ESD8104 D

ESD8104
ESD Protection Diode
Low Capacitance Array for High Speed
Data Lines
The ESD8104 is designed to protect high speed data lines from
ESD. Ultra−low capacitance and low ESD clamping voltage make this
device an ideal solution for protecting voltage sensitive high speed
data lines. The flow−through style package allows for easy PCB layout
and matched trace lengths necessary to maintain consistent impedance
between high speed differential lines such as USB 3.0/3.1 and HDMI
2.0.
Features
• Low Capacitance (0.37 pF Max, I/O to GND)
• Protection for the Following IEC Standards:
IEC 61000−4−2 (Level 4)
• Low ESD Clamping Voltage
• SZ Prefix for Automotive and Other Applications Requiring Unique
•
Site and Control Change Requirements; AEC−Q101 Qualified and
PPAP Capable
These Devices are Pb−Free, Halogen Free/BFR Free and are RoHS
Compliant
Typical Applications
•
•
•
•
USB 3.0/3.1
eSATA
HDMI 1.3/1.4/2.0
DisplayPort
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MARKING
DIAGRAM
UDFN10
CASE 517BB
4C MG
G
4C
= Specific Device Code (tbd)
M
= Date Code
G
= Pb−Free Package
(Note: Microdot may be in either location)
PIN CONFIGURATION
AND SCHEMATIC
N/C N/C
GND N/C N/C
10
9
8
7
6
1
2
3
4
5
I/O
I/O
GND
I/O
I/O
I/O
Pin 1
I/O
Pin 2
I/O
Pin 4
I/O
Pin 5
MAXIMUM RATINGS (TJ = 25°C unless otherwise noted)
Rating
Symbol
Value
Unit
Operating Junction Temperature Range
TJ
−55 to +125
°C
Storage Temperature Range
Tstg
−55 to +150
°C
TL
260
°C
ESD
ESD
±15
±15
kV
kV
Lead Solder Temperature −
Maximum (10 Seconds)
IEC 61000−4−2 Contact (ESD)
IEC 61000−4−2 Air (ESD)
Pins 3, 8
Note: Common GND − Only Minimum of 1 GND connection required
=
Stresses exceeding those listed in the Maximum Ratings table may damage the
device. If any of these limits are exceeded, device functionality should not be
assumed, damage may occur and reliability may be affected.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Device
See Application Note AND8308/D for further description of
survivability specs.
© Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC, 2015
October, 2015 − Rev. 7
Package
Shipping
ESD8104MUTAG
UDFN10
(Pb−Free)
3000 /
Tape & Reel
SZESD8104MUTAG
UDFN10
(Pb−Free)
3000 /
Tape & Reel
†For information on tape and reel specifications,
including part orientation and tape sizes, please
refer to our Tape and Reel Packaging Specification
Brochure, BRD8011/D.
1
Publication Order Number:
ESD8104/D
ESD8104
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
I
(TA = 25°C unless otherwise noted)
Symbol
IPP
Parameter
IPP
Maximum Peak Pulse Current
VC
Clamping Voltage @ IPP
VRWM
RDYN
Working Peak Reverse Voltage
IR
VCL VBR VRWM
Maximum Reverse Leakage Current @ VRWM
VBR
V
IR
IT
VCL
Breakdown Voltage @ IT
IT
RDYN
Test Current
RDYN
Dynamic Resistance
*See Application Note AND8308/D for detailed explanations of
datasheet parameters.
IPP
Uni−Directional TVS
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (TA = 25°C unless otherwise specified)
Parameter
Symbol
Reverse Working Voltage
VRWM
Breakdown Voltage
VBR
Conditions
IT = 1 mA, I/O Pin to GND
4.0
IR
VRWM = 3.3 V, I/O Pin to GND
Clamping Voltage
(Note 1)
VC
IEC61000−4−2, ±8 kV Contact
Clamping Voltage
TLP (Note 2)
See Figures 5 through 8
VC
IPP = 8 A
IPP = −8 A
IPP = 16 A
IPP = −16 A
RDYN
Junction Capacitance
CJ
Typ
Max
Unit
3.3
V
1.0
mA
I/O Pin to GND
Reverse Leakage Current
Dynamic Resistance
Min
5.0
V
See Figures 1 and 2
V
IEC 61000−4−2 Level 2 equivalent
(±4 kV Contact, ±4 kV Air)
8.5
−4.5
V
IEC 61000−4−2 Level 4 equivalent
(±8 kV Contact, ±15 kV Air)
11.4
−8.0
I/O Pin to GND
GND to I/O Pin
0.36
0.44
VR = 0 V, f = 1 MHz between I/O Pins and GND
VR = 0 V, f = 1 MHz between I/O Pins
VR = 0 V, f = 1 MHz, TA = 65°C between I/O Pins and GND
0.30
0.15
0.37
W
0.37
0.20
0.47
pF
90
10
80
0
70
−10
60
−20
VOLTAGE (V)
VOLTAGE (V)
1. For test procedure see Figures 3 and 4 and application note AND8307/D.
2. ANSI/ESD STM5.5.1 − Electrostatic Discharge Sensitivity Testing using Transmission Line Pulse (TLP) Model.
TLP conditions: Z0 = 50 W, tp = 100 ns, tr = 4 ns, averaging window; t1 = 30 ns to t2 = 60 ns.
50
40
30
−30
−40
−50
20
−60
10
−70
0
−80
−10
−20
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
−90
−20
140
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
TIME (ns)
TIME (ns)
Figure 1. IEC61000−4−2 +8 kV Contact
Clamping Voltage
Figure 2. IEC61000−4−2 −8 kV Contact
Clamping Voltage
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2
140
ESD8104
IEC61000−4−2 Waveform
IEC 61000−4−2 Spec.
Ipeak
Level
Test Voltage (kV)
First Peak
Current
(A)
Current at
30 ns (A)
Current at
60 ns (A)
1
2
7.5
4
2
2
4
15
8
4
3
6
22.5
12
6
4
8
30
16
8
100%
90%
I @ 30 ns
I @ 60 ns
10%
tP = 0.7 ns to 1 ns
Figure 3. IEC61000−4−2 Spec
ESD Gun
Oscilloscope
TVS
50 W
Cable
50 W
Figure 4. Diagram of ESD Clamping Voltage Test Setup
The following is taken from Application Note
AND8307/D − Characterization of ESD Clamping
Performance.
systems such as cell phones or laptop computers it is not
clearly defined in the spec how to specify a clamping voltage
at the device level. ON Semiconductor has developed a way
to examine the entire voltage waveform across the ESD
protection diode over the time domain of an ESD pulse in the
form of an oscilloscope screenshot, which can be found on
the datasheets for all ESD protection diodes. For more
information on how ON Semiconductor creates these
screenshots and how to interpret them please refer to
AND8307/D.
ESD Voltage Clamping
For sensitive circuit elements it is important to limit the
voltage that an IC will be exposed to during an ESD event
to as low a voltage as possible. The ESD clamping voltage
is the voltage drop across the ESD protection diode during
an ESD event per the IEC61000−4−2 waveform. Since the
IEC61000−4−2 was written as a pass/fail spec for larger
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3
ESD8104
20
−20
10
8
−14
14
6
12
−12
6
−10
10
4
8
6
2
4
−8
4
−6
−4
2
−2
2
2
4
6
8
10 12
14
VC, VOLTAGE (V)
16
18
0
0
20
0
2
Figure 5. Positive TLP I−V Curve
NOTE:
4
6
8
10 12
14
VC, VOLTAGE (V)
16
0
20
18
Figure 6. Negative TLP I−V Curve
TLP parameter: Z0 = 50 W, tp = 100 ns, tr = 300 ps, averaging window: t1 = 30 ns to t2 = 60 ns. VIEC is the equivalent voltage
stress level calculated at the secondary peak of the IEC 61000−4−2 waveform at t = 30 ns with 2 A/kV. See TLP description
below for more information.
Transmission Line Pulse (TLP) Measurement
L
Transmission Line Pulse (TLP) provides current versus
voltage (I−V) curves in which each data point is obtained
from a 100 ns long rectangular pulse from a charged
transmission line. A simplified schematic of a typical TLP
system is shown in Figure 7. TLP I−V curves of ESD
protection devices accurately demonstrate the product’s
ESD capability because the 10s of amps current levels and
under 100 ns time scale match those of an ESD event. This
is illustrated in Figure 8 where an 8 kV IEC 61000−4−2
current waveform is compared with TLP current pulses at
8 A and 16 A. A TLP I−V curve shows the voltage at which
the device turns on as well as how well the device clamps
voltage over a range of current levels. For more information
on TLP measurements and how to interpret them please
refer to AND9007/D.
S Attenuator
÷
50 W Coax
Cable
10 MW
IM
50 W Coax
Cable
VM
DUT
VC
Oscilloscope
Figure 7. Simplified Schematic of a Typical TLP
System
Figure 8. Comparison Between 8 kV IEC 61000−4−2 and 8 A and 16 A TLP Waveforms
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4
EQUIVALENT VIEC (kV)
TLP CURRENT (A)
−16
EQUIVALENT VIEC (kV)
TLP CURRENT (A)
8
16
0
0
10
−18
18
ESD8104
Without ESD8104
With ESD8104
Figure 9. USB 3.0 Eye Diagram with and without ESD8104. 5 Gb/s
Without ESD8104
With ESD8104
Figure 10. HDMI 2.0 Eye Diagram with and without ESD8104. 6 Gb/s
Without ESD8104
With ESD8104
Figure 11. USB 3.1 Eye Diagram with and without ESD8104. 10 Gb/s
See application note AND9075/D for further description of eye diagram testing methodology.
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5
ESD8104
Figure 12. RF Insertion Loss
TABLE 1. RF Insertion Loss: Application Description
Interface
Data Rate
(Gb/s)
Fundamental Frequency
(GHz)
3rd Harmonic Frequency
(GHz)
ESD8104 Insertion Loss
(dB)
USB 3.0
5.0
2.5 (m1)
7.5 (m4)
HDMI 2.0
6.0
3.0 (m2)
9.0 (m5)
USB 3.1
10
5.0 (m3)
15 (m6)
m1 = 0.128
m2 = 0.155
m3 = 0.352
m4 = 0.659
m5 = 0.958
m6 = 4.194
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6
ESD8104
USB 3.0/3.1 Type A
Connector
StdA_SSTX+
Vbus
StdA_SSTX−
ESD8104
D−
ESD7L5.0
GND_DRAIN
D+
StdA_SSRX+
GND
StdA_SSRX−
Black = Top layer
Red = Other layer
Figure 13. USB 3.0/3.1 Type−A Layout Diagram
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ESD8104
Type−C Hybrid Top Mount Connector
Top Layer
GND
TX1+
TX1−
Vbus
CC1
(Config. detect: Vconn or PD comm.)
D+
D−
SBU1
Sideband use: AUX signal
Vbus
RX2−
RX2+
GND
Type−C Hybrid Top Mount Connector
Bottom Layer
ESD9X
GND
RX1+
RX2+
SBU2
Vbus
D−
D+
Vbus
CC2
TX2−
TX2+
GND
Black = Top layer
Red = Bottom layer
ESD9X
Figure 14. USB 3.1 Type−C Layout Diagram
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8
ESD8104
HDMI
Type A Connector
ESD8104
D2+
GND
D2−
D1+
GND
D1−
ESD8104
D0+
GND
D0−
CLK+
GND
CLK−
CEC
N/C (or HEC_DAT)
SCL
SDA
GND
5V
HPD (and HEC_DAT)
NUP4114
Figure 15. HDMI Layout Diagram
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9
ESD8104
• Make sure to use differential design methodology and
PCB Layout Guidelines
Steps must be taken for proper placement and signal trace
routing of the ESD protection device in order to ensure the
maximum ESD survivability and signal integrity for the
application. Such steps are listed below.
• Place the ESD protection device as close as possible to
the I/O connector to reduce the ESD path to ground and
improve the protection performance.
♦ In USB 3.0/3.1 applications, the ESD protection
device should be placed between the AC coupling
capacitors and the I/O connector on the TX
differential lanes as shown in Figure 16.
impedance matching of all high speed signal traces.
♦ Use curved traces when possible to avoid unwanted
reflections.
♦ Keep the trace lengths equal between the positive
and negative lines of the differential data lanes to
avoid common mode noise generation and
impedance mismatch.
♦ Place grounds between high speed pairs and keep as
much distance between pairs as possible to reduce
crosstalk.
Figure 16. USB 3.0/3.1 Connection Diagram
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10
ESD8104
ESD Protection Device Technology
ON Semiconductor’s portfolio contains three main
technologies for low capacitance ESD protection device
which are highlighted below and in Figure 17.
• ESD7000 series: Zener diode based technology. This
technology has a higher breakdown voltage (VBR)
limiting it to protecting chipsets with larger geometries.
• ESD8000 series: Silicon controlled rectifier (SCR) type
technology. The key advatange for this technology is a
low holding voltage (VH) which produces a deeper
snapback that results in lower voltage over high
•
currents as shown in the TLP results in Figure 18. This
technology provides optimized protection for chipsets
with small geometries against thermal failures resulting
in chipset damage (also known as “hard failures”).
ESD8100 series: Low voltage punch through (LVPT)
type technology. The key advatange for this technology
is a very low turn-on voltage as shown in Figure 19.
This technology provides optimized protection for
chipsets with small geometries against recoverable
failures due to voltage peaks (also known as “soft
failures”).
Figure 17. ON Semiconductor’s Low-cap ESD Technology Portfolio
10
20
18
TLP Current (A)
14
6
12
10
4
8
ESD8004
6
ESD8104
4
2
ESD7004
2
0
0
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
VC (V)
Figure 18. High Current, TLP, IV Characteristic of Each Technology
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11
Equivalent VIEC (kV)
8
16
ESD8104
1.00E−01
1.00E−02
ESD8004
1.00E−03
ESD8104
1.00E−04
ESD7004
I (A)
1.00E−05
1.00E−06
1.00E−07
1.00E−08
1.00E−09
1.00E−10
1.00E−11
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
V (V)
Figure 19. Low Current, DC, IV Characteristic of Each Technology
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12
8
ESD8104
PACKAGE DIMENSIONS
UDFN10 2.5x1, 0.5P
CASE 517BB
ISSUE O
L
D
0.10 C
2X
2X
A B
ÍÍÍ
ÍÍÍ
PIN ONE
REFERENCE
0.10 C
L1
DETAIL A
OPTIONAL
CONSTRUCTIONS
E
TOP VIEW
A3
A
0.10 C
A1
0.08 C
A1
C
SIDE VIEW
2X
DETAIL A
10
A3
DETAIL B
NOTES:
1. DIMENSIONING AND TOLERANCING PER
ASME Y14.5M, 1994.
2. CONTROLLING DIMENSION: MILLIMETERS.
3. DIMENSION b APPLIES TO PLATED
TERMINAL AND IS MEASURED BETWEEN
0.15 AND 0.30mm FROM TERMINAL.
DIM
A
A1
A3
b
b2
D
E
e
L
L1
MILLIMETERS
MIN
MAX
0.55
0.45
0.00
0.05
0.13 REF
0.15
0.25
0.45
0.35
2.50 BSC
1.00 BSC
0.50 BSC
0.30
0.40
--0.05
OPTIONAL
CONSTRUCTION
SEATING
PLANE
RECOMMENDED
SOLDERING FOOTPRINT*
b2
1
ÇÇÇ
ÇÇÇ
ÉÉÉ
ÉÉÉ
MOLD CMPD
EXPOSED Cu
DETAIL B
10X
L
10X
L
10X
5
2X
0.50
6
0.45
1.30
e
8X
b
0.10 C A
BOTTOM VIEW
0.05 C
PACKAGE
OUTLINE
B
NOTE 3
0.50
PITCH
8X
0.25
DIMENSIONS: MILLIMETERS
*For additional information on our Pb−Free strategy and soldering
details, please download the ON Semiconductor Soldering and
Mounting Techniques Reference Manual, SOLDERRM/D.
ON Semiconductor and the
are registered trademarks of Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC (SCILLC) or its subsidiaries in the United States and/or other countries.
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specifically disclaims any and all liability, including without limitation special, consequential or incidental damages. “Typical” parameters which may be provided in SCILLC data sheets
and/or specifications can and do vary in different applications and actual performance may vary over time. All operating parameters, including “Typicals” must be validated for each
customer application by customer’s technical experts. SCILLC does not convey any license under its patent rights nor the rights of others. SCILLC products are not designed, intended,
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ESD8104/D
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