CAT4008 D

CAT4008
8-Channel Constant Current
LED Driver
Description
The CAT4008 is an 8 channel constant current driver for LED
billboard and other general display applications. LED channel
currents are programmed together via an external RSET resistor. Low
output voltage operation on the LED channels as low as 0.4 V (for 2 to
100 mA LED current) allows for more power efficient designs.
A high−speed 4−wire serial interface of up to 25 MHz clock
frequency controls each individual channel using a shift register and
latch configuration. A serial output data pin (SOUT) allows multiple
devices to be cascaded and programmed via one serial interface. The
device also includes a blanking control pin (BLANK) that can be used
to disable all channels independently of the interface.
Thermal shutdown protection is incorporated in the device to
disable the LED outputs if the die temperature exceeds a set limit.
The device is available in the TSSOP package.
Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
8 Constant Current−sink Channels
Serial Interface up to 25 MHz Clock Frequency
3 V to 5.5 V Logic Supply
LED Current Range from 2 mA to 100 mA
LED Current set by External RSET Resistor
300 mV LED Dropout at 30 mA
Thermal Shutdown Protection
Available in 16−lead SOIC (150 and 300 mil wide), and TSSOP
Packages
These Devices are Pb−Free, Halogen Free/BFR Free and are RoHS
Compliant
Applications
•
•
•
•
July, 2015 − Rev. 3
MARKING
DIAGRAM
1
AB
4008YZZ
3YMXXX
TSSOP−16
Y SUFFIX
CASE 948AN
CAT4008Y−T2
A = Assembly Location
3 = Lead Finish − Matte−Tin
B = Product Revision (Fixed as “B”)
4008Y = Device Code
Z or ZZ = Leave Blank
Y = Production Year (Last Digit)
M = Production Month (1-9, A, B, C)
XXX or XXXX = Last Three of Four Digits of
XXX or XXXX = Assembly Lot Number
PIN CONNECTIONS
1
GND
SIN
SCLK
XLAT
LED1
LED2
LED3
LED4
VDD
RSET
SOUT
BLANK
LED8
LED7
LED6
LED5
16−Lead TSSOP (Y)
(Top View)
Billboard Display
Marquee Display
Instrument Display
General Purpose Display
© Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC, 2015
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ORDERING INFORMATION
See detailed ordering and shipping information in the package
dimensions section on page 11 of this data sheet.
1
Publication Order Number:
CAT4008/D
CAT4008
VIN
3 V to
5.5 V
1 mF
20 mA
CONTROLLER
VDD LED1 LED2
LED8
BLANK
LATCH
CAT4008
SOUT
to next
device
SIN
RSET
CLK
GND
3.09 kW
Figure 1. Typical Application Circuit
Table 1. ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Parameter
Rating
Units
6
V
−0.3 V to VDD+0.3 V
V
6
V
150
mA
Storage Temperature Range
−55 to +160
_C
Junction Temperature Range
−40 to +150
_C
300
_C
VDD Supply Voltage
Logic input/output voltage (SIN, SOUT, CLK, BLANK, LATCH)
LEDn voltage
DC output current on LED1 to LED8
Lead Soldering Temperature (10 sec.)
Stresses exceeding those listed in the Maximum Ratings table may damage the device. If any of these limits are exceeded, device functionality
should not be assumed, damage may occur and reliability may be affected.
Table 2. RECOMMENDED OPERATING CONDITIONS
Range
Units
VDD
Parameter
3.0 to 5.5
V
Voltage applied to LED1 to LED8
0.4 to 5.5
V
LED current RSET control range
up to 100
mA
Ambient Temperature Range
−40 to +85
_C
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2
CAT4008
Table 3. ELECTRICAL OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS
(VDD = 5.0 V, TAMB = 25°C, over recommended operating conditions unless specified otherwise.)
Symbol
Name
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Units
LED Current (any channel)
VLED = 1 V, RSET = 3.08 kW
18
20
22
mA
VLED = 1 V, RSET = 1.54 kW
36
40
44
DC CHARACTERISTICS
ILED−ACC
ILED−MAT
LED Current Matching
(ILED − ILEDAVR) / ILEDAVR
VLED = 1 V, RSET = 769 W
80
VLED = 1 V, RSET = 3.08 kW
±1.5
VLED = 1 V, RSET = 1.54 kW
−6.0
±1.5
VLED = 1 V, RSET = 769 W
±2.0
%
+6.0
ΔIVDD
LED current regulation vs. VDD
VDD within 4.5 V and 5.5 V
LED current 30 mA
±0.1
%/V
ΔIVLED
LED current regulation vs. VLED
VLED within 1 V and 3 V
LED current 30 mA
±0.05
%/V
IDDOFF
Supply Current (all outputs off)
RSET = 3.08 kW
2
RSET = 769 W
5.5
2.5
8
mA
9
mA
1
mA
IDDON
Supply Current (all outputs on)
RSET = 3.08 kW
ILKG
LEDn output Leakage
VLED = 5 V, outputs off
RLATCH
LATCH Pull−down Resistance
100
180
300
kW
RBLANK
BLANK Pull−up Resistance
100
180
300
kW
VIH
VIL
Logic high input voltage
Logic low input voltage
0.7xVDD
VHYS
Logic input hysteresis voltage
IIL
Logic Input leakage current
(CLK, SIN)
VI = VDD or GND
−5
VOH
VOL
SOUT logic high output voltage
SOUT logic low output voltage
IOH = −1 mA
IOL = 1 mA
VCC−0.3 V
VRSET
RSET Regulated Voltage
BLANK high, outputs off
1.17
TSD
Thermal Shutdown
160
°C
THYST
Thermal Hysteresis
20
°C
RSET = 769 W
6.2
−1
V
0.3xVDD
0.1xVDD
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3
0
V
5
mA
V
0.3
1.20
1.23
V
CAT4008
Table 4. TIMING CHARACTERISTICS
(For 3.0 V ≤ VDD ≤ 5.5 V, TAMB = 25°C, unless specified otherwise.)
Name
Symbol
Min
(Note 1)
Conditions
Typ
(Note 2)
Max
(Note 1)
Units
25
MHz
CLK
fclk
CLK Clock Frequency
tcwh
CLK Pulse Width High
20
ns
tcwl
CLK Pulse Width Low
20
ns
tssu
Setup time SIN to CLK
4
ns
tsh
Hold time SIN to CLK
4
ns
tlwh
LATCH Pulse width
20
ns
Tlh
Hold time LATCH to CLK
4
ns
Tlsu
Setup time LATCH to CLK
Channel Stagger Delay
400
ns
tld
LED1 Propagation delay
LATCH to LED1 off/on
40
300
ns
tls
LED Propagation delay stagger
LED(n) to LED(n+1)
17
40
ns
tlst
LED Propagation delay stagger total
LED1 to LED8
120
tbd
BLANK Propagation delay
BLANK to LED(n) off/on
60
300
ns
tlr
LED rise time (10% to 90%)
Pull−up resistor = 50 W to 3.0 V
40
200
ns
tlf
LED fall time (90% to 10%)
Pull−up resistor = 50 W to 3.0 V
30
250
ns
tor
SOUT rise time (10% to 90%)
CL = 15 pF
5
ns
tof
SOUT fall time (90% to 10%)
CL = 15 pF
5
ns
tod
Propagation delay time SOUT
CLK to SOUT
SIN
LATCH
LEDn
ns
SOUT
8
15
1. All min and max values are guaranteed by design.
2. VDD = 5 V, LED current 30 mA.
1 mF
VDD
VDD
Rp
50 W
Rp
50 W
CONTROLLER
LED1
BLANK
LATCH
CAT4008
LED8
SIN
V1
CLK
SOUT
RSET
GND
Cl
15 pF
RSET
Figure 2. Test Circuit for AC Characteristics
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4
3V
25
ns
CAT4008
1/fclk
CLK
tssu
tsh
tcwl
tcwh
SIN
tod
SOUT
tlh
tlsu
LATCH
tlwh
Figure 3. Serial Input Timing Diagram
tld
LATCH
tbd
BLANK
tls
LED1
LED2
tlst = 7 tls
LED8
Figure 4. LED Output Timing Diagram
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5
CAT4008
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
70
4.0
60
3.5
SUPPLY CURRENT (mA)
LED CURRENT (mA)
(VDD = 5.0 V, LED current 30 mA, all LEDs On, TAMB = 25°C unless otherwise specified.)
50
40
30
20
10
0
0.3
0.6
0.9
1.2
ALL LED’s OFF
2.0
1.5
1.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
LED PIN (V)
VDD (V)
Figure 5. LED Current vs. LED Pin Voltage
Figure 6. Supply Current vs. VDD Pin Voltage
31.5
8
7
SUPPLY CURRENT (mA)
31.0
LED CURRENT (mA)
2.5
1.0
0
30.5
30.0
29.5
29.0
6
5
ALL LED’s ON
4
3
ALL LED’s OFF
2
1
0
28.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
0
5.5
0.5
1.0
1.5
VDD (V)
RSET CURRENT (mA)
Figure 7. LED Current vs. VDD Pin Voltage
Figure 8. Supply Current vs. RSET Current
2.0
100
1.30
80
LED CURRENT (mA)
1.25
RSET PIN (V)
ALL LED’s ON
3.0
1.20
1.15
60
40
20
1.10
0
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
0.1
1
10
VDD (V)
RSET (kW)
Figure 9. RSET Voltage vs. VDD Pin Voltage
Figure 10. LED Current vs. RSET Resistor
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6
100
CAT4008
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
(VDD = 5.0 V, LED current 30 mA, all LEDs On, TAMB = 25°C unless otherwise specified.)
1.30
31.5
31.0
LED CURRENT (mA)
RSET PIN (V)
1.25
1.20
1.15
30.5
30.0
29.5
29.0
0
50
100
28.5
−50
150
0
50
100
150
TEMPERATURE (°C)
TEMPERATURE (°C)
Figure 11. RSET Voltage vs. Temperature
Figure 12. LED Current vs. Temperature
30
30
25
25
PULL−UP CURRENT (mA)
PULL−DOWN CURRENT (mA)
1.10
−50
20
15
10
5
0
20
15
10
5
0
0
1
2
3
4
5
0
1
2
3
4
LATCH VOLTAGE (V)
BLANK VOLTAGE (V)
Figure 13. Internal Pull−Down Current
(LATCH Pin)
Figure 14. Internal Pull−Up Current
(BLANK Pin)
100
DUTY CYCLE (%)
80
60
40
20
0
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
LED CURRENT (mA)
Figure 15. PWM Dimming on BLANK Pin
(f = 10 kHz)
Figure 16. BLANK Transient Response
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5
CAT4008
Table 5. PIN DESCRIPTION
Name
Function
GND
Ground
SIN
Serial data input pin
CLK
Serial clock input pin
LATCH
LED1−LED8
Latch serial data to output registers
LED channel 1 to 8 cathode terminals
BLANK
Enable / disable all channels
SOUT
Serial data output pin.
RSET
LED current set pin
VDD
Positive supply Voltage
Pin Function
GND is the ground reference pin for the device. This pin
must be connected to the ground plane on the PCB.
SIN is the serial data input. Data is loaded into the internal
register on each rising edge of CLK.
CLK is the serial clock input. On each rising CLK edge, data
is transferred from SIN to the internal 8−bit serial shift
register.
LATCH is the latch data input. On the rising edge of
LATCH, data is loaded from the 8−bit serial shift register
into the output register latch. On the falling edge, this data
is latched in the output register and isolated from the state of
the serial shift register.
LED1 – LED8 are the LED current sink channels. These
pins are connected to the LED cathodes. The current sinks
drive the LEDs with a current equal to about 51 times RSET
pin current. For the LED sink to operate correctly, the
voltage on the LED pin must be above 0.4 V.
BLANK is the LED channel enable and disable input pin.
When low, LEDs are enabled according to the output latch
register content. When high, all LEDs are off, while
preserving the data in the output latch register.
SOUT is the serial data output of the 8−bit serial shift
register. This pin is used to cascade several devices on the
serial bus. The SOUT pin is then connected to the SIN input
of the next device on the serial bus to cascade.
RSET is the LED current setting pin. A resistor is connected
between this pin and ground. Each LED channel current is
set to about 51 times the current pulled out of the pin. The
RSET pin voltage is regulated to 1.2 V.
VDD is the positive supply pin voltage for the entire device.
A small 1 mF ceramic is recommended close to pin.
Current Setting Resistor
Table 6 lists standard resistor values for various LED
current settings.
Table 6. LED CURRENT
AND RSET RESISTOR VALUES
LED Current [mA]
RSET [kW]
10
6.19
20
3.09
30
2.05
40
1.54
60
1.02
80
0.768
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8
CAT4008
Block Diagram
LED1 LED2 LED3
LED8
VDD
+
VIN
+
CURRENT
SINKS
Current
Setting
BLANK
RSET
1.2 V Ref
GND
LATCH
SIN
LATCHES
L1
L2
L3
L8
SHIFT
REGISTER
S1
S2
S3
S8
SOUT
CLK
Figure 17. CAT4008 Functional Block Diagram
Basic Operation
The CAT4008 uses 8 tightly matched current sinks to
accurately regulate the LED current in each channel. The
external resistor, RSET, is used to set the LED channel
current to about 51 times the current in RSET.
LED current ^ 51
Pull−up and pull−down resistors are internally provided to
set the state of the BLANK and LATCH pins to the off−state
when not externally driven.
Serial Interface
1.2
R SET
A high−speed serial 4−wire interface is provided to
program the state of each LED on or off. The interface
contains an 8−bit serial to parallel shift register (S1−S8) and
an 8−bit latch (L1−L8). Programming the serial to parallel
register is accomplished via SIN and CLK input pins. On
each rising edge of the CLK signal, the data from SIN is
moved through the shift register serially. Data is also moved
out of SOUT which can be connected to a next device if
programming more than one device on the same interface.
On the rising edge of LATCH, the data contents of the
serial to parallel shift register is reflected in the latches. On
the falling edge of LATCH, the state of the serial to parallel
register at that particular time is saved in the latches and does
not change irrespective of the contents of the serial to
parallel register.
BLANK is used to disable all LEDs (turn off)
simultaneously while maintaining the same data in the latch
register. When low, the LED outputs reflect the data in the
latches. When high, all outputs are high impedance (zero
current).
Tight current regulation for all channels is possible over
a wide range of input and LED voltages due to independent
current sensing circuitry on each channel. The LED
channels have a maximum dropout of 0.4 V for most current
and supply voltage conditions. This helps improve the heat
dissipation and efficiency of the LED driver.
Upon power−up, an under−voltage lockout circuit clears
all latches and shift registers and sets all outputs to off. Once
the under−voltage lockout threshold has been reached the
device can be programmed.
The driver delays the activation of each consecutive LED
output channel by 17 ns (typical). Relative to LED1, LED2
is delayed by 17 ns, LED3 by 34 ns and LED8 by 120 ns
typical. The delay is introduced when LATCH is activated.
The delay minimizes the inrush current on the LED supply
by staggering the turn on and off current spikes over a period
of time and therefore allowing usage of smaller bypass
capacitors.
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CAT4008
PACKAGE DIMENSIONS
TSSOP16, 4.4x5
CASE 948AN
ISSUE O
b
SYMBOL
MIN
NOM
1.10
A
E1 E
MAX
A1
0.05
0.15
A2
0.85
0.95
b
0.19
0.30
c
0.13
0.20
D
4.90
5.10
E
6.30
6.50
E1
4.30
4.50
0.65 BSC
e
L
1.00 REF
L1
0.45
0.75
θ
0º
8º
e
PIN#1
IDENTIFICATION
TOP VIEW
D
A2
A
c
θ1
A1
L1
SIDE VIEW
END VIEW
Notes:
(1) All dimensions are in millimeters. Angles in degrees.
(2) Complies with JEDEC MO-153.
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10
L
CAT4008
Table 7. ORDERING INFORMATION
Part Number
Marking
Package
Shipping†
CAT4008Y-T2
CAT4008Y
TSSOP16
(Pb−Free)
2,000 / Tape & Reel
†For information on tape and reel specifications, including part orientation and tape sizes, please refer to our Tape and Reel Packaging
Specifications Brochure, BRD8011/D.
ON Semiconductor and the
are registered trademarks of Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC (SCILLC) or its subsidiaries in the United States and/or other countries.
SCILLC owns the rights to a number of patents, trademarks, copyrights, trade secrets, and other intellectual property. A listing of SCILLC’s product/patent coverage may be accessed
at www.onsemi.com/site/pdf/Patent−Marking.pdf. SCILLC reserves the right to make changes without further notice to any products herein. SCILLC makes no warranty, representation
or guarantee regarding the suitability of its products for any particular purpose, nor does SCILLC assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit, and
specifically disclaims any and all liability, including without limitation special, consequential or incidental damages. “Typical” parameters which may be provided in SCILLC data sheets
and/or specifications can and do vary in different applications and actual performance may vary over time. All operating parameters, including “Typicals” must be validated for each
customer application by customer’s technical experts. SCILLC does not convey any license under its patent rights nor the rights of others. SCILLC products are not designed, intended,
or authorized for use as components in systems intended for surgical implant into the body, or other applications intended to support or sustain life, or for any other application in which
the failure of the SCILLC product could create a situation where personal injury or death may occur. Should Buyer purchase or use SCILLC products for any such unintended or
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PUBLICATION ORDERING INFORMATION
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Phone: 303−675−2175 or 800−344−3860 Toll Free USA/Canada
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Order Literature: http://www.onsemi.com/orderlit
For additional information, please contact your local
Sales Representative
CAT4008/D
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