2016 DFPIC165X IP Core 8-bit RISC Microcontroller v. 2.03 COMPANY OVERVIEW Digital Core Design is a leading IP Core provider and a System-on-Chip design house. The company was founded in 1999 and since the very beginning has been focused on IP Core architecture improvements. Our innovative, silicon proven solutions have been employed by over 300 customers and with more than 500 hundred licenses sold to companies like Intel, Siemens, Philips, General Electric, Sony and Toyota. Based on more than 70 different architectures, starting from serial interfaces to advanced microcontrollers and SoCs, we are designing solutions tailored to your needs. ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 33 instructions 12 bit wide instruction word Up to 256 bytes of internal Data Memory Up to 4K bytes of Program Memory Configurable hardware stack Power saving SLEEP mode Fully synthesizable, static synchronous design with no internal tri-states ● Scan test ready PERIPHERALS ● Three 8 bit I/O ports ○ Three 8-bit corresponding TRIS registers ● Timer 0 ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ IP CORE OVERVIEW The DFPIC165X is a low-cost, high performance, 8bit, fully static soft IP Core, dedicated to operate with fast memory (typically on-chip). The core has been designed with a special concern about low power consumption. The DFPIC165X is software compatible with PIC16C54, PIC16C55, PIC16C56, PIC16C57 and PIC16C58 industry standards. It contains modified RISC architecture (2 times faster than original implementation). The DFPIC165X have enhanced core features and configurable hardware stack. Separate instruction and data buses allow a 12 bit wide instruction word, with a separate 8 -bit wide data. The DFPIC165X typically achieves a 2:1 code compression and an 8:1 speed improvement over other 8-bit microcontrollers in its class. The Core has 24 I/O lines and an 8-bit timer/counter with an 8-bit programmable prescaler. The power-down SLEEP mode allows user to reduce power consumption. The user can wake the controller up from the SLEEP mode through a user reset or a watchdog overflow. An integrated Watchdog Timer with its own clock signal provides protection against software lock-up. The DFPIC165X Microcontroller fits perfectly in applications ranging from high-speed automotive and appliance motor control, to low-power remote transmitters/receivers, pointing devices and telecom processors. A built-in power save mode and a small used area in programmable devices, make this IP perfect for applications with space and power consumption limitations. The DFPIC165X is delivered with fully automated test bench and complete set of tests, allowing easy package validation at each stage of SoC design flow. 8-bit timer/counter Readable and Writable 8-bit software programmable prescaler Internal or external clock select Edge select for external clock ● Watchdog Timer ○ Configurable Time out period ○ 7-bit software programmable prescaler ○ Dedicated independent Watchdog Clock input OPTIONAL PERIPHERALS Optional peripherals (not included in the presented DFPIC165X Microcontroller Core) are also available. The optional peripherals can be implemented upon customer’s request. ● ● ● ● Full duplex UART SPI – Master and Slave Serial Peripheral Interface I2C bus controller – Master I2C bus controller – Slave CONFIGURATION The following parameters of the DFPIC165X core can be easily adjusted to requirements of a dedicated application and technology. The configuration of the core can be effortlessly done, by changing appropriate constants in the package file. There is no need to change any parts of the code. RAM memory type RAM size Program Memory size Number of hardware stack levels SLEEP mode WATCHDOG Timer CPU FEATURES Timer system ● Software compatible with industry standard PIC16C5X ● Harvard architecture 2 times faster compared to original implementation PORTS A,B,C - synchronous asynchronous up to 256 default 128 up 4 kWords default 2k 1-8 default 2 used unused used / width unused used unused used unused 1 Copyright © 1999-2016 DCD – Digital Core Design. All Rights Reserved. All trademarks mentioned in this document are the property of their respective owners. DELIVERABLES ♦ Source code: ● ● ● ♦ VHDL Source Code or/and VERILOG Source Code or/and Encrypted, or plain text EDIF VHDL & VERILOG test bench environment ● ● ● ♦ Active-HDL automatic simulation macros ModelSim automatic simulation macros Tests with reference responses Technical documentation ● ● ● ♦ ♦ ♦ Installation notes HDL core specification Datasheet Synthesis scripts Example application Technical support ● ● IP Core implementation support 3 months maintenance ● Delivery of the IP Core and documentation updates, minor ● and major versions changes Phone & email support LICENSING Comprehensible and clearly defined licensing methods without royalty-per-chip fees make use of our IP Cores easy and simple. Single-Site license option – dedicated to small and middle sized companies, which run their business in one place. Multi-Site license option – dedicated to corporate customers, who operate at several locations. The licensed product can be used in selected company branches. In all cases the number of IP Core instantiations within a project and the number of manufactured chips are unlimited. The license is royalty-per-chip free. There are no restrictions regarding the time of use. There are two formats of the delivered IP Core: VHDL or Verilog RTL synthesizable source code FPGA EDIF/NGO/NGD/QXP/VQM (Netlist) UNITS SUMMARY ALU – Arithmetic Logic Unit performs arithmetic and logic operations, during execution of an instruction. This module contains work register (W) and Status register. Control Unit – It performs the core synchronization and data flow control. This module manages execution of all instructions. Performs decode and control functions for all other blocks. It contains program counter (PC) and hardware stack. Hardware Stack – The DFPIC165X configurable hardware stack. The stack space is not a part of either program or data space and the stack pointer is not readable or writable. The PC is pushed onto the stack, when CALL instruction is executed or an interrupt causes a branch. The stack is popped during RETLW instruction execution. The stack operates as a circular buffer. This means that after the stack has been pushed two times, the third push overwrites the value that was stored from the first push. RAM Controller – It performs interface functions between Data memory and DFPIC165X internal logic. It assures correct Data memory addressing and data transfers. The DFPIC165X supports two addressing modes: direct or indirect. In Direct Addressing, the 8-bit direct address is computed from FSR(7:5) bits and from 5 least significant bits of instruction word. Indirect addressing is possible, by using the INDF register. Any instruction using INDF register, actually accesses data pointed to by FSR (file select register). Reading INDF register indirectly, will produce 00h. Writing to the INDF register indirectly, results in a no-operation. An effective 8-bit address is obtained from an 8-bit FSR register. Timer 0 – Main system’s timer and prescaler. The DFPIC165X Timer operates in two modes: 8-bit timer or 8-bit counter. In the “timer mode”, timer registers are incremented every 4 CLK periods. When the prescaler is assigned into the TIMER prescale ratio can be divided by 2, 4 .. 256. In the “counter mode”, the timer register is incremented every falling or rising edge of T0CKI pin, depending on T0SE bit in OPTION register. Watchdog Timer – it is a free running timer. WDT has own clock input, separate from system clock. It means, that the WDT will run even if the system clock is stopped by execution of SLEEP instruction. During normal operation, a WDT timeout generates a Watchdog reset. If the device is in SLEEP mode, the WDT timeout causes the device to wake up and continue with normal operation. I/O Ports – Block contains DFPIC165X’s general purpose I/O ports and data direction registers (TRIS). The DFPIC165X has three 8-bit full bidirectional ports PORT A, PORT B and PORT C. Read and write accesses to the I/O port are performed via their corresponding SFR’s PORTA, PORTB, PORTC. The reading instruction always reads the status of Port pins. Writing instructions always write into the Port latches. Each port’s pin has a corresponding bit in TRISA, TRISB and TRISC registers. When the bit of TRIS register is set, this means that the corresponding bit of port is configured as an input (output drivers are set into the High Impedance). 2 Copyright © 1999-2016 DCD – Digital Core Design. All Rights Reserved. All trademarks mentioned in this document are the property of their respective owners. BLOCK DIAGRAM clk por Hardware Stack mclr sleep prgdata prgaddr Most instruction of DFPIC165X is executed within 2 CLK cycles. Except the conditional program memory branches, in case the condition of branch instruction is met. The table below shows sample instructions execution times: ALU Control Unit t0cki RAM Controller Timer 0 ramdatai ramdatao ramaddr ramwe ramoe Mnemonic DFPIC165X PIC16C54 Impr. operands (CLK cycles) (CLK cycles) ADDWF 2 4 2 ANDWF 2 4 2 RLF 2 4 2 BCF 2 4 2 DECFSZ 2(4)1 4(8)1 2 INCFSZ 2(4)1 4(8)1 2 BTFSC 2(4)1 4(8)1 2 BTFSS 2(4)1 4(8)1 2 CALL 2 8 4 GOTO 2 8 4 RETLW 2 8 4 1 - number of clock in case that result of operation is 0. portai portbi portci portao portbo portco trisa trisb trisc I/O Ports Watchdog Timer clkwdt IMPROVEMENT DFPIC&DRPIC FAMILY OVERVIEW - - 5 5 5 1 5 5 - 2 2 - Size (gate) 32 - 1 DoCDTM Debugger 35 - 5 Speed rate 512 - Wake up on port pin change 32 - Internal Interrupts 14 32 35 - External interrupts 64k 35 512 - Sleep Mode DRPIC166X 512 USART 14 CCP1 14 64k 24 16 Watchdog Timer 64k DRPIC1655X 33 35 Timer 2 DFPIC166X - Timer 1 128 512 Timer 0 12 14 I/O Ports Data Memory space 2k 64k Number of instructions Program word length DFPIC165X DFPIC1655X Design RAM extension to 32kB Program Memory space The family of DCD DFPICXX & DRPICXX IP Cores combines high–performance, low cost, and small compact size, offering best price/performance ratio in the IP Market. DCD’s Cores are designed to be used in cost-sensitive consumer products, computer peripherals, office automation, automotive control systems, security and telecommunication applications. DCD’s DFPICXX & DRPICXX IP Cores family contains four 8-bit microcontroller Cores to meet your needs in the best way: DFPIC165X 12-bit program word, DFPIC1655X 14-bit program word, and also DRPIC1655X and DRPIC177X single cycle microcontrollers with 14-bit program word. All three microcontroller cores are binary compatible with widely accepted PIC16C5X and PIC16CXXX. They have modified RISC architectures, two or four times faster than the original ones. The DFPICXXX & DRPICXX IP Cores are written in pure VHDL/VERILOG HDL languages, which makes them technologically independent. All of the DFPICXX & DRPICXX family members are supported by a power saving SLEEP mode, which allows the user to configure the watchdog time-out period and a number of hardware stack levels. DFPICXX & DRPICXX can be fully customized, according to the customer requirements. * 2 700 3 900 2 * 6 000 4 * 4 800 4 * 6 700 DFPIC & DRPIC family of High Performance Microcontroller Cores * Optional 3 Copyright © 1999-2016 DCD – Digital Core Design. All Rights Reserved. All trademarks mentioned in this document are the property of their respective owners. PINOUT Digital Core Design Headquarters: clk clkwdt por mclr Wroclawska 94, 41-902 Bytom, POLAND prgdata(11:0) prgaddr(11:0) ramdatai(7:0) ramdatao(7:0) ramaddr(7:0) ramwe t0cki portai(7:0) portbi(7:0) portci(7:0) CONTACT e-mail: tel.: fax: [email protected] 0048 32 282 82 66 0048 32 282 74 37 Distributors: Please check: http://dcd.pl/sales sleep portao(7:0) portbo(7:0) portco(7:0) trisa(7:0) trisb(7:0) trisc(7:0) PINS DESCRIPTION PIN clk clkwdt por mclr prgdata[11:0] ramdatai[7:0] t0cki portxi[7:0] prgdata[11:0] ramdatai[7:0] prgaddr[11:0] ramdatao[7:0] ramaddr[7:0] ramwe ramoe sleep portxo[7:0] trisx[7:0] TYPE input input input input input input input input input input output output output output output output output output DESCRIPTION Global clock Watchdog clock Global reset Power On Reset User reset Data bus from program memory Data bus from int. data memory Timer 0 input Port A, B, C input Data bus from program memory Data bus from int. data memory Program memory address bus Data bus for internal data memory RAM address bus Data memory write Data memory output enable Sleep signal Port A, B, C output Port data direction pins PERFORMANCE The following table gives a survey about the Core area and performance in ALTERA® devices after Place & Route: Device Speed grade Logic Cells Fmax CYCLONE -6 551 105 MHz CYCLONE II -6 547 108 MHz STRATIX -5 551 108 MHz STRATIX II -3 456 178 MHz STRATIX GX -5 551 109 MHz APEX II -7 635 73 MHz APEX20KC -7 635 68 MHz APEX20KE -1 635 56 MHz APEX20K -1 635 45 MHz ACEX1K -1 648 50 MHz FLEX10KE -1 648 48 MHz *CPU – consisted of ALU, Control Unit, Bus Controller, Hardware Stack, 256 B RAM, 4k of Program memory Core performance in ALTERA® devices 4 Copyright © 1999-2016 DCD – Digital Core Design. All Rights Reserved. All trademarks mentioned in this document are the property of their respective owners.