A8283: LNB Supply and Control Voltage Regulator

A8283
LNB Supply and Control-Voltage Regulator
Discontinued Product
These parts are no longer in production The device should not be
purchased for new design applications. Samples are no longer available.
Date of status change: June 21, 2005
Recommended Substitutions:
For new customers or new applications, refer to the A8282.
NOTE: For detailed information on purchasing options, contact your
local Allegro field applications engineer or sales representative.
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc. reserves the right to make, from time to time, revisions to the anticipated product life cycle plan for a
product to accommodate changes in production capabilities, alternative product availabilities, or market demand. The information
included herein is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, Allegro MicroSystems, Inc. assumes no responsibility for its use; nor
for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use.
PRELIMINARY INFORMATION
LNB SUPPLY AND
CONTROL-VOLTAGE REGULATOR
(subject to change without notice)
June 18, 2002
A8283SLB
1
24
EXTM
OLF
2
23
VINT
VBULK
3
22
PUMPX
MIOUT
4
21
VPUMP
MI
5
20
CPUMP
GND
6
19
GND
GND
7
18
GND
SENSE
8
17
ENT
LNB
99
16
EN
LX
10
15
VSEL0
VIN
11
14
VSEL1
TCAP
12
13
LLC
CHARGE
PUMP
OSEL
REG.
VOLTAGE
CONTROL
BUCK
Intended for analog and digital satellite receivers, the low-noise block
converter regulator (LNBR) is a monolithic linear and switching voltage
regulator designed to provide power and interface signals to the LNB down
converter via the coaxial cable. If the device is in stand-by mode (EN terminal
LOW), the regulator output is disabled, allowing the antenna downconverters to
be supplied or controlled by other satellite receivers sharing the same coaxial
cable. Similar two-output LNB supply and control voltage regulators are the
A8284SB/SLB.
For slave operation in single-dish dual-receiver systems, the bypass
function is implemented by an electronic switch between the master input
terminal (MI) and the LNB terminal, leaving all LNB power and control
functions to the master receiver. This electronic switch is closed if the device
is powered, EN is HIGH, and OSEL is LOW.
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Supply Voltage, VIN .......................... 47 V
Output Current, IO ............................ 1.0 A
Logic Input Voltage Range,
VI ................................... -0.5 V to +7 V
Bypass Switch Current,
ISW ........................ Internally Limited
Flag Output Voltage, VOLF .................. 7 V
Operating Temperature Range,
TA ............................... -20°C to +85°C
Storage Temperature Range,
TS ............................. -40°C to +150°C
Y
R
O
T
C
A
F
The regulator outputs are set to 12, 13, 18, or 20 V by the VSEL terminals.
Additionally, it is possible to increase the selected voltage by 1 V to compensate for the voltage drop in the coaxial cable (LLC terminal HIGH). The
LNBR combines a tracking switching regulator and low-noise linear regulator.
Logic inputs (VSEL0, VSEL1, and LLC) select the desired output voltage. A
tracking current-mode buck converter provides the linear regulator with an
input voltage that is set to the output voltage plus typically 0.8 V. This maintains constant voltage drop across the linear regulator while permitting adequate voltage range for tone injection.
The device is supplied in a 24-pin plastic DIP with batwing tabs
(A8283SB), or a 24-lead SOIC power-tab package (A8283SLB). In both cases,
the power tab is at ground potential and needs no electrical isolation.
T
C
A
T
N
O
C
Dwg. PP-072A
Note that the A8283SB (dual in-line package)
and A8283SLB (small-outline IC package) are
electrically identical and share a common
terminal number assignment.
Data Sheet
27448.1
8283
FEATURES
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Short-Circuit Protected Bypass Function for Slave Operation
LNB Selection and Stand-By Function
Built-In Tone Oscillator Factory Trimmed to 22 kHz, Facilitates
DiSEqC™ (a trademark of EUTELSAT) Encoding
Full Modulation With No Load
Tracking Switch-Mode Power Converter for Lowest Dissipation
Externally Adjustable Short-Circuit Protection
LNB Short-Circuit Protection and Diagnostics
Auxiliary Modulation Input
Cable Length Compensation
Internal Over-Temperature Protection
This device incorporates features that have patents pending.
Always order by complete part number, e.g., A8283SLB .
8283
LNB SUPPLY AND
CONTROL-VOLTAGE REGULATOR
SENSE
LX
VIN
+
VBULK
RS
47 V
MAX
VPUMP
CPUMP
PUMPX
FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
MI
MIOUT
BOOST
VOLTAGE
CHARGE
PUMP
0
1
–
5V
176 kHz
–
BUCK
CONV.
OVERCURRENT
+
7V
VREF
+
352 kHz
÷2
–
150 mV
+
25 kΩ
–
+
ENT
800 mV
–
EN
VOLTAGE
REG.
+
VINT
LNB
÷8 &
WAVESHAPING
5 kΩ
22 kHz TONE
EXTM
TSD
5 kΩ
OLF
OVERCURRENT
REXTM
TCAP
LLC
VSEL1
VSEL0
OSEL
1 kΩ
Dwg. FP-051-1
Output Voltage Select Table
VSEL0
L
L
L
L
H
H
H
H
2
VSEL1
L
L
H
H
L
L
H
H
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
Copyright © 2002 Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
LLC
L
H
L
H
L
H
L
H
VLNB(typ)
13 V
14 V
18 V
19 V
12 V
13 V
20 V
21 V
8283
LNB SUPPLY AND
CONTROL-VOLTAGE REGULATOR
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS at TA = 70°C, ENT = L, EN = H, OSEL = H, LLC = L, IO = 50 mA
(unless otherwise noted).
Limits
Characteristic
Symbol
Supply Voltage
VIN
Output Voltage
VO
Load Regulation
Current-Limiting Threshold
∆VO
Test Conditions
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
IO = 500 mA, VSEL0 = L, VSEL1 = L, LLC = L
5.5 + VO
—
47
V
IO = 500 mA, VSEL0 = L, VSEL1 = L, LLC = L
12.5
13
13.8
V
IO = 500 mA, VSEL0 = L, VSEL1 = L, LLC = H
13.4
14
14.9
V
IO = 500 mA, VSEL0 = L, VSEL1 = H, LLC = L
17.3
18
18.7
V
IO = 500 mA, VSEL0 = L, VSEL1 = H, LLC = H
18.2
19
19.8
V
IO = 500 mA, VSEL0 = H, VSEL1 = L, LLC = L
11.5
12
12.8
V
IO = 500 mA, VSEL0 = H, VSEL1 = L, LLC = H
12.5
13
13.8
V
IO = 500 mA, VSEL0 = H, VSEL1 = H, LLC = L
19.2
20
20.8
V
IO = 500 mA, VSEL0 = H, VSEL1 = H, LLC = H
20.2
21
21.8
V
—
80
220
mV
125
145
160
mV
ENT = H
20
22
24
kHz
VO = 13 or 18 V, IO = 50 to 500 mA
VOM(th)
Tone Frequency
ftone
Tone Amplitude
Vtone(PP)
ENT = H, VO = 13 or 18 V, IO = 500 mA
400
680
800
mV
External Modulation
Output
Vmod(out)
ENT = L, IO = 500 mA, REXTM = 200 kΩ,
Vmod(PP) = 130 mV, f = 22 kHz
400
500
800
mV
Tone Duty Cycle
dctone
ENT = H
—
50
—
%
Tone Rise or Fall Time
t r, t f
ENT = H
—
10
—
µs
External Modulation Gain
Amod
REXTM = 200 kΩ, Vmod(PP) = 130 mV, f = 22 kHz
—
4.6
—
V/V
AC coupling
—
—
160
mV
f = 22 kHz
4.0
7.0
10
kΩ
External Modulation
Input Voltage
Vmod(PP)
External Modulation
Input Impedance
Zmod
continued next page ...
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3
8283
LNB SUPPLY AND
CONTROL-VOLTAGE REGULATOR
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS at TA = 25°C, ENT = L, EN = H, OSEL = H, LLC = L, VIN = 24 V,
VO = 13 V or 18 V, IO = 50 mA, REXTM = open (unless otherwise noted).
Limits
Characteristic
Symbol
Test Conditions
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
Overload Flag Logic Low
VOL
IOL = 8 mA
—
0.28
0.8
V
Overload Flag Leakage Current
IOZ
VOH = 6 V
—
<1.0
10
µA
Logic Input Voltage
VIL
—
—
0.8
V
VIH
2.0
—
—
V
Logic Input Current
Supply Current
Thermal Shutdown Temp.
Linear Regulator Voltage Drop
Switching Frequency
IIL
VIL = 0 V
—
<-1.0
-10
µA
IIH
VIH = 5 V
—
<1.0
10
µA
IIN
Output disabled (EN = L)
—
0.2
1.0
mA
Output enabled, ENT = H, IO = 0, VO = 13 V
—
7.5
15
mA
—
165
—
°C
—
0.8
—
V
16 x ftone
320
352
384
kHz
400
900
—
mA
—
0.15
—
V
TJ
∆VBUCK
fO
VBULK – VO
Bypass Switch Current Limit
IswM
OSEL = L
Bypass Switch Voltage Drop
(MI to LNB)
Vsw
OSEL = L, Isw = 300 mA
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
The ENT (Tone Enable) terminal activates the internal
tone signal, modulating the dc output with a ±0.3 V,
22 kHz symmetrical waveform. The internal oscillator is
factory-trimmed to provide a tone of 22 kHz ±2 kHz. No
further adjustment is required. The internal oscillator
operates the buck converter at 16 times the tone frequency.
To improve design flexibility and to allow implementation of proposed LNB remote control standards, an
analog modulation input terminal is available (EXTM).
An appropriate dc-blocking capacitor must be used to
couple the modulating signal source to the EXTM terminal. If external modulation is not used, the EXTM terminal should be decoupled with a 0.1 µF capacitor.
Burst coding of the 22 kHz tone can be accomplished
due to the fast response of the ENT input and rapid tone
response. This allows implementation of the DiSEqC™
protocols.
Applications that are required to deliver more than
400 mA and use the external modulation terminal should
be rebiased to increase the voltage drop across the linear
regulator. This will allow full modulation under all
conditions.
4
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
8283
LNB SUPPLY AND
CONTROL-VOLTAGE REGULATOR
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION (cont’d)
This can be accomplished by connecting a 200 kΩ
resistor from the external modulation terminal (24) to
ground. This will reduce the LNB output voltage by
typically 300 mV without effecting the VBULK voltage.
The output voltage can be restored to the programmed
value by connecting a 1 MΩ resistor from the VINT
terminal (23) to the TCAP terminal (12). This raises both
VBULK and VO by typically 300 mV.
Two terminals are dedicated to the over-current
protection/monitoring: SENSE and OLF. The LNB output
is current limited. The short-circuit protection threshold is
set by the value of an external resistor, RS, between
terminals 3 and 8. RS = VOM(th)/IOM where VOM(th) is the
current-limiting threshold voltage and IOM is the desired
current limit value. The minimum recommended value
for RS is 0.15 Ω.
The output linear regulator will sink and source
current. This feature allows full modulation capability
into capacitive loads as high as 0.25 µF.
In operation, the short-circuit protection produces
current fold-back at the input due to the tracking converter. If the output is shorted, the linear regulator will
limit the output current to IOM. The tracking converter
will maintain a constant voltage drop of 0.8 V across the
linear regulator. This condition results in typically
550 mW dissipation (IOM x 0.8 V). Short-circuit or
thermal-shutdown activation will cause the OLF terminal,
an open-drain diagnostic output flag, to go LOW.
The programmed output voltage rise and fall times
can be set by an internal 25 kΩ resistor and an external
capacitor located on the TCAP terminal. Typical values
are 0.0047 µF to 0.047 µF. This feature only affects the
turn on and programmed voltage rise and fall times.
Modulation is unaffected by the choice of TCAP.
Thermal resistance:
DIP
—
RθJA = 40°C/W, RθJT = 6°C/W, or
SOIC —
RθJA = 77°C/W, RθJT = 6°C/W.
The device junction temperature should be kept below
150°C. Thermal shut-down circuitry turns off the device
if junction temperature exceeds +165°C typically.
RθJA is measured on typical two-sided PCB with
minimal copper ground area. For the SOIC, adding
3.572 in copper ground area will reduce the thermal
resistance to 49°C/W. See Application Note 29501.5,
Improving Batwing Power Dissipation.
The products described here are manufactured under one or more
U.S. patents or U.S. patents pending.
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc. reserves the right to make, from time to
time, such departures from the detail specifications as may be
required to permit improvements in the performance, reliability, or
manufacturability of its products. Before placing an order, the user is
cautioned to verify that the information being relied upon is current.
Allegro products are not authorized for use as critical components
in life-support devices or systems without express written approval.
The information included herein is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, Allegro MicroSystems, Inc. assumes no responsibility for its use; nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of
third parties which may result from its use.
www.allegromicro.com
5
8283
LNB SUPPLY AND
CONTROL-VOLTAGE REGULATOR
TerminalConfiguration
Symbol
Function
OSEL
1
Logic input: selects between LNB on (when high) and
bypass switch closed (when low)
OLF
2
Overload flag output: low when IO > IOM or IO > ISWM or
TJ > 165°C, high when IO < IOM and IO < ISWM and TJ < 130°C
VBULK
3
Tracking supply voltage to linear regulators
MIOUT
4
Output voltage from MI (connect to terminal 9)
MI
5
Master input
GND
6
Terminal
6, 7
Ground
SENSE
8
Current limit setup resistor
LNB
9
Output voltage (VO) to LNB (connect to terminal 4)
LX
10
Inductor drive point
VIN
11
Supply input voltage (minimum, VLNB + 2.5 V)
TCAP
12
Capacitor for setting the rise and fall time of the outputs
LLC
13
Logic input: when high, increases output voltage by 1 V
for line length compensation
VSEL1
14
Logic input: output voltage select
VSEL0
15
Logic input: output voltage select
EN
16
Logic input: when high, enables device
ENT
17
Logic input: when high, enables internal 22 kHz
modulation
GND
18, 19
CPUMP
20
High side of charge-pump capacitor
VPUMP
21
Gate supply voltage for high-side drivers
PUMPX
22
Charge-pump drive
VINT
23
Bypass capacitor for internal voltage reference
EXTM
24
External modulation input
Ground
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
8283
LNB SUPPLY AND
CONTROL-VOLTAGE REGULATOR
A8283SB
Dimensions in Inches
(controlling dimensions)
24
0.014
0.008
13
NOTE 1
0.430
MAX
0.280
0.240
0.300
BSC
1
0.070
0.045
7
6
0.100
1.280
1.230
12
BSC
0.005
MIN
0.210
MAX
0.015
0.150
0.115
MIN
0.022
0.014
Dwg. MA-001-25A in
Dimensions in Millimeters
(for reference only)
24
0.355
0.204
13
NOTE 1
10.92
MAX
7.11
6.10
7.62
BSC
1
1.77
1.15
6
7
2.54
32.51
31.24
12
BSC
0.13
MIN
5.33
MAX
0.39
3.81
2.93
MIN
0.558
0.356
NOTES: 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Dwg. MA-001-25A mm
Webbed lead frame. Leads 6, 7, 18, and 19 are internally one piece.
Exact body and lead configuration at vendor’s option within limits shown.
Lead spacing tolerance is non-cumulative.
Lead thickness is measured at seating plane or below.
Supplied in standard sticks/tubes of 15 devices.
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7
8283
LNB SUPPLY AND
CONTROL-VOLTAGE REGULATOR
A8283SLB
Dimensions in Inches
(for reference only)
24
13
0.0125
0.0091
0.419
0.394
0.2992
0.2914
0.050
0.016
0.020
0.013
1
2
3
0.050
0.6141
0.5985
0° TO 8°
BSC
NOTE 1
NOTE 3
0.0926
0.1043
0.0040 MIN.
Dwg. MA-008-25A in
Dimensions in Millimeters
(controlling dimensions)
24
13
0.32
0.23
10.65
10.00
7.60
7.40
1.27
0.40
0.51
0.33
1
2
3
15.60
15.20
1.27
BSC
0° TO 8°
NOTE 1
NOTE 3
2.65
2.35
0.10 MIN.
NOTES: 1.
2.
3.
4.
8
Dwg. MA-008-25A mm
Exact body and lead configuration at vendor’s option within limits shown.
Lead spacing tolerance is non-cumulative.
Webbed lead frame. Leads 6, 7, 18, and 19 are internally one piece.
Supplied in standard sticks/tubes of 31 devices or add “TR” to part numbr for tape and reel.
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
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