A8285 and A8287 Datasheet

A8285 and A8287
LNB Supply and Control Voltage Regulator
Features and Benefits
Description
• LNB selection and standby function
• Provides up to 500 mA load current
• Two-wire serial I2C interface
• Built-in tone oscillator, factory-trimmed to 22 kHz;
facilitates DiSEqC™ 2.0 encoding
• Auxiliary modulation input
• 22 kHz tone detector facilitates DiSEqC™ decoding
(A8287 only)
• Tracking switch-mode power converter for lowest
dissipation
• LNB overcurrent protection and diagnostics
• Internal overtemperature protection
• LNB voltages (16 possible levels) compatible with all
common standards
Intended for analog and digital satellite receivers, the LNB
(low noise block) converter regulator is a monolithic linear and
switching voltage regulator, specifically designed to provide
power and interface signals to an LNB downconverter, via
coaxial cable.
The device uses a 2-wire bidirectional serial interface,
compatible with the I2C (Inter-C bus) standard, that operates
up to 400 kHz.
The A8285 is supplied in a 16-lead plastic power SOIC with
internally fused leads for thermal dissipation. The A8287 is
supplied in a 24-lead plastic power SOIC with internally fused
leads. Both devices are also available in lead (Pb) free versions,
with 100% matte tine leadframe plating.
Packages
16-pin SOIC
(A8285)
24-pin SOIC
(A8287)
Functional Block Diagram
V IN
C10
100 nF
L1
C1
33 µF
VREG
220 nF
C5
33 µH
VIN
C3
D1
Internal
Regulator
C2
LX
VCP
BOOST
Feedback
C4
100 µF
100 nF
100 nF
BOOST
Charge
Pump
OSC In
VPUMP
Boost Converter
Overcurrent
OSC
DISABLE
100 mV
EXTM
R3 R4 R5
VDD
Clock
Divider
LNB
22 kHz
Tone
Generator
Tracking
Regulator
SDA
ADD
A8285-DS, Rev. F
D2
L2
33 µH
1.5 µF
C7
220 nF
C6
TCAP
Output
Voltage
Select
SCL
IRQ
R1
15 Ω
Fault Monitor
Overcurrent
TSD
Undervoltage
Overcurrent
6.8 nF
C8
GM
TOUT
220 Ω R2
TDI
10 nF
C9
22 kHz Tone
Detector
R6
TDO
VDD
A8285 and
A8287
LNB Supply and Control Voltage Regulator
Selection Guide
Part Number
Pb-free
Package
Description
A8285SLB
A8285SLB-T
–
16-pin SOIC
Tone detect not provided
Yes
16-pin SOIC
Tone detect not provided
–
24-pin SOIC
All features
Yes
24-pin SOIC
All features
A8287SLB
A8287SLB-T
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Characteristic
Load Supply Voltage
Symbol
Notes
Rating
Unit
16
V
Internally Limited
–
LNB, BOOST
–0.3 to 28
V
TOUT
–0.3 to 22
V
EXTM
–0.3 to 5
V
VIN
Output Current
IOUT
Output Voltage
–
Logic Input
–
Logic Output
–
Package Power DIssipation
–
Output current rating may be limited by duty
cycle, ambient temperature, and heat sinking.
Under any set of conditions, do not exceed the
specified current rating or a junction temperature of +150°C
Other
See power dissipation information in the Application
Information section
–0.3 to 7
V
–0.3 to 7
V
–
–
Operating Temperature
Ambient
TA
–20 to 85
ºC
Junction
TJ
–20 to 150
ºC
Storage
TS
–55 to 150
ºC
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A8285 and
A8287
LNB Supply and Control Voltage Regulator
Tone detector and leads TDI and TDO are not provided in 16-pin package (A8285).
ID
C1
C2, C5,C10
C4
Characteristics
33 μF, 25 V, esr < 200 mΩ, Iripple > 350 mA
Nichicon, part number UHC1E330MET
100 nF, 50 V, X5R or X7R
100 μF, 35 V, esr < 75 mΩ, Iripple> 800 mA
C3,C6
220 nF, 50 V, X5R or X7R
C7
1.5 μF, 50 V, X5R or X7R
C8
6.8 nF, 50 V; Y5V, X5R, or X7R
C9
10 nF (maximum), 50 V; Y5V, X5R, or X7R
R1
15 , 1%, c W
R2
220 , 1%, 2 W
R3-R6
Suggested Manufacturer
Nichicon, part number UHC1V101MPT
Value determined by VDD, bus capacitance. etc.
L1
33 μH, IDC > 1.3 A
TDK, part number TSL0808-330K1R4
L2
33 μH, IDC > 0.5 A
TDK, part number TSL0808-330K1R4
D1
1 A, 35 V or 40 V, Schottky diode
Various, part number 1N5819; Sanken, part number AW04
D2
1 A, 100 V, 1N4002
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A8285 and
A8287
LNB Supply and Control Voltage Regulator
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS at TA = +25°C, VIN = 10 to 16 V (unless otherwise noted)
Characteristics
Symbol
Set-point Accuracy, load and line
regulation
VO1
Relative to target voltage selected, with:
ILOAD = 0 to 500 mA
ICC
Supply Current
Boost Switch-On Resistance
ICCEN
Test Conditions
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
-4.5
0
4.5
%
ENB = Low, LNB output disabled
–
–
7
mA
ENB = High, LNB output enabled, ILOAD = 0mA
–
–
15
mA
–
400
500
m
RDSBOOST TJ = 25 °C, ILOAD = 500mA
Switching Frequency
fo
–
320
352
384
kHz
Switch Current Limit
–
VIN = 12 V
2.0
3
4.0
A
VBOOST – VLNB, no tone signal, ILOAD = 500 mA
400
600
800
mV
–12.5
–10
–7.5
μA
Linear Regulator Voltage Drop
Slew Rate Current on TCAP
VREG
ICAP
Charging
Discharging
7.5
10
12.5
μA
–
500
–
μs
Output Voltage Slew Period
tslew
VLNB = 13 to 18 V, TCAP = 6.8 nF, ILOAD = 500
mA
Output Reverse Current
IOR
ENB = Low, VLNB = 28 V with C4 fully charged
–
1
5
mA
Ripple and Noise on LNB Output
VRN
See notes 1 and 2
–
–
50
mVpp
Overcurrent Limit
ILIM
High limit
Low limit
550
400
700
500
850
600
mA
mA
Overcurrent Disable Time
tDIS
–
1.2
–
1.7
ms
Protection Circuitry
VIN Undervoltage Threshold
UVOFF
Guaranteed turn-off
8.65
9.15
9.65
V
VIN Turn-On Threshold
UVON
Guaranteed turn-on
8.75
9.25
9.75
V
–
77
85
93
%VLNB
PNGreset –
82
90
98
%VLNB
Power-Not-Good Flag Set
Power-Not-Good Flag Reset
PNGset
Thermal Shutdown Threshold
TJ
See note 1
–
165
–
°C
Thermal Shutdown Hysteresis
TJ
See note 1
–
20
–
°C
Continued on next page
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115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
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A8285 and
A8287
LNB Supply and Control Voltage Regulator
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued) at TA = +25°C, VIN = 10 to 16 V (unless otherwise noted)
Characteristics
Symbol
Test Conditions
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
Tone Characteristics
Tone Frequency
fTONE
–
20
22
24
kHz
Tone Pull-Down Current
ITONE
–
30
40
50
mA
tDEL
Using EXTM pin
–
–
1
μs
VIH
–
2
–
–
V
VIL
IIL
–
–
–
–1
–
–
0.8
1
V
μA
Tone Turn-On and Turn-Off Delays
External Tone Logic Input
Input Leakage
Tone Detector Input Amplitude
VTDI
fIN = 22 kHz
260
–
1000
mV
Tone Detector Frequency Capture
fTDI
600 mVpp sinewave
17.6
–
26.4
kHz
Tone Detector Input Impedance
ZTDI
See note 1
–
8.6
–
k
Tone Detector Output Voltage
VOL
Tone present, ILOAD = 3 mA
–
–
0.4
V
Tone Detector Output Leakage
IOL
Tone absent, VO = 7 V
–
–
10
A
Logic Input (SDA,SCL) Low Level
VIL
–
–
–
0.8
V
Logic Input (SDA,SCL) High Level
VIH
–
2
–
–
V
VHYS
–
–
150
–
mV
–10
<±1.0
10
μA
I2C Interface
Input Hysteresis
Logic Input Current
IIN
VIN = 0 V to 7 V
Output Voltage (SDA, IRQ)
VOL
ILOAD = 3 mA
–
–
0.4
V
Output Leakage (SDA, IRQ)
IOL
VO = 0 V to 7 V
–
–
10
μA
SCL Clock Frequency
fCLK
–
0
–
400
kHz
Output Fall Time
tOF
VIH to VIL
–
–
250
ns
Bus Free Time Between Stop and Start
tBUF
See I2C Interface Timing Diagram
1.3
–
–
μs
Hold Time for Start Condition
tHD:STA
See I2C Interface Timing Diagram
0.6
–
–
μs
Setup Time for Start Condition
tSU:STA
See I2C Interface Timing Diagram
0.6
–
–
μs
SCL Low Time
SCL High Time
Data Setup Time
Data Hold Time
Setup Time for Stop Condition
tLOW
tHIGH
tSU:DAT
tHD:DAT
tSU:STO
See
I2C
Interface Timing Diagram
1.3
–
–
μs
See
I2C
Interface Timing Diagram
0.6
–
–
μs
See
note1; I2C Interface Timing Diagram
100
–
–
ns
See
I2C
Interface Timing Diagram
0
–
900
ns
See
I2C
Interface Timing Diagram
0.6
–
–
μs
Continued on next page
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115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
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A8285 and
A8287
LNB Supply and Control Voltage Regulator
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued) at TA = +25°C, VIN = 10 to 16 V (unless otherwise noted)
Characteristics
Symbol
Test Conditions
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
ADD Voltage for Address 0001,000
Address1
–
0
–
0.7
V
ADD Voltage for Address 0001,001
Address2
–
1.3
–
1.7
V
ADD Voltage for Address 0001,010
Address3
–
2.3
–
2.7
V
ADD Voltage for Address 0001,011
Address4
–
3.3
–
5
V
I2C Address Setting
1 Guaranteed by design.
2 Use recommended components and adhere to layout guidelines.
I2C Interface Timing Diagram
tSU:STA
tHD:STA
tSU:DAT
tHD:DAT
tSU:STO
tBUF
SDA
SCL
tLOW
tHIGH
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A8285 and
A8287
LNB Supply and Control Voltage Regulator
Functional Description
Boost Converter/Linear Regulator. A current-mode boost
converter provides the tracking regulator a supply voltage that
tracks the requested LNB output voltage. The converter operates
at 16 times the internal tone
frequency, 352 kHz nominal.
The tracking regulator provides minimum power dissipation
across the range of output voltages, assuming the input voltage is
less than the output voltage, by adjusting the BOOST pin voltage
600 mV nominal above the LNB output voltage selected. Under
conditions where the input voltage is greater than the output
voltage, the tracking regulator must drop the differential voltage.
When operating in this condition, care must be taken to ensure
that the safe operating temperature range of the A8285/A8287 is
not exceeded. For additional information, see Power Dissipation
in the Application Information section.
Note: To conserve power at light loads, the boost converter operates in a pulse-skipping mode.
Overcurrent Protection. The A8285/A8287 is protected
against both overcurrent and short circuit conditions by limiting the output current to ILIM . In the event of an overcurrent,
the current limit can be applied indefinitely. Alternatively, if
the ODT feature is enabled, and the fault current appears for
longer than the disable time tDIS, then the device is turned off.
The device can be enabled again via the I2C™ interface. If the
overcurrent is removed before the disable time has elapsed, the
device remains functioning. These settings are made in the Control register and the Status register.
Charge Pump. Generates a supply voltage above the internal
tracking regulator output to drive the linear regulator control.
Slew Rate Control. During either start-up or when the output
voltage on the BOOST pin is being changed, the output voltage
rise and fall times can be programmed by an external capacitor
located on the TCAP pin. Note that during start-up, the BOOST
pin is precharged to the input voltage minus a diode drop. As a
result, the slew rate control occurs from this point.
The value for TCAP can be calculated using the following formula:
TCAP = (ICAP
× 8) / (ΔV/s)
where ΔV/s is required slew rate. The smallest value for TCAP
is 2.2 nF.
Modulation is unaffected by the choice of TCAP. If limiting
LNB output voltage rise and fall times is not required, the TCAP
terminal must have a value of at least a 2.2 nF to minimize
output noise.
External Tone Modulation. To improve design flexibility
and to allow implementation of proposed LNB remote control
standards, the logic modulation input pin EXTM is provided.
The logic signal supplied to this pin creates a 650 mV ±250 mV
tone signal on the TOUT pin by controlling a 40 mA current
pull-down device through the
DiSEqC™ filter. The shape of the tone waveform depends on the
filter components used and the LNB/cable capacitance.
Tone Detection. A 22 kHz tone envelope detector is provided
in the A8287 solution. The detector extracts the tone signal and
provides it as an open-collector signal on the TDO pin. The maximum tone out error is ±1 tone cycle, and the maximum tone out delay
with respect to the input is ±1 tone cycle.
Control Register. The main functions of the A8285/A8287
are controlled via the I2C interface by writing to the control
register. The power-up states for the control functions are all
zero. Control functions include the following:
• Internal Tone Modulation Enable (ENT). When the
ENT bit is set to 1, the internal tone generator controls a 40
mA pull-down device, thus creating the tone signal after the
DiSEqC™ filter in a way identical to the EXTM scheme. The
internal oscillator is factory-trimmed to provide a tone of 22 ±2
kHz. No further adjustment is required. Burst coding of the 22
kHz tone is accomplished due to the fast response of the serial
command and rapid tone response. This allows implementation
of the
DiSEqC™ 2.0 protocols.
• Select Output Voltage Amplitude (VSEL0, VSEL1, VSEL2,
VSEL3). The LNB output voltage can be programmed to a particular voltage according to the Output Voltage Amplitude Selection
table shown on the following page.
• Enable (ENB). When set to 1, the LNB output is enabled.
When reset to 0, the LNB output is disabled.
• Overcurrent Limit (ILIM). Selects the output overcurrent limit.
When set to 0, the limit is 500 mA. When set to 1, the limit is 700
mA.
• Overcurrent Disable Time (ODT). When set to 1, in the
event of an overcurrent occuring for a duration exceeding the
disable time, the device is turned off. When set to 0,
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A8285 and
A8287
LNB Supply and Control Voltage Regulator
this feature is disabled and the device is not turned off during
an overcurrent.
Status Register. The status of the A8285/A8287 read register can be interrogated by the system master controller via the
I2C™–compatible interface. Status functions include the following:
• Power Not Good (PNG). When the LNB output is enabled, and
the LNB output is below 85% of the programmed LNB voltage,
the PNG bit is set.
• Disable (DIS). Provides the status of the LNB output. When
set, this indicates that the output is disabled, either intentionally
or by a fault.
• Thermal Shutdown (TSD). When the junction temperature
exceeds the maximum threshold, the thermal shutdown bit is set,
which disables the LNB output. DIS also is set.
• Overcurrent (OCP). This disables LNB output when an
overcurrent appears on the LNB output for a period greater than
the ODT (ODT must be enabled for this feature to take effect).
In addition, the DIS bit is set. Note: If an overcurrent occurs and
ODT is disabled, the A8285/A8287 will operate in current limit
indefininitely and the OCP bit will not be set.
Output Voltage Amplitude Selection Table
VSEL3
VSEL2
VSEL1
VSEL0
LNB (V)
0
0
0
0
12.709
0
0
0
1
13.042
0
0
1
0
13.375
0
0
1
1
13.709
0
1
0
0
14.042
0
1
0
1
14.375
0
1
1
0
14.709
0
1
1
1
15.042
1
0
0
0
18.042
1
0
0
1
18.375
1
0
1
0
18.709
1
0
1
1
19.042
1
1
0
0
19.375
1
1
0
1
19.709
1
1
1
0
20.042
1
1
1
1
20.375
• Undervoltage Lockout (VUV). When the input voltage (VIN)
drops below the undervoltage threshold, the undervoltage bit
VUV is set, disabling the output.
When VIN is initially applied to the A8285/A8285, the VUV bit is
set, indicating that an undervoltage condition has occurred.
IRQ Flag. The IRQ flag is activated when any fault condition
occurs, including: thermal shutdown, overcurrent, undervoltage,
or the occurrence of a power-up sequence. Note that the IRQ flag
is not activated when either (a) the channel is disabled (DIS), as
it may have been disabled intentionally by the master controller,
or (b) if PNG is active, as the A8285/A8287 may be starting up.
Fault conditions are stored in the status registers. Also note that
the IRQ flag will not activate when an overcurrent occurs and
ODT is disabled. In this condition, the device operates within
ILIM.
When the IRQ flag is activated during either of the above fault
conditions, and the system master controller addresses the
A8285/A8287 with the read/write bit set to 1, then the IRQ flag
is reset once the A8285/A8287 acknowledges the address. When
the master controller reads the data and is acknowledged, the
status registers are updated. If the fault is removed, the A8285/
A8287 is again ready for operation (being re-enabled via a write
command). Otherwise, the controller can keep polling the A8285/
A8287 until the fault is removed.
When VIN, is initially applied to the A8285/A8285, the I2C™–
compatible interface will not function until the internal logic
supply VREG has reached its operating level. Once VREG is within
tolerance, the VUV bit in the status register is set and the IRQ is
activated to inform the master controller of this condition. (The
IRQ is effectively acting as a power-up flag.) The IRQ is reset
when the A8285/A8287 acknowledges the address. Once the
master has read the status registers, the VUV bit is reset. The
device is then ready for operation.
I2C™–Compatible Interface. This is a serial interface that
uses two bus lines, SCL and SDA, to access the internal Control
and Status registers of the A8285/A8287. Data is exchanged
between a microcontroller (master) and the A8285/A8287 (slave).
The clock input to SCL is generated by the master, while SDA
functions as either an input or an open drain output, depending on
the direction of the data.
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A8285 and
A8287
LNB Supply and Control Voltage Regulator
Application Information
time during a data transfer. The A8285/A8287 always responds by
resetting the data transfer sequence.
Timing Considerations
I2C™-
The control sequence of the communication through the
Compatible interface is composed of several steps in sequence:
The Read/Write bit is used to determine the data transfer direction. If the Read/Write bit is high, the master reads one or more
bytes from the A8285/A8287. If the Read/Write bit is low, the
master writes one byte to the A8285/A8287. Note that multiple
writes are not permitted. All write operations must be preceded
with the address.
1. Start Condition. Defined by a negative edge on the SDA line,
while SCL is high.
2. Address Cycle. 7 bits of address, plus 1 bit to indicate read
(1) or write (0), and an acknowledge bit. The first five bits of
the address are fixed as: 00010. The four optional addresses,
defined by the remaining two bits, are selected by the ADD
input. The address is transmitted MSB first.
The Acknowledge bit has two functions. It is used by the master
to determine if the slave device is responding to its address and
data, and it is used by the slave when the master is reading data
back from the slave. When the A8285/A8287 decodes the 7-bit
address field as a valid address, it responds by pulling SDA low
during the ninth clock cycle.
3. Data Cycles. 8 bits of data followed by an acknowledge bit.
Multiple data bytes can be read. Data is transmitted MSB first.
4. Stop Condition. Defined by a positive edge on the SDA line,
while SCL is high.
During a data write from the master, the A8285/A8287 also pulls
SDA low during the clock cycle that follows the data byte, in
order to indicate that the data has been successfully received. In
both cases, the master device must release the
Except to indicate a Start or Stop condition, SDA must be stable
while the clock is high. SDA can only be changed while SCL is
low. It is possible for the Start or Stop condition to occur at any
acknowledge
from LNBR
Writing to the Register
Start
Address
W
Control Data
SDA
0
0
0
1
0
A1
A0
0
AK
SCL
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Reading One Byte from the Register
Start
acknowledge
from LNBR
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
Stop
D2
D1
D0
acknowledge
from LNBR
Address
AK
no acknowledge
from master
R
Status Data
SDA
0
0
0
1
0
A1
A0
1
AK
SCL
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
Stop
D2
D1
D0 NAK
Reading Multiple Bytes from the Register
acknowledge
from LNBR
Start
Address
no acknowledge
from master
acknowledge
from master
R
Status Data
SDA
0
0
0
1
0
A1
A0
1
AK
SCL
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
Status Data
D2
D1
D0
AK
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
Stop
D2
D1
D0 NAK
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9
A8285 and
A8287
LNB Supply and Control Voltage Regulator
SDA line before the ninth clock cycle, in order to allow this
handshaking to occur.
During a data read, the A8285/A8287 acknowledges the address
in the same way as in the data write sequence, and then retains
control of the SDA line and send the data to the master. On
completion of the eight data bits, the A8285/A8287 releases
the SDA line before the ninth clock cycle, in order to allow the
master to acknowledge the data. If the master holds the SDA line
low during this Acknowledge bit, the A8285/A8287 responds by
sending another data byte to the master. Data bytes continue to be
sent to the master until the master releases the SDA line during
the Acknowledge bit. When this is detected, the A8285/A8287
stops sending data and waits for a stop signal.
Interrupt Request. The A8285/A8287 also provides an interrupt request pin IRQ, which is an open-drain, active-low output.
This output may be connected to a common IRQ line with a
suitable external pull-up and can be used with other I2C devices
to request attention from the master controller. The IRQ output
becomes active when either the A8285/A8287 first recognizes a
fault condition, or at power-on when the main supply VIN and the
internal logic supply VREG reach the correct operating conditions. It is only reset to inactive when the I2C master addresses
the A8285/A8287 with the Read/Write bit set (causing a read).
Fault conditions are indicated by the TSD, VUV, and OCP bits
in the status register (see description of OCP for conditions of
use). The DIS and PNG bits do not cause an interrupt. When the
master recognizes an interrupt, it addresses all slaves connected
to the interrupt line in sequence, and then reads the status register
to determine which device is requesting attention. The A8285/
A8287 latches all conditions in the status register until the
completion of the data read.
The action at the resampling point is further defined in the
description for each of the status bits. The bits in the status reg-
ister are defined such that the all-zero condition indicates that the
A8285/A8287 is fully active with no fault conditions.
When VIN is initially applied, the I2C interface does not respond
to any requests until the internal logic supply VREG has reached
its operating level. Once VREG has reached this point, the IRQ
output goes active, and the VUV bit is set. After the A8285/
A8287 acknowledges the address, the IRQ flag is reset. Once the
master reads the status registers, the registers are updated with
the VUV reset.
Control Register (Write Register). All main functions of the
A8285/A8287 are controlled through the I2C interface via the
8-bit Control register. This register allows selection of the output
voltage and current limit, enabling and disabling the LNB output,
and switching the 22 kHz tone on and off. The power-up state is 0
for all of the control functions.
Bit 0 (VSEL0), Bit 1 (VSEL1), and Bit 2 (VSEL2). These
provide incremental control over the voltage on the LNB output.
The available voltages provide the necessary levels for all the
common standards plus the ability to add line compensation in
increments of 333 mV. The voltage levels are defined in the Output Voltage Amplitude Selection table.
Bit 3 (VSEL3). Switches between the low-level and high-level
output voltages on the LNB output. A value of 0 selects the low
level voltage and a value of 1 selects the high level. The lowlevel center voltage is 12.709 V nominal, and the high level is
18.042 V nominal. These may be increased, in increments of 333
mV, by using the VSEL2, VSEL1, and VSEL0 control register
bits.
Bit 4 (ODT). When set to 1, enables the ODT feature (disables
the A8285/A8287 if the overcurrent disable time is exceeded
during an overcurrent condition on the output). When set to 0, the
ODT feature is disabled.
Reading the Register After an Interrupt
Start
Address
R
Status Data
SDA
0
0
0
1
0
A1
A0
1
AK
SCL
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
Stop
D2
D1
D0 NAK
IRQ
Fault
Event
Reload
Status Register
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A8285 and
A8287
LNB Supply and Control Voltage Regulator
Bit 5 (ENB). When set to 1, enables the LNB output. When set to
0, the LNB output is disabled.
Bit 6 (ILIM). Selects the ILIM level. When set to 0, the lower limit
(typically 500 mA) is selected. When set to 1, the higher limit
(typically 700 mA), is selected.
Bit 7 (ENT). When set to 1, enables modulation of the LNB output with the the internal 22 kHz tone. Since the I2C interface is
compatible with the 400 kHz transfer speed, this bit may be used
to encode DiSEqC™ 2.0 tone bursts for communication with the
LNB or switcher at the far end of the coaxial cable.
Status Register (I2C Read Register). The main fault conditions: overcurrent, undervoltage, and overtemperature, are all
indicated by setting the relevant bit in the Status register. In
all fault cases, once the bit is set it is not reset until the A8285/
A8287 is read by the I2C master. The current status of the LNB
output is also indicated by DIS. DIS and PNG are the only bits
that may be reset without an I2C read sequence. The normal
sequence of the master in a fault condition is to detect the fault by
reading the Status register, then rereading the Status register until
the status bit is reset, indicating the fault condition has been reset.
The fault may be detected by: continuously polling, responding
to an interrupt request (IRQ), or detecting a fault condition externally and performing a diagnostic poll of all slave devices. Note
that the fully operational condition of the Status register is all 0s.
This simplifies checking of the status byte.
Control (Write) Register Table
Bit
Name
0
VSEL0
1
VSEL1
2
VSEL2
3
VSEL3
4
ODT
5
ENB
6
ILIM
7
ENT
Function
See Output Voltage Amplitude
Selection Table
0: LNBx = Low range
1: LNBx = High range
0: Overcurrent disable time off
1: Overcurrent disable time on
0: Disable LNB Output
1: Enable LNB Output
0: Overcurrent Limit = 500mA
1: Overcurrent Limit = 700mA
0: Disable Tone
1: Enable 22KHz internal tone
Bit 0 (TSD). A 1 indicates that the A8285/A8287 has detected an
overtemperature condition and has disabled the LNB output. DIS
is set and the A8285/A8287 does not re-enable the output until
so instructed by writing the relevant bit into the Control register.
The status of the overtemperature condition is sampled on the rising edge of the ninth clock pulse in the data read sequence. If the
condition is no longer present, then the TSD bit is reset, allowing
the master to re-enable the LNB output if required. If the condition is still present, then the TSD bit remains at 1.
Bit 1 (OCP) Overcurrent. If the A8285/A8287 detects an overcurrent condition for greater than the detection time, and if ODT
is enabled, the LNB output is then disabled. Also, the OCP bit is
set to indicate that an overcurrent has occurred, and the DIS bit is
set. The Status register is updated on the rising edge of the ninth
clock pulse. The OCP bit is reset in all cases, allowing the master
to re-enable the LNB output. If the overcurrent timer is not
enabled, the A8285/A8287 operates in current limit indefinitely,
and the OCP bit is not set.
Bit 2 and 3. Reserved.
Bit 4 (PNG) Power Not Good. Set to 1 when the LNB output is
enabled and the LNB output volts are below 85% of the programmed LNB voltage. The PNG is reset when the LNB volts
are within 90% of the programmed LNB voltage.
Bit 5 (DIS) LNB output disabled. DIS is used to indicate the
current condition of the LNB output. At power-on, or if a fault
condition occurs, the disable bit is set. Having this bit change to
1 does not cause the IRQ to activate because the LNB output may
be disabled intentionally by the I2C master. This bit also is reset
at the end of a write sequence, if the LNB output is enabled.
Bit 6. Reserved.
Bit 7 (VUV) Undervoltage lockout. Set to 1 to indicate that the
A8285/A8287 has detected that the input supply VIN is, or has
been, below the minimum level and that an undervoltage lockout
has occurred, which has disabled the LNB output. Bit 5 also is
set, and the A8285/A8287 does not re-enable the output until so
instructed (by having the relevant bit written into the Control register). The status of the undervoltage condition is sampled on the
rising edge of the ninth clock pulse in the data read sequence. If
the condition is no longer present, the VUV bit is reset, allowing
the master to re-enable the LNB output if required. If the condition is still present, the VUV bit remains set to 1.
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11
A8285 and
A8287
LNB Supply and Control Voltage Regulator
Power Dissipation
To ensure that the device operates within the safe operating
temperature range, several checks should be performed. An
approximate operating junction temperature can be determined by
estimating the power losses and the thermal impedance characteristics of the printed circuit board solution. To do so, perform the
following procedure:
1. Estimate the maximum ambient temperature (TA).
2. Define the maximum running junction temperature (TJ)of
A8285/A8287. Note that the absolute maximum junction temperature should never exceed 150ºC.
3. Determine worst case power dissipation:
(a) Estimate the duty cycle D:
D = 1 – [VIN / (VOUT + VD + ΔVREG)]
where:
VD is the voltage drop of the boost diode, and
ΔVREG can be taken from the specification table.
(b) Estimate the peak current in boost stage IPK:
IPK = VOUT
× [ ILOAD / (0.89 × VIN)]
(c) Estimate boost RDS (RDSBOOST ) at maximum running junction temperature. RDSBOOST is a function of junction temperature
Bit
Name
0
TSD
Thermal Shutdown
1
OCP
Overcurrent
Function
Reserved
3
Reserved
4
PNG
Power Not Good
5
DIS
LNB output disabled
VUV
VIN Undervoltage
6
7
Actual RDSBOOST = RDSBOOST(25ºC) + [(Tj – 25)
× 2.7 mΩ]
(d) Determine losses in each block PTOT; based on the relative
value of VIN, perform either (i) or (ii):
(i) When VIN < VOUT + VD + ΔVREG. Note that worst case dissipation occurs at minimum input voltage.
PTOT = Pd_Rds + Pd_sw + Pd_control + Pd_lin
where
× RDSBOOST × D
Pd_control = 15 mA × VIN
Pd_lin = ΔVREG × ILOAD
Pd_Rds = I2PK
and Pd_sw (switching losses estimate); worst case = 70 mW.
(ii) When VIN > VOUT + VD + ΔVREG. Note that worst case dissipation in this case occurs at maximum input voltage.
PTOT = Pd_control + Pd_lin
where:
×
Pd_control = 15 mA VIN
Pd_lin = (VIN – VD – VOUT )
× ILOAD
Step 4. Determine the thermal impedance required in the solution:
Status (Read) Register Table
2
and it rises by 2.7 mΩ/ºC with respect to the specified figure,
RDSBOOST(25ºC), when Tj equals 25ºC.
Reserved
RØJA = (TJ – TA) / PTOT
The RØJA for one or two layer PCBs can be estimated from the
RØJA vs. Area charts on the following page.
Note: For maximum effectiveness, the PCB area underneath the
IC should be filled copper and connected to pins 4 and 13 for
A8285, and pins 6, 7, 18, and 19 for A8287. Where a PCB with
two or more layers is used, apply thermal vias, placing them adjacent to each of the above pins, and underneath the IC.
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12
A8285 and
A8287
LNB Supply and Control Voltage Regulator
Layout Considerations
Recommended placement of critical components and tracking for
the A8287 is shown in the PCB Layout digagram on the following page. It is recommended that the ground plane be separated
into two areas, referred to as switcher and control, on each layer
using a ground plane. With respect to the input connections, VIN
and 0V, the two ground plane areas are isolated as shown by the
dotted line and the ground plane areas are connected together at
pins 6, 7, 18, and 19. This configuration minimizes the effects of
the noise produced by the switcher on the noise-sensitive sections
of the circuit.
Power-related tracking from INPUT to L1, LNB (pin 17) to L2
then OUTPUT, LX (pin 20) to D1 and L1, VBOOST (pin 23)
to C4 and D1 should be as short and wide as possible. Power
components such as the boost diode D1, inductor L1, and input/
output capacitors C1, C9, and C4, should be located as close as
possible to the IC. The DiSEqC inductor L2 should be located as
far away from the boost inductor L1 to prevent potential magnetic
crosstalk.
The filter capacitor (VREG), charge pump capacitor (VCP),
ac coupling tone detect capacitor (TDI), tone pull-down resistor (TOUT), and LNB output capacitor/protection diode (LNB)
should be located directly next to the appropriate pin.
Where a PCB with two or more layers is used, it is recommended
that four thermal vias be deployed as shown in the PCB Layout
diagram. Note that adding additional vias does not enhance the
thermal characteristics.
Example.
Given:
VIN = 12 V
VOUT = 18 V
ILOAD = 500 mA
Two-layer PCB.
Maximum ambient temperature = 70 ºC,
Maximum allowed junction temperature= 110 ºC
Assume:
VD= 0.4 V and select ΔVREG= 0.7 V
D = 1 – (12 / (18 + 0.4 + 0.7) = 0.37
× 0.5 / (0.89 × 12) = 843 mA
RDSBOOST = 0.5 + (110 – 25) × 2.7 mΩ= 730 mΩ
IPK = 18
Worst case losses can now be estimated:
Pd_Rds = 0.8432
× 0.73 × 0.37 = 192 mW
Pd_sw = 70 mW
Pd_control = 15 mA
Pd_lin = 0.7
× VIN = 180 mW
× 0.5 = 350 mW
and therefore
PTOT = 0.192 + 0.07 + 0.18 + 0.35 = 0.792 W
The thermal resistance required is:
(110 – 70) / 0.792 = 50.5ºC/W
Note: For the case of the A8287, the area of copper required on
each layer is approximately 1.2 in2.
RØJA vs. Area Charts
A8285, 16-Pin SOIC
A8287, 24-Pin SOIC
80
One side Copper
Thermal Resistance
One side Copper
Two side Copper
90
80
70
60
50
(ºC /W) (0C/W)
Thermal Resistance
0
Thermal Resistance
Thermal Resistance
(ºC /W) ( C/W)
100
Two side Copper
70
60
50
40
40
0
1
2
2 2
Area
Area (in.
(in ) )
3
4
0
1
2
Area
Area (in.
(in2)2)
3
4
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13
A8285 and
A8287
LNB Supply and Control Voltage Regulator
PCB Layout Diagram
VIN
(INPUT)
0V
Control 0V
Tracking
Switcher 0V
0V Plane
C9
C2
Thermal Via
Cut in 0V Plane
C4
+
C1
+
C5
Note that to add additional connections, e.g. SCL, SDA, IRQ, VIN,
EXTM, ADD, TDO, and TDI,
some modifications to the control
ground plane will be necessary.
Refer to Functional Block diagram
for circuit connections.
C3
1
24
2
23
3
22
D1
4
21
+
5
20
6
19
7
18
8
17
9
16
10
15
11
14
12
C8
L1
R1
Control 0V
L2
OUTPUT
C7
C6
0V
D2
+
13
Control 0V
Power-on Reset I2C Sequence
VIN
VREG
IRQ
SDA
S
T
ADR
R A
READ
Master Responds to IRQ
Reads Status
VUV = 1
A
READ
N
S
P
S
T
ADR
W A
WRITE
A
S
P
Master Writes
Enables output
VUV = 0
VUV
reset
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A8285 and
A8287
LNB Supply and Control Voltage Regulator
Overtemperature and Overcurrent I2C Sequences
Response to Overtemperature fault condition using multiple byte read
LNB Output Disabled
TJMAX
TJMAX-TJ
Overtemperature
TJ
LNB ouput enabled
IRQ
S
T
SDA
ADR
R A
READ
A
READ
A
READ
A
READ
Master Responds to IRQ
Reads Status continuously
TSD = 1
DIS = 1
A
READ
N S
P
S
T
TSD = 0
DIS = 1
ADR
W A
WRITE
A S
P
Master Writes
Re-enables LNB
output
TSD
reset
Response to Overcurrent fault condition using single byte read
LNB output disabled
VLNB
ILNB
LNB output enabled
IRQ
SDA
S
T
ADR
R A
READ
N S
P
Master Responds to IRQ
Reads Status
OCP = 1
DIS = 1
S
T
ADR
W A
Master Writes
Re-enables LNB
output
WRITE
A S
P
S
T
ADR
R A
READ
N S
P
Master Polls
Reads Status
OCP = 0
DIS = 0
OCP
reset
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15
A8285 and
A8287
LNB Supply and Control Voltage Regulator
Terminal List Table
Pin Name
Pin Description
A8287SLB
SOIC-24
A8285SLB
SOIC-16
SCL
I2C Clock Input
1
1
SDA
I2C
2
2
Data Input/Output
IRQ
Interrupt Request
GND
Ground
VREG
VIN
EXTM
3
3
4,5,6,7
4
Analog Supply
8
5
Supply Input Voltage
9
6
External Modulation Input
10
7
ADD
Address Select
11
8
TDO
Tone Detect Out
12
-
TDI
Tone Detect Input
13
-
NC
No Connection
14
9
TCAP
Capacitor for setting the rise and fall time of the LNB output
15
10
TOUT
Tone Generation
16
11
LNB
Output voltage to LNB
GND
Ground
LX
GND
BOOST
VCP
Inductor drive point
17
12
18,19
13
20
14
21,22
-
Tracking supply voltage to linear regulator
23
15
Gate supply voltage
24
16
Ground
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A8285 and
A8287
LNB Supply and Control Voltage Regulator
A8285SLB 16-Pin Batwing SOIC
.406 10.31
.398 10.11
8º
0º
16
.011 0.28
.009 0.23
.299 7.59
.291 7.39
.040 1.02
.020 0.51
.414 10.52
.398 10.11
1
2
.020 0.51
.014 0.36
.104 2.64
.096 2.44
.050 1.27
BSC
.026 0.66
REF
.012 0.30
.004 0.10
Dimensions in inches
Metric dimensions (mm) in brackets, for reference only
Leads 4 and 13 are connected inside the device package.
A8287SLB 24-Pin Batwing SOIC
.606 15.39
.598 15.19
24
8º
0º
19 18
.011 0.28
.009 0.23
.299 7.59
.291 7.39
.040 1.02
.020 0.51
.414 10.52
.398 10.11
1
.020 0.51
.014 0.36
.026 0.66
REF
2
6
7
.050 1.27
BSC
.104 2.64
.096 2.44
.012 0.30
.004 0.10
Dimensions in inches
Metric dimensions (mm) in brackets, for reference only
Leads 6, 7, 18 and 19 are connected intside the device package.
NOTES:
1. Exact body and lead configuration at vendor’s option within limits shown.
2. Lead spacing tolerance is non-cumulative.
3. Supplied in standard sticks/tubes of 49 devices or add “TR” to part number for tape and reel.
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A8285 and
A8287
LNB Supply and Control Voltage Regulator
I2C™ is a trademark of Philips Semiconductors.
DiSEqC™ is a registered trademark of Eutelsat S.A.
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC reserves the right to make, from
time to time, such departures from the detail specifications as may
be required to permit improvements in the performance, reliability,
or manufacturability of its products. Before placing an order, the
user is cautioned to verify that the information being relied upon is
current.
Allegro products are not authorized for use as critical components in life-support devices or systems without express written
approval.
The information included herein is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, Allegro MicroSystems, LLC assumes no responsibility for its use; nor for any infringement of patents or other
rights of third parties which may result from its use.
Copyright©2003-2013 AllegroMicroSystems, LLC
For the latest version of this document, visit our website:
www.allegromicro.com
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18
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