58-602.1 R96 HART IO

HART® Installation and Operating
Manual for Pulsar® Model R96
Software Version 1.x
High Performance 6 GHz
Pulse Burst Radar
Level Transmitter
Read this Manual Before Installing
This manual provides information on the Pulsar® Model
R96 Radar transmitter. It is important that all instructions are read carefully and followed in sequence. The
QuickStart Installation instructions are a brief guide to the
sequence of steps for experienced technicians to follow
when installing the equipment. Detailed instructions are
included in the Complete Installation section of this manual.
Conventions Used in this Manual
Certain conventions are used in this manual to convey
specific types of information. General technical material,
support data, and safety information are presented in narrative form. The following styles are used for notes, cautions, and warnings.
NOTES
Notes contain information that augments or clarifies
an operating step. Notes do not normally contain
actions. They follow the procedural steps to which
they refer.
Cautions
FCC ID: LPN R96
Any unauthorized changes or modifications not expressly
approved by the party responsible for compliance could
void user’s authority to operate this equipment.
WARNING! Explosion hazard. Do not connect or dis-
connect designs rated Explosion-proof or Non-incendive
unless power has been switched off and/or the area is
known to be non-hazardous.
Low Voltage Directive
For use in Installations Category II, Pollution Degree 2.
If equipment is used in a manner not specified by the
manufacturer, protection provided by equipment may be
impaired.
Notice of Copyright and Limitations
Magnetrol® & Magnetrol® logotype and Pulsar®
are registered trademarks of Magnetrol® International,
Incorporated.
Copyright © 2016 Magnetrol® International,
Incorporated. All rights reserved.
Cautions alert the technician to special conditions that
could injure personnel, damage equipment, or reduce
a component’s mechanical integrity. Cautions are also
used to alert the technician to unsafe practices or the
need for special protective equipment or specific materials. In this manual, a caution box indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may
result in minor or moderate injury.
MAGNETROL reserves the right to make changes to the
product described in this manual at any time without
notice. MAGNETROL makes no warranty with respect
to the accuracy of the information in this manual.
WARNINGS
Warnings identify potentially dangerous situations or
serious hazards. In this manual, a warning indicates an
imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided,
could result in serious injury or death.
If returned within the warranty period; and, upon factory inspection of the control, the cause of the claim is
determined to be covered under the warranty; then,
MAGNETROL will repair or replace the control at no cost
to the purchaser (or owner) other than transportation.
Safety Messages
The PULSAR Model R96 system is designed for use in
Category II, Pollution Degree 2 installations. Follow all
standard industry procedures for servicing electrical and
computer equipment when working with or around high
voltage. Always shut off the power supply before touching
any components. Although high voltage is not present in
this system, it may be present in other systems.
Electrical components are sensitive to electrostatic discharge. To prevent equipment damage, observe safety
procedures when working with electrostatic sensitive
components.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Warranty
All MAGNETROL electronic level and flow controls are
warranted free of defects in materials or workmanship for
one full year from the date of original factory shipment.
MAGNETROL shall not be liable for misapplication,
labor claims, direct or consequential damage or expense
arising from the installation or use of equipment. There
are no other warranties expressed or implied, except special written warranties covering some MAGNETROL
products.
Quality Assurance
The quality assurance system in place at MAGNETROL
guarantees the highest level of quality throughout the
company. MAGNETROL is committed to providing
full customer satisfaction both in quality products and
quality service.
The MAGNETROL quality assurance
system is registered to ISO 9001 affirming
its commitment to known international
quality standards providing the strongest
assurance of product/service quality
available.
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
Pulsar® Model R96
Pulse Burst Radar Level Transmitter
Table of Contents
1.0 QuickStart Installation
1.1 Getting Started..........................................................5
1.1.1 Equipment and Tools .....................................5
1.1.2 Configuration Information.............................6
1.2 QuickStart Mounting................................................7
1.2.1 Antenna .........................................................7
1.2.2 Transmitter.....................................................7
1.3 QuickStart Wiring ....................................................8
1.4 QuickStart Configuration .........................................8
1.4.1 QuickStart Menu Options ...........................10
1.4.1.1 QuickStart Numerical Data Entry...........11
2.0 Complete Installation
2.1 Unpacking ..............................................................12
2.2 Electronic Discharge (ESD) Handling Procedure....12
2.3 Before You Begin.....................................................13
2.3.1 Site Preparation ............................................13
2.3.2 Equipment and Tools ...................................13
2.3.3 Operational Considerations..........................13
2.3.3.1 Maximum Distance...............................14
2.3.3.2 Minimum Distance...............................14
2.3.3.3 Problematic Applications;
GWR Alternative ..................................14
2.4 Mounting................................................................15
2.4.1 Installing the Antenna ..................................15
2.4.1.1 Location................................................15
2.4.1.2 Beam Angle...........................................15
2.4.1.3 Obstructions .........................................16
2.4.1.4 Nozzles..................................................16
2.4.1.5 Standpipes and Stillwells .......................17
2.4.2 Installing the Transmitter .............................17
2.4.2.1 Orientation ...........................................17
2.4.2.2 Initial Installation..................................18
2.4.2.3 Low Echo Margin .................................18
2.5 Wiring ....................................................................19
2.5.1 General Purpose or Non-Incendive ..............19
2.5.2 Intrinsically Safe ...........................................20
2.5.3 Explosion Proof............................................20
2.6 Configuring the Transmitter....................................21
2.6.1 Bench Configuration....................................21
2.6.2 Menu Traversal and Data Entry....................22
2.6.2.1 Navigating the Menu ............................22
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
2.6.2.2 Data Selection.......................................22
2.6.2.3 Entering Numeric Data Using
Digit Entry ...........................................23
2.6.2.4 Entering Numeric Data Using
Increment/Decrement ...........................23
2.6.2.5 Entering Character Data .......................24
2.6.3 Password Protection .....................................24
2.6.4 Menu: Step-By-Step Procedure.....................25
2.6.5 Configuration Menu: Device Setup..............28
2.7 Configuration Using HART® ..................................33
2.7.1 Connections .................................................33
2.7.2 Display Menu...............................................33
2.7.3 HART Revision Table ..................................33
2.7.3.1 Model R96............................................33
2.7.4 HART Menu................................................34
3.0 Reference Information
3.1 Description .............................................................36
3.2 Theory of Operation...............................................36
3.2.1 Pulse Burst Radar .........................................36
3.2.2 Equivalent Time Sampling ...........................37
3.3 Configuration Information .....................................37
3.3.1 Bottom Blocking Distance Description ........37
3.3.2 Echo Rejection .............................................39
3.3.3 Volumetric Capability ..................................39
3.3.3.1 Configuration Using Built-in
Vessel Types...........................................39
3.3.3.2 Configuration Using Custom Table ......41
3.3.4 Reset Function ...............................................41
3.4 Troubleshooting and Diagnostics ............................42
3.4.1 Diagnostics (Namur NE 107) ......................42
3.4.2 Diagnostic Indication Simulation.................44
3.4.3 Diagnostic Help ...........................................44
3.4.4 Diagnostic Indicator Table ...........................46
3.4.5 Additional Diagnostic/Trouble
Shooting Capabilities ...................................48
3.4.5.1 Echo History Setup...............................48
3.4.5.2 Event History........................................48
3.4.5.3 Context-sensitive Help ..........................48
3.4.5.2 Trend Data............................................48
continued on next page
3.5 Agency Approvals....................................................49
3.5.1 Agency Drawing & Entity Parameters..........50
3.6 Parts ........................................................................52
3.6.1 Replacement Parts ........................................52
3.7 Specifications ..........................................................53
3.7.1 Functional – Transmitter ..............................53
3.7.2 Functional – Environmental.........................54
3.7.2.1 Safe Operating Area ..............................55
3.7.2.2 Supply Voltage ......................................55
3.7.3 O-ring (seal) Selection Chart........................55
3.7.4 Functional – Antenna...................................56
3.7.5 PULSAR Model R96 Antenna
Pressure/Temperature Rings .........................56
3.7.6 Physical ........................................................57
3.8 Model Numbers......................................................58
3.8.1 PULSAR Model R96 Radar Transmitter ......58
3.8.2 Radar Antennas – Dielectric Rod .................59
3.8.3 Radar Antennas – Horn ...............................60
4.0 Advanced Configuration/Troubleshooting Techniques
4.1 Echo Rejection .........................................................61
4
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
1.0
QuickStart Installation
The QuickStart Installation procedures provide an overview
of the key steps for mounting, wiring, and configuring the
PULSAR Model R96 radar level transmitter. These procedures are intended for experienced installers of electronic
level measurement instruments.
See Complete Installation, Section 2.0, for detailed installation instructions.
1.1
Getting Started
Before beginning the QuickStart Installation procedures,
have the right equipment, tools, and information available.
1.1.1 Equipment and Tools
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
No special tools are needed. The following items are
recommended:
Threaded antenna and process connection . . . . 2" (50 mm)
Transmitter/antenna connection. . . . . 13⁄4" (44 mm) wrench
Transmitter adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . 11⁄8" (28 mm) wrench
................................................................3
⁄32" Hex wrench
Torque wrench . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . highly desirable
Flat-blade screwdriver
Digital multimeter or volt/ammeter . . . . . . . . . . . Optional
24 VDC (23 mA) power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Optional
5
1.1.2 Configuration Information
To utilize the QuickStart menu available on the
PULSAR Model R96, some key information is required
for configuration.
Gather the information and complete the following operating
parameters table before beginning configuration.
NOTES: The QuickStart menu is available for Level Only applications.
1. Refer to Section 2.6.5 for configuration menus for Volume
applications.
2. These configuration steps are not necessary if the transmitter
was pre-configured prior to shipment.
Display
Level
Units
Question
What units of measurement will be
used?
_____________
Tank
Height
What is the tank height?
_____________
Antenna
Model
What type of antenna is being used?
Select first 7 digits of Model number.
(See nameplate on side of antenna)
_____________
What is maximum nozzle length for
which the antenna can be used?
Select last 3 digits of Model number.
(See nameplate on side of antenna)
_____________
Antenna
Mount
Is the antenna mounting NPT, BSP,
or flanged?
_____________
Dielectric
What is the dielectric of the process
medium?
_____________
4 mA
Setpoint
(LRV)
What is the 0% reference point for the
4.0 mA value?
_____________
20 mA
Setpoint
(URV)
What is the 100% reference point for
the 20.0 mA value?
_____________
PV Alarm
Selection
What output current is desired when a
failure indicator is present?
_____________
Antenna
Extension
6
Answer
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
➀
1.2
QuickStart Mounting
NOTE: Confirm the configuration style and process connection (size
and type) of the PULSAR Model R96 radar transmitter. Ensure it
matches the requirements of the installation before continuing
with the QuickStart installation.
➀ Confirm the model and serial numbers on the nameplates
of PULSAR Model R96 electronics and antenna are identical.
➄
➃
➁
➂
➀
1.2.1 Antenna
➁ Carefully place the antenna into the vessel. Mount in a
location equal to 1⁄2 the radius of tank top. Do not mount in
center of vessel nor closer than 18" (45 cm) of tank wall.
➂ Secure the antenna to the vessel.
➃ Leave the protective plastic cap in place until ready to
install the transmitter.
NOTE: Do not use sealing compound or TFE tape on antenna connection to transmitter. This connection is sealed by a Viton® O-ring.
1.2.2 Transmitter
Set Screw
Index
Mark
Universal
Connector
1 dot: GP/IS
2 dots: XP
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
1. Remove the protective plastic cap from the top of the
antenna and store for future use. Make sure the bottom of
the Universal connector (Teflon®) ➄ and inside of the
antenna are clean and dry. Clean with isopropyl alcohol and
cotton swabs if necessary.
2. Place the transmitter on the antenna.
3. Ensure the housing/launcher set screw is loose and the
housing can be turned. Align the antenna index mark so it
is at an angle of 45° to a line from the radar unit to the
nearest tank wall.
4. Rotate the transmitter so that it is in the most convenient
position for wiring, configuring, and viewing.
5. While keeping the housing and launcher aligned, tighten
both the housing/launcher set screw and large Universal
connector Hex nut. Tighten the universal connector to
30 ft./lbs (40 Nm) of force. A torque wrench is highly
desirable.
DO NOT LEAVE HAND TIGHT.
• Do not place insulating material around any part of the
Radar transmitter including the antenna flange.
7
1.3
Black (-)
QuickStart Wiring
WARNING! Explosion hazard. Do not remove covers unless power
has been switched off or the area is known to be nonhazardous.
Red (+)
(+)
(-)
NOTE: Ensure that the electrical wiring to the PULSAR Model R96
radar transmitter is complete and in compliance with all regulations and codes.
1. Remove the cover of the upper wiring compartment.
2. Attach a conduit fitting and mount the conduit plug in the
spare opening. Pull the power supply wire through the conduit fitting.
3. If present, connect cable shield to an earth ground at the
power supply.
4. Connect the positive supply wire to the (+) terminal and the
negative supply wire to the (-) terminal. For Explosion
Proof Installations, see Wiring, Section 2.5.3.
5. Replace the cover and tighten.
1.4
QuickStart Configuration
If requested, the PULSAR Model R96 transmitter is
shipped fully pre-configured for the application and can be
installed immediately. Otherwise it is shipped configured
with default values from the factory and can be easily
reconfigured in the shop. The minimum configuration
instructions follow. Use the information from the operating
parameters table before beginning configuration. See
Configuration Information, Section 1.1.2.
Up
Down
Back
Enter
The Quick Start menu offers a very simple two screen
overview showing the basic parameters required for a typical
“Level Only” application.
1. Apply power to the transmitter.
The graphic LCD display can be programmed to change
every 2 seconds to show pertinent Measured Values on the
Home Screen. For example: Level, %Output, and Loop
current can all be displayed on a rotating screen.
The LCD can also be programmed to always show just one
of the Measured Variables at all times. For example: Level
can be the only value displayed on the screen.
2. Remove the cover of the electronics compartment.
8
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
3. The push buttons offer multiple forms of functionality for
menu navigation and data entry. (See Section 2.6 for complete explanation.)
➪
STEP 4
UP moves up through the menu or increases a displayed
value.
➪
DOWN moves down through the menu or decreases a
displayed value.
BACK exits a branch of the menu or exits without
accepting entered value.
➪
➪ ENTER enters a branch of the menu or accepts a
displayed entry.
Up
Down
Back
Enter
NOTE: Holding down ENTER when any menu or parameter is highlighted will show help text in reference to that item.
The default User Password = 0. (If a password is requested,
enter it at that time.)
STEP 5
The following configuration entries are the minimum
required for a QuickStart configuration. Refer to figures at
left.
4. Press any key at the Home Screen to access the Main Menu.
5. Press ➪ ENTER with the DEVICE SETUP menu item
highlighted.
6. Press ➪ ENTER with the QUICKSTART menu item
highlighted.
The QuickStart shows the basic parameters, with the
present value of the highlighted parameter shown at the
bottom of the screen.
STEP 6
One can now quickly and easily scroll through the
QuickStart configuration items, changing those parameters
as required:
• Scroll to the parameter to be changed.
• Press ➪ ENTER at the highlighted parameter.
• Scroll to the desired option, then press ➪ ENTER.
• Scroll to next parameter or press
BACK when
finished to exit the QuickStart menu.
➪
Section 1.4.1 lists and describes the nine parameters in the
QuickStart menu.
7. After making all of the necessary changes in the QuickStart
menu, press the BACK button three times to return to the
Home Screen.
8. The QuickStart configuration is complete. If properly configured, the Model R96 transmitter is measuring level and is
ready for service.
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
9
1.4.1 QuickStart Menu Options
Level Units
Select the Units of measurement for the level readout:
• Inches
• Feet
• Millimeters
• Centimeters
• Meters
Tank Height
Enter tank height (in Level Units selected)
Antenna Model
Select the Antenna Model to be used with Model R96 (refer to antenna nameplate):
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Antenna Extension 0
1
2
3
Antenna Mount
RAA-x — TFE rod
RAB-G — Polypropylene rod
RAB-L — Polypropylene rod
RAB-x — Polypropylene rod
RAC-x — Halar rod
RA3-x — 3" horn
RA4-x — 4" horn
RA6-x — 6" horn
For nozzle height
nameplate):
For nozzle height
For nozzle height
For nozzle height
≤1" (25 mm) (for threaded process connection only) (refer to antenna
≤4" (100 mm)
≤8" (200 mm) (ESP designation for TFE rod only)
≤12" (300 mm)
Select the type of Antenna Mounting to the vessel (refer to antenna nameplate):
• NPT (National Pipe Thread)
• BSP (British Standard Pipe)
• Flange (ANSI or DIN)
HART Only
Dielectric Range
10
Enter the Dielectric Range for the material to be measured.
Below 1.7 (Light Hydrocarbons like Propane and Butane) — (stillwell only)
1.7 to 3.0 (Most typical hydrocarbons)
3.0 to 10 (Varying dielectric, for example: mixing tanks)
Above 10 (Water-based media)
4 mA Set Point
(LRV)
Enter the level value (0%-point) for the 4 mA point. Lower Range Value (LRV).
Refer to Section 1.4.1.1.
20 mA Set Point
(URV)
Enter the level value (100%-point) for the 20 mA point. Upper Range Value (URV).
Refer to Section 1.4.1.1.
PV Alarm
Selection
Enter the desired output state when a Failure Indicator is active.
• High (22 mA)
• Low (3.6 mA)
• Hold (Hold last value is not recommended for standard configuration). Consult factory for
use.
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
1.4.1.1 QuickStart Numerical Data Entry
➪
To make numerical entry changes to Tank Height:
UP moves up to the next highest digit (0,1,2,3,....,9 or
the decimal point).
If held down the digits scroll until the push button is
released.
➪
DOWN moves up to the next lowest digit (0,1,2,3,....,9
or the decimal point). If held down the digits scroll until
the push button is released.
BACK moves the cursor to the left and deletes a digit.
If the cursor is already at the leftmost position, then the
screen is exited without changing the previously saved
value.
➪
➪ ENTER Moves the cursor to the right. If the cursor is
located at a blank character position, the new value is
saved.
Scrolling further DOWN in the QuickStart menu results in
the remaining parameters appearing one by one, with the
present highlighted value shown at the bottom of the
screen.
BACK returns to the previous menu without changing
the original value, which is immediately redisplayed.
➪
➪ ENTER accepts the displayed value and returns to the
previous menu.
Sensor Reference Point
20 mA
Measurement
Region
Tank
Height
4 mA
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
11
2.0
Complete Installation
This section provides detailed procedures for properly
installing, wiring, configuring, and, as needed, troubleshooting the PULSAR Model R96 Radar Level Transmitter.
2.1
Unpacking
Unpack the instrument carefully. Make sure all components
have been removed from the packing material. Check all the
contents against the packing slip and report any discrepancies
to the factory.
•
•
•
•
Model Number
Before proceeding with the installation, do the following:
Inspect all components for damage. Report any damage to
the carrier within 24 hours.
Make sure the nameplate model number on the antenna and
transmitter agree with the packing slip and purchase order.
To avoid moisture ingress in the housing, covers should be
fully tightened at all times. For the same reason, plugs
should remain properly installed in the cable entries until
replaced with a cable gland
Record the model and serial numbers for future reference
when ordering parts.
Serial Number
2.2
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD)
Handling Procedure
MAGNETROL electronic instruments are manufactured to
the highest quality standards. These instruments use electronic
components that may be damaged by static electricity present
in most work environments.
•
•
•
•
The following steps are recommended to reduce the risk of
component failure due to electrostatic discharge.
Ship and store circuit boards in anti-static bags. If an antistatic bag is not available, wrap the board in aluminum foil.
Do not place boards on foam packing materials.
Use a grounding wrist strap when installing and removing
circuit boards. A grounded workstation is recommended.
Handle circuit boards only by the edges. Do not touch
components or connector pins.
Make sure that all electrical connections are completely
made and none are partial or floating. Ground all equipment to a good, earth ground
WARNING! Potential electrostatic charging hazard. Do not rub
with dry cloth.
12
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
2.3
Before You Begin
2.3.1 Site Preparation
Each PULSAR Model R96 Radar transmitter/antenna is
built to match the physical specifications of the required
installation. Ensure that the probe process connection is
correct for the threaded or flanged mounting on the vessel
where the transmitter will be placed. See Mounting,
Section 2.4.
Ensure that all local, state, and federal regulations and
guidelines are observed. See Wiring, Section 2.5.
Ensure that the wiring between the power supply and
PULSAR Model R96 Radar transmitter is complete and
correct for the type of installation. See Specifications,
Section 3.7.
2.3.2 Equipment and Tools
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
No special tools are needed. The following items are
recommended:
Threaded antenna and process connection . . . . 2" (50 mm)
Transmitter/antenna connection. . . . . 13⁄4" (44 mm) wrench
Transmitter adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . 11⁄8" (28 mm) wrench
................................................................3
⁄32" Hex wrench
Torque wrench . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . highly desirable
Flat-blade screwdriver
Digital multimeter or volt/ammeter . . . . . . . . . . . Optional
24 VDC (23 mA) power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Optional
2.3.3 Operational Considerations
Radar applications are characterized by three basic conditions;
Dielectric (process medium), Distance (measuring range)
and Disturbances (turbulence, foam, false targets, multiple
reflections and rate of change). The PULSAR Model R96
Radar transmitter is offered with two antenna configurations—Horn (3", 4", 6") and Dielectric Rod. Ideally, the
6" (DN150) Horn antenna should be used to ensure the
best possible performance in all operational conditions.
2.3.3.1 Maximum Distance
The chart on the following page shows the maximum measuring range (Distance) of each antenna based on fundamental
conditions of Dielectric, Distance and Turbulence. Distance
is measured from the Sensor Reference Point (bottom of
NPT thread, top of BSP thread or face of a flange).
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
13
R96 Maximum Recommended Measuring Range in feet (meters)
Turbulence Medium or Heavy
Turbulence None or Light
Sensor
Reference
Point
Sensor
Reference
Point
Dielectric >
1.7 - 3
3 - 10
10 - 100
1.7 - 3
3 - 10
10 - 100
16 (5)
39 (12)
66 (20)
10 (3)
29 (9)
39 (12)
33 (10)
82 (25
131 (40)
Antenna Type
Dielectric Rod
4" Horn
6" Horn
16 (5)
39 (12)
52 (16)
2.3.3.2 Minimum Distance
NPT Process
Connection
BSP Process
Connection
Sensor
Reference
Point
ANSI or DIN Welded Flange
If the liquid level is allowed onto the antenna, noise and
media build-up drastically decrease reliable measurement.
Liquid should not be allowed closer than 2 inches (50 mm)
from the bottom of the antenna.
2.3.3.3 Problematic Applications; GWR Alternative
•
•
•
•
•
•
2" (50 mm)
•
Some application concerns can be problematic for NonContact Radar. For these, Guided Wave Radar is recommended:
Extremely low dielectric media (εr<1.7)
Stillwells, standpipes, bridles, cages and bypass columns.
Very weak reflections from the liquid surface (particularly
during turbulence) can cause poor performance.
Tanks heavily cluttered with false targets (mixers, pumps,
ladders, pipes, etc.)
During times of very low liquid levels of low dielectric media,
the metal tank bottom may be detected which can deteriorate performance.
Foam can either absorb or reflect the microwave energy
depending upon the depth, dielectric, density and wall
thickness of the bubbles. Due to typical variations in the
amount (depth) of foam, it is impossible to quantify performance. It may be possible to receive most, some or none
of the transmitted energy.
When measurement close to flange is critical
Extremely high liquid levels (Overflow) conditions when
liquid very near the antenna can cause erroneous readings and measurement failure.
Refer to ECLIPSE Model 706 bulletin 57-106 for
additional information.
14
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
2.4 Mounting
> 18"
(45 cm)
1/2
Radius
The PULSAR Model R96 Radar transmitter can be mounted to a vessel using a variety of process connections.
Generally, either a threaded or flanged connection is used.
For information about the sizes and types of connections
available, see Antenna Model Numbers, Section 3.8.2.
2.4.1 Installing the Antenna
Before installing, ensure that:
• Model and Serial numbers on the nameplates of the
PULSAR Model R96 transmitter and antenna are identical.
• Process temperature, pressure, dielectric, turbulence and
distance are within the antenna specifications for the
installation.
• Rod of a Dielectric Rod antenna is protected from bending
or breaking; there is no metal sub-structure.
• Insulating material is not placed around any part of the
Radar transmitter including the antenna flange.
• Protective cap is kept on the antenna if the transmitter is to
be installed at a later time.
• Antenna is being mounted in the optimal location. See following sections: Location, Beam Angle, Obstructions and
Nozzles for specific information.
• If the liquid level is allowed onto the antenna, noise and
media buildup drastically decrease reliable measurement.
Liquid should not be allowed closer than 2 inches (50 mm)
from the bottom of the antenna.
D
∝
∝
2.4.1.1 Location
W
Ideally, the Radar transmitter should be mounted providing
an unobstructed signal path to the liquid surface where it
should illuminate (with microwave energy) the largest,
possible surface area. See Section 2.4.1.2, Beam Angle.
Unavoidable obstacles will produce reflections that must be
minimized during field configuration. See Section 3.3.2,
Echo Rejection. Mount in a location equal to 1⁄2 the radius
of tank top. Do not mount in center of vessel nor closer
than 18" (45 cm) of tank wall.
W
Beam Spread, W @-3dB; ft (m)
Antenna
Beam Angle
(∝)
Dielectric Rod
25°
4" Horn
25°
6" Horn
17°
Distance, D
10 (3)
4.5 (1.4)
3.0 (0.9)
20 (6)
8.9 (2.7)
6.0 (1.8)
30 (9)
13.3 (4.1)
9.0 (2.7)
40 (12)
17.8 (5.4)
12.0 (3.7)
50 (15)
22.2 (6.8)
15.0 (4.6)
60 (18)
26.6 (8.1)
18.0 (5.5)
65 (20)
28.9 (8.8)
19.5 (6.0)
130 (40)
*
98 (30)
*
2.4.1.2 Beam Angle
29.3 (9.0)
39.0 (12.0)
*Dielectric Rod and 4" horn not recommended beyond 65 feet (20 meters).
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
The various antenna designs exhibit different beam patterns.
Ideally, the beam pattern should illuminate with microwave
beam the maximum liquid surface with minimum contact
with other objects in the vessel including the tank wall. Use the
drawings at left to determine the optimum installation location.
15
2.4.1.3 Obstructions
Almost any object that falls within the beam pattern will cause
reflections that may be misinterpreted as a false liquid level.
Although PULSAR Model R96 has a powerful Echo
Rejection routine, all possible precautions should be taken to
minimize false target reflections with proper installation and
orientation. Refer to section 2.4.2.3 for additional information.
2.4.1.4 Nozzles
Improper installation in a nozzle creates “ringing” that will
adversely affect measurement. The antenna should always be
mounted so the active section of the antenna is a minimum
of 0.5" (12mm) outside the nozzle. Antenna extensions are
offered to allow the PULSAR Model R96 transmitter to
work reliably in nozzles with “L” dimensions of 1" (25
mm), 4" (100mm), 8" (200mm) or 12" (300mm). Standard
antennas (no extension) are shown below for reference. See
Section 3.7.6 for dimensional drawings of all antenna
designs including nozzle extensions.
Dielectric Rod Antenna
Horn Antenna
2" (50 mm)
Minimum Diameter
Coupling
Nozzle Height
" L " Dimension
2" (50 mm)
0.50" (13 mm)
Minimum
8" (200 mm)
2" (50 mm)
0.68 (17) Thread
Engagement
2.8
(55)
DIELECTRIC RODS
C
∅
A
D
All
All
BSP
8th Digit
Antenna
Extension
(maximum “L”
dimension)
Dim A
Dim B
Dim C
0
1" (25 mm)
2.2 (56)
11.1 (282)
3.0 (76)
1
4" (100 mm )
5.1 (130) 14.0 (356)
5.9 (150)
9.1 (231) 18.0 (457)
9.9 (251)
Model #
B
2
8" (200 mm)
3
12" (300 mm)
13.1 (333) 22.0 (559) 13.9 (353)
Antenna Extension O.D.
Dimension D
TFE Rod
∅ 1.625 (41)
PP Rod
∅ 1.50 (38)
All-Plastic
Rod
∅ 1.625 (41)
HORNS
3
(76)
H
∅
Aperture
16
8th Digit
Antenna
Extension
(maximum “L”
dimension)
0
1" (25 mm)
1
4" (100 mm )
Model #
2
8" (200 mm)
3
12" (300 mm)
Aperture
3" Horn
4" Horn
6" Horn
Dim H
Dim H
Dim H
2.7 (51)
4.6 (117)
N/A
2.95" (75 mm)
8.4 (213)
8.3 (211)
12.4 (315)
12.4 (315)
3.75" (95 mm)
5.75" (146 mm)
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
2.4.1.5 Standpipes and Stillwells
•
•
•
•
Set Screw
Index
Mark
Universal
Connector
1 dot: GP/IS
2 dots: XP
•
•
•
•
•
Index
Mark
•
The PULSAR Model R96 can be mounted in a standpipe
or stillwell but certain items must be considered:
Metal stillwells only: Sizes 3–8 inches (80–200 mm).
(Beyond 8", effects are negligible.)
Diameter must be consistent throughout length; no reducers.
Use only horn antennas sized to pipe inside diameter (ID);
3–6" (80–150mm); 8" pipe can use a 6" horn.
Stillwell length must cover complete range of measurement
(i.e., liquid must be in stillwell).
Welds should be smooth.
Vents: holes <0.5" diameter, slots <0.5" width.
If an isolation valve is used, it must be a full port ball valve
with an I.D. equal to the pipe diameter.
Bridles/Bypass Installations: The launcher (index mark)
should be rotated 90° from process connections.
Configuration must include an entry for the STILWELL I.D
parameter. See Section 2.6.5.
There will be some increased dielectric sensitivity; system
gain will be reduced when STILWELL ID >0.
2.4.2 Installing the Transmitter
PULSAR Model R96 Mounted in
Stillwell (Bridle)
inde
• Remove the protective plastic cap from the top of antenna.
Store the cap in a safe place in case the transmitter has to be
removed later.
• Carefully place the transmitter on the antenna.
• Rotate the transmitter to face the most convenient direction
for wiring, configuration and viewing. Do not tighten the
universal connector (large hex nut) nor the set screw on the
housing base. The transmitter launcher must be oriented
properly for optimal performance.
• Do not place insulating material around any part of the
radar transmitter including the antenna flange.
2.4.2.1 Orientation
rk
x ma
45°
Polarization Pattern
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
The PULSAR Model R96 transmitter utilizes a linearly
polarized, microwave beam that can be rotated to improve
its performance. Proper orientation can minimize unwanted
target reflections, decrease sidewall reflections (multipath)
and maximize direct reflections from the liquid surface. The
index mark located on the side of the launcher is oriented in
the same direction as the polarization.
The index mark is also present for reference(1 dot: GP/IS or
2 dots: XP). The launcher is considered to be at 0° when
the index mark is closest to the tank wall. (See figures at left.)
17
2.4.2.2 Initial Installation
(fa
In Lau
de n
c
ci x m he
ng
r
a
45 rk
°)
Ideally, the transmitter should be mounted half the radius
from the tank wall. Align the index mark so it is at an angle
of 45 degrees to a line from the radar unit to the nearest
tank wall. For horizontal cylindrical vessels, align the
launcher (index mark) so it is facing along the long axis of
the vessel. Once properly oriented, tighten set screws and
Universal connector (30 ft-lbs (40 Nm) of force).
1/2 Radius
90°
A transmitter mounted within 18" (45 cm) of a tank wall may
demand orientation adjustments to limit multipath and
optimize performance. See Section 2.4.2.3 Low Echo Margin.
45°
Top View
Mounted 1⁄2 radius
NOTE: ALWAYS RUN THE ECHO REJECTION ROUTINE AFTER MAKING
CHANGES TO MENU CHOICES (Antenna Model, Antenna
Extension, Antenna Mount, Tank Height, Blocking Distance,
Dielectric, Turbulence, Rate Change, Foam) or when launcher is
repositioned.
2.4.2.3 Low Echo Margin
Low Echo Margin has many potential causes. Following are
two initial areas for investigation.
Launcher Orientation: Initial launcher orientation is always
45 degrees (see Sections 2.4.1 & 2.4.2). In tall vessels and
when antenna is mounted close to the tank wall, improvement in Echo Margin (signal quality) may be attained by
rotating the launcher to 90 degrees.
Set Screw
Universal
Connector
•
•
•
•
•
18
Echo Loss: If the Level signal is lost repeatedly at a specific
point in the vessel, it is usually a symptom that multipath
(side-wall) reflections are causing cancellation by returning
to the transmitter exactly 180° out of phase with the actual
Level signal. This can be improved by utilizing the following procedure:
Scroll to Display Config Menu under Device Setup. This
menu shows both Level and Echo Margin.
Bring the Level up (or down) to the exact point where the
signal is repeatedly lost. Monitor the Echo Margin value as
this point is being approached. The Echo Margin value will
degrade to a low point before it begins to increase.
When the Echo Margin reaches this low point, loosen both
the Universal connector and the set screw. Slowly rotate the
launcher clockwise approximately 10–20° (the transmitter
can be rotated independently). Allow the unit to stabilize
for approximately 1 minute. Repeat this process until the
Echo Margin value is optimized.
Without disturbing the position of the launcher, position
the transmitter head back to its most convenient location.
Tighten both the Universal connector (30 ft-lbs (40 Nm) of
force) and Launcher set screw.
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
NOTE: ALWAYS RUN THE TARGET REJECTION ROUTINE AFTER
MAKING CHANGES TO MENU CHOICES (Antenna Model,
Antenna Extension, Antenna Mount, Tank Height, Blocking
Distance, Dielectric, Turbulence, Rate Change, Foam) or
when launcher is repositioned.
2.5
Wiring
Caution: HART versions of the PULSAR Model R96 transmitter
operate at voltages of 11–36 VDC. FOUNDATION fieldbus™
versions operate at 9–17.5 VDC. Higher voltages will damage the transmitter.
Wiring connections between the power supply and the
PULSAR Model R96 Radar Transmitter should be made
using 18–22 AWG (0.5–1mm2) shielded twisted pair
instrument cable. Connections are made to the terminal
strip and the ground connections within the top enclosure
compartment.
The directions for wiring the PULSAR Model R96 transmitter depend on the application:
• General Purpose or Non-Incendive (Cl I, Div. 2)
• Intrinsically Safe
• Explosion Proof
WARNING! Explosion hazard. Do not disconnect equipment unless
power has been switched off or the area is known to be
non-hazardous.
To avoid moisture ingress in the housing, covers should be
fully tightened at all times. For the same reason, cable
gland and plugs should be properly installed in the cable
entries.
Black (-)
2.5.1 General Purpose or Non-incendive (Cl I, Div. 2)
Red (+)
A general purpose installation does not have flammable
media present.
Areas rated Non-Incendive (Cl I, Div. 2) have flammable
media present only under abnormal conditions.
(+)
(-)
No special electrical connections are required.
Caution: If flammable media is contained in the vessel, the transmitter must be installed per Class I, Div 1 standards of
area classification.
1.
2.
3.
4.
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
To install General Purpose or Non-Incendive wiring:
Remove the cover from the wiring compartment of the
transmitter. Install the conduit plug in the unused opening
and use PTFE tape/sealant to ensure a liquid-tight
connection.
Install a conduit fitting and pull the supply wires.
Connect shield to an earth ground at power supply.
Connect an earth ground wire to the nearest green ground
screw (not shown in illustration).
19
6. Replace and tighten the cover to the transmitter wiring
compartment before applying power.
2.5.2 Intrinsically Safe
An Intrinsically Safe (IS) installation potentially has flammable media present. An approved IS barrier must be
installed in the non-hazardous (safe) area to limit the available energy out to the hazardous area.
See Agency Drawing – Intrinsically Safe Installation,
Section 3.5.1.
To install Intrinsically Safe wiring:
Black (-)
Red (+)
(+)
(-)
1. Ensure that the IS barrier is properly installed in the safe
area (refer to local plant or facility procedures). Complete
the wiring from the power supply to the barrier and from
the barrier to the PULSAR Model R96 transmitter.
2. Remove the cover from the wiring compartment of the
transmitter. Install the conduit plug in the unused opening
and use PTFE tape/sealant to ensure a liquid-tight
connection.
3. Install a conduit fitting and pull the supply wires.
4. Connect shield to an earth ground at power supply.
5. Connect an earth ground wire to the nearest green ground
screw (not shown in illustration).
6. Connect the positive supply wire to the (+) terminal and
the negative supply wire to the (-) terminal.
7. Replace and tighten the cover to the wiring compartment
of the transmitter before applying power.
2.5.3 Explosion Proof
Explosion Proof (also referred to as XP or flameproof ) is
another method of designing equipment for installation
into hazardous areas. A hazardous location is an area in
which flammable gases or vapors are (or may be) present
in the air in quantities sufficient to produce explosive or
ignitable mixtures.
The wiring for the transmitter must be contained in
Explosion Proof conduit extending into the safe area.
• Due to the specialized design of the PULSAR Model R96
transmitter, no Explosion Proof conduit fitting (EY seal) is
required within 18" of the transmitter.
• An Explosion Proof conduit fitting (EY seal) is required
between the hazardous and safe areas. See Agency
Specifications, Section 3.5.
20
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
(–) negative
(+) positive
6.
+
–
–
+
Power Supply
24 VDC
Test
Current Meter
G.P./I.S./Explosion Proof Model
2.6
To install an Explosion Proof transmitter:
Install Explosion Proof conduit from the safe area to the
conduit connection of the PULSAR Model R96 transmitter (refer to local plant or facility procedures).
Remove the cover from the wiring compartment of the
transmitter.
Connect shield to an earth ground at the power supply.
Connect an Earth ground wire to the nearest green ground
screw per local electrical code (not shown in illustration).
Connect the positive supply wire to the (+) terminal and
the negative supply wire to the (-) terminal.
Replace and tighten the cover to the wiring compartment
of the transmitter before applying power.
Configuring the Transmitter
Although the PULSAR Model R96 transmitter can be
delivered pre-configured from the factory, it can also be
easily reconfigured in the shop or at the installation using
the local LCD/Keypad or PACTware/DTM. Bench configuration provides a convenient and efficient way to set up
the transmitter before going to the tank site to complete
the installation.
Before configuring any transmitter, collect all operating
parameters information (refer to Section 1.1.2).
Apply power to the transmitter and follow the step-by-step
procedures for the menu-driven transmitter display. Refer
to Sections 2.6.2 and 2.6.4.
Information on configuring the transmitter using a HART
communicator is given in Section 2.7, Configuration
Using HART.
Refer to I/O manual 58-640 for information on
FOUNDATION fieldbus output.
2.6.1 Bench Configuration
The PULSAR Model R96 transmitter can be easily configured at a test bench by connecting a standard 24 VDC
power supply directly to the transmitter terminals as
shown in the accompanying diagram. An optional digital
multimeter is shown in the event that mA current measurements are desired.
NOTE: Current measurements taken at these test points are an
approximate value. Accurate current readings should be
taken with the digital multimeter directly in series with the
loop.
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
21
NOTE: When using a HART communicator for configuration, a minimum 250-ohm line load resistance is required. Refer to your
HART communicator manual for additional information.
NOTE: The transmitter can be configured without the antenna
attached. Disregard any diagnostic indicators that may
appear.
2.6.2 Menu Traversal and Data Entry
The four push buttons offer various forms of functionality
for navigation and data entry.
The PULSAR Model R96 user interface is hierarchical in
nature, best described as a tree structure. Each level in the
tree contains one or more items. Items are either menu
labels or parameter names.
• Menu labels are presented in all capital letters
• Parameters are capital words
➪
2.6.2.1 Navigating the Menu
UP moves to the previous item in the menu branch.
➪
DOWN moves to the next item in the menu branch.
BACK moves back one level to the previous (higher)
branch item.
➪
➪ ENTER enters into the lower level branch or switches
to the entry mode. Holding the ENTER down on any
highlighted menu name or parameter will show help
text for that item.
2.6.2.2 Data Selection
➪
➪
This method is used for selecting configuration data from
a specific list.
UP and
DOWN to navigate the menu and highlight the item of interest
Down
Back
Enter
UP and
➪
Up
➪
➪ ENTER allows modification of that selection
DOWN to choose new data selection
➪ ENTER to confirm selection
➪
Use
BACK (Escape) key at any time to abort the procedure and escape to previous branch item
22
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
2.6.2.3 Entering Numeric Data Using Digit Entry
This method is used to input numeric data, e.g., Tank
Height, 4 mA setpoint and 20 mA setpoint.
Push button
Up
Keystroke Action
Moves up to the next highest digit (0,1,2,3,....,9
or decimal point). If held down the digits scroll
until the push button is released.
Moves up to the next lowest digit (0,1,2,3,....,9 or
Down decimal point). If held down the digits scroll until
the push button is released.
Back
Moves the cursor to the left and deletes a digit. If
the cursor is already at the leftmost position,
then the screen is exited without changing the
previously saved value.
Enter
Moves the cursor to the right. If the cursor is
located at a blank character position, the new
value is saved.
All numeric values are left-justified, and new values are
entered from left to right. A decimal point can be
entered after the first digit is entered, such that .9 is
entered as 0.9.
Some configuration parameters can have a negative
value. In this case, the leftmost position is reversed for
the sign (either "-" for a negative value, or "+" for a positive value).
2.6.2.4 Entering Numeric Data Using Increment/Decrement
Use this method to input the following data into
parameters such as Damping and Failure Alarm.
Push button
Keystroke Action
Increments the displayed value. If held down
the digits scroll until the push button is released.
Up
Depending on which screen is being revised, the
increment amount may increase by a factor of 10
after the value has been incremented 10 times.
Decrements the displayed value. If held down the
digits scroll until the push button is released.
Depending on which screen is being revised, the
Down
decrement amount may increase by a factor of
10 after the value has been decremented 10
times.
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
Back
Returns to the previous menu without changing
the original value, which is immediately redisplayed.
Enter
Accepts the displayed value and returns to the
previous menu.
23
2.6.2.5 Entering Character Data
This method is used for parameters requiring alphanumeric
character entry, such as for entering tags, etc.
General Menu Notes:
Push button
Up
Keystroke Action
Moves to the previous character (Z...Y...X...W).
If held down, the characters scroll until the push
button is released.
Moves to the next item character (A...B...C...D).
Down If held down, the characters scroll until the push
button is released.
Back
Moves the cursor back to the left. If the cursor is
already at the leftmost position, then the screen
is exited without changing the original tag characters.
Enter
Moves the cursor forward to the right. If the
cursor is at the rightmost position, then the
new tag is saved.
2.6.3 Password Protection
The PULSAR Model R96 transmitter has three levels of
password protection to restrict access to certain portions of
the menu structure that affect the operation of the system.
The user password can be changed to any numerical value
up to 59999. When the transmitter is programmed for
password protection, a password is required whenever
configuration values are changed.
User Password
The User Password allows the customer to limit access to
the basic configuration parameters.
The default User Password installed in the transmitter at
the factory is 0. With a password of 0, the transmitter is no
longer password protected and any value in the basic user
menus can be adjusted without entering a confirming
password.
NOTE: If a User Password is not known or has been misplaced, the
menu item New Password in the DEVICE SETUP/ADVANCED
CONFIG menu displays an encrypted value representing the
present password. Contact Technical Support with this
encrypted password to retrieve the original User Password.
24
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
Advanced Password
Certain portions of the menu structure that contain more
advanced parameters are further protected by an Advanced
Password.
This password will be provided, when necessary, by Factory
technical support.
Factory Password
Calibration-related and other factory settings are further
protected by a Factory Password.
2.6.4 Model R96 Menu: Step-By-Step Procedure
➪
➪
NOTE: Context-sensitive HELP is available for all menu items. With the
menu item highlighted, hold down the ➪ ENTER key for two
seconds. Use
UP and
DOWN for navigation.
The following tables provide a complete explanation of the
software menus displayed by the PULSAR Model R96
transmitter. The menu layout is similar between the local
Keypad/LCD interface, the DD, and the DTM.
Use these tables as a step-by-step guide to configure the
transmitter based on the desired measurement type from the
following selections:
• Level Only
• Volume & Level
HOME SCREEN
•
•
•
•
The Home Screen consists of a “slide show” sequence of
Measured Values screens which are rotated at 2-second
intervals. Each Home Measured Value screen can present up
to four information items:
HART® Tag
Measured Value
Label, Numerical Value, Units
Status
Will be displayed as text or optionally with NAMUR
NE 107 symbol
Primary Value Bar Graph (shown in %)
The Home Screen presentation can be customized by viewing or hiding some of these items. See DISPLAY CONFIG
under the DEVICE SETUP menu in Section 2.6.5 —
Configuration Menu.
Up
Down
Back
Enter
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
At left is an example of a Home Screen for a Model R96
configured for a Level Only application.
25
MAIN MENU
Pressing any key on the Home Screen will present the Main
Menu, consisting of three basic menu labels shown in all
capital letters.
• DEVICE SETUP
• DIAGNOSTICS
• MEASURED VALUES
As shown, the reverse video represents a cursor identifying
the selected item, which will appear in reverse video on the
LCD. The actions of the keys at this point are:
Push button
Up
Keystroke Action
No action as the cursor is already at the first
item in the MAIN MENU
Down
Moves the cursor to DIAGNOSTICS
Back
Moves back to HOME SCREEN, the level
above MAIN MENU
Enter
Presents the selected item, DEVICE SETUP
NOTES: 1. Items and parameters that are shown in lower level menus
will depend on the Measurement Type chosen. Those
parameter not applicable to the present Measurement Type
will be hidden.
2. Holding down the Enter key when the cursor is highlighted
over a parameter or menu will provide additional information
about that item.
DEVICE SETUP
Choosing DEVICE SETUP from the MAIN MENU will
result in an LCD presentation as shown at left.
The small down arrow shown at the right hand side of the
screen is the indication that more items are available below
and can be accessed by pressing the DOWN key.
Section 2.6.5 shows the entire tree menu for the Model R96
DEVICE SETUP Menu.
DIAGNOSTICS
Refer to Section 3.4
MEASURED VALUES
Allows the user to scroll through all of the available
measured values for the measurement type chosen.
26
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
Sensor Reference Point
Top Blocking
Distance
Safety
Zone
Distance
Sensor
Level
Distance
Measurement
Region
Tank
Height
Level Trim
Level = Tank Height – Distance
Bottom Blocking Distance
R96 Level Model
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
27
2.6.5 Model R96 Configuration Menu — Device Setup
➪
NOTE: Context-sensitive HELP is available for all menu items. With the menu item highlighted, hold
down the ➪ ENTER key for two seconds. Use
UP and
DOWN for navigation.
➪
Home Screen
Main Menu
Device Setup
Quick Start
Identity
Basic Config
I/O Config
Display Config
Advanced Config
Factory Config
Level Units:
Inches
Feet
Millimeters
Centimeters
Meters
Tank Height
20 inches to 130 feet
(50 cm to 40 m)
Antenna Mount:
NPT
BSP
Flange
Antenna Model:
RAA-x TFE Rod
RAB-G PolyP Rod
RAB-L PolyP Rod
RAB-x PolyP Rod
RAC-x Halar Rod
RA3-x 3" Horn
RA4-x 4" Horn
RA6-x 6" Horn
4 mA Set Point (LRV):
0 to 130 feet
(0 to 40 meters)
Antenna Extension:
-0** No nozzle
-1** Nozzle ≤ 4"
-2** Nozzle ≤ 8"
-3** Nozzle ≤ 12"
Home Screen
Main Menu
Device Setup
Quick Start
Identity
Model (read only)
Magnetrol S/N (read only)
Hardware Rev. (read only)
Firmware Rev. (read only)
Long Tag
Antenna Model:
RAA-x TFE Rod
RAB-G PolyP Rod
RAB-L PolyP Rod
RAB-x PolyP Rod
RAC-x Halar Rod
RA3-x 3" Horn
RA4-x 4" Horn
RA6-x 6" Horn
20 mA Set Point (URV):
0 to 130 feet
(0 to 40 meters)
PV Alarm Selection:
High (22 mA)
Low (3.6 mA)
HOLD (Last Output Value)
System Units:
Inches
Feet
Millimeters
Centimeters
Meters
Measurement Type:
Level Only
System Units
Volume and Level
Basic Config
I/O Config
Display Config
Advanced Config
Factory Config
Dielectric Range:
1.7 to 3.0
3.0 to 10
Above 10
Dielectric Range:
1.7 to 3.0
3.0 to 10
Above 10
Foam:
None
Light
Medium
Heavy
Antenna Extension:
-0** No nozzle
-1** Nozzle ≤ 4"
-2** Nozzle ≤ 8"
-3** Nozzle ≤ 12"
Turbulance:
None
Light
Medium
Heavy
Antenna Mount:
NPT
BSP
Flange
Rate of Change:
< 5 in/min
5-20 in/min
20-60 in/min
> 60 in/min
ECHO REJECTION:
View Echo Curve
View Reject Curve (Rej Profile Valid)
Echo List Mode
Level
Distance
Live Echo List
Rejected Echo List (Rej Profile Valid)
Reject Curve End
Echo Reject State
Off
Disabled (Rej Profile Saved)
Enabled (Rej Profile Valid)
NEW REJECT CURVE
Select Target Echo
New Rej Curve End
Save Reject Curve
Tank Height:
20 inches to 130 feet
(50 cm to 40 meters)
Stillwell I.D.:
1.6 to 19.7 inches
40 to 500 mm
28
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
2.6.5 Model R96 Configuration Menu — Device Setup
Home Screen
Main Menu
Device Setup
Level Units:
Inches
Feet
Millimeters
Centimeters
Meters
Volume Units:
Cubic Feet
Cubic Inches
Gallons
Barrels
Milliliters
Liters
Quick Start
Identity
Basic Config
Volume Config
I/O Config
Display Config
Advanced Config
Factory Config
Antenna Model:
RAA-x TFE Rod
RAB-G PolyP Rod
RAB-L PolyP Rod
RAB-x PolyP Rod
RAC-x Halar Rod
RA3-x 3" Horn
RA4-x 4" Horn
RA6-x 6" Horn
Antenna Extension:
-0** No nozzle
-1** nozzle ≤ 4"
-2** nozzle ≤ 8"
-3** nozzle ≤ 12"
Antenna Mount:
NPT
BSP
Flange
Measurement Type:
Level Only
Volume and Level
SYSTEM UNITS
Stillwell I.D.:
1.6 to 19.7 inches
(40 to 5000 mm)
Dielectric Range:
1.7 to 3.0
3.0 to 10
Above 10
Turbulance:
None
Light
Medium
Heavy
Foam:
None
Light
Medium
Heavy
Tank Height:
20 inches to 130 feet
(50 cm to 40 meters)
Rate of Change:
< 5 in/min
5-20 in/min
20-60 in/min
> 60 in/min
Quick Start
Identity
Basic Config
Volume Config
I/O Config
Display Config
Vessel Type:
Rectangular
Horizontal/Flat
Horizontal/Elliptical
Horizontal/Spherical
Spherical
Vertical/Flat
Vertical/Elliptical
Vertical/Spherical
Vertical/Conical
Custom Table
ECHO REJECTION:
View Echo Curve
View Reject Curve (Rej Profile Valid)
Echo List Mode
Level
Distance
Live Echo List
Rejected Echo List (Rej Profile Valid)
Reject Curve End
Echo Reject State
Off
Disabled (Rej Profile Saved)
Enabled (Rej Profile Valid)
NEW REJECT CURVE
Select Target Echo
New Rej Curve End
Save Reject Curve
Home Screen
Main Menu
Device Setup
CUSTOM TABLE SETUP:
Custom Table Type:
Linear
Spline
Level Input Source:
Keypad
Sensor
CUSTOM TABLE VALUES:
VESSEL DIMENSIONS:
(not used with Custom Table)
Width
Length
Sensor Offset
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
29
2.6.5 Model R96 Configuration Menu — Device Setup
Home Screen
Main Menu
Device Setup
Quick Start
Identity
Basic Config
I/O Config
Primary Variable (PV)
4 mA Set Pt (LRV):
0 to 130 feet
(0 to 40 meters)
0 to 9999999 gals (Volume)
20 mA Set Pt (URV):
0 to 130 feet
(0 to 30 meters)
0 to 9999999 cf (Volume)
PV Alarm Selection:
High
Low
Hold (Last Output Value)
Damping:
0 to 10 seconds
Display Config
Advanced Config
Factory Config
Language:
English
French
German
Spanish
Russian
Portuguese
Loop Current:
Hide
View
Status Symbol:
Hide
View
Echo Margin:
Hide
View
Long Tag:
Hide
View
Elec Temp:
Hide
View
Echo Strength:
Hide
View
PV Bar Graph:
Hide
View
Level:
Hide
View
Volume:
(Volume and Level mode only)
Hide
View
Distance:
Hide
View
PV % Range:
Hide
View
30
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
2.6.5 Model R96 Configuration Menu — Device Setup
Home Screen
Main Menu
Device Setup
Quick Start
Identity
Basic Config
I/O Config
Display Config
Advanced Config
Factory Config
Sensitivity:
50 to 200
Top Blocking Distance:
-12 to 120 inches
(-30 cm to 3 meters)
Bottom Blocking Distance:
0 to 120 inches
(0 to 3 meters)
SAFETY ZONE SETTINGS
Safety Zone Alarm:
None
3.6 mA
22 mA
Latched 3.6 mA
Latched 22 mA
Safety Zone Height:
(not used when Safety Alarm is
None)
2 inches to 20 feet
(5 cm to 6 meters)
Reset SZ Alarm
(used when Safety Alarm is
Latch 3.6 mA or Latch 22 mA)
ECHO LOSS SETTINGS:
Echo Loss Alarm:
High
Low
Hold (Last Value Output)
Echo Loss Delay:
1 to 1000 seconds
Failure Alarm Delay:
0 to 5 seconds
TIME VARIABLE GAIN:
TVG Start Value
TVG End Value
TVG Start Location
# Run Average
Max Surface Velocity
Max Level Jump
Empty State Delay
ANALOG OUTPUT:
HART Poll Address:
0 to 63
Loop Current Mode:
Disabled (Fixed)
Enabled (PV)
[Fixed Current Value]
4 to 20 mA
ADJUST ANALOG
OUTPUT:
Adjust 4mA
Adjust 20mA
New User Password:
0 to 59,999
CONFIG CHANGED:
Indicator Mode:
Disabled
Enabled
Reset Config Chngd:
Reset?
No
Yes
Reset Parameters:
No
Yes
Level Trim:
-10 to +10 inches
(-25 to +25 cm)
THRESHOLD SETTINGS
Target Selection:
First Echo
Largest Echo
Target Thresh Mode:
Automatic
Fixed Value
Target Thresh Value:
0-99
Base Threshold:
0–99 ESU
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
31
2.6.5 Model R96 Configuration Menu — Device Setup
Home Screen
Main Menu
Device Setup
Quick Start
Identity
Basic Config
I/O Config
Display Config
Advanced Config
Factory Config
NAP
Factory Reset
FIDUCIAL ADJUSTMENT
Fiducial Gain:
0 to 255 (read only)
Fiducial Stength
TVG Start Location
Window
Fiducial Ticks
FACTORY CALIBRATION
(Factory password required)
Elec Temp Offset
Conversion Factor
Scale Offset
Tug Divisor
32
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
2.7
Configuration Using HART®
A HART (Highway Addressable Remote Transducer)
remote unit, such as a HART communicator, can be used to
provide a communication link to the PULSAR Model R96
transmitter. When connected to the control loop, the same
system measurement readings shown on the transmitter are
also shown on the communicator. The communicator can
also be used to configure the transmitter.
The HART communicator may need to be updated to
include the PULSAR Model R96 software (Device
Descriptions). Refer to your HART Communicator Manual
for update instructions.
Junction
R L > 250 Ω
-
+
One can also access configuration parameters using
PACTware and the Model R96 DTM, or using the AMS
with EDDL.
2.7.1 Connections
Control
Room
Display
Power
Supply
Current
Meter
A HART communicator can be operated from a remote
location by connecting it to a remote junction or by connecting it directly to the terminal block in the electronics
housing of the PULSAR Model R96 transmitter.
HART uses the Bell 202 frequency shift key technique of
high-frequency digital signals. It operates on the 4–20 mA
loop and requires 250 Ω load resistance. A typical connection between a communicator and the PULSAR Model R96
transmitter is illustrated.
2.7.2 Display Menu
A typical communicator display is an 8-line by 21-character
LCD. When connected, the top line of each menu displays
the model (Model R96) and its tag number or address. For
detailed operating information, refer to the instruction
manual provided with the HART communicator.
The PULSAR Model R96 transmitter online menu trees are
shown in the following illustration. Open the menu by
pressing the alphanumeric key 4, Device Setup, to display
the second-level menu.
2.7.3 HART Revision Table
2.7.3.1 Model R96
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
HART Version
HCF Release Date
Compatible with R96 Software
Dev V1 DD1
December 2015
Version 1.0a and later
33
2.7.4 HART Menu
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
PV
PV Loop Current
PV % Range
Device Setup
Setup Wizard
Diagnostics
Measured Values
1
2
3
4
5
6
1 Identity
2 Basic Config
Level
Volume
Distance
Echo Strength
Echo Margin
Temperature
3 Volume Config
4 I/O Config
5 Local Display Config
6 Advanced Config
7 Factory Config
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Enter Password
Measurement Type
System Units
Antenna Model
Antenna Extension
Antenna Mount
Basic Config Diagram
Tank Height
Stillwell I.D.
Dielectric Range
Turbulance
Foam
Rate of Change
Echo Rejection
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Enter Password
Vessel Type
Length
Width
Radius
Ellipse Depth
Conical Height
Sensor Offset
Table Type
Level Source
Sensor Input
Vessel Diagrams
Table Length
Custom Table
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Enter Password
PV is
PV LRV
PV URV
PV AO Alarm Type
Damping
I/O Config Diagram
Variable Selection
Set Points
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1 Level Units
2 Volume Units
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Echo Graph
Curve 1
Curve 2
Refresh Echo List
Echo Reject State
Echo List Type
Echo List Mode
Saved Reject Distance
Saved Reject Location
New Rejection Curve
Echo List grid
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Manufacturer
Model
Magnetrol S/N
Hardware Rev.
Firmware Rev.
Cfg chng count
Dev id
Universal Rev
Fld Dev Rev
Software Rev
Num Req Preams
1 SV is
2 TV is
3 4V is
1
2
3
4
34
Enter Password
Tag
Long Tag
Descriptor
Final asmbly num
Date
Message
Date/Time/Initials
Factory Identity
Lvl 4mA Set Point
Lvl 20mA Set Point
Vol 4mA Set Point
Vol 20mA Set Point
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
2.7.4 HART Menu
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
PV
PV Loop Current
PV % Range
Device Setup
Setup Wizard
Diagnostics
Measured Values
1
2
3
4
5
6
Level
Volume
Distance
Echo Strength
Echo Margin
Temperature
(continued)
1
2
3
4
5
Identity
Basic Config
Volume Config
I/O Config
Local Display Config
1
2
3
4
5
6
Enter Password
Language
Status Symbol
Long Tag
PV Bar Graph
Measured Values
1 Safety Zone Alarm
2 Safety Zone Height
3 Reset SZ Alarm
6 Advanced Config
7 Factory Config
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
Enter Password
Sensitivity
Top Blocking Distance
Bottom Blocking Distance
Safety Zone Settings
Echo Loss Settings
Failure Alarm Delay
Adv Config Diagram
Level Trim
Threshold Settings
Time Variable Gain
# Run Average Depth
Max Surface Velocity
Max Distance Jump
Empty State Delay
Analog Output
New User Password
Reset Parameters
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Enter Password
Fiducial Adjustment
NAPValue
Factory Reset
Factory Param 1
Factory Param 2
Factory Param 3
Factory Param 4
Factory Calib
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Level
Distance
Volume
Echo Strength
Signal Margin
PV % Range
Loop Current
Elec Temp
1 Echo Loss Alarm
2 Echo Loss Delay
1
2
3
4
Target Selection
Target Thresh Mode
Target Thresh Value
Base Threshold
1 TVG Start Value
2 TVG End Value
3 TVG Start Location
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Poll Address
Loop Current Mode
Fixed Loop Current
Adjust Analog Output
4 mA Trim Value
20 mA Trim Value
Fdbk 4 mA Trim Value
Fdbk 20 mA Trim Value
1
2
3
4
5
Fiducial Gain
Fiducial Strength
Window
Fiducial Ticks
TVG Start Location
1
2
3
4
Conversion Factor
Scale Offset
Elec Temp Offset
TVG Divisor
35
3.0 Reference Information
This section presents an overview of the operation of the
PULSAR Model R96 Radar Level Transmitter, information
on troubleshooting, common problems, listings of agency
approvals, lists of replacement and recommended spare
parts, and detailed physical, functional and performance
specifications.
3.1 Description
PULSAR Model R96 is a two-wire, 24 VDC, level transmitter based on the concept of pulse burst radar. The electronics are housed in an ergonomic housing comprised of
two tandem compartments angled at a 45 degree angle for
ease of wiring and calibration. These two compartments
connect via a watertight feed-through.
3.2 Theory of Operation
Pulse
3.2.1 Pulse Burst Radar
Pulse Burst
PULSAR Model R96 is a top-mounted, downward-looking
pulse burst radar operating at 6 GHz. Unlike true pulse
devices (GWR, for example) that transmit a single, sharp
(fast rise-time) waveform of wide-band energy, PULSAR
Model R96 emits short bursts of 6 GHz energy and measures the transit time of the signal reflected off the liquid
surface. Distance is calculated utilizing the equation:
Distance = C × Transit time/2, then developing the Level
value by factoring in application-specific configuration. The
exact reference point for distance and level calculations is
the Sensor Reference Point—bottom of an NPT thread, top
of a BSP thread or face of a flange.
1 ns
500 ns
NPT
Process
Connection
BSP
Process
Connection
ANSI or DIN
Welded Flange
Distance = c × (time ÷ 2)
Sensor Reference Point
36
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
The exact level measurement is extracted from false target
reflections and other background noise via the use of
sophisticated signal processing. The new PULSAR Model
R96 circuitry is extremely energy efficient so no duty cycling
is necessary to accomplish effective measurement.
3.2.2 Equivalent Time Sampling
ETS, or Equivalent Time Sampling, is used to measure the
high speed, low power EM (electromagnetic) energy. ETS is
a critical key in the application of Radar to vessel level
measurement technology. The high speed electromagnetic
energy (1000 ft/µs) is difficult to measure over short distances and at the resolution required in the process industry.
ETS captures the EM signals in real time (nanoseconds) and
reconstructs them in equivalent time (milliseconds), which
is much easier to measure with today’s technology.
ETS is accomplished by scanning the tank to collect thousands of samples. Approximately three scans are taken per
second; each scan gathers more than 50,000 samples.
3.3
Configuration Information
This section is intended to offer additional configurationrelated details with respect to some of the parameters shown
in the Menu in Section 2.6.
3.3.1 Bottom Blocking Distance Description
Level Units = inches
Antenna Model = RA6
Antenna Mount = Flange
20 mA
Tank Height = 82 in
Bottom Blocking
Distance = 0 in
82"
60"
Dielectric Range =
Above 10
4 mA
24"
4 mA = 24 in
20 mA = 60 in
Example 1
The parameter referred to as Bottom Blocking Distance in
the PULSAR Model R96 DEVICE SETUP/ADVANCED
CONFIG menu is defined as the distance from the bottom
of the tank to the lowest valid level reading. (The level reading will never be lower than the Bottom Blocking Distance.)
The PULSAR Model R96 transmitter is shipped from the
factory with Bottom Blocking Distance set to 0. With this
configuration, level measurements are referenced from the
bottom of the tank. See Example 1.
Example 1 (Bottom Blocking Distance = 0 as shipped
from factory):
Application calls for a Model R96 antenna in an 82-inch
tank with a flanged process connection. The process
medium is water.
The user wants the 4 mA Set Point (LRV) at 24 inches
and the 20 mA Set Point (URV) at 60 inches as
referenced from the bottom of the tank.
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
37
Level Units = inches
Antenna Model = RA6
Antenna Mount = Flange
Tank Height = 82 in
20 mA
Bottom Blocking
Distance = 10 in
82"
Dielectric Range =
Above 10
60"
4 mA
4 mA = 14 in
24"
10"
20 mA = 50 in
Example 2
Level Units = inches
Antenna Model = RA3
Example 2 (Bottom Blocking Distance = 10 inches):
Application calls for a Model R96 antenna in an 82-inch
tank with a flanged process connection.
The user wants the 4 mA Set Point (LRV) at 24 inches
and the 20 mA Set Point (URV) at 60 inches as
referenced from the bottom of the tank.
When the PULSAR Model R96 transmitter is mounted in a
stillwell, it is usually desirable to configure the unit with the
4 mA Set Point (LRV) at the lower process connection and
the 20 mA Set Point (URV) at the upper process connection. The measuring range then becomes the center-to-center dimension.
Example 3:
Application calls for a Model RA3 flanged antenna measuring water in a 3-inch ID. The user wants the 4 mA
point to be 6 inches at the bottom process connection
and the 20 mA point to be 36 inches at the top process
connection.
Antenna Mount =
Flange
20 mA
48"
30"
Tank Height = 48 in
Bottom Blocking
Distance = 6.0 in
Dielectric Range =
Above 10
4 mA
6"
3"
4 mA = 6 in
20 mA = 36 in
Stillwell ID = 3 in
Example 3
38
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
3.3.2 Echo Rejection
Since all Non-Contact radar transmitters are
application/installation dependent, Echo Rejection
(ignoring false targets) is necessary.
The Model R96 transmitter Echo Rejection feature is
located in the DEVICE SETUP/BASIC CONFIG menu,
and requires the User Password to activate. It is highly
recommended that this feature be used with the waveform
capture capability of the Model R96 DTM and PACTware™.
Refer to Section 4.0 “Advanced Configuration/
Troubleshooting Techniques” or contact MAGNETROL
Technical Support for additional instructions.
3.3.3 Volumetric Capability
Selecting Measurement Type = Volume and Level allows the
Model R96 transmitter to measure volume as the Primary
Measured Value.
3.3.3.1 Configuration using built-in Vessel Types
The following table provides an explanation of each of the
System Configuration parameters required for volume
applications that use one of the nine Vessel Types.
MEASUREMENT TYPE = LEVEL & VOLUME
Configuration Parameter
System Units
Vessel Type
Explanation
A selection of Gallons, Barrels, Milliliters, Liters, Cubic Feet, or Cubic Inches, is provided.
(Factory default is Cubic Feet)
Select either Vertical/Flat (factory default Vessel Type), Vertical/Elliptical, Vertical/Spherical,
Vertical/Conical, Rectangular, Horizontal/Flat, Horizontal/Elliptical, Horizontal/Spherical,
Spherical, or Custom Table.
Note: Vessel Dims is the next screen only if a specific Vessel Type was selected. If Custom Table
was selected. Refer to page 48 to select the Cust Table Type and Cust Table Vals.
Vessel Dims
Radius
Ellipse Depth
Conical Height
See the vessel drawings on the following page for relevant measuring areas.
Used for all Vessel Types with the exception of Rectangular.
Used for Horizontal and Vertical/Elliptical vessels.
Used for Vertical/Conical vessels.
Width
Used for Rectangular vessels.
Length
Used for Rectangular and Horizontal vessels.
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
39
Vessel Types
HORIZONTAL/SPHERICAL
SPHERICAL
HORIZONTAL/ELLIPTICAL
VERTICAL/ELLIPTICAL
VERTICAL/SPHERICAL
RECTANGULAR
VERTICAL/FLAT
VERTICAL/CONICAL
HORIZONTAL/FLAT
40
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
3.3.3.2 Configuration using Custom Table
If none of the nine Vessel Types shown can be used, a
Custom Table can be created. A maximum of 30 points can
be used to establish the level to volume relationship. The
following table provides an explanation of each of the
System Configuration parameters for volume applications
where a Custom Table is needed.
Configuration Parameter
Explanation (Custom Volumetric Table)
Volume Units
A selection of Gallons, Barrels, Milliliters, Liters, Cubic Feet, or Cubic Inches,
is provided.
Vessel Type
Select Custom Table if none of the nine Vessel Types can be used.
Cust Table Type
The Custom Table points can be a Linear (straight line between adjacent points) or
Spline (can be a curved line between points) relationship. See drawing below for
more information.
Cust Table Vals
A maximum of 30 points can be used in building the Custom Table. Each pair of
values will have a level (height) in the units chosen in the Level Units screen, and
the associated volume for that level point. The values must be monotonic, i.e.,
each pair of values must be greater than the previous level/volume pair. The last
pair of values should have the highest level value and volume value associated
with the level in the vessel.
P9
P8
P2
P7
P6
P5
Transition
point
P4
P3
P1
P1
P2
Use where walls are not perpendicular to base.
Concentrate at least two points at beginning (P1) and end (P9);
and three points at either side of transition points.
LINEAR
SPLINE
3.3.4 Reset Function
A parameter labeled “Reset Parameter” is located at the end
of the DEVICE SETUP/ADVANCED CONFIG menu.
In the event a user gets confused during configuration or
advanced troubleshooting, this parameter gives the user the
ability to reset the Model R96 transmitter configuration.
Unique to the Model R96 transmitter is the ability for
MAGNETROL to fully “pre-configure” devices to customer
requests. For that reason, the Reset function will return the
device back to the state at which it left the factory.
It is recommended that MAGNETROL Technical Support
be contacted as the Advanced User password will be
required for this reset.
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
41
3.4
Troubleshooting and Diagnostics
The PULSAR Model R96 transmitter is designed and engineered for trouble-free operation over a wide range of operating conditions. The transmitter continuously runs a series
of internal self-tests and displays helpful messages on the
large graphic liquid crystal display (LCD) when attention is
required.
The combination of these internal tests and diagnostics
messages offer a valuable proactive method of troubleshooting. The device not only tells the user what is wrong, but
also, and more importantly, offers suggestions on how to
solve the problem.
All of this information can be obtained directly from the
transmitter on the LCD, or remotely by using a HART
communicator or PACTware and the PULSAR Model R96
DTM.
PACTware™ PC Program
The PULSAR Model R96 offers the ability to perform more
advanced diagnostics such as Trending and Echo Curve
analysis using a PACTware DTM. This is a powerful troubleshooting tool that can aid in the resolution of any diagnostic indicators that may appear.
Refer to Section 4.0 “Advanced Configuration/
Troubleshooting Techniques” for additional information.
3.4.1 Diagnostics (Namur NE 107)
The PULSAR Model R96 transmitter includes an exhaustive list of Diagnostic Indicators which follow the NAMUR
NE 107 guidelines.
NAMUR is an international user association of automation
technology in process industries, whose goal is to promote
the interest of the process industry by pooling experiences
among its member companies. In doing so, this group
promotes international standards for devices, systems, and
technologies.
The objective of NAMUR NE 107 was essentially to make
maintenance more efficient by standardizing diagnostics
information from field devices. This was initially integrated
via FOUNDATION fieldbus, but the concept applies regardless
of the communication protocol.
According to the NAMUR NE107 recommendation, "Self
Monitoring and Diagnosis of Field Devices," fieldbus diagnostic results should be reliable and viewed in the context of
a given application. The document recommends categorizing
internal diagnostics into four standard status signals:
42
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
•
•
•
•
Failure
Function Check
Out of Specification
Maintenance required
These categories are shown by both symbols and colors,
depending on the display capability.
In essence, this approach ensures that the correct diagnostic
information is available to the correct person-at the correct
time. In addition, it allows diagnostics to be applied, as
most appropriate, for a particular plant application (such as
process control engineering or asset management maintenance). Customer specific mapping of diagnostics to these
categories allows for flexible configuration depending on the
user's requirements.
From an external Model R96 transmitter perspective, diagnostic information includes measurement of process conditions, in addition to detection of internal device or system
anomalies.
Analog Output Error
Failure
Function
Check
Echo Lost
Out of
Specification
High
Elec Temp
Calibration
Required
Diagnostic Indicators
Maintenance
Required
NE-107
Status Signals
As mentioned above, the indicators can be assignable (via
the a DTM or host system) by the user to any (or none) of
the NAMUR recommended Status Signal categories:
Failure, Function Check, Out of Specification, and
Maintenance Required.
In the FOUNDATION fieldbus version of the relay, diagnostic
indicators can be mapped to multiple categories (e.g., as
shown in the diagram at left).
Indicators that are mapped to the Failure category will normally result in a current loop alarm output. The alarm state
for HART transmitters is configurable as high (22 mA),
Low (3.6 mA), or Hold (last value).
Users will not have the ability to unassign certain indicators
from the Failure signal category as the Model R96 user
interfaces will prohibit or reject such re-assignment entries).
This is to ensure that current loop alarms are asserted in situations where the device is not able to provide measurements
due to critical failures. (For example, if the alarm selection
has not been set to Hold or a fixed current mode is in effect.)
A default mapping of all diagnostic indicators will be applied
initially, and can be re-applied through use of a reset function.
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
43
Refer to the Diagnostic Indicator tables in Section 3.4 for a
complete listing of the Model R96 diagnostic indicators,
along with their explanations, default categories, and recommended remedies.
NOTES:
1) The remedies shown in this table can also be seen on
the transmitter LCD by viewing the present status
screen when the device is in a diagnostic condition.
2) Those indicators showing failure as the default result
in an alarm condition.
3.4.2 Diagnostic Indication Simulation
The DD and DTM allow for the ability to manipulate
diagnostic indicators. Intended as a means to verify the
configuration of the diagnostic parameters and connected
equipment, a user can manually change any indicator to
and from the active state.
3.4.3 Diagnostic Help
Selecting DIAGNOSTICS from the MAIN MENU
presents a list of five ITEMS from the top level of the
DIAGNOSTICS tree.
When Present Status is highlighted, the highest
MAGNETROL priority active diagnostic indicator (numerically lowest in Table 3.4) is displayed on the bottom LCD
line. Pressing the ENTER key moves the active diagnostic
indicator to the top line outdented and presents in the
lower area of the LCD a brief explanation of and possible
remedies for the indicated condition. A blank line separates
the explanation from the remedies. Additional active diagnostic indicators, if any, appear with their explanations in
descending priority order. Each additional active indicator
name-explanation pair is separated by a blank line from the
one above.
➪
➪
If the explanation and remedy text (and additional nameexplanation pairs) exceeds the available space, a
appears
in the rightmost column of the last line indicating more text
below. In this situation, the DN key scrolls text up one line
at a time. Similarly, while text exists above the upper line of
the text field, a
appears in the rightmost column of the
top (text) line. In this situation, the UP key scrolls the text
down one line at a time. Otherwise the DN and UP keys
are inoperative. In all cases the ENT or DEL key reverts to
the previous screen.
44
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
When the transmitter is operating normally and the highlight cursor is positioned on Present Status, the bottom
LCD line displays “OK” because no diagnostic indicators
are active.
EVENT HISTORY – This menu displays the parameters
related to diagnostic event logging.
ADVANCED DIAGNOSTICS – This menu displays
parameters related to some of the advanced diagnostics
available within the Model R96.
INTERNAL VALUES – Displays read-only internal
parameters.
ELEC TEMPERATURES – Displays temperature
information as measured in the electronics module in
degrees F or C.
TRANSMITTER TESTS – Allows the user to
manually set the output current to a constant value.
This is a method for the user to verify operation of the
other equipment in the loop.
ECHO CURVES – This menu allows the user to display
the live Echo Curve on the LCD.
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
45
3.4.4 Diagnostic Indicator Table
Shown below and at right is a listing of the Model R96 diagnostic indicators, showing their priority,
explanations and recommended remedies. (Priority 1 is highest priority.)
Priority
Indicator Name
Default
Category
1
Software Error
Failure
Unrecoverable error occurred in stored
program.
Failure
RAM (read/write) memory failing.
Failure
Analog-to-digital converter failure.
Failure
Non-volatile parameter storage failing.
Failure
Unrecoverable hardware failure.
Failure
Actual loop current deviates from
commanded value. Analog output is
inaccurate.
2
3
4
5
6
7
ADC Error
EEPROM Error
Analog Board
Error
Analog Output
Error
Spare Indicator 1
OK
Remedy (Context Sensitive Help)
Contact MAGNETROL Technical Support.
Perform Adjust Analog Output
maintenance procedure.
Reserved for future use.
8
Default
Parameters
9
Spare Indicator 2
OK
Reserved for future use.
10
Spare Indicator 3
OK
Reserved for future use.
Saved parameters are set to default
values.
Perform complete Device Configuration.
11
No Fiducial
Failure
Reference signal too weak to detect.
12
Too Many Echoes
Torque HF nut.
Clean gold pin on transmitter and socket
on antenna.
Check settings:
Fiducial Gain
Window
Increase Fid Gain.
Contact MAGNETROLTechnical Support.
Failure
Excessive number of possible echoes
detected
Check Settings: Dielectric, Sensitivity.
Check Polarization.
Failure
Risk of echo loss if liquid rises above
Blocking Distance.
Ensure that liquid cannot reach Blocking
Distance.
Check settings:
Dielectric Range
No signal detected anywhere on probe.
Increase Sensitivity.
View Echo Curve.
13
46
RAM Error
Explanation
Safety Zone Alarm
14
Echo Lost
Failure
15
Spare Indicator 4
OK
Reserved for future use
16
Config Conflict
Failure
Measurement type and primary variable Confirm proper configuration.
selection parameters are inconsistent. Check Measurement Type.
17
High Volume Alarm
Failure
Volume calculated from Level reading
exceeds capacity of vessel or custom
table.
Check settings:
Vessel Dimensions,
Custom Table entries
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
Priority
Indicator Name
18
Spare Indicator 5
Default
Category
OK
Explanation
Remedy
Reserved for future use.
19
Initializing
Function
Check
Distance measurement is inaccurate
while internal filters are settling.
Standard start-up message. Wait for
up to 10 seconds.
20
Config Changed
Function
Check
A parameter has been modified from
the User Interface.
If desired, reset Config Changed
indicator in ADVANCED CONFIG
menu.
21
Spare Indicator 6
22
Ramp Slope Error
23
High Elec Temp
Electronics too hot. May compromise
Out of Spec level measurement or damage
instrument.
Shield transmitter from heat source or
increase air circulation. Locate
transmitter remotely in a cooler area.
24
Low Elec Temp
Electronics too cold. May compromise
Out of Spec level measurement or damage
instrument.
Insulate transmitter.
Locate transmitter remotely in a
warmer area.
25
Calibration Req’d
Return transmitter to factory for
recalibration.
26
Echo Reject
Invalid
Factory calibration has been lost.
Out of Spec Measurement accuracy may be
diminished.
Echo Rejection inoperative. May report
Out of Spec erroneous Level readings. Upr Echo
may be lost near top of probe.
Save a fresh Echo Rejection Curve.
27
Spare Indicator 7
28
Inferred Level
29
Adjust Analog Out
30
Low Supply
Voltage
OK
Failure
OK
Reserved for future use.
Internal signal timing out of limits
causing inaccurate distance
measurement.
Reserved for future use.
Level inferred to have entered Blocking
Region if echo lost within Max Distance Verify level reading; if incorrect, check
Out of Spec
Jump of Top or Bottom Blocking
configuration.
Region.
Out of Spec Loop current is inaccurate.
Out of Spec
Spare Indicator 8
32
Transmitter has jumped to an echo at
Maintenance
Max Jump Exceeded
location that exceeds “Max Level
Required
Jump” from previous echo location.
Low Echo Margin
34
High Surface
Velocity
35
36
37
Spare Indicator 9
Spare Indicator 10
Sequence Record
OK
Perform Adjust Analog Output
maintenance procedure.
Loop current may be incorrect at higher Verify loop resistance.
values. Analog output is inaccurate.
Replace loop power supply.
31
33
Check accuracy of Level reading.
Replace transmitter electronics.
Contact MAGNETROL Technical Support.
Reserved for future use.
Maintenance Signal Margin is less than allowable
Required
minimum.
Check settings:
Dielectric Range
Sensitivity
View Echo Curve.
Check settings:
Dielectric Range
Sensitivity
View Echo Curve.
Measured Surface Velocity greater than
Maintenance
Confirm actual rate of change. Adjust
Max Surface Velocity derived from
Required
rate of change setting, if needed.
configured Rate of Change.
OK
Reserved for future use.
OK
Reserved for future use.
OK
A Sequence Record number has been
stored in Event Log.
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
If desired, report Sequence Record
number to factory.
47
3.4.5 Additional Diagnostic/Trouble Shooting Capabilities
3.4.5.1 Echo History Setup
The Model R96 contains the unique and powerful feature
that allows waveforms to be automatically captured based
on Diagnostic Events, Time or both. This menu contains
those parameters that configure that feature.
Eleven (11) waveforms can be saved directly into the transmitter.
• Nine (9) Troubleshooting Curves
• One (1) Echo Rejection Curve
• One (1) Reference Curve
3.4.5.2 Event History
As a means for improved troubleshooting capability, a
record of significant diagnostic events is stored with time
and date stamps. A real time on board clock (which must be
set by the operator), will maintain the current time.
3.4.5.3 Context-sensitive Help
➪
➪
NOTE: Context-sensitive HELP is available for all menu items. With the
menu item highlighted, hold down the ➪ ENTER key for two
seconds. Use
UP and
DOWN for navigation.
Descriptive information relevant to the highlighted parameter
in the menu will be accessible via the local display and
remote host interfaces. This will most often be a parameterrelated screen, but could also be information about menus,
actions (for example, Loop [Analog Output] Test, resets of
various types), diagnostic indicators, etc.
For example: Dielectric Range — Selects the range bounding
the dielectric constant of the medium in vessel. Some ranges
may not be selectable depending on the antenna model.
3.4.5.4 Trend Data
Another feature of the Model R96 is the ability to log several
measured values (selectable from any of the primary,
secondary, or supplemental measured values) at a configurable rate (for example, once every five minutes) for a
period ranging from several hours to a number of days
(depending on the configured sample rate and number of
values to be recorded). The data will be stored in nonvolatile memory in the transmitter with date and time
information for subsequent retrieval and visualization using
the associated Model R96 DTM.
TREND DATA – A 15-minute trend of the PV can be
displayed on the LCD.
48
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
3.5
Agency Approvals
These units are in compliance with the EMC-directive
2004/108/EC, and the ATEX directive 94/9/EC.
Explosion Proof
US/Canada:
Class I, Div 1, Group B, C, D, T4
Class I, Zone 1 A Ex db ia IIB+H2 T4
Class I, Zone 1 Ex d ia IIB+H2 T4
Ta = -40º C to +70º C
Type 4X, IP67
Non- Incendive
US/Canada:
Class I, II, III, Div 2, Group A, B, C, D, E, F, G, T6
Class 1, Zone 2 AEx nA ia IIC T4
Class 1, Zone 2 Ex nA ia IIC T4
Ta = -40º C to +70º C
Type 4X, IP67
Flame Proof
ATEX – FM14ATEX0058X
II 1/2 G Ex db ia IIB + H2 T4…T1 Gb/Ga
Ta = -40º C to +70º C
IP67
ATEX - FM14ATEX0058X
II 3 G Ex nA IIC Gc T6
Ta = -15º C to +70º C
IP67
IEC- IECEx FMG 15.0034X
Ex db ia IIB + H2 T4…T1 Gb/Ga
Ta = -40º C to +70º C
IP67
Intrinsically Safe
US/Canada:
Class I, II, III, Div 1, Group A, B, C, D, E, F, G, T4
Class I, Zone 0 AEx ia IIC T4
Class I, Zone 0 Ex ia IIC T4 Ga
Ta =-40º C to + 70º C
Type 4X, IP67
ATEX – FM14ATEX0058X:
II 1 G Ex ia IIC T4 Ga
Ta = -40º C to +70º C
IP67
IEC – IECEx FMG 15.0034X:
Ex ia IIC T4 Ga
Ta = -40º C to +70º C
IP67
IEC – IECEx FMG 15.0034X
Ex nA IIC Gc T6
Ta = -15º C to + 70º C
IP67
Dust Ignition Proof
US/Canada:
Class II, III, Div 1, Group E, F, and G, T5
Ta = -15º C to +70º C
Type 4X, IP67
ATEX – FM14ATEX0059X:
II 2 D Ex ia tb IIIC T110ºC Db
Ta = -15º C to +70º C
IP67
IEC – IECEx FMG 15.0034X:
Ex ia tb IIIC 100ºC Db
Ex ia IIIC T85º C to T450º C Da
Ta = -15º C to +70º C
IP67
FM3600:2011, FM3610:2010, FM3611:2004, FM3615:2006, FM3616:2011, FM3810:2005, ANSI/ISA60079-0:2013,
ANSI/ISA 60079-1:2015, ANSI/ISA 60079-11:2013, ANSI/ISA 60079-15:2012, ANSI/ISA 60079-26:2011, NEMA 250:2003, ANSI/IEC 60529:2004,
C22.2 No. 0.4:2009, C22.2 No. 0.5:2008, C22.2 No. 30:2007, C22.2 No. 94:2001, C22.2 No. 213:2012, C22.2 No. 1010.1:2009, CAN/CSA
60079-0:2011, CAN/CSA 60079-1:2011, CAN/CSA 60079-11:2014, CAN/CSA 60079-15:2012, C22.2 No. 60529:2005, EN60079-0:2012,
EN60079-1:2014, EN60079-11:2012, EN60079-15:2010, EN60079-26:2007, EN60079-31:2009, EN60529+A1:1991-2000, IEC60079-0:2011,
IEC60079-1:2014, IEC60079-11:2011, IEC60079-15:2010, IEC60079-26:2006, IEC60079-31:2008
“This equipment with chargeable non-conductive parts, e.g. enclosure’s paint and antenna use PTFE, Co-polymer Polypropylene or Noryl
En265, is provided with a warning label referring to the safety measures that must be taken if there is electrostatic charging during operation.
For use in hazardous area, the equipment and side to be installed, e.g. tank, must be connected to earth and be attention to not only the measuring object, e.g. liquids, gases, powders and etc., but also the related conditions, e.g. tank container, vessel and etc. (According to IEC 6007932-1).”
FCC (ID# LPN-R9C) Compliance Statement:
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause in harmful interference, and
2. This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment. To comply with FCC/IC RF exposure limits for general population/uncontrolled exposure, the antenna(s) used for this transmitter must be
installed to provide a separation distance of at least 20cm from all persons and must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any
other antenna or transmitter.
SPECIAL CONDITIONS OF USE:
1. For US — The sensor probes are suitable for connections to Class I, II, III, Division 1, Groups A, B, C, D, E, F, and G and Class I,
Zone 0, Group IIC Hazardous (Classified) Locations
2. For Canada — The sensor probes are suitable for connections to Class I, II, III, Division 1, Groups A, B, C, D, E, F, and G and
Class I, Zone 0, Group IIC Hazardous Locations
3. For IECEx — The sensor probes are rated with an Equipment Protection Level of Ga and Da
4. For ATEX — The sensor probes maintain a category 1G and 1D rating.
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
49
3.5.1 Agency (FM/CSA) Drawing and Entity Parameters
50
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
3.5.1 Agency (FM/CSA) Drawing and Entity Parameters
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
51
3.6
Parts
3.6.1 Replacement Parts
5
7
TB1
J1
-
+
1
6
3
CURRENT LOOP
R
2
1
4
Electronics:
Digit:
Part Number:
1
2
3
R 9 6
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Serial Number:
5
Digit 5
1
2
Digit 5
1 or 2
Digit 5
1
2
(4) O-ring
(5) O-ring
52
Digit 6
Replacement Part
0
Z31-2890-002
1
Z31-2890-001
(2) Display Module
Digit 7
Replacement Part
A, B or C
Z31-2850-001
Digit 6
Replacement Part
0
Z30-9166-003
0, 1 or 2
N/A
(3) Wiring PC Board
1
Z30-9165-001
Replacement Part
7 7
7 7 7
See nameplate, always provide complete part number and
serial number when ordering spares.
X = product with a non-standard customer requirement
(1) Electronic Module
7 7 7 7 0 6
(6) Housing Cover
Digit 7
0, 1 or 2
A, B or C
Digit 8
Digit 9
1
2
Replacement Part
2
004-9225-003
1
all
0, 1 or A
3
1
B, C or D
0, 1, 3 or A
B, C or D
Digit 9
2
(7) Housing Cover
004-9225-002
036-4413-005
036-4413-001
036-4413-001
036-4413-002
036-4413-002
Replacement Part
004-9225-002
004-9225-003
012-2201-237
012-2201-237
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
3.7
Specifications
3.7.1 Functional – Transmitter
System Design
Pulse burst radar 6 GHz
Measurement Principle
Input
Measured Variable
Level, determined by the time-of-flight of radar pulse reflections
Span
0.5 to 130 feet (0.2 to 40 meters)
Output
4 to 20 mA with HART: 3.8 mA to 20.5 mA useable (per NAMUR NE43)
Type
FOUNDATION fieldbus™: H1 (ITK Ver. 6.1.2)
Resolution
Analog
.003 mA
Digital Display
1 mm
Loop Resistance
591 ohms @ 24 VDC and 22 mA
Diagnostic Alarm
Selectable: 3.6 mA, 22 mA (meets requirements of NAMUR NE 43), or HOLD last output
Diagnostic Indication
Meets requirements of NAMUR NE107
Damping
Adjustable 0-10
User Interface
Keypad
4-button menu-driven data entry
Display
Graphic Liquid Crystal Display
Digital Communication
HART Version 7–with Field Communicator, FOUNDATION fieldbus™, AMS, or FDT
DTM (PACTware™), EDDL
Transmitter LCD: English, French, German, Spanish, Russian
Menu Languages
HART DD: English, French, German, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Portuguese
FOUNDATION fieldbus Host System: English
Power (Measured at instrument terminals)
HART: General Purpose (Weather proof)/Intrinsically Safe/Explosion-proof:
11 VDC minimum under certain conditions (refer to I/O Manual 58-602)
FOUNDATION fieldbus™: 9 to 17.5 VDC
FISCO, FNICO, Explosion Proof, General Purpose and Weather Proof
Housing
IP67/die-cast aluminum A413 (<0.6% copper); optional stainless steel
Material
Net/Gross Weight
Aluminum:
Stainless Steel:
4.5 lbs. (2.0 kg)
10.0 lbs. (4.50 kg)
Overall Dimensions
H 8.34" (212 mm) x W 4.03" (102 mm) x D 7.56" (192 mm)
Cable Entry
1
SIL 2 Hardware (Safety Integrity Level)
Safe Failure Fraction = 92.7% (HART only)
⁄2" NPT or M20
Functional Safety to SIL 2 as 1oo1 in accordance with IEC 61508
(Full FMEDA report available upon request)
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
53
3.7
Specifications
3.7.2 Functional – Environment
Operating Temperature
-40° to +175° F (-40° to +80° C); LCD viewable -5° to +160° F (-20° to +70° C)
Storage Temperature
-50° to +185° F (-45° to +85° C)
Humidity
0–99%, non-condensing
Electromagnetic Compatibility
Meets CE requirement (EN 61326) and NAMUR NE 21
NOTE: Antennas must be used in metallic vessel or stillwell to maintain
CE noise immunity
Surge Protection
Meets CE EN 61326 (1000V)
Shock/Vibration
ANSI/ISA-S71.03 Class SA1 (Shock); ANSI/ISA-S71.03 Class VC2 (Vibration)
Reference Conditions
Reflection from ideal reflector at +70° F (+20° C)
Linearity
±0.3 inch (8 mm) or 0.1% of tank height (whichever is greater)
Measured Error
±0.3 inch (8 mm) or 0.1% of tank height (whichever is greater)
(Performance will degrade slightly within 60" (1.5 m) of antenna)
Resolution
0.1 inch or 1 mm
Repeatability
±0.2 inch (5 mm) or 0.05% of tank height (whichever is greater)
Response Time
< 2 seconds (configuration dependent)
Initialization Time
< 30 seconds
Ambient Temperature Effect
Digital
Horn Antenna: Average 0.12 inch (3 mm) / 10 K, max of ±0.4 inch (10 mm) over
the entire temperature range -40° to +175° F (-40° to +80° C)
Rod Antenna: Average 0.2 inch (5 mm) / 10 K, max of ±0.59 inch (15 mm) over
the entire temperature range -40° to +175° F (-40° to +80° C)
Analog Current Output (additional error with reference to 16 mA span)
Average 0.03% / 10 K. max 0.45% over entire temperature range
-40° to +175° F (-40° to +80° C)
Process Dielectric Effect
< 0.3 inch within selected range
Maximum Rate of Change
180 inches (450 cm)/minute
FOUNDATION™ fieldbus:
ITK Version
H1 Device Class
Link Master (LAS) — selectable ON/OFF
H1 Profile Class
31PS, 32L
Function Blocks
(6) Al, (2) Transducer, (1) Resource, (1) Arithmetic, (1) Signal Characterizer,
(2) PID, (1) Input Selector
Quiescent Current
17 mA
Execution Time
15 ms (30 ms PID Block)
Device Revision
01
DD Version
54
6.1.2
0x01
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
Safe Operating Area
Safe Operating Area
3.7.2.1
R Loop
591
Ω
Typical HART
4-20 mA
Operating Area
Digital Solar Mode
11 V
0
3.7.2.2
HART
Transmitter Terminal Voltage
Operational Mode
16.25 V
24 V
36 V
Vsupply
Current Consumption
General Purpose
Intrinsically Safe
Explosion Proof
Vmin
4mA
20mA
16.25V
11V
4mA
20mA
16.25V
11V
4mA
20mA
16.25V
11V
Fixed Current-Solar Power Operation (PV transmitter via HART)
General Purpose
Intrinsically Safe
HART Multi-Drop Mode (Fixed Current)
Standard
Intrinsically Safe
FOUNDATION fieldbus™ (Future)
Supply Voltage
36V
36V
28.6V
28.6V
36V
36V
10mA➀
11V
11V
28.6V
4mA➀
16.25V
36V
10mA➀
4mA➀
9V to 17.5V
➀ Start-up current 12 mA minimum
Vmax
16.25V
9V to 17.5V
36V
28.6V
9V to 17.5V
3.7.3 O-ring (seal) Selection Chart
Code
Maximum
Temperature
Maximum
Pressure
Min.
Temp.
Viton GFLT
0
+400° F @ 232 psig
(+200° C @ 16 bar)
750 psig @ +70° F
(50 bar @ +20° C)
-40° F
(-40° C)
General purpose, steam,
ethylene
Ketones (MEK, acetone),
skydrol fluids, amines, anhydrous
ammonia, low molecular weight
esters and ethers, hot hydrofluoric
or chlorosulfuric acids, sour HCs
EPDM
1
+250° F @ 200 psig
(+125° C @ 14 bar)
750 psig @ +70° F
(50 bar @ +20° C)
-60° F
(-50° C)
Acetone, MEK, skydrol fluids
anhydrous ammonia
Petroleum oils, di-ester base
lubricants, propane, steam
Inorganic and organic acids
(including HF and nitric),
aldehydes, ethylene, glycols,
organic oils, silicone oils,
vinegar, sour HCs, steam,
amines, ethylene oxide,
propylene oxide
Black liquor, Freon 43, Freon 75,
Galden, KEL-F liquid, molten
sodium, molten potassium
Material
®
Simriz SZ485
(formerly
Aegis PF128)
Kalrez (4079)
Recommended
For Use In
8
+400° F @ 232 psig
+(200° C @ 16 bar)
750 psig @ +70° F
(50 bar @ +20° C)
-4° F
(-20° C)
2
+400° F @ 232 psig
+(200° C @ 16 bar)
750 psig @ +70° F
(50 bar @ +20° C)
Inorganic and organic acids
HF and nitric),
-40° F (including
ethylene, glycols,
(-40° C) aldehydes,
organic oils, silicone oils,
vinegar, sour HCs
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
Not Recommended
For Use In
Black liquor, hot water/steam, hot
aliphatic amines, ethylene oxide,
propylene oxide, molten sodium,
molten potassium
55
3.7.4 Functional – Antenna
Model
Dielectric Rod
TFE
Dielectric Rod ➀
Polypropylene
Dielectric Rod
All-Halar® Antenna
3", 4", and 6" Horn
Materials
316 SS (Hastelloy® C, Monel®
and Kynar® optional), TFE,
Viton® O-rings
316 SS, Polypropylene,
Viton® O-rings
All-Halar, Viton® O-rings
316 SS (Hastelloy C
and Monel optional), TFE,
Viton® O-rings
11⁄2” NPT, BSP, ANSI, or DIN
Flanges
6" ANSI or DIN flanges
Process Connection
11⁄2" NPT and BSP, ANSI or DIN 11⁄2" NPT and BSP, ANSI or DIN
flanges
flanges
Maximum Process
Temperature
+400° F @ 50 psig
(+200° C @ 3.5 bar)
+200° F @ 50 psig
(+95° C @ 3.5 bar)
+300° F @ atmos
(+150° C @ atmos)
+400° F @ 50 psig
(+200° C @ 3.5 bar)
Maximum Process
Pressure
-14.7 to 675 psig @ +70° F
(-1.0 to 46.5 bar @ +20° C)
-14.7 to 750 psig @ +70° F
(-1.0 to 51.7 bar @ +20° C)
-14.7 to 50 psig @ +70° F
(-1.0 to 3.45 bar @ +20° C)
-14.7 to 675 psig @ +70° F
(-1.0 to 46.5 bar @ +20° C)
Minimum Dielectric
(application dependent)
2.0
2.0
2.0
1.7 (1.4 with stillwells)
➀ All-polypropylene construction optional (see chart below for ratings)
3.7.5 PULSAR Model R96 Antenna Pressure / Temperature Ratings
800 (55)
PTFE Rod & Horn
700 (48)
Pressure psig (bar)
Polypropylene Rod
600 (41)
All-Polypropylene Flanged
500 (34)
All-Polypropylene Threaded and
Flanged ASME B31.1 & B31.3
400 (28)
All-Halar Flanged
300 (21)
All-Halar Threaded and
Flanged ASME B31.1 & B31.3
200 (14)
100 (7)
0
-50
(-45)
0
(-15)
-40
(-40)
56
50
(10)
100
(40)
150
(65)
200
(95)
250
(120)
300
(150)
350
(175)
400
(200)
450
(230)
Temperature ° F (° C)
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
3.7.6 Physical – Inches (mm)
3.34
(85)
4.02
(102)
4.05
(103)
Transmitter
3.98
(101)
8.41
(214)
10.21
(259)
Dielectric Rod
3 (76)
⌀
D
3 (76)
C
A
⌀
D
⌀
A
B
∅
ANSI and DIN Flanges
DIELECTRIC RODS – inches (mm)
All
All
BSP
8th Digit
Antenna
Extension
(maximum “L”
dimension)
Dim A
Dim B
Dim C
0
1 (25)
2.3 (58)
11.1 (282)
3.0 (76)
1
4 (100)
5.1 (130) 14.0 (356)
5.9 (150)
2
8 (200)
9.1 (231) 18.0 (457)
9.9 (251)
3
12 (300)
Model #
C
A
B
BSP
2.8
(55)
D
B
NPT
0.68 (17) Thread
Engagement
3 (76)
A
D
B
13.1 (333) 22.0 (559) 13.9 (353)
Antenna Extension O.D.
Dimension D
TFE Rod
∅ 1.625 (41)
PP Rod
∅ 1.50 (38)
All-Plastic
Rod
∅ 1.625 (41)
HORNS – inches (mm)
8th Digit
Antenna
Extension
(maximum “L”
dimension)
0
1 (25)
1
4 (100)
2
8 (200)
Model #
3
(76)
H
3
∅
Aperture
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
3" Horn
4" Horn
6" Horn
Dim H
Dim H
Dim H
2.7 (51)
4.6 (117)
N/A
12 (300)
Aperture
2.95 (75)
8.4 (213)
8.3 (211)
12.4 (315)
12.4 (315)
3.75 (95)
5.75 (146)
57
3.8
Model Numbers
3.8.1 PULSAR Radar Transmitter
1 | BASIC MODEL NUMBER AND OPERATING FREQUENCY
R96
Through-Air Radar Level Transmitter- 6 GHz Pulse Radar
4 | POWER
5
24 VDC, Two-wire
5 | SIGNAL OUTPUT
1
2
4–20 mA with HART
FOUNDATION fieldbus
6 | SAFETY OPTIONS
0
None (FOUNDATION fieldbus only) (5th digit = 2)
1
SIL 2 Hardware - HART only (5th digit = 1)
7 | ACCESSORIES
0
No Digital Display and Keypad
A
Digital Display and Keypad
8 | CLASSIFICATION
0
General Purpose, Weatherproof (IP 67)
1
Intrinsically Safe (FM & CSA)
3
Explosion-proof (FM & CSA)
A
Intrinsically Safe (ATEX/IEC)
B
Flame-proof (ATEX/IEC)
C
Non-sparking (ATEX)
D
Dust Ignition Proof
9 | HOUSING/CONDUIT CONNECTION
1
Die-cast Aluminum, Dual-compartment, 45-degree
2
Investment Cast, Stainless Steel, Dual-compartment, 45-degree
10 | CONDUIT CONNECTION
R
58
9
6
0
1
⁄2" NPT
1
M20
2
1
3
M20 with sunshade
⁄2" NPT with sunshade
5
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
3.8.2 Radar Antennas – Dielectric Rod
TECHNOLOGY / OPERATING FREQUENCY
RA
PULSAR radar antennas / 6 GHz
CONFIGURATION / STYLE
A
B
C
TFE (Material of Construction codes A, B, C, and K only)
Polypropylene (Material of Construction codes A, G, K, and L only)
Halar® (Material of Construction codes G and L only)
MATERIAL OF CONSTRUCTION
A
B
C
G
K
L
316/316L stainless steel
Hastelloy® C
Monel®
All-Plastic wetted surfaces including flanges
(Configuration/Style codes B and C only)
316/316L SS; ASME B31.1 and B31.3 (meets CRN specifications)
All-Plastic wetted surfaces; ASME B31.1, B31.3 (meets CRN
specifications; Configuration/Style codes B and C, flanged only)
PROCESS CONNECTION – SIZE/TYPE ➀
Threaded
31
11⁄2" NPT thread
32
11⁄2" BSP (G 11⁄2) thread
ANSI Flanges
43
2" 150# ANSI raised face
44
2" 300# ANSI raised face
45
2" 600# ANSI raised face
53
3" 150# ANSI raised face
54
3" 300# ANSI raised face
55
3" 600# ANSI raised face
63
4" 150# ANSI raised face
64
4" 300# ANSI raised face
65
4" 600# ANSI raised face
73
6" 150# ANSI raised face
74
6" 300# ANSI raised face
75
6" 600# ANSI raised face
flange
flange
flange
flange
flange
flange
flange
flange
flange
flange
flange
flange
EN (DIN) Flanges
DA
DN 50, PN 16
DB
DN 50, PN 25/40
DD
DN 50, PN 63
EA
DN 80, PN 16
EB
DN 80, PN 25/40
ED
DN 80, PN 63
FA
DN 100, PN 16
FB
DN 100, PN 25/40
FD
DN 100, PN 63
GA
DN 150, PN 16
GB
DN 150, PN 25/40
GD
DN 150, PN 63
EN
EN
EN
EN
EN
EN
EN
EN
EN
EN
EN
EN
1092-1
1092-1
1092-1
1092-1
1092-1
1092-1
1092-1
1092-1
1092-1
1092-1
1092-1
1092-1
Type
Type
Type
Type
Type
Type
Type
Type
Type
Type
Type
Type
A
A
B2
A
A
B2
A
A
B2
A
A
B2
HYGIENIC PROCESS CONNECTIONS
4P
5P
2" Tri-Clamp® type, 16 AMP
3" Tri-Clamp type, 16 AMP
6P
7P
4" Tri-Clamp type, 16 AMP
6" Tri-Clamp type, 16 AMP
➀ Metal flanges welded to antenna; Plastic flanges and metal flanges with threaded antenna
O-RINGS ➁
0
1
2
8
connection ordered separately. Refer to Optional Flanges chart on page 60.
Viton® GFLT
EPDM
Kalrez 4079
Simriz SZ485 (formerly Aegis PF128)
➁ All-Polypropylene and All-Halar antennas (Materials of Construction Codes G and L) use Viton
®
GFLT O-rings
ANTENNA EXTENSION
0
1
2
3
R
A
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
For nozzle height ≤ 1" (25 mm) (For threaded process connection only)
For nozzle height ≤ 4" (100 mm)
For nozzle height ≤ 8" (200 mm) (ESP designation for TFE rod only)
For nozzle height ≤ 12" (300 mm)
0
0
59
3.8.3 Radar Antennas – Horn
TECHNOLOGY / OPERATING FREQUENCY
RA
PULSAR radar antennas / 6 GHz
CONFIGURATION / STYLE
3
4
6
3" horn (for Standpipe/Stillwell use only; Materials of Construction codes A & K only
4" horn
6" horn
MATERIAL OF CONSTRUCTION
A
B
K
316/316L stainless steel
Hastelloy C
316/316L SS; ASME B31.1 and ASME B31.3 (meets CRN specifications)
PROCESS CONNECTION - SIZE/TYPE (metal flanges welded to antenna)
53
54
55
63
64
65
73
74
75
3" 150# ANSI raised face flange
3" 300# ANSI raised face flange
3" 600# ANSI raised face flange
4" 150# ANSI raised face flange
4" 300# ANSI raised face flange
4" 600# ANSI raised face flange
6" 150# ANSI raised face flange
6" 300# ANSI raised face flange
6" 600# ANSI raised face flange
EA
EB
ED
FA
FB
FD
GA
GB
GD
DN 80, PN 16
DN 80, PN 25/40
DN 80, PN 63
DN 100, PN 16
DN 100, PN 25/40
DN 100, PN 63
DN 150, PN 16
DN 150, PN 25/40
DN 150, PN 63
EN 1092-1 Type A
EN 1092-1 Type A
EN 1092-1 Type B2
EN 1092-1 Type A
EN 1092-1 Type A
EN 1092-1 Type B2
EN 1092-1 Type A
EN 1092-1 Type A
EN 1092-1 Type B2
HYGIENIC PROCESS CONNECTIONS
6P
7P
4" Tri-Clamp type, 16 AMP Hygienic Flange
6" Tri-Clamp type, 16 AMP Hygienic Flange
O-RINGS
0
1
2
8
Viton® GFLT
EPDM
Kalrez® 4079
Simriz SZ485 (formerly Aegis PF128)
ANTENNA EXTENSION
0
1
2
3
R
A
For 3" Horn in standpipes/stillwells only
For nozzle height ≤ 4" (100 mm) - Configuration Style code 4 only
For nozzle height ≤ 8" (200 mm)
For nozzle height ≤ 12" (300 mm)
0
0
OPTIONAL FLANGES (for use with Antenna Extension Codes 1–3 only)
Part Number:
004-6852
316L Stainless Steel
304L Stainless Steel
Carbon Steel
Hastelloy C
Monel
60
150#
-001
-009
-017
-025
-033
2"
300#
-005
-013
-021
-029
-037
150#
-002
-010
-018
-026
-034
3"
4"
6"
300# 150# 300# 150# 300#
-006 -003 -007 -004 -008
-014 -011 -015 -012 -016
-022 -019 -023 -020 -024
-030 -027 -031 -028 -032
-038 -035 -039 -036 -040
Part Number:
04-6852
Kynar
PVC
Polypropylene
TFE
150#
-041
-049
-057
-065
2"
300#
-045
-053
-061
-069
150#
-042
-050
-058
-066
3"
4"
6"
300# 150# 300# 150# 300#
-046 -043 -047 -044 -048
-054 -051 -055 -052 -056
-062 -059 -063 -060 -064
-070 -067 -071 -068 -072
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
4.0
Advanced Configuration/
Troubleshooting Techniques
This section contains information regarding some of the
advanced configuration and troubleshooting capability contained within the Model R96 transmitter. These diagnostic
options are best suited for use with PACTware and the
Model R96 DTM, and should be implemented only after
contacting Magnetrol Technical Support.
4.1
Echo Rejection
In addition to proper mounting location and antenna polarization, another way to ignore unwanted signals within the
measuring range is by utilizing the Echo Rejection feature.
Setup using PACTware
Select the Diagnostics tab and then the Echo Curve tab.
Then click on New Rejection Curve
False
Level
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
Actual
Level
61
Click on NEXT at the loop warning message.
On the next screen, enter the actual location of the level to
be measured and then click on NEXT.
A password window will then appear (unless the password
was previously entered). Enter the password and click OK.
Then the system calculates the curve, and then saves it.
Click OK to confirm.
62
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
A warning screen is shown that the loop can be returned to
automatic control.
At this point the echo rejection curve can be viewed by
selecting Rejection Curve as Curve 2 in the lower left corner
of the Echo Curve screen. The Rejection curve will then be
displayed as shown in the screenshot below.
Actual
Level
58-602 Pulsar® Model R96 Radar Transmitter
63
ASSURED QUALITY & SERVICE COST LESS
Service Policy
Return Material Procedure
Owners of MAGNETROL may request the return of a
control or any part of a control for complete rebuilding or
replacement. They will be rebuilt or replaced promptly.
Controls returned under our service policy must be
returned by Prepaid transportation. MAGNETROL will
repair or replace the control at no cost to the purchaser
(or owner) other than transportation if:
So that we may efficiently process any materials that are
returned, it is essential that a “Return Material
Authorization” (RMA) number be obtained from the factory, prior to the material’s return. This is available through
a MAGNETROL local representative or by contacting the
factory. Please supply the following information:
1. Returned within the warranty period; and
2. The factory inspection finds the cause of the claim to
be covered under the warranty.
If the trouble is the result of conditions beyond our control; or, is NOT covered by the warranty, there will be
charges for labor and the parts required to rebuild or
replace the equipment.
In some cases it may be expedient to ship replacement
parts; or, in extreme cases a complete new control, to
replace the original equipment before it is returned. If this
is desired, notify the factory of both the model and serial
numbers of the control to be replaced. In such cases, credit for the materials returned will be determined on the
basis of the applicability of our warranty.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Company Name
Description of Material
Serial Number
Reason for Return
Application
Any unit that was used in a process must be properly
cleaned in accordance with OSHA standards, before it is
returned to the factory.
A Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) must accompany
material that was used in any media.
All shipments returned to the factory must be by prepaid
transportation.
All replacements will be shipped F.O.B. factory.
No claims for misapplication, labor, direct or consequential damage will be allowed.
PULSAR Pulse Burst Radar transmitters may be protected by one or more of the following U.S. Patent Nos.:
US 6,062,095; US 6,980,174; US 7,102,584; US 7,106,248; US 7,271,646
705 Enterprise Street • Aurora, Illinois 60504-8149 • 630-969-4000 • Fax 630-969-9489
info@magnetrol.com • www.magnetrol.com
Copyright © 2016 Magnetrol International, Incorporated. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA.
Magnetrol, Magnetrol logotype and Pulsar are registered trademarks of Magnetrol International, Incorporated.
Viton® and Kalrez® are registered trademarks of DuPont Performance Elastomers.
HART® is a registered trademark of the HART Communication Foundation
PACTware™ is trademark of PACTware Consortium
CSA logotype is a registered trademark of Canadian Standards Association
Halar® is a registered trademark of Allied Chemical Corp.
Hastelloy® is a registered trademark of Haynes International, Inc.
Monel® is a registered trademark of Special Metals Corporation (Formerly Inco Alloys International)
KYNAR® is a registered trademark of Pennsalt Chemicals Corp.
Tri-Clover® is a registered trademark of Alfa Laval, Inc.
BULLETIN: 58-602.1
EFFECTIVE: January 2016
SUPERCEDES: January 2016