A2918: Dual Full-Bridge PWM Motor Driver

Data Sheet
29319.24A
2918
DUAL FULL-BRIDGE
PWM MOTOR DRIVER
OUT1A
1
OUT2A
2
E2
3
OUT2B
4
5
SENSE 2
6
ENABLE2
7
PHASE2
8
RC2
9
For PWM current control, the maximum output current is
determined by the user’s selection of a reference voltage and sensing
resistor. A PHASE input to each bridge determines load current
direction. Active low ENABLE inputs control the four drivers in
each bridge.
2
LOAD SPLY
The A2918SWH and A2918SWV motor drivers are designed
to drive both windings of a bipolar stepper motor or bidirectionally
control two dc motors. All bridges are capable of sustaining 45 V and
include internal pulse-width modulation (PWM) control of the output
current to 1.5 A.
11
12
13
ENABLE1
14
16
OUT1B
17
E1
18
TSD
15
SENSE1
VREF
REFERENCE
PWM 1
RC1
PHASE1
The bridges include both ground clamp and flyback diodes for
protection against inductive transients. Internally generated delays
prevent cross-over currents when switching current direction.
Special power-up sequencing is not required. Thermal protection
circuitry disables the outputs if the chip temperature exceeds safe
operating limits.
1
LOGIC SPLY
VBB
10
VCC
GROUND
PWM 2
T
C
.
U
Y
L
D
N
O
n
g
O
R
i
s
P E de
C
D
w
E
N
e
E
U
n
N ER for
I
T
F
B
N
E
E
O
7
R
1
C
9
R
2
S
I
N
O
D F UD
— Use
Dwg. PP-051
The A2918SWH/V are supplied in an 18-lead power-tab package
with staggered lead forming. The tab is internally insulated from the
device and requires no external isolation. The A2918SWH/V are
available for operation from -40°C to +85°C. To order, change the
suffix from 'S–' to 'E–'. These devices are also available on special
order for operation to +125°C.
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
at TJ ≤ +150°C
FEATURES
Motor Supply Voltage, VBB . . . . . . . . . 45 V
Output Current, IOUT (tw≤20 µs) . . ±1.75 A
(Continuous) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ±1.5 A
Logic Supply Voltage, VCC . . . . . . . . . 7.0 V
Logic Input Voltage Range,
VIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.3 V to +7.0 V
Output Emitter Voltage, VE . . . . . . . . . 1.5 V
Package Power Dissipation,
PD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See Graph
Operating Temperature Range,
TA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -20°C to +85°C
Storage Temperature Range,
TS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40°C to +150°C
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Output current rating may be limited by duty cycle,
ambient temperature, and heat sinking. Under
any set of conditions, do not exceed the specified
peak current rating or a junction temperature of
+150°C.
Always order by complete part number:
±1.5 A Continuous Output Current
45 V Output Sustaining Voltage
Internal PWM Current Control
Low Output Saturation Voltage
Internal Clamp Diodes
Internal Thermal Shutdown Circuitry
Similar to Dual PBL3718 or Dual PBL3770
Part Number
Application
A2918SWH
For Horizontal Mount
A2918SWV
For Vertical Mount
2918
DUAL FULL-BRIDGE
PWM MOTOR DRIVER
17
LOAD
SUPPLY
5
2
4
OUT 2B
1
OUT 2A
11
OUT 1B
OUT 1A
LOGIC
SUPPLY
FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
VCC
TSD
PWM 1
PHASE 1 13
1
PWM 2
VBB
2
ENABLE1 14
CC
7
ENABLE2
6
RC
RS
9
CC
RC2
3
ONE SHOT
SENSE 2
10
–
+
E2
E1
RS
15
÷10
GROUND
CT
16 R
18
C
VREF
REFERENCE
RT
÷10
–
+
SENSE 1
RC1
12
PHASE 2
SOURCE
DISABLE
SOURCE
DISABLE
ONE SHOT
8
RT
CT
Dwg. FP-033
Phase
OutA
OutB
L
L
H
H
L
X
H
L
Z
L
H
Z
X = Don’t care
Z = High impedance
/W
°C
=9
Enable
8
R θJT
TRUTH TABLE
ALLOWABLE PACKAGE POWER DISSIPATION IN WATTS
10
6
4
R
θJA
2
=2
8°C
/W
0
25
50
75
100
TEMPERATURE IN °C
125
150
Dwg. GP-043
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
W
Copyright © 1991, 1993, Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
2918
DUAL FULL-BRIDGE
PWM MOTOR DRIVER
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS at TA = +25°C, VBB = 45 V, VCC = 4.75 V to 5.25 V,
VREF = 5.0 V (unless otherwise noted).
Limits
Characteristic
Symbol
Test Conditions
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
10
—
45
V
VOUT = VBB
—
<1.0
50
µA
VOUT = 0
—
<-1.0
-50
µA
Output Drivers (OUTA or OUTB)
Motor Supply Range
VBB
Output Leakage Current
ICEX
Output Sustaining Voltage
VCE(sus)
IOUT = ±1.5 A, L = 3.0 mH
45
—
—
V
Output Saturation Voltage
VCE(SAT)
Sink Driver, IOUT = +1.0 A
—
0.7
0.8
V
Sink Driver, IOUT = +1.5 A
—
0.9
1.1
V
Source Driver, IOUT = -1.0 A
—
1.8
2.0
V
Source Driver, IOUT = -1.5 A
—
1.9
2.2
V
Clamp Diode Leakage Current
IR
VR = 45 V
—
<1.0
50
µA
Clamp Diode Forward Voltage
VF
IF = 1.5 A
—
1.6
2.0
V
IBB(ON)
Both Bridges ON, No Load
—
12
15
mA
IBB(OFF)
Both Bridges OFF
—
8.0
10
mA
VIN(1)
All Inputs
2.4
—
—
V
VIN(0)
All Inputs
—
—
0.8
V
IIN(1)
VIN = 2.4 V
—
<1.0
20
µA
IIN(0)
VIN = 0.8 V
—
-3.0
-200
µA
VREF
Operating
1.5
—
VCC
V
At Trip Point
9.5
10
10.5
—
—
170
—
°C
Driver Supply Current
Control Logic
Input Voltage
Input Current
Reference Voltage Range
Current Limit Threshold
VREF/VSENSE
Thermal Shutdown Temp.
TJ
Total Logic Supply Current
ICC(ON)
VEN = 0.8 V, No Load
—
105
140
mA
ICC(OFF)
VEN = 2.4 V, No Load
—
10
12
mA
Negative current is defined as coming out of (sourcing) the specified device pin.
Typical Data is for design information only.
www.allegromicro.com
2918
DUAL FULL-BRIDGE
PWM MOTOR DRIVER
PWM OUTPUT CURRENT WAVEFORM
APPLICATIONS INFORMATION
PWM Current Control
The A2918SWH/V dual bridges are
designed to drive both windings of a bipolar stepper
motor. Output current is sensed and controlled
independently in each bridge by an external sense
resistor (RS), an internal comparator, and an internal
monostable multivibrator.
V PHASE
+
I OUT
0
When the bridge is turned ON, current increases
in the motor winding and it is sensed by RS until the
sense voltage (VSENSE) reaches the level set at the
comparator’s input:
–
I TRIP
td
ITRIP = VREF/10 RS
t off
Dwg. WM-003-1A
The comparator then triggers the monostable which
turns OFF the source driver of the bridge. The actual
load current peak will be slightly higher than the trip
point (especially for low-inductance loads) because of
internal logic and switching delays. This delay (td) is
2 µs typically. After turn-off, the motor current decays,
circulating through the ground clamp diode and sink
transistor. The source driver’s OFF time toff, and
therefore the magnitude of the current decrease, is
determined by the monostable’s external RC timing
components, where toff = RTCT within the range of 20
kΩ to 100 kΩ and 200 pF to 500 pF.
When the source driver is re-enabled, the winding
current (the sense voltage) again is allowed to rise to
the comparator’s threshold. This cycle repeats itself,
maintaining the average motor winding current at the
desired level.
Special circuitry has been included to prevent
runaway current control when toff is set too short.
This circuitry prevents the source driver from being
re-enabled until the load current has decayed to
below the ITRIP level.
Loads with high distributed capacitances may result
in high turn-ON current peaks. This peak, appearing
across RS, will attempt to trip the comparator, resulting
in possible erroneous current control or high-frequency
oscillations. An external RCCC low-pass filter may be
used to delay the action of the comparator, and thus
ignore turn-on spikes.
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
2918
DUAL FULL-BRIDGE
PWM MOTOR DRIVER
General
LOAD CURRENT PATHS
To avoid excessive voltage spikes on the
LOAD SUPPLY pin (VBB), a large-value
capacitor (≥47 µF) should be connected from
VBB to the ground pin as close as possible to
the device. Under no circumstances should
the voltage at VBB exceed 45 V.
V
BB
The PHASE input to each bridge
determines the direction motor winding
current flows. An internally generated
deadtime, of approximately 3 µs, prevents
crossover currents that can occur when
switching the PHASE input.
All four drivers in the bridge output can
be turned OFF, with VEN ≥ 2.4, resulting in
a fast current decay through the internal
ground clamp and flyback diodes. The fast
current decay is desirable in half-step and
high-speed applications. The ENABLE input
must be tied low if it is not used.
Varying the reference voltage (VREF)
provides continuous control of the peak load
current.
Thermal protection circuitry turns OFF all
drivers when the junction temperature
reaches approximately +170°C. It is
intended only to protect the device from
failures due to excessive junction
temperature and should not imply that output
short circuits are permitted. The output
drivers are re-enabled when the junction
temperature cools to approximately +145°C.
RS
BRIDGE ON
SOURCE OFF
ALL OFF
Dwg. EP-006-1
The products described here are manufactured in Japan by Sanken
Electric Co., Ltd. for sale by Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
Sanken Electric Co., Ltd. and Allegro MicroSystems, Inc. reserve the
right to make, from time to time, such departures from the detail
specifications as may be required to permit improvements in the
performance, reliability, or manufacturability of their products.
Therefore, the user is cautioned to verify that the information in this
publication is current before placing any order.
These products are not authorized for use as critical components in
life-support appliances, devices, or systems without express written
approval.
The information included herein is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, Sanken Electric Co., Ltd. and Allegro
MicroSystems, Inc. assume no responsibility for its use; nor for any
infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may
result from its use.
www.allegromicro.com
2918
DUAL FULL-BRIDGE
PWM MOTOR DRIVER
A2918SWH for horizontal mounting
Dimensions in Inches
(for reference only)
1.228
1.213
0.968
0.953
0.653
0.638
ø 0.131
0.120
0.196
0.182
0.637
0.623
0.397
0.382
18
1
0.070
0.063
0.126 x 0.150
0.519
0.504
0.141
0.095
0.022
0.204
0.158
0.091
0.083
1.240
1.225
0.086
0.040
0.260
0.213
0.318
0.272
0.033
0.022
0.066 ±0.016
Dwg. MP-006 in
Dimensions in Millimeters
(controlling dimensions)
31.2
30.8
5.0
4.6
24.6
24.2
∅ 3.35
3.05
16.6
16.2
16.2
15.8
10.1
9.7
18
1
1.8
1.6
3.2 x 3.8
13.2
12.8
5.2
4.0
2.3
2.1
31.5
31.1
6.6
5.4
8.1
6.9
0.85
0.55
3.6
0.57 2.4
0.54
2.2
1.0
1.68 ±0.4
NOTES: 1. Exact body and lead configuration at vendor’s option within limits shown.
2. Lead spacing tolerance is non-cumulative.
Dwg. MP-006 mm
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
2918
DUAL FULL-BRIDGE
PWM MOTOR DRIVER
A2918SWV for vertical mounting
Dimensions in Inches
(for reference only)
1.228
1.213
0.196
0.182
0.968
0.953
0.131
∅ 0.120
0.653
0.638
0.070
0.063
0.126 x 0.150
0.637
0.623
0.397
0.382
0.519
0.283
0.504
0.245
0.104
0.089
0.421
0.363
0.033
0.022
1
18
0.066 ±0.027
0.022
0.185
0.130
1.240
1.225
Dwg. MP-004 in
Dimensions in Millimeters
(controlling dimensions)
31.2
30.8
5.0
4.6
24.6
24.2
∅
3.35
3.05
16.6
16.2
1.8
1.6
3.2 x 3.8
16.2
15.8
10.1
9.7
13.2
12.8
7.2
6.2
2.65
2.25
10.7
9.2
0.85
0.55
1
18
1.68 ±0.7
0.57
0.54
4.7
3.3
31.5
31.1
Dwg. MP-004 mm
NOTES: 1. Exact body and lead configuration at vendor’s option within limits shown.
2. Lead spacing tolerance is non-cumulative.
www.allegromicro.com
2918
DUAL FULL-BRIDGE
PWM MOTOR DRIVER
MOTOR DRIVERS
Output Ratings*
Part Number†
INTEGRATED CIRCUITS FOR BRUSHLESS DC MOTORS
3-Phase Power MOSFET Controller
—
28 V
3933
3-Phase Power MOSFET Controller
—
50 V
3932
3-Phase Power MOSFET Controller
—
50 V
7600
2-Phase Hall-Effect Sensor/Driver
400 mA
26 V
3626
Bidirectional 3-Phase Back-EMF Controller/Driver
±600 mA
14 V
8906
2-Phase Hall-Effect Sensor/Driver
900 mA
14 V
3625
3-Phase Back-EMF Controller/Driver
±900 mA
14 V
8902–A
3-Phase Controller/Drivers
±2.0 A
45 V
2936 & 2936-120
INTEGRATED BRIDGE DRIVERS FOR DC AND BIPOLAR STEPPER MOTORS
Dual Full Bridge with Protection & Diagnostics
±500 mA
30 V
3976
PWM Current-Controlled Dual Full Bridge
±650 mA
30 V
3966
PWM Current-Controlled Dual Full Bridge
±650 mA
30 V
3968
PWM Current-Controlled Dual Full Bridge
±750 mA
45 V
2916
PWM Current-Controlled Dual Full Bridge
±750 mA
45 V
2919
PWM Current-Controlled Dual Full Bridge
±750 mA
45 V
6219
PWM Current-Controlled Dual Full Bridge
±800 mA
33 V
3964
PWM Current-Controlled Full Bridge
±1.3 A
50 V
3953
PWM Current-Controlled Dual Full Bridge
±1.5 A
45 V
2917
PWM Current-Controlled Microstepping Full Bridge
±1.5 A
50 V
3955
PWM Current-Controlled Microstepping Full Bridge
±1.5 A
50 V
3957
PWM Current-Controlled Dual DMOS Full Bridge
±1.5 A
50 V
3972
Dual Full-Bridge Driver
±2.0 A
50 V
2998
PWM Current-Controlled Full Bridge
±2.0 A
50 V
3952
DMOS Full Bridge PWM Driver
±2.0 A
50 V
3958
Dual DMOS Full Bridge
±2.5 A
50 V
3971
UNIPOLAR STEPPER MOTOR & OTHER DRIVERS
Voice-Coil Motor Driver
±500 mA
6V
8932–A
Voice-Coil Motor Driver
±800 mA
16 V
8958
Unipolar Stepper-Motor Quad Drivers
1A
46 V
7024 & 7029
Unipolar Microstepper-Motor Quad Driver
1.2 A
46 V
7042
Unipolar Stepper-Motor Translator/Driver
1.25 A
50 V
5804
Unipolar Stepper-Motor Quad Driver
1.8 A
50 V
2540
Unipolar Stepper-Motor Quad Driver
1.8 A
50 V
2544
Unipolar Stepper-Motor Quad Driver
3A
46 V
7026
Unipolar Microstepper-Motor Quad Driver
3A
46 V
7044
Function
* Current is maximum specified test condition, voltage is maximum rating. See specification for sustaining voltage limits or
over-current protection voltage limits. Negative current is defined as coming out of (sourcing) the output.
† Complete part number includes additional characters to indicate operating temperature range and package style.
Also, see 3175, 3177, 3235, and 3275 Hall-effect sensors for use with brushless dc motors.
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
Similar pages