DN190 - Op Amp, Comparator and Reference IC Provides Micropower Monitoring Capability

Op Amp, Comparator and Reference IC Provides Micropower
Monitoring Capability – Design Note 190
Jim Williams
Introduction
The LTC ®1541 combines a micropower amplifier,
comparator and 1.2V reference in an 8-pin package.
The part operates from a single 2.5V to 12.6V supply
with typical supply current of 5μA. Both op amp and
comparator feature a common mode input voltage
range that extends from the negative supply to within
1.3V of the positive supply. The op amp output stage
swings from rail-to-rail. Figure 1 lists additional features
along with a block diagram of the device. The part’s
attributes suggest low power monitoring applications
and two such circuits are presented here.
Pilot Light Flame Detector with Low-Battery Lockout
Figure 2 shows a pilot light flame detector with low-battery
lockout. The amplifier (“A”), running open loop, compares
a small portion of the reference with the thermocouple-
generated voltage. When the thermocouple is hot, the
amplifier’s output swings high, biasing Q1 on. Hysteresis,
provided by the 10M resistor, ensures clean transitions,
while the diodes clamp static generated voltages to the
rails. The 100k–2.2μF RC filters the signal to the amplifier.
The comparator (“C”) monitors the battery voltage via
the 2M–1M divider and compares it to the 1.2V reference. A battery voltage above 3.6V holds C’s output
high, biasing Q2 on and maintaining the small potential
at A’s negative input. When the battery voltage drops
too low, C goes low, signaling a low-battery condition.
Simultaneously, Q2 goes off, causing A’s negative input
to move to 1.2V. This biases A low, shutting off Q1.
The low outputs alert downstream circuitry to shut
down gas flow.
L, LTC and LT are registered trademarks of Linear Technology Corporation.
LTC1541
+
1 AMPOUT
SUPPLY RANGE: 2.5V TO 12.6V
IQUIESCENT: 5μA
OP AMP VOS: 700μV
COMPARATOR VOS: 1mV
COMPARATOR HYSTERESIS: ±3mV
COMMON MODE RANGE: 0V TO (VSUPPLY – 1.3V)
INPUT BIAS CURRENT: 1nA MAX, 10pA (25°C) TYP
REFERENCE: 1.2V ±0.4%
OP AMP
VCC
8
COMPOUT
7
REF
6
COMPIN +
5
–
2 AMPIN –
w1
3 AMPIN +
COMP
4 VSS
–
+
DN190 F01
Figure 1. LTC1541 Block Diagram and Features of the Micropower Op Amp, Comparator and Reference
09/98/190_conv
VIN = 3.6V TO 9V
1N457
10M
TYPE R
1k
–
+
100k
3
+
10k
1N457
2.2μF
2
8
A
1/2 LTC1541
+
OUTPUT HIGH = “ON”
OUTPUT LOW = “OFF”
1
–
SCR LOAD
2M
ICC = 7μA AT VIN = 5V
Q1
2N3904
5
+
C
1/2 LTC1541
1M
6
7
LOW⎯BATTERY
–
2M
1.2V INTERNAL
REFERENCE
10k
Q2
VN2222
DN190 F02
Figure 2. Pilot Light Flame Detector with Low-Battery Lockout
Tip-Acceleration Detector for Shipping Containers
Figure 3’s circuit is a tip-acceleration detector for shipping containers. It detects if a shipping container has
been subjected to excessive tipping or acceleration
and retains the detected output. The sensitivity and
frequency response are adjustable. A potentiometer
with a small pendulous mass biases the amplifier
(“A”), operating at a gain of 12. Normally, A’s output
is below C’s trip point and circuit output is low. Any
tip-acceleration event that causes A’s output to swing
9.1M
10M
9V
+
1M**
*
A
1/2 LTC1540
–
beyond 1.2V will trip C high. Positive feedback around
C will latch it in this high state, alerting the receiving
party that the shipped goods have been mishandled.
Sensitivity is variable with potentiometer mechanical
or electrical biasing or A’s gain. Bandwidth is settable
by selection of the capacitor at A’s input. The circuit is
prepared for use by applying power and pushing the
button in C’s output.
10M
9.1M
+
1N4148
NORMALLY CLOSED —
PUSH TO INITIALIZE
C
1/2 LTC1541
OUTPUT
–
820k
*OPTIONAL ACCELERATION/NOISE FILTER,
TYPICALLY 0.1μF, SEE TEXT
**POTENTIOMETER WITH PENDULOUS
WEIGHT ATTACHED
1.2V
DN190 F03
Figure 3. Tip-Acceleration Detector for Shipping Containers Retains Output if Triggered.
Sensitivity is Adjustable Via Amplifier Feedback Values. Capacitor Sets Acceleraton Response Bandwidth
Data Sheet Download
www.linear.com
Linear Technology Corporation
For applications help,
call (408) 432-1900, Ext. 2593
dn190f_conv LT/TP 0998 340K • PRINTED IN THE USA
1630 McCarthy Blvd., Milpitas, CA 95035-7417
(408) 432-1900
●
FAX: (408) 434-0507 ● www.linear.com
© LINEAR TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION 1998
Similar pages