Data Sheet

Freescale Semiconductor
Data Sheet: Technical Data
Document Number: MPXH6101A
Rev. 7.1, 06/2015
MPXH6101A, 15 to 102 kPa, Absolute,
Integrated Pressure Sensor
MPXH6101A
Freescale’s MPXH6101A manifold absolute pressure (MAP) sensor for engine
control is designed to sense absolute air pressure within the intake manifold. This
measurement can be used to compute the amount of fuel required for each
cylinder. The small form factor and high reliability of on-chip integration makes the
Freescale MAP sensor a logical and economical choice for automotive system
designers.
Super small outline package
MPXH6101A piezoresistive transducer is a state-of-the-art, monolithic, signal
conditioned, silicon pressure sensor. This sensor combines advanced
micromachining techniques, thin film metallization, and bipolar semiconductor
processing to provide an accurate, high level analog output signal that is
proportional to applied pressure.
MPXH6101A6U/6T1
Case 98ARH99066A
Features
Top view
•
1.72% maximum error over 0 °C to 85 °C
•
Specifically designed for intake manifold absolute pressure sensing in
engine control systems
•
Temperature compensated over -40 °C to +125 °C
•
Thermoplastic (PPS) surface mount package
Applications
•
Manifold sensing for automotive systems
•
Ideally suited for microprocessor or microcontroller-based system
•
Also ideal for non-automotive applications
DNC
5
4
VOUT
DNC
6
3
GND
DNC
7
2
VS
DNC
8
1
DNC
Pin 1 identification, chamfered corner
Pinout
Ordering Information
# of Ports
Part number
Shipping
Pressure type
Absolute
Device
marking
Package
None
Single
Dual
Gauge
Differential
Super Small Outline Package
MPXH6101A6U
MPXH6101A6T1
Rails
98ARH99066A
•
•
MPXH6101A
Tape and Reel 98ARH99066A
•
•
MPXH6101A
Freescale reserves the right to change the detail specifications as may be required to permit
improvements in the design of its products.
© 2006, 2008, 2009, 2015 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All rights reserved.
Contents
1
2
3
4
5
General Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.1 Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.1
.......................................................................................... 3
1.2 Pinout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Mechanical and Electrical Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.1 Maximum ratings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.2 Operating characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
On-Chip Temperature Compensation and Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Package Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
4.1 Pressure (P1)/Vacuum (P2) Side Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
4.2 Minimum recommended footprint for surface mounted applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
4.3 Package dimensions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Revision History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Related Documentation
The MPXH6101A device features and operations are described in a variety of reference manuals, user guides, and application
notes. To find the most-current versions of these documents:
1.
Go to the Freescale homepage at:
http://www.freescale.com/
2.
3.
In the Keyword search box at the top of the page, enter the device number MPXH6101A.
In the Refine Your Result pane on the left, click on the Documentation link.
MPXH6101A
Sensors
Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
2
1
General Description
1.1
Block diagram
Figure 1 shows a block diagram of the internal circuitry integrated on a pressure sensor chip.
VS
Thin Film
Temperature
Compensation
and
Gain Stage #1
Sensing
Element
Gain Stage #2
and
Ground
Reference
Shift Circuitry
VOUT
Pins 1, 5, 6, 7, and 8 are internal device connections.
Do
. not connect to external circuitry or ground.
GND
Figure 1. Fully integrated pressure sensor schematic
1.2
Pinout
DNC
5
4
VOUT
DNC
6
3
GND
DNC
7
2
VS
DNC
8
1
DNC
Pin 1 identification, chamfered corner
Figure 2. Device pinout (top view)
Table 1. Pin functions
Pin
Name
1
DNC
Function
Do not connect to external circuitry or ground. Pin 1 is denoted by chamfered corner.
2
VS
3
GND
4
VOUT
Output voltage
5
DNC
Do not connect to external circuitry or ground.
6
DNC
Do not connect to external circuitry or ground.
7
DNC
Do not connect to external circuitry or ground.
8
DNC
Do not connect to external circuitry or ground.
Voltage supply
Ground
MPXH6101A
Sensors
Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
3
2
Mechanical and Electrical Specifications
2.1
Maximum ratings
Table 2. Maximum ratings(1)
Symbol
Value
Unit
Maximum pressure (P1 > P2)
Rating
PMAX
400
kPa
Storage temperature
TSTG
-40 to +125
°C
TA
-40 to +125
°C
Operating temperature
1. Exposure beyond the specified limits may cause permanent damage or degradation to the device.
2.2
Operating characteristics
Table 3. Operating characteristics (VS = 5.0 Vdc, TA = 25 °C unless otherwise noted, P1 > P2. Decoupling circuit shown in
Figure 4 is required to meet electrical specifications.)
Characteristic
Pressure range
(1)
Supply voltage(2)
Supply current
Minimum pressure offset(3) (0 to 85 °C)
Full-scale output
(4)
(0 to 85 °C)
Full-scale span(5) (0 to 85 °C)
(6)
Symbol
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
POP
15
—
102
kPa
VS
4.75
5
5.25
Vdc
Io
—
7.0
10
mAdc
Voff
0.168
0.247
0.326
Vdc
VFSO
4.775
4.854
4.933
Vdc
VFSS
4.448
4.607
4.765
Vdc
—
—
—
±1.72
%VFSS
V/P
—
52.950
—
mV/kPa
Response time(7)
tR
—
15
—
ms
Output source current at full-scale output
Io+
—
0.1
—
mAdc
Warm-up time(8)
—
—
20
—
ms
Offset stability(9)
—
—
±0.5
—
%VFSS
Accuracy
(0 to 85 °C)
Sensitivity
1. 1.0 kPa (kilopascal) equals 0.145 psi.
2. Device is ratiometric within this specified excitation range.
3. Offset (Voff) is defined as the output voltage at the minimum rated pressure.
4. Full-scale output (VFSO) is defined as the output voltage at the maximum or full rated pressure.
5. Full-scale span (VFSS) is defined as the algebraic difference between the output voltage at full rated pressure and the output voltage at the
minimum rated pressure.
6. Accuracy (error budget) consists of the following:
Linearity:
Temperature hysteresis:
Pressure hysteresis:
TcSpan:
TcOffset:
Variation from nominal:
Output deviation from a straight line relationship with pressure over the specified pressure range.
Output deviation at any temperature within the operating temperature range, after the temperature is cycled to
and from the minimum or maximum operating temperature points, with zero differential pressure applied.
Output deviation at any pressure within the specified range, when this pressure is cycled to and from the
minimum or maximum rated pressure, at 25 °C.
Output deviation over the temperature range of 0 to 85 °C, relative to 25 °C.
Output deviation with minimum rated pressure applied, over the temperature range of 0 to 85 °C, relative to
25 °C.
The variation from nominal values, for offset or full-scale span, as a percent of VFSS, at 25 °C.
7. Response time is defined as the time for the incremental change in the output to go from 10% to 90% of its final value when subjected to a
specified step change in pressure.
8. Warm-up time is defined as the time required for the product to meet the specified output voltage after the pressure has been stabilized.
9. Offset stability is the product's output deviation when subjected to 1000 hours of pulsed pressure, temperature cycling with bias test.
MPXH6101A
4
Sensors
Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
3
On-Chip Temperature Compensation and Calibration
Figure 3 illustrates an absolute sensing chip in the super small outline package (case 98ARH99066A).
Figure 5 shows the sensor output signal relative to pressure input. Typical, minimum, and maximum output curves are shown for
operation over a temperature range of 0 °C to 85 °C. The output will saturate outside of the specified pressure range.
A fluorosilicone gel isolates the die surface and wire bonds from the environment, while allowing the pressure signal to be
transmitted to the sensor diaphragm. The MPXH6101A pressure sensor operating characteristics, and internal reliability and
qualification tests are based on use of dry air as the pressure media. Media, other than dry air, may have adverse effects on
sensor performance and long-term reliability. Contact the factory for information regarding media compatibility in your application.
Figure 4 shows the recommended decoupling circuit for interfacing the output of the integrated sensor to the A/D input of a
microprocessor or microcontroller. Proper decoupling of the power supply is recommended.
Die
Fluorosilicone
Gel Die Coat
Stainless
Steel Cap
P1
Thermoplastic Case
Wire Bond
Lead Frame
Absolute Element
Sealed Vacuum Reference
Die Bond
Figure 3. Cross-sectional diagram SSOP (not to scale)
+5 V
VS
to ADC
VOUT
100 nF
47 pF
GND
51 K
Figure 4. Recommended power supply decoupling and output filtering
5.0
4.5
4.0
Output (Volts)
3.5
3.0
2.5
Transfer Function:
VOUT = VS* (0.01059*P - 0.10941) ± Error
VS = 5.0 Vdc
Temperature = 0 to 85°C
15 kPa to 102 kPa
MPXH6101A
TYP
2.0
1.5
1.0
MAX
MIN
0.5
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
0
Pressure (ref: to sealed vacuum) in kPa
Figure 5. Output versus absolute pressure
MPXH6101A
Sensors
Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
5
4
Package Information
4.1
Pressure (P1)/Vacuum (P2) Side Identification
Freescale designates the two sides of the pressure sensor as the pressure (P1) side and the vacuum (P2) side. The pressure
(P1) side is the side containing fluorosilicone gel which protects the die from harsh media. The pressure sensor is designed to
operate with positive differential pressure applied, P1 > P2.
The pressure (P1) side may be identified by using the following table:
Table 4. Pressure (P1)/vacuum (P2) side identification
Part number
Package
MPXH6101A6U/T1
4.2
98ARH99066A
Pressure (P1) side identifier
Stainless steel cap
Minimum recommended footprint for surface mounted applications
Surface mount board layout is a critical portion of the total design. The footprint for the surface mount packages must be the
correct size to ensure proper solder connection interface between the board and the package. With the correct footprint, the
packages will self-align when subjected to a solder reflow process. It is always recommended to design boards with a solder
mask layer to avoid bridging and shorting between solder pads.
0.050
1.27
TYP
0.387
9.83
0.150
3.81
0.027 TYP 8X
0.69
0.053 TYP 8X
1.35
inch
mm
Figure 6. SSOP footprint (case 98ARH99066A)
MPXH6101A
6
Sensors
Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
4.3
Package dimensions
This drawing is located at http://cache.freescale.com/files/shared/doc/package_info/98ARH99066A.pdf.
Case 98ARH99066A, 8-lead super small outline package
MPXH6101A
Sensors
Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
7
Case 98ARH99066A, 8-lead super small outline package
MPXH6101A
8
Sensors
Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Case 98ARH99066A, 8-lead super small outline package
MPXH6101A
Sensors
Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
9
5
Revision History
Table 5. Revision history
Revision
number
7.1
Revision
date
06/2015
Description
•
•
•
•
Updated format.
Corrected pressure range from 105 kPa to 102 kPa.
Deleted part numbers MPXH6101AC6U and MPXH6101AC6T1 and all pertaining information.
Section 2: Table 2. Updated max value for Pressure range and Supply voltage. Removed VS range in
Characteristic column and updated Min, Typ and Max values for Minimum pressure offset, Full-scale output and
Full-scale span rows.
• Updated package drawing with current version.
MPXH6101A
10
Sensors
Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
How to Reach Us:
Information in this document is provided solely to enable system and software
Home Page:
freescale.com
implementers to use Freescale products. There are no express or implied copyright
Web Support:
freescale.com/support
information in this document.
licenses granted hereunder to design or fabricate any integrated circuits based on the
Freescale reserves the right to make changes without further notice to any products
herein. Freescale makes no warranty, representation, or guarantee regarding the
suitability of its products for any particular purpose, nor does Freescale assume any
liability arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit, and specifically
disclaims any and all liability, including without limitation consequential or incidental
damages. “Typical” parameters that may be provided in Freescale data sheets and/or
specifications can and do vary in different applications, and actual performance may
vary over time. All operating parameters, including “typicals,” must be validated for each
customer application by customer’s technical experts. Freescale does not convey any
license under its patent rights nor the rights of others. Freescale sells products pursuant
to standard terms and conditions of sale, which can be found at the following address:
freescale.com/salestermsandconditions.
Freescale and the Freescale logo are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.,
Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. All other product or service names are the property of their
respective owners.
© 2006, 2008, 2009, 2015 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
Document Number: MPXH6101A
Rev. 7.1
06/2015
Similar pages