A3240: Chopper-Stabilized Precision Hall-Effect Switch

A3240
Chopper-Stabilized, Precision Hall-Effect Switch
Discontinued Product
This device is no longer in production. The device should not be
purchased for new design applications. Samples are no longer available.
Date of status change: May 3, 2010
Recommended Substitutions:
for A3240ELHLT-T use A1120ELHLX-T
for A3240ELTTR-T contact Allegro Sales
for A3240EUA-T use A1120EUA-T
for A3240LLHLT-T use A1120LLHLX-T
for A3240LLTTR-T contact Allegro Sales
for A3240LUA-T use A1120LUA-T
NOTE: For detailed information on purchasing options, contact your
local Allegro field applications engineer or sales representative.
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc. reserves the right to make, from time to time, revisions to the anticipated product life cycle plan
for a product to accommodate changes in production capabilities, alternative product availabilities, or market demand. The
information included herein is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, Allegro MicroSystems, Inc. assumes no responsibility for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use.
A3240
Chopper-Stabilized, Precision
Hall-Effect Switch
Features and Benefits
Description
▪ Resistant to Physical Stress
▪ Superior Temperature Stability
▪ Output Short-Circuit Protection
▪ Operation From Unregulated Supply
▪ Reverse Battery Protection
▪ Solid-State Reliability
▪ Small Size
The A3240 Hall-effect switch is an extremely temperature-stable and stress-resistant sensor IC especially suited
for operation over extended temperature ranges to +150°C.
Superior high-temperature performance is made possible
through dynamic offset cancellation, which reduces the
residual offset voltage normally caused by device overmolding,
temperature dependencies, and thermal stress.
The device includes on a single silicon chip a voltage regulator,
Hall-voltage generator, small-signal amplifier, chopper
stabilization, Schmitt trigger, and a short-circuit protected
open-collector output to sink up to 25 mA. A south pole of
sufficient strength will turn the output on. An on-board regulator
permits operation with supply voltages of 4.2 to 24 volts.
Packages:
3-pin SOT89
(LT package)
3-pin SOT23W
(LH package)
3-pin SIP
(UA package)
Not to scale
Three package styles provide a magnetically optimized package
for most applications. Package type LH is a modified SOT23W
surface-mount package, LT is a miniature SOT89/TO-243AA
transistor package for surface-mount applications; while UA is
a three-lead ultra-mini-SIP for through-hole mounting. The LH
and UA packages are also available in a lead (Pb) free version
(suffix, –T) , with a 100% matte tin plated leadframe.
Functional Block Diagram
SUPPLY
TO ALL
SUBCIRCUITS
LOW-PASS
FILTER
OUTPUT
SAMPLE
& HOLD
X
DYNAMIC
OFFSET CANCELLATION
REG.
CONTROL
CURRENT
LIMIT
<17
GROUND
Dwg. FH-020-1
27621.20i
A3240
Chopper-Stabilized, Precision Hall-Effect Switch
Selection Guide
Part Number
Packing*
Mounting
A3240ELHLT-T
7-in. reel, 3000 pieces/reel Surface Mount
A3240ELTTR-T
7-in. reel, 1000 pieces/reel Surface Mount
A3240EUA-T
Bulk, 500 pieces/bag
A3240LLHLT-T
7-in. reel, 3000 pieces/reel Surface Mount
7-in. reel, 1000 pieces/reel Surface Mount
A3240LUA-T
Bulk, 500 pieces/bag
BRP(MIN)
(G)
BOP(MAX)
(G)
5.0
50
–40 to 85
SIP through hole
A3240LLTTR-T
*Contact
Ambient, TA
(ºC)
–40 to 150
SIP through hole
Allegro for additional packing options.
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Rating
Unit
Supply Voltage
Characteristic
Symbol
VCC
Notes
26.5
V
Reverse Battery Voltage
VRCC
–30
V
Output Off Voltage
VOUT
26
V
Continuous Output Current
IOUT
25
mA
Reverse Output Current
IROUT
–50
mA
See graph
W
Unlimited
G
Internal current limiting is intended to protect the
device from output short circuits.
Package Power Dissipation
PD
Magnetic Flux Density
B
1 G = 0.1 mT (millitesla)
Operating Ambient Temperature
TA
Range E
–40 to 85
ºC
Range L
–40 to 150
ºC
TJ(max)
165
ºC
Tstg
–65 to 170
ºC
Maximum Junction Temperature
Storage Temperature
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
2
A3240
Chopper-Stabilized, Precision Hall-Effect Switch
Suffix ‘–LT’ & ‘–UA’ Pinning
Suffix ‘–LH’ Pinning
(SOT89/TO-243AA & ultra-min SIP)
(SOT23W)
3
X
PTCT
V
CC
CC
2
3
GROUND
OUTPUT
1
1
SUPPLY
V
PTCT
2
Dwg. PH-003-4
Dwg. PH-003-2
Pinning is shown viewed from branded side.
Package Power Dissipation
800
700
Suffix "–UA"
R θJA = 165°C/W
600
500
Suffix "–LT"
R θJA = 180°C/W
Suffix "–LH"
R θJA = 228°C/W
400
300
200
Suffix "E–"
100
Suffix "L–"
0
20
40
60
100
80
120
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE in °C
140
160
180
Dwg. GH-046-2D
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
Copyright © 2000, 2003 Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
3
A3240
Chopper-Stabilized, Precision Hall-Effect Switch
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS over operating temperature range.
Limits
Characteristic
Symbol
Test Conditions
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
4.2
–
24
V
Supply Voltage Range
VCC
Operating, TJ < 170°C1
Output Leakage Current
IOFF
VOUT = 24 V, B < BRP
–
–
10
μA
VOUT(SAT)
IOUT = 20 mA, B > BOP
–
185
500
mV
Output Saturation Voltage
Output Current Limit
IOM
B > BOP
30
–
60
mA
Power-On Time
tpo
VCC > 4.2 V
–
–
50
μs
Chopping Frequency
fC
–
340
–
kHz
Output Rise Time
tr
RL = 820 , CL = 20 pF
–
0.2
2.0
μs
Output Fall Time
tf
RL = 820 , CL = 20 pF
–
0.1
2.0
μs
B < BRP, VCC = 12 V
–
3.0
6.0
mA
B > BOP, VCC = 12 V
–
4.0
6.0
mA
VRCC = -30 V
–
–
-5.0
mA
Supply Current
Reverse Battery Current
ICC
ICC
Zener Voltage
VZ + VD
ICC = 15 mA, TA = 25°C
28
32
37
V
Zener Impedance
zz + zD
ICC = 15 mA, TA = 25°C
–
50
–

NOTES: 1. Maximum voltage must be adjusted for power dissipation and junction temperature.
2. BOP = operate point (output turns on); BRP = release point (output turns off).
3. Typical Data is at TA = +25°C and VCC = 12 V and is for design information only.
MAGNETIC CHARACTERISTICS over operating supply voltage and temperature ranges.
Test Conditions
Symbol
Operate Point
BOP
–
35
50
G
Release Point
BRP
5.0
25
–
G
Hysteresis
Bhys
–
10
–
G
BOP - BRP
Min.
Limits
Typ.
Max.
Characteristic
Units
NOTES: 1. Typical Data is at TA = +25°C and VCC = 12 V and is for design information only.
2. 1 gauss (G) is exactly equal to 0.1 millitesla (mT).
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
4
A3240
Chopper-Stabilized, Precision Hall-Effect Switch
TYPICAL OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS
as a function of temperature
SWITCH POINTS
50
SWITCH POINTS IN GAUSS
40
OPERATE POINT
30
RELEASE POINT
20
VCC = 4.5 V
VCC = 24 V
10
0
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
100
125
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE IN o C
150
Dwg. GH-026-5
OUTPUT SATURATION VOLTAGE
SUPPLY CURRENT
300
6.0
IOUT = 20 mA
VCC = 12 V
5.0
SUPPLY CURRENT IN mA
SATURATION VOLTAGE IN mV
VCC = 12 V
200
100
4.0
OUTPUT ON, B > BOP
3.0
OUTPUT OFF, B < BRP
0
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
100
125
150
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE IN o C
2.0
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
100
125
150
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE IN o C
Dwg. GH-029-4
Dwg. GH-028-5
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
5
A3240
Chopper-Stabilized, Precision Hall-Effect Switch
TYPICAL OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS
as a function of supply voltage
SWITCH POINTS
40
OPERATE POINT
SWITCH POINT IN GAUSS
30
RELEASE POINT
TA = 150oC
TA = -40oC
20
10
0
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
24
5.0
SUPPLY VOLTAGE IN VOLTS
Dwg. GH-021-2
OUTPUT SATURATION VOLTAGE
SUPPLY CURRENT
250
8.0
OUTPUT ON
TA = 150oC
TA = +25oC
TA = -40oC
7.0
225
6.0
SUPPLY CURRENT IN mA
SATURATION VOLTAGE IN mV
IOUT = 20 mA
TA = 150oC
TA = +25oC
TA = -40oC
200
175
5.0
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
150
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
24
0
3.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
7.0
8.0
9.0
SUPPLY VOLTAGE IN VOLTS
SUPPLY VOLTAGE IN VOLTS
Dwg. GH-055-1
10
11
12
Dwg. GH-058-4
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
6
A3240
Chopper-Stabilized, Precision Hall-Effect Switch
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
SAMPLE
& HOLD
REG
X
B
+V
Dwg. EH-012
—
HALL
VOLTAGE
+
Dwg. AH-011-2
+V
VCC
OUTPUT VOLTAGE
B RP
B OP
VOUT(SAT)
0
0
+B
FLUX DENSITY
Dwg. GH-007-2
3
SUPPLY
OUTPUT
2
PTCT
Chopper-Stabilized Technique. The Hall element can be
considered as a resistor array similar to a Wheatstone bridge. A
large portion of the offset is a result of the mismatching of these
resistors. These devices use a proprietary dynamic offset cancellation technique, with an internal high-frequency clock to reduce
the residual offset voltage of the Hall element that is normally
caused by device overmolding, temperature dependencies, and
thermal stress. The chopper-stabilizing technique cancels the
mismatching of the resistor circuit by changing the direction of
the current flowing through the Hall plate using CMOS switches
and Hall voltage measurement taps, while maintaing the Hallvoltage signal that is induced by the external magnetic flux. The
signal is then captured by a sample-and-hold circuit and further
processed using low-offset bipolar circuitry. This technique
produces devices that have an extremely stable quiescent Hall
output voltage, are immune to thermal stress, and have precise
recoverability after temperature cycling. This technique will
also slightly degrade the device output repeatability. A relatively
high sampling frequency is used in order that faster signals can
be processed.
More detailed descriptions of the circuit operation can be
found in: Technical Paper STP 97-10, Monolithic Magnetic Hall
Sensing Using Dynamic Quadrature Offset Cancellation and
Technical Paper STP 99-1, Chopper-Stabilized Amplifiers With A
Track-and-Hold Signal Demodulator.
Operation. The output of these devices switches low (turns
on) when a magnetic field (south pole) perpendicular to the
Hall element exceeds the operate point threshold (BOP). After
turn-on, the output is capable of sinking 25 mA and the output
voltage is VOUT(SAT). When the magnetic field is reduced below
the release point (BRP), the device output goes high (turns off).
The difference in the magnetic operate and release points is the
hysteresis (Bhys) of the device. This built-in hysteresis allows
clean switching of the output even in the presence of external
mechanical vibration and electrical noise.
Applications. It is strongly recommended that an external
bypass capacitor be connected (in close proximity to the Hall
element) between the supply and ground of the device to reduce
both external noise and noise generated by the chopper-stabilization technique.
The simplest form of magnet that will operate these devices
is a ring magnet. Other methods of operation, such as linear
magnets, are possible. Extensive applications information on
magnets and Hall-effect devices is also available in Application
Note 27701, or at
www.allegromicro.com
V
1
CC
0.1 MF
SUPPLY
Dwg. EH-013
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
7
X
Chopper-Stabilized, Precision Hall-Effect Switch
A3240
Package LH, 3-Pin (SOT-23W)
+0.12
2.98 –0.08
1.49 D
4°±4°
3
A
+0.020
0.180–0.053
0.96 D
+0.10
2.90 –0.20
+0.19
1.91 –0.06
2.40
0.70
D
0.25 MIN
1.00
2
1
0.55 REF
0.25 BSC
0.95
Seating Plane
Gauge Plane
8X 10° REF
B
PCB Layout Reference View
Branded Face
1.00 ±0.13
0.95 BSC
+0.10
0.05 –0.05
0.40 ±0.10
For Reference Only; not for tooling use (reference dwg. 802840)
Dimensions in millimeters
Dimensions exclusive of mold flash, gate burrs, and dambar protrusions
Exact case and lead configuration at supplier discretion within limits shown
A
Active Area Depth, 0.28 mm REF
B
Reference land pattern layout
All pads a minimum of 0.20 mm from all adjacent pads; adjust as necessary
to meet application process requirements and PCB layout tolerances
C
Branding scale and appearance at supplier discretion
D
Hall element, not to scale
NNT
1
C
Standard Branding Reference View
N = Last two digits of device part number
T = Temperature code
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
8
A3240
Chopper-Stabilized, Precision Hall-Effect Switch
Package LT, 3-Pin (SOT89/TO-243AA)
4.50±0.10
+0.10
1.73 –0.11
2.50
2.00
A
2.24
0.80
1.14
+0.15
4.10 –0.16
+0.15
2.45 –0.16
+0.09
2.20 –0.07
2.60
+0.20
1.00 –0.11
1
2
3
4.60
Parting
Line
1.00
+0.04
0.40 –0.05
0.70
1.50±0.10
2X 1.50 BSC
0.42±0.06
B
1.50
PCB Layout Reference View
Basic pads for low-stress, not self-aligning
Additional pad for low-stress, self-aligning
Additional area for IPC reference layout
0.50±0.06
For Reference Only; not for tooling use (reference JEDEC. TO-243AA)
Dimensions in millimeters
Dimensions exclusive of mold flash, gate burrs, and dambar protrusions
Exact case and lead configuration at supplier discretion within limits shown
A
Active Area Depth, 0.78 mm REF
B
C
Reference land pattern layout (reference IPC7351 SOT89N);
All pads a minimum of 0.20 mm from all adjacent pads;
adjust as necessary to meet application process
requirements and PCB layout tolerances
Branding scale and appearance at supplier discretion
D
Hall element, not to scale
NNT
1
C
Standard Branding Reference View
= Supplier emblem
N = Last two digits of device part number
T = Temperature code
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
9
Chopper-Stabilized, Precision Hall-Effect Switch
A3240
Package UA, 3-Pin SIP
+0.08
4.09 –0.05
45°
B
C
E
2.06
1.52 ±0.05
1.45 E
Mold Ejector
Pin Indent
+0.08
3.02 –0.05
E
Branded
Face
45°
1
2.16
MAX
D Standard Branding Reference View
= Supplier emblem
N = Last two digits of device part number
T = Temperature code
0.79 REF
A
0.51
REF
NNT
1
2
3
+0.03
0.41 –0.06
15.75 ±0.51
For Reference Only; not for tooling use (reference DWG-9049)
Dimensions in millimeters
Dimensions exclusive of mold flash, gate burrs, and dambar protrusions
Exact case and lead configuration at supplier discretion within limits shown
A
Dambar removal protrusion (6X)
B Gate burr area
C Active Area Depth, 0.50 mm REF
+0.05
0.43 –0.07
D
Branding scale and appearance at supplier discretion
E
Hall element, not to scale
1.27 NOM
Copyright ©2000-2010, Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc. reserves the right to make, from time to time, such departures from the detail specifications as may be required to permit improvements in the performance, reliability, or manufacturability of its products. Before placing an order, the user is cautioned to verify that the
information being relied upon is current.
Allegro’s products are not to be used in life support devices or systems, if a failure of an Allegro product can reasonably be expected to cause the
failure of that life support device or system, or to affect the safety or effectiveness of that device or system.
The information included herein is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, Allegro MicroSystems, Inc. assumes no responsibility for its use;
nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use.
For the latest version of this document, visit our website:
www.allegromicro.com
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
10
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