIsoc]
F2x118[MctVarPriCntLmt]
DRReqCBC
1.
2.
3.
4.
IsocPreqCBC
IsocReqCBC
ProbeCBC
DnPreqCBC
UpPreqCBC
DnReqCBC
UpReqCBC
Sri2XbarFreeRspDBC
Sri2XbarFreeXreqDBC
Sri2XbarFreeRspCBC
Sri2XbarFreeXreqCBC
NFCM
x
0
0
0
0
8
1
1
1
1
0
9
0
9
20
UMA DR or IFCM
11b
10b
1
0
122/153
1
1
8
0
1
0
1
0
7
0
8
92/153
1
1
8
0
1
0
1
0
7
0
8
Non-UMA IFCM
x
0
0
1
8
8
0
1
0
1
0
7
0
8
122/93
Xbar2SriFreeListCBC1
152/93
174
If the processor does not include an L3 cache, this field should be reduced to satisfy the
requirement of total number of XBAR to SRI command buffers less than or equal to 32. See
F3x74.
If 32 byte display refresh requests are not generated by the graphics engine. This value
should be reduced by 1 for 5 core processors and reduced by 2 for 6 core processors.
If 32 byte display refresh requests are generated by the graphics engine. This value should
be reduced by 1 for 5 core processors and reduced by 2 for 6 core processors.
This value should be reduced by 1 for 5 core processors and reduced by 2 for 6 core processors.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table 23: F3x140, F3x144, F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48], and F3x158 Recommended Settings
NFCM
8
0
0
0
1
3
1
1
1
2
3
3
UMA DR
12
3
1
3
1
3
1
1
1
2
3
6
IsocRspTok0
IsocPreqTok0
IsocReqTok0
ProbeTok0
RspTok0
PReqTok0
ReqTok0
FreeTok
F3x158[LnkToXcsDrToken]
0
0
0
2
2
2
2
3
0
0
1
1
0
2
2
2
8
3
F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48]
F3x144
F3x140
Register/Field
FreeTok
IsocRspTok
IsocPreqTok
IsocReqTok
DnRspTok
UpRspTok
DnPreqTok
UpPreqTok
DnReqTok
UpReqTok
ProbeTok
RspTok
2.6.4.2.5.2
UMA IFCM Non-UMA IFCM
12
12
3
3
1
1
3
3
1
1
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
3
3
6
6
0
1
1
0
2
2
2
8
3
0
0
0
2
2
2
2
3
0
Recommended Buffer Count Settings for Multi-link Processors
The following tables provide recommended buffer count settings for processors in multi-link processors. All
values are in decimal.
Table 24: F0x[F0, D0, B0, 90] and F0x[F4, D4, B4, 94] Recommended Settings
Register/Field
F0x90
FreeData
NFCM IO
Link
21/02
8
1
1
0
2
NFCM
Coherent
Link
2
IOMMU
IO Link
IOMMU
Coherent Link
0
0
8
1
1
0
2
6
8
3
2
8
9
2
15
4
FreeCmd
RspData
NpReqData
ProbeCmd
RspCmd
Preq
41/62
8
2
2
9
9
2
NpReqCmd
181/162
4
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table 24: F0x[F0, D0, B0, 90] and F0x[F4, D4, B4, 94] Recommended Settings
Register/Field
NFCM IO
Link
F0x94
IsocRspData
0
IsocNpReqData
0
IsocRspCmd
0
IsocPReq
0
IsocNpReqCmd
0
1. For revision C and earlier.
2. For revision D and later.
NFCM
Coherent
Link
0
0
0
0
0
IOMMU
IO Link
IOMMU
Coherent Link
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
Table 25: F3x6C, F3x70, F3x74, and F3x7C Recommended Settings
F3x74
F3x70
F3x6C
Register/Field
IsocRspDBC
UpRspDBC
DatBuf24
DnRspDBC
DnReqDBC
UpReqDBC
IsocRspCBC
IsocPreqCBC
IsocReqCBC
UpRspCBC
DnPreqCBC
UpPreqCBC
DnRspCBC
DnReqCBC
UpReqCBC
DRReqCBC
IsocPreqCBC
IsocReqCBC
ProbeCBC
DnPreqCBC
UpPreqCBC
DnReqCBC
UpReqCBC
NFCM
0
11/22
1
1
1
2
0
0
0
41/52
1
1
1
1
3
0
0
0
8
1
1
1
1
IOMMU
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
0
1
5
1
1
1
1
3
0
0
1
8
1
1
1
1
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
F3x7C
Table 25: F3x6C, F3x70, F3x74, and F3x7C Recommended Settings
1.
2.
3.
4.
Register/Field
Sri2XbarFreeRspDBC
Sri2XbarFreeXreqDBC
Sri2XbarFreeRspCBC
Sri2XbarFreeXreqCBC
NFCM
0
9
0
91/102
IOMMU
0
9
0
9
Xbar2SriFreeListCBC
201/223/244
231/213/234
For revision C and earlier.
For revision D and later.
For revision D and later with 6 enabled cores per node.
For revision D and later with 4 enabled cores per node.
Table 26: F3x140, F3x144, and F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48] Recommended Settings for Socket F(1207) and C32
F3x144
F3x140
Register/Field
FreeTok
IsocRspTok
IsocPreqTok
IsocReqTok
DnRspTok
UpRspTok
DnPreqTok
UpPreqTok
DnReqTok
UpReqTok
ProbeTok
RspTok
F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48]
IsocRspTok0
IsocPreqTok0
IsocReqTok0
ProbeTok0
RspTok0
PReqTok0
ReqTok0
FreeTok
1. If probe filter is not enabled
2. If probe filter is enabled
NFCM
IO and Coherent Link
8
0
0
0
1
3
1
1
1
2
IOMMU
IO Link
8
1
0
1
1
3
1
1
1
2
IOMMU
Coherent Link
8
1
0
1
1
3
1
1
1
2
31/12
31/12
31/12
31/52
31/52
31/52
0
0
0
2
2
2
2
3
0
0
1
0
2
2
2
2
0
0
1
2
2
2
2
2
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
F3x144
F3x140
Table 27: F3x140 and F3x144 Recommended Settings for Socket G34
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Register/Field
NFCM
IOMMU
2 Socket, Half
Populated1
IOMMU
2 Socket, Fully
populated1
FreeTok
83/104
0
0
0
1
3
105/96
1
0
1
1
3
55/76
1
0
1
1
IsocRspTok
IsocPreqTok
IsocReqTok
DnRspTok
UpRspTok
DnPreqTok
UpPreqTok
DnReqTok
UpReqTok
ProbeTok
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
35/16
1
1
1
1
35/16
35/16
RspTok
35/56
35/46
IOMMU
4 Socket, Half
populated2
8
1
0
1
1
3
IOMMU
4 Socket, Fully
populated2
25/66
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
35/16
1
1
1
1
35/16
35/16
35/16
35/56
35/56
35/46
See Figure 5.
See Figure 6.
For a 2 processor system
For a 1 or 4 processor system
If probe filter is not enabled
If probe filter is enabled
Table 28: F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48] Recommended Settings for 1 Processor G34 System
F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48]
Register/Field
IsocRspTok0
IsocPreqTok0
IsocReqTok0
ProbeTok0
RspTok0
PReqTok0
NFCM
NFCM
Ganged Link Unganged Link3
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
1
2
2
1
1
IOMMU
IO Link
0
0
1
0
IOMMU Ganged IOMMU Unganged
Coherent Link
Coherent Link3
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
21/12
2
2
ReqTok0
2
1
2
FreeTok
0
0
0
1. If probe filter is not enabled
2. If probe filter is enabled
3. Unganged link settings should be used for both Tok0 and Tok1 fields
2
1
2
1 /2
2
0
1
1
1
0
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table 29: F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48] Recommended Settings for 2 Processor G34 System
F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48]
Register/Field
IsocRspTok0
IsocPreqTok0
IsocReqTok0
ProbeTok0
NFCM
NFCM
Ganged Link Unganged Link3
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
1
RspTok0
PReqTok0
2
2
1
1
IOMMU
IO Link
0
0
1
0
IOMMU Ganged IOMMU Unganged
Coherent Link
Coherent Link3
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
21/12
2
2
2
1
ReqTok0
2
1
2
FreeTok
0
1
0
1. If probe filter is not enabled
2. If probe filter is enabled
3. Unganged link settings should be used for both Tok0 and Tok1 fields
2
1 /2
2
0
1
1
1
1
Table 30: F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48] Recommended Settings for 4 Processor G34 System
F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48]
Register/Field
IsocRspTok0
IsocPreqTok0
IsocReqTok0
ProbeTok0
RspTok0
NFCM
NFCM
Ganged Link Unganged Link3
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
1
2
1
IOMMU
IO Link
0
0
2
0
2
PReqTok0
2
1
2
ReqTok0
2
1
2
FreeTok
0
0
0
1. If probe filter is not enabled
2. If probe filter is enabled
3. Unganged link settings should be used for Tok0 and Tok1 fields
2.6.5
IOMMU Ganged IOMMU Unganged
Coherent Link
Coherent Link3
0
0
0
0
1
1
2
1
1 2
1
2 /1
1
2
0
1
1
0
The Level 3 Cache (L3)
The NB may include an L3 cache as specified by [The L2/L3 Cache and L2 TLB Identifiers] CPUID
Fn8000_0006_EDX.
When the L3 is enabled, the following register settings are required:
• [The Hardware Configuration Register (HWCR)] MSRC001_0015[INVD_WBINVD]=1.
2.6.5.1
Probe Filter
The probe filter provides filtering of broadcast probes to improve link bandwidth and performance for multinode systems. The probe filter is not supported for single link systems. It uses a portion of the L3 data cache as
a directory to track cache lines in the system. The probe filter directory on each node tracks addresses mapped
to the local DRAM on that node. The probe filter is enabled by programming [The Probe Filter Control Regis-
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
ter] F3x1D4. The probe filter is not supported if the processor does not contain an L3 cache. The probe filter
should be enabled or disabled on all nodes in the system. The following register settings must be used in systems where the probe filter is enabled:
• MSRC001_102A[ProbeFilterSupEn]=1.
• F2x1B0[CohPrefPrbLmt]=000b.
BIOS should enable the probe filter if either of the following conditions are true:
• F0x60[NodeCnt] equals 01h, both nodes have memory attached, and the MEMCLK frequencies are at least
533 MHz.
• F0x60[NodeCnt] equals 02h or greater.
Hardware initializes the probe filter directory when the probe filter is enabled. Initialization is complete when
F3x1D4[PFInitDone] is set. The system must be quiesced of all coherent traffic during probe filter initialization. BIOS should perform the following steps to initialize the probe filter:
1. Disable the L3 and DRAM scrubbers on all nodes in the system:
• F3x58[L3Scrub]=00h.
• F3x58[DramScrub]=00h.
• F3x5C[ScrubRedirEn]=0.
2. Wait 40us for outstanding scrub requests to complete.
3. Disable all cache activity in the system by setting CR0.CD for all active cores in the system.
4. Issue WBINVD on all active cores in the system.
5. Set F3x1C4[L3TagInit]=1.
6. Wait for F3x1C4[L3TagInit]=0.
7. Set F3x1D4[PFMode]=10b.
8. Wait for F3x1D4[PFInitDone]=1.
9. Enable all cache activity in the system by clearing CR0.CD for all active cores in the system.
10. Restore L3 and DRAM scrubber register values.
2.6.5.1.1
Probe Filter Errors
The L3 data cache used to store probe filter directory data is ECC protected. Single-bit (correctable) errors are
corrected and logged in [The MCA NB Status High Register] F3x4C. Multi-bit (uncorrectable) errors are
logged in F3x4C, and the faulty probe filter location is no longer used. The directory is periodically scrubbed
and the L3 scrubber may be redirected to scrub a location on correctable errors.
Uncorrectable ECC errors in the directory are not fatal, do not set F3x4C[UC], and do not cause machine check
exceptions, but the directory entry is no longer reliable. The L3 reports uncorrectable ECC errors to the probe
filter. Once such an error occurs, the faulty location index in the directory is no longer used and all requests
which map to that index issue broadcast probes. F3x1D4[PFEccError] is set on an uncorrectable ECC error and
can only be cleared by software. An interrupt may be generated on uncorrectable ECC errors by configuring
F3x1D4[PFErrInt].
2.6.6
Memory Scrubbers
The processor includes memory scrubbers specified in [The Scrub Rate Control Register] F3x58 and F3x5C.
The scrubbers ensure that all cachelines in memory within or connected to the processor are periodically read
and, if correctable errors are discovered, they are corrected. The system memory scrubber is also employed as
specified in [The On-Line Spare Control Register] F3xB0[SwapEn0].
Systems that enable scrubbing may wish to configure data cache and L2 scrubbing to operate, even when the
core is halted (in the ACPI-defined C1 state). This is accomplished by programming [The ACPI Power State
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Control Registers] F3x[84:80][ClkDivisor] associated with C1 to a divisor no deeper than divide-by-16; divisors of 16, 8, 4, 2, and 1 support scrubbing while the core is halted. If a deeper clock divisor is desired for C1
and the duration of halt states is relatively short lived, it is a minimum exposure for scrubbing to be suspended
during the halt.
For recommendations on scrub rates, see 2.12.1.7 [Scrub Rate Considerations].
2.6.7
Physical Address Space
The processor supports 48 address bits of coherent memory space (256 terabytes) as indicated by [The Address
Size And Physical Core Count Information] CPUID Fn8000_0008_EAX. The processor master aborts the following upper-address transactions (to address PhysAddr):
• IO link requests with non-zero PhysAddr[63:48].
• IO link or CPU requests with non-zero PhysAddr[47:40] where F0x68[CHtExtAddrEn]=0.
• IO link or CPU requests with non-zero PhysAddr[47:40] which targets an IO link for which the appropriate
F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][Addr64BitEn]=0.
• IO link requests with non-zero PhysAddr[47:40] received from an IO link for which the appropriate F0x[E4,
C4, A4, 84][Addr64BitEn]=0.
2.6.8
System Address Map
System software must not map memory in the reserved HyperTransport™ technology address regions. The
HyperTransport™ I/O Link Specification details the address map available to system hosts and devices. Downstream host accesses to reserved HyperTransport™ address regions result in a page fault. Upstream system
device accesses to reserved HyperTransport™ address regions result in undefined operation.
2.7
Links
A link is a block of link signals, including 16 CAD signals, 2 CTL signals, and 2 CLK signals. Links may support unganged modes in which subgroups of link signals--or sublinks--are connected to separate devices, as
specified by [The Northbridge Capabilities Register] F3xE8[UnGangEn]. Links may operate per coherent protocol or IO protocol. The electrical definition is per various revisions of the HyperTransport™ I/O Link Specification; the terminology for these modes is as follows:
• Gen1: refers to link rates of 0.4 to 1.6 GT/s in the revision 1 specification or 2.0 GT/s in the revision 2 specification.
• Gen3: refers to link rates of 2.4 to 6.4 GT/s in the revision 3 specification.
2.7.1
2.7.1.1
Link Initialization
Ganging And Unganging
The following combinations of maximum bit widths (it is always possible to connect to a device using a supported, narrower bit width), protocols, and frequencies are supported:
• One 16-bit link (ganged); either IO or coherent protocol; any supported link frequency. In ganged mode, the
link may or may not be left unconnected. In ganged mode, registers that control sublink 0 control the entire
link; registers that control sublink 1 are reserved.
• Two 8-bit links (unganged); the two sublinks may be configured for any combination of IO or coherent protocol; if the two link frequencies are the same, then any supported frequency is allowed; if the two link frequencies are different, then the frequencies are required to be one of the following ratios: 8:1, 6:1, 4:1, 2:1;
legal combinations are {5.6, 2.8}, {6.4, 3.2}, {6.4, 1.6}, {4.8, 2.4}, {4.8, 1.2}, {4.0, 2.0}, {3.2, 1.6}, {2.4,
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1.2}, and {0.8, 0.4} GT/s). The following combinations are allowed for test and debug purposes: {6.4, 0.8},
{2.4, 0.4}, {4.8, 0.8}, {3.2, 0.8}, {3.2, 0.4}, {1.6, 0.8}, and {1.6, 0.4}. In unganged mode, neither, either, or
both of the two 8-bit sublinks may be left unconnected. In unganged mode, sublink 0 refers to the link associated with CLK[0], CTL[0], and CAD[7:0]; sublink 1 refers to the link associated with CLK[1], CTL[1],
and CAD[15:8].
2.7.1.2
Ganging Detection And Control
If unganging is not supported by the processor (F3xE8[UnGangEn]), then the links always cold boot to the
ganged state. See Table 2.
Otherwise, the ganged state at cold boot is based on the state of CTL[1]. If CTL[1]=0, then the link powers up
unganged. If CTL[1]=1, then the link powers up ganged. If CTL[1] is connected between the processor and
another device (such as another processor) that supports the Gen3 link specification, then the link cold boots to
the unganged state.
If both sublinks of an unganged link connect the same two devices, then initialization software may be used to
place these sublinks into the ganged state (F0x[18C:170][Ganged]).
Unused upper sublinks should be left disconnected with processor inputs floating to minimize power consumption. Software should not gang inactive sublinks with active sublinks.
2.7.1.3
Link Type Detect
The link may be initialized in one of the following states during cold reset:
• The link may be ganged or unganged.
• The link/sublink is not connected with inputs terminated to the proper state to indicate ganged/unganged.
• The link/sublink is not connected with inputs floating (as with a connection to an unpopulated socket).
The processor follows the protocol described in the Gen3 link specification to determine the cold boot state of
F0x[18C:170][Ganged] and F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][TransOff and EndOfChain]. F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][TransOff
and EndOfChain] are set when the link is unconnected, as follows:
• Un-terminated link: no device is detected on the other side of the link.
• DC-coupled links: link is strapped in the unconnected state per the link specification.
2.7.1.3.1
Unused Links
For revision C and later revisions, when both sublinks of a link are unused and disconnected, the clocks to the
link are disabled and the following registers corresponding to the unused link become unavailable. Writes to
these registers are ignored and reads are undefined.
• F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48].
• F0x[F0, D0, B0, 90] and F4x[F0, D0, B0, 90].
• F0x[F4, D4, B4, 94] and F4x[F4, D4, B4, 94].
• F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80].
• F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84].
2.7.1.4
Legal Topologies
The link may be connected in these configurations:
• 16-bit Gen3 device connected (CTL[1] connected)
• 16-bit Gen1 device connected (CTL[1] terminated)
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• Unganged:
• Two 8-bit devices connected
• One 8-bit device connected to either sublink and the other sublink with inputs terminated
• One 8-bit device connected to either sublink and the other sublink with inputs floating
• Link inputs terminated
• Link inputs floating
2.7.1.5
Link Mapping for Dual-Node Processors in the G34 Package
The G34 package supports dual-node processors (F3xE8[MultiNodeCpu]=1). The links on the G34 package
are connected to the links of the internal nodes as shown in Figure 9. See 2.6.4.2 [HyperTransport™ Technology Routing] for supported system topologies.
G34
L1
L3*
L3[15:8]
L1[7:0]
L1[15:8]**
L2[15:8]**
L3[7:0]
L2
L2[7:0]
L3
L0
Internal Node 1
L2
L1
Internal Node 0
L0
* Link 3 of internal node 1 is not connected L0
** This 8 bit link, while physically connected, is not supported
Figure 9: Dual-node processor link diagram.
Since the internal 8 bit link is not supported, BIOS must do the following for dual-node processors:
• Program F0x16C[ConnDly]=1 for both internal nodes.
• If F3xE8[IntNodeNum]=00b, program F4xC4[TransOff and EndOfChain]=1. See F4x[E4, C4, A4, 84].
• If F3xE8[IntNodeNum]=01b, program F4xA4[TransOff and EndOfChain]=1. See F4x[E4, C4, A4, 84].
2.7.2
Termination and Compensation
The links are designed to operate in DC-termination mode as follows.
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Ron, 50 ohms
Rtt
Ron, 50 ohms
Transmitter
100 ohms
Receiver
Figure 10: Link DC termination mode.
Ron and Rtt are constructed with an array of parallel resistors that can be enabled or disabled to vary the resulting resistance. Each parallel resistor is referred to as a tap. Precision external resistors are used by the processor to determine the number of taps that must be enabled in order to match Ron and Rtt to the proper target
values. The results of this compensation circuitry are observable in [The Link Phy Compensation Control Register] F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_xE0[RonRawCal] and [The Link Phy Compensation Control Register] F4x1[9C,
94, 8C, 84]_xE0[RttRawCal]. Other fields in these registers are provided to offset the raw calculated compensation values or override them.
Compensation updates start after PWROK becomes valid (and occur while RESET_L is asserted).
The transmitter and receiver tristate in the PHY OFF state, as entered by F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][TransOff]=1.
2.7.3
Equalization
A high speed data stream passing through the channel distorts due to various effects. The processor employs
equalization to counter this problem and to improve electrical fidelity of the links. Equalization is employed by
changing the voltage level transmitted before and after bit transitions. The transmitter can be attenuated to levels that vary based on bit history, as specified by [The Link Phy Deemphasis Value Registers] F4x1[9C, 94,
8C, 84]_x[D5, C5]. Equalization is not used at Gen1 frequencies.
2.7.4
Link Bandwidth Requirements
The bandwidth of a link may not exceed the bandwidth capacity of the node’s NB. The requirements are as follows:
• For revision C and earlier revisions and revision E where NCLK is the NB COF and HTCLK is the frequency of the link clock:
• 16-bit, ganged links or any ganged links running link BIST: NCLK >= HTCLK.
• 8-bit or less, ganged links: NCLK >= HTCLK / 2.
• All unganged links: NCLK >= HTCLK.
• For revision D, where NCLK is the NB COF and HTCLK is the frequency of the link clock:
• F0x[14C:130][RetryModeEnable]=1: NCLK >= HTCLK / 2.
• F0x[14C:130][RetryModeEnable]=0: NCLK >= HTCLK.
2.7.5
Link Retry
The links support the error-retry mode described by the HyperTransport™ I/O Link Specification, controlled
by [The Link Retry Registers] F0x[14C:130] and [The Link Global Retry Control Register] F0x150. Some
requirements for operation in this mode:
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• The processor does not support error-retry mode over links operating at Gen1 frequencies.
• IO links operating at Gen3 frequencies are required to have error-retry enabled.
• Coherent links operating at Gen3 frequencies are expected to have error-retry enabled. However, the processor logically supports operation of coherent links at Gen3 frequencies without error-retry for test and debug
purposes.
• If any coherent links have error-retry enabled, then all coherent links are required to have it enabled after the
coherent fabric has been configured. Until the warm reset to enable retry on all links, only configuration
space cycles may be used in the coherent fabric.
• The retry history buffer for each ganged link supports up to 32 packets (each packet may include command
and data), 16 packets for each unganged sublink.
2.7.6
Link LDTSTOP_L Disconnect-Reconnect
When disconnected for an LDTSTOP_L assertion, the state of the link and the reconnect time is a function of
the link generation (Gen1 or Gen3) being used (or that the link is changing to, as a result of the LDTSTOP_L
assertion), F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][LdtStopTriEn], and F0x[18C:170][LS2En] as follows:
Table 31: Link disconnect controls
Link Gen LdtStopTriEn
Gen1
0
1.
2.
3.
4.
LS2En
X
CLK
L01
Gen1
1
0
L01
Gen1
1
1
High imp3
Gen3
X
0
L01
Gen3
X
1
EI2
CAD, CTL Reconnect delay
L01
Fast (about 1 microsecond)4
High imp3 Fast (about 1 microsecond)4
High imp3 F3xD8[ReConDel]4
F0x16C[T0Time]
EI2
EI2
F0x16C[T0Time]
L0 represents the active, driven state.
Electrical idle.
High impedance.
F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][ExtCTL]=1 adds 50us after CTL asserts.
2.7.7
LDTSTOP Requirements
• The processor requires additional minimum LDTSTOP_L assertion time for certain system configurations.
• If any of the following system configuration properties are true the minimum LDTSTOP_L assertion
time required by the processor is 10 microseconds:
• The system includes links operating at 200 MHz, 400 MHz, or 600 MHz (see [The Link Frequency/Revision Registers] F0x[E8, C8, A8, 88][Freq]).
• The system connects to registered DIMMs (see [The DRAM Configuration Low Register] F2x[1,
0]90[UnbuffDimm]).
• The system supports the C1E state, F3x[84:80][CpuPrbEn] for C1E is 0, and the link is operating at
a Gen1 frequency.
• Revision D and later processors.
• For all other configurations the minimum LDTSTOP_L assertion time is as specified by the link specification (1 microsecond).
• For all cases of LDTSTOP_L assertion LDTSTOP_L must not deassert less than 10 microseconds after the
processor broadcasts the STOPGRANT message.
• For revision D and later processors with an NB COF < 1.4 GHz, LDTSTOP_L must not deassert less
than 16 microseconds after the processor broadcasts the STOPGRANT message.
• The processor requires a minimum LDTSTOP_L deassertion time as follows:
• 5 us for unbuffered DIMMs and F2x[1, 0]90[DisDllShutdownSR]=1.
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• 10 us for unbuffered DIMMs and F2x[1, 0]90[DisDllShutdownSR]=0.
• 3 us plus F2x[1, 0]90[PllLockTime] for registered DDR2 DIMMs.
• 11 us for registered DDR3-1333 DIMMs.
• 12 us for registered DDR3-1066 DIMMs.
• 15 us for registered DDR3-800 DIMMs.
• 18 us for registered DDR3-667 DIMMs.
• Narrow or slow links and the use of F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][ExtCTL] can greatly increase the time for a Gen1
link to disconnect and reconnect, so the time between LDTSTOP assertions must be increased appropriately
as required by section 8.3 of the HyperTransport™ I/O Link Specification.
2.7.8
Response Ordering
The processor supports non-standard response ordering, not required by the link specification. If the processor
receives multiple IO-sourced memory read requests with certain attributes, then the processor ensures that the
order of the responses to these requests is the same as the order in which the requests were received. The
required attributes are:
• The requests have the same UnitID value (or logical UnitID if multiple UnitIDs are clumped; see [The Link
Clumping Enable Registers] F0x[11C, 118, 114, 110]).
• The requests have the same, non-zero SeqID value.
• The requests have the same PassPW bit value.
• The requests have the same Coherent (snoop) bit value.
• The requests have the same RespPassPW bit value.
• The requests have the same Normal/Isochronous bit value.
This feature may allow IO devices to be designed that do not require re-order buffers. This behavior may be
disabled through [The Northbridge Configuration Register (NB_CFG)] MSRC001_001F[DisOrderRdRsp].
2.7.9
Link Testing, BIST, and ILM
The processor includes a link-defined BIST engine for each link. The control registers are found starting at
[The Link BIST Control Register] F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x100. See the link specification for more information.
The processor also supports link-defined internal loopback mode (ILM), controlled by [The Link Extended
Control Registers] F0x[18C:170][ILMEn].
2.7.10
Miscellaneous Behaviors and Requirements
• The processor does not support the link-defined Atomic read-modify-write command and returns target abort
for any that are received.
• The processor does not support Device Messages and returns master abort for any that are received.
• The processor ignores the Chain bit.
• The processor checks for differential signaling on CTL[1:0] and disabled unused sublinks.
• Revision C processors that support MSRC001_001F[GfxNbPstateDis] and have NB P-states enabled require
the chipset to manage the link width via LDTSTOP to meet link bandwidth requirements. See 2.7.4 [Link
Bandwidth Requirements]. For all other processors link width and frequency changes via LDTSTOP assertion are only supported by BIOS when the system is quiesced.
• Revision D0 processors support LDTSTOP assertion for S1 and S3 only.
• The processor register space does not include the Gen3 link-defined UCC bit or CPIC bit. However, functionally, the initial revisions of the processor would have these bits set to indicate that unthrottled command
generation from IO links is supported (i.e., setting LinkTrain[DisCmdThrt] on the other side of the link) and
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command packet insertion from IO links is supported (i.e., setting LinkTrain[CPIEn] on the other side of the
link). However, no assurances are made regarding future processor revisions; they may rely on throttling and
disabled command packet insertion to operate.
• While transmitting to an IO link, the processor does not ever insert commands (other than NOPs) into data
packets and the processor supports throttling command generation based on the state of F0x168[DisNcHtCmdThrottle].
• The processor logically supports link-defined mode combinations as follows (however electrical requirements may limit some options):
Table 32: Supported link operational modes
Frequency 200-1000MHz
1200MHz and higher
Coupling/
DC
DC
DC coherent
DC
Link Type
non-coherent
operational
test/debug
operational
Termination
RXDIFF
RXDIFF
RXDIFF
RXDIFF
8b10b
No
No
No
No
Scrambling
No
Required
Required
Optional
Gen3 Training
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Retry
No
Required
Optional at low
Optional
speed
• The processor supports link-defined INTx messages. It emulates the ORing of INTx assertions throughout
the system and broadcasts the result. To accomplish this, the processor uses separate counters for each of the
four interrupts (INTA, INTB, INTC, and INTD) which track INTx assertions and deassertions received by
the coherent fabric. Each assertion causes the counter to increment and each deassertion causes the counter to
decrement. As each counter transitions from 0 to 1, the interrupt assertion message is broadcast. As each
counter transitions from 1 to 0, the interrupt deassertion message is broadcast.
• The processor reflects system management messages E2h to FFh for vendor-defined virtual wire messages.
Devices that send or receiver them must have programmable registers to control the command encodings
used so that different devices can interoperate.
• Ganged links leave the upper sublink driven after cold reset (per F0x16C[InLnSt]) unless the lower sublink is
unconnected. If the lower sublink of a ganged link is unconnected, the entire link is disabled.
• The processor cannot be used in a system where the sideband signal (RESET# or LDTSTOP#) skew between
devices is greater than 100us.
• The processor only supports synchronous clocking mode, where both sides of the link have their clocks
derived from the same oscillator.
• No ordering may be assumed between broadcast requests and posted writes.
• The processor allows reordering of upstream posted requests with PassPW=1.
2.8
DRAM Controllers (DCTs)
The DCTs support DDR2 DIMMs or DDR3 DIMMs. Products may be configurable between DDR2 and DDR3
operation. See Table 2.
A DRAM channel is the group of the DRAM interface pins that connect to one series of DIMMs. The processor
supports two DDR channels in single-node products and four DDR channels in dual-node products. The processor includes two DCTs per node. Each DCT controls one 64-bit DDR DIMM channel.
For single-node products, DCT0 controls channel A DDR pins and DCT1 controls channel B DDR pins. However, the processor may be configured: (1) to behave as a single dual-channel DCT; this is called ganged mode;
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or (2) to behave as two single-channel DCTs; this is called unganged mode.
For dual-node products, DCT0 of internal node 0 controls channel A DDR pins, DCT1 of internal node 0 controls channel B DDR pins, DCT0 of internal node 1 controls channel C DDR pins, and DCT1 of internal node
1 controls channel D DDR pins. Ganged mode may only be configured for DCTs on the same node.
BIOS reads F3xE8[MultiNodeCpu] and F3xE8[IntNodeNum] to determine the DCT to DDR channel mapping.
A logical DIMM is either one 64-bit DIMM (as in unganged mode) or two identical DIMMs in parallel to create a 128-bit interface (as in ganged mode). See 2.8.5 [Ganged or Unganged Mode Considerations].
There are restrictions on the configuration and types of DIMMs supported on the DCTs at any one time:
• All DIMMs connected to a node are required to operate at the same MEMCLK frequency, regardless of
which channel they are connected to. Both DCTs must be programmed to the same frequency.
• Mixing of DRAM types (DDR2 and DDR3) within a system is not supported.
• Mixing of unbuffered and registered DIMMs within a system is not supported.
• Mixing of ECC and non-ECC DIMMs within a system is not supported.
Table 33 and Table 35 below list the maximum DIMM speeds supported by the processor for different configurations. See 2.8.9.5.8 [DRAM Address Timing and Output Driver Compensation Control] for detailed information on supported memory bus loads and for configuration settings based on loads.
Table 33: DDR2 Unbuffered and Registered Maximum Frequency Support (per channel)
DIMM
DIMMs
Slots
1
1
2
1
2
4
4
1 or 2
3 or 4
DIMMs
SR or
QR
DR
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
2
2
0
any
any
SO-DIMM
800
800
800
-
Frequency (MT/s)
Unbuffered
DIMM
1066
1066
800
-
Registered
DIMM
800
533
800
533
800
533
800
533
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Table 34: DDR3 SO-DIMM and Unbuffered Maximum Frequency Support (per channel)
DIMM
Slots
DIMMs
1
2 or 3
1
1 or 2
Frequency (MT/s)
SO-DIMMs on Unbuffered DIMMs
motherboard
on motherboard
1333
1333
1066
1333
Notes:
• 2 and 3 DIMM slot boards require a population order restriction for
partially populated channels (see 2.8.9.5.8 [DRAM Address Timing and Output Driver
Compensation Control]).
• 3 DIMM slots are supported only on processors in the G34 package. A maximum of 2
unbuffered DIMMs populated per channel is permitted.
Table 35: DDR3 Registered Maximum Frequency Support (per channel)
Frequency2 (MT/s)
QR
SR or DR
1.5V
1.35V
1
1
1
1333
1333
1
1333
1333
2
1
1
1333
1333
1
1333
1066
2
2
1333
1333
1 or 2
1 or 0
1066
800
3
1
1
1333
1333
1
1066
1066
2
2
1333
1333
1
1
800
800
3
3 SR
1333
1066
3 DR
1066
800
3 mixed
1066
800
1
2
800
667
1. 3 DIMM slots are supported only on processors in the G34 and C32 packages.
2. Frequency, voltage, and population restrictions (including the order for partially
populated channels) may apply (see 2.8.9.5.8 [DRAM Address Timing and Output Driver Compensation Control]).
DIMM
DIMMs
Slots1
2.8.1
DIMMs
DCT Configuration Registers
DCT configuration registers range from F2x[1, 0][5C:40] through F2x[1, 0]A8 and F2x110 through F2x11C.
F2x0XX registers are associated with DCT0 and F2x1XX registers are associated with DCT1.
If the BIOS is not required to be in compatibility mode with the NPT Family 0Fh memory controller, BIOS
must program F2x[1, 0]94[LegacyBiosMode]=0.
When the DCTs are ganged, as specified by [The DRAM Controller Select Low Register] F2x110[DctGangEn], then most of the DCT configuration registers behave as follows: only writes the DCT0 set of registers
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(F2x0XX) are captured (and applied to both channels); reads to the DCT0 set of registers return the value captured in the DCT0 channel registers; writes to the DCT1 set of registers (F2x1XX) are ignored and reads return
all 0’s. The exception is the DCT phy registers, F2x[1, 0]98, F2x[1, 0]9C, and all the associated indexed registers; these all remain independently accessible between the two DCTs when the DCTs are ganged.
2.8.2
DDR Pad to Processor Pin Mapping
The relationship of pad drivers to processor pins varies by package as shown in the following table.
Table 36: Package pin mapping
Pin1
Pad
F(1207)
AM2r2
AM3/ASB2
S1g3/S1g4
C32
G34
Internal Node 0
G34
Internal Node 1
MEMCLK0_H[0]
-
MA1_CLK_H[1] MA_CLK_H[0]2
-
-
MC_CLK_H[4]
MEMCLK0_H[1]
-
MA0_CLK_H[1] MA_CLK_H[1]
-
-
-
MEMCLK0_H[2] MA3_CLK
-
MA_CLK_H[2] MA_CLK_H[3]
MA_CLK_H[0]
MC_CLK_H[0]
MEMCLK0_H[3] MA2_CLK
-
MA_CLK_H[3] MA_CLK_H[2]
MA_CLK_H[1]
MC_CLK_H[1]
MEMCLK0_H[4] MA1_CLK MA1_CLK_H[0] MA_CLK_H[4] MA_CLK_H[1]
MA_CLK_H[2]
MC_CLK_H[2]
MEMCLK0_H[5] MA0_CLK MA0_CLK_H[0] MA_CLK_H[5] MA_CLK_H[0]
MA_CLK_H[3]
MC_CLK_H[3]
MEMCLK0_H[6]
MEMCLK0_H[7]
2
2
-
2
MA1_CLK_H[2] MA_CLK_H[6]
-
MA_CLK_H[4]
-
-
MA0_CLK_H[2] MA_CLK_H[7]
-
-
-
MEMCLK1_H[0]
-
MB1_CLK_H[1] MB_CLK_H[0]2
-
-
MD_CLK_H[4]
MEMCLK1_H[1]
-
MB0_CLK_H[1] MB_CLK_H[1]
-
-
-
MEMCLK1_H[2] MB3_CLK
-
MB_CLK_H[2]2 MB_CLK_H[3]
MB_CLK_H[0]
MD_CLK_H[0]
MEMCLK1_H[3] MB2_CLK
-
MB_CLK_H[3]2 MB_CLK_H[2]
MB_CLK_H[1]
MD_CLK_H[1]
MEMCLK1_H[4] MB1_CLK MB1_CLK_H[0] MB_CLK_H[4] MB_CLK_H[1]
MB_CLK_H[2]
MD_CLK_H[2]
MEMCLK1_H[5] MB0_CLK MB0_CLK_H[0] MB_CLK_H[5] MB_CLK_H[0]
MB_CLK_H[3]
MD_CLK_H[3]
MEMCLK1_H[6]
-
MEMCLK1_H[7]
-
MB1_CLK_H[2] MB_CLK_H[6]
2
-
MB_CLK_H[4]
-
MB0_CLK_H[2] MB_CLK_H[7]
-
-
-
MEMCS0_L[0]
MA0_CS_L[0]
MC0_CS_L[0]
MEMCS0_L[1]
MA0_CS_L[1]
MC0_CS_L[1]
MEMCS0_L[2]
MA1_CS_L[0]
MC1_CS_L[0]
MEMCS0_L[3]
MA1_CS_L[1]
MC1_CS_L[1]
MEMCS0_L[4]
MA2_CS_
L[0]
-
-
MA0_CS_L[2]
MA2_CS_L[0]
MC2_CS_L[0]
MEMCS0_L[5]
MA2_CS_
L[1]
-
-
MA0_CS_L[3]
MA2_CS_L[1]
MC2_CS_L[1]
MEMCS0_L[6]
MA3_CS_
L[0]
-
-
MA1_CS_L[2]
MA3_CS_L[0]
MC3_CS_L[0]
MEMCS0_L[7]
MA3_CS_
L[1]
-
-
MA1_CS_L[3]
MA3_CS_L[1]
MC3_CS_L[1]
MEMCS1_L[0]
MB0_CS_L[0]
MD0_CS_L[0]
MEMCS1_L[1]
MB0_CS_L[1]
MD0_CS_L[1]
MEMCS1_L[2]
MB1_CS_L[0]
MD1_CS_L[0]
MEMCS1_L[3]
MEMCS1_L[4]
MB1_CS_L[1]
MB2_CS_
L[0]
-
MB1_CS_L[1]
-
2
MB1_CS_L[1]
MB0_CS_L[2]
MB2_CS_L[0]
MD1_CS_L[1]
MD2_CS_L[0]
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Table 36: Package pin mapping
Pin1
Pad
F(1207)
AM2r2
AM3/ASB2
S1g3/S1g4
C32
G34
Internal Node 0
G34
Internal Node 1
MEMCS1_L[5]
MB2_CS_
L[1]
-
-
MB0_CS_L[3]
MB2_CS_L[1]
MD2_CS_L[1]
MEMCS1_L[6]
MB3_CS_
L[0]
-
-
MB1_CS_L[2]
MB3_CS_L[0]
MD3_CS_L[0]
MEMCS1_L[7]
MB3_CS_
L[1]
-
-
MB1_CS_L[3]
MB3_CS_L[1]
MD3_CS_L[1]
MEMODT0[0]
MA0_ODT[0]
MEMODT0[1]
MC0_ODT[0]
MA1_ODT[0]
MC1_ODT[0]
MEMODT0[2]
MA2_ODT
[0]
-
MA0_ODT[1]
MA0_ODT[1]
MA2_ODT[0]
MC2_ODT[0]
MEMODT0[3]
MA3_ODT
[0]
-
MA1_ODT[1]
MA1_ODT[1]
MA3_ODT[0]
MC3_ODT[0]
MEMODT1[0]
MB0_ODT[0]
MD0_ODT[0]
MEMODT1[1]
MB1_ODT[0]
MD1_ODT[0]
MEMODT1[2]
MB2_ODT
[0]
-
MB0_ODT[1]
MB0_ODT[1]
MB2_ODT[0]
MD2_ODT[0]
MEMODT1[3]
MB3_ODT
[0]
-
MB1_ODT[1]2
MB1_ODT[1]
MB3_ODT[0]
MD3_ODT[0]
MEMCKE0[0]
MA_CKE[0]
MC_CKE[0]
MEMCKE0[1]
MA_CKE[1]
MC_CKE[1]
MEMCKE1[0]
MB_CKE[0]
MD_CKE[0]
MEMCKE1[1]
MB_CKE[1]
MD_CKE[1]
1. For differential pins, only positive polarity pins are shown; negative polarity pins have corresponding
mapping and are controlled by the same pad.
2. AM3 and ASB2 only.
2.8.3
Support For Multiple Unbuffered Logical DIMMs
There is one copy of command and address pins for each DRAM channel supported by the package. It is
expected that the electrical requirements for unbuffered DIMMs necessitate that slow access mode ([The
DRAM Configuration High Register] F2x[1, 0]94[SlowAccessMode]) be enabled when there is more than one
unbuffered logical DIMM installed to a DRAM controller.
2.8.4
Burst Length
Some IO applications such as graphics may access system memory with many 32-byte transactions. In these
cases, placing the DRAM controller into 32-byte burst mode ([The DRAM Configuration Low Register]
F2x[1, 0]90[BurstLength32]) may improve DRAM efficiency. When a DRAM controller is programmed for
128-bit logical DIMMs (F2x[1, 0]90[Width128]) then only 64-byte bursts are supported.
2.8.5
Ganged or Unganged Mode Considerations
When the DCTs are in ganged mode, as specified by [The DRAM Controller Select Low Register]
F2x110[DctGangEn], then each logical DIMM is two channels wide. Each physical DIMM of a 2-channel logical DIMM is required to be the same size and use the same timing parameters. Both DCTs must be programmed with the same information (see 2.8.1 [DCT Configuration Registers]). When the DCTs are in
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unganged mode, a logical DIMM is equivalent to a 64-bit physical DIMM and each channel is controlled by a
different DCT.
Typical systems are recommended to run in unganged mode to benefit from the additional parallelism generated by using the DCTs independently. See 2.12.2 [DRAM Considerations for ECC] for DRAM ECC implications of ganged and unganged mode. Ganged mode is not supported for S1g3, S1g4, ASB2, and G34
processors.
When enabling two DCTs in unganged mode, BIOS should set F2x[1, 0]94[BankSwizzleMode]=1b,
F2x110[DctSelIntLvAddr]=10b for DDR2 or F2x110[DctSelIntLvAddr]=11b for DDR3, and F2x110[DctSelIntLvEn]=1b.
2.8.6
Routing DRAM Requests
Typically, system BIOS acquires DIMM configuration information, such as the amount of memory on each
DIMM, from the Serial Presence Detect (SPD) ROM on each DIMM and uses this information to program the
DRAM controller registers.
DRAM requests are mapped to the DCT of the appropriate node based on the routing configuration specified in
section 2.6.4.1.1 [DRAM and MMIO Memory Space]. They are mapped to chip selects through [The DRAM
CS Base Address Registers] F2x[1, 0][5C:40], and [The DRAM CS Mask Registers] F2x[1, 0][6C:60].
The following algorithm is designed to be used to determine the processor, the DRAM controller, and the chip
select for a system address that maps to DRAM. SystemAddr is a 64 bit input variable representing the physical address. CSFound, NodeID, ChannelSelect, and CS are output variables. If CSFound is equal to 1, then
NodeID, ChannelSelect, and CS outputs are equal to the node, DRAM controller (zero or one), and the chip
select that corresponds to the input address.
If the On-line Spare feature is enabled BIOS assigns one of the chip-selects for a controller,
CH0SPARE_RANK or CH1SPARE_RANK, to be the spare rank in the event of a DIMM failure precondition.
If the DIMM failure precondition occurs and the data of the failing rank is copied over, the spare rank decodes
to the same system address range as the failing rank (BadDramCs).
(int,int,int,int) TranslateSysAddrToCS((uint64)SystemAddr){
int SwapDone, BadDramCs;
int CSFound, NodeID, CS, F1Offset, F2Offset, F2MaskOffset, Ilog, device;
int HiRangeSelected, DramRange;
uint32 IntlvEn, IntlvSel;
uint32 DramBaseLow, DramLimitLow, DramEn;
uint32 HoleOffset, HoleEn;
uint32 CSBase, CSLimit, CSMask, CSEn;
uint32 InputAddr, Temp;
uint32 OnlineSpareCTL;
uint32 DctSelBaseAddr, DctSelIntLvAddr, DctGangEn, DctSelIntLvEn;
uint32 DctSelHiRngEn,DctSelHi;
uint64 DramBaseLong, DramLimitLong;
uint64 DctSelBaseOffsetLong, ChannelOffsetLong,ChannelAddrLong;
//
//
//
//
device is a user supplied value for the PCI device ID of the processor
from which CSRs are initially read from (current processor is fastest).
CH0SPARE_RANK and CH1SPARE_RANK are user supplied values, determined
by BIOS during DIMM sizing.
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CSFound = 0;
for(DramRange = 0; DramRange < 8; DramRange++)
{
F1Offset = 0x40 + (DramRange << 3);
DramBaseLow = Get_PCI(bus0, device, func1, F1Offset);
DramEn = DramBaseLow & 0x00000003;
IntlvEn = (DramBaseLow & 0x00000700) >> 8;
DramBaseLow = DramBaseLow & 0xFFFF0000;
DramBaseLong = (((Get_PCI(bus0, device, func1, F1Offset + 0x100) & 0xFF)<<32) +
DramBaseLow)<<8;
DramLimitLow = Get_PCI(bus0, device, func1, F1Offset + 4);
NodeID = DramLimitLow & 0x00000007;
IntlvSel = (DramLimitLow & 0x00000700) >> 8;
DramLimitLow = DramLimitLow | 0x0000FFFF;
DramLimitLong = (((Get_PCI(bus0, device, func1, F1Offset + 0x104) & 0xFF)<<32) +
DramLimitLow)<<8 | 0xFF;
HoleEn = Get_PCI(bus0, dev24 + NodeID, func1, 0xF0);
HoleOffset = (HoleEn & 0x0000FF80);
HoleEn = (HoleEn &0x00000003);
if(DramEn && DramBaseLong <= SystemAddr && SystemAddr <= DramLimitLong)
{
if(IntlvEn == 0 || IntlvSel == ((SystemAddr >> 12) & IntlvEn))
{
if(IntlvEn == 1) Ilog = 1;
else if(IntlvEn == 3) Ilog = 2;
else if(IntlvEn == 7) Ilog = 3;
else Ilog = 0;
Temp = Get_PCI(bus0, dev24 + NodeID, func2, 0x10C);
IntLvRgnSwapEn = temp & 0x1;
if(IntLvRgnSwapEn)
{
IntLvRgnBaseAddr = Temp >> 3 & 0x7F;
IntLvRgnLmtAddr = temp >> 11 & 0x7F;
IntLvRgnSize = temp >> 20 & 0x7F;
if((SystemAddr >> 34 == 0) &&
((SystemAddr >> 27 >= IntLvRgnBaseAddr) &&
(SystemAddr >> 27 <= IntLvRgnLmtAddr) ||
(SystemAddr >> 27 < IntLvRgnSize)))
{
SystemAddr ^= IntLvRgnBaseAddr << 27;
}
}
Temp = Get_PCI(bus0, dev24 + NodeID, func2, 0x110);
DctSelHiRngEn = Temp & 1;
DctSelHi = Temp>>1 & 1;
DctSelIntLvEn = Temp & 4;
DctGangEn = Temp & 0x10;
DctSelIntLvAddr = Temp>>6 & 3;
DctSelBaseAddr = Temp & 0xFFFFF800;
DctSelBaseOffsetLong = (Get_PCI(bus0, dev24 + NodeID, func2, 0x114) &
0xFFFFFC00)<<16;
//Determine if High range is selected
if(DctSelHiRngEn && DctGangEn==0 && (SystemAddr>>27) >=
(DctSelBaseAddr>>11)) HiRangeSelected = 1;
else HiRangeSelected=0;
//Determine Channel
if(DctGangEn) ChannelSelect = 0;
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else if (HiRangeSelected) ChannelSelect = DctSelHi;
else if (DctSelIntLvEn && DctSelIntLvAddr == 0)
ChannelSelect = SystemAddr>>6 & 1;
else if (DctSelIntLvEn && DctSelIntLvAddr>>1 & 1)
{
Temp = fUnaryXOR(SystemAddr>>16&0x1F); //function returns odd parity
//1= number of set bits in argument is odd.
//0= number of set bits in argument is even.
if(DctSelIntLvAddr & 1) ChannelSelect = (SystemAddr>>9 & 1)^Temp;
else ChannelSelect = (SystemAddr>>6 & 1)^Temp;
}
else if (DctSelIntLvEn && IntlvEn&4)ChannelSelect = SystemAddr>>15&1;
else if (DctSelIntLvEn && IntlvEn&2)ChannelSelect = SystemAddr>>14&1;
else if (DctSelIntLvEn && IntlvEn&1)ChannelSelect = SystemAddr>>13&1;
else if (DctSelIntLvEn) ChannelSelect = SystemAddr>>12&1;
else if (DctSelHiRngEn && DctGangEn==0) ChannelSelect = ~DctSelHi&1;
else ChannelSelect = 0;
//Determine Base address Offset to use
if(HiRangeSelected)
{
if(!(DctSelBaseAddr & 0xFFFF0000) && (HoleEn & 1) &&
(SystemAddr >= 0x1_00000000))
ChannelOffsetLong = HoleOffset<<16;
else
ChannelOffsetLong= DctSelBaseOffsetLong;
}
else
{
if((HoleEn & 1) && (SystemAddr >= 0x1_00000000))
ChannelOffsetLong = HoleOffset<<16;
else
ChannelOffsetLong = DramBaseLong & 0xFFFF_F8000000;
}
//Remove hoisting offset and normalize to DRAM bus addresses
ChannelAddrLong = (SystemAddr & 0x0000FFFF_FFFFFFC0) (ChannelOffsetLong & 0x0000FFFF_FF800000);
//Remove Node ID (in case of processor interleaving)
Temp = ChannelAddrLong & 0xFC0;
ChannelAddrLong = (ChannelAddrLong >>Ilog & 0xFFFF_FFFFF000)|Temp;
//Remove Channel interleave and hash
if(DctSelIntLvEn && HiRangeSelected==0 && DctGangEn==0)
{
if(DctSelIntLvAddr & 1 != 1)
ChannelAddrLong = (ChannelAddrLong>>1) & 0xFFFFFFFF_FFFFFFC0;
else if(DctSelIntLvAddr == 1)
{
Temp = ChannelAddrLong & 0xFC0;
ChannelAddrLong = ((ChannelAddrLong & 0xFFFFFFFF_FFFFE000) >> 1)| Temp;
}
else
{
Temp = ChannelAddrLong & 0x1C0;
ChannelAddrLong = ((ChannelAddrLong & 0xFFFFFFFF_FFFFFC00) >> 1)| Temp;
}
}
InputAddr = ChannelAddrLong>>8;
for(CS = 0; CS < 8; CS++)
{
F2Offset = 0x40 + (CS << 2);
if ((CS % 2) == 0)
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F2MaskOffset = 0x60 + (CS << 1);
else
F2MaskOffset = 0x60 + ((CS-1) << 1);
if(ChannelSelect)
{
F2Offset+=0x100;
F2MaskOffset+=0x100;
}
CSBase = Get_PCI(bus0, dev24 + NodeID, func2, F2Offset);
CSEn = CSBase & 0x00000001;
CSBase = CSBase & 0x1FF83FE0;
CSMask = Get_PCI(bus0, dev24 + NodeID, func2, F2MaskOffset);
CSMask = (CSMask | 0x0007C01F) & 0x1FFFFFFF;
if(CSEn && ((InputAddr & ~CSMask) == (CSBase & ~CSMask)))
{
CSFound = 1;
OnlineSpareCTL = Get_PCI(bus0, dev24 + NodeID, func3, 0xB0);
if(ChannelSelect)
{
SwapDone = (OnlineSpareCTL >> 3) & 0x00000001;
BadDramCs = (OnlineSpareCTL >> 8) & 0x00000007;
if(SwapDone && CS == BadDramCs) CS=CH1SPARE_RANK;
}
else
{
SwapDone = (OnlineSpareCTL >> 1) & 0x00000001;
BadDramCs = (OnlineSpareCTL >> 4) & 0x00000007;
if(SwapDone && CS == BadDramCs) CS=CH0SPARE_RANK;
}
break;
}
}
}
}
if(CSFound) break;
} // for each DramRange
return(CSFound,NodeID,ChannelSelect,CS);
2.8.7
DRAM Controller Direct Response Mode
The DCT supports direct response mode for responding to a cache line fill request before the DCT is initialized
(see 2.8.9.6).
In direct response mode, the target DCT responds to a cache line fill request by returning 64 bytes of all ones
without issuing a read transaction on the DRAM bus. The BIOS uses this feature to allocate cache lines for
temporary data storage. See 2.3.3 for more information. The controller exits direct response mode when either
F2x[1, 0]7C[EnDramInit] or F2x[1, 0]90[InitDram] is set to 1.
2.8.8
DRAM Data Burst Mapping
DRAM requests are mapped to data bursts on the DDR bus in the following order:
• In unganged mode, when F2x110[DctDatIntLv] = 0, a 64-byte request is mapped to each of the eight sequential data beats as QW0, QW1...QW7.
• In unganged mode, when F2x110[DctDatIntLv] = 1, the order of cache data to QW on the bus is the same
except that even and odd bits are interleaved on the DRAM bus as follows:
• For every 8 bytes in the cache line, even bits map to QW0, QW2, QW4, and QW6 on the DRAM bus.
• For every 8 bytes in the cache line, odd bits map to QW1, QW3, QW5, and QW7 on the DRAM bus.
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• In ganged mode, a 64-byte request is mapped to each of the four sequential data beats across both channels as
QW0 (channel A), QW1 (channel B), QW2 (channel A)...QW7 (channel B).
• In ganged mode, two sequential 64-byte requests that are combined to form a single 128-byte request are
mapped to each of the eight sequential data beats across both channels as QW0 (channel A), QW1 (channel
B), QW2 (channel A)...QW15 (channel B).
2.8.9
DCT/DRAM Initialization
DRAM initialization involves several steps in order to configure the DRAM controllers and the DRAM, and to
tune the DRAM channel for optimal performance. The following describes an ordered sequence of steps
needed to accomplish setting up the memory channels from reset.
After cold reset, BIOS performs the following in order:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Configure the DDR supply voltage regulator. See 2.8.9.1.
Phy and controller mode configuration. See 2.8.9.2.
Phy compensation initialization. See 2.8.9.3.
DRAM controller and device initialization. See the note at the end of this section.
A. Program SPD timings. See 2.8.9.4.
B. Program Non-SPD timings. See 2.8.9.5 and all sub-sections.
C. DRAM device initialization. See 2.8.9.6.
Phy Fence programming. See 2.8.9.7.
For DDR3 memory, DRAM Write Leveling. See 2.8.9.9.1.
Perform second pass of steps 3 through 5 at the target frequency, if applicable. See note 2 at the end of this
section.
DRAM data training. See 2.8.9.9 and all sub-sections:
A. Receiver Enable Training. See 2.8.9.9.2.
B. DQS Position Training.See 2.8.9.9.3.
C. MaxRdLat Training. See 2.8.9.9.5.1.
Program Non-SPD timings to optimal values. See 2.8.9.5 and all sub-sections.
The memory subsystem is ready for use.
Notes:
1. If both controllers are enabled and unganged then BIOS must take extra steps to ensure that the MEMCLK
frequency of DCT1 is the same as the MEMCLK frequency of DCT0. See 2.8.9.8 for more details.
2. If DDR3 memory is used and the target frequency is not the minimum frequency supported by the controller (either 333 MHz or 400 MHz; see F2x[1, 0]94[MemClkFreq]), then BIOS must perform two initialization passes for certain steps during the DCT/DRAM initialization; the first pass BIOS configures
MEMCLK to the minimum supported frequency, and the second pass BIOS configures MEMCLK frequency to the target frequency.
2.8.9.1
DDR3 Supply Voltage Configuration
Some processor revisions support JEDEC defined 1.5V and 1.35V DDR3 devices. See Table 2. Platforms that
support 1.35V operation should power on VDDIO at 1.35V until operating voltage is determined by reading
the SPD ROM of all the DIMMs. BIOS should not operate DIMMs at voltages higher than supported as indicated by the SPD.
The recommended BIOS configuration sequence is as follows:
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1. BIOS reads the SPD ROM of all DIMMs to determine the common operating voltages.
2. BIOS configures VDDIO to match the lowest common supported voltage based on the SPD values. See
platform specific documentation for changing the voltage.
3. Additional derating of the DDR speed may be necessary. See Table 2 for revision specific maximum
speed. See 2.8.9.5.8 [DRAM Address Timing and Output Driver Compensation Control] for information
on voltage and electrical load specific maximum speed.
4. For S1g4 and ASB2 processors, configure VDDR based on the target frequency.
• For 1333 MT/s, program VDDR=1.05V.
• For 1067 MT/s or slower, program VDDR=900mV.
2.8.9.2
Phy and Controller Mode Configuration
To enable subsequent phy and controller register accesses to be routed correctly, BIOS must do the following:
• Program F2x[1, 0]94[LegacyBiosMode] = 0.
• Program F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode], based on the platform and DIMM type.
2.8.9.3
Phy compensation initialization
Each normalized driver strength code in F2x[1, 0]9C_x00[DataDrvStren, AddrCmdDrvStren] has a corresponding D3CMP predriver calibration code that must be programmed into F2x9C_x0A. BIOS is required to
program F2x9C_x0A after any processor or memory reset before any DDR commands are sent to the DRAM.
BIOS initializes the DDR phy compensation logic registers F2x9C_x09 and F2x9C_x0A by performing the
following steps:
1. BIOS disables the phy compensation register by programming F2x[1, 0]9C_x08[DisAutoComp]=1.
2. BIOS waits 5 us for the disabling of the compensation engine to complete.
3. For each normalized driver strength code read from F2x[1, 0]9C_x00[AddrCmdDrvStren], program the
corresponding 3 bit predriver code in F2x9C_x0A[D3Cmp1NCal, D3Cmp1PCal].
4. For each normalized driver strength code read from F2x[1, 0]9C_x00[DataDrvStren], program the corresponding 3 bit predriver code in F2x9C_x0A[D3Cmp0NCal, D3Cmp0PCal, D3Cmp2NCal,
D3Cmp2PCal]. Configurations with both channels running in unganged mode with four DIMMs at
DDR533 should program 000b in F2x9C_x0A[D3Cmp0NCal, D3Cmp0PCal, D3Cmp2NCal,
D3Cmp2PCal].
BIOS re-enables the phy compensation engine when DRAM initialization is complete. See 2.8.9.6.
2.8.9.4
SPD ROM-Based Configuration
The SPD ROM is a non-volatile memory device on the DIMM encoded by the DIMM manufacturer. The
description of the SPD is usually provided on a data sheet for the DIMM itself along with data describing the
memory devices used. The data describes configuration and speed characteristics of the DIMM and the
SDRAM components mounted on the DIMM. The associated data sheet also contains the DIMM byte values
that are encoded in the SPD on the DIMM.
BIOS reads the values encoded in the SPD ROM through the IO hub, which obtains the information through a
secondary device connected to the IO hub through the SMBus. This secondary device communicates with the
DIMM by means of the I2C bus. BIOS must determine the type of DRAM used on the DIMM in order to interpret the SPD byte values correctly as they differ greatly between DRR2 and DDR3. This information is available in byte 2 of the SPD in all DIMM devices.
The SPD ROM provides values for several DRAM timing parameters that are required by the DCT. In general,
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BIOS should use the optimal value specified by the SPD ROM. These parameters are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Tcl: (CAS latency)
Trc: Active-to-Active/Auto Refresh command period
Trfc: Auto-Refresh-to-Active/Auto Refresh command period
Trcd: Active-to-Read-or-Write delay
Trrd: Active-Bank-A to-Active-Bank-B delay
Tras: Active-to-Precharge delay
Trp: Precharge time
Tref: Refresh interval
Trtp: Internal Read to Precharge command delay
Twtr: Internal Write to Read command delay
Twr: Write recovery time
Optimal cycle time is specified for each DIMM and is used to limit or determine bus frequency. See 2.8.9.8
[DRAM Channel Frequency Change] for more information on configuring the bus frequency.
BIOS should follow the JEDEC SPD specification to determine the frequency and CAS latency supported by
each DIMM. BIOS should limit the frequency based on processor support. See 2.8.9.5.8 [DRAM Address
Timing and Output Driver Compensation Control]. If a channel has multiple DIMMs with multiple supported
CAS latencies, BIOS should choose the highest processor supported frequency supported by all DIMMs on the
channel for which a common supported CAS latency exists. If BIOS does not find a common supported CAS
latency, then BIOS should revert to a fail-safe frequency and CAS latency that all of the DRAMs are capable of
supporting as defined by the JEDEC DRAM specification.
2.8.9.5
Non-SPD ROM-Based Configuration
There are several DRAM timing parameters and DCT configurations that need to be programmed for optimal
memory performance. These values are not derived from the SPD ROM. Several of these timing parameters
are functions of other configuration values. These interdependencies must be considered when programming
values into several DCT register timing fields. The factors to consider when specifying a value for a specific
non-SPD timing parameter are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
DDR2 vs. DDR3 DRAM types.
Mixed or non-mixed DIMMs (x4 with x8).
Training delay values. See 2.8.9.9 [DRAM Training].
Read and write latency differences.
The phy's idle clock requirements on the data bus.
DDR3 ODT timing requirements.
The following sub-sections describe how BIOS programs each non-SPD related timing field to a recommended
minimum timing value with respect to the above factors.
2.8.9.5.1
Trdrd (Read to Read Timing)
The optimal value for F2x[1, 0]8C[Trdrd] is platform and configuration specific and should be characterized
for best performance. Prior to DRAM training, BIOS should program this parameter to the largest defined
value. After DRAM training, BIOS should use the guidelines below to configure the recommended platform
generic timing value after DDR training is complete:
• BIOS calculates Trdrd (in MEMCLKs) = CGDDTrdrd / 2 + 3 clocks and programs F2x[1, 0]8C[Trdrd] with
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the encoded field value. BIOS rounds fractional values down. BIOS has two options for calculating CGDD:
• The conservative Critical Gross Delay Difference for Trdrd (CGDDTrdrd) is the largest F2x[1,
0]9C_x[2B:10][DqsRcvEnGrossDelay] delay of all byte lanes and all DIMMs minus the smallest F2x[1,
0]9C_x[2B:10][DqsRcvEnGrossDelay] delay of all byte lanes and all DIMMs.
• The optimal Critical Gross Delay Difference (in UI) for Trdrd (CGDDTrdrd) is the largest GDD of all
byte lanes. The GDD on each byte lane is the largest F2x[1, 0]9C_x[2B:10][DqsRcvEnGrossDelay]
delay of that byte lane of any DIMM minus the smallest F2x[1, 0]9C_x[2B:10][DqsRcvEnGrossDelay]
delay of that byte lane of any other DIMM.
The generalized optimal CGDD (in UI) for Trdrd, Twrwr, Twrrd, and TrwtTO is implemented in software as
follows:
(signed int)CGDD = (signed int)GDD = 0;
for(i = 0;i < MAX_DIMMs;i++)
{
for(j = 0;j < MAX_DIMMs;j++)
{
for(k = 0;k < MAX_BYTELANEs;k++)
{
GDD = Delay_Term1[i][k] - Delay_Term2[j][k];
if (GDD > CGDD) CGDD = GDD;
}
}
}
2.8.9.5.2
Twrwr (Write to Write Timing)
The optimal value for F2x[1, 0]8C[Twrwr] is platform and configuration specific and should be characterized
for best performance. Prior to DRAM training, BIOS should program this parameter to the largest defined
value; otherwise, BIOS should program Twrwr as follows:
• BIOS calculates Twrwr (in MEMCLKs) = CGDDTwrwr / 2 + 3 clocks and programs F2x[1, 0]8C[Twrwr]
with the encoded field value. BIOS rounds fractional values down. BIOS has two options for calculating
CGDD:
• The conservative Critical Gross Delay Difference for Twrwr (CGDDTwrwr) is the largest F2x[1,
0]9C_x[3:0]0[2:1]:F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]03[WrDatGrossDlyByte] delay of all byte lanes and all DIMMs
minus the smallest F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]0[2:1]:F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]03[WrDatGrossDlyByte] delay of all
byte lanes and all DIMMs.
• The optimal Critical Gross Delay Difference (in UI) for Twrwr (CGDDTwrwr) is the largest GDD of all
byte lanes. The GDD on each byte lane is the largest F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]0[2:1]:F2x[1,
0]9C_x[3:0]03[WrDatGrossDlyByte] delay of that byte lane of any DIMM minus the smallest F2x[1,
0]9C_x[3:0]0[2:1]:F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]03[WrDatGrossDlyByte] delay of that byte lane of any other
DIMM. See “generalized optimal CGDD” in [The Trdrd (Read to Read Timing)] 2.8.9.5.1.
2.8.9.5.3
Twrrd (Write to Read DIMM Termination Turn-around)
The optimal value for F2x[1, 0]8C[Twrrd] is platform and configuration specific and should be characterized
for best performance. Prior to DRAM training, BIOS should program this parameter to the largest defined
value; otherwise, BIOS should use the guidelines below to configure the recommended platform generic timing value after DDR training is complete:
• BIOS calculates Twrrd (in MEMCLKs) = CGDDTwrrd / 2 - LD + 3 clocks and programs F2x[1, 0]8C[Twrrd]
with the encoded field value. BIOS rounds fractional values down.
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• For DDR3, BIOS calculates the latency difference (LD) as equal to read CAS latency minus write CAS
latency, in MEMCLKs (see F2x[1, 0]88[Tcl] and F2x[1, 0]84[Tcwl]) which can be a negative or positive
value.
• For DDR2, the LD is always one clock.
• BIOS has two options for calculating CGDD:
• The Critical Gross Delay Difference for Twrrd (CGDDTwrrd) is the largest F2x[1,
0]9C_x[3:0]0[2:1]:F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]03[WrDatGrossDlyByte] delay of all byte lanes and all DIMMs
minus the smallest F2x[1, 0]9C_x[2B:10][DqsRcvEnGrossDelay] delay of all byte lanes and all
DIMMs.
• The optimal Critical Gross Delay Difference (in UI) for Twrrd (CGDDTwrrd) is the largest GDD of all
byte lanes. The GDD on each byte lane is the largest F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]0[2:1]:F2x[1,
0]9C_x[3:0]03[WrDatGrossDlyByte] delay of that byte lane of any DIMM minus the smallest F2x[1,
0]9C_x[2B:10][DqsRcvEnGrossDelay] delay of that byte lane of any other DIMM. See “generalized
optimal CGDD” in [The Trdrd (Read to Read Timing)] 2.8.9.5.1.
2.8.9.5.4
TrwtTO (Read-to-Write Turnaround for Data, DQS Contention)
The optimal value for F2x[1, 0]8C[TrwtTO] is platform and configuration specific and should be characterized
for best performance. Prior to DRAM training, BIOS should program this parameter to the largest defined
value; otherwise, BIOS should use the guidelines below to configure the recommended platform generic timing value after DDR training is complete:
• BIOS calculates TrwtTO (in MEMCLKs) = CGDDTrwtTO / 2 + LD + 3 clocks and programs F2x[1,
0]8C[TrwtTO] with the converted field value. BIOS rounds fractional values down.
• For DDR3, BIOS calculates the latency difference (LD) as equal to read CAS latency minus write CAS
latency, in MEMCLKs (see F2x[1, 0]88[Tcl] and F2x[1, 0]84[Tcwl]) which can be a negative or positive
value.
• For DDR2, the LD is always one clock.
• BIOS has two options for calculating CGDD:
• The Critical Gross Delay Difference for TrwtTO (CGDDTrwtTO) is the largest F2x[1,
0]9C_x[2B:10][DqsRcvEnGrossDelay] delay of all byte lanes and all DIMMs minus the smallest F2x[1,
0]9C_x[3:0]0[2:1]:F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]03[WrDatGrossDlyByte] delay of all byte lanes and all DIMMs.
• The optimal Critical Gross Delay Difference (in UI) for TrwtTO (CGDDTrwtTO) is the largest GDD of all
byte lanes. The GDD on each byte lane is the largest F2x[1, 0]9C_x[2B:10][DqsRcvEnGrossDelay]
delay of that byte lane of any DIMM minus the smallest F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]0[2:1]:F2x[1,
0]9C_x[3:0]03[WrDatGrossDlyByte] delay of that byte lane of any other DIMM. See “generalized optimal CGDD” in [The Trdrd (Read to Read Timing)] 2.8.9.5.1.
2.8.9.5.5
TrwtWB (Read-to-Write Turnaround for Opportunistic Write Bursting)
This timing parameter, F2x[1, 0]8C[TrwtWB], ensures read-to-write data-bus turnaround. This value should be
one more than the programmed F2x[1, 0]8C[TrwtTO] value. See [The TrwtTO (Read-to-Write Turnaround for
Data, DQS Contention)] 2.8.9.5.4.
2.8.9.5.6
FourActWindow (Four Bank Activate Window or tFAW)
No more than 4 banks may be activated in a rolling tFAW window. For DDR2 devices, BIOS must convert the
tFAW parameter into MEMCLK cycles by dividing the highest tFAW parameter (in ns) found in all the SPD
ROMs for DIMMs connected to the channel by the period of MEMCLK (in ns) and rounding up to the next
integer. For example, if this field is set to 10 clocks and an activate command is issued in clock N, then no
more than three further activate commands may be issued in clocks N+1 through N+9. Table 37 shows the
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DDR2 F2x[1, 0]94[tFAW] clock values used for various frequencies and page sizes.
Table 37: DDR2 Four Bank Activate Window Values
Page Size
1K
2K
533 MHz
19 MEMCLKs
24 MEMCLKs
400 MHz
14 MEMCLKs
18 MEMCLKs
333 MHz
13 MEMCLKs
17 MEMCLKs
266 MHz
10 MEMCLKs
14 MEMCLKs
200 MHz
8 MEMCLKs
10 MEMCLKs
For DDR3, BIOS should use the tFAW values specified in the SPD ROM for the specific DIMM device.
2.8.9.5.7
DRAM ODT Control
This section describes the ODT configurations and settings for the processor and attached DIMMs. The tables
specify ODT values for different speeds and configurations, on a per channel basis. The processor ODT values
are controlled by F2x[1, 0]9C_x00[ProcOdt] for both DDR2 and DDR3. The DIMM termination values are
programmed as specified below before DRAM device initialization. If the DIMM termination values are
changed after device initialization then BIOS must issue MRS commands to the devices to change the values.
See F2x[1, 0]7C for more information.
Table 38 and Table 39 document the ODT termination values for different DDR2 configurations. The DDR2
DIMM nominal termination resistance is controlled by F2x[1, 0]90[DramTerm].
Table 42 documents the ODT nominal (non-write) and dynamic termination resistance values for different
DDR3 unbuffered DIMM configurations. The DDR3 DIMM nominal termination resistance is controlled by
F2x[1, 0]84[DramTerm]. The DDR3 DIMM dynamic termination resistance is controlled by F2x[1,
0]84[DramTermDyn].
Table 43 and Table 44 document the ODT nominal (non-write) and dynamic termination resistance values for
different DDR3 registered DIMM configurations. The BIOS enables nominal termination on even numbered
ranks and disables nominal termination of odd numbered ranks of a quad rank DIMM. In addition, BIOS configures different ODT values for single rank or dual rank DIMMs on a channel including quad rank DIMMs, as
specified in this table.
Table 38: ODT Settings for DDR2 SO-DIMMs
DDR Type-Rate
533, 667, 800
533, 667
800
Number of DIMMs
1
2
2
Processor ODT
150 ohms
150 ohms
150 ohms
DIMM ODT
150 ohms
75 ohms
50 ohms
Table 39: ODT Settings for DDR2 UDIMMs and RDIMMs
DDR Rate
400, 533, 667
400, 533
667
800
800
1066
Number of DIMMs
1
2 or more
2
1
2
1
Processor ODT
75 ohms
150 ohms
150 ohms
75 ohms
150 ohms
75 ohms
DIMM ODT
75 ohms
75 ohms
75 ohms
75 ohms
50 ohms
75 ohms
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Table 40: ODT Settings for DDR3 SO-DIMMs (1 DIMM per channel)
DDR Rate
Number of DIMMs
Processor ODT
DIMM ODT
(Rtt_Nom)
800
1066
1333
1
1
1
240 ohms
120 ohms
60 ohms
120 ohms
60 ohms
60 ohms
DIMM Dynamic
ODT
(Rtt_Wr)
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Table 41: ODT Setting for DDR3 SO-DIMMs (2 DIMMs per channel)
DDR Rate
Number of DIMMs
Processor ODT
DIMM ODT
(Rtt_Nom)
800 - 1066
800
1066
1
60 ohms
60 ohms
60 ohms
60 ohms
40 ohms
30 ohms
2
DIMM Dynamic
ODT
(Rtt_Wr)
Disabled
120 ohms
120 ohms
Table 42: ODT Settings for DDR3 UDIMMs (2 or 3 DIMMs per channel)
DDR Rate
800 - 1333
800 - 1333
DIMM Dynamic
ODT
(Rtt_Wr)
Disabled
Number of DIMMs
Processor ODT
DIMM ODT
(Rtt_Nom)
1 SR or DR DIMM
on 2 DIMM/Ch
platform
or
1 SR DIMM on 3
DIMM/Ch platform
1 DR DIMM on 3
DIMM/Ch platform
60 ohms
60 ohms
60 ohms
Rank0: 60 ohms
Rank1: Disabled
60 ohms
60 ohms
60 ohms
40 ohms
30 ohms
120 ohms
120 ohms
800 - 1066
1333
2
Table 43: ODT Settings for DDR3 RDIMMs (2 DIMMs per channel)
DDR Rate
800 - 1333
800 - 1066
1333
800 - 1066
800
1066
Number of
DIMMs1
1 SR or DR
2 SR or DR
1 QR
1 SR or DR and
1 QR
Processor ODT
60 ohms
60 ohms
60 ohms
60 ohms
60 ohms
60 ohms
DIMM Dynamic
SR or DR DIMM
QR DIMM ODT
ODT
ODT
(Rtt_Nom)2
(Rtt_Wr)
(Rtt_Nom)
60 ohms
Disabled
40 ohms
120 ohms
30 ohms
120 ohms
60 ohms
120 ohms
30 ohms
60 ohms
120 ohms
30 ohms
60 ohms
60 ohms
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Table 43: ODT Settings for DDR3 RDIMMs (2 DIMMs per channel)
DIMM Dynamic
SR or DR DIMM
QR DIMM ODT
ODT
ODT
(Rtt_Nom)2
(Rtt_Wr)
(Rtt_Nom)
800
2 QR
60 ohms
60 ohms
120 ohms
1066
2 QR
60 ohms
60 ohms
60 ohms
1. SR = Single Rank, DR = Dual Rank, QR = Quad Rank.
2. BIOS enables Rtt_Nom only on ranks S0 and S2 of a QR DIMM.
DDR Rate
Number of
DIMMs1
Processor ODT
Table 44: ODT Settings for DDR3 RDIMMs (3 DIMMs per channel)
DDR Rate
800 - 1333
800 - 1066
1333
Number of
DIMMs1
1 SR or DR
2 SR or DR
Processor ODT
60 ohms
60 ohms
60 ohms
800 - 1333
3 SR or DR
60 ohms
800 - 1066
800
1066
1 QR
60 ohms
60 ohms
60 ohms
1 SR or DR and
1 QR
SR or DR DIMM
ODT2
(Rtt_Nom)
60 ohms
40 ohms
30 ohms
30 or 40 ohms3
30 ohms
30 ohms
QR DIMM
ODT2
(Rtt_Nom)
-
DIMM Dynamic
ODT
(Rtt_Wr)
60 ohms
60 ohms
60 ohms
60 ohms
120 ohms
120 ohms
60 ohms
120 ohms
Disabled
120 ohms
120 ohms
120 ohms
2 SR or DR and
60 ohms
40 ohms
1 QR
1. SR = Single Rank, DR = Dual Rank, QR = Quad Rank.
2. BIOS enables Rtt_Nom only on rank S0 of a DR DIMM and ranks S0 and S2 of a QR DIMM.
3. If C32 package with 3 single rank DIMMs at DDR-1066 at 1.5V or if G34 package (any three SR or DR
DIMMs) then Rtt_Nom=30 ohms; else Rtt_Nom=40 ohms.
800
The following describes the general ODT behavior for various DDR2 system configurations. In all cases, the
processor ODT is off for writes and is on for reads:
• For 1 DIMM on a channel:
• For writes, the first rank of the DIMM provides ODT.
• For reads, the DIMM ODT is off for all ranks.
• For 2 DIMMs on a channel:
• For writes and reads:
• ODT is on for the first rank of the non-targeted DIMM.
• ODTs are off for all other ranks on the channel.
• For more than 2 DIMMs on a channel:
• For writes and reads:
• ODT is active for the first rank of all the non-target DIMMs. The target DIMM being written has
ODT turned off for all ranks.
The following describes the general ODT behavior for various DDR3 system configurations. In all cases, the
processor ODT is off for writes and is on for reads:
• For one dual rank DIMM on a channel:
• For writes, the ODT of the target rank is off and the non-target rank is on. If the DIMM is a single rank
DIMM, then ODT is on for that rank.
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•
•
•
•
•
•
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
• For reads, the DIMM ODT is off for all ranks.
For two dual rank DIMMs on a channel:
• For writes, the ODT is on for the target rank of the target DIMM and also on for the first rank of the nontarget DIMM.
• For reads, ODT is on for the first rank of the non-target DIMM.
For one 4 rank DIMM on a channel:
• For writes to any even target rank (i.e. ranks 0 or 2), the ODT is on for all even ranks. For writes to rank
1, the ODT is on for rank1 and for rank 2. For writes to rank 3, the ODT is on for rank 3 and rank 0.
• For reads, the DIMM ODT is off for all ranks.
For one single rank DIMM and one 4 rank DIMM on a channel:
• For writes, if the target is the single rank DIMM, then ODT is on for the target rank and the ODT is on
for all even ranks of the 4 rank DIMM. ODT is off for all other ranks.
• For writes, if the target rank is on the 4 rank DIMM, then ODT is on for the single rank DIMM and ODT
is on for the target rank of the 4 rank DIMM. ODT is off for all other ranks.
• For reads, if the target is the single rank DIMM, then ODT is on for all even ranks of the 4 rank DIMM
only. ODT is off for all other ranks.
• For reads, if the target rank is on the 4 rank DIMM, then ODT is on for the single rank DIMM only.
For one dual rank DIMM and one 4 rank DIMM on a channel:
• For writes, if the write is to one of the ranks on the target dual rank DIMM, then ODT is on for the target
rank and ODT is also on for all even ranks of the 4 rank DIMM. ODT is off for all other ranks.
• For writes, if the write is to a rank on the 4 rank DIMM, then ODT is on for the first rank of the dual rank
DIMM and ODT is also on for the target rank of the 4 rank DIMM. ODT is off for all other ranks.
• For reads, if the read is from one of the ranks of the dual rank DIMM, then ODT is on for all even ranks
of the non-target 4 rank DIMM.
• For reads, if the read is from a rank on the 4 rank DIMM, then ODT is on for the first rank of the dual
rank DIMM only.
For two 4 rank DIMMs on a channel:
• For writes, if the write is to one of the ranks of a 4 rank DIMM, then ODT is on for that target rank and
ODT is also on for all even ranks of the non-target 4 rank DIMM. ODT is off for all other ranks.
• For reads, if the read is from one of the ranks of a 4 rank DIMM, then ODT is on for all even ranks of the
non-target 4 rank DIMM.
For more than two registered DIMMs on a channel:
• For writes, ODT is on for the first rank of all the DIMMs.
• For reads, ODT is on for the first rank of all the non-target DIMMs. ODT is off for the target DIMM.
On revision D and later processors, the BIOS may additionally configure the ODT pattern by setting F2x[1,
0]A8[ProgOdtEn]. The ODT patterns for reads and writes are programmed using F2x[1, 0]F4_x[181:180] and
F2x[1, 0]F4_x[183:182], respectively, as specified by the tables below for a given platform type and DIMM
population. Table 45, Table 47, Table 49, and Table 49 document the recommended ODT patterns for each
DRAM channel.
For DDR3 system configurations, the BIOS can configure the ODT pattern write leveling by setting F2x[1,
0]9C_x08[WrLvOdtEn] and programming the DIMM ODT pattern using F2x[1, 0]9C_x08[WrLvOdt[3:0]].
Table 46, Table 48, and Table 50 document the recommended ODT patterns for each target DIMM. See
2.8.9.9.1 [Write Levelization Training].
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Table 45: DDR3 UDIMM ODT Pattern
DIMM0
DIMM1
SR/DR
SR
DR
SR/DR
F2x[1, 0]F4_x[181:180]
x181
x180
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
0101_0202h
F2x[1, 0]F4_x[183:182]
x183
x182
0000_0000h
0002_0000h
0000_0000h
0208_0000h
0000_0000h
0903_0603h
Table 46: DDR3 SO-DIMM and UDIMM Write Leveling ODT Pattern
F2x[1, 0]9C_x08[WrLvOdt[3:0]]
DIMM0
DIMM1
SR
DR
SR/DR
SR/DR
SR
N/A
DR
N/A
1. Target DIMM.
2. For Unbuffered DIMMs.
3. For SO-DIMMs.
2 DIMM slots per channel2
DIMM01
3h
N/A
N/A
1 DIMM slot per channel3
DIMM11
2h
8h
3h
N/A
N/A
DIMM01
N/A
N/A
N/A
1h
4h
Table 47: DDR3 RDIMM ODT Pattern (2 DIMMs per channel)
DIMM04
DIMM14
SR
DR
QR
SR/DR
SR/DR
SR/DR
QR
QR
SR/DR
QR
QR
4. Daisy chain topology.
F2x[1, 0]F4_x[181:180]
x181
x180
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
0101_0202h
0101_0000h
0101_0A0Ah
0000_0202h
0505_0202h
0505_0A0Ah
0505_0A0Ah
F2x[1, 0]F4_x[183:182]
x183
x182
0000_0000h
0002_0000h
0000_0000h
0208_0000h
0A0A_0000h
0A0A_0000h
0000_0000h
0903_0603h
0109_0000h
0103_0E0Bh
0000_0206h
0D07_0203h
050D_0A0Eh
0507_0A0Bh
Table 48: DDR3 RDIMM Write Leveling ODT Pattern (2 DIMMs per channel)
DIMM0
DIMM1
F2x[1, 0]9C_x08[WrLvOdt[3:0]]
DIMM01
SR
DR
QR
SR/DR
SR/DR
3h
1. Target DIMM. QR represented as target ranks S0/S2.
DIMM11
2h
8h
Ah/Ah
3h
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Table 48: DDR3 RDIMM Write Leveling ODT Pattern (2 DIMMs per channel)
DIMM0
F2x[1, 0]9C_x08[WrLvOdt[3:0]]
DIMM1
DIMM01
SR/DR
QR
Bh
QR
SR/DR
3h/6h
QR
QR
Bh/Eh
1. Target DIMM. QR represented as target ranks S0/S2.
DIMM11
3h/9h
7h
7h/Dh
Table 49: DDR3 UDIMM and RDIMM ODT Pattern (3 DIMMs per channel)
F2x[1, 0]F4_x[181:180]
x181
x180
SR/DR
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
SR/DR
SR/DR
0000_0101h
0000_0404h
SR/DR SR/DR SR/DR
0000_0303h
0505_0606h
QR
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
QR
SR/DR
0404_0A0Ah
0404_0000h
SR/DR
QR
SR/DR
0505_0B0Bh
0505_0E0Eh
1. This slot does not support an unbuffered DIMM.
DIMM0 DIMM11 DIMM2
F2x[1, 0]F4_x[183:182]
x183
x182
0000_0404h
0000_0000h
0000_0105h
0000_0405h
0000_0307h
0D07_0607h
020A_0000h
080A_0000h
040C_0A0Eh
0406_0000h
050D_0B0Fh
0507_0E0Fh
Table 50: DDR3 UDIMM and RDIMM Write Leveling ODT Pattern (3 DIMM per channel)
DIMM0
DIMM11
DIMM2
DIMM02
SR/DR
SR/DR
SR/DR
5h
SR/DR
SR/DR
SR/DR
7h
QR
QR
SR/DR
SR/DR
QR
SR/DR
Fh
1. This slot does not support an unbuffered DIMM.
2. Target DIMM. QR represented as target ranks S0/S2.
2.8.9.5.8
F2x[1, 0]9C_x08[WrLvOdt[3:0]]
DIMM12
7h
Ah/Ah
6h/Ch
7h/Dh
DIMM22
4h
5h
7h
Eh
Fh
DRAM Address Timing and Output Driver Compensation Control
This section describes the settings required for programming the timing on the address pins, the CS/ODT pins,
and the CKE pins. The tables below document the address timing and output driver settings on a per channel
basis for different DDR DIMM types. The DIMMs on each channel are numbered from 0 to n where DIMM0
is the DIMM closest to the processor on that channel and DIMMn is the DIMM farthest from the processor on
that channel. DIMMs must be populated from farthest slot to closest slot to the processor on a per channel
basis. Populations that are not shown in these tables are not supported. These tables document the optimal settings for motherboards which meet the relevant motherboard design guidelines. See 2.8 [DRAM Controllers
(DCTs)] for an overview of the DIMM and memory bus speed support.
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Table 51: DDR2 SO-DIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 1 DIMM per channel
DDR TypeRate
Timing
Mode
DIMM0
DDR2-533
DDR2-667
DDR2-800
SRx16
SRx8
DRx16
DRx8
SRx16
SRx8
DRx16
DRx8
SRx16
SRx8
DRx16
DRx8
F2x[1, 0]9C_x04
F2x[1, 0]9C_x001
002F_2F2Fh
1T
X011_1222h
002C_2C2Ch
0027_2727h
1T
002A_2A2Ah
2T
X011_1222h
0000_2828h
0029_2929h
1T
002A_2A2Ah
2T
X011_1222h
0000_2F2Fh
1. See Table 38.
Table 52: DDR2 SO-DIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 2 DIMMs per channel
DDR Type-Rate
DIMM01
DIMM11
-
SRx16
-
DRx8
-
SRx8
SRx16
SRx16
SRx16
SRx8
SRx8
SRx16
DDR2-533
SRx8
DDR2-533
DDR2-533
Timing Mode
F2x[1, 0]9C_x04
F2x[1, 0]9C_x002
1T
002B_2F00h
X011_1222h
1T
002F_2F00h
X011_1222h
2T
002F_2F00h
X011_1322h
SRx8
2T
0000_2F00h
X011_1322h
DRx8
DRx8
2T
0034_2F00h
X011_1322h
DRx8
SRx16
SRx16
DRx8
2T
0038_2F00h
X011_1322h
DRx8
SRx8
SRx8
DRx8
2T
0037_2F00h
X011_1322h
-
any
1T
0020_2220h
X011_1222h
SRx16
SRx16
SRx16
SRx8
2T
0020_2220h
X011_1322h
SRx8
SRx16
DDR2-667
SRx8
SRx8
2T
0030_2220h
X011_1322h
DDR2-667
DRx8
DRx8
2T
002B_2220h
X011_1322h
DRx8
SRx16
SRx16
DRx8
2T
002C_2220h
X011_1322h
DDR2-533
DDR2-533
DDR2-533
DDR2-533
DDR2-667
DDR2-667
DDR2-667
121
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table 52: DDR2 SO-DIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 2 DIMMs per channel
DIMM01
DIMM11
DRx8
SRx8
SRx8
DRx8
DDR2-800
-
DDR2-800
any
DDR Type-Rate
DDR2-667
Timing Mode
F2x[1, 0]9C_x04
F2x[1, 0]9C_x002
2T
002A_2220h
X011_1322h
any
2T
0020_2520h
X011_3222h
any
2T
0020_2520h
X011_3322h
1. any = SRx8, SRx16, DRx8, or DRx16.
2. See Table 39.
Table 53: DDR2 UDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 2 DIMMs per channel
DDR Type-Rate
DDR2-400
DDR2-400
DDR2-533
DDR2-533
DDR2-533
DDR2-533
DDR2-533
DDR2-533
DDR2-533
DDR2-667
DDR2-667
DDR2-667
DDR2-667
DDR2-667
DDR2-667
DDR2-800
DDR2-800
DIMM01
any
SRx16
SRx16
SRx8
SRx8
DRx8
DRx8
SRx16
DRx8
SRx8
SRx16
SRx16
SRx8
SRx8
DRx8
DRx8
SRx16
DRx8
SRx8
any
DIMM11
any
any
SRx16
DRx8
SRx8
SRx16
SRx8
SRx16
SRx8
DRx8
SRx16
DRx8
SRx8
DRx8
any
SRx16
SRx8
SRx16
SRx8
DRx8
SRx16
DRx8
SRx8
DRx8
any
any
Timing Mode
F2x[1, 0]9C_x04
F2x[1, 0]9C_x002
X011_1222h
X011_1322h
1T
2T
002F_2F00h
002F_2F00h
1T
002B_2F00h
X011_1222h
1T
002F_2F00h
X011_1222h
2T
002F_2F00h
X011_1322h
2T
2T
0000_2F00h
0034_2F00h
X011_1322h
X011_1322h
2T
0038_2F00h
X011_1322h
2T
0037_2F00h
X011_1322h
1T
0020_2220h
X011_1222h
2T
0020_2220h
X011_1322h
2T
2T
0030_2220h
002B_2220h
X011_1322h
X011_1322h
2T
002C_2220h
X011_1322h
2T
002A_2220h
X011_1322h
2T
2T
0020_2520h
0020_2520h
X011_3222h
X011_3322h
122
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table 53: DDR2 UDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 2 DIMMs per channel
DIMM11
DRx8
DDR2-1066
SRx8
SRx16
1. any = SRx8, SRx16, DRx8, or DRx16.
2. See Table 39.
DDR Type-Rate
DIMM01
Timing Mode
2T
F2x[1, 0]9C_x04
002F_2020h
F2x[1, 0]9C_x002
X011_3000h
Table 54: DDR2 RDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 4 DIMMs per channel
DDR TypeDIMM01 DIMM11 DIMM21 DIMM31
Rate
DDR2-400
any
DDR2-400
any
any
DDR2-400
any
any
any
DDR2-400
any
any
any
any
DDR2-533
any
DDR2-533
any
any
DDR2-533
any
any
any
DDR2-533
any
any
any
any
DDR2-667
SR or
DRx8
DDR2-667
DRx4
DDR2-667
SR
SR
DDR2-667
SR
DR
DDR2-667
DR
SR
DDR2-667
DRx8
DRx8
DDR2-667
DRx8
DRx4
DDR2-667
DRx4 DRx4 or
DRx8
DDR2-800
SR or
DRx8
DDR2-800
DRx4
DDR2-800
SR
SR
DDR2-800
SR
DR
DDR2-800
DR
SR
DDR2-800
DRx8
DRx8
DDR2-800
DRx8
DRx4
DDR2-800
DRx4 DRx4 or
DRx8
1. any = SR or DR.
2. See Table 39.
Timing
Mode
1T
1T
1T
1T
1T
1T
1T
1T
1T
F2x[1, 0]9C_x04
F2x[1, 0]9C_x002
0000_0000h
0037_0000h
002F_0000h
002F_0000h
0000_0000h
0037_0000h
002F_0000h
002F_0000h
0000_0000h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
1T
1T
1T
1T
1T
1T
1T
0000_2F00h
0037_0000h
0037_3800h
0037_3800h
0037_0000h
0037_2F00h
0037_2F00h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
1T
0000_0000h
X011_1222h
1T
1T
1T
1T
1T
1T
1T
0000_2F00h
0037_0000h
0037_3800h
0037_3800h
0037_0000h
0037_2F00h
0037_2F00h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
123
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table 55: DDR2 RDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 2 DIMMs per channel
DIMM01
DDR2-400
DDR2-400
SR or DR
DDR2-400
QR
DDR2-533
DDR2-533
SR or DR
DDR2-533
QR
DDR2-667
DDR2-667
DDR2-667
SR or DRx8
DDR2-667
SR or DR
DDR2-667
DRx4
DDR2-800
DDR2-800
DDR2-800
SR or DRx8
DDR2-800
SR or DR
DDR2-800
DRx4
1. any = SR, DR, or QR
2. See Table 39.
DDR Type-Rate
Timing Mode
DIMM11
any
1T
SR or DR
1T
QR
1T
any
1T
SR or DR
1T
QR
1T
SR or DRx8
1T
DRx4 or QR
1T
SR or DRx8
1T
DRx4
1T
SR or DR
1T
SR or DRx8
1T
DRx4
1T
SR or DRx8
1T
DRx4
1T
SR or DR
1T
F2x[1, 0]9C_x04
0000_0000h
0037_0000h
002F_0000h
0000_0000h
0037_0000h
002F_0000h
0000_0000h
0000_2F00h
0037_0000h
0037_2F00h
0037_2F00h
0000_0000h
0000_2F00h
0037_0000h
0037_2F00h
0037_2F00h
F2x[1, 0]9C_x002
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
X011_1222h
Table 56: AM3 DDR3 UDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths
DDR Rate DDR Rate
1.5V1
1.35V1
800
800
DIMM0
DIMM1 or
DIMM22
Timing
Mode
F2x[1, 0]9C_x04
F2x[1, 0]9C_x003
-
SR-x16
1T
0000_0000h
2011_3222h
0000_0000h
003B_0000h
0039_0039h
0039_0039h
0039_0039h
0039_0039h
0039_0039h
0039_0039h
0039_0039h
0039_0039h
0039_0039h
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
0038_0000h
0035_0037h
2011_3222h
2011_3222h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2011_3222h
2011_3222h
2011_3222h
2022_3323h
800
800
-
SR-x8
1T
800
800
-
DR-x8
1T
800
800
SR-x16
SR-x16
1T
800
800
SR-x8
SR-x8
1T
800
800
DR-x8
DR-x8
1T
800
800
SR-x16
SR-x8
1T
800
800
SR-x8
SR-x16
1T
800
800
SR-x16
DR-x8
1T
800
800
DR-x8
SR-x16
1T
800
800
SR-x8
DR-x8
1T
800
800
DR-x8
SR-x8
1T
1066
1066
-
SR-x16
1T
1066
1066
-
SR-x8
1T
1066
1066
-
DR-x8
1T
1066
1066
SR-x16
SR-x16
1T
124
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table 56: AM3 DDR3 UDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths
DDR Rate DDR Rate
1.5V1
1.35V1
1066
1066
DIMM0
DIMM1 or
DIMM22
Timing
Mode
SR-x8
SR-x8
1T
1066
1066
DR-x8
DR-x8
1T
1066
1066
SR-x16
SR-x8
1T
1066
1066
SR-x8
SR-x16
1T
1066
1066
SR-x16
DR-x8
1T
1066
1066
DR-x8
SR-x16
1T
1066
1066
SR-x8
DR-x8
1T
1066
1066
DR-x8
SR-x8
1T
1333
N/A
-
SR-x16
1T
1333
N/A
-
SR-x8
1T
1333
N/A
-
DR-x8
1T
1333
N/A
SR-x16
SR-x16
2T
1333
N/A
SR-x8
SR-x8
2T
1333
N/A
DR-x8
DR-x8
2T
1333
N/A
SR-x16
SR-x8
2T
1333
N/A
SR-x8
SR-x16
2T
1333
N/A
SR-x16
DR-x8
2T
1333
N/A
DR-x8
SR-x16
2T
1333
N/A
SR-x8
DR-x8
2T
1333
N/A
DR-x8
SR-x8
2T
F2x[1, 0]9C_x04
F2x[1, 0]9C_x003
0035_0037h
0035_0037h
0035_0037h
0035_0037h
0035_0037h
0035_0037h
0035_0037h
0035_0037h
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
0036_0000h
0000_0035h
0000_0035h
0000_0035h
0000_0035h
0000_0035h
0000_0035h
0000_0035h
0000_0035h
0000_0035h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2011_3222h
2011_3222h
2011_3222h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
1. See 2.8.9.1 [DDR3 Supply Voltage Configuration].
2. This column is used for either DIMM1 in 2 DIMM slots per channel platforms, or for DIMM2 in 3 DIMM
slots per channel platforms, but not both.
3. See Table 42.
Table 57: G34 DDR3 UDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths
DDR Rate DDR Rate
1.5V1
1.35V1
800
800
DIMM0
DIMM1 or
DIMM22
Timing
Mode
F2x[1, 0]9C_x04
F2x[1, 0]9C_x003
-
SR-x16
1T
0000_0000h
2011_3222h
0000_0000h
003B_0000h
0039_0039h
0039_0039h
0039_0039h
0039_0039h
0039_0039h
0039_0039h
2011_3222h
2011_3222h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
800
800
-
SR-x8
1T
800
800
-
DR-x8
1T
800
800
SR-x16
SR-x16
1T
800
800
SR-x8
SR-x8
1T
800
800
DR-x8
DR-x8
1T
800
800
SR-x16
SR-x8
1T
800
800
SR-x8
SR-x16
1T
800
800
SR-x16
DR-x8
1T
125
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table 57: G34 DDR3 UDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths
DDR Rate DDR Rate
1.5V1
1.35V1
800
800
DIMM0
DIMM1 or
DIMM22
Timing
Mode
DR-x8
SR-x16
1T
800
800
SR-x8
DR-x8
1T
800
800
DR-x8
SR-x8
1T
1066
1066
-
SR-x16
1T
1066
1066
-
SR-x8
1T
1066
1066
-
DR-x8
1T
1066
1066
SR-x16
SR-x16
1T
1066
1066
SR-x8
SR-x8
1T
1066
1066
DR-x8
DR-x8
1T
1066
1066
SR-x16
SR-x8
1T
1066
1066
SR-x8
SR-x16
1T
1066
1066
SR-x16
DR-x8
1T
1066
1066
DR-x8
SR-x16
1T
1066
1066
SR-x8
DR-x8
1T
1066
1066
DR-x8
SR-x8
1T
1333
N/A
-
SR-x16
1T
1333
N/A
-
SR-x8
1T
1333
N/A
-
DR-x8
1T
1333
N/A
SR-x16
SR-x16
2T
1333
N/A
SR-x8
SR-x8
2T
1333
N/A
DR-x8
DR-x8
2T
1333
N/A
SR-x16
SR-x8
2T
1333
N/A
SR-x8
SR-x16
2T
1333
N/A
SR-x16
DR-x8
2T
1333
N/A
DR-x8
SR-x16
2T
1333
N/A
SR-x8
DR-x8
2T
1333
N/A
DR-x8
SR-x8
2T
F2x[1, 0]9C_x04
F2x[1, 0]9C_x003
0039_0039h
0039_0039h
0039_0039h
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
0038_0000h
0035_0037h
0035_0037h
0035_0037h
0035_0037h
0035_0037h
0035_0037h
0035_0037h
0035_0037h
0035_0037h
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
0036_0000h
0000_0035h
0000_0035h
0000_0035h
0000_0035h
0000_0035h
0000_0035h
0000_0035h
0000_0035h
0000_0035h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2011_3222h
2011_3222h
2011_3222h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2011_3222h
2011_3222h
2011_3222h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
1. See 2.8.9.1 [DDR3 Supply Voltage Configuration].
2. This column is used for either DIMM1 in 2 DIMM slots per channel platforms, or for DIMM2 in 3 DIMM
slots per channel platforms, but not both.
3. See Table 42.
126
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table 58: C32 DDR3 UDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths
DDR Rate DDR Rate
1.35V1
1.5V1
800
800
DIMM0
DIMM1 or
DIMM22
Timing
Mode
F2x[1, 0]9C_x04
F2x[1, 0]9C_x003
-
SR-x16
1T
0000_0000h
2011_3222h
0000_0000h
003B_0000h
0039_0039h
0039_0039h
0039_0039h
0039_0039h
0039_0039h
0039_0039h
0039_0039h
0039_0039h
0039_0039h
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
0038_0000h
0035_0037h
0035_0037h
0035_0037h
0035_0037h
0035_0037h
0035_0037h
0035_0037h
0035_0037h
0035_0037h
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
0036_0000h
0000_0035h
0000_0035h
0000_0035h
0000_0035h
0000_0035h
0000_0035h
0000_0035h
2011_3222h
2011_3222h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2011_3222h
2011_3222h
2011_3222h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2011_3222h
2011_3222h
2011_3222h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
800
800
-
SR-x8
1T
800
800
-
DR-x8
1T
800
800
SR-x16
SR-x16
1T
800
800
SR-x8
SR-x8
1T
800
800
DR-x8
DR-x8
1T
800
800
SR-x16
SR-x8
1T
800
800
SR-x8
SR-x16
1T
800
800
SR-x16
DR-x8
1T
800
800
DR-x8
SR-x16
1T
800
800
SR-x8
DR-x8
1T
800
800
DR-x8
SR-x8
1T
1066
1066
-
SR-x16
1T
1066
1066
-
SR-x8
1T
1066
1066
-
DR-x8
1T
1066
1066
SR-x16
SR-x16
1T
1066
1066
SR-x8
SR-x8
1T
1066
1066
DR-x8
DR-x8
1T
1066
1066
SR-x16
SR-x8
1T
1066
1066
SR-x8
SR-x16
1T
1066
1066
SR-x16
DR-x8
1T
1066
1066
DR-x8
SR-x16
1T
1066
1066
SR-x8
DR-x8
1T
1066
1066
DR-x8
SR-x8
1T
1333
1333
-
SR-x16
1T
1333
1333
-
SR-x8
1T
1333
1333
-
DR-x8
1T
1333
1333
SR-x16
SR-x16
2T
1333
1333
SR-x8
SR-x8
2T
1333
N/A
DR-x8
DR-x8
2T
1333
1333
SR-x16
SR-x8
2T
1333
1333
SR-x8
SR-x16
2T
1333
N/A
SR-x16
DR-x8
2T
1333
N/A
DR-x8
SR-x16
2T
127
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table 58: C32 DDR3 UDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths
DDR Rate DDR Rate
1.5V1
1.35V1
1333
N/A
1333
DIMM0
DIMM1 or
DIMM22
Timing
Mode
SR-x8
DR-x8
2T
DR-x8
SR-x8
2T
N/A
F2x[1, 0]9C_x04
F2x[1, 0]9C_x003
0000_0035h
0000_0035h
2022_3323h
2022_3323h
1. See 2.8.9.1 [DDR3 Supply Voltage Configuration].
2. This column is used for either DIMM1 in 2 DIMM slots per channel platforms, or for DIMM2 in 3 DIMM
slots per channel platforms, but not both.
3. See Table 42.
Table 59: DDR3 SO-DIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 1 DIMM per channel
DIMM01
DDR Rate
800
any
1066
any
1333
any
1. any=SRx8, SRx16, DRx8, or DRx16.
2. See Table 40.
Timing
Mode
1T
1T
1T
F2x[1, 0]9C_x04
F2x[1, 0]9C_x002
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
X011_3222h
X011_3222h
X011_3222h
Table 60: DDR3 SO-DIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 2 DIMMs per channel
DIMM Population2
DDR Rate
1.
2.
3.
4.
Timing/Termination3
1.5V1
1.35V1
DIMM0
DIMM1
800
800
-
any
Timing
Mode
1T
800
N/A
any
any
2T
1066
1066
-
any
1T
1066
N/A
any
any
2T
F2x[1, 0]9C_x04
F2x[1, 0]9C_x004
0000_0000h
X011_3222h
0000_0039h
0000_0000h
0000_0037h
X022_3323h
X011_3222h
X022_3323h
See 2.8.9.1 [DDR3 Supply Voltage Configuration].
any=SRx8 or SRx16 or DRx8 or DRx16.
See F2x[1, 0]94[SlowAccessMode] for timing mode.
See Table 41.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table 61: DDR3 RDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 1 DIMM per channel
DIMM
DDR Rate
1.5V1
1.
2.
3.
4.
Timing/Termination2
Population
1.35V1
DIMM0
F2x[1, 0]9C_x04
F2x[1, 0]9C_x003
RC2/RC84
800
800
SR or DR
0000_0000h
X011_3222h
0h/0h
800
800
QR
0000_0000h
X022_3222h
0h/0h or
4h/0h
1066
1066
SR or DR
003C_3C3Ch
X011_3222h
0h/0h
1066
1066
QR
003C_3C3Ch
X022_3222h
0h/0h or
4h/0h
1333
1333
SR or DR
003A_3A3Ah
X011_3222h
0h/0h
1333
1333
QR
003A_3A3Ah
X022_3222h
0h/0h or
4h/0h
See 2.8.9.1 [DDR3 Supply Voltage Configuration].
For all cases, program F2x[1, 0]94[SlowAccessMode] = 0.
See Table 43 and Table 44 for additional termination values.
See 2.8.9.6.2.1 [Software Control Word Initialization] for more information. For each
DIMM, if the DIMM has one register then program the first RC2/RC8 data value pair
given, else program the second data value pair given.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table 62: G34 DDR3 RDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 2 DIMMs per channel
DIMM Population2
DDR Rate
1.5V1
800
800
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
1.35V1
800
800
DIMM0
DIMM1
Timing/Termination3
F2x[1, 0]9C_x04
-
SR or DR
QR
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
800
800
any
any
0000_0000h
1066
1066
1066
1066
-
SR or DR
QR
003C_3C3Ch
003C_3C3Ch
1066
1066
SR or DR SR or DR
003A_3C3Ah
1066
N/A
QR
any
003A_3C3Ah
1066
N/A
any
QR
003A_3C3Ah
1333
1333
1333
N/A
-
SR or DR
QR
003A_3A3Ah
003A_3A3Ah
F2x[1, 0]9C_x004 RC2/RC85
X011_3222h
0h/0h
X022_3222h
0h/0h or
4h/0h
X022_3222h
4h/0h or
0h/4h
X011_3222h
0h/0h
X022_3222h
0h/0h or
4h/0h
X022_3222h
4h/0h or
0h/4h
X022_3222h
4h/0h or
0h/4h
X022_3222h
4h/0h or
0h/4h
X011_3222h
0h/0h
X022_3222h
0h/0h or
4h/0h
X022_3222h
4h/0h
1333
1333
SR or DR SR or DR
0038_3A38h
See 2.8.9.1 [DDR3 Supply Voltage Configuration].
any = SR, DR, or QR
For all cases, program F2x[1, 0]94[SlowAccessMode] = 0.
See Table 43 and Table 44 for additional termination values.
See 2.8.9.6.2.1 [Software Control Word Initialization] for more information.
For each DIMM, if the DIMM has one register then program the first RC2/RC8 data value pair given,
else program the second data value pair given.
Table 63: C32 DDR3 RDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 2 DIMMs per channel
DIMM Population2
DDR Rate
1.5V1
667
1.35V1
667
DIMM0
DIMM1
Timing/Termination3
F2x[1, 0]9C_x04
any
any
0000_0000h
-
SR or DR
QR
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
SR or DR SR or DR
0000_0000h
800
800
800
800
800
800
800
N/A
any
QR
0000_0000h
800
N/A
QR
any
0000_0000h
1066
1066
-
SR or DR
003C_3C3Ch
F2x[1, 0]9C_x004 RC2/RC85
X022_3222h
4h/0h or
0h/4h
X011_3222h
0h/0h
X022_3222h
0h/0h or
4h/0h
X022_3222h
4h/0h or
0h/4h
X022_3222h
4h/0h or
0h/4h
X022_3222h
4h/0h or
0h/4h
X011_3222h
0h/0h
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table 63: C32 DDR3 RDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 2 DIMMs per channel
DDR Rate
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
1.5V1
1066
1.35V1
1066
1066
1066
1333
1333
1333
N/A
DIMM Population2
DIMM0
-
DIMM1
QR
SR or DR SR or DR
-
SR or DR
QR
Timing/Termination3
F2x[1, 0]9C_x04
003C_3C3Ch
003A_3C3Ah
003A_3A3Ah
003A_3A3Ah
F2x[1, 0]9C_x004 RC2/RC85
X022_3222h
0h/0h or
4h/0h
X022_3222h
4h/0h or
0h/4h
X011_3222h
0h/0h
X022_3222h
0h/0h or
4h/0h
X022_3222h
4h/0h
1333
1333
SR
SR
0038_3A38h
See 2.8.9.1 [DDR3 Supply Voltage Configuration].
any = SR, DR, or QR.
For all cases, program F2x[1, 0]94[SlowAccessMode] = 0.
See Table 43 and Table 44 for additional termination values.
See 2.8.9.6.2.1 [Software Control Word Initialization] for more information.
For each DIMM, if the DIMM has one register then program the first RC2/RC8 data value pair given,
else program the second data value pair given.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table 64: G34 DDR3 RDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 3 DIMMs per channel
DDR Rate
1.5V1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
1.35V1
DIMM Population2
DIMM0
DIMM1
any
Timing/Termination3
DIMM2
F2x[1, 0]9C_x04 F2x[1, 0]9C_x004
667
667
667
667
667
667
SR or DR
SR or DR
SR or DR
SR or DR
SR or DR
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
0038_0038h
X011_3222h
X022_3222h
X011_3222h
800
800
800
800
800
800
SR or DR
SR or DR
SR or DR
SR or DR SR or DR SR or DR
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
0038_0038h
X011_3222h
X022_3222h
X011_3222h
800
N/A
SR or DR
QR
SR or DR
0038_0038h
X011_3222h
800
800
-
QR
-
0000_0000h
X022_3222h
800
800
-
QR
SR or DR
0000_0000h
X022_3222h
1066
1066
1066
1066
1066
1066
1066
N/A
1066
1066
SR or DR
SR
SR
SR or DR SR or DR
SR or DR
DR
DR
SR or DR
QR
SR or DR
SR or DR
SR
DR
SR or DR
SR or DR
-
003C_3C3Ch
003A_3C3Ah
0037_3C37h
0037_3C37h
0037_3C37h
0037_3C37h
003C_3C3Ch
X011_3222h
X022_3222h
X011_3222h
X011_3222h
X011_3222h
X011_3222h
X022_3222h
1333
1333
1333
1333
1333
N/A
SR or DR
SR
SR or DR
SR or DR
SR
003A_3A3Ah
0038_3A38h
0034_3A34h
X011_3222h
X022_3222h
X011_3222h
SR
RC2/
RC85
0h/0h
4h/0h
4h/0h or
0h/4h
0h/0h
4h/0h
4h/0h or
0h/4h
4h/0h or
0h/4h
0h/0h or
4h/0h
4h/0h or
0h/4h
0h/0h
4h/0h
4h/0h
4h/0h
4h/0h
4h/0h
0h/0h or
4h/0h
0h/0h
4h/0h
4h/0h or
0h/4h
See 2.8.9.1 [DDR3 Supply Voltage Configuration].
any = SR, DR, or QR
For all cases, program F2x[1, 0]94[SlowAccessMode] = 0.
See Table 42 and Table 43 for additional termination values.
See 2.8.9.6.2.1 [Software Control Word Initialization] for more information.
For each DIMM, if the DIMM has one register, program the first RC2/RC8 data value pair given, else
program the second data value pair given.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table 65: C32 DDR3 RDIMM Address Timings and Drive Strengths for 3 DIMMs per channel
DDR Rate
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
DIMM Population2
Timing/Termination3
1.5V1
1.35V1
667
667
667
667
667
667
SR or DR
SR or DR
SR or DR
SR or DR
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
X011_3222h
X022_3222h
X022_3222h
667
667
SR or DR SR or DR SR or DR
0038_0038h
X022_3222h
667
667
SR or DR
QR
SR or DR
0038_0038h
X022_3222h
800
800
800
800
800
N/A
SR or DR
QR
SR or DR
SR or DR
SR or DR
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
0000_0000h
X011_3222h
X022_3222h
X022_3222h
800
800
SR or DR SR or DR SR or DR
0038_0038h
X011_3222h
800
800
0000_0000h
X022_3222h
DIMM0
-
DIMM1
QR
DIMM2
QR
-
F2x[1, 0]9C_x04 F2x[1, 0]9C_x004
RC2/
RC85
0h/0h
4h/0h
4h/0h or
0h/4h
4h/0h or
0h/4h
4h/0h or
0h/4h
0h/0h
4h/0h
4h/0h or
0h/4h
4h/0h or
0h/4h
0h/0h or
4h/0h
0h/0h
4h/0h
4h/0h
0h/0h
4h/0h
1066
1066
SR or DR
003C_3C3Ch
X011_3222h
1066
1066
SR or DR
SR or DR
003A_3C3Ah
X022_3222h
1066
N/A
SR
SR
SR
0037_3C37h
X011_3222h
1333
1333
SR or DR
003A_3A3Ah
X011_3222h
1333
1333
SR
SR
0038_3A38h
X022_3222h
See 2.8.9.1 [DDR3 Supply Voltage Configuration].
any = SR, DR, or QR.
For all cases, program F2x[1, 0]94[SlowAccessMode] = 0.
See Table 43 and Table 44 for additional termination values.
See 2.8.9.6.2.1 [Software Control Word Initialization] for more information.
For each DIMM, if the DIMM has one register, program the first RC2/RC8 data value pair given, else
program the second data value pair given.
2.8.9.6
DRAM Device and Controller Initialization
BIOS initializes the DRAM devices and the controller using either a hardware or software controlled sequence.
Registered DDR3 DIMMs must be initialized under software control. Unbuffered DDR3 DIMMs may be initialized using either the hardware or software sequence.
The hardware controlled sequence is as follows:
• Program F2x[1, 0]90[InitDram] = 1. See Note below.
The software controlled sequences are listed in subsections as follows:
• For DDR2 DIMMs, perform the software device initialization as described in 2.8.9.6.1. See Note below.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
• For DDR3 DIMMs, perform the software device initialization as described in 2.8.9.6.2. See Note below.
Note: BIOS must observe additional requirements for changing the PLL frequency when setting F2x[1,
0]90[InitDram] or F2x[1, 0]7C[EnDramInit]. See 2.8.9.8 [DRAM Channel Frequency Change] for more information.
DRAM initialization completes after the hardware-controlled initialization process completes or when the
BIOS-controlled initialization process completes (F2x[1, 0]7C[EnDramInit] is written from 1 to 0).
For DDR2, part of the initialization sequence includes writing mode register set (MRS) values to the DDR2
DRAM. The values written to MRS and EMRS in DRAM devices are determined as follows when using the
hardware-controlled sequence:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
MRS[2:0] burst length (BL): based on F2x[1, 0]90[Width128 and BurstLength32].
MRS[3] burst type (BT): interleave.
MRS[6:4] CAS latency: based on F2x[1, 0]88[Tcl].
MRS[7] test mode (TM): normal mode.
MRS[8] DLL reset (DLL): controlled as required by the initialization sequence.
MRS[11:9] write recovery for auto pre-charge (WR): based on F2x[1, 0]84[Twr] or F2x[1, 0]88[Twr]
depending on memory speed.
MRS[12] active power down exit time (PD): fast exit (although the mode is not supported).
EMRS(1)[0]: DLL enable (DLL): enabled.
EMRS(1)[1]: output driver impedance control (DIC): based on F2x[1, 0]90[DramDrvWeak].
EMRS(1)[6,2]: Rtt: based on F2x[1, 0]90[DramTerm].
EMRS(1)[5:3]: additive latency: fixed at 0.
EMRS(1)[9:7]: OCD calibration program: controlled as required by the initialization sequence (but not calibrated).
EMRS(1)[10]: DQS bar: based on F2x[1, 0]90[DisDqsBar].
EMRS(1)[11]: RDQS: based on F2x[1, 0]94[RDqsEn].
EMRS(1)[12]: Qoff: output buffer enabled.
EMRS(2)[7]: SRF: high temperature self refresh rate enable, based on F2x[1, 0]90[SelfRefRateEn].
For DDR3 unbuffered DIMMS, a similar initialization sequence is invoked; DDR3 registered DIMMs do not
support hardware-controlled initialization. The values written to the DRAM device’s MRs when using the
hardware-controlled sequence are determined as follows:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
MR0[1:0] burst length and control method (BL): based on F2x[1, 0]84[BurstCtrl].
MR0[3] burst type (BT): interleaved.
MR0[6:4,2] read CAS latency (CL): based on F2x[1, 0]88[Tcl].
MR0[7] test mode (TM): normal mode.
MR0[8] DLL reset (DLL Reset): controlled as required by the initialization sequence.
MR0[11:9] write recovery for auto-precharge (WR): based on F2x[1, 0]84[Twr].
MR0[12] precharge power-down mode select (PPD): based on F2x[1, 0]84[PchgPDModeSel].
MR1[0] DLL disable (DLL Dis): DLL enabled.
MR1[1] output driver impedance control (DIC): normal.
MR1[6,2] nominal termination resistance of ODT (RTT): based on F2x[1, 0]90[DramTerm].
MR1[4:3] additive latency (AL): AL is disabled.
MR1[7] write leveling enable (Level): controlled as required by the initialization sequence.
MR1[11]: TDQS: based on F2x[1, 0]94[RDqsEn].
MR1[12] output disable (QOFF): based on F2x[1, 0]84[Qoff].
MR2[2:0] partial array self refresh (PASR): full array.
134
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
•
•
•
•
•
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
MR2[5:3] CAS write latency (CWL): based on F2x[1, 0]84[Tcwl].
MR2[6] auto self refresh method (ASR): based on F2x[1, 0]84[ASR].
MR2[7] self refresh temperature range (SRT): based on F2x[1, 0]84[ASR and SRT].
MR3[1:0] multi purpose register address location (MPR Location): based on F2x[1, 0]84[MprLoc].
MR3[2] multi purpose register (MPR): based on F2x[1, 0]84[MprEn].
The processor does not support the use of speculative system-memory reads and writes to determine the size of
system memory. It is expected that BIOS determines the size of system memory by reading DIMM SPD information or an equivalent means.
2.8.9.6.1
Software DDR2 Device Initialization
The following BIOS controlled software initialization procedure applies to each DRAM controller and properly initializes all the DDR2 DIMMs on the channel. This procedure should be run only when booting from an
unpowered state (ACPI S4, S5 or G3; not S3, suspend to RAM):
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
Configure the DCT registers, including MemClkFreq and MemClkFreqVal.
Program F2x[1, 0]7C[EnDramInit] = 1. See Note.
Wait 200 us.
Program F2x[1, 0]7C[DeassertMemRstX] = 1.
Wait 200 us.
Program F2x[1, 0]7C[AssertCke] = 1.
Wait 400 ns.
Send Precharge All command.
Send EMRS(2).
Send EMRS(3).
Send EMRS(1) with MrsAddress[6,2] = 00b at this time.
Send MRS with MrsAddress[8] = 1.
Wait 200 MEMCLKs.
Send Precharge All command.
Send two Auto Refresh commands.
Send MRS with MrsAddress[8] = 0.
Send EMRS(1) with MrsAddress[9:7] = 111b and set MrsAddress[6,2]=00b at this time.
Send EMRS(1) with MrsAddress[9:7] = 000b.
Program F2x[1, 0]7C[EnDramInit] = 0.
Note: BIOS must observe additional requirements for changing the PLL frequency when setting F2x[1,
0]7C[EnDramInit]. See 2.8.9.8 [DRAM Channel Frequency Change] for more information.
Send Precharge All command is accomplished as follows:
1. Program F2x[1, 0]7C[SendPchgAll] = 1.
2. Wait Trp.
Send Auto Refresh command is accomplished as follows:
1. Program F2x[1, 0]7C[SendAutoRefresh] = 1.
2. Wait for F2x[1, 0]7C[SendAutoRefresh] = 0.
Send MRS command is accomplished by programming the [The DRAM Initialization Register] F2x[1, 0]7C
register as follows:
1. Program MrsBank = 000b.
2. If EnDramInit=0 program MrsChipSel=chipselect; otherwise all chip selects are automatically selected.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
3. Program MrsAddress[2:0] = burst length (BL): based on F2x[1, 0]90[Width128 and BurstLength32].
• 010b = 4-beat burst length.
• 011b = 8-beat burst length.
4. Program MrsAddress[3] = 1.
5. Program MrsAddress[6:4] = CAS latency based on the F2x[1, 0]88[Tcl] field.
6. Program MrsAddress[8] = DLL reset (DLL), controlled as required by the initialization sequence.
7. Program MrsAddress[11:9] = write recovery for auto pre-charge (WR): based on F2x[1, 0]84[Twr] or
F2x[1, 0]88[Twr] depending on memory speed.
8. Set all other bits in MrsAddress to zero.
9. Set SendMrsCmd = 1.
10. Wait for SendMrsCmd = 0.
Send EMRS(1) command is accomplished by programming F2x[1, 0]7C as follows:
1. Program MrsBank = 001b.
2. If EnDramInit=0 program MrsChipSel=target chip select; otherwise all chip selects are automatically
selected.
3. Program MrsAddress[0] = 0.
4. Program MrsAddress[1] = output driver impedance control (DIC): based on F2x[1, 0]90[DramDrvWeak].
5. Program MrsAddress[6,2] = Rtt: based on F2x[1, 0]90[DramTerm].
6. Program MrsAddress[9:7] = OCD calibration program: controlled as required by the initialization
sequence (but not calibrated).
7. Program MrsAddress[10] = DQS bar based on F2x[1, 0]90[DisDqsBar].
8. Program MrsAddress[11] = RDQS based on F2x[1, 0]94[RDqsEn] for unbuffered DIMMs. Program
MrsAddress[11] = 0 for registered DIMMs with x4 devices or with x8 devices when only x8 devices are
present on the channel, and MrsAddress[11] = 1 for registered DIMMs with x8 devices when both x4 and
x8 devices are present on the channel.
9. Set all other bits in MrsAddress to zero.
10. Set SendMrsCmd = 1.
11. Wait for SendMrsCmd = 0.
Send EMRS(2) command is accomplished by programming F2x[1, 0]7C as follows:
1. Program MrsBank = 010b.
2. If EnDramInit=0 program MrsChipSel=target chip select; otherwise all chip selects are automatically
selected.
3. Program MrsAddress[7] = SRF: high temperature self refresh rate enable, based on F2x[1, 0]90[SelfRefRateEn].
4. Set all other bits in MrsAddress to zero.
5. Set SendMrsCmd = 1.
6. Wait for SendMrsCmd = 0.
Send EMRS(3) command is accomplished by programming F2x[1, 0]7C as follows:
1. Program MrsBank = 011b.
2. If EnDramInit=0 program MrsChipSel=target chip select; otherwise all chip selects are automatically
selected.
3. Program MrsAddress[15:0] = 0.
4. Set SendMrsCmd = 1.
5. Wait for SendMrsCmd = 0.
2.8.9.6.2
Software DDR3 Device Initialization
The following BIOS controlled software initialization procedure applies to each DRAM controller to properly
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
initialize all the DDR3 DIMMs on the channel. This procedure should be run only when booting from an
unpowered state (ACPI S4, S5 or G3; not S3, suspend to RAM). This procedure is required to support registered DDR3 DIMMs. This procedure may also be used to support unbuffered DDR3 DIMMs:
1. Configure the DCT registers, including MemClkFreq and MemClkFreqVal.
2. Program F2x[1, 0]7C[EnDramInit] = 1. Note: BIOS must observe additional requirements for changing the
PLL frequency when setting F2x[1, 0]7C[EnDramInit]. See 2.8.9.8 [DRAM Channel Frequency Change]
for more information.
3. Wait 200 us.
4. Program F2x[1, 0]7C[DeassertMemRstX] = 1.
5. Wait 500 us.
6. Program F2x[1, 0]7C[AssertCke] = 1.
7. Wait 360 ns.
The following steps are performed with registered DIMMs only and must be done for each chip select pair:
8. Send RCW(0), RCW(1), and RCW(2). See 2.8.9.6.2.1 for details.
9. Wait 6 us.
10. Send RCW(3), RCW(4), and RCW(5).
11. Send RCW(6) and RCW(7) for custom settings at this time, as directed by the DIMM manufacturer’s
data sheet.
The following steps are performed once for each channel with unbuffered DIMMs and once for each chip
select with registered DIMMs:
12. Send EMRS(2). See Note below.
13. Send EMRS(3). Ordinarily at this time, MrsAddress[2:0] = 000b.
14. Send EMRS(1).
15. Send MRS with MrsAddress[8]= 1.
Note: Unbuffered DIMMs optionally have address bits rearranged from the edge connector to the second rank
of a dual rank DIMM. This feature is called address mirroring. The BIOS must program F2x[1,
0][5C:40][OnDimmMirror] = 1 prior to sending the MR commands used for device initialization if SPD byte
63 indicates that address mapping is mirrored.
The following steps are performed for all DIMM types:
16. Send two ZQCL commands.
17. Program F2x[1, 0]7C[EnDramInit] = 0.
Send ZQCL command is accomplished by programming F2x[1, 0]7C as follows:
1. Program MrsAddress[10] = 1.
2. Set SendZQCmd = 1.
3. Wait for SendZQCmd = 0.
4. Wait 512 MEMCLKs.
Send MRS command for DDR3 initialization is accomplished by programming F2x[1, 0]7C as follows:
1. Program MrsBank = 000b.
2. If EnDramInit=0 program MrsChipSel=target chip select; otherwise all chip selects are automatically
selected.
3. Program MrsAddress[1:0] = burst length and control method (BL): based on F2x[1, 0]84[BurstCtrl].
4. Program MrsAddress[3] = 1.
5. Program MrsAddress[6:4,2] = read CAS latency (CL): based on F2x[1, 0]88[Tcl].
0000b = 4 MEMCLKs.
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7.
8.
9.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
0010b = 5 MEMCLKs.
0100b = 6 MEMCLKs.
0110b = 7 MEMCLKs.
1000b = 8 MEMCLKs.
1010b = 9 MEMCLKs.
1100b = 10 MEMCLKs.
1110b = 11 MEMCLKs.
0001b = 12 MEMCLKs.
Program MrsAddress[11:9] = write recovery for auto-precharge (WR): based on F2x[1, 0]84[Twr].
Program MrsAddress[12] = precharge powerdown mode select (PPD): based on
F2x[1, 0]84[PchgPDModeSel].
Set all other bits in MrsAddress to zero.
Set SendMrsCmd = 1.
Wait for SendMrsCmd = 0.
Send EMRS(1) command for DDR3 initialization is accomplished by programming F2x[1, 0]7C as follows:
1. Program MrsBank = 001b.
2. If EnDramInit=0 program MrsChipSel=target chip select; otherwise all chip selects are automatically
selected.
3. Program MrsAddress[5,1] = output driver impedance control (DIC): based on F2x[1, 0]84[DrvImpCtrl].
4. Program MrsAddress[9,6,2] = nominal termination resistance of ODT (RTT): based on
F2x[1, 0]84[DramTerm].
5. Program MrsAddress[11] = TDQS based on F2x[1, 0]94[RDqsEn] for unbuffered DIMMs. Program
MrsAddress[11] = 0 for registered DIMMs with x4 devices or with x8 devices when only x8 devices are
present on the channel, and MrsAddress[11] = 1 for registered DIMMs with x8 devices when both x4 and
x8 devices are present on the channel.
6. Program MrsAddress[12] = output disable (QOFF): based on F2x[1, 0]84[Qoff].
7. Set all other bits in MrsAddress to zero.
8. Set SendMrsCmd = 1.
9. Wait for SendMrsCmd = 0.
Send EMRS(2) command for DDR3 initialization is accomplished by programming the F2x[1, 0]7C as follows:
1. Program MrsBank = 010b.
2. If EnDramInit=0 program MrsChipSel=target chip select; otherwise all chip selects are automatically
selected.
3. Program MrsAddress[5:3] = CAS write latency (CWL): based on F2x[1, 0]84[Tcwl].
4. Program MrsAddress[6] = auto self refresh method (ASR): based on F2x[1, 0]84[ASR].
5. Program MrsAddress[7] = self refresh temperature range (SRT): based on F2x[1, 0]84[ASR and SRT].
6. Program MrsAddress[10:9] = dynamic termination during writes (RTT_WR): based on
F2x[1, 0]84[DramTermDyn].
7. Set all other bits in MrsAddress to zero.
8. Set SendMrsCmd = 1.
9. Wait for SendMrsCmd = 0.
Send EMRS(3) command for DDR3 initialization is accomplished by programming F2x[1, 0]7C as follows:
1. Program MrsBank = 011b.
2. If EnDramInit=0 program MrsChipSel=target chip select; otherwise all chip selects are automatically
selected.
3. Program MrsAddress[1:0] = multi purpose register address location (MPR Location): based on
F2x[1, 0]84[MprLoc].
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5.
6.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Program MrsAddress[2] = multi purpose register (MPR): based on F2x[1, 0]84[MprEn].
Set all other bits in MrsAddress to zero.
Set SendMrsCmd = 1.
Wait for SendMrsCmd = 0.
2.8.9.6.2.1
Software Control Word Initialization
DDR3 register devices on RDIMMs contain up to 16 control words, referred to as RC0 to RC15. Each control
word is four bits. These devices are programmed at the bus using an RCW command by (a) presenting the 4-bit
address of the control word on [BA2, A2, A1, A0], (b) presenting the 4-bit write data on [BA1, BA0, A4, A3],
and (c) asserting both chip selects of a chip select pair.
An RCW(n) command for DDR3 register device initialization is accomplished by programming F2x[1, 0]7C
and F2x[1, 0]A8[CtrlWordCS] as follows:
1. Program MrsBank and MrsAddress.
• n = [BA2, A2, A1, A0].
• data = [BA1, BA0, A4, A3].
• Set all other bits in MrsAddress to zero.
2. Program F2x[1, 0]A8[CtrlWordCS]=bit mask for the target chip selects.
3. Set SendControlWord = 1.
4. Wait for SendControlWord = 0.
Based on the number of ranks on the DIMM and the total bus load, the BIOS programs RC0 to RC15 for the
DIMM according to the information in Table 66:
Table 66.
DDR3 RDIMM Register Control Word Values
Control
Word
Control Data
RC0
2h
RC1
For a 1 rank DIMM data=0Ch, else data=0h
RC2
Based on bus load. See Table 62, and Table 64 for data value.
RC3
data = SPD byte 70 bits [7:4]
RC4
data = SPD byte 71 bits [3:0]
RC5
data = SPD byte 71 bits [7:4]
RC8
Based on bus load. See Table 62, and Table 64 for data value.
RC9
0Dh
RC10
Based on MEMCLK frequency:
0h; (frequency <= 400 MHz)
1h; (400 MHz < frequency <= 533 MHz)
2h; (533 MHz < frequency <= 667 MHz)
RC11
Based on Register VDD Operating Voltage:
0h: 1.5V
1h: 1.35V
See 2.8.9.1 [DDR3 Supply Voltage Configuration].
RC12 - RC15
0h
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Table 66.
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
DDR3 RDIMM Register Control Word Values
Control
Word
Control Data
Notes:
1. RC6 and RC7 are reserved.
2. SPD byte 63 bits [1:0] indicates the number of register devices on the quad rank
DIMM. For two devices, BIOS must initialize register control words of both devices
on the DIMM by repeating the sequence for each chip select pair.
2.8.9.7
Phy Fence programming
The DDR phy fence logic is used to adjust the phase relationship between the data FIFO and the data going to
the pad. After any DDR frequency change (see 2.8.9.8 [DRAM Channel Frequency Change]) and before any
memory access (including MRS commands), BIOS must perform phy fence training for each channel using the
following steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Set F2x[1, 0]9C_x08[PhyFenceTrEn]=1.
Wait 200 MEMCLKs.
Clear F2x[1, 0]9C_x08[PhyFenceTrEn]=0.
BIOS reads the phase recovery engine registers F2x[1, 0]9C_x[51:50] and F2x[1, 0]9C_x52.
Calculate the average of the fine delay values of all byte lanes and subtract 8.
Write the value to F2x[1, 0]9C_x0C[PhyFence].
BIOS rewrites F2x[1, 0]9C_x04, DRAM Address/Command Timing Control Register delays for both
channels.
2.8.9.8
DRAM Channel Frequency Change
BIOS configures the channel frequency by programming the target frequency in the DCT (F2x[1, 0]94[MemClkFreq]) and triggering the DCT to change the PLL frequency in the phy. BIOS accomplishes this during the
boot process by setting one of:
•
•
•
•
F2x[1, 0]7C[EnDramInit]
F2x[1, 0]90[InitDram]
F2x[1, 0]90[ExitSelfRef]
F2x[1, 0]94[MemClkFreqVal]. Note: If the DCT has not been initialized by one of the other three control bits
then setting MemClkFreqVal will not affect a frequency change in the phy or on the bus.
BIOS observes the following requirements for changing the PLL frequency under all boot conditions (including restoring the DCT state when booting from the S3 state):
• BIOS disables the phy auto-compensation engine a minimum of 5 us prior to changing the PLL frequency by
programming F2x[1, 0]9C_x08[DisAutoComp] = 1.
• BIOS re-enables auto-compensation (DisAutoComp = 0) after the frequency change is complete and waits
750 us before the next memory access.
• If BIOS programs F2x[1, 0]90[DisDllShutdownSR] to 0, BIOS must also:
• Program F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0FE007[DllLockTime] = 013Dh.
• Program F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0FE006[PllLockTime] = 07D0h prior to changing the PLL frequency.
• Program F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0FE006[PllLockTime] = 001Ch after the frequency change is complete.
• BIOS observes all of the individual requirements for accessing DCT registers which may cause a frequency
change in the phy (EnDramInit, InitDram, ExitSelfRef, and MemClkFreqVal).
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• When both DCTs are enabled in unganged mode, BIOS initializes the PLL frequency of each DCT in order
by ensuring that the phy auto-compensation is disabled on both DCTs prior to any change in PLL frequency
and that the frequency change has completed on both DCTs prior to re-enabling auto-compensation.
• BIOS must not change the PLL frequency after DRAM has exited from self-refresh.
• BIOS must not change the PLL frequency after DRAM device initialization for DDR2 DIMMs is complete
and after DRAM training for DDR3 DIMMs is complete.
2.8.9.9
DRAM Training
This section describes detailed methods used to train the processor DDR interface to DRAM for optimal functionality and performance. DRAM training is performed by BIOS after initializing the DRAM controller (see
2.8.9.6 [DRAM Device and Controller Initialization]). It may be entirely BIOS controlled or BIOS may use
hardware to assist with the training process in the case of DDR3.
If the DCTs are to be operated in ganged mode (see 2.8 [DRAM Controllers (DCTs)]) then the training algorithms are done in ganged mode. Likewise, if the DCTs are unganged then the training is done unganged. However, when in ganged mode, training should use the worst case F2x[1, 0]78[MaxRdLatency] that exists
between either DRAM channel.
BIOS must program MSRC001_1023[WbEnhWsbDis]=1 before training and program
MSRC001_1023[WbEnhWsbDis]=0 when DRAM training is complete.
For revision DA-C and C3, if NB P-states are enabled, BIOS must program MSRC001_001F[GfxNbPstateDis]=1 before training.
DRAM training of the ECC byte lanes is accomplished after the data lanes are trained. This is described in section 2.8.9.9.4 [ECC Byte Lane Training].
DDR3 training is a superset of DDR2 training. DDR3 requires the same training process for DQS receiver
enable and DQ-DQS position that is accomplished for DDR2. See 2.8.9.9.2 [DQS Receiver Enable Training]
and 2.8.9.9.3 [DQS Position Training]. While DDR2 uses a star topology for command and address, DDR3
employs a flyby topology where each tap point on the command and address bus is high impedance. Write levelization (DDR3-defined tDQSS margining) solves the MEMCLK to DQS skew problem caused by the flyby
topology by using the phy’s ability to delay the launch of each DQS going to the DIMM such that at each
DRAM chip, DQS is seen to coalesce with incoming MEMCLK. Levelization is done per channel and per
DIMM. Levelization can be performed on each channel in parallel regardless of whether the channels are
ganged or not.
Some restrictions for write levelization training follow:
• Write levelization must be done before DQS receiver enable and DQ-DQS position training.
• No memory reads or writes to DRAM should occur before write levelization training; otherwise, write levelization training may fail.
In the sections below, a lane is used to describe an 8-bit wide data group, each with its own timing control.
2.8.9.9.1
Write Levelization Training
Write levelization involves using the phase recovery engine in the phy to detect the edge of DQS with respect
to the memory clock on the DRAM for write accesses to each lane. Write levelization is performed only for
systems with DDR3 DIMMs.
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Training is accomplished on a per channel, per DIMM basis. If the target frequency is greater than the lowest
supported MEMCLK frequency then BIOS performs two passes; otherwise, only one pass is required.
• Pass 1: Configure the DRAM interface and the memory subsystem for the lowest supported MEMCLK
frequency (see F2x[1, 0]94[MemClkFreq]) and execute the steps below.
• Pass 2: Configure the DRAM interface and the memory subsystem for the target MEMCLK frequency
(See 2.8.9.8 [DRAM Channel Frequency Change]) and execute the steps below.
The following describes the steps used for each pass of write levelization training:
• Ensure that F2x[1, 0]8C[DisAutoRefresh] = 1.
• Ensure that F2x[1, 0]94[ZqcsInterval] = 00b.
For each DIMM or chip select pair of a quad rank DIMM:
1. Prepare the DIMMs for write levelization using DDR3-defined MR commands. See F2x[1, 0]7C.
• A quad rank DIMM is treated as two DIMMs. In the following steps, the target rank and next subsequent
rank of a quad rank DIMM are referred to as the target DIMM. The remaining two ranks are treated as a
non-target DIMM.
A. Configure the output driver and on-die termination of the target DIMM as follows:
• For the first rank of the target DIMM, enable write leveling mode and enable the output driver.
• For all other ranks of the target DIMM, enable write leveling mode and disable the output driver.
• For two or more DIMMs per channel, program Rtt_Nom of the target rank to the corresponding
specified Rtt_Wr termination. Otherwise, configure Rtt_Nom of the target DIMM as normal. See
2.8.9.5.7 [DRAM ODT Control].
B. Configure Rtt_Nom on the non-target DIMMs as normal. See 2.8.9.5.7.
C. Wait 40 MEMCLKs.
2. Configure the phy for write levelization training:
A. Program F2x[1, 0]9C_x08[WrtLvTrEn]=0.
B. Program F2x[1, 0]9C_x08[TrDimmSel] to specify the target DIMM to be trained.
C. Program F2x[1, 0]9C_x08[WrLvOdt[3:0]] for the current memory configuration. See 2.8.9.5.7
[DRAM ODT Control].
D. Program F2x[1, 0]9C_x08[WrLvOdtEn]=1.
E. Wait 10 MEMCLKs to allow for ODT signal settling.
F. For each lane program an initial value to registers F2x[1, 0]9C_x52:F2x[1, 0]9C_x[51:50] to set the
gross and fine delay. See 2.8.9.9.1.1 [Write Leveling Seed Value].
3. Perform write leveling of the devices on the DIMM:
A. Program F2x[1, 0]9C_x08[WrtLvTrEn]=1.
B. Wait 200 MEMCLKs.
C. Program F2x[1, 0]9C_x08[WrtLvTrEn]=0.
D. Read from registers F2x[1, 0]9C_x52:F2x[1, 0]9C_x[51:50] to get the gross and fine delay settings for
the target DIMM and save these values.
4. Disable ODT.
A. Program F2x[1, 0]9C_x08[WrLvOdtEn]=0.
B. Wait 10 MEMCLKs to allow for ODT signal settling.
5. Program the target DIMM back to normal operation (see step #1 above)
• Configure all ranks of the target DIMM for normal operation.
• Enable the output drivers of all ranks of the target DIMM.
• For two or more DIMMs per channel, program Rtt_Nom of the target DIMM to the normal operating termination. See 2.8.9.5.7.
6. For each lane, calculate and program the corresponding write DQS delay values for F2x[1,
0]9C_x[4A:30][WrDqsGrossDly, WrDqsFineDly].
• WrDqsFineDly = PhRecFineDlyByte.
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• WrDqsGrossDly = SeedGross + PhRecGrossDlyByte - SeedPreGross.
• If the total delay is negative (the most significant bit of theWrDqsGrossDly field as defined by F2x[1,
0]9C_x[4A:30] is set to one) then program the total delay for that lane to zero.
After training is complete, program F2x[1, 0]8C[DisAutoRefresh] = 0 and F2x[1, 0]94[ZqcsInterval] to the
proper interval for the current memory configuration.
2.8.9.9.1.1
Write Leveling Seed Value
The seed value for pass 1 of write levelization training is design and platform specific and should be determined by characterization for best performance. The seed value represents the total delay difference between
clock delay and transmit DQS delay measured at the DRAM pins, in 1 UI/32 increments. The seed value must
fall within +/- 1 UI, including PVT and jitter, of the measured delay difference.
The following steps are taken to determine the seed values needed to program the DRAM Phase Recovery
Control Registers:
For each pass and each lane:
1. Calculate the total seed based on the following:
• Pass 1: Refer to Table 67 to find a configuration specific seed value.
• Pass 2:
• If (registered DIMMs) then RegisterDelay = (RC2[0] ? 0x30: 0x20). See Table 66 for more information on RC2[0].
else RegisterDelay = 0.
• SeedTotalPreScaling = (the total delay value in F2x[1, 0]9C_x[4A:30] from pass 1 of write levelization training) - RegisterDelay.
• SeedTotal = SeedTotalPreScaling*target frequency/lowest supported frequency + RegisterDelay.
2. SeedGross = SeedTotal DIV 32.
3. SeedFine = SeedTotal MOD 32.
4. If (SeedGross is odd)
then SeedPreGross = 1
else SeedPreGross = 2.
5. Program F2x[1, 0]9C_x52:F2x[1, 0]9C_x[51:50][PhRecFineDlyByte] = SeedFine.
6. Program F2x[1, 0]9C_x52:F2x[1, 0]9C_x[51:50][PhRecGrossDlyByte] = SeedPreGross.
Table 67.
Write Leveling Seed Values
DIMMs
Seed Value
UDIMMs
1Ah
SO-DIMMs
12h
RDIMMs at 333 MHz
If RC2[0]=0:3Bh
else: 4Bh
RDIMMs at 400 MHz
If RC2[0]=0:41h
else: 51h
Notes:
1. UDIMM seed value assumes DDR800 speed.
2. See Table 66 for more information on RC2[0].
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2.8.9.9.2
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
DQS Receiver Enable Training
Receiver enable delay training is used to dynamically determine the optimal delay value for [The DRAM DQS
Receiver Enable Timing Control Registers] F2x[1, 0]9C_x[2B:10]. The optimal DQS receiver enable delay
value is platform and load specific, and occurs in the middle of a received read preamble.
Training is accomplished on a per channel, per DIMM, per lane basis. The lane size is 8-bits. The following
describes the steps used for each pass of receiver enable training for each channel:
• Program F2x[1, 0]78[MaxRdLatency]=0C8h.
• Program F2x[1, 0]78[DqsRcvEnTrain]=1.
For each DIMM:
• A quad rank DIMM is treated as two dual rank DIMMs. BIOS executes the steps below twice.
1. ProgramF2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]03:F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]0[2:1] to the value in F2x[1, 0]9C_x[4A:30] for each
lane.
2. ProgramF2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]0[6:5] and F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]07 to 1/2 MEMCLK for all lanes.
3. Select two test addresses for each rank present. The addresses must be cache line (64 byte) aligned and
separated by 2 MB starting with the first rank.
4. Write one cache line where each byte is 55h to the first test address for each rank.
5. Write one cache line where each byte is AAh to the second test address for each rank.
6. For each lane, program the gross and fine timing fields in F2x[1, 0]9C_x[2B:10] with a starting total delay
value: For DDR2, the starting total delay value is zero. For DDR3, the starting value corresponds to the
write DQS delays found during write leveling.
7. For the start value and each subsequent total delay value in F2x[1, 0]9C_x[2B:10] do the following:
A. For each rank:
a. Read the first test address for the current rank and compare each lane of the first data beat with
each lane of the value written in step 5 above.
b. Reset the read pointer in the DRAM controller receive FIFO by writing the current corresponding
DQS receiver enable delay settings to one of F2x[1, 0]9C_x[2B:10].
c. Read the second test address for the rank and compare each lane of the first data beat with each
lane of the value written in step 6 above.
d. Reset the read pointer in the DRAM controller receive FIFO by writing the current corresponding
DQS receiver enable delay settings to one of F2x[1, 0]9C_x[2B:10].
e. For each lane, save each DQS receiver enable setting that passes for both read patterns.
B. If the DIMM has two ranks then save each DQS receiver enable setting that passes for both ranks.
C. For each lane, update the current total DQS receiver enable delay setting in preparation for the next
iteration using the following:
• Save the total delay of a pass after a fail from a previous iteration as Delay1.
• If the result of the current iteration is a fail, then add 1/8 UI to the total delay. If 1 MEMCLK of total
delays have been tested without converging to a passing solution, then BIOS considers the channel
untrainable and performs a vendor defined error recovery.
• If the result of the current iteration is a pass then for each subsequent training iteration BIOS alternately adds either 1/32 UI or 1/4 UI to the total delay until either a fail condition prevails or until the
lane is trained. If the current delay minus Delay1 >= 1.25 UI (while no fail condition was detected)
then the lane is trained; program F2x[1, 0]9C_x[2B:10] = Delay1 + 7/8 UI and discontinue updating
the delay value for the lane.
D. Swap the test address pointers for each rank, such that the order of data read on the bus alternates
between 55h and AAh with each subsequent iteration of step 7. Continue until all lanes are trained.
8. Flush the receiver FIFO with the following:
A. Write one cache line to any one of the test addresses on the DIMM, where each byte of the data in the
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cache line is neither 55h nor AAh.
B. Read one cache line from the test address used above.
• Program F2x[1, 0]78[MaxRdLatency] with the current greatest value of F2x[1, 0]9C_x[2B:10]. See 2.8.9.9.5
[Calculating MaxRdLatency].
• Program F2x[1, 0]78[DqsRcvEnTrain]=0.
2.8.9.9.3
DQS Position Training
DQS position training is used to place the DQS strobe in the center of the DQ data eye. Determining the correct
DRAM DQS delay settings for both reads and writes must be performed using a two dimensional search of the
read and write delay settings. This section describes the algorithm used to determine the values required to program the DRAM Write Data Timing registers (seeF2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]0[2:1] and F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]03) and
the DRAM Read DQS Timing Control registers (see F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]0[6:5] and F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]07) registers for DQS position training.
To generate the needed continuous read or write data streams for DQS position training, see 2.8.9.9.6 [Continuous Pattern Generation].
1. Select three test addresses for each rank present in the system. The addresses must be cache line (64 byte)
aligned. Fill all three addresses with cachelines of identical data for each byte location.
2. For each channel:
• For each byte lane:
• For each rank:
DRAM Write Data Timing Loop:
• For each DRAM Write Data Timing setting of the current byte:
• Write the current write DQS delay value to the DRAM Write Data Timing register for the
current byte lane.
• Write the DRAM training pattern to the first test address for the rank.
DRAM Read DQS Timing Control Loop:
• For each read delay setting for the DRAM Read DQS Timing Control register:
a. Write the current DRAM Read DQS Timing Control delay setting for the current
byte lane.
b. Read the DRAM training pattern from the first test address three times.
c. If the training pattern is read correctly, record the read position for the current byte
lane as a pass; otherwise record the result as a fail.
d. Increment the DQS Read Timing Control Register setting for the current lane and
continue in this DRAM Read DQS Timing Control Loop.
• Process the array of results from step c above and determine the longest string of consecutive
Read DQS values with passing results.
• If the read DQ to DQS delay setting for the current byte lane contains three or more consecutive
delay values with passing results, then exit the DRAM Write Data Timing Loop after
programming the Read DQS Timing Control register with the average value of the smallest
and largest values in the string of consecutive passing results.
• Increment the Write DQS Timing Control Register byte for the current byte lane and continue
the DRAM Write Data Timing Loop.
• Write the Read DQS Timing Control register setting for the current byte with a value that represents the center position of the passing region.
• Write 0 to the DRAM Write Data Timing register for the current byte lane.
• For each DRAM Write Data Timing register setting:
a. Write the current DRAM DQS timing control register delay setting for the current byte
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lane.
b. Write 0’s to the three test addresses for the current rank.
c. Write the DRAM training pattern to the three test addresses for the current rank.
d. Read the DRAM training pattern from the three test addresses.
e. If the training pattern is read correctly from each test address mark the DRAM Write Data
Timing setting for the current byte lane as a pass.
f. Increment the DRAM DQS write timing register byte for the current byte lane and go to
step a.
• Compare the passing regions for the current byte lane for each rank to determine a mutually centered
region that passes for all ranks.
• Write the Read DQS Timing Control register for the current byte lane with the centered delay setting
of the mutually passing region for reads.
• Write the DRAM Write Data Timing register for the current byte with the centered delay position of
the mutual passing region for writes.
2.8.9.9.4
ECC Byte Lane Training
Because the ECC lanes of the DRAM interface are not visible to software additional steps are necessary in
order to program the proper delay settings for the ECC lanes. Also, the different DDR3 DRAM layout topologies makes calculating the delay values of the ECC lanes problematical. However, in most cases, a simple
averaging can be performed that yields reasonable delay values for the ECC lanes.
For DDR2 DIMMs, all ECC byte lane delay values can be determined by averaging the physically adjacent
data lanes on the DRAM interface. For example, if the ECC byte lane signals on the board are physically
between data byte lanes 3 and 4, the programmed value for the delay registers would be the average of the values used for data byte lanes 3 and 4. This technique would be used to calculate the delay settings for all DDR2
BIOS based training as mentioned in the previous paragraph.
This method is also used to determine the ECC delay settings for unbuffered DDR3 DIMMs.
For DDR3 registered DIMMs, the ECC lane delay is calculated by extrapolating the trained delays of two adjacent lanes on the DIMM. See Figure 11 for an example illustration. All data lanes on x4 DIMMs are trained
using the lower nibbles by default so the data lanes chosen for the calculations are byte aligned. See Figure 12
for an example illustration. The delay settings can be calculated using the following method:
• For each chip select of a 1 rank DIMM, or chip select pair of a 2 rank or 4 rank DIMM, BIOS calculates the
needed delay value by subtracting the delay value used for data byte lane 2 from the value used for data byte
lane 3. The difference could be either a negative or positive value.
• The difference is added to the delay setting used for data lane 3 and the result is used for the delay setting of
the ECC lane.
• BIOS repeats this process for the other ranks as needed.
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D0
D1
D2
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
D3
ECC
D4
D5
D6
D7
Data Data
Lane Lane
2
3
To Processor DRAM Interface
Figure 11: DDR3 x8 Registered DIMM
D9
D1
D2
D3
ECC L
D13
D5
D15
D6
D0
D10
D11
D12
ECC
H
D14
D4
D16
D7
Data
Data
Lane
Lane
2 (lower nibble) 3 (lower nibble)
To Processor DRAM Interface
Figure 12: DDR3 Registered x4 DIMM (planar)
2.8.9.9.5
Calculating MaxRdLatency
The MaxRdLatency value determines when the node's memory controller can receive incoming data from the
DCTs. Calculating MaxRdLatency consists of summing all the synchronous and asynchronous delays in the
path from the processor to the DRAM and back at a given MEMCLK frequency. BIOS incrementally calculates the MaxRdLatency and then finally programs the value into F2x[1, 0]78[MaxRdLatency]. The calculation is always done at NB P-state 0.
There are two processor specific delay values necessary for MaxRdLatency referred to as constants P and N in
this section. P represents the portion of the delay in the DRAM clock domain. N represents the portion of the
delay in the Northbridge clock domain. The values for P and N are defined as follows:
• For revision B, P = 5.5, N = 5.
• For revision C:
• For F(1207), AM2r2, AM3, and S1g3 package types, use P = 5.5, N = 5.
• Else use P=14.5, N= 2.
• For revision D and later, P=14.5, N= 2.
The following steps describe the algorithm used to compute F2x[1, 0]78[MaxRdLatency] used for DRAM
training. K is used as a temporary placeholder for the incrementally summed value.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
1. Multiply the CAS Latency (in MEMCLKs) by 2 to get the number of 1/2 MEMCLKs units for Tcl and
store into K.
• K = 2 * CL; See F2x[1, 0]88[Tcl].
2. If registered DIMMs are used then add 2 to the incremental sub-total K.
• If F2x[1, 0]90[UnbuffDimm]=0 then K = K + 2
3. If the all coarse prelaunch setup delays are 1/2 MEMCLK then add 1, else add 2 to the sub-total K.
• If (F2x[1, 0]9C_x04[AddrCmdSetup] and F2x[1, 0]9C_x04[CsOdtSetup] and F2x[1, 0]9C_x04[CkeSetup] = 0) then K = K + 1
• If (F2x[1, 0]9C_x04[AddrCmdSetup] or F2x[1, 0]9C_x04[CsOdtSetup] or F2x[1, 0]9C_x04[CkeSetup]
= 1) then K = K + 2
4. If the F2x[1, 0]78[RdPtrInit] field is 4, 5, or 6, then add 4, 3, or 2, respectively, to the sub-total K.
• K = K + (8 - F2x[1, 0]78[RdPtrInit])
5. Add the maximum (worst case) delay value of F2x[1, 0]9C_x[2B:10][DqsRcvEnGrossDelay] that exists
across all DIMMs and byte lanes.
• K = K + (Maximum F2x[1, 0]9C_x[2B:10][DqsRcvEnGrossDelay])
6. Add P to the sub-total K.
• K=K+P
7. Convert the sub-total value K (in 1/2 MEMCLKs) to Northbridge clocks (NCLKs) normalized to 200 MHz
clk (multiplying before dividing avoids rounding errors):
• K = K * 200 * (F3xD4[NbFid] + 4); see F3xD4[NbFid] for more information on the state of NbFid.
• K = K /(current memory clock frequency); see F2x[1, 0]88[MemClkFreq]
• K = K / 2; removes the 1/2 MEMCLK component
8. Add N to the sub-total.
• K=K+N
9. Program the final MaxRdLatency with the total delay value (in NCLKs):
• F2x[1, 0]78[MaxRdLatency] = RoundUp(K)
Note: if F2x110[DctGangEn] = 1, BIOS sets both DCT’s F2x[1, 0]78[MaxRdLatency] to the maximum of
either channel's computed MaxRdLatency value.
2.8.9.9.5.1
MaxRdLatency Training
The following describes an algorithm that can be used to optimize F2x[1, 0]78[MaxRdLatency] value used
after DRAM training:
The following three cache line pattern is used to train the MaxRdLatency value:
0C3C_FF52_6E0E_3FACh
49C5_B613_4A68_8181h
5C16_50E3_7C78_0BA6h
0C67_53E6_0C4F_9D76h
BABF_B6CA_2055_35A5h
0C5F_1C87_610E_6E5Fh
14C9_C383_4884_93CEh
9CE8_F615_F5B9_A5CDh
C38F_1B4C_AAD7_14B5h
669F_7562_72ED_647Ch
4A89_8B30_5233_F802h
3326_B465_10A4_0617h
C807_E3D3_5538_6E04h
14B4_E63A_AB49_E193h
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EA51_7C45_67DF_2495h
F814_0C51_7624_CE51h
B61D_D0C9_4824_BD23h
E8F3_807D_072B_CFBEh
25E3_0C47_919E_A373h
4DA8_0A5A_FEB1_2958h
792B_0076_E9A0_DDF8h
F025_B496_E81C_73DCh
8085_94FE_1DB7_E627h
655C_7783_8266_8268h
• For each channel:
• If two channels are ganged then BIOS applies the worst case timing found in [The DRAM DQS Receiver
Enable Timing Control Registers] F2x[1, 0]9C_x[2B:10] across both channels and performs the following actions once on both channels simultaneously.
• BIOS calculates a starting MaxRdLatency delay value by executing steps 1 through 5, and 7 in section
2.8.9.9.5 above.
• BIOS selects an address associated with the DIMM that has the worst case [The DRAM DQS Receiver
Enable Timing Control Registers] F2x[1, 0]9C_x[2B:10] register setting that was found on the channel
during DQS receiver enable training.
• If two channels are ganged or if two unganged channels are interleaved with address bit 6 selecting the
channel (see F2x110[DctSelIntLvAddr]), then write two copies of the specified pattern to the target
address; otherwise write one copy of the specified pattern to the target address.
1. Incrementing through all possible MaxRdLatency delay values beginning at the calculated MaxRdLatency start value:
2. Set current MaxRdLatency delay value.
3. Read three cache lines from the selected addresses on the current DIMM.
4. Compare all three cache lines of data to the values written.
• If the compare matches, go to step 5. below.
• If the compare does not match, increment the MaxRdLatency value and go to step 2. above.
5. Save the MaxRdLatency value for the current DIMM for the current channel.
6. Repeat all the above steps for the other channel.
• Program the largest MaxRdLatency value in NCLKs plus 1 additional NCLK, plus 1 MEMCLK (to convert
the MEMCLK value to NCLKs see 2.8.9.9.5 step 7 above) for each channel.
2.8.9.9.6
Continuous Pattern Generation
DRAM training relies on the ability to generate a string of continuous reads or writes between the processor
and DRAM, such that worst case electrical interactions can be created. This section describes how these continuous strings of accesses may be generated.
For reads, prefetch DRAM training mode is enabled through [The Memory Controller Configuration High
Register] F2x11C[PrefDramTrainMode]. In prefetch DRAM training mode, the DRAM prefetcher (see the
same register) continues to issue to prefetches (once it detects a stride) until the DRAM prefetch limit,
F2x11C[MctPrefReqLimit], is reached. This results in a series of back-to-back reads to the DCT; the corresponding data is stored in the prefetch data buffer. This data can then be accessed by subsequent reads to the
strided addresses (and then checked for correctness by software). The expected sequence of events is as follows:
1. BIOS ensures that the only accesses outstanding to the MCT are training reads.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
2. If F2x[1, 0]90[BurstLength32]=1, then BIOS ensures that the DCTs and DRAMs are configured for 64
byte bursts (8-beat burst length). See 2.8.4 [Burst Length]. This requires that BIOS issue MRS commands
to the devices to change to an 8-beat burst length and then to restore the desired burst length after training
is complete.
3. BIOS programs F2x[1, 0]90[ForceAutoPchg] = 0 and F2x[1, 0]8C[DisAutoRefresh] = 1.
4. If necessary, BIOS programs F2x[1, 0]78[EarlyArbEn] = 1 at this time. See register description.
5. BIOS sets F2x11C[MctPrefReqLimit] to the number of training reads (Ntrain) it wishes to generate in the
training sequence.
6. BIOS sets F2x11C[PrefDramTrainMode] bit.
7. The act of setting F2x11C[PrefDramTrainMode] causes the MCT to flush out the prefetch stride predictor
table (removing any existing prefetch stride patterns).
8. BIOS issues an SFENCE (or other serializing instruction) to ensure that the prior write completes.
9. For revision C and earlier processors, BIOS generates two training reads. For revision D and later processors BIOS generates three training reads. These must be to consecutive cache lines (i.e. 64 bytes apart) and
must not cross a naturally aligned 4 KByte boundary.
10. These reads set up a stride pattern which is detected by the prefetcher. The prefetcher then continues to
issue prefetches until F2x11C[MctPrefReqLimit] is reached, at which point the MCT clears F2x11C[PrefDramTrainMode].
11. BIOS issues the remaining (Ntrain - 2 for revisions C and earlier or Ntrain - 3 for revision D and later)
reads after checking that F2x11C[PrefDramTrainMode] is cleared. These reads must be to consecutive
cache lines (i.e., 64 bytes apart) and must not cross a naturally aligned 4KB boundary. These reads hit the
prefetches and read the data from the prefetch buffer.
12. When BIOS is ready to issue the next set of training reads, go to step #6.
13. When training is complete, BIOS disables the DRAM prefetcher training mode by programming
F2x11C[PrefDramTrainMode]=0;
14. BIOS restores the target values for F2x[1, 0]90[ForceAutoPchg], F2x[1, 0]8C[DisAutoRefresh] and
F2x[1, 0]90[BurstLength32].
For writes, prefetch DRAM training is accomplished using the write bursting function, described in F2x11C, as
follows:
1. Disable the leaking of writes to the DCT that are below the burst watermark by setting F2x11C[DctWrLimit] = 00b.
2. Set F2x11C[MctWrLimit] to desired number of cachelines in the burst.
3. Flush out prior writes by setting F2x11C[FlushWr].
4. Wait for F2x11C[FlushWr] to clear, indicating prior writes have been flushed.
5. Issue the stream of writes. When F2x11C[MctWrLimit] is reached (or when F2x11C[FlushWr] is set
again), all the writes are written to DRAM.
2.8.9.10
DRAM Phy Power Savings
For maximum power savings, BIOS should perform the following actions for each channel:
•
•
•
•
Disable unused MEMCLK pins. See F2x[1, 0]88[MemClkDis].
Disable unused CKE, ODT, and chip select pins. See F2x[1, 0]9C_x0C[CKETri, ODTTri, ChipSelTri].
If a channel does not have memory then program F2x[1, 0]88[DisDramInterface] = 1.
If the DIMMs do not have address parity, then program F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F812F[TristateCA] = 1 for the
PAR pin.
For revision DA-C and C3 and later:
• If the DCT does not have ECC memory, program F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F0[F:0]30[PwrDn] = 1 for the ECC byte.
• If the DCT does not have x4 DRAMs, program F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F0[F:0]13[RxDqsUDllPowerDown] = 1
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
for all byte lanes.
• For each chiplet instance (a chiplet instance controls the pads for two clocks) where all pads are unused by
the package, the platform, or the DIMM, program F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F2[F:0]30[PwrDn] = 1.
2.8.10
Memory Interleaving Modes
Interleaving is defined as the spreading contiguous physical address space over multiple DIMM banks, as
opposed to each DIMM owning a single contiguous address space. This is accomplished by using lower-order
address bits to select between DIMMs. The processor supports three different types of interleaving modes:
• CS: interleaving between the DIMM banks of a channel based the CS. This is controlled through [The
DRAM CS Base Address Registers] F2x[1, 0][5C:40].
• Channel: interleaving between the two 64-bit channels of a processor. This is controlled through [The
DRAM Controller Select Low Register] F2x110[DctSelIntLvEn].
• Node: interleaving between DIMMs of different processor nodes. This is controlled through [The DRAM
Base/Limit Registers] F1x[1, 0][7C:40] and [The DRAM Limit System Address Register] F1x124. See
2.8.10.2 [Node Interleaving].
Any combination of these interleaving modes may be enabled concurrently. It is recommended that interleaving between chip selects is enabled if the configuration supports it.
2.8.10.1
Chip Select Interleaving
The chip select memory interleaving mode requires all DIMM chip-select ranges be the same size and type,
and the number of chip selects a power of two. A BIOS algorithm for programming [The DRAM CS Base
Address Registers] F2x[1, 0][5C:40] and [The DRAM CS Mask Registers] F2x[1, 0][6C:60] in memory interleaving mode is as follows:
1. Program all DRAM CS Base Address and DRAM CS Mask registers using contiguous normalized address
mapping.
2. For each enabled chip select, swap the corresponding BaseAddr[38:27] bits with the BaseAddr[21:13] bits
as defined in Table 68 and Table 69 for DDR2 and Table 70 and Table 71 for DDR3.
3. For each enabled chip select, swap the corresponding AddrMask[38:27] bits with the AddrMask[21:13]
bits as defined in Table 68 and Table 69 for DDR2 and Table 70 and Table 71 for DDR3.
Table 68.
DDR2 swapped normalized address lines for interleaving for a 64-bit interface
Swapped Base Address and Address Mask bits
Chip Select Chip Select
Mode
Size
8 way CS
interleaving
4 way CS
interleaving
2 way CS
interleaving
0000b
128-MB
[29:27] and [16:14]
[28:27] and [15:14]
[27] and [14]
0001b
256-MB
[30:28] and [17:15]
[29:28] and [16:15]
[28] and [15]
0010b
512-MB
[31:29] and [17:15]
[30:29] and [16:15]
[29] and [15]
0011b
512-MB
[31:29] and [18:16]
[30:29] and [17:16]
[29] and [16]
0100b
512-MB
[31:29] and [18:16]
[30:29] and [17:16]
[29] and [16]
0101b
1-GB
[32:30] and [18:16]
[31:30] and [17:16]
[30] and [16]
0110b
1-GB
[32:30] and [18:16]
[31:30] and [17:16]
[30] and [16]
0111b
2-GB
[33:31] and [18:16]
[32:31] and [17:16]
[31] and [16]
1000b
2-GB
[33:31] and [19:17]
[32:31] and [18:17]
[31] and [17]
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
Table 68.
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
DDR2 swapped normalized address lines for interleaving for a 64-bit interface
Swapped Base Address and Address Mask bits
Chip Select Chip Select
Mode
Size
8 way CS
interleaving
4 way CS
interleaving
2 way CS
interleaving
1001b
4-GB
[34:32] and [19:17]
[33:32] and [18:17]
[32] and [17]
1010b
4-GB
[34:32] and [18:16]
[33:32] and [17:16]
[32] and [16]
1011b
8-GB
[35:33] and [19:17]
[34:33] and [18:17]
[33] and [17]
Table 69.
DDR2 swapped normalized address lines for CS interleaving for a 128-bit interface
Swapped Base Address and Address Mask bits
Chip Select
Mode
Chip Select
Size
0000b
8 way CS
interleaving
4 way CS
interleaving
2 way CS
interleaving
256-MB
[30:28] and [17:15]
[29:28] and [16:15]
[28] and [15]
0001b
512-MB
[31:29] and [18:16]
[30:29] and [17:16]
[29] and [16]
0010b
1-GB
[32:30] and [18:16]
[31:30] and [17:16]
[30] and [16]
0011b
1-GB
[32:30] and [19:17]
[31:30] and [18:17]
[30] and [17]
0100b
1-GB
[32:30] and [19:17]
[31:30] and [18:17]
[30] and [17]
0101b
2-GB
[33:31] and [19:17]
[32:31] and [18:17]
[31] and [17]
0110b
2-GB
[33:31] and [19:17]
[32:31] and [18:17]
[31] and [17]
0111b
4-GB
[34:32] and [19:17]
[33:32] and [18:17]
[32] and [17]
1000b
4-GB
[34:32] and [20:18]
[33:32] and [19:18]
[32] and [18]
1001b
8-GB
[35:33] and [20:18]
[34:33] and [19:18]
[33] and [18]
1010b
8-GB
[35:33] and [19:17]
[34:33] and [18:17]
[33] and [17]
1011b
16-GB
[36:34] and [20:18]
[35:34] and [19:18]
[34] and [18]
Table 70.
DDR3 swapped normalized address lines for interleaving for a 64-bit interface
Swapped Base Address and Address Mask bits
Chip Select Chip Select
Mode
Size
8 way CS
interleaving
4 way CS
interleaving
2 way CS
interleaving
0001b
256-MB
[30:28] and [18:16]
[29:28] and [17:16]
[28] and [16]
0010b
512-MB
[31:29] and [18:16]
[30:29] and [17:16]
[29] and [16]
0101b
1-GB
[32:30] and [18:16]
[31:30] and [17:16]
[30] and [16]
0110b
1-GB
[32:30] and [19:17]
[31:30] and [18:17]
[30] and [17]
0111b
2-GB
[33:31] and [18:16]
[32:31] and [17:16]
[31] and [16]
1000b
2-GB
[33:31] and [19:17]
[32:31] and [18:17]
[31] and [17]
1001b
4-GB
[34:32] and [19:17]
[33:32] and [18:17]
[32] and [17]
1010b
4-GB
[34:32] and [18:16]
[33:32] and [17:16]
[32] and [16]
1011b
8-GB
[35:33] and [19:17]
[34:33] and [18:17]
[33] and [17]
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Table 71.
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
DDR3 swapped normalized address lines for CS interleaving for a 128-bit interface
Swapped Base Address and Address Mask bits
Chip Select
Mode
Chip Select
Size
0001b
8 way CS
interleaving
4 way CS
interleaving
2 way CS
interleaving
512-MB
[31:29] and [19:17]
[30:29] and [18:17]
[29] and [17]
0010b
1-GB
[32:30] and [19:17]
[31:30] and [18:17]
[30] and [17]
0101b
2-GB
[33:31] and [19:17]
[32:31] and [18:17]
[31] and [17]
0110b
2-GB
[33:31] and [20:18]
[32:31] and [19:18]
[31] and [18]
0111b
4-GB
[34:32] and [19:17]
[33:32] and [18:17]
[32] and [17]
1000b
4-GB
[34:32] and [20:18]
[33:32] and [19:18]
[32] and [18]
1001b
8-GB
[35:33] and [20:18]
[34:33] and [19:18]
[33] and [18]
1010b
8-GB
[35:33] and [19:17]
[34:33] and [18:17]
[33] and [17]
1011b
16-GB
[36:34] and [20:18]
[35:34] and [19:18]
[34] and [18]
The following is an example of interleaving a 64-bit interface to DDR3 DRAM. The DRAM memory consists
of two 512 Mbyte dual rank DDR3 DIMMs.
1. The register settings for contiguous memory mapping are:
F2x[1, 0]80 = 0000_0011h // CS0/1 = 256 MB; CS2/3 = 256 MB
F2x[1, 0]40 = 0000_0001h // 0 MB base
F2x[1, 0]44 = 0010_0001h // 256 MB base = 0 MB + 256 MB
F2x[1, 0]48 = 0020_0001h // 512 MB base = 256 MB + 256 MB
F2x[1, 0]4C = 0030_0001h // 768 MB base = 512 MB + 256 MB
F2x[1, 0]60 = 0008_3FE0h // CS0/CS1 = 256 MB
F2x[1, 0]64 = 0008_3FE0h // CS2/CS3 = 256 MB
2. The base address bits to be swapped are defined in Table 70, 256MB chip select size, 4 way CS interleaving column. The BaseAddr[29:28] bits are specified by F2x[1, 0][5C:40][BaseAddr[21:20]]. The BaseAddr[17:16] bits are specified by F2x[1, 0][5C:40][BaseAddr[9:8]].
F2x[1, 0]40 = 0000_0001h
F2x[1, 0]44 = 0000_0101h
F2x[1, 0]48 = 0000_0201h
F2x[1, 0]4C = 0000_0301h
3. The AddrMask bits to be swapped are the same as the BaseAddr bits defined in the previous step. The
AddrMask[29:28] bits are specified by F2x[1, 0][6C:60][AddrMask[21:20]]. The AddrMask[17:16] bits
are specified by F2x[1, 0][6C:60][AddrMask[9:8]].
F2x[1, 0]60 = 0038_3CE0h
F2x[1, 0]64 = 0038_3CE0h
2.8.10.2
Node Interleaving
If node interleaving is enabled, then (1) all nodes in the system must contain the same amount of DRAM, (2)
all the DRAM of all nodes in the system must be interleaved, and (3) the base and limit registers for all nodes
must be programmed to 0 and top of memory, respectively. If node interleaving and channel interleaving are
enabled, all DRAM channels in the system must have the same amount of DRAM.
Node interleaving for up to 8 nodes is controlled by F1x[1, 0][7C:40][IntlvEn and IntlvSel],
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F1x120[DramIntlvSel] and F1x124[DramIntlvEn]. IntlvEn and DramIntlvEn are programmed to specify the
interleaved address bits (programmed the same in each node). IntlvSel specifies the value that those address
bits need to be to target a node (must be programmed to a different value for each node). DramIntlvSel specifies the value of those address bits for the local node. It is expected that one [The DRAM Base/Limit Registers]
F1x[1, 0][7C:40] pair is enabled per node; one of these pairs selects the local node by having an IntlvSel value
that matches F1x120[DramIntlvSel]; IntlvEn is the same in all [The DRAM Base/Limit Registers] F1x[1,
0][7C:40] pairs and the same as F1x124[DramIntlvEn] of all nodes. For example, a 4-node system would normally be programmed as follows for interleaving:
2.8.11
Node 0
- IntlvEn = 00_0011b
- IntlvSel = 000b
- Addr[13:12] = 00b
Node 1
- IntlvEn = 00_0011b
- IntlvSel = 001b
- Addr[13:12] = 01b
Node 2
- IntlvEn = 00_0011b
- IntlvSel = 010b
- Addr[13:12] = 10b
Node 3
- IntlvEn = 00_0011b
- IntlvSel = 011b
- Addr[13:12] = 11b
Memory Hoisting
Memory hoisting is defined as reclaiming the DRAM space that would naturally reside in the MMIO hole just
below the 4G address level. This memory is repositioned above the 4G level when the registers that control
memory hoisting, [The DRAM Hole Address Register] F1xF0, [The DRAM Controller Select Low Register]
F2x110, [The DRAM Controller Select High Register] F2x114, are set up properly.
The memory hoisting offset fields, F1xF0[DramHoleOffset] and F2x114[DctSelBaseOffset], are programmed
based on the following parameters:
• F1xF0[DramHoleBase], which is the base address of the IO hole below the 4G level. In MP systems, this
should be programmed to the same value in all processors.
• F2x110[DctSelBaseAddr], which specifies the base address of the upper memory space owned by one of the
DCTs.
• F2x110[DctSelIntLvEn], which specifies if interleaving between the two DCTs is enabled (channel interleave mode).
• F1x120[DramBaseAddr], and F1x124[DramLimitAddr], which specify the address range of the node.
• If both DCTs are enabled (F2x[1, 0][5C:40][CSEnable]). Note: if the two DCTs are ganged in 128-bit mode,
then only 1 DCT is defined to be enabled in the case conditions below.
DramHoleSize is defined in order to simplify the following equations in this section and is calculated as follows: DramHoleSize[31:24] = (100h-DramHoleBase[31:24]).
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DramHoleOffset Programming
F1xF0[DramHoleOffset] is programmed to one of the following equations based on the scenario:
• Case 1: if only one DCT is enabled OR both DCTs are enabled in channel interleaved mode and have equal
amount of memory OR DctSelBaseAddr > DramHoleBase, then:
DramHoleOffset[31:23] = {DramHoleSize[31:24], 0b} + {DramBaseAddr[31:27], 0000b};
• Case 2: if both DCTs are enabled in channel non-interleaved mode and DctSelBaseAddr < DramHoleBase,
then:
DramHoleOffset[31:23] = {DramHoleSize[31:24], 0b} + {DctSelBaseAddr[31:27], 0000b};
• Case 3: if both DRAM controllers are enabled in channel interleaved mode and DctSelBaseAddress < DramHoleBase, then:
DramHoleOffset[31:23] = {DramHoleSize[31:24], 0b} + {DramBaseAddr[31:27], 0000b}
+ {0b, (DctSelBaseAddr[31:27] - DramBaseAddr[31:27]), 000b};
7G - DramLimitAddr
DCT1
DCT0
6G - DctSelBaseAddr
5G
MMIO
hole
DCT1
MMIO
hole
6G
DCT1
4G
3G - DramHoleBase
3G - DramHoleBase
MMIO
hole
1G - DramBaseAddr
1G - DramBaseAddr
0G
0G
Case 1
Case 2
4G
3G - DramHoleBase
2G - DctSelBaseAddr
2G - DctSelBaseAddr
DCT0
6G
5G
5G
4G
2G
DCT0 or
DCT0/1
interleaved
7G - DramLimitAddr
7G - DramLimitAddr
DCT0/1
interleaved
1G - DramBaseAddr
0G
Case 3
Figure 13: Example cases for programming DramHoleOffset.
2.8.11.2
DctSelBaseOffset Programming
F2x114[DctSelBaseOffset] is programmed to one of the following equations based on the scenario:
• Case 1: if the two DCTs are enabled in channel non-interleaved mode, then:
DctSelBaseOffset[47:26] = {DctSelBaseAddr[47:27], 0b};
• Case 2: if (1) the two DCTs are enabled in channel interleaved mode and DctSelBaseAddr < DramHoleBase
OR if (2) there is no memory hole in the address map, then:
DctSelBaseOffset[47:26] = {DramBaseAddr[47:27], 0b}
+ {0b, (DctSelBaseAddr[47:27] – DramBaseAddr[47:27]) };
• Case 3: if the two DCTs are enabled in channel interleaved mode, DctSelBaseAddr > DramHoleBase, and
the interleaved range includes the MMIO hole, then:
DctSelBaseOffset[47:26] = {DramBaseAddr[47:27], 0b}
+ {0000h, DramHoleSize[31:26]}
+ {0b, (DctSelBaseAddr[47:27]
– {0000h, (DramBaseAddr[31:27] + DramHoleSize[31:27])}};
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7G - DramLimitAddr
DCT1
DCT0
6G - DctSelBaseAddr
DCT1
5G
4G
MMIO
Hole
3G - DramHoleBase
6G
DCT1
MMIO
Hole
4G
DCT0/1
interleaved
0G
Case 1
MMIO
Hole
4G
3G - DramHoleBase
3G - DramHoleBase
2G - DctSelBaseAddr
6G - DctSelBaseAddr
5G
5G
2G
1G - DramBaseAddr
7G - DramLimitAddr
7G - DramLimitAddr
DCT0/1
interleaved
2G
1G - DramBaseAddr
1G - DramBaseAddr
0G
0G
Case 2
Case 3
Figure 14: Example cases for programming DctSelBaseOffset.
2.8.12
On-Line Spare
On-line spare is a RAS mechanism that allows the system to reserve one rank of one logical DIMM to be used
as a spare rank. System software reserves a spare rank by setting F2x[1, 0][5C:40][Spare] in one of the CS
Base address registers. The spare rank must be greater than or equal to the size of all other ranks in the system.
The system can switch to the spare rank when system software determines that one of the ranks in the system is
no longer functioning properly and needs to be replaced. The on-line spare mechanism is controlled by [The
On-Line Spare Control Register] F3xB0. System software initiates the swap to the spare rank by writing the
chip select number of the bad rank to F3xB0[BadDramCS] and setting F3xB0[SwapEn].
On-line spare is not supported in UMA systems.
2.8.12.1
On-Line Spare and CS Interleaving
The on-line spare feature can only be used with 2 way and 4 way CS interleaving under the following conditions.
• All ranks of each DIMM present must be of the same size and configuration.
• Only the following populations are supported:
• 2 DIMMs per channel (2 way CS interleaving)
• One single rank DIMM and one dual rank DIMM. Any rank can be used as the spare rank.
• Both DIMMs are dual rank. Any rank can be used as the spare rank. One rank must be marked as bad
since only two ranks can be active.
• 3 DIMMs per channel (4 way CS interleaving)
• Two dual rank DIMMs and one single rank DIMM. Any rank can be used as the spare rank.
• All DIMMs are dual rank. Any rank can be used as the spare rank. One rank must be marked as bad
since only four ranks can be active.
• 4 DIMMs per channel (4 way CS interleaving)
• One dual rank DIMMs and three single rank DIMMs. Any rank can be used as the spare rank.
• Two dual rank DIMMs and two single rank DIMMs. Any rank can be used as the spare rank. One
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rank must be marked as bad since only four ranks can be active.
2.8.13
DRAM On DIMM Thermal Management and Power Capping
For revision D and later processors, each DCT can throttle commands based on the state of the processor’s
EVENT_L pin (one per controller) or when F2x[1, 0]A4[BwCapEn]=1. The EVENT_L pin is used for thermal
management and F2x[1, 0]A4[BwCapEn] is used to limit memory power independent of thermal management.
JEDEC defines two DRAM device types: Standard (with a case temperature of 85C), and extended temperature (with a case temperature of 95C). For extended temperature devices, a minimum refresh rate of 3.9 us is
required when the temperature exceeds 85C. The recommended usage and the interaction between DRAM case
temperature and EVENT_L pin throttling is as follows:
• The BIOS may enable command throttling on a DRAM controller if the platform supports the EVENT_L pin
by programming F2x[1, 0]A4[ODTSEn] = 1.
• The recommended usage is for this pin to be connected to one or more JEDEC defined on DIMM temperature sensor(s). The SPD of the DIMM indicates whether the DIMM supports on DIMM temperature
sensor.
• BIOS configures the temperature sensor(s) to assert EVENT_L pin active low when the trip point is
exceeded and deassert EVENT_L when the temperature drops below the trip point minus the sensor
defined hysteresis.
• BIOS programs F2x[1, 0]A4[CmdThrottleMode] with the throttling mode to employ when the trip point
has been exceeded.
• The hardware enforces a refresh rate of 3.9 us while EVENT_L is asserted. See F2x[1, 0]A4[ODTSEn].
• If all DIMMs support extended temperature range (specified in the DIMMs’ SPD ROM), the 3.9 us refresh
rate requirement can be satisfied by one of the following methods:
• BIOS programs the refresh rate to 3.9 us in F2x[1, 0]8C[Tref].
• BIOS configures the temperature sensor trip point for all DIMMs according to the 85 degrees C case
temperature specification.
• Standard and extended temperature devices may be mixed in a system. In this case, BIOS has two options:
• BIOS programs the refresh rate to 3.9 us in F2x[1, 0]8C[Tref], or,
• BIOS configures the temperature sensor trip point for all DIMMs according to the 85 degrees C case
temperature specification of the standard temperature DIMM(s).
• At startup, the BIOS determines if the DRAMs are hot before enabling a DCT and delays for an amount of
time to allow the devices to cool under the influence of the thermal solution. This is accomplished by checking the temperature status in the temperature sensor of each DIMM.
• The latched status of the EVENT_L pin for both DCTs can be read by system software in
F2xAC[MemTempHot1, MemTempHot0].
The relationship between the DRAM case temperature, trip points, and EVENT_L pin sampling interval is outlined as follows:
• The trip points for each DIMM are ordinarily configured to the case temperature specification minus a
guardband temperature for the DIMM.
• The temperature guardband is vendor defined and is used to account for sensor inaccuracy, EVENT_L pin
sample interval, and platform thermal design.
• The sampling interval is vendor defined. It is expected to be approximately 1 second.
2.9
CPU Core
The majority of the behavioral definition of the core is specified in the AMD64 Architecture Programmer’s
Manual. See 1.2 [Reference Documents].
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Virtual Address Space
The processor supports 48 address bits of virtual memory space (256 terabyte) as indicated by CPUID
Fn8000_0008_EAX.
2.9.2
CPU Cores and Downcoring
Each node supports 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6 cores as follows:
• The number of cores supported by the node is specified by F3xE8[CmpCap].
• Cores may be downcored (removed) by F3x190[DisCore[5:0]]. Based on F3xE8[CmpCap], DisCore[0]
applies to a single-core node; DisCore[1:0] apply to a dual-core node; DisCore[2:0] apply to a 3-core node;
DisCore[3:0] apply to a 4-core node; DisCore[4:0] apply to a 5-core node; DisCore[5:0] apply to a 6-core
node.
• F3x190[DisCore] affects CPUID Fn8000_0008_ECX[NC].
• Software is required to use F3x190[DisCore[5:0]] as follows:
• 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6 cores must be enabled on each node (0-core configurations are not allowed).
• For dual-node processors, the number of cores enabled in each internal node must be the same. See
F3xE8[IntNodeNum] for how to identify the internal nodes in a dual-node processor. The specific cores
enabled in each internal node do not need to be the same, only the total number of cores in each internal
node.
• BIOS should configure all processors in a system to have the same number of enabled cores.
• Setting bits corresponding to cores that are not present results in undefined behavior.
• Once a core has been removed, it cannot be added back without a cold reset.
• If the number of cores in the system is changed, then F0x60[CpuCnt[4:0]] and F0x160[CpuCnt[7:5]] in
all nodes must be updated to reflect the new value after the warm reset.
• BIOS should configure MSRC001_102A[ThrottleNbInterface] to reflect the number of enabled cores.
• The core number, CpuCoreNum, is provided to SW running on each core through CPUID
Fn0000_0001_EBX[LocalApicId] and APIC20[ApicId], formatted based on the state of
MSRC001_001F[InitApicIdCpuIdLo]; CpuCoreNum also affects F0x68[Cpu1En] and F0x168[Cpu5En,
Cpu4En, Cpu3En and Cpu2En]. CpuCoreNum, varies as the lowest integers from 0 to 5, based on the number of enabled cores; e.g., a 4-core node with 1 core disabled results in cores reporting CpuCoreNum values
of 0, 1, and 2 regardless of which core is disabled. The boot core is always the core reporting CpuCoreNum=0.
• In dual-node processors, the CpuCoreNum assignments are described below. NC is the number of cores in
the processor as specified by CPUID Fn8000_0008_ECX[NC].
• For the BSP, cores 0 through (NC+1)/2-1 are assigned to the node where F0x60[NodeId]=0h. Cores
(NC+1)/2 through NC are assigned to the node where F0x60[NodeId]=1h. NC is specified by CPUID
Fn8000_0008_ECX[NC].
• For APs, cores 0 through (NC+1)/2-1 are assigned to internal node 0 and cores (NC+1)/2 through NC are
assigned to internal node 1. F3xE8[IntNodeNum] specifies the internal node number.
• In dual-node processors, MSRC001_001F[InitApicIdCpuIdLo] provides F0x60[NodeId[2:1]]. The full
NodeId is provided in MSRC001_100C.
Some legacy operating systems do not support three core or six core processors. The BIOS should support a
user configurable option to disable one core in a three core processor or two cores in a six core processor for
legacy operating system support.
2.9.3
Access Type Determination
The access type determination and destination affects routing specified in section 2.6.4 [Northbridge Routing].
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Memory Access to the Physical Address Space
All memory accesses to the physical address space from a core are sent to its associated Northbridge (NB). All
memory accesses from an IO link are routed through the NB. An IO link access to physical address space indicates to the NB the cache attribute (Coherent or Non-coherent, based on bit[0] of the Sized Read and Write
commands).
A core access to physical address space has two important attributes that the CPU must determine before issuing the access to the NB: the cache attribute (e.g., WB, WC, UC; as described in the MTRRs) and the access
destination (DRAM or MMIO).
2.9.3.1.1
Determining The Cache Attribute
1. The CPU translates the logical address to a physical address. In that process it determines the initial cache
attribute based on the settings of the Page Table Entry PAT bits, [The MTRR Default Memory Type Register (MTRRdefType)] MSR0000_02FF, [The Variable-Size MTRRs (MTRRphysBasen and MTRRphysMaskn)] MSR0000_02[0F:00], and [The Fixed-Size MTRRs (MTRRfixn)] MSR0000_02[6F:68, 59, 58,
50].
2. The ASeg and TSeg SMM mechanisms are then checked in parallel to determine if the initial cache attribute should be overridden (see [The SMM TSeg Base Address Register (SMMAddr)] MSRC001_0112
and [The SMM TSeg Mask Register (SMMMask)] MSRC001_0113). If the address falls within an
enabled ASeg/TSeg region, then the final cache attribute is determined as specified in MSRC001_0113.
This mechanism is managed by the BIOS and does not require any setup or changes by system software.
2.9.3.1.2
Determining The Access Destination for CPU Accesses
The access destination, DRAM or MMIO, is based on the highest priority of the following ranges that the
access falls in:
1. (Lowest priority) Compare against the top-of memory (TOM) registers (see MSRC001_001A, and
MSRC001_001D).
2. The IORRs (see MSRC001_00[18, 16] and MSRC001_00[19, 17]).
3. [The Fixed-Size MTRRs (MTRRfixn)] MSR0000_02[6F:68, 59, 58, 50].
4. TSEG & ASEG (see MSRC001_0112 and MSRC001_0113).
5. (Highest priority) NB AGP aperture range registers.
To determine the access destination, the following steps are taken:
1. The CPU compares the address against [The Top Of Memory Register (TOP_MEM)] MSRC001_001A,
and [The Top Of Memory 2 Register (TOM2)] MSRC001_001D, to determine if the default access destination is DRAM or MMIO space.
2. The CPU then compares the address against the IORRs (MSRC001_00[18, 16] and MSRC001_00[19,
17]); if it matches, the default access destination is overridden as specified by the IORRs. BIOS can use the
IORRs to create an IO hole within a range of addresses that would normally be mapped to DRAM. It can
also use the IORRs to re-assert a DRAM destination for a range of addresses that fall within a bigger IO
hole that overlays DRAM. Some key points to consider:
a) Operating system software never needs to program IORRs to re-map addresses that naturally target DRAM; any such programming is done by the BIOS.
b) The IORRs should not cover the range used for the AGP aperture if the GART logic in the NB is
enabled.
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c) The IORRs should be programmed to cover the AGP aperture if the aperture/GART translation is
handled by an IO device (e.g., the chipset).
3. For addresses below 1M byte, the address is then compared against the appropriate Fixed MTRRs to override the default access destination. Each fixed MTRR includes two bits, RdDram and WrDram, that determine the destination based on the access type. See MSR0000_02[6F:68, 59, 58, 50].
4. The ASeg and TSeg SMM mechanisms are then checked in parallel to determine if the destination should
be overridden (see MSRC001_0112 and MSRC001_0113). If the address falls within an enabled
ASeg/TSeg region, then the destination is determined as specified in MSRC001_0113.
This mechanism is managed by the BIOS and does not require any setup or changes by system software.
Note: BIOS must ensure that when it makes IO cacheable, IO devices in the cacheable region will respond correctly to cacheable requests. If this requirement cannot be met, BIOS must protect these IO regions from
cacheable requests. The recommended method is to make them not cacheable.
2.9.4
Timers
Each core includes the following timers. These timers do not vary in frequency regardless of the current P-state
or C-state.
• [The Time Stamp Counter Register (TSC)] MSR0000_0010; the TSC increments at the rate specified by
MSRC001_0015[TscFreqSel].
• The APIC timer (APIC380 and APIC390), which counts at the rate of CLKIN; the APIC timer may count in
units of between 1 and 8. During C1E, the APIC timer is imprecise if F3x80[NbLowPwrEn]=1 and
F3xD4[NbClkDiv] is non-zero.
2.9.5
2.9.5.1
APIC
ApicId Enumeration Requirements
System hardware and BIOS must ensure that the number of cores per processor (NC) exposed to the operating
system by all tables, registers, and instructions across all cores and processors in the system is identical.
See2.15.1 [Multi-Core Support] to derive NC.
Operating systems are expected to use CPUID Fn8000_0008_ECX[ApicIdCoreIdSize[3:0]], the number of
least significant bits in the Initial APIC ID that indicate core ID within a processor, in constructing per-core
CPUID masks. (ApicIdCoreIdSize[3:0] determines the maximum number of cores (MNC) that the processor
could theoretically support, not the actual number of cores that are actually implemented or enabled on the processor, as indicated by CPUID Fn8000_0008_ECX[NC].) BIOS must use the ApicId MNC rule when assigning [The APIC ID Register] APIC20[ApicId] values as described below.
ApicId MNC rule: The ApicId of core j on processor i must be enumerated/assigned as:
ApicId[proc=i, core=j] = (OFFSET_IDX + i) * MNC + j
Where OFFSET_IDX is an integer offset (0 to N) used to shift up the CPU ApicId values to allow room for
IOAPIC devices.
It is recommended that BIOS use the following APIC ID assignments for the broadest operating system support. Given N = (Number_Of_Processors * MNC) and M = Number_Of_IOAPICs:
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• If (N+M) <16, assign the local (core) ApicId’s first from 0 to N-1, and the IOAPIC IDs from N to N+(M-1).
• If (N+M) > =16, assign the IOAPIC IDs first from 0 to M-1, and the local (core) ApicId’s from K to K+(N1), where K is an integer multiple of MNC greater than M-1.
For example, consider a 3 processor system where each processor has 3 cores and there are 8 IOAPIC devices.
Each core can support an 8-bit ApicId. But if each IOAPIC device supports only a 4-bit IOAPIC ID, then the
problem can be solved by shifting the CPU ApicId space to start at some integer multiple of MNC, such as offset 8 (MNC = 4; OFFSET_IDX=2):
ApicId[proc=0,core=0] = (2+0)*4 + 0 = 0x08
ApicId[proc=0,core=1] = (2+0)*4 + 1 = 0x09
ApicId[proc=0,core=2] = (2+0)*4 + 2 = 0x0A
ApicId[proc=1,core=0] = (2+1)*4 + 0 = 0x0C
ApicId[proc=1,core=1] = (2+1)*4 + 1 = 0x0D
ApicId[proc=1,core=2] = (2+1)*4 + 2 = 0x0E
ApicId[proc=2,core=0] = (2+2)*4 + 0 = 0x10
ApicId[proc=2,core=1] = (2+2)*4 + 1 = 0x11
ApicId[proc=2,core=2] = (2+2)*4 + 2 = 0x12
2.10 Thermal Functions
Thermal functions HTC, STC and THERMTRIP are intended to maintain processors temperature in a valid
range by:
• Providing an input to the external circuitry that controls cooling.
• Lowering power consumption by switching to lower-performance P-state or.
• Sending processor to the THERMTRIP state to prevent it from damage.
The processor thermal-related circuitry includes (1) the temperature calculation circuit (TCC) for determining
the temperature of the processor and (2) logic that uses the temperature from the TCC. The processor includes
a thermal diode as well.
2.10.1
The Tctl Temperature Scale
Tctl is the processor temperature control value, used by the platform to control cooling systems. Tctl is accessible through SB-TSI and F3xA4[CurTmp]. Tctl is a non-physical temperature on an arbitrary scale measured in
degrees. It does not represent an actual physical temperature like die or case temperature. Instead, it specifies
the processor temperature relative to the point at which the system must supply the maximum cooling for the
processor’s specified maximum case temperature and maximum thermal power dissipation. It is defined as follows for all parts:
• For Tctl = 0 to Tctl_max - 0.125: the temperature of the part is [Tctl_max - Tctl] degrees under the temperature for which maximum cooling is required.
• For Tctl = Tctl_max to 255.875: the temperature of the part is [Tctl - Tctl_max] degrees over the worst-case
expected temperature under normal conditions. The processor may take corrective actions that affects performance or operation as a result, such as invoking HTC or THERMTRIP_L.
2.10.2
Thermal Diode
The thermal diode is a diode connected to the THERMDA and THERMDC pins used for thermal measurements. External devices use measurements from the thermal diode measurements to calculate temperature during operation and test. These measurements are required to be adjusted as specified by F3xE4[DiodeOffset].
This diode offset supports temperature sensors using two sourcing currents only. Other sourcing current implementations are not compatible with the diode offset and are not supported. A correction to the offset may be
required for temperature sensors using other current sourcing methods. Contact the temperature sensor vendor
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to determine whether an offset correction is needed. Feature support varies by package. See the Infrastructure
Roadmap.
2.10.3
Temperature-Driven Logic
The temperature calculated by the TCC is used by HTC, STC, THERMTRIP, and the PROCHOT signal.
2.10.3.1
PROCHOT_L and Hardware Thermal Control (HTC)
The processor HTC-active state is characterized by (1) the assertion of PROCHOT_L, (2) reduced power consumption, and (3) reduced performance. While in the HTC-active state, the processor reduces power consumption by limiting all cores to a P-state (specified by F3x64[HtcPstateLimit]). See 2.4.2 [P-states]. While in the
HTC-active state, software should not change F3x64 (except for HtcActSts and HtcEn). Any change to the previous list of fields when in the HTC-active state can result in undefined behavior. HTC status and control is
provided through F3x64.
The PROCHOT_L pin acts as both an input and as an open-drain output. As an output, PROCHOT_L is driven
low to indicate that the HTC-active state has been entered due to an internal condition, as described by the following text. The minimum assertion and deassertion time for PROCHOT_L is 15 ns.
The processor enters the HTC-active state if all of the following conditions are true:
• F3xE8[HtcCapable]=1
• F3x64[HtcEn]=1
• PWROK=1
• THERMTRIP_L=1
• The processor is not in the C3 ACPI state.
and any of the following conditions are true:
• Tctl is greater than or equal to the HTC temperature limit (F3x64[HtcTmpLmt]).
• PROCHOT_L=0
The processor exits the HTC-active state when all of the following are true:
• Tctl is less than the HTC temperature limit (F3x64[HtcTmpLmt]).
• Tctl has become less than the HTC temperature limit (F3x64[HtcTmpLmt]) minus the HTC hysteresis
limit (F3x64[HtcHystLmt]) since being greater than or equal to the HTC temperature limit (F3x64[HtcTmpLmt]).
• PROCHOT_L=1.
The default value of the HTC temperature threshold (Tctl_max) is specified in the Power and Thermal Datasheet.
2.10.3.2
Software Thermal Control (STC)
STC is controlled by [The Software Thermal Control (STC) Register] F3x68. This register provides a software-controlled mechanism to alter power consumption based on temperature. When the processor control
temperature (Tctl; see 2.10.1 [The Tctl Temperature Scale]) exceeds the temperature threshold specified by
F3x68[StcTmpLmt], then the processor enters the STC thermal zone. When it subsequently drops below
F3x68[StcTmpLmt] minus F3x68[StcHystLmt], the processor exits the STC thermal zone. F3x68 controls
whether interrupts or special bus cycles (which may be converted into interrupts by the chipset) are generated
when the processor transitions into and out of the STC thermal zone. The interrupt handler may take an action
to alter power consumption or alter the level of external cooling.
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One way that software may reduce power is to program the processor to enter the STC-active state. This is like
the HTC-active state, however PROCHOT_L is not asserted. The processor enters the STC-active state if
F3x68[StcPstateEn]=1. While in the STC-active state, the processor limits the performance to the P-state specified by [The Software Thermal Control (STC) Register] F3x68[StcPstateLimit]; See 2.4.2 [P-states].
2.10.3.3
THERMTRIP
If the processor supports the THERMTRIP state (as specified by [The Thermtrip Status Register] F3xE4[ThermtpEn] or CPUID Fn8000_0007[TTP], which are the same) and the temperature approaches the point at which
the processor may be damaged, the processor enters the THERMTRIP state. The THERMTRIP function is
enabled after cold reset (after PWROK asserts and RESET_L deasserts). It remains enabled in all other processor states, except during warm reset (while RESET_L is asserted). The THERMTRIP state is characterized as
follows:
•
•
•
•
The THERMTRIP_L signal is asserted.
Nearly all clocks are gated off to reduce dynamic power.
A low-value VID is generated.
In addition, the external chipset is expected to place the system into the S5 ACPI state (power off) if
THERMTRIP_L is detected to be asserted.
A cold reset is required to exit the THERMTRIP state.
2.11 Configuration Space
PCI-defined configuration space was originally defined to allow up to 256 bytes of register space for each
function of each device; these first 256 bytes are called base configuration space (BCS). It was expanded to
support up to 4096 bytes per function; bytes 256 through 4095 are called extended configuration space (ECS).
The processor includes configuration space registers located in both BCS and ECS. Processor configuration
space is accessed through bus 0, devices 24 to 31, where device 24 corresponds to node 0 and device 31 corresponds to node 7. See 2.11.3 [Processor Configuration Space] for more information on processor configuration
space.
Configuration space is accessed by the processor through two methods:
• IO-space configuration: IO instructions to addresses CF8h and CFCh.
• Enabled through [The IO-Space Configuration Address Register] IOCF8[ConfigEn], which allows
access to BCS.
• Access to ECS enabled through [The Northbridge Configuration Register (NB_CFG)]
MSRC001_001F[EnableCf8ExtCfg].
• Only PCI-defined segment 0 is accessible.
• Use of IO-space configuration can be programmed to generate GP faults through [The Hardware Configuration Register (HWCR)] MSRC001_0015[IoCfgGpFault].
• SMI trapping for these accesses is specified by [The IO Trap Control Register
(SMI_ON_IO_TRAP_CTL_STS)] MSRC001_0054 and [The IO Trap Registers
(SMI_ON_IO_TRAP_[3:0])] MSRC001_00[53:50].
• MMIO configuration: configuration space is a region of memory space.
• The base address and size of this range is specified by [The MMIO Configuration Base Address Register] MSRC001_0058. The size is controlled by the number of configuration-space bus numbers supported by the system. Accesses to this range are converted to configuration space accesses as follows:
• Address[31:0] = {0h, bus[7:0], device[4:0], function[2:0], offset[11:0]}.
The BIOS may use either configuration space access mechanism during boot. Before booting the OS, BIOS
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must disable IO access to ECS, enable MMIO configuration and build an ACPI defined MCFG table. BIOS
ACPI code must use MMIO to access configuration space.
See 2.6.4.1.3 [Configuration Space] for details on configuration space routing.
2.11.1
MMIO Configuration Coding Requirements
MMIO configuration space is normally specified to be the uncacheable (UC) memory type. Instructions used
to read MMIO configuration space are required to take the following form:
mov eax/ax/al, <any_address_mode>;
Instructions used to write MMIO configuration space are required to take the following form:
mov <any_address_mode>, eax/ax/al;
No other source/target registers may be use other than eax/ax/al.
In addition, all such accesses are required not to cross any naturally aligned DW boundary. Access to MMIO
configuration space registers that do not meet these requirements result in undefined behavior.
2.11.2
MMIO Configuration Ordering
Since MMIO configuration cycles are not serializing in the way that IO configuration cycles are, their ordering
rules relative to posted may result in unexpected behavior.
Therefore, processor MMIO configuration space is designed to match the following ordering relationship that
exists naturally with IO-space configuration: if a CPU generates a configuration cycle followed by a postedwrite cycle, then the posted write is held in the processor until the configuration cycle completes. As a result,
any unexpected behavior that might have resulted if the posted-write cycle were to pass MMIO configuration
cycle is avoided.
2.11.3
Processor Configuration Space
The processor includes configuration space as described in section 3 [Registers]. Accesses to unimplemented
registers of implemented functions are ignored: writes dropped; reads return 0’s. Accesses to unimplemented
functions are also ignored: writes are dropped; however, reads return all F’s. The processor does not log any
master abort events for accesses to unimplemented registers or functions.
Accesses to device numbers of non-existent processors (e.g., device 25 of a single-node system) are routed
based on the configuration map registers. If such requests are master aborted, then the processor can log the
event.
2.12 RAS and Advanced Server Features
This section applies reliability, availability, and serviceability, or RAS, and related advanced server considerations.
2.12.1
Machine Check Architecture
The processor contains logic and registers to detect, log, and (if possible) correct errors in the data or control
paths in each core and the Northbridge.
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Refer to the AMD64 Architecture Programmer's Manual for an architectural overview and methods for determining the processor’s level of MCA support. See 1.2 [Reference Documents].
2.12.1.1
Machine Check Registers
The presence of the machine check registers is indicated by CPUID Fn[8000_0001, 0000_0001]_EDX[MCA].
The ability of hardware to generate a machine check exception upon an error is indicated by CPUID
Fn[8000_0001, 0000_0001]_EDX[MCE].
The machine check register set includes:
• Global status and control registers:
• [The Global Machine Check Capabilities Register (MCG_CAP)] MSR0000_0179
• [The Global Machine Check Status Register (MCG_STAT)] MSR0000_017A
• [The Global Machine Check Exception Reporting Control Register (MCG_CTL)] MSR0000_017B
• Most of the machine check MSRs are organized as a 4-register-type by 6-register-bank matrix.
• The four register types are:
• MCi_CTL, The Machine Check Control Register: Enables error reporting via machine check exception (MCE). The MCi_CTL register in each bank must be enabled by the corresponding enable bit in
MCG_CTL (MSR0000_017B).
• MCi_STATUS: The Machine Check Status Register: Logs information associated with errors.
• MCi_ADDR: The Machine Check Address Register: Logs address information associated with
errors.
• MCi_MISC: The Machine Check Miscellaneous Registers: Log miscellaneous information associated with errors, as defined by each error type.
• The six error-reporting register banks supported are:
• MC0, DC: MSR0000_04[03:00], data cache machine check registers.
• MC1, IC: MSR0000_04[07:04], instruction cache machine check registers.
• MC2, BU: MSR0000_04[0B:08], bus unit machine check registers.
• MC3, LS: MSR0000_04[0F:0C], load-store machine check registers.
• MC4, NB: MSR0000_04[13:10], Northbridge machine check registers. The NB MC registers also
include MSRC000_04[0A:08]. These MSRs are accessible from configuration space as well.
• MC5, FR: MSR00000_04[17:14], fixed-issue reorder buffer machine check registers.
Once system software has determined that machine check registers exist via the CPUID instruction,
MSR0000_0179 may be read to determine how many machine check banks are implemented and if [The
Global Machine Check Exception Reporting Control Register (MCG_CTL)] MSR0000_017B is present.
Table 72 identifies the addresses associated with each MCA register.
Table 72: MCA register cross-reference table
Register
Bank
(MCi)
MCA Register
CTL
STATUS
ADDR
MISC
CTL_MASK
MSRC001_00[49:44]
MC0
MSR0000_0400 MSR0000_0401 MSR0000_0402 MSR0000_0403
MSRC001_0044
MC1
MSR0000_0404 MSR0000_0405 MSR0000_0406 MSR0000_0407
MSRC001_0045
MC2
MSR0000_0408 MSR0000_0409 MSR0000_040A MSR0000_040B
MSRC001_0046
MC3
MSR0000_040C MSR0000_040D MSR0000_040E MSR0000_040F
MSRC001_0047
MC4
MSR0000_0410 MSR0000_0411 MSR0000_0412 MSR0000_0413
MSRC001_0048
MSRC000_04[0A:08]
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Table 72: MCA register cross-reference table
Register
Bank
(MCi)
MC5
MCA Register
CTL
STATUS
ADDR
MISC
MSR0000_0414 MSR0000_0415 MSR0000_0416 MSR0000_0417
CTL_MASK
MSRC001_00[49:44]
MSRC001_0049
Correctable and uncorrectable errors that are enabled in MCi_CTL are logged in MCi_STATUS and
MCi_ADDR as they occur. Uncorrectable errors immediately result in a Machine Check exception. For the
NB, some errors only increment a counter in MC4_MISC, which may trigger an interrupt (see 2.12.1.6 [Error
Thresholding]).
Each MCi_CTL register must be enabled by the corresponding enable bit in [The Global Machine Check
Exception Reporting Control Register (MCG_CTL)] MSR0000_017B.
Additionally, [The Machine Check Control Mask Registers (MCi_CTL_MASK)] MSRC001_00[49:44] allow
BIOS to mask the presence of any error source enables from software for test and debug. When error sources
are masked, it is as if the error was not detected. Such masking consequently prevents error responses.
Each register bank implements a number of machine check miscellaneous registers, denoted as MCi_MISCj,
where j goes from 0 to a maximum of 8. The presence of valid information in the first MCi_MISC register
(MCi_MISC0) is indicated by MCi_STATUS[MiscV], and in subsequent registers by MCi_MISCj[Valid]. If
there is more than one MCi_MISC register in a given bank, a non-zero value in MCi_MISC0[BlkPtr] points to
the contiguous block of additional registers.
2.12.1.2
Machine Check Errors
There are two classes of machine check errors defined:
• Correctable: errors that can be corrected by hardware or microcode and cause no loss of data or corruption of
processor state.
• Uncorrectable: errors that cannot be corrected by hardware or microcode and may have caused the loss of
data or corruption of processor state.
Correctable errors are always corrected (unless disabled by implementation-specific bits in control registers for
test or debug reasons). If they are enabled for logging, the status and address registers in the corresponding register bank are written with information that identifies the source of the error.
Uncorrectable errors, if enabled for logging, update the status and address registers, and if enabled for reporting, cause a machine check exception. If there is information in the status and address registers from a previous
correctable error, it is overwritten. If an uncorrectable error is not enabled for logging, the error is ignored.
The implications of the two main categories of errors are (shown with a non-exhaustive list of examples):
1. Corrected error; the problem was dealt with.
• Operationally (error handling), no action needs to be taken, because program flow is unaffected.
• Diagnostically (fault management), software may collect information to determine if any components
should be de-configured or serviced.
• Examples include:
• Correctable ECC, corrected online.
2. Uncorrected error; the problem was not dealt with.
• Operationally (error handling), action does need to be taken, because program flow is affected.
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• Diagnostically (fault management), software may collect information to determine if and what components should be de-configured or serviced.
• Examples include:
• Uncorrectable ECC, no way to avoid passing it to process.
Machine check conditions can be simulated by using MSRC001_0015[McStatusWrEn]. This is useful for
debugging machine check handlers.
For revision D and later, F3x180[ChgUcToCeEn] can be used to convert NB uncorrectable errors to correctable errors for debug observability.
2.12.1.2.1
Machine Check Error Logging and Reporting
An error is considered enabled for logging if all of the following are true:
• The global enable for the corresponding error-reporting bank in [The Global Machine Check Exception
Reporting Control Register (MCG_CTL)] MSR0000_017B is set to 1.
• The corresponding mask bit for the error in [The Machine Check Control Mask Registers
(MCi_CTL_MASK)] MSRC001_00[49:44] is cleared to 0.
An error is considered enabled for reporting if all of the following are true:
• The error is enabled for logging.
• The corresponding enable bit for the error in MCi_CTL is set to 1.
A machine check exception will be generated if all the following are true:
• The error is enabled for reporting.
• CR4.MCE is enabled (and no other model-specific configuration settings prevent machine check exception);
see AMD64 Architecture Programmer's Manual Volume 2: System Programming.
Notes:
1. If error reporting is enabled but CR4.MCE is disabled, a reportable error will cause the system to enter
shutdown.
2. If error reporting is disabled, the setting of CR4.MCE has no effect.
2.12.1.2.2
Error Overflow
During error overflow conditions (see MSR0000_0401[Over] and MSR0000_0411[Over]), an error which has
already been logged in the status register may be overwritten.
Table 73 indicates which errors are overwritten in the MC0 and MC4 error status registers. Table 74 indicates
which errors are overwritten in the MC1, MC2, MC3, and MC5 error status registers.
Table 73: MC0 and MC4 Overwrite Priorities
Older Error
Younger
Error
Uncorrectable
Correctable
Enabled
Disabled
Enabled
Disabled
Uncorrectable
Enabled
Disabled
Overwrite
Overwrite
Overwrite
Overwrite
Correctable
Enabled
Disabled
Overwrite Overwrite
Overwrite Overwrite
Overwrite Overwrite
Overwrite Overwrite
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Table 74: MC1, MC2, MC3, and MC5 Overwrite Priorities
Older Error
Younger
Error
2.12.1.3
Uncorrectable
Correctable
Enabled
Disabled
Enabled
Disabled
Uncorrectable
Enabled
Disabled
Overwrite
Overwrite
Overwrite
Overwrite
Correctable
Enabled
Disabled
Overwrite Overwrite
Overwrite Overwrite
Overwrite
Overwrite
MCA Initialization
For the fundamentals of MCA initialization, refer to AMD64 Architecture Programmer's Manual Volume 2:
System Programming. (See 1.2 [Reference Documents].)
Enabling error reporting: It is normally the responsibility of the operating system to enable error reporting via
CR4.MCE, MCG_CTL, and the MCi_CTL registers (see 2.12.1.1 [Machine Check Registers]).
Masking error logging: When necessary, BIOS should mask undesired error logging via the MCi_CTL_MASK
registers (MSRC001_00[49:44]).
See 2.3.1 [BSP initialization] and 2.3.2 [AP initialization] for additional requirements based on reset type.
A BIOS that wants to ensure reliable operation in the event that a machine check occurs during POST may perform the requirements outlined in AMD64 Architecture Programmer's Manual Volume 2: System Programming, writing MCG_CTL with all ones to enable logging, and writing zeros into each MCi_CTL to prevent
reporting. With these settings, a machine check error will result in MCi_STATUS being written without generating a machine check exception or a system shutdown. BIOS may then poll MCi_STATUS during critical sections of POST to ensure system integrity. Before passing control to the operating system, BIOS should restore
the values of those registers to what the operating system is expecting. Alternatively, the BIOS may perform
the requirements outlined in AMD64 Architecture Programmer's Manual Volume 2: System Programming
except for setting CR4.MCE. This will result in a system shutdown on any machine check which would have
caused a machine check exception (followed by a reboot if configured in the chipset).
Before ECC memory has been initialized with valid ECC check bits, BIOS must ensure that no memory operations are initiated if MCA reporting is enabled. This includes memory operations that may be initiated by hardware prefetching or other speculative execution. It is recommended that, until all of memory has been
initialized with valid ECC check bits, the BIOS either does not have any valid MTRRs specifying a DRAM
memory type or does not enable DRAM ECC machine check exceptions.
2.12.1.4
Handling Machine Check Exceptions
Machine check exceptions are used to report hardware errors to software.
At a minimum, the machine check handler must be capable of logging errors for later examination. The handler
should log as much information as is needed to diagnose the error.
More thorough exception handler implementations can analyze errors to determine if each error is recoverable
at the system level. If a recoverable error is identified, the exception handler can attempt to correct the error
and restart the interrupted program. An error may not be recoverable by hardware, but may still be recoverable
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by software. Also an error may not be recoverable for the process or virtual machine it directly affects, but may
be containable, so that other processes or virtual machines in the system are unaffected and system operation is
recovered.
Machine check exception handlers that attempt to recover must be thorough in their analysis and the corrective
actions they take. The following guidelines should be used when writing such a handler:
• Data collection:
• All status registers in the error-reporting banks must be examined to identify the cause of the machine
check exception.
• Read MSR0000_0179[Count] to determine the number of status registers visible to each core. The
status registers are numbered from 0 to one less than the value found in MSR0000_0179[Count]. For
example, if the Count field indicates five status registers are supported, they are numbered
MC0_STATUS to MC4_STATUS.
• Check the valid bit in each status register (MCi_STATUS[Val]). The remainder of the MCi_STATUS
register does not need to be examined when its valid bit is clear.
• When identifying the error condition, portable exception handlers should examine
MCi_STATUS[Error Code] and [ErrorCodeExt].
• Error handlers should collect all available MCA information (status register, address register, miscellaneous register, etc.), but should only interrogate details to the level which affects their actions.
Lower level details may be useful for diagnosis and root cause analysis, but not for error handling.
• Recovery
• Check the valid MCi_STATUS registers to see if error recovery is possible. Error recovery is not possible when:
• The processor context corrupt indicator (MCi_STATUS[PCC]) is set to 1.
• The error overflow status indicator (MCi_STATUS[Over]) is set to 1. This indicates that more than
one machine check error has occurred, but only one error is reported by the status register. This condition precludes recovery only when status for an uncorrectable error (UC) has been lost. See
2.12.1.2.2 [Error Overflow] for situations in which UC error status can be lost by being overwritten.
If the configuration is such that UC errors cannot be overwritten, then the overflow condition is not
fatal.
If error recovery is not possible, the handler should log the error information and return to the operating
system.
• Check MCi_STATUS[UC] to see if the processor corrected the error. If UC is set, the processor did not
correct the error, and the exception handler must correct the error prior to attempting to restart the interrupted program. If the handler cannot correct the error, it should log the error information and return to
the operating system.
• If MSR0000_017A[RIPV] is set, the interrupted program can be restarted reliably at the instruction
pointer address pushed onto the exception handler stack. If RIPV is clear, the interrupted program cannot
be restarted reliably, although it may be possible to restart it for debugging purposes.
• When logging errors check MSR0000_017A[EIPV] to see if the instruction pointer address pushed onto
the exception handler stack is related to the machine check. If EIPV is clear, the address is not guaranteed to be related to the error.
• Exit
• When an exception handler is able to successfully log an error condition, clear the MCi_STATUS registers prior to exiting the machine check handler. Software is responsible for clearing at least
MCi_STATUS[Val].
• Prior to exiting the machine check handler, be sure to clear MSR0000_017A[MCIP]. MCIP indicates
that a machine check exception is in progress. If this bit is set when another machine check exception
occurs, the processor enters the shutdown state.
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Additional machine check handler portability can be added by having the handler use the CPUID instruction to
identify the processor and its capabilities. Implementation specific software can be added to the machine check
exception handler based on the processor information reported by CPUID.
A machine check exception cannot be relied on to stop the propagation of bad data. A sync flood should be
used for this purpose where recommended.
2.12.1.5
Error Diagnosis
This section describes generalized information and algorithms for diagnosing errors. The primary goal of diagnosis is to identify the failing component for repair purposes. The secondary goal is to identify the smallest
possible sub-component for de-allocation, de-configuration, or design/manufacturing root cause analysis.
Indictment means identifying the part in error. The simplest form of indictment is self-indictment, where the
bank reporting the error is also the unit in error. The next simplest form of indictment is eyewitness indictment,
where the part in error is not the bank reporting the error, but is identified unambiguously. Both of these forms
can be considered direct indictment; the information for indictment is contained in the MCA error information.
If an error is not directly indicted, then identifying the part in error is more difficult and may not be an explicit
part of the error log.
In general, an address logged in the MCA is useful for direct indictment only if the address identifies the physical location in error, such as a DRAM address or a cache index. Logical addresses, while identifying the data,
do not identify the location of the data.
If possible, physical storage locations in DRAM or in caches should be checked to determine whether the error
is a soft error (a temporary upset of the stored value) or a hard fault (malfunctioning hardware). A location
which has had a soft error can be corrected by writing a new value to the location; a reread of the location
should see the new value. Hard faults cannot be corrected by writing a new value; the hardware persistently
returns the previous value. If such checking is not possible, a grossly simplifying assumption can be made that
uncorrectable errors are hard and correctable errors are soft. Repeated correctable errors from the same location are an indication that the fault is actually hard.
2.12.1.5.1
Common Diagnosis Information
A common set of diagnosis information is useful for many problems. Table 75 indicates the minimum set of
generally useful diagnostic information that should be collected by software, unless the specifics of the problem are known to be narrower, based on the error code or other information.
It is useful to collect configuration information to ensure that the behavior is not caused by mis-configuration.
Table 75: MCA Registers Commonly Used for Diagnosis
MCA
Bank
Status
Configuration
MC0
MSR0000_0401
MSR0000_0402
MSR0000_0403
MSR0000_0400
MSRC001_0044
MC1
MSR0000_0405
MSR0000_0406
MSR0000_0407
MSR0000_0404
MSRC001_0045
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Table 75: MCA Registers Commonly Used for Diagnosis
MCA
Bank
Status
Configuration
MC2
MSR0000_0409
MSR0000_040A
MSR0000_040B
MSR0000_0408
MSRC001_0046
MC3
MSR0000_040D
MSR0000_040E
MSR0000_040F
MSR0000_040C
MSRC001_0047
MC4
MSR0000_0411
MSR0000_0412
MSR0000_0413
MSRC000_04[0A:08]
F2xAC
MSR0000_0410
MSRC001_001F
MSRC001_0048
F3x44
F3xE4
F3xE8
F3x180
MC5
MSR0000_0415
MSR0000_0416
MSR0000_0417
MSR0000_0414
MSRC001_0049
If examining MCA registers after startup, determine the cause of the startup:
• INIT; F0x6C[InitDet].
• Cold reset; F0x6C[ColdRstDet].
• Warm reset; if not INIT or cold reset.
To see if a link failure occurred, examine F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][LinkFail]. If set, look for additional information:
• A sync flood saves a status of Sync Error in MC4_STATUS.
• CRC error saves a status of CRC Error in MC4_STATUS. See F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][CrcErr and
CrcFloodEn].
• Link not present does not save status in MC4_STATUS. See F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][InitComplete].
Other registers may be needed depending on the specific error symptoms.
2.12.1.6
Error Thresholding
For some types of errors, the hardware maintains counts of correctable and uncorrectable errors. When the
counter reaches a programmable threshold, an event may optionally be triggered to inform software. This is
known as error thresholding. The primary purpose of error thresholding is to help software recognize an excessive rate of correctable errors, which may be used as an indicator of marginal or failing hardware. This information can be used to make decisions about de-configuring hardware or scheduling service actions.
The error thresholding hardware reports only the number of errors; it is up to software to track the errors
reported over time in order to determine the rate of errors. Furthermore, thresholding gives error counts on
groups of resources. In order to make decisions on individual resources, a finer granularity of error information, such as MCA information for specific errors, must be utilized in order to obtain more accurate counts and
to limit the scope of actions to affected hardware.
Thresholding is performed for the following error threshold groups as identified in Table 93 on page 296. Note
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that for all error threshold groups, some number of correctable errors is expected and normal. There are numerous factors influencing error rates, including temperature, voltage, operating speed, and geographic location.In
order to accommodate the various factors, including software latency to respond and track the error thresholding, additional guardband above the normal rates is recommended before error rates are considered abnormal
for purposes of hardware action.
• DRAM
• Memory errors can be counted and reported via MSR0000_0413.
• Operating systems can avoid using memory pages with excessive errors.
• Spare memory can dynamically replace memory with excessive errors. See 2.8.12 [On-Line Spare].
• Links
• Link errors can be counted and reported via MSRC000_0408 (see MSRC000_04[0A:08]).
• For a link exhibiting excessive errors, it may be possible to reduce errors by lowering the link frequency
or reducing the link width (if a bad lane can be avoided). See 2.7 [Links] for details and restrictions on
configuring links.
• L3 cache
• L3 cache errors can be counted and reported via MSRC000_0409 (see MSRC000_04[0A:08]).
2.12.1.7
Scrub Rate Considerations
This section gives guidelines for the scrub rate settings available in [The Scrub Rate Control Register] F3x58.
Scrubbers are used to periodically read cacheline sized data locations and associated tags, correcting any correctable errors which are discovered before they can migrate into uncorrectable errors. This is particularly
important for soft errors, which are caused by external sources such as radiation and which are temporary conditions which do not indicate malfunctioning hardware. Scrubbers also help identify marginal or failed hardware by finding and logging repeated errors at the same locations (see also 2.12.1.6 [Error Thresholding]).
There are many factors which influence scrub rates. Among these are:
• The size of memory or cache to be scrubbed
• Resistance to upsets
• Geographic location and altitude
• Alpha particle contribution of packaging
• Performance sensitivity
• Risk aversion
For steady state operation, finding a range of useful scrub rates may be done by selecting a scrub rate which is
high enough to give good confidence about protection from accumulating errors and low enough that it has no
measurable effect on performance. The below baselines are made to maximize error coverage without affecting
performance and not based on specific processor soft error rates. Refer to JEDEC standards for guidelines on
adjusting for geographic location.
Table 76: Recommended Scrub Rates per Node
Register
Memory Size per Node Register Setting Scrub Rate
(GB)
F3x58[DcacheScrub]
12h
5.24 ms
F3x58[L2Scrub]
10h
1.31 ms
F3x58[L3Scrub]
10h
1.31 ms
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Table 76: Recommended Scrub Rates per Node
Register
Memory Size per Node Register Setting
(GB)
F3x58[DramScrub]
0
00h
0 GB < size <= 1 GB
12h
1 GB < size <= 2 GB
11h
2 GB < size <= 4 GB
10h
4 GB < size <= 8GB
0Fh
8 GB < size <= 16 GB
0Eh
16 GB < size
0Dh
Scrub Rate
Disabled
5.24 ms
2.62 ms
1.31 ms
655.4 us
327.7 us
163.8 us
For low power states in which the processor core is halted, the power management configuration may affect
scrubbing; see 2.6.6 [Memory Scrubbers] for details
2.12.1.8
Error Injection and Simulation
Error injection allows the introduction of errors into the system for test and debug purposes. See the following
sections for error injection details:
• Links: F0x[14C:130], F3x44
Error simulation involves creating the appearance to software that an error occurred. This is done by manually
setting the MCA registers with desired values (see MSRC001_0015[McStatusWrEn]), and then driving the
software via INT18. McStatusWrEn can be used to debug machine check interrupt handlers. When McStatusWrEn is set, privileged software can write non-zero values to the specified registers without generating exceptions, and then simulate a machine check using the INT18 instruction (INTn instruction with an operand of 18).
Setting a reserved bit in these registers does not generate an exception when this mode is enabled. However,
setting a reserved bit may result in undefined behavior.
2.12.2
DRAM Considerations for ECC
DRAM is protected against errors by an error correcting code (ECC). The capabilities of the ECC depend on
how the ECC symbols are mapped to the physical DRAM devices.
There are two different error correcting codes supported by the memory controller. Both DRAM error correcting codes are 128/16 (data bits/check bits) BCH codes. The primary difference between them is the symbol
size; one code uses 8-bit symbols, and the other uses 4-bit symbols. A symbol is a group of bits which are symbol-size aligned; the x8 code uses 8-bit symbols which are 8-bit aligned, and the x4 code uses 4-bit symbols
which are 4-bit aligned. For the x8 code, bits 0–7 make symbol 0, bits 8-15 make symbol 1, and so on. For the
x4 code, bits 0–3 make symbol 0, bits 4–7 make symbol 1, and so on. For Revision C and earlier revisions,
only the x4 code is available. For Revision D and later, both x4 and x8 codes are available, and one must be
selected during configuration by setting F3x180[EccSymbolSize].
A single symbol error is any bit error combination within one symbol. Both of these ECC codes are able to
detect and correct any number of incorrect bits in a single symbol, to detect any number of incorrect bits in two
separate symbols, and may detect errors in more than two symbols depending on the position of corrupted symbols. (The x4 code is able to detect 100% of errors in two symbols. The x8 code is able to detect
99.99999963% of errors in two symbols.)
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
ECC has different characteristics depending on the physical configuration of the memory, including DRAM
device width, ganged vs. unganged DRAM modes, and multi-beat interleaving.
• DRAM device width refers to the number of bits sourced simultaneously from a single memory chip. For
example, a x4 DRAM device provides 4 bits in a single beat.
• Ganged refers to the use of both DRAM controllers within a memory controller acting in concert to
access memory. Unganged mode uses only a single DRAM controller for each memory access, and
therefore reads multiple beats from the same DRAM devices. See 2.8.5 [Ganged or Unganged Mode
Considerations].
• Multi-beat interleaving refers to the way bits from the different memory beats are organized to form an
ECC line. See 2.12.2.1 [Multi-Beat Interleaving for Unganged Mode].
In certain configurations (see Table 77), the ECC provides “chipkill” functionality; all single symbol errors
caused by a failed DRAM device are corrected. When a DRAM device fails, the code is able to correct the
entire lost symbol, as long as there are no other symbols with errors. In cases where the symbol size is smaller
than the DRAM device width, DRAM device failures result in multiple symbol errors, and cannot be corrected.
For an indication of the current hardware settings regarding chipkill, see F3x44[ChipKillEccCap].
Table 77: Configuration Specific Recommended ECC Symbol Size
Revision
DRAM
Width1
C and
earlier
x4
> x4
RecomError Description
mended Symbol Size3
Unganged
x4
The failure of a DRAM device results in errors to two
symbols, and can be detected but cannot be corrected.
Ganged
The failure of a DRAM device results in an error to a single symbol and can be corrected (chipkill).
Unganged
The failure of a DRAM device results in errors to multiple
symbols, and can be detected with a high probability but
cannot be corrected.
Ganged
The failure of a DRAM device results in errors to multiple
symbols and cannot be corrected. Failure of a x8 device
can be detected with 100% probability, since exactly two
symbols are affected.
DCT Mode2
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table 77: Configuration Specific Recommended ECC Symbol Size
Revision
DRAM
Width1
RecomError Description
mended Symbol Size3
D
x4
Unganged
x8
The failure of a DRAM device results in errors to one
symbol, and can be corrected (chipkill).
Ganged
x4
The failure of a DRAM device results in an error to a single symbol and can be corrected (chipkill).
x8
Unganged
x8
The failure of a DRAM device results in errors to two
symbols, and can be detected but cannot be corrected.
Ganged
The failure of a DRAM device results in errors to a single
symbol, and can be corrected (chipkill).
> x8
Unganged/
The failure of a DRAM device results in errors to multiple
Ganged
symbols, and can be detected with a high probability but
cannot be corrected.
1. See F2x[1, 0]90[X4Dimm].
2. See F2x110[DctGangEn].
3. See F3x180[EccSymbolSize]. DRAM devices wider than the symbol size are not recommended for high
reliability or high availability systems, due to the higher potential for uncorrectable, undetected, or miscorrected errors.
2.12.2.1
DCT Mode2
Multi-Beat Interleaving for Unganged Mode
Unganged DRAM mode uses only a single DCT for each memory access, and therefore requires two beats of
64-bit wide DRAM data from the same DRAM devices to form the 128-bit wide data upon which to apply the
ECC function. When specified by F2x110[DctDatIntLv], even and odd bits from the two 64-bit data beats can
be interleaved to create the 128-bit line as shown in Figure 15 and Figure 16.
Non-interleaved
...
Beat 0
Beat 1
Result
... 3
2
1
3
Interleaved
2
1
0
0
... 67 66 65 64 ... 3
Symbol 16
2
1
Symbol 0
0
...
...
3
...
7
3
2
2
6
5
1
1
4
Symbol 1
3
0
0
2
1
0
Symbol 0
Figure 15: Example of line interleaving from x4 DRAM in unganged DRAM mode using x4 ECC
175
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Non-interleaved
Beat 0
...
Beat 1
... 3
Result
... 67 66 65 64
x4 symbols
x8 symbols
2
1
2
1
... 3
2
1
...
0
0
Symbol 16
Symbol 8
3
Interleaved
0
Symbol 0
Symbol 0
...
3
...
7
3
2
2
6
5
1
1
4
Symbol 1
3
0
0
2
1
0
Symbol 0
Symbol 0
Figure 16: Example of line interleaving from x4 DRAM in unganged DRAM mode using x8 ECC
When multi-beat interleaving is performed in unganged DRAM mode, a partially failing device (e.g., pin failure) contributes two incorrect bits to the same symbol, which can be corrected by the ECC. A totally failing
DRAM device (i.e., chip failure) which is wide enough to contribute error bits to two different symbols results
in an uncorrectable error.
When using the ECC syndrome to find the bits in error, see Figure 15 and Figure 16 to map from the symbol
and bit number back to the correct device bit. Refer to section 2.8.6 [Routing DRAM Requests] for details on
how to map to a DIMM and device.
2.12.2.2
Software Managed Bad Symbol Identification
x8 ECC is augmented by a software managed algorithm to provide additional coverage against two symbol
errors. Bad symbol identification is managed by software and used by hardware to improve detection of a second symbol in error in the same beat.
When software determines that a DRAM device is bad, it should program the rank and symbol into the BadDramCs and BadDramSymbol fields of the appropriate [The DCT0 Bad Symbol Identification Register]
F3x138 or [The DCT1 Bad Symbol Identification Register] F3x13C. The bad symbol is determined by using
the syndrome captured during correctable errors, as described in section 2.12.2.3.1 [x8 ECC]. Determining that
a device is bad can be done using the guidelines in section 2.12.1.6 [Error Thresholding].
The memory controller uses the bad symbol identification registers during fetches to determine if errors are
correctable or uncorrectable. When the bad symbol identification register contains valid information:
• If a fetched line has an error only in the same rank and symbol identified by this register, then the error is
a correctable chipkill error.
• If a fetched line has an error in the same rank and a different symbol than identified by this register, then
there are at least two symbol errors in the line and the error is uncorrectable.
2.12.2.3
ECC Syndromes
For memory errors, the sections below describe how to find the DIMM in error. The process varies slightly
176
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
according to the ECC code in use. To determine which ECC code is being used, see F3x180[EccSymbolSize].
For correctable errors, the DIMM in error is uniquely identified by the error address (F3x50[ErrAddr]) and the
ECC syndrome (F3x48[Syndrome[15:8]] and F3x4C[Syndrome[7:0]]). The error address maps to the two
DIMMs composing the 128-bit line, and the ECC syndrome identifies one DIMM by identifying the symbol
within the line.
2.12.2.3.1
x8 ECC
The use of x8 ECC is indicated in F3x180[EccSymbolSize].
The syndrome field uniquely identifies the failing bit positions of a correctable ECC error. Only syndromes
identified in Table 78 are correctable by the error correcting code.
Symbols 00h-07h map to data bits 0-63; symbols 08h-0Fh map to data bits 64-127; symbol 10h maps to special
purpose non-data bits; symbols 11h-12h map to ECC check bits for data bits 0-127 and symbol 10h.
To use Table 78, find the 16-bit syndrome value in the table. Because of the large size of the table, this is most
easily done by taking the low order byte of the syndrome as the row number, then scanning the row for the
complete 16-bit syndrome. If it is not found, use the high order byte of the syndrome as the row number, then
scan the row for the complete 16-bit syndrome. Once the syndrome is found in the table, the corresponding
Symbol In Error column indicates which symbol, and therefore which DIMM has the error. The Error Bitmask
column indicates the bits in error in the symbol. To map to the DIMM, use the algorithm in section 2.8.6 [Routing DRAM Requests].
For example, assume the ECC syndrome is 03EAh. First search row EAh for the complete syndrome. Since it
is not found, search row 03h for the complete syndrome. It is found in column 9h, so symbol 9h has the error.
Since the error bitmask indicates value 3h (0011b), bits 0 and 1 within that symbol are corrupted. Symbol 9h
maps to bits 72-79, so the corrupted bits are 72 and 73 of the line.
Table 78: x8 ECC correctable syndromes
Error
Bit- 12h 11h 10h Fh
mask
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
0A
0B
0C
0D
0E
0F
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
0000
0100
0200
0300
0400
0500
0600
0700
0800
0900
0A00
0B00
0C00
0D00
0E00
0F00
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
1700
1800
0000
0001
0002
0003
0004
0005
0006
0007
0008
0009
000A
000B
000C
000D
000E
000F
0010
0011
0012
0013
0014
0015
0016
0017
0018
0000
0101
0202
0303
0404
0505
0606
0707
0808
0909
0A0A
0B0B
0C0C
0D0D
0E0E
0F0F
1010
1111
1212
1313
1414
1515
1616
1717
1818
0000
01B8
0201
03B9
0402
05BA
0603
07BB
0804
09BC
0A05
0BBD
0C06
0DBE
0E07
0FBF
1008
11B0
1209
13B1
140A
15B2
160B
17B3
180C
Symbol In Error
Eh Dh Ch Bh Ah 9h 8h 7h
0000
015C
02B8
03E4
0401
055D
06B9
07E5
0802
095E
0ABA
0BE6
0C03
0D5F
0EBB
0FE7
1004
1158
12BC
13E0
1405
1559
16BD
17E1
1806
0000
012E
025C
0372
04B8
0596
06E4
07CA
0801
092F
0A5D
0B73
0CB9
0D97
0EE5
0FCB
1002
112C
125E
1370
14BA
1594
16E6
17C8
1803
0000
01C6
02FD
033B
048B
054D
0676
07B0
0867
09A1
0A9A
0B5C
0CEC
0D2A
0E11
0FD7
10CE
1108
1233
13F5
1445
1583
16B8
177E
18A9
0000
0163
02C6
03A5
04FD
059E
063B
0758
088B
09E8
0A4D
0B2E
0C76
0D15
0EB0
0FD3
1067
1104
12A1
13C2
149A
15F9
165C
173F
18EC
0000
01FD
028B
0376
0467
059A
06EC
0711
08CE
0933
0A45
0BB8
0CA9
0D54
0E22
0FDF
10ED
1110
1266
139B
148A
1577
1601
17FC
1823
0000
0189
0263
03EA
04C6
054F
06A5
072C
08FD
0974
0A9E
0B17
0C3B
0DB2
0E58
0FD1
108B
1102
12E8
1361
144D
15C4
162E
17A7
1876
0000
019D
024B
03D6
0496
050B
06DD
0740
085D
09C0
0A16
0B8B
0CCB
0D56
0E80
0F1D
10BA
1127
12F1
136C
142C
15B1
1667
17FA
18E7
0000
B801
0102
B903
0204
BA05
0306
BB07
0408
BC09
050A
BD0B
060C
BE0D
070E
BF0F
0810
B011
0912
B113
0A14
B215
0B16
B317
0C18
6h
5h
4h
3h
2h
1h
0h
0000
5C01
B802
E403
0104
5D05
B906
E507
0208
5E09
BA0A
E60B
030C
5F0D
BB0E
E70F
0410
5811
BC12
E013
0514
5915
BD16
E117
0618
0000
2E01
5C02
7203
B804
9605
E406
CA07
0108
2F09
5D0A
730B
B90C
970D
E50E
CB0F
0210
2C11
5E12
7013
BA14
9415
E616
C817
0318
0000
C601
FD02
3B03
8B04
4D05
7606
B007
6708
A109
9A0A
5C0B
EC0C
2A0D
110E
D70F
CE10
0811
3312
F513
4514
8315
B816
7E17
A918
0000
6301
C602
A503
FD04
9E05
3B06
5807
8B08
E809
4D0A
2E0B
760C
150D
B00E
D30F
6710
0411
A112
C213
9A14
F915
5C16
3F17
EC18
0000
FD01
8B02
7603
6704
9A05
EC06
1107
CE08
3309
450A
B80B
A90C
540D
220E
DF0F
ED10
1011
6612
9B13
8A14
7715
0116
FC17
2318
0000
8901
6302
EA03
C604
4F05
A506
2C07
FD08
7409
9E0A
170B
3B0C
B20D
580E
D10F
8B10
0211
E812
6113
4D14
C415
2E16
A717
7618
0000
9D01
4B02
D603
9604
0B05
DD06
4007
5D08
C009
160A
8B0B
CB0C
560D
800E
1D0F
BA10
2711
F112
6C13
2C14
B115
6716
FA17
E718
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table 78: x8 ECC correctable syndromes
Error
Bit- 12h 11h 10h Fh
mask
19
1A
1B
1C
1D
1E
1F
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
2A
2B
2C
2D
2E
2F
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
3A
3B
3C
3D
3E
3F
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
4A
4B
4C
4D
4E
4F
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
5A
5B
1900
1A00
1B00
1C00
1D00
1E00
1F00
2000
2100
2200
2300
2400
2500
2600
2700
2800
2900
2A00
2B00
2C00
2D00
2E00
2F00
3000
3100
3200
3300
3400
3500
3600
3700
3800
3900
3A00
3B00
3C00
3D00
3E00
3F00
4000
4100
4200
4300
4400
4500
4600
4700
4800
4900
4A00
4B00
4C00
4D00
4E00
4F00
5000
5100
5200
5300
5400
5500
5600
5700
5800
5900
5A00
5B00
0019
001A
001B
001C
001D
001E
001F
0020
0021
0022
0023
0024
0025
0026
0027
0028
0029
002A
002B
002C
002D
002E
002F
0030
0031
0032
0033
0034
0035
0036
0037
0038
0039
003A
003B
003C
003D
003E
003F
0040
0041
0042
0043
0044
0045
0046
0047
0048
0049
004A
004B
004C
004D
004E
004F
0050
0051
0052
0053
0054
0055
0056
0057
0058
0059
005A
005B
1919
1A1A
1B1B
1C1C
1D1D
1E1E
1F1F
2020
2121
2222
2323
2424
2525
2626
2727
2828
2929
2A2A
2B2B
2C2C
2D2D
2E2E
2F2F
3030
3131
3232
3333
3434
3535
3636
3737
3838
3939
3A3A
3B3B
3C3C
3D3D
3E3E
3F3F
4040
4141
4242
4343
4444
4545
4646
4747
4848
4949
4A4A
4B4B
4C4C
4D4D
4E4E
4F4F
5050
5151
5252
5353
5454
5555
5656
5757
5858
5959
5A5A
5B5B
19B4
1A0D
1BB5
1C0E
1DB6
1E0F
1FB7
2010
21A8
2211
23A9
2412
25AA
2613
27AB
2814
29AC
2A15
2BAD
2C16
2DAE
2E17
2FAF
3018
31A0
3219
33A1
341A
35A2
361B
37A3
381C
39A4
3A1D
3BA5
3C1E
3DA6
3E1F
3FA7
4020
4198
4221
4399
4422
459A
4623
479B
4824
499C
4A25
4B9D
4C26
4D9E
4E27
4F9F
5028
5190
5229
5391
542A
5592
562B
5793
582C
5994
5A2D
5B95
Symbol In Error
Eh Dh Ch Bh Ah 9h 8h 7h
195A
1ABE
1BE2
1C07
1D5B
1EBF
1FE3
2008
2154
22B0
23EC
2409
2555
26B1
27ED
280A
2956
2AB2
2BEE
2C0B
2D57
2EB3
2FEF
300C
3150
32B4
33E8
340D
3551
36B5
37E9
380E
3952
3AB6
3BEA
3C0F
3D53
3EB7
3FEB
4010
414C
42A8
43F4
4411
454D
46A9
47F5
4812
494E
4AAA
4BF6
4C13
4D4F
4EAB
4FF7
5014
5148
52AC
53F0
5415
5549
56AD
57F1
5816
594A
5AAE
5BF2
192D
1A5F
1B71
1CBB
1D95
1EE7
1FC9
2004
212A
2258
2376
24BC
2592
26E0
27CE
2805
292B
2A59
2B77
2CBD
2D93
2EE1
2FCF
3006
3128
325A
3374
34BE
3590
36E2
37CC
3807
3929
3A5B
3B75
3CBF
3D91
3EE3
3FCD
4008
4126
4254
437A
44B0
459E
46EC
47C2
4809
4927
4A55
4B7B
4CB1
4D9F
4EED
4FC3
500A
5124
5256
5378
54B2
559C
56EE
57C0
580B
5925
5A57
5B79
196F
1A54
1B92
1C22
1DE4
1EDF
1F19
20ED
212B
2210
23D6
2466
25A0
269B
275D
288A
294C
2A77
2BB1
2C01
2DC7
2EFC
2F3A
3023
31E5
32DE
3318
34A8
356E
3655
3793
3844
3982
3AB9
3B7F
3CCF
3D09
3E32
3FF4
40AB
416D
4256
4390
4420
45E6
46DD
471B
48CC
490A
4A31
4BF7
4C47
4D81
4EBA
4F7C
5065
51A3
5298
535E
54EE
5528
5613
57D5
5802
59C4
5AFF
5B39
198F 19DE 19FF 197A B419
1A2A 1AA8 1A15 1AAC 0D1A
1B49 1B55 1B9C 1B31 B51B
1C11 1C44 1CB0 1C71 0E1C
1D72 1DB9 1D39 1DEC B61D
1ED7 1ECF 1ED3 1E3A 0F1E
1FB4 1F32 1F5A 1FA7 B71F
20CE 20AB 2067 2005 1020
21AD 2156 21EE 2198 A821
2208 2220 2204 224E 1122
236B 23DD 238D 23D3 A923
2433 24CC 24A1 2493 1224
2550 2531 2528 250E AA25
26F5 2647 26C2 26D8 1326
2796 27BA 274B 2745 AB27
2845 2865 289A 2858 1428
2926 2998 2913 29C5 AC29
2A83 2AEE 2AF9 2A13 152A
2BE0 2B13 2B70 2B8E AD2B
2CB8 2C02 2C5C 2CCE 162C
2DDB 2DFF 2DD5 2D53 AE2D
2E7E 2E89 2E3F 2E85 172E
2F1D 2F74 2FB6 2F18 AF2F
30A9 3046 30EC 30BF 1830
31CA 31BB 3165 3122 A031
326F 32CD 328F 32F4 1932
330C 3330 3306 3369 A133
3454 3421 342A 3429 1A34
3537 35DC 35A3 35B4 A235
3692 36AA 3649 3662 1B36
37F1 3757 37C0 37FF A337
3822 3888 3811 38E2 1C38
3941 3975 3998 397F A439
3AE4 3A03 3A72 3AA9 1D3A
3B87 3BFE 3BFB 3B34 A53B
3CDF 3CEF 3CD7 3C74 1E3C
3DBC 3D12 3D5E 3DE9 A63D
3E19 3E64 3EB4 3E3F 1F3E
3F7A 3F99 3F3D 3FA2 A73F
40ED 4027 40CE 400A 2040
418E 41DA 4147 4197 9841
422B 42AC 42AD 4241 2142
4348 4351 4324 43DC 9943
4410 4440 4408 449C 2244
4573 45BD 4581 4501 9A45
46D6 46CB 466B 46D7 2346
47B5 4736 47E2 474A 9B47
4866 48E9 4833 4857 2448
4905 4914 49BA 49CA 9C49
4AA0 4A62 4A50 4A1C 254A
4BC3 4B9F 4BD9 4B81 9D4B
4C9B 4C8E 4CF5 4CC1 264C
4DF8 4D73 4D7C 4D5C 9E4D
4E5D 4E05 4E96 4E8A 274E
4F3E 4FF8 4F1F 4F17 9F4F
508A 50CA 5045 50B0 2850
51E9 5137 51CC 512D 9051
524C 5241 5226 52FB 2952
532F 53BC 53AF 5366 9153
5477 54AD 5483 5426 2A54
5514 5550 550A 55BB 9255
56B1 5626 56E0 566D 2B56
57D2 57DB 5769 57F0 9357
5801 5804 58B8 58ED 2C58
5962 59F9 5931 5970 9459
5AC7 5A8F 5ADB 5AA6 2D5A
5BA4 5B72 5B52 5B3B 955B
6h
5h
4h
5A19
BE1A
E21B
071C
5B1D
BF1E
E31F
0820
5421
B022
EC23
0924
5525
B126
ED27
0A28
5629
B22A
EE2B
0B2C
572D
B32E
EF2F
0C30
5031
B432
E833
0D34
5135
B536
E937
0E38
5239
B63A
EA3B
0F3C
533D
B73E
EB3F
1040
4C41
A842
F443
1144
4D45
A946
F547
1248
4E49
AA4A
F64B
134C
4F4D
AB4E
F74F
1450
4851
AC52
F053
1554
4955
AD56
F157
1658
4A59
AE5A
F25B
2D19
5F1A
711B
BB1C
951D
E71E
C91F
0420
2A21
5822
7623
BC24
9225
E026
CE27
0528
2B29
592A
772B
BD2C
932D
E12E
CF2F
0630
2831
5A32
7433
BE34
9035
E236
CC37
0738
2939
5B3A
753B
BF3C
913D
E33E
CD3F
0840
2641
5442
7A43
B044
9E45
EC46
C247
0948
2749
554A
7B4B
B14C
9F4D
ED4E
C34F
0A50
2451
5652
7853
B254
9C55
EE56
C057
0B58
2559
575A
795B
6F19
541A
921B
221C
E41D
DF1E
191F
ED20
2B21
1022
D623
6624
A025
9B26
5D27
8A28
4C29
772A
B12B
012C
C72D
FC2E
3A2F
2330
E531
DE32
1833
A834
6E35
5536
9337
4438
8239
B93A
7F3B
CF3C
093D
323E
F43F
AB40
6D41
5642
9043
2044
E645
DD46
1B47
CC48
0A49
314A
F74B
474C
814D
BA4E
7C4F
6550
A351
9852
5E53
EE54
2855
1356
D557
0258
C459
FF5A
395B
3h
2h
1h
8F19 DE19 FF19
2A1A A81A 151A
491B 551B 9C1B
111C 441C B01C
721D B91D 391D
D71E CF1E D31E
B41F 321F 5A1F
CE20 AB20 6720
AD21 5621 EE21
0822 2022 0422
6B23 DD23 8D23
3324 CC24 A124
5025 3125 2825
F526 4726 C226
9627 BA27 4B27
4528 6528 9A28
2629 9829 1329
832A EE2A F92A
E02B 132B 702B
B82C 022C 5C2C
DB2D FF2D D52D
7E2E 892E 3F2E
1D2F 742F B62F
A930 4630 EC30
CA31 BB31 6531
6F32 CD32 8F32
0C33 3033 0633
5434 2134 2A34
3735 DC35 A335
9236 AA36 4936
F137 5737 C037
2238 8838 1138
4139 7539 9839
E43A 033A 723A
873B FE3B FB3B
DF3C EF3C D73C
BC3D 123D 5E3D
193E 643E B43E
7A3F 993F 3D3F
ED40 2740 CE40
8E41 DA41 4741
2B42 AC42 AD42
4843 5143 2443
1044 4044 0844
7345 BD45 8145
D646 CB46 6B46
B547 3647 E247
6648 E948 3348
0549 1449 BA49
A04A 624A 504A
C34B 9F4B D94B
9B4C 8E4C F54C
F84D 734D 7C4D
5D4E 054E 964E
3E4F F84F 1F4F
8A50 CA50 4550
E951 3751 CC51
4C52 4152 2652
2F53 BC53 AF53
7754 AD54 8354
1455 5055 0A55
B156 2656 E056
D257 DB57 6957
0158 0458 B858
6259 F959 3159
C75A 8F5A DB5A
A45B 725B 525B
0h
7A19
AC1A
311B
711C
EC1D
3A1E
A71F
0520
9821
4E22
D323
9324
0E25
D826
4527
5828
C529
132A
8E2B
CE2C
532D
852E
182F
BF30
2231
F432
6933
2934
B435
6236
FF37
E238
7F39
A93A
343B
743C
E93D
3F3E
A23F
0A40
9741
4142
DC43
9C44
0145
D746
4A47
5748
CA49
1C4A
814B
C14C
5C4D
8A4E
174F
B050
2D51
FB52
6653
2654
BB55
6D56
F057
ED58
7059
A65A
3B5B
178
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table 78: x8 ECC correctable syndromes
Error
Bit- 12h 11h 10h Fh
mask
5C
5D
5E
5F
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
6A
6B
6C
6D
6E
6F
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
7A
7B
7C
7D
7E
7F
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
8A
8B
8C
8D
8E
8F
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
9A
9B
9C
9D
9E
5C00
5D00
5E00
5F00
6000
6100
6200
6300
6400
6500
6600
6700
6800
6900
6A00
6B00
6C00
6D00
6E00
6F00
7000
7100
7200
7300
7400
7500
7600
7700
7800
7900
7A00
7B00
7C00
7D00
7E00
7F00
8000
8100
8200
8300
8400
8500
8600
8700
8800
8900
8A00
8B00
8C00
8D00
8E00
8F00
9000
9100
9200
9300
9400
9500
9600
9700
9800
9900
9A00
9B00
9C00
9D00
9E00
005C
005D
005E
005F
0060
0061
0062
0063
0064
0065
0066
0067
0068
0069
006A
006B
006C
006D
006E
006F
0070
0071
0072
0073
0074
0075
0076
0077
0078
0079
007A
007B
007C
007D
007E
007F
0080
0081
0082
0083
0084
0085
0086
0087
0088
0089
008A
008B
008C
008D
008E
008F
0090
0091
0092
0093
0094
0095
0096
0097
0098
0099
009A
009B
009C
009D
009E
5C5C
5D5D
5E5E
5F5F
6060
6161
6262
6363
6464
6565
6666
6767
6868
6969
6A6A
6B6B
6C6C
6D6D
6E6E
6F6F
7070
7171
7272
7373
7474
7575
7676
7777
7878
7979
7A7A
7B7B
7C7C
7D7D
7E7E
7F7F
8080
8181
8282
8383
8484
8585
8686
8787
8888
8989
8A8A
8B8B
8C8C
8D8D
8E8E
8F8F
9090
9191
9292
9393
9494
9595
9696
9797
9898
9999
9A9A
9B9B
9C9C
9D9D
9E9E
5C2E
5D96
5E2F
5F97
6030
6188
6231
6389
6432
658A
6633
678B
6834
698C
6A35
6B8D
6C36
6D8E
6E37
6F8F
7038
7180
7239
7381
743A
7582
763B
7783
783C
7984
7A3D
7B85
7C3E
7D86
7E3F
7F87
8040
81F8
8241
83F9
8442
85FA
8643
87FB
8844
89FC
8A45
8BFD
8C46
8DFE
8E47
8FFF
9048
91F0
9249
93F1
944A
95F2
964B
97F3
984C
99F4
9A4D
9BF5
9C4E
9DF6
9E4F
Symbol In Error
Eh Dh Ch Bh Ah 9h 8h 7h
5C17
5D4B
5EAF
5FF3
6018
6144
62A0
63FC
6419
6545
66A1
67FD
681A
6946
6AA2
6BFE
6C1B
6D47
6EA3
6FFF
701C
7140
72A4
73F8
741D
7541
76A5
77F9
781E
7942
7AA6
7BFA
7C1F
7D43
7EA7
7FFB
8020
817C
8298
83C4
8421
857D
8699
87C5
8822
897E
8A9A
8BC6
8C23
8D7F
8E9B
8FC7
9024
9178
929C
93C0
9425
9579
969D
97C1
9826
997A
9A9E
9BC2
9C27
9D7B
9E9F
5CB3
5D9D
5EEF
5FC1
600C
6122
6250
637E
64B4
659A
66E8
67C6
680D
6923
6A51
6B7F
6CB5
6D9B
6EE9
6FC7
700E
7120
7252
737C
74B6
7598
76EA
77C4
780F
7921
7A53
7B7D
7CB7
7D99
7EEB
7FC5
8010
813E
824C
8362
84A8
8586
86F4
87DA
8811
893F
8A4D
8B63
8CA9
8D87
8EF5
8FDB
9012
913C
924E
9360
94AA
9584
96F6
97D8
9813
993D
9A4F
9B61
9CAB
9D85
9EF7
5C89
5D4F
5E74
5FB2
6046
6180
62BB
637D
64CD
650B
6630
67F6
6821
69E7
6ADC
6B1A
6CAA
6D6C
6E57
6F91
7088
714E
7275
73B3
7403
75C5
76FE
7738
78EF
7929
7A12
7BD4
7C64
7DA2
7E99
7F5F
8027
81E1
82DA
831C
84AC
856A
8651
8797
8840
8986
8ABD
8B7B
8CCB
8D0D
8E36
8FF0
90E9
912F
9214
93D2
9462
95A4
969F
9759
988E
9948
9A73
9BB5
9C05
9DC3
9EF8
5CFC 5C63
5D9F 5D9E
5E3A 5EE8
5F59 5F15
6023 608C
6140 6171
62E5 6207
6386 63FA
64DE 64EB
65BD 6516
6618 6660
677B 679D
68A8 6842
69CB 69BF
6A6E 6AC9
6B0D 6B34
6C55 6C25
6D36 6DD8
6E93 6EAE
6FF0 6F53
7044 7061
7127 719C
7282 72EA
73E1 7317
74B9 7406
75DA 75FB
767F 768D
771C 7770
78CF 78AF
79AC 7952
7A09 7A24
7B6A 7BD9
7C32 7CC8
7D51 7D35
7EF4 7E43
7F97 7FBE
80AB 804E
81C8 81B3
826D 82C5
830E 8338
8456 8429
8535 85D4
8690 86A2
87F3 875F
8820 8880
8943 897D
8AE6 8A0B
8B85 8BF6
8CDD 8CE7
8DBE 8D1A
8E1B 8E6C
8F78 8F91
90CC 90A3
91AF 915E
920A 9228
9369 93D5
9431 94C4
9552 9539
96F7 964F
9794 97B2
9847 986D
9924 9990
9A81 9AE6
9BE2 9B1B
9CBA 9C0A
9DD9 9DF7
9E7C 9E81
5C7E
5DF7
5E1D
5F94
60A9
6120
62CA
6343
646F
65E6
660C
6785
6854
69DD
6A37
6BBE
6C92
6D1B
6EF1
6F78
7022
71AB
7241
73C8
74E4
756D
7687
770E
78DF
7956
7ABC
7B35
7C19
7D90
7E7A
7FF3
80ED
8164
828E
8307
842B
85A2
8648
87C1
8810
8999
8A73
8BFA
8CD6
8D5F
8EB5
8F3C
9066
91EF
9205
938C
94A0
9529
96C3
974A
989B
9912
9AF8
9B71
9C5D
9DD4
9E3E
5C7B
5DE6
5E30
5FAD
600F
6192
6244
63D9
6499
6504
66D2
674F
6852
69CF
6A19
6B84
6CC4
6D59
6E8F
6F12
70B5
7128
72FE
7363
7423
75BE
7668
77F5
78E8
7975
7AA3
7B3E
7C7E
7DE3
7E35
7FA8
8014
8189
825F
83C2
8482
851F
86C9
8754
8849
89D4
8A02
8B9F
8CDF
8D42
8E94
8F09
90AE
9133
92E5
9378
9438
95A5
9673
97EE
98F3
996E
9AB8
9B25
9C65
9DF8
9E2E
2E5C
965D
2F5E
975F
3060
8861
3162
8963
3264
8A65
3366
8B67
3468
8C69
356A
8D6B
366C
8E6D
376E
8F6F
3870
8071
3972
8173
3A74
8275
3B76
8377
3C78
8479
3D7A
857B
3E7C
867D
3F7E
877F
4080
F881
4182
F983
4284
FA85
4386
FB87
4488
FC89
458A
FD8B
468C
FE8D
478E
FF8F
4890
F091
4992
F193
4A94
F295
4B96
F397
4C98
F499
4D9A
F59B
4E9C
F69D
4F9E
6h
5h
4h
175C
4B5D
AF5E
F35F
1860
4461
A062
FC63
1964
4565
A166
FD67
1A68
4669
A26A
FE6B
1B6C
476D
A36E
FF6F
1C70
4071
A472
F873
1D74
4175
A576
F977
1E78
4279
A67A
FA7B
1F7C
437D
A77E
FB7F
2080
7C81
9882
C483
2184
7D85
9986
C587
2288
7E89
9A8A
C68B
238C
7F8D
9B8E
C78F
2490
7891
9C92
C093
2594
7995
9D96
C197
2698
7A99
9E9A
C29B
279C
7B9D
9F9E
B35C
9D5D
EF5E
C15F
0C60
2261
5062
7E63
B464
9A65
E866
C667
0D68
2369
516A
7F6B
B56C
9B6D
E96E
C76F
0E70
2071
5272
7C73
B674
9875
EA76
C477
0F78
2179
537A
7D7B
B77C
997D
EB7E
C57F
1080
3E81
4C82
6283
A884
8685
F486
DA87
1188
3F89
4D8A
638B
A98C
878D
F58E
DB8F
1290
3C91
4E92
6093
AA94
8495
F696
D897
1398
3D99
4F9A
619B
AB9C
859D
F79E
895C
4F5D
745E
B25F
4660
8061
BB62
7D63
CD64
0B65
3066
F667
2168
E769
DC6A
1A6B
AA6C
6C6D
576E
916F
8870
4E71
7572
B373
0374
C575
FE76
3877
EF78
2979
127A
D47B
647C
A27D
997E
5F7F
2780
E181
DA82
1C83
AC84
6A85
5186
9787
4088
8689
BD8A
7B8B
CB8C
0D8D
368E
F08F
E990
2F91
1492
D293
6294
A495
9F96
5997
8E98
4899
739A
B59B
059C
C39D
F89E
3h
2h
FC5C 635C
9F5D 9E5D
3A5E E85E
595F 155F
2360 8C60
4061 7161
E562 0762
8663 FA63
DE64 EB64
BD65 1665
1866 6066
7B67 9D67
A868 4268
CB69 BF69
6E6A C96A
0D6B 346B
556C 256C
366D D86D
936E AE6E
F06F 536F
4470 6170
2771 9C71
8272 EA72
E173 1773
B974 0674
DA75 FB75
7F76 8D76
1C77 7077
CF78 AF78
AC79 5279
097A 247A
6A7B D97B
327C C87C
517D 357D
F47E 437E
977F BE7F
AB80 4E80
C881 B381
6D82 C582
0E83 3883
5684 2984
3585 D485
9086 A286
F387 5F87
2088 8088
4389 7D89
E68A 0B8A
858B F68B
DD8C E78C
BE8D 1A8D
1B8E 6C8E
788F 918F
CC90 A390
AF91 5E91
0A92 2892
6993 D593
3194 C494
5295 3995
F796 4F96
9497 B297
4798 6D98
2499 9099
819A E69A
E29B 1B9B
BA9C 0A9C
D99D F79D
7C9E 819E
1h
0h
7E5C
F75D
1D5E
945F
A960
2061
CA62
4363
6F64
E665
0C66
8567
5468
DD69
376A
BE6B
926C
1B6D
F16E
786F
2270
AB71
4172
C873
E474
6D75
8776
0E77
DF78
5679
BC7A
357B
197C
907D
7A7E
F37F
ED80
6481
8E82
0783
2B84
A285
4886
C187
1088
9989
738A
FA8B
D68C
5F8D
B58E
3C8F
6690
EF91
0592
8C93
A094
2995
C396
4A97
9B98
1299
F89A
719B
5D9C
D49D
3E9E
7B5C
E65D
305E
AD5F
0F60
9261
4462
D963
9964
0465
D266
4F67
5268
CF69
196A
846B
C46C
596D
8F6E
126F
B570
2871
FE72
6373
2374
BE75
6876
F577
E878
7579
A37A
3E7B
7E7C
E37D
357E
A87F
1480
8981
5F82
C283
8284
1F85
C986
5487
4988
D489
028A
9F8B
DF8C
428D
948E
098F
AE90
3391
E592
7893
3894
A595
7396
EE97
F398
6E99
B89A
259B
659C
F89D
2E9E
179
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table 78: x8 ECC correctable syndromes
Error
Bit- 12h 11h 10h Fh
mask
9F
A0
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9
AA
AB
AC
AD
AE
AF
B0
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6
B7
B8
B9
BA
BB
BC
BD
BE
BF
C0
C1
C2
C3
C4
C5
C6
C7
C8
C9
CA
CB
CC
CD
CE
CF
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
D8
D9
DA
DB
DC
DD
DE
DF
E0
E1
Symbol In Error
Eh Dh Ch Bh Ah 9h 8h 7h
6h
5h
4h
3h
2h
1h
9F00 009F 9F9F 9FF7 9FC3 9FD9 9F3E 9F1F 9F7C 9FB7 9FB3 F79F C39F D99F 3E9F 1F9F 7C9F B79F
A000 00A0 A0A0 A050 A028 A014 A0CA A065 A0E5 A08A A011 50A0 28A0 14A0 CAA0 65A0 E5A0 8AA0
A100 00A1 A1A1 A1E8 A174 A13A A10C A106 A118 A103 A18C E8A1 74A1 3AA1 0CA1 06A1 18A1 03A1
A200 00A2 A2A2 A251 A290 A248 A237 A2A3 A26E A2E9 A25A 51A2 90A2 48A2 37A2 A3A2 6EA2 E9A2
A300 00A3 A3A3 A3E9 A3CC A366 A3F1 A3C0 A393 A360 A3C7 E9A3 CCA3 66A3 F1A3 C0A3 93A3 60A3
A400 00A4 A4A4 A452 A429 A4AC A441 A498 A482 A44C A487 52A4 29A4 ACA4 41A4 98A4 82A4 4CA4
A500 00A5 A5A5 A5EA A575 A582 A587 A5FB A57F A5C5 A51A EAA5 75A5 82A5 87A5 FBA5 7FA5 C5A5
A600 00A6 A6A6 A653 A691 A6F0 A6BC A65E A609 A62F A6CC 53A6 91A6 F0A6 BCA6 5EA6 09A6 2FA6
A700 00A7 A7A7 A7EB A7CD A7DE A77A A73D A7F4 A7A6 A751 EBA7 CDA7 DEA7 7AA7 3DA7 F4A7 A6A7
A800 00A8 A8A8 A854 A82A A815 A8AD A8EE A82B A877 A84C 54A8 2AA8 15A8 ADA8 EEA8 2BA8 77A8
A900 00A9 A9A9 A9EC A976 A93B A96B A98D A9D6 A9FE A9D1 ECA9 76A9 3BA9 6BA9 8DA9 D6A9 FEA9
AA00 00AA AAAA AA55 AA92 AA49 AA50 AA28 AAA0 AA14 AA07 55AA 92AA 49AA 50AA 28AA A0AA 14AA
AB00 00AB ABAB ABED ABCE AB67 AB96 AB4B AB5D AB9D AB9A EDAB CEAB 67AB 96AB 4BAB 5DAB 9DAB
AC00 00AC ACAC AC56 AC2B ACAD AC26 AC13 AC4C ACB1 ACDA 56AC 2BAC ADAC 26AC 13AC 4CAC B1AC
AD00 00AD ADAD ADEE AD77 AD83 ADE0 AD70 ADB1 AD38 AD47 EEAD 77AD 83AD E0AD 70AD B1AD 38AD
AE00 00AE AEAE AE57 AE93 AEF1 AEDB AED5 AEC7 AED2 AE91 57AE 93AE F1AE DBAE D5AE C7AE D2AE
AF00 00AF AFAF AFEF AFCF AFDF AF1D AFB6 AF3A AF5B AF0C EFAF CFAF DFAF 1DAF B6AF 3AAF 5BAF
B000 00B0 B0B0 B058 B02C B016 B004 B002 B008 B001 B0AB 58B0 2CB0 16B0 04B0 02B0 08B0 01B0
B100 00B1 B1B1 B1E0 B170 B138 B1C2 B161 B1F5 B188 B136 E0B1 70B1 38B1 C2B1 61B1 F5B1 88B1
B200 00B2 B2B2 B259 B294 B24A B2F9 B2C4 B283 B262 B2E0 59B2 94B2 4AB2 F9B2 C4B2 83B2 62B2
B300 00B3 B3B3 B3E1 B3C8 B364 B33F B3A7 B37E B3EB B37D E1B3 C8B3 64B3 3FB3 A7B3 7EB3 EBB3
B400 00B4 B4B4 B45A B42D B4AE B48F B4FF B46F B4C7 B43D 5AB4 2DB4 AEB4 8FB4 FFB4 6FB4 C7B4
B500 00B5 B5B5 B5E2 B571 B580 B549 B59C B592 B54E B5A0 E2B5 71B5 80B5 49B5 9CB5 92B5 4EB5
B600 00B6 B6B6 B65B B695 B6F2 B672 B639 B6E4 B6A4 B676 5BB6 95B6 F2B6 72B6 39B6 E4B6 A4B6
B700 00B7 B7B7 B7E3 B7C9 B7DC B7B4 B75A B719 B72D B7EB E3B7 C9B7 DCB7 B4B7 5AB7 19B7 2DB7
B800 00B8 B8B8 B85C B82E B817 B863 B889 B8C6 B8FC B8F6 5CB8 2EB8 17B8 63B8 89B8 C6B8 FCB8
B900 00B9 B9B9 B9E4 B972 B939 B9A5 B9EA B93B B975 B96B E4B9 72B9 39B9 A5B9 EAB9 3BB9 75B9
BA00 00BA BABA BA5D BA96 BA4B BA9E BA4F BA4D BA9F BABD 5DBA 96BA 4BBA 9EBA 4FBA 4DBA 9FBA
BB00 00BB BBBB BBE5 BBCA BB65 BB58 BB2C BBB0 BB16 BB20 E5BB CABB 65BB 58BB 2CBB B0BB 16BB
BC00 00BC BCBC BC5E BC2F BCAF BCE8 BC74 BCA1 BC3A BC60 5EBC 2FBC AFBC E8BC 74BC A1BC 3ABC
BD00 00BD BDBD BDE6 BD73 BD81 BD2E BD17 BD5C BDB3 BDFD E6BD 73BD 81BD 2EBD 17BD 5CBD B3BD
BE00 00BE BEBE BE5F BE97 BEF3 BE15 BEB2 BE2A BE59 BE2B 5FBE 97BE F3BE 15BE B2BE 2ABE 59BE
BF00 00BF BFBF BFE7 BFCB BFDD BFD3 BFD1 BFD7 BFD0 BFB6 E7BF CBBF DDBF D3BF D1BF D7BF D0BF
C000 00C0 C0C0 C060 C030 C018 C08C C046 C069 C023 C01E 60C0 30C0 18C0 8CC0 46C0 69C0 23C0
C100 00C1 C1C1 C1D8 C16C C136 C14A C125 C194 C1AA C183 D8C1 6CC1 36C1 4AC1 25C1 94C1 AAC1
C200 00C2 C2C2 C261 C288 C244 C271 C280 C2E2 C240 C255 61C2 88C2 44C2 71C2 80C2 E2C2 40C2
C300 00C3 C3C3 C3D9 C3D4 C36A C3B7 C3E3 C31F C3C9 C3C8 D9C3 D4C3 6AC3 B7C3 E3C3 1FC3 C9C3
C400 00C4 C4C4 C462 C431 C4A0 C407 C4BB C40E C4E5 C488 62C4 31C4 A0C4 07C4 BBC4 0EC4 E5C4
C500 00C5 C5C5 C5DA C56D C58E C5C1 C5D8 C5F3 C56C C515 DAC5 6DC5 8EC5 C1C5 D8C5 F3C5 6CC5
C600 00C6 C6C6 C663 C689 C6FC C6FA C67D C685 C686 C6C3 63C6 89C6 FCC6 FAC6 7DC6 85C6 86C6
C700 00C7 C7C7 C7DB C7D5 C7D2 C73C C71E C778 C70F C75E DBC7 D5C7 D2C7 3CC7 1EC7 78C7 0FC7
C800 00C8 C8C8 C864 C832 C819 C8EB C8CD C8A7 C8DE C843 64C8 32C8 19C8 EBC8 CDC8 A7C8 DEC8
C900 00C9 C9C9 C9DC C96E C937 C92D C9AE C95A C957 C9DE DCC9 6EC9 37C9 2DC9 AEC9 5AC9 57C9
CA00 00CA CACA CA65 CA8A CA45 CA16 CA0B CA2C CABD CA08 65CA 8ACA 45CA 16CA 0BCA 2CCA BDCA
CB00 00CB CBCB CBDD CBD6 CB6B CBD0 CB68 CBD1 CB34 CB95 DDCB D6CB 6BCB D0CB 68CB D1CB 34CB
CC00 00CC CCCC CC66 CC33 CCA1 CC60 CC30 CCC0 CC18 CCD5 66CC 33CC A1CC 60CC 30CC C0CC 18CC
CD00 00CD CDCD CDDE CD6F CD8F CDA6 CD53 CD3D CD91 CD48 DECD 6FCD 8FCD A6CD 53CD 3DCD 91CD
CE00 00CE CECE CE67 CE8B CEFD CE9D CEF6 CE4B CE7B CE9E 67CE 8BCE FDCE 9DCE F6CE 4BCE 7BCE
CF00 00CF CFCF CFDF CFD7 CFD3 CF5B CF95 CFB6 CFF2 CF03 DFCF D7CF D3CF 5BCF 95CF B6CF F2CF
D000 00D0 D0D0 D068 D034 D01A D042 D021 D084 D0A8 D0A4 68D0 34D0 1AD0 42D0 21D0 84D0 A8D0
D100 00D1 D1D1 D1D0 D168 D134 D184 D142 D179 D121 D139 D0D1 68D1 34D1 84D1 42D1 79D1 21D1
D200 00D2 D2D2 D269 D28C D246 D2BF D2E7 D20F D2CB D2EF 69D2 8CD2 46D2 BFD2 E7D2 0FD2 CBD2
D300 00D3 D3D3 D3D1 D3D0 D368 D379 D384 D3F2 D342 D372 D1D3 D0D3 68D3 79D3 84D3 F2D3 42D3
D400 00D4 D4D4 D46A D435 D4A2 D4C9 D4DC D4E3 D46E D432 6AD4 35D4 A2D4 C9D4 DCD4 E3D4 6ED4
D500 00D5 D5D5 D5D2 D569 D58C D50F D5BF D51E D5E7 D5AF D2D5 69D5 8CD5 0FD5 BFD5 1ED5 E7D5
D600 00D6 D6D6 D66B D68D D6FE D634 D61A D668 D60D D679 6BD6 8DD6 FED6 34D6 1AD6 68D6 0DD6
D700 00D7 D7D7 D7D3 D7D1 D7D0 D7F2 D779 D795 D784 D7E4 D3D7 D1D7 D0D7 F2D7 79D7 95D7 84D7
D800 00D8 D8D8 D86C D836 D81B D825 D8AA D84A D855 D8F9 6CD8 36D8 1BD8 25D8 AAD8 4AD8 55D8
D900 00D9 D9D9 D9D4 D96A D935 D9E3 D9C9 D9B7 D9DC D964 D4D9 6AD9 35D9 E3D9 C9D9 B7D9 DCD9
DA00 00DA DADA DA6D DA8E DA47 DAD8 DA6C DAC1 DA36 DAB2 6DDA 8EDA 47DA D8DA 6CDA C1DA 36DA
DB00 00DB DBDB DBD5 DBD2 DB69 DB1E DB0F DB3C DBBF DB2F D5DB D2DB 69DB 1EDB 0FDB 3CDB BFDB
DC00 00DC DCDC DC6E DC37 DCA3 DCAE DC57 DC2D DC93 DC6F 6EDC 37DC A3DC AEDC 57DC 2DDC 93DC
DD00 00DD DDDD DDD6 DD6B DD8D DD68 DD34 DDD0 DD1A DDF2 D6DD 6BDD 8DDD 68DD 34DD D0DD 1ADD
DE00 00DE DEDE DE6F DE8F DEFF DE53 DE91 DEA6 DEF0 DE24 6FDE 8FDE FFDE 53DE 91DE A6DE F0DE
DF00 00DF DFDF DFD7 DFD3 DFD1 DF95 DFF2 DF5B DF79 DFB9 D7DF D3DF D1DF 95DF F2DF 5BDF 79DF
E000 00E0 E0E0 E070 E038 E01C E061 E088 E0C2 E044 E01B 70E0 38E0 1CE0 61E0 88E0 C2E0 44E0
E100 00E1 E1E1 E1C8 E164 E132 E1A7 E1EB E13F E1CD E186 C8E1 64E1 32E1 A7E1 EBE1 3FE1 CDE1
0h
B39F
11A0
8CA1
5AA2
C7A3
87A4
1AA5
CCA6
51A7
4CA8
D1A9
07AA
9AAB
DAAC
47AD
91AE
0CAF
ABB0
36B1
E0B2
7DB3
3DB4
A0B5
76B6
EBB7
F6B8
6BB9
BDBA
20BB
60BC
FDBD
2BBE
B6BF
1EC0
83C1
55C2
C8C3
88C4
15C5
C3C6
5EC7
43C8
DEC9
08CA
95CB
D5CC
48CD
9ECE
03CF
A4D0
39D1
EFD2
72D3
32D4
AFD5
79D6
E4D7
F9D8
64D9
B2DA
2FDB
6FDC
F2DD
24DE
B9DF
1BE0
86E1
180
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table 78: x8 ECC correctable syndromes
Error
Bit- 12h 11h 10h Fh
mask
E2
E3
E4
E5
E6
E7
E8
E9
EA
EB
EC
ED
EE
EF
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
F7
F8
F9
FA
FB
FC
FD
FE
FF
E200 00E2
E300 00E3
E400 00E4
E500 00E5
E600 00E6
E700 00E7
E800 00E8
E900 00E9
EA00 00EA
EB00 00EB
EC00 00EC
ED00 00ED
EE00 00EE
EF00 00EF
F000 00F0
F100 00F1
F200 00F2
F300 00F3
F400 00F4
F500 00F5
F600 00F6
F700 00F7
F800 00F8
F900 00F9
FA00 00FA
FB00 00FB
FC00 00FC
FD00 00FD
FE00 00FE
FF00 00FF
2.12.2.3.2
Symbol In Error
Eh Dh Ch Bh Ah 9h 8h 7h
E2E2 E271 E280
E3E3 E3C9 E3DC
E4E4 E472 E439
E5E5 E5CA E565
E6E6 E673 E681
E7E7 E7CB E7DD
E8E8 E874 E83A
E9E9 E9CC E966
EAEA EA75 EA82
EBEB EBCD EBDE
ECEC EC76 EC3B
EDED EDCE ED67
EEEE EE77 EE83
EFEF EFCF EFDF
F0F0 F078 F03C
F1F1 F1C0 F160
F2F2 F279 F284
F3F3 F3C1 F3D8
F4F4 F47A F43D
F5F5 F5C2 F561
F6F6 F67B F685
F7F7 F7C3 F7D9
F8F8 F87C F83E
F9F9 F9C4 F962
FAFA FA7D FA86
FBFB FBC5 FBDA
FCFC FC7E FC3F
FDFD FDC6 FD63
FEFE FE7F FE87
FFFF FFC7 FFDB
E240
E36E
E4A4
E58A
E6F8
E7D6
E81D
E933
EA41
EB6F
ECA5
ED8B
EEF9
EFD7
F01E
F130
F242
F36C
F4A6
F588
F6FA
F7D4
F81F
F931
FA43
FB6D
FCA7
FD89
FEFB
FFD5
E29C
E35A
E4EA
E52C
E617
E7D1
E806
E9C0
EAFB
EB3D
EC8D
ED4B
EE70
EFB6
F0AF
F169
F252
F394
F424
F5E2
F6D9
F71F
F8C8
F90E
FA35
FBF3
FC43
FD85
FEBE
FF78
6h
E24E E249 E227 E250 71E2 80E2
E32D E3B4 E3AE E3CD C9E3 DCE3
E475 E4A5 E482 E48D 72E4 39E4
E516 E558 E50B E510 CAE5 65E5
E6B3 E62E E6E1 E6C6 73E6 81E6
E7D0 E7D3 E768 E75B CBE7 DDE7
E803 E80C E8B9 E846 74E8 3AE8
E960 E9F1 E930 E9DB CCE9 66E9
EAC5 EA87 EADA EA0D 75EA 82EA
EBA6 EB7A EB53 EB90 CDEB DEEB
ECFE EC6B EC7F ECD0 76EC 3BEC
ED9D ED96 EDF6 ED4D CEED 67ED
EE38 EEE0 EE1C EE9B 77EE 83EE
EF5B EF1D EF95 EF06 CFEF DFEF
F0EF F02F F0CF F0A1 78F0 3CF0
F18C F1D2 F146 F13C C0F1 60F1
F229 F2A4 F2AC F2EA 79F2 84F2
F34A F359 F325 F377 C1F3 D8F3
F412 F448 F409 F437 7AF4 3DF4
F571 F5B5 F580 F5AA C2F5 61F5
F6D4 F6C3 F66A F67C 7BF6 85F6
F7B7 F73E F7E3 F7E1 C3F7 D9F7
F864 F8E1 F832 F8FC 7CF8 3EF8
F907 F91C F9BB F961 C4F9 62F9
FAA2 FA6A FA51 FAB7 7DFA 86FA
FBC1 FB97 FBD8 FB2A C5FB DAFB
FC99 FC86 FCF4 FC6A 7EFC 3FFC
FDFA FD7B FD7D FDF7 C6FD 63FD
FE5F FE0D FE97 FE21 7FFE 87FE
FF3C FFF0 FF1E FFBC C7FF DBFF
5h
4h
3h
40E2
6EE3
A4E4
8AE5
F8E6
D6E7
1DE8
33E9
41EA
6FEB
A5EC
8BED
F9EE
D7EF
1EF0
30F1
42F2
6CF3
A6F4
88F5
FAF6
D4F7
1FF8
31F9
43FA
6DFB
A7FC
89FD
FBFE
D5FF
9CE2
5AE3
EAE4
2CE5
17E6
D1E7
06E8
C0E9
FBEA
3DEB
8DEC
4BED
70EE
B6EF
AFF0
69F1
52F2
94F3
24F4
E2F5
D9F6
1FF7
C8F8
0EF9
35FA
F3FB
43FC
85FD
BEFE
78FF
4EE2
2DE3
75E4
16E5
B3E6
D0E7
03E8
60E9
C5EA
A6EB
FEEC
9DED
38EE
5BEF
EFF0
8CF1
29F2
4AF3
12F4
71F5
D4F6
B7F7
64F8
07F9
A2FA
C1FB
99FC
FAFD
5FFE
3CFF
2h
1h
49E2 27E2
B4E3 AEE3
A5E4 82E4
58E5 0BE5
2EE6 E1E6
D3E7 68E7
0CE8 B9E8
F1E9 30E9
87EA DAEA
7AEB 53EB
6BEC 7FEC
96ED F6ED
E0EE 1CEE
1DEF 95EF
2FF0 CFF0
D2F1 46F1
A4F2 ACF2
59F3 25F3
48F4 09F4
B5F5 80F5
C3F6 6AF6
3EF7 E3F7
E1F8 32F8
1CF9 BBF9
6AFA 51FA
97FB D8FB
86FC F4FC
7BFD 7DFD
0DFE 97FE
F0FF 1EFF
0h
50E2
CDE3
8DE4
10E5
C6E6
5BE7
46E8
DBE9
0DEA
90EB
D0EC
4DED
9BEE
06EF
A1F0
3CF1
EAF2
77F3
37F4
AAF5
7CF6
E1F7
FCF8
61F9
B7FA
2AFB
6AFC
F7FD
21FE
BCFF
x4 ECC
The use of x4 ECC is indicated in F3x180[EccSymbolSize].
The syndrome field uniquely identifies the failing bit positions of a correctable ECC error. Only syndromes
identified by Table 79 are correctable by the error correcting code.
Symbols 00h-0Fh map to data bits 0-63; symbols 10h-1Fh map to data bits 64-127; symbols 20-21h map to
ECC check bits for data bits 0-63; symbols 22-23h map to ECC check bits for data bits 64-127.
To use Table 79, first find the 16-bit syndrome value in the table. This is most easily done by using low order 4
bits of the syndrome to select the appropriate error bitmask column. The entire four digit syndrome should then
be in one of the rows of that column. The Symbol In Error row indicates which symbol, and therefore which
DIMM has the error, and the column indicates which bits within the symbol. To map to the DIMM, use the
algorithm in section 2.8.6 [Routing DRAM Requests].
For example, if the ECC syndrome is 6913h, then symbol 05h has the error, and bits 0 and 1 within that symbol
are corrupted, since the syndrome is in column 3h (0011b). Symbol 05h maps to bits 23-20, so the corrupted
bits are 20 and 21.
181
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table 79: x4 ECC correctable syndromes
Symbol
Error Bitmask
In Error 0001 0010 0011 0100 0101 0110 0111 1000 1001 1010 1011 1100 1101 1110 1111
Data 0
e821 7c32 9413 bb44 5365 c776 2f57 dd88 35a9 a1ba 499b 66cc 8eed 1afe f2df
Data 1
5d31 a612 fb23 9584 c8b5 3396 6ea7 eac8 b7f9 4cda 11eb 7f4c 227d d95e 846f
Data 2
0001 0002 0003 0004 0005 0006 0007 0008 0009 000a 000b 000c 000d 000e 000f
Data 3
2021 3032 1013 4044 6065 7076 5057 8088 a0a9 b0ba 909b c0cc e0ed f0fe d0df
Data 4
5041 a082 f0c3 9054 c015 30d6 6097 e0a8 b0e9 402a 106b 70fc 20bd d07e 803f
Data 5
be21 d732 6913 2144 9f65 f676 4857 3288 8ca9 e5ba 5b9b 13cc aded c4fe 7adf
Data 6
4951 8ea2 c7f3 5394 1ac5 dd36 9467 a1e8 e8b9 2f4a 661b f27c bb2d 7cde 358f
Data 7
74e1 9872 ec93 d6b4 a255 4ec6 3a27 6bd8 1f39 f3aa 874b bd6c c98d 251e 51ff
Data 8
15c1 2a42 3f83 cef4 db35 e4b6 f177 4758 5299 6d1a 78db 89ac 9c6d a3ee b62f
Data 9
3d01 1602 2b03 8504 b805 9306 ae07 ca08 f709 dc0a e10b 4f0c 720d 590e 640f
Data 10
9801 ec02 7403 6b04 f305 8706 1f07 bd08 2509 510a c90b d60c 4e0d 3a0e a20f
Data 11
d131 6212 b323 3884 e9b5 5a96 8ba7 1cc8 cdf9 7eda afeb 244c f57d 465e 976f
Data 12
e1d1 7262 93b3 b834 59e5 ca56 2b87 dc18 3dc9 ae7a 4fab 642c 85fd 164e f79f
Data 13
6051 b0a2 d0f3 1094 70c5 a036 c067 20e8 40b9 904a f01b 307c 502d 80de e08f
Data 14
a4c1 f842 5c83 e6f4 4235 1eb6 ba77 7b58 df99 831a 27db 9dac 396d 65ee c12f
Data 15
11c1 2242 3383 c8f4 d935 eab6 fb77 4c58 5d99 6e1a 7fdb 84ac 956d a6ee b72f
Data 16
45d1 8a62 cfb3 5e34 1be5 d456 9187 a718 e2c9 2d7a 68ab f92c bcfd 734e 369f
Data 17
63e1 b172 d293 14b4 7755 a5c6 c627 28d8 4b39 99aa fa4b 3c6c 5f8d 8d1e eeff
Data 18
b741 d982 6ec3 2254 9515 fbd6 4c97 33a8 84e9 ea2a 5d6b 11fc a6bd c87e 7f3f
Data 19
dd41 6682 bbc3 3554 e815 53d6 8e97 1aa8 c7e9 7c2a a16b 2ffc f2bd 497e 943f
Data 20
2bd1 3d62 16b3 4f34 64e5 7256 5987 8518 aec9 b87a 93ab ca2c e1fd f74e dc9f
Data 21
83c1 c142 4283 a4f4 2735 65b6 e677 f858 7b99 391a badb 5cac df6d 9dee 1e2f
Data 22
8fd1 c562 4ab3 a934 26e5 6c56 e387 fe18 71c9 3b7a b4ab 572c d8fd 924e 1d9f
Data 23
4791 89e2 ce73 5264 15f5 db86 9c17 a3b8 e429 2a5a 6dcb f1dc b64d 783e 3faf
Data 24
5781 a9c2 fe43 92a4 c525 3b66 6ce7 e3f8 b479 4a3a 1dbb 715c 26dd d89e 8f1f
Data 25
bf41 d582 6ac3 2954 9615 fcd6 4397 3ea8 81e9 eb2a 546b 17fc a8bd c27e 7d3f
Data 26
9391 e1e2 7273 6464 f7f5 8586 1617 b8b8 2b29 595a cacb dcdc 4f4d 3d3e aeaf
Data 27
cce1 4472 8893 fdb4 3155 b9c6 7527 56d8 9a39 12aa de4b ab6c 678d ef1e 23ff
Data 28
a761 f9b2 5ed3 e214 4575 1ba6 bcc7 7328 d449 8a9a 2dfb 913c 365d 688e cfef
Data 29
ff61 55b2 aad3 7914 8675 2ca6 d3c7 9e28 6149 cb9a 34fb e73c 185d b28e 4def
Data 30
5451 a8a2 fcf3 9694 c2c5 3e36 6a67 ebe8 bfb9 434a 171b 7d7c 292d d5de 818f
Data 31
6fc1 b542 da83 19f4 7635 acb6 c377 2e58 4199 9b1a f4db 37ac 586d 82ee ed2f
Check0
be01 d702 6903 2104 9f05 f606 4807 3208 8c09 e50a 5b0b 130c ad0d c40e 7a0f
Check1
4101 8202 c303 5804 1905 da06 9b07 ac08 ed09 2e0a 6f0b f40c b50d 760e 370f
Check2
c441 4882 8cc3 f654 3215 bed6 7a97 5ba8 9fe9 132a d76b adfc 69bd e57e 213f
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Table 79: x4 ECC correctable syndromes
Symbol
Error Bitmask
In Error 0001 0010 0011 0100 0101 0110 0111 1000 1001 1010 1011 1100 1101 1110 1111
Check3
7621 9b32 ed13 da44 ac65 4176 3757 6f88 19a9 f4ba 829b b5cc c3ed 2efe 58df
2.12.3
Sideband Interface (SBI)
The sideband interface (SBI) is an SMBus v2.0 compatible 2-wire processor slave interface. SBI is also
referred as the Advanced Platform Management Link. All I2C v2.1 speeds are supported.
SBI is used to communicate with the Remote Management Interface (SB-RMI) (see the Advanced Platform
Management Link (APML) Specification) and the Temperature Sensor Interface (SB-TSI). Revision C and earlier is compliant to version 1.0 of SB-TSI. Revision D and later is compliant to version 1.5 of SB-TSI and version 1.0 of APML. See F3x1EC_x[FF:01][SB-TSI Interface Revision Register] and F3x1EC_x1[7F:00][SBRMI Interface Revision Register.
2.12.3.1
SBI Processor Information
Processor access to the SBI configuration is via [The SBI Control Register] F3x1E4. The processor can access
SB-TSI and SB-RMI registers through [The SBI Address Register] F3x1E8 and [The SBI Data Register]
F3x1EC.
2.13 Interrupts
2.13.1
Local APIC
The local APIC contains logic to receive interrupts from a variety of sources and to send interrupts to other
local APICs, as well as registers to control its behavior and report status. Interrupts can be received from:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
IO devices including the IO hub (IO APICs)
Other local APICs (inter-processor interrupts)
APIC timer
Thermal events
Performance counters
Legacy local interrupts from the IO hub (INTR and NMI)
APIC internal errors
The APIC timer, thermal events, performance counters, local interrupts, and internal errors are all considered
local interrupt sources, and their routing is controlled by local vector table entries. These entries assign a message type and vector to each interrupt, allow them to be masked, and track the status of the interrupt.
IO and inter-processor interrupts have their message type and vector assigned at the source and are unaltered
by the local APIC. They carry a destination field and a mode bit that together determine which local APIC(s)
accepts them. The destination mode (DM) bit specifies if the interrupt request packet should be handled in
physical or logical destination mode. If the destination field matches the broadcast value specified by
F0x68[ApicExtBrdCst], then the interrupt is a broadcast interrupt and is accepted by all local APICs regardless
of destination mode.
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Physical Destination Mode
The interrupt is only accepted by the local APIC whose APIC20[ApicId] matches the destination field of the
interrupt. Physical mode allows up to 255 APICs to be addressed individually.
2.13.1.2
Logical Destination Mode
A local APIC accepts interrupts selected by [The Logical Destination Register] APICD0 and the destination
field of the interrupt using either cluster or flat format as configured by APICE0[Format].
If flat destinations are in use, bits 7-0 of APICD0[Destination] are checked against bits 7-0 of the arriving
interrupt’s destination field. If any bit position is set in both fields, the local APIC is a valid destination. Flat
format allows up to 8 APICs to be addressed individually.
If cluster destinations are in use, bits 7-4 of APICD0[Destination] are checked against bits 7-4 of the arriving
interrupt’s destination field to identify the cluster. If all of bits 7-4 match, then bits 3-0 of APICD0[Destination]
and the interrupt destination are checked for any bit positions that are set in both fields to identify processors
within the cluster. If both conditions are met, the local APIC is a valid destination. Cluster format allows 15
clusters of 4 APICs each to be addressed.
2.13.1.3
Interrupt Delivery
SMI, NMI, INIT, Startup, and External interrupts are classified as non-vectored interrupts.
When an APIC accepts a non-vectored interrupt, it is handled directly by the processor instead of being queued
in the APIC. When an APIC accepts a fixed or lowest-priority interrupt, it sets the bit in [The Interrupt Request
Registers] APIC[270:200] corresponding to the vector in the interrupt. For local interrupt sources, this comes
from the vector field in that interrupt’s local vector table entry. The corresponding bit in [The Trigger Mode
Registers] APIC[1F0:180] is set if the interrupt is level-triggered and cleared if edge-triggered. If a subsequent
interrupt with the same vector arrives when the corresponding bit in APIC[270:200][RequestBits] is already
set, the two interrupts are collapsed into one. Vectors 15-0 are reserved.
2.13.1.4
Vectored Interrupt Handling
[The Task Priority Register] APIC80 and [The Processor Priority Register] APICA0 each contain an 8-bit priority divided into a main priority (bits 7-4) and a priority sub-class (bits 3-0). The task priority is assigned by
software to set a threshold priority at which the processor is interrupted.
The processor priority is calculated by comparing the main priority (bits 7-4) of APIC80[Priority] to bits 7-4 of
the 8-bit encoded value of the highest bit set in [The In-Service Registers] APIC[170:100]. The processor priority is the higher of the two main priorities.
The processor priority is used to determine if any accepted interrupts (indicated by APIC[270:200][RequestBits]) are high enough priority to be serviced by the processor. When the processor is ready to service an interrupt, the highest bit in APIC[270:200][RequestBits] is cleared, and the corresponding bit is set in
APIC[170:100][InServiceBits].
When the processor has completed service for an interrupt, it performs a write to [The End of Interrupt Register] APICB0, clearing the highest bit in APIC[170:100][InServiceBits] and causing the next-highest interrupt
to be serviced. If the corresponding bit in APIC[1F0:180][TriggerModeBits] is set, a write to APICB0 is performed on all APICs to complete service of the interrupt at the source.
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Interrupt Masking
Interrupt masking is controlled by the [The Extended APIC Control Register] APIC410. If APIC410[IerCap] is
set, [The Interrupt Enable Registers] APIC[4F0:480] are used to mask interrupts. Any bit in
APIC[4F0:480][InterruptEnableBits] that is clear indicates the corresponding interrupt is masked. A masked
interrupt is not serviced and the corresponding bit in APIC[270:200][RequestBits] remains set.
2.13.1.6
Spurious Interrupts
In the event that the task priority is set to or above the level of the interrupt to be serviced, the local APIC
delivers a spurious interrupt vector to the processor, as specified by [The Spurious Interrupt Vector Register]
APICF0. APIC[170:100] is not changed and no write to APICB0 occurs.
2.13.1.6.1
Spurious Interrupts Caused by Timer Tick Interrupt
A typical interrupt is asserted until it is serviced. An interrupt is deasserted when software clears the interrupt
status bit within the interrupt service routine. Timer tick interrupt is an exception, since it is deasserted regardless of whether it is serviced or not.
The processor is not always able to service interrupts immediately (i.e. when interrupts are masked by clearing
EFLAGS.IM).
If the processor is not able to service the timer tick interrupt for an extended period of time, the INTR caused
by the first timer tick interrupt asserted during that time is delivered to the local APIC in ExtInt mode and
latched, and the subsequent timer tick interrupts are lost. The following cases are possible when the processor
is ready to service interrupts:
• An ExtInt interrupt is pending, and INTR is asserted. This results in timer tick interrupt servicing. This
occurs 50 percent of the time.
• An ExtInt interrupt is pending, and INTR is deasserted. The processor sends the interrupt acknowledge
cycle, but when the PIC receives it, INTR is deasserted, and the PIC sends a spurious interrupt vector. This
occurs 50 percent of the time.
There is a 50 percent probability of spurious interrupts to the processor.
2.13.1.7
Lowest-Priority Interrupt Arbitration
Fixed, remote read, and non-vectored interrupts are accepted by their destination APICs without arbitration.
Delivery of lowest-priority interrupts requires all APICs to arbitrate to determine which one accepts the interrupt. If APICF0[FocusDisable] is clear, then the focus processor for an interrupt always accepts the interrupt.
A processor is the focus of an interrupt if it is already servicing that interrupt (corresponding bit in
APIC[170:100][InServiceBits] is set) or if it already has a pending request for that interrupt (corresponding bit
in APIC[270:200][RequestBits] is set). If APIC410[IerCap] is set the interrupt must also be enabled in
APIC[4F0:480][InterruptEnableBits] for a processor to be the focus processor. If there is no focus processor
for an interrupt, or focus processor checking is disabled, then each APIC calculates an arbitration priority
value, stored in [The Arbitration Priority Register] APIC90, and the one with the lowest result accepts the
interrupt.
The arbitration priority value is calculated by comparing APIC80[Priority] with the 8-bit encoded value of the
highest bit set in APIC[270:200][RequestBits] (IRRVec) and the 8-bit encoded value of the highest bit set
APIC[170:100][InServiceBits] (ISRVec). If APIC410[IerCap] is set the IRRVec and ISRVec are based off the
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highest enabled interrupt. The main priority bits 7-4 are compared as follows:
If (APIC80[Priority[7:4]] >= IRRVec[7:4] and APIC80[Priority[7:4]] > ISRVec[7:4])
Then APIC90[Priority] = APIC80[Priority]
Else if (IRRVec[7:4] > ISRVec[7:4]) APIC90[Priority] = {IRRVec[7:4],0h}
Else APIC90[Priority] = {ISRVect[7:4],0h}
2.13.1.8
Inter-Processor Interrupts
[The Interrupt Command Register Low] APIC300 and [The Interrupt Command Register High] APIC310 provide a mechanism for generating interrupts in order to redirect an interrupt to another processor, originate an
interrupt to another processor, or allow a processor to interrupt itself. A write to register APIC300 causes an
interrupt to be generated with the properties specified by the APIC300 and APIC310 fields.
2.13.1.9
APIC Timer Operation
The local APIC contains a 32-bit timer, controlled by [The Timer Local Vector Table Entry] APIC320, [The
Timer Initial Count Register] APIC380, and [The Timer Divide Configuration Register] APIC3E0. The processor bus clock is divided by the value in APIC3E0[Div] to obtain a time base for the timer. When
APIC380[Count] is written, the value is copied into [The Timer Current Count Register] APIC390.
APIC390[Count] is decremented at the rate of the divided clock. When the count reaches 0, a timer interrupt is
generated with the vector specified in APIC320[Vector]. If APIC320[Mode] specifies periodic operation,
APIC390[Count] is reloaded with the APIC380[Count] value, and it continues to decrement at the rate of the
divided clock. If APIC320[Mask] is set, timer interrupts are not generated.
2.13.1.10
Generalized Local Vector Table
All LVTs (APIC320 through APIC370 and APIC[530:500]) support a generalized message type. The generalized values for MsgType are:
• 000b=Fixed
• 010b=SMI
• 100b=NMI
• 111b=ExtINT
2.13.1.11
State at Reset
At power-up or reset, the APIC is hardware disabled (MSR0000_001B[ApicEn]=0) so only SMI, NMI, INIT,
and ExtInt interrupts may be accepted.
The APIC can be software disabled through APICF0[APICSWEn]. The software disable has no effect when
the APIC is hardware disabled.
When a processor accepts an INIT interrupt, the APIC is reset as at power-up, with the exception that
APIC20[ApicId], APIC410, and APIC[530:500] are unaffected.
2.13.2
System Management Mode (SMM)
System management mode (SMM) is typically used for system control activities such as power management.
These activities are typically transparent to the operating system.
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SMM Overview
SMM is entered by a core on the next instruction boundary after a system management interrupt (SMI) is
received and recognized. A CPU may be programmed to broadcast a special cycle to the system, indicating that
it is entering SMM mode. The core then saves its state into the SMM memory state save area and jumps to the
SMI service routine (or SMI handler). The pointer to the SMI handler is specified by MSRs. The code and data
for the SMI handler are stored in the SMM memory area, which may be isolated from the main memory
accesses.
The core returns from SMM by executing the RSM instruction from the SMI handler. The core restores its state
from the SMM state save area and resumes execution of the instruction following the point where it entered
SMM. The core may be programmed to broadcast a special bus cycle to the system, indicating that it is exiting
SMM mode.
2.13.2.2
Operating Mode and Default Register Values
The software environment after entering SMM has the following characteristics:
• Addressing and operation is in Real mode. A far branch in the SMI handler can only address the lower 1M of
memory, unless the SMI handler first switches to protected mode.
• 4-Gbyte segment limits.
• Default 16-bit operand, address, and stack sizes (instruction prefixes can override these defaults).
• Control transfers that do not override the default operand size truncate the EIP to 16 bits.
• Far jumps or calls cannot transfer control to a segment with a base address requiring more than 20 bits, as in
Real mode segment-base addressing, unless a change is made into protected mode.
• A20M# is disabled. A20M# assertion or deassertion have no affect during SMM.
• Interrupt vectors use the Real mode interrupt vector table.
• The IF flag in EFLAGS is cleared (INTR is not recognized).
• The TF flag in EFLAGS is cleared.
• The NMI and INIT interrupts are masked.
• Debug register DR7 is cleared (debug traps are disabled).
The SMM base address is specified by [The SMM Base Address Register (SMM_BASE)]
MSRC001_0111[SMM_BASE]. Important offsets to the base address pointer are:
• MSRC001_0111[SMM_BASE] + 8000h: SMI handler entry point.
• MSRC001_0111[SMM_BASE] + FE00h - FFFFh: SMM state save area.
2.13.2.3
SMI Sources And Delivery
The processor accepts SMIs as link-defined interrupt messages only. The core/node destination of these SMIs
is a function of the destination field of these messages. However, the expectation is that all such SMI messages
are specified to be delivered globally (to all cores of all nodes).
There are also several local events that can trigger SMIs. However, these local events do not generate SMIs
directly. Each of them triggers a programmable IO cycle that is expected to target the SMI command port in the
IO hub and trigger a global SMI interrupt message back to the coherent fabric.
Local sources of SMI events that generate the IO cycle specified in [The SMI Trigger IO Cycle Register]
MSRC001_0056 are:
• In the core, as specified by:
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• [The Machine Check Exception Redirection Register] MSRC001_0022.
• [The IO Trap Registers (SMI_ON_IO_TRAP_[3:0])] MSRC001_00[53:50].
• In the NB, as specified by:
• [The On-Line Spare Control Register] F3xB0.
• [The NB Machine Check Misc (Thresholding) Registers] F3x1[78, 70, 68, 60].
• All local APIC LVT registers programmed to generate SMIs.
The status for these is stored in SMMFEC4.
In addition, there are SMI events that trigger IO cycles defined by [The Interrupt Pending and CMP-Halt Register] MSRC001_0055; see that register for the events.
2.13.2.4
SMM Initial State
After storing the save state, execution starts at MSRC001_0111[SMM_BASE] + 08000h. The SMM initial
state is specified in the following table.
Table 80: SMM initial state
Register
CS
DS
ES
FS
GS
SS
General-Purpose Registers
EFLAGS
RIP
CR0
CR4
GDTR
LDTR
IDTR
TR
DR6
DR7
EFER
2.13.2.5
SMM Initial State
SMM_BASE[19:4]
0000h
0000h
0000h
0000h
0000h
Unmodified
0000_0002h
0000_0000_0000_8000h
Bits 0, 2, 3, and 31 cleared (PE, EM, TS, and PG); remainder is unmodified
0000_0000_0000_0000h
Unmodified
Unmodified
Unmodified
Unmodified
Unmodified
0000_0000_0000_0400h
All bits are cleared except bit 12 (SVME) which is unmodified.
SMM Save State
In the following table, the offset field provides the offset from the SMM base address specified by [The SMM
Base Address Register (SMM_BASE)] MSRC001_0111.
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Table 81: SMM Save State
Offset
FE00h
FE02h
FE08h
FE10h
FE12h
FE18h
FE20h
FE22h
FE28h
FE30h
FE32h
FE38h
FE40h
FE42h
FE44h
Size
Word
6 Bytes
Quadword
Word
6 Bytes
Quadword
Word
6 Bytes
Quadword
Word
6 Bytes
Quadword
Word
2 Bytes
Doubleword
FE48h
FE50h
FE52h
FE54h
Quadword
Word
2 Bytes
Doubleword
FE58h
FE60h
FE64h
FE66h
FE68h
FE70h
FE72h
FE74h
FE78h
FE80h
FE84h
FEB6h
FE88h
FE90h
FE92h
FE94h
FE98h
Quadword
4 Bytes
Word
2 Bytes
Quadword
Word
Word
Doubleword
Quadword
4 Bytes
Word
2 Bytes
Quadword
Word
Word
Doubleword
Quadword
Contents
ES
Selector
reserved
Descriptor in memory format
CS
Selector
reserved
Descriptor in memory format
SS
Selector
reserved
Descriptor in memory format
DS
Selector
reserved
Descriptor in memory format
FS
Selector
reserved
GS
FS Base {16'b[47], 47:32}1
Descriptor in memory format
Selector
reserved
GS Base {16'b[47], 47:32}1
Descriptor in memory format
GDTR reserved
Limit
reserved
Descriptor in memory format
LDTR Selector
Attributes
Limit
Base
IDTR reserved
Limit
reserved
Base
TR
Selector
Attributes
Limit
Base
Access
Read-only
Read-only
Read-only
Read-only
Read-only
Read-only
Read-only
Read-only
Read-only
Read-only
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Table 81: SMM Save State
Offset
FEA0h
FEA8h
FEB0h
FEB8h
FEC0h
FEC4
FEC8h
FEC9h
FECAh
FECBh
FED0h
FED8h
FEE0h
FEE8h
FEF0h
FEFCh
FF00h
Size
Quadword
Quadword
Quadword
Quadword
Doubleword
Doubleword
Byte
Byte
Byte
5 Bytes
Quadword
Quadword
Quadword
Quadword
16 Bytes
Doubleword
Doubleword
Contents
IO_RESTART_RIP
IO_RESTART_RCX
IO_RESTART_RSI
IO_RESTART_RDI
[The SMM IO Trap Offset] SMMFEC0
[The Local SMI Status] SMMFEC4
[The SMM IO Restart Byte] SMMFEC8
[The Auto Halt Restart Offset] SMMFEC9
[The NMI Mask] SMMFECA
reserved
EFER
SVM State
Guest VMCB physical address
SVM Virtual Interrupt Control
reserved
[The SMM-Revision Identifier] SMMFEFC
[The SMM Base Address Register (SMM_BASE)]
SMMFF00
reserved
Guest PAT
FF04h
FF20h
FF28h
28 Bytes
Quadword
Quadword
FF30h
Quadword
Host CR42
FF38h
Quadword
Host CR32
FF40h
Quadword
FF48h
FF50h
FF58h
FF60h
FF68h
FF70h
FF78h
FF80h
FF88h
FF90h
FF98h
FFA0h
FFA8h
FFB0h
FFB8h
Quadword
Quadword
Quadword
Quadword
Quadword
Quadword
Quadword
Quadword
Quadword
Quadword
Quadword
Quadword
Quadword
Quadword
Quadword
Host Cr02
CR4
CR3
CR0
DR7
DR6
RFLAGS
RIP
R15
R14
R13
R12
R11
R10
R9
R8
Access
Read-only
Read-only
Read-only
Read-write
Read-write
Read-write
Read-only
Read-only
Read-only
Read-only
Read-only
Read-write
Read-only
Host EFER2
Read-only
Read-write
Read-write
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Table 81: SMM Save State
Offset
Size
Contents
Access
FFC0h
Quadword
RDI
Read-write
FFC8h
Quadword
RSI
FFD0h
Quadword
RBP
FFD8h
Quadword
RSP
FFE0h
Quadword
RBX
FFE8h
Quadword
RDX
FFF0h
Quadword
RCX
FFF8h
Quadword
RAX
Notes:
1. This notation specifies that bit[47] is replicated in each of the 16 MSBs of the DW (sometimes called sign
extended). The 16 LSBs contain bits[47:32].
2. Only used for an SMI in guest mode with nested paging enabled.
The SMI save state includes most of the integer execution unit. Not included in the save state are: the floating
point state, MSRs, and CR2. In order to be used by the SMI handler, these must be saved and restored. The
save state is the same, regardless of the operating mode (32-bit or 64-bit).
The following are some offsets in the SMM save state area. The mnemonic for each offset is in the form
SMMxxxx, where xxxx is the offset in the save state.
SMMFEC0 SMM IO Trap Offset
If the assertion of SMI is recognized on the boundary of an IO instruction, [The SMM IO Trap Offset]
SMMFEC0 contains information about that IO instruction. For example, if an IO access targets an unavailable
device, the system can assert SMI and trap the IO instruction. SMMFEC0 then provides the SMI handler with
information about the IO instruction that caused the trap. After the SMI handler takes the appropriate action, it
can reconstruct and then re-execute the IO instruction from SMM. Or, more likely, it can use [The SMM IO
Restart Byte] SMMFEC8, to cause the core to re-execute the IO instruction immediately after resuming from
SMM.
Bits Description
31:16 Port: trapped IO port address. Read-only. This provides the address of the IO instruction.
15:12 BPR: IO breakpoint match. Read-only.
11
TF: EFLAGS TF value. Read-only.
10:7 Reserved.
6
SZ32: size 32 bits. Read-only. 1=Port access was 32 bits.
5
SZ16: size 16 bits. Read-only.1= Port access was 16 bits.
4
SZ8: size 8 bits. Read-only. 1=Port access was 8 bits.
3
REP: repeated port access. Read-only.
2
STR: string-based port access. Read-only.
1
V: IO trap word valid. Read-only. 1=The core entered SMM on an IO instruction boundary; all information in this offset is valid. 0=The other fields of this offset are not valid.
0
RW: port access type. Read-only. 0=IO write (OUT instruction). 1=IO read (IN instruction).
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SMMFEC4 Local SMI Status
This offset stores status bits associated with SMI sources local to the core. For each of these bits, 1=The associated mechanism generated an SMI.
Bits
Description
31:23 Reserved.
22
SmiSrcOnLineSpare: SMI source on-line spare. This bit is associated with the SMI sources specified in [The On-Line Spare Control Register] F3xB0.
21
Reserved.
20
SmiSrcThrCntL3: SMI source L3 cache thresholding. This bit is associated with the SMI source
specified in the L3 cache thresholding register (see [The NB Machine Check Misc (Thresholding)
Registers] F3x1[78, 70, 68, 60]).
19
SmiSrcThrCntHt: SMI source link thresholding. This bit is associated with the SMI source specified in the link thresholding register (see [The NB Machine Check Misc (Thresholding) Registers]
F3x1[78, 70, 68, 60]).
18
SmiSrcThrCntDram: SMI source DRAM thresholding. This bit is associated with the SMI source
specified in the DRAM thresholding register (see [The NB Machine Check Misc (Thresholding) Registers] F3x1[78, 70, 68, 60]).
17
SmiSrcLvtExt: SMI source LVT extended entry. This bit is associated with the SMI sources specified in [The Extended Interrupt [3:0] Local Vector Table Registers] APIC[530:500].
16
SmiSrcLvtLcy: SMI source LVT legacy entry. This bit is associated with the SMI sources specified
by the non-extended LVT entries of the APIC.
15:11 Reserved.
10
IntPendSmiSts: interrupt pending SMI status. This bit is associated with the SMI source specified
in [The Interrupt Pending and CMP-Halt Register] MSRC001_0055[IntrPndMsg] (when that bit is
high).
9
SmiOnCmpHaltSts: SMI on CMP halt status. This bit is associated with the SMI source specified
in [The Interrupt Pending and CMP-Halt Register] MSRC001_0055[SmiOnCmpHalt].
8
MceRedirSts: machine check exception redirection status. This bit is associated with the SMI
source specified in [The Machine Check Exception Redirection Register]
MSRC001_0022[RedirSmiEn].
7:4
Reserved.
3:0
IoTrapSts: IO trap status. Each of these bits is associated with each of the respective SMI sources
specified in [The IO Trap Registers (SMI_ON_IO_TRAP_[3:0])] MSRC001_00[53:50].
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SMMFEC8 SMM IO Restart Byte
00h on entry into SMM.
If the core entered SMM on an IO instruction boundary, the SMI handler may write this to FFh. This causes
the core to re-execute the trapped IO instruction immediately after resuming from SMM. The SMI handler
should only write to this byte if SMMFEC0[V]=1; otherwise, the behavior is undefined.
If a second SMI is asserted while a valid IO instruction is trapped by the first SMI handler, the CPU services
the second SMI prior to re-executing the trapped IO instruction. SMMFEC0[V]=0 during the second entry
into SMM, and the second SMI handler must not rewrite this byte.
If there is a simultaneous SMI IO instruction trap and debug breakpoint trap, the processor first responds to
the SMI and postpones recognizing the debug exception until after resuming from SMM. If debug registers
other than DR6 and DR7 are used while in SMM, they must be saved and restored by the SMI handler. If [The
SMM IO Restart Byte] SMMFEC8, is set to FFh when the RSM instruction is executed, the debug trap does
not occur until after the IO instruction is re-executed.
Bits Description
7:0
RST: SMM IO Restart Byte. Read-write.
SMMFEC9 Auto Halt Restart Offset
Bits Description
7:1
0
Reserved.
HLT: halt restart. Read-write. Upon SMM entry, this bit indicates whether SMM was entered from
the halt state. 0=Entered SMM on a normal x86 instruction boundary. 1=Entered SMM from the halt
state.
Before returning from SMM, this bit can be written by the SMI handler to specify whether the return
from SMM should take the processor back to the halt state or to the instruction-execution state specified by the SMM state save area (normally, the instruction after the halt). 0=Return to the instruction
specified in the SMM save state. 1=Return to the halt state. If the return from SMM takes the processor
back to the halt state, the HLT instruction is not refetched and re-executed. However, the halt special
bus cycle is broadcast and the processor enters the halt state.
SMMFECA NMI Mask
Bits Description
7:1
0
Reserved.
NmiMask. Read-write. Specifies whether NMI was masked upon entry to SMM. 0=NMI not masked.
1=NMI masked.
SMMFED8 SMM SVM State
This offset stores the SVM state of the processor upon entry into SMM.
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Bits Description
63:4 Reserved.
3
2:0
HostEflagsIf: host Eflags IF. Revision RB-C2, BL-C2 and earlier: Reserved. Revision DA-C2 and
C3 and later: Read-only.
SVM State. Read-only.
Bits
Definition
000b
SMM entered from a non-guest state.
001b
Reserved.
010b
SMM entered from a guest state.
101b-011b Reserved.
110b
SMM entered from a guest state with nested paging enabled.
SMMFEFC SMM-Revision Identifier
SMM entry state: 0003_0064h
Bits Description
31:18 Reserved.
17
BRL. Read-only. Base relocation supported.
16
IOTrap. Read-only. IO trap supported.
15:0 Revision. Read-only.
SMMFF00 SMM Base Address Register (SMM_BASE)
This offset is loaded with the contents of MSRC001_0111. See that register for more details.
2.13.2.6
Exceptions and Interrupts in SMM
When SMM is entered, the CPU masks INTR, NMI, SMI, INIT, and A20M interrupts. The CPU clears the IF
flag to disable INTR interrupts. To enable INTR interrupts within SMM, the SMM handler must set the IF flag
to 1. A20M is disabled so that address bit 20 is never masked when in SMM.
Generating an INTR interrupt can be used for unmasking NMI interrupts in SMM. The CPU recognizes the
assertion of NMI within SMM immediately after the completion of an IRET instruction. Once NMI is recognized within SMM, NMI recognition remains enabled until SMM is exited, at which point NMI masking is
restored to the state it was in before entering SMM.
While in SMM, the CPU responds to the DBREQ and STPCLK interrupts, as well as to all exceptions that may
be caused by the SMI handler.
2.13.2.7
The Protected ASeg and TSeg Areas
These ranges are controlled by MSRC001_0112 and MSRC001_0113; see those registers for details.
2.13.2.8
SMM Special Cycles
Special cycles can be initiated on entry and exit from SMM to acknowledge to the system that these transitions
are occurring. These are controlled by MSRC001_0015[SMISPCYCDIS, RSMSPCYCDIS].
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Locking SMM
The SMM registers (MSRC001_0112 and MSRC001_0113) can be locked from being altered by setting
MSRC001_0015[SmmLock]. The BIOS can lock the SMM registers after initialization to prevent unexpected
changes to these registers.
2.13.2.10
Multiple Unsynchronized SMI Sources
When more than one IO device in the system is enabled to signal an SMI, or when a single device may signal
multiple SMI messages without hardware synchronization (e.g. using an end of SMI gate), the processor cores
may enter a state where all cores’ SMI interrupt pending status bits do not match. As a result, the application
processor cores, which are usually slaved by the boot strap core in handling SMIs and controlling SMM flow,
may enter a software loop in SMM.
The BIOS must take special care to ensure that all cores have entered SMM prior to accessing shared IO
resources and all processors’ SMI interrupt status bits are synchronized. The act of synchronizing cores into
SMM is called spring boarding. SMI spring boarding applies to all multi-core processors that are affected by
the platform architectural factors mentioned above.
An ACPI-compliant IO hub is required for SMM spring boarding. Depending on the IO hub design, BIOS may
have to set additional end-of-SMI bits to trigger an SMI from within SMM.
The software requirements for the suggested SMI spring boarding are as follows.
• A binary semaphore located in SMRAM, accessible by all processors. For the purpose of this discussion, the
semaphore is called CheckSpringBoard. CheckSpringBoard is initialized to zero.
• Two semaphores located in SMRAM, accessible by all processors. For the purpose of this discussion, the
semaphores are called NotInSMM and WaitInSMM. NotInSMM and WaitInSMM are initialized to a value
equal to the number of processor cores in the system (NumCPUs).
The following BIOS algorithm describes spring boarding and is optimized to reduce unnecessary SMI activity.
This algorithm must be made part of the SMM instruction sequence for each processor core in the system.
1. Attempt to obtain ownership of the CheckSpringBoard semaphore with a read-modify-write instruction. If
ownership was obtained then do the following, else proceed to step 2:
• Check all enabled SMI status bits in the IO hub.
Let Status=enable1&status1 | enable2&status2 | enable3&status3…enable n&status n.
• If Status=0 then perform the following sub-actions.
• Trigger an SMI broadcast assertion from the IO hub by writing to the software SMI command port.
• Resume from SMM with the RSM instruction.
//Example:
InLineASM{
BTS CheckSpringBoard,0
JC Step_2:
CALL CheckIOHUB_SMIEVT
JNZ Step_2:
CALL Do_SpringBoard
Step_2:
}
;Try to obtain ownership of semaphore
;proc returns ZF=1 for no events
;Trigger SMI and then RSM
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2. Decrement the NotInSMM variable. Wait for NotInSMM=0. See Note 1.
3. Execute the core-local event SMI handler. Using a third semaphore (not described here), synchronize processor core execution at the end of the task. After all processor cores have executed, proceed to step 4. The
following is a brief description of the task for each processor core:
• Check all enabled processor-core-local SMI status bits in the core’s private or MSR address space. Handle the event if possible, or pass information necessary to handle the event to a mailbox for the boot strap
processor to handle.
• An exclusive mailbox must exist for each processor core for each core local event.
• On-line spare events should be handled in this task by the individual core for optimal performance.
Assign one core of a dual core processor to handle On-line spare. These events may be optionally handled by the BSC just as other global events.
• Wait for all processor cores to complete this task at least once.
4. If the current processor core executing instructions is not the BSC then jump to step 5. If the core executing
instructions is the BSC then jump to the modified main SMI handler task, described below.
• Check all enabled SMI status bits in the IO hub. Check mailboxes for event status.
• For each event, handle the event and clear the corresponding status bit.
• Repeat until all enabled SMI status bits are clear and no mailbox events remain.
• Set NotInSMM=NumCPUs. (Jump to step 5.)
5. Decrement the WaitInSMM variable. Wait for WaitInSMM=0. See Note 2.
6. Increment the WaitInSMM variable. Wait for WaitInSMM=NumCPUs.
7. If the current processor core executing instructions is the BSC then reset CheckSpringBoard to zero.
8. Resume from SMM with the RSM instruction.
Notes:
1. To support a secure startup by the secure loader the BIOS must provide a timeout escape from the otherwise endless loop. The timeout value should be large enough to account for the latency of all processor
cores entering SMM. The maximum SMM entrance latency is defined by the platform’s IO sub-system,
not the processor. AMD recommends a value of twice the watchdog timer count. See [The MCA NB Configuration Register] F3x44 for more information on the watchdog time-out value.
If a time-out occurs in the wait loop, the BIOS (the last core to decrement NotInSMM) should record the
number of cores that have not entered SMM and all cores must fall out of the loop.
2. If a time-out occurs in the wait loop in step 2, the BIOS must not wait for WaitInSMM=0. Instead it must
wait for WaitInSMM=the number of cores recorded in step 2.
2.14 Secure Virtual Machine Mode (SVM)
Support for SVM mode is indicated by CPUID Fn8000_0001_ECX[SVM]. If SVM is supported, then the
DEV registers starting at F3xF0 are visible.
2.14.1
BIOS support for SVM Disable
The BIOS should include the following user setup options to enable and disable AMD Virtualization™.
• Enable AMD Virtualization™.
• MSRC001_0114[Svme_Disable] = 0.
• MSRC001_0114[Lock] = 1.
• MSRC001_0118[SvmLockKey] = 0000_0000_0000_0000h.
• Disable AMD Virtualization™.
• MSRC001_0114[Svme_Disable]=1.
• MSRC001_0114[Lock]=1.
• MSRC001_0118[SvmLockKey] = 0000_0000_0000_0000h.
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The BIOS may also include the following user setup options to disable AMD Virtualization™.
• Disable AMD Virtualization™, with a user supplied key.
• MSRC001_0114[Svm_Disable]=1.
• MSRC001_0114[Lock]=1.
• MSRC001_0118[SvmLockKey] programmed with a value supplied by the user. This value should be
stored in NVRAM.
2.15 CPUID Instruction
The CPUID instruction provides data about the features supported by the processor. See 3.9 [CPUID Instruction Registers] for details.
2.15.1
Multi-Core Support
There are two methods for determining multi-core support. A recommended mechanism is provided and a legacy method is also available for existing operating systems. System software should use the correct architectural mechanism to detect the number of physical cores by observing CPUID Fn8000_0008_ECX[NC]. The
legacy method utilizes the CPUID Fn0000_0001_EBX[LogicalProcessorCount].
2.15.2
L3 Cache Support
The BIOS must determine if the processor includes a third level memory cache (L3) by reading [The L2/L3
Cache and L2 TLB Identifiers] CPUID Fn8000_0006 and take steps to correctly display cache size information
on the POST video screen:
• Issue CPUID Fn8000_0006. If EDX[L3Size] is not zero then the processor includes an L3. The L3Size field
indicates the L3 cache size.
• If the total cache size is displayed on the screen then the BIOS must correctly calculate the total of
L1+L2+L3 sizes.
• It is preferred that the BIOS shows the exact breakdown between the L1, L2, and L3 cache sizes and the
total. For example, specify L1 (128 Kbytes) + L2 (size of L2 in Kbytes) + L3 (size of L3 in Kbytes) = total
cache size in Kbytes.
2.16 Performance Monitoring
The processor includes support for two methods of monitoring processor performance: performance monitor
counters and instruction based sampling (IBS).
2.16.1
Performance Monitor Counters
The performance monitor counters are used by software to count specific events that occur in the processor.
[The Performance Event Select Register (PERF_CTL[3:0])] MSRC001_00[03:00] and [The Performance
Event Counter Registers (PERF_CTR[3:0])] MSRC001_00[07:04] specify the events to be monitored and how
they are monitored. All of the events are specified in section 3.14 [Performance Counter Events].
2.16.2
Instruction Based Sampling (IBS)
IBS is a code profiling mechanism that enables the processor to select a random instruction fetch or micro-op
after a programmed time interval has expired and record specific performance information about the operation.
An interrupt is generated when the operation is complete as specified by [The IBS Control Register] F3x1CC.
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An interrupt handler can then read the performance information that was logged for the operation.
The IBS mechanism is split into two parts: instruction fetch performance controlled through [The IBS Fetch
Control Register (IbsFetchCtl)] MSRC001_1030; and instruction execution performance controlled through
[The IBS Execution Control Register (IbsOpCtl)] MSRC001_1033. Instruction fetch sampling provides information about instruction TLB and instruction cache behavior for fetched instructions. Instruction execution
sampling provides information about micro-op execution behavior. The data collected for instruction fetch performance is different from the data collected for instruction execution performance.
Instruction fetch performance is profiled by recording the following performance information (see
MSRC001_1030, MSRC001_1031, MSRC001_1032 for details of the events) for the tagged instruction fetch:
•
•
•
•
•
If the instruction fetch completed or was aborted.
The number of clock cycles spent on the instruction fetched.
If the instruction fetch hit or missed the instruction cache.
If the instruction fetch hit or missed the L1 and L2 TLBs.
The linear and physical address associated with the fetch.
Instruction execution performance is profiled by tagging one micro-op associated with an instruction. Instructions that decode to more than one micro-op return different performance data depending upon which micro-op
associated with the instruction is tagged. These micro-ops are associated with the RIP of the next instruction to
retire. The following performance information (see MSRC001_1033, MSRC001_1034, MSRC001_1035,
MSRC001_1036, MSRC001_1037, MSRC001_1038, and MSRC001_1039 for details of the events) is
returned for the tagged micro-op:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Branch status for branch micro-ops.
The number clocks from when the micro-op was tagged until the micro-op retires.
The number clocks from when the micro-op completes execution until the micro-op retires.
Source information for DRAM, MMIO and IO access.
L3 cache state for accesses that hit the L3 cache.
If the operation was a load or store that missed the data cache.
If the operation was a load or store that hit or missed the L1 and L2 TLBs.
The linear and physical address associated with a load or store operation.
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Registers
This section provides detailed field definitions for the register sets in the processor.
3.1
Register Descriptions and Mnemonics
Each register in this document is referenced with a mnemonic. Each mnemonic is a concatenation of the register-space indicator and the offset of the register. Here are the mnemonics for the various register spaces:
• IOXXX: x86-defined input and output address space registers; XXX specifies the byte address of the IO register. This space includes IO-space configuration access registers [The IO-Space Configuration Address Register] IOCF8 and [The IO-Space Configuration Data Port] IOCFC. Accesses to these registers from each core
of a node target the same registers of that node; it is not possible for a node to access these registers on a different node.
• FYxXXX: PCI-defined configuration space; XXX specifies the byte address of the configuration register
(this may be 2 or 3 digits); Y specifies the function number; e.g., F3x40 specifies the register at function 3,
address 40h. See 2.11 [Configuration Space], for details about configuration space. There is one set of these
registers per node; these registers in any node are accessible through any core of any node.
• APICXX: APIC memory-mapped registers; XX is the byte address offset from the base address. The base
address for this space is specified by [The APIC Base Address Register (APIC_BAR)] MSR0000_001B.
• CPUID FnXXXX_XXXX: processor capabilities information returned by the CPUID instruction. See 3.9
[CPUID Instruction Registers]. Each core may only access this information for itself.
• MSRXXXX_XXXX: model specific registers; XXXX_XXXX is the MSR number. This space is accessed
through x86-defined RDMSR and WRMSR instructions. There is one set of these registers per core; each
core may only access its own set of these registers.
Each node includes a single set of IO-space and configuration-space registers. However, APIC, CPUID, and
MSR register spaces are implemented once per processor core. Note: access to IO-space and configuration
space registers may require software-level techniques to ensure that no more than one core attempts to access a
register at a time.
The following is terminology found in the register descriptions.
Table 82: Terminology in register descriptions
Terminology
Read
Read-only
Write
Write-only
Read-write
Set-by-hardware
Cleared-by-hardware
Updated-by-hardware
Write-once
Description
Capable of being read by software.
Capable of being read but not written by software.
Capable of being written by software.
Write-only. Capable of being written by software. Reads are undefined.
Capable of being written by software and read by software.
Register bit is set high by hardware.
Register bit is cleared low by hardware.
Register bit or field is updated by hardware.
After RESET_L is asserted, these registers may be written to once. After being written,
they become read-only until the next RESET_L assertion. The write-once control is byte
based. So, for example, software may write each byte of a write-once DWORD as four
individual transactions. As each byte is written, that byte becomes read-only.
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Table 82: Terminology in register descriptions
Terminology
Write-1-to-clear
Write-0-to-clear
Write-1-only
Reserved
MBZ
RAZ
GP-read
GP-write
GP-read-write
Reset
Cold reset
3.1.1
Description
Software must write a 1 to the bit in order to clear it. Writing a 0 to these bits has no
effect.
Software must write a 0 to the bit in order to clear it. Writing a 1 to these bits has no
effect.
Software can set the bit high by writing a 1 to it. Writes of 0 have no effect. Cleared by
hardware.
Field is reserved for future use. Software is required to preserve the state read from these
bits when writing to the register. Software may not depend on the state of reserved fields
nor on the ability of such fields to return the state previously written.
Must be zero. If software attempts to set an MBZ bit to 1, a general-protection exception
(#GP) occurs.
Read as zero. Writes are ignored.
GP exception occurs on read.
GP exception occurs on write.
GP exception occurs on a read or a write.
The reset value of each register is provided below the mnemonic or in the field description. Unless otherwise noted, the register state matches the reset value when RESET_L is
asserted (either a cold or a warm reset). Reset values may include:
?: a question mark in the reset value indicates that the reader should look at the bit
description for reset-value details.
X: an X in the reset value indicates that the field resets (warm or cold) to an unspecified
state.
The field state is not affected by a warm reset (even if the field is labeled “cold reset: X”);
it is placed into the reset state when PWROK is deasserted. See "Reset" above for the
definition of characters that may be found in the cold reset value.
Northbridge MSRs In Multi-Core Products
MSRs that control Northbridge functions are shared between all cores on the node in a multi-core processor
(e.g. MSR0000_0410). If control of Northbridge functions is shared between software on all cores, software
must ensure that only one core at a time is allowed to access the shared MSR.
3.2
IO Space Registers
See 3.1 [Register Descriptions and Mnemonics] for a description of the register naming convention.
IOCF8 IO-Space Configuration Address Register
Reset: 0000 0000h. [The IO-Space Configuration Address Register] IOCF8, and [The IO-Space Configuration
Data Port] IOCFC, are used to access system configuration space, as defined by the PCI specification. IOCF8
provides the address register and IOCFC provides the data port. Software sets up the configuration address by
writing to IOCF8. Then, when an access is made to IOCFC, the processor generates the corresponding configuration access to the address specified in IOCF8. See 2.11 [Configuration Space].
IOCF8 may only be accessed through aligned, DW IO reads and writes; otherwise, the accesses are passed to
the appropriate IO link. Accesses to IOCF8 and IOCFC received from an IO link are treated as all other IO
transactions received from an IO link and are forwarded based on the settings in [The IO-Space Base/Limit
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Registers] F1x[DC:C0]. IOCF8 and IOCFC in the processor are not accessible from an IO link.
Bits
31
Description
ConfigEn: configuration space enable. Read-write. 1=IO read and write accesses to IOCFC are
translated into configuration cycles at the configuration address specified by this register. 0=IO read
and write accesses are passed to the appropriate IO link and no configuration access is generated.
30:28 Reserved.
27:24 ExtRegNo: extended register number. Read-write. ExtRegNo provides bits[11:8] and RegNo provides bits[7:2] of the byte address of the configuration register. ExtRegNo is reserved unless it is
enabled by MSRC001_001F[EnableCf8ExtCfg].
23:16 BusNo: bus number. Read-write. Specifies the bus number of the configuration cycle.
15:11 Device: bus number. Read-write. Specifies the device number of the configuration cycle.
10:8
Function. Read-write. Specifies the function number of the configuration cycle.
7:2
RegNo: register address. Read-write. See IOCF8[ExtRegNo].
1:0
Reserved.
IOCFC IO-Space Configuration Data Port
Reset: 0000 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:0 See IOCF8 for details about this port.
3.3
Function 0 HyperTransport™ Technology Configuration Registers
See 3.1 [Register Descriptions and Mnemonics] for a description of the register naming convention. See 2.11
[Configuration Space] for details about how to access this space.
F0x00 Device/Vendor ID Register
Reset: 1200 1022h.
Bits
Description
31:16 DeviceID: device ID. Read-only.
15:0 VendorID: vendor ID. Read-only.
F0x04 Status/Command Register
Reset: 0010 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:16 Status. Read-only. Bit[20] is set to indicate the existence of a PCI-defined capability block.
15:0 Command. Read-only.
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F0x08 Class Code/Revision ID Register
Reset: 0600 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:8 ClassCode. Read-only. Provides the host bridge class code as defined in the PCI specification.
7:0
RevID: revision ID. Read-only.
F0x0C Header Type Register
Reset: 0080 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:0 HeaderTypeReg. Read-only. These bits are fixed at their default values. The header type field
indicates that there are multiple functions present in this device.
F0x34 Capabilities Pointer Register
Reset: 0000 00??h.
Bits
Description
31:8 Reserved.
7:0
CapPtr: capabilities pointer. Read-only. Specifies the offset of the link capabilities block based on
the links that are supported by the node. The value provided is:
80h
If link 0 is supported.
A0h
If link 0 is not supported and link 1 is supported.
C0h
If link 0 and 1 are not supported and link 2 is supported.
E0h
If link 0, 1, and 2 are not supported and link 3 is supported.
F0x[5C:40] Routing Table Registers
Reset: 0004 0201h. Each of these eight registers, F0x[5C, 58, 54, 50, 4C, 48, 44, 40], corresponds to a node ID
for up to 8 nodes in the coherent fabric. F0x40 corresponds to node 0; F0x44 corresponds to node 1; etc. As
each packet is processed by the node, it is routed to the appropriate links, or remains in the node that is processing the packet, based on the source/destination node and the type of packet being processed. The destination of
requests and responses determines which of these eight registers is used to route the packet; the source of
probes and broadcasts determines which of these eight registers is used to route the packet. Once the routing
table register is identified, the packet is routed to the destinations based on the state of the field (in that routing
table register) that corresponds to the packet type.
For each of the 9-bit fields in this register:
bit[0] = route to this node.
bit[1] = route to link 0, sublink 0.
bit[2] = route to link 1, sublink 0.
bit[3] = route to link 2, sublink 0.
bit[4] = route to link 3, sublink 0.
bit[5] = route to link 0, sublink 1.
bit[6] = route to link 1, sublink 1.
bit[7] = route to link 2, sublink 1.
bit[8] = route to link 3, sublink 1.
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Description
31:27 Reserved.
26:18 BCRoute: broadcast route. Read-write. Specifies the routing information for broadcasts and probes.
17:9 RPRoute: response route. Read-write. Specifies the routing information for responses.
8:0
RQRoute: request route. Read-write. Specifies the routing information for requests.
F0x60 Node ID Register
Reset: 0000 000?h.
Bits
Description
31:24 Reserved.
23:21 Must be zero. Read-write.
20:16 CpuCnt[4:0]: CPU count bits[4:0]. Read-write. This field along with F0x160[CpuCnt[7:5]] specifies the number of cores to be enabled in the system (the boot core of all nodes plus those cores
enabled through F0x68[Cpu1En] and F0x168[Cpu5En, Cpu4En, Cpu3En, Cpu2En]). Revision C and
earlier: 00h = 1 core...1Fh = 32 cores; 20h through FFh are reserved. Revision D and later: 00h=1
core...2F = 48 cores; 30h through FFh are reserved. This field matches F0x60[NodeCnt] if each nodes
in the system has one core; otherwise, it would be greater than F0x60[NodeCnt].
15
Reserved.
14:12 LkNode[2:0]: lock node ID bits[2:0]. Read-write. This field specifies the node ID of the node that
contains the lock controller.
11
Reserved.
10:8 SbNode[2:0]: Southbridge (IO hub) node ID bits[2:0]. Read-write. Specifies the node ID of the
node that owns the link that connects to the system IO hub.
7
6:4
3
2:0
Reserved.
NodeCnt[2:0]: node count bits[2:0]. Read-write. This specifies the number of coherent nodes in the
system. Hardware only allows values to be programmed into this field that are consistent with the
multiprocessor capabilities of the device, as specified in [The Northbridge Capabilities Register]
F3xE8[MpCap]. Attempts to write values inconsistent with the capabilities of the processor result in
this field not being updated. 0h = 1 node; 1h = 2 nodes; 2h = 3 nodes; ... 7h = 8 nodes.
Reserved.
NodeId[2:0]: node ID bits[2:0]. Read-write. This specifies the node ID of the node. It is reset to 0h
for the boot strap processor (BSP); it is reset to 7h for all other nodes. It is expected that system configuration software programs the Node ID. The node IDs must be contiguous. For example, the node
IDs in a 4-node system may be {0, 1, 2, 3}; an example of an incorrect node ID assignment in this
system is {0, 1, 3, 4}. See MSRC001_001F[InitApicIdCpuIdLo].
F0x64 Unit ID Register
Reset: 0000 00E0h.
Bits
Description
31:11 Reserved.
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10:8 SbLink: Southbridge (IO hub) link ID. Read-write; set-by-hardware. This field specifies the link to
which the system IO hub is connected. It is only used by the node which owns the IO hub, as indicated in F0x60[NodeId]. For bits[9:8]: 00b = link 0; 01b = link 1; 10b = link 2; 11b = link 3. If the link
is unganged, then bit[10] specifies the sublink: 0b = sublink 0; 1b = sublink 1. If the link is ganged,
bit[10] is required to be low.
7:6
HbUnit: host bridge Unit ID. Read-only. This field specifies the coherent link Unit ID of the host
bridge used by the coherent fabric.
5:4
MctUnit: memory controller Unit ID. Read-only. This field specifies the coherent link Unit ID of
the memory controller.
3:2
Reserved.
1:0
CpuUnit: CPU Unit ID. Read-only. This field specifies the coherent link Unit ID used for core transactions.
F0x68 Link Transaction Control Register
Reset: 0000 0000h.
Bits
31
Description
EnPReqHiPriTblWlk: isoc table walk enable for posted requests. Read-write. 1=Enables the use
of the Isoc channel for DEV/GART table walk requests issued for base channel posted requests. To
use the Isoc channel for DEV/GART requests ICFM must be enabled, one F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48][IsocReqTok] must be allocated on each link that can receive DEV/GART table walk requests, and one
F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48][IsocRspTok] must be allocated on each link that can receive DEV/GART table
walk responses.
30:26 Reserved.
25
CHtExtAddrEn: coherent link extended address enable. Read-write; however this bit is read-only,
0, for uniprocessor systems as indicated by F3xE8[MpCap]. 1=The coherent fabric supports physical
addresses of greater than 40 bits. When this bit is clear, requests to addresses above 1 terabyte result
in a master abort.
24
DispRefModeEn. Read-write. 1=Enables support for display-refresh ordering rules. BIOS must not
set this bit until display-refresh buffers have been allocated and a warm reset has occurred. See
2.6.4.2.5 [Display Refresh And IFCM].
23
InstallStateS. Read-write. 1=Forces the default read block (RdBlk) install state to be shared instead
of exclusive.
22:21 DsNpReqLmt: downstream non-posted request limit. Read-write. This specifies the maximum
number of downstream non-posted requests issued by core(s) which may be outstanding on the IO
links attached to this node at one time.
00b = no limit.
01b = limited to 1.
10b = limited to 4.
11b = limited to 8.
BIOS should set this to 10b for all products.
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20
SeqIdSrcNodeEn: sequence ID source node enable. Read-write. 1=The source node ID of requests
is provided in the SeqID field of the corresponding downstream IO link request packets. This may be
useful for debug applications, in order to match downstream packets with their originating node. For
normal operation, this bit should be cleared. Correct ordering of requests between different nodes is
not guaranteed when this bit is set. Semaphore sharing between differing nodes may not work properly in systems which are capable of processing IO requests with differing non-zero SeqIds out of
request order.
19
ApicExtSpur: APIC extended spurious vector enable. Read-write. This enables the extended
APIC spurious vector functionality; it affects APICF0[Vector]. 0=The lower 4 bits of the spurious
vector are read-only 1111b. 1=The lower 4 bits of the spurious vector are writable.
18
ApicExtId: APIC extended ID enable. Read-write. This enables the extended APIC ID functionality. 0=APIC ID is 4 bits. 1=APIC ID is 8 bits.
17
ApicExtBrdCst: APIC extended broadcast enable. Read-write. This enables the extended APIC
broadcast functionality. 0=APIC broadcast is 0Fh. 1=APIC broadcast is FFh. If this bit is set, ApicExtId must also be set.
16
LintEn: local interrupt conversion enable. Read-write. 1=Enables the conversion of broadcast
ExtInt and NMI interrupt requests to LINT0 and LINT1 local interrupts, respectively, before delivering to the local APIC. This conversion only takes place if the local APIC is hardware enabled. LINT0
and LINT1 are controlled by APIC350 and APIC360. 0=ExtInt/NMI interrupts delivered unchanged.
15
LimitCldtCfg: limit coherent link configuration space range. Read-write. 1=Configuration
accesses that (1) normally map to the configuration space within another node in the coherent fabric
and (2) target a non-existent node as specified by F0x60[NodeCnt] are sent to an IO link instead. This
bit should be set by BIOS once coherent fabric initialization is complete. Failure to do so may result
in PCI configuration accesses to nonexistent nodes being sent into the coherent fabric, causing the
system to hang.
14:13 BufRelPri: buffer release priority select. Read-write. Specifies the number of link DWs sent while
a buffer release is pending before the buffer release is inserted into the command/data stream of a
busy link. 00b = 64; 01b = 16; 10b = 8; 11b = 2. For revision C and earlier, BIOS should set this to
01b in single-link processors and 10b in multi-link processors in order to maximize link bandwidth.
For revision D and later, BIOS should set this to 01b in order to maximize link bandwidth.
12
Reserved. Read-write.
11
RespPassPW: response PassPW. Read-write. 1=The PassPW bit in all downstream link responses is
set, regardless of the originating request packet. This technically breaks the PCI ordering rules but it is
not expected to be an issue in the downstream direction. Setting this bit improves the latency of
upstream requests by allowing the downstream responses to pass posted writes. 0=The PassPW bit in
downstream responses is based on the RespPassPW bit of the original request.
10
DisFillP: disable fill probe. Read-write. Controls probes for core-generated fills (must be 0 for
multi-core or L3-cache systems; recommended to be 1 for uniprocessor, single core, no L3-cache systems). 0=Probes issued for cache fills. 1=Probes not issued for cache fills.
9
DisRmtPMemC: disable remote probe memory cancel. Read-write. 1=Only probed caches on the
same node as the target memory controller may generate MemCancel coherent link packets. MemCancels are used to attempt to save DRAM and/or link bandwidth associated with the transfer of stale
DRAM data. 0=Probes hitting dirty blocks may generate MemCancel packets, regardless of the location of the probed cache.
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8
DisPMemC: disable probe memory cancel. Read-write. Controls generation of MemCancel coherent link packets. MemCancels are used to attempt to save DRAM and/or coherent link bandwidth
associated with the transfer of stale DRAM data. 0=Probes hitting dirty blocks of the core cache may
generate MemCancel packets. 1=Probes may not generate MemCancel packets.
7
CPURdRspPassPW: CPU read response PassPW. Read-write. 1=Read responses to core-generated
reads are allowed to pass posted writes. 0=core responses do not pass posted writes. This bit is not
expected to be set. This bit may only be set during the boot process.
6
CPUReqPassPW: CPU request PassPW. Read-write. 1=core-generated requests are allowed to pass
posted writes. 0=core requests do not pass posted writes. This bit is not expected to be set. This bit
may only be set during the boot process.
5
Cpu1En: core 1 enable. Read-write. This bit and F0x168[Cpu5En, Cpu4En, Cpu3En and Cpu2En]
are used to enable each of the cores after a reset. 1=Enable the core to start fetching and executing
code from the boot vector. Note: the core numbers referred to in these bits are affected by downcoring; see CpuCoreNum in section [The CPU Cores and Downcoring] 2.9.2.
4
DisMTS: disable memory controller target start. Read-write. 1=Disables use of TgtStart. TgtStart
is used to improve scheduling of back-to-back ordered transactions by indicating when the first transaction is received and ordered at the memory controller.
3
DisWrDwP: disable write doubleword probes. Read-write. 1=Disables generation of probes for
core-generated, WrSized doubleword commands (must be 0 for multi-core or L3-cache systems; recommended to be 1 for uniprocessor, single core, no L3-cache systems).
2
DisWrBP: disable write byte probes. Read-write. 1=Disables generation of probes for core-generated, WrSized byte commands (must be 0 for multi-core or L3-cache systems; recommended to be 1
for uniprocessor, single core, no L3-cache systems).
1
DisRdDwP: disable read doubleword probe. Read-write. 1=Disables generation of probes for coregenerated, RdSized doubleword commands (must be 0 for multi-core or L3-cache systems; recommended to be 1 for uniprocessor, single core, no L3-cache systems).
0
DisRdBP: disable read byte probe. Read-write. 1=Disables generation of probes for core-generated,
RdSized byte commands (must be 0 for multi-core or L3-cache systems; recommended to be 1 for
uniprocessor, single core, no L3-cache systems).
F0x6C Link Initialization Control Register
Reset: 000? ????h; see individual bit definitions for reset details.
Bits
20
Description
Tr0Double: Training 0 Time Double. Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision D and
later: Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 1=All Training 0 times are doubled from their programmed or
default/reset values. This bit should be set when using link BIST on this device connected to an ILM
device, and left clear at all other times.
19:16 Must be zero. Read-write.
15:12 Reserved.
11
DefLnk[2]: default link. Read-only. See DefLnk[1:0], below.
10:9 BiosRstDet[2:1]: BIOS reset detect bits[2:1]. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. See bit[5] of this register.
8
DefSubLnk: default sublink. Read-only. Used in conjunction with F0x6C[DefLnk]. 0=Sublink 0.
1=Sublink 1.
7
Reserved.
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6
InitDet: CPU initialization command detect. Read-write. This bit may be used by software to distinguish between an INIT and a warm/cold reset by setting it to a 1 before an initialization event is
generated. This bit is cleared by RESET_L but not by an INIT command.
5
BiosRstDet[0]: BIOS reset detect bit[0]. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. This bit, along with BiosRstDet[2:1], may be used to distinguish between a reset event generated by the BIOS versus a reset event
generated for any other reason by setting one or more of the bits to a 1 before initiating a BIOS-generated reset event.
4
ColdRstDet: cold reset detect. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. This bit may be used to distinguish
between a cold versus a warm reset event by setting the bit to a 1 before an initialization event is generated.
3:2
DefLnk[1:0]: default link. Read-only. These bits, along with DefLnk[2], above, are updated every
time an incoming request is received with the link ID of the link on which the packet arrived. It is
used by hardware to route packets during initialization, while F0x6C[RouteTblDisRouting]=1, and
only one outstanding request is active in the system at a time. During this interval, responses are
routed to the link indicated by this field. Thus, responses are properly returned to the link, or to this
node, based on the source of the request. F0x6C[DefSubLnk] is used to delineate sublinks as well.
DefLnk[2, 1:0] Definition
000b
Request came from link 0 (power-up default).
001b
Request came from link 1.
010b
Request came from link 2.
011b
Request came from link 3.
100bRequest came from a core on same node.
1
ReqDis: request disable. Read-write; set-by-hardware. This bit specifies if the node is allowed to
generate request packets. It resets to 0 for the BSP and to 1 for all other nodes. This bit should be
cleared by BIOS once the system has been initialized from the BSP. This bit is set by hardware and
cleared by software. 0=Request packets may be generated. 1=Request packets may not be generated.
See 2.3 [Processor Initialization].
0
RouteTblDis: routing table disable. Read-write. 1=Responses are routed based on F0x6C[DefLnk]
and configuration-space requests received by this node are treated as if they target this node regardless of the bus number and device number. 0=Packets are routed according to [The Routing Table
Registers] F0x[5C:40]. This bit is reset to 1. Once the routing tables have been set up this bit should
be cleared.
F0x[E0, C0, A0, 80] Link Capabilities Registers
F[4, 0]x[98:80] are associated with link 0. F[4, 0]x[B8:A0] are associated with link 1. F[4, 0]x[D8:C0] are
associated with link 2. F[4, 0]x[F8:E0] are associated with link 3. The function 0 registers are associated with
the whole link if it is ganged or sublink 0 if it is unganged; the function 4 register are associated with sublink
1 if the link is unganged. If the node does not support a link, then the corresponding register addresses become
reserved. This register is derived from the link capabilities register defined in the HyperTransport™ I/O Link
Specification.
Bits Description
31:29 CapType: capability type. Read-only, 001b.
28
DropOnUnInit: drop on uninitialized link. Read-only, 0.
27
InbndEocErr: inbound end-of-chain error. Read-only, 0.
26
ActAsSlave: act as slave. Read-only, 0.
25
Reserved.
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24
HostHide. Read-only, 1.
23
ChainSide. Read-only, 0.
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
22:18 DevNum: device number. Read-only, 00h.
17
DblEnded: double ended. Read-only, 0.
16
WarmReset. Read-only, 1.
15:8 CapPtr: capabilities pointer. Read-only. Specifies the offset of the next link capabilities block based
on the links that are supported by the node. Depending on which links are supported, this may be A0h,
C0h, E0h, or 00h (in the case of the last link).
7:0
CapID: capabilities ID. Read-only. Reset: 08h. Indicates HyperTransport™ technology capability.
F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84] Link Control Registers
F[4, 0]x[98:80] are associated with link 0. F[4, 0]x[B8:A0] are associated with link 1. F[4, 0]x[D8:C0] are
associated with link 2. F[4, 0]x[F8:E0] are associated with link 3. The function 0 registers are associated with
the whole link if it is ganged or sublink 0 if it is unganged; the function 4 register are associated with sublink
1 if the link is unganged. If the node does not support a link, then the corresponding register addresses become
reserved. This register is derived from the link control register defined in the HyperTransport™ I/O Link
Specification
Bits Description
31
Reserved.
30:28 WidthOut: link width out. Read-write. Cold reset: (see text below). Specifies the operating width of
the outgoing link. Legal values are:
Bits
Link width
Bits
Link width
001b 16 bits
111b not connected
000b 8 bits
The cold reset value of this field depends on the widths of the links of the connecting device, per the
link specification. This field cannot be set to 16 bits when reganging a link until
F0x[18C:170][Ganged] has been set to 1. This field cannot be changed by software if the link was
determined to be disconnected by hardware at cold reset. Note: After this field is written by software,
the link width does not change until either a warm reset or a link disconnect sequence occurs through
LDTSTOP_L.
27
Reserved.
26:24 WidthIn: link width in. Read-write. Cold reset: (see text below). Specifies the operating width of the
incoming link. See F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][WidthOut] for legal values. The cold reset value of this field
depends on the widths of the links of the connecting device, per the link specification. This field
cannot be set to 16 bits when reganging a link until F0x[18C:170][Ganged] has been set to 1. This
field cannot be changed by software if the link was determined to be disconnected by hardware at cold
reset. Note: After this field is written to by software, the link width does not change until either a
warm reset or a link disconnect sequence occurs through LDTSTOP_L.
23
Reserved.
22:20 MaxWidthOut: max link width out. Read-only. This specifies the width of the outgoing link to be 8
bits or 16 bits wide, depending on the processor version. See F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][WidthOut] for the
encoding. Note: this indicates an 8-bit link if the link is unganged.
19
Reserved.
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18:16 MaxWidthIn: max link width in. Read-only. This specifies the width of the incoming link to be 8
bits or 16 bits wide, depending on the processor version. See F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][WidthOut] for the
encoding. Note: this indicates an 8-bit link if the link is unganged.
15
Addr64BitEn: 64-bit address packet enable. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 1=Requests to addresses
greater than FF_FFFF_FFFFh are supported by this IO link. 0=Requests to addresses greater than
FF_FFFF_FFFFh are master aborted as if the end of chain was reached. BIOS is required to ensure
that the link-specification-defined “64 Bit Address Feature” bit in the device on the other side of the
link is set prior to setting this bit. For coherent links, this bit is unused. Note: F0x68[CHtExtAddrEn]
is required to be set if this bit is set for any IO link. Note: the link specification indicates that this bit is
cleared by a warm reset; therefore this bit may be in a different state than an IO device on the other
side of the link after a warm reset; care should be taken by BIOS to place devices on both sides of the
link in the same state after a warm reset, before any packets to the high-order addresses enabled by
this bit are generated.
14
ExtCTL: extended control time during initialization. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. This specifies the
time in which the link CTL signal is held asserted during the initialization sequence that follows an
LDTSTOP_L deassertion, after CTL is detected asserted. 0=At least 16 bit times. 1=About 50
microseconds. This bit is ignored at Gen3 frequencies.
13
LdtStopTriEn: LDTSTOP tristate enable. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. This bit is ignored by
hardware when the link is operating at Gen3 frequencies. 1=During the LDTSTOP_L disconnect
sequence, the link transmitter signals are placed into the high-impedance state and the receivers are
prepared for the high-impedance mode. For the receivers, this includes cutting power to the receiver
differential amplifiers and ensuring that there are no resultant high-current paths in the circuits.
0=During the LDTSTOP_L disconnect sequence, the link transmitter signals are driven, but in an
undefined state, and the link receiver signals are assumed to be undriven. BIOS should set this bit to 1
for revision C and later revisions if the connecting device supports LdtStopTriEn=1.
12
IsocEn: isochronous flow-control mode enable. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. This bit is set to place the
link into isochronous flow-control mode (IFCM), as defined by the link specification. However, the
flow-control mode does not change until a warm reset occurs. 1=IFCM. 0=Normal flow-control
mode. Note: all coherent links of the system must use the same flow-control mode. See 2.6.4.2.5 [Display Refresh And IFCM].
11:10 Reserved.
9:8
CrcErr: CRC Error. Read; set-by-hardware; write-1-to-clear. Cold reset: 00b. Bit[1] applies to the
upper byte of the link and bit[0] applies to the lower byte. 1=The hardware detected a CRC error on
the incoming link while not in retry mode; if in retry mode, then bit[8] may be set to indicate an
uncorrectable error was detected; such uncorrectable error cases are:
• Link reconnect fails exceeding the limit in [The Link Global Retry Control Register]
F0x150[TotalRetryAttempts].
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7
TransOff: transmitter off. Revision D0 and earlier: Reserved. Revision D1 and later: Read-write.
1=Output tristates. Notes about TransOff and EndOfChain:
• The initial state is programmed by hardware after each cold reset (0 if the link connects; 1 if it does
not connect; see 2.7.1.3 [Link Type Detect]).
• If F0x16C[ConnDly]=0: setting these bits causes the link behavior to change immediately; clearing
these bits is illegal; warm resets and LDTSTOPs do not affect the state of these bits; TransOff may
only be set if EndOfChain is set.
• If F0x16C[ConnDly]=1: values written to these bits take effect during the next warm reset or LDTSTOP. Reads represent the last value written rather than the current link behavior; TransOff and
EndOfChain should always be programmed to the same state. For dual-node processors, BIOS
should program this according to section 2.7.1.5 [Link Mapping for Dual-Node Processors in the
G34 Package].
6
EndOfChain: end of chain. Read-write. 1=The link is not part of the logical HyperTransport™ technology chain; packets targeting this link are dropped. See TransOff, above. For dual-node processors,
BIOS should program this according to section 2.7.1.5 [Link Mapping for Dual-Node Processors in
the G34 Package].
5
InitComplete: initialization complete. Read-only; set-by-hardware. Reset: 0. This bit is set by
hardware when low-level link initialization has successfully completed. If there is no device on the
other end of the link, or if the device on the other side of the link is unable to properly perform link
initialization, then the bit is not set. This bit is not cleared for LDTSTOP# disconnects or retries.
Hardware may report 0 during BIST mode or ILM.
4
LinkFail: link failure. Read; set-by-hardware; write-1-to-clear. Cold reset: 0. This bit is set high by
the hardware when a CRC error is detected on the link (if enabled by CrcFloodEn), the link fails to
reconnect, if a sync flood is received by the link, or if the link is not used in the system. See 2.12.1.5.1
[Common Diagnosis Information].
3
CrcForceErr: CRC force error command. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=The link transmission logic
generates erroneous periodic or per-packet CRC values on all enabled byte lanes. 0=Transmitted CRC
values match the values calculated per the link specification. This bit is intended to be used to check
the CRC failure detection logic of the device on the other side of the link. See F0x150[ForceErrType]
for retry mode.
2
Reserved.
1
CrcFloodEn: CRC flood enable. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=Setting either of the CrcErr bits results in
sync packets to all enabled outgoing links and the F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][LinkFail] bit is set. 0=Setting
either of the CrcErr bits do not result in sync packets or setting the F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][LinkFail] bit.
In Gen3 protocol, exceeding the F0x150[TotalRetryAttempts] limit results in a sync flood regardless
of how CrcFloodEn is set. The resulting sync flood does not propagate to other links or set Linkfail
unless CrcFloodEn is set.
This bit is ignored if F3x44[SyncPktGenDis] is set.
0
Reserved.
F0x[E8, C8, A8, 88] Link Frequency/Revision Registers
F[4, 0]x[98:80] are associated with link 0. F[4, 0]x[B8:A0] are associated with link 1. F[4, 0]x[D8:C0] are
associated with link 2. F[4, 0]x[F8:E0] are associated with link 3. The function 0 registers are associated with
the whole link if it is ganged or sublink 0 if it is unganged; the function 4 register are associated with sublink 1
if the link is unganged. If the node does not support a link, then the corresponding register addresses become
reserved. This register is derived from the link frequency/revision register defined in the HyperTransport™ I/O
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Link Specification
Bits Description
31:16 LnkFreqCap: link frequency capability. Read-only. Reset: values vary with product. These bits,
along with F0x[FC, DC, BC, 9C][FreqCapExt] for revision D and later, indicate which link
frequencies the processor supports . The bits are encoded as: 1=The link frequency is supported;
0=The link frequency is not supported. The bits correspond to different link frequencies as follows:
Bit 0: 200 MHz (this bit is 1 in all products).
Bit 8: 1400 MHz.
Bit 1: 300 MHz (this bit is 0 in all products).
Bit 9: 1600 MHz.
Bit 2: 400 MHz.
Bit 10: 1800 MHz.
Bit 3: 500 MHz (this bit is 0 in all products).
Bit 11: 2000 MHz.
Bit 4: 600 MHz.
Bit 12: 2200 MHz.
Bit 5: 800 MHz.
Bit 13: 2400 MHz.
Bit 6: 1000 MHz.
Bit 14: 2600 MHz.
Bit 7: 1200 MHz.
Bit 15: reserved.
This field indicates logical support for these frequencies; however, electrical support for these frequencies may vary based on the part number and other system considerations.
15:12 Reserved.
11:8 Freq[3:0]: link frequency. Read-write. Cold reset: 0h. This field and F0x[FC, DC, BC, 9C][Freq[4]]
specifies the link frequency. Note Freq[4] is only valid for revision D and later processors. Legal
values are:
0h: 200 MHz.
8h: 1400 MHz.
10h: reserved.
1h: Reserved.
9h: 1600 MHz.
11h: 2800 MHz.
2h: 400 MHz.
Ah: 1800 MHz.
12h: 3000 MHz.
3h: Reserved.
Bh: 2000 MHz.
13h: 3200 MHz.
4h: 600 MHz.
Ch: 2200 MHz.
14h-1Fh: Reserved.
5h: 800 MHz.
Dh: 2400 MHz.
1
6h: 1000 MHz.
Eh: 2600 MHz.
7h: 1200 MHz.
Fh: Reserved.
After this field is updated, the link frequency does not change until either a warm reset or a link
disconnect sequence occurs through LDTSTOP_L. The value read from this field is the last value
written. Writes to this field are ignored if a non-supported frequency is written.
Note:
1. Must not be used for links connecting internal nodes as specified by F0x1A0[IntLnkRoute].
7:0
Revision. Read-only, 60h. Indicates that the processor is designed to version 3.00 of the link
specification.
F0x[EC, CC, AC, 8C] Link Feature Capability Registers
F[4, 0]x[98:80] are associated with link 0. F[4, 0]x[B8:A0] are associated with link 1. F[4, 0]x[D8:C0] are
associated with link 2. F[4, 0]x[F8:E0] are associated with link 3. The function 0 registers are associated with
the whole link if it is ganged or sublink 0 if it is unganged; the function 4 register are associated with sublink
1 if the link is unganged. If the node does not support a link, then the corresponding register addresses become
reserved. This register is derived from the link feature capability register defined in the HyperTransport™ I/O
Link Specification. Unless otherwise specified: 0=The feature is not supported; 1=The feature is supported.
Bits Description
31:10 Reserved.
9
UpstrCfgCap: upstream configuration capable. Read-only, 0.
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7:6
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
ExtRegSet: extended register set. Read-only, 0.
Reserved.
5
UnitIdReOrderDis: UnitID reorder disable. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=Upstream reordering for different UnitIDs is not supported; i.e., all upstream packets are ordered as if they have the same UnitID.
0=Reordering based on UnitID is supported.
4
64BitAddr: 64-bit link addressing. Read-only, 1.
3
ExtCTLRqd: extended CTL required. Read-only, 0.
2
CrcTstMode: CRC test mode. Read-only, 0.
1
LdtStopMode: LDTSTOP supported. Read-only, 1.
0
IsocMode: isochronous flow control mode. Read-only, 1.
F0x[F0, D0, B0, 90] Link Base Channel Buffer Count Registers
F[4, 0]x[98:80] are associated with link 0. F[4, 0]x[B8:A0] are associated with link 1. F[4, 0]x[D8:C0] are
associated with link 2. F[4, 0]x[F8:E0] are associated with link 3. The function 0 registers are associated with
the whole link if it is ganged or sublink 0 if it is unganged; the function 4 register are associated with sublink 1
if the link is unganged. If the node does not support a link, then the corresponding register addresses become
reserved. If a link does not initialize properly or is not connected, then the reset state of the buffer count fields
is X. See 2.7.1.3.1 [Unused Links].
F0x[F0, D0, B0, 90] and F0x[F4, D4, B4, 94] specify the hard-allocated link flow-control buffer counts in
each virtual channel available to the transmitter at the other end of the link; it also provides the free buffers that
may be used by any of the virtual channels, as needed, or reallocated by BIOS to the hard-allocated buffer
counts. When the link initializes, the default number of buffers hard-allocated to each virtual channel in
F0x[F0, D0, B0, 90] differs based on whether the link initializes to IO or coherent protocol, ganged or
unganged, as follows (if LockBc=0):
FreeData FreeCmd RspData NpReqData ProbeCmd RspCmd
IO link ganged:
4
16
2
2
0
4
Coh link ganged:
4
16
4
4
18
18
IO link unganged:
41 161
1
1
0
2
1
1
Coh link unganged: 4
16
2
2
9
9
Note:
1. For revision D and later, the number of buffers is half the number indicated.
PReq
8
4
4
2
NpReqCmd
36
8
18
4
The cold-reset register state (ganged or unganged) is: IO link=0285_0292h; coherent link=028A_9944h.
For all fields on revision D and later or all fields except for FreeData and FreeCmd on revision C and earlier
revisions, if the link is ganged, then the number of buffers allocated is 2 times the value of the field. If the link
is unganged, then the number of buffers allocated is the value of the field.
For revision C and earlier revisions: for the FreeData and FreeCmd fields, the number of buffers allocated is 2
times the value of the field, whether the link is ganged or unganged. If the link is unganged, then the FreeData
and FreeCmd counts are provided in the corresponding register of function 0; these fields in the corresponding
register of function 4 are reserved; these pools of buffers are applied to both sublinks as needed.
The hard-allocated buffer counts are transmitted to the device at the other end of the link in buffer release messages after link initialization. The remaining buffers are held in the free list (specified by FreeData and
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FreeCmd) used to optimize buffer usage. When a transaction is received, if a free-list buffer is available, it is
used for storage instead of one of the hard allocated buffers; as a result, a buffer release (for one of the hard
allocated buffers used by the incoming request) can be immediately sent back to the device at the other end of
the link without waiting for the transaction to be routed beyond the flow-control buffers.
After boot, the allocation may be changed by BIOS. Rules governing these registers are as follows:
• Base channel buffers are specified in F0x[F0, D0, B0, 90]; isochronous buffer counts (if in IFCM) are specified in F0x[F4, D4, B4, 94].
• New values written to these registers take effect after a warm reset if LockBc is set. If LockBc is clear, these
registers return to their default values after a warm reset.
• The total number of command buffers allocated in the base and isochronous registers of a link cannot exceed
64.
• For unganged links on revision D and later, the total number of command buffers allocated in the base and
isochronous registers of each sublink cannot exceed 32.
• The total number of data buffers allocated in the base and isochronous registers of a link cannot exceed 16.
• For unganged links on revision D and later, the total number of data buffers allocated in the base and isochronous registers of each sublink cannot exceed 8.
• The total number of hard allocated command buffers (ProbeCmd, RspCmd, PReq, NpReqCmd, and F0x[F4,
D4, B4, 94][IsocRspCmd, IsocPReq, and IsocNpReqCmd]) cannot exceed 48.
• For unganged links on revision D and later, the total number of hard allocated command buffers (ProbeCmd,
RspCmd, PReq, NpReqCmd, and F0x[F4, D4, B4, 94][IsocRspCmd, IsocPReq, and IsocNpReqCmd]) for
each sublink cannot exceed 24.
• If unganged on revision C and earlier revisions, the total buffer counts of a link are shared between the two
sublinks.
• If unganged on revision C and earlier revisions, the free command and free data buffer pools are shared
between the two sublinks of a link and are specified by F0x[F0, D0, B0, 90].
• If unganged on revision D and later, the total buffer counts of a link are divided in half with each half allocated to each of the two sublinks.
• The isochronous buffer counts (F0x[F4, D4, B4, 94]) default to zero. BIOS must set up non-zero counts (and
adjust the base channel counts accordingly) prior to enabling IFCM.
• If an IOMMU is present in the system, F0x[F4, D4, B4, 94][IsocNpReqCmd] must be non-zero for all
enabled links and F0x[F4, D4, B4, 94][IsocNpReqData] must be non-zero for all enabled coherent links.
See 2.6.4.2.5.1 [Recommended Buffer Count Settings for Single Link Processors] and 2.6.4.2.5.2 [Recommended Buffer Count Settings for Multi-link Processors].
Bits Description
31
LockBc: lock buffer count register. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 1=The buffer count registers, F0x[F0,
D0, B0, 90] and F0x[F4, D4, B4, 94] are locked such that warm resets do not place the registers back
to their default value. Setting this bit does not prevent the buffer counts from being updated after a
warm reset based on the value of the buffer counts before the warm reset. 0=Upon warm reset, the
buffer count registers return to their default value after the link initializes regardless of the value
before the warm reset.
30:28 Reserved
27:25 FreeData: free data buffer count. Read-write.
24:20 FreeCmd: free command buffer count. Read-write.
19:18 RspData: response data buffer count. Read-write.
17:16 NpReqData: non-posted request data buffer count. Read-write.
15:12 ProbeCmd: probe command buffer count. Read-write.
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11:8 RspCmd: response command buffer count. Read-write.
7:5
PReq: posted request command and data buffer count. Read-write. This specifies the number of
posted command and posted data buffers allocated.
4:0
NpReqCmd: non-posted request command buffer count. Read-write.
F0x[F4, D4, B4, 94] Link Isochronous Channel Buffer Count Registers
Reset: 0000 0000h. F[4, 0]x[98:80] are associated with link 0. F[4, 0]x[B8:A0] are associated with link 1. F[4,
0]x[D8:C0] are associated with link 2. F[4, 0]x[F8:E0] are associated with link 3. The function 0 registers are
associated with the whole link if it is ganged or sublink 0 if it is unganged; the function 4 register are associated
with sublink 1 if the link is unganged. If the node does not support a link, then the corresponding register
addresses become reserved. If a link does not initialize properly or is not connected, then the reset state of the
buffer count fields is X. See F0x[F0, D0, B0, 90] for information about the buffer count fields. See 2.7.1.3.1
[Unused Links].
Bits Description
31:29 Reserved.
28:27 IsocRspData: isochronous response data buffer count. Read-write.
26:25 IsocNpReqData: isochronous non-posted request data buffer count. Read-write.
24:22 IsocRspCmd: isochronous response command buffer count. Read-write.
21:19 IsocPReq: isochronous posted request command and data buffer count. Read-write. This specifies the number of isochronous posted command and posted data buffers allocated.
18:16 IsocNpReqCmd: isochronous non-posted request command buffer count. Read-write.
15:8 SecBusNum: secondary bus number. Read-write. This specifies the configuration-space bus number of the IO link. When configured as a coherent link, this register has no meaning. This field should
match the corresponding [The Configuration Map Registers] F1x[EC:E0][BusNumBase] field of the
node (unless F1x[EC:E0][DevCmpEn]=1, in which case this field should be 00h).
7:0
Reserved.
F0x[F8, D8, B8, 98] Link Type Registers
Reset: 0000 00??h. F[4, 0]x[98:80] are associated with link 0. F[4, 0]x[B8:A0] are associated with link 1. F[4,
0]x[D8:C0] are associated with link 2. F[4, 0]x[F8:E0] are associated with link 3. The function 0 registers are
associated with the whole link if it is ganged or sublink 0 if it is unganged; the function 4 registers are associated with sublink 1 if the link is unganged. If the node does not support a link, then the corresponding register
addresses become reserved.
Bits Description
31:5 Reserved.
4
LinkConPend: link connect pending. Read-only. 1=Hardware is currently determining if the link is
connected to another device. 0=The link connection has been determined. This bit qualifies the LinkCon bit.
3
Reserved.
2
NC: non coherent. Read-only. This bit specifies the link type. 0=coherent link. 1=IO link.
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1
InitComplete: initialization complete. Read-only. 1=Link initialization is complete. This is a duplicate of [The Link Control Registers] F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][InitComplete]. The NC bit is invalid until
link initialization is complete.
0
LinkCon: link connected. Read-only. 1=The link is connected to another device. 0=The link is not
connected. This is not valid until LinkConPend=0.
F0x[FC, DC, BC, 9C] Link Frequency Extension Registers
Revision C and earlier: Reserved. Revision D and later: F[4, 0]x[9C:80] are associated with link 0. F[4,
0]x[BC:A0] are associated with link 1. F[4, 0]x[DC:C0] are associated with link 2. F[4, 0]x[FC:E0] are associated with link 3. The function 0 registers are associated with the whole link if it is ganged or sublink 0 if it is
unganged; the function 4 registers are associated with sublink 1 if the link is unganged. If the node does not
support a link, then the corresponding register addresses become reserved. This register is derived from the
link frequency extension register defined in the HyperTransport™ I/O Link Specification
Bits Description
31:16 Reserved.
15:1 FreqCapExt: link frequency capability extension. Read-only. Reset: values vary with product.
These bits along with F0x[E8, C8, A8, 88][LnkFreqCap] indicate which additional link frequencies
the processor supports . The bits are encoded as: 1=The link frequency is supported; 0=The link
frequency is not supported. The bits correspond to different link frequencies as follows:
Bit 0: 2.8 GHz.
Bit 1: 3.0 GHz.
Bit 2: 3.2 GHz.
Bits 3-14: reserved.
This field indicates logical support for these frequencies; however, electrical support for these frequencies may vary based on the part number and other system considerations.
0
Freq[4]: link frequency. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. See F0x[E8, C8, A8, 88][Freq[3:0]] for the
definition of this bit. If Freq[4] is being changed, a write to F0x[FC, DC, BC, 9C] must be followed by
a write to the F0x[E8, C8, A8, 88] register corresponding to the same link (or sublink).
F0x[11C, 118, 114, 110] Link Clumping Enable Registers
Reset: 0000 0000h. F0x[120, 110] is associated with link 0; F0x[124, 114] is associated with link 1; F0x[128,
118] is associated with link 2. F0x[12C, 11C] is associated with link 3. F0x[11C, 118, 114, 110] are associated
with the whole link if it is ganged or sublink 0 if it is unganged; F0x[12C, 128, 124, 120] are associated with
sublink 1 if the link is unganged. If the node does not support a link, then the corresponding register addresses
become reserved.
These registers specify how UnitIDs of upstream non-posted requests may be clumped per the link specification. The processor does not clump requests that it generates in the downstream direction.
Bits
Description
31:2 ClumpEn. Read-write. Each bit of this register corresponds to a link UnitID number. E.g., bit 2
corresponds to UnitID 02h, etc. 1=The specified UnitID is ordered in the same group as the specified
UnitID - 1. For example if this register is programmed to 0000_00C0h, then UnitIDs 7h, 6h, and 5h
are all ordered as if they are part of the same UnitID. This is used to allow more than 32 tags to be
assigned to a single stream for the purposes of ordering.
1:0
Reserved.
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F0x[12C, 128, 124, 120] Sublink 1 Clumping Enable Registers
Reset: 0000 0000h. See F0x[11C, 118, 114, 110]. If a link is ganged or not supported, then the corresponding
register in this group is reserved.
F0x[14C:130] Link Retry Registers
The following retry registers associated with the following links are specified here:
F0x130: link 0, sublink 0
F0x140: link 0, sublink 1
F0x134: link 1, sublink 0
F0x144: link 1, sublink 1
F0x138: link 2, sublink 0
F0x148: link 2, sublink 1
F0x13C: link 3, sublink 0
F0x14C: link 3, sublink 1
If a link is ganged, then the sublink 0 retry register specifies the whole link retry register function and the sublink 1 retry register is reserved. If a link is not supported by the node, then both the sublink 0 and sublink 1
retry registers are reserved. These registers are reserved if F3xE8[LnkRtryCap]=0.
Bits
Description
31:16 RetryCount. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. This is a 16-bit counter that is incremented by hardware. The
counter is incremented in two ways, (1) the counter increments once for each failed training attempt
and (2) the counter increments once for each packet error that causes a retry attempt. If the counter
value is FFFFh it increments to 0000h and the RetryCountRollover bit is set. RetryCount is not
incremented for retries initiated by other devices, only for errors detected by the node.
15:13 Reserved.
12
DataCorruptOut: sent corrupted data. Read; write-1-to-clear. Cold reset: 0. 1=Data sent on the
link was marked with Data Error to indicate that it is known to be corrupted.
11
InitFail. Read; write-1-to-clear. Cold reset: 0. 1=Initialization sequence failed on a link reconnect.
10
StompedPktDet: stomped packet detected by receiver. Read; write-1-to-clear. Cold reset: 0.
9
RetryCountRollover. Read; write-1-to-clear. Cold reset: 0. See RetryCount.
8
RetryErrorDet: retry error detected. Read; write-1-to-clear. Cold reset: 0. 1=A retry was initiated
in one of the ways listed in RetryCount.
7:6
ShortRetryAttempts. Read-write. Reset: 11b. This specifies the number of short retry attempts when
operating at a Gen3 link frequency; after exceeding this value, long retries are attempted until the max
count specified by [The Link Global Retry Control Register] F0x150[TotalRetryAttempts] is
exceeded. The retry attempt counter is not incremented for retries initiated by other devices, only for
errors detected by the node. This field is ignored when operating at Gen1 link frequencies.
5:4
Reserved.
3
DisRetryDataError: disable link retry on data packet error. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=The node
does not initiate the retry sequence if an error is detected on a data packet; Data packets are
acknowledged even if there is a CRC error. This is intended to support debug modes in which errors
are detected but allowed to propagate through the crossbar in order to allow logging of error data
patterns in trace mode.
2
DisRetryAnyError: disable link retry on any packet error. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=The node does
not initiate the retry sequence if an error is detected; Packets are acknowledged even if there is a CRC
error. This is intended to support debug modes in which errors are detected but allowed to propagate
through the crossbar in order to allow logging of error data patterns in trace mode.
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1
ForceRetryError. Read-write; cleared-by-hardware once the error has been injected onto the link.
Reset: 0. This bit may be used by diagnostic software to test the error detection and retry logic of the
link. 1=Forces a CRC error in one packet from the transmitter. See [The Link Global Retry Control
Register] F0x150[ForceErrType, MultRetryErr].
0
RetryModeEnable. Read-write; changes take effect on the next warm reset. Cold reset: 0. 1=Place
the link in error retry mode when reconnecting after the next warm reset. See Table 32.
F0x150 Link Global Retry Control Register
This register is reserved if F3xE8[LnkRtryCap]=0. All fields of this register are expected to be programmed
the same in all nodes of the system (except ForceErrType and MultRetryErr). Feature support varies by revision. See Table 2.
Bits
Description
31:19 Reserved.
18:16 TotalRetryAttempts. Read-write. Cold reset: 7h if F3xE8[LnkRtryCap]=1; 0h if F3xE8[LnkRtryCap]=0. Specifies the total number of retry attempts (short and long) allowed on any link before the
link is considered to have failed. When operating at Gen3 link frequencies, short retry attempts are
limited by [The Link Retry Registers] F0x[14C:130][ShortRetryAttempts]; the remaining are long
retry attempts. The link is determined to have failed after TotalRetryAttempts + 1 errors; e.g., if
TotalRetryAttempts=7, then the link is determined to have failed as a result of the 8 errors. This
register should be programmed to values of 1 or greater. The retry attempt counter for a link is
incremented each time F0x[14C:130][RetryCount] for that link is incremented.
15:14 Reserved.
13
HtRetryCrcDatInsDynEn: link retry CRC data insertion enable. Read-write. Cold reset: 0.
1=Enables dynamic mode for CRC insertion in data packets on a coherent link. In this mode, the
transmitter follows the insertion policy defined by HtRetryCrcDatIns[2:0] for a link which is close to
idle; however, it inserts fewer CRC cells as the link becomes busy. BIOS should set this bit.
12
HtRetryCrcCmdPackDynEn: link retry CRC command packet dynamic mode enable. Readwrite. Cold reset: 0. 1=Enables dynamic mode for CRC command packing on a coherent link with
retry enabled. In this mode, command packing is suspended when a link is not busy. Setting this bit is
only effective if HtRetryCrcCmdPack is also set. BIOS should set this bit.
11:9 HtRetryCrcDatIns: link retry CRC data insertion. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Specifies insertion of
additional CRC cells in a data packet over coherent link. For a data packet defined as a data command
header followed by at most 4 data beats (beat 0 through beat 3) of 16 bytes each with a data packet
CRC at the end, this bit is defined as follows:
000b
no additional CRC insertion
001b
CRC insertion after data beat 0
010b
CRC insertion after cmd header and after data beat 0
011b
CRC insertion after cmd header, data beat 0 and data beat 1
100b
CRC insertion after cmd header, data beat 0, data beat 1 and data beat 2
101b - 111b reserved
BIOS should set this to 100b.
8
HtRetryCrcCmdPack: link retry CRC command packing. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 1=Enables
command packing on coherent links with retry enabled. Command packing allows a coherent link
transmitter to pack multiple commands together with a single CRC. BIOS should set this bit.
7
Reserved.
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6:5
ForceErrType: force error type. Read-write. Cold reset: 00b. Specifies the error type generated by
F0x[14C:130][ForceRetryError], F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][CrcForceErr], and F3x44[GenCrcErrByte1,
GenCrcErrByte0].
00b Forces per-packet CRC error in any packet type (NOP, command, or data).
01b Forces per-packet CRC error on a command packet only (not including NOP).
10b Forces per-packet CRC error on a data packet only. If HtRetryCrcDatIns=1, then the error is
forced into the first CRC of the packet.
11b Forces per-packet CRC error on a data packet only. If HtRetryCrcDatIns=1, then the error is
forced into the last CRC of the packet.
4
MultRetryErr: multiple retry force error. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 1=Inhibits hardware clearing
of [The Link Retry Registers] F0x[14C:130][ForceRetryError], thereby causing multiple link retry
errors (at a very high rate). This can be used to test software associated with reporting of multiple link
reconnect failures.
3:0
Reserved.
F0x160 Extended Node ID Register
Revision C and earlier: Reserved. Revision D and later: Reset: 0000 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:19 Reserved.
18:16 CpuCount[7:5]: CPU count bits[7:5]. Read-write. See F0x60[CpuCount[4:0]].
15:0 Reserved.
F0x164 Coherent Link Traffic Distribution Register
Reset: 0000 0000h. See 2.6.4.2.4 [Link Traffic Distribution] for details about link traffic distribution.
Bits
Description
31:24 Reserved.
23:16 DstLnk[7:0]: distribution destination link. Read-write. Specifies the pool of links over which traffic is distributed. Note that packets which are not eligible for distribution (for example sized reads and
writes) are routed normally, based on the routing tables. If the link is ganged, then only the sublink 0
bit need be set; the sublink 1 bit is ignored.
bit 0 - link 0, sublink 0
bit 4 - link 0, sublink 1
bit 1 - link 1, sublink 0
bit 5 - link 1, sublink 1
bit 2 - link 2, sublink 0
bit 6 - link 2, sublink 1
bit 3 - link 3, sublink 0
bit 7 - link 3, sublink 1
15:11 Reserved.
10:8 DstNode[2:0]: coherent link distribution destination node. Read-write. For cHTReqDistEn and
cHTRspDistEn, DstNode specifies the destination node for which coherent link traffic should be distributed. For cHTPrbDistEn, all probes originating from the local node are distributed irrespective of
the value of DstNode. Packets specified by cHTReqDistEn, cHTRspDistEn, and cHTPrbDistEn that
are destined for DstNode are distributed between links specified by DstLnk in approximately a roundrobin fashion.
7:3
Reserved.
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2
cHTPrbDistEn: coherent link probe distribution enable. Read-write. Enables coherent link traffic
distribution for the probe virtual channel. The probes affected by this bit are limited to broadcast
probes sourced from the local node (as opposed to being forwarded from another node).
1
cHTRspDistEn: coherent link response distribution enable. Read-write. 1=Enables coherent link
traffic distribution for the response virtual channel. The responses affected by this bit are limited to
responses to the request types listed for cHTReqDistEn and which are sourced from the local node (as
opposed to being forwarded from another node).
0
cHTReqDistEn: coherent link request distribution enable. Read-write. 1=Enable coherent link
traffic distribution for the request virtual channel. The requests affected by this bit are limited to cache
block transactions and directed probes which are sourced from the local node (as opposed to being
forwarded from another node).
F0x168 Extended Link Transaction Control Register
Reset: 0000 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:11 Reserved.
10
DisNcHtCmdThrottle: disable IO link command throttling. Read-write. 0=The node limits generation of the first DWORD of link-defined commands to no more than one every four DWORDs of
link bandwidth. If, for example, a 2-DWORD command is transmitted by the node, and there is no
data that follows, then the node sends at least 2 DWORDs of NOPs (possibly including buffer release
credits) before generating the next command packet. This bit applies to both Gen1 and Gen3 frequencies and protocols. This bit does not affect coherent links. Some IO devices may require this bit to be
clear. 1=The node does not limit the rate at which commands are generated on IO links.
9:8
ExtMmioMapAddSel: extended MMIO map address select. Read-write. These bits specify the
address bits used in [The Extended MMIO Address Base Registers] F1x114_x2, and therefore the
granularity of the map registers. It is encoded as:
00b = 0.5 Mbyte granularity.
10b = 128 Mbyte granularity.
01b = 8 Mbyte granularity.
11b = Reserved.
See F1x114_x2 for details.
7:4
Reserved.
3
Cpu5En: core 5 enable. Revision C and earlier: Reserved. Revision D and later: Read-write. See
F0x68[Cpu1En].
2
Cpu4En: core 4 enable. Revision C and earlier: Reserved. Revision D and later: Read-write. See
F0x68[Cpu1En].
1
Cpu3En: core 3 enable. Read-write. See F0x68[Cpu1En].
0
Cpu2En: core 2 enable. Read-write. See F0x68[Cpu1En].
F0x16C Link Global Extended Control Register
Further information about these bits can be found in the Gen3 link specification. BIOS should program this
register to the same value in all nodes of a multi-node system.
Bits
Description
31:23 Reserved.
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22:17 FullT0Time: full T0 time. Revision C2 and earlier and revision D and later: Reserved. FullT0Time
is always 200us. Revision C3: Read-write. Reset: 3Ah. This specifies the amount of time to spend in
training 0 following a warm reset, frequency change, or when the full T0 training period is invoked
due to expiration of the idle timer as described in F0x16C[ForceFullT0]. Encodings are the same as
T0Time. BIOS should set FullT0Time according to the maximum T0 training time requirement for
the link’s far-side receiver phase recovery time as determined by characterization. The recommended
value is 33h.
16
ImmUpdate: immediate update. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Many of the link phy registers, accessed
through F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80], control electrical parameters that are unsafe to change while the link is
operational; so the updates to these registers are normally withheld until the link is disconnected.
However, under some (testing and characterization) circumstances, it is preferable to allow these
changes to occur immediately, while the link is operational. ImmUpdate provides this option.
0=Writes to most of the link phy registers do not take effect in the link phy until the next LDTSTOP
or warm reset disconnect. Reads from a link phy register after a write return the current value not the
value pending until the link disconnects and reconnects. 1=Writes to the link phy registers are passed
to the phy immediately. Reads always returns the value from the most recent write.
15:13 ForceFullT0: force full T0 training time. Read-write. Cold reset: 000b. This specifies the period of
time that the link can be disconnected for an LDTSTOP before the full T0 training period is invoked.
The time is measured approximately from the assertion of LDTSTOP_L until training 0 is about to
start after LDTSTOP deassertion. If less than the specified time has expired, then training 0 specified
by T0Time is used. The bits are encoded as follows:
000b = Disabled.
100b = 3.2 milliseconds.
001b = 400 microseconds.
101b = 6.4 milliseconds.
010b = 800 microseconds.
110b = 12.8 milliseconds.
011b = 1.6 milliseconds.
111b = 25.6 milliseconds.
If F0x[18C:170][LS2En]=0, BIOS should set this to 000b. If F0x[18C:170][LS2En]=1, BIOS should
program this to 110b. If the IO Hub can ensure LDTSTOP_L is not asserted for more than 20ms,
BIOS may program this to 111b.
12:10 Reserved.
9
RXCalEn: receiver calibration enable. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 1=Enable receiver offset calibration during all training 1 periods. BIOS should leave this bit in the cold reset state.
8
ConnDly: connect delay. Revision D0 and earlier: Reserved. Revision D1 and later: Read-write.
Cold reset: 0. 1=Changes to F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][TransOff and EndOfChain] take effect on the next
LDTSTOP or warm reset. For dual-node processors, BIOS should program this according to section
2.7.1.5 [Link Mapping for Dual-Node Processors in the G34 Package].
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7:6
InLnSt: inactive lane state. Read-write. Cold reset: 00b. Specifies the state of inactive lanes of
ganged links at Gen3 frequencies as follows:
00b= Same as warm reset except CAD is logical 0.
01b= Same as PHY OFF.
10b= Same as operational; CTL and CAD transmit undefined scrambled data.
11b= Same as disconnected per F0x[18C:170][LS2En].
If (InLnSt=11b and F0x[18C:170][LS2En]=0), a link width increase cannot be done after a frequency
change, unless it is accompanied by another frequency change or a warm reset.
If InLnSt=00b, InLnSt=01b, or (InLnSt=11b and F0x[18C:170][LS2En]=1):
• For revision DA-C and C3 and later, link width changes are supported via LDTSTOP or warm reset.
A width change via LDTSTOP incurs FullT0Time.
• For all other revisions, link width changes are only supported via warm reset.
Updates to this field take effect on the next warm reset or LDTSTOP. BIOS should program this field
to 01b for revision DA-C processors in the S1g3 package and revision C3 single link processors.
5:0
T0Time: training 0 time. Read-write. Cold reset: 3Ah. Specifies the amount of time to spend in
training 0 when exiting the disconnected state. See ForceFullT0, F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[530A,
520A][Ls2ExitTime], and section 2.7.6 [Link LDTSTOP_L Disconnect-Reconnect].
If T0Time[5:4]=00b, then the time = T0Time[3:0] * 0.1 usec (ranging from 0.0 to 1.5 usec).
If T0Time[5:4]=01b, then the time = T0Time[3:0] * 0.5 usec (ranging from 0.0 to 7.5 usec).
If T0Time[5:4]=10b, then the time = T0Time[3:0] * 2.0 usec (ranging from 0.0 to 30 usec).
If T0Time[5:4]=11b and T0Time[3:0] ranges from 0h to Ah,
then the time = T0Time[3:0] * 20 usec (ranging from 0.0 to 200 usec).
If T0Time[5:4]=11b and T0Time[3:0] ranges from Bh to Fh, these values are reserved.
BIOS should set T0Time according to the T0 training time requirement for the links’ far-side receiver
phase recovery time as determined by characterization. The recommended values are 14h if
F0x[18C:170][LS2En]=0 and 26h if F0x[18C:170][LS2En]=1.
F0x[18C:170] Link Extended Control Registers
These registers provide control for each link. They are mapped to the links as follows:
• F0x170=Link 0, sublink 0. F0x174=Link 1, sublink 0. F0x178=Link 2, sublink 0. F0x17C=Link 3, sublink 0.
• F0x180=Link 0, sublink 1. F0x184=Link 1, sublink 1. F0x188=Link 2, sublink 1. F0x18C=Link 3, sublink 1.
Visibility of these sublink 1 registers is as specified through Ganged (bit 0) of the sublink 0 registers.
If a link is ganged, only the register for sublink 0 of that link is visible and it applies to the whole link. Further
information about these bits can be found in the Gen3 link specification.
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Bits
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Description
31:14 Reserved.
13:12 LaneSel: lanes select. Read-write. Cold reset: 00b. This field only exists in the sublink 0 registers; in
the sublink 1 registers, these bits are reserved. For unganged links, they apply to both sublinks. This
field specifies how receive (RX) lanes are translated into transmit (TX) lanes for links that are in ILM.
The translation varies with link width. Given the RX order specified below, the TX order varies with
LaneSel as follows:
Bits 16-bit link
8-bit link
RX={CTL1, CAD[15:8], CTL0, CAD[7:0]}
RX={CTL0, CAD[7:0]}
00b Same as RX.
Same as RX
01b TX={CAD[12:8], CTL0, CAD[7:0], CTL1, CAD[15:13]} TX={CAD[6:0], CTL0, CAD[7]}
10b TX={CTL0, CAD[7:0], CTL1, CAD[15:8]}
TX={CAD[4:0], CTL0, CAD[7:5]}
11b TX={CAD[4:0], CTL1, CAD[15:8], CTL0, CAD[7:5]} TX={CAD[2:0], CTL0, CAD[7:3]}
Bits 4-bit link
2-bit link
RX = {CTL0, CAD[3:0]}
RX = {CTL0, CAD[1:0]}
00b Same as RX.
Same as RX.
01b TX={CAD[3:0], CTL0}
TX={CAD[1:0], CTL0}
10b TX={CAD[2:0], CTL0, CAD[3]}
TX={CAD[0], CTL0, CAD[1]}
11b TX={CAD[1:0], CTL0, CAD[3:2]}
Reserved
Note: 01b and 11b are not useful at Gen1 frequencies because the link cannot be trained unless the
CTL lanes line up.
In BIST mode on 16-bit links, LaneSel[1] selects which sublink is received by the BIST engine.
0=sublink 0, 1=sublink 1; LaneSel[1:0] also causes the receive path of the BIST engine to reverse the
translation for 8-bit or smaller links.
11
ILMEn: internal loopback mode (ILM) enable. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 1=ILM enabled on the
next LDTSTOP Disconnect or warm reset. Cleared by hardware upon the subsequent LDTSTOP Disconnect or warm reset. F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[DF, CF][XmtRdPtr and RcvRdPtr] must be 0 (the
default) when ILM mode is used.
10
BistEn: built-in self test (BIST) enable. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 1=The link BIST engine is
enabled on the next LDTSTOP Disconnect or warm reset. Cleared by hardware upon the subsequent
LDTSTOP Disconnect or warm reset.
9
Reserved
8
LS2En: LDTSTOP mode 2 enable. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 0=Use LS1 mode for power reduction
when the link is disconnected. 1=Use LS2 mode. BIOS should set this bit for single-link processors
and for revision D1 G34 and C32 processors. See F0x16C[ForceFullT0].
7:4
3
2:1
0
Reserved.
ScrambleEn: scrambling enable. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 1=Scrambling enable. Updates to this
bit take effect on the next warm reset or LDTSTOP assertion. Software must clear this bit when transitioning from Gen3 to Gen1 protocol. See Table 32.
Reserved.
Ganged. Read-write; read-only 1 if the bit corresponding to the link in F3xE8[UnGangEn] is 0.
0=The link is unganged; this register is visible for both sublinks. 1=The link is ganged; only the sublink 0 register is visible. This value is initialized after a cold reset, based on the ganging state determined by hardware (see 2.7.1.1 [Ganging And Unganging]). Writes to this bit take effect on the next
warm reset; reads reflect the last value written (rather than the current state of the link). This bit only
exists in the sublink 0 registers.
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F0x1A0 Link Initialization Status Register
Bits
31
Description
InitStatusValid: initialization status valid. Read-only. 1=Indicates that the rest of the information in
this register is valid for all links; each link is either not connected or the initialization is complete.
30:24 Reserved.
23:16 IntLnkRoute: internal link routing. Revision C and earlier: Reserved. Revision D and later: Readonly. This field defines an 8 bit vector, with one bit per sublink, indicating whether the links are connected to internal nodes or external nodes. This field is valid for all links regardless of the initialization status if F3xE8[MultiNodeCpu]=1. 1=Internal node. 0=External node. See F0x[E8, C8, A8,
88][Freq[3:0]] and F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D5, C5].
Bit Description
Bit Description
0
link 0 sublink 0.
4
link 0 sublink 1.
1
link 1 sublink 0.
5
link 1 sublink 1.
2
link 2 sublink 0.
6
link 2 sublink 1.
3link 3 sublink 0. 7link 3 sublink 1.
15:0 NC and InitComplete. Read-only. These bits provide duplicate versions of status bits F0x[F8, D8,
B8, 98][NC and InitComplete] and F4x[F8, D8, B8, 98][NC and InitComplete] as follows:
Bit Description
Bit Description
0
link 0 sublink 0 InitComplete.
8
link 0 sublink 1 InitComplete.
1
link 0 sublink 0 NC.
9
link 0 sublink 1 NC.
2
link 1 sublink 0 InitComplete.
10 link 1 sublink 1 InitComplete.
3
link 1 sublink 0 NC.
11 link 1 sublink 1 NC.
4
link 2 sublink 0 InitComplete.
12 link 2 sublink 1 InitComplete.
5
link 2 sublink 0 NC.
13 link 2 sublink 1 NC.
6
link 3 sublink 0 InitComplete.
14 link 3 sublink 1 InitComplete.
7
link 3 sublink 0 NC.
15 link 3 sublink 1 NC.
F0x1E0 Coherent Link Pair Traffic Distribution Register
Revision C and earlier: Reserved. Revision D and later: Reset: 0000 0000h. See 2.6.4.2.4 [Link Traffic Distribution] for details about link traffic distribution.
31:29 AltSel3: alternate select 3. See AltSel0.
28:26 MasterSel3: master select 3. See MasterSel0.
25
Asym3: asymmetric 3. See Asym0.
24
DistEn3: distribution enable 3. See DistEn0.
23:21 AltSel2: alternate select 2. See AltSel0.
20:18 MasterSel2: master select 2. See MasterSel0.
17
Asym2: asymmetric 2. See Asym0.
16
DistEn2: distribution enable 2. See DistEn0.
15:13 AltSel1: alternate select 1. See AltSel0.
12:10 MasterSel1: master select 1. See Master0.
9
Asym1: asymmetric 1. See Asym0.
8
DistEn1: distribution enable 1. See DistEn0.
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7:5
AltSel0: alternate select 0. Read-write. 3-bit select for alternate link of pair 0.See MasterSel0 for the
encodings.
4:2
MasterSel0: master select 0. Read-write. 3-bit select for master link of pair 0.
000b=link 0 sublink 0.
100b=link 0 sublink 1.
001b=link 1 sublink 0.
101b=link 1 sublink 1.
010b=link 2 sublink 0.
110b=link 2 sublink 1.
011b=link 3 sublink 0.
111b=link 3 sublink 1.
1
Asym0: asymmetric 0. Read-write. 1=Link pair 0 is asymmetric.
0
DistEn0: distribution enable 0. Read-write. 1=Enables traffic distribution for link pair 0.
3.4
Function 1 Address Map Registers
See 3.1 [Register Descriptions and Mnemonics] for a description of the register naming convention. See 2.11
[Configuration Space] for details about how to access this space.
F1x00 Device/Vendor ID Register
Reset: 1201 1022h.
Bits
Description
31:16 DeviceID: device ID. Read-only.
15:0 VendorID: vendor ID. Read-only.
F1x08 Class Code/Revision ID Register
Reset: 0600 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:8 ClassCode. Read-only. Provides the host bridge class code as defined in the PCI specification.
7:0
RevID: revision ID. Read-only. Processor revision. 00h=A0.
F1x0C Header Type Register
Reset: 0080 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:0 HeaderTypeReg. Read-only. These bits are fixed at their default values. The header type field
indicates that there are multiple functions present in this device.
F1x[1, 0][7C:40] DRAM Base/Limit Registers
These registers specify the destination node of DRAM address ranges. The following 8 sets of registers are
specified:
Limit Address
Base Address
Limit Address
Base Address
F1x040, F1x140 F1x044, F1x144
F1x060, F1x160 F1x064, F1x164
F1x048, F1x148 F1x04C, F1x14C
F1x068, F1x168 F1x06C, F1x16C
F1x050, F1x150 F1x054, F1x154
F1x070, F1x170 F1x074, F1x174
F1x058, F1x158 F1x05C, F1x15C
F1x078, F1x178 F1x07C, F1x17C
F1x0XX registers provide the low address bits and F1x1XX registers provide the high address bits. Transaction addresses that are within the specified base/limit range are routed to the DstNode. See [The Northbridge
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Routing] 2.6.4.
DRAM mapping rules:
• Transaction addresses are within the defined range if:
{DramBase[47:24], 00_0000h} <= address[47:0] <= {DramLimit[47:24], FF_FFFFh}.
• DRAM regions must not overlap each other.
• Accesses to addresses that map to both DRAM, as specified by F1x[1, 0][7C:40], and MMIO, as specified by
F1x[BC:80], are routed to MMIO only.
• Programming of the DRAM address maps must be consistent with the Memory-Type Range Registers
(MTRRs) and the top of memory registers, MSRC001_001A and MSRC001_001D. CPU accesses only hit
within the DRAM address maps if the corresponding MTRR is of type DRAM. Accesses from IO links are
routed based on [The DRAM Base/Limit Registers] F1x[1, 0][7C:40], only.
• The appropriate RE or WE bit(s) must be set. When initializing a base/limit pair, the BIOS must write the
[limit] register before either the RE or WE bit is set. When changing a base/limit pair that is already enabled,
the BIOS should clear RE and WE before changing the address range.
• See 2.6.4.1.1 [DRAM and MMIO Memory Space].
Hoisting. When memory hoisting is enabled in a node (via F1xF0[DramHoleValid]), F1x[1, 0][7C:40][DramLimit] should be set up to account for the memory hoisted above the hole. I.e., F1x[1, 0][7C:40]DramLimit
should be set to F1x[1, 0][7C:40][DramBase] plus the size of the amount of memory owned by the node plus
the hole size (4G minus F1xF0[DramHoleBase]). See 2.8.11 [Memory Hoisting] for more information about
memory hoisting.
Node interleave. DRAM may be mapped as continuous regions for each node or it may be interleaved
between nodes. See 2.8.10.2 [Node Interleaving] for details.
F1x[78, 70, 68, 60, 58, 50, 48, 40] DRAM Base Address Registers
Bits Description
31:16 DramBase[39:24]: DRAM base address register bits[39:24]. Read-write. Reset: 0000h.
15:11 Reserved
10:8 IntlvEn[2:0]: interleave enable. Read-write. Reset: 0h. This field enables interleaving on a 4-Kbyte
boundary between memory on different nodes. The bits are encoded as follows:
000b = No interleave
001b = Interleave on A[12] (2 nodes)
011b = Interleave on A[12] and A[13] (4 nodes)
111b = Interleave on A[12], A[13], and A[14] (8 nodes)
All other values are reserved. The value of this field is required to match F1x124[DramIntlvEn].
7:2
Reserved.
1
WE: write enable. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=Writes to this address range are enabled.
0
RE: read enable. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=Reads to this address range are enabled.
F1x[178, 170, 168, 160, 158, 150, 148, 140] DRAM Base Address High Registers
Bits Description
31:8 Reserved.
7:0
DramBase[47:40]: DRAM base address register bits[47:40]. Read-write. Reset: 0.
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F1x[7C, 74, 6C, 64, 5C, 54, 4C, 44] DRAM Limit Address Registers
Bits Description
31:16 DramLimit[39:24]: DRAM limit address register bits[39:24]. Read-write. Reset: X, except in
F1x44 reset: FFFFh.
15:11 Reserved.
10:8 IntlvSel: interleave select. Read-write. Reset: X, except in F1x44 reset: 000b. This field specifies the
values of address bits A[14:12] to use with the Interleave Enable field (IntlvEn[2:0]) to determine
which 4-Kbyte blocks are routed to this region. IntlvSel[0] corresponds to A[12]; IntlvSel[1] corresponds to A[13]; IntlvSel[2] corresponds to A[14].
7:3
Reserved.
2:0
DstNode: destination Node ID. Read-write. Reset: X, except in F1x44 reset: 0h. This field specifies
the node that a packet is routed to if it is within the address range.
F1x[17C, 174, 16C, 164, 15C, 154, 14C, 144] DRAM Limit Address High Registers
Bits Description
31:8 Reserved.
7:0
DramLimit[47:40]: DRAM limit address register bits[47:40]. Read-write. Reset: 0.
F1x[BC:80] Memory Mapped IO Base/Limit Registers
These registers specify the mapping from memory addresses to the corresponding node and IO link for MMIO
transactions. Address ranges are specified by 8 sets of base/limit registers. The first set is F1x80 and F1x84, the
second set is F1x88 and F1x8C, and so forth. Transaction addresses that are within the specified base/limit
range are routed to the node specified by DstNode and the link specified by DstLink. See [The Northbridge
Routing] 2.6.4.
MMIO mapping rules:
• Transaction addresses are within the defined range if:
{00h, MMIOBase[39:16], 0000h} <= address[47:0] <= {00h, MMIOLimit[39:16], FFFFh}.
• MMIO regions must not overlap each other.
• Accesses to addresses that map to both DRAM, as specified by F1x[1, 0][7C:40], and MMIO, as specified by
F1x[BC:80], are routed to MMIO only.
• Programming of the MMIO address maps must be consistent with the Memory-Type Range Registers
(MTRRs) and the top of memory registers, MSRC001_001A and MSRC001_001D. CPU accesses only hit
within the MMIO address maps if the corresponding MTRR is of type IO. Accesses from IO links are routed
based on [The Memory Mapped IO Base/Limit Registers] F1x[BC:80], only.
• The appropriate RE or WE bit(s) must be set. When initializing a base/limit pair, the BIOS must write the
limit address register before either the RE or WE bit is set. When changing a base/limit pair that is already
enabled, the BIOS should clear RE and WE before changing the address range.
• Scenarios in which the address space of multiple MMIO ranges target the same IO device is supported.
• See 2.6.4.1.1 [DRAM and MMIO Memory Space].
F1x[B8, B0, A8, A0, 98, 90, 88, 80] MMIO Base Address Registers
Bits Description
31:8 MMIOBase[39:16]: MMIO base address register bits[39:16]. Read-write. Reset: X.
7:4
Reserved.
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3
Lock. Read-write. Reset: X. 1=The MMIO base/limit address register pair is read-only (including this
bit) unless both WE and RE bits are 0.
2
Reserved.
1
WE: write enable. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=Writes to this address range are enabled.
0
RE: read enable. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=Reads to this address range are enabled.
F1x[BC, B4, AC, A4, 9C, 94, 8C, 84] MMIO Limit Address Registers
Bits Description
31:8 MMIOLimit[39:16]: MMIO limit address register bits[39:16]. Read-write. Reset: X.
7
NP: non-posted. Read-write. Reset: X. 1=CPU write requests to this MMIO range are passed through
the non-posted channel. This may be used to force writes to be non-posted for MMIO regions which
map to the legacy ISA/LPC bus, or in conjunction with [The Link Transaction Control Register]
F0x68[DsNpReqLmt] in order to allow downstream CPU requests to be counted and thereby limited
to a specified number. This latter use of the NP bit may be used to avoid loop deadlock scenarios in
systems that implement a region in an IO device that reflects downstream accesses back upstream.
See the HyperTransport™ IO Link Specification summary of deadlock scenarios for more information. 0=CPU writes to this MMIO range use the posted channel. This bit does not affect requests that
come from IO links (the virtual channel of the request is specified by the IO request).
Note: if two MMIO ranges target the same IO device and the NP bit is set differently in both ranges,
unexpected transaction ordering effects are possible. In particular, using PCI- and IO-link-defined
producer-consumer semantics, if a producer (e.g., the processor) writes data using a non-posted
MMIO range followed by a flag to a posted MMIO range, then it is possible for the device to see the
flag updated before the data is updated.
6
DstSubLink: destination sublink. Read-write. Reset: X. When a link is unganged, this bit specifies
the destination sublink of the link specified by F1x[BC:80][DstLink]. 0=The destination link is
sublink 0. 1=The destination link is sublink 1. If the link is ganged, then this bit must be low.
5:4
DstLink: destination link ID. Read-write. Reset: X. For transactions within the this MMIO range,
this field specifies the destination IO link number of the destination node.
00b = Link 0
10b = Link 2
01b = Link 1
11b = Link 3
3
2:0
Reserved.
DstNode: destination node ID bits. Read-write. Reset: X. For transactions within the this MMIO
range, this field specifies the destination node ID.
F1x[DC:C0] IO-Space Base/Limit Registers
These registers specify the mapping from IO addresses to the corresponding node and IO link for transactions
resulting from x86-defined IN and OUT instructions. IO address ranges are specified by 4 sets of base/limit
registers. The first set is F1xC0 and F1xC4, the second set is F1xC8 and F1xCC, and so forth. Transaction
addresses that are within the specified base/limit range are routed to the node specified by DstNode and the
link specified by DstLink. See [The Northbridge Routing] 2.6.4.
IO mapping rules:
• IO-space transaction addresses are within the defined range if:
{IOBase[24:12], 000h} <= address <= {IOLimit[24:12], FFFh} and as specified by the IE bit; or
if the address is in the range specified by the VE bits.
• IO regions must not overlap each other.
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• The appropriate RE or WE bit(s) must be set.
• See 2.6.4.1.2 [IO Space].
F1x[D8, D0, C8, C0] IO-Space Base Address Registers
Bits Description
31:25 Reserved.
24:12 IOBase[24:12]: IO base address register bits[24:12]. Read-write. Reset: X.
11:6 Reserved.
5
IE: ISA enable. Read-write. Reset: X. 1=The IO-space address window is limited to the first 256
bytes of each 1K byte block specified; this only applies to the first 64K bytes of IO space. 0=The PCI
IO window is not limited in this way.
4
VE: VGA enable. Read-write. Reset: X. 1=Include IO-space transactions targeting the VGAcompatible address space within the IO-space window of this base/limit pair. These include IO
accesses in which address bits[9:0] range from 3B0h to 3BBh or 3C0h to 3DFh (address bits[15:10]
are not decoded); this only applies to the first 64K of IO space; i.e., address bits[24:16] must be low).
0=IO-space transactions targeting VGA-compatible address ranges are not added to the IO-space
window. This bit should only ever be set in one register. Note: The MMIO range associated with the
VGA enable bit in the PCI specification is NOT included in the VE bit definition; to map this range to
an IO link, see [The VGA Enable Register] F1xF4. Note, when F1xF4[VE] is set, the state of this bit
is ignored.
3:2
Reserved.
1
WE: write enable. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=Writes to this IO-space address range are enabled.
0
RE: read enable. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=Reads to this IO-space address range are enabled.
F1x[DC, D4, CC, C4] IO-Space Limit Address Registers
Bits Description
31:25 Reserved.
24:12 IOLimit[24:12]: IO limit address register bits[24:12]. Read-write. Reset: X.
11:7 Reserved.
6
DstSubLink: destination sublink. Read-write. Reset: X. When a link is unganged, this bit specifies
the destination sublink of the link specified by F1x[DC:C0][DstLink]. 0=The destination link is
sublink 0. 1=The destination link is sublink 1. If the link is ganged, then this bit must be low.
5:4
DstLink: destination link ID. Read-write. Reset: X. For transactions within the this IO-space range,
this field specifies the destination IO link number of the destination node.
00b = Link 0
10b = Link 2
01b = Link 1
11b = Link 3
3
2:0
Reserved.
DstNode: destination node ID bits. Read-write. Reset: X. For transactions within the this IO-space
range, this field specifies the destination node ID.
F1x[EC:E0] Configuration Map Registers
These registers specify the mapping from configuration address to the corresponding node and IO link. Configuration address ranges are specified by 4 pairs of base/limit registers. The first is F1xE0, the second is F1xE4,
and so forth. Transaction addresses that are within the specified base/limit range are routed to the node specified by DstNode and the link specified by DstLink. See [The Northbridge Routing] 2.6.4.
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Configuration space mapping rules:
• Configuration addresses (to “BusNo” and “Device” as specified by [The IO-Space Configuration Address
Register] IOCF8 in the case of IO accesses or [The Configuration Space] 2.11 in the case of MMIO accesses)
are within the defined range if:
( {BusNumBase[7:0]} <= BusNo <= {BusNumLimit[7:0]} ) & (DevCmpEn==0); or
( {BusNumBase[4:0]} <= Device <= {BusNumLimit[4:0]} ) & (DevCmpEn==1) & (BusNo == 00h).
• Configuration regions must not overlap each other.
• The appropriate RE or WE bit(s) must be set.
• See 2.6.4.1.3 [Configuration Space].
Bits
Description
31:24 BusNumLimit[7:0]: bus number limit bits[7:0]. Read-write. Reset: X.
23:16 BusNumBase[7:0]: bus number base bits[7:0]. Read-write. Reset: X.
15:11 Reserved.
10
DstSubLink: destination sublink. Read-write. Reset: X. When a link is unganged, this bit specifies
the destination sublink of the link specified by F1x[EC:E0][DstLink]. 0=The destination link is
sublink 0. 1=The destination link is sublink 1. If the link is ganged, then this bit must be low.
9:8
DstLink: destination link ID. Read-write. Reset: X. For transactions within the this configurationspace range, this field specifies the destination IO link number of the destination node.
00b = Link 0
01b = Link 1
10b = Link 2
11b = Link 3
7
6:4
Reserved.
DstNode: destination node ID bits. Read-write. Reset: X. For transactions within the this
configuration-space range, this field specifies the destination node ID.
3
Reserved.
2
DevCmpEn: device number compare mode enable. Read-write. Reset: X. 1=A device number
range rather than a bus number range is used to specify the configuration-space window (see above).
This is used to enable multiple IO links to be configured as Bus 0.
1
WE: write enable. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=Writes to this configuration-space address range are
enabled.
0
RE: read enable. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=Reads to this configuration-space address range are
enabled.
F1xF0 DRAM Hole Address Register
Reset: 0000 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:24 DramHoleBase[31:24]. DRAM hole base address. Read-write. This specifies the base address of the
IO hole, below the 4G address level, that is used in memory hoisting. Normally, DramHoleBase >=
MSRC001_001A[TOM[31:24]]. See 2.8.11 [Memory Hoisting] for additional programming information.
23:16 Reserved.
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15:7
6:2
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
• DramHoleOffset[31:23]: DRAM hole offset address. Read-write. When memory hoisting is
enabled, this value is subtracted from the physical address of certain transactions before being
passed to the DCT. See 2.8.11 [Memory Hoisting] for additional programming information.
Reserved.
1
DramMemHoistValid. Read-write. 1=Memory hoisting is enabled in one or more nodes of the
coherent fabric. This bit should be set in all nodes of the coherent fabric if memory hoisting is
employed by any of them. See 2.8.11 [Memory Hoisting] for additional programming information.
0
DramHoleValid. Read-write. 1=Memory hoisting is enabled in the node. 0=Memory hoisting is not
enabled. This bit should be set in the node(s) that own the DRAM address space that is hoisted above
the 4GB address level. If node interleaving is employed, then this should be set in all nodes. See
2.8.11 [Memory Hoisting] for additional programming information.
F1xF4 VGA Enable Register
Reset: 0000 0000h. All these bits are read-write unless Lock is set.
Bits
Description
31:15 Reserved.
14
DstSubLink: destination sublink. Read-write. When a link is unganged, this bit specifies the
destination sublink of the link specified by F1xF4[DstLink]. 0=The destination link is sublink 0.
1=The destination link is sublink 1. If the link is ganged, then this bit must be low.
13:12 DstLink: destination link ID. Read-write. For transactions within the F1xF4[VE]-defined ranges,
this field specifies the destination IO link number of the destination node.
00b = Link 0
01b = Link 1
10b = Link 2
11b = Link 3
11:7 Reserved.
6:4
DstNode[2:0]: destination node ID. Read-write. For transactions within the F1xF4[VE]-defined
range, this field specifies the destination node ID.
3
Lock. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=All the bits in this register (F1xF4) are read-only (including this bit).
2
Reserved.
1
NP: non-posted. Read-write. 1=CPU write requests to the F1xF4[VE]-defined MMIO range are
passed through the non-posted channel. 0=CPU writes may be posted.
0
VE: VGA enable. Read-write. 1=Transactions targeting the VGA-compatible address space are
routed and controlled as specified by this register. The VGA-compatible address space is: (1) the
MMIO range A_0000h through B_FFFFh; (2) IO-space accesses in which address bits[9:0] range
from 3B0h to 3BBh or 3C0h to 3DFh (address bits[15:10] are not decoded; this only applies to the
first 64K of IO space; i.e., address bits[24:16] must be low). 0=Transactions targeting the VGAcompatible address space are not affected by the state of this register. Note, when this bit is set, the
state of F1x[DC:C0][VE] is ignored.
F1x110 Extended Address Map Control Register
This register provides the index to several extended address map control registers. In order to access these registers, (1) AddrMapType and Index are written into this register; (2) read-write access to the register is accomplished through [The Extended Address Map Data Port] F1x114. The extended address map registers are
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
disabled when [The Link Transaction Control Register] F0x68[CHtExtAddrEn] = 0b; when disabled the
extended address maps are not checked for routing packets. F1x110 must not be accessed if F0x68[CHtExtAddrEn]=0b.
Before reading F1x114_x2 or F1x114_x3 software must initialize the registers or NB Array MCA errors may
occur. If F0x68[CHtExtAddrEn]=0, BIOS should initialize index 0h of F1x114_x2 and F1x114_x3. If
F0x68[CHtExtAddrEn]=1, BIOS should initialize all indices of F1x114_x2 and F1x114_x3.
Bits
31
Description
Reserved.
30:28 AddrMapType. Read-write. Specifies the type of address map being accessed as follows:
00xb = Reserved
010b = [The Extended MMIO Address Base Registers] F1x114_x2
011b = [The Extended MMIO Address Mask Registers] F1x114_x3
1xxb = Reserved
27:4 Reserved.
3:0
Index. Read-write. This function varies based on the AddrMapType register accessed.
F1x114 Extended Address Map Data Port
See F1x110 for details about this port.
F1x114_x2 Extended MMIO Address Base Registers
See F1x110 for information about accessing this set of registers. The extended MMIO address map is a 16
entry table with fully associative lookup. Each entry is accessed through F1x114_x2 and F1x114_x3, with
F1x110[Index] specifying the entry number. An incoming transaction of address Addr[47:0] is determined to
be within the range specified by an entry if the following is true, as a function of F0x168[ExtMmioMapAddSel]:
F0x168[ExtMmioMapAddSel]:Equation
00b: (Addr[39:19] | MmioMapMask[20:0] == MmioMapBase[20:0] | MmioMapMask[20:0]) & (Addr[47:40] == 00h)
01b: (Addr[43:23] | MmioMapMask[20:0] == MmioMapBase[20:0] | MmioMapMask[20:0]) & (Addr[47:44] == 0h)
10b: (Addr[47:27] | MmioMapMask[20:0] == MmioMapBase[20:0] | MmioMapMask[20:0])
11b: Reserved.
Accesses within the range specified by an entry are routed to the node specified by MmioDstNode.
It is the responsibility of software to ensure each address hits only 1 entry in the MMIO map. Hits to multiple
entries result in undefined behavior. Note the precedence of defined memory ranges specified by section
2.6.4.1.1 [DRAM and MMIO Memory Space].
Note that the MMIO base and mask entries are written into the address map together by the hardware only
when the mask is written by software. As a result, the base (F1x114_x2) must be written by software before the
mask (F1x114_x3). On a read, the mask must be read before the base and the hardware read of the map registers occurs when the mask is read by software. Also, writes to the data/mask registers are stored differently
than they are written, such that the value read back may be different than what is written as follows:
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Write base bit
0
1
0 or 1
Write mask bit
0
0
1
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Read base bit
0
1
1
Read mask bit
1
0
1
Notes
Base bit is 0, unmasked
Base bit is 1, unmasked
Bit is masked
All CPU write requests that are routed through these registers are routed in the posted channel. IO link write
requests that are routed through these registers use channel indicated in the source request.
Bits
Description
31:29 Reserved.
28:8 MmioMapBase[20:0]. Read-write. Reset: X.
7
Reserved.
6
MmioDstThisNode. Read-write. Reset: X. 1=The destination is the local node. See MmioDstNode.
5:3
Reserved.
2:0
MmioDstNode. Read-write. Reset: X. Specifies the destination node or link of the MMIO access. If
MmioDstThisNode=1, MmioDstNode[1:0] contains the destination link number and MmioDstNode[2] contains the destination sublink (if the link is unganged).
F1x114_x3 Extended MMIO Address Mask Registers
See F1x114_x2 for details.
Bits
Description
31:29 Reserved.
28:8 MmioMapMask[20:0]. Read-write. Reset: X. 1=Address bit is a don’t care.
7:1
0
Reserved.
MmioMapEn. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=This entry is enabled.
F1x120 DRAM Base System Address Register
F1x120 and F1x124 are required to specify the base and limit system address range of the DRAM connected to
the local node. DRAM accesses to the local node with physical address Addr[47:0] that are within the following range are directed to the DCTs:
{DramBaseAddr[47:27], 000_0000h} <= Addr[47:0] <= {DramLimitAddr[47:27], 7FF_FFFFh};
DRAM accesses to the local node that are outside of this range are master aborted. This range is also used to
specify the range of DRAM covered by the scrubber (see F3x58 and F3x5C).
DRAM may be mapped as continuous regions for each node or it may be interleaved between nodes. If node
interleaving is not invoked, as specified by DramIntlvEn, then the address of the DRAM transaction is normalized before passing it to the DCTs by subtracting DramBaseAddr.
If node interleaving is invoked, then DramBaseAddr should be zero in all the nodes and DramLimitAddr
should be the top of memory in all nodes. Based on the value of DramIntlvEn, the normalized address to the
DCTs is modified to remove the affected address bits between A[17:12]; e.g., if 8-node interleave is invoked,
then DramIntlvEn is set to 111b and the normalized address to the DCTs removes A[14:12] to become
{A[47:15], A[11:0]}. See 2.8.10.2 [Node Interleaving] for more details.
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Bits
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Description
31:24 Reserved.
23:21 DramIntlvSel: interleave select. Read-write. Reset: 0. This field specifies the values of address bits
A[14:12] that are routed to the local node when node interleaving is enabled. IntlvSel[0] corresponds
to A[12]; IntlvSel[1] corresponds to A[13]; IntlvSel[2] corresponds to A[14].
20:0 DramBaseAddr[47:27]: dram base address. Read-write. Reset: 0.
F1x124 DRAM Limit System Address Register
See F1x120.
Bits
Description
31:21 Reserved.
23:21 DramIntlvEn[2:0]: dram interleave enable. Read-write. Reset: 0. This field specifies interleaving
on a 4-Kbyte boundary between DRAM on different nodes. The bits are encoded as follows:
000b = No interleave
001b = Interleave on A[12] (2 nodes)
011b = Interleave on A[12] and A[13] (4 nodes)
111b = Interleave on A[12], A[13], and A[14] (8 nodes)
All other values are reserved. The value of this field is required to match F1x[1, 0][7C:40][IntlvEn].
20:0 DramLimitAddr[47:27]: dram limit address. Read-write. Reset: 1F_FFFFh.
3.5
Function 2 DRAM Controller Registers
See 3.1 [Register Descriptions and Mnemonics] for a description of the register naming convention. See 2.11
[Configuration Space] for details about how to access this space.
F2x00 Device/Vendor ID Register
Reset: 1202 1022h.
Bits
Description
31:16 DeviceID: device ID. Read-only.
15:0 VendorID: vendor ID. Read-only.
F2x08 Class Code/Revision ID Register
Reset: 0600 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:8 ClassCode. Read-only. Provides the host bridge class code as defined in the PCI specification.
7:0
RevID: revision ID. Read-only.
F2x0C Header Type Register
Reset: 0080 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:0 HeaderTypeReg. Read-only. These bits are fixed at their default values. The header type field
indicates that there are multiple functions present in this device.
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F2x[1, 0][5C:40] DRAM CS Base Address Registers
Reset: 0000 0000h. See 2.8.1 [DCT Configuration Registers] for general programming information about DCT
configuration registers.
These registers along with [The DRAM CS Mask Registers] F2x[1, 0][6C:60], translate DRAM request
addresses (to a DRAM controller) into DRAM chip selects. Supported DIMM sizes are specified in [The
DRAM Bank Address Mapping Register] F2x[1, 0]80. For more information on the DRAM controllers, see 2.8
[DRAM Controllers (DCTs)].
The processor logically supports the following number of DIMMs in the following packages:
Table 83: DIMM support per package
Package
Fr2(1207)
G34
AM2r2 and
AM3
S1g3 or S1g4
Number of DIMMs per channel
Registered
4-Rank
Unbuffered SO-DIMMs
registered
4
2
0
0
2 or 3
1 or 2
0
0
0
0
2
1
0
0
2
1
For each chip select, there is a DRAM CS Base Address register. For every two chip selects there is a DRAM
CS Mask Register. These are associated with logical DIMM numbers, CKE, and ODT signals as follows:
Table 84: Logical DIMM, Chip Select, CKE, ODT, and Register Mapping
Base Address
Registers
Mask
Register
F2x[1, 0]40
F2x[1, 0]44
F2x[1, 0]60
F2x[1, 0]48
F2x[1, 0]64
F2x[1, 0]4C
Logical
Chip Select Pad3
DIMM1
N R4
0
0 MEMCS[1:0]_L[0]
MEMCS[1:0]_L[1]
1
1
M[B, A]_
CKE[x]
0
1
ODT Pad3
MEMODT[1:0][0]
MEMODT[1:0][1]4
MEMCS[1:0]_L[2]
0
MEMODT[1:0][2]4
MEMODT[1:0][1]4
MEMCS[1:0]_L[3]
1
MEMODT[1:0][3]4
MEMODT[1:0][2]
MEMODT[1:0][3]
-
F2x[1, 0]50 F2x[1, 0]68 22
0 MEMCS[1:0]_L[4]
0
F2x[1, 0]54
MEMCS[1:0]_L[5]
1
F2x[1, 0]58 F2x[1, 0]6C 32
1 MEMCS[1:0]_L[6]
0
F2x[1, 0]5C
MEMCS[1:0]_L[7]
1
1. N=Normal.
R4=Four-rank registered DIMM only (F2x[1, 0]94[FourRankRDimm]=1).
2. Logical DIMM numbers 2 and 3 are not supported in all packages.
3. See section 2.8.2 [DDR Pad to Processor Pin Mapping].
4. If (F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode]=1 && F2x[1, 0]90[UnbuffDimm]==1) || (F2x[1, 0]94[PowerDownMode]==1 && F2x[1, 0]94[PowerDownEn]==1) then the first specified pad is used for
ODT to the second rank of a dual rank DIMM; otherwise either the second specified pad is
used, or the termination for that rank is strapped to the appropriate voltage rail on the platform.
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The DRAM controller operates on the normalized physical address of the DRAM request. The normalized
physical address includes all of the address bits that are supported by a DRAM controller. See 2.6.1 [Northbridge (NB) Architecture].
Each base address register specifies the starting normalized address of the block of memory associated with the
chip select. Each mask register specifies the additional address bits that are consumed by the block of memory
associated with the chip selects. If both chip selects of a logical DIMM are used, they must be the same size; in
this case, a single mask register covers the address space consumed by both chip selects.
Lower-order address bits are provided in the base address and mask registers, as well. These allow memory to
be interleaved between chip selects, such that contiguous physical addresses map to the same DRAM page of
multiple chip selects. See 2.8.10.1 [Chip Select Interleaving] for more information. The hardware supports the
use of lower-order address bits to interleave chip selects if (1) each chip select of the memory system spans the
same amount of memory and (2) the number of chip selects of the memory system is a power of two.
System BIOS is required to assign the largest DIMM chip-select range to the lowest normalized address of the
DRAM controller. As addresses increase, the chip-select size is required to remain constant or decrease. This is
necessary to keep DIMM chip-select banks on aligned address boundaries, regardless as to the amount of
address space covered by each chip select.
For each normalized address for requests that enters a DRAM controller, a ChipSelect[i] is asserted if:
CSEnable[i] &
( {(InputAddr[36:27]
& ~AddrMask[i][36:27]),
(InputAddr[21:13]
& ~AddrMask[i][21:13])} ==
{(BaseAddr[i][36:27] & ~AddrMask[i][36:27]),
(BaseAddr[i][21:13] & ~AddrMask[i][21:13])} );
Bits
Description
31:29 Reserved.
28:19 BaseAddr[36:27]: normalized physical base address bits [36:27]. Read-write.
18:14 Reserved.
13:5 BaseAddr[21:13]: normalized physical base address bits [21:13]. Read-write.
4
Reserved.
3
OnDimmMirror: on-DIMM mirroring (ODM) enabled. Read-write. 1=Address and bank bits are
swapped for this chip select during DRAM initialization (MRS commands) in order to account for
swapped routing on the DIMM. This is expected to be set appropriately for the odd numbered rank of
each unbuffered DIMM when F2x[1, 0]90[UnbuffDimm]=1 and F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode]=1; it is not
expected to be set when connected to SO-DIMM or micro-DIMMs. The bits that are swapped when
this is enabled are:
• M[B, A]_BANK[0] and M[B, A]_BANK[1].
• M[B, A]_ADD[3] and M[B, A]_ADD[4].
• M[B, A]_ADD[5] and M[B, A]_ADD[6].
• M[B, A]_ADD[7] and M[B, A]_ADD[8].
2
TestFail: memory test failed. Read-write. Set by BIOS to indicate that a rank is present but has
failed training or a consistency test. BIOS should treat CSEnable=1 and TestFail=1 as mutually
exclusive.
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1
Spare: spare rank. Read-write. This bit identifies the chip select associated with the spare rank. See
2.8.12 [On-Line Spare].
0
CSEnable: chip select enable. Read-write.
F2x[1, 0][6C:60] DRAM CS Mask Registers
Reset: 0000 0000h. See 2.8.1 [DCT Configuration Registers] for general programming information about
DCT configuration registers. See F2x[1, 0][5C:40] for information about this register.
Bits
Description
31:29 Reserved.
28:19 AddrMask[36:27]: normalized physical address mask bits [36:27]. Read-write.
18:14 Reserved.
13:5 AddrMask[21:13]: normalized physical address mask bits [21:13]. Read-write.
4:0
Reserved.
F2x[1, 0]78 DRAM Control Register
Reset: 0000 0006h. See 2.8.1 [DCT Configuration Registers] for general programming information about DCT
configuration registers.
Bits
Description
31:22 MaxRdLatency: maximum read latency. Read-write. This field should be programmed by the system BIOS to specify the maximum round-trip latency in the system from the processor to the DRAM
devices and back. The time is specified in NB clocks at NB P-state 0 and includes the asynchronous
and synchronous latencies. See 2.8.9.9.5 [Calculating MaxRdLatency].
21:20 Reserved.
19
EarlyArbEn: early arbitration enable. Revision B: Read-write. 1=The DCT optimizes the arbitration phases to improve performance on back-to-back DRAM reads under certain conditions. BIOS
should set this bit whenever the NCLK to MEMCLK ratio is between 4.5:1 and 3:1 inclusive. 0=The
DCT arbitrates normally. Revision C and later: Read-write. 1=The DCT optimizes the arbitration
phases to improve performance on all DRAM commands and BIOS should always set this bit.
18
DqsRcvEnTrain: DQS receiver enable training mode. Read-write. 1=Enable DQS receiver enable
training mode. 0 = Normal DQS receiver enable operation.
17:16 Reserved.
15
ChSetupSync: channel setup synchronize. Read-write. 1=To accommodate different channel
address and command settings, the DRAM controller internally phase aligns the memory clocks
between the two channels regardless of the configured coarse settings in F2x[1, 0]9C_x04. 0=The
DRAM controller derives its setup information from F2x[1, 0]9C_x04. Note: BIOS must set this bit
to synchronize setup information between the two channels when both of the following conditions are
true:
• The DCTs are in ganged mode.
• F2x[1, 0]9C_x04[AddrCmdSetup, CsOdtSetup, CkeSetup] setups for one DCT are all 0s and at
least one of the setups, F2x[1, 0]9C_x04[AddrCmdSetup, CsOdtSetup, CkeSetup], of the other controller is 1.
15:14 Reserved.
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13:12 Trdrd[3:2]: read to read timing. Read-write. This field along with F2x[1, 0]8C[Trdrd[1:0]] combine
to specify a 4-bit value, Trdrd[3:0], when F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode]=1. See F2x[1, 0]8C[Trdrd[1:0]].
11:10 Twrwr[3:2]: write to write timing. Read-write. This field along with F2x[1, 0]8C[Twrwr[1:0]] combine to specify a 4-bit value, Twrwr[3:0], when F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode]=1. See F2x[1,
0]8C[Twrwr[1:0]].
9:8
Twrrd[3:2]: write to read DIMM termination turnaround. Read-write. This field along with
F2x[1, 0]8C[Twrrd[1:0]] combine to specify a 4-bit value, Twrrd[3:0], when F2x[1,
0]94[Ddr3Mode]=1. See F2x[1, 0]8C[Twrrd[1:0]].
7:4
Reserved.
3:0
RdPtrInit: read pointer initial value. Read-write. There is a synchronization FIFO between the NB
clock domain and memory clock domain. Each increment of this field positions the read pointer one
half clock cycle closer to the write pointer thereby reducing the latency through the FIFO. This field
should be written prior to DRAM initialization. See F2x[1, 0]A8[DataTxFifoWrDly].
Bits
Read to Write Pointer Separation
0000b - 0010b
Reserved
0011b
2.5 MEMCLKs (For DDR3, this encoding is reserved.)
0100b
2 MEMCLKs
0101b
1.5 MEMCLKs
0110b
Revision B: Reserved, Revision C and later: 1 MEMCLK
0111b - 1111b
Reserved
For revision B, BIOS should program this to 0101b. For revision C and later, BIOS should program
this as follows:
If (Revision C3 && (CPUID Fn8000_0001_EBX[PkgType]==(0010b || 0100b)) && F3x1F0[NbPstate] !=000b) then 0100b; else 0110b.
F2x[1, 0]7C DRAM Initialization Register
Reset: 0000 0000h. See 2.8.1 [DCT Configuration Registers] for general programming information about
DCT configuration registers.
BIOS can directly control the DRAM initialization sequence using this register. To do so, BIOS sets EnDramInit to start DRAM initialization. BIOS should then complete the initialization sequence specified in the
appropriate JEDEC specification. For registered DIMMs, BIOS should follow the recommendations for reset
usage in the JEDEC RDIMM specification during the initialization sequence. After completing the sequence,
BIOS clears EnDramInit to complete DRAM initialization. BIOS should not assert LDTSTOP_L while EnDramInit is set. Note: setting more than one of the command bits in this register (SendControlWord, SendMrsCmd, SendAutoRefresh, and SendPchgAll) at a time results in undefined behavior.
Bits
Description
31
EnDramInit: enable DRAM initialization. Read-write. 1=Place the DRAM controller in the BIOScontrolled DRAM initialization mode. The DCT asserts memory reset and deasserts CKE when this
bit is set. BIOS must wait until F2x[1, 0]98[DctAccessDone] = 1 before programming AssertCke=1
and DeassertMemRstX=1. BIOS must clear this bit after DRAM initialization is complete. BIOS
must not set this bit on a DCT with no attached DIMMs. See 2.8.9.6.1 [Software DDR2 Device Initialization] and 2.8.9.6.2 [Software DDR3 Device Initialization].
30
SendControlWord: send control word. Read; write-1-only. 1= The DCT sends a control word to a
chip select pair defined in F2x[1, 0]A8[CtrlWordCS]. This bit is cleared by hardware after the command completes. This bit is valid only when F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode] = 1 and F2x[1, 0]90[UnbuffDimm] = 0.
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29
SendZQCmd: send ZQ command. Read; write-1-only. 1=The DCT sends the ZQ calibration command. Revision C and later: 1=The DCT sends the ZQ calibration command with either all even or all
odd chip-selects active. The first command targets even chip-selects. Subsequent commands alternate
between even and odd chip-selects.This bit is cleared by the hardware after the command completes.
This bit is valid only when F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode]=1 and EnDramInit=1.
28
AssertCke: assert CKE. Read-write. Setting this bit causes the DCT to assert the CKE pins. This bit
cannot be used to deassert the CKE pins.
27
DeassertMemRstX: deassert memory reset. Read-write. Setting this bit causes the DCT to deassert
the memory reset. This bit cannot be used to assert the memory reset pin.
26
SendMrsCmd: send MRS/EMRS command. Read; write-1-only. 1=The DCT sends the MRS or
EMRS commands defined by the MrsAddress and MrsBank fields of this register. This bit is cleared
by hardware after the command completes. This cannot be used for OCD-adjust commands.
25
SendAutoRefresh: send auto refresh command. Read; write-1-only. 1=The DCT sends an auto
refresh command. This bit is cleared by hardware after the command completes.
24
SendPchgAll: send precharge all command. Read; write-1-only. 1=The DCT sends a precharge-all
command. This bit is cleared by hardware after the command completes.
23
Reserved.
22:20 MrsChipSel: MRS/EMRS command chip select. Read-write. This field specifies which DRAM
chip select is used for MRS/EMRS commands. For DDR2 and DDR3 unbuffered DIMMs, this field is
valid only when EnDramInit = 0; otherwise, MRS/EMRS commands are sent to all chip selects. For
DDR3 registered DIMMs, this field specifies the chip select used for MR commands for software
initialization only; i.e., when EnDramInit = 1.
Bits
Definition
000b MRS/EMRS command is sent to CS0
001b MRS/EMRS command is sent to CS1
...
...
111b MRS/EMRS command is sent to CS7
19
Reserved.
18:16 MrsBank: bank address for MRS/EMRS commands. Read-write. This field specifies the data
driven on the DRAM bank pins for MRS and EMRS commands.
15:0 MrsAddress: address for MRS/EMRS commands. Read-write. This field specifies the data driven
on the DRAM address pins 15-0 for MRS and EMRS commands.
F2x[1, 0]80 DRAM Bank Address Mapping Register
Reset: 0000 0000h. See 2.8.1 [DCT Configuration Registers] for general programming information about DCT
configuration registers.
These fields specify DIMM configuration information. Dimm0AddrMap applies to each physical DIMM of
logical DIMM 0 (where logical DIMM numbers are specified by [The DRAM CS Base Address Registers]
F2x[1, 0][5C:40]), and so forth. These fields are required to be programmed per the following table, based on
the DRAM device size and width information of the DIMM. Table 85, for DDR2, Table 86, for DDR3, shows
the bit numbers for each position when the DCTs are operating in 64-bit mode (unganged); for 128-bit mode
(ganged), address bit 3 delineates between the two channels and the address bit numbers in the table must be
incremented by one.
238
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
Bits
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Description
31:16 Reserved.
15:12 Dimm3AddrMap: DIMM 3 address map. Read-write.
11:8 Dimm2AddrMap: DIMM 2 address map. Read-write.
7:4
Dimm1AddrMap: DIMM 1 address map. Read-write.
3:0
Dimm0AddrMap: DIMM 0 address map. Read-write.
Table 85: DDR2 DRAM address mapping
Device size,
Bits
CS Size
width
0000b 128 MB 256Mb, x16
0001b 256MB
256Mb, x8
Bank
Address
2
1
0
x
13
12
x
14
13
512Mb, x16
0010b 512MB
0011b 512MB
0100b 512MB
0101b
1GB
512Mb, x8
256Mb, x4
1Gb, x16
1G, x8
x
x
15
15
14
15
14
14
13
14
13
13
2G, x16
0110b
0111b
1GB
2GB
512Mb, x4
2Gb, x8
x
15
15
14
14
13
4Gb, x16
1000b
1001b
1010b
1011b
2GB
4GB
4GB
8GB
1Gb, x4
2Gb, x4
4Gb, x8
4Gb, x4
16
16
15
16
15
15
14
15
14
14
13
14
15
14
13
12
Row
x
x
x
Col
x
x
x
Row
x
x
Col
x
x
Row
x
Col
x
Row
Col
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
17 16
15
14
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
x
x
AP
x
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
x
17
16
15
27
26
25
24
23
22
21 20
19
18
x
x
x
AP 12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
x
17
16 15
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
x
x
x
x
AP 12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
x
x
x
17
16
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21 20
19
18
x
x
x
x
13 AP 12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
Row
x
x
x
17 16
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
Col
x
x
x
x
x
AP 12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
Row
x
x
17
16
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21 20
19
18
Col
x
x
x
x
x
AP 12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
Row
x
x
17
16 29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
Col
x
x
x
x
13 AP 12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
Row
x
17
16
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21 20
19
18
Col
x
x
x
x
x
AP 12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
Row
x
x
17
30 29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
Col
x
x
x
x
13 AP 12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
Row
x
17
31
30
29
27
26
25
24
23
22
21 20
19
18
Col
x
x
x
x
13 AP 12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
Row
17
16
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
Col
x
x
x
x
x
AP 12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
Row
17
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21 20
19
18
Col
x
x
x
x
13 AP 12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
28
Table 86: DDR3 DRAM address mapping
Device size,
Bits
CS Size
0000b
width
Bank
2
1
Address
0
Reserved
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
x
17
16
27
26
25
24
23
22
21 20
19
18
x
Row
Col
0001b 256MB
512Mb, x16
15
14
13
Row
x
x
x
Col
x
x
x
x
AP 12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
0010b 512MB
512Mb, x8
15
14
13
Row
x
x
x
17 16
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
Col
x
x
x
x
AP 12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
1Gb, x16
x
239
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table 86: DDR3 DRAM address mapping
Device size,
Bits
CS Size
0011b
width
Bank
2
1
Address
0
Reserved
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Row
x
x
17
16
Col
x
x
x
x
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21 20
19
18
x
AP 12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
Row
x
x
x
17 29
Col
x
x
x
x
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
13 AP 12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
Row
x
17
16
30
29
28
Col
x
x
x
x
x
27
26
25
24
23
22
21 20
19
18
AP 12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
Row
x
x
17
30 29
28
Col
x
x
x
x
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
13 AP 12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
Row
x
17
31
30
29
Col
x
x
x
x
27
26
25
24
23
22
21 20
19
18
13 AP 12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
Row
17
16
31
30
29
28
Col
x
x
x
x
x
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
AP 12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
Row
17
32
31
30
29
28
Col
x
x
x
x
27
26
25
24
23
22
21 20
19
18
13 AP 12
11
10
9
8
7
6
4
3
Row
Col
0100b
Reserved
Row
Col
0101b
1GB
1Gb, x8
15
14
13
2Gb, x16
0110b
0111b
1000b
1001b
1010b
1GB
2GB
2GB
4GB
4GB
512Mb, x4
2Gb, x8
1Gb, x4
2Gb, x4
4Gb, x8
16
15
16
16
15
15
14
15
15
14
14
13
14
14
13
8Gb, x16
1011b
8GB
4Gb, x4
16
15
14
8Gb, x8
28
5
F2x[1, 0]84 DRAM MRS Register
Reset: 0000 0004h. All fields of this register are programmed into the DRAM device mode registers, MR[3, 2,
1, 0], for each DDR3 DRAM device during the DRAM initialization process. For DDR2-1066, only the Twr
field is applicable.
See 2.8.1 [DCT Configuration Registers] for general programming information about DCT configuration registers.
Bits
Description
31:27 Reserved.
26
MprEn: multi purpose register enable. Read-write. 0=The multi purpose register is disabled.
1=The DDR3-defined multi purpose register enabled; data from subsequent read transactions come
from the multi purpose register.
25:24 MprLoc: multi purpose register address location. Read-write. If MprEn=0, this field is ignored.
00b=Load the DDR3-defined pattern into multi purpose register. All other encoding are reserved.
240
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
23
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
PchgPDModeSel: precharge power down mode select. Read-write. This specifies how a chip select
enters and exits power down mode when enabled by F2x[1, 0]94[PowerDownEn] and F2x[1,
0]94[PowerDownMode].
Bit Description
0b DDR3-defined deep power down mode; The DCT issues MRS command(s) to the DRAM
during initialization to shut off DLLs when in power down. The DCT issues the first valid
read, read with auto-precharge, or synchronous ODT command a minimum of 24ns (DDR3defined tXPDLL) after precharge power down exit.
1b Dynamic deep/shallow power down mode; The DCT dynamically issues MRS command(s) to
the DRAM to specify either deep or shallow powerdown. The DCT specifies shallow power
down when one of two chip selects has recently been active. It specifies deep power down
when all chip selects have been idle.
This bit is valid only when F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode] = 1.
22:20 Tcwl: CAS write latency. Read-write. This specifies the number of clock cycles from internal write
command to first write data in at the DRAM.
000b
5 clocks (
MEMCLK >= 2.5ns)
001b
6 clocks (2.5ns > MEMCLK >= 1.875ns)
010b
7 clocks (1.875ns > MEMCLK >=1.5ns)
011b
8 clocks (1.5ns > MEMCLK >=1.25ns)
100b - 111b
Reserved.
For DDR2, write CAS latency is always read CAS latency minus 1.
19
SRT: self refresh temperature range. Read-write. Specifies the SRT range for the DRAM devices.
0=Normal operating temperature range. 1=Extended operating temperature range. If ASR=1 then
SRT must be 0.
18
ASR: auto self refresh. Read-write. Specifies the ASR mode for the DRAM devices. 1=DDR3
SDRAM automatically provides self refresh entry and power management functions for all supported
operating temperature values. 0=ASR is disabled and SRT is used.
17:14 Reserved.
13
Qoff: output disable. Read-write. Specifies the QOFF value for the DRAM devices. 0=Output
buffers enabled. 1=Output buffers disabled.
12
Reserved.
11:10 DramTermDyn: DRAM dynamic termination. Read-write. This specifies the programming of the
DRAM dynamic termination value for writes when the MRS command is issued to configure MR2
during DDR3 DRAM initialization (F2x[1, 0]90[InitDram]). BIOS must enable dynamic termination
when there are 2 DIMMs on a channel. This field is valid only when F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode] = 1.
Bits
DDR3 definition
00b
Dynamic termination for writes disabled
01b
RZQ/4
10b
RZQ/2 (Recommended for 2 DIMMs)
11b
Reserved
241
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
9:7
DramTerm: DRAM nominal termination. Read-write. This specifies the programming of the
DRAM nominal termination value when the MRS command is issued to configure MR1 during
DDR3 DRAM initialization (F2x[1, 0]90[InitDram]). This field is valid only when F2x[1,
0]94[Ddr3Mode] = 1. For DDR2 termination values, see F2x[1, 0]90[DramTerm].
Bits
DDR3 definition
Bits
DDR3 definition
000b On die termination disabled
100b RZQ/12
001b RZQ/4
101b RZQ/8
010b RZQ/2
110b Reserved
011b RZQ/6
111b Reserved
6:4
Twr: write recovery. Read-write. This specifies the minimum time from the last data write until the
chip-select bank precharge; this is the WR field in the DDR3 specification. See F2x[1, 0]88[Twr] for
DDR2 values.This field specifies the encodings for DDR2-1066 when F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode] = 0
and when F2x[1, 0]94[MemClkFreq]=100b.
Bits
DDR2-1066 definition
Bits
DDR3 definition
000b Reserved
000b Reserved
001b 5 MEMCLK cycles
001b 5 MEMCLK cycles
010b 6 MEMCLK cycles
010b 6 MEMCLK cycles
011b Reserved
011b 7 MEMCLK cycles
100b 8 MEMCLK cycles
100b 8 MEMCLK cycles
101b Reserved
101b 10 MEMCLK cycles
110b Reserved
110b 12 MEMCLK cycles
111b Reserved
111b Reserved
3:2
DrvImpCtrl: drive impedance control. Read-write. This field specifies impedance of the DRAM
output driver. This field is valid only when F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode] = 1.
Bits
DDR3 definition
00b
40 ohm driver; Ron40 = Rzq/6 (40 ohm with nominal Rzq=240 ohms)
01b
34 ohm driver; Ron34 = Rzq/7 (34 ohm with nominal Rzq=240 ohms)
10b
Reserved for 30 ohm driver; Ron30 = Rzq/8 (30 ohm with nominal Rzq=240 ohms)
11b
Reserved
1:0
BurstCtrl: burst length control. Read-write. Specifies the number of sequential beats of DQ related
to one read or write command. This field interacts with F2x[1, 0]90[Width128] as follows:
• If Width128 = 0, then BIOS should program this field to 00b (8-beat burst length; 64-byte access).
• If Width128 = 1, then BIOS should program this field to 10b (4-beat burst length; 64-byte access).
All other encodings are reserved.
F2x[1, 0]88 DRAM Timing Low Register
Reset: FF00 0000h. See 2.8.1 [DCT Configuration Registers] for general programming information about DCT
configuration registers.
242
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
Bits
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Description
31:24 MemClkDis: MEMCLK disable. Read-write. 1=Tristate the specified MEMCLK driver pads for
power savings. The bits of this field map to pads as follows:
Bit Pad
Bit Pad
0
MEMCLK[1,0]_H[0]
4
MEMCLK[1,0]_H[4]
1
MEMCLK[1,0]_H[1]
5
MEMCLK[1,0]_H[5]
2
MEMCLK[1,0]_H[2]
6
MEMCLK[1,0]_H[6]
3
MEMCLK[1,0]_H[3]
7
MEMCLK[1,0]_H[7]
See section 2.8.2 [DDR Pad to Processor Pin Mapping].
23:22 Trrd: row to row delay (or RAS to RAS delay). Read-write. This specifies the minimum time
between activate commands to different chip-select banks. The definition of this field varies with the
DDR type (F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode]) and when F2x[1, 0]94[MemClkFreq]=100b to support DDR21066.
DDR2 definition
Bits
DDR2-1066/DDR3 definition
Bits
00b
2 clocks
00b
4 clocks
01b
3 clocks
01b
5 clocks
10b
4 clocks
10b
6 clocks
11b
5 clocks
11b
7 clocks
21:20 Twr: write recovery time. Read-write. This specifies the minimum time from the last data write until
the chip-select bank precharge. This is only valid if F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode]=0 and when F2x[1,
0]94[MemClkFreq]!=100b; otherwise, bit 21 is reserved and bit 20 becomes part of the Trc field
below. For DDR2-1066 and DDR3 see F2x[1, 0]84[Twr].
Bits
DDR2 definition
00b
3 clocks
01b
4 clocks
10b
5 clocks
11b
6 clocks
19:16 Trc: row cycle time. Read-write. This specifies the minimum time from and activate command to
DDR2 another activate command or an auto-refresh command, all to the same chip-select bank. This size and
definition of this field varies with the DDR type (F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode]) and when F2x[1,
20:16 0]94[MemClkFreq]=100b to support DDR2-1066.
DDR2 Bits
DDR2 definition
Bits
DDR2-1066/DDR3 definition
1066/ 0h
11 clocks
00h
11 clocks
12 clocks
01h
12 clocks
DDR3 1h
...
...
...
...
Fh
26 clocks
1Fh
42 clocks
15:12 Tras: row active strobe. Read-write. This specifies the minimum time from an activate command to
a precharge command, both to the same chip-select bank. The definition of this field varies with the
DDR type (F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode]) and when F2x[1, 0]94[MemClkFreq]=100b to support DDR21066.
Bits
DDR2 definition
Bits
DDR2-1066/DDR3 definition
0h
Reserved
0h
15 clocks
1h
Reserved
1h
16 clocks
2h
5 clocks
2h
17 clocks
3h
6 clocks
3h
18 clocks
...
...
...
...
Fh
18 clocks
Fh
30 clocks
243
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
11:10 Trtp: read to precharge time. Read-write. Read CAS to Precharge. This specifies the earliest time a
page can be closed after having been read. Satisfying this parameter ensures read data is not lost due
to a premature precharge. The size and definition of this field varies with the DDR type, F2x[1,
0]94[Ddr3Mode]. The recommended value for this field varies with DDR type and speed. This field
should not be confused with tRTP, which is the internal DRAM timing as is specified by the DRAM
data sheet and also SPD byte 38.
Bits
DDR2 definition
Recommended value.
0xb
2 clocks for burst length of 32 bytes
(DDR400, DDR533)
4 clocks for burst length of 64 bytes
(DDR400, DDR533)
1xb
3 clocks for burst length of 32 bytes
(DDR667, DDR800, Revision B: DDR1066)
5 clocks for burst length of 64 bytes
(DDR667, DDR800, Revision B: DDR1066)
DDR2-1066 for revision C and later and
Bits
DDR3 definition
Recommended value.
00b
4 clocks
(DDR800, DDR1066) See note.
01b
5 clocks
(DDR1333)
10b
6 clocks
11b
7 clocks
Note: For revision C and later revisions, the recommended DDR2-1066 values for Trtp are provided
for a burst length of 32 bytes. For a burst length of 64 bytes, increase the listed value by 2 clocks.
9:7
Trp: row precharge time. Read-write. This specifies the minimum time from a precharge command
to an activate command or auto-refresh command, both to the same bank. This size and definition of
this field varies with the DDR type (F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode]) and when F2x[1, 0]94[MemClkFreq]=100b to support DDR2-1066.
Bits
DDR2 definition
Bits
DDR2-1066/DDR3 definition
00xb 3 clocks
000b 5 clocks
01xb 4 clocks
001b 6 clocks
10xb 5 clocks
...
...
11xb 6 clocks
110b 11 clocks
111b 12 clocks
244
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
6:4
Trcd: RAS to CAS delay. Read-write. This specifies the time from an activate command to a
read/write command, both to the same bank. This size and definition of this field varies with the DDR
type (F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode]) and when F2x[1, 0]94[MemClkFreq]=100b to support DDR2-1066.
DDR2 definition
Bits
DDR2-1066/DDR3 definition
Bits
x00b 3 clocks
000b 5 clocks
x01b 4 clocks
001b 6 clocks
x10b 5 clocks
...
...
x11b 6 clocks
110b 11 clocks
111b 12 clocks
3:0
Tcl: CAS latency. Read-write. This specifies the time from the CAS assertion for a read cycle until
data return (from the perspective of the DRAM devices). The DCT adjusts these latencies appropriately for registered DIMMs. The definition of this field varies with the DDR type specified by F2x[1,
0]94[Ddr3Mode].
DDR2 definition
Bits
DDR3 definition
Bits
0000b
Reserved
0000b
4 clocks
0001b
Reserved
0001b
5 clocks
0010b
3 clocks
0010b
6 clocks
0011b
4 clocks
...
...
0100b
5 clocks
0111b
11 clocks
0101b
6 clocks
1000b
12 clocks
0110b
7 clocks
1001b - 1111b Reserved
0111b - 1111b Reserved
F2x[1, 0]8C DRAM Timing High Register
Reset: 0000 0000h. See 2.8.1 [DCT Configuration Registers] for general programming information about DCT
configuration registers.
Bits
Description
31:29 Trfc3: auto-refresh row cycle time for logical DIMM 3. Read-write. See Trfc0.
28:26 Trfc2: auto-refresh row cycle time for logical DIMM 2. Read-write. See Trfc0.
25:23 Trfc1: auto-refresh row cycle time for logical DIMM 1. Read-write. See Trfc0.
22:20 Trfc0: auto-refresh row cycle time for logical DIMM 0. Read-write. This specifies the minimum
time from a refresh command to the next valid command, except NOP or DES. DIMM numbers are
specified by [The DRAM CS Base Address Registers] F2x[1, 0][5C:40] and map to chip select pairs.
The recommended programming of this register varies based on DRAM density and speed. The
definition of this field varies with the DDR type, F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode].
Bits
DDR2 definition
DDR3 definition
000b
75 ns (all speeds, 256 Mbit)
Reserved
001b
105 ns (all speeds, 512 Mbit) 90 ns (all speeds, 512 Mbit)
010b
127.5 ns (all speeds, 1 Gbit)
110 ns (all speeds, 1 Gbit)
011b
195 ns (all speeds, 2 Gbit)
160 ns (all speeds, 2 Gbit)
100b
327.5 ns (all speeds, 4 Gbit)
300 ns (all speeds, 4 Gbit)
101b
Reserved
350 ns (all speeds, 8 Gbit)
110b-111b Reserved
Reserved
19
Reserved.
18
DisAutoRefresh: disable automatic refresh. Read-write. 1=Automatic refresh is disabled. See
2.8.9.9.1 [Write Levelization Training] and 2.8.9.9.6 [Continuous Pattern Generation].
245
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
17:16 Tref: refresh rate. Read-write. This specifies the average time between refresh requests to all DRAM
devices.
Bits
Definition
00b Undefined behavior.
01b Reserved
10b
Every 7.8 microseconds
11b
Every 3.9 microseconds
15:14 Trdrd[1:0]: read to read timing. Read-write. Trdrd specifies the minimum number of cycles from
the last clock of virtual CAS of a first read-burst operation to the clock in which CAS is asserted for a
following read-burst operation that is to a different chip select than the first read-burst operation. This
field applies to all reads to different chip selects. If consecutive reads involve an ODT change, time
must be inserted between the reads to account for (1) turn-around timing and (2) termination timing.
This field along with F2x[1, 0]78[Trdrd[3:2]] combine to specify a 4-bit value, Trdrd[3:0], when
F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode]=1. See [The Trdrd (Read to Read Timing)] 2.8.9.5.1 for information on how
to program this field.
Bits
DDR2 definition
Bits
DDR3 definition
0xb
3 clocks
000xb 3 clocks
10b
4 clocks
...
...
11b
5 clocks
1000b 10 clocks
1001b - 1111b Reserved
13:12 Twrwr[1:0]: write to write timing. Read-write. Twrwr specifies the minimum number of cycles
from the last clock of virtual CAS of the first write-burst operation to the clock in which CAS is
asserted for a following write-burst operation that changes the enabled terminator. This field applies
to all writes to different chip selects. If consecutive writes involve an ODT change, then time must be
inserted between them to account for termination timing on DDR devices. This field along with
F2x[1, 0]78[Twrwr[3:2]] combine to specify a 4-bit value, Twrwr[3:0], when F2x[1,
0]94[Ddr3Mode]=1.
Bits
DDR2 definition
Bits
DDR3 definition
00b
1 clock
0000b - 0001b Reserved
01b
2 clocks
0010b
2 clocks
10b
3 clocks
...
...
11b
4 clocks
1010b
10 clocks
1011b - 1111b Reserved
See [The Twrwr (Write to Write Timing)] 2.8.9.5.2 for information on how to program this field.
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11:10 Twrrd[1:0]: write to read DIMM termination turnaround. Read-write. This specifies the
minimum number of cycles from the last clock of virtual CAS of the first write operation to the clock
in which CAS is asserted for a following read operation involving a memory ODT change on a
channel with multiple DIMMs.1 Time may need to be inserted between these operations to avoid the
possibility that there is an overlap of the on die termination timing of the DIMMs.2 This field along
with F2x[1, 0]78[Twrrd[3:2]] combine to specify a 4-bit value, Twrrd[3:0], when F2x[1,
0]94[Ddr3Mode]=1.
Bits
00b
01b
10b
11b
DDR2 definition
1 clock
2 clocks
3 clocks
4 clocks
Bits
0000b
0001b
0010b
...
1010b
1011b - 1111b
DDR3 definition
Reserved
Reserved
2 clocks
...
10 clocks
Reserved
Notes:
1. For multiple DDR3 DIMMs on a channel, all write operations that are followed by a read require
an ODT change and thus the DCT always applies Twrrd.
See [The Twrrd (Write to Read DIMM Termination Turn-around)] 2.8.9.5.3 for information on how
to program this field.
9:8
Twtr: internal DRAM write to read command delay. Read-write. This specifies the minimum
number of cycles from a write operation to a read operation, both to the same chip-select. This is
measured from the rising clock edge following last non-masked data strobe of the write to the rising
clock edge of the next read command. The definition of this field varies with the DDR type, F2x[1,
0]94[Ddr3Mode] and when F2x[1, 0]94[MemClkFreq]=100b to support DDR2-1066.
Bits
DDR2 definition
Bits
DDR2-1066 definition/DDR3 definition
00b
Reserved
00b
4 clocks
01b
1 clocks
01b
5 clocks
10b
2 clocks
10b
6 clocks
11b
3 clocks
11b
7 clocks
7:4
TrwtTO: read to write turnaround for data, DQS contention. Read-write. This specifies the
minimum number of cycles from the last clock of virtual CAS of a first read operation to the clock in
which CAS is asserted for a following write operation. Time may need to be inserted to ensure there is
no bus contention on bidirectional pins.
Bits
Definition
0000b Reserved
0001b 3 clocks
0010b 4 clocks
...
...
1111b 17 clocks
See [The TrwtTO (Read-to-Write Turnaround for Data, DQS Contention)] 2.8.9.5.4 for information
on how to program this field.
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TrwtWB: read to write turnaround for opportunistic write bursting. Read-write. This specifies
the minimum number of cycles from the last virtual CAS of a first read operation to the CAS of a
following write operation. The purpose of this field is to hold off write operations until several cycles
have elapsed without a read cycle; this may result in performance benefits.
Bits
DDR2 definition
Bits
DDR3 definition
0000b 3 clocks
0000b 3 clocks
0001b 4 clocks
0001b 4 clocks
...
...
...
...
0111b 10 clocks
1111b 18 clocks
1000b - 1111b Reserved
See [The TrwtWB (Read-to-Write Turnaround for Opportunistic Write Bursting)] 2.8.9.5.5 for information on how to program this field.
F2x[1, 0]90 DRAM Configuration Low Register
Reset: 0000 0000h, except bit 16 and 27 (see below). See 2.8.1 [DCT Configuration Registers] for general programming information about DCT configuration registers.
Bits
Description
31:28 Reserved.
27
DisDllShutdownSR: disable DLL shutdown in self-refresh mode. Revision B, RB-C, BL-C:
Reserved. Revision DA-C and C3 and later: Read-write. Reset: 1. 1=Disable the power saving feature
of shutting down DDR phy DLLs and tristating CLK pads during DRAM self refresh. 0=Shutdown
DLLs during DRAM self refresh. For revision (DA-C || C3 || D1 and later G34 || D1 and later C32 ||
E), BIOS should program this to 0 after DRAM initialization is complete and after the frequency has
been changed when resuming from S3; otherwise BIOS should leave this bit at the default value. See
2.8.9.8 [DRAM Channel Frequency Change].
26:24 Reserved.
23
ForceAutoPchg: force auto precharging. Read-write. 1=Force auto-precharge cycles with every
read or write command. BIOS should program this to 0.
22:21 IdleCycLowLimit: idle cycle low limit. Read-write. This specifies the number of MEMCLK cycles
a page is allowed to be open before it may be closed by the dynamic page close logic. This field is
ignored if F2x[1, 0]90[DynPageCloseEn] = 0.
Bits
Definition
00b
16 clocks
01b
32 clocks
10b
64 clocks
11b
96 clocks
20
DynPageCloseEn: dynamic page close enable. Read-write. 1=The DRAM controller dynamically
determines when to close open pages based on the history of that particular page and F2x[1,
0]90[IdleCycLowLimit]. 0=Any open pages not auto-precharged by the DRAM controller are
automatically closed after 128 clocks of inactivity.
19
DimmEccEn: DIMM ECC enable. Read-write. 1=ECC checking is capable of being enabled for all
DIMMs on the DRAM controller (through F3x44[DramEccEn]). This bit should not be set unless all
populated DIMMs support ECC check bits. 0=ECC checking is disabled on the DRAM controller.
18
PendRefPayback: pending refresh payback. Read-write. 1=The DRAM controller executes all
pending refresh commands before entering the self refresh state. 0=The controller enters the self
refresh state regardless of the number of pending refreshes. BIOS should not set this bit.
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17
EnterSelfRef: enter self refresh command. Read, write-1-only. 1=The DRAM controller places the
DRAMs into self refresh mode. The DRAM interface is tristated 1 MEMCLK after the self refresh
command is issued to the DRAMs. Once entered, the DRAM interface must remain in self refresh
mode for a minimum of 5 MEMCLKs. This bit is read as a 1 while the enter-self-refresh command is
executing; it is read as 0 at all other times. See 2.8.9.9 [DRAM Training] for information on how to
use this bit. See MSRC001_001F[GfxNbPstateDis] for additional requirements when using this bit.
16
UnbuffDimm: unbuffered DIMM. Read-write or read-only, depending on the product. Reset: value
varies based on product. 1=The DRAM controller is connected to unbuffered DIMMs. 0=The DRAM
controller is connected to registered DIMMs.
15:12 X4Dimm: x4 (by 4) DIMMs. Read-write. Each of these bits specifies whether the corresponding
logical DIMM (as defined by [The DRAM CS Base Address Registers] F2x[1, 0][5C:40]) is a x4
DIMM or not. The DRAM controller requires this information to make decisions about DIMM
signaling. Bit[12] corresponds to logical DIMM 0, bit[13] corresponds to logical DIMM 1, etc. 1=x4
DIMM present. 0=x4 DIMM not present.
11
Width128: width of DRAM interface in 128-bit mode. Read-write. 1=The DRAM controller
interface is 2 DIMMs wide. 0=The DRAM controller interface is 1 DIMM wide.
10
BurstLength32: DRAM burst length set for 32 bytes. Read-write. This specifies the burst length of
DRAM accesses and, as a result, the number of data bytes exchanged in each access. 1=32-byte
mode. 0=64-byte mode. 32-byte mode may be preferred in platforms that include graphics controllers
that generate a lot of 32-byte system memory accesses. 32-byte mode is not supported when the
DRAM interface is 128 bits wide; so this bit interacts with F2x[1, 0]90[Width128] as follows:
BurstLength32 Width128
Description
0
0
8-beat burst length; 64-byte accesses
0
1
4-beat burst length; 64-byte accesses
1
0
4-beat burst length; 32-byte accesses
1
1
Illegal
BurstLength32 is undefined when F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode]=1.
9
SelfRefRateEn: faster self refresh rate enable. Read-write. 1=Enables high temperature (two times
normal) self refresh rate. This bit is reflected in the EMRS(2) command to the DRAM devices. This
bit is undefined when F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode]=1.
8
ParEn: parity enable. Read-write. 1=Enables address parity computation output, PAR, and enables
the parity error input, ERR. This bit is valid only when UnbuffDimm=0. BIOS should program this to
1 for registered DIMM systems.
7
DramDrvWeak: DRAM drivers weak mode. Read-write. This specifies the programming of the
DRAM data drive strength mode when the EMRS command is issued during DRAM initialization
(F2x[1, 0]90[InitDram]). 1=Weak drive strength mode. 0=Normal drive strength mode. This bit is
undefined when F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode]=1.
6
DisDqsBar: disable low differential DQS pin. Read write. This specifies the programming of the
DRAM low-DQS (of the differential pairs) signal enable when the EMRS command is issued during
DDR2 DRAM initialization (F2x[1, 0]90[InitDram]). 1=Disable low DQS pins. 0=Enable low DQS
pins. This bit is undefined when F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode]=1.
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5:4
DramTerm: DRAM termination. Read-write. This specifies the programming of the DRAM
termination value (Rtt) when the EMRS command is issued during DDR2 DRAM initialization
(F2x[1, 0]90[InitDram]). This field is undefined when F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode]=1. For DDR3 termination values, see F2x[1, 0]84[DramTerm].
Bits
DDR2 definition
00b
On die termination disabled.
01b
75 ohms.
10b
150 ohms.
11b
50 ohms.
3:2
PllLockTime: registered DIMM PLL lock time. Read-write. This specifies registered DIMM PLL
lock time as follows when F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode]=0:
DDR Rate
Definition
Bits
00b
DDR2-800
15us
00b
DDR2-667
18us
00b
DDR2-533
22.5us
00b
DDR2-400
30us
01b
DDR2-800
6us
01b
DDR2-667
7.2us
01b
DDR2-533
9us
01b
DDR2-400
12us
1xb
Reserved
1
ExitSelfRef: exit self refresh (after suspend to RAM or for DRAM training) command. Read,
write-1-only. Writing a 1 to this bit causes the DRAM controller to bring the DRAMs out of self
refresh mode. This command should be executed by BIOS when returning from the suspend to RAM
state, after the DRAM controller configuration registers are properly initialized, or when self refresh
is used during DRAM training. This bit is read as a 1 while the exit-self-refresh command is
executing; it is read as 0 at all other times. Note: this bit should not be set if the DCT is disabled.
0
InitDram: initialize DRAM. Read, write-1-only. Writing a 1 to this bit causes the DRAM controller
to execute the DRAM initialization sequence described by the JEDEC specification. This command
should be executed by BIOS when booting from an unpowered state (ACPI S4, S5 or G3; not S3,
suspend to RAM), after the DRAM controller configuration registers are properly initialized. This bit
is read as a 1 while the DRAM initialization sequence is executing; it is read as 0 at all other times.
When this bit is written to a 1, the new value of the other fields in this register that are updated
concurrently are used in the initialization sequence. BIOS must wait until the bit is 0 before accessing
any other register in the DRAM controller or any memory attached to the controller. BIOS must not
set this bit on a DCT with no attached DIMMs. See 2.8.9.6 [DRAM Device and Controller Initialization] for more details.
F2x[1, 0]94 DRAM Configuration High Register
Reset: 0008 0200h. See 2.8.1 [DCT Configuration Registers] for general programming information about DCT
configuration registers.
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Bits
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Description
31:28 FourActWindow[3:0]: four bank activate window. Read-write. FourActWindow specifies the
rolling tFAW window during which no more than 4 banks in an 8-bank device are activated, per
JEDEC DDR2 and DDR3 specifications. The meaning of FourActWindow varies with F2x[1,
0]94[Ddr3Mode], and when F2x[1, 0]94[MemClkFreq]=100b to support DDR2-1066 as follows:
Bits
DDR2 window size
Bits
DDR2-1066/DDR3 window size
0000b
No tFAW window restriction.
0000b
No tFAW window restriction.
0001b
8 MEMCLK cycles.
0001b
16 MEMCLK cycles.
0010b
9 MEMCLK cycles.
0010b
18 MEMCLK cycles.
...
...
...
...
1101b
20 MEMCLK cycles.
1001b
32 MEMCLK cycles.
1110b - 1111b Reserved
1010b - 1111b Reserved
See 2.8.9.5.6 [FourActWindow (Four Bank Activate Window or tFAW)] for information on how to
program this field.
27:24 DcqBypassMax: DRAM controller queue bypass maximum. Read-write. The DRAM controller
arbiter normally allows transactions to pass other transactions in order to optimize DRAM bandwidth.
This field specifies the maximum number of times that the oldest memory-access request in the
DRAM controller queue may be bypassed before the arbiter decision is overridden and the oldest
memory-access request is serviced instead. For optimal performance, it is recommended that this field
be programmed to Fh.
Bits
0h
1h
...
Fh
Definition
No bypass; the oldest request is never bypassed.
The oldest request may be bypassed no more than 1 time.
...
The oldest request may be bypassed no more than 15 times.
23
ProcOdtDis: processor on-die termination disable. Read-write. 1=The processor-side on-die
termination is disabled. 0=Processor-side on-die termination enabled. See F2x[1, 0]9C_x00[ProcOdt]
for ODT definitions. Changes to this bit must be done prior to DRAM initialization.
22
BankSwizzleMode: bank swizzle mode. Read-write. 1=Remaps the DRAM device bank address
bits as a function of normalized physical address bits. Each of the bank address bits, as specified in
Table 85 and Table 86 of F2x[1, 0]80, are remapped as follows:
Define X as a bank address bit (e.g., X=15 if the bank bit is specified to be address bit 15).
X' = X, if the DCT is in 64-bit unganged mode, or X+1 in 128-bit ganged mode.
Define S(n) as the state of address bit n (0 or 1) and B as the remapped bank address bit. Then,
B= S(X') ^ S(X' + 2) ^ S(X' + 4); for a 4-bank DRAM.
B= S(X') ^ S(X' + 3) ^ S(X' + 6); for an 8-bank DRAM.
For example, encoding 02h of Table 85 would be remapped from bank[1:0]={A14, A13} to the
following for a 64-bit DCT: Bank[1:0] = {A14 ^ A16 ^ A18, A13 ^ A15 ^ A17}.
For example, if [18:13]=110001b, then Bank[1:0] = {0 ^ 0 ^ 1, 1 ^ 0 ^ 1} = {1, 0}.
BIOS should set this bit to 1b.
21
FreqChgInProg: frequency change in progress. Read-only. 1=A MEMCLK frequency change is in
progress. The DDR phy asserts this bit when it is in the process of locking the PLL. BIOS should not
program the phy registers while this bit is set. 0=DRAM-interface commands can be sent to the phy.
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20
SlowAccessMode: slow access mode (a.k.a. 2T mode). Read-write. 1=One additional MEMCLK of
setup time is provided on all DRAM address and control signals (not including CS, CKE, and ODT);
i.e., these signals are driven for two MEMCLK cycles rather than one. 0=DRAM address and control
signals are driven for one MEMCLK cycle. 2T mode may be needed in order to meet electrical
requirements of certain DIMM speed and loading configurations.
19
DcqArbBypassEn: DRAM controller arbiter bypass enable. Revision B and later: Read-write.
1=Bypass the arbitration logic when there is only one entry in the DRAM controller queue. 0=DCQ
entries are always passed through the arbiter.
18
FourRankRDimm: four rank registered DIMM connected. Read-write. 1=Four-rank registered
DIMMs are connected to the channel. In this mode, only two DIMMs per channel are supported. See
F2x[1, 0][5C:40] for configuration information in this mode.
17
Reserved.
16
PowerDownMode: power down mode. Read-write. This specifies how a DIMM or group of
DIMMs enters power down mode when enabled by F2x[1, 0]94[PowerDownEn]. A DIMM enters
power down mode when the DCT deasserts the CKE pin to that DIMM. The command and address
signals tristate one MEMCLK after CKE deasserts. There are two CKE pins per DRAM channel. For
each channel:
Bit Description
0b Channel CKE control mode. The DRAM channel is placed in power down mode when all
chip selects associated with the channel are idle. Both CKE pins for the channel operate in
lock step, in terms of placing the channel DIMMs in power down mode.
For DDR2 DIMMs:
- CKE0 is connected to CS0, CS1, CS4, CS5 (the even DIMMs);
- CKE1 is connected to CS2, CS3, CS6, CS7 (the odd DIMMs).
For DDR3 DIMMs:
- CKE0 is connected to CS0, CS2, CS4, CS6 (the even ranks);
- CKE1 is connected to CS1, CS3, CS5, CS7 (the odd ranks).
1b Chip select CKE control mode. A chip select is placed in power down mode when no
transactions are pending for the chip select. This mode is expected to be used in systems with
one DIMM per channel.
- CKE0 is associated with CS0.
- CKE1 is associated with CS1 .
This bit interacts with F2x[1, 0]84[PchgPDModeSel] as follows:
• If PchgPDModeSel=0, then the DCT waits for both ranks of a dual rank DIMM to become idle
before issuing commands to go into deep (DLL off) power down.
• If PchgPDModeSel=1 then an idle rank is placed in shallow (DLL on) power down independent of
the activity to another rank and if both ranks are idle for 256 clocks, the DCT wakes them and prepares them for deep power down mode.
In configurations where both modes are valid, BIOS should program this to 1.
15
PowerDownEn: power down mode enable. Read-write. 1=Power down mode is enabled. When in
power down mode, if all pages of the DRAMs associated with a CKE pin are closed, then these parts
are placed in power down mode. Only pre-charge power down mode is supported, not active power
down mode. BIOS should program this to 1 for unbuffered and SODIMM systems. For registered
DIMM systems, PowerDownEn may be set or cleared based on power and performance tradeoffs.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
14
DisDramInterface: disable the DRAM interface. Read-write. 1=The DRAM controller is disabled
and the DRAM phy is placed into a low power state. This bit must be set if there are no DIMMs
connected to the DCT. BIOS must set F2x[1, 0]9C_x0C[CKETri, ODTTri, and ChipSelTri] for the
DCT a minimum of 24 MEMCLKs before setting DisDramInterface in order to tri-state those DRAM
interface pins. Note if this bit is set, F2x[1, 0]90[DimmEccEn] and F2x[1, 0]90[ParEn] should not be
set to avoid spurious MCA errors.
13
DisSimulRdWr: disable simultaneous read and write. Read-write. 1=Disable the possibility of
simultaneous reads from one DCT and writes to the other DCT. If data-integrity issues result from the
additional electrical noise present when simultaneous read and write activity occurs, then this bit may
be set at the cost of some amount of performance. This bit should always be low if the DCTs are
ganged (F2x110[DctGangEn]). The value of this bit should be programmed the same for both DCTs.
12
RDqsEn: read DQS enable. Read-write. This is applied to the DRAM device’s DDR2-defined
EMRS(1) or DDR3-defined MR1 registers during DRAM initialization (see 2.8.9.6 [DRAM Device
and Controller Initialization]). This RDQS/TDQS DRAM function should only be set for x8 registered DIMMs when x4 and x8 registered DIMMs are mixed on a channel. The definition of this bit
varies with F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode] as follows:
DDR2 definition:
1=The DIMM DM pins are used as read DQS pins and data masking is disabled. 0=DM pins function
as data mask pins.
DDR3 definition:
1=The DIMM DM and DQS#[17:9] pins are used to provide DQS termination of x8 based DIMMs
for accesses to x4 based DIMMs and data masking is disabled. 0=DM pins function as data mask
pins.
11:10 ZqcsInterval: ZQ calibration short interval. Read-write. This field specifies the programmable
interval for the controller to send out the DRAM ZQ calibration short command. ZqcsInterval is
defined only when F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode] = 1. See 2.8.9.9.1 [Write Levelization Training].
Bits
Definition
00b
ZQ calibration short command is disabled
01b
64 ms
10b
128 ms (recommended)
11b
256 ms
9
LegacyBiosMode. Read-write. 0=Normal DCT functionality. 1=Legacy BIOS mode is enabled and
DCT1 is disabled. In this mode, [The DRAM DQS Receiver Enable Timing Control Registers] F2x[1,
0]9C_x[2B:10] value in DqsRcvEnGrossDelay[0] is programmed into the register fields of DqsRcvEnGrossDelay[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7] and DqsRcvEnGrossDelayCheck for each corresponding DIMM
(as defined by [The DRAM CS Base Address Registers] F2x[1, 0][5C:40]). The value in the field
DqsRcvEnFineDelay[0] is programmed into the register fields of DqsRcvEnFineDelay[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,
7] and DqsRcvEnFineDelayCheck. While this bit is set, MemClkFreq is fixed at 200 MHz and
accesses to registers F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]0[2:1], F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]03, F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]0[6:5],
F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]07, and F2x[1, 0]9C_x[4A:30] are blocked. This bit is used to maintain BIOS
compatibility with the NPT Family 0Fh memory controller. Family 10h BIOS should clear this bit
before programming F2x[1, 0]9C_x[2B:10].
8
Ddr3Mode. Read-write or read-only based on product. This field is read-only if the processor does
not support DDR3. This bit must be set by BIOS based on the types of DIMMs connected to the DCT.
0=DDR2 mode. 1=DDR3 mode. Both DCTs must be programmed to the same DIMM type.
7:4
Reserved.
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3
2:0
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
MemClkFreqVal: memory clock frequency valid. Read-write. System BIOS should set this bit
after setting up F2x[1, 0]94[MemClkFreq] to the proper value. This indicates to the DRAM controller
that it may start driving MEMCLK at the proper frequency. BIOS should poll FreqChgInProg to
determine when the DRAM-interface clocks are stable. Note: this bit should not be set if the DCT is
disabled. BIOS must change each DCT’s operating frequency in order. See 2.8.9.6 [DRAM Device
and Controller Initialization].
MemClkFreq: memory clock frequency. Read-write. This field specifies the frequency of the
DRAM interface (MEMCLK). The definiton varies with the DDR type, F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode].
Bits
DDR2 Definition
DDR3 Definition
000b
200 MHz
Reserved
001b
266 MHz
Reserved
010b
333 MHz
333 MHz revision D only.
011b
400 MHz
400 MHz
100b
533 MHz
533 MHz
101b
Reserved
667 MHz
110b
Reserved
800 MHz
111b
Reserved
Reserved
F2x[1, 0]98 DRAM Controller Additional Data Offset Register
Reset: 8000 0000h. The DCTs each include an array of registers called F2x[1, 0]9C_x[107:00], which are
defined following F2x[1, 0]9C. These are used primarily to control DRAM-interface electrical parameters.
[The DRAM Controller Additional Data Offset Register] F2x[1, 0]98 and [The DRAM Controller Additional
Data Port] F2x[1, 0]9C are used to access F2x[1, 0]9C_x[107:00]. The register number (i.e., the number that
follows “_x” in the register mnemonic) is specified by F2x[1, 0]98[DctOffset]. Access to these registers is
accomplished as follows:
• Reads:
• Write the register number to F2x[1, 0]98[DctOffset] with F2x[1, 0]98[DctAccessWrite]=0.
• Poll F2x[1, 0]98[DctAccessDone] until it is high.
• Read the register contents from F2x[1, 0]9C.
• Writes:
• Write all 32 bits to the register data to F2x[1, 0]9C (individual byte writes are not supported).
• Write the register number to F2x[1, 0]98[DctOffset] with F2x[1, 0]98[DctAccessWrite]=1.
• Poll F2x[1, 0]98[DctAccessDone] until it is high to ensure that the contents of the write have been delivered to the phy.
Writes to any register in this additional address space causes the FIFO pointers to be reset.
See 2.8.1 [DCT Configuration Registers] for general programming information about DCT configuration registers. Note, however, that F2x198, F2x098, F2x19C_x[107:00], and F2x09C_x[107:00], may all be programmed to different values even if the DCTs are in ganged mode.
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
Bits
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Description
31
DctAccessDone: DRAM controller access done. Read-only. 1=The access to one of the F2x[1,
0]9C_x[107:00] registers is complete. 0=The access is still in progress. The hardware also clears and
sets this field automatically when any of the following bits are programmed to 1 by BIOS:
• F2x[1, 0]7C[EnDramInit].
• F2x[1, 0]90[InitDram].
• F2x[1, 0]90[ExitSelfRef].
• F2x[1, 0]94[MemClkFreqVal] if the controller has already been initialized with one of the other
three bits.
30
DctAccessWrite: DRAM controller read/write select. Write-only. 0=Read one of the F2x[1,
0]9C_x[107:00] registers. 1=Write one of the F2x[1, 0]9C_x[107:00] registers.
29:0 DctOffset: DRAM controller offset. Read-write.
F2x[1, 0]9C DRAM Controller Additional Data Port
See F2x[1, 0]98 for details about this port.
F2x[1, 0]9C_x00 DRAM Output Driver Compensation Control Register
Reset: see field definitions. See F2x[1, 0]98 for register access information. See 2.8.9.5.8 [DRAM Address
Timing and Output Driver Compensation Control] for information on how to program this register.
Bits
Description
31:30 Reserved.
29:28 ProcOdt: processor on-die termination. Read-write. Cold reset: 00b. This field specifies the
resistance of the on-die termination resistors. The definition varies with the DDR type specified by
F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode]. This field is valid only when F2x[1, 0]94[ProcOdtDis]=0. See
F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F0[F,8:0]0[8,4,0][OdtModeInvert].
Bits
00b
01b
10b
11b
DDR2 for Revision B, RB-C2, BL-C2
300 ohms +/- 20%
150 ohms +/- 20%
75 ohms +/- 20%
Reserved
Bits
00b
01b
10b
11b
DDR3
240 ohms +/- 10%
120 ohms +/- 10%
60 ohms +/- 10%
Reserved
DDR2 for Revision DA-C, C3 and later
320 ohms +/- 10%
160 ohms +/- 10%
107 ohms +/- 10%
80 ohms +/- 10%
27:22 Reserved.
255
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
21:20 DqsDrvStren: DQS drive strength. Read-write. Cold reset: 11b. This field specifies the drive
strength of the DQS pins.
00b 0.75x
10b 1.25x
01b 1.0x
11b 1.5x
Note: the DM[8:0] and DQS[17:9] functions share pins on the DIMM connector. The function selection is applied based on whether the DIMM is populated with by-4 (x4) DRAM devices, in which
case the DQS[17:9] function is applied, or not (x8 or x16 DRAM devices), in which case the DM[8:0]
function is applied. However, the DM function is associated with the data pin group and should therefore be controlled DataDrvStren. While the processor supports concurrent population of x4 and nonx4 DIMMs, the determination as to which field controls the drive strength of these pins is applied statically based on these rules:
• If all DIMMs of an unganged channel are populated with non-x4 devices, DataDrvStren is applied.
• If the channels are ganged and populated with all non-x4 devices, DataDrvStren is applied.
• If any DIMMs of an unganged channel are populated with x4 devices, DqsDrvStren is applied.
• If the channels are ganged and populated with any x4 devices, DqsDrvStren is applied.
19:18 Reserved.
17:16 DataDrvStren: data drive strength. Read-write. Cold reset: 11b. This field specifies the drive
strength of the DRAM data pins.
00b 0.75x.
10b 1.25x
01b 1.0x
11b 1.5x
See the note in DqsDrvStren regarding how this field may be applied to DM signals as well.
15:14 Reserved.
13:12 ClkDrvStren: MEMCLK drive strength. Read-write. Cold reset: 11b. This field specifies the drive
strength of the MEMCLK pins.
00b 0.75x.
10b 1.25x
01b 1.0x
11b 1.5x
11:10 Reserved.
9:8
AddrCmdDrvStren: address/command drive strength. Read-write. Cold reset: 11b. This field
specifies the drive strength of the address, RAS, CAS, WE, bank and parity pins.
00b 1.0x.
10b 1.5x
01b 1.25x
11b 2.0x
7:6
Reserved.
5:4
CsOdtDrvStren: CS/ODT drive strength. Read-write. Cold reset: 11b. This field specifies the drive
strength of the CS and ODT pins.
00b 1.0x.
10b 1.5x
01b 1.25x
11b 2.0x
3:2
Reserved.
1:0
CkeDrvStren: CKE drive strength. Read-write. Cold reset: 11b. This field specifies the drive
strength of the CKE pins.
00b 1.0x.
10b 1.5x
01b 1.25x
11b 2.0x
\
F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]0[2:1] DRAM Write Data Timing [High:Low] Registers
See F2x[1, 0]98 for register access information.
The following register list is expanded as follows:
256
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
DctOffset
0000_0001h
0000_0002h
0000_0003h
0000_0101h
0000_0102h
0000_0103h
0000_0201h
0000_0202h
0000_0203h
0000_0301h
0000_0302h
0000_0303h
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Register
DRAM Write Data Timing Low DIMM 0: (bytes 0,1,2,3)
DRAM Write Data Timing High DIMM 0: (bytes 4,5,6,7)
DRAM Write ECC Timing DIMM 0
DRAM Write Data Timing Low DIMM 1: (bytes 0,1,2,3)
DRAM Write Data Timing High DIMM 1: (bytes 4,5,6,7)
DRAM Write ECC Timing DIMM 1
DRAM Write Data Timing Low DIMM 2: (bytes 0,1,2,3)
DRAM Write Data Timing High DIMM 2: (bytes 4,5,6,7)
DRAM Write ECC Timing DIMM 2
DRAM Write Data Timing Low DIMM 3: (bytes 0,1,2,3)
DRAM Write Data Timing High DIMM 3: (bytes 4,5,6,7)
DRAM Write ECC Timing DIMM 3
These registers control the timing of write data with respect to MEMCLK and allow transmit DQS to be centered in the data eye. The delay starts 1 UI before the rising edge of MEMCLK corresponding to the CASwrite-latency. See 2.8.9.9 [DRAM Training] for information on how to use these registers. To ensure unique
values are written to each timing control register, BIOS must program these registers in consecutive DIMM
order; i.e., program DIMM 0 register values first followed by the DIMM 1 values, etc.
Fine timing (WrDatFineDlyByte):
Delay = WrDatFineDlyByte * 1/64 of a MEMCLK, ranging from 0/64 to 31/64 MEMCLKs.
Gross timing (WrDatGrossDlyByte):
00b
No delay
01b
0.5 MEMCLK delay
10b
1.0 MEMCLK delay
11b
1.5 MEMCLK delay
Note: WrDatGrossDlyByte should be zero for DDR2 DIMMs. For revision B, WrDatGrossDlyByte is reserved
for registers where DctOffSet is 2XXh or 3XXh.
The total delay is the sum of these two fields, ranging from 0 to 1 and 63/64 MEMCLKs.
Bits
31
Description
Reserved.
30:29 WrDatGrossDlyByte[7, 3]: write data gross delay byte[7, 3]. Read-write. Reset: 0.
28:24 WrDatFineDlyByte[7, 3]: write data fine delay byte[7, 3]. Read-write. Cold reset: 0Fh.
23
Reserved.
22:21 WrDatGrossDlyByte[6, 2]: write data gross delay byte[6, 2]. Read-write. Reset: 0.
20:16 WrDatFineDlyByte[6, 2]: write data fine delay byte[6, 2]. Read-write. Cold reset: 0Fh.
15
Reserved.
14:13 WrDatGrossDlyByte[5, 1]: write data gross delay byte[5, 1]. Read-write. Reset: 0.
12:8 WrDatFineDlyByte[5, 1]: write data fine delay byte[5, 1]. Read-write. Cold reset: 0Fh.
7
Reserved.
6:5
WrDatGrossDlyByte[4, 0]: write data gross delay byte[4, 0]. Read-write. Reset: 0.
4:0
WrDatFineDlyByte[4, 0]: write data fine delay byte[4, 0]. Read-write. Cold reset: 0Fh.
257
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]03 DRAM Write ECC Timing Register
See F2x[1, 0]98 for register access information. See F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]0[2:1] for a partially expanded list
including DRAM Write ECC Timing Registers and for revision specific information.
These registers specify the delay that is added to the ECC write data bits with respect to MEMCLK. The delay
starts 1 UI before the rising edge of MEMCLK corresponding to the CAS-write-latency. The total delay is the
sum of the fields, ranging from 0 to 1 and 31/64 MEMCLKs. See 2.8.9.9 [DRAM Training] for information on
how to use this register.
Bits
Description
31:7 Reserved.
6:5
WrChkGrossDly: write data ECC gross delay. Read-write. Reset: 0. This is encoded as follows:
00b
No delay.
01b
0.5 MEMCLK delay.
10b
1.0 MEMCLK delay.
11b
1.5 MEMCLK delay.
4:0
WrChkFineDly: write data ECC fine delay. Read-write. Cold reset: 0Fh. This is encoded as follows:
Delay = WrChkFineDly * 1/64 of a MEMCLK, ranging from 0/64 to 31/64 MEMCLKs.
F2x[1, 0]9C_x04 DRAM Address/Command Timing Control Register
See F2x[1, 0]98 for register access information. This register controls the timing of the address, command,
chip select, ODT and clock enable pins with respect to MEMCLK. See the figure below. This register is used to
adjust both the setup and hold time at the DIMM. It is recommended that the address and commands are
launched 3/4 of a cycle ahead of the rising edge of MEMCLK. See 2.8.9.5.8 [DRAM Address Timing and Output Driver Compensation Control] for information on how to program this register. When programming this
register, F2x[1, 0]9C_x0C should be written prior to writing F2x[1, 0]9C_x04.
A d d r e ss/C o m m a n d T im in g C o n tr o l R e g iste r
M EM CLK
C om m and
C om m and
1 M EM C LK
½ M EM C LK
C o a rse S e tu p = 1 (se tu p is o n e fu ll M E M C L K ) –
F in e d e la y is z e ro .
C o a rse S e tu p = 0 (se tu p is o n e h a lf M E M C L K ) –
F in e d e la y is z e ro .
C om m and
C o a rse S e tu p = 1 (se tu p is o n e fu ll M E M C L K ) p lu s a
n o n z e ro fin e d e la y .
C om m and
C o a rse S e tu p = 0 (se tu p is o n e h a lf M E M C L K ) – A
h a lf M E M C L K se tu p p lu s a n o n -z e ro fin e d e la y .
Figure 17: Address/Command Timing at the Processor Pins
258
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
2T timing is controlled by F2x[1, 0]94[SlowAccessMode]. Note: if the DCT channels are ganged (see
F2x110[DctGangEn]), then this register must be programmed before setting F2x[1, 0]94[MemClkFreqVal]=1.
Note: if a setup time (course delay) field is changed and F2x[1, 0]94[MemClkFreqVal]=1, then software must
toggle MemClkFreqVal for the delay to take effect.
Bits
Description
31:22 Reserved.
21
AddrCmdSetup: address/command setup time. Read-write. Reset: 0. This bit selects the default
setup time for the address and command pins versus MEMCLK.
0b 1/2 MEMCLK (1 1/2 MEMCLK for 2T timing)
1b 1 MEMCLK (2 MEMCLKs for 2T timing)
20:16 AddrCmdFineDelay: address/command fine delay. Read-write. Cold reset: 00h. This field specifies the time that the address and command pins are delayed from the default setup time.
0_0000b No delay
0_0001b 1/64 MEMCLK delay
0_0010b 2/64 MEMCLK delay
...
1_1111b 31/64 MEMCLK delay
15:14 Reserved.
13
CsOdtSetup: CS/ODT setup time. Read-write. Reset: 0. This bit selects the default setup time for
the CS and ODT pins versus MEMCLK.
0b 1/2 MEMCLK
1b 1 MEMCLK
12:8 CsOdtFineDelay: CS/ODT fine delay. Read-write. Cold reset: 00h. This field specifies the time that
the CS and ODT pins are delayed from the default setup time.
0_0000b No delay
0_0001b 1/64 MEMCLK delay
0_0010b 2/64 MEMCLK delay
...
1_1111b 31/64 MEMCLK delay
7:6
5
4:0
Reserved.
CkeSetup: CKE setup time. Read-write. Reset: 0. This bit selects the default setup time for the CKE
pins versus MEMCLK.
0b 1/2 MEMCLK
1b 1 MEMCLK
CkeFineDelay: CKE fine delay. Read-write. Cold reset: 00h. This field specifies the time that the
CKE pins are delayed from the default setup time.
0_0000b No delay
0_0001b 1/64 MEMCLK delay
0_0010b 2/64 MEMCLK delay
...
1_1111b 31/64 MEMCLK delay
F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]0[6:5] DRAM Read DQS Timing Control [High:Low] Registers
Cold reset: 1F1F 1F1Fh. See F2x[1, 0]98 for register access information.
259
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
DctOffset
0000_0005h
0000_0006h
0000_0007h
0000_0105h
0000_0106h
0000_0107h
0000_0205h
0000_0206h
0000_0207h
0000_0305h
0000_0306h
0000_0307h
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Register
DRAM Read DQS Timing Control Low DIMM 0: (bytes 0,1,2,3)
DRAM Read DQS Timing Control High DIMM 0: (bytes 4,5,6,7)
DRAM Read DQS ECC Timing Control DIMM 0
DRAM Read DQS Timing Control Low DIMM 1: (bytes 0,1,2,3)
DRAM Read DQS Timing Control High DIMM 1: (bytes 4,5,6,7)
DRAM Read DQS ECC Timing Control DIMM 1
DRAM Read DQS Timing Control Low DIMM 2: (bytes 0,1,2,3)
DRAM Read DQS Timing Control High DIMM 2: (bytes 4,5,6,7)
DRAM Read DQS ECC Timing Control DIMM 2
DRAM Read DQS Timing Control Low DIMM 3: (bytes 0,1,2,3)
DRAM Read DQS Timing Control High DIMM 3: (bytes 4,5,6,7)
DRAM Read DQS ECC Timing Control DIMM 3
These registers control the nominal timing of read (input) DQS signals with respect to data. The actual delay
applied to the DQS input signal before sampling data includes an internal part dependent delay plus the nominal register delay specified here. The part dependent (insertion) delay is large in proportion to individual step
delay controlled by this register. See 2.8.9.9 [DRAM Training] for information on how to use these registers.
F2[1, 0]9C_x[305, 205, 105, 05] are the DRAM Read DQS Timing Control Low Registers; they control DQS
for bytes[3:0] of data. F2[1, 0]9C_x[306, 206, 106, 06] are the DRAM Read DQS Timing Control High Registers; they control DQS for bytes[7:4] of data. The delay resolution is dependant upon the operating MEMCLK
frequency. See F2x[1, 0]94[MemClkFreq]. Each of the fields in these registers specify how much DQS is
delayed nominally using delay hardware as follows:
• For memory clock frequencies less than 400 MHz, delay = RdDqsTimeByte * 1/128 MEMCLKs, ranging
from 0 to 63/128 MEMCLKs.
• For memory clock frequencies of 400 MHz or greater, delay = (RdDqsTimeByte & 03Eh) * 1/128 MEMCLKs, ranging from 0 to 62/128 MEMCLKs ((writes to the LSB of RdDqsTimeByte are ignored and reads
return zero).
To ensure unique values are written to each timing control register, BIOS must program these registers in consecutive DIMM order; i.e., program DIMM 0 register values first followed by the DIMM 1 values, etc.
Bits
Description
31:30 Reserved.
29:24 RdDqsTimeByte[7, 3]: read DQS byte [7, 3] timing control. Read-write.
23:22 Reserved.
21:16 RdDqsTimeByte[6, 2]: read DQS byte [6, 2] timing control. Read-write.
15:14 Reserved.
13:8 RdDqsTimeByte[5, 1]: read DQS byte [5, 1] timing control. Read-write.
7:6
Reserved.
5:0
RdDqsTimeByte[4, 0]: read DQS byte [4, 0] timing control. Read-write.
F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]07 DRAM Read DQS ECC Timing Control Register
Cold reset: 0000 001Fh. See F2x[1, 0]98 for register access information. See F2x[1, 0]9C_x[3:0]0[6:5] for a
partially expanded list including DRAM Read DQS ECC Timing Registers and for revision specific information. See 2.8.9.9 [DRAM Training] for information on how to use this register.
260
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
Bits
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Description
31:6 Reserved.
5:0
RdDqsTimeCheck: read DQS ECC byte timing control. Read-write. This field specifies the delay
that is added to the DQS signal associated with the ECC bits with respect to the data. The delay resolution is dependant upon the operating MEMCLK frequency, F2x[1, 0]94[MemClkFreq], as follows:
• For memory clock frequencies less than 400 MHz, delay = RdDqsTimeCheck * 1/128 MEMCLKs,
ranging from 0 to 63/128 MEMCLKs.
• For memory clock frequencies of 400 MHz or greater, delay = (RdDqsTimeCheck & 03Eh) * 1/128
MEMCLKs, ranging from 0 to 62/128 MEMCLKs (writes to the LSB of RdDqsTimeByte are
ignored and reads return zero).
F2x[1, 0]9C_x08 DRAM Phy Control Register
Cold reset: 0208 0000h. See F2x[1, 0]98 for register access information. See 2.8.9.9 [DRAM Training] for
information on how to use this register.
Bits
Description
31
Reserved.
30
DisAutoComp: disable automatic compensation. Read-write. 1=Disable the compensation control
state machine. 0=The phy automatic compensation engine is enabled. Setting this bit in DCT0 disables the compensation engine for DCT0 and DCT1. Setting this bit in DCT1 has no effect.
29:14 Reserved.
13
DqsRcvTrEn: DQS receiver training enable. Read-write. 1=Initiate hardware assisted read DQS
receiver training. 0=Stop read DQS receiver training. The Phy stops the phase recovery engine during
DQS receiver training. This allows the BIOS to reliably read the DQS receiver training data.
12
WrLvOdtEn: write levelization ODT enabled. Read-write. 1=ODT enabled during write levelization training. 0=No ODT is used for write levelization training.
11:8 WrLvOdt[3:0]: write levelization ODT. Read-write. This field specifies the state of the ODT pins
that are driven out when WrLvOdtEn is set. For each bit, 1=ODT is enabled; 0=ODT is disabled. Tristate enable for ODT is turned off by the phy while WrLvOdtEn is set. See 2.8.9.5.7 [DRAM ODT
Control].
7:6
Reserved.
5:4
TrDimmSel: training DIMM select. Read-write. This specifies which DIMM is to be trained.
00b=DIMM 0. 01b=DIMM 1. 10b=DIMM 2. 11b=DIMM 3. DIMM numbers are specified by [The
DRAM CS Base Address Registers] F2x[1, 0][5C:40]. For DDR3, bit[5] is reserved.
3
PhyFenceTrEn: phy fence training enable. Revision B: Write-only. Revision C and D: Read-write.
1=Initiate phy based fence training. 0=Stop the phy based fence training engine.
2
TrNibbleSel: training nibble select. Read-write. This specifies nibbles of each DIMM data and ECC
byte trained during write levelization training. 0=Lower nibbles. 1=Upper nibbles.
1
WrtLvTrMode: write levelization training mode. Read-write. 1=Write levelization training is done
by the BIOS. 0=Write training is done by the hardware.
0
WrtLvTrEn: write levelization training enable. Read-write. 1=Initiate write levelization (tDQSS
margining) training. 0=Stop write levelization training. The Phy stops the phase recovery engine during write levelization training. This allows the BIOS to reliably read the write levelization training
data.
261
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
F2x9C_x09 DRAM Phy Driver Calibration Register
Cold reset: xxxx xxxxh. See F2x[1, 0]98 for register access information. This register and F2x9C_x0A are
used by BIOS to program the phy’s pre-driver calibration codes based on non-linear driver calibration codes
read from this register. See 2.8.9.3 [Phy compensation initialization] for more information on how to program
these registers.
Note: BIOS must not write to this register.
Bits
Description
31:30 Reserved.
29:25 D3Cmp2DrvPCal: D3CMP 2 driver PMOS calibration code. Read-write.
24:20 D3Cmp2DrvNCal: D3CMP 2 driver NMOS calibration code. Read-write.
19:15 D3Cmp1DrvPCal: D3CMP 1 driver PMOS calibration code. Read-write.
14:10 D3Cmp1DrvNCal: D3CMP 1 driver NMOS calibration code. Read-write.
9:5
D3Cmp0DrvPCal: D3CMP 0 driver PMOS calibration code. Read-write.
4:0
D3Cmp0DrvNCal: D3CMP 0 driver NMOS calibration code. Read-write.
F2x9C_x0A DRAM Phy Predriver Calibration Register
Cold reset: 0631 8C63h. See F2x[1, 0]98 for register access information. See 2.8.9.3 [Phy compensation initialization] for information on how to program this register.
Bits
Description
31:28 Reserved.
27:25 D3Cmp2PCal: D3CMP 2 PMOS predriver calibration code. Read-write. This field affects slew
rates for all data and dqs pins associated with byte lanes 4 thru 7 and clock pads
MEMCLK0_H/L[7:2] and MEMCLK1_H/L[7:2]. See 2.8.2 [DDR Pad to Processor Pin Mapping].
The recommended calibration code value programmed into this field corresponds to the normalized
drive strength value programmed in F2x[1, 0]9C_x00[DataDrvStren] as specified below:
DataDrvStren
Calibration Code
00b
7h
01b
See note 1.
10b
5h
11b
3h
1. If G34 processor populated with 3 DIMMS per channel at 1.5V, then Code=5h; elseif C32 processor populated with 3 SR DDR-1066 DIMMs per channel at 1.5V, then Code=1h; else Code=7h.
24:23 Reserved.
262
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
22:20 D3Cmp2NCal: D3CMP 2 NMOS predriver calibration code. Read-write. This field affects slew
rates for all data and dqs pins associated with byte lanes 4 thru 7 and clock pads
MEMCLK0_H/L[7:2] and MEMCLK1_H/L[7:2]. See 2.8.2 [DDR Pad to Processor Pin Mapping].
The recommended calibration code value programmed into this field corresponds to the normalized
drive strength value programmed in F2x[1, 0]9C_x00[DataDrvStren] as specified below:
DataDrvStren
Calibration Code
00b
7h
01b
See note 1.
10b
3h
11b
2h
1. If G34 processor populated with 3 DIMMS per channel at 1.5V, then Code=5h; elseif C32 processor populated with 3 SR DDR-1066 DIMMs per channel at 1.5V, then Code=1h; else Code=7h.
19:18 Reserved.
17:15 D3Cmp1PCal: D3CMP 1 PMOS predriver calibration code. Read-write. This field affects slew
rates for command and address pins. The recommended calibration code value programmed into this
field corresponds to the normalized drive strength value programmed in F2x[1, 0]9C_x00[AddrCmdDrvStren] as specified below:
AddrCmdDrvStren Calibration Code
00b
7h
01b
5h
10b
3h
11b
2h
14:13 Reserved.
12:10 D3Cmp1NCal: D3CMP 1 NMOS predriver calibration code. Read-write. This field affects slew
rates for command and address pins. The recommended calibration code value programmed into this
field corresponds to the normalized drive strength value programmed in F2x[1, 0]9C_x00[AddrCmdDrvStren] as specified below:
AddrCmdDrvStren Calibration Code
00b
7h
01b
3h
10b
2h
11b
2h
9:8
Reserved.
7:5
D3Cmp0PCal: D3CMP 0 PMOS predriver calibration code. Read-write. This field affects slew
rates for all data and dqs pins associated with byte lanes 0 thru 3, the ECC byte lane, and clock pads
MEMCLK0_H/L[1:0] and MEMCLK1_H/L[1:0]. See 2.8.2 [DDR Pad to Processor Pin Mapping].
The recommended calibration code value programmed into this field corresponds to the normalized
drive strength value programmed in F2x[1, 0]9C_x00[DataDrvStren] as specified below:
DataDrvStren
Calibration Code
00b
7h
01b
See note 1.
10b
5h
11b
3h
1. If G34 processor populated with 3 DIMMS per channel at 1.5V, then Code=5h; elseif C32 processor populated with 3 SR DDR-1066 DIMMs per channel at 1.5V, then Code=1h; else Code=7h.
263
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
4:3
Reserved.
2:0
D3Cmp0NCal: D3CMP 0 NMOS predriver calibration code. Read-write. This field affects slew
rates for all data and dqs pins associated with byte lanes 0 thru 3, the ECC byte lane, and clock pads
MEMCLK0_H/L[1:0] and MEMCLK1_H/L[1:0]. See 2.8.2 [DDR Pad to Processor Pin Mapping].
The recommended calibration code value programmed into this field corresponds to the normalized
drive strength value programmed in F2x[1, 0]9C_x00[DataDrvStren] as specified below:
DataDrvStren
Calibration Code
00b
7h
01b
See note 1.
10b
3h
11b
2h
1. If G34 processor populated with 3 DIMMS per channel at 1.5V, then Code=5h; elseif C32 processor populated with 3 SR DDR-1066 DIMMs per channel at 1.5V, then Code=1h; else Code=7h.
F2x[1, 0]9C_x0C DRAM Phy Miscellaneous Register
Cold reset: 0013 0000h. See F2x[1, 0]98 for register access information. This register provides access to the
DDR phy to control signal tri-state functionality. See Table 84 for processor pin map. Based on the system configuration, BIOS may tri-state signals with associated chip selects that are unpopulated in an effort to conserve
power. The recommendations for tri-state of ODT pins are as follows:
• BIOS tri-states ODT pins to unpopulated DIMM slots.
• BIOS tri-states ODT pins that are unused on slots with unbuffered DIMMs.
• BIOS does not tri-state any ODT pins to slots with registered DIMMs.
This register also provides access to the DDR phy fence logic used to adjust the phase relationship between the
data FIFO and the data going to the pad. See 2.8.9.7 [Phy Fence programming] for information on how to program this register.
Software must rewrite the desired value to F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F0[F:0]30[PwrDn] after any write to this register.
Bits
Description
31:21 Reserved.
20:16 PhyFence: phy fence.Read-write. This field specifies the fence delay value between the phy data
FIFO, and the DDR pads.
Fence delay = PhyFence * 1/64 of a MEMCLK, ranging from 0/64 to 31/64 MEMCLKs.
15:14 Reserved.
13:12 CKETri: CKE tri-state. Read-write. 0=The CKE signals are not tri-stated unless directed to by the
DCT. 1=Tri-state unconnected CKE signals from the processor. The bits of this field map to pads as
follows:
Bit Package pin name
0
MEMCKE[1,0][0]
1
MEMCKE[1,0][1]
See section 2.8.2 [DDR Pad to Processor Pin Mapping].
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11:8 ODTTri: ODT tristate. Read-write. 0=The ODT signals are not tristated unless directed to by the
DCT. 1=Tri-state unconnected ODT signals from the processor. The bits of this field map to pads as
follows:
Bit Pad
Bit Pad
0
MEMODT[1,0][0]
2
MEMODT[1,0][2]
1
MEMODT[1,0][1]
3
MEMODT[1,0][3]
See section 2.8.2 [DDR Pad to Processor Pin Mapping].
7:0
ChipSelTri: chip select tristate. Read-write. 0=The chip select signals are not tristated unless
directed to by the DCT. 1=Tristate unpopulated chip selects when motherboard termination is
available. For single rank registered DIMMs with address parity capability, BIOS must not tri-state
the chip select pin corresponding to the second chip select of the DIMM . The bit of this field map to
pads as follows:
Bit Pad
Bit Pad
0
MEMCS[1,0]_L[0]
4
MEMCS[1,0]_L[4]
1
MEMCS[1,0]_L[1]
5
MEMCS[1,0]_L[5]
2
MEMCS[1,0]_L[2]
6
MEMCS[1,0]_L[6]
3
MEMCS[1,0]_L[3]
7
MEMCS[1,0]_L[7]
See section 2.8.2 [DDR Pad to Processor Pin Mapping].
F2x[1, 0]9C_x0D DRAM Phy DLL Control Register
Revision B: Reserved. Revision C and later: Cold reset: 0000 0000h. See F2x[1, 0]98 for register access information. This register defines programmable options for the phy's DLLs for power savings. There are two identical sets of configuration registers: one for the transmit DLLs (those running off of the phy's internal PCLK
which is running at rate of 2*MEMCLK) and receive DLLs (those running off of the DQS from the DIMMs).
These values are programmed by BIOS based on programmed DDR frequency. This register must be programmed to its cold reset value during usage of the PRE (see F2x[1, 0]9C_x[51:50]). See 2.8.9.6 [DRAM
Device and Controller Initialization] for more information.
Bits
Description
31:26 Reserved.
25:24 RxDLLWakeupTime: receive DLL wakeup time. Read-write. This field specifies the number of
PCLKs that the DLL standby signal must deassert prior to a DLL relock event or before read traffic is
sent to the receive DLLs.
23
Reserved.
22:20 RxCPUpdPeriod: receive charge pump period. Read-write. This field specifies the number of DLL
relocks required to keep the receive DLLs locked for the period where there is no read traffic.
19
Reserved.
18:16 RxMaxDurDllNoLock: receive maximum duration DLL no lock. Read-write. This field specifies
the number of PCLK cycles that occur before the phy DLLs relock. A DLL relock occurs every
2^RxMaxDurDllNoLock if there are no reads during the period. BIOS should leave this field at the
default value of 0.
15:10 Reserved.
9:8
7
TxDLLWakeupTime: transmit DLL wakeup time. Read-write. This field specifies the number of
PCLK's that the DLL standby signal must deassert prior to a DLL relock event or before write traffic
is sent to transmit DLLs.
Reserved.
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
6:4
3
2:0
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
TxCPUpdPeriod: transmit charge pump DLL wakeup time. Read-write. This specifies the
number of DLL relocks required to keep the TxDLLs locked for the period where there is no write
traffic.
Reserved.
TxMaxDurDllNoLock: transmit maximum duration DLL no lock. Read-write. This field
specifies the number of PCLK cycles that occur before the phy DLLs relock. A DLL relock occurs
every 2^TxMaxDurDllNoLock if there are no writes during the period. BIOS should leave this field at
the default value of 0.
F2x[1, 0]9C_x[2B:10] DRAM DQS Receiver Enable Timing Control Registers
See F2x[1, 0]98 for register access information.
These registers are organized as eight groups of registers, two groups for each DIMM on a channel. DIMM
numbers are specified by [The DRAM CS Base Address Registers] F2x[1, 0][5C:40]. The definition of F2x[1,
0]98[DctOffset] registers 0000_0010h through 0000_001Bh varies with F2x[1, 0]94[LegacyBiosMode]. To
ensure unique values are written to each DQS receiver enable timing control register, BIOS must program
these registers in consecutive order; i.e., program DIMM 0 register values first followed by the DIMM 1 values, etc.
DctOffset
0000_0010h
0000_0011h
0000_0012h
0000_0013h
0000_0014h
0000_0015h
0000_0016h
0000_0017h
0000_0018h
0000_0019h
0000_001Ah
0000_001Bh
0000_0020h
0000_0021h
0000_0022h
0000_0023h
0000_0024h
0000_0025h
0000_0026h
0000_0027h
0000_0028h
0000_0029h
0000_002Ah
0000_002Bh
Register
DRAM DQS Receiver Enable Timing Control Low DIMM 0: (bytes 0,1)
DRAM DQS Receiver Enable Timing Control High DIMM 0: (bytes 2,3)
DRAM DQS Receiver Enable Timing Control ECC DIMM 0
DRAM DQS Receiver Enable Timing Control Low DIMM 1: (bytes 0,1)
DRAM DQS Receiver Enable Timing Control High DIMM 1: (bytes 2,3)
DRAM DQS Receiver Enable Timing Control ECC DIMM 1
DRAM DQS Receiver Enable Timing Control Low DIMM 2: (bytes 0,1)
DRAM DQS Receiver Enable Timing Control High DIMM 2: (bytes 2,3)
DRAM DQS Receiver Enable Timing Control ECC DIMM 2
DRAM DQS Receiver Enable Timing Control Low DIMM 3: (bytes 0,1)
DRAM DQS Receiver Enable Timing Control High DIMM 3: (bytes 2,3)
DRAM DQS Receiver Enable Timing Control ECC DIMM 3
DRAM DQS Receiver Enable Timing Control Low DIMM 0: (bytes 4,5)
DRAM DQS Receiver Enable Timing Control High DIMM 0: (bytes 6,7)
Reserved
DRAM DQS Receiver Enable Timing Control Low DIMM 1: (bytes 4,5)
DRAM DQS Receiver Enable Timing Control High DIMM 1: (bytes 6,7)
Reserved
DRAM DQS Receiver Enable Timing Control Low DIMM 2: (bytes 4,5)
DRAM DQS Receiver Enable Timing Control High DIMM 2: (bytes 6,7)
Reserved
DRAM DQS Receiver Enable Timing Control Low DIMM 3: (bytes 4,5)
DRAM DQS Receiver Enable Timing Control High DIMM 3: (bytes 6,7)
Reserved
Each of these registers control the timing of the receiver enable with respect to MEMCLK. The delay is applied
from the falling MEMCLK edge following the CAS latency minus 1 rising edge of a read command. See
2.8.9.9 [DRAM Training] for information on how to use these registers. Individual controls for each byte of
data and ECC data are provided. Each control includes a gross timing field and a fine timing field, the sum of
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
which is the total delay. They are defined as follows:
Fine timing (for DqsRcvEnFineDelay and DqsRcvEnFineDelayCheck):
Delay = DqsRcvEnFineDelay * 1/64 MEMCLKs, ranging from 0 to 31/64 MEMCLKs.
Gross timing:
0000b No delay
1000b
0001b 0.5 MEMCLK delay
1001b
0010b 1.0 MEMCLK delay
1010b
0011b 1.5 MEMCLK delay
1011b
0100b 2.0 MEMCLK delay
1100b
0101b 2.5 MEMCLK delay
1101b
0110b 3.0 MEMCLK delay
1110b
0111b 3.5 MEMCLK delay
1111b
1xxxb Reserved on revision B and C processors.
4.0 MEMCLK delay
4.5 MEMCLK delay
5.0 MEMCLK delay
5.5 MEMCLK delay
6.0 MEMCLK delay
6.5 MEMCLK delay
7.0 MEMCLK delay
7.5 MEMCLK delay
DRAM DQS Receiver Enable Timing Control [High, Low] Registers (For DctOffset registers 0000_0010h
through 0000_001Bh, the high registers apply to bytes[3:2] and the low registers apply to bytes[1:0]. For DctOffset registers 0000_0020h through 0000_002Bh, the high registers apply to bytes[7:6] and the low registers
apply to bytes[5:4].
Bits
Description
31:29 Reserved.
28:25 Reserved.
24:21 DqsRcvEnGrossDelay[7, 5],[3, 1]: DQS receiver enable gross delay[7, 5],[3, 1]. Read-write.
Reset: 0.
20:16 DqsRcvEnFineDelay[7, 5],[3, 1]: DQS receiver enable fine delay[7, 5],[3, 1]. Read-write. Cold
reset: 0.
15:13 Reserved.
12:9 Reserved.
8:5
DqsRcvEnGrossDelay[6, 4],[2, 0]: DQS receiver enable gross delay[6, 4],[2, 0]. Read-write.
Reset: 0.
4:0
DqsRcvEnFineDelay[6, 4],[2, 0]: DQS receiver enable fine delay[6, 4],[2, 0]. Read-write. Cold
reset: 0.
DRAM DQS Receiver Enable Timing Control ECC Registers
See F2x[1, 0]98 for register access information.
Bits
Description
31:9 Reserved.
8:5
DqsRcvEnGrossDelayCheck: DQS receiver enable gross delay ECC. Read-write. Reset: 0.
4:0
DqsRcvEnFineDelayCheck: DQS receiver enable fine delay ECC.Read-write. Cold reset: 0.
F2x[1, 0]9C_x[4A:30] DRAM DQS Write Timing Control Registers
These registers are valid only when F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode] = 1 and should be programmed to 0 otherwise.
There are four groups of registers for each DDR3 DIMM. DIMM numbers are specified by [The DRAM CS
Base Address Registers] F2x[1, 0][5C:40].
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
DctOffset
0000_0030h
0000_0031h
0000_0032h
0000_0033h
0000_0034h
0000_0035h
0000_0036h
0000_0037h
0000_0038h
0000_0039h
0000_003Ah
0000_003Bh
0000_0040h
0000_0041h
0000_0042h
0000_0043h
0000_0044h
0000_0045h
0000_0046h
0000_0047h
0000_0048h
0000_0049h
0000_004Ah
0000_004Bh
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Register
DRAM DQS Write Timing Control Low DIMM 0: (bytes 0,1)
DRAM DQS Write Timing Control High DIMM 0: (bytes 2,3)
DRAM DQS Write Timing Control ECC DIMM 0
DRAM DQS Write Timing Control Low DIMM 1: (bytes 0,1)
DRAM DQS Write Timing Control High DIMM 1: (bytes 2,3)
DRAM DQS Write Timing Control ECC DIMM 1
DRAM DQS Write Timing Control Low DIMM 2: (bytes 0,1)
DRAM DQS Write Timing Control High DIMM 2: (bytes 2,3)
DRAM DQS Write Timing Control ECC DIMM 2
DRAM DQS Write Timing Control Low DIMM 3: (bytes 0,1)
DRAM DQS Write Timing Control High DIMM 3: (bytes 2,3)
DRAM DQS Write Timing Control ECC DIMM 3
DRAM DQS Write Timing Control Low DIMM 0: (bytes 4,5)
DRAM DQS Write Timing Control High DIMM 0: (bytes 6,7)
Reserved
DRAM DQS Write Timing Control Low DIMM 1: (bytes 4,5)
DRAM DQS Write Timing Control High DIMM 1: (bytes 6,7)
Reserved
DRAM DQS Write Timing Control Low DIMM 2: (bytes 4,5)
DRAM DQS Write Timing Control High DIMM 2: (bytes 6,7)
Reserved
DRAM DQS Write Timing Control Low DIMM 3: (bytes 4,5)
DRAM DQS Write Timing Control High DIMM 3: (bytes 6,7)
Reserved
Each of these registers control the DQS timing delay for write commands relative to MEMCLK. See 2.8.9.9
[DRAM Training] for information on how to use this register. To ensure unique values are written to each timing control register, BIOS must program these registers in consecutive DIMM order; i.e., program DIMM 0
register values first followed by the DIMM 1 values, etc.
Individual controls for each byte of data and ECC data are provided. Each control includes a gross timing field
and a fine timing field, the sum of which is the total delay. They are defined as follows:
Fine timing (for WrDqsFineDly and WrDqsChkFineDly):
Delay = WrDqsFineDly * 1/64 MEMCLKs, ranging from 0 to 31/64 MEMCLKs.
Delay = WrDqsFineDly * 1/64 MEMCLKs, ranging from 0 to 31/64 MEMCLKs.
Gross timing:
000b
No delay
001b
0.5 MEMCLK delay
010b
1.0 MEMCLK delay
011b
1.5 MEMCLK delay
1xxb
Reserved
DRAM DQS Write Timing Control [High, Low] Registers
See F2x[1, 0]98 for register access information. (For DctOffset registers 0000_0030h through 0000_003Bh,
the high registers apply to bytes[3:2] and the low registers apply to bytes[1:0]. For DctOffset registers
0000_0040h through 0000_004Bh, the high registers apply to bytes[7:6] and the low registers apply to
bytes[5:4])
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
Bits
31
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Description
Reserved.
30:29 Reserved. Read-write.
28:24 Reserved.
23:21 WrDqsGrossDly[7, 5],[3, 1]: DQS write gross delay[7, 5],[3, 1]. Read-write. Reset: 0.
20:16 WrDqsFineDly[7, 5],[3, 1]: DQS write fine delay[7, 5],[3, 1]. Read-write. Cold reset: 0.
15
Reserved.
14:13 Reserved.
12:8 Reserved.
7:5
WrDqsGrossDly[6, 4],[2, 0]: DQS write gross delay[6, 4],[2, 0]. Read-write. Reset: 0.
4:0
WrDqsFineDly[6, 4],[2, 0]: DQS write fine delay[6, 4],[2, 0]. Read-write. Cold reset: 0.
DRAM DQS Write Timing Control ECC Registers
See F2x[1, 0]98 for register access information.
Bits
Description
31:8 Reserved.
7:5
WrDqsChkGrossDly: DQS write gross delay ECC. Read-write. Reset: 0.
4:0
WrDqsChkFineDly: DQS write fine delay ECC. Read-write. Cold reset: 0.
F2x[1, 0]9C_x[51:50] DRAM Phase Recovery Control Register [High:Low] Registers
See F2x[1, 0]98 for register access information. These registers are used by BIOS for hardware assisted
DRAM training. Writes to these registers seed the phase recovery engine prior to training. Reads from the registers indicate how much the phase recovery engine has advanced to align the MEMCLK and DQS edges and
is under hardware control. See 2.8.9.9 [DRAM Training] for information on how to use these registers. F2[1,
0]9C_x50 is the Low Register which controls bytes[3:0] of data. F2[1, 0]9C_x51 is the High Register which
controls bytes[7:4] of data. The fields in these registers are encoded as follows:
Gross timing (PhRecGrossDlyByte): indicates the number of half-MEMCLK periods that the phase recovery
engine advanced while aligning edges, ranging from 0.0 to 1.5 MEMCLK periods.
Fine timing (PhRecFineDlyByte):
Delay = PhRecFineDlyByte * 1/64 of a MEMCLK, ranging from 0/64 to 31/64 MEMCLKs.
The total delay is the sum of these two fields, ranging from 0 to 1 and 63/64 MEMCLKs.
Bits
31
Description
Reserved.
30:29 PhRecGrossDlyByte[7, 3]: phase recovery gross delay byte [7, 3]. Read-write. Reset: X.
28:24 PhRecFineDlyByte[7, 3]: phase recovery fine delay byte [7, 3]. Read-write. Reset: X.
23
Reserved.
22:21 PhRecGrossDlyByte[6, 2]: phase recovery gross delay byte [6, 2]. Read-write. Reset: X.
20:16 PhRecFineDlyByte[6, 2]: phase recovery fine delay byte [6, 2]. Read-write. Reset: X.
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
15
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Reserved.
14:13 PhRecGrossDlyByte[5, 1]: phase recovery gross delay byte [5, 1]. Read-write. Reset: X.
12:8 PhRecFineDlyByte[5, 1]: phase recovery fine delay byte [5, 1]. Read-write. Reset: X.
7
Reserved.
6:5
PhRecGrossDlyByte[4, 0]: phase recovery gross delay byte [4, 0]. Read-write. Reset: X.
4:0
PhRecFineDlyByte[4, 0]: phase recovery fine delay byte [4, 0]. Read-write. Reset: X.
F2x[1, 0]9C_x52 DRAM ECC Phase Recovery Control Register
Reset: see field definitions. See F2x[1, 0]98 for register access information. This register is provides the same
function as F2x[1, 0]9C_x[51:50] for the ECC bits of the interface; see that register for more information.
Bits
Description
31:7 Reserved.
6:5
PhRecEccGrossDlyByte: phase recovery ECC gross delay byte. Read-write. Reset: X.
4:0
PhRecEccFineDlyByte: phase recovery ECC fine delay byte. Read-write. Reset: X.
F2x[1, 0]9C_x53 Write Levelization Error Register
Reset: see field definitions. See F2x[1, 0]98 for register access information. This register is used by BIOS for
hardware assisted DRAM training. See 2.8.9.9 [DRAM Training] for information on how to use this register.
Bits
Description
31:9 Reserved.
8:0
WrtLvErr: write levelization error. Read-only. Reset: X. This field indicates the phase recovery
error state which is used by BIOS for write levelization training for each byte of data and ECC. Bit[0]
applies to byte0; bit[1] applies to byte1; etc. Bit[8] indicates the ECC byte state.
F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F0[F,8:0]0[8,4,0] Data Byte Group [2:0] Pad Configuration
Revision B and earlier, RB-C2, and BL-C2: Reserved. Revision DA-C, C3 and later: See F2x[1, 0]98 for register access information. This register controls impedance for the DQ[7:0,DQS, DM] pins and should be used
only to override the default settings. The value of DctOffset[11:8] specifies the register instance while DctOffset[3:0] specifies the group within each instance, as follows:
DctOffset[11:8]
DctOffset[3:0]
0h - 7h: Data byte lane
0h: Group 0, DQ[0,1,4,5] pins
8h: ECC byte lane
4h: Group 1, DQS and DM pins
Fh: all byte lanes
8h: Group 2, DQ[2,3,6,7] pins.
Bits
Description
15:3 Reserved.
2
1:0
OdtModeInvert: ODT mode invert. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=Swap DDR2 and DDR3 encodings for
F2x[1, 0]9C_x00[ProcODT]. This allows DDR2 values to be used when F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode]=1
or DDR3 values to be used when F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode]=0.
Reserved.
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F0[F:0]13 Data Byte DLL Configuration Register
Revision B, RB-C2, and BL-C2 and earlier: Reserved. Revision DA-C, C3 and later: See F2x[1, 0]98 for register access information. The value of DctOffset[11:8] specifies the register instance accessed as follows:
Byte Lane
DctOffset[11:8]
0h - 7h
Data Byte 0 - Data Byte 7.
8h
ECC Byte.
Fh
Broadcast writes to all byte lanes. Not valid for reads.
All byte lanes should be programmed to the same value.
Bits
Description
15:8 Reserved.
7
6:0
RxDqsUDllPowerDown: Rx Dqs upper DLL power down. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=Power down
the upper receiver DQS DLL. See 2.8.9.10 [DRAM Phy Power Savings].
Reserved.
F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F0[F:0]30 Data Byte Configuration Register
Revision B, RB-C2, and BL-C2 and earlier: Reserved. Revision DA-C, C3 and later: See F2x[1, 0]98 for register access information. The value of DctOffset[11:8] specifies the register instance accessed as follows:
DctOffset[11:8]
Byte Lane
0h - 7h
Data Byte 0 - Data Byte 7
8h
ECC Byte
Fh
Broadcast writes to all byte lanes. Not valid for reads.
Bits
Description
15:5 Reserved.
4
3:0
PwrDn: power down. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=Turn off DLL circuitry for ECC bits. See 2.8.9.10
[DRAM Phy Power Savings] and F2x[1, 0]9C_x0C.
Reserved.
F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F2[F:0]30 Clock Configuration
Revision B, RB-C2, and BL-C2 and earlier: Reserved. Revision DA-C, C3 and later: See F2x[1, 0]98 for register access information. The value of DctOffset[11:8] specifies the register instance accessed. Each register
instance maps to a pair of clock pads as follows:
DCT1 pad
DctOffset[11:8] DCT0 pad
0h
MEMCLK0_H[1:0]
MEMCLK1_H[1:0]
1h
MEMCLK0_H[5:4]
MEMCLK1_H[5,2]
2h
MEMCLK0_H[3:2]
MEMCLK1_H[4:3]
3h
MEMCLK0_H[7:6]
MEMCLK1_H[7:6]
1
Fh
MEMCLK0_H[7:0]
MEMCLK1_H[7:0]
1. Broadcast write. Not valid for reads.
See 2.8.2 [DDR Pad to Processor Pin Mapping] for pad to pin mapping.
Bits
Description
15:5 Reserved.
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
4
3:0
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
PwrDn: power down. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=Turn off DLL circuitry for unused clocks. See
2.8.9.10 [DRAM Phy Power Savings].
Reserved.
F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F[9:8][F:0]0[8,4,0] C/A Pad Configuration
Reset: 0003h. See F2x[1, 0]98 for register access information. DctOffset[15:0] specifies the instance and group
number accessed as follows:
DctOffset[15:0]
Pins
8000h
CS_L[7,5,3,1]
8004h
ODT[3:0]
8008h
CS_L[6,4,2,0]
8100h
RAS_L, CAS_L, WE_L, and ADD[13]
8104h
BANK[1:0], ADD[10,0]
8108h
PAR
Bits
Description
15:14 Reserved.
13
PowerDown. Read-write. 1=Pad circuitry is turned off. 0=Pad circuitry is turned on. See 2.8.9.10
[DRAM Phy Power Savings].
12:0 Reserved.
F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0F812F C/A Tristate Control
Revision B, RB-C2, and BL-C2: Reserved. Revision DA-C, C3 and later: Reset: 0000h. See F2x[1, 0]98 for
register access information
Bits
Description
15:12 Reserved.
11:0 TristateCA[7:0]: Tri-state C/A [11:0]. Read-write. For each bit: 1=Pad associated with the pin is tristated for power savings. 0=Pad provides termination. BIOS should set this bit for unused pins. See
2.8.9.10 [DRAM Phy Power Savings].
Bit
Pin
Bit
Pin
0
PAR
1 -11
Reserved
F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0FE006 Phy PLL Lock Time
Revision B, RB-C2, and BL-C2 and earlier: Reserved. Revision DA-C, C3 and later: Cold reset: 0000 07D0h.
See F2x[1, 0]98 for register access information.
Bits
Description
15:0 PllLockTime: pll lock time. Read-write. This field specifies the number of 200 MHz clock cycles
the phy waits for PLLs to lock during a frequency change. See 2.8.9.8 [DRAM Channel Frequency
Change].
F2x[1,0]9C_x0D0FE007 Phy DLL Lock Time
Revision B, RB-C2, and BL-C2 and earlier: Reserved. Revision DA-C, C3 and later: Cold reset: 0190h. See
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
F2x[1, 0]98 for register access information.
Bits
Description
15:0 DllLockTime: dll lock time. Read-write. This field specifies the number of 200 MHz clock cycles
the phy waits for DLLs to lock during a frequency change. See 2.8.9.8 [DRAM Channel Frequency
Change].
F2x[1, 0]A0 DRAM Controller Miscellaneous Register
Reset: 0000 0000h. See 2.8.1 [DCT Configuration Registers] for general programming information about
DCT configuration registers.
Bits
Description
31:10 Reserved.
9
8:0
DramEnabled: DRAM enabled. Read-only. This bit is identical to F2x110[DramEnabled].
Reserved.
F2x[1, 0]A4 DRAM Controller Temperature Throttle Register
Revisions C and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision D and later: Reset: 0000 0000h. See 2.8.1 [DCT Configuration Registers] for general programming information about DCT configuration registers. See 2.8.13
[DRAM On DIMM Thermal Management and Power Capping] for programming information about this register.
Bits
Description
31:15 Reserved.
14:12 CmdThrottleMode: command throttle mode. Read-write. This specifies the command throttle
mode when ODTSEn=1 and either the EVENT_L pin is asserted or BwCapEn=1. The DCT throttles
commands over a rolling window of 100 clock cycles, maintaining the average throttling as specified
by this field.
000b - Command throttling is disabled.
001b - Throttle commands by 30%.
010b - Throttle commands by 50%.
011b - Throttle commands by 60%.
100b - Throttle commands by 70%.
101b - Throttle commands by 80%.
110b - Throttle commands by 90%.
111b - Throttle commands by 100%. DRAM devices are placed into power down mode (see F2x[1,
0]94[PowerDownMode]). This mode should only be used to prevent physical damage as system
timeouts may occur. This mode requires F2x[1, 0]94[PowerDownEn]=1 and F2x[1, 0]94[PowerDownMode]=0. This mode should not be used with BwCapEn.
Note: Throttling should not be enabled until after DRAM initialization (F2x110[DramEnable]=1) and
training (see 2.8.9.9 [DRAM Training]) are complete.
11
BwCapEn: bandwidth capping enable. Read-write. 1=The memory command throttle mode specified by CmdThrottleMode is applied. This bit is used by software to enable command throttling independent of the state of the EVENT_L pin.
10:9 Reserved.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
ODTSEn: on DIMM temperature sensor enable. Read-write. This enables the monitoring of the
EVENT_L pin and indicates whether the on DIMM temperature sensors of the DIMMs on a channel
are enabled. While the EVENT_L pin is asserted, the controller (a) doubles the refresh rate (if
Tref=7.8 us), and (b) throttles the address bus utilization as specified by CmdThrottleMode[2:0].
0 = ODTS disabled.
1 = ODTS enabled.
Reserved.
F2x[1, 0]A8 DRAM Controller Miscellaneous Register 2
Reset: 0000 0000h. See 2.8.1 [DCT Configuration Registers] for general programming information about DCT
configuration registers.
Bits
Description
31:19 Reserved.
18:16 DataTxFifoWrDly: data transmit FIFO write delay. Revision B: Reserved. Revision C and later:
Read-write. This field causes the DRAM controller to delay sending write data to the phy to avoid
FIFO overflow conditions.
Definition
Bits
000b
No delay.
001b
Delay by 0.5 MEMCLK.
010b
Delay by 1.0 MEMCLK.
011b
Delay by 1.5 MEMCLKs.
100b
Delay by 2.0 MEMCLKs.
All other encodings are reserved.
BIOS should program this field based on F2x[1, 0]78[RdPtrInit]:
RdPtrInit
DataTxFifoWrDly
0110b
000b
0101b
001b
0100b
If (F3x1F0[NbPstate] != 000b) then 001b; else 010b.
0011b
011b
0010b
100b
15:8 CtrlWordCS[7:0]: control word chip select. Read-write. This field specifies the target DIMM chip
selects used for control word programming. This field is used in conjunction with F2x[1, 0]7C[SendControlWord].
00000011b - CS0,CS1 is asserted.
00001100b - CS2,CS3 is asserted.
00110000b - CS4,CS5 is asserted.
11000000b - CS6,CS7 is asserted.
All other values are reserved.
7
ProgOdtEn: programmable ODT pattern enable. Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved.
Revision D and later: Read-write. 1=The state of the ODT[3:0] pins is specified by F2x[1,
0]F4_x[181:180] and F2x[1, 0]F4_x[183:182]. F2x[1, 0]A8[OdtSwizzle] must be 0 when ProgOdtEn=1. See 2.8.9.5.7 [DRAM ODT Control]. BIOS should program this bit to 1 for DDR3 mode and
0 for DDR2 mode.
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6
OdtSwizzle: ODT swizzle. Revision B: Reserved. Revision C and later: Read-write. 1= The functionality of the second and third logical ODT pins is switched. On packages that support registered
DIMMs, these are labeled as M[B, A]1_ODT[0] and M[B, A]2_ODT[0]. On packages that support
unbuffered DIMMs these are labeled as M[B, A]1_ODT[0] and M[B, A]0_ODT[1]. 0 = The functionality of the ODT pins is not switched. BIOS is recommended to program this bit on platforms in
accordance with the appropriate motherboard design guidelines as follows:
• For DDR2, program OdtSwizzle=1 if ProgOdtEn=0 and F2x[1, 0]94[FourRankRDimm]=0 and
F2x[1, 0]94[PowerDownEn]=1 and F2x[1, 0]94[PowerDownMode]=1.
• For DDR3, program OdtSwizzle=1 if ProgOdtEn=0 and Ddr3FourSocketCh=0 and F2x[1,
0]94[FourRankRDimm]=0.
• Program OdtSwizzle=0 for all other cases.
5
SubMemclkRegDly: Sub-one MEMCLK register delay. Revision B: Reserved. Revision C and
later revisions: Read-write. 1= The delay through the DIMM register and routing delay is less than 1
MEMCLK. The DCT does not add 1 MEMCLK to calculate write latency for DDR3 registered
DIMMs. 0 = The delay through the DIMM register and routing delay is at least 1 MEMCLK. The
DCT adds 1 MEMCLK to calculate write latency for DDR3 registered DIMMs.
4:3
Reserved.
2
Ddr3FourSocketCh: DDR3 four DIMMs per channel support. Revision B: Reserved. Revision C
and later: Read-write. 1= 3 or 4 DDR3 DIMM sockets are supported per channel. 0= Up to 2 DDR3
DIMM sockets are supported per channel. This bit must be programmed to the same state for both
DRAM controllers.
1
ActiveCmdAtRst: active command signals reset. Read-write. 1=Drive DDR command signals
(RAS_L, CAS_L, WE_L) low when MEMRST_L is transitioning from low to high. Before CKE is
asserted, drive the DDR command signals high. 0=Drive all DDR interface signals high when
MEMRST_L is transitioning from low to high. BIOS should program this bit to 1 if F2x[1,
0]94[Ddr3Mode]=0 and F2x[1, 0]90[ParEn]=1; otherwise leave this bit at 0.
0
Reserved.
F2xAC DRAM Controller Temperature Status Register
Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision D: Cold reset: 0000 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:3 Reserved.
2
MemTempHot1: Memory temperature hot, DCT1. Read; Write-1-to-clear. 1=The EVENT_L pin
was asserted indicating the memory temperature exceeded the normal operating limit; the DCT may
be throttling the interface to aid in cooling (see F2x[1, 0]A4).
1
Reserved.
0
MemTempHot0: Memory temperature hot, DCT0. Read; Write-1-to-clear. 1=The EVENT_L pin
was asserted indicating the memory temperature exceeded the normal operating limit; the DCT may
be throttling the interface to aid in cooling (see F2x[1, 0]A4).
F2x[1, 0]F0 DRAM Controller Extra Data Offset Register
Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision D and later: Reset: 8000 0000h. The DCTs each include
an array of registers called F2x[1, 0]F4_x[FFFFFFF:0], which are defined following F2x[1, 0]F4. [The DRAM
Controller Extra Data Offset Register] F2x[1, 0]F0 and [The DRAM Controller Extra Data Port] F2x[1, 0]F4
are used to access F2x[1, 0]F4_x[FFFFFFF:0]. The register number (i.e., the number that follows “_x” in the
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register mnemonic) is specified by F2x[1, 0]F0[DctOffset]. Access to these registers is accomplished as follows:
• Reads:
• Write the register number to F2x[1, 0]F0[DctOffset] with F2x[1, 0]F0[DctAccessWrite]=0.
• Poll F2x[1, 0]F0[DctAccessDone] until it is high.
• Read the register contents from F2x[1, 0]F4.
• Writes:
• Write all 32 bits to the register data to F2x[1, 0]F4 (individual byte writes are not supported).
• Write the register number to F2x[1, 0]F0[DctOffset] with F2x[1, 0]F0[DctAccessWrite]=1.
• Poll F2x[1, 0]F0[DctAccessDone] until it is high to ensure that the contents of the write have been delivered.
Bits
Description
31
DctAccessDone: DRAM controller access done. Read-only. 1=The access to one of the F2x[1,
0]F4_x[FFFFFFF:0] registers is complete. 0=The access is still in progress.
30
DctAccessWrite: DRAM controller read/write select. Read-write. 0=Read one of the F2x[1,
0]F4_x[FFFFFFF:0] registers. 1=Write one of the F2x[1, 0]F4_x[FFFFFFF:0] registers.
29:28 Reserved.
27:0 DctOffset: DRAM controller offset. Read-write.
F2x[1, 0]F4 DRAM Controller Extra Data Port
See F2x[1, 0]F0 for details about this port.
F2x[1, 0]F4_x[181:180] DCT ODT Control [High:Low] Registers
Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision D and later: Cold reset: 0000_0000h. See F2x[1, 0]F0 for
register access information. This register is used by BIOS to specify the state of the ODT pins during DDR
reads. F2x[1, 0]F4_x180 is used to control chip selects 0-3. F2x[1, 0]F4_x181 is used to control chip selects 47. See 2.8.9.5.7 [DRAM ODT Control] for more information.
Bits
Description
31:28 Reserved.
27:24 RdOdtPatCs[7, 3]: read ODT pattern chip select [7, 3]. See RdOdtPatCs[4, 0].
23:20 Reserved.
19:16 RdOdtPatCs[6, 2]: read ODT pattern chip select [6, 2]. See RdOdtPatCs[4, 0].
15:12 Reserved.
11:8 RdOdtPatCs[5, 1]: read ODT pattern chip select [5, 1]. See RdOdtPatCs[4, 0].
7:4
Reserved.
3:0
RdOdtPatCs[4, 0]: read ODT pattern chip select [4, 0]. Read-write. This field represents the state
of ODT[3:0] pins when a read occurs to the specified chip select.
F2x[1, 0]F4_x[183:182] DCT ODT Control [High:Low] Registers
Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision D and later: Cold reset: 0000_0000h. See F2x[1, 0]F0 for
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register access information. This register is used by BIOS to specify the state of the ODT pins during DDR
writes. F2x[1, 0]F4_x182 is used to control chip selects 0-3. F2x[1, 0]F4_x183 is used to control chip selects 47. See 2.8.9.5.7 [DRAM ODT Control] for more information.
Bits
Description
31:28 Reserved.
27:24 WrOdtPatCs[7, 3]: write ODT pattern chip select [7, 3]. See WrOdtPatCs[4, 0].
23:20 Reserved.
19:16 WrOdtPatCs[6, 2]: write ODT pattern chip select [6, 2]. See WrOdtPatCs[4, 0].
15:12 Reserved.
11:8 WrOdtPatCs[5, 1]: write ODT pattern chip select [5, 1]. See WrOdtPatCs[4, 0].
7:4
Reserved.
3:0
WrOdtPatCs[4, 0]: write ODT pattern chip select [4, 0]. Read-write. This field represents the state
of ODT[3:0] pins when a write occurs to the specified chip select.
F2xF8 P-state Power Information Register
Revision C and earlier: Reserved.
Revision D and later: All fields are read-only.
Bits
Description
31:24 PwrValue3. This field applies to P-state 3. See PwrValue0.
23:16 PwrValue2. This field applies to P-state 2. See PwrValue0.
15:8 PwrValue1. This field applies to P-state 1. See PwrValue0.
7:0
PwrValue0. F2xF8[PwrValue0] and F2xFC[PwrDiv0] combine to specify the expected power draw
of a single CPU core and 1/numCores of the Northbridge in P-state 0.
F2xFC P-state Power Information Register 2
Revision C and earlier: Reserved.
Revision D and later: All fields are read-only.
Bits
Description
17:16 PwrDiv4. This field applies to P-state 4. See F2xF8[PwrValue0].
15:14 PwrDiv3. This field applies to P-state 3. See F2xF8[PwrValue0].
13:12 PwrDiv2. This field applies to P-state 2. See F2xF8[PwrValue0].
11:10 PwrDiv1. This field applies to P-state 1. See F2xF8[PwrValue0].
9:8
PwrDiv0. This field applies to P-state 0. See F2xF8[PwrValue0].
7:0
PwrValue4. This field applies to P-state 4. See F2xF8[PwrValue0].
F2x10C Swap Interleaved Region Base/Limit Register
Reset: 0000 0000h. Revision C2 and earlier and revision D: Reserved. Revision C3 and E: Enables swapping a
region below 16G with the same sized region located at the bottom of memory. This register is typically used to
map addresses of a graphics frame buffer located below the sub-4GB IO hole to interleaved DRAM in low
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memory, and is only necessary if the frame buffer normally maps to non-interleaved memory.
• The size of the swapped high region must be a integer multiple of 128M, defined to be {F2x10C[IntLvRegionBase],000b,000000h} to {F2x10C[IntLvRegionLimit],111b,FFFFFFh}.
• The size of the swapped region must be less than or equal to the alignment of F2x10C[IntLvRegionBase].
• e.g. if F2x10C[IntLvRegionBase]=2h then size <=256MB and BIOS programs F2x10C[IntLvRegionLimit] <= F2x10C[IntLvRegionBase]+1h.
• It is expected that BIOS may program F2x10C[IntLvRegionBase] to a value less than the base address of
the graphics frame buffer if realignment is necessary to achieve a larger swap size.
• The location of the low region is defined to be 0000_0000h to {F2x10C[IntLvRegionLimit]F2x10C[IntLvRegionBase],111b,FFFFFFh}.
• The swapped region must be all DRAM. I.e. No IO hole.
• Channel interleaving must be enabled and the DCTs must be of unequal size.
• Swapping must not be enabled on more than one node, and F1x[1, 0][7C:40][DramBase] must be zero.
• See F2x110[DctSelIntLvEn]. See 2.8.11 [Memory Hoisting] for programming information. See 2.8.6 [Routing DRAM Requests].
Bits
Description
31:27 Reserved.
26:20 IntLvRgnSize[33:27]: Interleave swap region size bits[33:27]. Read-write. Interleave swap region
size [33:27].
19:18 Reserved.
17:11 IntLvRgnLmtAddr[33:27]: Interleave swap region limit address bits[33:27]. Read-write. Interleave swap region limit address [33:27].
10
Reserved.
9:3
IntLvRgnBaseAddr[33:27]: Interleave swap region base address bits[33:27]. Read-write. Interleave swap region base address [33:27].
2:1
Reserved.
0
IntLvRgnSwapEn: Interleave region swap enable. Read-write. 1=Enables swapping a region from
the top of memory to the bottom of DRAM space.
F2x110 DRAM Controller Select Low Register
Reset: 0000 0000h.
Bits Description
31:11 DctSelBaseAddr[47:27]: DRAM controller select base address bits[47:27]. Read-write. If the
DCTs are unganged (based on DctGangEn), this delineates the address range of the two DCTs by
specifying the base address of the upper address range.
10
MemCleared: memory cleared. Read-only. 1=Memory has been cleared since the last warm reset.
This bit is set by MemClrInit. See MemClrInit below.
9
MemClrBusy: memory clear busy. Read-only. 1=The memory clear operation in either of the DCTs
is in progress. Reads or writes to DRAM while the memory clear operation is in progress result in
undefined behavior. See MemClrInit.
8
DramEnable: DRAM enabled. Read-only. 1=All of the used DCTs are initialized (see 2.8.9.6
[DRAM Device and Controller Initialization]) or have exited from self refresh (F2x[1, 0]90[ExitSelfRef] transitions from 1 to 0).
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7:6
DctSelIntLvAddr: DRAM controller select channel interleave address bit. Read-write. This specifies how interleaving is selected between the DCTs. In all cases, if the select function is low then
DCT0 is selected; if the select function is high then DCT1 is selected. The select function is dependent on DctSelIntLvAddr and F1x124[DramIntlvEn] as follows:
DctSelIntLvAddr F1x124[DramIntlvEn]
DCT Select Function
00b
xxxb
Address bit 6.
01b
000b
Address bit 12.
01b
001b
Address bit 13.
01b
011b
Address bit 14.
01b
111b
Address bit 15.
10b
xxxb
Hash: exclusive OR of address bits[20:16, 6].
11b
xxxb
Hash1: exclusive OR of address bits[20:16, 9].
1. This encoding is reserved for revision B and earlier.
All other encodings are reserved.
5
DctDatIntLv: DRAM controller data interleave enable. Read-write. 1=DRAM data bits from
every two consecutive 64-bit DRAM lines are interleaved in the ECC calculation such that a dead bit
of a DRAM device is correctable. If ECC is enabled and the DCT is unganged (DctGangEn=0), DctDatIntLv should be enabled. See 2.12.2 [DRAM Considerations for ECC] for more information.
4
DctGangEn: DRAM controller ganging enable. Read-write. 1=Both DCTs are ganged to form a
single double-width DDR interface. 0=The DCTs operate independently. This also affects DCT configuration registers; see 2.8.1 [DCT Configuration Registers] and 2.8.5 [Ganged or Unganged Mode
Considerations]. Note, if ganging is to be enabled, this bit must be set prior to programming any DCT
registers.
3
MemClrInit: memory clear initialization. Write only; reads as 0. 1=The node writes 0’s to all locations of system memory attached to the node and sets the MemCleared bit. The memory clear operation is complete when MemCleared=1 and MemClrBusy=0. This command is ignored if
MemClrBusy=1 when the command is received. Note: DramEnable must be set before setting MemClrInit. The memory prefetcher (see F2x11C) must be disabled before memory clear initialization and
then can be re-enabled when MemCleared=1.
2
DctSelIntLvEn: DRAM controller interleave enable. Read-write. 1=Channel interleave is enabled;
DctSelIntLvAddr specifies which address bit is used to select between DCT0 and DCT1; this applies
from the base system memory address of the node (specified by [The DRAM Base/Limit Registers]
F1x[1, 0][7C:40]) to DctSelBaseAddr (if enabled). If the amount of memory connected to each of the
DCTs is different, then channel interleaving may be supported across the address range that includes
both DCTs, the top of which is specified by DctSelBaseAddr; the remainder of the address space,
above DctSelBaseAddr, would then be allocated to only the DCT connected to the larger amount of
memory, specified by DctSelHi.
1
DctSelHi: DRAM controller high select. Read-write. If DctSelHiRngEn is set, this specifies which
DCT receives accesses with addresses in the high range (greater than or equal to DctSelBaseAddr).
0=High addresses go to DCT0. 1=High addresses go to DCT1.
0
DctSelHiRngEn: DRAM controller select high range enable. Read-write. 1=Enables addresses
greater than or equal to DctSelBaseAddr[47:27] to be used to select between DCT0 and DCT1; DctSelHi specifies which DCT occupies the high range. Note: if DctGangEn=1, then this bit is not used.
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F2x114 DRAM Controller Select High Register
Reset: 0000 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:10 DctSelBaseOffset[47:26]: DRAM controller select base offset address bits[47:26]. Read-write.
When F2x110[DctSelHiRngEn]=1, this value is subtracted from the physical address of certain
transactions before being passed to the DCT. See 2.8.11.2 [DctSelBaseOffset Programming] for
programming information.
9:0
Reserved.
F2x118 Memory Controller Configuration Low Register
Fields in this register (bits[17:0]) indicate priority of request types. These are encoded as follows:
Low
01b
Medium
00b
High
10b
Variable
11b
Variable priority requests enter the memory controller as medium priority and are promoted to high priority if
they have not been serviced in the time specified by MctVarPriCntLmt. This feature may be useful for isochronous IO traffic. If isochronous traffic is specified to be high priority, it may have an adverse effect on the bandwidth and performance of the devices associated with the other types of traffic. However, if isochronous traffic
is specified as medium priority, the processor may not meet the isochronous bandwidth and latency requirements. The variable priority allows the memory controller to optimize DRAM transactions until isochronous
traffic reaches a time threshold and must be serviced more quickly.
Bits
Description
31:28 MctVarPriCntLmt: variable priority time limit. Read-write. Reset: 0000b.
0000b = 80ns
0100b = 400ns
1000b = 720ns
1100b = 1040ns
0001b = 160ns
0101b = 480ns
1001b = 800ns
1101b = 1120ns
0010b = 240ns
0110b = 560ns
1010b = 880ns
1110b = 1200ns
0011b = 320ns
0111b = 640ns
1011b = 960ns
1111b = 1280ns
27
Reserved.
26:24 McqHiPriByPassMax: memory controller high priority bypass max. Read-write. Reset: 100b.
Specifies the number of times a medium- or low-priority DRAM request may be bypassed by highpriority DRAM requests.
23
Reserved.
22:20 McqMedPriByPassMax: memory controller medium bypass low priority max. Read-write.
Reset: 100b. Specifies the number of times a low-priority DRAM request may be bypassed by
medium-priority DRAM requests.
19:18 Reserved.
17:16 MctPriScrub: scrubber priority. Read-write. Reset: medium (00b).
15:14 MctPriTrace: trace-mode request priority. Read-write. Reset: high (10b). This must be set to high.
13:12 MctPriIsoc: display refresh read priority. Read-write. Reset: high (10b). See 2.6.4.2.5 [Display
Refresh And IFCM].
11:10 MctPriWr: default write priority. Read-write. Reset: low (01b).
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9:8
MctPriDefault: default non-write priority. Read-write. Reset: medium (00b).
7:6
MctPriIsocWr: IO write with the isoch bit set priority. Read-write. Reset: medium (00b). This
does not apply to isochronous traffic that is classified as display refresh.
5:4
MctPriIsocRd: IO read with the isoch bit set priority. Read-write. Reset: high (10b). This does not
apply to isochronous traffic that is classified as display refresh.
3:2
MctPriCpuWr: CPU write priority. Read-write. Reset: low (01b).
1:0
MctPriCpuRd: CPU read priority. Read-write. Reset: medium (00b).
F2x11C Memory Controller Configuration High Register
The two main functions of this register are to control write bursting and memory prefetching.
Write bursting. DctWrLimit and MctWrLimit specify how writes may be burst from the MCT into the DCT to
improve DRAM efficiency. When the number of writes in the MCT reaches the value specified in MctWrLimit, then they are all burst to the DCTs at once. Prior to reaching the watermark, a limited number of
writes can be passed to the DCTs (specified by DctWrLimit), tagged as low priority, for the DCTs to complete
when otherwise idle. Rules regarding write bursting:
• Write bursting mode only applies to low-priority writes. Medium and high priority writes are not withheld
from the DCTs for write bursting.
• If write bursting is enabled, writes stay in the MCQ until the threshold specified by MctWrLimit is reached.
• Once the threshold is reached, all writes in MCQ are converted to medium priority.
• Any write in MCQ that matches the address of a subsequent access is promoted to either medium priority or
the priority of the subsequent access, whichever is higher.
• DctWrLimit only applies to low-priority writes.
Memory prefetching. The MCT prefetcher detects stride patterns in the stream of requests and then, for predictable stride patterns, generates prefetch requests. A stride pattern is a pattern of requests through system
memory that are the same number of cachelines apart. The prefetcher supports strides of -4 to +4 cachelines,
which can include alternating patterns (e.g. +1, +2, +1, +2), and can prefetch 1, 2 or 3 cachelines ahead, on
revision C and earlier revisions, or 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 cachelines ahead, on revision D and later, depending on the
confidence. In addition, a fixed stride mode (non-alternating) may be used for IO requests which often have
fixed stride patterns. This mode bypasses the stride predictor such that CPU-access stride predictions are not
adversely affected by IO streams.
The MCT tracks several stride patterns simultaneously. Each of these has a confidence level associated with it
that varies as follows:
• Each time a request is received that matches the stride pattern, the confidence level increases by one.
• Each time a request is received within +/- 4 cachelines of the last requested cacheline in the pattern that does
not match the pattern, then the confidence level decreases by one.
• When the confidence level reaches the saturation point specified by PrefConfSat, then it no-longer increments.
Each request that is not within +/- 4 cachelines of the last requested cacheline line of all the stride patterns
tracked initiates a new stride pattern by displacing one of the existing least-recently-used stride patterns.
For revision C and later revisions, the memory prefetcher uses an adaptive prefetch scheme to adjust the
prefetch distance based upon the buffer space available for prefetch request data. The adaptive scheme counts
the total number of prefetch requests and the number of prefetch requests that cannot return data because of
buffer availability. After every 16 prefetch requests, the prefetcher uses the following rules to adjust the
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prefetch distance:
• If the ratio of prefetch requests that cannot return data to total prefetch requests is greater than or equal to
F2x1B0[AdapPrefMissRatio] then the prefetch distance is reduced by F2x1B0[AdapPrefNegativeStep].
• If the ratio of prefetch requests that cannot return data to total prefetch requests is less than F2x1B0[AdapPrefMissRatio] then the prefetch distance is increased by F2x1B0[AdapPrefPositiveStep].
• If the adjusted prefetch distance is greater than the prefetch distance defined for the current confidence level,
the prefetch distance for the current confidence level is used.
The adaptive prefetch scheme supports fractional prefetch distances by alternating between two whole number
prefetch distances. For example a prefetch distance of 1.25 causes a prefetch distance sequence of: 1, 1, 1, 2, 1,
1, 1, 2.
• For revision B the following settings should be used:
PrefThreeConf = 7
PrefTwoConf = 7
PrefOneConf = 2
PrefConfSat = 1
MctWrLimit = 10h
DctWrLimit = 0
• For revision C and later revisions the following settings should be used:
PrefThreeConf = 6
PrefTwoConf = 3
PrefOneConf = 2
PrefConfSat = 0
DctWrLimit = 0
• For revision C, the following setting should be used: MctWrLimit = 10h.
• For revision D and later, the following setting should be used:
If the DCTs are unganged then MctWrLimit = 18h, else MctWrLimit = 10h.
Note: BIOS should enable prefetching by clearing F2x11C[PrefIoDis] and F2x11C[PrefCpuDis].
Bits
Description
31
MctScrubEn: MCT scrub enable. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=Enables periodic flushing of prefetches
and writes based on the DRAM scrub rate. This is used to ensure that prefetch and write data aging is
not so long that soft errors accumulate and become uncorrectable. When enabled, each DRAM scrub
event causes a single prefetch to be de-allocated (the oldest one) and all queued writes to be flushed to
DRAM.
30
FlushWr: flush writes command. Read; write-1-only. Reset: 0. Setting this bit causes write bursting
to be cancelled and all outstanding writes to be flushed to DRAM. This bit is cleared when all writes
are flushed to DRAM
29
FlushWrOnStpGnt: flush writes on stop-grant. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=Causes write bursting to
be cancelled and all outstanding writes to be flushed to DRAM when in the stop-grant state. This bit
should be set to ensure writes are drained to DRAM before reset is asserted for the suspend-to-RAM
state.
28
PrefDramTrainMode: prefetch DRAM training mode. Read-write; cleared-by-hardware. Reset: 0.
1=Enable DRAM training mode. Hardware clears this bit when the prefetch request limit is reached.
Writing a zero to this bit clears the prefetch buffer and disables the DRAM training mode prefetcher.
BIOS must write a zero to this bit after training is complete. This bit is valid only when F2x[1,
0]94[BurstLength32]=0 or when F2x[1, 0]94[Ddr3Mode]=1. See 2.8.9.9.6 [Continuous Pattern Generation].
27:25 PrefThreeConf: prefetch three-ahead confidence. Read-write. Revision C and earlier revisions:
Reset: 110b. Revision D and later: Reset: 100b. Confidence level required in order to prefetch three
cachelines ahead (same encoding as PrefTwoConf below).
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24:22 PrefTwoConf: prefetch two-ahead confidence. Read-write. Reset: 011b. Confidence level required
in order to prefetch two cachelines ahead.
000b = 0
001b = 2
...
111b = 14
21:20 PrefOneConf: prefetch one-ahead confidence. Read-write. Reset: 10b. Confidence level required
in order to prefetch one ahead (0 through 3).
19:18 PrefConfSat: prefetch confidence saturation. Read-write. Reset: 00. Specifies the point at which
prefetch confidence level saturates and stops incrementing.
00b = 15
01b = 7
10b = 3
11b = Reserved.
17:16 PrefFixDist: prefetch fixed stride distance. Read-write. Reset: 00b. Specifies the distance to
prefetch ahead if in fixed stride mode. 00b=1 cacheline; 01b=2 cachelines; 10b=3 cachelines; 11b=4
cachelines.
15
PrefFixStrideEn: prefetch fixed stride enable. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=The prefetch stride for all
requests (CPU and IO) is fixed (non-alternating).
14
PrefIoFixStrideEn: Prefetch IO fixed stride enable. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=The prefetch stride for
IO requests is fixed (non-alternating).
13
PrefIoDis: prefetch IO-access disable. Read-write. Reset: 1. 1=Disables IO requests from triggering
prefetch requests.
12
PrefCpuDis: prefetch CPU-access disable. Read-write. Reset: 1. 1=Disables CPU requests from
triggering prefetch requests.
11:7 MctPrefReqLimit: memory controller prefetch request limit. Read-write. Reset: Revision C and
earlier revisions: 1Fh (31). Revision D and later: 1Eh (30). Specifies the maximum number of outstanding prefetch requests allowed. See F3x78 for restrictions on this field.
6:2
MctWrLimit: memory controller write-burst limit. Read-write. Reset: 1_1111b. Specifies the
number of writes in the memory controller queue before they are burst into the DCTs.
00000b = 32.
00001b = 31.
...
11110b = 2.
11111b = Write bursting disabled.
1:0
DctWrLimit: DRAM controller write limit. Read-write. Reset: 00b. Specifies the maximum number of writes allowed in the DCT queue when write bursting is enabled, prior to when the number of
writes in MCQ exceeds the watermark specified by MctWrLimit.
Revisions C and earlier revisions
Revision D and later
00b = 0
00b = 0
01b = 1
01b = 2
10b = 2
10b = 4
11b = no limit.
11b = 8
F2x1B0 Extended Memory Controller Configuration Low Register
Revision B: Reserved. Revision C and later: The main function of this register is to control the memory
prefetcher. See F2x11C for more details of the adaptive prefetch scheme.
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Bits
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Description
31:28 DcqBwThrotWm: dcq bandwidth throttle watermark. Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved.
Revision D and later: Read-write. Reset: 3h. Specifies the number of outstanding DRAM read
requests before new DRAM prefetch requests and speculative prefetch requests are throttled.
0h=Throttling is disabled. Legal values are 0h through Ch. BIOS should program this field based on
the DRAM speed as follows:
Memory Speed Watermark
DDR667
4h.
DDR800
5h.
DDR1066
6h.
DDR13338h.
27:25 PrefFiveConf: prefetch five-ahead confidence. Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision D and later: Read-write. Reset: 110b. Confidence level required in order to prefetch five cachelines ahead. BIOS should program this to 111b.
000b = 0
001b = 2
...
111b = 14
24:22 PrefFourConf: prefetch four-ahead confidence. Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision D and later: Read-write. Reset: 101b. Confidence level required in order to prefetch four cachelines ahead. BIOS should program this to 111b.
000b = 0
001b = 2
...
111b = 14
21:20 Reserved.
19:18 Reserved.
17:15 SpecPrefThreshold: speculative prefetch threshold. Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved.
Revision D and later: Read-write. Reset: 111b. This field specifies the threshold for the per core hit
counters. The counters increment on every hit and decrement on every miss. The counters saturate at
64. The L3 predictor predicts if the per core counter is greater than:
000b = Always predict hit.
100b = 32
001b = 8
101b = 40
010b = 16
110b = 48
011b = 24
111b = 56
14
SpecPrefMis: speculative prefetch predict miss. Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision D and later: Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=The L3 predictor always predicts miss for L3 demand reads.
This bit overrides the setting in SpecPrefThreshold.
13
SpecPrefDis: speculative prefetch disable. Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision D
and later: Read-write. Reset: 0b. 1=Disable the L3 speculative miss prefetcher.
12
EnSplitDctLimits: split DCT write limits enable. Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision D and later: Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=The number of writes specified by F2x11C[DctWrLmt and
MctWrLmt] is per DCT. 0=The number of writes specified by F2x11C[DctWrLmt and MctWrLmt] is
total writes independent of DCT. Setting this bit also affects the encoding of F2x11C[DctWrLmt]. If
the DCTs are unganged, BIOS should program this to 1; else leave this field at 0.
11
DisIoCohPref: disable coherent prefetched for IO. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=Probes are not generated for prefetches generated for reads from IO devices.
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10:8 CohPrefPrbLmt: coherent prefetch probe limit. Read-write. Reset: 000b. Specifies the maximum
number of probes that can be outstanding for memory prefetch requests. BIOS should program this to
001b unless the probe filter is enabled. If the probe filter is enabled, BIOS should leave this field at
000b. See 2.6.5.1 [Probe Filter].
000b = Probing disabled for memory prefetch requests.
001b = 4 outstanding probes.
010b = 8 outstanding probes.
011b = 16 outstanding probes.
1xxb = reserved.
7:6
Reserved.
5:4
AdapPrefNegativeStep: adaptive prefetch negative step. Read-write. Reset: 00b. Specifies the step
size that the adaptive prefetch scheme uses when decreasing the prefetch distance. BIOS should leave
this field at default.
00b = 8/16
01b = 2/16
10b = 4/16
11b = 16/16
3:2
AdapPrefPositiveStep: adaptive prefetch positive step. Read-write. Reset: 00b. Specifies the step
size that the adaptive prefetch scheme uses when increasing the prefetch distance. BIOS should leave
this field at default.
00b = 1/16
01b = 2/16
10b = 4/16
11b = 8/16
1:0
AdapPrefMissRatio: adaptive prefetch miss ratio. Read-write. Reset: 00b. Specifies the ratio of
prefetch requests that do not have data buffer available to the total number of prefetch requests at
which the adaptive prefetch scheme begins decreasing the prefetch distance. BIOS should program
this to 01b.
00b = 1/16
01b = 2/16
10b = 4/16
11b = 8/16
3.6
Function 3 Miscellaneous Control Registers
See 3.1 [Register Descriptions and Mnemonics] for a description of the register naming convention. See 2.11
[Configuration Space] for details about how to access this space.
F3x00 Device/Vendor ID Register
Reset: 1203 1022h.
Bits
Description
31:16 DeviceID: device ID. Read-only.
15:0 VendorID: vendor ID. Read-only.
F3x04 Status/Command Register
Reset: 0000 0000h, except bit[20]; see below.
Bits
Description
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31:16 Status. Read-only. Bit[20] is set to indicate the existence of a PCI-defined capability block, if one
exists.
15:0 Command. Read-only.
F3x08 Class Code/Revision ID Register
Reset: 0600 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:8 ClassCode. Read-only. Provides the host bridge class code as defined in the PCI specification.
7:0
RevID: revision ID. Read-only.
F3x0C Header Type Register
Reset: 0080 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:0 HeaderTypeReg. Read-only. These bits are fixed at their default values. The header type field
indicates that there are multiple functions present in this device.
F3x34 Capability Pointer Register
Reset: 0000 00??h.
Bits
Description
31:8 Reserved.
7:0
CapPtr. Read-only. Specifies the configuration-space offset of the capabilities pointer. If a capability
block is enabled, this reads a F0h; otherwise it is 00h.
F3x40 MCA NB Control Register
Reset: 0000 0000h. The machine check registers are used to configure the Machine Check Architecture (MCA)
functions of the Northbridge (NB) hardware and to provide a method for the NB to report errors in a way compatible with MCA. All of the NB MCA registers, except [The MCA NB Configuration Register] F3x44, are
accessible through the MCA-defined MSR method, as well as through PCI configuration space. This register is
also accessible through MSR0000_0410. The NB control mask register is formatted identically to this register
and is accessible through MSRC001_0048 (see MSRC001_00[49:44]).
F3x40 enables MCA reporting of each error checked by the NB. The global MCA error enables must also be
set through [The Global Machine Check Exception Reporting Control Register (MCG_CTL)]
MSR0000_017B. The error enables in this register only affect error reporting through MCA. Actions which the
NB may take in addition to MCA reporting are enabled through [The MCA NB Configuration Register] F3x44.
Correctable and uncorrectable errors are logged in [The MCA NB Status Low Register] F3x48, [The MCA NB
Status High Register] F3x4C, [The MCA NB Address Low Register] F3x50, and [The DRAM Scrub Address
High Register] F3x60 as they occur, as specified by F3x4C[Over]. Uncorrectable errors immediately result in a
Machine Check exception. Correctable errors only increment a counter in [The NB Machine Check Misc
(Thresholding) Registers] F3x1[78, 70, 68, 60], which may result in a Machine Check exception or a System
Management Interrupt.
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Bit
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Description
31:28 Reserved.
27
TblWlkDatErrEn: table walk data error enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA reporting of uncorrectable errors in returned data from a DEV or GART table walk.
26
NbArrayParEn: Northbridge array parity error reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA
reporting of parity errors in the NB arrays.
25
McaUsPwDatErrEn: MCA upstream data error enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA reporting of
upstream posted writes in which the link error bits indicate a data error.
24
SyncPkt3En: link 3 sync packet error reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA reporting of
link-defined sync error packets detected on link 3. The NB floods its outgoing links with sync packets
after detecting a sync packet on an incoming link independent of the state of this bit.
23
CrcErr3En: link 3 CRC error reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA reporting of CRC
errors detected on link 3 (see the description of CRC Error in Table 92). The NB floods its outgoing
links with sync packets after detecting a CRC error on an incoming link independent of the state of
this bit.
22
RtryHt3En: link 3 retry reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA reporting of retries on link
3.
21
RtryHt2En: link 2 retry reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA reporting of retries on link
2.
20
RtryHt1En: link 1 retry reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA reporting of retries on link
1.
19
RtryHt0En: link 0 retry reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA reporting of retries on link
0.
18
DramParEn: DRAM parity error reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA reporting of parity errors on the DRAM address or control signals.
17
HtDataEn: link data error reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA reporting of packets
with data errors detected on links.
16
ProtEn: protocol error reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA reporting of protocol errors
detected on links or in the L3 cache. When possible, this enable should be cleared before initiating a
warm reset to avoid logging spurious errors due to RESET# signal skew.
15
L3ArrayUCEn: L3 cache array uncorrectable error reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables
MCA reporting of uncorrectable errors in the L3 cache arrays.
14
L3ArrayCorEn: L3 cache array correctable error reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA
reporting of correctable errors in the L3 cache arrays.
13
DevErrEn: DEV error reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA reporting of SVM DEV
errors.
12
WDTRptEn: watchdog timer error reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA reporting of
watchdog timer errors. The watchdog timer checks for NB system accesses for which a response is
expected but no response is received. See [The MCA NB Configuration Register] F3x44 for information regarding configuration of the watchdog timer duration. Note that this bit does not affect operation of the watchdog timer in terms of its ability to complete an access that would otherwise cause a
system hang. This bit only affects whether such errors are reported through MCA.
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11
AtomicRMWEn: atomic read-modify-write error reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA
reporting of atomic read-modify-write (RMW) commands received from an IO link. Atomic RMW
commands are not supported. An atomic RMW command results in a link error response being generated back to the requesting IO device. The generation of the link error response is not affected by this
bit.
10
GartTblWkEn: GART table walk error reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA reporting
of GART cache table walks which encounter a GART PTE entry which is invalid.
9
TgtAbortEn: target abort error reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA reporting of target
aborts to a link. The NB returns an error response back to the requestor with any associated data all 1s
independent of the state of this bit.
8
MstrAbortEn: master abort error reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA reporting of
master aborts to a link. The NB returns an error response back to the requestor with any associated
data all 1s independent of the state of this bit.
7
SyncPkt2En: link 2 sync packet error reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA reporting of
link-defined sync error packets detected on link 2. The NB floods its outgoing links with sync packets
after detecting a sync packet on an incoming link independent of the state of this bit.
6
SyncPkt1En: link 1 sync packet error reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA reporting of
link-defined sync error packets detected on link 1. The NB floods its outgoing links with sync packets
after detecting a sync packet on an incoming link independent of the state of this bit.
5
SyncPkt0En: link 0 sync packet error reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA reporting of
link-defined sync error packets detected on link 0. The NB floods its outgoing links with sync packets
after detecting a sync packet on an incoming link independent of the state of this bit.
4
CrcErr2En: link 2 CRC error reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA reporting of CRC
errors detected on link 2 (see the description of CRC Error in Table 92). The NB floods its outgoing
links with sync packets after detecting a CRC error on an incoming link independent of the state of
this bit.
3
CrcErr1En: link 1 CRC error reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA reporting of CRC
errors detected on link 1 (see the description of CRC Error in Table 92). The NB floods its outgoing
links with sync packets after detecting a CRC error on an incoming link independent of the state of
this bit.
2
CrcErr0En: link 0 CRC error reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA reporting of CRC
errors detected on link 0 (see the description of CRC Error in Table 92). The NB floods its outgoing
links with sync packets after detecting a CRC error on an incoming link independent of the state of
this bit.
1
UECCEn: uncorrectable ECC error reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA reporting of
DRAM uncorrectable ECC errors which are detected in the NB. If masked in MCi_CTL_MASK, the
ECC error is not detected or logged.
0
CECCEn: correctable ECC error reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA reporting of
DRAM correctable ECC errors which are detected in the NB. If masked in MCi_CTL_MASK, the
ECC error is detected and corrected, but not logged.
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F3x44 MCA NB Configuration Register
Reset: 0080 0000h. See [The Extended NB MCA Configuration Register] F3x180. Generally, it is expected
that the fields of this register are programmed to the same value in all nodes (except for bit fields used for
error injection, SubLinkSel, GenCrcErrByte1, GenCrcErrByte0, LdtLinkSel).
Bits
Description
31
NbMcaLogEn: Northbridge MCA log enable. Read-write. 1=Enables logging (but not reporting) of
NB MCA errors even if MCA is not globally enabled.
30
SyncOnDramAdrParErrEn: sync flood on DRAM address parity error enable. Read-write.
1=Enables sync flood on detection of a DRAM address parity error. BIOS should set this bit to 1 for
normal operation.
29
DisMstAbtCpuErrRsp: master abort CPU error response disable. Read-write. 1=Disables master
abort reporting through the CPU MCA error-reporting banks.
28
DisTgtAbtCpuErrRsp: target abort CPU error response disable. Read-write. 1=Disables target
abort reporting through the CPU MCA error-reporting banks.
27
NbMcaToMstCpuEn: machine check errors to master CPU only. Read-write. 1=NB MCA errors
in a CMP device are reported only to the node base core (NBC), and the NB MCA registers in MSR
space (MSR0000_0410, MSR0000_0411, MSR0000_0412, MSR0000_0413, MSRC000_04[0A:08],
MSRC001_0048) are only accessible from the NBC; reads of these MSRs from other cores return 0’s
and writes are ignored. This field does not affect PCI-defined configuration space accesses to these
registers, which are accessible from all cores. See 3.1 [Register Descriptions and Mnemonics] for a
description of MSR space and PCI-defined configuration space. 0=NB MCA errors may be reported
to the core that originated the request, if applicable and known, and the NB MCA registers in MSR
space are accessible from any core.
Notes:
• When the CPU which originated the request is known, it is stored in F3x4C[ErrCPU], regardless of
the setting of NbMcaToMstCpuEn. See Table 94 for errors where ErrCPU is known.
• If IO originated the request, then the error is reported to the NBC, regardless of the setting of NbMcaToMstCpuEn.
• BIOS should set this bit to 1 in all processors.
26
CorrMcaExcEn: correctable error MCA exception enable. Read-write. 1=A machine check
exception is generated for correctable machine check errors that are enabled in F3x40. This field is
intended as a test and debug aid. It does not cause any status register changes, and the usual status
overwrite and overflow rules remain in effect.
25
DisPciCfgCpuErrRsp: PCI configuration CPU error response disable. Read-write. 1=Disables
generation of an error response to the core on detection of a master abort, target abort, or data error
condition, and disables logging and reporting through the MCA error-reporting banks for PCI configuration accesses. Also, for NB WDT errors on PCI configuration accesses, this prevents sending an
error response to the core, but does not affect logging and reporting of the NB WDT error.
See F3x180[DisPciCfgCpuMstAbtRsp], which applies only to master aborts.
24
IoRdDatErrEn: IO read data error log enable. 1=Enables MCA logging and reporting of errors on
transactions from IO devices upon detection of a target abort, master abort, or data error condition.
0=Errors on transactions from IO devices are not logged in MCA, although error responses to the
requesting IO device may still be generated.
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23
ChipKillEccCap: chipkill ECC mode capable. Read-only. 1=Chipkill ECC mode is possible if this
bit is set and the physical configuration is appropriate as specified by Table 77. ECC checking is
based on ganged 128/16-bit data/ECC or x8 ECC symbols (F3x180[EccSymbolSize]) and can be used
for chipkill. 0=Chipkill ECC mode is not set up in the controller; ECC checking is based on two interleaved, unganged 64/8-bit data/ECC lines and x4 ECC symbols and cannot be used for chipkill. See
2.12.2 [DRAM Considerations for ECC].
22
DramEccEn: DRAM ECC enable. Read-write. 1=Enables ECC check/correct mode. This bit must
be set in order for ECC checking/correcting by the NB to be enabled. If set, ECC is checked and correctable errors are corrected irrespective of whether machine check ECC reporting is enabled. The
hardware only allows values to be programmed into this field which are consistent with the ECC
capabilities of the device as specified in [The Northbridge Capabilities Register] F3xE8. Attempts to
write values inconsistent with the capabilities result in this field not being updated. This bit does not
affect ECC checking in the Northbridge arrays.
21
SyncOnAnyErrEn: sync flood on any error enable. Read-write. 1=Enables flooding of all links
with sync packets on detection of any NB MCA error that is uncorrectable, including Northbridge
array errors and link protocol errors. BIOS should set this bit to 1 for normal operation.
20
SyncOnWDTEn: sync flood on watchdog timer error enable. Read-write. 1=Enables flooding of
all links with sync packets on detection of a watchdog timer error. BIOS should set this bit to 1b.
19:18 SubLinkSel: sublink select for CRC error generation. Read-write. Selects the sublink of a link
selected by LdtLinkSel to be used for CRC error injection through GenCrcErrByte0 and
GenCrcErrByte1. When the link is ganged, SubLinkSel must be 00b. When the link is unganged, the
following values indicate which sublink is selected:
00b = Sublink 0.
10b = Reserved.
01b = Sublink 1.
11b = Reserved.
17
GenCrcErrByte1: generate CRC error on byte lane 1. Read-write. 1=For ganged links (see SubLinkSel), a CRC error is injected on byte lane 1 of the link specified by LdtLinkSel. For ganged links
in retry mode or unganged links, this field is reserved, and GenCrcErrByte0 must be used. The data
carried by the link is unaffected. This bit is cleared after the error has been generated. See
F0x150[ForceErrType]. See F0x[14C:130][ForceRetryError] for generating errors in retry mode.
16
GenCrcErrByte0: generate CRC error on byte lane 0. Read-write. 1=Causes a CRC error to be
injected on byte lane 0 of the link specified by LdtLinkSel and the sublink specified by SubLinkSel.
The data carried by the link is unaffected. This bit is cleared after the error has been generated. See
F0x150[ForceErrType]. See F0x[14C:130][ForceRetryError] for generating errors in retry mode.
15:14 LdtLinkSel: link select for CRC error generation. Read-Write. Selects the link to be used for CRC
error injection through GenCrcErrByte1/GenCrcErrByte0.
00b = link 0
01b = link 1
10b = link 2
11b = link 3
13:12 WDTBaseSel: watchdog timer time base select. Read-write. Selects the time base used by the
watchdog timer. The counter selected by WDTCntSel determines the maximum count value in the
time base selected by WDTBaseSel.
00b = 1.31 ms
10b = 5 ns
01b = 1.28 us
11b = reserved
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11:9 WDTCntSel[2:0]: watchdog timer count select bits[2:0]. Read-write. Selects the count used by the
watchdog timer. WDTCntSel is a 4-bit field composed of {F3x180[WDTCntSel[3]],
F3x44[WDTCntSel[2:0]]}. The counter selected by WDTCntSel determines the maximum count
value in the time base selected by WDTBaseSel. WDTCntSel is encoded as:
0000b = 4095
0100b = 255
1000b = 8191
0001b = 2047
0101b = 127
1001b = 16383
0010b = 1023
0110b = 63
1010b - 1111b = reserved
0011b = 511
0111b = 31
Note: Because WDTCntSel is split between two registers, care must be taken when programming
WDTCntSel to ensure that a reserved value is never used by the watchdog timer or undefined behavior could result.
8
WDTDis: watchdog timer disable. Revisions C and earlier: Reset 0. Revision D and later: Cold
reset 0. Read-write. 1=Disables the watchdog timer. The watchdog timer is enabled by default and
checks for NB system accesses for which a response is expected and where no response is received. If
such a condition is detected the outstanding access is completed by generating an error response back
to the requestor. An MCA error may also be generated if enabled in [The MCA NB Control Register]
F3x40.
7
IoErrDis: IO error response disable. Read-write. 1=Disables setting either Error bit in link
response packets to IO devices on detection of a target abort, master abort, or data error condition.
6
CpuErrDis: CPU error response disable. Read-write. 1=Disables generation of a read data error
response to the core on detection of a target or master abort error condition.
5
IoMstAbortDis: IO master abort error response disable. Read-write. 1=Signals target abort
instead of master abort in link response packets to IO devices on detection of a master abort error condition.When IoMstAbortDis and F3x180[MstAbtChgToNoErrs] are both set,
F3x180[MstAbtChgToNoErrs] takes precedence.
4
SyncPktPropDis: sync packet propagation disable. Read-write. 1=Disables flooding of all outgoing links with sync packets when a sync packet is detected on an incoming link. Sync packets are
propagated by default. BIOS should set this bit to 1 for normal operation.
3
SyncPktGenDis: sync packet generation disable. Read-write. 1=Disables flooding of all outgoing
links with sync packets when a CRC error is detected on an incoming link. BIOS should set this bit to
1 for normal operation. By default, sync packet generation for CRC errors is controlled through [The
Link Control Registers] F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84].
2
SyncOnUcEccEn: sync flood on uncorrectable ECC error enable. Read-write. 1=Enables flooding of all links with sync packets on detection of an uncorrectable ECC error. BIOS should set this bit
to 1 for normal operation.
1
CpuRdDatErrEn: CPU read data error log enable. Read-write. 1=Enables MCA logging and
reporting of read responses and TgtDone responses which indicate master abort, target abort, or data
error for CPU requests from this node. This bit should be clear if error response logging is enabled for
the remaining error reporting blocks in the CPU; logging the same error in more than one block may
cause a single error event to be treated as a multiple error event and cause the CPU to enter shutdown.
0
Reserved.
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F3x48 MCA NB Status Low Register
Cold reset: xxxx xxxxh.
Software is normally only allowed to write 0’s to this register to clear the fields so subsequent errors may be
logged. See MSRC001_0015[McStatusWrEn]. This register may be accessed through [The NB Machine
Check Status Register (MC4_STATUS)] MSR0000_0411 as well.
Bits
Description
31:24 Syndrome[15:8]: syndrome bits 15:8 for ECC. Read-write. Logs the upper eight syndrome bits
when an ECC error is detected.
23:21 Reserved.
20:16 ErrorCodeExt: extended error code. Read-write. Logs the extended error code when an error is
detected. See Table 93 for encoding.
15:0 ErrorCode: error code. Read-write. Logs an error code when an error is detected. See Table 93 for
encoding.
Three types of errors are reported: TLB, memory, or bus errors.
Error Code
Error Code Type Description
0000 0000 0001 TTLL TLB
Errors in the GART TLB cache.
TT = Transaction Type
LL = Cache Level
0000 0001 RRRR TTLL Memory
Errors in the cache hierarchy (not in NB)
RRRR = Memory Transaction Type
TT = Transaction Type
LL = Cache Level
0000 1PPT RRRR IILL Bus
General bus errors including link and DRAM
PP = Participation Processor
T = Timeout
RRRR = Memory Transaction Type
II = Memory or IO
LL = Cache Level
Table 87: Error codes: transaction type
TT
Transaction Type
00
Instruction
01
Data
10
Generic
11
Reserved
Table 88: Error codes: cache level
LL
Cache Level
00
Reserved
01
Level 1 (L1)
10
Level 2 (L2)
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Table 88: Error codes: cache level
LL
Cache Level
11
Generic (LG; includes L3 cache)
Table 89: Error codes: memory transaction type
RRRR Memory Transaction Type
0000 GEN: Generic. Includes scrub errors.
0001 RD: Generic Read
0010 WR: Generic Write
0011 DRD: Data Read
0100 DWR: Data Write
0101 IRD: Instruction Fetch
0110 Prefetch
0111 Evict
1000 Snoop (Probe)
Table 90: Error codes: participation processor
PP
Participation Processor
00
Local node originated the request (SRC)
01
Local node responded to the request (RES)
10
Local node observed the error as a third party (OBS)
11
Generic
Table 91: Error codes: memory or IO
II
Memory or IO
00
Memory Access (MEM)
01
Reserved
10
IO Access (IO)
11
Generic (GEN)
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Table 92: NB error descriptions
Error Type
CRC Error
Description
Control Bits (F3x40)
CRC error detected on link. If the link is in retry mode, CrcErr0En, CrcErr1En,
this may indicate excessive link reconnect failures; see CrcErr2En, CrcErr3En
F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][CrcErr, LinkFail, CrcFloodEn].
The NB floods its outgoing links with sync packets after
detecting a CRC error on an incoming link independent
of the state of the control bits.
Sync Error
Link-defined sync error packets detected on link. The
NB floods its outgoing links with sync
packets after detecting a sync packet on an incoming
link independent of the state of the control bits.
Master Abort
Master abort seen as result of link operation. Reasons MstrAbortEn
for this error include requests to non-existent addresses,
and requesting extended addresses while extended mode
disabled (see F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][Addr64BitEn]). The
NB returns an error response back to the requestor with
any associated data all 1s independent of the state of the
control bit.
TgtAbortEn
Target abort seen as result of link operation. The NB
Target Abort
GART Error
RMW Error
WDT Error
ECC Error
DEV Error
SyncPkt0En, SyncPkt1En,
SyncPkt2En, SyncPkt3En
returns an error response back to the requestor with any
associated data all 1s independent of the state of the
control bit.
GART cache table walk encountered a GART PTE entry GartTblWkEn
which was invalid.
AtomicRMWEn
An atomic read-modify-write (RMW) command was
received from an IO link. Atomic RMW commands are
not supported. An atomic RMW command results in a
link error response being generated back to the requesting IO device. The generation of the link error response
is not affected by the control bit.
NB WDT timeout due to lack of progress. The NB
WDTRptEn
WDT monitors transaction completions. A transaction
that exceeds the programmed time limit reports errors
via the MCA. The cause of error may be another node or
device which failed to respond.
DRAM ECC error detected in the NB.
CECCEn, UECCEn
SVM DEV error detected.
DevErrEn
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Table 92: NB error descriptions
Error Type
Link Data Error
Protocol Error
Description
Data error detected on link.
Control Bits (F3x40)
HtDataEn, McaUsPwDatErrEn,
If enabled for reporting and the request is sourced from
a CPU, then PCC is set. (If not enabled for reporting,
PCC is not set. If configured to allow an error response
to be returned to the CPU, this could allow error containment to a scope smaller than the entire system.)
Protocol error detected by link, L3, or probe filter. These ProtEn
errors are distinguished from each other by the value in
MSR0000_0412[ErrAddr]. See Table 96.
For protocol errors, the system cannot continue operation. Protocol errors can be caused by other subcomponents than the one reporting the error. For diagnosis,
collect and examine MCA registers from other banks,
cores, and processors in the system.
NB Array Error
DRAM Parity
Error
Link Retry
For link protocol errors, ensure that the error is not due
to failure or reset at the far end of link or from transmission corruption, indicated by CRC error. The enable for
this error should be cleared before initiating a warm
reset to avoid logging spurious errors due to RESET#
signal skew.
A parity error was detected in the NB internal arrays.
NbArrayParEn
DramParEn
A parity error was detected on the DRAM address or
control signals.
A transmission error occurred on the link; the IO link
RtryHt0En, RtryHt1En,
Error Retry Protocol is executed. Retry may have been RtryHt2En, RtryHt3En
initiated by either end of the link.
An uncorrectable error was found in data returned from TblWlkDatErrEn
GART Table
Walk Data Error a GART table walk.
DEV Table Walk An uncorrectable error was found in data returned from TblWlkDatErrEn
Data Error
a DEV table walk.
Probe Filter Error An ECC error was detected in the probe filter directory.
See 2.6.5.1.1 [Probe Filter Errors] for more details.
L3 Cache Data ECC error detected in L3 cache data. A sync flood
L3ArrayCorEn, L3ArrayUCEn
Error
occurs.
L3 Cache Tag
Error detected in L3 cache tag. A sync flood occurs.
L3ArrayCorEn, L3ArrayUCEn
Error
The subcache, index, and way are logged. See Table 94
footnotes for details.
L3 Cache LRU Error detected in LRU parity bits. This is a non-fatal
Error
error which has no impact on any program execution;
LRU state is reset. The cache index is captured for
thresholding purposes.
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The NB is capable of reporting the following errors
Table 93: NB error signatures, part 1
Error Code (see F3x48 for encoding)
Error Type
Error
Threshold
Group
20:16
Ext. Error
Reserved.
-
Type
10:9
PP
8
T
7:4
RRRR
3:2
II/TT
1:0
LL
0_0000
-
-
-
-
-
-
CRC Error
0_0001
BUS
OBS
0
GEN
GEN
LG
Sync Error
0_0010
BUS
OBS
0
GEN
GEN
Mst Abort
0_0011
BUS
SRC/OBS
0_0100
BUS
GART Error
0_0101
RMW Error
WDT Error
Tgt Abort
ECC Error
Link
DRAM
DEV Error
LG
0
RD/WR MEM/IO
1
LG
SRC/OBS
0
RD/WR MEM/IO1
LG
TLB
-
-
-
GEN
LG
0_0110
BUS
OBS
0
GEN
IO
LG
0_0111
BUS
GEN
1
GEN
GEN
LG
0_1000
BUS
SRC/RES
0
RD/WR
MEM
LG
0_1001
BUS
SRC/OBS
0
RD/WR MEM/IO
LG
Link Data Error
Link
0_1010
BUS
SRC/OBS
0
RD/WR/ MEM/IO
DWR
LG
Protocol Error
Link/-2
0_1011
BUS
OBS
0
GEN
GEN
LG
NB Array Error
-
0_1100
BUS
OBS
0
GEN
GEN
LG
DRAM Parity Error
DRAM
0_1101
BUS
OBS
0
GEN
MEM
LG
0_1110
BUS
OBS
0
GEN
GEN
LG
0_1111
TLB
-
-
-
GEN
LG
0_1111
BUS
OBS
0
GEN
MEM
LG
1_1111
MEM
-
-
RD/Evict
/Snoop
/GEN
GEN
LG
1_1100
MEM
-
-
RD/Evict
/Snoop
/GEN
GEN
LG
1_1101
MEM
-
-
RD/Evict
/Snoop
/GEN
GEN
LG
1_1110
MEM
-
-
RD/Evict
/Snoop
/GEN
GEN
LG
Link Retry
GART Table Walk Data Error
Link
DEV Table Walk Data Error
Probe Filter Error
L3 Cache
L3 Cache Data Error
L3 CacheTag Error
L3 Cache LRU Error
L3
Cache
1. Indicates the type of link attached to the reporting NB, not the instruction type. MEM indicates coherent
link, IO indicates IO link.
2. Error thresholding group is Link if link protocol error, none if L3 or probe filter protocol error.
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Table 94: NB error signatures, part 2
Error Type
F3x4C settings
29
UC
26
AddrV
25
PCC
Syndrome
Valid
14
CECC
7:4
LDT
Link
3:0
Err
CPU
CRC Error
1
0
1
-
0
0
0
Y
-
Sync Error
1
0
1
-
0
0
0
Y
-
Mst Abort
1
1
If CPU
source
-
0
0
0
Y
Y
Tgt Abort
1
1
If CPU
source
-
0
0
0
Y
Y
GART Error
1
1
If CPU
source
-
0
0
0
-
Y
RMW Error
1
1
0
-
0
0
0
Y
-
WDT Error
1
01
1
-
0
0
0
-
-
ECC Error
If multisymbol8
1
If multisymbol8
and CPU
source
15:0
1/0
-
-
DEV Error
1
1
0
-
0
0
0
Y
-
Link Data
Error
1
1
If En and
CPU
source
-
0
0
0
Y
-
Protocol
Error
1
1/02
1
-
0
0
0
Y3
-
NB Array
Error
1
14
1
-
0
0
0
-
-
DRAM
Parity Error
1
0
1
-
0
0
0
-
-
Link Retry9
0
0
0
-
0
0
0
Y
-
GART Table
Walk Data
Error
1
1
If CPU
source
-
0
0
0
-
If CPU
source
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
13
8
UECC Scrub
If not If multimulti- symbol8
symbol8
See Table 99, “MCA NB Address Low Register encoding for Watchdog Timer Errors,”
See Table 96, “MCA NB Address Low Register encoding Protocol Errors,”
Link identified only if link protocol error. See entry in Table 92 for details.
See Table 97, “MCA NB Address Low Register encoding for NB Array Errors,”
See Table 98, “MCA NB Address Register encoding for L3 Array Errors,”
This field contains the L3 way in error. F3x4C[McaStatSubCache] contains the subcache number.
Depends on Memory Transaction Type (Table 89); valid if non-zero.
x4 Chipkill ECC is always enabled in ganged mode. See F3x180[EccSymbolSize].
Retries initiated by either side of the link are logged.
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Table 94: NB error signatures, part 2
Error Type
F3x4C settings
29
UC
26
AddrV
25
PCC
Syndrome
Valid
14
CECC
DEV Table
Walk Data
Error
1
1
0
-
0
Probe Filter
Error
0
15
0
15:0
L3 Cache
Data Error
If UECC
15
If UC and
not Scrub
15:0
0
15
0
-
13
8
UECC Scrub
7:4
LDT
Link
3:0
Err
CPU
0
-
-
If single- If multibit
bit
1/0
Y6
Y7
If single- If multibit
bit
1/0
Y6
Y7
0
-
-
0
L3 Cache
Tag Error
L3 Cache
LRU Error
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
0
0
See Table 99, “MCA NB Address Low Register encoding for Watchdog Timer Errors,”
See Table 96, “MCA NB Address Low Register encoding Protocol Errors,”
Link identified only if link protocol error. See entry in Table 92 for details.
See Table 97, “MCA NB Address Low Register encoding for NB Array Errors,”
See Table 98, “MCA NB Address Register encoding for L3 Array Errors,”
This field contains the L3 way in error. F3x4C[McaStatSubCache] contains the subcache number.
Depends on Memory Transaction Type (Table 89); valid if non-zero.
x4 Chipkill ECC is always enabled in ganged mode. See F3x180[EccSymbolSize].
Retries initiated by either side of the link are logged.
F3x4C MCA NB Status High Register
Cold reset: xxxx xxxxh.
This register may be accessed through [The NB Machine Check Status Register (MC4_STATUS)]
MSR0000_0411 as well.
Software is normally only allowed to write 0’s to this register to clear the fields so subsequent errors may be
logged. See MSRC001_0015[McStatusWrEn].
Bits
Description
31
Val: error valid. Read-write; set-by-hardware. 1=This bit indicates that a valid error has been
detected. This bit should be cleared to 0 by software after the register has been read.
30
Over: error overflow. Read-write; set-by-hardware. 1=An error was detected while the valid bit
(Val) of this register was set; at least one error was not logged. The machine check mechanism
handles the contents of MCi_STATUS during overflow as outlined in section 2.12.1.2.2 [Error Overflow].
29
UC: error uncorrected. Read-write; set-by-hardware. 1=The error was not corrected by hardware.
28
En: error enable. Read-write; set-by-hardware. 1=The MCA error reporting is enabled for this error
in the MCA Control Register.
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27
MiscV: miscellaneous error register valid. Read-only. 1=The error currently logged in the NB
MCA registers includes valid information in [The NB Machine Check Misc (Thresholding) Registers]
F3x1[78, 70, 68, 60].
26
AddrV: error address valid. Read-write; set-by-hardware. 1=The address saved in the address
register is the address where the error occurred.
25
PCC: processor context corrupt. Read-write; set-by-hardware. 1=The state of the processor may be
corrupted by the error condition. Reliable restarting might not be possible.
24
ErrCpuVal: error cpu valid. Revision C and earlier: Reserved. Revision D and later: Read-write;
set-by-hardware. 1=The ErrCpu[3:0] field is valid.
23
Reserved.
22:15 Syndrome[7:0]: syndrome bits [7:0] for ECC. Read-write. Logs the lower eight syndrome bits
when an ECC error is detected.
14
CECC: correctable ECC error. Read-write; set-by-hardware. 1=The error was a correctable ECC
error.
13
UECC: uncorrectable ECC error. Read-write; set-by-hardware. 1=The error was an uncorrectable
ECC error.
12
Reserved.
11:10 McaStatSubCache: L3 subcache in error. Indicates the number of the L3 subcache associated with
the error. This field is only valid when an L3 error is recorded.
9
SubLink: sublink or DRAM channel. Read-write; set-by-hardware. For errors associated with a
link, this bit indicates if the error was associated with the upper or lower byte of the link. For DRAM
parity errors, this bit indicates which channel the error was associated with.
DRAM Channel
Sublink
0 = Channel A
0 = Bits [7:0]
1 = Channel B
1 = Bits [15:8]
8
Scrub: error found by DRAM scrubber. Read-write; set-by-hardware. 1=The error was found by
the DRAM scrubber.
7:4
LDTLink[3:0]. Read-write; set-by-hardware.
For errors associated with a link, this field indicates which link was associated with the error.
LDTLink[3] = Error associated with link 3.
LDTLink[2] = Error associated with link 2.
LDTLink[1] = Error associated with link 1.
LDTLink[0] = Error associated with link 0.
For L3 cache errors, this field indicates the L3 way in error, and McaStatSubCache contains subcache
number.
3:0
ErrCpu[3:0]: error associated with core. Read-write; set-by-hardware. This field indicates which
core within the node is associated with the error.
Revision C and earlier:
ErrCpu[3] = Error associated with core 3.
ErrCpu[2] = Error associated with core 2.
ErrCpu[1] = Error associated with core 1.
ErrCpu[0] = Error associated with core 0.
Revision D and later: ErrCpu[3:0] is an encoded value where 0h=core 0, 1h=core 1...5h=core 5. All
other values are reserved. This field is valid only when ErrCpuVal=1.
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F3x50 MCA NB Address Low Register
Cold reset: xxxx xxxxh. F3x50 maps the lower half of [The NB Machine Check Address Register
(MC4_ADDR)] MSR0000_0412, and F3x54 maps the upper half. MC4_ADDR carries supplemental information associated with a machine check error, generally the address being accessed.
Bits
Description
31:1 ErrAddr[31:1]: Error Address Bits[31:1]. Read-write. See the tables below for the encoding.
ErrAddr[47:1] = {F3x54[ErrAddr[47:32]], F3x50[ErrAddr[31:1]]}.
0
Reserved.
The register format depends on the type of error being logged:
• Protocol errors contain the error reason code and, for revision D and later, may contain the physical address.
They are formatted according to Table 96.
• NB array errors indicate the array in error, and are formatted according to Table 97.
• L3 array errors store the physical address which caused the error, and are formatted according to Table 98.
• NB watchdog timer errors depend on the mode selected by F3x180[McaLogErrAddrWdtErr], and the format
is indicated by F3x4C[AddrV]. If F3x4C[AddrV] is indicated, errors are formatted according to Table 95. If
F3x4C[AddrV] is not indicated, errors are formatted according to Table 99.
• All other NB errors which indicate F3x4C[AddrV] are formatted according to Table 95.
Table 95: Default MCA NB Address Register default encoding
ErrAddr Description
bits
47:1 Physical address bits 47:1
0
Reserved
Table 96: MCA NB Address Low Register encoding Protocol Errors
ErrAddr Protocol Description
bits
Error
Type
47:6
-
If F3x4C[AddrV] set, contains physical address bits 47:6, else reserved.
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Table 96: MCA NB Address Low Register encoding Protocol Errors
ErrAddr Protocol Description
bits
Error
Type
5:1
0_0000b Link: SRQ Read Response without matching request
0_0001b Link: Probe Response without matching request
0_0010b Link: TgtDone without matching request
0_0011b Link: TgtStart without matching request
0_0100b Link: Command buffer overflow
0_0101b Link: Data buffer overflow
0_0110b Link: Link retry packet count acknowledge overflow
0_0111b Data command in the middle of a data transfer
0_1000b Link: Link address extension command followed by a packet other than a command
with address.
0_1001b Link: A specific coherent-only packet from a CPU was issued to an IO link. This may
be caused by software which addresses page table structures in a memory type other
than cacheable WB-DRAM without properly configuring MSRC001_0015[TlbCacheDis]. This may occur, for example, when page table structure addresses are
above top of memory. In such cases, the NB will generate an MCE if it sees a mismatch between the memory operation generated by the core and the link type. See
2.9.3.1.2 [Determining The Access Destination for CPU Accesses].
0_1010b Link: A command with invalid encoding was received. This error occurs when: (1)
any invalid command is received (including a command with no valid encoding or a
coherent link command over an IO link or vice versa) while not in retry mode or (2)
any illegal command is received in which the CRC is correct while in retry mode.
0_1011b Link: Link CTL deassertion occurred when a data phase was not pending. This error
condition may only occur when error-retry mode is not enabled (if it is enabled, this
condition triggers a retry).
1_0000b L3: Request gets multiple hits in L3
1_0001b L3: Probe access gets multiple hits in L3
1_0010b L3: Request queue overflow
1_0011b L3: WrVicBlk hit incompatible L3 state
1_0100b L3: ClVicBlk hit incompatible L3 state
1_1000b PF: Directed probe miss
1_1001b PF: Directed probe clean hit
1_1010b PF: VicBlkM hit inconsistent directory state 'O|S'.
1_1011b PF: VicBlkE hit inconsistent directory state 'O|S'.
1_1100b PF: Reserved.
1_1101b PF: L3 lookup response without a matching PFQ entry.
1_1110b PF: L3 update data read request without a matching PFQ entry.
5:1
0
1_1111b PF: Reserved
-
Reserved
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Table 97: MCA NB Address Low Register encoding for NB Array Errors
ErrAddr Array Description
bits
Code
39:6
5:1
-
Reserved
0_0000b SRA: System request address
0_0001b SRD: System request data
0_0010b SPB: System packet buffer
0_0011b MCD: Memory controller data
0_0100b MPB: Memory packet buffer
0_0101b LPB0: Link 0 packet buffer
0_0110b LPB1: Link 1 packet buffer
0_0111b LPB2: Link 2 packet buffer
0_1000b LPB3: Link 3 packet buffer
0_1001b MPBC: Memory controller command packet buffer
0_1010b MCDBM: Memory controller byte mask
0_1011b MCACAM: Memory controller address array
0_1100b DMAP: Extended DRAM address map
0_1101b MMAP: Extended MMIO address map
0_1110b X86MAP: Extended PCI/IO address map
0_1111b CFGMAP: Extended config address map
1_0000b LPS0: Link 0 packet state buffer
1_0001b LPS1: Link 1 packet state buffer
1_0010b LPS2: Link 2 packet state buffer
1_0011b LPS3: Link 3 packet state buffer
1_0100b RHB0: Link 0 retry history buffer
1_0101b RHB1: Link 1 retry history buffer
1_0110b RHB2: Link 2 retry history buffer
1_0111b RHB3: Link 3 retry history buffer
1_1000b SRIMCTRTE: SRI/MCT extended routing table
1_1001b LN0LN1RTE: Link 0/1 extended routing table
1_1010b LN2LN3RTE: Link 2/3 extended routing table
1_1011b GART: GART array
1_1100b DEV: DEV array
0
-
Reserved
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.
Table 98: MCA NB Address Register encoding for L3 Array Errors
Error Type
Memory Transaction
Type (RRRR; Table 89)
ErrAddr
bits
Description
Data Error
RD, Evict
47:2
Physical address
16:6
Snoop
47:6
16:6
Tag or LRU
error
1
Cache index
Cache line address requested
1
Cache index
5:4
Index of the critical octword within the cache
line
3:2
Index of the octword in error within the cache
line (normally occupies bits 5:4 in physical
address)
GEN
16:61
Cache index
RD, Evict, Snoop
47:6
Physical address contained in the tag (may not
match the address requested)
GEN
16:61
Cache index
1. For 2MB subcaches, ErrAddr is bits 16:6. For 1MB subcaches, ErrAddr is bits 15:6. See
F3x1C4[L3SubCacheSize[3:0]].
Table 99: MCA NB Address Low Register encoding for Watchdog Timer Errors
ErrAddr Description
bits
39:36
System Response Count. This field records unspecified, implementation-specific information.
35:31
Wait Code records unspecified, implementation-specific information (all zeroes
means no waiting condition).
30
Wait for Posted Write.
29:27
Destination Node records the Node ID of the node addressed by the transaction.
26:25
Destination Unit is one of:
00 = Core
01 = GART or DEV Table Walker
10 = Memory Controller
11 = Host
24:22
Source Node records the Node ID of the node originating the transaction.
21:20
Source Unit (same encoding as Destination Unit)
19:15
Source Pointer. Identifies link as a crossbar source:
000xxb = GART or DEV Table Walker
001NNb = CPU number NN
010xxb = Memory controller
011xxb = Reserved
1HHxNb = Link HH, sublink N (where N=0b for ganged links)
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Table 99: MCA NB Address Low Register encoding for Watchdog Timer Errors
ErrAddr Description
bits
14:11
SRQ Entry State records unspecified, implementation-specific information (all
zeroes means idle).
10:7
Op Type records unspecified, implementation-specific information (all zeroes
means normal).
6:1
Link Command. When the NB WDT expires, the link command of the transaction that timed out is captured here. This field is encoded identically to the
“Code” field for link transactions defined in the HyperTransport™ I/O Link
Specification.
F3x54 MCA NB Address High Register
Cold reset: 0000 xxxxh. F3x54 maps the upper half of [The NB Machine Check Address Register
(MC4_ADDR)] MSR0000_0412, and F3x50 maps the lower half.
Bits
Description
31:16 Reserved.
15:0 ErrAddr[47:32]: Error Address Bits[47:32]. Read-write. See F3x50[ErrAddr] for details.
F3x58 Scrub Rate Control Register
Reset: 0000 0000h. This register specifies the ECC sequential scrubbing rate for lines of memory and cache.
See 2.6.6 [Memory Scrubbers]. The scrub rate is specified as the time between successive scrub events. A
scrub event occurs when a line is checked for errors; the size of the line that is checked varies based on the
block (see field descriptions). Each of these fields is defined as follows:
Scrub Rate
Bits
Scrub Rate
Bits
Scrub Rate
Bits
00h
Disable sequential scrubbing
08h
5.12 us
10h
1.31 ms
1
01h
40 ns
09h
10.2 us
11h
2.62 ms
1
02h
80 ns
0Ah
20.5 us
12h
5.24 ms
03h
160 ns1
0Bh
41.0 us
13h
10.49 ms
04h
320 ns1
0Ch
81.9 us
14h
20.97 ms
05h
640 ns
0Dh
163.8 us
15h
42 ms
06h
1.28 us
0Eh
327.7 us
16h
84 ms
07h
2.56 us
0Fh
655.4 us
All others - reserved.
1. This setting is not supported except as a DRAM scrub rate when no other memory accesses are being performed.
Scrub rates are a platform consideration. See 2.12.1.7 [Scrub Rate Considerations].
The time required to fully scrub the memory of a node is determined as:
Time = ( (memory size in bytes)/64 ) * (Scrub Rate).
For example, if a node contains 1GB of system memory and DramScrub=5.24ms, then all of the system
memory of the node is scrubbed about once every 24 hours.
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
Bits
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Description
31:29 Reserved.
28:24 L3Scrub: L3 cache scrub rate. Read-write. Read-write. Specifies time between 64-byte scrub
events. Note: the L3 scrubber should be disabled (L3Scrub=00h) if F3xE8[L3Capable]=0. See 2.6.5.1
[Probe Filter] for additional requirements.
23:21 Reserved.
20:16 DcacheScrub: data cache scrub rate. Read-write. Specifies time between 64-bit scrub events. BIOS
must not set this scrub rate to less than 1.28 us.
15:13 Reserved.
12:8 L2Scrub: L2 cache scrub rate. Read-write. Read-write. Specifies time between 64-byte scrub
events. BIOS must not set this scrub rate to less than 1.28 us.
7:5
Reserved.
4:0
DramScrub: DRAM scrub rate. Read-write. Specifies time between 64-byte scrub events. See
F3x5C and F3x60. See 2.6.5.1 [Probe Filter] for additional requirements.
F3x5C DRAM Scrub Address Low Register
Reset: see field definitions. In addition to sequential DRAM scrubbing, the DRAM scrubber has a redirect
mode for scrubbing DRAM locations accessed during normal operation. This is enabled by setting
F3x5C[ScrubReDirEn]. When a DRAM read is generated by any agent other than the DRAM scrubber, correctable ECC errors are corrected as the data is passed to the requestor, but the data in DRAM is not corrected
if redirect scrubbing mode is disabled. In scrubber redirect mode, correctable errors detected during normal
DRAM read accesses redirect the scrubber to the location of the error. After the scrubber corrects the location
in DRAM, it resumes scrubbing from where it left off. DRAM scrub address registers are not modified by the
redirect scrubbing mode. Sequential scrubbing and scrubber redirection can be enabled independently or
together.
ECC errors detected by the scrubber are logged in the MCA registers (see [The MCA NB Control Register]
F3x40).
Bits
Description
31:6 ScrubAddrLo: DRAM scrubber address bits[31:6]. Read; write to initialize; updated by hardware.
Reset: 0. The DRAM scrubber address consists of {F3x60[ScrubAddrHi], F3x5C[ScrubAddrLo]}; it
points to a DRAM cacheline in physical address space. BIOS should initialize the scrubber address
register to the base address of the node specified by [The DRAM Base/Limit Registers] F1x[1,
0][7C:40] prior to enabling sequential scrubbing through F3x58[DramScrub]. When sequential
scrubbing is enabled: it starts at the address that the scrubber address registers are initialized to; it
increments through address space and updates the scrubber address registers as it does so; when the
scrubber reaches the DRAM limit address specified by F1x[1, 0][7C:40], it wraps around to the base
address. Reads of the scrubber address registers provide the next cacheline to be scrubbed.
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
5:1
0
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Reserved.
ScrubReDirEn: DRAM scrubber redirect enable. Read-write. Reset: 0. If a correctable error is
discovered from a non-scrubber DRAM read, then the data is corrected before it is returned to the
requestor; however, the DRAM location may be left in a corrupted state (until the next time the
scrubber address counts up to that location, if sequential scrubbing is enabled through
F3x58[DramScrub]). 1=Enables the scrubber to immediately scrub any address in which a correctable
error is discovered. This bit and sequential scrubbing can be enabled independently or together; if
both are enabled, the scrubber jumps from the scrubber address to where the correctable error was
discovered, scrubs that location, and then jumps back to where it left off; the scrubber address register
is not affected during scrubber redirection. See 2.6.5.1 [Probe Filter] for additional requirements.
F3x60 DRAM Scrub Address High Register
Reset: see field definitions.
Bits
Description
31:16 Reserved.
15:0 ScrubAddrHi: DRAM scrubber address bits[47:32]. Read; write to initialize; updated by
hardware. Reset: 0. See F3x5C[ScrubAddrLo].
F3x64 Hardware Thermal Control (HTC) Register
See 2.10.3.1 [PROCHOT_L and Hardware Thermal Control (HTC)] for information on HTC. F3x64 is not
accessible if [The Northbridge Capabilities Register] F3xE8[HTC capable]=0. F3x64 should only be programmed on internal node 0 (F3xE8[IntNodeNum]=00b) if F3xE8[MultiNodeCpu]=1.
Bits
31
Description
Reserved.
30:28 HtcPstateLimit: HTC P-state limit select. Read-write. Reset state varies by product. Specifies the
P-state limit of all cores when in the HTC-active state. This field uses hardware P-state numbering
and is not changed on a write if the value written is greater than MSRC001_0061[PstateMaxVal] +
F4x15C[NumBoostStates]. See 2.10.3.1 [PROCHOT_L and Hardware Thermal Control (HTC)] and
2.4.2.1.2.2 [Hardware P-state Numbering].
27:24 HtcHystLmt: HTC hysteresis. Read-write. Reset state varies by product. The processor exits the
HTC-active state when Tctl is less than HtcTmpLmt minus HtcHystLmt. The encoding is 0.5 *
HtcHystLmt, ranging from 0.0 Tctl to 7.5 Tctl.
23
HtcSlewSel: HTC slew-controlled temperature select. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=HTC logic is driven
by the slew-controlled temperature, Tctl, specified in [The Reported Temperature Control Register]
F3xA4. 0=HTC logic is driven by the measured control temperature with no slew controls.
22:16 HtcTmpLmt: HTC temperature limit. Read-write. Reset state varies by product. The processor
enters the HTC-active state when Tctl reaches or exceeds the value of this register. The encoding is
52.0 + (0.5 * HtcTmpLmt), ranging from 52.0 Tctl to 115.5 Tctl.
15:8 Reserved.
7
PslApicLoEn: P-state limit lower value change APIC interrupt enable. Read-write. Reset: 0.
PslApicLoEn and PslApicHiEn enable interrupts using [The Thermal Local Vector Table Entry]
APIC330 of each core when the active P-state limit in [The P-State Current Limit Register]
MSRC001_0061[CurPstateLimit] changes. PslApicLoEn enables the interrupt when the limit value
becomes lower (indicating higher performance). PslApicHiEn enables the interrupt when the limit
value becomes higher (indicating lower performance). 1=Enable interrupt.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
6
PslApicHiEn: P-state limit higher value change APIC interrupt enable. Read-write. Reset: 0. See
PslApicLoEn above.
5
HtcActSts: HTC-active status. Read; set-by-hardware; write-1-to-clear. Reset: 0. This bit is set by
hardware when the processor enters the HTC-active state. It is cleared by writing a 1 to it.
4
HtcAct: HTC-active state. Read-only. Reset: X. 1=The processor is currently in the HTC-active
state. 0=The processor is not in the HTC-active state.
3:1
0
Reserved.
HtcEn: HTC enable. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=HTC is enabled; the processor is capable of entering
the HTC-active state. For products that support NB P-states, BIOS must program
MSRC001_001F[GfxNbPstateDis]=1 prior to setting HtcEn. BIOS should set this bit.
F3x68 Software Thermal Control (STC) Register
Reset: ?000 0000h. See 2.10.3.2 [Software Thermal Control (STC)] for information on STC. F3x68 is not
accessible if [The Northbridge Capabilities Register] F3xE8[HTC capable]=0. F3x68 should only be
programmed on internal node 0 (F3xE8[IntNodeNum]=00b) if F3xE8[MultiNodeCpu]=1.
Bits
31
Description
Reserved.
30:28 StcPstateLimit: STC P-state limit select. Read-write. Reset state varies by product. Specifies the Pstate limit of all cores when in the STC-active state. This field uses hardware P-state numbering and is
not changed on a write if the value written is greater than MSRC001_0061[PstateMaxVal] +
F4x15C[NumBoostStates]. See 2.10.3.2 [Software Thermal Control (STC)] and 2.4.2.1.2.2 [Hardware P-state Numbering].
27:24 StcHystLmt: STC hysteresis. Read-write. The processor exits the STC thermal zone when Tctl
drops to StcTmpLmt minus StcHystLmt. Revision B: The encoding is 0.5 * StcHystLmt, ranging
from 0.0 Tctl to 7.5 Tctl. Revision C and later revisions: The encoding is 1.0 * StcHystLmt, ranging
from 0.0 Tctl to 15.0 Tctl.
23
StcSlewSel: STC slew-controlled temperature select. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=STC logic is driven
by the slew-controlled temperature, Tctl, specified in [The Reported Temperature Control Register]
F3xA4. 0=STC logic is driven by the measured control temperature with no slew controls.
22:16 StcTmpLmt: STC temperature limit. Read-write. The processor enters the STC thermal zone when
Tctl exceeds the value specified by this register. The encoding is 52.0 + (0.5 * StcTmpLmt), ranging
from 52.0 Tctl to 115.5 Tctl.
15
14:12
11
10:8
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
7
StcTmpLoSts: STC temperature low status. Read; write-1-to-clear. This bit is set high when the
processor exits the STC thermal zone.
6
StcTmpHiSts: STC temperature high status. Read; write-1-to-clear. This bit is set high when the
processor enters the STC thermal zone.
5
StcPstateEn: STC P-state enable. Read-write. 1=Place the processor into the STC-active state.
4
Reserved.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
3
StcApcTmpLoEn: STC APIC temperature low interrupt enable. Read-write. 1=Enables the
generation of an interrupt using [The Thermal Local Vector Table Entry] APIC330 of each core when
the processor exits the STC thermal zone. This bit should always be 0.
2
StcApcTmpHiEn: STC APIC temperature high interrupt enable. Read-write. 1=Enables the
generation of an interrupt using [The Thermal Local Vector Table Entry] APIC330 of each core when
the processer enters the STC thermal zone. This bit should always be 0.
1
StcSbcTmpLoEn: STC special bus cycle temperature low enable. Read-write. 1=Enables the
generation of a link special bus cycle (SysMgtCmd = 1101_xxx1b, processor thermal trip point
crossed) when the processor exits the STC thermal zone. This bit should always be 0.
0
StcSbcTmpHiEn: STC special bus cycle temperature high enable. Read-write. 1=Enables the
generation of a link special bus cycle (SysMgtCmd = 1101_xxx1b, processor thermal trip point
crossed) when the processor enters the STC thermal zone. This bit should always be 0.
F3x6C Data Buffer Count Register
Reset: See field definitions. Updates to this register do not take effect until after a warm reset.
• To ensure deadlock free operation the following minimum buffer allocations are required:
UpRspDBC >= 1
DnReqDBC >= 1
UpReqDBC >= 1
DnRspDBC >=1
• If the node is directly connected to an IO link with an IOMMU present, IsocRspDBC must be >= 1.
• If F0x68[DispRefModeEn] is set or any of the F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][IsocEn] bits are set: IsocRspDBC >= 1
• The total number of data buffers allocated in this register and F3x7C must satisfy the following equation if
DatBuf24=0:
IsocRspDBC + UpRspDBC + DnReqDBC + UpReqDBC + DnRspDBC + F3x7C[Sri2XbarFreeXreqDBC] +
F3x7C[Sri2XbarFreeRspDBC] <= 16
• The total number of data buffers allocated in this register and F3x7C must satisfy the following equation if
DatBuf24=1:
IsocRspDBC + UpRspDBC + DnReqDBC + UpReqDBC + DnRspDBC + F3x7C[Sri2XbarFreeXreqDBC] +
F3x7C[Sri2XbarFreeRspDBC] <= 24
See 2.6.4.2.5.1 [Recommended Buffer Count Settings for Single Link Processors] and 2.6.4.2.5.2 [Recommended Buffer Count Settings for Multi-link Processors].
Bits
31
Description
Reserved.
30:28 IsocRspDBC: isochronous response data buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 3.
27:19 Reserved.
18:16 UpRspDBC: upstream response data buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 2.
15
DatBuf24: data buffer allocation 24. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 1=24 SRI to XBAR data buffers
allocated. 32 SRI to XBAR command buffers allocated. 0=16 SRI to XBAR data buffers allocated. 64
SRI to XBAR command buffers allocated.
14:8 Reserved.
7:6
DnRspDBC: downstream response data buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 2.
5:4
DnReqDBC: downstream request data buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 1.
3
2:0
Reserved.
UpReqDBC: upstream request data buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 2.
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
F3x70 SRI to XBAR Command Buffer Count Register
Updates to this register do not take effect until after a warm reset.
• To ensure deadlock free operation the following minimum buffer allocations are required:
UpRspCBC >= 1
UpPreqCBC >= 1
DnPreqCBC >= 1
UpReqCBC >= 1
DnReqCBC >= 1
DnRspCBC >= 1
• If F0x68[DispRefModeEn] is set or any of the F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][IsocEn] bits are set:
IsocReqCBC >= 1
IsocRspCBC >= 1
• If any of the F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][IsocEn] bits are set and isochronous posted requests may be generated by
the system:
IsocPreqCBC >= 1
• The total number of SRI to XBAR command buffers allocated in this register and F3x7C must satisfy the following equation if F3x6C[DatBuf24]=0:
IsocRspCBC + IsocPreqCBC + IsocReqCBC + UpRspCBC + DnPreqCBC + UpPreqCBC + DnReqCBC +
DnRspCBC + UpReqCBC + F3x7C[Sri2XbarFreeRspCBC] + F3x7C[Sri2XbarFreeXreqCBC] <= 64
• The total number of SRI to XBAR command buffers allocated in this register and F3x7C must satisfy the following equation if F3x6C[DatBuf24]=1:
IsocRspCBC + IsocPreqCBC + IsocReqCBC + UpRspCBC + DnPreqCBC + UpPreqCBC + DnReqCBC +
DnRspCBC + UpReqCBC + F3x7C[Sri2XbarFreeRspCBC] + F3x7C[Sri2XbarFreeXreqCBC] <= 32
See 2.6.4.2.5.1 [Recommended Buffer Count Settings for Single Link Processors] and 2.6.4.2.5.2 [Recommended Buffer Count Settings for Multi-link Processors].
Bits
31
Description
Reserved.
30:28 IsocRspCBC: isochronous response command buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 6.
27
Reserved.
26:24 IsocPreqCBC: isochronous posted request command buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 1.
23
Reserved.
22:20 IsocReqCBC: isochronous request command buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 7.
19
Reserved.
18:16 UpRspCBC: upstream response command buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 4.
15
Reserved.
14:12 DnPreqCBC: downstream posted request command buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 4.
11
Reserved.
10:8 UpPreqCBC: upstream posted request command buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 4.
7:6
DnRspCBC: downstream response command buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 2.
5:4
DnReqCBC: downstream request command buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 2.
3
2:0
Reserved.
UpReqCBC: upstream request command buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 4.
F3x74 XBAR to SRI Command Buffer Count Register
Updates to this register do not take effect until after a warm reset.
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
• To ensure deadlock free operation in a multi-node system the following minimum buffer allocations are
required:
ProbeCBC >= 2
DnPreqCBC >= 1
UpPreqCBC >= 1
DnReqCBC >= 1
UpReqCBC >= 1
• To ensure deadlock free operation in a single node system the following minimum buffer allocations are
required:
ProbeCBC >= 2
UpReqCBC >= 1
UpPreqCBC >= 1
• To ensure deadlock free operation ProbeCBC must be less than or equal to 8.
• If F0x68[DispRefModeEn] is set or the node is directly connected to an IO link with an IOMMU present:
IsocReqCBC >= 1
• If any of the F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][IsocEn] bits are set:
IsocReqCBC >= 1
• If any of the F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][IsocEn] bits are set and isochronous posted requests may be generated by
the system:
IsocPreqCBC >= 1
• If F0x68[DispRefModeEn] is set or if any of the F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][IsocEn] bits are set and F3x158[LnkToXcsDRToken] >0:
IsocPreqCBC >= 1
IsocReqCBC >= 1
DRReqCBC >=1
• The total number of XBAR to SRI command buffers allocated in this register and F3x7C must satisfy the following equation if the processor includes a L3 cache:
DRReqCBC + IsocPreqCBC + IsocReqCBC + DnPreqCBC + UpPreqCBC + DnReqCBC + UpReqCBC +
F3x7C[Xbar2SriFreeListCBC] + F3x1A0[L3ToSriReqCBC] <= 32
• The total number of XBAR to SRI command buffers allocated in this register and F3x7C must satisfy the following equation if the processor does not include a L3 cache:
DRReqCBC + IsocPreqCBC + IsocReqCBC + DnPreqCBC + UpPreqCBC + DnReqCBC + UpReqCBC +
F3x7C[Xbar2SriFreeListCBC] + (F3x1A0[CpuCmdBufCnt] * (F3xE8[CmpCap] +1)) <= 32
See 2.6.4.2.5.1 [Recommended Buffer Count Settings for Single Link Processors] and 2.6.4.2.5.2 [Recommended Buffer Count Settings for Multi-link Processors].
Bits
Description
31:28 DRReqCBC: display refresh request command buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 0.
27
Reserved.
26:24 IsocPreqCBC: isochronous posted request command buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 0.
23:20 IsocReqCBC: isochronous request command buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 4.
19:16 ProbeCBC: probe command buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 8.
15
Reserved.
14:12 DnPreqCBC: downstream posted request command buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 1.
11
Reserved.
10:8 UpPreqCBC: upstream posted request command buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 1.
7
6:4
3
2:0
Reserved.
DnReqCBC: downstream request command buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 1.
Reserved.
UpReqCBC: upstream request command buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 1.
F3x78 MCT to XBAR Buffer Count Register
310
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Updates to this register do not take effect until after a warm reset.
• To ensure deadlock free operation the following minimum buffer allocations are required:
ProbeCBC >= 1
RspCBC >= 1
RspDBC >= 2
Revision C and earlier revisions: RspDBC >= F2x11C[MctPrefReqLimit]+1
Revision D and later: RspDBC >= F2x11C[MctPrefReqLimit]+2
• To ensure deadlock free operation when online spare is enabled (F2x[1, 0][5C:40][Spare] = 1) the following
minimum buffer allocation is required:
RspCBC >= 13
• The total number of command buffers allocated in this register must satisfy the following equation:
ProbeCBC + RspCBC <= 32
Bits
Description
31:22 Reserved.
21:16 RspDBC: response data buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 32. Valid values are greater than or
equal to 2 and less than or equal to 32.
15:13 Reserved.
12:8 ProbeCBC: probe command buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: Ch.
7:5
Reserved.
4:0
RspCBC: response command buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 14h.
F3x7C Free List Buffer Count Register
Updates to this register do not take effect until after a warm reset.
To ensure deadlock free operation the following minimum buffer allocations are required:
• If Sri2XbarFreeRspCBC = 0: Sri2XbarFreeXreqCBC >2
• If Sri2XbarFreeRspCBC != 0: Sri2XbarFreeRspCBC > 2
• If Sri2XbarFreeRspDBC = 0: Sri2XbarFreeXreqDBC >2
• If Sri2XbarFreeRspDBC != 0: Sri2XbarFreeRspDBC > 2
• Xbar2SriFreeListCBC >= 2
See 2.6.4.2.5.1 [Recommended Buffer Count Settings for Single Link Processors] and 2.6.4.2.5.2 [Recommended Buffer Count Settings for Multi-link Processors].
Bits
31
Description
Reserved.
30:28 Xbar2SriFreeListCBInc: XBAR to SRI free list command buffer increment. Read-write. Cold
reset: 0. This is used to add buffers to the free list pool if they are reclaimed from hard allocated
entries without having to go through warm reset.
27:23 Reserved.
22:20 Sri2XbarFreeRspDBC: SRI to XBAR free response data buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 3.
19:16 Sri2XbarFreeXreqDBC: SRI to XBAR free request and posted request data buffer count. Readwrite. Cold reset: 3. When Sri2XbarFreeRspDBC=0h, these buffers are shared between requests,
responses and posted requests and the number of buffers allocated is two times the value of this field.
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
15:12 Sri2XbarFreeRspCBC: SRI to XBAR free response command buffer count. Read-write. Cold
reset: 15.
11:8 Sri2XbarFreeXreqCBC: SRI to XBAR free request and posted request command buffer count.
Read-write. Cold reset: 15. When Sri2XbarFreeRspCBC=0h, these buffers are shared between
requests, responses and posted requests and the number of buffers allocated is two times the value of
this field.
7:5
Reserved.
4:0
Xbar2SriFreeListCBC: XBAR to SRI free list command buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset:
varies based on the state of F3xE8[CmpCap] and whether the processor includes L3 cache:
• 1-core without L3 cache is 22.
• 2-core or any processor with L3 cache is 20.
• 3-core without L3 cache is 18.
• 4-core without L3 cache is 16.
F3x[84:80] ACPI Power State Control Registers
Reset: 0000 0000h. This block consists of eight identical 8-bit registers, one for each System Management
Action Field (SMAF) code associated with STPCLK assertion commands from the link. Refer to the table
below for the associated ACPI state and SMAF code for each of the 8 registers. Some ACPI states and associated SMAF codes may not be supported in certain conditions. Refer to section 2.4 [Power Management] for
information on which states are supported.
When a link STPCLK assertion command is received by the processor, the power management commands
specified by the register with the corresponding SMAF code are invoked. When the STPCLK deassertion command is received by the processor, the processor returns into the operational state.
Note: in multi-node systems, these registers should be programmed identically in all nodes.
Table 100: ACPI Power State Control Register SMAF Settings
ACPI
State
SMAF Description/Initiation
Code
Register/Setting
C2
000b
Initiated by a processor access to the ACPI-defined P_LVL2 register.
F3x80[7:0]: 81h
C3, C1E,
or Link
init
001b
Initiated by a processor access to the ACPI-defined P_LVL3 register or
in response to a write to the Link Frequency Change and Resize
LDTSTOP_L Command register in the IO hub. LDTSTOP_L is
expected to be asserted while in this state. C3 and C1e support varies by
revision. See Table 2 and 2.4.3.3 [C1 Enhanced State (C1E)]. See 2.7.7
[LDTSTOP Requirements].
F3x80[15:8]: If the link is
at a Gen1 frequency and
the chipset does not support a 10us minimum
LDTSTOP assertion time:
If ASB2 && F3xA0[SviHighFreqSel]=1: F6h.
Else: 87h.
Else: Revision B: A6h.
Revision C2: E6h.
Revision C3: If
F3xA0[SviHighFreqSel]=1: F6h. Else: E6h.
Revision D1 C32 and G34
processors: E6h.
Revision E: E6h.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Table 100: ACPI Power State Control Register SMAF Settings
FIDVID
change
010b
This is used for NB P-state changes. See 2.4.2.2 [NB P-states].
F3x80[23:16]: Revision
DA-C in S1g3 and revision
C3: 0Bh. All other revisions: 00h.
S1
011b
Initiated by a processor access to the ACPI-defined PM1_CNTa register. F3x80[31:24]: E6h
S3
100b
Initiated by a processor access to the ACPI-defined PM1_CNTa register. F3x84[7:0]: E6h
Throttling
101b
Occurs based upon SMC hardware-initiated throttling. AMD recomF3x84[15:8]: 41h
mends using PROCHOT_L for thermal throttling and not implementing
stop clock based throttling. Due to system interactions, throttling
settings in the chipset must be configured such that STPCLK_L is
deasserted for a sufficient amount of time to make forward progress. The amount of time varies with the number of cores and ClkDivisor settings. Deeper ClkDivisor settings or greater numbers
of cores require additional STPCLK_L deassertion time.
1.
S4/S5
110b
Initiated by a processor access to the ACPI-defined PM1_CNTa register. F3x84[23:16]:E6h
C1
111b
Initiated when a HLT instruction is executed by processor. This does not F3x84[31:24]: Revision B
involve the interaction with the SMC, therefore the SMC is required to with L2 and data cache
never send STPCLK assertion commands with SMAF=7h.
scrubbing disabled: A0h
Revision B with L2 or data
cache scrubbing enabled
and revision C and later
with cache flush on halt
disabled: 80h.
Revision C and later with
cache flush on halt
enabled: 01h. See 2.6.6
[Memory Scrubbers] and
2.4.3.4 [Cache Flush On
Halt].
See 2.6.4.2.5 [Display Refresh And IFCM].
Bits
Description
31:8 See above.
7:5
ClkDivisor: clock divisor. Read-write. Specifies the core clock frequency while in the low-power
state. This divisor is relative to the current FID frequency, or:
• 100 MHz * (10h + MSRC001_00[68:64][CpuFid]) of the current P-state specified by
MSRC001_0063[CurPstate].
If MSRC001_00[68:64][CpuDid] of the current P-state indicates a divisor that is deeper than specified by this field, then no frequency change is made when entering the low-power state associated
with this register. This field is encoded as follows:
Bits
Divisor
Bits
Divisor
000b Divide-by 1.
100b Divide-by 16.
001b Divide-by 2.
101b Divide-by 128.
010b Divide-by 4.
110b Divide-by 512.
011b Divide-by 8.
111b Turn off clocks.
See 2.6.6 [Memory Scrubbers].
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4
AltVidEn: alternate VID enable. Read-write. 1=The alternate VID is driven while in the low-power
state. If F3xA0[PviMode]=1, then the normal VID is applied; if F3xA0[PviMode]=0, then
F3xDC[AltVid] is applied to the core power plane and the normal VID is applied to VDDNB. See
2.4.1.5 [Alternative Voltage (Altvid)].
3
Reserved.
2
NbGateEn: Northbridge gate enable. Read-write. 1=MEMCLK is tristated when DRAM is in selfrefresh mode and LDTSTOP_L is asserted while in the low-power state. NbLowPwrEn is required to
be set if this bit is set.
1
NbLowPwrEn: Northbridge low-power enable. Read-write. 1=The NB clock is ramped down to
the divisor specified by [The Clock Power/Timing Control 0 Register] F3xD4[NbClkDiv] when
LDTSTOP_L is asserted while in the low-power state.
0
CpuPrbEn: CPU direct probe enable. Read-write. Specifies how probes are handled while in the
low-power state. For revision C and later, this bit also specifies functionality of the timer used for
cache flushing during halt (see F3xDC[CacheFlushOnHaltTmr]). 0=When the probe request comes
into the NB, the core clock is brought up to the COF (based on the current P-state), all outstanding
probes are completed, the core waits for a hysteresis time based on [The Clock Power/Timing Control
0 Register] F3xD4[ClkRampHystSel], and then the core clock is brought down to the frequency specified by ClkDivisor. 1=The core clock does not change frequency; the probe is handled at the frequency specified by ClkDivisor; this may only be set if:
• ClkDivisor specifies a divide-by 1, 2, 4, 8, or 16 and NB COF <= 3.2 GHz
• ClkDivisor specifies a divide-by 1, 2, 4, or 8 and NB COF >= 3.4 GHz
This bit should be set if probes are expected to occur while in the low-power state associated with the
SMAF.
F3x[8C:88] NB Configuration High, Low Registers
These addresses form a duplicated access space for MSRC001_001F. See MSRC001_001F[31:0] for F3x88
and MSRC001_001F[63:32] F3x8C.
F3x90 GART Aperture Control Register
Reset: 0000 0000h. Note: GART apertures or translations above 1 terabyte are not supported.
Bits
Description
31:7 Reserved.
6
DisGartTblWlkPrb: disable GART table walk probes. Read-write. 1=Disables generation of
probes for GART table walks. This bit may be set to improve performance in cases where the GART
table entries are in address space which is marked uncacheable in processor MTRRs or page tables.
5
DisGartIo: disable GART IO accesses. Read-write. 1=Disables requests from IO devices from
accessing the GART.
4
DisGartCpu: disable GART CPU accesses. Read-write. 1=Disables requests from CPUs from
accessing the GART.
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GartSize: GART size. Read-write. Specifies the size of address space allocated to the GART.
000b = 32 Mbytes
100b = 512 Mbytes
001b = 64 Mbytes
101b = 1 Gbyte
010b = 128 Mbytes
110b = 2 Gbytes
011b = 256 Mbytes
111b = Reserved
GartEn: GART enable. Read-write. 1=Enables GART address translation for accesses falling within
the GART aperture. F3x94[GartAperBaseAddr] and other related registers should be initialized
before GartEn is set.
F3x94 GART Aperture Base Register
Bits
Description
31:15 Reserved.
14:0 GartAperBaseAddr[39:25]: GART aperture base address bits[39:25]. Read-write. Reset: X.
Specifies the base address of the GART aperture range. Based on F3x90[GartSize], some of the LSB
address bits are assumed to be 0 (e.g., if the GART is 1 Gbyte, then only GartAperBaseAddr[39:30] is
meaningful). This field along with F3x90[GartSize] specifies the GART aperture address range. BIOS
can place the GART aperture below the 4-gigabyte level in address space in order to support legacy
operating systems and legacy AGP cards (that do not support 64-bit address space). Note: GART
apertures above 1 terabyte are not supported.
F3x98 GART Table Base Register
Reset: xxxx xxx0h.
Bits
Description
31:4 GartTblBaseAddr[39:12]: GART table base address bits[39:12]. Read-write. Specifies the base
address of the table of GART page table entries (PTEs) used in GART address translation. Accesses
to the GART aperture address range specified by F3x90 and F3x94, address GA[39:0], are translated
to the physical address specified by the corresponding GART PTE. Each PTE is 32-bits wide. The
first PTE corresponds to the first 4 KByte page of the GART aperture, and so on. PTEs are defined as
follows:
PTE bits
Description
31:12
Physical address bits[31:12].
11:4
Physical address bits[39:32].
3:2
Reserved.
1
Coherent: 1=Probes are required for accesses to the range.
0
Valid: 1=Entry is valid.
GART translations to addresses above 1 terabyte are not supported. The page table is required to
reside within DRAM address ranges. Also, the page tables are expected to translate to DRAM address
ranges only; translations to MMIO ranges result in undefined behavior.
3:0
Reserved.
F3x9C GART Cache Control Register
Reset: 0000 0000h.
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Bits
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Description
31:2 Reserved.
1
GartPteErr: GART PTE error. Read; set-by-hardware; write-1-to-clear. 1=An invalid PTE was
encountered during a table walk.
0
InvGart: invalidate GART. Read; write-1-only. Setting this bit causes the GART cache to be invalidated. This bit is cleared by hardware when the invalidation is complete.
F3xA0 Power Control Miscellaneous Register
Reset: 0000 0000h except bit 9.
Bits
Description
31
CofVidProg: COF and VID of P-states programmed. Read-only. 1=Out of cold reset, the VID and
FID values of the P-state register specified by MSRC001_0071[StartupPstate] have been applied to
the processor.0=Out of cold reset, the boot VID is applied to all processor power planes, the NB clock
plane is set to 800 MHz (with a FID of 00h=800 MHz and a DID of 0b) and core CPU clock planes
are set to 800 MHz (with a FID of 00h=1.6 GHz and a DID of 1h). This affects F3xD4[NbFidEn].
Registers containing P-state information such as FID, DID, and VID values are valid out of cold reset
independent of the state of F3xA0[CofVidProg]. BIOS must transition the processor to a valid P-state
out of cold reset when F3xA0[CofVidProg]=0. See 2.4.2.6 [BIOS Requirements for P-State Initialization and Transitions].
30
Reserved.
29
SlamVidMode: slam voltage ID mode. Read-write. This specifies the voltage transition type when
changing P-state. 1=The voltage is slammed. 0=The voltage is stepped. This bit is normally set if the
regulator includes built-in output voltage slew rate control. It is required to be programmed to the
same state in all nodes. See 2.4.1.8 [Hardware-Initiated Voltage Transitions]. BIOS should set this bit
to the inverse of F3xA0[PviMode].
28
NbPstateForce: NB P-state force on next LDTSTOP assertion. Read-write. 1=When there is a
pending NB P-state change (after the FIDVID broadcast), the NB P-state is changed on the next LDTSTOP assertion regardless of whether the SMAF code for the assertion matches [The ACPI Power
State Control Registers] F3x[84:80] in which NbCofChg is set. BIOS should set this bit for revision
DA-C and C3.
27:16 PstateId: P-state identifier. Read-only. This field specifies the P-state ID associated with the product.
15
Reserved.
14
BpPinsTriEn: breakpoint pins tristate enable. Revision D0 and earlier: Reserved. Revision D1 and
later: Read-write. 1=Tristate the BP[5:0] pins. If IdleExitEn=1, then BP[5] is not tristated regardless
of BpPinsTriEn. BIOS should program this bit to 1 for G34 and C32 processors.
13:11 PllLockTime: PLL synchronization lock time. Read-write. If a P-state change occurs that applies a
new FID to the PLL, this field specifies the time required for the PLL to lock to the new frequency.
These bits are encoded as follows:
000b 1 microsecond.
100b 8 microseconds.
001b 2 microseconds.
101b 16 microseconds.
010b 3 microseconds.
110b Reserved.
011b 4 microseconds.
111b Reserved.
For revision B, BIOS should set this field to 101b. For revision C and later, BIOS should set this field
to 001b.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
10
IdleExitEn. Revision D0 and earlier: Reserved. Revision D1 and later: Read-write. 1=Enable BP[5]
to function as the IDLE_EXIT_L pin. See BpPinsTriEn and 2.4.3.3.5 [BIOS Requirements to Initialize Message Triggered C1E]. This bit is only supported for revision D1 and later G34 and C32 processors.
9
SviHighFreqSel: SVI high frequency select. Revision C2 and earlier and revision D and later:
Reserved. Revision C3: Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 0=400 KHz. 1=3.4 MHz. Writes to this field take
effect at the next SVI command boundary. If 3.4 MHz is supported by the VRM, BIOS should program this to 1 prior to any VID transitions. Once this bit is set, it should not be cleared until the next
cold reset.
8
PviMode: parallel VID interface mode. Read-only. 1=The parallel VID interface is selected; singleor dual-plane operation. 0=The serial VID interface is selected; dual-plane operation. See. 2.4.1.1
[VID Pins And Interface Selection].
7
PsiVidEn: PSI_L VID enable. Read-write. This bit specifies how PSI_L is controlled. This signal
may be used by the voltage regulator to improve efficiency while in reduced power states. 1=Control
over the PSI_L signal is as specified by the PsiVid field of this register. 0=PSI_L is always high. See
2.4.1.4 [PSI_L].
6:0
PsiVid: PSI_L VID threshold. Read-write. When enabled by PsiVidEn, this field specifies the
threshold value of VID code generated by the processor, which in turn determines the state of PSI_L.
When the VID code generated by the processor is less than PsiVid (i.e., the VID code is specifying a
higher voltage level than the PsiVid-specified voltage level), then PSI_L is high; when the VID code
is greater than or equal to PsiVid, PSI_L is driven low. See 2.4.1.4 [PSI_L].
F3xA4 Reported Temperature Control Register
The processor measures temperature to 1/2-degree C resolution. However, temperature is reported through Tctl
with 1/8th-degree resolution. The translation to finer resolution is accomplished using slew rate controls in this
register. These specify how quickly Tctl steps to the measured temperature in 1/8th-degree steps. Separate controls are provided for measured temperatures that are higher and lower than Tctl. The per-step timer counts as
long as the measured temperature stays either above or below Tctl; each time the measured temperature flops
to the other side of Tctl, the step timer resets. If, for example, step times are enabled in both directions,
Tctl=62.625, and the measured temperature keeps jumping quickly between 62.5 and 63.0, then (assuming the
step times are long enough) Tctl would not change; however, once the measured temperature settles on one side
of Tctl, Tctl can step toward the measured temperature.
Bits
Description
31:21 CurTmp: current temperature. Read-only. Reset: X. Provides the current control temperature, Tctl
(after the slew-rate controls have been applied). This is encoded as value = 1/8th degree * Tctl, ranging from 0 to 255.875 degrees. See 2.10.1 [The Tctl Temperature Scale] and CurTmpSel. If
F3xE8[MultiNodeCpu]=1, this field should be accessed on internal node 0
(F3xE8[IntNodeNum]=00b) to obtain temperature information for the processor. Reading this field
on internal node 1 provides only the temperature for internal node 1. If CurTmpSel=11b,
programming this field on internal node 1 does not affect CurTmp or temperature-driven logic on
internal node 0.
20:18 Reserved.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
17:16 CurTmpSel. Current temperature select. Read-write. Reset: 00. These bits may be used for diagnostic software. This bits are encoded as:
00b = CurTmp provides the read-only Tctl value.
01b = Undefined.
10b = Undefined.
11b = CurTmp is a read-write register that specifies a value, used to create Tctl. The two LSBs are
read-only zero.
15:13 Reserved.
12:8 PerStepTimeDn[4:0]: per 1/8th degree step time down. Read-write. Cold reset: 18h (1 second).
This specifies the time per 1/8-degree step of Tctl when the measured temperature is less than the Tctl.
It is encoded the same as PerStepTimeUp. For S1g3, G34, C32, and revision C3 and E processors,
BIOS should program this to 0Fh.
7
TmpSlewDnEn: temperature slew downward enable. Read-write. Cold reset: 0b. 1=Slew rate controls in the downward direction are enabled. 0=Downward slewing disabled; if the measured temperature is detected to be less than Tctl then Tctl is updated to match the measured temperature. BIOS
should set this bit to 1.
6:5
TmpMaxDiffUp: temperature maximum difference up. Read-write. Cold reset: 000b. This specifies the maximum difference between Tctl and the measured temperature, when the measured value is
greater than Tctl (i.e., when the temperature has risen). If this difference exceeds the specified value,
Tctl jumps to the measured temperature value. This field is encoded as follows:
00b = Upward slewing disabled; if the measured temperature is detected to be greater than Tctl
then Tctl is updated to match the measured temperature.
01b = Tctl is held to less than or equal to measured temperature minus 1.0 degrees C.
10b = Tctl is held to less than or equal to measured temperature minus 3.0 degrees C.
11b = Tctl is held to less than or equal to measured temperature minus 9.0 degrees C.
For S1g3, G34, C32, and revision C3 and E processors, BIOS should program this to 11b.
4:0
PerStepTimeUp[4:0]: per 1/8th degree step time up. Read-write. Cold reset: 00h. This specifies the
time per 1/8-degree step of Tctl when the measured temperature is greater than the reported temperature. It is encoded as follows:
Bits[4:3] Step Time
00b
(Bits[2:0] + 1) * 1 millisecond, ranging from 1 to 8 milliseconds.
01b
(Bits[2:0] + 1) * 10 millisecond, ranging from 10 to 80 milliseconds.
10b
(Bits[2:0] + 1) * 100 millisecond, ranging from 100 to 800 milliseconds.
11b
(Bits[2:0] + 1) * 1 second, ranging from 1 to 8 seconds.
For S1g3, G34, C32, and revision C3 and E processors, BIOS should program this to 0Fh.
F3xA8 Popup P-state Register
Reset: 0000 0000h except bits 31:29.
Bits
Description
31:29 PopDownPstate. Revision D1 and earlier: Reserved. Revision E: Read-write. Reset:
F3xDC[PstateMaxVal]. Specifies the pop-down P-state number. This field uses hardware P-state
numbering.
28
Reserved.
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27
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
CacheFlushPopDownEn. Revision D1 and earlier: Reserved. Revision E: Read-write. 1=Cores automatically transition to the pop-down P-state after flushing caches in a non-C0 C-state. 0=Cores do not
automatically transition to the pop-down P-state in a non-C0 C-state. BIOS should set this bit if
F4x15C[NumBoostStates] != 0. See 2.4.2.1.1 [Core Performance Boost (CPB)].
26:0 Reserved.
F3xB0 On-Line Spare Control Register
See 2.8.12 [On-Line Spare].
Bits
Description
31:28 LvtOffset: local vector table offset. Reset: 0000b. This specifies the address of the LVT entry in the
APIC registers as follows: LVT address = (LvtOffset shifted left 4 bits) + 500h (see APIC[530:500]).
This offset applies to SwapDoneInt and EccErrInt interrupts.
27:24 EccErrCnt: ECC error count. Read-write (modified by EccErrCntWrEn). Reset: 0. This field
returns the number of ECC errors for the chip select selected by the EccErrCntDramCs, and EccErrCntChan. This field can be written by software to clear the count. This field returns Fh if 15 or more
correctable ECC errors have occurred.
23
EccErrCntWrEn: ECC error counter write enable. Read-write. Reset: 0. 1=Enable writes to the
EccErrCnt field.
22:21 Reserved.
20
EccErrCntChan: ECC error counter channel. Read-write. Reset: 0. Specifies the DCT for which
ECC error count information is returned in the EccErrCnt field. 0=DCT0. 1=DCT1.
19:16 EccErrCntDramCs[3:0]: ECC error counter DRAM chip select. Read-write. Reset: 0. This field
specifies the DRAM chip select (as specified in [The DRAM CS Base Address Registers] F2x[1,
0][5C:40]) for which ECC error count information is returned in the EccErrCnt field. Depending only
the production, this field is interpreted as follows:
• DDR products: EccErrCntDramCs[3] does not matter and EccErrCntDramCs[2:0] specifies the
error count for the address range of one of the eight chip select specified by [The DRAM CS Base
Address Registers] F2x[1, 0][5C:40].
15:14 EccErrInt: ECC error interrupt type. Read-write. Reset: 0. This field specifies the type of interrupt
generated when the EccErrCnt field for any chip select and channel transitions to 1111b.
00b = No Interrupt.
01b = APIC based interrupt (see LvtOffset) to all cores.
10b = SMI trigger event (always routed to CpuCoreNum 0, as defined in section 2.9.2 [CPU Cores
and Downcoring]); see 2.13.2.3 [SMI Sources And Delivery].
11b = Reserved.
13:12 SwapDoneInt: swap done interrupt type. Read-write. Reset: 0. This field specifies the type of interrupt generated when a swap is complete.
00b = No Interrupt.
01b = APIC based interrupt (see LvtOffset) to all cores.
10b = SMI trigger event (always routed to CpuCoreNum 0, as defined in section 2.9.2 [CPU Cores
and Downcoring]); see 2.13.2.3 [SMI Sources And Delivery].
11b = Reserved.
11
Reserved.
10:8 BadDramCs1: bad DRAM chip select DCT1. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. See BadDramCs0 below.
7
Reserved.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
6:4
BadDramCs0: bad DRAM chip select DCT0. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. This field is programmed
with the DRAM chip select to be replaced when SwapEn is set. This field cannot be written when
SwapDone is set. BadDramCs0 applies to DCT0 and BadDramCs1 applies to DCT1. BadDramCs0
and BadDramCs1 must be programmed to the same value if the DCTs are operating in ganged mode
(F2x110[DctGangEn]=1).
3
SwapDone1: swap done DCT1. Read-write; set-by-hardware. Cold reset: 0. See SwapDone0 below.
2
SwapEn1: swap enable DCT1. Read; write-1-only. Reset: 0. See SwapEn0 below.
1
SwapDone0: swap done DCT0. Read-write; set-by-hardware. Cold reset: 0. 1=The hardware has
completed copying the data to the spare rank. This bit can also be set by BIOS to immediately enable
the swap to the spare rank after suspend to RAM. Once this bit is set it cannot be cleared by software.
This bit cannot be set by software if DRAM is enabled F2x110[DramEnable]. SwapDone0 applies to
DCT0 and SwapDone1 applies to DCT1.
0
SwapEn0: swap enable DCT0. Read; write-1-only. Reset: 0. Setting this bit causes the hardware to
copy the contents of the DRAM chip select identified by BadDramCs to the spare rank. The DRAM
scrubber (F3x5C) must be enabled with a scrub address range that encompasses the address of the bad
chip select for the swap to occur. The scrub rate is accelerated automatically by hardware until the
copy completes, at which point the scrub rate returns to normal. During the copy, DRAM accesses
(including accesses to the bad CS) proceed normally. Once this bit is set, it cannot be cleared by software. SwapEn0 applies to DCT0 and SwapEn1 applies to DCT1. SwapEn0 and SwapEn1 must be
programmed to the same value if the DCTs are operating in ganged mode (F2x110[DctGangEn]=1).
F3xC4 SBI P-state Limit Register
Revision C and earlier: Reserved. Revision D and later: Reset: 0000 0000h. This register is used by the APML
interface. See 2.12.3 [Sideband Interface (SBI)]. F3xC4 should only be programmed on internal node 0
(F3xE8[IntNodeNum]=00b) if F3xE8[MultiNodeCpu]=1. This register specifies a P-state limit for all cores in
the processor. See 2.4.2.3 [P-state Limits].
Bits
Description
31:11 Reserved.
10:8 PstateLimit: P-state limit select. Read-write from APML interface; read-only from configuration
space. Specifies the P-state limit of all cores when activated by F3xC4[PstateLimitEn]. This field uses
hardware P-state numbering and is not changed on a write if the value written is greater than
MSRC001_0061[PstateMaxVal] + F4x15C[NumBoostStates]. See 2.4.2.1.2.2 [Hardware P-state
Numbering].
7:1
0
Reserved.
PstateLimitEn: P-state limit enable. Read-write from APML interface; read-only from configuration space. 1=The P-state of all cores is limited to F3xC4[PstateLimit]. 0=The P-state of the cores is
not limited by F3xC4[PstateLimit].
F3xD4 Clock Power/Timing Control 0 Register
Reset: see field definitions.
Bits
31
Description
NbClkDivApplyAll. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. See NbClkDiv. BIOS should program this bit to 1.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
30:28 NbClkDiv: NB clock divisor. Read-write. Cold reset: value varies by product. Specifies the NB CLK
divisor associated with [The ACPI Power State Control Registers] F3x[84:80][NbLowPwrEn]. This
divisor is applied while LDTSTOP is asserted if the corresponding core CLK divisor,
F3x[84:80][ClkDivisor], is set to “turn off clocks” or if NBClkDivApplyAll=1; otherwise, the divisor
specified by F3x[84:80][ClkDivisor] is applied. This divisor is relative to the current NB FID frequency, or:
• 200 MHz * (4 + F3xD4[NbFid]).
If MSRC001_00[68:64][NbDid] of the current P-state indicates a divisor that is lower than specified
by this field, then no NB frequency change is made when entering the low-power state associated
with this register (i.e., if this field specifies a divide-by 1 and the DID is divide-by 2, then the divisor
remains 2 while in the low-power state). This field is encoded as follows:
Bits
Divisor
Bits
Divisor
000b Divide-by 1.
100b Divide-by 16.
001b Divide-by 2.
101b1 Divide-by 128.
010b Divide-by 4.
110b Reserved.
011b Divide-by 8.
111b Reserved.
1. This setting is only supported for revision DA-C2 and single link C3 processors and only if the
link is running in Gen3 mode.
For revision DA-C2 in S1g3 package, if the link is running in Gen3 mode, BIOS should program this
field to 101b. For all other cases, BIOS should program this field to 100b.
27:24 PowerStepUp. Read-write. Cold reset: 0000b. This specifies the rate at which blocks of core and NB
logic are gated on while the processor transitions from a quiescent state to an active state as part of a
power management state transition. There are about 12 steps in this transition of each core and about
5 steps for the NB for the PowerStepDown and PowerStepUp transitions. The total transition time for
a single core is about 12 times the time specified by PowerStepDown and PowerStepUp and the transition time for the NB is about 5 times the time specified by PowerStepDown and PowerStepUp. Use
of longer transition times may help reduce voltage transients associated with power state transitions.
The bits for PowerStepUp and PowerStepDown are encoded as follows:
Time
Bits
Time
Bits
Time
Bits
Time
Bits
0000b 400ns.
0100b 90ns.
1000b 50ns.
1100b 30ns.
0001b 300ns.
0101b 80ns.
1001b 45ns.
1101b 25ns.
0010b 200ns.
0110b 70ns.
1010b 40ns.
1110b 20ns.
0011b 100ns.
0111b 60ns.
1011b 35ns.
1111b 15ns.
If PowerStepDown or PowerStepUp are programmed to greater than 50ns, then the value applied to
NB steps is clipped to 50ns. BIOS should program the PowerStepDown and PowerStepUp fields as
follows:
• Single-link processors: 1000b.
• Multi-link processors where F0x68[DispRefModeEn]=1 or F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][IsocEn]=1: 1000b.
• Other multi-link processors: PowerStepDown (ns) = PowerStepUp (ns) = 400 / # of cores in the
node (e.g. 4 cores = 400 / 4 = 100ns = 0011b).
23:20 PowerStepDown. Read-write. Cold reset: 0000b. This specifies the rate at which blocks of core and
NB logic are gated off while the processor transitions from an active state to a quiescent state as part
of a power management state transition. See PowerStepUp for details.
19:18 Reserved.
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17:16 LnkPllLock. Read-write. Cold reset: 00b. This specifies the link PLL lock time applied when the link
frequency is programmed to change during a link disconnect-reconnect sequence. The reconnect
sequence is delayed to ensure that the PLL is locked. BIOS should set this field to 01b.
Bits
PLL lock time
00b
1 microsecond.
01b
10 microseconds.
10b
100 microseconds.
11b
1000 microseconds.
15
StutterScrubEn: stutter mode scrub enable. Revisions D0 and earlier: Reserved. Revision D1 and
later: Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 1=Enable DRAM scrubbing when LDTSTOP_L is deasserted during
stutter mode. One scrub request is sent for each LDTSTOP_L deassertion. See 2.4.3.3.5 [BIOS
Requirements to Initialize Message Triggered C1E].
14
CacheFlushImmOnAllHalt: cache flush immediate on all halt. Revisions D0 and earlier:
Reserved. Revision D1 and later: Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 1=Flush the caches immediately when all
cores in a package have halted. Setting this bit has no effect if F3xDC[CacheFlushOnHaltCtl] = 0. See
2.4.3.3.5 [BIOS Requirements to Initialize Message Triggered C1E].
13
MTC1eEn: message triggered C1E enable. Revisions D0 and earlier: Reserved. Revision D1 and
later: Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 1=Enables message triggered C1E. See 2.4.3.3.5 [BIOS Requirements to Initialize Message Triggered C1E].
12
ClkRampHystCtl: clock ramp hysteresis control. Revision B: Reserved. Revision C: Read-write.
Cold reset: 0b. When F3x[84:80][CpuPrbEn]=0, this field selects the time base for F3xD4[ClkRampHystSel]. 0=The time base is 320ns. 1=The time base is 1.28us. BIOS should leave this field in the
reset state.
11:8 ClkRampHystSel: clock ramp hysteresis select. Read-write. Cold reset: 0000b. When the core(s)
are in the stop-grant or halt state and a probe request is received, the core clock may need to be
brought up to service the probe.
• If F3x[84:80][CpuPrbEn]=0 for the low-power state, then this field specifies how long the core
clock is left up to service additional probes before being brought back down. Each time a probe
request is received, the hysteresis timer is reset such that the period of time specified by this field
must expire with no probe request before the core clock is brought back down. For revision B, the
hysteresis time is encoded as 320ns * (1 + ClkRampHystSel). For revision C and later, the hysteresis time is encoded as (the time base specified by F3xD4[ClkRampHystCtl]) * (1 + ClkRampHystSel).
• If F3x[84:80][CpuPrbEn]=1 for the low-power state, and for requests to change core P-states, then
this field specifies a fixed amount of time to allow for probes to be serviced after completing the
transition of each core. If, for example, two cores enter stop-grant or halt at the same time, then (1)
the first core would complete the transition to the low power state, (2) probe traffic would be
serviced for the time specified by this field, (3) the second core would complete the transition to the
low power state, and (4) probe traffic would be seviced for the time specified by this field (and
afterwards, until the next power state transition). For this purpose, values range from 0h=40ns to
Fh=640ns, encoded as 40ns * (1 + ClkRampHystSel).
• BIOS should set this field to 1111b.
7:6
Reserved.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
5
NbFidEn: Northbridge frequency ID enable. Read-write. Cold reset: value is the same as
F3xA0[CofVidProg]. This specifies the NB FID after warm or cold resets. 0=After a cold reset, the
NB FID is 800 MHz, regardless of the state of NbFid. After a warm reset, the NB FID is the NB FID
before the warm reset, regardess of the state of NbFid.1=The NB FID is specified by NbFid. See 2.4.2
[P-states].
4:0
NbFid: Northbridge frequency ID. Read-write. Cold reset: value varies by product. After a cold
reset, this specifies the FID at which the NB is designed to operate. After a warm or cold reset, the NB
FID may or may not be reflected in this field, based on the state of NbFidEn. The NB FID may be
updated to the value of this field through a warm or cold reset if NbFidEn=1. If that has occurred, then
the NB COF is specified by:
• NB COF = 200 MHz * (F3xD4[NbFid] + 4h) / (2^MSRC001_00[68:64][NbDid]).
This field must be programmed to the requirements specified in MSRC001_0071[MaxNbFid] and
must be less than or equal to 1Bh, otherwise undefined behavior results. This field must be
programmed to the same value for all nodes in the coherent fabric as specified by 2.4.2.9 [BIOS
Northbridge COF and VID Configuration]. See 2.4.2 [P-states]. BIOS must not change the NbFid
after enabling the DRAM controller.
F3xD8 Clock Power/Timing Control 1 Register
The VID(s) are provided by the processor to the external voltage regulator(s). They can be altered through Pstate changes.
Bits Description
31:28 Reserved.
27:24 ReConDel: link reconnect delay. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Specifies the approximate delay, in
microseconds, from the deassertion of LDTSTOP_L until the link initialization process is allowed to
start in Gen1 mode if F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][LdtStopTriEn]=1 and F0x[18C:170][LS2En]=1. The
assertion of CTL is delayed until the specified time has elapsed. See 2.7.6 [Link LDTSTOP_L Disconnect-Reconnect] for information on when this is applied. The receiver is always enabled 1us after
deassertion of LDTSTOP_L, regardless of the setting of this field or other delays in assertion of CTL.
BIOS should program this field to 3h.
0h = 1.6us.
1h = 2us.
...
9h = 10us.
All other values are reserved.
23
Reserved.
22:16 AltVidStart: alternate VID start limit. Read-write. Cold reset: 00h. Specifies the current VID limit
required before driving out the alternate VID. The alternate VID (specified byF3xDC[AltVid]) is provided to the voltage regulator only if the voltage specified by the current VID is less than or equal to
the voltage level specified by AltVidStart. See 2.4.1.5 [Alternative Voltage (Altvid)]. BIOS should
program this to the same as MSRC001_00[68:64][CpuVid] of the P-state specified by
F3xDC[PstateMaxVal]. This should be done after all changes to MSRC001_00[68:64][CpuVid] and
F3xDC[PstateMaxVal] are complete.
14:8 TdpVid: thermal design power VID. Read-write. Cold reset: value varies by product. Specifies the
voltage used to calculate the TDP of the processor. TdpVid is always encoded using Table 8. See
2.4.2.10 [Processor-Systemboard Power Removal Check].
7
Reserved.
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6:4
3
2:0
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
VSRampTime: voltage stabilization ramp time. Read-write. Cold reset: 000b. Specifies the time to
wait for voltage stabilization after each internal 7 bit VID increment (regardless of whether the SVI or
PVI is used), if the voltage level is ramped. Refer to section 2.4.1.6 [VID Encodings] for internal 7 bit
VID code to PVI VID encodings. If in SVI mode, this time measures the period from the end of each
SVI command to the start of the next SVI command. See 2.4.1.8 [Hardware-Initiated Voltage Transitions].
Bits
Time
Bits
Time
000b
10 microseconds
100b
60 microseconds
001b
20 microseconds
101b
100 microseconds
010b
30 microseconds
110b
200 microseconds
011b
40 microseconds
111b
500 microseconds
BIOS should set this field to 001b.
Reserved.
VSSlamTime: voltage stabilization slam time. Read-write. Cold reset: 000b. Specifies the time to
wait for voltage stabilization if a new VID is provided to the voltage regulator without ramping. See
2.4.1.8 [Hardware-Initiated Voltage Transitions]. If in SVI mode, then this time measures the period
after the end of the SVI command.
Bits
Time
Bits
Time
000b
10 microseconds
100b
60 microseconds
001b
20 microseconds
101b
100 microseconds
010b
30 microseconds
110b
200 microseconds
011b
40 microseconds
111b
500 microseconds
BIOS should program this field according to the following equation: VSSlamTime = x * [P0 voltage Pmin voltage] where x=.4us/mV for server and desktop processors and x=.2us/mV for mobile processors. The VSSlamTime value should be rounded up to the nearest programmable time if necessary.
Lower VSSlamTime values are allowed if supported by the voltage regulator. Higher values may also
be necessary based on voltage regulator requirements. See F3xDC[AltvidVSSlamTime, SlamTimeMode].
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F3xDC Clock Power/Timing Control 2 Register
Reset: see field definitions.
Bits
Description
31:29 AltvidVSSlamTime: altvid voltage stabilization slam time. Revision C2 and earlier and revision D
and later: Reserved. Revision C3: Read-write. Cold reset: 000b. Specifies the time to wait for voltage
stabilization during altvid transitions if a new VID is provided to the voltage regulator without ramping. See SlamTimeMode and 2.4.3.5 [C5].
Bits
Time
Bits
Time
000b
< 1 microsecond
100b
50 microseconds
001b
10 microseconds
101b
70 microseconds
010b
20 microseconds
110b
80 microseconds
011b
40 microseconds
111b
90 microseconds
BIOS should program this field according to the following equation: AltvidVSSlamTime = x * [Pmin
voltage - altvid voltage] where x=.4us/mV for server and desktop processors and x=.2us/mV for
mobile processors. The AltvidVSSlamTime value should be rounded up to the nearest programmable
time.
28:27 SlamTimeMode. Revision C2 and earlier and revision D and later: Reserved. Revision C3: Readwrite. Cold reset: 00b. Specifies the voltage stabilization slam time to use for transitions to lower performance P-states and altvid. Transitions to higher performance P-states always use F3xD8[VSSlamTime].
Bits
P-state transition down
Altvid entry
Altvid exit
00b
F3xD8[VSSlamTime]
< 1 us
AltvidVSSlamTime
01b
F3xD8[VSSlamTime]
AltvidVSSlamTime
AltvidVSSlamTime
10b
0 us
< 1 us
AltvidVSSlamTime
11b
F3xD8[VSSlamTime]
F3xD8[VSSlamTime]
F3xD8[VSSlamTime]
If CPUID Fn8000_0001_EBX[PkgType]=0010b or 0100b, BIOS should program this to 10b; else
BIOS should leave this field at 00b. See 2.4.3.5 [C5]. If this field is programmed to a value less than
11b, the following condition must be true:
• F3xD8[AltVidStart]=MSRC001_00[68:64][CpuVid] of the P-state specified by F3xDC[PstateMaxVal].
26
Reserved.
25:19 CacheFlushOnHaltTmr: cache flush on halt timer. Revision B: Reserved. Revision C and later:
Read-write. Cold reset: 00h. When cache flushing during halt is enabled (see F3xDC[CacheFlushOnHaltCtl]) this field specifies how long each core needs to stay in halt before it flushes its caches.
Bits
Time
0h
<= 5.12us
01h - 7Fh
(CacheFlushOnHaltTmr * 10.24us) - 5.12us <= Time <= CacheFlushOnHaltTmr *
10.24us
If F3x[84:80][CpuPrbEn]=0 for the C1 state, only the time when the core is halted and has its clocks
ramped up to service probes is counted. If F3x[84:80][CpuPrbEn]=1 for the C1 state, all of the time
the core is halted is counted.
BIOS should program this as follows:
• Revision DA-C and C3 single-link processors where CPUID Fn8000_0006_EDX[L3Size]=0: 4h.
• Revision E if CPB is enabled: Ch.
• All other revisions: 28h.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
18:16 CacheFlushOnHaltCtl: cache flush on halt control. Revision B: Reserved. Revision C and later:
Read-write. Cold reset: 000b. Specifies whether caches are flushed during halt and what core clock
divisor is used after the caches have been flushed. BIOS should leave this field at 000b for revision
C2 single-core processors. For all other processors BIOS should program this to 111b.
Bits
Divisor
Bits
Divisor
000b Cache flush on halt disabled. 100b Divide-by 16.
001b Divide-by 2.
101b Divide-by 128.
010b Divide-by 4.
110b Divide-by 512.
011b Divide-by 8.
111b Turn off clocks.
See [The ACPI Power State Control Registers] F3x[84:80] for clock divisor specifications that are in
effect during halt before the caches have been flushed.
15
Reserved.
14:12 NbsynPtrAdj: NB/core synchronization FIFO pointer adjust. Read-write. Cold reset: 0h. There is
a synchronization FIFO between the NB clock domain and core clock domains. At cold reset, the read
pointer and write pointer for each of these FIFOs is positioned conservatively, such that FIFO latency
may be greater than is necessary. This field may be used to position the read pointer and write pointer
of each FIFO closer to each other such that latency is reduced. Each increment of this field represents
one clock cycle of whichever is the slower clock (longer period) between the NB clock and the core
clock. After writing to this field, the new values are applied after a warm reset. If (Revision B and earlier) || (BL-C) || (DA-C) || (Revision RB-C3 && F3x1F0[NbPstate]!=000b), BIOS should program
this field to 5h; otherwise BIOS should program this field to 6h. Values less than the recommended
value are allowed; values greater than the recommended value are illegal.
0h Position the read pointer 0 clock cycles closer to the write pointer.
1h Position the read pointer 1 clock cycles closer to the write pointer.
...
...
6h Position the read pointer 6 clock cycles closer to the write pointer.
11
Reserved.
10:8 PstateMaxVal: P-state maximum value. Read-write. Cold reset: specified by the reset state of
MSRC001_00[68:64][PstateEn]; the cold reset value is the highest P-state number corresponding to
the MSR in which PstateEn is set (e.g., if MSRC001_0064 and MSRC001_0065 have this bit set and
the others do not, then PstateMaxVal=1; if PstateEn is not set in any of these MSRs, then
PstateMaxVal=0). This specifies the highest P-state value (lowest performance state) supported by the
hardware. See MSRC001_0061[PstateMaxVal]. This field uses hardware P-state numbering. See
2.4.2.1.2.2 [Hardware P-state Numbering].
7
6:0
Reserved.
AltVid: alternate VID. Read-write. Cold reset: value varies by product. If F3xA0[PviMode]=0, this
specifies the VID driven to the VDD power plane while in the low-power state, as specified by [The
ACPI Power State Control Registers] F3x[84:80][AltVidEn]. This field is required to be programmed
as specified by MSRC001_0071[MaxVid and MinVid]. See 2.4.1.5 [Alternative Voltage (Altvid)].
F3xE4 Thermtrip Status Register
Reset: 0000 0000h, except bits[14:8, 5, 3 and 1]; see below.
Bits
31
Description
SwThermtp: software THERMTRIP. Write-1-only. Writing a 1 to this bit position induces a
THERMTRIP event. This bit returns 0 when read. This is a diagnostic bit, and it should be used for
testing purposes only.
30:15 Reserved.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
14:8 DiodeOffset. Read-only. Reset: value varies by product. This field is used to specify the correction
value applied to thermal diode measurements. See 2.10.2 [Thermal Diode]. It is encoded as follows:
00h is Diode not supported.
01h to 3Fh: correction = +11C - DiodeOffset, or {01h to 3Fh} = {+10C to -52C}.
40h to 7Fh: undefined.
7:6
Reserved.
5
ThermtpEn: THERMTRIP enable. Read-only. 1=The THERMTRIP state as specified in section
2.10.3.3 [THERMTRIP] is supported by the processor.
4
Reserved.
3
ThermtpSense: THERMTRIP sense. Read-only. Cold reset: 0. 1=The processor temperature
exceeded the THERMTRIP value (regardless as to whether the THERMTRIP state is enabled).
2
Reserved.
1
Thermtp: THERMTRIP. Read-only. Cold reset: 0. 1=The processor has entered the THERMTRIP
state.
0
Reserved.
F3xE8 Northbridge Capabilities Register
All fields are read-only. Unless otherwise specified, 1=The feature is supported by the processor; 0=The feature is not supported.
Bits
Description
31:30 IntNodeNum. Revision C and prior revisions: Reserved. Revision D and later: Specifies the internal
node number for multi-node processors.
00b
node 0.
01b
node 1.
1xb
reserved
29
MultiNodeCpu. Revision C and prior revisions: Reserved. Revision D and later: 1=The processor is
a multi-node processor. 0=The processor is a single-node processor.
25
L3Capable. 1=Specifies that an L3 cache is present. See CPUID Fn8000_0006_EDX.
24
Reserved.
23:20 UnGangEn: link unganging enabled. 0=Link is forced into the ganged state and may not be placed
into the unganged state. 1=Unganging is supported. Bit[20] applies to link 0; bit[21] applies to link 1;
bit[22] applies to link 2; bit[23] applies to link 3. See 2.7 [Links].
19
Reserved.
18:16 MpCap: MP capability. Specifies the maximum number of processors supported as follows:
111b 1 processor.
110b 2 processors.
101b 4 processors.
000b 8 processors.
All other values are reserved.
15
CmpCap[2]: CMP capable[2]. Revision C and earlier: Reserved. Revision D and later: See CmpCap[1:0].
14
Multiple VID plane capable.
13:12 CmpCap[1:0]: CMP capable[1:0]. This field along with CmpCap[2] specifies the number of cores
present on the node. 000b=1; 001b=2; 010b=3; 011b=4; 100b=5; 101b=6. The value of CmpCap is
unaffected by F3x190[DisCore].
11
LnkRtryCap. Link error-retry capable.
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
10
HTC capable. This affects F3x64 and F3x68.
9
SVM capable.
8
MctCap: memory controller (on the processor) capable.
7:5
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
DdrMaxRate. Specifies the maximum DRAM data rate that the processor is designed to support.
Bits
DDR limit
Bits
DDR limit
000b No limit
100b 800 MT/s
001b Reserved
101b 667 MT/s
010b 1333 MT/s
110b 533 MT/s
011b 1067 MT/s
111b 400 MT/s
4
Chipkill ECC capable.
3
ECC capable.
2
Eight-node multi-processor capable.
1
Dual-node multi-processor capable.
0
DctDualCap: two-channel DRAM capable (i.e., 128 bit). 0=Single channel (64-bit) only.
F3xF0 DEV Capability Header Register
See 2.6.3 [DMA Exclusion Vectors (DEV)]. Note: if SVM is not supported, as specified by F3xE8[SVM
Capable], then this register is reserved. See Table 2 for revision specific DEV support.
DMA Exclusion Vectors (DEV) are contiguous arrays of bits in physical memory. Each bit in the DEV table
represents a 4KB page of physical memory; the DEV applies to accesses that target system memory and
MMIO, but not to accesses within the GART aperture (see 2.6.2 [The GART]). The DEV table is packed as
follows: bit[0] of byte 0 (pointed to by the DEV table base address, F3xF8_x0 and F3xF8_x1) controls the first
4K bytes of physical memory (starting at address 00_0000_0000h); bit[1] of byte 0 controls the second 4K
bytes of physical memory; etc. When a DEV table bit is set to one, accesses to that physical page by external
DMA devices is not allowed. If an external device attempts to access a protected physical page, then the processor master aborts the request.
In addition, the processor supports multiple protection domains. There is a DEV table for each protection
domain. Link-defined UnitIDs may be assigned to the DEV of a specific protection domain through F3xF8_x2.
DEV table walks for each protection domain are cached in the NB to reduce the number DEV table access to
system memory.
The DEV function is configured through F3xF0, F3xF4, F3xF8, and an array of registers called F3xF8_x[7:0],
which are defined following F3xF8. [The DEV Function/Index Register] F3xF4 and [The DEV Data Port]
F3xF8 are used to access F3xF8_x[7:0]. The register number (i.e., the number that follows “x” in the register
mnemonic) is specified by F3xF4[DevFunction]. In addition, F3xF8_x0, F3xF8_x1, and F3xF8_x2 are each
instantiated multiplied times, indexed by F3xF4[DevIndex]. To access the registers, F3xF4[DevFunction and
DevIndex] are programmed to point to the appropriate register and the read or write access is directed at
F3xF8.
Bits
Description
31:22 Reserved.
21
IntCap: interrupt reporting capability. Read-only. Reset: 0. 0=Indicates that interrupt reporting of
DEV protection violations is not present on this device.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
20
MceCap: MCE reporting capability. Read-only. Reset: 1. Indicates that machine check architecture
reporting of DEV protection violations is present on this device.
19
Reserved.
18:16 CapType: DEV capability block type. Read-only. Reset: 000b. Specifies the layout of the Capability
Block.
15:8 CapPtr: capability pointer. Read-only. Reset: 00h. Indicates that this is the last capability block.
7:0
CapId: capability ID. Read-only. Reset: 0Fh. Indicates a DEV capability block.
F3xF4 DEV Function/Index Register
Reset: 0000 0000h. Note: if SVM is not supported, as specified by F3xE8[SVM Capable], then this register is
reserved.
Bits
Description
31:16 Reserved.
15:8 DevFunction. Read-write. See F3xF0 for details. Valid values for this field are 00h through 07h.
7:0
DevIndex. Read-write. See F3xF0 for details. Valid values for this field are (1) 00h through
(F3xF8_x3[NDomains] - 1) when either F3xF8_x0 or F3xF8_x1 are being accessed and (2) 00h
through (F3xF8_x3[NMaps] - 1) when F3xF8_x2 is being accessed; this field is ignored for accesses
to all other DEV configuration registers.
F3xF8 DEV Data Port
Note: if SVM is not supported, as specified by F3xE8[SVM Capable], then this location and registers
F3xF8_x[7:0] are reserved. See F3xF0 for details about this port.
F3xF8_x0 DEV Base Address/Limit Low Register
Reset: 0000 0000h. This register is instantiated multiple times, specified by F3xF8_x3[NDomains]. Each
instantiation corresponds to a protection domain number, identical to F3xF4[DevIndex], which is the index to
the instantiation. See F3xF0 for more details.
Bits
Description
31:12 BaseAddress[31:12]: DEV table base address bits[31:12]. Read-write. These bits are combined
with F3xF8_x1[BaseAddress[47:32]] to specify the base address of the DEV table. The DEV table is
required to be in either non-cacheable or write-through memory. Placing DEV tables in MMIO space
is not supported. If any part of the DEV table is in other than system memory, then undefined behavior results.
11:7 Reserved.
6:2
Size: DEV table size. Read-write. These bits specify the size of the memory region that the DEV
table covers, 4GB*(2^Size). The corresponding DEV table size is 128KB*(2^Size).
1
Protect: protect out-of-range addresses. Read-write. 0=DMA accesses to addresses that are outside
the range covered by the DEV table are allowed. 1=DMA accesses to addresses that are outside the
range covered by the DEV table are protected.
0
Valid: DEV table valid. Read-write. 1=The DEV table for the protection domain specified by
F3xF4[DevIndex] is enabled. 0=The DEV table is not enabled; all IO accesses from devices assigned
to the corresponding protection domain are allowed.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
F3xF8_x1 DEV Base Address/Limit High Register
Reset: 0000 0000h. This register is instantiated multiple times, specified by F3xF8_x3[NDomains]. Each
instantiation corresponds to a protection domain number, identical to F3xF4[DevIndex], which is the index to
the instantiation. See F3xF0 for more details.
Bits
Description
31:16 Reserved.
15:0 BaseAddress[47:32]: DEV table base address bits[47:32]. Read-write. See F3xF8_x0[BaseAddress].
F3xF8_x2 DEV Map Register
Reset: 0000 0000h. This register is instantiated multiple times, specified by F3xF8_x3[NMaps]. See F3xF0 for
more details. Referencing the fields of this register, if Valid[1:0] is set, then the address of DMA requests
received by the processor from an IO link of bus number BusNu and with a UnitID of Unit[1:0] are checked
against the DEV table of protection domain number Dom[1:0] to determine if the transaction is allowed. If the
UnitID and BusNu of the request do not match any of these registers, then the address of the request is checked
against the DEV table of protection domain 0 to determine if the transaction is allowed. A UnitID can only be
assigned to one protection domain. If a UnitID is assigned to more than one protection domain the results are
undefined. Note: if UnitID clumping is employed through F0x[11C, 118, 114, 110] and F0x[12C, 128, 124,
120], then only the base UnitID of each clump should be programmed into the Unit0/Unit1 fields of this register; otherwise undefined behavior results.
Bits
Description
31:26 Dom1: protection domain 1. 3 LSBs are read-write; 3 MSBs are read-only, 000b. This is the protection domain number assigned to Unit1.
25:20 Dom0: protection domain 0. 3 LSBs are read-write; 3 MSBs are read-only, 000b. This is the protection domain number assigned to Unit0.
19:12 BusNu: bus number. Read-write.
11
Valid1: UnitID 1 valid. Read-write. 1=Enable DEV checking for Unit1 and Dom1.
10:6 Unit1: IO link UnitID 1. Read-write.
5
4:0
Valid0: UnitID 0 valid. Read-write. 1=Enable DEV checking for Unit0 and Dom0.
Unit0: IO link UnitID 0. Read-write.
F3xF8_x3 DEV Capabilities Register
Bits
Description
31:24 Reserved.
23:16 NMaps: number of map registers implemented. Read-only, 04h. Specifies the number of instantiations of F3xF8_x2.
15:8 NDomains: number of protection domains implemented. Read-only, 08h. Specifies the number of
protection domains and the number of instantiations of F3xF8_x0 and F3xF8_x1.
7:0
Revision: DEV register-set revision number. Read-only, 00h.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
F3xF8_x4 DEV Control Register
Reset: 0000 0002h.
Bits
Description
31:7 Reserved.
6
DevTblWalkPrbDis: DEV table walk probe disable. Read-write. 1=Disable probing of CPU
caches during DEV table walks. This bit may be set to improve DEV cache table walk performance
when the DEV is in non-cacheable or write-through memory.
5
SlDev: secure loader DEV protection enable. Read-write; set-by-hardware. This bit is set by hardware after an SKINIT instruction. 1=The memory region associated with the SKINIT instruction is
protected from DMA access.
4
DevInv: invalidate DEV cache. Read; write-1-only. 1=Invalidate the DEV table-walk cache. This bit
is cleared by hardware when invalidation is complete.
3
MceEn: MCE reporting enable. Read-write. 1=Enable logging and reporting of DEV protection
violations through a machine check exception.
2
IoDis: upstream IO disable. Read-write; set-by-hardware. This bit is set by hardware after an SKINIT instruction. 1=Upstream IO-space accesses are regarded as DEV protection violations.
1
Reserved. Read-write.
0
DevEn: DEV enable. Read-write. 1=Enables DMA exclusion vector protection.
F3xF8_x5 DEV Error Status Register
Cold reset: 0000 0000h. This register logs DEV protection violations. Bits[7:0], [ErrTypeDest, ErrTypeSrc,
ErrTypeAccType], together form the error type field. When a DEV protection violation occurs, then ErrVal is
set, the error type is logged, and, if there is an address associated with the transaction, ErrAddrVal is set and
the address is recorded in F3xF8_x6 and F3xF8_x7.
Bits
Description
31
ErrVal: error valid. Read-write; set-by-hardware. 1=A valid DEV protection violation has been
logged in this register.
30
ErrOver: error overflow. Read-write; set-by-hardware. 1=A DEV protection violation was detected
while ErrVal was set for a prior violation. DEV protection violations detected while ErrVal is set are
not logged in this register.
29
ErrAddrVal: error address valid. Read-write; set-by-hardware. 1=The address saved in F3xF8_x6
and F3xF8_x7 is the address associated with the error.
28:24 Reserved.
23:16 ModelSpecErr: model specific error. Read-only, 00h.
15:8 Reserved.
7:5
ErrCodeDest: error code destination. Read-write; set-by-hardware. Specifies the destination of the
transaction that resulted in the protection violation.
000b = Generic (or could not be determined)
100b = IO space
001b = DRAM
101b = Configuration
010b = MMIO
110b = reserved
011b = reserved
111b = reserved
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4:2
ErrCodeSrc: error code source. Read-write; set-by-hardware. Specifies the source of the transaction that resulted in the protection violation.
000b = Generic (or could not be determined)
010b = IO device
001b = CPU
011b - 111b = reserved
1:0
ErrCodeAccType: error code access type. Read-write; set-by-hardware. Specifies the access type
of the transaction that resulted in the protection violation.
00b = Generic (or could not be determined)
10b = Write
01b = Read
11b = Read-modify-write
F3xF8_x6 DEV Error Address Low Register
Cold reset: 0000 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:2 ErrAddr: error address bits[31:2]. Read-write; set-by-hardware. See F3xF8_x5 for details.
1:0
Reserved.
F3xF8_x7 DEV Error Address High Register
Cold reset: 0000 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:16 Reserved.
15:0 ErrAddr: error address bits[47:32]. Read-write; set-by-hardware. See F3xF8_x5 for details.
F3xFC CPUID Family/Model Register
These values are identical to the values read out through CPUID Fn[8000_0001, 0000_0001]_EAX; see that
register for details.
Bits
Description
31:28 Reserved.
27:20 ExtFamily: extended family. Read-only.
19:16 ExtModel: extended model. Read-only.
15:12 Reserved.
11:8 BaseFamily. Read-only.
7:4
BaseModel. Read-only.
3:0
Stepping. Read-only.
F3x10C Boost Offset
Revision C and earlier: Reserved.
Revision D: All fields are read-only.
Bits
Description
31:0 Reserved.
Revision E: All fields are read-only.
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Bits
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Description
31:12 Reserved.
11:10 AsymmetricBoostCore5. See AsymmetricBoostCore0.
9:8
AsymmetricBoostCore4. See AsymmetricBoostCore0.
7:6
AsymmetricBoostCore3. See AsymmetricBoostCore0.
5:4
AsymmetricBoostCore2. See AsymmetricBoostCore0.
3:2
AsymmetricBoostCore1. See AsymmetricBoostCore0.
1:0
AsymmetricBoostCore0. Read-only. Reset: value varies by product. Specifies the FID offset for the
core when in the boosted state. This value is added to MSRC001_0064[CpuFid]. See 2.4.2.8 [BIOS
Configuration for Asymmetric Boost]. See MSRC001_00[68:64][CpuFid] for encoding.
F3x138 DCT0 Bad Symbol Identification Register
Revision C and earlier: Reserved. Revision D and later: Reset: 0000 0000h. All bits are read-write.
This register controls bad symbol identification for DCT0. This register is set by software and read by hardware to supplement ECC checks during chipkill conditions. The MCT uses this information during fetches to
determine if errors are correctable or uncorrectable. See 2.12.2.2 [Software Managed Bad Symbol Identification] for additional details.
Bits
31
Description
BadDramAllCsEn: Bad DRAM on all chip selects. Indicates that the symbol number specified in
BadDramSymbol applies to all chip selects. This most likely indicates a fault outside the DRAM,
since it affects all ranks.
30:12 Reserved.
11
BadDramCsVal: Bad DRAM chip select valid. Indicates that BadDramCs and BadDramSymbol
contain valid information.
10:9 Reserved
8:4
BadDramSymbol. Indicates the bad symbol number within the rank. Values 0h through Fh
correspond to data byte 0h through Fh, respectively. Value 10h corresponds to ECC byte 0, and value
11h corresponds to ECC byte 1.
3:0
BadDramCs: Bad DRAM chip select. Indicates the chip select value which is known bad. This chip
select value identifies the rank in error.
F3x13C DCT1 Bad Symbol Identification Register
Revision C and earlier: Reserved. Revision D and later: This register controls bad symbol identification for
DCT1. See F3x138 for register definition.
F3x140 SRI to XCS Token Count Register
F3x140, F3x144, and F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48] specify the number of XCS (XBAR command scheduler) entries
assigned to each virtual channel within each source port. See 2.6.1 [Northbridge (NB) Architecture]. The totals
of SRI, MCT and the links must not exceed the number of XCS entries. The default totals are:
• SRI: 10.
• MCT: 6.
• Link: 10 * 4 (one group per link).
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• Total: 56, which is the total number of entries supported by XCS.
Note that the defaults for F3x140, F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48], and F3x158 do not allocate any tokens in the isochronous channel. If isochronous flow control mode (IFCM) is enabled (F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84][IsocEn]) or display
refresh mode is enabled (F0x68[DispRefModeEn]), then the XCS token counts must be changed. Notes on
these modes:
• If IFCM is enabled on any link, then the F3x140[IsocReqTok, IsocPreqTok, and IsocRspTok] must each be
non-zero. If display refresh mode is enabled, F3x140[IsocReqTok and IsocRspTok] must be non-zero, and
F3x140[IsocPreqTok] must be non-zero if F3x158[LnkToXcsDRToken] is non-zero. This requires tokens to
be reduced elsewhere to avoid exceeding the 56 token maximum. Note that links which are not connected or
links which are ganged include excess tokens which may be used for this purpose.
• If IFCM is enabled on any link, then it may be advantageous to allocate isochronous tokens to that link/sublink in F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48]. However this would result in excessive tokens for a fully populated system,
especially if the links are unganged. To account for this, the processor supports IFCM being enabled on a
link without allocating dedicated isochronous XCS tokens. In this case:
• The isochronous channel uses the base channel tokens.
• The isochronous channel has priority access to these tokens.
• If an IOMMU is present in the system, F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48][IsocReqTok] for all coherent links in the system
must be non-zero and F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48][IsocReqTok] for the IO link with the IOMMU must be non-zero.
• In display refresh mode, F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48][IsocReqTok] and F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48][IsocPreqTok] for the
enabled link and F3x158[LnkToXcsDRToken] must be non-zero.
Updates to this register do not take effect until after a warm reset.
See 2.6.4.2.5.1 [Recommended Buffer Count Settings for Single Link Processors] and 2.6.4.2.5.2 [Recommended Buffer Count Settings for Multi-link Processors].
Bits
Description
31:24 Reserved.
23:20 FreeTok: free tokens. Read-write. Cold reset: 2. The number of free tokens must always be greater
than or equal to 2 to ensure deadlock free operation.
19:18 Reserved.
17:16 IsocRspTok: isochronous response tokens. Read-write. Cold reset: 0.
15:14 IsocPreqTok: isochronous posted request tokens. Read-write. Cold reset: 0.
13:12 IsocReqTok: isochronous request tokens. Read-write. Cold reset: 0.
11:10 DnRspTok: downstream response tokens. Read-write. Cold reset: 1.
9:8
UpRspTok: upstream response tokens. Read-write. Cold reset: 2.
7:6
DnPreqTok: downstream posted request tokens. Read-write. Cold reset: 1.
5:4
UpPreqTok: upstream posted request tokens. Read-write. Cold reset: 1.
3:2
DnReqTok: downstream request tokens. Read-write. Cold reset: 1.
1:0
UpReqTok: upstream request tokens. Read-write. Cold reset: 2.
F3x144 MCT to XCS Token Count Register
See F3x140 for more information. Updates to F3x144 do not take effect until after a warm reset.
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Bits
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Description
31:8 Reserved.
7:4
ProbeTok: probe tokens. Read-write. Cold reset: 3.
3:0
RspTok: response tokens. Read-write. Cold reset: 3.
F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48] Link to XCS Token Count Registers
F3x148 applies to link 0; F3x14C applies to link 1; F3x150 applies to link 2; F3x154 applies to link 3. See
F3x140 for more information. The cold reset default value for some of the fields of this register vary based on
the ganged/unganged state specified by F0x[18C:170][Ganged]. Most of the fields in this register are duplicated for each sublink; if the link is ganged, then the sublink 0 fields apply and the sublink 1 fields should be 0.
Updates to F3x1[54, 50, 4C, 48] do not take effect until after a warm reset. See 2.7.1.3.1 [Unused Links].
Bits
Description
31:30 FreeTok[3:2]: free tokens. Read-write. See FreeTok[1:0] below.
29
Reserved.
28
IsocRspTok1: isochronous response tokens sublink 1. Read-write. Cold reset: 0.
27
Reserved.
26
IsocPreqTok1: isochronous posted request tokens sublink 1. Read-write. Cold reset: 0.
25
Reserved.
24
IsocReqTok1: isochronous request tokens sublink 1. Read-write. Cold reset: 0.
23:22 ProbeTok1: probe tokens sublink 1. Read-write. Cold reset: 0 ganged, 1 unganged.
21:20 RspTok1: response tokens sublink 1. Read-write. Cold reset: 0 ganged, 1 unganged.
19:18 PReqTok1: posted request tokens sublink 1. Read-write. Cold reset: 0 ganged, 1 unganged.
17:16 ReqTok1: request tokens sublink 1. Read-write. Cold reset: 0 ganged, 1 unganged.
15:14 FreeTok[1:0]: free tokens. Read-write. Cold reset: 0010b (for FreeTok[3:0]). FreeTok[3:0] is 4-bit
field composed of {FreeTok[3:2], FreeTok[1:0]} in this register. If the link is unganged, the free
tokens are shared between the two sublinks.
13:12 IsocRspTok0: isochronous response tokens sublink 0. Read-write. Cold reset: 0.
11:10 IsocPreqTok0: isochronous posted request tokens sublink 0. Read-write. Cold reset: 0.
9:8
IsocReqTok0: isochronous request tokens sublink 0. Read-write. Cold reset: 0.
7:6
ProbeTok0: probe tokens sublink 0. Read-write. Cold reset: 2 ganged, 1 unganged.
5:4
RspTok0: response tokens sublink 0. Read-write. Cold reset: 2 ganged, 1 unganged.
3:2
PReqTok0: posted request tokens sublink 0. Read-write. Cold reset: 2 ganged, 1 unganged.
1:0
ReqTok0: request tokens sublink 0. Read-write. Cold reset: 2 ganged, 1 unganged.
F3x158 Link to XCS Token Count Registers
See F3x140 for more information. Updates to F3x158 do not take effect until after a warm reset.
Bits
Description
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
31:4 Reserved.
3:0
LnkToXcsDRToken: display refresh tokens all links. Read-write. Cold reset: 0.
F3x1[78, 70, 68, 60] NB Machine Check Misc (Thresholding) Registers
These registers may also be accessed through MSR0000_0413 and MSRC000_04[0A:08]. These registers are
associated with the following error types as specified by the Error Threshold Group in Table 93 of [The MCA
NB Status Low Register] F3x48[ErrorCode]:
• F3x160 (MSR0000_0413): DRAM.
• F3x168 (MSRC000_0408): Link.
• F3x170 (MSRC000_0409): L3 Cache. If the product does not include an L3 cache, per [The L2/L3 Cache
and L2 TLB Identifiers] CPUID Fn8000_0006_EDX, then the Valid and CntP
bits are both 0 and the register logs no information.
• F3x178 (MSRC000_040A): RAZ.
For general information on error thresholding, see 2.12.1.6 [Error Thresholding].
Bits
Description
31
Valid. Read-only from configuration space; read-only or read-write from MSR space based on
MSRC001_0015[McStatusWrEn]. Reset: 1. 1=A valid CntP field is present in this register.
30
CntP: counter present. Read-only from configuration space; read-only or read-write from MSR
space based on MSRC001_0015[McStatusWrEn]. Reset: 1. 1=A valid threshold counter is present.
This bit is affected by MSRC001_0015[McStatusWrEn].
29
Locked. Read-only from configuration space; read-only or read-write from MSR space based on
MSRC001_0015[McStatusWrEn]. Reset: 0. This bit is set by BIOS to indicate that this register is not
available for OS use. When this bit is set, write to bits[28:0] of this register are ignored. BIOS should
set this bit if IntType is set to SMI. Note: when MSRC001_0015[McStatusWrEn] is set, MSR writes
to this register update all bits, regardless of the state of the Locked bit.
28:24 Reserved.
23:20 LvtOffset: LVT offset. Read-write (see the F3x1[78, 70, 68, 60][Locked]). Reset: 0h. This field
specifies the address of the LVT entry in the APIC registers as follows: LVT address = (LvtOffset
shifted left 4 bits) + 500h (see APIC[530:500]). Only values 0 through 3 are valid; all others reserved.
19
CntEn: counter enable. Read-write (see the F3x1[78, 70, 68, 60][Locked]). Reset: 0. 1=Counting of
errors specified by Error Threshold Group (see above) is enabled.
18:17 IntType: interrupt type. Read-write (see the F3x1[78, 70, 68, 60][Locked]). Cold reset: 0. This field
specifies the type of interrupt signaled when Ovrflw is set.
00b = No Interrupt.
01b = APIC based interrupt (see LvtOffset above) to all cores.
10b = SMI trigger event (always routed to CpuCoreNum 0, as defined in section 2.9.2 [CPU Cores
and Downcoring]); see 2.13.2.3 [SMI Sources And Delivery].
11b = Reserved.
16
Ovrflw: overflow. Read-write (see the F3x1[78, 70, 68, 60][Locked]); set-by-hardware. Cold reset:
X. This bit is set by hardware when ErrCnt transitions from FFEh to FFFh. When this bit is set, the
interrupt selected by the IntType field is generated.
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15:12 Reserved.
11:0 ErrCnt: error counter. Read-write (see the F3x1[78, 70, 68, 60][Locked]). Cold reset: X. This is
written by software to set the starting value of the error counter. This is incremented by hardware
when errors are logged. When this counter overflows, it stays at FFFh (no rollover). To set the threshold value, software should subtract the desired error count (the number of errors necessary in order for
an interrupt to be taken) from FFFh and write the result into this field.
F3x180 Extended NB MCA Configuration Register
Reset: 0000 0000h. Note: this register is an extension of [The MCA NB Configuration Register] F3x44.
Bits
Description
31:27 Reserved.
26
ChgUcToCeEn: change uncorrectable error to correctable error enable. Revision C and earlier
revisions: Reserved. Revision D and later: Read-write. 1=The status of uncorrectable errors is
changed to appear as correctable errors; F3x4C[UC, PCC] are cleared and a machine check exception
will not be raised. For uncorrectable ECC errors, F3x4C[UECC] is cleared and F3x4C[CECC] is set.
Note: This field is intended for debug observability.
25
EccSymbolSize: ECC symbol size and code selection. Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved.
Revision D and later: Read-write. 1=x8 symbol size and code used. 0=x4 symbol size and code used.
For recommendations on setting, see 2.12.2 [DRAM Considerations for ECC].
24
McaLogErrAddrWdtErr: log error address on WDT errors. Revision C and earlier revisions:
Reserved. Revision D and later: Read-write. 1=When a watchdog timeout error occurs (see
F3x40[WDTRptEn]), the associated address is logged and F3x4C[AddrV] is set. 0=When a watchdog
timeout error occurs, NB state information is saved and F3x4C[AddrV] is cleared. See F3x50 for
details on saved information.
22
SyncFloodOnTblWalkErr: sync flood on table walk error enable. Read-write. 1=A sync flood is
generated when the DEV or GART table walkers encounter an uncorrectable error. A machine check
exception is generated independent of the state of this bit. It is recommended that this bit be set for
normal operation.
21
SyncFloodOnCpuLeakErr: sync flood on CPU leak error enable. Read-write. 1=A sync flood is
generated when one of the cores encounters an uncorrectable error which cannot be contained to the
process on the core. It is recommended that this bit be set for normal operation.
20
SyncFloodOnL3LeakErr: sync flood on L3 cache leak error enable. Read-write.1=A sync flood is
generated when the L3 cache encounters an uncorrectable error which cannot be contained to the process on one core. It is recommended that this bit be set for normal operation.
19:10 Reserved.
9
SyncOnUncNbAryEn: sync flood on uncorrectable NB array error enable. Read-write.
1=Enables sync flood on detection of an error in a NB array that is uncorrectable. BIOS should set
this bit to 1 for normal operation.
8
SyncOnProtEn: sync flood on protocol error enable. Read-write. 1=Enables sync flood on detection of a protocol error on a link or in the L3. BIOS should set this bit to 1 for normal operation.
7
SyncFloodOnTgtAbtErr. Read-write. 1=Enable sync flood on generated or received link responses
that indicate target aborts. BIOS should set this bit to 1 for normal operation.
6
SyncFloodOnDatErr. Read-write. 1=Enable sync flood on generated or received link responses that
indicate data error. BIOS should set this bit to 1 for normal operation.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
5
DisPciCfgCpuMstAbtRsp. Read-write. 1=For master abort responses to CPU-initiated configuration
accesses, disables MCA error reporting and generation of an error response to the core. It is recommended that this bit be set in order to avoid MCA exceptions being generated from master aborts for
PCI configuration accesses, which are common during device enumeration.
4
MstAbtChgToNoErrs. Read-write. 1=Signal no errors instead of master abort in link response
packets to IO devices on detection of a master abort condition. When MstAbtChgToNoErrs and
F3x44[IoMstAbortDis] are both set, MstAbtChgToNoErrs takes precedence.
3
DatErrChgToTgtAbt. Read-write. 1=Signal target abort instead of data error in link response
packets to IO devices (for Gen1 link compatibility).
2
WDTCntSel[3]: watchdog timer count select bit[3]. Read-write. See F3x44[WDTCntSel].
1
SyncFloodOnUsPwDataErr: sync flood on upstream posted write data error. Read-write.
1=Enable sync flood generation when an upstream posted write data error is detected. BIOS should
set this bit to 1 for normal operation.
0
McaLogUsPwDataErrEn: MCA log of upstream posted write data error enable. Read-write.
1=Enable logging of upstream posted write data errors in MCA (if NB MCA registers are appropriately enabled and configured).
F3x188 NB Extended Configuration Low Register
Revision C and earlier revisions: Reset: 0000 0000h. Revision D and later revisions: Reset: 0800 0000h. It is
expected that the fields of this register are programmed to the same value in all nodes.
Bits
Description
31:5 Reserved.
4
3:0
EnStpGntOnFlushMaskWakeup: enable stop grant on flush mask wakeup. Revision B:
Reserved. Revision C and later: Read-write. 1=When in the C1E state, cores that have flushed their
L1 and L2 caches are not ramped up for probes. 0=When in the C1E state, cores are ramped based on
F3x[84:80][CpuPrbEn] regardless of the state of their caches. See 2.4.3.5 [C5]. BIOS should set this
bit for revision (DA-C || C3 || D1 and later G34 || D1 and later C32 || E). See 2.4.3.3.5 [BIOS Requirements to Initialize Message Triggered C1E] and 2.4.2.1.1 [Core Performance Boost (CPB)].
Reserved.
F3x190 Downcore Control Register
Cold reset: 0000 0000h. See 2.9.2 [CPU Cores and Downcoring]. Changes to this register do not take effect
until after a warm reset.
Bits
Description
31:6 Reserved.
5:0
DisCore[5:0]. Read-write. 1=Disable the core. 0=Enable the core. DisCore[5:4] is reserved for revision C and earlier.
F3x1A0 L3 Buffer Count Register
Updates to this register do not take effect until after a warm reset.
• To ensure deadlock free operation the following minimum buffer allocations are required:
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CpuCmdBufCnt >= 1
• If the processor includes an L3 cache (as specified by CPUID Fn8000_0006_EDX[L3Size]), then to ensure
deadlock free operation the following minimum buffer allocations are required:
L3ToSriReqCBC >= 2
L3ToSriReqCBC >= (number of enabled cores)
If the processor does not include an L3 cache, then L3ToSriReqCBC may be 0h.
Bits
Description
31:15 Reserved.
14:12 L3ToSriReqCBC: L3 cache to SRI request command buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 4h.
11:9 Reserved.
8:4
3
2:0
L3FreeListCBC: L3 free list command buffer counter for CPU requests. Read-write. Cold reset
varies based on number of enabled cores in the node as follows:
Cores
Cold reset value
Cores
Cold reset value
1
1Ch
2
18h
3
14h
4
10h
5
11h
6
0Eh
BIOS should set this field up per the following equation (although lower values are legal):
L3FreeListCBC = 32 - CpuCmdBufCnt * (number of enabled cores).
Reserved.
CpuCmdBufCnt: CPU to SRI command buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset = 4 if the product
includes an L3 cache and the number of enabled cores in the node <= 4; 3 if the product includes an
L3 cache and the number of enabled cores in the node >= 5; or 2 if the product does not include an L3
cache. Each core is allocated the number of buffers specified by this field.
F3x1C4 L3 Cache Parameter Register
Reset: 0000 0XXXh. This register is reserved if the processor does not include an L3 cache.
Bits
31
Description
L3TagInit: L3 tag initialization. Read; write 1 only. 1=Initialize the L3 cache tag arrays. 0=L3 cache
tag initialization is complete. This bit is cleared by hardware when the tag initialization is complete.
This bit should not be written while initialization is in progress.
30:14 Reserved.
13:12 L3SubcacheSize3: L3 subcache size 3. Revision B: Reserved. Revision C and later revisions: Readonly. Specifies the size of L3 subcache 3.
00b=2 MB.
01b=1 MB.
10b=1 MB.
11b=0 MB.
11:10 Reserved.
9:8
L3SubcacheSize2: L3 subcache size 2. Revision B: Reserved. Revision C and later revisions: Readonly. Specifies the size of L3 subcache 2.
00b=2 MB.
01b=1 MB.
10b=1 MB.
11b=0 MB.
7:5
Reserved.
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4
3:1
0
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
L3SubcacheSize1: L3 subcache size 1. Read-only. Specifies the size of L3 subcache 1.
0=1 MB.
1=0 MB.
Reserved.
L3SubcacheSize0: L3 subcache size 0. Read-only. Specifies the size of L3 subcache 0.
0=1 MB.
1=0 MB.
F3x1CC IBS Control Register
Reset: 0000 0000h. This register can also be read from MSRC001_103A. The BIOS should program this register to enable performance modeling software to use IBS interrupts.
Bits
Description
31:9 Reserved.
8
LvtOffsetVal: local vector table offset valid. Read-write. 1=The offset in LvtOffset is valid. 0=The
offset in LvtOffset is not valid and IBS interrupt generation is disabled. The BIOS should set this bit
to 1b.
7:4
Reserved.
3:0
LvtOffset: local vector table offset. Read-write. This specifies the address of the IBS LVT entry in
the APIC registers as follows: LVT address = (LvtOff shifted left 4 bits) + 500h (see APIC[530:500]).
Only values of 0h-3h may be programmed in this field.
F3x1D4 Probe Filter Control Register
Revisions C and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision D and later: Reset: 0000 0000h. See 2.6.5.1 [Probe Filter] for details about probe filter operation and requirements.
Bits
Description
31:30 Reserved.
29
PFLoIndexHashEn: probe filter low index hash enable. Read-write. 1=Include address bits[8:12]
in the subcache selection hash. 0=Do not include address bits[8:12] in the subcache selection hash.
The subcache selection hash is computed using an exclusive OR of system address bits. BIOS should
program this to 1.
28
PFEccError: probe filter ECC error. Set-by-hardware; write-1-to-clear. 1=An uncorrectable ECC
error was encountered on a directory read.
27:24 PFErrIntLvtOff: probe filter error interrupt LVT offset. Read-write. This specifies the address of
the LVT entry in the APIC registers as follows: LVT address = (LvtOffset shifted left 4 bits) + 500h
(see APIC[530:500]).
23:22 PFErrInt: probe filter error interrupt type. Read-write.
00b=No interrupt.
01b=APIC LVT based interrupt.
10b=SMI.
11b=Reserved.
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21:20 PFPreferredSORepl: PF preferredSO replacement mode. Read-write. Preferentially retain entries
for cache lines shared by multiple nodes and replace entries for cache lines in a single node.
00b=Use preferredSO replacement 14/16 times.
01b=Reserved.
10b=Use preferredSO replacement 12/16 times.
11b=Disable preferredSO replacement.
BIOS should program this to 10b.
19
PFInitDone: probe filter initialization done. Read-only; updated-by-hardware. 1=Probe filter initialization is complete. 0=Probe filter is not enabled or initialization is in progress.
18:16 Reserved
15:12 PFSubCacheEn: probe filter subcache enable. Read-write. Each bit of this field applies to one of
the up-to-four subcaches of the L3. Bit 0 applies to subcache 0; bit 1 applies to subcache 1; etc.
1=Enable allocation of the probe filter directory within the subcache. BIOS should program this to
Fh.
11:10 PFSubCacheSize3: probe filter subcache 3 size. See PFSubCacheSize0.
9:8
PFSubCacheSize2: probe filter subcache 2 size. See PFSubCacheSize0.
7:6
PFSubCacheSize1: probe filter subcache 1 size. See PFSubCacheSize0.
5:4
PFSubCacheSize0: probe filter subcache 0 size. Read-write. This specifies the size of the selected
L3 subcache. BIOS should program this to 00b.
00b=1 MB.
01b=2 MB.
1Xb=Reserved.
3:2
PFWayNum: probe filter way number. Read-write. This specifies the number of ways in selected
L3 subcache(s) allocated for the probe filter directory. BIOS should program this to 10b.
00b=One way.
01b=Two way.
10b=Four way.
11b=Reserved.
1:0
PFMode: probe filter mode. Read-write.
00b=Probe filter disabled.
01b=Reserved
10b=Probe filter enabled. See 2.6.5.1 [Probe Filter] for BIOS recommendation.
11b=Reserved.
F3x1E4 SBI Control Register
This register specifies the behavior associated with the SIC and SID pins which may be used to support
SMBus-based sideband interface (SBI) protocol. See 2.12.3 [Sideband Interface (SBI)]. F3x1E4 should only
be programmed on internal node 0 (F3xE8[IntNodeNum]=00b) if F3xE8[MultiNodeCpu]=1.
Bits
31
Description
SbiRegWrDn: SBI register write done. Reset 1b. Read-only; updated-by-hardware. 1=Write to the
SBI registers through F3x1EC has completed. 0=Write to the SBI registers in progress.
30:12 Reserved.
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11:8 LvtOffset: local vector table offset. Revision B: Reserved. Revision C: Cold reset: 0000b. Readwrite. This specifies the address of the LVT entry in the APIC registers as follows: LVT address =
(LvtOffset shifted left 4 bits) + 500h (see APIC[530:500]).
7
6:4
Reserved.
SbiAddr: SMBus-based sideband interface address. Read-write. Cold reset: For internal node 0,
specified by the SA[2:0] strap pins (value matches the pins until the deassertion of RESET_L for a
cold reset only; value is not changed by a warm reset); 000b for internal node 1 or products that do not
include SA[2:0] pins. Specifies bits[3:1] of the SMBus address of the processor SBI ports. SMBus
address bits [3:1] = {~SA[2],SA[1:0]}. SbiAddr must be unique for all processors on the same
SMBus segment. It is recommended that BIOS program SbiAddr on internal node 1 to the same value
as internal node 0 of the processor.
3
SbTsiDis: SMBus-based sideband temperature sensor interface disable. Read-only. 1=The processor does not support SMBus-based SB-TSI protocol.
2
Reserved.
1
SbRmiDis: SMBus-based sideband remote management interface disable. Read-only. 1=The processor does not support SMBus-based SB-RMI protocol.
0
Reserved.
F3x1E8 SBI Address Register
Cold reset 0000 0000h. The SB-RMI and SB-TSI registers can be directly accessed by the processor using
F3x1E8 and F3x1EC. A read or write access to F3x1EC triggers a read or write to the register specified by
F3x1E8[SbiBankSel and SbiRegAddr]. F3x1E8 should only be programmed on internal node 0
(F3xE8[IntNodeNum]=00b) if F3xE8[MultiNodeCpu]=1.
Bits
Description
31:
Reserved.
10:9 SbiByteCnt: SBI byte count. Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision D and later:
Read-write. This field specifies the number consecutive SBI registers to read or write using F3x1EC.
00b = 1 register.
01b = 2 registers.
10b = 3 registers.
11b = 4 registers.
8
SbiBankSel: SBI register bank select. Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision D and
later: Read-write. This bit specifies if the SB-TSI or SB-RMI registers are accessed. 1=SB-RMI registers. 0=SB-TSI registers.
7:0
SbiRegAddr: SBI SMBus register address. Read-write. This field specifies the 8-bit address of the
SB-TSI or SB-RMI register to access.
F3x1EC SBI Data Register
Reset 0000 0000h. F3x1EC should only be programmed on internal node 0 (F3xE8[IntNodeNum]=00b) if
F3xE8[MultiNodeCpu]=1.
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Bits
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Description
31:24 SbiRegDat3: SBI SMBus register 3 data. Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision D:
Read-write. This field specifies the data to be read or written to the SBI register selected by
F3x1E8[SbiRegAddr+3].
23:16 SbiRegDat2: SBI SMBus register 2 data. Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision D:
Read-write. This field specifies the data to be read or written to the SBI register selected by
F3x1E8[SbiRegAddr+2].
15:8 SbiRegDat1: SBI SMBus register 1 data. Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision D:
Read-write. This field specifies the data to be read or written to the SBI register selected by
F3x1E8[SbiRegAddr+1].
7:0
SbiRegDat0: SBI SMBus register 0 data. Read-write. This field specifies the data to be read or written to the SBI register selected by F3x1E8[SbiRegAddr].
F3x1EC_x[FF:01] SB-TSI Registers
The SB-TSI registers can be accessed by programming F3x1E8[SbiRegAddr] with the offset value and setting
F3x1E8[SbiBankSel]=0. Accesses to reserved offsets result in undefined behavior. See 2.12.3 [Sideband Interface (SBI)]. The following is the SB-TSI register list:
Register
Offset
01h
CPU Temperature High Byte Register
02h
SB-TSI Status Register
03h
SB-TSI Configuration Register
04h
Update Rate Register
05h-06h
Reserved
07h
High Temperature Threshold High Byte Register
08h
Low Temperature Threshold High Byte Register
09h
SB-TSI Configuration Register
10h
CPU Temperature Low Byte Register
11h
CPU Temperature Offset High Byte Register
12h
CPU Temperature Offset Low Byte Register
13h
High Temperature Threshold Low Byte Register
14h
Low Temperature Threshold Low Byte Register
15h-21h
Reserved
22h
Timeout Configuration Register
23h-6Eh
Reserved
32h
Alert Threshold Register
70h-BEh
Reserved
BFh
Alert Configuration Register
C0h-FDh
Reserved
FEh
Manufacture ID Register
FFh
SB-TSI Revision Register
Bits
Description
31:8 Reserved.
7:0
See the SBI Temperature Sensor Interface (SB-TSI) Specification for register definition.
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F3x1EC_x1[7F:00] SB-RMI Registers
The SB-RMI registers can be accessed by programming F3x1E8[SbiRegAddr] with the offset value and setting
F3x1E8[SbiBankSel]=1. Accesses to reserved offsets result in undefined behavior. See 2.12.3 [Sideband Interface (SBI)]. The following is the SB-RMI register list:
Offset
Register
00h
Interface Revision Register
01h
Control Register
02h
Status Register
03h
Read Size Register
04h
Core Enable Status Register 0
05h
Core Enable Status Register 1
06h
APIC Spin Loop Status Register 0
07h
APIC Spin Loop Status Register 1
08h-0Fh
Reserved
10h-1Fh
Alert Status Registers
20h-2Fh
Alert Mask Registers
30h-37h
Outbound Message Registers
38h-3Fh
Inbound Message Registers
40h
Software Interrupt Register
Revision C:
41h-FFh
Reserved
Revision D and later:
41h
RMI Core Number
42h-FFh
Reserved
Bits
Description
31:8 Reserved.
7:0
See the Advanced Platform Management Link (APML) Specification for register definition.
F3x1F0 Product Information Register
Bits
Description
31:26 Reserved.
25:20 MaxSwPstateCpuCof: maximum software P-state core COF. Revision D and earlier: Reserved.
Revision E: Read-only. Cold reset value varies by product.Specifies the maximum CPU COF
supported by the processor in a software P-state. The maximum frequency is 100 MHz *
MaxSwPstateCpuCof, if MaxSwPstateCpuCof is greater than zero; if MaxSwPstateCpuCof = 00h,
then there is no frequency limit. Any attempt to change a software P-state CPU COF to a frequency
greater than specified by this field is ignored. See2.4.2.1.2.1 [Software P-state Numbering].
18:16 NbPstate: Northbridge P-state. Revision C2 and earlier and revision D and later: Reserved. The
default value of MSRC001_00[68:64][NbDid] specifies NB P-state support. Revision C3: Read-only.
If NbPstate=0h, no action is required by BIOS and NB P-states are not supported. If NbPstate != 0h,
this field specifies the highest performance P-state that enables NB P-state 1. BIOS should program
MSRC001_00[68:64][NbDid]=1 and MSRC001_00[68:64][NbVid]=F4x1F4[NbVid1] for the P-state
specified by NbPstate and all lower performance P-states where MSRC001_00[68:64][PstateEn]=1.
See 2.4.2.6 [BIOS Requirements for P-State Initialization and Transitions] and 2.4.2.2 [NB P-states].
15:0 BrandId. Read-only. Brand identifier. This is identical to CPUID Fn8000_0001_EBX[BrandId].
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F3x1FC Product Information Register
Revision C and earlier revisions:
Bits
31
Description
DualPlaneOnly. Revision B: Reserved. Revision C: Read-only. Reset: value varies by product. Specifies the infrastructure that supports the processor. 0=The processor is supported by both the singleand dual-plane infrastructures. 1=The processor is only supported by the dual-plane infrastructure.
See 2.4.2.7 [BIOS Configuration for Dual-plane Only Support].
30:26 Reserved.
25:22 SinglePlaneNbIdd[3:0]. Read-only. Specifies the NbIdd value for platforms with unified VDD and
VDDNB power planes. The NbIdd is specified in amps according to the following formula: NbIdd =
SinglePlaneNbIdd[3:0] * 2.
21:17 DualPlaneNbVidOff[4:0]. Read-only. Specifies the NbVid offset value required for NB operation at
the frequency specified by DualPlaneNbFid. DualPlaneNbVidOff is applied relative to SinglePlaneNbVid using the following formula: DualPlaneNbVid = SinglePlaneNbVid - {00b, DualPlaneNbVidOff[4:0]}. See 2.4.2.9 [BIOS Northbridge COF and VID Configuration].
16:14 DualPlaneNbFidOff[2:0]. Read-only. Specifies the NbFid value for platforms with separate VDD
and VDDNB power planes. This offset is applied relative to SinglePlaneNbFid using the following
formula: DualPlaneNbFid = SinglePlaneNbFid + {00b, DualPlaneNbFidOff[2:0]}.See 2.4.2.9 [BIOS
Northbridge COF and VID Configuration].
13:7 SinglePlaneNbVid[6:0]. Read-only. Specifies the NbVid value required for NB operation at the frequency specified by SinglePlaneNbFid. See 2.4.2.9 [BIOS Northbridge COF and VID Configuration].
6:2
SinglePlaneNbFid[4:0]. Read-only. Specifies the NbFid value for platforms with unified VDD and
VDDNB power planes. See 2.4.2.9 [BIOS Northbridge COF and VID Configuration].
1
NbVidUpdateAll. Read-only. Indicates that software is required to update NbVid after cold reset
based on the sequence defined in section 2.4.2.9 [BIOS Northbridge COF and VID Configuration].
0
NbCofVidUpdate. Read-only. Indicates that software is required to update the NB COF and NbVid
after cold reset based on the sequence defined in section 2.4.2.9 [BIOS Northbridge COF and VID
Configuration].
Revision D and later:
Bits
31
Description
DualPlaneOnly. Revision D: Reserved. Revision E: Read-only. Reset: value varies by product. Specifies the infrastructure that supports the processor. 0=The processor is supported by both the singleand dual-plane infrastructures. 1=The processor is only supported by the dual-plane infrastructure.
See 2.4.2.7 [BIOS Configuration for Dual-plane Only Support].
30:0 Reserved.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Function 4 Link Control Registers
See 3.1 [Register Descriptions and Mnemonics] for a description of the register naming convention. See 2.11
[Configuration Space] for details about how to access this space.
F4x00 Device/Vendor ID Register
Reset: 1204 1022h.
Bits
Description
31:16 DeviceID: device ID. Read-only.
15:0 VendorID: vendor ID. Read-only.
F4x04 Status/Command Register
Reset: 00?0 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:16 Status. Read-only. Only bit[20] may be set to indicate the existence of a PCI-defined capability block.
0=No supported links are unganged. 1=At least one link may be unganged, in which case there is a
capability block associated with sublink one of the link in this function.
15:0 Command. Read-only.
F4x08 Class Code/Revision ID Register
Reset: 0600 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:8 ClassCode. Read-only. Provides the host bridge class code as defined in the PCI specification.
7:0
RevID: revision ID. Read-only.
F4x0C Header Type Register
Reset: 0080 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:0 HeaderTypeReg. Read-only. These bits are fixed at their default values. The header type field
indicates that there are multiple functions present in this device.
F4x34 Capabilities Pointer Register
Reset: 0000 00??h.
Bits
Description
31:8 Reserved.
7:0
CapPtr: capabilities pointer. Read-only. Specifies the offset of the link capabilities block based on
which links are supported and unganged. The value provided is:
80h
If link 0 is supported and unganged.
A0h
If link 0 is ganged/unsupported and link 1 is supported and unganged.
C0h
If link 0 and 1 are ganged/unsupported and link 2 is supported and unganged.
E0h
If link 0, 1, and 2 are ganged/unsupported and link 3 is supported and unganged.
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F4x[E0, C0, A0, 80] Sublink 1 Capability Registers
See F0x[E0, C0, A0, 80] for details of this register. If the link is ganged or not supported, then this register is
reserved. Note: the CapPtr field is controlled similarly to F0x[E0, C0, A0, 80][CapPtr]. However, based on
whether the next link is supported and unganged.
F4x[E4, C4, A4, 84] Sublink 1 Control Registers
See F0x[E4, C4, A4, 84] for details of this register. If the link is ganged or not supported, then this register is
reserved.
F4x[E8, C8, A8, 88] Sublink 1 Frequency/Revision Registers
See F0x[E8, C8, A8, 88] for details of this register. If the link is ganged or not supported, then this register is
reserved.
F4x[EC, CC, AC, 8C] Sublink 1 Feature Capability Registers
See F0x[EC, CC, AC, 8C] for details of this register. If the link is ganged or not supported, then this register is
reserved.
F4x[F0, D0, B0, 90] Sublink 1 Base Channel Buffer Count Registers
See F0x[F0, D0, B0, 90] for details of this register. If the link is ganged or not supported, then this register is
reserved.
F4x[F4, D4, B4, 94] Sublink 1 Isochronous Channel Buffer Count Registers
See F0x[F4, D4, B4, 94] for details of this register. If the link is ganged or not supported, then this register is
reserved.
F4x[F8, D8, B8, 98] Sublink 1 Link Type Registers
See F0x[F8, D8, B8, 98] for details of this register. If the link is ganged or not supported, then this register is
reserved.
F4x[FC, DC, BC, 9C] Sublink 1 Link Frequency Extension Registers
Revision C and earlier: Reserved. Revision D and later: See F0x[FC, DC, BC, 9C] for details of this register. If
the link is ganged or not supported, then this register is reserved.
F4x15C Core Performance Boost Control
Revision D and earlier: Reserved. Revision E: See 2.4.2.1.1 [Core Performance Boost (CPB)].
Bits
31
Description
BoostLock. Read-only. Reset: value varies by product.Specifies whether the following registers are
Read-write, read-only, or have special requirements related to writability. See individual register definitions for details.
• F4x15C[NumBoostStates].
• F4x16C[CstateCnt].
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30:3 Reserved.
2
NumBoostStates: number of boosted states. If F4x15C[BoostLock]=1, read-only; else read-write.
Reset: value varies by product. Specifies the number of P-states that are considered boosted P-states.
See 2.4.2.1.1 [Core Performance Boost (CPB)] for details.
1:0
BoostSrc: boost source. Read-write. Reset: 0. Specifies whether CPB is enabled or disabled. BIOS
should program this to 11b if CPUID Fn8000_0007[CPB]=1.
Bits
Description
00b
Boosting disabled.
01b
Reserved.
10b
Reserved.
11b
Boosting enabled.
F4x16C Cstate Boost Control
Revision D and earlier: Reserved. Revision E: Reset values vary by product.
Bits
Description
31:12 Reserved.
11:9 CstateCnt: C-state count. If F4x15C[BoostLock] then read-only; else read-write. Reset value varies
by product.Specifies the number of cores that must be in the C1 state before a transition can occur to a
boosted P-state. See 2.4.2.1.1 [Core Performance Boost (CPB)]. A value of 0 disables access to a
boosted P-state.
8:0
Reserved.
F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] Link Phy Offset Registers
Cold reset: 8000 0000h. The links each include an array of registers called F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[NN:00],
which are defined following F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]. These are used primarily to control link electrical parameters and to program the link BIST engine. [The Link Phy Offset Registers] F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] and [The Link
Phy Data Port] F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84] are used to access these registers. The register number (i.e., the number
that follows “_x” in the register mnemonic) is specified by F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80][LinkPhyOffset]. Access to
these registers is accomplished as follows:
• Reads:
• Write the register number to F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80][LinkPhyOffset] with F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80][LinkPhyWrite]=0.
• Poll F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80][LinkPhyDone] until it is high.
• Read the register contents from F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84].
• Writes:
• Write all 32 bits of register data to F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84] (individual byte writes are not supported).
• Write the register number to F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80][LinkPhyOffset] with F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80][LinkPhyWrite]=1.
• Poll F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80][LinkPhyDone] until it is high to ensure that the contents of the write have been
delivered to the phy.
The links also include an array of direct map registers. A link phy register is not a direct map register unless it
is specified in the register description. The read and write access to the direct map registers is similar to the
process described above except for the following:
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• F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80][DirectMapEn] must be set.
• The register number (i.e., the number that follows “_x” in the register mnemonic) expands to 16 bit wide and
is specified by F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80][{UpperLinkPhyOffset, LinkPhyOffset}].For example, to access [The
DLL Control and Test Register 3] F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[530A, 520A], F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80][{UpperLinkPhyOffset, LinkPhyOffset}] must be programmed as 530Ah or 520Ah.
Note: Read or write accesses to undocumented or undefined register numbers can result in undefined behavior.
Note: Read or write accesses to links that are not implemented on the package complete with undefined results.
See 2.7.1.3.1 [Unused Links].
F4x180 and F4x184 are for link 0; F4x188 and F4x18C are for link 1; F4x190 and F4x194 are for link 2;
F4x198 and F4x19C are for link 3.
Note: Each link may only have one outstanding read or write at a time.
Bits
Description
31
LinkPhyDone: link phy access done. Read-only. 1=The access to one of the F4x1[9C, 94, 8C,
84]_x[NN:00] registers is complete. 0=The access is still in progress.
30
LinkPhyWrite: link phy read/write select. Read-write. 0=Read one of the F4x1[9C, 94, 8C,
84]_x[NN:00] registers. 1=Write one of the F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[NN:00] registers.
29
DirectMapEn: direct map enable. Read-write. Cold reset 0. 1=Enable link phy address direct map
mode. This bit should only be set to access direct map link phy address registers as specified in the
register descriptions.
28:16 Reserved.
15:10 UpperLinkPhyOffset: upper link phy offset address bits. Read-write.
9:0
LinkPhyOffset: link phy offset. Read-write.
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84] Link Phy Data Port
See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for details about this port.
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D0, C0] Link Phy Impedance Registers
See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access information. The _xC0 register number specifies values for
CAD[7:0], CTL0, and CLK0; the _xD0 register number specifies values for CAD[15:8], CTL1, and CLK1.
These register bits are updated as specified by F0x16C[ImmUpdate]. Note: updates to these registers that result
in a change to impedance may not take effect in the phy for up to 2 microseconds after the update to this register completes (or until a disconnect if ImmUpdate is clear).
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Bits
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Description
31:29 RttCtl: receiver termination resistance (Rtt) control. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. This field specifies
how the receiver termination resistance value is calculated. All values between 00h and 1Fh are valid.
Bits
Definition
000b Rtt is as determined by the compensation circuit, F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_xE0[RttRawCal].
001b Rtt is as specified by the index field (F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D0, C0][RttIndex]).
010b Rtt is as specified by the difference: RttRawCal - RttIndex. If this results in a value that is
less than 00h, then 00h is used. 011bRtt is as specified by the sum: RttRawCal + RttIndex.
If this results in a value that is greater than 1Fh, then 1Fh is used.
100b Enable only one tap of the Rtt resistor, as specified by RttIndex, and disable the base resistor
that is normally always enabled. This is intended for testing purposes only.
101b - 111b: reserved.
For all modes (except 100b), higher values reduce the resistance of Rtt and lower values increase the
resistance of Rtt. See 2.7.2 [Termination and Compensation] for more information about
compensation.
Revision C and later revisions: If RttCtl is programmed to either 011b or 100b, the value of
RttRawCal + RttIndex must be less than or equal to 24.
28:21 Reserved.
20:16 RttIndex: receiver termination resistance (Rtt) index. Read-write. Revision B: Cold reset:
1_1111b. Revision C and later revisions: Cold reset: 0_0000b. See RttCtl for details about how this
field is used.
15:13 RonCtl: transmitter resistance (Ron) control. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. This field specifies how
the transmitter resistance value is calculated.
Bits
Definition
000b Ron is as determined by the compensation circuit, F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_xE0[RonRawCal].
001b Ron is as specified by the index field (F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D0, C0][RonIndex]).
010b Ron is as specified by the difference: RonRawCal - RonIndex. If this results in a value that
is less than 00h, then 00h is used. 011bRon is as specified by the sum: RonRawCal +
RonIndex. If this results in a value that is greater than 1Fh, then 1Fh is used.
100b Enable only one tap of the Ron resistor, as specified by RonIndex, and disable the base
resistor that is normally aways enabled. This is intended for testing purposes only.
101b - 111b: reserved.
For all modes (except 100b), higher values reduce the resistance of Ron and lower values increase the
resistance of Ron. See 2.7.2 [Termination and Compensation] for more information about
compensation.
Revision C and later: If RonCtl is programmed to either 011b or 100b, the value of RonRawCal +
RonIndex must be less than or equal to 23.
12:5 Reserved.
4:0
RonIndex: transmitter resistance (Ron) index. Read-write. Revision B: Cold reset: 1_1111b.
Revision C and later revisions: Cold reset: 0_0000b. See RonCtl for details about how this field is
used.
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D1, C1] Link Phy Receiver Loop Filter Registers
See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access information. The _xC1 register number specifies values for
CAD[7:0], CTL0, and CLK0; the _xD1 register number specifies values for CAD[15:8], CTL1, and CLK1.
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These register bits are updated as specified by F0x16C[ImmUpdate].
Data eye
from lane
Bit time 0
Bit time 1
Bit time 2
Recovered clock
Nominal sample clock
Offset sample clock
SamClkPiOffset
Figure 18: Link phy recovered clock and sample clock.
When the link is in a mode that relies on dynamic phase alignment (automatic sample-clock correction), then
the processor generates a recovered clock for each lane based on transitions in the lane. The ideal recovered
clock transitions at exactly the same time as the transitions in the lane. Phase detection logic detects if the
recovered clock transitions before or after the lane transition. The digital loop filter (DLF) is logic that adjusts
the phase of the recovered clock such that its transitions match the transition time of the lane as much as possible. The DLF counts the number of times the lane transitions before the recovered clock versus after to determine whether to adjust the recovered clock phase. The DLF uses an 8-bit counter, called the loop filter counter
(LFC) for this purpose. The LFC controls are included in this register. They specify DLF behavior as follows:
• LfcMax is programmed to be greater than LfcMin.
• The LFC is initialized to LfcMin.
• The LFC is updated periodically. The logic keeps a tally of the number of lane transitions occurring before
and after the recovered clock transition within each update period.
• To start, if there is a net lane transition occurs after the recovered clock transition within the update period,
the LFC is incremented by the net value; on the other hand, if there is a net lane transition occurs before the
recovered clock transition, the LFC is decremented. However, if the LFC is ever decremented while it is
zero, these rules are reversed (and the LFC is incremented instead). Thus, if there is a phase correction
needed, the LFC trends either upward or downward; if it trends downward, it hits zero and then trends
upward again.
• If the LFC reaches LfcMax value, then (1) the phase of the recovered clock is adjusted in the appropriate
direction, (2) the LFC is set to the LfcMin value.
The LfcMin and LfcMax fields are designed to improve the stability of the recovered clock phase while
improving the response time for multiple phase updates in the same direction. For example, if the recovered
clock phase needs several adjustments in the same direction, then: the LFC increments until it hits LfcMax
value and then be set to LfcMin (and trigger a phase adjustment); then it would increment to LfcMax value
again to trigger the next phase adjustment. If, however, the next phase adjustment needs to be in the opposite
direction, the LFC would decrement to zero, change direction, and then increment up to LfcMax again. In this
way, phase adjustments in the same direction occur more quickly than phase adjustments in the opposite direction of the prior phase adjustment.
The nominal sample clock is offset by 90 degrees from the recovered clock. An offset can be inserted to move
the sample clock from the nominal position, based on SamClkPiOffset and SamClkPiOffsetSign.
Bits
Description
31:30 Reserved.
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29:22 LfcMax: loop filter counter maximum value. Read-write. Revision B: Cold reset: 80h. Revisions C
and later: Cold reset: 20h. Recommended BIOS setting is 20h for higher link frequencies. For lower
link frequencies, lower LfcMax value can be programmed to further optimize clock recovery and
hence link reconnect time; for example, LfcMax can be 10h when link frequency is 1.2GHz.
21:14 LfcMin: loop filter counter minimum value. Read-write. Revision B: Cold reset: 40h. Revisions C
and later: Cold reset: 10h. Recommended BIOS setting is 10h for higher link frequencies. For lower
link frequencies, lower LfcMin value can be programmed to further optimize clock recovery and
hence link reconnect time; for example, LfcMin can be 08h when link frequency is 1.2GHz.
13:10 Reserved.
9:8
7
Must be 10b. Read-write.
SamClkPiOffsetEn: sample clock phase interpolator offset enable. Read-write. Cold reset: 0.
1=Enable offset insertion around the nominal sample clock position.
6:4
SamClkPiOffset: sample clock phase interpolator offset setting. Read-write. Cold reset: X. This
field specifies the magnitude of the offset of the sample clock from the nominal position. See
Figure 18. This field is encoded as follows.
• Sample clock phase interpolator offset = (SamClkPiOffset + 1) * step size.
• If link speed is >3.6GT/s, the expected typical step size is 2ps with a +/-1ps error.
• If link speed is <=3.6GT/s, the expected typical step size is 3ps with a +/-1ps error.
3
SamClkPiOffsetSign: sample clock phase interpolator offset setting sign bit. Read-write. Cold
reset: X. 0=Sample clock is moved to before the nominal position. 1=Sample clock is moved to after
the nominal position. See SamClkPiOffset and Figure 18.
2:0
Reserved.
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D3, C3] Link Phy Timing Margin Registers
See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access information. The _xC3 register number specifies values for
CAD[7:0], CTL0, and CLK0; the _xD3 register number specifies values for CAD[15:8], CTL1, and CLK1.
The built in jitter injection test mode is useful for checking the clock data recovery tracking bandwidth of the
receiver. By forcing the sample clock to move from the lock position by a controlled amount and then observing the time it takes to recover, the tracking rate and bandwidth can be estimated. This register provides the
control of the test mode.
The jitter injection test mode works as follows.
• The circuit is clocked by a jitter injection clock derived from dividing the link forwarded clock by 2.5; for
example, if the link speed is 5.2GT/s and the link forwarded clock frequency is 2.6GHz, the jitter injection
clock frequency becomes 1.04GHz.
• There are 2 phases, the on phase and the off phase. It starts with the on phase once the test mode is enabled.
• During the on phase, at every tick of jitter injection clock, the sample clock is moved away from the nominal
lock position by 1/96*UI.
• The direction of adjustment is specified by JitterInjDir.
• The on phase adjustment continues for a number of times as specified by JitterInjOnCnt.
• Then the adjustment turns off for a duration specified by {JitterInjOffCnt, JitterInjOnCnt} * jitter injection
clock period, this is known as the off phase. During this time, clock data recovery resumes to try to adjust the
position of the sample clock back to the center of the data eye.
• The off phase is followed by the on phase again. The process continues to alternate between the on phase and
the off phase until the jitter injection test mode is disabled.
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In addition, the JitterInjHold bit may be set to inject a hold state at the end of the on phase. This stops clock
data recovery from resuming after the on phase, hence holding the sample clock at its last adjusted position
until the JitterInjHold bit is cleared. This test mode may be useful for margining the width of the input data eye.
Note: This margining mechanism is not characterized for precision jitter adjustments or measurements.
Bits
Description
31
Reserved.
30
JitterInjEn: jitter injection enable. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 1=Jitter injection test mode is
enabled.
29
JitterInjDir: jitter injection direction. Read-write. Cold reset: 0.
Bit
Definition
0
Move clock before the nominal lock position.
1
Move clock after the nominal lock position.
28:23 JitterInjOnCnt: jitter injection on count. Read-write. Cold reset: 0.
22:16 Reserved.
15:10 JitterInjOffCnt:jitter injection off count. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. The jitter injection off time
count is a 12bit code, this field specifies the most significant 6 bits. The least significant 6 bits are the
same as JitterInjOnCnt.
9
8:0
JitterInjHold:jitter injection hold. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 1=Jitter injection hold is enabled.
Reserved.
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D4, C4] Link Phy DFE and DFR Control Registers
See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access information. The _xC4 register number specifies values for
CAD[7:0], CTL0, and CLK0; the _xD4 register number specifies values for CAD[15:8], CTL1, and CLK1. If
there is a requirement to optimize performance on a per-lane basis, see F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x4[9:0][8, 0]6 for
more information. These register bits are updated as specified by F0x16C[ImmUpdate].
The processor supports decision feedback restore (DFR), a function that enables on-chip AC coupling on the
receiver path in Gen3 DC-coupled mode, to improve the receiver’s ability to operate over a longer channel. In
this mode, the receiver on the processor must be programmed with the expected peak single-ended DC voltage
level over the single-ended DC common mode voltage level, as seen by the receiver, when a static 1 or 0 is
driven. For example, without deemphasis at nominal supply voltage of 1.2V, the peak single ended voltage is
expected to be 300mV ideally above the single ended DC common mode voltage level. The value is dependent
on the deemphasis setting of the transmitter on the other end of the channel.
For revision D and later, decision feedback equalization (DFE) can be enabled to enhance Gen3 link operation.
Once enabled, the receiver uses the logic level of the previous data bit to adjust the voltage threshold of the
sampler in the direction that causes the sampler to switch sooner when the data bit transitions to the opposite
logic level for the next bit. The control and DFE voltage level are included in this register.
Bits
Description
31:16 Reserved.
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15:10 DCV: transmit single ended DC voltage level. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. This field specifies the
peak single-ended DC voltage level over the single-ended DC common mode voltage level, full swing
or deemphasized, of the transmitter. BIOS should program this field based on the following equation
(rounded to the nearest integer):
DCV=32*10^(DE/20) where DE is the far-device deemphasis setting.
The following is a list of typical settings:
Far-device deemphasis setting DCV
No deemphasis
20h
-3dB postcursor
17h
-6dB postcursor
10h
-8dB postcursor
0Dh
9
VdcDacFine. Read-write. Revision B: Reserved. Revision C and later revisions: Cold reset: 0.
1=Changes the resolution of DCV and limits range by half.
8
Reserved.
7
DfeEn: DFE enable. Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision D and later: Read-write.
Cold reset: 0. 1=Decision feedback equalization is enabled.
6:5
DfeVoltage: DFE offset voltage level. Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision D and
later: Read-write. Cold reset: 0. This field specifies the magnitude of the DFE offset voltage.
Bits
Definition
00b
DFE offset voltage=25mV.
01b
DFE offset voltage=12.5mV.
10b
DFE offset voltage=20mV.
11b
DFE offset voltage=35mV.
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D5, C5] Link Phy Deemphasis Value Registers
See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access information. The _xC5 register number specifies the deemphasis
values for CAD[7:0], CTL0, and CLK0; the _xD5 register number specifies the deemphasis values for
CAD[15:8], CTL1, and CLK1. If there is a requirement to optimize deemphasis settings on a per-lane basis,
see F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x6[9:0][8, 0]0 for more information. See 2.7.3 [Equalization] for more information
about deemphasis. Links connecting internal nodes as specified by F0x1A0[IntLnkRoute] do not require deemphasis. These register bits are updated as specified by F0x16C[ImmUpdate].
For Gen3 links, the fields in this register can be programmed during link initialization to select the right deemphasis setting shown in Table 101
Table 101: Gen3 deemphasis settings
Gen3 deemphasis1 setting2 DL1, DL2, DP1 PostCur1En PostCur2En
No deemphasis (0dB)
00h, 00h, 00h
0
0
-3dB postcursor
12h, 00h, 00h
1
0
-6dB postcursor
1Fh, 00h, 00h
1
0
1. MapPreCurEn=0 for all the supported Gen 3 deemphasis settings.
2. Deemphasis is not supported by the transmit clock lanes.
3. This setting is expected to be used for links with very high loss.
PreCur1En
MapPostCur2En
0
0
0
0
0
0
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Table 101: Gen3 deemphasis settings
Gen3 deemphasis1 setting2 DL1, DL2, DP1 PostCur1En PostCur2En
-8dB postcursor
1Fh, 06h, 00h
1
1
-11dB postcursor
1Fh, 0Dh, 00h
1
1
-11dB postcursor with
1Fh, 06h, 07h
1
1
3
-8dB precursor
1. MapPreCurEn=0 for all the supported Gen 3 deemphasis settings.
2. Deemphasis is not supported by the transmit clock lanes.
3. This setting is expected to be used for links with very high loss.
PreCur1En
MapPostCur2En
0
0
1
1
1
1
Deemphasis is not supported when operating at Gen1 link frequencies. PostCur1En, PostCur2En, and
PreCur1En must be 0 for Gen1 links.
Table 102 and Table 103 show recommended deemphasis settings for systems that have not been fully modeled and can also be used as estimates to begin margining work.
Table 102: Estimated deemphasis (dB) for microstrip routing
Length of
trace (in)
Frequency of operation (GHz)
2.6
2.4
2.2
1
2
3
1 2
3
0
0 /-3 /-3
0 /0 /-3
1
2
3
0
-3
0 /-3 /-3
4
3.2
-3
5
-3
6
7
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
8
9
10
11
12
13
-3
-6
-6
-6
-6
-6
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
01/-32/-33
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
14
-6
-3
-3
-3
-3
15
16
-6
-6
-31/-62/-63
-6
-6
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
17
18
19
-6
-8
-8
-6
-6
-6
-31/-62/-63
-6
-6
-6
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-8
-6
-6
-3
-3
20
1. 0 connectors
2. 1 connector
3. 2 connectors
-31/-32/-63
0
-31/-32/-63
-6
2.0
0
1.8
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-3
-3
-3
0
0
0
0
-3
-3
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Table 103: Estimated deemphasis (dB) for stripline routing
Length of
trace (in)
4
3.2
-3
5
6
-3
-3
7
8
9
-3
-3
-31/-62/-63
10
11
12
13
-31/-62/-63
-6
-6
-6
14
-6
15
-6
16
17
18
-6
-6
19
20
1. 0 connectors
2. 1 connector
3. 2 connectors
Bits
Frequency of operation (GHz)
2.6
2.4
2.2
1
2
3
1 2
3
0
0 /-3 /-3
0 /0 /-3
-3
-3
0
1
-3
-3
0 /02/-33
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-31/-32/-63
-31/-32/-63
-6
-61/-82/-83
-8
-8
-3
1
2
3
-6
-6
-6
-3 /-3 /-6
-6
-6
-6
-6
-6
-6
-6
2.0
0
1.8
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-3
01/02/-33
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-3
-31/-32/-63
-6
-6
Description
31
PostCur1En: post-cursor 1 deemphasis enable. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 1=Post-cursor
deemphasis is enabled. 0=Post-cursor 1 deemphasis is not supported.
30
PostCur2En: post-cursor 2 deemphasis enable. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 1=Post-cursor
deemphasis is enabled. 0=Post-cursor 2 deemphasis is not supported.
29
PreCur1En: pre-cursor 1 deemphasis enable. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 1=The data path to the
transmitter is delayed by one bit time in support of pre-cursor 1 deemphasis. 0=The data path to the
transmitter is not delayed by one bit time; pre-cursor 1 deemphasis is not supported. If pre-cursor 1
deemphasis is not required, this bit should be left in the low state for better performance.
28:26 Must be 000b. Read-write.
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25:21 VML: transmitter voltage margin level. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 0=Voltage margining is
disabled. This field specifies a reduction in the nominal output differential voltage levels, full-swing
or deemphasized, as follows:
• MapPreToMargin=0: Margined diff voltage = nominal diff voltage * (1 - VML/3Eh)
• MapPreToMargin=1: Margined diff voltage = nominal diff voltage * (1 - (VML+DP1)/3Eh)
Voltage margining controlled by this field is intended to aid in link electrical testing and
characterization. Note that the actual voltage levels are subject to quantization effects and other
effects that reduce the accuracy of the above equations.
20:16 DL1: deemphasis level 1. Read-write. Cold reset: 12h. The cold reset value supports -3dB deemphasis level.
15:14 Reserved.
13
MapPreToMargin: map pre-cursor to margin. Revision B: Reserved. Revision C and later: Readwrite. Cold reset: 0. 1=Pre-cursor deemphasis is mapped to margining. See VML.
12:8 DL2: deemphasis level 2. Read-write. Cold reset: 0.
7
TxLs23ClkGateEn: LS2/LS3 clock gating enable. Revision B and earlier: Reserved. Revision C
and later: Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 1= internal phy clock grids are gated during LS2 or PHY OFF
states to save power. BIOS should set this bit for revision (DA-C || C3 || D1 and later G34 || D1 and
later C32 || E) processors when the link is operating at Gen3 speeds. BIOS should leave this bit at the
default value in all other cases.
6
MapPostCur2En: Map post-cursor 2 deemphasis enable. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 1=Post-cursor
2 deemphasis is mapped to post-cursor 1 deemphasis. See above.
5
MapPreCurEn: Map pre-cursor deemphasis enable. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 1=Pre-cursor
deemphasis is mapped to post-cursor 1 deemphasis. See above.
4:0
DP1: deemphasis pre-cursor level 1. Read-write. Cold reset: 0.
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[DF, CF] Link FIFO Read Pointer Optimization Registers
Cold reset: 0000 0000h. See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access information. The _xCF register number
specifies values for CAD[7:0], CTL0, and CLK0; the _xDF register number specifies values for CAD[15:8],
CTL1, and CLK1.
There is a synchronization FIFO between the NB clock domain and each of the link clock domains. At cold
reset, the read pointer and write pointer for each of these FIFOs is positioned conservatively (30 bit-times
apart), such that FIFO latency may be greater than is necessary. This register may be used to position the read
pointer and write pointer of each FIFO closer to each other such that latency is reduced. Each of the fields of
this register specify the number of positions to move read pointer closer to the write pointer. After writing to
this register, the new values are applied to the FIFOs each time the link disconnects and reconnects, including
warm resets and LDTSTOP_L assertions. Reads from the register after a write but before the link disconnects
and reconnects, returns the current value, not the pending value from the last write. Async clocking mode does
not move the pointers closer than programmed, it only allows them to keep the programmed separation when
the received clock is faster or slower than the transmit clock.
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Table 104: Recommended XmtRdPtr settings for G34 and C32 processors
NB COF (GHz) HTCLK (GHz) F4x1[9C,94,84]_x[DF,CF][XmtRdPtr]
1.4
Any
2
1.6
1.2
6
1.4
6
1.6
6
1.8
5
2.0
5
2.2
5
2.4
5
2.6
5
2.8
4
3.0
4
3.2
6
1.8
1.2
6
1.4
6
1.6
6
1.8
6
2.0
5
2.2
5
2.4
5
2.6
5
2.8
5
3.0
4
3.2
4
2.0
1.2
6
1.4
6
1.6
6
1.8
6
2.0
6
2.2
5
2.4
5
2.6
5
2.8
5
3.0
5
3.2
4
F4x18C_x[DF,CF][XmtRdPtr]
2
6
5
6
5
4
4
4
3
3
3
4
6
5
5
6
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
6
5
5
5
5
4
5
4
3
3
3
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Table 104: Recommended XmtRdPtr settings for G34 and C32 processors
NB COF (GHz) HTCLK (GHz) F4x1[9C,94,84]_x[DF,CF][XmtRdPtr]
2.2
1.2
6
1.4
6
1.6
6
1.8
6
2.0
6
2.2
6
2.4
5
2.6
5
2.8
5
3.0
5
3.2
4
Bits
F4x18C_x[DF,CF][XmtRdPtr]
6
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
3
3
3
Description
31:8 Reserved.
7:4
XmtRdPtr: transmit FIFO read pointer. Read-write. Specified in double-bit time increments.
0h
Position the read pointer 0 bit times closer to the write pointer.
1h
Position the read pointer 2 bit times closer to the write pointer.
...
...
Fh
Position the read pointer 30 bit times closer to the write pointer.
For Gen 1 links, BIOS should program this to 6h.
For Gen 3 links, BIOS should program this according to the following recommendations:
• Revision B and revision C if F3x1F0[NbPstate]=000b: 5h
• Revision C if F3x1F0[NbPstate] != 000b: 4h.
• Revision D F(1207): 5h.
• Revision D G34 and C32: See Table 104.
Values less than the recommended value are allowed; values greater than the recommended value are
illegal.
3:0
RcvRdPtr: receive FIFO read pointer. Read-write. Specified in double-bit time increments.
0h
Position the read pointer 0 bit times closer to the write pointer.
1h
Position the read pointer 2 bit times closer to the write pointer.
...
...
Fh
Position the read pointer 30 bit times closer to the write pointer.
BIOS should program this to Dh for Gen 1 links and Ah for Gen 3 links. Values less than the recommended value are allowed; values greater than the recommended value are illegal.
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_xE0 Link Phy Compensation Control Register
See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access information. These register bits are updated as specified by
F0x16C[ImmUpdate].
Bits
Description
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31:30 CompCyc: compensation cycle. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. This specifies the number of internal
clock cycles used in averaging out compensation values.
Bits
Number of clocks
00b
256
01b
128
10b
64
11b
32
It is recommended that these bits remain in the default state.
29:28 Reserved.
27:23 RttRawCal: receiver termination resistance (Rtt) raw calibration value. Read-only. Cold reset:
X. This field provides the raw Rtt calibration value as determined by the compensation circuit.
22:18 RonRawCal: transmitter resistance (Ron) raw calibration value. Read-only. Cold reset: X. This
field provides the raw Ron calibration value as determined by the compensation circuit.
17:0 Reserved.
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x100 Link BIST Control Register
See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access information.
Bits
31
Description
Width. Read-only. Indicates the implemented width of the BIST engine. 0=8 bits. In 16-bit links, the
same patterns are transmitted on the upper and lower sublinks. The upper bit of F0x[18C:170][LaneSel] selects which half of the link is checked in the receiver.
30:27 Reserved.
26:16 ErrCnt: error count. Read; write-1s-only-to-clear (writes other than all-zeroes or all-ones result in
undefined behavior); controlled by hardware. Cold reset: 0. This field is incremented by hardware
upon detection of each error on any lane. This count is the sum of error counts from each lane, each of
which saturates at 63. See F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x144[ErrCntCtl], F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x148, and
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x14C.
15:13 Reserved.
12:8 ErrLnNum: error lane number. Read; write-1s-only-to-clear (writes other than all-zeroes or allones result in undefined behavior); controlled by hardware. Cold reset: 0. This value is set by hardware to the lane of the sublink that failed upon detection of the first error by the BIST receiver. If multiple bits fail at the same time, the highest-numbered bit is recorded.
ErrLnNum Lane
ErrLnNum Lane
0000b
CAD0
0101b
CAD5
0001b
CAD1
0110b
CAD6
0010b
CAD2
0111b
CAD7
0011b
CAD3
1000b
CTL
0100b
CAD4
All other encodings reserved.
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7:6
ErrStat: error status. Read; write-1s-only-to-clear (writes other than all-zeroes or all-ones result in
undefined behavior); controlled by hardware. Cold reset: 00b. This value is set by hardware to the
error type upon detection of the first error by the BIST receiver.
Bits Status
00b no error
01b training error
10b pattern miscompare
11b reserved
5
InvRotEn: inversion rotate enable. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. This bit enables rotation of [The Link
BIST Southbound TX Inversion Register] F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x110 and [The Link BIST Northbound RX Inversion Register] F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x130 at the completion of each BIST loop.
4:2
Reserved.
1
RxDis: receiver disable. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 1=Disables checking of BIST patterns in the
receiver if BIST is already active. An LDTSTOP# or RESET# assertion is still required to exit BIST.
If BIST has not started yet, setting this bit additionally removes any dependency on receiver link
training, such that the transmitter sequences through the minimum training sets and begin sending
BIST patterns at the completion of these training sets.
0
Reserved.
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x104 Link BIST Southbound TX Pattern Control Register
See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access information.
Bits
Description
31:26 Reserved.
25:21 ConstCnt: constant generator count. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Selects the number of times to
repeat the constant selected by ConstSel, in multiples of 24 bits.
00000b: 0 (disabled)
00001b: 24 bits
…
11111b: 24*31=744 bits
20
ConstSel: constant generator select. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Selects 0 or 1 to send for the time
the constant generator is active.
19:13 ModCnt: modulo-N count. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Selects the number of times to repeat the
Modulo-N counter (a counter with a period of N bits) pattern, 0 to 127.
12:10 ModSel: modulo-N select. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Selects the pattern sent by the Modulo-N counter:
Bits
Divisor – Pattern
001b
L/2 – 0101_0101_0101_0101_0101_0101b
010b
L/4 – 0011_0011_0011_0011_0011_0011b
011b
L/6 – 0001_1100_0111_0001_1100_0111b
100b
L/8 – 0000_1111_0000_1111_0000_1111b
110b
L/24 – 0000_0000_0000_1111_1111_1111b
all others reserved
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
9:3
PatCnt: pattern buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Selects the number of times to repeat
the pattern selected by F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x118, 0 to 127.
2:0
Order. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Selects the order in which each pattern is sent.
Bits
Order
000b
Pattern Buffer, Modulo-N Counter, Constant Generator
001b
Pattern Buffer, Constant Generator, Modulo-N Counter
010b
Modulo-N Counter, Pattern Buffer, Constant Generator
011b
Modulo-N Counter, Constant Generator, Pattern Buffer
100b
Constant Generator, Pattern Buffer, Modulo-N Counter
101b
Constant Generator, Modulo-N Counter, Pattern Buffer
110, 111b reserved
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x108 Link BIST Southbound TX Pattern Buffer 1 Register
See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access information.
Bits
Description
31:24 Reserved.
23:0 Pattern1[23:0]. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Holds the first 24 bits of Pattern Buffer 1.
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x10C Link BIST Southbound TX Mask Register
See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access information.
Bits
Description
31:9 Reserved.
8:0
TxMask[8:0]. Read-write. Cold reset: 1FFh. Selects lanes of the sublinks to transmit a logical 0.
1=Lane active. 0=Lane masked.
Bit Lane
Bit Lane
0
CAD0
5
CAD5
1
CAD1
6
CAD6
2
CAD2
7
CAD7
3
CAD3
8
CTL
4
CAD4
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x110 Link BIST Southbound TX Inversion Register
See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access information.
Bits
Description
31:9 Reserved.
8:0
TxInv[8:0]. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Selects lanes of the sublinks to invert. 1=Lane inverted.
0=Lane unmodified.
Bit Lane
Bit Lane
0
CAD0
5
CAD5
1
CAD1
6
CAD6
2
CAD2
7
CAD7
3
CAD3
8
CTL
4
CAD4
When F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x100[InvRotEn] is set, the bits corresponding to active lanes rotate to the
left at the completion of each BIST loop: {NxtTxInv[8:0]}={TxInv[7:0],TxInv[8]}. Note: if the transmitter and receiver are different widths, inversion rotation can only be used for 16/8-bit links and the
initial pattern in the inversion register must repeat on 9-bit boundaries.
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x114 Link BIST Southbound TX Pattern Buffer 2 Register
See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access information.
Bits
Description
31:24 Reserved.
23:0 Pattern2[23:0]. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Holds the first 24 bits of Pattern Buffer 2.
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x118 Link BIST Southbound TX Pattern Buffer 2 Enable Register
See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access information.
Bits
Description
31:9 Reserved.
8:0
Pat2En[8:0]. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Selects lanes of the sublinks that use Pattern Buffer 2 instead
of Pattern Buffer 1. 1=Buffer 2 selected. 0=Buffer 1 selected.
Bit Lane
Bit Lane
0
CAD0
5
CAD5
1
CAD1
6
CAD6
2
CAD2
7
CAD7
3
CAD3
8
CTL
4
CAD4
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x11C Link BIST Southbound TX Pattern Buffer Extension Register
See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access information.
Bits
Description
31:16 Pattern2[39:24]. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Holds the upper 16 bits of Pattern Buffer 2.
15:0 Pattern1[39:24]. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Holds the upper 16 bits of Pattern Buffer 1.
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x120 Link BIST Southbound TX Scramble Register
See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access information.
Bits
Description
31:9 Reserved.
8:0
TxScramble. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Selects lanes of the sublinks to scramble. 1=Scrambling
enabled. 0=Scrambling disabled.
Bit Lane
Bit Lane
0
CAD0
5
CAD5
1
CAD1
6
CAD6
2
CAD2
7
CAD7
3
CAD3
8
CTL
4
CAD4
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x124 Link BIST Northbound RX Pattern Control Register
See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access information.
Bits
Description
31:26 Reserved.
25:21 ConstCnt: constant generator count. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Selects the number of times to
repeat the constant selected by ConstSel, in multiples of 24 bits.
00000b: 0 (disabled)
00001b: 24 bits
…
11111b: 24*31=744 bits
20
ConstSel: constant generator select. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Selects 0 or 1 to send for the time
the constant generator is active.
19:13 ModCnt: modulo-N count. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Selects the number of times to repeat the
Modulo-N counter (a counter with a period of N bits) pattern, 0 to 127.
12:10 ModSel: modulo-N select. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Selects the pattern sent by the Modulo-N counter:
Bits
Divisor – Pattern
001b
L/2 – 0101_0101_0101_0101_0101_0101b
010b
L/4 – 0011_0011_0011_0011_0011_0011b
011b
L/6 – 0001_1100_0111_0001_1100_0111b
100b
L/8 – 0000_1111_0000_1111_0000_1111b
110b
L/24 – 0000_0000_0000_1111_1111_1111b
all others reserved
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31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
9:3
PatCnt: pattern buffer count. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Selects the number of times to repeat
the pattern selected by F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x118, 0 to 127.
2:0
Order. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Selects the order in which each pattern is sent.
Bits
Order
000b
Pattern Buffer, Modulo-N Counter, Constant Generator
001b
Pattern Buffer, Constant Generator, Modulo-N Counter
010b
Modulo-N Counter, Pattern Buffer, Constant Generator
011b
Modulo-N Counter, Constant Generator, Pattern Buffer
100b
Constant Generator, Pattern Buffer, Modulo-N Counter
101b
Constant Generator, Modulo-N Counter, Pattern Buffer
110, 111b reserved
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x128 Link BIST Northbound RX Pattern Buffer 1 Register
See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access information.
Bits
Description
31:24 Reserved.
23:0 Pattern1[23:0]. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Holds the first 24 bits of Pattern Buffer 1.
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x12C Link BIST Northbound RX Mask Register
See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access information.
Bits
Description
31:9 Reserved.
8:0
RxMask[8:0]. Read-write. Cold reset: 1FFh. Selects lanes of the selected sublink that are checked by
the receiver. 1=Lane active. 0=Lane masked. Software is responsible for clearing bits 7:4 for 4-bit
links and bits 7:2 for 2-bit links.
Bit Lane
Bit Lane
0
CAD0
5
CAD5
1
CAD1
6
CAD6
2
CAD2
7
CAD7
3
CAD3
8
CTL
4
CAD4
365
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x130 Link BIST Northbound RX Inversion Register
See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access information.
Bits
Description
31:9 Reserved.
8:0
RxInv[8:0]. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Selects lanes of the sublink that are inverted. 1=Lane inverted.
0=Lane unmodified.
Bit Lane
Bit Lane
0
CAD0
5
CAD5
1
CAD1
6
CAD6
2
CAD2
7
CAD7
3
CAD3
8
CTL
4
CAD4
When F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x100[InvRotEn] is set, the bits corresponding to active lanes rotate to the
left at the completion of each BIST loop: {NxtTxInv[8:0]}={TxInv[7:0],TxInv[8]}. Note: if the transmitter and receiver are different widths, inversion rotation can only be used for 16/8-bit links and the
initial pattern in the inversion register must repeat on 9-bit boundaries.
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x134 Link BIST Northbound RX Pattern Buffer 2 Register
See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access information.
Bits
Description
31:24 Reserved.
23:0 Pattern2[23:0]. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Holds the first 24 bits of Pattern Buffer 2.
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x138 Link BIST Northbound RX Pattern Buffer 2 Enable Register
See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access information.
Bits
Description
31:9 Reserved.
8:0
Pat2En[8:0]. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Selects lanes of the sublink that use Pattern Buffer 2 instead
of Pattern Buffer 1. 1=Buffer 2 selected. 0=Buffer 1 selected.
Bit Lane
Bit Lane
0
CAD0
5
CAD5
1
CAD1
6
CAD6
2
CAD2
7
CAD7
3
CAD3
8
CTL
4
CAD4
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x13C Link BIST Northbound RX Pattern Buffer Extension Register
See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access information.
Bits
Description
31:16 Pattern2[39:24]. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Holds the upper 16 bits of Pattern Buffer 2.
15:0 Pattern1[39:24]. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Holds the upper 16 bits of Pattern Buffer 1.
366
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x140 Link BIST Northbound RX Scramble Register
See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access information.
Bits
Description
31:9 Reserved.
8:0
RxScramble. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Selects lanes of the sublink to scramble. 1=Scrambling
enabled. 0=Scrambling disabled.
Bit Lane
Bit Lane
0
CAD0
5
CAD5
1
CAD1
6
CAD6
2
CAD2
7
CAD7
3
CAD3
8
CTL
4
CAD4
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x144 Link BIST Northbound RX Error Status Register
See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access information.
Bits
31
Description
Reserved.
30:24 ErrCntCtl: CTL lane Error Count. Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision D and
later: Read-only. ErrCntCtl[5:0] indicates the number of BIST errors detected on this lane since the
last time F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x100[ErrCnt] was cleared. ErrCntCtl[6] indicates overflow when set.
23:9 Reserved.
8:0
RxErrStat. Read; write-0-to-clear (all bits of the field must be 0; if any of them are set, the write is
ignored); set-by-hardware. Cold reset: 0. Indicates lanes of the selected sublink that had errors.
Bit Lane
Bit Lane
0
CAD0
5
CAD5
1
CAD1
6
CAD6
2
CAD2
7
CAD7
3
CAD3
8
CTL
4
CAD4
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x148 Link BIST Northbound RX Per-Lane Error Count Register 1
Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision D and later: See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access
information.
Bits
31
Description
Reserved.
30:24 ErrCntCad3: CAD3 lane Error Count. See F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x144[ErrCntCtl].
23
Reserved.
22:16 ErrCntCad2: CAD2 lane Error Count. See F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x144[ErrCntCtl].
15
Reserved.
14:8 ErrCntCad1: CAD1 lane Error Count. See F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x144[ErrCntCtl].
367
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
7
6:0
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Reserved.
ErrCntCad0: CAD0 lane Error Count. See F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x144[ErrCntCtl].
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x14C Link BIST Northbound RX Per-Lane Error Count Register 2
Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision D and later: See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for register access
information.
Bits
31
Description
Reserved.
30:24 ErrCntCad7: CAD7 lane Error Count. See F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x144[ErrCntCtl].
23
Reserved.
22:16 ErrCntCad6: CAD6 lane Error Count. See F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x144[ErrCntCtl].
15
Reserved.
14:8 ErrCntCad5: CAD5 lane Error Count. See F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x144[ErrCntCtl].
7
6:0
Reserved.
ErrCntCad4: CAD4 lane Error Count. See F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x144[ErrCntCtl].
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x4[9:0][8, 0]6 Link Phy DFE and DFR Control Registers
Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision D and later revisions: The definition of this register is
similar to that of F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D4, C4]. This register provides per-lane programmability whereas
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D4, C4] only allows per-sublink programmability.
This is a direct map register set. See F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for direct map register access information. The 16 bit
wide register numbers are mapped to the transmit lanes as follows:
Offset
4006h
4086h
4106h
4186h
4206h
4286h
4306h
4386h
4406h
4486h
4506h
4586h
4606h
4686h
4706h
4786h
4806h
4906h
Lane
CADIN[0]
CADIN[1]
CADIN[2]
CADIN[3]
CADIN[4]
CADIN[5]
CADIN[6]
CADIN[7]
CADIN[8]
CADIN[9]
CADIN[10]
CADIN[11]
CADIN[12]
CADIN[13]
CADIN[14]
CADIN[15]
CTLIN[0]
CTLIN[1]
Accessing any register number that is not listed above might result in undefined behavior of the phy.
These register bits are updated as specified by F0x16C[ImmUpdate].
368
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
Bits
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Description
31:0 See F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D4, C4].
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[530A, 520A] DLL Control and Test Register 3
These registers are direct mapped registers, see F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for direct map register access information.
The _x520A register number specifies values for CAD[7:0], and CTL0; the _x530A register number specifies
values for CAD[15:8], and CTL1.
Bits
Description
31:29 Ls2ExitTime: LS2 exit time. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. This field selects the internal timer that
delays the turn-on of the DLL after exit from LS2 state to L0 state. The added delay allows the
forwarded input clock to achieve better stability.
Definition
Bits
000b
Delay=10us.
001b
Delay=5us.
010b
Delay=2.5us.
011b
Delay=1.25us.
100b
Delay=625ns.
101b
Delay=0s.
110b,111b reserved.
Note: The value specified by Ls2ExitTime must be less than the value specified by F0x16C[T0Time],
or it can cause undefined behavior.
28:15 Reserved.
14:13 AnalogWaitTime: analog wait time to turn on DLL. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. Revisions A and B:
This field is used with DllAnalogOkIgnore; if DllAnalogOkIgnore is set, the turning on of the DLL
circuit after cold reset is delayed by a timer specified by this field. Revisions C and later: The turning
on of the DLL circuit after cold reset is always delayed by a timer specified by this field. The
encodings are as follows:
Bits
Definition
00b
Delay=1.25us.
01b
Delay=0.625us.
10b
Delay=2.5us.
11b
Delay=0.3125us.
BIOS should program this field to 10b.
12:11 Reserved.
10
DllAnalogOkIgnore: DLL analog start signal ignore. Revision B: Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 1=The
delay of turning on of DLL circuit after reset is controlled purely by a timer specified by
AnalogWaitTime. See AnalogWaitTime for more information. 0=DLL is turned on after reset by a
signal automatically generated based on the status of internal supply voltage level. BIOS should set
this bit to 1b. Revision C and later: Reserved.
9:8
Reserved.
7
BiasDisInLs2: bias disable in LS2 power state. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. 1=Enables lower power
LS2 state; current consumption is lowered by approximately 2.5mA per receive lane when compared
to standard LS2 power mode. Setting this bit increases the amount of T0Time needed to relock the
DLL.Note: When this bit is set, Ls2ExitTime must be programmed to select a value that is greater
than or equal to AnalogWaitTime. 0=Standard LS2 power mode. .
369
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
6:5
4
3:1
0
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Reserved.
LockDetOnLs2Exit: DLL lock detect on LS2 exit. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. This field selects the
LS2 to L0 power state transition speed. 1=Fast transition mode selected. 0=Slow transition mode
selected.
Reserved.
EnCoreLoopFirst: enable DLL core loop first on LS2 exit. Read-write. Cold reset: 0. This field
selects LS2 to L0 power state transition speed. 1=Fast transition mode selected. 0=Slow transition
mode selected.
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x6[9:0][8, 0]0 Link Phy Deemphasis Value Registers
Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision D and later: The definition of this register is similar to
that of F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D5, C5]. This register provides per-lane programmability whereas F4x1[9C,
94, 8C, 84]_x[D5, C5] only allows per-sublink programmability. This is a direct map register set. See F4x1[98,
90, 88, 80] for direct map register access information. The 16 bit wide register numbers are mapped to the
transmit lanes as follows:
Offset
6000h
6080h
6100h
6180h
6200h
6280h
6300h
6380h
6400h
6480h
6500h
6580h
6600h
6680h
6700h
6780h
6800h
6880h
6900h
6980h
Lane
CADOUT[0]
CADOUT[1]
CADOUT[2]
CADOUT[3]
CADOUT[4]
CADOUT[5]
CADOUT[6]
CADOUT[7]
CADOUT[8]
CADOUT[9]
CADOUT[10]
CADOUT[11]
CADOUT[12]
CADOUT[13]
CADOUT[14]
CADOUT[15]
CTLOUT[0]
CLKOUT[0]
CTLOUT[1]
CLKOUT[1]
Accessing any register number that is not listed above might result in undefined behavior of the phy.
These register bits are updated as specified by F0x16C[ImmUpdate].
Bits
Description
31:0 See F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x[D5, C5].
F4x1[9C, 94, 8C, 84]_x6[9, 8]84 Link Phy Transmit Clock Phase Control Registers
Revision B and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision C and later revisions: This is a direct map register set, See
F4x1[98, 90, 88, 80] for direct map register access information. The 16 bit wide register numbers are mapped
370
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
to the transmit clock lanes as follows:
Offset
6884h
6984h
Lane
CLKOUT[0]
CLKOUT[1]
Accessing any register number that is not listed above might result in undefined behavior of the phy. These
register bits are updated as specified by F0x16C[ImmUpdate].
Note: This register is not applicable for CAD/CTL lanes.
Bits
Description
31:1 Reserved.
0
Tx90En: transmit clock 90 degree phase shift enable. Read-write. Cold reset: 1. 1=Enable 90
degree phase shift on transmit clock lanes relative to CAD/CTL lanes. 0=Clock and CAD/CTL lanes
are transmitted in phase. This feature may reduce cross-talk.
F4x1C4 L3 Power Control Register
Revision B and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision C and later revisions: Read-write. Reset: 0000 0010h.
Bits
Description
31:9 Reserved.
8
L3PwrSavEn: L3 power savings enable. 1=The clock to idle subcaches in the L3 is stopped. BIOS
should set this bit.
7:0
L3ClkHysCtl: L3 clock hysteresis control. Specifies the maximum number of clocks that the clock
is allowed to stop for an idle subcache. After the hysteresis counter expires the clock for the idle subcache is restarted for one clock. If the subcache is still idle after sending one clock to the subcache,
the clock is stopped and the hysteresis counter is restarted.
Value
Clocks
00h
Reserved
01h
1
02h
2
...
...
10h
16
FFh-11h Reserved
BIOS should not change this field from the default state.
F4x1C8 L3 Hit Statistics Register
Revision C and earlier revisions: Reserved. Revision D and later: Read-write. Reset: 0000 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:28 Reserved.
27:4 L3HitStat: L3 hit statistics. Read-only. See StatSel for the definition of the statistics returned by this
field.
371
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
3
2:0
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
StatSel: L3 hit statistics select. Read-write. 1=L3HitStat[23:0] returns a moving average of the
number of L3 hits per 6 * 226 Northbridge clocks. 0=L3HitStat[9:0] returns a moving average of the
number of L3 hits per 210 L3 accesses.
CoreSel: core select. Read-write. This field specifies the core selected for L3 hit statistics.
Bits
Description
000b
Core 0.
001b
Core 1.
010b
Core 2.
011b
Core 3.
100b
Core 4.
101b
Core 5.
All other encodings are reserved.
F4x1[F0:E0] P-state Specification Registers
All fields are read-only. These registers specify the reset defaults for fields in [The P-State [4:0] Registers]
MSRC001_00[68:64]. F4x1E0 corresponds to MSRC001_0064; F4x1E4 corresponds to MSRC001_0065; etc.
Bits
Description
31:28 Reserved.
27
PstateEn. Default for [The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64][PstateEn].
26:25 IddDiv. Default for [The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64][IddDiv].
24:17 IddValue. Default for [The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64][IddValue].
16
NbDid. Default for [The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64][NbDid].
15:9 CpuVid. Default for [The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64][CpuVid].
8:6
CpuDid. Default for [The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64][CpuDid].
5:0
CpuFid. Default for [The P-State [4:0] Registers] MSRC001_00[68:64][CpuFid].
F4x1F4 Northbridge P-state Specification Register
All fields are read-only.
Bits
Description
31:14 Reserved.
13:7 NbVid1. This specifies the cold-reset default for the [The P-State [4:0] Registers]
MSRC001_00[68:64][NbVid] fields in which MSRC001_00[68:64][NbDid] =1.
6:0
3.8
NbVid0. This specifies the cold-reset default for the [The P-State [4:0] Registers]
MSRC001_00[68:64][NbVid] fields in which MSRC001_00[68:64][NbDid] =0.
APIC Registers
See 3.1 [Register Descriptions and Mnemonics] for a description of the register naming convention.
372
31116 Rev 3.48 - April 22, 2010
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
APIC20 APIC ID Register
Reset: ??00 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:24 ApicId. Read-write. Reset: varies based on core number and node number; see MSRC001_001F[InitApicIdCpuIdLo]. See 2.9.5.1 [ApicId Enumeration Requirements]. When F0x68[ApicExtId and
ApicExtBrdCst] = 11b, all 8 bits of this field are used; if either of these bits is low, then bits[3:0] of
this field are used and bits[7:4] are reserved. See 2.9.2 [CPU Cores and Downcoring].
23:0 Reserved.
APIC30 APIC Version Register
Reset: 80?? 0010h.
Bits
31
Description
ExtApicSpace: extended APIC register space present. Read-only. This bit indicates the presence of
extended APIC register space starting at APIC400.
30:24 Reserved.
23:16 MaxLvtEntry. Read-only. Reset state varies by product. This field specifies the number of entries in
the local vector table minus one.
15:8 Reserved.
7:0
Version. Read-only. This field indicates the version number of this APIC implementation.
APIC80 Task Priority Register
Reset: 0000 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:8 Reserved.
7:0
Priority. Read-write. This field is assigned by software to set a threshold priority at which the core is
interrupted.
APIC90 Arbitration Priority Register
Reset: 0000 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:8 Reserved.
7:0
Priority. Read-only. This field indicates the current priority for a pending interrupt, or a task or interrupt being serviced by the core. The priority is used to arbitrate between cores to determine which
accepts a lowest-priority interrupt request.
APICA0 Processor Priority Register
Reset: 0000 0000h.
Bits
Description
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31:8 Reserved.
7:0
Priority. Read-only. This field indicates the core’s current priority servicing a task or interrupt, and is
used to determine if any pending interrupts should be serviced. It is the higher value of the task priority value and the current highest in-service interrupt.
APICB0 End of Interrupt Register
This register is written by the software interrupt handler to indicate the servicing of the current interrupt is
complete.
Bits
Description
31:0 Reserved. Write only. Reads return undefined data.
APICC0 Remote Read Register
Reset: 0000 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:0 RemoteReadData. Read-only. This field contains the data resulting from a valid completion of a
remote read inter-processor interrupt.
APICD0 Logical Destination Register
Reset: 0000 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:24 Destination. Read-write. This field contains this APIC’s destination identification. This field is used
to determine which interrupts should be accepted.
23:0 Reserved.
APICE0 Destination Format Register
Reset: FFFF FFFFh.
Bits
Description
31:28 Format. Read-write. This field controls which format to use when accepting interrupts with a logical
destination mode. The allowed values are:
• 0h = Cluster destinations are used.
• Fh = Flat destinations are used.
27:0 Reserved.
APICF0 Spurious Interrupt Vector Register
Reset: 0000 00FFh.
Bits
Description
31:10 Reserved.
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9
FocusDisable. Read-write. 1=Disable focus core checking during lowest-priority arbitrated interrupts.
8
APICSWEn: APIC software enable. Read-write. 0=SMI, NMI, INIT, Startup and Remote Read
interrupts may be accepted; pending interrupts in APIC[170:100] and APIC[270:200] are held, but
further fixed, lowest-priority, LINT, and ExtInt interrupts are not accepted. All LVT entry mask bits
are set and cannot be cleared.
7:0
Vector. Read-write. This field contains the vector that is sent to the core in the event of a spurious
interrupt. The behavior of bits 3:0 are controlled as specified by [The Link Transaction Control Register] F0x68[ApicExtSpur].
APIC[170:100] In-Service Registers
Reset: 0000 0000h. The in-service registers provide a bit per interrupt to indicate that the corresponding interrupt is being serviced by the core. APIC100[15:0] are reserved. Interrupts are mapped as follows:
Register
Interrupt Number
APIC100 31-16
APIC110 63-32
APIC120 95-64
APIC130 127-96
APIC140 159-128
APIC150 191-160
APIC160 223-192
APIC170 255-224
Bits
Description
31:0 InServiceBits. Read-only. These bits are set when the corresponding interrupt is being serviced by
the core.
APIC[1F0:180] Trigger Mode Registers
Reset: 0000 0000h. The trigger mode registers provide a bit per interrupt to indicate the assertion mode of each
interrupt. APIC180[15:0] are reserved. Interrupts are mapped as follows:
Interrupt Number
Register
APIC180 31-16
APIC190 63-32
APIC1A0 95-64
APIC1B0 127-96
APIC1C0 159-128
APIC1D0 191-160
APIC1E0 223-192
APIC1F0 255-224
Bits
Description
31:0 TriggerModeBits. Read-only. The corresponding trigger mode bit is updated when an interrupt is
accepted. The values are:
• 0b = edge-triggered interrupt.
• 1b = level-triggered interrupt.
APIC[270:200] Interrupt Request Registers
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Reset: 0000 0000h. The interrupt request registers provide a bit per interrupt to indicate that the corresponding
interrupt has been accepted by the APIC. APIC200[15:0] are reserved. Interrupts are mapped as follows:
Register
Interrupt Number
APIC200 31-16
APIC210 63-32
APIC220 95-64
APIC230 127-96
APIC240 159-128
APIC250 191-160
APIC260 223-192
APIC270 255-224
Bits
Description
31:0 RequestBits. Read-only. The corresponding request bit is set when the an interrupt is accepted by the
APIC.
APIC280 Error Status Register
Reset: 0000 0000h. Writes to this register trigger an update of the register state. The value written by software
is arbitrary. Each write causes the internal error state to be loaded into this register, clearing the internal error
state. Consequently, a second write prior to the occurrence of another error causes the register to be overwritten
with cleared data.
‘
Bits
Description
31:8 Reserved.
7
IllegalRegAddr: illegal register address. Read-write. This bit indicates that an access to a nonexistent register location within this APIC was attempted.
6
RcvdIllegalVector: received illegal vector. Read-write. This bit indicates that this APIC has
received a message with an illegal vector (00h to 0Fh for fixed and lowest priority interrupts).
5
SentIllegalVector. Read-write. This bit indicates that this APIC attempted to send a message with an
illegal vector (00h to 0Fh for fixed and lowest priority interrupts).
4
Reserved.
3
RcvAcceptError: receive accept error. Read-write. This bit indicates that a message received by
this APIC was not accepted by this or any other APIC.
2
SendAcceptError. Read-write. This bit indicates that a message sent by this APIC was not accepted
by any APIC.
1:0
Reserved.
APIC300 Interrupt Command Register Low
Reset: 0000 0000h. Not all combinations of ICR fields are valid. Only the following combinations are valid:
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Table 105: Valid ICR field combinations
Message Type
Trigger Mode
Edge
Level
Edge
Level
x
Assert
x
Lowest Priority, SMI,
NMI, INIT
Level
Assert
Startup
x
x
Fixed
Destination Shorthand
x
x
Destination or all excluding self.
Destination or all excluding self
Destination or all excluding self
Note: x indicates a don’t care.
Bits
Description
31:20 Reserved.
19:18 DestShrthnd: destination shorthand. Read-write. This field provides a quick way to specify a destination for a message. The valid encodings are as follows:
• 00b = Destination field
• 01b = Self
• 10b = All including self
• 11b = All excluding self (Note that this sends a message with a destination encoding of all 1s, so if
lowest priority is used the message could end up being reflected back to this APIC.)
If all including self or all excluding self is used, then destination mode is ignored and physical is automatically used.
17:16 RemoteRdStat: remote read status. Read-only. The encoding for this field is as follows:
• 00b = Read was invalid
• 01b = Delivery pending
• 10b = Delivery done and access was valid
• 11b = Reserved
15
TM: trigger mode. Read-write. This bit indicates how this interrupt is triggered. It is defined as follows:
• 0 = Edge triggered
• 1 = Level triggered
14
Level. Read-write. The values for this bit are as follows:
• 0 = Deasserted
• 1 = Asserted
13
Reserved.
12
DlvryStat: delivery status. Read-only. This bit is set to indicate that the interrupt has not yet been
accepted by the destination core(s).
11
DM: destination mode. Read-write. The values for this bit are as follows:
• 0 = Physical
• 1 = Logical
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10:8 MsgType. Read-write. The message types are encoded as follows:
• 000b = Fixed
• 001b = Lowest Priority
• 010b = SMI
• 011b = Remote read
• 100b = NMI
• 101b = INIT
• 110b = Startup
• 111b = External interrupt
7:0
Vector. Read-write. This field contains the vector that is sent for this interrupt source.
APIC310 Interrupt Command Register High
Reset: 0000 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:24 DestinationField. Read-write. This field contains the destination encoding used when
APIC300[DestShrthnd] is 00b.
23:0 Reserved.
APIC320 Timer Local Vector Table Entry
Reset: 0001 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:18 Reserved.
17
Mode. Read-write. The values for this bit are as follows:
• 0 = One-shot
• 1 = Periodic
16
Mask. Read-write. If this bit is set, this local vector table entry does not generate interrupts.
15:13 Reserved.
12
DlvryStat: delivery status. Read-only. This bit is set to indicate that the interrupt has not yet been
accepted by the core.
11
Reserved.
10:8 MsgType: message type. Write only. Read always returns 000b. See 2.13.1.10 [Generalized Local
Vector Table] for supported message types.
7:0
Vector. Read-write. This field contains the vector that is sent for this interrupt source.
APIC330 Thermal Local Vector Table Entry
Reset: 0001 0000h. Interrupts for this local vector table are caused by transitions in and out of an STC thermal
zone as described in 2.10.3.2 [Software Thermal Control (STC)], changes in [The P-State Current Limit Register] MSRC001_0061[CurPstateLimit] due to SB-RMI, HTC, or STC.
Bits
Description
31:17 Reserved.
16
Mask. Read-write. If this bit is set, this local vector table entry does not generate interrupts.
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15:13 Reserved.
12
DlvryStat: delivery status. Read-only. This bit is set to indicate that the interrupt has not yet been
accepted by the core.
11
Reserved.
10:8 MsgType: message type. Read-write. See 2.13.1.10 [Generalized Local Vector Table] for supported
message types.
7:0
Vector. Read-write. This field contains the vector that is sent for this interrupt source.
APIC340 Performance Counter Vector Table Entry
Reset: 0001 0000h. Interrupts for this local vector table are caused by overflows of [The Performance Event
Counter Registers (PERF_CTR[3:0])] MSRC001_00[07:04]. Note: The Mask bit is not set automatically when
the interrupt is taken.
Bits
Description
31:17 Reserved.
16
Mask. Read-write. If this bit is set, this local vector table entry does not generate interrupts.
15:13 Reserved.
12
DlvryStat: delivery status. Read-only. This bit is set to indicate that the interrupt has not yet been
accepted by the core.
11
Reserved.
10:8 MsgType: message type. Read-write. See 2.13.1.10 [Generalized Local Vector Table] for supported
message types.
7:0
Vector. Read-write. This field contains the vector that is sent for this interrupt source.
APIC350 Local Interrupt 0 (Legacy INTR) Local Vector Table Entry
Reset: 0001 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:17 Reserved.
16
Mask. Read-write. If this bit is set, this local vector table entry does not generate interrupts.
15
TM: trigger mode. Read-write. This bit indicates how this interrupt is triggered. It is defined as follows:
• 0 = Edge triggered
• 1 = Level triggered
14
RmtIRR. Read-only. If trigger mode is level, remote IRR is set when the interrupt has begun service.
Remote IRR is cleared when the end of interrupt has occurred.
13
PinPol: pin polarity. Read-write. This bit is not used because LINT interrupts are delivered by
HyperTransport™ messages instead of individual pins.
12
DlvryStat: delivery status. Read-only. This bit is set to indicate that the interrupt has not yet been
accepted by the core.
11
Reserved.
10:8 MsgType: message type. Read-write. See 2.13.1.10 [Generalized Local Vector Table] for supported
message types.
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7:0
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Vector. Read-write. This field contains the vector that is sent for this interrupt source.
APIC360 Local Interrupt 1(Legacy NMI) Local Vector Table Entry
Reset: 0001 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:0 See APIC350.
APIC370 Error Local Vector Table Entry
Reset: 0001 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:17 Reserved.
16
Mask. Read-write. If this bit is set, this local vector table entry does not generate interrupts.
15:13 Reserved.
12
DlvryStat: delivery status. Read only. This bit is set to indicate that the interrupt has not yet been
accepted by the core.
11
Reserved.
10:8 MsgType: message type. Write only. Read always returns 0h. See 2.13.1.10 [Generalized Local Vector Table] for supported message types.
7:0
Vector. Read-write. This field contains the vector that is sent for this interrupt source.
APIC380 Timer Initial Count Register
Reset: 0000 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:0 Count. Read-write. This field contains the value copied into the current count register when the timer
is loaded or reloaded.
APIC390 Timer Current Count Register
Reset: 0000 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:0 Count. Read only. This field contains the current value of the counter.
APIC3E0 Timer Divide Configuration Register
Reset: 0000 0000h. The Div bits are encoded as follows:
Div[3] Div[1:0]
Resulting Timer Divide
0
00b
2
0
01b
4
0
10b
8
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Div[3] Div[1:0]
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Resulting Timer Divide
0
11b
16
1
00b
32
1
01b
64
1
10b
128
1
11b
1
Bits
Description
31:4 Reserved.
3
Div[3]. Read-write.
2
Reserved.
1:0
Div[1:0]. Read-write.
APIC400 Extended APIC Feature Register
Bits
Description
31:24 Reserved.
23:16 ExtLvtCount: extended local vector table count. Read-only, 04h. This specifies the number of
extended LVT registers in the local APIC. These registers are [The Extended Interrupt [3:0] Local
Vector Table Registers] APIC[530:500].
15:3 Reserved.
2
ExtApicIdCap: extended APIC ID capable. Read-only, 1. Indicates that the processor is capable of
supporting an 8-bit APIC ID, controlled by APIC410[ExtApicIdEn].
1
SeioCap: specific end of interrupt capable. Read-only, 1. This bit indicates that the [The Specific
End Of Interrupt Register] APIC420 is present.
0
IerCap: interrupt enable register capable. Read-only, 1. This bit indicates that the [The Interrupt
Enable Registers] APIC[4F0:480] are present. See 2.13.1.5 [Interrupt Masking].
APIC410 Extended APIC Control Register
Reset: 0000 0000h.
Bits
Description
31:3 Reserved.
2
ExtApicIdEn: extended APIC ID enable. Read-write. 1=Enable 8-bit APIC ID; APIC20[ApicId]
supports an 8-bit value; an interrupt broadcast in physical destination mode requires that the IntDest[7:0]=1111_1111 (instead of xxxx_1111); a match in physical destination mode occurs when (IntDest[7:0] == ApicId[7:0]) instead of (IntDest[3:0] == ApicId[3:0]). Extended APIC ID can also be
enabled by writing F0x68[ApicExtId] and F0x68[ApicExtBrdCst]. If ExtApicIdEn=1, F0x68[ApicExtId] and F0x68[ApicExtBrdCst] must also be 1.
1
SeoiEn. Read-write. This bit enables SEOI generation when a write to the specific end of interrupt
register is received.
0
IerEn. Read-write. This bit enables writes to the interrupt enable registers.
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APIC420 Specific End Of Interrupt Register
Reset: 0000 0000h
Bits
Description
31:8 Reserved.
7:0
EoiVec: end of interrupt vector. Read-write. A write to this field causes an end of interrupt cycle to
be performed for the vector specified in this field. The behavior is undefined if no interrupt is pending
for the specified interrupt vector.
APIC[4F0:480] Interrupt Enable Registers
Reset: FFFF FFFFh
Bits
Description
31:0 InterruptEnableBits. Read-write. The interrupt enable bits can be used to enable each of the 256
interrupts. Interrupt enables are mapped as follows:
Register
Interrupt Number
APIC480 31-0
APIC490 63-32
APIC4A0 95-64
APIC4B0 127-96
APIC4C0 159-128
APIC4D0 191-160
APIC4E0 223-192
APIC4F0 255-224
APIC[530:500] Extended Interrupt [3:0] Local Vector Table Registers
Reset: 0001 0000h. These registers provide additional local vector table entries for selected internal interrupt
sources, including those found in: F3x1[78, 70, 68, 60] and F3xB0.
Bits
Description
31:17 Reserved.
16
Mask. Read-write. 1=This LVT entry does not generate interrupts.
15:13 Reserved.
12
DlvryStat: delivery status. Read-only. 1=The interrupt has not yet been accepted by the CPU.
11
Reserved.
10:8 MsgType: message type. Read-write. Specifies the interrupt type generated by this LVT entry. See
2.13.1.10 [Generalized Local Vector Table] for supported message types.
7:0
3.9
Vector. Read-write. This field contains the vector generated by this LVT entry.
CPUID Instruction Registers
Processor feature capabilities and configuration information are provided through the CPUID instruction. Different information is accessed by (1) setting EAX as an index to the registers to be read, (2) executing the
CPUID instruction, and (3) reading the results in EAX, EBX, ECX, and EDX. The phrase CPUID function X
or CPUID FnX refers to the CPUID instruction when EAX is preloaded with X. Undefined function numbers
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
return 0’s in all 4 registers. See 2.15 [CPUID Instruction] also.
The following provides AMD family 10h processor specific details about CPUID. See the CPUID Specification for further information. Unless otherwise specified, single-bit feature fields are encoded as 1=Feature is
supported by the processor; 0=Feature is not supported by the processor.
CPUID Fn[8000_0000, 0000_0000] AMD Authentic Identifier
Register
EAX
EBX,
ECX,
EDX
Bits Description
31:0 LFuncStd: largest standard function. Function 0000_0000h returns the largest CPUID
standard-function input value supported by the processor implementation: Revision D and
earlier: 0000_0005h. Revision E: 0000_0006h.
LFuncExt: largest extended function. Function 8000_0000h returns the largest CPUID
extended-function input value supported by the processor implementation: Revision B:
8000_001Ah. Revision C: 8000_001Bh.
31:0 Vendor: vendor. The 12 8-bit ASCII character codes to create the string “AuthenticAMD”.
EBX=6874_7541h “h t u A”, ECX=444D_4163h “D M A c”, EDX=6974_6E65h “i t n e”.
CPUID Fn[8000_0001, 0000_0001]_EAX Family, Model, Stepping Identifiers
This register provides identical information to F3xFC.
Family is an 8-bit value and is defined as: Family[7:0] = ({0000b,BaseFamily[3:0]} + ExtendedFamily[7:0]).
E.g. If BaseFamily[3:0]=Fh and ExtendedFamily[7:0]=01h, then Family[7:0]=10h. This document applies
only to family 10h processors.
Model is an 8-bit value and is defined as: Model[7:0] = {ExtendedModel[3:0], BaseModel[3:0]}. E.g. If
ExtendedModel[3:0]=Eh and BaseModel[3:0]=8h, then Model[7:0] = E8h. Model numbers vary with product.
Bits
Description
31:28
Reserved.
27:20
ExtendedFamily: 01h.
19:16
ExtendedModel.
15:12
Reserved.
11:8
BaseFamily: Fh.
7:4
BaseModel.
3:0
Stepping: processor stepping (revision) for a specific model.
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CPUID Fn0000_0001_EBX LocalApicId, LogicalProcessorCount, CLFlush, 8BitBrandId
Bits
Description
31:24 LocalApicId: initial local APIC physical ID. Provides the initial APIC20[ApicId] value. After
F0x60[NodeId] as been initialized, changes to APIC20[ApicId] do not affect the value of this
CPUID register. See 2.9.2 [CPU Cores and Downcoring].
23:16 LogicalProcessorCount: If CPUID Fn[8000_0001, 0000_0001]_EDX[HTT] = 1, then this field
indicates the number of cores in the processor as CPUID Fn8000_0008[NC] + 1. Otherwise, this
field is reserved.
15:8
CLFlush: CLFLUSH size in quadwords = 08h.
7:0
8BitBrandId: 8 bit brand ID = 00h. Indicates that the brand ID is in CPUID Fn8000_0001_EBX.
CPUID Fn8000_0001_EBX BrandId Identifier
Bits
Description
31:28 PkgType: package type. Specifies the processor package type. This field is encoded as follows:
0000b: Fr2(1207), Fr5(1207), or Fr6(1207). 0001b: AM2r2 or AM3.
0010b: S1g3 or S1g4.
0011b: G34.
0100b: ASB2.
0101b: C32.
All other encodings are reserved.
27:16 Reserved.
15:0
BrandId: brand ID. This is identical to F3x1F0[BrandId].
CPUID Fn0000_0001_ECX Feature Identifiers
Bits
31
Description
RAZ. Reserved for use by hypervisor to indicate guest status.
30:24 Reserved.
23
POPCNT: POPCNT instruction = 1.
22:14 Reserved.
13
12:4
3
2:1
0
CMPXCHG16B: CMPXCHG16B instruction = 1.
Reserved.
Monitor: Monitor/Mwait instructions = 1. This can be disabled through [The Hardware Configuration Register (HWCR)] MSRC001_0015[MonMwaitDis].
Reserved.
SSE3: SSE3 extensions = 1; may be overridden by MSRC001_0015[SseDis].
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
CPUID Fn8000_0001_ECX Feature Identifiers
Bits
Description
31:20 Reserved
19
NodeId: Indicates support for MSRC001_100C[NodeId, NodesPerProcessor].
18:14 Reserved.
13
WDT: watchdog timer support. Revision B = 0. Revision C = 1.
12
SKINIT: SKINIT and STGI support. Revision B = 0. Revision C = 1.
11
Reserved.
10
IBS: Instruction Based Sampling = 1.
9
OSVW: OS Visible Work-around support = 1.
8
3DNowPrefetch: Prefetch and PrefetchW instructions = 1.
7
MisAlignSse: Misaligned SSE Mode = (setting varies by product); may be overridden by
MSRC001_0015[MisAlignSseDis].
6
SSE4A: EXTRQ, INSERTQ, MOVNTSS, and MOVNTSD instruction support = 1; may be overridden by MSRC001_0015[SseDis].
5
ABM: advanced bit manipulation. LZCNT instruction support (setting varies by product).
4
AltMovCr8: LOCK MOV CR0 means MOV CR8 = 1.
3
ExtApicSpace: extended APIC register space = 1.
2
SVM: Secure Virtual Mode feature (setting varies by product).
1
CmpLegacy: core multi-processing legacy mode (setting varies by product). 1=Multi core product
(CPUID Fn8000_0008[NC] != 0). 0=Single core product (CPUID Fn8000_0008[NC] = 0).
0
LahfSahf: LAHF/SAHF instructions =1.
CPUID Fn[8000_0001, 0000_0001]_EDX Feature Identifiers
The value returned in EDX may be identical or different for Fn0000_0001 and Fn8000_0001, as indicated.
Bits
31
30
29
28
Function
Description
0000_0001h Reserved.
8000_0001h 3DNow: 3DNow!™ instructions = 1.
0000_0001h Reserved.
8000_0001h 3DNowExt: AMD extensions to 3DNow!™ instructions = 1.
0000_0001h Reserved.
8000_0001h LM: long mode (may vary by product).
0000_0001h HTT: hyper-threading technology (setting varies by product). This bit qualifies the
meaning of CPUID Fn0000_0001_EBX[LogicalProcessorCount]. 1=Multi core product (CPUID Fn8000_0008[NC] != 0). 0=Single core product (CPUID
Fn8000_0008[NC] = 0).
8000_0001h Reserved.
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Bits
27
26
25
Function
Description
0000_0001h Reserved.
8000_0001h RDTSCP: RDTSCP instruction = 1.
0000_0001h SSE2: SSE2 extensions = 1; may be overridden by MSRC001_0015[SseDis].
8000_0001h Page1GB: 1 GB large page support = 1.
0000_0001h SSE: SSE extensions = 1; may be overridden by MSRC001_0015[SseDis].
8000_0001h FFXSR: FXSAVE and FXRSTOR instruction optimizations = 1.
24
both
FXSR: FXSAVE and FXRSTOR instructions = 1.
23
both
MMX: MMX™ instructions = 1.
22
21
20
19
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
0000_0001h Reserved.
8000_0001h MmxExt: AMD extensions to MMX™ instructions = 1.
Both
Reserved.
0000_0001h Reserved.
8000_0001h NX: no-execute page protection = 1.
0000_0001h CLFSH: CLFLUSH instruction = 1.
8000_0001h Reserved.
18
Both
Reserved.
17
both
PSE36: page-size extensions = 1.
16
both
PAT: page attribute table = 1.
15
both
CMOV: conditional move instructions, CMOV, FCOMI, FCMOV = 1.
14
both
MCA: machine check architecture, MCG_CAP = 1.
13
both
PGE: page global extension, CR4.PGE = 1.
12
both
MTRR: memory-type range registers = 1.
11
10
0000_0001h SysEnterSysExit: SYSENTER and SYSEXIT instructions = 1.
8000_0001h SysCallSysRet: SYSCALL and SYSRET instructions = 1.
both
Reserved.
both
APIC: advanced programmable interrupt controller (APIC) exists and is enabled.
This bit reflects the state of [The APIC Base Address Register (APIC_BAR)]
MSR0000_001B[ApicEn].
8
both
CMPXCHG8B: CMPXCHG8B instruction = 1.
7
both
MCE: machine check exception, CR4.MCE = 1.
6
both
PAE: physical-address extensions (PAE) = 1.
both
MSR: AMD model-specific registers (MSRs), with RDMSR and WRMSR instructions = 1.
4
both
TSC: time stamp counter, RDTSC/RDTSCP instructions, CR4.TSD = 1.
3
both
PSE: page-size extensions (4 MB pages) = 1.
2
both
DE: debugging extensions, IO breakpoints, CR4.DE = 1.
1
both
VME: virtual-mode enhancements = 1.
0
both
FPU: x87 floating point unit on-chip = 1.
9
5
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
CPUID Fn0000_000[4, 3, 2] Reserved
CPUID Fn8000_000[4, 3, 2] Processor Name String Identifier
These return the ASCII string corresponding to the processor name, stored in [The Processor Name String Registers] MSRC001_00[35:30]. The MSRs are mapped to these registers as follows:
Function 8000_0002: {EDX, ECX, EBX, EAX} == {MSRC001_0031, MSRC001_0030};
Function 8000_0003: {EDX, ECX, EBX, EAX} == {MSRC001_0033, MSRC001_0032};
Function 8000_0004: {EDX, ECX, EBX, EAX} == {MSRC001_0035, MSRC001_0034};
CPUID Fn0000_0005 Monitor/MWait
Register
Bits
Description
EAX
31:16 Reserved.
EAX
15:0
EBX
31:16 Reserved.
EBX
15:0
Largest monitor-line size in bytes = 40h.
ECX
31:2
Reserved.
ECX
1
IBE: Interrupt break-event = 1.
ECX
0
EMX: Enumerate MONITOR/MWAIT extensions = 1.
EDX
31:0
Smallest monitor-line size in bytes = 40h.
Reserved.
CPUID Fn8000_0005 TLB and L1 Cache Identifiers
This provides the processor’s first level cache and TLB characteristics for each core. The associativity fields
returned are encoded as follows:
00h Reserved.
01h Direct mapped.
02h - FEh Specifies the associativity; e.g., 04h would indicate a 4-way associativity.
FFh Fully associative
Register
Bits
Description
EAX
31:24 Data TLB associativity for 2 MB and 4 MB pages = FFh.
EAX
23:16 Data TLB number of entries for 2 MB and 4 MB pages = 48. The value returned is for the
number of entries available for the 2 MB page size; 4 MB pages require two 2 MB entries,
so the number of entries available for the 4 MB page size is one-half the returned value.
EAX
15:8
Instruction TLB associativity for 2 MB and 4 MB pages = FFh.
EAX
7:0
Instruction TLB number of entries for 2 MB and 4 MB pages = 16. The value returned is
for the number of entries available for the 2 MB page size; 4 MB pages require two 2 MB
entries, so the number of entries available for the 4 MB page size is one-half the returned
value.
EBX
31:24 Data TLB associativity for 4 KB pages = FFh.
EBX
23:16 Data TLB number of entries for 4 KB pages = 48.
EBX
15:8
Instruction TLB associativity for 4 KB pages = FFh.
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Register
Bits
Description
EBX
7:0
Instruction TLB number of entries for 4 KB pages = 32.
ECX
31:24 L1 data cache size in KB = 64.
ECX
23:16 L1 data cache associativity = 2.
ECX
15:8
L1 data cache lines per tag = 1.
ECX
7:0
L1 data cache line size in bytes = 64.
EDX
31:24 L1 instruction cache size KB = 64.
EDX
23:16 L1 instruction cache associativity = 2.
EDX
15:8
L1 instruction cache lines per tag = 1.
EDX
7:0
L1 instruction cache line size in bytes = 64.
CPUID Fn0000_0006 Power Management
Register
Bits
Description
EAX
31:0
Reserved.
EBX
31:0
Reserved.
ECX
31:1
Reserved.
ECX
0
EDX
31:0
EffFreq: effective frequency interface. Revision D and earlier: 0. Revision E: 1. 1=Indicates presence of [The Max Performance Frequency Clock Count (MPERF)]
MSR0000_00E7 and [The Actual Performance Frequency Clock Count (APERF)]
MSR0000_00E8.
Reserved.
CPUID Fn8000_0006 L2/L3 Cache and L2 TLB Identifiers
This provides the processor’s second level cache and TLB characteristics for each core and the processor’s
third level cache characteristics shared by all cores.
The presence of a unified L2 TLB is indicated by a value of 0000h in the upper 16 bits of the EAX and EBX
registers. The unified L2 TLB information is contained in the lower 16 bits of these registers.
The associativity fields are encoded as follows:
0h: The L2 cache or TLB is disabled.
1h: Direct mapped.
2h: 2-way associative.
4h: 4-way associative.
6h: 8-way associative.
8h: 16-way associative.
All other encodings are reserved.
Ah: 32-way associative.
Bh: 48-way associative.
Ch: 64-way associative.
Dh: 96-way associative.
Eh: 128-way associative.
Fh: Fully associative.
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Register
Bits
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Description
EAX
31:28 L2DTlb2and4MAssoc. L2 data TLB associativity for 2 MB and 4 MB pages = 2.
EAX
27:16 L2DTlb2and4MSize. L2 data TLB number of entries for 2 MB and 4 MB pages = 128.
The value returned is for the number of entries available for the 2 MB page size; 4 MB
pages require two 2 MB entries, so the number of entries available for the 4 MB page size
is one-half the returned value.
EAX
15:12 L2ITlb2and4MAssoc. L2 instruction TLB associativity for 2 MB and 4 MB pages = 0.
EAX
11:0
EBX
31:28 L2DTlb4KAssoc. L2 data TLB associativity for 4 KB pages = 4.
EBX
27:16 L2DTlb4KSize. L2 data TLB number of entries for 4 KB pages = 512.
EBX
15:12 L2ITlb4KAssoc. L2 instruction TLB associativity for 4 KB pages = 4.
EBX
11:0
ECX
31:16 L2Size. L2 cache size in KB (varies with product). May be one of 512 or 1024.
ECX
15:12 L2Assoc. L2 cache associativity = 8.
ECX
11:8
L2LinesPerTag. L2 cache lines per tag = 1. l3*2-rounded(pfsize*2)
ECX
7:0
L2LineSize. L2 cache line size in bytes = 64.
L2ITlb2and4MSize. L2 instruction TLB number of entries for 2 MB and 4 MB pages =
0.
L2ITlb4KSize. L2 instruction TLB number of entries for 4 KB pages = 512.
EDX
31:18 L3Size. L3 cache size (varies with product). L3 cache size for the processor is at least
(L3Size[31:18] * 512KB) and less than ((L3Size[31:18] +1) * 512KB). This does not
include any amount consumed by the probe filter. See 2.6.5.1 [Probe Filter].
EDX
17:16 Reserved.
EDX
15:12 L3Assoc. L3 cache associativity = (varies with product); supported values are 16, 32, 48,
64, 96, and 128. When probe filter is enabled, the associativity available for L3 cache data
is smaller than the value reported. See 2.6.5.1 [Probe Filter].
EDX
11:8
L3LinesPerTag. L3 cache lines per tag = 1.
EDX
7:0
L3LineSize. L3 cache line size in bytes = 64.
CPUID Fn8000_0007 Advanced Power Management Information
This function provides advanced power management feature identifiers.
Register
Bits
Description
EAX, EBX,
ECX
31:0
Reserved.
EDX
31:10 Reserved.
EDX
9
CPB. Core performance boost. Revision D and earlier = 0. Revision E: Support varies
by product.
EDX
8
TscInvariant: TSC rate is invariant = 1.
EDX
7
HwPstate: hardware P-state control is supported = 1. [The P-State Current Limit Register] MSRC001_0061, [The P-State Control Register] MSRC001_0062 and [The PState Status Register] MSRC001_0063 exist.
EDX
6
100MHzSteps: 100 MHz multiplier Control = 1.
EDX
5
STC: software thermal control (STC) is supported (support may vary by product).
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Register
Bits
Description
EDX
4
TM: hardware thermal control (HTC) is supported (support may vary by product).
EDX
3
TTP: THERMTRIP is supported = 1.
EDX
2
VID: Voltage ID control is supported = 0 (function replaced by HwPstate).
EDX
1
FID: Frequency ID control is supported = 0 (function replaced by HwPstate).
EDX
0
TS: Temperature sensor = 1.
CPUID Fn8000_0008 Address Size And Physical Core Count Information
This provides information about the number of physical cores and the maximum physical and linear address
width supported by the processor.
Register
Bits
Description
EAX
31:16 Reserved.
EAX
15:8
Maximum linear byte address size in bits. If the processor supports long mode (see
CPUID Fn[8000_0001, 0000_0001]_EDX[LM]) then this is 30h; else this is 20h.
EAX
7:0
Maximum physical byte address size in bits = 30h.
EBX
31:0
Reserved.
ECX
31:16 Reserved.
ECX
15:12 ApicIdCoreIdSize[3:0]. The number of bits in the initial APIC20[ApicId] value that
indicate core ID within a processor = 2h, 3h, or 4h.
ECX
11:8
Reserved.
ECX
7:0
NC: number of cores - 1. The number of cores in the processor is NC+1 (e.g., if NC=0,
then there is one core). This value is affected by F3x190[DisCore]. See 2.9.2 [CPU Cores
and Downcoring].
EDX
31:0
Reserved.
CPUID Fn8000_0009 Reserved
CPUID Fn8000_000A SVM Revision and Feature Identification
This provides SVM revision and feature information. If CPUID Fn8000_0001_ECX[SVM]=0 then CPUID
Fn8000_000A is reserved.
Register
Bits
Description
EAX
31:8
Reserved.
EAX
7:0
SvmRev: SVM revision = 01h.
EBX
31:0
NASID: number of address space identifiers (ASID) = 40h.
ECX
31:0
Reserved.
EDX
31:11 Reserved.
EDX
10
PauseFilter: Pause intercept filter. Revision C and earlier = 0. Revision D and later = 1.
EDX
9:4
Reserved.
EDX
3
NRIPS: NRIP Save. Revision B = 0. Revision C = 1.
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Register
Bits
EDX
2
SVML: SVM lock = 1.
EDX
1
LbrVirt: LBR virtualization = 1.
EDX
0
NP: Nested Paging = 1.
AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Description
CPUID Fn8000_00[18:0B] Reserved
CPUID Fn8000_0019 TLB 1GB Page Identifiers
This provides 1 GB paging information. The associativity fields are defined by CPUID Fn8000_0006.
Register
Bits
Description
EAX
31:28 L1 data TLB associativity for 1 GB pages = Fh.
EAX
27:16 L1 data TLB number of entries for 1 GB pages = 48.
EAX
15:12 L1 instruction TLB associativity for 1 GB pages = 0.
EAX
11:0
EBX
31:28 L2 data TLB associativity for 1 GB pages. Revision B = 0. Revision C = 6.
EBX
27:16 L2 data TLB number of entries for 1 GB pages. Revision B = 0. Revision C = 16.
EBX
15:12 L2 instruction TLB associativity for 1 GB pages = 0.
EBX
11:0
L2 instruction TLB number of entries for 1 GB pages = 0.
ECX
31:0
Reserved.
EDX
31:0
Reserved.
L1 instruction TLB number of entries for 1 GB pages = 0.
CPUID Fn8000_001A Performance Optimization Identifiers
This function returns performance related information.
Register
Bits
Description
EAX
31:2
Reserved.
EAX
1
MOVU.
EAX
0
FP128.
EBX
31:0
Reserved.
ECX
31:0
Reserved.
EDX
31:0
Reserved.
CPUID Fn8000_001B Instruction Based Sampling Identifiers
This function returns IBS feature information.
Register
Bits
Description
EAX
31:6
Reserved.
EAX
5
BrnTrgt. branch target address reporting supported = 0.
EAX
4
OpCnt. op counting mode supported. Revision B = 0. Revision C = 1.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Register
Bits
Description
EAX
3
RdWrOpCnt. read write of op counter supported. Revision B = 0. Revision C = 1.
EAX
2
OpSam. IBS execution sampling supported. Revision B = 0. Revision C = 1.
EAX
1
FetchSam. IBS fetch sampling supported. Revision B = 0. Revision C = 1.
EAX
0
IBSFFV. IBS feature flags valid. Revision B = 0. Revision C = 1.
EBX
31:0
Reserved.
ECX
31:0
Reserved.
EDX
31:0
Reserved.
3.10 MSRs - MSR0000_xxxx
See 3.1 [Register Descriptions and Mnemonics] for a description of the register naming convention. MSRs are
accessed through x86 WRMSR and RDMSR instructions.
MSR0000_0000 Load-Store MCA Address Register
This is an alias of MSR0000_040E.
MSR0000_0001 Load-Store MCA Status Register
This is an alias of MSR0000_040D.
MSR0000_0010 Time Stamp Counter Register (TSC)
Reset: 0000 0000 0000 0000h.
Bits Description
63:0 TSC: time stamp counter. Read-write. After reset, this register increments by one for each clock
cycle. The TSC counts at the same rate in all P-states, all C states, S0, or S1. See MSRC001_0015[TscFreqSel].
MSR0000_001B APIC Base Address Register (APIC_BAR)
Reset: 0000 0000 FEE0 0?00h; bits[11:9] reset to 000b; see below for bit[8].
Bits Description
63:48 MBZ.
47:12 ApicBar: APIC base address register. Read-write. Specifies the base address for the APICXX register set. See 3.8 [APIC Registers] for details about this register set.
11
ApicEn: APIC enable. Read-write. 1=Local APIC enabled; the APICXX register set is accessible; all
interrupt types are accepted. 0=Local APIC disabled; the APICXX register set is not accessible; only
non-vectored interrupts are supported including NMI, SMI, INIT and ExtINT; local-vector-table interrupts can still occur if the LVTs have been previously programmed.
10:9 MBZ.
8
7:0
BSC: boot strap core. Read-write. Reset: x. 1=The core is the boot core of the BSP. 0=The core is not
the boot core of the BSP.
MBZ.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
MSR0000_002A Cluster ID Register (EBL_CR_POWERON)
Reset: 0000 0000 0000 0000h. Attempted writes to this register result in general protection faults with error
code 0.
Bits Description
63:18 Reserved.
17:16 ClusterID. Read-only. This is normally 00b; the value does not affect hardware.
15:0 Reserved.
MSR0000_00E7 Max Performance Frequency Clock Count (MPERF)
Revision D and earlier: Reserved. Revision E: Reset: 0000_0000_0000_0000h.
Bits
Description
63:0 MPERF: maximum core clocks counter. Read-write. Incremented by hardware at the P0 frequency
while the core is in the C0 state. In combination with MSR0000_00E8, this is used to determine the
effective frequency of the core. This field uses software P-state numbering. See MSRC001_0015[EffFreqCntMwait], 2.4.5 [Effective Frequency], and 2.4.2.1.2.1 [Software P-state Numbering].
MSR0000_00E8 Actual Performance Frequency Clock Count (APERF)
Revision D and earlier: Reserved. Revision E: Reset: 0000_0000_0000_0000h.
Bits
Description
63:0 APERF: actual core clocks counter. Read-write. This register increments in proportion to the actual
number of core clock cycles while the core is in the C0 state. See MSR0000_00E7.
MSR0000_00FE MTRR Capabilities Register (MTRRcap)
Reset: 0000 0000 0000 0508h.
Bits Description
63:11 Reserved.
10
MtrrCapWc: write-combining memory type. Read-only. 1=The write combining memory type is
supported.
9
Reserved.
8
MtrrCapFix: fixed range register. Read-only. 1=Fixed MTRRs are supported.
7:0
MtrrCapVCnt: variable range registers count. Read-only. Specifies the number of variable MTRRs
supported.
MSR0000_0174 SYSENTER CS Register (SYSENTER_CS)
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
Reset: 0000 0000 0000 0000h.
Bits Description
63:32 RAZ.
31:16 Reserved.
15:0 SYSENTER_CS: SYSENTER target CS. Read-write. Holds the called procedure code segment.
MSR0000_0175 SYSENTER ESP Register (SYSENTER_ESP)
Reset: 0000 0000 0000 0000h.
Bits Description
63:32 Reserved.
31:0 SYSENTER_ESP: SYSENTER target SP. Read-write. Holds the called procedure stack pointer.
MSR0000_0176 SYSENTER EIP Register (SYSENTER_EIP)
Reset: 0000 0000 0000 0000h.
Bits Description
63:32 Reserved.
31:0 SYSENTER_EIP: SYSENTER target IP. Read-write. Holds the called procedure instruction
pointer.
MSR0000_0179 Global Machine Check Capabilities Register (MCG_CAP)
Reset: 0000 0000 0000 0106h.
Bits Description
63:9 Reserved
8
7:0
MCG_CTL_P: MCG_CTL register present. Read-only. 1=The machine check control registers
(MCi_CTL; see 2.12.1 [Machine Check Architecture]) are present.
Count. Read-only. Indicates the number of error-reporting banks visible to each core.
MSR0000_017A Global Machine Check Status Register (MCG_STAT)
Reset: 0000 0000 0000 0000h. See 2.12.1 [Machine Check Architecture].
Bits Description
63:3 Reserved.
2
MCIP: machine check in progress. Read-write; set-by-hardware. 1=A machine check is in progress.
1
EIPV: error instruction pointer valid. Read-write; updated-by-hardware. 1=The instruction pointer
that was pushed onto the stack by the machine check mechanism references the instruction that caused
the machine check error.
0
RIPV: restart instruction pointer valid. Read-write; updated-by-hardware. 1=Program execution
can be reliably restarted at the EIP address on the stack.
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MSR0000_017B Global Machine Check Exception Reporting Control Register (MCG_CTL)
Reset: 0000 0000 0000 0000h. This register enables the various machine check register banks. See 2.12.1
[Machine Check Architecture]. When a machine check register bank is disabled, errors for that bank are not
logged and actions controlled through the MCA are not taken. It is expected that this register is programmed to
the same value in all nodes.
Bits Description
63:6 UnusedMcgCtl. Read-only.
5
FRE: fixed issue reorder buffer register bank enable. Read-write. 1=The fixed-issue reorder buffer
machine check register bank is enabled.
4
NBE: Northbridge register bank enable. Read-write. 1=The Northbridge machine check register
bank is enabled.
3
LSE: load-store register bank enable. Read-write. 1=The load/store machine check register bank is
enabled.
2
BUE: bus unit register bank enable. Read-write. 1=The bus unit machine check register bank is
enabled.
1
ICE: instruction cache register bank enable. Read-write. 1=The instruction cache machine check
register bank is enabled.
0
DCE: data cache register bank enable. Read-write. 1=The data cache machine check register bank is
enabled.
MSR0000_01D9 Debug Control Register (DBG_CTL_MSR)
Reset: 0000 0000 0000 0000h.
Bits Description
63:7 Reserved.
6
5:2
MBZ.
PB: performance monitor pin control. Read-write. This field does not control any hardware.
1
BTF. Read-write. 1=Enable branch single step.
0
LBR. Read-write. 1=Enable last branch record.
MSR0000_01DB Last Branch From IP Register (BR_FROM)
Bits Description
63:0 LastBranchFromIP. Read-only. Loaded with the segment offset of the branch instruction.
MSR0000_01DC Last Branch To IP Register (BR_TO)
Bits Description
63:0 LastBranchToIP. Read-only. Holds the target RIP of the last branch that occurred before an exception
or interrupt.
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MSR0000_01DD Last Exception From IP Register
Bits Description
63:0 LastIntFromIP. Read-only. Holds the source RIP of the last branch that occurred before the exception
or interrupt.
MSR0000_01DE Last Exception To IP Register
Bits Description
63:0 LastIntToIP. Read-only. Holds the target RIP of the last branch that occurred before the exception or
interrupt.
MSR0000_02[0F:00] Variable-Size MTRRs (MTRRphysBasen and MTRRphysMaskn)
Reset: xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxxh. Each MTRR ([The Variable-Size MTRRs (MTRRphysBasen and MTRRphysMaskn)] MSR0000_02[0F:00], [The Fixed-Size MTRRs (MTRRfixn)] MSR0000_02[6F:68, 59, 58, 50], or
[The MTRR Default Memory Type Register (MTRRdefType)] MSR0000_02FF) specifies a physical address
range and a corresponding memory type (MemType) associated with that range. Each 8-bit MemType field
may include the following sub-fields:
• Bits[7:5]: reserved.
• Bit[4]: RdDram. 0=Read accesses to the range are marked as MMIO. 1=Read accesses to the range are
marked as destined for DRAM. See 2.9.3 [Access Type Determination]. This bit can be enabled for fixed
MTRR ranges only (see MSRC001_0010[MtrrFixDramEn, MtrrFixDramModEn]); not variable-size
MTRRs.
• Bit[3]: WrDram. 0=Write accesses to the range are marked as MMIO. 1=Write accesses to the range are
marked as destined for DRAM. See 2.9.3 [Access Type Determination]. This bit can be enabled for fixed
MTRR ranges only (see [The System Configuration Register (SYS_CFG)] MSRC001_0010); not variablesize MTRRs.
• Bits[2:0]: Memory type. The encodings for these are:
0h = UC or uncacheable.
5h = WP or write protect.
1h = WC or write combining.
6h = WB or write back.
4h = WT or write through.
All other values are reserved.
Setting MemType to an unsupported value results in a #GP(0).
The variable-size MTRRs come in pairs of base and mask registers (MSR0000_0200 and MSR0000_0201 are
the first pair, etc.). Variables MTRRs are enabled through [The MTRR Default Memory Type Register
(MTRRdefType)] MSR0000_02FF[MtrrDefTypeEn]. A CPU access--with address CPUAddr--is determined
to be within the address range of a variable-size MTRR if the following equation is true:
CPUAddr[47:12] & PhyMask[47:12] == PhyBase[47:12] & PhyMask[47:12].
For example, if the variable MTRR spans 256K bytes and starts at the 1M byte address. The PhyBase would be
set to 00_0010_0000h and the PhyMask to FF_FFFC_0000h (with zeros filling in for bits[11:0]). This results
in a range from 00_0010_0000h to 00_0013_FFFFh.
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MSR0000_020[E, C, A, 8, 6, 4, 2, 0] (MTRRphysBasen)
Bits Description
63:48 MBZ.
47:12 PhyBase: base address. Read-write.
11:8 MBZ.
7:0
MemType: memory type. Read-write.
MSR0000_020[F, D, B, 9, 7, 5, 3, 1] (MTRRphysMaskn)
Bits Description
63:48 MBZ.
47:12 PhyMask: address mask. Read-write.
11
Valid. Read-write. 1=The variable-size MTRR pair is enabled.
10:0 MBZ.
MSR0000_02[6F:68, 59, 58, 50] Fixed-Size MTRRs (MTRRfixn)
Reset: xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxxh. See MSR0000_02[0F:00] for general MTRR information. Fixed MTRRs are
enabled through MSR0000_02FF[MtrrDefTypeFixEn and MtrrDefTypeEn].
MSR0000_0250 (MTRRfix64K_00000)
Bits Description
63:56 MemType: memory type. Read-write. Address range from 7_0000 to 7_FFFF.
55:48 MemType: memory type. Read-write. Address range from 6_0000 to 6_FFFF.
47:40 MemType: memory type. Read-write. Address range from 5_0000 to 5_FFFF.
39:32 MemType: memory type. Read-write. Address range from 4_0000 to 4_FFFF.
31:24 MemType: memory type. Read-write. Address range from 3_0000 to 3_FFFF.
23:16 MemType: memory type. Read-write. Address range from 2_0000 to 2_FFFF.
15:8 MemType: memory type. Read-write. Address range from 1_0000 to 1_FFFF.
7:0
MemType: memory type. Read-write. Address range from 0_0000 to 0_FFFF.
MSR0000_0258 (MTRRfix16K_80000) and MSR0000_0259 (MTRRfix16K_A0000)
The ranges specified below are described as offsets from the base address.
• The base address for MSR0000_0258 = 8_0000h.
• The base address for MSR0000_0259 = A_0000h.
Bits Description
63:56 MemType: memory type. Read-write. Address range from 1_C000 to 1_FFFF (plus the base).
55:48 MemType: memory type. Read-write. Address range from 1_8000 to 1_BFFF (plus the base).
47:40 MemType: memory type. Read-write. Address range from 1_4000 to 1_7FFF (plus the base).
39:32 MemType: memory type. Read-write. Address range from 1_0000 to 1_3FFF (plus the base).
31:24 MemType: memory type. Read-write. Address range from 0_C000 to 0_FFFF (plus the base).
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23:16 MemType: memory type. Read-write. Address range from 0_8000 to 0_BFFF (plus the base).
15:8 MemType: memory type. Read-write. Address range from 0_4000 to 0_7FFF (plus the base).
7:0
MemType: memory type. Read-write. Address range from 0_0000 to 0_3FFF (plus the base).
MSR0000_02[6F:68] (MTRRfix4K_xxxxx)
The ranges specified below are described as offsets from the base address.
• The base address for MSR0000_0268 = C_0000h.
• The base address for MSR0000_0269 = C_8000h.
• The base address for MSR0000_026A = D_0000h.
• The base address for MSR0000_026B = D_8000h.
• The base address for MSR0000_026C = E_0000h.
• The base address for MSR0000_026D = E_8000h.
• The base address for MSR0000_026E = F_0000h.
• The base address for MSR0000_026F = F_8000h.
Bits Description
63:56 MemType: memory type. Read-write. Address range from 0_7000 to 0_7FFF (plus the base).
55:48 MemType: memory type. Read-write. Address range from 0_6000 to 0_6FFF (plus the base).
47:40 MemType: memory type. Read-write. Address range from 0_5000 to 0_5FFF (plus the base).
39:32 MemType: memory type. Read-write. Address range from 0_4000 to 0_4FFF (plus the base).
31:24 MemType: memory type. Read-write. Address range from 0_3000 to 0_3FFF (plus the base).
23:16 MemType: memory type. Read-write. Address range from 0_2000 to 0_2FFF (plus the base).
15:8 MemType: memory type. Read-write. Address range from 0_1000 to 0_1FFF (plus the base).
7:0
MemType: memory type. Read-write. Address range from 0_0000 to 0_0FFF (plus the base).
MSR0000_0277 Page Attribute Table Register (PAT)
Reset: 0007 0406 0007 0406h. This register specifies the memory type based on the PAT, PCD, and PWT bits
in the virtual address page tables. The encodings for PA[7:0] is:
0h = UC or uncacheable.
5h = WP or write protect.
1h = WC or write combining.
6h = WB or write back.
4h = WT or write through.
7h = UC- or uncacheable (overridden by MTRR
All other values result in a #GP(0).
WC state)
Bits Description
63:59 MBZ.
58:56 PA7 MemType. Read-write. Default UC. MemType for {PAT, PCD, PWT} = 7h.
55:51 MBZ.
50:48 PA6 MemType. Read-write. Default UC-. MemType for {PAT, PCD, PWT} = 6h.
47:43 MBZ.
42:40 PA5 MemType. Read-write. Default WT. MemType for {PAT, PCD, PWT} = 5h.
39:35 MBZ.
34:32 PA4 MemType. Read-write. Default WB. MemType for {PAT, PCD, PWT} = 4h.
31:27 MBZ.
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26:24 PA3 MemType. Read-write. Default UC. MemType for {PAT, PCD, PWT} = 3h.
23:19 MBZ.
18:16 PA2 MemType. Read-write. Default UC-. MemType for {PAT, PCD, PWT} = 2h.
15:11 MBZ.
10:8 PA1 MemType. Read-write. Default WT. MemType for {PAT, PCD, PWT} = 1h.
7:3
MBZ.
2:0
PA0 MemType. Read-write. Default WB. MemType for {PAT, PCD, PWT} = 0h.
MSR0000_02FF MTRR Default Memory Type Register (MTRRdefType)
Reset: 0000 0000 0000 0000h. See MSR0000_02[0F:00] for general MTRR information.
Bits Description
63:12 MBZ.
11
MtrrDefTypeEn: variable and fixed MTRR enable. Read-write. 1=[The Variable-Size MTRRs
(MTRRphysBasen and MTRRphysMaskn)] MSR0000_02[0F:00], and [The Fixed-Size MTRRs
(MTRRfixn)] MSR0000_02[6F:68, 59, 58, 50], are enabled. 0=Fixed and variable MTRRs are not
enabled.
10
MtrrDefTypeFixEn: fixed MTRR enable. Read-write. 1=[The Fixed-Size MTRRs (MTRRfixn)]
MSR0000_02[6F:68, 59, 58, 50] are enabled. This field is ignored (and the fixed MTRRs are not
enabled) if MSR0000_02FF[MtrrDefTypeEn]=0.
9:8
MBZ.
7:0
MemType: memory type. Read-write. Specifies the memory type for space not mapped to enabled
[The Variable-Size MTRRs (MTRRphysBasen and MTRRphysMaskn)] MSR0000_02[0F:00], or
enabled [The Fixed-Size MTRRs (MTRRfixn)] MSR0000_02[6F:68, 59, 58, 50].
MSR0000_0400 DC Machine Check Control Register (MC0_CTL)
Reset: 0000 0000 0000 0000h. All defined bits are read-write. BIOS should write FFFF FFFF FFFF FFFFh to
initialize this register because some legacy operating systems do not initialize MC0_CTL properly.
See 2.12.1 [Machine Check Architecture]. For all bits, 1=Enable the specified reporting mechanism.
Bits Enable
63:8 Unused. Read-only.
7
Unused. Read-write.
6
L2TP: L2 TLB parity errors. Report data cache L2 TLB parity errors.
5
L1TP: L1 TLB parity errors. Report data cache L1 TLB parity errors.
4
DSTP: snoop tag array parity errors. Report data cache snoop tag array parity errors.
3
DMTP: main tag array parity errors. Report data cache main tag array parity errors.
2
DECC: data array ECC errors. Report data cache data array ECC errors. If not set, ECC errors in
the cache are detected and logged, but not reported. If masked (see MSRC001_00[49:44]), ECC errors
in the cache are undetected.
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AMD Family 10h Processor BKDG
1
ECCM: multi-bit ECC data errors. Report multi-bit ECC data errors during data cache line fills
from the internal L2 or the system. If masked (see MSRC001_00[49:44]), multi-bit ECC errors on line
fills may be detected and logged as single-bit errors unless single-bit ECC data errors are also masked
(ECCI). If masking all line fill data errors is desired, all ECC data error mask bits (ECCI and ECCM)
must be set.
0
ECCI: single-bit ECC data errors. Report single-bit ECC data errors during data cache line fills
from the internal L2 or the system. If masked (see MSRC001_00[49:44]), multi-bit ECC errors on line
fills may also be masked. If masking all line fill data errors is desired, all ECC data error mask bits
(ECCI and ECCM) must be set.
MSR0000_0401 DC Machine Check Status Register (MC0_STATUS)
Cold reset: xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxxh. See 2.12.1 [Machine Check Architecture]. Each of the MCi_STATUS
registers hold information identifying the last error logged in each bank. Software is normally only allowed to
write 0’s to these registers to clear the fields so subsequent errors may be logged. See
MSRC001_0015[McStatusWrEn]. The following field definitions apply to all MCi_STATUS registers, except
as noted.
Bits
Description
63
Val: valid. Read-write; set-by-hardware. 1=A valid error has been detected (whether it is enabled or
not). This bit should be cleared to 0 by software after the register has been read.
62
Over: error overflow. Read-write; set-by-hardware. 1=An error was detected while the valid bit
(Val) of this register was set; at least one error was not logged. The machine check mechanism
handles the contents of MCi_STATUS during overflow as outlined in section 2.12.1.2.2 [Error Overflow].
61
UC: error uncorrected. Read-write; updated-by-hardware. 1=The error was not corrected by
hardware.
60
En: error enable. Read-write; updated-by-hardware. 1=MCA error reporting is enabled for this error
in MCi_CTL.
59
MiscV: miscellaneous error register valid. Read-only. 1=MCi_MISC contains valid information for
this error. This bit is always 0, except in the case of [The NB Machine Check Misc (Thresholding)
Register (MC4_MISC0)] MSR0000_0413 and [The FR Machine Check Miscellaneous Register
(MC5_MISC)] MSR0000_0417.
58
AddrV: error address valid. Read-write; updated-by-hardware. 1=The address saved in
MCi_ADDR is the address where the error occurred.
57
PCC: processor context corrupt. Read-write; updated-by-hardware. 1=The state of the processor
may have been corrupted by the error condition. Restart may not be reliable.
56:55 Reserved.
54:47 Syndrome[7:0]. Read-write.
• MC0_STATUS (DC): The lower eight syndrome bits when an ECC error is detected. See Table 79
for the mappings that show which bit errors result in which syndrome values.
• MC[3:1]_STATUS (LS, BU, IC): Reserved.
46
CECC: correctable ECC error. Read-write; updated-by-hardware. 1=The error was a correctable
ECC error according to the restrictions of the ECC algorithm. MSR0000_0401[UC] indicates whether
the error was actually corrected by the processor.
45
UECC: uncorrectable ECC error. Read-write; updated-by-hardware. 1=The error was an uncorrectable ECC error according to the restrictions of the ECC algorithm.
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44:41 Reserved.
40
Scrub: error detected on a scrub. Read-write; updated-by-hardware.
• MC0_STATUS (DC), MC2_STATUS (BU): 1=The error was detected on a scrub.
• MC1_STATUS (IC), MC3_STATUS (LS), MC5_STATUS (FR): Reserved.
39:32 Reserved.
31:24 Syndrome[15:8]. Read-write.
• MC0_STATUS (DC): The upper eight syndrome bits when an ECC error is detected. See Table 79
for the mappings that show which bit errors result in which syndrome values.
• MC[3:1]_STATUS (LS, BU, IC): Reserved.
23:20 Reserved.
19:16 ErrorCodeExt: extended error code. Read