DN552 - Inverting Regulator Takes Inputs Up to 50V and Supports Outputs to 4A

Inverting Regulator Takes Inputs Up to 50V and Supports
Outputs to 4A
Design Note 552
Victor Khasiev
Introduction
Positive-to-negative DC/DC conversion (inverting
output) is widely used in LCD devices, OLED displays,
audio amplifiers, industrial equipment, measurement
tools, test systems, LED drivers and battery chargers.
In all of these cases, the inverting converter must be
compact, support high power and accommodate an
extended input voltage range. The LTC ®7149 satisfies
all of these requirements. Its integrated 4A switches
and wide 3.4V to 60V input voltage range exceed the
requirements of the most demanding applications,
including those in automotive environments.
Circuit Description and Functionality
Figure 1 shows a positive-to-negative converter based
on the LTC7149. This solution delivers –10V at 2A
from an input voltage of 12V—an automotive rail, for
511Ω
ITH
10nF
LTC7149EFE
ISET
MODE/SYNC
RSET
200k
VIN
332k
1M
20Ω
100Ω
137k
RUN
PGOOD
RT
PGDFB
GND
VOUTSNS
VOUT–
VOUT–
SVOUT–
INTVCC
VINREG
VIN
VIN
SW
SW
SW
SW
SW
SW
SW
BOOST
EXTVCC
VOUT–
CIN2
10µF
+
VIN
CIN1 4V TO 50V
10µF
63V
2.6
2.4
2.2
L1
10µH
0.1µF
10Ω
CIN1: SUN ELECT., 63CE10KX
CIN2: MURATA, GRM32ER71J106KA2L
COUT: TDK, C4532X7R1E226M250KC
L1: COILCRAFT, SER1360-103KL
COUT
22µF
×3
2.0
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
DN552 F01
Figure 1. LTC7149, Positive-to-Negative Converter
(VIN: 4V – 50V, VOUT: –10V at 2A)
07/16/552
The circuit of Figure 1 uses external loop compensation. Connecting ITH to INTVCC allows internal compensation to be used, as shown in Figure 3. Tying the
L, LT, LTC, LTM, Linear Technology, Burst Mode and the Linear logo are
registered trademarks of Linear Technology Corporation. All other trademarks
are the property of their respective owners.
2.2µF
100pF
In automotive applications, the LTC7149’s ability to
handle high voltage inputs eliminates the need for
costly voltage suppressors. The very low minimum
input voltage keeps sensitive systems operational even
during cold crank conditions. Guidelines for calculating
voltage and current stress on the components around
the LTC7149 are detailed in the LTC7149 data sheet.
As an example, derating of the output current at input
voltages below 12V is shown in Figure 2.
LOAD CURRENT (A)
4.7nF
instance. The power train components were selected
for a nominal 12V input, but with proper derating, the
input voltage of this application can be as low as 4V
or as high as 50V.
VOUT–
–10V
2A
1.0
4
6
8
10
12
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
14
16
DN552 F02
Figure 2. Output Current Derating vs
Input Voltage for Figure 1
MODE/SYNC to GND activates Burst Mode® operation.
Synchronization pulses referenced to GND can be applied to this pin if needed. Efficiency of this solution
reaches 94%.
Voltage Controlled Variable Negative Output Circuit
A significant number of applications require on-the-fly
changes to the negative bias, including LCD, OLED
monitors and test equipment systems. The LTC7149
includes features to simplify this task.
Figure 3 shows a negative voltage source, where the
negative output is controlled by a positive signal voltage. The positive control voltage, referenced to GND, is
applied to the VOUTSNS pin. In Figure 3, this is VCTRL,
in the range of 0V to 5V. The resulting negative output
voltage VOUT– is determined by:
VOUT– = –50µA • RSET + VCTRL
10nF
Figure 4 shows VOUT– as a function of VCTRL. Figure 5
illustrates the broad application potential of this approach as the VCTRL voltage is shaped as a sine wave
with a 2.5V amplitude.
Conclusion
The LTC7149 is a high efficiency 50V, 4A synchronous monolithic regulator for negative output power
supplies. It combines wide input and output voltage
ranges and integrated switching transistors, which
simplify the converter design. The solutions and circuitry discussed in this design note can assist with
the implementation of this regulator in automotive and
industrial applications, display and monitor systems.
2.2µF
LTC7149EFE
INTVCC
VINREG
ISET
VIN
VIN
MODE/SYNC
ITH
VIN
332k
20Ω
VCTRL
RF
0V TO 5V 100Ω
CF
0.1µF
RP
10k
OPT
RUN
PGOOD
RT
PGDFB
GND
VOUTSNS
VOUT–
VOUT–
SVOUT–
SW
SW
SW
SW
SW
SW
SW
BOOST
EXTVCC
VOUT–
–12
CIN2
10µF
+
CIN1
10µF
63V
VIN
4V TO 50V
–8
L1
10µH
0.1µF
10Ω
–6
–4
COUT
22µF
×3
–2
0
DN552 F03
VOUT–
–5V TO –10V
AT 2A
Figure 3. Positive-to-Negative Converter
with Variable VOUT– from –5V to –10V
VCTRL
5V/DIV
–10
VOUT– (V)
RSET
200k
+
–
The lowpass filter RF/CF provides noise suppression.
The VOUTSNS pin cannot be left floating under any circumstances—some voltage potential must be present
on this pin at all times. If this requirement cannot be
met, for example during system testing, then resistor
RP should be installed.
0
1
3
2
VCTRL (V)
4
5
DN552 F04
Figure 4. Variable Negative Output
VOUT– as a Linear Function of VCTRL
GND
VOUT–
2V/DIV
500ms/DIV
Figure 5. Variable Negative Output VOUT– Following the Sine Waveform on VCTRL
Data Sheet Download
www.linear.com/LTC7149
Linear Technology Corporation
For applications help,
call (408) 432-1900, Ext. 3161
dn552f LT/AP 0716 111K • PRINTED IN THE USA
1630 McCarthy Blvd., Milpitas, CA 95035-7417
(408) 432-1900
●
FAX: (408) 434-0507 ● www.linear.com
 LINEAR TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION 2016
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