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OKDx-T/50-W12-C
www.murata-ps.com
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Typical units
FEATURES

Small package: SMD/TH: 30.85 x 20.0 x 8.2 mm
(1.215 x 0.787 x 0.323 in); SIP: 33.0 x 7.6 x 18.1 mm
(1.30 x 0.30 x 0.713 in)
PRODUCT OVERVIEW

Synchonization & phase spreading
The OKDx-T/50-W12 series are high efficiency, digital point-of-Load (PoL) DC-DC
power converters capable of delivering
50A/165W. Available in three different package formats, through-hole, single-in-line,
and surface mount, these converters have a
typical efficiency of 97.2%. PMBus™ compatibility allows monitoring and configuration of
critical system-level performance require-
ments. Apart from standard PoL performance
and safety features like OVP, OCP, OTP, and
UVLO, these digital converters have advanced
features: digital current sharing (full power,
no derating), non-linear transient response,
optimized dead time control, synchronization,
and phase spreading. These converters are
ideal for use in telecommunications, networking, and distributed power applications.

Current sharing, voltage tracking & voltage
margining
Power Management via PMBus™
Applications

Voltage setting via pin-strap or PMBus™

Configurable soft-start/stop

Distributed power architectures

MTBF 14.2 Mh

Configurable output voltage (Vout) and voltage
margins (Margin low and Margin high)

Intermediate bus voltage applications

Configurable protection limits for OVP, input over
voltage, input under voltage, over current, on/off,
and temperature

Network equipment

0.6 V - 3.3 V output voltage range

High efficiency, typ. 97.2% at 5Vin, 3.3Vout half
load

Configuration and monitoring via PMBus™

Adaptive compensation of PWM control loop &
fast loop transient response

Non-Linear Response for reduction of decoupling capacitor

Remote control & power good

Output short-circuit, output over voltage, & over
temperature protection

Certified to UL/IEC 60950-1

Servers and storage applications

Status monitor Vout, Iout, Vin, Temp, Power
good, and On/Off
PART NUMBER STRUCTURE
OKD x - T / 50 - W12 E - xxx - C
Digital Non-isolated PoL
Y = Surface Mount
H = Horizontal Mount Through-Hole
X = SIP
Trimmable Output
Voltage Range
0.6 - 3.3Vdc
RoHS Hazardous
Substance Compliance
C = RoHS-6 (does not claim EU RoHS exemption
7b – lead in solder)
Software Configuration Digits
(001 is positive turn-on logic)
(002 is negative turn-on logic)*
Long pin length (5.5mm)
Maximum Rated Output
Current in Amps
Input Voltage Range
4.5-14Vdc
*Special quantity order is required;
contact Murata Power Solutions for
MOQ and lead times.
PM
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 1 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
ORDERING GUIDE
Model Number
OKDY-T/50-W12-001-C
OKDH-T/50-W12-001-C
OKDX-T/50-W12-001-C
OKDX-T/50-W12E-001-C
OKDH-T/50-W12-002-C
OKDX-T/50-W12-002-C
Output
0.6-3.3 V, 50 A/ 165 W
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Characteristics
TP2
Operating temperature (see Thermal Consideration section)
TS
Storage temperature
VI
Input voltage (See Operating Information Section for input and output voltage relations)
Logic I/O voltage
CTRL, SA0, SA1, SALERT, SCL, SDA, VSET, SYNC, GCB, PG
Ground voltage differential -S, PREF, GND
Analog pin voltage
VO, +S, VTRK
General and Safety
Safety
Calculated MTBF
Min
-40
-40
-0.3
-0.3
-0.3
-0.3
Conditions
Designed for UL/IEC/EN 60950 1
Telcordia SR-332, Issue 2 Method 1
Min
Typ
Typ
14.2
Max
125
125
16
6.5
0.3
6.5
Max
Unit
°C
°C
V
V
V
V
Unit
Mhrs
Stress in excess of Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent
damage. Absolute Maximum Ratings, sometimes referred to as no
destruction limits, are normally tested with one parameter at a time
exceeding the limits in the Electrical Specification. If exposed to stress
above these limits, function and performance may degrade in an
unspecified manner.
default configuration file, unless otherwise specified. The default
configuration file is designed to fit most application needs with focus
on high efficiency. If different characteristics are required it is possible to change the configuration file to optimize certain performance
characteristics. Note that current sharing operation requires changed
configuration file.
Configuration File
This product is designed with a digital control circuit. The control
circuit uses a configuration file which determines the functionality
and performance of the product. The Electrical Specification table
shows parameter values of functionality and performance with the
In this Technical specification examples are included to show the
possibilities with digital control. See Operating Information section for
information about trade offs when optimizing certain key performance
characteristics.
C i=140 μF, C o =400 μF
VIN
VOUT
VIN
VOUT
Ci
Co
GND
GND
+Sense
-Sense
PGOOD
(SA1)
SALERT
CTRL
VSET
Controller and digital interface
SYNC
SCL
SDA
SA0
GCB
VTRK
PREF
Fundamental Circuit Diagram
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 2 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Electrical Specifications, OKDY-T/50-W12-C and OKDH-T/50-W12-C
TP1 = -30 to +95°C, VIN = 4.5 to 14 V, VIN > VOUT + 1.0 V
Typical values given at: TP1 = +25 °C, VIN = 12.0 V, max IOUT, unless otherwise specified under Conditions.
Default configuration file, 190 10-CDA 102 0206/001.
External CIN = 470 μF/10 mΩ, COUT = 470 μF/10 mΩ. See Operating Information section for selection of capacitor types.
Sense pins are connected to the output pins.
Characteristics
VI
Input voltage rise time
Conditions
monotonic
Output voltage without pin strap
Output voltage adjustment range
Output voltage adjustment including margining
Output voltage set-point resolution
VO
Load regulation; IO = 0 - 100%
VOac
Output ripple & noise
CO = 470 μF (minimum external capacitance). See Note 11
IO
Output current
IS
Static input current at max IO
Ilim
Current limit threshold
Isc
Short circuit current
50% of max IO
See Note 17
V
V
V
% FS
-1
1
%
-2
2
%
±0.025
47
2
2
2
3
2
2
2
2
20
25
30
35
VO = 0.6 V
VO = 1.0 V
VO = 1.8 V
VO = 3.3 V
VO = 0.6 V
VO = 1.0 V
VO = 1.8 V
VO = 3.3 V
VO = 0.6 V
VO = 1.0 V
VO = 1.8 V
VO = 3.3 V
See Note 18
VO = 0.6 V
VO = 1.0 V
VO = 1.8 V
VO = 3.3 V
Efficiency
max IO
Pd
Power dissipation at max IO
Pli
Input idling power
(no load)
Default configuration: Continues
Conduction Mode, CCM
Unit
V/ms
3.3
3.63
0.60
0.54
0.001
Ω
mV
mV
mVp-p
50
3.10
4.80
8.19
14.53
52
RMS, hiccup mode, See Note 3
Max
2.4
Internal resistance +S/-S to VOUT/GND
Line regulation
Typ
1.2
Including line, load, temp.
See Note 14
Current sharing operation
See Note 15
Output voltage accuracy
Min
A
65
VO = 0.6 V
VO = 1.0 V
VO = 1.8 V
VO = 3.3 V
11
9
7
6
VO = 0.6 V
VO = 1.0 V
VO = 1.8 V
VO = 3.3 V
VO = 0.6 V
VO = 1.0 V
VO = 1.8 V
VO = 3.3 V
VO = 0.6 V
VO = 1.0 V
VO = 1.8 V
VO = 3.3 V
VO = 0.6 V
VO = 1.0 V
VO = 1.8 V
VO = 3.3 V
85.6
90.4
93.7
95.7
80.5
86.9
91.6
94.6
7.25
7.54
8.28
9.36
0.90
0.90
1.10
1.67
A
A
A
%
%
W
W
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 3 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Characteristics
Turned off with
CTRL-pin
PCTRL
Input standby power
Ci
Co
Internal input capacitance
Internal output capacitance
Total external output capacitance
ESR range of capacitors
(per single capacitor)
COUT
Vtr1
ttr1
fs
Load transient peak
voltage deviation
(L to H/H to L)
Load step 25-75-25%
of max IO
Load transient recovery
time, Note 5
(L to H/H to L)
Load step 25-75-25%
of max IO
Default configuration
di/dt = 2 A/μs
CO = 470 μF (minimum external
capacitance) see Note 12
Default configuration
di/dt = 2 A/μs
CO = 470 μF (minimum external
capacitance) see Note 12
Switching frequency
Switching frequency range
Switching frequency set-point accuracy
Control Circuit PWM Duty Cycle
Minimum Sync Pulse Width
Input Clock Frequency Drift Tolerance
Input Under Voltage Lockout,
UVLO
Input Over Voltage Protection,
IOVP
Power Good, PG,
See Note 2
Output voltage
Over/Under Voltage Protection,
OVP/UVP
Over Current Protection,
OCP
UVLO threshold
UVLO threshold range
Set point accuracy
UVLO hysteresis
UVLO hysteresis range
Delay
Fault response
IOVP threshold
IOVP threshold range
Set point accuracy
IOVP hysteresis
IOVP hysteresis range
Delay
Fault response
PG threshold
PG hysteresis
PG delay
PG delay range
UVP threshold
UVP threshold range
UVP hysteresis
OVP threshold
OVP threshold range
UVP/OVP response time
UVP/OVP
response time range
Fault response
OCP threshold
OCP threshold range
Protection delay,
Protection delay range
Fault response
Conditions
Default configuration:
Monitoring enabled,
Precise timing enabled
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
mW
170
140
400
See Note 9
470
30 000
μF
μF
μF
See Note 9
5
30
mΩ
VO = 0.6 V
VO = 1.0 V
VO = 1.8 V
79 / 256
127 / 298
144 / 324
VO = 3.3 V
210 / 327
VO = 0.6 V
VO = 1.0 V
VO = 1.8 V
60 / 100
100 / 100
100 / 100
VO = 3.3 V
100 / 100
PMBus configurable
320
200-640
External clock source
-5
5
150
-13
5
95
13
-150
150
0.35
0-10.15
2.5
Automatic restart, 70 ms
16
4.2-16
PMBus configurable
See Note 3
PMBus configurable
-150
See Note 3
See Note 19
PMBus configurable
PMBus configurable
PMBus configurable
PMBus configurable
See Note 3
PMBus configurable
See Note 4
PMBus configurable
See Note 3
μs
3.85
3.85-14
PMBus configurable
PMBus configurable
mV
150
1
0-11.8
2.5
Automatic restart, 70 ms
90
5
Direct after DLC
0-500
85
0-100
5
115
100-115
25
5-60
Automatic restart, 70 ms
62
0-62
32
1-32
Automatic restart, 70 ms
kHz
kHz
%
%
ns
%
V
V
mV
V
V
μs
V
V
mV
V
V
μs
% VO
% VO
s
% VO
% VO
% VO
% VO
% VO
μs
μs
A
A
Tsw
Tsw
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 4 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Characteristics
Over Temperature Protection,
OTP at P2
See Note 8
VIL
VIH
IIL
VOL
VOH
IOL
IOH
tset
thold
tfree
Cp
Conditions
OTP threshold
OTP threshold range
OTP hysteresis
OTP hysteresis range
Fault response
Logic input low threshold
Logic input high threshold
Logic input low sink current
Logic output low signal level
Logic output high signal level
Logic output low sink current
Logic output high source current
Setup time, SMBus
Hold time, SMBus
Bus free time, SMBus
Internal capacitance on logic pins
Initialization time
Output Voltage
Delay Time
See Note 6
Output Voltage
Ramp Time
See Note 13
Delay duration
Delay duration range
Delay accuracy
turn-on
Delay accuracy
turn-off
Ramp duration
Ramp duration range
Ramp time accuracy
VTRK Input Bias Current
VTRK Tracking Ramp Accuracy (VO - VVTRK)
VTRK Regulation Accuracy (VO - VVTRK)
Current difference between products in a current sharing group
Min
PMBus configurable
PMBus configurable
See Note 3
SYNC, SA0, SA1, SCL, SDA, GCB, CTRL,
VSET
CTRL
SYNC, SCL, SDA, SALERT, GCB, PG
See Note 1
See Note 1
See Note 1
READ_IOUT vs IO
0.8
V
V
mA
V
V
mA
mA
ns
ns
ms
pF
2
0.6
0.4
2.25
4
2
10
See Note 10
See Note 16
PMBus configurable
40
10
5-500000
Current sharing operation
VVTRK = 5.5 V
100% tracking, see Note 7
Current sharing operation
2 phases, 100% tracking
VO = 1.0 V, 10 ms ramp
100% Tracking
Current sharing operation
100% Tracking
Steady state operation
Ramp-up
IO = 0-50 A, TP1 = 0 to +95 °C
VI = 4.5-14 V, VO = 1.0 V
IO = 0-50 A, TP1 = 0 to +95 °C
VI = 4.5-14 V, VO = 0.6-3.3 V
Note 1: See section I2C/SMBus Setup and Hold Times – Definitions.
Note 2: Monitorable over PMBus Interface.
Note 3: Automatic restart ~70 or 240 ms after fault if the fault is no longer present. Continuous restart attempts if the
fault reappear after restart. See Operating Information for other fault response options.
Note 4: Tsw is the switching period.
Note 5: Within +/-3% of VO
Note 6: See section Soft-start Power Up.
Note 7: Tracking functionality is designed to follow a VTRK signal with slew rate < 2.4 V/ms. For faster VTRK signals
accuracy will depend on the regulator bandwidth.
Note 8: See section Over Temperature Protection (OTP).
Note 9: See section External Capacitors.
Note 10: See section Initialization Procedure.
ms
ms
-0.25/+4
ms
-0.25/+4
ms
10
0-200
100
20
PMBus configurable
READ_VIN vs VI
READ_VOUT vs VO
READ_IOUT vs IO
Unit
°C
°C
°C
°C
300
250
2
Number of products in a current sharing group
Monitoring accuracy
Typ
Max
120
-40…+125
25
0-165
Automatic restart, 240 ms
110
-100
ms
μs
%
200
100
±100
μA
mV
mV
-1
1
%
-2
2
%
Max 2 x READ_IOUT monitoring accuracy
4
7
A
3
1
%
%
±3.0
A
±5.0
A
Note 11: See graph Output Ripple vs External Capacitance and Operating information section Output Ripple and Noise.
Note 12: See graph Load Transient vs. External Capacitance and Operating information section External Capacitors.
Note 13: Time for reaching 100% of nominal Vout.
Note 14: For Vout < 1.0 V accuracy is +/-10 mV. For further deviations see section Output Voltage Adjust using PMBus.
Note 15: Accuracy here means deviation from ideal output voltage level given by configured droop and actual load.
Includes line, load and temperature variations.
Note 16: For current sharing the Output Voltage Delay Time must be reconfigured to minimum 15 ms.
Note 17: For steady state operation above 1.05 x 3.3 V, please contact your local Murata sales representative.
Note 18: A minimum load current is not required if Low Power mode is used (monitoring disabled).
Note 19: See sections Dynamic Loop Compensation and Power Good.
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 5 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Typical Characteristics
Efficiency and Power Dissipation
Efficiency vs. Output Current, VI = 5 V
Power Dissipation vs. Output Current, VI = 5 V
[%]
[W]
100
12
95
10
8
90
0.6 V
1.0 V
85
80
75
0
0
1
0
2
0
3
0
4
0.6 V
6
1.0 V
1.8 V
4
1.8 V
3.3 V
2
3.3 V
0
50 [A]
0
0
1
0
2
0
3
0
4
50 [A]
Efficiency vs. load current and output voltage:
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 5 V, fsw = 320 kHz, CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ.
Dissipated power vs. load current and output voltage:
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 5 V, fsw = 320 kHz, CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ.
Efficiency vs. Output Current, VI = 12 V
Power Dissipation vs. Output Current, VI = 12 V
[%]
[W]
100
12
10
95
8
90
0.6 V
1.0 V
85
80
0.6 V
6
1.0 V
1.8 V
4
1.8 V
3.3 V
2
3.3 V
75
0
0
0
1
0
2
0
3
0
4
50 [A]
0
0
1
0
2
0
3
0
4
50 [A]
Efficiency vs. load current and output voltage at
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, fsw = 320 kHz, CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ.
Dissipated power vs. load current and output voltage:
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, fsw = 320 kHz, CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ.
Efficiency vs. Output Current and
Switching Frequency
Power Dissipation vs. Output Current and
Switching frequency
[%]
[W]
95
12
10
90
200
kHz
85
200
kHz
8
320
kHz
6
320
kHz
80
480
kHz
4
480
kHz
75
640
kHz
2
640
kHz
70
0
0
10
0
2
0
3
0
4
Efficiency vs. load current and switch frequency at
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, VO = 1.0 V, CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ.
Default configuration except changed frequency
50 [A]
0
0
1
0
2
0
3
0
4
50 [A]
Dissipated power vs. load current and switch frequency at
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, VO = 1.0 V, CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ.
Default configuration except changed frequency
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 6 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Typical Characteristics
Load Transient
Load Transient vs. External Capacitance, VO = 1.0 V
[mV]
500
Universal PID,
No NLR
Load Transient vs. External Capacitance, VO = 3.3 V
[mV]
500
Universal PID,
No NLR
400
DLC,
No NLR
400
300
Universal PID,
Default NLR
300
Universal PID,
Default NLR
200
DLC,
Default NLR
200
DLC,
Default NLR
100
Universal PID,
Opt. NLR
100
Universal PID,
Opt. NLR
DLC,
Opt. NLR
0
0
1
2
3
4
DLC,
Opt. NLR
0
0
5 [mF]
DLC,
No NLR
1
2
3
4
5 [mF]
Load transient peak voltage deviation vs. external capacitance.
Step (12.5-37.5-12.5 A). Parallel coupling of capacitors with 470 μF/10 mŸ,
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, VO = 1.0 V, fsw = 320 kHz, di/dt = 2 A/μs
Load transient peak voltage deviation vs. external capacitance.
Step (12.5-37.5-12.5 A). Parallel coupling of capacitors with 470 μF/10 mŸ,
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, VO = 3.3 V, fsw = 320 kHz, di/dt = 2 A/μs
Load transient vs. Switch Frequency
Output Load Transient Response, Default Configuration
[mV]
600
Universal PID,
No NLR
500
DLC,
No NLR
400
Universal PID,
Default NLR
300
DLC,
Default NLR
200
Universal PID,
Opt. NLR
100
DLC,
Opt. NLR
0
200
300
400
500
600 [kHz]
Load transient peak voltage deviation vs. frequency.
Step-change (12.5-37.5-12.5 A).
TP1 = +25 °C. VI = 12 V, VO = 1.0 V, CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ
Output voltage response to load current
Step-change (12.5-37.5-12.5 A) at:
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, VO = 1.0 V
di/dt = 2 A/μs, fsw = 320 kHz
CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ
Top trace: output voltage (200
mV/div.).
Bottom trace: load current (10
A/div.).
Time scale: (0.1 ms/div.).
Note 1: For Universal PID, see section Dynamic Loop Compensation (DLC).
Note 2: In the load transient graphs, the worst-case scenario (load step 37.5-12.5 A) has been
considered.
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 7 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Typical Characteristics
Output Current Characteristic
Output Current Derating, VO = 0.6 V
Output Current Derating, VO = 1.0 V
[A]
[A]
50
50
3.0 m/s
40
2.0 m/s
3.0 m/s
40
2.0 m/s
30
1.0 m/s
30
1.0 m/s
20
0.5 m/s
20
0.5 m/s
Nat. Conv.
10
0
Nat. Conv.
10
0
20
40
60
80
100
120 [°C]
20
40
60
80
100
120 [°C]
Available load current vs. ambient air temperature and airflow at
VO = 0.6 V, VI = 12 V. See Thermal Consideration section.
Available load current vs. ambient air temperature and airflow at
VO = 1.0 V, VI = 12 V. See Thermal Consideration section.
Output Current Derating, VO = 1.8 V
Output Current Derating, VO = 3.3 V
[A]
[A]
50
50
3.0 m/s
3.0 m/s
40
40
2.0 m/s
2.0 m/s
30
1.0 m/s
30
1.0 m/s
20
0.5 m/s
20
0.5 m/s
Nat. Conv.
10
10
Nat. Conv.
0
0
20
40
60
80
100
20
120 [°C]
40
60
80
100
120 [°C]
Available load current vs. ambient air temperature and airflow at
VO = 3.3 V, VI = 12 V. See Thermal Consideration section.
Available load current vs. ambient air temperature and airflow at
VO = 1.8 V, VI = 12 V. See Thermal Consideration section.
Current Limit Characteristics, VO = 1.0 V
Current Limit Characteristics, VO = 3.3 V
[V]
[V]
1.2
4.0
VI = 4.5, 5 .0V
VI = 5.0, 12 V
0.9
3.0
4.5 V
4.5 V
5.0 V
0.6
5.0 V
2.0
12 V
12 V
VI = 4.5,14 V
14 V
0.3
0.0
VI = 12, 14 V
14 V
1.0
0.0
50
55
60
65 [A]
50
55
60
65 [A]
Output voltage vs. load current at TP1 = +25 °C, VO = 1.0 V.
Output voltage vs. load current at TP1 = +25 °C, VO = 3.3 V.
Note: Output enters hiccup mode at current limit.
Note: Output enters hiccup mode at current limit.
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 8 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Typical Characteristics
Output Voltage
Output Ripple & Noise, VO = 1.0 V
Output Ripple & Noise, VO = 3.3 V
Output voltage ripple at: TP1 = +25 °C, Trace: output voltage (10 mV/div.).
Time scale: (2 μs/div.).
VI = 12 V, CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ
IO = 50 A
Output voltage ripple at: TP1 = +25 °C, Trace: output voltage (10 mV/div.).
VI = 12 V, CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ
Time scale: (2 μs/div.).
IO = 50 A
Output Ripple vs. Input Voltage
Output Ripple vs. Frequency
[mVpk-pk]
[mVpk-pk]
40
70
60
30
50
0.6 V
1.0 V
40
1.0 V
1.8 V
30
3.3 V
20
0.6 V
20
10
1.8 V
3.3 V
10
0
5
7
9
11
0
[V]
13
200
300
400
500
600
[kHz]
Output voltage ripple Vpk-pk at: TP1 = +25 °C, CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ, IO = 50 A
Output voltage ripple Vpk-pk at: TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ,
IO = 50 A. Default configuration except changed frequency.
Output Ripple vs. External Capacitance
Load regulation, VO = 1.0 V
[mV]
[V]
40
1.010
30
0.6 V
1.005
4.5 V
1.0 V
20
1.8 V
3.3 V
10
0
0
1
2
3
4
5 [mF]
Output voltage ripple Vpk-pk at: TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V. IO = 50 A.
Parallel coupling of capacitors with 470 μF/10 mŸ
5.0 V
1.000
12 V
14 V
0.995
0.990
0
5
10
15
20
25 [A]
Load regulation at VO = 1.0 V, TP1 = +25 °C, CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 9 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Typical Characteristics
Start-up and shut-down
Start-up by input source
Start-up enabled by connecting VI at:
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, VO = 1.0 V
CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ, IO = 50 A
Shut-down by input source
Top trace: output voltage (0.5 V/div.).
Bottom trace: input voltage (5 V/div.).
Time scale: (20 ms/div.).
Start-up by CTRL signal
Start-up by enabling CTRL signal at:
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, VO = 1.0 V
CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ, IO = 50 A
Shut-down enabled by disconnecting
VI at:
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, VO = 1.0 V
CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ, IO = 50 A
Top trace: output voltage (0.5 V/div.).
Bottom trace: input voltage (5 V/div.).
Time scale: (2 ms/div.).
Shut-down by CTRL signal
Top trace: output voltage (0.5 V/div.).
Bottom trace: CTRL signal (2 V/div.).
Time scale: (20 ms/div.).
Shut-down enabled by disconnecting
VI at:
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, VO = 1.0 V
CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ, IO = 50 A
Top trace: output voltage (0.5 V/div).
Bottom trace: CTRL signal (2 V/div.).
Time scale: (2 ms/div.).
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 10 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Electrical Specifications, OKDX-T/50-W12-C
TP1 = -30 to +95 °C, VI = 4.5 to 14 V, VI > VO + 1.0 V
Typical values given at: TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12.0 V, max IO, unless otherwise specified under Conditions.
Default configuration file, 190 10-CDA 102 0259/001.
External CIN = 470 μF/10 mΩ, COUT = 470 μF/10 mΩ. See Operating Information section for selection of capacitor types.
Sense pins are connected to the output pins.
Characteristics
VI
Input voltage rise time
Conditions
monotonic
Output voltage without pin strap
Output voltage adjustment range
Output voltage adjustment including margining
Output voltage set-point resolution
VO
Load regulation; IO = 0 - 100%
VOac
Output ripple & noise
CO = 470 μF (minimum external capacitance). See Note 11
IO
Output current
IS
Static input current at max IO
Ilim
Current limit threshold
Isc
Short circuit current
RMS, hiccup mode, See Note 3
Efficiency
max IO
Pd
Power dissipation at max IO
Pli
Input idling power
(no load)
Default configuration: Continues
Conduction Mode, CCM
PCTRL
Input standby power
Turned off with
CTRL-pin
Ci
Internal input capacitance
Max
2.4
Unit
V/ms
3.3
3.63
V
V
V
% FS
1
%
2
%
±0.025
-1
-2
47
2
2
2
3
2
2
2
2
20
25
30
40
VO = 0.6 V
VO = 1.0 V
VO = 1.8 V
VO = 3.3 V
VO = 0.6 V
VO = 1.0 V
VO = 1.8 V
VO = 3.3 V
VO = 0.6 V
VO = 1.0 V
VO = 1.8 V
VO = 3.3 V
See Note 18
VO = 0.6 V
VO = 1.0 V
VO = 1.8 V
VO = 3.3 V
0.001
mV
mV
mVp-p
50
10
8
6
5
VO = 0.6 V
VO = 1.0 V
VO = 1.8 V
VO = 3.3 V
VO = 0.6 V
VO = 1.0 V
VO = 1.8 V
VO = 3.3 V
VO = 0.6 V
VO = 1.0 V
VO = 1.8 V
VO = 3.3 V
VO = 0.6 V
VO = 1.0 V
VO = 1.8 V
VO = 3.3 V
85.2
90.2
93.3
95.3
80.2
86.6
91.2
94.2
7.40
7.73
8.68
10.15
0.95
0.95
1.22
1.88
170
140
A
A
65
VO = 0.6 V
VO = 1.0 V
VO = 1.8 V
VO = 3.3 V
Default configuration:
Monitoring enabled,
Precise timing enabled
Ω
3.12
4.81
8.22
14.59
52
50% of max IO
See Note 17
0.60
0.54
Internal resistance +S/-S to VOUT/GND
Line regulation
Typ
1.2
Including line, load, temp.
See Note 14
Current sharing operation
See Note 15
Output voltage accuracy
Min
A
A
%
%
W
W
mW
μF
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 11 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Characteristics
Co
Internal output capacitance
Total external output capacitance
COUT
ESR range of capacitors
(per single capacitor)
Vtr1
ttr1
fs
Load transient peak
voltage deviation
(L to H/H to L)
Load step 25-75-25%
of max IO
Default configuration
di/dt = 2 A/μs
CO = 470 μF (minimum external
capacitance) see Note 12
Load transient recovery
time, Note 5
(L to H/H to L)
Load step 25-75-25%
of max IO
Default configuration
di/dt = 2 A/μs
CO = 470 μF (minimum external
capacitance) see Note 12
Switching frequency
Switching frequency range
Switching frequency set-point accuracy
Control Circuit PWM Duty Cycle
Minimum Sync Pulse Width
Input Clock Frequency Drift Tolerance
Input Under Voltage Lockout,
UVLO
Input Over Voltage Protection,
IOVP
Power Good, PG,
See Note 2
Output voltage
Over/Under Voltage Protection,
OVP/UVP
Over Current Protection,
OCP
UVLO threshold
UVLO threshold range
Set point accuracy
UVLO hysteresis
UVLO hysteresis range
Delay
Fault response
IOVP threshold
IOVP threshold range
Set point accuracy
IOVP hysteresis
IOVP hysteresis range
Delay
Fault response
PG threshold
PG hysteresis
PG delay
PG delay range
UVP threshold
UVP threshold range
UVP hysteresis
OVP threshold
OVP threshold range
UVP/OVP response time
UVP/OVP
response time range
Fault response
OCP threshold
OCP threshold range
Protection delay,
Protection delay range
Fault response
Conditions
Min
Typ
400
See Note 9
470
30 000
Unit
μF
μF
See Note 9
5
30
mΩ
VO = 0.6 V
90 / 300
VO = 1.0 V
120 / 300
VO = 1.8 V
160 / 305
VO = 3.3 V
230 / 315
VO = 0.6 V
70 / 100
VO = 1.0 V
100 / 100
VO = 1.8 V
100 / 100
VO = 3.3 V
100 / 100
PMBus configurable
320
200-640
External clock source
mV
μs
-5
5
150
-13
5
95
13
3.85
3.85-14
PMBus configurable
-150
150
0.35
0-10.15
2.5
Automatic restart, 70 ms
16
4.2-16
PMBus configurable
See Note 3
PMBus configurable
-150
PMBus configurable
See Note 3
See Note 19
PMBus configurable
PMBus configurable
PMBus configurable
PMBus configurable
See Note 3
PMBus configurable
See Note 4
PMBus configurable
See Note 3
Max
150
kHz
kHz
%
%
ns
%
V
V
mV
V
V
μs
V
V
mV
V
V
μs
1
0-11.8
2.5
Automatic restart, 70 ms
90
5
Direct after DLC
0-500
85
0-100
5
115
100-115
25
% VO
% VO
ms
s
% VO
% VO
% VO
% VO
% VO
μs
5-60
μs
Automatic restart, 70 ms
60
0-60
32
1-32
Automatic restart, 70 ms
A
A
Tsw
Tsw
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 12 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Characteristics
Over Temperature Protection,
OTP at P2
See Note 8
VIL
VIH
IIL
VOL
VOH
IOL
IOH
tset
thold
tfree
Cp
Conditions
OTP threshold
OTP threshold range
OTP hysteresis
OTP hysteresis range
Fault response
Logic input low threshold
Logic input high threshold
Logic input low sink current
Logic output low signal level
Logic output high signal level
Logic output low sink current
Logic output high source current
Setup time, SMBus
Hold time, SMBus
Bus free time, SMBus
Internal capacitance on logic pins
Initialization time
Output Voltage
Delay Time
See Note 6
Output Voltage
Ramp Time
See Note 13
Delay duration
Delay duration range
Delay accuracy
turn-on
Delay accuracy
turn-off
Ramp duration
Ramp duration range
Ramp time accuracy
VTRK Input Bias Current
VTRK Tracking Ramp Accuracy (VO - VVTRK)
VTRK Regulation Accuracy (VO - VVTRK)
Current difference between products in a current sharing group
Min
PMBus configurable
PMBus configurable
See Note 3
SYNC, SA0, SA1, SCL, SDA, GCB, CTRL,
VSET
CTRL
SYNC, SCL, SDA, SALERT, GCB, PG
See Note 1
See Note 1
See Note 1
READ_IOUT vs IO
0.8
V
V
mA
V
V
mA
mA
ns
ns
ms
pF
2
0.6
0.4
2.25
4
2
10
See Note 10
See Note 16
PMBus configurable
40
10
5-500000
Current sharing operation
VVTRK = 5.5 V
100% tracking, see Note 7
Current sharing operation
2 phases, 100% tracking
VO = 1.0 V, 10 ms ramp
100% Tracking
Current sharing operation
100% Tracking
Steady state operation
Ramp-up
IO = 0-50 A, TP1 = 0 to +95 °C
VI = 4.5-14 V, VO = 1.0 V
IO = 0-50 A, TP1 = 0 to +95 °C
VI = 4.5-14 V, VO = 0.6-3.3 V
Note 1: See section I2C/SMBus Setup and Hold Times – Definitions.
Note 2: Monitorable over PMBus Interface.
Note 3: Automatic restart ~70 or 240 ms after fault if the fault is no longer present. Continuous restart attempts if the
fault reappear after restart. See Operating Information for other fault response options.
Note 4: Tsw is the switching period.
Note 5: Within +/-3% of VO
Note 6: See section Soft-start Power Up.
Note 7: Tracking functionality is designed to follow a VTRK signal with slew rate < 2.4 V/ms. For faster VTRK signals
accuracy will depend on the regulator bandwidth.
Note 8: See section Over Temperature Protection (OTP).
Note 9: See section External Capacitors.
Note 10: See section Initialization Procedure.
ms
ms
-0.25/+4
ms
-0.25/+4
ms
10
0-200
100
20
PMBus configurable
READ_VIN vs VI
READ_VOUT vs VO
READ_IOUT vs IO
Unit
°C
°C
°C
°C
300
250
2
Number of products in a current sharing group
Monitoring accuracy
Typ
Max
120
-40…+125
25
0-165
Automatic restart, 240 ms
110
-100
ms
μs
%
200
100
±100
μA
mV
mV
-1
1
%
-2
2
%
Max 2 x READ_IOUT monitoring accuracy
4
7
A
3
1
%
%
±3.0
A
±5.0
A
Note 11: See graph Output Ripple vs External Capacitance and Operating information section Output Ripple and Noise.
Note 12: See graph Load Transient vs. External Capacitance and Operating information section External Capacitors.
Note 13: Time for reaching 100% of nominal Vout.
Note 14: For Vout < 1.0 V accuracy is +/-10 mV. For further deviations see section Output Voltage Adjust using PMBus.
Note 15: Accuracy here means deviation from ideal output voltage level given by configured droop and actual load.
Includes line, load and temperature variations.
Note 16: For current sharing the Output Voltage Delay Time must be reconfigured to minimum 15 ms.
Note 17: For steady state operation above 1.05 x 3.3 V, please contact your local Murata sales representative.
Note 18: A minimum load current is not required if Low Power mode is used (monitoring disabled).
Note 19: See sections Dynamic Loop Compensation and Power Good.
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 13 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Typical Characteristics
Efficiency and Power Dissipation
Efficiency vs. Output Current, VI = 5 V
Power Dissipation vs. Output Current, VI = 5 V
[%]
[W]
100
12
10
95
8
90
0.6 V
1.0 V
85
80
75
0
10
20
30
40
0.6 V
6
1.0 V
1.8 V
4
1.8 V
3.3 V
2
3.3 V
0
50 [A]
0
10
20
30
40
50 [A]
Efficiency vs. load current and output voltage:
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 5 V, fsw = 320 kHz, CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ.
Dissipated power vs. load current and output voltage:
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 5 V, fsw = 320 kHz, CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ.
Efficiency vs. Output Current, VI = 12 V
Power Dissipation vs. Output Current, VI = 12 V
[%]
[W]
100
12
10
95
8
90
0.6 V
1.0 V
85
80
0.6 V
6
1.0 V
1.8 V
4
1.8 V
3.3 V
2
3.3 V
75
0
0
10
20
30
40
50 [A]
0
10
20
30
40
50 [A]
Efficiency vs. load current and output voltage at
TP1 = +25 °C, VI=12 V, fsw = 320 kHz, CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ.
Dissipated power vs. load current and output voltage:
TP1 = +25 °C, VI=12 V, fsw = 320 kHz, CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ.
Efficiency vs. Output Current and
Switching Frequency
Power Dissipation vs. Output Current and
Switching frequency
[%]
[W]
95
12
10
90
200
kHz
85
200
kHz
8
320
kHz
6
320
kHz
80
480
kHz
4
480
kHz
75
640
kHz
2
640
kHz
70
0
0
10
20
30
40
Efficiency vs. load current and switch frequency at
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, VO = 1.0 V, CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ.
Default configuration except changed frequency
50 [A]
0
10
20
30
40
50 [A]
Dissipated power vs. load current and switch frequency at
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, VO = 1.0 V, CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ.
Default configuration except changed frequency
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 14 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Typical Characteristics
Load Transient
Load Transient vs. External Capacitance, VO = 1.0 V
[mV]
500
400
Universal PID,
No NLR
Load Transient vs. External Capacitance, VO = 3.3 V
[mV]
500
Universal PID,
No NLR
DLC,
No NLR
400
DLC,
No NLR
300
Universal PID,
Default NLR
300
Universal PID,
Default NLR
200
DLC,
Default NLR
200
DLC,
Default NLR
100
Universal PID,
Opt. NLR
100
Universal PID,
Opt. NLR
DLC,
Opt. NLR
0
0
1
2
3
4
5 [mF]
DLC,
Opt. NLR
0
0
1
2
3
4
5 [mF]
Load transient peak voltage deviation vs. external capacitance.
Step (12.5-37.5-12.5 A). Parallel coupling of capacitors with 470 μF/10 mŸ,
TP1 = +25 °C. VI = 12 V, VO = 1.0 V, fsw = 320 kHz, di/dt = 2 A/μs
Load transient peak voltage deviation vs. external capacitance.
Step (12.5-37.5-12.5 A). Parallel coupling of capacitors with 470 μF/10 mŸ,
TP1 = +25 °C. VI = 12 V, VO = 3.3 V, fsw = 320 kHz, di/dt = 2 A/μs
Load transient vs. Switch Frequency
Output Load Transient Response, Default Configuration
[mV]
600
Universal PID,
No NLR
500
DLC,
No NLR
400
Universal PID,
Default NLR
300
DLC,
Default NLR
200
Universal PID,
Opt. NLR
100
DLC,
Opt. NLR
0
200
300
400
500
600 [kHz]
Load transient peak voltage deviation vs. frequency.
Step-change (12.5-37.5-12.5 A).
TP1 = +25 °C. VI = 12 V, VO = 1.0 V, CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ
Output voltage response to load
Step-change (12.5-37.5-12.5 A) at:
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, VO = 1.0 V
di/dt = 2 A/μs, fsw = 320 kHz
CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ
Top trace: output voltage (200 mV/div.).
Bottom trace: load current (10 A/div.).
Time scale: (0.1 ms/div.).
Note 1: For Universal PID, see section Dynamic Loop Compensation (DLC).
Note 2: In these graphs, the worst-case scenario (load step 37.5-12.5 A) has been considered.
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 15 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Typical Characteristics
Output Current Characteristic
Output Current Derating, VO = 0.6 V
Output Current Derating, VO = 1.0 V
[A]
[A]
50
50
3.0 m/s
3.0 m/s
40
2.0 m/s
40
2.0 m/s
30
1.0 m/s
30
1.0 m/s
20
0.5 m/s
20
0.5 m/s
Nat. Conv.
10
0
Nat. Conv.
10
0
20
40
60
80
100
120 [°C]
20
40
60
80
100
120 [°C]
Available load current vs. ambient air temperature and airflow at
VO = 0.6 V, VI = 12 V. See Thermal Consideration section.
Available load current vs. ambient air temperature and airflow at
VO = 1.0 V, VI = 12 V. See Thermal Consideration section.
Output Current Derating, VO = 1.8 V
Output Current Derating, VO = 3.3 V
[A]
[A]
50
50
3.0 m/s
3.0 m/s
40
2.0 m/s
40
2.0 m/s
30
1.0 m/s
30
1.0 m/s
20
0.5 m/s
20
0.5 m/s
Nat. Conv.
10
0
Nat. Conv.
10
0
20
40
60
80
100
120 [°C]
20
Available load current vs. ambient air temperature and airflow at
VO = 1.8 V, VI = 12 V. See Thermal Consideration section.
40
60
80
100
120 [°C]
Available load current vs. ambient air temperature and airflow at
VO = 3.3 V, VI = 12 V. See Thermal Consideration section.
Current Limit Characteristics, VO = 1.0 V
Current Limit Characteristics, VO = 3.3 V
[V]
[V]
1,2
4,0
0,9
3,0
4.5 V
4.5 V
5.0 V
0,6
VI = 4.5, 5.0 V
VI = 12, 14 V
5.0 V
2,0
12 V
12 V
14 V
0,3
0,0
VI = 4.5, 14 V
VI = 5.0, 12 V
14 V
1,0
0,0
50
55
60
65 [A]
Output voltage vs. load current at TP1 = +25 °C, VO = 1.0 V.
Note: Output enters hiccup mode at current limit.
50
55
60
65 [A]
Output voltage vs. load current at TP1 = +25 °C, VO = 3.3 V.
Note: Output enters hiccup mode at current limit.
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 16 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Typical Characteristics
Output Voltage
Output Ripple & Noise, VO = 1.0 V
Output Ripple & Noise, VO = 3.3 V
Output voltage ripple at: TP1 = +25 °C, Trace: output voltage (10 mV/div.).
Time scale: (2 μs/div.).
VI = 12 V, CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ
IO = 50 A
Output voltage ripple at: TP1 = +25 °C, Trace: output voltage (10 mV/div.).
Time scale: (2 μs/div.).
VI = 12 V, CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ
IO = 50 A
Output Ripple vs. Input Voltage
Output Ripple vs. Frequency
[mVpk-pk]
[mVpk-pk]
50
60
50
40
0.6 V
30
1.0 V
0.6 V
40
1.0 V
30
1.8 V
1.8 V
20
3.3 V
10
3.3 V
20
10
0
5
7
9
11
0
[V]
13
200
300
400
500
600
[kHz]
Output voltage ripple Vpk-pk at: TP1 = +25 °C, CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ, IO = 50 A.
Output voltage ripple Vpk-pk at: TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ,
IO = 50 A. Default configuration except changed frequency.
Output Ripple vs. External Capacitance
Load regulation, VO = 1.0 V
[mV]
[V]
50
1,010
40
0.6 V
30
1,005
4.5 V
1.0 V
1.8 V
20
3.3 V
10
0
0
1
2
3
4
5 [mF]
Output voltage ripple Vpk-pk at: TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, IO = 50 A.
Parallel coupling of capacitors with 470 μF/10 mŸ
5.0 V
1,000
12 V
14 V
0,995
0,990
0
5
10
15
20
25 [A]
Load regulation at VO = 1.0 V, TP1 = +25 °C, CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 17 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Typical Characteristics
Start-up and shut-down
Start-up by input source
Start-up enabled by connecting VI at:
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, VO = 1.0 V
CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ, IO = 50 A
Shut-down by input source
Top trace: output voltage (0.5 V/div.).
Bottom trace: input voltage (5 V/div.).
Time scale: (20 ms/div.).
Start-up by CTRL signal
Start-up by enabling CTRL signal at:
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, VO = 1.0 V
CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ, IO = 50 A
Shut-down enabled by disconnecting
VI at:
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, VO = 1.0 V
CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ, IO = 50 A
Top trace: output voltage (0.5 V/div).
Bottom trace: input voltage (5 V/div.).
Time scale: (2 ms/div.).
Shut-down by CTRL signal
Top trace: output voltage (0.5 V/div.).
Bottom trace: CTRL signal (2 V/div.).
Time scale: (20 ms/div.).
Shut-down enabled by disconnecting
VI at:
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, VO = 1.0 V
CO = 470 μF/10 mŸ, IO = 50 A
Top trace: output voltage (0.5 V/div).
Bottom trace: CTRL signal (2 V/div.).
Time scale: (2 ms/div.).
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OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Conducted EMI Input terminal value (typical for default configuration)
Output Ripple and Noise
Output ripple and noise is measured according to figure below.
A 50 mm conductor works as a small inductor forming together with the
two capacitors as a damped filter.
50 mm conductor
Vout
Tantalum
Capacitor
Output
10 μ F
Capacitor
470 μ F/10 m Ω
+S
–S
GND
Ceramic
Capacitor
0.1 μ F
Load
EMC Specification
Conducted EMI measured according to test set-up below. The fundamental switching frequency is 320 kHz at VI = 12 V, max IO.
50 mm conductor
BNC-contact to
oscilloscope
Output ripple and noise test set-up.
Operating information
EMI without filter
To spectrum
analyzer
RF Current probe
1kHz – 50MHz
Battery
supply
Resistive
load
C1
POL
50mm
C1 = 10uF / 600VDC
Feed- Thru RF capacitor
800mm
200mm
Conducted EMI test set-up
Layout Recommendations
The radiated EMI performance of the product will depend on the PWB
layout and ground layer design. It is also important to consider the standoff of the product. If a ground layer is used, it should be connected to the
output of the product and the equipment ground or chassis.
Power Management Overview
This product is equipped with a PMBus interface. The product incorporates a wide range of readable and configurable power management
features that are simple to implement with a minimum of external
components. Additionally, the product includes protection features
that continuously safeguard the load from damage due to unexpected
system faults. A fault is also shown as an alert on the SALERT pin.
The following product parameters can continuously be monitored by a
host: Input voltage, output voltage/current, and internal temperature. If
the monitoring is not needed it can be disabled and the product enters
a low power mode reducing the power consumption. The protection
features are not affected.
The product is delivered with a default configuration suitable
for a wide range operation in terms of input voltage, output voltage, and load. The configuration is stored in an internal Non-Volatile
Memory (NVM). All power management functions can be reconfigured
using the PMBus interface. Please contact your local Murata Power
Solutions representative for design support of custom configurations or appropriate SW tools for design and download of your own
configurations.
Input Voltage
The input voltage range, 4.5 - 14 V, makes the product easy to use in
intermediate bus applications when powered by a non-regulated bus
converter or a regulated bus converter. See Ordering Information for
input voltage range.
A ground layer will increase the stray capacitance in the PWB
and improve the high frequency EMC performance.
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 19 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Input Under Voltage Lockout, UVLO
The product monitors the input voltage and will turn-on and turn-off at
configured levels. The default turn-on input voltage level setting is 4.20 V,
whereas the corresponding turn-off input voltage level is 3.85 V. Hence,
the default hysteresis between turn-on and turn-off input voltage is 0.35 V.
Once an input turn-off condition occurs, the device can respond in a
number of ways as follows:
1.
Continue operating without interruption. The unit will continue to
operate as long as the input voltage can be supported. If the input
voltage continues to fall, there will come a point where the unit will
cease to operate.
2.
Continue operating for a given delay period, followed by shutdown if
the fault still exists. The device will remain in shutdown until
instructed to restart.
I inputRMS = I load D (1–D),
where I load is the output load current and D is the duty cycle. The
maximum load ripple current becomes I load 2 . The ripple current is
divided into three parts, i.e., currents in the input source, external input
capacitor, and internal input capacitor. How the current is divided depends
on the impedance of the input source, ESR and capacitance values in the
capacitors. A minimum capacitance of 300 μF with low ESR is
recommended. The ripple current rating of the capacitors must follow
Eq. 1. For high-performance/transient applications or wherever the input
source performance is degraded, additional low ESR ceramic type
capacitors at the input is recommended. The additional input low ESR
capacitance above the minimum level insures an optimized performance.
Output capacitors:
When powering loads with significant dynamic current requirements, the
voltage regulation at the point of load can be improved by addition of
decoupling capacitors at the load.
The default response from a turn-off is an immediate shutdown of the
The most effective technique is to locate low ESR ceramic and electrolytic
device. The device will continuously check for the presence of the fault
capacitors as close to the load as possible, using several capacitors in
condition. If the fault condition is no longer present, the product will be reenabled. The turn-on and turn-off levels and response can be reconfigured parallel to lower the effective ESR. The ceramic capacitors will handle highfrequency dynamic load changes while the electrolytic capacitors are used
using the PMBus interface.
to handle low frequency dynamic load changes. Ceramic capacitors will
also reduce high frequency noise at the load.
Remote Control
It is equally important to use low resistance and low inductance PWB
The product is equipped with a remote layouts and cabling.
control function, i.e., the CTRL pin. The External decoupling capacitors are a part of the control loop of the product
Vext
remote control can be connected to
and may affect the stability margins.
either the primary negative input
Stable operation is guaranteed for the following total capacitance CO in
connection (GND) or an external
CTRL
the
output decoupling capacitor bank where
voltage (Vext), which is a 3 - 5 V
positive supply voltage in accordance
Eq. 2. CO >C min , C max @ >470, 30000@ μF.
GND
to the SMBus Specification version
The decoupling capacitor bank should consist of capacitors which has a
2.0.
capacitance value larger than C t C min and has an ESR range of
The CTRL function allows the product to be turned on/off by an external
device like a semiconductor or mechanical switch. By default the product
Eq. 3.
ESR >ESRmin , ESRmax @ >5, 30@ mΩ
will turn on when the CTRL pin is left open and turn off when the CTRL pin
is applied to GND. The CTRL pin has an internal pull-up resistor. When the
The control loop stability margins are limited by the minimum time constant
CTRL pin is left open, the voltage generated on the CTRL pin is max 5.5 V.
W min of the capacitors. Hence, the time constant of the capacitors should
If the device is to be synchronized to an external clock source, the clock
follow Eq. 4.
frequency must be stable prior to asserting the CTRL pin.
Eq. 4. W t W min C min ESRmin 2.35 P s
The product can also be configured using the PMBus interface to be
“Always on” or turn on/off can be performed with PMBus commands.
This relation can be used if your preferred capacitors have parameters
outside the above stated ranges in Eq. 2 and Eq.3.
Input and Output Impedance
The impedance of both the input source and the load will interact with the
impedance of the product. It is important that the input source has low
characteristic impedance. The performance in some applications can be
enhanced by addition of external capacitance as described under External
x If the capacitors capacitance value is C C min one must use at least
Decoupling Capacitors. If the input voltage source contains significant
N capacitors where
inductance, the addition a capacitor with low ESR at the input of the
C
product will ensure stable operation.
ªC º
N t « min » and ESR t ESRmin min .
C
C
»
«
External Capacitors
x If the ESR value is ESR ! ESRmax one must use at least N capacitors
Input capacitors:
of that type where
The input ripple RMS current in a buck converter is equal to
3.
Initiate an immediate shutdown until the fault has been cleared. The
user can select a specific number of retry attempts.
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 20 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
ª ESR º
C min
N t«
.
» and C t
ESR
N
max »
«
x If the ESR value is ESR ESR min the capacitance value should be
ESRmin
.
ESR
For a total capacitance outside the above stated range or capacitors that do
not follow the stated above requirements above a re-design of the control
loop parameters will be necessary for robust dynamic operation and
stability.
C t C min
Control Loop
The product uses a voltage-mode synchronous buck controller with a fixed
frequency PWM scheme. Although the product uses a digital control loop, it
operates much like a traditional analog PWM controller. As in the analog
controller case, the control loop compares the output voltage to the desired
voltage reference and compensation is added to keep the loop stable and
fast. The resulting error signal is used to drive the PWM logic. Instead of
using external resistors and capacitors required with traditional analog
control loops, the product uses a digital Proportional-Integral-Derivative
(PID) compensator in the control loop. The characteristics of the control
loop is configured by setting PID compensation parameters. These PID
settings can be reconfigured using the PMBus interface.
Dynamic Loop Compensation (DLC)
The DLC feature might in some documents be referred to as “Auto
Compensation” or “Auto Tuning” feature.
The DLC feature measures the characteristics of the power train and
calculates the proper compensator PID coefficients.
The default configuration is that once the output voltage ramp up has
completed, the DLC algorithm will begin and a new optimized
compensator solution (PID setting) will be found and implemented. The
DLC algorithm typically takes between 50 ms and 200 ms to complete.
By the PMBus command AUTO_COMP_CONFIG the user may select
between several different modes of operation:
x
x
x
x
Disable
Autocomp once, will run DLC algorithm each time the output is
enabled (default configuration)
Autocomp every second will initiate a new DLC algorithm each 1
second
Autocomp every minute will initiate a new DLC algorithm every
minute.
The DLC can also be configured to run once only after the first ramp up
(after input power have been applied) and to use that temporary stored PID
settings in all subsequent ramps. If input power is cycled a new DLC
algorithm will be performed after the first ramp up. The default setting is
however to run the DLC algorithm after every ramp up.
The DLC algorithm can also be initiated manually by sending the
AUTO_COMP_CONTROL command.
The DLC can also be configured with Auto Comp Gain Control. This scales
the DLC results to allow a trade-off between transient response and
steady-state duty cycle jitter. A setting of 100% will provide the fastest
transient response while a setting of 10% will produce the lowest jitter.
The default is 50%.
Changing DLC and PID Setting
Some caution must be considered while DLC is enabled and when it is
changed from enabled or disabled.
When operating, the controller IC uses the settings loaded in its (volatile)
RAM memory. When the input power is applied the RAM settings are
retrieved from the pin-strap resistors and the two non-volatile memories
(DEFAULT and USER). The sequence is described in the “Initialization
Procedure” section.
When DLC is enabled:
When DLC is enabled, the normal sequence (after input power has been
applied) that a value stored in the user non-volatile memory overwrites any
previously loaded value does not apply for the PID setting (stored in the
PID_TAPS register). The PID setting in the user non-volatile memory is
ignored and a non-configurable default PID setting is loaded to RAM to act
as a safe starting value for the DLC. Once the output has been enabled and
the DLC algorithm has found a new optimized PID setting, it will be loaded
in RAM and used by the control loop.
When saving changes to the user non-volatile memory, all changes made
to the content of RAM will be saved. This also includes the default PID
setting (loaded to RAM to act as a safe starting value) or the PID setting
changed by the DLC algorithm after enabling output. The result is that as
long as DLC is enabled the PID setting in the user non-volatile memory is
ignored, but it might accidentally get overwritten.
When changing DLC from disabled to enabled:
A non-configurable default PID setting is loaded to RAM to act as a safe
starting value for the DLC (same as above).
When changing DLC from enabled to disabled:
When changing DLC from enabled to disabled, the PID setting in the user
non-volatile memory will be loaded to RAM. Any new optimized PID setting
in RAM will be lost, if not first stored to the user non-volatile memory.
When DLC is disabled:
When DLC is disabled and input power has been applied, the PID setting in
the user non-volatile memory will be loaded to RAM and used in the control
loop.
The original PID setting in the user non-volatile memory is quite slow and
not recommended for optimal performance. If DLC is disabled it is
recommended to either:
1. Use the DLC to find optimized PID setting.
2. Use Ericsson Power Designer to find appropriate PID setting.
3. Use Universal PID as defined below.
The Universal PID setting (taps) is:
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 21 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
A = 3289.56,
B = -6248.12,
C = 2964.06
Write 0x7CB941FDC3417CCD99 to PID_TAPS register and write
command STORE_USER_ALL
Note that if DLC is enabled, for best results VI must be stable before
DLC algorithm begins.
Load Transient Response Optimization
The product incorporates a Non-Linear transient Response, NLR, loop
that decreases the response time and the output voltage deviation
during a load transient. The NLR results in a higher equivalent loop
bandwidth than is possible using a traditional linear control loop. The
product is pre-configured with appropriate NLR settings for robust and
stable operation for a wide range of input voltage and a capacitive
load range as defined in the section External Decoupling Capacitors.
For an application with a specific input voltage, output voltage, and
capacitive load, the NLR configuration can be optimized for a robust
and stable operation and with an improved load transient response.
This will also reduce the amount of output decoupling capacitors and
yield a reduced cost. However, the NLR slightly reduces the efficiency. In order to obtain maximal energy efficiency the load transient
requirement has to be met by the standard control loop compensation
and the decoupling capacitors. The NLR settings can be reconfigured
using the PMBus interface.
Remote Sense
The product has remote sense that can be used to compensate for
voltage drops between the output and the point of load. The sense
traces should be located close to the PWB ground layer to reduce
noise susceptibility. Due to derating of internal output capacitance
the voltage drop should be kept below VDROPMAX = (5.5–VO)/2. A large
voltage drop will impact the electrical performance of the regulator. If
the remote sense is not needed, +S should be connected to VOUT and
−S should be connected to GND.
Output Voltage Adjust using Pin-strap Resistor
Using an external Pin-strap resistor, RSET, the output voltage can
be set in the range 0.6 V to 3.3
VSET
V at 28 different levels shown
R SET
in the table below. The resistor
PREF
should be applied between the
VSET pin and the PREF pin.
RSET also sets the maximum output voltage, see section “Output
Voltage Range Limitation.” The resistor is sensed only during product
start-up. Changing the resistor value during normal operation will
not change the output voltage. The input voltage must be at least 1
V larger than the output voltage in order to deliver the correct output
voltage. See Ordering Information for output voltage range.
VO [V]
0.60
0.65
0.70
0.75
0.80
0.85
0.90
0.95
1.00
1.05
1.10
1.15
1.20
RSET[kΩ]
10
11
12.1
13.3
14.7
16.2
17.8
19.6
21.5
23.7
26.1
28.7
31.6
1.25
1.30
1.40
34.8
38.3
42.2
VO [V]
1.50
1.60
1.70
1.80
1.90
2.00
2.10
2.20
2.30
2.50
3.00
3.30
RSET[kΩ]
46.4
51.1
56.2
61.9
68.1
75
82.5
90.9
100
110
121
133
The output voltage and the maximum output voltage can be pin
strapped to three fixed values by connecting the VSET pin according
to the table below.
VO [V]
0.60
1.2
2.5
VSET
Shorted to PREF
Open “high impedance”
Logic High, GND as reference
Output Voltage Adjust using PMBus
The output voltage set by pin-strap can be overridden by configuration
file or by using a PMBus command. See Electrical Specification for
adjustment range.
When setting the output voltage by configuration file or by a PMBus
command, the specified output voltage accuracy is valid only when
the set output voltage level falls within the same bin range as the
voltage level defined by the pin-strap resistor RSET. The applicable bin
ranges are defined in the table below. Valid accuracy for voltage levels
outside the applicable bin range is two times the specified.
Example:
Nominal VO is set to 1.10 V by RSET = 26.1 kΩ. 1.10 V falls within the
bin range 0.988-1.383 V, thus specified accuracy is valid when adjusting VO within 0.988-1.383V.
VO bin ranges [V]
0.600 – 0.988
0.988 – 1.383
1.383 – 1.975
1.975 – 2.398
2.398 – 2.963
2.963 – 3.753
Output Voltage Range Limitation
The output voltage range that is possible to set by configuration or
by the PMBus interface is limited by the pin-strap resistor RSET. The
maximum output voltage is set to 110% of the nominal output value
defined by RSET, VO,MAX = 1.1 x VO,RSET. This protects the load from an
over voltage due to an accidental wrong PMBus command.
The following table shows recommended resistor values for RSET.
Maximum 1% tolerance resistors are required.
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50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Output Voltage Adjust Limitation using PMBus
In addition to the maximum output voltage limitation by the pin-strap
resistor RSET, there is also a limitation in how much the output voltage can be increased while the output is enabled. If output is disabled
then RSET resistor is the only limitation.
falls below 85% of the nominal voltage. These limits may be changed
via the PMBus interface. A PG delay period is defined as the time from
when all conditions within the product for asserting PG are met to
when the PG signal is actually asserted. The default PG delay is set to
10 ms. This value can be reconfigured using the PMBus interface.
Example:
If the output is enabled with output voltage set to 1.0 V, then it is only
possible to adjust/change the output voltage up to 1.7- V as long as
the output is enabled.
For products with DLC the PG signal is by default asserted directly
after the DLC operation have been completed. If DLC is disabled the
configured PG delay will be used. This can be reconfigured using the
PMBus interface.
VO setting
when enabled [V]
0.000 – 0.988
0.988 – 1.383
1.383 – 1.975
1.975 – 2.398
2.398 – 2.963
2.963 – 3.753
VO set range
while enabled [V]
~0.2 to >1.2
~0.2 to >1.7
~0.2 to >2.5
~0.2 to >2.97
~0.2 to >3.68
~0.2 to >4.65
Over Voltage Protection (OVP)
The product includes over voltage limiting circuitry for protection
of the load. The default OVP limit is 15% above the nominal output
voltage. If the output voltage exceeds the OVP limit, the product can
respond in different ways:
1. Initiate an immediate shutdown until the fault has been cleared.
The user can select a specific number of retry attempts.
2. Turn off the high-side MOSFET and turn on the low-side MOSFET.
The low-side MOSFET remains ON until the device attempts a
restart, i.e. the output voltage is pulled to ground level (crowbar
function).
The default response from an overvoltage fault is to immediately
shut down as in 2. The device will continuously check for the presence of the fault condition, and when the fault condition no longer
exists the device will be re-enabled. For continuous OVP when
operating from an external clock for synchronization, the only allowed
response is an immediate shutdown. The OVP limit and fault response
can be reconfigured using the PMBus interface.
Under Voltage Protection (UVP)
The product includes output under voltage limiting circuitry for
protection of the load. The default UVP limit is 15% below the nominal
output voltage. The UVP limit can be reconfigured using the PMBus
interface.
Power Good
The product provides a Power Good (PG) flag in the Status Word register that indicates the output voltage is within a specified tolerance
of its target level and no fault condition exists. If specified in section
Connections, the product also provides a PG signal output. The PG pin
is active high and by default open-drain but may also be configured
as push-pull via the PMBus interface.
By default, the PG signal will be asserted when the output reaches
above 90% of the nominal voltage, and de-asserted when the output
Switching Frequency
The fundamental switching frequency is 320 kHz, which yields
optimal power efficiency. The switching frequency can be set to any
value between 200 kHz and 640 kHz using the PMBus interface. The
switching frequency will change the efficiency/power dissipation,
load transient response and output ripple. For optimal control loop
performance in a product without DLC, the control loop must be reoptimized when changing the switching frequency.
Synchronization
Synchronization is a feature that allows multiple products to be synchronized to a common frequency. Synchronized products powered
from the same bus eliminate beat frequencies reflected back to the
input supply, and also reduces EMI filtering requirements. Eliminating
the slow beat frequencies (usually <10 kHz) allows the EMI filter to be
designed to attenuate only the synchronization frequency. Synchronization can also be utilized for phase spreading, described in section
Phase Spreading.
The products can be synchronized with an external oscillator or one
product can be configured with the SYNC pin as a SYNC Output working as a master driving the synchronization. All others on the same
synchronization bus must be configured with SYNC Input. Default
configuration is using the internal clock, independently of signal at the
SYNC pin.
Phase Spreading
When multiple products share a common DC input supply, spreading
of the switching clock phase between the products can be utilized.
This dramatically reduces input capacitance requirements and efficiency losses, since the peak current drawn from the input supply is
effectively spread out over the whole switch period. This requires that
the products are synchronized. Up to 16 different phases can be used.
The phase spreading of the product can be configured using the
PMBus interface.
Parallel Operation (Current Sharing)
Paralleling multiple products can be used to increase the output current capability of a single power rail. By connecting the GCB pins of
each device and configuring the devices as a current sharing rail, the
units will share the current equally, enabling up to 100% utilization of
the current capability for each device in the current sharing rail. The
product uses a low-bandwidth, first-order digital current sharing by
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50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
aligning the output voltage of the slave devices to deliver the same
current as the master device. Artificial droop resistance is added to
the output voltage path to control the slope of the load line curve,
calibrating out the physical parasitic mismatches due to power train
components and PWB layout. Up to 7 devices can be configured in a
given current sharing group.
shutdown of the device. The device will continuously check for the
presence of the fault condition, and if the fault condition no longer
exists the device will be re-enabled. The load distribution should be
designed for the maximum output short circuit current specified. The
OCP limit and response of the product can be reconfigured using the
PMBus interface.
In order to avoid interference with other algorithms executing
during parallel operation, the dead-time algorithm should be turned
off and fixed dead-times be used.
Initialization Procedure
The product follows a specific internal initialization procedure after
power is applied to the VIN pin:
Phase Adding and Shedding for Parallel Operation
During periods of light loading, it may be beneficial to disable one or
more phases (modules) in order to eliminate the current drain and
switching losses associated with those phases, resulting in higher
efficiency. The product offers the ability to add and drop phases
(modules) using a PMBus command in response to an observed
load current change. All phases (modules) in a current share rail are
considered active prior to the current sharing rail ramp to power-good.
Phases can be dropped after power-good is reached. Any member
of the current sharing rail can be dropped. If the reference module is
dropped, the remaining active module with the lowest member position will become the new reference. Additionally, any change to the
number of members of a current sharing rail will precipitate autonomous phase distribution within the rail where all active phases realign
their phase position based on their order within the number of active
members. If the members of a current sharing rail are forced to shut
down due to an observed fault, all members of the rail will attempt to
re-start simultaneously after the fault has cleared.
1. Status of the address and output voltage pin-strap pins are checked
and values associated with the pin settings are loaded to RAM.
Efficiency Optimized Dead Time Control
The product utilizes a closed loop algorithm to optimize the deadtime applied between the gate drive signals for the switch and synch
FETs. The algorithm constantly adjusts the deadtime non-overlap to
minimize the duty cycle, thus maximizing efficiency. This algorithm
will null out deadtime differences due to component variation, temperature and loading effects. The algorithm can be configured via the
PMBus interface.
Over Current Protection (OCP)
The product includes current limiting circuitry for protection at continuous overload. The following OCP response options are available:
1. Initiate a shutdown and attempt to restart an infinite number of
times with a preset delay period between attempts.
2. Values stored in the Murata default non-volatile memory are
loaded to RAM. This overwrites any previously loaded values.
3. Values stored in the user non-volatile memory are loaded to RAM.
This overwrites any previously loaded values.
Once the initialization process is completed, the product is ready
to be enabled using the CTRL pin. The product is also ready to accept
commands via the PMBus interface, which will overwrite any values
loaded during the initialization procedure.
Soft-start Power Up
The soft-start control introduces a time-delay before allowing the
output voltage to rise. Once the initialization time has passed the
device will wait for the configured delay period prior to starting to
ramp its output. After the delay period has expired, the output will
begin to ramp towards its target voltage according to the configured
soft-start ramp time.
The default settings for the soft-start delay period and the softstart ramp time is 10 ms. Hence, power-up is completed within 20
ms in default configuration using remote control. When the soft-start
delay time is set to 0 ms, the module will begin its ramp-up after the
internal circuitry has initialized (approximately 2 ms). It is generally
recommended to set the soft-start ramp-up time to a value greater
than 500 μs to prevent inadvertent fault conditions due to excessive
inrush current. The acctual minimum ramp-up time will however
normally be limited by the control loop settings and ramp-up times of
internal interface voltages in the controller circuit to approximately 2
ms. The soft-start power up of the product can be reconfigured using
the PMBus interface.
2. Initiate a shutdown and attempt to restart a preset number of
times with a preset delay period between attempts.
VIN
3. Continue operating for a given delay period, followed by shutdown
if the fault still exists.
CTRL
4. Continue operating through the fault (this could result in permanent damage to the power supply).
VOUT
5. Initiate an immediate shutdown.
The default response from an over current fault is an immediate
Initialization
time
Delay
time
Ramp
time
Illustration of Power Up Procedure
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50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
VOUT
VOUT
V1
MASTER
V2
SLAVE
t
t
Illustration of Ratiometric Voltage Tracking
Illustration of Output Voltage Sequencing.
Output Voltage Sequencing
A group of products may be configured to power up in a predetermined sequence. This feature is especially useful when powering
advanced processors, FPGAs, and ASICs that require one supply to
reach its operating voltage prior to another. Multi-product sequencing can be achieved by configuring the start delay and rise time of
each device through the PMBus interface and by using the CTRL start
signal.
Voltage Tracking
The product integrates a lossless tracking scheme that allows its
output to track a voltage that is applied to the VTRK pin with no
external components required. During ramp-up, the output voltage
follows the VTRK voltage until the preset output voltage level is met.
The product offers two modes of tracking as follows:
1. Coincident. This mode configures the product to ramp its output
voltage at the same rate as the voltage applied to the VTRK pin.
VOUT
MASTER
SLAVE
t
Illustration of Coincident Voltage Tracking.
2. Ratiometric. This mode configures the product to ramp its output
voltage at a rate that is a percentage of the voltage applied to the
VTRK pin. The default setting is 50%, but a different tracking ratio
may be set by an external resistive voltage divider or through the
PMBus interface.
The master device in a tracking group is defined as the device
that has the highest target output voltage within the group. This
master device will control the ramp rate of all tracking devices and is
not configured for tracking mode. All of the CTRL pins in the tracking group must be connected and driven by a single logic source. It
should be noted that current sharing groups that are also configured
to track another voltage do not offer pre-bias protection; a minimum
load should therefore be enforced to avoid the output voltage from
being held up by an outside force.
Voltage Margining Up/Down
The product can adjust its output higher or lower than its nominal
voltage setting in order to determine whether the load device is capable of operating over its specified supply voltage range. This provides
a convenient method for dynamically testing the operation of the load
circuit over its supply margin or range. It can also be used to verify the
function of supply voltage supervisors. Margin limits of the nominal
output voltage ±5% are default, but the margin limits can be reconfigured using the PMBus interface.
Pre-Bias Startup Capability
Pre-bias startup often occurs in complex digital systems when current
from another power source is fed back through a dual-supply logic
component, such as FPGAs or ASICs. The product family incorporates
synchronous rectifiers, but will not sink current during startup, or turn
off, or whenever a fault shuts down the product in a pre-bias condition. Pre-bias protection is not offered for current sharing groups that
also have voltage tracking enabled.
Group Communication Bus
The Group Communication Bus, GCB, is used to communicate
between products. This dedicated bus provides the communication channel between devices for features such as sequencing, fault
spreading, and current sharing. The GCB solves the PMBus data rate
limitation. The GCB pin on all devices in an application should be connected together. A pull-up resistor is required on the common GCB in
order to guarantee the rise time as follows:
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 25 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Eq. 5.  = RGCB CGCB ≤ 1μs,
where RGCB is the pull up resistor value and CGCB is the bus loading.
The pull-up resistor should be tied to an external supply voltage in
range from 3.3 to 5 V, which should be present priorμ to or during
power-up.
Products with P2 as reference OTP:
When TP2 as defined in thermal consideration section exceeds 120°C
the product will shut down. For products with P2 as a reference for
OTP the configured default value in the controller circuit in position P2
is 120°C.
If exploring untested compensation or deadtime configurations, it is
recommended that 27 Ω series resistors are placed between the GCB
pin of each product and the common GCB connection. This will avoid
propagation of faults between products potentially caused by hazardous configuration settings. When the configurations of the products
are settled the series resistors can be removed.
The OTP threshold, hysteresis, and fault response of the product
can be reconfigured using the PMBus interface. The fault response
can be configured as follows:
The GCB is an internal bus, such that it is only connected across
the modules and not the PMBus system host. GCB addresses are
assigned on a rail level, i.e. modules within the same current sharing
group share the same GCB address. Addressing rails across the GCB
is done with a 5 bit GCB ID, yielding a theoretical total of 32 rails that
can be shared with a single GCB bus.
2. Initiate a shutdown and attempt to restart a preset number of
times with a preset delay period between attempts.
Fault spreading
The product can be configured to broadcast a fault event over the
GCB bus to the other devices in the group. When a non-destructive
fault occurs and the device is configured to shut down on a fault, the
device will shut down and broadcast the fault event over the GCB bus.
The other devices on the GCB bus will shut down together if configured to do so, and will attempt to re-start in their prescribed order if
configured to do so.
5. Initiate an immediate shutdown.
Over Temperature Protection (OTP)
The products are protected from thermal overload by an internal over
temperature shutdown function in the controller circuit N1, located at
position P2 (see section Thermal Consideration). Some of the products
that this specification covers use the temperature at position P2 (TP2)
as a reference for specified OTP threshold and some use position
P1 (TP1) as a reference for specified OTP threshold. See the Over
Temperature Protection section in the electrical specification for each
product.
Products with P1 as reference for OTP:
When TP1 as defined in thermal consideration section exceeds
approximately 120 °C the product will shut down. The specified OTP
threshold and hysteresis are valid for worst case operation regarding
cooling conditions, input voltage and output voltage. The actually configured default value in the controller circuit in position P2 is 110 °C,
but at worst case operation the temperature is approximately 10 °C
higher at position P1. At light load the temperature is approximately
the same in position P1 and P2. This means the OTP threshold and
hysteresis will be lower at light load conditions when P1 is used as a
reference for OTP.
1. Initiate a shutdown and attempt to restart an infinite number
of times with a preset delay period between attempts (default
configuration).
3. Continue operating for a given delay period, followed by shutdown
if the fault still exists.
4. Continue operating through the fault (this could result in permanent damage to the power supply).
Optimization examples
This product is designed with a digital control circuit. The control
circuit uses a configuration file which determines the functionality and
performance of the product. It is possible to change the configuration file to optimize certain performance characteristics. In the table
below is a schematic view on how to change different configuration
parameters in order to achieve an optimization towards a wanted
performance.



Config.
parameters
Optimized performance
Maximize
efficiency
Increase
No change
Decrease
Control
Diode
Switching
NLR
Min.
loop
emulation pulse
frequency
threshold
bandwidth
(DCM)



Enable
Disable
Enable or
disable
Minimize
ripple ampl.



Enable
or
disable
Improve load transient
response
Minimize
idle power loss



Disable
Disable



Enable
Enable
Note 1: The following table, graphs, and waveforms are only examples and valid for
OKDX-T/50-W12-001-C.
Note 2: In the following table and graphs, the worst-case scenario (load step 37.5-12.5
A) has been considered for load transient.
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 26 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Default configuration: Continues
Conduction Mode,
CCM
Pli
DCM, DiscontinInput idling power ues Conduction
(no load)
Mode
(diode emulation)
DCM with
Minimum Pulse
Enabled
PCTRL
Input standby
power
Load transient
peak voltage
deviation
Vtr1
Load step
25-75-25% of
max IO
Load transient
recovery time
ttr1
Load step
25-75-25% of
max IO
Turned off with
CTRL-pin
Default configuration
di/dt = 2 A/μs
CO = 470 μF
DLC and
Optimized NLR
configuration
di/dt = 2 A/μs
CO = 470 μF
Default configuration
di/dt = 2 A/μs
CO=470 μF
DLC and
Optimized NLR
configuration
di/dt = 2 A/μs
CO = 470 μF
VO = 0.6 V
0.95
VO = 1.0 V
0.95
VO = 1.8 V
1.22
VO = 3.3 V
1.88
VO = 0.6 V
0.21
VO = 1.0 V
0.21
VO = 1.8 V
0.21
VO = 3.3 V
0.21
VO = 0.6 V
0.43
VO = 1.0 V
0.46
VO = 1.8 V
0.54
VO = 3.3 V
Default configuration:
Monitoring
enabled
Pulse monitor
mode:
Monitoring
disabled
0.67
Efficiency vs. Output Current and Switching frequency
W
[%]
95
90
W
W
200
kHz
85
320
kHz
80
480
kHz
75
640
kHz
70
0
170
mW
109
mW
Low power mode:
Monitoring
disabled
85
mW
VO = 0.6 V
300
VO = 1.0 V
300
VO = 1.8 V
305
VO = 3.3 V
315
0
1
0
2
0
3
50 [A]
40
Efficiency vs. load current and switching frequency at
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, VO = 1.0 V, CO = 470 μF/10 mΩ
Default configuration except changed frequency
Load transient vs. Switching frequency
[mV]
600
Universal PID,
No NLR
500
VO = 0.6 V
100
VO = 1.0 V
100
VO = 1.8 V
100
VO = 3.3 V
100
VO = 0.6 V
100
VO = 1.0 V
100
VO = 1.8 V
100
VO = 3.3 V
100
VO = 0.6 V
50
VO = 1.0 V
50
VO = 1.8 V
50
VO = 3.3 V
50
DLC,
No NLR
400
mV
Universal PID,
Default NLR
300
DLC,
Default NLR
200
Universal PID,
Opt. NLR
100
DLC,
Opt. NLR
mV
0
200
300
400
500
600 [kHz]
Load transient peak voltage deviation vs. frequency.
Step-change (12.5-37.5-12.5 A).
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, VO =1.0 V, CO = 470 μF/10 mΩ
μs
Power Dissipation vs. Output Current and Switching frequency
[W]
12
10
200
kHz
8
6
320
kHz
4
480
kHz
2
640
kHz
0
0
10
0
2
0
3
0
4
50 [A]
Dissipated power vs. load current and switching frequency at
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, VO = 1.0 V, CO = 470 μF/10 mΩ
Default configuration except changed frequency
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 27 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Output Load Transient Response, Default Configuration
Output Ripple vs. Switching frequency
[mVpk-pk]
60
50
0.6 V
40
1.0 V
30
1.8 V
3.3 V
20
10
0
200
300
400
500
600
[kHz]
Output voltage ripple Vpk-pk at: TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, CO = 470 μF/10 mΩ,
IO = 50 A resistive load. Default configuration except changed frequency.
Output voltage response to load current step-change
(12.5-37.5-12.5 A) at:
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, VO = 1.0 V
di/dt=2 A/μs, fsw = 320 kHz, CO = 470 μF/10 mΩ
Default configuration (DLC and default NLR)
Load Transient vs. Decoupling Capacitance, VO = 1.0 V
Output Load Transient Response, DLC and No NLR
[mV]
500
Top trace: output voltage (200 mV/div.).
Bottom trace: load current (10 A/div.).
Time scale: (0.1 ms/div.).
Universal PID,
No NLR
400
DLC,
No NLR
300
Universal PID,
Default NLR
200
DLC,
Default NLR
100
Universal PID,
Opt. NLR
DLC,
Opt. NLR
0
0
1
2
3
4
5 [mF]
Output voltage response to load current step-change
(12.5-37.5-12.5 A) at:
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, VO = 1.0 V
di/dt=2 A/μs, fsw = 320 kHz, CO = 470 μF/10 mΩ
DLC and no NLR
Load transient peak voltage deviation vs. decoupling capacitance.
Step (12.5-37.5-12.5 A). Parallel coupling of capacitors with 470 μF/10 mΩ,
TP1 = +25 °C. VI = 12 V, VO = 1.0 V, fsw = 320 kHz, di/dt = 2 A/μs
Load Transient vs. Decoupling Capacitance, VO = 3.3 V
[mV]
500
Top trace: output voltage (200 mV/div.).
Bottom trace: load current (10 A/div.).
Time scale: (0.1 ms/div.).
Output Load Transient Response, DLC and Optimized NLR
Universal PID,
No NLR
400
DLC,
No NLR
300
Universal PID,
Default NLR
200
DLC,
Default NLR
100
Universal PID,
Opt. NLR
DLC,
Opt. NLR
0
0
1
2
3
4
5 [mF]
Load transient peak voltage deviation vs. decoupling capacitance.
Step (12.5-37.5-12.5 A). Parallel coupling of capacitors with 470 μF/10 mΩ,
TP1 = +25 °C. VI = 12 V, VO = 3.3 V, fsw = 320 kHz, di/dt = 2 A/μs
Output voltage response to load current step-change
(12.5-37.5-12.5 A) at:
TP1 = +25 °C, VI = 12 V, VO = 1.0 V
di/dt=2 A/μs, fsw = 320 kHz, CO = 470 μF/10 mΩ
DLC and optimized NLR
Top trace: output voltage (200 mV/div.).
Bottom trace: load current (10 A/div.).
Time scale: (0.1 ms/div.).
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 28 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Thermal Consideration
AIR FLOW
General
The product is designed to operate in different thermal environments
and sufficient cooling must be provided to ensure reliable operation.
P1
Cooling is achieved mainly by conduction, from the pins to the host
board, and convection, which is dependent on the airflow across the
product. Increased airflow enhances the cooling of the product.
The Output Current Derating graph found in the Output section
for each model provides the available output current vs. ambient air
temperature and air velocity at specified VI.
The product is tested on a 254 x 254 mm, 35 μm (1 oz), test board
mounted vertically in a wind tunnel with a cross-section of 608 x 203
mm. The test board has 8 layers.
Proper cooling of the product can be verified by measuring the temperature at positions P1 and P2. The temperature at these positions
should not exceed the max values provided in the table below.
P2
SIP Version:Temperature positions and air flow direction.
Definition of reference temperature TP1
The reference temperature is used to monitor the temperature limits
of the product. Temperature above maximum TP1, measured at the
reference point P1 is not allowed and may cause degradation or
permanent damage to the product. TP1 is also used to define the
temperature range for normal operating conditions. TP1 is defined by
the design and used to guarantee safety margins, proper operation
and high reliability of the product.
Note that the max value is the absolute maximum rating (non
destruction) and that the electrical Output data is guaranteed up to
TP1 +95°C.
Definition of product operating temperature
The product operating temperatures are used to monitor the temperature of the product, and proper thermal conditions can be verified by
measuring the temperature at positions P1 and P2. The temperature
at these positions (TP1, TP2) should not exceed the maximum temperatures in the table below. The number of measurement points may
vary with different thermal design and topology. Temperatures above
maximum TP1, measured at the reference point P1 are not allowed
and may cause permanent damage. It should also be noted that
depending on setting of the over temperature protection (OTP) and
operating conditions, the product may shut down before the maximum
allowed temperature at TP1 is reached.
Position
Description
Max Temp.
P1
Reference point, L1, inductor 125°C*
P2
N1, control circuit
125°C*
* A guard band of 5 °C is applied to the maximum recorded component temperatures
when calculating output current derating curves.
AIR FLOW
Top view
P1
Bottom view
P2
Pin layout, top view (component placement for illustration only).
Pin
1A, 1B
2A, 2B
3A, 3B
4A
4B
5A
5B
6A
6B
7A
7B
8A
8B
9A
9B
10A
10B
Designation
VIN
GND
VOUT
VTRK
PREF
+S
−S
SA0
GCB
SCL
SDA
VSET
SYNC
SALERT
CTRL
PG
SA1
Function
Input Voltage
Power Ground
Output Voltage
Voltage Tracking input
Pin-strap reference
Positive sense
Negative sense
PMBus address pinstrap 0
Group Communication Bus
PMBus Clock
PMBus Data
Output voltage pinstrap
Synchronization I/O
PMBus Alert
Remote Control
Power Good
PMBus address pinstrap 1
Temperature positions and air flow direction.
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 29 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Unused input pins
Unused SDA, SCL and GCB pins should still have pull-up resistors as
specified.
Unused VTRK or SYNC pins should be left open or connected to the
PREF pin.
SIP Version: Pin layout, top view (component placement for illustration only).
Pin
1A, 1B
2A, 2B
3A, 3B
4A
4B
5A
5B
6A
6B
7A
7B
8A
8B
9A
9B
10A
10B
Designation
VIN
GND
VOUT
+S
−S
VSET
VTRK
SALERT
SDA
SCL
SA1
SA0
SYNC
PG
CTRL
GCB
PREF
Function
Input Voltage
Power Ground
Output Voltage
Positive sense
Negative sense
Output voltage pinstrap
Voltage Tracking input
PMBus Alert
PMBus Data
PMBus Clock
PMBus address pinstrap 1
PMBus address pinstrap 0
Synchronization I/O
Power Good
Remote Control
Group Communication Bus
Pin-strap reference
Unused CTRL pin can be left open due to internal pull-up.
VSET and SA0/SA1 pins must be used. These pins must have pinstrap resistors or strapping settings as specified.
PWB layout considerations
The pin-strap resistors, RSET, and RSA0/RSA1 should be placed as
close to the product as possible to minimize loops that may pick up
noise.
Avoid current carrying planes under the pin-strap resistors and the
PMBus signals.
The capacitor CI (or capacitors implementing it) should be placed
as close to the input pins as possible.
Capacitor CO (or capacitors implementing it) should be placed close
to the load.
Care should be taken in the routing of the connections from the
sensed output voltage to the S+ and S– terminals. These sensing
connections should be routed as a differential pair, preferably between
ground planes which are not carrying high currents. The routing
should avoid areas of high electric or magnetic fields.
Typical Application Circuit
Standalone operation with PMBus communication. Top view of product footprint.
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 30 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Typical Application Circuit (SIP version)
Standalone operation with PMBus communication. Top view of product footprint.
Typical Application Circuit (Parallel Operation)
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 31 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
PMBus interface
This product provides a PMBus digital interface that enables the user
to configure many aspects of the device operation as well as to monitor the input and output voltages, output current and device temperature. The product can be used with any standard two-wire I2C or
SMBus host device. In addition, the product is compatible with PMBus
version 1.1 and includes an SALERT line to help mitigate bandwidth
limitations related to continuous fault monitoring. The product supports 100 kHz bus clock frequency only. The PMBus signals, SCL, SDA
and SALERT require passive pull-up resistors as stated in the SMBus
Specification. Pull-up resistors are required to guarantee the rise time
as follows:
Eq. 6.  = Rp Cp ≤ 1μs,
where Rp is the pull-up resistor value and Cp is the bus loading, the
maximum allowed bus load is 400 pF. The pull-up resistor should be
tied to an external supply voltage in range from 2.7 to 5.5 V, which
should be present prior to or during power-up. If the proper power
supply is not available, voltage dividers may be applied. Note that in
this case, the resistance in the equation above corresponds to parallel
connection of the resistors forming the voltage divider.
Monitoring via PMBus
It is possible to monitor a wide variety of parameters through the
PMBus interface. Fault conditions can be monitored using the SALERT
pin, which will be asserted when any number of pre-configured fault
or warning conditions occurs. It is also possible to continuously monitor one or more of the power conversion parameters including but not
limited to the following:

Input voltage (READ_VIN)
The Snapshot feature enables the user to read the parameters via
the PMBus interface during normal operation, although it should be
noted that reading the 22 bytes will occupy the bus for some time.
The Snapshot enables the user to store the snapshot parameters to
Flash memory in response to a pending fault as well as to read the
stored data from Flash memory after a fault has occurred. Automatic
store to Flash memory following a fault is triggered when any fault
threshold level is exceeded, provided that the specific fault response
is to shut down. Writing to Flash memory is not allowed if the device
is configured to restart following the specific fault condition. It should
also be noted that the device supply voltage must be maintained
during the time the device is writing data to Flash memory; a process
that requires between 700-1400 μs depending on whether the data
is set up for a block write. Undesirable results may be observed if the
input voltage of the product drops below 3.0 V during this process.
Non-Volatile Memory (NVM)
The product incorporates two Non-Volatile Memory areas for storage of
the supported PMBus commands; the Default NVM and the User NVM.
The Default NVM is pre-loaded with Murata factory default
values. The Default NVM is write-protected and can be used to
restore the Murata factory default values through the command
RESTORE_DEFAULT_ALL.
The User NVM is pre-loaded with Murata factory default values. The
User NVM is writable and open for customization. The values in NVM
are loaded into operational RAM during initialization according to section “Initialization Procedure”, where after commands can be changed
through the PMBus Interface. The STORE_USER_ALL command will
store the changed parameters to the User NVM.

Output voltage (READ_VOUT)

Output current (READ_IOUT)

Internal junction temperature (READ_TEMPERATURE_1)
INITIALIZATION
User NVM
Factory default
Customizable

Switching frequency (READ_FREQUENCY)
STORE_USER_ALL
RESTORE USER ALL

Duty cycle (READ_DUTY_CYCLE)
In the default configuration monitoring is enabled also when the
output voltage is disabled. This can be changed in order to reduce
standby power consumption.
Snap shot parameter capture
This product offers a special feature that enables the user to capture
parametric data during normal operation or following a fault. The following parameters are stored:

Input voltage

Output voltage

Output current

Internal junction temperature

Switching frequency

Duty cycle

Status registers
Default NVM
Factory default
Write-protected
INITIALIZATION
RAM
RESTORE_DEFAULT_ALL
WRITE
PMBus interface
READ
Software tools for design and production
Murata provides software tools for configuration and monitoring of
this product via the PMBus interface. For more information please
contact your local Murata sales representative.
PMBus addressing
The PMBus address should be configured with resistors connected
between the SA0/SA1 pins and the PREF pin, as shown in the
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 32 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
figure below. Recommended resistor values for hard-wiring PMBus
addresses are shown in the table. 1% tolerance resistors are required.
Addresses listed in the table below are reserved or assigned
according to the SMBus specification and may not be usable. Refer to
the SMBus specification for further information.
SA0
SA1
R SA1
R SA0
PREF
Schematic of connection of address resistor.
Index
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Reserved Addresses
Address 4Bh is allocated for production needs and cannot be used.
RSA [kΩ]
10
11
12.1
13.3
14.7
16.2
17.8
19.6
21.5
23.7
26.1
28.7
31.6
Index
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
RSA [kΩ]
34.8
38.3
42.2
46.4
51.1
56.2
61.9
68.1
75
82.5
90.9
100
Address
(decimal)
0
1
2
3-7
8
9-11
12
40
44-45
55
64-68
72-75
97
120-123
124-127
Comment
General Call Address / START byte
CBUS address
Address reserved for different bus format
Reserved for future use
SMBus Host
Assigned for Smart Battery
SMBus Alert Response Address
Reserved for ACCESS.bus host
Reserved by previous versions of the SMBus specification
Reserved for ACCESS.bus default address
Reserved by previous versions of the SMBus specification
Unrestricted addresses
SMBus Device Default Address
10-bit slave addressing
Reserved for future use
I2C/SMBus – Timing
The PMBus address follows the equation below:
Eq. 7. PMBus Address (decimal) = 25 x (SA1 index) + (SA0 index)
The user can theoretically configure up to 625 unique PMBus
addresses, however the PMBus address range is inherently limited to
128. Therefore, the user should use index values 0 - 4 on the SA1 pin
and the full range of index values on the SA0 pin, which will provide
125 device address combinations. The user shall also be aware
of further limitations of the address space as stated in the SMBus
Specification.
Note that address 0x4B is allocated for production needs and
cannot be used.
Optional PMBus Addressing
Alternatively the PMBus address can be defined by connecting the
SA0/SA1 pins according to the table below. SA1 = open for products
with no SA1 pin.
SA1
low
open
high
low
20h
23h
26h
Low = Shorted to PREF
Open = High impedance
High = Logic high, GND as reference,
Logic High definitions see Electrical Specification
SA0
open
21h
24h
27h
high
22h
25h
Reserved
Setup and hold times timing diagram
The setup time, tset, is the time data, SDA, must be stable before the
rising edge of the clock signal, SCL. The hold time thold, is the time
data, SDA, must be stable after the rising edge of the clock signal,
SCL. If these times are violated incorrect data may be captured or
meta-stability may occur and the bus communication may fail. When
configuring the product, all standard SMBus protocols must be followed, including clock stretching. Refer to the SMBus specification, for
SMBus electrical and timing requirements.
This product does not support the BUSY flag in the status commands
to indicate product being too busy for SMBus response. Instead a busfree time delay according to this specification must occur between
every SMBus transmission (between every stop & start condition). In
case of storing the RAM content into the internal non-volatile memory
(commands STORE_USER_ALL and STORE_DEFAULT_ALL) an additional delay of 100 ms has to be inserted. A 100 ms delay should be
inserted after a restore from internal non-volatile memory (commands
RESTORE_DEFAULT_ALL and RESTORE_USER_ALL).
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 33 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
PMBus Commands
The products are PMBus compliant. The following table lists the
implemented PMBus read commands. For more detailed information
see PMBus Power System Management Protocol Specification; Part I
– General Requirements, Transport and Electrical Interface and PMBus
Power System Management Protocol; Part II – Command Language.
Designation
Standard PMBus Commands
Control Commands
PAGE
OPERATION
ON_OFF_CONFIG
WRITE_PROTECT
Output Commands
VOUT_MODE (Read Only)
VOUT_COMMAND
VOUT_TRIM
VOUT_CAL_OFFSET
VOUT_MAX
VOUT_MARGIN_HIGH
VOUT_MARGIN_LOW
VOUT_TRANSITION_RATE
VOUT_DROOP
MAX_DUTY
FREQUENCY_SWITCH
VIN_ON
VIN_OFF
IOUT_CAL_GAIN
IOUT_CAL_OFFSET
VOUT_SCALE_LOOP
VOUT_SCALE_MONITOR
COEFFICIENTS
Fault Limit Commands
POWER_GOOD_ON
POWER_GOOD_OFF
VOUT_OV_FAULT_LIMIT
VOUT_OV_WARN_LIMIT
VOUT_UV_WARN_LIMIT
VOUT_UV_FAULT_LIMIT
IOUT_OC_FAULT_LIMIT
IOUT_OC_WARN_LIMIT
IOUT_UC_FAULT_LIMIT
OT_FAULT_LIMIT
OT_WARN_LIMIT
UT_WARN_LIMIT
UT_FAULT_LIMIT
VIN_OV_FAULT_LIMIT
VIN_OV_WARN_LIMIT
VIN_UV_WARN_LIMIT
VIN_UV_FAULT_LIMIT
Fault Response Commands
VOUT_OV_FAULT_RESPONSE
VOUT_UV_FAULT_RESPONSE
OT_FAULT_RESPONSE
UT_FAULT_RESPONSE
VIN_OV_FAULT_RESPONSE
VIN_UV_FAULT_RESPONSE
IOUT_OC_FAULT_RESPONSE
IOUT_UC_FAULT_RESPONSE
Time setting Commands
TON_DELAY
Cmd
Impl
00h
01h
02h
10h
No
Yes
Yes
No
20h
21h
22h
23h
24h
25h
26h
27h
28h
32h
33h
35h
36h
38h
39h
29h
2Ah
30h
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
5Eh
5Fh
40h
42h
43h
44h
46h
4Ah
4Bh
4Fh
51h
52h
53h
55h
57h
58h
59h
Yes
No
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
41h
45h
50h
54h
56h
5Ah
47h
4Ch
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
60h
Yes
Designation
TON_RISE
TOFF_DELAY
TOFF_FALL
TON_MAX_FAULT_LIMIT
Status Commands (Read Only)
CLEAR_FAULTS
STATUS_BYTE
STATUS_WORD
STATUS_VOUT
STATUS_IOUT
STATUS_INPUT
STATUS_TEMPERATURE
STATUS_CML
STATUS_MFR_SPECIFIC
Monitor Commands (Read Only
READ_VIN
READ_VOUT
READ_IOUT
READ_TEMPERATURE_1
READ_TEMPERATURE_2
READ_FAN_SPEED_1
READ_DUTY_CYCLE
READ_FREQUENCY
Group Commands
INTERLEAVE
PHASE_CONTROL
Identification Commands
PMBUS_REVISION
MFR_ID
MFR_MODEL
MFR_REVISION
MFR_LOCATION
MFR_DATE
MFR_SERIAL
Supervisory Commands
STORE_DEFAULT_ALL
RESTORE_DEFAULT_ALL
STORE_USER_ALL
RESTORE_USER_ALL
Product Specific Commands
Output Commands
XTEMP_SCALE
XTEMP_OFFSET
Time Setting Commands
POWER_GOOD_DELAY
Fault limit Commands
IOUT_AVG_OC_FAULT_LIMIT
IOUT_AVG_UC_FAULT_LIMIT
Fault Response Commands
MFR_IOUT_OC_FAULT_RESPONSE
MFR_IOUT_UC_FAULT_RESPONSE
OVUV_CONFIG
Configuration and Control Commands
MFR_CONFIG
USER_CONFIG
MISC_CONFIG
TRACK_CONFIG
PID_TAPS
PID_TAPS_CALC*
INDUCTOR
NLR_CONFIG
Cmd
61h
64h
65h
62h
Impl
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
03h
78h
79h
7Ah
7Bh
7Ch
7Dh
7Eh
80h
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
88h
8Bh
8Ch
8Dh
8Eh
90h
94h
95h
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
37h
F0h
Yes
Yes
98h
99h
9Ah
9Bh
9Ch
9Dh
9Eh
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
11h
12h
15h
16h
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
D9h
DAh
No
No
D4h
Yes
E7h
E8h
Yes
Yes
E5h
E6h
D8h
Yes
Yes
Yes
D0h
D1h
E9h
E1h
D5h
F2h
D6h
D7h
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 34 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Designation
TEMPCO_CONFIG
IOUT_OMEGA_OFFSET*
AUTO_COMP_CONTROL**
AUTO_COMP_CONFIG**
DEADTIME
DEADTIME_CONFIG
DEADTIME_MAX
SNAPSHOT
SNAPSHOT_CONTROL
DEVICE_ID
USER_DATA_00
Group Commands
SEQUENCE
GCB_CONFIG
GCB_GROUP
ISHARE_CONFIG
PHASE_CONTROL
Supervisory Commands
PRIVATE_PASSWORD
PUBLIC_PASSWORD
UNPROTECT
SECURITY_LEVEL
Cmd
DCh
BEh
BDh
BCh
DDh
DEh
BFh
EAh
F3h
E4h
B0h
Impl
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
E0h
D3h
E2h
D2h
F0h
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
FBh
FCh
FDh
FAh
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Notes:
Cmd is short for Command.
Impl is short for Implemented.
* These commands are available in products without DLC.
** These commands are available in products with DLC.
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 35 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
MECHANICAL SPECIFICATIONS-THROUGH-HOLE MOUNT
All component placements – whether shown as physical components or symbolical outline – are for reference only and are subject to change throughout the product’s life cycle,
unless explicitly described and dimensioned in this drawing.
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 36 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
MECHANICAL SPECIFICATIONS-SURFACE MOUNT
All component placements – whether shown as physical components or symbolical outline – are for reference only and are subject to change throughout the product’s life cycle,
unless explicitly described and dimensioned in this drawing.
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 37 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
MECHANICAL SPECIFICATIONS-SIP VERSION
All component placements – whether shown as physical components or symbolical outline – are for reference only and are subject to change throughout the product’s life cycle,
unless explicitly described and dimensioned in this drawing.
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 38 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Soldering Information - Surface Mounting and Hole Mount
through Pin in Paste Assembly
The product is intended for forced convection or vapor phase reflow
soldering in SnPb or Pb-free processes.
The reflow profile should be optimised to avoid excessive heating
of the product. It is recommended to have a sufficiently extended
preheat time to ensure an even temperature across the host PWB and
it is also recommended to minimize the time in reflow.
A no-clean flux is recommended to avoid entrapment of cleaning
fluids in cavities inside the product or between the product and the
host board, since cleaning residues may affect long time reliability
and isolation voltage.
General reflow process specifications
Average ramp-up (TPRODUCT)
Typical solder melting (liquidus)
temperature
Minimum reflow time above TL
Minimum pin temperature
Peak product temperature
TL
TPIN
TPRODUCT
Average ramp-down (TPRODUCT)
Maximum time 25°C to peak
SnPb eutectic
3°C/s max
3°C/s max
183°C
221°C
60 s
210°C
225°C
6°C/s max
6 minutes
60 s
235°C
260°C
6°C/s max
Pb-free
Lead-free (Pb-free) solder processes
For Pb-free solder processes, a pin temperature (TPIN) in excess of
the solder melting temperature (TL, 217 to 221°C for SnAgCu solder
alloys) for more than 60 seconds and a peak temperature of 245°C on
all solder joints is recommended to ensure a reliable solder joint.
Maximum Product Temperature Requirements
Top of the product PWB near pin 10B is chosen as reference location
for the maximum (peak) allowed product temperature (TPRODUCT) since
this will likely be the warmest part of the product during the reflow
process.
SnPb solder processes
For SnPb solder processes, the product is qualified for MSL 1 according to IPC/JEDEC standard J STD 020C.
During reflow TPRODUCT must not exceed 225 °C at any time.
Pb-free solder processes
For Pb-free solder processes, the product is qualified for MSL 3
according to IPC/JEDEC standard J-STD-020C.
8 minutes
During reflow TPRODUCT must not exceed 260 °C at any time.
Temperature
TPRODUCT maximum
TPIN minimum
Pin
profile
TL
Product
profile
Time in
reflow
Time in preheat
/ soak zone
Time 25°C to peak
Dry Pack Information
Products intended for Pb-free reflow soldering processes are
delivered in standard moisture barrier bags according to IPC/JEDEC
standard J STD 033 (Handling, packing, shipping and use of moisture/
reflow sensitivity surface mount devices).
Using products in high temperature Pb-free soldering processes
requires dry pack storage and handling. In case the products have
been stored in an uncontrolled environment and no longer can be
considered dry, the modules must be baked according to J STD 033.
Time
Thermocoupler Attachment
Minimum Pin Temperature Recommendations
Pin number 2B is chosen as reference location for the minimum pin
temperature recommendation since this will likely be the coolest
solder joint during the reflow process.
Pin 10B for measurement of maximum
Product temperature TPRODUCT
SnPb solder processes
For SnPb solder processes, a pin temperature (TPIN) in excess of the
solder melting temperature, (TL, 183°C for Sn63Pb37) for more than
60 seconds and a peak temperature of 220°C is recommended to
ensure a reliable solder joint.
For dry packed products only: depending on the type of solder
paste and flux system used on the host board, up to a recommended
maximum temperature of 245°C could be used, if the products are
kept in a controlled environment (dry pack handling and storage) prior
to assembly.
Pin 2B for measurement of minimum Pin (solder joint)
temperature TPIN
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 39 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Soldering Information - Hole Mounting
The hole mounted product is intended for plated through hole mounting by wave or manual soldering. The pin temperature is specified to
maximum to 270°C for maximum 10 seconds.
A maximum preheat rate of 4°C/s and maximum preheat temperature of 150°C is suggested. When soldering by hand, care should be
taken to avoid direct contact between the hot soldering iron tip and
the pins for more than a few seconds in order to prevent overheating.
A no-clean flux is recommended to avoid entrapment of cleaning
fluids in cavities inside the product or between the product and the
host board. The cleaning residues may affect long time reliability and
isolation voltage.
Delivery Package Information
The products are delivered in antistatic carrier tape (EIA 481
standard).
Carrier Tape Specifications
Material
Surface resistance
Bakeability
Tape width, W
Pocket pitch, P1
Pocket depth, K0
Reel diameter
Reel capacity
Reel weight
Antistatic PS
<107Ohm/square
The tape is not bakable
56 mm [2.20 inch]
32 mm [1.26 inch]
13 mm [0.51 inch]
381 mm [15 inch]
130 products /reel
1.8 kg/full reel
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MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 40 of 41
OKDx-T/50-W12-C
50A Digital PoL DC-DC Converter Series
Soldering Information - Hole Mounting (SIP version)
The product is intended for plated through hole mounting by wave or
manual soldering. The pin temperature is specified to maximum to
270°C for maximum 10 seconds.
A maximum preheat rate of 4°C/s and maximum preheat temperature of 150°C is suggested. When soldering by hand, care should be
taken to avoid direct contact between the hot soldering iron tip and
the pins for more than a few seconds in order to prevent overheating.
A no-clean flux is recommended to avoid entrapment of cleaning
fluids in cavities inside the product or between the product and the
host board. The cleaning residues may affect long time reliability and
isolation voltage.
Delivery Package Information (SIP version)
The products are delivered in antistatic trays.
Tray Specifications
Material
Surface resistance
Bakability
Tray thickness
Box capacity
Tray weight
Antistatic Polyethylene foam
105< Ohms/square <1011
The trays are not bakeable
15 mm [0.709 inch]
100 products, 2 full trays/box)
35 g empty tray, 549 g full tray
Murata Power Solutions, Inc.
11 Cabot Boulevard, Mansfield, MA 02048-1151 U.S.A.
ISO 9001 and 14001 REGISTERED
This product is subject to the following operating requirements
and the Life and Safety Critical Application Sales Policy:
Refer to: http://www.murata-ps.com/requirements/
Murata Power Solutions, Inc. makes no representation that the use of its products in the circuits described herein, or the use of other
technical information contained herein, will not infringe upon existing or future patent rights. The descriptions contained herein do not imply
the granting of licenses to make, use, or sell equipment constructed in accordance therewith. Specifications are subject to change without
notice.
© 2016 Murata Power Solutions, Inc.
www.murata-ps.com/support
MDC_OKDx-T/50-W12-C.A04 Page 41 of 41
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