Datasheet

Transient Voltage Suppression Diodes
Axial Leaded – 400W > P4KE series
P4KE Series
RoHS
Pb e3
Description
Bi-directional
The P4KE Series is designed specifically to protect
sensitive electronic equipment from voltage transients
induced by lightning and other transient voltage events.
Uni-directional
Features
Agency Approvals
AGENCY
AGENCY FILE NUMBER
E230531
Maximum Ratings and Thermal Characteristics
(TA=25OC unless otherwise noted)
Parameter
Symbol
Value
Unit
PPPM
400
W
PD
1.5
W
IFSM
60
A
VF
3.5/5.0
V
TJ , TSTG
-55 to 175
°C
Typical Thermal Resistance Junction
to Lead
RθJL
60
°C/W
Typical Thermal Resistance Junction
to Ambient
RθJA
100
°C/W
Peak Pulse Power Dissipation by
10/1000μs Test Waveform (Fig.2)
(Note 1), (Note 4)
Steady State Power Dissipation on
Infinite Heat Sink at TL=75ºC
Peak Forward Surge Current, 8.3ms
Single Half Sine Wave Unidirectional
Only (Note 2)
Maximum Instantaneous Forward
Voltage at 25A for Unidirectional
Only (Note 3)
Operating Junction and Storage
Temperature Range
• 400W peak pulse
capability at 10/1000μs
waveform, repetition rate
(duty cycles):0.01%
• Glass passivated chip
junction in DO-41 Package
• Fast response time:
typically less than 1.0ps
from 0 Volts to BV min
• Excellent clamping
capability
• Typical failure mode is
short from over-specified
voltage or current
• Whisker test is conducted
based on JEDEC
JESD201A per its table 4a
and 4c
• IEC-61000-4-2 ESD
30kV(Air), 30kV (Contact)
•E
SD protection of data
lines in accordance with
IEC 61000-4-2
•E
FT protection of data
lines in accordance with
IEC 61000-4-4
• Low incremental surge
resistance
• Typical IR less than 1μA
when VBR min>12V
• High temperature
to reflow soldering
guaranteed: 260°C/40sec
/ 0.375”,(9.5mm) lead
length, 5 lbs., (2.3kg)
tension
• VBR @ TJ= [email protected]°C
x (1+αT x (TJ - 25))
(αT:Temperature
Coefficient, typical value
is 0.1%)
• Plastic package is
flammability rated V-0 per
Underwriters Laboratories
• Matte tin lead–free plated
• Halogen free and RoHS
compliant
• Pb-free E3 means 2nd
level interconnect is
Pb-free and the terminal
finish material is tin(Sn)
(IPC/JEDEC J-STD609A.01)
Notes:
1. Non-repetitive current pulse , per Fig. 4 and derated above TJ (initial) =25OC per Fig. 3.
Applications
2. Measured on 8.3ms single half sine wave or equivalent square wave, duty cycle=4 per
minute maximum.
TVS devices are ideal for the protection of I/O interfaces,
VCC bus and other vulnerable circuits used in telecom,
computer, industrial and consumer electronic applications.
3.VF < 3.5V for single die parts and VF< 5.0V for stacked-die parts.
4. The PPPM of stacked-die parts is 600W and please contact littelfuse for the detail
stacked-die parts.
Functional Diagram
Additional Infomarion
Bi-directional
Cathode
Datasheet
Anode
Uni-directional
© 2015 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 11/20/15
Resources
Samples
Transient Voltage Suppression Diodes
Axial Leaded – 400W > P4KE series
Electrical Characteristics (T =25°C unless otherwise noted)
A
Part
Number
(Uni)
Part
Number
(Bi)
Reverse
Stand off
Voltage VR
(Volts)
P4KE6.8A
P4KE7.5A
P4KE8.2A
P4KE9.1A
P4KE10A
P4KE11A
P4KE12A
P4KE13A
P4KE15A
P4KE16A
P4KE18A
P4KE20A
P4KE22A
P4KE24A
P4KE27A
P4KE30A
P4KE33A
P4KE36A
P4KE39A
P4KE43A
P4KE47A
P4KE51A
P4KE56A
P4KE62A
P4KE68A
P4KE75A
P4KE82A
P4KE91A
P4KE100A
P4KE110A
P4KE120A
P4KE130A
P4KE150A
P4KE160A
P4KE170A
P4KE180A
P4KE200A
P4KE220A
P4KE250A
P4KE300A
P4KE350A
P4KE400A
P4KE440A
P4KE480A
P4KE510A
P4KE530A
P4KE540A
P4KE550A
P4KE6.8CA
P4KE7.5CA
P4KE8.2CA
P4KE9.1CA
P4KE10CA
P4KE11CA
P4KE12CA
P4KE13CA
P4KE15CA
P4KE16CA
P4KE18CA
P4KE20CA
P4KE22CA
P4KE24CA
P4KE27CA
P4KE30CA
P4KE33CA
P4KE36CA
P4KE39CA
P4KE43CA
P4KE47CA
P4KE51CA
P4KE56CA
P4KE62CA
P4KE68CA
P4KE75CA
P4KE82CA
P4KE91CA
P4KE100CA
P4KE110CA
P4KE120CA
P4KE130CA
P4KE150CA
P4KE160CA
P4KE170CA
P4KE180CA
P4KE200CA
P4KE220CA
P4KE250CA
P4KE300CA
P4KE350CA
P4KE400CA
P4KE440CA
P4KE480CA
P4KE510CA
P4KE530CA
P4KE540CA
P4KE550CA
5.80
6.40
7.02
7.78
8.55
9.40
10.20
11.10
12.80
13.60
15.30
17.10
18.80
20.50
23.10
25.60
28.20
30.80
33.30
36.80
40.20
43.60
47.80
53.00
58.10
64.10
70.10
77.80
85.50
94.00
102.00
111.00
128.00
136.00
145.00
154.00
171.00
185.00
214.00
256.00
300.00
342.00
376.00
408.00
434.00
451.00
460.00
468.00
Breakdown
Voltage
VBR@ IT (V)
MIN
MAX
Test
Current
IT
(mA)
6.45
7.13
7.79
8.65
9.50
10.50
11.40
12.40
14.30
15.20
17.10
19.00
20.90
22.80
25.70
28.50
31.40
34.20
37.10
40.90
44.70
48.50
53.20
58.90
64.60
71.30
77.90
86.50
95.00
105.00
114.00
124.00
143.00
152.00
162.00
171.00
190.00
209.00
237.00
285.00
332.00
380.00
418.00
456.00
485.00
503.50
513.00
522.50
7.14
7.88
8.61
9.55
10.50
11.60
12.60
13.70
15.80
16.80
18.90
21.00
23.10
25.20
28.40
31.50
34.70
37.80
41.00
45.20
49.40
53.60
58.80
65.10
71.40
78.80
86.10
95.50
105.00
116.00
126.00
137.00
158.00
168.00
179.00
189.00
210.00
231.00
263.00
315.00
368.00
420.00
462.00
504.00
535.00
556.50
567.00
577.50
10
10
10
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Maximum
Maximum
Clamping
Peak
Voltage
Pulse Current
VC @ Ipp
Ipp (A)
(V)
10.5
11.3
12.1
13.4
14.5
15.6
16.7
18.2
21.2
22.5
25.5
27.7
30.6
33.2
37.5
41.4
45.7
49.9
53.9
59.3
64.8
70.1
77.0
85.0
92.0
103.0
113.0
125.0
137.0
152.0
165.0
179.0
207.0
219.0
234.0
246.0
274.0
328.0
344.0
414.0
482.0
548.0
602.0
658.0
698.0
725.0
740.0
760.0
39.00
36.30
33.90
30.60
28.30
26.30
24.60
22.50
19.30
18.20
16.10
14.80
13.40
12.30
10.90
9.90
9.00
8.20
7.60
6.90
6.30
5.80
5.30
4.80
4.50
4.00
3.60
3.30
3.00
2.70
2.50
2.30
2.00
1.90
1.80
1.70
1.50
1.30
1.20
1.00
0.85
0.75
0.68
0.61
0.57
0.55
0.54
0.52
Maximum
Reverse
Leakage
IR @ VR(µA)
Agency
Approval
1000
500
200
50
10
5
5
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
For bidirectional type having VR of 10 volts and less, the IR limit is double.
For parts without A , the VBR is ± 10% and VC is 5% higher than with A parts
© 2015 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 11/20/15
Transient Voltage Suppression Diodes
Axial Leaded – 400W > P4KE series
I-V Curve Characteristics
Bi-directional
Uni-directional
Ipp
Vc VBR VR
V
IR VF
IT
IT
IR
Vc VBR VR
IR
IT
V
Ipp
Ipp
PPPM
VR
VBR
VC
IR
VF
VR VBR Vc
Peak Pulse Power Dissipation -- Max power dissipation
Stand-off Voltage -- Maximum voltage that can be applied to the TVS without operation
Breakdown Voltage -- Maximum voltage that flows though the TVS at a specified test current (IT)
Clamping Voltage -- Peak voltage measured across the TVS at a specified Ippm (peak impulse current)
Reverse Leakage Current -- Current measured at VR
Forward Voltage Drop for Uni-directional
Ratings and Characteristic Curves (T =25°C unless otherwise noted)
A
Figure 1 - TVS Transients Clamping Waveform
Figure 2 - Peak Pulse Power Rating Curve
Voltage Transients
PPPM-Peak Pulse Power (kW)
100
Voltage or Current
Voltage Across TVS
Current Through TVS
Time
TJ initial = Tamb
10
stacked-die, 600W
at 10x1000µs, 25°C
1
0.1
0.001
Single die,400W
at 10x1000µs, 25°C
0.01
0.1
1
10
td-Pulse Width (ms)
continues on next page.
© 2015 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 11/20/15
Transient Voltage Suppression Diodes
Axial Leaded – 400W > P4KE series
Ratings and Characteristic Curves (T =25°C unless otherwise noted) (Continued)
A
Figure 3 - Peak Pulse Power Derating Curve
Figure 4 - Pulse Waveform
IPPM- Peak Pulse Current, % IRSM
Peak Pulse Power (PPP) or Current (IPP)
Derating in Percentage %
150
100
75
50
25
0
0
25
50
75
100
125
150
175
200
TJ=25°C
Pulse Width(td) is defined
as the point where the peak
current decays to 50% of IPPM
Peak Value
IPPM
100
Half Value
IPPM IPPM
( )
2
50
0
TJ - Initial Junction Temperature (ºC)
10/1000µsec. Waveform
as defined by R.E.A
td
1.0
0
2.0
3.0
4.0
t-Time (ms)
Figure 5 - Typical Junction Capacitance
Figure 6 - Typical Transient Thermal Impedance
100
Transient Thermal Impedance (°C/W)
10000
Uni-direconal V=0V
1000
Cj (pF)
tr=10µsec
Bi-direconal V=0V
100
Uni/Bi-direconal
V=VR
10
10
1
1
1
10
100
0.1
1000
0.01
0.1
VBR - Reverse Breakdown Voltage (V)
Figure 7 - Maximum Non-Repetitive Forward Surge
Current Uni-Directional Only
10
100
1000
Figure 8 - Peak Forward Voltage Drop vs Peak Forward
Current (Typical Values)
100.0
Single die
60
I F- Peak Forward Current (A)
IFSM - Peak Forward Surve Current (A)
70
1
TP - Pulse Duration (s)
50
40
30
20
Stacked-die
10.0
1.0
10
0.1
0
1
10
Number of Cycles at 60 Hz
100
0.0
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
7.0
8.0
9.0
VF - Peak Forward Voltage (V)
© 2015 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 11/20/15
Transient Voltage Suppression Diodes
Axial Leaded – 400W > P4KE series
Soldering Parameters
Lead–free
assembly
Pre Heat
150°C
- Temperature Max (Ts(max))
200°C
- Time (min to max) (ts)
60 – 180 secs
TL
3°C/second max
TS(max) to TA - Ramp-up Rate
Reflow
Ramp-up
- Temperature Min (Ts(min))
Average ramp up rate (Liquidus Temp (TA)
to peak
tp
TP
Temperature (T)
Reflow Condition
tL
Critical Zone
TL to TP
Ts(max)
Ramp-down
Ts(min)
ts
Preheat
3°C/second max
25˚C
- Temperature (TA) (Liquidus)
217°C
- Time (min to max) (ts)
60 – 150 seconds
t 25˚C to Peak
Time (t)
Peak Temperature (TP)
260+0/-5 °C
Time within 5°C of actual peak
Temperature (tp)
20 – 40 seconds
Flow/Wave Soldering (Solder Dipping)
Ramp-down Rate
6°C/second max
Peak Temperature :
260OC
Time 25°C to peak Temperature (TP)
8 minutes Max.
Dipping Time :
5 seconds
Do not exceed
260°C
Soldering :
1 time
Environmental Specifications
Physical Specifications
Weight
0.012oz., 0.3g
High Temp. Storage
JESD22-A103
Case
JEDEC DO-204AL (DO-41) molded
plastic body over passivated junction.
HTRB
JESD22-A108
Polarity
Color band denotes the cathode except
Bipolar.
Temperature Cycling
JESD22-A104
Terminal
Matte Tin axial leads, solderable per
JESD22-B102.
H3TRB
JESD22-A101
RSH
JESD22-B106
Dimensions
D
Cathode Band
(for Uni-directional products only)
C
A
B
A
DO-204AL (DO-41)
© 2015 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 11/20/15
Dimensions
Inches
Min
Millimeters
Max
Min
Max
A
1.000
-
25.40
-
B
0.160
0.205
4.10
5.20
C
0.028
0.034
0.71
0.86
D
0.080
0.107
2.00
2.70
Transient Voltage Suppression Diodes
Axial Leaded – 400W > P4KE series
Part Numbering System
Part Marking System
OPTION CODE:
BLANK Reel Tape
-B Bulk Packaging
Cathode Band
(for Uni-directional
products only)
TYPE CODE:
A Uni-Directional (5% VBR Voltage Tolerance)
CA Bi-Directional (5% VBR Voltage Tolerance)
F
P4KE xxx XX X
YYWW
Trace Code Marking
Littelfuse Logo
VBR VOLTAGE CODE
(Refer to the Electrical Characteristics table)
P4KEXXX
YY:Year Code
WW: Week Code
Product Type
SERIES CODE
Packaging
Part Number
Component
Package
Quantity
Packaging
Option
P4KExxxXX
DO-204AL
5000
Tape & Reel
EIA STD RS-296
P4KExxxXX-B
DO-204AL
500
BOX
Littelfuse Spec.
Packaging Specification
Tape and Reel Specification
Off Center
either side 2.063+0.079/-0.039
(53.0+2.0/-1.0)
0.028(0.7)
2.56
(65.0)
0.047
(1.2)
0.197+/-0.020
(5.0+/- 0.5)
13.0
(330.2)
0.236
(6.0)
Dimensions are in
inches/mm
3.0
(76.2)
0.68
(17.27)
2.75
(69.85)
Recess Depth Max. 0.75 (19.05)
Direction of Feed
© 2015 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 11/20/15