202249A.pdf

DATA SHEET
AAT3218
150mA MicroPowerTM High Performance LDO
General Description
Features
The AAT3218 MicroPower low dropout linear regulator is
ideally suited for portable applications where very fast
transient response, extended battery life, and small size
are critical. The AAT3218 has been specifically designed
for high-speed turn-on and turn-off performance, fast
transient response, and good power supply ripple rejection (PSRR), and is reasonably low noise, making it ideal
for powering sensitive circuits with fast switching requirements.
• Low Dropout: 200mV at 150mA
• Guaranteed 150mA Output
• High Accuracy: ±1.5%
• 70µA Quiescent Current
• Fast Line and Load Transient Response
• High-Speed Device Turn-On and Shutdown
• High Power Supply Ripple Rejection
• Low Self Noise
• Short-Circuit and Over-Temperature Protection
• Uses Low Equivalent Series Resistance (ESR) Ceramic
Capacitors
• Output Noise Reduction Bypass Capacitor
• Shutdown Mode for Longer Battery Life
• Low Temperature Coefficient
• 5 Factory-Programmed Output Voltages
• SOT23 5-Pin or SC70JW 8-Pin Package
Other features include low quiescent current, typically
70µA, and low dropout voltage, typically less than
200mV at the maximum output current level of 150mA.
The device is output short-circuit protected and has a
thermal shutdown circuit for additional protection under
extreme operating conditions.
The AAT3218 also features a low-power shutdown mode
for extended battery life. A reference bypass pin has
been provided to improve PSRR performance and output
noise, by connecting a small external capacitor from
device reference output to ground.
The AAT3218 is available in a Pb-free, space-saving
5-pin SOT23 or 8-pin SC70JW package in 5 factoryprogrammed voltages: 1.2V, 2.3V, 2.8V, 2.85V, or 3.5V.
Applications
• Bluetooth™ Headsets
• Cellular Phones
• Digital Cameras
• Notebook Computers
• Personal Portable Electronics
• Portable Communication Devices
Typical Application
VIN
IN
ON/OFF
AAT3218
VOUT
OUT
BYP
EN
GND
1µF
10nF
2.2µF
GND
GND
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
202249A • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • August 7, 2012
1
DATA SHEET
AAT3218
150mA MicroPowerTM High Performance LDO
Pin Descriptions
Pin Number
SOT23-5
SC70JW-8
Symbol
1
2
5, 6
8
IN
GND
3
7
EN
4
1
BYP
5
2, 3, 4
OUT
Function
Input voltage pin; should be decoupled with 1µF or greater capacitor.
Ground connection pin.
Enable pin; this pin should not be left floating. When pulled low, the PMOS pass transistor turns off and all internal circuitry enters low-power mode, consuming less than 1µA.
Bypass capacitor connection; to improve AC ripple rejection, connect a 10nF capacitor to
GND. This will also provide a soft-start function.
Output pin; should be decoupled with 2.2µF ceramic capacitor.
Pin Configuration
SOT23-5
(Top View)
IN
GND
2
EN
1
5
OUT
2
3
4
BYP
SC70JW-8
(Top View)
BYP
OUT
OUT
OUT
1
8
2
7
3
6
4
5
GND
EN
IN
IN
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
202249A • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • August 7, 2012
DATA SHEET
AAT3218
150mA MicroPowerTM High Performance LDO
Absolute Maximum Ratings1
TA = 25°C, unless otherwise noted.
Symbol
VIN
VENIN(MAX)
IOUT
TJ
Description
Input Voltage
Maximum EN to Input Voltage
DC Output Current
Operating Junction Temperature Range
Value
Units
6
0.3
PD/(VIN-VO)
-40 to 150
mA
°C
Rating
Units
190
526
°C/W
mW
Rating
Units
(VOUT+VDO) to 5.5
-40 to +85
V
°C
V
Thermal Information2
Symbol
Description
Maximum Thermal Resistance (SOT23-5, SC70JW-8)
Maximum Power Dissipation (SOT23-5, SC70JW-8)
QJA
PD
Recommended Operating Conditions
Symbol
VIN
T
Description
Input Voltage
Ambient Temperature Range
3
1. Stresses above those listed in Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage to the device. Functional operation at conditions other than the operating conditions
specified is not implied.
2. Mounted on a demo board.
3. To calculate minimum input voltage, use the following equation: VIN(MIN) = VOUT(MAX) + VDO(MAX) as long as VIN ≥ 2.5V.
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
202249A • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • August 7, 2012
3
DATA SHEET
AAT3218
150mA MicroPowerTM High Performance LDO
Electrical Characteristics
VIN = VOUT(NOM) + 1V for VOUT options greater than 1.5V. VIN = 2.5 for VOUT ≤1.5V. IOUT = 1mA, COUT = 2.2µF, CIN = 1µF, TA
= -40°C to +85°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are TA = 25°C.
Symbol
VOUT
IOUT
VDO
ISC
IQ
ISD
DVOUT/
VOUT*DVIN
Description
Conditions
Output Voltage Tolerance
IOUT = 1mA to 150mA
Output Current
Dropout Voltage1, 2
Short-Circuit Current
Ground Current
Shutdown Current
VOUT > 1.2V
IOUT = 150mA
VOUT < 0.4V
VIN = 5V, No Load, EN = VIN
VIN = 5V, EN = 0V
Line Regulation
VIN = VOUT + 1 to 5.0V
DVOUT(line)
Dynamic Line Regulation
DVOUT(load)
tENDLY
VEN(L)
VEN(H)
IEN
Dynamic Load Regulation
Enable Delay Time
Enable Threshold Low
Enable Threshold High
Leakage Current on Enable Pin
PSRR
TSD
THYS
eN
TC
Power Supply Rejection Ratio
Over-Temperature Shutdown
Threshold
Over-Temperature Shutdown
Hysteresis
Output Noise
Output Voltage Temperature
Coefficient
Min
TA = 25°C
TA = -40°C to 85°C
Typ
-1.5
-2.5
150
200
600
70
VIN = VOUT + 1V to VOUT + 2V, IOUT = 150mA,
TR/TF = 2µs
IOUT = 1mA to 150mA, TR< 5µs
BYP = Open
Max
Units
1.5
2.5
%
300
mA
mV
mA
125
1
µA
0.09
%/V
2.5
mV
30
15
µs
0.6
1.5
VEN = 5V
IOUT = 10mA, CBYP = 10nF
1
1 kHz
10kHz
1MHz
67
47
45
145
12
Noise Power BW = 300Hz - 50kHz
µA
dB
°C
50
µVrms
22
ppm/°C
1. VDO is defined as VIN - VOUT when VOUT is 98% of nominal.
2. For VOUT < 2.3V, VDO = 2.5V - VOUT.
4
V
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
202249A • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • August 7, 2012
DATA SHEET
AAT3218
150mA MicroPowerTM High Performance LDO
Typical Characteristics
Unless otherwise noted, VIN = 5V, TA = 25°C.
Dropout Characteristics
3.20
260
240
220
200
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
3.00
IL = 150mA
Output Voltage (V)
Dropout Voltage (mV)
Dropout Voltage vs. Temperature
IL = 100mA
IL = 50mA
-40 -30 -20 -10 0
IOUT = 0mA
2.80
2.60
IOUT = 50mA
2.40
IOUT = 100mA
IOUT = 150mA
2.20
2.00
2.70
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120
Temperature (°C)
2.90
3.00
3.10
3.20
Ground Current vs. Input Voltage
90.00
Ground Current (µA)
300
Dropout Voltage (mV)
2.80
Input Voltage (V)
Dropout Voltage vs. Output Current
250
200
85°C
150
100
25°C
-40°C
50
80.00
70.00
60.00
50.00
0
25
50
75
IOUT = 150mA
40.00
IOUT = 50mA
IOUT = 0mA
30.00
IOUT = 10mA
20.00
10.00
0
100
125
0.00
150
Output Current (mA)
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
Input Voltage (V)
Quiescent Current vs. Temperature
Output Voltage vs. Temperature
1.203
100
90
1.202
80
Output Voltage (V)
Quiescent Current (µA)
IOUT = 10mA
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
-40 -30 -20 -10
0
1.200
1.199
1.198
1.197
1.196
-40 -30 -20 -10
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120
Temperature (°C)
1.201
0
10 20
30
40
50 60
70 80
90 100
Temperature (°C)
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
202249A • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • August 7, 2012
5
DATA SHEET
AAT3218
150mA MicroPowerTM High Performance LDO
Typical Characteristics
Unless otherwise noted, VIN = 5V, TA = 25°C.
Load Transient Response
Over-Current Protection
2.90
Output Voltage (V)
1000
800
600
400
200
0
2.85
VOUT
400
2.80
300
2.75
200
2.70
100
2.65
-200
Time (20ms/div)
500
2.60
0
IOUT
-100
Time (100µs/div)
AAT3218 Self Noise
VIH and V IL vs. VIN
Noise Amplitude (µV/rtHz)
(COUT = 10µF, ceramic)
10
1.250
1
1.200
0.1
1.150
1.225
VIH
1.175
1.125
0.01
Band Power:
300Hz to 50kHz = 44.6µVrms/rtHz
100Hz to 100kHz = 56.3µVrms/rtHz
0.1
1
10
VIL
1.100
1.075
1.050
2.5
0.001
0.01
100
Frequency (kHz)
1000
10000
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
Input Voltage (V)
6
Output Current (mA)
Output Current (mA)
1200
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
202249A • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • August 7, 2012
5.0
5.5
DATA SHEET
AAT3218
150mA MicroPowerTM High Performance LDO
Functional Block Diagram
OUT
IN
Active
Feedback
Control
Over-Current
Protection
OverTemperature
Protection
+
Error
Amplifier
-
EN
FastStart
Control
Voltage
Reference
BYP
Functional Description
The AAT3218 is intended for LDO regulator applications
where output current load requirements range from no
load to 150mA. The advanced circuit design of the
AAT3218 has been specifically optimized for very fast
start-up and shutdown timing. This proprietary CMOS
LDO has also been tailored for superior transient
response characteristics. These traits are particularly
important for applications that require fast power supply
timing, such as GSM cellular telephone handsets.
The high-speed turn-on capability of the AAT3218 is
enabled through the implementation of a fast-start control circuit, which accelerates the power-up behavior of
fundamental control and feedback circuits within the
LDO regulator.
Fast turn-off response time is achieved by an active output pull-down circuit, which is enabled when the LDO
regulator is placed in shutdown mode. This active fast
shutdown circuit has no adverse effect on normal device
operation.
The AAT3218 has very fast transient response characteristics, which is an important feature for applications
where fast line and load transient response are required.
GND
This rapid transient response behavior is accomplished
through the implementation of an active error amplifier
feedback control. This proprietary circuit design is unique
to this MicroPower LDO regulator.
The LDO regulator output has been specifically optimized
to function with low-cost, low-ESR ceramic capacitors.
However, the design will allow for operation over a wide
range of capacitor types.
A bypass pin has been provided to allow the addition of
an optional voltage reference bypass capacitor to reduce
output self noise and increase power supply ripple rejection. Device self noise and PSRR will be improved by the
addition of a small ceramic capacitor to this pin. However,
increased CBYPASS values may slow down the LDO regulator turn-on time.
This LDO regulator has complete short-circuit and thermal protection. The integral combination of these two
internal protection circuits gives the AAT3218 a comprehensive safety system to guard against extreme adverse
operating conditions. Device power dissipation is limited
to the package type and thermal dissipation properties.
Refer to the Thermal Considerations section of this
datasheet for details on device operation at maximum
output current loads.
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
202249A • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • August 7, 2012
7
DATA SHEET
AAT3218
150mA MicroPowerTM High Performance LDO
Applications Information
To assure the maximum possible performance is obtained
from the AAT3218, please refer to the following application recommendations.
Input Capacitor
Typically, a 1µF or larger capacitor is recommended for
CIN in most applications. A CIN capacitor is not required
for basic LDO regulator operation. However, if the
AAT3218 is physically located more than three centimeters from an input power source, a CIN capacitor will be
needed for stable operation. CIN should be located as
close to the device VIN pin as practically possible. CIN
values greater than 1µF will offer superior input line
transient response and will assist in maximizing the
highest possible power supply ripple rejection.
Bypass Capacitor and
Low Noise Applications
A bypass capacitor pin is provided to enhance the low
noise characteristics of the AAT3218 LDO regulator. The
bypass capacitor is not necessary for operation of the
AAT3218. However, for best device performance, a small
ceramic capacitor should be placed between the bypass
pin (BYP) and the device ground pin (GND). The value of
CBYP may range from 470pF to 10nF. For lowest noise and
best possible power supply ripple rejection performance,
a 10nF capacitor should be used. To practically realize
the highest power supply ripple rejection and lowest
output noise performance, it is critical that the capacitor
connection between the BYP pin and GND pin be direct
and PCB traces should be as short as possible. Refer to
the PCB Layout Recommendations section of this datasheet for examples.
Ceramic, tantalum, or aluminum electrolytic capacitors
may be selected for CIN. There is no specific capacitor
ESR requirement for CIN. However, for 150mA LDO regulator output operation, ceramic capacitors are recommended for CIN due to their inherent capability over
tantalum capacitors to withstand input current surges
from low impedance sources, such as batteries in portable devices.
There is a relationship between the bypass capacitor
value and the LDO regulator turn-on time and turn-off
time. In applications where fast device turn-on and turnoff time are desired, the value of CBYP should be reduced.
Output Capacitor
DC leakage on this pin can affect the LDO regulator output noise and voltage regulation performance. For this
reason, the use of a low leakage, high quality ceramic
(NPO or C0G type) or film capacitor is highly recommended.
For proper load voltage regulation and operational stability, a capacitor is required between pins VOUT and GND.
The COUT capacitor connection to the LDO regulator
ground pin should be made as direct as practically possible for maximum device performance.
The AAT3218 has been specifically designed to function
with very low ESR ceramic capacitors. For best performance, ceramic capacitors are recommended.
Typical output capacitor values for maximum output current conditions range from 1µF to 10µF. Applications
utilizing the exceptionally low output noise and optimum
power supply ripple rejection characteristics of the
AAT3218 should use 2.2µF or greater for COUT. If desired,
COUT may be increased without limit.
In low output current applications where output load is
less than 10mA, the minimum value for COUT can be as
low as 0.47µF.
8
In applications where low noise performance and/or
ripple rejection are less of a concern, the bypass capacitor may be omitted. The fastest device turn-on time will
be realized when no bypass capacitor is used.
Capacitor Characteristics
Ceramic composition capacitors are highly recommended over all other types of capacitors for use with the
AAT3218. Ceramic capacitors offer many advantages
over their tantalum and aluminum electrolytic counterparts. A ceramic capacitor typically has very low ESR, is
lower cost, has a smaller PCB footprint, and is nonpolarized. Line and load transient response of the LDO
regulator is improved by using low-ESR ceramic capacitors. Since ceramic capacitors are non-polarized, they
are not prone to incorrect connection damage.
Equivalent Series Resistance: ESR is a very important characteristic to consider when selecting a capacitor. ESR is the internal series resistance associated with
a capacitor that includes lead resistance, internal connections, size and area, material composition, and ambi-
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
202249A • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • August 7, 2012
DATA SHEET
AAT3218
150mA MicroPowerTM High Performance LDO
ent temperature. Typically, capacitor ESR is measured in
milliohms for ceramic capacitors and can range to more
than several ohms for tantalum or aluminum electrolytic
capacitors.
Ceramic Capacitor Materials: Ceramic capacitors less
than 0.1µF are typically made from NPO or C0G materials. NPO and C0G materials generally have tight tolerance and are very stable over temperature. Larger
capacitor values are usually composed of X7R, X5R, Z5U,
or Y5V dielectric materials. Large ceramic capacitors (i.e.,
greater than 2.2µF) are often available in low-cost Y5V
and Z5U dielectrics. These two material types are not
recommended for use with LDO regulators since the
capacitor tolerance can vary more than ±50% over the
operating temperature range of the device. A 2.2µF Y5V
capacitor could be reduced to 1µF over temperature; this
could cause problems for circuit operation. X7R and X5R
dielectrics are much more desirable. The temperature
tolerance of X7R dielectric is better than ±15%.
Capacitor area is another contributor to ESR. Capaci­tors
that are physically large in size will have a lower ESR
when compared to a smaller sized capacitor of an equivalent material and capacitance value. These larger devices can improve circuit transient response when compared
to an equal value capacitor in a smaller package size.
Consult capacitor vendor datasheets carefully when
selecting capacitors for LDO regulators.
Enable Function
The AAT3218 features an LDO regulator enable/
disable function. This pin (EN) is active high and is compatible with CMOS logic. To assure the LDO regulator will
switch on, the EN turn-on control level must be greater
than 1.5V. The LDO regulator will go into the disable
shutdown mode when the voltage on the EN pin falls
below 0.6V. If the enable function is not needed in a
specific application, it may be tied to VIN to keep the LDO
regulator in a continuously on state.
When the LDO regulator is in shutdown mode, an internal 1.5kW resistor is connected between VOUT and GND.
This is intended to discharge COUT when the LDO regulator is disabled. The internal 1.5kW has no adverse effect
on device turn-on time.
Short-Circuit Protection
The AAT3218 contains an internal short-circuit protection
circuit that will trigger when the output load current
exceeds the internal threshold limit. Under short-circuit
conditions, the output of the LDO regulator will be current limited until the short-circuit condition is removed
from the output or LDO regulator package power dissipation exceeds the device thermal limit.
Thermal Protection
The AAT3218 has an internal thermal protection circuit
which will turn on when the device die temperature
exceeds 150°C. The internal thermal protection circuit
will actively turn off the LDO regulator output pass
device to prevent the possibility of over-temperature
damage. The LDO regulator output will remain in a shutdown state until the internal die temperature falls back
below the 150°C trip point.
The combination and interaction between the short-circuit and thermal protection systems allows the LDO
regulator to withstand indefinite short-circuit conditions
without sustaining permanent damage.
No-Load Stability
The AAT3218 is designed to maintain output voltage
regulation and stability under operational no-load conditions. This is an important characteristic for applications
where the output current may drop to zero.
Reverse Output-to-Input
Voltage Conditions and Protection
Under normal operating conditions, a parasitic diode
exists between the output and input of the LDO regulator. The input voltage should always remain greater than
the output load voltage, maintaining a reverse bias on
the internal parasitic diode. Conditions where VOUT might
exceed VIN should be avoided since this would forward
bias the internal parasitic diode and allow excessive current flow into the VOUT pin, possibly damaging the LDO
regulator.
In applications where there is a possibility of VOUT
exceeding VIN for brief amounts of time during normal
operation, the use of a larger value CIN capacitor is
highly recommended. A larger value of CIN with respect
to COUT will effect a slower CIN decay rate during shutdown, thus preventing VOUT from exceeding VIN. In applications where there is a greater danger of VOUT exceeding
VIN for extended periods of time, it is recommended to
place a Schottky diode across VIN to VOUT (connecting the
cathode to VIN and anode to VOUT). The Schottky diode
forward voltage should be less than 0.45V.
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
202249A • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • August 7, 2012
9
DATA SHEET
AAT3218
150mA MicroPowerTM High Performance LDO
Thermal Considerations and
High Output Current Applications
The AAT3218 is designed to deliver a continuous output
load current of 150mA under normal operating conditions. The limiting characteristic for the maximum output load current safe operating area is essentially package power dissipation and the internal preset thermal
limit of the device. In order to obtain high operating
currents, careful device layout and circuit operating conditions must be taken into account.
The following discussions will assume the LDO regulator
is mounted on a printed circuit board utilizing the minimum recommended footprint, as stated in the Layout
Considerations section of this datasheet.
At any given ambient temperature (TA), the maximum
package power dissipation can be determined by the following equation:
[TJ(MAX) - TA]
PD(MAX) =
ΘJA
Constants for the AAT3218 are TJ(MAX), the maximum
junction temperature for the device which is 125°C and
QJA = 190°C/W, the package thermal resistance. Typically,
maximum conditions are calculated at the maximum
operating temperature where TA = 85°C, under normal
ambient conditions TA = 25°C. Given TA = 85°C, the
maximum package power dissipation is 211mW. At TA =
25°C, the maximum package power dissipation is
526mW.
The maximum continuous output current for the AAT3218
is a function of the package power dissipation and the
input-to-output voltage drop across the LDO regulator.
Refer to the following simple equation:
IOUT(MAX) <
PD(MAX)
(VIN - VOUT)
For example, if VIN = 5V, VOUT = 2.8V, and TA = 25°C,
IOUT(MAX) < 240mA. If the output load current were to
exceed 240mA or if the ambient temperature were to
increase, the internal die temperature would increase. If
the condition remained constant, the LDO regulator
thermal protection circuit would activate.
10
To determine the maximum input voltage for a given
load current, refer to the following equation. This calculation accounts for the total power dissipation of the LDO
regulator, including that caused by ground current. PD(MAX) = (VIN - VOUT) · IOUT + VIN · IGND
This formula can be solved for VIN to determine the
maximum input voltage.
VIN(MAX) =
PD(MAX) + VOUT · IOUT
IOUT · IGND
The following is an example for an AAT3218 set for a
2.3V output:
VOUT
= 2.3V
IOUT
= 150mA
IGND
= 150µA
VIN(MAX) =
526mW + 2.3V ∙ 150mA
150mA + 150µA
VIN(MAX) = 5.8V
From the discussion above, PD(MAX) was determined to
equal 526mW at TA = 25°C.
Thus, the AAT3218 can sustain a constant 2.3V output
at a 150mA load current as long as VIN is ≤ 5.8V at an
ambient temperature of 25°C. 5.8V is the absolute
maximum voltage where an AAT3218 would never be
operated, thus at 25°C, the device would not have any
thermal concerns or operational VIN(MAX) limits.
This situation can be different at 85°C. The following is an
example for an AAT3218 set for a 2.3V output at 85°C:
VOUT
= 2.3V
IOUT
= 150mA
IGND
= 150µA
VIN(MAX) =
211mW + 2.3V ∙ 150mA
150mA + 150µA
VIN(MAX) = 3.7V
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
202249A • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • August 7, 2012
DATA SHEET
AAT3218
150mA MicroPowerTM High Performance LDO
From the discussion above, PD(MAX) was determined to
equal 211mW at TA = 85°C.
Higher input-to-output voltage differentials can be
obtained with the AAT3218, while maintaining device
functions within the thermal safe operating area. To
accomplish this, the device thermal resistance must be
reduced by increasing the heat sink area or by operating
the LDO regulator in a duty-cycled mode.
For example, an application requires VIN = 4.2V while
VOUT = 2.3V at a 150mA load and TA = 85°C. VIN is greater than 3.7V, which is the maximum safe continuous
input level for VOUT = 2.3V at 150mA for TA = 85°C. To
maintain this high input voltage and output current level,
the LDO regulator must be operated in a duty-cycled
mode. Refer to the following calculation for duty-cycle
operation (PD(MAX) is assumed to be 211mW):
IGND
= 150µA
IOUT
= 150mA
VIN
= 4.2V
VOUT = 2.3V
%DC =
PD(MAX)
(VIN - VOUT) ∙ IOUT + VIN ∙ IGND
%DC =
211mW
(4.2V - 2.3V) ∙ 150mA + 4.2V ∙ 150µA
%DC = 73.87%
For a 150mA output current and a 2.5V drop across the
AAT3218 at an ambient temperature of 85°C, the maximum on-time duty cycle for the device would be 73.87%.
High Peak Output Current Applications
Some applications require the LDO regulator to operate
at continuous nominal level with short duration, highcurrent peaks. The duty cycles for both output current
levels must be taken into account. To do so, first calculate the power dissipation at the nominal continuous
level, then factor in the additional power dissipation due
to the short duration, high-current peaks.
For example, a 2.3V system using an AAT3218IGV2.3-T1 operates at a continuous 100mA load current
level and has short 150mA current peaks. The current
peak occurs for 378µs out of a 4.61ms period. It will be
assumed the input voltage is 4.2V.
First, the current duty cycle in percent must be calculated:
% Peak Duty Cycle: X/100 = 378µs/4.61ms
% Peak Duty Cycle = 8.2%
The LDO regulator will be under the 100mA load for
91.8% of the 4.61ms period and have 150mA peaks
occurring for 8.2% of the time. Next, the continuous
nominal power dissipation for the 100mA load should be
determined then multiplied by the duty cycle to conclude
the actual power dissipation over time.
PD(MAX) = (VIN - VOUT) · IOUT + VIN · IGND
PD(100mA) = (4.2V - 2.3V) · 100mA + 4.2V · 150µA
PD(100mA) = 190.6mW
PD(91.8%D/C) = %DC · PD(100mA)
PD(91.8%D/C) = 0.918 x 190.6mW
PD(91.8%D/C) = 175mW
The power dissipation for a 100mA load occurring for
91.8% of the duty cycle will be 175mW. Now the power
dissipation for the remaining 8.2% of the duty cycle at
the 150mA load can be calculated:
PD(MAX) = (VIN - VOUT) · IOUT + VIN · IGND
PD(150mA) = (4.2V - 2.3V) · 150mA + 4.2V · 150mA
PD(150mA) = 285.6mW
PD(8.2%D/C) = %DC x PD(150mA)
PD(8.2%D/C) = 0.082 x 285.6mW
PD(8.2%D/C) = 23.4mW
The power dissipation for a 150mA load occurring for
8.2% of the duty cycle will be 23.4mW. Finally, the two
power dissipation levels can summed to determine the
total true power dissipation under the varied load:
PD(total) = PD(100mA) + PD(150mA)
PD(total) = 175mW + 23.4mW
PD(total) = 198.4mW
The maximum power dissipation for the AAT3218 operating at an ambient temperature of 85°C is 211mW. The
device in this example will have a total power dissipation
of 198.4mW. This is well within the thermal limits for
safe operation of the device.
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
202249A • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • August 7, 2012
11
DATA SHEET
AAT3218
150mA MicroPowerTM High Performance LDO
Printed Circuit Board
Layout Recommendations
Figure 1 shows a common LDO regulator layout scheme.
The LDO regulator, external capacitors (CIN, COUT, and
CBYP), and the load circuit are all connected to a common
ground plane. This type of layout will work in simple
applications where good power supply ripple rejection
and low self noise are not a design concern. For highperformance applications, this method is not recommended.
In order to obtain the maximum performance from the
AAT3218 LDO regulator, careful consideration should be
given to the printed circuit board (PCB) layout. If
grounding connections are not properly made, power
supply ripple rejection, low output self noise, and transient response can be compromised.
VIN
ILOAD
IIN
VIN
LDO VOUT
Regulator
EN
DC INPUT
BYP
GND
CIN
CBYP
IGND
IRIPPLE
COUT
RLOAD
CBYP
IBYP + noise
GND
LOOP
GND
RTRACE
RTRACE
RTRACE
RTRACE
ILOAD return + noise and ripple
Figure 1: Common LDO Regulator Layout with CBYP Ripple Feedback Loop.
The problem with the layout in Figure 1 is the bypass
capacitor and output capacitor share the same ground
path to the LDO regulator ground pin, along with the
high-current return path from the load back to the power
supply. The bypass capacitor node is connected directly
to the LDO regulator internal reference, making this
node very sensitive to noise or ripple. The internal reference output is fed into the error amplifier, thus any noise
or ripple from the bypass capacitor will be subsequently
amplified by the gain of the error amplifier. This effect
can increase noise seen on the LDO regulator output, as
well as reduce the maximum possible power supply ripple rejection. There is PCB trace impedance between the
bypass capacitor connection to ground and the LDO
regulator ground connection. When the high load current
returns through this path, a small ripple voltage is created, feeding into the CBYP loop.
12
Figure 2 shows the preferred method for the bypass and
output capacitor connections. For low output noise and
highest possible power supply ripple rejection performance, it is critical to connect the bypass and output
capacitor directly to the LDO regulator ground pin. This
method will eliminate any load noise or ripple current
feedback through the LDO regulator.
Evaluation Board Layout
The AAT3218 evaluation layout follows the recommend
printed circuit board layout procedures and can be used
as an example for good application layouts.
Note: Board layout is not shown to scale.
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
202249A • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • August 7, 2012
DATA SHEET
AAT3218
150mA MicroPowerTM High Performance LDO
ILOAD
IIN
VIN
VIN
LDO VOUT
Regulator
EN
BYP
GND
DC INPUT
CIN
IGND
CBYP
COUT
RLOAD
IBYP only
IRIPPLE
GND
RTRACE
RTRACE
RTRACE
RTRACE
ILOAD return + noise and ripple
Figure 2: Recommended LDO Regulator Layout.
Figure 3: Evaluation Board Component Side Layout.
Figure 4: Evaluation Board
Solder Side Layout.
Figure 5: Evaluation Board Top Side Silk Screen Layout / Assembly Drawing.
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
202249A • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • August 7, 2012
13
DATA SHEET
AAT3218
150mA MicroPowerTM High Performance LDO
Ordering Information
Output Voltage
Package
1.2V
2.3V
2.8V
2.85V
3.5V
1.2V
2.3V
3.5V
Marking1
Part Number (Tape and Reel)2
KWXYY
AAT3218IGV-1.2-T1
AAT3218IGV-2.3-T1
AAT3218IGV-2.8-T1
AAT3218IGV-2.85-T1
AAT3218IGV-3.5-T1
AAT3218IJS-1.2-T1
AAT3218IJS-2.3-T1
AAT3218IJS-3.5-T1
SOT23-5
EMXYY
HOXYY
KWXYY
SC70JW-8
Skyworks Green™ products are compliant with
all applicable legislation and are halogen-free.
For additional information, refer to Skyworks
Definition of Green™, document number
SQ04-0074.
Package Information
SOT23-5
2.85 ± 0.15
1.90 BSC
0.40 ± 0.10
0.075 ± 0.075
0.15 ± 0.07
4° ± 4°
10° ± 5°
1.10 ± 0.20
0.60 REF
1.20 ± 0.25
2.80 ± 0.20
1.575 ± 0.125
0.95
BSC
0.60 REF
0.45 ± 0.15
GAUGE PLANE
0.10 BSC
All dimensions in millimeters.
1. XYY = assembly and date code.
2. Sample stock is generally held on part numbers listed in BOLD.
14
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
202249A • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • August 7, 2012
DATA SHEET
AAT3218
150mA MicroPowerTM High Performance LDO
SC70JW-8
2.20 ± 0.20
1.75 ± 0.10
0.50 BSC 0.50 BSC 0.50 BSC
0.225 ± 0.075
2.00 ± 0.20
0.100
7° ± 3°
0.45 ± 0.10
4° ± 4°
0.05 ± 0.05
0.15 ± 0.05
1.10 MAX
0.85 ± 0.15
0.048REF
2.10 ± 0.30
All dimensions in millimeters.
Copyright © 2012 Skyworks Solutions, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Information in this document is provided in connection with Skyworks Solutions, Inc. (“Skyworks”) products or services. These materials, including the information contained herein, are provided by Skyworks as a
service to its customers and may be used for informational purposes only by the customer. Skyworks assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions in these materials or the information contained herein. Skyworks may change its documentation, products, services, specifications or product descriptions at any time, without notice. Skyworks makes no commitment to update the materials or information and shall have no
responsibility whatsoever for conflicts, incompatibilities, or other difficulties arising from any future changes.
No license, whether express, implied, by estoppel or otherwise, is granted to any intellectual property rights by this document. Skyworks assumes no liability for any materials, products or information provided hereunder, including the sale, distribution, reproduction or use of Skyworks products, information or materials, except as may be provided in Skyworks Terms and Conditions of Sale.
THE MATERIALS, PRODUCTS AND INFORMATION ARE PROVIDED “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, WHETHER EXPRESS, IMPLIED, STATUTORY, OR OTHERWISE, INCLUDING FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE OR USE, MERCHANTABILITY, PERFORMANCE, QUALITY OR NON-INFRINGEMENT OF ANY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHT; ALL SUCH WARRANTIES ARE HEREBY EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMED. SKYWORKS DOES
NOT WARRANT THE ACCURACY OR COMPLETENESS OF THE INFORMATION, TEXT, GRAPHICS OR OTHER ITEMS CONTAINED WITHIN THESE MATERIALS. SKYWORKS SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, STATUTORY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, LOST REVENUES OR LOST PROFITS THAT MAY RESULT FROM
THE USE OF THE MATERIALS OR INFORMATION, WHETHER OR NOT THE RECIPIENT OF MATERIALS HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
Skyworks products are not intended for use in medical, lifesaving or life-sustaining applications, or other equipment in which the failure of the Skyworks products could lead to personal injury, death, physical or environmental damage. Skyworks customers using or selling Skyworks products for use in such applications do so at their own risk and agree to fully indemnify Skyworks for any damages resulting from such improper
use or sale.
Customers are responsible for their products and applications using Skyworks products, which may deviate from published specifications as a result of design defects, errors, or operation of products outside of published parameters or design specifications. Customers should include design and operating safeguards to minimize these and other risks. Skyworks assumes no liability for applications assistance, customer product
design, or damage to any equipment resulting from the use of Skyworks products outside of stated published specifications or parameters.
Skyworks, the Skyworks symbol, and “Breakthrough Simplicity” are trademarks or registered trademarks of Skyworks Solutions, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Third-party brands and names are for
identification purposes only, and are the property of their respective owners. Additional information, including relevant terms and conditions, posted at www.skyworksinc.com, are incorporated by reference.
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
202249A • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • August 7, 2012
15