AAT2550_202174B.pdf

DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
General Description
Features
The AAT2550 is a fully integrated total power solution
with two step-down converters plus a single-cell lithiumion / polymer battery charger. The step-down converter
input voltage range spans 2.7V to 5.5V, making the
AAT2550 ideal for systems powered by single-cell lithium-ion/polymer batteries.
• Two Step-Down Converters:
▪ 600mA Output Current per Converter
▪ VIN Range: 2.7V to 5.5V
▪ 1.4MHz Switching Frequency
▪ Low RDS(ON) 0.4 Integrated Power Switches
▪ Internal Soft Start
▪ 27μA Quiescent Current per Converter
• Highly Integrated Battery Charger:
▪ Programmable Charging Current from 100mA to 1A
▪ Pass Device
▪ Reverse Blocking Diodes
▪ Current Sensing Resistor
▪ Digital Thermal Regulation
• Short-Circuit, Over-Temperature, and Current Limit
Protection
• QFN44-24 Package
• -40°C to +85°C Temperature Range
The battery charger is a complete constant current/ constant voltage linear charger. It offers an integrated pass
device, reverse blocking protection, high current accuracy and voltage regulation, charge status, and charge
termination. The charging current is programmable via
external resistor from 100mA to 1A. In addition to these
standard features, the device offers over-voltage, overcurrent, and thermal protection.
The two step-down converters are highly integrated,
operating at a switching frequency of 1.4MHz, minimizing the size of external components while keeping
switching losses low. Each converter has independent
input, enable, and feedback pins. The output voltage
ranges from 0.6V to VIN. Each converter is capable of
delivering up to 600mA of load current.
The AAT2550 is available in a Pb-free, space-saving,
thermally-enhanced QFN44-24 package and is rated
over the -40°C to +85°C temperature range.
Applications
•
•
•
•
•
Cellular Telephones
Digital Cameras
Handheld Instruments
MP3, Portable Music, and Portable Media Players
PDAs and Handheld Computers
Typical Application
Battery Pack
ADP
Adapter
BAT
Batt+
AAT2550
TS
STAT1
STAT2
Serial Interface
Batt-
CT
DATA
ADPSET
RSET
Temp
LXA
ENBAT
V OUTA
COUTA
INA
FBA
INB
LXB
Li-Ion Battery or
Adapter
VOUTB
COUTB
ENA
FBB
ENB
GND
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
202174B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • March 19, 2013
1
DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
Pin Descriptions
Pin #
Symbol
1
ENA
2
LXA
3, 17
PGND
4
5, 7
DATA
N/C
6
ADPSET
8
9
10, 11, 22
BAT
ADP
AGND
12
ENBAT
13
14
15
TS
STAT2
STAT1
16
CT
18
LXB
19
ENB
20
INB
21
FBB
23
FBA
24
EP
INA
Function
Enable pin for Converter A. When connected to logic low, it disables the step-down converter and consumes less than 1μA of current. When connected to logic high, the converter operates normally.
Power switching node for Converter A. Connect the inductor to this pin. Internally, it is connected to the
drain of both high- and low-side MOSFETs.
Power ground. Connect the PGND pins together as close to the IC as possible. Connect AGND to PGND at a
single point as close to the IC as possible.
Status report to the microcontroller via serial interface (open drain).
Not connected.
Charge current set point. Connect a resistor from this pin to ground. Refer to Typical Characteristics curves
for resistor selection.
Battery charging and sensing. Connect the positive terminal of the battery to BAT.
Input for adapter charger.
Analog signal ground. Connect AGND to PGND at a single point as close to the IC as possible.
Enable pin for the battery charger. When connected to logic low, the battery charger is disabled and consumes less than 1μA of current. When connected to logic high, the charger operates normally.
Temperature sense input. Connect to a 10k NTC thermistor.
Battery charge status indicator pin to drive an LED. It is an open drain input.
Battery charge status indicator pin to drive an LED. It is an open drain input.
Timing capacitor to adjust internal watchdog timer. Sets maximum charge time for adapter powered
trickle, constant current, and constant voltage charge modes.
Power switching node for Converter B. Connect the inductor to this pin. Internally, it is connected to the
drain of both high- and low-side MOSFETs.
Enable pin for Converter B. When connected to logic low, it disables the step-down converter and consumes less than 1μA of current. When connected to logic high, the converter operates normally.
Input voltage for Converter B.
Output voltage feedback input for Converter B. FBB senses the output voltage B for regulation control. The
FBB regulation threshold is 0.6V. A resistive voltage divider is connected to the output B, FBB, and AGND.
Output voltage feedback input for Converter A. FBA senses the output voltage A for regulation control. The
FBA regulation threshold is 0.6V. A resistive voltage divider is connected to the output A, FBA, and AGND.
Input voltage for Converter A.
Exposed paddle; connect to ground directly beneath the package.
Pin Configuration
QFN44-24
(Top View)
ENB
INB
FBB
AGND
FBA
INA
19
20
21
22
23
24
ENA
LXA
PGND
DATA
N/C
ADPSET
1
18
2
17
3
16
4
15
5
14
6
13
LXB
PGND
CT
STAT1
STAT2
TS
12
11
9
10
8
7
ENBAT
AGND
AGND
ADP
BAT
N/C
2
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
202174B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • March 19, 2013
DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
Absolute Maximum Ratings1
Symbol
VINA/B, VADP
VLXA/B, VFBA/B
VX
TJ
TLEAD
Description
INA, INB, and ADP Voltages to GND
VLXA, VLXB, VFBA, and VFBB to GND
Voltage on All Other Pins to GND
Operating Junction Temperature Range
Maximum Soldering Temperature (at leads, 10 sec)
Value
Units
-0.3 to 6.0
-0.3 to VINA/B, VADP + 0.3
-0.3 to 6.0
-40 to 150
300
V
V
V
°C
°C
Value
Units
2.0
50
W
°C/W
Thermal Information
Symbol
PD
JA
Description
Maximum Power Dissipation
Thermal Resistance2
1. Stresses above those listed in Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage to the device. Functional operation at conditions other than the operating conditions
specified is not implied. Only one Absolute Maximum Rating should be applied at any one time.
2. Mounted on an FR4 printed circuit board.
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
202174B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • March 19, 2013
3
DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
Electrical Characteristics1
VIN = 3.6V; TA = -40°C to +85°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA = 25°C.
Symbol
Description
Conditions
Step-Down Converters A and B
Input Voltage
VIN
VUVLO
VOUT
VOUT
IOUT
IQ
ISHDN
ILIM
ILX_LEAK
IFB_LEAK
RFB
VFB
RDS(ON)H
RDS(ON)L
VLineReg
FOSC
TSD
THYS
VEN(L)
VEN(H)
IEN
Under-Voltage Lockout Threshold
Output Voltage Tolerance
Output Voltage Range
Output Current
Quiescent Current
Shutdown Current
P-Channel Current Limit
LX Leakage Current
Feedback Leakage
FB Impedance
Feedback Threshold Voltage Accuracy
(0.6V Adjustable Version)
High-Side Switch On Resistance
Low-Side Switch On Resistance
Line Regulation
Switching Frequency
Over-Temperature Shutdown Threshold
Over-Temperature Shutdown Hysteresis
Enable Threshold Low
Enable Threshold High
Input Low Current
Min
Typ
2.7
VIN Rising
Hysteresis
VIN Falling
IOUT = 0 to 600mA, VIN = 2.7V to 5.5V
Per Converter
Each Converter
VENA = VENB = GND
Each Converter
VIN = 5.5V, VLX = 0 to VIN, VENA = VENB = GND
VFB = 0.6V
VOUT > 0.6V
No Load, TA = 25°C
Max
Units
5.5
2.7
V
V
mV
V
%
V
mA
μA
μA
A
μA
μA
k
100
1.8
-3.0
0.6
27
0.8
3.0
VIN
600
70
1.0
1.0
1.0
0.2
250
0.591
0.6
0.609
0.45
0.40
0.1
1.4
140
15
VIN = 2.7V to 5.5V
0.6
VIN = VFB = 5.5V
1.4
-1.0
1.0
V


%/V
MHz
°C
°C
V
V
μA
1. The AAT2550 is guaranteed to meet performance specifications over the -40°C to +85°C operating temperature range and is assured by design, characterization, and correlation with statistical process controls.
4
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
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DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
Electrical Characteristics1 (continued)
VADP = 5V; TA = -40°C to +85°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA = 25°C.
Symbol
Description
Battery Charger
VADP
Adapter Voltage Range
Under-Voltage Lockout
VUVLO
UVLO Hysteresis
IQ
Quiescent Current
ISLEEP
Sleep Mode Current
ILEAKAGE
Reverse Leakage Current
ISHDN
Shutdown Current
VBAT_EOC2
End of Charge Voltage Accuracy
VCH/VCH
Output Charge Voltage Tolerance
VMIN
Preconditioning Voltage Threshold
VRCH
Battery Recharge Voltage Threshold
ICH
Charge Current
ICH/ICH
Charge Current Regulation Tolerance
VADPSET
ADPSET Pin Voltage
KIA
Current Set Factor: ICH/IADPSET
Charger Pass Device
RDS(ON)
TC
Constant Current Mode Time-Out
TP
Preconditioning Time-Out
TV
Constant Voltage Mode Time-Out
VSTAT
Output Low Voltage
ISTAT
STAT Sink Current
VOVP
Over-Voltage Protection
ITK/ICH
Preconditioning (Trickle Charge) Current
ITERM/ICH
Charge Termination Threshold Current
ITS
Current Source from TS Pin
TS1
TS Hot Temperature Fault
TS2
TS Cold Temperature Fault
IDATA
VDATA(H)
VDATA(L)
SQPULSE
TPeriod
FDATA
TREG
TLOOP_IN
TLOOP_OUT
TSD
DATA Pin Sink Current
Input High Threshold
Input Low Threshold
Status Request Pulse Width
System Clock Period
Data Output Frequency
Thermal Loop Regulation
Thermal Loop Entering Threshold
Thermal Loop Exiting Threshold
Over-Temperature Shutdown Threshold
Conditions
Min
Typ
4.0
Rising Edge
3.0
150
0.75
0.3
1.0
ICHARGE = 100mA
VBAT = 4.25V
VBAT = 4V, ADP Pin Open
VEN = GND
4.158
2.80
4.2
0.5
3.0
VBAT_EOC - 0.1
100
Constant Current Mode
VIN = 5.5V
CT = 100nF, VADP = 5.5V
CT = 100nF, VADP = 5.5V
CT = 100nF, VADP = 5.5V
ISINK = 4mA
Threshold
Hysteresis
Threshold
Hysteresis
DATA Pin is Active Low
0.20
Max
Units
5.5
V
V
mV
mA
μA
μA
μA
V
%
V
V
mA
%
V
3.0
1.0
1.0
4.242
3.15
1000
10
2.0
4000
0.25
3.0
25
3.0
0.35
0.4
70
310
2.2
8.0
4.4
10
7.5
80
330
15
2.3
10
90
350
2.4
3.0
1.6
0.4
200
50
20
90
110
85
145

Hour
Minute
Hour
V
mA
V
%
%
μA
mV
V
mV
mA
V
V
ns
μs
kHz
°C
°C
°C
°C
1. The AAT2550 is guaranteed to meet performance specifications over the -40°C to +85°C operating temperature range and is assured by design, characterization, and correlation with statistical process controls.
2. End of Charge Voltage Accuracy is specified over the 0° to 70°C ambient temperature range.
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
202174B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • March 19, 2013
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DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
Typical Characteristics — Step-Down Converter
Efficiency vs. Load
DC Regulation
(VOUT = 1.8V; L = 4.7μ
μH)
(VOUT = 1.8V)
1.0
100
Efficiency (%)
80
VIN = 3.6V
Output Error (%)
VIN = 2.7V
90
VIN = 4.2V
70
60
0.5
VIN = 4.2V
0.0
VIN = 3.6V
-0.5
VIN = 2.7V
50
0.1
1
10
100
-1.0
0.1
1000
1
10
100
Output Current (mA)
Output Current (mA)
Efficiency vs. Load
DC Regulation
(VOUT = 2.5V; L = 6.8μ
μH)
(VOUT = 2.5V)
100
1.0
VIN = 2.7V
VIN = 4.2V
Output Error (%)
90
Efficiency (%)
1000
VIN = 5.0V
80
VIN = 4.2V
70
VIN = 3.6V
60
0.5
VIN = 5.0V
0.0
VIN = 3.6V
-0.5
VIN = 3.0V
50
0.1
-1.0
1
10
100
1000
0.1
1
Output Current (mA)
(VOUT = 3.3V; L = 6.8µH)
100
1.0
VIN = 3.6V
VIN = 5.0V
Output Error (%)
90
Efficiency (%)
1000
DC Regulation
(VOUT = 3.3V; L = 6.8μ
μH)
VIN = 4.2V
80
VIN = 5.0V
70
60
0.5
VIN = 4.2V
0.0
-0.5
VIN = 3.6V
-1.0
1
10
Output Current (mA)
6
100
Output Current (mA)
Efficiency vs. Load
50
0.1
10
100
1000
0.1
1
10
100
Output Current (mA)
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
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1000
DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
Typical Characteristics — Step-Down Converter (continued)
Soft Start
Line Regulation
(VOUT = 1.8V)
0.40
5.0
VEN
0.30
VO
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0
0.6
0.4
0.2
IL
0.0
Accuracy (%)
4.0
Inductor Current
(bottom) (A)
Enable and Output Voltage
(top) (V)
(VIN = 3.6V; VOUT = 1.8V; IOUT = 400mA)
IOUT = 10mA
0.20
0.10
0.00
-0.10
IOUT = 1mA
IOUT = 400mA
-0.20
-0.30
-0.2
-0.40
-0.4
2.5
3.0
3.5
μs/div)
Time (100μ
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
Input Voltage (V)
Output Voltage Error vs. Temperature
Switching Frequency vs. Temperature
(VIN = 3.6V; VO = 1.8V; IOUT = 400mA)
(VIN = 3.6V; VOUT = 1.8V)
2.0
15.0
9.0
1.0
Variation (%)
Output Error (%)
12.0
0.0
-1.0
6.0
3.0
0.0
-3.0
-6.0
-9.0
-12.0
-2.0
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
-15.0
-40
100
-20
0
Temperature (°°C)
40
60
80
100
Temperature (°°C)
Frequency vs. Input Voltage
No Load Quiescent Current vs. Input Voltage
2.0
50
1.0
Supply Current (μ
μA)
Frequency Variation (%)
20
VOUT = 1.8V
0.0
-1.0
VOUT = 2.5V
VOUT = 3.3V
-2.0
-3.0
45
40
35
25°C
85°C
30
25
20
15
-40°C
10
-4.0
2.7
3.1
3.5
3.9
4.3
Input Voltage (V)
4.7
5.1
5.5
2.7
3.1
3.5
3.9
4.3
4.7
5.1
5.5
Input Voltage (V)
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
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DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
Typical Characteristics — Step-Down Converter (continued)
P-Channel RDS(ON) vs. Input Voltage
750
750
700
700
120°C
650
100°C
RDS(ON)L (mΩ
Ω)
650
RDS(ON)H (mΩ
Ω)
N-Channel RDS(ON) vs. Input Voltage
600
550
85°C
500
450
25°C
400
120°C
550
500
85°C
450
400
25°C
350
350
300
300
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
2.5
6.0
3.0
Input Voltage (V)
(300mA to 400mA; VIN = 3.6V;
VOUT = 1.8V; COUT = 4.7µF)
300mA
1mA
IL
1.90
1.85
Output Voltage
(top) (V)
Output Voltage
(top) (V)
IO
VO
1.80
1.75
IO
400mA
300mA
0.4
0.3
IL
0.2
0.1
Time (50µs/div)
Load Transient Response
Load Transient Response
(300mA to 400mA; VIN = 3.6V;
VOUT = 1.8V; COUT = 10µF)
(300mA to 400mA; VIN = 3.6V; VOUT = 1.8V;
COUT = 10µF; CFF = 100pF)
300mA
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
Time (50µs/div)
1.825
Output Voltage
(top) (V)
400mA
1.850
VO
1.800
1.775
IO
400mA
300mA
0.4
0.3
IL
0.2
0.1
Time (50µs/div)
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
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Load and Inductor Current
(100mA/div) (bottom)
1.80
Load and Inductor Current
(100mA/div) (bottom)
VO
IL
6.0
Time (50µs/div)
1.90
IO
5.5
Load and Inductor Current
(100mA/div) (bottom)
VO
0
Output Voltage
(top) (V)
5.0
Load Transient Response
1.7
1.75
4.5
Load Transient Response
1.8
1.85
4.0
Input Voltage (V)
Load and Inductor Current
(200mA/div) (bottom)
1.9
3.5
(1mA to 300mA; VIN = 3.6V; VOUT = 1.8V;
COUT = 10µF; CFF = 100pF)
2.0
8
100°C
600
DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
Typical Characteristics — Step-Down Converter (continued)
Output Ripple
(VIN = 3.6V; VOUT = 1.8V; IOUT = 1mA)
1.82
Output Voltage
(top) (V)
4.5
4.0
Input Voltage
(bottom) (V)
1.80
3.5
3.0
40
20
VO
0
0.15
-20
0.10
0.05
IL
0.00
Inductor Current
(bottom) (A)
1.81
Output Voltage (AC coupled)
(top) (mV)
Line Response
(VOUT = 1.8V @ 400mA)
-0.05
-0.10
Time (10µs/div)
Time (25µs/div)
Output Ripple
40
20
VO
0
0.6
-20
0.5
0.4
0.3
IL
Inductor Current
(bottom) (A)
Output Voltage (AC coupled)
(top) (mV)
(VIN = 3.6V; VOUT = 1.8V; IOUT = 400mA)
0.2
0.1
Time (500ns/div)
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
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9
DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
Typical Characteristics — Battery Charger
Constant Charging Current vs. RSET
Battery Voltage vs. Supply Voltage
4.242
10000
VBAT (V)
ICH (mA)
4.221
1000
4.200
100
4.179
4.158
10
1
10
4.5
100
4.75
RSET (kΩ
Ω)
5.0
5.25
5.5
Supply Voltage (V)
End of Charge Voltage Regulation
vs. Temperature
Preconditioning Threshold
Voltage vs. Temperature
4.242
3.05
3.04
3.03
3.02
VMIN (V)
VBAT_EOC (V)
4.221
4.200
3.01
3.00
2.99
2.98
4.179
2.97
2.96
4.158
-50
2.95
-25
0
25
50
75
-50
100
-25
Temperature (°°C)
0
25
50
75
100
Temperature (°°C)
Preconditioning Current vs. Temperature
Constant Charging Current vs. Temperature
(ADPSET = 8.06kΩ
Ω)
(ADPSET = 8.06kΩ
Ω)
1100
120
1080
1060
1040
ICH (mA)
ITK (mA)
110
100
1020
1000
980
960
90
940
920
80
-50
900
-25
0
25
50
Temperature (°C)
10
75
100
-50
-25
0
25
50
Temperature (°C)
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
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75
100
DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
Typical Characteristics — Battery Charger (continued)
Charging Current vs. Battery Voltage
Constant Charging Current vs. Input Voltage
(ADPSET = 8.06kΩ
Ω; VIN = 5.0V)
(ADPSET = 8.06kΩ
Ω)
1.2
1200
1.0
1000
0.8
800
ICH (mA)
ICH (A)
VBAT = 3.3V
0.6
0.4
VBAT = 3.9V
600
VBAT = 3.5V
400
200
0.2
0
0.0
2.5
2.9
3.3
3.7
4.1
4.5
4.5
4.75
5.0
Battery Voltage (V)
5.75
6.0
VIL vs. Input Voltage
EN Pin (Falling)
1.4
1.4
1.3
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.1
1.1
-40°C
1.0
+25°C
VIH (V)
VIH (V)
5.5
Input Voltage (V)
VIH vs. Input Voltage
EN Pin (Rising)
0.9
0.8
0.7
-40°C
1.0
+25°C
0.9
0.8
0.7
+85°C
0.6
0.6
+85°C
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.4
4.2
4.4
4.6
4.8
5.0
5.2
5.4
5.6
5.8
6.0
4.2
4.4
4.6
4.8
Input Voltage (V)
5.4
5.6
5.8
6.0
(CT = 0.1μ
μF)
8
Counter Timeout (%)
10
0.70
0.60
Constant Current
0.40
0.30
0.20
5.2
Counter Timeout vs. Temperature
0.80
0.50
5.0
Input Voltage (V)
Adapter Mode Supply Current
vs. ADPSET Resistor
IQ (mA)
5.25
Pre-Conditioning
0.10
6
4
2
0
-2
-4
-6
-8
0.00
1
10
100
ADPSET Resistor (kΩ
Ω)
1000
-10
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
100
Temperature (°C)
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DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
Typical Characteristics — Battery Charger (continued)
CT Pin Capacitance vs. Counter Timeout
Temperature Sense Output Current
vs. Temperature
2.0
88
TS Pin Current (μA)
Capacitance (μ
μF)
1.8
1.6
1.4
Precondition Timeout
1.2
1.0
0.8
Precondition + Constant Current Timeout
or Constant Voltage Timeout
0.6
0.4
0.2
84
82
80
78
76
74
72
0.0
0
2
4
6
Time (hours)
12
86
8
10
-50
-25
0
25
50
Temperature (°°C)
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100
DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
Functional Block Diagram
Reverse Blocking
BAT
ADP
Current
Compare
ADPSET
OTP
UVLO
4.2V
Constant
Current
ENBAT
STAT2
Charge
Control
CV/PreCharge
Charge
Status
STAT1
Watchdog
Timer
80μA
Window
Comparator
CT
TS
INA
FBA
Err.
Amp.
DH
LXA
Logic
Voltage
Reference
Control
Logic
ENA
DL
PGND
INB
FBB
Err.
Amp.
DH
ENB
LXB
Logic
Voltage
Reference
Control
Logic
DL
PGND
Functional Description
Battery Charger
The AAT2550 is a highly integrated power management
IC comprised of a battery charger and two step-down
voltage converters. The battery charger is designed for
charging single-cell lithium-ion / polymer batteries.
Featuring an integrated pass device and reverse blocking, it offers a constant current / constant voltage charge
algorithm with a user-programmable charge current
level. The two step-down converters have been designed
to minimize external component size and maximize efficiency over the entire load range. Each converter has
independent enable and input voltage pins and can provide 600mA of load current.
The battery charger is designed to operate with standard
AC adapter input sources, while requiring a minimum
number of external components. It precisely regulates
charge voltage and current for single-cell lithium-ion /
polymer batteries.
The adapter charge input constant current level may be
programmed up to 1A for rapid charging applications.
The battery charger features thermal loop charge reduction. In the event of operating ambient temperatures
exceeding the power dissipation abilities of the device
package for a given constant current charge level, the
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DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
charge control will enter into thermal regulation. When
the system thermal regulation becomes active, the programmed constant current charge amplitude will automatically decrease to a safe level for the present operating conditions. If the ambient temperature drops to a
level sufficient to allow the device to come out of thermal
regulation, then the system will automatically resume
charging at the full programmed constant current level.
This intelligent thermal management system permits the
battery charger to operate and charge a battery cell
safely over a wide range of ambient conditions, while
maximizing the greatest possible charge current and
minimizing the battery charge time for a given set of
conditions.
Status monitor output pins are provided to indicate the
battery charge state by directly driving two external
LEDs. A serial interface output is also available to report
any one of 12 distinct charge states to the host system
microcontroller / microprocessor. Battery temperature
and charge state are fully monitored for fault conditions.
In the event of an over-voltage or over-temperature
condition, the device will automatically shut down, protecting the charging device, control system, and the battery under charge. In addition to internal charge controller thermal protection, the charger also offers a temperature sense feedback function (TS pin) from the
battery to shut down the device in the event the battery
exceeds its own thermal limit during charging. All fault
events are reported to the user either by simple status
LEDs or via the DATA pin function.
Preconditioning
Trickle Charge
Phase
Charging Operation
As shown in Figure 1, there are three basic phases for
the battery charge cycle:
1. Pre-conditioning / trickle charge
2. Constant current / fast charge
3. Constant voltage charge
Battery Preconditioning
Before the start of charging, the charger checks several
conditions in order to assure a safe charging environment. The input supply must be above the minimum
operating voltage, or under-voltage lockout threshold
(VUVLO), for the charging sequence to begin. Also, the
battery temperature, as reported by a thermistor connected to the TS pin from the battery, must be within the
proper window for safe charging. When these conditions
have been met and a battery is connected to the BAT
pin, the charger checks the state of the battery. If the
battery voltage is below the preconditioning voltage
threshold (VMIN), then the charge control begins preconditioning the battery. The preconditioning trickle charge
current is equal to the fast charge constant current
divided by 10. For example, if the programmed fast
charge current is 1A, then the preconditioning mode
(trickle charge) current will be 100mA. Battery preconditioning is a safety precaution for deeply discharged
batteries and also helps to limit power dissipation in the
pass transistor when the voltage across the device is at
the greatest potential.
Constant Current
Charge Phase
Constant Voltage
Charge Phase
Charge Complete Voltage
I = Max CC
Regulated Current
Constant Current Mode
Voltage Threshold
Trickle Charge and
Termination Threshold
I = CC / 10
Figure 1: Typical Charge Profile.
14
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DATA SHEET
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Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
Fast Charge/Constant Current Charging
Battery preconditioning continues until the voltage on
the BAT pin exceeds the preconditioning voltage threshold (VMIN). At this point, the charger begins the constant
current fast charging phase. The fast charge constant
current (ICH) amplitude is programmed by the user via
the RSET resistor. The charger remains in the constant
current charge mode until the battery reaches the voltage regulation threshold, VBAT_EOC.
Constant Voltage Charging
The system transitions to a constant voltage charging
mode when the battery voltage reaches the output
charge regulation threshold (VBAT_EOC) during the constant current fast charge phase. The regulation voltage
level is factory programmed to 4.2V (±1%). The charge
current in the constant voltage mode drops as the battery under charge reaches its maximum capacity.
End of Charge Cycle
Termination and Recharge Sequence
When the charge current drops to 7.5% of the programmed fast charge current level in the constant voltage mode, the device terminates charging and goes into
a sleep state. The charger will remain in a sleep state
until the battery voltage decreases to a level below the
battery recharge voltage threshold (VRCH). When the
input supply is disconnected, the charger will automatically transition into a power-saving sleep mode.
Consuming only an ultra-low 0.3μA in sleep mode, the
charger minimizes battery drain when it is not charging.
This feature is particularly useful in applications where
the input supply level may fall below the battery charge
or under-voltage lockout level. In such cases where the
input voltage drops, the device will enter sleep mode
and resume charging automatically once the input supply has recovered from the fault condition.
Step-Down Converters
The AAT2550 offers two high-performance, 600mA,
1.4MHz step-down converters. Both converters minimize
external component size and optimize efficiency over the
entire load range. Both converters can be programmed
with external feedback resistors to any voltage ranging
from 0.6V to the input voltage. At dropout, the converter duty cycle increases to 100% and the output voltage tracks the input voltage minus the RDS(ON) drop of the
P-channel MOSFET.
Input voltage range is 2.7V to 5.5V and each converter’s
efficiency has been optimized for all load conditions,
ranging from no load to 600mA. The internal error
amplifier and compensation provides excellent transient
response, load regulation, and line regulation. Soft start
eliminates output voltage overshoot when the enable or
the input voltage is applied.
Soft Start / Enable
The internal soft start limits the inrush current during
start-up. This prevents possible sagging of the input
voltage and eliminates output voltage overshoot. Typical
start-up time for a 4.7μF output capacitor and load current of 600mA is 100μs.
The AAT2550 offers independent enable pins for each
converter. When connected to logic low, the enable
input forces the respective step-down converter into a
low-power, non-switching, shutdown state. The total
input current during shutdown is less than 1μA for each
channel.
Current Limit and
Over-Temperature Protection
For overload conditions, the peak input current is limited. To minimize power dissipation and stresses under
current limit and short-circuit conditions, switching is
terminated after entering current limit for a series of
pulses. Switching is terminated for seven consecutive
clock cycles after a current limit has been sensed for a
series of four consecutive clock cycles.
Thermal protection completely disables switching when
internal dissipation becomes excessive. The junction
over-temperature threshold is 140°C with 15°C of hysteresis. Once an over-temperature or over-current fault
conditions is removed, the output voltage automatically
recovers.
Under-Voltage Lockout
The under-voltage lockout circuit prevents the device from
improper operation at low input voltages. Internal bias of
all circuits is controlled via the VIN input. Under-voltage
lockout (UVLO) guarantees sufficient VIN bias and proper
operation of all internal circuitry prior to activation.
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DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
System Operation Flow Chart
Yes
No
No
Enable
No
Timing
Yes
Yes
Yes
Expire
No
No
Yes
Set
No
No
Yes
BAT_EOC
No
Yes
TERM
No
16
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DATA SHEET
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Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
Application Information
AC Adapter Power Charging
The adapter constant current charge levels can be programmed up to 1A. The AAT2550 will operate from the
adapter input over a 4.0V to 5.5V range.
The constant current fast charge current for the adapter
input mode is set by the RSET resistor connected between
the ADPSET and ground. Refer to Table 1 for recommended RSET values for a desired constant current charge level.
The precise charging function in the adapter mode may be
read from the DATA pin and/or status LEDs. Please refer
to the Battery Charge Status Indication discussion in this
datasheet for further details on data reporting.
Thermal Loop Control
Due to the integrated nature of the linear charging control pass device, a special thermal loop control system
has been employed to maximize charging current under
all operation conditions. The thermal management system measures the internal circuit die temperature and
reduces the fast charge current when the device exceeds
a preset internal temperature control threshold. Once
the thermal loop control becomes active, the fast charge
current is initially reduced by a factor of 0.44.
The initial thermal loop current can be estimated by the
following equation:
ITLOOP = ICH · 0.44
The thermal loop control re-evaluates the circuit die temperature every three seconds and adjusts the fast charge
current back up in small steps to the full fast charge current level or until an equilibrium current is discovered and
maximized for the given ambient temperature condition.
The thermal loop controls the system charge level; therefore, the AAT2550 will always provide the highest level of
constant current possible in the fast charge mode for any
given ambient temperature condition.
Adapter Input Charge Inhibit and Resume
The AAT2550 has an under-voltage lockout and power on
reset feature so that the charger will suspend charging
and shut down if the input supply to the adapter pin
drops below the UVLO threshold. When power is reapplied to the adapter pin or the UVLO condition recovers and ADP > VBAT, the system charge control will assess
the state of charge on the battery cell and will automatically resume charging in the appropriate mode for
the condition of the battery.
ICH
ADP RSET (k)
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
84.5
43.2
28.0
21.0
16.9
13.3
11.5
10.2
9.09
8.06
Table 1: Resistor Values.
Enable / Disable
The AAT2550 provides an enable function to control the
charger IC on and off. The enable (ENBAT) pin is active
high. When pulled to a logic low level, the AAT2550 will
be shut down and forced into the sleep state. Charging
will be halted regardless of the battery voltage or charging state. When the device is re-enabled, the charge
control circuit will automatically reset and resume charging functions with the appropriate charging mode based
on the battery charge state and measured cell voltage.
Programming Charge Current
The fast charge constant current charge level is programmed with a resistor placed between the ADPSET pin
and ground. The accuracy of the fast charge, as well as
the preconditioning trickle charge current, is dominated
by the tolerance of the set resistor used. For this reason,
1% tolerance metal film resistors are recommended for
the set resistor function.
Fast charge constant current levels from 100mA to 1A
can be set by selecting the appropriate resistor value
from Table 1. The RSET resistor should be connected
between the ADPSET pin and ground.
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DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
timing capacitor should be physically located on the
printed circuit board layout as closely as possible to the
CT pin. Since the accuracy of the internal timer is dominated by the capacitance value, 10% tolerance or better
ceramic capacitors are recommended. Ceramic capacitor
materials, such as X7R and X5R type, are a good choice
for this application.
ICH (mA)
10000
1000
ADP
100
Over-Voltage Protection
10
1
10
100
RSET (kΩ
Ω)
Figure 2: Constant Charging Current vs. RSET.
Protection Circuitry
Programmable Watchdog Timer
The AAT2550 contains a watchdog timing circuit for the
adapter input charging mode. Typically, a 0.1μF ceramic
capacitor is connected between the CT pin and ground.
When a 0.1μF ceramic capacitor is used, the device will
time a shutdown condition if the trickle charge mode
exceeds 25 minutes and a combined trickle charge plus
fast charge mode of three hours. When the device transitions to the constant voltage mode, the timing counter
is reset and will time out after three hours and shut
down the charger (see Table 2).
Mode
Time
Trickle Charge (TC) Time Out
Trickle Charge (TC) + Constant Current (CC)
Mode Time Out
Constant Voltage (VC) Mode Time Out
25 minutes
3 hours
3 hours
Table 2: Summary for a 0.1μF Used for the
Timing Capacitor.
The CT pin is driven by a constant current source and
will provide a linear response to increases in the timing
capacitor value. Thus, if the timing capacitor were to be
doubled from the nominal 0.1μF value, the time-out
durations would be doubled.
If the programmable watchdog timer function is not needed, it can be disabled by connecting the CT pin to ground.
The CT pin should not be left floating or un-terminated, as
this will cause errors in the internal timing control circuit.
The constant current provided to charge the timing
capacitor is very small, and this pin is susceptible to
noise and changes in capacitance value. Therefore, the
18
An over-voltage event is defined as a condition where
the voltage on the BAT pin exceeds the maximum battery charge voltage and is set by the over-voltage protection threshold (VOVP). If an over-voltage condition
occurs, the AAT2550 charge control will shut down the
device until voltage on the BAT pin drops below the overvoltage protection threshold (VOVP). The AAT2550 will
resume normal charging operation after the over-voltage condition is removed. During an over-voltage event,
the STAT LEDs will report a system fault, and the actual
fault condition may be read via the DATA pin signal.
Over-Temperature Shutdown
The AAT2550 has a thermal protection control circuit
which will shut down charging functions should the internal die temperature exceed the preset thermal limit
threshold.
Battery Temperature Fault Monitoring
In the event of a battery over-temperature condition,
the charge control will turn off the internal pass device
and report a battery temperature fault on the DATA pin
function. The STAT LEDs will also display a system fault.
After the system recovers from a temperature fault, the
device will resume charging operation.
The AAT2550 checks battery temperature before starting the charge cycle, as well as during all stages of
charging. This is accomplished by monitoring the voltage
at the TS pin. This system is intended to use negative
temperature coefficient thermistors (NTC), which are
typically integrated into the battery package. Most of the
commonly used NTC thermistors in battery packs are
approximately 10k at room temperature (25°C).
The TS pin has been specifically designed to source 80μA
of current to the thermistor. The voltage on the TS pin
that results from the resistive load should stay within a
window from 330mV to 2.3V. If the battery becomes too
hot during charging due to an internal fault, the thermistor will heat up and reduce in value, pulling the TS pin
voltage lower than the TS1 threshold, and the AAT2550
will signal the fault condition.
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DATA SHEET
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Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
If the use of the TS pin function is not required by the
system, it should be terminated to ground with a 10k
resistor.
Note: Red LED forward voltage (VF) is typically 2.0V @
2mA. Green LED forward voltage (VF) is typically 3.2V @
2mA.
Battery Charge Status Indication
The four status LED display conditions are described in
Table 3.
The AAT2550 indicates the status of the battery under
charge with two different systems. First, the device has
two status LED driver outputs. These two LEDs can indicate simple functions such as no battery charge activity,
battery charging, charge complete, and charge fault. The
AAT2550 also provides a bi-directional data reporting
function so that a system microcontroller can interrogate
the DATA pin and read any one of 13 system states.
Event Description
STAT1
STAT2
Charge Disabled or Low Supply
Charge Enabled Without Battery
Battery Charging
Charge Completed
Fault
Off
Flash1
On
Off
On
Off
Flash1
Off
On
On
Table 3: Status LED Display Conditions.
Status Indicator Display
Simple system charging status states can be displayed
using one or two LEDs in conjunction with the STAT1 and
STAT2 pins on the AAT2550. These two pins are simple
switches to connect the LED cathodes to ground. It is not
necessary to use both display LEDs if a user simply
wants to have a single lamp to show “charging” or “not
charging.” This can be accomplished by using the STAT1
pin and a single LED. Using two LEDs and both STAT pins
simply gives the user more information to the charging
states. Refer to Table 3 for LED display definitions.
The LED anodes should be connected to ADP. The LEDs
should be biased with as little current as necessary to
create reasonable illumination; therefore, a ballast resistor should be placed between the LED cathodes and the
STAT1/2 pins. LED current consumption will add to the
overall thermal power budget for the device package, so
it is wise to keep the LED drive current to a minimum.
2mA should be sufficient to drive most low-cost green or
red LEDs. It is not recommended to exceed 8mA for driving an individual status LED.
The required ballast resistor value can be estimated
using the following formulas:
For connection to the adapter supply:
RB(STAT1/2) =
VADP - VF(LED)
ILED(STAT1/2)
Example:
Digital Charge Status Reporting
The AAT2550 has a comprehensive digital data reporting
system by use of the DATA pin feature. This function can
provide detailed information regarding the status of the
charging system. The DATA pin is a bi-directional port
which will read back a series of data pulses when the
system microcontroller asserts a request pulse. This single strobe request protocol will invoke one of 13 possible
return pulse counts which the microcontroller can look up
based on the serial report table shown in Table 4.
Number
DATA Report Status
1
2
3
4
Chip Over-Temperature Shutdown
Battery Temperature Fault
Over-Voltage Turn Off
Not Used
ADP Watchdog Time-Out in
Battery Condition Mode
ADP Battery Condition Mode
ADP Watchdog Time-Out in
Constant Current Mode
ADP Thermal Loop Regulation in
Constant Current Mode
ADP Constant Current Mode
ADP Watchdog Time-Out in
Constant Voltage Mode
ADP Constant Voltage Mode
ADP End of Charging
Data Report Error
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
23
Table 4: Serial Data Report Table.
RB(STAT1) =
5.5V - 2.0V
= 1.75kΩ
2mA
1. Flashing rate depends on output capacitance.
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DATA SHEET
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Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
The DATA pin function is active low and should normally
be pulled high to VADP. This data line may also be pulled
high to the same level as the high state for the logic I/O
port on the system microcontroller. In order for the DATA
pin control circuit to generate clean, sharp edges for the
data output and to maintain the integrity of the data timing for the system, the pull-up resistor on the data line
should be low enough in value so that the DATA signal
returns to the high state without delay. If too small a
pull-up resistor is used, the strobe pulse from the system
microcontroller could exceed the maximum pulse time
and the DATA output control could issue false status
reports. A 1.5k resistor is recommended when pulling
the DATA pin high to 5.0V. If the data line is pulled high
to a voltage level less than 5.0V, the pull-up resistor can
be calculated based on a recommended minimum pull-up
current of 3mA. Use the following formula:
RPULL-UP ≤
VPULL-UP
3mA
Data Timing
The system microcontroller should assert an active low
data request pulse for minimum duration of 200ns; this is
specified by the SQPULSE. Upon sensing the rising edge of the
end of the data request pulse, the AAT2550 status data
control will reply the data word back to the system microcontroller after a delay defined by the data report time
specification TDATA(RPT). The period of the following group of
data pulses will be defined by the TDATA specification.
1.8V to 5.0V
IN
RPULL_UP
AAT2550
Status
Control
IN
DATA Pin
GPIO
OUT
OUT
μP GPIO
Port
Figure 3: Data Pin Application Circuit.
Timing Diagram
SQ
SQPULSE
PDATA
System Reset
System Start
CK
TSYNC
Data
20
TLAT
TDATA(RPT) = TSYNC + TLAT < 2.5 PDATA
TOFF > 2 PDATA
TOFF
N=1
N=2
N=3
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DATA SHEET
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Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
Capacitor Selection
can also be added to the external feedback with a 10μF
output capacitor for improved transient response (see
C10 and C11 in Figure 4).
Input Capacitor
In general, it is good design practice to place a decoupling capacitor between the ADP pin and ground. An
input capacitor in the range of 1μF to 22μF is recommended. If the source supply is unregulated, it may be
necessary to increase the capacitance to keep the input
voltage above the under-voltage lockout threshold during
device enable and when battery charging is initiated.
At dropout, the converter duty cycle increases to 100%
and the output voltage tracks the input voltage minus
the RDS(ON) drop of the P-channel high-side MOSFET.
If the AAT2550 adapter input is to be used in a system
with an external power supply source, such as a typical
AC-to-DC wall adapter, then a CIN capacitor in the range
of 10μF should be used. A larger input capacitor in this
application will minimize switching or power bounce
effects when the power supply is “hot plugged.”
The internal error amplifier and compensation provides
excellent transient response, load, and line regulation.
Soft start eliminates any output voltage overshoot when
the enable or the input voltage is applied.
Output Capacitor
The AAT2550 only requires a 1μF ceramic capacitor on
the BAT pin to maintain circuit stability. This value should
be increased to 10μF or more if the battery connection is
made any distance from the charger output. If the
AAT2550 is to be used in applications where the battery
can be removed from the charger, such as in the case of
desktop charging cradles, an output capacitor greater
than 10μF may be required to prevent the device from
cycling on and off when no battery is present.
Step-Down Converter
Functional Description
The AAT2550 has two step-down converters and both
are designed with the goal of minimizing external component size and optimizing efficiency over the complete
load range (600mA). Apart from the small bypass input
capacitor, only a small L-C filter is required at the output.
Typically, a 4.7μH inductor and a 4.7μF ceramic capacitor
are recommended (see Table 5).
Configuration
Output Voltage
Inductor
0.6V Adjustable With
External Feedback
1V, 1.2V
1.5V, 1.8V
2.5V, 3.3V
2.2μH
4.7μH
6.8μH
Table 5: Inductor Values.
The two step-down converters can be programmed with
external feedback to any voltage, ranging from 0.6V to
the input voltage. An additional feed-forward capacitor
The input voltage range is 2.7V to 5.5V. The converter
efficiency has been optimized for all load conditions,
ranging from no load to 600mA.
Control Loop
Both step-down converters are peak current mode control
converters. The current through the P-channel MOSFET
(high side) is sensed for current loop control, as well as
short-circuit and overload protection. A fixed slope compensation signal is added to the sensed current to maintain stability for duty cycles greater than 50%. The peak
current mode loop appears as a voltage-programmed current source in parallel with the output capacitor.
The output of the voltage error amplifier programs the
current mode loop for the necessary peak switch current
to force a constant output voltage for all load and line
conditions. Internal loop compensation terminates the
transconductance voltage error amplifier output. The
error amplifier reference is fixed at 0.6V.
Soft Start / Enable
Soft start limits the current surge seen at the input and
eliminates output voltage overshoot. When pulled low,
the enable input forces the AAT2550 into a low-power,
non-switching state. The total input current during shutdown is less than 1μA.
Current Limit and
Over-Temperature Protection
For overload conditions, the peak input current is limited. To minimize power dissipation and stresses under
current limit and short-circuit conditions, switching is
terminated after entering current limit for a series of
pulses. Switching is terminated for seven consecutive
clock cycles after a current limit has been sensed for a
series of four consecutive clock cycles.
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21
DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
Thermal protection completely disables switching when
internal dissipation becomes excessive. The junction
over-temperature threshold is 140°C with 15°C of hysteresis. Once an over-temperature or over-current fault
conditions is removed, the output voltage automatically
recovers.
Under-Voltage Lockout
Internal bias of all circuits is controlled via the VIN input.
Under-voltage lockout (UVLO) guarantees sufficient VIN
bias and proper operation of all internal circuitry prior to
activation.
Step-Down Converter
Applications Information
Inductor Selection
The step-down converter uses peak current mode control with slope compensation to maintain stability for
duty cycles greater than 50%. The output inductor value
must be selected so the inductor current down slope
meets the internal slope compensation requirements.
The internal slope compensation for the AAT2550 is
0.24A/μs. This equates to a slope compensation that is
75% of the inductor current down slope for a 1.5V output and 4.7μH inductor.
0.75 ⋅ VO 0.75 ⋅ 1.5V
A
=
= 0.24
L
4.7μH
μsec
m=
This is the internal slope compensation for the stepdown converter. When externally programming the 0.6V
version to 2.5V, the calculated inductance is 7.5μH.
L=
0.75 ⋅ VO
=
m
=3
μsec
0.75 ⋅ VO
≈ 3 A ⋅ VO
A
0.24A μsec
μsec
⋅ 2.5V = 7.5μH
A
In this case, a standard 6.8μH value is selected.
For high-voltage output (≥2.5V), m = 0.48A/μs. Table 5
displays inductor values for the AAT2550 step-down converters.
Manufacturer's specifications list both the inductor DC
current rating, which is a thermal limitation, and the
peak current rating, which is determined by the satura-
22
tion characteristics. The inductor should not show any
appreciable saturation under normal load conditions.
Some inductors may meet the peak and average current
ratings yet result in excessive losses due to a high DCR.
Always consider the losses associated with the DCR and
its effect on the total converter efficiency when selecting
an inductor.
The Sumida 4.7μH CDRH2D14 series inductor has a
135m DCR and a 1A DC current rating. At full load, the
inductor DC loss is 48.6mW, which gives a 4% loss in
efficiency for a 600mA, 1.5V output.
Input Capacitor
Select a 4.7μF to 10μF X7R or X5R ceramic capacitor for
the input. To estimate the required input capacitor size,
determine the acceptable input ripple level (VPP) and
solve for C. The calculated value varies with input voltage and is a maximum when VIN is double the output
voltage.
CIN =
V ⎞
VO ⎛
· 1- O
VIN ⎝
VIN ⎠
⎛ VPP
⎞
- ESR · FS
⎝ IO
⎠
VO ⎛
V ⎞
1
· 1 - O = for VIN = 2 · VO
VIN ⎝
VIN ⎠
4
CIN(MIN) =
1
⎛ VPP
⎞
- ESR · 4 · FS
⎝ IO
⎠
Always examine the ceramic capacitor DC voltage coefficient characteristics when selecting the proper value. For
example, the capacitance of a 10μF, 6.3V, X5R ceramic
capacitor with 5.0V DC applied is actually about 6μF.
The maximum input capacitor RMS current is:
IRMS = IO ·
VO ⎛
V ⎞
· 1- O
VIN ⎝
VIN ⎠
The input capacitor RMS ripple current varies with the
input and output voltage and will always be less than or
equal to half of the total DC load current.
VO ⎛
V ⎞
· 1- O =
VIN ⎝
VIN ⎠
D · (1 - D) =
0.52 =
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1
2
DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
for VIN = 2 · VO
IRMS(MAX) =
VO
IO
2
⎛
V ⎞
· 1- O
The term VIN ⎝ VIN ⎠ appears in both the input voltage
ripple and input capacitor RMS current equations and is
a maximum when VO is twice VIN. This is why the input
voltage ripple and the input capacitor RMS current ripple
are a maximum at 50% duty cycle.
The input capacitor provides a low impedance loop for
the edges of pulsed current drawn by the AAT2550. Low
ESR/ESL X7R and X5R ceramic capacitors are ideal for
this function. To minimize stray inductance, the capacitor
should be placed as closely as possible to the IC. This
keeps the high frequency content of the input current
localized, minimizing EMI and input voltage ripple.
Proper placement of the input capacitors (C4 and C5) can
be seen in the evaluation board schematic in Figure 4.
A laboratory test set-up typically consists of two long
wires running from the bench power supply to the evaluation board input voltage pins. The inductance of these
wires, along with the low-ESR ceramic input capacitor,
can create a high Q network that may affect converter
performance. This problem often becomes apparent in
the form of excessive ringing in the output voltage during load transients. Errors in the loop phase and gain
measurements can also result.
Since the inductance of a short PCB trace feeding the
input voltage is significantly lower than the power leads
from the bench power supply, most applications do not
exhibit this problem.
In applications where the input power source lead inductance cannot be reduced to a level that does not affect
the converter performance, a high ESR tantalum or aluminum electrolytic input capacitor should be placed in
parallel with the low ESR bypass ceramic input capacitor
(C6 of Figure 4). This dampens the high Q network and
stabilizes the system.
Output Capacitor
The output capacitor limits the output ripple and provides holdup during large load transitions. A 4.7μF to
10μF X5R or X7R ceramic capacitor typically provides
sufficient bulk capacitance to stabilize the output during
large load transitions and has the ESR and ESL characteristics necessary for low output ripple.
The output voltage droop due to a load transient is
dominated by the capacitance of the ceramic output
capacitor. During a step increase in load current, the
ceramic output capacitor alone supplies the load current
until the loop responds. Within two or three switching
cycles, the loop responds and the inductor current
increases to match the load current demand. The relationship of the output voltage droop during the three
switching cycles to the output capacitance can be estimated by:
COUT =
3 · ΔILOAD
VDROOP · FS
Once the average inductor current increases to the DC
load level, the output voltage recovers. The above equation establishes a limit on the minimum value for the
output capacitor with respect to load transients.
The internal voltage loop compensation also limits the
minimum output capacitor value to 4.7μF. This is due to
its effect on the loop crossover frequency (bandwidth),
phase margin, and gain margin. Increased output capacitance will reduce the crossover frequency with greater
phase margin.
The maximum output capacitor RMS ripple current is
given by:
IRMS(MAX) =
1
2· 3
·
VOUT · (VIN(MAX) - VOUT)
L · FS · VIN(MAX)
Dissipation due to the RMS current in the ceramic output
capacitor ESR is typically minimal, resulting in less than
a few degrees rise in hot-spot temperature.
Feedback Resistor Selection
Table 6 shows all output voltages, which can be externally programmed. Resistors R7 through R10 of Figure 4
program the output to regulate at a voltage higher than
0.6V. To limit the bias current required for the external
feedback resistor string while maintaining good noise
immunity, the minimum suggested value for R7 and R9
is 59k. Although a larger value will further reduce quiescent current, it will also increase the impedance of the
feedback node, making it more sensitive to external
noise and interference. Table 6 summarizes the resistor
values for various output voltages with R7 and R9 set to
either 59k for good noise immunity or 221k for
reduced no load input current.
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23
DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
VOUT (V)
R7, R9 = 59k
R8, R10 (k)
R7, R9 = 221k
R8, R10 (k)
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.8
1.85
2.0
2.5
3.3
19.6
29.4
39.2
49.9
59.0
68.1
78.7
88.7
118
124
137
187
267
75
113
150
187
221
261
301
332
442
464
523
715
1000
Table 6: Adjustable Resistor Values for Use With
0.6V Step-Down Converter.
The AAT2550, combined with an external feedforward
capacitor (C10 and C11 in Figure 4), delivers enhanced
transient response for extreme pulsed load applications.
The addition of the feedforward capacitor (100pF) typically requires a larger output capacitor for stability.
⎛ VOUT ⎞
⎛ 1.5V ⎞
R8 = V
-1 · R7 = 0.6V - 1 · 59kΩ = 88.5kΩ
⎝ REF ⎠
⎝
⎠
PSD is the total loss associated with both step-down converters and PC is the loss associated with the charger.
The total losses will vary considerably depending on
input voltage, load, and charging current. While charging a battery, the current capability of the step-down
converters is limited.
Step-Down Converter Losses
There are three types of losses are associated with the
AAT2550 step-down converter: switching losses (tSW ·
FS), conduction losses (I2 · RDS(ON)), and quiescent current losses (IQ · VIN). At full load, assuming continuous
conduction mode, a simplified form of the step-down
converter losses is:
PSD =
IOA2 · (RDS(ON)H · VOA + RDS(ON)L · (VIN - VOA)) + IOB2 · (RDS(ON)H · VOB + RDS(ON)L · (VIN - VOB))
VIN
+ (tSW · FS · (IOA + IOB) + 2 · IQ ) · VIN
For the condition where one channel is in dropout at
100% duty cycle (IOA), the step-down converter dissipation is:
PSD = IOA2 · RDS(ON)H
Thermal Considerations
The AAT2550 is available in a 4x4mm QFN package,
which has a typical thermal resistance of 50°C/W when
the exposed paddle is soldered to a printed circuit board
(PCB) in the manner discussed in the Printed Circuit
Board Layout section of this datasheet. Thermal resistance will vary with the PCB area, ground plane area,
size and number of other adjacent components, and the
heat they generate. The maximum ambient operating
temperature is limited by either the design derating criteria, the over-temperature shutdown temperature, or
the thermal loop charge current reduction control. To
calculate the junction temperature, sum the step-down
converter losses with the battery charger losses. Multiply
the total losses by the package thermal resistance and
add to the ambient temperature to determine the junction temperature rise.
+
IOB2 · (RDS(ON)H · VOB + RDS(ON)L · (VIN - VOB))
VIN
+ (tSW · FS · IOB + 2 · IQ ) · VIN
PSD
VIN
RDS(ON)H
RDS(ON)L
VOA
VOB
IOA
IOB
IQ
tSW
FS
= Step-Down Converter Dissipation
= Converter Input Voltage
= High Side MOSFET On Resistance
= Low Side MOSFET On Resistance
= Converter A Output Voltage
= Converter B Output Voltage
= Converter A Load Current
= Converter B Load Current
= Converter Quiescent Current
= Switching Time Estimate
= Converter Switching Frequency
Always use the RDS(ON) and quiescent current value that
corresponds to the applied input voltage.
TJ(MAX) = (PSD + PC) · θJA + TAMB
24
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DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
Battery Charger Losses
The maximum battery charger loss is:
junction temperature to 110°C and avoids the thermal
loop charge reduction at a 70°C ambient temperature.
Conditions:
PC = (VADP - VMIN) · ICH + VADP · IQC
PC
VADP
VMIN
ICH
IQC
=
=
=
=
=
Total Charger Dissipation
Adapter Voltage
Preconditioning Voltage Threshold
Programmed Charge Current
Charger Quiescent Current Consumed by the
Charger
For an application where no load is applied to the stepdown converters and the charger current is set to 1A
with VADP = 5.0V, the maximum charger dissipation
occurs at the preconditioning voltage threshold VMIN.
PC = (VADP - VMIN) · ICH + VADP · IQC
= (5.0V - 3.0V) · 1A + 5.0V · 0.75mA
= 2W
VOA
VOB
IQ
VIN = VADP
2.5V @ 400mA
1.8V @ 400mA
70μA
5.0V
VMIN
3.0V
ICH
IOP
0.6A
0.75mA
Step-Down Converter A
Step-Down Converter B
Converter Quiescent Current
Charger and Step-Down
Battery Preconditioning
Threshold Voltage
Battery Charge Current
Charger Operating Current
The step-down converter load current capability is greatest when the battery charger is disabled. The following
example demonstrates the junction temperature rise for
conditions where the battery charger is disabled and full
load is applied to both converter outputs at the nominal
battery input voltage.
PTOTAL =
IOA2 · (RDS(ON)H · VOA + RDS(ON)L · (VIN - VOA)) + IOB2 · (RDS(ON)H · VOB + RDS(ON)L · (VIN - VOB))
VIN
+ (tSW · FS · (IOA + IOB) + 2 · IQ) · VIN + (VADP - VMIN) · ICH + VADP · IOP
The charger thermal loop begins reducing the charge
current at a 110°C junction temperature (TLOOP_IN). The
ambient temperature at which the charger thermal loop
begins reducing the charge current is:
=
0.4A2 · (0.475Ω · 2.5V + 0.45Ω · (5.0V - 2.5V)) + 0.4A2 · (0.475Ω · 1.8V + 0.45Ω · (5.0V - 1.8V))
5.0V
+ 2 · (5ns · 1.4MHz · 0.4A + 70µA) · 5.0V + (5.0V - 3.0V) · 0.6A + 5.0V · 0.75mA = 1.38W
TJ(MAX) = TAMB + (θJA · PLOSS)
= 70°C + (50°C/W · 1.38W)
TA = TLOOP_IN - θJA · PC
= 110°C - (50°C/W · 2W)
= 10°C
Therefore, under the given conditions, the AAT2550 battery charger will enter the thermal loop charge current
reduction at an ambient temperature greater than 10°C.
= 139°C
Conditions:
VOA
VOB
IQ
2.5V @ 600mA
1.8V @ 600mA
70μA
VIN
3.6V
ICH = IOP
0A
Step-Down Converter A
Step-Down Converter B
Converter Quiescent Current
Charger and Step-Down Converter Input Voltage
Charger Disabled
Total Power Loss Examples
The most likely high power scenario is when the charger
and step-down converter are both operational and powered from the adapter. To examine the step-down converter maximum current capability for this condition, it is
necessary to determine the step-down converter MOSFET
RDS(ON), quiescent current, and switching losses at the
adapter voltage level (5V). This example shows that with
a 600mA battery charge current, the buck converter output current capability is limited 400mA. This limits the
PTOTAL =
IOA2 · (RDS(ON)H · VOA + RDS(ON)L · (VIN - VOA)) + IOB2 · (RDS(ON)H · VOB + RDS(ON)L · (VIN - VOB))
VIN
+ (tSW · FS · (IOA + IOB) + 2 · IQ) · VIN + (VADP - VMIN) · ICH + VADP · IOP
=
0.6A2 · (0.58Ω · 2.5V + 0.56Ω · (3.6V - 2.5V)) + 0.2A2 · (0.58Ω · 1.8V + 0.56Ω · (3.6V - 1.8V))
3.6V
+ 2 · (5ns · 1.4MHz · 0.4A + 70µA) · 3.6V = 0.443W
TJ(MAX) = TAMB + (θJA · PLOSS)
= 85°C + (50°C/W · 0.443W)
= 107.15°C
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25
DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
Printed Circuit Board Layout
4.
Use the following guidelines to ensure a proper printed
circuit board layout.
1.
2.
3.
26
Step-down converter bypass capacitors (C4 and C5
in Figure 4) must be placed as close as possible to
the step-down converter inputs.
The connections from the LXA and LXB pins of the
step-down converters to the output inductors should
be kept as short as possible. This is a switching
node, so minimizing the length will reduce the
potential of this noisy trace interfering with other
high impedance noise sensitive nodes.
The feedback trace should be separate from any
power trace and connected as closely as possible to
the load point. Sensing along a high current load
trace will degrade the DC load regulation. If external
feedback resistors are used, they should be placed
as closely as possible to the FB pins and AGND. This
prevents noise from being coupled into the high
impedance feedback node.
5.
6.
The resistance of the trace from the load return to
GND should be kept to a minimum. This minimizes
any error in DC regulation due to differences in the
potential of the internal signal ground and the power
ground.
For good thermal coupling, vias are required from
the pad for the QFN paddle to the ground plane. Via
diameters should be 0.3mm to 0.33mm and positioned on a 1.2mm grid. Avoid close placement to
other heat generating devices.
Minimize the trace impedance from the battery to
the BAT pin. The charger output is not remotely
sensed, so any drop in the output across the BAT
output trace feeding the battery will add to the error
in the EOC battery voltage. To minimize voltage
drops on the PCB, maintain an adequate high current
carrying trace width.
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DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
VIN
GND
C6
120μF
(opt)
GND
EnVoB
3
2
1
GND
C4
10μF
R9
59k
C5
10μF
R7
59k
EnVoA
SW1
Data Strobe
C14
(open)
DATA
AAT2550
5
N/C
6
ADPSET
R6
8.06k
7
8
9
10
ENB
FBB
VINB
FBA
PGND
4
AGND
Data
LXA
U1
3
LX B C11
100pF
(opt)
19
LXB
18
PGND
17
CT
16
STAT1
15
STAT2
14
TS
13
11
ENBA
2
20
ENA
AD
L2 4.7μH
C8
4.7μF
21
AGND
1
22
BA
LX A
VoA
23
VINA
24
AGND
C10
100pF
(opt.)
R10
118k
N/C
1
2
3
L1 6.8μH
VoB
C9
4.7μF
CT
C12
0.1μF
R1
1.5k
R2
1.5k
R4
10k
12
D2
STAT2
Green
R3 1k
C13
10μF
R8
187k
D1
STAT1
Red
C3
10μF
1
ADP
2
GND
Adapter
1
2
3
BAT
GND
TS
1
Charger Enable
2
3
Battery
VoA, VoB (V)
VoA
VoB
1.0
1.2
1.5
1.8
2.5
3.0
3.3
R8, R10 (Ω)
9.2k
59k
88.7k
118k
187k
237k
267k
L1, L2
2.2μH
2.2μH
4.7μH
4.7μH
6.8μH
6.8μH
6.8μH
(CDRH2D14;
(CDRH2D14;
(CDRH2D14;
(CDRH2D14;
(CDRH2D14;
(CDRH2D14;
(CDRH2D14;
DCR
DCR
DCR
DCR
DCR
DCR
DCR
75mΩ; 1200mA @ 20°C)
75mΩ; 1200mA @ 20°C)
135mΩ; 1000mA @ 20°C)
135mΩ; 1000mA @ 20°C)
170mΩ; 850mA @ 20°C)
170mΩ; 850mA @ 20°C)
170mΩ; 850mA @ 20°C)
Figure 4: AAT2550 Evaluation Board Schematic.
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27
DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
28
Figure 5: AAT2550 Evaluation Board
Top Side Layout.
Figure 6: AAT2550 Evaluation Board
Layer 2 Layout.
Figure 7: AAT2550 Evaluation Board
Layer 3 Layout.
Figure 8: AAT2550 Evaluation Board
Bottom Side Layout.
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DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
Qty.
Description
1
1
3
2
1
1
2
2
2
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
Conn. Term Block 2.54mm 2 POS
Conn. Term Block 2.54mm 3 POS
Ceramic Capacitor 10μF 10%, 10V, X5R, 0805
Ceramic Capacitor 4.7μF 10%, 6.3V, X5R, 0805
Ceramic Capacitor 0.1μF 25V 10% X5R 0603
Tantalum Capacitor 100μF, 6.3V, Case C
Optional Ceramic Capacitor 100pF, 0402, COG
Ferrite Shielded Inductor CDRH2D14
1.5k, 5%, 1/16W, 0402
1.0k, 5%, 1/16W, 0402
8.06k, 1%, 1/16W, 0402
59.0k, 1%, 1/16W, 0402
118k, 1%, 1/16W, 0402
187k, 1%, 1/16W, 0402
10k, 5%, 1/16W, 0402
Red LED, 1206
Green LED, 1206
Switch Tact 6mm SPST H = 5.0mm
AAT2550 Total Power Solution for Portable
Applications
1
Reference
Designator
Manufacturer
Part Number
Adapter Input
Battery Output
C3, C4, C5, C13
C8,C9
C12
C6
C10, C11
L1, L2
R1,R2
R3
R6
R7,R9
R10
R8
R4
D1
D2
SW1
Phoenix Contact
Phoenix Contact
Murata
Murata
Vishay
Vishay
Vishay
Sumida
Vishay
Vishay
Vishay
Vishay
Vishay
Vishay
Vishay
Chicago Miniature Lamp
Chicago Miniature Lamp
ITT Industries/C&K Div
CMD15-21SRC/TR8
CMD15-21SRC/TR8
CKN9012-ND
U1
Skyworks
AAT2550ISK-CAA-T1
Table 7: AAT2550 Evaluation Board Bill of Materials.
Manufacturer
Part Number
Inductance
(μH)
Max DC Current
(A)
DCR
()
Size (mm)
LxWxH
Type
Sumida
Sumida
Sumida
Coilcraft
Coiltronics
Coiltronics
Coiltronics
CDRH2D14-2R2
CDRH2D14-4R7
CDRH2D14-6R8
LPO3310-472
SD3118-4R7
SD3118-6R8
SDRC10-4R7
2.2
4.7
6.8
4.7
4.7
6.8
4.7
1.20
1.00
0.85
0.80
0.98
0.82
1.30
0.075
0.135
0.170
0.27
0.122
0.175
0.122
3.2x3.2x1.55
3.2x3.2x1.55
3.2x3.2x1.55
3.2x3.2x1.0
3.1x3.1x1.85
3.1x3.1x1.85
5.7x4.4x1.0
Shielded
Shielded
Shielded
1mm
Shielded
Shielded
1mm Shielded
Table 8: Typical Surface Mount Inductors.
Manufacturer
Part Number
Value
Voltage
Temp. Co.
Case
Murata
Murata
Murata
GRM219R61A475KE19
GRM21BR60J106KE19
GRM21BR60J226ME39
4.7μF
10μF
22μF
10V
6.3V
6.3V
X5R
X5R
X5R
0805
0805
0805
Table 9: Surface Mount Capacitors.
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29
DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
Adjustable Version
(0.6V device)
VOUT (V)
R7, R9 = 59k
R8, R10 (k)
R7, R9 = 221k1
R8, R10 (k)
L1, L2
(μH)
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.8
1.85
2.0
2.5
3.3
19.6
29.4
39.2
49.9
59.0
68.1
78.7
88.7
118
124
137
187
267
75.0
113
150
187
221
261
301
332
442
464
523
715
1000
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
6.8
6.8
6.8
Table 10: Evaluation Board Component Values.
1. For reduced quiescent current, R7 and R9 = 221k.
30
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
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DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
Step-Down Converter Design Example
Specifications
VOA = 2.5V @ 400mA (VFBA = 0.6V), pulsed load ILOAD = 300mA
VOB = 1.8V @ 400mA (VFBB = 0.6V), pulsed load ILOAD = 300mA
VIN = 2.7V to 4.2V (3.6V nominal)
FS = 1.4MHz
TAMB = 85°C
2.5V VOA Output Inductor
L1 = 3
μsec
μsec
⋅ VO1 = 3
⋅ 2.5V = 7.5μH (see Table 5)
A
A
For Sumida inductor CDRH2D14, 6.8μH, DCR = 170m.
ΔIA =
⎛
VO
V ⎞
2.5V
2.5V⎞
⎛
⋅ 1 - OA =
⋅ 1= 106mA
L1 ⋅ FS ⎝
VIN ⎠ 6.8μH ⋅ 1.4MHz ⎝
4.2V⎠
IPKA = IOA +
ΔIA
= 0.4A + 0.053A = 0.453A
2
PLA = IOA2 ⋅ DCR = 0.452 ⋅ 170mΩ = 34mW
1.8V VOB Output Inductor
L2 = 3
μsec
μsec
⋅ VO2 = 3
⋅ 1.8V = 5.4μH (see Table 5)
A
A
For Sumida inductor CDRH2D14, 4.7μH, DCR = 135m.
ΔIB =
⎛ 1.8V ⎞
VOB ⎛ VOB ⎞
1.8V
⋅ 1=
⋅ 1= 156mA
L ⋅ FS ⎝ VIN ⎠ 4.7μH ⋅ 1.4MHz ⎝ 4.2V⎠
IPKB = IOB +
ΔIB
= 0.4A + 0.078A = 0.48A
2
PLB = IOB2 ⋅ DCR = 0.4A2 ⋅ 135mΩ = 21.6mW
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DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
2.5V Output Capacitor
COUT =
3 · ΔILOAD
3 · 0.3A
=
= 3.2μF
0.2V · 1.4MHz
VDROOP · FS
IRMS(MAX) =
(VOUT) · (VIN(MAX) - VOUT)
1
2.5V · (4.2V - 2.5V)
·
= 21mArms
=
L · FS · VIN(MAX)
2 · 3 10μH · 1.4MHz · 4.2V
2· 3
1
·
Pesr = esr · IRMS2 = 5mΩ · (21mA)2 = 2.2μW
1.8V Output Capacitor
COUT =
3 · ΔILOAD
3 · 0.3A
=
= 3.2μF
VDROOP · FS
0.2V · 1.4MHz
IRMS(MAX) =
(VOUT) · (VIN(MAX) - VOUT)
1
1.8V · (4.2V - 1.8V)
·
= 45mArms
=
L · FS · VIN(MAX)
2 · 3 4.7μH · 1.4MHz · 4.2V
2· 3
1
·
Pesr = esr · IRMS2 = 5mΩ · (45mA)2 = 10μW
Input Capacitor
Input Ripple VPP = 25mV.
CIN =
1
⎛ VPP
⎞
- ESR · 4 · FS
⎝ IO1 + IO2
⎠
IRMS(MAX) =
=
1
= 6.8μF
⎛ 25mV
⎞
- 5mΩ · 4 · 1.4MHz
⎝ 0.8A
⎠
IO1 + IO2
= 0.4Arms
2
P = esr · IRMS2 = 5mΩ · (0.4A)2 = 0.8mW
32
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
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DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
Ordering Information
Voltage
Package
Converter 1
Converter 2
Marking1
Part Number (Tape and Reel)2
QFN44-24
0.6V
0.6V
RJXYY
AAT2550ISK-CAA-T1
Skyworks Green™ products are compliant with
all applicable legislation and are halogen-free.
For additional information, refer to Skyworks
Definition of Green™, document number
SQ04-0074.
Legend
Voltage
Code
Adjustable (0.6V)
0.9
1.2
1.5
1.8
1.9
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.85
2.9
3.0
3.3
4.2
A
B
E
G
I
Y
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
W
C
1. XYY = assembly and date code.
2. Sample stock is generally held on part numbers listed in BOLD.
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
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33
DATA SHEET
AAT2550
Total Power Solution for Portable Applications
Package Information
QFN44-241
0.4 ± 0.05
24
1
2.7 ± 0.05
0.5 BSC
R0.030Max
13
6
12
4.000 ± 0.050
7
2.7 ± 0.05
Top View
0.025 ± 0.025
Bottom View
0.214 ± 0.036
0.900 ± 0.050
4.000 ± 0.050
19
18
0.300 × 45°
Pin 1 Identification
0.305 ± 0.075
Pin 1 Dot By Marking
Side View
All dimensions in millimeters.
1. The leadless package family, which includes QFN, TQFN, DFN, TDFN and STDFN, has exposed copper (unplated) at the end of the lead terminals due to the manufacturing
process. A solder fillet at the exposed copper edge cannot be guaranteed and is not required to ensure a proper bottom solder connection.
Copyright © 2012, 2013 Skyworks Solutions, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Information in this document is provided in connection with Skyworks Solutions, Inc. (“Skyworks”) products or services. These materials, including the information contained herein, are provided by Skyworks as a
service to its customers and may be used for informational purposes only by the customer. Skyworks assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions in these materials or the information contained herein. Skyworks may change its documentation, products, services, specifications or product descriptions at any time, without notice. Skyworks makes no commitment to update the materials or information and shall have no
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THE USE OF THE MATERIALS OR INFORMATION, WHETHER OR NOT THE RECIPIENT OF MATERIALS HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
Skyworks products are not intended for use in medical, lifesaving or life-sustaining applications, or other equipment in which the failure of the Skyworks products could lead to personal injury, death, physical or environmental damage. Skyworks customers using or selling Skyworks products for use in such applications do so at their own risk and agree to fully indemnify Skyworks for any damages resulting from such improper
use or sale.
Customers are responsible for their products and applications using Skyworks products, which may deviate from published specifications as a result of design defects, errors, or operation of products outside of published parameters or design specifications. Customers should include design and operating safeguards to minimize these and other risks. Skyworks assumes no liability for applications assistance, customer product
design, or damage to any equipment resulting from the use of Skyworks products outside of stated published specifications or parameters.
Skyworks, the Skyworks symbol, and “Breakthrough Simplicity” are trademarks or registered trademarks of Skyworks Solutions, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Third-party brands and names are for
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34
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. • Phone [781] 376-3000 • Fax [781] 376-3100 • sales@skyworksinc.com • www.skyworksinc.com
202174B • Skyworks Proprietary Information • Products and Product Information are Subject to Change Without Notice. • March 19, 2013