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IL485
Isolated RS485 Interface
Functional Diagram
Features
DE
•
•
•
•
•
•
ISODE
D
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
A
B
R
RE
IL485
VID (A−B)
DE
RE
ISODE
R
D
Mode
≥ 200 mV
L
L
L
H
X
Receive
≤−200 mV
L
L
L
L
X
Receive
−7<VID<12
X
H
X
Z
X
Receive/Drive
≥ 1.5 V
H
L
H
H
H
Drive
≤−1.5 V
H
L
H
L
L
Drive
Open
L
L
L
H
X
Indeterminate
H = High Level, L = Low Level
X = Irrelevant, Z = High Impedance
3.3 V Input Supply Compatible
2500 VRMS Isolation (1 min.)
25 ns Maximum Propagation Delay
35 Mbps Data Rate
1 ns Pulse Skew (typ.)
Designed for Multi-point Transmission
on Long Bus Lines in Noisy Environments
±60 mA Driver Output Capability
Thermal Shutdown Protection
Meets or Exceeds ANSI RS-485 and ISO 8482:1987(E)
−40°C to +85°C Temperature Range
PROFIBUS International Component Recognition
16-Pin SOIC Package
UL1577 and IEC 61010-2001 Approval
Applications
• Profibus/RS485 Systems
• Multiple Data Point Transmission
Description
The IL485 is a galvanically isolated, high-speed differential bus
transceiver, designed for bidirectional data communication on
balanced transmission lines. The devices use NVE’s patented*
IsoLoop spintronic Giant Magnetoresistance (GMR) technology. The
IL485 is the first isolated RS-485 interface in a standard 16-pin
SOIC package that meets the ANSI Standards EIA/TIA-422-B and
RS-485 and is compatible with 3.3V input supplies.
The IL485 has current limiting and thermal shutdown features to
protect against output short circuits and bus contention situations that
could cause excessive power dissipation.
With 1 ns pulse skew and 16 ns propagation delay, the IL485 is ideal
for PROFIBUS applications.
Isoloop is a registered trademark of NVE Corporation.
*U.S. Patent number 5,831,426; 6,300,617 and others.
NVE Corporation
11409 Valley View Road, Eden Prairie, MN 55344-3617
REV. Q
Phone: (952) 829-9217
Fax: (952) 829-9189
www.IsoLoop.com
©2008 NVE Corporation
IL485
Absolute Maximum Ratings(11)
Parameters
Storage Temperature
Ambient Operating Temperature
Voltage Range at A or B Bus Pins
Supply Voltage (1)
Digital Input Voltage
Digital Output Voltage
Symbol
TS
TA
VDD1, VDD2
Min.
−65
−40
−7
−0.5
−0.5
−0.5
Typ.
Continuous Total Power Dissipation
Maximum Output Current
Lead Solder Temperature
ESD
IO
Max.
150
100
12
7
VDD + 0.5
VDD + 1
725
377
95
260
Units
°C
°C
V
V
V
V
Max.
5.5
5.5
12
−7
Units
VDD1
V
0.8
+12/−7
60
V
V
mA
8
mA
25°C
85°C
mW
mA
°C
kV
2
Test Conditions
10 sec.
HBM
Recommended Operating Conditions
Parameters
Input Voltage at any Bus Terminal
(separately or common mode)
Symbol
VDD1
VDD2
VI
VIC
High-Level Digital Input Voltage
VIH
Low-Level Digital Input Voltage
Differential Input Voltage (2)
High-Level Output Current (Driver)
High-Level Digital Output Current
(Receiver)
Low-Level Output Current (Driver)
Low-Level Digital Output Current
(Receiver)
Ambient Operating Temperature
Transient Immunity
Digital Input Signal
Rise and Fall Times
VIL
VID
IOH
Supply Voltage
Min.
3.0
4.5
Typ.
2.4
3.0
0
IOH
V
V
IOL
−60
mA
IOL
−8
mA
TA
−40
20
85
tIR,tIF
Test Conditions
VDD1 = 3.3 V
VDD1 = 5.0 V
°C
kV/μs
DC Stable
Insulation Specifications
Parameters
Creepage Distance
Barrier Impedance
Leakage Current
Symbol
Min.
8.08
Typ.
Max.
>1014||7
0.2
Units
μA
Test Conditions
mm
Ω || pF
240 VRMS, 60 Hz
Safety and Approvals
IEC61010-1
TUV Certificate Numbers:
N1502812, N1502812-101
Classification: Reinforced Insulation
Model
IL485
Package
0.3" SOIC
Pollution Degree
II
Material Group
III
Max. Working Voltage
300 VRMS
UL 1577
Component Recognition Program File Number: E207481
Rated 2500VRMS for 1 minute
Soldering Profile
Per JEDEC J-STD-020C, MSL=2
2
NVE Corporation
11409 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344-3617 USA
Telephone: (952) 829-9217
Fax (952) 829-9189
Internet: www.isoloop.com
IL485
IL485 Pin Connections
1
VDD1
Input Power Supply
2
GND1
Input Power Supply Ground Return
3
R
4
RE
Read Data Enable
(if RE is high, R = high impedance)
VDD1
VDD2
5
DE
Drive Enable
GND1
GND2
6
D
7
NC
8
GND1
Input Power Supply Ground Return
9
GND2
Output Power Supply Ground Return
10
ISODE
Isolated DE Output for use in Profibus
applications where the state of the isolated
drive enable node needs to be monitored
11
NC
No Internal Connection
12
A
Non-inverting Bus Line
13
B
Inverting Bus Line
14
NC
15
GND2
Output Power Supply Ground Return.
16
VDD2
Output Power Supply
Output Data from Bus
Data Input to Bus
R
NC
No Internal Connection
RE
B
DE
A
NC
D
ISODE
NC
GND2
GND1
No Internal Connection
3
NVE Corporation
11409 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344-3617 USA
Telephone: (952) 829-9217
Fax (952) 829-9189
Internet: www.isoloop.com
IL485
Driver Section
Electrical Specifications are Tmin to Tmax and VDD = 4.5 V to 5.5 V, unless otherwise stated.
Parameters
Symbol
Min.
Typ.(5)
Input Clamp Voltage
VIK
Output voltage
VO
0
Differential Output Voltage(2)
|VOD1|
1.5
Differential Output Voltage(2)
|VOD2|
1.5
2.5
Differential Output Voltage(2)(6)
VOD3
1.5
Change in Magnitude of Differential
Δ|VOD|
Output Voltage(7)
Max.
−1.5
6
6
5
5
Units
V
V
V
V
V
±0.2
V
RL = 54 Ω or 100 Ω
VOC
3
−1
V
RL = 54 Ω or 100 Ω
Change in Magnitude of Common
Mode Output Voltage(7)
Δ|VOC|
±0.2
V
RL = 54 Ω or 100 Ω
Output Current(4) Output Disabled
IO
High Level Input Current
Low Level Input Current
IIH
IIL
Short-circuit Output Current
IOS
Common Mode Output Voltage
Supply Current
VDD1 = +5 V
VDD1 = +3.3 V
Parameters
Maximum Data Rate
Differential Output Prop Delay
Pulse Skew(10)
Differential Output Rise & Fall Time
Output Enable Time To High Level
Output Enable Time To Low Level
Output Disable Time From High Level
Output Disable Time From Low Level
Skew Limit(3)
IDD1
IDD1
Symbol
tD(OD)
tS(P)
tT(OD)
tPZH
tPZL
tPHZ
tPLZ
tSK(LIM)
4
3
Switching Specifications
Min.
Typ.(5)
35
16
1
8
31
22
28
16
2
1
−0.8
10
−10
250
−150
−250
6
4
Max.
25
6
10
65
35
50
32
12
Test Conditions
IL = −18 mA
IO = 0
IO = 0
RL = 54 Ω, VDD = 5 V
RL = 54 Ω, VDD = 4.5 V
VO = 12 V
VO = −7 V
VI = 3.5 V
VI = 0.4 V
VO = −6 V
VO = 0 V
VO = 8 V
No Load
(Outputs Enabled)
mA
μA
μA
mA
mA
Units
Mbps
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
Test Conditions
RL = 54 Ω, CL = 50 pF
RL = 54 Ω, CL = 50 pF
RL = 54 Ω, CL = 50 pF
RL = 54 Ω, CL = 50 pF
RL = 54 Ω, CL = 50 pF
RL = 54 Ω, CL = 50 pF
RL = 54 Ω, CL = 50 pF
RL = 54 Ω, CL = 50 pF
RL = 54 Ω, CL = 50 pF
Notes (apply to both driver and receiver sections):
1.
All voltage values are with respect to network ground except differential I/O bus voltages.
2.
Differential input/output voltage is measured at the noninverting terminal A with respect to the inverting terminal B.
3.
Skew limit is the maximum propagation delay difference between any two devices at 25°C.
4.
The power-off measurement in ANSI Standard EIA/TIA-422-B applies to disabled outputs only and
is not applied to combined inputs and outputs.
5.
All typical values are at VDD1,VDD2 = 5 V or VDD1= 3.3 V and TA = 25°C.
6.
The minimum VOD2 with a 100 Ω load is either ½ VOD1 or 2 V, whichever is greater.
7.
Δ|VOD| and Δ|VOC| are the changes in magnitude of VOD and VOC, respectively,
that occur when the input is changed form one logic state to the other.
8.
This applies for both power on and power off, refer to ANSI standard RS-485 for exact condition.
The EIA/TIA-422-B limit does not apply for a combined driver and receiver terminal.
9.
Includes 8 ns read enable time. Maximum propagation delay is 25 ns after read assertion.
10. Pulse skew is defined as |tPLH − tPHL| of each channel.
11. The relevant test and measurement methods are given in the Electromagnetic Compatibility section on p. 6.
12. External magnetic field immunity is improved by this factor if the field direction is “end-to-end” rather than to “pin-to-pin” (see diagram on p. 6).
4
NVE Corporation
11409 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344-3617 USA
Telephone: (952) 829-9217
Fax (952) 829-9189
Internet: www.isoloop.com
IL485
Receiver Section
Electrical Specifications are Tmin to Tmax and VDD = 4.5 V to 5.5 V, unless otherwise stated.
Parameters
Symbol
Min.
Typ.(5)
Positive-going Input
VIT+
Threshold Voltage
Negative-going Input
VIT−0.2
Threshold Voltage
Hysteresis Voltage (VIT+ − VIT-)
VHYS
60
Max.
Units
0.2
V
V
mV
VDD − 0.2
High Level Digital Output Voltage
VOH
Low Level Digital Output Voltage
VOL
0.2
V
High-impedance-state output current
IOZ
μA
Line Input Current(8)
II
±20
1
−0.8
Input Resistance
rI
Supply Current
IDD2
12
V
20
27
Switching Characteristics at 5 V
Min.
Typ.(5)
35
mA
34
mA
Max.
Units
Mbps
Symbol
Propagation Delay(2, 9)
tPD
24
32
ns
tSK(P)
1
6
ns
8
24
45
45
27
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
Max.
Units
Mbps
(3)
Skew Limit
Output Enable Time To High Level
Output Enable Time To Low Level
Output Disable Time From High Level
Output Disable Time From Low Level
Parameters
Maximum Data Rate
Propagation Delay(2, 9)
Pulse Skew(2, 10)
(3)
Skew Limit
Output Enable Time to High Level
Output Enable Time to Low Level
Output Disable Time from High Level
Output Disable Time from Low Level
tSK(LIM)
2
tPZH
17
tPZL
30
tPHZ
30
tPLZ
18
Switching Characteristics at 3.3 V
Symbol
Min.
Typ.(5)
35
VID = 200 mV
IOH = −20 μA
VID = −200 mV
IOH = 20 μA
VO = 0.4 to (VDD2−0.5) V
VI = 12 V
VI = −7 V
Other Input(11) = 0 V
kΩ
Parameters
Maximum Data Rate
Pulse Skew(2, 10)
Test Conditions
VO = 2.7 V,
IO = −0.4 mA
VO = 0.5 V,
IO = 8 mA
tPD
27
32
ns
tSK(P)
2
6
ns
tSK(LIM)
tPZH
tPZL
tPHZ
tPLZ
4
20
33
33
20
8
24
45
45
27
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
No load
Outputs Enabled
Test Conditions
RL = 54 Ω, CL = 50 pF
VO = −1.5 V to 1.5 V,
CL = 15 pF
VO = −1.5 V to 1.5 V,
CL = 15 pF
RL = 54 Ω, CL = 50 pF
CL = 15 pF
CL = 15 pF
CL = 15 pF
CL = 15 pF
Test Conditions
RL = 54 Ω, CL = 50 pF
VO = −1.5 V to 1.5 V,
CL = 15 pF
VO = −1.5 V to 1.5 V,
CL = 15 pF
RL = 54 Ω, CL = 50 pF
CL = 15 pF
CL = 15 pF
CL = 15 pF
CL = 15 pF
Magnetic Field Immunity(11)
Power Frequency Magnetic Immunity
Pulse Magnetic Field Immunity
Damped Oscillatory Magnetic Field
Cross-axis Immunity Multiplier(12)
HPF
HPM
HOSC
KX
Power Frequency Magnetic Immunity
Pulse Magnetic Field Immunity
Damped Oscillatory Magnetic Field
Cross-axis Immunity Multiplier(12)
HPF
HPM
HOSC
KX
Magnetic Field Immunity at 5 V
2800
3500
4000
4500
4000
4500
2.5
Magnetic Field Immunity at 3.3 V
1000
1500
1800
2000
1800
2000
2.5
A/m
A/m
A/m
50Hz/60Hz
tp = 8µs
0.1Hz – 1MHz
A/m
A/m
A/m
50Hz/60Hz
tp = 8µs
0.1Hz – 1MHz
5
NVE Corporation
11409 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344-3617 USA
Telephone: (952) 829-9217
Fax (952) 829-9189
Internet: www.isoloop.com
IL485
Application Information
Electrostatic Discharge Sensitivity
Dynamic Power Consumption
This product has been tested for electrostatic sensitivity to the
limits stated in the specifications. However, NVE recommends that
all integrated circuits be handled with appropriate care to avoid
damage. Damage caused by inappropriate handling or storage could
range from performance degradation to complete failure.
IsoLoop Isolators achieve their low power consumption from the
way they transmit data across the isolation barrier. By detecting the
edge transitions of the input logic signal and converting these to
narrow current pulses, a magnetic field is created around the GMR
Wheatstone bridge. Depending on the direction of the magnetic
field, the bridge causes the output comparator to switch following
the input logic signal. Since the current pulses are narrow, about
2.5 ns, the power consumption is independent of mark-to-space
ratio and solely dependent on frequency. This has obvious
advantages over optocouplers, which have power consumption
heavily dependent on frequency and time.
Electromagnetic Compatibility
The IL485 is fully compliant with generic EMC standards
EN50081, EN50082-1 and the umbrella line-voltage standard for
Information Technology Equipment (ITE) EN61000. The
IsoLoop Isolator’s Wheatstone bridge configuration and
differential magnetic field signaling ensure excellent EMC
performance against all relevant standards. NVE conducted
compliance tests in the categories below:
The approximate power supply current per channel is:
IIN = 40 x
EN50081-1
Residential, Commercial & Light Industrial
Methods EN55022, EN55014
EN50082-2: Industrial Environment
Methods EN61000-4-2 (ESD), EN61000-4-3 (Electromagnetic
Field Immunity), EN61000-4-4 (Electrical Transient Immunity),
EN61000-4-6 (RFI Immunity), EN61000-4-8 (Power Frequency
Magnetic Field Immunity), EN61000-4-9 (Pulsed Magnetic
Field), EN61000-4-10 (Damped Oscillatory Magnetic Field)
ENV50204
Radiated Field from Digital Telephones (Immunity Test)
f x 1 mA
4
fMAX
Where f = operating frequency
fMAX = 50 MHz
Power Supply Decoupling
Both VDD1 and VDD2 must be bypassed with 47 nF ceramic
capacitors. These should be placed as close as possible to VDD pins
for proper operation. Additionally, VDD2 should be bypassed with a
10 µF tantalum capacitor.
Immunity to external magnetic fields is even higher if the field
direction is “end-to-end” rather than to “pin-to-pin” as shown in the
diagram below:
Cross-axis Field Direction
6
NVE Corporation
11409 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344-3617 USA
Telephone: (952) 829-9217
Fax (952) 829-9189
Internet: www.isoloop.com
IL485
0.3" 16-pin SOIC Package
Dimensions in inches (mm)
0.287 (7.29)
0.300 (7.62)
0.013 (0.3)
0.020 (0.5)
NOM
0.016 (0.4)
0.050 (1.3)
0.007 (0.2)
0.013 (0.3)
0.397 (10.1)
0.413 (10.5)
0.092 (2.34)
0.105 (2.67)
Pin 1 identified by
either an indent
or a marked dot
0.394 (10.00)
0.419 (10.64)
0.08 (2.0)
0.10 (2.5)
0.040 (1.0)
NOTE: Pin spacing is a BASIC 0.060 (1.5)
dimension; tolerances
do not accumulate
0.004 (0.1)
0.012 (0.3)
Ordering Information and Valid Part Numbers
IL 485 E TR13
Bulk Packaging
Blank = Tube
TR = 13'' Tape and Reel
Valid Part Numbers
IL485
IL485E
Package
Blank = 80/20 Tin/Lead Plating
E = RoHS Compliant
All IL485
part types are
available on
tape and reel.
Base Part Number
485 = RS-485 Transceiver
Product Family
IL = Isolators
RoHS
COMPLIANT
7
NVE Corporation
11409 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344-3617 USA
Telephone: (952) 829-9217
Fax (952) 829-9189
Internet: www.isoloop.com
IL485
ISB-DS-001-IL485-Q
March 2008
Changes
•
Added magnetic field immunity and electromagnetic compatibility specifications.
•
Added note on package drawing that pin-spacing tolerances are non-accumulating.
ISB-DS-001-IL485-P
Changes
•
Changed ordering information to reflect that devices are now fully RoHS compliant
with no exemptions.
ISB-DS-001-IL485-O
Changes
•
Reorganized supply current specifications; misc. minor changes
ISB-DS-001-IL485-N
Changes
•
ISB-DS-001-IL485-M
Changes
•
ISB-DS-001-IL485-L
Updated package drawing; misc. changes
Changes
•
ISB-DS-001-IL485-J
Updated open input state in truth table
Changes
•
ISB-DS-001-IL485-K
Eliminated soldering profile chart
Update UL and IEC approvals
Changes
•
Revision letter added.
•
Ordering Information Removed.
•
IEC 61010-1 “Reinforced Insulation” added.
•
Notes added.
•
PagIR Soldering Profile added
•
Ordering Information added.
8
NVE Corporation
11409 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344-3617 USA
Telephone: (952) 829-9217
Fax (952) 829-9189
Internet: www.isoloop.com
IL485
About NVE
An ISO 9001 Certified Company
NVE Corporation manufactures innovative products based on unique spintronic Giant Magnetoresistive (GMR) technology. Products include
Magnetic Field Sensors, Magnetic Field Gradient Sensors (Gradiometers), Digital Magnetic Field Sensors, Digital Signal Isolators, and Isolated
Bus Transceivers.
NVE pioneered spintronics and in 1994 introduced the world’s first products using GMR material, a line of ultra-precise magnetic sensors for
position, magnetic media, gear speed and current sensing.
NVE Corporation
11409 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344-3617 USA
Telephone: (952) 829-9217
Fax: (952) 829-9189
Internet: www.nve.com
e-mail: [email protected]
The information provided by NVE Corporation is believed to be accurate. However, no responsibility is assumed by NVE Corporation for its use,
nor for any infringement of patents, nor rights or licenses granted to third parties, which may result from its use. No license is granted by
implication, or otherwise, under any patent or patent rights of NVE Corporation. NVE Corporation does not authorize, nor warrant, any NVE
Corporation product for use in life support devices or systems or other critical applications, without the express written approval of the
President of NVE Corporation.
Specifications shown are subject to change without notice.
ISB-DS-001-IL485-Q
March 2008
9
NVE Corporation
11409 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344-3617 USA
Telephone: (952) 829-9217
Fax (952) 829-9189
Internet: www.isoloop.com
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