2016 D68HC11K IP Core 8-bit Microcontroller v. 1.06 COMPANY OVERVIEW ♦ Digital Core Design is a leading IP Core provider and a System-on-Chip design house. The company was founded in 1999 and since the very beginning has been focused on IP Core architecture improvements. Our innovative, silicon proven solutions have been employed by over 300 customers and with more than 500 hundred licenses sold to companies like Intel, Siemens, Philips, General Electric, Sony and Toyota. Based on more than 70 different architectures, starting from serial interfaces to advanced microcontrollers and SoCs, we are designing solutions tailored to your needs. ♦ Pin-out and memory interface identical to the MC68HC11K Microcontrollers Optional enhanced memory interface with Demultiplexed Address/Data Bus, to allow easy integration with external memories Interrupt Controller Two power saving modes: STOP, WAIT Fully synthesizable, static synchronous design, with no internal tri-states No internal reset generator or gated clock Scan test ready ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ DELIVERABLES ♦ Source code: ● ● ● IP CORE OVERVIEW This Document contains a brief description of the D68HC11K core functionality. The D68HC11K is an advanced 8-bit MCU IP Core with highly sophisticated, on-chip peripheral capabilities. In a standard configuration, the core has integrated on-chip major peripheral functions. An asynchronous serial communications interface (SCI) and a separate synchronous serial peripheral interface (SPI), are included. The main 16-bit, free-running timer system has three input capture and five outputcompare lines and a real-time interrupt function. An 8-bit pulse accumulator subsystem can count external events or measure external periods. Selfmonitoring on-chip circuitry is included, to protect D68HC11K against system errors. A computer operating properly (COP) watchdog system protects against software failures. An illegal opcode detection circuit provides a non-maskable interrupt, if illegal opcode is detected. Two softwarecontrolled power-saving modes - WAIT and STOP, are available, to conserve additional power. These modes make the D68HC11K IP Core especially attractive for automotive and battery-driven applications. The D68HC11K has a built-in real time TM hardware on-chip debugger - DoCD , allowing easy software debugging and validation. The D68HC11K is fully customizable - it is delivered in an exact configuration to meet users’ requirements. It includes fully automated test bench with complete set of tests, allowing easy package validation at each stage of SoC design flow. The D68HC11K Microcontroller Core can be used as a direct replacement for the following HC11 Microcontrollers: MC68HC(L)11K0, MC68HC(L)11K1, MC68HC(L)11K4, MC68HC11KS2, MC68HC711K4, MC68HC711KS2, MC68HC11KW1. CPU FEATURES ♦ ♦ Software compatible with 68HC11K standard Cycle compatible with the original implementation ♦ VHDL Source Code or/and VERILOG Source Code or/and Encrypted, or plain text EDIF VHDL & VERILOG test bench environment ● ● ● ♦ Active-HDL automatic simulation macros ModelSim automatic simulation macros Tests with reference responses Technical documentation ● ● ● Installation notes HDL core specification Datasheet ♦ ♦ ♦ Synthesis scripts Example application Technical support ♦ Technical support ● ● ● IP Core implementation support IP Core implementation support 3 months maintenance ● Delivery of the IP Core and documentation updates, minor ● and major versions changes Phone & email support LICENSING Comprehensible and clearly defined licensing methods without royalty-per-chip fees make use of our IP Cores easy and simple. Single-Site license option – dedicated to small and middle sized companies, which run their business in one place. Multi-Site license option – dedicated to corporate customers, who operate at several locations. The licensed product can be used in selected company branches. In all cases the number of IP Core instantiations within a project and the number of manufactured chips are unlimited. The license is royalty-per-chip free. There are no restrictions regarding the time of use. There are two formats of the delivered IP Core: VHDL or Verilog RTL synthesizable source code called HDL Source code FPGA EDIF/NGO/NGD/QXP/VQM called Netlist DESIGN FEATURES 1 Copyright © 1999-2016 DCD – Digital Core Design. All Rights Reserved. All trademarks mentioned in this document are the property of their respective owners. ♦ ♦ ♦ One global system clock Synchronous reset All asynchronous input signals are synchronized before internal use ● ● ♦ The peripherals listed below are implemented in a standard configuration of the D68HC11K. ♦ TM DoCD ● ● ● ● ♦ ♦ ● ● ● ♦ Software selectable polarity and phase of serial clock SCK System errors detection Allows operation from a wide range of system clock frequencies (built-in 5-bit timer) Interrupt generation ● ● ● Standard non-return-to-zero format 8 or 9 bit data transfer Integrated baud rate generator Noise, Overrun and Framing error detection IDLE and BREAK characters generation Wake-up block to recognize UART wake-up from IDLE condition Three SCI related interrupts PWM – Modulation Timer/Counter Memory extension unit and Chip select OPTIONAL PERIPHERALS Optional peripherals (not included in the presented D68HC11K Microcontroller Core) are also available. The optional peripherals can be implemented upon customer’s request. I2C Master & Slave bus controllers ● ● ● ● ● Master operation Multi-master systems supported Performs arbitration and clock synchronization Interrupt generation Supports speed up to 3,4Mb/s (standard, fast & HS modes) FADD, FSUB - addition, subtraction FMUL, FDIV- multiplication, division FSQRT- square root FUCOM - compare FCHS - change sign FABS - absolute value Floating-Point Math Coprocessor (DFPMU) - IEEE754 standard single precision real, word and short integers ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ♦ FADD, FSUB- addition, subtraction FMUL, FDIV- multiplication, division FSQRT- square root FUCOM- compare FCHS - change sign FABS - absolute value FSIN, FCOS- sine, cosine FPTAN, FPATAN- tangent, arcs tangent Floating-Point Arithmetic Coprocessor (DFPAU) IEEE-754 standard single precision ● ● ● ● ● ● Two major modes of operation Simple event counter Gated time accumulation Clocked by internal source or external pin Full-duplex UART - SCI ● ● ● ● ● ● ♦ ♦ SPI – Master and Slave Serial Peripheral Interface ● ♦ Three independent input-capture Five output-compare channels Events capturing Pulses and digital signals generation Gated timers Sophisticated comparator 8-bit Pulse accumulator ● ● ● ● ♦ 16 bit free running counter Four stage programmable prescaler Real Time Interrupt 16-bit Compare/Capture Unit ● ● ● ● ● ● ♦ Dedicated vector and interrupt priority for each interrupt source FADD, FSUB - addition, subtraction FMUL, FDIV- multiplication, division FSQRT- square root FUCOM - compare FCHS - change sign FABS - absolute value Floating-Point Math Coprocessor (DFPMU) - IEEE754 standard single precision real, word and short integers ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Main16-bit timer/counter system ● ● ● ♦ ♦ I/O Ports Interrupt Controller ● ♦ On-Chip Debugger Processor execution control Read, write all processor contents Hardware execution breakpoints Three wire communication interface Floating-Point Arithmetic Coprocessor (DFPAU) IEEE-754 standard single precision ● ● ● ● ● ● PERIPHERALS Allows operation from a wide range of clock frequencies (build-in 8-bit timer) User-defined timing FADD, FSUB- addition, subtraction FMUL, FDIV- multiplication, division FSQRT- square root FUCOM- compare FCHS - change sign FABS - absolute value FSIN, FCOS- sine, cosine FPTAN, FPATAN- tangent, arcs tangent Additional special internal interrupt dedicated for DFPAU or DFPMU UNITS SUMMARY Control Unit - Performs the core synchronization and data flow control. This module manages execution of all instructions. The Control Unit also manages execution of STOP instruction and waking the processor up from the STOP mode. Opcode Decoder - Performs an instruction opcode decoding and the control functions for all other blocks. ALU - Arithmetic Logic Unit performs the arithmetic and logic operations during execution of an instruction. It contains accumulator (A, B), Condition Code Register (CCREG), Index registers X, Y and related logic like arithmetic unit, logic unit, multiplier and divider. Bus Controller – Program Memory, Data Memory & SFR’s (Special Function Register) interface controls access into the program and data memories 2 Copyright © 1999-2016 DCD – Digital Core Design. All Rights Reserved. All trademarks mentioned in this document are the property of their respective owners. and special registers. It contains Program Counter (PC), Stack Pointer (SP) register, and related logic. Interrupt Controller - D68HC11 extended IC has implemented 17-level interrupt priority control. The interrupt requests may come from external pins (IRQ and XIRQ), as well as from particular peripherals. The D68HC11 peripheral systems generate maskable interrupts, which are recognized only, if the global interrupt mask bit (I) in the CCR is cleared. Maskable interrupts are prioritized according to default arrangement, established during reset. However, any source may be elevated to the highest maskable priority position, by using HPRIO register. When interrupt condition occurs, an interrupt status flag is set, to indicate the condition. Timer, Compare Capture & COP Watchdog – This timer system is based on a free-running, 16-bit counter with a 4-stage programmable prescaler. A timer overflow function allows software to extend the timing capability of the system, beyond the 16-bit range of the counter. Three independent inputcapture functions are used, to automatically record the time, when a selected transition is detected at a respective timer input pin. Five output-compare functions are included, for generating output signals or for timing software delays. Since the input-capture and output-compare functions may not be familiar to all users, these concepts are explained in greater detail. A programmable periodic interrupt circuit, called RTI, is tapped off of the main 16-bit timer counter. Software can select one of four rates for the RTI, which is most commonly used to pace the execution of software routines. The COP watchdog function is loosely related to the main timer, in that the clock input to the COP system (clk*217) is tapped off the free-running counter chain. The timer subsystem involves more registers and control bits, than any other subsystem on the MCU. Each of the three input-capture functions has its own 16-bit time capture latch (input-capture register) and each of the five output-compare functions has its own 16-bit compare register. All timer functions, including the timer overflow and RTI, have their own interrupt controls and separate interrupt vectors. Additional control bits, permit software to control the edge(s) that trigger each input-capture function and the automatic actions that result from output-compare functions. Although hardwired logic is included to automate many timer activities, this timer architecture is mainly a software-oriented system. This structure is easily adaptable to a very wide range of applications, although it is not as efficient, as a dedicated hardware for some specific timing applications. SCI - The SCI is a full-duplex UART type asynchronous system, using standard non return to zero (NRZ) format : 1 start bit, 8 or 9 data bits and a 1 stop bit. The D68HC11E resynchronizes the receiver bit clock on all one to zero transitions in the bit stream. Therefore, differences in baud rate between the sending device and the SCI are not as likely to cause reception errors. Three logic samples are taken near the middle of data bit time and majority logic decides the sense for the bit. The receiver also has the ability to enter a temporary standby mode (called receiver wakeup), to ignore messages intended for a different receiver. Logic automatically wakes the receiver up, in time to see the first character of the next message. This wakeup feature greatly reduces CPU overhead in multi-drop SCI networks. The SCI transmitter can produce queued characters of idle (whole characters of all logic 1) and break (whole characters of all logic 0). In addition to the usual transmit data register empty (TDRE) status flag, this SCI also provides a transmit complete (TC) indication, that can be used in applications with a modem. SPI Unit – it’s a fully configurable master/slave Serial Peripheral Interface, which allows user to configure polarity and phase of serial clock signal SCK. It allows the microcontroller to communicate with serial peripheral devices. It is also capable of interprocessor communications, in a multi-master system. A serial clock line (SCK) synchronizes shifting and sampling of the information on the two independent serial data lines. SPI data are simultaneously transmitted and received. SPI system is flexible enough to interface directly with numerous standard product peripherals from several manufacturers. Data rates as high as CLK/4. Clock control logic allows a selection of clock polarity and a choice of two fundamentally different clocking protocols, to accommodate most available synchronous serial peripheral devices. When the SPI is configured as a master, software selects one of four different bit rates, for the serial clock. SPI automatically drives slave select outputs SSO[7:0] and address SPI slave device to exchange serially shifted data. Error-detection logic is included, to support interprocessor communications. A write-collision detector indicates, when an attempt is made to write data to the serial shift register, while a transfer is in progress. A multiple-master mode-fault detector automatically disables SPI output drivers, if more than one SPI devices simultaneously attempt to become bus master. Pulse Accumulator – This system is based on an 8-bit counter and can be configured, to operate as a simple event counter or for gated time accumulation. Unlike the main timer, the 8-bit pulse accumulator counter can be read or written at any time (the 16-bit counter in the main timer cannot be written). Control bits allow the user to configure and control the pulse accumulator subsystem. Two maskable interrupts are associated with the system, each having its own controls and interrupt vector. The PAI pin associated with the pulse accumulator can be configured to act as a clock (event counting mode) or as a gate signal, to enable a free-running E divided by 64 clock to the 8bit counter (gated time accumulation mode). The 3 Copyright © 1999-2016 DCD – Digital Core Design. All Rights Reserved. All trademarks mentioned in this document are the property of their respective owners. alternate functions of the pulse accumulator input (PAI) pin, present some interesting application possibilities. I/O Ports - All ports are 8-bit general-purpose bidirectional I/O system. The PORTA, PORTB, PORTC, PORTD, PORTE, PORTF and PORTG data registers have their corresponding data direction registers DDRX to control ports data flow. It assures that all D68HC11’s ports have full I/O selectable registers. Writes to any ports pins cause data to be stored in the data registers. If any port pins are configured as output then data registers are driven out of those pins. Reads from port pins configured as input causes that input pin is read. If port pins is configured as output, during read data register is read. Writes to any ports pins not configured as outputs, do not cause data to be driven out of those pins, but the data is stored in the output registers. Thus, if the pins later become outputs, the last data written to port will be driven out the port pins. ADCCTRL – External ADC Controller is used as an interface, between D68HC11 internal registers and external serial/parallel ADC converter. This module has several different options, so its details are described in separate document. EEPROMCTRL – External Serial EEPROM controller. Manages data exchange between D68HC11 and external EEPROM. During initialization, copies contents of whole external EEPROM to internal EEPRAM (EEPROM Mirror implemented in standard parallel RAM). This module has several different options, so its details are described in separate document. DoCDTM - Debug Unit – it’s a real-time hardware debugger, which provides debugging capability of a whole SoC system. Unlike other on-chip debuggers, DoCD™ provides non-intrusive debugging of running application. It can halt, run, step into or skip an instruction, read/write any contents of microcontroller, including all registers, internal, external, program memories, all SFRs, including user defined peripherals. Hardware breakpoints can be set and controlled on program memory, internal and external data memories, as well as on SFRs. Hardware breakpoint is executed, if any write/read occurs at particular address, with certain data pattern or without pattern. The DoCDTM system includes three-wire interface and complete set of tools, to communicate and work with core in real time debugging. It is built as scalable unit and some features can be turned off by the user, to save silicon and reduce power consumption. When debugger is not used, it is automatically switched to power save mode. Finally, when debug option is no longer used, whole debugger is turned off. The separate CLKDOCD clock line allows the debugger to operate while the CPU is in STOP mode and the major clock line CLK is stopped. Memory expansion – This unit is able to extend the memory space beyond the physical 64kB. TIMER 2 - Timer 2 is available in D68HC11KW1 only, it comprises a 4-stage prescaler and a 16-bit counter. It has three associated 16-bit output compare registers, along with a software-programmable input capture or output compare register. The functions of Timer 2 share I/O with the pins of port J. TIMER 3 - Timer 3 is available in D68HC11KW1 only, it comprises a 4-stage prescaler and a 16-bit counter. It has three associated 16-bit output compare registers, along with a software-programmable input capture or output compare register. The functions of Timer 3 share I/O with the pins of Port K PINS DESCRIPTION PIN TYPE DESCRIPTION clk input Global system clock reset input Power on reset vector fetch cmf input Clock monitor fail vector fetch halt output Used during STOP to disable CLK oda_lir in/out Mode A input LIR output modb input Mode B input irq input Interrupt input xirq input Non-maskable interrupt input e output portx in/out Internal E Cycle output Ports I/O pins shared with peripheral functions D68HC11 Microcontroller pins adcdatai input Serial ADC data input dcdatao output Serial Data output adcclock output Serial Clock to external ADC adccs output Chip Select to external ADC esi input eso output Serial EEPROM Data output esck output Serial EEPROM Clock ecs output EEPROM Chip Select Optional external ADC Controller pins Serial EEPROM Data input Optional external EEPROM controller pins clkdocd input DoCDTM clock input ocddatai input DoCDTM serial Data input cddatao output DoCDTM Serial Data Output docdclk output DoCDTM Serial Clock Output DoCD debugger interface pins 4 Copyright © 1999-2016 DCD – Digital Core Design. All Rights Reserved. All trademarks mentioned in this document are the property of their respective owners. Pulse accumulator Timer 1 Periodic Interrupt COP Watchdog OC1/PAI OC1/OC2 OC1/OC3 OC1/OC4 IC4/OC1/OC5 IC1 IC2 IC3 Port A Internal EEPROM Memory replaced by external serial EEPROM Controlled by EEPROMCTRL PA7 PA6 PA5 PA4 PA3 PA2 PA1 PA0 Port D ESI ESO ESCK ECS PD7 PD6 PD5 PD4 PD3 PD2 PD1 PD0 Port E BLOCK DIAGRAM PE7 PE6 PE5 PE4 PE3 PE2 PE1 PE0 IRAM SS SCK MOSI MISO SPI IROM / EPROM TXD RXD SCI ADC DOCDDATAI DOCDDATAO DOCDCLK Replaced by External SERIAL ADC DoCD Debugger OC4/IC1 OC3 OC2 OC1 ECIN ADCDATAI ADCDATAO ADCCLOCK ADCCS Timer 2 Timer 3 CHIP Select CSPROG CSGP2 CSGP1 CSIO PWM CSPROG CSGP2 CSGP1 CSIO D68HC11 CPU Port H OC4/IC1 OC3 OC2 OC1 ECIN PH7 PH6 PH5 PH4 PH3 PH2 PH1 PH0 Port G XIRQ IRQ RESET MODA/LIR MODB E XOUT Interrupts & Mode Select PG7 PG6 PG5 PG4 PG3 PG2 PG1 PG0 RW MEM Expansion XA18 XA17 XA16 XA15 XA14 XA13 DATA7 DATA6 DATA5 DATA4 DATA3 DATA2 DATA1 DATA0 Port F Port C PC7 PC6 PC5 PC4 PC3 PC2 PC1 PC0 ADDR7 ADDR6 ADDR5 ADDR4 ADDR3 ADDR2 ADDR1 ADDR0 Port B PF7 PF6 PF5 PF4 PF3 PF2 PF1 PF0 ADDR15 ADDR14 ADDR13 ADDR12 ADDR11 ADDR0 ADDR9 ADDR8 Non-multiplexed address and data buses PB7 PB6 PB5 PB4 PB3 PB2 PB1 PB0 PK7 PK6 PK5 PK4 PK3 PK2 PK1 PK0 Port K PJ7 PJ6 PJ5 PJ4 PJ3 PJ2 PJ1 PJ0 Port J Controlled by ADCCTRL 5 Copyright © 1999-2016 DCD – Digital Core Design. All Rights Reserved. All trademarks mentioned in this document are the property of their respective owners. D68HC11 AND DF6811 MICROCONTROLLERS OVERVIEW Main Timer System - - - DF6805 4.1 64k 64k - - - * 1/1* 1* D68HC05 1.0 64k 64k - - - * 1/1* 1* DF6808 3.2 64k 64k - - - * 2/2* 1* D68HC08 1.0 64k 64k - - - * 2/2* 1* D68HC11E 1.0 64k 64k - 1* * 5/3* 1* D68HC11F 1.0 64K 64K - 1* * 5/3* 1* D68HC11KW1 1.0 1M 1M 1* * 13/6* 3* D68HC11K 1.0 1M 1M 1* * 5/3* 2* DF6811E 4.4 64k 64k - 1* * 5/3* 1* DF6811F 4.4 64k 64k - 1* * 5/3* 1* DF6811K 4.4 1M 1M 1* * 5/3* 2* - - - - - - * 4 + 6 700 * + * -* - 4 - 6 700 * 4 * - 8 900 * 4 * - 8 900 * 4 12 000 * 7 13 500 * 10 21 000 * 7 16 000 * 4 * * * 12 000 * 4 * * * 13 000 7 * D68HCXX family of High Performance Microcontroller Cores Size – ASIC gates Compare\Capture - DoCD Debugger READY for Prg. And Data memories - Interface for additional SFRs Data Pointers - Pulse accumulator Real Time Interrupt 64k 64k 64k Watchdog Timer Motorola Memory Expansion Logic 64k 64k 64k SPI M/S Interface Paged Data Memory space 1 1 1 I\O Ports Physical Linear memory space D6802 D6803 D6809 Design SCI (UART) Speed acceleration The main features of each DF68XX family member have been summarized in the table below. It gives a brief member characteristic, helping you to select the most suitable IP Core for your application. You can specify your own peripheral set (including listed above and others) and request the core modifications. 3 900 6 000 9 000 16 000 + optional * configurable CONTACT Digital Core Design Headquarters: Wroclawska 94, 41-902 Bytom, POLAND e-mail: tel.: fax: [email protected] 0048 32 282 82 66 0048 32 282 74 37 Distributors: Please check: http://dcd.pl/sales 6 Copyright © 1999-2016 DCD – Digital Core Design. All Rights Reserved. All trademarks mentioned in this document are the property of their respective owners.