ADP3120A D

ADP3120A
Dual Bootstrapped, 12 V
MOSFET Driver with Output
Disable
The ADP3120A is a single Phase 12 V MOSFET gate drivers
optimized to drive the gates of both high−side and low−side power
MOSFETs in a synchronous buck converter. The high−side and
low−side driver is capable of driving a 3000 pF load with a 45 ns
propagation delay and a 25 ns transition time.
With a wide operating voltage range, high or low side MOSFET
gate drive voltage can be optimized for the best efficiency. Internal
adaptive nonoverlap circuitry further reduces switching losses by
preventing simultaneous conduction of both MOSFETs.
The floating top driver design can accommodate VBST voltages as
high as 35 V, with transient voltages as high as 40 V. Both gate outputs
can be driven low by applying a low logic level to the Output Disable
(OD) pin. An Undervoltage Lockout function ensures that both driver
outputs are low when the supply voltage is low, and a Thermal
Shutdown function provides the IC with overtemperature protection.
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MARKING
DIAGRAMS
8
8
1
•
All−In−One Synchronous Buck Driver
Bootstrapped High−Side Drive
One PWM Signal Generates Both Drives
Anticross Conduction Protection Circuitry
OD for Disabling the Driver Outputs Meets CPU VR Requirement
when Used with Patented FlexModet Controller
These are Pb−Free Devices
Applications
1
A
L
Y
W
G
1
L3C
ALYWG
G
8
= Assembly Location
= Wafer Lot
= Year
= Work Week
= Pb−Free Package
PIN CONNECTIONS
BST
1
8
DRVH
IN
OD
SWN
PGND
VCC
DRVL
1
• Multiphase Desktop CPU Supplies
• Single−Supply Synchronous Buck Converters
1
DFN8
MN SUFFIX
CASE 506BJ
Features
•
•
•
•
•
3120A
ALYW
G
SO−8
D SUFFIX
CASE 751
8
BST
IN
DRVH
SWN
OD
PGND
VCC
DRVL
(Top View)
ORDERING INFORMATION
Device
Package
Shipping†
ADP3120AJRZ
SO−8
(Pb−Free)
98 Units / Rail
ADP3120AJRZ−RL
SO−8
2500 Tape & Reel
(Pb−Free)
ADP3120AJCPZ−RL
DFN8
5000 Tape & Reel
(Pb−Free)
†For information on tape and reel specifications,
including part orientation and tape sizes, please
refer to our Tape and Reel Packaging Specification
Brochure, BRD8011/D.
© Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC, 2012
June, 2012 − Rev. 4
1
Publication Order Number:
ADP3120A/D
ADP3120A
OD
3
VCC
TSD
1
BST
8
DRVH
7
SWN
4
VCC
5
DRVL
6
PGND
UVLO
IN
2
START
STOP
FALLING
EDGE
DELAY
MONITOR
FALLING
EDGE
DELAY
MONITOR
NON−OVERLAP
TIMERS
MIN DRVL
OFF TIMER
Figure 1. Block Diagram
PIN DESCRIPTION
SO−8
DFN8
Symbol
Description
1
1
BST
Upper MOSFET Floating Bootstrap Supply. A capacitor connected between BST and SW pins holds
this bootstrap voltage for the high−side MOSFET as it is switched. The recommended capacitor value
is between 100 nF and 1.0 mF. An external diode is required with the ADP3120A.
2
2
IN
Logic−Level Input. This pin has primary control of the drive outputs.
3
3
OD
Output Disable. When low, normal operation is disabled forcing DRVH and DRVL low.
4
4
VCC
Input Supply. A 1.0 mF ceramic capacitor should be connected from this pin to PGND.
5
5
DRVL
Output drive for the lower MOSFET.
6
6
PGND
Power Ground. Should be closely connected to the source of the lower MOSFET.
7
7
SWN
Switch Node. Connect to the source of the upper MOSFET.
8
8
DRVH
Output drive for the upper MOSFET.
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2
ADP3120A
MAXIMUM RATINGS
Rating
Value
Unit
Operating Ambient Temperature, TA
−20 to 85
°C
Operating Junction Temperature, TJ (Note 1)
−20 to 150
°C
45
123
°C/W
°C/W
7.5
55
°C/W
°C/W
−65 to 150
°C
260 peak
°C
1
−
Package Thermal Resistance: SO−8
Junction−to−Case, RqJC
Junction−to−Ambient, RqJA (2−Layer Board)
Package Thermal Resistance: DFN8 (Note 2)
Junction−to−Case, RqJC (From die to exposed pad)
Junction−to−Ambient, RqJA
Storage Temperature Range, TS
Lead Temperature Soldering (10 sec): Reflow (SMD styles only)
Pb−Free (Note 3)
JEDEC Moisture Sensitivity Level
SO−8 (260 peak profile)
Stresses exceeding Maximum Ratings may damage the device. Maximum Ratings are stress ratings only. Functional operation above the
Recommended Operating Conditions is not implied. Extended exposure to stresses above the Recommended Operating Conditions may affect
device reliability.
1. Internally limited by thermal shutdown, 150°C min.
2. 2 layer board, 1 in2 Cu, 1 oz thickness.
3. 60−180 seconds minimum above 237°C.
NOTE: This device is ESD sensitive. Use standard ESD precautions when handling.
MAXIMUM RATINGS
NOTE:
Pin Symbol
Pin Name
VMAX
VMIN
VCC
Main Supply Voltage Input
15 V
−0.3 V
PGND
Ground
0V
0V
BST
Bootstrap Supply Voltage Input
35 V wrt/PGND
40 V < 50 ns wrt/PGND
15 V wrt/SW
−0.3 V wrt/SW
SW
Switching Node
(Bootstrap Supply Return)
35 V
40 V < 50 ns
−5.0 V
−10 V < 200 ns
DRVH
High−Side Driver Output
BST + 0.3 V
−0.3 V wrt/SW
−2.0 V < 200 ns wrt/SW
DRVL
Low−Side Driver Output
VCC + 0.3 V
−0.3 V DC
−5.0 V < 200 ns
IN
DRVH and DRVL Control Input
6.5 V
−0.3 V
OD
Output Disable
6.5 V
−0.3 V
All voltages are with respect to PGND except where noted.
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3
ADP3120A
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (Note 4) (VCC = 12 V, TA = −20°C to +85°C, TJ = 0°C to +125°C unless otherwise noted.)
Characteristic
Symbol
Condition
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Supply Voltage Range
VCC
−
4.6
−
13.2
V
Supply Current
ISYS
BST = 12 V, IN = 0 V
−
0.7
2.0
mA
Input Voltage High
VOD_HI
−
2.0
−
−
V
Input Voltage Low
VOD_LO
−
−
−
0.8
V
−
−
400
−
mV
No internal pullup or pulldown resistors
−1.0
−
+1.0
mA
Supply
OD Input
Hysteresis
Input Current
PWM Input
Input Voltage High
VPWM_HI
−
2.0
−
−
V
Input Voltage Low
VPWM_LO
−
−
−
0.8
V
Hysteresis
−
−
−
400
−
mV
Input Current
−
No internal pullup or pulldown resistors
−1.0
−
+1.0
mA
Output Resistance, Sourcing Current
−
BST − SW = 12 V; TA = −20°C to 85°C
BST − SW = 12 V; TA = 25°C
−
2.2
−
3.9
3.3
W
Output Resistance, Sinking Current
−
BST − SW = 12 V; TA = −20°C to 85°C
BST − SW = 12 V; TA = 25°C
−
1.0
−
2.6
1.8
W
Output Resistance, Unbiased
−
BST − SW = 0 V
−
15
−
kW
trDRVH
tfDRVH
BST − SW = 12 V, CLOAD = 3.0 nF
(See Figure 3)
−
20
11
40
30
ns
tpdhDRVH
BST − SW = 12 V, CLOAD = 3.0 nF
(See Figure 3)
BST − SW = 12 V, CLOAD = 3.0 nF
(See Figure 3)
32
45
70
ns
25
35
20
25
35
55
High−Side Driver
Transition Times
Propagation Delay Times (Note 5)
tpdlDRVH
tpdlOD
tpdhOD
(See Figure 2)
(See Figure 2)
−
SW to PGND
−
15
−
kW
Output Resistance, Sourcing Current
−
TA = −20°C to 85°C
TA = 25°C
−
1.8
−
3.9
3.3
W
Output Resistance, Sinking Current
−
TA = −20°C to 85°C
TA = 25°C
−
1.0
−
2.6
1.8
W
Output Resistance, Unbiased
−
VCC = PGND
−
15
−
kW
trDRVL
tfDRVL
CLOAD = 3.0 nF, (See Figure 3)
−
16
11
35
30
ns
tpdhDRVL
CLOAD = 3.0 nF, (See Figure 3)
(Note 6, tpdhDRVL only)
−
12
35
ns
15
45
20
20
35
35
SW Pulldown Resitance
Low−Side Driver
Transition Times
Propagation Delay Times (Note 5)
tpdlDRVL
tpdlOD
tpdhOD
(See Figure 2)
(See Figure 2)
−
DRVH − SW = 0
−
85
−
ns
UVLO Startup
−
−
3.9
4.3
4.5
V
UVLO Shutdown
−
−
3.7
4.1
4.3
V
Hysteresis
−
−
0.1
0.2
0.4
V
Timeout Delay
Undervoltage Lockout
4. All limits at temperature extremes are guaranteed via correlation using standard Statistical Quality Control (SQC).
5. For propagation delays, “tpdh” refers to the specified signal going high; “tpdl” refers to it going low.
6. Guaranteed by design; not tested in production.
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4
ADP3120A
APPLICATIONS INFORMATION
Theory of Operation
Likewise, when the PWM input pin goes low, DRVH will
go low after the propagation delay (tpdDRVH). The time to
turn off the high−side MOSFET (tfDRVH) is dependent on
the total gate charge of the high−side MOSFET. A timer will
be triggered once the high−side mosfet has stopped
conducting, to delay (tpdhDRVL) the turn on of the
low−side MOSFET
The ADP3120A are single phase MOSFET drivers
designed for driving two N−channel MOSFETs in a
synchronous buck converter topology. The ADP3120A will
operate from 5.0 V or 12 V, but have been optimized for high
current multi−phase buck regulators that convert 12 V rail
directly to the core voltage required by complex logic chips.
A single PWM input signal is all that is required to properly
drive the high−side and the low−side MOSFETs. Each driver
is capable of driving a 3 nF load at frequencies up to 1 MHz.
Power Supply Decoupling
The ADP3120A can source and sink relatively large
currents to the gate pins of the external MOSFETs. In order
to maintain a constant and stable supply voltage (VCC) a low
ESR capacitor should be placed near the power and ground
pins. A 1 mF to 4.7 mF multi layer ceramic capacitor (MLCC)
is usually sufficient.
Low−Side Driver
The low−side driver is designed to drive a
ground−referenced low RDS(on) N−Channel MOSFET. The
voltage rail for the low−side driver is internally connected to
the VCC supply and PGND.
Input Pins
High−Side Driver
The PWM input and the Output Disable pins of the
ADP3120A have internal protection for Electro Static
Discharge (ESD), but in normal operation they present a
relatively high input impedance. If the PWM controller does
not have internal pulldown resistors, they should be added
externally to ensure that the driver outputs do not go high
before the controller has reached its under voltage lockout
threshold. The NCP5381 controller does include a passive
internal pulldown resistor on the drive−on output pin.
The high−side driver is designed to drive a floating low
RDS(on) N−channel MOSFET. The gate voltage for the high
side driver is developed by a bootstrap circuit referenced to
Switch Node (SW) pin.
The bootstrap circuit is comprised of an external diode,
and an external bootstrap capacitor. When the ADP3120A
are starting up, the SW pin is at ground, so the bootstrap
capacitor will charge up to VCC through the bootstrap diode
See Figure 4. When the PWM input goes high, the high−side
driver will begin to turn on the high−side MOSFET using the
stored charge of the bootstrap capacitor. As the high−side
MOSFET turns on, the SW pin will rise. When the high−side
MOSFET is fully on, the switch node will be at 12 V, and the
BST pin will be at 12 V plus the charge of the bootstrap
capacitor (approaching 24 V).
The bootstrap capacitor is recharged when the switch
node goes low during the next cycle.
Bootstrap Circuit
The bootstrap circuit uses a charge storage capacitor
(CBST) and the internal (or an external) diode. Selection of
these components can be done after the high−side MOSFET
has been chosen. The bootstrap capacitor must have a
voltage rating that is able to withstand twice the maximum
supply voltage. A minimum 50 V rating is recommended.
The capacitance is determined using the following equation:
CBST +
Safety Timer and Overlap Protection Circuit
It is very important that MOSFETs in a synchronous buck
regulator do not both conduct at the same time. Excessive
shoot−through or cross conduction can damage the
MOSFETs, and even a small amount of cross conduction
will cause a decrease in the power conversion efficiency.
The ADP3120A prevent cross conduction by monitoring
the status of the external mosfets and applying the
appropriate amount of “dead−time” or the time between the
turn off of one MOSFET and the turn on of the other
MOSFET.
When the PWM input pin goes high, DRVL will go low
after a propagation delay (tpdlDRVL). The time it takes for
the low−side MOSFET to turn off (tfDRVL) is dependent on
the total charge on the low−side MOSFET gate. The
ADP3120A monitor the gate voltage of both MOSFETs and
the switchnode voltage to determine the conduction status of
the MOSFETs. Once the low−side MOSFET is turned off an
internal timer will delay (tpdhDRVH) the turn on of the
high−side MOSFET
QGATE
DVBST
where QGATE is the total gate charge of the high−side
MOSFET, and DVBST is the voltage droop allowed on the
high−side MOSFET drive. For example, a NTD60N03 has
a total gate charge of about 30 nC. For an allowed droop of
300 mV, the required bootstrap capacitance is 100 nF. A
good quality ceramic capacitor should be used.
The bootstrap diode must be rated to withstand the
maximum supply voltage plus any peak ringing voltages
that may be present on SW. The average forward current can
be estimated by:
IF(AVG) + QGATE
fMAX
where fMAX is the maximum switching frequency of the
controller. The peak surge current rating should be checked
in−circuit, since this is dependent on the source impedance
of the 12 V supply and the ESR of CBST.
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5
ADP3120A
OD
VOD_HI
VOD_LO
tpdlOD
tpdhOD
90%
DRVH
or
DRVL
10%
Figure 2. Output Disable Timing Diagram
VPWM_HI
IN
DRVL
VPWM_LO
tpdlDRVL
tfDRVL
90%
90%
2V
10%
10%
tpdhDRVH
trDRVH
tpdlDRVH
90%
trDRVL
tfDRVH
90%
DRVH−SW
2V
10%
10%
tpdhDRVL
SW
Figure 3. Nonoverlap Timing Diagram
12 V
12 V
ADP3120A
4
Output Enable
PWM in
BST
DRVH
3
SW
OD
DRVL
2
IN PGND
Vcc
1
8
7
5
6
Vout
Figure 4. ADP3120A Example Circuit
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6
ADP3120A
PACKAGE DIMENSIONS
DFN8 3x3, 0.5P
CASE 506BJ
ISSUE O
PIN 1
REFERENCE
2X
0.10 C
2X
EDGE OF PACKAGE
A
B
D
NOTES:
1. DIMENSIONS AND TOLERANCING PER ASME
Y14.5M, 1994.
2. CONTROLLING DIMENSION: MILLIMETERS.
3. DIMENSION b APPLIES TO PLATED TERMINAL
AND IS MEASURED BETWEEN 0.15 AND 0.30
MM FROM TERMINAL.
4. COPLANARITY APPLIES TO THE EXPOSED
PAD AS WELL AS THE TERMINALS.
L
L1
ÇÇÇ
ÇÇÇ
ÇÇÇ
0.10 C
DETAIL A
E
OPTIONAL
CONSTRUCTION
L
TOP VIEW
DETAIL A
OPTIONAL
CONSTRUCTION
DETAIL B
0.05 C
DIM
A
A1
A3
b
D
D2
E
E2
e
K
L
L1
A
8X
0.05 C
NOTE 4
(A3)
SIDE VIEW
8X
L
8X
K
A1
D2
1
C
SOLDERMASK DEFINED
MOUNTING FOOTPRINT
SEATING
PLANE
1.85
DETAIL A
4
EXPOSED Cu
E2
ÉÉ
ÉÉ
8
5
8X
8X
0.35
MOLD CMPD
DETAIL B
OPTIONAL
CONSTRUCTION
e
MILLIMETERS
MIN
MAX
0.80
1.00
0.00
0.05
0.20 REF
0.18
0.30
3.00 BSC
1.64
1.84
3.00 BSC
1.35
1.55
0.50 BSC
0.20
−−−
0.30
0.50
0.00
0.03
3.30
1.55
0.63
0.50
PITCH
b
0.10 C A B
BOTTOM VIEW
0.05 C
NOTE 3
8X
DIMENSION: MILLIMETERS
*For additional information on our Pb−Free strategy and soldering
details, please download the ON Semiconductor Soldering and
Mounting Techniques Reference Manual, SOLDERRM/D.
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7
ADP3120A
PACKAGE DIMENSIONS
SOIC−8
D SUFFIX
CASE 751−07
ISSUE AK
−X−
NOTES:
1. DIMENSIONING AND TOLERANCING PER
ANSI Y14.5M, 1982.
2. CONTROLLING DIMENSION: MILLIMETER.
3. DIMENSION A AND B DO NOT INCLUDE
MOLD PROTRUSION.
4. MAXIMUM MOLD PROTRUSION 0.15 (0.006)
PER SIDE.
5. DIMENSION D DOES NOT INCLUDE DAMBAR
PROTRUSION. ALLOWABLE DAMBAR
PROTRUSION SHALL BE 0.127 (0.005) TOTAL
IN EXCESS OF THE D DIMENSION AT
MAXIMUM MATERIAL CONDITION.
6. 751−01 THRU 751−06 ARE OBSOLETE. NEW
STANDARD IS 751−07.
A
8
5
S
B
0.25 (0.010)
Y
M
M
1
4
−Y−
K
G
C
N
DIM
A
B
C
D
G
H
J
K
M
N
S
X 45 _
SEATING
PLANE
−Z−
0.10 (0.004)
H
D
0.25 (0.010)
M
Z Y
S
X
M
J
S
MILLIMETERS
MIN
MAX
4.80
5.00
3.80
4.00
1.35
1.75
0.33
0.51
1.27 BSC
0.10
0.25
0.19
0.25
0.40
1.27
0_
8_
0.25
0.50
5.80
6.20
INCHES
MIN
MAX
0.189
0.197
0.150
0.157
0.053
0.069
0.013
0.020
0.050 BSC
0.004
0.010
0.007
0.010
0.016
0.050
0 _
8 _
0.010
0.020
0.228
0.244
SOLDERING FOOTPRINT*
1.52
0.060
7.0
0.275
4.0
0.155
0.6
0.024
1.270
0.050
SCALE 6:1
mm Ǔ
ǒinches
*For additional information on our Pb−Free strategy and soldering
details, please download the ON Semiconductor Soldering and
Mounting Techniques Reference Manual, SOLDERRM/D.
FlexMode is a trademark of Analog Devices, Inc.
ON Semiconductor and
are registered trademarks of Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC (SCILLC). SCILLC reserves the right to make changes without further notice
to any products herein. SCILLC makes no warranty, representation or guarantee regarding the suitability of its products for any particular purpose, nor does SCILLC assume any liability
arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit, and specifically disclaims any and all liability, including without limitation special, consequential or incidental damages.
“Typical” parameters which may be provided in SCILLC data sheets and/or specifications can and do vary in different applications and actual performance may vary over time. All
operating parameters, including “Typicals” must be validated for each customer application by customer’s technical experts. SCILLC does not convey any license under its patent rights
nor the rights of others. SCILLC products are not designed, intended, or authorized for use as components in systems intended for surgical implant into the body, or other applications
intended to support or sustain life, or for any other application in which the failure of the SCILLC product could create a situation where personal injury or death may occur. Should
Buyer purchase or use SCILLC products for any such unintended or unauthorized application, Buyer shall indemnify and hold SCILLC and its officers, employees, subsidiaries, affiliates,
and distributors harmless against all claims, costs, damages, and expenses, and reasonable attorney fees arising out of, directly or indirectly, any claim of personal injury or death
associated with such unintended or unauthorized use, even if such claim alleges that SCILLC was negligent regarding the design or manufacture of the part. SCILLC is an Equal
Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. This literature is subject to all applicable copyright laws and is not for resale in any manner.
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For additional information, please contact your local
Sales Representative
ADP3120A/D
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