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IBM REPORTS 2014 FOURTH-QUARTER AND FULL-YEAR RESULTS
Fourth-Quarter 2014:
o Diluted EPS from continuing operations:
- GAAP: $5.54, down 4 percent;
- Operating (non-GAAP): $5.81, down 6 percent;
o Pre-tax income from continuing operations:
- GAAP: $7.1 billion, flat year-to-year;
- Operating (non-GAAP): $7.4 billion, down 2 percent;
o Net income from continuing operations:
- GAAP: $5.5 billion, down 11 percent;
- Operating (non-GAAP): $5.8 billion, down 13 percent;
o Gross profit margin from continuing operations:
- GAAP: 53.3 percent, up 100 basis points;
- Operating (non-GAAP): 53.9 percent, up 60 basis points;
o Revenue from continuing operations: $24.1 billion:
- Down 12 percent; down 2 percent adjusting for divested businesses and
currency.
Full-Year 2014:
o Diluted EPS from continuing operations:
- GAAP: $15.59, up 2 percent;
- Operating (non-GAAP): $16.53, down 1 percent;
o Pre-tax income from continuing operations:
- GAAP: $20.0 billion, down 1 percent;
- Operating (non-GAAP): $21.1 billion, down 4 percent;
o Net income from continuing operations:
- GAAP: $15.8 billion, down 7 percent;
- Operating (non-GAAP): $16.7 billion, down 9 percent;
o Gross profit margin from continuing operations:
- GAAP: 50.0 percent, up 50 basis points;
- Operating (non-GAAP): 50.6 percent, up 10 basis points;
o Revenue from continuing operations: $92.8 billion:
- Down 6 percent; down 1 percent adjusting for divested businesses and
currency;
o Strategic imperatives grew 16 percent to $25 billion, and now represent 27
percent of total IBM revenue:
- Total Cloud revenue of $7 billion, up 60 percent;
-- Cloud delivered as a service revenues of $3 billion, up approximately
75 percent;
-- Year-end annual run rate of $3.5 billion for cloud delivered as a
service;
- Business analytics revenue up 7 percent to nearly $17 billion;
- Mobile revenue more than tripled;
- Security revenue up 19 percent.
ARMONK, N.Y., January 20, 2015 . . . IBM (NYSE: IBM) today announced fourthquarter 2014 diluted earnings from continuing operations of $5.54 per share, compared
with diluted earnings of $5.76 per share in the fourth-quarter of 2013, a decrease of
4 percent. Operating (non-GAAP) diluted earnings from continuing operations were
$5.81 per share compared with operating diluted earnings of $6.16 per share in the
fourth-quarter of 2013, a decrease of 6 percent.
Fourth-quarter net income from continuing operations was $5.5 billion compared
with $6.2 billion in the fourth-quarter of 2013, a decrease of 11 percent. Operating
(non-GAAP) net income from continuing operations was $5.8 billion, as compared with
$6.6 billion in the fourth-quarter of 2013, a decrease of 13 percent.
For the fourth-quarter of 2014, IBM reported consolidated net income of $5.5
billion or $5.51 of diluted earnings per share, including operating net losses in
discontinued operations related to the microelectronics manufacturing business.
Total revenues from continuing operations for the fourth-quarter of 2014 of
$24.1 billion were down 12 percent (down 2 percent, adjusting for the impact of the
divested customer care outsourcing and System x businesses and for currency) from the
fourth-quarter of 2013 and were down 1 percent for the full year 2014, adjusting for
the impact of the divested businesses and for currency.
“We are making significant progress in our transformation, continuing to shift
IBM’s business to higher value, and investing and positioning ourselves for the
longer term," said Ginni Rometty, IBM chairman, president and chief executive
officer.
"In 2014, we repositioned our hardware portfolio for higher value, maintained a
services backlog of $128 billion and achieved strong revenue growth across cloud,
analytics, mobile, social and security. Together these strategic imperatives grew
16 percent in 2014 and now represent $25 billion and 27 percent of our revenue.”
Fourth-Quarter GAAP – Operating (non-GAAP) Reconciliation
Fourth-quarter operating (non-GAAP) diluted earnings from continuing operations
exclude $0.27 per share of charges; $0.19 per share for the amortization of purchased
intangible assets and other acquisition-related charges; and $0.08 per share for
retirement-related charges driven by changes to plan assets and liabilities primarily
related to market performance.
Full-Year 2015 Expectations
The company will provide 2015 earnings expectations during today’s quarterly
earnings conference call.
Geographic Regions
The Americas’ fourth-quarter revenues were $11.1 billion, a decrease of 9
percent (down 4 percent, adjusting for divested businesses and currency) from the
2013 period. Revenues from Europe/Middle East/Africa were down 13 percent to $8.0
billion (down 1 percent, adjusting for divested businesses and currency). AsiaPacific revenues decreased 17 percent (down 2 percent, adjusting for divested
businesses and currency) to $4.9 billion.
Growth Markets and Major Markets
Revenues from the company’s growth markets were down 16 percent (down 2 percent,
adjusting for divested businesses and currency). Revenues in the BRIC countries —
Brazil, Russia, India and China — were down 21 percent (down 8 percent, adjusting for
divested businesses and currency). China revenues were down 1 percent, adjusting for
divested businesses and currency. Revenues from the company’s major markets were
down 11 percent (down 2 percent, adjusting for divested businesses and currency).
Services
Global Services segment revenues decreased 8 percent (flat adjusting for the
impact of the divested customer care outsourcing and System x businesses and for
currency) to $13.5 billion. Global Technology Services segment revenues decreased 8
percent (up 2 percent adjusting for the impact of the divested customer care
outsourcing and System x businesses and for currency) to $9.2 billion. Global
Business Services segment revenues were down 8 percent (down 3 percent, adjusting for
currency) to $4.3 billion.
Pre-tax income from Global Technology Services decreased 26 percent and pre-tax
margin decreased to 15.6 percent. Global Business Services pre-tax income decreased
22 percent and pre-tax margin decreased to 16.4 percent. Pre-tax income and margin
include the impact of the fourth-quarter workforce rebalancing charge.
The estimated services backlog at December 31, 2014 was $128 billion, flat year
to year adjusting for the divested customer care outsourcing and System x businesses
and currency.
Software
Revenues from the Software segment were $7.6 billion, down 7 percent (down 3
percent, adjusting for currency) compared with the fourth-quarter of 2013.
Software
pre-tax income decreased 11 percent and pre-tax margin decreased to 44.7 percent.
Pre-tax income and margin include the impact of the fourth-quarter workforce
rebalancing charge.
Revenues from IBM’s key middleware products, which include WebSphere,
Information Management, Tivoli, Workforce Solutions and Rational products, were $5.4
billion, down 6 percent (down 3 percent, adjusting for currency) versus the fourthquarter of 2013. Operating systems revenues of $557 million were down 19 percent
(down 16 percent, adjusting for currency) compared with the prior-year quarter.
Financing
Global Financing segment revenues were flat (up 5 percent, adjusting for
currency) in the fourth-quarter to $532 million. Pre-tax income for the segment
decreased 11 percent to $526 million.
Hardware
Revenues from continuing operations for the Systems and Technology segment
totaled $2.4 billion for the quarter, down 39 percent (down 12 percent, adjusting for
the impact of the divested System x business and currency) from the fourth-quarter of
2013. Systems and Technology pre-tax income increased 12 percent and pre-tax margin
increased to 15.5 percent. Pre-tax income and margin include the impact of the
fourth-quarter workforce rebalancing charge.
Revenues from Power Systems were down 13 percent (down 11 percent, adjusting for
currency) compared with the 2013 period. Revenues from System z mainframe server
products decreased 26 percent (down 23 percent, adjusting for currency). Revenues
from System Storage decreased 8 percent (down 5 percent, adjusting for currency).
Gross Profit
The company’s total gross profit margin from continuing operations was 53.3
percent in the 2014 fourth-quarter period compared with 52.4 percent in the 2013
fourth-quarter period. Total operating (non-GAAP) gross profit margin from
continuing operations was 53.9 percent in the 2014 fourth-quarter compared with 53.3
percent in the 2013 fourth-quarter period.
Expense
Total reported expense and other income from continuing operations declined 20
percent to $5.8 billion compared with the prior year period. The reported reduction
was driven by the gain of $1.4 billion ($1.1 billion pre-tax income benefit, net of
related transaction and performance-based costs) from the divestiture of the System x
business and the elimination of the expense for the System x business from the
company’s run rate. Without these items, expense and other income would have been up
approximately 2 percent. S,G&A expense of $6.0 billion was up 1 percent from the
prior-year period and includes the workforce rebalancing charge of approximately $580
million. R,D&E expense of $1.3 billion decreased 9 percent compared with the yearago period, reflecting the divestiture of the System x business and currency impact.
Intellectual property and custom development income decreased to $199 million
compared with $201 million a year ago. Other (income) and expense was income of $1.5
billion, including the gain from the divested System x business, compared with prioryear income of $116 million. Interest expense increased to $117 million compared
with $113 million in the prior-year period.
Total operating (non-GAAP) expense and other income from continuing operations
decreased 20 percent to $5.6 billion compared with the prior-year period, including
the gain from the divestiture of the System x business. Operating (non-GAAP) S,G&A
expense increased 1 percent to $5.8 billion compared with the prior-year period and
includes the workforce rebalancing charge. Operating (non-GAAP) R,D&E expense of
$1.3 billion was down 7 percent compared with the year-ago period, reflecting the
divestiture of the System x business and currency impact.
Pre-Tax Income
Pre-tax income from continuing operations was flat year over year at $7.1
billion; pre-tax margin of 29.4 percent was up 3.5 points compared with the prioryear period. Operating (non-GAAP) pre-tax income from continuing operations
decreased 2 percent to $7.4 billion and pre-tax margin was 30.7 percent, up 3.0
points, compared to the year-ago period.
***
IBM’s tax rate from continuing operations was 22.3 percent, up 9.8 points year
over year; operating (non-GAAP) tax rate was 21.8 percent, up 9.6 points compared to
the year-ago period. The change in the fourth-quarter tax rate is driven by prior
year discrete tax items, including benefits from tax audit settlements.
Net income margin from continuing operations increased 0.2 points to 22.9
percent. Total operating (non-GAAP) net income margin from continuing operations
decreased 0.3 points to 24.0 percent.
The weighted-average number of diluted common shares outstanding in the fourthquarter 2014 was 995 million, a decrease of 8 percent compared with the same period
of 2013. As of December 31, 2014, there were 991 million basic common shares
outstanding.
Debt, including Global Financing, totaled $40.8 billion, compared with $39.7
billion at year-end 2013, and down $4.9 billion from the third quarter of 2014. From
a management segment view, Global Financing debt totaled $29.1 billion versus $27.5
billion at year-end 2013, resulting in a debt-to-equity ratio of 7.2 to 1. Core
(non-global financing) debt totaled $11.7 billion, a decrease of $0.5 billion since
year-end 2013, resulting in a debt-to-capitalization ratio of 59 percent, which
includes impacts from retirement plan remeasurement that take into account changes in
discount rates and recently released U.S. mortality tables, the announced
Microelectronics business divestiture and foreign exchange translation.
IBM ended the fourth-quarter 2014 with $8.5 billion of cash on hand and
generated free cash flow of $6.6 billion, excluding Global Financing receivables,
down approximately $1.8 billion year over year. In the fourth quarter of 2014, the
company returned $1.2 billion to shareholders through $1.1 billion in dividends and
$0.1 billion of gross share repurchases.
At the end of December 2014, IBM had approximately $6.3 billion remaining from
the current share repurchase authorization.
Full-Year 2014 Results
Net income from continuing operations for the twelve months ended December 31,
2014 was $15.8 billion compared with $16.9 billion in the year-ago period, a decrease
of 7 percent. Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations were $15.59, up
2 percent compared to the 2013 period.
The consolidated diluted earnings per share were $11.90 as compared to $14.94
per share in 2013, down 20 percent. Revenues from continuing operations for the
twelve-month period totaled $92.8 billion, a decrease of 6 percent (down 1 percent,
adjusting for divested businesses and currency) compared with $98.4 billion for the
twelve months of 2013.
Full year results include a non-recurring pre-tax charge of $4.7 billion, or
$3.4 billion, net of tax. The charge includes an impairment to reflect fair value
less estimated costs to sell the Microelectronics manufacturing business assets,
which the company has classified as held for sale at December 31, 2014. The charge
also includes other estimated costs related to the transaction, including cash
consideration expected to be transferred to GLOBALFOUNDRIES of approximately $1.5
billion.
Operating (non-GAAP) net income from continuing operations for the twelve months
ended December 31, 2014 was $16.7 billion compared with $18.4 billion in the year-ago
period, a decrease of 9 percent. Operating (non-GAAP) diluted earnings per share
from continuing operations were $16.53 compared with $16.64 per diluted share for the
2013 period, a decrease of less than 1 percent.
Forward-Looking and Cautionary Statements
Except for the historical information and discussions contained herein,
statements contained in this release may constitute forward-looking statements
within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.
Forward-looking statements are based on the company’s current assumptions regarding
future business and financial performance. These statements involve a number of
risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause actual results to differ
materially, including the following: a downturn in economic environment and client
spending budgets; the company’s failure to meet growth and productivity objectives; a
failure of the company’s innovation initiatives; risks from investing in growth
opportunities; failure of the company’s intellectual property portfolio to prevent
competitive offerings and the failure of the company to obtain necessary licenses;
cybersecurity and data privacy considerations; fluctuations in financial results,
impact of local legal, economic, political and health conditions; adverse effects
from environmental matters, tax matters and the company’s pension plans; ineffective
internal controls; the company’s use of accounting estimates; the company’s ability
to attract and retain key personnel and its reliance on critical skills; impacts of
relationships with critical suppliers and business with government clients; currency
fluctuations and customer financing risks; impact of changes in market liquidity
conditions and customer credit risk on receivables; reliance on third party
distribution channels; the company’s ability to successfully manage acquisitions,
alliances and dispositions; risks from legal proceedings; risk factors related to IBM
securities; and other risks, uncertainties and factors discussed in the company’s
Form 10-Qs, Form 10-K and in the company’s other filings with the U.S. Securities and
Exchange Commission (SEC) or in materials incorporated therein by reference. Any
forward-looking statement in this release speaks only as of the date on which it is
made. The company assumes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking
statements.
Presentation of Information in this Press Release
In an effort to provide investors with additional information regarding the
company’s results as determined by generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP),
the company has also disclosed in this press release the following non-GAAP
information which management believes provides useful information to investors:
IBM results and expectations -o presenting operating (non-GAAP) earnings per share from continuing operations
amounts and related income statement items;
o presenting non-global financing debt-to-capitalization ratio;
o adjusting for free cash flow;
o adjusting for currency (i.e., at constant currency);
o adjusting for the divestiture of the System x and the customer care outsourcing
businesses.
The rationale for management’s use of non-GAAP measures is included as part
of the supplemental materials presented within the fourth-quarter earnings
materials. These materials are available on the IBM investor relations Web site at
www.ibm.com/investor and are being included in Attachment II (“Non-GAAP Supplemental
Materials”) to the Form 8-K that includes this press release and is being submitted
today to the SEC.
Conference Call and Webcast
IBM’s regular quarterly earnings conference call is scheduled to begin at 4:30
p.m. EST, today. The Webcast may be accessed via a link at
http://www.ibm.com/investor/events/earnings/4q14.html. Presentation charts will be
available shortly before the Webcast.
Financial Results Below (certain amounts may not add due to use of rounded numbers;
percentages presented are calculated from the underlying whole-dollar amounts.)
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
COMPARATIVE FINANCIAL RESULTS
(Unaudited; Dollars in millions except per share amounts)
Three Months Ended
Twelve Months Ended
December 31,
December 31,
Percent
Percent
2014
2013*
Change
2014
2013* Change
------- ------------- ------- ------- ------REVENUE
Global Technology Services
Gross profit margin
$9,167
38.5%
$9,917
38.8%
$38,551
38.1%
-3.7%
Global Business Services
Gross profit margin
4,349
32.0%
4,747
30.7%
-8.4%
17,825
30.8%
18,396
30.9%
-3.1%
Software
Gross profit margin
7,578
90.0%
8,140
90.5%
-6.9%
25,434
88.6%
25,932
88.8%
-1.9%
Systems and Technology
Gross profit margin
2,406
49.6%
3,947
42.2%
-39.0%
9,996
39.5%
12,988
40.8%
-23.0%
Global Financing
Gross profit margin
532
48.7%
534
43.3%
-0.5%
2,034
49.4%
2,022
45.6%
0.6%
82
-401.7%
100
-234.8%
-17.7%
374
-215.0%
478
-195.6%
-21.7%
TOTAL REVENUE
24,113
27,385
-11.9%
92,793
98,367
-5.7%
GROSS PROFIT
Gross profit margin
12,862
53.3%
14,337
52.4%
-10.3%
46,407
50.0%
48,684
49.5%
-4.7%
S,G&A
Expense to revenue
6,034
25.0%
5,987
21.9%
0.8%
23,180
25.0%
23,451
23.8%
-1.2%
R,D&E
Expense to revenue
1,320
5.5%
1,452
5.3%
-9.1%
5,437
5.9%
5,743
5.8%
-5.3%
Intellectual property and
custom development income
(199)
(201)
-1.2%
(742)
(822)
-9.8%
(1,506)
(116)
(1,938)
(333)
117
113
3.6%
484
402
20.4%
TOTAL EXPENSE AND
OTHER INCOME
Expense to revenue
5,767
23.9%
7,235
26.4%
-20.3%
26,421
28.5%
28,440
28.9%
-7.1%
INCOME FROM CONTINUING
OPERATIONS BEFORE INCOME TAXES
Pre-tax margin
7,094
29.4%
7,102
25.9%
-0.1%
19,986
21.5%
20,244
20.6%
-1.3%
Other
Gross profit margin
-7.6% $37,130
38.3%
EXPENSE AND OTHER INCOME
Other (income) and expense
Interest expense
NM
NM
Provision for income taxes
Effective tax rate
INCOME FROM CONTINUING
OPERATIONS
Net margin
DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
Loss from discontinued
operations, net of taxes
NET INCOME
EARNINGS PER SHARE
OF COMMON STOCK:
ASSUMING DILUTION
CONTINUING OPERATIONS
DISCOUNTINUED OPERATIONS
TOTAL
BASIC
CONTINUING OPERATIONS
DISCOUNTINUED OPERATIONS
TOTAL
WEIGHTED-AVERAGE NUMBER
OF COMMON SHARES OUTSTANDING (M's):
ASSUMING DILUTION
BASIC
1,580
22.3%
885
12.5%
$5,515
22.9%
78.4%
4,234
21.2%
3,363
16.6%
25.9%
$6,216
22.7%
-11.3% $15,751
17.0%
$16,881
17.2%
-6.7%
(31)
(32)
(3,729)
(398)
$5,484
======
$6,185
======
-11.3% $12,022
======
$16,483
=======
-27.1%
$5.54
($0.03)
----$5.51
$5.76
($0.03)
----$5.73
-3.8%
$15.59
($3.69)
-----3.8% $11.90
$15.30
($0.36)
----$14.94
1.9%
$5.57
($0.03)
----$5.54
$5.80
($0.03)
----$5.77
-4.0%
$15.68
($3.71)
-----4.0% $11.97
$15.42
($0.36)
----$15.06
995.4
990.4
1,080.0
1,072.5
1,010.0
1,004.3
1,103.0
1,094.5
-20.3%
1.7%
-20.5%
* Reclassified to reflect discontinued operations presentation.
NM = Not Meaningful
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL POSITION
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in Millions)
At
December 31,
2014
------------
At
December 31,
2013
------------
ASSETS:
Current Assets:
Cash and cash equivalents
Marketable securities
Notes and accounts receivable - trade
(net of allowances of $336 in 2014 and $291 in 2013)
Short-term financing receivables
(net of allowances of $452 in 2014 and $308 in 2013)
Other accounts receivable
$8,476
0
$10,716
350
9,090
10,465
19,835
19,787
(net of allowances of $40 in 2014 and $36 in 2013)
Inventories, at lower of average cost or market:
Finished goods
Work in process and raw materials
Total inventories
Deferred taxes
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
Total Current Assets
Property, plant and equipment
Less: Accumulated depreciation
Property, plant and equipment - net
Long-term financing receivables
(net of allowances of $126 in 2014 and $80 in 2013)
Prepaid pension assets
Deferred taxes
Goodwill
Intangible assets - net
Investments and sundry assets
Total Assets
2,906
1,584
430
1,674
--------2,103
2,044
4,967
--------49,422
444
1,866
--------2,310
1,651
4,488
--------51,350
39,034
28,263
--------10,771
40,475
26,654
--------13,821
11,109
2,160
4,808
30,556
3,104
5,603
--------$117,532
=========
12,755
5,551
3,051
31,184
3,871
4,639
--------$126,223
=========
$5,084
5,731
6,864
4,031
11,877
6,013
--------39,600
$4,633
6,862
7,461
3,893
12,557
4,748
--------40,154
35,073
32,856
18,261
3,691
8,892
--------105,518
16,242
4,108
9,934
--------103,294
52,666
137,793
(150,715)
(27,875)
--------11,868
51,594
130,042
(137,242)
(21,602)
--------22,792
146
--------12,014
137
--------22,929
LIABILITIES:
Current Liabilities:
Taxes
Short-term debt
Accounts payable
Compensation and benefits
Deferred income
Other accrued expenses and liabilities
Total Current Liabilities
Long-term debt
Retirement and nonpension postretirement
benefit obligations
Deferred income
Other liabilities
Total Liabilities
EQUITY:
IBM Stockholders' Equity:
Common stock
Retained earnings
Treasury stock -- at cost
Accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss)
Total IBM stockholders' equity
Noncontrolling interests
Total Equity
--------$117,532
=========
Total Liabilities and Equity
--------$126,223
=========
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
CASH FLOW ANALYSIS
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in Millions)
Net Cash from Operating Activities per GAAP:
Less: the change in Global Financing (GF)
Receivables
Net Cash from Operating Activities
(Excluding GF Receivables)
Capital Expenditures, Net
Free Cash Flow
(Excluding GF Receivables)
Acquisitions
Divestitures
Dividends
Share Repurchase
Non-GF Debt
Other (includes GF Receivables, and
GF Debt)
Change in Cash, Cash Equivalents and
Short-term Marketable Securities
Three Months Ended
December 31,
2014
2013
-----------$6,059
$6,528
Twelve Months Ended
December 31,
2014
2013
------------$16,868
$17,485
(1,505)
------
(2,932)
------
718
------
(1,304)
------
7,564
9,460
16,151
18,789
(976)
(1,059)
(3,779)
(3,768)
6,588
8,401
12,372
15,021
(6)
1,869
(1,089)
(132)
(5,883)
(495)
50
(1,025)
(5,797)
1,637
(656)
2,357
(4,265)
(13,679)
(1,348)
(3,056)
297
(4,058)
(13,859)
3,193
(2,435)
(1,937)
2,629
2,400
($1,088)
========
$834
========
($2,589)
=======
($63)
=======
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
SEGMENT DATA
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in Millions)
FOURTH-QUARTER 2014
-------------------------------------------------------Pre-tax
Income/
(Loss)
--------- Revenue --------Continuing
Pre-tax
External
Internal
Total
Operations
Margin
-------------------------------------
SEGMENTS
Global Technology Services
Y-T-Y change
Global Business Services
Y-T-Y change
$9,167
-7.6%
$195
-25.7%
$9,362
-8.0%
$1,464
-26.4%
15.6%
4,349
-8.4%
127
-24.9%
4,476
-8.9%
733
-22.0%
16.4%
Software
Y-T-Y change
Systems and Technology
Y-T-Y change
Global Financing
Y-T-Y change
TOTAL REPORTABLE SEGMENTS
Y-T-Y change
Eliminations / Other
TOTAL IBM CONSOLIDATED
Y-T-Y change
7,578
-6.9%
845
-3.8%
8,422
-6.6%
3,765
-11.2%
44.7%
2,406
-39.0%
107
-37.4%
2,512
-39.0%
388
12.2%
15.5%
532
-0.5%
588
-10.1%
1,119
-5.8%
526
-10.8%
47.0%
$24,031
-11.9%
$1,860
-12.8%
$25,891
-12.0%
$6,876
-15.2%
26.6%
82
(1,860)
(1,778)
219
$24,113
-11.9%
$0
$24,113
-11.9%
$7,094
-0.1%
29.4%
FOURTH-QUARTER 2013*
----------------------------------------------------Pre-tax
Income/
(Loss)
--------- Revenue --------Continuing
Pre-tax
External
Internal
Total
Operations
Margin
-------------------------------------
(Dollars in Millions)
SEGMENTS
Global Technology Services
$9,917
$262
$10,179
$1,989
19.5%
Global Business Services
4,747
169
4,915
940
19.1%
Software
8,140
878
9,018
4,239
47.0%
Systems and Technology*
3,947
170
4,117
346
8.4%
534
654
1,188
589
49.6%
$27,285
$2,133
$29,418
$8,104
27.5%
100
(2,133)
(2,033)
(1,002)
$27,385
$0
$27,385
$7,102
Global Financing
TOTAL REPORTABLE SEGMENTS
Eliminations / Other
TOTAL IBM CONSOLIDATED
25.9%
* Reclassified to reflect discontinued operations presentation.
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
SEGMENT DATA
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in Millions)
TWELVE-MONTHS 2014
--------------------------------------------------Pre-tax
Income/
(Loss)
--------- Revenue --------Continuing
Pre-tax
External
--------
Internal
--------
Total
--------
Operations
----------
Margin
-------
SEGMENTS
Global Technology Services
Y-T-Y change
$37,130
-3.7%
$934
-12.2%
$38,063
-3.9%
$6,340
-9.2%
16.7%
Global Business Services
Y-T-Y change
17,825
-3.1%
543
-24.0%
18,367
-3.9%
2,999
-6.7%
16.3%
Software
Y-T-Y change
25,434
-1.9%
3,496
9.6%
28,931
-0.7%
10,699
-3.7%
37.0%
Systems and Technology
Y-T-Y change
9,996
-23.0%
647
9.2%
10,643
-21.6%
34
-84.1%
0.3%
2,034
0.6%
2,488
9.0%
4,522
5.1%
2,189
0.8%
48.4%
$92,418
-5.6%
$8,108
3.4%
$100,527
-4.9%
$22,262
-6.0%
22.1%
374
(8,108)
(7,734)
(2,276)
$92,793
-5.7%
$0
$92,793
-5.7%
$19,986
-1.3%
Global Financing
Y-T-Y change
TOTAL REPORTABLE SEGMENTS
Y-T-Y change
Eliminations / Other
TOTAL IBM CONSOLIDATED
Y-T-Y change
(Dollars in Millions)
21.5%
TWELVE-MONTHS 2013*
------------------------------------------------Pre-tax
Income
(Loss)/
--------- Revenue --------Continuing
Pre-tax
External Internal
Total
Operations
Margin
-------- -----------------------------
SEGMENTS
Global Technology Services
$38,551
$1,063
$39,615
$6,983
17.6%
Global Business Services
18,396
714
19,109
3,214
16.8%
Software
25,932
3,191
29,123
11,106
38.1%
Systems and Technology*
12,988
593
13,581
213
1.6%
2,022
2,282
4,304
2,171
50.4%
$97,889
$7,843
$105,732
$23,687
22.4%
478
(7,843)
(7,365)
(3,443)
$98,367
$0
$98,367
$20,244
Global Financing
TOTAL REPORTABLE SEGMENTS
Eliminations / Other
TOTAL IBM CONSOLIDATED
* Reclassified to reflect discontinued operations presentation.
20.6%
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
U.S. GAAP TO OPERATING RESULTS RECONCILIATION
(Unaudited: Dollars in millions except per share amounts)
Gross Profit
FOURTH-QUARTER 2014
CONTINUING OPERATIONS
-----------------------------------------------Acquisition- RetirementRelated
Related
Operating
GAAP
Adjustments* Adjustments** (Non-GAAP)
-------- ------------ --------------------$12,862
$101
$33
$12,996
Gross Profit Margin
53.3%
0.4Pts
0.1Pts
53.9%
S,G&A
6,034
(94)
(95)
5,845
R,D&E
1,320
-
21
1,341
(1,506)
(1)
-
(1,506)
Total Expense & Other (Income)
5,767
(95)
(74)
5,598
Pre-Tax Income from
Continuing Operations
7,094
196
107
7,398
Pre-Tax Income Margin from
Continuing Operations
29.4%
0.8Pts
0.4Pts
30.7%
Provision for Income Taxes***
1,580
10
24
1,613
Effective Tax Rate
22.3%
-0.5Pts
0.0Pts
21.8%
Income from Continuing Operations
5,515
186
84
5,785
Income Margin from
Continuing Operations
22.9%
0.8Pts
0.3Pts
24.0%
(31)
-
-
(31)
5,484
186
84
5,753
$5.54
($0.03)
$0.19
-
$0.08
-
$5.81
($0.03)
Other (Income) & Expense
Loss from Discontinued Operations
Net of Taxes
Net Income
Diluted Earnings Per Share:
Continuing Operations
Discontinued Operations
FOURTH-QUARTER 2013****
CONTINUING OPERATIONS
-----------------------------------------------Acquisition- RetirementRelated
Related
Operating
GAAP
Adjustments* Adjustments** (Non-GAAP)
-------- ------------ ---------------------
Gross Profit
$14,337
$105
$154
$14,596
Gross Profit Margin
52.4%
0.4Pts
0.6Pts
53.3%
S,G&A
5,987
(101)
(90)
5,796
R,D&E
1,452
-
(14)
1,438
Other (Income) & Expense
(116)
(8)
-
(124)
Total Expense & Other (Income)
7,235
(109)
(104)
7,023
Pre-Tax Income from
Continuing Operations
7,102
213
258
7,574
Pre-Tax Income Margin from
Continuing Operations
25.9%
0.8Pts
0.9Pts
27.7%
885
(55)
94
925
Effective Tax Rate
12.5%
-1.1Pts
0.8Pts
12.2%
Income from Continuing Operations
6,216
268
164
6,649
Income Margin from
Continuing Operations
22.7%
1.0Pts
0.6Pts
24.3%
(32)
-
-
(32)
6,185
268
164
6,617
$5.76
($0.03)
$0.25
-
$0.15
-
$6.16
($0.03)
Provision for Income Taxes***
Loss from Discontinued Operations
Net of Taxes
Net Income
Diluted Earnings Per Share:
Continuing Operations
Discontinued Operations
* Includes amortization of acquired intangible assets and other acquisition-related
charges.
** Includes retirement-related items driven by changes to plan assets and
liabilities primarily related to market performance.
*** Tax impact on operating (non-GAAP) pre-tax income from continuing operations is
calculated under the same accounting principles applied to the GAAP pre-tax income
which employs an annual effective tax rate method to the results.
**** Reclassified to reflect discontinued operations presentation.
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
U.S. GAAP TO OPERATING RESULTS RECONCILIATION
(Unaudited: Dollars in millions except per share amounts)
TWELVE-MONTHS 2014
CONTINUING OPERATIONS
------------------------------------------------
Gross Profit
Gross Profit Margin
Acquisition- RetirementRelated
Related
Operating
GAAP
Adjustments* Adjustments** (Non-GAAP)
-------- ------------ ------------ ----------$46,407
$416
$173
$46,996
50.0%
0.4Pts
0.2Pts
50.6%
S,G&A
23,180
(385)
(257)
22,537
R,D&E
5,437
-
77
5,514
(1,938)
(1)
-
(1,939)
Total Expense & Other (Income)
26,421
(386)
(180)
25,855
Pre-Tax Income from
Continuing Operations
19,986
803
353
21,142
Pre-Tax Income Margin from
Continuing Operations
21.5%
0.9Pts
0.4Pts
22.8%
Provision for Income Taxes***
4,234
133
73
4,440
Effective Tax Rate
21.2%
-0.2Pts
0.0Pts
21.0%
Income from Continuing Operations 15,751
670
280
16,702
17.0%
0.7Pts
0.3Pts
18.0%
Loss from Discontinued Operations
Net of Taxes
(3,729)
-
-
(3,729)
12,022
670
280
12,973
$15.59
($3.69)
$0.66
-
$0.28
-
$16.53
($3.69)
Other (Income) & Expense
Income Margin from
Continuing Operations
Net Income
Diluted Earnings Per Share:
Continuing Operations
Discontinued Operations
Gross Profit
Gross Profit Margin
TWELVE-MONTHS 2013****
CONTINUING OPERATIONS
-----------------------------------------------Acquisition- RetirementRelated
Related
Operating
GAAP
Adjustments* Adjustments** (Non-GAAP)
-------- ------------ ------------ ----------$48,684
$394
$629
$49,706
49.5%
0.4Pts
0.6Pts
50.5%
S,G&A
23,451
(394)
(376)
22,680
R,D&E
5,743
-
(57)
5,686
Other (Income) & Expense
(333)
(16)
-
(349)
Total Expense & Other (Income)
28,440
(410)
(433)
27,597
Pre-Tax Income from
Continuing Operations
20,244
804
1,062
22,110
Pre-Tax Income Margin from
Continuing Operations
20.6%
0.8Pts
1.1Pts
22.5%
Provision for Income Taxes***
3,363
57
333
3,753
Effective Tax Rate
16.6%
-0.4Pts
0.7Pts
17.0%
Income from Continuing Operations 16,881
747
729
18,356
Income Margin from
Continuing Operations
17.2%
0.8Pts
0.7Pts
18.7%
Loss from Discontinued Operations
Net of Taxes
(398)
-
-
(398)
16,483
747
729
17,959
$15.30
($0.36)
$0.68
-
$0.66
-
$16.64
($0.36)
Net Income
Diluted Earnings Per Share:
Continuing Operations
Discontinued Operations
* Includes amortization of acquired intangible assets and other acquisition-related
charges.
** Includes retirement-related items driven by changes to plan assets and
liabilities primarily related to market performance.
*** Tax impact on operating (non-GAAP) pre-tax income from continuing operations is
calculated under the same accounting principles applied to the GAAP pre-tax income
which employs an annual effective tax rate method to the results.
**** Reclassified to reflect discontinued operations presentation.
Contact:
IBM
Ian Colley, 914-434-3043
[email protected]
John Bukovinsky, 732-618-3531
[email protected]
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