CAT4101 D

CAT4101
1 A Constant-Current LED
Driver with PWM Dimming
Description
The CAT4101 is a constant−current sink driving a string of
high−brightness LEDs up to 1 A with very low dropout of 0.5 V at full
load. It requires no inductor, provides a low noise operation and
minimizes the number of components. The LED current is set by an
external resistor connected to the RSET pin. The LED pin is
compatible with high voltage up to 25 V, allowing the driving of long
strings of LEDs. The device ensures an accurate and regulated current
in the LEDs independent of supply and LED forward voltage
variation.
The PWM/EN input allows the device shutdown and the LED
brightness adjustment by using an external pulse width modulation
(PWM) signal.
The driver features a thermal shutdown protection that becomes
active whenever the die temperature exceeds 150°C.
The device is available in a high−power, 5−lead TO−263 package
offering excellent thermal dissipation characteristics.
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D2PAK 5
(TO−263, 5 LEAD)
TV SUFFIX
CASE 418AH
PIN CONNECTIONS
1
EN/PWM
VIN
TAB
GND
RSET
LED
Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Accurate 1 A Current Sink
Up to 25 V Operation on LED Pin
Low Dropout 500 mV at 1 A
LED Current Set by External Resistor
High Resolution PWM Dimming via EN/PWM
“Zero” Current Shutdown Mode
Thermal Shutdown Protection
TO−263 (D2PAK) 5−lead Package
This Device is Pb−Free, Halogen Free/BFR Free and is RoHS
Compliant
Applications
• High Power LED up to 1 A
• Architectural and General Lighting
• Automotive Lighting
VCC
3 V to 25 V
VIN
5V
OFF ON
549 W
(Top View)
MARKING DIAGRAM
CAT4101TV
XXXXXXXXX
1
CAT4101TV = Specific Device Code
XXXXXXXXX = Internal Traceability
ORDERING INFORMATION
Device
CAT4101TV−T75
LEDs
1A
Package
Shipping†
TO−263
750 /
(D2PAK, 5 Lead) Tape & Reel
(Pb−Free)
†For information on tape and reel specifications,
including part orientation and tape sizes, please
refer to our Tape and Reel Packaging Specification
Brochure, BRD8011/D.
VIN
CAT4101
EN/PWM LED
RSET
GND
Figure 1. Typical Application Circuit
© Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC, 2012
July, 2012 − Rev. 8
1
Publication Order Number:
CAT4101/D
CAT4101
Table 1. ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Parameter
Rating
Units
VIN, RSET, EN/PWM Voltages
6
V
LED Voltage
25
V
Storage Temperature Range
−65 to +150
_C
Junction Temperature Range
−40 to +150
_C
300
_C
Lead Temperature
Stresses exceeding Maximum Ratings may damage the device. Maximum Ratings are stress ratings only. Functional operation above the
Recommended Operating Conditions is not implied. Extended exposure to stresses above the Recommended Operating Conditions may affect
device reliability.
Table 2. RECOMMENDED OPERATING CONDITIONS
Parameter
Rating
Units
VIN Voltage
3.0 to 5.5
V
LED Pin Voltage
device enabled, continuous operation
device disabled or transient when enabled
Up to 6
Up to 25
V
Ambient Temperature Range
LED Pin Current
−40 to +85
_C
Up to 1
A
NOTE: Typical application circuit with external components is shown on page 1.
1. For additional temperature options, please contact your nearest ON Semiconductor Sales office.
Table 3. ELECTRICAL OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS (Min and Max values in bold are over recommended operating
conditions unless specified otherwise. Typical values are at VIN = 5.0 V, TAMB = 25°C)
Symbol
ILED−ACC
Parameter
LED Current Accuracy
VDOUT
Dropout Voltage
VRSET
RSET Pin Voltage
IQ
Quiescent Current
IQSHDN
REN/PWM
VHI
VLO
THYS
Thermal Hysteresis
Min
Typ
Max
Units
315
350
385
mA
VLED = 1 V, RSET = 750 W
700
VLED = 1 V, RSET = 549 W
1000
ILED = 1 A
500
1.17
1.20
No LED, RSET = Floating
0.8
No LED, RSET = 549 W
8.0
VEN = 0 V
EN/PWM Pin
− Pull−down resistance
− Logic High Level
− Logic Low Level
Thermal Shutdown
VUVLO
VLED = 1 V, RSET = 1.47 kW
Shutdown Current
TSD
ILED/IRSET
Conditions
mV
1.23
mA
1
mA
0.4
kW
V
V
200
1.3
RSET to LED Current gain ratio
100 mA LED current
Undervoltage lockout (UVLO) Threshold
150
_C
20
_C
400
2.0
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2
V
V
CAT4101
Table 4. RECOMMENDED EN/PWM TIMING
(For 3.0 V ≤ VIN ≤ 5.5 V, over full ambient temperature range −40°C to +85°C.)
Symbol
Name
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Units
TPS
Turn−On time, EN/PWM rising to ILED from
Shutdown
ILED = 1 A
ILED = 350 mA
1.6
1.1
ms
TP1
Turn−On time, EN/PWM rising to ILED
ILED = 1 A
ILED = 350 mA
920
620
ns
TP2
Turn−Off time, EN/PWM falling to ILED
ILED = 1 A
ILED = 350 mA
440
310
ns
TR
LED rise time
ILED = 1 A
ILED = 350 mA
840
390
ns
TF
LED fall time
ILED = 1 A
ILED = 350 mA
470
350
ns
TLO
EN/PWM low time
1
ms
THI
EN/PWM high time
5
ms
TPWRDWN
EN/PWM low time to shutdown delay
8
THI
ms
TPWRDWN
TLO
EN/PWM
SHUTDOWN
SHUTDOWN
TP2
TF
TPS
TP1
TR
ILED = (1.2 V / RSET) x 400
90%
LED CURRENT
50%
50%
10%
SHUTDOWN 0 mA
0 mA
VIN QUIESCENT CURRENT
SHUTDOWN 0 mA
SHUTDOWN
Figure 2. CAT4101 EN/PWM Timing
EN/PWM Operation
The EN/PWM pin has two primary functions. One
function enables and disables the device. The other function
turns the LED channel on and off for PWM dimming
control. The device has a very fast turn−on time (from
EN/PWM rising to LED on) and allows “instant on” when
dimming LED using a PWM signal.
Accurate linear dimming is compatible with PWM
frequencies from 100 Hz to 5 kHz for PWM duty cycle
down to 1%. PWM frequencies up to 50 kHz can be
supported for duty cycles greater than 10%.
When performing a combination of low frequencies and
small duty cycles, the device may enter shutdown mode.
This has no effect on the dimming accuracy, because the
turn−on time TPS is very short, in the range of 1 ms.
To ensure that PWM pulses are recognized, pulse width
low time TLO should be longer than 1 ms. The CAT4101
enters a “zero current” shutdown mode after a 5 ms delay
(typical) when EN/PWM is held low.
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CAT4101
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
(VIN = 5 V, VCC = 5 V, VF = 3.5 V, ILED = 1 A (1 LED), CIN = 1 mF, TAMB = 25°C unless otherwise specified.)
8.0
No Load
QUIESCENT CURRENT (mA)
QUIESCENT CURRENT (mA)
1.2
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
2.0
0
200
400
600
800
1000
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
LED CURRENT (mA)
Figure 3. Quiescent Current vs. VIN Voltage
(ILED = 0 mA)
Figure 4. Quiescent Current vs. LED Current
1.2
Full Load
1.0
LED CURRENT (A)
8.0
7.5
7.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
6.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
0
5.5
0.3
0.6
0.9
1.2
LED PIN VOLTAGE (V)
Figure 5. Quiescent Current vs. VIN Voltage
(Full Load)
Figure 6. LED Current vs. LED Pin Voltage
1.2
1.2
1.1
1.1
1.0
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.4
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
0.3
5.5
−40
0
40
80
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
TEMPERATURE (°C)
Figure 7. LED Current Change vs. VIN Voltage
Figure 8. LED Current Change vs.
Temperature
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4
1.5
0.9
0.5
0.3
0
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
LED CURRENT (A)
QUIESCENT CURRENT (mA)
4.0
0
5.5
8.5
LED CURRENT (A)
6.0
120
CAT4101
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
1.30
1.30
1.25
1.25
RSET VOLTAGE (V)
RSET VOLTAGE (V)
(VIN = 5 V, VCC = 5 V, VF = 3.5 V, ILED = 1 A (1 LED), CIN = 1 mF, TAMB = 25°C unless otherwise specified.)
1.20
1.15
1.10
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
1.20
1.15
1.10
−40
5.5
0
40
80
120
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
TEMPERATURE (°C)
Figure 9. RSET Pin Voltage vs. VIN Voltage
Figure 10. RSET Pin Voltage vs. Temperature
1.2
LED CURRENT (A)
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0
1
2
3
4
5
RSET (kW)
Figure 11. LED Current vs. RSET Resistor
Figure 12. PWM 200 Hz, 1% Duty Cycle
1.4
ENABLE THRESHOLD (V)
LED CURRENT (%)
100
10
1
100 Hz
0.1
1 kHz
0.1
5 kHz
1
50 kHz
10
1.2
25°C
85°C
0.8
0.6
0.4
100
−40°C
1.0
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
DUTY CYCLE (%)
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
Figure 13. LED Current vs. PWM Duty Cycle
Figure 14. EN/PWM Threshold vs. VIN
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5
5.5
CAT4101
Table 5. PIN DESCRIPTIONS
Name
Pin
Function
EN/PWM
1
Device enable (active high) and PWM control.
VIN
2
Device supply input, connect to battery or supply.
GND
3
Ground reference.
RSET
4
A resistor connected between this pin and ground sets the LED current.
LED
5
Bottom LED cathode terminal.
TAB
–
Connect TAB to the Ground plane.
Pin Function
VIN is the supply pin for the device. A small 0.1 mF ceramic
bypass capacitor is optional for noisy environments. The
maximum operating voltage is 6.0 V. Whenever the input
supply falls below the under−voltage threshold, the current
sink will automatically be disabled.
EN/PWM is the enable and one wire dimming input for the
LED channel. Guaranteed levels of logic high and logic low
are set at 1.3 V and 0.4 V respectively. When EN/PWM is
initially taken high, the device becomes enabled and the
LED current is set at a gain of 400 times the current in RSET.
To place the device into zero current shutdown mode, the
EN/PWM pin must be held low for 5 ms typical.
LED pin is connected to the bottom LED cathode and
provides a regulated current sink. The pin enters a
high−impedance zero−current state whenever the device is
placed in shutdown mode.
RSET pin is connected to an external resistor to set the LED
current. The ground side of the external resistor should be
star connected to the GND of the PCB. The pin source
current mirrors the current to the LED sink. The voltage at
this pin is regulated to 1.2 V.
GND is the ground reference for the device. The pin must be
connected to the ground plane on the PCB.
TAB is the exposed pad underneath the package. For best
thermal performance, the tab should be soldered to the PCB
and connected to the ground plane.
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CAT4101
Block Diagram
VIN
LED
Undervoltage & Thermal
Lockout
VIN
EN/PWM
Shutdown Delay
Reference Voltage
RSET
Current
Regulator
RSET Regulator & Mirror
GND
Figure 15. CAT4101 Functional Block Diagram
Basic Operation
The CAT4101 has one highly accurate LED current sink
to regulate LED current in a string of LEDs. The LED
current is mirrored from the current flowing from the RSET
pin. Table 6 lists various RSET resistor values for LED
current in 100 mA increments.
The LED channel needs a minimum of 500 mV headroom
to sink constant regulated current. If the input supply falls
below 2 V, the under−voltage lockout circuit disables the
LED channel.
For applications requiring current higher than 1 A, several
CAT4101 devices can be connected in parallel.
The LED channel can withstand and operate at voltages
up to 25 V. This makes the device ideal for driving long
strings of high power LEDs from a high voltage source.
Table 6. RSET RESISTOR SETTINGS
LED Current [mA]
RSET [W]
100
4990
200
2490
300
1690
400
1270
500
1050
600
866
700
768
800
680
900
604
1000
549
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CAT4101
Application Information
Single 12 V Supply
For a given package style and board layout, the operating
junction temperature TJ is a function of the power
dissipation PD, and the ambient temperature, resulting in the
following equation:
The circuit shown in Figure 16 shows how to power three
LEDs in series from a single 12 V supply using the
CAT4101. The CAT4101 can not be driven directly from
12 V, three components are needed to create a lower voltage
for the VIN pin (below 5.5 V). Resistor R2 and zener diode
D provide a regulated voltage while the quiescent current
runs through the N−Channel transistor M. Suitable parts for
this circuit are the ON Semiconductor MM3Z6V2 zener
diode and the 2N7002L N−channel transistor (SOT23
package).
12 V
C2
1 mF
R2
5 kW
T J + T AMB ) P D(q JC ) q CA) + T AMB ) P D q JA
The CAT4101 TO−263 5−lead package provides a thermal
resistance when the ground tab is soldered down to the PCB.
When mounted on a double−sided printed circuit board with
two square inches of copper allocated for “heat spreading”,
the resulting qJA is about 30°C/W.
For example, at 60°C ambient temperature, the maximum
power dissipation is calculated as follow:
P Dmax +
M
D
6.2 V
VIN
C1
0.1 mF
Recommended Layout
LED
The board layout should provide good thermal dissipation
through the PCB. Multiple via can be used to connect the tab
of the CAT4101 to a large ground plane underneath the
package.
Input capacitor C1 should be placed as close to the driver
IC as possible. The RSET resistor should have a Kelvin
connection to the GND pin of the CAT4101.
CAT4101
EN/PWM
R1
T Jmax * T AMB
+ 150 * 60 + 3 W
q JA
30
RSET
GND
Figure 16. Single Supply Driving Three LEDs
Power Dissipation
The power dissipation (PD) of the CAT4101 can be
calculated as follows:
P D + (V IN
I IN) ) (V LED
I LED)
where VLED is the voltage at the LED pin. Combinations of
high VLED voltage or high ambient temperature can cause
the CAT4101 to enter thermal shutdown. In applications
where VLED is high, a resistor can be inserted in series with
the LED string to lower PD.
Thermal dissipation of the junction heat consists
primarily of two paths in series. The first path is the junction
to the case (qJC) thermal resistance which is defined by the
package style, and the second path is the case to ambient
(qCA) thermal resistance, which is dependent on board
layout. The overall junction to ambient (qJA) thermal
resistance is equal to:
q JA + q JC ) q CA
Figure 17. CAT4101 Recommended Layout
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CAT4101
PACKAGE DIMENSIONS
D2PAK−5 (TO−263, 5 LEAD)
CASE 418AH−01
ISSUE A
B
A
E
SEATING
PLANE
A
L1
NOTES:
1. DIMENSIONING AND TOLERANCING PER ASME
Y14.5M, 1994.
2. CONTROLLING DIMENSION: MILLIMETERS.
3. DIMENSIONS D AND E DO NOT INCLUDE MOLD
FLASH AND GATE PROTRUSIONS. MOLD FLASH
AND GATE PROTRUSIONS NOT TO EXCEED
0.13 MAXIMUM PER SIDE. THESE DIMENSIONS
TO BE MEASURED AT DATUM H.
c2
D
DETAIL A
H
c
e
5X
TOP VIEW
b
0.13
BOTTOM VIEW
SIDE VIEW
M
B A
M
H
M
DIM
A
A1
b
c
c2
D
E
e
H
L
L1
M
MILLIMETERS
MIN
MAX
4.06
4.82
0.00
0.25
0.51
0.99
0.33
0.74
1.14
1.65
8.38
9.65
9.65
10.67
1.70 BSC
14.61
15.88
1.78
2.79
−−−
1.68
0_
8_
RECOMMENDED
SOLDERING FOOTPRINT*
10.80
A1 B
L
SEATING
PLANE
DETAIL A
8.60
16.00
4.20
5X
1.70
PITCH
1.00
DIMENSIONS: MILLIMETERS
*For additional information on our Pb−Free strategy and soldering
details, please download the ON Semiconductor Soldering and
Mounting Techniques Reference Manual, SOLDERRM/D.
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CAT4101/D
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