ENA2065 D

Ordering number : ENA2065A
LV8163QA
Bi-CMOS IC
Fan Motor Driver
http://onsemi.com
Single-Phase Full-Wave Driver
Overview
The LV8163QA is a driver IC for single phase fan motor which operates noiselessly by BTL linear output method.
The LV8163QA has variable speed function that corresponds to external PWM single input. Therefore, this IC is
suitable for CPU cooler for note PC and the like which requires low power consumption, noiseless operation and
variable speed functions.
Functions
• Single phase full wave drive by BTL output method.
• Speed control function by PWM input.
• Integrated lock protector and auto recovery circuit.
• Standby mode and quick start function.
• Hall bias output pin.
• Startup support function (100% DUTYSTART)
• FG signal pin, RD signal pin
• Integrated TSD (Thermal ShutDown) circuit
Specifications
Absolute Maximum Ratings at Ta = 25°C
Parameter
Power supply voltage
Symbol
Conditions
Ratings
Unit
VCC max
7
Output pin current
IOUT max
0.7
A
Output pin withstand voltage
VOUT max
7
V
HB output current
IHB max
10
mA
PWM pin voltage
VPWM max
7
V
FG/RD pin sink current
IFG/IRD max
5
mA
FG/RD output pin voltage
VFG/VRD max
7
V
Allowable power dissipation
Pd max
Operating temperature
Topr
-30 to +95
°C
Storage temperature
Tstg
-55 to +150
°C
Mounted on specified board *1
1050
V
mW
*1 Specified substrate : 105mm × 120mm × 1.6mm, two-sided glass epoxy board
*2 Do not exceed Tjmax = 150°C
Caution 1) Absolute maximum ratings represent the value which cannot be exceeded for any length of time.
Caution 2) Even when the device is used within the range of absolute maximum ratings, as a result of continuous usage under high temperature, high current,
high voltage, or drastic temperature change, the reliability of the IC may be degraded. Please contact us for the further details.
Stresses exceeding Maximum Ratings may damage the device. Maximum Ratings are stress ratings only. Functional operation above the Recommended Operating
Conditions is not implied. Extended exposure to stresses above the Recommended Operating Conditions may affect device reliability.
Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC, 2013
May, 2013
N2812NK 20121115-S00004 /53012 SY 20120522-S00007 No.A2065-1/7
LV8163QA
Operating Conditions at Ta = 25°C
Parameter
Symbol
Power supply voltage
VCC
Operating power supply voltage
VCCop
Hall input common-mode input voltage
VICM
Conditions
Ratings
Unit
5.0
V
2.0 to 6.0
V
0.2 to VCC-1.2
V
range
PWM pin input frequency
FPWMIN
20 to 60
kHz
Electrical Characteristics at Ta = 25°C, VCC = 5V
Parameter
Symbol
Ratings
Conditions
min
Circuit current
ICC
During operation
max
0.95
1.3
0.9
ICC st
During Standby mode
HB pin voltage
VHB
IHB = 5mA
Output pin high-level voltage
VOH
IOUT = 200mA (VCC – VOUT)
Output pin low-level voltage
VOL
IOUT = 200mA
Hall amplifier input offset voltage
VINOFS
-6
Hall amplifier voltage gain
GH
44
PWM pin input Low level voltage
VPWML
PWM pin input High level voltage
VPWMH
1.6
mA
10
30
μA
1.03
1.2
V
0.16
0.23
V
0.10
0.15
45.5
mV
47
dB
V
1.8
6.0
V
VCC×
6.0
V
0.3
V
VCC < 4V
VCC
V
6
VCC×0.2
0
4V
Unit
typ
0.45
FG/RD pin low-level voltage
VFGL/VRDL
IFG/IRD = 3mA
FG/RD pin leak current
IFGL/IRDL
VFG/VRD = 7V
FG comparator hysteresis width
FGHYS
Lock-detection output ON time
LT1
0.4
10
μA
±8
±16
mV
0.6
0.8
sec
sec
Lock-detection output OFF time
LT2
Lock-detection output ON/OFF ratio
LRTO
LRTO=LT2/LT1
4
6
8
8
10
12
Thermal shutdown operating temperature
TSD
Design guarantee *
180
°C
Thermal shutdown hysteresis width
ΔTSD
Design guarantee *
30
°C
* Design target: These values are the target value in designs. The parameters are not measured independently.
Pin Assignment
IN1
1
10
RD
HB
2
9
FG
IN2
3
8
PWM
OUT1
4
7
VCC
GND
5
6
OUT2
Top view
Truth value table
IN1
IN2
High
Low
PWM
OUT1
High
Low
High
*
FG
RD
Low
Operation (OUT2→OUT1)
OFF
Low
Recirculation
OFF
Lock protector (see *1)
High
Low
*
Low
OUT2
Low
OFF
High
High
Low
Low
*
OFF
Low
Low
Low
Low
Low
OFF
Mode
Low
Operation (OUT1→OUT2)
Low
Recirculation
OFF
Lock protector (see *1)
Low
Standby (see *2)
*1 If FG pulse is not switched when lock detection output is ON, lock protecdtor mode is set.
*2 Standby mode is set when time of lock protecdtor + PWM input low level voltage is greator than 750μs.
Standby mode is set when time of low level voltage is 750μs and voltage is supplied and PWM input is at low level voltage.
No.A2065-2/7
LV8163QA
Package Dimensions
unit : mm (typ)
3432
TOP VIEW
Pd max -- Ta
1.5
2.6
0.127
1 2
0 to 0.05
SIDE VIEW
0.35
BOTTOM VIEW
2.125
1
0.55 MAX
2.6
Ambient temperature, Pd max -- W
Specified board (105×120×1.6mm3, paper phenol)
1.05
1.0
0.5
0.46
0
--30
5
30
0
60
90
120
0.2 MIN
1.235
Ambient temperature, Ta -- °C
10
0.5
6
0.25
SANYO : UDFN10(2.6X2.6)
Block Diagram
LOCK
DETECTION
IN1
1
HB
2
OSC
CONTROL
10
RD
9
FG
TSD
HB
VCC
500k
8
PWM
4
7
VCC
5
6
OUT2
GND
+
+
-
OUT1
10k
+
-
3
+
IN2
No.A2065-3/7
LV8163QA
Example of circuit application
*6
1 IN1
2 HB
H
*2
RD 10
RDOUT
FG 9
FGOUT
PWM 8
PWMIN
*5
*3
3 IN2
4 OUT1
5 GND
*4
VCC 7
*1
*7
OUT2 6
*1 < Capacitor for power stabilization >
The capacitor for power stabilization must be 1μF or greater. The capacitor is not removable.
Make sure to connect the capacitor with the think and shortest possible pattern between VCC and GND.
When a protection diode against reverse connection is used. If supply voltage increases due to coil kickback, connect
zener diode between power supply and GND.
This IC performs synchronous rectification to reduce hest generation and to enhance efficiency.
Depends on usage conditions, coil current may flow back to power supply by synchronous rectification.
*when output DUTY is reduced rapidly.
*When PWM input frequency is low.
The increase of supply voltage varies depends on the presence of diode (to prevent IC descruction from reverse
connection), the size of power capacitor, and usage fan. If the increase of supply voltage is excessive, use capacitor
with enough capacitance or connect zener between power supply and GND so that the voltage is within the absolute
maximum ratings.
*2 < HB pin >
Constant voltage output pin, which is used as bias for Hall element.
When Hall element is biased from VCC line and HB pin is unused, HB pin should be pulled down to GND with
resistor of 1kΩ.
Bias for power supply and bias for HB pin cannot be used together.
Connect a resistor between Hall element and GND to adjust amplitude of Hall element.
*3 < IN1,IN2 pin >
Hall element signal input pin.
Make sure to keep the wiring short to prevent noise.
If noise is generated, use capacitor between IN1 and IN2.
As for Hall input level, the following conditions must be met:
Difference of voltage between IN1 and IN2 > usage voltage / Hall amplifier gain + Hall amplifier input offset
No.A2065-4/7
LV8163QA
*4 < PWM pin >
Motor speed control sifnal input pin.
PWM pin is pulled up at 500kΩ in LV8136QA.
Resistance of 500kΩ is used for full-speed setting when PWM pin is open.
In order to control motor speed using open Collector input method (open drain), pull-up is required using suitable
resistance.
Pull-up resistance is not required when motor speed is controlled by Push-pull input method.
The order of power supply is optinal; either to power supply voltage or PWM input, under one of the following
conditions.
1) When open collector input method is used.
2) Pull-up resistance is not implemented and Push-pull input method is used.
It is recommended to connect a resistance greator than 1kΩ in series to protect PWM pin against open GND and
misconnection.
*5 < FG pin >
Used as rotation counter.
This pin is open drain output. You can count rotations according to phase change.
This pin is set to off during standby mode.
Make sure to set this pin open when unused.
It is recommended to connect a resistance greater than 1kΩ in series to protect PWM pin against open GND and
misconnection.
*6 < RD pin >
Used as lock detector.
This pin is open drain output. During rotation, RD pin is set to low-level voltage. During lock detection, it is set to off.
During standby, it is set to low-level voltage.
Make sure to set this pin open when unused.
It is recommended to connect a resistance greator than 1kΩ in series to protect PWM pin against open GND and
misconnection.
*7 < Low power dissipation during standby >
During standby, the fan motor used in LV8136QA can reduce power dissipation into 10µA (under room temperature,
Typ).
However, power dissipation cannot be reduced into 10µA under the following conditions.
• When bias of Hall element is supplied from power supply:
→ Current flowing into Hall element increases.
• When pull-up resistor is used to PWM pin
→ During standby, the current flowing into pull-up resistor increases because PWM pin must be set to low-level
voltage.
• When using RD pin
→ During standby, the current flowing into pull-up resistor increases because RD pin turns low-level voltage.
No.A2065-5/7
LV8163QA
Timing Chart
Switch: stand-by/operation
VCC
TSLP
TSLP
PWM
FG
HB
IN2
IN1
Stand-by
Active
Active
Active
Waiting for FG pulse
LT1
Stand-by
*1 TSLP=750μs(typ)
*2 If PWM signal is low-level voltage for the period of TSLP and FG signal is not switched for the period of
LT1, the mode is set to standby.
When turning on power, if PWM signal is low-level voltage for the period of TSLP, the mode is set to
standby.
*3 During standby mode, FG pin is set to OFF and RD pin is set to low^level voltage.
Lock protector
Constraint by fan
Cancellation of fan constraint
IN1
IN2
OUT1
OUT2
FG
RD
Power ON
Power OFF
Waiting for FG pulse
LT1
Power ON
Lock protection
FG detection
LT2
Restart
*1 When lock protector is in operation, OUT1 and OUT2 are both set to low-level voltage.
*2 RD is set to off during the period of lock protection. After lock protector is cancelled, RD is set to low-level
voltage when FG switches from OFF to L or L OFF.
*3 If PWM = low-level voltage is inputted for the period of TSLP during lock protection, the mode is set to
standby.
*4 The operations start at 100% DUTY when turning on the power, cancelling lock protection, or recovering
from standby mode.
( Switch of FG between OFF → L and L → OFF takes place for 5 or 6 times)
No.A2065-6/7
LV8163QA
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PS No.A2065-7/7
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